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O

c c u p a t i o n a l

W

S E A T T L E ,

a g e

W A S H IN G T O N

A U G U S T

B u lle tin

N o .

1 9 5 7

1 2 2 4 -1

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



S u r v e y

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan C lagve , Cot»m i» iow>r




O c c u p a tio n a l

W age

S u rv e y

S E A T T L E , W A S H IN G T O N




AUGUST 1957

B u lle tin N o . 1224-1
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan C lagu e, Commissioner

October 1957

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. * Price 20 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Community Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fall to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A preliminary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the earlier report.
A consolidated
analytical bulletin summarizing the results of all of the
year's surveys is issued after completion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of surveys.

1
2

Tables:
1:
2:

Establishments and workers within scope of survey ______
Percent changes in standard weekly salaries for office
clerical and average straight-time hourly earnings for
selected plant occupational groups, for
selected periods ___________________________________________

A: Occupational earnings * A - 1: Office occupations_____________________________________
A - 2: Professional and technical occupations______________
A - 3: Maintenance and power pi ant occupations_____________
A - 4: Custodial and material movement occupations ______
Appendix: Job descriptions________________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available in the Seattle area
reports for September 1951 and August 1956. The reports
also include data on shift differential provisions; scheduled
weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insur­
ance, and pension plans. The 1951 report also includes non­
production bonuses; the 1956 report, minimum entrance rates
for women office workers.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels are
available for the following trades or industries: Building con­
struction, printing, local-transit operating employees, and
motortruck drivers.

1

2

rO Ifl \0 h




Introduction____________________ _______________ ______________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups ____________________

9




Occupational W age Survey - Seattle, Wash.*
Introduction
accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than of small estab­
lishments is studied.
In combining the data, however, all establishments
are given their appropriate weight. Estimates based on the establishments,
studied are presented, therefore, as relating to all establishments in the in­
dustry grouping and area, except for those below the minimum size studied.

The Seattle area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the Department of Labor1 Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
&
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits. Although data are nor­
mally obtained by personal visits of Bureau field agents to representative
establishments, data in this report were obtained chiefly by telephone. Cur­
rent occupational employment and earnings information was provided by the
establishments visited in August 1956, for occupations reported in that earlier
study. Current information on related wage benefits was not collected.1

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manu­
facturing and nonmanufacturing industries.
Occupational classification is
based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of inter­
establishment variation in duties within the same job (see appendix for listing
of these descriptions). Earnings data are presented (in the A -series tables)
for the following types of occupations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional
and technical; (c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material
movement.

In each area, data are obtained from representative establishments
within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation (excluding
railroads), communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major industry
groups excluded from these studies, besides railroads, are government op­
erations and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments hav­
ing fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted also because they
furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to warrant inclu­
sion. 2 Wherever possible, separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time
workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule in the given
occupational classification. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime
and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses
are excluded also, but cost-of-living bonuses and incentive earnings are in­
cluded. Where weekly hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations,
reference is to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for
which straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the unnec­
essary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain appropriate
* This report was prepared in the Bureau*s regional office in San
Francisco, Calif. , by William P. OfConnor, under the direction of John L.
Dana, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 Data for August 1956 are available in BLS Bull. 1202-1, Occupational
Wage Survey, Seattle, Wash. , for scheduled hours; shift differentials; mini­
mum entrance rate for women office workers; holiday and vacation pay pro­
visions; and health, insurance, and pension plans.
2 See footnote 2 to table 1 for minimum-size establishment covered.




Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all estab­
lishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure among establishments, the
estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establish­
ments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs
studied.
These differences in occupational structure do not materially af­
fect the accuracy of the earnings data.

Table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Seattle, Wash. , 1 by major industry division, August 1957
Number of establishments
Industry division

Within scope
of study 2

Studied

Workers in establishments
Within scope
of study

Studied

All divisions

514

133

167, 100

119,690

Manufacturing _ .
Nonmanufacturing
Transportation (excluding railroads), communica­
tion, and other public utilities 3 ______________ __ __
Wholesale trade
__
__ ___
Retail trade
__
Finance, insurance, and real estate
Services4
__

167
347

46
87

100, 700
66,400

83, 910
35,780

45
79
113
58
52

22
13
26
13
13

16, 100
9, 100
24,000
10, 300
6, 900

12, 680
2, 370
13,430
4, 870
2,430

1 The Seattle Metropolitan Area (King County). The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate
description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of com­
parison with other area employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment
data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum-size limitation (5-1 employees). All outlets (within the area) of companies^in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service, and motion-picture theatres are considered as 1 establishment.
Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation: Since Seattle*s electric utilities and local transit facilities are munici­
pally operated, they are also excluded, by definition, from the scope of the studies.
4 Hotels, personal services, business services, automobile repair shops, radio broadcasting and television, motion pictures, nonprofit mem­
bership organizations, and engineering and architectural services.

