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Occupational Wage Survey

Bulletin No. 1202-14

UN ITED STA TES D EPA RTM EN T O F LABO R
James P. M itchell, Secretary




B U R E A U O F LA B O R S TA TIS TIC S
Ew a n Clagua, CommisMonar




Occupational Wage Survey
MINNEAPOLIS-ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA




MARCH 1957

Bulletin No. 1202-14
UN ITED STA TES D EPA RTM EN T OF LA BO R
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
June 1957

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 20 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Community Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regu larly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fa ll to ea rly spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A prelim in ary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the e a rlie r report.
A consolidated
analytical bulletin summarizing the results of a ll of the
y e a r ’ s surveys is issued after completion of the final area
bulletin for the current round of surveys.

1
2

Tables:
1;
2:

A:

Establishments and w orkers within scope of s u r v e y ___________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selected periods ____________________
Occupational earnings * A - 1: O ffice occupations ________________________________________
A -2 : Professional and technical occupations _________________
A - 3: Maintenance and powerplant occu pation s_________________
A -4 : Custodial and m aterial movement occupations __________

Appendix:

Job descriptions

* NO TE: Sim ilar tabulations are available in the Minneapolis St. Paul area reports for Novem ber in 1951, 1952, 1953, and
1954 and for December 1955.
Most of the reports also include
data on shift differen tial provision s; minimum entrance rates
for women cT ic e w orkers; scheduled weekly hours; paid h o li­
days; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans.
The 1953 report also includes wage structure ch aracteristics,
labor-managem ent agreem ents, and overtim e pay provisions;
the 1954 report, frequency of wage payments and pay provisions
for holidays falling on nonworkdays.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay lev e ls , a re ava ila ­
ble for the following trades or industries: Building construction,
printing, local-tran sit operating em ployees, and m otortruck
d riv e rs .

1
2

oO vO t'— 00




In trodu ction ______________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups __________________________

10




Occupational Wage Survey - Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.
Introduction

•a c cu ra c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a te r p r o p o r tio n of la r g e th an of s m a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts i s stu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta , h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts
a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t. E s tim a te s b a se d on th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , th e r e fo r e , a s r e la tin g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e in ­
d u str y g ro u p in g and a r e a , e x c e p t fo r th o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s iz e stu d ie d .
O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty of m a n u ­
fa c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . O cc u p a tio n a l c la s s if ic a t io n is
b a s e d on a u n ifo rm se t of job d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t of in t e r ­
e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n in d u tie s w ith in th e sa m e job ( s e e a p p en d ix fo r lis tin g
of th e s e d e s c r ip tio n s ). E a r n in g s d ata a r e p r e s e n te d (in th e A - s e r i e s ta b le s )
fo r th e fo llo w in g ty p e s of o c c u p a tio n s: (a) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l
and te c h n ic a l; (c ) m a in te n a n c e and p o w er p la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l
m o v e m e n t.

T h e M in n e a p o lis -S t. P a u l a r e a i s on e of s e v e r a l im p o r ta n t in d u str ia l
c e n te r s in w h ic h th e D e p a r tm e n t of L a b o r* s B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta t is t ic s c o n ­
d u c ts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la te d w a g e b e n e fits . A lth o u g h
data a r e n o r m a lly o b ta in ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s of B u r e a u fie ld a g e n ts to r e p ­
r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts , d ata in th is r e p o r t w e r e o b ta in ed c h ie fly by
te le p h o n e . C u r r e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s in fo r m a tio n w a s
p r o v id e d by th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts v is ite d in D e c e m b e r 1955, fo r o c c u p a tio n s
r e p o r te d in th a t e a r lie r stu d y . C u r r e n t in fo r m a tio n on r e la te d w a g e b e n e fits
w a s not c o lle c te d . 1
In e a c h a r e a , d ata a r e o b ta in ed fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u str y d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g ; tr a n sp o r ta tio n (e x clu d in g
r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il
tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in d u str y
g r o u p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th e s e s tu d ie s , b e s id e s r a ilr o a d s , a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p ­
e r a tio n s and the c o n str u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v ­
in g fe w e r th an a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er of w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d a ls o b e c a u s e th e y
fu r n ish in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r r a n t in c lu ­
s io n . 2 W h e r e v e r p o s s ib le , s e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d fo r e a c h of th e
b r o a d in d u str y d iv is io n s .

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d ata a r e sh ow n fo r fu ll- t im e
w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sc h e d u le in th e g iv e n
o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s if ic a t io n . E a r n in g s data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p ay fo r o v e r tim e
and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . N o n p r o d u ctio n b o n u s e s
a r e e x c lu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f - liv in g b o n u s e s and in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in ­
c lu d e d . W h ere w e e k ly h o u r s a r e r e p o r te d , a s fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l o c c u p a tio n s ,
r e fe r e n c e is to th e w o rk s c h e d u le s (rounded to th e n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w h ic h
s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s a r e p aid ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s fo r th e s e o c c u p a ­
tio n s h a v e b e e n rou n d ed to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h e se s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of th e u n n e c ­
e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su r v e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T o o b ta in a p p r o p r ia te
* T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in th e B ureau* s r e g io n a l o ffic e in C h ic a g o ,
111. , by W oodrow C . L in n , u n der the d ir e c tio n o f G eo r g e E . V o ta v a , R e g io n a l
W age and In d u str ia l R e la tio n s A n a ly s t.
1 D ata fo r D e c e m b e r 1955 a r e a v a ila b le in B u ll. 1 1 8 8 -8 , O cc u p a tio n a l
W age S u r v e y , M in n e a p o lis -S t. P a u l, M in n . , fo r sc h e d u le d h o u r s; sh ift d if­
fe r e n tia ls ; m in im u m e n tr a n c e r a te fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s ; h o lid a y and
v a c a tio n p a y p r o v is io n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s.
2 S ee ta b le 1 fo r m in im u m -s iz e e sta b lis h m e n t c o v e r e d .
T a b le

1:

In d u s try

A ll d iv is io n s

. ....

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e ot s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r

d iv is io n

h iin im u m s iz e
e s t a b lis h ­
m ent
in s c o p e o f
s tu d y 2

_____

s t u d i e d in M i n n e a p o l i s - S t .

P a u l,

M in n . , 1 b y m a jo r in d u s t r y d iv is i o n ,

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W it h in
scope of
stu d y

Decem ber

1 9 55

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W it h in s c o p e o f stu d y

S t u d ie d

S t u d ie d
T o ta l 3

O ffic e

P la n t

T o tal 3

51

an d r e a l esta te

234

2 2 7 ,3 0 0

4 6 ,6 0 0

1 4 0 ,9 0 0

1 3 8 ,9 5 0

395
55 5

86
148

1 1 3 ,2 0 0
1 1 4 ,1 0 0

1 6 ,2 0 0
3 0 ,4 0 0

7 7 ,2 0 0
6 3 ,7 0 0

6 9 ,4 8 0
6 9 ,4 7 0

51
51
51
51
51

T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4
W h o le s a le t r a d e
..
____
R e t a il tr a d e

950

51
51

M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e ,
S e rv ic e s 6

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a te s r e p r e s e n t th e to ta l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in th e sc o p e of th e stu d y and not th e n u m b er a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l str u c tu r e a m o n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts , th e
e s t im a te s of o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in ed fr o m th e s a m p le of e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te th e r e la tiv e im p o r ta n c e o f th e jo b s
stu d ie d . T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l str u c tu r e do not m a te r ia lly a f ­
fe c t th e a c c u r a c y of th e e a r n in g s d a ta .

