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Occupational Wage Survey

DALLAS, TEX A S
OCTOBER 1956

Bulletin No. 1202-5

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
Jamas P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREA U

O F LA B O R

STA TISTIC S

Ew an C la g u t, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




DALLAS, TEXAS
OCTOBER 1956

B u lletin N o . 1202-5
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREA U

O F LA B O R S TA TIS TIC S

Ew an Clague, Commissioner
February 1957

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D C. - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Community Wage Survey P ro g ra m
In trodu ction ________________________________________________________
Wage trends fo r selected occupational groups ___________________

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regu la rly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made fro m late fa ll to ea rly spring,
relate to occupational earnings and re la te d supplementary
benefits.
A p relim in a ry report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month follow ing the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the e a rlie r report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin sum m arizing the results of a ll of the year*s surveys
is issued after completion of the fin al area bulletin fo r the
current round of surveys.




1
3

Tables:
1: Establishments and w orkers within scope of survey _____
2: Indexes of standard w eekly salaries and straighttime hourly earnings fo r selected occupational
groups, and percent of in crease fo r selected
periods
___________________________________________________
A: Occupational earnings * A - l : O ffice occupations ____________________________
A - 2: P rofessio n a l and technical occupations ____________
A - 3: Maintenance and powerplant occupations ___________
A -4: Custodial and m aterial movement occupations ____
B: Establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions * B - l: Shift differen tial provisions ________________________
B-2: Minimum entrance rates fo r women
office w orkers _____________________________________
B -3: Scheduled w eekly hours ______________________________
B-4: Paid holidays ________________________________________
B-5: Paid vacations _______________________________________
B -6: Health, insurance, and pension plans ______________
Appendix:

Job descriptions ______________________________________

2

3
5
8
9
10

12
13
14
14
15
16
17

* NOTE: S im ilar tabulations fo r most of these items are available
in the Dallas area reports fo r June 1951, August 1952, September
1953, September 1954, and October 1955.
The 1953 report also
provides tabulations of wage structure ch a ra cteristics, labormanagement agreem ents, and overtim e pay provisions. The 1954
report also includes data on frequency of wage payments, and pay
provisions fo r holidays fallin g on nonworkdays.
A d irecto ry indi­
cating date of study and the p rice of the reports, as w ell as reports
for other m ajor areas, is available upon request.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in the Dallas
area, are available fo r the follow ing trades or industries: Building
construction, printing, loca l-tra n sit operating employees, and m o tor­
truck d r iv e r s .
iii




Occupational Wage Survey - Dallas, Te x .*
Introduction
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) fo r which
straight-tim e salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

The Dallas area is one of several important industrial centers
in which the Department of L a b o rrs Bureau of Labor Statistics has
conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areawide basis.
In each area, data are obtained by personal
visits of Bureau field agents to representative establishments within
six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation (excluding
railroads), communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. M ajor
industry groups excluded from these studies, besides railroads, are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having few er than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted also because they furnish insufficient employment in the occu­
pations studied to warrant inclusion. 1 W herever possible, separate
tabulations are provided fo r each of the broad industry divisions.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in ail
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
a lly surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occu­
pational structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earnings
data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying ail establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, a ll establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as r e ­
lating to a il establishments in the industry grouping and area, except
fo r those below the minimum size studied.

Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on s e ­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they
relate to office and plant w orkers.
The term "o ffice w o r k e r s ," as
used in this bulletin, includes all office clerica l employees and ex ­
cludes adm inistrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
"Plant w ork ers" include working forem en and all nonsupervisory w ork­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Adm inistrative, executive, professional, and technical em ployees, and
force-account construction employees who are utilized as a separate
work force are excluded.
C afeteria workers and routemen are ex ­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant workers
in nonmanufacturing industries.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational clas­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestabiishment variation in duties within the same
job (see appendix for listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -s e rie s tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerica l; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and m aterial movement.

Shift differential data (table B - l) are lim ited to manufacturing
industries.
This information is presented both in term s of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 2 presented in terms of total plant worker em ploy­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used or, if no amount applied to a m ajority, the cla s­
sification "oth er" was used.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w orkers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as fo r office c lerica l occupations, reference is

Minimum entrance rates (table B-2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis.
Scheduled hours; paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statis­
tica lly on the basis that these are applicable to a ll plant or office

* This report was prepared in the Bureau*s regional office in
Atlanta, Ga. , by Bernard J. Fahres, under the direction of Louis B.
Woytych, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See table 1 fo r m inim um -size establishment covered.




2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: ( l ) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late shifts.

( 1)

2
workers if a m ajority of such workers are eligible or may eventually
qualify fo r the practices listed. 3 Because of rounding, sums of indi­
vidual items in these tabulations do not n ecessarily equal totals.
The summary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
ments, excluding inform al plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the em ployer.
Separate estimates are provided
according to em ployer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis w ere converted; fo r example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week*s pay.
Data are presented for a ll health, insurance, and pension
plans fo r which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workm en^ compensation and
social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com m er­
cial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or paid
d irectly by the em ployer out of current operating funds or from a fund
set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented fo r a il such plans to which the
em ployer ,contributes. H owever, in New York and New Jersey, which

have enacted tem porary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions, 4 plans are included only if the em ployer ( l ) con­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law.
Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are lim ited to form al plans5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w o rk er’ s pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
( l ) plans which provide fu ll pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes re ferred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance re fers to plans providing fo r complete or partial
payment of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirem ent pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
w ork er’s life.

4 The tem porary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a form al plan if
3
Scheduled w eekly hours fo r office workers (firs t section it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
of
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
table B-3) are presented in term s of the proportion of women office
but inform al sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
w orkers employed in offices with the indicated weekly hours for women
w ere excluded.
w orkers.
T a b le

1:

E s t a b lis h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in D a l l a s ,
M in im u m

In d u s tr y d iv is io n

A l l d iv is io n s __________________________________

in e s t a b li s h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu dy
_________

_____________

____

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ ________________________________________________________________
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________ _____ _ _____________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n ,
and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4
.
_
W h o le s a l e t r a d e ..
.
R e t a il t r a d e __________________________________________________________ ________
F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te __________________________________
S e r v ic e s 7 _
_ ___________________________________________ _____________ ___

T e x . , 1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d iv is i o n , O c t o b e r 1956

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W ith in
scope of
stu d y 2

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s

S tu d ied

W ith in s c o p e o f stu dy
T o ta l 3

O ffic e

S tu d ied
P la n t

T o ta l 3

51

707

179

1 6 0 ,2 0 0

3 3 ,1 0 0

9 5 ,5 0 0

9 6 ,4 0 0

51
51

241
466

58
121

7 1 ,7 0 0
8 8 ,5 0 0

7 ,8 0 0
2 5 ,3 0 0

4 8 ,9 0 0
4 6 ,6 0 0

4 6 ,3 2 0
5 0 ,0 8 0

51
51
51
51
51

52
103
132
107
72

24
19
33
28
17

2 0 ,4 0 0
1 1 ,3 0 0
2 9 ,0 0 0
1 6 ,9 0 0
1 0 ,9 0 0

5 ,3 0 0

1 0 ,7 0 0
( 5)
2 2 ,6 0 0
6 1 ,4 0 0
( 5)

1 6 ,9 5 0
2 ,9 8 0
1 8 ,1 4 0
8 ,2 5 0
3 ,7 6 0

( 5)

3 ,4 0 0
1 1 ,4 0 0
( 5)

