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Occupational Wage Survey

NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA
FE B R U A R Y

B u lle tin

N o .

1 2 2 4 -1 1

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF IABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



1 9 5 8

BU REAU OF LABO R STATISTICS
Ew an Claguo, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
NEW O R LEA N S, LO U ISIA N A




FEBRUARY 1958

B u lle tin No. 1224-11
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BU REAU OF LABO R STATISTICS
Ew an Clagua, Comntission«r

May 1958

F sale by the Superintendent of D
or
ocum
ents, U S. Governm P
.
ent rinting Office, Washington 25, D C. - Price 20 cents
.




Contents

Preface

Page
The Community Wage Survey Program

Tables:
1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope of su rvey___________
Percent changes in standard weekly salaries and straighttime hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
for selected periods __________________________________________

A: Occupational earnings * A - 1: Office occupations ____________________________
A -2 : Professional and technical occupations ______
A -3 : Maintenance and powerplant occupations _____
A -4 : Custodial and material movement occupations
B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions * B - 1: Shift differentials ________________________________________
B -2: Minimum entrance rates forwomen office workers _____
B -3: Scheduled weekly hours __________________________________
B -4; Overtime p ay _____________________________________________
B -5: Wage structure characteristics and labormanagement agreements ________________________________
B -6; Paid holidays _____________________________________________
B -7: Paid vacations ____________________________________________
B -8 : Health, insurance, and pensionplans ____________________
Appendix: Job descriptions _________ ___________________________________
* NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are availa­
ble in the New Orleans area reports for December 1951, November
1953, and November 1955.
Prior to the present report no tabu­
lations had been presented for wage structure characteristics or
labor-management agreements except in the 1953 report, which also
provides a tabulation of overtime pay provisions. A directory indi­
cating date of study and the price of the reports, as well as re­
ports for other major areas, is available upon request.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are
available for the following trades or industries: Building construc­
tion, printing, local-transit operating employees, and motortruck
drivers and helpers.

2
4

oo o




1
4

to

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied.
This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the earlier report. A consolidated
analytical bulletin summarizing the results of all of the
year!s surveys is issued after completion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of surveys.

Introduction_____________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups _________________________

11
12
13
13
14
15
17
19
21




Occupational W age Survey - New Orleans, La.*
Introduction
The New Orleans area is one of several important industrial
centers in which the Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics
has conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage bene­
fits on an areawide basis. In each area, data are obtained by Bureau
field agents from representative establishments within six broad in­
dustry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation (excluding railroads),
communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade;
finance, insurance, and real estate; and services.
Major industry
groups excluded from these studies, besides railroads, are govern­
ment operations and the construction and extractive industries. E s­
tablishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted also because they furnish insufficient employment in the occu­
pations studied to warrant inclusion.1 Wherever possible, separate
tabulations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job (see appendix for listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A-series tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
* This report was
Atlanta, Ga. , by Bernard
Woytych, Regional Wage
1 See table on page




prepared in the Bureau's regional office in
J. Fahres, under the direction of Louis B.
and Industrial Relations Analyst.
2 for minimum-size establishment covered.

to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they re­
late to office and plant workers.
The term "office w ork ers," as
used in this bulletin, includes all office clerical employees and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
"Plant workers" include working foremen and allnonsupervisory work­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative, executive, professional, and technical employees, and
force-account construction employees who are utilized as a separate
work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are ex­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant workers
in nonmanufacturing industries.
Shift differential data (table B -l) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy,2 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other" was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B-2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on a n establishment, rather
L
than on an employment basis. Overtime pay practices; paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated
statistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
2 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.

2

workers if a majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices listed.
Scheduled hours, wage structure
characteristics, and labor-management agreements are treated sta­
tistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
workers if a majority are covered.3 Because of rounding, sums of
individual items in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.
The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided.
The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time. The
third section presents a list of the paid holidays and the proportions
of workers to whom they are granted annually.
The summary of vacation plans is limited to formal arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the employer. Separate estimates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week1s pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmenfs compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com­
mercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or

paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions,4 plans are included only if the employer (l) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the workerls pay during absence from work
because of illness. Separate tabulations are provided according to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
3
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section of established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
it
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
table B-3) were presented in earlier years in terms of the propor­
tion of women office workers employed in offices with the indicated
but informal sick, leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
weekly hours for women workers.
were excluded.
Table 1:

Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in New Orleans, La. , 1 by m ajor industry division, February 1958

Industry division

Minimum
employment
in estab lish ­
ments in scope
of study

Number of establishm ents
Within
scope of
study a

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of stud}r

Studied

Studied
Total 3

Office

Plant

Total 3

M l d i-iM c n -

51

674

126, 600

1 9 ,1 0 0

8 0 ,6 0 0

6 5 ,7 1 0

Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication,
and other public u tilitie s4 -----------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade --------------------------------------------------------------------------------Retail trade ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real estate -------------------------------------------Services 6 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

51
51

188
486

52
107

4 3 ,2 0 0
8 3 ,4 0 0

3, 600
15, 500

3 4 ,6 0 0
46, 000

2 2 ,5 1 0
4 3 ,2 0 0

51
51
51
51
51

101
130
153
54
48

26
22
33
12
14

2 7 ,1 0 0
1 2 ,1 0 0
28, 600
7, 400
8, 200

1 0 ,2 0 0
(5)
2 2 ,9 0 0
(?)
(5)

18, 610
3, 120
1 4 ,4 6 0
2, 690
4, 320

_________159___________

4, 100
(5)
3, 000
(?)
(5)

1 The New Orleans Metropolitan A rea (Jefferson, O rleans, and St. Bernard P a rish e s).
The "w ork ers within scope of stu d y " estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description
of the size and com position of the labor force included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a b asis of com parison with other area employment indexes to m easure e m ­
ployment trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded
from the scope of the survey.
* Includes a ll establishm ents with total em ployment at or above the m in im u m -siz e lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair serv ic e, and
m otion-picture theaters are considered as 1 es-tablishment.
3 Includes executive, technical, p rofession al, and other w orkers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
4 A lso excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation.
5 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A and B tables, although coverage was insufficient to ju stify separate presentation of data.
^ Hotels; personal se r v ic e s; business se r v ic e s; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and architectural s e r v ic e s.




3

Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors1 fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured.
Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker's life.
With reference to wage structure characteristics, proportions
of time and incentive workers directly reflect employment under each




pay system. However, because of technical considerations, all time­
rated workers (plant or office) in an establishment were classified to
the predominant type of rate structure applying to these workers.
Incentive-worker employment was classified according to the pre­
dominant type of incentive plan in each establishment.
Graduated provisions for premium overtime pay were classi­
fied to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling
for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours a day
was tabulated as time and one-half after 8 hours. Similarly, a plan
calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 3 7 l/ z hours (regular
weekly schedule) and time and one-half after 40 was considered as
time and one-half after 40 hours.

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
The table below presents percents of change in salaries of
women office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average
earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
cents of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for over­
time and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The per­
centages are based on data for selected key occupations and include
most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The of­
fice clerical data are based on women in the following 18 jobs: Billers,
machine (billing machine); bookkeeping-machine operators, class A
and B; Comptometer operators; clerks, file, class A and B; clerks,
order; clerks, payroll; key-punch operators; office girls; secretaries;
stenographers, general; switchboard operators; switchboard operatorreceptionists; tabulating-machine operators; transcribing-machine op­
erators, general; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse
data are based on women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; millwrights; painters; pipefitters;
sheet-metal workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled— janitors,
porters, and cleaners; laborers, material handling; and watchmen.
Average weekly salaries or average
computed for each of the selected occupations.
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the
1953 and November 1955 employment in the




hourly earnings were
The average salaries
average of November
job.
These weighted

earnings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an ag­
gregate for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for a given year to the aggregate for other years was com­
puted and the difference between the result and 100 is the percent of
change from one period to another.
The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of
(l) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in the labor force such as labor turnover, force expan­
sions, force reductions, and changes in the proportion of workers
employed by establishments with different pay levels. Changes in the
labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational av­
erages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction
in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite ef­
fect.
The movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area
could cause the average earnings to drop, even though no change in
rates occurred in other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the percents of change influenced by
changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime,
since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1957 for workers in 14 major
labor markets appeared in BL.S Bull. 1202, Wages and Related Bene­
fits, 17 Labor Markets, 1956-57.

