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Occupational Wage Survey

DALLAS, T E X A S
O C T O B E R

B L S

Bulletin

N o .

1 1 8 8 - 1

U N IT E D ST A T E S D E P A R T M E N T O F
Jam es



1 9 5 5

P. M i t c h e l l , S e c r e t a r y

LABOR

BUREAU
E w an

OF

LABOR

C la g u a ,

STATISTICS

C o m m is s io n a r




Occupational Wage Survey
D A L L A S ,




T E X A S

OCTOBER 1955

Bulletin No.
U N IT E D

STATES

DEPARTM ENT

Jam es

P.

OF

M it c h e l l,

BUREAU
Ew an

OF

1188-1
LABOR
S e cre ta ry

LABOR

C la g u a ,

STATISTICS

C o m m is s io n e r

D e c e m b e r 1955
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

-

PricQ 30 cents




Contents
Page
Introduction __________________________________ _____________________________________________________
W a g e trends for selected occupational g r o u p s _____________________________________________________

1
3

Tables:
1.
2.

Establishments and w o r k e r s within scope of s u r v e y _____________________________ _______
W a g e trends for selected occupational g r o u p s ______________________________ _____________

2
3

A:

Occupational earnings * A-l:
Office o ccupations_________________________________________________________________
A-2:
Professional and technical occupations____________________________________________
A - 3: M a i ntenance and powerplant occupations__________________________________
A-4:
Custodial and material m o v e m e n t occupations ____________________________________

5
8
9
10

Establishment practices and supplementary w a g e provisions * B - 1: Shift differential provisions________________________________________________________
B-2:
M i n i m u m entrance rates for w o m e n office w o r k e r s ______________________________
B - 3; Scheduled weekly hours ____________________________________________________________
B-4:
Paid holidays_______________________________________________________________________
B-5: Paid vacations _______ j__________________________________________________________ _
B-6;
Health, insurance, a nd pension p l a n s _____________________________________________

12
13
14
14
15
17

B:

Appendix:

Job descriptions________________________________________________________________________

19

* NOTE:
Similar tabulations for m o s t of these items are available in the Dallas area reports for
June 1951, A u g u s t 1952, S e p t e m b e r 1953, and S e p t e m b e r 1954.
T h e 1953 report also provides
tabulations of w a g e structure characteristics, l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t agr e e m e n t s , and overtime pay
provisions.
T h e 1954 report also included data on frequency of w a g e pay m e n t s , and p a y provi­
sions for holidays falling on nonworkdays.
A directory indicating date of study and the price of
the reports, as well as reports for other m a j o r areas, is available upo n request.
C u r r e n t reports on occupational earnings and supplementary w a g e practices in the Dallas area
are also available for m a c h i n e r y industries (October 1955), w o m e n s and m i s s e s 1 dresses (August
1955), p o w e r laundries and dry cleaners (May' 1955), and office building service ( M a y 1955).
U n i o n scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available for the following trades or indus­
tries: Building construction, printing, local transit operating employees, and m o t o r t r u c k drivers.



in




Occupational Wage Survey - Dallas, Tex*
I n t r o d u c t io n
The
in

w h ic h

d u cted
In

area,

a g en ts to
s io n s :

is

of

one

of

o f s e v e r a l im p o rta n t in d u s tr ia l c e n t e r s

L a b or’ s

o c c u p a tio n a l

d a ta

a re

r e p r e s e n ta tiv e

and oth er

c lu d e d
t io n s

fro m
and

h a v in g

real

th ese

th e

by

u tilitie s ;

e sta te;

s tu d ie s ,

th a n

a

w arra n t

p r o v id e d

b e s id e s

each

r e la te d

w it h in

of

W h erever

th e

broad

r e t a il

c o m m u n ic a ­

tra d e;

in d u s tr y

are

fin a n c e ,

grou ps

govern m en t

s a m p le

stru ctu re

th e

of

do

su rveys

a re

u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d
p r o m p t p u b lic a t io n
m um
is

cost,

a

In

g iv e n t h e ir
s tu d ie d
th e

are

s iz e

c o m b in in g

g r o u p in g

th e

w e ig h t .

p resen ted ,

op era ­

E s t a b lis h m e n t

are

o m itte d

sep a ra te

a ls o

ta b u la tio n s

le cte d

are

to

b a s is

d a ta ,

becau se

a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts , a n d t o

la r g e

and

p la n t

b u lle tin ,

as

r e la tin g

a rea , 2 except

fo r

w ork ers"

to

en su re

c lu d in g

The

e s t a b lis h m e n t s
th e

are

fo rce

e s t a b lis h m e n t s

a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s
b e lo w

c a t io n

is

accou n t

in

based
of

on

a

u n ifo r m

fo r

set

in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t

a p p e n d ix

fo r

p resen ted

(in

(a )

O ffic e

th e

n a n ce

and

lis t in g

stu d y a r e

A -s e r ie s

ta b le s )
(b )

and

of

th ese

com m on

in d u s t r ie s .
jo b

v a r ia tio n

of

c le r ic a l;

p o w e r p la n t ;

u fa c t u r in g

d e s c r ip tio n s
in

d u tie s

fo r

th e

and

d e s ig n e d

w it h in

th e

of

and

are

a r e g u la r

E a r n in g s
c lu d e d

but

W h ere

s c h e d u le
and

w e e k ly

r e fe r e n c e

h a lf-h o u r )

fo r
fo r

la te

h ou rs

is

w h ic h

in th e

p r e m iu m

ty p es

te c h n ic a l;

to

th e

fo r

are

o c c u p a tio n s

as

s a la r ie s
have

fo r

been

th e

r e la tiv e

o c c u p a tio n a l

e a r n in g s

d a ta .

W age P r o v is io n s

term

"o ffic e

c le r ic a l

p r o fe s s io n a l,

p r o fe s s io n a l,
C a fe te r ia

a s th ey

w o r k e r s ,”

e m p lo y e e s

and

as

used

an d te c h n ica l p e r s o n n e l.

te c h n ica l

w ho

are

w ork ers

and

fu n c t io n s .
as

a

"P la n t

and

are

(in ­

A d m in is ­
fo rc e -

sep a ra te

rou tem en

in
ad­

w ork ers

e m p lo y e e s ,

u t iliz e d

se ­

r e la te

e x c lu d e s

a n d a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y

and

e m p lo y e e s

ta b le s ) on

w ork

e x c lu d e d

in c lu d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s

in

in n o n m a n ­

in d u s t r ie s .
d iffe r e n tia l d a ta

T h is

in fo r m a t io n

of

w as

if

s h ift

am ount

at

o f (a ) e s t a b ­
e m p lo y m e n t,

on
th e

th e

in

t o m a n u fa c t u r in g

term s

o f t o t a l p la n t w o r k e r

in t e r m s

p resen ted

s p e c ifie d

lim it e d

b oth

b a s is

a p p lie d

t im e

to

a

of

of

th e

w ork ers
su rvey.

a c tu a lly

no

used

m a in te ­

m a jo r ity ,

th e

In

esta b ­

c la s s ific a t io n

used.

M in im u m
lis h m e n t s

h ir e d
w ork
are
are

c le r ic a l

to th e
th e

on

en tra n ce

v is ite d .

an

T hey

e m p lo y m e n t

v a c a tio n s ;

a n d h e a lth ,

t ic a lly

to

th e

on

w ork ers

on

if a

q u a lify

fo r

in ­

v id u a l

b a s is

ite m s

th e

(ta b le

th a t

on

S c h e d u le d

th e se

o f su ch

th e se

B -2 )

p resen ted

b a s is .

p r a c t ic e s
in

ra tes

are

in s u r a n c e ,

m a jo r ity

ex­

r e la te
an

th e

esta b ­

e s ta b lis h m e n t,

ra th er

h ou rs;

o n ly
p a id

a n d p e n s io n p la n s
are

a p p lic a b le

w ork ers

lis t e d .4

are

B ecau se

ta b u la tio n s

do

to

h o lid a y s ;

are
a ll

to

tre a te d
p la n t

e lig ib le

or

m ay

o f r o u n d in g ,

not

or

o ffic e

e v e n tu a lly

su m s

n e c e s s a r ily

p a id

s t a t is ­

of

equal

in d i­

to t a ls .

o c­

n earest

average
to

B - 1) a r e

p resen ted

occu p a ­

(c)

p r a c tic e ,

th e

(ta b le
is

or,

"oth er"

fo r

o ffic e

rou n d ed

th e B - s e r ie s

v a r ie d d i f f e r e n t i a ls , th e a m o u n t a p p ly in g to a m a jo r it y

w as

e a r n in g s

p a id ;

The

o ffic e

(in

s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fits

h a v in g

jo b

bon u ses

(ro u n d e d

are

of

in

on

are

th ose

and

a n d in c e n tiv e

s c h e d u le s

accu racy

a ls o

and

in d u s t r ie s , bu t a r e

(b ) e f fe c t iv e

d a ta

o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
o v e r t im e

rep orted ,

w ork

i.e .,

N o n p r o d u c t io n

bon u ses

s tr a ig h t-tim e

th ese

w ork ers,

g iv e n

pay

s h ifts .

c o s t -o f-liv in g

c u p a tio n s ,
e a r n in g s

fu ll-t im e

in d ic a te th e

e s ­

fro m

lis h m e n t s

to ta k e

(d ) c u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t .

fo r

e x c lu d e

h o lid a y s ,

a ls o ,

c lu d e d .

w e e k ly

d a ta

w eekends,

sh ow n

am ong

e m p lo y e d

sam e

E a r n in g s

fo llo w in g

p r o fe s s io n a l

to a v a r ie ty

O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i ­

d e s c r ip tio n s ).

a ll

th e m in im u m

th a n
D a ta

a ll

lis h m e n t p o lic y , 3 p r e s e n t e d

s e le c te d

o n ly to

a n d t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f ic e

e x c lu d e d .

in d u s t r ie s .

a n d n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

tio n s :

ly

are

m a n u fa c t u r in g

E a r n in g s

o c c u p a tio n s

m a n u fa c t u r in g

w ork

le a d m e n

S h ift
and

t o t a l in

stru ctu re

d iffe r e n c e s

a n d S u p p le m e n ta r y

e x e c u tiv e ,

e x e c u tiv e ,

th o se

th e

in c lu d e w o r k in g fo r e m e n

c o n s tr u c tio n

on

serve

T h ese

a ffe c t

w ork ers.

accou n t

based

s tu d ie d

p resen ted

in c lu d e s

t r a t iv e ,

a ll

a ccu ra cy

o f th e

is

at m in i­

h ow ever,

E s tim a te s

P r a c tic e s

o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s

th a n

in o c c u p a t io n a l

s tu d ie d .

e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s

o ffic e

th is

o b ta in a p p r o p r ia t e
of

th e r e fo r e ,
and

s a m p le

th e

o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d

m a te r ia lly

In fo r m a tio n

s tu d ie d

s tu d ie d .

O c c u p a t io n s

(s e e

T o

a

jo b s

represen t

s tu d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c tu a lly

ex­

d iv is io n s .

on

s u r v e y in g

p r o p o r t io n

a p p ro p r ia te

in d u s tr y

in

o f r e s u lts .

g rea ter

s tu d ie d .

con d u cted

th e

not

o f th e

o f d iffe r e n c e s

e s t im a t e s

o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s

m in is t r a t iv e ,
T h ese

scope

E s t a b lis h m e n t s

w ork ers

p o s s ib le ,

B ecau se

t a b lis h m e n ts ,
im p o r ta n c e

in d u s t r ie s .

in d u s tr y

su rveyed.

fie ld

th e

M a jo r

of

b e n e fits .

