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Occupational Wage Survey

PO R TLA N D , O REG O N
A P R IL 1 9 5 6

BLS

B u lle t in N o . 1 1 8 8 - 1 6

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
 James P. Mitchell, Secretary


BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Claguo, Commissioner

Occupational wage surveys were conducted in 18 major labor markets during late 1955 and early 1956. Bulletins for the following
areas are now available and may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C., or from
any of the regional sales offices listed below. As additional bulletins become available, they will be listed in subsequent issues.

Labor Market

Survey Period

BLS Bulletin
Number

Dallas, Tex.
Detroit, Mich.
Milwaukee, Wis.
Philadelphia, Pa.
New Orleans, La.
Denver, Colo.
San Francisco-Oakland, Calif.
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.
St. Louis, M
o.
Newark-Jersey City, N. J.
Lawrence, Mass.
Memphis, Tenn.

October 1955
October 1955
November 1955
November 1955
November 1955
December 1955
January 1956
December 1955
February 1956
December 1955
February 1956
February 1956

1188-1
1188-2
1188-3
1188-4
1188-5
1188-6
1188-7
1188-8
1188-9
1188-10
1188-11
1188-12

Price
30
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

For the convenience of users of BLS data, copies of bulletins may also be purchased from the following sales offices.




U. S. D epartm ent o f L a b o r
B ureau o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s
341 Ninth A ven u e
N ew York 1, N. Y .

U. S. D epartm ent o f L a b o r
B ureau of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s
18 O liv e r S treet
B o s to n 10, M ass.

U . S. D epartm ent o f L a b or
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta t is t ic s
50 S even th S treet, N. E .
A tla n ta 2 3 , G a.

L . S. D epartm ent o f L a b o r
B ureau o f L a b o r S ta t is t ic s
105 W est A dam s Street
C h ic a g o 3, 111 .

U. S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r
B ureau o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s
630 S a n so m e S tre e t
San F r a n c is c o 1 1, C a l i f .

O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y
PO RTLAN D, OREGON




A P R IL 1956

Bulletin No. 1188-16
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
June 1956

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

Price 25 cents







Contents
Page

I n t r o d u c t i o n ___________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ---------------------------------------- --------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------

1
3

T a b le s :
1.
2.

A:

B:

E s t a b lis h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y ---------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d p la n t o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , an d p e r c e n t o f i n c r e a s e
f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s ___________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________

2

3

O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s * A - 1: O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s ________________________________________________________________________________________________________
A - 2: P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s _______________________________________________________________________________
A - 3: M a in te n a n ce and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s _____________________________________________________ _________________________
A - 4 : C u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l- m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s _____________________________________________________________

5
7
8
10

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is i o n s * B - 1 : S h ift d i ffe r e n t i a l p r o v is i o n s ______________________________________________________________________________________________
B - 2 : Minijpnum e n t r a n c e ra te s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ____________________________________________ ;____________________
B - 3 : S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs ____________________________________________________________________ —-------------------------------------------B - 4 : P a id h o lid a y s _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________
B - 5 : P a id v a c a t io n s __________________________________________________________________________
B - 6 : H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s ___________________________________________________ ____ __________________________

11
12
13
13
14
16

A p p e n d ix :

J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations for most of these items are available in the Portland area reports
for June 1951, September 1952, September 1953, and A pril 1955. The 1953 report also provides
tabulations of wage structure characteristics, labor-management agreements, and overtime pay
provisions. The 1955 report also included data on frequency of wage payments, and pay pro­
visions for holidays falling on nonworkdays. A directory indicating date of study and the price
of the reports, as well as reports for other major areas, is available upon request.
Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage practices in the Portland
area are also available for machinery industries (February 1956), power laundries and dry
cleaners (June 1955), and office building service (May 1955). Union scales, indicative of pre­
vailing pay levels, are available for the following trades or industries: Building construction,
printing, local-transit operating employees, and motortruck drivers.
iii

17




T h e C o m m u n i t y W a g e Survey P r o g r a m

T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r Statistics regularly conducts a r e a w i d e
w a g e surveys in a n u m b e r of important industrial centers. T h e studies,
m a d e f r o m late fall to early spring, relate to occupational earnings a n d
related s u p p l e m e n t a r y benefits. A preliminary report is available o n
completion of the study in e a c h area, usually in the m o n t h following
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data not
included in the earlier report. A consolidated analytical bulletin s u m ­
m a rizing the results of all of the y e a r !s surveys is issued after c o m ­
pletion of the final area bulletin for the current round of surveys.

IV

Occupational W age Survey - Portland, Oreg. *
Introduction
T h e P o r t la n d a r e a is on e o f s e v e r a l im p o r t a n t in d u s t r ia l
c e n t e r s in w h ic h the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r f s B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s
h a s c o n d u c t e d s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d w a g e b e n e ­
f it s o n an a r e a w id e b a s i s . In e a c h a r e a , d a ta a r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d a g e n ts to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix
b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g
r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t ili t ie s ; w h o l e s a l e tr a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s t u d ie s , b e s id e s r a i l r o a d s , a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s an d th e c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d a l s o b e c a u s e th e y fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u ­
p a t io n s s t u d ie d to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n . *2 W h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e , s e p a r a t e
1
ta b u la t io n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the s tu d y and n o t the n u m b e r a c tu a lly
s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g e s ­
t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m
the s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e the r e la t iv e
im p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e do n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s d a ta .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W a ge P r o v i s i o n s
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d a l s o (in th e B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) o n s e ­
l e c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y b e n e fit s as th ey r e la t e
to o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s . T h e t e r m " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u s e d in
th is b u lle t in , in c lu d e s a ll o f f i c e c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s and e x c lu d e s a d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l p e r s o n n e l . " P la n t
w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( in ­
c lu d in g le a d m e n an d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c t io n s . A d m in is ­
t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n ic a l e m p l o y e e s , and f o r c e a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t io n e m p lo y e e s w h o a r e u t ili z e d a s a s e p a r a te w o r k
f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d . C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in
m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t a r e in c lu d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n ­
u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d o n a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s , and to in s u r e
p r o m p t p u b li c a t io n o f r e s u l t s . T o o b ta in a p p r o p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m i n i ­
m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f la r g e than o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s
i s s t u d ie d .
In c o m b i n in g the d a ta , h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e
g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t . E s t im a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b lis h m e n t s
s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e , a s r e la t in g to a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s in
the in d u s t r y g r o u p in g an d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e l o w the m in im u m
s i z e s t u d ie d .

S h ift d iff e r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B - l ) a r e lim it e d to m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d b o th in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 3 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t ,
and (b) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d o n the b a s i s o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly
e m p lo y e d o n th e s p e c i f i e d s h ift at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s h a v in g v a r ie d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t a p p ly in g to a m a jo r it y
w a s u s e d o r , i f n o a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y , the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
"o t h e r " w as u se d .

O c c u p a t io n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f
m a n u fa c t u r in g an d n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s . O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i ­
c a t io n is b a s e d o n a u n if o r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r ip t i o n s d e s ig n e d to take
a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u ties w ith in the s a m e jo b
( s e e a p p e n d ix f o r lis t i n g o f th e s e d e s c r i p t i o n s ) .
E a r n in g s d a ta a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) f o r the fo llo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a ­
t io n s :
(a) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (b ) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (c ) m a in t e ­
n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t ; an d (d) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t .

M in im u m e n t r a n c e r a t e s (ta b le B - 2 ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d on an e s t a b lis h m e n t , r a th e r
than o n an e m p lo y m e n t b a s i s .
S c h e d u le d h o u r s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id
v a c a t i o n s ; an d h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s a r e tr e a t e d s t a t i s ­
t i c a l l y o n the b a s i s th at th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e
w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a lly
q u a lify f o r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d . 4 B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g , su m s o f in d i­
v id u a l it e m s in th e s e ta b u la tio n s d o n ot n e c e s s a r i l y eq u a l t o t a ls .

D a ta a r e sh o w n f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to
w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le in the g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x ­
c lu d e d a l s o , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s and in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e i n ­
c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c ­
c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the w o r k s c h e d u le s (r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ­
ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a lf d o l l a r .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s is lim it e d to f o r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n t s , e x c lu d in g i n f o r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y tim e o f f w ith p a y is g r a n te d
at the d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r .
S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v id e d

3 A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v in g a p o l i c y i f it m e t
e it h e r o f the f o llo w in g c o n d i t io n s : ( l ) O p e r a t e d la t e s h ifts at the tim e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) h a d f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g la te s h ift s .
4 S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s ( f i r s t s e c t i o n o f
ta b le B - 3 ) a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o m e n o f f i c e
w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o f f i c e s w ith the in d ic a t e d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r w o m e n
w ork ers.

* T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 1 s r e g io n a l o f f i c e in
San F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , b y W il lia m P . C P C o n n o r , u n d e r the d i r e c t i o n
o f J oh n L . D a n a , R e g io n a l W a g e and In d u s tr ia l R e la t io n s A n a ly s t .
1 S ee ta b le 1 f o r m i n i m u m - s i z e e s t a b lis h m e n t c o v e r e d .
2 T h e t a b u la tio n o f m in im u m e n tr a n c e r a t e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e
w o r k e r s r e la t e s o n ly to p r o v i s i o n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d .




1

2

a c c o r d i n g to e m p l o y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u tin g v a c a t io n p a y m e n t s , s u c h
as tim e p a y m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f an n u a l e a r n in g s , o r f l a t - s u m a m o u n ts .
H o w e v e r , in the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a t i o n a l lo w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e ,
p a y m e n ts n o t o n a tim e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t
o f 2 p e r c e n t o f an n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s the e q u iv a le n t o f
1 w e e k 1s p a y .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
p la n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r ,
e x c e p t in g o n ly l e g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s s u c h as w o r k m e n 1 s c o m p e n s a t io n and
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y . S u ch p la n s in c lu d e th o s e u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l
in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y and th o s e p r o v i d e d th r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a id
d i r e c t l y b y the e m p lo y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu n d s o r f r o m a fu n d
s e t a s id e f o r th is p u r p o s e . D e a th b e n e fit s a r e in c lu d e d a s a f o r m o f
lif e in s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is l im it e d to th a t ty p e o f i n ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ich p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the in s u r e d o n a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s i s d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p la n s to w h ic h the
e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y d i s a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 5 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r ( l ) c o n ­
tr ib u t e s m o r e than is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r [Z) p r o v i d e s th e e m p lo y e e

w ith b e n e fit s w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u la t io n s
o f p a id s i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e li m i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s w h ic h p r o v i d e fu ll
p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 1 s p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b eca u se of illn e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la t io n s a r e p r o v i d e d a c c o r d i n g to
( l ) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y an d n o w a it in g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s
p r o v id in g e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r i o d .
In a d d itio n to the
p r e s e n t a t io n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s
and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d t o t a l is
sh ow n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e fit .
C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to as e x t e n d e d
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o s e p la n s w h ic h a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s an d in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d the
n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a li z a t io n , m e d i c a l , an d s u r g i c a l p la n s . M e d ­
i c a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v i d in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n t
o f d o c t o r s * f e e s . S u ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r it t e n b y c o m m e r c i a l i n ­
s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t i o n s o r th e y m a y b e s e l f in s u r e d . T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to th o s e
p la n s th at p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the w o r k e r * s
life .

5
T h e t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a l i f o r n i a an d R h o d e I s la n
do n ot r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s .