1 T h e D a l l a s M e t r o p o li t a n A r e a ( D a l l a s C o u n ty ).
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f stu d y " e s t im a t e s sho w n in th is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t io n o f the s iz e an d c o m p o s itio n o f the l a b o r fo r c e
in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y .
T h e e s t im a t e s a r e not in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e ( l ) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s
r e q u i r e s the u s e o f e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d v a n c e o f the p ay p e r i o d stu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 In c lu d e s a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m -s iz e lim it a t io n . A l l o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , au to r e p a i r s e r v i c e and m o tio n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
3 In c lu d e s e x e c u tiv e , te c h n ic a l, p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e o ffic e and p lan t c a t e g o r i e s .
4 A l s o e x c lu d e s t a x ic a b s , an d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n .
5 T h is in d u s t ry d iv is i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r i e s " and "n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in the S e r i e s A an d B t a b le s , a lth o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s in s u ffic ie n t to ju s t i fy s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta .
6 E s t im a t e r e la t e s to r e a l e s ta te e s t a b lis h m e n t s o n ly .
7 H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s ; r a d io b r o a d c a s t in g and t e le v is io n ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t i o n s ; an d e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
The table below presents indexes of salaries of office c le rica l
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant w orker groups.
For office c le ric a l workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-tim e salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-tim e hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtim e and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the num erically important
jobs within each group. The office c le ric a l data are based on women in
the following 18 jobs: B ille rs , machine (billing machine); bookkeepingmachine operators, class A and B;Com ptom eter operators; clerks, file,
class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, payroll; key-punch operators;
office girls; secreta ries; stenographers, general; switchboard opera­
tors; switchboard operator-receptionists; tabulating-machine operators;
transcribing-machine operators, general; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are based on women industrial nurses. Men
in the following 10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were
included in the plant w orker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians;
machinists; mechanics; mechanics, automotive; m illw rights; painters;
pipefitters; sheet-metal w orkers; and tool and die makers; unskilled—
janitors, porters, and cleaners; laborers, m aterial handling;
and
watchmen.
A verage weekly salaries or average
computed fo r each of the selected occupations.
or hourly earnings w ere then multiplied by the
and September 1953 employment in the job.

hourly earnings were
The average salaries
average of August 1952
These weighted earn­

ings for individual occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an a ggre­
gate for each occupational group.
Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates fo r a given year to the aggregate for the base period (survey
month, winter 1952-53) was computed and the result multiplied by the
base year index (100) to get the index for the given year.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (l) general
salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. F or example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and r e ­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of w orkers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtim e, since they
are based on pay for straight-tim e hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1956 fo r workers in 15 other
major labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1188, Wages and Related
Benefits, 17 Labor Markets, 1955-56.

Table 2: Indexes of standard w eekly sa la ries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in D allas, Tex. ,
October 1956 and October 1955 and percent of change for selected periods
Indexes
P ercent change 1 from —
(August 1952 = 100)
June 1951
October 1955 Septem ber 1954 Septem ber 1953 August 1952
Industry and occupational group
October
October
to
to
to
to
to
1955
1956
October 1956 October 1955 Septem ber 1954 Septem ber 1953 August 19 52
All industries:
4. 0
5. 0
5. 6
6. 1
122. 0
115. 3
5. 8
Office clerica l (women) _________ _______
- .8
7. 6
2. 8
117. 4
Industrial nurses (w om en )_________________
9. 1
109. 8
6.9
10. 0
4 .6
3. 8
3. 4
115. 0
5.9
Skilled m aintenance (men) ________________
119. 4
3. 6
7. 7
4. 0
4. 7
3. 3
116. 6
112. 1
U nskilled plant (men) _____ ____
______
Manufacturing:
3. 3
8. 7
5. 0
112. 7
5. 5
3 .9
Office clerica l (women) ____________________
118. 9
-3. 0
11. 6
7. 5
1. 4
9. 9
116. 3
108. 1
Industrial nurses (women) __ _____ ______
3. 5
7. 0
3. 5
4. 2
114. 6
5.9
Skilled m aintenance (men) _________________
119. 3
4. 0
6. 5
115. 0
5. 7
1. 1
9. 5
Unskilled plant (men) _______________________
121. 5
1 U nless otherw ise indicated, all are in crea ses.




June 1951
to
October 1956
29. 5
28. 1
30. 7
25. 6
29. 3
29. 8
26. 4
29. 5




A : Occupaiional Earnings

5

T a b le A -1: O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
in D a l l a s , T e x . , b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , O c t o b e r 1956)

S e x , o cc u p a tio n , and in d u s t ry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1$
$
$
$
$
3 0 . 0 0 3 5 . 0 0 4 0 . 0 0 4 5 . 0 0 5 0 . 0 0 5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 . 0C 1 1 0 .0 C 1 1 5 . 0 0
Weekly
hours 1 earnings1
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
“
*
—
3 5 .0 0 4 0 . 0 0 4 5 . 0 0 s a o o 5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 1 1 5 .0 0 o v e r

M en
C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s A —
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------P u b li c u t ilit ie s * -------------R e t a il t r a d e ---------------------F in a n c e * * -------------------------

509
168
341
116
48
71

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9 .5

,$ 0 . 0 0
9 ? . 00
8 6 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
8 0 . 50

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B —
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------P u b li c u t ilit ie s * -------------R e t a il t r a d e -----------------------

256
140
116
35
27

40. 0
40. 0
40. 5
40. 0
4 0 .0

7 0 . 50
00
6 4 .0 0
6 6 . 50
6 3 . 00

C le r k s , o r d e r -----------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

328
72
256

4 0 .0
3 0 .5
40. 5

7 3 .0 0
7 7 . 50
7 1 .5 0

C le r k s , p a y r o l l --------------------------N o n m a n u f a d u r i n g " -----------------

57
34

3 9 .5
3 0 ."5

81
1b..0500

O ffic e b o y s ----------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------P u b li c u t ilit ie s * -------------F in a n c e * * ------------------------

219
44
175
25
108

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
38. 5

4 6 .0 0
4 9 . 50
4 5 .0 0
4 4 .0 0
4 3 . 50

T a b u la t i n g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------P u b li c u t ilit ie s * ------------F in a n c e * * ------------------------

218
75
143
35
97

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

7 3 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
66 . 00

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b il li n g m a c h i n e ) ----------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------

178
55
123

4 0 .0
39. 0
40. 5

5 5 . 50
5*7. 5 0
5 4 . 50

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ------------------------------------------

146
30
116
53

40. 5
40. 0
4 1 .0
3 9 .0

5 4 .0 0
5 9 .0 0
5 2 .5 0
5 0 .0 0

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------- --------------------------N o t v m a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------F in a n c e * * ---------------------------------------------

207
30
168
52

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
38. 5

6 3 . 50
" 7 1 .0 0
6 2 . 00
6 3 .0 0

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ------------------------------------------F in a n c e * * ---------------------------------------------

494
412
47
255

4 0 .0
40 . 0
39. 5
40. 5
40. 0

5 4 .0 0
60 . 00
5 2 .5 0
4 8 . 50
4 9 . 50

1b.

4
t
4
-

33
10
23
7
9
1

30
30
7
3
12

27
11
16
6
6

49
13
36
2
3
16

40
'5
35
11
2
12

58
21
37
19
8
3

88
24
64
28
11
17

62
12
50
22
3
4

31
9
22
6
9
-

38
19
19
4
-

14
3
11
4
6

13
3
10
2
-

46
15
31
4
8

30
6
24
11
3

24
14
10
4
3

55
52
3
1
-

31
23
8
4
-

18
12
6
2
4

2
2
-

1
1
-

3
3
-

16
2
14

13
2
11

13
13

76
7
69

29
6
23

26
26

53
7
46

60
38
22

7
2
5

10
5
5

7
7

1
1

1
1

-

4
1

2
2

9
9

2
2

2
2

5
3

18
7

7
4

1
1

5
5
_
4

116
15
1 01
14
71

39
7
32
6
23

22
13
9
6

14
12
3
4

15
4
11
~

2
2
_
-

1
1
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

1
1
_
-

-

1
1
1

2
2
2

15
15
1
14

16
2
14
4
10

35
35
2
30

25
1
24
6
17

37
15
22
9
10

14
6
8
7
1

28
'1 6
12
4
5

19
17
2
2

8
7
1
-

10
3
7
7

-

27
12
15

33
33

47
14
33

28
10
18

9
1
8

2
2

22
18
4

2
2

-

2
2
2

5
5
5

37
1
36
18

36
6
30
18

34
15
19
-

19
19
10

11
6
5

~

-

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

"

5
5
2

20
20
9

43
43
13

60
9
51
7

46
14
32
11

12
7
5
2

16

127
6
121
20
84

87
16
71
6
23

53
38
15
2

14
14
3

40
8
32
-

4
3
1
-

1
1
"
_
-

-

_
-

-

'

