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Occupational Wage Survey

BUFFALO, NEW YORK
( ERIE AND NIAGARA COUNTIES )

S EP TEM B ER 1956

Bulletin No. 1202-2

UN ITED STA TES DEPA RTM EN T OF LA BO R
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



B U R E A U O F LA B O R S TA TIS TIC S
Ew a n Cl a go*, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
B U FFA LO , NEW YO RK
( ERIE AND NIAGARA COUNTIES )




SEPTEMBER 1956

B u lle tin N o . 1 2 0 2 -2
U N ITED STA TES DEPA RTM EN T O F LA BO R
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREA U

O F LA B O R

S TA TISTIC S

Ew an Clague, Commissioner
January 1957

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Community Wage Survey P rogram
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regu larly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centerso
The studies, made from late fa ll to ea rly spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits,,
A p relim in a ry report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied,,
This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the e a rlie r report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin sum m arizing the results of a ll of the y e a rfs surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.




In trodu ction -------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends fo r selected occupational groups ---------------------------

1
3

Tables:
1.
20

A:

B:

Establishments and w orkers within scope of s u r v e y --------Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups, and
percent of increase fo r selected periods ---------------------Occupational earnings * A - l : Office occu pation s---------------------------------------------A - 2: P rofession al and technical occu pations----------------A - 3: Maintenance and powerpiant occu pation s--------------A - 4: Custodial and m aterial movement occu pation s------Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions * B - l: Shift differen tial p r o v is io n s --------------------------------B-2: Minimum entrance rates fo r women office
w orkers -----------------B -3: Scheduled w eekly hours -------------------------------------B-4: Paid holidays ----------------------------------------------------B-5: Paid vacations ---------------------------B-6: Health, insurance, and pension plans -------------------

Appendix:

Job descriptions -------------------------------------------------- —

* NO TE: Sim ilar tabulations fo r most of these items a re
available in the Buffalo area reports fo r January 1950,
January 1952, A p ril 1953, and September 1954. The 1954
report also included data on frequency of wage payments,
and pay provisions fo r holidays falling on nonworkdays. A
d irectory indicating date of study and the price of the r e ­
ports, as w ell as reports fo r other m ajor areas, is a va ila ­
ble upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and supple­
m entary wage practices in the Buffalo area are also a va ila ­
ble fo r m achinery industries (January 1956), industrial
chemicals (August 1955), hotels (June 1955), and power
laundries and dry cleaners (June 1955). Union scales,
indicative of prevailin g pay le ve ls, are available fo r the
follow ing trades or industries: Building construction, p rin t­
ing, loca l-tra n sit operating em ployees, and m otortruck
d rivers .

2
3
5
8
8
10

13
14
15
15
16
17
19




Occupational Wage Survey - Buffalo, N. Y. *
Introduction
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) fo r which
straight-tim e salaries are paid; average weekly earnings fo r these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

The Buffalo area is one of severa l important industrial centers
in which the Department of L a b o r’s Bureau of Labor Statistics has
conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areawide basis.
In each area, data are obtained by personal
visits of Bureau field agents to representative establishments within
six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation (excluding
ra ilroa d s), communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
reta il trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services . M ajor
industry groups excluded from these studies, besides railroads, are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having few er than a prescribed number of w orkers are
omitted also because they furnish insufficient employment in the occu­
pations studied to w arrant inclusion. 1 W herever possible, separate
tabulations are provided fo r each of the broad industry divisions.

Occupational employment estim ates represent the total in a ll
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
a lly surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained
from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the
relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occu­
pational structure do not m a terially affect the accuracy of the earnings
data.
Establishment P ractices and Supplementary Wage Provision s
Information is presented also (in the B -s eries tables) on s e ­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they
relate to office and plant w orkers.
The term ’’office w o r k e r s ,” as
used in this bulletin, includes a ll office cleric a l employees and ex ­
cludes adm inistrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
’’Plant w o rk ers” include working forem en and all nonsupervisory w ork­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Adm inistrative, executive, professional, and technical em ployees, and
force-account construction employees who are utilized as a separate
work fo rce are excluded.
Cafeteria w orkers and routemen are e x ­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant w orkers
in nonmanufacturing industries.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying a ll establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of sm all establishments is studied. In combining the "data, how­
ever, a ll establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as r e ­
lating to a ll establishments in the industry grouping and area, except
for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected fo r study are common to a va riety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational c la s­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of inter establishment variation in duties within the same
job (see appendix fo r listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) fo r the follow ing types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerica l; (b) professional and technical; (c) m ainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and m aterial movement.

Shift differen tial data (table B - l) are lim ited to manufacturing
industries.
This information is presented both in term s of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 2 presented in term s of total plant w orker em ploy­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differen tials, the amount applying to
a m a jority was used or, if no amount applied to a m ajority, the cla s­
sification ” other” was used.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w orkers, i . e . , those hired to w ork a regular w eekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but co st-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office c le ric a l occupations, reference is

Minimum entrance rates (table B -2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis.
Scheduled hours; paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statis­
tica lly on the basis that these a re applicable to a ll plant or office

* This report was prepared in the Bureau’ s regional office in
New York, N. Y. , by F red erick W. M u eller, under the direction of
Paul E. Warwick, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See table 1 fo r m inim um -size establishment covered.




2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the follow ing conditions: ( l ) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late shifts.

( 1)

2

w orkers i f a m a jo rity of such w orkers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices listed. 3 Because of rounding, sums of indi­
vidual items in these tabulations do not n ecessarily equal totals.
The summary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
ments, excluding inform al plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the em ployer.
Separate estimates are provided
according to em ployer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis w ere converted; fo r example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 w eek ’ s pay.
Data are presented fo r all health, insurance, and pension
plans fo r which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workm en’ s compensation and
social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com m er­
cial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or paid
d irectly by the em ployer out of current operating funds or from a fund
set aside fo r this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of in­
surance under which predeterm ined cash payments are made d irectly
to the insured on a w eekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
em ployer contributes. H owever, in New York and New Jersey, which

have enacted tem porary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions, 4 plans are included only if the em ployer ( l ) con­
tributes m ore than is leg a lly required, or (2) provides the em ployee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law.
Tabulations
of paid sick -lea ve plans are lim ited to form al plans 5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w o rk e r’ s pay during absence from w ork
because of illn ess.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
( l ) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of w orkers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, and unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who re ceive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes re fe rre d to as extended
m edical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
em ployees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the norm al coverage of hospitalization, m edical, and surgical plans.
M edical insurance re fers to plans providing fo r complete or partial
payment of doctors’ fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insu red. Tabulations of retirem ent pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide monthly payments fo r the rem ainder of the
w o rk e r’ s life .

4 The tem porary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a form al plan if
3
Scheduled w eekly hours fo r office w orkers (fir s t section it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
of
table B-3) are presented in term s of the proportion of women office
could be expected by each em ployee. Such a plan need not be written,
w orkers employed in offices with the indicated w eekly hours fo r women
but inform al sick leave allowances, determined on an individual b a sis,
w o rk ers.
w ere excluded.
TA.BLE 1;

E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs within scope of survey and number studied in Buffalo (E rie and N ia g a ra Counties), N. Y . , 1 by m ajor industry division, Septem ber 1956

Industry division

M inim um
employment
in e stab lish ­
ments in scope
of study

N um ber of establishm ents
Within
scope of
study 2

W o rk e rs in establishm ents

Studied

Within scope of study

Studied

Total 3

Office

Plant

Total 3

A ll divisions ________________________________________________________________

51

735

230

262, 200

32,100

186,900

183, 930

M anufacturing ______________________________________________________________
Nonm anufacturing _____________________ _________ _________________________
>
Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s ), communication,
and other public u tilitie s4 ____________ ______________________________
W holesale t r a d e __________________________________________ _____________
R etail trade ______________________________________________________________
Finance, insurance, and re a l e s t a t e _________________________________
S ervices 6 ________________________________________________________________

51
51

402
333

131
99

188,300
73,900

16, 500
13,600

140, 600
46,300

143,080
40, 850

51
51
51
51
51

63
68
117
32
53

26
16
26
14
17

18,900
7, 500
30, 500
7, 800
9, 200

2, 600
( 5)
( 5)
( 5)
( 5)

11, 300
( 5)
(* )
( 5)
( 5)

14, 790
2, 670
14,450
4, 200
4, 740

1 The B u ffalo M etropolitan A re a (E rie and N ia g a ra Counties).
The "w o rk e rs within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and compo­
sition of the lab o r force included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve as a b a sis of com parison with other a re a employment indexes to m easure employment trends or levels
since ( l ) planning of w age surveys re q u ire s the use of establishm ent data com piled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2 ) sm all establishm ents a re excluded fro m the scope of survey.
2 Includes a ll establishm ents with total employment at or above the m in im u m -size lim itation.
A ll outlets (within the a r e a ) of com panies in such in dustries as trade, finance, auto re p a ir service,
and m otion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishm ent.
3 Includes executive, technical, pro fessio n al and other w o rk e rs excluded fro m the separate office and plant categories.
4 A lso excludes taxicabs, and serv ic e s incidental to w ater transportation included in e a r lie r studies.
5 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the Series A and B tables, although coverage was insufficient to justify separate presentation of data.
^ Hotels; person al serv ic e s; business se rv ic e s; autom obile rep a ir shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and arch itectu ral se rv ic e s.




3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

The table below presents indexes of salaries of office c le ric a l
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant w orker groups.
F o r office c le ric a l w orkers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries fo r normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule fo r which straight-tim e salaries are paid.
F o r plant w orker groups, they measure changes in straight-tim e hourly
earnings, excluding prem ium pay fo r overtim e and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include m ost of the num erically important
jobs within each group. The office c le ric a l data are based on women in
the follow ing 18 jobs: B ille r s , machine (billing machine); bookkeepingmachine operators, class A and B; Comptometer operators; clerk s, file ,
class A and B; clerk s, order; clerk s, payroll; key-punch operators;
office g irls; secreta ries; stenographers, general; switchboard opera­
tors; switchboard operator-reception ists; tabulating-machine operators;
transcribing-m achine operators, general; and typists, class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are based on women industrial n u rses. Men
in the following 10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs w ere
included in the plant w orker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians;
machinists; mechanics; mechanics, automotive; m illw rights; painters;
pipefitters; sheet-m etal w orkers; and tool and die makers; unskilled—
janitors, p o rters, and cleaners; la b o rers, m aterial handling; and
watchmen.
A verage weekly salaries or average
computed fo r each of the selected occupations.
or hourly earnings w ere then m ultiplied by the
and September 1954 employment in the job.

hourly earnings were
The average salaries
average of A p ril 1953
These weighted earn­

ings for individual occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an a g g re­
gate fo r each occupational group.
F in a lly, the ratio of these group
aggregates for a given year to the aggregate fo r the base period (survey
month, winter 1952-53) was computed and the result m ultiplied by the
base year index (100) to get the index for the given year.
The indexes m easure, principally, the effects of ( l ) general
salary and wage changes; (2) m erit o r other increases in pay received
by individual w orkers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor fo rce such as labor turnover, fo rce expansions, fo rce reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of w orkers employed by estab­
lishments with differen t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the labor fo rce can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. F o r example, a fo rce expansion might increase
the proportion of low er paid w orkers in a specific occupation and r e ­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of low er paid w orkers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights elim inates the effects
of changes in the proportion of w orkers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtim e, since they
are based on pay fo r straight-tim e hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1956 for w orkers in 15 other
m ajor labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1188, Wages and Related
Benefits, 17 Labor M arkets, 1955-56.

