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Occupational Wage Survey

CH ICAG O , ILLINOIS
APRIL 1957

Bulletin No. 1202-15

UNITED STATES D EPARTM EN T OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary




B U R E A U O F LA B O R STA TISTIC S
Ew an Clagua, Commi*sion«r




Occupational Wage Survey




CHICAGO, ILLINOIS
A PRIL 1957

B u lle tin N o . 1 2 0 2 h15
UN ITED STATES DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
B U R E A U O F LA B O R STA TISTIC S
Ew an Clague, Commissioner
July 1957

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cents

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Preface

Contents
Page

The Community Wage Survey P rogram
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regu larly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fa ll to early spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A prelim inary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the e a rlie r report. A consolidated
analytical bulletin summarizing the results of all of the
y e a r’ s surveys is issued after completion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of surveys.




Introduction _____________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups _________________________

1
3

Tables:
1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope o f s u r v e y ___________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selected periods -------------------------

A:

Occupational earnings * A -1: O ffice occupations_________________________________________
A -2: Professional and technical occupations __________________
A -3; Maintenance and powerplant occupations ________________
A -4: Custodial and m aterial movement occupations __________

B:

Establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions * B -1: Shift differential provisions ______________________________
B-2: Minimum entrance rates for women
office w orkers ___________________________________________
B-3: Scheduled weekly hours __________________________________
B-4: Paid holidays ______________________________________________
B-5: Paid vacation s_____________________________________________
B-6: Health, insurance, and pension p la n s ___ _________________

Appendix:

Job d es crip tio n s________r___________________________________

* NO TE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are available
in the Chicago area reports for A p ril 1951, March 1952, March 1953,
March 1954, A p ril 1955, and A p ril 1956.
The 1954 report also p ro ­
vides tabulations of wage structure characteristics, labor-management
agreem ents, and overtim e pay provisions.
The 1955 report also in­
cludes data on frequency of wage payments, and pay provisions for
holidays falling on nonworkdays. A directory indicating date of study
and the price of the reports, as w ell as reports for other m ajor
areas, is available upon request.
A current report on occupational earnings and supplementary wage
practices is also available for the women’ s and m isses* coats and
suits industry in the Chicago area (February 1957). Union scales, in­
dicative of prevailing pay levels in the Chicago area, are available for
the following trades or industries: Building construction, printing,
local-transit operating employees, and motortruck d rivers.

2
3
4
8
8
10

12
13
14
14
15
16
17




Occupational W age Survey - Chicago, 111.*
Introduction
The Chicago area is one of several important industrial centers
in which the Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics has
conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areawide basis.
In each area, data are obtained by personal
visits of Bureau field agents to representative establishments within
six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation (excluding
railroads), communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. M ajor
industry groups excluded from these studies, besides railroads, are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having few er than a prescribed number of w orkers are
omitted also because they furnish insufficient employment in the occu­
pations studied to warrant inclusion. 1 W herever possible, separate
tabulations are provided fo r each of the broad industry divisions.

to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-tim e salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as r e ­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, except
for those below the minimum size studied.

Information is presented also (in the B -s e rie s tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they
relate to office and plant workers.
The term "o ffic e w o rk e rs ," as
used in this bulletin, includes a ll office c lerica l employees and ex ­
cludes adm inistrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
"Plant w orkers" include working forem en and a ll nonsupervisory w ork­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Adm inistrative, executive, professional, and technical employees, and
force-account construction employees who are utilized as a separate
work fo rce are excluded.
C afeteria workers and routemen are ex­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant workers
in nonmanufacturing industries.

Occupational employment estim ates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occupational
structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earnings data.
Establishment P ractices and Supplementary Wage Provision s

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected fo r study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational cla s­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job (see appendix for listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office clerica l; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and m aterial movement.

Shift differential data (table B - l ) are lim ited to manufacturing
industries.
This information is presented both in term s of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 2 presented in term s of total plant worker em ploy­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of w orkers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used or, if no amount applied to a m ajority, the cla s­
sification "oth er" was used.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-tim e w orkers, i. e ., those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as fo r office clerica l occupations, reference is

Minimum entrance rates (table B-2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis.
Scheduled hours; paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statis­
tically on the basis that these are applicable to a ll plant or office

* This report was prepared in the Bureau's regional office in
Chicago, 111., by Woodrow C. Linn, under the direction of George E.
Votava, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See table 1 fo r m inim um -size establishment covered.




2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: ( l ) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late shifts.

( 1)

2
w orkers if a m ajority of such w orkers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices lis te d .3 Because of rounding, sums of indi­
vidual items in these tabulations do not n ecessarily equal totals.
The summary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arran ge­
ments, excluding inform al plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the em ployer.
Separate estim ates are provided
according to em ployer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a time basis were converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week, s pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans fo r which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen*s compensation and
social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com m er­
cial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or paid
directly by the em ployer out of current operating funds or from a fund
set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
em ployer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which

have enacted tem porary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions, 4 plans are included only if the em ployer ( l ) con­
tributes m ore than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law.
Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are lim ited to form al plans5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker*s pay during absence from work
because of illn ess.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
( l ) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of w orkers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes re ferred to as extended
m edical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, m edical, and surgical plans.
M edical insurance re fers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirem ent pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide monthly payments or the remainder of the
worker*s life .

4 The tem porary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a forrhal plan if
3
Scheduled weekly hours fo r office w orkers (firs t section it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
of
table B -3 ) are presented in term s of the proportion of women office
could be expected by each em ployee. Such a plan need not be written,
w orkers employed in offices with the indicated weekly hours for women
but inform al sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
w orkers.
w ere excluded.

T able 1:

Industry division

A ll divisions

----

_ _ ...

M anufacturing
...
.. . .
Nonmanufacturing
_
.............
Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s ),
communication, and other public utilities'4
W holesale trade
_ ... .
R etail trade
Finance, insurance, and re a l estate
S e rv ic e s 6
__
__

Establishm ents and w o rk e rs within scope o f survey and num ber studied in Chicago, III. , 1 by m ajo r industry division, A p r il 1957
Minimum
employment
in establish ­
ments in scope
of study

Num ber of establishm ents
Within
scope of
study 2

W o rk e rs in establishm ents
Within scope o f study

Studied

Studied
Total 3

Office

Plant

Total 3

-

3. 148

433

1,130,800

235.800

708.400

540.010

101
-

1,368
1,780

171
262

657,000
473,800

96,300
139,500

472,900
235,500

285,400
254,610

101
51
101
51
51

132
565
217
362
504

33
62
46
48
73

90,600
85,300
136,300
81,100
80,500

24,100
25,100
24,200
51,100
15,000

46,600
40,800
97,400
5 8,600
42,100

70,040
24,100
97,150
36,390
26,930

The Chicago A r e a (Cook County).
The "w o rk e rs within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reason ably accurate description o f the size and composition of the labo r force
included in the survey.
The estim ates a re not intended, how ever, to serve as a b a s is of com parison with other a re a employment indexes to m easu re employment trends or le v e ls since ( l ) planning
of wage surveys re q u ire s the use of establishm ent data com piled considerably in advance o f the pay period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents a r e excluded fro m the scope of the survey.
Includes a ll establishm ents with total employment at or above the m in im u m -size lim itation.
A il outlets (within the a re a ) o f com panies in such industries a s trade, finance, auto re p a ir service
and m otion-picture theaters a re considered as 1 establishm ent.
’
* Includes executive, technical, p ro fessio n al, and other w o rk e rs excluded fro m the separate office and plant catego ries.
A ls o excludes taxicabs, and se rv ic e s incidental to w ater transportation.
Chicago*s transit system is m unicipally operated and, th erefore, excluded by definition fro m the scope of the studies.
6 Estim ate re lates to re a l estate establishm ents only.
H otels; personal se rv ic e s; business se rv ic e s; automobile re p a ir shops; radio braodcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and arch itectural s e rv ic e s.




3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerica l
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant Worker groups,
For office clerica l workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard Work schedule for which straight-tim e salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-tim e hourly
earningsi excluding premium pay for overtim e and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the num erically im ­
portant jobs within each group.
The office clerica l data are based
on women in the following 18 jobs: B illers, machine (billing m a­
chine); bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B; Comptometer
operators; clerks, file, class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; key-punch operators; office girls; secretaries; stenographers,
general; switchboard operators; switchboard operator-receptionists;
tabulating-machine operators; transcribing-machine operators, gen­
eral; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are based
on women industrial nurses. Men in the following 10 skilled mainte­
nance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs w ere included in the plant worker
data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; mechanics; m e­
chanics, automotive; m illw rights; painters; pipefitters; sheet-metal
workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and
cleaners; laborers, m aterial handling; and watchmen.
A verage weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of March 1953
and March 1954 employment in the job.
These weighted earn­

ings for individual occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an a gg re­
gate for each occupational group.
Finally, the ratio of these group
aggr e g ates for a given year to the aggregate for the base period (survey
month, winter 1952-53) was computed and the result multiplied by the
base year index (100) to get the index for the given year.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of ( l ) general
salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other increases in pay received
by individual w orkers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, force expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and r e ­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of low er paid w orkers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtim e, since they
are based on pay for straight-tim e hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1956 for workers in 15 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1188, Wages and Related Benefits,
17 Labor Markets, 1955-56.

Table 2: Indexes of standard w eekly sa la r ie s and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in C hicago, 111. ,
A pril 1956 and A pril 1957 and percents of in crease for selected periods
Indexes
P ercen t in c re a se s from —
(M arch 1953=100)
A pril l95f>
A pril 1956
M arch 1954 M arch 1953 M arch 1952
Industry and occupational group
to
to
to
to
A pril 1957
A pril 1956
to
A pril 1956
A pril 1955
A pril 1957
M arch 1954 M arch 1953
A ll industries:
O ffice c le r ic a l (women) --------------------------------------------------Industrial nu rses (w om en )----------------------------------------------Skilled m aintenance (m e n )----------------------------------------------U nskilled plant (men) -----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (women) --------------------------------------------------Industrial nu rses (w o m e n )---------------------------------------------Skilled m aintenance (m e n )----------------------------------------------U nskilled plant (men) ------------------------------------------------------




M arch 1952
to
A pril 1957

120. 5
122. 8
121. 3
119. 0

114. 3
116.9
115. 5
114. 4

5. 4
5. 0
5. 0
4. 0

4. 3
6 .0
5. 1
4. 6

3. 6
4. 2
3. 3
3. 5

5. 8
5. 9
6. 3
5. 7

5. 7
5. 4
6. 5
4 .9

27. 3
29. 5
29. 1
24.9

120. 6
122. 8
121.7
118. 5

114. 4
116.9
115.4
113. 0

5. 4
5. 0
5. 5
4. 9

4. 2
6. 0
5. 8
5. 0

3. 4
4. 2
3. 1
2. 7

6. 2
5. 9
5. 8
4. 8

5. 2
4. 6
6. 1
6. 6

26. 8
28. 5
29. 2
26. 4

A: Occupational Earnings
T a b le A - l:

O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s

(A v e r a g e straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a re a basis
in C hicago, 111., by industry division, A p r il 1957)
Ave R G
AE
N u m ber
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W ee k ly
hours 1
(Standard)

W ee k ly
earnings 1
(Standard)

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

$
Under 40.00
and
f o .o o under
45.00

$
45.00

$
50.00

$
55.00

$
60.00

15.00

$
70.00

75.00

10.00

1 5 .00

50.00

55.00

60.00

65.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00

90.00

29
29
_
1
8

121
46
75
6
24
12
21

312
68
244
26
106
50
55

245
111
134
17
54
25
36

403

10.00

15.00

500
264
236
27
84
10
94

323
173
150
14
81
15
37

fo o .o o f o 5 .00 f io .o o ?15.00 f20.00
and
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00

