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O c c u p a t io n a l W age S u r v e y

C H IC A G O , ILLINOIS
A P R IL 1 9 5 6

B L S B u lle t in N o . 1 1 8 8 - 1 5

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU OF LABOR S A I T C
TTSIS
Ewan C aguo, C m i s o e
l
omsinr




Occupational Wage Survey
C H IC A G O , IL L IN O IS




APRIL 1956

Bulletin No. 11188-15
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STAT S I S
ITC
Ewan Clagua, C
ommissioner
June 1956
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

Price 25 cents




Contents
Page

In trod u ction ---------------------------------------- .--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends fo r selected occupational g r o u p s ____________________________________________________________

1
3

Tables:
1.
2.

A:

B:

Establishm ents and workers within scope of s u r v e y -------------------------------------------------------------------Indexes of standard weekly salaries for office c le r ica l and average straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected plant occupational groups, and percent of in crease
for selected periods _____________________________________________________________________________
Occupational earnings * A - 1: O ffice occupations ____________________________
A - 2: P rofession a l and technical o ccu p a tio n s_______
A - 3: Maintenance and powerplant o ccu p a tio n s_____
A -4 : Custodial and material movement occupations
Establishm ent practices and supplementary wage provisions * B - l : Shift differential provisions ________________________________________________________________
B -2 : Minimum entrance rates for women office w o r k e r s _______________________________________
B -3 : Scheduled weekly hours _____________________________________________________________________
B -4 : Paid holidays _____________ _______________________________________________________ ___________
B -5 : Paid vacations ______________________________________________________________________________
B -6 : Health, insurance, and pension plans _____________________________________ _________________

Appendix:

Job descriptions _______________________________________________________________________________

* NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations for m ost of these item s are available in the C hicago area reports
for A p ril 1951, March 1952, M arch 1953, March 1954, and A pril 1955. The 1954 report also
provides tabulations of wage structure ch a ra cte ristics, labor-m anagem ent agreem ents, and
overtim e pay provisions.
The 1955 report also included data on frequency of wage payments,
and pay provisions for holidays falling on nonworkdays.
A d irectory indicating date of study
and the p rice of the rep orts, as well as reports for other m ajor areas, is available upon request.
C urrent reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage p ra ctices in the Chicago
area are a lso available for m achinery industries (February 1956), industrial chem icals (August
1955), wom en’ s and m isse s’ dresses (August 1955), hotels (July 1955), power laundries and dry
clea n ers (June 1955), office building serv ice (July 1955), and contract cleaning serv ice (July
1955). Union sca les, indicative of prevailing pay le v e ls, are available for the follow ing trades
or industries: Building construction, printing, lo ca l transit operating em ployees, and m otor­
truck d riv e rs.




iii

2
3
5
9
10
11

13
14
15
15
16
18
19




The Community Wage Survey P rogram
The Bureau of Labor Statistics regularly conducts areawide
wage surveys in a number of important industrial cen ters. The studies,
made from late fall to early spring, relate to occupational earnings and
related supplementary benefits. A prelim inary report is available on
com pletion of the study in each area, usually in the month follow ing
the payroll period studied. This bulletin provides additional data not
included in the ea rlie r rep ort. A consolidated analytical bulletin sum ­
m arizing the results of all of the y e a r 1s surveys is issued after c o m ­
pletion of the final area bulletin fo r the current round of su rveys.

Occupational W age Survey - Chicago, III *
Introduction
The Chicago area is one of several important industrial
centers in which the Department of Labor*s Bureau of Labor Statistics
1
has conducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage bene­
fits on an areawide basis. In each area, data are obtained by personal
visits of Bureau field agents to representative establishments within
six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation (excluding
railroads), communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies, besides railroads, are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted also because they furnish insufficient employment in the occu­
pations studied to warrant inclusion. 1 Wherever possible, separate
tabulations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually
surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among es­
tablishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational
structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earnings data.
Establishment P ractices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented also (in the B -series tables) on se­
lected establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate
to office and plant workers. The term ’’office w ork ers," as used in
this bulletin, includes all office clerical employees and excludes ad­
ministrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel. "Plant
workers" include working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (in­
cluding leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. Adminis­
trative, executive, professional, and technical employees, and forceaccount construction employees who are utilized as a separate work
force are excluded. Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in
manufacturing industries, but are included as plant workers in nonman­
ufacturing industries.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of the
unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments, and to insure
prompt publication of results. To obtain appropriate accuracy at mini­
mum cost, a greater proportion of large than of small establishments
is studied. In combining the data, however, all establishments are
given their appropriate weight. Estimates based on the establishments
studied are presented, therefore, as relating to all establishments in
the industry grouping and area, 2 except for those below the minimum
size studied.
Occupations and Earnings

Shift differential data (table B - l ) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 3 presented in term s of total plant worker employment,
and (b) effective practice, presented on the basis of workers actually
employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey. In estab­
lishmentshaving varied differentials, the amount applying to a majority
was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the classification
"other" was used.

The occupations selected for study are common to a variety of
manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Occupational cla ssifi­
cation is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take
account of inter establishment variation in duties within the same job
(see appendix for listing of these descriptions). Earnings data are
presented (in the A -se r ie s tables) for the following types of occupa­
tions: (a) Office cle rica l; (b) professional and technical; (c) mainte­
nance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material movement.

Minimum entrance rates (table B-2) relate only to the estab­
lishments visited.
They are presented on an establishment, rather
than on an employment basis. Scheduled hours; paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statis­
tically on the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office
workers if a majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually
qualify for the practices listed .4 Because of rounding, sums of indi­
vidual items in these tabulations do not necessarily equal totals.

Data are shown for full-tim e workers, i . e . , those hired to
work a regular weekly schedule in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on
weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are ex­
cluded also, but cost-of-liv in g bonuses and incentive earnings are in­
cluded. Where weekly hours are reported, as for office clerical o c ­
cupations, reference is to the work schedules (rounded to the nearest
half hour) for which straight-time salaries are paid; average week­
ly earnings for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest
half dollar.

The summary of vacation plans is limited to formal arrange­
ments, excluding informal plans whereby time off with pay is granted
at the discretion of the employer. Separate estimates are provided
3 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late shifts.
4 Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section of
table B-3) are presented in terms of the proportion of women office
workers employed in offices with the indicated weekly hours for women
workers.

* This report was prepared in the Bureau^ regional office in
Chicago, 111., by Woodrow C. Linn, under the direction of George E.
Votava, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See table 1 for m inim um -size establishment covered.
2 The tabulation of minimum entrance rates for women office
w orkers relates only to the provisions in establishments studied.



1

2

according to employer practice in computing vacation payments, such
as time payments, percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service,
payments not on a time basis were converted; for example, a payment
of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of
1 week’ s pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer,
excepting only legal requirements such as workmen*s compensation and
social security. Such plans include those underwritten by a com m ercial
insurance company and those provided through a union fund or paid
directly by the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund
set aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability. Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions, 5 plans are included only if the employer (l) con­
tributes m ore than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee

with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick-leave plans are limited to form al plans which provide full
pay or a proportion of the worker’ s pay during absence from work
because of illness. Separate tabulations are provided according to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
providing either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to the
presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided sickness
and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated total is
shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefit.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond the
normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans. Med­
ical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial payment
of doctors* fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com m ercial in­
surance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may be selfinsured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to those
plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of the w orker’ s
life.
5 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do not require employer contributions.

Table 1: Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Chicago, 111. , 1 by major industry division, A pril 1956
Minimum Workers in establishments
Number of establishments
size
establish­
Within scope of study
Within
Industry division
ment
Dtuuieu
scope of
in scope of
Plant
Total 3
Office
study
study 2
693, 500
427
1, 086,600
223,000
3, 067
A ll divisions _________________________________
463,400
634,500
165
89,300
1, 306
Manufacturing ________________________________
101
230,100
133,700
452,100
1,761
262
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
Transportation (excluding railroads),
47,300
21,100
86,400
32
122
101
communication,and other public utilities4 _____
36,400
79,700
23,500
59
51
579
Wholesale trade ________________________ ..___
96,200
25,100
135,900
207
101
49
Retail trade ________________________________
5 8,800
49,400
78,400
364
51
51
Finance, insurance, and real estate __________
41,400
14,600
71, 700
71
51
489
Services6 _________________________________

Studied
Total3
516,330
273,220
243, 110
68,490
17,630
97,910
34,910
24,170

1 The Chicago Area (Cook County). The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and
composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment indexes
to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishmentdata compiled considerably in advance of the pay period
studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum-size limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade,
finance, auto repair service, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
3 Includes executive, technical, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
4 Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation. Chicago*s transit system is municipally operated and, therefore, excluded by definition
from the scope of the studies.
5 Estimate relates to real estate establishments only.
6 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and
engineering and architectural services.



3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Tabulated below are indexes of salaries of women office c le r i­
cal w orkers, and of average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office cle rica l w orkers, the indexes relate to average
weekly salaries for normal hours of work, that is, the standard work
schedule for which straight-tim e salaries are paid. For plant worker
groups, the indexes measure changes in straight-time hourly earnings,
excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holi­
days, and late shifts.
The indexes are based on data for selected
key occupations and include most of the numerically important jobs
within each group. Eighteen jobs were included in the office clerical
index; 10 skilled maintenance jobs and 3 unskilled jobs were included
in the plant worker indexes. See footnotes to table 2.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by the average of March 1953
and March 1954 employment in the job. These weighted earnings for
individual occupations were then added to obtain an aggregate for each
occupational group. Finally, the ratio of these group aggregates for a
given year to the aggregate for the base period (survey month, winter
1952-53) was computed and the result multiplied by the base year index
(100) to get the index for the given year.

The indexes measure principally the effects of (l) general
salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other increases in pay re ­
ceived by individual workers while in the same job; and (3) labor
turnover or force expansion or reduction. A force expansion might
increase the proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occu­
pation and result in a drop in the index, whereas a reduction in the
proportion of lower paid workers would have the opposite effect. The
indexes are also affected by shifts in the proportion of workers em­
ployed by establishments with different pay levels. For example,
the movement of a high-paying establishment out of an area could
cause the index to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in
other area establishments.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effects
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the index. Nor are the indexes influenced by changes in
standard work schedules or in premium pay for overtime, since they
are based on pay for straight-time hours.
Indexes for the period 1952 to 1955 for workers in 17 major
labor markets, appeared in BLS Bull. 1172, Wages and Related
Benefits, 17 Labor Markets, 1954-55.

Table 2: Indexes of standard weekly salaries for office clerical1 and average straight-time hourly earnings for selected plant occupational groups 2
in Chicago, 111. , A pril 1955 and A pril 1956 and percent of increase for selected periods
Indexes
Percent increases from—
(March 1953 = 100)
Industry and occupational group
A pril 1955
March 1954
March 1953
March 1952
March 1952
April
A pril
to
to
to
to
to
1956
1955
April 1956
April 1955
March 1954
March 1953
April 1956
A ll industries:
Office clerical (women) _ __ __ __ __ __ __
114.3
3.6
4.3
5.8
5.7
20.7
109. 5
115. 5
Skilled maintenance (men)____________________
1 0 9 .8
5. 1
3.3
6.3
6. 5
23.0
Unskilled plant (men) __ __ ______ „ ___ __ _
114.4
4.6
3.5
5.7
20.0
109. 4
4.9
Manufacturing:
Office clerical (women) _
_ _____
114.4
3.4
109.8
6.2
4.2
5.2
20.3
Skilled maintenance (men)_________ _____ __ _
115.4
109.0
5.8
3.1
5.8
6. 1
22.4
Unskilled plant (men) ___ _________ ___ _ _
113.0
2.7
107. 6
5.0
4.8
6.6
20.5
1 Based on data for the following jobs:
Office clerical (women):
B illers, machine (billing machine)
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B
Comptometer operators
Clerks, file, class A and B
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Key-punch operators
Office girls
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Switchboard operators
Switchboard operator-receptionists
 Tabulating-machine operators
Transcribing-machine operators, general
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
Typists, class A and B
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

2 Based on data for the following jobs:
Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics, automotive
Millwrights
Painters
Pipefitters
Sheet-metal workers
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling
Watchmen




5

Ai

Occupational Earnings

Table A-l: Office Occupations
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings 1 for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Chicago, III., by industry division, A pril 1956)
Aruuai
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
. workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNJNGS OF—
U nder
$
4 0 . 00

$
4 0 .0 0
and
under
4 5 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

$
$
7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

$
9 5 .0 0

$
$
$
1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0

367

454
154
300
20
93
60
120

375
175
20 0
11
46
6
128

301
196
105
10
80
12
3

161

165
21
94
10
37
110
85
25
20
4

88
70"
18
17
1

29
29
-

18
14
4
1
3

15
11
4
_
4

$

$
$
1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0
and
1 2 0 .0 0
over

M en
C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A __ ________________ *___________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________ :________
_... _
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
—„
... _ _ _____
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
W h o l e s a le t r a d e
R e ta il tra d e
_
. ... .
___
F in a n ce **

2 ,6 8 3
1, 156
1 ,5 2 7
158
578
178
541

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

$
8 7 .5 0
8 9 .0 6
8 6 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
....
... _
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _
W h o l e s a le t r a d e
R e t a i l t r a d e _____________________________________________

1 ,3 4 0
• 571
769
23 3
105

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

6 9 .0 0
7 b . 00
6 3 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

C le r k s , o r d e r
_
M a n u fa c t u r in g
__
........
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e

1 .7 7 0
521
1 ,2 4 9
1 ,0 9 4

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 6 .0 0
“ 817 5 6
8 7 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

_
_
-

_

C le r k s , p a y r o ll
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

___
_r

_ . _
_

... ______
........

