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Occupational Wage Survey

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary




BU REAU OF LABO R STATISTICS
Ew an CIo

rm

, CemmisNoner




Occupational Wage Survey
MINNEAPOLIS - ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA




JANUARY 1958

B u lle tin N o. 1224-10
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Jam es P. Mitchell, Secretary
BU REAU OF LABO R STATISTICS
Ew an Claflua, ComwiiiMon«r

April 1958




Contents

Preface

Page
The Community Wage Survey Program
Wage trends for selected occupational groups____________________
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the earlier report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of all of the year !s surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.




4

Tables:
1: Establishments and workers within scope of survey _______
2: Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percent of increase for selected periods_____________

4

A: Occupational earnings * A -l: Office occupations__________________________________
A - 2: Professional and technical occupations_____________
A - 3: Maintenance and powerplant occupations____________
A -4: Custodial and material movement occupations ______

5
8
9
10

2

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions * B -l: Shift differentials___________________________________
B-2: Minimum entrance rates for women office workers_
B -3: Scheduled weekly h ou rs_____________________________
B-4: Overtime pay________________________________________
B-5: Wage structure characteristics and labormanagement agreements _____
B-6: Paid holidays_______ ___________ __________
-■
B -7: Paid vacations_______________________________ - -------B-8: Health, insurance, and pension plans_______________

15
16
18
20

Appendix: Job descriptions_______________________________________

21

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are availa­
ble in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area reports for November 1951,
November 1952, November 1953, November 1954, December 1955,
and March 1957. The latter report was limited to occupational
earnings. Prior to the present report no tabulations had been
presented for wage structure characteristics or labor-management
agreements except in the 1953 report, which also provides a
tabulation of overtime pay provisions. The 1954 report also in­
cluded data on frequency of wage payments, and pay provisions
for holidays falling on nonworkdays. A directory indicating date
of study and the price *of the reports, as well as reports for
other major areas, is available upon request.
A current report on occupational earnings and supplementary
wage practices is also available for the machinery industries in
the Minneapolis-St. Paul area (January 1958). Union scales,
indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available for the following
trades or industries:
Building construction, printing, localtransit operating employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.
iii

12
13
14
14




Occupational W age Survey - Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.*
Introduction

The Minneapolis-St. Paul area is one of several important
industrial centers in which the Department of Labor *s Bureau of Labor
Statistics has conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related
wage benefits on an areawide basis. In each area, data are obtained
by visits of Bureau field agents to representative establishments within
six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation (excluding
railroads), communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies, besides railroads, are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer, than a prescribed number of workers
are omitted also because they furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion.1 Wherever possible, sepa­
rate tabulations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as re­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, ex­
cept for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of inter establishment variation in duties within the same
job (see appendix for listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A-series tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is
* This report was prepared in the Bureau's regional office in
Chicago, III., by Woodrow C. Linn, under the direction of George E.
Votava, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See table on page 2 for minimum-size establishment covered.




to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B-series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they re­
late to office and plant workers. The term "office workers," as
used in this bulletin, includes all office clerical employees and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, professional, and technical per sonnel.
"Plant workers" include working foremen and allnonsupervisory work­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative, executive, professional, and technical employees, and
force-account construction employees who are utilized as a separate
work force are excluded. Cafeteria workers and routemen are ex­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant workers
in nonmanufacturing industries.
Shift differential data (table B -l) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy,2 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other" was used. In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded only
if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
Minimum entrance rates (table B-2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited. They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis. Overtime pay practices; paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated
statistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.

2

workers if a majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices listed. Scheduled hours, wage structure
characteristics, and labor-management agreements are treated sta­
tistically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
workers if a majority are covered.3 Because of rounding, sums of
individual items in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.
The first part of the paid holidays table presents the num­
ber of whole and half holidays actually provided. The second part
combines whole and half holidays to show total holiday time. The
third section presents a list of the paid holidays and the proportions
of workers to whom they are granted annually.
The summary of vacation plans is limited to formal arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the employer. Separate estimates are provided
according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week’s pay*
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen’s compensation
and social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com-

mercial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or
paid directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from
a fund set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a
form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions,4 plans are included only if the employer (l) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker * pay during absence from work
b
because of illness. Separate tabulations are provided according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to, the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.

4 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
it
3
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section of established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
table B-3).were presented in earlier years in terms of the propor­
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
tion of women office workers employed in offices with the indicated
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
were excluded.
weekly hours for women workers.
Table 1:

E stab lish m ents and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in M in n ea p olis-S t. P aul, M inn. , 1 by m ajor industry d ivision , January 1958
Minimum
employment
in e sta b lish -

Number of establishm en ts

A ll divisions

.

.

Manufacturing _
_ ................. .... . .. .
Nonmanufacturing _
_ _ ........
_ .
.......
Transportation (excluding ra ilr o a d s), com m u nica­
tion, and other public u tilities 4 _........................
_ _
W h olesale trade
.............. .
.
Retail trade
-------_ -----F inance, insurance, and real estate
. ----S e rvices 6
.
- - - - - -

1

Within
scope of
study 2

51

1 ,0 1 3

51
51

418
595

51
51
51
51
51

138
206
90
93

W ork ers in establishm en ts

Studied

of study

Industry division

68

Within scope of study

Studied

Total 3

Office

Plant

241

2 3 9 ,3 0 0

5 0 ,9 0 0

1 3 9 ,6 0 0

1 4 5 ,7 3 0

91
150

1 1 7 ,3 0 0

1 7 ,0 0 0
3 3 ,9 0 0

7 5 ,5 0 0
6 4 ,1 0 0

7 3 ,1 4 0
7 2 ,5 9 0

24
35
40
29

22

122,000
2 6 ,8 0 0
1 9 ,2 0 0
4 2 ,7 0 0
2 0 ,7 0 0
1 2 ,6 0 0

5 ,2 0 0
6 ,6 0 0
5 ,5 0 0
1 5 ,1 0 0
(7 >

1 5 ,8 0 0
7 ,2 0 0
3 2 ,5 0 0
• 1 ,0 0 0
(7 )

Total 3

2 0 ,8 8 0
8 ,8 3 0
2 5 ,7 7 0
1 2 ,9 4 0
4 ,1 7 0

The M in n ea p olis-S t. Paul M etropolitan A r e a (Anoka, Dakota, Hennepin, and R am sey C ounties). The "w o rk ers within scope of stu d y" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description
of the size and com position of the labor force included in the su rv ey. The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve as a b a sis of com p arison with other area em ploym ent indexes to m easu re em ploym ent
trends or le v e ls since (l) planning of wage surveys req u ires the use of establishm ent data com piled con sid erab ly in advance of the pay period studied and (2) sm all establishm en ts are excluded from the scope
of the survey.
Includes all establishm en ts with total em ploym ent at or above the m in im u m -siz e lim itation . A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such industries as trad e , finance, auto repair s e r v ic e , and m otion picture theaters are considered as 1 establish m en t.
Includes executive, tech n ical, p r o fe ssio n a l, and other w orkers excluded from the separate office and plant c a te g o rie s.
A ls o excludes taxicab s, and se r v ic e s incidental to water transportation.
s E stim ate relates to real estate establishm en ts only.
* H otels; personal s e r v ic e s ; bu sin ess s e r v ic e s; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television ; m otion p ictu r es; nonprofit m em b ersh ip organizations; and engineering and arch itectu ral s e r v ic e s .
This industry division i s ’ rep resented in estim ates for "a ll in d u str ie s" and "non m anufactu ring" in the S e rie s A and B ta b le s, although cov eia ge was insufficient to ju stify fseparate presentation of data.

2
3
4
7




3

Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commer­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
worker *s life.
With reference to wage structure characteristics, proportions
of time and incentive workers directly reflect employment under each




pay system. However, because of technical considerations, all time­
rated workers (plant or office) in an establishment were classified to
the predominant type of rate structure applying to these workers.
Incentive-worker employment was classified according to the pre­
dominant type of incentive plan in each establishment.
Graduated provisions for premium overtime pay were classic
fied to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling
for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours a day
was tabulated as time and one-half after 8 hours. Similarly, a plan
calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 37V2 hours (regular
weekly schedule) and time and one-half after 40 was considered as
time and one-half after 40 hours.

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerical
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts. The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically im­
portant jobs within each group. The office clerical data are based
on women in the following 18 jobs: Billers, machine (billing ma­
chine); bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B; Comptometer
operators; clerks, file, class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, pay*
roll; key-punch operators; office girls; secretaries; stenographers,
general; switchboard operators; switchboard operator-receptionists;
tabula ting-machine operators; transcribing-machine operators, gen­
eral; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are based
on women industrial nurses. Men in the following 10 skilled mainte­
nance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were included in the plant worker
data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; mechanics; me­
chanics, automotive; millwrights; painters; pipefitters; sheet-metal
workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled-—janitors, porters, and
cleaners; laborers, material handling; and watchmen.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of 1953 and
1954 employment in the job. These weighted earnings for individual
Table 2:

occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupa­
tional group. Finally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a given
year to the aggregate for the base period (survey month, winter 1952-53)
was computed and the result multiplied by the base year index (100) to
get the index for the given year.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (l) general
salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels. Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and re­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1957 for workers in 14 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1202, Wages and Related Benefits,
17 Labor Markets, 1956-57.

