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Occupational Wage Survey

KANSAS C ITY , MISSOURI
DECEMBER 1956

Bulletin No. 1202-6

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI




DECEMBER 1956

B u lle tin N o . 1 2 0 2 -6
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
February 1957

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regu larly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fa ll to ea rly spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A prelim in a ry report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month follow ing the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the e a rlie r report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin summ arizing the results of a ll of the year*s surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.

Table s:




1.
2.

Establishments and w orkers within scope of su rvey_____
Index of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percent of increase fo r selected periods ___________

A:

Occupational earnings * A - 1: O ffice occu pations___________________________________
A - 2: P rofessio n a l and technical occu pation s_____________
A - 3: Maintenance and powerplant occu pation s___________
A -4: Custodial and m aterial movement occu pation s_____

B:

Establishment practices and supplementary wage
p ro vis io n s* B - l: Shift differen tial provisions ________________________
B-2: Minimum entrance rates fo r women office
w orkers ____________________________________________
B-3: Scheduled weekly hours _____________________________
B-4: Paid holidays _______________________________________
B-5: Paid va c a tio n s _______________________________________
B-6: Health, insurance, and pension p la n s ______________

Appendix:

Job descriptions _______________________________________

* NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations fo r most of these items are
available in the Kansas City area reports fo r October 1951,
and October 1952. The 1951 report also provides tabula­
tions of Christm as, year-end, profit-sh arin g, and other
types of nonproduction bonuses.
A d irectory indicating
date of study and the price of the report, as w ell as r e ­
ports fo r other m ajor areas, is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and sup­
plem entary wage practices in the Kansas City area are
also available fo r hotels (July 1955), power laundries and
dry cleaners (July 1955), and o ffice building service (June
1955). Union scales, indicative of prevailin g pay le ve ls,
are available fo r the follow ing trades or industries: Build­
ing construction, printing, loca l-tra n sit operating em ­
ployees, and m otortruck d rivers .

iii

1
3

2
3

o
o

Introduction _________________________________________________ ___ ___
Wage trends for selected occupational g ro u p s ____________________

m

The Community Wage Survey P ro g ra m

9

11
12
13
13
14
15
16




Occupational W age Survey - Kansas City, Mo.*
Introduction
The Kansas City area is one of several important industrial
centers in which the Department of Labor1s Bureau of Labor Statistics
has conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage bene­
fits on an areawide basis. In each area, data are obtained by personal
visits of Bureau field agents to representative establishments within
six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation (excluding
railroads), communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. M ajor
industry groups excluded from these studies, besides railroads, are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having few er than a prescribed number of w orkers are
omitted also because they furnish insufficient employment in the occu­
pations studied to warrant inclusion. 1 W herever possible, separate
tabulations are provided fo r each of the broad industry divisions.

to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) fo r which
straight-tim e salaries are paid; average weekly earnings fo r these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

These surveys a re conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying a ll establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, a ll establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estim ates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as r e ­
lating to a ll establishments in the industry grouping and area, except
for those below the minimum size studied.

Information is presented also (in the B -s e rie s tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they
relate to office and plant workers.
The term "o ffic e w orkers, " as
used in this bulletin, includes a ll office clerica l em ployees and ex ­
cludes adm inistrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
"Plant w orkers" include working forem en and all nonsupervisory w ork­
ers (including leadmen and train ees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Adm inistrative, executive, professional, and technical em ployees, and
force-account construction employees who a re utilized as a separate
work fo rce are excluded.
C afeteria w orkers and routemen are ex ­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant workers
in nonmanufacturing industries.

Occupational employment estim ates represent the total in a ll
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occu­
pational structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earnings
data.
Establishment P ractices and Supplementary Wage Provision s

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational cla s­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job (see appendix fo r listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) fo r the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerica l; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and m aterial movement.

Shift differential data (table B - l) are lim ited to manufacturing
industries.
This information is presented both in term s of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 2 presented in term s of total ^plant w orkers em ploy­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used or, if no amount applied to a m ajority, the cla s­
sification "oth er" was used.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e workers, i. e ., those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay fo r overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerica l occupations, reference is

Minimum entrance rates (table B -2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis.
Scheduled hours; paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statis­
tica lly on the basis that these are applicable to a ll plant or office

* This report was prepared in the Bureau's regional office in
Chicago, 111. , by Woodrow C. Linn, under the direction of George E.
Votava, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See table 1 fo r minim um -size establishment covered.




2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: ( l ) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late shifts.

( 1)

2
w orkers if a m ajority of such w orkers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices listed. 3 Because of rounding, sums of indi­
vidual items in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.
The summary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
ments, excluding inform al plans whereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the em ployer.
Separate estim ates are provided
according to em ployer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 w eek's pay.
Data are presented for a ll health, insurance, and pension
plans fo r which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's compensation and
social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com m er­
cial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or paid
directly by the em ployer out of current operating funds or from a fund
set aside for this purpose, Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented fo r a ll such plans to which the
em ployer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which

have enacted tem porary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,4 plans are included only if the em ployer ( l ) con­
tributes m ore than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law.
Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are lim ited to form al plans5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w orker's pay during absence from work
because of illn ess.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
( l ) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of w orkers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who re ceive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes re ferred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
em ployees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
M edical insurance re fe rs to plans providing for complete or partial
payments of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirem ent pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
w orker's life .

4 The tem porary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a form al plan if
3
Scheduled weekly hours for office w orkers (firs t section of established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
it
table B -3) are presented in term s of the proportion of women office
cound be expected by each em ployee. Such a plan need not be written,
w orkers employed in offices with the indicated weekly hours fo r women
but inform al sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
w o rk ers.
w ere excluded.
Table 1:

E stablishm ents and w o rk ers within scope of su rvey and num ber studied in K ansas City, M o.,1 by m ajo r industry division, D ecem ber 1956
M inim um

Industry division

in e stab lish ­
ments in scope
of study

Num ber of establishm ents
Within
scope of
study 2

W o rk e rs in establishm ents
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied

T o ta l3

O ff ic e

Plant

T o t a l3

— -------------------------------- ----------

51

765

184

176,800

33,400

112,600

103,280

M anufacturing _ ------- ------------ ------------ ---------------- ------- ------N o n m an u factu rin g_____________________________________________ — ----Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s ), communication,
and other public utilities 4 _______________________________________
W holesale trade ______________________ __ _______________________
R etail t r a d e ___ _____ _________________ _ ---------------------------------Finance, insurance, and re a l e s t a t e ___ _________________________
Services 4 __ ________________________________________________ ______

51
51

289
476

68
116

85,800
91,000

9, 000
24,400

64,700
47,900

55,730
47,550

51
51
51
51
51

59
122
148
65
82

24
22
30
18
22

23,800
16,200
31,500
10,600
8, 900

12,400
( 5)
( 5)
( 5)
( 5)

20,140
5, 200
12,800
5, 580
3, 830

A ll divisions ________________________

5, 200
(5)
( 5)
( 5)
( 5)

1 Kansas C ity M etropolitan A r e a (Johnson and Wyandotte Counties, K ansas, and Jackson and C la y Counties, M o .). The "w o rk e rs within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reason ably
accurate description of the size and com position of the la b o r force included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to se rv e as a b asis of com parison with other a re a employment indexes to
m easure employment trends or levels since ( l ) planning of wage surveys re q u ire s the use of establishm ent data com piled consid erably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are e x ­
cluded fro m the scope of the survey.
2 Includes a ll establishm ents with total employment at or above the m in im u m -size lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto re p a ir se rv ic e , and
m otion-picture theaters are con sidered as 1 establishm ent.
3 Includes executive, technical, profession al, and other w o rk ers excluded fro m the separate office and plant categories.
4 A ls o excludes taxicabs, and se rv ic e s incidental to w ater transportation.
5 This industry division is represen ted in estim ates fo r " a l l in du stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the Series A and B tables, although co verage was insufficient to justify separate presentation of data.
4 H otels; person al s e rv ic e s ; business s e rv ic e s ; automobile re p a ir shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and architectural s e rv ic e s .




3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerica l
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.

ings for individual occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an aggre­
gate for each occupational group.
Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates fo r a given year to the aggregate for the base period (survey
month, winter 1952-53) was computed and the result multiplied by the
base year index (100) to get the index for the given year.

