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Occupational Wage Survey

PORTLAND. OREGON
APRIL 19S7

Bulletin No. 1202-12

UNITED STATES D EPA RTM EN T OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagut, Comm»»*ioo«r




Occupational Wage Survey




POR TLAN D , OREGON
APRIL 1957

Bulletin No. 1202-12
U N ITED STA TES D EPA RTM EN T OF LA BO R
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clagua, Commissioner
May 1957

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office,

Washington 2 5 , D. C. -

Price 2 5 cents




Contents

Preface

Page

The Community Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regu larly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fa ll to ea rly spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A prelim inary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied.
This bulletin provides additional
data not included in the e a rlie r report. A consolidated an­
alytical bulletin summarizing the results of all of the y e a r’ s
surveys is issued after completion of the final area bulletin
for the current round of surveys.

1
3

Tables:
1:
2:

A:

Establishments and workers within scope of survey _______
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straighttime hourly earnings for selected occupational
groups, and percents of increase for selected
periods _____________________________________________________
Occupational earn in gs* A - 1: O ffice occupations ____________________________
A - 2: Professional and technical occupations_______
A - 3: Maintenance and power plant occupations _____
A - 4: Custodial and m aterial movement occupations

B: Establishment practices and supplementary
wage p rovision s* B - l: Shift differential provisions __________________________
B-2: Minimum entrance rates for women
office workers _______________________________________
B-3: Scheduled weekly hours _______________________________
B-4: Paid holidays _________________________________________
B - 5: Paid vacations ________________________________________
B-6: Health, insurance, and pension plans ________________
Appendix: Job descriptions _________________________________________

* NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations for most of these items are availa­
ble in the Portland area reports fo r June 1951, September 1952,
September 1953, A p ril 1955, and A p ril 1956.
The 1953 r e ­
port also provides tabulations of wage structure characteristics,
labor-management agreements, and overtim e pay provisions.
The 1955 report also includes data on frequency of wage pay­
ments, and pay provisions for holidays falling on nonworkdays.
A directory indicating date of study and the price of the reports,
as w ell as reports for other major areas, is available upon
request.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in the
Portland area, are available fo r the following trades or indus­
tries: Building construction, printing, local-transit operating
em ployees, and motortruck d rivers.

2

3
in r- oo O'




Introduction__________________________________________________________
Wage trends fo r selected occupational groups ______________________

11
12
13
13
14
15
17




Occupational Wage Survey - Portland, Oreg.#
Introduction
The Portland A rea is one of several important industrial cen­
ters in which the Department of Labor’ s Bureau of Labor Statistics has
conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits
on an areawide basis.
In each area, data are obtained by personal
visits of Bureau field agents to representative establishments within
six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation (excluding
railroads), communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies, besides railroads, are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having few er than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted also because they furnish insufficient employment in the occu­
pations studied to warrant inclusion. 1 W herever possible, separate
tabulations are provided for each of the broad ’.pdustry divisions.

to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) fo r which
straight-tim e salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estimates
based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore, as r e ­
lating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area, except
for those below the minimum size studied.

Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they
relate to office and plant w orkers.
The term "o ffic e w o rk ers," as
used in this bulletin, includes all office c le rica l employees and ex ­
cludes adm inistrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
"Plant w orkers" include working forem en and all nonsupervisory work­
ers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Adm inistrative, executive, professional, and technical em ployees, and
force-account construction employees who are utilized as a separate
work force are excluded.
C afeteria workers and routemen are ex­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant workers
in nonmanufacturing industries.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occupational
structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earnings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational cla s­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take accounc of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job (see appendix for listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -s e rie s tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions; (a) Office clerica l; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and m aterial movement.

Shift differential data (table B - l) are lim ited to manufacturing
industries.
This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 2 presented in term s of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used or, if no amount applied to a m ajority, the cla s­
sification "oth er" was used.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-tim e workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as for office cle ric a l occupations, reference is

Minimum entrance rates (table B-2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis.
Scheduled hours; paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statis­
tica lly on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office

* This report was prepared in the Bureau’ s regional office in
San Francisco, C alif. , by W illiam P. O’Connor, under the direction of
John L . Dana, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See table 1 for m inim um -size establishment covered.




2 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late shifts.

(i)

2
workers if a m ajority of such workers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices lis te d .3 Because of rounding, sums of indi­
vidual items in these tabulations do not n ecessarily equal totals.
The summary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al arrange­
ments, excluding inform al plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the em ployer.
Separate estimates are provided
according to em ployer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a tim e basis w ere converted; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week’ s pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's compensation and
social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com m er­
cial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or paid
d irectly by the em ployer out of current operating funds or from a fund
set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented fo r all such plans to which the
em ployer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which

have enacted tem porary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,4 plans are included only if the em ployer ( l ) con­
tributes more than is leg a lly required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law.
Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are lim ited to form al plans 5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w orker’ s pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
( l) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes re ferred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirem ent pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
w orker's life .

4 The tem porary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a form al plan if
3
Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (fir s t section it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
of
could be expected by each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
table B-3) are presented in term s of the proportion of women office
but inform al sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
workers employed in offices with the indicated weekly hours for women
w ere excluded.
T a b le 1:

E s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ie d in P o r t la n d , O r e g . , 1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d iv is io n , A p r i l 1957

Minimum
employme nt
in estab lish ­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll divisions _ _____

___________

________

________

_________

______

M anufacturing_____________________ _______ ______ ______________ _____
Nonmanufacturing __ _______________ __ _______________ __ _ ________
Transportation (excluding railroad s), com m unication,
and other public u tilitie s4 __ _______
_______ __ __ _______
W holesale trade _ ___________ _ ________________ ____ ______ ____
Retail t r a d e _______ __ __ __________________ ______________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate _______________________________
S e r v ic e s 6
_ _________ ________ _________ _ _______ __ _______

Number of establishm ents
Within
scope of
study 2

Studied

51

550

51
51

225
325

51
51
51
51
51

54
95
89
46
41

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of study

Studied

Total 3

Office

148

99, 400

17 ,3 0 0

6 5 ,4 0 0

5 6 ,1 0 0

63
85

4 7 ,7 0 0
5 1 ,7 0 0

3, 900
1 2 ,4 0 0

3 6 ,9 0 0
2 8 ,5 0 0

25, 230
3 0 ,8 7 0

20
20
23
10
12

1 5 ,0 0 0
8, 800
1 7 ,1 0 0
6, 800
4, 000

8, 200
(5)
13 ,2 0 0
(5)
(5)

1 1 ,7 0 0
3, 070
1 1 ,0 4 0
3 ,4 7 0
1, 590

2, 900
(5)
2, 000
(5)
(5)

