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Occupational Wage Survey

PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND
M ARCH 1 9 5 6

B L S B ulletin No. 1 1 8 8 -1 4

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU OF LABOR S A I T C
TTSIS
Ewan Clague, C m i s o e
omsinr




O c c u p a tio n a l Wage S u rv ey
P R O V ID E N C E , RHODE ISLAN D




MARCH 1956

Bulletin No. 1188-14
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
June 1956
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cents




Contents
P a ge
In tr o d u c tio n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------■
-------------------------------------------------W age tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p s --------------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
3

T a b le s :

A:

O ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s * A - l : O ffic e o ccu p a tio n s ------------------------------------------------A - 2 : P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ica l o cc u p a tio n s --------A - 3 : M a in ten a n ce and p ow erp la n t o cc u p a tio n s -----A - 4 : C u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o cc u p a tio n s

B:

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a ge p r o v is io n s * B - l : Sh ift d iffe r e n tia l p r o v is io n s
-----------------------------B - 2 : M in im u m en tra n ce ra tes f o r w o m e n o f fic e w o r k e r s
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------B - 3 : S ch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------B - 4 : P a id h olid a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------B - 5 : P a id v a ca tio n s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------B - 6 : H ealth , in s u ra n ce , and p e n s io n plan s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A p p en d ix :




J ob d e s c r ip t io n s

-------------------- ■
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu lation s f o r m o s t o f th ese ite m s a r e a v a ila b le in the P r o v id e n c e a r e a
r e p o r t s fo r D e c e m b e r 1951 and D e c e m b e r 1952.
A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g date o f stu dy and
the p r i c e of the r e p o r t s , as w e ll as r e p o r ts f o r o th e r m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon
r e q u e s t.
A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o cc u p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and su p p le m e n ta ry w a ge p r a c t ic e s is a ls o
a v a ila b le f o r p o w e r la u n d rie s and d r y c le a n e r s in the P r o v id e n c e a r e a (M ay 1955).
U nion
s c a l e s , in d ica tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g p a y l e v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le f o r the fo llo w in g tra d e s o r in d u s ­
t r ie s :
B u ildin g c o n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g , l o c a l tr a n s it o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u c k
d r iv e r s .
______ __________________________________________

m

2
3

Ui

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------P e r c e n t ch a n g es in stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r o f fi c e c l e r i c a l and a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e
h o u r ly ea rn in g s f o r s e le c te d plant o cc u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s -------------------------------------------

vD 00

1:
2:

11
12
13
13
14
16
17




T h e C om m u n ity W age S u rv e y P r o g r a m

Th e B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tics r e g u la r ly co n d u cts a re a w id e
w age s u r v e y s in a n u m b e r o f im p o rta n t in d u s tria l c e n t e r s . The s tu d ie s ,
m a d e f r o m la te fa ll to e a r ly s p r in g , r e la te to o cc u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and
r e la te d s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fit s . A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t is a v a ila b le on
c o m p le tio n o f the study in e a ch a r e a , u s u a lly in the m onth fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d . T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s a dd ition al data n ot
in c lu d e d in the e a r l ie r r e p o r t . A c o n s o lid a te d a n a ly tica l b u lle tin s u m ­
m a r iz in g the r e s u lts o f a ll o f the y e a r f s s u rv e y s is is s u e d a fte r c o m ­
p le tio n o f the fin a l a r e a b u lle tin f o r the c u r r e n t rou n d o f s u r v e y s .

Occupational W age Survey - Providence, R. I. *
Introduction
Occupational em ploym ent estim ates represen t the total in all
establishm ents within the scop e of the study and not the number actually
su rveyed. B ecause o f d iffere n ce s in occupational structure among e s ­
tablishm ents, the estim ates o f occupational employment obtained from
the sam ple of establishm ents studied s e rv e only to indicate the relative
im portance of the jobs studied.
These d ifferen ces in occupational
structure do not m a terially a ffect the a ccu ra cy o f the earnings data.

The P rov id en ce area is one of several im portant industrial
cen ters in which the Departm ent of L a b o r s Bureau of Labor Statistics
conducted su rveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits.
In each a re a , data a re obtained by p erson al visits of Bureau field
agents to rep resen tative establishm ents within six
broad industry
d ivision s: M anufacturing; transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), c o m ­
m unication, and other public u tilities; w holesale trade; retail trade;
fin ance, in su ran ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s .
M ajor industry
groups excluded fro m these studies, besides ra ilro a d s, are govern ­
m ent operations and the con struction and extractive indu stries. E stab­
lishm ents having few er than a p re s crib e d number o f w ork ers a re om it­
ted a lso b ecau se they furnish insufficient employment in the occupations
studied to w arrant in clu sion . * W herever p ossib le , separate tabula­
1
tions a re p rovid ed fo r each of the broad industry d ivision s.

E stablishm ent P ra ctice s and Supplementary Wage P rovision s
Inform ation is p resen ted a lso (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on s e ­
lected establishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary benefits as they relate
to o ffice and plant w o rk e rs . The term "o ffic e w o r k e r s ," as used in
this bulletin, includes a ll o ffice c le r ic a l em ployees and excludes ad­
m in istrative, executive, p ro fe ss io n a l, and technical personnel. "Plant
w o rk e rs " include working forem en and a ll non su pervisory w orkers (in­
cluding leadm en and train ees) engaged in non office functions. A dm inis­
trative, executive, p ro fe ssio n a l, and technical em ployees, and f o r c e account con struction em ployees who a re u tilized as a separate w ork
fo r c e a re excluded. C afeteria w orkers 'and routem en are excluded in
m anufacturing indu stries, but a re included as plant w orkers in nonman­
ufacturing indu stries.

These su rveys a re conducted on a sample b asis because of the
u n n ecessa ry c o s t involved in surveying all establishm ents, and to insure
p rom pt publication of re s u lts. To obtain appropriate a ccu ra cy at m in i­
mum c o s t, a grea ter p rop ortion of large than of sm all establishm ents
is studied.
In com bining the data, how ever, all establishm ents a re
given their app rop riate w eight. Estim ates based on the establishm ents
studied a re p resen ted , th erefore, as relating to a ll establishm ents in
the industry grouping and a rea , 2 except fo r those below the minimum
s iz e studied.

Shift differen tial data (table B - l ) a re lim ited to manufacturing
indu stries. This inform ation is presented both in term s of (a) estab­
lishm ent p o licy , 3 presented in term s o f total plant w orker employment,
and (b) effectiv e p ra ctice , presented on the basis of w orkers actually
em ployed on the specified shift at the tim e of the survey. In estab­
lishm ents having varied d ifferen tia ls, the amount applying to a m ajority
was used o r , if no amount applied to a m a jo rity , the cla ssifica tion
"o th e r" was used.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected fo r study are com m on to a va riety of
m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing industries. Occupational c la s s if i­
cation is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take
accou n t of interestablish m en t variation in duties within the sam e job
(see appendix fo r listing of these d escription s).
Earnings data are
presen ted (in the A -s e r ie s tables) fo r the follow ing types of o ccu p a ­
tion s: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p rofession a l and technical; (c) m ain te­
nance and pow erplant; and (d) custodial and m aterial m ovem ent.

Minimum entrance rates (table B -2 ) relate only to the estab­
lishm ents visited .
They a re presented on an establishm ent, rather
than on an em ploym ent b a s is .
Scheduled hours; paid holidays; paid
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are treated statis­
tica lly on the basis that these a re applicable to a ll plant or office
w orkers if a m a jo rity of such w ork ers a re eligible or may eventually
qualify fo r the p ra ctice s listed . 4 B ecause of rounding, sums of indi­
vidual item s in these tabulations do not n e ce s s a rily equal totals.

Data a re shown fo r fu ll-tim e w orkers, i. e. , those hired to
w ork a regu lar w eekly schedule in the given occupational cla ss ifica tio n .
Earnings data exclude prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on
w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses a re e x ­
cluded a ls o , but c o s t -o f-liv in g bonuses and incentive earnings a re in­
cluded. W here w eekly hours a re reported, as for o ffice c le r ic a l o c ­
cupations, r e fe r e n c e is to the w ork schedules (rounded to the n earest
half hour) fo r which stra igh t-tim e salaries are paid; average w eek ­
ly earnings fo r these occupations have been rounded to the n earest
half d olla r.

The sum m ary of vacation plans is lim ited to form al a rra n ge­
m ents, excluding inform al plans w hereby tim e off with pay is granted
at the d iscre tio n of the em p loyer.
Separate estim ates are provided
3 An establishm ent was con sid ered as having a p olicy if it met
either of the follow ing conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
of the su rvey, or (2) had form a l p rovision s cov erin g late shifts.
4 Scheduled w eekly hours fo r o ffice w orkers (first section of
table B -3 ) a re presented in term s of the p roportion of women office
w orkers em ployed in o ffice s with the indicated weekly hours for women
w orkers.

* This rep ort was prep ared in the Bureau*s regional o ffice in
B oston, M a ss. , by Leo E pstein, under the direction of Paul V. M ulkern,
R egional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See table 1 fo r m in im u m -size establishm ent co v e re d .
2 The tabulation of minimum entrance rates fo r wom en o ffice
w o rk e rs rela tes only to p rov ision s in establishm ents studied.



1

2

a c c o r d i n g t o e m p l o y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u t i n g v a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s , s u c h
a s tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s , o r fla t -s u m a m o u n ts .
H o w e v e r , in th e t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t i o n a l l o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e ,
p a y m en ts n ot on a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r te d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t
o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u i v a l e n t o f
1 w eek’s pay.
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n
p la n s f o r w h i c h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r ,
e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts s u c h a s w o r k m e n ’ s c o m p e n s a t io n a n d
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y . S u c h p la n s i n c l u d e t h o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l
i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a i d
d i r e c t l y b y th e e m p l o y e r o u t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g fu n d s o r f r o m a fu n d
s e t a s i d e f o r t h is p u r p o s e . D e a t h b e n e f i t s a r e i n c l u d e d a s a f o r m o f
life in s u r a n c e .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to th a t t y p e o f i n ­
s u ra n ce u n d e r w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
t o th e i n s u r e d o n a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t
d is a b ility .
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p la n s t o w h i c h th e
e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h
h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s w h i c h r e q u i r e e m ­
p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 5 p la n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f th e e m p l o y e r (1 ) c o n ­
t r i b u t e s m o r e th a n is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2 ) p r o v i d e s t h e e m p l o y e e
T a b le 1:

w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d th e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e la w .
T a b u la tio n s
o f p a i d s i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o f o r m a l p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l
p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e w o r k e r ’ s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S e p a r a te t a b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d i n g t o
( l ) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y a n d n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d ( 2 ) p l a n s
p r o v id in g e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r i o d .
In a d d i t i o n t o th e
p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s
a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k l e a v e , a n u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l i s
sh ow n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e iv e e ith e r o r b o th ty p e s o f b e n e fit s .
C a ta s tro p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to a s e x te n d e d
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w h ic h a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e
n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, a n d s u r g ic a l p la n s . M e d ­
i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s t o p la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t
o f d o c t o r s ’ f e e s . S u c h p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y c o m m e r c i a l i n ­
s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t io n s o r th e y m a y b e s e l f i n s u r e d . T a b u la t io n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e
p la n s th a t p r o v i d e m o n t h l y p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f th e w o r k e r ’ s
life .

5

T h e t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y la w s in C a l i f o r n i a
do n ot r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s .