.
-

-

3
3
3

14
4
10
3
-

1
1
-

-

5
5
2
_
_
-

-

2

24
19
5
-

225
25
_
_
-

-

1
1
_
.
7
- ------- 2
5
2
"
-

7
7
-

-

-

1
1
-

*
-

-

-

-

10
10
3
1

W om en

See fo o tn o tes a t end o f ta b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




62

_
_
*

_

-

c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ,

_
6
6
6

40
1
39
7
32

—11 12r45r
6
106

7

5
11
8
2
2

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

'
.
-

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u rv e y , D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

6
T a b le A - l: O f fic e O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
in D a l l a s , T e x . , b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , O c t o b e r 1956)
N U M B E R OF WORKERS R ECEIVIN G STRAIGH T-TIM E W E EK L Y E AR NINGS OF—

A verage

S e x , o cc u p a tio n , and in d u s t ry d iv is io n

of
workers

Weekly^
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

$
3 0 .0 0
and
under
3 5 . 00

$
3 5 .0 0

$
4 0 .0 0

S
4 5 .0 0

4 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

$
9 5 .0 0

5 5 . 00

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 . 00

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

$

$
$
$
1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . Of 1 1 0 . 0 0

$
1 1 5 .0 0
an d

1 0 5 .0 0

n o . oc JLL5j_Q0

over

W o m e n - C on tin u ed
C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A --------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------P u b li c u t ilit ie s * ---------- ■-------------R e t a il t r a d e ---------------------------------F in a n c e * * ------------------------------------C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------P u b li c u t ilit ie s * ---------R e t a il t r a d e -----------------F in a n c e * * --------------------C l e r k s , f i le , c la s s A —
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g —
F in a n c e * * ------------

551
459
123
65
194
1 ,1 6 6
— z sr~
879
239
13 0
256
295
49
246
188

C l e r k s , f i l e , c la s s B —
M a n u fa c tu rin g ----------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g —
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * R e t a il tr a d e --------F in a n c e * * ------------

1 ,1 4 1
60
1 ,0 8 1

C l e r k s , o r d e r ------ --------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g —
R e t a il t r a d e ---------

267
10 0
167

C l e r k s , p a y r o ll — --------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g —
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * R e t a il t r a d e — —
F in a n c e * * ------------

489

C om p to m eter o p e ra to rs
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g —
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * R e t a il t r a d e --------F in a n c e * * ------------

604

76
65
820

65

r s r ~

333
92
74
61

113
491
57
217
51

4 0 .0
46. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5
3 9 .5

$
6 8 .0 0
7 9 . 56
6 6 . 00
8 0 .0 0
6 3 .5 0
5 5 . 50

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 7 . 50
6 2 . 56
5 6 .0 0
6 3 . 50

4 0 .5
3 9 .5

.

-

-

-

-

-

6
-

15
-

117

6
_

15
-

6
111
6

5 2 .0 0
4 9 .5 0

6

7
8

22
63

3 9 .5
4 0 .6
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

5 6 .0 0
6 0 . 50
5 5 .0 0
5 1 .5 0

_

_

-

-

11
11

-

-

8

3 9 .5
4 o .6
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

4 4 . 50
5 5 . 50
4 4 .0 0

19
.

57
-

19
-

57
-

690
3
687

19
1
.
1

12

-

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1

-

-

5 5 .0 0
6 5 .6 6
5 2 .5 0
6 0 .5 0
4 8 .5 0

-

-

4 4 . 50
5 4 .6 6
4 2 .0 0
4 3 .5 0
3 9 .5 0
4 2 . 50

26 1
48
213
32
40
114

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

2

-

1

1

-

-

-

35
l6

5
3
2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
5
13
5

-

r

1

46
37

33

44
4
40

61
15
46
7
4

11
1

31

19
6
-

44
8
36
16
6
5

160
17
143
6
72
14

124
10
114
3
64

115

67
30
37
3

54

70
6
64
10
46

103
23
80
33
31

49
14
35
6
3

13

17
14
3
1

8
8

-

.
-

2
2

19

-

-

•

86

-

-

93

86
4
81

"

6
l
5

-

9
6

1
1

47
12
35
6
8
6

93

■

15

118
3?
84
20
21
18

19
8

22
24
95

55
22
33
24

89
24
65
18
8
5

6
2

_

35

56

3

2

-

53
7

-

39
6

10

-

15

-

2

-

-

-

158

1

13
2

20

2

22
2
-

-

1

-

29
14
-

39
6

15
-

-

10

91
27
12

-

42

91

22
155

59
8
21

24
16
8

20

160

112
130

39
7
15

15
2
13
4
-

-

1
-

-

61
96

50
28

22
IF
4
2

-

2
-

23
132
13
38
35

49
20

-

6
4

-

177

41
28

-

_
.

242

6

1

12

“

157

25

94
23
71
7

51
14
37
6
11
15

10

S e e fo o tn o te a t end o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .




1

-

_
_

230

11
9

.
_
_

O ffic e g i r l s ------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g P u b li c u t ilit ie s *
R e t a il t r a d e ------F i n a n c e * * ----- —

rz o

102
6
96
87

35
35

5 8 . 50
6 5 . 50
5 7 .0 0
6 4 . 50
5 6 .0 0
5 5 . 50

408
92
266

11
15
101

9
9

1

-

155

179
9
17 0

17
6

-

-

3
62

35
-

3 9 .5
4 6 .6
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

_
_
_
_
-

29

1
62

9
-

6 2 .5 0
6 3 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
6 3 . 50
5 8 . 50
6 0 .0 0

11
35
5
7

63
-

25
32

4 0 .0
■ ■ 4 o .ir H
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1

46

lo
10
2
3
5

63
-

70
-

19
21 1
27
12
151

5 2 .0 0
4 3 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 5 . 50
6 1 . 50

20

70
-

65
-

63
15
48

3i
24
13
9
2

8
5
3
1

15

ll

98
8
32
6
96

4$
47
20
9

19
6

31
’ IF
16
5
3
1

46
26
20
9
4

55
-

27

81
10
71
16
15
22

65
-

23
4
631

3 9 .5
4o. o
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

K e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s —
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g —
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * F i n a n c e * * ------------

528

4 8 .5 0
3 9 .0 0
4 2 . 50

.
_

55
38
1
14
2
2
-

10
2
8
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
-

2
2'
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

19
ll
8
3
1
4

-

2

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

_
_
_

-

_
_
_

1

-

-

2

l
l

i

23
15

7
5

9

8
6

2
2

_

_
_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
-

>
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

-

_
_
-

-

-

"

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
.

i

-

7
7

8

-

15
15

-

"

i

2
2
-

-

-

40
12
28
16

2
-

-

12
8'
4

19
35
31
3

15
12
12
-

-

_

_
_
-

-

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

_
.
_
_
_

.
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

“

-

-

-

7
T a b le A - l: O f fic e O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in D a l l a s , T e x , , b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , O c t o b e r 1956)
A verage

S e x , o cc u p a tio n , and in d u s t r v d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
bourn 1
(Standard)

Weekly,
earnings1
(Standard)

N U M B E R OF WORKERS R E CE IVIN G STRAIGH T-TIM E W E E K L Y E AR NINGS OF—
3 0 . 00

00

*65. 00

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

70. 00

124

3 5 .0 0

^

0 .0 0

*45. 00

*5 0. 00

*5 5. 0 0

4 0 .0 0

4 5 . 00

50. 00

5 5 . 00

*6 0 .

^

0 . 00

*7 5 . 0 0

and
under
3 5 .0 0

00

*8 5 . 00

* 9 0 .0 0

* 9 5 . 00

1 0 0 .0 0

»

$
$
1 0 5 . 00 1 1 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

*8 0 .

1 1 5 .0 0

and
7 5 . 00

80.

