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Occupational Wage Survey

LOS ANGELES-LONG BEACH,
CALIFORNIA
MARCH 1958

Bulletin No. 1224-13

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU OF LABOR ST T IC
A IST S
Ewan Clagua, Com issioner
m




Occupational Wage Survey
LOS ANGELES-LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA




MARCH 1958

B u lle tin No. 1224-13
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR ST T IC
A IST S
Ewan Clpgue, Com issioner
m
June 1958

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. - Price 25 cents.




Preface
The Community Wage Survey P rogram
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A prelim inary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report.
A consolidated analytical
bulletin summ arizing the results of all of the y e a r’ s surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of su rveys.




C o n te n ts

Page
Introduction ___________________________________ —----------------------------Wage trends fo r se le cte d occupational groups ___________________

1
4

T a b les:
1: E stablishm ents and w ork ers within scop e of su rvey _____
2: Indexes o f standard w eekly sa la ries and straigh t-tim e
h ourly earnings fo r selected occu pation al grou ps,
and p ercen t o f in crea se fo r selected p eriods ...___________
A: O ccupational earnings * A - 1: O ffice occupations ___________________________
A -2 : P r o fe ssio n a l and tech n ical occupations _____________
A -3 : Maintenance and powerplant occupations ___________
A -4 : C ustodial and m aterial m ovem ent occupations _____
B: E stablishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary wage
p ro v isio n s * B - l : Shift d ifferen tials ____________________________________
B -2 : M inim um entrance rates fo r wom en o ffic e w o r k e r s __
B -3 : Scheduled w eekly hours ______________________________
B -4 : O vertim e pay _________________________________
B -5 : Wage stru ctu re ch a ra cte ristics and la b o r managem ent agreem ents ___________________________
B -6 : P aid holidays ________________________________________
B -7 : P aid vacations ________________________________________
B -8 : Health, in su ran ce, and pension plans _______________
Appendix:

Job d escrip tion s

______________________________________

* NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations for m ost of these item s are availa­
ble in the Los A n geles-L on g Beach area reports for January
1952, February 1953, March 1954, March 1955, March 1956, and
March 1957. P rior to the present report, data on wage structure
ch a racteristics, labor-m anagem ent agreem ents, and overtim e
pay provisions were last shown in the 1954 summ ary report.
The 1955 report included data on frequency of wage paym ents,
and pay provisions for holidays falling on nonworkdays not in­
cluded in other reports. A directory indicating date of study and
the price of the reports, as well as reports for other m ajor
a re as, is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary
wage practices in the Los A n geles-L on g Beach area are also
available for fabricated structural steel (March 1957); women1s
cem ent-process (conventional-lasted) shoes (April 1957); women's
cem en t-process (slip-lasted) shoes (April 1957); w om en's and
m i s s e s 1 coats and suits (February 1957); and machinery (January
1958).
Union sc a le s, indicative of prevailing pay le v e ls , are
available for the following trades or industries: Building con*struction, printing, local-transit operating em ployees, and m otor­
truck drivers and h elpers.

2
4
5
9
9
11

13
14
15
16
17
18
20
22
23




O c c u p a tio n a l

W a g e

Survey

-

Los

A n g e le s -L o n g

B each ,

C a lif. *

Introduction
The L os A n geles-L on g Beach area is one of several important
industrial centers in which the Department of Labor*s Bureau of Labor
Statistics has conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related
wage benefits on an areawide b a sis. In each area, data are obtained
by Bureau field agents from representative establishm ents within six
broad industry divisions:
Manufacturing; transportation (excluding
railroads), communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv ic es. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies; besides railroads, are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted also because they furnish insufficient employment in the o c­
cupations studied to warrant inclusion. 1 Wherever possible, separate
tabulations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishm ents. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estim ates
based on the establishments studied are presented, th erefore, as r e ­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and a rea, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of m anufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational c la s ­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of inter establishment variation in duties within the same
job (see appendix for listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions:
(a) Office clerica l; (b) professional and technical; (c) m ainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and m aterial movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w orkers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification .
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded a lso , but c o s t -o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
* This report was prepared in the Bureau’ s regional office in
San F ran cisco, C a li f., by W illiam P . O ’ Connor, under the direction
of John L . Dana, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See table on page 2 for m in im u m -size establishment covered.




to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-tim e salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estim ates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishm ents, the estim ates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment P ractices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on se ­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they r e ­
late to office and plant w orkers.
The term "office w o r k e r s ," as
used in this bulletin, includes all office clerical employees and ex­
cludes adm inistrative, executive, p rofession al, and technical personnel.
"Plant w o rk ers" include working foremen and allnonsupervisory work­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
A dm inistrative, executive, profession al, and technical em ployees, and
force-account construction employees who are utilized as a separate
work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are ex­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant workers
in nonmanufacturing industries.
Shift differential data (table B - l ) are lim ited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in term s of (a) estab­
lishment p o lic y ,2 presented in term s of total plant worker em ploy­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used o r, if no amount applied to a m ajority, the cla s­
sification "o th e r " was used.
In establishments in which some la te shift hours are paid at normal r a tes, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the estab­
lishm ents visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment b a sis. Overtime pay practices; paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated
statistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office

2 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late sh ifts.

2

workers if a m ajority of such workers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices listed .
Scheduled hours, wage structure
ch aracteristics, and labor-m anagem ent agreements are treated sta­
tistically on the basis,that these are applicable to all plant or office
workers if a m ajority are c o v e r e d .3 Because of rounding, sums of
individual item s in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.
The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided.
The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .
The
third section presents a list of the paid holidays and the proportions
of workers to whom they are granted annually.
The summ ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arrange­
m ents, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the em ployer.
Separate estim ates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time paym ents, percent of annual earnings, or fla t-su m amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for exam ple, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 w e e k 's pay*
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer,
excepting only legal requirements such as w orkm en^ compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a co m -

m ercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or
paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of in­
surance under which predeterm ined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illn ess or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New J ersey, which
have enacted tem porary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,4 plans are included only if the employer (l) con­
tributes m ore than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirem ents of the law . Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are lim ited to form al p la n s5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker *s pay during absence from work
because of illn e ss.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick lea ve, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a form al plan if
it
3
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section of established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each em ployee. Such a plan need not be written,
table B -3 ) were presented in earlier years in term s of the propor­
but informal sick leave allow ances, determined on an individual b a sis,
tion of women office workers employed in offices with the indicated
weekly hours for women w orkers.
were excluded.
Table 1:

E stablishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in Los A ngele.s-Long Beach, C alif. , 1 by m ajor industry division, M arch 1958

Industry division

A ll divisions ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication,
and other public utilities 4 ----------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade --------------------------------------------------------------------------------R etail trade (excluding department s t o r e s ) --------------------------------Finance, insurance and real estate ----------------------------------------------S ervices (excluding motion p ic tu r e s)7 -----------------------------------------Motion pictures 8 --------- —-------------------------------------------------------------------

Minimum
employment
in estab lish ­
ments in scope
of study

Number of establishm ents
Within
scope of
study*

W ork ers in establishm ents

Studied

Within scope of study
Total 3

'Studied

Office

Plant

T o ta l3

.

2 ,4 4 1

319

9 3 4 ,1 0 0

2 0 1 ,2 0 0

5 3 8 ,2 0 0

4 5 6 ,9 2 0

101
-

990
1,4 51

111
208

5 2 9 ,2 0 0
4 0 4 ,9 0 0

8 9 ,4 0 0
1 1 1 ,800

3 2 9 ,9 0 0
2 0 8 ,3 0 0

2 7 1 ,8 5 0
1 8 5 ,0 7 0

101
51
101
51
51
51

91
439
243
235
399
44

25
50
27
40
50
16

8 9 ,0 0 0
62, 700
9 5 ,4 0 0
7 4 ,0 0 0
6 5 ,1 0 0
18, 800

5 2 ,6 0 0
26, 100

7 0 ,1 8 0
18, 400
2 1 ,5 7 0
4 1 ,5 0 0
18, 870
14, 550

1 7 ,9 0 0
18, 300
(5)
51, 700
1 2 ,5 0 0
2 ,6 0 0

6

3 ,9 0 0
3 5 ,5 0 0
1 2 ,2 0 0

1 Los A n g e le s-L o n g Beach Metropolitan A rea (Los A ngeles and Orange Counties).
The "w ork ers within scope of stud y" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the
size and com position of the labor forc e included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve as a basis of com parison with other area em ployment indexes to m easu re em ployment
trends or levels since ( l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) sm a ll establishm ents are excluded from
the
scope of the survey.
* Includes a ll establishm ents with total em ployment at or above the m in im u m -siz e lim itation.
A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair serv ic e and
m otion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishm ent.
3 Includes executive, technical, p rofession al, and other w orkers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
4 A lso excludes taxicabs, and serv ic es incidental to water transportation.
Los A n g e le s’ electric utilities and m ost of its local transit are m unicipally operated and, therefore, excluded by definition
from the scope of the studies.
5 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A and B tables, although coverage was insufficient to ju stify separate presentation of data.
6 E stim ate relates to real establishm ents only.
.
.
7 H otels; personal s e r v ic e s; business se r v ic e s; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; m otion-picture distribution and m otion-picture theaters; nonprofit m em bership organizations,
and engineering and architectural se r v ic e s.
* M otion-picture production and services independent of m otion-picture production but allied thereto.




3
Catastrophe insurance, som etim es referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, m edical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of d o cto rs1 fe e s. Such plans may be underwritten by co m m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-in su red .
Tabulations of retirem ent pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
w orker1s life .
With reference to wage structure ch aracteristics, proportions
of time and incentive workers directly reflect employment under each




pay system . However, because of technical considerations, all tim e­
rated workers (plant or office) in an establishment were classified to
the predominant type of rate structure applying to these w orkers.
Incentive-worker employment was classified according to the p re­
dominant type of incentive plan in each establishment.
Graduated provisions for premium overtime pay were c la s s i­
fied to the first effective premium rate. For exam ple, a plan calling
for time and one-half after 8 a n d . double time after 10 hours a day
was tabulated as tim e and one-half after 8 hours.
Sim ilarly, a plan
calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 37V 2 hours (regular
weekly schedule) and time and one-half after 40 was considered as
time and one-half after 40 hours.

4
W age T rends for Selected Occupational Groups

o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e th e n t o t a l e d t o o b t a i n a n a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h o c c u p a ­
tio n a l g r o u p .
F i n a l l y , th e r a t io o f t h e s e g r o u p a g g r e g a t e s f o r a g iv e n
y e a r to th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e b a s e p e r i o d ( s u r v e y m o n t h , w i n t e r 1 9 5 2 - 5 3 )
w a s c o m p u t e d a n d th e r e s u l t m u l t i p l i e d b y th e b a s e y e a r i n d e x ( 1 0 0 ) t o
g e t th e i n d e x f o r th e g i v e n y e a r .