M in im u m s iz e
e s ta b lis h ­
m ent
in s c o p e o f
s tu d v 2

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scop e o f
s tu d y

S tu d ie d

W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y
C^i
A/l
o lu a ie u
T o ta l3

O ffic e

P la n t

__________________________ _______________

51

685

128

1 4 4 ,1 0 0

1 6 ,2 0 0

1 0 9 ,1 0 0

M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________ _________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 ______
W h o le s a le t r a d e _
_ ... ..
R e t a il t r a d e
_
_
... ___
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _______________
S e r v ic e s 6

51
51

496
189

70
58

1 1 1 ,9 0 0
3 2 ,2 0 0

8 ,4 0 0
7 ,8 0 0

9 0 ,2 0 0
1 8 ,9 0 0

51
51
51
51
51

20
33
78
30
28

11
9
22
9
7

8 ,4 0 0
2 ,8 0 0
1 3 ,2 0 0
5 ,0 0 0
2 ,8 0 0

1 ,7 0 0
( 5)
1 ,3 0 0

5 ,6 0 0
(*)
1 0 ,4 0 0

( )
i 5)

( !)
(5)

___

I s la n d

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in P r o v i d e n c e , R . I . , 1 by m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M a r c h 1956

In d u stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

a n d flh o d e

T ota l 3
5 9 ,9 4 0 .
4 0 ,2 2 0
1 9 ,7 2 0
7 ,7 1 0
820
7 ,3 5 0
2 ,8 4 0
1 ,0 0 0

1 T h e P r o v i d e n c e M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a ( C e n t r a l F a l l s , C r a n s t o n , P a w t u c k e t , P r o v i d e n c e , a n d W o o n s o c k e t c i t i e s , a n d 7 t o w n s in P r o v i d e n c e C o u n t y ; N o r t h K i n g s t o n
to w n in W a s h in g t o n C o u n t y ; W a r w i c k c i t y a n d 3 t o w n s in K e n t C o u n t y ; a l l o f B r i s t o l C o u n t y , R . I. A l s o A t t l e b o r o c i t y a n d 8 c o n t i g u o u s t o w n s in B r i s t o l , N o r f o l k , a n d
W o r c e s t e r C o u n t i e s , M a s s . ).
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n
o f th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t i n d e x e s t o m e a s u r e
e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d ata c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d
(2 ) s m a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m - s i z e l i m i t a t i o n . A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e ,
f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
3 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , t e c h n i c a l , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e and p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
4 A l s o e x c l u d e s t a x i c a b s , a n d s e r v i c e s in c i d e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n .
5 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t t o
j u s t i f y s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta .
6 H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s ; r a d i o b r o a d c a s t i n g an d t e l e v i s i o n ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d
e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

T a b u la te d b e lo w a r e in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s o f w o m e n o f f i c e c l e r i ­
c a l w o r k e r s , a n d o f a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , th e i n d e x e s r e l a t e t o a v e r a g e
w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s o f w o r k , th a t i s , th e s t a n d a r d w o r k
s c h e d u l e f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a r e p a id . F o r p la n t w o r k e r
g r o u p s , th e i n d e x e s m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ,
e x c lu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o li­
days,
a n d la te s h if t s .
T h e in d e x e s a r e b a s e d o n d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d
k e y o c c u p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s
w it h in e a c h g r o u p . E i g h t e e n j o b s w e r e i n c l u d e d in th e o f f i c e c l e r i c a l
i n d e x ; 10 s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e j o b s a n d 3 u n s k i l l e d j o b s w e r e i n c l u d e d
in th e p la n t w o r k e r i n d e x e s . S e e f o o t n o t e s t o t a b le 2.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
c o m p u te d f o r e a c h o f th e s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s w e r e t h e n m u l t i p l i e d b y th e a v e r a g e o f D e c e m b e r 1 9 5 2
a n d M a r c h 1 9 5 6 e m p l o y m e n t in th e j o b . T h e s e w e i g h t e d e a r n i n g s f o r
i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e th e n a d d e d t o o b t a in a n a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h
o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . F i n a l l y , th e r a t i o o f t h e s e g r o u p a g g r e g a t e s f o r a
g i v e n y e a r t o th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e b a s e p e r i o d ( s u r v e y m o n t h , w i n t e r
1 9 5 2 - 5 3 ) w a s c o m p u t e d a n d th e r e s u l t m u l t i p l i e d b y th e b a s e y e a r i n d e x
(1 0 0 ) t o g e t th e i n d e x f o r t h e g i v e n y e a r .




T h e i n d e x e s m e a s u r e p r i n c i p a l l y th e e f f e c t s o f ( l ) g e n e r a l
s a l a r y a n d w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e ­
c e i v e d b y in d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in th e s a m e j o b ; a n d (3) l a b o r
tu r n o v e r o r f o r c e e x p a n s io n o r r e d u c t io n .
A f o r c e e x p a n s io n m ig h t
i n c r e a s e th e p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u ­
p a t io n a n d r e s u l t in a d r o p in t h e i n d e x , w h e r e a s a r e d u c t i o n in th e
p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s w o u l d h a v e th e o p p o s i t e e f f e c t . T h e
i n d e x e s a r e a l s o a f f e c t e d b y s h i f t s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s e m ­
p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
th e m o v e m e n t o f a h i g h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t o u t o f a n a r e a c o u l d
c a u s e th e i n d e x t o d r o p , e v e n t h o u g h n o c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in
o th e r a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t s
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in th e in d e x .
N o r a r e th e i n d e x e s i n f l u e n c e d b y c h a n g e s in
s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s o r in p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e , s i n c e t h e y
a re b a s e d on pay fo r s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r s .
I n d e x e s f o r th e p e r i o d 1 9 5 2 t o 1 9 5 5 f o r w o r k e r s in 17 m a j o r
la b o r m a r k e ts ,
a p p e a r e d in B L S B u l l .
1172,
W a g e s an d R e la t e d
B e n e f i t s , 17 L a b o r M a r k e t s , 1 9 5 4 - 5 5 .

T a b le 2 : In d e x o f s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l 1 a n d a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d p la n t o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s 2 in P r o v i d e n c e , R . I . , M a r c h 1 9 5 6
and p e r c e n t o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
In d ex
(D e c e m b e r 1952 :
In d u s try and o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ff ic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) —
__
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ) —
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __ __ —

__ __
-------------- -----------— __ --------- __

M arch
1956

------

M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O ff ic e c le r i c a l (w o m e n ) _
__ --------- -----------------S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ) —
---------- —
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __ „
__ __ __ — --------- —

P ercen t
D e c e m b e r 1951
to
D e c e m b e r 1952

in c r e a s e s fr o m —
D e c e m b e r 1951
to
M a rch 1956

1 1 3 .0
1 1 3 .8
1 1 0 .5

5 .0
4. 7
4. 5

18. 6
19. 1
1 5 .5

1 1 4 .0
1 1 3 .6
105. 6

3. 1
4. 7
4 .7

1 7 .4
1 9 .0

B a s e d o n d a ta f o r th e f o ll o w i n g j o b s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w o m e n ):
B i l le r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e )
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A a n d B
C o m p to m e te r o p e r a to r s
C le r k s , file , c la s s A and B
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
K e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s
O ffic e g ir ls
S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten og ra p h ers, g en era l
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l
T y p is t s , c la s s A and B

100)

2

B a s e d o n d a ta f o r th e f o l l o w i n g j o b s :
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ):
C a rp en ters
E le c t r ic ia n s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t iv e
M illw r ig h t s
P a in t e r s
P ip e fit t e r s
S h e e t-m e ta l w o rk e rs
T o o l an d d ie m a k e r s
U n s k ille d p la n t ( m e n ) :
J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , an d c le a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g
W a tch m en

1 0 .6




5

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-l: Office Occupations
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings 1 for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in P rovidence, R . I . , by industry division , M arch 1956)
Avebagb
Number
of
workers

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Weekly
3 0 .0 0
earnings
and
(Standard)
^ 8 5

$
3 5 .0 0

$
4 0 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

60.00 6 5 . 0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

4 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

_
-

_

_

-

-

_
-

3
3

14
9
5

1

3

10

11

3

16

-

2

9

1

2
1

11
6

5

-

10

5

3

2

1
2

3
13

-

-

3
3

15
14

11

16

-

4

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

1

"

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

$

$

$
$
$
9 5 . 0 0 100.00 1 0 5 .0 0

$

$

110.00 1 1 5 .0 0

100.00 1 0 5 .0 0 110.00 1 1 5 .0 0 120.00

M en
C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s A
...
.
...
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
_____
...

95

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ______________________________ ___
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_.
.
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
____

110

C l e r k s . o r d e r ........
M a n u fa c t u r in g

_

10
10

86.00

“

-

-

-

7 3 .0 0
5 8 . do
8 0 .5 0

-

_
-

5
5

3

10

36
74

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

-

-

-

1
2

5
5

7
4
3

11

12

7
3
4

-

-

-

36
36

81
72

_

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

4 0 .0
l o T

7 0 .5 0
” 75753’ “

_

_

1
1

5
4

26

..

_

26

13
13

20

-

2
2

6

-

2
1

1

-

5
— 5------

-

“ Id —

-

-

-

"

"

_

_

_

3

3

_

-

-

-

5
4

_

-

8
8

_

-

12
12

_

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

49

8

10

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

5
3

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

1

1

2

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

1

1

2

3
3

47
48

8 7 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

-

_

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l __________________________________________ ______
M a n u fa c t u r in g
. __
_______ ...
. ...

33
26

3 9 .5
4 0 .0 ^

7 6 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

O ffic e b o y s
. ..............
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_ .............
... _
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ___ _______________________________________

79
31
48

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

4 2 .0 0
4 3 .0 0
4 1 .5 0

29
9

-

26

1

23

T a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s
_ _
M a n u f a c t u r in g ..... .
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
_ ....... .......................

81
37
44

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

6 8 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

_
-

_

1
1

54
31

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

-

-

-

-

1
8

-

_
-

-

-

8

6

1

7

7

3
3

-

2

1

5

4

1

20
8
12

9
9

17

4
4

6
6

_

6

29
27

6
6

14

1

12

-

_
-

7

7
— 5—

-

-

-

4 7 .0 0
5 1 .0 0

7

_

11

-

-

4

3 9 .5
" T 9 .5 ”
3 9 .0

4 5 .5 0
47” . 00
4 6 .0 0

2
2
2

4
4
4

42

6
6

26

5

7

-

-

-

5 6 .0 0
5 5 .0 0

_

_

_

6

-

-

-

-

6
6

3

“

4
4

2

-

25
24

2

U

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
___
___
M a n u f a c t u r in g
. ...
. ...
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
R e t a i l t r a d e ______________________________________________

373
22 4
149
31

3 9 .5
" T 9 .'f i
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

4 9 .5 0
5 1 .0 0
4 7 .5 0
4 6 .0 0

5
5

60
42
18

10

3
“ T ------

10
10

-

80
42
38
3

85
27

-

93
37
56
17

112

-

11

-

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s A
M a n u f a c t u r in g
.. ....
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

179
54
125

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

5 8 .5 0
6 3 .0 0
5 6 .5 0

_
_

_
_

9
_

25
13

23
7

-

-

9

45
_
45

12

16

435
218
217
103

3 9 .5

4 9 .5 0
54750
4 4 .0 0
4 3 .5 0

3
_
3
3

15
_
15

122
12
no

99

34
32

12

40

89
31
58
40

_
-

_
_

18

3 7 .0

5 2 .5 0
4 9 .5 0
5 6 .5 0

3 8 .5
4 0 .0 ”
3 7 .5

4 2 .5 0
4 1 .5 0
4 2 .5 0

_ ,.

_

6
1

7

1

5
------ 5”

_
_
-

“

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b il l in g m a c h i n e ) ________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g
....
. _
.. .. _ ...................

98
B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e ) ...
__
.
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
. ...
...... __
...... .... . _
__
_
— 57—
R e ta il tra d e
_
____
50
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A
M a n u f a c t u r in g
,. T ___ _ __
.

.