65
127
197
86
80

23
37
40

2 5 ,8 0 0
1 7 ,1 0 0
4 2 ,1 0 0
1 8 ,4 0 0
1 0 ,7 0 0

4 ,5 0 0
5 ,9 0 0
5 ,5 0 0
1 3 ,3 0 0

1 6 ,4 0 0
6 ,8 0 0
3 2 ,0 0 0
1 ,2 0 0

2 0 ,3 1 0
8 ,2 0 0
2 5 ,8 9 0
1 1 ,9 7 0
3, 100

29
19

5

( 7)

( 7)

T h e M in n e a p o lis -S t . P a u l M e t r o p o lit a n A r e a
(A n o k a , D a k o ta ,
H e n n e p in , a n d R a m s e y C o u n t ie s ).
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s
s h o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e
d e s c r i p t io n o f th e
s iz e
a n d c o m p o s i t io n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d m th e s u r v e y .
The
e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s
a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a
c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a
e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s to
m e a su re
e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s
o r le v e ls
s in c e
( l ) p la n n i n g o f w a g e
su rveys
r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f‘ e s t a b l i s h m e n t
'
d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y p e r i o d s t u d ie d a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b li s h m e n t s
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
and

I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b li s h m e n t s w it h to t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r
m o t i o n -p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4
5
7

above

th e

m in im u m -s iz e

In c lu d e s e x e c u tiv e , te c h n ic a l, p r o fe s s io n a l, an d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d
A l s o e x c l u d e s t a x i c a b s , a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n .
E s t i m a t e r e l a t e s to r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o n l y .

fro m

th e

lim it a tio n .

se p a ra te

o ffic e

A ll
and

o u t le t s
p la n t

(w it h in

th e

area)

of

com pani

in

su ch

in d u s t rie s

as

trad e,

fin a n c e ,

a u to

re p a ir s e rv ic e ,

c a t e g o rie s .

S t e l S ’ JP e r S O n f l s e r v i c e s » b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s ; r a d i o b r o a d c a s t i n g a n d t e l e v i s i o n ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g i n e e r i n g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s
T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a l t h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t t o j u s t i f y s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a




(i)

2

Wage TreadsJar Sjeleclexl Oxcugalional Groups

T he ta b le b e lo w p r e s e n ts in d e x e s of s a la r ie s of o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k ­
e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , and o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s of s e le c te d p lan t w o r k ­
e r g r o u p s.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , th e in d e x e s r e ­
la te to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r n o r m a l h o u rs of v/ork , th at is , th e sta n d ­
a r d w ork sc h e d u le fo r w h ich s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s a r e p aid . F o r plant
w o r k e r g r o u p s, th e y m e a su r e c h a n g es in s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s, e x ­
clu d in g p r e m iu m pay for o v e r tim e and for w ork on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts . T he in d e x e s a r e b a se d on data fo r s e le c te d k e y o c c u p a tio n s and
in c lu d e m o st of the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ith in e a ch grou p . T he o ffic e
c le r ic a l data a r e b a se d on w om en in the fo llo w in g 18 job s: B ille r s , m a c h in e
(b illin g m a c h in e ); b o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s , c la s s A and B; C o m p ­
to m e te r o p e r a to r s; c le r k s , f ile , c la s s A and B; c le r k s , o r d e r; c le r k s ,
p a y r o ll; k e y -p u n c h o p e r a to r s; o ffic e g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; ste n o g r a p h e r s, g e n ­
e r a l; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a to r s; sw itc h b o a rd o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts ; ta b u la tin g m a c h in e o p e r a to r s; tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s , g e n e r a l; and ty p is ts ,
c la s s A and B . T he in d u str ia l n u r se data a r e b a sed on w om en in d u str ia l
n u r s e s . M en in th e fo llo w in g 10 sk ille d m a in te n a n ce jo b s and 3 u n sk illed
jo b s w e r e in clu d ed in the plan t w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n te r s; e le c t r ic ­
ia n s; m a c h in ists; m e c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; m illw r ig h ts; p a in ter s;
p ip e fitte r s; s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s; and to o l and d ie m a k e r s; u n sk ille d — ja n i­
to r s , p o r te r s , and c le a n e r s ; la b o r e r s , m a te r ia l h an dling; and w a tch m en .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s or a v e r a g e h o u rly e a r n in g s w e r e com p u ted
fo r e a ch of th e s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s. T he a v e r a g e s a la r ie s or h o u rly e a r n ­
in g s w e r e th en m u ltip lie d by the a v e r a g e of N o v e m b e r 1952 and N o v e m b e r 1953
T a b le 2:

.e m p lo y m e n t in the jo b . T h e se w e ig h te d e a r n in g s fo r in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n s
w e r e th en to ta le d to ob tain an a g g r e g a te fo r e a ch o ccu p a tio n a l grou p . F in a lly
th e ra tio of th e s e group a g g r e g a te s fo r a g iv en y e a r to th e a g g r e g a te fo r the
b a se p e r io d (su r v e y m on th , w in te r 1 9 5 2 -5 3 ) w a s com p u ted and the r e su lt
m u ltip lie d by the b a se y e a r in d ex (lO O )to get th e in d ex fo r th e g iv en y e a r .
T he in d e x e s m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c ts of ( l ) g e n e r a l sa la r y
and w age ch a n g es; (2) m e r it or o th e r in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in d iv id u a l
w o r k e r s w h ile in th e sa m e job; and (3) c h a n g es in th e la b o r fo r c e su ch a s
la b o r tu r n o v e r , fo r c e e x p a n sio n s, fo r c e r e d u c tio n s, and c h a n g es in the p r o ­
p o r tio n of w o r k e r s e m p lo y ed by e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay l e v e ls .
C h a n g es in th e la b o r fo r c e can c a u se in c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a ­
tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a c tu a l w age c h a n g e s. F o r e x a m p le , a fo r c e e x p a n sio n
m ig h t in c r e a s e the p r o p o rtio n of lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o ccu p a tio n
and r e s u lt in a drop in th e a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a red u c tio n in the p r o p o rtio n of
lo w e r paid w o r k e r s w ou ld have th e o p p o site e ffe c t. T he m o v e m en t of a h ig h p ayin g e sta b lish m e n t out of an a r e a cou ld c a u se th e a v e r a g e e a r n in g s to d rop ,
e v en thou gh no ch an ge in r a te s o c c u r r e d in o th er a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
The u se of c o n sta n t e m p lo y m en t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s th e e ffe c ts of
c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o rtio n of w o r k e r s r e p r e se n te d in e a ch job in clu d ed in the
d a ta . N or a r e the in d e x e s in flu e n c ed by c h a n g es in stan d ard w ork sc h e d u le s
or in p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e , sin c e th e y a r e b a se d on pay fo r str a ig h ttim e h o u r s.
In d e x es fo r the p e r io d 1953 to 1956 for w o r k e r s in 15 m a jo r la b o r
m a r k e ts a p p ea re d in B L S B u ll. 1188, W ages and R e la ted B e n e fits , 17 N abor
M a r k e ts, 1 9 5 5 -5 6 .

