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O c c u p a t io n a l W a ge S u r v e y

LOS ANGELES-LONG BEACH , CALiF.
MARCH

I9 S 6

B L S B u lle t in N o . 1 1 8 8 - 1 3

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU OF LABOR S A I T C
TTSIS
Ewan C
lague, C m i s o e
omsinr




Occupational Wage Survey
L O S A N G E L E S - L O N G B E A C H , C A L IF .




MARCH 1956

Bulletin No. 11(88-13
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
June 1956
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 25 cents
.S.




Contents
Page
In trod u ction ____________________ :_______________________________________________________________________________________________
W age tre n d s fo r se le c te d occu pation al g rou p s ___________________________________________________________________________

1
3

T a b le s :
1.
2.

A:

B:

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o rk e rs within scop e of su rv ey _________________________________________________________ .
In d exes o f standard w eekly s a la r ie s fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l and a v era g e stra ig h t-tim e
h o u rly earn in gs fo r se le cte d plant occu p a tion a l g rou p s, and p ercen t of in c re a s e
fo r s e le c te d p e r io d s ________________________________________ ._____________________________________________________

2
3

O ccu p a tion a l earn in gs * A -l:
O ffice occu pa tion s _______________________________
A - 2:
P r o fe s s io n a l and te ch n ica l occu p a tion s ________________________________
A - 3:
M aintenance and pow erplant occu p a tion s _______________________________________________________________
A -4 :
C u stod ia l and m a teria l m ovem en t occu p a tion s _________

5
9
9
11

E sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and supplem entary w age p r o v is io n s * B-l:
Shift d iffe re n tia l p r o v is io n s _______________________________________________________________________________
B -2 :
M inim um entrance rates fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e rs _____________
B -3 :
Scheduled w eek ly h ours __________________________________________________________________________________
B -4 :
P a id h olid ays ______________________________________________________________________________________________
B -5 :
P a id vacations ______________________________________________________________________________________________
B -6 :
H ealth, in su ra n ce, and pen sion plans ___________________________________________________________________

13
14
15
15
16
18

A ppendix:




Job d e s c rip tio n s

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

* N O TE :
S im ila r tabulations fo r m ost of th ese item s a re av a ila b le in the L o s A n g e le s Long B ea ch a rea re p o rts fo r January 1952, F e b ru a ry 1953, M arch 1954, and M a rch 1955.
The 1954 re p o rt a ls o p r o v id e s tabulations o f wage stru ctu re c h a r a c t e r is t ic s , la b o r -m a n a g e ­
m ent a g re e m e n ts, and o v e rtim e pay p r o v is io n s .
The 1955 re p o rt a ls o included data on
fre q u e n cy o f w age paym ents, and pay p r o v is io n s fo r h olid a ys fallin g on non w ork days.
A
d ir e c t o r y indicating date of study and the p r ic e of the r e p o r ts , a s w e ll a s r e p o r ts fo r
o th er m a jo r a r e a s , is ava ila b le upon req u est.
C u rren t re p o r ts on occu p a tion a l earn in gs and supplem entary wage p r a c tic e s in the
L o s A n g e le s -L o n g B each a re a a re a ls o a v a ila b le fo r m a ch in ery in d u stries (January 1956),
w o m e n ’ s and m isses* d r e s s e s (August 1955), p ow er la u n d ries and d ry c le a n e r s (July 1955),
o ffic e building s e r v ic e (June 1955), co n tra ct clean in g s e r v ic e (June 1955), and h otels
(August 1955).
Union s c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re a v a ila b le fo r the
fo llo w in g tra d e s o r in d u stries:
B uilding co n stru ctio n , prin tin g, lo c a l-t r a n s it operatin g
e m p lo y e e s , and m oto rtru ck d r iv e r s .
iii

19




The C om m unity W age Survey P ro g ra m
The B ureau o f L a b or S ta tistics reg u la rly conducts a rea w id e
w age su rv e y s in a num ber o f im portant indu strial ce n te r s . The stu d ies,
m ade fr o m late fa ll to e a r ly sp rin g , rela te to occu pation al earn in gs and
re la te d supplem entary b e n e fits. A p re lim in a ry re p o rt is a v a ila b le on
co m p le tio n o f the study in each a re a , usually in the m onth fo llo w in g
the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied. T his bu lletin p rov id es additional data not
in clu d ed in the e a r lie r re p o rt. A con solid a ted an alytical bu lletin su m ­
m a rizin g the re s u lts o f a ll o f the year*s su rveys is issu e d a fte r c o m ­
p letion o f the final a re a b u lletin fo r the cu rren t round o f s u r v e y s .

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u rvey -

Los A n g e l e s - L o n g

B e a c h , C a lif . *

In trod u ction
T he L o s A n g e le s -L o n g B ea ch a r e a is one of s e v e r a l im p orta n t
in d u stria l c e n te r s in w h ich the D epartm en t o f L a b o r’ s B ureau o f L a b o r
S ta tis tics has co n d u cte d s u r v e y s of occu p a tion a l ea rn in g s and re la te d
w age b e n e fits on an a re a w id e b a s is . In ea ch a re a , data a r e obtain ed
by p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u re a u fie ld agen ts to re p re se n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h ­
m e n ts w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M anufacturing; tr a n s p o r ta ­
tio n (ex clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ;
w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce, and r e a l e sta te ;
and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u stry grou p s e x clu d ed fr o m th e se stu d ies,
b e s id e s r a ilr o a d s , a r e g ov ern m en t o p e ra tio n s and the co n s tr u c tio n
and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E sta b lish m e n ts having fe w e r than a p r e ­
s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itted a ls o b e ca u se they fu rn ish
in s u ffic ie n t em p loy m en t in the o ccu p a tio n s studied to w a rra n t in c lu s io n . *
1
2
W h e re v e r p o s s ib le , se p a ra te tabu lation s a re p ro v id e d fo r each o f the
b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s .

O ccu p a tion a l em p loym en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in a ll
e sta b lish m e n ts within the sc o p e o f the study and not the num ber actu ally
su rv e y e d . B e c a u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in occu p a tion a l stru ctu re am ong e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts, the e stim a te s o f occu p a tion a l em p loym en t obtained fr o m
the sa m p le o f e sta b lish m e n ts studied s e r v e only to in d ica te the re la tiv e
im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu died.
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in occu p ation al
stru c tu r e do not m a te r ia lly a ffe ct the a c c u r a c y o f the earn in gs data.
E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u pplem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
In form a tion is p re se n te d a ls o (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s) on s e ­
le c t e d esta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en tary b e n e fits as they rela te
to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s . The te r m ’ ’ o ffic e w o r k e r s ,” as u sed in
th is b u lletin , in clu d e s a ll o ffic e c le r i c a l e m p lo y e e s and ex clu d es a d ­
m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l p e rso n n e l. "P la n t
w o r k e r s ” in clu d e w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o rk e rs (in ­
clu d in g lea d m en and tr a in e e s ) engaged in n o n o ffice fu n ction s. A d m in is­
tr a tiv e , e x e cu tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te ch n ica l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e a cco u n t co n s tr u c tio n e m p lo y e e s who a re u tiliz e d as a separate w ork
f o r c e a r e e x clu d e d . C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and rou tem en a re exclu d ed in
m an u factu rin g in d u str ie s , but a re in clu d ed as plant w o r k e r s in nonm an­
u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .

T h e s e s u rv e y s a r e co n d u cted on a sam ple b a s is b e ca u se o f the
u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv ey in g a ll esta b lish m e n ts, and to in su re
p ro m p t p u b lica tio n o f r e s u lt s . T o obtain a p p ro p ria te a c c u r a c y at m in i­
m u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e than o f sm a ll e sta b lish m e n ts
is stu d ied .
In com b in in g the data, h o w e v e r, a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a r e
g iv en th e ir a p p ro p ria te w e ig h t. E stim a te s b a sed on the e sta b lish m e n ts
stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e , as rela tin g to a ll e sta b lish m e n ts in
the in d u stry grou p in g and a r e a ,
e x ce p t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m
s iz e stu died.

Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (table B - l ) a re lim ite d to m anufacturing
in d u s tr ie s . T h is in fo rm a tio n is p re se n te d both in t e r m s o f (a) e sta b ­
lish m en t p o lic y , 3 p r e se n te d in t e r m s o f tota l plant w o rk e r em p loym ent,
and (b) e ffe c tiv e p r a c t ic e , p r e se n te d on the b a s is o f w o r k e r s actu ally
e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d shift at the tim e o f the su rv e y .
In esta b ­
lish m e n tsh a v in g v a rie d d iffe r e n tia ls , the am ount applyin g to a m a jo rity
w as u se d o r , i f no am ount a p p lied to a m a jo r ity , the c la s s ific a tio n
" o t h e r ” w as u s e d .

O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
T he o ccu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a re co m m o n to a v a r ie ty o f
m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u factu rin g in d u s trie s . O ccu p a tion a l c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b d e s c r ip tio n s d e sig n e d to take
a cco u n t o f in ter esta b lish m e n t v a ria tio n in duties within the sam e jo b
(s e e ap pendix fo r lis tin g o f th e s e d e s c r ip t io n s ).
E a rn in g s data a r e
p r e s e n te d (in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s ) fo r the follow in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a ­
tio n s :
(a) O ffic e c le r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te ch n ica l; (c ) m a in te ­
n a n ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) cu sto d ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t.

M inim um en tran ce ra te s (table B -2 ) re la te on ly to the esta b ­
lish m e n ts v is ite d .
T hey a r e p re s e n te d on an esta b lish m en t, rather
than on an e m p loym en t b a s is .
S ch edu led h o u rs ; p aid h olid a y s; paid
v a ca tio n s; and health, in su ra n ce , and p en sion plans a r e trea ted sta tis ­
t ic a lly on the b a s is that th ese a re a p p lica b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e
w o r k e r s if a m a jo r ity o f such w o r k e r s a re e lig ib le o r m ay eventually
qu a lify fo r the p r a c t ic e s l i s t e d .4 B e ca u se o f rounding, sum s o f in d i­
vidual ite m s in th ese ta b u la tion s do not n e c e s s a r ily equal tota ls.

Data a r e shown fo r fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h ir e d to
w o r k a re g u la r w eek ly sch e d u le in the g iven occu p a tion a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data ex clu d e p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on
w e e k en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts. N on produ ction b o n u se s a r e e x ­
clu d e d a ls o , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b on u ses and in cen tive ea rn in gs a r e in ­
clu d e d . W h ere w eek ly h o u r s a r e re p o r te d , as fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l o c ­
cu p a tion s, r e fe r e n c e is to the w o rk sch e d u le s (rounded to the n e a r e s t
h a lf h ou r) fo r w h ich s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s a r e paid; a v e r a g e w e e k ­
ly e a rn in g s f o r th ese o c c u p a tio n s have been rounded to the n e a r e s t
h a lf d o lla r .

The su m m a ry o f v a ca tion plans is lim ite d to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
m e n ts, ex clu d in g in fo r m a l p lan s w h ereby tim e o ff with pay is granted
at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S eparate e stim a te s a re p rov id ed

3 An e sta b lish m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d a s having a p o lic y if it m et
e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g co n d itio n s: ( l ) O p era ted la te sh ifts at the tim e
o f the su rv e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g late sh ifts.
4 S ch edu led w eek ly h ou rs fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s (fir s t se ctio n o f
ta b le B -3 ) a r e p r e se n te d in te r m s o f the p r o p o r tio n o f w om en o ffic e
w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o ff ic e s with the in d ica ted w eek ly h ou rs fo r w om en
wo rke r s .

* T h is r e p o r t w as p r e p a r e d in the B u reau ’ s r e g io n a l o ffic e in
San F r a n c is c o , C a lif. , by W illia m P . O’ C on n or, under the d ir e c t io n
o f John L . Dana, R e g io n a l W age and In d u strial R e la tio n s A n a ly st.
1 See ta b le 1 fo r m in im u m -s iz e esta b lish m en t c o v e r e d .
2 T he ta bu lation o f m in im u m en tra n ce ra te s fo r w om en o ffic e
w o r k e r s r e la t e s on ly to p r o v is io n s in esta b lish m en ts studied.




