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Occupational Wage Survey

MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
FEBRUARY 1957

Bulletin No. 1202-13

UNITED STATES D EPA RTM EN T OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary




B U R E A U O F LA B O R S TA TIS TIC S
Ew an C la g u«, C om m issoiw r




Occupational Wage Survey




MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
FEBRUARY 1957

Bulletin No. 1202-13
UN ITED STA TES DEPARTM EN T OF LABO R
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Claguo, Commissionor
May 1957

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, W ashington 2 5, D. C .

-

Price 2 0 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Community Wage Survey P rogra m




1
2

Tables:
1.
2.

A:

Establishments and w orkers within scope of s u r v e y ________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase fo r selected periods ________________
Occupational earnings * A - 1: O ffice occupations _______________________________
A -2 : Profession a l and technical occupations ________
A -3 ; Maintenance and power plant occupations _______
A -4 : Custodial and m aterial movement occupations

Appendix:

Job descriptions

_________________________________________

* N O TE: Sim ilar tabulations are available in the Memphis area
reports for Novem ber 1951, January 1953, January 1954,
Febru ary 1955, and February 1956.
Most of the reports also
include data on shift differen tial provisions; minimum entrance
rates for women o ffice w orkers; scheduled weekly hours; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension
plans.
The 1954 report also includes wage structure charac­
te ris tic s , labor-managem ent agreem ents, and overtim e pay p ro ­
visions; the 1955 report, frequency of wage payment and pay
provisions for holidays falling on nonworkdays.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay le ve ls, are
available for the following trades or industries: Building con­
struction, printing, local-tran sit operating em ployees, and
m otortruck d rivers .

1
2
ro in vO n

The Bureau of Labor Statistics regu la rly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number o f important industrial
centers.
The studies, made from late fa ll to ea rly spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits.
A prelim in ary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the ea rlie r report.
A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of a ll of the year*s surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin for the
current round of surveys.

Introduction __________________________________________________________
Wage trends fo r selected occupational groups _____________________

9




Occupational Wage Survey - Memphis, Tenn.#
Introduction
The Memphis area is one of several important industrial centers in
which the Department of L a b o r s Bureau of L abor Statistics conducted su r­
veys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits. Although data are
norm ally obtained by personal visits of Bureau field agents to representative
establishments, data in this report were obtained chiefly by mail question­
naire. Current employment and earnings information was provided by the e s ­
tablishments visited in February 1956, for occupations reported in that e a r­
lier study. Current information on related wage benefits was not collected. 1
In each area, data are obtained from representative establishments
within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation (excluding
railro ad s), communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail
trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services.
M ajor industry
groups excluded from these studies, besides railroad s, are government op­
erations and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments hav­
ing fewer than a p rescribed number of workers are omitted also because they
furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to warrant inclu­
sion. 2 W herever possible, separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the unnec­
essary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To obtain appropriate

* This report was prepared in the B ureau’s regional office in Atlanta,
Ga. , by Bernard J. Fah res, under the direction of Louis B. Woytych, Regional
Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 Data for February 1956 are available in BLS Bull. 1188-12, Occupa­
tional Wage Survey, Memphis, Tenn. , for scheduled hours; shift differentials;
minimum entrance rate for women office w orkers; holiday and vacation pay
provisions; and health, insurance, and pension plans.
See table 1, footnote 2, for m inim um -size establishment covered.




accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than of sm all estab­
lishments is studied.
In combining the data, however, all establishments
are given their appropriate weight.
Estimates based on the establishments
studied are presented, therefore, as relating to all establishments in the in­
dustry grouping and area, except for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manu­
facturing and nonmanufacturing industries.
Occupational classification is
based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of inter­
establishment variation in duties within the same job (see appendix for listing
of these descriptions). Earnings data are presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables)
for the following types of occupations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional
and technical; (c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and m aterial
movement.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-tim e
w orkers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule in the given
occupational classification. Earnings data exclude prem ium pay for overtime
and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses
are excluded also, but cost-of-livin g bonuses and incentive earnings are in­
cluded. Where weekly hours are reported, as for office clerical occupations,
reference is to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which
straight-time salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupa­
tions have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all estab­
lishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure among establishments, the
estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establish­
ments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs
studied.
These differences in occupational structure do not m aterially af­
fect the accuracy of the earnings data.

Table 1: Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Memphis, Tenn. , 1 by major industry division, February 1957
Number of establishments
Industry division

All divisions___

__

Manufacturing _
_
Nonmanufacturing_____
Transportation (excluding railroads), communi­
cation. and other public utilities 3
Wholesale trade4 __ ______
_ _
Retail trade 4
Finance, insurance, and real estate 4 ....
... .
Services4 ’ *
_
...............

Within scope
of study *

Studied

Workers in establishments
Within scope
of study

Studied

418

134

80, 000

47,710

164
254

52
82

39, 100
40, 900

24,360
23,350

39
78
75
27
35

18
21
22
10
11

7, 500
8, 700
14,000
4, 000
6, 700

5, 650
3, 270
8, 940
2, 510
2,980

The Memphis Metropolitan Area (Shelby County).
The workers within scope of study estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accu­
rate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of
comparison with other area employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of estab­
lishment data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from scope of survey.
Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum size-limitation (51 employees). All outlets (within the area) of com­
panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation.
Since Memphis* electric and gas utilities are municipally operated, they
are also excluded, by definition, from the scope of the studies.
This industry division is represented in estimates for all industries and nonmanufacturing in the Series A tables, although coverage was insufficient to justify separate presentation of data.
Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit membership
organizations; and engineering and architectural services.