Table 1: Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Portland, Oreg. , 1 by major industry division, A pril 1956
Minimum Number of establishments
Workers in establishments
s iz e
establish­
Industry division
Within scope of study
Within
ment
scope of
Studied
in scope of
study
Total
Office
Plant
study 2
A ll divisions -----------------------------------------------66,400
101,400
17,600
51
145
522
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------49,900
3, 800
38,000
51
222
62
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------13,800
51,500
28,400
300
83
51
Transportation (excluding railroads),
communication, and other public utilities 4
3,300
7,900
20
15,100
51
51
Wholesale trade -------------------------------------9,300
18
51
85
(5)
(5 )
Retail trade --------------------------------------------23
17, 100
13,200
84
2 , 100
51
Finance, insurance, and real estate --------5,900
51
37
9
(? )
(?)
Services 6 -----------------------------------------------13
4, 100
43
51
(5 )
(5)
3

Studied
Total3
55,850
25,020
30,830
1 1 ,8 9 0

3, 190
10,990
3,080
1,680

1 Portland Metropolitan Area (Clackamas, Multnomah, and Washington Counties, Oreg.; and Clark County, Washington). The "workers within scope of study" esti­
mates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended,
however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the
use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum-size limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade,
finance, auto repair service, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
3 Includes executive, technical, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
4 Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation.
5 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries'" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A and B tables, although coverage was insufficient to
justify separate presentation of data.
6 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and
engineering and architectural services.




3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
T a b u la t e d b e l o w a r e in d e x e s o f s a l a r i e s o f w o m e n o f f i c e c l e r i ­
c a l w o r k e r s , and o f a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , th e in d e x e s r e la t e to a v e r a g e
w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s o f w o r k , that i s , the s t a n d a r d w o r k
s c h e d u le f o r w h ic h s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a r e p a id . F o r p la n t w o r k e r
g r o u p s , the in d e x e s m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s ,
e x c lu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i ­
d a y s , and la te s h i f t s .
T h e in d e x e s a r e b a s e d o n d a ta f o r s e l e c t e d
k e y o c c u p a t io n s an d in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a l ly im p o r t a n t jo b s
w ith in e a c h g r o u p . E ig h t e e n j o b s w e r e in c lu d e d in the o f f i c e c l e r i c a l
in d e x ; 10 s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e jo b s and 3 u n s k ille d jo b s w e r e in c lu d e d
in the p la n t w o r k e r i n d e x e s .
S ee fo o t n o t e s to ta b le 2 .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a l a r i e s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e th en m u lt ip lie d b y the a v e r a g e o f S e p t e m b e r 1952
an d S e p t e m b e r 1953 e m p lo y m e n t in the j o b . T h e s e w e ig h te d e a r n in g s f o r
in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n s w e r e th en a d d ed to o b ta in an a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h
o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p . F i n a l l y , the r a tio o f th e se g r o u p a g g r e g a t e s f o r a
g iv e n y e a r to th e a g g r e g a t e f o r the b a s e p e r i o d (s u r v e y m o n th , w in te r
1 9 5 2 -5 3 ) w a s c o m p u t e d an d the r e s u lt m u lt ip lie d b y the b a s e y e a r in d e x
(1 0 0 ) to g e t the in d e x f o r the g iv e n y e a r .

T h e in d e x e s m e a s u r e p r i n c i p a l l y the e f f e c t s o f ( l ) ge le r a l
s a la r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e ­
c e i v e d b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e jo b ; and (3) la b o r
tu r n o v e r o r f o r c e e x p a n s io n o r r e d u c t i o n .
A f o r c e e x p a n s io n m ig h t
i n c r e a s e the p r o p o r t i o n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u ­
p a tio n an d r e s u l t in a d r o p in the in d e x , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the
p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w o u ld h a v e the o p p o s it e e f f e c t . T h e
in d e x e s a r e a l s o a f f e c t e d b y s h ift s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s e m ­
p lo y e d b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith d if f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
the m o v e m e n t o f a h ig h -p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t o u t o f an a r e a c o u ld
c a u s e the in d e x to d r o p , e v e n th ou gh n o c h a n g e in r a te s o c c u r r e d in
o t h e r a r e a e s t a b lis h m e n t s .

T h e u s e o f c o n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s the e f f e c t s
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
c lu d e d in th e in d e x .
N o r a r e the in d e x e s in flu e n c e d b y c h a n g e s in
s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e , s in c e th ey
a r e b a s e d o n p a y f o r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r s .
I n d e x e s f o r the p e r i o d 1952 to 1955 f o r w o r k e r s in 17 m a jo r
la b o r
m a rk ets,
a p p e a r e d in B L S
B u ll. 1 1 7 2 , W a g e s and R e la te d
B e n e f it s , 17 L a b o r M a r k e t s , 1 9 5 4 -5 5 .

Table 2: Indexes of standard weekly salaries for office cle rica l1 and average straight-time hourly earnings for selected plant occupational groups 2
in Portland, Oregon, April 1955 and A pril 1956, and percent of increase for selected periods
Indexes
Percent increases from—
(September 1952 s 100)
September 1953 September 1952
A pril 1955
June 1951
June 1951
Industry and occupational group
April
April
to
to
to
to
to
1955
1956
A pril 1956
A pril 1955
September 1953 September 1952
A pril 1956
A ll industries:
5.2
4. 7
5.4
4.6
110.3
21.3
116.0
Office clerical (women) _ __ __ ___ __
5.5
6.8
115.0
22.8
4.9
3.9
Skilled maintenance (men) _ __ __ __
109. 6
3.0
5.4
7.7
22. 6
110.
Unskilled plant (men) _ __ __ __ __ __ __ _
4.9
113.9
Manufacturing:
5.0
4.0
4.3
5. 6
20.4
114. 6
110.0
Office clerical (women)_ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ _
4.6
7.4
23. 7
4. 7
115. 1
5. 1
Skilled maintenance (men) _ _ _ ___ ___
109. 6
6. 7
5. 5
21.6
116.0
112.5
3. 1
Unskilled plant (men) __ __ __ __ ___ __ __ __ _
4.9
1 Based on data for the following jobs:
Office clerical (women):
B illers, machine (billing machine)
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class A and B
Comptometer operators
Clerks, file, class A and B
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Key-punch operators
Office girls



Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Switchboard operators
Switchboard operatorreceptionists
Tabulating-machine operators
Transcribing-machine operators,
general
Typists, class A and B

2 Based on data for the following jobs:
Unskilled plant (men):
Skilled maintenance (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Carpenters
Electricians
Laborers, material handling
Machinists
Watchmen
Mechanics
Mechanics, automotive
Millwrights
Painters
Pipefitters
Sheet-metal workers
Tool and die makers




5

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-l: Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in P o r t l a n d , O r e g . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A p r i l 1 9 5 6 )
A vebaqe
Number
of
workers

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

$
3 0 . 00
under
3 5 . 00

$
3 5 . 00
4 0 . 00

$
4 5 .0 0

$
4 0 .0 0
4 5 . 00

$

$

$

$

5 0 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0
“
6 0 .0 0

"
6 5 .0 0

$

$

6 5 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

“
7 5 .0 0

$

$

75.00

7 0 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

"
8 0 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

$
$
$
$
1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0

“

9 5 .0 0

"

■

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

M en

89
35

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
8 6 .0 0
8 6 . 00
8 6 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------

57
44

4 0 .0
40. 0

6 7 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

C l e r k s , o r d e r ----------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------

285
65
220

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 0 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
7 7 . 50

-

-

-

"

*

1

-------------------------------

35

4 0 .0

7 9 . 50

-

_

-

O f f i c e b o y s ----------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------

86
39
47

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 9 . 50
4 4 . 50
5 3 . 50

_

_

-

-

-

T a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ----N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------

68

8 5 . 50
8 6 .0 0

-

49

4 0 .0
40. 0

P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ------------------------------------------------------------

124
26
98
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 8 . 50
6 l . 50
5 7 . 50
6 0 .0 0

B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e (b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e ) ------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------------- ;---------------

60
51

4 0 .0
40. 0

5 2 . 50
5 2 . 60

-

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ----------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------

64
32
32

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

6 9 . 50
6 8 .0 0
7 0 . 50

_

_

-

-

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B -----------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------------------------

439
57
382
34

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

55.
60.
54.
54.

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A ----------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------------------------

214
89
125
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
7 4 . 50
6 9 .0 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * -----------------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------------------------

523
138
385
59
147

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 0 . 50
5 9 .5 0
6 0 . 50
6 7 . 50
5 6 .0 0

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A -------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------

43
38

39. 5
3 9 .5

6 1 .5 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A ----M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * -------------------

137
48

C le r k s , p a y r o ll

28
12
16
6

23
11
12
5

23
12
11
10

4
4

5
5

_
-

25

18
4
14

73
7
66

37
9
28

36
11
25

6

7

6

_

5

10

15
6 r“
9
6

24
1
23
3

7
6
1

3

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
1

10
2

_

-

_

7
7

4

4
4

9
8

15
lQ

-

6
6

-

1
1

23
-

25
-

-

5
5

23

_

_

1

5

-

36
29
7

17
3
14

4
2
2

8
4
4

20
1
19

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

_

_

-

_

2
2

9
8

6
5

15
7

16
10

11
9

2
2

35

_

9
2
7

11

_

-

-

-

-

-

18
11
7
7

16
3
13
13

"
_

1

2
_
_

_
_

-

2
2

-

-

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

6
6

2
2

_
_

32
17
15

4
----------- p
3

22
8
14

2

1

4

-

-

-

3

_

.

1

_

_

_

_

_

.

_
.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

4
3

3
3

_

_

-

.

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) -----------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te a t en d o f ta b le .
*

T r a n s p o r ta tio n

(e x c lu d in g




50
50
50
50

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

_

-

35
8

26
26

13
13

15
6

5
5

-

1

_

_

>

_

.

