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Occupational Wage Survey

N E W A R K -J E R S E Y

C IT Y ,

N E W

JE R S E Y

DECEMBER 1957

Bulletin No. 1224-12

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU OF LABO R STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Commissioner




O c c u p a tio n a l

W age

S u rv e y

NEWARK-JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY




DECEMBER

1957

Bulletin No. 1224-12
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Claguo, Commissioner

May 1958

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

- Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Community Wage Survey Program

Introduction _____________________________________________________________
vVage trends for selected occupational g r o u p s ______________________

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of all of the year’ s surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.




1
4

Table s:
1.
2.

A:

B:

Establishm ents and workers within scope of survey _______
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percent of increase for selected p e r io d s ______________

4

Occupational earnings * A - 1: Office occupations _______________________________________
A - 2:
P rofessional and technical occupations _______________
A - 3: Maintenance and power plant occupations _____________
A -4 :
Custodial and m aterial movement occupations ______

5
8
8
10

Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions * B - 1: Shift differentials _________________________________________
B -2 :
Minimum entrance rates for women office w o r k e r s_
B -3 :
Scheduled weekly hours _________________________________
B -4 :
Overtime pay ____________________________________________
B -5 : Wage structure characteristics and labormanagement agreem ents _______________________________
B -6 :
Paid holidays ____________________________________________
B -7 :
Paid vacations ___________________________________________
B -8 :
Health, insurance, and pension plans ___

Appendix:

Job descriptions

__________________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are availa­
ble in the Newark-Jersey City area reports for November 1951,
November 1952, December 1953, December 1954, and December
1955. Prior to the present report no tabulations had been pre­
sented for wage structure characteristics or labor-management
agreements except in the 1953 report, which also provides a tabu­
lation of overtime pay provisions.
The 1954 report also in­
cluded data on frequency of wage payments, and pay provisions
for holidays falling on nonworkdays. A directory indicating date
of study and the price of the reports, as well as reports for other
major areas, is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary
wage practices in the Newark-Jersey City area are also availa­
ble for machinery industries (January 1958) and women’ s and
m isses’ coats and suits (February 1957). Union scales, indica­
tive of prevailing pay levels, are available for the following
trades or industries:
Building construction, printing, localtransit operating employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.
iii

2

12
13
14
15
16
17
19
21
22




Occupational Wage Survey - Newark-Jersey City, N. J.*
Introduction

The Newark-Jersey City area is one of several important in­
dustrial centers in which the Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor
Statistics has conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related
wage benefits on an areawide basis.
In each area, data are obtained
by Bureau field agents from representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions:
Manufacturing; transportation (excluding
railroads), communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies, besides railroads, are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted also because they furnish insufficient employment in the occu­
pations studied to warrant inclusion.1 Wherever possible, separate
tabulations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions.

to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.

Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they re­
late to office and plant workers.
The term "office w ork ers," as
used in this bulletin, includes all office clerical employees and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
"Plant workers" include working foremen and allnonsupervisory work­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative, executive, professional, and technical employees, and
force-account construction employees who are utilized as a separate
work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are ex­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant workers
in nonmanufacturing industries.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job (see appendix for listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -series tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and power plant; and (d) custodial and material movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
* This report was prepared in the Bureau's regional office in
New York, N. Y . , by Frederick W. Mueller and Elliott A . Browar,
under the direction of Paul E. Warwick, Regional Wage and Industrial
Relations Analyst.
1 See table on page 2 for minimum-size establishment covered.




Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially a f f e c t the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Shift differential data (table B -l) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment p olicy,2 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at .the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other" was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B-2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis. Overtime pay practices; paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated
statistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.

2

workers if a majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices listed. Scheduled hours, wage structure
characteristics, and labor-management agreements are treated sta­
tistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
workers if a majority are covered.3 Because of rounding, sums of
individual items in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.
The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided.
The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time.
The
third section presents a list of the paid holidays and the proportions
of workers to whom they are granted annually.
The summary of vacation plans is limited to formal arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the employer.
Separate estimates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week1s pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen1s compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com­
mercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or

paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions,4 plans are included only if the employer (l) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker‘ s pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
3
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section of established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
it
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
table B-3) were presented in earlier years in terms of the propor­
tion of women office workers employed in offices with the indicated
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
were excluder).
weekly hours for women workers.
Table 1:

E stablishm ents and workers within scope of survey and number studied in N ew ark-Jer sey C ity, N. J. , 1 by m ajor industry division, Decem ber 1957
Minimum
em ployment
in establish ­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll d iv is io n s __

_______________________________

__________

__________

Manufacturing __________________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
____
_______ ______
______
Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), communication,
and other public u tilitie s4
W holesale trade
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
Retail trade (except lim ite d -p r ic e variety stores) _ __
Finance, insurance, and real estate
_ _
S e r v ic e s6 _____ ___________________ _______________
__________

Number of estaiblishments
Within
scope of
study 2

W ork ers in establishm ents
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
T o ta l3

Office

Plant

T o ta l3

_

1 .0 5 7

277

3 8 8 ,8 0 0

7 1 ,9 0 0

2 4 6 ,5 0 0

2 3 7 ,6 6 0

101
"

581
476

144
133

2 5 3 ,5 0 0
1 3 5,30 0

3 2 ,1 0 0
3 9 ,8 0 0

1 8 3,10 0
6 3 ,4 0 0

1 4 9 ,9 2 0
8 7 , 740

101
51
101
51
51

47
163
58
94
114

18
38
24
24
29

3 4 ,8 0 0
1 8 ,4 0 0
2 5 ,6 0 0
3 1 ,1 0 0
2 5 ,4 0 0

7 ,6 0 0
4 , 300
2 ,7 0 0
2 1 ,5 0 0
(7)

2 0 ,5 0 0
8 ,3 0 0
2 0 ,1 0 0
5
600
(7)

2 9 ,0 5 0
6 ,3 1 0
1 8 ,3 6 0
1 9 ,1 4 0
1 4 ,8 8 0

1 The N ew ark-Jersey City A rea (E sse x , Hudson, and Union C ounties).
The "w o r k e r s within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and
composition of the labor force included in the su rvey.
The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve as a b asis of com parison with other area employment indexes to m easure em ployment trends
or le vels since ( l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent data com piled considerably in advance of the pay period studied and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope
of survey.
2 Includes all establishm ents with total em ployment at or above the m in im u m -siz e lim itation.
A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair serv ic e,
and m otion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishm ent.
3 Includes executive, technical, p rofession al, and other w orkers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
4 A lso excludes taxicab s, and serv ic es incidental to water transportation.
5 E stim ate relates to real estate establishm ents only.
6 Hotels; personal s e r v ic e s; business se r v ic e s; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and architectural se r v ic e s.
7 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a l l in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the Series A and B tables, although coverage was insufficient to justify separate presentation of data.




3

Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured.
Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker* s life.
With reference to wage structure characteristics, proportions
of time and incentive workers directly reflect employment under each




pay system. However, because of technical considerations, all timerated workers (plant or office) in an establishment were classified to
the predominant type of rate structure applying to these workers.
Incentive-worker employment was classified according to the pre­
dominant type of incentive plan in each establishment.
Graduated provisions for premium overtime pay were classi­
fied to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling
for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours a day
was tabulated as time and one-half after 8 hours. Similarly, a plan
calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after ^ l l/ z hours (regular
weekly schedule) and time and one-half after 40 was considered as
time and one-half after 40 hours.

4

W age T rends for Selected Occupational Groups

The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically im ­
portant jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based
on women in the following 18 jobs: B illers, machine (billing ma­
chine); bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B; Comptometer
operators; clerks, file, class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, pay-*
roll; key-punch operators; office girls; secretaries; stenographers,
general; switchboard operators; switchboard operator-receptionists;
tabuiating-machine operators; transcribing-machine operators, gen­
eral; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are based
on women industrial nurses. Men in the following 10 skilled mainte­
nance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were included in the plant worker
data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; mechanics; m e­
chanics, automotive; millwrights; painters; pipefitters; sheet-metal
workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and
cleaners; laborers, material handling; and watchmen.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly 'earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job.
These weighted earnings for individual
T a b le 2:

occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregatefor the base period (survey month, winter 1952-53)
was computed and the result multiplied by the base year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (l) general
salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in 'the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1957 for workers in 14 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1202, Wages and Related Benefits,
17 Labor Markets, 1956-57.

In d ex es o f sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s in N e w a r k - J e r s e y C ity , N.
D e c e m b e r 19 57 a n d D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 5 , a n d p e r c e n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
Indexes
( N o v e m b e r 1 95 2 = 10 0)

Industry and o ccu p a tion a l g rou p

J. ,

P ercen t in crea ses from —
D e c e m b e r 195 5
to
D e c e m b e r 195 7

D e c e m b e r 19 5 4
to
D e c e m b e r 195 5

D e c e m b e r 195 3
to
D e c e m b e r 19 5 4

N o v e m b e r 1952
to
D e c e m b e r 1953

N o v e m b e r 1951
to
N o v e m b e r 1952

D ecem ber
1 95 7

D ecem ber
195 5

A ll in du stries:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) ________________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) _____________________________
S k illed m a in te n a n c e (m en )
__ _______________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __________________________________

1 2 5 .0
12 6 .1
1 2 7 .4
1 28 .4

1 1 4 .0
11 1 .2
1 1 5 .4
118 .2

9.6
13.4
10.4
8 .6

3.8
1 .4
5 .4
6.0

3.9
4.3
3.7
4.2

5.7
5.2
5 .6
7. 1

7 .0
4.7
3 .9
6.9

M an u f a c tur i n g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) ________________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) _____________________________
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _____________________________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) ___________________________________

126 .2
1 26 .1
12 7 .6
1 32 .2

1 13 .9
111 .2
1 1 5 .7
12 0 .1

10.8
13.4
10.3
10.1

3.8
1.4
5 .8
6.9

3.7
4. 3
3 .7
4. 1

5.9
5.2
5.5
7 .8

6.2
3.9
4. 1
8.2




5

A : O c c u p a t i o n a l E a r n in g s

Table A-l: Office Occupations
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in N ew ark -J ersey C ity, N . J. , by industry division, D ecem ber 1957)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N me
u br
o
f
wr e s
okr

N M E O W R E S R C IV G ST A H -T E W E LY E R IN S O —
U B R F O K R E E IN
R IG T IM E K
AN G F
$
4 0 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

$

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 10 5 .0 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

-

-

"

