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Occupational Wage Survey

DENVER, C O LO R A D O
D EC EM B ER 1955

B L S B u lle tin No. 1 1 8 8 -6

UNITED STATES D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BU REA U
Ew an

OF

LA BO R

STA TISTICS

C la g u e , Commissioner




O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y
DENVER, CO LO RADO
DECEMBER 1955

Bulletin No.
UNITED

STATES D E P A R T M E N T

OF

1188-6
LABOR

James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BU REA U
Ew an

OF

LA BO R

STA TISTIC S

C la g u e , Com m issioner

M a r c h 1956
F r s l by t e S p r n e d n o Documents, U S Government P i t n O f c , Washington 2 , D. C
o ae
h ueitnet f
. .
rnig f i e
5
.



P i e 25 c n s
rc
et




Contents
Page
Introduction---- ------------------------- --------------------------------------------------- ---------W a g e trends for selected occupational g r o u p s ---- — ------------------- ----------------------------- -

1
3

Tables:
1:
2:

Establishments and w o r k e r s within scope of s u r v e y ------- --------------------- ----------Indexes of standard wee k l y salaries for office clerical a n d a v e r a g e straight-time
hourly earnings for selected plant occupational groups, and percent of increase
for selected periods ---------------------------------- --------------------------------------

2

3

Occupational earnings * A-l: Office occupations ------------- — ------- ----A-2: Professional and technical occupations — ---- *
A - 3: Maintenance and powerplant occupations ---A-4: Custodial and m a t e r i a l - m o v e m e n t occupations

B:

Establishment practices and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e provisions * B-l: Shift differential provisions ----------------------------- -------------------------- --B-2: M i n i m u m entrance rates for W o m e n office w o r k e r s ----------------------------------B-3: Scheduled w e e k l y hours --------- ------------------- — ------------------------- -— ---

11
12
13

B-5:
B-6:

14
16

Job descriptions------------------------------------------------------------------------- -—

* N O T E : Similar tabulations for m o s t of these items are available in the D e n v e r area reports
for N o v e m b e r 1949, January 1951, N o v e m b e r 1951, N o v e m b e r 1952, D e c e m b e r 1953, and D e c e m ­
ber 1954.
T h e 1953 report also provides tabulations of w a g e structure characteristics, laborm a n a g e m e n t agreements, and overtime p a y provisions.
T h e 1954 report also includes data on
frequ e n cy of w a g e payments, and p a y provisions for holidays falling on n o n w o r k d a y s . A directory
indicating date of study and the price of the reports, as well as reports for other m a j o r areas,
is available u p o n request.
C u r r e n t reports on occupational earnings an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e practices in the D e n v e r area
are also available for m a c h i n e r y industries ( D e c e m b e r 1955), p o w e r laundries and d r y cleaners
(June 1955), a n d office building service (June 1955).
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay
levels, are available for the following trades or industries: Building construction, printing, local
transit operating employees, and m o t o r t r u c k drivers.



in

oo 0s

Appendix:

Paid vacations ------------------------------------------------------------------------Health, insurance, and pension plans — ---------------------------- -------------------

m

A:

17




Occupational W a g e Survey - Denver, Colo. *
In tr o d u c tio n
T h e D e n v e r a r e a is on e o f s e v e r a l im p o r t a n t in d u s t r ia l c e n t e r s
in w h ic h th e D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ’ s B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s h as
c o n d u c t e d s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d w a g e b e n e fit s
o n a n a r e a w id e b a s i s .
In e a c h a r e a , data a r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d a g e n ts to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in
s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g
r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o l e s a l e tr a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s t u d ie s , b e s id e s r a i l r o a d s , a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s a n d the c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m it t e d a l s o b e c a u s e th e y fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u ­
p a tio n s s t u d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n . *
1 W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , se p a ra te
t a b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f th e stu d y and n ot the n u m b e r a c t u a lly
s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g e s ­
t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d fr o m
the s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e
im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e d o n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s d a ta .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s

I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d a l s o (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e ­
le c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y b e n e fit s as th ey r e la t e
to o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s .
T h e t e r m " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u s e d in
th is b u lle t in , in c lu d e s a ll o f f i c e c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s and e x c lu d e s a d ­
m i n is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n ic a l p e r s o n n e l . ^ P la n t
w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in ­
c lu d in g le a d m e n an d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c t io n s . A d m in is ­
t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n ic a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t io n e m p lo y e e s w h o a r e u t iliz e d as a s e p a r a te w o r k
f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d . C a fe t e r ia w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in
m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s , but a r e in c lu d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n ­
u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r ie s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s , and to in s u r e
p r o m p t p u b li c a t io n o f r e s u l t s . T o ob ta in a p p r o p r ia t e a c c u r a c y a t m i n i ­
m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f la r g e than o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s
is s t u d ie d .
In c o m b in in g the d a ta , h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e
g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t. E s t im a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b lis h m e n t s
s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e , as r e la t in g to a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in
th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g an d a r e a , 2 e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m
s i z e s t u d ie d .

S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l data (ta b le B - l ) a r e lim it e d to m a n u fa c tu r in g
i n d u s t r ie s . T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d b oth in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 3 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f to t a l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t ,
an d (b) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d on th e b a s is o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly
e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h ift at the tim e o f the s u r v e y . In e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s h a v in g v a r ie d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t a p p ly in g to a m a jo r it y
w a s u s e d o r , i f n o a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r i t y , the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
'.'o th e r " w a s u s e d .

O c c u p a t io n s an d E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f
m a n u fa c t u r in g an d n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s . O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i ­
c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e
a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u ties w ith in the s a m e jo b
( s e e a p p e n d ix f o r lis t i n g o f th e s e d e s c r i p t i o n s ) .
E a r n in g s d a ta a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s :
(a) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l ; (c ) m a in t e ­
n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t ; an d (d) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t .

M in im u m e n tr a n c e r a t e s (ta b le B - 2 ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s v is it e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d on an e s t a b lis h m e n t , r a th e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s i s .
S c h e d u le d h o u r s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id
v a c a t io n s ; and h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s a r e tr e a t e d s t a t i s ­
t i c a l l y on the b a s is that th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to *a l l p la n t o r o f f ic e
w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y e v e n tu a lly
q u a lify f o r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d . 4
B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , su m s o f in d i­
v id u a l it e m s in th e s e ta b u la tio n s d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y eq u a l t o t a ls .

D a ta a r e sh o w n f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to
w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le in the g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x ­
c lu d e d a l s o , bu t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s and in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in ­
c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c ­
c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the w o r k s c h e d u le s (r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ­
ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a lf d o l l a r .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s is lim it e d to f o r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n t s , e x c lu d in g in f o r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y t im e o ff w ith p a y is g ra n te d
a t the d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r .
S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d

3 A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v in g a p o l i c y if it m e t
e it h e r o f th e f o llo w in g c o n d it io n s : ( l ) O p e r a te d la te sh ifts at the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) h ad f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r in g la te s h ift s .
4 S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s ( f ir s t s e c t io n o f
ta b le B - 3 ) a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w o m e n o f f ic e
w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o f f i c e s w ith the in d ic a t e d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r w o m e n
w ork ers.

* T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e in
S an F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , b y W illia m P . O 'C o n n o r , u n d e r the d i r e c t i o n
o f Joh n L . D a n a , R e g io n a l W a g e and In d u s tr ia l R e la t io n s A n a ly s t .
1 S e e t a b le 1 f o r m i n i m u m - s i z e e s t a b lis h m e n t c o v e r e d .
2 T h e ta b u la tio n o f m in im u m e n tr a n c e r a t e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e
w o r k e r s r e l a t e s o n ly to p r o v i s i o n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d .




and S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v is io n s

1

2

according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service,
payments not on a time basis were converted; for example, a payment
of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of
1 week1 s pay*
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen1s compensation and
social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial
insurance company and those provided through a union fund or paid
directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund
set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions,5 plans are included only if the employer (l) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee

with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law.
Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans which provide full
pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are provided according to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefit.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond the
normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans. Med­
ical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial payment
of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by commercial in­
surance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be selfinsured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to those
plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the worker's
life.
5 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.

Table 1: Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Denver, Colo.,1 by major industry division, December 1955
Minimum
Number of establishments
Workers in establishments
size
establish­
Industry division
Within
Within scope of study
ment
scope of
Studied
in scope of
study
Total 3
Office
Plant
study 2
19,400
60,300
95,400
51
464
139
A ll divisions -------------------------------------------------------3,900
26, 300
46
34,600
51
152
Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------34,000
15,500
60,800
51
93
312
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------Transportation (excluding railroads),
5,000
18
18,600
9, 700
51
37
communication, and other public utilities 4 ------15
8, 500
51
73
Wholesale trade -----------------------------------------------(5)
(5)
16,800
2, 600
21,800
35
51
112
Retail trade ----------------------------------------------------12
5,900
51
42
Finance, insurance, and real estate -----------------(5)
(?)
6,000
13
51
48
Services6---------------------------------------------------------(5)
(5)

Studied
Total3
58,990
21,860
37, 130
15,660
2, 530
14,080
2,490
2,370

1 The Denver Metropolitan Area (Adams, Arapahoe, Denver, and Jefferson Counties). The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a
reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of
comparison with other area employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data com­
piled considerably in advance of the pay period studied and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum size limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade,
finance, auto repair service, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
3 Includes executive, technical, professional and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
4 Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation.
5 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A and B tables, although coverage was insufficient to
justify separate presentation of data.
6 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and
engineering and architectural services.



3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Tabulated below are indexes of salaries of women office cleri­
cal workers, and of average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers, the indexes relate to average
weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is, the standard work
schedule for which straight-time salaries are paid. For plant worker
groups, the indexes measure changes in straight-time hourly earnings,
excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holi­
days, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for selected
key occupations and include most of the numerically important jobs
within each group. Eighteen jobs were included in the office clerical
index; 10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were included
in the plant worker indexes. See footnotes to table 2.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of November
1952 and December 1953 employment in the job.
These weighted
earnings for individual occupations were then added to obtain an aggre­
gate for each occupational group.
Finally, the ratio of these group
aggregates for a given year to the aggregate for the base period (survey
month, winter 1952-53) was computed and the result multiplied by the
base year index (100) to get the index for the given year.

The indexes measure principally the effects of (l) general
salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases in pay re­
ceived by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) labor
turnover or force expansion or reduction. A force expansion might
increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occu­
pation and result in a drop in the index, whereas a reduction in the
proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The
indexes are also affected by shifts in the proportion of workers em­
ployed by establishments with different pay levels.
For example,
the movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the index to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in
other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the index.
Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1952 to 1955 for workers in 17 major
labor markets, appeared in BLS Bull.
1172, Wages and Related
Benefits, 17 Labor Markets, 1954-55.

Table 2: Indexes of standard weekly salaries for office clerical1 and average straight-time hourly earnings for selected plant occupational groups 2
in Denver, Colo. , December 1954 and December 1955, and percent of increase for selected periods
Indexes
Percent increases from—
(November 1952 = 100)
December 1954 December 1953 November 1952 November 1951 November 1951
Industry and occupational group
December
December
to
to
to
to
to
1954
1955
December 1955 December 1954 December 1953 November 1952 December 1955
A ll industries:
22.2
7. 8
5. 7
108. 8
113.3
4.2
2.9
Office clerical (women) -----------------------------------28. 9
6. 6
4. 5
8. 1
7.0
113. 0
Skilled maintenance (m en)----------------------- --------120.9
32. 3
8. 0
5. 7
8.4
6.9
114.2
Unskilled plant (men) ---------------------------------------123. 8
Manufacturing:
20. 0
3. 0
5. 8
3. 8
6. 1
116. 5
Office clerical (women) -----------------------------------109. 8
30. 5
9.2
8. 8
6. 6
3. 1
112. 5
120. 0
Skilled maintenance (men) --------------------------------27. 8
12.4
3. 0
5. 8
4. 3
124. 1
Unskilled plant (men) ---------------------------------------118.9
1 Based on data for the following jobs:
Office clerical (women):
B illers, machine (billing machine)
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B
Comptometer operators
Clerks, file, class A and B
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Key-punch operators
Office girls
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Switchboard operators
Switchboard operator-receptionists

Tabulating-machine operators
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
Transcribing-machine operators, general
Typists, class A and B
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

2 Based on data for the following jobs:
Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics, automotive
Millwrights
Painters
Pipefitters
Sheet-metal workers
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling
Watchmen




A :

O ccu p a tio n a l

5

E a rn in gs

Table A -l: O ffice O ccupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings 1 fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b asis
in D en ver, C o lo . , by industry d iv isio n , D e ce m b e r 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

$
3 0 . 00

$
9 5 . 00

$
1 0 0 .0 0

$
$
1 0 5 . 00 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 00
and

9 5 . 00 1 0 0 . 0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

$
3 5 .0 0

$
4 0 . 00

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 . 00

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 . 00

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 . 00

$
8 5 .0 0

4 0 . 00

4 5 . 00

5 0 .0 0

5 5 . 00

6 0 .0 0

6 5 . 00

7 0 .0 0

7 5 . 00

8 0 .0 0

8 5 . 00

9 0 .0 0

32
15
17

20
2
18

49
19
30

48
21
27

34
15
19

19
2
17

-

1
1

9

-

8
8

-

_

_

-

-

-

8
1
7

9
6
3

2
2

2

$
9 0 . 00

and
under
3 5 .0 0

11 5. 00

over

M en
C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s A --------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------------------

217
78
139

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

>
P
7 5 . 00
7 4 . 50
7 5 .0 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s B ----------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------------

79
59

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

C l e r k s , o r d e r --------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------------

