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Occupational Wage Survey

PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA
N O V EM BER 1955

B L S B u lle tin N o. 1 1 8 8 -4

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
J a m e s P. M itc h e ll, S e cre ta ry




BU
REAU OF LABOR S A IS IC
TT T S
Ewan Clague, Com issioner
m




O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u rv ey
P H IL A D E L P H IA , P E N N S Y L V A N IA
N O V E M B E R 1955

Bulletin No.

1188-4

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F

LA B O R

Jam es

P. M itchell,

S e cre ta ry

BU
REAU OF LABOR S A IST S
T T IC
Ewan Clagua, Com iss>on«r
m

F e b r u a r y 1956
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D C.
.



Price 25 cents




Contents
P ag e
Introduction ------------------------------------------------------------- -----------------------W a g e trends for selected occupational groups _________________________________________________ _____

1
3

Tables:
1:
2:

Establishments and workers within scope of study---------------------------------- -----Indexes of standard Weekly salaries for office clerical and average straight-time
hourly earnings for selected plant occupational groups, and percent of increase

A:

Occupational earnings * ___________
A-l:
Office occupations _________ ___________________________________________ *
A-2:
Professional and technical occupations________ _____________________ _____ -_________
A - 3:
Maintenance and powerplant occupations------ ------------------------------------A-4:
Custodial and material m o v e m e n t occupations ______________________________________

5
9
9
11

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions *
B-l: Shift differential provisions _______________________________________________________
B-2:
M i n i m u m entrance rates for w o m e n office workers ___________________________ _____
B -3: Scheduled weekly h o u r s __ _____________________________________________________ _____
B -4: Paid holidays__-_________________________ ____ -_________________ ___________________
B - 5: Paid vacations____’
________________________________________________________________
B-6:
Health, insurance, and pension plans____________________ ________________________ ...

14
15
16
17
18
20

B:

Appendix:

Job descriptions _____________________________ ________________________ ________________

* N O T E : Similar tabulations for m ost of these items are available in the Philadelphia area re­
ports for M a y 1950, October 1951, October 1952, October 1953, and N o v e m b e r 1954, The 1953
report also provides tabulations of wage structure characteristics, labor-management agreements,
and overtime pay provisions. The 1954 report also includes data on frequency of wage payments,
and pay provisions for holidays falling on nonworkdays. A directory indicating date of study and
the price of the reports, as well as reports for other major areas, is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage practices in the Philadel­
phia area are also available for machinery (December 1955), industrial chemicals (August 1955),
w o m e n ' s and misses* dresses (August 1955), hotels (July 1955), power laundries and dry cleaners
(June 1955), office building service (May 1955), contract cleaning service (June 1955), and cigars
(April 1955).
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available for the following
trades or industries: Building construction, printing, local transit operating employees, and
motortruck drivers.




in

2

21




O c c u p a tio n a l

W

a g e

S u rv e y

-

P h ila d e lp h ia ,

P a .

*

I n tr o d u c tio n
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the stu d y an d n o t the n u m b e r a c tu a lly
s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g e s ­
t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b t a in e d f r o m
the s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e the r e la t iv e
im p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e do n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s d a ta .

T h e P h ila d e lp h ia a r e a is o n e o f s e v e r a l im p o r t a n t in d u s t r ia l
c e n t e r s in w h ic h the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s h as c o n d u c t e d s u r v e y s
o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s an d r e la t e d w ag e b e n e fit s o n an a r e a w id e
b a s i s . In e a c h a r e a , d a ta a r e o b t a in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u
f i e l d a g e n ts to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s tr y
d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m ­
m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ;
f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r in d u s tr y
g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s , b e s id e s r a i l r o a d s , a r e g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a t io n s and the c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts h a v in g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d
a l s o b e c a u s e th e y fu r n is h i n s u f f ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n s
s t u d ie d to w a r r a n t in c l u s i o n . *
1
W h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e , s e p a r a t e ta b u la ­
tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .

E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s

I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d a l s o (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e ­
l e c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y b e n e fit s as th e y r e la t e
to o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s . T h e t e r m " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u s e d in
th is b u lle t in , in c lu d e s a ll o f f i c e c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s an d e x c lu d e s a d ­
m i n is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n ic a l p e r s o n n e l . "P la n t
w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n an d a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s ( in ­
c lu d in g le a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f ic e f u n c t io n s . A d m in is ­
t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n ic a l e m p l o y e e s , and f o r c e a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t io n e m p lo y e e s w ho a r e u t ili z e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k
f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d . C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in
m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r i e s , b u t a r e in c lu d e d as p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n ­
u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d o n a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s , and to in s u r e
p r o m p t p u b li c a t io n o f r e s u l t s . T o o b ta in a p p r o p r ia t e a c c u r a c y at m i n i ­
m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f la r g e than o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s
is s t u d ie d .
In c o m b in in g the d a ta , h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e
g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t. E s t im a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b lis h m e n t s
s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e , as r e la t in g to a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s in
the in d u s t r y g r o u p in g a n d a r e a , 2 e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m
s i z e s t u d ie d .
O c c u p a t io n s

S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B - l ) a r e l im it e d t a m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u s t r ie s . T h is i n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d b o th in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 3 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t ,
an d (b) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d on the b a s i s o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly
e m p lo y e d o n the s p e c i f i e d s h ift at the tim e o f the s u r v e y . In e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t a p p ly in g to a m a jo r it y
w a s u s e d o r , i f n o a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r i t y , the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
" o t h e r " w as u se d .

an d E a r n in g s

T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stud y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f
m a n u fa c t u r in g an d n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s . O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i ­
c a t io n is b a s e d o n a u n if o r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t i o n s d e s ig n e d to take
a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u ties w ith in the s a m e jo b
( s e e a p p e n d ix f o r lis t i n g o f th e s e d e s c r ip t i o n s ) .
E a r n in g s d a ta a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a ­
t io n s : (a) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l; (c ) m a in t e ­
n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t ; an d (d) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t .

M in im u m e n t r a n c e r a t e s (ta b le B - 2 ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d on an e s t a b lis h m e n t , r a th e r
than on an e m p lo y m e n t b a s i s .
S c h e d u le d h o u r s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id
v a c a t i o n s ; an d h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s ­
t i c a l l y on the b a s i s th at th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a lly
q u a lify f o r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d . 4 B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , s u m s o f in d i­
v id u a l it e m s in th e s e ta b u la tio n s do n o t n e c e s s a r i l y e q u a l t o t a ls .

D a ta a r e sh o w n f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to
w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le in the g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x ­
c lu d e d a l s o , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s and in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e i n ­
c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c ­
c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the w o r k s c h e d u le s (r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a lf - h o u r ) f o r w h ic h s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ­
ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a t io n s h av e b e e n ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a lf-d o lla r .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s is l im it e d to f o r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n t s , e x c lu d in g i n f o r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y tim e o f f w ith p a y is g r a n te d
at the d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r .
S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d

3 A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d as h a v in g a p o l i c y i f it m e t
e it h e r o f the fo llo w in g c o n d it io n s : ( l ) O p e r a t e d la te s h ift s a t the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) h ad f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g la te s h ift s .
4 S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s ( f i r s t s e c t i o n o f
ta b le B - 3 ) a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o m e n o f f i c e
w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o f f i c e s w ith the in d ic a t e d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r w o m e n
w ork ers.

* T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e in
N ew Y o r k , N . Y . b y F r e d e r i c k W . M u e ll e r , u n d er the d ir e c t io n o f
P a u l E . W a r w ic k , R e g io n a l W a ge and In d u s tr ia l R e la tio n s .A n a ly s t .
1 S e e ta b le 1 f o r m i n i m u m - s i z e e s t a b lis h m e n t c o v e r e d .
2 T h e ta b u la tio n o f m in im u m e n tr a n c e r a te s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e
w o r k e r s r e la t e s o n ly to p r o v i s i o n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d .




and S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

1

2

a c c o r d i n g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u tin g v a c a t io n p a y m e n t s , s u c h
as tim e p a y m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f an nual e a r n in g s , o r f l a t - s u m a m o u n ts .
H o w e v e r , in the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a t io n a llo w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e ,
p a y m e n ts n o t on a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r t e d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t
o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u iv a le n t o f
1 w e e k ’ s pay.
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
p la n s f o r w h ic h at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r ,
e x c e p t in g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s s u c h as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n and
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y . S u ch p la n s in c lu d e th o s e u n d e r w r it te n b y a c o m m e r c i a l
in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y and th o s e p r o v i d e d th ro u g h a u n ion fu nd o r p a id
d i r e c t l y b y the e m p lo y e r o u t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu n ds o r f r o m a fund
s e t a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e . D ea th b e n e fit s a r e in c lu d e d as a f o r m o f
l i f e in s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim it e d to that ty p e o f i n ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ich p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the in s u r e d o n a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s i s d u rin g ill n e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
I n fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
h ave e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 5* p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r ( l ) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is le g a ll y r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e

w ith b e n e fit s w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w .
T a b u la t io n s
o f p a id s i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l im it e d to f o r m a l p la n s w h ic h p r o v i d e fu ll
p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b eca u se o f illn e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d a c c o r d i n g to
( l ) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and n o w a itin g p e r i o d , and (2 ) p la n s
p r o v id in g e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r i o d .
In a d d itio n to the
p r e s e n t a t io n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d to t a l is
sh ow n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b o th ty p e s o f b e n e fit .
C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to as e x te n d e d
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o s e p la n s w h ic h a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s an d in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d the
n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d i c a l , a n d s u r g i c a l p la n s . M e d ­
i c a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n t
o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . S u ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r it t e n by c o m m e r c i a l i n ­
s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t i o n s o r th e y m a y b e s e l f in s u r e d . T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim it e d to th o s e
p la n s that p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the w o r k e r 's
life .

5 T h e t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lif o r n i a and R h o d e I s la n d
do n o t r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s .

Table 1: Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Philadelphia,
Minimum
Number of establishments
size
establish­
Industry division
Within
ment
scope of
Studied
in scope of
study
study 2
.
322
1,471
A ll divisions________________________________
145
101
756
Manufacturing_______________________________
177
715
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------Transportation (excluding railroads),
101
62
23
communication, and other public utilities4___
51
36
198
Wholesale trade -------------------------------------------101
104
35
Retail trade 5 ____________________________
45
Finance, insurance, and real estate --------------51
169
Services 7 _______________________________
51
182
38

Pa. , 1 by major industry division, November 1955

Total 3
575,000
355,300
219,700
49,300
28,100
72,200
45,400
24,700

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study
Office
Plant
96,600
39,900
56,700
8, 500
7,700
9,200
28,300
3,000

381,200
260,800
120,400
32,400
12,900
55,700
6 2,600
16, 800

Studied
Total 3
329,320
189,360
139, 960
43,390
7, 660
56, 380
24,960
7, 570

1 The Philadelphia Area (Philadelphia and Delaware Counties, Pa. , and Camden County, N. J. ). The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table
provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as
a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment
data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum size limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade,
finance, auto repair service, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
3 Includes executive, technical, professional and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
4 Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation.
5 Excludes lim ited-price variety stores.
6 Estimate relates to real estate establishments only.
7 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and
engineering and architectural services.



3
W age T r e n d s f o r S e le c t e d O c c u p a t io n a l G r o u p s
T a b u la t e d b e lo w a r e in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f w o m e n o f f i c e c l e r i ­
c a l w o r k e r s , an d o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , the in d e x e s r e la t e to a v e r a g e
w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s o f w o r k , that i s , the s ta n d a r d w o r k
s c h e d u le f o r w h ic h s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a r e p a id . F o r p la n t w o r k e r
g r o u p s , the in d e x e s m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
e x c lu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i ­
d a y s , and la te s h if t s .
T h e in d e x e s a r e b a s e d on da ta f o r s e l e c t e d
k e y o c c u p a t io n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o r t a n t jo b s
w ith in e a c h g r o u p . E ig h te e n jo b s w e r e in c lu d e d in the o f f i c e c l e r i c a l
in d e x ; 10 s k i lle d m a in te n a n c e jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d jo b s w e r e in c lu d e d
in the p la n t w o r k e r in d e x e s .
S e e fo o tn o te s to ta b le 2 .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a l a r i e s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e th en m u lt ip lie d b y the a v e r a g e o f 1953 and
1954 e m p lo y m e n t in the j o b .
T h e s e w e ig h te d e a r n in g s f o r in d iv id u a l
o c c u p a t io n s w e r e th en a d d e d to o b ta in an a g g r e g a te f o r e a c h o c c u ­
p a tio n a l g r o u p .
F i n a l l y , th e r a t io o f th e se g ro u p a g g r e g a t e s f o r a
g iv e n y e a r to th e a g g r e g a t e f o r the b a s e y e a r (19 53 ) w as c o m p u t e d
an d the r e s u lt m u lt ip lie d b y th e b a s e y e a r in d e x (100) to g e t the in d e x
f o r the g iv e n y e a r .

T h e in d e x e s m e a s u r e p r in c ip a lly the e f f e c t s o f ( l ) g e n e r a l
s a la r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2) m e r i t o r o th e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e ­
c e i v e d b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e jo b ; and (3) la b o r
tu r n o v e r o r f o r c e e x p a n s io n o r r e d u c t io n .
A fo .r c e e x p a n s io n m ig h t
in c r e a s e the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c if i c o c c u ­
p a tio n and r e s u l t in a d r o p in the in d e x , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the
p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w o u ld h a v e the o p p o s it e e f f e c t . T h e
in d e x e s a r e a l s o a f f e c t e d b y s h ift s in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith d if f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
the m o v e m e n t o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t o u t o f an a r e a c o u ld
c a u s e the in d e x to d r o p , e v e n th ou gh no c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in
o t h e r a r e a e s t a b lis h m e n t s .

T h e u s e o f c o n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s the e ffe c t s
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b i n ­
c lu d e d in the in d e x .
N o r a r e the in d e x e s in flu e n c e d b y ch a n g e s in
s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e , s in c e th ey
a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r s .
In d e x e s f o r the p e r i o d 1952 to 1955 f o r w o r k e r s in 17 m a jo r
la b o r m a r k e t s , a p p e a r e d in BL.S B u ll. 11 72 , W a g e s and R e la te d
B e n e f it s , 17 L a b o r M a r k e t s , 1 9 5 4 -5 5 .