B u rea u

e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s

e s t a b lis h m e n t s w it h in th e

s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv i­

r a ilr o a d s ,

num ber

w age
of

O c c u p a t io n a l

con ­

r a ilr o a d s ),

tra d e;

e x t r a c t iv e

S ta tis tic s

in s u f fic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s

in c lu s io n . *
1

fo r

and

L abor
v is its

(e x c lu d in g

s e r v ic e s .

p r e s c r ib e d

th e y fu r n is h

and

w h o le s a le

and

of

p erson al

e s t a b lis h m e n t s

c o n s tr u c tio n

fe w e r

becau se

p u b lic

and

B u rea u

e a r n in g s

o b ta in e d

M a n u fa c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n

in s u r a n c e ,

to

area

D ep a rtm en t

su rveys

each

t io n ,

D a lla s

th e

The

w eek­

m en ts,
at

n earest

su m m ary

e x c lu d in g

th e

d is c re tio n

o f v a c a tio n

in fo r m a l p la n s
of

th e

p la n s

is

lim it e d

w h e r e b y t im e

e m p lo y e r .

S e p a ra te

o ff

to fo r m a l a r r a n g e ­
w it h

pay

e s t im a t e s

is

are

g ra n ted
p r o v id e d

h a lf-d o lla r .
3
*
A tla n ta ,
W oy ty ch ,
1

T h is

rep ort

G a. ,

by

w as

B ern a rd

prepared
J.

in

F ah res,

th e

B u rea u ’ s

under

th e

r e g io n a l

d ir e c tio n

of

ta b le

1 fo r

m in im u m -s iz e

e ith e r

of

L o u is

B .

o f th e

su rvey,




4

e s ta b lis h m e n t c o v e r e d .

2 T h e t a b u la t io n o f m in im u m
en tra n ce ra tes
w o r k e r s r e l a t e s o n ly t o p r o v i s i o n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s

e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s

in

R e g io n a l W a g e a n d In d u s tr ia l R e la tio n s A n a ly s t .
See

An

o ffic e

fo r
w om en
s tu d ie d .

ta b le
o ffic e

th e fo llo w in g
or

S c h e d u le d

B -3 )

are

(l)

as

w e e k ly

p resen ted

h ou rs
in

fo r

term s
w it h th e

h a v in g

O p era ted

(2 ) h a d f o r m a l p r o v is io n s

w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o f f i c e s
w ork ers.

1

c o n s id e r e d

c o n d it io n s :

o ffic e

of

th e

a

la te

c o v e r in g

p o lic y

s h ifts
la te

w ork ers
p r o p o r tio n

it m e t
t im e

s h ifts .

(fir s t
of

if

at th e

s e c t io n

w om en

in d ic a te d w e e k ly h o u r s

of

o ffic e

fo r w o m e n

2

a c c o r d in g
as

tim e

to

e m p lo y e r

p a y m en ts,

H ow ever,

in

p r a c t ic e

percen t

of

th e ta b u la tio n s

p a y m en ts not

on

a tim e

of 2 p ercen t of
1 w eek’ s pay.

c o m p u tin g

w ere

e a r n in g s

v a c a tio n

e a r n in g s ,

o f v a c a tio n

b a s is

annual

in

annual

or

a llo w a n c e s

con v erted ;

w as

by yea rs

fo r

c o n s id e r e d

p a y m en ts,

fla t-s u m
of

e x a m p le ,
as

th e

su ch

a m ou n ts.
s e r v ic e ,

a paym ent

e q u iv a le n t

of

w it h
of

b e n e fits

p a id

pay

or

a

becau se
(1 )

D a ta

of

p la n s

are

p resen ted

in s u r a n c e
d ir e c tly
set
life

S u ch p la n s

com pan y

b y th e

a

and

of

h e a lth ,

th e

cost

i n s u r a n c e ',

is

born e

u n d e r w r it t e n

p r o v id e d

th rou g h

ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g

pu rpose.

by

and

th e

p e n s io n

e m p lo y e r ,

D ea th

b e n e fits

are

a

by a

c o m m e r c ia l

u n io n

fu n d s

fu n d

or

in c lu d e d

or

p a id

su ran ce
to th e

u n d e r w h ic h

in s u r e d

d is a b ilit y .
e m p lo y e r
have

a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e
p r e d e t e r m in e d

a w e e k ly

I n fo r m a tio n

is

c o n t r ib u te s .

en a cted

p lo y e r

on

or

t r ib u te s

m ore

is

T a b le 1:

cash

m o n th ly

p resen ted

a

fu n d

fro m
as

a fo rm

fo r

a ll

in s u r a n c e

le g a lly

r e q u ir e d ,

_

and
la w s

o n ly
or

(2 )

if

p la n s
N ew

...........

p a r tia l

pay

or

o f th e

p r o p o r t io n s

of

C a ta stro p h e
e m p lo y e e s
n orm al

and
a

th e

d u r in g

no

are

la w .

w ho

p r o v id e

absen ce
p e r io d ,

p e r io d .

w ork ers

T a b u la t io n s

w h ic h

p r o v id e d

w a it in g

w a it in g

of

In

are

fro m

fu ll

w ork

a c c o r d in g
and

to

(2 ) p la n s

a d d itio n

p r o v id e d

le a v e ,
an
u n d u p lic a t e d
o r b oth ty p e s o f b e n e fit.

th e

M in im u m
s iz e
e s t a b lis h ­
m ent
in s c o p e o f
stu d y 2
... ..

M a n u f a c t u r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 _____
W h o l e s a le t r a d e _________________________________________
R e ta il tr a d e _
_ _ ...
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te
S e r v ic e s 7 _
. _

s ick n e s s

S u ch

c o m p a n ie s

in s u r e d .

w h ic h

of

p la n s

or

T a b u la tio n s

p la n s

r e fe r r e d

w h ic h

are

a n d in ju r y in v o lv in g
m e d ic a l,

r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r

fe e s .

p la n s th a t p r o v id e
life .

to

th e

s ic k n e s s
tota l

is

m ay be

n o n p r o fit

and

expen ses

c o m p le te

o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n

m o n th ly p a y m e n t s

fo r

or
by

or

p la n s

th e

as

ex ten d ed
to p r o te c t

beyond

s u r g ic a l p la n s .

u n d e r w r itte n

o r g a n iz a t io n s

to

d e s ig n e d

p a r tia l p a y m e n t
c o m m e r c ia l

th ey
are

m ay

lim ite d

r e m a in d e r

th e

M ed­

of

in ­

be

s e lf-

to

th ose

th e w o r k e r ’ s

w h ic h

r e q u ir e
th e

su ran ce

s o m e t im e s

o f h o s p it a liz a t io n ,

d ir e ctly

e m p lo y e r

p r o v id e s

in ­

in s u r a n c e

d octors’

in s u r a n c e ,

in c lu d e s th o s e

in c a s e

coverage

(l)

em ­
con ­

e m p lo y e e

5
do

not

T h e t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in
r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s .

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d i e d in D a l l a s ,

_

pay

e ith e r

pay

ta b u la tio n s

fu ll

a c c id e n t

or
to

of

J ersey,

w h ic h

th e

ty p e

m ade

illn e s s

su ch

Y ork

in c lu d e d

are

d u r in g

d is a b ilit y
are

to th a t

p a y m en ts

b a s is

In d u stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

lim it e d

N ew

tem p ora ry
th a n

is

H ow ever,

c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 5* p l a n s

S e p a ra te

of

to fo r m a l p la n s

w ork er’ s

p r o v id e

m e d ica l in s u r a n c e ,

ic a l
and

th e

r e q u ir e m e n ts

lim it e d

a n d a c c id e n t
in s u r a n c e o r p a id
s ic k
sh o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e iv e e ith e r

of
S ic k n e s s

th e

su ch a s w o rk m e n ’ s c o m p e n s a tio n an d

in c lu d e t h o s e

th o se

e m p lo y e r

a s id e fo r th is
in s u r a n c e .

part

a ll

o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s

s e c u r it y .

le a s t

fo r

e x c e p tin g
s o c ia l

at

of

illn e s s .

w h ic h

p r o v id in g

w h ic h

exceed

p la n s a r e

p r o p o r tio n

p r e s e n ta tio n
p la n s fo r

w h ic h

s ic k -le a v e

and

R hode

I s la n d

T e x . , 1 b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , O c t o b e r 195 5
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W ith in
scope of
s tu d y

C a lifo r n ia

S tu d ie d

W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y
S t u d ie d
T ota l 3

O ffic e

P la n t

T ota l 3

51

656

174

1 5 0 ,4 0 0

3 1 ,4 0 0

8 9 ,6 0 0

8 7 ,9 1 0

51
51

225
431

55
119

6 6 ,4 0 0
8 4 ,0 0 0

7, 100
2 4 ,3 0 0

4 5 ,9 0 0
4 3 , 700

4 0 , 620
4 7 ,2 9 0

51
51
51
51
51

51
98
123
94
65

25
18
33
27
16

2 0 ,3 0 0
1 1 ,0 0 0
2 8 ,2 0 0
1 5 ,3 0 0
9 ,2 0 0

5, 200
(5 )
3, 30 0
1 0 ,6 0 0

10, 7 0 0
(5)
21, 700
6
900

(5 )

(5 )

1 6 ,7 8 0
2, 380
1 7 ,3 9 0
7 , 810
2 ,9 3 0

1 T h e D a l l a s M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a ( D a l l a s C o u n t y ). T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f
s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h i s t a b l e
p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f
th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e
n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y ­
m e n t i n d e x e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p l a n r i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f t h e
p a y p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e t h e m in im u m s i z e l i m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t l e t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e ,
f in a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
3 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , t e c h n i c a l , p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
4 A ls o e x c lu d e s t a x ic a b s , a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n .
5 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e S e r i e s A
an d B t a b le s , a lth o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s in s u f fic ie n t to
ju s tify s e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta .
6 E s tim a te r e la t e s to r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b lis h m e n t s o n ly .
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; r a d io b r o a d c a s t in g a n d t e le v is i o n ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; a n d
e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




3

W age

T a b u la te d b e lo w
ca l w ork ers,

and

are

in d e x e s

of average

o f s a la r ie s

e a r n in g s

T ren d s

of w om en

o f s e le c te d

fo r

o ffic e

p la n t w o r k e r

S e le c te d

O c c u p a t io n a l

c le r i­

grou ps.

The
s a la r y

and

c e iv e d
F or
w e e k ly
s c h e d u le

fo r

grou p s,

th e

e x c lu d in g
days,
key

o ffic e

s a la r ie s

n orm al

w h ic h
in d e x e s

la te

m easu re

each

in d e x ;

10

in

p la n t

pay

and

grou p .
w ork er

or

e m p lo y m e n t

o c c u p a tio n s
p a tio n a l
g iv e n

year

and

th e

fo r

th e

to

th e

th e n

th e

g iv e n

s t r a ig h t-tim e

and fo r

w ork

jo b s

and

See

jo b .

or

th e

a g g reg a te

fo r

of

th e

b y th e b a s e

im p o r ta n t

jo b s

in d e x e s
p lo y e d
th e

are

m ovem ent

oth er

area

by

th e

an

base
year

e a r n in g s

average

average

e a r n in g s

a g g reg a te

th ese

grou p

a

by

a

to

w o u ld

A

fo rc e

a

a

and

(3 )

out

m ig h t
occu ­
in

th e

e ffe c t.