TABLE 2: Indexes of standard w eekly sa la ries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Buffalo (E rie and
N iagara C ounties), N. Y ., Septem ber 1954 and Septem ber 1956 and p ercents of in crease for selected periods
Indexes
P ercen t in c re a se s from —
(April 1953 = 100)
Industry and occupational group
Septem ber 1954
A pril 1953
January 1952
Septem ber
Septem ber
to
to
to
1956
1954
Septem ber 1956
Septem ber 1954
April 1953
A ll industries:
Office clerica l (w om en )____________________________
115. 2
105. 3
9 .4
5. 3
9 .3
Industrial n u rses (women)
117. 1
7.7
107. 9
8. 6
7 .9
Skilled m aintenance (men) _________________________
106. 7
119. 5
6. 7
7 .5
12. 0
U nskilled plant (m e n )_____________________________
118. 2
107.6
7 .6
8. 1
9 .9
Manufacturing:
O ffice clerica l (women)
116. 7
106. 3
9 .8
6. 3
9. 1
Industrial n u rses (women) _______________________
117. 7
107. 8
7. 8
6 .8
9 .2
Skilled m aintenance (men)
106. 7
6. 7
7 .2
119. 5
11.9
U nskilled plant (m e n )_____________________________
118. 9
107. 8
10.4
7. 8
7 .7




January 1952
to
Septem ber 1956
2 5.9
2 6 .2
28. 5
27. 8
2 7.3
25. 8
28. 1
28. 0




5

A : Occupational Earnings

T a b le A - l : O ffice O c c u p a t io n s
(A v erage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a basis
in Buffalo (E rie and N ia g a ra Counties), N. Y. , by industry division, Septem ber 1956)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
W
eekly
Weekly
30. 00
hours 1 earnings1
(Standard) (Standard)
35. 00

$
35. 00

$
40. 00

“
40. 00

“
45. 00

$
45. 00

$
50. 00

50. 00

~
55. 00

$
55. 00
60. 00

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

$
$
$
70. 00 75. 00 80. 00

$
$
85. 00 90. 00

65. 00

“
70.00

75. 00

90. 00

80.00

85. 00

$
$
$
$
$
95. 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115. 00
"
■
and
95. 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105. 00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 over

Men
ri

1
i
.
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------

357
2Z5
174
51
132
37

39.0
39.5
40.0
39.0
38. 5
39.0

8 6 .0 0
92.00
91.50
94. 00
75. 50
87. 00

C le rk s, accounting, class B -------------------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------E rie County -------------------------------------------------------------N ia g a ra County ---------------------------------------------------------

146
105
75
30

39. 5
39.5
39. 5
39. 5

80.
83.
82.
87.

C le rk s, ord er ____________________________________ ___________
M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------E rie County --------------------------------------------------------------

199
116
99

C le rk s, pay ro ll -----------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------E rie County --------------------------------------------------------------

4
-

8
1

18
2

4

36
1
1
35

1
7

"

12
8
6
2

14
3
1
2

-

4
-

4
-

21
16
16
5

2
16
3

33
23
22
1
10
4

30
17
8
9
13
3

51
33
24
9
18
14

68
49
39
10
19
12

17
16
12
4
1

20
17
14
3
3

9
6
6
-

5
4
4
-

25
17
14
3

28
26
16
10

21
14
12
2

12
10
6
4

6
6
4
2

7
6
4
2

-

15
3
3

19
6
6

26
17
16

14
2
2

8
8
7

10
10
8

14
9
8

1
1
*

3
3
1

1
1
-

7
7
4

5
5
4

10
10
7

12
12
12

11
11
7

2
2
2

1
1
1

16
13
4

6
6

-

-

-

4
2
2

8
8
4

9
9
4

10
10
4

7
6
4

8
3
2

5
3
3
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

50
50
00
50

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

40.0
39. 5
40. 0

92. 0 0
97. 50
96.00

_
-

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

101
97
80

40. 0
40. 0
40.0

98. 50
98. 50
101.50

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

Office boys -------------------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------E rie County --------------------------------------------------------------

103
77
52

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

52. 50
53. 50
48. 00

_
-

3
-

37
30
30

19
13
8

8
1
-

Tabulating-m achine operators ----------------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------N ia g a ra County --------------------------------------------------------

87
69
25

39.0
59.5
39. 5

82. 00
84. 00
75. 00

_
-

_
-

.
-

4
-

B ille r s , machine (billing m achine) --------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------E rie County -------------------------------------------------------------N ia g a ra County -------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------

164
lO t
68
39
57

39. 0
"T9." "5
'
40.0
39.0
38. 5

58. 50
62.00
63. 00
6 0.0 0
51.50

B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping m achine) -----------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------

87
7l

38. 5
38. 0

Bookkeeping-m achine o p erato rs, class A ---------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------E rie County -------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------

151
64
52
87

Bookkeeping-m achine o p erato rs, class B ---------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------E rie County -------------------------------------------------------------N ia g a ra County -------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------------C le rk s, accounting, class A -------------------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------- :------------E rie C o u n ty -------------------------------------------------------------N ia gara C o u n ty -------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g---------------------------------------------------------

N ia g a ra C o u n ty ---------------------------------------------------------

8
7
3
4
1

16
16
12
4

27
27
*23
4

-

l

-

-

5
5
2
3

21
16
11

27
18
18

11
6
5

26
3 21
15

23
23
17

5
1
1

3
3
3

3
3
3

4 28
28
28

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
$
1

11
9
2

3
3
1

5
5
-

4
2
1

1
1
"

6
6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
"

-

-

-

"

-

3
3

-

-

1
1
1
_

-

-

-

-

_
“

_

_
-

42

-

-

11
10
9
1
1

15
12
3
9
3

22
21
18
3
1

25
21
14
7
4

9
2
1
1
7

21
17
4
13
4

14
14
14
-

-

2
5
35

53. 00
52. 00

_

2
Z

17
13

15
10

19
19

21
19

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

*

2
"

-

-

38. 5
40.0
40. 0
37. 5

65.00
72. 00
71.50
60. 0 0

_
-

_
-

13
13

10
10

10
1
1
9

6
5
4
1

40
17
15
23

22
18
14
4

19
9
9
10

13
13
8
-

-

-

14
14

463
10?
77
30
356

38.0
59.5
39.0
40. 0
3 7. 5

51.50
62. 50
64.50
58. 00
48. 50

_
-

_
-

180
3
_
3
177

52
14
8
6
38

34
26
22
4
8

46
19
17
2
27

6
5
2
3
1

22
21
16
5
1

3
3
1
2
-

16
10
10
_
6

1
1
1
_

-

103
------ 5
_
5
98

-

395
232
180
52
163

38. 5
38. 5
38. 5
39.5
38. 5

72. 50
73. 50
73. 00
76.00
71.00

-

-

_

-

_

_

5
4
4

15
11
9
2
4

37
17
14
3
20

42
25
16
9
17

72
45
39
6
27

54
16
15
1
38

67
46
25
21
21

53
38
34
4
15

28
12
12

Women

-

_

1

"

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
4
4

5
5
3
2

5
3
1
2
2

_

6
6
4
2

.

_

.

16

2

_

_
_
_

See footnotes at end of table.
Occupational W age Survey, Buffalo (E rie and N ia g a ra Counties), N. Y. , Septem ber 1956
* Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), communication, and other public utilities.
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R




B ureau of L a b o r Statistics

6

T a b le A-1: O ffice O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a re a basis
in Buffalo (E rie and N ia g a ra Counties), N . Y . , by industry division, Septem ber 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

W
eekly
Weekly
hours4
earnings1
(Standard) (Standard)

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
30. 00 35. 00 40.00 45. 00 50. 00 55.00 60.00 65. 00 70. 00 75.00 80. 00 85. 00 90.00 95. 00 100. 00 105.00 n o .
35.00

40.00

95. 00 100.00 105.

$
115. 00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

108
19
12
7
89
-

150
26
23
3
124
2

108
50
45
5
58

104
59
41
18
45
3

67
4l
24
17
26
3

32
28
21
7
4
1

26
22
11
11
4
4

33
27
7
20
6
6

12
7
3
4
5
3

12
5
3
2
7
7

4
4
3
1
-

-

~

-

-

-

24
1
1
23

6
2
2
4

36
9

11
11
4

7
6
3
1

8
------- 5“
4
3

17
17
17

4
3
2
1

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

146
78
66
68

66
66

1
1

.

-

-

-

.

-

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

17
6
6

-

85. 00

00

45. 00

-

-

90. 00

00

110.00

115.0 0

and
nv^r

Wom en - Continued
C le rk s , accounting, class B --------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------—-------------------------------------E rie C o u n ty --------------------------------------------------------------N ia g a ra C o u n ty ---------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g---------------------------------------------------------P u blic u t i l i t i e s * -------------------------------------------------------

726
£69
194
95
43 7
29

38.5
39.0
39.0
39.5
38.0
39.0

$
54.00
6 l . 00
58. 50
65.00
49.00
73.50

C le rk s , file , class A ---------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------------N ia g a ra C o u n ty ---------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g----------------------------------------------------------

161
7b
38
91

38. 5
39.5
39.5
37. 5

58. 50
69. 50
74.00
50.00

C le rk s , file , class B ---------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------------E rie C o u n ty ---------------------------------------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------

529
256
141
273

38. 5
59.5
39.5
37. 5

48.00
~ 5 5 7 5 ir
48. 50
41.50

C le rk s , o rd er — -----------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------------E rie C o u n ty ------------------------------------------------------------- —
N ia g a ra C o u n ty ---------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g-----------------------------------------------------------

168
106
79
27
62

39.5
39. 5
40.0
38. 5
39. 5

57. 00
6 l. 00
61.00
61. 00
50. 00

C le rk s , p a y r o l l -------------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing —--------------------------------------------------------------E rie C o u n ty ---------------------------------------------------------------N ia g a ra C o u n ty ---------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g-----------------------------------------------------------

473
373
281
92
100

39.
39.
39.
39.
39.