Men
C le rk s , accounting, c la ss A ____________ __________________
M anufacturing
_
Nonm anufacturing
_ _
_
_
P ublic utilities *
_
___
____
W h olesale t r a d e ______________________________________
__ ________ _____________
Retail trade ___________
Finance * *
_

2,593
1 ,2 T T '
1,336
156
567
159
357

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.0
40.0
39.0
38.0

$
91.00
93 . 0 6
88.50
96.00
89.50
87.00
86.50

C le rk s , accounting, c la ss B
M anufacturing .
_ _
_____ _
_ __
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade
Retail trade ___________________________________________

1, 169
372
797
310
102

39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

71.50
76.50
68.50
70.00
70.00

C le rk s, ord er
M anufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade

1,691
569
1, 122
982

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

89.00
88.00
90.00
91.00

_
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

503

86.50
8 7 .Oo
85.00

_
-

.
-

_
-

3
3

105

39.5
39.5
39.5

-

-

-

-

Office boys
M anufacturing _
.....
...
_
___
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Public utilities *
_
W holesale trade _____________________________________
Finance * *
Services

1,809
577
1,232
109
179
599
269

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.5
39.0
37.5
38.0

55.00
55.50
54.50
59.50
53.50
55.00
52.50

9
5
4
_
4
-

146
45
101
_
80
20

309
87
222
13
49
75
70

510
146
370
15
62
160
100

Tabulating-m achine operators
M anufacturing
_
_ .
.......
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic utilities * _
W holesale trade
F in a n c e ** ----------------------------------------------------------------

1.881
884
997
140
217
420

39.0
39.0
39.0
40.0
39.5
38.0

81.50
82.50
81.00
88.50
83.50
76.50

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
1
2
_

-

-

-

1,295
647
648
197
289

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
38.5

65.00
64.00
66.00
68.00
68.00

_
-

_
-

6
1
5
_

-

-

...
... _

446
372
105

38.5
38.5
40.0

64.50
63.00
57.00

_
-

_
-

-

"

Bookkeeping-m achine op erato rs, c la ss A ______________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing T
W holesale trade
.................. ...

1,004
388
616
222

38.5
39.6
38.0
39.0

77.00
76.50
78.00
78.00

C le rk s, p ayroll
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

_

. ..
.

J W

..... _
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

76
40
36
2
9
4
18

_
-

_
_

6
6
_

-

-

-

36
4
32
10
3

107
24
83
38
3

193
28 ■
165
74
11

_

_

1
1

29
3
26
22

37
20
17
13

.
-

16
l6
-

36
20

353
120
233
14
43
115
43

312
122
190
55
12
96
22

-

58
11
47
1
14
23

107

229

213
20
193
37
43

160
202
59 ------ 7T1
127
101
50
46
21
11

106
138
139
17 ------ 7T~ ------ S T 63
96
89
65
62
64

194
15
104
11
45

81
81
38
—
39 ------ 53" -----42
27
12
18
21
11
3
3
1
230
68
162
134

192
89
103
82

37
7

79
67
12

80
75
5

15
l5
_
_
_
_

2
2
_
_
_
_

6
6

17
rr2
1
-

207
lt ) l

106
10
59
7
21
23
16 —
7
4
3

238
155
129
66 — W ~ — n r
172
57
116
113
57
159

185
86
51
146 ------ 5T1■ 2 2
31
39
29
10
2
4
20
20
3
3
2
18
6
6
4

_

_
_
_
_

12
r r

_
_

_
_

53
----- T T
31
23
3
1
4
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

96
44
52
52

72
2
70
70

68
19
49
40

61
12
49
49

11
11

13
12
1

9
8
1

1
_
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_

26
22
4

95
64
31

111
22
89
12
5
54
14

16
11
5
_
4
1

20
2
'
18
_
4
14
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

177
76
101
6
28
51

191
85
108
6
20
67

223
118
105
11
14
49

255
122“
133
13
23
73

217
100
117
24
23
43

185
82
103
7
11
59

247
T3l
116
30
27
30

88
42
46
12
9
14

143
72
71
18
32
8

38
15
_
2
2

23
8
15
10
3
-

7
1
6
1
1
-

26
14
12
1
10
1

297
154
143
35
68

270
118
152
49
84

271
11Z
159
98
51

40

41

16

19

24
2
10

22
_
21

6
1
5
_
5

14
4
10
_
10

14
14
_
_

_
_
_

.
_
_
_

.
_
_
_

.
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

167
l6 l
39

72
50
5

44
25

33
14

34
26

_

_

_

_
_

“

-

-

74
31
43
13

148
42
106
26

137
35
102
40

217
117
100
42

138
98
40
22

16

-

3o

_
_

_

37
35
2

60
35
25

_
_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

23

_
_

Wom en
B ille r s , machine (billing m achine)
M anufacturing
_
_
Nonmanufacturing
P ublic utilities *
_
_ _.
W h olesale t r a d e ______________________________________
B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping m achine) .
Nonm anufacturing _
_
.. _
.
Retail trade
_
_ ...

116

-

15
4

113
13
36

10
10
10

33
33
20

53

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

See footnote at end of table.
* Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s ), communication, and other public utilities
* * Finance, insurance, and r e a l estate.




92

------ 5 T ~
31
12
11
1

_

-

-

-

_
_

_

_

-

_

-

163
31
132
57

-

_

-

-

_
_

-

-

-

93
23
70
16

11

2

9

.

.

.

_

_

_

11
6

2

9

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

Occupational W age Survey, Chicago, 111. , A p r il 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Bureau of L a b o r Statistics

5
T a b le A - l : O ffice O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in C h ic a g o , 111., by in d u s t ry d iv is io n , A p r i l 1957)

Average
N u m ber
of
workera

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W eekly^
(Standard)

W e e k ly
earn in gs1
(Standard)

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

Under
40.00

$
40.00
and
under
45.00

$
45.00

$
50.00

$
55.00

50.00

55.00

60.00

$
$
60.00 65.00

$
70.00

$
75.00

$
80.00

$
85.00

65.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00

90.00

540
56
484
45
40
393
6

1235
124
1111
100
64
914
21

740
279
461
80
73
251
44

506
261
245
57
63
105
17

258
106
152
33
16
93
2

133
47
86
9
33
44

65
64
1
_
_
-

7
7
_
-

-

-

121

223
3<T
184
46
58

425
102
323
92
83

469
191
278
83
94

465

956
347
609
85
138
162
176
48

708

$
90.00

$
95.00

$
$
$
$
$
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
and
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

W om en - Continued
Bookkeeping-m achine o p era to rs, c la ss B ______________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _____ __________ ___________________
W holesale trade
Retail trade _________ ______ ___ ____ __ ____ ____
Finance * * ____________________________________________
S e r v i c e s --------------------------------------------------------------------

3,737
1,017
2,720
331
303
1,906
143

38.5
39.0
38.0
40.5
40.0
37.5
38.0

65.00
69.00
64.00
65.00
64.00
63.00
69.50

_
_
_
_
-

3
_
3
_
3

96
13
83
4
16
63
-

154
60
94
12
22
54
6

C le rk s, accounting, c la ss A ______________________________
Manufacturing
N onm anufacturing________________________________________
W holesale trade
_
_
Finance * * ________________ _______________________ __

2,406
849
1,557
494
485

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
38.0

79.00
61.50
78.00
81.50
75.00

_
-

_

_
_

21
21
_

C le rk s, accounting, c la ss B ______________________________
M anufacturing
_
__
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
P ublic utilities *
..
_ ..
W h olesale t r a d e ______________________________________
Retail trade ___________________________________________
Finance * *
S e r v i c e s __
_________________ _____________________

5.379
1,816
3, 563
274
942
982
1,061
304

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
40.0
39.5
38.0
38.5

65.00
68.00
63.00
64.50
67.00
61.00
61.50
62.00

C le rk s, file, c la ss A _________ _______________ _______ _
M anufacturing __________________________________________
Nonm anufacturing _______________________________________
W holesale trade _____________________________________
Finance * *
_ _ _ _ _

1,417
821
158
488

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.0
38.0

66.00
66.50"
65.50
66. 50
65.50

C le r k s , f ile , c la ss B _ ____________________________________
Manufacturing ___ _______________________________ _________
Nonmanufacturing __________________ ____________ _ _
W holesale trade _____________________________________
R etail trade
Finance * * ___ _______ _____ __ _______ __ ______
S ervices ____________________________________ __ ___

6,242
1,679
4, 563
649
554
2, 524
381

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.5
40.0
38.0
39.0

53.50
56.00
52.50
57.00
52.00
50.50
53.00

1,833
659 '
1, 144
642
450

39.0
36.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.0
39.6
39.0
39.5
37.5
38.5

C le rk s, order
Manufacturing ______________________ ___________________
Nonmanufacturing ___ _____ ________ ______________
W holesale trade _____________________________________
R etail trade ___________________________________________
C le rk s, pay ro ll ________ _____ ___ ___ _________________
Manufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________
W holesale t r a d e ______ ____________________________
Finance
_
Services

S e e fo o tn o te at end o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .




5%

”

2,495
1,442
1,053
300
157
175

c o m m u n ic a t io n ,

1

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

-

-

-

-

80
46
34
8
7

30

262
96
118

218
247
69 1 137
no
149
42
57
16
29

39
8
31
25

33
6
27
26

2
2
-

5
3
2
-

-

-

"

239
182 "
57
1
40
7
1
8

123
39'
84
31
10
30
13

31
13
18
1
2
15

16
6
10
_
10
_
_

1
1

379
45
124
132
65
13

491
225“
266
9
126
45
64
22

_
_
_

_
_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

“

-

111
32
79
21
41

65
34“
31
5
13

12

177
37
122

197
129
68
23
36

27
4
23
1
20

5
2
3
-

74
44
30
25
1
-

38
30
8
6
-

.

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

28
4
24
_
10

_
_
_
-

12
12
_
12
_

219
8
211
_
49
150
12

601
l4 l
460
11
50
175
136
88

810
237
573
34
137
159
216
27

1172

6
6
5

128
29
99
11
50

189
123
4
93

373
170
203
56
103

22 34
563
1671
171
163
907

1112
426
686
116
73
355
59

737
301
436
161
89
97
17

276
88
188
72
18
30

269
143
126
104
14

212
129
83
71
8

450

390
240
150
43

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

96
x5
69

2& 8

884
89
285
229
208
73

-

-

1237
186
1051
96
112
742
77

65.50
68.00
64.00
69.00
56.00

-

5
5
5

101
24
77
74

211
36
175
46
123

270
82
188
67
117

73.00
72.50
73.50
76.00
76^50
76.00

_
_

6
_
6
_
_

19
1
18
_

53
26
27
_
9

139
73
66
8
7
9

371
2 54
117
37

303
TTEU~

405
110
295
180
104

12
_
12
12
_

516
37
479
86
393

25 .

an d o th e r p u b lic u t il it ie s .