190
54
136

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------------------

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

4
2
2

6 4 . 00
6 4 . 50

_

-

_

-

-

-

20
13

22
l£

22
17

-

-

6
3

1

-

-

-

40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 8 . 00
7 3 . 50
6 6 . 00

-

_
-

-

-

10

-

-

-

10

44
11
33

8
5
3

49
15
34

28

-

31
1
30

61
36
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5

6 9 .0 0
6 9 . 50
69. 00

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3

6

-

-

-

3

6

22
17
5

10
5
5

-

-

7
3
4

2
2

-

9
9
-

2

O ff ic e b o y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------

125
1 10

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

4 6 .0 0
4 6 .0 0

6
6

5
5

61
49

15
15

22
21

8
7

8
7

-

-

-

-

T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------

89
28
61

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

70. 5 0
7 1. 50
7 0 .0 0

-

-

-

8

3

-

-

-

-

-

8

3

4
1
3

12
5
7

12
5
7

14
7
7

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h i n e ) --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------P u b li c u t ilit ie s * -----------------------------------------------------------------

137
116
55

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

54. 50
5 4 . 50
5 2. 50

_
-

_
-

45
34
20

16

13
12
2

-

_
-

5

24
20
7

-

-

30
27
14

16

-

9
8
7

-

-

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) ----------------------------

28

40. 5

5 5 .0 0

_

_

_

9

2

9

4

4

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

14
"5
9

21
12
9

-

-

12
4
8

2
2

-

9
2
7

_

-

4
3
1

_

-

-

.
-

2
2

90
8
82
5
20

58
19
39
1
6

33
15
18
10
1

7
1
6
3
3

-

-

-

-

2

127
2
1 25
4
10

9
9
-

-

60
2
58
4
2

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

4
-

54

54
18
36
17

13

23
12

22

12

14

2

11
4

-

-

3

8
8
-

10

-

31
6
25
10
10

_

68

106
24
82
17
18

46
23
23
3

19

3

3

8
11

-

7

-

1
2
"

13
9

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

1
1

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

1
1

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

12
6
6

15
4
11

7

2

-

_
-

i t

16

9

_
-

-

-

-

-

.
-

7

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

W om en

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------

62
28
34

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

6 5 . 50
6 6 . 50
6 4 . 50

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ----------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------P u b li c u t i li t ie s * ---------------------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e --------------------------------------------------------------------------

386
56
330
27
44

39. 5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

5 1 .5 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s A --------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g — ----------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------P u b li c u t ilit ie s * ---------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------------------------------

216
56
160
46
54

39. 5
40. 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
40. 5

6 3 . 50
6 9 .0 0
62. 00
66. 50
5 6 .5 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s B ----------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------P u b li c u t i li t ie s * ----------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------------------------------

546
113
433
69
108

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 5 .0 0
5 9 .0 0
5 4 .0 0

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A ------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------

76

3 9 .5
3*: 5

65

60.00
5 0 .0 0
5 6 . 50
5 2 .0 0

-

5 2 .5 0

-

9
9
2

5 3 .0 0
5 2 .5 0

_

_

56.50

-

-

4

54

4

25

2

81
13
68
13

103
28
75

4
16

108
14
94
19
25

22

18

16
16

11
11

17
14

16

2

66

9

12

8

4
9

4
3

4

-

"

-

"

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

1
1

3

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i
See footn ote at end o f tab le.
*

T r a n s p o r ta tio n

(e x c lu d in g

377942 0 - 5 6 - 2




O ccupational Wage S urvey, D enver, C olo. , D ecem b er 1955
r a ilr o a d s ),

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

and

o th e r p u b lic

u tilitie s .

U .S .

D E P A R T M E N T

OF

LA B O R
B u reau

of Labor

S ta tis tic s

6

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings 1 fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an area b asis
in D en ver, C o lo ., by industry d ivisio n , D ecem b er 1955)
Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

W o m e n - C on tin u e d

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
3 0 . 00
Weekly
and
earnings
(Standard) u n d e r
35. 00

$
35. 00

$
4 0 . 00

$
4 5 .0 0

40„ 00

45„ 00

50. 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
85. 00 9 0 .0 0 9 5 . 00 l o o . 00 f 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0
50. 00 55. 00 $60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 $75. 00 8 0 .0 0
and
55. 00

60. 00

65. 00

70. 00

75. 00

80. 00

8 5 . 00

C l e r k s , f i l e , c la s s B ------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------------R e t a il tr a d e ------------------------------------------------------------------

402
29
3 73
76

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

<
f
c
«
P
4 5 .5 0
5 1 .0 0
4 5 .0 0
4 7 . 50

7
7
-

33
2
31
7

177
177
15

109
12
97
27

48
7
41
15

18
3
15
9

8
5
3
3

1
1
-

1
1
"

-

.
-

C l e r k s , o r d e r -------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------- ------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------

152
47
105

40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0

52 . 50
54. 00
5 1 .5 0

_
-

-

24
24

30
14
16

27
5
22

41
24
17

30
4
26

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l -----------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ----------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------------------------------

244
106
138
55
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 5
4 0 .0
40. 5

59. 00
6 0 .5 0
57. 50
5 9 .0 0
53. 50

-

-

41
10
31
9
12

41
17
24
10
6

58
"24
34
16
5

33
17
16
6
8

51
33
18
6
-

9
4
5
5
-

5
5
2
1

1
1
1

-

2
2
1

-

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------------------------------

389
65
324
127

39 . 5
4 0 .0
39 . 5
40. 0

5 4 .0 0
58 . 50
53 . 00
52. 50

_
-

1
1
-

18
1
17
8

115
11
104
41

111
10
101
47

52
21
31
6

54
6
48
18

16
6
10
6

20
8
12
1

2
2
-

K e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s * -----------------------------------------------------------

228
44
184
65

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
40. 0

56. 50
6 0 .5 0
55. 50
60. 00

.
-

12
12
-

18
18
1

23
23
8

58
6
52
18

30
14
16
5

41
lS
23
9

21
4
17
10

14
2
12
12

O ffic e g i r l s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------

105
86

40. 0
40. 0

4 3 .0 0
4 i . 50

2
2

16
16

58
45

19
16

6
4

3
3

1
-

_

S e c r e t a r ie s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ----------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------------------------------

733
191
542
147
62

3 9 .5
40. 0
39 . 5
4 0 .0
40. 0

70.
73.
69 .
78.
62.

50
50
50
00
00

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

8
8
2

32
32
12

75
15
60
4
12

125
26
99
15
16

59. 50
6 1 .0 0
5 9 .0 0
6 0 .0 0
5 6 . 50

_
-

6
6
_

-

-

113
19
94
21
21

164
30
134
28
10

66. 00

_

_

_

_

50. 50
”6 17 56
4 8 . 00
4 7 .0 0

_
-

9 0 . 00

S te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l ---------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ----------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------------------S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n ic a l ------------------------------------------------------

951
231
720
194
102
32

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .0
40. 0
40. 0
39. 5

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ----------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------------R e t a il tr a d e --------------------------------------------------------------------

184
------- 3 6
148
55

4 2 .0
40. 0
42. 5
4 0 .5

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ---------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ----------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------------------------------

266
6l
185
29
47

40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 1 .5

53 . 00
52 7 6 6 “
5 3 .5 0
56 . 50
5 0 . 50

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------- -—

42
30

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

67. 50

_

65756""

21
21
9

54
54
13

32
22

-

6
6
-

-

-

26
13
13
7

68
15
53
4
16

-

_
-

See footnote at end of table.
* T ransportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m u n ica tion , and other public u tilitie s.




26
3
23
4
2

_

35
3

_

.
-

110. 00 115. 00

_
-

over

-

_
~

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1
2
-

-

_
_

_
_

_
-

_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

"

-

_
-

11
11
2

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

>

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

166
40
126
25
7

90
31
59
17
7

91
28
63
26
4

50
17
33
25
1

48
19
29
10
1

29
11
18
10
-

3
2
1
1
-

7
2
5
5
-

8
8
8
-

1
1
1
-

-

244
106
160
34
5T ~ — 63“ r
106
72
191
47
34
37
26
31
9

76
50
16
2

53
10
43
6
1

3
2
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

"

-

11

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

7
20
------- 3 "
12
1

5

9

_

_

-

-

-

2
2
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

4

2
2
-

15
11

3
2

7
5

2

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

55
58
— 2 6 “ — n>
40
32
7
13
8
12

27
9
18
3
-

20
1
19
2

_

9
------- T ~

26

-

-

14
7
7
3

5
------- 5 “

_
-

-

105.00

-

22
12
10
3

14
4
10
4

9 5 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0

-

7

T a b l e A-1: O f f i c e O c c u p a t i o n s - C o n t i n u e d
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in D e n v e r , C o l o . , b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , D e c e m b e r 1955)

AvE A E
BQ

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
30.0 0
and

Number

of

S ex, occu p ation , and ind u stry d iv isio n

workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

35.0 0

$
$
35. 00 4 0.0 0

$

4 5 .0 0

$

$

$

60.0 0

5 5.0 0

50. 00

$

6 5.0 0

$

70. 00

$

75.0 0

$
$
$
$
95.00 100.00 105. 00 110.00 115. 00

$

$

$

$

85.0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

100.00 105. 00 110.00 n 5. oo

-

-

80. 00

85. 00

90. 00

and

4 0.0 0

5Q,QQ -5 5 ,0 0

45. 00

65.00

60. Q0

70.00

75.00

8 0 .0 0

_

_

-

-

o ve r

W om en - Continued
T ra n s crib in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , gen era l -------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------

152
31
121

3 9.5
40. 0
3 9.5

$
5 5.0 0
"6 1 .5 6
53. 50

“

1
1
-

12
12

29
2
27

46
2
44

30
6
24

11
4
7

15
13

8
3

2

5

-

-

-

-

"

-

T y p is ts , c la s s A -------------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u tilities * --------------------------------------------------------R e ta il t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------------------

378
45
333
87
60

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

55. 50
58. 00
5 5 .0 0
5 5 .0 0
5 4 .5 0

_
"

_
-

12
12
10
2

60
3
57
11
16

116
12
104
34
17

74
11
63
13
3

85
13
72
9
19

27
5
22
7
3

4
1
3
3
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

T y p is ts , c la s s B -------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u tilities * ---------------------------------------------------------R e ta il tr a d e --------------------------------------------------------------------

585
139
446
33
93

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

4 8 . 50
5 2 .5 0
4 7 .5 0
53. 00
4 8 .0 0

6
6
“

38
3
35
14

134
4
130
4
23

172
37
135
5
23

141
47
94 ‘ "
11
18

64
39
25
11
3

20
9
11
2
6

6
6
6

4
4
-

~

-

“

-

_

_

“

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

_

»

-

-

■

■

-

-

_
-

_

*

-

1 H o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r ie s and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
in D e n v e r , C o l o . , by in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , D e c e m b e r 1955)
Avebaqe

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
s
s
l
$
$
$
Weekly
Weekly U n d er 55. 00 6 0 .0 0 65. 00 7 0 .0 0 75. 00 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 . 00 100. 00 105t 00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135,00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
and
55. 00 u nd er 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 75. 00 80. 00 8 5 .0 0 90 . 00 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105 .00 110 .00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00
6 0 .0 0
135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 o v e r
$

$

M en

1

D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r ----------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------

88
26

4 0 .0
40. 0

$
1 2 9 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0

-

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r ------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -----------------------------------

335
106
229

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .0 0
“ 0 0 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0

-

1
1
-

9
3
6

6
6
-

29

-

D r a ft s m e n , j u n i o r --------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -----------------------------------

155
45
110

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

84. 50
09 . 50
9 0 .5 0

6
5
1

6
5
1

16
13
3

20
5
15

34

4 0 .0

7 2 .0 0

3

1

5

5

-

-

~

-

-

10
10

-

3

_

“

"

3

56
14
42

18
9
9

9
2
7

16
6
10

2
2

9

2

2

-

“

_

“

32

_

_

-

10
10

*

“

2
2

15
7
8

2
1
1

23
11
12

4
4
-

6
6
-

12
6
6

12

15
.
15

26

9

15
15

6

_

1

_

_

3

.

_

“

-

46

60
6
54

15

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

26

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

55
9

15
_

21
r

15
-

10

—

-

17

6

_

_

17

6

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

s

_

.

.

.

1

.

10

.

13
2

_

6
-

8
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

W om en
N u r s e s , i n d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ---------------

1

.

H o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r ie s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .




O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e

S u rvey,

D enver,
U .S .

C o lo . ,

D ecem ber

D E P A R T M E N T
B u reau

OF

of Labor

1955

L A B O R

S ta tis tic s

8

Table A-3: Maintenance apd Powerplant Occupations
(A v e ra g e

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s 1 fo r

in D e n v e r ,

m en

C o lo .,

by

in

s e le c te d

in d u s tr y

o c c u p a tio n s

d iv is io n ,

s tu d ie d

D ecem ber

on a n a r e a

b a sis

1955)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

$
1. 10

%

1 .2 0

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

2 .9 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

~

Average
hourly
earnings

-

-

-

~

“

~

-

“

1
1

-

-

“

~

-

_

7
7

11
9
2

$
1 .0 0
and
u n d er
1. 10

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n c e _______________________ _
M a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________ _

100
54
46

$
2 „ 28
2 .2 7
2 .3 0

E l e c t r ic i a n s , m a in te n a n c e
.................... .....
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _
.
_ ...
.

140
f0 7 -----33

2 .2 5
2 .2 3
2 .2 9

-

-

~

”

E n g in e e r s , s ta tio n a r y .
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

192
140
52

2 .1 1
2 .2 0
1 .8 6

-

-

-

110
----- 68-----42

1 .6 9
1 .9 3
1 .3 1

4
4

-

.

.