Indexes of standard weekly sa la ries and stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in M in n ea p olis-S t. Pau l, Minn. ,
M arch 1957 and January 1958, and percent of in crease for selected periods
Indexes
(Novem ber 1952=100)

Industry and occupational group
January 1958

M arch 1957

A ll in dustries:
Office cle rica l (w o m e n )_______________
Industrial nurses (women)
Skilled maintenance ( m e n )____________
Unskilled plant (men)

1 2 5 .0
129. 1
1 2 6 .7
1 3 1 .1

1 2 1 .3
1 2 4 .4
1 2 1 .7
1 1 2 4 .6

Manufacturing:
Office c le rica l (w o m e n )____ __________
Industrial nurses (w o m e n )____________
Skilled maintenance (men)
___
Unskilled plant (men) __________________

1 2 2 .9
1 2 8 .9
125. 1
1 2 7 .1

119. 3
1 2 3 .4
1 1 9 .7
1 2 1 .7

1

R evised e stim a te .




Percent in cre ase s from —
M arch 1957
to
January 1958

3 .0
3 .8
4. 1
5 .2

3 .0
4 .4
4 .4
4 .4

D ecem ber 1955
to
M arch 1957

6 .3
5 .3
5 .3
* 6 .4

5 .3
5 .3
5 .1
5 .4

N ovem ber 1954
to
D ecem ber 1955

Novem ber 1953
to
Novem ber 1954

N ovem ber 1952
to
Novem ber 1953

3 .8
3 .4
4 .9
4 .9

3 .3
4 .3
3 .3
4 .9

6 .4

8.1

3 .4

3 .6
5 .0
1 .4
4 .8

5 .8
9 .4
6 .7
5 .8

9 .1
5 .8
9 .4
7 .2

2.0
5 .4
4 .2

6 .3
9 .4

N ovem ber 1951
to
Novem ber 1952

6.6

6 .7
5 .8
7 .9

5

A : O ccu p a tion a l Earnings
T a b le A-1: O ffic e O c c u p a t io n s
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in M in n ea p olis-S t. Paxil, M inn. , by industry d ivision , January 1958)

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N m er
u b
o
f
w rk rs
o e

NUMBER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O —
F

W
eekly
W
eekly Under
h u 1 earn gs1 $
o rs
in
(S n a ) (S n a ) 40.00
ta d rd
ta d rd

$
$
40.00 45.00
and
under
45 aQd 50.00

$
50.00
55.00

55.00

$
60.00

$
65.00

$
70.00

$
$
$
$
75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00

60.00

65.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

$

85.00

90.00

$
$
$
$
S
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
and
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

$

Men
C le r k s, accounting, c la s s A ____________
Manufacturing ______________ _________—
Nonmanufacturing ______________________
Public utilities f ____________________
W holesale trade _____________________
R etail trade __________________________

715
311
404
176
145
57

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5

$
88.50
84.50
92.00
101.00
84.00
90.50

C le r k s, accounting, c la s s B _____________
Manufacturing ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________
Public utilities t _______________
W holesale trade _____________________

346
108
238
124
85

39.5
39.5
39.5
4 0.0
39.5

69.00
69.00
68. 50
69.00
69.50

C le r k s, ord er ______________________________
M anufacturing __________ _____ __________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________
W holesale trade ____________________

537
155
382
339

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

84.00
87.50
82.50
81.50

C le r k s , p a y r o l l _____________________________

74

40.0

78.00

O ffice boys __________________________________
M anufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________ __________
W holesale t r a d e __ _______ ___________
Finance t t __ _____ ______________

273
61
212
71
67

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
38. 5

49.00
49.00
49.00
53.50
45.50

Tabulating-m achine op erators ___________
Manufacturing ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________
Finance t t ______________________

413
137
276
194

39.0
39.5
39.0
38. 5

76.00
79. 50
74.50
72.00

B ille r s , machine (billing machine) _______________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Public u tilities t _____________________________
W h olesale trade ______________________________________
Retail trade ___________________________________________

250
240
80
69
54

39.5
39.5
40.0
38. 5
40.0

55.50
55.00
56.50
55.50
53.00

.
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
.

_
_
_

-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

.
.
_
-

9
1
8
_
2
-

12
1
11
1
4
-

41
22
19
_
19
-

24
15
9
2
6
1

111
71
40
12
22
4

70
38
32
4
13
14

151
91
60
23
27
8

7
7
7
_
_
_
.

12
_
12
_
4

28
4
24
15
8

26
13
13
8
5

41
18
23
15
7

37
12
25
12
7

74
29
45
20
21

75
28
47
16
24

44
4
40
30
8

_
_
_

9
5
4
_

9
_
9
9

22
7
15
15

49
6
43
43

45
7
38
38

77
19
58
58

1

15

10

3

10

90
13
77
2
36

87
27
60
23
18

35
16
19
14
4

38
1
37
25
9

13
3
10
6
-

6
1
5
1
-

2

2

-

-

2

2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

68
28
40
25

56
19
37
17

47
26
21
9

36
12
24
13

16
8
8
5

10
2
8
6

3

_

-

3
2

_

_

_

"

■

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

.

_

_

7

7

_

_
_

-

_

7
7

7
3

39
2
37
36

31
10
21
16

53
12
41
36

40
18
22
19

80
80
33
16
21

57
56
8
13
14

41
40
20
12
6

20
14
7
7

3
3

3
2

43
41
12
15
10

3
3

20
20

29
29

1
1
-

11
11
-

15
14
-

114
15
99
6
8
83

265
33
232
35
34
147
20

43
12
31
16
4
7
_
_
_

1
_
1
1
-

99
28
71
27
29
11
1
_
1
_
1

69
20
49
21
18
10
_
_
_
_
-

55
21
34
34

90
15
75
65

59
21
38
26

57
17
40
29

52
33
19
16

22
_

2
_

5

2
_
-

2
_
-

_
-

24
5
19
17
.
2
_
_
_
_
.
.
_

26
4
22
21
.
_
_
_
-

15
1
14
13
1
_
_
_
.
-

21
2
19
19
_
_
_
_
_

4
4
_

-

-

3
.
3
3

1
_
-

6
6
3
.

_
-

_

_
-

1

-

_

_

Women

B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping machine) _________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

155
155

39.5
39.5

61.50
61.50

Bookkeeping-m achine o p e r a to r s, c la ss A _______________
Nonman ufacturing _______________________________________
W h olesale trade ______________________________________

185
150
55

39.5
39.5
40.0

69.00
67.50
73.00

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e r a to r s, c la ss B _______________
M anufacturing ---------- -------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___ ____________________________________
W h olesale trade ______________________________________
Retail trade ___________________________________________
Finance t t ___________________________________

955
220
735
178
124
387

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

56. 50
60.50
55.00
57.50
57.50
52.00

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A ......... ............................ .............. .
Manufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________ ____________________________
Public utilities t ______________________________________
W holesale trade ______________________________________
R etail trade ___________________________________________
F in a n c e tt __________________________________

753
139
614
214
78
132
146

39.5
3 9.5
3 9.5
40.0
4 0.0
39.5
38.0

73.00
73.50
73.00
75.50
72.50
75.50
69.50

_
_

_

-




2

_

_

_

-

-

_

64
12
52
1
6
45

_
_
_
_

_

.

_
_
_
_

_
_

_

_

_

15

_

_

_
_
_

"

”

15

20
6
1
7
6

See footnote at end o f table.
t
T ran sportation (excluding ra ilr o a d s ), com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s,
t t F inan ce, in su ran ce, and real estate.

2 7 3 1 6 0 — 58

5
5
_

15

-

_
_

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

-

1
-

37
37

6
6

3
3

16
16

3
3

12
12

31
28
3

41
38
6

49
38
29

22

13
4
4

1
1
-

259
41
218
77
43
91

152
58
94
48
20
21

45
35
10
6
4
-

20
17
3
2
1

11
4
7
3

11

10
1
9

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

65
4
61
12
2
10
21

137
34
103
22
22
38
15

91
26
65
23
15
6
16

87
17
70
21
11
12
19

55
9
46
19
3
17
4

12
4
8
5
3

18
18
1

1
1
1

_

-

17

-

26
----- Z5—

14
13

-

11

-

-

-

-

131
16
115
78
13
3
19

46
23
23
4
6
2
6

8
72
5
67
22
_

20
25

1
1
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

_
.
_

2
1
1
-

1
1
-

1

1

-

-

-

"

"

6
T a b le A-1: O f fic e O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in M in n ea p olis-S t. P au l, Minn. , by industry d ivision , January 1958)

Average
S e x , occupation, and industry division

N m er
u b
o
f

NUM
BER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O —
F

W ly^
eek
W
eekly Under
earn gs1
in
(S n a ) (S n a ) 40.00
ta d rd
ta d rd

$
$
40.00 45.00
~
under
45.00 50.00

$
$
50.00 55.00
55.00 60.00

$
$
60.00 65.00
65.00 70.00

*
$
70.00 75.00
75.00 80.00

$
80.00
85.00

$
$
S
$
$
s
$
$
85.00
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
and
90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