The
em ­

F or

of

r e ­

la b o r

w ork ers

of

le v e ls .
in

pay

s p e c ific

o p p o s ite

ch an ge

gen eral

in

r e d u c t io n

p r o p o r t io n
pay

no

(1 )

e x p a n s io n

in

th e

e s t a b lis h m e n t

e v e n th ou g h

jo b ;

w h ereas

in th e

of

in c re a s e s

sam e

have

d iffe r e n t

h ig h -p a y in g

e ffe c ts

w ork ers

in d e x ,

s h ifts

w it h

drop,

th e

p a id

th e

p a id w o r k e r s

an

ra tes

e x a m p le ,
area

c o u ld

occu rred

of
fo r

fo r

1953

year

(1 9 5 3 )
(1 0 0 ) to

and

in d iv id u a l
each

a g g reg a tes

in d e x

w ere

s a la r ie s

w as
get

occu ­
fo r

The u se
of

ch an ges

c lu d e d

in

are

th e

based

on

o f c o n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h t s
p r o p o r tio n

in d e x .

w ork

N or

s c h e d u le s
pay

fo r

of

are

or

in

w ork ers
th e

in d e x e s

p r e m iu m

s t r a ig h t-tim e

e lim in a t e s

rep resen ted

in

in flu e n c e d

pay fo r

th e e ffe c t s

each
by

jo b

in ­

changes

o v e r tim e ,

s in c e

h ou rs.

in d e x

In d exes
la b o r

m a rk ets,
17

fo r

th e

p e r io d

app eared

L abor

in

M a rk ets,

1952
BLS

to

1955 fo r

B u ll.

w ork ers

in

W ages

and

1172,

17

m a jo r

R e la te d

1 9 5 4 -5 5 .

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l 1 a n d a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d p la n t o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s 2
in D a l l a s , T e x . , S e p t e m b e r 195 4 a n d O c t o b e r 195 5 a n d p e r c e n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n )
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n )
U n s k i l l e d p la n t ( m e n )
M a n u f a c t u r in g :
O ff ic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n )
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n )
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n )

_

O ctob er
195 5

_ ______
_ _
..
_

_
_
.

S ep tem b er
1954

P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s fr o m —
S e p t e m b e r 1954
to
O c t o b e r 195 5

S e p t e m b e r 1953
to
S e p t e m b e r 1954

A u g u s t 1952
to
S e p t e m b e r 1953

J u n e 1951
to
A u g u s t 1952

J u n e 1951
to
O c t o b e r 1955

_

115. 3
1 1 5 .0
112. 1

1 1 0 .9
1 0 9 .9
107. 1

4. 0
4 .6
4. 7

5. 0
3. 8
3 .3

5. 6
5 .9
3 .6

6. 1
10 . 0
7 .7

2 2 .4
26. 5
20. 8

... .
.... _
_ .......

1 1 2 .7
1 1 4 .6
1 1 5 .0

1 0 8 .4
1 1 0 .7
113. 8

3 .9
3 .5
1. 1

5. 0
3. 5
4. 0

3. 3
7 .0
9 .5

8 .7
5 .9
6. 5

2 2 .5
2 1 .3
2 2 .5

B a s e d o n d a t a f o r th e f o l l o w i n g j o b s :
O ff ic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ):
B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b il l in g m a c h i n e )
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A an d B
C om p tom eter o p era tors
C le r k s , file , c la s s A and B
C le r k s , o r d e r
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
K e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s
O ffic e g ir ls
S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten og ra p h ers, g en eral
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t i o n i s t s
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s , g e n e ra l
T y p is t s , c la s s A and B

in

th ey

a

com p u ted
th e

in
th e

sta n d a rd

B e n e fits ,

I n d u s tr y a n d o c c u p a tio n a l g rou p

in

e s t a b lis h m e n t s .

In d ex es
(A u g u s t 1952 = 100 )




in

in

th e
oth er

r e d u c t io n .

lo w e r

drop

a ffe c te d

of

in d e x

w h ile

or

2.

h o u r ly
The

in

a ls o

m e r it

or

of

e s t a b lis h m e n t s

in c lu d e d

ta b le

e x p a n s io n

lo w e r

p r in c ip a lly

(2 )

w ork ers

p r o p o r t io n

of

by

w ere

to

fo rce
r e s u lt

p r o p o r t io n

th e

yea r.

T a b l e 2:

and

cau se

w e ig h te d

o b ta in

h o li­

s e le cte d

th e

c le r ic a l

average

m u ltip lie d
to

fo r

or

in c re a s e

o ffic e

o c c u p a tio n s .

r a t io

d a ta

tu rn ov er
p a tio n

m easu re

ch an ges;

in d iv id u a l

u n s k ille d jo b s

3

in

e a r n in g s ,

in d e x e s
w age

by

th e

fo o tn o te s

T h ese

added

in c lu d e d

w ork

w eekends,

n u m e r ic a lly

of

w ere

average

p la n t w o r k e r

h o u r ly

on

on

to

sta n d a rd

F or

th e

jo b s

th en

r e s u lt m u ltip lie d

p a id .

m ost

s e le c te d

F in a lly ,

in

are

based

s a la r ie s

th e

w ere

in

w ere

grou p.

of

s a la r ie s

r e la te
th e

is ,

are

in d e x e s .

e a r n in g s

h o u r ly

each

in d e x e s
th a t

in d e x e s

in c lu d e

w e e k ly

fo r

th e

w ork ,

o v e r t im e

The

s k ille d m a in te n a n c e

A v era ge

of

changes

E ig h te e n

com p u ted
1954

fo r

s h ifts .

o c c u p a tio n s

w it h in

w ork ers,
h ou rs

s t r a ig h t-t im e

p r e m iu m

and

th e

c le r ic a l

fo r

G rou p s

2

B a s e d o n d a ta f o r th e fo llo w in g jo b s :
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ):
C a rp en ters
E le c t r ic ia n s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s , a u t o m o t iv e
M e c h a n ic s
M illw r ig h t s
P a in t e r s
P ip e fit t e r s
S h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r s
T o o l an d d ie m a k e r s
U n s k i ll e d p la n t ( m e n ) :
J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c le a n e r s
L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g
W a tch m en




5

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-1: Office O ccupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in D a lla s , T e x . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , O c t o b e r 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Avxbagi
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekly
Weekly
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

$
3 0 .0 0
3 5 . 00

$
50. 00

$
5 5 .0 0

$
60 . 00

$
65 . 00

$
70. 00

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
$
9 0 . 00 9 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

■
5 5 . 00

~
6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

80. 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

_
-

23
1
22
4
7
9

32
14
18
2
1
15

50
8
42
12
8
19

23
7
16
8
1
3

71
15
56
13
11
8

61
16
45
23
5

82
26
56
29
3
19

68
21
47
14
10
1

62
19
43
8
-

48
11
37
5
_

18
6
12
-

15
15
-

21
20
1
-

-

11
11
6
5

-

-

-

-

-

30
4
26
9
17

34
17
17
5
7

39
5
34
13
1

53
19
34
13
5

63
35
28
15
5

54
35
19
2
8

3
3
-

9
9

6
6

3
3

_

_
.

-

11
4*
7
-

_
_

-

-

-

-

33
5
28

3
3

4
4

_
-

24
24

_
-

_
-

3
2
1

l
l
-

1
1

.
-

_
.
-

_
-

-

$
35. 00

$
4 0 . 00

$
4 5 .0 0

“
4 0 .0 0

o
o

Number
of

$
$
$
$
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00
and
105.00 110.00 115.00
over

100 .00

M en
589
179
410
124
45
84

40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5
4 0 .0

$
8 5 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

312
140
172
58
48

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 8 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
6 4 .0 0
6 0 .5 0

227
53
174

4 0 .5
3 9 .5
4 1 .0

81
36
45

.
-

_
-

-

-

4
4
4
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

6
6
1
5

7 2 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

_
-

_
-

1
1

2
2

12
10
2

41
8
33

56
1
55

11
3
8

9
9
-

21
11
10

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 7 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

-

1
1
-

1
1

3
3

10
3
7

5
1
4

9
3
6

18
11
7

17
7
10

10
4
6

238
44
194
123

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

4 2 .5 0
4 3 .5 0
4 2 .5 0
4 2 .5 0

19
8
11
-

77
9
68
51

65
5
60
36

43
13
30
24

16
3
13
12

3
3
-

2
2

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

13
1
12
-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

220
76
144
44
85

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 0 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
6 6 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
6 4 .5 0

_

_
_

_
.
_

37
10
27
13
12

33
4
29
12
16

27
14
13
8
5

27
18
9
4
1

16
6
10
2
7

_
.
_

_
.

_
.
_

-

9
2
7
_
7

.
.
_

-

12
_
12
3
8

7
7
.

-

29
.
29
2
24

18
15
3
_

-

5
.
5
_
5

-

-

-

-

205
60
145

4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

5 3 .5 0
5 7 .5 0
5 1 .5 0

_
-

_
.

41
18
23

19
7
12

2
.
2

_
.

_
.

.
.

.
.

.

_
_

-

8
_
8

_

-

38
25
13

_
_

-

49
3
46

.
.

-

48
7
41

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

136
29
107
57

4 1 .0
4 0 .0
41. 5
40. 5

5 2 .0 0
5 5 .0 0
5 1 .0 0
4 8 .0 0

1
1
1

3

9
1
8
6

47
1
46
31

24
13
11
8

26
8
18
-

20
5
15
8

5
_
5
-

_
.
_

1
1
-

_
-

_
.

_

_
_

.

.

-

_
-

.
_

.
.

.
.
.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A
.
_ _
-B O
M a n u fa c t u r in g ....
_
------ . . .
26
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
.
. . _
.... .
124
F in a n ce * *
...... .
_
32

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 2 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
5 9 .5 0

_
-

35
2
33
8

19
.
19
7

18
9
9
2

33
8
25
7

15
3
12
2

19
3
16
2

.
.
.

.

_
_

_
.
.

_
.
.

.
_

■_
.

.
.
.

-

6
_
6
4

1
1
_

-

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B .
M a n u fa c tu r in g
----__ _ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
R e t a il t r a d e .
—
.
F in a n c e * *

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 1 .5 0
5 6 .5 0
5 0 .5 0
4 9 .5 0
4 9 .5 0

.

7

33
15
18
4
12

22
13
9

8
4
4

_

.

.

_

.

_

_

_

.

.

.

7
5
2

45
5
40
8
14

_

-

131
40
91
11
63

.

-

153
10
143
13
127

.

-

42
2
40
5
35

_

.

.

_
_

.
_

.
_

_
_

.
_

.
_

.
_

.

'

'

'

‘

'

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s A
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b li c u t ilit ie s ♦
R e t a il t r a d e .
.
.
F in a n c e ♦♦ _

___

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s B
M a n u fa c t u r in g .
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b li c u t ilit ie s ♦ .
F in a n c e ♦♦
__
C le r k s , o r d e r .
.
.
M a n u fa c t u r in g —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

. . .

.

C le r k s , p a y r o ll .
—
M a n u fa c tu r in g _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
O ff ic e h o y s
M a n u fa c tu r in g . .
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
F in a n c e *♦

.

__
.

.

.

.

.

_

.

.

.

____

—

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
M a n u fa c tu r in g _
. . .
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b li c u t ilit ie s ♦
. . .
F in a n c e ♦♦

.

.
.

. .
. .
_. .

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
•

.

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

4
4

6
------ g—
-

-

2
2
-

W om en
B i l l e r 8 , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) .
. . .
M a n u fa c t u r in g
__ __ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
__
. . _. _
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ).
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
R e ta il tra d e

— — — ..

_

_ .

_

441
89
352
46
258

.