48

_ _ .... _

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s R
M a n u f a c t u r in g _ .
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
_ ....
R e ta il tra d e
C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A __
.....
... ....
M a n u f a c t u r in g
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
C le r k s , file , c la s s B _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ _
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

90
50
40
271

~7o9
162

" '4 0 .O '
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

■ T 9 .r “

’

-

-

5

14
5
9

_
_

47
3
44

167

38

~T3-----

T 7 ----22
6

2
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

.

_

-

“

"

-

>
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

1

4

22
10

3
3

4

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

19

8

1

2
2

2
2

52
47
5

17
16

2
2

1
_

1
1

1
-

-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

1

5

1

_
-

_
-

-

_
_

2

_
-

_

20
1

4

13

-

6

15

1

"

32

6
1

37

_

-

-

12
2
10

65

_

_
-

5
5
-

32
29
3

102

_
-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

1

_

-

1

5
_
5

1

1

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
-

3
'

See footnotes at end of table




Occupational Wage Survey, Providence, R. I . , March 1956
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

6

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings 1 for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in P roviden ce, R. I. , by industry division, March 1956
Avesaox

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

$

3 0 .0 0
and
under
3 5 .0 0

$

3 5 .0 0
“

4 0 .0 0
-

4 0 .0 0

4 5 . 00

$

$

$

4 5 .0 0
-

5 0 .0 0
-

5 5 .0 0
-

5 0 .0 0

3 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

$

6 0 .0 0
-

$
6 5 .0 0
-

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

$

7 0 .0 0
-

7 5 .0 0

$

7 5 .0 0
-

8 0 .0 0

$

$

-

8 5 .0 0
-

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

$

90.00
9 5 .0 0

$

$

$

$

9 5 .0 0
-

$

100.00 1 0 5 .0 0 110.00 1 1 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

100.00 1 0 5 .0 0 110.00 1 1 5 .0 0 120.00

Women - Continued

$

C lerks, o r d e r ______
M anufacturing___
Nonmanufacturing

220

C lerks, p a y r o ll_____
M anufacturing___
Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade __

27 3
53

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

474
356
118
57

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

2

5 1 .0 0
5 1 .0 0
4 9 .5 0
5 2 .5 0
5 1 .5 0
5 4 .5 0
5 1 .5 0

Comptometer o p e r a t o r s _____________________ __
M anufacturing_______________________________
Nonmanufacturing___________________________
Retail t r a d e _______________________________

236
132
104
72

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
38. 5
3 8 .5

34
25

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

281
144
137

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

Office g i r l s _____________________________________
M anufacturing_______________________________

69
47
762
440
322
83

S e c r e ta r ie s _____________________________________
M anufacturing_______________________________
Nonm anufacturing_______________ ____________
Retail t r a d e _______________________________
Stenographers, g e n e r a l_________________________
Manufacturing________________________________
Nonmanufacturing____________________________
Public utilities * __________________________
Stenographers, technical

921

1
1

11
11

_

3
3

_

_

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

72
45
27

58
57

29
18

3
3

10

5

„

_

-

4
4

_

4

1

11

_

6

16

-

-

-

52
51

51
49

1

2

49
30
19

111

114
98
16
9

64
36
28

10

3
.

91

3

20

-

-

18

1

12

_

_

73
44
29
24

38
18

33
18
15
7

24
13

10

11
11

2

19

1
1

12
12

-

-

11

14

-

-

_

6

_

_

95
34

47
36

32
24

6

61

11

8

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

4 2 .5 0
4 3 .0 0

2

1

1
1

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

6 1 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
5 9 .5 0 .
5 5 .0 0

69
37
32
14

63
19
44

56
25
31
7

.
.
_

.

-

-

1

522
399
45

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

5 1 .5 0
5 2 .5 0
5 0 .5 0
5 9 .0 0

-

-

4

29

3 9 .0

5 9 .5 0

_

.

.

_

.

.

1

147
34
113
40

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

5 0 .5 0
5 4 .5 0
4 9 .5 0
4 1 .0 0

Switchboard op era tor-recep tion ists
M anufacturing__________________
Nonm anufacturing______________
Retail t r a d e __________________

316
239
77
31

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

4 8 .5 0
4 8 .5 0
4 9 .0 0
4 6 .0 0

Tabulating-machine o p e r a t o r s _____
M anufacturing__________________
Nonmanufacturing______________

89
42
47

3 8 .0
3 ^ .0
3 7 .0

5 7 . 00;

-

56.60

.

19
.

180
61
119

.

5 8 .0 0

See footnotes at end of table.
*
Transportation (excluding railroads), com m unication, and other public utilities

-

-

-

3

2

_

_

_

-

_

-

.

_

_

_

-

.

_
_

-

-

"

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

6

1

_

.

_

_

5

1
1

.

-

-

-

-

.

_

.

.

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

8
273
17 6
97
3

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

120

44
13
31

20
10
10

1

_

1

_

4
4

22
20
2

1

97
23

89
52
37
9

8

88

105
75
30
13

-

.

.

.

.

1

1

-

1

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

*

_

75
31

1

36
24

14

2
1
1

1

1

.

-

-

.

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

3

97
59
38

1

8

21

“

9
5
4
-

4

14

8

1

2

2
2

3

4

•

-

.

.

3
-

4

-

■-

-

-

-

-

-

147

102

12
8

19

18

3

8
11

2
16

2
1

9

10
4

4

-

-

-

-

-

103
81

74
63

37
25

13
5

2
2

_

4

11

12

9

-

8
-

1

8
5
3

8
6
2

14

.

28
15
13

19
5
14

4
10

1

“

-

_

1
2

45

157
83
74

_

-

16

1

-

_

163

22

6

-

-

i

20

-

14

-

“

-

_

-

10

69
62 ,
7

_

-

19

14

_

_

-

8
6

.

.

_

-

14

-

_

_

2

2
44
17

_

1

-

46

19
19

_

9

.

3

„

■-

12
11

_

“

52
35

13

1

_
_

-

16

20

_

_

5
4

2
2

23
7

-

70
37
33

31
29

-

4 9 .0 0
5 0 .0 0
4 8 .0 0

14

Switchboard o p e r a t o r s __
M anufacturing_______
Nonmanufacturing___
Retail t r a d e ----------




6
6

-

63
60
3

_

4 4 .5 0
4 4 .0

Key-punch o p e r a t o r s ___________________________
Manufacturing_______________________________
Nonmanufacturing___________________________

19
9

10

.

16

_

5 1 .0 0
5 2 .5 0
4 9 .0 0
4 9 .0 0

Duplicating-machine operators (mimeograph or
d itto )__________________________________________
Manufacturing_______________________________

16

_

2

_

-

.

“

_

.
-

.
-

“

-

_

_

.
-

_

.

.
-

.
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

3

.

-

-

-

-

.

-

.

.

-

-

“

-

*

-

-

-

*

-

-

“

_

_

-

-

.

.

8
6
2

2

i
l

.

1

-

_

*

-

•

1

-

-

.

7

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings 1 fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
in P rovidence, R. I. , by industry division, M arch 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Avkbagk

Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

Of
workers

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weekly
(Standard)

$
3 0 .0 0

$
3 5 .0 0

$
4 0 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

(Standard) u n d e r
3 5 .0 0

4 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

Weekly

6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

$

$

$
7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

$
1 0 0 .0 0

$
1 0 5 .0 0

$
1 1 0 .0 0

$
1 1 5 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

$

$

9 0 .0 0

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,

149
89
60

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

$
4 8 . 50
4 8 . 50
4 8 .0 0

_

149
53
96

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

5 0 . 50
5 5 . 5 0l
4 8 .0 0

_

622
425
197

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 -0

4 5 .0 0
4 7 .0 0
4 2 .0 0

_
_

g e n e r a l _ _ __________
...
. -------- __

N n n m a n u fa r tn rin g

T y p is ts , c la s s A
M a n u fa r t iir iT ig

_________

______ ____ ____
.............. ......

N o n T n a n n fa ct'V »T iT 'g .

r .....

T y p is t s , r la s s R
M a n n fa r t ii-r in g
| J n n m a n iifa r t iir in g

,

-

,

_
_
. _

......

_

_

_
...

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

•_

_

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

„
_

72
45
27

14
7
7

40
21
19

13
11
2

1
1

5
5
-

2
2

1
1

1
1

13
_

43
_

29
20

13

_

43

9

19
9
10

17
9
8

6
4
2

10
7
3

8
4
4

4
4

337
173
164

168
141
27

65
62

18
17
1

23
23
_

6
6

_
.

5
3
2

3

_

_

Hours re fle ct the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspon d to these weekly hours.
2 Includes 1 worker at under $30.

1

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(Average straight-tim e weekly nours and earnings 1 for selected occupations studied on an area basis
in P roviden ce, R. I. , by industry division, M arch 1956)
Avzbagz
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
$
$
s
$
$
s
Is
Under 50.00 55.00 *60. 00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 *85.00 90.00 *95.00 100.00 105.00 *10.00 *115.00 *120.00 *125.00 *30.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00
and
$
j
and
under
50.00
55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 over

Men

$

D raftsm en, leader _
Manufacturing ---------

43
43

40.0
40.0

113.00
113.00

-

-

317
312

40.0
40.0

85.00
83.00

-

“

_

88
79

40.0
40.0

62.00
61.00

-

23
23

N urses, industrial (r e g is t e r e d )_________
M anufacturing________________________

116
104

40.0

67.00
67.50"

10

3

Draftsm en, senior
Manufacturing _

_
_____

Draftsm en, junior
_
Manufacturing _ __ ___

_ __
__ __
_

__

_

6
— ST-

4
4

7
7

10 •
10

1
1

-

36
36

11
11

9
9

3

J

23
23

2
2

3
3

-

-

-

“

-

.

_

_

_

_

,

_

_

-

“

-

-

-

-

2
2

3
2

23
22

36
35

38
37

95
94

29
29

4
4

39
38

3
3

12
4

5
5

2
2

-

8

30
30

28

6

U

4

9
7

2
2

20
20

.

-

-

10
10

2
2

2

2

— 2— ---- 2

-

_

_

-

*

"

1
1

1
1

-

-

~

-

-

.

_

.

_

— ;— 1

-

l
l

-

-

1

*©
o

Women

9

6

_

.

Hours re fle ct the workweek fo r which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp on d to these weekly hours.




O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,

P r o v id e n c e , R . I . , M a r c h 1 95 6
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u reau of

L a b o r S ta tis tic s

8

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e

h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d
in P r o v i d e n c e ,

R .

I

,

o c c u p a tio n s

b y in d u s t r y d iv i s io n ,

s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s

M arch

1956)

NUMBER OF W0RKER8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Average
hourly
earnings

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1. 10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1. 70 1. 80 1.90
1.00
■
“
■
■
“
under
1. 10
1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1. 70 1.80 1; 90 2.00

$
1.98
r.9 7
2.01

-

-

-

5
5
-

-

46

1.95
1.94
2.00

_
-

_
-

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y ---------------------- — -------------—
M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------— ------------

264
l !9

2.09
’ 1.94

_
■

_
■

F i r e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r ------------------------- --------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------- —-----------

440
3t l

1.65
1. §7

_
"

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------P u b lic u t i li t ie s * ------------

353
323
30
25

1.56
1.54
1. 77
1.81

M a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m ---------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------

239
239

M a c h in is t s , m a i n t e n a n c e ---------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------

603
§91

C a r p e n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------

246
210
36

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a i n t e n a n c e ---------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------

2 73

3
•
3

11
7
4

27
22
5

43
37
6

“

-

13
13
-

32
12
20

"

8
1

_
~

19
19

_
■

3
3

8
8

114
114

.
-

3
3
-

19
19
-

28
28
-

1.97
1.97

_

„
“

_

2.00
2. 00

_

2.01
2.63
1.97

M illw r ig h t s -------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------

_

24
24
“

12
11
1

-

12
” 10
2

17
15
2

19
19

2

59
59
-

26
25
1

45
43
2

16
16
-

26
23
3

34
24
10

8
2
6

11
10

32
31

9
2

16
'12

13
4

14
' 14

59
-

131
128

89
59

5
"

11
11

10
8

14
10

49
~

99
98
1
-

64
62
2
-

67
62
5
4

18
1 '
"B
3
2

48
29'
19
19

7
7
-

_
-

_
"

"

7
7

13
13

43
43

114
i 14

T A

23
275 ■

$
2. 70
2. 80

$
2. 80
2.90

i

12
4
8

2
2
-

„
-

8
6
2

2
2
-

40
“

_

41

-

26

1
-

6
-

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
.
-

_
-

30
30

4
4

21
21

1

2.9 0
3.00

-

_
-

%

$
3.00
3. 10

$
3. 10
and
over

-

-

2
2
-

_
-

_
_
-

2
_
2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
-

■_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

3
3

i

-

2
2

_

_
-

_
-

!
1

_

_

-

-

26

17
17

_

_

_

-

!
1

_

26

- ‘

-

-

16
3
16 -----3
”

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

_

_
-

-

.