T h e ta b le b e lo w p r e s e n t s in d e x e s o f s a l a r i e s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l
w o r k e r s an d in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , a n d o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d
p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e i n d e x e s
r e l a t e to a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s o f w o r k , t h a t i s ,
th e s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a r e p a i d .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y m e a s u r e c h a n g e s i n s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y
e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k ­
e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te s h i f t s .
T h e in d e x e s a r e b a s e d o n d a ta f o r
s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m ­
p o r ta n t jo b s w ith in e a c h g r o u p .
T h e o f f ic e c l e r i c a l d a ta a r e b a s e d
o n w o m e n i n th e f o l l o w i n g 1 8 j o b s :
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a ­
c h in e ); b o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A a n d B ; C o m p t o m e t e r
o p e r a t o r s ; c l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A a n d B ; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s , p a y -*
r o l l ; k e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s ; o f f ic e g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r i e s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
g e n e r a l; sw itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ;
s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t i o n i s t s ;
ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ; t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
gen­
e r a l ; a n d t y p i s t s , c la s s A an d B . T h e in d u s tr ia l n u r s e d a ta a r e b a s e d
o n w o m e n i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s . M e n i n th e f o l l o w i n g 1 0 s k i l l e d m a i n t e ­
n a n c e j o b s a n d 3 u n s k i l l e d j o b s w e r e i n c l u d e d in th e p l a n t w o r k e r
d a ta :
S k ille d -—c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r i c i a n s ; m a c h in i s t s ; m e c h a n ic s ; m e ­
c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m illw r ig h t s ; p a in t e r s ; p ip e f it t e r s ;
s h e e t-m e ta l
w o r k e r s ; a n d t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — j a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d
c l e a n e r s ; l a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d li n g ; a n d w a t c h m e n .

T h e i n d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y , th e e f f e c t s o f ( l ) g e n e r a l
s a l a r y a n d w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2 ) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d
b y in d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in 'th e s a m e j o b ; a n d ( 3 ) c h a n g e s i n th e
la b o r fo r c e su c h a s la b o r tu r n o v e r , fo r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c ­
t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t s w ith d if f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s i n th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n
c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t
a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s . F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n s io n m ig h t in c r e a s e
th e p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s i n a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a t i o n a n d r e ­
s u l t i n a d r o p i n th e a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c t i o n in th e p r o p o r t i o n
o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s w o u ld h a v e t h e o p p o s i t e e f f e c t . T h e m o v e m e n t
o f a h i g h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t o u t o f a n a r e a c o u ld c a u s e th e a v e r a g e
e a r n i n g s t o d r o p , e v e n th o u g h n o c h a n g e i n r a t e s o c c u r r e d i n o t h e r
a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t s
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
c l u d e d i n th e d a t a .
N o r a r e th e in d e x e s in flu e n c e d b y c h a n g e s in
s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e , s in c e th e y
a r e b a s e d on p a y fo r s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r s .

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a l a r i e s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly 'e a r n i n g s w e r e
c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s w e r e t h e n m u l t i p l i e d b y th e a v e r a g e o f 1 9 5 3 a n d
1 9 5 4 e m p l o y m e n t in t h e j o b .
T h e s e w e i g h t e d e a r n i n g s f o r in d i v i d u a l

In d e x e s f o r th e p e r i o d 1 9 5 3 to 1 9 5 7 f o r w o r k e r s in 1 4 m a j o r
la b o r m a r k e t s a p p e a r e d in B L S B u ll. 1 2 0 2 , W a g e s a n d R e la te d B e n e f i t s ,
17 L ab or M a r k e ts, 1 9 5 6 -5 7 .

Table 2: Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in JLos Angeles-Long Beach, C a lif.,
March 1956 and March 1957, and percent of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(February 1953 = 100)
Industry and occupational group

March
1956

March
1957

Percent increases from —
March 1957
to
March 1956

March 1956
to
March 1957

March 1955
to
March 1956

March 1954
to
March 1955

February 1953
to
March 1954

January 1952
to
February 1953

A ll industries:
O ffice cle rica l (women) __________ __ __ __
_ ___
_
Industrial nurses (women)
Skilled maintenance (men)
_
_
_ __
Unskilled plant (m e n )___ __ __________

124.4
125.5
125.7
125.8

120. 5
119. 5
119.4
119.6

3.3
5. 1
5.3
5.2

6.2*
6 .0
4. 0
5. 3

4.7
4. 3
5.6
3.4

3 .6
2. 5
3. 0
3.6

4 .6
5.4
5.5
6.0

7.2
5.7
6.2
7.9

Manufacturing:
O ffice cle rica l (women) __
Industrial nurses (women) __ __ __ ______
Skilled maintenance (men) _________________
Unskilled plant (m en )___ _

125. 5
127. 0
126.4
124. 3

120.2
120.3
119.8
117.9

4 .4
5.6
5.5
5.4

5. 8
5.3
4. 0
4 .4

4 .3
4. 3
5. 8
3.9

3.6
2. 5
2.9
3.5

5.2
6 .8
5 .8
4 .9

8. 5
5:7
6.7
7 .6




5
A : O c c u p a t i o n a l E a r n in g s
T a b l e A -1 : O f f i c e O c c u p a t i o n s
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Los A n g eles-L o n g Beach, C alif. , by industry division, March 1958)
Avebaob
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

W
eekly *35.00
earnings1
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
4 0 .0 0
W
eekly

4 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

9
9
2
7

21
18'...
3
2

-

-

9
9
*
9
-

_
-

3
3

4
4

38
7
31
>
-

$ 0 .0 0 *65 .00
6

$
$
7 0 .0 0 *75 .00 8 0 .0 0 *8 5 .0 0 *9 0 .0 0 * 9 5 .0 0 fo o .o o ? 0 5 .00 f i o .o o f 1 5 .0 0 f 2 0 .0 0
and
8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 10 0 .0 0 10 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0

Men
C lerk s, accounting, class A ______________________________
Manufacturing____________________ ___________________ _
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Public u tilities- ...
}__ ____
W holesale trade _____________________________________
Finance
____________________________________________
Motion pictures ______________________________________

923
$10
413
99
191
62
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
11 4 .5 0

-

-

C lerk s, accounting, class B ______________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

311
103
208

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 8 .0 0
7b. $0
7 8 .5 0

_
"

_
-

9 1 .5 0
91750"
9 1 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

"

-

„
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

34
34
34

4 0 .0
1 ,6 4 6
4T4- “ C i r
1,2 1 2
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
1, 121

C lerk s, order _________ ___________________________________
M anufacturing___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________
W holesale trade _ „ _ _________________________
C lerk s, payroll _____________________________________________
Manufacturing ______________ ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________ _____ ___________________
Motion pictures ______________________________________
Office boys ____________ ____________________________________
Manufacturing _
_
_
Nonm anufacturing_____ __ __________________ .__ ,._ __,
_
W holesale trade __ ___________ ____ _______...____,
Finance ■{"}■__ ____________ ___ __________ ____ ________ _
Services (excluding motion pictures) ..._________ _
Motion pictures _______________________________ . . . . . . .
Tabulating-m achine operators _______________________ . . . .
Manufacturing
_
______
N onm anufacturing______ ____________
_ ___ _
_
Public utilities t _______________________________
W holesale trade ___ _ ______ . __ ___
_
_
Finance t t ____ _ „ __ _ _____ __ _ __ ____
Motion p ic t u r e s _______ __ ______________ _____ _

349
------ I T T
134
43

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 7 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0

-

5 9 .0 0
6 3 .5 0 "
5 7 .0 0
5 9 .5 0
5 3 .0 0
5 6 .0 0
6 3 .5 0

_
_

-

-

1 .1 9 0
556"
624
102
182
228
50

—

3 9 .5
4 6 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

8 8 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 '
8 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0

_
-

_
-

w

r

-

-

-

"

-

41
14
27
22
5
-

139
31
108
17
50
35
5

101
10
91
32
40

_
-

_
-

3

-

408
95
179
56
62

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
4 0 .0

599

-

56

-

18

10
10
-

1
1
"

136
63
M S ..... “ 3 5 —
87
27
_
37
25
4
3
3
22
11
23

-

23

3
"

_
-

3

-

"
48
T 9 —
19

15
5
-

29
2
27

23
-

-

99
35
64
12
43
9
-

96
63
33
17
11
5
"

33
-14"
19

28
11
17

62
19
43

21
21
21

160

290
43
247
*99

4
4
-

4
2
2
"

53
* "3 7 —
16

65
47—
18
_
4
10
-

9
9
8

4
------ j-----

52
12
40
2
10
28
-

45
45

3
-

129
■ 97"
32
15
5
5
"
36
1T
24
407
T>9 "
338
338
67
35
31

7
------3”
4
1

-

-

-

"

3

231
"1 5 5
63
36
3
19
-

28

49
11.....
38

84
"35
29
1
12
12
4

113
62
51
31
8
2

65
58
7
_
_
7

28
11
17
10
7
_
-

40
31
9
9

9
9

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
"

-

123
24
99
63

13
13
13

67
n
56
56

30
18
12
5

38
.. 2 8 "
10
4

33
6
27
27

14
10
4
4

-

57
52—
5
_
_
5
_
-

289
55
223
223

139
15
123
123

107
72—
35
35

33
T o
13
2

36
30
6
1

25
11
14
4

31
86
1
1

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

~

-

73
20
53
5
18
13
5

60
32
28

46
T5
31

12
------ 3
9

3

233
119
“ 31— ■ m
88
114
13
20
41
24
48
40
1
-

173
145
42
82
5
1

287
139
128
26
59
25
8

_

10
9
5

2
15
14

13
----- 5—
8

9

-

9

-

6

.

-

-

5

6

>

_
-

Women
B ille r s, machine (billing machine) _ ____
_.
___
______
. . . .
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
__ _
. . .
__ _
W holesale trade __ . . .
—
B ille r s, machine (bookkeeping machine) __
Manufacturing _ ___
___ __
_. —
Nonmanufacturing _
_ __ _ _ _

-

_
_.
_ _ _ _

954
169
785
143

4 0 .0
4 0 .0 •
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

67. 00
68. 50
67. 00
75. 50

.
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

159

.

39. 5
3 9 .5 "
3 9 .5

71. 50

“ 71750"

_
-

_
-

68. 50

"

_
_

------75“
84

56

96
74

4

178
20
158
18

22
-

39
7
32
15

99
3
96
32

13

22

24

-

44
T 3 -----

13

21

6
16

35
24

165
29
136
34

259
29
230

_
-

18

-

■

18

-

22

2

11

26
------ 6 " “

20
5
1

1

36
1
35
35

.
-

*

See footnote at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




NOTE:

Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for department sto res; the rem ainder of retail trade is
appropriately represented in data for a ll industries combined and for nonmanufacturing. "M otion p ictu res" refers
to m otion-picture production establishm ents (Group 7811) and m otion-picture service industries (Group 7 8 ?l)
as defined in the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual (1949 edition) prepared by the Bureau of the Budget.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

"

-

-

“

“

-

1

_
_

1

_
-

_

_
-

1

1

‘

-

-

6

T a b le A -1 : O f f i c e O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
in L os A n g e le s-L o n g Beach, C alif. , by industry division , M arch 1958)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N me
u br
—L o
ww

Aea b
vbq
$
$
$
$
W ly W ly j 35.00 40.00 45.00 50.00
eek
eek
_
(S n a d (S n a d under
ta d r ) ta d r )
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00

N M E O W R E S R C IV G S R IG T IM W E LY E R IN S O —
U B R F O K R E E IN T A H -T E E K
AN G F
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 $95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 f 20.00
"
"
and
65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

$

55.00
60.00

Women - Continued
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A
Manufacturing _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _ _______ _
Wholesale trade
_____

605
269
336
163

40.0
40.6
40.0
40.0

81.50
82.50
81.00
83.50

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B _
Manufacturing
_____
............ .
.......
Nonmanufacturing_________________________________
Wholesale trade ________________________________
Finance t t _ __ _________ __ _______ __________
_ _
_
Services (excluding motion pictures)___________

3,614
565
3,109
222
2,646
103

40.0
46.6
40.0
39.5
40.0
38.5

62.00
76.50
59.50
72.00
57.50
66.50

Clerks, accounting, class A __________________________
Manufacturing __
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _
Public utilities f _____ ____
__ —
Wholesale trade ________________________________
Finance tt __ _____ - ___
Services (excluding motion pictures)
Motion pictures __