“

222

4

20

2

”

261

189
47
16
32

$29

33

5

83

4
2
2
2
-

4

8
4
2
2
"

131

"5
------- 3cT~ ------9
53
42
3

36
26

428
248
180
57
59
20

250
141
109
41
10
28

2

66
38
28
28
-

226
113
113
48
19
25

64
---------- r ~

62
62
-

75

1

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
8

8
8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

34

35
16
19

--------T T

27

13
12
1

3

14
4
1

_
_
_
-

1
1
1

------- 48

1
13

16

_
_
_
_
-

4
4

11

-

_
-

12

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

12
-

-

2

"

2

4

_
-

-

5
5
-

6
T a b le A - l : O ffice O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in C h ic a g o , III. , b y in d u s t ry d iv is i o n , A p r i l 1957)

Ave R G
AE
N u m ber
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W ee k ly ,
hours 1
(Standard)

W e e k ly .
earnings1
(Standard)

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T - T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

$
40.00
and
under
45. 00

$
45.00

$
50.00

$
55.00

$
60.00

$
65.00

$
70.30

$
75.00

$
80.00

$
85.00

50.00

55. 00

60.00

65.00

70.00

75. 00

80.00

85.00

90.00

_
_
-

3
3
3
-

32
_
32
_
20
12

-

'

372
57
315
16
52
145
58
44

902
325
577
22
115
267
80
93

629
222
407
19
103
167
69
49

843
349
494
29
152
153
160

438
253
185
32
72
37
6
38

213
134
79
7
37
14
21

178
53
125
4
117
_
4
"

49
37
12
2
10
_

-

147
29
118
8
16
58
33
3

18
5
13

109
77
32

101
54
47

23

27
10
17

4
4

2
2

“

50
50
_
10
24

187
46
141
14
36
30

547
217
330
24
51
152

976
447
529
79
64
2 59

756
359
367
50
39
135

54
14
40
2
10

200
38
162
35
49

536
196
340
30
195

294
67
227
58
121

Under
40.00

$
90.00

$
$
$
$
$
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 ?15.00 120.00
and
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00

Women - Continued
Com ptom eter operators ____________________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
Public utilities * ___________________ ________________
W holesale trade ______________________________________
R etail trade __________________________________________
Finance * * _______________________ ___________________
S ervices ____________________________________________ _

3,809
1,462
2, 347
139
674
864
262
408

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
37.5
40.0

3
68.50
71.00
67.00
69.00
72.00
63.50
62.00
68.50

461
291
170

39.0
39.8
39.0

60.50
“ 5975(5“
62.50

-

12
12

*

_
1
1
1

D uplicating-m achine o perators (m im eograph
M anufacturing
__ _
_____________________________
Nonm anufacturing_______________________ __________________
Key-punch operators
Manufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
__ __
Public utilities *
____
_ __
R etail trade ___________________________________________
Finance * * _

4,208
1,847
2,361
307
264
1,022

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.5
38.0

67.00
68.00
66.00
68.50
62.00
64.50

_
_
_

Office g ir ls _
Manufacturing
N on m an ufacturin g________________________________________
W holesale trade _
__ ..
....... .
F in a n c e **
.
_
_

1,305
458
847
158
387

39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0
39.0

54.00
55.50
53.50
55.50
53.50

5
5
-

10,668
4,829
5,839
486
980
1,219
1,976
1, 178

39.0
' 39 " 0"
.
38.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
38.0
37.5

83.00
84.50
82.00
89.00
85.00
78.50
80.00
82.50

10,328
5, 140
5, 188
485
1, 136
487
2,094
986

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
37.5
37.5

70.00
70.50
70.00
74.00
71.00
66.00
68.00
7 3-. 00

536

38.5

78.00

S ecretaries
M anufacturing
____
_
_ _
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities * ___________________________________
W h o le s a le

tra d e

R etail trade
Finance * *
S ervices

------

_
..

_

_

Stenographers, gen eral
_
............ .
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
. _ ___
... .
Pu blic u tilitie s * _ _ ......
W holesale trade _
Retail trade
..... .............
Finance * *
S ervices
_. . ___ . ...

Stenographers, technical

.....................

S e e fo o tn o te at end o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .




c o m m u n ic a t io n ,

an d o th e r p u b lic

-

-

-

_
_
-

1
- —
1
_
_

24

78
87
------55“ ------57“
18
30

75
--------s ~

22

_
-

67
5
6

932
378
554
69
57
340

f
”

138
89
49
19
3

325
68
257
11

32
91
106
17

1

8

-

14

38
4
14

230
102
128
4
14
32
72

885
455
425
38
54
63
226

6

44

2091
939
1152
57
257
113
543
182

3

22

-

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

u t il it ie s .

23
13
10
_
_
9

1
-

53
2F

25
10
9

11

23
------T9~
4
4

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

"

~

“

36
9
27
6
_
4

19
8
11
1
_

4
2
2
2
_

2
5
5
“
2 -------- 5 -------- 5“
_
_
_
_
_
_

_

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

_

"

it

3
3
_
_
_

-

-

-

1516
?3T
785
67
160
223
222
113

1093
"555
528
40
89
68
213
118

616
34'4
272
34
62
23
103
50

942

484

207
75
132
39
30

26
14
12

_

436
252
I9o — X F T
103
246
28
34
2
4
20
58“

1 -------- 1 T
1

-

-

908
339
569
20
25
97
318
109

1026
393
633
50
90
165
220

2128
w r1144
64
197
196
408

108

279

1976
854
1122
90
191
289
290
262

2013
905~
1107
87
206
91
524
199

1755
1083
672
70
154
97
226
125

1648
722
926
93
328
49
324
132

519

“ 293i

423
67
51
24
108
173

191
24
41
36
81

94

147

108

43

68

9

2

“

-

_

-

-

_

_
_

_

233
358
216
46
127
----- j y —
189 — B T - n o - ------ 13“
75
86
13
96
169
18
34
27
5
21
18
23
15
3
69
7
2
11
27
33
25
3
4
33
10
12
38
1

17
10
7

4
2

1

2

34
29

1
_
_

_
_
_

9

6

28

2

17

_

_

6

_
_
_

-

1
_

_
_

_

_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

l
1

4

7
T a b le A -1 : O f fic e O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Chicago, 1 1 , by industry division, April 1957)
1.

Average
Number
of

o c c u p a t io n ,

W om en
S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s

a n d in d u s t ry d iv is io n

-

1 ,9 9 9
" 5I T "

209
322
578

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s
M a n u fa c t u rin g
. .

6 3 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
5 8 .5 0

3

263

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

$
1 0 5 .0 0

$
1 1 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

3
_
_
3
_

6 8 .0 0

_
_

5 7 .0 0

_

66. 50

469
178
103

6 7 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
6 6 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

3 8 .0
$ 8 .5

7 4 .0 0
7 3 .5 0 "

_

___
....

_______________________________________________
_
_ _ ____
_____

_____

_

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B ______________ _______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e
.....................................
_________________________________________________
_ ............................
_

___________________________________________

________

_
_

943

1 ,8 5 3
70 2

3 8 .5
$ 9 .0

1, 151
470
40 2

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

6 7 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
6 6 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

5 ,0 0 6
2 ,5 9 9
2 ,4 0 7
184
214
1 ,3 8 7
378

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .5

6 7 .5 0
6 8 .6 6
6 7 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

1 0 ,7 5 3
3 ,8 4 5
6 ,9 0 8
1, 177
1 ,1 7 2
3 , 197
1 ,0 0 6

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

5 8 .5 0
5 9 .6 6
5 7 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
5 6 .5 0
5 7 .0 0
6 1 .5 0

_

_

12
_
12

.

.

-

-

_

48

28

251
37

4
44
20
17
_

6
22

34
_

50
75
30
15
1

1
_
_

_
_
_

15
6

_
-

11
43

65
23

3

91
88

46
63

72
54

40
24

21
31

25
4

5
2

26
231

75

55

55
32
23

12
43
25
18

-

1
1

_

_

*

-

-

34
11
23

125

110
102
16

12
62

_

-

212

1
24

_

_
_

251

116

109
6

_
_

-

34
-

367

114
181
18

263
6

_
_
_

_

295

90
161
18
52
27

_

_

277
7
270
17

3
3

124
15

_

3 7 .5

___ ___
..............

____

_

4 1 .0

3 9 .0

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

R e ta il tra d e
F in a n c e * *

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 9 .0

T y p i s t s , c l a s s A ______________________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u rin g
..............
.............
.... ..
. .
.
N o n m a n ufa c t o rin g
...........
.........
.........
P u b lic u t il it i e s *

S e rv ic e s

5 0 .0 0

-

7 0 .5 0

1, 107
975

g e n e r a l ________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u rin g . . .

W h o le s a le t r a d e

$
6 5 . 50

3 9 .0

2 ,0 8 2
.............

T r a n s c rib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,

S e r v ic e s

4 0 .0

_ .

...........

. _

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ______
_______________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________ _

W h o le s a le tr a d e
F in a n c e * *
_

$
4 5 .0 0

_

_
_

15

14
10

49
49
1
22

80
20
60
1
49
"

551
76
475
47
152
27 0
1

2374
635
1 739
294
372
70 3
173

500

270

26 7

52

41

34

I7 o ~

230
122
46

110
160
75
21

205
62
31

15
37

22
12

29

28
13
12

52

17

13

15

1

_

3

31

165

136

147

72

62

69

72

57

170
77

118

30

70

47

12

234
125
109
59
15
2

25 2
57
195
106
65

561
it s ”
273
116
63




-

-

$
1 1 5 .0 0

-

$

1 2 0 .0 0
and

1 2 0 .0 0

over

450
213
237
106
87

398

339
l6 l
178
95
41

99
116

420
226
194
3
12
112
21

1509
684
825
32
50
568
97

1 332
752'
580
44
30
33 6
113

3 4 17
1$26
2097

2853
1 095
1758
2 54
338
823
293

898
493
405

349
191
1242
255

119
40
130
93

243
87
156
51
63

855
4$ 1

132
266

470
30T5
164
18
28
54

424
28
50
251
52

—

377
rer~
226
55
67
5
79

69
I T

40
5
6

_

220

n

100
40
22
11
24

40
12
20
6
2

62
—

67

T2U ~

57

173
47
126
46
1
\ 1
"77

38
13
25
6

13
6
7
1

r

r

40
11

_
29

4
_

.

1
_

4
_
_

_
-

1
-

_
-

_
_
_

-

4
_

_
-

-

-

1

-

_

_

_

_

1
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

1

_
_
_

_
_

11

"

-

"

6
6

_

.

_

_

-

-

_
_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

_

12
---------- 5“

i
l

1
2

_

_
_

_
_

1
1

52
--------32“
20
6
2
12

1
1
1

_

_

_

1
_

-

_
_

13

7
4
3

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

*

-

_

~

.
-

_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

"

“

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

6

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
** Finance, insurance, and real estate.
1

-

C o n tin u e d

_______________________________________________

1 ,4 8 6
170
207

N o n m a n u fa c t u rin v
W h o le s a le t r a d e
F in a n c e * *
S e rv ic e s

Weekly1 Weekly . U n d e r
hours
earnings 1
(Standard) (Standard) 4 0 . 0 0

$
4 0 .0 0
and
4 5 .0 0

Sex,

8
T a b le A - 2 : P ro fe s s io n a l a n d T e c h n ic a l O c c u p a tio n s
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
in C h ic a g o , 111., b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , A p r i l 1957)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

A verage

Number
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$

$
is
$
$
$
|
S
$
js
$
S
S
S
S
*
65.00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 9 0 .00 95.00|100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.001130.00 135.00 *140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00
and
and
under
65. 00
7 0.00 75. 00 80. 00 85.00 90. 00 25_,._00_ 100.001105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.ool 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 over

Weekly Weekly Under
hours * earnings *
(Standard) (Standard) $

$

$

$

$

1
--------------

Men
Draftsmen, leader _____________________
Manufacturing _______________________

620
263

39.5
39.5

Draftsmen, senior ______________________
Manufacturing _ ___________ ________
Nonmanufacturing
____________ ___
Public utilities * __________________

3, 827
2,290
1, 537
90

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

i

$
133.50
131. 00

118. 00
112.00

-

115.00
113. 00

16

23

7
9
-

14
9
-

3

7

279
258

410
375
35
9

407
321

1

309
253
56
3

318
214
104
4

117
94

23
20

18

2

2

2

6

18

1
5

93
78
15

162
140

102

10

-

126

81.
80.
87.
94.