90.00

W om en - Continued
C le r k s , accounting, c la ss B ____________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
P u blic u tilit ie s ! ___________________________ - _________
W h olesa le t r a d e ______________________________________
R etail trade ___________________________________________
Finance t t
____________________________________________

1,980
392
1,588
323
233
373
574

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
38.0

¥
57. 50
59.00
57.00
63.00
57. 50
53.00
56.00

1
1
_
_
1
-

118
5
113
.
27
53
31

329
57
272
26
44
86
93

491
78
413
64
23
101
213

373
101
272
35
64
79
70

273
64
209
73
20
32
78

176
27
149
51
14
10
62

84
29
55
21
8
3
17

85
17
* 68
30
30
_
8

38
13
25
21
2
_
2

12
1
11
2
1
8
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

C le r k s , f ile , c la ss A _______________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

225
119
106

39.5
39.5
39.0

59.50
58.00
61.00

_
_
-

_
_

47
26
21

75
48
27

36
15
21

18
11
7

10
1
9

12
1
11

3
_
3

2
2
-

1
1
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_

-

21
14
7

_
-

-

_
_
-

C le r k s , f ile , cla ss B ____________________________________
Manufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
P ublic utilities t ______________________________________
W holesale t r a d e ______________________________________
R etail trade ___________________________________________
Finance t t
____________________________________________

1,338
262
1,076
94
157
197
549

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
3 8.5

48.50
49.50
48.50
51.00
53.50
47. 50
46.50

18
_
18
_
_
1
17

401
42
359
20
32
78
196

457
110
347
9
28
81
216

274
72
202
49
25
22
73

106

26
80
7
39
_
34

50
6
44
4
21
6
13

25
5
20
3
12
5
-

7
1
6
2
_
4
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

_
_
_
_
_
.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C le r k s , ord er ________________________________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________
W holesale t r a d e _______________________________________
R etail trade ___________________________________________

271
83
188
54
97

39.5
39.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

59.00
63.00
57.50
71.50
51.00

_
_
_
_

24
_
24
_
21

40
_
40
3
24

51
14
37
7
26

36
1$
17
_
12

39
13
26
5
14

41
23
18
13
-

20
10
10
10
“

4
4
_
_
-

5
5
5

_
_
_
-

7
7
7
-

4
_
4
4
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

C le r k s , p ayroll ______________________________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________
Public utilities t ______________________________________
W holesale t r a d e _______________________________________
R etail trade ___________________________________________

695
313
382
76
99
132

39.5
40.0
3 9.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

65.50
64.00
67.00
69.50
74.50
61.50

_
_
_
_
.

10
10
_
4
6

26
5
21
3
2
12

88
34
54
18
2
27

95
50
45
2
2
18

119
71
48
7
14
18

159
99
60
7
8
34

55
17
38
7
22
3

31
9
22
8
8
-

46
15
31
10
12
-

44
13
31
12
8
11

17
17
1
13
3

1
1
1

3
3
3
-

1
1
1
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

C om ptom eter op erators ___________________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________
W holesale t r a d e _________ _____________________________
R etail trade ___________________________________________
Finance t t
____________________________________________

740
151
589
227
250
59

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
3 9.5
38.5

62. 50
“64.00
62.00
62.00
61.00
61.00

_
_
_
_
_

9
.
9
_
9
-

48
7
41
7
26
7

122
13
109
26
62
17

139
18
121
63
49
5

175
53
122
69
39
7

80
28
52
28
15
5

72
14
58
16
5
10

40
11
29
14
4
8

21
2
19
_
17

31
3
28
4
24
-

3
2
1
_
-

_
_
.
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

D uplicating-m achine op erators
(m im eograph or ditto) _____________________________________

82

3 9.5

53.50

3

13

17

22

10

4

6

4

_

3

_

.

.

_

.

168
30
138
9
12
103

231
67
164
26
12
113

172
91
81
11
24
38

134
61
73
13
15
36

79

_
_
_

30
.
30
_
1
29

2
6

54
3
20
26

18
il
7
1
4

11
3
8
7
-

6
4
2
1
1
-

.
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

179
19
160
_
18
23
119

144
43
101
6
24
20
51

63
10
53
12
14
6
18

17
1
16
6
9
1

4
4
3
1
-

3
3
2
1
-

2
2
2
“

_
-

.
-

_
-

.
-

.
-

_
~

_
■

_
~

_
“

_
“

K ey-pun ch op erators _______________________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________
Public utilities
W h olesale trade _______________________________________
Finance t t
____________________________________________

849
292
557
71
89
345

3 9.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
40.0
38.5

56.00
58.00
54.50
58.00
59.00
52.50

O ffice g irls ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

419
73
346
?8
69
50
196

39.0
3 9.5
39.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
38.5

46.50
46.50
46.50
55.00
49.50
46.00
44.00

t _______________________

Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________
Public utilities t ---------------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e _______________________________________
R etail t r a d e ___________________________________________
Finance t t
-------------------------------------------------------------------

See footnote at end of table.
t
T ransportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s), com m unication,
f t F in an ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l e sta te .




-

-

7
_
7
.
7

and other public utilities

_
_
_
_
_

7
T a b le A -1 : O f f i c e O c c u p a t i o n s - C o n t in u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Minneapolis-St. Paxil, Minn. , by industry division, January 1958)
A vkbaqx
Num ber
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W eekly
earnings
1 (Standard)1

W eekly
hours
(Stsndsrd)

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T - T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

$
Under 40.00
and
lo .o o
under
45.00

$
45.00 50.00

*55.00 10.00

50.00 55.00

60.00 65.00

*65.00 *70.00 *75.00 80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95.00
70.00 75.00

80.00 85.00

f o o . o o 105.00 110.00 115.00 1*20.00
and
90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

Women - Continued
>P

Secretaries
__ __ _______ __ -----------------„ _
Manufacturing __ __ -----__ ------ __ _ _
_
Nonmanufacturing _ __ _
_ „ ..
__ __ „ _
Public utilities t _______________________________
Wholesale trade________________________________
Retail trade _
_
—
__ ___
— __ _
— — Finance ft __ ____ ____ ____ —

2,477
983
1,494
205
297
261
479

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
38.0

74.00
76.00
73.00
74.50
77.50
72. 50
73.50

Stenographers, general
__
___
__ __
„ _
_
_
Manufacturing __
__
__ __ __
Nonmanufacturing ___ __
__ __ __ __
Public utilities t __ — — ___
— — ____ — Wholesale trade
--------- __
__ „
_
Retail trade _ __
— _
Finance tt — — —
— _______

2,524
989
1,535
319
3 64
224
461

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
38.5

62.00
62.00
62.00
68.50
65.00
60.50
57.50

39.0
39.0

64.00
64.00

40.5
41.0
40.0
39.5
38.5

60.00
65.00
58.00
72.00
52.50
59.00
57.00
59.00
56.00
58.00
57.50
54.50
56.50

Stenographers, technical
Nonmanufacturing _ _
_

__ __ __
__ ____ __ _
__
__ __
—

66
5T“

Switchboard operators ___
____ ____ „ __ __
400
Manufacturing __ __
__
__ __ „ __ __ __ _ — f s t i
Nonmanufacturing _ ____ „ _______ __ __
291
Public utilities t _____
—
„ __ __ _
41
Retail trade _
_
_
73
55
Finance t t ------------------------------------------------------

~ ? < T .o “

Switchboard operator-receptionists __ __ „ „
__ _
Manufacturing _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _ ____ _______ __ „ __ __ ___
Public utilities t _ — ___
——
___ _
Wholesale trade
_
. . .
Retail trade _
Finance t t _____________________________________

621
218
403
52
126
103
52

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
37.0

Tabulating-machine operators _ __ _
_ __ — __ __
Nonmanufacturing _ _ __
__ ____
Finance tt
—
— — —
— — —

151

39.0
67.50
39.0" “637515
62.50
38.5

Transcribing-machine operators, general . _
Manxifacturing __
__
__ „
__ _
_
Nonmanufacturing _ __
____ __
Wholesale trade
.
Finance t t — — ____ — Typists, class A — __ —
Manufacturing __ __ „
Nonmanufacturing _ __
Public utilities t Wholesale trade „
Finance tt —
Typists, class B __ __ __
Manufacturing
__ __
Nonmanufacturing _
Wholesale trade
Retail trade _
Finance tt
-

—

63

...
_

........ .......... ....... .............. .
.
„ __
__
____
—
— —
— ______
_
—
— —
— —
__

„
_

- - --

_
.