Table 2: Indexes of standard weekly salaries for office c le rica l1 and average straight-time hourly earnings for selected plant occupational groups
in Philadelphia, Pa. , November 1954 and -November 1955 and percent of increase for selected periods
Ind<exes
Percent increases from—
(October 1952 = 100)
Industry and occupational group
November 1954 October 1953
October 1952
October 1951
October 1951
November
November
to
to
to
to
to
1955
1954
November 1955 November 1954 October 1953
October 1952 November 1955
A ll industries:
Office clerical (women)
114. 6
110. 8
3.4
3.4
7. 1
4. 6
19. 8
Skilled maintenance (men) _ __
116.4
4.0
4. 4
111.9
7.2
5. 0
22.2
Unskilled plant (men)
115.5
109.0
6.0
4. 3
4. 5
7.3
23.9
Manufacturing:
Office clerical (women)
114. 6
111.6
2. 8
4. 6
6. 6
5. 2
20. 6
Skilled maintenance (men)
115. 7
111.4
3.8
7. 2
3.9
5. 1
21.6
Unskilled plant (men)
107. 9
113.9
5. 5
4. 5
3.3
9.4
24! 6
Based on data for the following jobs:
Office clerical (women):
B ille rs , machine (billing machine)
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B
Comptometer operators
Clerks, file, class A and B
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Key-punch operators
Office girls
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Switchboard operators
Switchboard operator- receptionists
Tabulating-machine operators
Transcribing-machine operators, general
 Typists, class A and B


Based on data for the following jobs:
Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics, automotive
Millwrights
Painters
Pipefitters
Sheet-metal workers
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling
Watchmen




/v. vccupanonai earnings
5

Table A>1: Office Occupation:
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s 1 fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
in P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , by in d u stry d iv is io n , N o v e m b e r 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

A ve E G
tA B

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

S
is
s
s
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
s
s
$
$
S
W
eekly
Weekly 25. 00 3 0 .0 0 3 5 .0 0 4 0 . 00 4 5 . 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 7 0 .0 0 75. 00 8 0 .0 0 85. 00 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130 .00
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard)
and
3 5 .0 0 4 0 . 00 45 . 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 7 5 .0 0 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 o v e r

!
M en
C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s A ____________
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
W h o le s a le tr a d e
F in a n ce **

646
397
249
41
86
74

38. 5
39. 0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
38. 0

$
8 2 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
88. 50
8 2 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B _____________
M a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________
F in a n c e * *

274
104
170
69
54

3 8 .5
39. 0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
36. 5

6 4 .0 0
68. 50
6 1 .5 0
64. 50
5 1 .0 0

C l e r k s , o r d e r ______________________________
..........
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______ ____________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________ _____
R e ta il tr a d e 2

529
171
358
271
74

39. 0
39. 0
39. 0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

71. 00
72. 00
71. 00
6 9 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ________________________ „
M a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________

165
142

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

7 5 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

O ffic e b o y s _________________________________
M anuf a ctu r in g
___________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t i li t ie s *
__
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________
R e ta il tra d e 2 _______________________
F in a n ce **
S e r v i c e s ____ __ ___________________

801
370
431
34
66
58
198
75

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
38. 0
3 7 .5
39. 0
3 9 .0
37. 0
39. 0

4 2 .0 0
4 4 .5 0
3 9 .5 0
4 2 .0 0
4 5 .5 0
4 1 .5 0
3 7 .5 0
3 8 .0 0

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
„ _____
M a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______ ____________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________
F in a n ce * * ______________________ ____

553
244
309
25
62
184

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
38. 0
39. 0
39. 0
3 7 .5

6 7 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

334
190
59

3 7 .5
38. 0
3 7 .0
35. 0

5 5 .5 0
5 7 .0 0
5 4 .5 0
5 0 .5 0

B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h i n e ).
__________________________ __
M a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________ _____
R e ta il tr a d e 2 __ ___________________

206
63
143
114

3 9 .5
"4 -6 .0 -'
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s A
................._
M a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________

386
213
173

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

4

20
10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

2

17
1
16
10

23
5
18
5
11

5
2
3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10
-

10

16
16
3
8

2

-

4

64
26
38

70
46
24
-

61
30
31

86
57
29
10
7
3

66
42
24
3
5
15

69
54
15
1
8
5

64
37
27
22
2
-

42
28
14
1
4
8

24
3
21
2
4

3
2
1
1
-

7
1
6
5
-

-

-

13 '
8

19
9

8
16

44
17
27
15
7

52
20
32
27
2

25
18
7
2
2

22
13
9
7
-

19
18
1
-

12
6
6
2
-

40
17
23
23
-

36
2
34
34
~

65
14
51
33
5

93
27
66
52
14

92
54
38
16
22

56
9
47
44
3

74
31
43
32
11

23
4
19
2
17

10
2
8
8
-

16
10

23
23

9
7

20
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9
-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

9
5

1
1

2
1

24
21

38
38

12
11

93
5
88

266
123
143
18
23
24
41
37

88
38
50
5
15
8
21
1

99
68
31

26
21
5
1

7
6
1
1

1
1

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
3
7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23

32
7
25
1
23

55
21
34
1
1
27

87
33
54
5
6
33

I ll

64
37
27
2
10
10

43
27
16
1
6
7

49
19
30
4
13
10

35
8
27
10
11
6

17
17
-

4
4
-

1
1
"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

79
9

214
101
113
9
7
20
49
28

-

1

7

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

7
-

23
-

-

-

-

1

7

23

19
1
18
1
17

-

8
6
2
2

38
9
29
15

54
24
30
13

42
17
25
17

66
27
39
“

92
39
53
"

4
4
4

30
30
18

32
32
29

46
IT
33
31

38
16
22
11

21
16
5
4

28
12
16
16

3
2
1
1

1
1

4
4

19
1
18

48
27
21

123
91
32

82
38
44

53
18
35

24
10
14

-

■

-

1
6

35
2
1
20

38
24
14
3
10
1

27
20
7
1
6
-

12
5
7

7
5
2

_

_

2
4

2
-

1
1

12
12

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
-

1
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
3
10
9
1

3
3

4

2

_

_

-

-

_

4
4
-

4
3
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

2
1

6
5

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

1

-

2
2
-

-

2
2

-

_

-

-

-

j
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
10
6
6

4
2
2

5
1
4

2
2

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h i n e ) _____
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____ ___________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________
F in a n ce * *

R 3

-

-

-

-

54. 00
61. 00
5 0 .5 0
5 1 .0 0

-

-

-

61. 00
6 2 .0 0
5 9 .5 0

-

-

12
-

n
,

12
12

4
------- 4 ~
~ '
11
7
4

-

21
21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

"

-

-

~

“

■

■

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■
-

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .
O cc u p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a ., N o v e m b e r 1955
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
B u rea u o f.L a b o r S ta tis tics




0

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a rn in g s 1 fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
in P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , by in d u stry d iv is io n , N o v e m b e r 1955)
Average
Sex, occu p a tion , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

$
s
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
s
s
$
W
eekly
Weekly 2 5 .0 0 3 0 .0 0 3 5 .0 0 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 *7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 *130.00
hours
earnings
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
3 0 .0 0 3 5 .0 0 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 70. 00 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 o v e r

W om en - C ontinued

B o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B ____________________________________ 1,886
M an u factu rin g______________________ ___ — 5T
N onm anufacturing ______________________ 1 ,5 6 9
W h olesa le tra d e
_
.
193
R etail trad e 2
148
F in a n c e * * __ ________________________ 1, 197

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

$
4 9 .0 0
5 4 .0 0
4 8 .5 0
5 6 .5 0
5 2 .5 0
4 6 .5 0

_
_
-

-

-

C le r k s , a ccou n tin g , c la s s A _____________ 1, 138
M anufacturin g
. . _
477
N onm anufacturing
_ ..
661
P u b lic u t i li t ie s *
59
75
W h olesa le t r a d e _____________________
R etail tra d e 2
__
_
.
135
F inan ce **
324
S e r v ic e s
. .... _ . ___
68

3 7 .0
3 8 .0
3 6 .5
3 6 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 5 .0
3 8 .5

6 4 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
6 1 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
6 1 .0 0
5 7 .5 0
6 0 .5 0

.
_

C le r k s , a ccou n tin g , c la s s B ___
_
_
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
P u b lic u t i li t ie s * _
W h olesa le t r a d e _____________________
R etail tra d e 2
.......
F inan ce ** __________________________
S e r v ic e s
.....
. ...

2 ,0 1 5

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 8 .5

5 2 .0 0
5 4 .0 0
5 1 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
4 9 .0 0
4 7 .0 0
5 3 .0 0

C le r k s , file , c la s s A
M anufacturing
_
N onm anufacturing ______________________
P u b lic u t i li t ie s * ____________________
W h olesa le tra d e
__
F inan ce ** __________________________

604

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .0
3 9 .5
3 6 .5

5 6 .0 0
5 9 .0 0
5 3 .5 0
5 7 .5 0
6 0 .0 0
5 0 .5 0

3 8 .0
_ 3970 '
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 6 .5
3 8 .0

4 1 .0 0
4 7 .5 0 '
4 0 .0 0
5 1 .0 0
4 6 .0 0
3 8 .5 0
3 9 .0 0
3 7 .5 0

—

1 ,4 4 9
85
241
617
424
82

324
37
59
199

C le r k s , file , c la s s B __________ ________
2, 179
375
M anufacturin g __________________________
N onm anufacturing ______________________ 1 ,8 0 4
P u b lic u tilitie s *
__
50
W h olesa le tra d e ____________________
205
R etail tra d e
315
F inan ce **
____________________ __
1 ,0 8 5
S e r v ic e s . ___________________________
149
C le r k s , o r d e r _
...
. . . . . . .
M an u factu rin g. . . . . . .
N onm anufacturing
P u b lic u tilitie s * ____________________
W h olesa le tra d e
_
R etail tra d e _
_

661
315
346
60
87
193

3 9 .0
3S. 3
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

5 1 .5 0
5 3 .0 6 "
4 9 .5 0
4 8 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
4 6 .0 0

453
12
441
24
25
382

523
------ S T
460
11
29
419

381
79
302
59
28
208

187
74
113
16
2l
62

122
42
80
40
22
18

44
17
27
14
7
4

19
3
16
11
1
4

22
11
11
5
6
-

5
5
5
-

5
5
5
-

-

-

125
16
109
3
6
100

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

109
8
101
10
76
15

133
28
105
9
18
75
3

184
70
114
18
11
21
59
5

163
74
89
4
12
21
33
19

188
100
88
13
7
32
25
11

152
55
97
15
16
18
38
10

60
28
32
2
10
5
11
4

78
74
4
1
1
1
1

35
31
4
2
2
-

14
8
6
4
2
-

-

13
2
11
5
3
3

11
11
8
3
-

-

1

9
2
7
5
2

2
2
2
-

1
1
1

-

_
_
-

-

-

-

13
13
7
6
-

_
_
_
_
_

19
19
_
6
11
2
-

106
106
9
5
33
59
-

347
69
278
6
24
132
111
5

504
156
348
4
31
170
115
28

387
99
288
9
36
134
91
18

313
122
191
1
71
76
22
21

100
32
68
3
9
35
17
4

82
39
43
12
14
13
1
3

65
29
36
19
8
3
6
-

50
18
32
9
20
3
-

24

56
9
47
8
39

103
87
66
1
14
51

96
41
55
2
4
30

101
54
47
13
16
17

102
71
31
4
4
20

54
30
24
1
7
13

36
17
19
8
7
1

20
19
1

517
341
9T~ — n r
424
208
10
17
82
81
68
22
88
240
24
-

142
71
71
9
30
4
27
1

56
39
17
7
4
4
2
-

12
9
3
3
_
_

2
2
1
1
_

5
1
4
3
1
-

-

-

-

"

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

24
24

292
-

_
_
_
.
_
_

-

292
_
47
211
34
n
-

11
11

812
~Z9
783
_
6
170
517
90

69
30
39
6
33

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .
* T ra n sp o rta tio n (ex clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s
** F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




124
44
80
16
12
52

179
82
97
27
3
67

86
86
50
13
36
1

49
46
9
_
2
1

36
28
13
_
2
11

32
20
12
_
2
10

13
9
4
_
4

-

-

49
29
20
1
12
7

6
-

6
3
3

2
2
-

_
_
_

_
_
-

-

-

"

1
1
_
-

1
1
1
-

7
7
7
_
_

.
_
_
_

_
_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
_
6
1
-

11
11
_
11
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

.
-

-

-

"

-

_

_
_
_

_

_
_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
5

.
-

-

_
-

_
.

_
_

_
_

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_
-

.
-

-

-

_

_
_

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

7

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s 1 fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu died on an a r e a b a s is
in P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , by in d u stry d iv is io n , N o v e m b e r 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME; WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
$
W
eekly
W
eekly 2 5 .0 0 3 0 .0 0 3 5 .0 0 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
3 0 .0 0 3 5 .0 0 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0

i

S
S
$
$
S
s
*
S
t
s
$
5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 1 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 n o .00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00
and
5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 L O.00 105.00 110.00 115 .00 120.00 125.00 130.00 o v e r
O

W om en - C on tin u ed
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
M a n u fa ctu rin g _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u tilit ie s *
R e ta il tr a d e _
F in a n ce ** ...
S e r v ic e s ............................

1 ,4 4 1
—
444
123
_ _
106
105
50

wr~

3 8 .0
3B.TT"
3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 5 .0
3 8 .5

$
5 8 .5 0
5 8 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
5 4 .0 0
5 3 .0 0
5 8 .5 0
5 6 .0 0

_
_
.
_

_
_
_

6
6
_
-

-

-

C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s
. ...
M an u factu rin g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
... _
.
R e ta il tra d e 2
____
F in a n c e * *
_

1 ,0 7 4
286
788
192
444
121

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .0

5 4 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
5 2 .5 0
5 5 .5 0
5 2 .5 0
4 7 .5 0

.
_
_
-

6
6
_
6
-

D u p lic a tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(m im e o g r a p h o r d itto)
M anuf a ctu r ing
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________ ._______

172
104
68

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

4 8 .5 0
5 1 . do
4 4 .5 0

-

_
-

-

-

.

.

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
-

_
_
.

.
_
-

.
_
.

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
-

.

.

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
"

.
"

13
9

15
12
3
3
-

8
6
2
2
-

225
154
71
11
11
42
6

278
193
85
6
22
23
10

159
133
26
9
2
5
-

112
83
29
5
_
11
6

42
32
10
9
_
1
-

29
26
3
_
1
_

12
8
3
_
1
_

14
6
8
1
2
_

4
4
_
_
_
_

5
4
1
1
_
_

1
_
1
_
_
_

5
_
5
_
_
_

2
_
2
_
_
_

-

173
TOO73
15
27
9
22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
2
26
•_
16
10

93
2
91
7
54
29

215
29
186
62
80
37

200
39
161
30
99
25

236
97
139
24
100
11

146
53
93
31
45
8

101
42
59
26
32
1

25
14
11
3
7
-

15
7
8
6
2
-

8
1
7
3
2
-

1
_
1
_
1
-

_
_
-

_

.
_
-

-

"

_
_
-

22
3
19

39
17
22

38
23
15

41
34
7

20
TB
2

6
4
2

6
5
1

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

-

_
_
-

_

-

188
----155
20
21
4
99

245
ST
160
24
5
7
113

303
138
165
8
30
21
83

210
97
113
4
34
22
52

215
115
100
15
55
5
25

104
71
33
4
18
4
7

42
28
14
6
4
4

30
12
18
4
14
-

3
1
2
1
1
-

11
11
11
-

-

72
TO
62
_
_
7
44

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

.
-

27
27
20

155
~T5
105
75

121
59
62
10

77
57
20
1

14
13
1
-

17
17
-

2
2
-

3
3
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
-

367
163
264
_
41
26
172
31

361
12
36
47
240
26

901
435
466
11
95
44
247
69

741
142
299
14
66
42
152
25

663
394
269
9
99
37
111
13

624
376
248
18
45
29
126
30

352
239
113
21
14
22
51
5

234
1"53
81
14
6
21
35
5

118
100
18
5
1
5
2
5

129
86
43
13
8
10
9
3

90
65
25
23
2
-

36
15
21
16
1
4

-

128
20
108
6
9
19
61
13

54
41
13
9
4
_
-

-

51
_
51
_
_
8
37
6

569

_
_

_
_
-

-

-

30
13
17
15
2
-

_
.
_
_
_
_
_

.

101
_
101

405
117
288
25
9
21
224
9

685

807
438
369
49
78
60
106
76

670
472
198
20
52
31
84
11

536
3*7
179
36
65
8
65
5

250
202
48
11
26
10
1

104
52
52
19
33
_
-

63
47
16
5
6
5

13
3
10
4
6
-

14
8
6
3
3
-

10
10
10
-

1
1
1
-

' -

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

5 4 .0 0
5T 56
5 2 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
5 8 .5 0
5 2 .5 0
4 8 .5 0

_
.
-

O ffic e g i r l s __________________________________
M an u factu rin g _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
F in a n ce * * _______________________ ___

426
ZoT
225
115

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 6 .0

4 1 .0 0
4 4 .0 0
3 9 .0 0
3 7 .0 0

10
10
9

S e c r e t a r ie s _________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g
..
..
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t ilitie s *
W h o le s a le tr a d e
R e ta il tra d e 2 _
F in a n ce * * ____________________________
S e r v ic e s
...