For office c le ric a l workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-tim e salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-tim e hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay fo r overtim e and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the num erically important
jobs within each group. The office cle ric a l data are based on women in
the following 18 jobs: B ille rs , machine (billing machine); bookkeepingmachine operators, class A and B; Comptometer operators; c le rk s , file,
class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, payroll; key-punch operators;
office girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; switchboard opera­
tors; switchboard operator-receptionists; tabulating-machine operators;
transcribing-machine operators, general; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are based on women industrial nurses. Men
in the following 10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were
included in the plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians;
machinists; mechanics; mechanics, automotive; m illw rights; painters;
pipefitters; sheet-m etal workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled—
janitors, porters, and cleaners; laborers, m aterial handling; and
watchmen.

The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (l) general
salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and r e ­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion o f workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtim e, since they
are based on pay for straight-tim e hours.

A verage weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed fo r each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings w ere then multiplied by the average of October
1952 and Decem ber 1956 employment in the job.
These weighted earn­




T a b le 2:

Indexes fo r the period 1953 to 1956 fo r workers in 15 other
major labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1188, Wages and Related
Benefits, 17 Labor Markets, 1955-56.

In d e x o f s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s
i n K a n s a s C i t y , M o . , D e c e m b e r 19 56 a n d p e r c e n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
In d e x
( O c t o b e r 19 52 = 100)

I n d u s t r y a n d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p
D e c e m b e r 19 56

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n )
_
_
_ _
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ________________________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n )
U n s k i l l e d p la n t (m e n )
...
._ ......
M a n u fac t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n )
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ________________________
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ________________________
U n s k i l l e d p la n t (m e n )

123.
12 6.
12 4.
12 4.

6
6
8
3

P e rc e n t in c re a s e s fr o m —
O c t o b e r 1951
to
O c t o b e r 1 9 52

5.
10.
5.
3.

7
3
4
8

12 3 . 1

7. 6

12 2. 3
124. 8
126. 3

11. 1
5. 2
3. 3

O c t o b e r 1951
to
D e c e m b e r 1956

30. 7
39. 7
3 1 .4
28. 9

32 .
35.
31 .
30 .

4
9
3
4




A: Occupational Earnings
Ta b le A -l : O ffice O c c u p a tio n s
(A v e r a g e

s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
in K a n s a s C it y , M o . , b y in d u s t ry d iv is i o n , D e c e m b e r 1956)
A vbbaob

Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

Number
of
workers

and in d u s t r y d iv is i o n

Weeklyhours 1
(Standard)

N U M B E R OF WORKERS R E CE IVIN G STRA IGH T-TIM E W E E K L Y E AR N IN G S OF—
$
5 0 . 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

$
6 5 . 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
80 . 00

$
8 5 . 00

$
90. 00

$
9 5 . 00

S
$
100. 00 1 0 5 .0 0

$
$
*
n o . o o 1 1 5 . 00 1 2 0 . 00

5 0 .0 0

$
4 0 . 00
and

$
4 5 . 00

5 5 . 00

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5. 0 0

1 0 0. 00

10 5. 00 n o . o o

1 1 5 . 00 1 2 0 .0 0

13

Weekly
U n der
earnings1
(Standard) '
l o . 00

31

13

-

5
8

14
17

9
4

5

52
24
28
6

35
33
2

1

21
45
16

21
30

5

39
15

86
12
74
26

51

-

59
20

66

-

-

-

-

-

-

25
12
13
3

27
3

35
4

24
8

2
2
_

3
------- 3
_

_

_

_

_

1

16
4

13
13
_

_

31
14

5
5
_

_

24

5
2
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

25
15
10

16
3
13

37
3
34

9
4
5

8
6
2

6
3
3

24
17
7

3
_

1
1

_
_

1
1

-

59
22
37

3

-

-

-

3
2

14
8

7
3

6

6
4

1
1

3
3

_

1
1

4

-

-

_

and
over

M en
C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A __________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * _________________________________

466
l9 6
270
75

39. 5
40. 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B __________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * __________________________________

228
62

40. 0

8 8 . 50

4075~

9 1 . 50
8 6 . 00

-

-

8 2 . 50

-

-

-

-

-

1

40. 0
40. 0

70. 00
8 0 . 50

-

6 6 . 50
6 9 . 50

21
5
16

-

“

-

32
2
30
2

30
3

39. 5
40. 0

_

6
-

166
45

_
_

C l e r k s , o r d e r _____________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________

247

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

7 3 . 00

_

-

10

96
151

74. 00
7 2 . 00

_

-

25
14
11

3
3

-

2
8

C l e r k s , p a y r o ll __________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________

115
11

40. 0
40. 0

76. 00
12 . bo

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

21
21

16
16

7
6

26

-

O ffic e b o y s ________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________

233

40. 0
40. 0

4 7 . 00
4 8 . 50
4 6 . 50

_

113
36
77

58
8
50

30
20

10
8

10

2

4
1
3

8
1
7

10
5
5

-

39. 5

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ______________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * _________________________________

210
161

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0

7 6 . 50
7 4 . 50
8 3 .0 0

_

1
1

2
-

8
8

9
9

28
26

“

~

1

25
22
3

29
26
6

16
12
2

23
12
5

23
12
2

72
88
8

28
17

41
34
14

9
8

1
-

-

-

5

26
8
4

11

-

-

-

-

-

26
20

17
17

53
39

6

2
1

22
2

8
4

17
17

19
154

35

-

-

6

5

27
16

2
18

ro

i

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

33
18
4

12

22
18

23

30

15
8

21

7
1

9

6

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

1
-

1
-

.

_

_

-

-

-

12

“

■

"

■

■

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

"

"

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

9
1

1

_

_
_

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e ( b i l li n g m a c h in e )
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _______________

203
12t
41

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

5 8 . 50
$ 8 . 50
6 3 . 00

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________

152
101

39. 5
39. 5

6 6 . 00
64100

_

1
1

-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

582
102
480

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5

56. 00
6 0 . 00
5 5 . 50

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * ________________________

537
119
418
133

40.
40.
40.
40.

74.
80.
73.
81.

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * __________________________

1, 2 9 8
188
1, 1 1 0
268

40. 0

5 7 . 00

40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0

6 l . 00
5 6 . 50
6 1 . 50

-

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A __________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________

230

40. 0

6 0 . 50

_

156

4 0 .0

6b. oo

-

4

4

39

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B __________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * _________________________

963
113
850

39. 5
40. 0

4 7 . 50

16
-

339
27

287
80

16

312
7

257
27

207
36
171

S e e fo o tn o te at end o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c lu d in g




88

0
0
0
0

39. 5
40. 0

50
5b
00
50

49". SO
4 7 . 50
5 2 . 50

6
-

52
-

6

52

_

_

49

132
26
106

134
25
109

12 9
27
102

59
17
42

15
4
11

11
8
3

53
6
47
5

81
7
74
7

93
11
82
14

66
17

173
18
155
35

210

135
26

75
54

33

59
17

50
2
48
4

49
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

5
-

91
-

261

265

5

91
3

39
222
52

22
243
50

4

6

51

-

■

32

42
16

40
170
32

15

3
-

j

1
1

2
2

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

58
6
52
23

35
12
23
8

48
14
34
21

36
5
31
21

39
16
23
20

4
4
-

12
12
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

40
17
23

24

9
3
6

.

_

.

.

_

_

109
18

85
20
65
42

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

“

-

-

"

18
13

26
16

11
6

5

.

_

1

_

_

_

_

5

-

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

"

■

-

■

1
2
-

49
14

2
2

9

3
21
21

-

O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y ,
r a ilr o a d s ),

c o m m u n ic a t io n ,

an d o th e r p u b lic

u t ilit ie s

’

“

K a n s a s C it y , M o . , D e c e m b e r 1956
U . S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s

6
Ta b le A -l : O ffice O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in K a n s a s C it y , M o . , b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , D e c e m b e r 1956)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Avehaqe
Sex,

occupation,

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

and industry division

Weekly,
Weekly , Under
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) lo . 00

$
40. 00

$
45. 00

$
50. 00

$
55.00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120. 00

45. 00

50. 00

55.00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

26
11
15

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00 100.00 105. 00 110. 00 115.00 120. 00

and
over

W om en - Continued
24
6
18

9
2
7

47
20
27
7

25
— n
12
1

100
43
57
2

44
15
29
7

-

-

3
1

49
35
10

44
34
20

32
20
14

8
------ 5
6

_

_

_

"

-

-

C le rk s , o rd er _____________________________________________
M anufacturing ________
__ __ _ ________________
N on m an ufacturin g_________ __ ____ __ ________ _

508
1?3
335

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

57. 00
54. 00
58. 00

4
4

103
41
62

74
44
30

28
2
26

89
28
61

119
37
82

C le rk s , payroll
M an u factu rin g___________________________________________
N on m an ufactu rin g______________________________________
Public utilities *

439
183
256
31

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0

64. 50
65.00
64. 00
60. 00

1
1
-

10
10
2

29
11
18
1

71
49
22
8

53
20
33
5

85
29
56
4

Com ptom eter o p e r a t o r s ___________________________________
M an u factu rin g__________________________ ____________ _
Nonmanufacturing
_ _
_
Public utilities * ____________________________________

694
1*53
501
36

39.
40.
39.
40.