40.0
40.0

66. 00 2

97

66. 00 *

68

676

39.5
39.5
39.5

83. 50
83.50
83. 50

, 8S6‘

Tracers _ ____ __ ________ _________
Manufacturing
__ ____ __
___

104
67
37

2

2

-

260
189

”

1
1

4
“

39.5
3975”
39. 5
39.5

2,422

4

-

556
82

Draftsmen, junior __ ________ ____
Manufacturing _ ___________ _______
Nonmanufacturing
____ ____ ___
Public utilities * _________________

1
1

1

50
00
00
00

108
18

21

2

86

1

138
115

23

4
4

I
-

308
237
71
7

246
187
59
5

182

178
124
54
15

102
80
16

_

_

-

84
62

62
49
13

7

34
14

516

260

286

16 6

230

94

7

:

10
10
345
199
146

55
13

111

271
149

424
233
191

122

6i

?6
31

zi

33

| ' 78
41

34

224
l36

193
60
133

301
217
84

143
72
71

88

6

10

3

14

21

130
56
74

28
1
7

34

8

20

10
10

7

-

14

-

1

26

4

-

1
_

11

-

3
3

i

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

8

14
1
?

23
12

47

2

— r

6

26
7

52
24

100

9

94
61

55
1
54

54
4l
13

8

42
58
3

33

9

-

2

-

_

2

_

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

"

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_
"

"

-

-

8
-

-

_

1

_

_

-

_
1
---------1

“

"

i

_

_

_

"

"

-

-

_
-

Women

1
2
3
*

5W ~

127

8

22

118
16

93
78
15

22

17
13

5

3

4

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

Nurses, industrial (registered) ______
Manufacturing _________________ __ __
Nonmanufacturing _

“

'

'

'

'

"

"

'

2

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s :
2 at $ 5 0 to $ 5 5 ; 33 at $ 5 5 to $ 6 0 ; and 62 at $ 6 0 to $ 6 5 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 20 at $ 5 5 t o $ 6 0 ; 48 at $ 6 0 to $ 6 5 .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a il r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

T a b le

A -3:

M a in te n a n c e a n d

P o w e r p la n t O c c u p a tio n s

(A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
in C h ic a g o , 111., by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , A p r i l 1957)
N U M B E R OF WORKERS R E C E IV IN G STRA IGH T-TIM E H O U R LY E A R N IN G S OF—
Number
of

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t ry d iv is io n

C a r p e i.t e r s ,

m a i n t e n a n c e __ _________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
R e ta il tra d e

______

____

—

_____

______

1, 2 3 2
81 3
419
154

___

153

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e _____ ___________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________
____ _____
N o n m a n u fa c t u rin g
____ ____
____
__ ___
R e t a i l t r a d e . __ ___________ __
_______________
F i n a n c e * * __
__________________________
___
S e rv ic e s _
____
___
_ __
_____

3 ,2 7 2
2, 624
648
94
228

E n g in e e r s ,

F in a n c e * *

____

—

____

____

____

s t a t io n a r y

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ ______ __ __ ____
__________
N o n m a n u fa c t u rin g
_______________ ______ __ ___
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______
______ __
___________
__
____ ___
R e ta il tra d e
__ ___________
F i n a n c e * * __ __ ___________
______
_______
S e rv ic e s

S ee fo o t n o t e a t en d o f t a b le .
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




Average
hourly , U n d e r
earnings
$
1. 70
$
2 .6 5
2 .4 7
3 .0 1
2 .8 5
3 . 33

$
L70
and
under
1 .8 0

$
1 .8 0

1 .9 0

$
2 . 00

$
2 . 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 . 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2 . 50

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 . 80

$
2 .9 0

$
3. 00

3 . 10

$
3 .2 0

* 3 .3 0

* 3 .4 0

3 . 50

$
3 .6 0

$ . 70
3

1 .9 0

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 . 10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3. 50

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

over

9
4

4
-

17
3
14
14
"

$

an d

_

12

-

-

12
-

-

-

-

2
2
-

2 .7 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

131

2 .7 2
2 .9 8
2 .8 0
3 .2 3
2 .8 2

-

2 .7 5

_

_

_

1, 20 1
1, 153
150
228
351
38 2

2 . 67
2 . 83
2 .7 5
2 .7 7
2 .9 3
2 . 83

-

-

-

“

“

■

96

16

92
4
3

-

-

“

14
5
9
1
-

42
41
1
-

130
124
6
-

7

-

-

44

55
53
2
-

1
-

42
2
1
1
-

35

~

-

2 , 354

63
63
-

5
2

59
22
37
-

58
41
17

1
-

166
100

T o T

66
48

13
-

-

-

-

163

9
1
2

324
301
23
8
3
10

338
26 1
77
65

-

90
46
44
27
11
2

122
58
64
14

124
86
36
3

137

173

10
-

2
-

105
32
2
10
-

181
151
30
3
4
-

"

38

28

20

“

36

139
24

119

156
153
3
1

3

153
124

16

25

29
-

71
67
4
-

12
4
-

22
3
1

4
-

5
2
3
3

-

1

2

-

4

-

332
“ 303

80 3
58
38
2
1

269
261
7
3

298
176
122
25
84

117
■ 3?

29
-

-

-

“

470
195

590
176
414
10
32
262
110

185
88
97
78
2
-

49
34

8
6

19
8

15
-

2
-

11
-

17

13

2

11

1

129
44
2
-

1

275
10
152
87
24

80
1
-

17
12
5
5

40
18
22
22

2
-

255
11
244
60
146
16
15
1
1
-

—

_

1
r
-

3
-

3
-

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

-

224
74
150
6
121
23

66
64

71

6
------ 5
-

1

-

-

_
-

13
-

9
-

26
-

13
-

9
-

26
-

“

13

9

26

2
1
-

39
32
1
7

_
-

O c c u p a t io n a l W age S u rv e y , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r i l 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a tis t ic s

9
Ta ble A -3 :

M aintenance and Pow erplant O ccupations - Continued

(Average hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Chicago, 111., by industry division, April 1957)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
o
f
w rk
o ers

$
A
verage
$
hu
o rly Under 1.70 1.80
earn gs* $
in
and
1.70 under
1. 80 1.90

$
1.90

$
$
$
$
$
2. 00 2. 10 2.20 2. 30 2.40

2.00

2. 10

2.20

2. 30

2.40

2. 50

$
$
2. 50 2.60

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

$
2.90

$
3. 00

$ 10
3.

$
3.20

2.60

2. 80

2.90

3. 00

3. 10

3.20

3. 30

2. 70

$ 30 $
3.
3.40
3.40

3. 50

$
3. 50 $
3.60 $3. 70
3.60

3.70

and
over

Firemen, stationary boiler __________________
Manufacturing _ ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_________________________
Retail trade
____________________________

1, 058
766
292
77

$
2.20
2. 1
1
2.42
2. 34

66
66
-

78
78
"

68
64
4
4

99
91
8
8

100
71
29
1

61
38
23
7

108
106
2
-

122
121
1
-

102
22
80
49

142
42
100
8

96
51
45

12
12

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Helpers, trades, maintenance _________________
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

2,417
1, 918
499

2. 11
2.09
2. 17

56
38
18

62
54
8

221
218
3

231
205
26

626
570
56

580
445

291
146
145

109
65
44

124
69
55

61
52
9

6
6
"

1
1

6
6

43
43

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

Machine-tool operators, toolroom ____________
Manufacturing ______________________________

2, 888
2, 888

2.59
2. 59

_

_

_

43
43

199
199

298
298

218
218

440
440

153
153

207
207

102
102

20
20

9
9

8
8

.
_

-

~TW

463
463

-

“

65
65

639

-

24
24

“

Machinists, maintenance __
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing
________________________

3,290
3, 117
173

2. 75
2. 74
2.90

_
-

6
6
-

7
7

10
8
2

81
81
-

114
109
5

272
272
“

423
416
7

275
251
24

865
857
8

506
497
9

303
292
1
1

155
56
99

1
7
16
1

27
25
2

28
25
3

Mechanics, automotive (maintenance)
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________ _
Public iitilitip.s *
Wholesale t ra d e __________________________
Retail trade

1, 936
480
1,456
1, 028
265
137

2. 59
2. 50
2.63
2. 66
2. 58
2.51

6
6
6

_
-

20
9
1
1
8

75
43
32
14
10
5

57
9
48
31
10
4

197
137
60
25
20
15

236
156
80
18
10
32

725
83
642
480
101
61

362

197
5
192
192

_

336
236
94
6

_
-

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

6
6
6

-

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

385
376
9

347
295
52

515
432
83

580
513
67

542
539
3

605
591
14

71
55
16

141
107
34

113
5
108

_
■

1
1

_
_

2
2

"

-

“

_

8
8

18
18

32
32

37
37

132
130

242
242

291
289

526
463

418
417

35
35

14
14

9
9

1
1

31
31

1
"

-

_

"

“

75
75
-

159
156
3

245
241
4

317
314
3

179
177
2

75
31
44

40
37
3

31
1
30

-

2
1
1

_
■

"

_
“

7
6
l
l

18
18
-

87
51
36

53
35
18
4

98
78
20
2

90
80
10
10

55
48
7
5

133
72
61
59

26
24
2

15
15
-

2
2

31
31

73
71
2

53
48
5

171
170
1

198
196
2

239
223
16

251
245
6

_

3

7

17

8

11

6

2

O ile r s ________________________________ ________
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_________________________

1, 234
1, 141
93

2. 09
2. 06
2. 37

40
59
l

Painters, maintenance_________________________
Manufacturing _ ---------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing
_________________________
Public utilities * _________________________

978
472
506
81

2.76
2. 50
3. 01
2.59

_
-

_
*

_
-

1, 330
1, 198
132

2.68
2.64
3. 02

_
■

_
-

_
-

114

2. 78

_

_

2

71

~W ~
2

_
l

2.92
2.92

"

■

2
2

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




.
-

315
290
25

"

Tool and die m a k e rs_________________________ _ 4, 337
4, 337
Manufacturing ______________________________

-

3

2. 60
2. 60

■

.
-

255
211
44

1, 795
1, 726

2.69
2.69

-

62
45
17

M illw righ ts_____________________________________
Manufacturing ______________________________

487
462

-

6
6

4
4

2.49
2.48
2. 55

Sheet-metal workers, maintenance ___________
Manufacturing ______________________________

-

-

1
1

_
-

3,939
3,459
480

____________

_
-

1

23
23

-

_

_
"

Plumbers, maintenance _________

1
-

171
169
2

54
12
42
12
20
10

Mechanics, maintenance
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

Pipefitters, maintenance ______________________
Manufacturing _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________

135

“

26

_

_

-

-

"

-

_

_

-

-

_
“

3
3

_
-

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

69
69
~

32
32

_
■

_
"

_
-

_
-

15

10

2

_

_

_

.

.

.