1

2

a c c o rd in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com pu ting v a ca tion p a y m en ts, such
a s tim e p a y m en ts, p e rce n t o f annual e a rn in g s, o r fla t-s u m a m ou n ts.
H ow ever, in the tabu lation s of v a ca tion a llo w a n ce s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e ,
paym ents not on a tim e b a s is w e r e co n v e r te d ; fo r ex a m p le , a paym ent
o f 2 p e rce n t o f annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d a s the eq u ivalen t o f
1 w eek Js pay.
Data a r e p re se n te d fo r a ll health, in s u ra n ce , and p e n sio n
plans fo r w hich at le a st a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r ,
excep tin g on ly le g a l req u ire m e n ts such as w o rk m e n 1s co m p e n sa tio n and
s o c ia l s e cu rity . Such p lan s in clude th o se u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l
in su ran ce com pan y and th ose p r o v id e d through a union fund o r paid
d ir e c tly by the e m p lo y e r out o f cu rre n t op era tin g funds o r fr o m a fund
set asid e fo r th is p u rp o s e . Death b e n e fits a r e in clu d ed as a fo r m o f
life in su ra n ce.
S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce is lim ite d to that type o f in ­
su ran ce under w h ich p re d e te r m in e d c a sh p aym en ts a r e m ade d ir e c t ly
to the in su red on a w eek ly o r m onthly b a s is during illn e s s o r a c cid e n t
d isa b ility .
In form a tion is p r e s e n te d fo r a ll such plan s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r co n trib u te s. H o w e v e r, in New Y o rk and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
have enacted te m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su ra n ce law s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r co n trib u tio n s, 56 plan s a r e in clu d ed only if the e m p lo y e r ( l ) c o n ­
tributes m o r e than is le g a lly re q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e

with b e n e fits which e x c e e d the r e q u ire m e n ts o f the law . T a b u la tion s
o f paid s ic k -le a v e plans a re lim ite d to fo r m a l p lan s w hich p r o v id e fu ll
pay o r a p ro p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 1s pay during a b s e n ce fr o m w ork
b e c a u se o f illn e s s .
Separate ta bu lation s a re p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to
( l ) plans w hich p ro v id e fu ll pay and no w aiting p e r io d , and (2) plan s
p ro v id in g e ith e r p a rtia l pay or a w aitin g p e r io d .
In ad d ition to the
p re se n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p ro v id e d s ic k n e s s
and a ccid e n t in su ra n ce o r paid s ick le a v e , an u nd u p licated tota l is
shown o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e eith e r o r both ty p e s o f b en efit.
C atastrop h e in su ra n ce , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to a s exten ded
m e d ic a l in su ra n ce , in clu d es th ose p lan s w h ich a r e d e sig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in ca se o f sick n e ss and in ju ry in v olv in g e x p e n se s b ey on d the
n o rm a l c o v e r a g e o f h o sp ita liz a tion , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s. M e d ­
ic a l in su ra n ce r e fe r s to plans p ro v id in g fo r c o m p le te o r p a rtia l paym en t
o f d o c t o r s 1 fe e s . Such plan s m ay be u n d erw ritten by c o m m e r c ia l in ­
su ra n ce co m p a n ie s o r n on p rofit o rg a n iz a tio n s o r they m ay be s e lf in su re d . T abulations o f re tire m e n t p en sion plan s a r e lim ite d to th ose
p lan s that p ro v id e m onthly p aym en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f the w o r k e r 1s
life .

5
The te m p o ra ry d isa b ility la w s in C a lifo r n ia and R hode Islan d
do not re q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s.

Table 1: Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Los Angeles-Long Beach, C alif., 1 by major industry division, March 1956
MinimumNumber of establishments
Workers in establishments
size
establish­
Within
Studied
Industry division
Within scope of study
ment
Studied
scope of
in scope of
Plant
Total 3
Office
study
Total 3
study 2
547,700
894,300
304
446, 160
A ll divisions _ ______________________________
2, 164
191, 700
92,000
357,400
281, 730
541, 700
Manufacturing ______________________________
101
111
919
190, 300
193
99,700
164,430
352,600
Nonmanufacturing____________________________
1, 245
Transportation (excluding railroads),
62,000
47,600
16,400
77,100
80
communication, and other public utilities4___ .
. 101
22
14,520
24,900
17,700
57,100
358
46
51
Wholesale trade ___________________________
Retail trade (excluding department
20,430
81, 800
26
210
101
stores) _________________________________
(5)
32,920
6 3,100
44,800
60, 600
228
51
Finance, insurance, and real estate__________
39
17,770
31,600
10, 000
55, 300
337
51
46
Services (excluding motion pictures)7_________
16,790
15,000
3, 000
20, 700
14
51
32
Motion pictures 8 __________________________
A

^

1 Los Angeles-Long Beach Metropolitan Area (Los Angeles and Orange Counties). The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a
reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of
comparison with other area employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data com­
piled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum-size limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade,
finance, auto repair service, and motion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
3 Includes executive, technical, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
4 Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation. Los Angeles* electric utilities are municipally operated and, therefore, excluded by defini­
tion from the scope of the studies.
5 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A and B tables, although coverage was insufficient
to justify separate presentation of data.
6 Estimate relates to real estate establishments only.
7 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion-picture distribution and motion-picture theaters;
nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.

8 Motion-picture production and services independent of motion-picture production but allied thereto.


3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
T abu lated b e lo w a r e in d e x e s o f s a la r ie s of w om en o ffic e c l e r i ­
c a l w o r k e r s , and o f a v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c te d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s.
F o r o ff ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , the in d exes re la te to a v e r a g e
w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o rm a l h o u r s o f w ork , that is , the standard w o rk
sch ed u le fo r w h ich s tr a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e p aid . F o r plant w o r k e r
g ro u p s, the in d e x e s m e a s u r e ch a n g es in s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s,
e x clu d in g p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s, h o li­
d a y s, and late s h ifts .
The in d e x e s a r e b a sed on data fo r s e le c te d
k ey o ccu p a tio n s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e rica lly im p ortan t jo b s
w ithin ea ch g ro u p .
E ig h teen jo b s w e re in clu d ed in the o ffic e c le r i c a l
in d ex; 10 sk ille d m ain ten a n ce jo b s and 3 u n sk illed jo b s w e r e in clu d ed
in the plant w o r k e r in d e x e s .
See fo o tn o te s to table 2.
A v e r a g e w eek ly s a la r ie s or a v e ra g e h ou rly ea rn in g s w e r e
co m p u ted fo r ea ch o f the s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s . The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u rly e a rn in g s w e re then m u ltip lied by the a v e ra g e o f F e b r u a r y
1953 and M a rch 1954 e m p lo y m e n t in the jo b . T h ese w eigh ted ea rn in g s
fo r in d ivid u al o cc u p a tio n s w e r e then added to obtain an a g g re g a te fo r
e a ch o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the ra tio o f these grou p a g g re g a te s
fo r a giv en y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the b a se p e r io d (su rv e y m onth,
w in ter 19 5 2 -5 3 ) w as com p u te d and the re s u lt m u ltip lied by the b a se
y e a r in d ex (100) to get the in d ex fo r the given y e a r .

The in d e x e s m e a s u r e p r in c ip a lly the e ffe c ts o f ( l ) gen era l
sa la ry and w age ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s in pay r e ­
c e iv e d by in divid u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sam e jo b ; and (3) la b o r
tu rn o v e r o r fo r c e ex p a n sion o r red u ction .
A fo r c e expan sion m ight
in c r e a s e the p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o c c u ­
pation and re su lt in a d rop in the in dex, w h e re a s a red u ction in the
p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ould have the op p osite e ffe c t. The
in d e x e s a r e a ls o a ffe c te d by sh ifts in the p r o p o r tio n o f w o rk e rs e m ­
p lo y e d by e sta b lish m e n ts with d iffe re n t pay le v e ls .
F o r exam p le,
the m o v e m e n t o f a h ig h -p a y in g esta b lish m en t out o f an a re a cou ld
ca u se the in d ex to d r o p , even though no change in ra tes o c c u r r e d in
oth er a r e a e sta b lish m e n ts.
T he u se o f constant em p loym en t w eigh ts elim in a tes the e ffe cts
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s re p r e s e n te d in each jo b in ­
clu d ed in the in d ex .
N or a r e the in d exes in flu en ced by ch anges in
standard w ork sch e d u le s o r in p re m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e , sin ce they
a r e b a se d on pay fo r s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rs .
In d exes fo r the p e r io d 1952 to 1955 f o r w o r k e r s in 17 m a jo r
la b o r m a r k e ts , a p p e a re d in BLS B u ll. 1172,
W ages and R elated
B e n e fits, 17 L a b o r M a rk e ts, 1954-55.

Table 2: Indexes of standard weekly salaries for office clerical1 and average straight-time hourly earnings for selected plant occupational groups
in Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif. , March 1955 and March 1956 and percent of increase for selected periods
Indexes
Percent increase from—
(February 1953 ~ 100)
March 1954
March 1955
Industry and occupational group
February 1953 January 1952
January 1952
March
March
to
to
to
to
to
1956
1955
March 1956
March 1955
March 1954 February 1953
March 1956
A ll industries:
108.4
4. 7
3. 6
113.5
4.6
7.2
Office clerical (women) ___
__ __
21.6
3.0
108.7
5. 6
Skilled maintenance (men) „
114.8
5.5
6.2
22.0
3.6
113.6
109.8
3.4
6.0
Unskilled plant (men) __ __ __ __ _ _
22.6
7.9
Manufacturing:
4. 3
3.6
109.0
113.7
5.2
Office clerical (women)_;___________________
8. 5
23.3
Skilled maintenance (men) _
_
115.2
5.8
108. 9
5.8
6. 7
2.9
23.0
U n s k ille d plant, (m e n )
....
... .
... . .
108.6
3.5
7. 6
21.4
112.9
3.9
4.9
1 Based on data for the following jobs:
Office clerical (women):
B illers, machine (billing machine)
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A and B
Comptometer operators
Clerks, file, class A and B
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Key-punch operators
Office girls
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Switchboard operators
Switchboard ope rator - receptionists
Tabulating-machine operators
Transcribing-machine operators, general
Typists, class A and B




2 Based on data for the following jobs:
Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics, automotive
Millwrights
Painters
Pipefitters
Sheet-metal workers
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling
Watchmen




5

A : Occupational Earnings
Table A-l: Office Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M a r c h 1 9 5 6 )

Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

M en

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

$
$
s
$
s
$
$
$
$
S
$
t
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
S
35. Q 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70. 00 75.00 80. 00 85.00 9 0 . 00 95. 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
0
and
“
“
“
“
“
and
under
40. 00 45.00 50.00 -55,-0,0 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over

$
85.50
85. 56
85.50
85.00

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A --------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ---------------------------------W h o l e s a le t r a d e -----------------------------------F i n a n c e * * ----------------------------------------------

977
595
382
53
181
84

40.0
40. 0
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ----------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ----------------------------------

292
166

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

72.00
6 8 . 50
76.50
70.50

-

-

-

-

6
2

C l e r k s , o r d e r --------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------------------------------

1,482
384

40.0
40. 0
40.0
40.0

84.00

-

-

-

-

-

8 9 .0 6

82.00
81.50

-

-

-

-

-

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l -----------■
-----------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------------M o t io n p i c t u r e s ------------------------------------

397
274
123

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

85. 50
80. 50
97.00
107.50

-

-

-

-

1
1

O f f i c e b o y s -------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------F i n a n c e * * ---------------------------------------------M o t io n p i c t u r e s ------------------------------------

523
269
254
70

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
40.0

55.00
56.60
54.00
49.00
60. 50

T a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s -----------------M a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ---------------------------------W h o l e s a le t r a d e -----------------------------------F i n a n c e * * ---------------------------------------------M o t io n p i c t u r e s ------------------------------------

934
457
477
55
150
155
60

39.5
40. 0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.0
40.0

82.00
8 1.60

83.50
83.00
82.00
77. 50
102. 50

910
179
731
229

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

168
86

39.5
40.0
39.5

495
215
280
116

40.0
T O
40.0
40.0

126
26

1,0 98

1,014

68

110

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

88.00

76.00

-

-

-

-

-

41
25

29

40
34

-

74
59
15

16
6

-

-

-

29
29

35
24

53
37

11

16

-

1

-

5
9

8

39
21

-

1

-

-

-

-

132
75
57

80
56
24
14
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26

14

120

41
36
5
-

40
29

--39

11
2

4
-

22
1

-

17

11

5

_

-

_

3

-

3
19
_

5

15
43
-

12

-

-

-

“

104

396
57
339
93

204
67

72
28
44
34

10
10

33
9
24

49
46
3

10
-

78
3
75
22

76
38
38
5

-

-

3
3

1
_

_

-

1

-

.
_

_

_

6

!