..

iu r~

683
199
484
218
200

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.0
38.0

58.50
56.50
58.50
61.00
56.00

584
256
328
75
63
143

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
38.0

59.00
58.50
59-50
68.50
63.00
53.50

2,360
696
1,664
336
153
843

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.5
38.0

52.00
54.00
51.50
54.00
52.00
49.50

_
_
_
_
.
_
_

_
_
-

6
2
4
_
_
1
1

51
2
49
11
_
3
13

144
41
103
32
15
10
28

380
129
251
49
30
48
105

607
254
353
31
85
56
115
16
16

342
122
220
33
12
46
61

387
124
263
19
43
59
92

430
189
241
23
45
38
85

508

282
44
79
32
73

330
121
209
30
71
37
61

154
202
72 ----- 5T”
130
93
38
53
27
30
22
15
10
13

23
23

11
11

_

_

-

22

166
75
91
5
7
14
62

_
-

-

4
4

-

11
.
11
7
-

71
2
69
31
8

71
8
63
1
15
6

_
_
.
-

12
_
12
_
.
8
-

93
19
74
9
20
27
-

167
55
112
17
23
24
19

142
26
116
8
47
26
26

95
60
35
17
10
4

_
-

4
4
4

5
5
5

17

15

28

24
_
24
8
16

73
— 31
32
1
29

1

52
25
27
_

_

_
_
-

_

.
_
_
_

27
_
27
2
3

_

_
_
-

1
_
_
-

2
_
2
_

224
23
201
22
16
138

_

2

68
67
26 — n ~
41
45
2
12
2
8
15
18

---- T i­ ---- Tl — Z V ~
14
ll
7
112

131
— 36“
95
34
45

187
30
157
69
56

140
44
96
16

109
68
41
8
17
4
183
— Si­
ll 5
55
11
5

24

74

161
84
77
3
23
35

715
189
526
87
43
352

706
226
480
95
43
231

418
127
291
62
39
111

_

226

_

—

T7

75
49
20

5
5

432
218
214
22
61
34
74

l

1

104
41
63
4
17
18
21

89
37
52
12
16
7
17

87
40
47
18
5
13
11

35
18
17
10
2
1
1

14
9
5
3
1
1

9
7
2
2
-

12
1
11
3
6
2

90
41
49
40
9
-

30
30
15
15
_
-

7
1
6
6
_
-

16
2
14
6
8
-

5
5
-

1
1
"

1
1
-

_

_

-

-

5
5

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

_

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_
.
-

.
-

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

1
-

3

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

*

-

_

-

_
-

-

73
48
25
9
9
1
-

25
7
18
8
4
4
2

6
1
5
1
3

1
1
-

_

.
-

_
-

-

1

7
1
6
3
3
-

6
6
1 -------5“
3
-

14
28
13
— rg“ — nr- ------ E ~
2
3
7

11
9
7

92
---- j j - ---- 41 ~ — 10 ~
YT
r
27
6
55
22
6
24
1
25
-

9
9
5
4

4
4
4

1
_
1
1
_
-

7
.
7
7
_
-

_
.
_
_
-

_
_
_
*

40
10
20
4

28
9
19
11
3
2

19
_
19
19
_
-

63
33
30
12
1
1

44
26
18
3
.
2

5
4
1
_

66
2Z

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

.
-

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

-

_

_

_
_
_
-

.
_

-

-

-

_

.

_

_

-

_
-

-

1
1

_

-

-

7
1
6
6
_
-

r r

_
-

-

21
17
15
15 ----- T T -------8~
6
7
9
1
7
3
_
_
3
"
-

51

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours,
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
tt Finance, insurance, and real estate.




_

34
9
10
5

—

7
3
4
3
1

328
129
199
13
71
31
71

■

_

_
_
_
*

_
-

“

-

-

_

-

-

-

.
-

-

_
-

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
"

“

“

8
T a b le A - 2 :

P r o fe s s io n a l a n d T e c h n ic a l O c c u p a t i o n s

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. , by industry division, January 1958)
A ek q
v ax
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num ber

o
f

workers

W ee k ly
1 (Standard),1
earnings

W eekly,
hours
(Standard)

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T - T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

$
$
$
$
$
Under 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00
and
$
50.00 under
55.00 60. 0Q 65. 00 70.00 75. 00

S
$
75.00 80.00
80.00 85.00

$
85.00
90.00

$
90.00
95.00

-

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00
and
100.00 lQ^QS J J S L M 115..QQ
-12fLQQ 130.Q over
Q

$

Men
Draftsmen, senior----------------- ------------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------------------------

722
5*1
171

40.0
40. 0
40.0

$
101.50
101.50
101.50

Draftsmen, junior -----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing--------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing---------------------------------------------------

588
519
69

40.0
4o.O
40.0

80.50
80. 50
78. 50

T ra ce r s----------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing--------------------------------------------------------

165
165

39.5
39.5

61.00
6l. 00 "

128
98

39.5
39. 5

82. 00
82. 50

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
12
1

_
13
13

27
27

_

_

47
47

53
51
2

13
11
2

29
27
2

44
40
4

83
66
17

88
60
28

99
"69
30

64
34
30

107
85
22

74
56
18

45
35
10

79
70
9

71
65
6

93
70
23

107
94
13

41
35
6

33
28
5

14
14'
■

55
54
1

17
17
•

12
9
3

_

_

-

-

■

"

"

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

-

“

“

“

“

_

1
1

_

33
33

23
23

9
9

5
5

!

5
3

13
10

24
16

1
1

_

■

7
7

28
28
■

21
20
1

27
20
7

-

-

_

Women
Nurses, industrial (registered)---------------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------------

_

39
' T3 "

13
10

29
T4

3
1

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.




-

_

•

9
T a b le

A -3 :

M a in t e n a n c e

and

P o w e r p la n t O c c u p a t i o n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., by industry division, January 1958)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T - T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S O F —

Occupation and industry division

N me
u br
o
f
wr e a
okr

A
vene*
h u j Under
o rly
e r in e $
aa g
1. 70

Carpenters, maintenance--------------------------------Manufacturing---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing---------------------------------------

207
nro
87

$
2.72
2. 64
2.83

Electricians, maintenance------------------------------Manufacturing---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing------------------- ----- —
-------—
—

369
2 ffS
T
81

Engineers, stationary .................. — —
— -------—
---Manufacturing------------------- ------ ---- ------------Nonmanufacturing — —......... ............. ...............

V 70
and
under
1.80

*1.80

*1.90

1.90

2.00
2
2

*

2.00

2 10 * 2.20

* .

2. 10 2.20

2.30

2
2

12
10
2

5
"7"

■

.
-

.
-

_
-

5
4

32
32

.
-

15
15
-

-

1
1

28
23
5

12
8

14
5
9

25
23

34
33

31
19

*2.30

*2.40

*2. 50

*2.60

*2. 70

2.40

2.50

2.60

2. 70

2.ao

28
16

23

27
27
~

16
2

2

10

-

-

-

2. 77
2. 72
2.95

„
-

_
-

534
292
242

2. 51
2. 52
2.50

„
•
"

Firemen, stationary b o ile r -----------------------------Manufacturing ---- ------------- ---- --------------------Nonmanufacturing --------— —
— ----- ....
......—

414
273
141

2.26
2.28

11
11

Helpers, trades, maintenance------------------------Manufacturing----- —
----------- ------------------ --------

407

33o

2. 14
2.09

16
16

30
30

29
28

30

30

55
50

44
42

91
65

48
31

46
46

Machine-tool operators, toolroom------------------Manufacturing — — —— —— ------------------—
—
— —

166
lb 8

2.38
2775"

■

■

*

■

12
12

7
7

42
42

Z1

21

Machinists, maintenance — ----------— —------------Manufacturing----- — --------- ------------------ --------

502
488

2. 6
8

2.69

.
"

.
“

.
"

.
“

_
■

■

36

Mechanics, automotive (maintenance)------------Manufacturing —.......... — .
----------- — ■
-—
Nonmanufacturing . ... ---------------------------Public utilities f -------------------------------------

811
72
739
646

2.42
2770"
2.41
2.40

.
-

.
“

1
1

_
-

_
-

17

58

Mechanics, maintenance
... Manufacturing —.... - --------------- —
---------- ------Nonmanufacturing ---- — -------------------------------

616
4T4

6
6

6
6

7

202

2.39
. 35
2.39

7

11
5
6

57
40
17

64
55
9

Millwrights-----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ....................■ — ■ ■
- ■ ■
■

209
706

2. 62

.
•

.
■

-

■

.
-

3
3

“

10
12
11

Oilers ----- ------ ---- — --------------------------------------Manufacturing -------- ----------------------------------

149
142

2.15
2.15

*

1
1

Z

2

6
6

76
72

18
18

25
25

Painters, maintenance------------------------------------Manufacturing —— — — — ----------------------—
---Nonmanufacturing------------- ----- ----------------- —

192
79
113

2. 77
2.76'"
2. 78

-

.
-

-

1
1

-

.
-

-

16

Pipefitters, maintenance — — ------------------------Manufacturing —
----------—
-------------------------------

156
13T

2.79
2. i 6

.
“

.
“

.
“

_
*

.
"

_
■

2
2

6

Sheet-metal workers, maintenance ——....... ......
Manufacturing...... ...................... —-------------------

52
5i

2. 62

.
■

•

.
"

.
■

■

•

4
4

.
-

Tool and dia makers ------------- — ----- - ..... ..........
Manufacturing----------- — — .............. ..............