5
0
5
0

62.
66.
61.
65.

50
50
00
00

-

36
36
-

42
11
31
-

109
22
87
3

125
18
107
9

114
28
86
10

Duplicating-m achine operators (m im eograph
or ditto)
N on m an u factu rin g______________________________________

85
79

40. 0
40. 0

53. 00
52. 50

-

15
14

13
13

28
27

9
7

17
17

448
353
108

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0

60. 50
60. 00
65. 00

.
-

11
11
"

38
32
1

71
59
12

117
“Too
31

76
56
14

219
191

40. 0
40. 0

46. 00
45. 50

114
106

52
52

31
15

12
10

10
8

_
-

11
11
-

21
14
7
-

102
-----FT
85
1

324
97
227
9

95
5
90
8

192
34
158
25

381
63
318
73

408
134
274
50

286
153
133
19

182
70
112
32

174
129
45
4

39
----1 5
7—
29
10

52
12
40
10

25
10
15
5

14
4
10
6

34
16
18
10

55
32
23

68
28
40

28
5
23

11
4
7

9
9

20
16

13
12

13
10

64
55

40
39

150
84"
66
94
22
72

Key-punch o p e r a t o r s ___ _____
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities * ________
O ffice g irls
Nonm anufacturing

_

_______

__

__ _ __

_

______

___

. _
__ _

_ __ ______

_

_____

0
6

-

-

_
-

S e c retaries
M an u factu rin g ___ __
_________ __
__ __ _______
N o n m an u factu rin g______________________________________
Public utilities * ____________________________________

1, 605
451
1, 154
143

39.
40.
39.
40.

5
O'
'
5
0

74.
74.
74.
86.

00
00
50
00

Stenographers, general
M anufacturing __ __ _______________________ _______
N on m an u factu rin g______________________________________
P ublic utilities * _ ____
__ __ _

1,932
" W
1, 266
222

39.
40.
39.
40.

5
0
5
0

63.
69.
59.
62.

00
00
50
00

-

99
3
96
-

Switchboard operators
M an u factu rin g___________________________________________
N o n m an u factu rin g________________________ ____ ___
Public utilities * ____________________________________

378
----- 73
304
43

41.0
40. 0
41. 0
40. 0

55.
65.
52.
66.

00
00
50
00

16
16
-

104
104
-

36
5
31
2

46
11
35

Switchboard op erator-recep tion ists
_ _____
M anufacturing _
N on m an u factu rin g______________________________________

381
146
235

40. 0
40. 0
39. 5

56. 50
55. 50
57. 00

28
28

83
44
39

89
30
59

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a t o r s __ _______________ _____
Nonm anufacturing _______
_______ _________ ____

104
86

39. 5
39. 5

70. 00
68. 50

.
.

-

4

-

-

4

T ran scribin g-m ach in e o p erato rs, g e n e r a l ____________
Nonm anufacturing ______________________ __ ________

220
197

39. 5
3$. 5

60. 50
61. 00

_

4
4

12
11

27
23

57
49

Typists, class A __ ________ __________________ _____ __
Manufacturing _ _ __ __ __ _ _ __ __ _ ________
Nonm am ifarturing

547
248
299

40. 0
40. 0
39. 5

66. 00
■ 6S: 50'
63. 50

_
-

9
9

48
48

59
------8
51

1, 333
419
914

39. 5
“ 4570
39. 5

51. 50
54. 00
50. 00

292
38
254

326
67
259

272
96
176

291
175
116

Typists, class B — ________________________________________
M anufacturing .......... _
_
----- _
N on m an u factu rin g______________________________________

2
2

_

_
_
-

1 S t a n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u l a r
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




9
------T ~

s t r a ig h t -t im e

s a la r ie s

53
— n ~
40
3

18
18
29
------- §—
24
-

2
2
20
15
5
-

10
10

12
-------* 8
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
1
15
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

136
— 39
87
27

104
20
84
43

47
11
36
4

13
7
6
3

7
2
5
3

9
1
8
5

8
1
7

2
2
-

35
32
3
-

6
------5
-

6
------5
-

_
-

2
2
-

_
-

-

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

13
1
12

5
1
4

8
4

14
14

-

12
12

4
4

112
—
51

91

61
22
39

5

25
8
17

32
12
20

1
1

64
33
31
5

232
138
" " 6 4 ~ ---- 51
168
87
3
7

an d the e a r n in g s

65

26

16
•11
5

28
11
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

260
189
---- S T - -----46
143
191
17
21
66
29
37
11

-

-

-

_

-

_
-

_

_

_

"

-

-

.
-

_
'

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

“

-

_
-

_
-

10
7

1
-

3
1

1
1
-

■

'

-

-

-

~

6
6

-

-

■

6
3
3

-

"

“

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
------ T ~
6

5

c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .

_
-

‘

_

_
-

7
Ta b le A -2 : Professional and Technical O ccupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in K a n s a s C it y , M o . , b y in d u s t ry d iv is i o n , D e c e m b e r 1956)
N U M B E R OF WORKERS R E C E IVIN G STRA IGH T-TIM E W E E K L Y EAR N IN G S OF—

A verage
Number
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$
Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

$

45. 00

50. 00

55. 00

$
60. 00

-

-

-

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

30. 00

Men

$

70. 00

75. 00

$
80. 00

-

$

-

-

-

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

$

65. 00
-

70. 00

$

$

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
95. 00 100. 00 105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00 120. 00 125. 00 130. 00
and
95. 00 100. 00 105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00 120. 00 125. 00 130. 00 over

$

85. 00

90. 00
-

*

D raftsm en, s e n i o r _______________ _________
__________
M an u factu rin g----------------------------------------------------------------

271
213

40. 0
40. 0

104.50
106. 00

_

D r a ft u m p n , ju n io r
M a n u fa c t u rin g

200
130

40. 0
40.0

79. 00
83. 00

7

91
73

40. 0
40. 0

81. 00
79. 50

_

..........
.......

_

_

.

1

2

"

"

■

4
4

9
4

14
11

42
34

23
12

31
25

2
1

10
1

11
3

30
16

15
11

23
21

12

37
27

26
22

12
4

3
5

4
4

14

13

12

12

14
9

10
10

3
2

16
12

9
4

5
5

38
30

44
43

_

_

_

8
8

10
10

5
2

_

_

_

12
12

_

40
30

15

Wom en
N u rs e s , industrial (re gistered ) ___________________________

1 S t a n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .




O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,

K a n s a s C it y , M o . , D e c e m b e r 1956
U . S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s

8
Ta ble A -3 :

M aintenance apd Pow erplant O ccu pa tions

( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
in K a n s a s C it y , M o . , b y in d u s t r y d iv is i o n , D e c e m b e r 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s t r y d iv is i o n

of
workers

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------

¥78

E n g i n e e r s , s t a t i o n a r y -------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------

273
124
149

F i r e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

$
2. 52
2. 55
2.43

316
233
83

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n c e •
M a n u f a c t u r in g --------- -------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------

hourly ,
earnings*

576

Under
$
1.50

$

1.50
and
under
1.60

7

-

2

$
2. 30

2.00

2. 30

2.40

-

_

_

_

6

-

-

-

-

-

6

17
li
6

6

14

10

234
175

2.13
2.23

6
-

H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------

528
327
201

1.98
2. 11
1. 76

6

42

M a c h i n is t s , m a in te n a n c e -------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------

478

2. 53
2. 56

_

_

6
-

-

_

-

-

46

42

21

48

-

14

3

22

16
"

15

3
3

26
26

14
14

63
5?