00

1 1 5 .0 0

over

W o m e n - C on tin u ed
$
S e c re ta rie s
■— ...... - .
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g •
P u b li c u t ilit ie s *
R e t a il t r a d e -----F in a n c e * * ----------

1 ,4 4 9
416
1 ,0 3 3
192
138

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l --------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------- —
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * — ------ —--------------------R e t a il t r a d e ------------------------------------------F in a n c e * * ——----------------------- — --------- ■

2 ,0 9 3

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n i c a l -----------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------

181

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------P u b li c u t ilit ie s * ---------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e -------------------------------------------F in a n c e * * --------------------- ——-------------------

383

399

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 4 .0 0
7 7 . 50
7 2 . 50
7 6 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

2
-

-

-

-

-

43

230

1

11

49

-

47

1
2

113
18
17

166
21
22

19

12

74

?9
151
14
37
85

216

326
81
245
65

437

304

r a r

132
172

88

49

19
70

32
128

20

99
47
-

34

7

20
20

46

-

6
6

45

25
25

72

72

36

41

23

2

10

34

9
14
-

-

2

215

1

-

48

170
54

49
157

173
48
12 5

113
58
55

74
17
57

36

27

32

13
5
18

23

12

20

12

46

80

38

271
17 2

19 5

12
1

10 9
83
26
-

14

7

5

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5
3 9 .5

6 4 .0 0

.

6 9 . 50
6 0 .0 0
6 0 .5 0
5 6 .0 0
5 8 .5 0

-

2

-

-

4 0 .0
4 o .o

7 9 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

-

-

-

'

-

-

5 1 .0 0
6 4 . 50

3
-

35
-

77

49
334
31
80
53

4 2 .5
4 0 .0
4 3 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1

1

4 9 .0 0
5 9 .0 0
4 4 . 50
5 7 .0 0

3
-

35
-

76
-

71

10
62

3

20

19

2
11

19

5

31
15
3

10

21

9

3

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ----------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------P u b il c u t i l i t i e s * ------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ------------------------------------------F in a n c e * * ----------------------------------------------

384
12?
257
32
44
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
42. 5
38. 5

5 8 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
5 7 .5 0
6 6 .5 0
5 2 .5 0
5 6 .0 0

71

68

45
23

19

10
10

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s --------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------ ----- -------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------F in a n c e * * -------------------- -------------------------

104
32
72
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

6 6 .0 0

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e ra t o r s , g e n e ra l
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c tu r i n g -------------------------------------F in a n c e * * ------------------------------------------------

386
32 2
244

T y p i s t s , c l a s s A --------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g P u b li c u t ilit ie s *
R e t a il tr a d e -----F in a n c e * * --------T y p is t s , c l a s s B ----------M a n u fa c tu rin g -------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g P u b li c u t ilit ie s *
R e t a il tr a d e ------F in a n c e * ♦ ---------

1
a
*
**

868
1 ,2 2 5
358
127
388

103

-

1

2

42

-

2
11
20

142
15
12 7
44

“ 45
171
51

22

20

54

54

-

-

5

6

287

—

‘

206

116

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

22

11

11

12

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1

-

1

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-

*

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1

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2
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-

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7
-

16
1

4
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15
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5

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1

-

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2

1

22
2
10

6
7

22
6
1

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7
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-

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14
7

2
12

15

9

17

10

-

-

"

7

.
-

_
-

4
-

3
-

34
-

14
4

10

17

11

-

12

9

5
3

4

6 2 .0 0

.
-

10

5

2

2

1

1

-

-

3
3

10

-

4
4

34

5 8 . 50

20

3

3

2

"

1

-

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4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

5 3 . 50
"5 3 7 5 0
5 3 . 50
5 1 .0 0

_

.

91

-

-

92
17
75
63

40
25

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

.

3 9 .5

5 6 . 50
6 2 . 50
5 4 . 50
5 6 .0 0
5 7 .0 0
5 3 .0 0

1 ,7 9 1

3 9 .5

4 9 .0 0

1

326

4 0 .0

1 ,4 6 5
93

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
40. 5
3 9 .0

5 6 . 00
4 7 . 50
4 9 .0 0
4 8 .0 0
4 5 .5 0

742

\W ~
593

122
40
253

219
799

125

-

“

.

2

10

-

1

-

-

2

10

-

-

222
22

174
43
131
40

-

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_
_
-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

5

1

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

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-

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-

-

3

-

-

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_

1
2

-

-

-

-

-

22

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

79

39

38

17

11

.

-

-

-

IT

25

10

5

13
-

7
-

6

-

-

-

24
14
-

-

-

59
17

-

-

20

-

-

-

9

6
59

6

8

15
-

543

560
55

311

179

87

505
26
60
306

224

68
111

115
78
37

51
24
27

2

2

6l

5
27

-

73

29

11

19

_

-

-

102

-

_

-

6

62

15

-

_

-

6

1

1

-

_

30
-

9

35
55
380

-

.
-

30
15

'

_

-

.

44
-

2

9
534

-

_
_

44

119
29
3

15
-

-

6

247
25

72

32

9

-

19

-

•

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

2

2

_

_

_

-

.

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
7
_
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th es e w e e k ly h o u r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : l l a t $115 to $1 25; 10 a t $125 to $135; 4 a t $135 and o v e r .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .




-

1

8

-

15
_

64
14
50

83
81

.
_

-

8

.

1

_
_

14 9
46

56
14
42

6

.

-

£4

1

9 -----------4 -

-

-

48

4

.

1
1

34

42
37

-

-

15

-

64

-

32

_

" 7 5 . 50

2
12

3

_

-

_

4
_
-

6
10

-

32
36

5

1
1

20

_
-

49

5

-

39
19

21
6

7

12
22
1

9

36
15

8
T a b le A - 2 : P ro fe s s io n a l a n d Te c h n ic a l O c c u p a tio n s
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
in D a l l a s , T e x . , by in d u s t ry d iv is io n , O c t o b e r 1956)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF!$
S
$
s
$
$
$

A verage

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s t ry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings1
(Standard) (Standard)

U n d e r 5 0 . 00 5 5 .0 0
and
$
5 0 .0 0 u n d er
5 5 . 00 6 0 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

$
$
$
$
7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

1
$
1
$
$
*
9 5 .0 0 100.00 1 05.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 1 2 5 .0 0 |l 3 0 .00 |135.00 140.00 14 5.0 0 150.00

and
9 5 .0 0 1 00.00 10 5.0 0 11 0.0 0 1 15.00 120.00 125.00 1 3 0 .0 o j l 3 5 .0 o |140.00 145.00 1 50.00 o v e r
1

S
i

M en

D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r _ ______________ ______
M a n u fa c tu rin g _ _ _ _ _ _
__ _ _ _ _ _ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____
_
_ _

129
64
65

4 1 .5
40 .U "
4 3 .0

D r a ft s m e n , s e n io r
_
_
__
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_
_ __
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * ______________________

311
221
90
36

4 0 .5
4 0 .0
4 1 .0
4 0 .0

D r a ft s m e n , j u n i o r _____ ______________________
----- _
M a n u fa c tu rin g
..
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________

299
212
87

T r a c e r s _ __

__

_______

_

___

____

_
_

$
1 1 4 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

8 8 .5 0

r totto

_

-

_
-

-

.
-

.
■

8 9 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

"

4 0 .5
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

7 0 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

4
2
2

19
11

52

4 0 .5

5 5 .5 0

2 18

70

4 0 .0

7 7 .5 0

-

8

-

.
8

-

8
8

8
8

16
11
5

60
35
25

58
51

6

16

.

5

1

4

_

8

77

2

-

2

-

-

"

7
6
1

21
19
2

22
21
1

60
62
8
1

39
27
12
2

23
15
8
4

4

2

4

2

1
1

6
6

“

13
8
5
5

62
50
12
5

37
34
3

52
50
2

33
23
10

28
24
4

23
8
15

6

5

6

13
9

2

19

2

19

28
18
10
2

9
3
6

9
7
2

3
1
2

1

4
4

7

-

-

5
5

4

4

-

6

4

2

2

4

2

5
1
4

2
2

9
1
8

_

4
1
3

_

8

-

8

_

5
1
4

_

1

2

9
2

1

-

-

-

-

-

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u stria l (r e g is t e r e d ) _ _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________
__

1 S t a n d a rd
*

----- 52— '40.15 1 7 B .-50'
...