In de x e s of st a n d a rd w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t u n e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f or s e le c t e d oc c up a tio n a l g r o u p s in M i n n e a p o l i s - S t . P a u l , Mi n n . ,
D e c e m b e r 1955 and M a r c h 1957, and p e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e fo r se le c t e d p e r i o d s
Indexes
( N o v e m b e r 1952=100)

In du st ry and occ up a tio n a l g ro u p
M a r c h 1957

A i l i n d u s tr ie s :
Of f ic e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n )
In d u st ri a l n u r s e s ( w o m e n )
S ki ll ed ma in te na n c e (m e n )
U n s k i l l e d plant (m e n )
M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n )
In d u st ri a l n u r s e s ( w o m e n )
Sk ill ed ma in te na n c e (m e n )
U n s k i l l e d plant (m e n )




_______

_______

D e c e m b e r 1955

P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s f r o m ---D e c e m b e r 1955
to
M a r c h 1957

121.3
124.4
121.7
125. 1

114. 1
118.1
115.5
117.1

6. 3

119.3
123.4
119.7
121.7

113.3
117.2
113.9
115.5

5. 3
5. 3
5. 1
5 .4

5. 3
5. 3

6.8

N o v e m b e r 1954
to
D e c e m b e r 1955

N o v e m b e r 1953
to
N o v e m b e r 1954

N o v e m b e r 1952
to
N o v e m b e r 1953

3.8
3 .4
4 .9
4 .9

3. 3
4. 3
3.3
4.9,

6 .3
9.4

3 .4

3.6
5.0
1 .4
4 .8

2.0
5. 4
4 .2

N o v e m b e r 1951
to
N o v e m b e r 1952

N o v em b er l9 5 l
to
M a r c h 1957

6.7
5.8
7.9

6 .4

8.1

29. 5
31.7
31.3
35.2

5.8
9 .4
6.7
5.8

9.1
5.8
9 .4
7.2

30. 1
30.6
31.0
30.5

6.6

A: Occupational Earnings
3

Table A-l: Office Occupations
(A v e ra g e

s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
in M i n n e a p o l i s - S t . P a u l , M i n n . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M a r c h 1 9 5 7 )
N U M B E R OF WORKERS RE CE IVIN G STRAIGH T-TIM E W E E K L Y E AR NING S OF—

A verage
Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

Number
of
workers

a n d in d u s t ry d iv is io n

Weekly j
hours
(Standard)

Weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

Under
4 0 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

$
5 0 . 00

$
5

00

$
6 0 . 00

$
6 5 . 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
8 0 . 00

$
8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

$
9 5 .0 0

$
1 0 0 .0 0

$
1 0 5 .0 0

$
1 1 0 .0 0

$
1 1 5 .0 0

$
1 2 0 .0 0

5 0 . 00

4 0 . 00
and
under
4 5 . 00

5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

and
over

M en

C le r k s ,

a c c o u n tin g ,

M a n u fa c tu rin g

c l a s s A ____________________________________
_____________________________________________________

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e
_____________________________________________
C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________ ________________________________
C l e r k s , o r d e r ______________________________________________________
_
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________ ___________________________________
O ffic e

hoys

...

...

.

.........................

.. .
.

_

_

_

_

7

30

58

-

-

-

-

4
3
"

19
11
10

22
36
15

_

_

30
10
20

47
27
20

107
41

39. 5

6 5 .5 0
6 7 .0 0
6 4 . 50

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

15

8 1 .0 0
8 0 . 00

29
1
28
28

40. 0

276
362
126

39. 5
40. 0

328
117

39. 5
40. 0

21 1
448
121
32 7
255

$
8 4 . 50
8 2 .0 0
8 6 . 50
8 0 . 50

638

39. 5

8 2 . 00
8 4 . 00

-

-

-

-

10
1

-

-

9

39

45
---------5 ~

32
17
15
3

98

124

80

75

57

30

24

46
52
25

63
61
23

29
51

19
38
5

6
24
1

10
1

10
-

19
1

9

10

29

44
31
14

-

-

-

43
13
30

32
13
19

9
1
8

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

29
5
24
23

41
14
27

47
8

105

74
18

51
l6
35
23

24
14

6
4

7
4
3

-

3
-

“

-

3
3

4
2
2

2
-

1
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

-

"

-

-

54
15

27
13
14

61
33
28

2
1
1

_

.

3
3
-

-

13

21

66

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
2
3

-

-

*

-

_

64
18
46

61

41
10
31

11

19
42

2
-

1
-

8
-

2
1

1

8

48
5
43

1

7

37

14
14
1
10

45
45
6
15

59
59
10
21

19
19
1
9

14

29
4
8

5
5

13
13

29
29

23
23

8
8

11
11

2
2

_

2

8

19

36

17

43

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________ ____________________

188
51
137

39. 5
40. 0

4 8 . 50
4 7 .0 0

39. 5

4 9 . 50

-

T a b u i a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s __________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________
__________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________
F i n a n c e ______________________________________________________

39 2
142
250
177

39 . 5
40. 0
3 9 .0
38 . 5

7 4 . 00
7 7 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

_
-

B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________ _____ ________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
____________________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e __________________________________________________

204
192
41
64

39.
39.
40.
40.

5
5
0
0

5 5 . 50
5 5 . 00
6 3 .0 0
5 1 .5 0

-

B - i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e ) _________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________

101
101

39. 5
39. 5

5 8 . 50
5 8 . 50

_

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,

148

39. 0

6 6 . 50

_

5 5 . 50
6 6 . 50
5 3 . 50
5 7 . 00
5 7 .5 0
5 0 . 50

_
-

7 1 . 50

.

.

7 1 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

-

-

55.
58.
55.
60.

3
-

-

"

9
6
6

2
9

39
37

12
7
5

5

-

3
1
2

39
27
_

-

4
-

-

4

61
33
28

36
11
25

16

13

12
6

12
12
10

4
4
4

_

_

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

_

-

22

19
86
66

~

"

"

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

6
6

-

_

_

-

22

1

.

_

-

_

-

-

-

8
5
3
-

_

_

_

.

_

_

-

13
5
8
8

_
-

-

-

-

-

55
rs
39
21

56
48

22
10

10
7

12
2
10
4

•-

2
2

-

-

"

"

-

-

W om en

c l a s s A _________________

923

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________ _ ________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
-------- -------------------------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ___________ _________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e __ ____________________________________
________
F in a n c e
______________________________________________________

657
150
121
35 7

C le r k s ,

598

a c c o u n tin g ,

c la s s A

_________________
_______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________
F i n a n c e * * _____________________________________
______________

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ________________________
______
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________ __________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
________________________ __________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _____________________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______________________________________________
R e t a il tra d e
___________________________________________________

S e e fo o tn o te a t e n d o f t a b le .
*
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
* * F in a n c e ,




in s u ra n c e ,

and re a l e sta te .

266

39.
40.
39.
39.
40.

5
0
5
5
0

39. 0

86

39. 5
40. 0

512
119

39. 5
38. 5

1 ,9 5 6
352
1, 6 0 4
378
21 3
441

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
40.

5
5
5
0
0
0

50
00
00
50

5 6 .5 0
5 3 . 00

_

-

174

78
78
7
5
66

2

1

159
4

I
;

29
126

!
1
—

i
_

21
-

55
--------6

i

i

21
6

49
6

433
81

345
77
268
63
60
58

15

-

101
5
96
-

53 2
56
476
70
44
121

16
56

225
84
141
68

209
42
167
33
21
94

-

3
-

36

35 2
78
32
107

19
47

9
5
1

1
1
-

-

110
55
55
25
25
5

66
43
23
6
2
14

40
17
23
7
12
2

3

114

129
14
115
33

123

36

34

34

31

13
110
17

11
25
15

6
28
9

6
28

104
31
73
40
17
14

35
12
23
17
-

26
26
26
-

24
90
29

225
70
155
26
25
43

143
19
124
58
19
32

a n d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

_

-

"

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

15
-

-

1

-

5

1
-

26

1

15

-

1
-

-

3
3

"

4

■

_

~

“

“

8
8
8

_

1
1
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u rv e y ,
c o m m u n ic a t io n ,

_

-

-

M i n n e a p o l i s - S t . P a u l , M i n n . , M a r c h 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s

4

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e ra g e

s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
in M i n n e a p o l i s - S t . P a u l , M i n n . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M a r c h 1 9 5 7 )
A verage

Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

a n d in d u s t ry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
(Standard)

N U M B E R OF W ORKERS R E C EIV IN G STR AIG HT-TIM E W E E K LY EA R NIN G S OF—

Under
Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard) $
4 0 . 00

$
4 0 . 00
and
under
4 5 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

$
50 . 00

$
5 5 . 00

$
6 0 . 00

$
6 5 . 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
8 0 . 00

$
8 5 . 00

$
9 0 . 00

5 0 . 00

5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

-

-

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

$
9 5 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0

$
1 0 0 .0 0
-

$
1 0 5 .0 0
-

1 0 5 .0 0

$
1 1 0 .0 0
-

1 1 0 .0 0

$
1 1 5 .0 0
-

1 1 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

$
1 2 0 .0 0
and
over

W o m e n - C o n t in u e d

C le r k s ,

file ,

c la s s A

M a n u fa c tu rin g

..