( i)

2

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
The table below presents percents of change in salaries of women
office clerical workers, and in average earnings of selected plant worker
groups.

were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupational group. Finally,
the ratio of these group aggregates for a given year to the aggregate for
other years was computed and the differences between the result and 100 is
the percent of change from one period to another.

For office clerical workers, the percents of change relate to average
weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is, the standard work sched­
ule for which straight-time salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they
measure changes in straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay
for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and include most
of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical
data are based on women in the following 18 jobs: Billers, machine (billing
machine); bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B; Comptometer oper­
ators; clerks, file, class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, payroll; key-punch
operators; office girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; switchboard
operators; switchboard operator-receptionists; tabulating-machine operators;
transcribing-machine operators, general; and typists, class A and B. Men
in the following 10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were in­
cluded in the plant worker data: Skilled—carpenters; electricians; machinists;
mechanics; mechanics, automotive; millwrights; painters; pipefitters; sheetmetal workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and
cleaners; laborers, material handling; and watchmen.

The percent of change measures, principally, the effects of (l) gen­
eral salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the labor
force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions, and changes
in the proportion of workers employed by establishments with different pay
levels. Changes in the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the
occupational averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force
expansion might increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific
occupation and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the
proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The move­
ment of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other area
e stabli shme nt s .
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects of
changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job included in
the data.
Nor are the percents of change influenced by changes in stand­
ard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they are based
on pay for straight-time hours.

Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were computed
for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries or hourly earn­
ings were then multiplied by the average of September 1951 and August 1956
employment in the job. These weighted earnings for individual occupations




Table 2 .

Indexes for the period 1953 to 1957 for workers in 14 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1202, Wages and Related Benefits,
17 Labor Markets, 1956-57.

Percent changes in standard weekly salaries for office cle rica l and straight-tim e hourly earnings
for selected plant occupational groups in Seattle, W a sh ., for selected periods
Percent in creases from —
August 1956
to
August 1957

September 1951
to
August 1956

September 1951
to
August 1957

A ll industries:
Office cle rica l (w o m e n )______________________
Skilled maintenance (men) __________________
Unskilled plant ( m e n ) ________________________

5. 0
4. 7
4 .9

2 3 .6
2 1 .0
23. 0

29. 8
2 6 .6
29. 0

Manufacturing:
Office cle rica l (w o m e n )_____________________
Skilled maintenance (men) __________________
Unskilled plant ( m e n ) ________________________

3 .9
4. 0
5. 3

2 2 .2
20. 8
15 .2

2 7 .0
2 5 .7
2 1 .2

Industry and occupational group

A : O c c u p a t i o n a l E a r n in g s

3

Table A-l: Office Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in Seattle, W a s h ., by industry division, August 1957)
Averaoe
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W
eeklyj

Weekly.
earnin
gs
(Standard) (Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0
and
under
4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$

7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0

50
13
37
11

38
11
27
2

31
4
27

5
4
1
1

-

$
9 5 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 12 5 .0 0
and
1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0

over

Men
C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A ______________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Public utilities * ______________________________ _____

200
69
131
30

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
9 3 .0 0
9 2 .6 6
9 3 . 50
8 9 .5 0

-

-

-

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B ______________________________

29

4 0 .0

8 5 .0 0

_

_

C le r k s, order _______________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

192
175—

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 7 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

.
-

-

C le r k s, p a y r o ll_____________________________________________

38

4 0 .0

8 8 .5 0

_

.

_

.

Office boys ___________________________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

130
42
88

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

5 5 .0 0
63 . 50
5 1 .0 0

9
9

27
2
25

37
37

4 0 .0
4(570"

8 3 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

_

_

6 0 .5 0
6 6 .6 6
6 5 .0 0
5 6 .0 0

_
_

3

36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

63
41

4 0 .0
4 6 .0

6 8 .5 0
6 8 .5 0

Bookkeeping-m achine o p erators, c la ss A ______________
N onm anufacturing_______________________________________

130

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 2 .5 0
7 2 .5 6

_

_

123

-

-

Bookkeeping-machine op erators, c la ss B ______________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing .
. _ ___
Retail trade -----------------------------------------------------------------

479
30
449
45

4 0 .0
4 0 .6
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 8 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
5 7 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

20
20
-

40
40
"

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A ______________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
_ ___
Public utilities *
Retail trade

338

4 0 .0
4 6 .6
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

_
_
_
_

_
_
-

-

6 2 .5 0
7 2 .0 6
6 1 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
5 8 .0 0

3 9 .5

6 7 .5 0
6 1 .5 6

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s _____________
Nonmanufacturing

_____________

104
------ T l —

-

-

1
1
1

17
11
6
2

22
12
10

-

"

-

31
10
21
12

_

_

_

1

2

4

12

.