5, 123
2 ,7 1 7
2 ,4 0 6
195
426
307
1 ,2 4 7
231

3 8 .0
38. §
3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 8 .5

7 0 .5 0
’TTT50~
6 6 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
6 3 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

.
_
_

S ten ogra p h ers, gen eral
4 ,5 5 6
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________ __________ 2 ,4 0 2
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________ 2, 154
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
263
W h o le s a le tr a d e
413
R e ta il tr a d e 2
247
F in a n ce **
1 ,0 3 9
S e r v ic e s ______________________________
192

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
3 7 .5

5 6 .5 0
■59". 60
5 3 .5 0
6 0 .0 0
5 9 .0 0
5 3 .0 0
5 0 .0 0
5 3 .0 0

_
_
_
_
_
_

-

18
4
68
11

J ~—
J

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ,
** F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




_
_
_
_
_
.

242
163
79
44
18
12
5

_
-

K e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s
1 ,4 2 3
M an u factu rin g
—
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
833
_
97
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s * ___
W h o le s a le tr a d e
182
70
R e ta il tr a d e 2 __ _______________ ___
F in a n ce **
427

5W~

1
_
_
_

.
_
_
_
_
_

131
84
47
22
22
2
1

897
T04~ ' 5 6 2 '"
481
395
37
44
66
50
51
62
295
196
32
43

2~
W

_

_

- -

-

-

_

1

4

4
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

8

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in P h il a d e l p h i a , P a . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , N o v e m b e r 195 5)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING! STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

*
S
Weekly
2 5 . 00 3 0 . 00
earnings
and
(Standard) u n d e r
3 0 . 00 3 5 . 00

$
$
$
3 5 . 0 0 4 0 . 0 0 4 5 . 0 0 * 5 0. 0 0 * 5 5 . 0 0 * 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0

S
70. 00

S
s
$
*
$
s
7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 * 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 * 1 0 5 .0 0 * 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 * 1 2 0 .0 0 * 1 2 5 .0 0 * 1 3 0 .0 0
and

4 0 . 00

4 5 . 00

5 0. 00

5 5. 00

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00 7 5 . 0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0

over

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n i c a l - — __________ „
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------

254
212

38. 5
39. 0

6 6 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ------------- ----------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ ______ ______ ____________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * --------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 2 ________ ______ __________
F i n a n c e * * ____ __________ ______________
S e r v i c e s ____________________________________

920
269
651

38. 5
39. 0
38. 0
39. 0
3 9 .5
39. 0
37. 0
39. 0

5 5 .0 0
6 3 . 50
5 1 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
4 7 .0 0
5 0 . 50
4 3 .5 0

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ______
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ __ _______________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 2 ________ „
— __ ______
S e r v i c e s ______ ___________________________

919
521
398

38. 0
38. 0
38. 0
38. 5
3 8 .0
38. 5
38. 5

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ ______ ______ ______ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g „
---------------- __ ______
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ____ ___________________
F i n a n c e * * ____ __ ______________
______

479
168
311
50
169

38.
39.
38.
38.
37.

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l — __ ---------------- „
__ ---------------- __
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ ______ ______ __________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______ ___________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ____ — — — ______
F i n a n c e * * ____ __ __ — __ ______ __

762
263
499
185
212

T y p i s t s ,* c l a s s A _________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g —
--------- „
--------- --------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g — ----------------------------- __
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ____ __ ______________
F in a n c e * *
— __ — „
__________ __
S e r v i c e s ______ ______ _______ ____ _________

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B ___ __ __________ __ __ __
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________ _ ______________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
___
R e t a i l t r a d e 2 _____________________________
F in a n c e * *
_ _ _ _ _
_ __
S e r v i c e s ____________________________________

15
5

50
37

56
49

51
49

26
25

31
31

18
14

3
1

128
15
1 13
1
3
33
53
23

154
34
120
2
13
28
61
16

1 23
37
86
18
2
15
47
4

149
63
86
29
29
7
15
6

103
73
30
13
12
_
5

32
11
21
18
3
-

24
18
6
6
-

3
1
2
2
-

20
15
5
5
-

-

-

“

-

276
136
140
4
81
20
35

223
148
75
2
33
13
11

160
97
63
10
23
10
20

1 25
82
43
12
13
13
5

65
43
22
10
11
-

7
6
1
-

-

1

1
1
-

-

"

137
30
107
5
40

62
17
45
7
24

91
42
49
32
16

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

9
-

71
71
-

104
2
102
3
56
23
20

6
_

46
8
38
1
5
-

-

9

-

-

5 2 .5 0
5 4 . 00
5 1 .0 0
5 9 .0 0
5 0 . 50
5 3 . 00
5 0 .5 0

-

_
-

-

-

-

9

5
0
0
5
5

6 1 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
5 7 . 50
6 4 . 50
5 5 . 50

-

2
-

2
-

20
-

16
-

2
-

2
-

20
-

16
_

-

2

2

12

16

75
16
59
5
50

38.
38.
38.
39.
36.

0
0
0
5
5

5 1 .5 0
5 4 .0 0
5 0 . 00
5 3 .5 0
4 6 . 50

-

3
-

80
-

3
_

-

3

80
36
38

89
7
82
20
54

220
96
124
24
59

131
62
69
22
31

56
19
37
10
18

93
33
60
41
6

1 ,4 1 9
514
905
76
656
54

38.
39.
37.
38.
37.
38.

0
5
5
5
0
0

5 4 .0 0
5 9 .0 0
5 1 .0 0
5 6 . 50
5 0 .0 0
5 5 . 00

346
58
288
7
240
15

351
101
250

257
103
154
35
98
6

4 , 1 45
1 ,5 0 9
2 ,6 3 6
139
300
308
1 ,7 4 1
148

3 8 .0
39. 0
37. 5
37. 5

4 6 .0 0
4 9 . 50
4 4 . 00
5 2 . 50
4 9 .0 0
4 5 .0 0
4 2 .0 0
4 5 .0 0

936

645
312
333
26
93
102
98
14

284
215
69
12
21

89
70
153
223
116

39
172
57
80

39. 5
3 9 .0
36. 5
39. 5

.
-

-

_
_
_
_
_

9
_
_
_

14
10
47

16
16
-

27
-

3
3
_

27
-

81
81
-

3

26

53

-

-

-

75
-

641
60
581
1
_

1338
413
925
13
110
75
658

75
_
.
2
73

66
498
16

69

349
587
53
52
54
391
37

19
185
18

8
20
8




-

-

-

.

.

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

~

_

.

_

.

.

.

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

27
17
10
1
7

24
23
1
-

7
7
-

7
7
-

2
2
-

-

7
7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

■

-

-

“

-

-

65
37
28
19
3

16
5
11
8

4
2
2
2

3
2
1
1

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

247
193
54
7
31
10

64
33
31
2
20

18
14
4
3
_

13
6
7
2
-

-

-

5

-

134
89
45
25
12
1
3
4

46
35
11
6
5
_
_

39
34
5
3
2
_
-

2
2
_
_
_
_
-

5
-

_
_
_
_
_

.

.

!
;
i

i
1

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

’

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
2
6
1
-

4
4
-

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

.

.

.

.

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
.
_
_
-

5
_
5
_
-

1 H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 E x clu d e s lim it e d -p r ic e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
** F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .

.

1
1

-

|
i

-

.
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

9
Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in P h il a d e l p h i a , P a . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 5 )

Average
Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Number

of

a n d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

workers

Weekly

hours

(Standard)

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

$

$

$

$

$

5 0 . 0 0 5 5 .0 0

6 0 . 00

6 5 .0 0

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

80. 00

"
under
5 5. 00 6 0 .0 0

“

“

_

"

”

~

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 .0 0

9 0 . 00

9 5 .0 0

r

$
$
s
$
!#
s
s
s
$
$
$
S
9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 1 4 5 . 0 0 1 5 0 . 0 0 1 5 5 . 0 0

”

6 5 . 00

$
8 5 . 00

$

S

9 0 . 00

“

"

~

“

1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 .0 0

“

■

“

“

“

1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0

*

~

o
o

$

$

and

1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 5 .0 0

over

M en

$
D r a f t s m e n , l e a d e r _______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________

175
158

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

D r a f t s m e n , s e n i o r _______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ________________________

1, 3 0 9
1, 1 8 0
129
27

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

624
577

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
38. 0

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

6
5

9

-

9

-

28
28
-

29
29
-

23
22
1

92
86
6

12 3
114

-

2

126
105
21
8

118
102
16
7

120
85
35
1

43
37
6

-

116
110
6
3

156
146
10

-

62
54
8
2

4

24 8
42

44

1 17
T06

87
87

I ll

64

99

59

48
48

17
14

6
6

19
16

4

43

53
48

11
1
10

7 3 . 00
7 3 . 00

330
241
89

-

"

9 7 .5 0
9 7 . 50
9 7 .5 0
9 4 . 00

D r a f t s m e n , j u n i o r _______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________

-

17
11

65

57
45
12

62
45
17

35
31

18
16

17
17

4

21

39
25
14

_

44

6

1
1

-

1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 2 .5 0

7 2 . 50
7 4 . 00
6 8 .5 0

_
/

- !

9

16
13

27
27

23
22

47
44

113
110

3

3

25
23
2

-

-

-

-

6
6

3

23
18

-

_

-

19
17

19
17

37

39

36

39

12
10

1

-

2

-

"

-

-

_

-

-

9
9

12
11
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

-

_

_

-

*

12
10

-

"

W om en
N u r s e s , i n d u s t r i a l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ____________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _
_ __ ______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________

2

4

6

-

2

2

2

“

-

-

-

_

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

“

“

!

-

-

"

"

"

_

1 H o u r s r e f l e c t t h e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 I n c lu d e s 2 w o r k e r s at $ 4 5 t o $ 5 0 .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .

T a b le

A -3 :

M a in te n a n c e

and

P o w e r p la n t

O c c u p a t io n s

( A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
in P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 5 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

C a r p e n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ----------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------- — -------- —
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ----------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 2 ----------------------------------------

993
687
306
43
157

2 . 37
2 . 31
2 . 51
2 . 18
2 .9 2

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e _________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g __ __ __ __ _____ —

1 ,5 9 9
1 ,3 4 6
253
79
104

2 . 35
2 . 36
2 . 35
2 . 34
2 .6 9

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

$

PnKlir n filifioe ♦
R e t a i l t r a d e 2_ __ __ __ __ __ __

—

E n g i n e e r s , s t a t i o n a r y _______________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g — -------- -------- __ -------N o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g __ __ __ __ __ -------PnKlir ntilitipc ♦
R e ta il t r a d e 2
__ __
_________ —
F in a n ce * *
_____ _____ __ __ _____

S ervices __ __ ____

__ __ __ __ __

1, 181
790
391
28
86
121
134

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le .
* T r a n s p o r ta tio n (e x clu d in g r a il r o a d s ),
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .




2 . 08
2. 15
1 .9 4
2 . 00
2 . 21
1. 84
1 .7 9

$

U n d e r 1. op *1. 10
and
$
und er
1. 00
1. 10 1. 20

.

.

$

1. 20

$

1. 30

$

1. 40 * 1 .5 0 * 1 .6 0 * 1 .7 0

$

1 .8 0

$

1 . 9 0 *2 . 00 *2 . 10 *2 . 20 *2 . 30 * 2 . 4 0 * 2 . 5 0 *2 . 60 * 2 . 70 * 2 . 80 *2 . 90 * 3 . 00 *3 . 10 * 3 . 2 0

1. 30

1 .4 0

1. 50

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

1 .9 0

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 . 20

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 . 50

2 .6 0

2 . 70

2 . 80

2 .9 0

4

3

4
1
3
-

26
10
16
-

20
18
2
-

86
68
18
3

118
60
58
20
14

145
129
16
1
8

112
89
23
9
12

80
62
18
5
13

26
24
2
-

14
13
1
-

106
106
-

61
57
4
4

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

138
127
11
9

208
20 3
5
1

20 7
163
44

79
72
7
6

62
61
1

148
125
23
23

43
35
8

21
21

3
1
2

2

41

8

21

2

149
140

27
13
14

43
18
25

27
13
14

50
39
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

12
1
11
-

"

-

-

-

-

27
19
8
1
6

_
-

6
6

4
1
3

15
1
14

2
2

5
3
2

12
9
3

98
69
29
5

110
85
25
14
10

379
351
28
21

_

_

20

72

-

1

3

19

69

97
71
26

92
50
42

83
67
16

3

3

2

103
78
25
5

266

-

86
40
46

9

3

45
21

16
28

49
1

6

1
15

3

11

~

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

“

c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s ,

-

3
-

-

3

1
3

22

1
25
16

2
11

4
7

194
72

2

9

1

9

-

2

15
1

9

-

3

_
11

8
6
2

46
46
-

_

3 .0 0

7
7
-

3 . 10

$

3 . 30 * 3 . 4 0

3 .2 0

3 . 30

3 .4 0

3. 50

24
24
-

122
6
116
_
101

_
_

-

3
3
_
3

_
_
-

29
10
19

_

-

19

_
-

-

-

_
-

30
30
-

-

-

_ 3 2

2
2

-

2

-

-

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

-

_

_

-

_

_

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

"

_

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . , N o v e m b e r 1 95 5
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

10

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations - Continued
( A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
in P h il a d e lp h ia , P a . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , N o v e m b e r 1 95 5)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

$
1. 82
1. 87
1. 58
1. 87
1.68

6
6
-

-

-

-

_
-

3
3
-

-

-

_

_

1
1
1

24
2
22
1

-

M a c h i n i s t s , m a i n t e n a n c e ___________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------

1 ,2 5 3
1, 124

2 . 37
2 . 35

_

_

_

-

-

-

M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t iv e ( m a i n t e n a n c e ) ___
M a n u f a c t u r in g _______ __ __ _____ __ __
* N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________ __ _________
P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * ______________________
tra rip
P
traH p ^

998
29 2
706
356
181
128

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

19
20
19
15
32
17

_

_

_

-

-

-

M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ____________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _
_ _________ __ __ __ __
_
_________ __
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____ _
R e t a il traH p ^

1 ,8 0 5
1,621
184
68

2.
2.
2.
2.

27
26
32
15

P a i n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e __ _____ __ _____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______ _____________ ___ _
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________
P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * ___ __ __ ____ _
_
F in a n c e * *
__ __ _____ __ _____ __

1 .7 0

1 . 80

20
13
7
6

88
81
7
3

139
123
16
9

-

-

-

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

24
24

38
38

5
5

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

351
339
12
6
6

13
4
9
9

262
262

_

43
43

42
42

59
59

210
210

94
94

64
64

9
9

54
54

3
3

61
61

92
88

126
110

202
192

157
144

54
54

113
100

11
11
-

20
7
13
2
5

19
9
10
4
4
2

290
110
180
157

179
45
134
79
36
19

81
31
50
2
34
6

109
17
92
8
84

14

218
44
174
70
12
87

209
203
6
6

150
144
6
6

318
263
55
46

275
254
21
7

114
113
1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

5
5
-

2
2
2

19
19
-

2 .5 0

49
49

76
76

24
24

_
-

2 .4 0

14
11
3
3

7
7

-

_

-

2 . 30

12
12
-

1
1

_

_

-

2.20

74
52
22
2
20

377
196
181
120
35
26

-

_

2 . 10

90
83
7
7

481
288
193
173
4
12

_

-

2 . 00

190
175
15
5
10

389
263
126
120
5
1

189
165
24
12
-

-

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1 .9 0 *2 . 0 0 2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2 . 30 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 2 . 7 0 2 . 80 2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0 3. 10 3. 20 3 . 30 3 . 4 0

115
82
33
12
3
18

58
29
29
3
21
2

_

-

500
49 5

1.60

_

2 . 19
2 . 19

O i l e r s ___________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---- -------------------------- --------

50

150
120
30
24

].