Table 2: Percent changes in standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings
for selected occupational groups in New Orleans, L a ., for selected periods
Percent in creases from —
Industry and occupational group

November 1955
to
February 1958

November 1953
to
November 1955

D ecem ber 1951
to
November 1953

D ecem ber 1951
to
February 1958

A ll industries:
Office clerica l (women) ______ _ _
Industrial nurses (women) _ _
Skilled maintenance (men)
______
Unskilled plant (men)
_____

13.4
13.5
15.2
18. 1

3. 0
8. 5
9 .0
6. 0

10.2
23. 8
21.8
10.7

35. 0
52.4
52.9
38.6

Manufacturing:
O ffice clerica l (women) __________
Industrial nurses (women) _
_
Skilled maintenance (men) _
Unskilled plant (men)

12.4
16. 1
16.4
15.2

8. 1
8. 3
7 .6
8.7

11.4
25.7
22.2
4.7

35.3
58. 1
53. 1
31.0

A: Occupational Earnings

5

T a b le A - l: O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s
(A v e r a g e

s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in N ew O r le a n s , L a . , b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , F e b r u a r y 1 9 5 8 )

Avkbaoii
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N ber
um
of
w
orker*

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

$
W
eekly ,
W
eekly 30 . 00
hour* 1 earnings 1
(Standard) (Standard) under
3 5 .0 0

$
35 . 00

$
4 0 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

*
6 5 .0 0

$
70 . 00

$
7 5 .0 0

$
80. 00

$
85. 00

$
9 0 . 00

4 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

65. 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

85. 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00 100. 00 105.00 110.00 115.00

$
$
95 . 00 100.00

$
$
105.00 110.00

$
115.00
and
over

M en
C le r k s, accounting, c la s s A ___________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________
Public u tilitiest __________________________________
Retail trade _______________________________________

542
147 '
395
136
46

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
43. 0

$
8 7 .0 0
6 7 .5 6
8 6 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

C le r k s, accounting, c la s s B ______________________
Manufacturing ________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________
P ublic utilities f __________________________________

306
67
239
84

40. 0
4 6 .0
4 0 .5
3 9 .5

6 6 .0 0
6 9 .0 6
6 5 .5 0
6 5 .5 0

-

-

4
4
-

C le r k s, order ____________________________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________

492
54
438

4 0 .0
46. 0
40. 0

6 6 .0 0
6 9 .0 6
6 5 .5 0

-

-

_
-

-

C le r k s, payroll __________________________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________

84
41
43

40. 0
46. 0
40. 0

8 0 .5 0
81. 00
80. 00

O ffice boys ________________________________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________
P ublic u tilities-f __________________________________

238
50
188
61

3 9 .5
46 . 0
3 9 .5
38. 5

Tabulating-m achine operators _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________

95
72

B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) _________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________

-

-

-

-

19
19
10

17
4
13
4
4

40
13
27
11
7

24
11
13
7
-

103
29
74
31
2

51
11
40
22
5

79
25
54
13
10

78
12
66
30
-

21
11
10
1
-

42
s
34
13
6

16
4
12
3
-

18
18
1

49
13"
34
16

42
3
34
16

46
46
22

40
19
21
7

15
3
12
2

33
8
25
1

20
1
19
9

33
9
24
8

3
1
2
2

1
1
-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

29
29

94
2
92

82
27
55

49
6
43

54
54

50
50

37
37

47
1
46

34
15
19

16
3
13

-

-

-

-

"

-

19
14
5
1
-

33
5
28
2

-

-

1
j..

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

10
8
2

2
2

7
7

1
1
-

8
3
5

10
5
5

12
8
4

6
4
2

10
10

2
1
1

10
9
1

3
1
2

1
1
-

2
2

4 4 .5 0
4 6 .5 0
4 4 . 00
4 4 . 50

1
1

7
7
-

135
34
101
31

65
3
60
26

19
6
13
1

8
2
6
3

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 9 .5
39. 5

7 7 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

.

_

.

_

_

“

"

6
6

10
10

17
7

8
6

9
7

8
6

5
3

3
2

-

"

20
id

1

-

6
6

'

'

2
1

188
46
142

40. 0
39. 5
40. 0

53. 00
60 . 00
5 0 .5 0

-

-

40
40

49
2
47

33
33

27
23
4

19
i6
3

15
3
12

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) .
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e __________________________________

77
77
66

42. 0
42. 0
41. 5

4 7 .0 0
4 7 .0 0 ~1
4 7 .0 0

19
19
19

31
31
24

12
12
10

7
7
5

6
6
6

_
-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

_
-

"

2
2
2

B o o k k e e p i n g -m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________ _______________
R e t a i l t r a d e __________________________________

120
55
65
26

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
40. 0
40. 0

6 2 .0 0
T 5700
60 . 00
56. 00

_
-

-

.
-

-

-

2
2
2

20
4
16
-

50
29
21
8

16
14
2
-

8
8
'

8
7
1
1

1
1
1

2
1
1
1

-

-

13
13
13

-

-

-

-

-

-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________

621
78
543
93

40. 0
39. 0
4 0 .0
41 . 0

5 2 .5 0
6 3 .5 0
5 1 .0 0
4 7 .5 0

2
2
2

2
2
2

94
94
30

159
159
22

170
19
151
18

104
14
90
13

25
7
18
3

30
14
16
2

9
7
2
1

15
13
2
-

7
2

4
2
2
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 9 .5

7 4 .0 0
74. 50
74 . 00
76. 00
6 7 .0 0

.

_
-

3

2
2
2

14
14
9

17
17
8
2

13

17
12

9

-

1
1
-

-

1

3

1
3

2
2
-

9

5

11
1
10
7

4

5

15
7
8
3

17

10

22
11
11

41

-

W om en

R e ta il tra d e

__________________________________

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A __________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ^ ___________________________
R e ta il tra d e

__________________________________

S e e fo o tn o te a t e n d o f t a b le .
■f T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) ,




186

45
141
50
43

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

~ io n r ~

39. 0
3 8 .5
41. 0

-

a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i li t i e s ,

3
3

3

5

5

5
-

4

5

37
12
14

12

9
1

-

-

-

6
T a b le A - l: O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in New O rlean s, L a ., by industry division, F ebru ary 1958)
Avkbaqii
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

$
W
eekly
W
eekly 30. 00
hou 1 earnin 1 and
rs
gs
(Standard) (Standard) under
3 5 .0 0

$
35. 00

$
4 0 . 00

4 0 ,0 0

45, Q
O

$
4 5 . 00

$
50. 00

$
5 5 .0 0

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

$
70. 00

$
75 . 00

$
80. 00

$
85. 00

$
90 . 00

$
100.00

$
105.00

$
110.00

Qfl. 5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

70. 00

75 . 00

80. 00

85. 00

90 . 00

9 5 . 00 100.00 105.00

110.00

115.00

$
9 5 .0 0

$
115.00
and

W omen - Continued
619
169
45 0
95

3 9 .5
39. 5
39. 0
4 1 .5

5 6 .0 0
5 7 .5 0
5 5 .0 0
5 2 .5 0

.
-

2
2
2

........

50
44

3 8 .5
36. 5

59 . 00
5 7 .5 0

_

.

