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Occupational Wage Survey

NEW YORK, NEW YORK
APRIL 1957

Bulletin No. 1202-17

UNITED STATES D EPA RTM EN T OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Claguw, Com issionw
m
r




Occupational Wage Survey




NEW YORK, NEW YORK
APRIL 1957

Bulletin No. 1202-17
UN ITED STA TES DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREA U

O F LA B O R S TA TISTIC S

Ew an Clague, Commission or
July 1957

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Com m unity W age Survey P r o g r a m
The B u reau of L a b o r Statistics re g u la r ly conducts
a re a w id e w age su rvey s in a num ber of im portant in d u strial
c e n ters. The studies, m ade fro m late fa ll to e a r ly sprin g,
re late to occupational earn in gs and re la te d supplem entary
benefits.
A p re lim in a ry re p o rt is a v a ila b le on com pletion
of the study in each a r e a , u su ally in the month follow in g
the p a y ro ll p e rio d studied. This bulletin p ro vid es additional
data not included in the e a r lie r re p o rt.
A consolidated
analytical bulletin su m m arizin g the re su lts of a ll of the
y e a r !s su rvey s is issu e d after com pletion of the final a r e a
bulletin fo r the cu rren t round of su rv e y s.




Introduction ____________________________________________________________________
W age tren d s fo r selected occupational grou ps ____________________________

1
3

T ab les:
1.
2.

A:

B:

E stablish m en ts and w o rk e rs within scope o f s u r v e y ___________
Indexes of standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and stra ig h t-tim e
hourly earn in gs fo r selected occupational gro u p s, and
p ercents of in c re a se fo r selected p e r i o d s ______________________
Occupational earn in gs * A -1 : O ffice occupations ____________________________________________
A -2 :
P r o fe s s io n a l and technical occupations __________________
A -3;
M aintenance and p ow erplan t o c c u p a tio n s _________________
A -4 :
C ustodial and m a te ria l m ovem ent occupations _________
E stablish m en t p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age
p ro v isio n s * B - l : Shift d iffe ren tial p ro v isio n s ____________________________________
B -2 :
M inim um entrance ra tes fo r wom en office
w o rk e rs _____________________________________________________
B -3 :
Scheduled w eekly hours ____________________________________
B -4 :
P a id h o lid a y s _______________________________________________
B -5:
P a id v a c a tio n s _______________________________________________
B -6 :
Health, in su ran ce, and pension plans ____________________

Appen dix:

Job d escriptio n s _________________________________________________

* NOTE:
S im ila r tabulations fo r m ost of these item s a r e a v a ila ­
ble in the N ew Y o rk City a r e a re p o rts for A p r il 19 51, January 1952,
F e b r u a r y 1953, F e b r u a r y 1954, M a rc h 1955, and A p r il 1956.
The
1954 re p o rt also p ro v id es tabulations of w age structure c h a ra c t e r­
is tic s , lab o r-m a n a g e m e n t a greem en ts, and o v ertim e pay p ro v isio n s.
The 1955 re p o rt a lso includes data on frequency of w age paym ents,
and pay p ro visio n s fo r holidays failin g on nonw orkdays.
A d ire cto ry
indicating date o f study and the p ric e o f the re p o rts , as w e ll as
re p o rts fo r other m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon re q u est.
A re p o rt on occupational earn in gs and supplem entary w age p r a c ­
tices in the N ew Y o rk City a r e a is a ls o a v a ila b le for textile dyeing
and finishing (A p r il 1956).
Union s c a le s , indicative of p re v a ilin g
pay le v e ls , a r e av a ila b le fo r the follow in g trad es or in du stries:
B uilding construction, p rin tin g, lo c a l-tr a n s it operating em ployees,
and m o to rtru ck d r iv e r s .

2

3

4
8
9
10

13
14
15
15
16
17
18




Introduction
The New York City area is one of several important industrial
centers in which the Department of L a b o r’ s Bureau of Labor Statistics
has conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage bene­
fits on an areawide basis. In each area, data are obtained by personal
visits of Bureau field agents to representative establishments within
six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation (excluding
railroads), communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies, besides railroads, are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted also because they furnish insufficient employment in the occu­
pations studied to warrant inclusion. 1 W herever possible, separate
tabulations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions.

to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-tim e salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as r e ­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, except
for those below the minimum size studied.

Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they
relate to office and plant workers.
The term "office w o rk e rs ," as
used in this bulletin, includes all office clerica l employees and ex­
cludes administrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
"Plant w ork ers" include working forem en and all nonsupervisory w ork­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Adm inistrative, executive, professional, and technical employees, and
force-account construction employees who are utilized as a separate
work force are excluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are ex­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant workers
in nonmanufacturing industries.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occupational
structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earnings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational cla s­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of inter establishment variation in duties within the same
job (see appendix for listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) O ffice clerica l; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and power plant; and (d) custodial and m aterial movement.

Shift differential data (table B - l ) are lim ited to manufacturing
industries.
This information is presented both in term s of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 2 presented in term s of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used or, if no amount applied to a m ajority, the clas­
sification "oth er" was used.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w orkers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office clerica l occupations, reference is

Minimum entrance rates (table B-2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis.
Scheduled hours; paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statis­
tically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office

* This report was prepared in the Bureau’ s regional office in
New York, N. Y. , by F red erick W. M ueller, under the direction of
Paul E. Warwick, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See table 1 for m inim um -size establishment covered.




2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: ( l ) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late shifts.
(i)

2
workers if a m ajority of such w orkers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices listed. 3 Because of rounding, sums of indi­
vidual items in these tabulations do not n ecessarily equal totals.
The summary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arrange­
ments, excluding inform al plans whereby time o ff with pay is granted
at the discretion of the em ployer.
Separate estimates are provided
according to em ployer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-s-um amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis w ere converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 w eek’ s pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen’ s compensation and
social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com m er­
cial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or paid
directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund
set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which

have enacted tem porary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions, 4 plans are included only if the em ployer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law.
Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are lim ited to form al plans5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w o rk er’ s pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
( l ) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes re fe rre d to as extended
m edical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
em ployees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
M edical insurance re fers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured.
Tabulations of retirem ent pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
w ork er's life.

4 The tem porary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a form al plan if
it
3
Scheduled weekly hours for office w orkers (first section of established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
table B-3) are presented in term s of the proportion of women office
but inform al sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
workers employed in offices with the indicated weekly hours for women
w ork ers.
w ere excluded.
Table 1: Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied iu New York,
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
i n e s t a b l is h ­
m e n ts i n sco pe
o f s tu d y

I n d u s t r y d i v i s io n

A l l d i v i s io n s

_
_

_ _ _ _ _ _

_
_

_
_

_

__

__ _
_

_ __________

M a n u fa c t u rin g ____________________________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_
T r a n s p o r t a t io n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4
_
W h o le s a le t r a d e __ __ __ ______________________________ _____ __ __ _
R e t a i l t r a d e (e x c e p t l im it e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s ) _____________ ___
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
S e r v ic e s 6 _
______ __
_____ __ _____ ________ ,_____________

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W i t h in
sco p e o f
s tu d y 2

11
0
-

11
0
51

11
0
51
51

W o r k e r s i n e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W i t h in sco p e o f s tu d y

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
T o ta l 3

4 , 398

_________

by major industry division, April 1957

55 3

1 ,3 5 2
3 ,0 4 6

177
37 6

182
900
36 7
69 7
900

46
80
65
77
108

O ffic e

P la n t

T o ta l 3

1 ,3 9 4 ,2 0 0

4 1 5 ,8 0 0

6 3 1 ,8 0 0

5 9 6 ,4 4 0

960,200

4 3 4 ,0 0 0

8 5 ,5 0 0
3 3 0 ,3 0 0

262,

100
3 6 9 ,7 0 0

1 4 7 ,5 0 0
4 4 8 ,9 4 0

1 9 5 ,8 0 0
1 3 3 ,1 0 0
1 9 0 ,6 0 0
2 4 7 ,0 0 0
1 9 3 ,7 0 0

4 1 ,7 0 0
5 3 ,9 0 0
2 7 ,6 0 0
1 6 3 ,4 0 0
4 3 ,7 0 0

8 5 ,6 0 0
3 3 ,9 0 0
1 3 7 ,3 0 0
5 2 1 ,7 0 0

1 4 7 ,5 0 0
2 5 ,1 6 0
9 5 ,2 7 0
1 1 9 ,5 4 0
6 1 ,4 7 0

91,200

1 The New York City Area (Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, and Richmond Counties, N. Y. ).
The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate
description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estimates are not intended, howe.ver, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to
measure employment trends or levels since (l ) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (Zj small establishments
are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum-size limitation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
3 Includes executive, technical, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
4 Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation.
The publicly operated portion of New York's transit system is, as a government operation, excluded from the scope of the
studies.
5 Estimate relates to real estate establishments only.
4 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.




3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerica l
w orkers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
F o r office clerica l w orkers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-tim e salaries are paid.
F o r plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-tim e hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtim e and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically im ­
portant jobs within each group.
The office clerica l data are based
on women in the following 18 jobs: B illers, machine (billing ma­
chine); bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B; Comptometer
operators; clerks, file , class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; key-punch operators; office girls; secretaries; stenographers,
general; switchboard operators; switchboard operator-receptionists;
tabulating-machine operators; transcribing-machine operators, gen­
eral; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are based
on women industrial nurses. Men in the following 10 skilled mainte­
nance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were included in the plant worker
data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; mechanics; m e­
chanics, automotive; m illwrights; painters; pipefitters; sheet-metal
w orkers; and tool and die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and
cleaners; laborers, m aterial handling; and watchmen.
A verage weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings w ere then multiplied by the average of February
1953 and February 1954 employment in the job. These weighted earn­

ings for individual occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an a gg re­
gate for each occupational group.
Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for a given year to the aggregate for the base period (survey
month, winter 1952-53) was computed and the result multiplied by the
base year index (100) to get the index--'for the given year.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of ( l ) general
salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other increases in pay received
by individual w orkers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and r e ­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of lower paid w orkers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of w orkers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay fo r overtim e, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1956 for w orkers in 15 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1188, Wages and Related Benefits,
17 Labor Markets, 1955-56.

Table 2: Indexes of standard w eekly sa la ries and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in New York, N. Y. ,
A pril 1956 and A pril 1957 and p ercents of in crease for selected periods
Indexes
P ercen t in crea ses from ---(February 1953=100)
A pril 1956
M arch 1955 February 1954 February 1953 January 1952 January 1952
Industry and occupational group
to
A pril 19 56
to
to
to
to
A pril 1957
to
A pril 1956
M arch 1955 February 1954 F ebruary 1953 A pril 19/57
A pril 1957
A ll industries:
Office cle ric a l (women) _________________________________
Industrial n u rses (women) ______________________________
Skilled m aintenance (men) __________________ _______
U nskilled plant (men) __________________ __
_________
M anufacturing:
Office clerica l (women) __________________ __ _ _ ___
Industrial n u rses (women) ___ _ ___ _
___________
Skilled m aintenance (men)
U nskilled plant (men) ____________ _ ____ ________ _ _
1 R evised estim ate.




120.3
121.1
117.7
119.6

114. 3
115. 5
113.4
113. 5

5.2
4 .9
3.8
5 .3

5 .9
5. 1
3 .4
5.0

3.5
5 .4
5.0
2 .6

4. 3
4 .2
4. 5
5 .4

5.5
4 .4
6 .0
4. 7

26.9
26.5
24.8
25.2

122.8
127.5
119.4
123. 1

1116.0
121.7
113.2
114. 5

5.9
4 .8
5. 5
7 .5

5 .3
5 .0
3.2
3.8

4 .7
7 .4
4 .2
3.8

5.2
8 .0
5.2
6 .3

5.6
6.2
5.7
3.9

29.6
35.4
26.2
27.9

A: Occupational Earnings
T a b le A -1 : O f fic e O c c u p a tio n s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in New York, N. Y. , by industry division, April 1957)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
W
eekly . 35.00
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard)
40. 00
Weekly,

$
55.00

$
40. 00

$
45. 00

$
50. 00

45. 00

■
50. 00

“
55. 00

60. 00

.
_

_
_
_
.
_
_
171

$
$
$
60. 00 65. 00 70.00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

$
85.00

$
90. 00

80. 00

~
85. 00

"
90. 00

■
■
95. 00 LOO. 00

418
91
327
56
97
9
122
43

454
9?
357
25
114
33
104
81

433
113
320
50
108
8
119
35

495
127
368
40
106
37
107
78

462
63
399
35
145
17
139
63

350
88
262
26
32
2
157
45

325
68
257
110
86
15
21
25

106
40
66
14
16

138
14
124
20
83

28
8

15
6

426
59
367
35
75
16
179
62

286
104
182
33
52
5
76
16

229
56
173
14
36
36
39
48

131
21
110
27
74
1
4
4

99
45
54
15
32
1
6

99
18
81
62
14
2
3
-

56
21
35
1
14
1
16
3

67
17
50
18
30

10
2
8
6

-

2
-

_
2
-

144
37
107
97

215
40
175
171

302
72
230
221

141
52
89
72

212
69
143
137

115
9
106
95

89
28
61
59

89
40
49
49

22
7
15
15

48
29
19
6
11
_

81
19
62
13
11
4

124
73
51
10
13
23

113
n
99
47
18
32

43
---- 13
30
15

14
12
2

19
11
8
7
1
_

41
14
27

18
----- 2
16
13

8
------8

■
65. 00

■
■
70. 00 75.00

71
10
61
1
18
2
6
34

163
32
131
12
33
17
58
11

338
25
313
9
88
3
187
26

368
32
336
8
10
14
234
70

445
104
341
26
74
66
118
57
306
11
295
287

»
95.00

$
$
$
$
$
100.00 105. 00 110. 00 115. 00 120. 00
and
■
“
■
105.00 110. 00 115. 00 120. 00 over

Men
4, 067
830
3, 237
467
1,000
155
1, 125
490

36. 0
36. 0
36. 0
37. 0
36. 0
38. 0
35. 5
36. 5

«P
87.
88.
87.
96.
88.
84.
84.
84.