-

-

6
2
4
1
“

37
8
29
_
2

33
17
16
1
3

36
18
18
5
4

47
—
24
11
2

48
Z8
20
6
13

61
46
15
8
6

_
-

_
-

2
2

13
2
11

16
9
7

5
3
2

28
24
4

9
$
4

49
37
12

12
9
3

12
4
8

7
$
2

82
5
77

_
_

_
-

_
_

1
1
-

"

-

"

"

15
3
12
12

43
16
27
17

14
2
12
12

31
16
15
15

35
25
10
9

24
8
16
8

33
15
18
15

38
6
32
28

_

1
1

18

"

-

9
------ 8

108
55
53
4
28

117
34
83
9
71

79
23
56
6
44

2
2

26
1
25

66
7
59

59
16
16

78
39
39
24

$

We ly
ek
We ly 3 5 .0 0
ek
h u s1 e r in s1
or
an g
(S n a d (S n a d under
ta d r ) ta d r ) and
4 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0

$
$
$1
1 0 5 .0 0 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0
and
1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0

Men
C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A ______________________________
Manufacturing _ _ _ _ _
_
_
Nonmanufacturing __________________________________
_
Public utilities f
___
W holesale trade _____________________________________

452
T3T5
212
41
103

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 5 .0
3 9 .5

9 2 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B _____________________________
Manufacturing
_ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing
_

237
103
134

3 9 .0
3 9 .0 ''
3 9 .0

C lerk s, order _______________________________________________
Manufacturing
__
_
_ _
_
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
W holesale trade

282
” 125
154
127

3 8 .0
3 8 .$
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

C lerk s, payroll
___
_ __
Manufacturing ___________________________________________

120
87

8 7 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

_
-

3 9 .0

Office boys __________________________________________________
Manufacturing
_ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________ ________
W holesale trade
_
_ _
Finance t t -----------------------------------------------------------------

521
193
328
50
182

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .0

5 3 .5 0
5 4 .0 0
5 3 .5 0
4 7 .5 0
5 4 .0 0

Tabulating-m achine operators
.
_
_
_ _
Manufacturing
_ _
_
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

527
208
319

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

7 9 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

B ille r s , machine (billing machine)
Manufacturing
_ ___
__
__
_ _
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________ __
Public utilities f
_ _
____ ___
_ _ _

282
176
106
65

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

6 2 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
6 4 .0 0
6 4 .5 0

B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping m a c h in e )_______________
Manufacturing
_
__
_
__
... _ _
Nonmanufacturing __ . _______________ ___ ______

179
75
104

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

Bookkeeping-machine op erators, c la ss A
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
N onm anufacturing______________________________________

199
133

3 8 .0

38.5

66

Bookkeeping-machine op erators, c la ss B ______________
Manufacturing _
__
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade .
_ _
Finance f f
_ ._ _

958

—

8 1 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

8 6 .5 0
"8 4 .6 6 "

_

W JT~

-

26
9
17
4
-

_

45
12
33
21
10

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

"

-

3
“

17
7
10
6

5 7 .5 0
6 6 .0 0 '
5 5 .0 0

1
1

12
1
11

38
13
25

32
10
22

21
9
12

7 3 .0 0
7 7 .0 6
6 5 .0 0

_

_
_

_

-

-

3 7 .0

-

-

15
1
14

3 7 .0
3 8 .0
3 6 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .0

5 8 .0 0
6 5 .6 0
5 5 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
5 4 .0 0

_
_

165
27
138

149

-

62
62
_
62

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 6 .5

7 6 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

5
5

r

5
8
------ 5---- ------ 5

101
21
38 "" ------ 7
63
14
4
2
18
4

—

in

18
IT
— n — ------ 7“

4

22
17

"—

_
_

_

------ 3
1
-

56
2 4 "'
32

94
ii
50

56
2T
35

53
— n
40

18

2

5

-

2

3
2

1

1

4
4
4

_
-

_
-

16

-

47
23
24

-

_
_
_

-

-

J T ~

8
3
4

r r ~

12
------ 5
7
7

8
------ 7
1
_

41
—

35
24
11
1
9

40
18
22
1
21

17
11
5
_
4

16
8
11
4
7

_
-

1
1

_
-

-

1
1

5
3
2
1

8
.
8
8

2

15
------ 5“
_
_

'

-

-

62
2T
41

21
16
5

15
12

"

3

—

-

29
_
2 28
_
"

1
1
1

32
i'3 l
1
1

2
1

4
1

_

_

_

_
_

-

_
_

l

_
-

1 ------- 1
j—
r~
_
_

-

35
------ g—

-

18
4
------- j — TF“
2
1

'

-

_

-

_

7
7

-

-

Women

C lerk s, accounting, class A ___ _________________________
Manufacturing
... . _
_ .
. _
Nonmanufacturing .
_ ____ _ .
Public utilities f ___________________ ____ _______
Finance ■■
!■}
•
_
_ __

2c
T5
688
77
553
594
302

292
26
169

68.00

22
19

151

l4
137

19
6

5
4

18
12
6
3

24
15
9

23

10
3
7

5
"5

9

13
5
8

16
1
15

15
8
7

27
14
13

41
40
1

16

30
23
7

189

139
41
98
32
58

125

71

43

4o

8
121

8

12

118

134

6
_
6
_
6

13
7
6
_
6

32

8
24
_
15

59

4o

i4

—

n ~

— n

4

18

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
.

_
_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

_
_

8

— n— — n

8

_
_

_
_

3

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
1
4

_
.
_
_

_
.
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_




_
_

l6
2
-

13
13
.
_

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

81

51

35

25

20

2

„

4

25

20

18

14
7
7

_

2

_

_

4

1

-

“

“

29

51
13
34

42
4
25

44
16
28
_

110

76
36
40

56

33

48

81
14
67

4

2

2

25
«
.

17

18
9

39

59

17

9

10
8
'

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public utilities
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.

_

20
1$
5
_

14

62

_

_

5
_

2
1

'

'

_

_
_

<
>

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on/an area basis
in Newark-Jersey City, N. J. , by industry division, December 1957)
Avuagi
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
ot

w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

$
W
eekly.
W
eekly . 3 5 .0 0
h rs
ou
earn gs
in
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
4 0 .0 0

$
4 0 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

S
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

1 0 .0 0

1 5 .0 0

*90.00

* 9 5 .0 0 1*00.00 1 0 5 .0 0 f i o .o o f 1 5 .0 0 f 2 0 .0 0
and

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

ion.on 10 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0

t

Women - Continued

_

_

C lerk s, accounting, class B . __ _
______
Manufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_______________ ___ ______ ________
Public utilities f
W holesale trade ______________________________________
Retail trade 4 _ __
Finance f t ______________________________________________

1,0 6 6
466
600
84
115
117
216

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 6 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

6 2 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
5 9 .0 0

1
1
_
_
-

9
3
6
_
-

64
26
38
9
_
9
6

158
38
120
31
11
25
48

237
129
108
9
20
13
60

217
l07
no
5
17
9
75

136
63
73
7
28
17
11

82
30
52
10
14
10
8

68
35
33
2
5
15
6

34
n '
21
3
2
9
2

24
8
16
1
11
4
-

20
10
10
3
3
4
-

10
4
6
4
1
1
-

4
4
1
1
-

_
_
_
-

2
2
_
2
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

C lerk s, file , c la ss A _______________________________________
Manufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
____
Finance
______________________________ ______ __ _

401

3 8 .5
3 9 .6
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

6 3 .5 0
6 9 .6 6
6 0 .5 0
5 8 .0 0

-

-

1
1
1

112
11
101
66

92
17
75
61

58
27
31
18

41
14
9

24
13
11
1

31
8
23
1

3
2
1
1

15
2
13
5

9
9
-

5
5
-

1
1
-

_
_

_
_

-

9
4
5
3

-

“

C lerk s, file , c la ss B _______________________________________
Manufacturing
______
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade ______________________________________
Finance t t

1,2 0 7
295
909
75
647

3 8 .0
3975”
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

5 0 .5 0
5 6 .5 0
4 9 .0 0
4 8 .0 0
4 7 .0 0

49
_
49
40

131
21
no
36
52

216
544
~ P f ----90
507
126
16
9
82
445

103
" '6 2
41
10
20

58
25 33
2
2

30
rs
12
1
-

18
F2
6
~

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

"

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
.
-

_

-

_
-

_
_
-

-

-

-

4
3
1
_
1

22
25'
2
_
2

39
"2'S
11
9
2

6
_
6
6
-

1
_
1
1
-

_
_
_
_
-

2
2
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

5
z
3
-

6
3
3
-

2
2
-

6
6
_
_
_
-

_

_

_

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

HE

275
166

_

363
C lerk s, order __________________________________________
------ T T T
Manufacturing
_
_
_
190
Nonm anufacturing_______________________________________
134
W holesale trade ______________________________________
50
Retail trade 4
___
_ _
__
___
_____

3 8 .5
6 4 .5 0
3 8 .0 " ■ 57736"
“
3 8 .5
6 1 .0 0
3 8 .5
6 4 .0 0
3 8 .5
5 3 .0 0

C lerk s, payroll
867
Manufacturing _________________________________________ _ ------ 5T T ~
204
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
56
Finance f t ____________________________________________

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

7 1 .5 0
' 7 2 .5 6
6 8 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

_
-

Comptometer operators
Manufacturing
_____
_ _ __
_ __
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
W holesale trade ______________________________________
Retail trade 4 ______ ________________________________

426
162
199

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

6 8 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
6 7 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

-

Duplicating-machine operators
(m im eograph or ditto) ____________________________________

65

3 7 .5

6 1 .5 0

2

Key-punch operators
Manufacturing
___ ________
_
__
_ _
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________
W holesale trade
Retail tr a d e 4
___ __
_
_ _
_
_____
Finance t t --------------------------------------------------------------------

1, 157
496
667
91
57
348

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

6 3 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
6 0 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
6 1 .0 0
6 0 .5 0

-

-

412
57
355
186

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

5 3 .5 0
“ 5 3 :3 6 '
5 3 .5 0
5 1 .0 0

1
1
-

14
6
6
3

3 8 .0
3 8 .5 '
3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

8 3 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

Office girls
Manufacturing
______ __
_
__
___ __
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________
Finance f t
- ___
— _____________________
S e c r e t a r i e s _____________ ___ ____ _________
Manufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________
Public utilities f ___
_ _
_ _
W holesale trade
__
_
Retail trade 4 ________________________________________
F i n a n c e _____________________________________________

896
r n r

3 ,5 3 7
2 ,0 6 7
1 ,4 5 0
211
147
71
668

See footnotes at end of table.
■ Transportation (excluding ra ilroad s), communication,
f
I f Finance, insurance, and real estate.