428
36 4
124

8 2 .5 0
3 9 .0
— 5 9 . 0 1 51 . W
,1”
3 9 .5
8 0 .5 0

__
^
T
O ffic e b o y s
1 ,8 5 7
6"50
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________ __________________ "
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________
1 ,2 0 7
P u b l i c u t i li t ie s * __________________ _____________________
110
W h o l e s a le t r a d e
___
207
F i n a n c e * * _______ _____ ___________ ______ ______ ______ _
572
225
S e r v i c e s ---------------------- ---------------------------------------------------

3 9 .0
3 9 :0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

5 2 .0 0
T O T
5 2 .0 0
5 8 .5 0
5 1 .0 0
5 2 .5 0
4 9 .5 0

T a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s _____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________
_____
_____ _____________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
_________ _____ _____________
___
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ____ ___________________________________
W h o le s a l e t r a d e __
F in a n c e * * ________ ______
________ ______________

1 ,7 2 1
86 0
861
152
146
40 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .5
3 8 .5

7 7 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
8 3 . 50
8 1 .0 0
7 3 .5 0

1 ,2 5 6
593
663
150
350

3 9 .5
4 6 .6
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

392
34T”
106
856
28 6
576
269

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

25
I
24
_

-

-

105
12
93
31
12

-

_
-

2
2

-

-

-

15
15
13

13
------ ~ T ~
5
_
_
5
-

298
T O T ”
192
4
119
61

_
_
_
-

451
144
307
11
79
140
49

_
_
_

5
5
4
_
-

26
_
_
7
12

158
29
129
13
22
14
75

178
24
154
19
67
33
12

406
187
21 9
11
70
11
120

146
10
136
3
16

301
63
238
76
24

161
t>9
92
15
8

154
65
89
46
18

188
142
46
24
15

7
1
---------5------ 1
----2
526
T U T—
319
15
75
139
57

260
.... 1I T
138
27
30
47
22

28
2

88
136
155
149
-------S T " — J Z ~ -------S T - -------S T 35
94
104
96
32
74
94
65
20
6
14
198
------ 2 7 ”
171
47
11
68
35

-

23
3
20
3
13
2
2

_
_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

26
175
6 ------- I T
1
169
1
169

18
18
18

23
7
16
16

8
8

1
1

_
_

_
_

30
16
15
12
2
1

_
-

62
44
18

60
55
5

45
24
21

33
31
2

83
19
64
9
8
44
1

6
6
1
_
5

10
5
5
_
5

4
4
_
-

8
8
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

187
82
105
19
11
59

270
155
115
13
34
39

176
80
96
18
7
53

197
91
106
19
16
45

219

197
121
76
14
25
31

85
36
49
25
12
3

26
6
20
1
12
1

23
14
9
2
_
6

5
3
2
1
1

_
-

3
2
1
1
-

-

-

15
13
2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
2
9
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

84
16
68
30

48

11
11

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

6 1 .0 0
6 0 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

_
-

1
1

22
22

-

-

-

-

-

4

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

6 1 .0 0
6 0 . 50
5 4 .0 0

_
-

23
23
17

40
40
24

86
75
33

128
117
15

27
24
6

51
26

-

11
11
11

-

26
26
-

3 8 .5
3 9 .6
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

7 3 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

_

_

_

8

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

71
10
61

193
54
139
87

161
49
112
63

277
119
158
. 82

T T T

97
33
11
33

3
10 --------- 2_
9
--------- g~
16
1
1
-

45
12
33
16
14
_
3

78
60
18

_
_

21 2
83
129
4
6
102

-

146
24 0
108
159
------- 93- — 57— ------- T T ------- 3T~
147
102
123
77
123
100
123
67

152
78
74
6
27
18
22

64
48
16

1
1
_
_
_

100
60
40
3
11
23

330
.....8 0
250
199

n

82
16
46
4
7

27
16
17

„
.
_
-

20
4
16
_
_
4

IU T

_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b il l in g m a c h i n e )
...
.
_
T
....... ........ ..
M a n u fa c t u r in g _ __ _
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _
W h o l e s a le t r a d e ________________________________________
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e )
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------R e ta il tra d e
____
_
,
______ _

—
...

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ................
.....
M a n u fa c t u r in g _ _______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________ _____ ____________________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e
_
_ ... _

S ee fo o tn o te a t en d o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .




217
“ 9U—
127
65

201
404
166
— 309'... ------ 5 5 - ------ 515
116
95
156
43
15
65
53
45
80

4
4

4

50
169
------ S T " ------ 3 T ~
118
17
23
2
15
84

21

21
3

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , C h i c a g o , III. , A p r i l 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tics

6

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in C h i c a g o , III. , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A p r i l 19 5 6 )
Average
S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
4 0 .0 0
and
under
4 5 .0 0

U n d er
$
4 0 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

*
5 0 .0 0

*
5 5 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

$
9 5 .0 0

$
1 0 0 .0 0

~

6 0 .0 0

~
6 5 .0 0

~
7 5 .0 0

■
8 0 .0 0

“
8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

$
1 2 0 .0 0
and
over

$
1 1 0 .0 0
“
1 1 5 .0 0

$
1 1 5 .0 0

_
_
_

_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

12
38
1 ----------93
37
_
34
2
1
1

2
2
_

3
2
1

2
2
_
_

-

-

-

$
1 0 5 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
W h o l e s a le t r a d e _ _
R e t a il t r a d e _
..... .
.................
_
...
....
F in a n ce * *

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s A _
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_
_ ............ .
_ ___
_
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e
...
..
.... . _ _
_ ..........
R e t a il t r a d e
___
. ......... _ ___
F in a n c e * * ______________ __________ _____________________

3 .5 7 2
3 8 .5
" 1 , 1 1 7 " — i r TT
2 ,4 5 5
3 8 .5
340
3 9 .0
274
4 0 .0
1 ,6 6 3
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
' 129
2 ,1 7 3
?08
1 ,4 6 5
464
212
372

_
_
_
_
5. 566
C le r k s , a cco u n tin g , c la s s B
M a n u fa c t u r in g ...
.
” 7 ,7 1 1 r
3 ,8 5 6
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________________________ _
240
P u b li c u t i li t ie s * _______________________________________
1 ,0 5 2
W h o l e s a le t r a d e _______________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e
808
1 ,4 0 2
F in a n c e * * ______________________________________________
S e r v i c e s .....
.....
.
. ....
35 4
C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A __________ __ _______________ ______
M a n u fa c t u r in g
. _
...
....
... . .............. ...
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
...
_ ....... . .
.. .
__
W h o le s a le t r a d e .
_
_ _
_
........... ............ . . . . . . . . . ...
F in a n c e * * _

3 9 .0
— 3975"
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .6
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

3 9 .0
1 ,4 8 2
■- 6 ? J “ — 3 9 7 5 "
■
3 8 .5
829
3 9 .5
152
543
3 8 .5

$
6 2 .0 0
6 6 .6 0
6 0 .5 0
6 3 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
7 7 .6 0
7 5 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

_
_
-

—

_

58
128
371
738
r r ------- 2 9 " — 7 R T — n r
638
47
325
99
4
24
42
1
30
63
35
46
57
247
501
8
18
14

_
-

6 1 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
6 2 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
5 7 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
6 0 .0 0

4
_

59
---------5“
51
2
10
39
_

6 1 .0 0
6 6 . SO"
6 1 .0 0
6 0 .5 0
6 1 .0 0

_
_
_

_

_

4
_
4
_
_
_

20
23
_

6 1 .5 0
6 3 .9 6 " 1
6 0 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
5 4 .0 0

2
2
2

27
27
27

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l _______________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
...
...
.....................
......
.... ........................ ..............
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
W h o le s a le t r a d e ________________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e __
____...
____
F in a n c e * * ______________________________________________
S e r v ic e s
._ ........

2 .4 9 6
1 ,4 5 4
1 ,0 4 2
250
26 8
189
148

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .5

6 8 .5 0
6 8 .6 0
6 9 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
7 0 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

_

9
7
2
_
2

. . ..

_
_
_

S e e fo o t n o t e a t e n d o f t a b l e .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s ,
* * F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .




r r

1903
466
1497
200
124
911
129

3 9 .5
3 9 :3 "
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

. .. .

106
—

722
83
639
24
69
511
20

51
8
43
_

2 .0 2 5
823
1 ,2 0 2
599
527

....

366
8
16
69
26 2
11

_

C l e r k s , o r d e r ___________________ _________ _________ ___
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________________________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e
_ _ _
_
____
R e t a il t r a d e ____________________________________________

__

T

85
10
66

5 1 .0 0
5 2 .5 0
5 0 .0 0
5 3 .5 0
5 0 .0 0
4 8 .5 0
5 0 .5 0

S e r v ic e s

393

------T

_

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

21
21
2

-

-

5 ,7 6 2
1, 5 8 1
4 , 181
734
444
2 ,2 5 5
341

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B _________ _
_______ _______ ______ ____
M a n u fa c t u r in g ._
....... .
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e
...............
....... _
R e t a il t r a d e .
....
__
._ ..