_

605
605

2 . 26
2 . 26

$
1 .7 0

46
34
12
7
-

M a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m _______
M a n u fa c t u r in g — -------------------------------------

500
49 5

-

$
1 .6 0

21
14
7
5
1

1. 90
1 .9 4
1. 81
1. 83
1. 81
1. 87

M illw r ig h ts _
_ ___________________________ _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __ __ — _________ _____

18
6
12
-

$
1 .5 0

51
26
25
3
4

2 , 357
1 ,7 0 5
652
470
74
64

-

1 .4 0

$
1 .4 0

1
1
-

H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a i n t e n a n c e ____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______ _____ _ ____ _
_
_
__
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ _____ _________
P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * ___ _________________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e ___ _________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 2 ----- -------------- --------------

-

$
1. 30

o
O'

942
794
148
29
62

$
$
$
U n d e i 1 . 0 0 1 . 10 1 . 2 0
and
$
1 .0 0 in d e r
1. 10 1 . 2 0 1 .3 0

o
00

F i r e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r -----------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------- __ — -------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g — ~ — -------------- __
P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * ______________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 2 ---------------------------- --------

Average
hourly
earnings

V>’~(

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

19
19
-

40
40
-

69
64
5

_

2 .9 0

3 . 00

_

_

-

-

160
160

148
80

14
10

-

41
6
35
32

7
7
-

16
16
-

_

_

-

103
64
39

51
47
4

267
26 2
5

\

154
112
42
2

3. 70

3 . 30

.

2 . 80

_

-

-

-

-

_

3 . 1Q

3 .5 0

-

-

-

"

"

_

_

_

"

_

3 .4 0

'
_

-

3
3

5
5

36
36

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

3
3
-

12
12
-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

34
34

9
8

109
109

152
150

34
34

125
124

18
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1. 73
1. 73

_

8
8

3
3

6
6

92
92

_

60
60

108
108

60
56

32
32

67
67

15
15

7
7

_

12
12

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

30
29

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

677
359
318
105
101

2.
2.
2.
2.
1.

_

_
-

_

10
10
_

9
9
_

36
36
_
20

27
27
_
23

50
8
42
_
42

38
34
4
_
2

37
29
8
4

68
13
55
33
7

133
112
21
3
1

74
32
42
41
1

19
12
7
7

10
10
-

55
34
21
21

32
32
-

71
43
28
-

7
7
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

P i p e f i t t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e - __ —
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ ___ _
_
_
_____ _______ ___

998
94 3

2 . 37
2 . 37

85
85

49
46

226
226

84
63

82
82

76
76

35
34

226
2 26

73
46

_

1

_

-

6
6

_

-

2
1

1

-

14
14

P l u m b e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e __ _____ __ __ „
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g — __ „
_
_ _ __

106
70

2 . 11
2 . 02

_

_

_

1

7
-

6
2

4
3

10
4

3

-

6
3

7

"

20
16

_

-

1
1

-

-

S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ______
M a n u fa c t u r in g

215
189

2 .2 8
2 . 27

_

1
1

12
10

25
13

56
56

28
26

35
35

21
20

9
8

1 ,9 0 3
1 ,9 0 1

2 .4 9
2 .4 9

25
25

68
68

52
52

67
67

108
106

149
149

22 4
22 4

736
73 6

T o o l a n d d ie m a k e r s
M a n u fa c t u r in g _
_

1
2
3
*
**

_
„

_
_
__ __ _____ _______

14
26
01
23
73

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
_
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

8
8

7
7

_

_

-

5
5

-

-

18
18

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

E x clu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late s h ifts .
E x clu d e s lim i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 3. 50 to $ 3. 60.
T ra n sp o rta tio n (ex clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




-

-

-

-

-

30 1
30

4
4

_

_

-

5
5

_

-

2
2

-

-

10
10

9
2

6
6

_

_

_

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

318
318

44
44

77
77

_

35
35

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

- i
n

-

11

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s 2 s t u d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
in P h il a d e lp h ia , P a . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 5 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

E le v a to r o p e r a to r s , p a s s e n g e r
(m e n )
------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 3 --------------------------------------F i n a n c e * * ---------------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

854
146
708
1 24
52 7

$
1 .3 8
1 .4 8
1 .3 6
1. 31
1. 37

367
313

$
$
$
0 . 60 0 . 70 0 . 80 0 . 9 0
an d
unde i
. 80
. 70
•90 1 . 0 0

%

1. 19
1. 13

-

15
15
-

1
1
-

6
6
6

-

-

-

-

26
26

76
76

25
25
1

$
1.00

$
$
1 . 10 1 . 2 0

$
1 .3 0

%

1 .4 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1 . 80 1 . 9 0 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2 . 30 2 . 4 0 2 . 50 2 . 60 2 . 70 2 . 80 2 . 9 0 3 . 00 3. 10
and

1.10

1.20

1. 30

1 .4 0

1 . 50

1 . 60

1. 70

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 . 00

2 . 10

2.20

2 . 30

2 .4 0

2 . 50

2 . 60

2 . 70

2 . 80

2 .9 0

3 . 00

3 .1 0

37
12
25
_
25

64
9
55
41

71
2
69
8
61

282
18
264
102
161

201
10
191
-

104
45
59
7
50

50
50
-

9
9
-

13
13
-

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

.

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

13
13

32
23

10
10

103
102

42
31

26
3
3

2

4
1

8
3

74
44
30
30

153
105
48
29

138
104
34
34

414
395
19
19

201
16 5
36
1

102
96
g
g

4
4

171
171

17
1T

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

38 2
303“
79
15
40
24

588
451
157
153
4

60
54
6

27
24
3

8
6
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

g

3

2

-

-

“

-

"

-

-

-

*

22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

189

over

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r

31

G u a r d s --------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------

1 ,6 2 6
1 , 1 SO
476
415

1. 67
1 . 79
1 .3 7
1 .3 2

6 , 591
3 , 649
2 ,9 4 2
556
176
893
659
658

1 .4 3
1. 53
1 .3 1
1 .6 5
1 .4 0
1 .2 3
1 .3 3
1 .0 8

3, 505
817
2 ,6 8 8
176
69
317
1 6 74
* 452

1 . 11
1 ?Q
I . C7
1 .0 6
1 .4 2
.9 6
• QQ
77
1 .0 6
QQ
•7 7

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d l i n g --------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * --------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e --------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 3------------------------------------------

1 1 ,5 4 3
7, 770
3 , 773
595
1 , 1 24
2 , 030

1 .6 5
1 .6 7
1 .6 1
1. 84
1. 57
1 .5 7

O r d e r f i l l e r s ___ __ _____ ________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g — -------------- ------------W h o le s a le tr a d e
— _____ _ _ _ _ _
R e t a i l t r a d e 3 ---- -------------- -------- _

2 ,6 8 5

1. 71

1 ,7 9 7
1 ,0 0 8
499

1. 72
1. 63

88
16 ^
72
72

41
8
33
32

110
12
98
98

113
13
100
94

348
82
266

468
11 4
354

34
g

21
118
3

489
180
309
15
6
27
12
249

518
185
333
16
8
216
74
19

892
167
725
51
19
18 8
414
53

676
547
129
23
17
47
39
3

945
749
196
34
23
82
57

1055
775
280
249
17
4

~

“

278
109
169
4
g

335

100
43
57
48
_

210
120
90
74
-

13 4
1 26
8
.
-

30
25
5

g

16

g

362
238
124
_

918
459
459
4
131
324

1054
843

-

-

-

-

3
3

13
3
10

119
29
90

-

10

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e -----------------------------------

S e r v ic e s

------------------------------------------------

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
( w o m e n ) ---------------------------------------------------------M a n U Ia L tU rin g
1■■■ ——
—— — —
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ------------------------ --------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------------------------------F in a n ce

888

1.68

1.66

3

-

50

124

21
132
44
157

46

71

6
-

71
-

1
2

182
41
141
-

240
46
194
4

1857
83
1774
5

g

18
24
17
1

33
85
1

48
50

1212

_
_

25
25
_
_

224.
91
133
133

179
70
109
_
97

295
117
17 8
84
94

502
193
309
_
253
50

31
13
18
18

65
42
23
14

143
34
109
59
47

2 37
56
181
170

1

-

-

-

22

6
86

20

159

10

38
■g

-

32
32
-

-

t\

1

1

-

378

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




159

IS'8
147
15
4
14
114UT

-

1
1

48 1
416
65
-

8
57

130
30

100
82
18

16
104

75

8

67
50
17

69
9
60
30
30

211
1

1337
1 26 9

68
15
10

30
179

42

101
20

178
166

81
5
76

1
2
7
5

298

1805
1451
354
56
245
53

1 93 2
1257
675
443
16 5
67

1538
640

73
40
78 5

44

167
60
107
104
3

38 6
27 9
107
90
17

512
36
476
263
213

325
39
286
57
17

898

154
144

1

99

159
130
29
29
"

20
18

2
1
1

102

24

63
39
13

23
15

1

8

1
2
1
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

■

■

"

"

-

-

85
24
61
57

6
1
1

2
2
_

5

_

16
_
16
_

402
387
15

1

4

17

5

2

8
-

8
_

1
1

2
2
_

4
_

1

4

4

_

_

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , P h il a d e l p h i a , P a . , N o v e m b e r 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tics

12

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued
( A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s 2 s t u d ie d o n an a r e a b a s i s
in P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , N o v e m b e r 195 5)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

$
1.56
1.64
1.37
1.40
1.31

P ackers, shipping (men) ------ ----------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------W holesale trade ------------------------------------Retail trade 3 --------------------------------------------

1,864
1, 315
549
356
193

P a ckers, shipping (women) -------------------------M anufacturing-----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------Retail trade 3 --------------------------------

381
310

1.27
1.50
1.09
1. 10

Receiving clerks -----------------------------------M anu factu ring ------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ---------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e --------------------------------------Retail trade 3 --------------------------------

933
542
391
138
221

1.71
1.85
1.54
1. 70
1.43

Shipping clerks --------------------------------------M anufacturing-----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------Wholesale t r a d e ----------------------------

589
447
142
85

1.85
1.88
1. 75
1.83

Shipping and receiving clerks --------------M anufacturing-----------------------------------N onm anufacturing ----------------------------------------Wholesale t r a d e --------------------------------------Retail trade 3 --------------------------------------------

361
145
216
66
138

1.94
1.00
1.96
2. 13
1.90

T ruckdrivers 5 ----------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------N onm anufacturing-----------------------------Public utilities * ---------------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------Retail trade 3 --------------------------------------------

7,048
2, 193
4, 855
1,950
2,0 6 8
713

2. 08
2 .0 7
2.09
2. 00
2.20
2 .0 5

T ru ckd rivers, light (under
lVa tons) ----------------------------------------------------------M anu factu ring------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------

657
l50
507

1.92
1.85
1.94

2,693
1,155
1,538
696
594
215

2. 07
2. 10
2.05
2.02
2 ! 15
1.95

T ru ckd rivers, medium (lVz to and
including 4 tons) ----------------------------M anu factu ring-------------- _
---------------N onm anufacturing------------------------W holesale t r a d e ------------------------------Retail trade 3 ---------------------------------------

676

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
0.60 0. 70 0.80 0. 90 1.00 1. 10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1. 60 1. 70 1.80 1 .90 2.00 2. 10 2.20
and
under
. 70
. 80
20 1.00 1 . 1 0 1.20 1,30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2.20 2.30

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
3
2
1

35
24
11
6
5

65
23
42
10
32

74
52
22

202
81
121
97
24

172
62
110
60
50

121
65
56
20
36

130
1 19
11
1
10

313 393 207
310 '2 9 0 “ 207
3 103
_
98
5
3

25
24
1

18

25
25

1

21
13
8
5
3

6
24
6 — rr
6
-

_
-

_
-

-

19
13
6
5
1

4
4

23
23

3
3

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

2
1
1
1
-

3
6
1
3 -------T
3
_
_
-

-

-

76
54

73
73
73

121
38
83
40

38
38
38

60
6
54
54

32
17
15
15

17
1
16
16

103
89
14
14

126
120
6
6

26

67
29
38
15
23

62

26
7
19

60
5
55
13
40

62
5
45

101
14
87
20
67

82
69
13
5
8

129
118
11
7
4

118
101
17
10
7

65
57
8
4
4

78
30
48
46
-

80
70
10
4
-

23
22
1

4
2
2
1

10
7
3
"

6
2
4
-

24
6
18
-

30
109
14 r 76“
31
16
27
14

96
80
16

85
78
7
7

60
54
6
6

85
67
18
16

24
20
4
-

4
2
2
"

18
3
15
14

28

5
5

4

_
-

-

4

16
9
7

45
32
13

16
13
3
2
1

37
19
18
11
3

101
23
78
23
55

33
25
8

33
33
30
3

15
11
4

3
3

-

-

-

4

3

3

-

720
115
605
576
5
2

145
88
57
5
25
5

3197
W o
2197
1208
638
329

768 1007
448
4r
72 7 559
60
22
353
537
314
-

210
118
92
4
88

534
11b
424
8
405

4
2
2

28
20
8
8

-

-

-

-

42
22
20

39
17
22

377
l2
365

6
6
-

235
67
168
155

31
24

1198
455
763
2 483
138
5 142

339

7

330
56
250
24

_

7

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

21
17
4
1
3

-

-

7

_

_

_

-

-

"

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_

-

2

41

13

57
54
3
2

60
35
25
3

115
107
8
3

21

98
58
60
4
5
35

33
3
30

20
19

61
56
5

4

6
6
6
_

_

_

-

-

6

-

-

*

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
_

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

36
10
26
15
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

41
5
36
4
6
7

49
7
42

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25
10
15

23
5
18

6

14
12
2

25
8
I7

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

18
18

-

1
1

34

57

27
7

v r

_

_

6

„

_

_

_
7

_
28

_

.
_

7

-

28

_
-

1

_

2

3.10

3.00

3.10

over

_
-

_
-

_

3.00

-

-

_

-

$

2.90

.

-

-

76

$

%

and
2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90

-

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le .
*
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .




93

$
$
$
$
$
2. 30 2 .40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80

$

-

6

9

-

-

1

28
-

3
3
-

1

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
*

_

_

_

-

-

.

-

-

.
-

_
*

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
r

1
1

_

_
_

-

-

-

4
1
3

-

_

2
2
.
_

-

-

-

14
- —
14
14

3
5

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

6

_
_

_
_
_

6
6

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

6
6
-

30
50
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

617
432
185

31
16
15

60
60
-

-

-

-

-

_

.

_

-

-

185

15

_

_

_

_

11

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

13
Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued
( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s 2 s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in P h il a d e lp h ia , P a . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , N o v e m b e r 1 9 5 5 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of
workers

hourly
earnings

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
0 . 6 0 0. 70 0 . 80 0 . 9 0 1 . 0 0 1. 10 1 . 2 0 1. 30 1 .4 0 1 . 5 0 1 . 6 0 1 . 7 0 1 . 8 0 1 .9 0 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2 . 30 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0
and
under
.7 0
. 80
.9 0 1 . 0 0 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1 . 5 0 1 . 6 0 1. 7 0 1 . 80 1 . 9 0 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2 . 30 2 . 4 0 2 . 50 2 . 6 0

%

%

2 .6 0
-

2 .7 0
-

2 .7 0

$
$
$
$
2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0 3 . 00 3 . 10
-

2 . 80

-

2 .9 0

3. 00

and

3 . 10

ove

T r u c k d r i v e r s 5 - C o n t in u e d
T r u c k d r iv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 to n s,
t r a i l e r t y p e ) __________ .___________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ____________________

1, 322
150
1, 172
86 8

$
2 . 18
2 . 05
2 . 19
2 .2 7

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s,
o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r t y p e ) ________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ____________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ___________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ___________________

1 ,7 2 9
390
1, 339
659
37 0

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) _________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ______ ______________
R e ta il tra d e 3

1, 868
1 ,4 2 4
444
198
179

1 .8 3
1. 80
1 .9 2
1 .9 7
1 .9 2

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_

_
_

323
317

1 .7 7
1 .7 6

-

-

-

-

■

■

■

■

2 , 055
1, 241
814
246
111
224
156
77

1 .4 0
1 .4 8
1 .2 8
1 .4 2
1. 12
1. 35
1 .2 9
.9 0

75
75

39
16
23

71
21
50

63
35
28

-

182
72
110
68
3
26
12
1

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( o t h e r th a n
f o r k l i f t ) _______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________

W a t c h m e n ______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______________________
R e t a il t r a d e 3
. _

Finance ** _________________________
S ervices ___________________________

1
2
3
4
5
*
**

07
05
08
05
12

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

204
204
-

13
13
-

351
120
2 31
213

156
17
139
57

192

26

3 80

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

192
192

26
26

380
380

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

42
42
-

1
1
1

24
22
2
2

'

"

"

-

56
5
51
4
47

83
50
33
8
25

4
2
2
2
"

1
1
-

■

22
22
22
“

1
1
-

~

190
190
4
46

14
14
14

■

1034
211
823
406
24 7

28
20
8
8

~

183
1
182
177
5

32
29
3
3

*

8
6
2
2
“

-

-

■

“

_

■

■

6
6
6
_

1
1
_

6
6
_

34
19
15
_

106
105
1
1

144
141
3
3

260
209
51
51

187
184
3
3

297
295
2
_

489
295
194
170
24

213
103
110
22
52

71
21
50
6
44

8
8

52
52

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

_

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

~

■

5
4

35
34

69
69

100
100

45
45

24
23

35
33

1
1

9
8

31 8
177
141
36

2 68
145
123
12
2
31
78

169

319
212
107
41
2
53
10
1

243
181
62
44
10
4
4

100

97
54
43
34
1
8

63
54
9
1
8

48
44
4
4

)
. /

-

_

-

-

_

59
_

-

-

5
3
6
9

-

16

1
49

3
2
22
1

_

-

84
21

E xcludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Data lim ited to men w ork ers except where otherwise indicated.
E xcludes lim ite d -p rice variety s tores.
Includes 1 w orker at under $ 0 .6 0 .
Includes all d riv e rs reg a rd less of size and type of truck operated.
Transportation (excluding ra ilroa d s), com m unication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




23
6
9
5
3

16
9
7

-

-

-

-

14




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

T a b le

B -1 :

S h ift

D iffe r e n tia l

P r o v is io n s 1

P ercent of manufacturing plant w o rk e rs—
(a)
In establishm ents having
form al p rov ision s fo r—

Shift differential

Second shift
w ork

Total

__

...... .......