Plant

T o ta l3

1 P o r t la n d M e t r o p o lit a n A r e a (C l a c k a m a s , M u ltn o m a h , and W a s h in g to n C o u n tie s , O r e g . ; and C l a r k C o u n ty ,
W a s h .).
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f stu d y " e s tim a te s s h o w n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly
a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the l a b o r fo r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . T h e e s tim a te s a r e not in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s ­
u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e ( l ) p lan n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d v a n c e o f the p ay p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2) s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d
f r o m the sc o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 In c lu d e s a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith to tal e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m -s iz e lim it a tio n . A l l o u tlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u ch in d u s t r ie s a s tr a d e , fin a n c e , au to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , and m o tio n p ic t u re t h e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
3 In c lu d e s e x e c u tiv e , te c h n ic a l, p r o f e s s io n a l , and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e o ffic e an d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
4 A l s o e x c lu d e s t a x ic a b s , and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r ta t io n .
5 T h is in d u s t ry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r i e s " and "n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in the S e r ie s A and B t a b le s , alth o u gh c o v e r a g e w a s in s u ffic ie n t to ju s t ify s e p a r a t e p re s e n t a tio n o f d ata.
6 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s ; r a d io b r o a d c a s t in g and t e le v is io n ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerica l
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant worker groups.
For office c le rica l workers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule for which straight-tim e salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes in straight-time hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay for overtim e and for work on week­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the num erically im ­
portant jobs within each group.
The office c le rica l data are based
on women in the following 18 jobs: B illers, machine (billing ma­
chine); bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B; Comptometer
operators; clerks, file , class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; key-punch operators; office girls; secretaries; stenographers,
general; switchboard operators; switchboard operator-receptionists;
tabulating-machine operators; transcribing-machine operators, gen­
eral; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are based
on women industrial nurses. Men in the following 10 skilled mainte­
nance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were included in the plant worker
data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; mechanics; m e­
chanics, automotive; m illw rights; painters; pipefitters; sheet-metal
workers; and tool and die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and
cleaners; laborers, m aterial handling; and watchmen.
A verage weekly salaries or average
computed for each of the selected occupations.
or hourly earnings w ere then multiplied by the
1952 and September 1953 employment in the job.
Table 2:

hourly earnings were
The average salaries
average of September
These weighted earn­

ings for individual occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an a gg re­
gate for each occupational group.
Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates fo r a given year to the aggregate for the base period (survey
month, winter 1952-53) was computed and the result multiplied by the
bftse year index (100) to get the index for the given year.
The indexes measure, principally, the effects of (l) general
salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor force such as labor turnover, fo rce expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of workers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. F or example, a force expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and r e ­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of low er paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtim e, since they
are based on pay for straight-tim e hours.
Indexes fo r the period 1953 to 1956 fo r workers in 15 major
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1188, Wages and Related Benefits,
17 Labor Markets, 1955-56.

Indexes of standard weekly s a la r ie s and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in P o rtlan d , O re g . ,
A p r il 1956 and A p r il 1957 and percents of in crease fo r selected periods
---------------------- TZdexes
(September : 1952 - 100)

Industry and occupational group
A p r il 1957

A p ril 1956

P e rc en t in crea se s fro m —
A p r il 1956
to
A p ril 1957

A p ril 1955
to
A p r il 1956

Septem ber 1953 Septem ber 1952
June 1951
to
to
to
A p r il 1955
Septem ber 1953 Septem ber 1952

June 1951
to
A p ril 1957

A ll industries:
O ffice c le ric a l (w o m e n )__
Industrial n urses (w o m e n )____________________
Skilled maintenance (men) _
__
__ __
U n skilled plant ( m e n ) __
__ _____
__ __

120.2
115.5
121.2
119. 1

116.0
113.2
115.0
113. 9

3.6
2. 1
5. 5
4. 6

5.2
4.3
4 .9
3.0

5.4
6.9
3 .9
5.4

4.7
1. 6
5. 5
4 .9

4 .6
8.4
6.8
7. 7

25.7
25.2
29.5
28.3

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le ric a l (wom en) __
__ __
Industrial n u rses (w o m e n )__
__ __ _
Skilled maintenance (m e n )__ __ __ ___ ___
U n skilled plant (men) __________________ _______

120. 7
114.8
122. 3
121.3

114.6
114. 1
115. 1
116,0

5.3
0.7
6.2
4. 6

4.0
5.0
5. 1
3. 1

5.6
7. 8
4. 7
6. 7

4.3
0 .8
4. 6
5. 5

5.0
9.4
7.4
4 .9

26.8
25. 6
31.3
27.2







s
A : Occupational Earnings
T a b le A -1: O f fic e O c c u p a tio n s
(Average straight-tim e weekly hoars and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Portland, Oreg. , by industry division, A p ril 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$
W
eekly j W
eekly j 35. 00
h rs
ou
earn gs
in
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
40. 00

$
40. 00
45. 00

$
$
45. 00 50. 00
50. 00

55. 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
95. 00 1 0 0 . 00 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . oo 115. 00 1 2 0 .0 0
and

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

$
85. 00

$
90. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0

16
8
8

38
5
33

13

1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 115. 00 1 2 0 .0 0

over

Men
-

"

-

-

1
1

2
2

14

16

-

-

-

-

12
2
2

12
2

_

-

10
10

-

_

4
4

3
3

11
11

7
3

2

4
4

_
-

3
3

16

26

-

5

16

21

30
5
25

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B ______________________________
Nonm anufacturing______________________________________

47
40

40. 0
40. 0

70. 50
6 8 . 00

C le r k s, order _______________________________________________
Manufacturing _ ________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing

255
69
186

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

8 6 . 00

94. 00
83. 50

_
-

31

40. 0

84. 00

110

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

51. 50
49. 50
52. 00

40. 0
40. 0

89. 00
$9. 50

_

.

-

-

40.
40.
40.
40.

57.
63.
56.
46.

50
50
00
50

3
3
3

_

Office boys _ ___ __
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

_

......

Tabulating-m achine operators __
Nonmanufacturing _ _

28
82
66

54

0
0
0
0

-

135
48
87
27

C lerk s, p a y r o ll_____________________________________________

40.
40.
40.
40.

$
91.
88.
93.
93.

C le r k s, accounting, class A ______________________________
M anufacturing___________________________________________
N onm anufacturing_______________________________________
Public utilities * _______ ___________________________

50
50
50
50

-

-

_

_
-

2

-

4

-

-

27

9

6
21

1
8

17
14
3

24

33

51
19
32

9
5
4

6

3

_

1

_

2

-

1

2

.
-

.
-

.
-

_

-

.
-

4
4

.

-

_
“

35
2

_

6

1

9

1

1

2

1
1

-

-

-

-

.
-

15

-

1

1

-

*

-

3
3

-

5
5

4
4

14
9

10
6

12
12

9
9
_

_
-

14
?

13

9
7
4

14
3

6

13
7

12
12

32
32
9

16

16
11

11

7

6

20
20

10
10

13
3

11
11

.
-

11
1
10

11

14

4
7

93

19

-

.

17

.

_

~
-

1

-

7
3
4

“

-

1

_

-

"

1

-

2

_

.

1
1

-

2

40
7
33

.

-

3
3

_

5

6
1
1

12

30
7
23

8

7

4
17
4

3

_

-

21

6

4
4

3

13
-

19

12
12

-

7
------ 6

3

4
3

.