_

64
41
39 ' " "2 3" 25
16
14
10
11
6

57
- “ 33----24
6
66

8
_
8
_
8

30
_
30
16
14

1
1
-

19
6
13
“

97
~ n —
26

75
44
31
6

98
6^
29
11

2
2
2

12
4
8
8

55
21
34
29

136
58
78
31
31

155
71
84
11
61

1
3
-------- 3“
-

-

-

_

_

-

and other public utilities

-

“

10
75
n—
62
3
17

5

34
21
13
6
_
3
4

120
94
— “ SO—
23
14
12
4

— n

168
T2S
48
14
27

153
“ 75—
75
55
13

11
------ 2—
9
9
-

_
-

113
88
43
27
64
15
55— — 76— — 42— — TA — — S3— ------ 8—
25
12
3
1
7
11
14
3
1
5
94
60
34
14
8

53
—
32
10
16

19
ro

3

-

~ n

9

6
3

34
“ 25“
9
8
1

5
------ 2—
3
3
-

10
10
10
-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

39
24
15
5
3
1
1

33
21
12
6
_
_
2

79
3b
43
12
3
_
9

18

6

4

221
105
8
28
48

89
60
29
9
17

128
61
67
16
40

-

~

56
1
55
25
'

6
211
l63
106
14
6
70
83
6
77
10

3
2
1
-

7
7
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

47
5
42
3
_
5
24

128
So
78
6
12
9
36

327
197
130
19
15
9
75

377
Z10
167
14
28
6
no

639
384
255
21
34
9
140

526
356
170
27
22
11
79

557
310
247
41
6
9
75

309
171
138
19
18
2
69

183
130
53
11
4
5
14

158
3T2
36
13
2
1
3

96
50
46
8
_
_
23

116

_
-

-

10

77
l3
64
7

5
5
_
1
4

63
21
42
40
2

.

149
39
110
5
8
76

191
n>—
175
28
12
80

171
20
151
141

F t—
39
29
4

11

.
_
_
_
_
-

-

51
36
3
” 45 " “ 3 5 — ------ 2
1
6
6
5
5
1
_
_
_

-

_

7
T a b le A - l :

O f fi c e O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d

(Average stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in N ew ark-Jersey C ity, N . J. , by industry division, Decem ber 1957)
Avbbage
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—
$
3 5 .0 0

$
4 0 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

under
4 0 .0 0

W
eekly
W
eekly
h
ours 1
(Standard) (Standard)

4 5 .0 0

”
5 0 .0 0

”
5 5 .0 0

”
6 0 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

“
7 0 .0 0

”
7 5 .0 0

”
8 0 .0 0

“
8 5 .0 0

“
9 0 .0 0

”
9 5 .0 0

518
257
261
30
72
129

304
183

95
70
25

55
37
18

31
14
17

10

1
12

1
6

25

179
" " T54
75
5
16
37

-

"

37
3l

20

28
7
21

17
3
14

4
4

-

6

48
13
35

34
— F3

6

88

53

102

18

21

5

10

3l
71

..39..
27

1

22

16

16
2
1

lT " .

43
14
5

96
56
40

66

15
73
9
14
42

4
-

5
29

4
14

61

155
80
75

62
30
32

34
7

12

6

18
20

13
5

63
34
29

91
48
43

83
23
60
47
268
163
105
7

6 5 .0 0

$

$
$
•
$
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 11 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0
and
”
“
“
“
1 0 0 .0 0

10 5 .0 0

110 .0 0

1 1 5.00

1 2 0 .0 0

over

Women - Continued
Stenographers, general ___________________________________
M an ufactu ring_____ ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________ _______________
Public utilities f _________________________________ _
W holesale trade _____________________________________
Finance ! !
_ _ _ _ _

2 ,5 0 6
3 8 .0
T^"224~" " W
1 ,2 82
3 7 .0
233
3 6 .0
213
3 8 .0
612
3 7 .0
3 9 .0
.W . 5
3 8 .5

<
P
6 7 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
6 3 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

_
_

6 1 .5 0

-

7 2 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

_
-

6 5 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
6 2 .0 0

_
_

3
3
3

8

16

40

70

_
"

-

-

1

8

33
5
28
-

45
4
41

55
1

54
4

164
19
145
56

346
104
242
56
_
164
3
3

Stenographers, t e c h n ic a l__ __________________________ _
Manufacturing
_
_
__
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

201
8l
120

Switchboard o p e r a t o r s ____ _______________________________
Manufacturing
_
_ _ _ _ _
N onm anufacturing_______________________________________
Public u tilit ie s ! ___________________________________
Retail tra d e 4 _______________________________________
Finance t t ____________

562
195
367
76
53
145

3 8 .5
3975“
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 6 .5

"

10

7

14

Switchboard op erator-recep tionists _____________________
Manufacturing _________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public utilities !
______________________
W holesale trade
_
__________ _
Finance "ff ____________________________________________

806
¥ sy
317
35
135
54

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

6 3 .5 0
6 3 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
6 3 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
6 3 .5 0

_
_

_
_

29
28

55
33

1

22

_
_

1

191
"Ti54
87
17
36

“

-

1

4

16

Tabulating-m achine operators
___________ „
Manufacturing
_____________________ _____
Nonmanufacturing _ _
__ __________

456

3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 6 .5

6 9 .0 0
7z ; i o '

_
-

_
-

3
3

36
36

71

11
1
10
10

64

------ Z U T ~
253

6 6 .0 0

5 5 .5 0
6 0 .0 0

25
1

24
9

1

8

8

6
6

6 6 .0 0

-

"

Transcribing-m achine op erators, general _____________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Finance f f
_
_________________
______

463
174
289
205

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

6 2 .5 0
b 4 . 50
6 1 .5 0
5 9 .5 0

_
-

10
10
10

T yp ists, c la ss A ___________________________________________
Manufacturing
_
_ _
__
_
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Public u tilitie s! _____________________________________
____________________
Fin ance! !

* .2 2 0

6 5 .0 0

828
392
27
239

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 5 .0
3 7 .0

6 2 .5 0

_
-

11
1

6 6 .0 0

_
-

5 9 .5 0

-

-

"

104
50
54
50

T yp ists, class B
_ ________
______ __ _______
M anufacturing___________ ____________ ______ _______
N onm anufacturing__
________________________________
Public utilities ! _
W holesale trade
Retail tra d e 4
_ _
-------------- _ __
____
F in an ce! !
_
_ _ _
_

2 ,7 8 6
1 ,0 31
1 ,7 5 5
263
184
75
1 ,0 9 9

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

5 5 .5 0
5 8 .5 0
5 4 .0 0
5 9 .0 0
6 0 .0 0
5 1 .5 0
5 1 .0 0

28
28
_
5
23

161

410
91
319
18

824
TT2
612
70

16

61

9
274

28
432

6 6 .0 0

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their
W orkers were distributed as follow s: 16 at $1 20 to $1 30 ; 8 at $1 30 to
W orkers were distributed as follow s: 28 at $1 20 to $1 30 ; 3 at $1 30 to
Excludes lim ite d -p rice variety stores.
t Transportation (excluding railroad s), com m unication, and other public
f t Finance, insurance, and real-estate.

1
2
3
4




-

29
132
4
11

113

12

-

21

43
31

8

63
96
28
68

49
180
88

92
9
72

483
271
212

28
42
102

20
200

139

61

541
379
274 ... “ 195
181
267
45
59
21

13
141

20

5
88

14

261

“ 1S3
108
25

121

17
13
42

20

21

8
1

7
42
35"
4
2

-

7

6

-

1

1

18
3
15
15
-

5
3

1

1

10

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

9

1

2

-

7
-

1

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

1
1

"

38
2o
18
14

1

2

2

_
-

1
1

-

-

1

-

10
10

1

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

34
2 1 "....
13

82
23
30
14
61 ■ — n r - — n r ~ -------3
21
20
13
11

5
5
-

_
-

4
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

105
53
52
43

34
31
3

40

11

4
7
-

_
-

2

10

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

340

168

2U
66

144
24
3
4

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

4
4
4
-

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
50

'

1

30
14
73
43
30
-

37
"28
9

1

1

2

289
133
156
70
30

74
53.....

36
15

26
16

21

21

10

1

1

2

7
-

8
1

26

1

3
i

2
2

"

-

35

3

26

1
2

9
3
“

1

9

-

4

2

14
1(5
4
4
_

regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
$140; 4 at $1 40 and over.
$1 40 .
utilities,

1

_
-

10

1

2

-

e
T a b le A - 2 :

P r o fe s s i o n a l a n d T e c h n ic a l O c c u p a t io n s

(Average straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in N ew ark -J ersey C ity, N . J. , by industry d ivision, D ecem ber 1957)

Avkraos
N ber
um

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

W
eekly
W
eekly
h
ours 1 earnings1
(Standard) (Standard)

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
55.00 *60.00 *65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
and
and
under
60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 .85,00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over

Men
Draftsmen, leader
„
Manufacturing __

Draftsmen, senior
___________
Manufacturing _ „ ____ _
_
Nonmanufacturing _ ____ _
_

__ _
_ __ ____
_
_ ________
____
____

__________ __ __
Draftsmen, junior _ __________
Manufacturing __ _______ ____ ____ _______
Nonmanufacturing _ ______________________ ___

149
142

39.0
39.0

$
126. 50
127. 00

1,032
812
220

____ _
_ _____ __
____ ____ __
__ _____

39.0
39.5
38.5

107.50
107.00
111.00

642
451
191

39.5
39.5
39.5

80.00
82. 50
74.50

284
236

39.0
39.5

84. 50
84.50

_
-

_

_
-

_
“

_
"

_

_

_
-

4
2

2
2

2
2

15
13

70
70

26
24

4
4

5
5

*21
20

_
-

1
1
-

12
11
1

30
23
7

52
40
12

33
31
2

100
64
36

140
128
12

116
97
19

89
55
34

104
99
5

133
124
9

54
35
19

44
28
16

30
14
16

33
25
8

61
37
324

8
4
4

47
7
40

42
21
21

135
81
54

144
114
30

94
75
19

32
32

54
53
1

31
29
2

19
18
1

11
7
4

18
8
10

7
2
5

_
.
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
“

15
15

23
16

19
13

53
44

34
27

49
44

24
21

35
31

15
12

10
7

4
4

2
1

1
1

_

_
-

.

.

-

_
_
-

-

Women
Nurses, industrial (registered) __ __
____
Manufacturing __
____ ____ _________________

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
W ork ers were distributed as follow s:
10 at $140 to $ 1 5 0 ; 6 at $150 to $ 1 6 0 ; 5 at $160 and o ve r.
W orkers were distributed as follow s:
17 at $140 to $150 ; 7 at $150 and over.