C lerk s, file , c la ss B
_
........ _
Nonmanufacturing
. . .......
_
R etail trade __________________________________________

316
293
61

40 . 0
40 . 6
40. 5

4 5 .5 0
4 5 .5 0
4 2 .0 0

C lerk s, order __ _ _
._ ___
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____
_ _ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing _
Retail trade __________________________________________

205
43
162
41

40.
40.
40.
40.

5 6 .5 0
6 3 .5 0
55. 00
4 7 .5 0

7
7
-

20
8
12
6

34
17
17
1

22
11
11
6

27
10
17
8

30
30
16

64
5
59
11
28

79
10
69
11
22

34
2
32
1
14

19
1
18
8
3

57
57
5
8

36
3
33
7
9

22
3
19
3
8

_

2
2

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B
M a n u fa c tu rin g __ __
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
R etail trade
____________ __________________________
C le r k s, file , c la ss A
_
Nonmanufacturing ............... .

0
0
0
5

46
133
146
------- 5 — — 5TT~ — T ?
43
103
109
10
26
19

131
— 53
65
16

39
------- 5“
33
7

76
4
72
15

14
5
9
-

-

-

7
7

15
14

12
11

2
-

2
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
3

25
4
21
13

24
24
6

41
8
33
6

15
5
10
'

35
11
24
1

40
2
38
5

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

2
2
-

2
2
-

"

11
9
2
2

-

-

-

2
2
-

_
-

-

-

18
18
3

77
-------7 5

40. 0
40. 0

4 0 . 50
4 0 . 00

10
10

12
12

41
40

10
8

2
2

7 34
190
544
2 05
95

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
39. 0
40. 0

7 6 .5 0
79. 50
75. 50
7 7 .5 0
69 . 00

_
-

_
-

5
5
-

14
_
14
-

53

-

-

-

-

27
27
4
8

50
11
13

60
12
48
15
12

126
38
88
34
25

39.
39.
39.
38.
40.

6 2 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
61 . 00
58. 00
5 3 .5 0

_
-

_
-

29
10
19

-

-

15

100
2
98
58
16

209
40
169
53
32

151
36
115
28
33

268
40
228
90
14

198
83
115
18
9

36
36
30

53
53
2
32

63
61
7
42

54
52
17
7

19
18
1
7

28
23
5
2

Stenographers, general
Manufacturing
_
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities
Retail trade _
Switchboard operators
Nonmanufacturing
_
Public utilities ■ ...
{
•
Retail trade
_

...
__ _ .
_ _

_
.......
_

_

.

____

......... _
_ ..............
....... ...
. . .
_ _ .................
.
___

..... .
____

_

.

___

_ ....

1, 178
287
891
263
122
385
364
41
125

5
5
5
5
0

-

42. 0
4 6 . 50
99
“ 4270 ' ' 4 5 :5 0 ' “ 9 r _
57. 00
39. 5
4 1 .5
4 4 . 00
5

See footnote at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public utilities,




_
-

5
5
5

-

_ .

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

. . .

-

_
-

_
-

5 8 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
56. 00
5 7 .5 0
54. 00

_ _

-

_
-

_
-

3 9 .5

_
__

-

_
-

3
3
-

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
38. 5
40. 0

____

-

_
-

-

2
2
-

198
27
171
29
32

_

-

-

7
7
-

_
-

. ___

_

29
28
11

_
-

.... ......

-

_

31
27
-

00
50
00
00
50

. . _

-

_

64
58
2

58.
67.
56.
60 .
50.

_ _

-

_

143
131
16

39. 5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

Secretaries
_
Manufacturing ___
Nonmanufacturing _
Public utilities f
Retail trade
_

-

_

-

328
60
268
50
93

____

-

_

2
2
-

37
37
32

C om ptom eter operators ____ ______
Manufacturing
. _ ..................
Nonmanufacturing ___
______
Public utilities f . _
__
R etail trade
_
_
_

...
_ _ ...
______________________________

.
_
_

_
_
-

_
-

59. 00
62 . 00
5 7 .0 0
56. 00

Office g irls
____
Nonmanufacturing

.
_
_

3
3
-

-

39. 5
39. 5
39. 0
4 0 .5

Key-punch operators ______________________________________
Manufacturing ____ _ _
...............
Nonmanufacturing
......... .
Public utilities
R etail trade __________________________________________

_
_
_

10
1
9
3
3

194
87
107
29

3 9 .0

2

2
2
-

5
5

C lerk s, payroll
.......... ..
Manufacturing
_
__ _
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Retail trade
_
.......

____
. .....

15
r r

4
4

_
-

.

—

-

-

-

22
8
14
3

26
11
15
1

"
2
1
1
1

2
1
1

-

1
1
-

-

-

10
4
6
-

4
2
2
1
-

17
9
8
-

3
2
1
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
6
3
1
-

6
2
4
1
-

8
3
5
1
-

4
2
2
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

.
-

.
-

_
-

-

5
4
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

135
39
96
45
12

57
20
37
17
13

48
12
36
19
7

61
13
48
13
“

28
16
12
10
-

31
— re
16
5
2

8
3
5
5

5
5
2
-

22
----- 3 —

37
6
31
5
-

19
13
6
1
-

13
12
1

7
1
6

5
5

-

1

46
7
2

69
18
51
3
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
12
6

3
1
-

2
2
1

_
-

1
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

.
-

10
4

12
7
5
2
1

12
2
10
3
1

28
45
----- ^T“ — r r ~ '
34
20
8
16
6
6

11

------5
2

54
— n r~
44

24
2
72
26

6
1

2
2
-

_
-

15
12
3
1

2
2
1

_
-

1

18
1
1

7

.T a b l e A - l :

O f fi c e O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in New Orleans, La. , by industry division, February 1 9 5 8 )
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV I N G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

Average

Sex, occupation, arid industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly,
hours
(Standard)

Weekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

$
30. 00
35. 00

Women

-

u t i l i t i e s "j"

■
6 0 . 00

6 5. 00

50

10
3
7

$
40. 00

4 0. 00

"
4 5 . 00

50. 00

5 5 . 00

15
9
6

31

20
11

48
28
20
4

22
8

6 0 . 00

$
65. 00

$

$

70. 00

$

...................................

216
108
32

$
5 6. 50
39. 5
' ' 3 9 . ? .... ■ ~ ? 6 r o < r
40. 0
57. 00
60. 00
39. 0

_
-

5
5

4

Tabulating-machine operators ______________________

27

39. 0

7 1 .0 0

Transcribing-machine operators, gen eral___________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________________

99
91

39. 5
39. 5

6 0 . 50
60. 00

305
43
262
91
29

39.
39.
39.
38.
40.

5
5
0
0
5

5 6 .0 0
62. 00
5 5 . 50
5 6 . 00
46. 00

_
-

-

19

548
103
445
100
1 22

40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 0
41. 0

5 0 .0 0
5 2 .0 0
4 9 . 50
5 5 .0 0
4 7 .0 0

2

36

-

-

Typists, class A ________________________________________________
Manufacturing__________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________
Public utilities "
f_
Typists, class B ___________________________________
Manufacturing___________________________________
Non man nfar tu ring
............
......... _ .......
Puhlir utilities'!'
—
..........- --- ... .... Retail trade ___________________________________

$

$
$
s
9 5 . 00 1 0 0 . 00 1 0 5 . 00 1 1 0 .0 0

75. 00

80. 00

8 5 . 00

9 0. 00

75. 00

~
80. 00

~
8 5 .0 0

■
9 0. 00

~
~
9 5 . 00 1 00 . 00

42
7
35
16

4
4
-

2
2
-

6
6
-

1

2

1

16

1

1

4
4

15
15

19
19

23
23

7
4

7
5

7
5

7

5
5

-

19

-

19

54
3
51
21
4

92
9
83
39

35
3
32
12
4

46
13
33
2
2

33
5
28
11

16
7
9
1

130
20
110
40
22

71
11
60
3
27

94
57
57
32
8

64
6
58
16

11
1
10
6

8
5
3
3

2

.