F ir e m e n , s t a tio n a r y b o i l e r
M a n u fa ctu rin g
_
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

.........
. ...
... ..............

4
3
1

5
5

15
6
9

13
5
8

23
22
1

11
3
8

5
5

7
7

”

11
9
2

“

11
9
2

51
50
1

33
6
27

11
11

9
9

19
l6
3

35
20
15

27
25
2

13
12
1

30
28
2

5
4
1

13
12
1

-

8
8
~

10
10

26
12
14

73
53
20

6
2
4

n
li

~

30
29
1

“

_

■

“

8
8

'

~

-

1
1
-

5
3
2

“

■

■

-

-

-

-

“

-

9
9

12
12

6
6

“

-

-

“

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N o n m a n u fa ctu r ing

155
116
39

1 .7 8
1 .7 8
1 .7 9

“

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa ctu rin g

211
189

2 .2 5
2 .2 5

~

■

“

~

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e
(m a in te n a n c e )
_
........... ,,,,
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
...... ___
P u b lic u t i li t ie s * _____________________________

532
40
492
467

2 .2 3
2 .1 3
2 .2 4
2 .2 4

-

-

-

“

■

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa ctu rin g

. .. .
_

182
T66

2 .1 8
2 . 17

~

_ . .

50
33

2 . 14
2 .2 1

107
~T66

2 .2 8
2 .2 9

64

5
5

2 .3 2
2 .3 2

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u f a c t u r in g __

......
......
. ..... .................„ , _ _

___

..................
_

P i p e f it t e r s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa ctu rin g
. _ .

__

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
M a n u fa ctu rin g _______

1

E x c lu d e s

*

T r a n s p o r ta tio n

62

p r e m iu m

p a y fo r

(e x c lu d in g




o v e r tim e
r a ilr o a d s ),

an d fo r

w ork

5

~

“

-

-

"

■

”

“

”

4
4

~

■

“

-

“

■

~

h o lid a y s ,
p u b lic

and

la te

u tilitie s .

5
5

3
3

"

“

“

-

4
4

“

15
14
1

15
15
■

11
11
-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

■

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

~

_

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

~

“

“

“

“

“

23
21

4
4

129
121

15
3

■

28
28

2
2

_

2
2

"

37
37
37

33
10
23

1
1
1

4
3
1
1

-

_
-

_
-

■

321
5
316
316

-

■

130
18
112
112

20
20

14
3

1
1

99
99

25
22

2
2

8
_

3
2

12

3
2

8
6

5
5

5
5

2
2

7
7

2
1

5
5

74
74

5
5

j
i

20
20

2
2

3
3

5
5

54

.

62

■

.

~

“

.

an d o th e r

3
3

“

-

1
1
"

.
"

8
9
-------- T -------g -

_

19
14
5

13
l5

~

“

on w e ek e n d s,

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

3
3
“

3
18
------- g - — T ~
9
-

1

s h ifts .

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e
U .S .

D E P A R T M E N T

O F

S u rvey,

D enver,

“

“

.
“

■

1
“

■

.
“

C o lo . ,

■

~

D ecem ber

1955

L A B O R
B u reau

of Labor

S ta tis tic s

9
Table A-4:

Custodial and Material-Movem ent Occupations

(A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s 2 s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
in D e n v e r , C o l o . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 5 )
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G S T R A I G H T - T I M E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S O F —

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

96
92
44

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (w o m e n )
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
........ .
_
R e ta il tr a d e
_
_____ ___ _ _
G u ards
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

_

_

... ..............

_. __

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ( m e n ) ____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g .
............................ .
........
........ ...
............... .
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
R e ta il tr a d e

J a n ito rs, p o r te r s, and c le a n e r s (w om en)
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
R eta il trade
L a b o r e r s , m a teria l handling
__ .
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
... _ ___
_
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
__ „ ......
R etail trade

___

. ........

O rd er fille r s
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
_
R etail trad e _ __
P a c k e r s , shipping (m en)
M anufacturing _
N onm anufacturing
R eta il trade

... _ ._

.

... _
.........
.

P a c k e r s , shipping (w om en)
M anufacturing

Shipping c le r k s
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing

. . .
_

_. ..........

R e ce iv in g c le r k s .............
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
R etail trade

$
0 .9 9
.9 8
1 .0 9

146
10 4
42

.........

Shipping and re c e iv in g c le r k s _
M anufacturing
..... .
N onm anufacturing

........
...

$
0 .6 0
and
u nder
.7 0

$
0 .7 0

$
0 .8 0

$
0 .9 0

$
1 .0 0

$
1 .1 0

$
1 .2 0

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

1 .0 0

1 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

1 . 30

2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

.8 0

.9 0

1 .0 0

1 .1 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

11
11
7

10
9
9

5
2
2

9
$
9

3
3

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

17
17
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

6

4

11

7

2

-

-

-

-

38
38

10
10

47
47

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

.
-

■

-

"

-

6

4

11

7

11
6
5

1

-

9
3
6

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

6

4

-

-

142
65
77
52
2

-

-

"

4
4

.
_
-

.
-

_
_
-

.
_

35

72
38
34
26
1

2
2

-

108
38
70
17
11

1
1

36

108
46
62
9
20

27
26
1

-

175
2
17 3
18
98

82
68
14

_

130
39
91
1
59

38
38

4

54
2
52

73
73

6

50
6
44

4

-

20

8

20

-

-

-

-

20
1

8
7

20
8

119
3
116
19

_
-

56
11
45
3

7
1
6

10
6
4

.
-

.
-

-

"

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

7

16

-

_
_

114
48
66

_

-

-

_
_

.
_
_

_
_

.
_

.
_
_
_

12

17

309
128
181
138
5

440
5
435
435

10

88
24
64
3
21

18
18

-

140
57
83
5
5

32

37

85
67
18
4

6

31
2
29
9

187
9
178
4

-

12
12

29
29

'

-

1 .7 5
1 .9 2
1 .3 3

_
-

1 ,0 7 6
444
632
127
271

1 .3 4
1 .5 3
1 .2 0
1 .4 4
1 .0 7

245
26
219
38

1 .1 9
1 .4 4
1 .1 6
1 .1 1

6

.
-

-

1 ,6 0 3
410
1 ,1 9 3
602
263

1 .7 1
1 .6 3
1 .7 4
1 .9 4
1 .5 6

6

816
2£!
553
148

1 .6 1
1 .7 4
1 .5 5
1 .4 0

_
-

255
158
97
30
103
65
197
60
137
68

.... ..... ._

Average
hourly
earnings

1 .4 9
1 .5 8
1 .3 4
1 .2 3
1 .2 3
1 .2 5
1 .6 5

' 1.86 “
1 .5 5
1 .4 5

160
57
103

1 .6 9
1 .7 8
1 .6 4

133
93
40

1 .7 2

1.66

-

7
-

6

7

-

16

_
-

_
-

40

-

_
-

-

.
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_

.

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_

_

6

-

6

-

-

_
-

.

6

-

"
-

-

16

29
11
18

It

55

-

-

-

40
40

32
26

37
4

13
13

6
2
12

29
19
10
7
36
31
2

28

----- 5
—
23
16
5

“

18

33
29
9

63
8
55
27
28

12
2
6

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

18
14

9
9

6
2

_

_

1

-

-

“

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 .8 4

44
14
30
6

69

12
12

-

-

See footnotes at end o f ta b le.
* T ra n sp ortation (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.




10

-

77

-

-

1

13
4
9

3

11
9

1

2

—

4

r~

3

11
11

1
1

-

1
1

_

-

23

19

21
6

16
4

2

3

-

2
2

-

-

245
229
19
152

48
24
24
2
3

60
57
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

151
18
133
50

87
72
15
3

62
55
7

29
28
1

6
6

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

30
25
5

17
17

18

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

.

36
29
7
6

_

16

-

37
9
28
1

-

29
13
16
11

_

-

-

27
3
24

40
12
28

13
2
11

23
16

23
17

19
16

1

3

27
15
12

10

-

31
28

6

-

3
3

30
10
20

-

3

-

8
2

7

3

-

18

-

.
-

_

.

.

6

—

_

u~
-

-

-

3

-

-

'3
-

2

9
-

1
1

1

-

-

4

1

-

.

4

-

-

9

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,

2
1

-

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

_
-

-

3
3

_

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tics

10

Table A-4:

Custodial and Material-Movem ent Occupations - Continued

(A vera g e hou rly earnings 1 fo r se le c te d occup ations 2 studied on an a rea basis
in D en ver, C o lo . , by industry d ivisio n , D e ce m b e r 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

hourly
earnings

$
0 .6 0
and
under
.7 0

$
0 .7 0
■
.8 0

$
0 .8 0

$

$
0 .9 0

$
1 .0 0

1.10

“
»9 0 — 1 .0 0

“
1 .1 0

1.20

■

■

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

“
1 .3 0

“
1 .4 0

~
1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

~
2 .0 0

~
2 .L Q - 2 .2 0

1 ,5 7 8
------ 4 4 2
1 , 136
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
_____________________
_____ _
625
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________________
179

$
1 .8 1
1 .7 8
1 .8 2
1 .9 1
1 .7 8

T r u c k d r i v e r s , l i g h t ( u n d e r l l/z t o n s ) . _
M a n u f a c t u r in g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
. . ..

379
96
283

1 .6 4
1 .6 2
1 .6 5

701
------ 2 4 3
458
267
54

1 .8 2
1 .8 4
1 .8 1
1 .9 0
1 .7 7

T r u c k d riv e r s , h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
t r a i l e r t y p e ) _____________________________________
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * . __ _ _
. ..
_ .

333
319
234

1 .9 7
1 .9 7
2 .0 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

T r u c k d riv e r s , h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
th a n t r a i l e r t y p e )
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
... . .... _
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *

12 6
76
43

1 .8 2
1 .8 6
1 .8 2

-

-

-

_

_

T r u c k e r s , p ow er (fo r k lift)
M a n u f a c t u r in g _
_
...........
_________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _______________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * --------------------------------------------- _

309
184
125
75

1 .8 1
1 .7 2
1 .9 4
2 .1 0

W a t c h m e n ________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g
.................................
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
R e ta il tra d e .

195
108
87
33

1 .3 4
1 .3 9
1 .2 8
1 .2 4

T r u c k d riv e r s 3

_

_ ..

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d i u m ( 1 V2 t o a n d
i n c lu d in g 4 t o n s ) ... ...
_
M a n u f a c t u r in g _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
_
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * __ _
_ .
R e t a i l t r a d e __________________________________

-

-

24

-

-

-

73
6
67

81
21
60

134
5
129

12
5
7

28
28
_

.

4
4

_

_

.

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

35
21
14

106
31
75

1P1
64
117
117

76
26
50
2
4

79
44
35
11
24

157
20
137
137

1
1

23
23

-

2

-

_

-

-

-

50
50
50

63
62
8

9
8
_

19
19

177
176
176

2

19
19
1

14

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

“

1

12

7
_

6

9
9
_

8
8
_

23
8
15

-

-

-

_

_

2
_

_
-

_
-

12
9
3

25

_

2

25

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

6

18

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

13
4

_

_

5
_

6
_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

_

“
2 .7 0

~

25
25

-

-

l* 4 Q - 2_. 50 ,_ 2 . 6 0

201
2
199
183

-

-

48
------g—
40

“
-2».3J?._.

177
20
1 57
1 38
3

-

_

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .4 0

149
104
45
13
24

-

-

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .3 0
~

$
2 .2 0

180
42
138
12
82

10
8
2

-

2 .1 0

427
96
331
279
32

21
T8
3

_

-

113
32
81

216
77
139

6
1

_

-

_

_

_

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

2
-------- 2 T

-

_

2

_

2
2

_

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

oth er
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
-

“

"

"

“

.

18

.

26

77
77

_

_

-

3

4

45
27
18

_

_

50
29
21

4

18

3
_

30

_

-

4

-

“

"

"

“

”

“

~

26

26
24
2
1

8
4
4

7

14
11
3
3

17
10
7

_

_

_

1

2
_

_

-

.

.

.

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

"

~

■

■

■

~

1
_

4

12

32

_

1

4
1

17
2
15
2

28
24
4
3

_

~

_

“

1

11
8

■

rr~
15

3

-

62
35
32

-

1 E xcludes prem iu m pay for o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eeken ds, h olid a ys, and late shifts.
Data lim ited to m en w ork ers excep t w h ere oth erw ise indicated.
3 Includes all d r iv e r s re g a r d le s s o f size and type o f tru ck op era ted .
* T ransportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u n ica tion , and other public u tilitie s.




7

-

_

%

$
1 .2 0

TS
11
9

_

_

7
3

_

2
2

1

19
19
7

82
7
75
75

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

■

-

-

.

.

.