"

32
22
10

2
2
-

2
1
1

354
17
337

31
29
2

107
104
3

49
8
41

24
2
22

13

_

1

16

21
20

33
33

42
40

124
121

157
142

26
26

25
25

90
90

228
228

329
329

466 1043
466 1043

32
30

2
2

1
1

1
1

1
1

“

“

536 486
536 "485

429

441
44 1

195
195

33
33

10
10

58
58

•

-

_

■

13
1
1

_
-

_

_

-

-

'
_

.
"
_

10
Ta b le A -4 :

Custodial and M aterial M ovem ent O ccupations

(Average hourly earnings for selected occupations studie4 on an area basis
in Chicago, 1 1 , by industry division, -A pril 1957)
1.

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
w rk
o ers

$
$
$
A
verage,
hu *
o rly
1 .2 0
1 . 10
. 00
earn gs Under 1and
in
$
under
1 .0 0
.
1 , IQ. .. 1 , 2 .Q 1.30
28
28

17
17

$
1. 30

$
1.40

$
1. 50

$
1 . 60

$
1. 70

1. 40

1. 50

1.

1. 70

1.

Elevator operators, passenger (men) - __ ___
Nonmanufacturing________ _____ _________
Retail trade _ _
Finance * * ----------------------------------------------

2, 052
1,936
132
1, 538

f. 97
1.97
1. 74
2. 05

-

-

-

14
14
-

Elevator operators, passenger (women) ______
Nonmanufacturing___________________________
Retail trade ____ __ __ ______________

529
5W
199

1. 25
1 . 23
1 . 18

11
11
11

154
154
56

72
72
56

82
82
30

160
27

Guards _ _ _ _ _
Manufacturing _ ____ __ __ ______________
Nonmanufacturing___________________________
Finance * * ________________________________

2, 850
1, 895
955
581

1. 94
1.98
1. 84
1. 83

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
5
5

23
23
23

122

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (m en)________
Manufacturing
___
Nonma nufac tur ing
Public utilities *
Wholesale trade __ __ ___
_ __
___
Retail trade
_ _ _
. ... .
.
Finance** — __ _______ _________________
Services
_ ______________ _____ ___ __

14, 788
8 , 517
6 , 271
720
532
1,727
1,967
1, 325

69
1. 73
1. 64
1. 76
1 . 61
1 . 39
1. 97
1. 43

99
99
_
_

418
59
359

835
59
776
24

659
216
443

965
609
356

366

782
303
479
58
67
269

100
260

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (w om en )_____
Manufacturing_____________________________ _
Nonmanufacturing___________________________
Public utilities * __________________________
Retail tra d e ______________________________
F in a n c e **___________________________ _____
Services ____ ___ __ _____ ___ __ ___

5, 381
w
4, 577
110
411
3, 086
886

1.

8
8
8

12

22

1

87
87
1

160

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

323
l80
143

286
197
89
40

216
267
" " B 7 "T 7 7
90
59
17
70

269
213
56
27

303
191

421
294
127

58

120

335
218
117
38

1747 1447
1387 1094
360 353
67
59
60
94
172
45
14
13

1150 1819
930 1 6 0 6
220
213
51
55
56
89
5
1
91
5
9
13
13

1542
1285
257

2793
567

2 61

127

5
117
59

6

133

26

187
74
113
3
30
1
1
58

198
105
93
_
57
10
21

215
126
89
26
37
9
12

26
_
26
-

lb
105
42
38

178
9
169
75
84

23,595
13, 694
9,901
2, 641
4, 490
2,669

1. 86
1. 82
1. 91
2. 21
1. 84
1. 74

16
16

20
2
18
18

37
37
_
37

482
206
276
141
122

632
457
175
66
99

1185
962
223
80
141

Order fillers _ __ __ __ ____________________
Manufacturing------------------ -----------------------Nonmanufacturing __ __________________ __
Wholesale trade __ __ ____
_____ ____
Retail trade _ __ ___
_____ ___

7, 282
3.06T
4, 217
2,927
1, 265

1. 87
1.18'
1. 87
1. 87
1. 87

_
_
-

52
52
52

100
100
100
-

127
18
109
83
26

276
17
259
138
121

278
50
228
118
*108

Packers, shipping (men) ___________ __ _____
Manufacturing______________________ „ ----Nonmanufacturing___________________________
Wholesale trade _ ___
_____ _________
Retail trade ______________________ ______

6, 664
4, 441
2, 223
1, 640
537

1. 79
1. 83
'
1. 72
1. 76
1. 58

_
-

348
152
196
125
65

Packers, shipping (women)
_
_ _
Manufacturing .
Nonmanufacturing___________________________

2, 239
1, 772
467

1. 66
1. 70
1. 48

13
13

9
9

Receiving clerks
....
............
Manufacturing _______ — _________________
Nonmanufacturing
... ..........
Wholesale trade
_
... _
.
Retail trade
.............. _

1, 863
906
957
460
439

2. 00
2. 07
1. 93
2. 01
1. 91

_
-

_
-

21

3971
65
3906
71
140
3032
643

1

168

172
133
39
10
3
21
2

2034 2243
1025 1128
1009 1115
8
12
780 371
182 728

21
11
11

22
12

88

112

$
2 . 60

$
2. 70

2. 50

2 . 60

2. 70

2.

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
IT
-

_

>
2

_
-

226

"209
17
4
66

28
12
16

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

.
_

_
_

_
_
-

36
“11 “"

-

-

-

-

5
4

1
_

1

1

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
-

_
_
.
_
_
-

-

-

27
27
_
27

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

224
8
1
143
66
14
63

40
36
4
4

13
1
12
10
2

42
2
40
40
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

-

_
-

1583 1804
505 467
1078 1337
24 523
793
529
258 285

3395
1328
2067
1883
53
131

237
125
112
40
72
-

3856
2933
923
17
833
62

_
_
-

1

1

3. 00

$
3. 00
and
over

1

_
-

2855 2897
2058 2378
797
519
14
4
512 246
261
260

90

2 . 90

-

_
_
-

1
1
-

2.

$

1

_
_
-

-

80

-

-

44
43
1
-

2.

9
9
_
_
_
9

1

94

2
2

_
-

80

$

3
3
_
_
3
-

-

2

93
1697
179

11
6

_
_

.

62
8

255

11
21

126

2

*
2. 50

62
4
_
4
_

2226

43

115
107
8
_
3
1

176
85
3
5
7

157
146

2

$
2. 40

13
3
-

_
„
-

_
_
-

2
2

334
F67T
174
104
70

851
394
457
333
121

727
SW
147
110
32

836
549“
287
276
9

1255
332
923
789
128

843
272
571
490
78

503
84
419
189
230

279
91
188
6
181

96
68
28
16
12

14
14
-

20
19
1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

491
“ 275“
216
148
66

659
” 456'
223
142
77

762
957
205
119
86

748
884
540
416" “ 6 6 1 “ ' 366"
174
223
262
224
135
149
71
27
35

1026
436
590
562
16

576
576
-

94
74
20
20

47
46
1
1

24
24
-

17
17
-

76
76
-

19
19
-

14
14
-

4
4
-

37
37
“

242
112
130

330
348
104
60
— W
329 ""546” -----2
20
1
-

_
_
-

6
6
-

1
1
-

12
12
-

_

_

_
-

_

_
_

-

36
12
24
10
14

15

1
1
_

_

_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

100
100

428
'3'50
78

205
“ 137
68

220

148

38

4

19
19
_

6
_
6
_
6

33

42
15
27
2
21

71
2
69
35
29

109
32

See footnotes at end of table.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
** Finance, insurance, and real estate.




120

1

13
13

-

-

5
-

121

-

2. 40

3
3
_
3

-

2

23

2. 30

15
13
_
9

13
-

83

-

2 . 20

1735
1647
47
1520

7
5

20

33
3

2 . 10

4

71
214
25

1
133
164
- — r w ---- T ~
E~
24
1
88
36
24
48
1

2 .0 0

$
2. 30

-

26

16

, 9-Q-

2 . 20

$

16
15
9

2
2

1. 51
1 . 57
1. 50
1. 52
1. 31
1. 53
1. 49

Laborers, material handling __
Manufacturing_______________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities * _
_
Wholesale trade _
Retail t ra d e ______________________________

1

2 . 10

9
9
9

6

12

_
292

80

$

$
2 . 00

4
-

2

77

26

33
31

$
1.90

59
55
45
-

6

_
92
4
241

22

60

80

$
1.

T5T “ 144“

77

38
27

691
417“
274
175
96

41
211
13 - 105“
28 106
4
50
23
56

64

285
117
168
43
124

275
207
68
34
28

271
162
109
104
5

290
155
135
133
-

.
141
S4
87
4

82

—nr
i
_
i

Occupational Wage Survey, Chicago, 1 1 , April 1957
1.
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

_

_
_
_

.
_
17
17

11
T a b le A - 4 :

C u s to d ia l a n d M a te r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d

( A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s fo r : s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in C h ic a g o ,

111., b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n ,

A p r i l 1957)

N U M BE R OF WORKERS R E C E IVIN G STRA IGH T-TIM E H OURLY E AR N IN G S OF—

O c c u p a tio n 1 an d

in d u s t ry

Number
of
workers

d iv is io n

1. 6 0 2
5FT"
715

___________________

S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s

______

________

____________

1, 28 3
694

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------N o n m a n u fa c t u rin g

„
------------------------------------------__________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e __________________________ ____________

Under
$
1. 00

$
2. 11
2. 2 4
1. 9 4

462
203

S h i p p i n g c l e r k s ____________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________ ________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __ _______________ _____
R e t a i l t r a d e ________

Average
hourly *
earnings

2, 7 2 2
1, 69 0
2 , 145

T ru c k d riv e rs ,

lig h t (u n d e r

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m
in c lu d in g 4 to n s)
_ _

( l V 2 to a n d
_

T ru ck ers,

p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) _ ________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g . ----------------------------------- ----------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________ ___ ______
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ____________ __
______________ ___

w o rk e rs

9
2. 70

9
2. 80

9
2 . 90

9
3. 00

1. 20

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1. 50

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2 . 40

2. 50

2 . 60

2 . 70

2. 80

2 . 90

3 . 00

over

36
-

93
-

65
33
32
3

109
20

93
65
16

135
58
77
24

219
156
63
51

212
144
68
43

2
1
1
-

32
21
11
10

19

11

53

9

29 7
------T W
102
90
10

164
128
36
28
8

97

205

190

111

24
73
15
36

159
46
-

140
6o

93
97
94

49
62

20

80
65
3

19
-

12
7

143
22

19
-

5
-

121
-

and

-

26

36
23

-

3

10

12

11

13

_

_

_

-

-

32
-

71

-

15
-

-

15
-

19
12
3

-

37
37

-

9
-

-

-

9
-

-

-

-

-

-

8

32
14
18

_

.

-

.

-

25
-

21
-

1
-

29
6

1
-

23
-

10
10
-

-

52

89
74

25

-

-

-

-

20

-

23

-

16

-

2. 36

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

21
-

1
-

-

16
-

8
7

-

-

25

21

1

29
6
23

_

2. 53
2. 23

25
-

-

16

1

2. 33
2. 34
2. 33

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10
-

3
3
-

-

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

except

806
696

2.
----- 2 .
2.
2.
2.
2.

44
42"
44
43
53
41

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

4
-

4
-

-

4
-

4
-

42
32
10
10

64
63
1
-

-

-

-

-

4

4

-

1

.

.

.

*

2. 0 2

-

-

-

-

-

.

55
-

1

323
41

2766
-

121
51

27 3
.133

55
-

1. 31
T7T91. 18
1. 42
. 11

o th e rw ise

-

-

2 00
.