50
50
00
00
00
00
50
50

R etail trade 2 ________________________________________
Finance
___________________________________________
Services ------- ---------------------------------------------------------

2, 508
514
1,994
254
447
165
815
313

36.
36.
36.
37.
37.
37.
36.
36.

5
5
5
5
0
5
0
5

68.
73.
67.
79.
73.
63.
62.
63.

50
00
50
50
50
50
50
50

_
-

1
10

-

C le rk s , order ___________ ____ ___ _____________________
Manufacturing ______________________ ________________
N on m an ufacturin g__________ _________________________
W holesale trade

1,850
415
1,435
1, 351

37.
36.
37.
37.

0
5
5
5

75. 50
79.00
74. 50
74. 50

C le rk s , p a y r o ll _____________ __ _________________________
M an u factu rin g_______________ _________________________
N on m an ufacturin g___ _________________________________
Public utilities *
W holesale trade ___________ _______________________
S ervices
_
_

710
261
449
126
95
171

37.
37.
36.
36.
36.
36.

0
5
5
5
0
5

79. 00
80.00
78. 50
84. 00
73. 50
77. 50

Office boys __________________________________________________
Manufacturing
N on m an u factu rin g______________________________________
■Public utilities *
W holesale trade ____________________ __ __________
Retail trade 2 ________________________________________
Finance * * ________ _________________________________
Services __________ _________________________________

7, 465
2, 074
5, 391
350
1, 368
254
1 ,8 2 6
1,593

Tabulating-m achine operators __________________________
Manufacturing
Nonma niifactnri ng
. . _
Public utilities *
..
W holesale trade ____________________________________
R etail trade 2 ________________________________________
Pinanc e * *
........ . .
Services
... .

2, 832
432
2, 400
205
322
185
1,431
257

36.
36.
36.
38.
36.
37.
36.
35.

5
0
5
5
5
5
0
5

73.
77.
73.
84.
77.
71.
69.
77.

50
50
00
00
50
50
50
00

1,776
463
1,313
585
513
139

36.
36.
36.
37.
35.
36.

5
5
5
0
5
0

64.
65.
63.
66.
59.
63.

00
50
50
50
00
50

C le rk s , accounting, c la ss A _______________________ ____
M an u factu rin g __________________________________________
N on m an ufacturin g______________________________________

R etail trade 2 ________________________________________

C le rk s , accounting, class B _____
Nonm anufacturing

__ _____

__ __________________

_________________________

_
-

.
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

29
18
11

78
3
75

_

-

16
2
53
4

171
9
20
20
79
43

_
_

_
_

12
12
12

55
10
45
43

134
36
98
85

-

-

8
----- 8----

_
_

_

_
_

16
16
2
5
7

58
14
44
10
30
3

_
-

2126
36. 0
49. 50 267
1589
“3870— ...5 2 ; 0 0 ' ~ T 7 — “ 249---1340
36. 0
250
1522
49. 00
51. 50
48
110
36. 5
4
230
36. 0
52. 00
255
45. 00
108
37. 5
122
534
95
35. 5
49. 00
469
36. 5
46. 50
151
395
591
_
_
_
_
_
_

6
_
6

18
_
18

6
_
_

3
1
13
1

53
79
— r i — ■ ”30 ‘ '
38
49
7
1
1
33
37

1846
873
378
“ 570---- “157— "T38—
516
240
1276
98
66
8
221
422
119
5
19
84
133
409
3 28
91
29

227
“9?
133
7
54
67
5

92
~ “zi—
71
53
18

10
17

136
224
----- 3
---- ----- 9
133
215
1
1
31
13
22
82
169
6
23

412
44
368
6
23
26
272
41

363
71
292
14
21
21
204
32

411
“ 78
333
10
34
23
230
36

397
64
333
27
56
36
196
18

2 21
18
203
51
93
27

421
159
262
127
103
27

372
95
277
230
43
“

276
85
191
89
45
42

109
45
64
26
31
6

-

90
4
86
12
44
1
6
23

224
58
166
57
30
56
12

14
14
_

_
_
-

_
_
-

-

-

-

8
2
6
5

4
2
2
2

2
2
1

-

10
10
12
----- 8— ----- 5— ------3----7
2
9
7
1
2
_
_
7

13

2

22
------9
13
1
2
10

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

284
39
245
39
45
13
117
31

181
43
138
19
22
15
65
17

183
28
155
83
5
5
47
15

97
17
80
4
70
6
_

66
27
39
1
5
10
9
14

15
7
8
_
1
6
1

31
2
29
15
14

6
_
6
_
_
6

_
2

41
11
30
26
2

4
3
1
1
-

1
1
_
_
-

-

13

_
_
-

13
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
-

■

“

_

■

“

“

2
_
2

Women
B ille r s , machine (billin g machine) _____________________
Manufacturing
......
Nonmamifac.turing
__
_ ___
W holesale trade
Services __________

_________________________________

_

.

20

_
_
_

_
_
-

20

"

-

See footnotes at end of table.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
** Finance, insurance, and real estate.




18
2

269
37
232
17
180
33

29
9 '
20
18

Occupational Wage Survey, New York, N. Y. , April 1957
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

-

5

T a b le A -1 : O f fic e O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d
(A v e ra g e straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a basis
in N ew York, N . Y. , by industry division, A p ril 1957)
Avebaqe
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
W
eekly , 35. 00
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40. 00
W
eeklyj

$
40. 00

$
45. 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

$
85. 00

$
90. 00

45. 00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75.00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00 100.00 105. 00 n o . oo 115.00 120.00

$
$
$
$
$
$
95. 00 100.00 105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00 120.00
and
over

Wom en - Continued
1,337
B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping machine) __
_ _____
Manufacturing
_ _ _ _ __ _ __ __ ---- _
------- — 3TT“ “
1,018
Nonmanufacturing _____ _____ __ ________ __ __ _
274
R etail tr a d e 2 __ __ _ ____ ____
_ __
__ __

36.0
65. 00
3575.. " 64. 00
36. 0
65. 50
38. 0
64. 00

_
-

8
8

-

-

Bookkeeping-m achine o p erators, c la ss A _____________
Manufacturing
_ _
__ ____ __
_ ____
Nonmanufacturing
_ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ __ _ __ _____
W holesale trade _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ ------Retail tr a d e 2 __
_
---_ __ --- ---- __
F in a n c e ** _ __
__
_ _ __
___

1,997
498
1,499
400
129
861

37.
36.
37.
37.
39.
37.

0
5
5
5
0
0

71. 50
73. 00
71.00
72. 50
67. 50
70. 50

_
-

_
-

Bookkeeping-m achine operators, c la ss B
M an u factu rin g__________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing __ _____ __ __ __ _ ___________
Public utilities * _____
_____
_ ______ __ _
W holesale trade ____________________________________
Retail tr a d e 2 _____ __ __ _
__ ___
______
F in a n c e ** __ ------- — _ ------ ------- _ __ -----S ervices
_ __ _ _________ ____ __ __ ___

6, 223
600
5, 623
129
561
191
4, 520
222

36.
36.
36.
38.
37.
37.
35.
36.

0
0
0
0
0
5
5
0

61.
69.
60.
69.
66.
63.
58.
67.

C le rk s , accounting, c la ss A _ _ __ _ _ _ ________
Manufacturing __
__ __ _ __ __ ___ _____ _ _____
N onm anufacturing___ __ _ __ __ _____ _______ __
Public utilities * __ __ __ ------- ----------------- -----W holesale trade ____________________________________
R etail trade 2 __ __ _ __
_ _______ ____________
F in a n c e ** _ __ __ __ _ __ _______________ __ _
S e r v i c e s ----------------------------------------------------------------

3, 348
70S
2, 550
192
697
358
598
705

C le rk s , accounting, class B _____________________________
M an u factu rin g ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing __ __ _ __ __ _____ ____ — _
Public utilities * _ ___________ __________
_ __
W holesale trade _ ________________ _______________
Retail t r a d e 2 _____ __ _____ _ _________ _______
F in a n c e ** _ _____ ______ ____ __ __ ______ ___
Services
__ __ _ ____ _______ _________________

6, 497
5, 510
437
1,099
1, 325
1, 507
1, 142

C le rk s , file, class A _____________________________________
Manufacturing _ __ __ __ _____ ______________________
N onm anufacturing______________ __ __________________
Public utilities * _______ __ __ __________________
W holesale trade ____________________________________
F in a n c e ** __ _____ __ ________ __________________
Services _ _ _______ _____________ __ ___________
C le rk s , file , c la ss B
__ __ _________________________
Manufacturing __ ------ ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __ _______________________ _______
Public utilities * __
_______________________________
W holesale trade __ _____ ___________________ ____
Retail trade 2 ________________________________________
Finance * * ______________________ ___________________
Services ----------------------------------------------------------------

00
00
00
50
50
00
50
50

36. 5
76. 50
"3570---- —8 T W
36. 5
75. 50
36. 5
88. 00
37. 0
75. 50
37. 5
73. 50
35. 5
74. 50
74. 00
36. 0

-

_
-

“

-

-

-

329
74
255
60
7
178

375
112
263
76
20
138

433
135
298
76
23
170

166
45
121
32
24
62

117
50
67
21
41

45
6
39
6
27

33
4
29
26
3

4
4
-

6
6
1
-

_
-

_
_

-

-

-

-

32
32
32
-

419
15
404
6
9
387
2

1295
45
1250
8
61
14
1163
4

1526
71
1455
50
38
1341
26

1048
134
914
28
99
58
685
44

734
76
658
14
74
24
515
31

671
114
557
42
164
19
245
87

235
32
203
12
68
17
94
12

150
40
110
23
25
3
49
10

68
31
37
2
14
8
7
6

19
18
1
1
-

10
10
-

4
4
-

10
8
2
2

2
2
-

-

-

-

_
-

340
371
44 — n r
327
228
4
5
85
86
57
26
35
115
77
65

575
119
456
10
103
99
93
151

635
96
539
37
180
79
81
162

472
~T83
289
40
37
31
51
130

336
---- 78
258
33
78
46
53
48

114
34
80
15
24
1
28
12

58
— 20
38
14
15
9
-

40
21
19
9
7
3

22
5
17
13
4

3
3
3
-

7
5
2
2
-

-

-

6
2
4
3
1
-

1
1
-

15
4
11
11
-

5
5
3
2
"

-

8
8
-

10
10
-

3
3
-

8
8
-

-

-

-

-

227
227
4
107
114
2

2, 816
571
2, 245
203
482
1,250
256

66. 00
36. 0
■3878---- '73.00
36. 5
64. 00
36. 5
72. 50
64. 00
36..0
36. 5
62. 50
36. 0
65. 00

_
-

18
18
4
14

8, 767
1,336
7, 431
819
917
719
4, 328
648

36. 5
52. 00
3 0 5 ----- 3 6 .' 50
36. 5
51.00
37. 5
55. 00
37. 0
53. 50
37. 5
48. 00
50. 00
36. 0
36. 0
52. 00

204
204
190
14

1266
119
1147
93
66
264
654
70

-

See footnotes at end of table.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
** Finance, insurance, and real estate.




_
-

322
39
283
78
16
183

14
141
9
- -------- j - -------- 5“
14
6
136
1
38
8
73
14
6
16
438
76
362
17
181
109
55

971
139
832
20
48
318
215
231

43
359
------- 5~ ------27“
37
332
6
55
237
33
4
33
2263
2348
' 273.. .. 323
1990
2025
227
151
190
223
120
232
1326
1194
223
129

2
2

_
-

149
29
120
24
37
54

_
-

15
7

_
-

-

_

18
7

11
------ 6
5
-

4
------ J —

16
16
5

-

W ?

24
3
21
------ g— ------ g— ------j-----

2
2
2
-

_
-

5
0
5
0
5
5
0
0

101
— 37“
64
45

l
l
l

62. 00
64. 50
61. 50
71.00
67. 00
56. 50
59. 00
61. 00

36.
36.
36.
37.
36.
37.
36.
36.