-

3
3
_
-

_

_

5
"

S ee f o o tn o te at en d o f t a b l e .
O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , D a lla s , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1955
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
♦ ♦ F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta t is tic s




.

6
Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in D a lla s , T e x . , b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , O c t o b e r 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
Number
of
workers

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

$
Weekly 30. 00
Weekly
earnings
hours
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
3 5 .0 0

$
3 5 . 00

$
4 0 . 00

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 . 00

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$
$
8 0 . 00 8 5 .0 0

-

-

4 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

70. 00

7 5 .0 0

80. 00

85 . 00

9 0 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
9 0 . 00 9 5 . 00 100. 00 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0
and
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 . 1 0 5 .0 0 110. 00 1 15. 00 ov e r

18
5
13

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d
C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s A _________
M a n u f a c t u r in g _______________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __________________
R e t a il t r a d e ______________________
F in a n ce * * ________________ ________

550
102
448
77
140

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

$
6 4 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
5 7 .0 0
5 1 .5 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c la s s B _____
M a n u f a c t u r in g ----------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ___ ___________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s * ____________
R e t a il t r a d e __________________
F in a n ce * * ____________________

915
240
675
254
76
166

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

5 4 .0 0
5 6 .* 0
5 2 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
4 4 .0 0
4 7 .5 0

C l e r k s , f i l e , c la s s A _____________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________
F in a n ce * * ____________________

387
334
304

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

4 9 .5 0
4 8 .0 0
4 7 .0 0

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ______________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * -------------------R e t a il t r a d e __________________
F in a n ce * * ____________________

1,016
47
969
86
81
685

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

4 0 .5 0
5 1 .5 0
4 0 .0 0
4 5 .0 0
3 6 .5 0
3 8 .5 0

270
77
193
74

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39 . 5
4 0 .0

5 4 .0 0
6 0 .5 0
5 1 .0 0
4 1 .0 0

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ______________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g _____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __________ _______________________ _____
R e t a il t r a d e ____________________________________________
F in a n ce * * ______________________________________________

523
163
360
80
56

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 8 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
5 9 .0 0
5 6 .5 0
58 . 50

_
_
_
-

C om p tom eter o p e r a to r s
M a n u f a c t u r in g __ ____
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _
_
R e t a il t r a d e ______
F in a n ce * * ________

587
112
475
221
67

40. 0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

5 6 .5 0
6 3 .0 0
5 5 .0 0
5 3 .5 0
5 3 .0 0

_
_
-

37

4 0 .0

5 4 .5 0

C l e r k s , o r d e r ___________ ______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g _____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________________________

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s (m im e o g r a p h o r
d i t t o ) --------------------------------------------------------------------------

5

73

84

5
5

73
14
57

84
17
39

81
5
76
32
27

65
18
47
3
10

40
8
32
2
2

24
3
21
5
-

106
45
61
3
-

47
11
36
1
-

36
6
30
1
7
14

141
4
137
11
21
70

102
12
90
6
14
35

164
56
108
42
5
19

181
68
113
47
10
14

116
31
85
72
1
8

117
33
84
73
3
1

33
25
8
2

5

2
2

-

25
25
25

122
119
115

91
89
81

69
57
54

13
11
9

36
25
19

24
4
1

-

119

427

-

-

24
8
16
5

6
2
4

27
92

46
18
28
15
1
1

3
3

427
12
44
356

96
9
87
11
7
51

2

119

293
7
286
41
2
185

_
-

-

-

-

"

9

18

30

_

-

18
18

30
30

27
19
8

7

9
9

33
18
15

20

_

72
11
61
4

20

_

32
13
19
13

13

20

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

33
3
30
7
9

80
37
43
13
2

109
35
74
23
13

91
26
65
4
6

56
22
34
15
9

71
15
56
13
5

34
15
19
1
6

31
5
26
3
4

136
20
116
59
19

119
15
104
55
14

87
26
61
31
10

90
29
61
12

13
11
2
2

6
4
2

-

-

5

19

2

2

1

_
_
15

15

_
15

_

-

_
_
_
-

_
1

-

3

28

-

3
3

28
14

-

-

102
4
98
45
24

2

3

3

490
106
384
108
228

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 2 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
5 0 .0 0
5 6 .5 0
4 5 .5 0

25

_

-

25

O ffic e g i r l s --------------M a n u f a c t u r in g ____
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
F in a n ce * * ____

206
33
173
112

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

4 1 .0 0
5 2 .5 0
3 9 .0 0
3 9 .0 0

14

*

fo o tn o te

_
14
2

(e x c lu d in g

in su ra n c e ,

r a ilr o a d s ),

and rea l




e sta te .

c o m m u n ic a tio n s ,

a n d o th e r p u b lic

u tilitie s

_

-

23

59

23
23

59
3
54

71
6
65
13
50

130
26
104
32
54

72
9
63
24
18

122
1
121
92

22
1
21
10

31
17
14
8

5
2
3

8
8

_
25

a t e n d o f ta b le .

T r a n s p o r ta tio n

* * F in a n c e ,

_

_

-

K e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s __________ _____________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ___________ ___ ________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ______________________________
F in a n ce * * —___________________________________

See

_

-

-

-

66
34
32
24
4

_
-

2
2

-

2
2

-

_

3
3

-

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

5

-

-

-

-

1

2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

2
2

7
7

-

-

_
-

1

-

14
4
10
1

1

-

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

_

_

_

5

-

4
4

1

1

1

_

"

-

_
_
-

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_
-

_
-

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

2
2

„

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

13
13

_

1
1

-

.

_

8
3
5
4

_

-

-

21
15
6
6

-

-

-

-

_
-

2
2

-

-

~

-

.

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

7

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in D a lla s , T e x . , b y in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n , O c t o b e r 1955)
Avkbaqe
Number
of
workers

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
Weekly
Weekly 30. 00
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) u and r
nde
3 5 .0 0

$
3 5 .0 0

$
4 0 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
80. 00

%

%

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

4 0 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

85. 00

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0
and
over

W o m e n - C on tin u e d

_____________ ______ __
_ _
__ _________ __ __ _____ __
.
...... . , , _
*
__ __ __ __ _________ __ __
__ __ __ __ ____________ _, __ _
__ __ __ _________ _____ _____ __ _

1.4 0 5
399
1 ,0 0 6
204
162
384

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

$
7 0 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
69. 00
7 2 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ___________________ __ _____ ___ __
_____ __ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___ __ __ __ __ __ _____
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
— __ __
__ __ __ __ __
___
R e t a il t r a d e r._
.... ..
__
F in a n c e * *
_____

1 .9 2 8
715
1 ,2 1 3
351
110
360

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
40. 0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

6 0 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
5 7 .5 0
5 6 .5 0
5 3 .5 0
5 4 .5 0

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
__ ___
M a n u f a c t u r in g __
. ___
N o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g _________________________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s * ___ __ _ ....
R e t a il t r a d e __
_ . _
___
. . .
F in a n c e * *
__ _ ■_

359
53
306
33
98
43

41 . 5
4 0 .0
42 . 0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

48. 50
6 1 .0 0
46. 50
55. 50
4 3 .5 0
5 7 .0 0

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s
M a n u f a c t u r in g __ ___
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _____ _____
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _______ __ __
R e t a il t r a d e __ __ __
__ __
F in a n c e * *
__ __ __ _____ __

377
121
256
32
37
66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40 . 0
4 0 .0
4 1 .5
3 9 .0

5 4 .5 0
5 3 .5 0
55. 00
6 0 .5 0
4 7 .5 0
5 2 .5 0

S e c r e t a r ie s _ — —
M a n u fa c tu r in g _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s
R e t a il t r a d e __
F in a n c e * *
__

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

______________________
_
__ . .
__ __ __ __ __ __ _
__ __ __ _____ ____
__ __ __ __ __ __ _

_ _

___

76
66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 1 .0 0
60.0-0

T r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l _ __ _____ _
M a n u f a c t u r in g _ __ __ __ __ _
_ ....
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __ __ __ _____ _________ __ _ _____
F in a n c e * *
_ _ _ _ _

371
53
318
257

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

5 0 .5 0
5 1 .5 0
5 0 .5 0
4 9 .0 0

T y p is t s , c la s s A _ _ _ _ _ _
M a n u f a c t u r in g __________ _ _______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _ _
... _ . _ _
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
_____
R e t a il t r a d e __ __ __ __
F in a n ce * *
_ _
. . . . . . . . . . . . .

612
105
507
104
42
216

40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 4 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
5 2 .0 0
5 3 .5 0
5 5 .0 0
5 1 .0 0

1 .9 7 8
455
1 ,5 2 3
102
261
923

40. 0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .5
3 9 .5

46 . 50
5 4 .5 0
4 4 .0 0
4 6 .5 0
4 5 .5 0
4 2 .5 0

. . ...
...

...
.T

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B __ _
. .. _____
_
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __
_ ... ........... .
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s * ___ _ _
_________
R e t a il t r a d e — — — __ __ __ __ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
F in a n c e * *
__
_ _
.. . .

H ours
*

r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k

T r a n s p o r ta tio n

* * F in a n c e ,

(e x c lu d in g

in s u r a n c e ,

fo r




w h ic h

r a ilr o a d s ),

and rea l

e sta te .

e m p lo y e e s

r e c e iv e

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

th e ir

r e g u la r

_
_
_
-

2
_
2
-

30
8
22
_
_
9

105
10
95
1
22
20

130
27
103
21
14
26

245
84
161
24
19
100

276
78
198
40
48
83

155
33
122
42
10
41

184
58
126
31
31
45

125
48
77
18
6
20

66
20
46
22
5
17

41
12
29
4
3
14

16
9
7
1

138
21
117
26
21
42

194
16
178
76
20
54

271
84
187
52
12
79

313
77
236
79
23
82

318
134
184
51
24
69

267
94
173
50
8
20

220
139
81
13
_
2

139
110
29
2
1
5

39
29
10
Z
-

14
10
4
-

_
_

-

15
1
14
_
1
7

-

~

20
_
20
_
8

80
1
79
_
29

57
_
57
2
25

32
16
16
3
_
9

19
11
8
2
_
2

2
2
_
_

-

50
5
45
12
9
16

_
_
_

-

40
7
33
8
9
12

7
5
2
1
_

-

52
6
46
5
18
3

1

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

101
53
48
6
11
9

46
11
35
_
5
12

57
23
34
12
1
7

23
2
21
8
_

8
_
8
_
_

-

68
14
54
2
7
14

21
6
15
2
_

-

48
12
36
2
13
19

-

-

-

2
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

12
12

31
30

17
12

3
2

5
5

72
9
63
61

74
7
67
59

104
21
83
62

44
6
38
27

42
7
35
21

6
3
3
2

4
_
4

-

25
_
25
25

-

-

38

_
_
_
_

3
_
3
_
3

86
4
82
29
11
22

53
9
44
7
15
16

3
3
_
_
_

9
5
4
_
_

-

197
23
174
29
10
95

58
53
5
5
_

-

34
4
2
13

161
4
157
30
1
70

-

-

332
2
330
12
31
278

661
30
631
31
80
408

418
104
314
35
63
156

243
85
158
16
72
54

62
34
28
2
8
4

200
185
15
2

30
15
15
4
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

-

_
_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
_
5

.
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
-

.
-

_
-

.
-

2
1

-

8
8
8
_
_
_
_
_

7

_

_
_
-

-

25

10
3
7
_
_
-

_

6
4

_
-

12
9
3
1
2
_
-

_
_

25
_

7
18

s tr a ig h t-t im e

a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

4

s a la r ie s

a n d th e

e a r n in g s

corresp on d

_
_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
_
_

4
_
4
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
-

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

5

to th e s e

_
-

_
-

w e e k ly h o u r s .