(i)

2
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerical work­
ers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected plant work­
er groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the indexes r e ­
late to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is, the stand­
ard work schedule for which straight-tim e salaries are paid.
F o r plant
worker groups, they m easure changes in straight-tim e hourly earnings, ex­
cluding premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. The indexes are based on data for selected key occupations and
include most of the num erically important jobs within each group. The office
clerical data are based on women in the following 18 jobs: B ille rs , machine
(billing machine); bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B; Comp­
tometer operators; clerks, file, class A and B; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; key-punch operators; office g irls; secretaries; stenographers, gen­
eral; switchboard operators; switchboard operator-receptionists; tabulatingmachine operators; transcribing-m achine operators, general; and typists,
class A and B.
The industrial nurse data are based on women industrial
nurses.
Men in the following 10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled
jobs were included in the plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electric­
ians; machinists; mechanics; mechanics, automotive; m illwrights; painters;
pipefitters; sheet-metal workers; and tool and die m akers; unskilled— jan i­
tors, porters, and cleaners; lab o rers, m aterial handling; and watchmen.
A verage weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were computed
for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries or hourly earn­
ings were then multiplied by the average of January 1953 and January 1954

employment in the job. These weighted earnings for individual occupations
were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for each occupational group. Finally
the ratio of these group aggregates for a given year to the aggregate for the
base period (survey month, winter 1952-53) was computed and the result
multiplied by the base year index (100) to get the index for the given year.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of ( l) general salary
and wage changes; (2) m erit or other increases in pay received by individual
workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the labor force such as
labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions, and changes in the p ro ­
portion of w orkers employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupa­
tional averages without actual wage changes. For example, a force expansion
might increase the proportion of low er paid w orkers in a specific occupation
and result in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of
lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement of a highpaying establishment out of an area could cause the average earnings to drop,
even though no change in rates occurred in other establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects of
changes in the proportion of w orkers represented in each job included in the
data. N or are the indexes influenced by changes in standard work schedules
or in premium pay for overtime, since they are based on pay for straighttime hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1956 for w orkers in 15 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1188, Wages and Related Benefits,
17 L abo r M arkets, 1955-56.

T able 2: Indexes of standard w eekly sa la r ie s and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in M em phis, T en n ., February 1956 and February 1957,
and percen ts of in crea se for selected periods
Indexes
P ercen t in c re a se s from —
(January 1953 = 100)
February 1956 February 1955 January 1954 January 1953 N ovem ber 1951 N ovem ber 1951
Industry and occupational group
F ebruary 1957 F ebruary 1956
to
to
to
to
to
to
February 1957 February 1956 February 1955 January 1954 January 1953 F ebruary 1957
A ll industries:
4. 8
2 3 .6
118. 0
4. 3
2. 1
4. 1
O ffice cle ric a l (w o m en )__________________________
6 .5
113.2
3 0.4
Industrial n u rses (wom en) ______________________ _
126. 1
7. 1
6. 7
3. 5
121.0
4 .2
5 .9
2 9 .4
Skilled m aintenance (men)
121.4
5 .4
3. 0
3. 5
6 .6
8. 1
115.2
7 .7
30.4
125. 6
3. 5
3. 8
U nskilled plant (m e n )___ _________________________
117.2
7 .2
5 .2
M anufacturing:
4 .7
2 .3
O ffice c le ric a l (w o m en )___________________________
110.7
5 .6
5. 0
22. 8
117. 0
3 .9
4 .4
3 8.6
Industrial n u rses (women)
8. 7
6. 7
9 .0
5. 1
132. 8
121. 8
6 .6
26. 8
Skilled m aintenance (m en) ________________________
118. 5
113.2
4 .8
2. 3
1.6
8 .9
25. 7
U nskilled plant (m en) _ __
3 .4
5. 1
7. 3
3 .6
4 .2
119. 7
111.6




A : Occupational Earnings
T a b le A - l:

3

O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s

( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in M e m p h is , T e n n . , by in d u s t ry d iv is io n , F e b r u a r y 1957)

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours , earnings
(Standard)1 (Standard)1

N U M B E R OF WORKERS R E CE IVIN G STRA IGH T-TIM E W E E K L Y E AR NING S OF—

$
$
$
$
25. 00 30. 00 35. 00 4 0 . 00
and
under
30. 00 35. 00 4 0 . 00 45. 00

$
4 5 . 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

$

60. 00

$
65. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
85. 00 90. 0 0
95. 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

9 0 . 00

95. 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0

110 .0 0

and
over

Men
$
C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A ___________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
^ .

174
86
88

40. 0
40. 5
40 . 0

8 8 . 00
8 8 . 00
8 8 . 00

"

-

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B _____________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
.......
........

62
27
35

40 . 0
4 0 .0
40. 0

6 9 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
70. 50

_
“

.
_

C lerk s, order
__ .......
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

140
29
111

40 . 0
40 . 0
40 . 0

6 6 . 50
6 5 .5 0
6 6 . 50

Office boys __________________________ ______________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

53
34

40. 0
40. 0

4 4 . 00
4 3 .0 0

Tabulating-m achine op erators
_________________________
Manufacturing
_ ...........
Nonmanufacturing
____________________________________

87
38
49

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

79. 50
77. 50
8 1 .0 0

■

■

-

_
•

_
-

_
■

4

-

-

2

-

24
3

.
-

4
4

9
7

7
7

14
5
9

5

1

1

21
11
10

2
1
1

12
6
6

10

3
3

1
1

1

21

_

_

-

"

6
6

22

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

11
2

_
-

31

-

10

_
-

6

6

7
6
1

16
13
3

16
11

11

20

22

9

9

5

2

11

13
9

4
4
“

10

1

16

14

6

11

4

4

2

7

7

4
3

1
6

3
7

_

13
7
6

4
4
-

29
7

*2 2

5
3

2

.