559
55$

2. 8i

■

•

■

“

"

■

16

15
15

2.21

2

2.62

2.63
2.81

2

•
1

1

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts,
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




12

1

2

6
6

12

13

23
23
-

24
i4

45

11

7
4

10

5

14

*2.80

*2.90

2~3S1..... _3. 0Q

3

3

1

-

3

1

57
57
-

49
49
"

"
5
5
“

63
.... 54
9

28
”
18

10

5
5

22
lo
12

*3.00

s
3.10

-■1.1CL- 3.20

t
3.20

$
3.30
and
-3,-3Q... -over..
3
*3

2
2

46
33
13

-

“

19
18

.
-

17
17

6
6

15

63

12

21

51

2
2

3

8

43

42

"

2l

129
42
87

80
19

61
55

4

48
18

75
70
5

46
14
32

63

50
38

25

-

“

5
5
“

24
74
-

-

11
11
*

-

2

5

13
■

*

"

■

"

•

“

58
58

25
25

2
2

1
1

”

.
*

*

“

42
42

32

39
39

50
49

184
184

44
42’

20
16

4
4

14
14

37
32""

302

3
3

57
42

344
is
326
325

.
e
-

.
*

3
3
-

102
8
8

43
33

10
10

6
11
1

3b

1

14

2

14

16

24

11

6
1

20

12

52

5

3o

”

6

6
6

24
•
24
-

1
1

1
1

-

19
19

“

11
11

“

*

.
*

”

290
260

30
17

*

_
•
-

74
Z
48

6
6
11

77

104
b
18

53
4
49

40
40

55
55

62
62

7
4

4
4

3
3

1

11
5
6

15
7

11
11

27

1
1

55
55

16
16

17
lb

1
1

4
4

114
114

57
57

53
23—

12

■

6

8

5

...

10
10

'

1

8

7
....5 "

“

.
•

6
6

1
1

1

3
3
-

25
75'

15

_
■
40
40

-

ti

"

'

106
34"’ "
72

-

1
1
*

“

11

*

.
“

*

32
27

2
2

.
*

12
12

.
*

.
•

62
z

89
89

47
47

115
115

.
*

12

6

1
1

10
T a b le A - 4 :

C u s t o d ia l a n d

M a te ria l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a tio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. , by industry division, January 1958)
N U M B E R OF W ORKEB

OccupationX
and industry division

Num ber
of
workers

A veng e
hourly
earnings

a

Under
$
1. 10

$

12
12

4
15

12

81
81
40

1.98
2. 05
1. 78
1. 77

-

"

5
5
5

1.65

35
35
1

69

55
2

283
1
282
9

Elevator operators , passenger (men)---------------Nonmanufacturing------------- ---------------------------

79
75

l. 45

“

Elevator operators, passenger (women)-----------Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------------Retail trade----------------------------------------------

300

296

1.36

12

101

1.24

Guards --------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------------Finance f t -------------------------------------------------

526
404
122
120

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (men)3 ----------- 2, 535
Manufacturing — —— —
—
——-------------------------- 1 , 098
Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------------- 1,437
Public utilities t --------------------------------------195
Wholesale tra d e --------------------------------------89
Retail trade---------------------------------------------566
Finance | f ----------------------------------------------395

1. 54
1. 78
1. 73
1.49
1.59

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (women)---------Manufacturing---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------------------------------------------Retail trade --------------------------------------------------------------------------Finance f t -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

752
P
7U
562
93
354

1.37
1.60
1.30
1. 18
1.33

Laborers, material handling----------------------------------------------Manufacturing----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------------Public utilities f .................................
Wholesale tra d e --------------------------------------Retail trade----------------------------------------------

4, 603
1,863
2, 740
993
1, 127
572

2.03
1.95
2.08
2. 30
2. 07
1.79

41
41
.
.
41

Order fillers------------------------------------------------------ 2,468
---Manufacturing — ---- ------------ ----- — -------------3sz
Nonmanufacturing —‘-------------------------------------- 2,086
Wholesale tra d e --------------------------------------- 1,365
Retail trade---------------------------------------------617

1.96
1.98
1.96
2.06
1. 71

26
26
26

Packers, shipping (m e n )---------------------------------Manufacturing---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------------Wholesale trade---- ------------ -----------------------

811
JT
U
510
420

1.95

.
-

Packers, shipping (women)--------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing — — — ------------------------------------------------Retail trade — -----------------------------------------------------------------

346

Receiving clerks — ----------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing---------— --------— --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing — -------------------------------------------------------------Wholesale tra d e ---------------------------------------------------------------Retail trade ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

158

155
464

242

222
98
110

*1. 10 *1.20
and
under
1.20
1. 30

1.47

1.35

1. 79

1.93

1
2

*1. 60

1. 50

1. 60

1. 70

1.80

9

"

18

158

46

46

■

■

“

-

-

.
w

-

.
-

22

16

130

82

23
4
19
18

82
8z
-

90

29

76
53
23
14
1
5
3

56
52
4
_
4
.
-

36
13
10

24
20
4
1

63
57
6
-

40
35
5
-

-

-

101
101
53

60
60
.
8
52

23
2
21
_
21

96
68
28
8
20

90

102

15
.
15

30

31
31
.
31

67
67
67

90
90
90

74
74
.
74

27
10
17
17

36

62

18
1
3

_

9

-

-

16
3
13
10

11
11
-

33
28
5

47

21
15
15

51

35
15
-

-

-

1.47
1. 36
1.34

8
7
7

35

15

9
-

38

41
23
23

35
_
-

.
-

41

41

22
-

132

13
3
3

1

118

Z
9

11

12

53
53

294

179

44
21
9
14
-

34
10
24

75
21
48
43
4

_

_

-

1

6

2

_

-

-

250

145

29

26

’

5

2. 50

2.60

2
z
2

38

86
5Z
34

-

-

-

3

7

.

_
-

_

.
-

5

2

_
-

-

-

1

_

-

69
43
24
.
24

-

-

.
-

_
-

42
42
.
42

-

1

.

-

3

“

-

.
_

.

n

3

_

3
-

_
.
_
_
-

-

3

2

.

3
-

•
.

13

6

_
.
-

-

31
23
23

19
1Z
7

.
.
.

.

122
6
6

-

3
3
.

-

399
39
360
312

3

3
3
-

-

-

106
70
36
28

-

_
*

-

48
38
10
5

2

.
-

_

59
44
15
15

6

.
-

-

-

10
9
1
-

>

29

14
14
-

.

836
79
757
708
42

1
1

"
_
-

-

323
116
207
174
20

3

-

2

92
53
39
18
10

33

2. 70
and
over

_
.
-

1

29
22
3

18

$

_
-

-

633
559
74

26

2. 70

-

3

190
138
52

37
11
26

.
-

2.60

-

851

218

90

$

-

491

72
4

325

2

383
3d4
79
42
17
20

75

$

"

.
-

18
13
5
4

74
18
56
38

2.50

7
7

410
1
409
27
339

35

.

2.40

Z

19
11

.

191
19

2.40

$

1

502
352
150
64
11
48
24

6
-

2.30

2
2
-

1

1

2r 30

$

-

559

.

2.20

2.20

5

427
3
5
188
216

.

2. 10

8O F—

S

■

187
13
27
38
109

2
1

$
2. 10

2.00

1.90

1.90

$
2.00

“

208

158

$

"

72
Z3
49
15

7

1.80

S T R A IG H T - T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G

3

121
28
93
8
36
12

14

18

$

2
2

3
3
-

11

See footnotes at end of tabTh.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




*1. 50

10
10
10

-

2.04
2.13
1.99

9

1.40

20
20
20

1.97
2.00

2. 10

1.40

8R E C E IV IN G

S1. 70

30

15

11
-

-

1. 30

$

1
1
1

-

2.15

4

$

9

29
5
20

301 TT8

9

25

68
39
29
13
16

-

410
139
271
25
175
71

-

544

931

245
11
222
12

920
900
.
20

629

4

138

6

625
349
221

105
93
12

1
1

105
55
50
50

2
Z
*

T?9

33

.

1
1

5

_
-

.

*

3

.
-

31
31
-

-

.
-

41

38

3
.
3

_

.

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

"

“

"

5
5

_

.

_

.

7
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

"

~

-

"

23

.
-

102

34
68

49

17

48
11
37
19
18

52

47
5
3

15
TA

1
-

'23
-

"

1
1
-

11

T a b le A - 4 :

C u s t o d ia l a n d

M a t e r i a l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a t i o n s - C o n tin u e d

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. , by industry division, January 1958)

Occupation1 and industry division

N me
u br
o
f
wr e s
okr

h u ly 3 Under
or
e r in s $
an g
1. 10

$

1.10

T to r

$

1.20
1.30

$

1.30
1.40

$

1.40
1.50

N M ER O W R E S R C IV G STR IG T-T E H U L E R IN S O —
U B
F O K R E E IN
A H IM O R Y A N G F
$
$
$
$
$
S
S
$
1.60
1. 50
1. 70
1.90
1.80
2. 00
2. 10
2.20
2. 30

$

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

1- 90

2. 00

2. 10

S
2.40

$
2.50

2.20

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

S
2. 60
.A*

$
2. 70
and
over__

Shipping clerks ---------------------------------------------Manufacturing-------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------Wholesale tra d e ------------------------------------

358
181
177
120

$
2.20
2.21
2.19
2. 17

Shipping and receiving clerks -----------------------Manufacturing-------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------

226
R5
81

2. 16
2. 19
2. 11

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

_
-

_
-

2
2

11
11

15
14
1

34
30
4

53
32
21

19
ll
8

25
7
18

34
30
4

2
2
-

Truckdrivers4------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------------Public utilities - f ---------------------------------Wholesale trade
— _
Retail trade------------------------------------------

3, 546

2.29
2. 30
2.29
2. 32
2.26
2.22

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

9
•
9
9

11
11
11
_
-

2
2
2
_

14
_
14
4
_
9

38
9
29
4
_
25

56
32
24
23
.
1

72
45
27
.
27
-

508
96
412
_
161
251

376
111
265
1
92
170

2264
31
2233
1906
233
94

37
25
12
6
6

22

22

m

22
-

Iz

-

1
1
1
.
-

114

3, 053
1,975
513
562

_

_
"

9
-

1
~

11
"

2
-

14
-

22
-

8
5

10
10

112
8

66
43

586
■

8
2

_
.