_

-

191
■

W

151
2
145

—

26
n ~
13
_
7
1
5

1675
2TTT
865
26
179
269
287
104

61
2
59
22
2
11

363
780
30
20 3
207
266
74

1053
—

612

Z F T r— 2 7 T

792
177
65
512
30
232
58
174
24
21
63
117 5
335"
837
90
275
122
278
72

313
383
244
— R E ” ----- R 5 ” — n r
183
98
23 9
40
45
14
158
126
64

333
36
51
201
43

380

409
—

n

r

277
42
31
99

n

r

252
84
40
70

354
136
218
79
25
65

361
141
220
43
105
26
33
13

251
136
115
70
21
16
8

251
154
97
31
51

50
-------ZE~ —
24
4
13

72

857
338
519
150
76
178
28

360
103
257
105
49
39
18

87
52
35
15

294
.... 1 3 5 "
189
70
97

539
197
342
160
180

361
I W
171
116
45
471
260
211
35
46
24
31

282
— n n r94
16
36
11
23

—

861
345
516
41
186
81
165
43

1751
561
1190
240
106
592
142

125
44
81
28
26
16
9

306
230
— 2TT — R tr —
94
90
43
12
2
27
30
34
16

r r

53
4
27

r

49
--------- r
44
4
37

172
69
103
10
32
22

65
32
33
4
2
26
1

4
3
1
1

8
5
--------- S” --------- T T
3
2
_
_
_
_

138
70
68
44
2

132
46
92
66
18

62
65
7
4
1

342
174
168
44
38
40
18

24 4
RE"
104
31
30
9
2

219
143
76
34
6
7
21

590
185
41
40
53
27

174
TEE"
68
14
1
26
27

140
--------53“
95
41
36
8

1

195
n rcr
95
83
6

w

W

161
78
19
33

_
_
_
_

4
4
_
_
-

11
18
1
_

1
3

258
—

30
z r
2
2
_
_

_
_
_
_

16
16
_
_
_

_

46
rr —
35
_
_
35

_
_

_

89
29
60
50
1

1
1
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

1
_

_

1
_
1

_

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
*

50
50
46
4

17
13
4
4

17
13
4
4

-

-

-

102
4$
57
4
35
13
3

67
33'
34
15
2
11
6

11
2
9
2

6

1

4

•
-

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
.
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

-

*
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

•
6
_

_

_

*

-

-

"

_
_

_

_
_

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

_

-

2

-

-

-

2
_
2
-

_

7

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings 1 for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Chicago, III. , by industry division, A pril 1956;
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number

of

workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
Under 40.00 45.00
and
$
under
40.00
45.00 50.00

$
50.00

$
55.00

$
6 0 .0 0

$
65.00

$
70.00

$
75.00

$
80.00

$
85.00

S
90.00

$
95.00

55.00

60.00

65.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00

90.00

95.00

10 0.00

271

523
181
342
14
56

920
319

953
356
597
31

636
283
353
28
114

246
176
70

78
58

601

20

107
23
84
_
4
80

_
_

$

$
$
$
$
105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0
and
105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 over
100.00

Women - Continued
Comptom eter operators
„
.. ... .
... _ _
M anufacturing______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
_ ...
......
..........
Public utilitie s *
_
_
. .
____ __
Wholesale trade
_
_ ....
Retail trade
_ . . __
_
F inance**
.. ...
S ervices
...
... ____
Duplicating-machine operators (m im eograph
o r ditto) _ _
........ . . .
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
_„
Key-punch operators
Manufacturing _
.........
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities * _
Retail trade
__
Finance **
_____

.

.

___

........... ...

Stenographers, technical

445

458
2W

178

198

276
926

_
....
................................
. . _____
.
_ r
__

Stenographersr general
_
Manufacturing
______
_
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities* .
W holesale trade _
_
Retail trade __
F inance**
S ervices
_ „„
_

206

3.674
1,731
1,943

O ffice girls
......... .
M anufacturing______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Wholesale trade
Finance ** _ ___
Secretaries
_ . _
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities*
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Finance **
S ervices _

3.819
1,475
2,344
129
649
915

... ,

1,233
414
819
214
391

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
38.0
40.0

$
65.50
67.00
64.00
67.50
65.50
63.50
61.00
64.50

_
_
_
.
"

39.0
5970“
39.0

56.50
56. 50
57.00

-

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
38.5

63.50
64.00
62.50
67.00
59.00
6 1 .0 0

39.0
51.50
39.6 "'5 2 .5 0 ~
39.5
51.50
39.5
54.00
39.5
49.50

10.253
39.0
”’¥7472.. -"J 9 .0
5,781
38.5
40.0
439
990
39.0
1,444
40.0
1,814
38.5
1,094
37.0

78.50
T575T T
77.00
84.00
79.00
74.50
76.00
78.00

10.118
5,083
5,035
472
1,209
418
2,145
791

39.0
39.6
38.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
37.5
37.0

66.50
6t .o 6
65. 50
72.50
67.00
59.50
63.50
67.00

588

39.0

12

-

26
15
11

10

•_
_
-

4
6

«
_
6

16

130

16
_
_

110

_
_
.

73.00

_

20

5
82

_
_
_

26
-

_

26

-

_

_
_
_
-

See footnote at end o f table.
* Transportation (excluding ra ilroa ds), communication, and other public utilities
** Finance, insurance, and real estate.




19
_
19
_
_
7

23
3
_
-

65
12

66

53
46
3
-

205
9
32
106
26
32

74
43
31

134
8o
54

45
23

91
17
74
7

355
115
240

635
333
302

2

12

1069
426
643
56

6

84
119

36
208

100

767
555"
333
58
39

338

112

2
2

55

160

34
78

68

19
189
225
75
93

73
52
21

220

184
45
117

45
32
13

368
184
374
115
34
nra~ - '1 2 8 1----- 57“ — W ~ — n “
246
97
77
19
>
44
64
46
55
148
17
122
4
18

260

7
2

5
1

4
_
113
2o
93
2
-

15
74
2

83
162
----- T T ----- 23“
50
139
25
1
10

1

60

756
183
573
35
72
134
237
95

1319
W S~

821
25
76

19
5
15

20

645
229
416
18
99
76
198
25

1445
714
731
32
46
143
385
125

2417

212

2107
1142
965
69
311
40
420
125

4

37

80

69

33

1121

1296
58
278
100

648

221

303
196

88

7
116

20
8
12

16

10

22

10

19
4
9

_

-

-

-

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
_
9
4

3
_
3

_

_

_

_
_
_

_

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_

_

_

_

-

-

8

2

32

_
4

1

_

_
_

2

_

_

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

_

_
_
_

-

-

-

_

10

_
10

_
-

_
_
_

2201

1482

9T5" ~
1286
95
259
343
354
235

~ w r

1007
629
378
84
144

_
_
_
-

802
48
171
206
231
146
525
268
257
45
60

11
111

66

149

28

86

200

82

59

211

-

-

_

52

1529
813
716
107
230
19

-

-

1

2

160

-

-

_

_

21

253
291
108

_

_

2

72
41
31

1468
630
838
26

_

_
_

2

86

.
_

_

15
5

190
104"

2

_
_
_

10

216

2

_
_
_

_

473
257
34

1
1

963
555“
497
50
99
120

165
63

_
_
-

836
372
449 ' “ 159
387
103
28
28
81
6
62
9
111
38
105
22

_

314
132
29
T95" ----- w ----- ZT“
120
72
8
20
37
3
8
39
_
_
2
35
1
19
24
8
4

253
26
20
115 — TT“ ----- TT1
138
7
8
47
3
3
14
3
1
_
_
11
_
32
34
1
4

4

13

_

22

12

1

20

20

1

_

3
3
_
_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

6

4

1

_

64
65
34 M rs—
30
50
17
4
4
2
9
4

_

_

_
_
_
_

_

_
_

_

8

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n an a r e a b a s i s
in C h ic a g o , H I . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A p r i l 1956)

Average

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
W
eekly
Weekly U nder 4 0 .0 0
earnings
hours
and
(Standard) (Standard) $ 0 .0 0 under
4
4 5 .0 0

Number
of
workers

i s . 00 f o o .o o

f o s .o o

fio .o o

1
1
1
_

_
_
_

“

4
4
_
_
4
-

~

_

1
1
-

_

_

■

”

“

34
29

4
4
'

S ex, o ccu p a tio n , and in du stry d iv is io n

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

1 0 .0 0

I s . 00

7 0 .0 0

^ 5 .0 0

1 0 .0 0

i s . 00

?15.00 ?20.00
and
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 o v e r

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

195
19
176
26
1
52
38
59

327
85
242
14
40
49
47
92

358
109
249
17
57
38
87
50

291
101
190
41
82
16
25
26

180
77
103
19
14
10
38
22

179
90
89
21
8
1
38
21

83
12
71
33
36
2
*

26
6
18
1
4
10
_
3

17
1
16
13
3

81
ll
70
43
17
"

162
32
130
45
66
8

450
id 1
269
78
60
43

606
39l
215
147
41
8

374
204“
170
109
20
9

241
162
79
38
_
21

53
30
23
4
7

19
19
.
10

21
5
16
10
_
4

6
6

17
17

85
39

164

116
54

164
69

101
46

79
55

51
8

1 0 .0 0

W om en - C ontinued

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r s _______ __________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________________________
N onm anufacturing
_ _
P u b lic u tilities * _
W h olesale trad e
__
R etail tr a d e ............................................................................
Finan ce **
_
_
S e r v ic e s -------------------------------------------------------------------

T a bu latin g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s _____ __________________
N onm anufacturing ______ __ ___________
__ __ „

_
_
_

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5

6 2 .0 0
6 3 .5 0
6 1 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
5 7 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

_

821
407

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s _ __
M anufacturing _________________ __
___ _____ __ __
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g __ __ ___ ________
__
_____
W h olesale trad e ___________________________________
F in a n c e * *
S e r v ic e s
__ _____ ____ __ __ __
__ _ __ __

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
4 0 .5

$
6 2 .5 0
6 7 .0 0
6 1 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
6 7 .0 0
57 .5 0
6 4 .5 0
5 5 .0 0

2 .0 0 8
l,0 l6
992
474
204
110

"

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

7 1 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

1,978
503
1,475
173
242
209
314
537

3 9 .5
w :s~

39.5

1 ,8 8 0
899
981
264
404

T r a n sc r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l ____________
M anufacturing _ _______ ____ __
__________________
N onm anufacturing _ _ _ _ _
W h olesale trad e ________ _________________________
F inan ce ** __________ ____________________________

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

-

12
304
- -----------303
12
_
11
22
1
21
260

_
■

*

6 3 .5 0
“ 67750 '
6 3 .5 0
6 2 .0 0
6 2 .5 0

52
52
20
27

“

-

■

109
39
70
11
29

441
"" 2 35
206
78
93

535

296
239
57
122

331
132
199
58
67

230
TZT~
108
32
34

126
44
82
4
26

38
20
18
4

8
2 "
6
4
2

3
Z
1
-

_

6
6
-

-

■

1
1
.
1

_
_
_
_
~

-

_
_

“

“

-

■

■

‘

'

1
1
_

-

-

-

“

-

_
-

■

"

"

-

-

-

'

T y p ists, c la s s A ___
_
M anufacturing _ ___
N onm anufacturing
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
W h olesale trad e _
F inan ce ** _
S e r v ic e s
_

_

T y p ists, c la s s B
_
M anufacturing
_
_.
N onm anufacturing
........
W h olesale trad e
R etail trade
__
_____ _ .
F inan ce ** ________ ______ _
_
S e r v i c e s _________ ____

1 0,813
3 9 .0
55 .5 0
“
“ 4'*T5S | "7975"“ ..56.TO
6 ,5 5 5
3 8 .5
54 .5 0
1,337
3 9 .0
55 .5 0
___ .. _
912
4 0 .0
52 .5 0
__
_
3 ,087
3 8 .0
5 4 .0 0
915
3 8 .5
5 7 .0 0

4, 364
'2 ;1 8 9
2, 175
175
307
1 ,190
272

___ , „

......

H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s
*

T r a n s p o r ta tio n

* * F in a n c e ,

(e x c lu d in g

in s u ra n c e ,

r a ilr o a d s ),

and r e a l e s ta te .




3 9 .0
6 5 .0 0
- J 9 7 5 - ~T57W
64. 50
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
6 9 .5 0
3 9 .5
6 8 .5 0
3 7 .5
6 2 .0 0
3 9 .0
6 5 .0 0

r e c e iv e

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

th e ir

r e g u la r

_
_
_

_
_

~

1
1
_
1
_

200
24
176
18
71
68
19

s tr a ig h t-t im e

a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

33
1
32
_
31
“

1466

160
71
89
_
66
10

3485

....271 1~ T S 7 y
1195
217
240
523
91

2148
466
253
1115
247

240 ------ r r
1640
51
832
645
135
625
------ r ^ 26T "1 "773 -— - “ " " T ” — w r
373
36
356
867
285
71
64
31
31
7
27
34
20
25
_
13
22
56
102
100
12
623
8
193
154
4
111
3
28
17
20
54
101
39

49
5

3279
” 1532“
1747
287
185
1030
192

1719
?95
924
220
151
296
234

484
TZ0~

264
105
10
40
76

2 -------- r
1
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

_

-

_
.

_
-

“

-

“

*

-

_

-

,

_

_

_
_

-

_

-

_

-

_

_

-

60

123
48
75
14
1
15
41

33
17
16
10
_

23
14

9
-

-

_

6

9

s a l a r i e s a n d th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .

-

-

_
_

_
_
"

_
_

_
„

9

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in C h ic a g o , 111., b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A p r i l 1 95 6)

Average
S ex, o c cu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number

of

workers

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$

s

$

$

$

Weekly
Weekly U nder 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 70. 00 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard)
under

to.