-

-

-

2

“

2

2

“

_
“

.

.

2

-

"

2

_

_

_
-

-

2

1

6

4
4
■

.
-

13

16
16

6

4
12

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

3
3

6
6

12

25

5
3

7
5

23

13
4
9

2

9
3

2

2

2

_
"

_
"

27
9
18

2

-

“

-

-

1
1

'
Women

B ille r s , machine (billing m a c h in e )______________________
Manufacturing
.
. .. _
. ..
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

107
33
74

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

5 1 .0 0
52. 00
50. 50

B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping m achine) _______________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

32
32

40. 0
40. 0

4 4 . 50
4 4 .5 6

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss A
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

73
52

40. 0
40. 0

62 . 00
62 . 50

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss B ______________
Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
____________________________________

403
93
310

40 . 5
40. 0
40 . 5

5 1 .5 0
58. 00
4 9 . 50

C le r k s, accounting, c la s s A ___________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________ __________________________

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B __________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________

S e e fo o tn o tes a t end o f t a b le .




169
58

40. 0

111

40 . 0

594

40. 0

102

40. 0

492

3 9 .5

40. 0

6 4 .5 0
67. 00
63 . 00

52. 50
5 7 .0 0
52 . 00

.
-

.
-

_

_

_

"

"

-

-

-

13

1
1

5
5

_

_

_

_

-

■

-

-

8

13

2

2

-

12

2

~

4
4

"

12

15

9
3

9

3
3
"

6
6

6
6

—

n

1
1

.

_

24

-

4
4

i

-

-

22

8
1

1

11

94

99

75

61

1

11

6

10

22

16

27
19

88

89

53

45

8

_
"

_

1

-

-

11
-

10
-

62

11

-

-

_
-

2

-

.

-

7
5

36

1
1

_
“

_

2

21

-

-

2

-

57

6

28

_

_
_

_

34

-

-

_

.
-

6
6

-

_
-

_
-

10

56

1

6

"

_

"

7
7

-

-

-

-

3

1

1

_
-

~

~

3

3

_
-

1

_

5
5

4

~

1
2

8

3

6

7

4
4

2
1

1

5

37
8

11

6

29

25

32

20
10
10

172
13
159

151
24
127

77
23
54

53
18
35

30
10
20

T e n n .,

38

-

11

8

3
5

_

_
-

“

------- y

7
4
3

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y , M e m p h is ,

36

6

_
-

-

"

"

1

-

_

_
“

_
~

3
3

_
-

-

-

"

"

2

_

1

-

-

6

2

2

_

_

-

-

-

2

F e b r u a r y 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s

4
T a b le A-1: O ffic e O c c u p a t io n s - C o n tin u e d
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hou rs and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a r e a b a sis
in M em p h is, T enn. , by indu sdry d iv is io n , F e b r u a r y 1957)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
Sex,

Number
of
workers

o c c u p a tio n , an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

■

$
25. 00
,
)1 u and r
nde
3 0 .0 0

Weekly Weekly
earnings
(Standard)1 (Standard

$
30. 00

$
35. 00

$
40. 00

$
4 5 .0 0

$
50. 00

$
5 5 .0 0

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

35. 00

4 0 .0 0

45. 00

5 0 .0 0

55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. on

$
$
$
$
$
$
85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00
and
90. 00

9 5. 00 100. 00

105.00

1 10.00

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d

53
32

40. 0
40. 0

$
53. 00
51. 00

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s R ............... .....
_ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________________

280
3$
241

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

46. 50
50. 00
46 . 00

4
4

C l e r k s , o r d e r ___________________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

112
52
60

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

55. 50
5 7 .5 0
53. 50

_
-

C l e r k s , f i le , c l a s s A __________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g _______________________________________________

_

190
106
84

40. 0
40. 0
40. 5

58. 50
61. 50
5 5 .0 0

_

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
________________________________________

278
62
216

3 9 .5
39. 5
3 9 .5

52. 50
6 1 .0 0
50. 00

K e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s __________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
________________________________________

165
39
126

40. 0
40. 0
39. 5

O ffic e g i r l s
.......
113
M a n u f a c t u r in g _ _____________________________________________ -------Z T ~
70
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
________________________________________
S e c r e t a r i e s ________________________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________________
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * _________________________________________

5
4

6
1

4

_
"

1
1

_

_

26
26

20
20

91
9
82

51
12
39

39
9
30

12
8
4

14
14

15
15

6
1
5

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

_

“

“

_

_

"

_

_

35
7
28

18
6
12

15
15

1
1

3
3

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

_

-

"

3
3

-

“

9
2
7

1
1

“

15
12
3

_

-

12
5
7

_

-

39
25
14

20
7
13

34
21
13

17
15
2

9

10
9

1
1

1
1

-

1

3
1
2

-

7
2

7
5
2

2
2

52

16
7

13
5
8

14
7
7

7
2
5

3
2
1

5
5

17
2
15

12
7
5

10
3
7

3
3

_
-

_

_

.