66. 00
67. 00
65. 50
70.00
63. 50

Com ptom eter o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------------E rie C o u n ty ---------------------------------------------------------------N ia g a ra C o u n ty ---------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------

534
234
204
30
300

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

57.00
63. 00
64.00
57. 50
52. 50

Duplicating-m achine operators (m im eograph or ditto)—
M a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------------E rie C o u n ty ----------------------------------------------------------------

85
68
52

39. 5
39.5
39.5

52. 50
52. 50
53. 00

Key-punch o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------------E r ie C o u n ty ---------------------------------------------------------------N ia g a ra C o u n ty ---------------------------------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g----------------------------------------------------------P u blic utilities * -------------------------------------------------------

350
236
168
68
114
36

39.5
39. 5
39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0

59. 00
6 1 . bo
61.00
61. 50
55.00
62. 50

Office g i r l s --------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------------E rie C o u n ty ---------------------------------------------------------------N ia g a ra C o u n ty ---------------------------------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g--------------------------------------- :
-------------------

187
ll9
71
48
68

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
38.0

47.00
49. Oo
47. 50
51.50
43. 00

0
0
0
5
0

5

64

_

-

5
-

64
-

_

19

_

-

-

19

22

107

_

-

22

107

-

6

-

-

-

6

-

-

11
4

27

-

89
32
27
57

62
50
28
12

24
17
10
7

9
9
8

3
3
2

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

34
22
17
5
12

48
32
28
4
16

12

6
6
6

1
1
1

1
1

4
4
4

1
1

3
5
4

13
13
9
4
-

2
2
2

_

_

-

71
61
56
5
10

65
58
46
12
7

95
76
60
16
19

36
27
20
7
9

42
23
19
4
19

77
49
48
1
28

8

-

-

13
8
7
1
5

14
i4
14
-

-

-

-

16
12
10
2
4

23
22
21
1
1

13
10
9
1
3

1
1
1

_
_
_
_

_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

_

1
1

1

.

_

_

.

„

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

.

.

_
_

1

.
_
_
_

■_

.
_

_
_
_

_

2

-

-

-

10

13

48
3
1
2
45

68
10
5
5
58

92
37
30
7
55

109
45
38
7
64

59
40
36
4
19

-

-

5

37
27
22

13
13
9

15
12
12

13
9
7

54
31
27
4
23
5

53
36
24
12
17
8

56
46
29
17
10
3

53
43
29
14
10
3

40
32
26
6
8
1

34
2b
14
6
14
12

26

37
" 33"
21
12
4

12

7
5
1
4
2

3
2
1
1
1

5
5

-

-

15
1

12

-

42

_

16

16
_

26

-

1
14
54
39
14
15
25

15"

10
8
8

10

7
3
2

_

-

13

12

2
-----T
2

1

26
19
17
2
7

-

-

_

_

45
45
15
30
-

10

3

_

_

-

4

1

_
_

28
24
12
12
4

-

-

1

1

1

1

_

-

'

_

1

_
_

1
-

-

-

“

_
_

-

-

21
8
2
6
13

-

-

-

-

-

9

...

-

-

_
-

-

13
9
5
4

31
15
12
3
16

See footnote at end of table.
* T ransportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), communication, and other public utilities,




-

14...
g

1
1
1

-

-

-

_

5

22
19
15
4
3
1

---------j—

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

-

_

_
_
_

-

-

-

_

_

1
1
_

_

_

_
_
_

.
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_

1
1
1

_
_
_

•

8
6
2
4
2
2

j

------ 1—
1

5
-------5“
5

-

1

_
_

_

_

_
_

_

_
_

_

-

-

-

.

.

.

_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

7

T a b le A - l : O ffice O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d
(A v erage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a basis
in Buffalo (E rie and N ia g a ra Counties), N. Y. , by industry division, Septem ber 1956)

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
Weekly
Weekly, 3 0 . 0 0
earnings1 a n d
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
3 5 .0 0
.

Wom en - Continued

$
7 6. 00

Secretaries --------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------------E rie C o u n ty ---------------------------------------N ia g a ra C o u n ty ---------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g----------------------------------Pu blic utilities * --------------------------------

1 ,2 3 1
814
539
275
417
87

39. 5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39. 5
38. 5

78. 00
8 1 .0 0
70. 00
84. 00

Stenographers, gen eral ------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------------E rie C o u n ty ---------------------------------------N ia g a ra C o u n ty ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------Pu blic utilities * --------------------------------

1 ,580
1 ,1 1 4
766
348
466
85

39. 0
39. 5
39. 5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
38. 0

6 4 .0 0
6 7 . 50
6 6 . 00
7 0 . 50
57. 00
6 9 .0 0

Stenographers, te c h n ic a l---------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------------N ia g a ra C o u n ty -----------------------------------

152
85
75

40. 0
'40. 0
4 0 .0

6 9 . 50
" 6 8 . 5 9"
6 7 . 50

Switchboard o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------------E rie County ---------------------------------------N ia g a ra C o u n ty ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------Pu blic u tilitie s* -------------------------------

339
l31
85
46
208
48

4 0 .0
40. 5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39. 5
39. 5

58.
68.
67.
7?.
52.
65.

Switchboard o p e ra to r-re c e p tio n is ts ---------Manufa c tu r ing ----------------------------------------E rie County ---------------------------------------N ia g a ra C o u n ty ---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------

465

215
65
185

39. 5
3 9 .5
39. 5
3 9 .0
39. 5

57. 00
58. 50
5 8 . 50
5 4. 00

Tabulating-m achine operators ------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------E rie County ---------------------------------------N ia g a ra C o u n ty ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------

153
95
50
45
58

3 9 .5
39. 5
39. 5
4 0 .0
' 3 9 .0

70. 00
7 5 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
7 5 . 50
6 2 .0 0

T ran scribin g-m ach in e operators, gen eral
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------E rie C o u n ty ----------------------------------------N ia g a ra C o u n ty ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------

314
174
129
45
140

39. 0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

54. 00
56. 00
5 8. 00
5 1 .0 0
5 1 .0 0

Typists, class A -----------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------------E rie C o u n t y ---------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------

545

39.0

6 1 .5 0
“5 7 )7 0 9
6 3 . 00
52. 50

Typist, class B -------------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------E rie County ---------------------------------------N ia g a ra C o u n ty ------------------- --------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------Pu blic utilities * --------------------------------

1
2
3
4
*

280

3 9 .0

234
158

3 9 .5
39. 5
38. 0

1 ,1 2 6
667
405
262
459
73

39. 0
....3 9 . 5
39. 5
4 0 .0
37. 5
39. 5

----- W T 1

79.00

50
50
50
00
00
50

59.00

5 2 . 50
"55750-"
5 2 . 50
6 2 . 50
4 6 . 50
5 3 .0 0

$

3 5 . 00

4 0 . 00

$

4 0. 00

$

45. 00

4 5. 00

2

50. 00

52
13
1
12
39
-

-

-

1

.

21
_
-

21

-

-

_

10

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
10
9

19
10
8

32
21
20

31
18
16

17
4
4

-

-

-

-

2
' 2

-

*

-

-

35
13
10
3
22
20

50
27
23
4
23
19

28
28
4
24

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
15
12
3
7
2

72
34
29
5
38

120
71
49
22
49

70
51
41
10
19

29
13
7
6
16

9
-

9
1
1

-

-

—

1
44
2

10

_

1

3

_

-

-

5
3

-

-

-

-

36

rs ~ ~

25
4

—

n ~

—

9

4

28

16

95

162

_
_

_

16

95

—

S ir - —

73

7
82
8

T5i

~ T o2

100
51
56
31

98
64
38
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

42
35
8
27
7

3
2
1
1
1

6
5
4
1
1

2
2
2

7
7
4
3

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

4
1
1

-

2
-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

~

-

"

-

4
4
4

5
5
4

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

7
5
4
1
2
2

2

_

_

.

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

Standard hours reflect the workweek fo r which em ployees receive their re g u la r straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours,
W ork ers w e re distributed as follow s: 21 at $115 to $120; 1 at $125 to $130; 1 at $140 to $145.
W ork ers w e re distributed as follow s: 8 at $115 to $120; 12 at $120 to $125; 1 at $125 to $130.
A ll w o rk ers w ere at $115 to $120.
Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), communication, and other public utilities.




-

-

-

53

-

-

110
l08
2
106
2
2

72
12
135
12

-

-

-

-

Ill
1 11
16

36
30
24
6
6
2

-

-

24
24
22

72
45
30
15
27
8

-

-

-

65

200

-

-

-

84

207

-

-

-

61
T U ~ — ?Z
8
26
44
19

219

-

2
2
2

21
11
9
2
10

59

-

14
10
8
2
4

17
14
10
4
3

50
6

-

-

10
10
7
3

52
26

-

-

-

3

55

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

10
10
10

-

-

-

38
34
27
7
4

84
53
41
31

-

-

-

7
7
6
1

60

-

-

-

18
12
10
2
6

41

3
3
3

-

4

44
£8
24
4
16

4

2
2
1
1

-

-

-

41
27
20
7
14

_

2
2

"

-

7

87
59
49
10
28

10
21

-

4
4
2
2

14
13
4
9
1
1

-

7

8

8

-

151
rzrr~

9

64
20
9
11
44

-

-

27
14
10
4
13

-

31
10

-

140
88
74
14
52

3
2

3

-

8 ~~

8
30
16
14
2
14

11
7

-

8

7
7
7

43

68
32
32

_

6
6
4
2

-

-

1

7
1

45
1

48
1

-

8

15

32
23
13
10
9

-

38
38
30
8

8
5
6

3

-

-

137
131
36
95
6

-------- T ~ --------

48

_

208
164
91
73
44
34

3

_
_

1

154
137
98
39
17
12

8

95
25
31
19

249
174
130
44
75
12

10

------- T ~

44
10
25
5
14
5

260
184
167
17
76
2

5
-

-

51
36
23
13
15
12

206
91
67
24
115
3

22

-

-

65
44
16
28
21
4

89
41
33
8
48
3

_

4

-

-

163
120
52
68
43
29

122
56
33
23
66
2

2

-

173
149
115
34
24
11

61
24
17
7
37
4

-

10

177
131 "
97
34
46
16

44
3
1
2
41
1

22
_

5

142
113
76
37
29
2

-

6
2
2

_
_
_

_

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
5 0 . 0 0 5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0
and
5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 o v e r

$

-

'

8

Ta b le A -2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
in B uffalo (E rie and N ia g a ra Counties), N . Y . , by industry division, Septem ber 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Num
ber
of

Sex, occupation, and industry division

—
is
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
1
$
E--------] $
Is
—
i
W
eekly l 5 0 . 0 0 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 lio .o d 115.00; 120.00 125.00 130.00 M 5.00
W
eeklyj
and
(Standard) (Standard)
- 1
- |
55. 00 60. 00 i>5.,QQ 70. 00 X5...QQ. 80. Q 85.00 9iL-flQ .95,00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.001120.0(>125.00 130.00 135.00 ^40.00
Q
1

Men
________ _
D raftsm en, le a d e r _________
M anufacturing ____ ________ _________
E rie County _____________
______

53
53
47

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

$
138. 50
138.50
139.50
108.50
109.50
109.50
98. 50

0
0
0
0

-

D raftsm en, senior ____
__ __ _________
M anufacturing ___________ _____________
E r ie County
_ ---Nonmanufacturing
_ _
_

727
660
427
67

40.
40.
40.
39.