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

■

_

_

-

-

“

-

“

2
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-1: Shift Differential Provisions 1
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —
(a )
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g
fo r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

T o t a l __

___________________

8 1 .0

7 1 .6

_______________________

8 1 .0
7 2 .6

_____________________________________________

W it h s h i ft p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l

__________

_____

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r )
5 cen ts
_
_
_
6 cen ts
_ __
__ _
7 c e n t s ___________________________________ _______________________
7 1 cen ts
/?.
_
_
__
_
8 cen ts
__________________________________________________________
9 cen ts
___________________________________________________________
10 c e n t s
12 c e n t s _
I 2 V2 c e n t s ________________________________________________________
1 3 V2 c e n t s ____________________________ ___________________________
13% cen ts .
16 c e n t s ___________________________________________________________
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h i ft w o r k

_______________________________________________

10 p e r c e n t

(b )
A c t u a lly w o r k in g o n —

S e c o n d s h ift

1 2 .7

4 .0

7 1 .6

1 2 .7

4 .0

5 9 .8

1 2 .6

3 .9

_

1 09
5 .7

1 4 .5
_
_
_
1 1 .6
1 5 .4
5 .2
1 0 .2
_
-

3 .5
4 .4
.7
1 .6
.4
.7
.4
.9

-

1 2 .2
1 8 .4
3 .6
1 1 .6
7 .0
1 1 .6
.7
-

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

2 .9

-

.6

-

-

.6

-

_
2 .9
-

.2
.3
.3
.2
-

F u l l d a y ’ s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s _______________________________

2 .2

2 .0

-

-

O t h e r ____________________________ _________ _____________________________

5 .6

9 .7

.2

. 1

-

-

-

-

N o s h ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l

s h ifts
t io n s :

1
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f ( a ) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , a n d ( b ) w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n l a t e
a t t h e t i m e o f t h e s u r v e y . A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v i n g a p o l i c y i f it m e t e i t h e r o f t h e f o l l o w i n g c o n d i ­
( 1 ) O p e r a t e d l a t e s h i f t s at t h e t i m e o f t h e s u r v e y , o r ( 2 ) h a d f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g l a t e s h i f t s .

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,

D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

12

Table B-2: Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1
N u m b e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m h i r i n g r a t e in —

M in im u m r a t e
(w e e k ly s a la r y )

B a s e d o n s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f —

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d _______________________________________

139

46

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m h i r i n g r a t e in —

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

M a n u f a c t u r in g

40

XXX

A ll
s c h e d u le s

93

M a n u fa c t u r in g

A ll
s c h e d u le s

XXX

139

F O R IN E X P E R IE N C E D T Y P IS T S

E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g a
s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m ..
$ 3 2 .5 0
$ 3 5 .0 0
$ 3 7 .5 0
$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
over

$ 3 5 .0 0
....
$ 3 7 .5 0
$ 4 0 .0 0
._ _
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
_
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
.......................

B a s e d on s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f —

A ll
in d u s t r ie s
40

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

46

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

93

XXX

40

XXX

F O R O T H E R IN E X P E R IE N C E D C L E R IC A L W O R K E R S

58

22

21

36

29

71

21

20

50

42

4
3
7
11
7
9
8
3
2
4

2
1

2
1

2
1

-

_

_

4
3
3
5
1

4
2
3
5
1

5
3
3
2
2

5
2
3
2
2

-

_

3

3

2
2
6
7
2
3
3
1
2
1

2
1

-

2
2
7
7
4
6
3
2
2
1

3
7
3
13
2
3
4
1
4
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

5
8
4
19
9
8
6
3
4
4
1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o
s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m

37

13

XXX

24

XXX

37

13

XXX

24

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d i d n o t e m p l o y
w o r k e r s in t h is c a t e g o r y

44

11

XXX

33

XXX

31

12

XXX

19

XXX

1
2

.

. ...................

.

_




3

-

L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d f o r h i r i n g i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t y p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d ,

_

3

3
7
4
14
6
5
4
1
4
1

-

1

an d f o r th e

m ost

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,

com m on

w ork w eek

rep orted .

D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

13

Table B-3: Scheduled Weekly Hours
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S ^ E M P L O Y E D I N —

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

W e e k ly h o u r s
All
2
industries

100

A ll w o r k e r s

3 7 l* h o u r s o r l e s s
lz
3
O v e r 37 Vz a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s
40 h o u r s
O v e r 40 an d u n d er 44 h o u r s
44 h o u r s
O v e r 44 an d u n d e r 48 h o u r s
4 8 h o u r s ____
O v e r 48 h o u r s

1

100

5
93

-

97

18
72

_

t
_

AU
3
industries

M anufacturing

100

10 0

3

t

6

_

Finance

1 00

8
82
_

R etail trade

100

Public
u tilities*

100

t

'

8
_

_

_

87
_

83
_

70
5

_

t

t

t

t

5
t
-

4
3
9

t

3

7
5
4

~

”

'

100

-

t

t
-

R etail trade

77

t

t

t
t

'

3
t
*

M an u facturin g

P u b lic
u tilities*

_

18
5

'

D a ta r e la t e t o w o m e n w o r k e r s o n ly .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y ,
L e s s th a n 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

Table IU; Paid Holidays1
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —

Item

A ll w o r k e r s

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id h o lid a y s
3 h a lf h o lid a y s
5 h o lid a y s
6 h o lid a y s
F u ll d a y s o n ly
P lu s 1 h a lf d ay
P lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
7 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s
_
10 h o l i d a y s
....
... _
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id h o lid a y s

A ll
industries

2

M an u facturin g

P u blic
utilities *

R etail trade

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Finance

AU
3
industries

M an u facturin g

Public
u tilities*

R etail trade

100

100

100

10 0

100

10 0

100

100

99

100

100

98

91

96

93

91

-

-

t

-

-

-

-

-

t

t

t

-

-

t

16
16

90
90

61
61

58
57

31
31

87
87

-

-

48
43
5

76
50
24

t

t

-

22
29

13
11

41
43

t

-

-

t

-

-

3
4

-

-

t

t

t

-

-

18
11

25
13

30
33

t
-

-

-

-

-

-

t

9

4

7

9

1 E s t i m a t e s r e l a t e t o f u l l - d a y h o l i d a y s p r o v i d e d a n n u a l ly , a s in e a r l i e r s t u d i e s .
T h e s e a r e fu r th e r d iv id e d b e tw e e n w o r k e r s w h o r e d e i v e m e r e l y th e in d ic a te d n u m b e r o f f u ll - d a y h o lid a y s ,
t h o s e w h o r e c e i v e 1 o r m o r e h a l f h o l i d a y s in a d d i t i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y ,
| L e s s th an 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .




O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,

and

D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1 95 5
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tics

14

Table B-5:

Paid Vacations

P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —

V a c a tio n p o l ic y

A ll
industries

.

1

M an u facturin g

Pu blic
utilities

*

R etail trade

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Finance

All
2
industries

M an u facturin g

Public
utilities

*

R etail trade

100

10 0

100

100

10 0

100

100

100

99
99

100
100

98
96

t

100
96
4

100
100

“

99
99
“

99
97

t

10 0
97
3

“

t

t

“

"

t

t

~

~

t

41
58

34
61
5

53
47
-

74
26
-

77
5
17
-

82
5
13
-

56
17
28
-

81
17
-

■

t

■

“

"

8
17
75
-

40

M ETHOD OF PAYM EN T

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g p a i d
v a c a t i o n s --------------------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t --------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g n o
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ------------------------------------------------------------

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________ _________________________ ______________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------

t

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
12

17

_

t

t

81
4

76
5
-

100
-

17
70
13

45
6
46
-

59
8
30
3
-

“

”

t

“

_
100
-

6
81
13

-

“

1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------

*

t

3
78

4
91

-

t
t
t

t

t

-

58
-

~

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
5
-

1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------- —------------------------------- ---------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------

89
4
t

10
85
5
-

21
7
70

t

17
83
-

89
-

-

-

-

”

-

-

94
4

100

5
87

-

-

t

-

6

31
9
58
3

9
-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

t
w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------

89
7
3

2

S ee fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) ,




93
6

t

100
-

18

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,
c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s

NOTE:

In t h e t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t i o n a l l o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , "
s u ch a s p e r c e n t a g e o f an n u a l e a r n in g s o r fla t -s u m
p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t tim e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .

D e n v e r , C o lo . , D e c e m b e r 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

15

Table B-5:

Paid Vacations - Continued

P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —

V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll w o rk e rs

-------------------------------------------------------------------

All
in d u stries 1

100

M an u facturin g

10 0

Pu blic
utilities

*

R etail trade

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

F inance

A ll
2
industries

10 0

100

100

3
78
5
13

4
77
11
7

M an u facturin g

Public
utilities

*

R etail trade

10 0

1 00

100

82
17

5
87
_

t

70
18
12
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

.

_

33
67

5
50
_

-

13
17
71
-

44
_

-

-

-

A M O U N T O F V A C A T I O N P A Y - C o n tin u e d

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s a n d o v e r ---------------------------------------------------------

t

_

.

80
4
14
-

78
6
16
-

98
-

t

“

-

t

t

6

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1
2
O
3
O
4

w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------w e e k s a n d o v e r ---------------------------------------------------------

t

_

_

27
69
-

20
5
75
-

12
88

3
24
_
60

4
37
3
55

-

-

t

“

t
-

t

13

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------4 w e e k s a n d o v e r ---------------------------------------------------------

_

t
24
69

20
5
74

t

t

t
4

12
88
"

3
24
59
14

.

_

t

33
63
4

13
17
71
-

5
50
44
-

"

"

“

-

13
17
71
-

47
_

4
37
3
54

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------3 w e e k s — ----------- - - -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------4 w e e k s a n d o v e r ----------------------------------------------------------

1
2
■f
*

t
22

20

t

5

63
-

60
-

14

15

12
-

88
-

3
23
31
43

4
36

3
45

t

3

10

13

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




_
33
50

5
31
-

15

16

Table B-6: Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
PERCEN T OF OFFICE WORKERS EM PLOYED IN—

T y p e o f pla n

A l l w o r k e r s ________________________________________

All
,
industries 1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

*

Retail trade

PERCENT OF P LA N T W ORKERS E M P L O YE D IN —

Finance

AU
industries A

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

81

90

75

59

72

85

85

53

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g ;
L ife in s u r a n c e _____________________________ __
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e ______________________________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e
o r s i c k le a v e o r b oth 3 _______________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e ______ .
S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y and no
w a itin g p e r i o d ) ________ _______ ___________
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r i o d )
__
___
H o s p it a liz a t io n i n s u r a n c e
_
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ____________________________
C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e ________________________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n ____________________________
No h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n
p l a n _____________________________________________

1
2
3
t
*

22

60

13

23

31

43

30

17

68
19

78
41

94
14

45
11

66
43

77
66

84
26

47
20

46

46

69

20

15

6

19

26

13
58
57
45
4
64

3
72
72
64

21
44
44
40

25
46
44
29
12
48

21
56
55
45
5
38

20
70
70
64

44
56
56
52

-

-

36

65

16
40
37
18
13
37

10

8

26

18

12

-

25

-

-

55

83

t

In c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e l y .
U n d u p lica te d to t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s i c k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w ,
L e s s than 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .




O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s

17

Appendix- Job Descriptions

The
a ssist
a

its

v a r ie ty

and

of

fr o m

ra te s
c a n tly

in

p a y r o ll
to

title s

s u p e r v is o r s ,

tem p o ra ry ,

in

jo b

and

p r e p a r in g

in

a p p r e n tic e s ,

th e

to

B ecau se
th e

fie ld

th e

of

fro m

th is

or

jo b

on

of

are

su rveys

is

e m p lo y e d
to

e s ta b lis h m e n t

o c c u p a tio n a l

fo r

m ay

d iffe r

o th e r

in s tr u c te d

h a n d ic a p p e d

to

under
w age

in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t

d e s c r ip tio n s

p rep ared

tr a in e e s ,

are

g r o u p in g

e m p h a s is

th o se

w age

w ho

e s ta b lis h m e n t

th e

r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s

b e g in n e r s ,

B u re a u ’s

w ork ers

p e r m it

B u re a u ’s

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

B u reau ’s

le a r n e r s ,

p r o b a tio n a r y

order

c o n te n t,

in d iv id u a l

fo r

o c c u p a tio n s

a rra n g e m e n ts

in

c o n te n t.

o f o c c u p a tio n a l

u se

d e s c r ip tio n s

w ork

e s s e n tia l

jo b

d e s c r ip tio n s ,

jo b

in to a p p r o p r i a t e

d iffe r e n t
is

c o m p a r a b le

th o se

th ese

and
T h is

c o m p a r a b ility

fr o m

of

c la s s ify in g

area.

r e p r e s e n tin g

a p p ly in g

pu rp ose

sta ff

area

in te r a r e a

in g

p r im a r y

fie ld

and

s ig n ifi­

pu rp oses.

to

e x c lu d e

w ork ers,

In

w ork­

p a r t-tim e ,

w ork ers.

O f f i c e
B IL L E R ,

P rep ares
th a n

an

as

b illin g s

to

B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E

M A C H IN E

o r d in a r y

c id e n ta l

or

to

m a c h in e ,

sta te m e n ts,
or

s h ip p in g

b illin g

are

b ills ,

e le c tr o m a tic
charges

in v o ic e s

or

b y ty p e

w age

on

M ay

p e r fo r m

F or

o p e r a tio n s .

c la s s ifie d

and

ty p e w r ite r .

o th e r
stu d y

o f m a c h in e ,

a

as

m a c h in e

a ls o

keep

c le r ic a l w o rk
p u rp oses,

C la s s

o th e r

records
in ­

b ille r s ,

th e

stru ctu re

m in e s

m a c h in e
are

(M o o n
fro m

o rd ers,

s h ip p in g

n ecessa ry
by

ty p in g

d is c o u n ts

m a c h in e .

and

The

carbon

c o p ie s

fa n fo ld

of

and

o p e r a tio n
th e

b ill

be

to

p rep are

U s u a lly

in v o lv e s

or

charges

m ay not

are

be

p rep ared

b ills

u sed

e n try

of

o n th e

of a

k e e p in g .

m ay

or

b ills

(S u n d str a n d ,
m ay

as

part

in v o lv e s

th e

record .
num ber
of

sa le s

of

keyboard)

a cco u n ts

r e c e iv a b le

m a c h in e

e n try

num ber

o fte n

d e b it o r

and

c r e d it

and

U ses

to

done

on

of
a

c r e d it

b a la n c e s .

W orks

fr o m

R and,

w h ic h

o p e r a tio n .