T a b le

A -3 :

M a in t e n a n c e

and

P o w e r p la n t O c c u p a t io n s

(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in N ew ark -J ersey C ity, N. J. , by industry division, Decem ber 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

C arpenters, maintenance 2 --------- -----------------M anufacturing 2 _
____________ __ ------------Nonmanufacturing _________________________
Public utilities t
________________________

594
476
118
41

$
Average
h
ourly Under 1 .8 0
earnin 1
gs
and
$
under
1 . 80
1 .9 0
$
2
3
2 .6 6
2 .5 6
2
3 .0 7
3
2 .7 5
-

E le ctr icia n s, maintenance 2 _________________
Manufacturing 2 _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________

188
1,0 5 2
136

2 .7 8
2 .7 3
3 .1 7

E n gin eers, stationary ____ ________ ________
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Public utilities "f
— ------------------W holesale trade ____________ __ _____ —
R etail trade _____________ _______________

745
483

F ire m en , stationary b oiler ___________________
Manufacturing --------------------- -----------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Public utilities t
_______________________
See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railro a d s),




1,

65

2 .2 2
2 .2 6

2 62

60
68

27

com m unication,

------ 6

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

17
17
-

$
2

.

00

$
2

10

2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

2

.

10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

12

12
6

_

3
_
3
1

-

14
_
14
-

$

$

60

$
2 .7 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2

.

2 .4 0

2..,JjO

2 .6 0

47
41

88

53
45

53
47

1

1
1

6
6

8

6

_
-

18
15
3

64
63

62

1

2

3
3

28
5
23

71

30
28

1

11

-

-

-

66

5
-

60

2
1

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

64
62

59
"

2

46
46
-

56
39
17

104
80
24

8

6

42
38
4
_

26
26
”

~

$
2 .5 0

38
37

126
5

$
2 .4 0

32
31

11
11

.

7
7
-

“

2 .2 5
2 .2 7

162

-

2 .8 3
2 .8 7
2 . 76
2 .6 3
2 .9 4
2 .9 7

681
519

6

$

and other public utilities

85
3

40

$
3 .4 0

$
3. 50

$
3. 60

$
3 . 70

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3. 40

3. 50

3. 60

3. 70

3. 80

16
16
-

4
4

3
3

5
5

-

-

2
2

4

10
1

-

3

14
14

6

1

173
168
5

93
58
35

35
31
4

13
13

65
52
13
9
-

58
57

117
19
98
35
47

3
3
-

33
25

4

30
28

8

2

2

1

8

"

-

_
-

_
-

16

_
-

23
23

47
43
4

32
32
~

25

23
18
5
-

109
63
46

1

32

30
30
-

16

8
8

$
3 .3 0

269
264
5

115
107

49
44
5
5

3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

30
30

~

36
28

3 .0 0

$
3. 10

42
41

128
115
13

4
4
-

$
$
2 . 90 3 .0 0

37
34
3
3

1

21

-2_. 9.Q
....

75
75
-

80
76
4

8

$
2 .8 0

1
11

16

10

1

1

1

“

16

_
-

5
5
-

16
-

1
1

-

1

$
3 .8 0
and
over

20

6

-

-

20

6

-

_
-

15
15
"

76
46
3 30

-

17
17
5

65
62
3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

9
-

9

T a b le

A -3 l

M a in t e n a n c e

and

P o w e r p la n t O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Newark-Jersey City, N. J. , by industry division, December 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

M achinists, maintenance
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________ _____

905
678

96

129

6 89

116

221
1 4S

2 .2 0
2 05

7
7

13

557
557

2 . 63
2 . 63

-

-

“

1 ,6 9 6

2 .7 2
2 .7 1
2 .9 4

_
-

_
-

-

-

3
3
-

32
32
_

7
7
_

-

-

-

9
9

35
35
_

1

66

_
1

60
6

"T, 625
71
1 ,0 3 8
261
116
62

2 .3 7
2 .6 4
2 .2 8
2 .6 0
2 .4 3

M echanics, maintenance
Manufacturing ___________________
________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Public: utilities "f

1 ,7 5 5
1,6 2 1
134
79

2 .6 4
2 .6 5
2 .6 1
2 .6 7

376
362

2 .6 6
2 . 64

333
316

2 .2 4
2 .2 3

25
21

39
38

Painters , maintenance 2 _______________________
Manufacturing 2 _________ ____________
___
Nonmanufacturing ________________ __ __
Public utilities "f

459
331
128
45

2 .4 6
2 .4 4
2 . 51
2 .5 9

16

34
10
24

P ip efitte rs, m aintenance2 - __ ___
__ ___
Manufacturing 2 _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________

871
808
63

2 . 77
2 .7 3
3 .2 5

65
59

2 . 94
2 .9 2

167
157

. 69
2 .6 7

1,7 81
1 ,6 1 3
168

2 .7 6
2 . 75
2 .8 7

O ilers
_ _ .
Manufacturing

___

_______________________ __

P lu m b e r s, maintenance ________________
Manufacturing
__ __ __ __ __ __
S h e e t-m e ta lw o rk e rs, maintenance
M anufacturing 2 __
_
Tool and die makers
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

2

___

111

2

$ .4 0
2

$ . 50
2

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 . 50

152
108
44

127
125

24

2

14

104
79
25

33
30
3

10

2

-

6

_

29
29
5
------- g _

2
2

_
-

*3.10

$ .2 0
3

$ .3 0
3

3 .0 0

3. 10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

1 .8 0

2 .6 0

2 . 70

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

24
_
24

29
_
29

4
4

_
-

_
-

$ .
2

44
44

111
111

163
163

9
9

474
472
2

399
394
5

*3.5 0

$3. 60

$
3 . 70

$
3 .8 0
and

3. 70

3 .8 0

over

_
_

_
-

3. 60

1

1

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

-

-

-

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

-

116
91
25

12
12

12
12

1
1

1
1

17

37
37

-

-

-

3
_
3

_
_

-

52
43
9

-

-

32
9
23

16

_

_

_

.

3
13
7

_
_

_
_

_
_

31
31
_
_

37
33
4

10
10

8
1

_

7

1

6
6

7
7
8
1

-

25
25

111
111

27
27

56
56

19
19
-

148
141
7

143
136
7

96
92
4

120
120

-

-

51

89
71
18

40
31
9

88

11

40
48

8

103
31
72
50

2

6

4

8

4

5

7
4
_
4

227

369
339
30
20

182
142
40
40

1

_
-

4

87
87

2
2

306
15
291
7

222
11
211

11

36
------3 T

~

_

_

-

-

-

7
3

40
_
14

44
32
12
10

85
74
11

237
237
_

3
3

22
22

20
20

55
55

12
12

44
39

112
112

42
38

64
64

64
64

10
10

9
9

"

11
11

-

11
10
1

42
33
9

18
TT

23
21
2

98
94
4

4

7
7
-

32
32
-

43
41
2

2
1

7
7
-

4

4

-

_

_

_

_

_

20

_

-

-

-

-

*

1
1

_

_

8
8

10
10

10
10

70
178
“ TTSI — F T
3

222

5

44
39
5

32
32
_

3

42
20
22
18

116
116
-

33
33
“

85
81

236
232

99
99

4

4

13
13

13
12

7
7

1
1

1
1

1
1

17
17

12
12

10
10

6
5

27
23

41
41

34
34

36
36

45
45

156
154
2

101
100
1

346
329
17

268
261

178
129
49

7

_

_
_

6

_

-

-

-

-

_

.

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
-

_

_

-

48
33
15

5

3

32
32

16
_
16

_

6

_

_

-

-

-

_
_

10
_
10

77
59
18

65
65
-

_

_

-

-

2
_
2

4
10

8
_
8

-

1
-

1
1

1
-

2
-

_

_

_

1

-

-

24
24

9
9

20
20

-

—

_

8

6

----- F ~ —

r

1
1

138
138

26
26

384
292
92

_
.
_

-

-

2
Ii

_
_
_

_
_

-

_

_

_

_
_

6

_
_

_
_

191
191
_

_

_

1

6‘

8

62
36
24
23

1
1

22

8

9

-

* Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Not comparable to data published for December 1955, because of the reclassification of such workers in one large establishment.
3 AH workers were at $4 to $4.10.
* Workers were distributed as follows: 6 at under $1.70; 61 at $1.70 to $1.80.
Workers were distributed as follows: 6 at under $1.50; 22 at $1.50 to $1.60; 15 at $1.60 to $1.70; 16 at $1.70 to $1.80.
6 Workers were distributed as follows: 11 at under $1.60; 30 at $1.60 to $ 1.7 0;'4 8 at $1.70 to $1.80.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




$ .0 0
3

1 .7 0

10
10

2

1

10

90

. 60

1

9

M echanics, automotive (maintenance) _ _____
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade __ ________ _____ _____
Retail trade _
____________
_______

Millwrights
__________________________
Manufacturing

10

$
2 .0 7
2 .0 3

181
119
62

$
2 .3 0

.

0

............

.

1 .2 0

1

^

M achine-tool o p era to rs, toolroom
Manufacturing
.................................

2

10

2 .2 0

1 .0 0

0

H elp ers, trades, maintenance 2 _ ____________
Manufacturing 2 _________ ___________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________

$
A
verage
finder ! . 8 0
1 .9 0
hou
rly
earnings1
and
1 . 80
under
2 .0 0
1 .9 0

•9^

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Occupation and industry division

14

_

_

-

_

-

20
20
_

.