_

_

_

-

-

13
13

99
99

76
70

48
46

75
73

56
55

52
~ 52

93
93

19
l8

28
26

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

8
6
-

11
5
3

51
48
39

38
37
37

11
11
11

32
31
31

3
2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

1. 79
1. 78

_
-

_

_

15
12

32
30

71
70

103
l66

47
47

11
11

40
38

16
16

1
-

_
*

2

-

_
-

_

“

*

1 '

2
-

~

_

_

_

2
2

_

41
4l

27
27

_
"

9
9

_
"

_
“

_
“

_
"

_

*

22
22

1
”

9
8

22
22

_
“

_

_
“

_
*

_
“

_
■

_
“

_

_
-

_
“

_
-

2

5■
4

9
9

_
-

_
"

_
■

18
14

_
“

■

_
-

_
"

_
-

>
-

173
-XS9-----123

-

-

-

1
1

16
16

25
25

60
60

40
40

27
27

2
2

_
-

_
-

2
2

10
2

16
10

21
18

1

5
5

8
8

41
41

29
29

6
5

14
"

22
22

_

_
■

2
"

_
-

7
---- ?----

5
5

_
-

1
1

1
-

3
3

5
5

■

-

_

.

56
56

132
132

50
§0

38
38

23
23

244
—

1.48
1.48

12
12

30
30

P a in t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e --------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------

83
T I ------

1.88
1792

-

-

138
121

1.96

S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s , m a in te n a n ce
M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------

28
27

2.09
2.09

pay fo r




_

_

_

-

"

-

-

_

_

_

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

513
2.31
T O ------ ' 2.31“

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s --------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------

(e x c lu d in g

_
-

P i p e f i t t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e -----------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------

T r a n s p o r ta tio n

2.30

$
$
$
2.4 0 2. 50 2 .6 0
*
“
2. 50 2 .6 0 2.70

-

O il e r s ---------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g --------- ----------------------

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m

2.20

$
2.30
■
2.40

-

340
325

M e c h a n i c s , m a in t e n a n c e —
M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------

1

$
2.20

102
1.86
“ TS2------ n
r

M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t iv e ( m a in t e n a n c e )
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------P u b lic u t i li t ie s * ----------------------------

*

$
2. 10

_
-

“

36

$
2.00
“
2. 10

o v e r tim e
r a ilr o a d s ),

and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s,
c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

h o lid a y s ,

an d la te

an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

s h ifts .

"

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e
U .S .

D EP AR TM E N T

OF

.

-

_
-

Su rvey,

1
1

_

_

8
8

_
-

2
2

_
“

4
4

_
-

_
-

-

“
73
73

2
2

43
43

58
“58

12
12

5
5 '

8
8

2
2

13
13

-

P r o v id e n c e ,

R.

I. ,

M arch

1956

LABOR
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

9

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average hourly earnings 1 for selected occupations 2 studied on an area basis
in Providence, R. I. , by industry division, March 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

62

E l e v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( m e n ) ___________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
_ _

30
83

E l e v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (w o m e n )
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
f lu a r d s ---- -------- M a n u fa c t u r in g

80
-----

155
14 r

_

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s (m e n )
M a n u fa c t u r in g
__ _ _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _
R e ta il tra d e
___ ,___

1 ,1 7 0
ST 5~
351

66
149

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d ic l e a n e r s ( w o m e n ) _______
M a n u fa c t u r in g . . . . .
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g . . . . .
. . .
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g .
.
M a n u fa c t u r in g . . .
. . .
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
. . .
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _
_
R e ta il tra d e
.
__
O rd er fille r s
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

.

.

.

.

_
. .
. .
_
. . .

_
. .
.
_
.

272
96
174
2, 214
1, 556
659
15 2
169

_

P a c k e r s , s h ip p in g (m e n ) . .
________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________ _ __________
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
.. — . .
_____

P a r k e r * , s h ip p in g (w o m e n )
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____ . _.

_ .....................
._
_.

_____

0 . 80
and
u n d er
. 90

1. 02
1.01

“

3 13
13 i

1 .0 8

1. 20
1. 01
1. 50
1 .4 3
1. 6 8
1. 74
1 .4 2

*14;
14
.
-

397
------ JW 2

31

$
1. 50

1.60

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

$

$

$

$

$

$

1 .7 0

1. 80

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

$
2 .3 0

1. 80

1 .9 0

2.00

2. 10

2.

2. 30

2 .4 0

7.0

■

39
39

5
5

2
1

24

_

_

_

_

_

_

22

-

■

-

-

-

“

“

-

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

10

2. 60

7.

*

6
6

10
10

65
53

7
7

30
30

22
22

12
12

1
1

_

_

_

*

-

-

25 2

20 4

126

2

121
83
13
17

84
49
35
25
■

16
1

75

63
48
15

19

11 1

170
146
24
3
7

10
2

7
4
~

_
-

10
10

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

■

162

166

132
30
-

44

122
122

20

-

24 0
5
23 5
30
37

11
8

45
45—

54

7

52

119
7

1
2
6

2
7

15
15

140
33
107

60
23
37

21
21

5
5

5

1
1

“

“

1

30
30
30

86

74
60
14
-

216

69
17
.
17

388
324
64
3

468
452

29 6
235

16

61

-

38

50
----- 58-----

12

241
162
79

20

“

"

“

_
-

21

"

21

1. 13
1 .1 3

_

_

-

“

1 .6 7
1. 6'7
1. 66

202

$
1 .4 0

1
1

_
-

_
-

----

$
1 .3 0

“

171
10 4
67
46

1 .6 5
1 .6 5
1. 74

-------

1 .3 0

$

"

9
9
9

1 .3 4
1 .3 7
1. 16

233

0

1.20

8
6

9
9
7

19 8

_

1. 7

$

3
■

1 .3 1
1. 33
1. 26
1 .5 4
1. 13

S h ip p in g c l e r k s __ _
_
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s _
__
M a n u fa c t u r in g
.. .. . . . . . . .
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____ __ _ -------

1. 10

26
i9

*

61 9
529
90

31

$

4
4

■

170

----- TFT”

1. 10

2
2

1. 53
1. 56
1 .4 7
1 .4 3

.

1.00

_

236
158
78
49

.

1. 00

$

_

R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s _____________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
..
.
----_ ..
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ..
.
_ _
R e ta il tra d e
. . . . .
. _
_
. . .
. . . .
__ __
_ _

0. 90

1 .4 4
1 .4 5 "

.
-

. . . . .

$

$

1. 30
1. 0 8

_

593

__ _

$

1 .4 5
1 .4 2
1. 54

_ _
—

._

Average
hourly
earnings

22
19
3
149
131
18

223
213

_
-

6

-

6

-

11

19 4

22
3

73
64
9

32
32

51
45

41
33

6

8

107
70
37

26
72
----- 7 !------ ------ 22

2
2

10

18

1

30
30

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

40
4o
-

_
_

_

_

_

-

_
-

3
_
3
_

45
_
45
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

_

-

2
2

2
2

_

-

1
1

“

*

“

"

"

_

—

56
56

44

30
30

.

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

“

3

_

-

-

„ -

-

_
-

■ •

12
12

“

40
3l
9
■

34
16
18
13

16
11

41
35

33
25

6

5

6

2

3

8
2

6
6

21
21—

22
22

24

8

20

47
45

3
3

4

■

2

33
22
11

37
31

73

6

-

-

*

"

_

-

-

15
15
"

23
23

.

.

3
3

"

“

.

-

.

-

67
67

30
24

■

12
10
2

_

92
92
“

4

_
-

45
42
3

5
3
3

8

-

_.

_

52

7
---------5

-

2

-

3

-

_
"

12

15

-

-

12

17
17

3

64
— 52—

-

11
----- 1----7

-------- g—

6

~ T B

5

'

—

35
32

3

-

3
3
-

-

“

”

14
9
5

_

13

-

10
3

_

“

3
10
10

"

_
“

_
-

-

4

— *—
■
1
1

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le .
O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , P r o v i d e n c e , R . I . , M a r c h 1956
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R




B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tics

10

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s 1 f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s 2 studied on an a re a b a s is
in P r o v id e n c e , R . I . , by in d u stry d iv is io n , M arch 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKEB8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

T r u c k d r i v e r s 5 __ _ _ __ _ __ __ ______ —
M a n u fa c t u r in g _ -------------- -------- ~ ----------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________________
P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * ______________________________
R e ta il tr a d e
__ -------- -------------------------------

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

$

0 .8 0
and
. under
.9 0

$
1 .8 3
1 .5 8
1 .9 5
1 .8 2
1 .4 6

1, 105
" 146
759
365
47

$

1.00

1. 10

1. 00

1.10

1.20

1 .3 4
1 .3 6

166
128
38

-

.

-

1.26
"

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d i u m ( lV a t o a n d
in c lu d in g 4 t o n s ) ____ _________ __ ________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _ _____ __ _____ __ _______
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

7
7

.

213
80
133

1 .8 2
1 .7 4
1 .8 7

58
45
13
7

58
45
13

$

1.20

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$

1.60

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

2 . 00

2 . 10

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2.00

2 . 10

2 .2 0

21
3
18
-

41
34
7
-

8

“

4

1

34
27
7

16
8
8

32

20
12

77
77
-

57
52
5
5

26

45
IS

4
4

5
5

51 6
------S I 423
356

50
3
47

$

-

-

-

1

'

39
39

T r u c k d riv e r s , h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
o t h e r th an t r a i l e r t y p e ) _______________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _ ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _______________ ___________
P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * __________________________

103
31
72
45

1 .7 7
1.60
1 .8 5

■-

-

-

-

-

-

20
3
17

1
1
“

-

-

4
4

5

11

1.88

'

1 .5 5
1 .5 5

-

.
'

W a t c h m e n _____________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
---------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
*

594
513
81

”

1 .2 8
i.'2 4 1 .5 0

-

'

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2
_

34
34
_

7
7
_

139
_

”

“

~

"

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

“

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

13
n r -

28
7

57
46

2

12
12

21

11

46
46

"

12
-

'

4
4
-

17
17
-

8

220

16
-

3
5

45
175
143

'

'

'

"

'

-

3
3
-

4
4
-

10
10

11
8

-

3

4
4
-

“

‘
58
58
-

71
71
-

48
48
-

14
14
-

49
24
25
25

25
25

47
47
-

16

19
19

2
2

1
1

_

_

6
6

-

-

3
3
-

23
23
-

'

'

"

-

.

.

4
4

139

-

-

-

“

20

”

-

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

'

"

'

'

"

63

1 .

2
61

-

7
7
7

-

-

-

16

2
2

1
1

-

_

_
-

37

1
1

'

-

-

'
.

'

.

16

-

12

3
3
-

-

'

.