6

4

_

_

-

2
2

-

30
30

83
83

23
19

19
15

5
5

16
16

_

_

6

5

12

1

4

2

9
2
7

23
l6
7

24
22
2

_
-

1
1

-

.
-

_
-

-

_

_

V_

_

16

-

-

-

-

-

4
1

51
8

46
42
7
25

47
45
7
5

19
9
8
1

3
3

3
3
3

_
_

-

-

-

-

6
6

14
5

4
1

31

_

2

28

6
1

-

-

-

6
5

33
33

29
29

9
4

23
23

4

17

17

9
9

_

3

110
no
-

127
4
123
14

97
10
87
11

48
5
43
14

16
6
10
6

19
5
14

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

44
_
44
_
43

11
2
9
_
1

51

35

_
51
24

2

-

12
12
_
12

5

33
14
1

64
6
58
10
13

5

-

6
6
6

63
63
_
35

148
13
135
11
70

130
7
123
11
25

150
140
6
33

108
4
104
23
24

93
35
58
19
23

61
23
38
5
2

35
25
10

4
4
-

_

_

-

-

_

_

17

25
25

18

25

27

24

2

32
3

11
1

_

id

.

-

-

-

17
— ro~

2
2
-

1
1
-

-

2
1
1
1

-

-

.

_

_

_

1
-

3
3

6
3

1
-

3

1

3

2

1

1

_

-

.
-

-

_
-

-

.
-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

12
9

4
3

_

_

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

.
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

"

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

.

Women
B ille r s , machine (billing m achine) ______________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Public u tilitie s*
_
Retail trade
B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping m achine )
N onmanufact ur ing

123
167
28

68
270

88
90

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B
M an ufactu ring____________________________________________
N onmanufa c t ur ing
Public utilities *
Retail trade

802
679
75
218

3 9 .5
4 6 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

C lerk s, file , c la ss A
N onmanufact ur ing

156
91

3976

See footnote at end of table.
* Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s),




123

com m unication,

86.60

-

3

2
2
2

_

_

_

-

-

3'
_

"

_

17

16

3

-

71

26
51
39

_
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26
26
_
_

13
2
11
1
10

10
10
_
_

1
_
l
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

3
1
2

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

1

Occupational Wage Survey, Seattle, W ash . , August 1957
and other public u tilities.
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

4

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
in Seattle, W a s h ., by industry division, August 1957)
Average

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
W
eekly , 4 0 ^ 0 4 5 . 00 50 . 00 55. 00 6 0 .0 0 65. 00 7 0 . 00 75. 00 80. 00 $8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00 95. 00 $
100.0C 105.00 1 1 0 . oc $115.0C
_
~
“
*
"
“
(Standard) (Standard) under
4 5 .0 0 50. 00 55 . 00 60 . 00 65 . 00 70 . 00 7 5 . 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 110.00 1 1 5 .0C 1 2 0 .0C 125.00

o
b
o

Weekly,

b
©

Num
ber

Sex, occupation, and industry division

and
over

Women - Continued
C le r k s, file , c la ss B
_ ___
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing .... _ ......
Public u tilitie s*
R etail trade __________________________________________

633
201
432
36
73

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 0
40. 0
40. 0

$
5 4 .5 0
6 6 . 00
4 9 . 00
58 . 00
52. 00

2131
2 131
-

C le r k s, order
_ _
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
R etail t r a d e ____

223
41
182
77

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

65 . 50
6 8 .0 0
65 . 00
58. 00

C le r k s, payroll
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
_
_____ .....
Public u tilitie s* ____________________________________
R etail trade
_
............... .

255
T09
146
27
61

40.
40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0
0

7 1 . 00
7 5 . 00
6 8 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
68 . 00

C om ptom eter operators
Manufacturing _
Nonmanufacturing _
...
_ _ ._
Retail trade __________________________________________

603
120
483
248

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

66 .
70.
65 .
64.

00
00
00
00

Duplicating-m achine operators (m im eograph
or ditto)
......
Nonmanufacturing
.....
...................

58
54

39. 0
39. 0

5 4 .5 0
54 . 00

Key-punch op erators
_ .
Manufacturing
.....
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public u tilitie s*
.............
... .............