0 6 5 .0 0
0

$

$
$
$
s
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
s
s
95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 160.00 170.00

and
70. 00 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 160.00 170.00 o v e r

M en
$
130.50

-

-

-

-

2

1

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

106 .00
103. 50

-

-

8
2
6

31
13
18

39
26
13

1,705
1 ,400
305

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9.5

7 8 .0 0
76. 50
8 3 .5 0

42
36

145
135

6

10

161
148
13

269
254
15

428
373
55

294

4 0 .0

6 3 .0 0

2 87

76

113

12

699
t tir
131

3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 9 .5 0
79. 50
78. 50

9
5

1

4

91
76
15

111

-

_______________ _______

648

3 9 .5

D ra ftsm en , s e n io r __________________ —
M anufacturin g ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

2, 865
1, 938
927

D ra ftsm en , ju n io r
_______
M anufacturin g ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

D ra ftsm en , le a d e r

T racers

----------------------------------------------------

111.00

3

9

-

21

10

21

no

56

105

45

70

65

45

61

246

201

302
237
65

351
259
92

343
215
128

170
83
87

247
175
72

106
41
65

131

174
27

278
194
84

222

220
26

67
37
30

82
38
44

39
13

-

26

1

■

271
213
58

153
80
73

71
39
32

91
65

56
43
13

9

1
1

5
5

3

6

_
“

_
“

~

-

“

_
“

_
-

3

2
1

_ 1
- :
■ :

4

2

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

160
119
41

162

75
58
17

47
37

16

26

1

_

_

_

_

_

14

23

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

10

2

3

26

123
99

88
43

"

1

13

------ j - i

11
1

_

W om en
N u r s e s , i n d u s t r ia l( r e g is t e r e d ) __________
M anufacturin g
________ __ ________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________

1

92
19

144
18

_
-

_
-

1

—
1 H o u r s r e f l e c t t h e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a n d th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 11 a t $ 4 5 t o $ 5 0 ; 29 at $ 5 0 t o $ 5 5 ; a n d 4 7 a t $ 5 5 t o $ 6 0 .




O c c u p a t io n a l W age S u r v e y , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r i l 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s

10

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s 1 f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in C h i c a g o , 111. , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A p r i l 195 6)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e _________________________
m a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________________

1 ,2 4 8
803

$
2 .5 8
2 .3 6

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e _ _ _ _ _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____
_
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

3 ,2 7 6
2 ,5 1 4
762

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

_

_ _

U n d er
$
1. 70

$
1 .9 0

1

2.00

2 .10

2 .00

$
$
1 .8 0
1 .7 0
an d
under
1 .8 0
1 .9 0

2 .10

2.20

-

-

19
15

_
_

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

2 .6 1

10

31

34

-

6

1

10

268

; 5?
2 .7 1
2 .7 5

36
35

25
-

33
-

311

2.88

2 .6 5
“ 2755“
2 .9 8

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y _____________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _______________________________
R e t a il t r a d e ___________________________________
F in a n c e * * _____________________________________

2 ,0 5 7
1 ,0 3 1
1 ,0 2 6

F i r e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r
M a n u fa c t u r in g _
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

1 ,0 5 7
760
297

2 .1 3
2 . 0 'S
2 .3 4

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a i n t e n a n c e ____________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _ _
_
_
.
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
_ ...
.................. _ _

2 ,2 7 7
1 ,8 4 6
431

M a c h i n e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m ______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________
M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e _
M a n u fa c t u r in g

t

-

59
52

12

$

$

34

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

$
2 .8 0

_2J L

■2 , 9 0

147
115

74
65

176
T6 T

27 0
269“

436
344”
92

394
384

215
164
51

136
93
43

170

6

6

2

126

~ m r

67
49

20

140

67
56

152
130

11

22

225
2T2~1
13

96

20

150

88
8
2

17
3
-

TOT

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

43

129
52
77

60

41

126
44
82

31
9

_
-

7
5

1

46
30

1

10
1 06
62

29
27

13

$
3 .0 0

$
3 . 10

$
3 .2 0

$
3 . 30

$
3 .4 0

$
3 . 50

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .7 0
and

-3i_Q0.... 3 . 1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

.3 .50

3 , 60

3 .7 0

over

$
2 .9 0

9

17
14

4

1

12

-

-

-

-

-

49

21

310

19
---------r

3
3

_
_

265

18

-

-

_
_
_

15
_
15
_

4

305

3

10

1

677
22 5
59d 1 2 0 1
24
79

2 22

104

137
85

10

14
14

20

70
70

94

-

29

-

7
14

120
88

760
218
542

42
41
_

30
30
_
-

18
3
15
-

15
_
15
_

2
2

102

95
17
78
77

_

_
_
-

1

306

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
-

4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

44
44

1
1

_
-

1
1

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
-

_
_

_
_

32
4

62
16
46
39

1

—

33 -

_

_

-

-

88

100

84
4

97
3

87
77

91
84
7

80
49
31

184
174

10

65
36
29

1 .9 9
1 .9 7
2 .0 9

58
54
4

82
76

428
403
25

743
683

164
34
130

105
60
45

21
10
11

22
22

60

573
445
128

-

22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 ,4 9 0
2 ,4 9 0

2 .4 8
2 .4 8

-

-

12
12

57
57

22 6
2 26

155
155

309
3o9

573
573

295
295

442
442"

145
1'45

184
154

53
53

9
9

6
6

6
6"

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 ,9 6 7

_ „

-

2 .6 1
2 .6 6

27
24

165
165

17
17

4
4

6
6

2
2

_
_
_
_

_
.
_
_

2,787

2 .4 8

6

-

_

10
10

78
78

62
59

306
2 22
2T T H T 5 T "

258
254

677
665

394
516"

283
"273

272
266

84
83

76

6

24
24

29
29
29
-

27
3
24

22

112

570

429

10
8

255
255
255

2

60
52
30
3

145
93
52
19
29

158
99
59

21

77
36
42
36

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

2

-

-

-

4
_
4

235
22o
15

206
F5TT
46

540
462“
78

45 8
416
40

384
136“
48

_
_

16

84
84

60
6o

63
63

147
1 46

154
34 5
164 ' 1 1 6
5

27 3
273

136
136

60
20

-

“

40

12

45
16

7
7

84

82

108
68

116
86

82
72

_
-

38
38

23
23

78
76
2

109
107
2

173
173

1

11

7

6

-

21
-

-

-

M e c h a n ic s , m a in t e n a n c e
.......................... ....
M a n u fa c t u r in g
.....
______ _____ ____
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________________

3 ,4 8 1
8 ,0 2 4
457

2 .3 7
2 .3 6
2 .4 4

_
-

9
7

-

2

M illw r ig h t s
__
M a n u fa c t u r in g

2 ,0 7 8

2 .4 4
“2 . 4 4

_
-

-

16

3

O il e r 8
_
... _
_
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________ ________________

1,10 2
97

1 .9 9
1 .9 6
2 .2 8

P a in t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_

1 ,0 0 2
5UB

2 .5 9
2 .3 5

1 ,3 3 4
1 ,2 0 5
129

2 .5 4
2 .4 9
2 .9 5

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

2 .7 9

_

1

_

_

2 .5 5
2 .5 5

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

~

“

4
18

-

120

“

. . . .

_ .

_

P i p e f i t t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ___________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________ _____ _____________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
__ ............................

S h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e _____________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
.
_ .
_
_

_

.... .

1 ,1 9 9

4 49

4 .2 4 7
4 ,2 4 7

2 .7 9
2 .7 9

-

_

21
21

2 ,0 12

57
3

_

2 .88

. __
_ ...

2

-

2 .5 1
2 .5 0
2 .5 0

_ .
.......

10

18
18

17
17
17

_
__

2 . 30

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .5 0

-

1 ,8 6 4
"
382
1 ,4 8 2
1 ,0 4 5
245

T o o l an d d ie m a k e r s
M a n u fa c t u r in g _

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .6 0

_ L ^ o _ 2 .7 0

$
2 .3 0

.

M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t iv e ( m a in t e n a n c e )
_ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_
. _ . ........
_
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________________
P u b li c u t i li t ie s * ____________________________
R e t a il t r a d e
______
.

P l u m b e r s , m a in t e n a n c e

161

2 .20

$

63
------ 5 7 "
2
_

81

~~TT
2
_

-

6

_

86

8

490
367
36

421
229
127

-

-

-

-

-

-

525
47 3
52

454
448

21 3
183
30

163
43

22
22

17
17

_
-

_
-

1
-

_
-

-

_
_

6

250
235
15

12 0

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

390
396

626
566

427
425

93
92

12 0
120

12

5
5

_

3

_

_

_

_

_

-

32
32

1

-

-

-

-

-

25

60

1

1

11

26

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

„
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

34

1

_
-

-

*

-

“

-

*

-

43
35

97
62

61
33

12
l2

21
15

5

_

124

1

-

193
15

-

1
1

3
3

160
155
5

181
180
1

76
71
5

98
55
43

23
23

65
64
1

16
16

24
24

_
-

-

21
21

-

-

-

3

4

.

13

9

12

18

19

2

_

_

_

_

l

.

1

_

-

11
31

249
T ? o "
9
14

1

2
-

it

-

_

8
8

19
1?

39
39

24
23

65
62

98
95

79
6?

56
54

55
35

1
1

2

_

1

-

-

1
1

_
-

-

-

22
22

64
64

159
159

259
2 59

242
242

644
64 4

785
785

547
547

509
509

457
45 7

407
407

142
142

8
8

1
1

1
1

-

_
-

_
-

_

-

_
-

r~

-

_

—

_
~

■
1 E x c l u d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d l a t e s h i ft s .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
** F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .




O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e

Su rvey,
U .S .

C h ic a g o ,

III. ,

D EP AR TM E N T

A p r il

OF

1956

LABOR

B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

11

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage hourly earn ings 1 fo r se le c te d occu pation s 2 studied on an a rea b a sis
in C h ic a g o , 111., by in du stry d iv isio n , A p r il 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Num
ber
of
w
orker*

Average
hourly
earnings

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s , p a sse n g e r (m en) __
__
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------------------F i n a n c e * * ™ — ------------------------------- -----------

2, 127
2 ,0 3 d
1 ,6 3 7

$
1. 89
1. 88
1. 99

-

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s , p a sse n g e r (w om en) _______
N on m an ufactu ring
-------- __
__ __
R e ta il t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------

421
506
148

1. 18
1. 16
1. 17

3 50
50
5

73
73
51

O ccup ation and in d u stry d iv isio n

Under
$
1 .0 0

-

$
1. 00
and
under
1. 10

$
1. 10

26
26

112
112

$
1. 20

$
1. 40

$
1. 50

$
1. 60

$
1 .7 0

$
1. 80

$
1. 90

$
2 .0 0

$
2. 10

1 .4 0

1 .2 0

$
1. 30

1, 50

1. 60

1. 70

l l 80

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2. 10

2. 20

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

$
2. 50

2 . 30

2. 40

2. 50

2. 60

11
11
-

3
2
-

28
28
4

10
-

14
5
-

120
112
102

32
22
12

1643
1584
1499

22
22
18

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

58
58
31

185
185
33

11
10
8

26
25
19

2
1
1

12
4

4
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

29
--------23
23

121
14
107
97

280
131
149
86

284
194
90
44

300
255
45
11

282
230
52
28

345
273
72
51

307
207
100
45

278
192
86
65

420
225
195
104

216
200
16
1

1
1
-

1
1
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

1761
1 3 ?S —
413
54
104
91
7
157

1862
1653
209
26
85
89
7
2

1457
1278
229
46
123
48
9
3

1705
1464
221
86
33
55
17
30

2058
275
1783
220
10
18
1334
201

302
83“
237
11
1
1
224
-

150
144
6
1
1
4
-

112
nr§
4
4
-

24
2
22
5
14
3
-

150
no
30
30

4
-

4
*

1
1
1
-

100
96
4
1
1

42
42
-

3
3
-

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

_
-

.
-

"

-

-

-

30
30
30

3745
2433
1312
9
1056
245

1716
872
844
' 13
325
487

4 5 04
858
3808
2500
1096
212

647
344
303
159
33
111

853
252
571
410

2 ,8 9 4
~ r r # r
965
573

1. 81
1 .8 5
1. 74
1. 71

_
-

_
-

30
30
18

J a n ito r s, p o r te r s , and c le a n e r s
( m e n ) ______
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________
P u b lic u tilitie s * ....................................................
W h o le sa le t r a d e ______________________________
R e ta il t r a d e ____________________________________
_
_
_
_ _
F in a n c e * * _ . _ . ._ __
S e r v i c e s ------------------------------------------------------------