36
246
106
142
335
299
24 -------33“ -------53“ -------S T -------I T ---- 43
284
12
73
201
246
89
12
41
55
31
32
41

211
— 73—
138
6
44
11
57
20

-

"

1182
110
1072
56
129
228
405
254

1237
195
1044
36
254
166
318
270

1026
157
869
81
252
246
158
132

666
150
516
100
181
52
63
120

353
75—
277
58
95
15
62
47

162
18
144
37
30
10
40
27

111
23
88
16
50
1
17
4

60
18
42
27
13
2
“

20
18
2
2

17
2
15
15
-

569
109
460
18
88
287
30

603
------9T“
508
28
129
287
55

371
61
310
37
102
147
22

265
50
215
23
55
83
52

206
53
153
38
21
81
1.
2

153
46“
107
17
23
49
17

68
18
50
12
5
29
4

81
34
47
24
2
7
13

32
24
8
2
6
-

19
19

337
17)4“
233
85
40
17
62
29

166
81
85
38
5
38
4

101
71----30
22
7
1

52
28
24
13
1
?
8

32
21
11
7
4

7
1
6
4
2

1
1
-

1
1
-

1334
196
1138
124
239
47
653
75

655
117
538
55
159
33
196
95

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

6
T a b le A -1 : O f fic e O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d
( A v e ra g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on an a re a b a s is
in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , by i n d u s t r y d i v i s io n , A p r i l 1 9 5 7 )

Average
Sex, occupation,

and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
W
eekly , W
eekly , 35. 00
hours 1 earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40. 00

$
40. 00

$
45. 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

$
70.00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

$
$
85. 00 90.00

45. 00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90.00

_
-

25
1
24
3
21

114
114
84
30

260
ro5"
154
81
72

346
154
192
126
61

397
221
176
122
53

295
129
166
147
19

329
61
268
237
22

169
8l
88
79
9

140
78
61
50

_
_

84
16
68
11
28
11
18

256
154
7
10
52
27
58

344
97
247
5
71
58
35
78

412
133
279
i3
68
52
92
54

406
206
200
16
20
52
57
55

361
164
197
16
44
36
34
67

338
88
250
19
108
44
41
38

624
158
466
47
74
146
129
70

1005
13*
866
80
246
182
231
127

811
140
671
109
165
185
139
73

690
151
539
111
130
95
152
51

414
111
303
15
67
56
96
69

$
$
$
$
$
$
95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
and

95. 00 100.00 105. 00 n o . oo 115.00 120.00 over

Women - Continued
C le rk s , ord e r _______________________________________________
M an u factu rin g___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_
_ _
W holesale trade _____________________________________
R etail trade 2 _________________________________________

2, 104
859
1,245
929
289

36.
36.
37.
36.
38.

5
5
0
5
5

$
63. 50
65. 00
63.00
64. 50
57. 50

C le rk s , p a y r o ll _____________________________________________
Manufacturing _
N onm anufacturing__________ _____ _____ ____________
Public utilities * ______________________________ _____
W holesale trade _____ ________ ________ __ _____
Retail trade 2 _________________________________________
F in a n c e **
_
__
__
Services ------------------------------------------------------------------

2,797
1,036
1,761
133
419
386
398
425

36. 5
36. 5
36. 5
37. 0
36.0
38. 0
35. 5
36. 5

73.00
73. 00
73.00
72. 50
77. 00
68. 00
74. 50
81. 50

_
-

13
2
11
11
-

79
45
34
15
1
13
5
-

Com ptom eter o p e r a t o r s ___________________________________
M an u factu rin g ___________________________________________
N on m an ufacturin g_______________________________________
Public utilities *
W holesale trade _____________________________________
Retail trade 2 _________________________________________
Finance * * ------- ----------------------------- ----------------- Services ______________ ______________________________

4,415

36.
36.
36.
36.
37.
37.
35.
36.

66.
68.
65.
70.
65.
63.
64.
66.

00
50
00
50
00
00
50
00

_
-

21
21
11
10
-

160
10
150
7
116
27

36. 5
37. 0
36. 5

58. 00
59. 56
56. 50

36.
36.
36.
38.
36.
37.
36.
36.

61.
65.
60.
62.
63.
56.
60.
60.

00
50
50
50
00
50
00
00

49.
49.
49.
47.
48.
49.

254
58
00
50 ~~Z5 ---- ------ 55“
33
00
199
6
50
33
50
16
27
111
50

Duplicating-m achine operators (m im eograph
or ditto) ___________________________________ _______________
M an u factu rin g ----------- ---------------------- ----------------- __
N on m an u factu rin g__________ __________________ ______
Key-punch operators _______________________________________
M an u factu rin g_________________________________ ________
N on m an ufactu rin g_______________________________________
Public utilities * _____________________________________
W holesale trade _____________________________________
Retail tr a d e 2 ________ __ __ _______________________
Finance * * ____________________________________________
Services ___ _____ _____ __________________________

615

3,540
455
804
1,048
821
412

263
116
147
5, 168
892“
4, 336
578
650
533
2, 207
368

5
5
5
0
0
0
5
0

5
5
5
0
5
5
0
0

Office girls
1,834
36. 5
M an u factu rin g __________________ ____________ __ _ __ ----- 595“ “ 5775—
36. 0
N onm anufacturing____________________________________ __ 1,468
384
36. 0
Public utilities * ___________________ ________________
133
36. 0
W holesale trade ___________________ ________________
36. 0
807
F i n a n c e * * ---------------------------------------------------------------

36. 0
82. 50
S ecretaries _______________________________________________ _ 34,062
97490 " "9575— ” 55750“
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
36. 0
80. 50
N on m an ufacturin g_______________________________________ 24,572
1,908
37. 0
Public utilities * _______________ ___________________
89. 00
80. 50
6, 730
36. 0
W holesale trade _____________________________________
37. 5
76. 00
Retail trade 2 _________________________________________
1,489
36. 0
81. 50
7,172
Finance * * --------------------------------------------------------------Services ______________________________________________
7, 273
36. 0
78. 50

-

-

383
25
258
6
58
151
39
4

-

9
5
4

43
43

78
50
28

38
10
28

34
21
13

-

194
17
177
50
59
68
-

333
56
277
78
14
55
127
3

735
60
675
77
54
95
361
88

1014
126
888
79
77
75
579
78

1146
148
998
112
124
149
490
123

806
110
696
311
65
295

494
104
72
111 ------ 2T~ ------ 33“
383
83
39
1
33
4
47
1
67
17
259

-

.
-

.
-

_
-

-

"

“

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
** Finance, insurance, and real estate.




VST

32
168
- -------- 8“
32
160

-

16
16

-

55
6
40
59

723
16l
562
26
106
81
73
276

2260
596
1664
82
271
147
411
753

20
12
7 ------5 ~
13
7

8
6
2
_
2

_
_

1
1
_
-

-

-

-

133
49
84
8
43
6
22
5

179
43
136
17
24
19
59
17

62
23
39
2
15
13
7
2

64
28
36
_
4
2
4
26

34
27
7
4
2
1
-

16
3
13
_
4
3
6

4
3
1
_
_
l

12
7
5
_
5
_
-

167
57
110
27
26
41
5
11

101
45
56
12
10
31
3
-

99
27
72
35
10
20
7

28
8
20
13
7
-

7
4
3
3
-

2
2
2
-

1
1
1
-

l
l
_
l
-

1
1
1
"

25
18
7

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_
*

-

128
60
68
29
27
12

45
26
19
9
3
6
1

32
17
15
2
12
1

12
8
4
4
-

3
1
2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

851
144
707
80
220
75
300
32

442
91
351
61
40
25
198
35

233
78
155
53
33
62
7

40
5
35

1
1
-

4
4
-

-

31

-

-

-

1
------1
-----

-

-

*

3541 4005
772
914
2769 3031
124
168
566
690
314
150
757
975
1008 1048

-

-

5295
T3T5
3979
225
1423
204
1076
1051

5268
TT00
4168
257
1382
182
1456
891

_
_
_

3
-------3
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

’

3879
1922
2857
163
928
162
751
853

2856
“ 895
I960
234
601
103
615
407

1634
584
1050
126
278
78
317
251

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

*

-

•

-

i

i
_

"

■

937
1499
“ 570— “ 397
540
829
120
172
145
85
29
11
236
213
247
11
1

-

526
' 2'49—
277
56
87
7
49
78

473
'210
263
58
65
4
60
76

16
16
_
_

-

-

_
-

■

3966
“555—
431
97
48
11
127
148

7
Ta b le A~1: O ffice O c c u p a t io n s - Continue d
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , by in d u s t ry d iv is io n , A p r i l 1957)
A vbraqb
Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

Number
of
workers

a n d in d u s t ry d iv is io n

Weekly,
hours
(Stamford)

N U M B E R OF W ORKERS REC EIV IN G STR AIG HT-TIM E W E E K LY EA R NIN G S OF—

Weekly,
earnings
(Standard)

$
35 . 00
and
under
40 . 00

$
4 0 . 00

S
4 5 . 00

$
50 . 00

$
55 . 0 0

$
6 0 . 00

$
65 . 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

4 5 . 00

5 0 . 00

55 . 00

60. 0 0

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 .0 0

80. 00

8 5 . 00

2361

3915

%

$

90. 00

$
9 5 .0 0

$
$
1 0 0 . 00 1 0 5 .0 0

9 0 . 00

95. 00

10 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

85 . 00

$
1 10 .0 0

$
$
11 5. 00 1 2 0 . 0 0
and

1 1 0 . 00

1 15 . 00 1 7 0 . 0 0

W o m e n - C o n t in u e d

S te n o g ra p h e rs,

g e n eral

M a n u fa c tu rin g

„

. . .

1 7 ,3 4 6

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____ ___
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
W h o le s a le t r a d e
R e t a il t r a d e 2 _
F in a n c e * *
__

_

_

_

_
__

. . .
_

_
_

_

S e r v i c e . --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

S t e n o g r a p h e rs , te c h n ic a l
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

_
_

_
_
.

.

__ __
_ ___

_

_

_

_

_

W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __ ___ _
R e t a il tr a d e 2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_
F i n a n c e * * _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _____
S e rv ic e s
_ _ _ _ _ _

------

_

_

M a n u fa c tu rin g _ _ _ _ _ _ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_ _ _ _ _ _
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _ _ _ _ _

.
_

__
_

_

_

.

_ _ _ _ _
___
_

2 ,8 3 3
458
6 ,0 2 8
1 ,6 3 6

113
171

7 0 .0 0
6 5 . 50
67 . 50
6 6 . 50
6 3 .0 0
64. 00

_
_

_
_

_

3 5 .5
7 9 .0 0
" 1 5 : 5 “ “ 8 3 . 50
36. 0
7 5 . 00
37. 5
79. 00
36. 5
75. 00

37. 0
36. 0

6 4 . 50
7 2 .0 0

5, 531
546
830
553
1 ,9 3 0
1 ,6 7 2

3 7 .0
38. 0
36 . 5
38. 5
36. 5
37. 5

6 3 . 50
67 . 0 0

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s
_
__
_ _
M a n u fa c tu rin g _
___
_ __ _
__ _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * __
__ __
_
__ _ . __
W h o le s a le t r a d e
__
—
____
____
R e t a il t r a d e 2
_________ . _____ _
__
___________
F in a n c e ** _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _
S e r v ic e s
_ _ _ _ _
_ ___ _

2, 388
—
1 ,4 0 2
127
555
171

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
_
___ _
M a n u fa c tu rin g
_ _ _ _ _ _
__
__
_ _
___
_
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_ _
_
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _____________________________________________
F i n a n c e * * _________
__ ______ ___
_
_

1 ,0 6 4
------897
234

T r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l _______________
M a n u fa c tu rin g
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
___
_
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_
_
_
W h o le s a le t r a d e _ _ _ _ _
F in a n c e * *
_
S e rv ic e s

2 ,3 7 5
56*
1 ,7 9 2
604

164
385

lET~

458

888
115

37. 0
* 7 .0
37. 0
3 7 .0

.

17

-

1
16
_
-

_
-

67.
58.
64.
61.

00
50
00
00

— lW

926
90

16

1
193
4

61

.
-

”

T

-

.

-

-

9

39
-

120
2
11 8
23
-

— W

39
26
-

65
22
8

95
---------45“
50
15
7
8
5
12

9
-

-

46
'"1 3 "
33
-

—

688
W
36 8
32
18 7
67
5
77

54
-

87
-

54
12

87
15
31

167
6l
106
28
68

3 7 .0
38. 0
36. 5
37. 5

”

-

7

37. 0
* 6 .5 '
37. 0
38. 5
36. 5

7 1 . 00
7 0 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
7 5 . 00
7 1 . 50

-

-

17
17
13

*

-

-

5

36. 0
3 6 .0
35. 5
35. 5
35. 5

.

.

34 3

-

-

35
3
32

131

66. 00

29
102

_
-

1
27

3
82

91
252
17
204

2

5

36.0

6 6 . 50
6 7 . 50
6 9 .0 0
6 4 . 50
6 7 .0 0

7
3

26
-

115
6
12
13
41
43

—

1896
248
52 6
62
758

620
97
1 0 69
484

1W

30 2

1703
5oT
110 0
13 3

1040
554

29 9
11

131
12

479
17 8

334

h~221

486
10 8

149
86

113
29
28
3
45
8

153
124
15 2
--------- 58“ --------- 5 F — 7?
181
50
95
96
12
14
10
22
17
12
41
39

60
13
21

18 2

432
—

m~

23 9
29
88
6
17
99

173
26
147
7
122

82 0
11 6

520

704
85
192
56
218

42 9
43
14 9
7
141

22
11
60

153

89

21

304
1*8
166
8
45
16
15
82

15 4
38
116
25
42

427

212

50 8
67
441
170
180

29

26

21

528
l5 l
377
95

—

95 --------- 4 2
2g r

— W

179

413
r n r
297
13
103
47
67
67

-

149
-------- 5 3 -

2694

1264
10 3 5
1234
g r — n r h
19?”
922
1037
83
185
153
17 8
i oo
59
448
392

1184
54
81
87
314
64 8

6 4 . 00
6 5 . 00
63. 00
69 . 50
6 4 .0 0
60 . 0 0
6 0 . 00
62. 50

'

26
I T ....
10
-

828

808
21
53
133
268
333

3533
FM o~
2533
263

¥ S T ------ 9 T F
1878
2997
292
162
67 5
37 8
100
120
1588
1 0 75
163
322

2
9 ----------- 2
-

-

13

.
_
-

—

13 4
45
596

-

See fo o tn o tes a t en d o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ,
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




1122

253
47
206
8
_

-

6 7 .0 0

6 ,3 4 6
815

.