1.993
967
1,026
174
195
239
240
56

40.0
46.6
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0

84.00
85.50
82.50
83.50
79.50
75.50
81.50
110.50

Clerks, accounting, class B __ _________________ __
3,671
Manufacturing________________________________________________________ 1,420
Nonmanufacturing
___ _
2,251
694
Public utilities t ________________________________________________
Wholesale trade ________________________________________________
397
717
Finance f t ___ - ___
— _____ ____________________
Services (excluding motion pictures)_______________ '
271

39.5
46.6
39.5
40.0
40.0
38.5
38.0

70.00
72.06
68.50
73.00
71.00
61.00
67.00

Clerks, file, class A _________________________________________________
Manufacturing
_
_
Nonmanufacturing
____
_ ___ ___ __ ____ _ _
Wholesale trade
_
_ _ _ _
Financett - _______________

490
115
377
65
239

39.0
46 . 6
39.0
40.0
38.5

67.50
74.50
65.00
77.00
59.50

Clerks, file, class B
___ __
_
Manufacturing_________________ ___________________
Nonmanufacturing
__ ___
___ __ __ __
Public utilities t - - - Wholesale trade ________________________________
Financ ett — — — —
— —— — —
___ ______ _________
Services (excluding motion pictures)
__ _
_

3.675
756
2,919
161
280
1,987
362

39.0
"-■40 ; o '
38.5
40.0
40.. 0
38.0
40.0

55.00
"66.^0“
52.00
68.50
58.50
49.50
52.50

Clerks, order
692
39.5
Manufacturing_____________________________________ — m r ”"4070 "
Nonmanufacturing
_
_ _
__
352
39.5
Wholesale trade ...
__
39.0
218

75.50
■ .OO”"
75
76.50
84.00

Clerks, payroll
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
_
_ _
Public utilitiest________________________________
Wholesale trade
Finance tt
____
Services (excluding motion pictures) .
Motion pictures____
_
_
____
__
______

40.0
78.50
1.455
*T15”' ■-45.TT “7875'(T"
79.00
640
39.5
53
40.0
83.00
83.50
65
39.5
78.00
121
39.5
74.00
214
39.5
40.0 104.00
42

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

2
2
-

79
34
45
-

24
1
23
21

155
81
74
19

162
61
101
68

85
39
17— T O
22
45
7
30

44
24
20
18

_
_
_
-

15
11
4
-

831
831

-

154
154
154
-

830
1

807
23
784
23
758
1

760
58
702
23
628
42

339
26
313
52
175
35

288
111
177
55
73
-

177
90
87
33
26
24

144
123
21
4
2
-

39
32
7
4
-

36
8
28
28
_
-

35
34
1
_
-

1
1
_
-

3
3
_
_

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

4
4
-

32
2
30
.

-

_

_

_
_

2

4

-

_

273
78
195
43
19
10
55
3

_
_

_

477
”372
105
20
1
27
26
1

1
1

_

482
280
202
42
66
35
49
-

12
3
9

_
-

305
107"
198
38
46
75
34
-

58
32
26

_

142
43
99
25
9
25
40
-

61
44
17

-

115
6
109
2
45
32
24
-

_
.

_
_

439
2o6
233
211
5

97
T —
48

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
2
-

_

22

33

139

765
282
483
76
69
271
56

835
T3—
551
158
135
102
116

82

73
40
33
1
28

_
_

_
_

-

22
-

33

116
2

216
56
160
34
3
91
30

_

_

6

70

83

-

_

-

-

6

70

83

_

_

_
-

-

-

22

33

-

-

14

306

-

-

14

306

_
_

_
_

14
-

306
_

_

_

6

_

33
725
78
_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
-

_
_

-

139
16
_

-

-

77

82
18
38

66
647
209

497
no
387
28
44
226
53

282
93—
189
34
87
53
9

26
— s—
18
-

45
27
18
“

30
30
10

_
_
-

40
4
36
-

125
74
51
4

70

983
904
— 9— T o —
933
895

-

.

_

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

.

-

2
24

18
29

“

”

See footnote at end of table.
| Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f f Finance, insurance, and real estate.




-

'

'

512
529
T S 3 — 75S
241
279
101
98
80
79
54
28
26
28
39
ll
28
10
12

59
39
20
2
6

308
34
329
~Z7S— T R — ---- 1
---85
65
33
10
61
26
_
46
2
_
_
16
13
154
74
80
14

46
45
1
1

197
~m —
76
1
7
6
30

192
116
76
1
1
17
33

_

'

_

_
_
_

_

5

_

9
18
9
9

_

-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

„
>
_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
.
_
_
-

23
23
4

6
6

_
_

_
_
_

10
8

9

1

_

2

5

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
>
_

-

-

2

5

_
_
_

_
_

19

6

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

41
19
22
16
-

11

3

1

4

_

_

_

-

16

18
4
14
12
_

_

_

_
_
_

.
_
_
_

-

-

"

20
6
14
14
163
93
70
12
19
8
12

-

11
5
2

2
-------4 ------ ---- 2—
12
_
2
2

123
129
T5— To—
38
59
56
32
235
140
95
4
12
26
32

_

26

59
n—
46

_

4
1

_

257
156
101
22
9
22
25
5

-

-

3

1

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

_

.
_
_
_

_

_
.
_

_
_
_
_

.
.
_

-

-

-

-

79
4
75
72

33
18
15
15

5
3
2
2

110
36
74
7
14
3
21
11

89
60
29

_

-

3
17
4
2

2
-

-

.

_
_
-

_
_
.
_

_
-

2
2

-

-

19
9
10

_

11

5
1
4

-

-

-

-

-

_

2

_

_

_

4
1

-

-

8

12
— 5—
7
2

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

-

11

4

7

T a b le A -1 : O f f i c e O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s £ o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h ,

C a li f . , b y in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n ,

N M E O W R E S R C IV G S R IG T IM W E LY E R IN S O —
U B R F O K R E E IN T A H -T E E K
AN G F

A vsraob
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

N me
u br
of
wr e s
okr

and in d u stry d iv is io n

$
3 5 .0 0
and
under

We ly
ek
W
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T a b l e A -1 : O f f i c e O c c u p a t i o n s - C o n t i n u e d
{A v e ra g e

s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s i s
in L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M a r c h 1 9 5 8 )

Avebaob
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

W om en -

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_

Number
of
workers

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

_

_____

- _
. ...

___

_______________

-

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-

(e x c lu d in g m o t io n p ic t u r e s )

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ________________ _____ _____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __________
_________________________________
F i n a n c e t t ________

—

_______

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_
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W h o le s a le tr a d e
F in a n c e

_____

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-

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gen eral

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T y p is ts , c la s s A
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M a n u fa c tu r in g
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___
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___ ______
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __ __ _________
____
_____
F in a n ce
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n p ic t u r e s )

_

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tt

M o tio n p ic t u r e s _
T y p is ts , c la s s B
M a n u fa c tu r in g

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...
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s f _________________________
------

f t _ _ __

. ............. ........

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F in a n c e
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1

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N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

S e r v ic e s

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME W EEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly .
earnings
(Standard)

C o n tin u e d

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th e

-

9
3
6

e a r n in g s

6
19
8

609
496
113
26
33
32

552
518
34

10
16

19

correspon d

_

71
4
67

-

55

_

106
91
15
3

_
-

20
4
16

-

-

.

78
T5—
60
-

45
33—
12
4
4

2

-

2

39

15

21

-

21

■ _
-

_

6

7

to

th e se

w e e k ly

h o u rs,

13

48
— n —
31
16
5

_
_
19

I 15
9
_
9

.
-

16
6
10
5
2

_
-

14
_

-

-

1
_
1
_
-

_
_

_
_
-

!
----?--- ---- 1
_
---_
.
_
"
_
_
-

3
_
3
_

1

_
_

4

-

_

_

_
_
_
_
_

_
.
_
_
_
_
-

_

_
.
.
.
.

_
_
_
_
_
.
_
_
.

-

-

9

T a b le A - 2 :
(A v e r a g e

P r o fe s s io n a l a n d T e c h n ic a l O c c u p a t io n s

s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
in L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M a r c h 1 9 5 8 )

N M E O W R E S R C IV G S R IG T IM W E LY E R IN S O —
U B R F O K R E E IN T A H -T E E K
AN G F

A verage

N me
u br

o c c u p a tio n ,

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

e
rf

We ly
ek
W ly.
eek
hu
o rs1 e r in s
an g
(S n a d (S n a d
ta d r ) ta d r )

M en

$
6 5 .0 0
and
under

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

$
9 5 .0 0

$
1 0 0 .0 0

$
1 0 5 .0 0

n o . oo

1 * 1 5 .0 0

1 * 2 0 .0 0

1 * 2 5 .0 0

1 * 3 0 .0 0

$
1 3 5 .0 0

$
1 4 0 .0 0

1 * 4 5 .0 0

$
1 5 0 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

Sex,

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

.9 5 ,0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0

1 4 5 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0

over

_

_

_

_

"

~

39
39

58
43

11
8

14
12

47
n

161
118
43

197
1 3d

56

77

9
47

27
50

-

74
72“
2

-

-

-

-

and

q
*

D r a f t s m e n , l e a d e r ____________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________

233
177

D r a f t s m e n , s e n i o r __________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s -J-______________________________________________

2 .2 1 6
1 ,8 8 8
328
56

D r a f t s m e n , j u n i o r ____________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________

_

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0

-

40
40
40
40

1 1 1 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0

1
1
1

-

8 5 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

31
24

1
1

_

_

-

-

233
215
18
3

247

-

7

~

"

-

1

3 34
T 4

58
57

163
“ ToO

270

"256

146
131

3 10

1

3

10

15

83
68
15

9 3 .5 0
9 4 .0 6

853
4 0 .0
--------7 3 9 " " "4 0 7 1 5 —
114
4 0 .0

-

69
6l
8

1 0 0 .5 0

.0
.0
.0
.0

_

5
5

66

-

52
45

129
"T 2 2

12

7

7

_
-

347
342
5
4

249
233
16

142

9

259
"2 3 7
22
13

12
6
6

“ 235
11
1

“

_
“

_

_

-

-

6
6

25
25—
-

_

_
3
3

2 58
-------

55“

13

59
5

69
33
36
5

38
8
30

24

_

_

_

_

_

_

24

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

”

“

"

"

“

139
3
1

-

—

W om en
N u r s e s , i n d u s t r i a l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) _________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________

1
2
3

517
------- 4 5 2 “
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 9 .5 0

~

17
5

60
6

S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e 't h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s :
1 5 a t $ 1 5 0 t o $ 1 6 0 ; 8 a t $ 1 6 0 to $ 1 7 0 ; 2 4 a t $ 1 7 0 to
In c lu d e s 5 w o r k e r s a t $ 6 0 to $ 6 5 .

NOTE:

182
16?
15

~

32
28—

23
T5—
8

4

s a l a r i e s a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
$ 1 8 0 ; 11 a t $ 1 9 0 to $ 2 0 0 .

7
6
1

to

th e se

w e e k ly

h ou rs.

D a ta fo r n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g d o n o t in c lu d e in f o r m a t io n fo r d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ; th e r e m a i n d e r o f r e t a i l t r a d e is
a p p r o p r i a t e l y r e p r e s e n t e d in d a t a f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d a n d f o r n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g . " M o t i o n p i c t u r e s " r e f e r s
to m o t i o n - p i c t u r e
p r o d u c tio n e s t a b li s h m e n t s
(G r o u p 7 8 1 1 ) a n d m o t io n -p ic t u r e
s e r v ic e in d u s tr ie s
(G r o u p 7 8 2 1 )
as

d e fin e d

in

th e

S ta n d a rd

T a b le
(A v e ra g e

In d u s tr ia l

A -3 :

C la s s ific a t io n

M anual

M a in t e n a n c e a n d

(1 9 4 9

e d itio n )

prepared

by

th e

B u reau

o f th e

B u d g e t.