_

"

-

39

31
18
13
4

14
5

8

3
5
5

6 6

_

"
_

9

9

52
52

60
16
44

43

37
8
29

29
3
26

33
11
22

35
11
24

11
2

12
2
10

8
2
6

5
5

_
-

-

-

-

”

“

“

“

“

26
4
22

67
27
40

63
19
44
3

85
19
66
2

73
27
46

42
12
30
5

41
5
36
4

-

-

-

-

9

9

5 7 .0 0
60. 50
5 5 .5 0

_

_
-

6
6

9

-

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

4 3 . 50
44. 50
43 . 00

_

_

87

40 .
40.
40.
40.

65. 50
6 8 .5 0
6 4 .0 0
75. 50

0
0
0
0

■

“

1
1

_
-

-

“

■
5
5

~

_

9

— ^ r~
53
37
4
33
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

"

-

-

”

-

13
6
7

_

_

-

-

-

2

-

4
2
2

“

“

6

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

"

9

-

_

6
1

_

_

1

_

_

~

-

-

_

9

39
7
32

26
16
10

35
23
12

20
10
10

7
4
3

6
3
3

_

8
1
7

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

_

2

_

6

5

9

2

-

6

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

_

-

5
5

_

67. 50

_

15
15

-

40. 0

■

9

"

32

~

------- 5

-

.

_

“

18
15

8
8

-

_

-

~

"

26
26

.

5 4 .0 0
3775^
52. 50

-

_

~

“

40. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5

_

1
1

-

_

30
20
10
3

11
11

158
64
94

25
4

_

_

48
20
28
5

27
27

4 4 .5 0
43. 00

TT1

_

_
_

54
22
32
6

14
14

42. 5
42. 5

—

_

_

118
77
41
6

"

134
122

9

_
“

90
48
42
2

■

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

9

_
"

102
21
81
2

6
6

-

_

9

_
“

113
28
85
5

1
1

56. 50
59. 50
5 4 .5 0
6 8 .5 0




1
1

30
11
19

0
0
0
0

S ee fo otnote at end o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,

4
3

1
1

40.
40.
40.
39.

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ______________________________

17
14

2
2

-

669
259
410
40

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
________________________________________

15
6

14
3
11

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l _______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
________________________________________
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * _________ ____________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________

_
_

~

C l e r k s , p a y r o ll
M a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________________

540
162
378
25

_
~

93
20
73

'

-

2
2

-

_

-

“

“

.

~

5
T a b le A - l: O f fic e O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d
(A v erage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
in M em phis, Tenn. , by industry division, F e b ru a ry 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage
Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

of
workers

a n d in d u s try d iv is io n

$
2 5 . 00
Weekly
Weekly
hours . earnings .
an d
(Standard) 1 (Standard)1 u n d e r
3 0 . 00

$
3 0 . 00

$
3 5 .0 0

$
4 0 . 00

$
4 5 . 00

$
5 0 . 00

$
5 5 . 00

$
6 0 . 00

$
6 5 . 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
8 0 . 00

$
8 5 . 00

$
9 0 . 00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 5 . 00

4 0 . 00

4 5 . 00

5 0 . 00

5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

$
9 5 .0 0

$
1 0 0 .0 0

-

1 0 0 .0 0

$
1 0 5 .0 0

-

1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

$
1 1 0 .0 0
and
over

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d
T r a n s c rib in g -m a c h in e

M anufacturing

N o n m a n u fa c t u rin g

o p erato rs,

207
80
127

...........

______________________________________________

T y p i s t s , c l a s s A __ __________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u rin g
____________________________________________

40. 0
40. 0

-------

$
>
P
5 4 . 00
5 3 . 50
5 4 . 00

-

_

-

-

-

-

5 5 . 50
5 6 .0 0
5 5 .5 0

_
-

_
-

-

-

1

3

_

6

13

268

113

____________________________________________

3 9 .5

537
120
417

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B _______________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ..
N o n m a n u fa c t u rin g

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

179

g e n e r a l _______________

40. 0

4 5 .5 0

40. 0
40. 0

4 9 . 00
4 4 . 50

-

6

1

13

32
10
22

32
12
20

69
27
42

36
11
25

18
16
2

5
4
1

8
5

28
12
16

71
25
46

26
3
23

17
5

11
6

12

5

57

16
11
5

2
1
1

8
4
4

30

162
41

238

121

33
24

4

1

8

2

-

-

-

-

-

4

1

8

2

-

-

-

-

-

9
8
1

2
2

4

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

"

2

“

■

"

3
-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

2

"

“

*

“

3

1 Standard hours reflect the w orkweek fo r which em ployees receive their re g u la r straight-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 W o rk e rs w ere distributed as follow s: 8 at $ 110 to $ 115; 8 at $ 115 to $ 120; 6 at $ 120 to $ 125.

T a b le A - 2 : P ro fe s s io n a l a n d T e c h n ic a l O c c u p a tio n s
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
in M em phis, Tenn. , by industry division, F e b ru a ry 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage
Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

Number
of
workers

an d in d u s try d iv is io n

Under
Weekly
earnings .
(Standard) 1 (Standard)1

Weekly

5 0 .0 0

$
5 0 . 00
an d
under
5 5 . 00

$
5 5 . 00

$
6 0 . 00

$
6 5 . 00

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 . 00

$
8 0 . 00

$
8 5 . 00

$
9 0 . 00

$
9 5 .0 0

$
1 0 0 .0 0

$
1 0 5 .0 0

$
1 1 0 .0 0

$
1 1 5 .0 0

$

1 2 0 .0 0

$
1 2 5 .0 0

$
1 3 0 .0 0

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 00

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0

and
over

M en
$
D r a f t s m e n , s e n i o r ___________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________________________
D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r
M a n u fa c t u rin g

_
.