2

.
-

-

2

2

-

-

Women
B ille r s, machine (billing machine) ______________________
M anufacturing___________________________________________
N onm anufacturing______________________________________
Retail trade _______ _______________________________

132
27
105
39

B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping machine) ______________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------

55
45

40. 0
40. 0

59. 00
58. 00

_

_

-

-

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A ______________
Manufacturing
_ _
N onm anufacturing_________________________ ___________

61

27
34

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5

75. 00
77. 50
73. 00

-

-

-

-

39. 5
---39. 5
40. 0

55. 50
• 2 . "do
6
54. 50
57. 50

_
-

10

116
2

112

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B _____ __ ____
454
Manufacturing
------ 51—
N onm anufacturing______________________________________
403
48
Retail trade ______________________ ___ _____ ______
C le r k s, accounting, class A ________ __ _______________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonm anufacturing______________________________________
Public utilities *
__
Retail trade ____
_______ _______________________

214
98

C le r k s, accounting, class B _____________________ _______
M anufacturing___________________________________________
Nonm anufacturing_______________________________________
Public utilities *
Retail trade
_

59 5
136
459

C le r k s, file , c la ss A __ _________ _______________________
Nonmanufacturing _ --------------------------------------------------------»

43
39

See footnote at end of table.
* Transportation (excluding railroad s),




116

31
36

66

190

communication,

0
0
0
0

40.
40.
39.
39.
40.

0
0
5
0

74. 50
7 4 .0 0
75. 00
81. 50
72. 50

40.
40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0
0

63.
64.
63.
73.
57.

0

39. 5
5 9. 3

00
50
00
00
00

6 2 . 00
62. 00

16

-

112

-

114
3

18

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

10

T2— ~ 2 E -----

11

29

11

-

29
-

11

16

8

43
28

_

_

1

6

1

55
12

-------5------

10

69
3

9

22

2

29
25
4
-

16

35

7
9
9

10

122
20
102

68
16
n>—

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

_

_

.

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

-

"

-

6
2

-3

11

2
2

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

4

13
4
9

1
1

3

-

9
9
-

11
1
10

1

2

-

-

1

2

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
‘

_
-

_
-

17
5

40
4
36

38
17

27
25

4

3

5
2

21

2
1

1
2
2

3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

2
2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
-

-

67

37
7
30
-

-

81

-

1

-

25
-

1
1

2
1

2

12
1
8

87
31
56
9
28

95
32
63
3

60
16
44
30

20

22

6

3

7

4
3

7
----- ?-----

_

1

6

12
16

14
1

-

-

58

12

6

20

3

12

3
9

-

-

-

-

-

2

3
3
-

20
2

3
_

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

46

------1
-----

Occupational Wage Survey, Portland, O reg. , A p ril 1957
and other public u tilities.
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

6

T a b le A -1 : O f fic e O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Portland, Oreg. , by industry division, A p ril 1957)
Average
N ber
um
of
w ers
ork

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

W
eeklyj

W
eekly ,
earn gs
in
(Stan
dard) (Standard)

$
35. 00
and
under
40. 00

$
40. 00

$
$
$
$
45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00

45. 00

50. 00

55. 00

15
6

13

$
$
65. 00 70. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

25

28

15

3

10

6
22

8

2
1
1

75. 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

$
85. 00

$
90. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00 1 00 . 00

$
95. 00

$

$

$

$

$

1 0 0 . 00 105. 00 1 1 0 .0 0 115. 00 1 2 0 .0 0

105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00 1 2 0 . 00

and
ove r

W omen - Continued
C le r k s, file , c la ss B
_
M anufacturing___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_ _
Public u tilities* _
_
_
.... .

257
38
219
25

C le r k s, order
_
___
Manufacturing
Nonm anufacturing_______________________________

111

$
48.
5$.
47.
57.

50
50
50
50

-

1 02
2
100

-

-

81
7
74
-

1

_
-

7
7

7
7

-

3
3
3

4
4
4

31
18
13
13

5
5
5

27
2

76
15

00

-

25
14

40. 0
40. 0

55. 50
i i . 50

-

10
10

64.
63.
64.
63.
57.

39.
40.
39.
40.

5
0
5
0

40. 0
' 4o; 0"
40. 0

_____

30
81

C le r k s, payroll
_
_ .... .............
Manufacturing _ _
_
_
.
. ..
Nonmanufacturing _
. . . . . . .
Public utilities *
_
Retail t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------------------

264
115
149
54
54

40. 0
“ 4070
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

Comptometer operators ___________________________________
Manufacturing
_
_ ....
_.
. . .. .
Nonmanufacturing
.... .... . _
Retail trade
__

461
RT8
353
113

40.
40.
40.
40.

Duplicating-machine operators (mimeograph
or d itto )____________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing______________________________________

46
39

Key-punch operators . _ ....
_ .
......
______________ ______ _
M anufacturing______________
N onm anufacturing_______________________________________
Public utilities *
_
__ _
Retail t r a d e ______ _________ __ _ _____________ „

2.36
47
189
90
32

40.
40.
40.
40.
40.

Office girls
_
...
_ _
_ ___
M anufacturing_______ ________ ___ ________ ________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________ _________

148
30
118

39. 0
40. 0
39. 0

Secretaries _____________________________________________
M anufacturing___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_
. . .
_
Public utilities * _____________________________________
___
Retail trade _

590
198
392
69

39.
40.
39.
39.
40.

Stenographers, general
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
_
...
Public utilities * _____________________________________
Retail t r a d e ----- --------- --------------------------------------------

938
247
691
108
56

Switchboard operators
...
_
. .
Nonmanufacturing
_
__
Public utilities * _____________________________________
Retail t r a d e ____ _ _ _ _ _ _
____ _ _____
____
Switchboard op erator-recep tionists _
_ _ _
.
M anufacturing___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________ ____ ____________________
Retail trade ______________ ____ ___ ___________
_

0
0
0
0

6 1 .5 0
6 6 . 50
60. 00

-

6 6 . 50
~5F750
6 6 . 50

_
_

72. 50
59. 00
63.
65.
62.
59.

50
50
50

1

29
------ 8—
21

51

46

10

21

22

30

24

12

10
6

13

23

67
4
63
9

92
36
56
15

94
17
77
45

6
b

3
3

12
12

4

9

19

75
15

61

25
7

1

1

-

2

6

1

1

13

-

-

7
-

1

1

6

2
1

47
3
44
29
7

47. 50
52. 00
46. 00

_
-

40

94

3

3

1

20

-

39

74

1
2

2
1

5*
0
5
5
0

77.
76.
77.
84.
66.

_
-

3
3
-

3
3
-

2

2

6

39.
40.
39.
39.
40.

5
0
5
5
0

65. 00

1

81

6 8 .0 0

-

-

6

1

64. 00
67. 00
53. 50

1

6

40

80

173
46
125

2
6

170
159
36
34

40.
40.
39.
40.

0
0
5
0

279

40.
40.
39.
40.

0

1 00

111
1 68

48

0

5
0

50
50
50
50
00

00
00
50
00
50

57. 00
56. 50
6 6 . 50

-

“

3 3
3
6

46

-

-

-

1

6

15

.

21
21

20
20

-

-

-

5 3 .0 0

-

-

8

60.
62.
59.
52.

_
-

_
-

25

-

-

19
13

50
00

50
50

6

31
29
4
14
71
rz
59
21

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

6
45
9
"I T T ' ------ J— ------ 5
6
35
1

35

-

0
0
0
0
0

7
5

1

2

44
27
17
11
1

45
24
21
2

3
8
------ 5— ------ 1---29
14
15

22

32

8

16

-

4
3

2
2

60

5
17

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

r~
-

27

11

8

1

2

1

10

4
7
3

-

-

-

_
_

2

3
5
5
-

_
_

10
1

9
-

-

-

-

15

14
14
-

-

"
_
-

2

17
14
27
6
21

4
1

1

16

3
-

-

-

14
3
-

_
-

1

1

"

26

56

88

19
7
-

22

30
58

87
32
55

11

-

1
------ 1-----

1

66
20

11

113
28
85
19

15

9

16

178
38
140
25

176
47
129
33

15

8

1

89
47
42
15
4

33

38
35
9
-

5
-

28

3
12
62

3B '
24
9

34
13

6
6

1

—

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
_

_

_

2
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

17

-

15
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
_
-

_
-

4
4

2

'

-

60
24
36

27

28

14

11
16

6
22

13

10

14

7

10

16

16
2

12
1
11
2

1

-

-

-

109
35
74

45

30
3
27
-

3
3
-

1

23

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
"

.