_
_

3 6 .0
36. 5
36. 0
3 6 .0
3 6 .0
3 6 .0

1 ,1 3 0
516
614

.

P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * __ _____
_
_
_
F in a n c e ** _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

S w itc h b o a rd o p e ra t o r s _

__
_

_

35. 5

1 2 ,3 0 8
1 ,3 5 3

_
__

$
6 6 . 50

36. 0

5 ,0 * 6

_ _ _ _ _ _ _

91

19 6
98
98
6
60
15
15
2

168
-------- F 5 ~
153
33
91

212

101

66

326
205
65

146
67

66

8

247
---------87“
160
46

75

--------

TT —
48
7
32
1
8

111
14
97
38
57

92
40
52

13

28
9

228
15 0
78
7
26
5
37

141
94
47
27
4

44

52
94
3

12
32
-

41
n —
28
26
2
-

53

6
47
21
16

4
28

.
-

70
7
63
36

22

45
—

4
2
-

n~~
4
-

1
_
1
-

—

-

1
-

13

-

"

~

34
27
7
-

33
29
4
-

22
22

6
6
-

2
2

7

4

43
39
4
3
-

4

-

4
_

1

-

18
18
-

~

5
-

•

2
2
_
-

.

.

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

j
1

1
4

)
“

14

10

6

8

5
2

7
2

2

3
-

1

.

■

-

-

5

3

-

.
-

_
-

17

1

-

1
-

12

39
29

2

-

2
-

56

3

-

15

17

8

!

6

32
-

8

3

14 6

2
9
63
17

93
------ 5(5
43
13
10
-

3

-

■

4
4
4

.

.

.

-

-

-

_

“

■

_

_

5

-

-

-

5

2
-

2

-

-

5

2

8
T a b le A - l: O f fic e O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d
(A v erage 3traight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a re a basis
in New Y ork, N. Y. , by industry division, A p ril 1957)
Average
Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
W
eekly,
Weekly , 35. 00
hours 1 earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40. 00

W omen - Continued

$
40. 00

$
45. 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

70. 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

85.00

45. 00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

$
$
$
$
95. 00 100. 00 105.CO n o . oo 115.00 120.00
$
and
95. 00 100. 00 105. 00 110.00 115. 00 120.00 over
90. 00

T y p ists, class A ------------------------------------------------------------M an u factu rin g __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public utilities * ____________________________________
W holesale trade ____________________________________
Retail trade 2 ________________________________________
Finance * * ___________________________________________
Services _____________________________________________

7, 731
1, 527
6, 204
731
1,153
150
3, 225
945

36.
36.
36.
36.
36.
36.
35.
36.

0
0
0
0
0
5
5
5

$
64.
68.
63.
63.
67.
62.
60.
67.

50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50

_
-

24
24
10
14

230
11
219
155
59
5

881
91
790
129
63
9
539
50

1656
221
1435
66
158
48
1034
129

1720
265
1455
78
333
49
813
182

1 174
359
815
118
176
2.4
338
159

863
250
613
49
156
10
270
128

530
90
440
19
133
8
109
171

236
86
150
7
56
2
20
65

117
37
80
16
41
8
15

158
39
119
78
17
_
7
17

63
32
31
7
6
8
10

45
27
18
2
14
_
2
-

Typists, class B __________________________________________
Manufacturing
. .
. __
N on m an ufacturin g______________________________________
Public utilities * ____________________________________
W holesale trade _
_ _
.
_
Retail trade 2 __________________________________ ______
Finance * *
___
Services „ _____________________________ ___________

14,316
2, 552
11,764
653
1, 568
704
7,059
1,780

36.
36.
36.
37.
36.
37.
36.
36.

0
0
0
5
0
0
0
0

56.
61.
55.
60.
59.
52.
54.
58.

50
00
50
00
50
50
00
50

42

60
485
27

3743
490
3253
193
323
226
2157
354

3505
500
3005
143
420
157
1782
503

2426
577
1849
91
343
65
900
4 50

1260
232
1028
92
273
20
335
308

457
162
295
40
56
6
121
72

349
233
116
23
60
3
17
13

112
71
41
18
14
1
3
5

32
27
5
2
.
2
1
_

30
23
7
7
_
_
_

1

40
2

1730
180
1550
44
77
164
1219
46

2
2

42

627
55
572

-

-

1
2
3
*
**

-

-

-

22
7
15
7
_
.
8
-

-

.
_
_
_

.
_

-

_
_
_
_
_
.
_
-

12
12
_
_
_
_
_
-

_

1

-

-

.
_

_
1
_

_
_
-

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

.

_
_
_
_
_
-

-

-

_

_
_
_

Standard hours reflect the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees receive their re g u la r straignt-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Excludes lim ite d -p ric e variety stores.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 496 at $120 to $130; 295 at $130 to $140; 175 at $140 and over.
Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and re a l estate.

T a b le A - 2 : P ro fe s s io n a l a n d T e c h n ic a l O c c u p a tio n s
(A v e ra g e straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a rea b asis
in New Y ork, N. Y. , by industry division, A p ril 1957)

Ae a e
vrg
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Draftsm en, leader _____
M an u factu rin g_______
N on m an ufacturin g___
D raftsm en, s e n i o r _____
Manufacturing ________
N on m an ufacturin g___
Public utilities *
Services __________
D raftsm en, junior ______
M an u factu rin g________
N on m an ufacturin g____
Public utilities * __
S ervices ___________
T ra c e rs ___________________

N u rs e s , industrial (re g iste re d ) .
M anufacturing .
Nonm anufacturing___
Public utilities * .
Retail trade 6 ___
Finance * * -----------

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

W
eekly j
(Standard)

72
1
25
3
47
7
3 18
, 1
1,398
1,720
10
0
1,464
167
, 3
51
6
96
7
13
3
76
5
17
3

3.5
8
3.0
8
3.0
9
3.0
8
3.5
7
3.5
8
3.5
5
39.0
3.0
8
3.0
8
3.5
8
3.5
6
39.0
3.0
9

63
0
24
2
39
7
8
3
6
8
14
6

3 .0
7
3.5
7
3.0
7
3 .0
7
3.5
8
3.0
6

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF1
$
'$
$
$
|
$
$
$
$
I
s
I
s
$
$
I
S
$
$
I
s
S
|
l
|
S
I
s
W
eekly ,
6 . 0 7 . 0 7 . 0 8 . 0 8 . 0 9 . 0 9 0 | 0 . 0 0 . 0 10 0 ; 115 01 0.00 125 0,130.00'135.00! 1 0 0 145 0 150 0 155.00 16 .0
5 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 5. 0 1 0 01 5 01 . 0 .0 2
.0
4 .0 | .0
.0
0 0
earnings Under 6
an8°
(Standard)
ana
under
to. 0 6 . 0 7 . 0 7 . 0 8 . 0 8 . 0 9 . 0 9 . 0 ,10 . O
0 5 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 5 0 0 o!l05.00 110. 00jJ15. Ooil 20.00125.00i 30.00!l 35.0o|l 40.00U45.0o|l 50.00 155.00 160.00 over
1
I
1
i
$
i
1 i 1 2
4
3
3 11
8 1
7 i 8
1
190
4. 0
3
1
5
5 7
2
7 27
2
- j
151.50
2
1
2 11
3
4 ! 11
i
1
3
7
2
1
1 1
7 ~*~90"
180
4. 0
6
7 7
I
! l ! i
2
4
1 10
5 0
2
3
4 3
4
1 !31 7
0
3
17 0
1. 0
3
7 7
8
15 28
5
0
2 3 I2 6
0
27 34
0
20 23 ! 39 14
8
2
6
6
0
12 19
2
9
4
5
5
4 6
2
3 | 22
6
0
10 14
2
4
13 12 ! 12 12
4
4
108.00
5
2
5 55
5
5
7
16
2
2
6
2
6
3
1
6
1
6 1 —
7
19 9
0
4
6 ! 8 ! 55 2 2
0
14 5
2. 0
4
3
3
5 6
4
11 16
7
6
1
2 2
1
23
2
7
8
9 18
6 2
3
8 4
6
3
0
15
9
_
_
6
14 5
1. 0
3
1
0
7
3 1 6 I
2
3
1
0
9 i
4
1
2
4 !
3
6
44
16 5
2. 0
1
2
2
2 4
6
4
3 !13
2 9
10 15 ! 18
5
6
0
1
1
1
3
9
9 13
2 0
3
6 4
5
3 41 0
0
9
1
5
27 25 14
1
9
3
12 14
1
1
7.5
8 0 8
9
8
3 1 5
5
1 ! 2
4
22 18
4
8
9
9
1 22
_
_
_
8
6
4 | 5
7.0
2 0 5
1
14 9
4
9
4
13 6
1
5
0 2
2
3
1
1
9
_
_
_
1
7 16 10
3 4
4
8 6
1
16 14
0
1
3 !
1
8.5
2 0 3
8
0
7
5
1
3
2
1
19
2
! 21
!
7.5
1 0
3
4
3
5
3
1
1
5
3
2 4
7 2
9
3
7 7
5
4
3
7 6
0
1
3
8.5
5 0 2
7
18
0
2 2
1 1
9 19
9 0
2
2
9
9 6
4
4
8
8
7 . 5 54
2 0
3
2
2 2
2
2
7 1
7

8.0
6 0
8.0
8 0
8.5
4 0
8.0
4 0
8 .0
1 0
8.5
5 0

4
-

4
2

1
2
1
1
1
5

-

-

-

6

1
8
4
1
4
6
7
1

5
6
3
1
2
5
1
0
9
5

1
8 16
1
4
3
0 2
9
2
5
1
8
5
1
5
9
2
4 5
9

Standard hours reflect the workw eek fo r which em ployees receive their regu lar straight-tim e
W o rk ers w ere distributed as follow s: 38 at $160 to $170; 35 at $170 to $180; 15 at $180 to
W o rk ers w ere distributed as follow s: 44 at $160 to $170; 41 at $170 to $180; 44 at $180 to
W o rk ers w ere distributed as follow s: 91 at $ 160 to $165; 55 at $165 to $170; 44 at $170 to
W o rk ers w ere distributed as follow s: 1 at $50 to $55; 42 at $55 to $60.
Excludes lim ite d -p ric e variety stores.
Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and r e a l estate.




8 19
3 0
6
5
2
7
3
2 4
1
8
3
8
5
1 6
6 2 1 1
4
4
1
4
9 1 2
1
8 2 ; ii
5 !
_______ 1
i ______
_

1

3
0
1
7
1
3
3
3
7

9
1

4
5
-

3

1
2

_
2

7
6
4
2 i 4 ---- 5
_
2 I 3
- !
_
_
i "

_
_
_

-

2

L ^ J

_
_
_
_

-

.

.
_

_

_

_
_

_
_
_
_

.
_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

1

i
1

_
_
_
_
-

sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these w eeklv hours.
$190; 2 at $190 and over.
$190; 8 at $ 190 and over.
$175.
Occupational Wage Survey, New York, N. Y. , A p ril 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Bureau of L a b o r Statistics

9
Ta ble A -3 :

M aintenance and Powerplant O ccupations

( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s
in N e w

Y ork ,

N.