... ..
.
.

.
......... . .

...........
... .

—

_

84
71-------

40. 0
40. 0

1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 8 . 50

67
51

40. 0
40. 0

6 6 . 50

4

6 9 . 00

'

27

40. 0

7 5 . 00

_

1

_

-

-

12
10

19

9
5

-

1
1

5

3

2

7

_

_

-

_

-

-

_

6
4

3

20

-

1

4

-

3
---------3

_

22
18

6
-------- 5

18
10

8
8

2
2

2
2

-

5

_

-

4
4

3
3

-

-

4
-------- 4
_

2
2

16
16

5
5
_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

W om en
N u rses,

i n d u s t r i a l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ----------------------------------------------

_

_

_

_

_

_

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their re gu lar straight-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.




Occupational W age Survey, M em phis, le n n ., F e b ru a ry 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
Bureau of L a b o r Statistics

6
T a b le

A -3:

M a in te n a n c e a n d

P o w e rp la n t O c c u p a tio n s

(A v e ra g e hourly earnings fo r men in selected occupations studied on an a re a basis
in M em phis, Tenn. , by industry division, F e b ru a ry 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
$
Average,
hourly 4 Under 0. 90 1. 00
earnings $
0. 90
under
1. 00 1. 10

C a rp e n te rs, m ain ten an ce_________ ____________
M a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________
Nonm anufacturing
_______________________ __

99
49
50

$
2. 13
1. 99
2. 27

E le ctrician s, m ain ten an ce______________________
M an u factu rin g___________ ____________ ______

167
151

2. 37
2. 44

.

E ngineers, stationary __ ________ _____________
M anufacturing _ ____________ _____ _________
N on m an ufacturin g_____________________________

119
68
51

2. 09
2. 22
1. 93

.
-

F irem en , stationary b o iler ______________
___
M an u factu rin g__________________________________

119
111

H e lp e rs, trades, maintenance _________________
M an u factu rin g__________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
‘ uKl-ir* hHI i H as ♦
P

$
1. 10

$
1. 20

$
1.30

$
1.40

$
1. 50

$
1. 60

$
1. 70

$
1. 80

$
1.90

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2.40

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

1. 20

1. 30

1.40

1.60

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

1.90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2.90

$
2. 90
and
over

1
1

1
1

1
1

7
6
1

9
9
-

-

-

1

7
3
4

3
2
1

5
5
-

3
3

9
4
5

2
1
1

4
4

1
■

1
■

3

-

_

2
2

5
2

2
2

1
*

9
8

2
2

6
6

12
10

1

_
-

.
-

10
?
3

1
1

6
6

_
-

-

3
3

-

8
4
4

4
4

5
2
3

10
7
3

17
7
10

5
3
2

9
8
1

1. 22
1. 21

_

_

81
80

11
9

2
"

_

7
4

5
5

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

"

"

■

4
4

235
136
99
39

1.
1.
1.
1.

8
8

9
9

45
42
3
2

30
22
8

32
22
10

10
3
7
4

29
23
6

26
15
11
2

13
6
7
4

13
13
12

9
9
7

10
2
8
8

1
1
-

-

_
-

M achinists, maintenance ________________________
M an u factu rin g__________________________________

162
159

2. 43
2. 44

_

■

“

■

"

_

"

■

7
7

1
1

4
4

3
3

6
3

16
16

M echanics, automotive (maintenance) ________
M a n u factu rin g__________________________________
N on m an u factu rin g_____________________________
Public utilities *

355
68
287
197

1.
1.
2.
2.

96
78
00
13

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
4
1
1

17
2
15
-

15
8
7
2

58
13
45
21

22
19
3
-

12
12

-

_
-

17
17
4

9
4
5
5

22
4
18
11

51
2
49
49

75
5—
72
69

M echanics, m ain ten an ce ______ _________________
M an u factu rin g__________________________________
N on m an ufacturin g__ _________________________

427
381
46

2. 07
2. 10
1. 74

_
“

2
2

1
1

6
2
4

3
3

6
6

11
7
4

25
18
7

23
25
"

42
54
8

42
42
“

45
35
10

22
16
6

24
24
■

48
48

M illw righ ts ________________________________________
M a n u factu rin g ____ _____ _____ _____________

195
195

2. 35
2. 35

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

“

15
15

7
7

2
2

_

“

3
3

2
2

14
14

21
21

O ile rs ______________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ___________ ________________ __

82

1.91
2. 01

4

3
_

7
5

4
4

_

"

7
7

_

1
1

3
— 3

"

2
2

_

13

9
9

16
16

P a in te rs, maintenance ______________ __ _______
M a n u factu rin g__________________________________
N o n m an u factu rin g______________ _____ ______

87
36
51

1. 90
2. 14
1. 74

2
2

4
4

-

5
5

2
2
“

21
1
20

2
1
1

2
2
"

10
“ To-

-

1
1

5
----- —

“

3
3

101
101

2. 46
2. 46

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

•

■

•

"

-

1
1

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

1
_

_

_

_

P ip e fitte rs, maintenance
Manufacturing _ _____ _____________
Tool and die m akers
M anufacturing _ _____

„

________

________ __________

33
26
43
71

54
2. 61
------ 5?— — 2TET-

-

.
-

_

-

■

_

_

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
* Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), communication, and other public utilities.