16

46

22
1

_

-

1

-

-

1

-

_
-

20

.

19
14
-

-

1
1
1

.
_

_

.
_
_

_

_
_
_

.
_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

-

_
_

_

-

_
_

30
7
44
1 ?—
23
------ 6
21—
— T5— ---- ^ ---- ------ 1 ---23
8
22
3
9
4
1

.

-

_

-

_

'
See footnote at end of table.
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x clu d in g r a il r o a d s ), c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




7
T a b le A -1 : O f fic e O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Portland, O reg. , by industry division, A p ril 1957)
Average

N U M BE R OF WORKERS R ECEIVIN G STRAIGH T-TIM E W E EK L Y E AR NINGS OF—

Number

of

Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly .
earnings
(Standard)

$
35. 00
and
under
40. 00

$
40. 00

$
45. 00

45. 00

50. 00

$
$
50. 00 55. 00

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

55. 00

$
$
85. 00 90. 00
90. 00

$
$
$
$
95. 00 10 0 .0 0 105. 00 n o .

95. 00 10 0.00

$

$

oo 1 1 5 .0 0 120.00

105. 00 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 120. 00

and
over

Women - Continued
______

26

40. 0

$
73. 00

_

1

3

_

_

2

1

6

3

6

2

Transcribing-m achine operators, general -------------------Manufacturing _______________________________ _________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________________

194
38
156

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5

60. 00
66. 50
58. 00

_

-

7
1
6

10
10

41
2
39

50
6
44

27
7
20

35
6
29

9
1
8

14
14
-

1
1
-

_
-

Typists, cla ss A _____________________ ____________________
M anufacturing___________________________________________
Nonm anufacturing_______________________________________
Public utilities * __ _________________________________

331
76
255
50

39.
46.
39.
39.

5
0
5
5

62. 50
68. 50
6 1 .0 0
62. 50

-

.
-

73
10
63
20

77
9
68
11

85
28
57
12

35
19
16
3

14
7
7
3

_
-

-

38
38
1

3
3
-

-

6
6
-

T yp ists, class B ___________________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _
Public u tilities* _
_
Retail trade
________________________________________

634
158
476
91
66

39.
40.
39.
40.
40.

5
0
0
0
0

54. 50
59. 00
53. 00
6 1 .0 0
49. 00

20
20
20

35
5
30
2

144
17
127
9
10

148
29
119
14
3

137
34
103
24
25

60
29
31
3
6

52
23
29
27

34
20
14
14

2
1
1
-

2
2
-

Tabulating-m achine operators ______ ___________

_

_
.

-

_
-

1

_

_

_
-

.

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

*

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

.
-

.
-

-

_
.

.
-

-

“

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these
* Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public utilities.

_
_
-

1

_

-

-

-

weekly hours.

T a b le A - 2 : P ro fe s s io n a l a n d Te c h n ic a l O c c u p a tio n s
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Portland, O reg. , by industry division, A p ril 1957)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Number
of
workers

Weekly, Weekly ,
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

55. 00
and

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00

28?oo

Sex, occupation, and industry division

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00 100.00

10
10
_

13
5
8
8

28
25
3
3

31
24
7
7

14
7
7
4

-

_

$
100.00 105. 00

$

105.00

$

$

$

$

n o . oo 115. 00 12 0 .0 0 125. 00

n o . oo 115. 00 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 130. 00

Men
0
0
0
0

$
1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
98. 50
95. 00

57
48

40. 0
40. 0

83. 50
84. 50

-

40
34

40. 0
40. 0

74. 50
73. 50

12
11

Draftsm en, s e n io r _____________________________________ __
M anufacturing______ _________ ______________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________ ____________ _ __
Public utilities * _
_

136
102
34
28

Draftsm en, junior _____________ _________________________
M anufacturing----------------------------------------------------------------

40.
40.
40.
40.

_

.

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

12
8
4
4

4
4

1
1

1
1

14
7

5
4

17
17

11
10

2
2

2
2

-

1
1

1

13
12

3
1

4
4

1
1

5
4

_

_

_

.

_

.

"

-

‘

-

“

-

5
5
_

12
9
3

2
2
-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

Women
N u rses, industrial (registered)
___
M anufacturing_______ _________________________




___

"

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
* Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public utilities.
Occupational Wage Survey, Portland, O reg. , A p ril 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

-

-

8
Ta ble A -3 :

M aintenance and Powerplant O ccupations

(Average hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Portland, O reg. , by industry division, A p ril 1957)
N U M B E R OF WORKERS RE CE IVIN G STRAIGHT-TIME H OURLY E AR NINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

A
verage $
hourly j 1 .6 0
earnin
gs
and
under
1. 70

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

1. 80

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

2 .2 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2 . 60

2. 70

2. 80

2 .9 0

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

1 .8 0

1. 90

- 2 , 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10

3 .2 0

3. 30

-

-

-

-

5
5
“

11
10
1

9
9
-

12
12

12
5
7

30
19
11

6
6
-

3
1
2

38
19
19

3
3

-

-

-

_

23
23

6
1

21
20

19
18

58
58

48
48

88
88

10
2

3
-

30
30

4
4

9
3

4
4

-

8
8
-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

.

.

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

C arpenters, maintenance ________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________

129
86
43

$
2 .6 3
2 .5 6 “
2. 76

E le ctrician s, maintenance _______________________
Manufacturing __________________________________

323
299

2 .6 6
2 .6 5

_

_

.

_

‘

•

"

-

E ngineers, sta tio n a ry _____________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_ .
.. .............. .... ..

242
197
45

2 .4 4
2 .4 5
2. 39

"

-

_
-

_
“

-

4
4

77
64
13

9
6
3

35
19
16

99
91
8

8
7

F irem en , stationary boiler
_ ...
_
Manufacturing __________________________________

121
103

2. 19
2 . 14

3
3

_

.

“

-

7
7

37
37

34
32

8
8

8
8

4
-

16
4

4
4

-

-

H elpers, trades, maintenance
Manufacturing __________________________________

162
141

2. 05
2. 03

_

_

46
46

67
51

4
1

4
2

_

_

_

_

-

33
33

_

“

8
8

-

-

-

51
51

2. 50
2. 50

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

16
16

.

20
20

14
14

1
1

M achin e-tool op erators, toolroom
. ....
Manufacturing ________________________________

“

_

-

_

_

214
192

2 .6 1
2 .6 3

M echanics, automotive (m ain tenan ce)__________
Manufacturing
___
Nonmanufacturing
____________________________
Public utilities * ____________________________
Retail trade _________________________________

528
102
426
319
69

2 .4 2
2 .4 0
2 .4 3
2 .4 3
2. 38

_
"

_
“

-

_

_

.

“

M echanics, maintenance _________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
____________________________

433
405
28

2. 52
2 .5 3
2. 39

M illw rights
.... ... .
Manufacturing __________________________________

173
173

2 .6 1
2 .6 1

.

