View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey

ST. LOUIS, M ISSO U R I
FEBRU ARY 1956

B L S B u lle tin No. 1 1 8 8 -9

UNITED STATES D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU OF LABOR S A I T C
TTSIS
Ewan Clague, C m i s o e
omsinr




Occupational Wage Survey
S T . L O U IS , M I S S O U R I




F E B R U A R Y 1956

Bulletin No.
UNITED

STATES D E P A R T M E N T

OF

1 1 8 8 -9
LABOR

James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S S I S
TATI T C
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
April 1956
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington 25, D.C. - Price 25




Contents
Page
Introduction __________________________________________________________________________________________
W a g e trends for selected occupational groups _______________________________________________________

1
3

Tables:
1
:
2:

A:

B:

E s t a b l ishments and w o r k e r s within scope of survey ______________________________________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries for office clerical and average straight-time
hourly earnings for selected plant occupational groups, an d percent of increase
for selected periods ______________________________________________________________________

2

3

Occupational earnings * A - 1 Office occupations ____________________________________________________________________
:
A - 2: Professional an d technical occupations ______________________________________________
A - 3; M a i n t e n a n c e and powerplant occupations _____________________________________________
A-4; Custodial and m a t e r i a l - m o v e m e n t occupations ______________________________________
E s t a b l ishment practices and s upplementary w a g e provisions* B-l: Shift differential provisions _____________________________________________________________
B-2: M i n i m u m entrance rates for w o m e n office w o r k e r s _________________________________
B-3: Scheduled weekly hours _________________________________________________________________
B-4: P a i d holidays ___________________________________________________________
B - 5: P a i d vacations _______________________________________________________________________
B-6: Health, insurance, and pension plans ________________________________________________

Appendix:

J o b descriptions

5
7
8
9

11
12
13
14
16

_____________________________________________________________________________

* NOTE:
Similar tabulations for m o s t of these items are available in the St. Louis ar e a reports
for J a n u a r y 1952, D e c e m b e r 1952, J a nuary 1954, and F e b r u a r y 1955.
T h e 1954 report also p r o ­
vides tabulations of w a g e structure characteristics, l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t ag r e e m e n t s , a n d overtime
p a y provisions.
T h e 1955 report also included data on frequency of w a g e p a y m e n t s , a n d pay p r o ­
visions for holidays falling on nonworkdays.
A directory indicating date of study a n d the price of
the reports, as well as reports for other m a j o r areas, is available u p o n request.
C u r r e n t reports on occupational earnings a n d s u pplementary w a g e practices in the St. Louis
a r e a are also available for m a c h i n e r y industries (February 1956), w o m e n ’s and misses' dresses
(August 1955) p o w e r laundries and dry cleaners (July 1955), and office building service (July 1955).
U n i o n scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available for the following trades or indus­
tries:
Building construction, printing, local-transit operating employees, and m o t o r t r u c k drivers.



iii

17




Occupational W a g * Survey - S . Louis, Mo. *
t
In tr o d u c tio n
The
c e n te rs
tic s

in

has

S t.

on

an

s ix

of

M a jo r

r a ilr o a d s ,
tr a c tiv e

of

e m p l o y m e n t in t h e
in d u s tr y

In

each

a g e n ts to

of

r e la te d

are

and

by

fro m
and

th e se

th e

s tu d ie s ,

fe w e r

th a n

th e y

fu r n is h

a

fo r

each

s a m p le

stru c tu re

and

do

u n n ecessary

c o s t in v o lv e d

p r o m p t p u b lic a tio n
m um
is

c o st,

a

g iv e n
th e

In

th e ir

stu d ie d

in

c o m b in in g

To

g r o u p in g

th e

p r e sc r ib e d

of

s a m p le

a p p r o p r ia te

la r g e

th a n

to

broad

and a r e a , 2

b ecau se

as

a ll

o ffic e

th is

except

fo r

of

and

th o se

tr a tiv e ,
account
fo rc e

are

th e

and

m a n u fa c tu r in g
c a tio n

is

account
(se e

a p p e n d ix

fo r

(in

u n ifo r m

set

lis tin g

of

stu d y a r e

com m on

of

jo b

and

are

th e se

in

A -s e r ie s

ta b le s )

c le r ic a l;

(b )

p r o fe s s io n a l and

(d )

c u s to d ia l

p o w e r p la n t;

T h is

and

fo r

th e

ty p e s

ta k e

d a ta

w as

jo b

D a ta
a

E a r n in g s

but

W h ere

w e e k ly

h a lf

fo r

e a r n in g s

h a lf

fo r

la te

u sed

"o th e r "

to

pay

fo r

m a in te ­

are

th e

o v e r tim e

th a n

o c c u p a tio n s

h ir e d

as

s c h e d u le s
s a la r ie s
have

been

fo r

fo r

w ork

on

e a r n in g s

d a ta .

P r o v is io n s

e m p lo y e e s
C a fe te r ia

B -s e r ie s

ta b le s )

"o ffic e

w o r k e r s ,"

e m p lo y e e s

on

a s th e y

and

as

u sed

e x c lu d e s

an d te c h n ic a l p e r s o n n e l.

an d a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y
in n o n o ffic e

and

te c h n ic a l

who

are

w orkers

and

a

ro u te m e n

in c lu d e d a s

"P la n t

and

fo rc e -

se p a ra te
are

(in ­

A d m in is ­

e m p lo y e e s ,
as

w ork

e x c lu d e d

p la n t w o r k e r s

in
ad­

w orkers

fu n c tio n s .

u tiliz e d

se ­

r e la te

in

in n o n m a n ­

(ta b le
is

B - l )

are

p re se n te d

in t e r m s

to m a n u fa c tu r in g

in t e r m s

of

o f t o t a l p la n t w o r k e r

s h ift

at

lim ite d

b o th

on

th e

th e

b a s is

tim e

of

of w ork ers

th e

su rvey.

v a r ie d d if f e r e n t ia ls , th e

a m o u n t a p p ly in g to

no

a

if

am ount

a p p lie d

to

(a )

m a jo r ity ,

th e

e sta b ­

e m p lo y m e n t,
a c tu a lly
In
a

e sta b ­

m a jo r ity

c la s s ific a tio n

e a r n in g s

are

th e

if

a

h e a lth ,
b a s is

fo r

v id u a l

ite m s

m en ts,

e x c lu d in g

(ta b le

th e se
su ch

th e p r a c t ic e s

on

S c h e d u le d

in s u r a n c e ,
of

B -2 )

p re se n te d

b a s is .

th a t

m a jo r ity

ra te s

are

r e la te
an

h ou rs;

an d p e n s io n
are

l i s t e d .4

are

p a id

p la n s

a p p lic a b le

w ork ers

o n ly to

of

e sta b ­

to

ra th e r

h o lid a y s ;

are

tre a te d

a ll

p la n t

or

m ay

e lig ib le

B ecau se

th e

e s ta b lis h m e n t,

r o u n d in g ,

p a id

sta tis­

or

o ffic e

e v e n tu a lly

su m s

o f in d i­

in ­

c le r ic a l

and

on

They

e m p lo y m e n t

q u a lify

ex­

e n tra n c e

o c­

o ffic e
to

p a id ;

th e

average

rou n d ed

to

The

n earest

th e

w eek­

at

n earest

th e

in

th e se

ta b u la tio n s

su m m ary

d is c r e tio n

o f v a c a tio n

in fo r m a l
of

th e

p la n s

do

not

p la n s

is

w h ereby

e m p lo y e r .

n e c e s s a r ily

lim ite d
tim e

S e p a ra te

o ff

to

equal

to ta ls .

fo rm a l a r r a n g e ­

w ith

p ay is

e s tim a te s

are

g ra n te d
p r o v id e d

d o lla r .

3
*
C h ic a g o ,
E .

fo r e m e n

p re se n te d

v is ite d .

an

w orkers

on

are

(ro u n d e d
are

r e la tiv e

o c c u p a tio n a l

u sed .

tic a lly

to

bon u ses

an d in c e n tiv e

re p o rte d ,

w ork

th o se

and

te rm

s p e c ifie d

M in im u m
lis h m e n ts

m o v e m e n t.

i .e .,

N o n p r o d u c tio n

bon u ses

s t r a ig h t -t im e

th e se

w ork ers,

th e

W age

th e

c le r ic a l

p r a c tic e ,

th e

or,

w as

occupa­

g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .

s h ifts .

h ou rs

is

w h ic h

in t h e

p r e m iu m

and

r e fe re n c e

ly

fu ll-tim e

c o s t-o f-liv in g

c u p a tio n s ,
h ou r)

fo r

s c h e d u le

e x c lu d e

h o lid a y s ,

a ls o ,

c lu d e d .

sh ow n

w e e k ly

d a ta

w eek en d s,
c lu d e d

a re

r e g u la r

(in

p r o fe s s io n a l,

in fo r m a tio n

e ffe c tiv e

v a c a tio n s ;
w ork

of

in

e s­

fr o m

are

of
(c )

te c h n ic a l;

m a te r ia l

to

sam e

E a r n in g s

fo llo w in g

and

(b )

h a v in g

th e

The

o ffic e

S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l d a ta

lis h m e n ts

d e s c r ip tio n s ).

th e

v a r ie ty

d e s ig n e d

a ll

in d u s tr ie s .

on

w ith in

in

am ong

in d ic a te th e

s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fits

in d u s tr ie s , but a r e

e m p lo y e d

d u tie s

a

o n ly to

accu racy

a ls o

and

p r o fe s s io n a l,

e x c lu d e d .

of

d e s c r ip tio n s

v a r ia tio n

to

th e

an d tr a in e e s ) en g a g ed

O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i ­

in d u s tr ie s .

O ffic e

(a )

nance

a

in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t

p re se n te d
tio n s:

on

a ll

e x e c u tiv e ,

e x e c u tiv e ,

m in im u m

and
fo r

a n d n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

based
of

p re se n te d

lis h m e n t p o lic y , 3 p r e s e n te d

s e le c te d

stru ctu re

d iffe r e n c e s

S u p p le m e n ta r y

w ork ers.

c o n s tr u c tio n

u fa c tu r in g

E a r n in g s

o c c u p a tio n s

serve
T h ese

a ffe c t

and

in c lu d e w o r k in g

in d u s tr ie s .

The

to ta l

in

s tu d ie d .

O c c u p a tio n s

is

in c lu d e s

m a n u fa c tu r in g

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

b e lo w

stu d ie d

m a te r ia lly

p la n t

b u lle tin ,

in s u r e

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

to a l l

in o c c u p a t i o n a l

s tu d ie d .

P r a c tic e s

c lu d in g le a d m e n

th e

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

b a s e d o n th e

r e la tin g

th e

o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d

e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s

at m in i­

accu racy

of s m a ll

how ever,

E s tim a te s

th e re fo r e ,

b a s is

jo b s

In fo r m a tio n
le c te d

W h erever
th e

a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts , an d to

o b ta in

d a ta ,

w e ig h t.

p re se n te d ,

on a

s u r v e y in g

r e s u lts .

a p p r o p r ia te

are

in d u s tr y

s iz e

of

c o n d u c te d

g r e a te r p r o p o r tio n

s tu d ie d .

not

m in is tr a tiv e ,
are

th e

E s ta b lis h m e n t

w ork ers"
su rveys

o f d iffe r e n c e s

e s tim a te s

rep resen t

stu d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c tu a lly

ex­

d iv is io n s .
T h ese

of

e s tim a te s

o f th e

serv ­

in s u ffic ie n t

of

th e

scop e

o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

im p o r ta n c e

b e s id e s

c o n s tr u c tio n

h a v in g

p r o v id e d

th e

w ith in th e

B ecau se

ta b lis h m e n ts ,

u t ilit ie s ; w h o le ­

r e a l e s t a t e ;a n d

b ecau se

are

su rveyed .

w age

o b ta in e d

s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .*
1

ta b u la tio n s

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

tr a n s p o r ta tio n

a n d o th e r p u b lic

a ls o

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t

S ta tis ­

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

e x c lu d e d

o m itte d

and

d a ta

in d u s tr ia l

L abor

r e p r e s e n ta tiv e

o p e r a tio n s

o c c u p a tio n s

area,

in s u r a n c e ,

E s ta b lis h m e n ts

se p a ra te

im p o r ta n t

B u reau

M a n u fa c tu r in g ;

d iv is io n s :

groups

are

several

L abor*s

o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s

fie ld

govern m en t

w orkers

p o s s ib le ,

of

of

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

in d u s tr ie s .

num ber

one

tr a d e ; fin a n c e ,

in d u s tr y

are

of

in d u s tr y

r e ta il

is

b a s is .

B u reau

r a ilr o a d s ),

tra d e ;

ic e s .

su rveys

broad

(e x c lu d in g

area

D ep a rtm en t

a r e a w id e

p e r so n a l v is its

s a le

th e

c o n d u c te d

b e n e fits
w ith in

L o u is

w h ic h

T h is

rep ort

1 1 1 .,

V o ta v a ,

by

w as

W oodrow

R e g io n a l

See

ta b le

2

The

ta b u la tio n

r e la te s

1

W age

1
w ork ers

prep ared

o n ly




fo r

L in n ,

th e

m in im u m

p r o v is io n s

B u reau *s

under

In d u s tr ia l

m in im u m -s iz e
of

to

C .
and

in

d ir e c tio n

R e la tio n s
ra te s

o ffic e
of

in

e ith e r

G eorge

of

w om en

ta b le
o ffic e

B -3 )

w ork ers.

1

fo llo w in g
or

S c h e d u le d

w ork ers

stu d ie d .

e s ta b lis h m e n t

th e

su rvey,
4

covered.

fo r

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

A n
of

th e

A n a ly s t.

e s ta b lis h m e n t

e n tra n ce
in

th e

r e g io n a l

are

(2 )

had

c o n s id e r e d
(l)

as

p r o v is io n s

hou rs

fo r

in

in o f f i c e s

te rm s
w ith th e

o ffic e

of

h a v in g

O p era ted

fo rm a l

w e e k ly

p re se n te d

e m p lo y e d

w as

c o n d itio n s :

th e

la te

p o lic y

s h ifts

c o v e r in g
w ork ers

p r o p o r tio n

in d ic a te d

a

la te
(fir s t
of

if

at

it

m et

th e t i m e

s h ifts .
s e c tio n

w om en

w e e k ly h o u r s fo r

of

o ffic e
w om en

2

a c c o r d i n g t o e m p lo y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u t in g v a c a t io n p a y m e n t s ,
su ch
a s t im e p a y m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s ,
o r fla t-s u m
a m ou n ts.

w ith

H ow ever,

p a y o r a p r o p o r tio n
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .

in th e t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t io n a llo w a n c e s b y y e a r s

p a y m en ts n ot

on a

of

of

2

p ercen t

1 w e e k ls

t im e

b a s is

annual

w ere

e a r n in g s

co n v e rte d ; fo r

w as

c o n s id e r e d

of

s e r v ic e ,

a

paym ent

e x a m p le ,
as

th e

e q u iv a le n t

of

pay.

b e n e fits

o f p a id

p la n s f o r
e x c e p tin g

are

p resen ted

fo r

a ll

h e a lth ,

in s u ra n c e ,

w h ic h a t le a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e
o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s s u c h a s w o r k m e n * s

and

p e n s io n

b y th e e m p lo y e r ,
c o m p e n s a tio n an d

s o c ia l s e c u r it y . S u c h p la n s in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l
in s u r a n c e
com p a n y and th ose
p r o v id e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fu n d
o r p a id
d ir e c t ly b y th e
fo r

e m p lo y e r o u t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu n d s

set

a s id e

th is

life

p u rp ose.

D ea th

b e n e fits a r e

or

in c lu d e d

fro m
as

a

a

fu n d

fo r m

in s u r a n c e .

of

su ra n ce

th e in s u r e d

on

a w e e k ly

o r m o n th ly

b a s is

d u r in g

illn e s s

o r a c c id e n t

d is a b ilit y .
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll
s u c h p la n s t o w h ic h th e
e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h
have

en a cted

p lo y e r

tem p ora ry

c o n tr ib u t io n s , 5

tr ib u te s

m ore

th a n

T a b le

is

1:

d is a b ilit y

p la n s a r e
le g a lly

in s u r a n c e

in c lu d e d

r e q u ir e d ,

la w s

w h ic h

r e q u ir e

o n ly if th e e m p lo y e r
or

(2 )

p r o v id e s

th e

(l)

of

In d u stry d iv is io n

o f t h e w o r k e r 1s p a y
S ep a ra te
ta b u la tio n s

th e p r o p o r t io n s

C a ta strop h e

n orm al cov era ge

th e

la w .