9
9

13
1
12

13
1
12

49

150

35

149

8
8

_

14

1

36
27
9

21
21

105

-

_
-

9
9

15
10

18
18

49
3b

2

_

10

92
26
66
60

93

-

16
1
15
15

71

-

4

_

.
_

-

2
-

-

2

_

8

2
2

16

i f ...

55
55

82
32

104
103
1

102
68
34

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

2

"

-

27
26
1

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

19

“

-

“

19

38
38

19
19

8
8

37
37

“

1
1

15
1§

5
2

-

-

"

O i l e r s —------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------

128

2.03

_

_

4

l2 ?

2 . 04

-

-

3

7
7

_

2.56

_

2753“

-

34?

2.58
2.59

-

S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------

93
93

2.53
2. 53

_
-

T o o l an d d ie m a k e r s -------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g — -----------------------------

293
293

2. 73
2. 73

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

170
—

_

_

_

_

_

■

-

-

1
1
_

_

_

_

-

“

“

_

_

_

_

_

"

■

-

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te s h if t s .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t il it ie s .

1

11

-

-

11

1

-

.

15

_

42

21

-

9

-

-

-

-

6

-

18

4

4

.

-

_

_

14'

4

■

-

1
1

2
2

66
37

21

58

27
13
14
14

12
12

160
129
31

235
222
13

5

'

4
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

_

11
11

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

186
183

20

30
10
20
20

-

-

4

.

4

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

l

_

14 "

1

4

-

52
21 "
31

-

l

-

■

10
10

11 1

80
80

11
11

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

-

-

1

■

■

-

-

36

25

22
14

9
7

6
6

8
1

-

15

1

-

15

1

_

1
1

8
8

_

8
8

_

23
23

“

"3 2

111

23

27
24

-

_

24

14

61

85

51

102

•

17

1?“

61

85

5l

m

2
2

7

-

2
2

10

■

' 10

7

_

_

_

3

_

16

39

-

-

■

-

3

-

16

W

'

_

3

20

”

32

3

20
15

3

32

17
17
-

26

"J 8

3

15
12

over

-

-

138

“

16

-

-

_

-

14

3. 10

38
37

16

-

2758"

--------- 3 ~

14

$
3. 10
and

48

148
146
2

_

103
?1

4
1
3

3.00

.

235
21
214
190

_

3

$

"

61
24

_

3.00

_

40"

...

2.90

5
1
4

-

_

271?“

-

87

56
51

2. 58




20
5
15

-

274

1
*

36

10

274

353

3

$

2. 80
2.90

32

-

M il lw r i g h t s --------M a n u fa c t u r in g

P i p e f i t t e r s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------

-

2.40
2.39
2.46

777

TT8

7

14

2.31

119

—

6

-

-

43

18

6

'

$

2. 70
2. 80

138

-

34

2. 70

99
92

2

139

$

,

2.60

93

"

42

$

2.60

21
7
14

-

4

2.50

51
43
8

18”

.

15

2

$

21
19
2

-

6

38
12
26

15

_

P a i n t e r s , m a in te n a n c e —
M a n u f a c t u r in g -------------

2. 50

44
27
15

36

_

2.40

107
103
4

6

24
7
17

$

19
16
3

5
1
4

-

-

—

$
2.20

2,20

_

-

846

$
2.10

2. 10

-

-

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n c e ----------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------

$
2.00

-

2.25

2.30
2.31

1.90

-

-

2. 59

—

$

2
-

_

646
156
490
403

1.90

7

_

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n c e )
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------P u b li c u t ilit ie s * ---------------------------

1.80

-

2.41

379—

1.80

$

-

-

—

1.70

1.70

-

2. 53
2. 55
2.42

98

$

$ ,
1.60

13
“

73

'

18
18

.

r

_
"

203
'" '

24

Z03

74

"

-

_

-

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y , K a n s a s C it y , M o . , D e c e m b e r 1956
U . S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s

9

Table A -4 :

Custodial and M aterial M ovem ent Occupation*

( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
in K a n s a s C it y , M o . , b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , D e c e m b e r 1956)

NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Num
ber
of

Occupation 1 and industry division

Average
hourly
earnings*

Under
f . 80

E levator operators, p assen ger ( m e n )__________

118

$
1. 02

9

0. 80
and

$

“n1for

14

0. 90
1. 00

60
40
40

$

1. 00
1. 10

$

1. 10
1. 20

$

1. 20

$

1. 30

1. 30

1. 40

$

1. 40

$
1. 50

$
1. 60

1. 50

1.60

1. 70

13

4

17
17

76
76

33
33

35
31

17
17

9
7

5

$

1. 70
1. 80

$

$
1. 80

1.90

1.90

2. 00

7

2.00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

2. 10

$

2. 20

2. 30

$

2. 40

2. 40
and
over

3

E levator op erators, p assen ger (w o m e n ) _______
M anufacturing
_ _ __
_

227
221

1.08
1. 08

_

-

-

“

-

-

“

-

Guards
Manufacturing

812
46$

1. 73
2. 09

_

_

_

209
"

10

15
-

24
12

2
■

24
23

36
9

28
4

48
11

13
6

113
113

72
72

207
“ 207

363
223
140
75

272
186
86
12

395
322
73
62

281
277
4
-

22
21
1

87
87
-

.
-

.
_
-

1

-

7
4
3
-

-

-

15
3
12
11

13
5
8
8

16
16
-

5
5
-

_
-

2
2
-

_
_

_
-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

__

__

_

Janitors, p o rte rs, and c lean ers (men) __ _
M anufacturing
. .
Nonm anufacturing . . .
_ _____
Pnhlir utilities * _ _
. ..

3,399
1,528
1, 871
294

1.
1.
1.
1.

47
71
27
62

91
91
-

145
145
“

179
179
-

196
31
165
-

297
86
209
8

237
57
180
9

167
58
109
8

438
78
360
17

222
96
126
102

467
51
410
52

1.
1.
1.
1.

17
58
11
49

28
28
“

5
5
"

_
-

222
2
220
"

42
8
34
3

77
6
71

22
22
20

18
10
8
8

2
2
2

L a b o r e r s , m aterial handling
_____
_____ ____
3,903
M an u factu rin g___________________________________ “ 17747
N o n m an u factu rin g______________________________
2, 156
Public utilities * ____________________________
759

1.
1.
1.
2.

82
88
76
05

16
16
-

12
12

14
14
-

168
24
144

61
26
35
-

210
210
5

53
45
8
-

40
16
24
-

181
142
39
3

1,366
362
1,004

1. 82
1. 88
1. 82

_
-

_
"

_
"

19
6
13

25
18
7

48
1
47

1, 142
240
902

1. 69
1.98
1. 62

_
-

.
-

.

-

-

216
14
202

51
14
37

19
14
5

22
8
14

52
35
17

48
12
36

12

21
12

Janitors, p o rte rs, and clean ers (w o m e n )______
M anufacturing
__ _ _ _
_ _ _
___
Nonm anufacturing
_ _ _
_
__ _
P ublic utilities * ____________________________

O rd e r fille r s ____ __
M anufacturing __
Nonm anufacturing

_ __ __
_ ------_____

_

__ —
_
_

P a c k e rs , shipping (men)
__ _ _
M anufacturing
_____ __ __ _
Nonm anufacturing __ ______
__

_

_____

_
__

__

P a c k e rs, shipping (women)
_ _
_ _ ____
____ ___ ___
M anufacturing
__ _ _ __
N on m an u factu rin g______________________________

—

391
m ~
220

1. 39
1. 55
1. 27

-

»
-

_

_
-

-

"

7

132
40
92

_
-

_
"

_
”

6
6
“

15

_

6

9

■

_

_
-

_

_

13

-

-

18

7

273
12$
145

1. 91
1.98
1. 84

Shipping c lerk s
_
__
_
___ _
M an u factu rin g___________________________________
N on m an ufacturin g-------------------------------------------

266
167
99

1. 98
1. 98
1.97

_

_

-

-

-

~

■

“

Shipping and receivin g c lerk s
___
__
M anufacturing _ '
_
_____
Nonmanufacturing
__
__
__ _

414
225
189

1.99
" X 'O T
1.97

_

_

-

-

.
-

_ _ _
___

—

•

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le .
*

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s .




