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Occupational Wage Survey

LOS ANGELES-LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA
MARCH 1957

Bulletin N o. 1202-11

UN ITED STA TES D EPA RTM EN T OF LABO R
James P. M itchell, Secretary



BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Claoua, Commbaonar




Occupational Wage Survey
LOS AN G ELES-LO N G BEACH , CALIFORNIA




MARCH 1957

B u lle tin N o . 1202-11
U N ITED STA TES D EPA RTM EN T OF LA BO R
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
April 1957

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Community Wage Survey Program
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regu larly conducts
areawide wage surveys in a number of important industrial
centers. The studies, made from late fa ll to ea rly spring,
relate to occupational earnings and related supplementary
benefits. A prelim in ary report is available on completion
of the study in each area, usually in the month following the
payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data
not included in the ea rlie r report. A consolidated analytical
bulletin summarizing the results of a ll of the year*s surveys
is issued after completion of the final area bulletin fo r the
current round of surveys.




Introduction ------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends fo r selected occupational groups --------------------------

1
3

Tables:
1:
2:

A:

Establishments and w orkers within scope of s u r v e y --------Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selected p e r io d s --------------------Occupational earnings * A - l : Office o ccu p a tio n s--------------------------------------------A -2: Professional and technical occupations -----------------A - 3: Maintenance and powerplant occupations --------------A-4: Custodial and m aterial movement occupations -------

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions * B - 1: Shift differential provisions --------------------------------B-2: Minimum entrance rates for women office
w orkers ------------------------B-3: Scheduled weekly hours --------B-5:
B-6:
Appendix:

Paid va ca tion s------------------------------Health, insurance, and pension p la n s --------------------

2
3
5
9
9
H

13
14
15
16
17

Job descriptions

* NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations for most of these item s are a va ila ­
ble in the Los A ngeles-Lon g Beach area reports for January 1952,
February 1953, and for M arch in 1954, 1955, and 1956. The 1954
report also provided tabulations of wage structure ch aracteristics,
labor-management agreem ents, and overtim e pay provisions. The
1955 report also included data on frequency of wage payments, and
pay provisions for holidays falling on nonworkdays.
A d irectory
indicating date of study and the price of the reports, as w ell as
reports fo r other m ajor areas, is available upon request.
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in the Los
A ngeles-Lon g Beach area, a re available for the following trades
or industries: Building construction, printing, local-tran sit opera­
ting em ployees, and motortruck d rivers .




Occupational W age Survey - Los Angeles-Long Beach, C a lif.*
Introduction
to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) fo r which
straight-tim e salaries are paid; average weekly earnings fo r these
occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

The Los A n geles-Lon g Beach area is one of several important
industrial centers in which the Department of Labor*s Bureau of Labor
Statistics has conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related
wage benefits on an areawide basis. In each area, data are obtained
by personal visits of Bureau field agents to representative establish­
ments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation
(excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities; whole­
sale trade; reta il trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services. M ajor industry groups excluded from these studies, besides
railroads, are government operations and the construction and extra c­
tive industries. Establishments having few er than a prescribed number
of w orkers are omitted also because they furnish insufficient em ploy­
ment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. 1 W herever
possible, separate tabulations are provided fo r each of the broad
industry divisions.

Occupational employment estim ates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
a lly surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estim ates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied.
These differen ces in occupational
structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earnings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provision s
Information is presented also (in the B -s e rie s tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they
relate to office and plant w orkers.
The term "o ffic e w o r k e r s ," as
used in this bulletin, includes a ll office c le rica l em ployees and ex ­
cludes adm inistrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
"Plant w orkers" include working forem en and a ll nonsupervisory w ork­
ers (including leadmen and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
A dm inistrative, executive, professional, and technical em ployees, and
force-account construction em ployees who a re utilized as a separate
work fo rce are excluded.
C afeteria w orkers and routemen are ex ­
cluded in manufacturing industries, but are included as plant w orkers
in nonmanufacturing industries.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To obtain
appropriate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data, how­
ever, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Estim ates
based on the establishments studied are presented, th erefore, as r e ­
lating to a ll establishments in the industry grouping and area, except
for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational c la s­
sification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to
take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same
job (see appendix for listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -s e r ie s tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office c le rica l; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and m aterial movement.

Shift differential data (table B - l ) are lim ited to manufacturing
industries.
This information is presented both in term s of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 2 presented in term s of total plant w orker em ploy­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of w orkers
actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In establishments having varied differen tials, the amount applying to
a m ajority was used or, if no amount applied to a m ajority, the cla s­
sification "oth er" was used.

Occupational employment and earnings data a re shown for
fu ll-tim e w orkers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly sched­
ule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude
premium pay fo r overtim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded also, but cost-ofliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly
hours are reported, as fo r office cle ric a l occupations, reference is

Minimum entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis.
Scheduled hours; paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statis­
tica lly on the basis that these a re applicable to a ll plant or office

* This report was prepared in the Bureau*s regional office in
San Francisco, C a lif. , by W illiam P . 0*Connor, under the direction
of John L . Dana, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See table 1 fo r m inim um -size establishment covered.




2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: ( l ) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late shifts.

( 1)

2
w orkers if a m ajority of such w orkers are eligible or may eventually
qualify fo r the practices listed. 3 Because of rounding, sums of indi­
vidual items in these tabulations do not n ecessarily equal totals.
The summary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al a rran ge­
ments, excluding inform al plans whereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the em ployer.
Separate estim ates are provided
according to em ployer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as tim e payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances, payments not on
a tim e basis w ere converted; fo r example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week’ s pay.
Data are presented for a ll health, insurance, and pension
plans fo r which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer,
excepting only leg al requirements such as workmen*s compensation and
social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com m er­
cial insurance company and those provided through a union fund or paid
d irectly by the em ployer out of current operating funds or from a fund
set aside fo r this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of in­
surance under which predeterm ined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illn ess or accident
disability.
Information is presented fo r a ll such plans to which the
e m p lo y er co n tribu tes. H o w e v e r, in N e w Y o rk and N e w J e rs e y , which

have enacted tem porary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,4 plans are included only if the em ployer ( l ) con­
tributes m ore than is leg ally required, or (2) provides the em ployee
with benefits which exceed the requirem ents of the law.
Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are lim ited to form al plans5 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker*s pay during absence from work
because of illn ess.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
( l ) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of w orkers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of w orkers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes re ferred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
em ployees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
M edical insurance re fers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com m er­
cial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be
self-insured. Tabulations of retirem ent pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the
w ork er’ s life .

4 The tem porary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require em ployer contributions.
5 An establishment was considered as having a form al plan if
3
Scheduled weekly hours for office w orkers (firs t section it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave that
of
could be expected by each em ployee. Such a plan need not be written,
table B -3 ) are presented in term s of the proportion of women office
but inform al sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis,
w orkers employed in offices with the indicated weekly hours fo r women
w orkers.
w ere excluded.
T A B L E 1: Establishm ents and w orkers w ithin scope of survey and num ber studied in Los A n ge le s-L o n g Beach, C a lif. , 1 by m a jo r ind ustry d ivision , M a rch 1957

Industry division

A l l divisions

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o nm an ufa ctu rin g -------------------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------Tran sp ortation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), comm unication,
and other public utilities 4 ----------------------------------------------------------------------Wholesale trade ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------R etail trade (excluding department stores) ----------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real estate ------------------------------------------------------Services^(excluding motion p ic tu re s )7 ---------------------------------------------------Motion pictures 8 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

M inim um
employm ent
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

_

W orkers in establishments

Num ber of establishments
W ithin
scope of
s tudy 2

W ithin scope of study

Studied

Studied
Total 3

Office

Plant

T o t a l3

973, 500

204,800

592,200

478, 820

101,500
103,300

396, 800
195,400

304,890
173,930

48,500
25,900

65,530
15,920
20, 770
36,220
18,740
16, 750

2, 179

301

101
-

956
1,223

111
190

604,900
368, 600

101
51
101
51
51
51

80
358
208
204
337
36

22
46
25
37
46
14

80,500
60,000
84,200
63,500
58,400
22,000

16,900
18,700
(5)
45,700
11,000
3,200

6
6

(5)
3,200
32,000
15,300

1 Los A n ge le s-L o n g Beach M etropolitan A re a (Los Angeles and Orange Counties).
The "w orkers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of
the size and composition of the labor force included in the su rve y.
The estimates are not intended,
however, to serve as a basis of com parison with other area employment indexes to m easure em ploy­
ment trends or levels since ( l ) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from
the scope of the su rve y.
2 Includes a ll establishments with total employment at or above the m in im u m -s iz e lim itation.
A ll outlets (within the a rea) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto re p a ir se rvice,
and m otion -p icture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
3 Includes executive, technical, professional, and other w orke rs excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
4 A lso excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to w ater transportation. Los An ge le s’ e lectric utilities are m u nicip ally operated and, therefore, excluded b y definition from the
scope of the studies.
5 This industry division is represented in estimates for "a ll ind ustrie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A and B tables, although coverage was insufficient to justify separate presentation of data.
6 Estim ate relates to rea l estate establishments only.
7 Hotels; personal se rvices; business se rvices; automobile re p a ir shops; radio broadcasting and television; m o tion -p icture distribution and m otion -p icture theaters; nonprofit m em bership organizations;
and engineering and a rch itectu ral se rvic e s.
8 M o tio n-pictu re production and services independent of m o tion -p icture production but allied thereto.




3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
The table below presents indexes of salaries of office clerica l
workers and industrial nurses, and of average earnings of selected
plant w orker groups.
F o r office cleric a l w orkers and industrial nurses, the indexes
relate to average w eekly salaries fo r norm al hours of work, that is,
the standard work schedule fo r which straight-tim e salaries are paid.
F o r plant w orker groups, they measure changes in straight-tim e hourly
earnings, excluding premium pay fo r overtim e and for work on w eek­
ends, holidays, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the num erically im ­
portant jobs within each group.
The office c le rica l data are based
on women in the follow ing 18 jobs: B ille rs , machine (billing m a­
chine); bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B; Comptometer
operators; clerks, file , class A and B; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
ro ll; key-punch operators; office g irls; secreta ries; stenographers,
general; switchboard operators; switchboard operator-receptionists;
tabulating-machine operators; transcribing-m achine operators, gen­
eral; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are based
on women industrial nurses. Men in the follow ing 10 skilled mainte­
nance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs w ere included in the plant w orker
data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; mechanics; m e­
chanics, automotive; m illw rights; painters; pipefitters; sheet-m etal
w orkers; and tool and die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and
cleaners; laborers, m aterial handling; and watchmen.
A verage weekly salaries or average hourly earnings w ere
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings w ere then m ultiplied by the average of February
1953 and March 1954 employment in the job.
These weighted earn­
T A B L E 2:

ings fo r individual occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an a g g re ­
gate for each occupational group.
Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates fo r a given year to the aggregate fo r the base period (survey
month, winter 1952-53) was computed and the result multiplied by the
base year index (100) to get the index fo r the given year.
The indexes m easure, principally, the effects of ( l ) general
salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other increases in pay received
by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) changes in the
labor fo rce such as labor turnover, fo rce expansions, force reduc­
tions, and changes in the proportion of w orkers employed by estab­
lishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can
cause increases or decreases in the occupational averages without
actual wage changes. F o r example, a fo rce expansion might increase
the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and r e ­
sult in a drop in the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion
of low er paid workers would have the opposite effect. The movement
of a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights elim inates the effects
of changes in the proportion of w orkers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay fo r overtim e, since they
are based on pay for straight-tim e hours.
Indexes for the period 1953 to 1956 fo r w orkers in 15 m ajor
labor markets appeared in BLS Bull. 1188, Wages and Related Benefits,
17 Labor Markets, 1955-56.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Los A n g ele s-L o n g B each, C a lif.,
M arch 1957 and M arch 1956, and percents of in crease for selected periods
Indexes
(Febru ary 1953 = 100)

Industry and occupational group
M arch 1957

A ll industries:
Office cle rica l (w o m e n )----------------Industrial nurses (w o m e n )-----------Skilled maintenance (men) -----------Unskilled plant (men) --------------------

120.
119.
119.
119.