T a b u la tio n s

w h ic h

p la n s

p r o v id e

fu ll

d u r in g a b s e n c e
fr o m
w ork
are
p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g
to

w ork ers

who

s o m e tim e s

d octors*

o f h o s p ita liz a tio n ,

are

p r o v id e d

r e fe r r e d

m e d ic a l,

r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g

fe e s .

S u ch

p la n s

p la n s th a t p r o v id e
life .

m ay

be

fo r

and

s ic k n e s s

to

as

to ta l

is

ex ten d ed

s u r g ic a l p la n s .

c o m p le te

u n d e r w r itte n

m o n th ly p a y m e n t s f o r th e

M ed­

o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n t
by

c o m m e r c ia l

r e m a in d e r

of

th e

in ­

be s e lfto th o s e
w ork er*s

em ­
5

con ­

e m p lo y e e

do

not

T h e t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lifo r n ia
r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u t io n s .

L o u is,

M o. ,

by m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n ,

N u m b e r of e sta b lish m e n ts
W ith in
scop e of
s tu d y

and

F ebru ary

R hode

Is la n d

1956

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f stu d y

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
T o ta l3

_

903

224

3 1 6 ,6 0 0

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------ -----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4 ______
W h o l e s a le t r a d e ______________________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 5_______ ___________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e _________________
S e r v i c e s 8 ___________________________________________ __________

101

417
486

104
1 20

2 1 6 ,3 0 0
1 0 0 ,3 0 0

56
153
64
111
102

24
34
15
25
22

3 1 ,7 0 0
1 9 ,0 0 0
1 7 ,7 0 0
1 7 ,6 0 0
1 4 ,3 0 0

101
51
101
51
51

of

in s u r a n c e ,

______________________________________________________

A l l d iv isio n s

of

s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s
o r n o n p r o fit
o r g a n iz a t io n s
o r th e y m a y
in s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim it e d

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in S t .
M in im u m
s iz e
e s ta b lis h ­
m ent
in s c o p e o f
s tu d y 2

to fo r m a l

m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ,
in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w h ic h a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s a n d in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e

of

to

r e q u ir e m e n ts

a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k
le a v e , a n u n d u p lic a t e d
sh ow n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e iv e e ith e r o r b o th ty p e s o f b e n e fit.

ic a l in s u r a n c e

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim it e d to th a t ty p e o i in ­
u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y

e x c e e d th e

( l ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e fu ll p a y a n d n o w a it in g p e r i o d , a n d (2 ) p la n s
p r o v id in g e ith e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a it in g
p e r io d .
In a d d it io n t o t h e
p r e s e n ta tio n

D a ta

w h ic h

s ic k - le a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d

O ffic e

P la n t

T o ta l 3

2 1 3 ,2 0 0

1 7 6 ,0 2 0

2 5 ,3 0 0

161, 300
5 1 ,9 0 0

1 2 3 ,2 5 0
5 2 ,7 7 0

5 ,5 0 0
6, 000

1 7 ,9 0 0
8 ,5 0 0

2 5 , 140
7 ,4 3 0
7, 350
8, 080
4, 770

5 2 ,0 0 0

26, 7 0 0

( 6)
9 ,4 0 0
( 6)

7

(*)
1 ,6 0 0
( 6)

1 T h e S t . L o u i s M e t r o p o li t a n A r e a ( C i t y o f S t .
L o u is ,
S t. L o u is
an d S t .
C h a r l e s C o u n t i e s , M o . ; an d M a d i s o n a n d S t . C l a i r C o u n t i e s , 1 1 1 .).
Th e "w o r k e r s
w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h i s t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t i n d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p l a n ­
n ing o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b ly in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y p e r io d s tu d ie d an d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m
th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m s i z e l i m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in su c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e ,
f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , an d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
3 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , t e c h n i c a l , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e and p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
4 A l s o e x c lu d e s t a x i c a b s , an d s e r v i c e s i n c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n .
5 E x c l u d e s d e p a r t m e n t an d l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r i e t y s t o r e s .
6 T h i s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A an d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t to
j u s t i f y s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta .
7 E s t i m a t e r e l a t e s to r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o n ly .
8 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s ; r a d io b r o a d c a s t in g a n d t e le v is i o n ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f it m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n i z a t io n s ; a n d
e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




3
W a g e T r e n d s f o r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G r o u p s

T a b u la t e d b e lo w a r e in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f w o m e n o f f i c e c l e r i ­
c a l w o r k e r s , a n d o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F or
o ffic e
c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , th e in d e x e s
r e la te to a v e r a g e
w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s o f w o r k , th a t i s , th e s ta n d a r d w o r k
s c h e d u le f o r w h ic h s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a r e p a id . F o r p la n t w o r k e r

The
s a la r y
c e iv e d

tu rn ov er
in c r e a s e
p a tio n

and

p r o p o r tio n

days,

p lo y e d

key

la te

s h ifts .

o c c u p a tio n s

and

The

in d e x e s

based

m ost

in c lu d e

a re
th e

n u m e r ic a lly

of

on

d a ta

e a c h g r o u p . E ig h t e e n j o b s w e r e in c lu d e d in t h e
10 s k ille d m a in t e n a n c e jo b s a n d 3 u n s k ille d jo b s

in

p la n t

w ork er

A verage
com p u ted
o r h o u r ly

fo r

in d e x e s .

w e e k ly

each

of

fo o tn o te s

1954

or

s e le c te d

o c c u p a tio n s .

e m p lo y m e n t

in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n s
o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p .
y e a r to th e

to

s a la r ie s

e a r n in g s w e re th en m u ltip lie d

and Jan u a ry

g iv e n

th e

See

w ere

F in a lly ,

a verage

th en a d d ed

a g g reg a te fo r

The

th e b a s e

o b ta in a n

o f D e c e m b e r 1952
e a r n in g s f o r

a g g reg a te fo r

(s u rv e y

m on th ,

1 9 5 2 -5 3 ) w a s c o m p u t e d a n d th e r e s u lt m u lt ip lie d b y th e b a s e
(1 0 0 ) t o g e t th e in d e x f o r th e g iv e n y e a r .

T a b le 2 :

in d e x e s
th e

r e s u lt
of

are
by

in

lo w e r
a ls o

a

drop

a ffe cte d

e s ta b lis h m e n t s

m ovem ent

of

a

th e

by

th e

in d e x ,

w o u ld

s h ifts

w ith

e ffe c ts

w h ereas

h a v e th e

in th e

of

(l)

gen era l

pay

no

a

ch an ge

out
in

m ig h t
occu ­

r e d u c tio n

o p p o s ite

of

in

th e

e ffe c t.

The

w ork ers

of

le v e ls .

e s ta b lis h m e n t

th ou g h

e x p a n s io n
a s p e c ific

p r o p o r tio n

d iffe r e n t

h ig h -p a y in g

each
fo r

of

em ­

F or
an

ra tes

e x a m p le ,

a rea

c o u ld

occu rred

in

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h t s e lim in a t e s th e e ffe c t s
c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b i n ­

c lu d e d

in

th e

in d e x .

N or

are

th e

in d e x e s

in flu e n c e d

s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r
a r e b a s e d on p a y fo r s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r s .

by

ch an ges

o v e r tim e ,

in

s in c e th e y

a

w in te r

y e a r in d e x

In d ex es fo r

th e

p e r io d

la b o r m a r k e ts ,
appeared
in
B e n e fits ,
17 L a b o r M a r k e t s ,

1952

to

1955

BLS
B u ll.
1 9 5 4 -5 5 .

fo r

1172,

w ork ers
W ages

in 1 7 m a j o r
and

R e la t e d

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l 1 an d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d p la n t o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s 2
in S t. L o u i s , M o . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 5 5 an d F e b r u a r y 1 9 5 6 , an d p e r c e n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r io d s
In d e x e s
(D e c e m b e r 1 952 s 1 00)

I n d u s t r y an d o c c u p a t i o n a l g ro u p

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —

F ebru ary
1956

F ebruary
1955

F e b ru a ry 1955
to
F e b ru a ry 1956

A l l in d u s tr ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) ----------------------------------------------------S k il l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ---------------------------------------------U n s k i l l e d p la n t ( m e n ) -------------------------------------------------- -------

114. 7
1 1 7 .3
1 1 6 .6

110. 1
1 1 0 .5
1 1 1 .7

4 .2
6. 1
4 .4

M a n u fa c tu r in g :
O ff i c e c l e r i c a l ( w o m e n ) ---------------------------------------- -----------S k il l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) -----------------------------------------------U n s k i l l e d p la n t (m e n ) ----------------------------------------------------------

1 1 3 .9
1 1 6 .8
1 1 5 .2

1 0 8 .8
1 1 0 .0
1 1 0 .2

4. 8
6 .2
4. 6

1

in

p a id w o r k e r s

c a u s e th e in d e x t o d r o p , e v e n
o th e r a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n t s .

w ere

s a la r ie s

th e se grou p a g g re g a te s
p e r io d

jo b s

c le r ic a l
in c lu d e d

e a r n in g s

average

T h e s e w e ig h te d

to
of

o ffic e
w ere

p r in c ip a lly

m e r it
or
o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y
re ­
w h ile in th e
s a m e jo b ; and
(3 ) l a b o r

2.

h o u r ly

b y th e a v e r a g e

in th e j o b .

th e r a t io

ta b le

s e le c te d

im p o r ta n t

w ith in
in d e x ;
th e

fo r

m easu re

o r f o r c e e x p a n s io n o r r e d u c tio n .
A fo r c e
th e p r o p o r t io n
o f l o w e r p a id w o r k e r s in

g r o u p s , th e i n d e x e s m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ,
e x c lu d in g p r e m iu m
p a y fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o li­
and

in d e x e s

and w age
c h a n g e s ; (2 )
b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s

B a s e d on d a ta f o r th e f o l lo w i n g j o b s :

O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ):
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e ( b i lli n g m a c h in e )
B o o k k e e p i n g -m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A and B
C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A an d B
C le r k s , o rd e r
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
K e y -p u n c h o p e r a to r s
O ffic e g ir ls
S e c r e ta r ie s
S te n o g ra p h ers, gen era l
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s
T r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l
T y p is t s , c la s s A and B
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

2

D e c e m b e r 1952:
to
Jan uary 1954

Jan uary 1952
to
D e ce m b e r 1952

J an u ary 1952
to
F e b r u a r y 1956

4 .2
3 .2
3 .0

5 .7
7. 1
8. 5

6 .3
5 .1
4 .5

2 2 .0
2 3 .2
21. 8

3 .1
2 .9
2. 6

5 .5
7 .0
7 .4

7 .6
5 .0
4. 8

2 2 .6
22. 7
20. 8

J a n u a r y T9 5 4
to
F e b ru a ry 1955

B a s e d on d a ta f o r th e f o llo w i n g j o b s :
S k ille d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) :
C a rp en ters
E le c tr ic ia n s
M a c h in is ts
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t iv e
M i ll w r i g h t s
P a in te r s
P ip e fitte r s
S h e e t -m e ta l w o r k e r s
T o o l an d d ie m a k e r s
U n s k i l l e d p la n t ( m e n ):
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , an d c l e a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g
W a tc h m e n




5

A : O ccupational Earnings

Table A-1: Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s 1 fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in St. L o u is , M o . , b y in d u s try d iv is io n , F e b r u a r y 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Avebagk
Number
of
workers

S e x , o cc u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
U nder
earnings
(Standard) $
4 0 . 00

$
4 0 .0 0
and
under
4 5 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

_
-

_
-

67
38
29

95
69
26

62
36
26

90
54
36

86
48
38

29
25
4

35
22
13

36
20
16

2
1
1

13
1
12

2
2

_
-

-

57

53
42
11

14
14

$
9 5 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0
and
1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 o v e r

M en
_
-

_
-

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s A
- —
—
-- - __ _
_ _ _ _ _ _
________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------------------------

55 9
363“
196

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 6 .5 0
8 8 . 50
8 3 .5 0

-

-

1
1

-

11
9
2

-

29
13
16

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s B
M a n u f a c t u r in g _
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------------------------

187
81
106

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 8 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

_
-

4
4

12
4
8

15
3
12

35
13
22

9
2
7

23
13
10

23
11
12

13
11
2

C l e r k s , o r d e r — __
_ _ _ _ _
_ __ _
_ _
M a n u f a c t u r in g
________ ,______ -...................... ..................
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _ _ _ _ _
_
_
_____

4 53
189
264

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 5 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

_ ■
-

1
1

6
6

5
5

32
32

69
34
35

59
18
41

92
39
53

27
9
18

—
r
51

19
13
6

-

-

C le r k s , p a y r o ll _ _ _ _ _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____

_ __ __ __ __ _
_ __
___
___ _ __

167
151

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 0 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

_

_

10
10

18
15

11
9

4
1

24
21

34
34

24
21

15
14

5
5

6

-

2
2

4
4

O f f i c e b o y s — __ __ _ __ __ __ __ _ __ __ __ __
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g __
__ _ __
__
__ _

359
192
167

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

4 6 . 50
4 8 .0 0
4 4 .5 0

*4 9
11
38

94
42
52

106
68
38

73
45
28

29
22
7

7
3
4

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

-

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
M a n u f a c t u r in g _
__
__ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ __
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
_ __

219
141
78

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 5 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
7 5 . 50

_
-

1
1

9
9

-

-

10
4
6

15
7
8

29
17
12

17
10
7

40
32
8

36
19
17

25
21
4

9
7
2

B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) _ ___ ____ ______________
_
M a n u f a c t u r in g _
— __ _____ _______ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g __
__ __ __ __
— _. __ _

275
116
159

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

5 8 .0 0
5 9 . 50
5 7 .0 0

_
-

40
8
32

29
9
20

39
13
26

60
34
26

34
22
12

23
15
8

32
8
24

10
5
5

2
2
-

6
6

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g __
__ -------- __ ___
_ __

193
138

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

6 1 .5 0
5 9 .0 0

_

_
-

45
45

17
14

63
33

29
23

13
5

5
2

1
1

3

-

13
13

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g — -------- — — — ------------------ ------N o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g _ _ _ _ _ _ — __
_
_____ __ _ __
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e — __ __
_____ _____ __ _
F in a n ce
—
----___ _
__ _

1. 045
397
648
189
359

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

5 3 .0 0
5 7 .5 0
5 0 . 00
5 7 .0 0
4 6 .0 0

14
14
10

173
7
166

222

153
98
55
46
1

51
33
18
14
2

26
20
6
6

12
9

_
_

1
1
_

-

152

172
85
87
47
29

_

51
171
14
137

221
93
128
58
28

-

-

-

"

-

-

594
295
299
45

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 0 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
6 8 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

_
-

_
-

8
8

28

-

-

-

-

105
79
26
10

78
54
24
5

53
26
27
10

10

-

101
32
69
7

130

24

50
35
15

23
15
8
5

8
2
6
6

_ _____
_____ ____
_____ __ _
_____ __ _
__ ____ __
__ ________

1, 57 8
49 1
1, 087
193
151
412

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

5 4 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
5 2 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
5 6 .0 0
4 7 .5 0

236

35 2
124
228
47
58
69

316
79
237
63
29
49

61
24
37
19
1
1

29
29
_
_

11

11 ,

4

8

7
_
4

3

_
166

258
73
185
12
18
107

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

__
_ ____
_ __ _ ____
___
_____ _
---- __ . ___

361
202
159
73

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

5 8 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
5 6 .5 0
5 4 .0 0

23
23
5

32
8
24
17

70
40
30
17

80
49
31
21

5
3
2

1
1
-

7
1
6

8
2
6

_ — __

-

11
---------6”
5

-

10
7
3

8
7
1

24
23
1

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

"

-

"

9
9

6
4
2

_
-

-

2
2

2
1
1

5

2
2

3
3

3
3

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
4
3

5
4
1

1
1

4
4

_
_

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

-

-

"

-

-

"

-

3
1

1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

12
12

W om en

*
*

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s
M a n u f a c t u r in g _
—
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g __
P u b lic u t i li t ie s *

A --------------------------------------------------__ __ __ __
__ __ __ _ __
__
___ _____ __ __ __ ____
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ _

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s
M a n u f a c t u r in g _
._ __
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g __
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * __
W h o le s a le t r a d e _ _
F in a n ce * *
—
—

B
__ __ __
_____ ___ _
_
__ __ __ __
__ __ ___
__ _ _ _ _ _
— — _ __

__ __
__ __
_____
__
_ _
_ __

C l e r k s , file , c l a s s A _ __ __
__ __ __
M a n u f a c t u r in g — — — — _ -------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g __ __ __ __ __ __ _
F in a n ce **
—
— ------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .
* T r a n s p o r ta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o i
** F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




.