D raftsm en, junior
M anufacturing __________________ ______
E r ie County
________________________
N ia g a ra C o u n ty _______ _____________

487
464
322
142

39.5
40. 0
39.5
40. 0

78.
78.
76.
81.

00
00
00
50

36
36
35
1

223
208
143
65

39.5
40.0
40. 0
39.5

82.
83.
82.
85.

00
00
00
00

-

-

-

4

-

-

14
6
6
8

1
1
-

2
2
2

2
2
2

2
2
2

68
59
54
9

73
63
45
10

92
89
46
3

108
91
47
17

129
126
40
3

34
32
232

75
175—
54
!
21

28
28
8
20

! 20
! 20
8
12

7
7
6
1

35
30
15
; 15

17
11
9
6

-

31
31
20
11

12
12
3
9

2
2
1
1

-

7
7
6
-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

7
7
6
1

!

22
21
17
4

37
36
27
9

63
63
41
22

64
6l
37
24

4
4
1
3

16
14
13
1

56
56
44
12

-

127
109
82
27

7
5
4
1

-

51
50
38
12

26
22
21
4

1
I

-

-

!

_

1
1
1

9
9
8

1

3
1
1
3 !
l
1
3 !
|
' 24 1 15
24
15
i 20
9
"
-

,
1
'
1
i
1 38

i 56
1 53
40
3

36

35
2

i
-j----------

-

I

i
-

L

11
11
11

j

1
I
i

5
5
5

I

i

16
— T5—
16

7
“

!
—

7

-

|

-

!

-

1

-

;

-

IT “
$
is
IT "
140.0Q145.00 150.00 155.0C
- i
and
j
! 145.00 150.00155 .00 over

'

7
7
7

i !
1
1
-

2
2
2
-

9
9
7

-

,

-

-

-

;

-

-

‘

I

i

-

-

!

-

-

Women
N u rse s, industrial (re g is te re d ) _____ __
M anufacturing _______________ ___ __ _
E r ie County
__ ____________ ______
N ia g a ra C o u n ty ______________________

-

1
-

1

1

-

1

l _ .

E

1
1
1

2
2
2

i
i

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

!
!
1_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1

. J

-

-

1

j

i_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ;

Standard hours reflect the workweek fo r which em ployees receive their re g u la r straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.

Table A-3:

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(A v e ra g e hourly earnings fo r men in selected occupations studied on an a re a b a sis in Buffalo
(E r ie and N ia g a ra Counties), N. Y . , by industry division, Septem ber 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
Average
hourly
1.30
earnings 1 and
under
1.40

C arp en ters, maintenance .
.....
M anufacturing
E rie County
N ia g a ra County
Nonmanufacturing
_

_ .
.......
___

.......
E le c tric ia n s, maintenance
Manufacturing
E rie County
N ia g a ra County
____
N on m an u factu rin g____________________________
E n gin eers, stationary
M anufacturing
E r ie County
N ia g a ra Ccmnty
Nonm anufacturing

...

_ _
... .

„ _

F ire m e n , stationary b o ile r
M anufacturing
E r ie County ___________ __
_______ __
N ia g a r a County ____________________ __
N n n m a n n fa r tn

505
406
324
82
99

$
2. 50
2.51
2.54
2.42
2.44

1,536
1,467
1,107
3 60
69

2. 63
2 . 64
2. 69
2.48
2.43

723
544
383
161
179

2.34
2.41
2.44
2.36
2. 12

625
547
312
235
78

2.07
2. 11
2. 12
2.11
1.73

$

1.40
1. 50

$

1.50
1.60

$

1. 60

$
1.70

$
1.80

$
1.90

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2.20

$
2.30

$
2.40

$
2.50

$ ,
2. 60

$
2.70

$
2. 80

$
2. 90

$
3.00

$
3.10

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2. 10

2.20

2. 30

2.40

2.50

2. 60

2. 70

2.80

2. 90

3.00

3. 10

3.20

9
8
6
2
1

13
11
7
4
2

24
24
21
3
-

92
62
57
5
30

76
71
24
47
5

71
64
43
21
7

80
80
80

21
21
21

18
18
18

32
32
32

_

_

26
1
1

-

-

-

-

_

-

2 25

179
175
83
92
4

168
168
112
56
-

292
285
117
168
7

286
254
227
27
32

129
129
129

20
20
20

149
149
139
10

10

181
181
181
_
_
_

.
_
_
-

.
_
_
-

10
_
10

8
_
_
8

5
_
_
5

12
9
9
3

8
5
5
_
3

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
-

1
_
_
1

6
_
_
_
6

4
2
2
_
2

_
_
_
_
-

12
11
7
4
1

7
5
5
_
2

39
30
30
_
9

53
52
49
3
1

4
_
_
_
4

12
_
_
_
12

6
_
_
_
6

6
_
_
_
6

57
51
36
15
6

93
37
29
8
56

22
15
15
_
7

53
27
18
9
26

145
102
54
48
43

110
103
59
44
7

81
75
47
28
6

80
80
71
9

21
21
21
-

-

2
_
_
2

19
8
8
_
11

41
18
16
2
23

63
53
13
40
10

63
44
30
14
19

37
31
18
13

62
57
36
21
5

139
137
91
46
2

76
76
24
52

54
54
29
25

41
41
19
22

13
13
13

3
3
3

12
12
12

_
_

27
27
27
_
_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_

6

-

_

_

-

2
2
2

_

—

r

6
_
4
4
4
4
_
_
_
_
-

_

_
_
_
-

$
3.20
and

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

See footnotes at end of table.
Occupational W age Survey, Buffalo (E r ie and N ia g a ra C ounties), N . Y . , Septem ber 1956
* Transportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), communication, and other public utilities.
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B ureau of L a b o r Statistics




-

9

Ta b le A -3 :

M aintenance and P o w e rp la n t O ccupations - C ontinued

(A v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r m en in se le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a s is in B u ffa lo
(E r i e and N ia g a r a C o u n tie s), N . Y . , b y in d u stry d iv isio n , S e p te m b e r 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Number
of

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv isio n

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e _
_
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____
„ —
E r i e County
__ _____
___
N ia g a r a C o u n t y _
_
_____
N o n m an u factu rin g __
_
P u b lic u tilitif 3 * __ ___ ___

__
_____

$
Average
$
$
hourly
1.40
1.30
1.50
earnings 1
under
1.40
1.50
1.60
$
2 .1 6
4
7
2. 18
4
2.21
4
2 .0 4
1.87
7
1 .90
-

__ __ __ __
___ ___ _
_

1.785
1, 659
1,384
275
126
89

M a c h in e -to o l o p e r a t o r s , to o lro o m
_______ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____ __ _________ _________ _
_
E r ie County
__ __ __ _____ _____ __
N ia g a r a County ______ __ __ __ __ __

836
82T6
712
124

2. 51
2.51
2.51
2.50

_

1,202
1, 197
902
295

2 .5 6
2 .5 6
2 .5 7
2. 55

M e c h a n ic s , autom otive (m ain ten an ce) _
M a n u fa c tu rin g _ __ __ __ __
E r i e County
_________________ _________
N ia g a r a County ______________ _____ __
N on m an u factu rin g
___________
__ _____ _
_
P u b lic u tilities * __ _____ __ _ _ _ _ _

579
177
144
33
402
334

2 .2 6
2 .3 9
2 .3 8
2 .4 4
2.21
2.22

_
_
-

M e c h a n ic s , m a in t e n a n c e _
_ __ __
_________ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________ ___
__ _________
E r i e C o u n t y ___________ _________ __ __
N ia g a r a County
______
_ _____________

1,752
1, 648
1, 196
452

2. 52
2.52
2 .5 8
2 .3 6

_
_

M i l l w r i g h t s ___ ______________________ ___
___
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____ __ __ __ _____
__ _
_
_________ ___
_
_
E r i e C o u n t y __________
N ia g a r a County ______ _____ __ __ __

1, 112
1, 112
719
393

2 .5 4
2 .5 4
2 .5 9
2 .4 5

O ile r s _
_ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
-------- ----- ----M a n u fa c t u r in g ____ _________ __ __ __ ----- _
_____ _______________
___ _
E r i e County
N ia g a r a County _____________________ __ __

659
— 5215
468
158

2. 17
2 .1 9
2 .2 4
2. 04

428
355
216
139
73

2 .2 3
2.31
2 .2 9
2 .3 3
1.8 6

P ip e fit t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e _ ___
_
_____ __
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____ __ ____________________
E r i e C o u n t y _______________ __ ---------------N ia g a r a C o u n t y __ ___
_
_____ ___

836
832
518
314

2 .4 7
2 .4 7
2 .4 9
2.43

S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s , m a in t e n a n c e _____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________
E r i e C o u n t y _______
__ __ __ ___
N ia g a r a County ____
_____ __
___ _

270
265
196
69

2.5 3
2 .5 4
2 .5 6
2 .4 8

T o o l and die m a k e rs
__ __ __
__ __
__
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________ _____ ________________
E r i e C o u n t y ___ _______ _____ _____ ___

1,263
1,263
1,001

2 .6 9
2 .6 9
2. 70

M a c h in is ts , m aintenance __ __ _____ _______
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____ _
_
____ _____ _______
E r i e C o u n t y __
_ ____________________
N ia g a r a County ____
_____ ___________

P a in t e r s , m aintenance _ _________ _____
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______ _ _______________
E r i e C o u n t y ___ __ __ __ _________
N ia g a r a C o u n t y ---------- ------------------N on m an u factu rin g
_____ __ _________