Manufacturing:
Office cle rica l (w om en)----------------Industrial nurses (w o m e n )-----------Skilled maintenance (men) -----------Unskilled plant (m e n )---------------------

120. 2
120. 3
119. 8
1 1 7 .9




5
5
4
6

M arch 1956

113.
112.
114.
113.

5
8
8
6

113. 7
114. 2
1 1 5 .2
112. 9

P ercent in creases from ---January 1952
to
F ebruary 1953

6
5
0
6

4 .6
5 .4
5. 5
6. 0

7 .2
5. 7
6 .2
7 .9

2 9 .2
2 6 .2
2 6 .9
29. 1

3. 6
2. 5
2 .9
3. 5

5 .2
6 .8
5. 8
4 .9

8.
5.
6.
7.

3 0 .4
27. 1
2 7 .9
26. 8

M arch 1955
to
M arch 1956

6 .2
6 .0
4. 0
5. 3

4. 7
4. 3
5. 6
3 .4

3.
2.
3.
3.

5.
5.
4.
4.

4. 3
4. 3
5. 8
3 .9

8
3
0
4

January 1952
to
M arch 1957

F ebruary 1953
to
M arch 1954

M arch 1954
to
M arch 1955

M arch 1956
to
M arch 1957

5
7
7
6




A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-l: Office Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in L os A n g e le s-L o n g Beach, C a lif. , by industry division, M arch 1957)
Average
N ber
um
of

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W
eekly j

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
W
eekly j 35. 00

(Standard) (Standard)
40. 00

$
40. 00

$
45. 00

$
50. 00

$
55. 00

$
60. 00

$
65. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

%

80. 00

$
85. 00

$
90. 00

45. 00

50. 00

55. 00

60. 00

*
65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

95. 00 100.00

$
$
95. 00 1 0 0.00
105. 00

$
$
$
105.00 110.00 115.00

$
120.00

110.00 115.00 120.00

and
over

Men
C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A _______________________________
M an ufacturing____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________________
Public utilities *
......
... _
W holesale trade ______________________________________
Finance ** __________________________ _________________

955
559
396
61
204
56

40.
40.
39.
40.
39.
39.

0
0
5
0
5
0

89. 50
89. 00
90. 00
88. 00
9 1 .0 0
86. 00

_

-

_

.
_

-

-

-

-

-

15
6
9
5
4

-

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss R
.
....
..
... ...
M an ufactu ring____________________________________________
N onm anufacturing________________________________________
Public utilities *
.
.
. _

233
96
137
39

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

76.
74.
77.
72.

00
50
00
00

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

11
1
10
-

16
6
10
2

57
25
32
20

23
13
10
2

C le r k s, order
....
..
_ .............................
_ ...
Manufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_ .........
.
. _
.
........... .
W holesale trade _______________________________________

1 ,7 5 9
451
1, 308
1 ,2 1 9

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

88.
90.
87.
87.

00
50
00
00

-

-

-

_
-

-

7
7
-

no

-

-

22
22
22

"

-

-

C lerk s, payroll
M an ufactu ring____________________________________________
N on m anufacturing________________________________________
Motion pictures _______________________________________

340
217
123
61

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

90. 50
86. 00
98. 50
1 0 9 .5 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
"

Office boys ___________________________________________________
M an ufactu ring____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_ ....
._
___
W holesale trade _ _
_____
Finance * * _____________________________________________
Motion pictures
._ ..................

603
240
363
88
138
68

39.
40.
39.
39.
39.
40.

5
0
0
5
0
0

58. 00
60. 50
5 6 .0 0
56. 50
51. 50
62. 50

16
16
16
-

14
14
14
-

85
35
50
10
27
-

Tabulating-m achine operators ____________________________
M an ufactu ring____________________________________ ______
N onm anufacturing________________________________________
Public utilities * _______________ _____________________
W holesale trade ______________________________________
Finance ** _____________________________________________
Motion pictures _______________________________________

1, 126
643
483
51
157
167
56

40.
40.
39.
40.
40.
39.
40.

0
0
5
0
0
0
0

85. 00
84. 50
85. 00
84. 50
85. 00
80. 00
10 0 .0 0

-

-

-

B ille r s , machine (billing machine) _______________________
M an ufactu ring____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade ______________________________________

876
157
719
188

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

00
50
00
50

-

-

-

27
27 l-

B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping machine)
M an ufactu ring____________________________________________
N onm anufacturing________________________________________

129
65
64

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

70. 00
73. 00
67. 00

-

-

-

3
3
-

26
26

Bookkeeping-machine op erators, c la ss A _______________
Manufacturing ____________________________________________
N onm anufacturing________________________________________
W holesale trade
.. __

536
246
290
124

40.
40.
40.
40.

79.
79.
78.
80.

“

-

“

-

-

_
-

_
_

105
62
------ 53 - ------ gO 25
12
2
13
_
10
1
9

60
36
24
_
18
-

14
2
12
9
_
3

23
1
22
3
7
-

24
24
_
_

23
23
_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

130
26
104
70

73
42
31
31

6
6
6

56
32
24
24

-

21
5
16
16

17
5
12
6

30
2
28
28

11
4
7
7

6
4
2
2

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

252
161
91
5
52
14
8

61
12
49
_
13
16
13

47
20
27
2
11
14

-

30
30
30

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

1

6
2

-

1

_
-

.
-

-

-

133
64
69
47

66
30
36
10

15
11
4
1

17
17
17

11
11
“

4
-

“

-

“

171
125
46
21
4
14

204
93
111
9
72
1

50
32
18
12

17
1
-

19
1
18
3

37
37
-

-

56
56

187
23
164
164

541
130
411
371

314
29
285
277

146
48
98
98

167
60
107
100

29
29
-

5
3
2
-

62
54
8
1

49
30
19
-

45
36
9
-

30
16
14
-

34
29
5
1

104
52
52
14
17
15

65
44
21
4
5

39
14
25
1
10

21
11
10
6
4

_
-

3
3
-

_
-

-

-

11
11
6
5
-

22
7
15
12
-

79
30
49
13
32
-

106
81
25
3
13
9
-

135

192

180
113
67
15
20
15
8

204
23
181
43

300
61
239
64

140
20
120
17

81
40
41

10
2

102
l6
86
27

54
42
12
12

125
72
53

141
115
15 ------ 65“
100
75
18
39
36
24
1
33
-

_

54

—

16

n r — n r

63
3
25
30
-

61
23
8
23
1

9

42
5
37
13

42
6
36
12

48
32
16

30
18
12

114
140
33 -------85“
81
54
4
54
34
13
11
2
2
-

-

8
9
5 ---------r
3
6
1
6

"

13
11
- --------- 5~
5
11
7
_
2
3

Women

0
0
0
0

65.
66.
65.
68.

00
50
00
50

See footnote at end of table.
* Transportation (excluding railroad s), com m unication, and other public utilities.
** Finance, insurance, and real estate.




N O TE :

_

-

1
1
6
5

9
-

9

1
0

8

8

4

-

Occupational Wage Survey, L os A n g e le s-L o n g Beach, C a lif. , March 1957
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

Data for nonmanufacturing do not include inform ation for department sto res; the rem ainder of retail trade is
appropriately represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing. "M otion p ictu re s" r efe rs
to m otion-picture production establishm ents (Group 7 811) and m otion-picture service industries (Group 7821)
as defined in the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual (1949 edition) prepared by the Bureau of the Budget.

6
Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Los A n g e le s-L o n g B each, C a lif ., by industry division, M arch 1957)
Average
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

$
W
eekly j 3 5 . 0 0
earn gs
in
(Standard) (Standard)
4 0 .0 0
W
eekly

$
4 0 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

-

5Q..QQ

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

5 5 .0 0 - 6 Q.QQ

65J3Q

7 0 .0 0

743
743

650
61
589
45
471
49

228
65
163

74

$
$
$
7 0 .0 0 - 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0
_SQ._Q6. 8 5 .0 0

$
8 5.0 0

9 0 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 11 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0
and
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 over

Women - Continued
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 3 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

3
3
_
3

-

-

8 0 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0

_
-

-

-

-

-

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

6 7 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
5 7 .5 0

_
_
_

21
21

66.0 0

214

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

3,b 38
1, 336
2, 302
130
346
1 ,4 8 6
249

3, 325
472
2 ,8 5 3
251
2 ,3 6 4

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A _______________________________
Manufacturing ..................
.
_
... .
Nonmanufacturing
._ _
Public u tilitie s*
. ..
.................... ...
W holesale trade
. ..
. ........
. ...........
Finance **
_
.
............. .
Services (excluding m otion p ictures)
Motion pictures
....................................
.
_ _

2 ,0 9 4
1 ,0 7 5
1,0 1 9
165

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B ______________________________
Manufacturing
.. ..........
. . . . .
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities *
W holesale trade
......
F in a n c e**
_
_
S ervices (excluding motion p ictures)

3 ,2 5 3
1 , 5 32 ’
1,7 21
312
389

C lerk s, file , c la ss A . ..
_
.
. ............ ..
.......
Manufacturing
_. .
Nonm.aoufac.tur in p .....................
W holesale trade
Finance ** _____________________________________________

581
191
390

C lerk s, file , c la ss B
.
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturinp
..........................
Public u tilitie s*
_
W holesale trade
Finance **
S ervices (excluding m otion pictures)

122

...

.

Com ptom eter operators
Manufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ...
___
___
Public utilities *
.
..
W holesale trade

2

718
3
2

738
21

717
33
611

64
29

-

-

389
98
291
26

21

156
n
145
_
4
139

-

-

-

2

218
17

6 7 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
5 8 .5 0

_

_

12

58

116

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

5 5 .5 0
6 3 .0 0
5 0 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
5 5 .0 0
4 7 .5 0
5 2 .5 0

676
390
286
188

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 88

213

_
_

26

15

1
12

10

_

4

5

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

70
52
18
18

116
81
35
31

53
36
17
13

40

63
4
59
59

25
18
7
7

4
4

_
_
_

-

224
153
71
5

250
166
84

222

116

41
75

72
40
32

16
7
9

9

15

10
11

17
14
32

144
78
14
19
3
17

72
48
24

_

-

-

139
-

333
17

42
521
54

Ill
363
115

7 3 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
74. 50
8 0 .5 0

-

-

-

10
10

97
49
48

67
30
37

577
77
81
79
175
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 6 .0 0
75. 50
77 . 50
74. 50
7 9 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
74. 50
1 0 0 .5 0

_
_

2 ,2 3 7
730
1 ,5 0 7
79
742

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 2 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
6 8 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

10

18
24
12

66

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

21

131
94
37
3

_

_

_
_
_
_

83
29
54
13

159
99

184
118

_

_
_

2
2

66
1
8
20

-

-

-

60
10
8
21
12

30

21

91
3
31

12

7

14

20

4
4

96
78
18
9
-

21

282
66
2 22

364
119
245

23

8

126

149

387
2 01

186
5
104

490
~ 2TS
272
10

182

68

76
35
12

13
14
“

214
43
-----S T - ------- 7—
152
36
_
102
34
10
_
_
1

29
-

29
17
3
13

1

and other public u tilities.