20

— 25 —
1~

r~
5

— r~ ---- 2

----- 2~

5
------- 5~

T~
4

----

1

*

________

h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r i e s an d the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 16 at $40 to $ 4 5; 2 at $45 to $50.
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y , D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s

9
T a b le

A -3:

M a in te n a n c e a nd P o w e rp la n t O c c u p a tio n s

( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r m en in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu died on an a r e a b a s is
in D a l l a s , T e x . , by in d u s t ry d iv is io n , O c t o b e r 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t ry d iv is io n

Average
$
hourly , 0 .9 0
earnings 1 and
un der
1 .0 0

$

$

$
1. 00

$
1.40

$
1. 50

$
1.60

$
1.70

1 . 80

$
1 .9 0

$

1. 20

$
1.3 0

$

1 . 10

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

1 . 10

1 .2 0

1.3 0

1.4 0

1.5 0

1.6 0

1. 70

1 . 80

1.90

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

$

$

$

$

$

2 . 60

2. 70

2 . 80

$
2 .9 0

$
3. 00

2 .6 0

2. 70

2 . 80

2 .9 0

3. 00

3. 10

15
15

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

29
29

12
12

14
l4

3

“

“

-

$
C a r p e n t e r s , m a in ten an ce
____________ _ __ __
M a n u fa c tu rin g _ ------------- --------------------------- __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________________
_________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e

183
75
108
43

2 . 16
2 .2 0

E le c t r i c i a n s , m ain te n a n c e ________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g
--------------- ------------- ---------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________________

232
148
84

2 . 18

-

-

E n g i n e e r s , s t a t i o n a r y ______ _____________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________
___________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_________ _____ ___________
P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * _____ _____ _______________
R e t a il t r a d e
------------------- -----------------------F in a n c e * * ___________ __ _______ ___________

334

1 .8 6

_

10

101

2 . 16

233
51
36
94

1.73
1.91

16

10

-

1 .6 8

-

16
-

1

1. 77

-

-

F i r e m e n , s ta t io n a r y b o i l e r
_________ _
_ ____
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____ __ _____ ____________ t_____

58
38

1.59
1. 73

_

H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n c e
_____
_____
M a n u fa c tu rin g
____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_____________ _____________
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * _______________________________

337

1.48
1.57
1.37
1.53

6

-

2 .2 6

_

2 .3 5

-

M a c h in is t s , m a i n t e n a n c e ____________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____ _________ _________ ____

2. 14
2 .3 0

2. 32
1.95

188

149
73
125
— H55------

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n c e ) _____ _
_
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________________ _____ _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * _______________________________
R e t a il t r a d e
__ ------------ ------- -------- _ -----

657
97
560
413
1 00

1.97
1.93
1.97
2 . 11
1. 58

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n c e __________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
___________ __ ___________
R e t a il t r a d e
_____ __ __ _____ __ __ ____

476

2 . 12

M i l l w r i g h t s ____

_________

__

_________________

___

84
30

15“
1.98
1.71

82

2 .2 5

~ W z

—

6

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

6

-

2
6

10

-

-

18
13
5

20
18

31
4
27

8
8

30
25
5

21
10
11
1

23

5
5
5

-

2

-

16
-

4

20

1

18

16

3

2

19
14
5

28
28

9

15

10

2

2

60

27
27

7

13
3
3
7

2
8
1

18
18

32
28
4

12
11
1
1

20

10

12
8

8
2

10

23

4

19
19
5

1

10

6

2

5

-

-

50

6
11

6

-

2
12

2

-

-

-

9
-

2

6
6

10
8

_

13

2

4

_

_

-

12

4
4

"

-

-

-

-

33

46
25

52

29
19

31

12

15

21

-

9
9
-

"

31
9

4
4
-

2

6

5
5
-

8

-

31
19

2

_

_

_

"

-

-

-

2

27
27
18

8

1

-

~

2

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

1

2

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

_

2. 04
2 .2 1
1.91

41

2. 14

_

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21
-------6 ~

8

15
10

5

21

-

-

-

-

12

6

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— 5

-

16
16

10
10

5
5

25

73
4
69
41
18

65
19
46
35

135
17
118
108

22
6
16
10

42
3
39
25
14

8

2
6

36
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25
3
20

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2

23
4
9
16
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2

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6
6

11
11

21

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.

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10
9
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16

3
3

13
13

5

1

4

5

4

------ f - \

4
4

.

10

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

4
4

.

.

-

-

-

4
4

-

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4
4

13
9

2
2

9
9—

“

-

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-

-

13
13

20
20

7
7

_
"

7
7

-

25

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

53
53
-

-

-

"

"

-

-

■

“

-

17

7

5

4

10

19

1

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-

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6
6

7
7

3
------ 3

_

_

_

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9
9

2

16
15
1

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3
2
1

2

4

3

4

9
4

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43
43
-

1
------ r -

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1
1

5

-

-

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14

21
21

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6
6

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9
9
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43
13
30

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6

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6

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-----

15
15
15

39
36
3
3

91

4

6

13

-

21
2
1

8
5
12
------- 8 “ -------V ------- 5 -

9

38
38
"

10

57
48
9

6

19

2
2
1

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9
,

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12
12

2 .4 3
2 .4 3

33

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19
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------ 8

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41
p i i 19
17

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8
8

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-

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11

10

3
3
3

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71

25
17

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p ay f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts,
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




-

8
8

8

6

-

145
65
80

405
405

-

2

6

2

2

-

4
4
-

P a in t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e _____________ _______________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________ _______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_______________________________

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s ____ __ _____ __ _____ __
M a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________________________

..

6

-

1.77
1.77

---------

_

29
23

3
3
-

73
72

__ --------

_

4
4

6

O ile r s
__ _____ _____ _____ _________ _________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________________________

P l u m b e r 8 , m a i n t e n a n c e ___

2
2

-

_
-

2

6
6

-

91

-

ll
------ 9

7
7

39
39

16

105

2

2

14
13

103
103

1

16
16

51
7
44
44

8
6

"

54
54

5
5
13
141
l4 l

9
16
16

"

"

"

■

~

"

13
2
11

14
13
1

-

8

2
“
2

-

3

-

17
17

102
102

“

8

"

-

-

-

-

6
6

_

15
15

_

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y , D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

10
T a b le

A -4 :

C u s to d ia l a n d

M a t e r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a tio n s

( A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in D a l l a s , T e x . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , O c t o b e r 19 56 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n 1 a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Average
hourly ,
earnings

E l e v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( m e n ) _____________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________ _______________________

103
91

$
0 .8 6
. 78

E l e v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( w o m e n ) _______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
__________ __________ ______ „
R e t a il tra d e
F i n a n c e * * __________________________________________

424
420
48
232

G u a r d s _________ __ ________________
____
__ ______
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________
______ ____
_____ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
F i n a n c e * * __ __ ___________ _________ ______

44 4
342
102
74

$
$
$
0. 50
0. 70
0. 60
and
under
____ 1 0- _ ^ a o _
—

$
0. 80

$
0 .9 0

.9 0

1 .0 0

1. IQ.

$
1 .0 0

$
1. 10

$
1 .2 0

$
1. 30

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

-1 .-1 0 .