O ilers _______________________________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________

83
83

2. 07
2. 07

11
11

P ainters, maintenance ____________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing

82
53
29

2 .6 3
2 .6 2
2 .6 5

_
-

P ip efitters, maintenance _________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________

89
87

2. 56
2. 57

_

Sheet-m etal w ork ers, maintenance ___________

28

2. 65

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_

_

_

14
11

23
13

14
14

64
59

32
32

36
36

4

-

11
11
-

3
3
3
-

11
11
11
-

128
34
94
35
51

320
39
281
245
18

23
8
15
15
-

23
8
15
3
-

9
2
7
7

_
-

66
66

18
18

_

4
4

-

1
1

50
50
“

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

_

39
39

31
16
15

27
25
2

94
94
“

54
48
6

57
53

_

_

_

9
9

12
12

_

151
151

_

_

1
1

52
52

15
15

1
1

_

_

_

-

'

_
“

2
2

2
2

5
5
"

14
11

3

3

35
30
5

5
5
"

~

16
2
14

_

_

_

_

_
“

_
~

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

3

-

.

_

5

_

15
14

26
26

35
35

8
8

_

-

_

_

2

_

21

_

5

“

1
1

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
■

_
-

_

.

■

“

"

4

_

8
8

-

14
14
-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_
-

4

_

“

_

-

_

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
* Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public u tilities.




‘

3. 30
and
over

-

-

“

M achinists, maintenance
Manufacturing ________________________________

_
-

$

1 .7 0

~

-

_

_

_

-

“

“

“

"

_
“

_
~

'

_

-

.

_

~

“

"

_

-

_

.

_

-

Occupational Wage Survey, Portland, O reg. , A p ril 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

9
Table A-4:

Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations

(Average hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Portland, Oreg. , by industry division, A pril 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation 1 and industry division

Elevator operators, passenger (w o m e n )_______
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
Retail trade
..........................................................

Guards ______________________________________________

Janitors, p orte rs, and clean ers (m e n )_______
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
____________________________
Public u tilities* ____________________________
Retail trade
_______________________________

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Average $
$
$
hourly 2 0 .9 0
1 .0 0
1. 10
earn gs
in
and
under
1.2 0
1^00 - 1 . IQ
....

$

S

$

1. 20

1 .3 0

1.4 0

I. 30

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

$

1.5 0

$

1. 60

$

1 .7 0

$

$
1.8 0

1.9 0

1.9 0

2. 00

$

$
2. 00

2. 10

2. 10

2. 20

1. 70

1. 80

$
1.2 1
1.21
1. 19

"

41
41
17

12
12
-

43
43
43

6
6
6

18
l8
"

8
8
"

-•

36

2. 03

_

.

_

_

_

.

4

3

4

.

.

„

1 ,0 7 6
474
602
96
183

1.6 1
1.7 7
1.4 8
1. 68
1 .4 5

16
16
3

45
4
41
12

28
5
23
16

12
2
10
3
5

242
12
230
2
20

226
46
180
32
114

201
178
23
10
11

32
19
13
9
-

63

-

45
36
-

129
ll$
10
4
-

Janitors, p orters, and cleaners (women) ______
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
__________________________
Public u tilities* ____________________________
Retail trade _________________________________

271
27
244
56
38

1. 36
1.4 6
1. 35
1.4 9
1. 13

4
4
4

_
-

L ab orers, m aterial handling
_
___
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Public utilities * ____________________________
Retail trade _________________________________

1, 035
401“
634
241
109

1.9 9
1 .9 ?
2 .0 1
2. 11
1.7 9

_
-

_
-

Order f i l l e r s ______________________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Retail trade _________________________________

830
129
701
163

1.9 7
2. 13
1 .9 5
1 .9 5

_
-

_
“
_
“
_
-

P ack ers, shipping _______________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________

271
-------- 5^
212

1.8 9
1.8 3
1 .9 0

Receiving c l e r k s ___________________________________
Manufacturing __________________ ______________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Retail trade
_
___

131
31
100
48

1 .9 8
2 .2 6
1.9 0
1. 84

_
-

Shipping clerk s
___________________________________
Manufacturing
__ _ ...
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________

128
62
66

2. 15
2 .2 2
2. 08

Shipping and receiving clerk s ____________________
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
Retail trade
_______________________________

193
81
112
38

2 .0 7
2 . 17
2. 00
2. 03

2. 30

$

2 .4 0

-

-

-

-

-

2. 30

-

2. 50

2 .4 0

"

■

-

-

-

"

2 .6 0

17

4

4

74
63
ll
2

8
8
-

-

-

-

1
1
-

.
-

.
-

-

18

-

-

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

192
37
155
150
-

41
16
25
12
"

51
4
47
-

22
22
-

_
-

126
2
124
5
2

53
17
36
13
-

34
34
33
1

2
1
1
1
-

-

4
2
2
2
-

1
1
-

2
2
-

11
4
7
7

3
3
1
2

37
28
9
2
7

23
--------g

151

-

8
8
8

17
1
16

52
3
40

305
70
235
5
21

_
-

_
-

_

"

_
“

1
1
1

21
11
10
7

4
4
1

29
6
23
20

606
28
578
93

72
72
29

27
15
12
12

57
57
-

“

~

1
1
"

12
12
"

2
2

8
8

4
3
1

.
-

1
1

16
16
"

.
-

194
------50—
164

37
10
27

_
"

_
“

_
“

_
-

-

9
9

~

_
-

_
-

5
5
1

5
1
4
"

5
5
5

2
2
2

13
1
12
12

5
5
5

58

_
-

7
4
3
3

4
4
-

-

1
1

-

5
4
1

-

-

"

"

15

14
12
2

"

“

.

.

.

.

_

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
5

181
— m ~
68
60
8

14
2
12
12

—

52
8

11
sr~
3

56
2
54

12
12
“

10
10
“

21
7
14

85
2b
65
27

21
6
15
6

6
5
1

l

2. 60

-

17
17
2
6

-

$
2. 50

-

30
4
26
25

■

$

-

-

.
-

"

-

$

-

_

_
-

2 .2 0

and
1. 60

128
128
66

“

$

7
7
7

“

.
~

_
"

_
-

13
13
-

_
“

_
"

13
10
3

13
8
5

3
3
"

4
4
”

13
13
-

9
9
-

7
7
-

2
2
-

"
.