____ ____
_ . _ . .. _
_ ............

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________________________

182
88
94

39. 5

$
5 8 . 50
5 6 . 50
6 0 . 50

1, 34 7

3 9 .5

4 7 . 50

17

32 7
1, 0 2 0
63
164
170

3 9 .5

4 8 . 00
4 7 .5 0
5 0 . 50
5 2 . 50
4 7 .0 0
4 6 . 50

5

495
C l e r k s , o r d e r __________________________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g _ _
............
_ . .. ... _ ....
.. _
__________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
R e t a i l t r a d e ___________________________________________________
C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ______________________________ ____________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g
..
_ _
_ _

268
73
195
109

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

39.
40.
40.
40.

5
0
0
0

39. 0

_
4
8

484

494

175

113
371
14

103

58
117

32
64
188

39 1
19
26
72
222

39. 5
39. 5
39. 0

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s (m im e o g r a p h
o r d i t t o ) ________________________________ _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________

91
53

40. 0
40. 0

K e y - p u n c h o p e r a t o r s _______________ ________________________________
.... .............. _ .. .
.
M a n u fa c tu rin g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
______ __________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * __________________________________________
F i n a n c e * * _____________________________________________________

827
234
593

39. 5
40. 0

O f f i c e g i r l s _____________________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________
F in a n c e * *
_________________________________________________

373
7 <>
■
297
180

_

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

3

I
7

51
5
34
2
10

3
2

125

104
73
31
5
3
5

52
25
27

183
54

126
37

45

20

129
65
30

89
64
14

98
31
67
28
14

19
26
17
7

9
11
2
6

_

_

_

_

.

.

-

_

_

_

-

-

.

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_
_

_

20

12
15

9
11

9

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

"

-

“

-

"

"

"

44

13
4

5
5
2
3

-

_

_

-

2
2
1
1

-

9
2
7

19
1
18
1
6
11

-

15
29
6
13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
1
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

-

9
12
2

12
3

50
4
46
3
41

-

-

14
14
-

-

12

115
15
100
10
38

5 6 .5 0
5 7 . 00

-

9
-------- 5

26
16

18

5
3

14
6

3
3

9
3

3
3

-

4
4

-

9

_
_

55

133
56
77
16
36

11
6
5
1

_
_

1
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

29
8

25
13
12
4

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5 0 . 50

175
55
120
16
73

47
18

39. 0

23 7
35
202
18
136

143

39. 5
40. 0

5 4 . 50
5 7 .5 0
5 3 .5 0
5 7 . 00

9

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

39. 0
3 9 .5

4 5 . 00
4 6 . 00
4 4 . 50

128
45
83

27
5

5
1
4

3
3

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

“

"

“

“

"

390
224
166
14
43
31

296
157

213
75
138
10
45
26

90
56
34
14
8

88

36

44
44

3

14
7
3

22
14
7

60

54

9

20

39. 0
39. 5

2, 206
1, 0 0 5
1, 20 1
156

39. 5
40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0

269
217

39. 5
40. 0

376

3 9 .0

4 3 .5 0

7 2 .0 0
7 3 . 50
7 1 . 00
7 4 . 00
7 3 . 50
6 9 . 00
7 2 . 00

-

2
53
50

11
-

195
23

11
4

172
126

-

See footnote at end of table.
* Tran sp ortation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public utilities
** Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.

-

49

8
8
2
1

187
33"
154
50
36

79
46
7
8
27

_

3

3

91
53
38
3
7
14

3
-

-

-

3

86

-

5 9 . 50
6 l . 00
5 9 . 00
6 0 . 00
6 1 .0 0

-

8

32
54
7
4
24

6 3 . 00
6 3 . 00
6 3 . 50
6 4 . 50
7 1 .0 0
6 0 . 50

39. 5
40. 0

3

54

45
11
34
7
2
14

36

1
2

25

4

1
1
_

1
10

23

-

39. 5
39. 5

19
16

4

-

.

4
-

2
2

29
11
18

33
16
17
5

4 9 . 50

3
-

112
41
71
11

11

29
18
11

60
27
33
21

32
32

_

42

8
23

42
---------6
36
24

36
36

39. 5
40. 0

12
50
10

3i

27

-

845
202
643
240
204




46
28
18

5 7 . 50

C om p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________________________________
R e t a il tr a d e
_________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

12

24
18
6

6 2 . 00
5 5 . 50

40. 0
40. 0

F in a n c e * *

1
2

39. 5

589
29 3
29 6
48
66
102

S e c r e t a r i e s __________________________________
_______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ____________________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e
____________________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e
__________________________________________________

3

_

39. 0
40. 0
40. 0

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ____________________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________________________________
R e t a il tr a d e
_________________________________________________

69
328

_

22
1

49
94
5
24

61
-------55
11
6
4

165
56

321
142

109
22
18
15

179
32
30
43

487
195
292
12
61
68

8

37

57

84

139
11
38
21
41

3
1

3

"
23
13
10

4
4
-

'

"

'

7
1
6
3

9
7

9

4

3

2
2
-

5
3
-

-

3
-

2

3

5

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e ra g e

s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
in M i n n e a p o l i s - S t . P a u l , M i n n . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M a r c h 1 9 5 7 )
Average

Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

Number
of
workers

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N U M B E R OF W ORKERS R E C EIV IN G STR AIG HT-TIM E W E E K L Y EA R NIN G S OF—

Weekly
Weekly
Under
hours 1 earnings 1
(Standard) (Standard)
4 0 . 00

$
4 0 . 00
and
under
4 5 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

$

50 . 00

$
5 5 . 00

$
6 0 . 00

$
6 5 . 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
8 0 . 00

$
8 5 . 00

*9 0 . 00

9 5 .0 0

$
1 0 0 .0 0

$
1 0 5 .0 0

$
1 1 0 .0 0

$
1 1 5 .0 0

5 0 . 00

5 5 . 00

60.

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

170

546
162
38 4
57

50 3
255
248
37

315
ro s

117

100
31

72

14

26

209
63

69
37

46
25

TTH
6
5

69
45
87

60
38
44

31
-

17
_

19
_

1
_

10

12

2

56
24
32
11
6
11

49
18
31

18

21
10
11
6
_

9
-

39
54
16

106
55
51
20

45
15
30

00

$

$
1 2 0 .0 0
and
over

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ____________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g
____________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_____________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _____________________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __________________________ ____________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ____________________________________________________
F in a n c e **
.....
.... .
........................................

2 ,4 0 7

299
24 1

39. 5
40. 0

459

39. 0

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s
.
..
____ _ ...................
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _____________________________________________

383
105
278

40. 5
40. 0
4 1 .0
40. 0

R e t a il tr a d e
__________ ___________________________________
F i n a n c e * * ........
. ............. ............. .
_ ...................
S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s
M a n u fa c tu rin g

.. _

_

. ...

....

...
.

......

.....

912
1 ,4 9 5
306

42
62
52
564

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0

40. 0
38. 5
39. 5
39. 5

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________________________________

189
375
104

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_____________________________________________
F i n a n c e * * ______________________________________________________

162
122
80

39. 5
39. 5
39. 0

T r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l ____
________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________________________

716

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_____________________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________________________________
F i n a n c e * * ________________ ______ _______________________________

196
520
172
189

T y p i s t s , c l a s s A ________________________ ^_____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_____________________________________________
F i n a n c e * * ______________________________________________________

714
37 3
341
108

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B ______________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
____________________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ____________________________________________________
F i n a n c e * * ______________________________________________________

2, 5 8 3
8?T8
1, 7 1 5
96
332
152
804

39. 0
39. 5

39. 0
39. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
39. 5
39.
39.
39.
40.