5, 1 0 2

w h ere

2. 29
2. 40

2 .0 8
2. 0 8
2 . 14
2. 10
2. 21

368
21 3

3, 8 6 4
314
2, 9 1 2

-

2. 40
2. 4 0

4, 462
3, 8 6 9
593

w

37
37
42
35

282
47
27

2766
10
2723

69
18

140
58
41

55

1

D a ta

2
3

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
In c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f s iz e a n d ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .

*

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n ,




m en

$
2. 60

-

1, 2 2 5

_______

W a t c h m e n -------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
____________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
R e ta il tra d e
_______________________ _____________
S e r v i c e s ________
__________________________________

to

$
2. 50

21
-

1 ,4 4 4

p o w e r ( o t h e r t h a n f o r k l i f t ) ____________

lim it e d

$
2. 4 0

25
-

5, 349
277

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s, o th e r
t h a n t r a i l e r t y p e ) __________
_________________
„
N o n m a n u fa c t u rin g
--------------------------------- ------

___________

$
2. 30

-

5, 0 7 2
3, 3 8 6
811
875

____

9
2. 20

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
t r a i le r typ e)
_
_ ...
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ______________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e
_
R e t a i l t r a d e ____ _________________________
__

__

9
2. 10

-

______________________________

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____

9
2. 00

-

749
3, 4 1 9
2, 0 1 4
1, 180

T ru ck ers,

$
1 .9 0

4 , 168

____

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________ ___
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * __ _________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e

$
1. 80

919
1 ,2 2 6

l V 2 t o n s ) ______

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____

9
1. 70

_

2. 38
2 .4 3
2.
2.
2.
2.

9
1. 60

12
-

z7o £~

11, 12 2
6, 557

$
1. 50

12
-

2. 06

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____ ___ _ ____ ______ _____
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ______________ _________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ___________________________
____
R e ta il tra d e
_______________________________________

S
1. 40

10
-

-

119

$
1. 30

10
-

1. 9 8

1 3 ,3 7 2
2, 2 5 0

9
1 .2 0

3
-

1. 84

T r u c k d r i v e r s 3 _____________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________
_____________________

9
1. 10

3
-

-

2. 05
2. 10
1. 86

589
332

$
1 .0 0
and
under
1. 10

19

18
18

52
42

270
165
105
56

23 2
102
130
27

15

20

in d ic a te d .

and

o th e r

p u b lic

and

u t ilit ie s .

la te

s h ift s .

-

67

26

54

22

43

272
156
13 6

146
90
56

215
208
7

69

21

4

114
7

13 4
3

125
21
104

50
49
1

4
4
-

17
-

89
80

17
-

9
-

10

4

_
-

_
-

-

_
_

264
494
' 2 5 0 “ " 49"2“
14
2
1
1
13
1

4

149
143

-

66

4

1
292

-

-

-

*4 4
419
25
22
"

23

49
8

75 9
602
157

1 1 85
1627'
158

151
5

151
7

49
7

-

1

6
-

48
16

51
31

6
4

12

1
3405
21 6

3276
2283
606

3189
2 3 29
221
638

253
15
238
92
44

513
65
448

573
3
570

_

2139
215
1924

20
P T

1
-

20

55
19 ------5 T ~
1
1
-

1

1

1

1

1

31
31
-

5
-

_

14
14
-

30

-

3784

2176
95 5

5
4
1

-

20
10
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1112

-

102

79

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

77 6
768
8

-

-

8
-

-

-

-

-

1 0 80
294
786

35 2
12
340

1511

323

458
138
32 0
-

-

-

-

-

262

448

180
160

16
16
-

296

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

2
2
-

-

387

1366
46
1 3 20
1 083
_
237

163
2885
r a g - ---------- E ~
157
2697
74
2149
61
20
487
63

1221
30

63 7
" 19 "1
618
30
57 6
12

20 6
190

69 9
551

167
151

66
57

305
27 5

651
556
101
-

20 0
113
87
2
85

169
147
22
22

176
168
8
8

2
2
-

93

251
241

24
4

210
T T I

131
111
20
-

21
--------- r
18
-

7
--------5

-

1
-

-

4

18
n r —
-

61
10

41
41

4

—

102
54

135
134

79

78
72
6
4

3202
362
2840
1 823
46 6
415

293
5
---------- r ------ T T 278
2
50
154
74
2

1
1

149
77
72

53
-

_

-

85
85
12
12
-

'

“

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

48
------ 4 B ~
-

-

-

-

.

_

-

*

_

_

-

-

-

~

_

-

-

-

-

-

-




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
T a b le

B -1 :

S h ift

D iffe r e n t ia l

P r o v is io n s 1

P ercen t of manufacturing plant w o rk e rs—
(a)
In establish: nents having
fo rm a l p ro v isions fo r—

Shift differen tial

Second shift
w ork

Total

. __

_ ____

____ _

...................... _

91.5

With shift pay differen tial

Under 5 cents ___ __
_ _ _ _ _
5 CGilts
6 cents _______________________________ ___________________
7 or 7 V2 cents _________________ ________ ______________
8 or 8ty cents __
g
9 cents __________________________________ _____ ___ ___
9 V2 cents ________
_____ ___________________ ________
10 cents ____________________________________________________
11 cents __ ______ ______ __ __ ___ ________ ___ __
12 or 12 V2 c e n t s ____________________________________________
1 3 cents ____________________________________________________
14 or I 4 V2 c e n t s __
15 cents
O v e r 15 cents _ _ ____________ __ _ _________________

__

_ _

5 percent _____________________________________________________
7 percent
___________ ___ _____ __ _____________ __
7 V2 percent _____________________
_______ __ __ ________
10 p e r c e n t ____________________________________________________
I 2 V2 p e r c e n t ___________ __ __ ___________________ ___
15 percent ----------------------------------------------------------------------------F u ll day's pay for reduced hours ----------------------- -------- —
F u ll day's pay fo r reduced hours, plus cents or
percentage differen tial
___
Other
_ __________ ______ __ ___ __
_________
____
No

shift pay differen tial

Actually w orking on—

Second shift

81. 2

19. 2

Th ird or other
shift

6. 1

90. 5

U n iform cents (p e r hour) __________________________________

U n iform percentage

T h ird or other
shift w ork

I

I

__ _________________ ________________

80. 2

18. 8

6. 0

44. 9

34. 8

9. 2

3. 2

.5
4. 6
6. 6
3. 7
.9
.6
3. 7
16.9

.1
.7
1. 9
.9
.2
.1
.4
3. 0

t

1.4

.4
1. 1
.1
1. 0
.7
6. 5
3. 0
9. 0
.7
1. 5

.9

.9

1.2
3. 3

8. 0
1.4

41. 8

38. 1

8. 6

2. 1

8 .4
.5

.6
.5
3. 0
27.9
2. 1
4. 0

2. 1
.1

t

-

.4

-

31. 0
1. 4
.5
.9

-

.5

-

.4
.2
.2
.2
.9

-

6. 0

.
.

3

-

.
.
1.
.
.
t

2
1
3
1
6

.2
.1
.5
.1
_

.2
1. 4
.1

1

.

.2

t

-

3

2.9

3. 1
4. 2

.9

.7

1.0

1.0

.4

.

1

1
Shift differen tial data a re presented in term s of (a) establishm ent policy, and (b) w o rk e rs actually em ployed on
shifts at the time of the su rvey. An establishm ent w as con sidered as having a policy if it met either of the follow ing conditions:
( l ) O perated late shifts at the time of the su rv ey, or (2) had fo rm a l provision s coverin g late shifts.
■ L e s s than 0. 05 percent.
f
Occupational W age Survey, Ch icago, 11 , A p r il 1957
1.
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u reau of L a b o r Statistics

late

13

T a b le B-2*.

N um ber

M in im u m En tra n c e Ra te s fo r W o m e n O ffic e W o r k e r s 1

o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s

w ith

s p e c ifie d

m in im u m

M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m
(w e e k ly

h irin g

rate

in —

N u m b e r of e s t a b lis h m e n t s

N o n m a n u fa c t u rin g

w ith s p e c ifie d m in im u m

M a n u fa c t u rin g

h ir in g

rate

in —

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

rate

s a la ry )

B ased

A ll
in d u s t rie s

o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—

A ll
s c h e d u le s

37 Vz

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

171

XXX

XXX

262

B ased

A ll
in d u s t rie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

37V2

on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—

37Vz

40

XXX

XX X

A ll
s c h e d u le s

37Vz

40

XXX

XXX

23

99

1
E s t a b lis h m e n t s

s t u d i e d __________________________________________________

433

XX X

I

XXX

433

171

For Other Inexperienced C lerical Workers 8

For Inexperienced Typists

E s t a b lis h m e n t s
Under

h a v in g

$ 3 5 . 00

a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _________________

21

87

250

102

14

78

148

_

1

_

_

1

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

1
-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

1
-

1

-

1

6

13

-

6
17

2

1
2

2

12
6

-

10
5

15

1

10

11
35

1
3

2

1
-

1
5
7

2

4

28

29
72
26

15

5

8

14

3

7

28

4

9
5

29
8

3
4

8
18

16
45

2
-

44
17

15
26

23

9

8

14

13
6

15
6
7

2
1
-

11
4
7

21
13
17

1
-

19
4

9
16
8
12
3

22
7

31
71

1
-

12
5
10

9
6
7

1
-

2

1

4
-

5
-

1
-

2

1

-

XXX

65

XXX

$ 3 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r

$ 4 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________________

$ 4 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r

$ 4 2 . 5 0 __________________________________________

7

$ 4 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r

$ 4 5 . 0 0 __________________________________________

and

under

$ 3 7 .5 0

________________________________________

132

_

1
1
-

$ 3 5 .0 0

_________________

80

_

235

_________________________________________

$ 4 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r

$ 4 7 . 50 __________________________________________

$ 4 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r

$ 5 0 . 0 0 __________________________________________

$ 5 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r

$ 5 2 . 50 __________________________________________

$ 5 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r

$ 5 5 . 0 0 __________________________________________

$ 55.
$57.
$60.
$62.

$ 57.
$60.
$62.
$65.

00
50
00
50

an d
an d
an d
an d

under
under
under
under

50
00
50
00

__________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________

31

10

1
-

9
7
5
7

-

1
-

-

-

-

1
-

4

-

6
-

5
-

3

-

3

1

-

1

3

2

101

47

XXX

XXX

54

XXX

XXX

109

44

96

21

XXX

XXX

75

XXX

XXX

73

25

XXX

XXX

48

XXX

XXX

-

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

1

-

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

4

---------------------

i n t h i s c a t e g o r y ____________________________________________________________

E s t a b lis h m e n t s

17
26

-

________________________________________________________

h a v in g n o s p e c ifie d m in im u m

4
4
12
2

1
-

$ 7 0 . 0 0 __________________________________________

E s t a b lis h m e n t s

2

4
-

$ 6 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r

4
-

and o v e r

-

-

$ 6 7 . 50 --------------

$70. 00

6
4

_

12
7
10
3

14

$ 6 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r

-----------------------------------------

103

14

262

1
1
-

11
2

XXX

1
XXX

w h ic h d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s

N o t a v a ila b le

__________________________________________________________________

1

1 Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced w orkers for typing or other c lerical jobs.
2 Hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e sa laries.
Data are presented for a ll workweeks combined, and for the most common workweeks reported.
3 Rates applicable to m essengers, office g irls, or sim ilar subclerical jobs are not considered.