,L 4 0

-1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

1 .9 0

$
2 . 00

$
2 . 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2 . 30

2 .4 0

and
over

-

50
50

20
20

-

-

11
11

1
1

-

4
4

. 85
.8 5
.9 0
.8 8

44
44
-

61
6l
5

82
82
19
63

51
51
4
35

24
22
3

6
6
-

-

115
115
12
103

3
6
-

-

33
33
5
28

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 .7 2

_

_
-

6
6
1

5
2
3
3

46

-

7
-

_

1 .8 2

-

28
27

27
4
23
8

19
18
1
1

20
11
9
9

56
53
3
3

84
62
22
22

39
39
-

-

-

630
"2 1 6 “
41 4
17
139
152

320
11 1
198
59
54
36

556
"424
132
57
20
25

261
“HR5
161
84
30
32

165
75
90
72
8

52
19
33
7
1

48
48
-

132
122
10
8
-

152
150
2
-

46
46
-

-

-

-

-

"

26
19
7
7
-

22
2
20
20
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

5
3
2
2
-

9
9
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

169
77
92
12
72

112
33
79
8
71

112
96
16
11
5

72
65
7
6

134
134
-

25 4
38
21 6
21 0

1 .3 9
1 .4 7

7

-

16

8

$

-

9
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

"

-

-

28
28
-

70
70
-

5
5
-

9
9
-

23
23
-

-

40
58
2
-

5
5
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

65
37
28
28

174
• 174
-

5
5
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s (m e n ) _______
M a n u fa c t u rin g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_________________________ ______
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ______ __ ____ ____________
R e t a i l t r a d e _____________________________
____
F i n a n c e * * ___________________ ______________ __

3 ,2 6 5
" l , 36" "5
1 ,9 0 0
304
552
563

1. 16
1 .8 9
1. 00
1. 32
.9 5
.9 5

3 123
-

39
-

300
-

165
-

123
-

39
-

300
-

231
231
-

165
-

2

15

"

"

115
116

59
146

109
56

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ( w o m e n ) _______
M a n u fa c tu rin g _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
P u b li c u t ilit ie s *
R e t a il tra d e
____________ _____________________
F i n a n c e * * ___________________________
_ ______

1, 015
98
917
104
198
593

. 84
1 .2 1
.8 0
1. 13
.7 1
. 78

195
195
-

80
80
80

164
164
73
91

23 5
235
13
222

8
8
1
7

227
36
191
65
7
117

44
29
15
10
5
-

-

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d l i n g _________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________
____________ ~
______________ __ ____ ____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ______________ ________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ________________________________________

3, 261
1 ,4 3 4
1, 827
562
824

1 .3 3
1 .4 5
1 .2 4
1 .5 5
1. 11

_

_
-

42
-

39
-

11
-

42
-

39
-

-

-

11

42

39

1190
339
851
78
480

347
150
197
43
74

293

-

11
-

107
36
18

242
100
142
130
12

O r d e r f i l l e r s _______ __________ — ----------- -------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________ ____ ________ ______ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
______________ __________ _
R e t a il t r a d e
____________ _______________________

1, 016
231
785
28 4

1 .4 4
1 .6 6
1 .3 7

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

65
-

-

2
2

65
25

183
13
170
35

175
38
137
26

42
9
33
7

38
13
25
18

138
2
136
92

97
36
61
47

101
98
3
3

12
5
7

1 .4 9

139
7
132
17

P a c k e r s , s h ip p in g ( m e n ) ____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________ ___________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________ ___________________
R e t a il t r a d e
__ ______________
_________ __

355
165
190
76

1 .3 3
1 .4 4
1 .2 3
1. 13

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
-

25
25
4

105
29
76
37

34
24
10
10

68
40
28
10

9
7
2
2

38
21
17
1

2
1
1

31
31
-

"

2
2

24
6
18

-

10
10
10

-

-

-

P ack ers,

s h ip p in g ( w o m e n ) ___________________________

135

1. 15

_

_

-

_

1

41

51

15

22

-

-

-

-

5

R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s __ __ ______ _________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ ___________________ ________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__________
_____________ __
R e t a i l t r a d e ________________________________________

26 2

1 .7 1
’ 1 7 9 8 '”
1 .4 0
1 .4 0

_

.

.

121
51

-

-

-

4
4

12
12
10

4
4
4

6
6

27
-------§
19

11
11

20
1
19
1

S h ip p in g c l e r k s
__
_
____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ _________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_________________________ ______
R e t a il tr a d e
__________________
______ ______

270
144
126
38

1 .7 0
1 .8 7
1. 51
1 .4 7

_

-

_

_

_

>

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

47
47
11

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b l e .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .




141

c o m m u n ic a t io n ,

19
156

-

-

"

an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

5

186

4
4

2

12
12

6

3
66
36
30

8

21
14
7
1

25

9

16
7

18
11
7

2
14
13
1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

13
1
12
12

9
9
-

2
2

-

-

-

-

6
6
-

_

-

-

-

1
1

~

■

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

36
36
-

1
1
-

7
7
-

-

■

"

-

21
21
-

5

~

20
21
19
7 -------5 ~ -------- 9 ~
13
11
12
7
12

-

-

—

30
10
------ —
K T
3
1
■
25

24
1

14
l4
-

16

-

■

13
13
-

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-

_

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-

5
-

O c c u p a t i o n a l W a g e S u r v e y , D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t ic s

11
T a b le A -4 :

C usto dia l a n d M a te ria l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d

( A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in D a l l a s , T e x . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , O c t o b e r 1 9 56 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly ,
earnings

S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s __________________ ____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________ __________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_______________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ________________________________________

334
l6l
173
109
44

$
1 .7 6
1 .8 2
1 .7 1
1 .7 7
1 .5 0

T r u c k d r i v e r s 4 ____ __ ___________________ __ __ ____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________ __
____ ______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * __________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ________________________________________

2, 650
430
2, 220
1, 0 2 6
578

1 .6 3
1 .5 7
1 .6 5
1 .9 7
1 .3 3

569
ro s
463
153

1 .4 6
1 .4 4
1 .4 6
1 .3 5

1 ,2 3 7
lT l
1 , 066
69 4
166

1 .6 9
1 .4 2
1 .7 3

T r u c k d r i v e r s , l i g h t (u n d e r l ^ z t o n s ) _______
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________ _______________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
R e t a il t r a d e
_________________________________

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d i u m ( l Y z to a n d
i n c lu d i n g 4 to n s )
M a n u fa c tu rin g
_______ _____________ _
____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__________ ____________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ________ ________ ________
R e t a il t r a d e
______ __________ ______ ____

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
t r a i l e r t y p e ) ______ ____________________________ _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ ____
______________ ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
______ __________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _____________________________

401
130
271
113

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ___________________ _
M a n u fa c tu rin g
_________________________ *___________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__ __ _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ______________ ______ __ __

491
292
199
108

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t ) __________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___
_______________________________

177
61

W a t c h m e n _______ __ __________ ___________________ __
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________
________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________
R e t a il tr a d e
____________________________ ____ _

320
139
181

1
2
3
4

*

68

S
$
0. 50
0 .6 0
and
under
.7 0
. 60

$
0. 70

$
0 . 80

$
0.

$

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 50

1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

1. 30

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1. 70

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 . 00

$

.9 0

1 . 00

1 . 10

1 .2 0

2 . 20

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

over

50
38

10

29

29

22

26

20

-

-

1

44
23

24

-

13
-

6

-

8

11

22

12

18

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13

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21

16

18

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8

7
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59
13
46
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173
78
95

158
31
127

248
26

51
36
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359
29
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118

32

116

7
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26

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20

43
18

68

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130
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123
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96

1 .6 6

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21

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19
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1. 52
1 .6 4

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141
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104

74
36
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.

72

61

16

14
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56

14

40

35

22

9
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61
r?
44

34
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63
59
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81

67
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30
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16

1 .3 4
1 .0 8
1. 15

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6
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16

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115
42
73
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42
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59
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6

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581

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73
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909
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166

51
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62

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114

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179
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222

5

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100

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174

6

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158

46
23
23

152
49
91

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16

1 .6 6

$

2 . 10

-

167
----- r e 151
-

1 .8 2
1 .9 4

$

2 . 00

-

18
-

1 .7 6
1 .6 1
1 .9 5

$

and
. 80

D a t a l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t im e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la t e s h ifts .
I n c l u d e s 106 w o r k e r s a t $ 0 . 4 0 a n d u n d e r $ 0 . 5 0 .
I n c l u d e s a l l d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e a n d ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .




$
1 .3 0

$

1 .2 0

$
1 . 0 0 90 1 . 1 0

37
—

6
6

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10

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24
24

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”

_

6

_

-




12

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

T a b le

B -l: Shift D iffe re n tia l P r o v i s i o n s 1
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —
(a )
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g
fo r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

S e c o n d s h if t
w o rk

T o t a l ____

____

__

W i t h s h if t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l

______

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e _____________ _________________________________

O th er 2
N o s h if t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l

s h ifts
tio n s :

_
_
..