1 3 .7 9 9
' 8 , l3 l
5 ,6 6 8
595
594
1, 529
1 ,7 2 0
1. 230

1. 63
1 .6 6
1. 59
1 .7 0
1. 53
1. 33
1 .9 4
1. 39

126
8
118
25
93

391
107
284
20
10
127
127

871
96
775
14
57
338
6
360

788
306
48 2
26
41
304
12
99

875
4 l0
465
40
57
199
70
99

1162
777
385
51
64
219
22
29

J a n ito r s, p o r te r s , and c le a n e r s (w om en) ______
M an ufactu ring _ ____
____ _ . _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________
P u b lic u tilities * _____ _
_______________
R e ta il t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------F in a n c e * * ____
_
_
_ — _______ _
S e r v ic e s __
_ . ._ . _
_ __
________

4 , 749
745
4. 00 4
109
336
2 ,9 2 3
544

25
25
25
-

210
63
■ 147
1
97
4
35

185
65
120
2
51
27
35

228
97
131
14
51
12
24

231
64
167
23
49
86
8

3382
133
3249
69
26
2782
372

161
147
14
2
10

-

152
35
117
34
1
40

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g _____________________
M an ufactu ring
. _____ _
Non m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________
P ub lic u tilities * ______________________________
W h o le sa le tra d e _ _
_ ..
__ . .
.
R e ta il t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------

2 2 ,7 3 7
1 2 ,4 9 1
1 0 ,2 4 6
2 ,7 8 0
4 ,6 1 4
2 ,7 8 0

1. 78
1. 73
1. 83
2 .0 7
1 .7 9
1. 67

9
9
9

72
72
18
54

214
79
135
10
125

570
270
300
137
163

922
608
314
148
133

1060
666
394
5
267
112

24 24
1503
821
8
202
611

3233
2124
1109
8
811
284

O r d e r f ille r s _ . __ __ _
_
. . .
. . .
M anufacturing _ —
— ---------------- _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------___
W h o le sa le tra de ______________________________

7, 576
~ x w ~
4 ,6 2 5
3, 273

1. 78
1. 79
1. 78
1 .7 7

30
-

157
----------2

30
30

155
110

82
211
--------* — ------- 50
161
78
67
142

290
252
------27— ------- 55“
225
202
127
43

464
302
162
33

2979
2419
560
2
388
168

997
976
1368
1072
.." 4 7 1 — T H ----- " 415 ' ~ m —
657
224
505
1049
214
536
972
42 9

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

'

147
58
89
25
64

31
31
"

13
3
10
10
-

15
5
10
10
-

-

-

495
51
444
142

244
90
154
18

15
15

51
43 ' —
8

19
r

_
-

-

-

112
112
-

-

-

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

72
78
64
67
55

.
-

17
11
6
6

116
11
105
85
14

346
93
253
179
74

280
“ 168
112
43
56

391
222
169
120
47

807
46 5
342
235
107

90 2
49 4
408
364
39

862
692
170
134
36

1066
792
274
204
70

1241
“ 558
573
528
38

328
233
95
95
-

75
55
20
20

18
17
1
1

9
9
-

21
21
-

30
30
-

-

-

P a c k e r s , shipping (w om en) ________________________
M an ufactu ring . ------------------------- ._ ___ _
.
____
_
_ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___

2 ,4 7 9
1 ,9 9 5
484

1. 55
1. 58
1 .4 4

18
18

61
30
31

326
246
80

139
98
41

184
124
60

358
297
61

184
163
21

243
113
130

460
~ 450

256
216
40

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

249
247
2

R e c e iv in g c le r k s _
_ __ _____ _____ _ .
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________________________
N on m an ufactu ring
_ _
W h o le sa le tra d e ____
R e ta il tra de
__ __ _____
___ _________ _

1 ,7 4 6
827
919
42 4
470

1 .9 5
2. 01
1 .9 0
2. 00
1. 85

.
-

3

25

-

3

25

39
8
31

29

-

4
4
-

-

-

3

16

26

86
19
67
38
27

178
86
92
29
63

215
125
90
16
74

245
146
99
30
69

382
202
180
140
40

177
101
76
68
8

162
73
89

-

56
2
54
29
25

100
26
74
72
2

T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g
in s u ra n c e ,

r a ilr o a d s ),

and r e a l e s ta te .




-

89

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

a n d o t h e r p u b lic

u tilitie s ,

U .S .

-

-

.
-

-

-

11
7
4

17
15
2

17
17

-

-

4

2

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y , C h ic a g o ,

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .
*

-

29
2
22

_

436
28 0
156
31
59
66

6 ,6 2 1
4 ,0 9 3
2, 528
1 ,9 8 7
508

-

-

-

P a c k e r s , shipping (m en) __ ___ _
_____________
M an ufacturing _ _________ . . _____ _ . . . ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___ __________ . ____
___
W h o le sa le tra d e ______________________________
R e ta il t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------

* * F in a n c e ,

$
2. 60
and
over

104
iw “
-

G u ards _____ __
__
__ __ _________
M an ufacturing
. . . .
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________
F i n a n c e * * ---------------------------------------------------------

1 .4 7 .
1 .4 9
1 .4 7
1 .4 7
1. 24
1. 50
1 .4 7

2. 20

$

-

111. , A p r i l 1 9 5 6

DEPARTM EN T O F

LABOR

B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

12

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued
(Average hourly earnings 1 for selected occupations23 studied on an area basis
in C hicago, 111. , by industry division, A pril 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Occupation and in du stry d iv isio n

_____
Shipping c le r k s _______ _ ___
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____
___
__
----- - _ -------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ — - -------_
----------_
W h o lesa le t r a d e __________ _ _________________
R eta il trade _
____________
_ . ___

1, 550
84$
705
511
170

Average
hourly
earnings

$
2. 00
2. 10
1. 87
1 .9 1
1. 75

Under
$
1 .0 0

$
1 .0 0
and
under
1 .1 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1. 80

$
1 .9 0

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2 . 20

$
2. 30

$
2. 40

1. 20

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1. 60

1 .7 0

1. 80

1 .9 0

2. 00

2 . 10

2. 20

2. 30

2. 40

2 . 50

50
50
43
7

61
lO
51
43
8

107
37
70
58
12

141
71
70
23
43

168
82
86
68
18

157
“ TUB
49
34
13

243
146
97
83
12

297
138
159
125
21

99
93
6
4

48
------- TT~ —
26
24
1

l

67
40
27
14

109
85
24
10

199
123
76
23

76
44
32
-

280
~ 240
40
33

167
36
131
117

182
11
171
155

51
16
35
21

55
44
11
1

388

3 9 72

_
-

5
5

“

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

_
-

3
3

T r u c k d r iv e r s , light (under l 1 t o n s ) _________
/*
M a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________________

1 ,8 1 2
979
833

2. 28
2. 43
2. 09

_

_

-

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( 1 V2 to and
including 4 t o n s ) __ ___ __________________________
— __ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___ _____ _
______ __
P ublic u tilities * ___________________________
W h o le sa le tra d e _
_ __
___
_

3, 889
7ITT"
3, 185
1 ,5 9 4
1, 336

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

20
23
20
16
24

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , heavy (over 4 to n s,
tra ile r type) , _____ _— _____________ _. _________
M anufacturing _ ____________ _ _
_ —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __ _______ __________________
_ _ __ _
P ublic u tilities * ____ __ _
R e ta il t r a d e ___ ____ _____ _ _ _______

4 ,6 8 4
261
4 ,4 2 3
2 ,8 7 4
961

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

31
32
31
29
32

-

2. 27
“ 2 .T T “
2. 25
2. 24
2. 28
2. 29

$
1. 50

3
3
-

*

1 2 ,4 4 6
x n r
1 0 ,2 5 2
5 ,4 9 5
2 ,6 2 4
1 ,9 4 5

1 .9 9
2 .0 5

$
1 .4 0

14
14
14

T r u c k d r iv e r s 4
__ _ _
_______
__
Manufacturing _ _ .... ...... _
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________ ________________
P ublic u tilities * ______________________________
__
___
W h o lesa le trade __ ______ __
Retail t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------

581
384

$
1 .3 0

13
13
13

-

1 ,2 8 0

1 .9 5

$
1 .2 0

3
3
3

-

_ __ _
Shipping and rec e iv in g c le r k s ______ __
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____
__ ___
_ _ _ __ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________________________
W h o lesa le trade _ _____
__
______ ___

£W~ 1. 92

$
1. 10

”

1
~

-

1
1
-

1
1
-

“

*

-

_
-

_

!

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

'

-

-

-

-

-

*

_
_

-

~

1 ,9 4 8
2. 30
T . 7 7 2 ... “2. 50

“

-

-

"

_
-

-

-

_

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fork lift) _________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____ __ _
_ ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________
______
____ _
R eta il trade
_
______ _ _

4 , 184
5, 568
217

1 .9 7
~T7U5
2. 05
2. 07

T r u c k e r s, pow er (other than f o r k l i f t ) _
_
M anufacturing
__ __ _____ __ ______

_ __
_ __ _

1, 104
1 ,0 0 3

1 .9 4
1. 92

-

4 , 842
1 ,3 5 9
3 ,4 8 3
308

1. 28
1. 60
1. 15
1. 36

W a t c h m e n ________
Manufacturing
N onm anufacturing
R e ta il trade

1
2
3
4
*

^
_
.T

.

...................._

_

616

24
21
32
n r ~ — T3
T------ -----14
6
11
4
4
_
10
6
-

78
— n —
66
13
13

~ m —

—

2 5 04
2881
“ 7T6----- — 2T7
26 44
22 38
16 54
1646
410
362
628
182

13
1
12
6
1396
TUB—
1296
134
900
262

2 . 50
2 . 60

2. 60
and
ove r

1
1

53
43
10
10
-

35
31
4
4

34
28
6
“

1099
un
168
22
146

5
5
5

37
-------

202
18
174
3

3562
2013
74 2
676

12
12
-

231
112
119

65 7
51
60 6

32
2
30

4
4

9
9

789
789
-

-

154
74
80
74

2177
259
1918
1225
544

456
52
40 4
194
210

598
142
456
175
260

253
3
250
235

135
135
-

5
5
-

-

“

481
32
449
50
289

1406
78
1328
1292
36

2051
58
1993
1474
451

592
504
58
36

151
5
146
146

-

■

3
3
3

“

”

599

555
437

22 8
191

542
533

44
6
38

11
11

14
14

7
7

-

-

10
10
-

25
19
6
-

66
66

-

10
id
-

-

-

-

-

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

“

“

■

-

88

_
-

-

“

“

“

■

-

■

“

”

■

_
-

_

_

129

128
1
1

8
8

355
34(3
15
4

822
714
108
3

1259
lo 5 i
20 8
7

37 4
“ TUB
176
176

46
42
-

80
76
4
-

237
2TB
19

-

9
2
2

606
586
20
9

88

-

186
178

-

31
24
7
7

11

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

45

280
280

198
198

_

-

234
231

1

-

39
39

168

-

39
38

53

'

42
42

80

-

-

46
46

73

2693
36
2657
36

95
38
57
30

170
70

348

239
117

315
155

181

220

66

44
30
14

7
7

49
49

_

-

-

_

10

-

64

63

60
23

48
18

7
7

160

131
89

18
14

122

307
270
37

-

73

-~2S6—

100
42

Excludes premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
All workers were at $0.9 0 to $1.
Includes all d rivers regardless o f size and type of truck operated.
Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.




—

1
1

■

“
T r u c k d r iv e r s , heavy (over 4 to n s,
other than t r a ile r t y p e ) ________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------

44
-------6—
38
23
14

59
59—
-

$

$

82
41

121

9

"

4

-

24

It

"

6

_

-

-

6
-

-

-

4
4

10

_

.