-

_

_

~

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

9
6
3

5
3
2

3
2
1

10
5
5

1
”
1

5
1
4

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

13
1
12

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

11

-

-

_

~
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

-

-

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

21
4
17

60
1
59

160
24
136
18

60
21
39
3

32
10
22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
10
2
2

17
8

37
11
26
13

31
13
18
8

65
20
45
8

27
20
7

7
6
1

2
1
1

13

-

-

-

78
35
43

90
24
40
20

6
-

7
4
3
-

3

3
17

18
1
17
7
*3

21

66

27
5
22

5
4

7
5

-

1
1

_

_

26

88

-

-

-

-

-

-

26

-

-

-

88
8

4

_

_

_

3

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

3

-

-

-

23

_

_

_

-

-

53
14

-

23

39

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

6

36

36

95
40
55
3
29

_

_

_

1
1

5
3

17
17

61.00

a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

11

11
4

_

-

-

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,
r a ilr o a d s ),

5

19
5
14
3

108
------- T T ~
93

P o r tla n d ,

O r e g . , A p r il

9
3

6
--------5 ~

:

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

13

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

21
-

3
-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

_

_

-

*

*

-

1956
U .S .

D EPARTM EN T

OF

LABOR
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

6

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
in P o r t l a n d , O r e g . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A p r i l 1 9 5 6 )
A verage

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
3 0 .0 0 , 3 5 . 00
4 0 .0 0
4 5 .0 0
5 0 .0 0
5 5 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
6 0 .0 0
6 5 . 00
7 5 . 00
8 0 .0 0
and
under
3 5. 00
5 5 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
4 0 . 0C
4 5 .0 0
5 0 . 00
6 0 .0 0 6 5 . 0 0
7 0 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

$

$

,
$

%

100 . 00 1 0 5 . 0 0

110.00

1 1 5 .0 0

110.00

11 5 . 0 0

120 . 00

$

$

8 5 .0 0

9 0 . 00

9 0 .0 0

9 5 . 00 1 0 0 . 0 0

9 5 .0 0

$

1 0 5 .0 0

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d
C le r k s , file ,

c la s s B

---------------------------------------------------------------

3 9 .5
40. 0

$
4 8 .0 0

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------- ------------------P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * -------------------------------------------------------------

245
49
196
27

39. 5
4 0 .0

C l e r k s , o r d e r ----------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------------------------

105
25
80

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 9 .0 0
6 3 .0 0
5 8 . 00

M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------------------------------

278
116

6 4 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
6 3 . 50
6 9 . 50
5 7 .0 0

61.00

6

4 7 .0 0
5 5 . 50

-

-

94
4
90

61

38

11

27
7

27

20

7

9

9

6

18
7

23
7

31

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

2

12

11

16

30

_
-

3
-

5
-

34

99

3
-

5
-

12
21
2

17
5

52
28
24

-

-

3

5

18

-

5
-

14
-

103

5
5

11

51
4
47
33

3
3

44
59

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------------------------

496
127
369
107

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0

6 1 .5 0
6 0 . 50
5 4 .5 0

D u p l ic a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( m i m e o g r a p h o r d it t o ) ---------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------------------------

40
33

4 0 .0
4b. 0

5 5 .0 0
5 3 . 00

“

K e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * --------------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------------------------

254
64
190
94
32

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

62.00
6 0 . 00

1

1

-

-

6 2 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
5 2 . 50

1

1

-

-

1

1

4

10

“

O f f ic e g i r l s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

133
27

4
4

72

28

-

6

106

4 5 . 50
5 0 .5 0
4 4 .5 0

1

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------------------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1

66

S e c r e t a r i e s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * ------------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------------------------

518
187
331
99
63

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39. 5
39. 5
4 0 .0

7 5 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
6 3 .5 0

_
-

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

7

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l -----------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------------------------P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * -----------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------------------------

928
246
682
96
58

4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 3 .0 0
6 3 . 50
6 3 .0 0
6 4 . 50
5 2 . 50

_
-

_
-

11

50
14
36

113
25

-

-

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * ------------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------------------------

153
140
37
31

4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 0

5 3 . 50
5 3 . 50
6 3 . 50
4 9 . 00

_

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ----------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------- .-----------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------------------------

275

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
• 3 9 .5
40. 0

5 8 . 50
6 0 . 00
5 7 . 50
4 9 .0 0

111

_

-

-

-

7
7
7

- 49 -

12

50
3

3
3

22




c o m m u n ic a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .

_
_

.
-

-

-

3
3

4
4

-

-

-

43

?

1

1

15
7

-

36

8

6
1
1

1
1

1
1

-

-

1

8
6

21
1

59

38
15
19

8

1

21

46
13

12
12

6
6

7
4

7
4

3
3

4
-

15
3

54

60

4
-

12

37
14
23

-

22

5

II

H

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

_
_
-

_
_ •

-•

_
-

.
-

_
_
-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

31
5

9

30

_

2

2

26

7

28

_

_
_

-

-

-

“

-

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

5
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
_

_
-

-

-

84

-

-

9

14

10

63
33
30

-

-

10
■ 5 -

93
30
63
7

-

_

•
_

_

_

_
.
.

-

-

-

-

35
15

20
1

16
1

6

43
28
9

n
41
15
7

20
10

19
13

15

6

6

_

5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

6

_

-

.

_

-

-

.

.

8
20

9
5
4

2
11

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

16

29

7

11

33
17

3

~b

3
-

5
4

16
10

8

18

7

8

14
14
3

4
-

9
-

56
14
42
18

95
29

18
-

96
38
58
7
7

24

-

70
34
36
3
23

11

_

4
4

3
3

1
1

219
6?
152
41

171

60
111
21

92
24

10

5

2

16

12
12
12

5
5
5

-

11

1
-

88

11

1
21

27
-

1

-

29

29

27

20

-

-

25
1

-

1

6

11

12
171
3 1 '
138
13
3
35
27
14

h

l5
5

6

11

13

-

6

31

56

22
34

28
13
15

2

1

-

10

6

21

73
29
44

5

4

16

1

9

68
19

-

61

66

T 4
37

"

23
3

12
1

-

1

-

-

22

10

_

_

18
-

10
-

-

_
-

.
_

.
_

_

-

69
19
50
-

_
_

_
-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

32
17
15

19
18

15

1

-

-

_

-

-

-

13

-

-

1

7
7

-

-

*

S e e f o o t n o t e a t en d o f t a b l e .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,

3
3
-

5

_
-

-

P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * ------------------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------------------------

164
36

2
2

2

-

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

162

14
-------- 7 —

15
46
3

6

2

1

-

-

_

_

_

_
_

.

7

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in P o r t l a n d , O r e g . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A p r i l 1 9 5 6 )
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

$
3 0 . 00
and
under
3 5. 00

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

3 5 .0 0

4 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 . 00

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

100.00

$
$
$
1 0 5 . 0 0 110.00 1 1 5 . 0 0

4 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

55. 00

60.00

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

100.00

1 0 5 .0 0

110.00

1 1 5 .0 0

120.00

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d
v
T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
------------------------------------------------------------------------

35
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

69.00
68.00

T r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l ------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------------------------

201

4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9 .5

5 8 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
5 6 . 50

-

-

-

-

-

-

T y p i s t s , c l a s s A ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ----- -----------------------------------------------------------------

330

40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

60.00

_

_

6 4 .0 0
5 8 . 50

-

6 1 .0 0

-

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 1 .0 0
5 3 .5 0
5 0 .0 0
5 7 . 50
4 5 .0 0

6

11

-

-

6
6

11
11

59
142

98
232
52

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------------------------

570
156
414
90

P ublic utilities * ---------------------------------- ----------------R etail t r a d e -----------------------------------------------------------1
*

68

-

_

4
4
15
15

-

5

-

-

1 63
35
128
15

17

3
3

-

17

*

~

12
6
6
6

7
3
4
4

1
2

10

59
30
29
4

-

-

75
36

26

43

.

-

-

-

-

15

12

-

-

-

-

8

39
23
3

11

31
31

■

~

-

“

64
23
41

23

84
13
71
13

85
41
44

166

20

-

-

4
4

51
13
38

53
4
49
15

9

80
13
67

5
5

5
5

6
22

20

-

2

-

28

13
4

5
-

2
1

6

-

4
4

-

45

121
18

21

"

6

3

2

5

2
2

_

1
n

'

"

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

_

_

-

_
-

3

_

1

p_

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

"

_
"

-

_
•

_

.
-

H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in P o r t l a n d , O r e g . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A p r i l 1 9 5 6 )

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120 .00 125.00 130.00 135.00
and
and
under
nn
60. 00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 1 15.00 120.00 i ? c iV V 130.00 JLliL-QD over

Men
26
Draftsm en, senior ---------------------------------------------------------Draftsm en, ju n io r -------------: ---------------------------------------------

40.0

$
118. 00

“

”

“

115
98

40.0
40. 0

97. 50
9 ?. 00

■

■

_
-

44
28

40.0
40. 0

79. 50
79."0"0

■

“

5
5

1
1

16
10

40
33

40.0
40. 0

73. 00
73. 00

1

10
10

4
3

6
4

8
8

*
_
-

_
"

-

17
14

36
32

14
8

8
4

.
-

_
-

5
3

_

4
4

2
1

1
1

-

19
1T~-

■
■
24
24
_
-

10

-

7

-

9 .
g

3
-

2
------ T

3
3

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

'

“

■

-

~

8

1
-------j—

1
-

Women
N urses, industrial (reg istered ) -;---— - - — - __
Manufacturing — ------——----------------------—--------------------

1

“

_

_
“

H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .




O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,
U .S .

P o r tla n d ,

O r e g . , A p r il

1956

D EPARTM EN T O F LABOR
B u r e a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s

8

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in P o r t l a n d , O r e g . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A p r i l 1 9 5 6 )

NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv isio n

C a rp e n te rs , m ain ten an ce
— —
M anufacturin g __
__
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g....
...... _
P u blic u tilitie s *
_ ...........

—
____ _
..................
_ __
. _

E le c t r ic ia n s , m aintenance
............................ .
M anufacturin g
.... .
N onm anufacturing

_

300
275
25

..........
....

E n g in e e rs , s ta tion a ry
----M anufacturin g _ _ _ _ _ _
N onm anufacturing
_ _ . .

127
76
51
28

_ ~

Average
hourly
earnings

U nder
$
1. 50

$
2 .4 9
2 .4 i
2 .5 9
2 .4 2

*1. 50
and
under
. 60

1

-

-

—
2 .7 3

_
_
-

1.60

^ .7 0

$
1 .8 0

*1.90

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2.00

-

_
-

2 .4 9

*

-

-

-

-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

8
6

26

2.10

$

2.10
2.20

11

2.20

*2.30

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

*2.40
2 .5 0

*

*

2.60

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

^.00

^.10

2 .7 0

2.60

*2.70
2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

-

1
1

-

-

-

33

1
1

10
10
10

8

18
14
4
4

23
9
14
14

15
15
-

22
1

1
1

12

54
53

118
117

33
33
-

3
3
-

_
-

59
59
-

34

69
65
4

5
4

32

69
55
14

2
2

1
1
8
6

-

28
28

30
29

4
4

4
4

20

13

10
6

------- j—

_
-

4
4

2.00

*

-

-

-

23

9
3

1

-

9
------- T ~
-

1

32
------- T ~ ------ 14-1
4
18
14
4

10

—

53—

"
7
7

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

246
— P R -----51

2 .3 4
2 .3 4
2 .3 2

F ir e m e n , sta tion a ry b o ile r
M anufacturin g

127
“ Tog

2 .6 5

-

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m ain ten an ce
M anufacturin g
.............. .

192
"1 6 9

1 .9 7
1 .9 6

_

_
-

20
20

14
14

46
46

63
52

3

-

M a c h in e -to o l o p e r a t o r s , to o lr o o m
M an u factu rin g...
_ ......

47
47

2 .3 6
2 .3 6

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

M a ch in is ts , m aintenance
M a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________________
P u blic u tilitie s *_____________________________

224
195
29

2 .4 4
2 .4 5
2 .3 2

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

-

-

_
-

22
12
10

M e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e (m a in te n a n c e )__________
M anufacturin g
. .
N onm anufacturing
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s * ____________________________
R etail t r a d e _________________________________

546
114
432
323

2 .3 2
2 .2 9
2 .3 2
2 .3 3
2 .2 7

_
-

_
-

M e c h a n ic s , m ain ten an ce
_
_
M a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________________

384
369

2 .4 0
2 .4 0

_

_

“

-

M illw righ ts
M anufacturing

185
185

2 .4 3
2 .4 3

_

_
"

-

-

-

-

-

-

90
89

1 .9 6
1 .9 5

2

_

-

2

10
10

-

-

2
2

14
14

54
54

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

P a in te r s , m aintenance
M anufacturing
. ..
_ _ _
N onm anufacturing --------------------------------------------

87
61

2 .5 3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
"

2

2

4

3
1

-

8

6

_
_

2

13
------ 13
5

_
_

2

9
9
-

6

-

37
35

12

-

2
2
-

"

-

*

P ip e fit t e r s , m aintenance
M anufacturing
_
_

80

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

6

62

_

_

_

_

_

_

62

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

21

_

2

_

3

_

.