5
5
5
0

39. 5
40. 0
38. 5

_

6 0 . 50
6 1 .0 0
6 0 . 00
6 6 . 00

-

6 4 . 00
5 7 . 00
5 7 . 00

19
19
-

42
128
11
8

309
35

45
54

49
71

89

129

74

71

19
55
2
7

49
4
11

1
16

32
70

5
-

9
-

5
-

9
-

69
1
68
-

6 0 . 00

-

2

6

15

5 5 . 50

20
-

87
25

160
45

93

62

-

23
23
7

29

115
16

1
1
1

10
10
10

11
11
11

17
14
8

20
14

41
33

25
17

9

21

5 8 . 50
“6 2 . 5 0
5 7 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
5 3 . 00

5 7 . 50
5 4 . 50
5 5 . 50
6 2 .5 0
T o7 5 F ~ ~
5 8 . 00

1

20

7

21
6

22

5 6 .0 0
5 5 .0 0

..

33

-

21
12
3

102
28
74
17

252
56
196
52

133
35

5 6 .0 0
5 7 . 00

98
50

116
35
81
24

9

54

52

28

22

3
3
-

99
28
71
28

255
131
124
57

182
133

1155
318
83 7
8
73
73
407

618
31 6
302
22
70

273
103
170
34
66

19
182

49

5 5 . 00
5 6 . 00
5 6 . 00
5 6 .0 0
5 3 . 00
5 0 . 50
5 2 . 00
4 9 .5 0
5 8 . 50
5 4 . 00
4 7 . 00
4 8 . 50

_
-

-

3
3
-

3

294
25
26 9
43
48
147

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
*
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
* * F in a n c e , in su ra n c e , and re a l esta te .




53 9
230

49

16

9

9
10
4

46
71
30

9
9
1
-

9
9
_

2
2
_
_

.
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

1
1
_

1
1
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_

_

5

-

-

-

-

3
-

5
2
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

-

-

16
8
6

9
7
3

10
5

2
2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

9

3
3

_

-

"
_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

100
52
48
4

48
24
24

16
2
14

7
7

-

-

108

103
65
38
18
18
-

29

-

_

27
4
16
-

-

-

2

7

-

4
4

s a l a r i e s a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .

_

-

-

1

2

-

-

20
4

3

-

-

20
-

4
3

_

"

-

8
4

10
46
3
7

2
2
_
_

3

52
17

39

6
4

22
8
14
4

35
19
11

69

4
4
4
_
_

_

-

"

6
T a b le A - 2 : P ro fe s s io n a l a n d T e c h n ic a l O c c u p a tio n s
(A v e ra g e straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a re a b asis
in M in n eapolis-St. Paul, Minn. , by industry division, M arch 1957)
A verage
Number
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NU M B E R OF WORKERS R E CE IVIN G STRAIGH T-TIM E W E E K L Y E AR NING S OF—
$

Weekly
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

Under
50.00

50.00
and
under
55.00

$
55.00

$

$

60.00

65.00

70.00

1$
; 75.00

$
80.00

$
85.00

$
90.00

$
$
95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0

60.Q
Q

65.00

70.00

75.00

i

80.00

85.00

90.00

95.00

1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0

$

$

$

105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0

$

$

115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0

115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0

$

$

125.00 130.00
and

125.00 130.00

over

1

Men
I

$

D raftsm en, senior __________________________________________
M anufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
___

570
492
78

D raftsm en, junior
_
__ __ ____
Manufacturing ________________________________________

T ra c e rs
Manufacturing

_

. . .

__

..

40.0

101.50
101.50
1 0 0 .0 0

519
480

39.5
39.5

77.00
76.00

“

165
134

40.0
40.0

63.00
58.50

225
25

122
98

40.0
40.0

79.00
79.00

40.0
" ''3 9 7 5 - ;

-

-

“

-

1

13
7
6

11
10
1

43
34
9

47
46
1

94
77
17

- ” 55-----

“

41
33

1
-

"

10
10

12
12

84
84

111
109

59
59

67
56

63
62

16
11

29
27

51
51

24
24

2
2

15
8

13
1

4
"

7
0 1

10
10

3

8
8

24
1$

39
31

17
14

20
17

------ 8-----

61
6

_

80
—

7

28
■ 23---“

.
“

78
3

41
27
14

7
3

4
3

.
_

“

T5 —

27
9

46
44
2

.

.

— rs—

9
6
3

—

~

_

-

1

19

—FT

~

ir
j —

.

_

“

"

.

_

_

“

Women

N u rs e s , industrial (re g iste re d )
Manufacturing

1
2

__________________________

10

1
1

.

.

Standard hours reflect the w orkw eek for which em ployees receive their re g u la r straight-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings correspon d to these weekly hours.
W o rk ers w ere distributed as follow s: 19 at $40 to $45; 6 at $45 to $50.




Occupational W age Survey, M inneapolis-St. P au l, Minn. , M arch 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B ureau of L ab o r Statistics

7
T a b le

A -3:

M a in te n a n c e a n d P o w e rp la n t O c c u p a tio n s

(A v erage hourly earnings fo r men in selected occupations studied on an a re a b asis
in M inneapolis-St. Pau l, Minn. , by industry division, M arch 1957)
N U M B E R OF WORKEBS R E CE IVIN G STRAIGH T-TIM E H OURLY E AR NING S OF—

Occupation and industry division

Num
ber
of

Average
hourly
earnings 1 Under
$
1.60

C arpen ters, maintenance _
.. ..
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing

224
119
105

$
2. 58
2. 56
2 .61

E lectrician s, maintenance _______________________
M anufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________

373
293
80

2 .6 6
2.62
2. 78

-

E n gin eers, s ta tio n a ry ____________________________
Manufacturing
........ .... _ .........
Nonmanufacturing
___________________________

522

_
-

256

2.43
2.42
2.43

Firem en , stationary b o i l e r __________________ „
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing .. ___
... . .

421
219
202

2 . 18
2 .2 1
2. 15

H elpers, trades, maintenance
M anufacturing
...

404
317

M achine-tool operators, toolroom _
M anufacturing .............. ............. .
M achinists, maintenance
Manufacturing . . . . .

$

1 . 60
and
under
1. 70

_

-

$
1.70

1.80

1.80

1.90

_

-

$

.

$

1.90

$
2 . 00

$
2 . 10

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 . 20

2. 30

26
16
10

28
13
15

.

$

2 . 20

$

2. 30

$

2.40

$

$
2. 50

2 . 60

2. 50

2 . 60

2. 70

9
3
6

42
41
1

2
2
~

9
4
5

2.40

$

2. 70

$

2 . 80

$
2. 90

$

3. 00

3. 10

$
3.20

3.20

and
over

$

2.90

3. 00

-

5
4
1

1
1

82
31
51

4
3
1

2 . 80

3. 10

16
2
14

-

-

-

2
2

5
5
-

44
40
4

17
13
4

57
48
9

65
65
-

39
39
-

24
14
10

42
15
27

12
3
9

4
2
2

59
47
12

3
2
1

1
1

2
2

27
19
8

21
13
8

36
17
19

77
61
16

78
24
54

125
28
97

67
57
10

25
5
20

10
5
5

8
6
2

27
26
1

_
-

_
-

18
5
13

14
6
8

23
16
7

46
23
23

46
30
16

40
14
26

39
29
10

79
20
59

33
28
5

33
17
16

30
30

_
-

5
5
"

31
31
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

-

20
20

20
20

15
15

17
16

75
74

39
32

87
49

11 0
87

4
4

16
"

1
“

_

_

_

_

_

"

"