1

*

_
_

__
__
----__

_

$

$

$
1.70

1.80

$
1.90

$
2 .0 0

$
2. 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2.5 0

$
2. 60

$
2.70

$
2.8 0

$
2. 90

$
3.00

$
3.10

$
3.2 0

"
1.70

1.80

~
1.90

■
2.0 0

“
2. 10

“
2.20

2.3 0

"
2 .4 0

“
2. 50

“
2.6 0

2.7 0

2 .80

2. 90

3.00

3.10

3.20

over

27
24
24
3
2

63
50
30
20
13
1

72
47
30
17
25
22

228
161
134
27
67
64

381
370
254
116
11

293
293
224
69
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

11
11
11

-

-

13
13
10
3

49
49
49
-

190
190
142
48

180
180
171
9

87
87
45
42

22
22
20
2

1
1
1

39
39
39
“

40
35
34
1

208
208
163
45

180
180
97
83

159
159
87
72

251
251
194
57

111
111
111
"

-

65
65
31
34

141
6
6
135
134

200
41
41
159
143

50
41
39
2
9
9

53
47
18
29
6
6

57
27
25
2
30
15

9
9
9
-

_
-

_
-

4
4
4
-

1. 60

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

“

"

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

_

-

-

_
-

“

-

_

-

_

_
_

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

202
202
202

99
99
81
18

1
1
1

4
4
4

_
-

_
-

-

-

63
------5T~
63

-

-

_
_
-

_
"

_
-

63
----- 6T~
63

_

-

-

-

-

48
2
2
46
25

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
6

136
123
110
13

272
272
95
177

305
298
136
162

313
252
193
59

14
13
13

285
285
285

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

89
89
88
1

137
137
137

-

27
24
20
4

123
111
111

-

45
38
2
36

_

_

_
_
_

-

"

“

-

-

-

..
-

_
-

216
2 lF "
51
165

446
446
316
130

_
-

-

-

-

154
154
68
86

3
3
3

-

19
19
15
4

27
27
27

-

25
25
19
6

70
70
70

“

27
27
25
2

-

-

4
4
4

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
12
6
6

65
52
30
22

126
ITS”
81
45

120
120
71
49

93
93
78
15

29
29
25
4

55
55
55

110
110
110

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

"

-

-

-

-

5
_

12
11
11

72
66
58
8
6

62
, 60
23
37
2

79
77
32
45
2

67
67
24
43

32
32
32

9
9
9

6
6
6

2
-

_
-

5
1
1

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

2

"

4

21
21
15
6

22
22
12
10

220
220
137
83

149
149
24
125

257
253
168
85

84
84
84

31
31
31

23
23
23

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

4
1

36
36
22
14

43
43
15
28

88
88
63
25

60
60
60

22
22
22

70
70
42

97
97
85

117
117
87

187
187
140

-

_

-

-

9
_

7
6
-

10
5
5

-

6

-

_

_

_

_

2
-

-

-

•-

-

-

2

_

_

_

„

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

16
2
2 — n r~
6
1
1
10

_

-

-

-

-

21
21
15
6

37

12

5

1

-

_

4
4
4

16
16
16

-

-

9
9
4
5

37
-

17
5
5

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
8

-

-

-

“

“

1

4
2
1
1

_

_

_

_

1
1
1

10
10
10

12
12
12

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

~

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

448
448
303

9
9
9

_
-

121
121
121

294
294

294

_
-

_
-

-

-

“

8
8
8

-

_

-

-

10
10

-

-

-

_

-

E x c lu d e s p re m iu m p ay fo r o v e rtim e , and fo r w o rk on w e ek en d s, h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts.
W o r k e r s w e re d istrib u te d as fo llo w s : 15 at $ 3 .3 0 to $ 3 .4 0 ; 8 at $3. 50 to $ 3. 60; 2 at $3. 90 to $4.
T ra n s p o rta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ), com m u n ication , and other public u t ilit ie s .




-

2
2
2

-

-

549
549
549
-

-

-

-

50
50
50
-

5
5

_

_
_

-

111
111
85
26
-

and

1
1
1

4
4
4
-

_
-

10
10
10

10

T a b le A - 4 :

C u s to d ia l a n d M a te r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a tio n s

(A v e ra g e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an a rea b a sis
in Buffalo (E r ie and N ia g a ra C ounties), N . Y. , by industry division, Septem ber 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccupation1 and industry division

$
$
Average»
0. 70
hourly
0 . 80 0 .
earnings
and
under
. 80 ....30.. 1 . 0 0

E levator o p erators, p assen ger (m e n )__________
Nonmanufacturing

70
57

$
1. 24
1 . 18

E levator o p erators, p assen ger (women)
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________

149
143

Guards
_
...
.......
Manufacturing __________________________________
E rie C o u n ty __________________________________
N ia g a ra County
N on m an ufacturin g______________________________

1,056

Janitors, p o rte rs, and clean ers (m en) ________
M an u factu rin g __________________________________
E rie C o u n ty __________________________________
N ia g a ra County ________________ _________
N o n m an u factu rin g______________________________
Public utilities * ____________________________

%
$
1
1 . 0 0 90 . 10

$
1 . 20

$
1. 30

$
1. 40

$
1. 50

$
1 .6 0

$
1. 70

$
1 . 80

$
1.90

$
2. 00

$
2 . 10

$
2 . 20

$
2 . 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

$
2 . 60

$
2. 70

1 . 10

1. 30

1. 40

1. 50

1.60

1.70

1 . 80

1.90

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 . 20

2. 30

2 . 40

2. 50

2 . 60

2. 70

2 . 80

1 . 20

~

-

19
19

4
4

1. 07
1. 07

-

13
13

14
14

80
80

11
11

695
298
63

2.
2.
2.
2.
1.

03
04
04
03
90

_
-

-

-

_
-

1
1
1
-

-

2, 542
1,920
1,307
613
622
131

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

70
83
82
86
28
57

29
29
-

20
20

34
34

120
13
13
107
"

90
8
8
82
"

81
12
12
69
22

-

-

"

7
2

32
32

1
-

6
-

22
22

3
3

-

-

_
-

_
"

5
5

7
6
6
1

34
32
20
12
2

80
13
7
6
67
10

1 01
38
34
4
63
8

117
90
72
18
27
18

224
179
156
23
45
21

$
2.80
and
over

"

-

1
-

6
-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
8
_

5
5
5
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

35
~33—
31
2
2

114
93
61
32
21

336
287
183
104
49
46

604
576
271
305
28
6

-

465
439
272
167
26

109
“ TOT'
71
32
6
395

272
272
234
38
-

W T

287
106
2
"

-

80
----- 50“
78
2
13
—

r r

12
i
-

133
133
82
51
24
24
18
6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

"

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

60
~50“
60
_

Janitors, p o rters, and clean ers (women) ______
Manufacturing ________________________________ _
E rie County _
N ia g a ra County _____________________________
Nonm anufacturing ______________________________

1,094
384
282
102
710

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

27
57
55
64
11

70
70

30
30

63
63

223
13
13
210

95
20
20
75

96
29
29
67

182
47
47
135

67
23
18
5
44

55
53
12
41
2

54
47
19
28
7

42
42
32
10
-

87
80
65
15
7

-

2
2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

L a b o r e r s , m aterial handling
M a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________
E rie C o u n ty __________________________________
N ia g a ra C ounty
___
Nonm anufacturing ______________________________
Public utilities * ____________________________

5,453
4, 018
3, 156
862
1, 435
330

1 . 86
1 . 90
1. 91
1. 84
1. 74
1. 98

9
9
-

24
24
“

64
64
"

93
40
40
53
3

34
34
-

205
38
38
167
"

64
38
32
6
26
-

77
65
57
8
12
"

235
194
162
32
41
-

275
265
248
17
10
"

828
732
549
183
96
-

525
465
318
147
60
47

1094
550“
339
311
444
150

952
651
545
106
301
115

874
816
804
12
58
-

82
64
64
18
15

_
-

18
18
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
_
-

.
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

O rd e r fille r s _______________________________________
M an u factu rin g __________________________________
E rie County
N ia g a ra County _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ,__________ ____________

765
397
341
56
368

1.
1.
1.
1.
2.

95
87
87
90
03

_
-

_
-

_
-

10
10
10
-

30
19
18
1
11

37
37
29
8
-

54
54
54
-

141
124
109
15
17

337
21
13
14
310

59
41
41
18

13
13
13
-

14
4
4
10

.
-

2
2
2
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
.

-

1
1

66
66
52
14

-

1
1

_
-

-

.
-

P a c k e rs, shipping (men)
Manufacturing
E rie County _ _
N ia g a ra County _____

2 . 06
2 . 08
1 . 98
2. 44

_
-

_
-

1
-

_
-

6
-

10
8
8

-

-

“

"

40
33
33
-

98
91
79
12

250
250
245
5

130
126
71
55

10
10
9
1

50
50
50

'

14
7
7
-

64
64
64

-

12
11
11
"

2
-

_ ________

861
52?
650
174

32
32
32

P a c k e rs, shipping (women)
Manufacturing
E r ie C o u n ty __________________________________
N ia g a ra County _____________________________
N on m an ufacturin g______________________________

339
2&6
218
48
73

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

2
2

18
18

53
48
48
5

4
3
3
1

40
40

33
33
25
8
"

14
14
5
9
-

25
25
23
2
-

87
87
87
-

6

9
8
8
1

R eceiving clerk s
.......... .. .
Manufacturing _
... ^ . ....
E rie County
_ _
N ia g a ra County _ __

375
218
169
49
157

1. 92

6
-

7
-

12
2
2

2
-

-

-

10

2

16
5
4
1
11

39
21
11
10
18

25
... 10
8
2
15

38
25
19
6
13

_________

.