G e n e r a lly

on

and

c u sto m e rs'

u s u a lly

D oes not

u n ifo r m

e tc . ,

cu sto m e rs'

a c c u m u la te s

co m p u te s

a b o o k k e e p in g

p rep are

fig u r e s

a u to m a tic a lly

o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s
th e

of

-

R e m in g to n

ty p e w r ite r

th e

b o o k k e e p in g .

m a c h in e )

E llio ttT F is h e r ,

s im u lta n e o u s

The

m a tic a lly
edge

not have

(b o o k k e e p in g

and

fig u r e s
p r in ts

in v o lv e

a

sta n d a rd

le d g e r
on

a

a u to ­
k n o w l­

ty p e s

under

b a la n c e s
C L E R K ,

has

F is h e r ,
out

S u n d stra n d ,

a ty p e w r ite r




B u rrou gh s,

k eyboard)

to

(R e m in g to n

N a tio n a l C a s h R e g is t e r ,

keep

a

record

of

b u s in e s s

o th e r
of

or

in c lu d e

check

c o n tro l

ty p e

fo r

hand.
or

s e c tio n s

o f b a s ic b o o k ­

p a y a b le ,

p a y r o ll,

o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d

exp en se

d is tr ib u tio n ,

in p r e p a r a t i o n

th e

ite m s

c o n s o lid a te d

p h ases

a cco u n ts

or a ssist

of

D e te r­

c r e d it

k n o w le d g e

s im p le

sh e e ts

u sed .

and

by

m ore

little

k n o w le d g e

p rep are

records

one

r e q u ir in g

M ay

d e b it

M ay

c o s t d is tr ib u tio n ,

e tc .

A

b u s in e s s

s u b s id ia r y
co u n ts

R and,
w ith

E llio tt

or

g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n

a c c o u n tin g

of

in ­

tr ia l

d e p a rtm e n t.

a s s ig n a tio n s

C la s s

B

and

U nder

p a y a b le
bank

general

o r w ith ­

w h ic h

th e

tio n a l

b a s is

c lo s in g

in v o lv e s
as

and

of

a c c o u n t­

of

a

e s ta b lis h ­
b a la n c in g

r e c e iv a b le

in v o ic e s

or

or

vou ch ers

ju d g m e n t

and

a llo c a tio n s .
e n tr ie s ;

com ­

an
and

p o stin g

a cco u n ts

jo u r n a l

or

s e c tio n s

one p h ase

r e q u ir e s

s u p e r v is io n ,

m ore

su ch

vou ch ers,
a cco u n ts;

le d g e r s .
and

tr a n s a c tio n s .

to

m ore

e x p e r ie n c e

M ay
m ay

a c ­
w ith

a s s is t

d ir e c t

in

c la s s

c le r k s .
-

o p e r a tio n s

a c c o u n tin g

or

c o d in g

d is tr ib u tio n ;

a d ju s tin g ,

a c c o u n tin g

W ork
su ch

and

of a bookkeeper

one

r e la tin g

le d g e r s

e x a m in in g

prop er

p r e p a r in g ,

k e e p in g

record s

or

a c c o u n tin g

m a k in g

fo r

tr a n s a c tio n s .

le d g e r

p a y a b le ;

prop er

B

U nder

set of books

m e n t 's

in

-

r e s p o n s ib ility

r e c o n c ilin g

O P E R A T O R
m a c h in e

and

record

sy ste m

of

w ork .

s e c tio n s

and p re p a re

a c c o u n tin g

b o o k k e e p in g

or

a c c o u n tin g

a

a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith

A C C O U N T IN G

p le te

by
a

a

u s u a lly

P h ases

r e q u ir in g

d is tr ib u tio n

o f th e

sh e e ts,

K eeps

c o n tr o l,

a cco u n ts

O p e ra tes

and

b ille r , m a c h in e ),

v e n to ry

of

s lip s .

B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E

-

record s

c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a

a n t,
m a c h in e

B

of

p a r tic u la r

each p h ase

b a la n c e

C la s s

m a c h in e

th e

set

C o n tin u e d

b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s

records

set of records

m a c h in e .

B ille r ,

of

in

C la s s

a

-

a c c u m u la te d

la r g e

is

and

a p p lic a tio n

c o m p u te d

a

and

w h ic h

prepared

and

a u to m a tic a lly
in v o lv e s

b illin g

e t c .,

in te r n a lly

u s u a lly

b e in g

s p e c ia l

B u rrou gh s,

s h ip p in g

w h ic h

a

ord ers,

e tc .

w h ic h m a y
to ta ls

U ses

m a c h in e s )

p u rch ase

m em oranda,

-

F is h e r ,

a n d a d d in g

e x te n s io n s ,

m a c h in e ,

m a c h in e )

E llio tt

c u sto m e rs'

p r e d e te r m in e d

b illin g

(b illin g

H o p k in s ,

c o m b in a tio n

in v o ic e s
of

m a c h in e

K eeps
in b a s i c

p rop er

re p o rts,
B ille r ,

-

e x p e r ie n c e

to

fo llo w s :

A

and

O P E R A T O R

T h is

b o o k k e e p in g
r o u tin e

am ong

as

one

s im p le

e n te rin g

vou ch ers

p o s tin g

s u b s id ia r y

jo b

does

not

p r in c ip le s

a c c o u n tin g

several

p e r fo r m s

p o s tin g

w ork

w ork ers.

or

in v o u c h e r
le d g e r s

r e q u ir e

but
is

m ore

jo u r n a l

is

a

fo u n d

r o u tin e

vou ch ers,
r e g is te r s ;
c o n tr o lle d

k n o w le d g e
in

s u b d iv id e d

o ffic e s
on

a

of
in

fu n c ­

18

C L E R K ,

K E Y -P U N C H

F IL E
C la s s

sy ste m .
m ay
in

A

-

R e s p o n s ib le

C la s s ifie s

a ls o

file

th is

c o n ju n c tio n

m a te r ia l

and

in

m a te r ia l.

w ith f i l e s
th e

fo r

m a in ta in in g

in d e x e s
or

file s .

M ay

keep

s u p e r v is e

M ay

an

e s ta b lis h e d

corresp on d en ce

or

records

o th e rs

p e r fo r m

of

v a r io u s

in f i l i n g

in c id e n ta l

and

U nder

filin g

o th e r m a te r ia l;
ty p e s

lo c a tin g

c le r ic a l

d u tie s .

O P E R A T O R

b ilitie s ,
by

p u n c h in g

u s in g

g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n

record s

an

w r itte n

a

a c c o u n tin g

s e r ie s

a lp h a b e tic a l
in fo r m a tio n

C la s s

B

-

a lr e a d y

te r ia l
C L E R K ,

in

th e

phone,

lis tin g

c u sto m e rs’

or

of

a ssists

m a te r ia l

th a t

in l o c a t i n g

in c id e n ta l c le r i c a l

to

p r ic e s

to

be

m ake

up

in v o lv e

of

fo llo w

th e

order;

M ay

check

c u sto m e r,

up

orders

r e c e iv e d ,

m a te r ia l or

c u sto m e rs;

d is tr ib u tin g

fille d .

orders

fo r

D u tie s

to

sh e e t;

r a tin g

c u sto m e rs,

orders

p e r s o n a lly .

order

c r e d it
of

p e rfo r m

u s u a lly

or

M a y v e r ify

ow n w ork

O F F IC E

d u tie s.

sh e e ts

c r e d it

th a t

check

out

an

c h e c k in g p r ic e s
order

w ith

see

m e r c h a n d ise

c o m b in a tio n

m a k in g

a c k n o w le d g e

to

and

any

have

s h ip p in g

of

sh eet

B O Y

in v o ic e s

to

w ith

d e­

d e te r­
fr o m

fille d ,

keep

o r ig in a l

OR

and

d a ta

on th e

e a r n in g s

b ased

tim e ,
out

w ages

p a y r o ll
on tim e

on p a y r o ll s h e e t ,

d u ty

o th e r

C o m p to m e te r

is

in v o lv e :

record s;
su ch

as

in s u r a n c e ,

e n te rs

th e

C a lc u la tin g

p o stin g

v a r io u s

of

in

o th e r

and

m in o r

P e r fo r m s
a d m in is tr a tiv e
m e n ts
and

fo r

s ib ilitie s ,

not

p le te d

o th e r

d e n tia l

as

su ch

of

as

s e a le r s

punch

r u n n in g

or

c le r ic a l

or

th e

r e c e iv in g

th e

card s.

erran d s,

m a ile r s ,

o p e n in g

w ork .

w r itin g

r o u tin e

recorded

or

re p o rts

m a c h in e

o ffic e ;
on

not

and

on a

o r m e m o r a n d a fo r

s u p e r io r

in a n

a p p o in t­

a n sw e r in g

im p o r ta n t

is

m a c h in e ,

rep rod u ced

a

m a k in g

in to

and

corresp on d en ce

s im ila r

in fo r m a tio n

s p e c ia l

fo r

in c lu d e

c o m in g

p erson al

tr a n s c r ib in g

ste n o ty p e

d u tie s

D u tie s

p e o p le

h a n d lin g

(w h e re

by

c le r ic a l

p o s itio n .

c a lls ;

and

d ic ta tio n

or

e x e c u tiv e

phone

m a il,

ta k in g

s e c r e ta r ia l and

or

su p e r io r ;

m a k in g

and

to ta l

in

a c a lc u la tin g

w ages

m a k in g

up

d a ta

P r im a r y

w o r k in g

e ith e r

in

or

ow n

c o n fi­

in itia tiv e ;

u sed )

e ith e r

tr a n s c r ib in g

tr a n s c r ib in g

in fo r m a tio n

in

d ic ta ­

m a c h in e .

of su p e r io r .

G E N E R A L

n orm al

due.

M ay
d is ­

file s

r o u tin e

w r ite r .

and

d u ty

sh o rth a n d
M ay

in

a ls o

ty p e

c le r k ,

w h ic h ,

a

C o m p to m e te r

is

not

to

w h ic h

u se

of

be

m ay
th is

to p e r f o r m

c o n fu se d
in v o lv e

is

d u ty

of

e ith e r

in

u se

of

v a r ie d

te c h n ic a l o r

in c id e n ta l

to

re p o rts

sh o rth a n d
on

file s

M ay
in

O P E R A T O R

(M IM E O G R A P H

OR

general

reprodu ces

u sin g

a

su ch

or

m u ltip le

m im e o g r a p h

as

r e q u ir e d

s te n c ils

s u p e r v is io n

fo r

to

in k

and

p rep are

d itto

m a te r ia l.




or

c o p ie s
d itto

paper

s te n c il

m a ste rs.

and

w ith
of

no

fe e d
or

M ay

co u n ter

d itto
so rt,

or

M akes
and

m a ste r.
c o lla te ,

to t r a n s c r i b e

w r itte n

(se e

fro m

copy.

record s,

one

s im ila r
th is

M ay

e tc .

or

m ore

m a c h in e ,
d ic ta tio n
a ls o

D oes

t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e

set
not

p erso n s,

in v o lv in g
on

up

a

a

ty p e ­

and

in c lu d e

keep
tra n -

o p e r a to r ).

is

to ta k e

by

s p e c ia liz e d
research

a ls o

order,

d ic ta tio n

ste n o ty p e

ty p e

and

s im p le

to

fr o m

one

s im ila r

v o c a b u la r y

fro m

keep

or

su ch

as

tr a n s c r ib e

w r itte n

copy.

reco rd s,

or

m ore

m a c h in e ,
in

le g a l

th is

M ay

e tc .

p erson s,

in v o lv in g
b r ie fs

d ic ta tio n
a ls o

D oes

set

on

up

not

a
or
a

and

in c lu d e

w ork .

D IT T O )

s u p e r v is o r y

ty p e w ritte n

m a c h in e .

fr o m

or

s c ie n tific

ty p e w r ite r .

and

or

T E C H N IC A L

th a t

fr e q u e n t

m a c h in e

P r im a r y

m a th e ­

w ith

d ic ta tio n

ste n o ty p e

s im p le

w ork

ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

jo b

to ta k e

by

keep

s c r ib in g -m a c h in e

m a c h in e .

is

or

v o c a b u la r y ,

ord er,

S W IT C H B O A R D
U nder

Is

d u tie s

m a il,

w ork ers'

d u tie s .

D U P L I C A T I N G -M A C H I N E

u sed

r o u tin e

d is tr ib u tin g

keep

ju s tm e n t

file s

u s in g

of o th e rs.

su ch

tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e

m a tte r,

K eeps

fo llo w in g

by

n eces­

c a lc u la te d

w o rk e r’s n am e,

p a y m a ster

to o p e r a t e
T h is

ty p e

b u t,

of

and

O P E R A T O R

P r im a r y

p e r fo r m a n c e

fo r

a ssist
M ay u se

c o m p u ta tio n s .
or

D u tie s

in fo r m a tio n

and

e n v e lo p e s .

e m p lo y e e s

p r o d u c tio n

d e d u c tio n s

C O M P T O M E T E R

s ta tis tic a l

com pany

sh e e ts.

sh o w in g

ra te ,

pay

of

or

paych ecks

tr ib u tin g

a

m a c h in e ,
cards

card s

seq u en ce,

G IR L

ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

m a tic a l

s p e c ifie d

P A Y R O L L
C o m p u tes

days,

m a c h in e .

r e s p o n s i­

ta b u la tin g

SE C R E T A R Y

tio n

m ake

a

d u p lic a te

m a c h in e s

M ay p rep are

sary

on

k e y -p u n c h

M ay

o ffic e

sh o rth a n d

o rd ers.