295
152
143
50

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 3 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

9
9
_
-

_ .. _
____________________________________

155
-----89

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

5 5 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
50 . 00

16
4
12

S ecretaries __________________________________________________
Manufacturing _ _
.....
....
. _
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public u tilitie s*
_
_ _
R etail trade

1, 026
525
501
109
87

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0
40. 0

82 . 00
86. 00
7 7 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

-

Stenographers, g e n e r a l___________________________________
Manufacturing
.
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities *
________________________________________
R etail trade

1, 755
1, 039
716
115
49

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
40. 0
40. 0

69 . 50
7 2 . 00
66 . 00
7 0 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

-

_____________________________

63

3 9 .5

7 1 .5 0

_

Switchboard op erators
..
Manufacturing _
Nonmanufacturing ______________ ______________________
R etail trade __________________________________________

286
86
20 0
59

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

6 4 .5 0
70 . 00
6 2 . 00
6 2 . 00

_

-

Switchboard o p erator-rec ep tion ists ____________________
Manufacturing
_
___
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities * ___________________ _______________
R etail trade _______________________________________ _

292
71
221
58
49

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0
40. 0

6 4 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
6 3 . 00
6 6 . 00
6 4 .5 0

Office g ir ls _
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

_

_

.........
. .. _ .

.

...

Stenographers, t e c h n ic a l__

.

_ _

6 5 .5 0
67 7 5 0

_
_

_
_

36
8
28
-

11
1
10
-

_
-

-

3
3
_

43
10
33
6
6

46
2
29

48
22
26
5
16

33
20
13
5
2

16
10
6
3
2

11
8
3
_

-

11
3
8
4
4

62

-

9
7
2
2

15
9
6
2
-

_
-

.
-

48
48
42

75
3
72
39

133
23
110
23

204
41
163
114

42
9
33
29

66
37
29
1

21
5
16
-

14
2
12
-

-

16
16

14
10

19
19

-

-

-

-

21
4
17
-

33
19
14
2

26
5
21
5

30
3
27
7

84
64
20
3

61
28
33
25

29
21
8
8

8
8

40
3
37
-

28
-------3
25

11
3
8

16
13
3

44
40
4

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

192
77
115
31
11

211
156
55
16
10

161
122
39
7
4

94
78
16
3
2

37
29
8
2
-

28
22
6
1
2

100
71
29
15
-

13

22

5
2
3
-

-

5
2
144
15
129
8
11

176
20
156
26
17

438
300
138
22
7

522
433

-

------ 5
59
7
6

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

“

-

71
10
61
1
3

31
10

249
188
61
12
1

-

_

_

8

13

22

18

2

3
3

16
2
14
5

66
3
63
25

73
13
60
10

61
23
38
10

36
22
14
9

18
15
3
-

8

29
2
27
5

52
-------9
43
10
12

81
27
54
11
9

69
19
50
7
21

33
8
25
17
7

12
2
10
6

-

1

14

-

_

-

-

-

-

8
2
'

See footnotes at end of table.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.

89

_

_

14

-

_

_
_
_

_

*
1

_

_
_

9
9
-

-

_
_

_

_
_

74
74
25

65

_
_

2
2
_
_

37
13
24
8

124
16
108
10
34

2
2

_
_

12
12
10

63
5
58
5
18

_
_
_
-

_
-

-

36
8
28
28

5

-

1
1
_
-

-

1
1
_
-

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

_

_
_
-

_
-

37
27
10
6
-

-

_
_
-

-

96
89
7
2
2

16

_
_
_
_

_
-

-

73
69
4
3
1

_
_

_

_
_
_

56
2
54
5
8

5
5
_

_
_
_

_
_

94
9
85
20
41

'




_
_

141
141
21

3
3

_

-

-

_

_

_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

r

-

_

-

-

13
-

22
-

10
8
2
-

3
3
“

"

2
2
-

4
1
3
-

2
1
1
-

-

-

_

_
_
_
_

_

~

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25
10
15
15
-

2

2

3
3

2

14
1
13

-

a

-

-

-

-

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
■

-

_

"

"

_
-

.

“

-

"

■

_

“

-

2
2
-

-

_

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
T a b le A - l: O f fic e O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Seattle, W a s h ., by industry division, August 1957)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly , 4 0 .0 0
and
earnings 1
(Standard) under
4 5 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$ 0 .0 0
7

^ 5 .0 0

$ 0 .0 0
8

$ 5 .0 0
8

W oo

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

7
4

$
$
$
$9 5 .0 0 fo o .o o f o 5 . 00 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 ? 2 5 .0 0
and
1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 over