Y . , b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n ,

s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
A p r il 1957)

N U M BE R OF WORKERS R E C E IVIN G STRAIGH T-TIM E H OURLY E AR NING S OF—

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average.
hourly
earnings U n d e r
$
1 .4 0

1 ,1 7 1
326
845
125
263
212
234

$
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

38
42
36
39
54
43
09

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e ___________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * __
__ — _ — ________
R e ta il t r a d e 2
__ ______ _____ ______
F i n a n c e * * __ _ _ __ __ _______________ ___
S e r v i c e s „ _ __ __ __________ ____________

1 ,7 2 9
667
1 ,0 6 2
183
113
316
433

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

40
57
29
33
56
42
09

E n g i n e e r s , s t a t i o n a r y __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____ __ ___ __ _ __ __ __ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _____ — _ __ ___ _______
R e t a i l t r a d e 2 _ --------- __ _______ __ _ ____
F i n a n c e * * __ __ __ _____ __________ _______
S e rv ic e s _
__ __ ______ __ _ __ _ _

1 ,6 4 3
543
1, 100
99
124
400
426

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

56
80
44
30
61
54
30

F i r e m e n , s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r __ _______ __ _ _____
1 ,0 4 8
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ __ __ ______ __ ___
_____ — m r
678
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
72
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * __________ __ ______________
384
S e r v i c e s ____ __ __ ____ ______ — ------H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a i n t e n a n c e __ __ _ ___ __ _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________ __ _ _____ ____ _ ------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _________________________________
F i n a n c e * * _________ ________________________________
S e r v i c e s ------------------------------------------------------------------

C a r p e n te r s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ __ __
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * __
R e t a i l t r a d e 2 _____
F i n a n c e * * __ __
S e rv ic e s
_ _ ___

____
__ __
__ __
__ __
__ __
______
__ _

_
__________ _
__ _ __ _ ___ _
__ ______ __ __
__ ___ _ __ _
__ __ __ ______
______ _____ _
_ _______ _

$
1. 60

$
1. 7 0

$
1. 80

$
1. 9 0

$
2. 00

$
2 . 10

$
2 . 20

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

$
2 . 50

$
2. 60

$
2 . 70

$
2. 80

$
2. 90

$
3. 00

$
$
3 . 10 3 . 2 0

1. 70

1 . 80

1 .9 0

2. 00

2 . 10

2 . 20

2 , 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2 . 60

2. 70

2 . 80

2. 90

3. 00

3 . 10

3 . 20

3. 30
6
------- 6 ”
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

52
52
52

81
81
80

44
2
42
3
39

35
13
22
4
4
3
11

45
35
10
8
2
-

50
18
32
5
11
5
1

115
178
59 “ 24
46
154
15
29
20
24
100
11
1
-

122
51
71
2
65
3
1

237
57
180
57
53
49
21

26
11
15
6
5
4

93
------§
85
5
54
26
“

20
20
16
4
-

5
3
2
1
1
-

9
9
9
_
-

29
29
_
-

-

_
_
-

136
136
_
_
_
136

37
37
_
37

33
5
28
2
2
24

79
17
62
6
8
17
31

70
45
25
12
6
7

183
54
129
15
12
32
70

I ll
38
73
26
1
39
7

211
91
120
68
5
45
2

184
134
50
9
18
23

257
34
223
54
24
108
35

98
64
34
6
4
9

101
36
65
34
2
29

60
60
10
40
10

6
2
4
_
1
3

17
15
2
2
"

73
70
3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
_
-

29
29
1
28

40
40
1
15
24

42
42
4
9
4
25

23
3
20
3
5
12

83
20
63
1
3
12
47

154
12
142
51
10
4
73

154
51
103
4
8
6
85

122
39
83
1
2
58
22

312
20
292
32
10
176
43

236
112
124
1
42
40
39

49
23
26
4
12
3

149

95
69
26
24
_
2

21
10
11
5
6

53
52
1
1
-

14
10
4
4
-

2. 00
t.i 1
1. 84
1. 99
1. 7 0

30
2
28
28

37
37
2

22
4
18
1
17

226
3
223
209

72
15
57
4
50

49
79
3 6 ....2 8
13
51
8
8
2
40

159
------71
88
39
-

39
16
8
8

135
------1 3
102
2

71
41
30
4
26

_
-

1 ,7 6 3
571
1, 192
600
369
143

1. 89
1 .9 3
1. 8 8
1. 8 8
1. 9 4
1. 5 8

61
27
34
2
3 31

54
19
35
2
33

28
2
26
9
16

94
14
80
43
31

232
95
137
133
1
2

72
9
63
45
3
-

96
86
10
6
-

3
3
3
-

31
26
5
4
-

21
21
-

_
"

-

_
_
-

M a c h in e - to o l o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m
__ _________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ _ _ _____ __ _____ _____

283
28 3

2. 34
2. 34

_

_

23
23

32
32

7
7

17
17

11
11

20
20

53
53

34
34

14
14

28
28

2. 56
2. 56
2 . 59

_
-

_
_
-

44
44

1 ,2 9 8
1, 163
135

2
2
"

16
13
3

57
54
3

67
165
” 8 5 ----- 1 3 9
26
2

157
150
7

235
233
2

105
75
30

63
59
4

72
“ 56—
6

129
95
34

11

1
1
_
■
'

M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ( m a i n t e n a n c e ) ___________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________ __________ _____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __ —
__ --------------- -----P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ___________ _ ----------------------

2, 855
428
2 ,4 2 7
1 ,5 2 0

2.
2.
2.
2.

30
41
28
25

1
•1
1

1
1
1

_
_
_
-

65
65
_
_
-

M a c h in is ts , m a in te n a n c e _
______ __ _______
M a n u fa c tu rin g _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
— ____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____ __ __ __ __ ____________

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

49
49
1

37
37
1

24
10
14
12

29
5
24
24

208
112
96
33

789
38
751
693

327
840
......2 7 .. 1 20
300
820
261
299

157
122
35
17

68
3
65
46

33
18
15
12

135
135
114

57
12
45
“

28
28

4
4
"

67
61
6
5

1
1

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n c e
_ _
M a n u fa c tu rin g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________ __ __________ ________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _ ________ ________ ______ _
S e rv ic e s
_
____

1 ,6 7 2
1 ,2 3 0
442
135
158

2.
2.
2.
2.
1.

42
48
26
35
99

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

49
49
_
49

20
2
18
_
18

81
50
31
_
31

43
31
12
_
12

112
96
16

208
136
72
70
2

175
150
25
11
5

266
213
53
8
4

53

15
15
_
_
-

11
9

234

23
22
-

3
3
_
_
-

_

_

_

-

-

2
2

_

-

3
3

27
18

26
14

M illw rig h ts
_
___
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________ ________________

See

fo o tn o te s

at

end

of

150
113

2. 44
2. 45

_
-

ta b le .

*
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .




_
_
_
_
_

$
$
1 .4 0 1. 50
and
under
1 . 50 1. 60

a n d o t h e r p u b lic

u tilit ie s .

432
------8 5 “
347
152
194
-

254
130
124
63
12
30

382
— 77“
305
1 51
146

6

-

73

16
31
------~ 7 T ~ “ 3 D ----14
1
-

_
-

16
n>—
3
1
2

62

87
8
60
17

208
109
T f f 'O ..... 4 5
28
64
_
1
3
28

16
------- J —
13
_
6

36
_
36
17
-

22
14

40
' "38”

_

_

-

-

30

24

30

18
7

7

-

7

205
205
~

234

_
-

_
_
-

_

_

_

-

-

2

3. 40

$
3. 40
and
over

_
-

24
_
24
_
_
24

56
5 6 '"
1
_
1
_
-

16
6
10
_
_
10

5
5
“
_
_
"
"

62
60
2
2
*
_
-

“

“

$
3 . 30

.

_
_
_
-

_

_

-

-

33
33
_
_

-

_

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , N e w Y o r k , N . Y ., A p r i l 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

10
Table A -3 :

Maintenance and Powerplant O ccupations - Continued

( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , by in d u s t ry d iv is io n , A p r i l 1957)
N U M B E R OF W ORKERS R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R LY E A R N IN G S OF—

O c c u p a tio n

an d in d u s tr y

d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

O i l e r s . . . _____________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________ _________________

369
TEO

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________

1 09

P a in t e r s ,

m a i n t e n a n c e ________

________________________

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________ ______ _____________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ___________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 2__________________________________________
F i n a n c e * * ____________________________________________
S e r v i c e s _______________________________________
____

1 ,4 2 4
305
1 ,1 1 9
112
94
291
622

hourly 1
earnings

$
2. 00
2. 10
1. 7 6
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
1.

18
44
11
33
44
32
92

$
1. 4 0

$
1 .4 0
and
un der
1 .5 0

$
1. 50

$
1. 60

$
1. 70

$
1. 80

$
1. 9 0

$
2. 00

$
2 . 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

$
2 . 50

$
2 . 60

$
2 . 70

$
2 . 80

$
2 . 90

$
3. 0 0

$
3 . 10

$
3. 2 0

$
3 . 30

$
3. 4 0

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

1 .9 0

2. 00

2 . 10

2 . 20

2 . 30

2. 40

-^ 5 0 -.

2 . 60

2 . 70

2 . 80

2. 9 0

3 . 00

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

3. 4 0

over

and

12
12

14
14

-

"

1
57

58

9
------- E ~

-

14 2
-

-

-

-

142
-

-

142

278

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

17
35
13
36

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

1. 7 9

_

_

_

-

-

_

.

"

~

P l u m b e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e _________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
F i n a n c e * * ____________________________________________
S e r v i c e s _______________________________ _____________

469
------- T 5 ~
384
143
167

2.
2.
2.
2.

S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e --------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________

--------- 5 ?

2. 4 5
2. 4 5

T o o l a n d d i e m a k e r s _____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________ _______________________________

1, 5 5 2
1 , 501

2. 69
2. 69

310
23
287
-

-

_

2. 4 2
2. 48

*

-

_

243
------- T F 7 ~

26
2E

3

-

"

P i p e f i t t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ---------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________________

77

U nder

9
-

10
36
------- T ~ ” 3 6 "

8
4

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

24
24

-

4

"

-

"

"

-

-

-

-

68
41
27
7

61

21
5
16
8
3
5

101
24
77

23
-

34
30
4
-

13

-

9
1
3
3

1 39
1
138
47
8
63
20

-

45
16

9
121
6

40
20
20
8
8
1
3

-

13
-

-

-

4

-

27
9

23
4

40
40

40
24

29
29

30
9

6
6

_

_
-

6
4

.

-

35
31
4

46
3
43
37

17
6

39
9
30

110
20

5
2
3

10
2
8

29

4

-

22

92

r r
7

30

3

"

102
-

44
2

91
40

10 2
1
2

42
28
5
1
8

51
1
3

173
35
138
2

1
98

39
8

6
6

—

4
4

62

100
-

11
-

16
-

28
-

10 0
100

11
-

11

16
16

28
26

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

_

.

_

-

“

“

“

"

~

2
2

-

23
23

40
" '3 5
5

2
18

23
-

1
43
33

1
6
16

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

4

-

66

-

"

-

2
2

22

9
9

5

4

17

6

8
7

8

7

64

101

63

284
242

394

7

140
137

6

F5

89
89

lO o

90
43

3

-

6

T92

"T O

_

34
26

-

8
-

-

28
-

-

8

-

28

32
32

_

_

_

-

-

-

28
-

-

14 0

66

139

2
2

_
-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

“

4

19 5

-

-

-

2

46
8
38
26

11

-

-

"

10
10

6
6

9
9

24
24

2
-

2
-

-

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a nd la te s h i f t s .
2 E x c lu d e s l im it e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
3 A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 1 . 30 to $ 1 .4 0
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .

Ta ble A -4 :

Custodial and M aterial M ovem ent O ccupations

( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , A p r i l 1957)

O c c u p a tio n 1 a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

E l e v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( m e n ) ______ ___
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 _____________________________________
F i n a n c e * * _________________________________________
S e r v i c e s ________________ _ _____________________

5, 887
279
5, 608
297
3, 993
1, 133

E l e v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( w o m e n ) _______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________
S e r v i c e s ___________________________________________

791
784
565

G u a r d s . ... . _ . . . .
. ... .. .....
_ ...... . ___
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________ ___________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ________________________________
F i n a n c e * * _________________________________________

4, 253
800
3, 453
243
1 ,8 4 1

S ee fo o tn o tes at end o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




Average
hourly 2
earnings U n d e r
$
1 . 00
$
1 . 62
32
1. 89
1 . 61
32
1. 4 6
1. 6 7
32
1. 4 0

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

8

457
457
"

-

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1. 50 1 . 60 1 . 7 0 1 . 8 0 1 .9 0 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2 . 30 2 . 4 0

$
2 . 50

$

2 . 60

$
2. 70

1.20

1 .3 0

1. 40

1 . 50

1. 6 0

1. 70

1. 8 0

1. 90

2 . 00

2. 70

2. 8 0

20

382

915

4
16

374
46
288
40

8

20

907

1323
4
1319

28
804

62

1228
17

159
23
136
33
34
49

274
41
233
34
95
96

2088
52
2036
24
1947
54

431
84
347

66

53
53
13
5
3

6
6

43
43

449
449
438

60

30
27
-

58
58

111
111

6

12
12
6

76

2

-

-

95
25
70
-

80
5
75
19

296
34

278
35
243
30
105

384
139
245
41
185

656
280
376
16
311

518
159
359
4
336

582
48
534
58
474

230
84
115

14
14
14
3
3
-

-

$
1. 4 0

n t> r

-

8

$
1. 30

$

1. 4 6
1. 4 6
1. 4 2
69
87
65
93
89

1 . 20

$
1 . 00
and

1 . 10

-

130
1

129
“

$

8

2

385
5
380
"

57
35

262
10
221

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y , N e w Y o r k , N .
c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s

1

288

16

2 . 10

1 41
6

135
80
4

7

11
11

7

2 . 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2 . 60

30
28

13
13
_
-

3
3
_
-

2
2

7

_
_
_
-

33
33
-

28
28
27

76
58
18
15

2

-

2

241
11

33

--------- T ~
_
1

-

3
3
-

_
_
_
2

-

2

-

_
_
_
_
-

$

2. 8 0
2. 9 0

_
_
_
_
_
_
“
Y.

U .S .

DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR

$

2. 9 0

3. 00
_
_
.
1

1

"

, A p r il

$
3. 00
and
over
_
_
_
_
-

_

_
-

19 57

11
Ta b le A -4 :

Custodial and M aterial M ovem ent O ccupations - Continued

(A v e ra g e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
in N ew Y o rk , N . Y . , b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , A p ril 1957)
N U M B E R OF WORKERS R E CE IVIN G STRAIGH T-TIM E H OURLY EAR N IN G S OF—

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n 1 a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ( m e n ) ...
M a n u fa c tu rin g _ .
- ___ .
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b lic u tilitie s *
—
—
W h o le s a le t r a d e _
R e ta il tra d e 3 _
F i n a n c e * * __
S e rv ic e s

_

1 9 ,4 5 3
4, 174
15, 279
1 ,7 4 2
615
2, 508
5, 139
5 ,2 7 5

Average,
$
$
$
$
^hourly U n d e r 1 .0 0 1 . 1 0 1 . 2 0 1 . 3 0
and
$
1 .0 0
r f s r 1 . 2 0 1 . 3 0 1 .4 0
$
1236 1330
1400 1510
1. 54
549
2 6 6 '2 5 6
1. 57
30
583 345
970 1074
817 1165
1. 53
519
1 . 61
1 6 2 141
36
73
1. 55
15
42
376 606
1. 27
255
224
309
14
67
1 .7 2
35
558 418
1 .4 5
210
344 660

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ( w o m e n ) _______
M a n u fa c tu rin g
_
____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _
_
. . . .
W h o le s a le t r a d e . . — _
.
R e ta il tr a d e 3
. . .
F i n a n c e * * ____ __ ______ ______ _________
S e r v i c e s __________________________________________

9 ,0 3 5
261
8 ,7 7 4
102
393
4 , 500
3, 270

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

37
55
36
31
33
37
35

40
40
40

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d l i n g ________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _________________________ _ ____
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e . _____________________ _______
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 ______________ _____________________

1 2 ,4 4 6
6, l i b
5, 670
902
2, 048
2, 629

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

80
88
70
92
76
59
83

85
85
_
_
.
-

O r d e r f i l l e r s _ __ __ _______ _________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ __ ------- ----------------- __ ____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________ __________ ________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __ _____ ___ ________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 ______________________________________

5,
1,
3,
2,

074
595
479
709
710

1.
m
1.
1.
1.

92
92
89

P a c k e r s , s h i p p i n g ( m e n ) ______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________ ________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________ ________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
. _
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 ______ _____________________________

5 ,0 7 8
2 ,4 9 6
2, 582
1 ,4 2 3
1 ,0 5 2

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

57
55
59
62
53

P a c k e r s , s h i p p i n g ( w o m e n ) __________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 __________ __ __ ________________

640
257
383
3 60

1.
1.
1.
1.

45
43
46
45

R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ____ _____ ______ ___ _ __ ____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________ _______ ____ _____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________ _ ____ _____ ___ ___
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 __________ ______________ __ ____
S e r v i c e s ____________________________________________

1 ,8 5 3
643
1 ,2 1 0
400
680
64

1.
1.
1.
2.
1.
1.

87
92
84
16
63
63

2.
2.
1.
2.
1.

03
08
99
03
91

1.
1.
2.
2.
1.

92
82
01
06
96

S h ip p i n g c l e r k s ___________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________ _____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------ ------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______ __________ _____ _____
R e ta il tr a d e 3
______ ___________________
S h ip p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s
______________ ____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________ _________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________________________
S e r v i c e s ____________________________________________

956
450“
496
323
168
1 ,0 2 7
539
312
125

2
2
-

-

253

16

237
56
126
55

$
1. 50

$
1 . 60

$
1. 70

$
1. 80

$
1 .9 0

$
2. 00

$
2 . 10

$
2 . 20

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

$
2 . 50

$
2 . 60

$
$
2 . 70 2 .8 0

$
2. 90

1. 50

1 . 60

1. 70

1. 80

2. 50

2 . 60

2. 70

2 . 80

3. 00

_
_
.
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
.
_
.
_
_
_
.
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

65
29
36
31
30

6
5
1
5
5

1619
330
1289
121
72
163
558
375

2772 1433
206 270
2566 1163
209 381
154
56
187 151
859 152
1157 423

854
33
821
11
43
484
283

714
26
688
61
69
411
146

3803
13
3790
16
85
1563
1949

2796
19
2777
1
82
1731
702

324
61
263
4
21
132
54

95
38
57
1
24
9
22

800

1 .9 0

2. 00

2 . 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2556 3772
714 615
1842 3157
488
59
44
53
146
63
958 2184
197 807

828
291
537
167
47
13
236
74

246
91
155
11
23
9
61
51

71
51
20
1
5
14
-

78
74
4
2
1
_
1

13
12
1
_
_
1
-

30
30
_
_
_
-

10
10
_
_
_
-

44
6
38
6
27
4

10
4
6
6

7 ----------r
14
5
2
13
2
_
13
-

18
18
_
-

1
1
_
_
-

1
1
_
_
_
“

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

338

78
16
57
5

306
304
2
_
2
-

131
n9
12
12
-

84
84
-

44
44
26
13

56
19
37
36
-

1
1

4
4
3
1

34
34
_
_
_
-

175
175
175
_
-

61
19
42
13
4
9

538
295
245
243

592
339
252

772
414
358
345

638
436
202
20
182

646
155
491
4
326
159

842
559
283
57
37
182

994
68l
313
39
77
159

990 1545
38l
747
798
409
9 338
66 368
333
89

925
3*3
572
122
263
169

168
“ TO"
15
15

76
52
24
5
19

276
129
147
103
44

362
110
252
235
17

273
------53“
190
129
60

312
44
268
196
69

446
300
146
85
59

385
203
182
1 51
27

170
205
134 — r r ~
36
193
25
162
24
9

366 1075
105 ” 5 8 “
261 1 0 1 7
184 714
48 302

155
4?
108
108

432
211
221
157
63

428
300
128
75
34

702
435
267
121
146

744
308
436
237
188

430
264
132
109

365
14?
218
129
81

525 387
363“ 98
162 289
173
67
95
84

325
iW
145
48
96

368
17 0 "
198
154
33

60
119
20 — n
43
99
41
86
2
12

-

24
5
19
19

96
66
30
26

115
37
78
78

231
101
130
130

46
7
39
30

69
18
51
41

43
n r
28
28

4
2
2
2

1
1
1

6
6
-

_
-

5
5
5

.
-

10
10
10
-

52
11
41
41
-

116
25
91
83
8
-

116
23
93
74
19
64
64
50
14

94
9
85
21
64
4

122
51
71
61
10

208
60
148
51
79
5

146
74
72
4
62
6

107
33
74
11
50
10

64
41
23
6
17

73
36
37
27
10

129
31
98
87
8
78
16
62
56
6

52
22
30
10
4

91
51
40
26
13

166
100
66
30
31
134
“9
7
55
17
38

113
32
81
67
13
1

89
37
52
22
30

152
87
65
2
61
60
37
23
22
-

-

16
-

60
50
10

98
37
61
31
27

115
67
48
17
15

130
57
73
44

-

105
71
34
2
24

39

-

26
1
25
25

80
36
44

-

26
14
12
11
1

91
40
51
10
19

67
38
29
29
-

-

208

16

-

S ee fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a ti o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i li t i e s .
** F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s ta te .




$
1 .4 0

-

3

1
1

-

166

33

1

60
21
21
17

684
193
491
483
4

31
18
13
8
2

759
283
476
299
49
127

-

924
35d
574
18
349
203

349
84 "
265
83
1 81

z€o~

"
_
_
12
12
11
1

106
65
41
6
35

150
25
125
85
30
73
23
50
48
2

57
29
28
27

6
1
5
?

37
6
31
31

-

3

8
8
-

-

23
20
3
3
19
19
-

25
25
-

10
1
9

5

-

9

6
1
4

-

2. 90

5

21
2
19
10
9

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
780
780
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

$
3. 00
and
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
*
_
.
_
_
_
-

8
4
4
8
_
27
- ~ T T
5
5
5
5
4
-

11
11
11
-

12
Ta ble A -4 :

Custodial and M aterial M ovem ent O ccupations - Continued
(A v e ra g e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
in N e w Y o rk , N . Y . , b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , A p ril 1957)

O c c u p a tio n 1 a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

earnings

T r u c k d r i v e r s 4 __________________________ ______ „ __
M a n u f a c t u r i n g „ _ __________ ______ __ _______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * __ „
___ ___ _________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __________________ _
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 __ ___________________ ___________
S e r v i c e s __________ „ __ __ „ ___ ____

13, 594
4, 964
8, 630
4 ,2 1 2
3, 086
1 ,0 7 5
223

$
2. 47
2. 66
2 .3 6
2. 38
2. 35
2. 38
2. 00

T r u c k d r i v e r s , l i g h t ( u n d e r 1 V2 t o n s ) ________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

520
205
315

2. 07
2. 14
2. 02

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d i u m ( 1 V2 t o a n d
i n c l u d i n g 4 t o n s ) ----------- _ —
—
-----M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ ________________________ „
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
P u b lic u tilitie s *
W h o le s a le tr a d e
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 ________________________________

7, 679
3, 103
4, 576
2 ,0 5 3
1 ,9 7 5
455

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

32
41
29
06

T r u c k d riv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a i l e r t y p e ) ________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
P u b lic u tilitie s *

1 ,6 0 3
301
1, 30 2
979

2.
2.
2.
2.

T ru c k d riv e rs , h eav y (o v er 4 to n s ,
o t h e r t h a n t r a i l e r ty p e ) _________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________ ______________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
P u b lic u tilitie s *
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k lif t)
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________ _________________
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( o th e r th a n f o r k lift)
W a t c h m e n _________________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 __________________________________
F i n a n c e * * __ _____________________________________
S e r v i c e s _____________________ __ __________ ___

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
*
**

$
$
U n d e r 1 .0 0 1 . 10
and
$
under
1. 00 1. 10 1 .2 0

$
1. 30

$
1. 40

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
» $
$
1 . 5 0 1 . 6 0 1 . 7 0 1 . 8 0 1 . 9 0 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2 . 3 0 2 . 4 0 2 . 50

1 .3 0

1. 40

1 . 50

1. 60

14
14
-

28
14
14
14
-

-

14
14
-

28
14
14
14

-

-

-

-

-

-

2. 26
2. 24
2. 30

_
-

_
-

2 . 16

-

-

-

58
38
20
8
10
-

-

-

-

-

40
47
38
44

-

2, 817
1, 182
1 ,6 3 5
512

2. 73
2 ,9 5
2 . 57
2. 28

1, 179
823
356
262
2, 904
783
2 , 121
441
192
230
764
494

$
1. 20

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

44
62

65
58
67
70
91
50
86
34

2

-

37
37
-

1 . 70

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

2 . 60

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

$
$
2. 90 3. 00
and
3 . 00 o v e r

2437
lt> 7 0
1367
1141
165
61
-

525
17
508
75
433
_

397
146
251
63
174
14
-

83
15
68

1315 921
378 ~77S
937
143
777
81
14
1 11
14
48
33
_
35
35
*

2
2
-

58
58
~

442
46
396
46
5
345
.
-

396
1428
? 4 ~ "1 2 5 9
352 5 169
46
169
306
_
_
.
_
-

277
63
622
1181 1 7 8 4
2 3 5 — ? T ~ " 3 8 ...
53 ~ 4 0 3
17 5 8 4
42
1128 1381
24
5 118
336 682
270
672 598
17
181
51
119
-

277 676
181 ~ 5 9 5
81
96
85
81
5
6
-

900
574
326
323
3

510
10
500
75
425
-

109
32
77
63
_
14

93
42
51
46
5
-

80
34
46
46
-

923
» 754
169
169
_
-

41
41

-

1 .9 0

2. 00

2 . 10

53
34
19
19

143
21
122
75
36
8

200
£?
173
3
150
14
4

371
256
115
30
40
37

171
64
107
56
2
42

964
74
870
376
275
181
34

25
18
7

25
15
10

15
8
7

91
18
73

75
18
57

97
49
48

2. 20

2. 30

1347 2405
1 04 561
1243 1844
344 1005
776
602
121
185
46
“
14
4
10

2. 40

2. 50

-

43
28
n r -------- 6 ~
37
12
36
-

-

-

-

-

150
150
"

3
3
-

2
2
2

147
3
144
144

38
38
-

22
22
-

29
14
15
15

48
15
33
-

1067
150
917
818

5
5
“

51
51
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

_

81
1
80
80

1
1
1

475
105
370
236

484
183
301
195

43
28
15
“

470
346
124
-

8
8
-

126
126

349
4
345
-

_
-

2
2
_

3
3
-

23
23
-

21
21

27
27
-

84
57
27

187
181
6

105
61
44

32
32
-

112
90
22

215
18
197

68
60
8

44
42
2

50
50

_
-

_
-

6

30
30
1

-

79

33

92

1

17

_

6

9

-

92
20
72
12
3
57

395
105
290
16
3
44
14
213

232

163
93
70
9
21
40

201

399
49
350
223
24
43
32
28

181
86
95
24
14
21
22
14

373

501
22
479
23

177
47
130
85
21
4
18

48
37
11
8
2
1

52
9
43
43
-

29
1
28
28
-

2
2
-

1
1
-

-

-

69

163
26
5
30
102

—

37

T T —

_

114
87
- 1
33
36
5

12

D a ta l im ite d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o th e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p re m iu m p a y f o r o v e rtim e a n d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la te s h if ts .
E x c lu d e s lim ite d - p r ic e v a r ie ty s to r e s .
I n c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f s iz e a n d ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a te d .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 6 3 a t $ 3 to $ 3 . 1 0 ; 51 a t $ 3 . 1 0 t o $ 3 . 2 0 ;
55 a t $ 3 . 2 0 a n d o v e r .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 3 6 0 a t $ 3 to $ 3 . 5 0 ; 2 9 6 a t $ 3 . 5 0 t o $ 4 ; 9 8 a t $ 4 a n d o v e r .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o llo w s : 148 a t $ 3 to $ 3 .5 0 ; 323 a t $ 3 .5 0 to $ 4 ; 34 a t $ 4 a n d o v e r .
T r a n s p o r t a ti o n ( e x c lu d in g r a il r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i li t i e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s ta te .