-

3
1

-

-

4
4

3
3

15
15

_

_

T a b le A - 4 :

C u s to d ia l a n d

M a te r ia l .M o v e m e n t O c c u p a t io n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Newark-Jersey City, N. J ., by industry division, December 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS 0 F -

Occupation 1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

$
Avenge
$
hourly * Under 1 .0 0
1. 10
earnin
gs
and
$
under
1 .0 0
1 .2 0
1. IQ

Elevator op erators, passen ger (men) _________
Nonmanufacturing _______ __ __
_______

Z ll

$
1.5 2
1.4 5

E levator op erators, p assen ger (w o m e n )_______
Nonmanufacturing
_ _
Retail tra d e4 _______________________________

88
86
56

$
1 .2 0

$
1 .3 0

t
1 .4 0

t
1 .5 0

t
1. 60

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

t
2. 00

S
2 . 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

S
2 .9 0

$
3. 00

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

and
over

54
54

2
2

11
8

21
21

7
7

1
-

24
24

1 .2 6
1 .2 5
1. 13

310

16
16
6

16
16
16

9
9
9

14
14
11

14
14
14

1
1
-

1
1
-

39
21
18
9

21
4
17
13

*

75
5

21
20

58
57

-

-

34
99
23 ------ 7T
11
25
25
9

1

-

27
3

9
-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

*

2
-

15
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

149
lU
35
22

160
133
27
12

228
161
67
-

105
72
33
-

Ill
103
8
8

130
109
21
-

5
5
“

14
14
-

13
13
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

13
1
12
12
-

5
1
4
2
2
-

18
17
1
1
-

127
119
8
8
-

19
1$
-

2
2
2
"

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

139

Guards _____ _____ ______________ _______ ______
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
__________ _______________
Finance f f ______ ___________________________

J, 132
T s r ""
279
105

2 .0 0
2. 03
1 .8 9
1 .7 4

_
-

-

3
3
3

10
10
-

Janitors, p orte rs, and clean ers (men)
Manufacturing
____
_
___
Nonmanufacturing _ _ _
_ _ _ _
Public utilities-f- __
__ __
Wholesale t r a d e ____________________________
Retail tra d e4 ______________ ______________
Finance H ________________ ____ _______ _

4, 307
2, 813
1 ,4 9 4
385
126
234
384

1 .7 4
1. 83
1.5 7
1.8 6
1 .7 6
1.3 7
1 .5 5

61
61
6
-

110
IS
92
50
12

129
“ 66
63
21
4

109
6l
48
5
13
11

223
82
141
16
11
30
25

223
Too
123
5
8
11
66

465
257
208
20
17
65
88

386
145
241
22
34
18
138

600
¥88
112
54
13
9
20

655
422
233
137
6
5
20

656
"578
78
69
2
4
-

315
250
65
39
24
2
-

191
189
2
2
-

Janitors, p orte rs, and clean ers (w om en )_____
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _
____
R etail trade 4 _______________________________

1, 125
295
830
53

1 .3 8
1. 64
1 .2 9
1. 13

32
32
-

76
10
66
23

50
12
38
12

442
23
419
10

64
1
63
8

116
15
101
-

111
29
82
-

66
39
27

87
85
2
-

61
61
-

18
18
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

L ab ore rs, m aterial h an d lin g ____________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______
_______ _________
Public utilities-j-____________________________
W holesale trade
R etail trade 4 ______________________________

7, 792
4 , 814
2 ,9 7 8
1 ,2 93
985
572

2 . 09
2. 13
2. 03
2 . 16
2 .0 9
1.7 2

84
84
6 84

79
79
79

18
2
16
16

59
38
21
9
12

139
87
52
9
4

129
90
39
27
9

260
193
67
41
14

432
4o5
27
21
3

485
467
18
12
6

388
315
73
53
7

742
656
86
38
6

1144

1864
¥ 54
980
632
310
38

496
274
222
150
72

360
219
141
108
22

123
95
28

69
64
5
-

76
67
9
9
-

71
2
69
45
24
-

9
9
-

_
-

5 749
740
9
9
-

Order fille r s
Manufacturing
_________ _______________ __
Nonmanufacturing _________________ _________
W holesale trade ____________________ ______
Retail trade 4 _______________________________

1, 855
732
1, 123
484
566

2 . 05
1 .9 5
2 . 11
2 . 04
2. 19

_
-

_
-

47
47
-

21
20
1
1

6
6
5

16
10
6
4

36
53
3
l

247
91
156
150
1

47
24
23
17
5

197
180
17
4
3

294
IT 5'
178
152
23

524

74
46
29
26
3

232
63
169
5
164

11
2
9
1
8

16
16
-

46
2
44
44
-

29
ll
18
18
"

1

459
67
344

1
-

-

2
2
-

-

-

P ack ers, shipping (men)
Manufacturing __________________
_________
Nonmanufacturing
_ _
__
Wholesale trade ___ _______________________

1,4 76
T7 O f

1.8 4
1. 86

_
-

13
13
-

62
62
-

18
14

63

92
92
-

38
79
70 — 57“

106
102

242
193

69
62

136
135

5
5
-

3
3
-

13

3

4

13

3

4

1

92
$2
-

-

-

P ac k e rs, shipping (w o m e n )______________________
Manufacturing ___________ ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________ ____________
Receiving c l e r k s __________________________________
Manufacturing
_ _
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Public utilities^ ___________________________
Retail trade 4 ______________________________ J
Shipping clerk s
_
_ _
_
Manufacturing _________________________________

—

-

216

1.74
1.73

261
125
136

1.44
1.55
1.33

543

2. 05
2. 04
2. 08
2.69
1.79

247

4 l6
127

34
63
355
3T5—

2.21

-

~~S2~

4
-

1
-

28

17
13
4

-

-

.
-

22

38
V

-

-

10

32

28

_

_

2

17

2

-

16
-

-

2

10

_

.

12

—

-

1

— 2713

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




11
------ T ~
4
4

15
14

51
43
8

9
------- 4 ~
5
4
244
75

166
~T 5i“

2
-

169
168

9
-

1
-

4
-

49
44

7

57
5
52

6
6
-

18
17

.
-

4
4
"

19
19
-

1

48
43
5
5

45
41
4
-

42

4

4

3
n

39

15

8

10

3

1

5
5

5
5

_

_

_

1

858
466
220
172

—

1

—

w

30
12
45
---- ¥5“

36
31
5
3
22
20

82
70

12
8
65
65

4

16

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

"

"

"

-

60
47
13
5

30
26
2

39
33

2

6
-

8

-

6

-

37
36

4

22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

-

-

27
3
24

6
6
6

"

46
39
7

-

6
6
-

"

-

-

1
2

32

39

27

33

4

20
2b

18

2
1

1

1

-

"

20

“

-

-

-

16

18

19

•

22
-

4

4
“
15
13

II
T a b le A - 4 :

C u s to d ia l a n d

M a te r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Newark-Jersey City, N. J ., by industry division, December 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNING8 O
F—
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Occupation 1 and industry division

Avenge
$
$
hou
rly
1. 10
earnings * Under 1 .0 0
under
1. 00
.L..1Q - 1 .2 0
$
_
_
2. 18
i .H
2 .1 2
2 . 08
2 .5 8
2 .9 6
2 .3 9
2 .4 4
2 .4 9
2 .3 7
-

1.-&Q

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1. 80

$
1 .9 0

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

S
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2. 70

-L A O

L 7Q

1 .8 0

.1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

18
18
8

53
42
11
-

34
lo
24
21

160
73
87
3

62
35
27
27

115

80
50
30
5
1

574

55
1
36
15

551
15
18
40

336
57
279
39
224
-

-

-

18
5
13
-

-

7
7
7

5
5
-

84
10
74
1
52
21

19
16
9
-

58
23
35
18
6

-

-

-

-

19
5

2
-

2
-

28
16

31
24

454
1

-

-

-

7
7
7

5
5
-

57
5
52
52
-

14
16
4
-

31
22
9
-

37
34
3
1

42
19
23
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
-

-

-

-

2 .4 3
2 .4 6
2 .4 2
2 .4 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

24
24
18

1, 907
1,3 91
516
314
140

2 .2 0
2 . 18
2 .2 5
2 .2 3
2 .3 1

-

-

-

-

-

30
13
17
12
-

40
35
5
3
2

159
157

1.97
1 .9 *

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

8
8

79
14
65
32
9

58
31
27
6

51
n
38
6
8

115
“ 87—
28
4

54
46
8

-

-

19

4

608
93

2 .0 7
2 . 11

-

-

Tru ck d rivers, medium (IV 2 to and
including 4 tons) ________ ____________________
Manufacturing 9
Nonmanufacturing
________ __ _________
Public utilities t 1 0 __
— —
____
W holesale trade
_ _ _ _ _ _
__
Retail tra d e4 ________ ________________

2 ,7 6 8
1, 153
1 ,6 13
7 06
736
63

2 .6 5
3. 08
2 .3 3
2 .3 4
2 .3 8
2 .2 2

-

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler t y p e ) ________ ___________________ __
Manufacturing 1 ___________________ ______
1
Nonmanufacturing
_______________________
Public utilities f _____________________ _
Wholesale t r a d e ___ _______ _________

1, 914
394
1, 520
985
254

2 .6 6
3. 6 t
2 . 57
2 .5 2
2 . 81

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons, other
than tra iler type) ________________ _____ __
Manufacturing _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________
Wholesale trade
___
_
__ __

498
122
376
320

T ru ck ers, power (fo r k lift)______________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Public utilities f ___________________ ______
Retail tra d e4 __ _________________________
T ru ck ers, power (other than f o r k li f t ) _________
Manufacturing _______ _____ _____
_______

224
78

1, 048
"

611

434
145
85
82

1.6 3
"L I S '
1. 55
1.72
1 .4 9
1.5 3

-

6 . 89
“ 73----6
16
6

~

'

-

Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
A ll w orkers were at $ C 70 to $ 0. 80.
.
Excludes lim ite d -p rice variety sto res.
A ll w orkers w ere at $ 3 to $ 3 . 10.
Workers were distributed as follow s: 48 at $ 0. 80 to $ 0. 90;.36 at $ 0. 90 to $ 1.
Includes all d rivers regard less of size and type of truck operated.
Over a third of the w orkers (including 838 at $ 3 . 2 0 and over) w ere paid under bonus plans.
A lm ost half of the w orkers (including 537 at $ 3 .2 0 and over) w ere paid under bonus plans.
Over a fourth of the w orkers w ere paid under bonus plans.
A lm ost half of the w orkers (including 175 at $ 3 .2 0 and over) w ere paid under bonus plans,
Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.