P o w e r p la n t O c c u p a t io n s

s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M a r c h 1 9 5 8 )
NUMBER OF WORKEB8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

982
722
260
31
36

C a r p e n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ______ „
__ -----------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________
P u b lic u t ilitie s f
_
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ________ ____________________________
E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e _________
___________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_
____
________

„

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s $
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ____________
____ _________ _

S e e fo o tn o te a t en d o f t a b le .
■f T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) ,




2 ,2 8 2
1 ,9 2 8
354
135
127

$

$

$

$

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

$

$

$

$

$

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 . 10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 . 10

3 .2 0

3 . 30

3 .4 0

3 . *»0

3 .5 0
and

-

26
4
22
-

23
8
15
-

88
71
17
5

102
102
-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

2 .8 1

_

_

_

6

70

2 .7 9
2 .9 1
2 .8 5
3 .2 2

-

-

-

120
115

-

-

-

4
2

20
18

“

p u b lic

$

$

S

2 .6 0

1
1
-

o th e r

$

2 .5 0

-

and

$

^
o

_

1 .9 0
and
under
2 .0 0

M

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .6 5
“ 2 .6 0
2 .8 1
2 .5 8
3 .2 2

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

NOTE:

$

$
U nder

Ul
o

Average,
hourly 1
earnings

tsj

Number
of

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

-

“

2
2
"

49
21
-

5
1
"

217
189
28
7

153
133
20
19

184
163

208
146

21

62

11
~

19

“

207
l8 3
24
_

~
512

—

35
n
22
_

11

11
8
3
_

40
_

65
>

i
_

40
_

65
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

36

-

-

-

695
688

1
1
_
_

173

20

55

-

—

nr-

7

184
92
92

-

4

91

34
22
12
7

~

“

“

“

"569
3

u tilitie s .

D a ta fo r n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g d o n o t in c lu d e i n f o r m a t io n f o r d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ; th e r e m a i n d e r o f r e t a i l t r a d e is
a p p r o p r ia t e ly r e p r e s e n t e d in d a ta f o r a l l in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d a n d f o r n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g . "M o t io n p i c t u r e s " r e f e r s
to m o t i o n -p i c t u r e
p ro d u c tio n e s t a b lis h m e n t s (G r o u p 7 8 1 1 ) a n d m o t i o n -p i c t u r e
s e r v ic e in d u s t r ie s
(G r o u p 7 8 2 1 )
as
d e f i n e d i n t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l ( 1 9 4 9 e d i t i o n ) p r e p a r e d b y th e B u r e a u o f t h e B u d g e t .

— 46—

_

127
_

_

-

-

3
_

_
_

127

3
w

— 26— — 55“
-

10

T a b le

A -3 :

M a in t e n a n c e a n d

P o w e r p la n t O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif. , by industry division, March 1958)
N UM BER OF W 0R KE B8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n a n d i n d u s t r y d iv is io n

E n g in e e r s,

s t a t i o n a r y ____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_
_
S e r v i c e s ( e x c l u d i n g m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ) ______
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s _________________________
_________

760
$26
235
126
28

Average,
hourly 1

$
2 .7 3
2 .7 8
2 .6 4
2 .4 4
3 .2 2

K 90
under
2 .0 0
_

156
151
5
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

______________

_____

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

_

438
438

549
~549

191
191

21
21

6
6

_

15
15

_

_

-

105
i6 6

_

-

91
91

_

_

_

488
481
7
7

162
161
1
-

99
86
13
13

119
119
-

_

-

331
325
6
4

15
15
-

-

43
38
5
3

_

-

69
69
-

104

-

14
12
2
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1
1
_

7
7
-

40
23
17
17
-

46

151
3l
120
71
41
2

104
36
68
35
21

613
8l
532
451
_

1415
103

206

118

153
53
16
11

21
97
-

-

6

-

120

352
349
3
3

442
431
11
7

565
520
45

-

_

2 .4 9
2 .6 1

P i p e f i t t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ___
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_

585

2 .7 9

P lu m b e r s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa c tu r in g _
_ „
M o tio n p ic tu r e s

_

_

_

_
_

______ —
______
__________

___

— 575“ 1 7 7 9 “
268

25

S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s ,
M a n u fa c tu r in g

m a i n t e n a n c e ....

T o o l an d d ie m a k e r s
M a n u fa c tu r in g

_

___

_______

____ ___

2 .6 9
2 .6 3
3 .2 2

151
145

„

2 .7 9
2 .7 7

3 .1 7 5
3 , 166

2 .8 8
2 .8 6

— mr~

_

_

-

-

10
36
20
_

-

1

7

-

6

_

_

25
25
-

31
3l
-

-

26
25
1
1

-

12
1

_

_

_

_

HUB

-

1312
1295
5

-

69
20

-

-

_

_

22
20

8

20

76
76

375

-

_

19

_

«
.

_

-

-

-

-

-

8
2

6
4

63

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

_

_

_

-

“

-

8
8

_

_

_

■

“

“

46
46

-

-

_
-

“

-

22
22

-

-

_
_

_

27
b
21
.

-

_
-

41
38
3
-

-

_
-

-

106

' 54

1 7 5 -----

_
-

_

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

9
-

16
-

_

_

9
-

.1 6
_

_
_
_

.
_
_

_
«.

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

49
47

4
4

32
32

_

4
-

12
12

_

-

5
5

25
25

18
18

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
13

51
51

8
8

22
22

3
3

1
1

51

99
99

972

1165
1165

172

_

-

40
40

51-----

-

8
8
.
_

31
3 1 ........
_
_

99
99

70

3
_
_

_

118
86
32
26
4

6
4

_
-

-

140
l3 ?
3

2
2

_

_

151

_

-

_

-

25
4
21
2

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

6
6

_

6

3
3

-

_

4
_
_

-

57
56

1
2

20
_
_

_

-

-

6
_
_

_
_
_

3
-

-

22
22

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

101
101

82
82

-

4
-

196
196

-

139
12
7
3

35
20
-

-

148
146

"

6
-

19
19

“

49
11
38
1
20

-

-

163
163
1
1
-

-

4
4
_
_

68
68
-

-

-

59—
35
-

7

59

“ 59—

—

16
16
-

-

-

-

30
3o
-

174
l0 6
68
68

28
------- Z
B

20
13
7
_

-

319
1 1 7
2
1

30
18

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts,
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




_

-

-

_

_

.

31

_

_

_

15

_

-

16
16

18

_

-

-

-

2 .5 5
2 .5 4
2 .5 7

28

-

_

722
544
178
37
66

-

4
4

-

2 .7 5

— 554“

-

63
63
_
_

-

-

P a i n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ___________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___
.
_____________________
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_
__ _________
____
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s | ___ __ _ ______ ______
S e r v i c e s ( e x c l u d i n g m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ) ______

6
_
6
6
-

-

-

2 .1 5
2 .1 5

28
_
28
_

_

-

“ 2 .7 5 ""

49
36
13
13

6
6

-

587

over

12
8

-

_

3 .5 0

20
20

2 .6 1
2 .6 0
2 .7 1
2 .8 2

O ile r s
M a n u fa c tu r in g

-

18
---------5—

and

3 .4 0

122
69
33

2 .6 1
2 .6 3
2 .6 1
2 .6 0
2 .6 2
2 .6 5

349
33?

91
1
-

3 . 30

15
15

2 . 138

__

92

2
32
-

3 .2 0

864
862

2 ,7 5 8
475
2 ,2 8 3
1 ,9 0 5
147
55

M illw r ig h ts
_
_
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________ _____________

-

34

3 . 10

3 . 50

-

15

1 .4 7 4
1 , 4 0 5”

1 .9 9 6 '"
142
81

55
“ 3 7 -------18
6

3 .0 0

$
3 .4 0

104
102
2

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b lic u t ilitie s
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s __

.

21
-

2 .9 0

$
3 . 30
“

-

15

-

_

96
75—

2 .8 0

$
3 .2 0

143
93
50
45

2 .7 1
2 . ?1

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
W h o le s a le tr a d e

$
3 . 10

-

1 ,4 1 6
1 ,4 X 6 ""

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s -J-_____________________________ _____
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ____________________________________
S e r v i c e s ( e x c l u d i n g m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ) ______

$
3 .0 0

76
52
24
24

M a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m __________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
______

(m a in te n a n c e )

—

$
2 .9 0

-

1
-

-

$
2 .8 0

364
353
11
2

6

9
3

a u to m o tiv e

2 .7 0

50
43
5
-

85
77
8
1

M e c h a n ic s,

2 .6 0

63
15
48
47

-

69
27
35

2 .5 0

2 .7 0

-

24
-

50
41

_ _

2 .4 0

$

■

24
24

2 .5 1

_

2 . 30

2 .6 0

-

6
4

2 .2 8
"1 7 2 8
2 .2 3
2 . 17

_

.— 2l* 2 0

$

* 2 .5 0

6
-

81

f ___________________

2 . 10

$
-

$ 2 .4 0
-

2 . 30

"

2
-

128

2 .8 0
' 2 . 7 9 ....
2 .9 9
2 .8 1
3 .2 2

$
2 .2 0

2
2

1 ,8 0 8
1 ,6 6 9
139
75

$
2 . 10

-

s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r ___ __ __ ______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________________

2 .4 0

2 .0 0

14
14
14

H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a i n t e n a n c e ____
_____
____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
__ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s f ____________________________________

F ir e m e n ,

$

$

$
U nder
$
1 .9 0

_
-

.12
12

“

339
339

251
26l

62
62

6

_

_

-

-

“

-

26
26

2
2

_

_

9

“

“

"

-

2

2

--------- —
-

180
180

11

T a b le A - 4 :

C u s to d ia l a n d

M a te r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a t io n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., by industry division, March 1958)
N UM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of

O c c u p a tio n 1 a n d in d u s tr y d i v is io n

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s ,

p a s s e n g e r (m e n )

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

_

322
310
125
152

____________________________________

F i n a n c e f t ___________ — ________
— _______
S e r v i c e s ( e x c l u d i n g m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ) _____
E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i r .g

(w o m en )

485
455
224
122

F i n a i c e f t ____________ ___________ ______ _______
S e r v i c e s ( e x c l u d i n g m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ) _____
G uards
_____________ ____________________ ___________ ___
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

_

_

_

_

2 ,7 9 2
2, 176"
616
61
151

_

P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s - ) - __________________________________
F i n a n c e j f ___ ___________
_______________ ___
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ___________________________________
J a n ito r s , p o r te r s ,
M a n u fa c tu r in g

an d c le a n e r s (m en ) _
......... ...

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b lic u t i lit i e s !

___________________

__

_____

W h o le s a le tr a d e

Average
hourly z U n d e r
earnings
$
1 .2 0
$
1 .4 5
1 .4 ? ”
1 .4 9
1 .3 3
1 .4 2
1 .4 0
1 .4 9
1 . 17
2 . 15
2 . 17
2 . 07
2 . 01
1 .7 1

27 5

1 .7 4
H W
1 .6 1
1 .8 4
1 .8 5
1 .5 0
1 .5 6
2 . 01

F i n a n c e ! ! ___________________________________________
S e r v i c e s ( e x c l u d i n g m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ) _____
M o tio n p ic tu r e s
... ............

1 ,3 6 2
3 , 109
240

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ( w o m e n ) _______
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
...