-

21
2

_
_

"

_
_
_
.

21
6

500
426
72

"

.
_
_
_
_
_

106
78
28

478
119
359
46
155
91
36

2
1

_
_
_
_
_
_

621
537
84
43
9
15
15

742
125
617

-

_
_
_
_

50
23
27

663
42
621

262
19
243
17
33

_
_

93
65
28
7
19

354
354

-

1

3
_
_
_
17

93

139
139

15

-

1

61

12

15

_

88

-

-

1

20

433
266
167
83
31
36
13

21

_
-

1

2
1

447
301
146

72
7
48

_

20

1

24
_
_
_
_
24

645
325
320
46
108
51

-

32

97
63
34
_
14
_
_
18

824
460
364
34
85
157

116

-

170
41
129

-

-

1

-

-

58
_
55

_

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

-

-

38
32

12

-

_
_

-

-

83
4

10

-

-

144

_
_

_
_
_
_

16
10

-

34
70

639
436
203
36
30
44
64
4

_
_
_
_

22
26

-

-

-

_
_
_

l
_
_

10
9

459
266
193
50
32
48
56

-

101

-

_
_
_

5
_
5
_
_

39
— n r~
24
24
_

279
183
96

-

63
63
_
_
63

45
45
_
_

152
13
139

2

72
23
30

2

78
74
4
4
_

-

2

-

285
227
81

127
82
45

2

27
-

100

75

_

217
117
57
40

2

27
-

162

See footnote at end of table.
* Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), com m unication,
* * Finance, insurance, and real estate.




442
442
_
442

1 ,4 2 6

.. .....

C le r k s, order ________________________________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade
_ _
...................... ........
C le r k s, payroll
Manufacturing .. .
Nonmanufacturinp .
_
Public utilities *
. _
._
................
W holesale trade
Finance **
__ .
.
... . ................. ..
S ervices (excluding motion pictures)
Motion pictures ....

$
6 0 .0 0
74. 50
5 7 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
5 5 .5 0
6 0 .5 0

_

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss B ____
Manufacturing
....
_
....
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade ______________________________________
Finance ** ____________________________________________
Services (excluding m otion pictures) _
__

188
89
99
7
83

2

15
_
47
15
15
15
_
_
_

3
------- T ~
1

_
_
_

25

2

_
_
_
1

_

_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

19
4
15
9
-

8

l
-

6

_

_
_
_
_
_

12

28
28

_
1

-

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

1

_

_

8
6

1

6

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

11
2

15

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

1
_
_
_

-

-

_
_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

7

15

_

_

2

13

6

_

_

_

6

1
1
1

_

_

2

15
5

4
3

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

11

18
14

_

130
24

115

106

115

_
_

4

7
26

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

38

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

4
_

_

_

7

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a li f . , by in d u s t ry d iv is io n , M a r c h 1957)

Avebaqe
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER O WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
F

$
W
eekly,
W
eekly j 3 5 .0 0
hou
rs
earnin
gs
and
(Standard) (Standard)
40 no

$
4 0 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

106
89
17

32
28
4

$
$
$
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 10 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0
and
1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 11 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0
over

W omen - Continued
Duplicating-m achine op erators
(mim eograph or ditto) ________________________________ __
Manufacturing ____________________________________________
N o nmanufa c tur ing ______________________________________

263
14b
117

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

Key-punch operators ______________________________________
Manufacturing ...
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities *
____
_
W holesale trade _____________________________________
Finance * * ___________________________________________
S ervices (excluding motion pictures)
___
Motion pictures
................... .

2 ,5 8 1
'i;39-9
1 , 182
186

Office g ir ls
___ .
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________________
W holesale trade _____________________________________
Finance ** _
_ ....
S ervices (excluding motion p ictures) _
Motion pictures .

1 ,0 1 3
415
598
113
305
63
28

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

Secretaries __________________________________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
.
..... .. ........
... .
Public utilities *
__ _______________________________
W holesale trade _
. . .
Finance * *
...... ....
. . _ _
.
S ervices (excluding motion pictures)
_ _
_
Motion pictures

9 ,3 5 7
4 ,8 8 2
4 ,4 7 5
452
799
1 ,5 2 3
947
504

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

Stenographers, general
_ ..........
Manufacturing
.
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities * ____________________________________
W holesale trade
........
. ....
Finance ** __ ________________________________________
S ervices (excluding motion p ictures) ___________
Motion pictures

9 ,0 9 3
4, 176
4 ,9 1 7
424
658
2 ,2 5 9
964
338

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

Stenographers, technical
Manufacturing
.
.
. _
Nonmanufacturing ____ ___ _________________________
Finance ** ___________________________________________
S ervices (excluding motion pictures)
Motion pictures _____________________________________
Switchboard operators
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities *
W holesale trade
_
.
_
Finance ** ___________________________________________
S ervices (excluding motion p ictures) ___________
Motion pictures _____________________________________

S ee fo o tno te a t end o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .




261

446
92
71

570
267
303
115
120

40

3 9 .5
"W 3 3 ----3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
6 3 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
5 8 .5 0

_
_
-

5 6 .0 0

_

61.0 0

5 2 .5 0
54. 50
4 9 .5 0
5 4 .0 0
54. 50
8 4 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
88.00

8 2 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

1

2

45
25

13

39

20

_
_
-

8

10

-

52
52

180
180

2

21
2

399
197

407

6 26

2 26

2 02

447
179
23
59
35

142

-

_
42
-

11

18
32
108
24

-

-

-

-

218
28
190
32
139
17

241
87
154
15
96

2 22

66

126

_
-

76
32
44
7
37
_

-

-

-

14

_

_

_

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

-

10

_
10

-

-

-

_
-

16
16

15
15

68.0 0

8 8 .5 0

-

7
1

4
_

_

2

4
_
-

2

61
11

2 01

2

168

_
_
_

50
_
_
49

640
169
471

2

1

_
30
70
62
-

113
208
134
-

16

137
14
123
6

-

1

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
_

_

-

66.0 0

-

_

-

_

-

33

8

529
48
481
26
56
272

1 19 0

1777

316
874
52
51
560

6 ll
1 16 6
66

121

201

-

-

42
_
42
38

21

1

1

159
557
254
5
35

_

-

21

35
30
4

18

-

-

~

166

281
40
241
15
32
98
53

-

60

_
_
_

_
_
_
60

166
2

162
2

_
36
128

25
72
55

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

"

-

"

-

78

68

20

20

58
24
19
_

3
3
_
_
_
3

5
5
_
_
_
5

.
_
_
-

.
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

.
_

-

-

-

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

8

436
291
145
35

317
198
119
36
38
_

-

8

1

48
_
4
_
-

10

17

14

20

14

11
11

9
9
_
_
_
_

9
9
_
_
_

61

28
3

12
2
2

_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

1752
945
807
39
169
381
179
3

2195
1425
770
105
138
282

1581
1054
527
108
72
140

922

488

495
427

298

168

102

31

65

1970
1270
700
128

842
48 5
357
62
92

268
71
197
41
63
57
34

-

-

670
322
348
31
45
132
132
2

2080
1253
827
78
142
420
123
11

54
27
27
8

18

-

98
98
_
_
15
79

190
28

-

8

1

60
-

u t ilit ie s

12

73
44

-

_

9

12

_
_

-

-

114

20

14

-

21

46

_
_

_

26
2

58
164
42
32
28
13

16

8 2 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

an d o th e r p u b lic

41

8

8

181
27
46
81
19
-

_
_
_

7 7 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

14

8

7 1 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
6 9 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

6 7 .0 0
3 9 .5
1,8 4 9
552 "4 0 7 5 — ” '7 4 . 5 0 '
1,2 9 7
3 9 .5
6 4 .0 0
170
4 0 .0
7 3 .0 0
182
4 0 .0
6 8 .5 0
325
3 9 .0
6 2 .0 0
433
3 9 .5
5 4 .0 0
112
3 9 .5
8 7 .5 0

c o m m u n ic a t io n ,

-

252
140
112

46
23
24
7

111

208
139
52
87
12

75
17
54
3

122

37
36
78
42
36
1

31

306
105
2 01
6

46
16
18
115
70
47
23
3

-

8
8

2 68

158

75

134
134
64

120

12

38
-

21
22

12
1

63
_
_
_

9
18

4
15

-

107
63
35

76
70
50
52

436
115
321
35
28
47
27
156

104
33
71

47
19
28

70
17
53

_
_

_

1
10

_
-

_
_
_

50

27

66
112

80
63
17
3
8

25
4
21

6

1

_
3

62

12

_

190
20

1

84
73

16
37

_
5

9
9
9

_

8

11

_
_
_
-

3
5
_
5

-

169
67

153
39
114
_

102

40
7
29
5
21

2

5
21
86

-

_
_
_
_

_

_

_
-

_
_
_
_

20
2 —

18
_
7
_
_
5

67
rs
52
_
_
3
1

48

5
5

5

_

_

-

-

_
_
_

5

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

-

-

_
_
_
-

-

5

-

_

4
3

5
5
_
-

-

_
_
_
-

1

_
1

_
_
_
-

1
-

1

-

5

1

_
_
_
_
-

_
-

_
-

8
Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a li f . , b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M a r c h 1957)

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours'1
(Standard)

N U M B E R OF WORKERS R E CE IVIN G STRA IGH T-TIM E W E E K L Y E AR NING S OF—

Weekly
(Standard)

$
3 5 .0 0
under
4 0 .0 0

$
4 0 .0 0
4 5 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

“
5 5 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0
60.0 0

6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

"
7 5 .0 0

“
8 0 .0 0

~
8 5 .0 0

~

6 5 .0 0

"
7 0 .0 0

”
9 5 .0 0

$

9 0.00

$
$
$
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0
and
■
■
“
■
1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 11 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0
over

W omen - Continued
_

8

5

8

61.00

_

8

5
5

6 3 .5 0

-

-

3 9 .5
TE T ~ 4 6 .0
2 12
3 9 .0
87
3 8 .5

8 2 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

_
-

_
-

6 3 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
6 4 .0 0

-

1 ,6 6 0
825
835
48
260

198
208

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

O
o

Nonmanufacturing
... . ....
Public u tilities * _____________________________________
W holesale trade
_
.
_ _
Finance * *
__
_
__
Services (excluding m otion pictures)

00

Switchboard o p er ator-recep tion ists

6 8 .5 0
6 7 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

Tabulating-m achine op erators ___________________________
Manufacturing _ _
_
_
Nonmanufacturing
... .
Finance * *
_ .
. .. _ ...
.

435

T ran scrib in g-m achin e op era to rs, general ____________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
__
___
Whole sale trade _____________________________________
Finance **
.
.........................................