With shift pay differential

.............._

____________

____________________

__________

U niform cents (per hour)
4 cents ______________________________________________
5 cents
______________________________________________
5 V3 cents _____________
_____________________________
6 cents ______________________________________________
7 cents
______________________________________________
7 V2 cents _________________________________________;___
8 cents
9 cents
______________________________________________
10 cents ______________________________________________
12 or I 2 V2 cents
Over 121 cents
/?.
U niform percentage

Third o r other
shift work

(b)
A ctually working on—

Second shift

T hird o r other
shift

81.8

74.3

15.5

4 .7

75.9

73.4

14.1

4 .7

3 3.4

29.2

6.1

2 .6

.3
11.2
.6
6 .1
1 .4
3.7
.9
6 .5
.7
1.9

_
2 .7
.6
.3

.1
2 .4
.1

>

1.0

.1

_

.4
.5
.1
1.0
.2
.3

_

1.2
.6
2.1
14.9
5.1
1.6

.1
.1
.2
1. 1
.7
t

.3

37.5

35.8

6 .7

1.2

5 p e r c e n t __________________________________________
7, 7 V4 or 7 V2 percent ________________________________
10 percent ____________________________________________
15 p ercent ____________________________________________

6 .6
5 .3
2 5.7
-

1. 1
6.9
25.8
1.9

1.3
1.1
4 .3
-

_
.3
1.0
-

Full day’ s pay for reduced hours ______________________
Full day’ s pay for reduced hours, plus cents or
percentage differential or flat sum ___________________
P ercen t o f base rate, le ss uniform cents ______________

_

1.2

_

.2

3. 1
1.9

5 .4
1.9

.9
.5

.4
.3

5 .9

.9

1.4

No shift pay differential

-

1
Shift d ifferential data are presented in te rm s of (a) establishm ent p olicy, and (b) w orkers actually em p loyed on late
shifts at the tim e of the survey. An establishm ent was con sid ered as having a policy if it met either o f the follow ing con d i­
tions: ( l ) Operated late shifts at the tim e of the survey, or (2) had form al p rovisions covering late shifts,
t L ess than 0 .0 5 percen t.

Occupational Wage Survey, Philadelphia, P a ., N ovem ber 1955
U .S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
Bureau o f L abor S tatistics

15

Table B-2: Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers'
Number o f establishm ents with s p e c ifie d m in im u m hiring rate in—
Manufactur ing
M inim um rate
(w eek ly sa la ry )

A ll
schedules

322

M anufactur ing

B ased on standard w eek ly hours 2 of—

A ll
in d ustries

E sta blish m en ts s t u d ie d ______________

N um ber o f esta blishm ents with s p e c ifie d m inim um hiring rate in—

Nonm anufactur ing

145

37 V2

XXX

40

XXX

A ll
ind u stries

A ll
sch ed u les

37 l/z

40

177

XXX

XXX

A il
schedules

322

FOR IN EXPERIENCED TYPISTS

E sta blish m en ts having a
s p e c ifie d m in im u m ________________
$ 3 0 .0 0
$ 3 2 .5 0
$ 3 5 .0 0
$ 3 7 .5 0
$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
tinder
under
under

$ 3 2 .5 0
$ 3 5 .0 0
$ 3 7 .5 0
$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 55. 00
$ 5 7 .5 0

____
________
________
________

________
_______ _

173
5

33

185

84

1

14
7
30
29
48

8

85

16

54

88

23

2
8
21

1
1

3

7
4
3

6
6
2

3
_

1

2

_

6

1

7
24
5
16

_
7

_
3
4

10
11
8

6
8
6

3
_

11
2
12
6

2

_

5

4
3

6

2

_

6
1
1
2

2

17
12

9
10

145

37 Vz

XXX

40

A il
schedules

37 ll2

40

XXX

177

XXX

XXX

FOR OTHER INEXPERIENCED C L E R IC A L WORKERS

27
24
36
14
26

8

Nonmanufactur ing

B ased on standard w eekly hours 2 of—

2
2
2
1

5

12
20
6
8
8

3
_
7
27
5
15
3
7

54

101

24

42

1

2

11

_

_
4
3
14
3

7

1
2

2

22
22
21

7
5
5

11

7
5
3

1
2
1

16

2
1
8

1
2

_

12

3
4

7
7

6

4
2
1

_

6

_

6

1
2

_
_

3

3

-

3

-

-

-

XXX

XXX

1

2

4

4

-

3

-

-

-

E sta blish m en ts having no
s p e c ifie d m in im u m _________________

74

33

XXX

XXX

41

XXX

XXX

86

39

XXX

XXX

47

E sta blish m en ts w hich did not
em p lo y w o r k e rs in this
c a t e g o r y ____

74

27

XXX

XXX

47

XXX

XXX

50

22

XXX

XXX

28

XXX

XXX

1

-

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

1

-

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

Data not ava ilab le ____________________

L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l is h e d f o r h ir in g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s f o r ty p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s . D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r the m o s t c o m m o n w o rk w e e k s




rep orted .

O c c u p a t io n a l W a ge S u r v e y , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . , N o v e m b e r 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is tic s

16

Table B-3: Scheduled Weekly Hours
I
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

1

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EM PLOYED IN —

W eekly hours
All
industries

A ll w ork ers

Under 35 h ou r 8 _________________________________
35 hours _________________________________________
Over 35 and under 37 l/z hours _________________
37V2 hours ______________________________________
Over 3 7 V2 and under 40 hours _________________
40 hours _________________________________________
Over 40 and under 44 hours ___________________
44 hours _________________________________________
O ver 44 hours __________________________________

100

t

9
10

27
12

39
t
t

Manufacturing

100

Public
utilities*
*

100

Wholesale
trade

100




100

t

-

13

t

3

t

6

t

55
30
_
-

15
10

65
-

All
3
industries

Services

!

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

100

6
22

6

-

-

t

t

t

12
11

Wholesale
trade

-

t

t

100

24
28
9

72
_
t

Finance * *

100

t

3
7
25
19
46

^ ata rela te to w om en w o rk e rs on ly .
E xcludes lim it e d -p r ic e va riety s to r e s .
Includes data fo r rea l estate in addition to those industry d ivision s shown s e p a ra te ly .
t L e s s than 2 .5 p ercen t.
* T ra n sp ortation (excluding r a ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
* * F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and rea l esta te.

2
3

Retail trade2

46

10

42

84

.
-

t

t
t

3

-

5
t

4

100

100

6

3
84
t

5

99
_
-

Retail trade2

Servicer

100

100

100

_

.
-

_
_
t
t
64
26
9

t

6

98

78

t

6
6

t

-

4

O ccupational W age S urvey, P hila d elp h ia , P a ., N ovem ber 1955
U. S. DE P A RT M EN T O F LA BO R
B ureau o f L a b or S ta tistics

IT

Table B-4: Paid Holidays1
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF PLANT W ORKERS EM PLOYED IN—

Item
All
industries

A ll w o r k e rs ...

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s ______________________________________
I h o lid a y _________________________________________
3 h o lid a y s _____________________________________
5 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
F u ll d a y s o n ly _______________________________
P lu s 1 h a lf h o lid a y _________________________
P lu s 2 h a lf h o lid a y s ________________________
P lu s 3 h a lf h o lid a y s _______________________
P lu s 7 h a lf h o l i d a y s _________________ _______
7 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
F u ll d a y s o n ly _______________________________
P lu s 1 h a lf h o l i d a y _________________________
P lu s 2 h a lf h o lid a y s _______________________
P lu s 7 h a lf h o l i d a y s ________________________
8 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
F u ll d a y s o n ly _______________________________
P lu s 3 h a lf h o l i d a y s ________________________
9 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
F u ll d a y s o n ly _______________________________
P I u 8 1 h a lf h o l i d a y _________________________
10 h o lid a y s ______________________________________
F u ll d a y s o n ly _______________________________
P lu s 1 h a lf h o lid a y _________________________
I h o lid a y s ______________________________________
I
F u ll d a y s o n ly _______________________________
P lu s 1 h a lf h o l i d a y _________________ ________
P lu s 2 h a lf h o lid a y s _______________________
12 h o lid a y s ______________________________________
F u ll d a y s o n ly _______________________________
P lu s 1 h a lf h o lid a y _________________________
13 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g no
p a id h o l i d a y s ____________________________________ _

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade2

Finance * *

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

t

-

-

-

t

-

-

-

-

-

-

t
25
20

t
33
23
3
6

-

-

-

13
12

t
72
72

-

9
3

t
t

60
40
18
t

-

-

-

_

t

_

-

t

6

-

-

-

24
20
3
t

38
33
t

5
5

t
3

4

t

-

-

17
17
t

t
t

i

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade2

Services

100

100

100

100

100

1 00

100

99

99

100

97

100

93

-

t
t

t

-

-

10

-

-

_

-

6

t
39
35

t
36

5

29

33
33

19
19

t
55
55

72
72

t
3

t
4

_
_

_

-

_

_

_

-

_

42
37
3

17
17

40

30
30

10
10

t
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

t
t

All
3
industries

Services

-

_

37
34

_

_
_
_

_

_
_
_

46
42
4

23
12
11

t

36
26
10

-

-

-

-

-

21
21
t

42
42

28
28

4
4

6
6

4
4

t
15
15

17
17

20
20

22
22

3
3

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

4
4
t

3
3
t

11
11

-

5
5

-

-

3
3

9
9

-

-

-

t
t

-

t

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

t
7
3
3

-

t
23
15
8

_

3
3

t
t
t
t
t

t
t

-

5
4
t

9
7
t
31
26
5

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

t
t
t
t

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

t

-

t

-

-

-

4
3
t

-

19

t
-

-

t

t
12
8
4
63

t
t

_

39
t

_

t

_

_

-

t
t
t

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

t

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

t
t

.

3
3

t
t

_

t

_

_

-

-

t
_
_
_

-

t
-

t

_

t
t

-

-

.

_

t
_

3

-

7

t
t

1 E stim a tes rela te to fu ll-d a y h olidays p rovided annually, as in e a r lie r stu dies.
These a re further divided between w o rk e rs who re c e iv e m e r e ly the indicated num ber o f fu ll-d a y holid ays, and
those who r e c e iv e 1 o r m o re h a lf-h o lid a y s in addition.
2 E xclu d es lim it e d -p r ic e v a rie ty s to r e s .
3 Includes data fo r rea l estate in addition to those industry division s shown sep a ra te ly ,
t L e s s than 2 .5 p e rce n t.
* T ra n sp ortation (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
** F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and rea l esta te.




O ccupational Wage Survey, P h iladelph ia, P a ., N ovem ber 1955
U .S . DEPARTM EN T OF LABOR
Bureau o f Labor Statistics

18

Table B-5: Paid Vacations
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

P ERCENT OF PLANT W ORKERS EM PLOYED IN —

V acation p o lic y
All
industries

Wholesale
trade

Public
utilities*
*

100

A ll w ork ers

Manufacturing

100

100

99
99

100
98

100
100

t

t

-

-

-

-

t

-

-

-

-

-

t

■

"

■

“

t

78

4
4
92

Retail trade1

Finance * *

100

100

100

100

100
100

100
100

99
99

100
94

All
2
industries

Services

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 1

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

iO O
61
36

100
100

90
90

100
100

100
72

-

99
72
25

-

-

-

t

6

t
t

t
t

-

-

-

27

■

t

"

“

10

*

“

28
6
67

71
4
24

71
5
25

55

57

86

67

t
44

_

-

33

14

27
6

9
6

44
20
35

47
27
26

63

41
4
45

t
59

39
27
33

_

_

-

_

-

_

'

'

73

14
4
73

t
93

-

-

_

;!

METHOD O F PA YM E N T
W orkers in esta blishm ents providing paid
vacations ____________________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t___________________
P ercen tage paym ent _______________________
F la t-su m paym ent _________________________
O t h e r ________________________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing no paid
vacations _____________________________________
AMOUNT O F VACATION PA Y
A fter 1 yea r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks
2 w e e k s ___________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks ___________________

18

14

8

23

t
81
t

_

t
91

_

-

86

76

22

t

t

t

A fter 2 y ea rs o f s e r v ic e
1 week ________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ___
2 weeks ______________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s ___
3 weeks _______________________

3
3

t

7

13

-

-

94

92

t
86

98

t

_

98
_

t

_

t

t

“

t

4
t
94

_

67
18

t
'

37
_

t

'

'

39

■

A fter 3 y ea rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks ______
2 weeks __________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______
3 weeks __________________________

t
t
96
t

3
3
94
.

t

97

.

t

t

99
_

_

98
t

t

t

7
6
68
18

19
57

26
26
48

-

-

t

t

.

99

23

t

t
6
70
18
4

3

3

t
88
3
4

t
87
5
4

27
-

6

29
31
38
_

3

t

A fter 5 y ea rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks
2 weeks ___________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 weeks __________________

t
t
88
5
7

t
t
83
6

98

10

t

_

_

See footnotes at end o f ta b le.
* T ransp ortation (exclu din g r a ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s .
** Finance, in su ra n ce, and rea l esta te.




NOTE:

-

-

-

97

92

t
3

8

91
6
3

-

t
-

99
-

-

_

90

94

-

t

O ccupational Wage S urvey, P hilad elp h ia, P a . , N ovem ber 1955
U .S . DE P A RT M EN T OF LABO R
B ureau o f L a b or S ta tistics

In the tabulations o f va cation a llow an ces by y e a rs o f s e r v ic e , payments other than "length o f t im e " ,
such as percen tage o f annual earnings o r fla t-s u m paym ents, w ere con verted to an equivalent tim e
b a s is; fo r exam p le, a paym ent o f 2 p ercen t o f annual earnings was co n sid e re d as 1 week*s pay.

_

5

13
27
54
4
3

19

Table B-5: Paid Vacations - Continued
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT

V acation p o lic y
All
industries

A ll w o r k e rs

........ ..

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

100

*

Wholesale
trade

100

Retail trade 1
2

Finance

**

Services

100

100

t
t
67
5
28

-

-

58
4
37

82
4
14

80
t
19

65
35

74
9
17

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

t

t

_

_

_

_

t

t

-

_

-

_

-

100

A
H

,

industries *

Manufacturing

OF PLANT
Public
utilities

W ORKERS EM PLOYED IN—

*

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

_

t
6
43

3
t
64
7
24
t

_

_

_

66
10
21
t

58
5
37
t

80

Retail trade 1

100

100

Services

100

100

t

13
27
53
4
3

AMOUNT OF V AC A TIO N P A Y - Continued
A fter 10 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
.. _ ...
_
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks
2 w eeks
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eeks
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks

....