C L E R K ,

in

card s

n u m e r ic a l

or w ork

s u p e r v is o r y

th e

in

to

no

d a ta

m in o r

q u a n titie s

orders

been

by
th e

r e s p e c tiv e

d e p a rtm e n t

r e c e ip t

th e y

and

to

of

order

w ith

m a ­

o p e r a tin g

ite m s
on

p a rtm e n ts

file

filin g ,

lo c a te s

a

and

s ta tis tic a l

record s.

a tta c h e d

P e rfo r m s

Q u o tin g

th e

ite m s

m in e

M ay

or

O R D ER

fo llo w in g :
of

r o u tin e

c la s s ifie d ,

file s .

R e c e iv e s
m a il,

P e rfo r m s

been

d e v ic e

h o le s

or
on

d u p lic a tin g
has

of

and

O P E R A T O R

resp on ­
O p e ra tes

h a n d w r itte n

n ecessary
c y lin d e r

M ay

keep

and

s ta p le

ad­

D u tie s

sp eed .

c a lls .

file

m a tio n

of

com ­

F or

in v o lv e
M ay
to

record

p erson s

w orkers

r e c e p tio n is t.

a

s in g le -

h a n d lin g
to ll

w ho

w ho a ls o

o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n

in c o m in g ,
c a lls

c a ll

and

in ,

act as

or

o u tg o in g ,
ta k e

t e le p h o n e

and

m e ssa g e s.

o c c a s io n a lly

r e c e p tio n is ts

see

s w itc h b o a r d .

in tr a p la n t

ta k e

M ay

or

g iv e

t e le p h o n e

s w itc h b o a r d

o ffic e
in fo r ­

o rd ers.

o p e ra to r-

19

S W IT C H B O A R D

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T

In a d d i t io n
tio n

or

ty p e

to p e r f o r m in g

m o n it o r -t y p e

or

p e r fo r m

T h is

ty p in g

tim e

or

w h ile

at

d u tie s

s w itc h b o a r d ,

r o u tin e

c le r ic a l

c le r ic a l w o rk m a y

of

a c ts

o p e ra to r,

as

w ork

ta k e

T R A N S C R IB I N G -M A C H IN E

as

th e

on a

r e c e p tio n is t
part

m a jo r

of

s in g le

and

r e g u la r

part of

p o s i­

m ay

th is

a ls o

in c lu d e d .
or

A

s im ila r

w ork er

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H IN E
O p era tes

O P E R A T O R

s im p le

or

on

o p e ra te

in

th a t

M ay

a u to m a tic a lly

groups

of

fo r m s

or

w ir in g

of

p lu g b o a r d s

p la c e s

M ay

file

a u x ilia r y

cards

to b e

cards

card s

record s;

se ts

a c c o r d in g

ta b u la te d

a fte r

a n a ly z e s

ta b u la tin g

a c c o u n tin g

d ia g r a m s;

m a c h in e .

m a c h in e

punched

does

th e y

are

and

or

to

and

tr a n s la t e s

p r in ts

a d ju s ts

m a g a z in e

ta b u la te d .

w ork

in c o m in g
A

m a t e r i a l in

sta rts

in g

a d d itio n ,

fr o m

and

-

P r im a r y

s c r ib in g
la r y

d u ty

w r itte n

d ic ta tio n

su ch

as

G E N E R A L

is

to

fro m
copy

and

do

in v o lv in g

le g a l

tr a n s c r ib e

d ic ta tio n

tr a n s c r ib in g

b r ie fs

a

or

m a c h in e

s im p le

v a r ie d

c le r ic a l

te c h n ic a l

re p o rts

on

in v o lv in g
record s.

w ork .
or

a

D R A F T S M A N ,

W orkers

u se

of

la y o u t

research

a ls o

p o se s.
pare
under

to
fo r

U ses

fro m

d ir e c tio n

u n its

o r p a rts

ty p e s

s im p le

of a

of

of

d r a w in g s

c o n s tr u c tio n ,
d r a ftin g

p la n s

or

to o ls

p rep ared

or
as

sk e tc h e s,

o r p e rfo r m

a n d

by

lim in a r y

M ay
o th e r

p u r­

and

a

fo r

D u tie s

in v o lv e

p roced u res;
p e r fo r m in g

sk e tc h e s,
a s s ig n in g
m ore




and

e n g in e e r in g ,

and

a

d iffic u lt

to

or

one

of

m ore
fr o m

th e

or

M ay

and

d r a fts m e n
rou gh

in

p re ­

In te r p r e tin g

d e te r m in in g

in s p e c tin g

a s s is t

or

m a n u fa c tu r in g

fo llo w in g :

verbal ord ers;

s u b o r d in a te s

p r o b le m s .

or

d r a w in g s

c o n s tr u c tio n ,

c o m b in a tio n

w r itte n

d u tie s

of

d e ta il

th e ir

s u b o r d in a te s

in

or

by

m a te r ia l
a n o th e r

tr a in in g ,

re p o rts

m ore

of

rou gh

or

and

copy
and

in

th e

su ch

or

to

person .
as

s o r tin g

keep­

and

u n u su al

th e re

w ord s

fro m

s ta tis tic a l

d is ­

fo rm

is

to

fr e q u e n t
fo r e ig n -

sou rces,

or

m a in ta in

fr o m

le tte r s ,

copy­

a

fro m

or

ta b le s

T y p in g

d r a fts

several

ty p in g t a b le s

r o u tin e

fo llo w in g :

in v o lv e d

w h ic h

m a te r ia l

s p a c in g ;

ty p e

P e r fo r m s
c le a r

one

or

e t c .;

c o m p le x

D E A D E R
or

D R A F T SM A N ,

or

m ore

ty p e d

of

rou gh

v a r y in g

u n i­

d r a f t in

d e ta ils

to

th e

fo llo w in g :

T y p in g

r o u tin e

d r a fts ;

s e ttin g u p

ta b le s

as

a

or

-

ty p in g

fo rm s,

s im p le

a lr e a d y

set

sta n d a rd
up

and

of

ta b u la tio n s ,

sp aced

or

p r o p e r ly .

C o n tin u e d

r e g u la r

a s s ig n m e n t,

a d m in is tr a tiv e

or

p e r fo r m

r e la te d

d u tie s

n a tu re .

S E N IO R

P rep ares
rough

a c tiv itie s

p la n s

s p e c ia l
and

c o m p lic a te d

p o lic ie s ,

s u p e r v is o r y

w o r k in g

d e ta ile d

sk e tc h e s

or

p u rp oses.

P r e p a r in g

d ir e c ts

v a r io u s

m ade

T e c h n i c a l

d u tie s

L E A D E R

o f w o r k in g

b lu e p r in ts ,

ste n o ty p e

p re ­

d r a fts m a n .

sk e tch e s

p u rp oses.

by

g e n e r a l.

d r a fts ­

to
P la n s

of

-

c o p y in g m o r e

not

fa c tu r in g
D R A F T S M A N ,

B

in s u r a n c e

m a n u fa c tu r in g
r e q u ir e d .

of

been

very

te c h n ic a l

M ay

are

e m e r g e n c ie s

e n g in e e r in g ,

one

fro m

c o m b in in g

r e la tiv e ly

D R A F T SM A N ,

s c a le

v a r io u s

d r a w in g s

p r e p a r a tio n

or

c ir c u m s ta n c e s .

fro m

of
D raw s

c o p ie s

little

co rre cte d

b a la n c e

vocabu­

d r a fts m a n )

o th e rs

and

fo r m .

C la s s

tra n ­

J U N IO R

(A s s is ta n t

or

sh o rth a n d

n orm al

M ay

s p e c ia liz e d

s c ie n tific

fo r m

or

copy;

fin a l

P r o f e s s i o n a l

m an

in

ste n o g ra p h e r,

have

records

P e r fo r m s

fin a l

v a r ie d

s u it
v o c a b u la r y

m ake

in v o lv in g
filin g

p la in

fo r m ity

fro m

a

m a il.

la n g u a g e

O P E R A T O R ,

to

c a lc u la tio n s

record s,

C la s s

p r a c tic e

in

ty p e w r ite r
a fte r

c le r ic a l

tr ib u tin g

m a c h in e s .

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E

ty p e

as

tra n s­

and

M ay,

do

a

b ills

s im p le

m a c h in e ;

e s ta b lis h e d

in f e e d

out

p la n n in g

r o u tin e

d ic ta tio n

C o n tin u e d

T Y P IS T

in g

d a ta

ta k e s

c la s s ifie d

-

s w itc h b o a r d .
U ses

la te d

is

G EN ER AL.

d u tie s .

w o r k e r ’s

m ake

in fo r m a tio n

w ho

m a c h in e

O P E R A T O R ,

w ork
w ork ;
d u r in g

s c a le

tio n s

su ch

tru sse s;

u se
as

of

be

or

changes

u sed ,

on

p e n c il

and
in

a r c h ite c tu r a l,

or

e le c tr ic a l,

a

is

in

w r itin g

m ap s,

m a k in g

stre n g th

w ork ,

d r a w in g s

of

c h e c k in g

of

th e

n o te s,
m anu­

fo llo w in g :

e n g in e e r in g
m a te r ia ls ,
m a k in g
in

fr e q u e n tly

in

a

s p e c ia liz e d

m e c h a n ic a l,

or

stru ctu ra l

and

m a te r ia ls

a d ju s tm e n ts

lin e s

c o m p le te

e t c .,

c o m p u ta ­

beam s

d im e n s io n s ,

M a y in k

u n its

of

or

c r o s s -s e c tio n s ,

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

d e ta il

fro m

c o n s tr u c tio n ,

c o m b in a tio n

s p e c ific a tio n s .

p repare

W ork

d e ta il

in s tr u m e n ts ;

in v o lv e d

q u a n titie s ;

d r a w in g s ,

d r a w in g s .

in v o lv e

c o m p le te d

d r a w in g s

and

e n g in e e r in g ,

d e ta il d r a w in g s ,

d r a ftin g

th o se

v e r ify in g

to

tra ce

D u tie s

w o r k in g p la n s ,

by

p la n s
fo r

and

le tte r s

d r a w in g s ,

or

fie ld

as

d r a ftin g .

su ch

20
N U R SE,

IN D U S T R IA L
A

r e g is te r e d

e m p lo y e e s
th e

or

o th e r

p r e m is e s

c o m b in a tio n

of
of

a

(R E G IS T E R E D )
n u rse

w ho

p erson s
fa c to r y

th e

or

of

tre a te d ;

of

a p p lic a n ts

in v o lv in g

p r e p a r in g

e m p lo y e e s ;

h e a lth

e d u c a tio n ,

to

su ffe r

fir s t

a id

a c c id e n t

and

re p o rts

p la n n in g

a c c id e n t

and

th e

fo r

in ju r e d

ill

c r ib s ,
and

in

good

co u n ters,

trim

m ade

th e fo llo w in g :
in g s ,

m a k in g

in

an

and

out

m a te r ia ls

out

to o ls ,

of

and

of

n ecessary
a

tr a c in g
U ses

c lo th

a n d

fo r

u s in g

th e

fr o m
a

in v o lv e s

v a r ie ty

of

m e a s u r in g
g e n e r a l,

tr a in in g
or

of

d raw ­

in s tr u m e n ts ;

d im e n s io n s

fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip

m ost

c a r p e n t e r 's

In

w ork .

c a s in g s ,

of

th e

and

w ork ;

w ork

of

e x p e r ie n c e

e q u iv a le n t

p ly

th e

tio n ,

or

to rs,
and

in s ta lla tio n ,

m a in te n a n c e ,

d is tr ib u tin g ,
W ork
a

or

in v o lv e s

v a r ie ty

of

m ost

n o s in g

e q u ip m e n t;
and

te s tin g

e le c tr ic ia n
q u ir e d

or

d r a w in g s ,
tr o u b le

c o m p u ta tio n s

th e

in

o th e r

a

to

r e q u ir e s
a

or
lo a d
of
In

rou n ded

fo rm a l

e x p e r ie n c e .




su ch

o th e r

fu n c tio n s

e q u ip m e n t
en ergy
In s ta llin g
as

fo r

in
or

r e q u ir e m e n ts
e l e c t r i c i a n 's
g e n e r a l,

r e p a ir in g

a ir

th e

tr a in in g

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

of

w ir in g

tio n .
in

of

and
or

th e

and

s im p le

by

o th e rs,

tr a c in g

d r a ftin g

w ith

by

pen

to o ls .

p la c in g

or

M ay

p e n c il.
p repare

le tte r in g .

and

M ay

in

w h ic h

a ls o

and

a ir

m a k in g

m a c h in e r y ,

s u p e r v is e

th e se

e m p lo y in g

pow er,

h ea t,

O p e r a tin g

e q u ip m e n t

o p e r a tio n s .
th a n

o p e r a tio n

and

to

su p­

r e fr ig e r a ­
m a in ta in in g

g e n e ra to rs,

e q u ip m e n t,

ste a m

r e p a ir s ;

te m p e ra tu re ,

m ore

th e

e le c tr ic a l)

co m p re sso rs,

r e fr ig e r a tin g

p u m p s;
of

s u p e r v is e

w ith

in v o lv e s ;

e n g in e s ,

v e n t ila t in g

a ls o

(m e c h a n ic a l o r

e m p lo y e d

W ork

ste a m

w a te r

and m a y

e q u ip m e n t

m o ­

b o ile r s

k e e p in g

a

and

fu e l

con su m p ­

or

c h ie f

e n g in e e r s

H ead

o n e ~ e n g in e e r

are

e x c lu d e d ".

S T A T IO N A R Y

h ea t,

a

sa fe ty

room

s ta tio n a ry b o ile r s

w ith

o p e ra te s

B O IL E R

pow er,

m e c h a n ic a l

v a lv e s .

to f u r n is h

or

ste a m .

sto k e r,

M ay

c le a n ,

gas,
o il,

th e

e s t a b l i s h m e n t in

F eeds
or

or

o il

fu e ls

to

bu rn er;

a ssist

in

fir e

w h ic h

by

checks

r e p a ir in g

hand
w a te r

b o ile r -

e q u ip m e n t.