16

2
2

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

_

_ !

_

_
_
_
-

_
_

_

.

_
_

-

no
28
82
55

19
~T3

-

_

_

_

_

_

;

_

_

_

_

_

i

-

101

84
17
17

4
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

!

_

_

4
4

2
2

6
6

22
20
2
2

10

28
4
24
14

14
4

3

28

-

10
10

3
3

2
26

_
_
_

.
_
_

_

26

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

4
4
.
-

1
.

_

_

1
1

_
-

_

-

1
1

_

.

_

_

_

.

_
-

-

10
10

_
_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_ :
_ ;
_ 1
- !

_
_
-

_
.
_
-

_ i
_ 1
-

.

_
.

1

_

_

5

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

152
90

191

91
32
59
5
17

42
ll
31
3

13

12

6

4

3

7

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

_

4

3

2
_

-

_
_

_
_

_

_
_
_

7
_

10

6
_
-

_

_
_
_
_

-

-

9

6

6

2

_
5

_
-

58

_

6
_

43

7
_
7
_
_
7

15

6

102

_
-

125 .
38
87
77

_
-

35
9 1" 24
7
11
_
6
_
_
-

22
1

89
54
35
4
7
19
-

37
65

-

268

12

22

_

268

11
6

-

2
1

110

98
76

11

-

357
313

4
-

29

-

125
71
54
4
37

3

142
19
123

-

28

-

72

32

8

301
33

26
90
90

53
52

6

55
47
3
42
-

56
3
39

2

467

-

102

’
ll

27
-

116

7

127

12

68
61
61

49
4

197
T51
46
31
29

66
1

19
3

5
5
5

-

51
33
-

31

18
13

51.
25
26
25
-

21

62
34
28

4

-

149
83

4

8
8
8

172
107
65
27
15
13

62

80

194
n
82

14

22

6

20

25

18
-

20
2

43
24
3

51
4
47
7

1
-

1
1

111

'

1

12

15

7
9

2
11
-

5
7
1

.

..

_
3

.

_

_

-

-

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b il l in g m a c h i n e ) ----------M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------------W h o l e s a le t r a d e -----------------------------------B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e (b o o k k e e p i n g
m a c h i n e ) —------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------

82

_

_

23

-

-

-

-

59. 50
61.50

"

-

23
“

104
9

69. 50
66.50
69.50

_

_

_

9

-

-

-

6

-

-

“

3

60.00
6 2 .5 0

“

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
M a n u fa c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------------W h o l e s a le t r a d e ------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te a t en d o f ta b le .
*
T r a n s p o r ta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a il r o a d s ) ,
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .




75.00
77.0 6 “
73.50
76.50

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

10
-

88
116

1

57
19

'

1

-

_

21

-

18
3

35
3
32

“

23
7
16
16

153
ld 8
45
5

"
_
-

-

90

46

20

26

70
48

20
18

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

.

.

_

_

-

-

-

_

.

_

_

.
_

-

_

_

.

_

_
.

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

1
1

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

“

-

-

5
3
2
2

_

10
10
-

-

_

NOTE:

.
-

-

-

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

•-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
“

-

O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y ,
c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

.
-

a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

D a ta f o r n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g d o n o t in c lu d e i n f o r m a t io n f o r d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ; th e r e m a in d e r o f r e t a i l t r a d e i s
a p p r o p r i a t e l y r e p r e s e n t e d in d a t a f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d a n d f o r n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g . " M o t io n p i c t u r e s " r e f e r s
to m o t io n - p ic t u r e p r o d u c t io n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ( G r o u p 7 8 1 1 ) a n d m o t io n - p ic t u r e s e r v i c e i n d u s t r i e s ( G r o u p 7 8 2 1 ) a s
d e fi n e d in th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l (1 9 4 9 e d it i o n ) p r e p a r e d
b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t.

-

-

L o s A n g e le s- L o n g B e a c h , C a lif ., M a rc h 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s

6

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M a r c h 1 9 5 6 )
A ve RAGE

in
00

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0

-

148

3 9 .5

5 9 .5 0

-

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s A
.... .
M a n u fa c tu r in g
...
. _ . ..
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______ ______________
W h o le s a le t r a d e
_ _
F in a n c e * *
____
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) _________________________________
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ________________________

1, 8 1 6
944
872
1 11
172
279

40. 0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
40. 0
4 0 .0
39. 5

7 6 . 00
7 7 . 00
7 5 .5 0
7 7 . 50
7 8 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

177
46

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

7 4 . 50
1 0 2 .5 0

-

-

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s B
____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________ ______ ____________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e
............ .
F in a n c e * *
.
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) _______ ________________________

3, 102
1, 5 2 5
1, 5 7 7
371
335
570

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

6 4 .0 0
6 5 . 50
6 3 . 00
7 1 .0 0
6 5 . 50
5 4 .0 0

-

55
55
-

13b
20
116
1
-

55

115

118

3 7 .5

6 3 . 50

"

-

-

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A __________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_
___ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
___
.... . ....
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______________________
F in a n c e * *
._
.
......

459
177
282
73
142

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 0
40. 0
3 8 .5

6 3 . 50
6 8 . 00
6 1 . 00
6 4 . 00
5 5 .5 0

12
-

21
-

12
-

21
-

C le rk s , file , c la s s B
_ _ ..... .... .
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ....
. _
F in a n c e * * _
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p ic tu r e s )
_
__ . . . _

3, 3 29
1, 1 0 7
2 , 222
99
346
1, 3 4 8

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
3 8 .5

5 2 .0 0
6 0 . 00
4 8 .0 0
6 2 . 50
5 3 .0 0
4 5 . 00

205

3 9 .5

4 7 .5 0

622
352
270
180

4 0 .0
“ ■'4 o : g "
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 8 .0 0
6 8 . 00
6 7 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

C le rk s , p a y r o ll
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
.... ._
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
........ .
v V h o le s a le t r a d e
.......
F in a n c e * *
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) _______________________________
M o tio n p ic t u r e s
.............

3, 3 80
458
2, 922
221
2 ,4 2 9

96
-

658
-

96
-

658
-

810
2
808
-

96

657

-

1

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

i

2 3 9 1 1 79
75“
1 03
164
76
71
69
70
3

764

660
49
611
20
482

572
95
477
55
357

16

i

81

29

5

28
28
-

11
11
-

28

11

1 06
13
93
4
10
55

-

-

22

“

89
66
23
4
.

11
9
2
2
_

41
35
6
_

_
_
_
_

25
24
1
_
i

-

.

j

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

i ~

3.
3 ‘
3
-

14
14
-

1
1
-

-

1
1
-

-

-

| ; 1 i -

-

14

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

j
- !
_ j
_ j
_

_

1, 3 8 7
785
602
96
103
85
154
38

40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 2 . 50
7 2 . 00
7 3 . 00
6 8 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
6 8 . 00
7 2 . 00
1 0 3 .5 0

_
-

-

-

-

-

286
1 09
177
11
13
94

325
206
1 19
31
52
18

587
409
1 78
19
29
68

204
1 21
83
40
12
5

1 42
48
94
-

84
38
46

12
-

12 j.
- 1

28
-

2
23
-

12
-

12
1 j
-

46

18

26
-

23
1

13

5

11

-

56
19
37
19
10
-

23
2
21
-

9
6
3
-

*
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

184
29
155
9
16
124

539
265
274
36
52
133

824
445
379
55
97
1 11

535
329
206
38
100
32

464
329
135
86
26
-

275
81
194
127
34
-

2

33

49

12

14

8

-

-

-

92
22
70
27
34

82
50
32
2
28

44
27
17
-

22
14
8
3

7
-

4
4
2

1

7
-

18
1
17
13

8

-

78
63
15
7
3

-

-

304
152
152
10
48
32

603

259
188
7 1
56
-

23
3
20
8
2
-

-

19
-

5
5
-

9
-

2
-

-

12

21

215
-

573
36
537
-

212

19
404

832
59
773
5
94
528

489
124
365
14
141
158

-

539
64
6
31
7

83

64

21

20

_

29

-

-

24

-

-

134
58
76
38

54
54
-

-

51
27
24
4

_

_

_

-

-

-

48
9
39
24

75
51
24

198
107

_

_

_

7

2

-

-

-

7

5

12

_

5

'

-

-

73
-

-

-

5
-

42
-

73
19
36

215
-

-

16

-

25
6

-

65
43

70
38
32
32

240
151
89
31
6

85
39
46

24
19

266
758
98
16
24
10

~ U

~

31
27
281
173
108

22
18

77

3 1

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~
-

-

*

“

“

•

”

~

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

31
46
46

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

77

~

-

"

“

~

3

14
14
-

11

-

-

-

-

-

42
35
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

'

-

-

62
30
32
2
-

27
13
14
4
-

-

3

7

13

12

5

29

29

22

20

9

10

15

5

-

*

•

"

*

-

6

1

5

7
7

-

-

9
-

3

-

-

3
3

-

2

1

1

14

11

11

-

-

-

-

-

;
!
|

-

91
10
20
28

3

-

2
- l
2
- 1
-

j

_
-

5
5
-

-

42
27
15
15

97

•

i
j

| 1
J

j

S e e f o o t n o t e at e n d o f t a b l e .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .




|
i
I

i

$
57. 00
7 1 .0 0
5 5 . 00
6 6 . 50
5 3 .5 0

C le r k s , o r d e r
...........................
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g .... ____ ..
W h o le s a le tr a d e

and
i
9 5 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 o v e r

9 0 .0 0
j

v fo m e n - C o n tin u e d
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
cla s s B
.......
........ ....................... ............. ..
M a n u fa c tu r in g
. _
_
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
......... ..............
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______________________
F i n a n c e * * _______________________________
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) _________________ _____________

$
s
is
$
is
s
1
$
1
$
S
$
S
s
8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 : 1 1 5 . 0 0 ’> 1 2 0 .0 0 ' 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 i 1 4 0 . 0 0

o
o

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

©
o

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

o
00

o c c u p a tio n ,

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
1$
!$
$
1$
3 5 . 0 0 4 0 . 0 0 4 5 . 00| 5 0 . 0 0 5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 j 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0
and
under
4 0 . 0 0 4 5 . 0 0 5 0 . OOI 5 5 . 0 0 6 0 . 0 0 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0

96

Sex,

Number
of
workers

-

i “

-

'

7

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings 1 fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Los A ngeles-L ong B each, C alif. , by industry division, March 1956)
Average
Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
Weekly
3 5 .0 0
earnings
and
(Standard)
under
4 0 .0 0

$
4 0 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

S
$
5 0 . 00 5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

s
s
$
1
$
$
$
$
%
%
%
$
$
$
%
S
6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

55. 00

65. 00

7 0 . 00

and
6 0 .0 0

75. 00

80. 00

8 5 .Q O

9 0 .0 0

1 5 ,-Q O . 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 1 4 0 .0 0

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d
C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ____ _________ __
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ ___
__ ____________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _ _______ __________ ,.
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( m i m e o g r a p h o r d itto )
______ __
______
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------- ------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

2, 390

40. 0
40. 0

1, 694
84
936

39. 5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

68.
69.
68.
61.
69.

274
167
107

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

5 9 . 50
63. 00
5 4 . 50

39.
40.
39.
40.
40,.
39.

67.
69.
66.
71.
69.
59.

z w ~

50
50
00
50 50

50
50
00
00
50
50

K e y - p u n c h o p e r a t o r s __________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________ ________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
F i n a n c e * * __ __ „
_ ______________
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) _________________________________
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s _________________________

2 , 223
1, 154

86
65

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

6 0 . 50
88. 00

O f f i c e g i r l s ________ __
_______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
F i n a n c e * * ___________________ _________
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) _________________________________
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s _________________________

924
401
523
118
214

39. 5
4 0 .0
39. 0
4 0 .0
38. 5

52.
55.
49.
52.
46.