45
-------- r _

33

39
_
2
5

_
-

M unication, and o th er pub lic u t ilit ie s .
_____________
_
NOTE:

4

203
3

4

44

86
2

173
— ST106
30
32
15

83
41
42
19
7

109

25
2
23
8

%
13
5

-

3

-

1

4

6
-

v

-

*

"

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

>
-

_
_

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

1

_

1
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

O ccu p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y , St. L o u is , M o. , F e b ru a r y 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F LABO R

Data fo r non m an u fa ctu rin g do not in clu d e in fo r m a tio n f o r d e p a rtm e n t and
lim it e d -p r ic e v a r ie t y s t o r e s ; the r e m a in d e r o f r e t a il tra d e is a p p r o p r ia t e ly
r e p r e s e n te d in* data f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d and f o r n on m a n u fa ctu rin g.

B ureau of L a b o r S ta tistics

6

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s 1 fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
in St. L o u is , M o . , b y in d u stry d iv is io n , F e b ru a r y 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
Number
of
workers

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

U nder
Weekly
earnings
$
(Standard) 4 0 . 00

$
4 0 .0 0
and
under
4 5 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 . 00

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
$
9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 00

6 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 . 00

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 . 00

9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0

6
1
5
4
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

3
3
3

$
$
$
$
$
1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 n o . o o 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0
and
1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0

over

W o m e n - C o n t in u e d
C le r k s , file , c la s s B
. . .
___ ._ — _____ .
M a n u fa c t u r i n g ____________ __________ ____ ____ __ _ ____
_ _
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _
— — — - — — — P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * -------------------------------------------------------------W h o l e s a le t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e * * --------------------------------------------------------------------------

993
3*2>9
624
48
169
296

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

$
4 5 .5 0
4 6 .5 0
4 5 .0 0
5 0 .5 0
5 0 .0 0
4 3 .0 0

3 160
54
106
_
5
52

_ —
—
____ — —
_ __
C le r k s , o r d e r _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____ _____________________________ _______ _
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________________

444
180
264

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

5 3 .5 0
5 3 .5 0
5 3 .5 0

13
5
8

C le r k s , p a y r o ll _
__
_
__ __ _____
__ —
M a n u fa c t u r in g _
__
__ __ __ __ „
__ __ ------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
__
__ __ __ __ __
__ __ _
P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * _________________________________________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e
_
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ _

816
524
292
126
85

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 0 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
6 4 .5 0
6 7 . 50

1
1
"

-

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

5 8 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
5 8 .5 0
5 6 .0 0

1
1
-

82
40
42
19

_
_____ __ __ __ __ _
C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s __ _____ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________________ _____________ ______ ___ ______
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _
__ __ __
__
__
__ _
W h o l e s a le t r a d e
— _ __ __ __ __ _

1, 105
583“
422
171

351
------ 96“
25 5
9
46
170

234
103
131
17
56
42

139
72
67
12
29
14

48
34
14
2
8
-

46
9
37
4
15
18

-

-

“

80
42
38

99
35
64

61
24
37

72
20
52

39
20
19

29
8
21

24
15
9

24
9
15

39
31
8
8

89
60
29
11

132
81
51
25
11

160
127
33
7
16

92
53
39
7
25

50
13
37
9
19

46
22
24
15
5

27
10
17
72

5
5
_

-

155
119
36
21
5

*

"

1

170
110
60
28

181
123
58
31

195
105
90
37

214
154
60
33

116
81
35
14

58
30
28
2

64
22
42
3

12
-------- 5“
6
3

6
5
1
1

5
5
-

1
1
-

_
-

-

-

39
20
19

15
14
1

20
11
9

20
9
11

3
3

-

_
_

_

"

-

-

126
76
50
10
19

114
56
58
13
21

92
45
47
16
25

72
38
34
17

21
10
11
10

1
1
_

-

7
1
6
1
4

8

1

13
12

_

_

_

D u p l ic a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ( m i m e o g r a p h
o r d it to ) _
__ __ __ __
__ __ _____ __ __ __ __ _
M a n u fa c t u r i n g _ ____________ ___________ __ _________ __ _
_
_
_ _
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _
__ __
—
_
__ _

146
90
56

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 3 .5 0
5 3 .0 0
5 4 .0 0

9
5
4

17
12
5

23
16
7

K e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s
__
__ __ _ __ __ __ ____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________ __ ____________ ________ ___ _____ _
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __ __ __
__ __ _ __ __
____
P u b li c u t i l i t i e s *
__
__ __ __ __ _____ __ _
F i n a n c e * * -------------------------------------------------------------------------

740
390
350
78
175

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

5 7 .0 0
5 7 .0 0
5 7 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
5 2 .5 0

10
10
-

84
39
45
39

115
50
65
3
50

O f f i c e g i r l s __
__ __ ._ __ __ __ _ __ __ — — _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------------------------

28 5
121

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

4 7 .0 0
4 8 .0 0

48
17

75
34

85
31

30
14

25
7

2 ,4 3 3

7 3 .0 0
,’ 6 . 0 0
6 8 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
6 2 .5 0

4
4

14

54

99
12
87
4
16
45

171
78
93
18
39

341
T S T "1
176
20
50
78

3 80
204
176
17
57
58

347
259

1, 067
221
30 0
344

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

21
37
20

39 0
246
144
47
51
34

3, 392
1, 7 2 6
1 ,6 6 6
336
496
545 '

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

5 9 . 00
60. 00
5 8 .0 0
6 3 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
5 4 .0 0

666
275
391
59

787
430
35 7

104

158

140
71

291
168
123
39
56
20

230

111

653
434
21 9
40
52
107

242
199

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 4 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

10
8

62
36

59
53

73
66

28
27

S e c r e t a r ie s _.
— __
M a n u fa c t u r in g _
_ __
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __
P u b li c u t i l i t i e s *
W h o l e s a le t r a d e
F in a n c e * * __
__

__

__
__
__
__
__

__
_____
__ _ _ __ __
_ _
_ __ __ __ __
__
__ __
__ __ — __ — __
__ _____ _
_
__ __

_____
_ __
_____
__ __
__ —
__ __

__ _
___

— __ _

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a * ....___ __ __
_
_ _____ M a n u fa c t u r in g ____ ______ ______ __ __ _________ __ __ _
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g - _____ __ __ __ __ __ __ — __ _
P u b li c u t i l i t i e s *
_ ___________________________________
_
W h o l e s a le t r a d e ...... ....... __ __ _____ _ _ _ _ _
F in a n c e * *
__ _____ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ _
S te n o g ra p h e rs, te c h n ica l

_ _ _ _ _ _

M anufacturing--------------------------------------------------------------

1, 366

-

-

-

14
12
2

54
8
42

8
8
8

108
30
78
4
7
57

4 21
166
255
26
71
101

-

-

_

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .
* T r a n sp o rta tio n (ex clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ),c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s
** F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




_

—

98
64"
34
8
17

66

5

1

-

88

_
_
-

-

-

-

3

.
_

Z

_

_
-

_
_
-

-

_
_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_
_

_
-

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
1
15
15

3
1
2
1

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

1
1
1

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

_
-

_
_
_

_
-

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
_

_

_
_

-

-

~

-

-

"

“

-

-

_
_

_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27 0
148
122
62
28
16

157
98
59
35
15
8

82
45
37
15
4
1

34
30
4
2
1

28
27
1
_
1

23
22
1
_

14

8

8

8

6

_

_
_

_
_
_

17
16
1

-

-

-

-

-

81
26

20
17
3

11

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_

12
3
9
5
_

-

-

5

58
31
25

55

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

2

_

1

1

_

1

_

1

1

6
---------- 5 ^

_
-

-

1

-

TzT~ — 4 5 ^
104
50
34
19

4
4
4

16
_

1

6

_
1

_
_

!

7

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings 1 fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
in St. L ou is, M o. , by industry d ivision , February 1956)
Average
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

W
eekly
W
eekly
hours
earnings Under
(Standard) (Standard) $
40 00

-

$
$
40. 00 45.00
under
45.00

50.00

$
50.00
55.00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
55. 00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00
~
"
“
"
“•
and
60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 over

Women - Continued
Switchboard op era tors
__
__ _ __ __ __
M anu factu ring________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing __ _
__
Finance **
__
__ __

368
100
268
84

41.0
39.5
4 1.0
4 0.0

<
P
55.50
64.00
52.50
50.50

-

-

"

16
11

75
122
3 — FT
56
119
23
39

Switchboard o p e ra tor-recep tion ists _
Manufacturing _
Nonmanufacturing
_ ......

596
323
273

39.5
39.5
39.5

54. 00
54.50
54.00

4
' 4

55
23
32

105
52
53

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a t o r s _________________________
Manufacturing _
_
_
_ _
_ _
Nonmanufacturing __ __
__ __ ____ __ _ __ __ _
Public utilitie s * __________________________________

221
108
113
45

39.0
39.5
38.5
40.0

70.50
68.50
72.50
83.00

_
-

5
1
4
-

T ranscribing-m achin e op era tors, gen eral _
Manufacturing _
Nonmanufacturing _
.
_ ........ . .

589
361
228

39.5
39.0
39.5

54.50
55.50
53.50

9
5
4

819
438
381

39.0
40.0
38.5

58.50
59.50
57.50

2,378
1,063
1,315
123
395
514

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0
37.5

49.50
51.00
48.50
54.50
52.50
45.00

T y p ists, cla ss A
__ __
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

___

_

_
_

_

_ __
__

T yp ists, cla ss B _
.
_ __________ ____
M anu factu ring_
Nonmanufacturing __
______
__ _ __ _ __
Public utilitie s *
__ ___
__ _ _
__
W holesale trade
__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Finance ** _ _ _ _ _ _ _
1
2
3
*
**

. .
__ _
__ _
_ __

_

16

41
14
27
6

30
14
16
3

43
23
20
2

20
13
7
-

17
10
7
-

-

1
1
_
-

148
100
48

161
84
77

76
44
32

28
16
12

8
1
7

9
1
8

1
1
-

_
-

4
4
"

10
5
5
1

23
11
12
5

41
29
12
1

33
19
14
7

17
7
10
2

48
26
22
3

9
5
4
-

43
10
33

102
53
49

166
111
55

96
63
33

90
59
31

66
54
12

7
4
3

6
2
4

3
3

8
1
7

76
34
42

183
97
86

207
95
112

210
144
66

56
23
33

51
23
28

109
38
71
_
6
46

531

651
304
347
35
98
143

556
250
306
27
163
63

259
189
70
16
19
24

173
93
80
8
48
5

68
21
47
9
33
”

22
1
15
12
_
“

16 0

371
16
26
233

3
3
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_

_

_
_
-

_

-

1
1
-

.

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

12
3
9
9

2
2
-

11
_
11
11

1
1
1

3
_
3
3

2
_
2
2

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

1
1

2
_
2

1
_
1

_

_

_

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

.
_
-

14
6
12 ------- 5“
2
-

5
3
2

-

-

_
-

_
_

-

•-

-

_
-

-

_

_

_

_
_
_
-

_
_
_ .
-

- ■
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

8
8
_
2
"

1
1
_
_
_
-

_

_

_

_

Hours re fle ct the workweek fo r which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp on d to these weekly hours.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 10 at $30 to $35; 39 at $35 to $40.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 4 at $25 to $30; 80 at $30 to $35; 76 at $35 to $40.
T ransportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), communication, and other public u tilities.
Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings 1 fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
in St. L ouis, M o. , by industry division , F ebruary 1956)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F—

W
eekly
W
eekly Under
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) $
55.00

$
55. 00
and
under
60.00

$
60. 00

$
65.00

$
70.00

$
75.00

$
80.00

$
85.00

65.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00

90.00

$
90.00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
'95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00
and
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 over

Men
645
545

40.0
40.0

$
106.00
106.50

_

_

_

-

~

-

8
3

22
15

15
11

50
41

45
39

__ __ __ _

439
357

39.5
40.0

79.50
79.00

25
14

28
13

59
50

42
40

32
31

33
30

72
71

47
47

N u rse s, industrial (reg istered ) ___ __ __ __ __ ____ _
M anu factu ring__ __ __ __ __ __ __
__ _______ __

226
206

40.0
40.0

73. 00
73. 00

_

20
20

31
27

38
37

34
28

59
56

25
21

8
7

D raftsm en, senior
M anu factu ring__ ____

_
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ _______

D raftsm en, junior .
M anu factu ring__ __ __ __ __ ____

____

83
73

—
W
r

8
8 —

52

53
47

41
38

39
38

51
50

61
59

21
r

7
3

43
12

20
20

_

-

2
2

2
2

3
3

1
1

_

_

39
38

64
39

22
18

.

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

“

“

“

Women

1 Hours re flect
 the workweek


~

5
4

fo r which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e sala ries and the earnings corresp on d to these w eeklyhours.

_

“

Occupational Wage Survey, St. Louis, Mo., Pbbruaryl956
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

8

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average hourly earnings 1 fo r men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in St. Louis, M o ., by industry division, February 1956)

Under
$
1. 60

1.60
and
under
1. 70

"1

$

$

$

1.80

2.00

$ 2. 10

$ 2.20

$ 2.30

$ 2.40

$ 2. 50

2 .00

2. 10

2 .20

2.30

2.40

2. 50

2. 60

14
10

$1. 70

o

Occupation and industry division

Average
hourly
earnings

• C
O oD

NUMBER OF W
ORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

10
5

32
31

101
96

62
58

1.90

2
7
T

$

2. 60

* 2 . 70

$ 2 .8 0

$ 2. 90

$ 3. 00

* 3 .1 0

$3 . 20
and

2. 70

2. 80

2 .9 0

3.00

3. 10

3.20

over

52
52

44
"44

"

23
23

•

11
5

14
6

91
9l

_

-

-

38
34

18
18

31
3l

-

Carpenters, maintenance ---------------------------------M anu factu ring-----------------------------------------------

637
601

$
2.41
2.41

E lectricia n s, m ain ten an ce--------------------------------M anufacturing-----------------------------------------------

1, 579
1,440

2.50
2.49

_
~

”

1
“

5
5

21
17

40
23

73
71

Engineers, stationary --------------------------------------M anu factu ring-----------------------------------------------

356
289

2.44
2.53

19
-

_
"

_
-

11
5

2
2

11
9

35
19

35
34

Firem en, stationary b oiler -----------------------------M anufacturing----------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------------

504
371
133

2.20
2.22
2. 15

243
13
30

9
7
2

11
11
-

8
4
4

59
55
4

17
17
-

91
86
5

H elpers, trades, m a in te n a n ce -----------------------------------------------------M anufacturing-------------- —
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------

1,540
1,41$
125

2.07
2.09
1.95

31
20
11

38
36
2

114
112
2

157
156
1

457
420
37

114
47
67

80
75
5

M achine-tool op era tors, t o o lr o o m ------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------

742
775

2.42
2.42

_
"

_
■

_
■

2
2

6
6

11
11

114
114

M achinists, maintenance ---------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------

1,416
1,313

2. 54
2. 55

_
•

1
1

1
1

1
1

35
32

52
40

3

1
1
-

54
1
53
53

103

3
"

_
-

87
87

53
53
53

47
45
2
2

305
9
296
283

91
33
58
34

6
6
2

5
5
"

23
15
8
-

49
49
-

65
60
5
“

92
90
2
"

176
176
-

206
IW
12
12

346
334
12
12

299
277
22
18

79
43
36
12

>

_

“

~

11
11

32
32

21
71

114
114

403
403
_

■
_

125
T

43
43

334
331

2 79
215

28
20

44
43

45
45

28
"2 r

21
20
1

51
29
22

53
53
-

82
35
47

59
41
18

125
125

108
108
-

305
305

11
ll
-

_
"

109
rw ~

142
136

23
23

169
169

36
36

121
118

171
i 7i

246
243

T
t

35
32

106
n rr~

221
119
117 ' “ 221

T
£
F
~
294

_

63
63

47
35

“

_

_

2
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

124
“ 124

6
6

_
-

_
-

_

146
146

22
22

222
222

18
18
-

-

_
-

25
25
-

106
TO
O
-

_
”

-

81
81

2
2

13
13

35
35

41
4l

_

.