33
65
127
------ 7—
— ~W ~
r~
24
58
80

“
_
-

Receiving c le rk s
_____
__ _ __ ----Manufacturing —
__
_
___
Nonm anufacturing
_
__ _
_

—

12
-

'

_
-

_

-

-

37
37

11
11

5

9

7
1
6

13
13

200
— 57—
143
-

816
414
— T f i ~ “ 335—
242
381
61
66

400
181
219
135

33
33

141
------17
124

6b
66

54
54

10
------- 8
2

5
-

15
15

7
7

!
1

15
15

13
13

25

l
-

_
“

49
22
27

------ 25

1

22
16
6

34
----- 51
3

28
4
24

64
----- 20---44

5

4
4

24
21
3

285
“ 132—
153

494
“ 303—
191
109

771
314
457
380

31
— T—
O
21
-

-

“

6
------- £—

5
5

10
10'
_

12
------T T ~
_
-

-

18
rs
-

_
_
-

128
19
109

313
“ “ 51----262

102
30
72

68
42
26

400
T7
333

146
§1----115

11
11

.
-

26
----- Z5— |
-

16
16
-

19
12
7

44
31
13

24
21
3

1
-

20
20

_
-

_
-

-

-

27
8

73
27
46

39
24
15

32

62
17

48
17
29

88
62
26

53
48
5

31
6

------ F9—

7

1

3 5 ------

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,

29
------ ?----22

27
If

-

—

2
------- i---1

15
------9 ------ ------- 5
5—
6

15
15

■

12

It

■

66
28
38

3
------ 3
—

14
------7----7

K a n s a s C it y , M o . , D e c e m b e r 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s

10
Table A -4 :

Custodial and M aterial M ovem ent O ccupations - Continued

(A v e ra g e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a b asis
in Kansas City, Mo. , by industry division, D ecem ber 1956)
N U M B E R OF W ORKEBS R E C EIV IN G STR AIG HT-TIM E H O UR LY E A R NIN G S OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n 1 a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Average
hourly _
le n d e r
earnings *
0 . 80

T ru c k d riv e rs 3

___

M a n u fa c tu rin g

_

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *

T ru c k d riv e rs ,

_

__

_

_

_

__

2, 166
533
1 ,6 3 3
758

_
..... ..........

lig h t (u n d e r l 1 to n s)
/?

M a n u fa c tu rin g

__

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

T ru c k d riv e rs ,

_

__

_

___
_

_

m e d iu m (lV z

in c lu d in g 4 to n s )

„

275
94
181

_

to
_

M a n u fa c tu rin g
__ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *

$
2. 04
2. 0 7
2 . 03
2 . 16

1 .7 8
1. 76

0 . 80
and
under
.9 0

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

1. 30

1. 40

1. 50

1 .6 0

1. 70

1. 80

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

1 .2 0

1. 30

1. 40

1. 50

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

1 .9 0

2 . 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. ™

2. 40

over

39 6
93

731

and
1 .0 0

1 .1 0

18

117
-

18

-

6

16

31
10

18

11 7

12

-

-

-

-

"

14
8

21
2

_

_

7
-

7
6

6
-

19
-

-

36
18
18

7

1

6

36

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1. 79

$

1. 20

-

-

30

54

228

49
5
4

59
169
13

77
2
75

17
17

19

34
31
3

12
10
2
2

19
17
2
1

81
81
8

9
5
4
4

52
22
30
8

-

139
592
440

30 3
117

50
9—
41

—

14
n
3

35 9
8
351
16 5

26
26
-

88
87—
1

"

1

8
-

_

_

-

-

8

-

45
4
41
17

26
26
-

and
__
_

_

_

962
27 1

„

2. 0 4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

55
-

11
-

8
-

55

11

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

8
8

711
614

2. 11
2. 12

784
619

2. 0 4

-

2705“

"

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( o t h e r t h a n f o r k l i f t ) _____________
M a n u fa c tu rin g _ _ _ _ _ _
__ _________ ___
___

17 3
167

1. 86
2. 0 6

_

_

W atch m en
___
__
M a n u fa c tu rin g _

_

396

_

249
14 7

1. 50
1. 6 6
1. 2 2

_
_ .

p o w e r (fo r k lift )

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________________

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

346
84
262
114

3 24
99
225
225

—

26
5—
-

-

-

______ __
__
_ ___
__

__

____
_
____

_

___
_

__

_

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

-

1

44

4

-

261

297

-

33

-

-

-

-

-

55
55

-

-

“

-

-

-

5

4

-

253

“ 29 6

-

1

_

_

-

-

_

11

20

-

■

*

■

"

24
16

5
3

24

“

24

62
41

99
69

99
66

397
3 57

7
7

29
29

7
7

_

-

_

_

.

36

22

4

_

■

■

"

“

~

5
5

26
26

38
38

1

11
11

_

■

16
12

!

"

"

14
14

62
28
34

60
23
37

23
14

16

10
-

6

15
15

11

23

11

23

27
27

10

4

36
32
4

63

9

7
-

11
-

1
-

7

11

1

Data lim ited to men w o rk e rs except w here otherwise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and for w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Includes a ll d riv e rs re g a rd le s s of size and type of truck operated.
T ransportation (excluding r a ilro a d s ), communication, and other public utilities.




$

1. 10

h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s,

t r a i l e r t y p e ) ____
___
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

1
2
3
*

%

$
1. 0 0

-

2. 13
2 .0 0
2. 11

T ru c k e rs,

0 .9 0

-

69 1
379

T ru c k d riv e rs ,

$

$

$

n

39
24

14
—

—
6

1
---------- 1

10

6

10

B: Establ ishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

T a b le

B -l:

S h ift

D if f e r e n t ia l

11

P ro v is io n s 1

P ercent of manufacturing plant w orkers—
(a )
In e sta b lis h m e n ts h av in g
f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

Second shift
w ork

___

_

_ ....

_ _ .

U n ifo r m cents (p e r h o u r)
U n d e r 5 cents
_ ._
5 cents
6 c e n t s ________________________________________________________
6 V cents
4
7 cents ________________________________________________________
7 y2 c e n t s _____________________________________________________
8 cents
_
..
_ ..
9 cents ________________________________________________________
9 V2 cents ___________________________________________________
1 0 cents
1 1 cents
_
_
_____
1 2 cents
O v e r 12 and u nd er 15 cents
___ _ ___________________
15 c e n t s ________ ___________________________________________
O v e r 15 cents
__________________________________________ _

Second shift

72. 1

1.11

4. 0

81.7

7 1 .4

10.9

3 .9

4 7 .2

10

82. 5

_

.7
13.2
10.2

-

1.2

-

2. 3
3 .2
4 .2
3 .4
3.7
6 .4
.9
4. 3
3 .2
.7

.9
.9
8 . 8
3.7
2 0.9
.8
4 .3
.9

.

1

3 .9

_

.3

-

1.8
1. 8

.

8

.2

.4
.7
.4
.4
.7
.2
1. 1

t
1

.3
.2

1.6

.
.
.

1
3

5 p e rc e n t
___________ ______________________________________
7 y2 p e r c e n t __________________________________________________
1 0 p e rc e n t ___________________________________________________
F u ll day's pay fo r re d u c e d h o u rs _ ________________________
O t h e r 2 ____________________________________________________________
____________________

1.8

3. 3

.7
. 1
.4

2 1.7

U n ifo r m p e rc e n ta g e

N o shift p ay d iffe r e n tia l ___________________

T h ir d o r oth er
shift

T h ir d o r oth er
shift w o rk

59.6

T o ta l ________________________________________________________________

W ith shift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l

(b )
A c t u a lly w o rk in g on—

21. 7

.8

•1

. 1
.8
-

.

.5
.0

-

-

-

-

.8

.2

t

13. 3
6 .4
2 . 0
.5
.8

2.6

_
2. 5
19. 2

2

1

-

.4

1

1 Shift differential data are presented in term s of (a) establishm ent policy, and (b) w orkers actually em ployed on late
shifts at the tim e of the survey. An establishm ent was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following con­
ditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the tim e of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late shifts.
2 Includes such provisions as full pay for reduced hours, plus cents or percentage differential,
f L ess than 0. 05 percent.
Occupational Wage Survey, Kansas City, Mo. , D ecem ber 1956
U .S . DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




12

Table B-2*.