.
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
.
-

-

.
_
_
.
-

16
9
7
.
.
7

48
27
21
21
_
-

57
30' '
27
.
27
-

272
44
228
_
117
111

158
6Z
96
1
79
16

929
"28
901
794
87
20

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

5
_
-

79
79
_
2

“

*
■

91
56

vn

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

1
-

10
10
_
“

38
28
10
9

45
18
27
19

87
40
47
26

78
17
61
54

40
29
11
3

27
6
21
9

22
22
“

6
6
.
-

4
4
-

-

10
10

19
19
-

_
-

-

74
6b

.
“

.
■

17
i2
5
5
_
-

26
z6
.
.
-

22
22
.
_
-

16
16
-

586
518
447
81

2
.
-

.
-

“

6
.
-

3
3

55
55

10
1

8
8

"

”

25
"

.
*

14
8
.
6

Truckdrivers, light (under l l a tons)--------/
Manufacturing--------------------------------------

923
136

2.28
2.38

_
"

Truckdrivers, medium (lVi to and
including 4 tons)-------------------------------------Manufacturing-------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------Public utilities f -----------------------------Wholesale tra d e ------------------------------Retail trade--------------------------------------

1, 561
2 76
1,285
821
310
154

2.28
2.27
2.29
2.33
2.23
2. 18

.
-

-

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons ,
trailer ty p e )-------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------Public utilities " f ------------------------------Wholesale tra d e -------------------------------

706
559
447
107

2.33
2 . 33
2.34
2. 31

_
-

_
“

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons, other
than trailer type)------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------

167
123

2.26
2.28

“

“

~

"

"

■

*

■

“

Truckers, power (forklift)---------------------------Manufacturing-------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing------------------------------------Public utilities f ----------------------------------Wholesale tra d e ----------------------------------Retail tr a d e -----------------------------------------

759
338
421
249
75
97

2. 17
2.04
2.27
2.34
2. 15
2. 18

_
.
.
-

_
.
_

_
.
_

.
.
_
-

2
2
.
.
_
-

12
12
.
.
.
-

16
16
.
_
_
-

112
"112
_
_
_
-

35
35’ ”
.
_
_

73
53
20
_
14
6

90
Iz
78
.
23
55

85
11
74
.
38
36

309
6b
249
249
.

-

_
.
_
.
-

_
.
-

_
-

Truckers, power (other than forklift) ----------Manufacturing-------------------------------------------

195
163

2. 14
2.15

_
"

„
“

_
“

_
■

_
"

1
1

5
’ .. 5

18
" 18

21
15

48
46

34
10

10
lb

49
49

.

"

„
*

9
9

“

Watchmen ■ ------------------------------------------------■
■
Manufacturing-----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------------Public utilities f ----------------------------------

251

1.73
1.89
1.62
1.79

2
-

25
5
20
4

12
12

3
3
.

18
2
16

45
4
41

38
24
14

17
5
12
7

44
22

11
8
3

.
-

.
•
s
s

14
14
.

.
•

-

-

•

22

14
10
4
4

-

2

m

151
47

-

2

.
_
.

-

8
3

5

2

-

8

-

20

28
'24 .
_
24

1 Data limited to men workers, except where otherwise indicated.
* Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
* The March 1957 data (BLS Bull. 1202-14) should read as follows: All industries 2, 440 and $1.55; nonmanufacturing 1,380 and $1.45; public utilities 194 and $1*. 70.
Includes all drivers regardless of siae and type of truck operated.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
t t ftaaace, insurance,'and real estate.




2b

-




B:

E s ta b lis h m e n t

P r a c tic e s

and

S u p p le m e n ta r y

W age

P r o v is io n s

Table B-l: Shift Differentials'
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
(a)
In establishments having
formal provisions for—

Shift differential

(b)

Actually working on—

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

87 .2

78.0

12. 1

8 6 .5

78.0

11.8

2 .8

_ _____

6 6.8

59.2

8 .7

2 .2

Under 5 cents _________________________________________

.6
11.0
1.0
3 .8
5 .4
.9
32.0
3 .4
1.5
2 .8

_
3. 5

_
1.5
.1
.4
.7
.3
2 .6
.9
.2
.7

_
*

With shift pay differential ___________________________________
Uniform cents (per hour) ___

_

_______

6 cents --------------------------------------------------------------------------7 CC lt8
T
8 cents ^
__
- „_ _
8Vz cents ______________________________________________
10 cents ___ ___
_____ __ _
11 cents
.
................... ...
_
_____
___
____ _
_ __ __
12 cents
_
13, 137a cents ________________________________________
14, 147a c e n t s ..........................................................................
15 c e n ts ______________________________ _______________ __
Over 15 cents _________________________________________

Second shift

Third or other
shift

2 .8

2.2
2.2

.4
.8
.
2 3.6
1.0
7 .6
.9
2 .7
10.8
7 .9

Uniform percentage ______________________________________

19.7

18.8

3. 1

.6

5 percent
____________________ ______________
_____
7*/ z percent ____________________________________________
8 percent ____ ________ __ _ ______________________
10 p ercent____ _________________ ___ ____________________
127a percent__
_ _ _ __
13 percent____ __ _ __ __
__ __ __
__ ____

2 .0
12.0
1. 1
4 .6
-

_
2 .0
1. 1

_
1.7

_
-

No shift pay differential______ _______ _____

__ ___

______

.8

.8

11.1
3 .9

.4

.9

.2

1.2
.2
.1

.2
.6

*

1.2
-

-

-

"

.5

.3

1
Shift differential data are presented in term s of (a) establishment policy, and (b) workers actually employed on late shifts
at the time of the survey. An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following conditions:
(1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
* Less than 0 .0 5 percent.
Occupational Wage Survey, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. , January 1958
U .S . DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

13

Table B-2:

Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1

Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rate in—
Manufac turing
Minimum rate
(weekly salary)

All
schedules

Establishments studied

241

40

91

XXX

All
schedules

150

Based on standard weekly hours 2 of*-

All
industries

37 l/a

40

XXX

XXX

All
schedules

241

91

40

XXX

All
schedules

37 V2

40

150

XXX

XXX

For Other Inexperienced Clerical Workers

For Inexperienced Typists

Establishments having a specified minimum.

Nonmanufactur ing

Manufactur ing

Based on standard weekly hours2 of-

All
industries

| Number of establishments with specified minimum hiring rate in—

Nonmanufacturing

128

43

37

85

14

60

131

41

34

90

13

67

1
3
34
34
20
11
6
7
4
4
_
4

_
9
13
5
7
3
1
3
_
_
2

_
_
7
10
5
6
3
1
3
_
_
2

1
3
25
21
15
4
3
6
1
4
_
2

_
1
5
2
5
1
_
_
_
_
_
-

!
2
15
14
10
3
2
6
1
4
_
2

1
5
48
27
22
5
6
6
4
3
_
4

_
_
9
12
9
2
3
1
3
_
_
2

_
_
6
9
8
2
3
1
3
_
_
2

1
5
39
15
13
3
3
5
1
3
_
2

_
2
5
2
4
_
_
_
_
_
-

1
3
27
11
9
3
2
5
1
3
_
2

Establishments having no specified minimum

67

30

XXX

37

XXX

XXX

64

25

XXX

39

XXX

XXX

Establishments which did not employ workers in
this category
___ _____
___ _

46

18

XXX

28

XXX

XXX

46

25

XXX

21

XXX

XXX

$35.00
$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50
$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62.50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under $37.50
under $40.00
under $42.50
under $45.00
under $47.50
under $50.00
under $52.50
under $55.00
under $57.50
under $60.00
under $62.50
over _ __ _

_______________________________
__
_____
___
_______________________________
_
_______________________________
___________________
_
___ _
________________________________
__

* Lowest salary rate formally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries. Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the most common workweeks
reported.
3 Rate8 applicable to messengers, office girls, or similar subclerical jobs are not considered.