363

_

_
-

-

_
-

-

_

-

-

_
-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

689
128
561
514

2.25
2.34
2.23
2.22

3
3
“

M echanics, maintenance ---------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing----------------------------------------Public utilities * -------------------------- ----------

1,477
1,3 77
100
54

2.29
2 .29
2.32
2.40

-

11
8
3
-

Millwrights -------------------------------------------------------M anu factu ring-----------------------------------------------

753
755

2.47
2 .4 7

_

_

Oilers __________________________________________
Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------

339

482

2 .0 7
2 .0 8

9
6

57
57

54
38

54
54

76
76

29
25

39
39

35
35

4
-

-

125
119

-

-

-

-

-

Painters, m ain ten an ce--------------------------------------M anufacturing-----------------------------------------------

474
416

2.43
2.40

3
■

3
"

8
8

6
6

15
15

52
52

15
13

36
3o

105
roi

74
“ 74

34
21

24
24

25
25

-

48
47

25
-

P ipefitters, m ain ten an ce----------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------

1, 196
1,156

2.52
2.52

_

_

_

_
-

23
-----21

75
74

135
135

309
309

140
95

97
97

296
“T9S

72
72

_

-

37
37

_

-

12
12

_

-

-

-

-

Sheet-metal w ork ers, m a in ten a n ce-----------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------

222
219

2.50
2.50

_

_

18
— n—

18
18

56
56

58
58

20
20

_

*

38
38

_

"

7
7

_

~

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

Tool and die m akers ----------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------

1, 108

2 .67
2 .6 7

_

_

_
-

99
99

471
471

324
“ “374

153
153

24
24

.

-

23
23

_

-

14
14

_

-

“ *

-

-

o
0
0

M echanics, automotive (m a in te n a n ce )------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------Public utilities * -------------------------------------

_

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

16

^

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

1
-

-

_

“

"

_

-

-

-

Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Occupational Wage Survey, St. Louis, Mo., February 1956
W orkers were distributed as follow s: 10 at $1.10 to $1.20; 19 at $1.20 to $1.30; 2 at $1. 30 to $1.40; 9 at $1.40 to $1.50; and 3 at $1.50 to $1.60.
U .S . DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
* Transportation (excluding ra ilroa d s), com m unication, and other public utilities.
Bureau of L abor Statistics




NOTE:

D ata fo r n on m an u fa ctu rin g do n ot in clu d e in fo r m a tio n fo r depa rtm en t and
l im i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s ; the r e m a in d e r o f r e t a il trade is a p p ro p r ia te ly
r e p r e s e n te d in data f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d and fo r n on m an ufa cturing.

9

Table A-4: Custodial and Material-Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 f o r
S t.

L o u is ,

s e le c te d

M o .,

o c c u p a tio n s 2

b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n ,

stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s

F ebruary

in

1956)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Average
hourly
earnings

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

U nder

0. 80

0 .9 0

1 .0 0

1 . 10

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1. 50

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 . 50

$
2 .6 0

$
0 . 80

O ccu p a tion and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

.9 0

l.Q Q

1 .1 0 .

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

_L5_Q

1 -6 0

1 . 9 0 . JL_QQ_ 2 . 1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 . 60

2 . 70

1
1

3
3

7
7

16

8
3
3

55
55
19

5

$

$

$

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( m e n ) --------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------

161
145

$
1. 15
1 .6 6

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( w o m e n ) -----------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------F in a n c e * * -----------------------------------------------------

261
23 9
77

1 .0 8
1 .0 6
1 .0 5

12
12

G u ards

849
750
99
90

1 .8 2
1 .8 8
1 .3 4
1 .3 5

-

-

1

4 , 115
2 , 702
1 ,4 1 3
208
236
382

1 .4 5
1 .5 8
1 .2 0
1 .5 8
1 .3 9
1 .0 4

70

122

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ( w o m e n ) --------M a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ------------------------------------------F in a n ce * * -----------------------------------------------------

1 ,0 8 7

26

730
99
497

1 . 15
1 .2 9
1 .0 8
1 .3 7
1 .0 5

-

2

1

4

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g -------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------P u b lic u tilit ie s * ----------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e --------------------------------------------

6 ,9 1 5
5 , 169
1, 746
635
66 7

1 . 73
1. 71
1 . 78
1 .8 5
1 .7 0

5
5
-

24
12
12

-

.

-

-

-

-

O r d e r f i l l e r s -----------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ------------------------------------------

2 ,1 6 2
94 3
1 ,2 1 9
749

1. 75
1 .7 1
1. 79
1 .7 9

9

_

-

-

-

9
9

-

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g ( m e n ) --------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------

1, 136
414

1 . 71
1 .7 2
1 .6 9

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g ( w o m e n ) --------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------------

499
395

1 .3 5
1 .3 2

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s -----------------------------------------------------

1 .8 7
1 .8 9
1 .8 1

_

_

_

-

-

-

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------—

597
405
189

-

-

Shipping c le r k s ------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g --------------------------------------------

3 74
255
109

1 .9 3
1 .9 5
1. 89

_

_

-

-

$

---------------------------------------------------------------------

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------F in a n ce * * ----------------------------------------------------J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ( m e n ) ------------N on m an u factu rin g -------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilitie s * *-----------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e -------------------------------------------F in a n ce * * -----------------------------------------------------

w r~

TTl

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

94
94
19

39
39
34

9
8
1

10
10
1

14

14
13

5
4

.

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

7

12

5

-

-

76
61
15
10

12
12

33
33“

5
5

125
115
10
10

61
6l

12
12

45
40
5
5

261
261

7
7

18
8
10
10

129
129

7
7

27
4
23
23

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

230
21
209

341
38
303
2
41
142

318
55
263
10
25
99

180
165
75
14
22
33

261
264
57
12
19
16

614
5 l3
101
38
15
3

525
"4 4 4
81
14
61
1

564
568
56
16
34

346

_

44
44

-

110
105
5
1
1
-

101
92
9

-

289
250
39
34
5
-

602
67
53 5
5
469

58
9
49
7
21

15

59
' 57
2

51

4

2
-

•
—

4

-

-

3
1
2
2
-

_

22
21
-

56
50
6
6

2

15
1
-

14 4
"87
57
57
-

5
5

11

-

11

23
12
11

61
47
14

-

-

-

“

-

96
72
24
2
21

1 03 8
89 2
146
1
14 5

736
TSG
56
3
19

1 54 9
12 1 6
333
152
165

676
567
109
9
21

945
~ 482
463
227
212

88
16
72
52

35
14
21
17

97
68
29
19

341
143
1 98
97

60

-

5
-

-

36

22

30

45
Id
27

32
6

16
7
9

-

-

-

10
10

-

__2. 80

and
over

-

-

-

-

2T

327
122
9 6 "" 193
134
26
10
36

12

261
85
62
13

.

.
-

•-

-

-

109 2
"763“
32 9
217
53

-

-

.

.

_

.

-

-

-

-

4
4

_
.
_

-

.

-

-

-

„

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_
.
.
.

_

_

_
_

_
_
-

.
_
.
_

-

-

-

_

_

_
_

.
_

.
_

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

_

.

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

121
61
60

2

9
1
8

155
155

_

_

-

.
.
„

.
.
_

“

“

-

_

.

_

.

-

-

.
_

-

-

.
-

15
7
------- j r T5~

-

367
19 <
5
168
22
5

_

18

-

2
2
-

.

.

.
.

8

-

-

_

40 9
172
237
123

10

_

-

-

-

267
1 94

11
11

10

-

10

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

.

2
2

_
-

-

-

... 3 2 0

-

12
12
-

19
10
9

56
32
24

67
39
28

42
17
25

83
50
33

204
94
110

246
18 5
61

63
3l
32

178
148
30

78
63
15

60
23
37

-

-

-

5

-

-

6
1
5

-

-

16

7
7

21
11

34
5

194
191

17
2

71
52

34
21

7

-

-

.

-

-

.

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

90
36
54

123
77
46

127
111
16

58
41
17

78
61
17

12
11
1

.

_

-

-

-

-

44
33
11

4
4

-

21
16
5

-

-

14
6
8

.

-

10
10

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

85
71
14

49
29
20

54
30
24

56
43
13

54
41
13

29
16
13

6
5"
1

10
4
6

3
3

11
11

2
2

-

-

-

67
63

27
27

12
12

-

3

-

16

'

1
1

-

14
’ 5
-

5

34 9
163 “
186
156

'

11

10

See footn otes at end o f t a b le .
O ccup ation al W a g e S u r v e y , S t. L o u is , M o . , F e b r u a r y 1956
* T r a n sp o r ta tio n (exclu din g r a ilr o a d s ) , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF LA B O R
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
B u reau of L ab or S ta tistics




$
2 .8 0

5
5

-

NOTE:

2 . 70

22
13
9
5

4
-

$

.

-

-

-

1
1
-

70

-

J L -.7Q - 1 . 8 0

1
-

5

62 '

$

118
118

, -

16

$

Data fo r nonm an ufacturin g do not in clu de in fo rm a tio n fo r d ep artm en t and
lim ite d -p r ic e v a r ie ty s t o r e s ; the r e m a in d e r o f r e ta il tra d e is a p p r o p r ia te ly
r e p rese n ted in data fo r a ll in d u str ie s com b in ed and fo r n on m an u factu rin g.

-

_

9
9

10

Table A-4: Custodial and Material-Movement Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s z studied on an a r e a b a s is in
St. L o u is , M o ., by in d u stry d iv is io n , F e b r u a r y 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

$

$

Average
hourly
earnings

U nder
$
0 .8 0

S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s --------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------W h o l e s a le t r a d e -------------------------------------------------

364
216
148
87

$
1 .9 1
1 .9 1
1 .9 1
1 .9 0

T r u c k d r i v e r s 3 --------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ----------------------------------------------W h o l e s a le t r a d e ------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e --------------------------------------------------------

2 ,5 9 2
7FB
1 ,8 2 4
1 ,0 2 2
42 2
363

2 .1 3
... 2 7 2 0
2 .1 1
2 .1 4
2 .1 0
2 .0 5

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d e r 1 V2 t o n s ) -------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------

258
159

99

2 .0 1
2 .0 8
1 .8 8

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( I 1 to an d
/*
i n c lu d in g 4 t o n s ) ------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ----------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e -------- ---------------------------------

1 ,0 8 4
4T 8
636
331
187

2 . 12
£ .2 1
2 .0 5
2 .0 7
2 .0 4

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a i l e r t y p e ) ----------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------- ----------------- —----------- —
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * --------------------------------------

1 .1 J 2
134
978
55 4

2 .1 8
£ .£ 8
2 . 16
2 .1 9

-

-

-

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ---------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------

1 ,4 1 6
1 ,2 7 7
139

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t ) -----------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------

322

W a t c h m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * -----------------------------------------------

1 ,6 0 5

—

tee —

839
79

...

-

0 .9 0

-

1 .0 0

1 . 10

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1. 70

$
1. 80

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 . 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 . 40

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0
and

1 .0 0

0 .8 0
and
under
.9 0

1 .1 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 . 50

2 . 60

2 . 70

2 .8 0

over

$

$

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
-

7
7
2
_

12
12
3
9
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

9

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

'

-

7
7
2
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

8
8

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

"

-

-

“

1 .8 2
1 .8 2

_

_

>

_

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 .3 6

30

19

5

36 0

177

-

■ -

269
21
248

1 .1 4
1 .5 1

’

9
9
-

21
21 "
-

42
18
24
21

31
ro
21
12

34
16
18
13

5
5
5
-

24
10”
14
1
8
5

50
50
-

-

24
15 "
9
2
4
“

88
” 33
55
17
35
-

198
81
1 17
31
61
25

-

11
4

17
4
13

1
1
“

7
4
3

59
58
1

50
38
12

46
46

108
16
92
31
37

91
56
35
32

448
65
383
223
74

7
7

28
4
24

9

-

1 .8 9
1 .8 8
1 .9 9

1.50

6
6
-

-

30
2

19

-

5

— 4T ~
318
10

* E x clu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and late s h ifts .
Data r e la te to m en w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o th e r w is e in d ica te d .
3 In clu des a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f tru ck o p e r a te d .
* T ra n sp o rta tio n (ex clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




$

$

77
100

-

7

7

48

48”

-

6
1
1
-

-

74
22
52
17
35

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

104
102
2

30
30
’

194
186
8

117

2
2

52

4

7

5
5
5
-

13
11
2
2

-

3
3
3

-

74
43
31
12

52

4

7

145
12 6
19

98
67
31
13

179
167
12

11

11

-

115
2

241
231
10

‘

n o
56
24
17

30
'2 1
9
9

'

47
12
35
9

430
1082
73
" i z o ....
310
10 0 9
695
129
8
154
173
160

19 6

2

564

2
2
2

172
3 02
34 ” T50
138
142
10 5
32
33
11 0
-

78
30
48
15
33

90

" ' :t

4

-

172

90
90

12
9"
3
3

:

-

-

-

-

62
62
_

1 30
130 "
_
.

.

.

•
.

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

130
- ^ 13 0
- '
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

165
33
132
32

62
62

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

113
113
-

_
-

72
64
8
8

-

242
171
71

98
58
10

21
21

1

-

1

-

5
5

34
34

-

-

30
30

24
20

64
63

13
7
6
6

46

58

34

33

55
3

3l
3

13

11

3

-

4

-

-

-

-

52
49

1
1
-

-

-

242
210
32

85
' 79 '

1
1
-

-

52
50
2

560
432

60
60

1

18
15
3
1

-

•
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

*

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-




11

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-1: Shift Differential Provisions'
P ercen t o f m anufacturing plant w orkers—
(a )
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
fo r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

T ota l

_ ______

-

_______________

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l
U n if o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r )

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h i ft w o r k

(b )
A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n —

S e c o n d s h i ft

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

8 9 .4
____

__________________________________

U n d e r 5 c e n t s _____________________________________________ _
5 cen ts
_
_
_ . _
6 cen ts
_ .... _____ _
7 o r 7 V cen ts
s*
... __ .
8 cen ts
...
.
_ ...
9 c e n t s _________________________________________________________
10 c e n t s _______________________________________________________
11 c e n t s _______________________________________________________
12 o r 12 Vz c e n t s _____________________________________________
15 c e n t s _
_ _ _ _ _
O v e r 15 c e n t s
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e

86. 8

1 7 .0

7 .7

8 9 .4

86. 8

1 7 .0

7 .7

52. 3

5 0 .4

1 0 .0

6. 3

.8
2 .9
3. 0
.5

_

3 .2
1 7 .0
1 2 .0
2 .6
.2
5 .4
9 .8
1. 3
.9

3 .2
1 .5
1 2 .8
2 1 .5
. 3
5. 8
4. 4
.9

. 3
2 .0
. 1
. 3

3 1 .0

1 8 .4

5 .7

.4

.7

.6

.2
1.3

-

-

1 .7

3 percen t
5 percen t
6 p e r c e n t _____________________________________________________
7 Vz p e r c e n t _______________________________________________ _
8 p e r c e n t ____________ _______________________________________
10 p e r c e n t
___________________________________________________
13 p e r c e n t _____________________________________________________
15 p e r c e n t __________________________________________________ _

9 .3
5 .2
1 .3
4. 8
9 .6
-

O t h e r 3 _____________________________________________________________

No s h i ft p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________________________________________

_

-

t

.2

1. 1
.2
1 .4
2. 1
t
.7
. 8
. 1

-

.8
1 .6
-

-

1 .6
. 3
1 3 .6
1 .3
1 .0

. 1
. 3
"

6 .3

18. 0

1 .2

1. 1

-

-

“

"