759
T98~
561
89
111

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

T y p ists, c la ss A
__
. __ _ _
Manufacturing
_
_
_ _ •
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities * ____________________________________
W holesale trade
Finance ** _ ___________________________________ ____
Motion pictures _____________________________________

3 ,0 1 1
1 ,5 8 4
1 ,4 2 7
226
239
810
48

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

6 9 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
6 4 .5 0

T yp ists, c la ss B _________________________________________________
M an ufactu ring______________________________ ___________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Public utilities * ____________________________________
Whole sale trade _______________ ____________ __ _
Finance * * _______________ ________________________ _
Services (excluding motion pictures ) ___________

8 ,2 3 3

3 9 .0

5 9 .0 0
6 3 .5 0
5 6 .0 0
6 4 .5 0

T , (F6T

5, 168
153
562
3, 399
805

“1DTTJ-----

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

66.00
61.00

68.00

6 9 .5 0
6 0 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

6 2.00

5 4 .5 0
5 6 .0 0

-

122

362
1 99
163

-

29
37

17
56
39

47
59
46

5
5
-

_
-

_
-

-

77

321
196
125
3
65

327
179
148

10

2

33

32

31
7
24

37
20

-

17
17
5

16

6

53
53
50

188
60
128

215
98
117

8

21

72

62

164
24
140
55
51

62
2
60
1
20

130
130

312
312

641
426
215

6

61

456
30T~
152
34

124

40
195
-

489
128
361
38
38
240

1541

2101

381
1720
47
208
984
379

8

8

-

_
-

8

-

_
_

-

51
51
51
-

48

335

560

-

-

132

m

335

428

1230
5
9
994

48
-

-

12

48

329
6

348
59

1 S t a n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
* * F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .




11
66

2 11

s t r a ig h t -t im e

192
70

s a la r ie s

2

22

37
131

"

“

1891
1034
857
31
194
503
101

724
403

321
27
66
135
31

an d the e a r n in g s

2

91

17

61

216
122

94
30
7
_
9

94
25
69

39
13
26
_

10
8
2

9

_

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

.

_
_
_
_

I
_
_
_

-

-

2

_

_
_
_

7
_
7
_

9

-

-

-

-

-

87
44
43
14

65
58
7

54
30
24
4

21

17

1

5
18
4

2

-

15
2

1
1

5
5

10
2
8
2

2

2
1

13
13
_
13

_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

6 88

144

26

4o

70
59

104

11

4
4
-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_

-

_
-

“

"

-

“

11

15
29
3

11

94
54
40
33
44
12

32

613
75
4
27

45
3

22

897
763
134
37
28
50

78
41
37

11

7

18

2

2

_

10
16

61

-

-

26

2

8

2
12

7

8

52

_

6

-

-

52

6

-

7

38

-

8

-

-

~

-

6
-

"

c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .

_

_

_

1

_
_

_

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

_

_

-

-

“

9

Table A -2‘ Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
in L os A n g e le s-L o n g B each, C a li f ., by industry d ivision, M arch 1957)
Ave IA E
G
N ber
um
of
w ers
ork

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
65. 00
and
under
70 00

W
eeklyj
W
eekly Under
earnin 1
gs
(Standard) (Standard)
65. 00

$
70. 00

$
75. 00

$
80. 00

$
85. 00

75. 00

80 00

85. 00

90 00

$
90. 00

$
$
$
95. 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 ? 0 5 .0 0 f l O . 00 1 1 5 .0 0 ? 2 0 . 0 0 ? 2 5 . 00 f 3 0 .0 0 f 35.00 140. 00 ?45.00
and
95. 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 130. 00 1 3 5 .0 0 140.00 1 4 5 .0 0 over

Men
40. 0
40. 0

$
141. 50
1 4 2 .0 0

-

2, 750
2 ,4 0 8
342
56

40 .
40.
40 .
40 .

0
0
0
0

103. 50
1 0 1 . 00
1 2 2 .5 0
105. 00

5
5
5

D raftsm en, junior _________________________________________
Manufacturing ____ ____________________________________

1, 229
1, 051

40. 0
40 . 0

83. 00
79. 0 0

T r a c e r s _ _____ __ _______________________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________________

213
179

40. 0
4 0 .0

575
516
59

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

D raftsm en , leader
____ ____
Manufacturing __________________________________________

217

D raftsm en, senior ________________________________________
Manufacturing '__________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
__________________________________
Public utilities * ________________________ _________

262

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

12
10
2
2

18
18
-

243
243
-

344
328
16

466
456

-

-

1

10
2

37
32

94
88

204
203

371
370

191
173

42
42

89
81

70. 00
72. 00

39

39
39

83
79

48

4
3

_

_

-

-

89. 0 0
89. 0 0
8 8 . 50

-

-

-

“

23
16
7

84
77
7

57

90
8l

9

9

191
186
5

"

10

4W ~

31
------TI

14

1

12

-

25
25

25
25

272

200

134
17 2" ----- 71
28
61
4
2

138
----- 41
93
-

42
42
-

275
75

8
8

3
3

15
15

196
187
9

330
325
5
3

180
160

50
44

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

78
67

28
19

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

9

“

-

11

10
8
2

“

“

1
11

—

r~

6
6
121

T lT '

18

10
10

262
10
8

13
3

3
3

51
3

20

59
17

—

42
rs ~1
24
-

7
7
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

73
-------- j

_

_

_

"

-

-

Women
N u rses, industrial (reg istere d ) _________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________ __
1
2

*

-

66

-

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 4 at $ 145 to $ 150; 33 at $ 165 to $ 175; 38 at $ 175 to $ 185.
Transportation (excluding r ailroad s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.

N O TE :

Data for nonmanufacturing do not include inform ation for department sto res; the rem ainder of retail trade is
appropriately represented in data for a ll industries combined and for nonmanufacturing. "M otion p ictu re s" refe rs
to m otion -picture production establishm ents (Group 7811) and m otion -picture service industries (Group 7821)
as defined in the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual (1949 edition) prepared by the Bureau of the Budget.

Table A-3:

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(A verage hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Los A n g e le s-L o n g Beach, C a li f ., by industry division, M arch 1957)
N U M B E R OF W ORKEBS R E CE IVIN G STRAIGH T-TIM E H O URLY E AR NING S OF—
Number
of

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Average
hourly 1
earnings

$

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n c e ____________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * _______ ____________________
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o tio n p i c t u r e s ) ____
M o t io n p ic t u r e s _______________________________

1, 170
873
297
47
59
60

2. 52
2 .4 6
2 .6 9
2. 34
2 .6 9
3. 14

E l e c t r ic i a n s , m a in te n a n c e _________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
________________________ ____
M o t io n p ic t u r e s _______________________________

2 ,4 0 8
2, 031
377
187

2 .6 7
2 .6 3
2 .8 5
3. 14

$

$

$

$
2. 00

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

1.7 0
and
under
1. 80

1 .8 0

1. 90

1.90

2. 00

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

1
-

16
5
11
-

*

-

-

-

"

"

-

-

-

"

-

-

_
-

_
-

9
5
4

72
49
23

155
147
8

203
203
-

257
216
41

675
577
98

~

■

"

~

“

~

1

2. 10

2. 10

2. 20

2 .2 0

-

-

2. 30

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

15
2
13
1
3

131
98
33
23
4

161
154
7
1

344
332
12
10
-

176
131
45
13
11

159
137
22
7

-

2 .4 0

-

2. 50

-

2. 60

-

$
2. 70

-

$
2. 80

-

2. 80
40
6
34
14
"
708
TOT
8

$
2. 90

-

2 .9 0

-

3. 00

6

--------5~
41
39
2
“

$
3. 00

-

3. 10

6
2
4
4
5
4
1
"

$
3. 10

-

3. 20

53

62

-

-

53
13

62
2
60

31
27
4
"

$
3 .2 0

202
15
187
187

3. 30

-

3. 30

3 .4 0

$

3 .4 0
and
over

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

1
1

12
12
-

37
37
-

“

"

See footnote at end of table.
Occupational Wage Survey, L os A n g e le s-L o n g B each, C a lif. , M arch 1957
* Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR




Bureau of Labor S tatistics
N O TE :

Data for nonmanufacturing do not include inform ation for department sto res; the rem ainder of retail trade is
appropriately represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing. "M otion p ictu r e s" r efe rs
to m otion -p icture production establishm ents (Group 7811) and m otion -picture service industries (Group 7821)
as defined in the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual (1949 edition) prepared oy the Bureau of the Budget.

10

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations - Continued
( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ied on a n a r e a b a s i s
in L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a li f . , by in d u s t ry d iv is io n , M a r c h 1957)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of

Average $
hourly .
1 .7 0
earnings
and
under
1 .8 0
$
2. 64
2 .6 4
2. 64
2 . 54
3. 14
-

_

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

2 .2 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2 .6 0

2. 70

2. 80

2 .9 0

3. 00

3. 10

3 .2 0

3. 30

$
3. 40

1 .9 0

2. 00

2t 10

2 .2 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2 .6 0

2. 70

2. 80

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

3 .4 0

and
over

127
77

H elpers, tra d es, maintenance
Manufacturing . .
..................
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Public u tilitie s* __
_ .

1, 903
1, 686
217
123

2.
2.
2.
2.

M achin e-tool op erators, toolroom _____________
Manufacturing
......... . .............

2, 158
2, 150

2. 60
2 .6 0

-

M achin ists, maintenance
.
....
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Public utilities * ........ .
Motion pictures ____________________________

1 ,6 0 7
1, 502
105
50
50

2 .6 8
2 .6 7
2. 82
2. 55
3. 14

-

-

-

-

M ech anics, automotive (maintenance) _
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Public utilities * ____________________________
W holesale trade ____________________________
Services (excluding motion p ic tu r e s)____

2, 355
525
1, 830
1 ,4 4 9
132
50

2 .4 6
2 .4 2
2 .4 6
2 .4 6
2 .4 3
2. 37

1
1
-

-

49
34
15
9
-

-

12
12
12

M ech anics, maintenance
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________________
W holesale t r a d e ____________________________

2, 178
2, 072
106
71

2 .4 6
2 .4 6
2 .4 7
2 .4 8

_
-

_
-

_
-

M illw r ig h t s _________________________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________

598
590

2 .6 0
2. 60

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

O ilers _______________________________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________

680
675

2. 05
2. 04

3 18
18

62
------ 52

174
174

285
283

43
43

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

.

_

.

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

"

“

“

%

2
2
2
-

6
6
6
"

6
6
6
-

17
1
16
13
"

38
8
30
29
-

37
15
22
20
-

216
216
-

87
77
10
1

148
?T
84
-

26
25
1
1
-

23
23
-

18
18
-

8
8
8
-

43
43
15
28

62
62
_
-

16
16
16
-

5
5
_
-

_

16
-

1
'

_

45
12

25
25

14
14

18
18

_

_

8
8

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

122
2 11 2
10
-

415
367
48
36

184
167
17
16

132
95
37
33

129
77
52
38

856
851
5
-

1
1
-

64
17
47
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

31
31

132
132

174
174

739
739

551
545“

365
363

149
148

2
2

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

"

15
15

-

38
27
11
9
-

66
66
-

57
52
5
3
-

292
288
4
4
-

495
450“
35
34
-

362
362
-

91
91
-

27
27
-

21
21
-

104
54
50
50

54
54
-

-

_
-

82
59
23
8
-

317
23
294
240
43
9

187
70
117
76
21
9

624
157
467
403
-

861
50
811
713
42
4

159
123
36
26
-

31
9
22
16

-

-

30
30
-

-

"

-

-

2
2
-

467
434
33
27

435
424
11
7

572
560
12
2

270
236
34
30

82
78
4
1

41
41
-

_
-

-

"

_
-

_
-

-

36
36

22
22

245
237

263
253“

28
28

_

4
4

-

_

_

-

-

-

18
16

64
63

7
7

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

P ain ters, m ain te n an ce___________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_
Public utilities * ___________________________
Services (excluding motion pictures) ___

848
64 8 “
200
36
56

2 .4 1
2. 38
2 . 50
2 . 35
2. 51

-

P ip efitte rs, maintenance _________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________

606
597

2. 62

_

2. 6 2

P lu m b ers, maintenance __________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Motion picture s ____________________________

300
244
56
31

2 .5 9
2 . 54
2 .7 9
3. 14

S h eet-m etal w ork ers, maintenance ____________
Manufacturing _________________________________ _

183
158

2 .6 1

Tool and die m akers ______________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________

4 , 147
4, 137

2 . 78
2 .7 7

_
-

2 .6 0

_

_
~

66
---------54 "
2
2

In c lu d e s 4 w o r k e r s at $ 1. 50 to $ 1. 60, and 22 at $ 1. 60 to $ 1. 70.
In c lu d e s 14 w o r k e r s at $ 1 . 60 to $ 1 . 70.
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 3 . 60 to $ 3 . 70.
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

58
58
-

30
62
12 ------- 30
18
32
1
11
-

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.