Occupational Wage Survey, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. , January 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

14

T a b le

B -3 :

S c h e d u le d

W e e k ly

H ou rs

P C T O O IC WORKERS^MPLOYED IN—
ER EN F FF E
Weekly hours

A
ll ,
in u s
d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

_________________

100

100

35 hours _______________________________________
Over 35 and under 37Vz hours ________________
37V2 hours _____________________________________
383 hours _________________ ___ ___________
/g
Over 38V and under 40 hours ________________
4
40 hours
_
__
_
Over 40 and under 44 hours
44 hours _______________________________________
45 hours
_ „
_______ __ _______ _______
Over 45 hours _

1
1
17

R il tra e
eta
d

100

100

100

PER
CEN O PLAN W R
T F
T O KERS EM
PLO
YED IN—

**

All workers ________________

W o le
h lesa
tra e
d

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie ^
s

A
U
in u s
d strie

M n fa rin
a u ctu g

Pb
u lic
u
tilitie t
s

W o le
h lesa
tra e
d

R il tra e
eta
d

100

100

100

100

100

100

7
-

_

.
97

_
91
3
7

F a cet t
in n

S rv e
e ic s

4

4

-

3

-

-

43

1

-

8

4

21

-

5
84

-

98

**
**

89
-

7
4
4

1

5
5
9
78
♦*
**

**
99
-

-

2

-

-

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

■

"

"

■

“

“

1

8
3

68

32
-

86
-

-

86
1
2
1
1

S rv e
e ic s

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

-

3

_

"

-

1 Estimates for office workers are not comparable with earlier studies.
See Introduction, p. 2.
2 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
♦♦Less than 0 .5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.

T a b le

B -4 :

O v e r tim e

Pay

P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —

Overtime policy

All workers ___

___

___

Workers in establishments providing
premium pay3 _ __
__
.
_
_ _
Time and one-half __ __
Effective after less than 8 hours _______
Effective after 8 hours _______ _____
Effective after more than 8 hours
Other
__ _
Workers in establishments providing no
premium pay or having no policy __________________
Workers in establishments providing
premium pay 3
Time and on e-h alf__________________________
Effective after less than 40 hours
Effective after 40 hours _______ ____
Effective after more than 40 hours______
Other ________________________________________
Workers in establishments providing no
premium pay or having no policy

1

AH
in d u stries

1

M anufacturing

Public ,
u tilities f

W holesale
trade

R e ta il trade

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Finance •j’ j ’

Services

AU
industries

M a n u fa c tu rin g

Public
u tilitie s y

W holesale
tra d e

R e ta il tra d e

Services

■

100

100

100

100

100

100

1
00

100

100

100

100

33
33
6
27

53
53

49
49

38
38

8
8
8

85
85
6
75
4

93
93
8
85

98
98

87
87

65
65

1

_

43

49

33
33
2
32

-

_

_
_

_

_
_
_

67

62

92

15

_

97
97
2
96
_
_

94
94
6
88
_
_

99
99
14
85
.

98
98
7
89
2
_

“

3

6

**

2

1
0
-

-

67

47

51

98
98
6
92
_
_

100
2
98
.
_

100

100
100
_
100

2

“

_

31
7

_

_

_

98
-

.

87

.

-

.
.

7

2

13

100
100
1
0

100
100
.
100

100
100

90
-

_
”

_

_

52
14
_

35

.
100
_

96
96
_
90
6
_

”

4

Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3
Graduated provisions are classified to the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 10 hours a day would be considered as
time and one-half after 8 hours. Similarly, a plan calling for no pay or pay at regular rate after 377s and time and one-half after 40 hours would be considered as time and one-half after 40 hours.
* * Less than 0 .5 percent.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
Occupational Wage Survey, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., January 1958
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




15

T a b le

B -5 :

W age

S tru ctu re

C h a r a c te r is tic s

and

L a b o r -M a n a g e m e n t

P E R C E N T O P O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —

Item

A ll
industries

1

M anufacturing

Public .
u tilities "f

W holesale
trade

R etail trade

A g re em e n ts

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K ER S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Finance ‘| " f

Servioes

2

AU
,
industries

M a nufacturing

Public
u tilities f

W holesale
trade

100
72
28

R e ta il trade

Servioes

W a g * structure for
tim o-ratod workers 3
Formal rate structure - _______
Single rate _ __ ------------------- ----------Range of rates
----------- __ __ __
Individual rates ___________ __ „

—
------- _
------------------- _
__ ----------------__ ____ _

69
2
67
31

77
3
74
23

79
-

79
21

38
7
31
62

62
3
59
38

-

95
50
45
5

97
50
47
3

99
45
55
*♦

■

88
36
52
12

84
16
3
8
4

79
79
21

80
20
6
13
1

100
-

98
2

81
19

-

-

-

_
“

1
1

3
17

80-84

90-94

95+

M ethod of w a g e paym ent
for plant workers
DATA NOT COLLECTED

Time workers
______________________________________ *
Incentive workers ___ — ____ ______ _______
Piecework __ ____ __ __ ____ __ ____ _
Bonus work _______ ___ ______ ____ C om m ission__ ____ _________________ _

L ab or-m anagem ent agreements 4
Workers in establishments with agreements
covering a majority of such workers _____

10-14

0-4

60-64

5-9

30-34

0 -4

85-89

60-64

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Estimates for office workers are based on total office employees, whereas estimates for plant workers are based on time-rated employees only.
4 Estimates relate to all workers (office or plant) employed in an establishment having a contract in effect covering a majority of the workers in their respective category.
The estimates
so obtained are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by provisions of labor-management agreements, due to the exclusion of smaller
size establishments.
** Less than 0 .5 percent.
| Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
ft Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., January 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

16

Table B-6:

Paid Holidays*

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Item

Manufacturing

Public
utilities ^

Wholesale
trade

____

__

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

100

'

-

1

-

-

-

-

_
35

86

35

**
55

**
43

_
44

_
39

!
83

1
48

11
31

8

4
11
4
14

9
7
18

16
12
14

_
**
45

_
12
33

_
.
13

5
5
12

19
1

2
3
18

5
1

**
4

1
2

**
-

-

-

-

11
-

4

7

12

-

3
_
13

2
1
_
**

3
1

**

-

“

8
4

"

-

-

-

“

"

-

•

3
1
**

1

■

”

■

10
3
“

1

2

-

1
4
5
8
21
25
48
56
100
100
100

_
1
1
2
19
24
37
57
100
100
100

3
12
12
24
32
36
61
65
100
100
100

_

.

1
1
1
10
10
35
44
99
99
99

2
2
2
14
14
40
57
100
100
100

Manufacturing

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

A ll w o r k e r s ___

_ _____ ____

_____

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
All ,
industries

Public
utilities J

100

100

100

100

-

-

"

_
44

_
43

32

8
7
1
17

19
6
8

3
5
**
8

All 2
industries

Finance "ft

Services

Retail trade

Services

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
W o r k e r s ^ e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g no
paid h o lid a y s __ ______ — __ __ _ _________
N u m b e r off d a y s
L e s s than 6 h olid a y s ___ _ ________ ______
6 h o lid a y s __ ____ __ _ _______
6 h o lid a y s p lu s:
1 h a lf day __ ______ ___ _ _ ___ _ __ ___
2 h a lf days _ _ _ _ _ _ _
__ ________ __
3 h a lf days ____________________________________
7 h olid a y s __
_______ ___
_____________ __
7 h olid a ys p lu s:
1 h a lf d a y ___ _ _ __ ___ _ __ ____ — _
2 h a lf days _ __ _ _______ ___ __ _ ____
5 h a lf days _ _ __
_ _
_______ _ _
8 h olid a y s __ _
_____
_ __ _ _ _____
8 h olid ays p lu s:
2 h a lf d a y s ...................................................................
9 h olid a ys p lu s:
2 h a lf days
_ — _ __ _ __ _
--------____ _ _
_ __ ____ __
4 h a lf days ___
10 h olid a ys
__
__ _ _ _______________ -

_
-

-

-

T o t a l h o l i d a y t im e 4
1 1 Hays
10 o r m o r e d a y s __________________________________
9 7a o r m o r e days ________________________________
9 o r m o r e days _____ _
__ _ _____ __ ____
8 o r m o r e days _____ _ __ ----_ __ ____
7Va o r m o r e days ________________________________
7 o r m o r e days __ __
_______ _ __ _ —
67a o r m o r e days ___ _______ __
__ _ _ ___
6. o r m o r e days
_ __ __
__
__ __ __
5 o r m o r e days __
_ __
---- --- ------- -----3 o r m o r e days _
__ __
__ __ __ __ _ __

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
23
65
65
100
100
100

1
6
14
14
100
100
100

20
20
68
68
100
100
100

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
t t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

11
11
56
56
100
100
100

16
16
61
61
100
100
100

_

1
3
15
15

99
99
100

Occupational Wage Survey, Minneapolis>St. Paul, Minn. , January 19*8
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

17

Table B-6:

Paid H olidays1 - Continued

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N -

Item

A1
1

,
industries *

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Finance "tl"

Services

All
.
industries

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities T

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

Holidays 5
New Year's Day _____________________ ___ __
Washington's Birthday______________ ________
Decoration Day __ ______
July 4th ......................................................................
Labor Day
_ ____
Armistice Day ________________________________
Thanksgiving Day __________ _______________
Christmas .......
Good Friday ___________________________________
Christmas E v e ________________________________
Lincoln's Birthday __
_ ....
Half day Christmas E v e _______________________
Half day Good Friday
Half day New Year's Eve _____________________
Half day Lincoln's Birthday___________________