_ .... .
._ .

t
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

.

50

3

.

.

59

_

_

10

39

-

-

-

t

13
27
47
4
9

A fter 15 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ___
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks
2 w eeks
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks .....
3 w eek s
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks
4 w eeks and o v e r

___

21
t
78
t
t

15
t
84
t
t

4

30

14

33
3
65

6

42

_

_

_

96

70

86

t

_

_

_

-

-

-

.

-

_

51

3
t
27
3
63
3

3

_

.

-

28
4
61
4

-

12

_
_

34

20

_

_

_

88
t

56

79

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

A fter 20 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ... _
O v er 1 and under 2 w eeks ..
......
2 w eeks
........... ..
O v er 2 and under 3 w eeks
.
... ...........
3 w eeks
_
._
_ ___
_
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks
......... . ........
4 w eek s and ov er

_

t
t

t

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

15

14

4

14

41

t

6

3

3

_

.

t

_

_

_

26

28

t

t

_

_

_

80

85

96

72

79

16
3
73

t
t

_

t

_

_

_

3

4

8

8

-

t

t

t

3

27

-

12

t

13
27
43

34

20

_

3

4

_

_

4

52

62

59

88

56

74

13

t

_

_

_

-

5

-

A fter 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __ ____
___
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks
2 w eeks
_
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eeks
_ _.
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks
4 w eek s and o v er

1
2
t
*
**

t
t

14

13

_

_

_

_

t

3

3

_

-

t

-

_

_

6

_

_

27

9

13

t

39

3

t

t

-

-

_

t

_

61

78

92

51

35

41

53

24
3
55

t

t

_

-

_

-

_

24

8

6

21

3

56

44

E xclu d es lim it e d -p r ic e v a rie ty s to r e s .
Inclu des data fo r re a l esta te in addition to those industry division s shown s e p a ra te ly ,
L e s s than 2 .5 p e rce n t.
T ra n sp orta tion (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and re a l esta te.




1
1

26
4
56
4
7

12

_

t

_

34

1
2

13
27
38

-

_

_

4

77

42

51

19

t

_

_

_

14

35

1
1

Table B-6: Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N -

Type of plan

A ll w ork ers ____________________________________

PE R C E N T OF PLANT W ORKERS E M PLOYED IN —

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

93

92

97

85

94

96

33

46

1
0

44

20

74
43

80
69

93
41

72
44

86

52

49

82

64

*

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 1
*

Finance

**

All
2
industries

Services

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade 1

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

79

91

90

100

76

92

88

22

26

45

49

14

41

40

64

60

88

42

1
0

40

100

79

92
87

72

77
51

75
59

69
58

28

54

28

1
2

7

30

31

16

26

t

t

5

54
34

42
38
34

8

29
31

15
70
64
30

56
54

84

7
78
74
41
5
55

44

4

-

15

t

9

!

1

W orkers in establishm ents p roviding:
L ife insurance ------------------------------------ -----A ccid ental death and dism em berm en t
in s u ra n c e __________________________________
Sickness and accid ent insurance
o r s ick leave o r b o th 3 ___________________
4
S ickness and a ccid en t in s u r a n c e ..............
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting p e r io d )-------------------------------------Sick lea ve (partial pay or
waiting p e r io d )_______
- - ..............
H ospitalization insurance __________________
S urgical in s u r a n c e _______ ___________________
M edical insurance __________________________
Catastrophe insurance _____________________
R etirem ent pension ______________ ________
No health, in su ra n ce, or pension
plan ______ _____ _____ _____________________

6
63
54
31
9

t

75
72
45

6

'8
.

76

t

t

9
15
4
4
93
3

6

t

39
79
73

t

;6
67
39
7
79

4

22

21

22

33
67

9
85

41

79
74
45
4
56

t

-

16

4

8

88
84
52
4
59
3

22
14
t

6

5

68
-

E xcludes lim ite d -p r ic e va riety s to r e s . E stim ates are not com p a ra ble with those published in the p reviou s bulletins due to d iffe re n ce s in the m ethod o f cla s s ify in g ce rta in occu p ation a l g ro u p s.
Includes data for rea l estate in addition to those industry d ivision s shown s ep a ra tely.
Unduplicated total o f w orkers receiv in g sick leave o r s ick n e ss and a ccid ent insurance shown sepa ra tely below .
4 L im ited to a few la rge esta b lish m en ts.
f L ess than 2 .5 p ercen t.
O ccupational vVage S urvey, P hilad elp h ia, P a ., N ovem b er 1955
* T ra n sp ortation (excluding r a ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF LABO R
** F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and real esta te.
B ureau o f L a b or S ta tistics
1




21
A p p e n d ix ’ Job Descriptions
*

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u ’ s w a g e s u r v e y s is to
it s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in t o a p p r o p r i a t e o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r

a s s is t
a

v a r ie ty

and

of

fro m

ra tes

p a y r o ll

a rea

to

r e p r e s e n tin g

in te r a r e a
c a n tly

fr o m

in

jo b

s u p e r v is o r ^ ,

d iffe r e n t
is

c o m p a r a b le

th ose

tem p o ra ry ,

and
T h is

c o m p a r a b ility

a p p ly in g th e s e
in g

t it le s

area.

w ork

e s s e n tia l

jo b

use

in

a p p r e n tic e s ,

to

B ecau se

co n te n t,

in d iv id u a l

a^nd p r o b a t i o n a r y

ord er

co n te n t.

o f o c c u p a tio n a l

d e s c r ip tio n s ,

a rra n g e m e n ts

in

th e

le a r n e r s ,

fie ld

of

th is

or

e s ta b lis h m e n t

th e

jo b

th ose

on

p rep ared

t r a in e e s ,

of

are

to

e s ta b lis h m e n t

o c c u p a tio n a l

w age

in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t

d e s c r ip tio n s

r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s

b e g in n e r s ,

g r o u p in g

e m p h a s is

B u rea u ’s

e s ta b lis h m e n t s

t h e B u r e a u 's

fr o m

p e r m it

fo r

m ay
oth er

in s tr u c te d

h a n d ic a p p e d

d iffe r

and

s ig n ifi­

pu rp oses.

In

to e x c lu d e w o r k ­

w ork ers,

p a r t-tim e ,

w ork ers.

O f f i c e
B IL L E R ,

th a n
as

M A C H IN E
P r e p a r e s s ta t e m e n ts , b ills , a n d in v o ic e s o n a m a c h in e o th e r
o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s

an

to b illin g s

c id e n ta l

or

to

m a c h in e ,

s h ip p in g c h a r g e s

b illin g

are

B ille r ,

by

m a c h in e

(M o o n

ty p e

ty p in g

fro m

p e r fo r m
w age

of

(b illin g

H o p k in s ,

c o m b in a tio n

in v o ic e s

or
F or

o p e r a t io n s .

c la s s ifie d

m a c h in e
a re

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

m a c h in e ,

m a c h in e )

E llio t t

as
-

in ­

b ille r s ,

fo llo w s :
a

to

ord ers,

A

-

K eeps

a

set

of

-

C o n t in u e d

record s

r e q u ir in g

s p e c ia l
etc. ,

p rep are

in te r n a lly

a

k n o w le d g e

of

a n d e x p e r ie n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c ip l e s a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith
th e s tr u c t u r e o f th e p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n t in g
sy ste m
used.
D eter­
m in e s

prop er

record s

and

d is tr ib u tio n

of

d e b it

t o b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M ay
r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s

B u rrou gh s,

m a c h in e s )

pu rch ase

c le r ic a l w o rk
pu rp oses,

U ses

F is h e r ,

a n d a d d in g

cu stom ers'

oth er
stu d y

C la s s

O PE R ATO R

and

c r e d it

ite m s

p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d
by hand.

b illin g
C la s s

w h ic h

b ills

and

p rep ared

B

-

K eeps

a record

of

one or m o re ph ases

of a set of record s

u s u a lly r e q u ir in g

k e e p in g .

or

P hases

s e c t io n s

or

s e c t io n s

litt le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k ­

in c lu d e

a ccou n ts

p a y a b le ,

p a y r o ll,

ord ers,
s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d a ,
etc.
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n
o f p r e d e te r m in e d
d is c o u n ts
and
s h ip p in g
ch arges
and
en try
of

c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s im p l e t y p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d
u n d e r b ille r , m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in ­

n ecessary

v e n to ry

b illin g

e x te n s io n s ,

m a c h in e ,

b y m a c h in e .
ca rb o n c o p ie s
fa n fo ld

and

w h ic h m a y
to ta ls

or

w h ic h

m a y not

are

be

com p u ted

a u t o m a t ic a lly

T h e o p e r a t io n
u s u a lly in v o lv e s
o f th e b ill b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d

o n th e

a c c u m u la t e d

a la r g e n u m b e r o f
is o ft e n d o n e o n a

C LE R K ,

C la s s
a n t,

m a c h in e
m ay

or

b ills

(S u n d s tr a n d ,
p a rt

in v o lv e s

th e

record .

of

s a le s

of

m a c h in e )

E llio t t F is h e r ,

th e

a ccou n ts

s im u lta n e o u s

The

m a c h in e

th e d e b it o r

b o o k k e e p in g .

and

c r e d it

r e c e iv a b le

en try

of

-

U ses

a b o o k k e e p in g

R e m in g to n R a n d ,

c r e d it

b a la n c e s .

W ork s

fr o m

s u b s id ia r y

o p e r a t io n .

G e n e r a lly

cu stom ers'

u s u a lly

D oes not
and

fig u r e s
p r in ts

in v o lv e

a

s ta n d a rd

le d g e r
on

a

a u to­
k n o w l­

ty p es

p rop er

a c c o u n t in g

m a k in g

O PE R ATO R

F is h e r ,
out

S u n d stra n d ,

a t y p e w r it e r

B u rrou gh s,

k e y b o a r d ) to




m a c h in e

N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r ,

keep

a

record

of

b u s in e s s

R and,
w ith

or

in p r e p a r a t io n

th e a c c o u n t in g

of

tr ia l

d e p a rtm e n t.

e x a m in in g

p rop er

of a b ook k eep er or a ccou n t­

one o r m o re

s e c t io n s

r e la tin g to on e p h a s e

le d g e r s

W o r k in v o lv e s
su ch

and

as

a s s ig n a tio n s
a n d c lo s in g

and

of

an

a

or

ju d g m e n t

b a la n c in g
or

vou ch ers
and

a llo c a t io n s .

jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ;

com ­

e s ta b lis h ­

r e c e iv a b le

in v o ic e s

r e q u ir e s

of

p o s tin g an d

a ccou n ts

c o d in g

d is tr ib u tio n ;

E llio t t
o r w ith ­

tr a n s a c tio n s .

gen eral

a c c o u n t in g
w h ic h
t io n a l

B - U nder
o p e r a t io n s

M ay

a c­
w ith

e x p e r ie n c e
a s s is t

in

m a y d ir e c t c la s s

s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u tin e
su ch as
p o s tin g
s im p le
jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s ,

p a y a b le v o u c h e r s ;

r e c o n c ilin g
(R e m in g to n

record s

p r e p a r in g , a d ju s t in g ,
B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .
C la s s
a c c o u n t in g

b o o k k e e p in g

or

tr a n s a c tio n s .

le d g e r

p a y a b le ;

by
a

U n d er g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n

b u s in e s s

a ccou n ts

O p era tes

-

cou n ts
in

o r a s s is t

of

s lip s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

A

set of books

m e n t 's

and

u n ifo r m

p le te

cu stom ers'

on

M ay ch eck

co n tr o l sh eets fo r

r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r k e e p in g

e t c . , w h ic h

a c c u m u la t e s

and com p u tes

has

p rep a re

to

fig u r e s

a u t o m a t ic a lly

o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s

m a tic a lly
edge

(b o o k k e e p in g

m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d )

as

num ber

m a c h in e

etc.

and p rep a re

A C C O U N T IN G

m a c h in e .

B ille r ,

c o n tr o l,

b a la n c e s

bank

a ccou n ts;

le d g e r s .
and

T h is

b o o k k e e p in g

e n te r in g v o u c h e r s
p o s tin g
jo b

in v o u c h e r

s u b s id ia r y

does

not

p r in c ip le s

th e m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g w o r k
b a s is a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

le d g e r s

r e q u ir e

but
is

is

a

fo u n d

r e g is te r s ;
c o n tr o lle d

k n o w le d g e

of

in

in

s u b d iv id e d

o ffic e s
on

a

fu n c ­

22

CL E R K ,

FILE

C la s s A - R e sp o n sib le fo r m ain tain in g an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s te m . C la s s if ie s and in d exes c o rre s p o n d e n c e o r o th e r m a te r ia l;
m a y a ls o file th is m a te r ia l. M ay keep re c o r d s of v a rio u s typ es
in con ju n ction w ith file s o r s u p e r v is e o th e rs in filin g and lo c atin g
m a te r ia l in the f i le s .
M ay p e rfo rm in c id e n ta l c le r i c a l d u tie s .
C la s s B - P e r fo r m s ro u tin e filin g , u s u a lly of m a t e r ia l th at
has a lr e a d y been c la s s ifie d , o r lo c a te s o r a s s i s t s in lo c atin g m a ­
t e r i a l in the f i le s .
M ay p e rfo rm in c id e n ta l c le r i c a l d u tie s.
CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ’ o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e by
m a il, phone, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e an y c o m b in ation of the
fo llo w in g : Quoting p r ic e s to c u s to m e rs ; m akin g out an o r d e r s h e e t
lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eckin g p r ic e s and q u an titie s
of ite m s on o rd e r sh ee t; d is trib u tin g o r d e r s h e e ts to r e s p e c tiv e d e ­
p a rtm e n ts to be fille d .
M ay c h eck w ith c r e d it d e p a rtm e n t to d e t e r ­
m in e c re d it ra tin g of c u s to m e r, ackn o w led ge re c e ip t o f o r d e r s fro m
c u s to m e rs , fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e th at th e y h ave been fille d , keep
file of o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch ec k shipping in v o ic e s w ith o rig in a l
o rd e rs.
CL E R K ,

KE Y-PU N CH OPERATOR
U nder g e n e ra l s u p e rv is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i ­
b ilitie s , re c o r d s accou n tin g and s t a t i s t i c a l d ata on ta b u la tin g c a r d s
by punching a s e r ie s of h o les in the c a r d s in a s p e c ifie d seq u e n c e ,
u sin g an a lp h a b e tic a l o r a n u m e ric a l k e y -p u n c h m a c h in e , fo llo w in g
w ritte n in fo rm a tio n on r e c o r d s .
M ay d u p lic a te c a r d s by u sin g the
d u p licatin g d e vic e a ttac h ed to m a c h in e .
K e e p s f i le s o f punch c a r d s .
M ay v e r i f y own w o rk o r w o rk o f o th e r s .
O FFICE BOY OR GIRL
P e r fo r m s v a rio u s ro u tin e d u ties su ch a s ru nning e r r a n d s ,
o p e ra tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ch in es su ch a s s e a le r s o r m a i le r s , opening
and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .
SE C R E T A R Y
P e r fo r m s s e c r e t a r i a l and c l e r i c a l d u ties fo r a s u p e r io r in an
a d m in is tra tiv e o r e x ec u tiv e p o s itio n . D u ties in clu d e m akin g a p p o in t­
m en ts f o r s u p e rio r; re c e iv in g p e o p le com in g in to o ffic e ; a n s w e rin g
and m akin g phone c a lls ; handling p e r s o n a l and im p o rta n t o r c o n fi­
d e n tia l m a il, and w ritin g ro u tin e c o rre s p o n d e n c e on own in itia tiv e ;
taking d icta tio n (w here tr a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e is n ot u sed ) e ith e r in
sh orth an d o r by sten otyp e o r s i m i la r m a c h in e , and tr a n s c r ib in g d ic t a ­
tion o r the re c o rd e d in fo rm a tio n re p ro d u c e d on a tr a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e .
M ay p r e p a r e s p e c ia l re p o rts o r m e m o ra n d a f o r in fo rm a tio n of s u p e r io r .