Nonmanufacturing___ ______________________

54
62
55
93
25

2. 04
1. 98
1. 78

_
_
-

-

_

_

-

-

4
-

-

-

-

_

4

6

7

See footnotes at end of table.
* T ransportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), communication, and other public utilities,




25
19
19

-

-

26
26
25
1
-

2
2
2
-

_

1
1
1
-

—nr

-

27

12
4
11

67
"

W

33
6
28

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

22
22

68
68
68
-

12
12
_
12

_
_

40
40
_
3 40

r

17

_

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
5

2
2
_
2

1
1
1

1
1
1

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
“

-

-

-

77
39
----- 45“ — T8
36
32
10
6
31
1

_

_
-

28
28

7
7
C
,
2

_

_

_

_

Occupational W age Survey, B u ffalo (E r ie and N ia g a ra C ounties), N. Y. , Septem ber 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B u reau of L a b o r Statistics

11
T a b le A - 4 :

C u s to d ia l a n d M a te r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d

(A v e ra g e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a basis
in B uffalo (E r ie and N ia g a ra C ounties), N . Y . , by industry division, Septem ber 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation1 and industry division

Number
of
w
orkers

Average_ $
hourly ‘ 0. 70
earnings
and

$
1$
0 . 80 0 . 90
. 90

Shipping clerk s _________ _____ _________________
M an u factu rin g __________________________________
E rie C o u n ty __________________________________
N ia g a ra County ------------------------------------------

248
214
188
26

$
2 . 01
2 .0 8
2. 07
2 . 21

Shipping and receiving c lerk s ---------------------------M an u factu rin g ____ ________ __ ___________
E rie C o u n ty ______ __________________ ____
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

219
146
127
73

2 . 01
... 270 6...
2. 05
1.91

T ruck d river s 4
. . .
_
.
M an u factu rin g _______________ ______ ___ ____
E rie County _____ ____________ ____________
N ia g a ra C o u n ty _____ _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
Public utilities * __ _________________________

2, 706
1, 127
926
201
1, 579
1, 104

T ru c k d riv e rs , light (under lV 2 tons) ________
M an u factu rin g_______________________________
E rie C o u n ty __________ __________________
T ru c k d riv e rs, m edium (I V 2 to and
including 4 tons) ______________________________
M an u factu rin g_______________________________
E rie County ____________________________
N ia g a ra County _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________ ____
Public utilities * _________________________

_
-

1. 30

1. 40

-

4
-

-

"

-

-

1$
2. 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

$ ,
2 . 60

$
2 . 70

$
2 . 80
and

1. 50

1. 60

1. 70

1 . 80

1.90

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 . 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2 . 60

2. 70

2 . 80

over

23
17
17
"

22
---- n —
13
"

16
12
12
-

8
------8~
4
4

5
5

19
-----8
8
11

35
31
28
3
4

4
-

2
-

11
11
-

_
-

11
2
2
9
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

11
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

"

-

~

■

T1
2
2
9

"

"

■

-

-

“

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

385
343
318

2 . 21
2 . 22
2. 23

_

T ru ck ers, power (forklift) --------------------------------M an u factu rin g ------------------------------------------------E rie C o u n ty __________________________________
N ia g a ra County -----------------------------------------N onm anufacturing______________________________
.........
PnV*1i r utilities *

1,440
1,297
982
315
143
66

2. 07
2:0 ? "
2 . 09
2. 00
2. 07
2. 08

_

T ru ck ers, power (other than forklift) __________
M an u factu rin g __________________________________
E rie C o u n ty __________________________________
N ia g a ra County
__ _ ______

465
----- ¥ 3 T ~
336
122

o th e r w is e

$
2 . 20

_
-

_
-

T ru c k d riv e rs, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra ile r type) _____________ _______
Mannff,r *'| r ’T,g
'
................ E rie C o u n ty ______________ _________ —-

except w h ere

$
2 . 10

_
-

2. 07
2. 03
2. 03
2 . 06
2 . 08
2 . 11

66
79
35
62

$
2 . 00

1
1

840
282
214
68
558
349

1.
1.
1.
1.

$
1.90

-

_
-

270
176
158
41

$
1 . 80

-

1. 99
2. 05
2. 07

1. 61

$
1. 70

15
15

410
137
116

1771

$ ,
1 .6 0

3
3

-

604

$
1. 50

-

_
-

-----

1. 40

-

_
-

2. 15
2715
2. 17
2. 07

%

-

~

2 . 20
2 . 18
2 . 12

D a t a l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s ,

1. 20

13
15
16
09
12
11

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

887
----- 637
520

1

$
1. 30

-

~

"

2
3
4
*

$
1 . 20

1 . 10

1. 00

$
1 . 10

-

-

T ru c k d riv e rs, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra ile r type) __________________________________
N on m an ufacturin g---------- ------------------------Public utilities * ________________________

Watchmen ______________________ __________________
M an u factu rin g ----------------- ----------------------------E rie C o u n ty ---------------- ---------- ----------------N ia g a ra County ____________ ______ _______
N on m an ufacturin g_________ ___ _____________
Public utilities * _ _______________________ _

$
1 .0 0

_

~

"
"
“

_

5
5

-

_

-

'

:
-

-

165
21
21
144

4
4
4
-

"

-

5
1
-

28
28
28

-

-

-

"

"

504
52
24
28
452
333

46
46
40
6

6
6
6
■

"
"

■
"
"

2
2
2

“
"

-

6
2
2

687
518
518

22
21

72
-

10
10

86
84

-

-

"

24
24
24

37
36
33

122
81
61

107
107
107

35
35
33

39
39
39

19
19
19

2
2
2

■

“

103
101
52
49
2
2

206
206
193
13
“

378
313
221
92
65
25

471
429
321
108
42
39

82
54
51
3
28

11
11
11
“

35
35
33
2

42
42
42
"

-

15
15
15

-

-

15
15
9
6

87
87
57
30

106
88
88 “ H 106 "
40
71
35
48

97

15
15
11
4
-

13
13

77
56
27
29
21
-

64
44
42
2
20
17

448
178
131
47
270
189

1402
382
319
63
1020
898

228
203
156
47
25
-

7
7

8
7
7

231
21
14

56
50
45

28
11
9
2
17
16

147
90
80
10
57

4
2
”

~

■

■

~

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

55
51
20
31
4

30
28
11
17
2

-

-

-

-

61
13
55.. — 8
2
32
3
6
26
5
10

15
—
8
7

2
4
35
-

12
12
12
6
6
6
-

9
9
9
-

55
T §
36
2
17
2

65
57
33
24
8
1

in d ic a te d .

Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e, and for w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
W o rk ers w ere distributed as follow s: 16 at $ 2. 90 to $ 3; 1 at $ 3 to $ 3. 20; 4 at $ 3. 20 to $ 3. 40; 19 at $ 3. 40 to $ 3. 60.
Includes all d riv e rs re g a rd le s s of size and type of truck operated.
Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s ), communication, and other public utilities.




52
39
39
13

13
8
4
5

—

70
49
27
22
21

-

20

148
145
139
6
3
"

71
71
69
-

11
11
11
_

-

-

2
2
-

34
29
26
5

11
11
11
“

-

20
-

-

9
8
6
1

4
2
2
2
“

-

53
19
19
34

7
7

11
------g—
2
3

■

"

_

-

11
11
11
-

-

-

-

9
5
5
4

25
25
23
2

9
— 5
—
5

-

-

1
1
1

32
32
27
5

"

_

.

4
4
4
-

25
25
22
3

21
17
17

_

_

3
3
3

11
11
11
-

34
1
-

"

_

_

41
-----5—

32
20
8

20
16
16
4
-

-

_

7
7
7

25
24
20
4

25
25
25
-

~

~

106
89
~57---- " l'Q'4
57
11
46
47
2
32
24
2

ZT

—
51
44
2
2

"

10
10
10
-

■

"
_

‘

"

17
10
10
_
-

'

"

~
-

27
27
27
-

_
-

-

“
-

2
2
2
-

_
-

66
66
66
-

14
14
14
-

3
3
3

■

■

"

-

-

-

_







13

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Table B-l: Shift Differential Provisions 1
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
(a)
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having
fo r m a l p ro v is io n s f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

Second sh ift
w o rk

T o t a l ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-----

__

T h ir d o r other
sh ift w o rk

(b)
A c t u a lly w o rk in g on—

S econ d shift

T h ir d o r oth er
sh ift

91. 5

88. 0

21. 5

7. 9

91. 0

88. 0

21. 5

7 .9

__

62. 4

54. 0

13. 7

5. 7

U n d e r 5 cen ts _
_____ _____ „ ___
________
5 cen ts ________
_____
__ __
__
_____ __ __
6 cents
__
_____ _____
______
7 o r l llz cents ________________________________________________
8 o r 8 V2 cents _________________ ___________ _______________
9 o r 9 V2 cents ________________________________________________
1 0 cents _________ ____________________________________________
O v e r 10 and under 15 cents
15 cents ___________ _______ _________ „ _____ _________
O v e r 15 cents

1. 5
4. 7
21. 1
3. 8
4. 6
3 .4
12. 9
2 .6
5. 4
2. 4

_
1. 0
1 .9
2. 6
24. 4
14. 7
4. 0
2. 0
3. 3

.
.
5.
.
.
.
2.
.
2.
.

U n ifo r m p e rc e n ta g e ____________________________________________

22. 4

22. 2

6.9

1. 1

. 2
13. 5
1 .4
7. 3

5. 7
.7
15. 8

. 1

.
. 1
. 8

___________

6. 1

11. 7

N o sh ift p ay d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________________________________________

.6

W ith sh ift p ay d iffe r e n t ia l _______

______________________________

U n ifo r m cents (p e r h ou r) __ ___

___

___

„

3 p e rc e n t

__________________________ _________________________
5 p e rc e n t ___ _________________________ _________________ __

7 o r 7 V2 p e r c e n t _____________________________________________
_ __
__________________________ _________ __
9 p ercen t_
1 0 p e rc e n t ---------------------------------------------------------------------------Othe r 2 ______________

_________

_________________

t

4
8
2
7
7
5
2
5
3

4

4. 4

3

.
2. 1
.9

_
t
.
.
3.
.
.
.
.

1
3
7
9
2
2

4

3

1 .0

t

1 Shift d iffe r e n t ia l d ata a r e p re s e n te d in t e r m s o f (a) e sta b lis h m e n t p o lic y , and (b) w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on la te sh ifts
at the tim e o f the s u rv e y .
A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as h av in g a p o lic y i f it m et e ith e r of the fo llo w in g c o n d itio n s: (l) O p ­
e r a t e d la te sh ifts at the tim e o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g late sh ifts.
2 In clu d es d iffe r e n t ia ls v a ry in g a c c o rd in g to occu p ation o r a c c o r d in g to d e g r e e of shift ro tatio n , c o m b in atio n of a cents
d iffe r e n t ia l plu s a p aid lu n ch p e r io d , and other p r o v is io n s .
f L e s s than 0. 05 p e rc e n t.
O cc u p a tio n a l W a g e S u rv e y , B u ffa lo ( E r i e and N i a g a r a C o u n t ie s ), N . Y . , S e p te m b e r 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u of L a b o r S ta tistic s

14

Table B-2*.

Minimum Entrance Rates for W om en Office W o rk e rs 1

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s w it h s p e c if ie d m in im u m

M in im u m ra t e
(w e e k ly s a la r y )

Based

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b lis h m e n t s

s tu d ie d

______________________________________

___________

230

131

h ir in g ra te

in —

M a n u fa c tu rin g

on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u rs 2 o f -

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

XXX

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s w it h S p e c ifie d m in im u m

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

M a n u fa c tu rin g

99

37V,

XXX

A ll
s c h e d u le s

XXX

230

For Inexperienced Typists

E s ta b lis h m e n ts

h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _____________________

11 3

_

74

_

60

_

39

_

in —

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f-

A ll
in d u s t r ie s
40

h ir in g ra te

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

131

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

XXX

37Vz

40

XXX

XXX

17

99

27

For Other Inexperienced C lerical W orkers*

13

.