$

$

2. 10

F irem en , stationary boiler
Manufacturing __________________________________

2
3
4
*

$

2. 00

758
514
244
117
28

09
09
11
02

$

$

1. 90

E ngin eers, stationary _
_
_
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_
..........................
S ervices (excluding motion p ic tu r e s)____
Motion pictures ____________________________

2 .2 3
2. 36

$

$

1 .8 0

-

187
-------I T T
10
2

4

-

131
119
12
-

-

43
12
31
13

9
4
5
5

5
5
5

13
13

38
38

128
128

361
358

34
34

8
8

-

-

18
15
3
-

59
57
“

122
112
10
-

-

-

"

12
12

49
49

31
31

24
24

2
2

8
8

-

24
24

88
88

301
301

1152
1152

1209
1209

966
966

114
113

38
38

137
129
8
-

4

-

18
-----------5 "

_

2

-

3
3

50
23
27
8
12

115
90
25
22
3

9
3
6

_

“
*

241
227
14
5
7

2

4

6
---------- 5“

-

54

-

1
1

-

-

-

54

23
23
-

10
6

-

-

'

31
31
31

-

.

_

-

“

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
"

3
3
68
68

2
2
~

~

22
22

10
10

-

_

'

-

189
4180

11
T a b le A - 4 :

C u s to d ia l a n d M a te r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a tio n s

( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , by in d u s t r y d iv is i o n , M a r c h 1957)
N U M B E R OF WORKEKS R E CE IVIN G STRAIGH T-TIM E H OURLY E AR NING S OF—
Number

Occupation1 and industry division

of

Average,
hourly

$

0. 90

$

1. 00

$

1. 10

under
1. 00

Elevator operators, passenger (men) _________
Nonmanufacturing___________________________
Finance * * ______________________________ _
Services (excluding motion pictu res)___

282
126
101

$
1.
1.
1.
1.

Elevator operators, passenger (women) ____
Nonmanufacturing

411
3M ~

1. 36
1. 33

1. 10

-

2W ~

33
35
42
15

22
22

-

8
4
4

1. 50

$

1 .6 0

$

1 .7 0

1 .9 0

2. 00

1

_

11
11

6
6

_

_

52
48

153
153

24
23

74
63

8
2

-

_
-

-

4

29
18
11

126
111
15

58
22
36
2
34

-

-

-

2

72
23
49

394
22
372

315
22
293

865
38
827

-

-

-

-

-

7

2

49

2
4
95

10
559
198

-

-

-

681
3
678
492

1777
27
1750
202
-

130
33
97
16
-

56
12
44
-

-

7
7

16
12
4

260
192
68

226
158
68

11 ,7 6 6
5, 712
6, 054
486
285
1 ,0 3 5
2 ,9 7 4
284

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

64
78
51
75
71
41
41
96

2

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (women) _____
Manufacturing_______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _
.... ...
Finance**
________ ____________________
Motion pictu res__ ______________________

3, 311
437
2, 874
710
131

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

38
69
34
30
96

Laborers, material handling
Manufacturing____________________ _________
Nonmanufacturing____________ _____________
Public utilities * ___________ ____________
Wholesale trade _________________________

9,
4,
5,
1,
2,

2. 00
1. 96
2. 02
2 .1 1
2. 08

Order fillers ____ _____________________________
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing___________________________
Wholesale trade __________________________

3, 028
567
2, 461
1 ,6 9 6

2.
1.
2.
2.

03
90
06
03

Packers, shipping (men) _______________________
Manufacturing_______________________________
Nonmanufacturing___________________________
Wholesale trade

1 ,4 4 0
592
848
822

1.
1.
1.
1.

92
94
90
90

Packers, shipping (women) ____________________
Manufacturing_______________________________

494
372

-

-

-

_

132

-

-

-

132

-

365
23
6
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

4

4

4

-

-

-

4

11

15
"

-

-

-

-

-

4

4

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2379
n>*r~
2211
53
19
376
1735

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
7

_

_

.

_

4

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

a n d o t h e r p u b lic

-

u t ilit ie s .

4
4

8
8

_
_

.

_

_
_

and
over
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

436
134
302

30
30

29
29

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

4
4

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

-

218
183
35

_

223
120
103
30

-

495
449
46
28
3
11

-

-

442
435
7
6
1
-

885
855
30

155
23
132

_
_

-

-

-

_

-

1562

284
T I T ? — -----227“
57
385
60
11
32
46

-

_
_

302

98

2
2

—

2. 50

$
2. 60

.

155
" -----153

48

-------- SE~ —

_

_
_

8

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

.

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

"

131

-

1838
1072
766
12
389

2312
753
1559
487
570

94
30“
64
10

203

200
65
135
135

576

77
77

414
414

934
115
819
566

81
21
60
60

259
151
108
108

328
75
253
253

100
86
14
14

544
183
361
339

93
61

227
181

162
118

_

_

_

-

-

-

1 62

-

20
— 20—

_
_
_

13 84
456
928
1
247

126

_
_
_

_
_
_

12
2
2

1022
545
477
4
185

_

_

-

2. 40

$
2. 50
2. 60

-

98
102
------- 74— 1 1 0 2
"
24

60
28
32
14

_

-

2. 40

.

_

15

_

_
_

$
2. 30

-

_

-

2. 30

$

12
3

_

48

-

_
_

2. 20

-

9
284

-

$

2. 20

_

5
-

-

-

2. 10

_

2381
1507
874
217
30

-

.

2. 10

1378
1 W ~ 1257
284
121
45
35
55
27
46
11
130
48
-

-

-

-

$

_

1023

-

_

2. 00

-

941
374
567
63
55
39
330
-

-

$

35
-

-

-

$
1 .9 0

1. 80

84
84

-

1. 80

1. 70

68

22

$

1. 60

12
12
12
-

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (men) _______
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing___________________________
Public utilities * __________________________
Wholesale trade
Finance** __________________________ '_____
Services (excluding motion pictures) ___
Motion pictures __________________________




68
68

-

-

NOTE:

8
8

1. 50

$

15
5
4
1

02
02
05
92
65
24

c o m m u n ic a t io n ,

1 .4 0

1 .4 0

58
58
52
1

2.
2.
2.
1.
1.
2.

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f t a b le .
*
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ),
* * F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , a n d r e a l e s ta te .

1. 30

$

59
59
58
1

2 ,9 7 5
2, 386
589
66
103
313

1. 76
1. 75

1. 20

$
1. 30

-

22

-

Guards _______ __ _____________________________
Manufacturing_______________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities *
Finance ** ________________________________
Motion pictures -------------------------------------

814
088
726
111
520

1. 20

$

-

_

-

-

_

.

_

-

-

-

_
_

-

1810
449
1361
607
638
330
—

W~

294
220
48
-

48
48

-

-

-

-

218
96
120

456
216
240

57
36
21

2
2

194
92
102

-

_

_

-

116

204

21

-

416
5
411
169

_

-

111
4

89
80

15
15

61
61

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

111

89

_

-

102

_

_

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

_
-

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y , L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , M a r c h 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s

D a t a f o r n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g do not in c lu d e in fo r m a t io n fo r d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ; the r e m a in d e r o f r e t a i l t r a d e is
a p p r o p r ia t e ly r e p r e s e n t e d in d ata f o r a l l in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d an d f o r n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g . " M o t io n p ic t u r e s " r e f e r s
to m o t io n -p ic t u r e p ro d u c tio n e s t a b lis h m e n t s (G r o u p 7811) and m o t i o n -p ic t u r e s e r v i c e in d u s t r ie s (G r o u p 7821)
a s d e fin e d in the S t a n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C la s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l (1949 ed itio n ) p r e p a r e d b y the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t .

12
T a b le A - 4 :

C u s to d ia l a n d M a te r ia l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u e d

(A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , by in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M a r c h 1957)

NUMBER OF WORKEKS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation 1 and industry division

R eceiving clerk s ____ ________ _____ __________
M an ufactu ring___________________________________
N onm anufacturing______________________________
W holesale trade ____________________________

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

1 ,2 7 1
727
544
254

Average $
hourly a
0. 90
earnings
and
under
1. 00

1. 00

1. 10

$
1 .2 0

1. 10

1 .2 0

1, 30
8
8
-

4
4
-

3
2
1
-

$

$

1 .0 9
2. 04
2. 16
2. 07

_
-

-

_
-

$
1 .3 0
1 .4 0

$

$

$

1 .4 0

1. 50

1 .6 0

-1 .5 0 -

1. 60
4
4
-

$

$

$

$

$

$

$
2. 50

$
2. 60
and
over

1 .9 0

2. 00

1. 70

1. 80

-1 .9 Q

2. 00

2. 10

14
10
4
-

70
49
21
17

115
119
--------W ~ “ TO f
12
19
19
12

320
201
119
111

146
63
83
41

332
161
171
36

36
27
9
4

23
9
14
7

71
71
3

6
2
4
4

77
39
38
38

136
65
71
38

142
51
91
84

62
27
35
35

45
28
17
17

14
13
1
1

16
16
7

154
74
80
80

48
48
48

8
8
-

_
-

1156
359
797
400
287
-

1378
554
824
100
500
-

1353
301
1052
273
559

410
278
132
-

2
2
-

-

-

“

2. 20

2. 10

_-2^2Q.... . 2. 3Q_

690
350“
310
261

2.
2.
2.
2.

14
08
20
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

30
23
7
7

10
8
2
2

Shipping and receiving clerk s __________________
Manufacturing
_ _____
.
......
Nonmanufacturing ______________________________
W holesale trade ____________________________

886
487
399
216

2.
2.
2.
2.

14
13
15
28

-

-

_
-

-

-

3
3
-

-

2
2
-

17
17
-

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

26
24
27
20
28
55

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
4
-

48
23
25
-

2
2
-

7
3
4
3
-

203
15
188
1
139
-

257
179
78
4
39
-

202
171
31
8
6
-

520
414
106
7
86
-

4409
1220
3189
2580
470
-

1325
423
902
413
461
-

1 1 ,4 1 3
4, 053
7, 360
3, 518
2, 275
559

$
2. 40

1 .8 0

Shipping clerk s ____________________________________
M an ufactu ring_______________ _________________
N on m anufacturing__________ _________________
W holesale trade __ __ _____________________

T r u c k d r iv e r s4 ___________________________________
Manufacturing ______ ____________ __________
Nonmanufacturing __________________ ________
Public utilities * _______
_
_ __ _______
W holesale trade _ __________________________
Motion pictures _______ _______ ___________

$
2. 30

1. 70

33
20
13
13

125
ToO
19
19

76
298
39
191
--------1 3 - ------ 56“ “ ------- 75“ -------U 2 l
56
24
116
21
47
17
-

2. 40___ -2 . 50___ 2. 60

3 50
“ “ 26 -----

24
24

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

139
113
26
2
14
-

T ru ck d rivers, light (under 1 V2 tons) ______
M an ufactu ring_______________________________
N on m anufacturing_________________ _______
W h olesale trade _____ _________________

1 ,3 0 8
647“
661
299

2.
1.
2.
2.