53
42

38. 0
40. 0

S e c r e t a r i e s _______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________ „
F i n a n c e * * ____________________________ ____
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) _________________________________
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s _______________________

8, 469
4, 420
4 , 049
451
784
1, 357
745
482

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ____ __ ___________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
F in a n c e * *
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o tio n
p i c t u r e s ) ___________________________ ___
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ___ ____________________

8, 9 44
3, 900
5, 044
436
754
2 , 240

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , t e c h n i c a l ____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
F in a n c e * *
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) ________________________________
M o tio n p ic t u r e s
______ __ ___________

1 ,0 6 9
172
202
426

5
0
5
0
0
0

00
50
50
50
00

_

-

-

-

41
41
4

100
45
55
4
34

236
21
215
-

7
7
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

168

311
95
216
5
169

100

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

49
44
5

9
4
5

6
4
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_

i
;

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

|

329
192
137
33

394
328
66
37

-

-

_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
*_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

|

18
-

28
6
22
-

_

19
5

103
24
79
34
23
-

74
20
54
-

49
47

333
221
112
26
20
29

6
-

13
25
133

490
257
233
20
48
93

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

349
56
293
17
82

525
84
441
15
285

254
142
112
7
72

434
202
232
10

-

133
51
82
22
24

28
7
21

46
6
40

40
13
27

95

-

1
1

-

2
-

37
-

-

37
-

280
74
206

-

2
-

147
32
115
9
-

-

2

26

91

-

-

89
6

-

11

7

9

40

4

-

"

-

11
10

12

14

22

-

6

-

“

4
1

-

“

8

144
21
123

266
98
168
45
77

222
83
139
23
35

91
46
45
12
3

129
119
10
1
-

47
31
16
8
-

13
1
12
8
-

4
2
2
2
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

_

-

_
-

_

-

_
-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_
_

_
_
_

.
_

19
-

18
24

12
15

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

23
10
13
-

498
115
383
27
41
180

1028
447
581
13
104
293

1079
602
477
32
121
183

2163
1463
700
116
1 41
232

1499
955
544
127
152

498
258
240
26
52
76

206
24
182
25
24
39

358
95
263
2
4
22

75
24
51
24
2
8

100
23
77
-

30
8
22
-

17
_

7
_

9
_

2
-

21
-

17
_
_

7
2
5
_

2
_

116

710
380
330
49
93
97

2
_
_

7
_
_

9
_
_
_

158
5

112
11

46
34

22
42

19
63

20
193

-

-

-

-

_

75

1

-

17

17

5

2

7

9

976
'47'S' "]
498
96
73
174

319
187
132
4
40
30

224
94
130
-

51
12
39
-

5
5
-

5
-

_

_

_

_

1
-

30
30
-

_

17
-

57
16
41
-

5
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_

8
33

30

-

5

-

-

-

"

-

5

-

8
-

-

3

-

-

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0
40. 0
3 9 .0

7 9 . 50
7 9. 00
7 9 . 50
8 1 . 50
7 9. 00
7 4 .0 0

-

-

1
-

12

159
14
145
10
27
99

38. 5
40. 0

7 4 . 50
1 0 3 .5 0

-

-

1

1

5

129

154

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

78
1

_

29
29
-

103
11
92
2
-

26

51

390
33
357
35
17
183

936
129
807
34
117
385

2156
877
1279
68
168
672

1932
894
1038
86
1 91
477

1731
1169
562
1 11
130
242

-

3

35

120

266

268

-

"

"

-

-

-

164
5

45
10

55
92

20
38

8
89

38

00
00
00
50
50
50

-

-

-

_
-

992
345

38. 5
40. 0

6 2. 00
8 7. 50

467
lS 8 “
299
1 21

39. 5
40. 0
3 9 .5
39. 0

79.
89.
74.
64.

50
50
00
00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

42
42
37

37
37
15

82
22
60
49

43
43
14

61
11
50
6

29
9
20
-

16
10
6
-

69
65
4
-

54
45

19
-

9
-

19
-

3
3
-

4
3
1
-

7
7
-

104
47

39. 0
40. 0

7 2 . 50
9 9 . 50

-

-

-

-

-

17

11

29

15

-

“

“

“

“

"

5

-

“

4

-

"

32
8

19

~

1

7

"

2

See footn ote at end o f ta b le .
* T r a n s p o rta tio n (ex clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , co m m u n ica tio n , and other public u tilitie s
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .

_

_
_
_
;
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

"

1________
_




_
_
_
_
_

-

5 1 .0 0
5 5 . 50

68.
70.
66.
68.
67.
63.

.
.

-

19
91

5
0
5
0
0
0

!

-

8

39.
40.
39.
40.
40.
39.

6
-

!
i

1

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-t im e w eek ly h ou rs and ea rn in gs 1 fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
in L o s A n g e le s -L o n g B e a ch , C a lif. , by in d u stry d iv isio n , M a rch 1956)

Average

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly

Weekly

(Standard)

(Standard)

$
3 5 .0 0

$
$
S,
S
™ $
4 0 . 00 4 5 .0 0 5 0. 00 5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0

under
4 0 .0 0 ; 4 5 .0 0 ! 5 0 .0 0

55. 00

-

-

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

1
------------1
------------fs
s
!$
s
!$
$
£
e
IS
$
L
s
$
$
7 0 . 0 0 ! 7 5 . 0 0 ! 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 1 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 1 0 5 . 0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 H 1 5 .0 C
1 2 5 . 0 0 1 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 . 0C 1 4 0 . 0 0
i
_
_
and
1
7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 I 8 0 . 0 0 1 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 m o . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 1 )1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 r i v e r
6 5 . 00

I
|

I

445
102

S w itch boa rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ____
1 ,6 8 8
M a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________ — m ~
827
N on m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
47
P u b lic u tilities * ___________________
W h oles a le trade ___________________
265
F in a n ce ** __________________________
205
S e r v ic e s (exclu d in g m o tio n
181
p ic tu re s ) __________________________
T a b u la tin g-m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s __________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
F in an ce * * __________________________

282
122
160
75

40. 0
5070“
39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
39. 0

$
6 3 . 00
7 1 .0 0
6 0 . 00
6 8 . 50
6 4 . 50
56. 00

40. 0
39. 5

5 2 . 00
86. 00

8
8
-

_

206
6
200
2
10

288
33
255
15
36

254
58
196
29
45

263
91
172
82
18

-

-

-

“

-

122

61

92

97

-

-

125
-

123
123
-

-

-

-

151
41
n o
_

125
-

i
i

294
192
102
58
24

145
86
59
24
19

55
33
22
-

-

-

-

-

-

32

32

-

-

2
6

3
11

2
16

2
61

360
262
98
1
22
9

190
69
1 21
39
36
17

115
25
90
4
43
13

14
9
5
-

8
8
-

3
3
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

1

-

-

_

_

8

-

-

25
15
10
-

4
2
2
_
-

7
7
-

_

_

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

21
21
-

62
32
30
-

39. 0

-

-

11

7
64

269
88
1 81
2
53
59

40. 0

5 9. 00

-

-

16

39

57

27

30

-

12

-

-

-

3 9 .5
40. 0

77.
78.
76.
73.

_

_

_

-

-

-

6
-

2
-

23
14

6

2

-

-

-

-

28
9
19
7

69
39
30
16

26
16
10
3

42
27
15
2

3
3
-

-

9
6

61
13
48
36

39. 5
40. 0
40. 0

39. 5
38. 5

00
00
50
00

■

13
1
12
4

1
!
4
1

■

_

-

5

-

_
-

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

t
5
-

_
-

-

_
-

1

-

_
-

_

-

j

00
00
00
00
50
00

40. 0

470
297“
173
1
97
32

4

68
5
63
-

64.
64.
64.
73.
66.
59.

o

1, 840
507
1, 333
210
156
3 51

V
o

W om en - C ontinued
S w itch boa rd o p e r a to r s ___________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___, _____________________
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u tilities * ___________________
W h olesa le trade ___________________
F in an ce * * __________________________
S e r v ic e s (ex clu d in g m o tio n
p ic tu re s ) __________________________
M otion p ic tu re s ____________________

1

i
I

o

Number
of
workers

o

Sex, o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

-

-

>

-

_
-

"

"

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

"

'

~
i

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l ___________________ ________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
W h o le s a le trad e ___________________
F in a n ce * * ________________________

699
195
504
84
270

39.
40.
39.
40.
38.

0
0
0
0
0

5 9 . 50
57. 00
6 1 .0 0
6 3 .0 0
5 7 . 50

T y p is ts , c la s s A ___________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
W h o le s a le tra d e ___________________
F in an ce ** __________________________
S e r v ic e s (ex clu d in g m o tio n
p ic tu re s ) __________________________
M otion p ic tu re s _______________ _____

3 , 181
1 ,4 6 2
1, 7 19
355
1, 0 7 0

39.
4 0 '.
39.
40.
39.

5
O'"
5
0
0

6 4 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
5 9. 00
6 4 . 00
5 5 . 50

56
45

39. 0
4 0 .0

6 6 . 50
8 4 . 00

T y p is ts , c la s s B _______________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u tilities * ___________________
W h olesa le t r a d e ____________________
F in an ce * * __________________________
S e r v ic e s (ex clu d in g m o tio n
p ic tu re s ) __________________________

6, 4 8 3
2, 376
4 , 107
146
344
2, 7 12

39. 0
4 0 .0
38. 5
4 0 .0
40. 0
38. 0

5 5 .0 0
6 o. bo
5 2. 00
6 0 . 00
5 5 . 50
5 1 .0 0

633

39. 5

5 0 . 50

24
24
24

28
-

_
-

_
-

_

.

_

.

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

;
!

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

!

56
38
18
10
1

68
54
14
2

14
2
12
2

_

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
13

1
6

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

12

10

-

“

-

"

-

"

-

-

15
2
13
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

~

-

"

“

”

-

-

•

.

28
2
26

156
101
55
8
38

171
52
119
12
87

137
27
110
32
52

107
11
96
26
19

57
57
2
11

17
4
13
13

-

64
-

159
-

414
■-

64
-

159
-

606
276
330

64

154

414
55
307

507
117
390
51
257

109
184

524
361
163
56
84

336
249
87
44
11

433
365
68
26
8

_

_

_

16

3

8

15
4
266
209
57

-

-

-

56
-

552
-

56
-

552
-

56

398

1088
94
994
10
30
687

148

143

-

-

-

1376
1665
496“
547

512
409
103
20
-

29
5

26
8
18
-

64

8

-

14

2
-

-

3

-

1169
36
100
849

829
31
143
475

927
611
316
20
66
175

166

108

51

1 H ours r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the ea rn in gs c o r r e s p o n d to these w e e k ly h o u r s .
* T r a n sp o rta tio n (ex clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




-

-

■”

i

_
-

9

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(A ve ra ge s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s 1 fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s studied on an a r e a b a sis
in Los A n g e le s -L o n g B e a ch , C a lif. , by in d u stry d iv is io n , M a r c h 1956)
Average
S e x, oc c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
W
eekly
W
eekly U nder 65 .0 0 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00
earnings
hours
and
and
(Standard) (Standard)
under
6 5 .0 0 70.00 -15.»-0 Q_acL_oo .85^00 9 0 .0 0 -S5...00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 ov er

M en
233
179

40. 0
4 0 .0

$
130 .50
129 .50

-

-

-

-

"

-

D ra fts m e n , s e n i o r ----------------------------------- 2 ,6 4 1
M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------- 2 ,3 7 5
266
N on m an u factu rin g -------------------------------53
P u b lic u t ilitie s * -----------------------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

98. 50
9 7 .0 0
110.00
1 01 .00

-

•"

20
16
4
4

246
245
1

257

249
248
1
1

D ra fts m e n , ju n io r ----------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g --------------------------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 0 .5 0
77. 50
9 8 .5 0

76
68
8

99
96
3

281
279
2

119
111
8

D ra fts m e n , l e a d e r -------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------------

1 ,0 7 5
933
142

z & r

13
2

-

204
T80~1
24

-

-

18
18

350
476
444 ' 340"
10
32
2
2
70
63
7

91
90
1

-

341

145
134
11
5

W2T

13
10
3

39
25
5
4
1

3

25
25

35
35

78
187
50' " 1 3 3
28
54
1
11

37

74
32
66
36 '
30

94
114
67 “ 102
27
12

10
10
11
10
1

-

4
4

_

-

3
2
1

-

_ ■
_
"

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1

-

r

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
—

2
2

-

11
2

-

4
4

_

-

-

"

50
2
48

57

2o

-

2
2

-

_

1

26
26
1

_
-

_

1

-

_
I
!
i

W om en
N u r s e s , in d u s tr ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) -------- -----M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------

29
29

557
494
63

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 4 .0 0
84. 50
8 2 .0 0

11
7
4

93
86
7

55
44
11

21
13
8

105
96
9

125
117
8

109
104
5

13
9
4

15
9
6

3

■

1

3

6
6

1

"

"

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

L -____

1 H ours r e fl e c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re gu la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s and the ea rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
* T ra n sp o rta tio n (ex clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , co m m u n ica tio n , and other pu b lic u t ilit ie s .
NOTE:

Data f o r nonm an ufacturing do not in clu d e in fo r m a tio n f o r dep a rtm en t s t o r e s ; the r e m a in d e r o f r e t a il tra d e is
a p p ro p r ia te ly r e p re s e n te d in data f o r a ll in d u s trie s co m b in e d and fo r non m an u fa ctu rin g. "M o tio n p i c t u r e s " r e fe r s
to m o tio n -p ictu re p r o d u ctio n e s ta b lis h m e n ts (G roup 7811) and m o tio n -p ic tu r e s e r v ic e in d u s trie s (G roup 7821) as
defin ed in the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual (1949 e d ition ) p r e p a r e d by the B u rea u o f tb«... L-cb^et.