33

8

it

1

21
3

1
1

16
13
3
-

5
5
5

5 •
r l
-

3
3
-

$
3 .0 0
and
over
15
—

W

-

21
13

4
2

8
8

22
21

61
2
59
3
-

298
34
264
32
224
-

723
31
692
485
176
31

255
82
173
74
79
20

90
51
33
25
4
4

204
185
19
19
-

31
12
19
13
-

117
9
2
7
-

18
8
10
10
-

30
'4
26
12
14
-

2
2
-

13
10
3
-

2
2
-

26

1
I
-

166

-

1264
11
1253
985
18

68
22
46
26

13
13
-

14
12
2
2

162
162
162

50
16
40
36

5
5
-

-

15
8
7
-

44
24
20
20

135
15
120
120

44
40
4

19
19
-

-

-

10
10
10

101
21
80
80

74
69
5
3
2

108
107
1
1
-

210
210
-

274
239
35
25
10

113
103
10
7

444
218
226
175
15

254
148
106
24
64

185
79
106
71
35

46
41
5
5

22
22
-

-

-

-

107
167
-

15
15

9
9

25
25

34
34

27
27

3
1

15
1$

11
ll

-

9
9

-

-

200
74
126
112

35
35
-

111
81
30
2

58
40
18
13
5

20
' l 8
2
2

18
15
3
3

18
17
1
1
_

37
37

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

99
33
66
2
36
28

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

-

-

-

14

-

'

817
~

w

26

"

- t w
in

­

25
82
5

1536
133
259
“ 224T "1 8 0 “ ' 124
1312
9
79
1004
13
2
7
22
40
286
20
_
_
17
1“
-

—

$
2 .9 0
3. 00

486
172
3 14
95
199
20

W

607

5
5
1

$
2 .8 0
2 .9 0

719
486
200
33

—

C
M

Tru ckdrivers, light (under 1 V2 t o n s ) _______
Manufacturing _______ ____________________




S
1 .5 0

14
5
9
9

6 ,5 4 6
2 ,4 3 2
4 , 114
1 ,7 39
1 ,3 74
454

6

1.4 0

1 .4 0

_
-

Truckdriver s 7 __ __ ________ _____ _____ _
Manufacturing 8 ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
__________
. ____ ____
Public utilities t ___________________________
Wholesale t r a d e ___________ __ ______________
Retail tra d e4 ________ ____________________

7
8
9
1
0
1
1
f
ft

1.3Q

$

_
-

449

1
2
3
4
5

$
1.3 0

.
-

Shipping and receiving c l e r k s ___________________
Manufacturing ____ ________ ___
______
Nonmanufacturing
________ ________________
Wholesale t r a d e ______ ________ _________

Watchmen _____ __________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Public utilities f ________ ______ ___ __
Wholesale trade _____ _______________ __
Finance f t
________________________

$
1 .2 0

126

46
46

'

48
16
32
32

_

—

V

■

108

-

233
35
1162
“ I T - " ” 7— " S7T '
12
226
291
10
12
31
214
*260
2
_
_
-

■

748
5 37
211
31
5 180
175
175“
-

_
-

-




B :

E s ta b lis h m e n t

P r a c tic e s

a n d

S u p p le m e n ta r y

W a g e

P r o v is io n s

Table B-1: Shift Differentials'
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
(a)
In establishments having
formal provisions for—

Shift differential

(b)
Actually working on—

Second shift
work

Total _______________________________________________

_____

_

15.0

4 .3

_

2 percent
5 percent
6 percent
7 or 7 V2 percent
9 percent
_ .........
...
10 percent
.. .
........
13 percent
........... .......................... . ...
. ..
15 percent _____________________________________________

80.4

15.0

4 .3

36.8

7 .4

3.2

.3
6 .2
1.7
3.9
3.1
1.0
14.4
4 .8
1.3
2 .3
.4
_
.6
-

.3
.8
_
1.3
10.0
.2
5 .3
.4
7 .6
4 .0
3.2
.4
1.2
1.6
.5

.1
1.2
.4
.7
.5
.3
2 .6
1.0
.3
.2
_
.1
_
*
"

_
01
_
.1
.6
.1
.4
.1
.3
.4
.7
*
.1
.3
-

45 .5

4 0.2

7.1

.7

.1
3.5
.1
3 .3
38.5
-

.1
.1
2 .4
.4
33.6
1. 1
2 .5

*
.6
*
.6
_
5 .9
-

*
_
*
*
.5
.1

_
2 .3

.3
3. 1

_

.5

*
.4

1.0

Under 5 cents _______________________________________ _
5 cents _________________________________________________
6 cents ______________________________________________ _
7 or 7 V2 cents
8 or 8 V2 cents
9 or 9 V cents _________________________________________
3
10 or 10% cents _______________________________________
11 or 11 % cents
12 or 12 V2 cents _______________________________________
14 cents
15 cents _______________________ _______________________
16 cents ________________________________________________
17 or 17Vio cents
18 cents ________________________________________________
19 cents _______________________________________ _______
20 c e n ts_____________ n
_______________________________ _
Over 20 cents _________________________________________

No shift pay differential

80.6

Third or other
shift

8 7.8

Uniform cents (per hour)

Full day's pay for reduced hours
Other formal pay differential

88 .8

Second shift

40 .0

With shift pay differential ___________________________________

Uniform percentage

Third or other
shift work

.2

*

*

1
Shift differential data are presented in terms of (a) establishment policy, and (b) workers actually employed on late shifts
at the time of the survey. An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following conditions:
(l) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
* Less than 0.0 5 percent.
Occupational Wage Survey, Newark-Jersey City, N. J. , December 1957
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

13

Table B-2:

Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1

Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rate in—
Manufacturing
Minimum rate
(weekly salary)

All
schedules

2 77

Manufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 2 of—
1

All
industries

Establishments studied

Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rate in—

Nonmanufacturing

35

37%

144

XXX

XXX

38%

XXX

All
schedules

40

35

133

XXX

XXX

All
industriei■
37%

XXX

All
schedules

40

XXX

277

144

35

38%

37%

XXX

XXX

40

All
schedules

35

37%

40

XXX

XXX

133

XXX

XXX

XXX

33

For Other Inexperienced Clerical Wonkers 3

For Inexperienced Typists
Establishments having a specified
minimum ___________________ ____

Nonmanufac taring

Based on standard weekly hours 2 of—

__

155

89

8

16

5

55

66

10

16

30

167

93

7

20

5

___________
___________

_
4
18
5
24
20
32
8
15
11
6
5
5
2
-

.
_
7
3
15
11
18
3
11
8
4
3
4
2
-

_
_
_
_
2
2
1
1
1
_
_
_
1
_

_
_
1
1
3
3
7
_
1
_
_
_
_
_
-

.
_
_
_
2
1

_

_
2
_
_
_
_
_
-

5
2
5
5
9
2
7
8
4
3
3
2
-

_
4
11
2
9
9
14
5
4
3
2
2
1
_
-

.
1
2
_
_
2
4
_
1
_
_
_
_
-

_
1
3
1
1
3
4
3
>
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
1
4
1
5
4
4
2
2
2
2
2
1
_
-

1
5
23
12
28
17
31
10
12
8
9
6
1
2
2

_
_
10
4
19
8
17
6
8
7
6
4
1
2
1

_
_
_
1
_
1
1
1
1
1
»
_
1
-

_
_
2
_
5
3
9
_
1
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
2
1
_
1
_
_
1
_
_

Establishments having no specified
minimum _____________________________

37

16

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

21

XXX

XXX

XXX

49

25

XXX

Establishments which did not employ
workers in this category _____________

84

39

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

45

XXX

XXX

XXX

60

26

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

-

$35.00
$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50
$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57. 50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00

and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and over

$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50
$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00

___________
___________
___________
___________
___________
___________
___________
___________
___________

Data not available _____________________

1

56

74

10

21

1
1
1
_
_
3
4
_
_
_
_

1
4
5
2
4
2
2
1
_
_

-

-

7
3
9
3
6
4
6
6
5
4
_
2
1

1
5
13
8
9
9
14
4
4
1
3
2
_
_
1

_
_
-

_
2
5
3
5
2
5
2
2
1
3
2
_
_
1

XXX

XXX

XXX

24

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

34

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

-

‘

1 Lowest salary rate formally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
2 Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries. Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the most common workweeks reported.
3 Rates applicable to messengers, office girls, or similar subclerical jobs are not considered.




Occupational Wage Survey, Newark-Jersey City, N. J. , December 1957
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

14

T a b le

B -3 :

S c h e d u le d

W e e k ly

H ou rs

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS1EMPLOYED IN—
W e ek ly h ours

A ll w o r k e r s

All
,
industries

__ ____

Under 35 h ours
__
_ ______________________
35 h ours ______________________ ________________________
36 h ours
_
____ ____________
3 6 V* h ours
_________ _____ _______________________
O ver 3 6 V* and under 3 7 V2 h ours
3 7 V2 hours ____________________________________________
O ver 3 7 V2 and under 3 8 3 h ours _______________
/*
3 8 3 h ours
/i
_
_
_________
O ver 383 and under 40 h o u r s _____ __ ________
/4
40 hour s
O ver 40 and under 48 h o u r s _______________________
48 h ours
O ver 48 hours

M
anufacturing

100

100

♦♦
16
**
3
**
29
3
10
1
37
**
**

*♦
8
**
3
-

15
*♦
20
*♦
54

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade3

100

100

100

59
**
**

8
11

Public
utilities'!'

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
AU .
industries

M
anufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

8

19

**
5

-

-

-

5

1
2
♦*
-

6
1
2

-

-

1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
98
1
_

_
_
_
3
3
_
87
1
3
2

Finance ■
["!■

-

-

-

21

62
10
3
1

-

-

2

4

24
3
-

-

-

-

39

56

-

-

-

64
1

-

-

-

-

-

Services

-

-

-

87
1
2
2

85
2
2
2

Public
utilities J

_
_
_
.
-

_
99
1
_

W
holesale
trade

Retail trad 3
fe

Services

------------------------ »

1 Estimates for office workers are not comparable with earlier studies.
See introduction, page 2.
2 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Excludes limited-price variety stores.
4 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
♦♦Less than 0.5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, Newark-Jersey City, N. J. , December 1957
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

15

T a b le

B -4 :

O v e r tim e

Pay

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
O ve rtim e p olicy

All
J
industries

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________________________

_

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities T

100

100

100

W
holesale
trade

100

Retail trade 2

100

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Finance f t

100

Services

All
3
industries

100

M
anufacturing

100

Public
utilities f

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade 2

100

100

100

Doily overtime
W o rk ers in e sta b lish m e n ts p roviding
p rem iu m p a y 4 ___________________________________

72

82

85

49

48

58

90

95

100

90

51

T im e and o n e -h a lf
____________________________
E ffe c tiv e after le s s than 8 h o u r s ________
E ffec tiv e after 8 h ou rs ____________________
Other
___________________________________________

72
23
49
**

82
15
67
-

85
2
83
-

49
9
40
-

45
35
10
3

58
45
13
-

90
8
81
**

95
9
85
-

100

-

90
1
89
-

46
12
34
6

15

49

44

42

9

5

-

10

33

-

1

-

-

-

15

99

100

100

77

100
1
99

77
3
61
13

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts providing
no p r em iu m pay or having no p o lic y __________

28

17

___

**

**

-

2

8

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providing
A
___________________________________
p r e m iu m pay

98

99

99

94

89

99

93

89
24

99
16
84

98
8
89

In form ation not a vaila b le

_________

_______

100

Weekly overtime

99

99

94

18
81

2
98

77

Effective after more than 40 hours____

98
15
82
**

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providing
no p r e m iu m pay or having no p o lic y _________

2

1

T im e and o n e - h a l f _____________________________
E ffe c tiv e after le s s than 4 0 h o u r s ---------E ffe c tiv e after 40 h ours _______________