_

1

•

_

_

"

-

_

_

.
22
22

6
2
4

6
5
1

5
5
-

2
2
"

22
5
17

3
3

2
2

_

24
24

66
63

2
2

28
28

2
2

-

4
2
2

16
12
4

-

18
14
4

*

_

_

1
1

3
3

.

-

1
1

_

*

-

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

.
-

_
-

.
-

.
_

6
6

24
24

74
74

2
2

7
7

12
12

-

27
1
26
20

4
1
3
3

19
5
14
12

1
1
-

.
-

_
-

1
1
-

-

-

_
-

8
8

-

-

■
2
2

7
7

3
5
■ -

-

-

109
105
4

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

1
_
1

.

.

.

■

-

-

_

_

_

"

-

2
2

15
15

5
5

46
46

63
63

2
2

23
23

_

1
1

_

-

-

5
5

-

9
8
1

14
5
9

2
2
*

-

_

_

-

-

-

3
3

51
51

14
14

6
------6

-

*

1
1

6
6

1
1

1
1

28
28

.

_

_

-

-

7
3
7
------ —
— 1 ----- — y —

.

Occupational W age Survey, M em phis, Tenn. , F e b ru a ry 1957
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u reau of L a b o r Statistics

7

Table A-4:

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e ra g e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an are a basis
in M em phis, Tenn. , by industrjy division, F e b ru a ry 1957)
N U M B E R OF W ORKERS R E C EIV IN G STR AIG HT-TIM E H OUR LY E A R NIN G S OF—
O c c u p a t io n 1 an d in d u stry

Number
of
workers

d iv is io n

G u a rd s

__ ___________
M a n u fa c tu rin g _

_______
_____________________________

________________________ ____________
--------------------------------------------------------

$
0 . 30

$
0. 40

. 40

$
0 . 70

$
0 . 80

$
0. 90

$
1. 00

$

$

$

0 . 50

$
0 . 60

1. 10

1. 20

1. 30

$
1. 40

. 60

. 70

. 80

.9 0

1. 00

1. 10

1. 20

1. 30

1 .4 0

1. 50

. 50

$
0. 7 4
. 66

18
18

140
140

p a s s e n g e r (w o m e n )

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____

$
0 . 20
and
under
. 30

45
40

. 56
. 56

21
21

1. 80
T . 86

.

.

-

$

-

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (m e n ) „
__ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__ --------------------------------------E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s ,

Average
hourly ,
earnings

150
------ T z E ~

2
2

5
5

31
31

.

6
6

22
22

-

22
22

57
-

23
-

64
-

57

23

64

1. 19

-

-

'

12
-

8
-

12

8

14
14

p o rte rs,

an d c le a n e rs

( w o m e n ) ---------

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------------------- —
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________ _____________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * __________________________
_____

L ab o rers,

m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g

______________

__

___

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ ________________
____________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * __________________________________
O rd e r fille r s

__

______

428
------342
67

m

621

121
121

27
27

12
-

~

2. 10

2. 20

2 . 30

and
over

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

~

~

■

“

“

12
8

15
15

24
21

27
27

416

137

16 2
254
30

91
46

144
78
66
26

62
58
4
-

"

8

_

167

10

-

42
125

22
12
10

4
4
-

"

59

“

~

~

710

379
l()l
27 8
5

449
322
127

274
20

-

-

“

-

-

10 4
27
77

58
28
30

16
-

25
25

21
-

16

93
13
80

7
4

21
14

20

61
-

-

8
4

"

-

-

2
-

2
-

8
-

14
-

13 0
12 4

7
-

2

2

8

14

6

-

-

7
6

490
22 0
66

1. 37
1. 4 4
1. 34

_

_

_

_

_

179

_

2. 00

7

_

-

1 .9 0

-

-

_

1. 80

-

-

"

_

1. 70

-

9
9

_

-

2. 30

1 .6 0

9

1

12

2. 20

-

2

1. 32

800
—

85
24
75
04

2. 10

8
5

1
1

1. 31
1. 35
1. 76

2, 7 8 0
1 ,7 6 3
1 ,0 1 7
241

__________________________________

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ _______________ __ ________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________

.
1.
.
1.

-

2. 00

“

7
7

1

8
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

151

169
42
127

_

_

_

.

_

_

3
-

100
54

47
4

61

294

$

1. 90

12

61
-

_
-

$

$

1. 80

3

_

$

1. 70

2

73
73

.

$

1. 60

_

.
-

-

$

1. 50

-

_

1. 14

J a n it o rs ,

•

-

1. 35
. 95

_____

-

.

62 9
728
66

(m e n )

-

-

1, 35 7

an d c le a n e rs

-

.

__

p o rters,

30
30

1
1

-

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ __ ------------------------------ --------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________
_ __ ____________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * __________________________________

J a n it o rs ,

-

$

$

$

7

10
6

6

57

77

3

43
14

66
11
5

2
1
1

21
1

3
3
3

.

3
3

16
16

-

-

"

“

“

13 8
80

126
65

22
22
-

72

58

-

61

87
66

51
21

■

-

-

"

“

_

21
21

16
16

-

22
22

-

51
51
-

2
2

_

-

-

12
4

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

16

1

-

'

53
38
15

-

131
127
4

-

-

-

"

"

"

~

64

169
3
166
160

-

64
-

4

6

4
4

6
-

_

12
12

-

21

-

-

18

3

11
7

10 2
15
87

1

-

-

~

-

-

-

3

66

4
4

-

3

1
1

-

2
2

-

-

P a c k e r s , s h i p p i n g ( m e n ) ___ ___________________ ____
M a n u fa c tu rin g _
------------ --------- __ —
--------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________

364
14 7
217

1. 38
— r. 3 4

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

30

14
2

20

14
-

1. 40

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

46

43

31

12

3

7

-

14

-

9
57

-

-

P a c k e r s , s h i p p i n g ( w o m e n ) _____________________ ___
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ ________________
_
____ ____ _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________

165
131
34

1. 13
1. 13
1. 13

_

_

.