Occupational Wage Survey, Chicago, 1 1 , A p ril 1957
1.
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA B O R
Bureau of Labor Statistics

14

T a b le B-3:

Scheduled W e e k ly H o u rs

P E R C E N T OF O F F IC E 1
WORKERS1 E M P L O Y E D IN —
W e e k ly h o u r s
All
industries

A ll w o rk e rs
U nder

______________________________________________________

35 h o u r s

________________________________________________

35 h o u r s

__________________________________________________________

36 h o u r s

__________________________________________________________

3 6 1U
O ver

h o u rs

___________

100

t
3
t
3

100

Retail trade

10 0

100

t

-

4
16

3

t

8

-

15

t

14

t
61

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K ER S E M P L O Y E D IN —
AH
industries 2

Services

Fin an c e**

100

t

94

t

60

t
t
t
t

t

t

-

■

■

-

3

100

-

6

12

t

-

3

t

3

t
3

4

t
t

t

10 0

t

t
8

t
17

-

6

7

4

31

13

93

t

-

68

~

t

-

t

-

3

t

t

4

-

t

t

-

-

3
7

9
9
31
-

83

t

46
t
t

t
t

3

-

t

4

■

“

10 0

Public
utilities *

100

Wholesale
trade

10 0

Retail trade

100

Services

100

t

t

84
t

t
3
t

100

■

_
_
_
t

83
t
t

8
1

_
_
_
_
_
_
77
3
t

8
12

3

t
t
t
3

t
t

66

3
7
_
9
4

Data relate to women w orkers only.
Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 2.5 percent.
Transportation (excluding railroa d s), communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.

Ta b le B-4:

Paid H o lid a y s 1

P E R C E N T OF O FFICE W ORKERS! E M P L O Y E D IN —
Ite m

A ll w o rk e rs
W o rk e rs

Manufacturing

6

t

____________________________

3 7 V2 h o u r s

Wholesale
trade

t

_________________________________________________

Over 37V 2 and under 383 t hours ________________
A
38V4 hours _____________________________________ _
Over 3834 and under 40 hours __________________
/
40 hours __________________________________________
Over 40 and under 44 hours ____________________
44 hours __________________________________________
Over 44 and under 48 hours
48 hours __________________________________________
Over 48 hours ___________________________________
1
2
+
*
**

100

t
5

3 6 V4 u n d e r

3 7 V 2 h o u r s ____

_____________________________

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

All
industries

______________________________________________________

in e s t a b li s h m e n t s

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K ER S E M P L O Y E D I N —

Services

Finance#*

I

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

p r o v id in g
99

99

100

99

100

10 0

99

98

99

98

97

96

88

___________________________________

t

t

-

-

-

-

t

6

3

-

t

7

52

6 h o l i d a y s ____________________________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ____________________________

38

35

14

47

96

13

64

42

33

33

62

82

31

4

6

-

5

-

4

4

t

-

t

-

t

6

14

t

5

t

t

t

12

17

-

4

-

t

-

-

-

-

4
3

t
t

60

32

t

5

14

34

-

35

28

20

6

3

-

3

t
5

-

t

10

-

-

t

p a id h o lid a y s
Less

___________________________________________ ______

th a n 6 h o lid a y s

6 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s

________________ ____

__

6 h o lid a y s p lu s

3 h a lf d a y s

_________________________

t

6 h o lid a y s p lu s 6 h a lf d a y s

_________________________

T
26

7 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s

1 or

2 h a lf d a y s

__________________

t

t

3

7 h o lid a y s p lu s

5 or

6 h a lf d a y s

__________________

t

-

-

-

8 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________________

5

8

t

9

t

4

t

8 h o lid a y s p lu s

t
t

-

-

-

-

5

t

5

-

9 h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________________
9 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 o r 2 h a l f d a y s __________________

3

t

21

-

-

3

5

+

-

-

-

t

4

-

t
t
t

10 h o l i d a y s

t

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

t
t

-

t

-

3

-

t
-

-

-

-

t

t

39

1 h a l f d a y ____________________________

8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s

______________________

__________________________________________________

10 h o l i d a y s p l u s

1 h a lf d ay

_________________________

11 h o l i d a y s ______________________________
11 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y
11 h o l i d a y s
W o rk e rs

_________________

p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s

in e s t a b lis h m e n t s

n o p a id h o lid a y s

1
2
t
*
**

_

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

t

t

t

-

-

p r o v id in g

____________________________________________

Estimates relate to holidays provided annually.
Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L e ss than 2.5 percent.
Transportation (excluding railro a d s), communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




-

t
t

35
5
3

i
1
1
i

T
7
-

-

-

-

4

t

-

-

-

t
-

-

25

-

-

-

-

-

-

t

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

t

-

-

t

-

-

t

t

t

-

t

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

4

12

Occupational Wage Survey, Chicago, 111. , A p ril 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF LA BO R
Bureau of Labor Statistics

15

Table B-5:

Paid Vacations

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N -

V ac a tio n p o lic y

All
industries

Manufacturing

100

100

99
99
t
-

PERCENT OF PLAN T WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

106

100

100
99
t
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
96
4
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

99
93
6
t
t

t

-

-

-

t

-

_

99
64
99

100
66
100

100
53
100

100
51
100

100
26
100

99
91
99

2 w eek s o r m o re
6 m onths __________________________________________
1 year
2 y ears
3 y e a r s __________________________________________ _
5 y e a r s _____________________________________________
10 y e a r s ___________________________________________

99
5
80
97
99
99
99

100
6
83
96
99
100
100

100
88
98
100
100
100

100
74
93
98
100
100

99
t
31
99
99
99
99

3 w eek s o r m o r e _____________________________________
1 year
2 years
3 y ears
___ ___ _____ _________ ____________
5 y e a r s ____________________________________________
10 y e a r s _____ ___________________________________
15 y e a r s ___________________________________________
20 y e a r s _______________ __________________________
25 y e a r s ________________________________________ _

88

91
t
5
5
7
40
89
91
91

90

76

87

t
3
3
6
37
85
86
88

4 w eek s o r m o r e ____________________________________
10 y e a r s _________________________________________
15 y e a r s _________________________________________
20 y e a rs ________________________________________ _
25 y e a r s

32
t
t
11
32

28
3
3
9
28

25

A ll w o r k e r s

_ _

_ _

Public
utilities *

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

1JJ

100

100
90
8
t

100
100
-

98
98
-

100
94
6
-

100
99
t
-

t

-

-

t

100
57
100

99
14
99

99
11
99

100
5
100

98
22
97

100
31
100

99
5
99

99
11
98
99
99
99
99

99
75
99
99
99
99

99
t
18
51
72
98
99

99
12
38
61
98
99

100
32
70
100
100
100

98
42
72
84
98
98

98
t
36
90
93
98
98

98
12
58
90
98
98

80
t
40
78
78
80

81
9
40
77
81
81

22
t
t
t
3
8
18
22
22

33
t
t
8
33

41

t
t
t
t
t

Finance * *

Services

All
i
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

M ETHOD OF P A Y M E N T
W o r k e r s in e stab lish m en ts
paid vacations
L e n g t h -o f-t im e paym ent
P e rc e n ta g e paym ent
F la t -s u m paym ent
Other
_
W o r k e r s in estab lish m en ts
no paid v acation s

p ro v id in g
_______________________

_
p ro v id in g

-

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y
A N D S E R V IC E P E R I O D 2
1 w e e k or m o re
6 months
_
_
1 y e a r ______ __________________________________

1
2
s e rv ic e
r e c e iv e
t
*
**

-

-

-

-

3
37
75
75
76

3
59
84
87
87

94
3
31
89
89
94

60
7
7
17
26
48
56
57
60

84
3
4
4
7
30
82
84
84

89
5
6
6
8
31
87
89
89

99
-

32
3
3
13
32

73

30

24
t
t
10
24

55

-

10
t
4
5
10

19

-

-

-

-

3
90
90
90

-

18
25

-

12
73

t
9
30

-

6
19

-

4
99
99
99

t
48
55

-

17
41

In clu d es data fo r r e a l estate in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s show n se p a ra te ly .
P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily chosen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in dividual p ro v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the changes in p ro p o rtio n s in dicated at 10 y e a r s ’
in clu d e changes in p ro v is io n s o c c u rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a r e cu m u lative.
T h us, the p ro p o rtio n re c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' o r m o re pay a fte r 5 y e a r s in clu d es those who
3 w e e k s ’ o r m o re pay a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
L e s s than 2 .5 p e rcen t.
T ra n s p o rta tio n (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s .
F in .an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate.




O ccupational W a g e S u rv ey , C h ic a g o , III. , A p r il 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u of L a b o r Statistics

NOTE:

In the tabulation s of v acation a llo w a n c e s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym ents other than "len gth of tim e, "
such a s p e rc e n ta g e of annual e a rn in g s o r fla t -s u m p aym en ts, w e r e con verted to an equivalent tim e
b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 percen t o f annual earn in gs, w a s c o n sid e re d a s 1 w e e k 's pay.

16

Table B-5:

Paid Vacations - Continued

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS! EMPLOYED IN —

V acation p o lic y

All
industries

Public
utilities *

Manufacturing

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

PERCENT OF P LAN T WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —

Finance**

Services

All
.
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

P R E D O M IN A N T P A Y P R A C T I C E S F O R
S E L E C T E D Y E A R S O F S E R V IC E 3
1 y e a r o r le s s :
2 y e a rs o r le s s :

3 y e a r s o r le s s :
5 y e a r s or le s s :
10 y e a rs o r le s s :
15 y e a rs o r le s s :

20 y e a rs o r le s s :
25 y e a rs o r le s s :

1
2
1
2

w e e k ________________________
w eeks
w e e k ________________________
w eek s ______________________

2
2
2
3
2
3

w eeks
w eeks
w eeks
w eeks
w eek s
w eeks

______________________
_________________ __
______________________
______________________
______________________

2
3
2
3
4

w eeks
w eek s
w eeks
w eeks
weeks

______________________
.
_
......
______________________
. . _
_
_ _
.
.... .

XXX

XXX

78
XXX

70

88

XXX

XXX

79

84

64-

98

67

XXX

XXX

XXX

69

XXX

XXX

81
XXX

XXX

XXX

55

XXX
XXX

XXX

XXX
XXX

XXX

86
XXX
XXX

91

98

89

99

99

89

46

XXX

70

71

90

56

92
88
54

100
100
81

93
91
56

99
95
XXX

99
88
53

80
72
51

65
87
54

52
85
51

99
99
76

83
95
52

93
84
50

88
94
90

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

59

XXX

XXX

XXX

74

72

XXX

XXX

XXX

86
XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

84
XXX

87

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

79

85

78

78

51
XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

71

XXX

62

75

78

52

72

79

XXX

81

75
XXX

XXX

XXX
XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

55

62
XXX

XXX

44

65

XXX

Table B-6:

73

XXX

6?

50

XXX

XXX

All
industries

Manufacturing

100

100

Public
utilities *

100

52
XXX

XXX

77

67

45

46

XXX

XXX

XXX

81
XXX

XXX

77

64

XXX

70
XXX

XXX

58
XXX

77

XXX
XXX

41

XXX
XXX

E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s who re c e iv e m o re or le s s pay fo r

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS1 EMPLOYED IN —

W o rk e rs in establish m en ts p rovid in g:
L ife in su ran ce
.............
A c c id e n ta l death and d ism e m b e rm e n t
in su ran ce
S ickn ess and accident in su ran ce or
sick leav e o r both 2
Sickness and accident i n s u r a n c e _________
Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p erio d )
Sick le a v e (p a rtia l pay or
w aitin g p erio d )
H o sp italizatio n in su ran ce
S u rg ic a l in su ran ce
_ _ _ ___
M ed ic a l in su ran ce
C atastro p h e in su ran ce
...
. ....
R etirem en t pension
N o health, in su ran ce, or pension plan

XXX

94

1 Includes data fo r r e a l estate in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
3
The pay p ro v isio n ap p lic a b le to m o re w o rk e rs than any other sin g le p ro v is io n , fo r s e r v ic e up to and including the in dicated n u m ber of y e a r s .
the in dicated s e rv ic e p erio d .
* T ran sp o rta tio n (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), com m un ication , and other public u tilities.
* * F in an ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate.