W omen - Continued
<
P
7 3 .5 0
6 8 .5 0

_

_

-

-

6 1 .0 0

_

_

6 1 .0 0

-

-

6 5 .0 0
3 9 .5
' T O "1 6 8 .5 0
6 1 .0 0
3 9 .0
6 2 .5 0
4 0 .0

_
“

1
1

5 4 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
5 2 .0 0
5 7 .0 0
5 8 .5 0

83
83
1

87
52

3 9 .5
5 9 .5

T ran scribin g-m achin e o p erators, general ____________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

138
135

3 8 .5
.....58 .'5

T yp ists, c la ss A ____________________________________________
Man nfar tii ring
N onm anufacturing________________________________________
Public utilities * ____________________________________

639
543
295
33

Tabulating-m achine op erators ____________________________
Nonmanufactur ing ____________________________________ __

840
T yp ists, c la ss B
___________________________________
M an ufactu ring____________________________________________ — 7 M —
636
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________
40
Public utilities * ____________________________________
144
Retail t r a d e _________ ___________________________ __

3 9 .0

40.6
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

_

9
9

“

8
8

8
8

26
15

51
51

8
7

36
34

29
27

1
1

69
7
62
1

226
124
— r r —
104
215
13
3
28

277
94
77
91
------ T~1 ------ T3“ ---- 2 I Z ~ ------ T T
63
21
55
82
4
5
19
-

4

-

4
1

-

1
_

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

“

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

■

-

-

.

20
"7

13
l3 '

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
16
8
4

4
1
3

1
1
“

"

“

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

“

1
1
“

4
1
3
3

4
4
1

2
2
2

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

~

-

-

-

-

'

"

"

45
5
167
180
------ T J ~ — res- ------ J i­ -------- §T
154
60
ll
18
8
1
3
63
40
”

"

_

-

1 Standard hours r efle ct the workweek for which em ployees receive their regu lar straight-tim e salarie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Includes 20 w ork ers at $35 and under $ 4 0 .
* Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.

T a b le A -2 : P ro fessio n al a n d T e ch n ica l O c c u p a tio n s
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in Seattle, W ash. , by industry division, August 1957)

Aea e
vrg
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$

60. 00
Weekly
earnings1
and
(Standard) under

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$15. 00 120. 00 125. 00 ?30. 00 135. 00 ?40. 00 ?45. 00
$
$
$
65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 n o . oo 1

65. 00 70. 00

75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 105.00 110. 00 115.00 120. 00 125.00 130. 00 135.00 140. 00 145. 00

and
over

Men
D raftsm en, l e a d e r __________________________________________
D raftsm en , s e n io r __________________________________________
M an u factu rin g-----------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
D raftsm en, junior __________________________________________
M an ufactu ring___________________________________________

99
648
586
62
1, 101

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

112.50
96. 50
95. 50
107.00

40. 0
40. 0

73. 50
72. 00

40. 0
40. 0

89. 00
90. 00

_

_

_

3
3

128
120
8

92
92

133
129
4

90
84
6

20
30
29

20
20

370
362

346
333

197
196

84
60

6
3

54
12

18
73
70
3
24

-

-

-

4

2

7
6

6
6

74
72

32
51
15
36

14
11
11

-

-

6
8
8

5
14
14

2
2

2
3
3

1
8
8

-

1
4

:
-

_

4

-

-

Women
N u rses, industrial (registere d ) _________________________
M an ufactu ring___________________________________________

95
86

'

'

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.




Occupational Wage Survey, Seattle, W ash. , August 1957
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

6

T a b le A -3 :

M ain te n an ce an d Po w erp lan t O c c u p a tio n s

(A verage hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Seattle, W a s h ., by industry division, August 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of

Occupation and industry division

Average
hourly ,
earnings

$

1. 60
and
under
1. 70

$

$

$

$

$

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

$

2 .2 0
2 .3 0

$

$

2 .3 0

2 .4 0
2 .5 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

2 . t>0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

$

$

$

$

$

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

$

C arp e n ters, maintenance
Manufacturing
.........
N onm anufacturing______________________________
Public utilities *

156
99
57
33

E le ctricia n s, maintenance
Manufacturing
_
Nonmanufacturing

211
181
30

.
.........

E ngin eers, stationary ...
M an ufactu ring __________________________________
___
Nonmanufacturing

244
—

FFT~

50

2 .4 9
-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

'

-

-

*

2 .6 2
z : 59
2 .8 1

_
“

_
_

_
-

-

"

2
2
■

8
8

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

6
6

5
-------- 5

2 .4 4
— 27T T
2 .5 5

_
..........

. ... _ , ,

2 .1 3
2 .1 6

99

_

11

"

'

_

_

_

'

F ire m en , stationary b oiler
Manufacturing

'

'

‘
19
11

'
11

4
4
2

91
71
20
19

_
“

13
7
6

133
■ m ...