13

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary W age Provisions
Table B-l: Shift Differential Provisions'1
2
P e r c e n t o f m anufacturing plant w o r k e r s —

(a)
In establishm ents having
form al provisions fo r—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

__________

____

___

Second shift

Third or other
shift

___________

92.3

81.6

19.2

6 .5

With shift pay differen tial________________________________

91.2

80.5

18.8

6 .4

Uniform cents (per hour) _____________________________

Total __

__ ___

Third o r other
shift work

lb)
Actually working on—

36.6

10.4

3.6

.6
4 .9
7 .3
2 .8
1.8
4 .4
18.9
.8
.9
.5
1.9
3.9

.6
.7
.8
.6
10.5
11.3
.6
2 .0
.9
.7
6 .2
1.7

.1
1.1
1.8
.7
.5
.6
3 .4
.3
.2
.2
.4
1.1

.1
.2
t
1.7
.8
t
.2
.1
.3
.1

Uniform percentage ___________________________________

39.9

36.8

7.8

2 .0

5 percent
_
_
___
7 p e r c e n t ____________ _________ __________________
7 V2 percent _______________________________ _____
8 percent _____ ______ __________________ ________
10 p e rce n t________________ _______________________
12V2 p e rce n t______ ________ ______ ______ ______ _____
15 percent _ __________ ___________________________

8 .1
.5
.7
28.8
1.3
.5

.7
.8
2.1
27.2
1.3
4.7

1.9
.1
5.5
.2
.1

.1
.1
1.4

Other l_________________________________________________

No

48.7

Under 5 ce n ts _______________________________________
5 cents ____________________ ____________ ______...
6 cents ________________ __________ _____________ _
7 or 7 V2 cents ____________________________________ _
8 or 8V2 cents _
____
______ ______ ________
9 cents _ _________________________________ ________
10 cents
__
______
______ _________ _____
11 c e n t s ___________ ______________________ __
_
12 or 12Vs cents ___________________________________
13 c e n t s ________________ ____ ____ _________ ____
14 or I4V2 cents ___________________________________
15 cents
___ ___
_
_
___
_
_ _
Over 15 c e n ts .
_
_ . . .
__
_

2 .5

7.1

.6

.9

shift pay d iffe re n tia l__________________________________

1.1

1.1

.4

t

t

t

.4

1 Shift d ifferen tial data are p resen ted in te r m s o f (a) esta b lish m en t p o lic y , and (b) w o r k e r s actu ally em p loyed on late
sh ifts at the tim e o f the su rve y.
A n esta b lish m e n t w as c o n sid ere d a s having a p olicy if it m e t eith er of the follow ing con ­
dition s: (1) O perated late shifts at the tim e o f the su rv e y , or (2) had fo r m a l p ro v isio n s coverin g late sh ifts.
2 Includes such p r ovision s as fu ll pay for red u ce d h ours plus cen ts or p erc en ta g e d iffe r e n tia l,
t L e s s than 0 .0 5 p ercen t.
O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e

S u rvey,
U .S .

C h ic a g o ,

1 1 1 .,

D EPARTM EN T

A p r il
OF

1956

LABOR

B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

Table B-2:

Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers1

N um ber of e s ta b lish m e n ts with sp ec ified m in im u m h iring rate in—

M anufacturing
M in im u m rate
(w eekly s a la r y )

A ll
schedu les

E sta b lish m e n ts s t u d ie d ______

__________________ ________________

427

N onmanuf actur ing

M an ufacturing

B a s e d on staridard w eekly h ours 2 of—

A ll
in d u strie s

165

Num ber of esta b lish m e n ts with sp e c ifie d m in im u m hiring rate in—

XXX

37 y ,

262

XXX

XXX

A ll
schedu les

40

427

FO R IN E X P E R IE N C E D T YP Ii5TS

E sta b lish m e n ts having a sp ec ified m in im u m

Under $ 3 5 . 0 0 _____________
$ 3 5 .0 0 and under $ 3 7 . 5 0
$ 3 7 .5 0 and under $ 4 0 . 0 0
$ 4 0 .0 0 and under $ 4 2 . 5 0
$ 4 2 .5 0 and under $ 4 5 . 0 0
$ 4 5 .0 0 and under $ 4 7 . 5 0
$ 4 7 . 5 0 and under $ 5 0 . 0 0
$ 5 0 . 0 0 and under $ 5 2 . 5 0
$ 5 2 .5 0 and under $ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 5 .0 0 and under $ 5 7 . 5 0
$ 5 7 . 5 0 and under $ 6 0 . 0 0
$ 6 0 .0 0 and under $ 6 2 . 5 0
$ 6 2 . 5 0 and under $ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 5 .0 0 and under $ 6 7 .5 0
$ 6 7 .5 0 and under $ 7 0 . 0 0
$ 7 0 .0 0 and ove r
_ _

_______________

__________ _______________________
_
____________________________________
____________________________________
_
_ _
_ __
___ _
____________________________________
__ _____ ________________ _ __
_
_
____________________________________

E sta b lish m e n ts having no sp ec ified m in im u m ____

E sta b lish m e n ts w hich <iid not em p loy w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y ______ _____
___ __
__ __

235

1
2
15
13
38
54
49
23
18
6

10
1

103

82

5

4

132

1
2
-

10
11

20

83

-

2
-

8

252

1
2
2
27

2

2

1

6

20

13
14

22

6

33

6

20

24

59
43
44

5
4

9
7
5
4

10
10
1

1
3
1
1
1

1

1

-

9
19
19
5
9
4
-

25
13
8

-

-

-

3

2

2

2

1

1

6

1
1

165

A ll
sc h e d u les

40

XXX

262

37

lU

XXX

40

XXX

FO R O T H E R IN E X P E R IE N C E D C L E R I C A L W O R K E R S

16

21

B a se d on stand ard w eek ly h o u r s 2 of—

A ll
Industrie s

A ll
sch ed u les

40

N on m an ufactu ring

-

-

1
1

101

79

9
5

-

22

6
4
15

12

151

1
2
2
18
15
37
26
25
7

17
19
13

16

6

6

2

3
3
1
1

3
3
1
1

2

2

2

1

"

"

23

_

2

1
1
1
7

14

4
8

1

10

10
1
5
-

10

4
5

19
14
17

1

20
16

95

1

6

_

8

1
1

_
4

-

-

1

1

-

_

_

1

__ _ __

91

42

XXX

49

XXX

XXX

106

38

XXX

68

XXX

XXX

____

101

20

XXX

81

XXX

XXX

69

26

XXX

43

XXX

XXX

1 Lowest salary rate form ally established for hiring inexperienced workers fo r typing or other cle rica l jobs.
2 Hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight>time sala ries.
Data are presented for ail workweeks com bined, and for the m ost com m on workweeks reported.




Occupational Wage Survey, Chicago, III., A pril 1956
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau o f Labor Statistics

15

Table B-3: Scheduled Weekly Hours
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E ^W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D

IN —

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll
in d u stries

A ll w o rk e rs

...

_ -

___
U n d e r 35 h o u r s
_
35 h o u r s
_ _ _ .. . . . . . . . . . .
O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 36 7 * h o u r s ___________________
367* h o u r s _________
_
O v e r 367+ a n d u n d e r 37 72 h o u r s ________________
37 72 h o u r s ___________________________________________
O v e r 37 72 a n d u n d e r 3 87 * h o u r s _______________
3 8 3U h o u r s _ ___
_
_
. . . ..
O v e r 3 8 3 a n d u n d e r 40 h o u r s
/4
___
40 h o u r s
_ _
_ .... _____ _____
O v e r 40 and u n der 44 h o u rs
44 h o u r s
_ _
_ ..
____
O v e r 4 4 a n d u n d e r 48 h o u r s ______________________
48 h o u r s
_
...
........ .
O v e r 48 h o u r s _______________________________________

M a n u fa ctu rin g

100

100

f
4

•
f
3
_

P u b lic
u tilitie s

100

*

W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il tr a d e

100

F in a n ce

100

t

6

t

3
_
10

f

5
14
13

_
_
3
_
t

t

t
63

t
64

95

76

5
_
_
_
93

t
t
t
t

t

t

t

t

_

_
-

t

100

t
t

t
3
3
14
3
8

t

t

t

M a n u fa ctu r in g

100

100

0
10

t

t

f
t
3
t
t

3
_

t
5
13
3
9
3
42

_

t

_

in d u s tr ie s 2

100

5
t
8
t
29
11
10
4
31
_

-

■

S e rv ice s

t

t
t

-

78
t
3
4
5
4

P u b lic
u tilitie s

*

100

_

77
_
t
5
3
5

100

R e ta il tra d e

100

_

_
100
_

_
_
_

-

S e rv ice s

100

4

_
_

4
t

W h o le sa le
tr a d e

•
f3
t
f
84
t
10

_
78
3
3
5
11

3

62
12
12
5

* D a ta r e l a t e t o w o m e n w o r k e r s o n ly .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y ,
t L e s s th a n 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
* * F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .

Table B~4: Paid Holidays1
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D

Item

A ll w o r k e r s _____________________________________
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h olid a y s _ _________________________________
L e s s than 6 h o lid a y s ____________________ ____
6 h olid a ys ____________________________________
F u ll days o n l y ____________________________
P lu s 1 n a if day __________________________
P lu s 2 h a lf days __________________________
P lu s 3 h a lf days _______________ __________
P lu s 6 h a lf days __________________________
7 h o l id a y s _____________________________________
F u ll days o n l y _____________________________
P lu s 1 h a lf d a y ____________________________
P lu s 6 h a lf d a y s ___________________________
8 h o l id a y s _____________________________________
F u ll days o n l y _____________________________
P lu s 1 h a lf d a y ____________________________
P lu s 2 h a lf days __________________________
P lu s 3 h a lf d a y s ___________________________
9 h o l id a y s _____________________________________
F u ll days o n l y _____________________________
P lu s 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s _____________________
10 h o l i d a y s ____________________________________
F u ll days o n l y _____________________________
P lu s 1 h a lf d a y ____________________________
11 h olid a y s ____________________________________
F u ll days o n l y _____________________________
P lu s 1 h a lf d a y ____________________________
P lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ___________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o l id a y s ________________________________

A ll
in d u stries

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic
u tilitie s *

W h o le sa le
tr a d e

R e ta il tra d e

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

F in a n ce * *

10 0

100

10 0

10 0

99

99

10 0

99

t
68

13

10 0

t

-

.

57

12

62

26
18

-

4

56
49

69

100

-

5

97
97
-

t

t

10
-

t
-

-

2I
21

25
24

63
63

25
25

t

t

-

-

1

6
6

t
t

4
4

t

4

4
*

5

,1

t
t

-

!
3
t
t

t
t
T

*

t
t

23

t
t
-

-

t
t

-

t

t

■

"

t

-

9

~

-

-

-

t

8

~

t

t
t

_

S e rv ice s

A ll
in d u s trie s 2

M a n u fa ctu r in g

P u b lic ^
u tilitie s *

R e ta il tra d e

S e rv ice s

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

100

10 0

98

10 0
t

97
7
61
53

99
4
61
50

97

100
t

96
7
82
82
-

83
59
23
23
-

t

3
8
5
3
17

6
6

65
59
4

30
30
-

t
11

-

-

22

21
21

25
24

42
42

18
18

-

_

5
3

t
t

t

-

-

_

t
t

17

7

4-

t

t

3
3

1
6

8
8

-

t

-

-

+

t
t

40
37

-

3
3

t

“

-

6
6

3

t
t

1

3

3

75
72

-

t

1

~

26

-

6
6
-

t
t
t
t
t
t

t
t

_

26

t

-

-

t

“

-

t

-

-

-

-

-

t
t

t
t
t

t
-

-

-

-

-

t

3

-

4

17

■

~

~

~

3

-

-

t

-

-

t

t

-

3

are

W h o le sa le
tr a d e

10 0

4

t

23

1 E s t i m a t e s r e l a t e t o f u l l - d a y h o lid a y s p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , a s in e a r l i e r s t u d i e s .
T h ese
a n d t h o s e w h o r e c e i v e 1 o r m o r e h a lf h o lid a y s in a d d it io n .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y ,
f L e s s th a n 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .




IN —

t

~

:

-

fu r t h e r d iv id e d b e t w e e n w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e m e r e l y the i n d ic a t e d n u m b e r o f f u l l - d a y h o l id a y s ,
O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , C h ic a g o , 111. ,- A p r i l 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s

16

Table B-&

Paid Vacations

P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D

V a ca tio n p o lic y

A l l w o r k e r s __ -------- __

___

All
industries

_____

100

_____

Manufacturing

100

99
99
t
.