10
10

.

5
5

5
5

O ile r s
M anufacturing

.....
.........

...

..

___

.... _

68

26

2.10

2. 56
2.60

_

3
3

_

_
-

26

2

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

10
10
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

2

8

_

14
14
14

11

23

21
12
12

45
----- 33

3

12

99
32
67

348
55
293
252

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

7
7

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

81
81
-

24
24
-

12
8

2
2

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

30
15
15
15
-

5

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

35
35
35
-

48

20

-

10
10

35
35

15
15

33
29

39
39

146
139

_

_

_

_

7
7

13
13

165
165

_

_

78

2 .4 2
2 .4 2

-

-

"

-

-

-

4

4
4

S h e e t -m e t a lw o r k e r s , m a in ten a n ce __

28

2 .4 6

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

Tool and die m a k e r s __

20
20

2.66
2.66

_

_

_

.

.

.

.

_

_

2
3
3

M anufacturin g _

1

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m

*

T r a n s p o r ta tio n

p a y fo r o v e r tim e

(e x c lu d in g




and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,

r a ilr o a d s ),

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

h o lid a y s ,

an d la te

a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

s h ifts .

D E P A R TM E N T

-

30
30

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

9

-

-

_

_

11

_

-

S u rvey,

-

-

-

-

-

_

2

O F

_
-

2

-

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e
U .S .

7
7
7
-

_

-

_

___

-

4

12
12

_

1

22
22

-

63
65

11

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

P o r tla n d ,

4

O r e g .,

_

A p r il 1956

LABOR
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

9

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s 2 s t u d ie d o n an a r e a b a s i s
in P o r t l a n d , O r e g . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A p r i l 1 9 5 6 )

NUMBER OF WORKEES RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccu p a tion and in d u stry d iv is io n

Average
hourly
earnings

Under
$

1.00

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (w om en )
R eta il tra d e

.

_
_

_

25
2*5

$
1 .3 2
1 .3 2

1
1

125
125

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( m e n ) __ ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______ ______________________

1 .15
1.1 5

10
1<T

68

_ _

33
1 ,056
495“
561

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s (m en ) _ _
M an u factu rin g .............. .........
N on m an u factu rin g
P u b lic u tilit ie s *
_
R eta il tra d e ....
. _

102

204

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s (w om en )
N on m an u factu rin g
P u b lic u t ilitie s *_
_ .

131
107

62

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling
M an u factu rin g _
.............
.......
N onm an u factu rin g _ __ ____ ________ ____
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s * ____________________________
R etail t r s d e
.... .
.

O rd e r f il l e r s _
_
___
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________ __________ _______
N on m an u factu rin g
. _
R eta il trade .. . .
.
....... .

P a c k e r s , s h ip p in g . „
M a n u fa c t u r in g .. _
N on m an u factu rin g

__ _
__

R e c e iv in g c le r k s
_
M an u factu rin g _
N on m an u factu rin g
R e ta il trad e _

_ .......... .
____

Shipping c le r k s
_
M an u factu rin g
N on m an u factu rin g

__
.....

See
*

....

_

910
179
731
175

_______

r .
_ .. ____

(e x c lu d in g




1.10

$

1 .4 0

i .m

1 .40

1 .5 0

6
6

1.20

_
1 .3 0

9
9

9
9
9

16

1.20

2
2

16

$

™
1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

44
44
23

37
37
36

1 .5 4
1 .6 9
1 .4 2
1.63
1 .3 8

1 .36

_
_
_

10
10
_

59
15
44

_

11

-

4
4

1.43

5
--------- 5“

3
3
-

_

8
8

_

_

12

122
22

91

16

5

“

1.91
2 .0 4
1.63

*
-

32
32

31
24
24

44
30
23

7
7
7

6
1
1

7

3
_
3
3

15
4

20

_

_

4
4
4

4
4

8
6
2

-

6

1.91

2.06

178
41
137

11
11

53

33
-

11

11

_

144

92

22

3
-

63
45
18

32
28
28

1

17

22
22
2

331
72
259
29

~

-

1.8 9
~ T 7 ^>—
1 .83
1 .7 6

-

3
3
“

3
3

-

1
1
1

.
-

6
6
6

13
13
13

— 5-----3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

6

----- 9-------

1

4

2

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

S u rvey,

P o r tla n d ,

O r e g .,

_

6
6

■

~

11

1

2 .0 5

A p r il

2 .4 0

$

2 .5 0

$

2 .6 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

~

~

~

_

"

_
-

_
.

_
-

_
*
-

-

3
3
3

_
-

4

_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

“

~

-

-

6
0
20

.

.
_
-

.

-

_

_
_
_

-

■

_

21
6
15
6

35
*
35

160

42
118
118
_

6

16
14
2
2

152
152
47

225
35
190

116

8

40
9
_

_

24
_

20
4
2

_

_

_

-

“

~

~

~

“

"

21

6
6

8
8

7
7
“

1
1

_
■

.
-

8
5

6

3

3

18
7

62
6
56
17

4
17
7

63
------ 5----58

11
2

1
1

_

_

92
24
24

11

5
4

11

_
-

272
"T S 9
83
77

564
” 45-----518
89

■

2.10
2.02

$

2 .5 0

~

2
2
2

1.81
1.7 3
1 .8 4

%

2 .3 0
2 .4 0

67
67
_
_
_

122
17
6
8

1

60

18
14
4

2 .3 0

$

_

139

70
54

212

1
1

2.20

18

-

7
4
4

2.20

$

.

_

144
-------5 !
83

2.10

~

_

_

280
------- 5 F ~

2.00

2.00 $2.10

~

1.8 7
1 .90

1
1

$

1 .9 0

4

146
Io5
40
24

1
1

_

_

144
144

14
_
14
13

1 .9 0

1 . 8$

1
1

6
6

“

77
77
4
64

2
8

$

1 .9 0

7

_

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e
r a ilr o a d s ),

$

1 .9 2

fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le .

T r a n s p o r ta tio n

and
under

1.10

150
44
106
51

__ . . . .
_
....
. . ___
_
..........

...... _ ..... .......

1 ,0 9 4
----- i l S 658
219
119

1.12

1.00

$

13

■

20
20

■

12

2
10

"

4
------ ------ — 3------- ----- ------

4

-

1956
U .S .

D EPARTM EN T

OF

LABOR
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

10

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued
( A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s 2 s t u d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
in P o r t l a n d , O r e g . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A p r i l 195 6)

NUMBER OF WORKEB8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv isio n

Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k s _ ____

R etail trade

__ __

______________________

____

T r u c k d r iv e r s 3 ____________________________________
N onm anufacturing
P u blic u tilitie s * ___

T r u c k d r iv e r s ,

__ __
_______

________
__ ___

ligh t (under l 1 to n s )________
/*

N onm anufacturing

Average
hourly
earnings

189
--------7 T ~
116
45

$
2. 03
2. 05
2 .0 3
1 .9 5

2 ,5 3 4
6o9
1 ,9 2 5
1 ,2 9 6
285

2 .1 0
2 .1 4
2 .0 9
2 .0 5
2 .1 3

76
43
33

1 .9 2
"1 7 8 5 “ '
1 .9 7

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m ed iu m (lV z to and
1 ,4 1 0
2 .0 5
including 4 t o n s ) ----- ------------------------------Mann far tillin g
____
. . .
— w z r ■ 2"."09' "
N onm anufacturing
2 .0 5
1, 158
P u b lic u tilitie s *
____ . _ ................
887
2 .0 4
R etail trade ...
134
2 .0 9
T r u c k d r iv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a ile r type) _ _T _ ...... _
T
M anufacturin g
_
__
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________
P u b lic u tilitie s *_________________________

672
243
429
185

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s ,
other than t r a ile r t y p e ) _________ _______
M anufacturin g
_
___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________
P u b lic u tilitie s *
.

370
65
305
208

T r u c k e r s , p ow er ( f o r k l i f t ) ______________________
M anufacturin g
_______ ___
N onm anufacturing
_____ __ ________ _
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (oth er than fo r k lift)
M anufacturin g
W atchm en
_ ..........
M anufacturin g
_
_
N onm anufacturing
R etail trade _

375
262”
113

_______

1 .0 0
and
under
1 .1 0

$

1 .1 0
1 .2 0

$

1 .2 0
1 .3 0

1 .3 0
1 .4 0

$

1 .4 0
1 .5 0

1 .5 0

$

,
1.60

$

1 .7 0

2 .0 0

_
_

14
10
4
“

4
4
_

.
_
_

10
_
10
_

14
ll
3
3
_

_
_

5

_
_

_
_

■_
_

54
46
8
5
2

117
67
30
6
24

114
39
75
_

36
36
_

_

7
7
_

2
1
1

16

14

9
4
5

33
14
19

1
1

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

52
40
12

1 ,0 5 4
124
930
810
59

141
33
108
4
75

21
15
6
5
_

_
_
_
_

58
34
24
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

46
10
36
36

374
80
294
143

19
17
2
~

115
65
30
6

36
5
31
“

36
_
36
~

16
16
“

7
7

2
2

20

-

_

4
4

_
_

_
_

-

_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

10
_
10

4
4

_
*

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
•

_
-

3
_
3
3

_
-

_
-

~

■

2 .1 1

-

2 .0 9
2 .0 6

-

-

-

.

1 .9 9
1 .9 8
2 .01

_

_

_

_

-

_

i§

14
14

.

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

2 .1 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

45
45 .

22
20

60
40

2

20
2

-

-

1 .6 5

_

7

6

------ 2T5

1755

-

-

10
8

63

1.5 3
1.3 3

-

7

6

12
12
-

2

60
43
17
17

7

n

5

6

2 .7 0

654
153
501
195
191

_

-

2 .6 0

1 ,3 2 7
158
1 ,1 6 9
1 ,0 1 1
64

_

-

$ 2 .6 0
^

117
44
73
73
„

_
_
_

-

2 .5 0

57
41
16
3
_

4

-

$

“

_
"

2.16

2 .4 0

9
9
“

4
4

15

$

16
15
1
“

.

-

2 .3 0

_
_

_

-

$

37
14
23
12

_
*
_

_
-

2 .2 0

29
18
11
“

"

~

$

75
12
63
28

■

6
6

2 .1 0

2.10

~

_

$

2 .4 0

■

6
6

2.00

2 .3 0

5
5

“

$

2 .2 0

_

-

„
1 .9 0

1 .9 0

2 .2 2
2723
2 .2 0
2 .1 1

2.18

$

1 .8 0

_

_

1 .8 0

1.70

1 .6 0

_

_

%

_
_

46
46

26

$

_

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
2 D ata l i m i t e d t o m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d .
3 I n c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e a r 1 t y p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .




$

_

279

________
_
__

U nder
$
1 .0 0

$

_
_

_
-

“

4

70
2
68
68

30
— TO—
“

-

3
_
3
3

3
2
1
1

218
20
198
161

106
26
80
40

45
40
5

88
15
73

179
155
24

12
12

22
22

6
6

_
-

34
34

9
9

_

-

_

16
n

5

2 .5 0

_
_

_
"
24
24

8
----- g------

20

6
6

"

18
18

_

_

-

-

-

-

3

-

_

_

_

_

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.




11

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l: Shift Differential Provisions 1
P ercent o f manufacturing plant w ork ers—
(a)
In establishm ents having
form al provisions fo r —

Shift differential

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

(b)
A ctually working on—

Second shift

Third or other
shift

90.0

84.6

16.9

8 .4

83.9

8 4.6

15.3

8 .4

_________

56.0

4 6.0

11.6

6 .4

3 cents
____ ____ ..
_ _____ __ _ ________
4 cents
__ __________ ____ __ ____ ____ ____
__ __ ___
.
5 cents
_
6 cents ... ... _______ ______________________ ___________
7 cents
____ _
______ __
______ __
7 l c e n t s __________________ __________________________
/z
8 cents
_ __
_______ . . __ ____ _ __
9 cents
____ __ __ __
__
_____________ _____
10 cents
___
....
_
__ __
Over 10 and under 15 cents __________________________
15 c e n t s _________________________________________ ____
20 cents _ ___ _
____ ____

2 .5
1.5
6 .7
6 .4
14.8
4 .4
.5
13.1
2 .9
3.2
-

_
.9
1.5
15.3
3.8
.3
6 .9
2 .6
.7
13.9
.1

3.5

2 .6

.9

.1

3 .5

1.9
.7

.9

.1

1.1

5.2

.1

1.0

With shift pay differential __________________________________

Uniform cents (per h o u r). ___

Uniform percentage _____

10 percent
15 percent

_________

____

_ __ ______
__ _______ _______

__ __

___

__

_ ____ _
_____
__________ _____

.5
.3
1.6
3 .4
1.2
.1
2 .6
1.0
.9

.2
.3
2 .5
.4
.1
1.2
.1
.1
1.5

'

"
Full dayrs pay for reduced h o u r s _______________________
Full day*s pay for reduced hours plus cents
differential _ _ __
__
_
_ ___ ___
Other __

_____ _ __________

20.7

23.6

2 .1

.6

_______

__________

__

2 .6

7 .2

.6

.3

____

.. ___ __

__

6.1

No shift pay d iffe re n tia l_____________

1.6

1
Shift differential data are presented in term s o f (a) establishment p olicy, and (b) w orkers actually em ployed on late
shifts at the time of the survey. An establishm ent was con sidered as having a p olicy if it met either o f the following con ­
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the tim e o f the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late shifts.
O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,

P o r tla n d ,

U .S .

O r e g .,

D EP AR TM E N T

A p r il
O F

B u reau o f L a b o r

1956

LABO R

S ta tis tic s

12

Table B-2: Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1
Number of establishm ents with specified minimum hiring rate in—
Manufacturing
Minimum rate
(weekly salary)

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly h o u rs 2 of-—

A ll

A ll
schedules

Establishments studied _ __ _______

____

____

_

145

Number o f establishm ents with specified m inimum hiring rate in----

40

62

XXX

A il
schedules

83

A il
schedules

40

145

FOR INEXPERIENCED TYPISTS

Establishments having a specified m in im u m ______
$32.50
$35.00
$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50
$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$6 0 .0 0
$62.50
$65.00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$35 .00
$37.50
$40 .00
$42.50
$45.00
$47 .50
$50.00
$52 .50
$55..00
$ 57.50
$ 60.00
$ 62.50
$65 .00
$67.50

______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
_____ ..... .
....
______________________
......
. .
.... ______ _
.
______________________
_ . ._ _
_
. _

61

22

22

1
2
1

_
-

_

9

1

1

12
8
2
6
6
10

4
4
_
3

4
4

4

-

2

3

1
6

1
6

3
5
4
_
-

40

A ll
schedules

40

62

XXX

83

XXX

FOR OTHER INEXPERIENCED CLERICAL WORKERS

39

33

64

1
2
1
8
8

1
2
1

1
2
1
11

7
5
3
2
2

5
4
_
-

13
9
3

22

22

-

_

-

-

-

-

6

6

4

42

36

1
2
1
11

2
1

7
5
3

9
4
4
3

7

4
-

4
_
4
-

8

6

6

2
1

2

2

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

6

7
2

1
1
1

1
1
1

Establishments having no specified minimum ____

49

23

XXX

26

XXX

45

19

XXX

26

XXX

Establishments which did not em ploy w orkers
in this category _ _______ __ __
_____________

34

17

XXX

17

XXX

35

21

XXX

14

XXX

Data not a v a ila b le __________________________________

1

XXX

1

XXX

1

XXX

1

XXX

-

_

2

7

1
2
1

1

_

2
2

_

1

_

-

_

1
2

_

-

Based on standard weekly h o u rs 2 o f—

A ll
industries

XXX

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

_
-

Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced w orkers fo r typing or other cle rica l jo b s.
Hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their regular straight-tim e s ala ries. Data are presented for all workweeks com bined, and fo r the m ost com m on




_
_

workweek reported.

Occupational Wage Survey, P ortland, O r e g ., A p ril 1956
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau o f Labor Statistics

13

Table B-3: Scheduled Weekly Hours
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1-------j----------------------------------------------------------- R
PERCENT OP OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll w o r k e r s

__

___

_
_

__

__ __ __ ______

U n d e r 3 7 V2 h o u r s ___ _____ — __ — __________
3 7 V2 h o u r s
_
_ _____________ __ __ __ __ ___
O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s ___________________
4 0 h o u r s ___ ________________________________________ _
O ver 40 h ou rs _ . _
_ __ __ _________________ —

|

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

All
,
industries 3

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

8
6

t

4

t

84

97

t

t

96

100

100

6

t
t

3
94
3

-

Public
utilities*

100

100

Finance

Manufacturing

3

All
industries

t
- '
91

93
3

Retail trade

100

-

-

-

t

100

t

94
4

Data relate to wom en w ork ers only.
Includes data for w holesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately,
t L ess than 2 .5 p ercen t.
* Transportation (excluding ra ilroa d s), com m unication, and other public utilities.
1

Table W: Paid Holidays1
3
*
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Item

A ll w orkers

_

W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid holidays
.... .
L ess than 6 h o lid a y s ________________________
6 holidays
. . . . . . . . .
7 holidays _
8 holidays
Full days only
Plus 1 half day
9 holidays
1 0 holidays
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid holidays _ .... ... .. _ . ..

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Finance

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

99

98

89

89

88

92

33
34

88

t

_

_

98

t
t

31
41
27
27

_
-

_
_

t

49
36

64
32

10
6

4
4
t
t

_

t

_
_
_

_
_
_

t

3

55
28
4
4

4

+

47
39
t
f

_
_

11

21
21'

_

11

100

12

8

1 Estim ates relate to full-d ay holidays provided annually, as in ea rlier studies.
These are further divided between w orkers who re ceiv e m erely the indicated number o f full-day holidays,
and those who re ce iv e 1 or m ore half holidays in addition.
Includes data for w holesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Includes data for wholesale trad e, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
■ L ess than 2 .5 percen t.
f
* Transportation (excluding ra ilroa d s), com m unication, and other public utilities.
Occupational Wage Survey, Portland, O r e g ., A pril 1956
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




14.

Table B-5: Paid Vacations
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Vacation policy

A ll w orkers

All
.
industries1

Manufacturing

Public *
utilities *

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Finance

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities *

Retail trade

--------

100

100

100

100

10 0

100

100

100

W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations ____________ ____________________
L ength -of-tim e payment
____________________
Percentage payment _____________________

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

100

100

93
7

100
100

~

96
4

100
100

-

81

t

60
-

64
9
-

36

19
-

13

r
87
t

7
4
81
9
■

16
t
79
4

12
-

49
15
34
-

-------------------

--------------------------------

METHOD OF PAYMENT

-

~

“

AMOUNT OF VACATION PAY
A fter 1 year of service
Less than 1 week ___________________________
l week ______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks __________________
2 weeks
_________________________________________________
3 weeks _________________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ______________ _________

t

35
62

t
t

_

t

25
-

-

4

-

84
t
t

~

_

_

64

94

-

-

3
~

36
"

6
-

56

26

26
16

74
"

36
64
-

8

■

After 2 years of service
1 week
__ __________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _______________ _
2 weeks
__ __ _____________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ________________
3 weeks _____________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ------------ -------------

11

4
82
t
t
t

88

-

t

“

-

12
20

3

'

A fter 3 yea rs o f service
week ______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ---------------------------2 weeks
_____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks __________________
3 weeks
________________________________ ________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks -------- --------------------------1

t
t

95
t
t
t

t

5
85

t

100

9
-

96
4

91

96

100

4

-

-

-

67

18
34
45

“

~

t

t
95
t

100

“
"

3

t
97
t
t

~
100

“

A fter 5 years of serv ice
week ___________________________________________________
weeks __________________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks --------------------------------------3 weeks __________________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _________________________
1
2

96
T

-

t

9

f

See footnotes at end of table.
* Transportation (excluding railroa ds), com m unication, and other public utilities.




3

100

100

*

Occupational Wage Survey, Portland, O r e g ., A p ril 1956
U .S . DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of L abor Statistics

NOTE: In the tabulations of vacation allow ances by years of se rvice , payments other than "length of tim e,
such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, were converted to an equivalent tim e
basis; for exam ple, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week s p a y .

15

Table B-5: Paid Vacations - Continued1
2
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Vacation p olicy

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

All
i
industries

A ll w orkers ___________________________________

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

83

83
17

66
30
4

93
7

89

t
t

89

10

9

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

Finance

All
industries

,

Manufacturing

Public ^
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

AMOUNT OF VACATION PAY - Continued

A fter 10 yea rs o f serv ice
1 week
_ ...
_
2 w eeks ________________________ 1____________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks ______________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
--------------------------

t

15

t

t
t

71
- 29

94
6
•

A fter 15 yea rs of service
1 week ________________________________<
._______
2 weeks ______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks ______________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ___________________

_
33
f

65
t

_
41
3
56

_
16
80
4

_
54
46

t
t

52
46

t

_
25
75

_
71
29

t

_
25
67

71
29

8

-

51
3
46

A fter 20 yea rs of serv ice
1 week _______________________________________
2 weeks _ ___________________________________
_
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks
______________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ___________________
4 weeks and over ____________________________

24
t

70
t

.
32
3
63
-

4

t

24
-

30

.
16
73
4
7

_
54
46
-

t

47
t

N50
-

43
3
54
-

t

A fter 25 yea rs of serv ice
1 week ------------------------------------------------------------2 weeks ---------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
3 weeks
----------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks ___________________
4 weeks and over --------------------------------------------

_
59

t
17

63
7

_
16
73
4
7

_
54
17
29

1
2

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

•f
*

L e s s th a n 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r ta tio n (e x c lu d in g




r a ilr o a d s ),

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

an d o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .

t

46
t

t

40
t

46

56

6

t

■

sh o w n s e p a r a t e ly .