T a b le

A -3 :

M a in te n a n c e

and

P o w e r p la n t

O c c u p a t io n s

(A v e ra g e h ou rly ea rn in gs 1 fo r m e n in s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
in Los A n g e le s -L o n g B e a ch , C a lif. , by in d u stry d iv is io n , M a r c h 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccu p a tion and in d u s try d iv is io n

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in ten a n ce ------------------------------------M an u factu rin g -------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------P u b lic u tilitie s * -----------------------------------------S e r v ic e s (ex clu d in g m o tio n p ic t u r e s ) ----M o tio n p i c t u r e s --------------------------------------------

1, 108
813
295
48
55
59

E le c t r ic ia n s , m a in t e n a n c e -----------------------------------M an u factu rin g ------------------ -------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------M otion p ic tu r e s --------------------------------------------

2 ,2 3 1
1, 856
375
188

Average
hourly
earnings
?
..

2 .3 8
2. 58
2 .2 9
2. 62
3. 14
2.
2.
2.
3.

57
52
83
14

$
$
1. 50
1 .60
and
under
1. 60
1 .7 0
-

-

$
1 .70

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .90

$
2 .0 0

$
2 . 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2. 30

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2 . 70

$
2 . 80

$
2 .9 0

$
3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3 .2 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3. 10

3 .2 0

3. 30

1. 80

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

2 .2 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2. 70

2 . 80

-

-

6
6
-

24
23
1
-

33
14
19
2
-

149
110
39
17
6
-

120
lb 7
13
2
-

22 7
215
12
4
4
-

230
198
32
23
1
“

80
33
47
17
-

71
. ?1
-

60
8
52
12
“

2
2
-

41
32
9
_
9
-

6
6
_
6
-

59
59
_
59

-

-

-

-

30
29
1

81
165
58 "149
16
23
- '

192
185
7
-

801
773
28
-

179
169
10
"

358
274
84
-

85
fl
14
-

4
4

37
37
-

26
22
4
-

205
17
188
188

-

$
3. 30
"
3 .4 0

$
3 .4 0
3 .5 0

$
3. 50
"
3 .6 0

_
_
_

>
.

-

-

-

-

68
68

_
_
_

_

-

-

-

_
- *
-

_

_

_
_

_

S ee footn ote at end o f ta b le .
O ccu p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y , L o s A n g e le s -L o n g B e a ch , C a li f ., M a rch 1956
* T r a n s p o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , co m m u n ica tio n , and other public u t ilit ie s .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF LABO R




B u rea u of L a bor S tatistics
N O TE:

Data f o r nonm an ufacturing do not in clu d e in fo r m a tio n f o r d ep a rtm en t s t o r e s ; the r e m a in d e r o f r e t a il trad e is
a p p ro p r ia te ly r e p r e s e n te d in data fo r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d and fo r n o n m an u fa ctu rin g. "M o tio n p ic t u r e s " r e fe r s
to m o tio n -p ic tu r e p ro d u ctio n e s ta b lis h m e n ts (G roup 7811) and m o tio n -p ic tu r e s e r v ic e in d u s trie s (G roup 7821) as
defin ed in the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual (1949 e d itio n ) p r e p a r e d b y the B u rea u o f the B udget.

10

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations - Continued
( A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s 1 f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
in L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M a r c h 1 9 5 6 )

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccup ation and in du stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

E n g in eers , s ta tio n a r y -----------------------------------------M anufacturing -------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------S e r v ic e s (exclu d in g m otion p i c t u r e s ) -----M otion p i c t u r e s -------------------------------------------

785
52 6
260
109
32

$
2.
2.
2.
2.
3.

F ir e m e n , s ta tion a ry b o ile r -------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

157
84

2. 03
2. 10

H e lp e r s , tr a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e ---------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------

1 ,6 9 4
1 ,5 1 6
178

M a c h in e -to o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m ------ -------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------

$
$
1 .6 0
1 .5 0
and
under
1. 60
1 .7 0

50
50
50
32
14

$
1. 70

$
1. 80

$
1 .9 0

$
2. 00

$
2 . 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2. 50

$
2. 60

$
2. 70

$
2. 80

$
2 .9 0

$
3. 00

$
3. 10

$
3 .2 0

$
3. 30

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

1.80

1 .9 0

2 . 00

2. 10

2 .2 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2. 60

2. 70

2. 80

2 .9 0

3. 00

3. 10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3. 40

3. 50

3. 60

99
19
80
1
-

25
25
-

48
25
23
23
-

8
8
8

_

>

11
11
11
-

4
4
4
"

23
1
22
19
-

45
"9
36
34

60
53
7
3
-

215
208
7
6
“

141
111
30
-

_

_

-

68
12

-

24
23

9
9

8
8

14
14

-

“

-

403
369
34

97
77
20

132
100
32

22
3
19

805
804
1

2
2
-

48
48

-

-

_

_

-

-

12
12

46
46

58
58

474
474

300
300

752
752"

_
-

-

22
22
-

151
139
12
-

143
133
10

213
211
)
3

25
16
9
1
“

66
36
30
11
-

246
30
216
162
31

185
27
158
143
5

771
165
606
469
55

935
121
814
755
18

28

220
199
21
13

377
655
22
14

205
196
9

-

691
656
35
32

24

3

131

-

-

-

.

_

-

-

34
18

2 .0 8
2. 08
2 .0 7

4
4

74
66
8

107
95
12

1 ,8 4 6
1 ,8 4 6

2 .4 7
2 .4 7

-

_

_

-

-

-

M a ch in ists, m ain ten an ce ------------------- ----------------M anufacturin g ---------------------------- ---------------------N onm anufacturing -------------------------------------------M otion p i c t u r e s -------------------------------------------

1 ,6 7 8
1 ,5 3 6
142
58

2.
2.
2.
3.

57
55
70
14

_
-

-

_
-

14
14
-

M e ch a n ics, au tom otiv e ( m a in t e n a n c e )-------------M anufacturin g -------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing -------------------------------------------P u blic u tilitie s * -----------------------------------------W h olesa le t r a d e -------------------------------------------

2 ,3 9 8
472
1 ,9 2 6
1,541
129

2. 36
2715
2. 36
2. 35
2 . 33

.
-

_
-

_
_

11
11
-

*

-

-

-

M e ch a n ics, m a in t e n a n c e ------------------- -----------------M anufacturing -------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing -------------------------------------------W h olesa le tra d e ------------------------------------------

2 , 149
2 ,0 5 5
94
61

2 .3 3
2 .3 3
2. 32
2 .3 2

-

_
-

_
-

50
50
-

-

-

M illw righ ts -----------------------------------------------------------M anufacturin g ---------------------------------------------------

360
— 352

2 .4 8

_

"T .'4 'S "

-

O i l e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

535
----- 511

1 .9 4
1 .9 4

_

P a in te r s , m ain ten an ce ---------------------------------------M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing -------------------------------------------P u blic u tilitie s * -----------------------------------------M otion p ic tu r e s ----------------------------------------

876
592
184
39
27

2 .3 6
2 .3 5
2 .4 1
2 .2 6
3. 14

_
-

P ip e fitte r s , m a in ten a n ce ---------------------------------574
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------- — 55T ~
321
265

2 .4 7
2742

S h e e t -m e t a lw o r k e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ------------------M anufacturin g ---------------------------------------------------

235
215

T o o l and die m a k e r s -------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

3 ,2 2 0
3 ,2 0 9

1
*

-

“

_

_

„

_

-

-

-

-

-

, 12
12

16
16

54
53

117

249
249

20
20

10
9

20
9
11
-

106
77
29
1

185
152
33
15

-

-

-

.

_

2

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

23

-

36
21

_
- .

-

-

-

_

2. 59
2759

P lu m b e r s , m ain ten an ce --------------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

-

-

212
210
2
2

-

t

r r

_
-

_

-

_

26
-

-

-

-

-

2. 52
2. 51

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2 .6 7
2. 67

-

-

_

-

_

_

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .




—

2T~

---- 3

“T H

7
7
-

-

99
67
32
32

-

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

"

-

-

*

-

“

-

-

-

164
164

25
26

"

-

-

-

-

-

406
398
8
-

483
446
37

69
69
-

15
15
-

62
62
-

-

37
15
22
14

64
52
12
6

26
10
16
-

-

"

29
26 _
3

38
38
-

-

299

T97
2

-

-

"

-

_

_

-

-

"

-

"

-

15
15

-

“

100
42
58
58

-

_
-

-

"

6
6
-

24
24
-

2
2
-

-

"

-

-

_
-

-

-

.
-

_
-

-

-

“

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

187
179

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

*

-

“

-

•

-

-

122
114
8
6

48
24
24
-

98
96
2
-

14
2
12
-

-

41
37'
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

27
27
27

-

8
-

140
114
26
17

2

26
26

122
120

154
154

231

6
6

-

-

4

-

5
5

18
13

130

82
78

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

-

"

50
50

16

5
6

-

-

26

12

-

-

~Ib

-

354
353

170
169

20

-

-

-

■

-

63
61
75
F T

2l

28
15

18

9
9

29
29

18

40
40

61
61

130
37
37

452
462

623
T H

H Q

16

1313
1313 "

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22

-

-

-

-

"22

-

30

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

3

_

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

9

180

TS0

11

Table A-4: Custodial and Material-Movement Occupations 1
( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s 2 s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
in L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M a r c h 1 9 5 6 )

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Average
hourly
earnings

8 .9 0
1.00
and
under
■L«.Q.Q- _L_LQ_

$

1. 10

$

1.20

f . 30

1 t.4Q.

1, 2 0 _

f . 40

f . 50

K-5Q..._

f.

60

f . 70

f .8 0

1 ^-ZQ— 1-.8-Q - .JL 9.0

f . 90

1.00

2-.QQ—

Z.M I Q

1.20

..

2 .2 0

I . 30

1 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$

2 ,.60

$
2 .7 0

1 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

2 .3 0

1 .1 0

2 .4 0

2

.5 0

2 .6 0

2 . 70

2 .8 0

2.90

3 .0 0

$
E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r (m e n )
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ________ _____________________
F i n a n c e * * _______________________________________
S e r v i c e s ( e x c lu d in g m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ) ____

_

1.22
1.21
1.26

378.
365
130
185

1 .0 7

E l e v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( w o m e n ) _______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________________

369
34 3

1 .2 9
1 .2 7

G u a rd s
M a n u fa c t u r in g
. __
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
F i n a n c e * * ______________________________________
M o t io n p i c t u r e s

2 ,7 6 3
—2 * 1 3 4
62 9

1 .9 5
1 .9 5

111

1 .5 0
2 .2 3

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , an d c le a n e r s ( m e n ) .
M a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________ ___________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
P u b lic u t i li t ie s *
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______________________________
F i n a n c e * * ______________________________________
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n p i c t u r e s ) _____
M o t io n p i c t u r e s _______________________________

1 0 .9 9 5
5 ,0 9 9
5 ,8 9 6
51 4
320
1 ,0 3 8
2 ,5 5 8
265

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c le a n e r s (w o m e n )
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________________
F i n a n c e * * ___________________________________ _
M o t io n p i c t u r e s _______________________________

2 , 569

332

1.98

155
155

6

-

134

51

_
-

65
65

28
28

.

6

6

-

-

-

6
6

-

21

33
33
33

57
57

21

-

1 .5 6
1 .7 0
1 .4 5
1 .6 7
1 .6 5
1 .3 1
1 .3 5

21

1.96

-

1 .3 2
1 .6 2
1 .2 7

116

-

-

18

12

60
38

5
5
-

1
1

11

-

~

-

-

_

_

_

-

_
-

-

"

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

26

-

14
14
-

_
-

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

8

-

-

-

-

4 20
115
305
305

-

-

-

-

-

803
189
614
31
29
52
435

1021

158 5
1333
25 2
50
40

2198
1396
80 2
255
55

_

6
22

8

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
.
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
.
_

11

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

95

135
135
_
-

8
8

120

515
209
306
9
32
, 265

22
8

14

1131
927
204
63
53
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

.