2 ,7 0 1
386
2 ,3 1 5
967
1, 152
104

1 .3 9
1 .4 4
2 . 01

9 , 159
3 , 2 '5 4
5 ,9 0 5
1 ,6 3 3
2 , 174

2 . 09
i . 04
2 . 11
2 . 17
2 .2 2

O r d e r f i l l e r s ______
_ __ __ __ ___________ __ ___
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ ______
__ __ ______ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
______________________
_______
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______
____ ______ _____

3 ,2 9 8
622
2 ,6 7 6
1, 5 9 7

2 . 12

P a c k e r s , s h ip p in g (m e n )
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ ____ „
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
W h o le s a le t r a d e
____

1 ,2 4 6
4n
773

F i n a n c e ! ! ____________________________________________
S e r v i c e s ( e x c l u d i n g m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ) _____
M o tio n p ic tu r e s
__________________________________
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b lic u tilitie s !
W h o le s a le t r a d e

_

. ._

_

__
_
--------______

_

___

739

P a c k e r s , s h ip p in g (w o m e n )
M a n u fa c tu r in g
______
R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ____
M a n u fa c tu r in g
„
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
W h o le s a le tr a d e

...

_
_

321
-------- 2 5 8 “

_ ...... .
_____ „
_______ , _________
----------- _

1 ,2 4 0
b fi
597
296

1 .4 9
1 .1 7
1 .4 5

$

$

1 .2 0
and
under
1 .3 0

$

$

$

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 . 00

$
2 . 10

1 .4 0

__L l -0 —
.5

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 . 00

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

57
57
-

8
8
-

28

57

8

95
95
-

58
54
-

32
32
27

.80

104
To?
93
3
52
52
49

23
23
12
1

59
59
4
55

28
16
16
“

149
149
148

69
69
-

11
-

$

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

over

16
-

15
-

237
153
------ I f T ~ ~ ~ 2 Z S

21
35

12
7
5

-

-

2065
1017
1048
204
25
47
104

1040

1

16

13

2
25

-

-

-

-

-

474

135
41
88
-

1086
73
1013
12
-

2321
28 i

971
3 2 lT

756
127

2040
54
46
476
1414

645
67
41
27
450

-

-

-

-

-

1328
216
------- I f — ---------5 1
1304
185
441
13
849
142

42
28
14
-

67
35
32
-

114
114
_

32

-

101
101
-

-

-

-

606
71
---------- 7 T — 3 9 1
2 13
-

1056
id s
951
-

9
-

-

34
-

520
TZ
498

56

99
6
93
67
26

-

“

10
-

_

446
47

_

32
------------5 “
26
-

61
56
5
-

-

-

-

21

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

94
-----------j —

1 :9 5
2 . 16
2 . 14

55
55

-

39

2 . 03
2 .0 3
2 .0 3
2 .0 3

_

_
-

5
-

_

-

5
5

5

-

-

-

i
-

-

1 .8 5

_

_

_

1791

-

-

-

_

10
-

10
■

_

53

1493
7 9 T
695
36
78
17
543

-

82
20

35
-------- 2 5
9
9

-------7 2 -----n

-

65
23
42
42

1
0

46

9

2

-

5
-

8
-

3
-

5

8

3

2 -----------*
1
42

~

“

■

"

3

46

42

-

3
6




-

-

268
-

—

-

-

.
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

548
280

-

-

-

-

502
942
“ " 4 7 1 ..... ------- S S 5 “
76
31
31
-

..

-

-

-

-

47
40
f U ~ --------TO
1
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

268

1

-

-

-

-

64

40

2

-

-

33
31
-

4o
-

7

-

-

-

19
-

9

9
15

2
-

19
-

-

239

1

-

-

-

-

128
23
105
-

.

.

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

1378
1044
6 6 6 ... s f f —
534
438
3
13
36
390

2379
1 19
1660
1205
121

477
— 57—

96
40
56
56

—

321
40
42
-

410
394

113
360
* r ~ — 92—

58
58

268
268

f98~

-

19
-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

1776
242
1534
412
981

487
rso
387
-

8
8
-

64
64
-

74

_

32
42
42

113
8
105
105

-

1304
208
1096
530

300
36
264
232

436
-

-

_

_

436
137

89
26

n o
105

-

-

-

-

533
266
267
243

54
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

346

54
54

-

91
------------ 2 -

110
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

"

284
123
161

301

139

51

232
70
162
16

99

56

4
4

-

-

-

198

52

-

—

S o ~
19
19

77

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.
NOTE:

-

173
170
3
3
-

1365
"T o il

68
68

~

-

-

55
55

8
- --------- 8—
-

-

104

146
163
43
43

-

,

_

. 673
571
102
41
51
-

899
141
67
64
-

132

189
------ 1 5 4
35
15

-

-

-

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
27
26

_

-

136
4o
96

3
105

_

-

-

297

_

-

88
34
54
-

"

2 .5 0

-

3

2 . 15

2 .4 0

_

64
30
34

-

2 .8 0

2 .3 0

_

-

2.22

2 .7 0

-

15
-

-

$

$
2 .6 0

-

-

-

$
2 .5 0

11
2
-

16
-

84
-

$
2 .4 0

-

-

9
465
1

$
2 .3 0

8
2
-

4
-

302
-

$
2 .2 0

6
6
-

_

3 02
-

$

-

39

-

$

_

9
9
-

.

10
-

2.21
2.21”

$

and

328
28
-

2 .3 0

1 2 ,2 2 3
5 ,3 1 0
6 ,9 1 3
524
360

$

Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for department stores; the remainder of retail trade is
appropriately represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing. "Motion pictures" refers
to motion-picture production establishments (Group 7811) and motion-picture service industries (Group 7821)
as defined in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual (1949 edition) prepared by the Bureau of the Budget.

80
60

20
17

20
1
2
8

3

72
72
“

2
-

2
2

.

11

8

3
3

12

T a b le A - 4 :
(A v e ra g e

C u s to d ia l a n d M a t e r i a l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d

s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . ,- b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M a r c h 1 9 5 8 )

NUM BER OF WO&KEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n 1 an d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n

Average
hourly
U nder
earnings 2
$
1 .2 0
$
2 .2 3

M a n u fa c tu r in g _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b lic u tilitie s |
W h o le s a le t r a d e

_____

_

_

_

_
___

__

_

__

_
_

2 , 359
535

M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ___
T r u c k d r i v e r s , l i g h t (u n d e r l 1/ * t o n s ) _________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ __ ______ __ _
_ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__
__ __
___
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ____
T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m
in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b lic u t ilitie s ^
W h o le s a le t r a d e
T r u c k d r iv e r s ,
t r a ile r ty p e )

(lV a
„

__________

_

_

_

_

_ ___
_
__ __ ___
__________ 1
__________________

h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s ,
_ __
_
„

2, 820
930
1, 8 9 0
941
430

__

P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s | __________ W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________________
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (fo r k lift) _
M a n u fa c tu r in g
__ __
__
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_
P u b lic u tilitie s f
_
_ .

4 ,2 7 9
"ir it r
2, 848
1 ,6 7 1
930

_ _

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s ,
o th e r th a n t r a i l e r t y p e )
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ __
____ __ „
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________

1, 5 8 5
---------* 5 5 “
1, 1 3 0
381
631

- -

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k lift )
M a n u fa c tu rin g
_ _

_

_
-------------

. ...... -----__ ......... _

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
______ __
__
_
F in a n c e f t — S e r v i c e s ( e x c l u d i n g m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ) _____

1
2
3
4
5
6
f
ft

2 . 05
2 .2 1
2 .0 8

2 .3 3
2 .4 2
2 .2 9
2 .2 8
2 .3 4

2 .4 4
2 .5 3
2 .3 9
2 .3 1
2 .3 8

2 .4 5
" 2 A Y
2 .4 6
2 .3 1
2 . 53

3 ,4 4 0
2 ,6 6 5
775
194
238

__

W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __________________________________

W a tch m e n
M a n u fa c tu r in g

2 . 14

1 .7 0

1. 8 0

1 .9 0

1 .9 0

* 2 .0 0

9 2 . 10

* 2 .2 0

* 2 .3 0

* 2 .4 0

* 2 .5 0

* 2 .6 0

* 2 . 70

* 2 . 80

2 .0 0

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2 . 30

2 .4 0

2 . 50

2 .6 0

2 . 70

2 . 80

over

128

110

15
113
79

62
48
6

160
150
10

151
103
48

and

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
-

-

5
5

6
4
2
2

-

.

_

-

-

-

'

1
-

197

32
23

1

9
9

1

189
8
8

103
64
39
39

86
26
60
60

8
-

1
-

8
8

1
1

105
30
75
63

-

-

53

-

-

-

-

25
28
28

1326
1079
242

935
367
568
27
413

1632
878
754
393

1589
287
1302
-

-

-

99
-

693
535

136
1*
123
123

40
36
4

185
185

4
4
-

"

-

-

-

-

805
632
173
173

383

-

-

144

29
21
226
125
101
8

287
94
193
-

574
315

119
-

91

191

259
74
158

-

-

-

129
2
127

100
70
30
28

66

119
84
35
16

227
1*5
92

229
138

1958

354

265

316
38
1
32

60
205
155

136
68
68
-

23

22
4
265
96

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

-

22
-

-

28
23
5
5
-

76

-

22
-

62
14
6
-

Ill
23
88
7
14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
-

-

22

25
23
2

74
62
12

47

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23
24
14

-

-

3
-

-

60
-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

-

60
-

-

-

-

-

78
50
28
-

169
10

119

52

62
4
2

92
52
35

-

48

3952
532
3420
2916

1949
623

339
-

-

47
23
24
24

113
13
100
2

22
-

_

—

2 .2 4
2 .2 0
2 .3 4
2 .3 3
2 .3 4

801
5 W

2 .2 2
2 . 14

899

1 .8 2

------ 5 7 5 ” ---- T T T
283
111
88

1 .6 3
1 .4 9
1 .5 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

54
73
-------i l “ “ ----------- 5 “
65
10
2
63
-

95

256
60
196
-

16
11
5

2
2
192
186
6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

149
7

28
161

40

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

8
8

41
41

203
203

76
76

194
194

66

24
l6
8
2

128
122
6

50
32
18

96
93
3

-

-

-

3

22

39
33
6

180

— IT T "
59
42
12

56
25
31
2
3

65

------ J T ~ ----- 5 ?
29
6
23

-

32
12

338
103
235
102

-

105
66

-

-

252

153
125
28

-

28
14
4

-

"

739
487

-

29

12
12

496
446
50

72
72

-

---------f -

‘ 132
132

490
3 07
183
1
74

-

-

30
-

16
16

124
124
-

-

-

30
8

16
4

93
93
-

-

741
726
15
15

3
-

-

-

-

30
30
-

3
-

318

-

-

2
2
-

_

-

50
26
24

-

-

-

400
50
350

267
2
265
216

-

-

-

130
78
52
-

188
102
86
80
6

126

_

-

-

84
24
60
60

-

-

_

-

-

126
-

-

_

-

*192
186
6
-

635
208
427

-

-

200
28
172
-

636
82
554
516
38

_

-

-

269
98
171
129

77

48
47
1
1
-

-

-

-

499
162
337
35
99

63

126
-

1
1
-

91
-

-

-

-

135
248
245

66
1892
1492
295

32
63
-

-

D a ta lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s , e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e an d fo r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te s h ifts .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 0 . 9 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1.
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e an d ty p e o f tr u c k o p e r a te d .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s :
8 0 a t $ 2 . 8 0 to $ 3 ; 112 a t $ 3 to $ 3 . 2 0 .
A ll w o r k e r s w e re a t $ 2 . 80 to $ 2 . 9 0 .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i li t i e s ,
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .




*

to a n d

_

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ ______ „
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
__ __
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s f ______
W h o le s a le t r a d e

1, 1 7 4
514
660
3 02

1 .6 0

-

2 .3 6
2 .3 8
2 .3 5
2 . 30
2 .3 6
2 .6 1

___________
_

1 .5 0
_

1 2 ,0 9 4
3 ,6 7 1
8 ,4 2 3
4 , 525

______

_ _

1 .4 0

-

2 .2 6

W h o le s a le tr a d e

* 1 .8 0

_

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s 4

* 1 .7 0

-

2 .2 4
2 .2 2
2 .3 4

* 1 .6 0

_

802
438
364
201

__

$1. 50

-

S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____

* 1 .4 0

_

740
417
323
242

_______________________
_ ____
_ _ ___
____
__ _______

1 .3 0

* ..3 0

-

S h i p p i n g c l e r k s ___ _
______ __
_ __ _____ _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______ ____ _____ __
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______
________

~ ~ r : r r
2 .3 1
2 .3 0

$ 1 .2 0
and
under

12
4
8

“

6

389
38

49

70
"2 T ~

17

17

1

-

464
173
291
25
258

-

-

-

39

“

■

■

“

18
16

"

32
32

-

~

-

-

-

~




13
B:

E s ta b lis h m e n t

P r a c tic e s

T a b le

and

B -l:

S u p p le m e n ta r y

S h ift

W age

P r o v is io n s

D iffe r e n tia ls 1

Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
(a )
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

fo r m a l p r o v is io n s fo r —

Second

s h ift

T h ir d o r

w ork

T o ta l

cen ts

(p e r h o u r )

______

______

_
__

__

__

7 Va c e n t s
8 c en ts
_

____

_______________

______________________________________

1 3 , 1 3 3/ 4 ,
15 c e n t s

or

1 4 Va c e n t s
. .............

V2,

or

18 c e n t s

16,

17

2 0 c e n t s ______
O v e r 2 0 cen ts
U n ifo r m

___________________________________

________

__

percen t
_
or 7V percent
jj

10 p e r c e n t

_____________________________________
.

2. 1

.

1

. 2
. 7

3. 0

1 .2

s h ift p a y d if f e r e n t ia l

.2

.
-

1 8 .4

9. 1

2 .6

. 5

6 .6

-

.6

*

.5

.1
.3
.2

2 .3
2 6 .3

-

.3
5 .8

______
_
_

____
__

.4

.4

1

. 3
.3

.8
.8
-

2.2
.9
1 .6

*
-

13. 8

7. 3

2 .6

.

.8
1. 0
-

_
.1

.6
.5

6 .5

6 .2

1 .2

p lu s c e n ts d iffe r e n t ia l

_ __

. 7

.2
*

3. 8

red u ced hours

red u ced h o u rs,

-

2. 3

1 .2

.6

P a id lu n c h p e r io d , p lu s c e n t s d i f f e r e n t i a l
O th e r f o r m a l p a y d iffe r e n tia l
_

No

3 .4

1 3 .6

3. 0

-----------------------------------------------------------------

F u ll d a y ’ s pay fo r
F u ll pay fo r

1 8 .4

2. 8
1 .6

_ .

__________________________ _
_______________
______ _________________

p e rcen ta g e

5 percen t

6
7

8 2 .4

2. 0
.4

_

_

_________________________ __________________________________
_
_____ _____ ______________ ____ ___________________________ _____

12 c e n t s

3 .4

27. 1

.6
_
_

o th e r

s h ift

1 8 .4

.9
7. 1

_____________________________

5 cen ts
A r p Tit s

9 c en ts

T h ir d o r

8 2 .4

9 4 .2

5. 1

4 cen ts

10 c e n ts
11 c e n t s

s h ift

9 4 .2

W ith s h ift p a y d if f e r e n t ia l
U n ifo r m

Second

6 9 .2

______________________________________________________________

_______________

o th e r

s h ift w o r k

(b )
A c tu a lly w o r k in g on —

1 .2
3 7 .7

4 .3
3 .4

.8

. 1
1. 3

2. 1

7. 0

.6
.3

-

-

-

2. 3

1

.8
.3
. 1
-

1
Shift differential data are presented in terms of (a) establishment policy, and (b) workers actually employed on latq
shifts at the time of the survey. An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con-*"
ditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
* Less than 0. 05 percent.
Occupational Wage Survey, Los Angeles-Long Beach, C alif., March 1958
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

14

Table B-2: Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1
N um ber

af e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h

s p e c ifie d m in im u m

M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m
(w e e k ly

ra te

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

s a la r y )

s tu d ie d

____________________________________________________

319

111

40

XXX

•N u m ber o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith

A ll
s c h e d u le s

208

A ll

3 7 l/a

XXX

XXX

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

319

___________________
.
......
______

156
-

and u n der $ 4 5 .0 0

2
5

$ 4 5 . 00 and u n der $ 4 7 .5 0

3

$ 4 2 .5 0

$ 5 2 . 50 and under $ 5 5 . 00
$ 5 5 . 00 and un der $ 5 7 .5 0

111

A ll
s c h e d u le s

208

3 7 »/a

XXX

40

XXX

F o r O th e r in exp erien ce d Clerical W e s k e r s 3

93
-

13
-

Z

2
3

1

2

1
1
-

12

65
1
2
-

166
1
2
10
8

64
-

62
-

102

15

1
2

71
-

2

2

8

1
1
1

2
-

6
14

2
1

10

1
3
4

2

8

14

5

5

11

2

6

27

12

12

15

2

10

4
10

14
14

8
10

14
7

13
7

7
4

16
17
20

6
8
11

6
7

21
11

2
2
1
_

10

_____________________________________________

4
10

6
8

4

4
4

-

4
8
6
4
-

4

2
4

9
4
-

3
1
1
-

3
4

3
4
1

2

-

$ 6 7 . 50 and u n d er $ 7 0 . 00

_____________________________________________

5

$ 7 0. 00 and un der $ 7 2 .5 0

_____________________________________________

10

_

_

5

and under $ 7 7 .5 0

_____________________________________________

$ 7 7 . 50 and under $ 8 0 . 00
$ 8 0 .0 0 an d u n der $ 8 2 .5 0

_____________________________________________
.

I
4
1

$ 8 2 .5 0

_____________________________________________

3

and un der $ 8 5 . 00

XXX

■

16

___________________________________________

$ 7 5 .0 0

40

18
24

13

$ 6 2 . 50 and under $ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 5 .0 0 and un der $ 6 7 .5 0

and un der $ 7 5 .0 0

2
1

in —

_____________________________________________

$ 5 7 . 50 and u n der $ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 0 . 00 and un der $ 6 2 .5 0

$ 7 2 .5 0

62
-

ra te

2
-

$ 4 7 . 50 and u n der $ 5 0 . 00
$ 5 0 . 00 and u n der $ 5 2 . 50

63
-

h ir in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—

in d u s tr ie s

For Inexperienced T y p is ts

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c if i e d m in im u m
$ 3 7 .5 0 an d u n der $ 4 0 . 00
.................. ....
.
$ 4 0 .0 0 and u n der $ 4 2 .5 0
. _ __
...

s p e c ifie d m in im u m

M a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f-

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b lis h m e n t s

h ir in g r a te in — -

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

1

1
1
1

1

1

1

5

6
5

11
6
5

3

7
8

3
4

3
4

4
4

10

3

3

3

-

1
4

-

-

7
3

2
-

1
-

2

-

"

1

6
4

2
6
4

6
4
-

-

1

4
-

2
-

2
-

1

2

“

2

1
-

9

-

10

2
1

1
2

__________________

64

21

XXX

43

XXX

XXX

67

21

XXX

46

______________________________________________________________

99

27

XXX

72

XXX

XXX

86

26

XXX

60

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m

-

2
-

3
4
7
1
1
2

2
1

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is

ca te g o ry

1 Lowest salary rate formally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
2 Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries. Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the most common workweeks reported.
3 Rates applicable to messengers, office girls, or similar subclerical jobs are not considered.




Occupational Wage Survey, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., March 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

15

T a b le

B -3 :

S c h e d u le d

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERSi E
W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll w o rk e rs

_______ ;_________

U nder 35 h o u rs
35 h o u rs
3 6 lU

__

All
industries •

__________________

O v e r 3 7 V 2 a n d u n d e r 3 8 3/* h o u r s
3 8 3/ 4 h o u r s
___ .
_ _ _ _ _
O ver 3

o 3/ 4

_

100

100

-

-

6

1
**
-

_

O v e r 4 0 and u n d er 4 8 h o u rs

________________
_____
_

4

-

**

-

85

99

_
__

2
**

____________________

and un der 4 0 h o u rs
_

100

1

____________________________

O v e r 3 6 V* a n d u n d e r 3 7 V 2 h o u r s
___
_________
3 7 7 2 h o u r s ________________________ __ _____________________

4 0 h ou rs

100

m plo yed

Finance'}"!'

in

H ou rs

—

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures 3

All
industries4

Manufacturing

Public ^
utilities y

Wholesale
trade

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

-

_

**

2
**

-

-

-

-

6

12
4
-

-

1
-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

6
_

15

26
_

_

1
-

-

-

2
-

-

-

I
1
-

1
-

8
-

11

-

-

-

2

1

-

**

-

-

-

-

-

-

65
-■

61
-

100
-

91

90

98

94

90

2

5

_______________________________________

___________________________________________________

hou rs

Wholesale
trade

1

______________________________

Manufacturing

Public ^
utilities y

W e e k ly

_
_

_________

_
__

**

-

99
-

1
5

56

2

3
2

3

1

99
1

8

1 Estimates for office workers are not comparable with earlier studies. See Introduction, page 2.
2 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Limited to establishments primarily engaged in the production of motion pictures (Group 7811) and establishments primarily engaged in performing services independent of motion-picture
production but allied thereto (Group 7821) as defined in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual (1949 edition) prepared by the Bureau of the Budget.
4 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) and real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
** Less than 0. 5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., March 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

16

Table B-4*. Overtime Pay
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Overtime policy

A ll w o r k e r s

------

.

-------

A ll
.
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities f

Wholesale
trade

Finance f'f'

|

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures 2

■

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —
A ll
3
industries4

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities J

Wholesale
trade

Services
(excluding
motion pictures

Motion
pictures 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

63
83
3
80

94
94

100
100
1

9/
97

100
100
-

100
100
-

44

97

-

-

-

-

-

-

93
**

100
-

95
95
2
93

65
65

5

-

96
96
3
93
**

99
98

-

99

66
66
5
61

2

93

84
84
5
79

46
46

1

-

-

17

6

16

34

54

3

4

1

96
96
4
92
**

98
96
1
97

1
99

95
95
8
87

96
96
8
88

-

-

98
96
3
94
1
**

100
5
95

-

72
72
11
60
**

5

4

Daily overtime
Workers in establishments providing
for premium pay4 __ __ ____ „ __ ____ __
Time and one-half ____
______
Effective after less than 8 hours ------------Effective after 8 hours _ __ __________ __
Double time
Workers in establishments providing
no premium pay or having no policy

■

-

65

5

35

98
96
2
96

81
81
1
76
3

100
-

W e e k ly overtime
Workers in establishments providing
for premium pay4
Time and one-half ______ __________ _ _
Effective after less than 40 hours _____ .
Effective after 40 hours ____________________
Effective after more than 40 hours ____
_ ____ ____ ___ ,
Double time __________
Workers in establishments providing
no premium pay or having no p o lic y __________

-

-

4

2

100
100

-

28

100

100
100
-

2

100

-

**

100
100
100
-

-

2

-

100
100
100
-

19

1 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Limited to establishments primarily engaged in the production of motion pictures (Group 7811) and establishments primarily engaged in performing services independent of motion-picture
production but allied thereto (Group 7621) as defined in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual (1949 edition) prepared by the Bureau of the Budget.
3 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) and real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Graduated provisions are classified to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours a day would be considered
time and one-half after 8 hours. Similarly, a plan calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 37 V2 and time and one-half after 40 hours would be considered as time and one-half after 40 hours.
♦♦Less than 0. 5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




'Occupational Wage Survey, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., March 1958
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

17

Table B-5: Wage Structure Characteristics and Labor-Management Agreements
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N -

Item

A ll
,
industries 1

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities "f

Wholesale
trade

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

_Fin an ce ’I’ i ’

(excluding
motion pictures)

76
1
75
24

45
2
43
55

Motion
pictures 2

AU
,
industries

M anufacturing

Public
utilities j

Wholesale
trade

Services
^ (excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures 2

W a g e structure for time-rated workers4
Formal rate structure ____
S in g le

ra te

_ .............