28

_
“

-

2

36

1 31
22
109

2

24

22

6

~
"
1 0 5 . 00 1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

$
1 1 5 . 00

and
over

T a b le A - 2 :

2
2

1
1
-

1

.
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
4
4

_

_
-

-

1

_

_

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

2
-

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

4
2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

1
1

-

-

_
-

-

.
-

_
-

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
"

_
*

_
■

_
•

_
"

3

3

17

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours,
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.

P r o fe s s io n a l a n d T e c h n ic a l O c c u p a t i o n s

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in New Orleans, L a., by industry division, February 195tt)

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Workers were distributed as follows: 3 at $50 to $55; 8 at $55 to $60.




$

$

70. 00

-

Continued

Switchboard operator-receptionists -------------------------Manufacturing___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing____________ ______________________ ____
P u b lic

$

$
55. 00

-

$
4 5 . 00

$
5 0. 00

$
35. 00

8

T a b le

A -3 :

M a in t e n a n c e

and

P o w e r p la n t O c c u p a t i o n s

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in New O rle a n s, L a . , by industry d ivision, February 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING 8TRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
worker*

Occupation and industry division

Average
hourly 1
earning*

Carpenters, maintenance __________________
Manufacturing
------------------------------ ---Nonmanufacturing ______________ _________ __
Public utilities t ____________________________
Retail trade _______________
— --------- —

193
84
109
28
31

$
2.19
2.21
2.17
2. 18
2.52

E lectricians , maintenance _____________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________ _

233
...186
53

Engineers, stationary .
_________________
Manufacturing
_____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________
Retail trade __ _____________________________

292
136
156
51

Under 1.00 ! . io
$
■
1.00 under
1.10 1.20

f .20
•
1.30

f . 30
1.40

f . 40
"
1.50

$
1.50
~
1.60

1
1

6
6

14
4
10

16
7
9

14
12
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

•

-

*

2

‘

2. 54
2.57
2.44

-

-

-

-

-

“

1

“

6
3
3

4
3
1

4
4
“

1.92
1.69
1.95
2.29

5

7

-

-

~

*

5
“

7
"

26
18
8
'

20

-

42
32
10
"

9

-

-

16
15
1
1

10
-

10
■

27
5
22

1

1
1
-

-

58
58
"

16
15
1

30
29
1

30
24
6

23
17
6

9
1
8

16
3
13

47
36
11
9

_
-

33
1
32
2

14
5
9
5

18
2
16
15

11
9
2
"

3
3

6

1

-

-

“

6
6

1
1

12
9
3
2

“

6
5

”

8
8

11
11

-

-

-

20
20

-

-

1
1
“

96
96
"

4
~

9
1
8

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

”

~

“

12
IT ‘

“

.

-

'

1

-

-

1
1

3
3

23
18
5

8
----3---5

29
24
5

33
32
1

38
29
9

6
5
1

10
3
7

37
29
8

35
12
23

44
43
1

6
1
5

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
20

54
54

22
16

2
“

9
7

41
40

30
30

40
30
10
■

22
13
9
“

10

17
16

10
8

28
6
22
8

1
1
-

33
19
14
14

39
8
31
30

218
9
209
209

27
3
24
24

26
1
25
17

8
6
“

21
12
9
8

2
2
"

2
2

5
5

23
23

2
2

24
24

-

-

-

-

-

"

■

54
53
1
“

12
12

-

25
22
3
3

74
74

-

6
5
1
"

13
13

-

“

“

20
15
5
5

29
15
14
14

165
163
2
2

3
3

-

-

-

50
50

16
16

1
1

15
15

-

“

17

5

.

10

-

-

-

-

17

5

-

10

5
4
1

_

-

-

13

“

22
18
4

8
5
3

6
6

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
15

-

9
5
4
2

Mechanics, maintenance __________ _
_ _
_
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________ __ __
Public utilities t
_________________

460
428
32
27

2.42
2.42
2.44
2.59

2

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

"

“

1
~

2
*

Oilers _____ — __ _
_ _
_ _________ _______
Manufacturing
_________________ _____ _____

110
To6

1.81
1.84

4
-

-

-

16
16

2
2

-

1
15

1

5
~
.

_

-

~

-

5

.

9
9
.

11
5
6

_

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
2 W orkers were distributed as follow s:
16 at $ 0 . 80 to $ 0 .9 0 : 6 at $ 0 .9 0 to $ 1 .
t Transportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.




-

1

-

12
4
8
2
6

4
4

-

2. 38
2.35

-

5

1
-

1

7
6
1

6
3
3

-

70
66

2

-

8
1
7

*

_
-

Pipefitters, maintenance ___________________
Manufacturing

-

.

5
-

16
15
1

8
6
2
2
"

-

13
12
1

_

17
-

3
3

-

"

_

-

24
2
22
5
5

$
3.00
and
over

"

-

16

$
2.90
3.00

32
32
"

2.20
2.08
2.24
2.28

_

16
13
3

$
2.80
■
2.90

20
20
“

519
117
402
351

-

■

18
7
11
10
1

$ 70
2.
“
2.80

5
5
■

Mechanics, automotive (maintenance)
_
_
Manufacturing _____ __ _______ _______
Nonmanufacturing _
Public utilities t
— _______ — _
_

2.01
2.32
1.76

10
10

$
$
2.20 *2.30 $
2.40 $ . 50 2.60
2
“
“
“
2.30 2.40 2.50 2. 60 2.70

13
9
4

-

159
72
87

5
5
-

1.10
~
2.20

19
19
■

2. 52
2. 52

-

3

20
■

2.00

1.00
■
2.10

"

200
188

3

-

9
5

1

^.90

-

Machinists, maintenance _ _______ ____ __
Manufacturing ___________________________

-

22

-

1
1

^.80
“
1.90

45
45
■

1.79
~T7S2—
1.67

Painters, maintenance
__ ____ __________
Manufacturing _____ _________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________

22

-

392
311
81

.

1.80

-

.

1.56
1.65
1.04

Helpers, trades, maintenance ________________ __
Manufacturing
__________ „ __ .. __
Nonmanufacturing _______________________

70

-

209
180
29

Firem en, stationary boiler ______________________
Manufacturing _______________________________ __
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________

$ 60
1.
"
1.70

“

5
4
1
5
5

6
6
15
12
3

2
1
1
10
10

-

13
10
3
8
8

4

.

_

-

-

9

17
13
4

15
15

1
1

9
-

3

-

_

-

-

3

"

3

.

-

-

.
-

“

.

“
2

21
21
~
5
4

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

■

“

_

15
15

1

9
T a b le A - 4 :

C u s to d ia l a n d

M a t e r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a t i o n s

(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in New O rlean s, L a. , by industry division, February 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation 1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Avenge
8. 50 8.60
hourly a
earntags Under and
0. 50 under
0. 60 0.70
$
0.83

1 .7 0

1). 80

8.90

1.00

1. 10

$
1.20

$
1. 30

$
1.40

$
1. 50

1. 60

1.70

1. 80

f . 90

1. 00

1. 10

1.20

1. 30

1.40

0-60

O.M . 1.00

1. 10

1.20

1. 30

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2. 00

2. 10

2.20

2. 30

2.40

2.50

$
2. 50
and
over

.62

-

78
78

5
5

-

77
77

3
3

82
F2

-

3
3

4
4

1
1

6
-

-

-

-

“

“

“

-

-

-

213
210
110

.71
.76
.73

18
18
4

76
76
26

29
29
19

15
16
15

25
25
25

5
5
5

43
40
15

1
1
1

1
1
-

_
-

.
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

.
-

-

-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
_
______
Guards
_
_
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________

279
63
216

1.38
1.96
1.21

-

.
-

.
-

.
-

_
-

.
-

24
24

132
132

11
11

_
-

20
7
13

8
8

17
1
16

28
22
6

_
-

22
6

_
-

_
-

_
-

17
17
-

_
-

_
-

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (m en)_______
Manufacturing _ _
_
..
Nonmanufacturing ________________ _____
Public utilitiest _____________ ________
Retail trade ___________________________