01
93
08
00

-

-

-

4
4
-

48
23
25
-

2
2
-

6
3
3
-

137
113
24
14

141
15
126
125

106
95
11
5

93
84
9
-

217
192
25
14

174
75
99
7

179
26
153
134

199
19
180
-

T ru ck d rivers, m edium ( 1 V2 to and
including 4 tons) ______________________________
Manufacturing _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________ _____________
Public utilities * __________________ ____
W holesale trade ________________ _______

4, 140
1 ,2 7 0
2, 870
1 ,7 61
881

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2
-

62
62
14

90
40
50
1
34

48
32
16
1
-

142
133
9
4
-

2328
270
2058
1533
447

342
136
206
29
168

424
245
179
90
35

372
272“
100
100
-

329
142
187
183

-

-

1
1
1
-

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 to n s,
traile r ty p e )___________________________________
M an ufactu ring_______________________________
N onm anufacturing__________________________
Public utilities *
W holesale t r a d e ______ _________________

3, 313
1 ,3 8 0
1 ,9 3 3
911
463

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

30
34
27
19
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

59
44
15
1
-

25
25
-

58
58
58

1395
595
800
784
16

300

585
218
367
187

298

182
98
84

207
65
142
28
60

386
s 254
132
-

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra iler type)
M an ufactu ring_______ _____________________
Nonmanufacturing
W holesale trade _________________________

1 ,4 2 4
501
923
625

2.
2.
2.
2.

35
30
38
41

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

30
30
-

90
76
14
14

146
74
72
-

310
109“
201
75

246
30
216
192

418
-------62
356
312

T ru ck ers, power (forklift) _
Manufacturing _ _____________________________
N onm anufacturing_________________________ ___
Public utilities * ____________ ____ __________
W h olesale trade __ ___________ ___________

3, 568
2, 709
859
171
356

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

14
09
30
26
28

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

58
58
-

-

-

-

-

70
70
-

148
138
10
10

667
667
-

542
380
162
2
104

810
728
82
48

572
403
169
161
8

191
117
74
10

413
83
330
176

42
10
32
8
-

55
55
-

T ru ck ers, power (other than f o r k lif t ) __________
M an ufactu ring_______ ___________________

978
599

2. 13
1 .9 9

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

133
133

72
72

36
36

284
-

84
21

-

-

166
n>5

-

-

38
38

158

"

7
7

-

-

Watchmen _____ __ ________________ ____ ____ ___
M an ufactu ring__________________________________
N onm anufacturing______________________________
F in a n c e** __ _____ _ ____________________
S ervices (excluding motion pictures)

920
------ 521
319
106
99

.
-

26
23
3

75

-

-

8

•

25
2
23
_

1

-

27
19
8
6

3

70
37
33
2
17

156
118
38

-

69
34
35
6
3

40
40

-

151
n o "'
41
13
28

151
148
3

-

14
14
8
6

1
2
3
4
5
*
**

1.
' 1.
1.
1.
1.

28

19
18
24

72
78 "
61
45
53

i

-

9
9
2
7

—

90
n>
74

40
18

------- T S ~ "
37
29
8

D a t a lim it e d to m en w o r k e r s , e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te s h ifts .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : M a n u fa c tu rin g , $2. 60 to $2. 70; n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g , $ 2 . 70 to $2. 80.
In c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f s iz e an d ty p e o f tr u c k o p e ra t e d .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 29 a t $ 2 . 60 to $ 2 . 80; 193 a t $ 2 . 80 to $ 2 . 90; 32 at $3 to $ 3 . 10.
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .




-

-

■

126

1 18

61

237
58
158
— 96—
62
32

-

-

1

-

16
16
-

-

-

-

"

■

1

-

-

24
24
"

-




B: Esiabl ishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
T a b le

B - l:

S h ift

D iffe r e n t ia l

P ro v is io n s 1

P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —
(a )
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
fo r m a l p ro v is io n s fo r —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

S e c o n d s h if t
w o rk

T o t a l __________________________________________

___

W it h s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l

.

_________

..

____________

..

T h ird o r o th e r
s h if t w o r k

9 3 .9

84. 6

(b )
A c t u a lly w o r k in g on—

S e c o n d s h if t

17. 1

T h ir d o r oth e r
s h if t

3. 6

9 3 .9

8 4 .6

17. 1

3. 6

_________________________________________

72. 7

24. 3

13. 1

1. 8

4 cen ts
,.
_ _ _
5 c e n t s _ _ __
6 c en ts
7 o r 7 72 c e n t s _____ ___________________________________
________
8 c e n ts
_
_
... ...
.......
9 c e n ts
_
_
10 c e n ts _____________________________________________________________
11 c e n t s _____________________________________________________________
12 c e n t s
___________________________ _____________________________
13 o r 13 V3 c e n t s
_
_
14 c e n t s _____________________________________________________________
15 c e n t s
....
_ _
O v e r 15 c e n t s _____________________________________ ________________

1. 5
5. 8
5. 3
.6
1 .5

. 1
3 .9
1. 2

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r )

U n ifo r m p e rc e n ta g e

_

_

..
.

_
-

.
.
1.
.
.

4
5
3
1
1

_
-

.9
. 1
-

1 .2
7. 0
-

1. 1

6 .4
3. 5

. 5

. 8

. 2

. 2

12. 0

_ ...

.4
2 1 .4
. 8
31. 3
1 .9
. 2

6. 0

2. 2

. 1

5 p e r c e n t ______________________________ __________ ________________
6 p e rc e n t
...
. _ ..........
7 72 p e r c e n t _________________ _____________________________________
__
10 p e r c e n t
_______________ _____________________________________________

3. 7
2. 2

F u ll d a y ‘ s p ay fo r re d u c e d h o u rs
_ .... _ ....
F u l l p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s , p lu s
c e n t s d i f f e r e n t i a l __________________________________________________
P a i d l u n c h p e r i o d , p lu s c e n t s d i f f e r e n t i a l
_ .. . ......
O t h e r _____________________________________________________________________________

. 7
. 3
-

_

t
4. 2
. 1
5. 3
. 4

. 2
. 3
t
t

t
. 1

_

. 6

. 8
. 7
-

6. 2

5. 3

. 8

. 1

1 .6

1. 4

. 1

-

45. 1
1. 8
6. 1

.9
. 4

1. 4
. 2

. 4

T

-

3. 1
2. 8
1 .7

-

-

N o s h if t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _______________________________________________
'

s h if t s
tio n s:

'

■

1
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f ( a ) e s t a b li s h m e n t p o l i c y , a n d (b ) w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p lo y e d on
a t th e t i m e o f th e s u r v e y .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v i n g a p o l i c y i f it m e t e i t h e r o f the f o l l o w i n g c o n d i ­
( l ) O p e r a t e d l a t e s h if t s a t th e t i m e o f th e s u r v e y , o r (2 ) h a d f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g l a t e s h i f t s ,
f L e s s th a n 0 . 0 5 p e r c e n t .
O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,

L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , M a r c h 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s

la te

14

Table B-2:

Minimum Entrance Rates for W om e n Office W o rk e rs 1

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m h i r i n g r a t e in —
M a n u fa c tu rin g
M in im u m r a t e (w e e k ly s a l a r y )

A ll
s c h e d u le s

301

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d

M a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d o n s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—

A ll
in d u s t rie s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m h i r i n g r a t e in —

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

111

XX X

190

37Va

XX X

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

XXX

301

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

37 V

111

XXX

190

XXX

U n d e r $ 4 0 .0 0
___________________________________________________
$ 4 0 .0 0 an d u n d e r $ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 4 5 . 0 0 .....
_ _
$ 4 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 4 7 .5 0
$ 4 7 .5 0 an d u n d e r $ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 5 5 .0 0
_
$ 5 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 5 7 .5 0
$ 5 7 .5 0 an d u n d e r $ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ________________
„
___ ______ _ _
$ 6 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 _________________________________________
$ 6 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 .0 0
_
_ ___ .
.
_
_ _
$ 7 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 5 .0 0 an d u n d e r $ 7 7 .5 0
$ 7 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 _________________________________________

152
1
2
5
13

62

_
1
2
2
2

59

_
1
2
2
2
9
11
7
10
6
5
2
2
_
_

l

90

12

1
1
3
11
7
19
11
6
5
4
1
6
5
2
3
2
3

1
_
1
2
1
4
1
2
_
_

9
28
22
13
17
10
6
8
7
2
3
3
3

9
11
7
12
6
5
2
2
_
_
1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g n o s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m

67

23

XX X

44

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s in
t h is c a t e g o r y

81

26

XX X

55

XX X

XX X

In fo r m a tio n not a v a ila b le

1
2
3

______________________________________________

1

-

-

1

-

65

_
1
2
5
5
12
7
4
4
4
_
6
5
2
3
2
3

163
2
3
9
18
16
30
16
18
15
5
6
7
6
2
5

65

61

_
1
2
5
2
13
9
7
12
5
4
2
1
_

98

_
1
2
5
2
13
9
6
11
5
4
2
1
_
_

40

XXX

14

2
2
7
13
14
17
7
11
3
_

2
_
2
2
3
3
1
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

71
_
2
3
9
8
13
3
9
3
_
1

4

1
1

1

-

-

2
5
5
2
4
3
1

-

5
5
2
4
3
1

XX X

68

23

XXX

45

XX X

XX X

XX X

XX X

69

23

XXX

46

XXX

XX X

XXX

XX X

1

XX X

XX X

1

XX X

XXX

-

_
_
-

-

L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d f o r h i r i n g i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t y p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ;
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r
R a t e s a p p l i c a b l e to m e s s e n g e r s , o f f i c e g i r l s , o r s i m i l a r s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d .




2

For Other Inexperienced Clerical Workers 3

For Inexperienced T ypists

E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c ifie d m in im u m

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,

th e m o s t

-

com m on w o rk w eek s re p o rte d .

L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , M a r c h 1957
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s

15

Table B-3:

Scheduled W e e k ly Hours

i
P E R C E N T OF O FF ICE WOR KER S 1 E M P L O Y E D I N —

W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll w o rk e rs

_ _

All
2
industries

....

_

.

...

35 h o u r s ______________ _____________________________________
O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 37 V? h o u r s ._
37V?, h o u r s _
.
_ ...
.......... .
O v e r 3 7 ¥?> a n d u n d e r 3 8 3 h o u r s .......
/4
.... .............
38 3 h o u r s ... . . _
/4
_ ....
O v e r 3834 a n d u n d e r 40 h o u r s
/
40 h o u r s
_
O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 48 h o u r s
48 h o u r s
....
. .
O v e r 48 h o u r s _____________________________________________

1 D a t a r e l a t e to w o m e n w o r k e r s o n ly .
2 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e (e x c e p t

Manufacturing

100

100

t
t
7

t

Public .
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

100

.

-

t
3

100
.

Motion 3

100

Finance **

100

_

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —
Services
(excluding

100

t

t
5

_

_

6

5
5
28
3

-

t

7

15

_

t
83

_

97

99

89

t
54

t
57

t

t

_

t

-

_

_

”

d ep a rtm e n t

“

sto re s)

4
18

_

~

_

_
_

in d u st ry

t

t

3
_
_
_

92
4

91
4

Public
utilities *

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

100

100

100

_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_

_

_

t

_
_

t
94
5

96
t

89
t
8

-

t

_
_
_
_

_

100
_
_

-

s e p a ra te ly .
se rv ic e s

in d e p e n d e n t o f m o t i o n - p i c t u r e

Paid Holidays1

1
All
industries

pictures 3

_

t

P E R C E N T OF O FFICE W O R K ER S E M P L O Y E D I N —

Ite m

(excluding
motion pictures)

100

L i m i t e d to e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in th e p r o d u c t i o n o f m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ( G r o u p 7 8 1 1 ) a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in p e r f o r m i n g
p r o d u c t i o n b u t a l l i e d t h e r e t o ( G r o u p 7 8 2 1 ) a s d e f in e d in th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l (1 9 4 9 e d it io n ) p r e p a r e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ( e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) a n d r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y ,
t L e s s th a n 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .

Table B-4:

Wholesale
trade

t

t

-

show n

100

t

t

"

d iv is io n s

100

_

100
_

“

Manufacturing

f

_

_

■

in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e

_

All
.
industries *

Wholesale
trade

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —
Services
(excluding

^

pictures 3

All
.
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Services
(excluding
■notion pictures)

Wholesale
trade

Motion
pictures 3

______________________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id h o l id a y s ___________________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

95

98

95

98

67

100

t

t

-

-

-

-

-

57

5

31

26

51

3
44

t

43

100

51

12

29

7
49

100

t

t

-

t

t
-

t

-

t

t

-

-

t

-

3

-

"

5
25

t

18
18
11
-

A ll w o rk e rs

L e s s th a n 6 h o l i d a y s ______________________________
6 h o lid a y s
________________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _______________________
6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ______________________
_______
_____________________
7 h o l id a y s
_
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _______________________
7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s _ __________________
8 h o l i d a y s ________________________ ______________
8 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _____________________
8 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ______________________
9 h o l id a y s f u l l d a y s o n ly
_______________________
9 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _______________________
10 h o l i d a y s _ _____________________________________
10 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _____ ______________
11 h o l i d a y s f u l l d a y s o n ly _______________________
11 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _______ ______________
11 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ___________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no p a id h o l i d a y s _______________________________________

4
22
7

7
24
3

t

t

15

t

6
-

12
83
-

5
34
6
22
-

t

-

-

-

t
t
t
t
t
t
t

19
17
5
6
t

7
3
3
8

t

7
27
3

t

t

14
-

5
-

t

“
5

“
'




c o m m u n ic a t io n ,

20
“
"
"
■
“
”

“
5

t

t

■
■
"
“
“
”

t

t

■
■
*

-

"

33

"

1 E s t i m a t e s r e l a t e to h o l id a y s p r o v i d e d a n n u a l ly .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ( e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 L i m i t e d to e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in th e p r o d u c t i o n o f m o t io n p i c t u r e s ( G r o u p 7811) a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in p e r f o r m i n g
p r o d u c t i o n b u t a l l i e d t h e r e t o ( G r o u p 7821) a s d e f in e d in the S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l (1 9 4 9 e d it io n ) p r e p a r e d b y the B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ( e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) an d r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y ,
t L e s s th a n 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
* * F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .

t

-

9
-

3
45

-

20
64

-

-

a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,
U .S .

s e rv ic e s

in d e p e n d e n t o f m o t i o n - p i c t u r e

L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , M a r c h 1957

D EPAR TM ENT OF LABOR
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t ic s

16

T a b le B-5:

Pa id V a c a tio n s

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —

V a c a t io n p o lic y
All
.
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

_

100

100

100

100

L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t __________________________
P e rc e n ta g e paym ent

92
8

85
15

94
6

100
"

-

-

-

1 w eek o r m o re
_ _
6 m o n th s
......................
1 y e a r ___________________________________________________
2 years

100
51
99
100

100
37
100
100

2 w eek s o r m o re
....
........
6 m o n th s
1 year _
2 y ears
_
. _ _
.
3 years
............ .. .
5 y e a r s _________________________________________________

100
5
80
96
99
100

100
88
96
99
100

3 w e e k s o r m o re
_
... _
1 y e a r ___________________________________________________
2 y e a r s _________________________________________________
3 y ears
.. ......
5 years
_
_ _
10 y e a r s
.
.....
15 y e a r s ________________________________________________
20 y e a r s ________________________________________________
25 y e a r s

85
3
3
5
8
24
80
85
85

89
5
6
8
10
25
89
89
89

4 w e e k s o r m o re
1, 2 , a n d 3 y e a r s _____________ *_____________ _______
5 y e a r s _________________________________________________
10 y e a r s
15 y e a r s ________________________________________________
20 y e a r s ________________________________________________
25 y e a r s ________________________________________________

18

10
-

A ll w o rk e rs

_______________________________________________

Finance **

(excluding
m
otion pictures)

100

M
otion
pictures 2

All
3
industries

Public
utilities*

Manufacturing

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

100

100

-

-

-

84
15

81
19

93
7

-

-

-

-

t

-

100
48
100
100

100
39
100
100

100
86
100
100

100
51
99
100

100
100
100
100

99
21
99
99

100
-

100
-

100

100
-

7
91
99
100

65
99
100
100

100
22
100
100
100
100

93
-

80
-

Services
(excluding
m
otion pictures)

M
otion
pictures 2

100

100

98

92

100

98

92

-

-

10
90

-

t

8

-

100
16
100
100

100
48
100
100

98
17
98
98

92
13
88
92

100
100
100
100

98

99

99

98

t
38
73
90
98

42
67
87
99

11
83
97
99

32
90
95
98

89
4
31
61
83
89

100
100
100
100

78
3
4
5
8
20
78
78
78

86
-

87
-

M ETHOD OF PAYM ENT
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ______________________________________
A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y
A N D S E R V IC E P E R IO D 4

t
t
t

t

t

t

7
18

5
10

t
93
93
93

25
25

t
80
85
99
100

100
100
100
100

t
6
36
76
79
80

87
3
7
20
69
85
87

26
-

27
-

27

_

11

t

t

-

3
18
27

t

t

-

27

“

t

26

51

100
-

76

t
t
t
12
31
51
51
51

100
100
100

t
3
4
12
25
76
76
76

t
t

-

7
86
86
86

8
-

t

22
22

-

t

t

t

t

5
11

4
8

20
5
5
5
5
12
20
20
20

-

t
45
83
85
87

100
-

100
-

100
100
100

_

8

12
-

-

t
5
5
5
5
8

4
12

“

1 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ( e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 L i m i t e d t o e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in th e p r o d u c t i o n o f m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ( G r o u p 7 8 1 1 ) a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in p e r f o r m i n g s e r v i c e s in d e p e n d e n t o f m o t i o n - p i c t u r e
p r o d u c t i o n b u t a l l i e d t h e r e t o ( G r o u p 7 8 2 1 ) a s d e f in e d in th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l (1 9 4 9 e d it io n ) p r e p a r e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e t a i l t r a d e (e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) a n d r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e i n d i v id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s '
s e r v i c e i n c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g 3 w e e k s ' o r m o r e p a y f o r 5 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e w h o r e ­
c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' o r m o re p ay fo r fe w e r y e a r s of s e r v ic e .
L e s s th a n 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
*
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
* * F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,
U .S .

DEPARTM ENT

L o s A n g e le s -L o n g B each ,

C a lif.,

M a rc h

1957

OF LABOR
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s

NOTE:

In th e t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t io n a l l o w a n c e s by y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , "
s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u i v a l e n t t i m e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .

17

T a b le B-5:

Pa id V a c a tio n s - C o n tin u e d

P E R C E N T OF O FFICE W O R K ER S E M P L O Y E D IN —

V a c a t io n p o lic y

AU
industries1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities * .

Wholesale
trade

Finance**

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Services
(excluding
m tio pictures)
o n

2

M
otion
pictures

AU
,
industries 3

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

Wholesale
trade

(excluding
m tio pictures)
o n

2

M tio
o n
pictures

P R E D O M IN A N T P A Y P R A C T IC E S F O R
~ SELECTED YEA rT O f s e r v i c e s —
1 y e a r o r le s s :

1 w e e k ____
2 w eeks

2 y e a r s o r le s s :
3 y e a r s o r le s s :

2 w eeks
2 w eeks

5 y e a rs o r le s s:
10 y e a r s o r l e s s :
15 y e a r s o r l e s s :

2
2
2
3

w eeks
w eeks
w eeks
w eeks

20 y e a r s o r l e s s :

2
3
2
3

w eeks
w eeks
w eeks
w eeks

25 y e a r s o r l e s s :

__________

__

_

__

XXX

XXX

90

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

56

52

73

66

57

78

83

XXX

65

99

78

100

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

100

__________________________

93
94

90
90

91
99

99
98

100
97

83
88

100
100

69
84

61
80

82
96

90
95

56
78

100
100

88
73

88
73

99
97

91
61

86
71

79
69

100
100

83
67

86
71

96
85

95
51

__________________________

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

84
76
69

XXX

XXX

100
100

76

__________________________
^ _
_ ...
__________________________

82

93

76

66

49

100

70

71

85

83

XXX

100

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

69

XXX

75

79

93

77

67

68

70

85

81

XXX

100

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

49
48

100
XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

69

XXX

65

74

67

55

60

XXX

100

62

65

63

75

XXX

100

1 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ( e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 L i m i t e d to e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in th e p r o d u c t i o n o f m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ( G r o u p 7811) a n d e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in p e r f o r m i n g s e r v i c e s in d e p e n d e n t o f m o t i o n - p i c t u r e
p r o d u c t i o n b u t a l l i e d t h e r e t o ( G r o u p 78 21 ) a s d e f in e d in th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l (1 9 4 9 e d it io n ) p r e p a r e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ( e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) a n d r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5
T h e p a y p r o v i s i o n a p p l i c a b l e to m o r e w o r k e r s th a n a n y o t h e r s i n g le p r o v i s i o n , f o r s e r v i c e up to a n d in c lu d i n g the i n d i c a t e d n u m b e r o f y e a r s .
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s w h o r e c e iv e m o r e o r
p a y f o r th e in d i c a t e d s e r v i c e p e r i o d .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
♦ ♦ F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .

Ta b le B-6:

H e a lth , Insurance, a nd P e n sio n P la n s

P E R C E N T OF OFFICE W OR KER S E M P L O Y E D I N —

Type

o f p la n
AU
industries1

A ll w o rk e rs

___

__

___________________

_______

____

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
L ife in s u ra n c e
____ _________________________ __
A c c id e n ta l d eath an d d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ___________________________________________
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e
o r s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 4 _________________________
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e __________
S i c k l e a v e ( f u l l p a y a n d no
w a i t in g p e r i o d )
_
_____
S ic k le a v e (p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a i t in g p e r i o d )
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e _______________________
S u rg ic a l in su ra n c e
M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e
C a ta stro p h e in su ra n c e
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n __________ ____________________
N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n p la n

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

100

100

100

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —

Finance**

Services
(excluding
m tio pictures)
o n

100

100

100

100

100

Wholesale

2

pictures

AU
,
industries 3

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Services
(excluding
m tio pictures)
o n

2

M
otion
pictures

100

100

100

100

100

97

99

99

96

95

93

90

93

96

100

89

83

100

68

90

24

54

46

57

77

70

83

33

46

53

95

80
42

86
60

96
18

72
36

69
23

49
14

100
28

67
40

70
49

86
22

67
40

19
7

31
31

68

73

78

59

63

39

100

36

39

64

34

13

t

3
89
89
74
43
80

t

3
86
83
61
27
60

t

-

-

98
98
83
61
82

14
40
40
39
18
98

92
92
77
29
89

41
41
33

12
46
46
42
15
96

16
88
88
74
9
52

t

t

“

~

t

7
80
80
71
4
34
13

99
99
99
11
100

t

83
83
75
26
56
4

10
92
92

t

29
100

79
28
62

5
100
100
85
36
64

~

t

~

-

-

1 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ( e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 L i m i t e d to e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in th e p r o d u c t i o n o f m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ( G r o u p 7811) an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in p e r f o r m i n g s e r v i c e s in d e p e n d e n t o f m o t i o n - p i c t u r e
p r o d u c t i o n b u t a l l i e d t h e r e t o ( G r o u p 78 21 ) a s d e f i n e d in th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l (1 9 4 9 e d it io n ) p r e p a r e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t .
3 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ( e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) a n d r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 U n d u p l ic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w .
S i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to th o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e ly e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t the
m i n im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on a n in d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
t L e s s th a n 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
♦ T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , M a r c h 1957
* * F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t ic s




le s s

18

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The prim a ry purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau1 wage surveys is to
s
assist its fie ld staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations w orkers who are em ployed under
a va rie ty of payroll titles and differen t w ork arrangem ents from establishment to establishment
and from a rea to area .
This is essential in order to perm it the grouping o f occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because o f this emphasis on inter establishment and
in terarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau1s job descriptions may d iffer s ig n ifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau*s field represen tatives are instructed to exclude w ork ­
ing su pervisors, apprentices, lea rn ers, beginners, tra in ees, handicapped w orkers, part-tim e,
tem p orary, and probationary w ork ers.