1. 80

$
2. 60

34
19
15
14

90"

283
23
2
8
236
14

2

8
436
10

2

275
505
10 7 5 0 5
265
.
-

12

176
176
_

-

-

-

6




13

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
T a b le

B -l:

Shift D if f e re n t ia l P r o v i s i o n s 1
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —
(a )
I n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
fo rm a l p r o v is io n s f o r —

S h if t d iffe r e n tia l

Se c o n d s h ift
w o rk

s h ift pay d iffe r e n tia l

U n ifo r m

__________________________

c e n ts ( p e r h o u r )

6 2 .2

5 2 .7

1 1 .4

2 .9

6 0 .6

5 1 .8

1 1 .2

2 .7

3 3 .7

2 3 .5

8 .2

1 .7

_________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

N o s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ________________________________________________

s h ifts
tio n s :

4 .9
2 .3
2 .6
1 .1
1 0 .3
1 .2
2 .6
6 .3
.8
1 .6
2 5 .3

p e r c e n ta g e

5 p e rc e n t
7 p e rc e n t
7 V2 p e rc e n t
10 p e r c e n t
12 o r 1 2 V 2 p e r c e n t ____________________________________________ _
15 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------------------------------O th e r

T h i r d o r o th e r
s h ift

________

5 c e n ts
6, 6 9/io o r 7 c e n t s ____________________________________________ _
7 V 2 c e n t s ____________________________________________________________
8 o r 9 c e n t s _________________ _____________________________________
10 c e n t s ___________________________________ _________ ____________
1 0 V?., 11 o r 12 c e n t s
____
121
/?. c e n ts
133
/4 o r 1 4 c e n t s __________________________________________________
15 r e n t s
......
_
. . . ...............
1 5 % c e n t s ___________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 5 % c e n t s __________________________________________________
U n ifo r m

Se c o nd s h ift

________________

T o t a l ________________________________________________________________
W ith

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o rk

(b )
A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n —

_
1. 1
.7
.8
1 1 .2
1 .6
.6
1 .4
4 .8
.6
.9
2 0 .3
-

1 .0
.4
.8
.2
1 .6
.4
.4
2 .7
t
.7

_
t
. 1
.7
.2
. 1
.6
t

"
2 .9

.2
-

2 .9
.6

2 .9
.6

1 .8
4. 1

9 .9
6 .9

.4
. 6
t
1. 1
. 1
. 7

1 .6

8 .0

. 1

.8

1 .5

.9

. 1

.2

2 .1

1 3 .8

t
. 1
t

1
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d i n t e r m s o f (a ) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l ic y , a n d (b ) w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p lo y e d o n
a t th e t i m e o f th e s u r v e y .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h a v in g a p o l ic y i f i t m e t e i t h e r o f th e f o l l o w i n g c o n d i ­
( l)
O p e r a t e d l a t e s h i f t s a t th e t i m e o f th e s u r v e y , o r (2 ) h a d f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g la t e s h i f t s ,
t
L e s s th a n 0 . 0 5 p e rc e n t.
O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y , N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r i l 1 9 5 7
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

la t e

14

Table B-2*.

Minimum Entrance Rates for W om en Office W o rk e rs 1

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s w i t h s p e c ifie d m in i m u m
M a n u f a c t u r in g
M i n im u m r a t e
( w e e k ly s a l a r y )

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d ______________

553

h irin g

ra te in —

N u m b e r 1 f e s t a b l is h m e n t s w i t h s p e c ifie d m in i m u m h i r i n g
o

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

M a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—
A ll
sc h e d ­
u le s

177

35

371
/*

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

A ll
sc h e d ­
u le s

376

35

XXX

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

36V 4

3 7 V2

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

553

$37.
$40.
$42.
$45.
$47.
$ 50.
$52.
$55.
$57.
$60.
$62.
$65.
$67.

50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$40.
$42.
$45.
$47.
$50.
$ 52.
$55.
$57.
$60.
$62.
$65.
$67.
$70.

00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00

_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______

in —

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s i 2 o f—
A ll
sche d ­
u le s

177

35

3 7 V2

XXX

For Inexperienced T y p is ts

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a
s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m _________________

ra te

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

XXX

A ll
sc h e d ­
u le s

40

XXX

37 6

35

3 6 V4

XXX

37V.

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

36

Fo r Other Inexperienced Clerical Workers 3

283

89

47

14

15

194

81

22

47

32

312

95

50

14

18

217

84

22

60

4
27

_

_

_

_

4

_

1

_

1

10

1

_

1

_

_

1

5

1

16

56
27
80
38
53

16

6

1

8

9
40

11

3
13
5

3
3
7
4

10

6

9
60
48
76
16
20
8
11
2

3

2

5

5

2

4

4

3
17

2
10

3

-

6

1

2

1

2

12

9

1

12

6

12

6

22
6

10
2

6

43
40
54

4

6

2
-

15

8

32

4

12
-

4

8
6

-

7
7
5

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

1
-

11

6
2

1
1

-

3
1

3

10

13
1
6

3

2
1
2

1

-

-

4

1

21
61

12
6
20

7
22

3
7
4

22

8

12

5

4

6
-

4

2
2
-

-

31
31
7

5
_

6

2

1

1

11

6
6

_

17

2

1

6

-

3

-

1
1
-

4

2

-

1

1

-

1
-

2
-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

2

11
1

4
4

2

1
-

4
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

5

14
18

2

-

8

-

6

-

1

1

-

-

1
1

1
1

1

-

-

1
-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

~

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no
s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m _________________

109

33

XXX

XXX

XXX

76

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

106

35

XXX

XXX

XXX

71

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t
e m p lo y w o r k e r s i n t h i s
c a t e g o r y ____________ _____________

160

55

XXX

XXX

XXX

105

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

134

47

XXX

XXX

XXX

87

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

__

D a t a n o t a v a i l a b l e _____________________

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

-

19
7

-

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

"

XXX

XXX

XXX

1 Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced workers for typing or other clerical jobs.
2 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries.
Data are presented for all workweeks combined, and for the most common workweeks
reported.

3 R a te s a p p lic a b le to m e s s e n g e r s , o ff ic e g i r l s , o r s i m i l a r s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d .




Occupational Wage Survey, New York, N. Y. , A p ril 1957
U .S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA B O R
Bureau of Labor Statistics

15

Table B>3:

Scheduled W e e k ly Hours

P E R C E N T OF OFFICE W OR KER S ^E M P LO YED I N -

W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll w o rk e rs

_

All
industries

__

_

U n d e r 3 5 h o u r s _______ ______________ _______________
3 5 h o u r s __________________________________________________
O v e r 3 5 a n d u n d e r 3 6 V* h o u r s _______________ ___
3 6 V4 h o u r s _________ _____________________
____________
O v e r 3 6 V4 a n d u n d e r 3 7 72 h o u r s __________________
3 7 V 2 h o u r s _________ __________________________________
O v e r 3 7 l/ z a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s _____________________
4 0 h o u r s __________________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 5 h o u r s ________________________
4 5 h o u r s __________________________________________________
O v e r 4 5 a n d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s ________________________
4 8 h o u r s ______________________________________________ „
O v e r 4 8 h o u rs

Manufacturing

100

100

t
53

t
70

t

t
5

11
6

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 2

100

100

100

_

_

_

63
-

50

15
-

-

-

11

t

6

14

22

29
4
29

17

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Fin ance**

Services

100

100

100

t
51

t
55

t
7

t
18
13
9

t
5

t
5

t
26

t
5

t

t
9

t
74

t
70

16

t
14

t

t

t

5

11

t

-

8
-

22
-

10
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

t

All
industries

t
6

-

-

-

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

100

100

_

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 2

.

13
3
10

_

t
4

t

t
t
t

t
t
t

Services

100

100

100

3
_

5
_

t

3

_
_

3

_
_
_

t

3
-

11

4
_
_

t
83
_
_
_
_

-

-

93

-

t
14
3
56

86

t
13
_

5
5
_

5

-

t
t

_
-

D a t a r e l a t e to w o m e n w o r k e r s o n ly .
E x c lu d e s l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r i e t y s t o r e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s ta te i n a d d it io n to th o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly ,
f L e s s th a n 2 . 5 p e rc e n t.
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a nd o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
1
2
3

Table B-4:

Paid Holidays1

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —

I te m
A ll w o r k e r s

___________ __________________________________

W o rk e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
p a i d h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------L e s s t h a n 6 h o l i d a y s _________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 o r 2 h a l f d a y s ______________
7 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y -------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2, 3, 4 , o r 5 h a l f d a y s _____
8 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
8 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y _________________________
8 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2, 3 , o r 4 h a l f d a y s _________
9 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
9 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y _________________________
9 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 o r 3 h a l f d a y s ________________
10 h o l i d a y s ____ _______ ____________________________
10 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ________________________
10 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 , 3, o r 4 h a l f d a y s ________
11 h o l i d a y s __________________________________ __________
11 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y _____________________
11 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2, 3, o r 4 h a l f d a y s ________
1 2 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
12 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y _______________________
1 3 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
O v e r 13 h o l i d a y s _ __________________ _____________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g n o
p a i d h o l i d a y s ___________________ _______________________

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 2




Finance**

Services

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 2

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
-

100
-

100
-

100
-

99
-

100
-

10 0

t

t

t

t

98
9
13

100
-

t

97
5
14

100

t
t

97
6
5

3

3
18
-

15
5

56

-

92
46
23

t

11

7

3

t
t

t

8

15

t
t

t
t

10

15

t
t
t
t
t

t
t

t

-

7

t
t
34
7

t

9

t
t
t
t

t
19
3
4
16

t
t

t
t

-

t
-

t
66
5

t
t

9

t
T
19
3
8
6
3
22

t
t
t
t
t
3
5

-

5
8
5
5

t
t

t

3

t

t

• -

-

-

-

-

t

-

-

-

-

t

E s t i m a t e s r e l a t e to h o lid a y s p r o v id e d a n n u a lly .
E x c lu d e s l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r i e t y s t o r e s .
U. S.
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s ta te i n a d d it io n to th o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly .
+ L e s s th a n 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
1
2
3

PERCENT' OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —

t
t
t
8
-

-

t
49
14

-

7
16
5
5
25

t
t
4
5

t
11
-

t
13
-

t

-

18
3

t

-

4

-

t

-

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,
D E P A R TM E N T O F LA BO R

t

t

26

13
3

t
t

t

11

21

t
t

t
3

6

7

t
t

t
t

5

10
3

t
t

t

17

9

t
t
t
t
t

t
t

-

-

t

1

5
25
3
-

t
-

-

N.

t
21

t
t

7

3
14
-

t

t
50
5
8

t
t
t

t
t
6

t

-

4

6

t

T

-

-

65

6

-

t

t

T

30

t
3

-

7

t

t

-

-

t

5
3

-

-

t

3
N ew Y o rk ,

t

Y . , A p r il 1957

B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

-

3

-

-

3

-

t

8

16

Table B-5:

Paid Vacations

PER C EN T OF O FFICE WORKERS! EM PLOYED IN —
V a c a tio n p o lic y

All
industries

M anufacturing

Public
utilities*

Wholesale
trade

Retail trad e1

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
t
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

t

-

-

99
86
99
99

100
78
100
100

2 w e e k s o r m o r e .........................
6 m o n t h s ..... ..
1 y e a r ____________________________________________________
2 y e a r s _____________________________ ______________________
3 y e a r s __________________________________________________ _
5 y e a r s __________________________________________________ _

99
15
92
99
99
99

3 w eek s o r m o re
1 year
2 y e a r s _______________________________________________ ____
3 y e a r s ________________________________________ _____ ___
5 y e a r s _____________
_________ ______________
_ _
10 y e a r s
1 5 y e a r s ___________________________________ _______ _______
20 y e a r s
25 y e a rs
4 w e e k s o r m o re
5 y e a r s _____ ________ _ ____________ ______________ _
10 y e a r s
15 y e a r s
______________ ____________ __ _____________
2 0 y e a r s _____________________________
_____ _____ __
25 y e a rs

A ll w o r k e r s

PER C EN T OF PLANT W ORKERS EM PLOYED IN —
Services

All ,
industries

M anufacturing

Public
utilities*

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

99
99
-

100
99
t
-

99
94
t
4
t

100
87
3
9
t

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
99
_
-

98
98
t
_
_

-

-

t

-

t

-

-

"

-

t

100
89
100
10.0

100
89
100
100

100
48
99
100

99
97
99
99

100
82
100
100

99
37
99
99

100
25
100
100

100
88
100
100

100
66
100
100

99
37
99
99

99
17
99
99

100
5
93
98
98
100

100
17
97
100
100
100

100
13
97
100
100
100

99
_
45
98
99
99

99
25
98
99
99
99

100
8
87
95
100
100

95
3
44
68
87
95

90
t
40
55
73
90

100
19
80
94
100
100

100
t
75
94
96
100

99
42
99
99
99

96
t
16
35
93
96

90
t
t
5
18
56
88
88
90

88
t
t
9
21
55
88
88
88

95
5
8
24
95
95
95

84
6
51
83
84
84

81

96
t
t
4
16
61
92
93
96

77

4
28
73
81
81
81

64
5
5
7
15
35
63
63
64

61
10
11
13
16
37
60
61
61

93
5
5
5
11
24
93
93
93

77
3
3
3
19
42
75
77
77

73
4
20
54
72
72
73

29
-

49

43

8
-

27
-

39
-

14

9

36
-

t

t

6

t
t
11

3
3
3
3
3

19

t

F inance**

Retail trad e1

Services

M ETHOD OF PAYM ENT
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
p a id v a c a tio n s
_ .........................
L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t
P e rc e n ta g e p a y m e n t
F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t ____________________________________
O t h e r _____________________________________________________ _
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s _________________________________________
A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y
A N D S E R V IC E P E R IO D 3
1 w eek o r m o re _
6 m o n t h s ___________________________________
1 year
2 y ears

1
3
service
receive
t
*
**

___________

t
t

5
17
49

6
t

15
18
43

5

8

t

27

-

39

77
t

24
77

-

4
5
37
64
76
77
77
26
7
12
19
26

t
t

4

6

14

3
3
5

6
9

-

t

19

6

t
t

4
8
27
27
29

t
-

t

t

10
36

t
t
t

Excludes lim ited-price variety stores.
Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Periods of service w ere a rb itra rily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 y e a rs’
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.
Estim ates a re cumulative.
Thus, the proportion receiving 3 weeks’ pay or m ore after 5 years includes those who
3 w eeks' or m ore pay after fewer years of service,
L e ss than 2.5 percent.
Transportation (excluding railroa d s), communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Occupational Wage Survey, New York, N . Y ., A p ril 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F LA BO R
Bureau of Labor Statistics




NO T E :

In the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, payments other than "length of tim e ,"
such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, were converted to an equivalent time
basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay.