_
25
67

_
71
14

8

16

•

16

Table B4>: Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
PERCENT OF OFFICE W
ORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Type of plan

A ll w orkers

_________________________________

All
.
industries

100

M
anufacturing

Public ^
utilities *

100

100

Retail trade

100

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Finance

A
ll 2
industries

100

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilitiesv

Retail trade

100

100

100

38

W orkers in establishm ents providing:
Life insurance ____________________________
Accidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance ___ __ _______________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or b oth 3 ______________________
Sickness and accident insurance _______
Sick leave (full pay and no waiting
period) _______________________________
Sick leave (partial pay or waiting
p eriod )
_____________________________
H ospitalization insurance ---------- --------------Surgical insurance _______________________
M edical insurance _______________________
Catastrophe insurance __________________
Retirement pension ______________________
No health, insurance, or pension plan -------

85

86

83

35

70

83

71

41

56

7

29

45

57

8

32

70
45

75
50

96
41

30
16

71
61

72
71

100
51

42
30

38

47

56

11

6

t

17

10

8
76
76
69
9
74
6

84
83
74
4
60
10

17
51
51
38
4
80

9
47
47
44
9
23
32

9
78
78
71
3
49
12

t
88
68
81
44
12

45
55
55
45
96

12
62
62
52
14
30
18

Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
Occupational Wage Survey, P ortland, O reg. A p ril 1956
U .S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
L ea8 than 2. 5 percent.
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Transportation (excluding railroads), com m unication, and other public utilities.




17

Appendix: Job Descriptions
The p r im a r y p u rp o se o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u r e a u 's w age su rv ey s is to
a s s i s t its fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p r o p r ia te o ccu p a tio n s w o r k e r s w ho a re e m p loy ed under
a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e sta b lish m e n t to esta b lish m en t
and fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
This is e s s e n tia l in o r d e r to p e r m it the g rou p in g o f occu p a tio n a l w age
ra te s r e p re s e n tin g co m p a r a b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f this em p h a sis on in te re sta b lis h m e n t and
in te r a r e a co m p a r a b ility of o ccu p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip t io n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ifi­
ca n tly fr o m th ose in u se in in d ivid u al e sta b lish m e n ts o r th ose p r e p a r e d fo r oth er p u r p o s e s .
In
a p p ly in g th ese jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s a r e in stru cte d to exclu d e w o r k ­
ing s u p e r v is o r s , a p p r e n tic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , tr a in e e s , h andicapped w o r k e r s , p a r t -t im e ,
te m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

O f f ic e
B IL L E R ,

M ACH IN E

P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts , b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r
than an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a t ic ty p e w r ite r . M ay a ls o k eep r e c o r d s
as to b illin g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m oth er c le r i c a l w o r k in ­
c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b il l e r s ,
m a ch in e , a r e c la s s ifi e d b y typ e o f m a ch in e , as fo llo w s :
B ill e r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e) - U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g
m a ch in e (M oon H op k in s, E llio tt F is h e r , B u rro u g h s, e t c . , w h ich
a r e co m b in a tio n typin g and adding m a ch in e s ) to p r e p a r e b ills and
in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u rch a s e o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e tc .
U su ally in v o lv e s a p p lica tio n
o f p r e d e te r m in e d d isco u n ts and shipping ch a rg e s and en try o f
n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on the
b illin g m a ch in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la te d
b y m a c h in e .
T he o p e r a tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f
c a r b o n c o p ie s o f the b ill b ein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a
fa n fo ld m a ch in e .
B ill e r , m a ch in e (b ook k eep in g m a c h in e ) - U ses a b ook k eep in g
m a ch in e (S u n dstrand, E llio tt F is h e r , R em ington Rand, e tc . , w h ich
m a y o r m a y not h ave ty p e w r ite r k ey b oa rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s '
b ills as p a rt o f the a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e ra tio n .
G e n e r a lly
in v o lv e s the sim u lta n e o u s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r
record .
The m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la te s fig u r e s on a
n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l co lu m n s and com p u tes and u su a lly p rin ts a u to ­
m a t ic a lly the d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D oes not in v o lv e a k n o w l­
ed ge o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s fr o m u n iform and stan dard typ es o f
s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (R em ington Rand, E llio tt
F is h e r , Su ndstran d, B u r r o u g h s , N ational C ash R e g is te r , w ith o r w ith ­
out a ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a r d ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u sin ess tr a n s a c tio n s .



B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R - C ontinued
C la ss A - K eep s a set o f r e c o r d s re q u irin g a kn ow ledge o f
and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic book k eep in g p r in c ip le s and fa m ilia r ity with
the str u c tu r e o f the p a r tic u la r accou n tin g sy ste m u sed .
D eter­
m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d istrib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it item s
to be u se d in e a ch ph ase o f the w o rk .
M ay p r e p a r e co n so lid a te d
r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s by hand.
C la ss B - K eeps a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h ases o r se ctio n s
o f a se t o f r e c o r d s u su a lly re q u irin g little k n ow led ge o f b a s ic b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
P h a se s o r se c tio n s in clu d e a ccou n ts p a y a b le, p a y r o ll,
c u s to m e r s ' a cco u n ts (not in clu d in g a sim p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
under b il le r , m a c h in e ), c o s t d istrib u tio n , ex p en se d istrib u tio n , in ­
v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e t c .
M ay ch e ck o r a s s is t in p re p a ra tio n o f tria l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh eets fo r the a ccou n tin g d ep artm en t.
CLERK,

ACCOU N TIN G

C la ss A - U nder g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t­
ant, has r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r k eep in g one o r m o r e s e ctio n s o f a c o m ­
p le te set o f book s o r r e c o r d s rela tin g to one p h ase o f an e s ta b lis h ­
m e n t's b u sin e ss tr a n s a c tio n s . W ork in v o lv e s p ostin g and balan cin g
s u b s id ia r y le d g e r o r le d g e r s su ch as a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c ­
cou nts p a y a b le; exa m in in g and cod in g in v o ic e s o r v o u ch e rs with
p r o p e r a cco u n tin g d istrib u tio n ; r e q u ir e s ju d gm en t and e x p e rie n ce
in m ak in g p r o p e r a ssig n a tio n s and a llo c a tio n s .
M ay a s s is t in
p r e p a r in g , a d ju stin g , and c lo s in g jo u rn a l e n tr ie s ; m ay d ir e c t c la s s
B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .
C la ss B - Under s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e routine
a cco u n tin g o p e ra tio n s su ch as p ostin g sim p le jou rn a l v o u c h e r s ,
a cco u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , en terin g v o u ch e rs in v o u ch e r r e g is t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a cc o u n ts; p ostin g su b s id ia r y le d g e r s co n tro lle d
b y g e n e r a l le d g e r s .
This jo b d oes not r e q u ir e a know ledge of
a cco u n tin g and b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s but is found in o ffic e s in
w h ich the m o r e rou tin e accou n tin g w o r k is su bd ivid ed on a fu n c ­
tion a l b a s is am on g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

18
CLERK,

F IL E

C la ss A - R e s p o n s ib le fo r m ain tain in g an e sta b lish e d filin g
s y s te m .
C la s s ifie s and in d ex es c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o r o th e r m a t e r ia l;
m ay a ls o file this m a t e r ia l. M ay keep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s typ es
in co n ju n ctio n w ith file s o r s u p e r v is e o th e rs in filin g and lo c a tin g
m a t e r ia l in the f i le s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s.
C la ss B - P e r fo r m s rou tin e filin g , u su a lly o f m a t e r ia l that
has a lr e a d y been c la s s ifie d , o r lo c a t e s o r a s s is t s in lo c a tin g m a ­
te r ia l in the f i le s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u tie s.
CLERK ,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s 1 o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by
m a il, p h on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any c o m b in a tio n o f the
fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m ak in g out an o r d e r sh eet
listin g the item s to m a k e up the o r d e r ; ch e ck in g p r ic e s and q u antities
o f item s on o r d e r sh eet; d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d e ­
p artm en ts to be fille d .
M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d it d ep a rtm en t to d e t e r ­
m in e c r e d it rating o f c u s to m e r , a ck n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m
c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that they have been fille d , k eep
file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipping in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l
ord ers.

CLERK ,

K E Y -P U N C H O P E R A T O R
Under g e n e ra l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b ilit ie s , r e c o r d s accou n tin g and s t a t is t ic a l data on tabu latin g c a r d s
by punching a s e r ie s o f h o le s in the c a r d s in a s p e c ifie d s e q u e n c e ,
u sin g an a lp h a b etica l o r a n u m e r ic a l k e y -p u n ch m a c h in e , fo llo w in g
w ritte n in fo rm a tio n on r e c o r d s .
M ay d u p lica te c a r d s by u sin g the
d u plica tin g d e v ic e a ttached to m a c h in e .
K eep s file s o f punch c a r d s .
M ay v e r ify own w o rk o r w o r k o f o t h e r s .
O F F IC E BOY OR G IRL
P e r fo r m s v a rio u s rou tin e d u ties su ch as running e r r a n d s ,
o p e ra tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ch in e s su ch as s e a le r s o r m a i le r s , op en in g
and d istrib u tin g m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .
SECRETARY
P e r fo r m s s e c r e t a r ia l and c l e r i c a l d u ties fo r a s u p e r io r in an
a d m in istra tiv e o r e x e cu tiv e p o s it io n . D u ties in clu d e m a k in g a p p o in t­
m en ts fo r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p e o p le c o m in g into o f f ic e ; a n sw e rin g
and m aking phone c a lls ; handling p e r s o n a l and im p orta n t o r c o n f i ­
d en tia l m a il, and w ritin g rou tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on own in itia tiv e ;
taking d icta tio n (w here tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e is not u se d ) e ith e r in
shorthand o r by sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , and t r a n s c r ib in g d ic t a ­
tion o r the r e c o r d e d in fo rm a tio n r e p r o d u c e d on a tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e .
M ay p r e p a r e s p e c ia l r e p o r ts o r m e m o ra n d a fo r in fo rm a tio n o f s u p e r io r .

PAYROLL
ST E N O G R A P H E R , G E N E R A L

C om putes w a g es o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s ­
s a ry data on the p a y r o ll sh e e ts . D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s ’
earn in gs b a sed on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; p o stin g c a lc u la te d data
on p a y r o ll sh eet, show ing in fo rm a tio n su ch as w o r k e r 's n a m e, w ork in g
d ays, tim e , ra te, d ed u ction s fo r in s u r a n c e , and tota l w a ges du e. M ay
m ake out p a y ch e ck s and a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m akin g up and d i s ­
tributin g p ay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tio n fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in shorthand o r by sten oty p e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v olv in g a
n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y , and to tr a n s c r ib e this d icta tio n on a ty p e ­
w r it e r . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay a ls o s e t up and keep
file s in o r d e r , k eep sim p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D o e s not in clu d e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o rk (se e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r ).

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

P r im a r y duty is to o p e r a te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th e ­
m a tic a l co m p u ta tio n s.
This jo b is not to be c o n fu se d w ith that of
sta tis tic a l o r oth er type o f c le r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e fre q u e n t u se o f
a C o m p to m e te r but, in w h ich , u se o f this m a ch in e is in cid e n ta l to
p e r fo r m a n c e o f oth er d u tie s .

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tio n fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in shorthand o r by sten oty p e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v olv in g a
v a r ie d te ch n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as in le g a l b r ie f s o r
r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h and to t r a n s c r ib e this d icta tio n on a
ty p e w r ite r . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay a ls o s e t up and
k eep file s in o r d e r , keep sim p le r e c o r d s , e tc .
D o e s not in clu d e
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k .