8

-

-

8

16

16
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

'
184
— TTO —

6

'
46
43
3

E x clu d es p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r tim e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and late s h ifts .
Data lim ite d to m en w o r k e r s e x ce p t w h ere o th e r w is e in d ica te d .
Inclu des 4 w o r k e r s at $ 0. 70 to $ 0. 80.
Includes 7 w o rk e rs at $ 0 . 70 to $ 0 . 80.
Inclu des a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f t r u c k o p e r a te d .
T ra n sp orta tion (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s .




2 .4 0

2

"

1 .8 2

48
48

$
2 .5 0

~

2

-

*
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t ) ___________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ____________________________________

1 .7 0
1 .6 7

$
2 .4 0

2

“

-

1.86

357
307
50
25

$
2 .3 0

2 . 30

19 *
-

'

"

'
T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
______________________________
P u b li c u t i li t ie s * ______________________________

2 .2 0

-

2
*

'

1 .8 0
1 .7 4
1 .8 2
1. 82

27 1
-------- S T 180
143

$

19
7
“

"
T r u c k d r iv e r s , h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a i l e r t y p e ) ____________ _________ ___________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ____________________________
P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * __ __ _______________ _

$

'

-

7
7
7

• -

'

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d e r l l/ z t o n s ) ________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _ ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
__ „ _________________

$

$
0 .9 0

96
85

11

123
114
9

34
33

1

30
30

32
5
27

28
25
3

4
4

9
9

‘




11

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l: Shift Differential Provisions1
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —

1

(a)
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

In e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g
f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r —
S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

i

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h i ft w o r k

I

(b)

A c t u a l l y w o r k in g on —

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

T ota l

76. 1

6 1 .5

12 . 1

5 .3

W ith s h ift p a y d i ff e r e n t i a l

6 0 .2

61 . 5

9 .7

5 .3

4 2 .4

41. 1

7. 8

4 .3

9 .1
1 2 .5
3. 7
4 .4
2 .7
2. 1

.9
5 .6

2 .2

.3

1 0 .7

. 5
.3

1.8

1.0

.6

-

1 .9

. 5

.3

1.0

_

-

U n ifo r m c e n t s (p e r h o u r )

4 c e n t s ---------------------------5 c e n t s ---------------------------6 c e n t s ---------------------------7 c e n t s ---------------------------7Vz c e n t s ----------------------8 c e n t s ---------------------- -—
8Vz c e n t s -----------------------9 c e n t s --------------------------10 c e n t s -------------------------12 c e n t s -------------------------13 c e n t s -------------------------15 c e n t s --------------------------

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e

5 percen t ■
7 percen t ■
10 p e r c e n t
15 p e r c e n t
20 p e r c e n t

O th e r

N o s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l -------------------

1.0
_

6. 1
.9

-

. 7
1 6 .3
.9

2. 7

.8
.2

-

1.6
. 1

-

.2

"

■

1 7 .4

1. 1

1.0

2 .5

3 .2

2 .8
8.0

2 .8

.3
. 1

_

-

1 3 .3

1.2
1.0

.2
-

7 .1
1 .3
3 .0

.6

.8

-

-

-

4 .5

3 .0

.8

_

1 5 .9

-

2 .4

1
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l data a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f (a ) e s t a b l is h m e n t p o l i c y , a n d (b ) w o r k e r s a c t u a l ly e m p l o y e d o n la t e
s h i ft s a t the t im e o f the s u r v e y . A n e s t a b l is h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v in g a p o l i c y i f it m e t e i t h e r o f th e f o l l o w i n g c o n d i ­
t io n s : (1 ) O p e r a t e d la t e s h ift s a t th e t im e o f th e s u r v e y , o r (2 ) had f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g la t e s h i f t s .
O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , P r o v i d e n c e , R . I. , M a r c h 19 5 6
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

12

Table B-2:

Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office W orkers1

Num ber of establishm ents with sp e cifie d m inim um hiring rate in—
Manufacturing
Minimum rate
(weekly sa la ry )

A ll
industries

128

M anufacturing

Based on standard w eekly hours 2 o f—
A ll
schedules

Establishm ents studied —
-------—-------

Number of establishm ents with s p e c ifie d m inim um h irin g rate in—

N onm anufacturing

40

70

XXX

A ll
industries

A ll
schedules

Under
38

3834
/

40

58

XXX

XXX

XXX

A ll
schedules

128

FOR INEXPERIENCED TYPISTS

Establishm ents having a
specified m inimum —-------— ---------

73

43

35

under $ 3 2 .5 0 ----------under $ 3 5 .0 0 —-------under $ 3 7 .5 0 ----------under $40. 00 ---- -----under $42. 50 ---- ----under $ 4 5 .0 0 ----------under $47. 50 -------—
under $ 5 0 .0 0 ----- -—
under $52. 50 ----------under $ 5 5 .0 0 ----------over ------------- ------------

3
2
6
53
6
_
1
1
1

1
1
37
3
_
_
1
-

•
_

E stablishm ents having no
s p ecified m inim um — ----------- ----- -

30

21

XXX

Establishm ents which did not
em ploy w ork ers in this
c a t e g o r y -----*----------------- -------------------

24

6

1

-

$ 30 .00
$32. 50
$35 .00
$37. 50
$40. 00
$ 4 2 .5 0
$45. 00
$ 47 .50
$50. 00
$ 52 ,50
$55 .00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

Data not a v a i l a b l e ------------ ---------------

32
2
_
_
1
.

30

3
_
1
5
16
3
.
1

12

1
4
5
2
_
.
.

_

N onm anufacturing

B ased on standard w eek ly hours 2 of—
40

A ll
schedules

Under
38

38%

40

70

XXX

58

XXX

XXX

XXX

FOR OTHER IN EXPERIENCED C L E R IC A L WORKERS

4

12

83

1
.
1
l
*
_
1

2
_
_
8
1

8
1
4
4
60
3
2

43

35

1
1
39
1
1
_
■

34
1
-

40

12

4

21

8
1
3
3
21
2
.
1
_
1

3
1
7
1
_
-

1
1
1
_
1
_
-

6
1
1
11
1
_
-

“

-

1

9

XXX

XXX

XXX

35

23

XXX

12

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

18

XXX

XXX

XXX

9

4

XXX

5

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

-

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

1

1

____ _______
1 Low est s a la ry rate fo rm a lly established fo r hiring in experien ced w ork ers fo r typing or other c le r ic a l jo b s .
2 Hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em p loyees r e c e iv e their regular s tra igh t-tim e s a la r ie s .
Data a re presented fo r all workweeks com b in ed , and fo r the m o st com m on w orkw eeks re p o rte d .




O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,

P r o v id e n c e , R . I . , M a r c h 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

13

Table B-3:

Scheduled W eekly Hours
PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EM PLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS1EMPLOYED IN —
2

W eekly hours

A ll

w ork ers

--------------------------------------------------------

Under 35 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------35 hours --------------------------------------------------------------3 6 V hours ---------------------------------------------------------4
3 7 hours
_______________________ ____ ________________ _
37Vs hours ---------------------------------------------------------38 o r 3 8V2 hours -----------------------------------------------38 3 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------/4
39 o r 397a hours -----------------------------------------------40 hours -------------------------------------------------------------41 hours -------------------------------------------------------------42 hours ------- -------- -------- -----—_—______------ — -----Over 42 and under 45 h o u r s ------------------------------45 hours -------------------------------------------------------------46 hours and o v e r ----------------------------------------------1
2
3
t
*

All
_
industries

100
3
•
3
7
t
15
t
7
t
60
t
t
“

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

_

_

t
83
-

5
8
28
12
39

t
5
-

3
t
3

87
"

16

-

AU
industries 3

100

100

100

_

t
t
t
t
78
t
t
t
8
5

5
-

Public
utilities *

_

3

Manufacturing

100

Finance

t
t
83
t
10
4

_
86
14

_
3
10
5
28
13
26
6
9

Retail trade

Data rela te to w om en w ork ers only.
Includes data for'Swholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sepa ra tely.
Includes data fo r w h olesa le tra d e, real estate, and se rv ice s in addition to those industry division s shown sepa ra tely,
L ess than 2. 5 p e rce n t.
T ra n sp ortation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.

Table B-4: Paid Holidays1
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —

Item

A ll w o rk e rs

All
industries *

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EM PLOYED IN—

Finance

AU
industries

,

Manufacturing

Public
utUities *

Retail trade

--------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W ork ers in establishm ents p rovid in g
paid h o lid a y s ----------------------------------------------------5 holidays or l e s s -----------------------------------------6 holidays -----------------------------------------------------F u ll days o n l y ------------------------------------------P lus 1 half d a y -----------------------------------------7 holidays -----------------------------------------------------F u ll days o n l y ------------------------------------------Plus 1 half day ---------------------------------------8 h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------------9 h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------------10 h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------- ----------F u ll days o n l y ------------------------------------ : -----P lus 1 half day ---------------------------------------11 holidays ---------------------------------------------------W o rk e rs in establishm ents p rov id in g no
paid h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------

98
t
8
6
t
8
7
t
14
31
22
20
t
14

99
3
14
10
4
15
14
t
25
38
t
t
_
t

100
t
t

93
_
5
5
_
_
_
8
79
t
t

97
7
25
23
3
14
14
20
27
4
4
.

98
7
29
26
3
17
17
_
23
21
_

100
_
4
4
_
_
_
_
_
25
71
71

91
7
4
4
_
_
_
_
8
72

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

t

t

“

7

3

t

-

9

_
-

7
92
92
-

_
_

1 E stim ates rela te to fu ll-d a y holidays p rovid ed annually, as in e a rlie r stu dies. These a re furth er divided between w ork ers who re c e iv e m e re ly the indicated number o f fu ll-d a y holidays,
and those who r e c e iv e 1 o r m o re half holidays in addition.
2 Includes data fo r w h olesa le trad e; finance, insurance, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown separately.
3 Includes data fo r w h olesa le tra d e, real estate, and s e rv ice s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sepa ra tely.
t L ess than 2. 5 p e rce n t.
Occupational Wage Survey, P ro v id e n ce , R. I ., M arch 1956
* T ra n sp ortation (excluding r a ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
U .S . DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
Bureau of L abor Statistics




14

Table &&

(bid Vacations

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF PLANT W ORKERS EM PLOYED IN—

V a c a tio n p o lic y
AH
industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

------------------------------------------------------------------

M ETH O D

------------------------------------------------------------------

AM O UNT

A fte r

O F

V A C A T IO N

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100

91

11

-

-

98
61
37

92

6

98
67
31

95

89

100
100

100

94

8

4

“

t

t

_

5

13
-

76
7
13

85

t

t

-

1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e

w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s r ------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

A fte r 2 y e a r s

w eek
------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

3 y ears

83
4

3

~

“

39

t

t

72

59

8
4

18
-

34
-

82
•-

56
4

~

"

34

64
15
17

75
18
4

14
•

11

86

t
t

t

-

80
-

32
31
33

35
38
23

14
-

11

86

t
t

t

-

77
-

12

t

“

8

_
68

11

12

80

4

80
5

3

t

5
-

18
3
75
-

60
-

99
-

3

"

"

91
4

9
7
80
-

16

t

5

13
70
-

-

4

”

6

-

-

4

“

of s e r v ic e

1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------- -----------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

5 y ears

t

3
97
-

23

of s e r v ic e

1

A fte r

Finance

PA Y

1

A fte r

Retail trade

AH
.
industries

OF PA Y M EN T

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g p a i d
v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t -------------------------------------------------------------------------P e rc e n ta g e p ay m en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g n o p a i d
v a c a tio n s

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

99
-

83
-

-

of s e r v ic e

1
2

w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------- ---------------

3

7

_

90

91

100

t
6

t
t

-

t

24

8

t

_
100
-

4
64
24
3

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .
O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , P r o v i d e n c e , R . I. , M a r c h 1956
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S t a t is tic s




NOTE:

In the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a t io n a llo w a n c e s by y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p aym en ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t im e , "
s u ch a s p e r c e n t a g e o f ann ual e a r n in g s o r fla t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e re c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t tim e
b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f ann ual e a r n in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p a y .