17

Ta b le B-5:

Pa id V a c a tio n s - C o n tin u e d

P E R C E N T OF OFFICE W OR KER S E M P L O Y E D IN —

V a c a t io n p o lic y
All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade1

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K ER S E M P L O Y E D I N —

Finance**

Services

All
,
industries *

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade1

Services

P R E D O M IN A N T P R A C T IC E S A F T E R
S E L E C T E D Y E A R S O F S E R V IC E 4
1 y e a r o r le s s :
2 y e a rs or le s s :
3 y e a rs or le s s:
5 y e a rs or le s s:

1 w e e k ___________________________ _
2 w eeks _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ____
2 w eeks _
2 w eeks
2 w eeks

10 y e a r s o r l e s s : 2
3
15 y e a r s o r l e s s : 2
3

w e e k s _____________________________
w e e k s ______ ,_____________________
w e e k s _____________________________
_ _ _________________ _
w eeks_

20 y e a r s o r l e s s : 2
3
25 y e a r s o r l e s s : 2
3
4

w e e k s _____________________________
weeks
w e e k s _____________________________
w e e k s _____________ __________ .
w eeks

1
2
4
le s s pay
*
**

XXX

XXX

92

XXX

95
93
72

XXX

93

XXX

96
89
78

XXX

54
XXX

99
95
91
73

XXX

49

49

96
99
99
89

88
86
65

XXX

XXX

83
87
53
XXX

XXX

59
XXX
XXX

61
77
76

43
59
69

56

47

88
95
88
72

61

57

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

93

81

XXX

XXX

78

87

XXX

64
XXX

XXX

XXX

89

79

70

69

57

58

54

90

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX.

XXX

XXX

41

XXX

51

73

XXX

45

86

57

XXX

XXX

XXX

E x c lu d e s lim it e d -p r ic e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T h e p a y p r o v i s i o n a p p l i c a b l e to m o r e w o r k e r s th a n a n y o t h e r s i n g le p r o v i s i o n ,
f o r th e in d i c a t e d s e r v i c e p e r i o d .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c l u d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .

Ta b le B-6:

fo r

se rv ic e

up to

a n d in c lu d in g

50
XXX

num ber

41
92
92

XXX

87

53

XXX

XXX

XXX

69

66

XXX

69

XXX

62

XXX

XXX

76
XXX

67

90

58

37

XXX

50
XXX

th e in d i c a t e d

56
XXX

75

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

71

47

91
88
75

87
90
77

90

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

55

59
XXX

82

XXX
XXX

XXX

XXX

73

53

69

74

71

XXX

XXX

XXX
XXX

XXX

81

71

97
95
63

XXX

53

87
XXX

XXX
XXX

XXX

98
XXX

51

XXX
XXX

XXX

XXX
XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX
XXX

97
XXX

XXX

XXX

of years.

E x c lu d e s

w o rk ers

XXX
XXX

who

r e c e iv e

m o re or

H e a lth , In sura nce, a nd P e n sio n P la n s

P E R C E N T OF OFFICE WORKERS1 E M P L O Y E D IN —

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K ER S E M P L O Y E D IN —

T y p e o f p la n
Wholesale

All
industries

A l l w o r k e r s ________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g :
L i f e i n s u r a n c e ________________ __________________ _
A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e ____________________________________________
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e
o r s i c k l e a v e o r bo th 3
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e _________ _
S ic k l e a v e ( f u l l p a y a n d no
w a it in p p e r i o d )
S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) _________________________________
H o s p it a l iz a t io n i n s u r a n c e _________________________
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n c e
M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e ___________ ____________________
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e _________________ _________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n _________________________________
N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p la n

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

93

91

96

88

41

46

40

45

92
34

92
41

99
19

82

80

4
77
74
53
30
78

3
85
85
63
23
74

t

T

Public
utilities*

Services

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

79

98

88

92

96

96

95

84

89

32

38

44

42

40

41

61

37

54

88
41

88
42

91
29

98
33

85
64

81
73

99
26

90
56

85
64

81
71

92

82

41

86

85

27

19

34

65

29

22

6
52
49
38
35
94

t
69
65
44
17
73

22
88
86
56
19
54

3
85
79
55
42
87

63
63
47
14
58

12
87
85
58
6
74

6
96
94
65

9
78
76
48
8
76

6
94
94
62
4
60

4
82
82
63

t
74

50
56
48
32
28
97

"

t

t

_

t

t

t

“

"

t

Retail trade 1

Finance * *

Retail trade 1

Services

t
75
8

1 E x c lu d e s lim it e d -p r ic e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 U n d u p lic a t e d to t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s ic k l e a v e o r s ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w .
S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e w h i c h d e f in it e ly e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t th e
m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on a n in d i v id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
t L e s s th a n 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c l u d in g r a i l r o a d s )
c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p il 1957
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t ic s




18

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ sign ifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude w ork­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-tim e,
tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

Office
B ILLE R , MACHINE
Prep a res statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, b illers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
B iller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from custom ers' purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers'
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on custom ers' ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertica l columns and computes and usually prints auto­
m atically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure o f the particular accounting system used.
D eter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing de scribed
under b iller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c ­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, perform s one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

19
CLERK, FILE
Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other m aterial;
may also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
m aterial in the files.
May perform incidental clerica l duties.
Class B - P erform s routine filing, usually of m aterial that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating m a­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerica l duties.
CLERK,

ORDER

Receives custom ers’ orders for m aterial or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
follow ing: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to d eter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled , keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
o rd ers.
CLERK,

KEY-PU NCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May v e rify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
P erform s various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing m ail, and other minor clerica l work.
SECRETARY
Perform s secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential m ail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

PAYRO LL
STENOGRAPHER, G ENERAL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

P rim a ry duty is to take dictation from one or m ore persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
w riter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include transcribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COM PTOM ETER O PERATOR

STENOGRAPHER,

P rim a ry duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

P rim a ry duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

TECHNICAL

DUPLICATING -M ACH INE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR D ITTO )
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters.
May sort, collate, and staple com ­
pleted m aterial.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages.
May give in fo r­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

20
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE O PERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD O PER ATO R-REC EPTIO N IST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to perform ing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerica l work may take the m ajor part of this worker *s
while at switchboard.

TAB U LATIN G -M AC H IN E OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on form s or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TY PIS T
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerica l work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.
Class A - P erform s one or more of the follow ing: Typing
m aterial in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining m aterial from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
form ity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form .
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-M ACKINE OPERATO R, GENERAL
P rim a ry diity is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerica l work. W orkers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

P r of essional

D RAFTSM AN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May p re ­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSM AN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or m ore draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or p re ­
lim inary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the follow ing: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
perform ing m ore difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Perform s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of form s,
insurance policies, etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced prope .Ty.

a nd

Technical

DRAFTSM AN, LEADER - Continued
em ergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSM AN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the follow ing:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of m aterials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work^ checking dimensions, m aterials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrica l, mechanical, or structural drafting.

21
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the prem ises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

affecting the health, w elfare, and

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

nd

Powerplant

CARPENTE R, M AINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIO NARY

P erfo rm s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the follow ing: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting m aterials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or elec trica l) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, r e fr ig e r a ­
tion, or air conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, m o­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigeratin g equipment, steam boilers
and b o iler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELEC TRICIAN , M AINTENANCE

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f electrica l trade functions such as the
m a i n t e n a n c e , or repair of equipment for the generating,
d i s t r i b u t i o n , or u t i l i z a t i o n o f electric energy in an establishment.
Work i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Installing or repairing any of
a v a r i e t y of e l e c t r i c a l equipment such as generators, transform ers,
switchboards, c o n t r o l l e r s , circuit breakers, motors, heating units,

FIREM AN, STATIO NARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

installation,

conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrica l system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements o f wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician 's handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




H ELPER, TRADES, M AINTENANCE
A ssists one or m ore workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by perform ing specific or general duties o f lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning w ork­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by jo u r­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools, and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also perform ed by w orkers
on a fu ll-tim e basis.

22
M ACH INE-TO O L OPERATO R, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, M AINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or m illing machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and perform ing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross - industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
W ork involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance’
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, M AINTENANCE
M ILLW RIG H T
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a v a ­
riety of machinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations re la t­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist’ s work norm ally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant la y ­
out are required. Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com ­
putations relating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed r e ­
ducers. In general, the m illw righ t’ s work norm ally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AU TO M O TIVE (M AIN TEN AN CE)
Repairs automobiles, b u s e s ,
motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the follow ing: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, d rills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assem blies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
P A IN T E R , M AINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required Tor different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or fille r in-nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex ­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

23

P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE

S H E E T-M E TA L WORKER, M AINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fo l­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe r e ­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
prim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLU M BER, M AINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
S H E E T-M E TA L WORKER, M AINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning

Custodial

ELEVATO R OPERATOR,

a nd

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix ­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other m etal-form ing work.
Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ­
ances; selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
F or c ros s - industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

PASSENGER

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or sim ilar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Perform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR,

PO RTER,

OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the follow ing: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

24

LABORER, M A T E R IA L HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various m aterials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing m aterials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting m aterials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER F IL L E R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
custom ers1 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
m aterials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, w a re­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers* houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (T ra c to r-tra ile r should be rated
on the basis of tra iler capacity. )

PACK ER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations perform ed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve Qne or
more of the follow ing: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to v e rify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is r e ­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other m aterials.
Shipping work in volves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and p re­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work in volves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Tru ckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under IV 2 tonsT)
medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra iler type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than fo rk lift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
against fir e , theft, and illegal entry.

☆ U . S . G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F I C E : 1 9 5 7 O - 4 3 4 3 7 9

Bulletins in This Series

O ccu p a tio n a l wage surveys are being conducted in 17 major labor markets during late 19 56 and early 1 9 5 7 . B u lle tin s for the following
area s are now a v a ilab le and may be purchased from the Superintendent of D ocum ents, Government Printing O ffic e , Washington 2 5 , D. C . , or from
any of the reg io nal s a l e s o ffic e s listed below . As additional b ulletins become a v a i l a b l e , they w ill be lis te d in s ub seq uent i s s u e s .




B L S B u lle tin
L abor Market

Survey Period

Number

S e a t t l e , Wash.
B u ffa lo , N. Y .
C le v e la n d , Ohio
B o s to n , Mass.
D allas, T e x.
K a n s a s C ity , Mo.
P h ilad elp h ia, P a .
San F ra n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a lif.
Pittsb urg h, P a .
Birmingham, Ala.
L o s A n g eles-L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f.
Portland, Oreg.
Memphis, Te n n .
Minneapolis-St. P aul, Minn.

August 1956
September 1956
October 1956
September 1956
October 1956
December 1956
November 1956
January 1957
December 1956
January 1957
March 1957
April 1957
February 1957
March 19 57

1202-1
1202-2
1202-3
1202-4
1202-5
1202-6
120 2-7
1 2 0 2 -8
1 2 02-9
1 2 0 2 -1 0
1202-11
1 2 0 2-12
1202-13
120 2-14

P ric e
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
20
25
25
20
20

R e g io n a l S a le s O ffices

U . S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
18 Oliver Street
Boston 10, M ass.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
50 Seventh Street, N. E .
Atlanta 23, G a.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
105 West Adams Street
C hicago 3, 11
1.

U . S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
341 Ninth Avenue
N ew York 1, N. Y .

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
630 Sansome Street
San F ran cisco 11, C alif.

cents
cents
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102