Minimum Entrance Rates for W om e n Office W o rk e rs 1

N u m b e r oi e sta b lish m e n ts w ith s p e c ifie d m in im u m h irin g ra te in—
N o n m an u factu rin g

M an u factu rin g
M in im u m ra te (w e e k ly s a la r y )

A ll
sch ed u les

E s ta b lish m e n ts s t u d ie d ____

_____

_ _ _ _ _

__

--------

184

M anufac tur ing

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h ou rs 2 o f-

A ll
in d u strie s

68

N u m b e r of e sta b lish m e n ts w ith sp e c ifie d m in im u m h irin g ra te in—

A ll
sch ed u les

40

XXX

116

37V2

XXX

A ll
in d u strie s
A ll
sch ed u les

40

XXX

184

U nder
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 . 00
$ 5 2 . 50

$55.

00
$ 5 7 . 50

$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 . 50
$65. 0 0

$ 4 0 .0 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

_

_____

___

__

___________________________

___________

under $ 4 2 . 5 0 ______________________________________________
under $ 4 5 . 0 0 _______________ ___________ ___ ________
under $ 4 7 . 5 0 __ _ ----------- _ ___________ _________
under $ 5 0 . 0 0 ______________________________________________
under $ 5 2 . 5 0 .......................... ............................... ..........
under $ 5 5 . 0 0 ______________________________________________
under $ 5 7 . 5 0 ______________________________________________
under $ 6 0 . 0 0 ______________________________________________
under $ 6 2 . 5 0 ____________________ __ _________ ____
under $ 6 5 . 0 0 ______________________________________________
o v e r _________ ______
__ _
_ ________ _______

E s ta b lish m e n ts having no sp e c ifie d m in im u m

_______ ___

E s ta b lish m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s in
this c a te g o ry
__ __________________________________________
D ata not a v a i l a b l e __

1
2
3

______________________

___________

___

92-

30

30

62

4

2
27

_

-

2

-

5

5

22

1
2

12

5

5

7

16

3

3

13

12

5
4
1

5
4
1

7

-

5
1
2
1
1

1

1

9
2
2
4
2
3
1

-

-

3

3

1

1
2

2

1

68

A ll
sch ed u les

40

XXX

116

37

l!z

XX X

XXX

49

1

95

28

28

67

5

-

-

5

4

55

-

4

17

38

5

5

33

6

8

4

4

4

-

4

9
6

13

9
6

3

10

5

5
5
5

1

27

4
1
2

9
3

4
4
4
2

4
4
4
2

1

-

-

1

-

2
2

1

1

1

-

-

1
1

1

-

1

1

2

1
2

1

-

2

-

1

1

“

-

1

XXX

26

XXX

XXX

-

1

-

-

~

2

XXX

22

XXX

XXX

43

17

1

-

1
1
1

1

32

—
—

10

57

26

XXX

31

XXX

XXX

43

21

XXX

22

XXX

XXX

3

2

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

3

2

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced w orkers for typing or other c le ric a l jobs.
Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regu lar straight-tim e sa la rie s. Data are presented for a ll workweeks combined, and for the most common workweek
Rates applicable to m essen gers, office g irls , or sim ilar subclerical jobs are not considered.




40

For Other Inexperienced Clerical Workers3

For Inexperienced Typists

E sta b lish m e n ts h aving a s p e c ifie d m in im u m _________________

N on m an uf ac tur ing

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h ou rs 2 of-

reported.

Occupational Wage Survey, Kansas City, Mo. , D ecem ber 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Bureau of L a b o r Statistics

13

Table B-3:

Scheduled W e e k ly Hours

P E R C E N l O F O FF IC E W O R K E R S *E M P L O Y E D I N —

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —

W e e k ly h o u rs
All industries2

Manufacturing

__

100

100

100

U n d e r 37V?, h o u rs
.. . _
37 Vz h o u rs
O v e r 37 Vg and u n d er 40 h o u rs
40 h o u rs ______________________________________________
O v e r 40 and u n d er 44 h o u rs _ __________________
44 h o u r s _____________________________________ _______
O v e r 44 and u n d er 48 h o u rs
48 h o u rs
O v e r 48 h o u rs _____________________________________

3
7
3
84

t
t
95
t

-

A l l w o r k e r s _________

__ _____

__

_________

Public utilities

*

i
!
!

t
t
t
t

■
i
1
j
1

100
-

t

-

t

-

Manufacturing

100

i
;

All industries3

100

t
t
t
80
5
3
3
t
3

4
4

_

_

_

81
6

Public utilities *

100

90
3

_

_

t

6
t

5

i
1
2
3
"f
*

D ata re la te to w om en w o r k e r s only.
In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l e state; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
Inclu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 2 .5 p e rc e n t.
T ra n s p o rta tio n (ex c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ), com m un ication , and other p u b lic u tilitie s .

Table B-4:

Paid Holidays1
P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

P E R C E N T O F O FF IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N -

Item
All industries

A l l w o r k e r s _____

_________________

________________

100

2

-----------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

j

100

Public utilities

100

*

All industries

!
i

3

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

98

100

*

100

i

!
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
p aid h o l i d a y s __________ ___________________________
L e s s than 5 h o l i d a y s __________ ________________
5 h o lid ay s _________________________________________
6 h o lid ay s _________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day ___________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf day s ____________________
7 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s ____________________
8 h o lid a y s
_ _________________ _
9 h o l i d a y s ________
_________ __________________
1 0 h o lid a y s ______
„ _____ _________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o l i d a y s ------------ ---------- ------------------- _

1 00

99

t
t
45

t
4

i
!

i

27

t

t
t

-

32
4

19

13
37

50

1
!

3

t

3

5

-

47

32

33

t

t

10

17

“

24

29

48

-

3

-

-

"

25

8

12

13

t

-

5

t
t

t

t

i

-

10

17

t

99

t

-

t

~

“

6

i

1
2
3
■
f
*

E s tim a te s re la te to h o lid a y s p ro v id e d an n u ally.
In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin an ce, in s u ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s shown se p a ra te ly .
In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il t ra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 2. 5 p e rc e n t.
T ra n s p o rta tio n (ex c lu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), com m un ication , and other p u b lic u tilitie s .




O ccu p ation al W a g e S u rv ey , K a n s a s C ity , M o . , D e c e m b e r 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u of L a b o r S tatistics

14

Table B-5:

Paid Vacations

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

V a catio n p o lic y
All industries *

Public utilities *

Manufacturing

All industries 2

Manufacturing

1
|
!

.
Public utilities ^

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a t io n s _______________________________________

99

100

100

99

100

100

L e n g t h -o f-t im e paym ent _______________________
P e rc e n ta g e p a y m e n t _____________________________
O th er ___ _______________________________________ _

99
t
-

99
t
-

99
t
~

94
6

91
9

98

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________________

M ETHOD OF P A Y M E N T

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g no
paid v acation s __________________ _________ _ ____

t

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y
A N D S E R V IC E P E R IO D 3

'

100
36
100

100
69
100

99
13
99

100
6
100

100
61
100

100
t
75
85
96
100

98

-

97

70
87
95
98

19
38
63
97

100
17
24
50
100

100
48
73
87
100

89

65
4
12
65
65
65

74
4
13
72
74
74

99
10
99
99
99

20
-

20
-

26
-

20

19
26

1 w e e k o r m o re _________________________________ ___
6 m onths
____ ___________________________________
1 y e a r __ _________ ___ ___________ _______________

99
39
99

2 w e e k s o r m o re _ _________ _________ ____ ____
6 m onths
_________ _____ ______________________
1 y e a r _ __________________ ___________________ _
_
2 y e a r s _________________ _________ ________ ____
3 y e a r s _______________________________ _
_ __ ----5 y e a r s -----------------------------------------------------------------

99
t
64
89
96
99

3 w e e k s o r m o re
____ ________
__ _ _
3 y ears
_
5 y e a r s _____
______________ ___________ ____
____ ________________________________ _
10 y e a r s
15 y e a r s
20 y e a r s ___________ ________________ _____ ____
25 y e a r s
_______________________________ ________

78
t
6
23
72
75
78

83
3
22
82
83
83

4 w e e k s o r m o re _ _
_ __
_______________________
10 y e a r s _______ _________________________ ______
15 y e a r s ___________________________________________
20 y e a r s ____________ ____ ___ ____________________

29

22

Y

|

7
29

-

!
15
89
89
89

-

t
t

22

1

24

-

16
24

t
1

20

-

-

---------------------

1

See footnotes at end of table.
* Transportation (excluding railro a d s), communication, and other public utilities.