2. 32
2. 32

_

_

_

_

_

-

12
12

19
19

55
55

22
22

23
23

2
2

_

“

455
439

2. 58
2. 57

_

_

"

-

3
3

15
15

16
16

26
25

31
30

198
"198-----

54
53

55
54

45
40

3
3

M echanics, automotive (maintenance) ...
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_________________________
Public u tilitie s* ___________________________

800
70
730
612

2. 37
2.39
2. 37
2. 33

_
-

_
-

_
-

92
1
91
82

50
5
45
34

473
22
451
4 34

54
21
33
28

41
13
28
28

76
76
"

-

"

7
6
1
1

2
2
-

"

1
1
1

_
-

"

_
-

-

Mechanics, maintenance
M anufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
___________________________

560
365
195

2. 32
2. 31
2. 32

6
6

4
4

9
9

25
15
10

29
21
8

51
39
12

45
39
6

78
44
34

88
69
19

63
53
10

92
-----26

5
2
3

48
1
47

14
14

2
2
-

M illw righ ts _______ ______________________________
M anufacturing _ _______________________________

234
231

2. 51
2.51

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

44
44

95
95

30
30

23
21

1
1

_

"

14
14

_

"

6
5

-

"

O ile rs ____________
Manufacturing

132
132

2.07
2. 07

_

3
3

3
3

78
78

10
10

18
18

4
4

2
2

_

6
6

_
-

7
7

1
1

_

-

Pain ters, m ain ten an ce_________
_____________
M anufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

197
87
1 10

2. 63
2.60
2 . 66

-

_
-

1
1

_
-

7
7

7
3
4

15
10
5

15
7
8

29
19
10

8
7
1

3
3
-

111
37
74

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

P ipefitters, maintenance _________________________
M anufacturing __________________________________

170
153

2.65
2.64

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
------g------

42
42

46
46

7
2

14
14

9
~

39
36

-

-

5
5

-

-

2
2

-

-

Sheet-m etal w o rk e rs, maintenance ____________
Manufacturing
. _ _
_
_ . ___ _

61
60

2.60
2 . 60

_

3
3

15
14

1.8
18

_

2
2

_

-

20
20

_

-

1
1

_

-

657
657

2. 65
2.65

11
11

44
44

45
45

70
70

104
104

87
87

120
12 0

29
29

147
147

_

_

_

-

"

-

___

Tool and die m akers
M a n u fa c tu rin g __

...

. .................
... ..... ...

_ ........

__________________________

. ....
... .
_______ ^__________________

_

-

-

-

_
"

2
2

2. 05
2 . 01

197
197

2M

-

-

•
_

.
-

_

_

_

_

~

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

1----- :—
-

1 Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
* Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), communication, and other public utilities.




_

-

2
2

-

_

64
— u —

-

_
-

"

_

_

"

_
“

_

_

"

-

9
2

_

_

_
-

_
-

4
4
4

1
1

_
-

_

_

_

-

_

_
-

_
"
21
21

-

-

_

_

_

'

-

-

"
_

Occupational W age Survey, M inneapolis-St. Pau l, Minn. , M a rc h 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B ureau of L a b o r Statistics

8
T a b le A - 4 :

C u s to d ia l a nd M a te ria l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a tio n s

(Av erage hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an are a b a sis
m M inneapolis-St. Pau l, M in n ., by industry division, M arch 1957)
N U M B E R OF WORKEBS R E CE IVIN G STRAIGH T-TIM E H OURLY E AR NING S OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccupation1 and industry division

Average
hourly
earnings

Under
$
1 .0 0

$
1 .0 0
and
under
1 . 10

58
55

1.34
1.33

9
9

571
4&3
108

1.93
1.97
1.75

-

W holesale trade
Retail trade __________________________________
Finance * * ___________________________________

2,518
1,060
1,458
272
70
571
354

1.57
1 .68
1.50
1.85
1 .61
1.38
1.52

-

"

Janitors, p o rte rs, and clean ers (wom en) ______
Manufacturing
.....
.
..
Nonmanufar.turing
.. ............... _.

797
224
573

1 .36
1.54
1.29

21

61
19
42

5,053
2,015
3,038
1 ,0 9 2
1,024

1.94
1.89
1.98
2. 17
1.97

59
1
58
_

2,278
— 4n r 1,848
1, 184
574

1.87
1.87
1.87
2 .00
1 .60

1.2Q

$
1 .20
—
.JL-1Q__

$
1.42
1.40

303
295

$
1 . 10

Elevator o p erato rs, p assen ger (m en)

__________

E levator op erators, p assen ger (women)

Guards
_ ,
_
Manufacturing

... ___

_

Janitors, p o rte rs, and clean ers (men) _________
Manufacturing ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
.. .
____

L a b o r e r s , m aterial handling
M anufacturing
.. ..
_
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities *
... _
W holesale trade

__

O rd er fille r s
M anufacturing
....... . ................ . .
_
_
_ ...
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade
Retail trade
P a c k e rs, shipping (m en)
Manufacturing
Non-manufacturing
W holesale trade ...

.

_
_

........ .

865
361
504
424
334
187
147

1.41
" 1.48'
1.32

Receiving clerk s ___________________________________
Manufacturing o
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade
. _
Retail trade ___________________________________

403
233
170
78
81

2 .02
2 .0 8
1.93
2.06
1.85

Shipping clerk s ___________________________________ _
Manufacturing
Nonman ufacturing
W holesale trade

357
199
158
107

2.07
2.06
2.09
2.08

Shipping and receiving clerk s
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
_
W holesale trade

240
141
99
67

2.03
2.05
2 .01
2 .0 6

_

_____

... ...

_

See footnotes at end of table.
* Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), communication,
* * Finance, insurance, and re a l estate.




$
1.40

1.40

1.50

$
1.50

$
1 .60
1.70

1 .60

$
1.70

$
1.80

1.80

1.90

$
1.90

$

2 .0 0
2 . 10

2 .0 0

$

2 . 10
2 .2 0

$

2 .2 0

$
2.30

2. 30

2.40

$
2.40
2.50

28
28
44
44

32
32

-

-

22
22

3
3

11
11

26
26

162

5
1

4

2
2

1
1

7
7

.

_

TE2

11

5

11

3

47
47

48
36
12

109
87
22

105
64
41

97
91
6

98
98

63
27
36
33
3
_

63
30
33
16
3
14

54
45
9
_
_

84
6
78
78
_

_
_
_
_

_

2 .6 0

-

_

$
2.50

-

-

-

3

*

,

2 .6 0
and
over

2
2
_

_

_

_

_

26
----- Z5— —

11
rr~

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

11

5

11

179
26
153
4
33
69

213
72
141
9
7
64
54

331
147
184
21
9
112
42

543
258
285
58
4
62
151

341
252
89
31
12
24
20

173
143
30
12
18
_

-

156
32
124
8
7
25
18

-

-

-

9
-

32
7
25

142
8
134

324
4
320

42
3l
11

50
40
10

92
89
3

25
22
3

5
4
1

3

_

_

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

29

41

72

145
116
29

556
455
91

539
259
280

_

24
4
20
20

7

73

199

734
237
497
322
158

692
4
688
687

_

1206
189
1017
_
559

_

72
_
7

91
51
40
8

133
133

41
_
7

80
39
41
7
14

39

29
_

43
32
11
_

37
3
34

99

35

17

-

-

99

35

17

34

99

35

13

176
119
57
36
19

817
82
735
635
39

536
20
516
307
209

185
10
175
174
1

7
------- 5—
1

109

81
44
89
27 ------ E T ~ ------- 53
17
36
17
14
9
9
3
12

46
46

109

4

5

8

5
5

4

5

8

11
2
9

35
28
7

63
59
4

34
25
9

91
72
19
7

464
75
389
361

105
85
20
20

35
5
30
30

29
5
24

33
17
16

27
13
14

49

105
83
22

14
10
4

21

4
4

2

3

49

46
34
12

_

_

_

_

1

_

13

_

_

13

9
1
8

26
12
14

61
36
25

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

-

8

8

14

20

_

_

-

_

-

.