2, 184
465
1,719
139
807

1.04
r .4 i
.94
1.24
.86

45
45
43

86
86
17

107
107
89

321
321
193

157
157
154

226
226
118

564
142
422
20
123

127
13
114
24
15

119
25
94
48
15

164
69
95
43
24

49
25
24
4
3

15
14
1
1

31
31
-

75
62
13
-

36
36
-

34
32
2
-

22
16
6
6

6
6
6

*

-

“

-

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (women)__
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________
Retail trade ___________________________

7 08
33
675
283

. 74
1.23
.72
.68

41
41
16

108
108
68

278
278
128

34
34
29

119
119
11

_
-

61
20
41
12

24
24
12

19
5
14
7

16
16
-

2
2
"

_
'

2
2
-

-

_
-

4
4
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

Laborers, material handling_________________
Manufacturing _ _
_ __
_
Nonmanufacturing _____ _________________
Public utilities! _______________________
Retail trade ___________________________

3,663
1,252
-2,411
1, 068
616

1.39
1.39
1.38
1.57
1. 19

-

-

36
36
36

15
15
15

80
20
60
60

45
45
45

363
201
162
12

417
199
218
50
39

957
176
781
385
207

588
86
502
325
35

234
72
162
4
120

96
74
22
1
11

200
178
22
20

156
136
18
4

72
47
25
8

22
1
21
4

72
60
12
-

4
4
-

2
2
-

303
303
303
-

-

1
1
-

Order fillers ________________________________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________
Retail trade ___________________________

751
73
678
89

1.41
1.24
1.43
1.27

_
-

5
5
5

5
5
5

_
-

5
5
5

_
-

84
20
64
3

101
10
91
13

153
153
19

41
9
32
2

115
34
81
5

20
20
5

67
67
24

55
55
1

30
30
2

38
38
-

15
15
-

6
6
-

-

11
11
-

-

_
-

Packers, shipping (men) ____________________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade __________________________

351
66
285
80

1.31
1.31
1.31
1. 16

_
-

-

5
5
5

97
12
85
37

45
10
35
10

69
14
55
7

2
2
2

36
16
20
10

21
12
9
1

24
2
22
4

38
38
2

4
4
-

-

-

4
4

4
4
-

-

'

-

49
34

.98
•92

*
_
-

2
2
2

Packers, shipping (w om en)__________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________

_
-

2
2

12
12

.
-

.
-

26
17

2
2

7
1

_
"

.
-

.
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

'

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

Receiving clerks ____________________________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing
__
_
Retail trade ___________________________

246
73
173
82

1.56
1.76
1.47
1.31

.
-

-

-

8
8
8

17
17
3

36
12
24
24

31
9
22
20

16
16
2

25
6
19
8

16
10
6
1

26
3
23
3

14
5
9
1

13
4
9
-

16
6
10
2

6
6
-

4
4
-

3
3
-

“

6
5
1
1

313
105
206
37

1.58
1.71
1.51
1.47

_
_
“

9
9
9

Shipping clerks
....
Manufacturing
._ . ..
Nonmanufacturing ________________________
Retail trade ___________________________

_
-

_
-

8
8
-

12
12
-

15

36
9
27
12

52
18
34

53
18
35
5

21
14
7
7

18
8
10
2

43

14
5 ----- 5
8
38
2
-

15
------ T

3
-

10
10
"

1
1
"

“

2
2
■

Shipping and receiving clerks _______________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________
Public utilities! ___________ —
Retail trade __________________________

313
118
195
73

1.75
l.s ir l
1.79
2. 10
1.65

_

-

-

_
-

-

28
9
19
10

35
12

14
9

23

5

18
18
-

35
17
18
8

31
6
25
16

9
9
-

8
6
2

lb
10
8
8

48
48

17
9
8
8

6
4
2
-

4
2
2
-

18
5
13
11

Elevator operators, passenger (men) -----------Nonmanufacturing _____ _________________

259
253

Elevator operators, passenger (wom en)_____
Nonmanufacturing _____________ ________
Retail trade ___________________________

55

-

-

_
"

5

-

5

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroad s), com munication, and other public utilities,




5
-

4

11
5
24
20
4
-

1
16

4

-

16

-

2

b

3

-

48

10

T a b le

A -4 :

C u s to d ia l a n d

M a te ria l

M o v e m e n t O c c u p a t i o n s - C o n tin u e d

(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
jn New O rlean s, L a . , by industry division, February 1958)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n 1 a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

T r u c k d r i v e r s 3 ________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________ i _______________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s j- __________________________________
R e ta il tra d e

_________________________________________

3, 320
474
2 , 846
1, 1 7 6
592

1 V 2 t o n s ) _________
_

744
88

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
______________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _____________________________________

656
254

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d e r
M a n u fa c tu r in g

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m ( 1 V2 to an d
i n c l u d i n g 4 t o n s ) ____________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s | ______________________________
R e ta il tra d e

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a i l e r t y p e ) _________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s -{• ______________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ____________________________________

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
o th e r th a n t r a i le r ty p e )
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________
_____________________

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________ ____ ___________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s I _______________
________________
R e ta il tra d e
___________ ____ ________
_______

T ru ck ers,

p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k l i f t )

_

__

_____________________
W a t c h m e n ____________________ ______
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s '} - __________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________ _______________

Average
hourly , U n d e r
earnings
$
0 . 50

$
1 .6 1
1. 52
1 .6 3
1 .9 7
1 .4 1

1. 39
1. 32
1 .4 0
1 .2 3

1 ,2 3 6
1 .5 5
T ST ~ r "1 .5 ?
1 .5 4
949
336
1 .9 3
133
1 .4 8

10
-

$
0. 50
and

$
0 .6 0

un.i% r

—-LZ-QL-

10
-

-

10

-

_

■M

5
5
-

-

5

_

_

-

10
10

■

5
5

-

-

-

-

■

■

26
-

252
76
176
-

8

24

20

24
-

130
24

98
79
-

-

■

■

~

“

2 . 00
'2 .0 1 “

-

-

-

-

■

•

~

“

30

151

1.
1 .3 2
1. 06
1 . 13

72

.99

-

•

-

■

■

-

2
2

-

15
15
-

27
23
4
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

_

-

■

“

.

.

3

■

.

3
--------- 3“
-

~

193
34

13

14

3

-

-

-

10

45

-

159
80
34

301
30

and late shifts.

15

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1. 8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 . 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 ,-M

1 -7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

2 . 50

and
over

209
35
174
68
8

7 02
50
652
421
8

147
27
120
3
70

223
8
215
1
155

117
33
84
-

65
12
53
-

44

43

100
9

60
-

116
58

52
6

2

91
52

60
5

34
10
24
15

155
38
117
-

88
35
53
16

34
16
18
-

5
5
-

21
10
11
-

49
-

2

396
50
346
152
8

■

6

10

31
20
11
-

102
53
49
-

12
6
6
-

19
5
14
-

638
3
635
635

7
7
-

~

124
21
103
32
22

45
45

20
9

11
-

21
12

■

18

2
2
-

59
10

3
3
-

26
23
3
-

5

-

-

-

-

6
1
5
5

_

_

-

-

75
-

-

75

-

41

35
14

45
-

30?

-

2

$
1. 5 0

2
-

.

10

2

$
1 .4 0

52
-

_

3
-

5

$
1. 3 0

134
18

.

14
-

-

409
47
143

11

13
-

-

491
82

2

-

10

_L _1Q _

1

3
-

-

_

49

-

-

1 .5 8

699
104
595
144

7
100

106
-

-

210

107

-

$
1 .2 0

63

97
29
68
17

-

-

_

49

2
-

-

_

209
29
180
1

29
5
24
-

2
-

-

1 .7 0

1 .2 0

-

1 .5 3

1 . 81
1. 52
1 .5 2
1 .4 0

1 ..Q J - 1 . 1 0

-

TT 5T1. 52
1. 51
1. 56

645
388
257

$
1. 10

24
8

633

499
-------- ? B 2 ~

$
1. 0 0

29
5
24
24

-

45
588
384
69

$
0 .9 0

26
-

~

-

5
-

Transportation (excluding railroad s), com m unication, and other public utilities.