_
"

~

See footnotes at end of table.
Occupational Wage Survey, Portland, O reg. , A p ril 1957
* Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public u tilities.
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR




Bureau of Labor Statistics

10
Table A-4:

Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations - Continued

(Average hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in Portland, Oreg. , by industry division, A p ril 1957)
NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation 1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

T r u ck d r iv e r s3
Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_
Public utilities * ____________________________
Retail trade
...
. ._

2 ,4 9 1
605
1, 886
1, 283
294

Tru ck d rivers, light (under 1 Hz tons) _______
Manufacturing
. .
Nonmanufacturing
________________________

85
45
40

T ru ck d rivers, medium
to and
including 4 tons) _ .
_
.............
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities*
_ _
_
Retail trade _ _

1, 386
252
1, 134
893
135

Tru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler t y p e ) ___________________________________
Manufacturing .
..
Nonmanufacturing __________________________
Public utilities * ________________________

635
238
397
176

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra iler type)
Manufacturing
_____________________________
Nonmanufacturing
________________________
Public u tilitie s*
. _

351
62
289
201

T ru ck ers, power (fo r k lift)________________________
Manufacturing _______ __ _____________________
Nonmanufacturing
____________________________

384
270
114

A
verage $
hourly 2
0 .9 0
earnin
gs
and
under
1 .0 0

$
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

19
22
18
15
18

2 . 02
1 .9 8
2. 06

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

14
17
13
12
15

$

$

$

$

1. 10

1. 20

1. 30

1 .4 0

1. 50

1. 60

1 .7 0

1. 80

1 .9 0

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

1. 10

1.2 0

1 . 30

1 .4 0

1. 50

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

2 .2 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1
2
1
-

247
139
108
56
-

1459
122
1337
1054
184

344
119
225
80
103

2
1
1

13
10
3

51
19
32

1
1
"

1066

1001
833
135

29
24
5
5
-

68
10
58
42

274
28
246
169

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

■

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

•

“

“

2.
2.
2.
2.

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

1.7 2
1.7 4
1.6 3

8
8

4
4

-

266
219
47

6
6
■

.

-

W atch m e n _________________________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
____________________________

-

-

'

2 .2 9
2. 30
2. 29
2 .2 5

2. 19
2 .2 2

-

-

_

-

2. 08
2 . 09
2. 08

11
8
3

-

"

.

-

-

-

"

-

-

■

.

-

-

-

-

_

3
3

-

.

$

8
6
2
2
-

_

“

20
28
18
17

$

$

-

-

51
42

2
-

2
2
13
13

~

-

~

~

"

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

■

“

~

“

“

“

12
12

_
-

10
9
1

56
38
18

21
18
3

_
_

3
-

3

-

14
14

_

_

6

-

-

-

-

197
94
103
51

-

-

-

-

-

33
33

■

“

-

-

21
21

6

"

42
40
2

-

21
18
3

"

Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Includes all d rivers regard less of size and type of truck operated.
Transportation (excluding railroad s), communication, and other public utilities.




$

$

1. 00

-

T ru ck ers, power (other than forklift) __________
Manufacturing ________________________________

1
2
3
*

$

“

_

_

1
1
1

39
30
9

8
6
2

4
2
2
2

$

$

$

79
73
6

$

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2. 30

---------- 5 3 “

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2. 60

190
95
95
90
3

94
4l
53

53
-------- T T
15

2 .6 0
and
over

57
18
39

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

■

"

"

13
13

49
34
15

8
------------ T

4
4

-

_

“

278
85
19 3
48

180
91
89
86

22
4
18

36
9
27
27

-

27
16
11

"

81
4
77

120
107
13

81
72
9

6
6

10
1

19
19

1
1

19
19

7
7

6
6

~

-

-

_
3
3
-

-

-

51
12
39
“

1
1

6
6

-

-

'

6

_

_

-

-

-

6
'

_
“

37
28
9

-

$

'

2
2

_

_

"

_

3

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3




11

B : Establishm ent Practices and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s

Table B-l: Shift Differential Provisions1
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t w o r k e r s '
(a )
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g
f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r —

S h ift d iffe r e n t ia l

S econ d s h ift
w ork

T o t a l ________________________________________________________ _______

W ith s h ift p ay d i f f e r e n t i a l ________________________________________
U n ifo r m c en ts (p e r h o u r)

.

_

_______________________

5 p ercen t
_
.. ..
...........
10 p e r c e n t
.
15 p e r c e n t _______________ _______________

...

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

S econ d s h ift

84. 2

8 .4

17. 7

15.9

8 .4

.......... ,

. ___
___ _____ ____ ___

F u ll d a y ’ s p ay f o r re d u c e d h o u rs ___________________________
F u ll d a y ’ s p a y f o r re d u c e d h o u rs plus
c e n ts d if f e r e n t ia l _
_ _
Othe r __________________________________________________ _________
No s h ift pay d if f e r e n t ia l __________________________________________

8 6 .9

8 4 .2

58. 3

. .

3 c e n t s _______
__ _________________________________________
4 ce n ts ________________________________________________________
5 c en ts ________________________________________________________
6 c en ts ________________________________________________________
7 c e n t s ________________________ ___________ ____________________
7 V2 c e n t s ________________ ____ ________________________________
8 c en ts ... ..
... ...
9 c en ts
9
c en ts _____________________________________________________
10 c e n ts ______________________________________________________
O v e r 10 and u n der 15 c en ts
15 ce n ts _______________________________________________________
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e __________________

93. 7

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

(b )
A c t u a lly w o r k in g on—

43. 2

4 .6
2 .6
7 .2
6 .0
15. 8
4. 7
.5
10. 3
3. 0
3. 6

.2
16. 9
4. 5
1. 0
6. 0
.5
2. 8
.7
10. b

6. 3

4 .9

1.9

.2

1.3
5. 1

_
3. 7
1.2

.5
1.4

-

.9
19. 8
1.6
6 .7

6. 2
23. 5
6. 4

6. 2

11-7
.4
.5
.6
1. 5
3. 8
1. 3
t
1. 5
1. 2
1. 0

'
2 .7
.5
.4
1. 1
. 1
. 1
1. 3

"

.2
-

t

1. 1

2. 1
.3

.7
.2

1. 7

1
S h ift d iffe r e n t ia l data a r e p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f (a ) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o lic y , and (b ) w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on la te
s h ifts at the tim e o f the s u r v e y . A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a p o lic y i f it m e t e it h e r o f th e fo llo w in g c o n d i­
tio n s :
( l ) O p e r a te d la te s h ifts at the t im e o f the s u r v e y , o r (2 ) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts ,
t L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t.
O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y , P o r tla n d , O r e g . , A p r i l 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

12
Ta b le B-2:

M in im u m Entra nc e Ra te s fo r W o m e n O ffic e W o r k e r s 1

N u m b e r o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s w it h s p e c i f i e d m in im u m h i r i n g r a t e in —

M a n u fa c tu rin g
M in i m u m r a t e
(w e e k l y s a l a r y )

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d

148

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

63

N u m b e r o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s w it h s p e c i f i e d m in im u m h i r in g r a t e in —

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

XXX

85

M a n u fa c tu rin g

A ll
in d u s t rie s

XXX

148

For Inexperienced Typists

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ___________
$ 3 5 .0 0
$ 3 7 . 50
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 . SO
$ 5 0 . 00
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 65. 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 . 50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

un der
under
under
un der
un der
under
under
un der
under
un der
un der
un der
un der
un der
under
un der

$ 3 7 . 50
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 5 . 00
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 60. 00
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 72. 50
$ 7 5 . 00

60

23

_

23

_

63

40

XXX

A ll
s c h e d u le s

85

40

XXX

For Other Inexperienced Clerical Workers 3

37

32

3
1
7
6
6
2
3
2
5
1
1
-

3
1
6
4
5
2
3
2
4
1
1
-

67
3
1
10
9
9
5
5
4
5
9
1
4
1

25

25

_

_

-

1
2
5
2
3
1
1
5
3
1

42

37

3
1
9
7
4
3
2
3
4
4
1
1
-

-

-

2
1
4
1
3
-

3
1
1
-

2
1
4
1
3
1
5
3
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

1

1

-

1

1

3
1
8
5
3
2
2
3
4
4
1
1
-

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m __________

51

23

XXX

28

XX X

45

17

XX X

28

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y ____________ _________________ _____________

36

17

XX X

19

XXX

35

21

XXX

14

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

D ata

not a v a ila b le

1
2
3

__________________ ____________
_
_
_
_
_
____
_ ___
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________ ______
_________________________________
_________________________________
__________________________ _____
__________________________ _____
__________________ ____________

_______________________________________________

3
1
9
7
10
1
5
3
3
10
1
4
1
1
-

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

1

1
5
-

XXX

1

1
2
5
2
3
1
1
5
3
1

"

L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d f o r h i r i n g i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t y p in g o r o th e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s . D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r the m o s t c o m m o n w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .
R a t e s a p p l i c a b l e to m e s s e n g e r s , o f f i c e g i r l s , o r s i m i l a r s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s a r e not c o n s i d e r e d .