100
99
t
-

IN —

PERCEN T OF PLAN T W ORKERS EM PLOYED

A
H
industries 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
96
4
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

99
92
6
t
t

100
90
7
3

Public .
utilities *

Finance ♦♦

Services

Manufacturing

IN —

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

2 98
98
-

100
95
5
-

96
93
3
-

Public
utilities ♦

M ETHOD OF PAYM EN T

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g p a id
v a ca tio n s
__ — ---------------- __ -------- — —
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t _____________ __
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t _ _______ _____ __
F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t _____ __ ___
_____ ____
O th e r _______________________ _ __ __ _______________
_
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g n o p a id
v a c a t i o n s _______ _____ __ _____ __ „ ___

t

t

t

4

t

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
.

_

20
t
78
t

15
t
81
_

9
_
91
_

25
_
74
t

t

t

-

-

t
t

U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________________________________
1 w e e k _ ___________ ___
_____________ „ __ _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w eeks
__
__ _____ __ __ __
_
_ __ _
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
— -------- — —
3 w e e k s ___ ___ __
_ __ _ __ __ __
___

_

t

69
31
.

_
3
97
-

“

28
64
t
7

_

_

_

t
77
t
16
T

t
83
t
9
t

63
37
.

61
34
t

62
38
-

3
84
8
-

3

5

*

“

-

t

t

_
52

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

_

U nder 1 w eek
__ _____ __
_______ ___ __
1 w e e k _ ___
_________ _ ______ ___ _____
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s
___ __
2 w eeks
_____ ___ ___ ___ _ ____ _______ _____ _
_
_
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______ ______ __
3 w e e k s ___
___
____
__ __ __ _____ __

94

t
3

_

_

_

4

t

3
t

t

94

99

99

t

-

-

-

•

9

_
-

t

t

21

-

90
-

_
98
-

5

-

_
_

.

t

.
86
3

41
7
47

9
33

t

t

_
25
_
75
-

4

6

~

_
100

-

_

3

29

9

5

_

35
6

62

91
-

51

t
*

“

t

_
13
3
81
t

_
7
93

3
3
6
83

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________ __ _ __ __ __ ________
1 w e e k _ ------------------------- ----- ----- __ __ __ __
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s
— _________ __ __
2 w eeks
_____ __
_____ ___ _______ ___ ___________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s
_____ ___ _______ -

_

_

t
t

t
t

95
t
4

92
t




_

t

99

99

99

-

t

.

-

5

See footn otes at end o f table.
* T ra n sp orta tion (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t ilit ie s .
♦ ♦ F in an ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .

N O TE:

_
t

_
100

74
3

22

9
65
t
4

28
12
51
t
6

-

O ccu p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r il 195$
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tics

In the tabulations o f v a ca tio n a llo w a n ce s b y y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym ents o th e r than "len gth o f t i m e , "
such as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual earn in gs o r fla t -s u m p aym en ts, w e re co n v e rte d to an equivalent tim e
b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e arn in gs was c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p a y .

-

_

t

17

Table B-5: Paid Vacations > Continued1
2
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A l l w o r k e r s _____

_________

_________

All
industries

Manufacturing

100

100

Public *
utilities *

100

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Services

All i
industries

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

t

t
t

-

89
4

100

3

72
3
24

t
t
88
4
7

_
_

-

-

“

-

Finance * *

100

Public *
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

t

3
_
92
_

A M O U N T O F V A C A T I O N P A Y - C o n tin u e d

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k _ _____
___________ __ _______
_____ _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___ _____ _____
2 w eeks _
_
__
__________ ____ __
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
3 w eeks
__ _____ _____ _________ _________ __
4 w e e k s a n d o v e r ________________
_________

t
90
5
5
-

_

_
_

_

6

_
_

_
94
3
3

-

-

t

-

89
5

100

95

t
t

_
87

10

6
t

_

_
_
95
3

t

84

6
8
-

t
t

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________ ________ _______________ _
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
_________ __ __ __ _
3 w eeks
__ __ _____________ __ __ __
4 w e e k s a n d o v e r __ ___ ___ _______ ___
_____ _

t

62

8
28

t

_
62
5
30
3

_
81
16

t

_
77
3
17
3

t

_

t

t

53

61

16

t

12

35

41
5

48

62
3
35

49

-

-

t

_
20

25

58
13
28

75

t

-

t
16
t

t
10
t
86
t

_

t

3
90

5

76
4
17

30

3

~

t

-

t

-

24

t
20

t

78
-

3
82
-

59

8

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s _______________________________________________ O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s a n d o v e r ------------------------------------------------------

t
14

t

80

t
3

_

_

10
t

9
75
16

85
3

“

24

t

t
12
-

72
3

88

_
24

t
11

t
66

74
15

“

-

10
t

t

t
79

72
-

85
3

44
7

_

46

t

t

-

-

15

9

t

t

t

t

59

22
t
68

■

■

41

7

79

t
t

20
t

t

11
-

t

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 2 w e e k s _ ___ _ ____ __
_
_
_
____ __________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s a n d o v e r ___________________________________

t
14

t
75

t
10

_
9
_
82

t

7

_
9
74
17

-

8

10
t

75

t
11

73

82

7

t
8

t

.
43

t

t

-

-

15

9

t
52

20
t

46
-

4

t

18
63
-

16

3
78
15
"

t

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

t

2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___ __ -------3 w eeks
-----_ — __ —
— ~
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------- — — -----------4 w e e k s an d o v e r _
_ _ _ _ _ __ __ — — ------

13

_

_

9

9

23

63
28

50
25

t

-

56

69

t

t
22

31

_

t

t
11

_

7

-

-

12

t

58

76

t

46
-

34

1 In clu d es data f o r r e a l esta te in addition to those industry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 A p p r o x im a te ly 2 p e r c e n t w e re in e stablish m en ts that did not p ro v id e paid v a ca tio n s until a fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e ,
f L e s s than 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n sp o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er pu b lic u tilitie s .
♦ ♦ F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .




11

t

t

60

69

t
22

t

18

58

-

-

48

19

t

18
~
37

*

42

3
78
“
15

“

t

18

Table B-6: Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D

T yp e o f plan

A ll w o r k e r s _____________________________________

A ll
in d u stries

100

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic
u t ili t ie s *

W h o le sa le
tr a d e

100

100

100

R e ta il tra d e

100

IN —

|

F in a n o e * *

100

Services

100

PERCEN T OF PLAN T W O RK ERS EM PLOYED

A ll
!
in du stries

M a n u fa ctu r in g

100

100

P u b lic
u tilitie s *

100

W h o le s a le
trade

IN —

R e ta il tr a d e

100

100

S e rv ice s

100

W orkers in e sta b lish m en ts p rovid in g:
L ife in su ra n ce ______________________________
A c cid e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in su ra n ce __________________________________
S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce
o r s ic k lea v e o r b o t h 1 ____________________
2
S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce ______
S ick le a v e (full Day and no
w aiting p e r io d ) _________________________
S ick le a v e (p a rtia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d ) _________________________
H osp italization in su ra n ce __________________
S u rg ica l in su ra n ce _________________________
M ed ica l in su ra n ce __________________________
C a ta stroph e in su ra n ce ___________________ _
R etirem en t p en sion _________________________
No health, in s u ra n ce , o r p en sion
plan ________________________________________

1
2
f
*
**

93

97

96

91

82

97

71

92

97

96

87

77

86

42

53

18

58

24

40

21

47

54

29

51

32

26

75
44

84
67

95
30

67
38

83
23

58
27

46
18

87
73

92
84

96
47

66
53

74
49

76
72

35

39

35

44

5

40

25

5

t

33

21

3

10

16
79
78
51
17
73

9
88
87
59
9
77

49
42
41
18
16
92

4
82
81
58
7
68

59
79
68
21
39
64

84
88
65
30
73

t

10
60
62
40
7
38

14
86
83
55
7
64

11
91
90
60
5
69

38
56
56
26
20
85

7
78
76
51
5
55

29
80
66
38
11
53

87
80
70
5
22

3

t

t

4

13

t

9

3

2

2

8

7

9

Inclu des data fo r re a l estate in add ition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
U nduplicated total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ick n e s s and a ccid e n t in su ra n ce shown se p a ra te ly below ,
L e s s than 2. 5 p e r c e n t.
T ra n sp orta tion (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
F in a n ce, insurance, and r e a l e sta te .




t

O ccu p a tion a l Wage S u rv ey , C h ic a g o , 111. , A p r il 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R
B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tics

A p p e n d ix ’ Job Descriptions
*

19

T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip t i o n s f o r the B u r e a u ’ s w a g e s u r v e y s is to
a s s i s t its f ie ld s t a ff in c la s s if y in g in to a p p r o p r ia t e o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r
a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s fr o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t
a n d f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is is e s s e n t ia l in o r d e r to p e r m i t th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e
r a t e s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t and
in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ili t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , the B u r e a u ’ s jo b d e s c r ip t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i ­
c a n t ly f r o m th o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In
a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s a r e in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k ­
in g s u p e r v i s o r s , a p p r e n t ic e s , l e a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , t r a i n e e s , h a n d ic a p p e d w o r k e r s , p a r t - t i m e ,
t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

Off ic e
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r
than an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r . M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s
a s to b illin g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n ­
c id e n t a l to b illin g o p e r a t i o n s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s ,
m a c h in e , a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o llo w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) - U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g
m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l lio t t F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h
a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g an d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i lls and
i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n
o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s an d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s an d e n tr y o f
n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n ot be c o m p u te d on the
b illin g m a c h in e , an d t o t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e d
b y m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b e r o f
c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d an d is o fte n d on e on a
fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) - U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e (S u n d s tra n d , E l lio t t F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h
m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s '
b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a lly
in v o l v e s th e s im u lt a n e o u s e n t r y o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r
record .
T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s f ig u r e s on a
n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s an d c o m p u te s and u s u a lly p r in t s a u t o ­
m a t i c a l l y th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s . D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n ifo r m and s ta n d a r d ty p e s o f
s a le s an d c r e d i t s l i p s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l lio t t
F i s h e r , S u n d s tra n d , B u r r o u g h s , N a tio n a l C a sh R e g is t e r , w ith o r w it h ­
ou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .




B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R - C o n tin u e d
C la s s A - K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f
an d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s an d fa m ilia r i t y w ith
th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m u s e d .
D eter­
m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d i t ite m s
to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d
r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , an d o th e r r e c o r d s b y h an d.
C la s s B - K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s
o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n ot in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
u n d e r b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in ­
v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, e t c .
M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r ia l
b a la n c e s an d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r the a c c o u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A - U n d er g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t ­
a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r k e e p in g on e o r m o r e s e c t io n s o f a c o m ­
p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to on e p h a s e o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t 's b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s . W o r k in v o lv e s p o s t in g and b a la n c in g
s u b s id i a r y le d g e r o r le d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le o r a c ­
c o u n ts p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g and c o d in g i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith
p r o p e r a c c o u n tin g d is t r ib u t io n ; r e q u ir e s ju d g m e n t and e x p e r ie n c e
in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s ig n a t io n s and a l l o c a t i o n s .
M a y a s s i s t in
p r e p a r in g , a d ju s tin g , an d c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ; m a y d ir e c t c la s s
B a c c o u n tin g c l e r k s .
C la s s B - U n d er s u p e r v i s io n , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s s u c h a s p o s t in g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s ,
a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s ; e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ;
r e c o n c i l i n g ba n k a c c o u n t s ; p o s t in g s u b s id i a r y le d g e r s c o n t r o lle d
by g e n e ra l le d g e r s .
T h is jo b d o e s n ot r e q u ir e a k n o w le d g e o f
a c c o u n t in g an d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s but is fou n d in o f f i c e s in
w h ic h th e m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n tin g w o r k is s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c ­
tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

20
CLERK,

F IL E

C la s s A - R e s p o n s ib le f o r m a in ta in in g an e s t a b lis h e d filin g
sy stem .
C l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o r o th e r m a t e r ia l ;
m a y a l s o f i l e th is m a t e r ia l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s
in c o n ju n c t io n w ith f i l e s o r s u p e r v i s e o t h e r s in fili n g and lo c a t in g
m a t e r ia l in the f i l e s .
M a y p e r f o r m in c id e n t a l c l e r i c a l d u t ie s .
C la s s B - P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f ilin g , u s u a lly o f m a t e r i a l that
h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d , o r lo c a t e s o r a s s i s t s in lo c a t in g m a ­
t e r i a l in the f i l e s .
M a y p e r f o r m in c id e n t a l c l e r i c a l d u t ie s .
CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y
m a il, p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a ll y .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e
fo llo w in g :
Q u otin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g ou t an o r d e r s h e e t
lis tin g the it e m s to m a k e up the order*; c h e c k in g p r i c e s an d q u a n titie s
o f ite m s on o r d e r s h e e t; d is tr ib u tin g o r d e r s h e e ts to r e s p e c t i v e d e ­
p a r tm e n ts to b e f i l l e d .
M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r ­
m in e c r e d i t r a tin g o f c u s t o m e r * a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m
c u s t o m e r s , f o llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that th ey h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p
f ile o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k s h ip p in g in v o i c e s w ith o r ig i n a l
ord ers.