PAYRO LL
STENOGRAPHER, GEN ERAL

C om putes w ag es of com p an y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s ­
s a r y data on the p a y r o ll s h e e ts . D uties in v o lv e : C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ’
e arn in g s b ased on tim e o r p ro d u ctio n re c o r d s ; p ostin g c a lc u la te d data
on p a y r o ll sh e e t, show ing in fo rm a tio n su ch a s w o r k e r 's n am e, w o rk in g
d ay s, tim e , r a te , deductions fo r in s u ra n c e , and to ta l w ag es due. M ay
m ake out p ay ch ecks and a s s i s t p a y m a s te r in m akin g up and d i s ­
trib u tin g p ay e n v e lo p e s.
M ay u se a c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n fro m one o r m o re p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in sh orth an d o r by sten o typ e o r s i m i la r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g a
n o rm a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la ry , and to tr a n s c r ib e th is d ic ta tio n on a ty p e ­
w r i t e r . M ay a ls o type fro m w r itte n c o p y. M ay a ls o s e t up and keep
file s in o r d e r , keep sim p le r e c o r d s , e tc .
D oes not in clu d e t r a n s c rib in g -m a c h in e w o rk (see tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a to r) .

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

P r i m a r y duty is to o p e ra te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th e ­
m a tic a l c o m p u tatio n s.
This jo b is not to be con fu sed w ith th at of
s ta tis tic a l o r o th e r type of c le r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e fre q u e n t u se of
a C o m p to m e te r but, in w h ich , u se of th is m ach in e is in c id e n ta l to
p e rfo rm a n c e o f o th e r d u tie s .

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n fr o m one o r m o re p e rs o n s ,
e ith e r in sh orth an d o r by sten o typ e o r s i m i la r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g a
v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s in le g a l b r ie fs o r
r e p o rts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h and to t r a n s c r ib e th is d ic ta tio n on a
ty p e w r ite r . M ay a ls o type fro m w r itte n c o p y . M ay a ls o s e t up and
keep file s in o rd e r, keep s im p le r e c o r d s , e tc .
D oes not in clu d e
tra n s c rib in g -m a c h in e w o rk .

DUPLICATING-M ACHINE O PERATO R (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD O PERATOR
U nder g e n e ra l s u p e rv is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y re s p o n ­
s ib ilitie s , re p ro d u c e s m u ltip le cop ies of ty p e w ritte n o r h a n d w ritte n
m a tte r, u sin g a m im e o g ra p h o r d itto m a c h in e . M akes n e c e s s a r y a d ­
ju stm e n t su ch as fo r ink and p a p e r feed c o u n te r and c y lin d e r sp eed .
Is not re q u ire d to p re p a r e s te n c il o r ditto m a s t e r . M ay keep file of
u sed s te n c ils o r ditto m a s t e r s .
M ay s o r t, c o lla te , and sta p le c o m ­
p leted m a te r ia l.




O perates a s in g le - o r m u ltip le - p o s itio n tele p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd .
D uties in v o lv e handling in co m in g, outgoing, and in tra p la n t o r o ffic e
c a lls .
M ay r e c o r d to ll c a lls and ta k e m e s s a g e s .
M ay g ive i n f o r ­
m a tio n to p e rs o n s who c a ll in, o r o c c a s io n a lly ta k e telep h o n e o r d e r s .
F o r w o rk e r s who a ls o a c t as re c e p tio n is ts s e e s w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r re c e p tio n is t.

23

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE O PERATO R, G EN ERAL - Continued

SW ITCH BOARD O PE RATO R -R ECEPTIO N IST
tio n
typ e
T his
tim e

In a d d itio n to p e rfo rm in g d u ties of o p e ra to r, on a sin g le p o s i­
o r m o n ito r -ty p e sw itc h b o a rd , a c ts a s re c e p tio n is t and m a y a ls o
o r p e r fo r m ro u tin e c le r i c a l w o rk as p a rt of re g u la r d u tie s .
typing o r c le r i c a l w o rk m a y take the m a jo r p a rt of th is w o r k e r 's
w h ile a t sw itc h b o a rd .

TABULATIN G-M ACH IN E OPERATOR
O p e ra te s m a c h in e th at a u to m a tic a lly a n a ly z e s and tr a n s la te s
in fo rm a tio n punched in g ro u p s of tabu latin g c a rd s and p rin ts t r a n s ­
la te d data on fo rm s o r accou n tin g re c o r d s ; se ts o r a d ju sts m a c h in e ;
d oes s im p le w ir in g of p lu g b o ard s ac c o rd in g to e sta b lis h e d p ra c tic e
o r d ia g ra m s ; p la c e s c a rd s to be tabu lated in feed m ag azin e and s t a r ts
m a c h in e . M ay file c a r d s a f t e r th ey a r e tabu lated . M ay, in ad d itio n ,
o p e ra te a u x ilia r y m a c h in e s .

in clu d ed . A w o rk e r who ta k e s d icta tio n in sh o rth an d o r by sten otyp e
o r s im ila r m a c h in e is c la s s ifie d as a s te n o g ra p h e r, g e n e ra l.
T YPIST
U ses a ty p e w r ite r to m ake cop ies of v a rio u s m a te r ia l o r to
m ake out b ills a f t e r c a lc u la tio n s h ave been m ad e b y a n o th er p e rs o n .
M ay do c le r i c a l w o rk in vo lvin g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , such as k e e p ­
ing sim p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o rts o r s o rtin g and d is ­
trib u tin g incom ing m a il.
C la s s A - P e r fo r m s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Typing
m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo rm fro m v e r y rou gh and in v o lv e d d ra ft; c o p y ­
ing fro m p la in o r c o r r e c te d copy in w h ich th e re is a fre q u e n t
and v a r ie d u s e of te c h n ic a l and u n u su al w o rd s o r fro m fo re ig n lan guage copy; com bining m a te r ia l fro m s e v e r a l s o u rc e s , o r
planning la y o u t of c o m p lica te d s ta tis tic a l ta b le s to m a in tain u n i­
fo r m ity and b alan c e in sp acin g ; typing ta b le s fro m rough d ra ft in
fin a l fo rm .
M ay type ro u tin e fo rm le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to
su it c irc u m s ta n c e s .

TRANSCRIBING-M ACHINE O PERATOR, GENERAL
P r i m a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d ictation in v o lv in g a n o rm a l
ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y fro m tr a n s c r ib in g m achin e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o
typ e fro m w r itte n cop y and do sim p le c le r i c a l w o rk . W o rk e rs t r a n ­
s c rib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u ­
l a r y su ch a s le g a l b r ie fs o r re p o rts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not

Professional

D R A FTSM AN ,

JUNIOR

(A s s is ta n t d ra fts m a n )
D ra w s to s c a le u n its o r p a rts of d raw in g s p re p a re d by d r a f t s ­
m a n o r o th e rs f o r e n g in e e rin g , c o n stru c tio n , o r m a n u fa c tu rin g p u r ­
p o s e s . U ses v a r io u s ty p e s o f d ra ftin g to o ls as re q u ire d . M ay p r e ­
p a r e d ra w in g s fr o m s im p le p la n s o r s k e tc h e s , o r p e rfo rm o th e r d u ties
u n d er d ire c tio n o f a d ra fts m a n .
D R AFTSM AN ,

LEADER

P la n s and d ir e c ts a c tiv itie s of one o r m o re d ra fts m e n in
p re p a r a tio n of w o rk in g p la n s and d e ta il d raw in g s fro m rough o r p r e ­
lim in a r y s k e tc h e s fo r e n g in e e rin g , c o n stru c tio n , o r m a n u fa c tu rin g
p u rp o s e s . D u ties in v o lv e a com b in ation of the fo llo w in g : In te rp re tin g
b lu e p rin ts , s k e tc h e s , and w r itte n o r v e r b a l o rd e rs ; d e te rm in in g w o rk
p ro c e d u re s ; a s s ig n in g d u ties to su b o rd in a tes and in sp ectin g th e ir w o rk ;
p e rfo rm in g m o re d iffic u lt p ro b le m s . M ay a s s i s t su b o rd in a tes d u rin g




C la s s B - P e r fo r m s one o r m o re of the fo llo w in g : Typing
fro m r e la t i v e ly c le a r o r typed d ra fts ; ro u tin e typing of fo r m s ,
in s u ra n c e p o lic ie s , e t c .; settin g up s im p le sta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s, o r
copying m o re c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y s e t up and sp aced p ro p e r ly .

and

Technical

D RAFTSM AN ,

LEAD ER - Continued

e m e rg e n c ie s o r as a r e g u la r a s s ig n m e n t, o r p e rfo rm
of a s u p e r v is o r y o r a d m in is tr a tiv e n a tu re .

re la te d d u ties

D RAFTSM AN , SENIOR
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g p la n s and d e ta il d ra w in g s fro m n o tes,
rough o r d e ta ile d s k e tc h e s fo r e n g in e e rin g , c o n s tru c tio n , o r m a n u ­
fa c tu rin g p u rp o s e s .
D uties in v o lv e a com b in ation o f the fo llo w in g :
P re p a rin g w o rk in g p la n s , d e ta il d ra w in g s , m a p s , c r o s s - s e c t io n s , e tc .,
to s c a le by u se o f d ra ftin g in s tru m e n ts ; m aking e n g in e e rin g com p u ta­
tio ns such as th o se in v o lv e d in s tre n g th of m a t e r ia ls , beam s and
t r u s s e s ; v e rify in g c o m p le ted w o rk , ch eckin g d im e n sio n s, m a te r ia ls
to be u sed , and q u a n titie s; w ritin g s p e c ific a tio n s ; m aking ad ju stm en ts
o r changes in d ra w in g s o r s p e c ific a tio n s . M ay ink in lin e s and le t t e r s
on p e n c il d ra w in g s , p r e p a r e d e ta il un its of c o m p lete d ra w in g s, o r
tr a c e d ra w in g s .
W o rk is fre q u e n tly in a s p e c ia liz e d fie ld such as
a r c h ite c tu r a l, e le c t r i c a l, m e c h a n ic a l, o r s tr u c tu r a l d ra ftin g .

24

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED )

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - C ontinued

A r e g is te r e d n u rs e who g iv e s n u rs in g s e r v i c e to i l l o r in ju re d
e m p lo yees o r o th e r p e rs o n s who b eco m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on
the p rem is'es o f a fa c to r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
Duties, in v o lv e a
com b in ation o f the fo llo w in g : G iving f i r s t a id to the i l l o r in ju re d ;
attending to su b seq u en t d re s s in g o f em p lo yees* in ju r ie s ; keep in g r e c o r d s
of p atie n ts tre a te d ; p re p a rin g a c c id e n t r e p o r ts fo r com p en satio n o r
o th e r p u rp o se s ; conducting p h y s ic a l e x am in a tio n s and h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s
of a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and plann in g and c a r r y in g out p ro g ra m s
in vo lvin g h e a lth ed u cation , a c c id e n t p re v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n of p la n t

e n v iro n m e n t, o r o th er a c tiv itie s
s a fe ty of a l l p e rs o n n e l.

Maintenance

a

a ffe c tin g

th e h e a lth , w e lf a r e ,

and

TRACE R
C opies plans and d ra w in g s p re p a r e d b y o th e r s , b y p la cin g
tra c in g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
U ses T -s q u a re , c o m p a ss, and o th e r d ra ftin g to o ls .
M ay p r e p a r e
sim p le d ra w in g s and do sim p le le tte r in g .

d

Powerplant

CARPEN TER , MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

P e r fo r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tru c t and
m a in tain in good r e p a i r building w o o d w ork and equipm ent su ch as b in s,
c r ib s , c o u n te rs , b e n c h e s, p a r titio n s , d o o rs , flo o r s , s t a i r s , c a s in g s ,
and tr im m ade of w ood in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of
the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g and la yin g out o f w o rk fro m b lu e p rin ts , d r a w ­
in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru c tio n s ; u sin g a v a r i e t y of c a r p e n te r's
h an d to o ls, p o rta b le p o w e r to o ls , and sta n d a rd m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ;
m aking s ta n d a rd shop com p u tatio n s re la tin g to d im en sio n s of w o rk ;
se le c tin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk . In g e n e ra l, the w o rk of
the m a in ten an ce c a r p e n te r re q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e
u s u a lly a c q u ire d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e sh ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n ­
ing and e x p e rie n c e .

O p erates and m ain tain s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e ra tio n
of s ta tio n a r y engines and equipm ent (m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r ic a l) to s u p ­
p ly the e sta b lis h m e n t in w hich em p lo yed w ith p o w e r, h e a t, r e f r i g e r a ­
tio n , o r a ir-c o n d itio n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s : O p e ratin g and m a in tain in g
equipm ent such a s ste a m en g in es, a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s , m o ­
t o r s , tu rb in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e f r ig e r a t in g eq u ip m en t, s te a m b o ile r s
and b o ile r -fe d w a te r pum ps; m ak in g eq u ip m en t r e p a i r s ; keep in g a
re c o r d of o p eratio n of m a c h in e ry , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l co n su m p ­
tio n . M ay a ls o s u p e rv is e th ese o p e ra tio n s . Head o r c h ie f e n g in e e rs
in e sta b lis h m e n ts em p loyin g m o re than one e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .

ELECTRICIAN , MAINTENANCE
P e r fo r m s a v a r i e t y o f e le c t r i c a l tra d e fu n ction s such as the
in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the g e n e ra tin g ,
d istrib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n of e le c tr ic e n e rg y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g d r re p a ir in g an y of
a v a r ie t y of e le c t r i c a l equipm ent su ch as g e n e r a to rs , t r a n s f o r m e r s ,
sw itc h b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to rs , h eatin g u n its,
conduit s y s te m s , o r o th e r tr a n s m is s io n eq uip m en t; w o rk in g fro m b lu e ­
p rin ts , d ra w in g s , la y o u t, o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g ­
nosing tro u b le in the e le c t r i c a l s y s te m o r equipm ent; w o rk in g s ta n d a rd
com p utations re la tin g to load re q u ire m e n ts o f w irin g o r e le c t r ic a l
equipm ent; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f e le c tr ic ia n 's h an d tools and m e a s u rin g
and te s tin g in s tru m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of the m a in ten a n ce
e le c tr ic ia n re q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c ­
q u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e sh ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and
e x p e rie n c e .




FIREM AN , STATIONARY BOILER
F ir e s s ta tio n a ry b o ile rs to fu r n is h the e sta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
em p lo yed w ith h eat, p o w e r, o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e by hand
o r o p e ra te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r, g a s , o r o il b u rn e r; c h ec k s w a te r
and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay c le an , o il, or* a s s i s t in re p a ir in g b o i le r room equipm ent.
H ELPER ,

TRADES, MAINTENANCE

A s s is ts one o r m o re w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten a n ce
tr a d e s , by p e rfo rm in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch
as keeping a w o rk e r supplied w ith m a t e r ia ls and to o ls ; c le a n in g w o r k ­
ing a r e a , m ach in e, and equipm ent; a s s is tin g w o r k e r by h olding m a ­
t e r i a ls o r to o ls; p e rfo rm in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ire c te d by j o u r ­
n eym an . The kind of w o rk the h e lp e r is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m v a r i e s
fro m tra d e to tra d e : In som e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to su p ­
p ly in g , liftin g , and holding m a te r ia ls and to o ls and cle an in g w o rk in g
a r e a s ; and in o th ers he is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e
o p e ra tio n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e th at a r e a ls o p e rfo rm e d b y w o r k e r s
on a fu ll-tim e ' b a s is .