1 Shift differential data a re p resented in term s o f (a) establishm ent p o lic y , and (b) w ork ers actually em ployed on late
shifts at the tim e of the survey.
An establishm ent was co n sid ered as having a p o licy if it m et either o f the follow ing con di­
tions: (l) Operated late shifts at the tim e of the survey, o r (2) had form a l p ro v isio n s cov erin g late shifts.
2 Includes such com bination plans as full day’ s pay fo r reduced hours plus a paid lunch p e rio d ; full day’ s pay fo r r e ­
duced hours plus a flat sum; and full day’ s pay fo r reduced hours plus a c e n ts -p e r-h o u r or p ercentage differen tial.
f L ess than 0. 05 p ercen t.
Occupational Wage Survey, St. L ouis, M o ., F eb ru a ry 1956
U .S . DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
Bureau of L abor Statistics

12

Table B-2: Minimum Entrance Rotes for Women Office Workers1
N um ber o f esta b lish m en ts with s p e c ifie d m inim um hiring rate in—
M anufacturing
M inim um rate
(w eekly sa la ry )

A ll
sch ed u les

E stablishm ents studied ---------------------------------------------------------

224

40

A ll
sch ed u les

37 £

104

XXX

120

XXX

N onm anufacturing

M anufacturing

B a se d on standard w eekly h o u r s 2 of—

A ll
in d u stries

N um ber o f e sta b lish m en ts with s p e c ifie d m in im u m h irin g rate in—

Nonmanuf a ctur ing

B a s e d on standard w eek ly hou rs 2 o f—

I d ustries
AU
in

A ll
sch ed u les

40

224

XXX
—

104

40

XXX

A ll
s ch e d u le s

120

37

y2

XXX

40

XXX

—
FOR OTHER IN EX PE RIE N C E D C L E R IC A L W ORKERS

FO R IN EXPERIENCED TYPISTS

129

64

57

65

4

52

138

62

55

76

5

59

under $ 3 2 .5 0 ________________________________
under $ 3 5 .0 0 _ ______________________________
under $ 3 7 .5 0 ________________________________
under $ 4 0 . 00 ________________________________
under $ 4 2 .5 0 ________________________________
under $ 4 5 . 00 ________________________________
under $ 4 7 .5 0 ________________________________
under $ 5 0 .0 0 ________________________________
under $ 5 2 .5 0 ________________________________
under $ 5 5 .0 0 ________________________________
under $ 5 7 .5 0 ________________________________
under $ 60. 00 ________________________________
o v e r ____________________ ___________________

2
2
4
9
38
25
17
12
10
2
3
1
4

2
5
15
12
10
8
8
1
2
1
-

_
1
3
13
12
9
7
8
1
2
1
-

2
2
2
4
23
13
7
4
2
1
1
4

_
1
2
1
-

2
2
1
3
17
9
4
2
1
1
3

2
3
7
12
46
25
15
11
8
3
2
1
3

3
5
15
13
9
7
5
2
1
1
1

3
3
13
13
8
6
5
2
1
1

2
3
4
7
31
12
6
4
3
1
1
2

3
1
1
-

2
3
3
4
21
9
6
4
3
1
1
2

E stablishm ents having no s p e c ifie d m inim um _____________

62

29

XXX

33

XXX

XXX

64

30

XXX

34

XXX

XXX

E stablishm ents which did not em p loy w o rk e rs
in this c a t e g o r y _____________________________________________

32

11

XXX

21

XXX

XXX

21

12

XXX

9

XXX

XXX

1

-

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

E stablishm ents having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m ______________
$ 3 0.0 0
$ 3 2 .5 0
$ 3 5 .0 0
$ 3 7 .5 0
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 . 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

Data not available

___________________________________________

7

1 L o w e s t s a la r y r a te f o r m a l l y e s t a b lis h e d f o r h ir in g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s f o r ty p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
2 H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s . D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d ,




a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .

O c c u p a t io n a l W age S u r v e y , S t. L o u is , M o . , F e b r u a r y 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

13

Table B-3: Scheduled Weekly Hours
PERCENT OF O FFICE WORKERS1* MPLOYED IN —
3
E

W eekly hours

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public j.
utilities *

W holesale
trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —
F inance

sek
ta

AM
,
industries

Manufacturing

A ll w o rk e rs -----------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

U nder 3 7 l /z hours ------------------------------------------------3 7V 2 hours ---------------------------- ----------------------- —
O v e r 37 V 2 and under 40 hours ---------------------------40 hours __ ___________ ________ — ----------------O v er 40 and under 44 h o u r s ____ ____ — ---44 hou rs _______________ __________________ ____
O v er 44 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------

5
8
5
80
t
t
t

t
5
3
89

4
t
3
91
t

t
3
t
93

15
20
15
51
-

t
5

Public
utilities

t
6

1
3
t
*
**

-

t

-

-

-

86
t
t
4

t

*

100

100

-

-

_
96
t

-

88
t
t
t

Wholesale
trade

93

4
3

t

D a ta r e l a t e to w o m e n w o r k e r s o n ly .
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e t a il t r a d e (e x c e p t d e p a r tm e n t and l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s ) , and s e r v i c e s in a d d ition to th o se in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e (e x c e p t d e p a r tm e n t and l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s ) , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in ad d itio n to th o se in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly ,
L e s s than 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .

Table B-4: Paid Holidays1
PERCENT OF O FFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —
It e m

A ll w ork ers

__ __________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s __________________________________________
5 h o lid a y s
__________________________________________
F u ll d a y s o n l y ____________________________________
P lu s 1 h a lf d ay __________________________________
6 h o lid a y s ____________________________________
F u ll d a y s o n l y ____________________________
P lu s 1 h a lf day _____________________
__ __
P lu s 2 h a lf d a y s __________________________
7 h o lid a y s ------------ --------------------------------------------------Ful.1 d a y s o n l y ____________________________________
P lu s 1 h a lf d ay __________________________________
P lu s 2 h a lf d ays ________________________________
8 h o lid a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------F u ll d a y s o n l y ____________________________________
P lu s 1 h a lf d ay __________________________________
12 h o l i d a y s ________________________ _________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g no
p a id h o lid a y s __________________________________________

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public A
utilities v

Wholesale
trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —
Finance **

All
3
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

100

10 0

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

t
t

99
3

100
3

10 0

t
t

97
3
3

100

t
t

-

-

t

t
t

33
28
3
3
41
38

37
34

18
18

27
24

100
6
6
30
22

-

t
t

-

t
3
53
46
4
3
8
7

-

5
5
-

15
8
4
3
7
7
74
74
3

3

”

-

t
t

46
46
-

63
63

t
t

t
-

35
35
-

t

“

"

23
23

t
t
-

T
42
37

t
t
-

5
43
42

41
35
6
47
45

t

t

-

10
10
-

9
9
-

32
32
-

4
4
-

'

'

t

t

33
33

33
33

7
60
60

1
E s t i m a t e s r e l a t e to f u l l - d a y h o lid a y s p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , as in e a r l i e r s t u d ie s . T h e s e a r e fu r t h e r d iv id e d b e tw e e n w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e m e r e l y the in d ic a te d n u m b e r o f f u l l-d a y h o lid a y s , and
t h o s e who r e c e i v e 1 o r m o r e h a lf h o lid a y s in ad d itio n .
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e t a il t r a d e (e x c e p t d e p a r tm e n t and l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s ) , and s e r v i c e s in a d d ition to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
3
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e t a il t r a d e (e x c e p t d e p a r tm e n t and l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s ) , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in ad d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly ,
t
L e s s than 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
*
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y , S t. L o u is , M o . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 5 6
* * F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta t is t ic s




14

Table B : Paid Vacations
*5
PERCENT OF O FFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —
V a c a tio n p o lic y

A ll w orkers

Manufacturing

Public *
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Finance

10 0

10 0

100

100

100

99
99

99
99

100
100

100
100

100
100

t

-

-

-

-

-

t

t

-

30

79

37

_

-

-

t

t

_

_

69

23
3
74

21

60

100

14

11

34

t

_

_

-

-

t
t

t
t

_

-

3
-

26
4

-

-

11
3
82

5

21

_

t

95

100

68
8
20

37

_

62
6
28

14

_

86

58

-

t

t

_

4

3

4

-

-

All
.
industries

__ _______________________________________

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —
Manufacturing

Public *
utilities

100

100

10 0

100

99
90
9

99
89
10

10 0
98

100
100

t

t

t

-

-

-

t

t

-

-

.

83

86

All
2
industries

Wholesale
trade

M ETHOD OF PAYM E N T

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s _____________ _____________ _________
L e n g t h - o f -t i m e p a y m e n t ------------------------ -------P e r c e n ta g e p a y m e n t _______________________________
O th e r _____ _____________________
_____________ __
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g no
p a id v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________ __

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________________________
______________
_____ ___
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ______________
2 w ee k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w ee k s __________________________ ____________________

t

-

66

70

A fte r 2 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s ---------- __ ---------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w ee k s ________________________________________________

11

t
85

_
-

t
t

_

-

77
3

4

-

-

-

t

t

_
94

40
4
51

3

98

_

96
3

34
4
58

t

99

_

t

t

_

92
4

-

-

6

3

4

-

-

A fte r 3 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------ ----O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s ____
_
.
_
........
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s ____
......
_ _ ............

5

7

t

_

91

89

t

_

3

4

-

t

A fte r 5 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
U n d er 2 w ee k s _______________________________________
2 w ee k s
_
____
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ______________________ __
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________________

_

_

_

92

93

100

t
7

_

t
6

_

97
3

_
84
6
10

t
93

10 0

96

t
4

_

4

t
3

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .
O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y , S t. L o u i s , M o . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 5 6
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s




NOTE:

_

t
94

In the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n ts o th e r than "l e n g t h o f t i m e , "
s u c h a s p e r c e n ta g e o f an nu al e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r te d to an e q u iv a le n t t im e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f an nu al e a r n in g s
w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's
pay.

LABOR

15

Table B-5: Paid Vacations - Continued
PERCENT OF O FFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —

V acation p o lic y

A ll w o rk e rs __ -----------------

__ -------

AU
j
industries

-------

— _

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

10 0

100

100

1 00

10 0

76
3

65

86

3

22

81
t
18

35

21

17

8

AU
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

71

t
77

t
80

10

6

12

19

15

8
11

52
_
48

90
4
7

41
3
57
-

18
70

t
13
t
81
3

t

11

t
18
t
77
t

98
-

44
4
53
-

18
67
14

t
18
t
76
t
3

t
13
t
80
t
3

-

t
18
t

68

66

-

-

12

20

t
13

t
13
t
71
t

Wholesale
trade

Finance **

AMOUNT OF VAC A TION P A Y - Continued
A fte r 10 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
U nder 2 w eeks __________________________________
2 w eeks
--------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and under 3 weeks ____________________ _
3 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------------

-

A fte r 15 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
U nder 2 weeks _______________________________ _
2 weeks ________________________________________ O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s ___ __ ______________
3 weeks ---------- ----------------------- --------------------------4 weeks and o v e r ___________ __________________ _

t
73
6

-

-

76
7

92
-

16
75
t
7

8
87
5

35
3
63

16
70
t
13

8

32
3
53

A fte r 20 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
U nder 2 weeks __________________________________
2 w eeks -------------------------------------------------------------- O v er 2 and under 3 w eeks ---------------------------------3 w eeks -------------------------------------------------------------- _
O v er 3 and under 4 w eeks ---------------------------------4 w eeks and o v e r __ -------------------------------------- _

20

t
72
t
7

-

t

36
4

90
_

61

8

-

t

34
4
57

_

A fter 25 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
Under 2 w eeks _______________________________ _
2 weeks __________________________________________O v er 2 and under 3 weeks __________ ________ _
3 w eeks -------------------------------------------------------- -----O v er 3 and under 4 weeks ______________________
4 weeks and o v e r ________________ ___________ _

1
2
f
*
**

18
t
65
t
16

53
-

39

12

12

In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e t a il tr a d e (e x c e p t d e p a r tm e n t and l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s ) , and s e r v i c e s in ad d itio n to th o se in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
In c lu d e s d a ta fo r r e t a i l t r a d e (e x c e p t d e p a r tm e n t and l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s ) , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in ad d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly ,
L e s s than 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




58
_

40

5

16

Table B-6:

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
P ERCENT OF PLANT W O RK ERS EM PLO YED IN —

PERCENT OF OFFICE W ORKERS EM PLOYED IN —

Type o f plan

A ll w ork ers __ —

—

—

—

--------

All
industries 1

--------

----------

-

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

94

97

96

93

54

71

18

65

All
industries

Wholesale
trade

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

100

100

100

100

97

93

95

100

93

22

70

74

41

63

Finance * *

W ork ers in esta b lish m en ts p rovid in g:
L ife in s u r a n c e __ — ______ ___ ___ ___ ___
A ccid en ta l death and d ism em berm en t
in s u r a n c e __ — ______ ____ ________ __ __ __
Sickness and a ccid en t in surance
o r sick leave or b o th 3__ _____ __ ______
Sickness and a ccid en t in s u r a n c e _______
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting p e r i o d ) _________________________
Sick leave (p a rtia l pay or
waiting p e rio d )
__ ____
__ _____
H ospitalization insurance ___________ ___
Surgical in surance _
__ __ _____ _____
M ed ical insurance __
________ __ „ __
Catastrophe insurance __ ________ ___
R etirem ent pension __
_____________ __
No health, in su ra n ce, o r p ension
p l a n __ —
______
__ __ ____ ___ _

78
53

84
71

95
24

77
50

55
26

91
79

94
86

99
47

81
54

50

55

40

44

51

10

6

32

50

8
75
73
68
11
73

89
88
78
16
72

t

47
49
27
44

t

49
55
54
15
81

12
86
82
69
6
63

10
91
89
75
8
65

37
67
51
50

85

14
83
83
74
3
67

12
79
79
65
4
64

t

t

f

3

t

3

t

t

_

93

7

1 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ( e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t a n d l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r i e t y s t o r e s ) , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ( e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t a n d l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r i e t y s t o r e s ) , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 U n d u p lica te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s ic k n e s s an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w ,
f L e s s th a n 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) ,
** F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

Occupational Wage S urv ey, St. L o u i s , Mo. , F e b r u a r y 1956
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LA B O R
B ur ea u of L a b o r Statistics

17

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The
a ssist
a

its

v a riety

and

of

from

rates

p rim a ry

fie ld

to

title s

from

in

job

su p e rv iso rs,
and

p rep a rin g

d iffe re n t

in

to

B ecause
the

lea rn ers,

fie ld

from

th is

jo b

those

are

g rou p in g
on

of

are

surveys

e m p lo y e d
to

is

e s ta b lis h m e n t

occu p a tion a l

fo r

m ay

d iffer

other

in stru cted

h a n d ica p p ed

to

under
wage

in te re sta b iish m e n t

d escrip tion s

prepared

tra in e e s,

wage

who

e s ta b lis h m e n t

the

re p re se n ta tiv e s

b e g in n e rs,

B u r e a u 's

em p h a sis

B u r e a u 's
or

the

w orkers

p erm it
of

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

the B u r e a u 's

a p p re n tice s,
p ro b a tio n a ry

order

con ten t,

in d ivid u a l

for

o ccu p a tion s

arra n gem en ts

in

con ten t.

of o ccu p a tio n a l

use

d escrip tion s

w ork

esse n tia l

jo b

d escrip tion s,

job

in to a p p r o p r ia te

is

co m p a ra b le

those

tem porary,

and
T h is

com p a ra b ility

a p p ly in g th e se

of

cla ssify in g

area.

rep resen tin g

ca n tly

purpose
in

p a y ro ll

area

in te ra re a

in g

sta ff

and

s ig n ifi­

purposes.

In

to e x c lu d e w o r k ­

w orkers,

p a rt-tim e ,

w orkers.