_

_

.
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

304

126
126
_

130
130
_

_
_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

• -

7
_
7
_
7

-

-

-

-

-

80

_

_

2460

22
22

709
312
56

2

10

30
105

156
23

2340
28
29
751
145 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

246

79
29
50

85
60
25

79
67

68

8
-

-

-

14
4

2
-

163

23

110

162
1

22
1

-

7 34

1.22

-

11

1

12

-

-

-

110

1 .9 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g
M a n u f a c t u r in g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ___________ _____ ___________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
W h o le s a le t r a d e
. _
. _ _
_

8 .5 3 5
4 ,0 3 6
4 ,4 9 9
869

1 .9 0
1 .8 9
1 .9 1

4
4
-

8

_
-

17
13
4
-

121

129

63
58
-

68
61
2

1,916

1 .9 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

649
511
138
_
113

1126
424
702
3
178

1853
1209
644
14
4 49

2803
950
1853
40 9
77 2

99 3
403
590
441
70

265
73
192

2.00

_
-

O rd er fille r s
M a n u f a c t u r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
W h o l e s a le t r a d e

1 .9 4

_

_

_

20

37

46

109

-

-

-

20

-

-

-

152
150

559
38 4

361
72
289
22 3

557

1.86

398
143
255
2 55

769

1 .9 6
1 .9 5

63
37
26
26

264

___

2 .8 1 1
603
2 ,2 0 8
1 ,4 1 4

P a c k e r s , s h ip p in g ( m e n )
M a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e

1 ,3 2 6
53 4
792
762

1 .8 3
1 .8 3
1 .8 4
1 .8 4

_

_

_

108
6l
47
47

43 9
117
322
322

357
2 03
154
136

148
9
139
135

332
332

1 .6 7
1 .6 7

1 ,1 4 8
650
498
2 43

1 .9 9
1 .9 4
2 .0 6
1 .9 9

......... .

_ _ _

_________________

P a c k e r s , s h ip p in g ( w o m e n )
. .
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_
_______
R e c e iv in g c le r k s
M a n u fa c t u r in g
____
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ...
W h o l e s a le t r a d e

_____

...
___ _____

... ..

-

-




6

20

-

40
14

89
45

4

4

21

12

-

-

-

-

-

55
34

-

-

4

4

21
21

21
21

171
91
80
80

*

-

112

210

_

112

66
238
_
208

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
19

_

_

.

.

-

_

_

_

_

.
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

2
2

_

_

37
37

136
136

153
153

_

_

_

-

6
6

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

4

2

_

88

103
64
39
19

365

102

200

46
56
39

172
70

-

53
34
19
19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

76

12

165

111

_

_

-

47
43
4

_
_

_

-

_

_

_
_
_
_

_

80
80

-

557
216

-

.

-

107
3
104
14

_

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
* * F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .

NOTE:

-

37
7

-

-

-

410
43
367
18

-

-

68
68

357
357
-

8

-

-

329

72
33
39

.

814
803

"

196 4
13
1951
570

_

-

-

6

_
_

590
501
89
27

-

240
140

_
_

-

n o
_
no

-

_

348
308
40
-

-

24
24
-

2 .9 6 1
392

_
_

_
_

5

-

120

-

183
139
44

-

-

7
7
-

20 9
148
61

12
12

22

5
5
-

-

21
21

6
6

307
18
269
-

43
33
-

166
166

33
33
31

-

116

2
2
2

_
-

21
-

___ 5 i _
57

71

68
68

102
39

118

102
16
6

.

_

-

-

23
13

66

1

-

-

_

10

66

7

-

1
1

2
2

_

_

i

_
_

_

-

.

_

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , M a r c h 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tics

D ata f o r n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g d o n o t i n c lu d e i n f o r m a t i o n f o r d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ; th e r e m a i n d e r o f r e t a i l t r a d e i s
a p p r o p r i a t e l y r e p r e s e n t e d in d a ta f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d a n d f o r n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g . " M o t i o n p i c t u r e s " r e f e r s
t o m o t i o n - p i c t u r e p r o d u c t i o n e s t a b l is h m e n t s (G r o u p 7 8 1 1 ) a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e s e r v i c e i n d u s t r i e s ( G r o u p 7 8 2 1 ) a s
d e f in e d in th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l (1 9 4 9 e d i t io n ) p r e p a r e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t .

12

Table A-4: Custodial and Material-Movement Occupations - Continued
(A v era g e h ou rly ea rn in g s 1 fo r s e le c te d occu p ation s 2 studied on an area b a sis
in L o s A n g e le s -L o n g B e a c h , C a lif. , by in d u stry d iv isio n , M a rc h 1956)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
w
orkers

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

Average
hourly
earnings

750
45 0
300
250

$
2 .0 8
2 .0 9
2 .0 7
2 .0 8

824
474
350

2 .0 1
2 .0 1
2 .0 0

T ru c k d r iv e r s 3
1 0 .9 7 3
M anufacturing ______________________________________
3 ,6 7 9
N onm anufacturing
_
....... .. . .
7 ,2 9 4
P ublic u t ilit ie s *
.........
3 ,6 7 0
W h o lesa le tra d e .
2 , 124
M otion p ic tu r e s _
_ *
..
, , ... _
40 3

2 .1 5
2 .1 1
2 . 16
2 .0 9
2 .1 9
2 .5 5

$
0 .9 0
and
under
1 .0 0

Shipping c le r k s
__
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
W h o lesa le tra d e

_ _

_
_

_
. ___

_

...

_
.

_ ...

.

Shipping and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s ______________________
M anufacturing _____________________ _________________
N onm anufacturing
............... ...........

T r u c k d r iv e r s , ligh t (under IV2 t o n s ) _________
M anufacturing _
N on m anufacturing
...
_ _
_ _

1 .2 6 6
6 l7
649

1 .9 0
1 .8 5
1 .9 5

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m (IV 2 to and
including 4 t o n s ) _________________________ _______
..... ............................
M anufacturing . . .
N onm anufacturing
_
___
P ub lic u t ilit ie s * _ _ . .....................
_____ . ..
W h o le sa le tra d e
.....

3 .8 0 3
1 ,1 3 1
2 ,6 7 2
1 ,6 0 5
74 3

2 .1 0
2 .1 6
2 .0 7
2 .0 8
2 .0 9

T r u c k d r iv e r s, h eavy (over
tr a ile r typ e)
_ ..
M anufacturing
N on m anufacturing _
P ub lic u t i li t i e s *
W h o le sa le tra d e

3 .2 9 9
1, 180
2 ,1 1 9
1 ,0 8 2
492

2 .2 0
2 .1 6
2 .2 2
2 . 10
2 .3 2

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h eavy (over 4 t o n s ,
other than t r a ile r ty p e )
_ ..................
M a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________________
N onm anufacturing
W h o le sa le tra d e
_ ___ ... ...

1 .5 7 4
521
1 ,0 5 3
597

T r u c k e r s , pow er ( f o r k lif t ) __________________________
M anufacturing
_ ...
_ ...
.... ....
N onm anufacturing
P ublic u tilitie s *
....... ..................
W h o le sa le tra d e _ ...... _____

3 .0 8 5
2 , 130
95 5
183
321

2 .2 0
2 .1 5
2 .2 1

911
60 3

2 .0 3
1 .9 2

1 ,0 5 8
699
359
109
114
40

1 .6 0
1 .6 4
1 .5 2
1 .3 4
1 .3 3
2 .2 6

4 ton s,
...
_
............ .
_ .... .... _ _
_
_
....... ..................

T r u c k e r s , pow er (other than fo r k lift) _
_
M anufacturing ...............
W atchm en
.....
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
Finance * *
S e r v ic e s (exclu din g m otion p i c t u r e s ) _____
M otion p ic tu r e s
_ _

*

$
1 .0 0

$
1 .1 0

$
1 .2 0

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$ ,
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

1 .1 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_
-

_

5
5
-

7
_
7

$
2 . 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2.90

2 .0 0

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 . 70

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

104
60
44
44

130
90
40
31

209
103
106
94

67
35
32
32

40
6
34
25

42
42
_

-

68
41
27
7

8
7
1

68
50
18

165
59
106

134
117
17

176
119
57

196
108
88

48
48

8
_
8

4
4

_

_

-

-

-

162
22
140
_

277
220
57
4
34

695
441
254
15
137

4086
1103
2983
2442
460

1905
425
1480
1018
355

691
243
448
189
94

1166
509
657

507
36
471
_

153
119
34
_

393

89 5
246
649
_
457

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
40 3

155
147
8

368
11
357

3
3

24
20
4

_

_

_

-

-

2058
170
1888
1378
430

48 5
232
253
117
66

293
89
204
109
32

434
395
39

91
28
63
_

35

63

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
_

2
2
_
_

44
22
22
_
_

4
4
-

2
2
_

75
61
14
1
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

139
-

277
20 0
77
1
19
-

44
22
22

4
4

2
_
2

69
61
8

148
22
126

125
118
7

47
43
4

275
170
105

87
25
62
_
14

147
94
53
1
34

185
98.
87
_

_

_

-

20
14
6
6

$
2 .0 0

1 .9 0

33
22
11
11

$
1 .9 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_
_

6
_
6
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
_
14
_
14

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

48
55
64
1203
42 --------55 ------ I T — 5TQ
T
_
6
41
693
_
_
_
670
41
23
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

17
15
2

_
_

-

-

"

-

-

.
_
_
_

35
35
_
_

55
55
_
_

255
25 5
_
_

442
375
67
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

2 .2 5
2 .2 1
2 .2 7
2 .3 6

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .0 5

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
-

55

-

38
_

34
_

»
8
_ ------ 5
_
_
_

2

34

-

-

66

123

—

—

W

_

24

— IT
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
_
_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

225
217
8

116
107
9

106
76
30

3
1
2

24
24

41
41

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

-

_

_

“

-

“

-

“

1
40

“

-

_

-

38
25
13
4

*

-

34

226

_

-

2

44
44

26

-

10
152
152

_

-

_

90
90

78
52
22

_
_
_

_
_
_

230
228

----- 35“

_
_

_

78
52

-

_
_

_

15
15

30
22
4

_
_
_
_

-

10
10

_

3
_
3

-

_

28
8
12

-

-

_

26

-

93
59
34
„
»

_

—

.

-

8
6
2
_

_

_

_

-

373
41
332
4
140

_

_

-

241
95
146
_

-

-

-

-

399
202
197
177
14

708
677
31
_

29

101
126
” 87 " — 45“
14
80
7
16
5
44
"
"

-

_
_

-

-

-

_

-

126

34

_
_
_
_

24
24
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

8
8
_
_
_

-

-

30

_
-

_

-

-

_
-

_
_
_

-

28

10
10

_

30
30

-

-

-

38
8
30

-

94

-

_

45 6
138
318
312

-

-

-

_

194
26
168
164

_
_

_

_

99
22
77
32

371
137
234

_

-

_
_

18
18
_

251
48
203
68

118
97
21
21
476
330
146
2
88

i.9 d

14
14
_
-

641
216
513
338
134' - r z r “ ------ u$~
70
507
87
268
44 5
_
_
_
412
30
87 .
193
82

_
_
_
_

E x c lu d es p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w ee k e n d s, h o lid a y s, and la te s h ift s .
Data lim ite d to m e n w o r k e r s ex ce p t w here oth e rw ise in d ic ated .
In clud es a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type of tru c k o p era ted .
* T r an sp ortation (exclu din g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
* * F in a n c e, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




-

$
1 .8 0

4

-

66
12

_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

.
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

_

_
-

_

_

_




13

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l: Shift Differential P ro v isio n s1
P e r c e n t of m an ufacturin g plant w o r k e r s —
(a)
In e sta b lish m e n ts having
fo r m a l p r o v isio n s fo r —

Shift d ifferen tial

S econd sh ift
wo rk

T o t a l ---------

------------------------------------------------

With shift pay d ifferen tia l

_________

U n iform cen ts (per hour) _

__ _________

__ __ _____________________

3 .4

9 3 .8

8 3 .5

2 0 .0

3 .4

2 4 .3

1 5 .8

1 .8

_

_

1 .0
.3
5 .9
4 .4

___

1 1 .7

7 .2

1 .6

.1

__ _____ ____________
__ __ __ _________ _
_____ __ _________ _
__ __ __ __ __ ____________

5 .5
. 6

-

1 .0
-

-

.7

-

-

.6

-

__ ______

_____
___
_____

_____

P aid lunch p e r io d , plus cen ts
d if f e r e n t ia l ___________ — ________