$
0. 80

,.9JQ_

10
-

1 Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
2 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays,
3 Includes all d riv e rs re g a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.
4 A ll w orkers w ere at $ 2 . 5 0 to $ 2 . 60.
t

$
0 .7 0

4
4
-

39
39
-

-

5
5
-

169
1
168
168

2
2
-

_

■

■

“

5
1
4
-

11
5
6
-

14
14
-

38
2
36
36

5
5
-

-

“

1

-

216
216

68
-

303
-

2
1
-

16
-

29
-

4
-

303
266

16
-

29
-

4
-

1
-

_

"

■

16

29

2

~

-

-

142

10
10

-

■

33
20

-

■

15
15
-

25

_

19

-

”

“

_

_

145
16
129
125
4

59

11
7
4

1
3

4
4
-

10

— n r~
94

20

^ W

12

9

4

1

3
3

_

_

.

23
16
7
7

13
7

74
64

89
84

5
-

92

92
-

5

82

13

6

12
2
10

5

9

-

1

“

12
1

10
6
6
-

2
---------—

5

■

“

17
17
-

-

“

16
16
-

“

68
50

3

_

2
3
-

6
-

40
40

24
24
-

-

12
12

~

21
-

-

21
4 21

_

_

'

'
_

50
50

"

_

_

j
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary W a g e Provisions

11

Table B-1: Shift Differentials1
Percent of manufacturing plant w orkers—
(a)
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g
fo rm a l provision s fo r —

Shift d iff e r e n tia l

S e c o n d shift
w ork

Total

________________

(b)
A ctu a lly w ork in g on

T h ird o r other
shift w o rk

S e c o n d shift

T h ird o r other
shift

____________

71.8

58.0

15.3

4 .8

________________________

54.8

46.8

1 2.4

4.3

51.1

41.5

11.8

4.3

1 .9

_
.7
1.3
5. 1
1.5

_________________

W ith shift pay d iff e r e n t ia l
U n ifo r m cents (per hour)

----------

-------------------

3 cents
________________________ __ __ ____
4 cents
-------------- -----------------------------------------5 c e n t s _________________________________________
_______________________________________
6 cents
8 cents
____________________________________ _
9 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------- _
10 c e n t s __ ____________________________ ____
11 c e n t s _________ ____________________________
12 c e n t s _______________________________________
1 2 l/a c e n t s _ ___________________ ____________
15 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------------16 c e n t s _____________________ ________________

1 .9
2 .5
8.3
•20. 1
8.2
8.4
_
_
1.7
-

-

-

_
.4
1.5
1 .4
_
. 1
.4
.3
.2

-

2 .4
2.5
7.0
8.2
1.0
3.2
7. 8
5. 6
1 .9

2 .1

-

.6

-

____________________

2. 1

-

.6

-

F u ll d a y 's pay f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s
__________
F u ll d a y 's pay f o r r e d u c e d h o u rs
plus c e n t s d i ff e r e n t i a l
______________________

1.6

1.6

_

_

-

.9

-

-

-

2 .8

-

-

U n iform percen tage
4 percent

O th er

_________

_____________

___________________________

No shift pay d iffe re n tia l

________________

_____________

___________________

_

____

17.0

11.2

-

2.2
1.0
-

2.9

.5

1
Shift differential data are presented in term s of (a) establishm ent policy, and (b) w orkers actually employed
on late shifts at the time of the survey.
An establishm ent was considered as having a policy if it m et either of
the following conditions:
(l) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) h ad -form al provisions covering
late shifts.




Occupational Wage Survey, New O rlea n s, L a ., February 1958
U .S . D EPAR TM EN T OF LABO R
Bureau of Labor Statistics

12

Table B-2:

Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1

Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rate in—
Manufacturing
Minimum rate
(weekly salary)

Based on standard weekly hours 2 of—

All
industries

All
schedules

Establishments studied _

__ __ __ __ „

_______

_

159

52

Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rate in—

Nonmanufacturing

40

All
schedules

XXX

107

Manufacturing
All
industries

All
schedules

40

XXX

159

For Inexperienced Typists

Establishments having a specified minimum
$30.00
$32.50
$35.00
$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50
$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00

and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and over

___

$32.50 _____ _______ __ ___
$35.00
______ __
$37.50 _______________________
$40.00
__ _ __ _ ____ _
$42.50 _____
__
__ _
$45.00 _____
$47. 50
_
_________________
$50.00 _ ___________ ___ ___
$52.50
$55.00 __ _______ __________
$57.50 _______
_____________
$60.00 __ ___________________
________________________________

56
1
_
5
1
19

14

_

_

2
2
-

6
2
1
1
1
1
_
2
-

_
.
_
5
2
1
1
1
1
_
1
-

_____

27

11

Establishments which did not employ
workers in this category _ ______________ __ ___

76

27

Establishments having no specified minimum

9

7

3
4

3

_
-

12

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 2 of—

52

40

All
schedules

40

XXX

107

XXX

For Other Inexperlerped Clerical W ukers
42
1
5
1
13
7
6
2

31

_

62
1
3
4
3
20
10
5

15

13

.

_

.
6
2
2
1
1
1
_
2

_
_
5
2
2
1
1
1
1
-

47

37

1
3
4
3
14
8

3
3
1
13
5

3

3

2
5
1
2
1

1
4
1
2
1

_

2
2
-

3
1
11
4
5
1
2
2
2
-

XXX

16

XXX

33

16

XXX

17

XXX

XXX

49

XXX

64

21

XXX

43

XXX

3

3
6
2
2
2
1

1 Lowest salary rate formally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
2 Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries. Data are presented for all workweeks combined and for the most common workweek reported.




Occupational Wage Survey, New Orleans, L a ., February 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

13

T a b le

B -3 :

S c h e d u le d

W e e k ly

H ou rs

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1-----------1------------------------------------------------------------------------P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Weekly hours

All workers __________ _

_________________

Under 37 V2 hours --------- ------- ------------------------------37V2 hours _______ _______ ___________ ____
Over 3 7 x/2 and under 40 hours _______________
40 h o u r s
___
_
_______________
Over 40 and under 44 hours ---------------------------------------------------------------------- —
44 hours _ --------- -------------Over 44 and under 45 hours---------------45 hours _____ _______ ________ - ------------------Over 45 and under 48 hours __
---48 hours __ ---------- ---------- ---------- -------Over 48 hours___ __________________________

A ll
2
industries

100

M anufacturing

100

Public
utilities "f

100

100

2

11

7

7
67
4
4

6

11

68

51

**

2
1

**
**

1

**

4
2
-

4

'

3
2
-

65
6
2

5
2
8
3

83
10

-

8
14

1

'

100

1
-

9

-

M anufacturing

2

67

1
-

11
-

A ll
,
industries

100

_
2

6
32

3

Finance

R e tail trade

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —
Public
utilities y

100

R etail trade

100

_

_

**

-

89

39
13
4

S 11
♦ *

6

-

3

3

-

-

9
30
5

"

1 Estimates for office workers are not comparable with earlier studies. See introduction, page 2.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 All workers were at 42 hours per week.
5 All workers were at 41 V hours per week.
g
6 Workers were distributed as follows: 5 percent at 42 hours; 8 percent at 43 hours per week.
♦♦Less than 0. 5 percent.
■ Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
f
T a b le

B -4 :

O v e r tim e

Pay

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Overtime policy

All workers

__________________________________________________ —

All
,
industries

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities 'j'