H E L P E R ,

TR A D E S,

M A IN T E N A N C E

of

u n its ,

fr o m

b lu e ­

and

d ia g ­

sta n d a rd

or

e le c tr ic a l

and

m e a su r in g

A s s is ts
tra d e s,
as

by

k e e p in g

in g

a

area,

te r ia ls

to o ls ;
The

tra d e

u s u a lly

a c ­

area s;

e q u iv a le n t

tr a in in g

and

o p e r a tio n s ,
on

a

or

w orker

to

liftin g ,
and

in
or

fu ll-tim e

m ore

s p e c ific

su p p lie d

m a c h in e ,

or

neym an.
fr o m

one

p e r fo r m in g

e x p e r ie n c e

th e

as

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

p ly in g ,

of

and

o th e r

an d m a in ta in s

o p e r a tio n

m a in te n a n c e

w ork

p rep ared

d r a w in g
and

c o n d itio n in g .

su ch

b o ile r -fe d

tr a n sfo r m e r s,

w o r k in g

h a n d to o ls

any

h e a tin g

lo c a t in g

e q u ip m e n t;

w e lfa r e ,

g e n e r a tin g ,

e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g
or

as

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

m o to rs,

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

sy ste m

su ch

th e

an

g e n e ra to rs,

b reak ers,

tr a n s m is s io n

v a r ie ty

in s tr u m e n ts .

th ro u g h

fo llo w in g :

e le c tr ic a l

r e la tin g

u sin g

of

e le c tr ic

c ir c u it

la y o u t,
th e

r e p a ir
of

e q u ip m e n t

c o n tr o lle r s ,

c o n d u it s y s t e m s ,
p r in ts,

of

e le c tr ic a l

s w itc h b o a r d s ,

or

u tiliz a tio n

tra d e

do

e n g in e s

tu r b in e s,

record

or
e le c tr ic a l

and

e s ta b lis h m e n t

e q u ip m e n t

and
of

h e a lth ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

s ta tio n a r y

e m p lo y e d

M A IN T E N A N C E

v a r ie ty

d r a w in g s

over

com p ass,

O p era tes
of

F IR E M A N ,

a

th e

P o w e r p l a n t

F ir e s

P e r fo r m s

a ffe c tin g

tr a in ­

e x p e r ie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

and

paper

d r a w in g s

and
b in s ,

b lu e p r in ts ,

to

rou n ded

as

p la n s

or

T -s q u a r e ,

s im p le

p la n t

c o n stru c t

s ta ir s ,

W ork

w ork

r e la tin g

r e q u ir e s

to

e q u ip m e n t s u c h

flo o r s ,

sta n d a rd

c o m p u ta tio n s

th r o u g h

doors,

in s tr u c tio n s ;

ca rp en ter

C o p ie s

or

program s

e v a lu a tio n

n ecessary

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

la y in g

pow er

sh op

d u tie s

a c tiv itie s

T R A C E R

h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s

c a r r y in g

w ood w ork and

p a r titio n s ,

verbal

p o r ta b le

a c q u ir e d

and

w ood

or

m a in te n a n c e

u s u a lly
in g

of

sta n d a rd

s e le c tin g
th e

ca rp en try

o th e r

C o n tin u e d

p e r s o n n e l.

E N G IN E E R ,

b u ild in g

ben ch es,

P la n n in g

m o d e ls ,

h a n d to o ls ,

th e

r e p a ir

or

a ll

-

k e e p in g r e c o r d s

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e rfo r m s
m a in ta in

of

(R E G IS T E R E D )

a

in ju r e d "* "

M a i n t e n a n c e

C A R P E N T E R ,

IN D U S T R IA L

e n v ir o n m e n t,
sa fe ty

on

in v o lv e

or

c o m p e n sa tio n

and

p r e v e n tio n ,

or

a c c id e n t

D u tie s

to

e x a m in a tio n s

ill
an

o f e m p lo y e e s 1 in ju r ie s ;

c o n d u c tin g p h y s ic a l

and

s e r v ic e

ill o r

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

G iv in g

su b seq u en t d r e s s in g

p a tie n ts

n u r s in g

becom e

o th e r

fo llo w in g :

a tte n d in g to

o th e r p u r p o s e s ;

g iv e s

w ho

N U R SE ,

and
of

tra d e :
and

w ork

p a rts
b a s is .

he
of

o th e r

to o ls ;

tra d es

m a te r ia ls
p e r m itte d
th a t

and

a s s is tin g

u n s k ille d

h e lp e r

tra d e

s k ille d

m a te r ia ls

th e

is
a

th e

of

som e

In

h o ld in g

o th e rs

w ith

in

g e n e r a l d u tie s

e q u ip m e n t;

p e r fo r m in g

k in d

w orkers
or

is
and
to
are

w orker

ta sk s

as

p e r m itte d

th e

h e lp e r

m a in te n a n c e
s k ill,

by

h o ld in g

d ir e c te d
to

p e rfo r m

su ch

c le a n in g w o r k ­
by

p e rfo r m

is

c o n fin e d

and

to o ls
a ls o

le s s e r

c le a n in g

s p e c ia liz e d

p e rfo r m e d

by

m a ­
jo u r ­

v a r ie s
to

su p ­

w o r k in g
m a c h in e
w orkers

21
M A C H IN E - T O O L

O P E R A T O R ,

S p e c ia liz e s
to o ls ,

such

la th e s ,

or

gau ges,

jig s ,

sp eed s,

to o lin g
d u r in g

of

o p e r a tio n

be

r e q u ir e d

and

to

s e le c t

to

prop er

d ie

to

or

a

m ost

and

of

degree

m a k in g

sh o p s

are

to o ls ,

fo llo w in g :

R e p a ir s
m en t.
and
or

W ork

p a r tly
th e

accu racy;

broken

or

of

fe e d s,

n ecessary

a d ju s t­

m a c h in e

a

d im e n s io n s .

s p e c ific a tio n s

to

d ress

to o ls ,

fro m

o ils .

F or

lu b r ic a tin g

e x c lu d e d

fro m

th is

to o lr o o m ,

c la s s ific a tio n .

a d ju s tm e n ts

to

a

m a c h in e s

p a rts

fo r

sh op

r e p a ir s

or

r e a s s e m b lin g

o p e r a tio n .

In

th r o u g h
in v o lv e

fro m

th is

s e ttin g

up

a

th e

th e

m a in ly

r e p la c in g

o r d e r in g
s e n d in g

p r e p a r in g
of

w ork

p a rts

of

e x p e r ie n c e

a

of

w r itte n
ord ered

m a in te n a n c e

and

w h ose

th e

a ll n e c e s s a r y

u s u a lly

tr a in in g

w orkers

th a t

or

a n d m a k in g

e q u iv a le n t
are

sh op

r e p a ir s ;

m a c h in e s

p a rts;

p r o d u c tio n

and

e s ta b lis h ­
d is m a n tlin g

sto c k ;

m a c h in e

m a jo r
fo r

or

fittin g

o b ta in e d fr o m

tr a in in g

a d ju s tin g

r e p a ir s

and

m a c h in e s ;

c la s s ific a tio n
or

tr o u b le ;

g e n e r a l,

fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip

a

rou n d ed

an

of

by

fo r

of

E x a m in in g

p e r fo r m in g

ite m s

r e q u ir e s

sou rce

s c r a p in g

part

m e c h a n ic

e q u ip m e n t

fo llo w in g :

and

in

w ith

m a c h in e

sh op ;

th e

d ia g n o s e

h a n d to o ls

fo r m a jo r

m a c h in e

of

r e p la c e m e n t

to

or

E x c lu d e d

M A C H IN IS T ,

of

d r e s s in g ,

and

of

d e fe c tiv e

p r o d u c tio n
th e

e q u ip m e n t

u se

o r m e c h a n ic a l

m ost

d is m a n tlin g

in v o lv e

s e le c tin g

m a c h in e r y

in v o lv e s

m e c h a n ic a l

p r o c e s s in g

stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r s ,

jo b b in g

e n g in e

M A IN T E N A N C E

to le r a n c e s

need

c u ttin g

th e

o p e r a tio n s ;

h ig h

r e q u is ite

w h e n to o ls

o f m a c h in e

g r in d e r s ,

in s tr u m e n ts ;

seq u en ce;

a c h ie v e

ty p e s

o f m a c h in e -s h o p

in v o lv e s

se tu p s

c o o la n ts

m ore

su r fa c e

m a c h in in g

m e a su r in g

r e c o g n iz e

c r o s s -in d u s tr y w age
and

W ork

o p e r a tio n

or

or

c o n s tr u c tio n

d iffic u lt

p r e c is io n

and

M ay

to o l

d ie s .

c o m p lic a te d

v a r ie ty

in

or

in th e

M E C H A N IC ,

o f one

c y lin d r ic a l

m a c h in e s

p e r fo r m in g

a

m en ts

o p e r a tio n

b o re rs,

fix tu r e s ,

and

r e q u ir in g

u s in g

in th e

jig

m illin g

P la n n in g
ite m s

as

TO O LR O O M

a c q u ir e d

e x p e r ie n c e .

p r im a r y

d u tie s

m a c h in e s .

M A IN T E N A N C E
M IL L W R IG H T

P rodu ces
of

m eta l

W ork

p a rts

in v o lv e s

tio n s

and

r ie ty

of

in g

up
to

to

m ost

and

c lo s e

o f th e

of

p a rts

w r itte n

to o ls ;

fe e d s
o f th e

m e c h a n ic a l
re q u ir e s

th r o u g h

a

out a re

out o f
a

m a c h in e s

or

r e q u ir e d .

la y in g
u sin g

new

m a c h in e s

heavy

W ork

th e

w ork ;

v a r ie ty

of

m eta l

p u ta tio n s

r e la t­

g r a v ity ; a lin in g

and

e q u ip m e n t,

p a rts

sp eed s

of

m a c h in in g ;

m e ta ls ;

fo r

h is

w ork;

In

fittin g

order

and

pow er

in v o lv e s

to

and

stre sse s,
to

be

r ig g in g ;

of

u sed ;

th e

tr a in in g

and

tic e s h ip

or

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

e x p e r ie n c e

in th e

tra d e

tr a in in g

or

o th e r

and
as

and

com ­

c e n te rs

sta n d a rd

m a in ta in in g
and

of

to o ls ,

in

good

sp eed

re q u ir e s

a c q u ir e d th r o u g h

and

sh op

and

d r iv e s

n o r m a lly

la y ­

P la n n in g

sta n d a rd

s e le c tin g

and

p la n t

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

m a te r ia ls ,

su ch

w ork

in th e

fo llo w in g :

m a k in g
of

in s ta llin g

e q u ip m e n t

In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t ^
e q u iv a le n t

th e

e q u ip m e n t;

m a c h in e -

in

of

an d d is m a n tle s

changes

b lu e p r in ts

stre n g th

b a la n c in g

tr a n s m is s io n

e q u ip m e n t

m ost

in te r p r e tin g

d u cers.

g e n e r a l,

tr a in in g

fo r m a l

s e le c tin g

r e la tin g

or heavy

e q u ip m e n t w h e n

h a n d to o ls

of

com m on

rou n ded

va ­

in s tr u m e n ts ;

s h a p in g

e q u ip m e n t.

a

a

In s ta lls
in s ta lls

c o m p u ta tio n s

sh op
and

in s tr u c ­

u s in g

m e a s u r in g

m a c h in e
sta n d a rd

r e p a ir s

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

out o f w o rk ;

a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d

a c q u ir e d

m a k in g

an

In te r p r e tin g
la y in g

to o lin g ,

in to

and

in

in

p r e c is io n

p r o p e r tie s

p a rts,

u s u a lly

and

m a k in g

n o r m a lly

tr a in in g

and

sta n d a rd

w ork,

p a rts

w ork

p r a c tic e

e q u iv a le n t

h a n d to o ls

w o r k in g

a s s e m b lin g

m a c h in is t^

and new

fo llo w in g :

p la n n in g

to le r a n c e s ;

sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls ,

sh op

th e

o p e r a tin g

d im e n s io n s

k n o w le d g e
and

of

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

m a c h in is ts

s e ttin g
p a rts

r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts

o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a te d

re ­

a ro u n d ed

a fo rm a l

appren­

p a rts

w e a r in g

e x p e r ie n c e .

or

e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r ic a te s ,

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E

R e p a ir s
an

e q u ip m e n t
to o ls

as

sto c k ;

e q u ip m e n t

w ren ch es,
or

g r in d in g

v a r io u s
a lin in g

and

to

w h e e ls ,
th e

d r ills ,

v e h ic le
b rak es

w ork

th e

and

s h ip

e q u iv a le n t

e x p e r ie n c e

of

and

and

of

tr o u b le ;
th e

or

lig h t s ,

a c q u ir e d

tra c to rs

of

or

th r o u g h

hand-

in

p a rts

d is ­
fro m

in s ta llin g

tig h te n in g
a

su ch

e q u ip m e n t
and

of

of

P A IN T E R ,

w ith

m e c h a n ic a l

o il o r

g rea se,

e q u ip m e n t

of

th e

an

m o v in g

or

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

M A IN T E N A N C E

E x a m in in g

d is a s s e m b lin g

n ecessary

m e c h a n ic

e x p e r ie n c e .