15

Table

Paid Vacations - Continued

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —

V acation p o lic y

A ll w o rk e rs

--------------------------------------------*-----------

All
industries

1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

*

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EM PLOYED IN—

Finance

AU
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 4c

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

3
72
t
22
t

7
87
t
6
“

58
_
42
“

67
_
6
27

11
74
5
6
t

12
77
6
4

55

4
61

3
39
t
54
.
t

7
50
3
40
_

5

61

95
-

12
_
27

12
47
5
33
t

"

11
44
4
36
t
t

3
36
t
52

7
44
t
48

5

60

-

_

_

8

12
44
4
38
t

"

"

12
_
28

11
41
3
40
t
t

3
34
t
53
.
9

7
41
t
52
_

5
_
95
.

60
_
11
_
29

11
39
3
41
f
3

12
42
4
39
t

AMOUNT OF VACATION P A Y - Continued

A fter 10 y ea rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------- — O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------4 w eeks and o v e r -------------------------------------------------

45

9
21

A fter 15 yea rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ---------------------------------3 weeks ----------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w eeks and o v er ------------------------------------------- ----

4
41

_
_
100

29

-

21

_

4
39

A fter 20 yea rs of s e r v ic e
1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------------2 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ---------------------------------3 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w eeks and o v er .--------------------------------------------------

_

95

.

_
100
_

29

-

23

A fte r 25 yea rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ---------------------------------3 weeks ----------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 weeks and o ver --------------------------------------------------

* Includes data fo r w h olesa le trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sepa ra tely.
Includes data fo r w h olesa le trad e, rea l estate, and s e rv ice s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sepa ra tely.
t L e ss than 2. 5 p e rce n t.
* T ra n sp ortation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.




_
_
100
_

4
39
27
26

16

Table B-6: Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
PERCENT OF PLANT W ORKERS EM PLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —

Type o f plan

A ll w orkers

AO
.
industries

Manufacturing

Public _
utilities *

Retail trade

Finance

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

81

83

96

83

81

82

100

73

38

57

25

13

54

58

46

23

51
24

39
27

80
4 25

80
6

35
26

29
26

88
46

67
18

33

21

57

76

9

4

.

49

3
92
80
44

t

95
83
49

42
58
47
14

84
73
15

28

86

W orkers in establishm ents providing:
L ife insurance _
A ccidental death and d ism em berm en t
insurance _
______ ___ __
__ __
Sickness and accident insurance
o r s ick leave o r b o th 3 __
S ickness and accident in s u r a n c e ________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting p eriod ) __ ________
___
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting p eriod )
_
H ospitalization insurance
__ ______
S urgical insurance _
M ed ical insurance __ __
_
Catastrophe insurance
R etirem ent pension
______ ___ ____ __
No health, in su ra n ce, o r pension
p la n ________ __ __ „ ____ __ ________

1
2
3
4
t
*

t

.

t

-

t

80
76
18

39

95

15

t

t

7

92
82
41
3
56

98
87
50

t

t

44
41

-

t

31

t

t

t

-

-

-

24
8

Includes data fo r w holesale trade; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Includes data fo r w holesale trade, rea l esta te, and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown separately.
Unduplicated total of w ork ers receiv in g sick leave o r sick n e ss and accident insurance shown separately b elow .
The D ecem b er 1952 p ercen tage (BUS B u ll. N o. 1116-10) should read 3 6 instead o f 74.
L ess than 2 .5 p ercen t.
Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.




Occupational Wage S urvey, P ro v id e n ce , R . I ., ' M a rch 1956
U .S . DE PA RTM EN T OF LABO R
B ureau o f L a b or S ta tistics

17

Appendix*. Job Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u ’ s w a g e s u r v e y s is to
a s s i s t its f ie ld s t a ff in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r
a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s an d d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t
an d f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is is e s s e n t ia l in o r d e r to p e r m it the g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e
r a t e s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and
in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ili t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i ­
c a n t ly f r o m th o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In
a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s a r e in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k ­
in g s u p e r v i s o r s , a p p r e n t i c e s , l e a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , t r a i n e e s , h a n d ic a p p e d w o r k e r s , p a r t - t i m e ,
t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

Office
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r
th an an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s
a s to b i llin g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in ­
c id e n t a l to b i llin g o p e r a t i o n s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s ,
m a c h in e , a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o llo w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) - U s e s a s p e c i a l b i llin g
m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l lio t t F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h
a r e c o m b i n a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s a n d
i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o l v e s a p p lic a t io n
o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d is c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s and e n tr y o f
n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y not b e c o m p u te d o n the
b i llin g m a c h in e , a n d t o t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e d
b y m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b e r o f
c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n d o n e on a
fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) - U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e (S u n d s tra n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h
m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s '
b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a l ly
in v o l v e s th e s im u lt a n e o u s e n tr y o f f ig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r
record .
T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s f i g u r e s o n a
n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s an d c o m p u te s an d u s u a lly p r in t s a u t o ­
m a t i c a l l y th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s . D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n ifo r m and s t a n d a r d ty p e s o f
s a le s an d c r e d i t s l i p s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l lio t t
F i s h e r , S u n d s tr a n d , B u r r o u g h s , N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w it h ­
o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .




O P E R A T O R - C o n tin u e d

C l a s s A - K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f
a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s and f a m ilia r i t y w ith
th e s t r u c t u r e o f the p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m u s e d .
D eter­
m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s an d d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d i t it e m s
to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d
r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s b y h an d .
C l a s s B - K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s
o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir i n g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o l l ,
c u s t o m e r s 1 a c c o u n t s (n ot in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
u n d e r b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in ­
v e n to ry c o n tr o l, e tc .
M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r ia l
b a la n c e s an d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n tin g d e p a r t m e n t.
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A - U nder g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a cco u n t­
a n t, T L a s ^ r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r k e e p in g o n e o r m o r e s e c t io n s o f a c o m ­
p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to on e p h a s e o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t io n s . W o r k in v o l v e s p o s tin g and b a la n c in g
s u b s id i a r y le d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le o r ac-*
c o u n ts p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g an d c o d in g i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith
p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n ; r e q u ir e s ju d g m e n t and e x p e r ie n c e
in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s ig n a t io n s and a l l o c a t i o n s .
M a y a s s i s t in
p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t in g , a n d c l o s i n g jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ; m a y d i r e c t c la s s
B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .
C l a s s B - U n d e r s u p e r v i s io n , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u tin e
a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s s u c h a s p o s t in g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s ,
a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ;
r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; p o s t in g s u b s id i a r y le d g e r s c o n t r o ll e d
by g en era l le d g e r s .
T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u ir e a k n o w le d g e o f
a c c o u n t in g an d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s bu t is fou n d in o f f i c e s in
w h ic h th e m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t in g w o r k is s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c ­
t io n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

18
C L E R K , F IL E
C la s s A - R e s p o n s ib le f o r m a in ta in in g an e s t a b lis h e d f ilin g
s y s t e m . C l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o r o th e r m a t e r ia l ;
m a y a l s o f i l e th is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s
in c o n ju n c t io n w ith f i l e s o r s u p e r v i s e o t h e r s in fili n g and lo c a t in g
m a t e r ia l in the f i l e s .
M a y p e r f o r m in c id e n t a l c l e r i c a l d u t ie s .
C la s s B - P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f il i n g , u s u a lly o f m a t e r i a l that
h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d , o r l o c a t e s o r a s s i s t s in lo c a t in g m a ­
t e r i a l in th e f i l e s .
M a y p e r f o r m in c id e n t a l c l e r i c a l d u t ie s .
CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s 1 o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by
m a il, p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f the
f o llo w in g : Q u otin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g ou t an o r d e r s h e e t
lis t in g the it e m s to m a k e up the o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s an d q u a n titie s
o f it e m s on o r d e r s h e e t; d is t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e ts to r e s p e c t i v e d e ­
p a r t m e n ts to b e f i l l e d .
M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r ­
m in e c r e d i t r a tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m
c u s t o m e r s , f o llo w up o r d e r s to s e e th at th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p
f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k s h ip p in g in v o i c e s w ith o r ig i n a l
ord ers.

CLERK,

K E Y -P U N C H

OPERATOR

U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s io n an d w ith n o s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t i e s , r e c o r d s a c c o u n tin g an d s t a t i s t i c a l da ta on ta b u la tin g c a r d s
b y p u n c h in g a s e r i e s o f h o le s in the c a r d s in a s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e ,
u s in g an a lp h a b e t ic a l o r a n u m e r ic a l k e y -p u n c h m a c h in e , fo llo w in g
w r it t e n in fo r m a t io n on r e c o r d s .
M a y d u p lic a t e c a r d s b y u s in g the
d u p lic a t in g d e v ic e a tta ch e d to m a c h in e .
K eep s file s o f pu nch c a r d s .
M a y v e r i f y ow n w o r k o r w o r k o f o t h e r s .
O F F IC E B O Y O R G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u t in e d u tie s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s ,
o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g
and d is t r ib u t in g m a il, and o th e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
SECRETARY
P e r f o r m s s e c r e t a r i a l an d c l e r i c a l d u tie s f o r a s u p e r i o r in an
a d m in is t r a t iv e o r e x e c u t iv e p o s i t i o n . D u t ie s in c lu d e m a k in g a p p o in t ­
m e n ts f o r s u p e r io r ; r e c e i v i n g p e o p l e c o m in g in to o f f i c e ; a n s w e r in g
and m a k in g p h o n e c a l l s ; h a n d lin g p e r s o n a l an d im p o r t a n t o r c o n f i ­
d e n tia l m a il, and w r it in g r o u t in e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on o w n in it ia t iv e ;
ta k in g d ic ta tio n (w h e r e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e is n o t u s e d ) e it h e r in
sh o r th a n d o r b y s te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e , an d t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a ­
tio n o r the r e c o r d e d in fo r m a t io n r e p r o d u c e d on a t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e .
M a y p r e p a r e s p e c ia l r e p o r t s o r m e m o r a n d a f o r in fo r m a t io n o f s u p e r i o r .

PAYROLL
STENOGRAPH ER, G EN ERAL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n t e r s the n e c e s ­
s a r y data on the p a y r o l l s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ’
e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; p o s t in g c a lc u la t e d data
on p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g in fo r m a t io n s u c h a s w o r k e r ’ s n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t im e , r a t e , d e d u c t io n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y
m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up and d i s ­
tr ib u tin g p a y e n v e lo p e s . M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y du ty is to ta k e d ic t a t io n f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e it h e r in sh o rth a n d o r b y s t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r .m a c h in e , in v o lv in g a
n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y , an d to t r a n s c r i b e th is d ic t a t io n on a t y p e ­
w r i t e r . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y a l s o s e t up and k e e p
f i l e s in o r d e r , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n ­
s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k (s e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r ) .

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

STEN O GR APH ER ,

„ P r i m a r y du ty is to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e ­
m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t io n s .
T h is jo b is n o t to b e c o n fu s e d w ith that o f
s t a t is t ic a l o r o t h e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y in v o lv e fr e q u e n t u s e o f
a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f th is m a c h in e is in c id e n t a l to
p e r f o r m a n c e o f o th e r d u t ie s .

P r i m a r y du ty is to ta k e d ic t a t io n f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e it h e r in sh o r th a n d o r b y s t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g a
v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s in le g a l b r i e f s o r
r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h an d to t r a n s c r i b e th is d ic t a t io n o n a
ty p e w rite r .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y a l s o s e t up an d
k e e p f i l e s in o r d e r , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e
t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e w o r k .