8

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(A vera g e straigh t-tim e w eekly hou rs and earnings 1 fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is
in D allas, T e x . , by industry d ivisio n , O ctob er 1955)
Avebagb
S e x , o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E WEEKLY EARNING S OF

$
1
Weekly
3 5 .0 0 4 0 .0 0
earnings
and
(Standard)
u nder
4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0

S
4 5 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
5 0 . 00 5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 . 00 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 . 00 7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

s

s
8 0 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

$
s
t
$
$
8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 i o a o o 1 0 5 .0 0 n a o o
9 0 .0 0

9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 n a o o

s
S
s
s
s
$
1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0
and

1 1 5 .0 0 i 2 a o o

1 2 5 .0 0 n a o o

1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 0 0

over

M en

77
48

4 1 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 0 7 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

D r a fts m e n , s e n io r
M a n u f a c t u r in g
_ _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ______________________

299
188
111
49

4 0 .5
4 0 .0
4 2 .0
4 0 .0

8 4 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
7 1 . 00

D r a f t s m e n , j u n i o r ___ ___________________ _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________

258
183

4 0 .5
4 0 .0

6 3 .5 0
6 2 . 00

___________

65

4 0 .5

5 2 . 50

N u r s e s , i n d u s t r i a l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) ___________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________ __________

61

44

4 0 .0
40. 0

7 2 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

D r a f t s m e n , l e a d e r __________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ ____________________

T r a c e r s ____________________________

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

4
4

19
18

9
8

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

"

7
4
3
3

32
11
21
18

25
7
18
14

21
19
2
2

49
48
1
1

65
58
7
3

10
6
4
2

18
14
4
2

-

12
8

6
4

28
22

45
31

62
47

40
31

34
32

21
8

2
-

-

14

_

29

8

11

1

2

2

5
2

14
14

8
5

2

.

.

6
5

“

17
7
10
4

5
4
1

15
3
12

7
1
6

"

■

2
-

2
-

2
-

-

_

_

_

_

_

5
4

6
5

1
1

2

1
1

“

6
5—

8
—

r-—

3
r

_

"

7
1
6
~

8
2
6
~

-

_

_

_

_

1
1

7
1
6

~
_

12
1

7
1

4

.

-

-

4

-

_

2

~
.

_

"

-

"

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

"

“

W om en

2
2

.

3

7
3

5
3

1 Hours re fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em p loy ees re c e iv e th eir straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly h ou rs.
* T ransportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.




2

_

_

O ccu p a tion al Wage S u rv ey, D a llas, T e x . , O cto b e r 1955
U .S . DE P A RT M EN T OF LA BO R
B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tistics

9
Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage hourly earnings 1 fo r m en in s e le cte d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
in D allas, T e x ., by industry d ivisio n , O ctober 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Average
hourly
earnings

$
0 . 80
and

$
0 .9 0
1 .0 0

C a r p e n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________
________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________________

181
65
116
49

$
2 .0 6
2 . 16
2 .0 1
2 . 19

E l e c t r ic i a n s , m a in te n a n c e
__ _____ _
__ —
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________

242
17 8
64

2 . 17
2 .2 4
1 .9 7

E n g i n e e r s , s t a t i o n a r y _________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________________
F in a n c e * *
. ........... ...

248
154
36
33
45

1. 86
1 .6 8
1 .7 9
1 .6 2
1 .7 7

66
45

1 .5 6
1 .6 7

_

H e l p e r s , t r a d e s , m a i n t e n a n c e _____ ______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ ________________________________
_________ ____________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ______ __________ ____________

280
169
111
76

1 .4 5
1 .4 7
1 .4 1
1 .5 1

1
1
-

7
5
2
“

M a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m _________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
____________________________ _______

40
40

2 . 03
2 . 03

.
-

M a c h i n i s t s , m a i n t e n a n c e ____________ ______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g
____________________ ______________

124
96

2 . 15
2 .2 4

F i r e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o i le r
M a n u fa c t u r in g

________________________

M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ( m a i n t e n a n c e ) ____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ---------- -----------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e _________________________________ ____
M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ___________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
O ile r s
M a n u fa c t u r in g _

_

____

P a i n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ____________________ _______
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____
_
_ _ _ _

_

1 .9 1
1. 83
1 .9 3
2 . 04
1 .6 0

547
458
89
87
83

________ _

_

148
53
95

2 . 00
2 .0 2
1 .9 1

“

1 .6 5
T s r

$
1 .2 0

$
1. 3 0

l.J L Q - 1 . 2 0

1. 30

1 .4 0

-

-

-

-

~

~

■

-

4
4
4

_

_

..

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

■

_

_

-

-

8
8
2

-

-

-

8
8
2
-

2

7

_

10
8
2

7
7
-

1
~

1
1

$
1 .6 0

$
1. 7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 . 00

$
2 . 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$ ,
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

2 . 80

1 .6 0

2
2
2

$
1. 5 0

1. 7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2 . 30

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

13
4
9
1

25
3
22
1

12
8
4
4

30
26
4
4

22
9
13

19
2
17

-

-

-

15
15
11

.
-

17
4
13

14
6
8

17
11
6

25
23
2

26
19
7

23
17
6

22
15
2
5
8

29
28
11
5
4

21
21
2
6
7

9
9
3
3

3
1
-

-

_

-

1
1
1

16
13
8
5

-

-

23
22
2
2
16

9
-

8
8

-

-

25
4
21

26
26

23
23

13
13

-

29
29
-

-

15
8
7
-

30
8
-

-

45
5
1
1
1

-

3
-

1

8

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

6
6
-

10
2
8
8

3
3
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

8
6
2
2

-

“

“

_

-

1
1
1

24
5
19
19

3
3

-

-

-

-

3
-

5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

_

4
4

_

_

-

-

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

‘

_

47
20
27
2

56
29
27
26

24
17
7
7

51
24
27
27

5
5
-

27
27
-

-

22
14
8
4

-

-

-

*

_

_

_

-

-

-

6
6

10
10

6
6

6
6

2
2

-

2
2

_

-

4
4

_

“

3
3

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

2

14

6
6

5
5

28
20

3
3

13
12

6
3

3
3

19
19

15
15

7
7

3
3

_

5
3
2
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

51
49
2

51
51

8
8

_

.

.

-

-

-

■

~

~

■

"

_

_

_

_

_

“

"

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

11
11
-

-

-

2
.

.

5
5
5

8
2
6
6

-

-

-

~

■

*

1
1

.

.

3

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

6
5
1

.

419
419

-

9
9

-

2 . 10

3
3
-

~

_

-

-

6
6

-

1 .9 7
2 .0 9
1 .9 1

5
3
2
“

7
7

2 . 33
2 . 33

'

■

-

5
1
4

E xclu d es p rem iu m pay fo r ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
* T ra n sp ortation (exclu din g r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
** F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and re a l esta te.




6
2
4
2

$
1 .4 0

10
7

-

36

P lu m b e r s , m a in te n a n c e .
T o o l a n d d i e m a k e r s __
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_

688'
92
59 6
435
99

$
1. 10

$
1 .0 0

22
7
15
15

37
9
28
22

40
3
37
12
7

58
9
49
36
10

49
24
25
10
7

48
4
44
42
2

128
7
121
121
-

54
6
48
30

28
28
28

107
7
1 00
84

16

-

-

10
5
5

3
2
1

34
15
19

16
13
3

76
65
11

67
66
1

50
50
~

83
71
12

42
42
“

3
3

14
14

10
10

28
27

10
10

1
1

8
8

5
5

5
5

10
10

4
2
2

3
3

16
16

3
1
2

_

.

_

6

_

4
4

9
9

4
4

7
1

"

6

5

4

4
4

56
21
35

_
32
32

49
16
33

88
11
77
70
7

-

“

_

*
_

~

10
10

1
1
_

1
1

5
4
1

3
3
"

"

2

13

3

_

_

_

113
113

61
61

88
88

41
41

16
16

16
16

14
9
5

6
6

3
35
35

"

O ccupational Wage Survey, D allas, T e x ., O ctober 1955
U .S . DEPARTM EN T OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

10
Table A-4:

Custodial and Mqterial Movement Occupations

(A verage hourly earnings 1 fo r se le cte d occupations 2 studied on an area b asis
in D allas, T e x . , by industry d ivisio n , O ctob er 1955)

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Average
hourly
earnings

E l e v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( m e n ) ___________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________________

93
80

$
0 . 85
.7 6

E l e v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r ( w o m e n ) _______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _____________________________________
F i n a n c e * * _______________________________________

322
318
85
125

.7 5
.7 5
.7 7
. 81

G u a r d s ___________________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________
F i n a n c e * * _______________________________________

336
247
89
69

1. 6 4
1 .7 4
1. 36
1 .4 0

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ( m e n ) _________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ____________________________________
F i n a n c e * * _______________________________________

3. 0 3 7
1, 2 4 2
1 ,7 9 5
320
609
466

J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ( w o m e n ) ______
M a n u f a c t u r in g
____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _____________________________________
F i n a n c e * * __ __________________________________

706
105
601
97
205
278

$
0 .4 0
and
under
. 50

"
_

$
1. 10

$
1 .2 0

$
1. 30

$
1 .4 0

$
1. 5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1. 8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 . 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

1 .0 0

1 .1 0

1 .2 0

1. 30

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 ,7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2 . 30

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

•

”

■

$
0. 70

,6 0

.7 0

,8 0

16
16

14
14

14
14

15
15
15
-

107
107
57
40

91
87
11
73

2
2
~

-

533
40
493
2
171
253

171
9
162
3
39
12 0

24
24

-

80
80
-

-

. -

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

“

“

'

1. 11
1. 32
.9 7
1 .2 6
.9 1
.8 7

56
56
-

31
31
-

. 81
1. 10
.7 6
1. 08
. 65
. 74

1
1
-

-

54
54
36
~

142
142
46
76

110
11 0
110
“

-

3
3
3

7
7
7

-

“

~

-

1. 35
1 .4 8
1. 2 2

-

-

-

5
5

1 .5 8
1. 89
1 .2 6
1 .2 3

-

-

-

1 .2 9
1 .3 8
1 .2 3
1 .5 1
1. 03

-

-

-

O r d e r f i l l e r s ______ __________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
______________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _____________________________________

858
222
636
239

1. 35
1 .5 8
1 .2 7
1. 38

P a c k e r s , s h i p p i n g ____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________ ______________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________

3 49
176
173

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s

300
152
148
93

2

1
1

5
5

5
5
1
4

10
10
1
4

.

8
4

2
1

9

5
5
4

6
6
-

3
3
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

5
2
3
2

12
12
12

41
21
20
20

53
32
21
4

12
9
3
3

15
8
7
7

25
5
20
20

29
29
“

261
33
228
152
54

224
84
140
5
72
51

368
159
209
26
71
57

420
254
166
80
26
21

325
178
147
66
33
25

269
62
207
124
48
5

114
72
42
7
-

50
50
-

42
32
10
10
-

180
172
8
-

■

~

38
12
26
2
4
20

85
22
63
12
1
50

58
58
44
2
12

58
45
13
10
3

27
3
24
24
-

1
1
-

~

~

■

1

.

"

"

■
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

~

-

~

”

51
50
1
1

50
50
-

14
14
-

.