19

_

130

74

56

62

_

_

_

$ 3 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r

$ 3 2 . 5 0 _____________________________________________
$ 3 5 . 0 0 ___ _____ ___
__ _________ __

2

-

-

?

1

-

2
2

-

-

$ 3 5 .0 0 an d u n d e r

$ 3 7 . 5 0 ______

4

-

4

5

-

-

5

2

-

$ 4 0 . 0 0 _________________

1
1

-

$ 3 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r

-

-

3

1

-

2

1

-

$ 4 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r

$ 4 2 . 5 0 _____________________________________________

6

$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 . 50

$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 . 00
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 6 0 . 00

39
13

21
8

16
6

4
1

25
7
8

15
4
7

13
4
6

18
5
10
3

12
2
4

7

4
6
4

$ 3 0 .0 0 an d u n d e r

_____

________
_____

___

_______________

2
30

16

1
10
4

1
2
4
-

9
8
5

15
4
6
7
7
5

3
12
4
4
7
7
4

1
-

-

9
6

__

3
-

1
-

1
-

2
-

2
-

1
-

4
6
5

1
-

1
-

1
-

1
2

1

1
1

-

-

-

1

-

1

1
2

1

___

________

33

21

XXX

12

XXX

39

i n t h i s c a t e g o r y -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

81

34

XXX

47

XXX

XXX

3

2

XXX

1

XX X

XXX

and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 6 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r

___ _____________
__________ ______
_____________________________________________
__ ______
__
__ _____
______
__ _______ ___
_ ___ __
____ _
_
_
______
________ _ __
_____________________________________________

$ 6 2 . 5 0 __

_____

___

$ 6 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 __________ __
$ 6 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 ______
__ _
$ 6 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 ------

E s ta b lis h m e n ts

_
__

_

__

___

_ _ __
____ _ __
_

h a v in g n o s p e c ifie d m in im u m

________

__
___

_

10
24
4

1
20
6

9

1

9
3
2

1
-

XXX

2
5
-

2
2

3
1

1

5
2
-

1
3

1
1

3
1
-

-

2
3
1
-

1
1

-

-

-

23

XXX

16

58

32

XXX

26

3

2

XXX

1

1
-

-

-

1

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

E s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s

D a t a n ot a v a ila b le

__

_______

__

_

------

_

____

__

_

—

1 L o w e s t s a la r y rate fo r m a lly e sta b lish e d fo r h irin g in exp erien ced w o rk e rs fo r typing o r other c le r ic a l jo b s.
2 Standard hours r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k fo r which em ployees re c e iv e th eir re g u la r stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . Data a r e p resen ted fo r a ll w o rk w eek s com bined, and
rep o rted .
3 R ates ap p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , office g i r ls , or s im ila r s u b c le r ic a l jobs a r e not c o n sid ered .




1

fo r

the

m ost

com m on

w o rk w eek s

O ccupational W a g e S u rvey, B u ffa lo (E r ie and N ia g a r a C o u n tie s), N . Y . , S ep tem b er 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u of L a b o r Statistics

15

Ta b le B-3:

Scheduled W e e k ly H o u rs

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS1EM PLOYED I N -

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

W eek ly h ou rs
All industries 2

A ll w o rk e rs

___________________________________

U n d er 3 1 1/z hours --------------------------------------------3 7 V2 h ours ____________________________ ____________
O v e r 3 7V2 and under 4 0 h o u r s _______ ______
4 0 hours
__ __ ________________________ _______
O v e r 4 0 and under 4 5 h ou rs ________________
4 5 hours and o v e r ___
__ ------------------ __ _____

1
3
t
*

Public utilities *

Manufacturing

100

100

!

All industries 3

100

i;ii

100

\

Manufacturing

t

Public utilities

11

4
11
7

70

4
57

78

28

t

.

f

*

i
,

!
1

100

t
t

_
_

85

t

27

100

t

--------------------- ----------------------- f-

93

88

t

*

12

5

3

3

4

t

D a t a r e l a t e to w o m e n w o r k e r s o n ly .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to th o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y ,
L e s s th an 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

Ta b le B 4 :

Paid H o lid a y s 1

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N -

All industries 2

A ll w o r k e r s ___

_____

____________________

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

i ------------------------------------------- 1
1

Item

__

W o rk e rs in establish m en ts providing
paid holidays _________________________________
L e s s than 6 holidays ________________________
j
!
---------------------6 h olid ays ------------- ------6 holidays plus 2 h a lf days ________________
6 h olidays plus 1, 3, 4 o r 5 h a lf days______
7 holidays ___________________
______________
7 h olidays plus 1 h a lf d a y ________________
7 h olidays plus 2 h a lf days ________________
7 holidays plus 4 o r 5 h a lf days __ _____
8 h olidays _______________________________ ___
8 holidays plus 2 h a lf days _______
___
9 holidays _____________ _____ __
---------10 h o lid a y s ______________
____________________
11 h o lid a y s ___________________ _____ _______
12 h o lid a y s ________ ________________ _____
W o rk e rs in establish m en ts p roviding no
paid holidays
--------------------------------------- —

Manufacturing

Public utilities *

100

100

100

99

100

23
14
t
26
6
3
t
5
t
t
3
13
t

16
24
t
41
4
5
3
4
t

99
13
4
T
-

-

t

-

t

;
!
!
!
;
!
;
i

-

18
-

45

!
I

!

17

-

All industries

*

i
t
i
_______________________________

100
............

j
]
j

j
............ . 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities *

100

100

97
t
30
16
t
35
t
3

98
t
16
21
t
45
t
4

99
_
39
-

5
t
t
t
t
-

5
t
t
t
-

-

3

7
10
16
-

27

t
i

1 E s t i m a t e s r e l a t e to h o l id a y s p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e ; i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y ,
t L e s s th an 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c l u d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .




Occupational Wage Survey, Buffalo (E rie and Niagara Counties), N . Y . , September 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF LA BO R
Bureau of Labor Statistics

16




Table B-5:

N O l^ E :

Paid Vacations

In th e ta b u la t io n s o f v a c a t io n a l lo w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th an " le n g t h o f t i m e , "
s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u i v a le n t t im e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .

17

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv is i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y ,
2 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y ,
3 P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n an d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the in d i v id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s . F o r e x a m p l e , the c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g 3 w e e k s 'o r m o r e p a y a f t e r 5 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e w h o r e c e i v e 3 w e e k s 'o r
m o re

p ay a fte r fe w e r y e a rs of s e rv ic e .
f
L e s s th an 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c l u d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,

c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .

Table B-6:

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
1

T y p e o f p la n
All industries 1

100

100

n

All industries

Public utilities *

Manufacturing

'

Manufacturing

100

Public utilities *

100

100

----------

100

L i f e i n s u r a n c e ______
__ ------------------------ ------A c c i d e n t a l d e a th an d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ------------ ------------------------- — ---------S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e
o r s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 4 ---------- ---------- ---------- __
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e _______
S i c k l e a v e ( f u l l p a y an d no
w a i t in g p e r i o d )
------------------------ __ ---------S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) _______________________ __ -----H o s p it a l iz a t io n i n s u r a n c e --------------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e _____________________________ __
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _____ — __ ______ ______
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e ----------- -------------------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n _______ ______ __ ________
N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n
p la n ---------------------------------------------------------------------

93

97

96

!

91

95

98

39

48

3 11

!

38

!

42

3 36

91
48

92
62

97
8

|

80
68

j

84

3

1

79

88
3 26

75

70

94

10

3

34

t

3
96
92
53

t

!

j
!

88

8
96
95
57

29
70
70
37

ll

50
50
38
18

9
89

i

4

4

17

84

88

i

75

80

87

:

3

t

-

A l l w o r k e r s _________

—

---------------------

--------------

1

W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g :

87
82
53
11
81
t

!

;
:
:
;
i

*

1

.

52

*

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta
f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta
f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 N o t c o m p a r a b l e w it h A p r i l 1953 d a ta ( B u l l . 1116 an d 1 1 1 6 -2 0 ).
4 U n d u p lic a t e d
to t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s ic k l e a v e o r s ic k n e s s an d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w .
S i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to th o s e
the m in im u m n u m b e r
o f d a y s ' p a y th at c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l lo w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on an in d i v id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
f L e s s th an 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c l u d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .




O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,

w h ic h

d e fin it e ly

e s t a b lis h

at le a s t

B u f f a lo ( E r i e a n d N i a g a r a C o u n t i e s ), N . Y . , S e p t e m b e r 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t ic s




19
Appendix: Job Descriptions

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations w orkers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau*s job descriptions may d iffer sig n ifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau*s field representatives are instructed to exclude w ork­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learn ers, beginners, trainees, handicapped w orkers, part-tim e,
tem porary, and probationary w orkers.
Office

B IL L E R , MACHINE
P rep a res statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or p erform other c lerica l work in­
cidental to billing operations.
F o r wage study purposes, b illers,
machine, are cla ssified by type of machine, as follows:
B ille r , machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, E lliott F ish er, Burroughs, etc. , which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predeterm ined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the b ill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
B ille r , machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E lliott F ish er, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
G enerally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertica l columns and computes and usually prints auto­
m atically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-M ACHINE O PER ATO R
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E lliott
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash R eg ister, with or with­
out a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BO O KKEEPING -M ACHINE O PE R ATO R - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fa m ilia rity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
D eter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under b ille r, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sheets fo r the accounting department.
C LE R K , ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or m ore sections of a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment* s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requ ires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
C lass B - Under supervision, perform s one or m ore routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers; entering vouchers in voucher re gisters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary led gers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the m ore routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several w orkers.

20
C LE R K ,

F IL E

Class A - Responsible fo r maintaining an established filing
system. C la ssifies and indexes correspondence or other m aterial;
may also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with file s or supervise others in filin g and locating
m aterial in the file s .
May p erfo rm incidental cle ric a l duties.
Class B - P erfo rm s routine filing, usually of m aterial that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating m a­
te ria l in the file s . May p erfo rm incidental cle ric a l duties.
C LE R K , ORDER
R eceives custom ers1 o rders for m aterial or merchandise by
m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
follow in g: Quoting p rices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the item s to make up the order; checking p rices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled .
May check with credit department to d eter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled , keep
file of orders received , and check shipping invoices with original
orders.
C LE R K ,

K E Y -PU N C H O PER ATO R
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, follow ing
w ritten information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May v e rify own work or work of others.
O FFIC E BOY OR G IRL
P e rfo rm s various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m a ilers, opening
and distributing m ail, and other minor c le ric a l work.
SECRE TARY
P erfo rm s secreta ria l and c le rica l duties fo r a superior in an
adm inistrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receivin g people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential m ail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded inform ation reproduced on a tianscribin g machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda fo r information of superior.