A ll w o rk e rs __________________________________________

64
XXX

XXX

95
89
55

81

Type of plan

55
XXX

PERCENT OF PLAN T WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

Finance * *

Services

All
j
industries

Manufacturing

100

100

100

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

95

99

96

86

91

98

74

92

96

99

88

78

84

41

49

22

48

36

38

24

47

54

35

51

29

30

80
46

88
67

92
30

77
■44

94
33

62
28

49
23

89
75

94
86

99
55

74
57

76
46

78
74

39

44

33

48

7

48

28

5

t

31

19

t

11

15
80
80
53
24
75

8
85
85
61
14
79

50
44
44
22
26
88

3
81
79
53
18
69

60
95
90
22
4?
72

t

83
86
70
41
75

15
88
87
59
10
65

11
91
91
63
7
70

t

t

t

t

t

t

34
90
84
45
17
50
3

t
85
83
73

t

36
62
62
34
27
96
-

6
79
78
53
7
56

t

4
68
67
42
5
42
6

6

t

25
9

1 Includes data fo r r e a l estate in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
2 U nduplicated total of w o rk e rs re c e iv in g sick le a v e or sick n ess and acciden t in su ran ce shown s e p a ra te ly below . S ic k -le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to those w hich d efin itely e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m in i­
m um n u m ber of d a y s' pay that can be expected by each em p loyee. In fo rm a l sic k leave allo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d on an in dividu al b a s is a re excluded.
t L e s s than 2. 5 percen t.
* T ra n sp o rta tio n (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilities.
O ccupational W age S u rv e y , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r i l 19S7
* * F in an ce, in su ra n c e , and re a l estate.
u. S. D E PA R T M E N T O F LA B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r Statistics




17

Appendix: Job Descriptions

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ sign ifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude w ork­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-tim e,
tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

Office

B ILLE R , MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, b illers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:

Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
D eter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheeta, and other records by hand.

B iller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from custom ers' purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.

Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under b iller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers'
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on custom ers' ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertica l columns and computes and usually prints auto­
m atically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE O PERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c ­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, perform s one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

18
CLERK,

FILE

Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
m aterial in the files.
May perform incidental clerica l duties.
Class B - Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating m a­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerica l duties.
CLERK,

ORDER

Receives customers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by
m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
f ollowing: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled , keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
o rd ers.
CLERK,

KEY-PU NCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May Verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing m ail, and other minor clerica l work.
SECRETARY
Perform s secretarial and clerica l duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or m e m o r a n d a for information of superior.

PAYRO LL
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

P rim a ry duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
w riter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include transcribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COM PTOM ETER O PERATOR

STENOGRAPHER,

P rim a ry duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

P rim a ry duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

TECHNICAL

DUPLICATING -M ACH INE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR. D ITTO )
SWITCHBOARD O PERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters.
May sort, collate, and staple com ­
pleted m aterial.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages. May give in for­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
F or workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

1
9
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE O PERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD O PERATO R-RECEPTIO NIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to perform ing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerica l work may take the m ajor part of this w ork er’s
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACH1NE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or sim ilar machine is classified- as a stenographer, general.
TY PIS T
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerica l work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and d is­
tributing incoming m ail.
Class A - Perform s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing
m aterial in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining m aterial from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
form ity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form .
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim a ry duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerica l work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

P r o f e s si ona1

DRAFTSM AN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May p re­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or p re ­
lim inary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the follow ing: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Perform s one or more of the follow ing: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of form s,
insurance policies, etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

a nd

T e c hni c a 1

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued
em ergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of m aterials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrica l, mechanical, or structural drafting.

20
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the prem ises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

and

Powerplant

C ARPENTE R, M AINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIO N ARY

P erfo rm s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the follow ing: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter^
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting m aterials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or elec trica l) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, re fr ig e r a ­
tion, or air conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, m o­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigeratin g equipment, steam boilers
and b o iler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing m ore than one engineer are excluded.

E LEC TRIC IA N , M AINTENANCE
P erfo rm s a variety of electrica l trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrica l equipment such as generators, transform ers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrica l system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician*s handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREM AN, STATIO N ARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fir e by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing b oilerroom equipment.
H ELPER, TRADES, M AINTENANCE
A ssists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by perform ing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by jou r­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools, and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also perform ed by workers
on a fu ll-tim e basis.

21
M ACHINE-TOO L O PERATO R, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, M AINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or m illing machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and perform ing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
W ork involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance’
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, M AINTENANCE
M ILLW RIG H T
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va ­
riety of machinist*s handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations re la t­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
m achinists work norm ally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant la y ­
out are required. Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed r e ­
ducers. In general, the millwright*s work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AU TO M O TIVE (M AIN TEN AN CE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the follow ing: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, d rills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assem blies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
P A IN T E R , M AINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required Tor different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or fille r in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush. May m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

22

P IP E F IT T E R , M AINTENANCE

S H E E T-M E TA L WORKER, M AINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fo l­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe r e ­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
prim a rily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.

and laying out a ll types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating a ll
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLU M BER, M AINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plum ber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SH E E T-M E TA L WORKER, M AINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning

Custodial

a nd

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge m aker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix ­
tures or dies fo r forgings, punching and other m etal-form ing work.
Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of m etal parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tpols
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ­
ances; selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
F or cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

E LEV ATO R OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or sim ilar establishment.
W orkers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
P erform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees arid other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE M AKER

Movement

JANITOR,

PO RTER, OR CLE AN ER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or prem ises of an office, apartment house,
or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the follow ing: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

23

LABORER,

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

(L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r; h a n d ler and s ta c k e r; s h e lv e r ; tr u c k e r ;
stock m an o r stock h e lp e r ; w a re h o u s em a n o r w a re h o u s e h e lp e r )

- C ontinued

o th e r r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o rta g e s and r e je c tin g d a m a ged g o o d s ;
rou tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; m a in ta in in g
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f il e s .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g p lan t,
s t o r e , o r o th er e s ta b lis h m e n t w h ose d uties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f
the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and unloading v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n ­
d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th er tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ;
unpackin g, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r
s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; tr a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e b y hand tru c k ,
c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , who lo a d and unload ships a r e
e x c lu d e d .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g

c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
ORDER

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p ic k e r ;

stock s e le c t o r ; w a re h o u s e

stock m an )

F i l l s shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d good s fr o m
s to r e d m e rc h a n d is e in a c c o rd a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s ,
c u s t o m e r s 1 o r d e r s , o r oth er in s tr u c tio n s . M a y , in ad d ition to fillin g
o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g ite m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f ou t­
g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n a d d itio n a l s to c k , o r r e p o r t s h o rt s u p p lies
to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r r e la te d d u ties.

PACKER,

D r iv e s a tru c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m en t, o r m en b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f
e s ta b lis h m e n ts such as: M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d e p o ts , w a r e ­
h o u s e s, w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts and c u s t o m e r s 1 h ou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o
lo a d o r un load tru c k w ith o r w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m ak e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l
r e p a ir s , and k eep tru c k in good w o rk in g o r d e r . D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y s iz e
and ty p e o f e q u ip m en t, as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be r a te d
on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity . )

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u cts fo r ship m en t o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g
th em in shipping c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d b ein g
dependent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and nu m b er o f units to be p a c k ed , the
typ e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ip m en t. W o rk r e q u ir e s
the p la c in g o f ite m s in shipping c o n ta in e rs and m a y in v o lv e one o r
m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s ite m s o f sto c k in o r d e r
to v e r i f y con tent; s e le c tio n o f a p p ro p ria te typ e and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r;
in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to
p r e v e n t b re a k a g e o r d am age; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ta in e r; ap p lyin g
la b e ls o r e n te rin g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r .
P a c k e r s who a ls o
m ak e w o od en b o x es o r c r a te s a r e e x c lu d e d .

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d er 1V 2 to n s !
T r u c k d r iv e r , rnedium ( I V 2 to and in clu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , o th e r t h a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,

O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - bar e l e c t r ic - p o w e r e d
tru c k o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t good s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about
a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.

CLERK
tr u c k ,

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e ­
sp o n s ib le fo r in c o m in g sh ip m en t o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o r k in v o lv e s : A k n o w le d g e o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n and r a te s ; and p r e ­
p a rin g r e c o r d s o f the good s s h ip p ed , m ak in g up b ills o f la d in g , p o s t­
ing w e ig h t and shipping c h a r g e s , and k e ep in g a f ile o f ship p ing r e c o r d s .
M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c tin g o th e rs in v e r if y in g
the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m en ts a g a in s t b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r




PO W ER

F o r w age
as fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d b y typ e o f

p o w e r (f o r k l i ft )
p o w e r (o th e r than f o r k l i f t )

W ATCH M AN
M a k e s rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r t y
a g a in s t f i r e , th e ft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .

☆ U . S.

GOVERNMENT

P R IN T IN G

O F F I C E : 1957 O -4 3 2 5 2 9




Bulletins in This Series
O ccu p a tio n a l wage su rveys are being conducted in 17 major labor m arkets during la te 1956 and early 1 9 5 7 .
B u lle tin s for the fo l­
lowing a re a s are now a v a ila b le and may be p u rchased from the Superintendent of D ocu m ents, Government P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington 25, D. C .,
or from any of the reg io n al s a le s o ffic e s lis te d below . A s additional b u lle tin s becom e a v a ila b le , they w ill be lis te d in su b seq u en t is s u e s .




B L S B u lle tin
Number

L a b o r Market

Survey P erio d

S e a ttle , Wash.
B u ffa lo , N. Y .
C le v e la n d , Ohio
B o s to n , M ass.
D a lla s , T e x .
K a n s a s C ity , Mo.
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .
San F ra n c is c o -O a k la n d ,
C a lif.
P ittsb u rg h , P a .
Birm ingham , A la.
L o s A n g eles-L o n g B e a c h , C a lif.
P ortlan d , Oreg.
Memphis, T e n n .

August 1956
Septem ber 1956
O ctob er 1956
Septem ber 1956
O ctob er 1956
D ecem ber 1956
November 1956

1202-1
1 2 02-2
1202-3
1 2 0 2 -4
12 0 2 -5
1 2 0 2 -6
1 2 0 2 -7

25
25
25
25
25
25
25

c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts

Janu ary 1957
D ecem ber 1956
Jan u ary 1957
March 1 957
A pril 1 957
F ebru ary 1957

1 2 02-8
1 2 0 2 -9
1 2 0 2 -1 0
1 2 0 2 -1 1
12 0 2 -1 2
1 2 0 2 -1 3

25
25
20
25
25
20

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts

P r ic e

Regional Sales Offices

U. S. Department of L abor
Bureau of L abor Statistics
18 O liver Street
Boston 10, Mass,

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
50 Seventh Street, N. E.
Atlanta 23, Ga.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
105 West Adams Street
C hicago 3, 1 1.
1

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of L abor Statistics
341 Ninth Avenue
N ew York 1, N . Y .

U . S. Department of Labor
Bureau of L ab o r Statistics
630 Sansome Street
San F ran cisco 11, C alif.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102