Office

B IL L E R , MACHINE G -M AC H IN E O PE R ATO R - Continued
BO O K KEEPIN
P rep a res statements, b ills , and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typ ew riter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or p erfo rm other c le r ic a l w ork in­
cidental to billing operations.
F o r wage study purposes, b ille r s ,
machine, are cla ssified by type o f machine, as follow s:
B ille r , machine (billin g machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, etc. , which
are combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare b ills and
invoices from customers* purchase o rd ers, in tern ally prepared
ord ers, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predeterm ined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are autom atically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a la rg e number of
carbon copies o f the b ill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
B ille r , machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E lliott F ish er, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typ ew riter keyboard) to prepare customers*
b ills as part o f the accounts receiva b le operation.
G enerally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* led ger
record .
The machine autom atically accumulates figures on a
number of v e rtic a l columns and computes and usually prints auto­
m atically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge o f bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BO O K KEEPING -M AC H INE O PE R ATO R
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Rem ington Rand, E lliott
F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash R eg ister, with or w ith­
out a typ ew riter keyboard) to keep a re co rd o f business transactions.




C lass A - Keeps a set o f record s requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fa m ilia rity with
the structure o f the particular accounting system used.
D eter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the w ork.
May prepare consolidated
re p o rts, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record o f one or m ore phases or sections
of a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
custom ers* accounts (not including a simple type o f billing de scribed
under b ille r , machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ven tory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of tria l
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
C LE R K , A CC O U N TIN G
C lass A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or m ore sections of a com ­
plete set o f books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
m e n ts business transactions. W ork involves posting and balancing
subsidiary led ger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c ­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requ ires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparin g, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerk s.
Class B - Under supervision, perform s one or m ore routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
recon cilin g bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by gen eral led gers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in o ffices in
which the m ore routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several w orkers.

19
CLE RK,

F IL E

Class A - Responsible fo r maintaining an established filin g
system . C la ssifies and indexes correspondence or other m aterial;
may also file this m a terial. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filin g and locating
m a terial in the file s .
May perform incidental c le r ic a l duties.
Class B - P erfo rm s routine filin g, usually of m a teria l that
has already been cla ssified , or locates or assists in locating m a ­
teria l in the file s .
May perform incidental c le ric a l duties.
CLE RK,

ORDER

R eceives cu stom ers’ orders fo r m a terial or m erchandise by
m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting p rices to custom ers; making out an order sheet
listin g the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to resp ective de­
partments to be filled .
May check with cred it department to d e te r­
mine credit rating of custom er, acknowledge receipt of o rders from
custom ers, follow up orders to see that they have been fille d , keep
file of orders received , and check shipping invoices with origin al
o rd e rs .
CLE R K ,

K E Y -PU N C H O PE R A T O R
Under general supervision and with no su pervisory respon si­
b ilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a num erical key-punch machine, follow ing
written inform ation on record s.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May v e r ify own w ork or w ork of others.
O FFIC E BOY OR G IR L
P erfo rm s various routine duties such as running errands,
operating m inor office machines such as sealers or m a ilers, opening
and distributing m ail, and other m inor c le r ic a l work.
SE C R E TA R Y
P erfo rm s sec re ta ria l and c le r ic a l duties fo r a superior in an
adm inistrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments fo r superior; receivin g people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or con fi­
dential m ail, and w ritin g routine correspondence on own initiative;
talking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or sim ila r machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded inform ation reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda fo r inform ation of superior.

PAYRO LL
STENO G RAPH ER, G E N E R A L

Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w o rk ers'
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such as w o r k e r’s name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions fo r insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paym aster in making up and d is ­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

P r im a ry duty is to take dictation from one or m ore persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ila r machine, involving a
norm al routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
w rite r. M ay also type from w ritten copy. May also set up and keep
files in ord er, keep sim ple record s, etc.
Does not include transcribing-m achine work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

CO M PTO M E TE R O PE R ATO R

STENO G RAPH ER,

P rim a ry duty is to operate a Com ptom eter to p erfo rm m athe­
m atical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which m ay involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
perform ance of other duties.

P r im a ry duty is to take dictation from one or m ore persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ila r machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in leg al briefs or
reports on scien tific research and to tran scribe this dictation on a
typew riter. May also type from w ritten copy. May also set up and
keep file s in ord er, keep sim ple record s, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-m achine w ork.

TE C H N IC A L

D U PLIC A TIN G -M AC H IN E O PE R A TO R (M IM EO G RAPH OR D IT T O )
SWITCHBOARD O PE R A T O R
Under general supervision and with no su pervisory respon ­
sib ilities, reproduces m ultiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
m atter, using a mim eograph or ditto machine. Makes n ecessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto m aster. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m asters.
May sort, collate, and staple com ­
pleted m aterial.




Operates a sin gle- or m u ltiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages.
M ay give in fo r­
mation to persons who ca ll in, or occasionally take telephone o rd ers.
F o r w orkers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

20

TRAN SC RIB ING -M AC H INE O PE R A T O R , G E N E R A L - Continued

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
tion
type
This
tim e

In addition to perform in g duties of operator, on a single p o si­
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and m ay also
or p erform routine c le r ic a l w ork as part of regu lar duties.
typing or c le r ic a l w ork may take the m ajor part of this w o rk e r’s
while at switchboard.

T A B U LA T IN G -M A C H IN E O PER ATO R
Operates machine that autom atically analyzes and translates
inform ation punched in groups o f tabulating cards and prints tran s­
lated data on form s or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does sim ple w irin g of plugboards according to established practice
or diagram s; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards a fter they are tabulated. M ay, in addition,
operate au xiliary machines.

included. A w orker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or sim ila r machine is cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
T Y P IS T
Uses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterial or to
make out b ills after calculations have been made by another person.
M ay do c le r ic a l w ork involving little special training, such as keep­
ing sim ple record s, filin g records and reports, or sorting and d is ­
tributing incoming m ail.
Class A - P erfo rm s one or m ore of the follow in g: Typing
m a terial in final form from v e ry rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or co rrected copy in which there is a frequent
and va ried use of technical and unusual words or from foreign language copy; combining m aterial from severa l sources, or
planning layout of com plicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
fo rm ity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form .
May type routine form letters , varying details to
suit circum stances.

TR AN SC RIB ING -M AC H INE O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P rim a ry duty is to tran scribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine record s.
M ay also
type from w ritten copy and do sim ple c le r ic a l work. W orkers tran ­
scribing dictation involving a va ried technical or specialized vocabu­
la ry such as legal b riefs or reports on scientific research are not

P r of essional

D R A FTSM A N , JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by d rafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May p r e ­
pare drawings from sim ple plans or sketches, or p erfo rm other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
D RAFTSM AN , LEAD ER
Plans and directs a ctivities of one or m ore draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or p r e ­
lim in ary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the follow in g: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and w ritten or verbal ord ers; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
perform ing m ore difficult problem s. May assist subordinates during




Class B - P erfo rm s one or m ore of the follow in g: Typing
from re la tiv e ly clea r or typed drafts; routine typing of form s,
insurance p o licies, etc. ; setting up sim ple standard tabulations, or
copying m ore complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

and

Technical

D R A FTSM A N , LEAD ER - Continued
em ergencies or as a regular assignm ent, or perform related duties
of a su pervisory or adm inistrative nature.
D R A FTSM A N , SENIOR
P rep a res working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the follow in g:
Preparin g working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sectio n s, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of m a terials, beams and
trusses; verifyin g completed work, checking dimensions, m aterials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
arch itectu ral, e le c tric a l, m echanical, or structural drafting.

21
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T -square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

a

d P o w e r plant

CARPENTER, M AINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrig e ra ­
tion, or air conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTR ICIAN, M AINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transform ers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electricianY handtools and measuring
s
and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H ELPER, TRADES, M AINTENANCE
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-tim e basis.

22

M ACH IN E-TO O L OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, M AINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
W ork involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance*
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, M AINTENANCE
M ILLW RIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed r e ­
ducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTO M O TIVE (M AINTEN ANC E)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
P A IN T E R , M AINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or bruph.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

23

PIPEFITTE R , M AINTENANCE

S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M AINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fo l­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe r e ­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
rim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
eating ' systems are excluded.

and laying out ail types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUM BER , M AINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber*s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M AINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

and

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other m etal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
F or cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or sim ilar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Perform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and' other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR C LEAN ER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

24

LABORER, M A T ER IAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing m aterials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AN D RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers1 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
m aterials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, w a re ­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and custom ers1 houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (T ractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity.)

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations perform ed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AN D RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is r e ­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other m aterials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p rac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and p re ­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under 1 V2 tons)
medium (l*/a to and including 4 tons)
heavy Iover 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy iover 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHM AN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
against fire , theft, and illegal entry.
U . S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1957

O — 4259 5 7

Bulletins in This Series
Occupational wage surveys are being conducted in 17 major labor markets during late 1956 and early 1957.
Bulletins for the fol­
lowing areas are now available and may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.,
or from any of the regional sales offices listed below. As additional bulletins become available, they will be listed in subsequent issues.




BLS Bulletin
Number

Labor Market

Survey Period

Seattle, Wash.
Buffalo, N. Y.
Cleveland, Ohio
Boston, Mass.
Dallas, Tex.
Kansas City, Mo.
Philadelphia, Pa.
San Francisco-Oakland,
Calif.
Pittsburgh, Pa.
Birmingham, Ala.

August 1956
September 1956
October 1956
September 1956
October 1956
December 1956
November 1956

1202-1
1202-2
1202-3
1202-4
1202-5
1202-6
1202-7

25
25
25
25
25
25
25

January 1957
December 1956
January 1957

1202-8
1202-9
1202-10

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Price
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Regional Sales Offices

U. S. Department of L ab o r
Bureau of L ab o r Statistics
18 O liver Street
Boston 10, Mass.

U . S. Department of L abor
Bureau of L abor Statistics
50 Seventh Street, N. E .
Atlanta 23, Ga.

U. S. Department of L abor
Bureau of L abor Statistics
105 West Adams Street
Chicago 3, 111.

U. S. Department of L abo r
Bureau of L ab o r Statistics
341 Ninth Avenue
N ew York 1, N . Y .

U . S. Department of L abor
Bureau of L ab o r Statistics
630 Sansome Street
San F ran cisco 11, C a lif.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102