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

1

3

19
14
5

12
12

-

40
34
6

13
-

"

74
71
3

-

-

1
-

-

-

2
-

-

-

1
-

13

”

~

"

~

“

“

“

R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s _____

151
73

1. 58
1. 87

.

.

.

4

16

4

1

7

5

-

1

7

11
11

_

-

14
7

19

-

9
5

8

-

18
------- 1 j -

7

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------------------

19

-

S h ip p in g c l e r k s
_ __
______________ ______ _______
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________ __________________ ______________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_______
_____ ____ „

18 8
94
94

1. 73
1. 81
1. 65

_

.
-

18
------- g—

8
2

52
36
16

7
2
5

3
-

9
7
2

16
13
3

13
13

13

~

10
3
7

S h i p p i n g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____ _______ __ __ __
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________

_____ _
__ ______
_____

105
74
31

1. 73
1. 71
1. 79

3
3

10

13

10

11

7
2
5

12
6

2
2

2
2

T r u c k d r i v e r s 3 ____ __ __ _
__
—
___ ___
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ _______ _____ ___ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
___ _____ _
__ ____________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ___ _ __
______ _ _ ____

1 ,7 9 1
438

_______

______

______________

1, 35 3
554

1.
1.
1.
2.

~

.
-

-

-

10

-

-

.
-

3
-

2
-

"

"

3

2

10

~

_
-

-

6

26
3
23

8
1
7

8
8

12

21

12

11
10

■

“

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
7

2
-

-

6

2

149

392

“

"

-

1

"

-

-

_

_

_

2

41

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

*

6

-

26
-

9

26

6

“

_

See footnotes at end of table.
* Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), communication, and other public utilities.




-

63
69
15

22

-

-

-

-

9

183

108
14
94

12

-

238

-

-

5

41
24

-

6
143

------5
146

-

17

*

57

68

14

_

n
3

-

5

-

52

5

55

3

6

------ 3~
65

44
44
-

-

6
572

4

6
7

56

25

-

-

547
523

4
4

56
4

Occupational W age Survey, M em phis, T en n ., F e b ru a ry 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
Bureau of L a b o r Statistics

8
Ta ble A -4 :

Custodial and M aterial M ovem ent O ccupations - Continued

(A v e ra g e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an a re a basis
in M em phis, Tenn. , by industry division, F e b ru a ry 1957)
N U M B E R OF WORKERS R E C E IVIN G S TRAIGH T-TIM E H O URLY E AR N IN G S OF—

O c c u p a t io n 1 an d in d u s try

T ru c k d riv e rs

3

-

d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

C o n tin u e d

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d e r

1 V2 t o n s ) __________

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________

207
26
181

Average
hourly ,
eamings

$
1. 09
1. 33
1. 06

717
228

1. 60
1. 4 8

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _________
_ ________________

489
207

1. 65
2. 09

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________

$
1. 60

$
1. 70

$
1. 80

$
1. 90

$
2 . 00

$
2. 10

$
2. 20

$
2. 30

-L ,Z Q -

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1. 50

1. 60

1 .7 0

1. 80

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2 . 30

over

-

5
5

-

1
1

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

36

205

$
0 . 70

0. 80

$
0. 90

$
1 .0 0

.4 0

. 50

. 60

. 70

. 80

. 90

1. 00

1. 10

-

-

29
2
27

5
5

4
-

-

32
2
30

-

-

96
11
85

10

-

-

4

11 4
44
70

64
64

48
4
44

147
106
41

5
5
-

13
4

12

5

-

-

*

"

-

2
2
-

72
-

26
14
12

-

24

72

20
4

-

-

-

-

75
36

20
20

and

-

-

2
-

4
-

19
-

5
-

"

2

4

19

5

37 9
52
32 7

1. 76

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

.

_

_

-

-

-

487
32 6

1. 50
1. 65

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________

161

1. 19

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( o t h e r t h a n f o r k l i f t ) _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________

63
36
25

1. 53
1. 83
1. 06

_
-

-

"

1. 0 8
1. 1 4

_

.

-

-

-

278
170
108
32

. 99
. 98

-

-

6
-

5

6

-

-

-

-

1
-

1
-

28
-

1

1

28

-

■

“

-

_

_

_

_

_

108

-

-

-

-

-

27

42
27

"

81

15

39

"

41
38
3

_

2
2

.

.

-

-

22
n r~
4

_

-

-

_

-

5
-

"

.

_

.

-

5
5

-

_

_

31

_
-

-

-

-

-

8

-

"

-

"

■

'

23

"

4
4

Data lim ited to men w o rk ers except w here otherwise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay far overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Includes a ll d riv e rs re g a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.
W o rk e rs w ere distributed as follow s: 48 at $2. 30 to $2. 40; 4 at $2. 50 and over.
T ransportation (excluding railro ad s), communication, and other public utilities.