25

M ACH IN E-TO OL O PE RATO R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e ra tio n of one o r m o re typ es of m ach in e
to o ls , su ch a s jig b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l o r s u rfa c e g rin d e rs , engine
la th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s in the c o n stru c tio n of m a c h in e -sh o p to o ls ,
g au g es, ji g s , f ix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g :
P lan n in g and p e rfo rm in g d iffic u lt m achining o p e ra tio n s ; p ro c e s s in g
ite m s re q u irin g c o m p lic a te d setu ps o r a high d e g re e of a c c u ra c y ;
u sin g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in s tru m e n ts ; s e le c tin g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g and o p e ra tio n seq u en ce; m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t­
m e n ts d u rin g o p e ra tio n to a c h ie v e re q u is ite to le ra n c e s o r d im e n sio n s.
M ay be r e q u ire d to re c o g n iz e when to o ls need d re s s in g , to d re s s to o ls ,
and to s e le c t p ro p e r c o o la n ts and cutting and lu b ric a tin g o ils .
For
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age stu d y p u rp o se s , m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a t o r s , to o lro o m ,
in to o l and d ie job b in g shops a r e excluded fro m th is c la s s ific a tio n .

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R e p a irs m a c h in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent of an e s ta b lis h ­
m en t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g : E xam ining m ach in es
and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to diagn ose s o u rc e of tro u b le ; d ism an tlin g
o r p a r tly d ism an tlin g m a c h in e s and p e rfo rm in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly
in v o lv e the u se of han d tools in s c ra p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; re p la cin g
b ro k en o r d e fe c tiv e p a r ts w ith ite m s obtained fro m sto ck ; o rd e rin g the
p ro d u ctio n of a re p la c e m e n t p a r t by a m ach in e shop o r sending of
the m achin e to a m achin e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p re p a rin g w ritte n
s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p ro d u ctio n of p a rts o rd e re d
fro m m ach in e shop; re a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s; and m aking a ll n e c e s s a r y
a d ju stm en ts f o r o p e ra tio n .
In g e n e ra l, the w o rk of a m ain ten an ce
m ech an ic r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d
through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e sh ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
E xcluded fro m th is c la s s ific a tio n a r e w o rk e r s w h ose p r im a r y d uties
in v o lv e settin g up o r a d ju stin g m a c h in e s .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
M ILLWRIGHT
P ro d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s
o f m e ta l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent o p e rate d in an e sta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g : In te rp re tin g w ritte n in s t r u c ­
tio n s and s p e c ific a tio n s ; planning ana layin g out o f w o rk ; u sing a v a ­
r i e t y of m a c h in is t’s h an d to ols and p re c is io n m e a su rin g in s tru m e n ts ;
se ttin g up and o p e ra tin g stan d a rd m achin e to o ls; shaping of m e ta l
p a r ts t,o c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m aking stan d a rd shop com p utations r e l a t ­
ing to d im e n sio n s of w o rk , to olin g , fee d s and sp eed s of m achin in g;
know ledge o f the w o rk in g p ro p e r tie s of the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g
sta n d a rd m a t e r i a ls , p a r t s , and equipm ent re q u ire d f o r h is w o rk ; fittin g
and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts in to m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent.
In g e n e ra l, the
m a c h in is t’s w o rk n o r m a lly re q u ire s a rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e shop p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through a fo rm a l a p p re n tic e sh ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

In s ta lls new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y equipm ent and d ism a n tles and
in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y equipm ent when changes in the p lan t la y ­
out a r e re q u ire d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g : P lanning and
la yin g out of the w o rk ; in te rp re tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th e r sp e c ific a tio n s;
using a v a r i e t y o f han d tools and rig g in g ; m aking stan d a rd shop c o m ­
p u tation s re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , s tre n g th of m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te rs of
g ra v ity ; alin in g and b alan cin g of equipm ent; s e le c tin g stan d a rd to o ls,
equipm ent, and p a r ts to be u sed ; in s ta llin g and m ain tain in g in good
o rd e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent such as d riv e s and speed r e ­
d u c e rs . In g e n e ra l, the m illw r ig h t’s w o rk n o r m a lly re q u ire s a rounded
tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ire d through a fo rm a l a p p re n ­
tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOM OTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R e p a irs a u to m o b ile s , b u ses, m o to rtru c k s , and tr a c t o r s of
an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g : E xam ining
a u to m o tiv e eq uip m en t to diagn ose s o u rc e of tro u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equipm ent and p e rfo rm in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se of such han d to o ls as w r e n c h e s , g au g e s, d r i ll s , o r sp e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is ­
a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; re p la c in g b ro ken o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fro m
sto c k ; grin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; re a ss e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the
v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts;
a lin in g w h e e ls , a d ju stin g b ra k e s and lig h ts , o r tigh ten in g body b o lts .
In g e n e ra l, the w o rk o f the a u to m o tive m ech an ic re q u ire s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly ac q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e ­
sh ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .




L u b ric a te s , w ith o il o r g re a s e , the m ovin g p a rts o r w e a rin g
s u rfa c e s of m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent of an e sta b lis h m e n t.
PAIN TER, MAINTENANCE
P a in ts and re d e c o ra te s w a lls , w o o d w ork, and fix tu re s of an
e sta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Know ledge of s u rfa c e
p e c u lia ritie s and typ es of p ain t re q u ire d fo r d iffe re n t ap p lic a tio n s;
p re p a rin g s u rfa c e fo r p ain tin g by re m o v in g old fin is h o r by p lacin g
p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o les and in te r s tic e s ; ap p lyin g p ain t w ith s p ra y
gun o r b ru s h .
M ay m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w h ite le a d , and o th er pain t
in g re d ie n ts to obtain p ro p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e ra l, the
w o rk of the m a in ten a n ce p a in te r re q u ire s rounded tra in in g and e x ­
p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e sh ip o r e q u iv a ­
le n t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

26

P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE

SH E E T -M E T A L W O RKER, MAINTENANCE - C ontinued

In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f pipe
and p ip efittin g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l­
lo w in g : L ayin g out o f w o rk and m e a s u rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n of pipe
fro m d ra w in g s o r o th e r w r itte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s
of pipe to c o r r e c t len g th s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e
to rc h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a c h in e ; th re a d in g pipe w ith sto ck s and d ie s ;
bending pipe by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r- d riv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
pipe w ith cou p lin gs and fa sten in g pipe to h a n g e rs ; m aking s ta n d a rd
shop com p utations re la tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e of pipe r e ­
q u ired ; m aking sta n d a rd te s ts to d e te rm in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip es m e e t
s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of the m a in ten a n ce p ip e fitte r
re q u ire s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d th rou gh a
fo rm a l a p p re n tic e sh ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e . W o rk e rs
p r i m a r i ly engaged in in s ta llin g and re p a ir in g building s a n ita tio n o r
heating s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .

and la yin g out a ll ty p es o f s h e e t-m p ta l m a in te n a n c e w o rk fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e ra tin g a l l
a v a ila b le ty p es of s h e e t-m e ta l-w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; using a v a r i e t y o f
h an d to ols in cu ttin g, bending, fo rm in g , sh a p in g , fittin g , and a s s e m ­
b lin g ; in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t i c l e s a s re q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t- m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d ed tra in in g
and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

P L U M B E R , MAINTENANCE
K eeps th e plum bing s y s te m o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t in good o r d e r .
W o rk in v o lv e s : K now ledge o f s a n ita r y cod es re g a rd in g in s ta lla tio n o f
v e n ts and tr a p s in plum bing s y s te m ; in s ta llin g o r re p a ir in g p ip es and
fix tu r e s ; opening clo gged d ra in s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p lu m b e r *s sn ak e .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce p lu m b e r r e q u ire s rou n d ed
tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e ­
ship o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .
SH E E T -M E T A L W O RKER , MAINTENANCE
F a b r ic a te s , i n s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in good r e p a i r the s h e e tm e ta l equipm ent and fix tu r e s (such as m ach in e g u a rd s , g re a s e p a n s ,
s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u te s , d u c ts, m e ta l ro o fin g )
of an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lanning

Custodial

and

ELEVATOR O PE RA TO R , PASSEN GER
T ra n s p o rts p a s s e n g e r s b etw een flo o r s of an o ffic e b u ild in g ,
a p a rtm e n t h o u se , d e p a rtm e n t s t o r e , h o te l o r s im ila r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk e rs who o p e ra te e le v a to r s in con ju n ction w ith o th e r d u ties such
as th o se o f s t a r t e r s and ja n ito r s a r e exclu d ed .
GUARD
P e r fo r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r a t fix e d p o st o r on
to u r, m ain tain in g o r d e r , u sing a r m s o r fo rc e w h e re n e c e s s a r y . Inclu d es g atem en who a r e sta tio n e d at gate and ch eck on identity~^of
e m p lo y ee s and o th e r p e rs o n s e n te r in g .




TOOL AND DIE M AKER
(D iem ak er; jig m a k e r; to o lm a k e r ;

fix tu r e m a k e r;

gauge m a k e r)

C o n stru c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p to o ls , g a u g e s, ji g s , f i x ­
tu re s o r d ies fo r fo rg in g s , punching and o th e r m e ta l- fo r m in g w o rk .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g and la yin g out o f w o rk
fro m m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l and w r itte n s p e c ifi­
c a tio n s; using a v a r i e t y o f to ol and die m a k e r *s h an d to o ls and p r e c is io n
m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; u n d erstan d in g o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f
com m on m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g o f m a c h in e to o ls
and r e la te d equipm ent; m aking n e c e s s a r y shop co m p u tatio n s re la tin g
to d im en sio n s o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a ttre a tin g o f m e ta l p a r ts during fa b ric a tio n a s w e ll a s o f fin is h e d to o ls
and d ies to a c h ie ve re q u ire d q u a litie s ; w o rk in g to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and asse m b lin g of p a r ts t o ‘ p r e s c r i b e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w ­
a n c e s; s e le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r i a l s , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In
g e n e r a l, the to o l and die m a k e r ’s w o rk r e q u ir e s a ro u n d ed tra in in g
in m a c h in e -sh o p and to o lro o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ire d th ro u g h a
fo rm a l a p p re n tic e sh ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s 8 -in d u s tr y w age stu d y p u r p o s e s , to o l and die m a k e rs
in to o l and die jobbing shops a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a tio n .

Materia 1

M ov e m e nt

JAN ITO R, PO R TER , OR CLEAN ER
(S w e e p e r; c h arw o m an ; ja n it r e s s )
C lean s and k e e p s in an o r d e r ly con d itio n fa c to r y w o rk in g
a r e a s and w a s h ro o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o ffic e , a p a rtm e n t h o u s e ,
o r c o m m e rc ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n
o f the fo llo w in g : Sw eepin g, m opping SUL s c ru b b in g , and p o lish in g flo o r s ;
re m o v in g c h ip s, tr a s h , and o th e r r e f u s e ; d u sting e q u ip m en t, fu r n it u r e ,
o r fix tu r e s ; p olish in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p ro v id in g su p p lie s
and m in o r m a in ten an ce s e r v i c e s ; c le an in g la v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and
re s tro o m s .
W o rk e rs who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ash in g a r e e x clu d e d .

27

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L HANDLING
(L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r; h a n d le r and s ta c k e r; s h e lv e r ; tr u c k e r ;
sto ck m a n o r s to c k h e lp e r ; w a re h o u se m a n o r w a re h o u s e h e lp e r)
A w o r k e r e m p lo y ed in a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t,
s t o r e , o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w h ose d u ties in v o lv e one o r m o re of
the fo llo w in g : L oading and unloading v a rio u s m a te r ia ls and m e rc h a n d is e on o r fro m fr e ig h t c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tra n s p o rtin g d e v ic e s ;
u npacking, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g m a te r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e in p ro p e r
s to ra g e lo c a tio n ; tr a n s p o r tin g m a te r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d is e by hand tru c k ,
c a r , o r w h e e lb a r ro w . L o n g sh o re m e n , who load and u nload sh ip s a r e
ex clu d e d .

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C L E R K - C ontinued
o th e r r e c o r d s ; ch eckin g fo r s h o rta g e s and re je c tin g dam aged goods;
ro u tin g m e rc h a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p ro p e r d e p a rtm e n ts; m ain tain in g
n e c e s s a r y re c o r d s and f i le s .
F o r w age stu d y p u rp o s e s , w o rk e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s ;
R ec e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
TRU CKD RIVER

ORDER F IL L E R
(O rd e r p ic k e r ; s to c k s e le c to r ; w a re h o u se stockm an )
F ills sh ipp in g o r t r a n s f e r o rd e rs fo r fin ish e d goods fro m
s to re d m e rc h a n d is e in a c c o rd a n c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s ,
c u s t o m e r s ’ o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tru c tio n s . M ay, in a d d itio n to fillin g
o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g ite m s fille d o r o m itted , keep re c o r d s of o u t­
going o r d e r s , re q u is itio n a d d itio n a l sto ck , o r re p o rt s h o rt su p p lies
to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r re la te d d u ties.
P A C K E R , SHIPPING
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u cts fo r sh ipm ent o r s to ra g e b y p la cin g
them in shipping c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e ratio n s p e rfo rm e d being
d epen d ent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and nu m b er of units to be p acked , the
typ e of c o n ta in e r e m p lo y ed , and m ethod of sh ipm ent. W o rk r e q u ire s
the p la c in g of ite m s in shipping c o n ta in e rs and m a y in v o lv e one o r
m o re of the fo llo w in g ; K n ow led ge of v a rio u s item s of s to c k in o r d e r
to v e r i f y con ten t; s e le c tio n of a p p ro p ria te type and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r;
in s e r tin g e n c lo s u re s in c o n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r o r o th e r m a te r ia l to
p re v e n t b re a k a g e o r d am ag e; c lo sin g and sea lin g c o n ta in e r; ap p lyin g
la b e ls o r e n te rin g id e n tify in g data on c o n ta in e r.
P a c k e rs who a ls o
m a k e w ooden b oxes o r c r a te s a r e exclu ded .
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d is e fo r sh ipm ent, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e ­
s p o n sib le fo r in co m in g s h ip m e n t of m e rc h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a ls .
Shipping w o rk in v o lv e s ; A know ledge of shipping p r o c e d u re s , p r a c ­
tic e s ] ro u te s , a v a ila b le m e a n s of tra n s p o rta tio n and r a t e s ; and p r e ­
p a rin g r e c o r d s o f the goods shipped, m aking up b ills of la d in g , p o s t­
ing w e ig h t and sh ipp in g c h a rg e s , and keeping a file of shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s i s t in p re p a rin g the m e rc h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e rify in g o r d ire c tin g o th e rs in v e rify in g
the c o r r e c tn e s s o l sh ip m e n ts a g a in st b ills o f lad in g, in v o ic e s , o r




D riv e s a tru c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t
m a t e r ia ls , m e rc h a n d is e , eq uipm ent, o r m en b etw een v a rio u s typ es of
e sta b lis h m e n ts such a s ; M an u fa ctu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d epo ts, w a r e ­
h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e t a il e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts and c u s t o m e r s ’ h ou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M ay a ls o
load o r unload tru c k w ith o r w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m ak e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l
r e p a i r s , and keep tr u c k in good w o rk in g o r d e r . D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e ex clu d ed .
F o r w age stu d y p u rp o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by s iz e
and typ e of eq uipm ent, a s fo llo w s ;
( T r a c t o r - t r a i le r should be ra te d
on the b a s is of t r a i l e r c a p a c ity . )
T ru c k d r iv e r
T r u c k d r iv e r,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
TRU CKER ,

(com b ination o f s iz e s lis te d s e p a ra te ly )
lig h t (under IV 2 tons)
m ed iu m (IV 2 to and inclu din g 4 to n s )
h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s, t r a i l e r ty p el
h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s, o th e r than t r a i l e r ty p e )

POW ER

O p e rate s a m a n u a lly c o n tro lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c tr ic -p o w e re d
tru c k o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t goods and m a te r ia ls of a ll kinds about
a w a re h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e sta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w age stu d y p u rp o s e s , w o rk e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by type of
tru c k , a s fo llo w s ;
T ru c k e r, p o w e r (fo rk lift)
T ru c k e r, p o w e r (o th er than fo r k lift)
WATCHMAN
M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te c tin g p ro p e r ty
a g a in st f i r e , th e ft, and ille g a l e n try .
U. S . G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E

: 1956 0 —

3 7 6 218


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102