T E C H N IC A L

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM E O G R A P H O R D I T T O )
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
U n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s io n an d w ith n o s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t i e s , r e p r o d u c e s m u lt ip le c o p i e s o f ty p e w r it t e n o r h a n d w r itte n
m a t t e r , u s in g a m i m e o g r a p h o r d itto m a c h in e . M a k e s n e c e s s a r y a d ­
ju s t m e n t s u c h a s f o r in k an d p a p e r f e e d c o u n t e r and c y li n d e r s p e e d .
Is n ot r e q u ir e d to p r e p a r e s t e n c i l o r d itto m a s t e r . M a y k e e p f i l e o f
u s e d s t e n c ils o r d itto m a s t e r s .
M a y s o r t , c o l l a t e , an d s t a p le c o m ­
p le t e d m a t e r i a l .




O p e r a te s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d .
D u tie s in v o lv e h a n d lin g in c o m in g , o u t g o in g , an d in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e
c a lls .
M a y r e c o r d t o l l c a l l s an d ta k e m e s s a g e s .
M a y g iv e i n f o r ­
m a tio n to p e r s o n s w h o c a l l in , o r o c c a s i o n a l l y ta k e te le p h o n e o r d e r s .
F o r w o r k e r s w h o a l s o a c t a s r e c e p t i o n i s t s s e e s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t .

19

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r , on a s in g le p o s i ­
t io n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w it c h b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a l s o
ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k as p a r t o f r e g u la r d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y take th e m a jo r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r ’ s
t im e w h ile a t s w it c h b o a r d .

in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w h o ta k e s d ic t a t io n in sh o r th a n d o r b y s te n o ty p e
o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s m a c h in e th at a u t o m a t ic a lly a n a ly z e s and t r a n s la t e s
i n fo r m a t io n p u n c h e d in g r o u p s o f ta b u la tin g c a r d s an d p r in t s t r a n s ­
la t e d d a ta on f o r m s o r a c c o u n t in g r e c o r d s ; s e t s o r a d ju s ts m a c h in e ;
d o e s s i m p le w ir i n g o f p lu g b o a r d s a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b lis h e d p r a c t i c e
o r d ia g r a m s ; p l a c e s c a r d s to b e ta b u la te d in fe e d m a g a z in e and s t a r t s
m a c h in e . M a y f i l e c a r d s a f t e r th ey a r e ta b u la te d . M a y , in a d d it io n ,
o p e r a t e a u x i l i a r y m a c h in e s .

T R A N S C R IB I N G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR,

U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia l o r to
m a k e ou t b i l l s a ft e r c a lc u la t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n .
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l t r a in in g , s u c h a s k e e p ­
in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , fili n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s o r s o r t in g and d i s ­
tr ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A - P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g :
T y p in g
m a t e r i a l in fin a l f o r m f r o m v e r y r o u g h and in v o lv e d d r a ft; c o p y ­
in g f r o m p la in o r c o r r e c t e d c o p y in w h ic h t h e r e is a fr e q u e n t
an d v a r ie d u s e o f t e c h n ic a l and u n u su a l w o r d s o r fr o m f o r e i g n la n g u a g e c o p y ; c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ,
or
p la n n in g la y o u t o f c o m p li c a t e d s t a t is t ic a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n i­
f o r m i t y and b a la n c e in s p a c in g ; ty p in g ta b le s f r o m r o u g h d r a ft in
fin a l f o r m .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils to
s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

P r i m a r y du ty is to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l
r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m t r a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o
ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y an d d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s t r a n ­
s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d , v o c a b u ­
l a r y s u c h a s l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if i c r e s e a r c h a r e n ot

DRAFTSM AN,

JU N IO R

( A s s is t a n t d r a ft s m a n )
D r a w s to s c a l e u n its o r p a r t s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y d r a f t s ­
m a n o r o t h e r s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , o r m a n u fa c tu r in g p u r ­
poses.
U s e s v a r io u s ty p e s o f d r a ftin g t o o ls a s r e q u ir e d . M a y p r e ­
p a r e d r a w in g s f r o m s i m p l e p la n s o r s k e t c h e s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r d u tie s
u n d er d ir e c tio n o f a d r a fts m a n .
DRAFTSM AN,

LEADER

P la n s a n d d i r e c t s a c t i v i t i e s o f o n e o r m o r e d r a ft s m e n in
p r e p a r a t io n o f w o r k in g p la n s a n d d e t a il d r a w in g s f r o m r o u g h o r p r e ­
l i m i n a r y s k e t c h e s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , o r m a n u fa c t u r in g
p u r p o s e s . D u t ie s in v o l v e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t in g
b l u e p r in t s , s k e t c h e s , an d w r it t e n o r v e r b a l o r d e r s ; d e t e r m in in g w o r k
p r o c e d u r e s ; a s s i g n in g d u tie s t o s u b o r d in a t e s and in s p e c t in g t h e ir w o r k ;
p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t p r o b l e m s . M a y a s s i s t s u b o r d in a t e s d u r in g




G E N E R A L - C on tin u ed

T Y P IS T

GENERAL

P rofession a l

OPERATOR,

C l a s s B - P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
T y p in g
f r o m r e l a t i v e l y c l e a r o r ty p e d d r a ft s ; r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s ,
in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; s e t t in g u p s i m p le s t a n d a r d ta b u la tio n s , o r
c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s a l r e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

and

Technical

DRAFTSM AN,

LEADER -

C o n tin u e d

e m e r g e n c i e s o r a s a r e g u la r a s s ig n m e n t , o r p e r f o r m
o f a s u p e r v i s o r y o r a d m in is t r a t iv e n a tu r e .
DRAFTSM AN,

r e la t e d d u tie s

S E N IO R

P r e p a r e s w o r k in g p la n s an d d e t a il d r a w in g s fr o m n o t e s ,
r o u g h o r d e t a ile d s k e t c h e s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , o r m a n u ­
f a c t u r in g p u r p o s e s .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f the f o llo w in g :
P r e p a r i n g w o r k in g p la n s , d e t a il d r a w in g s , m a p s , c r o s s - s e c t i o n s , e t c . ,
to s c a l e b y u s e o f d r a ft in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g e n g in e e r in g c o m p u t a ­
t io n s s u c h a s th o s e in v o lv e d in s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , b e a m s and
t r u s s e s ; v e r if y in g c o m p le t e d w o r k , c h e c k in g d im e n s io n s , m a t e r ia ls
to b e u s e d , an d q u a n titie s ; w r it in g s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; m a k in g a d ju s tm e n ts
o r c h a n g e s in d r a w in g s o r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s . M a y in k in lin e s and le t t e r s
o n p e n c i l d r a w in g s , p r e p a r e d e t a il u n its o f c o m p le t e d r a w in g s , o r
t r a c e d r a w in g s .
W o r k i s fr e q u e n t ly in a s p e c i a l i z e d f ie ld s u c h a s
a r c h i t e c t u r a l , e l e c t r i c a l , m e c h a n i c a l , o r s t r u c t u r a l d r a ftin g .

20

N U R SE ,

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

NURSE,

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e to i l l o r in ju r e d
e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r a n a c c id e n t on
the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u t ie s in v o lv e a
c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id to th e i l l o r injurecfj"
a tten d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ’ in ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r
oth e r p u r p o s e s ; c o n d u c tin g p h y s i c a l e x a m in a tio n s and h e a lth e v a lu a t io n s
o f a p p lic a n ts an d e m p lo y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g an d c a r r y i n g ou t p r o g r a m s
in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t

Maintenance

CARPENTER,

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t an d
m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k an d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b in s ,
c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s ,
and t r im m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f
the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g an d la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's
h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , an d s ta n d a r d m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ;
m a k in g s ta n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ;
s e l e c t in g m a t e r ia l s n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f
the m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n ­
in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s s u c h a s th e
in s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t in g ,
d is t r ib u t in g , o r u t ili z a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g a n y o f
a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s ,
s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s ,
c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m b l u e ­
p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g an d d ia g ­
n o s in g t r o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s ta n d a r d
c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l
e q u ip m e n t; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r in g
and t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e
e le c tr ic ia n r e q u ir e s
r o u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c ­
q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .




e n v ir o n m e n t , o r o t h e r a c t i v it ie s
s a f e t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l .

a ffe c tin g

th e

h e a lth ,

w e lfa r e ,

and

TRACER
C o p ie s p la n s an d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s , b y p la c i n g
t r a c in g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
U s e s T - s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , an d o t h e r d r a ft in g t o o l s .
M ay p rep a re
s i m p le d r a w in g s an d d o s i m p le l e t t e r i n g .

and

M A IN T E N A N C E

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D ) - C o n tin u e d

Powerplant

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a te s an d m a in ta in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n
o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s an d e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p ­
p ly the e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r i g e r a ­
t io n , o r a i r c o n d it io n in g .
W o r k i n v o l v e s : O p e r a tin g an d m a in ta in in g
e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o ­
t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n t ila t in g and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s
an d b o i l e r - f e d w a te r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; k e e p in g a
r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , an d fu e l c o n s u m p ­
t io n . M a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e s e o p e r a t i o n s . H e a d o r .c h ie f e n g in e e r s
in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th an o n e e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F I R E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r , o r s t e a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y h and
o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; c h e c k s w a t e r
an d s a f e t y v a l v e s .
M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
HELPER,

TRADES,

M A IN T E N A N C E

A s s i s t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i lle d m a in t e n a n c e
t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m in g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h
a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k ­
in g a r e a , m a c h in e , an d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g w o r k e r b y h o ld in g m a ­
t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; p e r f o r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y j o u r ­
n e y m a n . T h e kin d o f w o r k the h e lp e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s
f r o m t r a d e t o tr a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is c o n fin e d t o s u p ­
p ly in g , lift in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s an d c le a n in g w o r k in g
a r e a s ; an d in o th e r s h e is p e r m it t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e
o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a tr a d e th a t a r e a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s
on a fu ll-tim e b a s is .

21

M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f on e o r m o r e ty p e s o f m a c h in e
t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s , c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r fa c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e
la t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h in e s in the c o n s t r u c t io n o f m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g an d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g
it e m s r e q u ir in g c o m p l i c a t e d se tu p s o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t in g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t ­
m e n t s d u rin g o p e r a t io n to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h en t o o ls n e e d d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o l s ,
a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s an d cu ttin g an d lu b r ic a t in g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m ,
in t o o l an d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

M A C H IN IS T ,

M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t.
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s
an d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g
o r p a r t ly d is m a n t lin g m a c h in e s an d p e r f o r m in g r e p a i r s that m a in ly
in v o lv e th e u s e o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p in g a n d fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b t a in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g the
p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r sen d in g o f
th e m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r in g w r it te n
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p r o d u c t io n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d
f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g a ll n e c e s s a r y
a d ju s tm e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n ce
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u tie s
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .

M A IN T E N A N C E
M IL L W R IG H T

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s an d n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s
o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : In te r p r e t in g w r it t e n i n s t r u c ­
t io n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g an d la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a ­
r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t ^ h a n d t o o ls an d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l
p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t ­
in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l in g , fe e d s and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ;
k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t in g
s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o r k ; fittin g
a n d a s s e m b li n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l, th e
m a c h i n i s t ^ w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u ir e s a r o u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

I n s t a lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t an d d is m a n t le s and
in s t a ll s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in the p la n t l a y ­
ou t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c if i c a t io n s ;
u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d sh op c o m ­
p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g th o f m a t e r i a l s , an d c e n t e r s o f
g r a v it y ; a lin in g an d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t in g s ta n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u ip m e n t , an d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; in s t a llin g and m a in ta in in g in g o o d
o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r iv e s an d s p e e d r e ­
d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m i l l w r i g h t ^ w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a r o u n d e d
tr a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

O IL E R

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E

(M A IN T E N A N C E )

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s ,
m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f
an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g
a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that in v o lv e the u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s ­
a s s e m b li n g o r fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r t s f r o m
s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g an d in s t a llin g th e
v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e an d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ;
a lin in g w h e e l s , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s an d lig h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e ­
s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .




s u r fa c e s

L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e , th e m o v in g p a r t s o r w e a r in g
o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .

P A IN T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s an d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , an d fix t u r e s o f an
e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s th e f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e
p e c u l i a r i t i e s an d ty p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g
p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s an d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y
gun o r b r u s h .
M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite le a d , an d o th e r p a in t
in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in t e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x ­
p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a ­
le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

22

P IP E F IT T E R ,

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

In s t a lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f p ip e
and p ip e fit t in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l lo w in g : L a y in g ou t o f w o r k an d m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e
fr o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s
o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e
t o r c h o r p ip e -c u t t i n g m a c h in e ; th r e a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d ie s ;
be n d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b li n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s an d fa s t e n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d
sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s i z e o f p ip e r e ­
q u ir e d ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e t h e r f in is h e d p ip e s m e e t
s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p ip e fi t t e r
r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a
f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s
p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g an d r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r
h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s the p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r .
W o r k i n v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e o f s a n it a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s t a lla t io n o f
v en ts an d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g p ip e s and
fix t u r e s ; o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a in s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r ’ s s n a k e .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d
tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e ­
sh ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a ll s , an d m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t m e t a l e q u ip m e n t an d fix t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s ,
s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o fin g )
o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g

Custodial

ELEVATOR

OPERATOR,

and

T r a n s p o r t s p a s s e n g e r s b e tw e e n f l o o r s o f an o f f i c e b u ild in g ,
a p a r tm e n t h o u s e , d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e , h o t e l o r s i m i l a r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k e r s w h o o p e r a t e e le v a t o r s in c o n ju n c t io n w ith o th e r d u tie s s u c h
a s th o s e o f s t a r t e r s and ja n i t o r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
GUARD
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r on
to u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . In c lu d e s g a te m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te an d c h e c k on id e n tity o f
e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
— ~




-

C o n tin u e d

and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e ­
p r in t s , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g up an d o p e r a t in g a l l
a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l - w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f
h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , fit t in g , an d a s s e m ­
b lin g ; in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g
and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; ji g

m a k er; to o lm a k e r ;

f ix t u r e

m a k er;

gauge

m a k er)

C o n s t r u c t s an d r e p a ir s m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x ­
tu r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g i n g s , p u n c h in g and o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P la n n in g an d la y in g ou t o f w o r k
fr o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r o r a l and w r it t e n s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r s h a n d to o ls an d p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n ts ; u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls and a l lo y s ; s e t tin g up an d o p e r a t in g o f m a c h in e t o o l s
and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g
to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , an d t o o l in g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t tr e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u rin g f a b r i c a t i o n a s w e l l a s o f fin is h e d t o o l s
an d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l it i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fit tin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s an d a l l o w ­
a n c e s ; s e l e c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s .
In
g e n e r a l, the t o o l an d d ie m a k e r ’ s w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d tr a in in g
in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a ll y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a
f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

in t o o l

M aterial

PASSEN G ER

M A IN T E N A N C E

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t o o l and d ie m a k e r s
and d ie jo b b in g sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

Movement

J A N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR C LE A N E R

(S w e e p e r ; c h a r w o m a n ; ja n i t r e s s )
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g
a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e ,
o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n
o f the f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o li s h in g f l o o r s ;
r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h , and o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , fu r n it u r e ,
o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f ix t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d in g s u p p lie s
and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and
r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

23

L A B O R E R ,

M A T E R IA L

(L o a d e r

and

sto c k m a n

u n lo a d e r ;

or

S H IP P IN G

H A N D L IN G

sto c k

h a n d le r

h e lp e r ;

and

sta c k e r;

w areh ou sem an

s h e lv e r ;

or

tru ck e r;

w areh ou se

h e lp e r )

o th e r

A N D

record s;

r o u tin g

sto re ,
th e

w ork er

or

o th e r

fo llo w in g :

d is e

on

or

and

fr e ig h t

s h e lv in g ,

lo c a tio n ;

c a r,

w h e e lb a r r o w .

a

w areh ou se,

w h ose

u n lo a d in g

c a rs,

or

sto ra g e
or

in

e s ta b lis h m e n t

L o a d in g

fro m

u n p a c k in g ,

e m p lo y e d

d u tie s

tr a n s p o r tin g

in v o lv e

v a r io u s

tru ck s,

p la c in g

or

L on gsh orem en ,

one

m a te r ia ls

o th e r

m a te r ia ls

m a te r ia ls

m a n u fa c tu r in g

or

m ore

tr a n s p o r tin g

m e r c h a n d is e

lo a d

and

of

F or

d e v ic e s;
in

fo r

or

-

C o n tin u e d

sh o rta g e s

m a te r ia ls

and

s h ip s

w age

to

and

r e je c tin g

p rop er

dam aged

d e p a rtm e n ts;

good s;

m a in ta in in g

file s .

stu d y

R e c e iv in g

proper

w orkers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

c le r k

S h ip p in g

are

p u rp oses,

c le r k

S h ip p in g

by hand tru ck ,

u n lo a d

record s

C L E R K

p la n t,

and m erch a n ­

o r m e r c h a n d is e

w ho

or

c h e c k in g

m e r c h a n d ise

n ecessary
A

R E C E IV IN G

and

r e c e iv in g

c le r k

e x c lu d e d .
T R U C K D R IV E R
O R D ER

F IL L E R

D r iv e s
m a te r ia ls ,

(O r d e r

p ic k e r ;

sto c k

s e le c to r ;

w areh ou se

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

sto c k m a n )

h ou ses,
F ills
sto re d

m e r c h a n d is e

c u sto m e rs*
ord ers
g o in g
to

s h ip p in g
in

o rd e rs,

and

or

accordan ce

or

o th e r

in d ic a tin g

o rd ers,

and

orders
w ith

fille d

or

a d d itio n a l

p e r fo r m

o th e r

fo r

fin is h e d

s p e c ific a tio n s

in s tr u c tio n s .

ite m s

r e q u is itio n

s u p e r v is o r ,

tra n sfe r

M ay,

in

o m itte d ,
sto c k ,

r e la te d

or

goods

fro m

s a le s

s lip s ,

on

a d d itio n

keep

to

record s

rep ort

fillin g
of

sh ort

o u t­

lo a d

tru ck

su ch

w h o le s a le

lis h m e n ts
or

and
and

and

keep

s h ip p in g

dependent
th e

of

to

upon

of

p reven t

in

w ooden

in

or

e n te r in g

F or

and

of

or

of

of

c lo s in g

c ra te s

d a ta

ite m s

ty p e

and

be

ty p e
th e

of

S H IP P IN G

tru ck

d r iv e r s

A N D

R E C E IV IN G

P rep ares
fo r

tic e s ,

ro u te s,

a v a ila b le

p a r in g

record s

w e ig h t a n d
d ir e c t

R e c e iv in g
th e

in
are

or

w ith o u t

or

p la c e s
h e lp e r s ,

g o o d w o r k in g

tra n sp o r t

ord er.

m in o r

of

w are­

r e ta il

b u s in e s s .

m ake

ty p e s

d e p o ts,

b e tw e e n

of

to

v a r io u s

fr e ig h t

e sta b ­

M ay

a ls o

m e c h a n ic a l

D r iv e r -s a le s m e n

and

e x c lu d e d .

w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

of

as

tr a ile r

tr u c k d r iv e r s

fo llo w s :

are

c la s s ifie d

(T r a c to r -tr a ile r

s h o u ld

by
be

s iz e
ra te d

c a p a c ity . )

sto c k

of

th e

s h ip p in g

or

w ork

c o rre ctn e ss

a s s is t

A

goods

(o v e r

4

to n s,

tr a ile r

T r u c k d r iv e r ,

heavy

(o v e r

4

to n s,

o th e r

in

of

P ackers




m a k in g

T R U C K E R ,

a p p ly in g
w ho

a ls o

V e r ify in g

th e
or

a g a in s t

ra te s;

d ir e c tin g
of

fo r

o th e rs

la d in g ,

and

la d in g ,

o f s h ip p in g

m e r c h a n d is e

b ills

is

p roced u res,
of

4

to n s)

ty p e )
th a n

tr a ile r

ty p e )

P O W E R

O p era tes
tru ck

or

tra c to r

w areh ou se,

in

a m a n u a lly
to

m a n u fa c tu r in g

goods

p u rp oses,

pow er
pow er

(o th e r

or

or

m a te r ia ls

o th e r

w ork ers

e le c tr ic -p o w e r e d
of

a ll

k in d s

about

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

(fo r k lift)

T ru ck er,

g a s o lin e -

and

p la n t,

stu d y

as

w age

c o n tr o lle d

tra n sp o rt

T ru ck er,

m a te r ia ls .

up b ills
a file

in c lu d in g

order

and

o th e r

and

and

or

or

s h ip p in g

a n d k e e p in g

p r e p a r in g

sh ip m e n ts

of

to

s e p a r a te ly )

heavy

one

[IV 2

lis te d

to n lT )

m e d iu m

r e c e iv e s

tr a n s p o r ta tio n

s h ip p e d ,

ch arges,

in v o lv e s :

of

or

m e r c h a n d ise

k n o w le d g e

m ean s

in

s h ip m e n t,

s iz e s

1%

T r u c k d r iv e r ,

F or

of

of

(u n d e r

m a t e r i a l to

c o n ta in e r ;

c o n ta in e r .

lig h t

T r u c k d r iv e r ,

o f c o n ta in e r ;

o th e r

(c o m b in a tio n

th e

e x c lu d e d .

fo r

sh ip m e n t

in v o lv e s :

M ay

p la n ts ,

r e q u ir e s

W ork

s iz e

or

b e in g

packed,

C L E R K

m e r c h a n d is e

in c o m in g

w ork

in g

or

T r u c k d r iv e r ,

tru ck ,

S h ip p in g

h ou ses

area

b e tw e e n

r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts ,

e q u ip m e n t,

b a s is

p la c in g

in v o lv e

of

and

s e a lin g

by

p e rfo r m e d
to

m ay

e x c e ls io r

on

are

and

v a r io u s

u s in g

u n its

sh ip m e n t.

a p p r o p ria te

id e n tify in g

boxes

of

c o n ta in e r s

c o n ta in e r ;

dam age;

o p e r a tio n s

num ber

m eth o d

sto ra g e

a

s p o n s ib le

in d u s tr ia l

m en

s u p p lie s

d u tie s .

sh ip m e n t o r

s p e c ific

K n o w le d g e

s e le c tio n

fo r

and

s h ip p in g

fo llo w in g :

break age

th e

s iz e ,

e m p lo y e d ,

e n c lo s u r e s

or

m ake

ty p e ,

ite m s

c o n te n t;

in s e r tin g

p ro d u c ts

c o n ta in e r s ,

th e

of

th e

v e r ify

la b e ls

fin is h e d

c o n ta in e r

p la c in g

m ore

or

or

M a n u fa c tu r in g

w ith

T r u c k d r iv e r

ty p e

c ity

S H IP P IN G

P rep a res
in

a

e q u ip m e n t,

as:

tru ck

o v e r -th e -r o a d

on

th e m

w ith in

c u sto m e rs*

u n lo a d

r e p a ir s ,

and
P A C K E R ,

a

m e r c h a n d ise ,

are

c la s s ifie d

by

ty p e

of

fo llo w s :

re ­

p ra c­

th a n

fo r k lift)

p re ­
p o st­

record s.

W A T C H M A N

s h ip m e n t.
v e r ify in g

in v o ic e s ,

or

M akes
a g a in s t

fir e ,

rou n d s

th e ft,

of

and

p r e m is e s
ille g a l

p e r io d ic a lly

in p r o t e c t i n g

p ro p e rty

e n try .
# U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1956 O— 388751


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102