O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , P o r t l a n d , O r e g . , A p r i l 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t ic s

13

T a b le B-3:

Scheduled W e e k ly H o u rs
P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K ER S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Pe r c e n t o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s ^ m p l o y e d i n —

W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll w o rk e rs

____________________________________________

U n d e r 37 ^z h o u r s _____________________________________
37 Vz h o u r s __________________________ ___________________
O v e r 37 ^z a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s ____________________
4 0 h o u r s _________________________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 h o u r s ________________________________________________

All
,
industries

Maiiuiacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

10 0

.

.

.

6

5

t
t

-

81

98

94

t

t

100

-

3

Manufacturing

100

Public
utilities *

100

4

_

_

t

t
t

98

-

93

100

t

100

-

95

97
3

Retail trade

10 0

100

.

13

Finance

All
industries

t

-

t

1 D a t a r e l a t e to w o m e n w o r k e r s o n ly .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e tr a d e ', r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y ,
f L e s s th a n 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c l u d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .

Ta b le B-4:

Paid H o lid a y s 1

P E R C E N T OF <
OFFICE W O R K ER S E M P L O Y E D I N —

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K ER S E M P L O Y E D I N —

Ite m
Au
z
industries

A ll w o r k e r s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id h o l id a y s __________________________________________
L e s s th a n 6 h o lid a y s
6 h o l id a y s
. . . . . . .
7 h o lid a y s
8 h o l id a y s ______________________________ ____________
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _______________________
9 h o l id a y s ____________________________________________
10 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y -----------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id h o l id a y s _______________________________

1
2
3
*

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

Finance

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

99

99

89

87

97

90

t

t

51
32

38
47

t

45
39
10
5

t

53
43

_

_
96

t

36
31
32

-

-

-

-

t

-

-

t

t

t

40
37
20

3
87

_
_

4

t

-

_
_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

t

11

13

3

10

E s t i m a t e s r e l a t e to h o l id a y s p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to th o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it ie s .




AU
industries

show n

s e p a r a t e ly .

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , P o r t l a n d , O r e g . , A p r i l 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t ic s

14

Table B-5:

Paid Vacations

P E R C E N T OF O FFICE W O R K ER S E M P L O Y E D IN —

V a c a t i o n p o l ic y
AU

industries 1

A ll w o rk e rs

.

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K ER S E M P L O Y E D I N —

Finance

AU
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
98
-

100
97

100
96
4

100
100
_

100
99
_

t

-

r

t
t

-

-

t

■

“

-

-

-

-

-

100
50
100

100
56
100

100

100
5
100

100

100
26
100

100
-

100

100
3
72
89
94
100

100
-

100
-

99
-

47
83
100
100

100
8
15
47
100

30
73
100
100

10
66
99
99

69
74
75

73
10
10
10
10
22
64
71
73

78
3
3
3
3
38
78
78
78

44

62
3
3
3
3
16
52
59
62

75
26
75
75
75

17
31
31
31

21
-

19
-

12
12
12

30
30

t

17
-

3
16

17

13
13
13

15
15

M ETHOD OF PAYM ENT

W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id v a c a t io n s
_
L e n g t h -o f-tim e paym ent
_ _ .
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t _______________________________
O th e r
_
_
. . . . . . . .. _
W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id v a c a t io n s

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y
A N D S E R V IC E P E R IO D 3

1 w eek or m o re
6 m o n th s
1 year

.............

... . ... .

2 w eek s or m o re
6 m o n th s
... . ..
..............
1 y e a r ___________________________________________________
2 y e a r s ...
3 y ears
5 y e a r s ________________________________________________
3 w e e k s o r m o r e ________________________________________
1 y e a r ___________________________________________________
.....
2 years
3 years
5 years
_ . . _
_ ..
10 y e a r s
.
..
15 y e a r s __________ ___________________________________
20 y e a r s ________________________________________________
25 y e a r s ________________________________________________
4 w e e k s o r m o r e _________________________________________

15 y e a r s
20 y e a r s ________________________________________________
25 y ears
.
.
. _
. _

2
3

s e rv ic e
re c e iv e

t
*

t
68
89
98
100
75
3
3
3
3
24

4

t

21

19

100
43
100
100
_

t
100
100
24
88
100
100
44
13
44
44

t
100

13
36
68
100
55

t
t
t
t

18
50
53
55
16

t

100

j
j

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o no t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d i v id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d i c a t e d a t
in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 5 y e a r s in c lu d e s
3 w eek s* o r m o re p ay a ft e r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
L e s s th a n 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .




31
-

10 y e a r s '
th ose w ho

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , P o r t l a n d , O r e g . , A p r i l 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t ic s

__________________
NOTE:

In th e t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t io n a l l o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , "
s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u i v a l e n t t i m e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .

15

Table B-5:

Paid Vacations - Continued

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
All .
industries 1

V a c a t io n p o lic y

Public
utilities *

Manufacturing

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Finance

All 2
industries

Public
utilities *

Manufacturing

Retail trade

P R E D O M IN A N T P R A C T IC E S A F T E R
S E L E C T E D Y E A R S O F S E R V IC E ^ * 1 y e a r o r le s s:

---------------------------------------

XXX

XX X

52

76

66

63

XXX

XXX

______

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

84

80

79

88

94
95
74

84
90
75

96
97
62

XX X

XXX

XX X

100
100
87
56

69

64

75

XXX

XXX

XX X

XX X

56

1
2
1
2

2 y e a rs o r le s s :

3 y e a rs o r le s s :
5 y e a r s o r le s s :
10 y e a r s o r l e s s :
15 y e a r s o r l e s s :

20 y e a r s o r l e s s :
25 y e a r s o r l e s s :

w eek
w eeks
w e e k ___________________
w eeks

2
2
2
2
3

w eeks
w eeks
w eeks
w eeks
w eeks

______________________
... _
___________________________
_______________ _________

2
3
2
3

w eeks
w eeks
w eeks
w eeks

____________
___________________________
_ _
___________________________

__

..