T E C H N IC A L

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM E O G R A P H OR D IT T O )
SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R
U nder g e n e ra l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit ie s , r e p r o d u c e s m u ltip le c o p ie s o f ty p e w ritte n o r handw ritten
m a tte r, u sin g a m im e o g r a p h o r ditto m a c h in e . M akes n e c e s s a r y a d ­
ju stm ent su ch as fo r ink and p a p e r fe e d co u n te r and c y lin d e r sp e e d .
Is not r e q u ire d to p r e p a r e s te n c il o r ditto m a s t e r . M ay keep file o f
used s te n c ils o r ditto m a s t e r s .
M ay s o r t , c o lla t e , and sta p le c o m ­
p leted m a t e r ia l.



O perates a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s it io n telep h on e s w itch b o a rd .
D uties in v olv e handling in c o m in g , o u tg oin g , and in trap lan t o r o ff ic e
c a ll s .
M ay r e c o r d to ll c a lls and take m e s s a g e s .
M ay g iv e i n f o r ­
m a tio n to p e r s o n s w ho c a ll in, o r o c c a s io n a lly take telep h on e o r d e r s .
F o r w o r k e r s who a ls o a c t a s r e c e p t io n is t s s e e s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p tio n is t.

19

SWITCHBOARD OPERATO R-RECEPTION IST
tion
type
This
tim e

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

In addition to p erform in g duties of operator, on a single p o s i­
o r m on itor-ty p e sw itchboard, acts as recep tion ist and may a lso
or p e rfo rm routine c le r ic a l w ork as part of regu lar duties.
typing or c le r ic a l w ork m ay take the m a jor part of this w o r k e r ’ s
while at sw itch board.

TABULATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR
Operates m achine that autom atically analyzes and translates
inform ation punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints tra n s­
lated data on fo rm s or accounting re c o rd s ; sets or adjusts m achine;
does sim ple w irin g of plugboards a ccord in g to established p ra ctice
or d iagram s; p la ces ca rd s to be tabulated in feed m agazine and starts
m ach ine. May file ca rd s a fter they are tabulated. M ay, in addition,
operate a u xilia ry m a ch in es.

included. A w ork er who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or sim ila r m achine is cla ssifie d as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
U ses a typew riter to mabae cop ies of various m aterial or to
make out b ills after calculations have been made by another p erson .
May do c le r ic a l w ork involving little specia l training, such as keep­
ing sim ple r e c o r d s , filin g re co rd s and rep orts or sorting and d is ­
tributing incom ing m a il. *
C lass A - P e r fo r m s one or m ore of the follow in g: Typing
m a terial in final form from ve ry rough and involved draft; co p y ­
ing from plain o r c o r re c te d copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use o f technical and unusual w ords or from fo re ig n language copy; com bining m a terial from severa l so u rce s, or
planning layout of com plicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
fo rm ity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final fo rm .
May type routine form le tte rs, varying details to
suit circu m sta n ce s.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P r im a r y duty is to tran scrib e dictation involving a n orm al
routine vocab u la ry from tran scrib in g m achine r e c o r d s .
May a lso
type fro m w ritten cop y and do sim ple c le r ic a l work. W orkers tran ­
scrib in g dictation involving a varied technical or sp e cia lize d vocabu ­
la ry such as legal b riefs or reports on scien tific re s e a rch a re not

Professional

DRAFTSM AN, JUNIOR
(A ssistant draftsm an)
Draws to s ca le units or parts of drawings prepared by d ra fts ­
man or others fo r en gineering, construction, or m anufacturing p u r­
p oses.
Uses variou s types of drafting tools as requ ired. May p r e ­
p are drawings from sim p le plans or sketches, or p erform other duties
under d irection of a draftsm an.
DRAFTSM AN,

LEADER

Plans and d ire cts a ctivities of one or m ore draftsm en in
p rep aration of w orking plans and detail drawings from rough or p r e ­
lim in ary sketches fo r engineering, con struction, o r m anufacturing
p u rp o se s. Duties involve a com bination of the follow in g: Interpreting
b lu eprints, sk etch es, and w ritten or verbal ord ers; determ ining w ork
p ro ce d u re s ; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their w ork;
p e rfo rm in g m ore d ifficu lt p ro b le m s . May a ss is t subordinates during



C lass B - P e r fo r m s one or m ore of the follow in g: Typing
from rela tiv e ly cle a r or typed drafts; routine typing of fo rm s,
insurance p o lic ie s , e t c .; setting up sim ple standard tabulations, or
copying m o re com p lex tables already set up and spaced p rop erly.

and

Technical

DRAFTSMAN,

LEADER - Continued

em ergen cies or as a regular assignm ent, o r p e rfo rm related duties
of a su p e rv iso ry o r adm inistrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
P re p a re s working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough o r detailed sketches fo r engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing p u rp oses.
Duties involve a com bination of the follow in g:
P reparin g w orking plans, detail drawings, m aps, c r o s s -s e c tio n s , etc. ,
to s ca le by use of drafting instrum ents; making engineering com puta­
tions such as those involved in strength of m a te ria ls, beams and
tru sse s; verifyin g com pleted w ork, checking dim ensions, m aterials
to be used, and quantities; writing sp ecifica tion s; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or sp e cifica tio n s. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil draw ings, p rep are detail units of com plete drawings, or
tra ce draw ings.
W ork is frequently in a sp ecia lized field such as
a rch itectu ral, e le c tr ic a l, m ech a n ical, or structural drafting.

20

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A reg istered nurse who gives nursing s e rv ice to ill or injured
em ployees or other p erson s who b ecom e ill or suffer an accident on
the p re m ises of a fa ctory or other establishm ent.
Duties involve a
com bination o f the follow in g: Giving fir s t aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressin g of e m p lo y e e s 1 in ju ries; keeping re co rd s
of patients treated; preparing accident rep orts fo r com pensation or
other p u rp oses; conducting physical exam inations and health evaluations
of applicants and em p loyees; and planning and ca rryin g out p rogram s
involving health education, accident preven tion , evaluation of plant

environm ent, or other a ctivities
safety of all person nel.

Maintenance

affecting

the health, w e lfa re ,

and

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings p re p a re d by o th e rs, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracin g with pen or p e n cil.
U ses T -sq u a re , com p a ss, and other drafting to o ls .
May p rep are
sim ple drawings and do sim ple letter

and

Powerplant

CARPEN TER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

P e r fo r m s the carpen try duties n ece s s a ry to con struct and
maintain in good repair building w oodw ork and equipment such as bin s,
c r ib s , cou n ters, ben ch es, p artition s, d o o rs , flo o r s , s ta irs, ca sin g s,
and trim made of wood in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of
the follow in g: Planning and laying out of work from blu eprints, draw ­
ings, m o d e ls , or verbal instru ction s; using a va riety of c a rp e n te r’s
handtools, portable power to o ls , and standard m easuring instrum ents;
making standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of w ork;
selecting m aterials n e ce s s a ry for the w ork. In gen eral, the w ork of
the maintenance carpenter requ ires rounded training and exp erien ce
usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent train ­
ing and exp erien ce.

Operates and maintains and m ay a lso su pervise the operation
o f stationary engines and equipment (m ech anical or e le c tr ic a l) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which em ployed with p o w e r, heat, r e fr ig e r a ­
tion, or air conditioning.
W ork in volves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam en gin es, a ir c d m p r e s s o r s , g e n e ra to rs, m o ­
to r s , turbines, ventilating and re frig e ra tin g equipm ent, steam b o ile rs
and b o ile r -fe d water pumps; making equipment re p a irs; keeping a
r e c o r d of operation of m ach in ery, tem p era tu re, and fuel con su m p ­
tion. May a lso supervise these op era tion s. Head or ch ie f engin eers
in establishm ents employing m o re than one engineer are exclu ded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
P e rfo rm s a variety o f e le c tr ic a l trade functions such as the
installation, m aintenance, or rep air of equipment fo r the generating,
distribution, or utilization of e le c tr ic energy in an establishm ent.
Work involves m ost of the follow in g: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of e le ctr ic a l equipment such as g en e ra to rs, tr a n s fo r m e rs ,
sw itch boards, co n tr o lle r s , circu it b re a k e r s, m o to r s , heating units,
conduit sy stem s, or other tran sm ission equipment; working from b lu e­
p rin ts, draw ings, layout, or other sp ecifica tio n s; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the e le ctr ic a l system or equipment; working standard
com putations relating to load requirem ents of wiring or e le c tr ic a l
equipment; using a variety of e le c t r ic ia n ’s handtools and m easuring
and testing instrum ents.
In gen eral, the w ork o f the maintenance
e le ctricia n req u ires rounded training and exp erien ce usually a c ­
quired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent training and
exp erien ce.



FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary b o ile rs to furnish the establishm ent in which
em ployed with heat, pow er, or steam .
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a m echanical sto k e r, ga s, o r oil burn er; checks water
and safety valves.
May clea n , o il, o r a ss is t in repairin g b o ile r room equipment.
H ELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or m o re w o rk e rs in the skilled m aintenance
tra d e s, by perform ing sp e cific or gen eral duties o f le s s e r sk ill, such
as keeping a w orker supplied with m a teria ls and to o ls; cleaning w o rk ­
ing a rea , m achine, and equipment; a ssistin g w ork er by holding m a ­
teria ls or tools; perform ing other unskilled tasks as d irected by jo u r ­
neyman. The kind of work the h elp er is p erm itted to p e rfo rm va rie s
from trade to trade: In som e trades the h elper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding m a teria ls and tools and cleaning working
a rea s; and in others he is p erm itted to p e rfo rm sp e cia liz e d m achine
operation, or parts of a trade that are a ls o
p e rfo rm e d by w o rk e rs
on a full-tim e b asis.

21

MACHINE-TOOL, O PER A TO R,

TOOLROOM

S p ecia lizes in the operation of one or m ore types of m achine
to o ls, such as jig b o r e r s , cy lin d rica l or surface g rin d e rs, engine
lathes, or m illin g m achines in the construction of m ach in e-sh op to o ls,
gauges, jig s , fix tu re s , or d ie s . W ork involves m ost o f the follow ing:
Planning and p erform in g d ifficu lt machining operations; p ro ce ss in g
item s requiring com p licated setups or a high d egree of a ccu ra cy ;
using a v a riety of p r e c is io n m easuring instruments; selectin g fe e d s ,
sp eed s, tooling and op eration sequence; making n e ce s s a r y adju st­
m ents during operation to ach ieve requisite tolerances o r d im en sion s.
M ay be requ ired to re co g n ize when tools need d ressin g, to d ress to o ls,
and to s e le ct p ro p e r coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils .
For
c r o s s -in d u s t r y wage study p u r p o s e s , m a ch in e-tool op e ra to rs, to o lro o m ,
in tool and die jobbin g shops are excluded from this cla ss ifica tio n .