69
59
10

57
43
14

8
--------3
5

_

_

41

“
56
— 43—
8

ZO

21
10

40
40

15
15

2
2

7
------ 7-----

-

-

-

-

2

"
27
24

5
2
3

3
3
2

-

-

-

9
6
3

2
2

25
9
16

2
1
1

-

■

13
13
“

“

9
9

_

_

.

.

■

5
-

-

2 .5 5
2 .5 1

2 .4 6

7
1
6

'

'

'

-

4
4

_

_

'

10
— n5—

2
--------2
“

H elp ers, tra d e s, m a in te n a n c e __________________
Manufacturing
. . . .

275
263

2 .0 4
2 .6 4

8
3

5
5

34
34

124
118

11
11

32
30

54
54

4
3

1
-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

M achin ists, maintenance
Manufacturing _ _
_

174
164

2 .6 1
2 .6 l

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

5
4

2

-

101
101

33

-

14
14

6

-

5
4

4
4

2
2

M echanics, automotive (maintenance) _ _
Manufacturing
N onm anufacturing______________________________
Public utilities *
_
_
R etail trade

544
i i5
429
331
74

2 .5 6
2 .4 6
2 .5 9
2 .5 9
2 .5 7

1

_

_

_

-

"

-

"

1
1

8
4
4
4
“

21
12
9
9
_

89
71
18
1
17

89
11
78
78
■

307
15
292
228
57

27
27
10
“

_
-

_
-

1
1
“

_
'

M ech anics, maintenance
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

315
275
40

_

.

.

.

■

-

-

■

1
1

13
12
1

23
2
21

193
19?

■

11
11

29
27
2

29
27
2

_

_

5

26

24
24

46
46

11
11

18
18

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
--------- 1
4

67

4
1
3

5
5

4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

47

■

_

6
6

87
32

1
1

-

1

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

104

94

_..

...
.....

... _

148
— m —

M illwrights _
Manuf ac tur ing

_ .... __

P ip efitte rs, m aintenance_____________
Manufacturing
T ool and die m akers
_
Manufacturing _
__
___




_ __

101

_ _
—

_ ...
____

_____

_

_

_

"

_

*

.

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

11
11

YS

13
13

5
5

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

_
-

"

“

34
------ J T
1

-

-

_

_

2 .4 5
— 2747"
2 .8 8

210

—

12
------ T2

T H ~

121
2 .5 1
------- 5 7 — — 2742“
2 .5 8
64

_ __

*

2 .1 4
2 .1 4

H
51
.

-

2 .4 4

—

104

O ilers
Manufacturing
P ain ters, maintenance
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

2 .5 5
— Z75T“
2 .4 1

-

------- 5— ---- 2 6 ---73

~

4
_

-

4

_

_

_

—

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, h olid ays, and late sh ifts.
* Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.

_

~

■
18

— rs—

26

~ ? 3 ------

-

1
1

_

■

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

2
2

_

_

_

■

"

j

_

~

2

'94

—

12
1 2 ------

_

Occupational Wage Survey, Seattle, W ash. , August 1957
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R
Bureau of Labor Statistics

7
T a b le A -4 :

C u sto d ia l an d M aterial M ovem ent O c c u p a tio n s

(A verage hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in Seattle, W a s h ., by industry division, August 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

O ccupation1 and industry division

E levator op era to rs, p assen ger (women) _______
R etail trade __ __ ___________________

___

-

Guards _______ __ -------- __ ------------- ------- --------M an ufactu ring____ __ ---------- -------- -------------Nonmanufacturing __ ________ _____ _____

241
241
72
372
------0 3 “
34

1.4 01
J anitors, p o r te r s, and cleaners (men) _____
M an u factu rin g________________________ —
__ _ ... 54$
853
N onm anufacturing____________________________ _
Public u tilities * ------- ------------__ --------79
254
R etail trade ________________ __
__ ----- _

Average2
$ 1 .2 0
hourly
earnin
gs
and
under
1 .3 0
$
1 .4 5
1 .4 5
1 .3 8

1
---------r ~
i

2 .0 1
"2 . D 3 '
1 .8 0

i
i

1 .6 6
“ 1779“
1 .5 8
1 .7 5
1 .5 3

10
10
2

$

1 .3 0
1 .4 0

$

1 .4 0
1 .5 0

92
92
50

19
19
17

-

7
7

"