__________

70

69

62

XX X

XXX

54

62

67

90

XXX

XXX

58

XX X

XX X

XX X

73

66

66
97
80

44
96
81

100
100
74

XXX

XXX

XX X

99
99
82
68

49

52

75

XX X

XX X

56

54

92
XX X

XX X

XXX

68
XXX

XXX

XX X

86
49

XXX

51
5

44
XXX

58

62

XXX

XXX

68

45

62

XXX

2

I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv is i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T h e p a y p r o v i s i o n a p p l i c a b l e to m o r e w o r k e r s th an a n y o t h e r s i n g le p r o v i s i o n , f o r s e r v i c e up to a n d in c lu d i n g the in d i c a t e d n u m b e r o f y e a r s .
l e s s p a y f o r the in d i c a t e d s e r v i c e p e r i o d .
5 O t h e r 2 5 - y e a r p r o v i s i o n s w e r e : 3 w e e k s : 40 p e r c e n t ; 4 w e e k s :
16 p e r c e n t .
*

T ra n s p o rta tio n

(e x c lu d in g

r a ilr o a d s ),

c o m m un i c a t io n ,

a n d o th e r p u b lic

A l l w o r k e r s ____

_______________________________________

Manufacturing

r e c e iv e

m o re

or

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

P E R C E N T OF O FF ICE W O R K ER S E M P L O Y E D I N —
All
,
industries 1

w o rk e rs who

u t ilit ie s .

Table B-6:

T y p e o f p la n

E x c lu d e s

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

88

84

85

44

54

7

70
43

72
53

39
9
83
82
74
18
74
4

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K ER S E M P L O Y E D I N —

Finance

All
2
industries

Public
utilities*

Manufacturing

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

59

71

83

74

44

50

47

58

8

39

96
28

59
41

74
63

75
74

100
44

52
42

45

52

17

7

t

16

10

84
82
74
7
65
10

20
58
58
58
29
80

9
74
74
47
9
49
7

9
79
79
72
6
51
11

3
88
88
81
44
12

46
57
57
54
16
97

10
70
70
53
14
42
12

W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g :
L i f e i n s u r a n c e _____________________________________
A c c id e n t a l d e a th an d d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e __________________________________________
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o th 3 ____________ ______________
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e _________
S i c k l e a v e ( f u l l p a y a n d no
w a i t in g p e r i o d ) ___ __________________________
S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a i t in g p e r i o d ) _______________________________
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ______________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ___________ __________________
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _________ „
____ __________
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e __________________ ______
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n _______________________________
N o h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p la n _____

“

~

1 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 U n d u p l ic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w .
S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e w h i c h d e f in it e ly e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t the
m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th at c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n a n in d i v id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
t
*

L e s s th a n 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ),




c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,

P o rtla n d ,
U .S .

O r e g . , A p r i l 19S7
D EPAR TM ENT OF LABOR
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t ic s




17

Appendix: Job Descriptions

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations w orkers who are employed under
a va riety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to perm it the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau*s job descriptions may differ sign ifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau*s field representatives are instructed to exclude w ork­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learn ers, beginners, trainees, handicapped w orkers, part-tim e,
tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

Office

B IL L E R , MACHINE
P rep a res statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other cle ric a l work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, b illers,
machine, are cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:
B ille r, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, E lliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predeterm ined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
B ille r, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E lliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
G enerally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertica l columns and computes and usually prints auto­
m atically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-M ACHINE O PERATO R
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash R egister, with or with­
out a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-M ACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fa m ilia rity with
the structure o f the particular accounting system used.
D eter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under b iller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
m en ts business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c ­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, perform s one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the m ore routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several w orkers.

18

CLERK, F IL E
Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filin g
system. C lassifies and indexes correspondence or other m aterial;
may also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filin g and locating
m aterial in the file s .
May perform incidental c le rica l duties.
Class B - Perform s routine filing, usually of m aterial that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating m a­
teria l in the files .
May perform incidental clerica l duties.
CLERK,

ORDER

Receives custom ers’ orders fo r m aterial or merchandise by
m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
follow ing: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled .
May check with credit department to d eter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled , keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
o rd ers.
CLERK,

KEY-PU N C H O PER ATO R
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May v e rify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR G IRL
P erfo rm s various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m a ilers, opening
and distributing m ail, and other minor c le ric a l work.
SECRETARY
P erfo rm s secreta ria l and cle ric a l duties fo r a superior in an
adm inistrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments fo r superior; receivin g people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential m ail, and w riting routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

PAYRO LL
STENOGRAPHER, G E N E R A L

Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as w o rk e r’s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

P rim a ry duty is to take dictation from one or m ore persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
w riter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include transcribing-machine work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

C O M PTO M ETER OPERATO R

STENOGRAPHER,

P rim a ry duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
perform ance of other duties.

P rim a ry duty is to take dictation from one or m ore persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such.as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typew riter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

TEC H N IC A L

D U PLIC ATING -M AC H IN E O PER ATO R (MIMEOGRAPH OR D ITTO )
SWITCHBOARD O PER ATO R
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto m aster. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters.
May sort, collate, and staple com ­
pleted m aterial.




Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages.
May give in fo r­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
F o r w orkers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

19

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD O PE R ATO R -R E C E PTIO N IST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to perform ing duties of operator, on a single p osi­
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine c lerica l work as part of regular duties.
typing or c le rica l work may take the m ajor part of this w o rk er’s
while at switchboard.

TA B U LA TIN G -M A C H IN E OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on form s or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple w iring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A w orker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
T Y P IS T
Uses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do c le rica l work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and d is­
tributing incoming m ail.
Class A - Perform s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing
m aterial in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining m aterial from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
form ity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form .
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-M ACHINE O PER ATO R, GENERAL
P rim a ry duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple c lerica l work. W orkers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
la ry such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

D RAFTSM AN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools .as required. May p re ­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
D RAFTSM AN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or m ore draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or p r e ­
lim inary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the follow ing: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
perform ing m ore difficult problem s. May assist subordinates during




Class B - P erform s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of form s,
insurance p olicies, e tc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying m ore complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

and

Technical

D RAFTSM AN, LEADER - Continued
em ergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
D RAFTSM AN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the follow ing:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of m aterials, beams and
trusses; verifyin g completed work, checking dimensions, m aterials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, elec trica l, mechanical, or structural drafting.

20

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

M a in t e n a n c e

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

nd

Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician*s handtools and measuring
and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to f ir e L
by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

21

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance’
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinists handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinists work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed r e ­
ducers. In general, the millwright^ work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (M AINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER , MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following; Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

22

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re ­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
rimarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
eating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUM BER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

a nd

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, oi* other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die m aker’s handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

23

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or^placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers1 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, w are­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers1 houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is r e ­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under IV2 tons)
medium (1 Va to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
^

U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1957 0 — 428540




Bulletins in This Series

Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 17 major labor markets during late 1956 and early 1957. Bulletins for the following
areas are now available and may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C., or from any
of the regional sales offices listed below. As additional bulletins become available, they w ill be listed in subsequent issues.

Labor Market

Survey Period

BLS Bulletin
Number

Seattle, Wash.
Buffalo, N. Y.
Cleveland, Ohio
Boston, Mass.
Dallas, Tex.
Kansas City, Mo.
Philadelphia, Pa.
San Francis co-Oakland, Calif.
Pittsburgh, Pa.
Birmingham, Ala.

August 1956
September 1956
October 1956
September 1956
October 1956
December 1956
November 1956
January 1957
December 1956
January 1957

1202-1
1202-2
1202-3
1202-4
1202-5
1202-6
1202-7
1202-8
1202-9
1202-10

Price
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Regional Sales Offices

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
341 Ninth Avenue
New York 1, N. Y.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
18 Oliver Street
Boston 10, Mass.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
50 Seventh Street, N. E .
Atlanta 23, Ga.




U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
105 West Adams Street
Chicago 3, 111.

U. S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor S tatistics
630 Sansome Street
San F ran cisco 11, Calif.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102