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m ach in ery or m echan ical equipment of an establish ­
m ent.
W ork involves m ost of the follow in g: Examining m achines
and m echan ical equipment to diagnose s o u rce of trouble; dismantling
o r p artly dism antling m achines and p erform in g repairs that m ainly
involve the use of handtools in scrap in g and fitting parts; replacing
broken or d efective parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacem en t part by a m achine shop or sending of
the m achine to a m achine shop fo r m a jo r re p a irs; preparing written
specification s fo r m a jo r rep a irs o r fo r the production of parts ordered
from m achine shop; rea ssem blin g m achines; and making all n ecessa ry
adjustm ents fo r operation.
In gen eral, the w ork of a maintenance
m echanic requ ires rounded training and exp erien ce usually acquired
through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or equivalent training and exp erien ce.
Excluded from this cla ss ifica tio n are w ork ers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting m ach ines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
P rod u ces rep lacem en t parts and new parts in making rep a irs
of m etal parts of m ech a n ical equipment operated in an establishm ent.
W ork involves m o s t of the follow in g: Interpreting w ritten in s tr u c­
tions and sp e cifica tio n s ; planning and laying out of w ork; using a v a ­
rie ty of m a c h in is ts handtools and p re cis io n m easuring instrum ents;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of m etal
parts to c lo s e to le ra n ce s ; making standard shop com putations re la t­
ing to dim ensions of w ork, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the w orking p rop erties of the com m on m eta ls; selectin g
standard m a te ria ls , p a rts, and equipment required fo r his w ork; fitting
and a ssem b lin g parts into m echanical equipment.
In gen eral, the
m a ch in ist's w ork n orm a lly requ ires a rounded training in m a ch in eshop p ra ctice u sually a cq u ired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and ex p erien ce.

Installs new m achines o r heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs m achines o r heavy equipment when changes in the plant la y ­
out are req u ired. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and
laying out of the w ork; interpreting blueprints o r other specification s;
using a va riety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop c o m ­
putations relating to s tr e s s e s , strength of m a te ria ls, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard to o ls,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
o rd e r pow er tra n sm ission equipment such as d rives and speed r e “
d u cers. In gen eral, the m illw rig h t's w ork n orm ally requires a rounded
training and exp erien ce in the trade acquired through a form a l appren­
ticesh ip or equivalent training and exp erien ce.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

L u b rica tes, with o il or g re a s e , the m oving parts or wearing
su rfaces of m ech a n ical equipment of an establishm ent.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

R epairs au tom obiles, buses, m otortru cks, and tra cto rs of
an establishm ent.
W ork involves m ost of the follow ing; Examining
autom otive equipm ent to diagnose sou rce of trouble; d isassem bling
equipment and p erform in g rep a irs that involve the use of such handtools as w ren ch es, gauges, d r ills , or specialized equipment in d is ­
a ssem b lin g or fitting p arts; replacin g broken or d efective parts from
stock ; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing the
variou s a ssem b lies in the veh icle and making n e ce ssa ry adjustm ents;
alining w h eels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body b olts.
In gen eral, the w ork of the autom otive m echanic req u ires rounded
training and exp erien ce usually acquired through a fo rm a l a p p ren tice­
ship o r equivalent training and exp erien ce.



Paints and re d e co ra te s w a ils, w oodw ork, and fixtures of an
establishm ent.
W ork involves the follow in g: Knowledge of su rface
p e cu lia rities and types of paint requ ired for different applications;
preparin g su rface fo r painting by rem oving old finish or by placing
putty o r fille r in nail holes and in te rstice s; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
M ay m ix c o lo r s , o ils , white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain p ro p e r c o lo r o r con sisten cy .
In general, the
w ork o f the m aintenance painter req u ires rounded training and e x ­
p e rie n ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and e x p erien ce.

22

PIPE FITTE R , MAINTENANCE

SH EE T-M ETA L WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or rep airs w ater, steam , gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the f o l ­
lowing: Laying out of w ork and m easuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other w ritten sp ecifica tion s; cutting various sizes
of pipe to c o r r e c t lengths with ch isel and ham m er o r oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting m achine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or p ow er-d riv en m achines; assem blin g
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to p re s s u r e s , flow , and size of pipe r e ­
quired; making standard tests to determ ine whether finished pipes m eet
sp ecifica tion s.
In general, the w ork of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and exp erien ce usually acquired through a
form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and exp erien ce. W orkers
p rim a rily engaged in installing and rep airin g building sanitation or
heating system s are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good o rd e r .
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary cod es regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or p lu m b er's snake.
In general, the w ork of the maintenance plum ber requ ires rounded
training and experien ce usually acquired through a form a l a p p ren tice­
ship or equivalent training and exp erien ce.
SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b rica tes, installs, and maintains in good rep air the sh eetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as m achine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lo ck e rs , tanks, ven tilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing)
of an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning

Custodial

and

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Diem aker; jig m aker;

T ransports p assen gers between flo o r s of an o ffice building,
apartment house, departm ent sto re , hotel or sim ila r establishm ent.
W orkers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and jan itors are excluded.
GUARD
P erform s routine p o lice duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining ord e r, using arm s or fo r c e where n e ce s s a ry . Includes gatemen who a re stationed at gate and ch eck on identity of
em ployees and other person s entering.

toolm ak er;

fixture m aker;

gauge m aker)

Constructs and repairs m a ch in e-sh op to o ls, gauges, jig s , f ix ­
tures or dies for forgin gs, punching and other m e ta l-fo rm in g w ork.
W ork involves m ost of the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of w ork
from m od els, blueprints, draw ings, o r other o ra l and w ritten s p e c ifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die m a k e r's handtools and p re c is io n
m easuring instruments; understanding of the working p ro p e rtie s of
com m on metals and a lloys; setting up and operating of m achine tools
and related equipment; making n e ce s s a r y shop com putations relating
to dim ensions of w ork, speeds, fe e d s , and tooling of m ach in es; heattreating of metal parts during fa b rica tion as w ell as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; w orking to c lo s e to le ra n ce s;
fitting and assem bling of parts to p r e s c r ib e d to lera n ces and a llo w ­
ances; selecting appropriate m a te ria ls, to o ls, and p r o c e s s e s .
In
general, the tool and die m a k e r's w ork re q u ires a rounded training
in m achine-shop and toolroom p ra ctice usually acqu ired through a
form a l apprenticeship or equivalent training and exp e rie n ce .
F or cr o s s-in d u stry wage study p u r p o s e s , tool and die m akers
in tool and die jobbing shops a re excluded from this cla ss ifica tio n .

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER




and laying out all types of sh eet-m eta l m aintenance w ork from blu e­
p rints, m odels, or other sp e cifica tio n s; setting up and operating all
available types of sh eet-m eta l-w ork in g m ach ines; using a va riety of
handtools in cutting, bending, fo rm in g , shaping, fitting, and a s s e m ­
bling; installing sh eet-m etal a rticle s as req u ired .
In gen eral, the
w ork of the maintenence sh eet-m etal w ork er req u ires rounded training
and experien ce usually acquired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or
equivalent training and exp erien ce.

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER,

OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; ja n itre s s)
Cleans and keeps in an o r d e r ly condition fa c to ry w orking
areas and w ashroom s, or p re m ise s of an o ffic e , apartm ent house,
or co m m e rcia l or other establishm ent. Duties involve a com bination
of the follow ing: Sweeping, m opping o r scru bbin g, and polish in g flo o r s ;
rem oving chips, trash, and other refu se; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtu res; polishing m etal fixtu res o r trim m in gs; providin g supplies
and m in or maintenance s e r v ic e s ; cleaning la v a to rie s, sh ow ers, and
re s tr o o m s .
W orkers who s p e cia liz e in window washing a re excluded.

23

LABORER, M A T E R IA L HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; sh elver; tru ck er;
stockm an or stock h elp er; warehousem an or w arehouse h elp er)
A w ork er em ployed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant,
s to re , or other establish m en t whose duties involve one or m o re of
the fo llo w in g : Loading and unloading various m aterials and m e rch a n ­
d ise on or from freigh t c a r s , truck s, or other transporting d e v ice s;
unpacking, shelvin g, or p lacin g m aterials or m erchandise in p rop er
stora ge location ; tran sportin g m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck,
c a r , or w h eelba rrow . L on gsh orem en , who load and unload ships a re
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C LE R K - Continued
other r e c o r d s ; checking fo r shortages and rejectin g damaged goods;
routing m erch an dise or m a terials to p ro p e r departm ents; maintaining
n e ce s s a ry re co rd s and file s .
F o r wage study p u rp oses, w ork ers are cla ss ifie d as follow s:
R eceivin g c le rk
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and receiv in g c le rk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER F IL L E R
(O rder p ick e r; stock s e le c to r ; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping o r tran sfer ord ers for finished goods from
stored m erch an d ise in a cco rd a n ce with specification s on sales s lip s,
c u s to m e r s ’ o r d e r s , or other instru ction s. May, in addition to fillin g
o rd e rs and indicating item s filled or omitted, keep re c o rd s of out­
going o r d e r s , req u isition additional stock, or report short supplies
to s u p e rv is o r, and p e rfo rm other related duties.

D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
m a te ria ls, m erch an d ise, equipment, or m en between various types of
establishm ents such as: M anufacturing plants, freigh t depots, w a re ­
h ou ses, w h olesale and reta il establishm ents, or between retail estab ­
lishm ents and c u s to m e r s ’ houses or places of business.
May a lso
load or unload truck with o r without h e lp e rs, make m inor m echanical
re p a irs, and keep truck in good working o rd e r . D riv e r-sa le s m e n and
o v e r -th e -r o a d d riv e rs a re excluded.
F o r wage study p u rp oses, tru ck d riv ers a re cla ssifie d by size
and type of equipment, as fo llo w s:
(T r a c to r -tr a ile r should be rated
on the b asis of tr a ile r capacity. )

PA C K E R , SHIPPING
P re p a re s finished produ cts for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping con ta in ers, the sp ecific operations p e rfo rm e d being
dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number of units to be packed, the
type of container em ployed, and method of shipment. W ork requ ires
the placin g of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or
m o r e of the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various items of stock in ord er
to v e r ify content; sele ctio n of appropriate type and size of container;
insertin g e n closu res in con tainer; using ex ce lsio r or other m a terial to
preven t breakage or dam age; closin g and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
P ack ers who a lso
m ake wooden boxes or cra tes are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C LERK
P re p a re s m erch an d ise fo r shipment, or re ce iv e s and is r e ­
spon sible for incom ing shipm ent of m erchandise or other m a te ria ls.
Shipping w ork in v o lv e s : A knowledge of shipping p ro ce d u re s, p r a c ­
tic e s , rou tes, available m eans of transportation and rates; and p r e ­
paring re c o rd s of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, p o s t­
ing weight.and shipping ch a rg es, and keeping a file of shipping r e c o r d s .
May d ire ct or a s s is t in preparin g the m erchandise fo r shipm ent.
R eceivin g w ork in v o lv e s: V erifyin g or directing others in verifyin g
the co r re c tn e s s of shipm ents against bills of lading, in v o ice s, or



T ru ck d river (com bination of sizes listed separately)
T ru ck d riv e r, light (under IV2 tons^
T ru ck d riv e r, medium (IV 2 ton and including 4 ton s)
T ru ck d riv e r, heavy (over 4 tons" tr a ile r type)
T ru ck d riv e r, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra iler type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a m anually con trolled ga so lin e - or e le ctric-p o w e re d
truck or tra cto r to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about
a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F o r wage study p u rp oses, w ork ers are cla ss ifie d by type of
truck, as follow s:
T ru ck e r, pow er (forklift)
T ru ck e r, pow er (other than fo r k lift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of p re m ise s p e rio d ica lly in protecting p rop erty
against fir e , theft, and illega l entry.
&

U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1956

0 — 391586


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102