3 .6
1. 1
_
1 .4
6 .6

_

-

. 7
. 1
.3
.4
-

t
t

.1
.3

-

____________

5. 6

6 .0

.6

___________

2 .2

1 .8

.1

t

________________

2 .2

4 2 .6

.4

1 .2

______________________

2 .9

2 .0

.4

.3

4.4

5. 5

1 .6

.1

_____

— — ------------- ------------- _

No sh ift pay d if f e r e n t ia l ____________

-

-

.1

F u ll pay for reduced h o u r s, plus cen ts
d i f f e r e n t ia l ___________
________ _____

_____ __ __ __ _

2 0 .0

.4
. 6
1. 1
.3
3 .8
. 1
3. 6
.2
4 .9
.5
.2
.3

F u ll d a y ’ s pay fo r reduced h ours __ __ _____

O t h e r ______

8 3 .5

1 .8
5 .8
5 .0
1. 1
1 5 .9
.5
1 9 .5
.9
1 5 .9
2 .2
1 .0
.8

__ _________________

5 p e r c e n t ________________ __
6 p erc en t — _________ _____
7 V2 p e r c e n t _____________ __
8 p erc en t __ _________ _____
10 p e r c e n t __________
__

T h ird or other
sh ift

7 0 .4

_

4 cen ts _ _____________ _________
__ __ ____________
5 cen ts _ _________ __ __ __ __ __ _____ __ _________ _
6 cen ts _ _________ _____ _____ __ __
„ _________ _
7 o r 7 V2 cen ts _
_____ __ __ __ __ __ _______________
8 cents _ _____________ __ __ ____ _ _____________________
9 cen ts _ ________________
_____ ___ ___ __
____________
10 c e n t s ______________
_____ __ __ __ _________ ___
__ __ __ _____________
11 c e n t s ______ _____ __ __ ___
12 c e n t s ______
_______ __ __ __ __ _____ __ ___
_
13 , I 3V3 , o r 133 c e n t s ________ _ __ __ __ __
A
15 cen ts _________________ __ ___
__ __ __ ___________
O v e r 15 c e n t s ___ _____ _________ __ __ __ _________

U n ifo rm p ercen tage

Second sh ift

9 3 .8

__ ----------------------------

__ _____

T h ir d or other
sh ift w ork

(b)
A ctu a lly w orking on—

— ----------------------------

1
Shift d ifferen tia l data are p r e se n te d in te r m s o f (a) e sta b lish m e n t p o lic y , and (b) w o r k e r s actu ally em p loyed on late
sh ifts at the tim e o f the su rv e y . An e sta b lish m e n t w as c o n sid e r e d as having a p o lic y if it m e t eith er of the follow in g c o n d i­
tion s: ( l) O p erated late sh ifts at the tim e of the su r v e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v isio n s c o v er in g late s h ift s ,
t L e s s than 0 . 0 5 p erc en t.
O ccup ation al W age S u r v e y , L o s A n g e le s -L o n g B e a c h , C a lif. , M a r c h 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF LA B O R
B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics

14

Table B-2*.
N um ber o

Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office W orkers1
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith s p e c if ie d m in im u m h ir in g rate in—

M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m r a te
(w e e k ly s a la r y )

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

E s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ie d

.

................... _

304

N o n m a n u fa c tu r ing

M a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—

A ll
s c h e d u le s

111

40

XXX

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith s p e c if ie d m in im u m h ir in g r a te in—

A ll
s c h e d u le s

37 Vz

193

XXX

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

XXX

304

........

U n d er $ 3 2 . 5 0 ___________ . _________________________________________
$ 3 2 . 5 0 an d u n d er $ 3 5 . 0 0
.
$ 3 5 . 0 0 an d u n d e r $ 3 7 . 50
.. .
___
_
$ 3 7 . 5 0 an d u n d er $ 4 0 . 00
___
__
$ 4 0 . 0 0 an d u n d er $ 4 2 . 5 0 ______________________________________
$ 4 2 . 5 0 an d u n d er $ 4 5 . 0 0 ______________________________________
$ 4 5 . 0 0 an d u n d er $ 4 7 . 5 0
$ 4 7 . 5 0 an d u n d er $ 5 0 . 0 0
$ 5 0 . 0 0 an d u n d er $ 5 2 . 5 0
$ 5 2 . 5 0 an d u n d er $ 5 5 . 0 0
$ 5 5 . 0 0 an d u n d e r $ 5 7 . 5 0
$ 5 7 . 5 0 an d u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0
$ 6 0 . 0 0 an d u n d er $ 6 2 . 5 0 ____________________________________
$ 6 2 . 5 0 an d u n d er $ 6 5 . 0 0
$ 6 5 . 0 0 an d u n d er $ 6 7 . 5 0
......... .
$ 6 7 . 5 0 an d u n d er $ 7 0 . 0 0
_
■.
$ 7 0 . 0 0 an d u n d er $ 7 2 . 5 0 ______________________________________
$ 7 2 . 50 an d u n d er $ 7 5 . 0 0 ______________________________________
$ 7 5 . 0 0 an d o v e r ___________________________________________________

160

67

62

93

11

73

_
-

_
1
3
3
6
5
14
6
11
8
6
3
1

_
1
3
3
5
5
14
6
8
8
6
3
-

_

_

_

1
-

1
-

-

9

2
2
2
1
3
-

1
1
12
15
18
15
27
12
14
12
9
7

9
2
1
3

2

"

12
12
10
13
6
3
4

3
4

9
2
1
3
1

111

40

XXX

A ll
s c h e d u le s

193

37 Vz

XXX

40

XXX

F O R O T H E R IN E X P E R IE N C E D C L E R IC A L W O R K E R S

F O R IN E X P E R IE N C E D T Y P IS T S

E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c if ie d m in im u m

B a s e d on s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n uf a ctu r ing

5
9
9

8
9

4
3
4

2
4

"

9
2
1
3
1

169

69

62

10 0

13

77

1
4
20
19
22
15
23
10
16
9
10
6
5
1
2
5
1

_

3
13
6
12
8
5
1
1
1

_
1
3
6
8
3
13
6
8
8
5
1
-

1
3
17
13
13
12
10
4
4
1
5
5
5
1
2

1
1
3
1
4
2
1
-

2
12
10
8
8

1
3
6
9

-

9

2
4
1
4

5
5
1
2

4

-

4

________________

72

23

XXX

49

XXX

XXX

73

23

XXX

50

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l is h m e n t s w h ic h d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y ______________________________________________________

71

21

XXX

50

XXX

XXX

61

19

XXX

42

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c if ie d m in im u m

In fo r m a tio n n ot a v a ila b le

1
2

___________________________________________

1

1

1

L o w e s t s a la r y r a te f o r m a ll y e s t a b lis h e d f o r h ir in g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s f o r ty p in g o r o th e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t -t i m e s a l a r i e s .
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d fo r a ll w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , an d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n




w ork w eek s rep o rted .

O ccupational Wage S u rvey, L o s A n g e le s -L o n g B e a c h , C a lif., M a rch 1956
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF LA BO R
B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tistics

15

Table B-3: Scheduled Weekly Hours
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S 12 M P L O Y E D I N —
4
3
E
W e e k ly

h ou rs
All
2
industries

__________________________________________________________

100

h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

O ver

35

3 7V 2

h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

u n d er

3 l llz

h o u r s -------------------------------------------

t
.8

Finance **

M
otion
pictures 3

100

100

100

100

.

_

_

6

_

t
3

4

5

t

-

19

28

-

100

-

A ll
4
industries

M an u facturin g

P u b lic
utilities ♦

W holesale
trade

Services
(excluding
m pictures)
otion

M
otion
pictures 3

100

100

t

t

-

-

3

4

t
90

-

-

3

-

-

88

95

90

87

100

3
-

t

-

100

100

100

100

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

3

t

-

h o u r s -------------------------------------------

5

6

17

3

-

84

t
97

-

h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

100

90

60

57

100

------------------------------------------------

_

-

-

-

-

t
t

t
t

_
-

t

-

3

3

t

-

t

-

-

t
t
t

_

-

9

-

“

“

"

“

t

t

3

“

“

"

O v er
40

and

W h olesale
trade

100

t

A ll w o r k e r s
35

P u b lic
u tilities ♦

M anufacturing

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Services
(excluding
m pictures)
otion

O v er

37V 2
40

and

and

u n der

u n d er

44

40

h ou rs

44 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 4 and u n d er 4 8 h o u r s -------------------------------------h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 8 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------

48

”

t

-

t
t

-

3

1 Data rela te to w om en w o r k e rs only.
Includes data fo r re ta il trade (excep t departm ent s to r e s ) in addition to those industry d ivision s shown se p a ra te ly .
3 L im ited to esta b lish m en ts p r im a r ily engaged in the production o f m o tio n p ictu re s (Group 7811) and esta b lish m en ts p r im a r ily engaged in p e rfo rm in g s e r v ic e s independent of m o tio n -p ictu re
p ro d u ctio n but a llie d th ereto (G roup 7821) as defined in the Standard Industrial C la s s ifica tio n Manual (1949 edition) p re p a re d by the Bureau o f the Budget.
4 Includes data fo r r e ta il trade (ex cep t departm ent s to r e s ) and real estate in addition to those industry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly ,
t L e ss than 2 .5 p e rce n t.
* T ra n sp ortation (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other p ublic u tilitie s.
♦♦ F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and re a l esta te.

Table B-4: Paid Holidays1
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN Item

A ll w o r k e rs ------------------------------------------------------------W o rk e rs in esta b lish m en ts p rov id in g paid
holid a ys ----------------------------------------------------------------1 h olid a y ------------------------------------------------------------2 h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------5 h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------6 h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------F u ll days only ------------------------------------------ -—
P lus 1 h a lf d a y --------------------------------------------P lus 2 half d a y s -------------------------------------------7 h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------F u ll days o n l y ----------------------------------------------P lus 1 h alf d a y --------------------------------------------Plus 2 h alf d a y s -------------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------F u ll days o n l y ----------------------------------------------P lus 1 half d a y --------------------------------------------9 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------F u ll days o n l y ----------------------------------------------P lus 1 h alf d a y ------------ ------------------------------10 holid a ys --------------------------------------------------------F u ll days o n l y ----------------------------------------------P lus 1 h alf d a y --------------------------------------------11 h o lid a y s ---------------------------- ---------------------------F u ll days o n l y ----------------------------------------------P lu s 1 h alf d a y --------------------------------------------P lus 2 h alf d a y s -------------------------------------------W o rk e rs in esta b lish m en ts p rov id in g no paid
h olidays -----------------------------------------------------------------

All ,
industries *

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities *

W
holesale
trade

Finance **

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Services
(exclu g
din
m pictures)
otion

M
otion
pictures 3

All
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities *

W
holesale
trade

Services
(excluding
m pictures)
otion

, M
otion
1 pictures3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
t
53
49
t
t
25
20
5
t
15
14

100
t
76
70
4
3
20
19
t
4
4
-

100
3
3
14
14
82
82
-

100
43
41
t
37
34
t
20
20
-

100
23
23
t
39
21
18
13
6
7
7
7
6
6

100
53
52
t
t
16
16
17
17
14

94
t
t
t
59
53
t
4
24
24
t
t
9
9
-

99
t
t
73
64
3
6
21
20
t
3
3
-

97
46
46

100
100
100
-

-

-

4

-

30
29
t
21
21
-

67
5
t
49
49
9
9
-

12
-

100
100
100
-

“

“

3

t
t
t
t
t
t
t

-

-

-

t

-

-

-

“

”

“

"