In form ation not a v a ila b le

________________________

**

-

**

16

-

-

60
6

**

4

3

2

8

99
9

100
100

-

1

90
-

**

1

**

“

1

-

-

7
15

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Excludes limited-price variety stores.
3 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Graduated provisions are classified to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling for time and one-half after 8 and double, time after 10 hours a day would be con­
sidered as time and one-half after 8 hours.
Similarly a plan calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 37 1/z hours and time and one-half after 40 hours would be considered as time
and one-half after 40 hours.
** Less than 0.5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, Newark-Jersey City, N. J ., December 1957
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

16

Table B-5: W age Structure Characteristics and Labor-Management Agreements
Pi: r c e n t o f o f f ic e w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d i n —

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Item
All
industries1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities J

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 2

Finance ■ j"
j’

Services

AU
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities J

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 2

W a g e structure for tim e-rated workers4
F o r m a l rate stru ctu re _____________________________
Single ra te _______________________________________
Range o f r a te s _ ________________________________
Individual r a te s _____________________________________

50

2

69
3
66

31

88
2
86
12

32

87

-

-

32

87
13

68

92
54
37

10

8

75
25
9
14

2

48
50

90
51
39

71
29
17

1

2

73
71
27

*♦

-

1 00

90
62
27
10

28
72

69
40
29
31

88
12

82
18

M ethod of w a g e payment
for plant workers
T im e w orker's
_ . .... ..
Incentive w o r k e r s ________________________________ _
P ie c e w ork
Bonus w ork ______________________________________
C o m m is s io n _ __________________________________

DATA

NOT

COLLECTED

12

99
1
♦♦

-

-

2
10

♦♦
18

8 5 -8 9

5 0 -5 4

L abor-m anagem ent agreem ents5
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts w ith a g r e e m e n ts
cov erin g a m a jo r ity o f such w o r k e r s __________

2 5 -2 9

3 0-34

5 0 -5 4

5 -9

2 0 -2 4

10-14

8 5 -8 9

8 5 -8 9

95+

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Excludes limited-price variety stores.
3 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Estimates for office workers are based on total office employees, whereas estimates for plant workers are based on time-rated employees only.
5 Estimates relate to all workers (office or plant) employed in an establishment having a contract in effect covering a majority of the workers in their respective category. The estimates
so obtained are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by provisions of labor-management agreements, due to the exclusion of smaller size
establishments.
♦♦Less than 0 .5 percent.
I Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, Newark-Jer-sey City, N. J. , December 1957
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

r?

Table B-6:

Paid Holidays*

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N -

Item

All
a
industries

Manufacturing

Public ^
utilities J

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 3

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Finance f f

Services

All
4
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities -f

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 3

All workers _________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays _______________________________
Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays ______________________ — _

99

100

100

100

96

100

98

99

98

96

92

**

-

2

1

2

4

8

1
7
**
2
32
3
4
**
18
4
4
1
7
1
1

1
7
3
32
2
3
24
5
5
1
5
1
1
3

**
4

**

_
26
5
13
1
2
15
5
19

4
3
1
50
13
15
3
**
-

3

1
3
20
23
17

2
2

-

-

1

34

11

■

■
■

Services

■

"

4

'

Number of days

Less than 6 holidays __________________ ___
6 holidays________ _________________________
6 holidays plus 1 half day ___________________
6 holidays plus 2 half d ays---------- --------------6 holidays plus 3 half days__________________
7 holidays ___________________________________
7 holidays plus 1 half day ___________________
7 holidays plus 2 half days __________________
7 holidays plus 5 half days __________________
8 holidays ____________________________________
8 holidays plus 1 half day ___________________
8 holidays plus 2 half days __________________
8 holidays plus 3, 5, or 6 half d ays_________
9 holidays________________________ _ _______
9 holidays plus 1 half day ___________________
9 holidays plus 2 half days __________________
10 holidays __________________________________
10 holidays plus 1 half d ay______ __________
10 holidays plus 2 half days _________________
11 holidays __________________________________
11 holidays plus 1 half d ay-------------------- ----11 holidays plus 2 half days _________________
11 holidays plus 3 half days -------------------------12 holidays ______ _________________________
12 holidays plus 1 half day__________________
12 holidays plus 2 half days -------------------------13 holidays ___________________ _____________
Over 13 holidays____________
_____________

.
2
**
1
**
20
**
3
**
13
2
3
**
9
1
1
1
1
3

1

**

1
34
1
1
1
**

.
3
3
32
**
6
27
2
7
1
5
3
2
2
2
**
-

1
3
**

.
1
**
2
1
49
6

8
4
17
2
8
14
6
**
20

-

-

41

21

-

-

5
55
2
1
2
3

15
7
-

8
-

4
2
**
-

**
-

84
5
3
3

5
**

2
**

-

3

-

~

Total holiday tim e5

14V2 days ------------------------------------------------------14 or more days _____________________________
13 or more days _____________________________
12l!z or more days __________________________
12 or more days --------------------------------------------

**

**

**
2
4
38

**
**
1
5

_
41

See footnotes at end of ta b le .
t T r an sp o rtatio n (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s,
•ft F in an ce, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




_
21

_
8

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

**
**
1
6

**
2
3

“
“
34

~
~

“
-

5

10
94

11

O ccup ational W age Su rvey, N e w a r k -J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , D e c e m b e r 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B ureau of L a b o r S ta tistic s

18

Table B-6:

Paid Holidays* - Continued

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Item

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities y

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade3

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Financet t

Services

All
4
industries

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities t

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade3

Servioes

Total holiday tim e8 - Continued

11 V . or more days
j»
11 or more days
IOV2 or more days
10 or more days
9 V2 or more days

_ _ _ .....
9 or more d ay s______ _______ _____________
8 V2 or more days ___________________________
8 or more days
_ _ _ .
7 V2 or more days ___________________________
7 or more days _
_. _
6 V2 or more days
. _
.
6 or more days
5 V* or more days
.
_
5 or more days
_ _ _
4 or more days _______________________ _____
3 or more days

39
43
43
45
47
58
60
76
77
98
98
99
99
99
99
99

63
97
97

41
47
47
47
47
97
97
97
97
99
99

41
41
47
50
64
64
71
71
92
92

100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100

5

10
10
12
15
27
29

62

21

8

14
29
29
29
34
34
34
36
91
91
96
96
96
96
96

94
94
94
94
94
94
94
96
96

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

6
10
10

14

16
26

3

6
6
10
12
22

30
53
56
90
90
97
97
97
98
98

27
55
57
92
92
98
99
99
99
99

98

99
63
99
96
99

11

34
51
51
51
51
74
74
74
74
94
94
97
97
98
98
98

30
30
35
36
50
50
52
52
71
71
96
96
96
96
96

98
95
97
97
98
74
98
98
34
51
74
51
-

96
63
96
96
96
46
96
96
23
32
39
35
5
5

_
_
_
_

3
3

21

34
84
85

88
88
88
88
92

Holidays*
New Year’ s Day _ ______
_____
Washington*s Birthday
Decoration Day _____________________________
July 4th
__________________________________
Labor Day ___________________________________
Veteran* s Day _______________________________
Thanksgiving
Christmas ___________________________________
Good Friday ________________________________
Easter Monday ______________________________
Election D ay_________________________________
Columbus Day _______________________________
Lincoln’ s Birthday __________________________
Day after Thanksgiving _____________________
Christmas Eve ______________________________
Day (designated each year) __________________
7 a day Christmas Eve ______________________
V day New Year’ s Eve ______________________
a
V2 day Election Day _________________________

1
2
3
4
5

100
89

100

99

100

50

100
100
51

1

51
51
44
4

1
1

100

100

100

100
100
100

100
100
100

100
100

100
100

78

98

100
10
100
100

33
3
25
13

11
8
3
3

13

22

10
2

19
3

99

97

45
45
95
47
-

1

100
85

50
28
58
46
52
4
4
3

96
91
96
96
96
29
96
96
-

16
29
29
-

10
10

15

100
100
100
100
100
94

100
100
94
92
94
93

2

3
3
**

68
98
95
98
17
97
97
24
3
25
16
14

6

4
4

16
12
6

10

99
98

26

4
25

10
10
8

5
5
19
16

5

1

88
84

88
88
88
2
88
88

**
-

**
**
28

E s t im a t e s re la te to h o lid a ys provid ed annually.
Includ es data fo r s e r v ic e s in ad dition to th ose indu stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
E x c lu d e s lim it e d -p r ic e v a rie ty s t o r e s .
Includ es data fo r r e a l esta te and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose indu stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
A ll com b in ation s of fu ll and h a lf d ays that add to the sam e am ount a r e com b in ed ; fo r e x a m p le , the pro p ortion of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g a to ta l of 7 days inclu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and no h a lfd a y s ,
fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d a y s, and so on. P r o p o r tio n s w e re then cu m u lated .
Only the h o lid a ys or h a lf-d a y h o lid a ys provided to at le a s t 3 p e rcen t of the office or plant w o r k e r s in the a r e a a r e shown in th is tabu lation . A few other h olid ays or h a lf-h o lid a y s w e r e
p rovid ed .
* * L e s s than 0 . 5 p e rc e n t.
f T r a n sp o rta tio n (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s,
t t F in an ce, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .

6

6




19

Table B-7: Paid Vacations
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
V a ca tion p o licy

All .
industries

A ll w o rk e rs ____________________________________

_

M
anufacturing

Public
utilitiesy

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade 2

100

100

100

100

100

100
98
2
-

100
96
4
-

100
100

100
100

-

-

-

-

“

-

12
54
17
5

3
66
12
4

1
65
34

61
9

71
-

-

-

-

**

**

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
All ,
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities'}*

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100

100
100

-

100
92
7
1

100
90
8
2

100
100

-

100
100
-

100
98
2
-

"

"

-

-

-

37

25
23
7

32
14
3

1
39
40

Finance "j"f

Services

Muthod off paymont
W ork ers in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
paid vacation s _
_________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent _____________________
P e r c e n ta g e p a y m e n t __________________________
F la t-s u m paym ent ____________________________
W ork ers in esta b lis h m e n ts p rovidin g no
paid v a ca tion s ___________________________________

-

-

Amount off vacation p a y 4
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek _ ___________________________________
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s ___________________________________________

_

_

28
26
9

**

-

**

12
33
11

_
65
_

-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w e e k ______ ____________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________ _____
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ______________________
2 w eeks ______________ ____________________ ________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___ ________________

3 weeks ___________________________________ ___

_

9

**

**

**

92

89

2
98

6

**
**

-

1

-

4
1
94

100

_
7
92
1

_
35
58
7

-

_
100

_

_
78
4
16

31

-

67
4
26
1
3

35
30
33

2

_
20
3
58
4
15

_
33
58
9

30
_
64
6

-

-

After 2 years of service
1 w eek____________________________________ ___
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _____________________
2 weeks
__________________________________ _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____________________
3 weeks
______
__________ _____________

3
1
95
1

_

_
-

4

7

-

_

_

22

94
1

86
7

100

-

-

43
1
3

**

1

1
2
95
1
1

1
4

-

-

92
_

100

92
1
3

_
-

2

19

_

62
4
15

14

_
77
9
-

6

_

88
6

-

After 3 years of service
1 week
_
______
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
_____________
2 weeks ___ _______ ______________ ____________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _
_______
3 weeks
_____ __ __________ ___ ________

3

_
.