O f f i c e
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E
P repares

than
as

an

sta tem en ts,

ord in a ry

to b illin g s

cid e n ta l

to

m a ch in e,

or

or

b ills,

e le ctro m a tic

sh ip p in g

b illin g

are

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

cla ssifie d

by

on

M ay

a

other

p erform

F or

type

in v o ice s

or

charges

o p e ra tio n s.

and

ty p e w r ite r.

stu dy

m a ch in e ,

of

wage

as

m a ch in e

a lso

keep

cle rica l w ork

purposes,

C la s s

other

records
in ­

b ille rs ,

the

stru ctu re

m in e s

m a ch in e
are

(M oon
fro m

ord ers,

ex ten sion s,

m a ch in e,

m a ch in e .

and

The

carbon

cop ies

of

fa n fold

and

o p e ra tio n
the

b ill

be

to

prepare

in tern a lly
in v o lv e s

or

ch arges

m ay not

are

be

in v o lv e s

b ills

entry

of

o n the

a ccu m u la te d

la rg e

is

and

a p p lica tio n

com puted

a

and

w h ich

prepared

and

a u to m a tica lly

prepared

b illin g

e tc .,

U su a lly

u su a lly

b ein g

sp ecia l

B urroughs,

sh ip p in g

w h ich

a

orders,

etc.

w h ich m a y
tota ls

U ses

m a ch in e s)

purchase

d iscou n ts

-

F ish e r,

a n d a d d in g

m em oranda,

p re d e te rm in e d

b illin g
by

typ in g

m a ch in e )

E lliott

cu stom ers'

sh ip p in g

n ecessary

(b illin g

H op k in s,

co m b in a tio n

in v o ice s
of

m a ch in e

num ber

often

done

on

of
a

used

m a ch in e
m ay

or

b ills

(S u n d stran d ,
part

in v o lv e s

the

record .
num ber
of

sa le s

of

the

m a ch in e

of v e rtica l
the

d e b it o r

cre d it

to

of

cred it

from

w h ich

G e n e ra lly

on

and

D oes

u n ifo rm

etc. ,

cu stom ers'

cu stom ers'

a ccu m u la te s

b a la n ces.

W orks

Rand,

prepare

fig u res

and com pu tes

a b o ok k eep in g

o p e ra tio n .

re c e iv a b le

entry

U ses

R em in g ton

keyboard)

a u to m a tica lly

co lu m n s

b ook k eep in g .

and

accou nts

sim u lta n eou s

The

m a tica lly
edge

E llio tt F is h e r ,

m a y n ot h a ve ty p e w rite r

as

m a ch in e ) -

fig u re s

u s u a lly
not

and

p rin ts

in v o lv e

a

stan d ard

le d g e r
on

a

au to­
k n o w l­

types

F ish e r,
out

S u n d stran d ,

a ty p e w r ite r

b ook k eep in g
B urroughs,

k e y b o a r d ) to




m a ch in e

Phases

N a tion a l C a sh R e g is t e r ,

keep

a

record

of

b u sin e ss

Rand,
w ith

E llio tt

and

other

record

of

ven tory

co n tr o l,

b a la n ces
C LE R K ,

has

little

in clu d e

or

by

item s

con solid a ted

hand.

accou nts

for

D eter­

cre d it

or

s e ctio n s

k n ow led g e o f b a s ic b o o k ­
p a y a b le ,

p a y roll,

ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
expense

a ssist

co n tro l sh eets

A

-

U nder g en era l d irection

r e s p o n s ib ility fo r k eep in g

set of books

m e n t 's

b u s in e ss

su b sid ia ry

or

p a y a b le ;

proper

or

a cco u n tin g

m a k in g

d istrib u tion ,

in p r e p a r a t io n

of

in ­
tria l

the a c c o u n tin g d e p a r tm e n t.

a cco u n tin g
C la s s

B

and clo s in g

U nder

bank

or w ith ­

w h ic h

the

tio n a l

b a sis

or

ju d g m en t

co m ­

b a la n c in g
or

vouchers
and

a llo c a tio n s .

M ay

jo u rn a l en tries;

su p erv ision ,

m ore

such

vouchers,
accou n ts;

le d g ers.
and

tra n sa ctio n s.

a

e s ta b lis h ­
a c­
w ith

e x p e r ie n ce
a ssist

in

m a y d irect cla ss

cle rk s.
-

p a y a b le

general

and

of

an

re c e iv a b le

in v o ic e s

re q u ire s

of

p ostin g and

accou nts

cod in g

a ssig n a tio n s

o p e ra tio n s

a cco u n tin g

and

as

or accou n t­

s e ctio n s

to on e p h a s e

W o r k in v o lv e s
such

d istrib u tion ;

a d ju s tin g ,

of a bookkeeper

one or m o re

rela tin g

led g ers

ex a m in in g

proper

p rep a rin g ,

records

tra n sa ction s.

le d g e r

cou nts

B

used.

and

prepare

records

of

A C C O U N T IN G

p lete

in

k n ow led g e

one o r m o re phases

M ay check

and p rep a re

d e b it

M ay

c o s t d istrib u tion ,

etc.

a

and fa m ilia r ity w ith

system

of

w ork.

se ctio n s

un der b ille r, m a ch in e ),

re c o n cilin g
(R em in g ton

o f the

sheets,
a

a cco u n tin g

d istrib u tion

or

by
a

and

K eeps

re q u irin g

c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n ot in c lu d in g a s i m p l e

a cco u n tin g
O PE R ATO R

p a rtic u la r

records

-

records

k e e p in g .

accou nts
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E
O perates

B

of

C o n tin u e d

b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s

u s u a lly re q u irin g

of

s lip s .

the

set

-

of a set of re co rd s

ant,
(b o o k k e e p in g

of

b a la n ce

C la s s

m a ch in e

a

in e a c h p h a s e

C la s s

m a ch in e.

B ille r,

K eeps
in b a s ic

proper

reports,
B ille r,

-

and e x p e rie n ce

to

follow s:

A

O PE R A TO R

T h is

b ook k eep in g
rou tin e

am ong

as

p ostin g
job

one

sim p le

en terin g v o u ch e r s
does

not

w ork

w orkers.

or m ore
jo u rn a l

in v o u c h e r

su b sid ia ry

p rin cip le s

a cco u n tin g

several

p erform s

p o stin g

led gers

req u ire

but
is

is

a

fou n d

rou tin e

vouchers,
re g iste rs;
co n tr o lle d

k n ow led g e

of

in

in

su b d iv id ed

offices
on

a

fu n c­

18
CLERK,

K E Y -P U N C H

F IL E
C la s s

A

-

R esp on sib le

system .

C la s sifie s

m ay

file

a lso

th is

for

m a te ria l.

in c o n ju n c t io n w ith file s

or

m a teria l
C la s s

the

B

file s.

-

teria l
CLERK,

in

the

phone,

item s

cu stom ers*

or

on

p rices

to

m ake

order

to

cre d it

be

m a teria l

that

in lo c a t i n g

clerica l

of

fo llo w

orders

m a teria l

in v o lv e

cu stom ers;

up the

fille d .

for

D u ties

to

sheet;

ra tin g

cu stom ers,

orders

p e rs o n a lly .

item s

partm en ts

file
of
orders.

d u ties.

b ilitie s,
by

p u n ch in g

u sin g

general

records

an

a

order;

d istrib u tin g
M ay

check

any

se rie s

a lp h a b etica l

M ay

v e rify

O F F IC E

order

w ith

sheets

cre d it

orders

see

re c e iv e d ,

and

that

check

an

ch e ck in g p r ic e s

a ck n o w le d g e

to

m erch a n d ise

out

they

sh ip p in g

the

sheet

re s p e ctiv e

departm en t
have

by

a n d q u a n tities

to

re ce ip t

of

order

of

d e­

d eter­

orders

from

fille d ,

keep

been

in v o ic e s

to

w ith

of

and

h oles

or

a

an d w ith

own

w ork

or

su p erv isory

d a ta

on

the

in

in

of

resp on si­

sp e cifie d

cards

n u m e rica l

w ork

no

s ta tis tica l

a

k ey -p u n ch

ta b u la tin g

m a ch in e ,

d u p lica te
cards
K eep s files of

cards

sequence,
follow in g

b y u sin g
the
punch ca rd s.

oth ers.

m a ­

d u ties.

co m b in a tio n

m a k in g

cu stom er,

up

or

su p erv ision

a cco u n tin g

w r itte n
in form a tion
on
records.
M ay
d u p lica tin g d e v ic e a tta ch e d to m a c h in e .

BOY

o p e ra tin g

Q u otin g

lis t in g the

m in e

of

a ssists

in cid en ta l

lo ca tin g

cle rica l

u s u a lly

or

and

types

ORDER

fo llo w in g :
of

filin g ,

v a rio u s

in f i l in g

in cid en ta l

loca tes

p erform

of

U nder

filin g

oth er m a teria l;

OR

G IR L

P erform s

R e ce iv e s
m a il,

M ay

or

e s ta b lis h e d
or

records

others

p erform

rou tin e

cla ss ifie d ,

file s.

keep

su p erv ise

P erform s

has a lrea d y b een

an

correspon den ce

M ay

M ay

in

m ain ta in in g

and in d e x e s

O PE R ATO R

o rig in a l

and

va riou s

m in o r o ffice

d istrib u tin g

rou tin e

m a ch in es

m a il,

and

d u ties

such

oth er

as

m in o r

such

as

s e a le rs

ru n n in g

or

cle rica l

errands,

m a ilers,

op en in g

w ork.

SE C R E TA R Y
P e r f o r m s s e c r e t a r i a l a n d c l e r i c a l d u tie s f o r a s u p e r i o r in a n
a d m in is tr a tiv e or ex ecu tiv e p o s itio n .
D u ties in clu d e m a k in g a p p o in t­
m ents
and

fo r

su p e rio r;

m a k in g

d en tia l

phone

m a il,

ta k in g

p eop le

h a n d lin g

w ritin g

and

d icta tion

shorthand

re c e iv in g

ca lls;

rou tin e

(w h e re

or

in to

and

m a ch in e

is

s im ila r m a ch in e,

office ;

a n sw erin g

im p o rta n t

correspon den ce

tra n s crib in g

o r b y sten otype

co m in g

personal

on
not

and

or

ow n

co n fi­

in itia tiv e ;

used)

eith er

tra n s crib in g

in

d icta ­

tio n o r the r e c o r d e d in fo r m a tio n r e p r o d u c e d on a t r a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e .
M a y p re p a re sp e cia l re p o rts o r m e m o r a n d a fo r in fo rm a tio n of s u p e rio r.
CLERK ,

P A Y R O L L
STEN O G RAPH ER,
C om pu tes

s a r y d ata

on

ea rn in g s

on p a y ro ll
days,

out

tribu tin g

sh ow in g

rate,

en v elop es.

a

M ay

d u ty is

other

C om p tom eter

p erform a n ce

and

a

total
in

ca lcu la tin g

w ork ers'

ca lcu la te d
nam e,

w ages

m a k in g

of

in

other

G E N ER A L

the n e c e s ­

C a lcu la tin g

s u ch a s w o r k e r 's

paym aster

use

enters

p ostin g

data

w ork in g

P rim a ry
eith er

in

M ay

w r ite r.

and

d is­

files

M ay

in

duty

shorthand

n o r m a l rou tin e

due.

up

m a ch in e .

job

is

clerk ,

w h ich ,

not

to

w h ich

use

be

m ay

of

th is

to

a lso

order,

m athe­

P rim a ry

m a ch in e

w ith

that

of

eith er

in

fre q u e n t

in v o lv e

use

of

v a rie d

te ch n ic a l

in cid en ta l

to

is

d u ties.

reports

on

duty

O PE R A TO R

(M IM E O G R A P H

OR

s ib ilitie s ,
m atter,
Is

not

reprodu ces

u sin g

ju stm en t

general
a

such

req u ired

m u ltip le

m im e o g ra p h

as

u sed ste n cils o r
p leted m a te r ia l.

su p erv ision

for

to

in k

and

prepare

d itto




or

cop ies
d itto

paper

sten cil

m asters.

and

w ith
of

no

feed
or

M ay

cou nter

d itto
sort,

or

M akes
and

copy.

record s,

th is

M ay

etc.

or

m ore

m a ch in e,
d icta tion
a lso

D oes

tra n s crib in g -m a ch in e

set
not

persons,

in v o lv in g
on
up

a

a

type­

and

in clu d e

keep
tran -

op era tor).

to

tak e d ic t a t io n f r o m

sten otyp e

or

sp ecia lized v oca b u la ry
research

a lso

type

and

from

keep
w ork.

to

such

as

copy.

record s,

or

m ore

m a ch in e,

tra n scrib e

w ritte n

s im p le

one

sim ila r

in

leg a l

th is

M ay

etc.

persons,

in v o lv in g
b riefs

d icta tion

a lso

D oes

set
not

on

up

a
or
a

and

in clu d e

D IT T O )

su p erv isory

ty p e w ritte n

m a ch in e.

one

s im ila r

to t r a n s c r i b e

w r itte n

(see

by

s cie n tific

SW IT C H B O A R D
U nder

fro m

is

or

keep
file s
in
order,
tra n s crib in g -m a ch in e
D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E

and

or

T E C H N IC A L

or

M ay

d icta tio n fr o m

sten otyp e

s im p le

w ork

shorthand

ty p e w r ite r.

to tak e

by

type
keep

s crib in g -m a ch in e

p e rfo rm

con fu sed

is

or

voca b u la ry ,

STEN O G RAPH ER,

to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r
T h is

type

but,

of

in v o lv e :

records;

in su ra n ce ,

a ssist

and

O PE R A TO R

P rim a ry
or

for

and

co m p u ta tio n s.

s ta tis tica l

D u ties

in form a tion

d ed u ction s

C O M PTO M E TE R

m a tica l

sheets.

e m p lo y e e s

or p rod u ction

paychecks
pay

of com pany

p a y ro ll

on tim e

sheet,

tim e ,

m ake

the

based

w ages

O PE R ATO R

respon ­

h a n d w ritten

n ecessary
cy lin d e r

m aster.

M ay

keep

co lla te ,

and

sta p le

ad­

O perates
D u ties

in v o lv e

speed.

ca lls.

file

m a tio n to

of

co m ­

M ay

record

persons

F or w orkers
recep tion ist.

a s in g le -

h a n d lin g

who

to ll

who
a lso

or m u ltip le -p o sitio n

in co m in g ,
ca lls

ca ll
act

and

in ,
as

or

ou tgoin g,
take

te le p h o n e

and

m essa ges.

o cc a s io n a lly

recep tion ists

see

sw itch b oa rd .

in tra p la n t

take

M ay

or

office

g iv e

in for­

te le p h o n e

sw itch b oa rd

ord ers.

operator-

19
S W IT C H B O A R D

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

In a d d it i o n
tio n

or

type

to p e r f o r m i n g

m o n ito r-ty p e

or

p erform

T h is

typ in g

tim e

or

w h ile

rou tin e

of

acts

clerica l

cle rica l w ork

at

d u ties

sw itch b oa rd ,

operator,

as

w ork

m a y take

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E
on

a s in g le p o s i ­

as

part

the m a j o r

of

in clu d e d .

and

re ce p tio n ist

or

m ay

re g u la r

part of

a lso

A

w orker

s im ila r

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E * O P E R A T O R
O perates

M ay

or

m a ch in e

a u to m a tica lly

in

groups

or

a cco u n tin g

records;

s im p le

w irin g

of

p lu g b oa rd s

d ia g ra m s;

p la ce s

on

m a ch in e.

M ay

cards

file

cards

a u x ilia ry

to

of

a n a ly z es

a cco rd in g

operate

punched

that

form s

does

ta b u la tin g

b e ta b u la ted

a fter

they

are

cards
sets

and

or

to

and

tra n s la te s

p rin ts

a d ju s ts

m a g a zin e

tab u la ted .