_

_

_

_
_

. . . ......
___ __ __

_______ _________
_____

____

_

.._

6 7 .8

6 5 .2

1 5 .6

3. 3

6 9 .7

____

3 c en ts
_
_________ ___
_____
—
5 cen ts
. ...
..
.
____
___________
6 c e n t s _______ _ __ _____
_ _______ _____ __ __
7 c e n t s __
_ _ _ _ _
_
__ ________ ___ ___ _ ___
_____
7 1? c e n t s
/.
_
8 c en ts
------- __
9 c e n t s __________________________________________________________
_____ ... — ........ ___ __ _
10 c e n t s
_ _ _
_
12 c e n t s
__
_.
_
_
______
.
O v e r 12 a n d u n d e r 15 c e n t s
_ .
.
_ ----- .
15 c e n t s ________________________________________ ________ _____ _____
O v e r 15 c e n t s
_ .... -------- .

.................
_
___

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h if t

7 6 .7

_

U n ifo r m c en ts (p e r h o u r ) _ _

5 p e r c e n t ._
7 l/ z p e r c e n t

S e c o n d s h if t

7 8 .9

.

.....

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h if t w o r k

(b )
A c t u a lly w o r k in g on—

3 1 .3

13. 1

2 .0

1 .4
1 2 .7
.5
8 .2
1 .5
.6
-

2 .4
1 .4
2 .3
-

1 1 .5
3 0 .4
2 .0
.9
-

_

.5
1 8 .1
1 .4
_
2 .6
2 .6

16. 1

.4
1 .9
. 1
1 .5
.3
.6
7 .7

3 .7

_
t
. 3
.2
.2
.5

.4

t

.2

. 1
.7

-

7 .0

5 .6

2 .5

.3

7 .0

_

2 .5

_

-

5 .6

-

. 3

-

2 8 .3

-

1 .0

2 .2

2 .6

.5

.4

1 S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f ( a ) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , a n d ( b ) w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n l a t e
a t th e t i m e o f th e s u r v e y .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v i n g a p o l i c y i f it m e t e i t h e r o f th e f o l l o w i n g c o n d i ­
( 1 ) O p e r a t e d l a t e s h if t s a t th e t i m e o f th e s u r v e y , o r (2 ) h a d f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
2 F u l l d a y ’ s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s , a n d e i t h e r 7 l/z c e n t s o r 10 c e n t s p e r h o u r .
| L e s s th an 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
O c c u p a t i o n a l W a g e S u r v e y , D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

13

Table B-2*.

Minimum Entrance Rates for W om e n Office W o rk e rs 1

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m h i r i n g r a t e in —

M a n u fa c tu rin g
M in im u m r a te
(w e e k ly s a l a r y )

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d

________________________________________

179

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

58

40

XXX

A ll
s c h e d u le s

121

M a n u fa c tu rin g

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—

A ll
s c h e d u le s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m h i r i n g r a t e in —

XX X

179

F o r In exp erien ced T y p is ts

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ___________

17

16

_

_
-

_

_

-

2

________

$ 3 2 .5 0 and under $ 3 5 .0 0

______________________________________

1

$ 3 5 .0 0 and un der $ 3 7 .5 0

______________________________________

2

______________________________________

2
24

$ 3 7 .5 0

and u n der $ 4 0 .0 0

$ 4 0 . 0 0 and un der $ 4 2 . 50

$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 . 50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
$ 6 0 . 00 and

________________________

___________________________________

u n d e r $ 4 5 . 0 0 _________________________________
u n d e r $ 4 7 . 5 0 _________________________________
u n d e r $ 5 0 . 00 _________________________________
u n d e r $ 5 2 . 5 0 _________________________________
u n d e r $ 5 5 . 0 0 _______________________________
u n d e r $ 5 7 .5 0 _________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 0 .0 0 _________________________________
o v e r ______________________________________________

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g n o s p e c i f i e d m in im u m

______

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y _____ __________________________________________
D a t a no t a v a i l a b l e

_________________________________________

___

XXX

IS

18

61

2

_

2

1

1

-

3

3

2

-

-

3

2

_
-

-

-

5

1

4
2
2
4
4
2
-

4
2
2
4
4
2
-

31

28

10

7
2
2
-

1

5

2

22

18

35

12

10

12

7
1

1

-

2
4

1
2
-

1
1

1

1

1

2
-

2

2

6

1

1
1

-

2

-

4

4

4
-

4

6

2
2
-

50

1

1

4
-

4
-

1

1

2

1

1

34

11

XXX

23

XX X

34

13

XX X

21

77

30

XXX

47

XXX

65

27

XX X

38

XXX

XX X

1

XXX

1

XX X

1

XXX

1

1

1 L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d f o r h i r i n g i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t y p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
2 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s .
D ata
re p o rte d .
3 R a t e s a p p l i c a b l e to m e s s e n g e r s , o f f i c e g i r l s , o r s i m i l a r s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d .




121

79

4
2
3

1

XX X

40

_

2

5

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

50

4
3
3

16

58

40

F o r Other Inexp erien ced C le r ic a l Workers 3

67

$ 3 0 . 00 and u n der $ 3 2 . 50

B a s e d on s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

1

-

a r e p re se n te d fo r a ll w o rk w e e k s

c o m b in e d ,

and

XXX

f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n w o r k w e e k

O c c u p a t i o n a l W a g e S u r v e y , D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t ic s

14

Table B-3: Scheduled Weekly Hours
P E R C E N T OP O FF IC E W O R K E R S *E M P L O Y E D I N —

W e e k ly h o u rs

A ll w o rk e rs

M anufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

Finance * *

AH
industries3

M anufacturing

100

37 % h o u r s a n d u n d e r
_ _
__
_
O v e r 3 7 y 2 a n d u n d e r 40 h o u r s
_
__
40 h o u r s ___________
___ ______________ _______________ _
O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s
____ _ .
44 h o u rs
O v e r 4 4 a n d u n d e r 48 h o u r s
48 h o u r s
__
_
_ _ _ _ _
O v e r 4 8 a n d u n d e r 54 h o u r s ___________________________
54 h o u r s a n d o v e r _____________________________________

1
2
3
f
*
**

All
_
industries

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —

100

100

100

100

100

100

6

3
90

3

7
6
74

6
19
75

3

t

t

-

6

t

Public
utilities *

8
80
4

-

6

93
3

t
t
t

t

t
-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

-

-

75

62
10
17
4
3

t

t
t

t
4
10
3

100
4

-

59
4
8
7
12
4

“

100

Retail trade

_

40
7
12
3
24

_

t

4

8

D a t a r e l a t e t o w o m e n w o r k e r s o n ly .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y ,
L e s s th a n 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .

Table B-4: Paid Holidays1
P E R C E N T OF O FF IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —

Ite m

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id h o l id a y s _______________________________________________
L e s s th a n 4 h o l id a y s
_______________ ___ _______
4 h o l id a y s __________________________________________________
4 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _______________________
5 h o l id a y s ________________ ____
__ ________________
5 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y __________________________
5 h o l id a y s p lu s 6 h a l f d a y s _______________________
6 h o lid a y s
______________________ ___________
_ ____ _
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _____________________ __
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s _______________________
7 h o lid a y s
___
_
_
________
8 h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________________
8 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ___________ ___________
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s _______________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id h o l id a y s __________________________________________

1
2
3
t
*
**

All
,
industries *

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities *

Retail trade

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K ER S E M P L O Y E D I N —

Finance * *

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

88
_

87

-

38
_

t

100
-

99
-

89
4

7

4

-

39

100
-

93

t

13

t

-

-

-

t

t

5
-

-

20

15

14

32

18

22

19

11

8

t

5

t

18

t

t

6

-

5

-

23

50

18

-

t

-

33
3

19

33

t

-

t

8
50

20

t

_

11

-

_

t

t

t

-

-

4
22

9
34

-

t

3
4

-

t

t

-

-

-

-

-

-

t

t

t

-

11

30
_

30

-

8

20

-

t
t
t

100

.