4

See footnotes at end of table.
■ Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
f
f f Finance, insurance, and real estate.




NOTE:

2
91
7

_
100

.

13
23
57
1
5

16
31
48

_

5

_
_
81
4
15

_
5
85

9

1

-

93
6

1

Occupational Wage Survey, Newark-Jersey City, N. J ., December 1957
U.S. DERkRTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length-of-tim e,"
such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, were converted to an equivalent time
basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.

20

Table B-7: Paid Vacations - Continued
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities "J
"

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 2

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Finance "j"

Services

All
industries'1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities "j-

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 2

Amount of vacation p a y 4- Continued
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 2 w eek s
2 w eek s
__
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eeks _
4 w eek s _

___
_____

**■
76
13
10
1

**

_

93

93

1
4
2

7
-

**
54
14
31
1

_
67
7
23
3

_
86
14
-

**
10
1
82
1
6

10
85
_
5

-

_
89
1
6

_

3

64
17
19
-

_
41
38
21
-

3
82
6
7
2

4
84
5
4
3

_
75
4
21
-

61
9
30
1

_
70
12
18
-

_
63
1
33
3

_
43
2
55
-

_
26
34
40
-

2
56
13
27
2

2
57
16
22
3

_
58
4
38
-

_
31
14
54
1

50
**
50
-

2
16
**
73
3
5

2
14
_
77
4
4

_

_
8
4
54
5
29

34
_
51
_
15

2
16
**
70
3
9

2
13

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 2 w eeks
2 w eeks
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s
3 w eeks
4 w eeks

_

____
____

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
Under 2 w eeks
2 w eeks
___ __
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eeks
O ver 3 and under 4 w ee k s
4 w eek s
___

.... -

______

_

____

_

_
2
-

98
-

-

_
13
1
80
_
6

_

43
45
_
12

_
4
2
80
3
10

1

4
95
_
-

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 2 w eeks ____________________________________
2 w eek s
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eek s
_
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s _____________________
4 w eek s

**
9
**
66

_

_

10

2

-

_

82

96

_

13
1
75

_

_

43

4

_

_

21

38

_

_

_

_

_

_

24

9

2

11

37

57

_

75
4
6

_
1
4
93
_

2

_
8
4
46
5
37

.
_
36
_
34

30

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 2 w eek s _ _
2 w eek s
__ _____ _ _
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s
3 w eek s
_____
O ver 3 and under 4 w ee k s
4 w eek s
__ _

_____
_
____
_____
_______________________
_______________________
_______
_
____

**
9
**
51
1
39

_

_

9

2

-

-

69
1
21

62

_

9
1
57

_

43
-

_
4
-

12

25

-

-

_

_

36

32

46

71

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Excludes limited-price variety stores.
3 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarly reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.
**L.ess than 0. 5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




2
15
**
55
2
25

2
13

_

1

8

34

_

4

61

50

2
43

32

7
40

34

3

_

22

45

_
_

For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years' service

21

Table B-8:

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Type of plan

All workers

Workers in establishments providing:
Life insurance ______ __________________
Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance ___
__________ _____
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both4 ___
_____ ________
Sickness and accident insurance ________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)________________________
Hospitalization insurance
Surgical insurance _________________________
Medical insurance_________________________
Catastrophe insurance _____________________
Retirement pension________________________
No health, insurance, or pension plan____

All
industries1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities ^

100

100

100

94

95

48

62

(*)

51

(5)
77

(5)

(5)

7
76
75
57
14
86
**

3
83
82
58
14
85
**

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 2

100

100

98

97

80

56

83

34

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Finance

100

Services

All
,
industries

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities"j-

100

100

100

96

92

93

21

52

55
81
79

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 2

100

100

1 00

96

75

27

67

34

97
51

77
62

Services

85
52

(5)

(5)
58

16

81
71

(5)

(5)

(5)

(5)

19

14

31

18

43

3

5

-

7
86
84
61

43
48
48
36
95

8
79
79
64
9
70
4

8
86
80
61

36

49
18
18
12
95

(5)

52

(5)

68

61

85
72

24

24
65

16

11

92

76

3
91
90
64
13
79

2

1

85

88

85

83

81

67

3

16

68
6

1 In clu des data fo r s e r v ic e s in add ition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 E x clu d e s l im it e d -p r ic e v a r ie ty s t o r e s .
3 Inclu des data fo r r e a l e state and s e r v ic e s in add ition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
4 U nduplicated total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce shown s e p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ick le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th ose w h ich d efin itely e s ta b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m num ber o f d a y s ' pay that can be e x p e cte d by each e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d on an individ ual b a s is a r e ex c lu d e d .
5 Data not a v a ila b le .
* * L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
• T r a n sp o rta tio n (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ica tio n , and other public u t ilit ie s .
f
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




O ccu p ation a l W age S u rv ey , N e w a r k -J e r s e y C ity, N. J. , D e ce m b e r 1957
U .S . D EPA R T M E N T O F LA BO R
B u reau o f L a b or S ta tistics

22

Appendix’ Job Descriptions
*
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to
a s sist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing su pervisors, appxentices, learn ers, beginners, trainees, handicapped w orkers, p a rt-tim e,
tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

Office
B ILLER,

MACHINE

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, b illers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follow s:
B iller, machine (billing m achine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott F ish er, Burroughs, e t c ., which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from cu stom ers' purchase ord ers, internally prepared
ord ers, shipping m emoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
n ecessary extensions, which m ay or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott F ish er, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare cu stom ers'
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on cu stom ers' ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
m atically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slip s.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash R egister, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
D eter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
cu stom ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under b iller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or a ssist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK,

ACCOUNTING

C lass A - Under general direction of a .bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping ohe or m ore sections of a co m ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish ­
m ent's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c ­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May a ssist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerk s.
C lass B - Under supervision, perform s one or m ore routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers; entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the m ore routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several w orkers.

23

CLE R K , FILE
C lass A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system . C la ssifies and indexes correspondence or other m aterial;
may also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
m aterial in the file s.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
C lass B - P erfo rm s routine filing, usually of m aterial that
has already been classified , or locates or a ssists in locating m a ­
terial in the file s . May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers1 orders for m aterial or merchandise by
m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sheet
listing the item s to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of custom er, acknowledge receipt of orders from
custom ers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
ord ers.

K E Y -P U N C H OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon si­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on reco rd s.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
P erfo rm s various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m a ile rs, opening
and distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
P erfo rm s secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential m a il, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

CLERK, P A YR O LL
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on tim e or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker*s name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks
and a ssist paymaster in making up and d is ­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

P rim a ry duty is to take dictation from one or m ore persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
w riter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include tran­
scrib ing-m achine work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

P rim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

P rim a ry duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-m achine work.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
m atter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes n ecessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto m a ster. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m a sters.
May sort, collate, and staple co m ­
pleted m aterial.




Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
c a lls.
May record toll calls and take m e ssa g es.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone ord ers.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

24
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE O PERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD O P ERATO R-REC EPTIO N IST

tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p osi­
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerica l work may take the m ajor part of this w orker’ s
while at switchboard.

TABULA TING-M ACH INE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints tra n s­
lated data on form s or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagram s; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary m achines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or sim ilar machine is cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
U ses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerica l work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing sim ple records, filing records and reports or sorting and d is­
tributing incoming m a il.
C lass A - P erfo rm s one or m ore of the following:
Typing
m aterial in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining m aterial from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
form ity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form .
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circum stances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine reco rd s.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. W orkers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Profe s sional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR,
(A ssistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
po ses. U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May p re­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsm an.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or m ore draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or p re­
lim inary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal ord ers; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing m ore difficult problem s. May a ssist subordinates during




C lass B - P erfo rm s one or m ore of the following:
Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of fo rm s,
insurance policies, e tc . ; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying m ore complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

nd

Technical

DRAFTSM AN, LEADER - Continued
em ergencies or as a regular assignm ent,
of a supervisory or administrative nature.

or perform related duties

D RAFTSM AN, SENIOR
P repares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, m aps, c r o s s -s e c tio n s , etc.,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of m a teria ls, beam s and
tr u sse s; verifying completed work, checking dim ensions, m aterials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
W ork is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrica l, m echanical, or structural drafting.

25
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following; Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attendingto subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare,
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

and

TRACER
Copies
tracing cloth or
Uses T-square,
simple drawings

and

plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
and do simple lettering.

Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one~~engineer are excluded!

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician*s handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

26

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment.
In general, the
machinist’s work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency.
In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

27

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipe fittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber*s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

and

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker ! s handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker*s work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplier
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, arid
restrooms.
Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

28

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers' orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers' houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is r e ­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices] routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness ol shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under IV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING O FF IC E :

15 O - 4 6 8
98 6 7 6

O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u rvey s
O ccupational wage surveys are being con ducted in 19 major labor m a/kets during late 1957 and early 1958. T hese bu lletin s, numbered 1224-1
through 1224-19* when ava ila b le may be purchased from the Superintendent o f Docum ents, U. S. Government Printing O ffice , Washington 25, D. C.,
or from any of the regional o ffic e s shown below .

A summary bulletin containing data for all labor markets, combined with additional analysis will be issued early in 1959.
B ulletins for the labor markets listed below are now ava ila b le.
Seattle, Wash., August 1957 — BLS B ull. 1224-1, price 20 cen ts
B oston, M ass., September 1957 — BLS B ull. 1224-2, price 25 cen ts
Baltimore, Md., August 1957 — BLS B ull. 1224-3, price 25 cen ts
D allas, T e x ., O ctober 1957 — BLS B ull. 1224-4, p rice 20 cen ts
St. L o u is, Mo., November 1957 — BLS B ull. 1224-5, price 25 cen ts




P h iladelph ia, P a ., O ctober 1957 — BLS B ull. 1224-6, price 25 cents
Denver, C o lo ., Decem ber 1957 - BLS B ull. 1224-7, price 25 cen ts
San F rancisco-O ak lan d, C a lif., January 1958 — BLS B ull. 1224-8,
price 25 cen ts
Memphis, T enn ., January 1958 - BLS B ull. 1224-9, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102