PAYRO LL
STENOGRAPHER, G EN ERAL

Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w ork ers1
earnings based on tim e or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker*s name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out pay checks and assist paym aster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

P rim a ry duty is to take dictation from one or m ore persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
w riter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
file s in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include tran­
scribing-m achine work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

C O M PTO M ETER O PER ATO R

STENOGRAPHER,

P rim a ry duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
perform ance of other duties.

P rim a ry duty is to take dictation from one or m ore persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal b riefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typew riter. May also type from w ritten copy. May also set up and
keep file s in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-m achine w ork .

TE C H N IC A L

D U PLIC A TIN G -M AC H IN E O PE R A TO R (M IM EOGRAPH OR D IT T O )
SWITCHBOARD O PER ATO R
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sib ilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
m atter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as fo r ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto m aster. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters.
May sort, collate, and staple com ­
pleted m aterial.




Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages.
May give in fo r­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
F o r w orkers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

21
SWITCHBOARD O PE R A TO R -R E C E PTIO N IS T
tion
type
This
time

TRANSCRIBING -M ACH INE O PER ATO R,

In addition to perform ing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine cleric a l work as part of regular duties.
typing or cle ric a l work may take the m ajor part of this worker*s
while at switchboard.

TABU BATING -M ACH INE O PERATO R
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on form s or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple w iring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagram s; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.
TRANSCRIBING -M ACH INE O PER ATO R,

included. A w orker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or sim ilar machine is cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
T Y P IS T
Uses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do cleric a l work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and d is­
tributing incoming m ail.
Class A - P erfo rm s one or m ore of the follow in g: Typing
m aterial in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreign language copy; combining m aterial from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
form ity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form .
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circum stances.

G ENERAL

P rim a ry duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple c le rica l work. W orkers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
la ry such as legal b riefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSM AN,

JUNIOR

(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses. Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May p r e ­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or p erfo rm other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
D RAFTSM AN,

LEAD ER

Plans and directs activities of one or m ore draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or p r e ­
lim inary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the follow ing: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and w ritten or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
perform ing m ore difficult problem s. May assist subordinates during




G EN ERAL - Continued

Class B - P erfo rm s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing
from rela tively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of form s,
insurance policies, etc. ; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying m ore complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

and

Technical

D RAFTSM AN,

LEAD ER - Continued

em ergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or adm inistrative nature.
D RAFTSM AN , SENIOR
P rep a res working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the follow in g:
Preparin g working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, etc.,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of m aterials, beams and
trusses; verifyin g completed work, checking dimensions, m aterials
to be used, and quantities; w riting specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, elec trica l, mechanical, or structural drafting.

22
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL, (REG ISTERED )

NURSE, IN D U STR IA L (REGISTERED) - Continued

A re gistered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the prem ises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the follow in g: Giving fir s t aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carrying out program s
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, w elfa re, and
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

TRAC ER
Copies
tracing cloth or
Uses T-squ are,
simple drawings

and

plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
and do simple letterin g.

Powerplant

C A R P E N TE R , M AIN TEN AN C E

ENGINEER, S TA TIO N AR Y

P erfo rm s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, flo ors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the follow in g: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter* s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting m aterials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requ ires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent tra in ­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or e lec trica l) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, r e fr ig e r a ­
tion, or air-conditioning.
Work involves; Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, a ir com pressors, generators, m o­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrig era tin g equipment, steam boilers
and b o iler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, tem perature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing m ore than one engineer are excluded.

E LE C TR IC IA N ,

M AIN TEN AN CE

P erfo rm s a variety of elec trica l trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of ele c tric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of
a va riety of elec trica l equipment such as generators, tran sform ers,
switchboards, con trollers, circuit breakers, m otors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transm ission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the elec trica l system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirem ents of w iring or elec trica l
equipment; using a variety of electrician*s handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electricia n requ ires rounded training and experience usually a c­
quired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREM A N , S TA TIO N AR Y BO ILER
F ir e s stationary b oilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fir e by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing b o ilerroom equipment.
H E LPE R ,

TRADES,

M AIN TEN AN CE

A ssists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by perform ing specific or general duties of le s s e r skill, such
as keeping a w orker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning w ork­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting w orker by holding m a­
teria ls or tools; perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by jo u r­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is perm itted to p erform va ries
from trade to trade; In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is perm itted to p erform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also perform ed by w orkers
on a fu ll-tim e basis.

23

M AC H IN E-TO O L O PER ATO R,

TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or m illing machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jig s , fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the follow ing:
Planning and perform in g difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of p recision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils.
F or
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom ,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST,

MECHANIC, M AIN TEN AN CE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the follow in g: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop fo r m ajor repairs; preparing written
specifications for m ajor repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassem bling machines; and making a ll necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are w orkers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

M AIN TEN AN CE
M ILLW RIG H T

Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the follow in g: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va ­
riety of m ach in ists handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations re la t­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assem bling parts into mechanical equipment.
In general, the
m ach in ists work norm ally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant la y ­
out are required. Work involves most of the follow in g: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com ­
putations relating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transm ission equipment such as drives and speed r e ­
ducers. In general, the m illw righ t1s work norm ally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, A U TO M O TIVE (M A IN TE N A N C E )
Repairs automobiles, busses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the follow ing: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, d rills, or specialized equipment in d is­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing the
various assem blies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with o il or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
P A IN T E R , M AIN TEN AN CE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the follow in g: Knowledge of surface
pecu liarities and types of paint required fo r different applications;
preparing surface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing
putty or fille r in nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency.
In general, the
work o f the maintenance painter requ ires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

24

P IP E F IT T E R ,

M AIN TEN AN C E

S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M AIN TEN AN CE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fo l­
lowing; Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other w ritten specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to co rrect lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressu res, flow, and size of pipe r e ­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
p rim a rily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.
PLU M B ER,

M AIN TEN AN CE

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber*s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M AIN TEN AN CE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the follow in g: Planning

Custodial

E LE V A T O R O PER ATO R,

a nd

TO O L AND DIE MAKER
(Diem aker; jig m aker; toolm aker; fixture maker;

PASSENGER

GUARD
P erfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or fo rce where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
em ployees and other persons entering.

gauge m aker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jig s , fix ­
tures or dies fo r forgings, punching and other m etal-form ing work.
Work involves most of the follow in g: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp e cifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker*s handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of m etal parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assem bling of parts to p rescribed tolerances and a llow ­
ances; selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and p rocesses.
In
general, the tool and die maker*s work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
F o r cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

Transports passengers between flo ors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or sim ilar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.




and laying out a ll types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating a ll
available types of sheet-m etal-w orking machines; using a va riety of
handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-m etal a rticles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-m etal w orker requ ires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Movement

JANITOR,

PO R TE R ,

OR C LE A N E R

(Sweeper; charwoman; ja n itress)
Cleans and keeps in an o rd erly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or prem ises of an o ffice, apartment house,
or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping, or scrubbing, and polishing flo ors;
rem oving chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trim m ings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning la va tories, showers, and
restroom s.
Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

25

LABORER,

M ATERIAL, HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse h elp er )
A w orker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or m ore of
the follow in g; Loading and unloading various m aterials and merchandise on or from freigh t cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing m aterials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting m aterials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SH IPPING AND RECEIVING C LE R K - Continued
other records; checking fo r shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and file s .
F o r wage study purposes, w orkers are classified as follow s:
Receivin g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receivin g clerk
TRU CKD RIVER

ORDER F IL L E R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or tran sfer orders fo r finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
custom ers1 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to fillin g
orders and indicating item s fille d or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and p erfo rm other related duties.
PA C K E R , SHIPPING
P rep a res finished products fo r shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations perform ed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or
m ore of the follow ing: Knowledge of various item s of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using ex celsio r or other m aterial to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C L E R K
Prep a res merchandise fo r shipment, or receives and is r e ­
sponsible fo r incoming shipment of merchandise or other m aterials.
Shipping work in volves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p rac­
tices^ routes, available means of transportation and rates; and p r e ­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise fo r shipment.
Receiving work in volves: V erifyin g or directing others in verifyin g
the correctness of shipments against b ills of lading, invoices, or




D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
m aterials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freigh t depots, w a re­
houses, wholesale and reta il establishments, or between reta il estab­
lishments and customers* houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
rep a irs, and keep truck in good working order. D river-sa lesm en and
o ver-th e-ro a d d rivers are excluded.
F o r wage study purposes, tru ckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (T r a c to r-tr a ile r should be rated
on the basis of tra ile r capacity. )
T ru ckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
T ru ckdriver, light (under 1Va tons)
T ru ckdriver, medium (lVz to and including 4 tons)
T ru ckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, tra ile r type)
T ru ckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra ile r type)
TRU CKER, POW ER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or elec tric-p o w ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of a ll kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
F o r wage study purposes, w orkers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (fo rk lift)
Trucker, power (other than fo rk lift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises period ically in protecting property
against fir e , theft, and illeg a l entry.
☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING O F F IC E : 1957

O— 414381




Bulletins in This Series
O ccu p a tio n a l wage su rv ey s are b ein g conducted in 19 m ajor labor m arkets during la te 1956 and e arly 19 5 7 . A b u lle tin for the
follow ing are a i s now a v a ila b le and may be p u rch ased from the Sup erintend ent of D ocu m ents, Government P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington 25, D. C .,
or from any of the reg io n al s a le s o f fic e s lis te d below . A s ad d itional b u lle tin s becom e a v a ila b le , they w ill be lis te d in su b seq u en t is s u e s .




L a b o r Market
S e a ttle , Wash.

B L S B u lle tin
Number

August 1956

P r ic e

1 2 02-1

Survey P erio d

25 c e n ts

Regional Sales Offices

U . S. Department of L ab o r
Bureau of L abo r Statistics
18 O liver Street
Boston 10, M ass.

U . S. Department of Labor
Bureau of L abo r Statistics
50 Seventh Street, N . E.
Atlanta 23, G a.

U . S. Department of L abor
Bureau of L abor Statistics
105 West Adams Street
C hicago 3, 111.

U . S. Department of L abor
Bureau of L ab o r Statistics
341 Ninth Avenue
N e w York 1, N . Y .

U. S. Department of L abor
Bureau of L abo r Statistics
630 Sansome Street
San Fran cisco 11, C alif.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102