"

1
|

|

1

t
“

t

[
l
i

I

*

Occupational Wage Survey, Kansas City, Mo. , Decem ber 1956
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Bureau of Labor Statistics

NO T E :

In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of tim e,"
such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, were converted to an equivalent time
b asis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.

15
Table B-5:

Paid Vacations - Continued

P E R C E N T OF O FF IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N -

Vacation policy

All industries 1

M anufacturing

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Public utilities *

!

All industries 2

M anufacturing

Public utilities *

P R E D O M IN A N T P R A C T IC E S A F T E R
S E L E C T E D Y EAR S OF SER VICE
After 1 year:

1 week ----- ------------------------------2 w e e k s ______ __ _______________

XXX

XXX

75

XXX

XXX

XXX

|

88

78

79

49

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

70

A fter 2 years: 1 week ___________ _______________
2 weeks _________________________

I

XXX

64

56

66

XXX

XXX

XXX

73

85

87

96
96
71

95
94
79

63
89
75

50
91
70

87
94
84

65
63
45

72
74
53

99
80
73

A fter 3 years: 2 w e e k s ______ ___________________
A fter 5 years: 2 weeks _________________________
After 10years: 2 w e e k s ___ ____________________

95
89
70

A fter I 5 years: 3 weeks ___________________________
A fter 20years: 3 weeks ___________________________
A fter 25 years: 3 weeks ___________________________

70
68

82
83

89
73

48

61

66

_______________________________________ i. , ■...

...... ...... -

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and rea l estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, re a l estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 P eriods of service w ere a rb itra rily chosen and do not n ecessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
F o r example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years* service in­
clude changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 ye a rs. Estim ates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion receiving 3 weeks* or more pay after 5 ye a rs includes those who receive 3 weeks* or
m ore pay after few er ye a rs of service.
t L e ss than 2. 5 percent.
* Transportation (excluding railro a d s), communication, and other public utilities.
1

Table B-6:

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

P E R C E N T OF O FF IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —

Type o f plan
All industries

A l l w o r k e r s _______

___________

_____

_________

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g :
L ife in su ra n c e
___
_ __ ___ ___ ___
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in su ra n c e _______________ ______ _______ _
_
_
S ick n ess and a ccid en t in su ra n c e
o r sic k le a v e o r b o t h 4
_ __
S ick n ess and a ccid en t i n s u r a n c e ________
Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p e r io d )
_
_ __ __ __
Sick le a v e (p a r t ia l pay or
w aitin g p e r io d ) __ ____________ ____
H o sp ita liza tio n in su ra n c e
S u rg ic a l in su ra n c e _
__ __________
_
_
M e d ic a l in s u ra n c e __ __________ _____ —
C a tastro p h e in su ra n c e
__________________ _
R e tire m e n t p e n s i o n ______________________________
No health, in s u ra n c e , o r p en sio n p l a n ______

3

Manufacturing

100

100

Public utilities

*

All industries 2

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

*

ioo

97

84

83

95

56

57

3

65

50

54

3 55

79
51

84
74

3

95
53

77
65

81
74

3

91

1

92

92
60

45

I

52

25

15

9

19

15
75
75
58

‘

58
69
69
48
39
84

14
72
72
53

13
83
81

74

9
90
89
71
13
76

63

51
60
60
51
38
91

4

4

3

10

5

20

1
!

i
i

62

1
3
5
9
9

6

Includes data for w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Includes data for w holesale trade, retail trade, rea l estate, and se rv ic e s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Estimates a re not com parable tori'th those published in the previous (O ctober 1952) bulletin since the decline in benefits shown does not reflect a decline in area practice but results from
a revised interpretation of benefits of a m ajor firm in the a rea.
4 Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
Sick-leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days* pay that can be expected by each employee.
Inform al sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis a re excluded.
* Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), communication, and other public utilities.
1

2

3




Occupational Wage Survey, Kansas City, M o ., Decem ber 1956
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R
Bureau of Labor Statistics

16
Appendix: Job Descriptions.
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations w orkers who are employed under
a va riety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
in terarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau*s job descriptions may d iffer sign ifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau*s field representatives are instructed to exclude w ork­
ing supervisors, apprentices, lea rn ers, beginners, trainees, handicapped w orkers, part-tim e,
tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

Office

B IL L E R , MACHINE

BO O KKEEPING -M ACHINE O PERATO R - Continued

P rep a res statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or p erform other cle ric a l work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, b ille rs ,
machine, are cla ssified by type o f machine, as follows:

Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fa m ilia rity with
the structure o f the particular accounting system used.
D eter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.

B ille r , machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, E lliott F ish er, Burroughs, etc. , which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers* purchase ord ers, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predeterm ined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies o f the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.

Class B - Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under b iller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B ille r, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E lliott Fisn er, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
G enerally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of ve rtic a l columns and computes and usually prints auto­
m atically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge o f bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BO O KKEEPING -M ACHINE O PER ATO R
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E lliott
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash R egister, with or with­
out a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or m ore sections of a com ­
plete set o f books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
m e n ts business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c ­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, perform s one or m ore routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the m ore routine accounting w ork is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several w orkers.

1
7

CLERK,

F IL E

Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filin g
system. C lassifies and indexes correspondence or other m aterial;
may also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filin g and locating
m aterial in the file s .
May perform incidental c le ric a l duties.
Class B - P erfo rm s routine filin g, usually of m aterial that
has already oeen classified, or locates or assists in locating m a ­
teria l in the file s .
May perform incidental c le rica l duties.
CLERK,

ORDER

Receives cu stom ers’ orders for m aterial or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
follow ing: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled .
May check with credit department to d e te r­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled , keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
o rd e rs .
CLERK,

K E Y -PU N C H O PER ATO R
Under general supervision and with no su pervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a num erical key-^punch machine, follow ing
written inform ation on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May v e r ify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR G IRL
P erfo rm s various routine duties such as running errands,
operating m inor office machines such as sealers or m a ilers, opening
and distributing m ail, and other minor c le ric a l work.
SEC R E TA R Y
P erfo rm s sec reta ria l and c le ric a l duties fo r a superior in an
adm inistrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments fo r superior; receivin g people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential m ail, and w riting routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

PAYR O LL
STENOGRAPHER, G E N E R A L

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w ork ers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and d is ­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

P rim a ry duty is to take dictation from one or m ore persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
w riter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep sim ple records, etc.
Does not include transcribing-m achine work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

CO M PTO M ETER O PERATO R

STENOGRAPHER,

P rim a ry duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
perform ance of other duties.

P rim a ry duty is to take dictation from one or m ore persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typew riter. May also type from w ritten copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-m achine work.

TE C H N IC A L

D U PLIC ATING -M AC H IN E O PERATO R (MIMEOGRAPH OR D ITTO )
SWITCHBOARD O PER ATO R
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto m aster. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters.
May sort, collate, and staple com ­
pleted m aterial.




Operates a sin gle- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages.
May give in fo r­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For w orkers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

18
TRANSCRIBING-M ACHINE O PER ATO R, G EN ERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD O PE R A TO R -R E C E PTIO N IS T
tion
type
This
tim e

In addition to perform ing duties of operator, on a single p osi­
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and . may also
or perform routine c le rica l work as part of regular duties.
typing-or cle ric a l work may take the m ajor part of this w orker's
while at switchboard.

TA B U LA TIN G -M A C H IN E OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on form s or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple w iring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. M ay, in addition,
operate au xiliary machines.

included. A w orker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or sim ilar machine is cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
T Y P IS T
Uses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do c le ric a l work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple record s, filing records and reports, or sorting and d is­
tributing incoming m ail.
Class A - P erfo rm s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing
m aterial in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or co rrected copy in which there is a frequent
and va ried use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining m aterial from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
form ity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form .
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING -M ACH INE O PE R ATO R , G EN ERAL
P rim a ry duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple cle ric a l work. W orkers tran­
scribing dictation involving a va ried technical or specialized vocabu­
la ry such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

P r o f e s s i ona1

D RAFTSM AN , JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May p r e ­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or p erform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
D RAFTSM AN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or m ore draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or p r e ­
lim inary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the follow in g: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
perform ing m ore difficult problem s. May assist subordinates during




Class B - P erfo rm s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing
from rela tively clea r or typed drafts; routine typing of form s,
insurance p olicies, e tc .; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying m ore complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

a nd

Technical

D RAFTSM AN, LEADER - Continued
em ergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or adm inistrative nature.
D RAFTSM AN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the follow ing:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of m aterials, beams and
trusses; verifyin g completed work, checking dimensions, m aterials
to be used, and quantities; w riting specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, e le c tric a l, mechanical, or structural drafting.