M ay,

do

trib u tin g

ty p e w r ite r
a fter

cle rica l

w ork

in co m in g
C la ss

P rim a ry

scrib in g
la ry

duty

v o ca b u la ry
w ritte n

copy

d icta tion

such

as

is

to

from

and sta rts

in g
and

a d d itio n ,

and

tra n scrib e
do

in v o lv in g

leg a l

G E N ER A L

tra n s crib in g

b riefs

a

s im p le
v a ried

or

d icta tion
m a ch in e

cle rica l

te ch n ic a l

reports

on

in v o lv in g

a

D R A FTSM A N ,

w ork.
or

W orkers

A

-

P erform s

sp ecia lized

s cie n tific

research

D raw s

pare
under

to
fo r

C la s s

U ses

d ra w in g s

v a riou s
from

d irection

of

u n its

or parts

types

of

of

d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d

con stru ction ,
d ra ftin g

s im p le p la n s
a

or

or
as

req u ired .

sk etch es,

or

p erform

a n d

P la n s
lim in a ry

of

M ay

p u r­

and

a

for

in v o lv e

procedu res;
p e rfo rm in g

sk etch es,
a ssig n in g
m ore

and

a

to

or

one

of

m ore
from

the

or

M ay

d ra ftsm en
rough

in

p re ­

In terp retin g

d e te rm in in g

and in s p e ctin g
a ssist

or

m a n u fa ctu rin g

fo llo w in g :

verbal orders;

su b ord in a tes

p ro b le m s.

or

d ra w in g s

co n stru ctio n ,

co m b in a tio n

w r itte n

d u ties

of

d eta il

en g in eerin g ,

d iffic u lt




and

or

by

m a teria l
another

tra in in g ,

reports

m ore

or

of

the

rou gh and

m a teria l

such

or

to

person.
as

so rtin g

keep­

and

fo llow in g :

in v o lv e d

from

s ta tis tica l

d is­

ta b les

form

letters,

to

from

T yp in g

d ra ft;

several
ta b les

ty p in g

rou tin e

clea r

one

or

or

typed

m ore

of

d ra fts;

etc. ; settin g up

c o m p le x ta b les

L E A D E R
or

as

su p e rv iso ry

D R A FTSM A N ,

a

or

-

copy­

freq u en t
foreig n -

sources,
m a in ta in
rough

v a ry in g

or
u n i­

d ra ft

d eta ils

in
to

sim p le

a lrea d y

the

rou tin e

set

fo llo w in g :
typ in g

of

T y p in g
fo rm s,

sta n d a rd ta b u la tion s,
up

or

and spaced p rop erly .

C o n tin u e d

reg u la r

a ssig n m en t,

a d m in istra tiv e

or

p erform

rela ted

d u ties

nature.

SE N IO R

P repares
rough

a ctiv itie s

p la n s

s p e cia l

very

in s p a c in g ;

w ork in g

d eta iled

sk etch es

or

purposes.

w ork

th eir w o r k ;

su b ord in a tes

d u rin g

s ca le

tio n s

such

trusses;
to b e
or

by

use

of

as

used,

changes

and

and

d eta il

en g in eerin g ,

in v o lv e

a

in v o lv e d

co m p le te d

q u a n tities;

in d r a w in g s

or

in

w r itin g

m aps,
m a k in g

stren gth

w ork,

e le ctrica l,

of

ch e ck in g

m ech a n ica l,

or

from

M ay

of

or

the

n otes,
m anu­

fo llo w in g :

cro ss-se ctio n s,
e n g in eerin g

m a teria ls,
m a k in g

in k in lin e s

e tc .,

com pu ta­

beam s

d im e n sio n s,

s p e cifica tio n s;

s p e cifica tio n s.

on p en cil
d ra w in g s,
prepare
d e t a il u n its
tra ce d ra w in g s.
W o r k is
freq u en tly
in a
a rch ite ctu ra l,

d ra w in g s

co n stru ctio n ,

co m b in a tio n

d eta il d ra w in g s ,

d ra ftin g in s tr u m e n ts;

those

v e rify in g

p la n s
for

D u ties

P re p a rin g w ork in g p la n s ,

d irects

w ork in g

v a rio u s

m ade

T e c h n i c a l

o th e r d u ties

L E A D E R

D u ties

b lu e p rin ts,

sten oty p e

p re ­

d ra ftsm a n .

sk etch es

purposes.

by

by d ra fts­

to
p re p a ra tio n

one

from

P erform s

co p y in g m o r e

m a n u fa ctu rin g

to o ls

-

in su ra n ce p o lic ie s ,

not

fa ctu rin g
D R A FTSM A N ,

B

are

em erg e n cie s

en g in eerin g ,

of

been

and

co m p lica te d

b a la n ce

re la tiv e ly

D R A FTSM AN ,

s ca le

cop ies

little

co m b in in g
of

vocabu­

d ra ftsm a n )

others

form

copy;

from

of

p oses.

or

g e n e ra l.

from
p la in o r
corrected copy
in w h ic h th e re
is a
v a rie d u se o f te ch n ica l and un usu al w o rd s or fro m
la y ou t

a lso
tran­

JU N IO R

(A ssista n t

or

shorthand

norm al

M ay

P r o f e s s i o n a l

m an

in

sten ogra p h er,

have

records

fin a l fo r m .
M a y type
su it c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

record s.

m ake

in v o lv in g
filin g

in fin a l

fo r m ity and

from

a

m a il.

la n gu a g e

O PE R ATO R,

to

ca lcu la tio n s

record s,

m a teria l

m a ch in es.

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

type

as

tran s­

p ra ctice

in

a

b ills

s im p le

m a ch in e;

e s ta b lis h e d

in fe e d

out

p la n n in g

rou tin e

d icta tion

C o n tin u e d

T Y P IS T

in g

data

tak es

cla ss ifie d

-

sw itch b oa rd .
U ses

la te d

is

G E N E R A L

d u ties.

th is w o r k e r ’ s

m ake

in fo rm a tio n

who

m a ch in e

O PE R A TO R ,

a d ju s tm e n ts
and

letters

of
co m p le te d ra w in g s,
sp ecia lized
field
such
stru ctu ral

and

m a teria ls

d ra ftin g .

or
as

20
NURSE,

IN D U ST R IA L
A

re g iste re d nurse

e m p lo y e e s
the

or

oth er

p re m ise s

of

co m b in a tio n

of

who

persons

a

fa cto ry

the

NURSE,

(R E G IS T E R E D )
g iv es

n u rsin g

who becom e
or

other

fo llo w in g :

ill

se rv ice

or

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

G iv in g

first

to ill o r

su ffer

a id

an

D u ties

to

the

in ju re d

a ccid e n t

ill

on

in v o lv e

or

IN D U ST R IA L

en v iro n m e n t, or
safety

(R E G IS T E R E D )

other

a ctiv itie s

-

C o n tin u e d

a ffe ctin g

the

h ea lth ,

w e lfa re ,

and

o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

a

in ju re d ;

a tten d in g to
of

treated;

TR AC E R

su b seq u en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s 1 in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s

p a tien ts

other p u rp oses;
of

a p p lica n ts

in v o lv in g

p rep a rin g

a ccid en t

reports

for

co m p e n sa tio n

and

e m p lo y e e s;

h ea lth

and p la n n in g

ed u ca tion ,

a ccid en t

and

ca rry in g

p re v e n tio n ,

out

program s

ev a lu a tion

of

p lan t

P e rfo rm s
crib s ,
and

trim

follow in g :

in g s,

m ade

m a k in g

of

d u ties

p orta b le

p a rtitio n s ,

in

an

and

verbal

n ecessary

m a teria ls

to o ls ,

a cq u ired

n ecessary

through

for

u sin g

p ly the

m ost

tio n ,

v a rie ty

of

the

to

w ork.

in stru m e n ts;

d im e n sio n s

In

rounded

c a r p e n t e r ’s

g en era l,

tra in in g

fo rm a l a p p ren ticesh ip

or

of

the

and

w ork;

w ork

of

e x p e rie n ce

eq u iv a len t

or

a ir

tors,
and

as

b o ile r -fe d

record
tio n .

of

w ater

a lso

or

in sta lla tion ,

m a in ten a n ce,

d istrib u tion ,
W ork
a

or

in v o lv e s

v a riety

of

m ost

the

or

d ra w in g s,

rep a ir
of

follow in g :

la y ou t,

or

com p u ta tion s

rela tin g

and

testin g

e lectricia n

u sin g

a

to

v a riety

in stru m en ts.
req u ires

q u ire d
throu gh
e x p e r ie n ce .

a




lo a d
of

other

energy
as

for

in

or

req u irem en ts
e l e c t r i c i a n ’s
g en era l,

rounded

tra in in g

the

w ork

and

a p p ren ticesh ip

of

or

the

the

p e n cil.
prepare

a ir

m a k in g

m a ch in e ry ,
these

e m p lo y in g

O p era tin g

and

eq u ip m en t

o p e ra tio n s.
than

sup­

m a in ta in in g

steam

re p a irs;

m o ­

b o ile r s

k e e p in g

a

and

fu el

con sum p­

or

ch ie f

e n g in eers

are

e x clu d ed .

H ead

one

to

re frig e ra ­

gen erators,

e q u ip m e n t,

tem p eratu re,

m ore

heat,

co m p re sso rs,

and re frig e ra tin g

pum ps;
of

w ith p o w e r ,

in v o lv e s:

o p e ra tio n

e le ctrica l)

en g in eer

B O IL E R
to fu r n ish

h eat,

steam .

pow er,

m e ch a n ica l

v a lv es.

or

stok er,

M ay

clea n ,

gas,
o il,

the

e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h

Feeds
or

or

oil

fu els

to

burner;

a ssist

in

fire

by

checks

rep a irin g

hand
w ater

b o ile r -

eq u ip m en t.

H E L P E R ,

TRADES,

M A IN T E N A N C E

of
A ssists

from

b lu e ­

as k eep in g

and

d ia g ­

sta n d a rd

or

e le ctrica l

and

m e a s u rin g

the

a

safety

room

trades,

w ork in g

w irin g

M ay

su p erv ise

a lso

s ta tio n a ry b o ile r s

w ith

u n its ,

loca tin g

of

any

h e a tin g

w o rk in g

h a n d tools

W ork

ST A T IO N A R Y

operates

tra n sform ers,

m otors,

p la c in g

or

g e n e ra tin g ,

rep a irin g

eq u ip m en t;

as

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

gen erators,

sp ecifica tion s;

system

such

the

an

or

eq u ip m en t;

In

form a l

fu n ctio n s

eq u ip m en t

breakers,

oth er tra n sm issio n

in th e e l e c t r i c a l

trade

In sta llin g

such

circu it

n osin g tro u b le
eq u ip m en t;

of

e le ctric

eq u ip m en t

c o n tr o lle rs ,

con d u it s y s t e m s ,
p rin ts,

of

e le ctrica l

sw itch b oa rd s,

or

u tiliz a tio n

e le ctrica l

by

pen

to o ls .

(m e ch a n ica l or

e m p lo y e d

en g in es,

su p erv ise

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

and
of

w h ich

stea m

o p e ra tio n

M ay

in

ven tila tin g

F ires

v a riety

d ra ftin g

and m ay

and eq u ip m en t

con d ition in g .

tu rb in es,

e m p lo y e d

M A IN T E N A N C E

a

others,
w ith

letterin g .

and m a in ta in s

e s ta b lis h m e n t

F IR E M A N ,

P erform s

other

by

tra cin g

tra in ­

in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

and do s im p le

en g in es

e q u ip m en t su ch

in

and

and

ST A T IO N A R Y

ca s in g s ,
of

prepared

d ra w in g

com pass,

O perates

and

draw ­

d ra w in g s

over

P o w e r p l a n t

o f s ta tio n a ry

b lu e p rin ts,

and

paper

d ra w in g s

as b in s,

in v o lv e s

from
a

rela tin g

req u ires

a

s im p le

such

stan d ard m e a s u r in g

com p u ta tion s

carpenter

W ork

out o f w o r k
and

con stru ct

p la n s

or

T -sq u a re ,

sta irs,

flo o rs,

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

la y in g

to

and eq u ip m en t

doors,

in stru ctio n s;

pow er
shop

m a in ten a n ce

u s u a lly

w ood

or

stan dard

s e le ctin g
the

benches,

P la n n in g

m o d e ls ,

h a n d tools,

carpentry

r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k

cou n ters,

the

the

U ses

cloth

E N G IN E E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

m a in ta in in g o o d

tra cin g

a n d

M a i n t e n a n c e

C A R PE N T E R ,

C o p ie s

or

con d u ctin g p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s an d h ea lth e v a lu a tio n s

m a in ten a n ce

in g

by

area,

teria ls

a

w orker

m ore

s p e cific

The

k in d

to

liftin g ,

and
of

w ork

the

the

h e lp e r
trades

and

h old in g

u s u a lly

a c­

areas;

tra in in g

and

o p e ra tio n , or p a rts of
on a fu ll-tim e b a s is.

oth ers

he
a

is

m a teria ls
p erm itte d

trade

that

is

and
to

of

and

w orker

tasks

as

h e lp e r
to o ls

p erform
a lso

s k ill,

by

to

such

clea n in g w o r k ­
h old in g

d irected

is

and

m a in ten a n ce

lesser

to o ls ;

p erm itted

the

are

s k ille d

d u ties

a ssistin g

oth er u n sk illed

som e

In

eq u iv a len t

in

in

general

eq u ip m en t;

trade:

e x p e rie n ce

and

w orkers
or

su p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls

m a ch in e ,

trade

p ly in g ,

or

o r to o ls ; p e r fo r m in g

neym an.
from

one

p erform in g

p erform
co n fin e d

m a ­

by jo u r­
v a rie s
to

sup­

clea n in g

w o rk in g

sp e cia lize d

m a ch in e

p erform ed

by

w orkers

21
M A C H IN E -T O O L

O P E R A T O R ,

S p ecia lizes
to o ls ,

such

as

in th e

jig

TOOLROOM

o p e ra tio n

b orers,

of

M E C H A N IC ,

one

cy lin d rica l

or

or

m ore

types

su rfa ce

of

m a ch in e

g rin d e rs,

en g in e

R ep a irs
m ent.

W ork

la t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s in the c o n s t r u c t i o n o f m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o ls ,
ga u g es, jig s , fix tu re s , o r d ie s.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :

and

P la n n in g

in v o lv e

item s

and

p e rfo rm in g

re q u irin g

u sin g

a

co m p lic a te d

v a riety

speeds,

to o lin g

m ents

d u rin g

of

and

re q u ire d

and

s e le c t

to

to

a

h ig h

and

degree

m a k in g

re q u is ite

tool

and

d ie

jo b b in g

shops

accuracy;

n ecessary

feed s,
a d ju s t­

p a rtly

broken

or

m a ch in e

a

to

d im en sion s.

sp ecifica tion s

dress

to o ls ,

from

o ils.

F or

lu b rica tin g

e x clu d ed

operators,

fro m

th is

to o lro o m ,

cla ss ific a tio n .

a d ju s tm e n ts
m ech a n ic
throu gh
in v o lv e

a

to

m a ch in es

parts

m a jo r

fo r

shop

fo r

re p a irs

from

m a jo r

or for

In

rounded

th is

cla ss ifica tio n
or

that

parts;

stock ;
shop

re p a irs;

sen d in g

of

w ritte n

of parts

w ork

of

e x p e rie n ce

e q u iv a len t
are

o r d e r in g the

or

ordered

and m a k in g a ll n e c e s s a r y

the

and

m a in ly

rep la cin g

p rep a rin g

the p r o d u c tio n

g en era l,

tra in in g
or

rep a irs

fittin g

m a ch in e

re a s se m b lin g m a ch in es;

o p e ra tio n .

up

a

m a ch in e s

d ism a n tlin g

ob ta in ed fr o m
by

e s ta b lis h ­

trou b le;

p e rfo rm in g

ite m s
part

of

and

an

E x a m in in g

source

scra p in g

a fo r m a l a p p re n tice sh ip
settin g

follow in g :

and

in

w ith

m a ch in e

req u ire s

the

d ia g n o se

h a n d tools

shop;

m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t of

of

rep la ce m e n t

fo r

m a ch in e

E x clu d ed

M A C H IN IS T ,

of

or

and

of

d e fe ctiv e

p ro d u ctio n
the

e q u ip m en t

use

or

m ost

d ism a n tlin g

the

to

cu ttin g

are

of

se le c tin g

or

to le r a n ce s

c r o s s -in d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -to o l
in

p ro ce ssin g

m a ch in e ry

in v o lv e s

m ech a n ica l

need d ressin g ,

w h en to o ls

coola n ts

o p e ra tio n s;

in stru m en ts;

sequence;

a ch iev e

re co g n iz e

p rop er

or

m e a s u r in g

o p e ra tio n
to

m a ch in in g

setu ps

p re cisio n

o p e ra tio n

M ay be

d ifficu lt

M A IN T E N A N C E

a

m a in ten a n ce

u su a lly

a cq u ired

tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

w orkers

w hose

p rim a ry

d u ties

a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .

M A IN T E N A N C E
M IL L W R IG H T

P rodu ces
of

m etal

W ork

parts

in v o lv e s

tio n s

and

riety

of

settin g

rep la ce m e n t parts

of

m ech a n ica l

m ost

of

the

sp e cifica tio n s ;
m a ch in ists

up

and

and new

follow in g :

p la n n in g

h a n d tools

in

in

In terp retin g

and

la yin g

and

out

p re cisio n

stan d ard

o p e ra tin g

parts

eq u ip m en t o p e ra te d

m a ch in e

of

m a k in g

an

w ritte n
w ork;

in stru c­

u sin g

m e a s u r in g
to o ls;

rep a irs

e s ta b lis h m e n t.
a va ­

in stru m en ts;

sh a p in g

of

m eta l

p a r ts to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ;
m a k in g sta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t ­
in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ,
to o lin g , fe e d s
and speeds
o f m a ch in in g ;
k n ow led g e

of

the

w ork in g

sta n da rd m a te r ia ls ,
and

a sse m b lin g

m a c h in is t’s
shop

p ra ctice

eq u iv a len t

parts

w ork

p rop erties

parts,

and

in to

tra in in g

req u ires

a cq u ire d

and

the

m ech a n ica l

n o rm a lly

u su a lly

of

com m on

eq u ip m en t r e q u ire d

eq u ip m en t.

a

rounded

through

a

m eta ls;
In

g en era l,

tra in in g

form a l

s e le ctin g

fo r h is w o r k ; fittin g
in

the

m a ch in e -

a p p re n tice sh ip

In sta lls

new

m a ch in es

in sta lls

m a ch in es

or heavy

out a re

re q u ire d .

W ork

o r h e a v y eq u ip m en t and d ism a n tle s

eq u ip m en t

in v o lv e s

w hen

m ost

of

changes

the

re la tin g

g r a v ity ; a lin in g
e q u ip m en t,
and
ord er

pow er

to

stresses,

stren gth

of

the

follow in g :

la y in g out o f the w o r k ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r
u s in g a v a r ie t y of h a n d to o ls and rig g in g ; m a k in g
p u ta tion s

in

and

p la n t l a y ­

P la n n in g

and

oth er sp e cifica tio n s;
stan d ard sh op c o m ­

m a te ria ls,

and

cen ters

of

and b a la n c in g o f eq u ip m en t; s e le c tin g sta n d a rd t o o ls ,
p a rts to b e u sed ;
in sta llin g
a n d m a in t a in in g in g o o d

tra n sm issio n

eq u ip m en t

such

as

d riv e s

and

speed

re "

d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , t h e m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
tic e sh ip

or

e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and

e x p e rie n ce .

or

e x p e r ie n ce .
O IL E R
L u b rica te s,

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E

(M A IN T E N A N C E )

su rfa ces

of

P A IN T E R ,
an

R ep a irs
a u to m o b ile s,
buses,
m otortru ck s,
and
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ;

a u to m o tiv e
eq u ip m en t
to o ls

as

eq u ip m en t
and

w renches,

a sse m b lin g
stock ;

g rin d in g

v a rio u s
a lin in g
In

or

w h e e ls ,
the

and

in th e

and

sh ip

e q u iv a len t

d rills,

e x p e rie n ce

veh icle
th e

or

of

and

the

sp ecia lized

and m a k in g
and

troubL e;

in v o lv e
or

lig h ts,

a cq u ired

use

of such

or

tig h te n in g

m e ch a n ic

handin

parts

d is­
from

in s ta llin g

n ecessary

the

a d ju s tm e n ts ;
body

req u ire s

b olts.

rounded

th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e ­

ex p e rie n ce .

grease,
of

the

an

m ov in g

parts

or

w ea rin g

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in ts

d isa s se m b lin g

eq u ip m en t
and

oil o r

eq u ip m en t

tractors of
E x a m in in g

d efectiv e

re a sse m b lin g

a u tom otive

u s u a lly

tra in in g




v a lv es;

brakes

of

that

rep la cin g b rok en

a d ju s tin g

w ork

source

re p a irs

parts;

a d ju s tin g

tra in in g
or

d ia g n ose

gauges,

fittin g

a sse m b lie s

g en era l,

to

p erform in g

w ith

m e ch a n ica l

and

e sta b lish m e n t.
p e cu lia ritie s
p rep a rin g

redecorates

W ork

and

types

su rfa ce

for

w a lls,

in v o lv e s
of

the

p a in t

p a in tin g

w oodw ork,

fo llo w in g :

req u ired

by

for

re m o v in g

and

d iffe re n t

old

fin ish

p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il
gun or
brush.
M ay

h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; a p p ly in g
m ix
co lo rs,
o ils , w h ite le a d ,

in g red ien ts

proper

w ork

of

p e rie n ce
le n t

the

to

ob ta in

m a in te n a n ce

u s u a lly

tra in in g

and

a cq u ired

co lo r

p a in te r

or

th rou gh a

e x p e rie n ce .

con sisten cy .

req u ires

fix tu res

K n ow led g e

rounded

of

an

a p p lica tio n s;
or

by

p la cin g

p a in t w ith
and
other
In

of

su rfa ce

spray
p a in t

g en era l,

tra in in g

fo r m a l a p p re n tice sh ip

or

and

the
ex­

e q u iv a ­

22
P IP E F IT T E R ,
In sta lls
and
from
of

or

p ip e fittin g s

lo w in g :

L a y in g

p ip e

to

or

b en d in g
p ip e

an

out

of

or

p ip e

by

In

rounded

or

to

tra in in g

engaged

system s

PLU M B ER ,

ch is e l

to

and

th rea d in g
p ip e

to

types

m ost

ham m er

p ip e
fo l­

of

p ip e

a v a ila b le

s iz e s

h a n d tools

in

o x y a ce ty le n e

stock s

m a ch in es;

hangers;

and

a ssem b lin g

m a k in g

and

d ie s;

s iz e

stan d ard

of

p ip e

or

in

are

the

and

w ork

of

e x p e r ie n ce

eq u iv a len t

in s ta llin g

the

m a in te n a n ce

u s u a lly

tra in in g and

and

a cq u ired

b u ild in g

la yin g

p rin ts,

b lin g ;

out a ll

m o d e ls ,

types
or

of

of sh eet-m eta l

oth er

b en d in g ,

sh eet-m eta l

C o n tin u e d

settin g

K eeps

m eet

th rou gh

ven ts

and

In

g en era l,

the

clog g ed
w ork

tra in in g

and

sh ip

eq u iv a len t

or

of

e x p e rie n ce

sa n ita tio n

o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t in g o o d

s a n ita ry

system ;

d ra in s
the

codes
a

or

p lu n g e r

m a in ten a n ce
and

r e g a r d in g

in s ta llin g

w ith

u s u a lly a c q u ir e d

tra in in g

e q u iv a len t
TO O L

tra in in g

AND

D IE

W ORKER,

and

jig

e x p e rie n ce .

m aker;

C on stru cts

or

to o lm a k e r;

fix tu re

m etal

eq u ip m en t

sh elv es,

re p a irin g
or

order.

in sta lla tion
p ip es

p lu m b e r ’s

p lu m b er

req u ires

through a fo rm a l

of
and

snake.
rounded

a p p re n tice ­

e x p e r ie n ce .

of

an

and

fix tu res

tan ks,

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

m a in ta in s

(su ch

as

in v o lv e s

in g o o d

m a ch in e

v en tila tors,

W ork

guards,

ch utes,

m ost

of

rep a ir

ducts,

the

the

O PE R A TO R ,

T ran sports
apartm en t

house,

W orkers

who

as

of

those

m e a s u rin g
com m on

and

rep a irs

b lu ep rin ts,

and
to

follo w in g :

passengers

rela ted

trea tin g

operate

e lev a tors
and

in

ja n ito rs

m a ch in e -sh o p

to o ls ,

d ra w in g s,

or

other

flo o rs

h otel

or

of

c o n ju n ctio n
are

an

P la n n in g

a n d

o ffice

s im ila r
w ith

clu d es

m a in ta in in g
gatem en

e m p lo y e e s

and

order,
who

oth er




are

u sin g

arm s

sta tio n e d

persons

s e le c tin g
the

ora l and

jig s,

or
at

en terin g .

fo rce
gate

at

w here

and

fix ed

F or

M a t e r i a l

b u ild in g ,

d u ties

post

fix ­

on

w ork in g

o p e ra tin g
shop

and

w ell as

d ie

and

m a te ria ls,

m a k e r 's

p ro p e rtie s

of m a ch in e

to o lr o o m
or

to o ls ,

p ra ctice

eq u iv a len t

and
a

u su a lly

tra in in g

and

of

to o ls

re la tin g

m a ch in e s;
of

req u ires

w ork

s p e cifi­

p recision

com p u ta tion s

to o lin g o f
as

and

h eat-

fin ish ed

to o ls

to le ra n ce s ;
and a llo w ­

p ro ce sse s.
rounded

a cq u ire d

In

tra in in g

throu gh

a

e x p e r ie n ce .

cr o ss -in d u stry w age
d ie

job b in g

shops

stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

are

e x clu d ed

tool and

from

th is

d ie

m akers

cla ss ific a tio n .

M o v e m e n t

PO R TE R ,

(S w eep er;

OR

C LE A N E R

charw om an;

ja n itre s s)

such

or

n ecessary.

check

and

and

tool

C le a n s

e ith er

feed s,

w r itte n

h a n d tools

the

and

d u rin g fa b r ic a t io n

a p p rop ria te

tool

m a ch in e-sh op

ex clu d ed .

d u ties,

of

up

n ecessa ry

speeds,

m eta l parts

in

or
p o lice

settin g

m a k in g

w ork,

a p p re n tice sh ip

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

other

of

u n d ersta n d in g

a llo y s;

form a l

of
tour,

m aker)

pans,

GUARD
rou tin e

gauges,

a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e
re q u ire d
q u a litie s; w o r k in g
to c l o s e
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g
of parts
to p r e s c r ib e d
to le r a n ce s

areas

P erform s

of

and

eq u ip m en t;

d im e n sio n s

JA N IT O R ,

betw een
store,

in stru m en ts;

m e ta ls

ro o fin g )

PASSEN G ER

departm en t

starters

sh eet-

grease
m eta l

C u s t o d i a l

E LE V A TO R

gauge

m o d e ls ,

g e n e ra l,

M A IN T E N A N C E

in sta lls,

and

lock ers,

m aker;

o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s , p u n ch in g
and
oth er m e ta l-fo rm in g w ork .
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f w o r k

in
F a b rica te s,

the

M A K E R

(D ie m a k e r;

a

ances;
S H E E T -M E T A L

g en era l,

tures
W ork

system
of

in p lu m b in g

op en in g

of

a ss e m ­

from

the p lu m b in g

traps

fix tu res;

and

In

a ll

v a riety

W orkers

e x clu d e d .

K n ow led g e

b lu e ­

r e ­

M A IN T E N A N C E

in v o lv e s:

a

fittin g ,

re q u ired .

from

o p e ra tin g

w o r k o f the m a in te n e n ce s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tra in in g
and e x p e rie n ce
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a
fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r

c a tio n s ; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f to o l an d d ie m a k e r 's
W ork

and
u sin g

sh a p in g ,
as

w ork

up

m a ch in es;

fo rm in g ,
a rticle s

-

m a in ten a n ce

sp ecifica tio n s ;

s h e e t-m e ta l-w o rk in g

cu ttin g ,

in s ta llin g

M A IN T E N A N C E

p ip e fitte r

e x p e rie n ce .

re p a irin g

and

W ORKER,

types

va riou s

or

w ith

flow ,

of
the

of

p osition

cu ttin g

p ip e

p ressu res,

other

loca te

p o w e r -d r iv e n

fa sten in g

g en era l,

fo rm a l a p p ren ticesh ip
p rim a r ily

w ith

rela tin g

or

in v o lv e s

s p e cifica tio n s;

m a ch in e;
and

gas,

W ork

sta n d a rd te sts to d e te r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip e s

sp e cifica tio n s .
req u ires

stea m ,

m e a s u rin g

w r itte n

h a n d -d riv en

cou p lin g s

q u ired ; m a k in g

and

len g th s

com p u ta tion s

h ea tin g

w ork

other

correct

w ater,

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

p ip e -cu ttin g

w ith

shop

rep a irs

in

d ra w in g s

torch

S H E E T -M E T A L

M A IN T E N A N C E

on
In­

id e n tity ~ o T

and

co m m e rcia l
the

follow in g :

rem ov in g
or
and

and

keeps

w ashroom s,

ch ip s ,

or

or

other

in

an

o rd e rly

p re m ise s

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

S w eep in g , m o p p in g
trash ,

and oth er

or

restroom s.

m a in ten a n ce
W orkers

se rv ices;

who

or

an

fa ctory

office,

ap artm en t

in v o lv e

a

w ork in g
house,

c o m b in a tio n

s c r u b b in g , and p o lish in g flo o r s ;
d u stin g

eq u ip m en t,

trim m in g s;

clea n in g

sp e cia lize

con d ition

D u ties

refu se;

fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu r e s
m in o r

of

p ro v id in g

la v a to rie s ,

in w in d o w

w a sh in g

fu rn itu re ,
su p p lie s

show ers,
are

and

ex clu d ed .

23
LABORER,

M A T E R I A L H AN DLIN G

SHIPPING A N D RE C E IV IN G C L E R K

( L o a d e r a n d u n l o a d e r ; h a n d l e r an d s t a c k e r ;
sh elv er; tru ck er;
stock m an o r sto ck h elp er; w arehou sem an or w areh ou se h elp er)

- C ontinued

o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s an d r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d g o o d s ;
r o u t i n g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; m a in t a i n i n g
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s an d f i l e s .

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t ,
s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f
the f o l l o w i n g : L o a d i n g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d m e r c h a n ­
d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ;
u n p a c k i n g , s h e l v i n g , o r p l a c i n g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r
s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e b y h an d t r u c k ,
c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
exclu d ed .

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s

are

c la s s if i e d as fo llo w s :

R eceiv in g c le rk
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

TRU CK D R IVER
ORDER F IL L E R
(O rd er p ic k e r ;

stock se le cto r; w arehouse

stockm an)

F i l l s sh ipp ing o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m
s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s ,
c u s t o m e r s ’ o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t i o n to f i l l i n g
o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g it e m s fille d o r om itted, keep r e c o r d s o f o u t­
g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is i t io n a d d itiona l s t o ck , or r e p o r t s h o r t su p p lies
t o s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

PACKER,

D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , equ ipm ent, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a rio u s types of
esta b lish m e n ts su ch as: M an ufacturin g pla n ts, fr e ig h t depots, w a r e ­
h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e an d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s an d c u s t o m e r s ’ h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s .
M ay a lso
l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w it h o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l
r e p a i r s , an d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r . D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e ex clu ded.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s if i e d by s iz e
an d ty p e o f e q u i p m e n t , a s f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d
o n th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y . )

SH IPPIN G

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts fo r shipm ent or s t o r a g e b y p la cin g
t h e m in s h i p p i n g c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e i n g
d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f unit s to b e p a c k e d , the
t y p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p l o y e d , an d m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s
th e p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in s h i p p i n g c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r
m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r
t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e and s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ;
i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to
p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a p p l y i n g
l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d e n t i f y i n g data on c o n t a i n e r .
P a c k e r s who a lso
m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e exclu d ed .

SH IPPIN G A N D R E C E IV IN G

T r u c k d r iv e r (com bin a tion of s iz e s listed sep a ra tely)
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t ( u n d e r IV 2 t o n s ]
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m (IV 2 ton an d i n c l u d i n g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s, t r a i le r type)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r than t r a i l e r ty p e)

TRUCKER,

O perates a m a n u ally co n tro lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d
t r u c k o r t r a c t o r t o t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l kin ds a b o u t
a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .

CLERK
truck,

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s an d is r e ­
sp o n s ib le f o r in co m in g sh ip m en t of m e r c h a n d ise o r oth er m a t e r ia l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w l e d g e o f sh ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n and r a t e s ; a n d p r e ­
p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s s h i p p e d , m a k i n g up b i l l s o f l a d i n g , p o s t ­
in g w e i g h t a n d s h i p p i n g c h a r g e s , and k e e p i n g a f i l e o f s h i p p i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t .
R e ceiv in g w o rk in v o lv e s:
V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g
th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f l a d i n g , i n v o i c e s , o r




POWER

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s
as follow s:
Trucker,
Trucker,

pow er
power

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f

(fork lift)
( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

WATCHMAN
M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g p r o p e r t y
a g a i n s t f i r e , th e f t, a n d i l l e g a l e n t r y .

☆ US G V R MN P I TN O F E: 1 5 O- 3 3 3
. . O E N E T RNI G F IC 9 6
819


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102