$

1 .5 0
1 .6 0

$

1 .6 0
1 .7 0

128
128
4

-

1 .7 0
1 .8 0

$

1 .8 0
1 .9 0

-

202
290
-------- g— -------g----194
282
1
4
30
111

2 .0 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

$

2 . 10
2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .4 0
2 .5 0

$

2 .5 0
2 .6 0

$

2 .6 0
2 .7 0

$

2 .7 0
2 .8 0

$

$
2 .8 0

2 .9 0

2 .9 0

and
over

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

.
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

.
-

-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

433

53
20
33
7
22

22
22
18

64
4
60
12
48

6
6
-

_
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

28
28
-

147
127
20

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

"

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

431
257
174
9
20

121
— 77----44
16
6

86
36
50
46
1

63
55"
25
15

115
ros
15
15

25
24
1
1
-

1
-

_
-

677
223“
448
1
202

244
232
12
11
1

28
23
8

247
245
2

159
11
3

31
-

2
2
-

L a b o r e rs, m aterial h a n d lin g --- --------------------- _
M an u factu rin g --------- ------------- -----------------Nonmanufacturing __ ------------------ — ---------- _
Public utilities * --------------------- -------- ----- _
R etail trade ____________ ________ — ---------

1 .8 5 3
821
1 ,0 3 2
258
349

2 .0 2
2 .0 1
2 .0 3
2 .1 4
2 .0 2

_
-

3
3
3

4
4
4

78
66
12
6
6

11
5
6
6

56
20
36
4
32

174
95
79
2
17

O rd er fille r s -------------------------------------------------------------M an ufactu ring______ ____________ _______ ____
N on m anufacturing________________ ________ —

956
------ 135“ ^
770

2 .0 5

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

2 .0 3

4
4

“

116

317
205

160
--------- j—

3
--------3----

-

5
-------5------

30
30

251
25
226

358
23
330

125
125

35
6
29

80
79
1

4
4

6
6

7

_

159

P a c k e r s, shipping (men) _ -------- __ -------------------M an u factu rin g____________________ _____ ___ _
N on m anufacturing____________ _____ _________

310
145
165

1 .9 6
1793
1 .9 5

_
"

_
-

_
-

18
18
-

17
7
10

19
19
-

12
12

-

P a c k e r s , shipping (women) __________________
N onm an ufactu ring____________ ________________

233
130

1 .7 0
1.6 2

_

1
1

4
4

85
— 53------

24
20

71
12

33
-

2
2

Receiving clerk s ------------------------------------ ---------- M an ufactu ring--- ------------------------------------------- Nonmanufacturing __ ------------------ — ---------- R etail t r a d e -------- -------- -------- ------------- —

519
----- 397
122
73

1.9 1
1 .3 3
2 .0 0
1 .9 8

-

_
"

1
1
-

12
12
11

_
-

143
141
2

215
214
1
1

18
18
12

89
19
70
36

31
-------15
16
11

Shipping c l e r k s ------ -------- __ __ — ---------------- M an ufactu ring__ __ -------- __ -----------------N onm anufacturing_______________________________
R etail trade __ ________ ________ — ___ _

154
42
112
53

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

11
11
11

-

-

-

20
10
10
10

51
5
46
14

Shipping and receiving clerk s — ---------- ----- —
M an ufactu ring------------------------- __ ------------- —
Nonmanufacturing __ ---------------------- ---------

114
70
44

2 . 12
2 .1 9
2 .0 2

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

_
-

-

5
5

-

21
17
4

T ruckdrivers 3 ______________________________________
Manufacturing — __ ------- ------------- -------Nonmanufacturing
_____ _____ _____
Public utilities *
__________ — -------R etail t r a d e ____________ — — __ ---------- _

2 ,2 8 2
393
1 ,7 8 4
1 ,0 8 4
280

2 .3 2
2 .4 6
2 .2 9
2 .2 2
2 .3 9

_
_

.
_

_
-

2
2
2

1
1
1

2
2
2

_
_
_

1
1
1

90
78

2 . 14
2 .1 1

T ru ck d rivers, light (under 1 Yz t o n s ) ________
Nonm anufacturing___________________________

$

2 .3 0

4
4

"

40
40'
31

-

$

1

-

2 .1 1
"2 .1 3 " "
2 .0 8
2 .0 2

2 .3 0

45
-------?3

5
5
1

_

2 .2 0

231
215
8

1 .5 7
1.5 6
1 .4 0

-

$

3
--------- 5
-

513
331
45

'2 .1 4

$

31
30
1

Janitors, p o rte rs, and cleaners (w o m e n )________
N on m anufacturing_______________________________
Retail trade __ _____ ________________ — —

"

1 .9 0

41
54
7

57
57
56

-

$

1
1
6
6

$

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_
-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

5
5
"

1
1
-

2
2
2

_
-

_
-

1
1
"