CLERK,

K E Y -P U N C H O P E R A T O R
U n der g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s io n an d w ith n o s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t i e s , r e c o r d s a c c o u n tin g an d s t a t i s t i c a l d a ta on ta b u la tin g c a r d s
b y p u n ch in g a s e r i e s o f h o le s in the c a r d s in a s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e ,
u s in g an a lp h a b e t ic a l o r a n u m e r i c a l k e y -p u n c h m a c h in e , fo llo w in g
w r it t e n in fo r m a t io n on r e c o r d s .
M a y d u p lic a t e c a r d s hy u s in g the
d u p lic a t in g d e v ic e a tta ch e d to m a c h in e .
K e e p s f i l e s o f p u n ch c a r d s .
M a y v e r i f y ow n w o r k o r w o r k o f o t h e r s .
O F F IC E B O Y O R G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u t in e d u tie s s u c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s ,
o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g
an d d is tr ib u tin g m a il, and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
SECRETARY
P e r f o r m s s e c r e t a r i a l an d c l e r i c a l d u tie s f o r a s u p e r i o r in an
a d m in is t r a t iv e o r e x e c u tiv e p o s i t i o n . D u tie s in c lu d e m a k in g a p p o in t ­
m e n ts f o r s u p e r io r ; r e c e i v i n g p e o p l e c o m in g in to o f f i c e ; a n s w e r in g
and m a k in g p h o n e c a l l s ; h a n d lin g p e r s o n a l an d im p o r t a n t o r c o n f i ­
d e n tia l m a il, and w r it in g r o u t in e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on ow n in it ia t iv e ;
ta k in g d ic ta tio n (w h e r e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e is n o t u s e d ) e it h e r in
sh o r th a n d o r b y s te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e , and t r a n s c r ib in g d i c t a ­
tio n o r the r e c o r d e d in fo r m a t io n r e p r o d u c e d on a t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e .
M a y p r e p a r e s p e c ia l r e p o r t s o r m e m o r a n d a f o r in fo r m a t io n o f s u p e r i o r .

PAYROLL
STENOGRAPH ER,

GENERAL

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s th e n e c e s ­
s a r y data on the p a y r o ll s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s '
e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; p o s t in g c a lc u la t e d data
on p a y r o ll s h e e t , sh o w in g in fo r m a t io n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t im e , r a t e , d e d u c t io n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and to t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y
m a k e out p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up an d d i s ­
tr ib u tin g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

P r im a r y du ty is to ta k e d ic t a t io n f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e it h e r in sh o rth a n d o r b y s t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g a
n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y , an d to t r a n s c r i b e th is d ic t a t io n on a t y p e ­
w r i t e r . M a y a l s o type fr o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y a l s o s e t up an d k e e p
f i l e s in o r d e r , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n ­
s c r ib in g - m a c h in e w o r k (s e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r ) .

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPH ER,

P r i m a r y du ty is to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e ­
m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t io n s .
T h is jo b is n ot to be c o n fu s e d w ith that o f
s t a t is t ic a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y in v o lv e fr e q u e n t u s e o f
a C o m p t o m e t e r bu t, in w h ic h , u s e o f th is m a c h in e is in c id e n t a l to
p e r f o r m a n c e o f o t h e r d u t ie s .

P r im a r y du ty is to ta k e d ic t a t io n f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e it h e r in sh o rth a n d o r b y s t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g a
v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y s u c h a s in le g a l b r i e f s o r
r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h an d to t r a n s c r i b e th is d ic t a t io n o n a
t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y .
M a y a l s o s e t up and
k e e p f i l e s in o r d e r , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e
t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e w o r k .

T E C H N IC A L

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM E O G R A P H O R D IT T O )
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s io n an d w ith n o s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t i e s , r e p r o d u c e s m u lt ip le c o p ie s o f ty p e w r itte n o r h a n d w r itte n
m a tt e r , u s in g a m im e o g r a p h o r d itto m a c h in e . M a k e s n e c e s s a r y a d ­
ju s t m e n t s u c h a s f o r in k and p a p e r fe e d c o u n te r an d c y li n d e r s p e e d .
Is not r e q u ir e d to p r e p a r e s t e n c il o r d itto m a s t e r . M a y k e e p f i l e o f
u s e d s t e n c ils o r d itto m a s t e r s .
M a y s o r t , c o l l a t e , an d s t a p le c o m ­
p le te d m a t e r ia l .




O p e ra te s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d .
D u tie s in v o lv e h a n d lin g in c o m in g , o u t g o in g , and in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e
c a lls .
M a y r e c o r d t o ll c a lls an d ta k e m e s s a g e s .
M a y g iv e i n f o r ­
m a t io n to p e r s o n s w h o c a l l in , o r o c c a s i o n a l l y ta k e t e le p h o n e o r d e r s .
F o r w o r k e r s w h o a l s o a c t a s r e c e p t i o n i s t s s e e s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t .

21
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T

tio n
ty p e
T h is
t im e

In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r , on a s in g le p o s i ­
o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w it c h b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n is t an d m a y a l s o
o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u la r d u t ie s .
ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y take the m a jo r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r ’ s
w h ile a t s w it c h b o a r d .

T A B U D A T IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR

O p e r a te s m a c h in e th at a u t o m a t ic a lly a n a ly z e s and t r a n s la t e s
in fo r m a t io n p u n c h e d in g r o u p s o f ta b u la tin g c a r d s and p r in ts t r a n s ­
la te d data on f o r m s o r a c c o u n t in g r e c o r d s ; s e t s o r a d ju s ts m a c h in e ;
d o e s s im p le w ir i n g o f p lu g b o a r d s a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b lis h e d p r a c t i c e
o r d ia g r a m s ; p l a c e s c a r d s to b e ta b u la ted in fe e d m a g a z in e an d s t a r t s
m a c h in e . M a y f i l e c a r d s a ft e r th ey a r e ta b u la te d . M a y , in a d d itio n ,
o p e r a t e a u x ilia r y m a c h in e s .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR,

in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w h o ta k e s d ic ta tio n in s h o r th a n d o r b y s te n o ty p e
o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia l o r to
m a k e ou t b i lls a ft e r c a lc u la t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n .
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l tr a in in g , s u c h as k e e p ­
in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s o r s o r t in g and d i s ­
tr ib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A - P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g :
T y p in g
m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo r m fr o m v e r y r o u g h an d in v o lv e d d r a ft; c o p y ­
in g f r o m p la in o r c o r r e c t e d c o p y in w h ich th e r e is a fr e q u e n t
an d v a r ie d u s e o f t e c h n ic a l and u n u su a l w o r d s o r fr o m f o r e i g n la n g u a g e c o p y ; c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ,
or
p la n n in g la y o u t o f c o m p li c a t e d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n i­
f o r m i t y and b a la n c e in s p a c in g ; ty p in g ta b le s f r o m r o u g h d r a ft in
fin a l f o r m .
M a y ty p e r o u tin e fo r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils to
s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty is to t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l
r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m t r a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o
ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y an d d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s t r a n ­
s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u ­
l a r y s u c h a s l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ifi c r e s e a r c h a r e n ot

P rofessional

DRAFTSM AN,

JU N IO R

(A s s is t a n t d r a ft s m a n )
D r a w s to s c a l e u n its o r p a r t s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y d r a f t s ­
m a n o r o t h e r s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , o r m a n u fa c tu r in g p u r ­
poses.
U s e s v a r io u s ty p e s o f d r a ftin g t o o ls a s r e q u ir e d .
M ay p r e ­
p a r e d r a w in g s f r o m s i m p le p la n s o r s k e t c h e s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r d u tie s
u n d e r d i r e c t i o n o f a d r a ft s m a n .
DRAFTSM AN,

LEADER

P la n s an d d i r e c t s a c t i v it ie s o f on e o r m o r e d r a ft s m e n in
p r e p a r a t io n o f w o r k in g p la n s an d d e ta il d r a w in g s fr o m r o u g h o r p r e ­
lim in a r y s k e t c h e s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , o r m a n u fa c tu r in g
p u r p o s e s . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f the fo llo w in g : I n te r p r e t in g
b l u e p r in t s , s k e t c h e s , an d w r it t e n o r v e r b a l o r d e r s ; d e t e r m in in g w o r k
p r o c e d u r e s ; a s s ig n in g d u tie s to s u b o r d in a t e s and in s p e c tin g th e ir w o r k ;
p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d if f i c u lt p r o b l e m s . M a y a s s i s t s u b o r d in a t e s d u r in g




G E N E R A L - C on tin u ed

C la s s B - P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
T y p in g
f r o m r e la t iv e l y c le a r o r ty p e d d r a ft s ; r o u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s ,
in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; s e ttin g up s im p le s ta n d a r d ta b u la tio n s , o r
c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

and

Technical

DRAFTSM AN,

L E A D E R - C on tin u ed

e m e r g e n c ie s o r a s a r e g u la r a s s ig n m e n t , o r p e r f o r m
o f a s u p e r v i s o r y o r a d m in is t r a t iv e n a tu r e .
DRAFTSM AN,

r e la t e d d u ties

S E N IO R

P r e p a r e s w o r k in g p la n s and d e t a il d r a w in g s fr o m n o te s ,
r o u g h o r d e t a ile d s k e t c h e s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , o r m a n u ­
fa c t u r in g p u r p o s e s .
D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
P r e p a r in g w o r k in g p la n s , d e t a il d r a w in g s , m a p s , c r o s s - s e c t i o n s , e t c .,
to s c a l e b y u s e o f d r a ftin g in s t r u m e n ts ; m a k in g e n g in e e r in g c o m p u t a ­
tio n s s u c h as th o s e in v o lv e d in s tr e n g th o f m a t e r i a l s , b e a m s and
t r u s s e s ; v e r ify in g c o m p le t e d w o r k , c h e c k in g d im e n s io n s , m a t e r ia ls
to b e u s e d , and q u a n titie s ; w r it in g s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; m a k in g a d ju stm e n ts
o r c h a n g e s in d r a w in g s o r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s . M a y in k in lin e s and le t t e r s
on p e n c i l d r a w in g s , p r e p a r e d e t a il u n its o f c o m p le t e d r a w in g s , o r
t r a c e d r a w in g s .
W o r k is fr e q u e n t ly in a s p e c i a l i z e d fie ld s u c h as
a r c h i t e c t u r a l , e l e c t r i c a l , m e c h a n ic a l, o r s t r u c t u r a l d r a ftin g .

22
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

M a i n t e nan c e

a

TRACER
Copies
tracing cloth or
Uses T-square,
simple drawings

plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
paper oyer drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
and do simple lettering.

d Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician's handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually a c ­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.



FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

23
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment.
In general, the
machinist’s work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.



Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency.
In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

24
PIPEFITTER i MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications*.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker’s work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber^ snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

and

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.



Move me n t

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping £x scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms.
Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

25

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK * Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows;
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Skipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers' orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.
PACKER,

SHIPPING

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is r e ­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or



Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as; Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers1 houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows; (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under P /2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons" other than trailer type)
TRUCKER,

POWER

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows;
Trucker, power (forklift)
T rucker, power (other~than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆

U. S. GOVERNM ENT P R IN T IN G OFFICE : 1956

O— 389604


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102