3
t
t

t

12
7
t

t

-

-

-

-

95
11
11
22
22
62
62
-

“

6

t

5

t

t

t
t

t

t
-

-

-

-

33

“

-

1 E stim a tes r e la te to fu ll-d a y h olid a ys p rov id ed annually, as in e a r lie r stu dies.
T hese a r e furth er divided betw een w o r k e rs who r e c e iv e m e r e ly the indicated num ber o f fu ll-d a y h olidays,
and th ose w ho r e c e iv e 1 o r m o r e h a lf h olid a ys in addition.
2 Includes data fo r re ta il trad e (excep t departm ent s to r e s ) in addition to those industry d ivisio n s shown sep a ra te ly .
3 L im ited to esta b lish m en ts p r im a r ily engaged in the p rod u ction of m otion p ictu re s (Group 7811) and establishm ents p r im a r ily engaged in p e rfo rm in g s e r v ic e s independent of m o tio n -p ictu re
p ro d u ctio n but a llie d th ereto (Group 7821) as defined in the Standard Industrial C la s sifica tio n M anual (1949 edition) p re p a re d by the Bureau o f the Budget.
4 Includes data fo r re ta il trade (excep t departm ent s to r e s ) and rea l estate in addition to those industry d ivisio n s shown sep a ra te ly ,
t L e ss than 2 .5 p e rce n t.
Digitized*for ra n sp ortation (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), com m u n ica tion , and other p ublic u tilitie s .
T FRASER
O ccupation al W age S urvey, L os A n g e le s -L o n g B each, C alif. t M arch 1956
♦♦ F in a n ce, in s u ra
U .S . DE PA RTM EN T OF LABOR
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ n ce , and re a l esta te.
B ureau of L abor Statistics

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

16

Table B-5: Paid Vacations
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
V a c a tio n p o lic y

AH

M
anufacturing

100

100

100
91
9

100
84
16

-

A l l w o r k e r s _______________________________

OF

PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Finance **

M
otion
pictures 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100

100
100

4 100

100

100

86

-

-

79
21

86

14

99
82
17

100

100

-

"

■

"

t

“

58
5
33

55
5
36

t
t

i

100

100
93

-

industries*
1
2

PERCENT

Services
(excluding
m pictures)
otion

W
holesale
trade

Public
utilities*

All
industries 3
4

W
holesale
trade

Services
(excluding
m
otion pictures)

1M
otion
, pictures 2

100

100

100

9 7

5 90
87
t

100
10
90

-

3

10

-

71
16
13

64

_

-

33

23

100

_

_

4

_

“

M
anufacturing

t

~

17

33

Public
utilities *

M ETHOD OF P A YM E N T
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p aid v a c a tio n s ______________________________
L e n g t h - o f -t i m e p a y m e n t ______________
P e r c e n ta g e p a y m e n t ____________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p aid v a c a tio n s __________________________

7

14

9
7
~

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y
A f t e r 1 y e a r of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ______________________________________
O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ____________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s _____________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________
4 w e e k s and o v e r ________________________

19

9

t
77

t
83

t

91

b

35

t

22

-

-

65

99

74

100

_

_

_

-

-

t

-

t

t

t

_

'

59

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
3

3

t
93

1 w e e k ______________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _____________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _____________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________
4 w e e k s and o v e r ________________________

t
90

t
3

t

8
t
91

3

_
97

_

_

16

-

-

-

100

81

100

_

t

_

_

t

23
10
64

t
t

28
13
55

3
16
81

_

.

_

80

53

100

1

_

_

4

_

t

“

3

11

_

96

94

75

-

-

_
4

t

'

'

7
t

A

'

A fte r 3 y e a rs of se r v ic e
1 w e e k _____________________________________
O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s _________ _
2 w e e k s _____________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ____________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________
4 w e e k s and o v e r ________________________

t
t
93

-

-

-

s i

9 !

98

97

-

-

9

t

t

5

t

3

t
85
11

-

-

7

9

100

84

79

-

t
4

t

t

t

c

h

t

'

t

100

_
~

A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________
O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ____
2 w e e k s ___________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ___
3 w e e k s ___________________________
4 w e e k s and o v e r ............................

t

-

-

-

t

-

t

t

88

99

94

90

75

100

8i

87

3

t

t

11
10

-

3

3

t

ll

3
4
-

7

7

j

8

-

t

-

t

-

t

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b l e .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




t

90

■

-

c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

NOTE:

-

6

-

9!

94

80

10 0

t

3

t
-

_
_
4

_

_
-

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y , L o s A n g e l e s - L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , M a r c h 1 9 5 6
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s

In the t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s by y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n ts o th e r than "l e n g t h o f t i m e , "
su ch a s p e r c e n ta g e o f a n n u al e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w ere c o n v e r te d to an e q u iv a le n t t im e
b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u al e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k * s p a y .

17

Table B-5: Paid Vacations - Continued1
5
4
3
2
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
V acation p o lic y

A ll w o r k e rs

All .
industries

__

100

.

M
otion
pictures 2

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities *

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

75
10
15
-

71
_
25
-

100
_
-

75
6
14

73
8
15

t

t

64
3
30
_

100
_
_
_

t

t

6
77
_
3
_
4

36
3
58
_
3

49
_
46

33

26

20

t

t

t

-

100
-

t

76
_
-

.
_
100
_

t

-

6
70
_
10
_
4

23
_
58
_
19

49
46
-

_
100
_
-

6
70
_
10
_
4

_
_
100
_

t

t
t

26
_
68
_
3

19
54

49

_

31

_

•_

28

t

t

t

100

54

60
4
6

65
_
19

24
_
65
_
9

6
70
_
10
_
4

Finance **

100

100

78

97

.
77
3
20

100

I
Services
(excluding
m pictures)
otion

(excluding
' m pictures)
otion

All ,
industries

W
holesale
trade

M
anufacturing

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
M
otion
pictures 2

Public .
utilities *

AMOUNT O F VAC A TION P A Y - Continued
A fte r 10 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
Under 2 w eeks
_ _
_
........ . ..... _
_
_
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _
3 w eeks
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks
4 w eeks and o v e r

t

t

79
3
17
-

20
-

t

t
t

t

t

-

-

t

t

t

t

t

86
6
7
_
-

-

-

A fte r 15 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
Under 2 w eeks
.
.... _ ___ .... ...
_
2 w eeks
... _
_
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eeks
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks
__ ____ ___
4 w eeks and o v e r ______ __ __

t

25

t

70
3

78
6

78
_

t

t

-

31
_
69
-

10

27

t

15

21
t

t

t

59
t
t

t

65
4

t

28
_
69
_

-

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
Under 2 w eeks
..... ...
2 w eeks
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________________
3 w eeks
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks
.... ...
4 w eeks and o v e r

t

20
t

71
3
6

t

15
.
76
6
3

t

89
_
-

-

70
_
t

t

t

t

t

31

26

12

t

t

t

59

64
4
t

84
_
-

-

A fter 2 5 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
Under 2 w eeks
2 w eeks
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eeks . ... . ...
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s
4 w eeks and o v e r

t

19
t

.

.......... ..
.............. .

62
3
16

t

15
-

71
6
8

.
10
t

65
-

24

26
_

56
18

t

-

_

27

t

21

t

8

t

26

t

12

_
100
_
■

'

1
2
3
4
5

In c lu d e s d ata fo r r e t a i l t r a d e (e x c e p t d e p a r tm e n t s t o r e s ) in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
L i m i t e d to e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in the p r o d u c tio n o f m o t io n p i c t u r e s (G r o u p 7 8 1 1 ) an d e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r i m a r i ly e n g a g e d in p e r f o r m in g s e r v i c e s in d e p e n d en t o f m o t io n -p ic tu r e p r o ­
d u c tio n but a l l i e d t h e r e t o (G r o u p 7 8 2 1 ) a s d e fin e d in the S ta n d a rd In d u str ia l C la s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l (1 9 ± 9 e d it io n ) p r e p a r e d by the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t.
In c lu d e s d a ta fo r r e t a i l t r a d e (e x c e p t d e p a r tm e n t s t o r e s ) and r e a l e s t a t e in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
A p p r o x i m a t e ly 1 p e r c e n t w e r e in e s t a b lis h m e n t s that did not p r o v id e v a c a t io n s u n til a ft e r 2 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e .
A p p r o x i m a t e ly 4 p e r c e n t
w e r e in e s t a b lis h m e n t s that did n ot p r o v id e v a c a tio n s u n til a f t e r 2 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e ,
f L e s s than 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
* * F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .




18

Table B-6: Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Type of plan

A ll w o rk ers „

---------------------------- ----- ----- __ __

All !
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities *

W
holesale
trade

Finance-

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

(excluding
m
otion pictures)

M
otion
pictures 2

All 3
industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

95

96

99

96

95

88

77

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities *

W
holesale
trade

Services
(excluding
m
otion pictures)

M
otion
pictures 2

100

100

100

100

100

93

95

100

90

82

100

68

80

91
25
25

W orkers in esta b lish m en ts p rov id in g :
L ife in s u r a n c e _____ __ __ — __ __ _____ _
A ccid en ta l death and d ism em b erm en t
in s u r a n c e __________
_____
__ __ _____
S ickness and a ccid en t in su ra n ce
o r s ick lea ve o r b o th 4 __
---------- ------S ick n ess and a ccid en t insu ra n ce _
S ick leave (full pay and no
waiting p eriod )
______________________
S ick lea ve (p a rtia l pay o r
waiting p eriod ) ____ ____ __ __
H ospita liza tion i n s u r a n c e ___ __ ____ __
S urg ical in su ra n ce _ __ __ __ __ __ _____
M ed ica l in su ra n ce __ __ ____
______ __ _
C atastrophe insu ra n ce __ ____ __ ________
R etirem en t p e n s i o n ____ ___ ___________ __
No health, in su ra n ce, o r p en sion
p
.
-

64

84

25

47

49

53

65

33

43

51

77
40

83
57

95
20

69
32

68
28

45
11

100
26

66
40

70
51

85
23

75
44

18
7

63

66

82

55

58

35

100

35

36

67

27

14

-

t

3
83
83
61
9
59

t

88
88
52
21
82

75
75
69
3
58

36
36
28
24
100

8
89
89
79
22
48

4
96
96
84
30
44

9
49
49
46
10
96

17
86
86
72
4
46

4
78
78
70
34

100
100
100
8
100

t

5

6

3

16

3
84
84
68
34
64

94
94
85
54
50

10
40
40
39
13
99

t

t

t

3

t

t

1 Includes data fo r reta il trade (excep t departm ent s to r e s) in addition to those industry d ivisio n s shown s ep a ra tely.
L im ited to esta b lish m en ts p r im a r ily engaged in the p rod u ction o f m o tio n -p ictu r e s (G roup 7811) and establishm ents p rim a r ily engaged in p e rfo rm in g s e r v ic e s independent o f m o tio n -p ictu r e
production but a llied thereto (G roup 7821) as d efined in the Standard Industrial C la s sifica tio n Manual (1949 edition) p rep a red by the B ureau o f the B udget.
3 Includes data fo r reta il trade (excep t departm ent s to r e s ) and re a l estate in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sep a ra tely.
4 U nduplicated total o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s ick le a v e o r sick n e s s and a ccid en t insu ra n ce shown s ep a ra tely b elow ,
t L e s s than 2 .5 p e rce n t.
* T ra n sp ortation (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), com m u n ica tion , and other public u tilitie s.
^
.
. „r
_
T
.
,
T
D
i.
i•
r
w
-v. iora
* * Finance
in su ra n ce and rea l estate
Occupational Wage S u rv ey, L o s A n g e le s -L o n g B each , C a lif. , M a rch 1956
f in a n c e , in su ra n ce, and rea l esta te.
r
6
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A BO R
B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tistics




19

Appendix*. Job Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

Of f i ce
BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers1 purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers 1 ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
matically the debit or credit balances. Does not. involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.



BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment^ business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or ac­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

20

CLERK, FILE
Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating ma­
terial in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers1 orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.

CLERK, PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers1
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include tran­
scribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from Written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine. Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper, feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto masters. May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take messages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

21
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another, person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

P r of e ssion a 1

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during




Class B - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, etc.; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

a nd

Tech nica 1

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued
emergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

22

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishmento
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare,
safety of all personnel.

Mai nt enanc e

and

TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools.
May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

and

Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw­
ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter *s
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controller s , circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician^ handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, of assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding materials and tools and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

23
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinists handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment.
In general, the
machinists work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or Other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwright^ work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency.
In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

24

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment® Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe re­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumberJs snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

and

(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other metal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker fs handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die maker’s work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER
Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such
as those of starters and janitors are excluded.
GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.




TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Move ment

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination
of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

25

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
customers1 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
materials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers1 houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, dr receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or




Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under 1% tons)
medium ( l l/z to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type]
heavy (over 4 tons, other tha.n trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ U S. G V R M N P IN IN O F E : 1956 0—388752
.
O E N E T R T G F IC


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102