100
21
100
100
99
12
100
100
14
4
3
25
12
10
3

100
18
100
100
100
4
100
100
6
5

100
18
100
100
100
49
100
100
1
1

100
27
100
100
98
100
100
35
7

-

-

-

28
10
5
3

19
1
19

13
13

100
8
100
100
98
-

100
100
2
_
-

1
4
_

100
28
100
100
100
18
100
100
26
4
9
37

26

13
4

99
7
99
99
98
9
98
99
5
7
18
**
9

100
8
100
99
100
8
100
100
5
12
28
**
12

100
17
100
100
100
40
100
100
_
_
11
**
11

100
15
100
100
100
-

100
100
35
7
15
-

15

100
**
99

100
99

-

99

100
3
-

3
-

1

1 Estimates relate to holidays provided annually.
2 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and no
half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.
5 Only the holidays or half-day holidays provided to at least 3 percent of the office or plant workers in the area are shown in this tabulation. A few other holidays or half-holidays were provided.
♦♦Less than 0. 5 percent.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




18

Table B-7: Paid Vacations
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A
H
industries1

A ll w o r k e r s _______________________________________

Manufacturing

Public
utilities J

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
1

100
98
2

100
100
-

100
100
-

-

-

-

6
49
5
1

2
49
9
-

**
7
-

29
**
71
**

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
All industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities ’j’

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
93
7

100
88
12

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
_

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

_
33
-

25
19
-

1
8
-

14
24
_

44
19
_

-

-

28
12
**

30
9
-

-

10
79
4
3

-

-

-

-

22
1
77
-

72
2
26
-

34
65
1

72
28
-

4
96
-

77
4
18
**

85
7
8
-

75
3
22
-

61
38
1

64
36
-

9
**
89
1

9
1
90
-

8
_
89
2

20
_
79
1

22
_
78
-

_
_
100
-

47
6
45
1

62
11
25

26
2
72
-

25
2
72
1

20
80
-

1
**
97
1
1
-

2
1
95

13
12
71
2
2
-

**

**
77

1
77
15

Finance"ft

Services

M eth od o f p aym on t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s ___________________________________
L e n g t h -o f - t im e paym ent
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t _____ ___________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g no
paid v a c a tio n s __________________________________
A m oun t o f v a c a tio n p a y 9
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
L e s s than 1 w e e k __________________ _____________
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and und er 2 w eeks
2 w eek s
A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
O v er 1 and under 2 w eek s _ __________________
2 w eek s
O v e r 2 w e e k s _____________________________________
A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eek s
2 w eek s _ _____ __ _____________________________
O ver 2 w eek s __
____ ______________________

1

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w eek s
2 w eeks ___________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w ee k s
3 w eek s ___________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ______

-

2
-

_
-

_
-

4

-

-

98
2

99
1

96

100

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
83
1
1
**

_

_
99

_

-

**

91

84
16

85
8
6

-

2
2
96

-

_
5
94
1

-

_
100

-

-

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 2 w eek s ____ _ __ ___ ________
_____
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O ve r 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eek s ___________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w ee k s

85

9
6

~

10
13

-

98
2

~

See footnotes at end of table.
t Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




NOTE:

1

_

9
“

“

**

7

-

-

-

100

99
1

90

"

10

“

"

Occupational Wage Survey, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. , January 1958
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of tim e,"
such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, were converted to an equivalent time
basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.

19

Table B-7: Paid Vacations - Continued
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
V a ca tion p o lic y

All
.
industries 1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities j

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Finance ■
}"}■

Services

A
U
industries 2

Manufacturing

Public
utilities y

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

A m o u n t off v o c a t i o n p a y 3 - C o n t i n u e d
A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 2 w eeks ---------------------- _ ---------------------2 w eeks ____________________________ _____________
__ _______ __ ___
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s
3 w eeks _________________ _
____________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ______________________
4 w eeks _______ ___ ________ _________ __ ______

**
56
5
39
**

**
47
4
48
-

_
55
2
42
-

1

-

_
49
1
50
-

64
36
-

.
67
10
24
-

.
63
6
30
**

_
53
11
36
-

_
63
_
37
_

_
48
4
48
_

_
84
16
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

**
12
**
87
1

**
13
86
-

8
2
88
2

10
1
87
2

_
12
88
-

_
8

-

89
8

_
2
1
91
6

_
14

-

_
16
1
79
1
2

_
3

92
-

_
17
1
78
1
2

86
-

10
73
**
17

13
64
1
22

10
81

11
67

12
82

**
82

14
79

-

-

-

-

10

22

7

18

16
71
2
10

3
83

-

18
69
2
11

3
65

-

32

14

7

10
47

12
41

10
62

11
41

12
38

**
55

-

-

-

-

-

47

29

47

51

45

14
50
**
36

3
51

_

16
49
1
34

3
54

_

43

46

14
52
34

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 2 w eek s ----- __ ------_ ------------------------2 w eek s _________________
_____ ____________ —
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eek s ___________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eek s ______________________
-4 w eek s _____ _____ ___ ______________________

1

-

-

-

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 3 w eek s ___ __ _____ ____________________
3 w eek s ____________________________ ________ __
O v e r 3 and under 4 w ee k s ___ __ _____________
4 w eek s _______ ____________ __ _______________
A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 3 w eeks ------ ------ ------- ----_ ---------3 w eek s ____ _____ __ __ __ _______ _ _____
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eek s ____ _____ _________
4 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------

-

44

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.
^ Less than 0. 5 percent.
t Transportation ^excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years' service

20

Table B-8:

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

PERCENT OP OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N -

Type of plan

All workers _____________________________________
Workers in establishments providing:
Life insurance ______________________________
Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance _______
___ _______ __ _ __
Sickness and accident insurance
or sick leave or both 3
Sickness and accident insurance .
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)
_ .
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) __________________ __
Hospitalization insurance
_______
Surgical insurance
Medical insurance __________________________
Catastrophe insurance
________________
Retirement pension
_ _____________
__
No health, insurance, or pension plan

All
industries1

100

Manufacturing

Public
utilities y

100

100

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Wholesale
trade

All
industries

Retail trade

Finance

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

Services

Public
utilities y

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

93

95

94

89

79

96

87

89

97

96

79

42

49

19

46

44

39

49

49

28

69

46

71
40

81
68

94
21

66
44

85
45

52
14

91
73

92
87

97
28

92
73

89
59

44

38

84

32

35

49

16

9

31

31

26

3
81
80
63
27
79
3

1
91
88
57
13
73
1

6
45
45
28
1
78
2

5
88
88
78
28
69
6

10
61
59
30
30
62
9

-

12
82
80
57
5
63
2

11
92
89
63
4
67
2

42
56
56
32
**
97

4
93
91
71
14
59

Services

5
68
66
48
9
50
2

90
90
90
51
99

1 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least the mininum'
number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
♦♦Less than 0 .5 percent.
f Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
f t Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Occupational Wage Survey, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. , January 1958
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

2 1

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area. This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rate 8 representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
inter area comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau*s field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

O ffice

BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc. Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger
record. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or ac­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers. This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

22
CLERK,

FILE

Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system . C lassifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
m aterial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating m a ­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK,

ORDER

Receives custom ers' orders for material or merchandise by
m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
custom ers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
o rd ers.

CLERK,

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m a ile rs, opening
and distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Perform s secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential m ail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or m e m o r a n d a for information of superior.

PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker’s name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and d is ­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

Prim ary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
w riter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include transcribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER,

Prim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform m athe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Prim ary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

TECHNICAL

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto m aster. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters.
May sort, collate, and staple com ­
pleted m aterial.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m e ssag es.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone ord ers.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

23
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s
time while at switchboard.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.

TABULATING-MACH1NE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form. May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records. % May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Uses various types of drafting tools .as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

and

Techni cal

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working pl&ns, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings. Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

24
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

Ma intenance

TRACER
Copies
tracing cloth or
Uses T-square,
simple drawings

plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare
and do simple lettering.

nd Powerpl ant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tor s, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one~~engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electricianfs handtools and measuring
and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

25
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making ail necessary
adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance*
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded frojn this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinists handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinists wcrk normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwrightfs work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required T different applications;
or
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

26
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing; Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
rimarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
eating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains *(ith a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Cus t odi al

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tqols, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling; of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

and Ma t e r i a l

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Move me n t

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restroomr . Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

27
LABORER. MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers1 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers1 houses or places of business. May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lVa tons)
Truckdriver, medium (lVa to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy 1over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Occupational W
age Surveys
Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 19 major labor markets during late 1957 and early 1958. These bulletins, numbered 1224-1
through 1224-1 % may be purchased when available, from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.,
or from any of the regional sales offices shown below.
A summary bulletin containing data for all labor markets,combined with additional analysis will be issued early in 1959*
Bulletins for the labor markets listed below are now available.




Seattle, Wash., August 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-1, price 20 cents
Boston, Mass., September 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-2, price 25 cents
Baltimore, Md., August 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-3, price 25 cents
Dallas, Tex., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-4, price 20 cents
St. Louis, Mo., November 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-5, price 25 cents
Philadelphia, Pa., October 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224^6, price 25 cents
Denver, Colo., December 1957 — BLS Bull. 1224-7, price 25 cents





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102