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Finance

All
industries

2

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities |

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

19
19
6
13

23
21
2
19

53
53
28
25

9
9

60
55

91
91

-

-

55

80
11

14
14
1
13

Daily overtime
Workers in establishments providing
premium pay 3 ______________
_____________________ —
Time and one-half_________________________
Effective after less than 8 hours _______
Effective after 8 hours _________________
Effective after more than 8 hours -------------Double tim e ________________________________________________
Other ____ __________ __ _ ---------------- ---------------------Workers in establishments providing no
premium pay or having no policy _________________

-

-

-

-

49
46
**
44
1
3

-

-

-

-

-

77

47

91

51

40

9

86

93
78
9
68
1
**
14

97
94
3
91

98
98
33
65

77
77

99
99

42
42

-

72
5

99
92
2
90

-

1
2

-

-

82
78
1
69
8
4
-

-

7

3

2

23

-

-

**
**

**
2

81

-

9

-

5

-

W e e k ly overtime
Workers in establishments providing
premium pay 3 ______________________________________________
Time and one-half ------------------- ------------------------- .
Effective after less than 40 hours _ ___
Effective after 40 hours ------------ ------------ —
Effective after more than 40 hours ____
Double time _______ __ __ ________________ _ ____
Other4 _ _ __ ---------- --------------------- ---------------------------Workers in establishments providing no
premium pay or having no policy _________________

-

18

-

7
1

_

_

89
11

35
7

-

-

**

58

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Graduated provisions are classified to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours a day would be considered as
time and one-half after 8 hours. Similarly, a plan calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 37l/2 and time and one-half after 40 hours would be considered as time and one-half after 40 hours.
4 Applicable chieflyto finance workers on a fluctuating workweek.
♦♦Less than 0. 5 percent.
Occupational Wage Survey, New Orleans, La. February 1958
■ Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
f
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




14

T a b le

B -5 :

W age

S tru ctu re

C h a r a c te r is tic s

and

L a b o r -M a n a g e m e n t

A g re em e n ts

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Item

AU
industries 1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities "f

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Finance

All
,
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities |

Retail trade

W a g e structure for tim e-rated workers 3
Formal rate structure _______________________
Single rate _______________________________
Range of rates _ ____ _________________
Individual rates ______________________________

37
1
36
63

25
2
23
75

65
1
64
35

12

73
55
18
27

90
77
13
10

99
61
38
1

46
27
19
54

86
14
4
5
5

-

12
88

85
15
8
7

98
2
2

75
25

-

“

~

6
19

M ethod off w a g e payment
ffor plant (workers
DATA NOT COLLECTED

Time workers __________________________________________
Incentive workers ____________________________________
Piecework _______________________________
Bonus work «_ ____________________________
Commission _ ____________________________

-

Labor-m anagem ent agreem en ts4

Workers in establishments with
agreements covering a majority
of such workers _____________ ___________

5-9

0-4

30-34

-

40-44

50-54

95+

5-9

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Estimates for office workers are based on total office employment, whereas estimates for plant workers are based on time-rated employees only.
4 Estimates relate to all workers (office or plant) employed in an establishment having a contract in effect covering a majority of the workers in their respective category. The estimates
so obtained are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area maybe covered by provisions of labor-management agreements, due to the exclusion of smaller size
e s tabli shments.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




Occupational Wage Survey, New Orleans, L a ., February 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

15

T a b le

B -6 :

P a id

H o lid a y s 1

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N -

Item

A
U _
in u s
d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie f
s

R il tra e
eta
d

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

F a ce
in n

A
ll
in u s
d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

100

100

100

100

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie
s

R il tra e
eta
d

___ ___________

100

100

100

100

Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays
_____________
__ _ ____ _
Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays __________ __ _______ __ _

99

99

100

99

79

71

90

83

**

1

**

21

29

10

17

**
**
38

1
32

_
7

**
70

8
5
30

3
6
19

7
_
20

15
_
58

1
15
1
3
2
15

14
2
21

2
19
_
8
31

3
5
_
-

1
2
1
1
**
19

_
1
_
_
_
29

.
_
_
**
39

2

1
1
13

1
.
11

3
_
9

_
21

**
9

_
7

-

_

22

8

-

**
3

_
6

_
1

.
_
-

All w orkers___

__ __ ____

Number off days
Less than 5 holidays
5 h o lid a y s

___

__________________

____ __________

m i_
m

__

_

6 holidays ____ __ _______ ________ ______
6 holidays plus:
1 half day ___ _________ ________________ .
2 half days _________ ______________________
3 half days
4 half days
______ _________________________
5 half days _________________________________
7 holidays _____________________________________
7 holidays plus:
1 half d a y __________________________________
2 half days ____
_
_
8 holidays _____________________________________
8 holidays plus:
1 half day
2 half days
____
_ _ ___
9 holidays _____________________________________
9 holidays plus:
1 half day __________________________________
10 holidays ____________________________________

_

3

g

5
2

5

16
6

1
**

4
“

**

"

"

-

-

**
1
7
12
28
31
60
61
99
99
99
99
99
99

_
4
8
16
27
31
b6
66
98
99
99
99
99
99

**
**
22
29
39
42
91
93
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
_
_
21
21
26
29
99
99
99
99
99
99

_
_
3
3
14
14
35
36
66
72
72
73
76
79

_

_

_
6
6
13
13
43
43
61
68
69
69
71
71

_
1
1
24
24
63
63
83
83
83
83
90
90

99

99
7
99
99

100
1
2
100
100

99
99
99

72
1
2
71
71

68
_

83
7
7
83
83

_

Total holiday tim e 4
10 days ________________________________________
9 llz or more days _____________________________
9 or more days
8 V2 or more days _____________________________
8 or more days _______________________________
71 or more days
/*
7 or more days _______________________________
6 V2 or more days
6 or more days
_ _ ____ _ _ _ _ _
5 or more days
__________ _ __ _ _ _
4 or more days _______________________________
3 or more days _______________________________
2 or more days
___ _____
__ __ __
1 or more days
__ ____

_
_
_
_

_

_
_

8
8
8
10
68
68
68
68
71
83

H o lidays5
New Year’ s Day ______________________________
Washington's Birthday
Decoration Day _______________________________
July 4th _______________________________________
Labor Day

2
4

99
99

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




66

71

68
.

68

71

Occupational Wage Survey, New Orleans, L a ., February 1958
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

16

Table B-6:

Paid H olidays1 - Continued

PE C N O O
R E T F FFIC W R ER EM
E OK S
PLO
YED IN—
Item

A
ll 2
in u s
d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie f
s

4
99
99
41
96
24
2
4
16
20
5
2

33
100
100
35
98
31
1
16
30
24
24
19
-

R il tra e
eta
d

PER
CEN O P N W R E S EM YED IN
T F LA T O K R
PLO
—
F a ce
in n

A
ll j
in u s
d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

6
71
77
23
67
11
5
2
4
3
3
1
**
2
2

4
64
71
43
59
14
7
1
**
1

Pb ,
u lic
u
tilitie ^
s

R il tra e
eta
d

H olidays9- Continued
Veterans* D ay_________________________________
Thank sgiving ____ __________________ _________
Christmas
_ ______
___ ______________
Good Friday _________________________ _____ __
Mardi Gras ___________________________________
All Saints Day
_ _
_____
__________
Christmas E v e _______________________________
Two other religious holidays _________________
Half day Good Friday _________________________
Half day All Saints D ay___ 1
___________________
Half day Christmas Eve ______________________
Half day New Year *s Eve _____________________
Half day Veterans* D ay_______________________
Half day Christmas
,
__
Half day New Year's Day _____________________