______
...

Individual rates

_________
____

_

_ _

75
1
74
25

80

54
**
54
46

n

20

91
3
93
3

98
5
93
2

97
97
100
90
45
38
26
45
45
74
Range of rates ____________________________
52
59
_
10
3
3

97
83
14
3

100
99
1

90
10
2
7

86
14
1
10
2

100

**

**

75-79

65-69

_

Method of w a g e payment
for plant workers
DATA NOT COLLECTED

Time workers
_
_ _ _
_
....... ...........
Incentive workers ___________________ _____
P ie c e w o r k
R o m s w o rk

Commission

_

...
_ _

............ ..
_

.

87
13
3
10

99
1
_

1

_ _

99
1
**
_

-

_

Labor-m anagem ent agreem ents 5

Workers in establishments with agreements
covering a majority of such workers --------

20-24

25-29

80-64

10- 14

0-4

5-9

95+

60-84

75-79

95+

95+

1 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Limited to establishments primarily engaged in the production of motion pictures (Group 7811) and establishments primarily engaged in performing services independent of motion-picture pro­
duction but allied thereto (Group 7621) as defined in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual (1949 edition) prepared by the Bureau of the Budget.
3 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) and real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Estimates for office workers are based on total office employment, whereas estimates for plant workers are based on time-rated employees only.
5 Estimates relate to all workers (office or plant) employed in an establishment having a contract in effect covering a majority of the workers in their respective category. The estimates so ob­
tained are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area maybe covered by provisions of labor-management agreements, due to the exclusion of smaller size establishments.
** Less than 0. 5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., March 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

18

Table B-6:

Paid Holidays1

P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Item
A ll
industries

a

Manufacturing

Pu blic .
utilities |

Wholesale
trade

F a c *‘T
in n e f “

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

S ices
erv
(ex d g
clu in
mtio p re
o n ictu s)

Mtio
o n
p tu s 3
ic re

A ll
4
industries

M anufacturing

Public j.
utilities T

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

94

98

98

-

■

6

2

2

2
42
1
7
32
4
9
**

_
8
-

9
-

**
-

3
35
1
4
29
3
**
18
**
**
-

All workers

100

100

100

100

100

100

Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays------------------------------------------------Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays -------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

“

-

_

"

**
33
1
2
27
9
**
17
2
**
3
1
**
1
1
2

**
51
2
5
26
3
11
2
**
-

.

S ices
erv
(e clu in
x d g
mtio p re
o n ictu s)

Mtio
o n
p tu s 3
ic re

100

100

99

70

100

1

30

-

7
40
2

_
100
-

-

28
1
62
-

_
23
3
2
39
4
2
26
1
-

19
**
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

■

Number of days
Less than 6 holidays -------------------------------------6 holidays ------------------------------------------------------6 holidays plus 1 half d a y -----------------------------6 holidays plus 2 half days ---------------------------7 holidays ------------------------------------- —--------- -—
7 holidays plus 1 half day ------------------------------7 holidays plus 2 half days----------------------------8 holidays ----- —
-------------- -——
-------------------------8 holidays plus 1 half day ------------------------------8 holidays plus 2 half days ---------------------------9 holidays ------------------------------------------------------9 holidays plus 1 half day --------------- --------------9 holidays plus 2 half days ---------------------------9 holidays plus 3 half days ---------- =---------------10 holidays -----------------------------------------------------11 holidays -----------------------------------------------------11 holidays plus 1 half day ----------------------------------------11 holidays plus 2 half days ---------------------------------------

**

1

_

4
10
2
84
-

-

_

_

27
6
1
30
8
2
24
2
-

4
34
23
4
5
2
10
1
3
4
7

_

_

53
**
**
17
2
19
-

100
-

-

-

-

**

-

-

-

-

■

4

*

-

_

.
-

-

-

-

-

“

Total holiday time 5
12 or more days ----------------------------------------------------------------111 or more days ---------------------------------------------------------/a
11 or more days ----------------------------------------------------------------10Va or more days ----------------------------------------------------------10 or more days ----------------- ------------------------9 x/ z or more days ----------------------------------------9 or more days ---------------------------------------------81 or more days ------------------------------------------/*
8 or more days ---------------------------------------------71 or more days ------------------------------------------/a
7 or more days-----------------------------------------------67a or more d a y s------------------------------------------6 or more days----------------------------------- ---- ------5Va or more d a y s------------------------------------------5 or more days ---------------------------------------------2 or more days ----------------------------------------------1 or more days -----------------------------------------------

1
1
3
4
5
5
8
10
28
37
66
67
100
100
100
100
100

.
**
2
13
16
47
49
100
100
100
100
100

84
86
96
96
100
100
100
100
100

100
36
100
100
93

100
14
100
100
84

100
96
100
100
100

-

_

2
2
28
36
67
73
100
100
100
100
100

4
4
11
18
18
18
30
34
39
62
96
96
100
100
100
100
100

100
50
100
100
100

100
48
99
100
100

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9
9
28
30
47
47
100
100
100
100
100

**
**
100
100
100
100
100

**
**
**
19
22
55
56
91
91
93
94
94

**
**
10
14
53
54
96
96
98
98
98

62
62
90
90
98
98
98
98
98

1
1
29
32
73
76
99
99
99
99
99

1
1
1
2
2
21
23
63
63
66
70
70

100
100
100
100
100

100
44
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

92
30
91
92
92

98
15
96
98
98

98
90
98
98
98

99
46
99
99
99

63
17
63
63
57

100
■
100
100
100

Holidays *
New Year’ s Day----------------------------------------------Washington's Birthday-----------------------------------Decoration D a y ---------------------------------------------July 4th ...........................................................
Labor D a y ----------------------------------------- -------------

1

---------------------- —

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, Los Angeles-Long Beach, C a lif., March 19^8
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

19

Table B-6:

Paid Holidays1 - Continued

P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Item

A ll
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities f

Wholesale
trade

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

S ices
erv
(e clu in
x d g
F a ce fjin n
mtio p re
o n ictu s)-

Motion

p tu s 3
ic re

A ll
4
industries

M anufacturing

Public
utilities |

Wholesale
trade

S ices
erv
(e c d g
x lu in
mtio p re
o n ictu s)

Mtio
o n
p tu s 3
ic re

H olidays6 - Continued
Veteran’ s Day ----------------------------------------------------------------- rThanks giving Day -------------------------------------------------------------Christmas ------------------------------------------------------------------------------Good Friday -------------------------------------------------------------------------Admission D a y --------------------------------------------------------------------Floating or optional d a y -----------------------------------------------Day after Thanksgiving------------------------------------------------Lincoln’ s Birthday ---------------------------------------------------------Christmas Eve ------------------------------------------------------------------------Columbus D a y ----------------- —
Half day Good Friday -----------------------------------Half day Christmas Eve --------------------------------Half day New Year's Eve ------------------------------

26
100
100
2
21
7
5
5
4

3
9
8
4

20
100
100
3
13
8
7
1
10
5

36
100
100
47
-

2

25
100
100
3
1
3
4
4

4

5
3

33
100
100
4
63
3
4
18
2
11
33
8
5

26
100
100
2
9
2
9
3
**

100
100
-

-

_
**

13
93
94
3
4
5
7
**
4

1
**
7
4

7
98
98
5

23
98
98

_

39

8
10
5
1
_
11
7

-

.
1

15
99
99
7
9
4
8
_
7
_

4

7

11
63
66
_
_
_
_

1

100
100
_
_
_

„

.

_

_
1
2

.
_
_

4

1 Estimates relate to holidays provided annually.
* Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Limited to establishments primarily engaged in the production of motion pictures (Group 7811) and establishments primarily engaged in performing services independent of motionpicture production but allied thereto (Group 7821) as defined in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual (1949 edition) prepared by the Bureau of the Budget.
4 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) and real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving atotal of7 days includesthose with
7 full days and
no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on.Proportions were then cumulated.
4 Only the holidays or half-day holidays provided to at least 2 percent of the office or plant workers in the area are shown in thistabulation. A few other holidays
orhalf holidayswere
provided.
♦♦Less than 0. 5 percent.
■ Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
f
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




20

Table B-7: Paid Vacations
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Vacation policy

A ll
,
industries 1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities |

Wholesale
trade

Finance *!"[■

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures 2

AU
industries

-

M anufacturing

Public
utilities

f

Wholesale
trade

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

__
____

99
92
8

100
82
18

100
96
4

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

99
85
14

100
82
13

100
89
11

99
99
-

90
90
-

100
9
91

Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations ____ ____
_______ ' ___

**

■

■

_

**

■

1

-

1

10

-

2
46
1
6

3
37
-

1
51
-

2
41
3
-

2
63
3
20

_
45
6

99
**

8
21
**

11
15
_
-

4
48
_
-

19
19
2
-

_
15
1
4

_
100
_
-

20
1
76
2
**

12
2
80
5
-

92
1
7
-

31
69
_
-

2
98
-

20
/1
6

1
99
-

59
5
32
2
**

56
6
36
3
-

68
20
11
-

67
32
-

51
31
4
1

_
_
100
-

3
**
93
3
**

3
**
90
1
6
-

3
2
90
-

3
97
-

_
100
-

12
81
6

_
100
-

19
6
70
2
3
**

25
6
62
3
4
-

7
16
75
2
-

11
88
-

27
2
56
4
1

_
100
-

**
**
94
1
4
**

1
90
1
9
-

_
1
99
-

_
98
-

_

1
-

_
100
-

3
4
87
2
4
**

4
6
81
3
6
-

_
2
97
2
-

-

-

7
79
4
1

_
100
-

**
87
5

**

_

_

-

88

99

82

1

91
3

-

9

15

6

8

'

'

'

11
6

All workers

___________

__ __________ ______

M ethod of payment
Workers in establishments providing
__ ____
paid vacations ____________
Length-of-time payment ___________
__________
Percentage payment

-

Amount of vacation p a y 4
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week _______ __ ______ ____ ______
1 week
„
___
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks _ __ __ __ __________ _ _________
After 1 year of service
1 week ______ ______ _________ _________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___ ______
__ _„
____ ____
_____ ___
2 weeks
__
__
3 weeks ..................... . . .
_
. - ___
4 weeks
_
____
After 2 years of service
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ______________ ____ _
2 weeks _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _
__ _______
__
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
__ _ ___
3 weeks _ __ __
__ __
__ ___ ______
4 weeks
After 3 years of service
1 week
— __ _ ___
__ _
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _ ___ ___
2 weeks
"
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s ___________________
3 weeks
__ __ __
4 w e e k s -------------------------- --------------------------------

100
-

2

-

,

/8
15
6

-

99
“

After 5 years of service
1 w eek __ __ __ ___
___ _______ __
2 weeks _ _ _ __ _ ____ __
__ __ _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___
__ ------3 weeks ___
____
4 weeks _ __ _
________

8

**

2
10
“

See footnotes at end of table.
+ Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
t t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




1
66

-

100
-

1
81
4
13
**

1

85
6
8

-

-

97
3
-

97
2
1

3
82
5

Occupational Wage Survey, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif. , March 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

tfOTE: In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of tim e,"
such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, were converted to an equivalent time
basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.