_

-

~

“

-

"

27
27
“

~

52
52
"

58
54
4
~

_

_

_

_

_

"

~

-

~

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

"

“

241
12
229
217
-

22
7
15
15

2
2
2
-

~

"

11
11
"

232
65
167
7
91

370
157
213
10
8

149
112
37
22
1

105
78
27
16

12 6
95
31
31

“

~

_

‘
156
15 6
-

"

~

-

83
83
30

107
8
99
31

152
17
135
6

71
20
51
8

59
35
24
24

105
7
98
88

105
46
59
25

93
75
18
11

9
9

“

42
42
16

4
4

8
8

36
36

55
34
21

63
16
47

27
21
6

27
25
2

49
7
42

20
18
2

30
30

12
12

11
11

2
2

_

30

19

8
8
8

24
1
23
13

28
5
23
2

10
6
4
4

14
2
12
6

42
22
20
14

6
1
5
5

40
39
1
1

17
16
1

13
13

46
46
“

27
27

-

30
30

19
10

_
-

'
5
5
"

~

“

“

_

_

~

-

-

_

_

-

~

~

_

-

284
123
161
99
48

~

"

.

"

'

_

420
122
298
48
215

191

~

-

390
139
251
5
102

314
48
266
-

~

-

2
2
-

-

■

_
.

360
230
130
84
39

2

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ,
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




$
1. 0 0

$
0 .6 0

3 . 179
1, 3 4 4
1, 8 3 5
554
705

**

$
0 .9 0

$
0 . 50

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d l i n g ____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _____________________________________

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------------

o w
• i «
-£
>
oo
o
o

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

“
_

_

_

~

~

“

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
“

_
-

_

_

"

-

-

“

O ccu p a tion al Wage S urvey, D a llas, T e x . , O cto b e r 1955
U .S . DE P A RT M EN T OF LABOR
B ureau o f L a b or S tatistics

11
Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued
(Average hou rly earnings 1 fo r selected occupations 2 studied on an a rea b asis
in D a llas, T e x . , by industry d ivision , O cto b e r 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

$
$
0 .4 0
0 .5 0
and
voider
.6 0
.5 0

$ ,
0 .6 0

$
0 .7 0

$
0. 80

$
0 .9 0

$
1. 00

$
1. 10

$
1 .2 0

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

5 ,
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2. 00

$
2. 10

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

. 70

.8 0

.9 0

1 .0 0

1. 10

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1. 50

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2. 00

2. 10

2 .2 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

“

-

23
13
10

19
15
4

38
38
-

11
11
-

6
6
-

15
14
1

4
4
-

-

_

-

-

4
_
4

35
21
14
14

68
2
66
66

50
41
9
■

9
9
2

3
3
-

3
_
3
-

_
-

3
3
-

-

80
80
2

_
_

_
_

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

“

-

S h ip p in g c l e r k s _____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g _____ ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________________

220
130
90

$
1 .6 4
l.? 9
1 .41

“

S h ip p in g an d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k s ____________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _____________________________

349
134
215
132

1 .7 2
1 .7 2
1 .7 3
1 .7 5

_

.

.

_

"

■

-

*

T r u c k d r i v e r s 3 _____________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_ ..
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b li c u t ilit ie s *
_ _
R e t a il t r a d e __________________________________

2, 315
380
1 ,9 3 5
919
505

1 .5 5
1. 56
1 .5 5
1 .7 7
1 .2 6

_

.

_

-

-

-

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d e r l l /2 t o n s ) ___________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_
_ _
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________________
R e t a il t r a d e ____ ____________________________

368
97
271
129

1. 38
1 .4 4
1. 36
1 .3 3

_

_

_

"

■

-

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m ( 1 V 2 t o a n d in c lu d in g
4 t o n s ) _________ ___________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g _____ ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________ _______
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * __________ _________________
R e t a il t r a d e _ __ ____________________________

1, 184
141
1, 043
726
150

1. 61
1 .5 2
1 .6 2
1 .7 9
1. 16

"

-

-

2
2
-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a ile r
t y p e ) ---------------- -----------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________ _____________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _____________________________

501
115
386
162

1 .6 5
1 .6 3
1 .6 6
1 .7 7

-

-

-

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i ft )
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ___________ _________________
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * _____________________________

407
276
131
70

1 .5 6
1 .6 2
1 .4 5
1. 57

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o th e r th an f o r k l i f t ) __________
M a n u fa c tu r in g __ _______________________________

219
98

1 .6 9
1 .7 8

_

_

-

-

-

"

W a tc h m e n ___
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_
__ ... _ _ ___ _
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ________ ___________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _ _______________________________

309
155
154
34
49

1. 08
1. 17
.9 8
1 .0 9
1 .0 5

.

4

1

59

-

22

-

4

-

-

1
1

37
14

1
3
*

"

-

_

-

~

-

1
1

24
24

8
8

23
3
20

26
13

~

13

18
13
5

_
"

_
~

2
2
1

13
6
7
2

20
9
11
4

26
6
20
20

27
14
13
1

34
9
25
7

41
20
21
6

-

60
60
56

13
13
1
2

251
16
235
68

79
19
60
6
29

280
36
244
43
133

.210
35
175
48
95

106
23
83
44
15

151
18
133
71
60

174
109
65
20
31

145
59
86
18
2

682
30
652
636
12

41
19
22
22
-

24
14
10
4
"

17
2
15
6
'

15
15
11

.
-

52
8
44
22

71
22
49
14

27
12
15
7

28
8
20
10

19
19
17

39
22
17
16

62
10
52
2

7
7
7

.
-

7
7
"

.

-

-

39
8
31
21

.

"

“

12
12
1
1

107
8
99
47

23
9
14
4
7

59
14
45
5
7

86
7
79
40
13

54
7
47
36
5

86
7
79
71
8

91
63
28
13
15

49
22
27
11
-

546
2
544
535
5

10
10
10
-

6
6
-

11
2
9
-

-

-

-

-

-

42
42
42

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

30

-

8 . 46
gr
n
35
"
“

30

-

24
24
24

34

-

99
99
-

6
6

3
3

118
21
r r ~ --------9“
101
12
101
12

5
1
4
4

6
6
6

-

78
78
-

-

-

7
7

9
9
-

16
1
15
-

.
-

65
46
19
19

77
66
11
11

32
23
9
9

1
1
1

45
16
29
3

53
49
4
-

4
4

59
32
27
27

31
31
-

1
1
-

7
7
“

_
-

_

_

-

-

11
3

21
4

19
“

12
4

37

18
10

44

15
15

26

3
3

_

_

26

6
■

_

33

29
13
16
12

18
8
10
1

16
9
7
1
2

9
6

10
10
-

1
1
-

2
2

2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

.
-

7
50
13
37
8

3

E xclu d es p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e , and fo r work on w eekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
Data lim ited to m en w o r k e rs excep t w h ere otherw ise indicated.
Inclu des a ll d r iv e r s re g a r d le s s o f siz e and type of truck operated.
T ra n sp orta tion (exclu din g r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.




_

_

-

-

-

32

24
8
16
6
7

46
33
13
1
6

22
10
4
1

4

16

18
6

9

—

3
1
2

15
--------6^
9
9

------

TT—

-

~

2

6
6
-

-

■

-




B: Establishment P ractices and Supplem entary W age Provisions

Table B~1: Shift Differential Provisions 1
P e rc e n t o f m anufacturing plant w o rk e rs —

Shift d ifferen tial

(a)
In establishm ents having
fo rm a l p ro v is io n s for—
S econd shift
w ork

Total

77. 7

With shift pay d ifferen tial —
U niform cents (per hour)
3
5
6
7

c e n t s ----------------- ------c e n t s ------------------------c e n t s ------------------------c e n t s ------------------------ll
/z c e n t s --------------------9 cents -----------------------10 c e n t s ---------------------12 c e n t s -------------------I 2 V2 c e n t s ------------------O ver 12Va c e n t s -------U niform p e r c e n ta g e -------5
7V
2

p ercen t ----------------p e r c e n t ----------------

O th e r2 ----------------------------No shift pay d i ffe r e n t i a l------

T hird o r other
shift w ork

61.4

I
I

(b)
A ctually w orking on—

Second shift

14.9

T hird o r other
shift

3 .4

7 4.4

60. 5

14.1

3 .3

66. 6

2 9.1

1 1 .4

2 .2

1.5
11.9
1 .7
8 .5
1 .7

_

_

19.0
19.1
1.0
2 .2

2 .8
1.5
1 .8
1.1
15.6
1 .6
1.0
3 .7

.4
1.5
.1
1. 7
.3
1 .4
5 .4
.3
.3

.3
.5
t
.1
.8

7 .8

5 .6

2 .7

.3

7 .8
-

5 .6

2. 7
-

-

3 .3

2 5.8
.9

t
.3

.2

_
.3

-

.8

.8

.1

1 Shift d ifferen tial data a re presen ted in term s o f (a) establishm ent p o lic y , and (b) w o rk e rs actu a lly em p loy ed on late
shifts at the tim e o f the su rv e y . An establishm ent was co n sid e re d as having a p o lic y if it m et either o f the follo w in g co n d i­
tion s: ( l ) Operated late shifts at the tim e o f the su rv e y, o r (2) had fo rm a l p ro v isio n s cov erin g late shifts.
2 F ull d a y 's pay fo r red u ced h ou rs, and eith er 7*/a cents o r 10 cen ts p e r hour,
t L ess than 0 .0 5 p e rce n t.
Occupational Wage Survey, D allas, T e x ., O cto b e r 1955
U .S . D E P A RTM EN T OF L A B O R
Bureau o f L a b o r S tatistics

13

1
Table B-2-* Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office W orkers
N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith s p e c i fi e d m in im u m h ir in g ra te in—
M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m r a t e
(w e e k ly s a l a r y )

B a s e d on s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f —

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d i e d -------------------------------------

-------- —

174

55

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith s p e c i f i e d m in im u m h ir in g rate in—

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

40

XXX

A ll
s c h e d u le s

119

M a n u fa c tu r in g

A ll
s c h e d u le s

XXX

174

FO R IN E X P E R IE N C E D T Y P IS T S

E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ---------------$27.
$30.
$32.
$35.
$37.

SO
00
50
00
50

anH
and
and
and
and

unrlpr
undpr
u nder
nndpr
u nder

$ 3 0 .0 0
.....................
... .....
$ 3 2 . SO ___ _.
_
$ 3 5 . 00 _____________________________
$ 3 7 . SO ______
$ 4 0 .0 0
... . ... .. ...

$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 . SO
$ 45. 00
$ 4 7 . SO

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$ 4 2 . SO
$ 4 5 . 0 0 . . .....
.
_
$ 4 7 . SO
_ _
_ ... .
______
$ 5 0 . 0 0 ..........................................................

78

19

58

45

XXX

41
1

3
5
2
3

1
5
3
4
2
3

1

1

1

_

_

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _______ ___

30

11

XXX

19

E s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y ------------------------------------------------------------------

65

24

XXX

D ata n ot a v a ila b le __________________________________________

1

~

XXX

$ 5 5 . 00 and o v e r

_

....

.

.

... ...

_
_

1
5

86
2
5
4
19
11
22
8
4
1
8
1
1

1
3
6
8
19
4
1
1
2

_

55

20

XXX

20
_

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

119

XXX

66

51

2
5
4
18
10
16
6
2
1
2
-

1
3
4
14
7
14
3
2
1
2
-

_

-

_

_

1
1
6
2
2

1
1
6
2
2

6
1
1

6
1
1

36

14

XXX

22

XXX

XXX

51

21

XXX

30

XXX

XXX

1

-

XXX

1

XXX

1 L o w e s t s a l a r y r a te f o r m a l l y e s t a b l is h e d f o r h ir in g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s f o r typ in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
2 H o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s . D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d ,




40

FO R O T H E R IN E X P E R IE N C E D C L E R IC A L W O R K E RS

1
4
7
10
22
9
2
1
2

$ 5 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 5 2 .5 0 ...... ........... ..
.... . . .
$ 5 2 .5 0 and u n d e r $ 5 5 „ 0 0 _____________________________

1
4
7
11
27
12
7
3
5

20

B a s e d on s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—

A ll
in d u s t r ie s
40

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

_

and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n w o rk w e e k r e p o r t e d .