-

-

12
10
2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

31
15
16
14

64
64

_

_
40

21

66
20
46
_
_
32

109
-

_

1.89
1 .8 6
1.91
1 .9 6

P a c k e rs, shipping (wom en) ____________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
.......
.. .

$
1.30

• -

188
2
186
2
7
156

-

_

570
4g~5~
85
48

6
1
1

1

_

_

and other public u tilities.

_

_

_

_

_

39

_

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

3
3

1
1
1

2

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

72
44
28
16
11

52
17
35
31
4

93
49
44
29
15

57

8
8

7
7

4
4

_

-

-

-

-

47
42
5

54
30
24
18

58
34
24
19

126
45
81
60

23
17
6
6

24
8
16
4

7
7

2
2

4
4

16
9
7

38
34
4
1

57
38
19
11

61
19
42
34

14
10
4
4

8
8

7
4
3
3

_

2
2

T\

_

_

_

6
$
2
2

Occupational W age Survey, M inneapolis-St. P au l, Minn. , M arch 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Bureau of L ab o r Statistics

_

4
4
-

9
T a b le A - 4 :

C u s to d ia l a n d M a te ria l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d

(A v erage hourly earnings for Selected occupations studied on an a rea basis
in M in n eap o lis-S t. Pau l, M in n ., by industry division, M arch 1957)
N U M B E R OF WORKEES R E CE IVIN G S TRAIGH T-TIM E H OURLY E AR NING S OF—

Occupation 1 and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

Average
hourly 2
earnings

T ru ck d rivers 3 ______________________________________
Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________ ___
Public utilities * __________________________ _
W holesale trade __________________________ _
Retail trade .

3, 525
525
3,000
1,894
604
499

2 . 18
2.18
2.18
2 .2 1
2. 14
2 .1 2

T ru c k d riv e rs, light (under IV 2 tons) _______
Manufacturing ____________________________ _

991
144

2.19
2 .£ 6

T ru ck d riv ers, medium ( 1 V2 to and
including 4 tons)
_ .
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Public utilities * _______________________
W holesale trade _______________________ _

1,508
291
1,217
718
366

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra ile r type) ________ ________________________ _
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
W holesale trade
_
_ _
Retail trade _____________________________

$
1 .00
and
under
1 .1 0

$

$

$

$

-

-

1 . 10

1 .2 0

1.30

1.40

$
1.50

$
1 .6 0

$
1.70

1 .2 0

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

-

1
1
1
-

2
2
2
-

5
5
5
-

3
2
1
1
-

-

Under
$
1 .0 0

-

-

-

_

1

2

1.80

1.90

$
2 .0 0

$
2 . 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2.30

$
2.40

$
2.50

1.90

2 .0 0

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2.30

2.40

2.50

2 .6 0

$

$

50
1
49
30
19

53
42
11
3
8

43
42
1
1
-

-

17
17
4
12

5

1

11

22

-

-

-

-

-

23
12

-

2
2
-

6
6
-

28
1
27
27

30
30
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

2 L 16
2.14
2 .1 6
2.19
2.13

-

-

-

-

..

-

-

-

-

-

641
608
133
154

2 .20
2 .2 0
2.19
2.17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T ru c k d riv e rs, heavy (over 4 tons, other
than tra ile r type) _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________ __

178
132

2 .2 0
2 .2 0

T ru ck ers, power (fork lift) ________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

529
250
269

2 .0 6
1.95
2 . 16

T ru ck ers, power (other than forklift)
Manufacturing __________________________________

197
177

Watchmen
Manufacturing _________________________________ _
Nonmanufacturing
____
........... _
Public utilities *
_

299
132
167
41

-

-

-

-

-

342
80
262
1
142
118

940
169
771
192
335
243

1868
39
1829
1648
127
54

71
29
42
6
36

109
100
9
9

15
15
-

6
6
-

-

-

6
5

64
11

179
42

568
2

28

81
72

-

-

32
32
-

208
52
156
86

536
-------8 6
450
169
236

610
34
576
520
44

13
11
2
2
-

27
20
4
16

197
18 3
66
96

398
397
63
34

-

-

-

5
-

-

-

-

-

8
-------- g—■
8

-

-

6
-

-

-

-

22
-------- 5 —

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

37
----- 33

25
1

94
94

.

.
-

4
4

_
-

15
15

6
6

32
32

82
82

-

"

-

221
76
145

_
-

2
2

-

80
4
76

.
-

“

48
11
37

2
2

-

37
26
11

-

~

_

_

7
7

21
21

31
31

56
54

26
8

5
5

51
51

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

60
------2&
34

59
39
20

32
11
21
17

7
3
4
4

36
29
7

-

4
4
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

1.99
1 .98

_

_

_

_

*

-

-

"

-

1.64
1.75
1.56
1.75

_
-

26

3
3

29
10
19

16
1
15

23
4
19
8

4
4

5

21

Data lim ited to men w o rk e rs, except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Includes a ll d riv e rs re g a rd le s s of size and type of truck operated.
Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and re a l estate.




-

28
15
-----25---- -------T5—
-

2

9

_

1

—
1
2
3
*
**

$
2 .6 0
and
over

_
-

10

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The prim a ry purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to
assist its fie ld staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations w orkers who are em ployed under
a v a rie ty of payroll titles and differen t w ork arrangem ents from establishment to establishment
and from area to a rea.
This is essential in order to perm it the grouping o f occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of thi', emphasis on inter establishment and
in terarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau*s job descriptions may d iffer s ig n ifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau*s field represen tatives are instructed to exclude w ork­
ing su pervisors, apprentices, lea rn ers, beginners, tra in ees, handicapped w orkers, p art-tim e,
tem p orary, and probationary w ork ers.

Office

B IL L E R , MACHINE

BO O K KEEPING -M AC H INE O PE R ATO R - Continued

P rep a res statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typ ew riter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or p erfo rm other c le r ic a l w ork in­
cidental to billing operations.
F or wage study purposes, b ille rs ,
machine, are cla ssified by type o f machine, as follow s:

Class A - Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fa m ilia rity with
the structure o f the particular accounting system used.
D eter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the w ork.
May prepare consolidated
re p orts, balance sheets, and other records by hand.

B ille r , machine (billin g machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, E lliott F ish er, Burroughs, etc. , which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare b ills and
invoices from customers* purchase o rd ers, internally prepared
ord ers, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predeterm ined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
n ecessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are autom atically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a la rge number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.

Class B - Keeps a record o f one or m ore phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing de scribed
under b ille r, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ven tory control, etc.
May check or assi.it in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B ille r , machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E lliott F ish er, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receiva b le operation.
G enerally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* led ger
record .
The machine autom atically accumulates figures on a
number of v e rtic a l columns and computes and usually prints auto­
m atically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BO O K KEEPING -M AC H INE O PE R ATO R
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Rem ington Rand, E lliott
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash R egister, with or with­
out a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.




C LE R K , ACCO UNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or m ore sections of a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
m e n ts business transactions. W ork involves posting and balancing
subsidiary led ger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c ­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requ ires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
prep?ring, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
C lass B - Under supervision, perform s one or m ore routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
recon cilin g bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general led gers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in o ffices in
which the m ore routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several w orkers.