u se

d e fe c tiv e

r e a s s e m b lin g
m a k in g

and

fo llo w in g :

s p e c ia liz e d
b rok en

a u to m o tiv e

u s u a lly

tr a in in g

and

th e

in v o lv e

or

v a lv e s ;

a d ju s tin g

tr a in in g




th e

th a t

r e p la c in g

a d ju s tin g

of

sou rce

r e p a ir s

s u r fa c e s

m o to rtru c k s,

m ost

d ia g n o s e

p a rts;

in

bu ses,

in v o lv e s

gau ges,

fittin g

a s s e m b lie s

g e n e r a l,
or

W ork

an d p e r fo r m in g

a s s e m b lin g

In

a u to m o b ile s ,

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

a u to m o tiv e

(M A IN T E N A N C E )

th e

a d ju s tm e n ts ;
body

r e q u ir e s

b o lts .

rounded

fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e ­

P a in ts

and

e s ta b lis h m e n t.
p e c u lia r itie s
p r e p a r in g
p u tty
gun

or
or
of

p e r ie n c e
le n t

in

b ru sh .

in g r e d ie n ts
w ork

and

th e

to

fo r
n a il

M ay
o b ta in

of
h o le s

m ix

and

w oodw ork,

fo llo w in g :

r e q u ir e d
by

fo r

re m o v in g

and in te r s tic e s ;
c o lo r s ,

p rop er

a c q u ir e d

w a lls ,
th e

p a in t

p a in tin g

m a in te n a n c e

u s u a lly

tr a in in g

in v o lv e s

ty p e s

su r fa c e

fille r

re d e c o ra te s

W ork

c o lo r

p a in te r
th r o u g h

e x p e r ie n c e .

o ils ,
or

fix tu r e s

d iffe r e n t
o ld

fin is h

a p p ly in g

w h ite

le a d ,

c o n siste n c y .

r e q u ir e s
a

and

K n o w le d g e

rounded

of

an

a p p lic a tio n s ;
or

by

p la c in g

p a in t w ith
and
In

of

su rfa c e

sp ray

o th e r

p a in t

g e n e r a l,

tr a in in g

fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip

or

and

th e
ex­

e q u iv a ­

22
P IP E F IT T E R ,

I n s ta lls
and
fro m
of

or

p ip e fittin g s

lo w in g :

L a y in g

p ip e

to

or

r e p a ir s

in

an

out

d r a w in g s

to rch

or

of

p ip e

by

w ith

sh o p

c o u p lin g s

and

In

rou n d ed

h e a tin g

to

to

or

in

are

to

p ip e

ham m er

in s ta llin g

of

s iz e s
d ie s ;

a s s e m b lin g
sta n d a rd

s iz e

p ip e

of

p ip e s

a c q u ir e d

b u ild in g

and

la y in g

p r in ts ,

out

b lin g ;

in

of

b e n d in g ,

s h e e t-m e ta l

e x p e r ie n c e

th r o u g h

T O O L

A N D

a

D IE

jig

m aker;

s a n ita tio n

or

C o n stru c ts
or

d ie s

fo r

and

r e p a ir s

in v o lv e s

m ost

m o d e ls ,

b lu e p r in ts ,

c a tio n s;
W ork

in v o lv e s :

v e n ts

and

tra p s

fix tu r e s ;
In

g e n e r a l,
or

of

in p lu m b i n g

o p e n in g
th e

tr a in in g an d
s h ip

K n o w le d g e
c lo g g e d
w ork

of

e x p e r ie n c e

e q u iv a le n t

s a n ita r y

sy ste m ;

d r a in s
th e

codes

and

re g a r d in g

in s ta llin g

w ith

a

a c q u ir e d

or

p lu n g e r

m a in te n a n c e

u s u a lly

tr a in in g

e s t a b l i s h m e n t in

good

p ip e s

p lu m b e r !s

p lu m b e r

ord er.

in s ta lla tio n

r e p a ir in g
or

r e q u ir e s

of

and

sn ake.
rou n d ed

th r o u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e ­

e x p e r ie n c e .

com m on
and
to

m e ta ls

r e la te d

tr e a tin g

W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

m eta l

e q u ip m e n t

s h e lv e s ,
of

an

in s ta lls ,

and

lo c k e r s ,

an d m a in ta in s

fix tu r e s

ta n k s,

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

(s u c h

as

v e n tila to r s ,

W ork

in v o lv e s

in

good

m a c h in e

m ost

of

r e p a ir

gu ard s,

ch u te s,

d u c ts,
th e

th e

grease

m eta l

fo llo w in g :

C u s t o d i a l

E L E V A T O R

O P E R A T O R ,

T ra n sp o rts
a p a rtm en t

h ou se,

W ork ers

w ho

p assen gers

as

of sta rte rs

th o se

o p e ra te

sh e e t-

and

e le v a to r s

an d ja n ito r s

in

flo o r s

h o te l

or

c o n ju n c tio n

are

of

an

s im ila r
w ith

P la n n in g

F or
in

b u ild in g ,

to o l

and

of

and

d ie

to u r ,
c lu d e s

m a in ta in in g
g a te m e n

e m p lo y e e s

and

ord er,
w ho

o th e r

are

u sin g

p erson s




arm s

s ta tio n e d

at

e n te r in g .

or

fo r c e

g a te

and

fix e d

w h ere
check

d u tie s

m aker)

p ost

of

and

la y in g

p r e sc r ib e d

p r a c tic e

p r o p e r tie s
m a c h in e

and
a

u s u a lly
and

of

to o ls

r e la tin g

fin is h e d

c lo s e

to o ls

to le r a n c e s ;

to le r a n c e s

r e q u ir e s

e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g

of

to

to o ls ,

w ork

s p e c ifi­

o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t-

w e ll a s

w o r k in g

w ork

out of

c o m p u ta tio n s

to o lin g

as

of

fix ­

w ork .

and p r e c is io n

w o r k in g

sh op

m a te r ia ls ,

to o lr o o m
or

and

o p e r a tin g

and

jig s ,

o r a l a n d w r itte n

th e

and

q u a litie s ;
to

gau ges,

m e t a l-fo r m in g

and

a llo w ­

p ro ce sse s.
rou n d ed

a c q u ir e d

In

tr a in in g

th ro u g h

a

e x p e r ie n c e .

jo b b in g

w age

sh ops

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

are

e x c lu d e d

to o l and

fro m

th is

d ie

m ak ers

c la s s ific a tio n .

P O R T E R ,

OR

C L E A N E R

charw om an;

ja n itr e s s )

su ch

or

n ecessary .
on

gauge

m a k e r 1s h a n d t o o l s

up

m a k e r’s

and

and

keeps

w ash room s,

c o m m e r c ia l

or

id e n tity

on
In of

in

or

o th e r

S w e e p in g ,

r e m o v in g

tra sh ,

or
and

c h ip s ,

fix tu r e s ;
m in o r

re stro o m s.

W ork ers

o r d e r ly

m o p p in g

and

o th e r

p o lis h in g m e t a l
m a in te n a n c e

an

p r e m is e s

of

an

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

o f th e f o llo w i n g :
at

o th e r

fe e d s ,

p a rts

c r o s s -in d u s tr y
d ie

C le a n s

e ith e r

or

M o v e m e n t

e x c lu d e d .

d u tie s,

th e

tr a in in g

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

to o ls ,

P la n n in g
or

d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n

a p p r o p ria te

to o l

(S w e e p e r;

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

or
p o lic e

g e n e r a l,

rou n ded

m ak er;

o th e r

n ecessa ry

sp eed s,

re q u ir e d

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

M a t e r i a l

G U AR D

r o u tin e

s e ttin g

m a k in g

a s s e m b lin g

m a c h in e -s h o p

fo r m a l

areas

P e r fo r m s

of

a sse m ­

p an s,

a n d

o ffic e

o th e r

a ll

v a r ie ty

and

In

fo rm a l

fix tu r e

u n d e r s ta n d in g

w ork ,

a c h ie v e

th e

J A N IT O R ,

b e tw e e n

sto re ,

of

s e le c tin g

r o o fin g )

P A SSE N G E R

d e p a rtm e n t

a

and

fo llo w in g :
d r a w in g s ,

and a llo y s ;

m e ta l p a rts

to

g e n e r a l,
in

F a b r ic a te s ,

fittin g ,

r e q u ir e s

m a c h in e -s h o p

p u n c h in g

o f to o l a n d d ie

e q u ip m e n t;

of

d ie s

fittin g

th e

in s tr u m e n ts ;

d im e n s io n s

and

of

u s in g a v a r ie ty

m e a s u r in g

an ces;
S H E E T -M E T A L

to o lm a k e r ;

fo r g in g s ,

fro m
of an

th ro u g h

a

M A K E R

(D ie m a k e r ;

tu re s

sy ste m

u s in g

r e q u ir e d .

b lu e ­

W orkers

e x c lu d e d .

th e p lu m b in g

as

fro m

o p e r a tin g

re ­
m eet

M A IN T E N A N C E

K eeps

s h a p in g ,

and

e x p e r ie n c e .

W ork
P L U M B E R ,

a r tic le s

w ork

up

m a c h in e s ;

fo r m in g ,

a c q u ir e d

and

C o n tin u e d

se ttin g

s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r

u s u a lly

tr a in in g

-

s h e e t -m e t a l m a in te n a n c e

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

s h e e t -m e t a l-w o r k in g

th e m a in te n a n c e

e q u iv a le n t

M A IN T E N A N C E

of

o th e r

c u ttin g ,

in s ta llin g
of

ty p e s

or

ty p e s

h a n d to o ls

and

a il

m o d e ls ,

a v a ila b le

w ork

W O R K E R ,

p ip e fitte r

e x p e r ie n c e .

r e p a ir in g

p ip e

and

m a in te n a n c e

and

of

m a k in g

and

u s u a lly

fo l­

o x y a c e ty le n e

sto c k s

m a c h in e s ;

th e

tr a in in g

and

or

w ith

flo w ,

o f p ip e
th e

v a r io u s

w h e th e r fin is h e d

e x p e r ie n c e

e q u iv a le n t

of

p o s itio n

h an gers;

d e te r m in e

ty p e s

m ost

c u ttin g

p ip e

to

w ork

o th e r

lo c a te

p o w e r -d r iv e n

th e

and

or

in v o lv e s

and

p re ssu re s,

te sts

tr a in in g

engaged

sy ste m s

or

g e n e r a l,

fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip
p r im a r ily

c h is e l

th r e a d in g

fa ste n in g

r e la tin g

gas,

W ork

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

w ith

m a c h in e ;

sta n d a rd

s p e c ific a tio n s .

ste a m ,

m e a s u r in g

w r itte n

le n g th s

c o m p u ta tio n s

re q u ir e s

and

h a n d -d r iv e n

p ip e

q u ir e d ; m a k in g

w ork

o th e r

correct

w a te r,

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

p ip e -c u ttin g

b e n d in g

S H E E T -M E T A L

M A IN T E N A N C E

or
in

a p a rtm en t

in v o lv e

s c r u b b in g ,
d u s tin g

w o r k in g

flo o r s ;

fu r n itu r e ,

p r o v id in g

w a s h in g

h ou se,

c o m b in a tio n

an d p o lis h in g

la v a to r ie s ,

w in d o w

a

e q u ip m e n t,

tr im m in g s ;

c le a n in g

s p e c ia liz e

fa c to ry

o ffic e ,

D u tie s

re fu se ;

fix tu r e s

se r v ic e s ;

w ho

or

c o n d itio n

s u p p lie s

sh ow ers,
are

and

e x c lu d e d .

23

LABORER,

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r an d s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; t r u c k e r ;
s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e lp e r ; w a r e h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

-

C o n tin u e d

o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s an d r e je c t in g d a m a g e d g o o d s ;
r o u tin g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n ts ; m a in ta in in g
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s an d f i l e s .

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t ,
s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f
th e f o l l o w i n g : L o a d in g a n d u n loa d in g v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s an d m e r c h a n ­
d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ;
u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g m a t e r ia l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r
s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r ia l s o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h an d t r u c k ,
c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d an d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

c l a s s i f i e d a s f o llo w s :

c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
ORDER

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ;

sto ck s e le c t o r ; w arehou se

stock m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m
s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c if i c a t io n s on s a le s s l i p s ,
c u s t o m e r s ’ o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t io n s . M a y , in a d d itio n to f illin g
o r d e r s an d in d ic a t in g it e m s f il l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t­
g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is i t io n a d d itio n a l s t o c k , o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s
to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t e d d u tie s .

PACKER,

D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f
e s t a b lis h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t s , fr e ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e ­
h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e an d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s a n d c u s t o m e r s ’ h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s .
M ay a ls o
lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l
r e p a i r s , an d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r . D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s iz e
a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t , a s f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a te d
on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y . )

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r sh ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g
th e m in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g
d e p e n d e n t u p on th e t y p e , s i z e , an d n u m b e r o f u n its to b e p a c k e d , the
ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , an d m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o r k r e q u ir e s
th e p la c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e on e o r
m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r
t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e type an d s i z e o f c o n t a in e r ;
i n s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to
p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g an d s e a lin g c o n t a in e r ; a p p ly in g
la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g data on c o n t a in e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o
m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (I V 2 to an d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s, tr a ile r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r than t r a i l e r t y p e )

TRUCKER,

O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d
t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s an d m a t e r i a l s o f a ll k in d s a b ou t
a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t , o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
tru ck ,
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s an d is r e ­
s p o n s ib l e f o r in c o m in g s h ip m e n t o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n an d r a t e s ; a n d p r e ­
p a r in g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t ­
in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and k e e p in g a file o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t .
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t in g o t h e r s in v e r if y in g
th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r




POW ER

F o r w age
a s f o llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s

pow er
pow er

are

c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f

(fo r k lift)
(o th e r th an f o r k l i f t )

W ATCHM AN
M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y
a g a in s t f i r e , th e ft, a n d i l l e g a l e n t r y .
U. S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : 1956 O - 377942


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