O c c u p a t io n a l W age S u r v e y , D a lla s , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

14

Table B-3:

Scheduled W eekly Hours
1

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EM PLOYED IN —
W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll w o r k e r s

________________________________________________

AH
2
industries

100

3 7 l 2 h o u r s a n d u n d e r ________________________________
U
3
O v e r 3 7 V 2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s _____________________
4 0 h o u r s _____________________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s __________________________
4 4 h o u r s _____________________________________________________
O v e r 4 4 a n d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s __________________________
4 8 h o u r s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 8 a n d u n d e r 5 0 h o u r s __________________________

5
7
76
3
6

5 0 h o u r s _____________________________________________________
O v e r 5 0 a n d u n d e r 5 4 h o u r s __________________________
5 4 h o u r s a n d o v e r ________________________________________

-

t
t

Manufacturing

100

f
93
t
f
t

Public
utilities *

100
3

92
4
t
t

Retail trade

100

P ERCE NT OF PLANT W O RKERS EM PLOYED IN —

Finance * *

100

8
7
66

5
18
77

9
7
4

-

AH
3
industries

100

-

t
t
58
5
6
8
11

Manufacturing

100

t

Public
utilities *

100

_

-

-

77

64
11

Retail trade

100
_

-

t

r

3

-

-

3

4

t
-

9
31
11
12
7
23
-

”

“

4

3

t

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

~

~

t

t
3
6
t
t

18
3

1

D ata r e la t e to w o m e n w o r k e r s o n ly .
I n c lu d e s d ata f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
I n c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n s show n s e p a r a t e ly ,
L e s s than 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
** F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
2
3
t

*

Table B-4: Paid Holidays 1
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Ite m

A ll w o r k e r s _________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s ____________________ _____ ____________
L e s s than 4 h o lid a y s
.........................
4 h o l i d a y s ______ ___________________________ ___
5 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
F u ll d a y s o n l y ______________________________________
P lu s 1 h a lf d a y _____________________________________
P lu s 6 h a lf d a y s ___________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
F u ll d a y s o n l y ________________________ ____
P lu s 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
7 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________
8 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
F u ll d a y s o n l y _______________________________
P lu s 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g n o
pa id h o lid a y s _____________________________________

AU
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

P ERCENT OF PLANT W ORKERS E M PLOYED IN —

Finance * *

1 00

100

1 00

99

100

87
4
14
24
22

91

85

88

-

t

99

99

100

t

t

-

t

-

10
29
22
6

5
19
.18

t

43
30
30

-

t

18
15
3

t

-

-

-

41
38
3
15
4

44
41
3
31

36
36

26
26

t

t

Retail trade

100

1 00

t
t
-

Public
utilities

1 00

100

3

Manufacturing

1 00

100

t

AU
3
industries

-

-

43
3
3

-

-

~

t

43
23
15
5
50
45
5

7

7

t

7
22
20

t

15
13

t

9
38
30
28
3

-

-

-

-

28
25
3
16

40
35
6
21

27
27

12
12

-

-

40

t
t
-

t
t
-

-

-

13

9

15

12

1 E s t im a t e s r e la t e t o f u ll - d a y h o lid a y s p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , a s in e a r l i e r s t u d ie s . T h e s e a r e fu r th e r d iv id e d b e tw e e n w o r k e r s w ho r e c e i v e m e r e l y the in d ic a t e d n u m b e r o f f u ll - d a y h o lid a y s , and
t h o s e w h o r e c e i v e 1 o r m o r e h a l f -h o l i d a y s in a d d itio n .
2 In c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 I n c lu d e s d ata f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
t
L e s s than 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
O c c u p a t io n a l W age S u r v e y , D a lla s , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1955
*
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s




15

Table B-5:

Paid Vacations

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EM PLOYED IN —

Vacation p o lic y

All
industries 1

A l l w o r k e r s _________________________________________

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT W ORKERS EM PLOYED IN—

Finance**

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

98
92
T

100
100
-

97
92

-

98
89
9
-

t

t

“

t

t

33
66

38
61
■

_
100
"

77
19

87
9
"

M ETHOD OF P A Y M E N T

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g pa id
v a c a t i o n s 3 -------------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ---------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ------------------------------------------O t h e r ----------------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g no pa id
v a c a t i o n s ------------------------------------------------------------------

-

}

T
3

AM OUNT OF V A C A TION P A Y

After 1 year of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------

t

55
45
“

82
18

t

62
35

75
22
j

After 2 years of serv ice
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------

_

48
5
44
t

66
t
30
-

32
t
66
-

28
7
62
-

21
6
70
t

6
12
82
'

18
3
76
-

-

19
7
71
t
t

_
96
4

12
t
83
t
t

11
85
t
t

3
t
95

11
t
86
t

11
t
88
-

t
86
-

17
5
78
-

7
t
91
t

6
t
93

t
3
97

9
t
89

100

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
89
3
4

t
t
98
-

6
94
-

12

-

100
-

A fter 3 y e ars of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

_
-

-

A fte r 5 years of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

3
t
92
t
3

t

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .
O cc u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , D a lla s ; T e x . , O c t o b e r 1955
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
* * F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s




NOTE:

In the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s by y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n ts o t h e r than "le n g th o f t im e , "
s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f annual e a r n in g s o r f la t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t tim e
b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f ann ual e a r n in g s w as c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p a y .

-

12
-

84
t

16

Table B-5: Paid Vacations - Continued3
2
1
P ERCENT OF PLA N T W ORKERS EM PLOYED IN —

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Vacation p o l ic y

All w orkers

________________________________________

All
industries

j

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

Retail trade

Finance

**

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

t

_

98
-

77
14
8

11
82
3

11
79
6

3
97
-

8
88
-

t

t

"

t

11
51

11
44
43

3
32
64

8
71
18

11
43
44
“

3
23
70
3

8
63
26
“

11
43
38
6

3
13
81
3

8
58
20
11

100

100

100

100

t

4
88
t
7

100
■

4
40

38

60

-

-

-

46

56

62

38

t

4
40

t

-

A M O U N T O F V A C A T I O N P A Y - Co nti nue d

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------- —----- ------------- —------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------- ------------------------ ------

86
6
6

t

t

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
! w e e k _______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

t

50

t

t

t

_
54
3
44

t
36

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s —-------------------------- ----------------------------- --------4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------- -----

45

50

t

56
-

t

22
75
3

t

51
-

46
*

11
48

50
3
47

t
39

t

~

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and un d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

t

43

t
39

t

14

4
40
39
-

17

t

t

76

48
20

-

-

21
-

3

30

1 I n c lu d e s data f o r w h o l e s a l e t r ad e and s e r v i c e s in ad d it i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 In c lu d es data f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a d d it i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 I nc lu de s p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h did not p r o v i d e v a c a t i o n s until a f t e r 2 y e a r s of s e r v i c e ,
all industries, 2 pe rce n t; m anufacturing, 2 pe rce n t; public utilities, 3 p e r c e n t.
t L e s s than 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
* * F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




11
45

50
29
3
18

t

35
7

as f o l l o w s :

O ffice w o r k e r s - m anufacturin g,

1 percent.

Plant w o rk e rs -

17

T a b le B- 6 :

H e a l t h , I n s u r a n c e , a n d P e n s io n P l a n s

PERCENT OF OFFICE W ORKERS EMPLOYED IN —

T y p e o f pl a n

A l l w o r k e r s __

______

All
,
industries 1

100

Manufacturing

100

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EM PLOYED IN—

Finance * *

100

All
2
industries

100

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

100

100

Retail trade

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
L i f e i n s u r a n c e __
__ __ __
A c c i d e n t a l death and d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e __ __ _____ __ __ __ „
__ _
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e
o r s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 3 _ ___
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e _
S i c k l e a v e ( fu ll p a y and n o
w ai t in g p e r i o d )
__ „
___
Sick leave (partial pay o r
w a it i n g p e r i o d )
__ __ __ __ __ __ __
H ospitalization in su ran ce
__
__ __ __
Surgical insurance
M edica l insurance
Catastrophe insurance
R e tire m e n t pension
No health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e nsion
p l a n ________ _____ ___ _
_
__ _____ ___ —

1
2
3
f
*
**

90

96

98

82

81

84

90

96

71

46

64

43

60

35

47

51

49

46

69
33

83
61

74
29

60
20

66
14

56
43

61
57

83
43

39
22

41

50

27

19

53

9

6

24

8

14
74
72
62
15
64

t
91
93
76
9
78

39
43
42
36
5
85

42
75
70
60
38
48

7
79
73
69
21
58

12
74
73
56
10
49

3
84
85
65
8
57

36
49
47
29
9
82

21
64
58
45
20
33

4

t

t

7

7

7

3

4

12

I n c lu d e s da ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e and s e r v i c e s in add ition to those i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c lu d e s da ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a dd iti o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e l y .
U n d u p l i c a t e d t ot a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s ho w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w .
L e s s than 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c l u d i n g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




O c c u p a t i o n a l W ag e S u r v e y , D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t o b e r 1955
U .S . DE PA R T M E N T OF LABOR
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t at is ti c s




19
A p p e n d i x :

T h e
a s s is t
a

its

v a r ie ty

an d

of

fr o m

ra te s

sta ff

to

ca n tly

title s

in

jo b

of

u se

in to

d iffe re n t

w o rk

e s s e n tia l

jo b

in d iv id u a l

le a r n e r s ,

p ro b a tio n a ry

to

B e ca u s e

B u r e a u ’s

the

fie ld

the

fr o m

jo b

th ose

on

tr a in e e s ,

is

to

u n d er

e sta b lish m e n t

o ccu p a tio n a l

w a ge

in te re s ta b lis h m e n t

p r e p a r e d
a r e

s u r v e y s

e m p lo y e d
to

o f

d e s c r ip tio n s

r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s

b e g in n e r s ,

a r e

g rou p in g

e m p h a s is

B u r e a u ’s

w a g e

w h o

e s ta b lis h m e n t

the

th is

o r

B u r e a u ’s

w o r k e r s

p e r m it
o f

e sta b lish m e n ts

the

fo r

o ccu p a tio n s

o r d e r

con ten t,

a p p re n tice s ,

and

d e s c r ip tio n s

a r r a n g e m e n ts

in

con ten t.

o ccu p a tio n a l

in

jo b

D e s c r ip tio n s

a p p ro p ria te

d e s c r ip tio n s ,

s u p e r v is o r s ,

te m p o r a r y ,

p re p a rin g

is

c o m p a ra b le

th ose

th ese

and
T h is

c o m p a ra b ility

fr o m

o f

cla s sify in g

a r e a .

re p re se n tin g

a p p ly in g

p u rp o se
in

p a y ro ll

a re a

in te ra re a

in g

p r im a r y

fie ld

J o b

m a y

fo r

d iffe r

oth er

in stru cte d

h a n d ica p p e d

and

s ig n ifi­

p u r p o s e s .

to

e x clu d e

w o r k e r s ,

In

w o r k ­

p a r t-tim e ,

w o r k e r s .