$
1. 50

$
0. 60

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) _____________________________
M a n u fa c t u rin g

1
2
3
4
*

$
1 .4 0

$
0. 50

79

W a tc h m e n
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ ____________ ___________ __________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ___________________________________

$
1. 30

$
0 . 40

1. 55
1. 79
2 . 21

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________ __
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______________________________

$
1. 20

$
0 . 30

-

-

-

x

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d i u m ( 1 V3 to a n d
i n c l u d i n g 4 t o n s ) ______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
t r a i l e r t y p e ) ___________________________________________

$
1. 10

$
0 . 20
and
under
. 30

3
2
1

6
-

11
-

6

11
11

156
"

45
'

—

60

15

19

2

4
-------- T ~
-

-

6
-

56
56

36
-

-

6
6

-

-

10
7
3

-

46
-

12
3

46

9

6
8
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

32
21

19
19

6
6

6
6

75

_

7

75

-

7------

-

-

"

54
42
12

2
2

11

-

-

-

-

_

7
7

_
-

4
----- i ------

9

_

-

8
-------- g ~
-

-

6
6

1
1

9

'

■

■

-

_

2
2
-

_

_

-

-

13
11
2

9

3
--------- T ~
-

4
-

4
-

180
180

4
4

4

99
-

_
_
_

4 52
_

T T

99
75

3
--------- j -

-

"

52
4

"

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

9

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau*s job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau*s field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

Office

B IL LE R , MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
B iller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-M ACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-M ACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
C lass A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
C lass B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCO UNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
m ents business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c ­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does’ not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

10
CLERK,

FILE

Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
m aterial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating m a­
terial in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK,

ORDER

Receives customers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
o rd ers.
CLERK,

K E Y -P U N C H OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Perform s secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential m ail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

P A Y R O LL
STENOGRAPHER, G E N E R A L

Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

P rim ary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
w riter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include transcribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER,

Prim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Prim ary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

TECH NICAL

D UPLIC ATING -M ACH INE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters.
May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

11

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, G ENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD O PER ATO R -R ECEPTIO NIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this w orker’s
while at switchboard.

TAB U LA TIN G -M AC H IN E OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A - Perform s one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, G ENERAL
P rim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSM AN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May p re ­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSM AN,

LEADER

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or p re ­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, a id written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assignirr duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more c i i x cult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Perform s one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

and

Technical

DRAFTSM AN, LEADER - Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSM AN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

12
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T -square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

and

Powerplant

CARPENTER, M AINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, re frig e ra ­
tion, or air conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, M AINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transform ers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician*s handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREM AN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H ELPE R , TRADES, M AINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-tim e basis.

13

M ACHINE-TO O L OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, M AINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance’
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, M AINTENANCE
M ILLW RIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinists handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment.
In general, the
machinists work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed r e ­
ducers. In general, the m illwright^ work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOM OTIVE (M AINTEN ANC E)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
P A IN T E R , M AINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency.
In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

14

PIPEFITTER,

M AINTENANCE

S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M AINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fo l­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe r e ­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
rim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
eating systems are excluded.
PLUM BER , M AINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SH E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M AINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

ELEVATO R OPERATOR,

and

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker;

PASSENGER

GUARD
Perform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity 0 ?
employees and other'persons entering.

fixture maker; gauge maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and .other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ­
ances; selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or sim ilar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.




and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Movement

JANITOR,

PORTER,

OR C LEAN ER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

15

LABORER, M A T ER IAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers1 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is r e ­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other m aterials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and p re ­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
m aterials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, w a re ­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and custom ers1 houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (T ractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under 1 V2 tons)
medium { \ l/z to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer typel
heavy (over 4 tons, other th a n tfa ile r type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
"fr U. S. GOVERNMENT P RIN TIN G OFFICE : 1957 0 — 428996




Bulletins in This Series

O ccu p a tio n a l wage surveys are being conducted in 17 m ajor labor m arkets during la te 1956 and early 1 9 57. B u lle tin s for the follow ing
a re a s are now a v a ila b le and may be p u rchased from the Superintendent of D ocum ents, Goyernm ent P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington 2 5 , D. C. or from any
o f the reg io n a l s a le s o ffic e s lis te d below . A s ad d ition al b u lle tin s becom e a v a ila b le , they w ill be lis te d in su b seq u en t is s u e s .




L a b o r Market
S e a ttle , Wash.
B u ffa lo , N. Y.
C le v e la n d , Ohio
B o s to n , M ass.
D a lla s , T e x .
K a n s a s C ity , Mo.
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .
San F ra n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a lif.
P ittsb u rg h , P a .
Birm ingham , A la.
L o s A n g eles-L o n g B e a c h , C a lif.

B L S B u lle tin
Number

Survey P erio d
August 1956
Septem ber 1956
O ctob er 1956
Septem ber 1956
O ctob er 1956
D ecem ber 1956
November 1956
Jan u ary 1957
D ecem ber 1956
Janu ary 1957
March 1957

1 2 0 2 -1
1 2 0 2 -2
12 0 2 -3
1 2 0 2 -4
1 2 0 2 -5
1 2 0 2 -6
1 2 02-7
1 2 0 2 -8
1202-9
1 202-10
1202-11

P r ic e
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
20
25

c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts

Regional Sales Offices

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
18 Oliver Street
Boston 10, Mass.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
50 Seventh Street, N. E .
Atlanta 23, Ga.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
105 West Adams Street
Chicago 3, 111.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
341 Ninth Avenue
New York 1, N. Y.

tf. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
630 Sansome Street
San Fran cisco 11, Calif.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102