1
9

NURSE, IN D U STR IAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, IN D U STR IAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the prem ises o f a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the follow ing: Giving firs t aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carrying out program s
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities
safety of all personnel.

M a in t e n a n c e

affecting the health, w elfa re, and

TRAC ER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-squ are, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple letterin g.

nd

Powerplant

C A R PE N TE R , M AIN TEN AN CE

ENGINEER, S TA TIO N AR Y

P e rfo rm s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, flo ors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. W ork involves most of
the follow ing: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, m odels, or verbal instructions; using a va riety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting m aterials necessary for the work. In general, the w ork of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent train ­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or e le c tric a l) to sup­
ply the establishment in which em ployed with power, heat, r e fr ig e r a ­
tion, or a ir conditioning.
W ork involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, m o­
tors, turbines, ventilating and re frig era tin g equipment, steam boilers
and b o ile r-fe d water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record o f operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers
in establishments employing m ore than one engineer are excluded^

E LE C TR IC IA N , M AIN TEN AN CE
P erfo rm s a va riety of elec trica l trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair o f equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization o f e le c tric energy in an establishment.
W ork involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of
a va riety of elec trica l equipment such as generators, tran sform ers,
switchboards, con trollers, circu it breakers, m otors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transm ission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the elec trica l system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirem ents o f w iring or elec trica l
equipment; using a va riety of e le c tric ia n ^ handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work o f the maintenance
electrician requ ires rounded training and experience usually a c­
quired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREM A N , S TA TIO N A R Y BOILER
F ir e s stationary b o ilers to furnish the establishment in which
em ployed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fir e by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety va lves.
May clean, o il, or assist in repairin g b o ile rroom equipment.
H E LPE R , TRADES, M A IN TE N AN C E
A ssists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by perform ing specific or general duties o f le s s e r skill, such
as keeping a w orker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning w ork­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting w orker by holding m a­
teria ls or tools; perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by jo u r­
neyman. The kind o f w ork the helper is perm itted to p erfo rm va ries
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, liftin g, and holding m aterials and tools, and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is perm itted to p erfo rm specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also p erform ed by w orkers
on a fu ll-tim e basis.

20

MACHINE-TOOL, O PE R ATO R , TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, M AIN TEN AN CE

Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine
tools, such as jig b o rers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or m illing machines in the construction o f machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and perform ing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a va riety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making n ecessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils .
For
cross-indu stry wage study purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom ,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
W ork involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for m ajor repairs; preparing written
specifications for m ajor repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassem bling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are w orkers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

M ACHINIST, M A IN TE N AN C E
M ILLW R IG H T
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
W ork involves most o f the following: Interpreting w ritten instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a v a ­
rie ty o f m achinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping o f metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations r e la t­
ing to dimensions o f work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining;
knowledge o f the working properties of the common m etals; selecting
standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assem bling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
m achinist’ s w ork norm ally requ ires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant la y ­
out are requ ired. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a va rie ty of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com ­
putations relating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transm ission equipment such as drives and speed r e ­
ducers. In general, the m illw rig h t’ s w ork norm ally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al appren­
ticeship o r equivalent training and experience.
O ILER

MECHANIC, A U TO M O TIV E (M A IN TE N A N C E )
Repairs automobiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tra ctors of
an establishment.
W ork involves most of the follow in g; Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; ^disassembling
equipment and perform ing rep a irs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, d rills , or specialized equipment in d is­
assem bling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting va lves; reassem bling and installing the
various assem blies in the vehicle and making n ecessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the w ork o f the automotive mechanic requ ires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lu bricates, with o il or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
P A IN T E R , M AIN TEN AN CE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
W ork involves the follow in g; Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types o f paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing
putty or fille r in nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray
May m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
gun o t brush.
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency.
In general, the
work o f the maintenance painter requ ires rounded training and ex ­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

21

P IP E F IT T E R , M AIN TEN AN CE

S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M A IN TE N AN C E - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fo llowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to co rrect lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressu res, flow , and size of pipe r e ­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes m eet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. W orkers
p rim a rily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
keating systems a re excluded.

and laying out a il types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blue­
prints, m odels, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-m etal-w orking machines; using a va riety of
handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and a ssem ­
bling; installing sheet-m etal a rticles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-m etal w orker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLU M B E R , M AIN TEN AN C E
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plum ber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a fo rm al apprentice­
ship dr equivalent training and experience.
S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M AIN TEN AN CE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the follow in g: Planning

Custodial

and

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker;

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or sim ilar establishment.
W orkers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors a re excluded.
GUARD
P erfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arm s or fo rce where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.

fixture maker; gauge m aker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop, too ls, gauges, jig s , fix ­
tures or dies fo r forgings, punching and other m etal-form in g work.
W ork involves most of the follow in g: Planning and laying out of work
from m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other oral and w ritten sp e c ifi­
cations; using a va riety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of m etal parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assem bling of parts to prescribed tolerances and a llow ­
ances; selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
F o r cross-indu stry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification .

Material

E LE V ATO R O PERATO R, PASSENGER




TO O L AND DIE M AKER

Movement

JANITOR,

PO RTER,

OR C LE A N E R

(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
Cleans and keeps in an ord erly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or prem ises of an office, apartment house,
or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the follow in g: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo ors;
rem oving chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing m etal fixtures or trim m ings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window washing a re excluded.

22
LABO RER, M A T E R IA L HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A w orker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or m ore of
the follow ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing m aterials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting m aterials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C LE RK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and file s .
F o r wage study purposes, w orkers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receivin g clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER F IL L E R
(O rder picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
custom ers1 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to fillin g
orders and indicating items fille d or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to su pervisor, and p erform other related duties.
PA C K E R , SHIPPING
P rep a res finished products fo r shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations p erform ed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or
m ore of the follow in g: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to v e r ify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using ex celsio r or other m aterial to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C LE R K
P rep a res merchandise fo r shipment, or re ceives and is r e ­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other m a terials.
Shipping work in volves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ra c­
tices, routes, available means o f transportation and rates; and p r e ­
paring records o f the goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise fo r shipment.
R eceiving work in volves: V erifyin g or directing others in verifyin g
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, in voices, or




D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
m a terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freigh t depots, w a re­
houses, wholesale and reta il establishments, or between reta il estab­
lishments and cu stom ers1 houses or places of business. May also
load or unload truck with or without h elpers, make m inor mechanical
rep a irs, and keep truck in good working order. D river-sa lesm en and
o ver-th e-ro a d d rivers are excluded.
F o r wage study purposes, tru ckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (T r a c to r-tr a ile r should be rated
on the basis of tra ile r capacity. )
T ru ck d river
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d river,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under IV 2 tons)
medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (o ver 4 tons, tra ile r type)
heavy (o ver 4 tons, other than tr a ile r type)

TRU CKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-p o w ered
truck or tra cto r to transport goods and m aterials of a ll kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
F o r wage study purposes, w orkers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:
Tru cker, power (fo rk lift)
Tru cker, power (other than fo rk lift)
W ATCH M AN
Makes rounds of p rem ises p eriod ica lly in protecting property
against fir e , theft, and ille g a l entry.
☆

U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1957 0 — 417687

Bulletins in This Series

Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 17 major labor markets during late 1956 and early 1957. Bulletins for the fol­
lowing areas are now available and may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.,
or from any of the regional sales offices listed below. As additional bulletins become available, they will be listed in subsequent issues.




Labor Market
Seattle, Wash.
Buffalo, N. Y.
Cleveland, Ohio
Boston, Mass.

Survey Period

BLS Bulletin
Number

August 1956
September 1956
October 1956
September 1956

1202-1
1202-2
1202-3
1202-4

Price
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents

Regional Sales Offices

U. S. Department of Labor
bureau of Labor S tatistics
341 Ninth Avenue
New York 1, N. Y.

IJ. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
18 Oliver Street
Boston 10, Mass.

TJ. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
50 Seventh Street, N. E .
Atlanta 23, Ga.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
105 West Adams Street
Chicago 3, 111.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
630 Sansome Street
San Fran cisco 11, Calif.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102