11
CLERK,

F IL E

Class A - Responsible fo r maintaining an established filin g
system . C la ssifies and indexes correspondence or other m aterial;
may also file this m a terial. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filin g and locating
m aterial in the file s .
May perform incidental c le r ic a l duties.
Class B - P erfo rm s routine filin g, usually of m a terial that
has already been cla ssified , or locates or assists in locating m a­
teria l in the file s .
May p erform incidental c le ric a l duties.
C LE RK,

ORDER

R eceives custom ers' o rders fo r m a terial or m erchandise by
m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to custom ers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to resp ective de­
partments to be filled .
May check with cred it department to d e te r­
mine credit rating of custom er, acknowledge receipt of orders from
custom ers, follow up orders to see that they have been fille d , keep
file of orders received , and check shipping invoices with original
o rd e rs .
CLE RK,

K E Y -PU N C H O PE R A TO R
Under general supervision and with no su pervisory respon si­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a num erical key-punch machine, follow ing
w ritten inform ation on record s.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps file s of punch cards.
May v e r ify own w ork or w ork of others.
O FFIC E BOY OR G IR L
P erfo rm s various routine duties such as running errands,
operating m inor o ffice machines such as sealers or m a ilers, opening
and distributing m ail, and other m inor c le ric a l work.
S E C R E TA R Y
P erfo rm s sec re ta ria l and c le r ic a l duties fo r a superior in an
adm inistrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments fo r superior; receivin g people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or co n fi­
dential m ail, and w ritin g routine correspondence on own initiative;
talking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or sim ila r machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded inform ation reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda fo r inform ation of superior.

PAYRO LL
STENO G RAPH ER, G E N E R A L

Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w o rk ers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as w ork er's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions fo r insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paym aster in making up and d is ­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

P rim a ry duty is to take dictation from one or m ore persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ila r machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
w rite r. May also type from w ritten copy. May also set up and keep
files in o rd er, keep sim ple record s, etc.
Does not include transcribing-m achine work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

C O M PTO M E TE R O PE R ATO R

STENO G RAPH ER,

P rim a ry duty is to operate a Com ptom eter to perform m athe­
m atical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
perform ance of other duties.

P r im a ry duty is to take dictation from one or m ore persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ila r machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to tran scribe this dictation on a
typew riter. May also type from w ritten copy. May also set up and
keep files in ord er, keep sim ple record s, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-m achine work.

TE C H N IC A L

D U PLIC A TIN G -M AC H IN E O PE R ATO R (M IM EO G RAPH OR D IT TO )
SWITCHBOARD O PE R A T O R
Under general supervision and with no su pervisory respon­
sib ilities, reproduces m ultiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
m atter, using a mim eograph or ditto machine. Makes n ecessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto m aster. M ay keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters.
May sort, collate, and staple com ­
pleted m aterial.




Operates a sin gle- or m u ltiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages.
M ay give in fo r­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone o rd ers.
F or w orkers who also act as receptionists see switchboard opera torreceptionist.

12

TRAN SC RIB ING -M AC H INE O PE R A TO R , G EN ERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD O PE R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
tion
type
This
time

In addition to perform in g duties of operator, on a single p o si­
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and m ay also
or p erfo rm routine c le r ic a l w ork as part of regular duties.
typing or c le r ic a l w ork may take the m ajor part of this worker *s
while at switchboard.

T A B U LA T IN G -M A C H IN E O PER ATO R
Operates machine that autom atically analyzes and translates
inform ation punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints tran s­
lated data on form s or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does sim ple w iring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagram s; places cards to be tabulated in feed m agazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. M ay, in addition,
operate au xiliary machines.

included. A w orker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or sim ila r machine is cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
T Y P IS T
Uses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to
make out b ills after calculations have been made by another person.
M ay do c le r ic a l work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple record s, filin g records and reports, or sorting and d is ­
tributing incoming m ail.
Class A - P erfo rm s one or m ore of the follow in g: Typing
m aterial in final form from ve ry rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or co rrected copy in which there is a frequent
and va ried use of technical and unusual words or from foreign language copy; combining m aterial from severa l sources, or
planning layout of com plicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
form ity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form .
May type routine form letters , varying details to
suit circum stances.

TR AN SC RIB ING -M AC H INE O PE R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P rim a ry duty is to tran scribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine record s.
May also
type from w ritten copy and do sim ple c le r ic a l work. W orkers tran ­
scribing dictation involving a va ried technical or specialized vocabu­
la ry such as legal b riefs or reports on scientific research are not

P r o f e s s i o nal

D R A FTSM A N , JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May p r e ­
pare drawings from sim ple plans or sketches, or p erfo rm other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
D RAFTSM AN ,

LEAD ER

Plans and directs activities of one or m ore draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or p r e ­
lim in ary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the follow in g: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and w ritten or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
perform ing m ore difficult problem s. May assist subordinates during




Class B - P erfo rm s one or m ore of the follow in g: Typing
from re la tive ly clea r or typed drafts; routine typing of form s,
insurance p o licies, etc. ; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying m ore complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

and

T e chni c a 1

D RA FTSM A N ,

LEADER - Continued

em ergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a su pervisory or adm inistrative nature.
D RAFTSM AN , SENIOR
Prep a res working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the follow in g:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc .,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of m aterials, beams and
trusses; verifyin g completed work, checking dimensions, m aterials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
arch itectu ral, e le c tric a l, mechanical, or structural drafting.

13
NURSE. INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

a

d Powerplant

CARPENTER, M AINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following; Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrig e ra ­
tion, or air conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one""engineer are excluded"

ELECTRICIAN, M AINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy*in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transform ers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician's handtools and measuring
and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H ELPER, TRADES, M AINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools} and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-tim e basis.

14

MACHINE-TOOL, OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, M AINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig b orers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling' machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the *o rk of a maintenance*
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, M AINTENANCE
M ILLW RIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning ana laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist*8 handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
part8 to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist*s work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Install8 new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed r e ­
ducers. In general, the m illwright^ work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTO M O TIVE (M AINTEN ANC E)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assem blies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
P A IN T E R , M AINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brufh.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

15
PIPEFITTE R , M AINTENANCE

S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M AINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fo l­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stockft and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe r e ­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
prim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.

and laying out ail types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUM BER , M AINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprentice­
ship Or equivalent training and experience.
S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M AINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

and

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and processes. „ In
general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded training
in machine -shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
F or cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or sim ilar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Perform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLE A N E R
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

16

LABORER, MATERIAL. HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AN D RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order*picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers ^ o rd e rs, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
m aterials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, w are­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and custom ers1 houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (T ractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity.)

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AN D RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is r e ­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other m aterials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and p re ­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
.a \ A / g
»4 A V I
■ lln
IT-,- - T i g
*
»V «i0 /
Truckdriver, medium (lVa to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
W ATCHM AN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
against fire , theft, and illegal entry.
ft

U- S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1 957

O — 431024

Bulletins in This Series
Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 17 major labor markets during late 1956 and early 1957. Bulletins for the following
areas are now available and may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C., or from any
of the regional sales offices listed below. As additional bulletins become available, they will be listed in subsequent issues.

Labor Market

Survey Period

Seattle, Wash.
Buffalo, N. Y.
Cleveland, Ohio
Boston, Mass.
Dallas, Tex.
Kansas City, Mo.
Philadelphia, Pa.
San Francisco-Oakland, Calif.
Pittsburgh, Pa.
Birmingham, Ala.
Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif.

August 1956
September 1956
October 1956
September 1956
October 1956
December 1956
November 1956
January 1957
December 1956
January 1957
March 1957




BLS Bulletin
Number

1202-1
1202-2
1202-3
1202-4
1202-5

1202-6
1202-7

1202-8
1202-9

1202-10
1202-11

Price
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
20
25

Regional Sales Offices

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
18 Oliver Street
Boston 10, Mass.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
50 Seventh Street, N. E .
Atlanta 23, Ga.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
105 West Adams Street
Chicago 3, 111.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
341 Ninth Avenue
New York 1, N. Y.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
630 Sansome Street
San F ran cisco 11, Calif.

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102