-

100

-

21

Table B-7: Paid Vacations - Continued
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EM PLOYED IN —
V a c a tio n p o lic y

Am ount

o ff v o c a t i o n

A fte r

p a y 4.

All
,
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities y

Wholesale
trade

Finance ‘f ’j’

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —

(excluding
motion pictures)

**

**

-

_

_

67
4

be

11

56
-

28
**

12
-

52
3
45
-

66

3 w eeks

69
2
28

23
-

36
-

"

“

“

6

__

___________

__

__

O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s
4 w eeks

_____________________

_____________________________

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A fte r

Public .
utilities T

Manufacturing

Wholesale
trade

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures 2

10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

2 w e e k s _ __ __ __ ----------------- -------------------------- __
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________________
_

AU
,
industries

C o n tin u e d

__________________________________________________________

1 w eek

Motion
pictures 2

1

1
**

2

1

1

_

_

3

100
-

62
6
27

66
6

82
8

53

61
_

20

-

2

■

2

1

_
100
_
-

10
-

21
-

“

3
**

2
45
■

5

-

_

-

12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
**

_

_

_

1

_

1

1

_

_

3

27

ol

----------

2

66
7

56
-

-

40
7

70
14

52

4

51
4

36

3

2

61
-

-

3 w e e k s _____ ___________ __ __ ----- -----------------------------O v er 3 and under 4 w eek s
__________________________

46
4

66
6
**

15
-

45
-

23
4

36
-

100
-

4/

17
-

45
-

21
-

100
-

-

-

-

6

-

2

-

5

-

1

____

______

_____

O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s

4 w eek s and o v e r
A fte r
1 w eek

________

2 w eeks

_____

______

___

__

___________
__

__

1 w eek
2 w eeks

__

__

__

__

_________________________

________________

---------__ __

—
__

_

A fte r
1 w eek

___
-----

O v er 2 and under
_

3 and

4 w eeks

3

__

5
**

**

_

_

_

12
-

8

16

1

21
-

79
3

62
6
1

91

79

-

-

1

1

_

_

3

_

1
-

20

18

18

-

62
-

28
-

100
-

6

-

1
75
5
**

54
-

99

1
72
3
2

17
-

55
-

2
79
2

3

-

_

37
-

-

5

-

_

1

1
16

2
80
-

-

__

_

-------

--------------------------------------______________________________
—

____

____

**

**

_

_

_

15
**

12
-

8

20
-

13
-

1
37
-

1

20

-

72
3

73

72

-

69
-

55
-

99
-

71

6

91
-

1
68

10

9

-

8

18

6

6

5
4

**

_ ---------- ------------------------- ----------------------------

__

_ _ _ _ _
______

__

_

_____
__
_____

_

_______

**

_

_

_

12
-

8

20
-

10
-

37
-

69
7

67

59

67

33

99

3

-

-

-

-

-

19

13

24

21

23

29

__

__

14
**

_______________

__

64

--------------

w eeks

under 4 w eek s

_

3

9
48

-

1

1

_

-

3

_

18
'

15
-

54
-

-

80
4

28
-

100
-

5

-

-

2
. _ J79
2

“

-

2 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

_

3 w eeks

**
16
**

2

____________

_________

2 w eeks

O ver

1

______

__________________________
__ ----------------------------------_____
______________________

3 w eeks
__ ___ _ ---------O v er 3 and under 4 w eek s
_

__

-------------------------------------------

O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s

4 w eeks

-------

2 0 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

-------__ __

_

__

15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

__

A fte r

___________

__________________

O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s
__
3 w eeks
O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s
4 w eeks

**
46

1 w e e k ___
?_ w e e k s

--------------------______
___

_____

__
__

__

__

__

1

1

_

1

1

_

-

1
-

20

18

18

15
-

3
54
-

-

77

23

100

-

-

-

8

10

1

1

2

62
4

65
7

11

9

65
2
14

-

1 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Limited to establishments primarily engaged in the production of motion pictures (Group 7611) and establishments primarily engaged in performing services independent of motion-picture pro­
duction but allied thereto (Group 7821) as defined in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual (1949 edition) prepared by the Bureau of the Budget.
3 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) and real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions. For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years’ service
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.
** Less than 0. 5 percent.
| Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




22

Table B-8: Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
P R E T O O F E W R E S EM LO D IN
E C N F F IC O K R
P YE
—
Type of plan

All workers__________*_______ ___________ . . ... .

Workers in establishments providing:
—
Life insurance ______________ — --------------- *
Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance________ _____ ---- --------------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 5 ________ _— _______..
Sickness and accident insurance______
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) ______ _______ _____
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)___ ___. . . . _____
Hospitalization insurance
__. . ... ..
Surgical insurance_______...______
Medical insurance__* . . . . . . _______
Catastrophe insurance
___ . . . . . . . . . . .
Retirement pension ____. . . . . . . . ________
No health, insurance, or pension plan .. . . . .

A
il .
in u s 1
d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie ‘f’
s

W o sa
h le le
tra e
d

100

100

100

100

P R E T O P N W R E S EM LO D IN—
E C N F LA T O K R
P YE

S ices
erv
(e clu in
x d g
mtio p res)
o n ictu

____________
Mtio
o n
p re 2
ictu s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

F a ce’f'j'
in n

A
ll ,
in u ie
d str s

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie •
sf
'

W o sa
h le le
tra e
d

S ices
erv
(ex d g
clu in
mtio p re
o n ictu s)

Mtio
o n
p tu s2
ic re

97

99

99

95

96

94

92

92

96

98

90

84

4 64

90

59

57

4 25

56

77

74

86

69

51

51

94

80
35

88
46

92
13

73
34

71
26

52
17

99
38

67
33

70
42

81
16

73
43

22
8

43
42

69

74

79

57

67

46

99

34

36

66

35

13

1

4
89
89
75
48
81
1

3
98
98
81
66
81
**

12
39
39
37
28
99
1

1
91
88
68
32
62
**

2
92
92
84
36
89

91
91
75
35
65
4

48
48
4 26
23
99
**

14
91
91
80
29
66
2

7
100
100
88
39
62

11
45
45
41
22
98

18
86
86
75
14
63
1

9
82
82
76
7
34
14

-

99
99
4 85
8
100

1 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Limited to establishments primarily engaged in the production of motion pictures (Group /811) and establishments primarily engaged in performing services independent of motion-picture pro­
duction but allied thereto (Group 7821) as defined in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual (1949 edition) prepared by the Bureau of the Budget.
3 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) and real estate'in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Not strictly comparable with estimates in earlier studies due to reinterpretation of provisions in 1 or more establishments.
5 Unduplicated total of workers receiving Sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick-leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least the mini­
mum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
** Less than 0. 5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
I f Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, Los Angeles-Long Beach, C alif., March 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

23

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau1s wage surveys is to
a ssist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations w orkers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to a rea.
This is essential in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this em phasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau1s job descriptions may differ sign ifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau1s field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing su pervisors, apprentices, lea rn ers, beginners, train ees, handicapped w orkers, p a rt-tim e,
tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

O ffic e

B ILLE R , MACHINE
P repares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, b ille r s,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
B iller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott F ish er, Burroughs, etc. , which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from cu stom ers' purchase o rd ers, internally prepared
o rd ers, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predeterm ined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
n ecessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott F ish er, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on custom ers* ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slip s.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash R egister, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-M ACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
C la ss A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
D eter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
M&y prepare consolidated
rep o rts, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
C la ss B - Keeps a record of one o r m ore phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
P hases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing de scribed
under b iller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or a ssist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
C LERK, ACCOUNTING
C la ss A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
m e n t s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c ­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May a ssist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting c lerk s.
C la ss B - Under supervision, perform s one or m ore routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general led g ers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the m ore routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several w orkers.

24

CLERK,

FILE

Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system .
C lassifies and indexes correspondence or other m aterial;
may also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
m aterial in the file s.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - P erform s routine filing, usually of m aterial that
has already been classified, or locates or a ssists in locating m a ­
terial in the file s.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK,

ORDER

Receives cu sto m ers’ orders for m aterial or merchandise by
m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
f ollowing: Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to d eter­
mine credit rating of custom er, acknowledge receipt of orders from
custom ers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
o rd e rs.

CLERK,

K E Y-P U N C H OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon si­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
P erform s various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m a ile rs, opening
and distributing m a il, and other minor clerica l work.
SECRETARY
P erform s secreta ria l and clerica l duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential m ail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

P A YR O LL
STENOGRAPHER, GEN E R A L

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e c e s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paym aster in making up and d is ­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

P rim ary duty is to take dictation from one or m ore persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
norm al routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
w riter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in ord er, keep sim ple reco rd s, etc.
Does not include tran scribing-m achine work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER,

P rim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform m athe­
m atical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

P rim ary duty is to take dictation from one or m ore persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May a lso type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple reco rd s, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-m achine work.

TECHNICAL

DUPLICATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
m atter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto m a ster. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m a ste rs.
May sort, collate, and staple co m ­
pleted m aterial.




Operates a sin g le- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intrapiant or office
ca lls.
May record toll calls and take m e ssa g e s.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone o rd ers.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard op eratorreceptionist.

25
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORi GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACKINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Pr o f e s s i o n a l

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools .as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced prope Ty.

and

T e c h ni c a 1

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

26

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

Mai nt enance

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

and

Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties jiecessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning.
Work involves; Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician*s handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade; In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

27

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine - shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance’
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinists handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinists work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwrights work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required Tor different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency.
In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

28

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
rimarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
eating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

and

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker;

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.

fixture maker; gauge maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

29
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men .between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments .and customers* houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under lVz tons)
medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
\- / *
[over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy i
heavy '’over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods arid materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
U S GV R MN P ININ OF E: 1 5 0—7 3 7
. OE N E T R T G F IC 9 8 4 0 7




Occupational Wage Surveys
O ccu pational wage surveys are being conducted in 19 major labor markets during late 1957 and early 1958. T h ese bu lletin s, numbered 1224-1
through 1224-19, when available may be purchased from the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U. S. Government Printing O ffice , Washington 25, D. C .,
or from any o f the regional o ffic e s shown below ,
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor markets, com bined with additional a n a ly sis w ill be issued early in 1959.
B ulletins for the labor markets liste d below are now a v a ila b le.
Seattle, Wash., August 1957 — BLS B ull. 1224-1, p rice 20 cen ts
B oston , M ass., September 1957 — BLS B ull. 1224-2, p rice 25 cen ts
Baltim ore, Md., August 1957 — BLS B ull. 1224-3, p rice 25 cents
D a lla s, T e x ., O ctober 1957 — BLS B ull. 1224-4, price 20 cents
St. L o u is , Mo., November 1957 — BLS B u ll. 1224-5, price 25 cen ts
P h ilad elp h ia, P a ., O ctober 1957 — BLS B u ll. 1224-6, p rice 25 cen ts
Denver, C o lo ., Decem ber 1957 — BLS B ull. 1224-7, price 25 cen ts




San F ran cisco-O ak lan d, C a lif., January 1958 — BLS B u ll. 1224-8,
p rice 25 cen ts
Memphis, T en n ., January 1958 — BLS B u ll. 1224-9, p rice 25 cen ts
M inneapolis-St. P a u l, Minn., January 1958 — BLS B u ll. 1224-10,
p rice 25 cen ts
New O rleans, L a ., February 1958 — BLS B ull. 1224-11, p rice 20 cen ts
New ark-Jersey C ity, N. J ., Decem ber 1957 — B LS B u ll. 1224-12,
price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102