9
99
99
26
99
21

1

3
20
20
16
9
4
-

-

99
99
9
99
9
12
5
5
3
-

-

-

22
83
83
23
76
23
11
**
**
**
**
**
7
7

68
81
.
68
_
8
-

2
-

3
3

1 E stim a te s r e la te to h o lid a y s p r o v id e d ann ually.
2 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
4 A ll com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e co m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a tota l o f 7 days in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 7 fu ll days
and no h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on.
P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u lated .
5 O nly the h o lid a y s o r h a lf-d a y h o lid a y s p ro v id e d to at le a s t 2 p e r c e n t o f the o f fi c e o r plant w o r k e r s in the a r e a a r e show n in th is tab u la tion . A few oth er h o lid a y s o r h alf h olid a y s
w e re p ro v id e d .
♦ ♦ L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
■ T r a n sp o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other pu b lic u t ilit ie s .
f




17

Table B-7: Paid Vacations
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
V a ca tio n p o lic y

All
,
industries

_

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s ________________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t ______________ ___
P e r c e n t a g e p aym ent ________________________

99
99

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s _____________________________

**

**

A ll w o r k e r s _________________________

______

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities t

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Finance

All
*
industries

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities T

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99

100
100

100
100

“

-

91
87
4

92
84
8

99
99

**

•

87
84
3

1

-

-

9

8

1

13

63
2
3

2
47
5
4

77
5
7

48
-

5
22

12
12
1

29

32

**

-

“

”

”

25

24

34
1
65
1

50
49

64
1
21
5

79
1
12

56
3
30
10

23
3

5
1
94

26
74

48
5
34
5

64
10
19

33
3
48
5
2

36
7
48

M e th o d o f p a y m o n t

**

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 3

A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ___________________________________
1 w eek
_
_
___
O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________
___________
2 w e e k s ___________________________

**
**

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______ ___________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________
O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s
___________________

**

**

74

75

1

"

**

61
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --- ----------------------- ------------------------------O v e r - 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________ ___________
2 w eek s __________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________

12

19

**

**

87
1

80

**

~

1

17

1

34

41

-

-

56
10

44
3

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ___________________________________________
O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w eek s __________________________________________
O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w eek s
________________________________________

9

**

89
1
1

**

82
-

99

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .
t T ra n sp o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




N OTE:

1

24
74
**

1

-

22

38

-

-

67
10

40
3
6

O ccu p a tio n a l Wage Su rvey, New O r le a n s , L a ., F e b r u a r y 1958
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u rea u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s

In the ta b u lation s o f va ca tio n a llo w a n c e s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym en ts o th er than " le n g t h -o f - t im e , "
su ch a s p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a r n in g s o r fla t -s u m p a y m e n ts, w e r e co n v e r te d to an equ ivalen t tim e
b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.

18

Table B-7: Paid Vqcations - Continued
P C T O O IC W R ER EM
ER EN F FF E O K S
PLO
YED IN—
Vacation policy

A
ll
i
in u s
d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

4
**
90

**

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie
s

R il tra e
eta
d

PER
CEN O PLA T W R ER EM
T F
N OK S
PLO
YED IN—
F a ce
in n

A
ll 2
in u s
d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb ^
u lic
u
tilitie ^
s

R il tra e
eta
d

.Amount off vacation p a y - o»ntinuftd
After 5 yeai*s of service

1week

_______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks___________________
2 w eeks_________________ ___________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks_______ __________
3 w eeks____ _____ __ ______________________

1

8

_
-

1
2

13

88

83

86

70
4
3

-

5

4

1
1
6

4
80

8
66

_

1
2

82

17

74
**
13

**

1

1

6

1
1

23

3
82
-

-

-

78

55
3

6

2

4

6

7
71

1
1
69

23
51
3

After 10 years of service
Under 2 weeks _______________________________
2 weeks _______________________ _____________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks___________________
3 w eeks______________________________ _______

1

1

16

25

4
55
1
40
**

8
54
37
1

_
16
1
83
“

12
74
**
13
"

4
51
1
35
10

8
52
28
11

_
16
1
72
11

4
50

8
51
20
21

16

13

62
7
9

6
8

6

14

1
0

11
5
6
78
“

23
51
3
10
”

23
47
3
14
~

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 2 w eek s _______________________ _________
2 w e e k s _______________ _____ __________________
O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w e e k s _____ _______________ *_________________
4 w eek s __________________________________________

13
42

7
47

6
29
2

3
31
4

12
72
**
15
"

13
39
6
27
6

7
44

11

3
30
8

6
64
13

12
72
**
4
12

13
39
6
23
10

7

1
1

43
3

6

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 2 w eek s __________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________ _________________ ____
O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w eek s ________________________ ______________
4 w e e k s __ __ ___________________________________

5

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 2 w e e k s ___________ _____________________
2 w eek s __________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w e e k s ___________________ __ ____________ ____
4 w e e k s __________________________________________

1

28
18

1

64
19

1 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in d ivid u al p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the
s e r v ic e in clu d e ch a n g e s in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g be tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
* * L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
t T ra n sp o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




25
14

23

5

47

64
14

5

ch a n g es in p r o p o r t io n s in d ica te d

3
9

at 10 y ea rs *

19

Table B-8:

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
T yp e o f plan

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g :
T.if#» in s n r a n r e
........
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
infliiranrft
_____ __
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce or
s ir k lftave o r both 3
__
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e ______
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) __________________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay or
w aiting p o r io d )
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ___________________
S u rgica l in s n r a n r e
__
Mi»Hira1 in s u ra n ro
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e ______________ ____
R e tir e m e n t p e n s i o n __________________________
No h ealth, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n p l a n _____

All
industries1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities**
1

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Finance

A
H 2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilitiesy

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

92

85

99

90

76

74

94

74

48

50

14

51

40

42

35

40

54
27

78
50

64
12

62
31

60
50

76
69

68
37

44
33

25

33

30

22

8

6

14

8

10
70
65
39
25
57
3

5
73
72
39
19
68
3

28
70
66
49
17
73
1

15
52
40
33
16
30
9

8
59
51
30
11
37
15

4
68
62
31
12
40
12

24
54
51
38
22
76
6

11
45
32
24
5
22
22

1 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o s e in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 U nduplicated total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce shown s e p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly
the m in im u m num ber o f days* pay that can be e x p e c te d by ea ch e m p lo y e e .
I n fo rm a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in divid u al b a s is a r e e x clu d e d .
♦ ♦ L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
■ T r a n s p o rta tio n (e xclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
f




Retail trade

100

e s ta b lis h at le a s t

O ccu p a tion a l W age S u rv ey , New O rle a n s , L a . , F eb ru ary 1958
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b or S ta tistics




21
A p p e n d ix * .

J o b

D o s c r ip tio n s

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

Of f i c e
BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers'
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, "EaF’ reaponsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or ac­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

22

CLERK, FILE
Class A - Responsible for maintaining and established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating ma­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential m ail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

CLERK, PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include tran­
scribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters.
May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

23
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreign-,
language copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN,

LEADER

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, etc. ; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

and

Technical

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc.,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

24
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attendingto subsequent dressing of employees 1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare,
safety of all personnel.

M a i n t e n a nee

and

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

and

Powerpl ant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter^
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates ana maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician^ handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or Oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

25
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making ail necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning ana laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment.
In general, the
machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re“
ducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source ot troubLe; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency.
In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

26
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishmento Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

and

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

27
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
custom ers1 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers* houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under l l/ z tons)
medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1958 O - 465879




Occupational Wage Surveys
Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 19 major labor markets during late 1957 and early 1958. These bulletins, numbered 1224-1
through 1224-19* when available may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C .,
or from any of the regional offices shown below.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor markets,combined with additional analysis will be issued early in 1959.
Bulletins for the labor markets listed below are now available.
Seattle, Wash., August 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-1, price 20 cents
Boston, M ass., September 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-2, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-3, price 25 cents
Dallas, T ex., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-4, price 20 cents
St. Louis, Mo., November 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-5, price 25 cents




Philadelphia, Pa., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-6, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-7, price 25 cents
San Francisco-Oakland, C alif., January 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-8,
price 25 cents
Memphis, Tenn., January 1958 — BLS Bull. 1224-9, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102