46

E s t i m a t e s r e l a t e to f u l l - d a y h o l id a y s p r o v i d e d a n n u a l ly .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




All
.
industries

-

_

41
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

7

12

13

t

_

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1956
U . S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s

15

T a b le B-5:

Paid V a c a tio n s

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N V a c a t io n p o lic y

All
,
industries 1

A ll w o rk e rs

Manufacturing

100

Public
utilities *

100

100

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —
All
2
industries *

Finance**

Retail trade

100

100

100

Manufacturing

100

Public
utilities *

100

Retail trade

100

M ETHOD OF PAYM ENT
W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------

99

99

100

100

100

98

98

100

96

99

99

100

100

100

-

-

-

"

90
9

100

•

93
5

93
3

t

t

-

-

*

t

t

-

4

1 w eek o r m o re 6 m o n t h s -------1 y e a r ------------2 y e a r s -----------

99
56
99
99

99
43
99
99

100
73
100
100

100
13
100
100

100
72
100
100

98
15
98
98

98
4
98
98

100
54

96
15
96
96

2 w eeks or m o re
6 m o n t h s -------1 y e a r -----------2 y e a r s ----------3 y e a r s ----------5
y e a r s -------10 y e a r s ---------

98

98
t
63
88
96
98
98

100
41
87
98
98
100

98
15
81
89
96
98

100

t
67
89
93
97
98

t
100
100
100
100
100

90
18
48
74
88
90

90
11
36
74
90
90

3 w eek s o r m o re
3
y e a r s -------5 y e a r s ----------10 y e a r s -------15 y e a r s -------20 y e a r s -------25 y e a r s --------

60
3
9
51
58
60

62
-

93
-

50
-

4 w eek s o r m o re
20 y e a r s --------25 y e a r s --------

16

L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t -----------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t -------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g n o
p a id v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y
A N D S E R V IC E P E R IO D 3

t
16

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b l e .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .




5
21
61
61
62

t
75
92
93
7
7
7

15
15

69
88
99
100

32

D a lla s ,

48

t
t
3
38
41
43

t
t
5
47
47
48

90
71
81
90

21
3
21

32
-

43

8
t
8

7
7

14
14
14

T e x . , O c t o b e r 1956

an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

U .S .

D EPARTM ENT OF LABOR

B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s

NOTE:

100
30

53
3
6
44
53
53

t
t
38
46
50

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,
c o m m u n ic a t io n ,

99
100

In th e t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t io n a l l o w a n c e b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , "
s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u i v a l e n t t i m e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k ’s p a y .

90
19
66
76
88
90
30
t
t
17
25
30
10
10

16
T a b le B-5:

Paid V a c a tio n s - C o n tin u e d

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
V a c a t io n p o lic y
AU
1
industries1

Public
utilities *

Manufacturing

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Finance**

AU
industries *

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

P R E D O M IN A N T P R A C T IC E S A F T E R
S E L E C T E D Y E A R S O F S E R V IC E
A fte r 1 y e a r:
A fte r 2 y e a rs :
A fte r 3 y e a rs:
A fte r 5 y e a rs:
A f t e r 10 y e a r s :
A f t e r 15 y e a r s :

A f t e r 20 y e a r s :
A f t e r 25 y e a r s :

1
2
2
2

w e e k ---------------------------------------w e e k s ------------------------------------w e e k s — — — ----- —------- — —
w e e k s -------------------------------------

2 w eeks
2 w eeks
2 w eeks
3 w eeks

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2
3
2
3

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

w eeks
w eeks
w eeks
w eeks

XXX

79

XXX

81
89

100
100
100

XXX

87
98

97
78
51

86
83
52
XXX

48
73

4

64

77
XXX

69
88

66
76

99
100

87

XXX

89
72

47

85

XXX

XXX

XXX

56

63
88
96

61
73
88
79

XXX

66
88
93

87
XXX

XXX

71

XXX

93
82

89
76

98
99

XXX

XXX

XXX

96
98
61

51

61

75

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

52

XXX

49

XXX

XXX

64

56

61

86

XXX

49
47

XXX

47
42

66

XXX

46

XXX

60

XXX

XXX

XXX

76

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

48

42

46

86

XXX

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d i v i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , the c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
i n c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g 3 w e e k s * p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 5 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e w h o r e c e i v e 3 w e e k s ' o r
m o re p a y a ft e r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
4 1 w eek.
f L e s s th an 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .

Ta b le B-6:

H e a lth , Insurance, a nd P e n sio n P la n s

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
T y p e o f p la n

A l l w o r k e r s _______________________

AU
industries 1

__

__________________

100

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

Retail trade

Finance * *

AU
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities =
1
=

Retail trade

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
L ife

92

in s u r a n c e

A c c id e n t a l d e a th a n d d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ___________ ______ _________________________
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e
o r s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 3 ____________________________
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e ___________
S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y a n d no
w a itin g p e r i o d )
S ic k le a v e (p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d )
_______________________________
H o s p it a liz a t io n in s u r a n c e
.
.
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n c e
M e d ic a l in s u ra n c e
_ _
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e _____________________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n
N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n _______

96

99

89

83

86

89

98

79

47

62

44

65

36

49

52

50

52

68
33

81
64

76
15

64
20

57
15

58
45

61
59

85
42

43
21

39

50

29

16

41

9

t

22

12

t

90
94
54
9
80

40
43
42
35
10
87

4
84
77
67
22

t

11
79
77
46
13
54
6

3
86
87
48
9
56
5

35
51
49
26
14
88

t

40
78
73
59
43
58
4

20
71
66
45
25
44
9

13
78
75
55
19
69
4

59
9

1 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 U n d u p l ic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w .
S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e w h i c h
th e m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y 's p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n fo r m a l s ic k - l e a v e a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .
■f
*

L e s s th a n 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c l u d i n g

* * F in a n c e ,




in s u r a n c e ,

and

r a ilr o a d s ),
real

c o m m u n ic a t io n ,

a n d o t h e r p u b l ic

t

d e f i n i t e ly

e s t a b lis h at le a s t

u t ilit ie s .

esta te.
O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s

17

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau*s job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau*s field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

Office

BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc. Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
m ents business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or ac­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

18

CLERK, FILE
Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating m a­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK,

ORDER

Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

K EY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine. Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRE1ARY
Perform s secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

CLERK, PAYR O LL
STENOGRAPHER, G ENERAL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

Prim ary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Prim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Prim ary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take messages. May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

19

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

P r ofessional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems.. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

a nd

Technical

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

20

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

Mai ntenance

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

and

Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one~~engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician^ handtools and measuring
and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

21

MACHINE-TOOL, OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance*
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning ana laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinists handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist*s work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re ­
ducers. In general, the m illwrights work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (M AINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; aisassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of* such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER , MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

22

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SH EET-M E TAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re ­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
rimarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
eating systems are excluded,

and laying out ail types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUM BER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves; Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

a nd

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, o* other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

23

LABORER, M ATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers* houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re ­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ U. S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : 1957 O -416797




Bulletins in This Series
O ccu p a tio n a l wage su rveys are b ein g conducted in 17 m ajor labor m arkets during la te 1956 and e arly 1957. B u lle tin s for the fo l­
lowing a re a s are now a v a ila b le and may be p u rch ased from the Superintendent of D ocu m ents, Government P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington 25, D. C .,
or from any of the reg io n al s a le s o f fic e s lis te d below . A s ad ditional b u lle tin s becom e a v a ila b le , they w ill be lis te d in su b seq u en t is s u e s .




L a b o r Market
S e a ttle , Wash.
B u ffa lo , N. Y .
C le v e la n d , Ohio

B L S B u lle tin
Number

Survey P eriod
August 1956
Septem ber 1956
O ctob er 1956

1202-1
1202-2
1 2 0 2 -3

P r ic e
25 ce n ts
2 5 ce n ts
25 c e n ts

Regional Sales Offices

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
18 Oliver Street
Boston 10, Mass.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
50 Seventh Street, N. E .
Atlanta 23, Ga.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
341 Ninth Avenue
New York 1, N. Y.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
105 West Adams Street
Chicago 3, 111.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
630 Sansome Street
San Fran cisco 11, Calif.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102