1
1
-

_
-

25
7
18
7

23
3
20
5

12
------- 7 T
-

3
3
3

2
1
1

3
3
3

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

22
22

15
15
-

26
19
7

13
11
2

2
2

7
6
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

49
49
1
18

566
7
559
559

458
03
320
12
108

142
6
136
5
125

277
277
_

117
2
115
16

32
31
1
1

9
9
-

-

626
37
589
484
14

-

6

-

9

-

48
43

8
3

22
22

6
-

6
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

_

_
-

See footnotes at end of table.
Occupational Wage Survey, S eattle, W ash . , August 1957
* Transportation (excluding railroad s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR




Bureau of Labor Statsitics

8

T a b le A -4 :

C u sto d ia l a n d M ate rial M ovem ent O c c u p a tio n s - Contin u e d

(A verage hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Seattle, W ash . , by industry division, August 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average $
hourly 2
1 .2 0
earnings
and

under
1 .3 0
T ru ckdrivers 3 - Continued
Tru ck d rivers , m edium ( 1 V2 to and
including 4 tons) __________________________ __
M an u factu rin g ________________________________
N on m an ufactu ring___________________ ______
Public utilities * _________________________

$
2. 24
40
2 . 21
2. 20

-

423
162

2.
2.
2.
2.

41
44
41
31

395
46
349

T ru ck ers, power (forklift) ________________________
M an u factu rin g___________________________________
N onm anufacturing________________ _____________
R etail t r a d e ----------------------------- __ __ __ __

$
1. 30
1 .4 0

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

80

1 .9 0

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 . 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2

1 .5 0

1.

60

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1. 90

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 . 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2.

2. 70

-

■

■

■

556
5
551
551

-

-

-

-

-

135
135

- ■
-

-

-

-

2
2
-

70
70

165
42
123

119
119

-

-

233
233
-

56
34

93
25

10
6

68

139
94
45
9

8
8

22

-

35

29

-

-

-

-

-

2. 37
2 .3 5
2. 37

-

-

-

-

' -

543
404
139
38

2 . 10
2. 0 8
2 . 16
2. 17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

T r u c k e r s, power (other than forklift) ___________
M an u factu rin g___________________________ ______

153
147

2 . 11
2 . 10

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

"

"

21
21

108
89

1. 87

_

27

14

13

22

16

— rrsT~

5

_

10
10

Watchmen ___________________________________________
M an u factu rin g __________________________ __

_
"

78
78

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra iler t y p e ) -----------------------------------Manufacturing ----------- ---------------------------------N onm anufacturing_____________________ ____

1
2
3
*

-

9

----- 8 -----

"

Data lim ited to men w ork ers, except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
Includes all d rivers regard le ss of siz e and type of truck operated.
Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.




$

1.

-

476
------ 5 3 -----

$

1. 70

■

T r u ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler t y p e ) __ ___________________ _____ __
M an u factu rin g________________________________
N onm anufacturing___________________________
Public utilities * _________________________

$

1 . 60

_

2.

$

1. 50

“

744
85
659
570

$

1 .4 0

---- 27—

12

------ 9---- — n — —

31
95

30
28
2

12

2

137

234
39
195

2

23

n

126

2

—

~

5
5
5

60

-

. 60

6

80

. 90
and
over
2

-

-

-

1

-

2
2
-

4

-

-

-

-

9
9

_
"

_
"

_

-

2. 90

80

21
21

72
16

10

2.

6

74

-

$
2.

-

-

11
11

$
2. 70

1

9
9
-

-

37
37

-

-

"

-

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

_
"

-

2

11
10
1

_

_
-

_
■

-

9

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

O f fi c e

BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from custom ers' purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers'
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

10

CLERK,

FILE

Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system^ Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating m a­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK,

ORDER

Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.
CLERK,

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential m ail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include tran­
scribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto m aster. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters.
May sort, collate, and staple com ­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

11

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools .as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, e tc .; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

a nd

Technical

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

12

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continue.d

A registered nurse' who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

Mai nt e nanc e

TRACER
Copies
tracing cloth or
Uses T-square,
simple drawings

plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare
and do simple lettering.

and Po we r p l a nt

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electricianfs handtools and measuring
and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

13
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance'
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning ana laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinists handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist’ s work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of'such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment. Work involves the following; Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

14
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes .meet
specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
rimarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
eating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Cu s t o d i a l

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and .other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

and M a t e r i a l

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Mov e me nt

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

15

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
\ecessary records and file?
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers1 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers* houses or places of business. May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons!
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V to and including 4 tons)
2
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆

U. S, GOVERNM
ENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1957

O— 444355




Occupational Wage Surveys

Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 17 major labor markets during late 1957 and early 1958. Bulletins, when available, may be
purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C., or from any of the regional sales offices shown.








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102