O f f i c e

B I L L E R ,

P r e p a r e s
than
a s

an

to

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

M A C H IN E

s ta te m e n ts,

o r d in a r y

b illin g s

cid e n ta l

to

m a c h in e ,

o r

o r

sh ip p in g

b illin g

a re

b ills ,

e le c tr o m a tic
c h a r g e s

o r

o p e r a tio n s .

c la s s ifie d

b y

and

o f

w a ge

on

M a y

p e r fo r m

F o r

typ e

in v o ice s

ty p e w rite r.

oth er
stu dy

m a ch in e ,

as

a

m a ch in e

a ls o

k eep

c le r ic a l

oth er

C la s s

r e c o r d s
w o rk

p u r p o s e s ,

A

the

in ­

b ille r s ,

s tru ctu re

m in e s

fo llo w s :

m a c h in e
a r e

(M o o n

fr o m

o r d e r s ,

ty p in g

sh ip p in g

b illin g
b y

an d

a d d in g

d is co u n ts

m a c h in e ,

an d

T h e

c a r b o n

c o p ie s

fa n fo ld

o f

w h ich
to ta ls

the

b ill

U ses

to

m a y

a re

u su a lly

b ein g

s p e c ia l

u s e d

p r e p a r e

in v o lv e s

ch a rg e s
not

be

en try

co m p u te d

on

is

often

done

on

C L E R K ,

a

m a ch in e
o r

b ills

(S u n d stra n d ,
m a y

as

the

r e c o r d .

o f

s a le s

h a v e

o f

d eb it

an d

c r e d it

of

and

fr o m

on

an d

D oes

u n ifo rm

b o o k k e e p in g

R a n d ,

p r e p a r e

e tc.

,

u su a lly
not

and

le d g e r

fig u re s

on

p rin ts

in v o lv e
sta n d a rd

a

a

a u to ­

k n o w l­

typ es

set

of

F is h e r ,
out

a

S u n d stra n d ,

ty p e w rite r

B u r r o u g h s ,

k e y b o a rd )




to

N a tio n a l

k e e p

a

C ash

r e c o r d

o f

R e g is te r ,
b u s in e s s

w ith

E llio tt
or

c o s t

M a y

o r

in clu d e
a

c h e ck

b y

m o r e

little

a cco u n ts

sh eets

fo r

the

or

se ctio n s

of b a s ic

p a y a b le ,

b o o k ­

p a y r o ll,

o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d

e x p en se
in

item s

co n s o lid a te d

hand.

k n ow led g e

a s s is t

of

w ith

D e te r ­

cre d it

p h a ses

s im p le type

o r

u sed .

and

p r e p a r e

r e c o r d s

one

d istrib u tio n ,

c o n tro l

o r

m a k in g

B

le d g e r s

W o rk
su ch

an d

a ssig n a tio n s
an d

c lo s in g

of

one

re la tin g

d istrib u tio n ;

a d ju s tin g ,

a ccou n tin g

d ir e ctio n

k eep in g

ex a m in in g

p r o p e r

p r e p a r in g ,

fo r

r e c o r d s

o r

a ccou n tin g

in

g e n e r a l

tr a n s a c tio n s .

p r o p e r

b y
R a n d ,

b o o k s

p a y a b le ;

B

d istrib u tion ,

p re p a ra tio n

a ccou n tin g

of

in ­

tria l

d ep a rtm en t.

o r
to

a

b o o k k e e p e r

m o r e

one

in v o lv e s
as

of

a

or

ju d g m en t

e s ta b lis h ­
b a la n cin g
o r

v o u c h e r s
and

m a y

a c ­
w ith

e x p e rie n ce

M a y

e n trie s ;

c o m ­

an

r e c e iv a b le

a llo c a tio n s .

jo u rn a l

a c c o u n t­

of

and

p ostin g

in v o ice s

r e q u ir e s
and

p h a se

a cco u n ts

cod in g

or

s e c tio n s

a s s is t

d ire ct

in

cla s s

c le r k s .
-

U n d er

s u p e r v is io n ,

o p e ra tio n s

p a y a b le

r e c o n c ilin g
(R em in g ton

o f

d eb it

k n ow led g e

fa m ilia rity

of

O P E R A T O R

m a ch in e

oth er

re q u irin g

M a y

U n d er

le d g e r

C la s s

b o o k k e e p in g

-

cou n ts

a cco u n ts

a

p r e p a r e

A

a ccou n tin g

O p e ra te s

and

a

and

s y s te m

o f

w o rk .

(n o t in c lu d in g

r e s p o n s ib ility

s u b s id ia r y

s lip s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

the

s e ctio n s

e tc.

m e n t ’s b u s in e s s
1

G e n e ra lly

h as

p le te

w h ich

c u s to m e r s

c u s t o m e r s ’

a ccu m u la te s

com p u tes

a

op e ra tio n .

fig u re s

b a la n ce s .

W o r k s

U ses

to

r e c e iv a b le

en try

c r e d it

-

R e m in g ton

k e y b o a rd )

a u to m a tica lly

c o lu m n s
o r

F is h e r ,

a cco u n ts

m a c h in e

b o o k k e e p in g .

m a c h in e )

ty p e w rite r

the

o f v e r t ic a l
the

E llio tt

sim u lta n e o u s

T h e

m a tic a lly
e d g e

n ot

p a rt

in v o lv e s

n u m b e r

(b ook k eep in g

a cco u n tin g

r e c o r d

u su a lly
o r

re q u irin g

p r in c ip le s

A C C O U N T IN G

an t,

m a y

and

C la s s

m a c h in e

a

m a c h in e ),

c o n tr o l,

b a la n c e s

o f

s h e e ts ,

P h a s e s

r e c o r d s

d istrib u tion

p h a se

K eep s

r e c o r d s

b ille r ,

and

C on tin u ed

o f

m a c h in e .

B ille r ,

o f

v e n to r y

the

n u m b e r

e a ch

-

o f

p a r ticu la r

c u s to m e r s ’ a cco u n ts
u n d er

o f

a ccu m u la te d

la r g e

set

k e e p in g .

a p p lica tio n

a

and

and

p r e p a r e d

and

a u to m a tica lly

in v o lv e s

p r e p a r e d

b ills

o f a

the

set

-

b o o k k e e p in g

r e c o r d s

b a la n ce
B

a

b a s ic

o f

in

C la s s

w h ich

in

p r o p e r

b e

b illin g

e t c . ,

in te rn a lly

U su a lly

o r

w h ich

to

o r d e r s ,

sh ip p in g

m a y

a

B u rro u g h s ,

m a ch in e s )

etc.

and

o p e r a tio n

-

F is h e r ,

p u rch a s e

m e m o r a n d a ,

e x te n s io n s ,

m a c h in e .

m a c h in e )

E llio tt

c u s t o m e r s ’

p r e d e te r m in e d

n e c e s s a r y

(b illin g

H o p k in s,

c o m b in a tio n

in v o ic e s

o f

m a c h in e

K eep s

e x p e r ie n c e

r e p o r ts ,
B ille r ,

-

and

O P E R A T O R

v o u c h e r s ,

ban k

g e n e ra l

a cco u n ts ;

le d g e r s .

a ccou n tin g

an d

w ith ­

w h ich

the

tra n s a ctio n s.

tio n a l

b a s is

m o r e

su ch

T h is

b o o k k e e p in g
ro u tin e

a m o n g

as

e n te rin g

jo b

one

s im p le

v o u c h e r s

p o stin g

in

s u b s id ia r y

d oes

not

p r in c ip le s

a ccou n tin g

s e v e r a l

p e r fo r m s

p o stin g

w o rk

w o r k e r s .

or

v o u ch e r
le d g e r s

re q u ire

but
is

is

m o r e

jo u rn a l

a

fou n d

ro u tin e

v o u c h e r s ,
r e g is te r s ;
co n tr o lle d

k n ow led g e

of

in

in

su b d iv id ed

o ffic e s
on

a

fu n c­

20

C L E R K ,

K E Y -P U N C H

F IL E
C la ss

s y s te m .
m a y
in

A

-

R e s p o n s ib le

C la s s ifie s

a ls o

file

in

fo r

m a te r ia l.

w ith

file s

the

m a in ta in in g

in d ex es

th is

co n ju n ctio n

m a te r ia l

and

o r

file s .

M a y

k e e p

s u p e rv is e

M a y

an

e s ta b lis h e d

c o r r e s p o n d e n c e

oth er

r e c o r d s

oth e rs

p e r fo r m

o r

in

o f

v a rio u s

filin g

in cid e n ta l

and

U n der

filin g

m a te r ia l;
typ es

loca tin g

c le r ic a l

d u ties.

b ilitie s ,
b y

p u n ch in g

u sin g

C la ss

B

-

a lre a d y

te ria l

in

P e r fo r m s

b een

the

ro u tin e

c la s s ifie d ,

file s .

M a y

or

filin g ,

lo ca te s

p e r fo r m

u su a lly

o r

of

a s s is ts

in cid e n ta l

m a te r ia l

c le r ic a l

that

lo ca tin g

in

an

w ritte n

M a y

g e n e ra l

r e c o r d s
a

s e r ie s

d ev ice

v e r ify

ow n

O F F IC E

d u ties.

B O Y

o p era tin g
and

m a il,

p h on e,

fo llo w in g :
lis tin g
o f

of

p r ic e s

to

to

be

up

sh eet;

of

fo llo w

o r d e r s

the

in v o lv e

o r d e r ;

M a y

c h e ck

c u s to m e r ,

up

o r d e r s

r e c e iv e d ,

m a te r ia l

c u s to m e r s ;

d istrib u tin g

fille d .

ra tin g

fo r

D u tie s

to

m a k e

o r d e r

cre d it

c u s to m e r s ,
file

p e r s o n a lly .

ite m s
on

p a rtm en ts
m in e

o r

Q u o tin g

th e

ite m s

c u s t o m e r s 1 o r d e r s

and

any

ch eck in g
o r d e r

w ith

see

ch e ck

out

an

p r ic e s

sh eets

c r e d it

that

m e r ch a n d is e

co m b in a tio n

m a k in g

a ck n o w le d g e

to

o r

to

th ey

sh ip p in g

o f

o r d e r
and

the

to

d e ­

d e te r ­

O R

m e n ts

fo r

fille d ,

k eep

d e n tia l

data

on

the

p a y ro ll

out

on

sh eet,

tim e ,

w a g e s

tim e

pay

w ith

o rig in a l

and

fo r

M a y

in v o lv e :

r e c o r d s ;
su ch

as

in s u ra n ce ,

a s s is t

a

e n ters

an d

the

C a lcu la tin g

p o stin g

du ty

is

co m p u ta tio n s.
oth er

C o m p to m e te r

ta k in g

type

bu t,

of

to

and

m in o r

s ib ilitie s ,

not

p leted

oth er

s e c r e ta ria l
e x ecu tiv e

phon e

as

or

o r

p r e p a r e

the

r e c e iv in g

su ch

o f

as

s e a le r s

u sin g

p u n ch

ru n n in g

o r

c le r ic a l

c le r ic a l

the

c a r d s .

e r r a n d s ,

m a ile r s ,

op en in g

w o rk .

w ritin g

ro u tin e

r e c o r d e d

o r

re p o rts

o r

m a c h in e

o ffic e ;

on

on

a

in

o r

c o n fi­

in itia tiv e ;

u se d )

e ith e r

tr a n s c r ib in g

tr a n s c r ib in g

in fo r m a tio n

an

a p p o in t­

a n s w e rin g

ow n

n ot

and

m e m o r a n d a fo r

s u p e r io r

im p o rta n t

is

m a c h in e ,

r e p r o d u c e d

a

m a k in g

in to

an d

c o r r e s p o n d e n c e

s im ila r

in fo rm a tio n

s p e cia l

fo r

in clu d e

c o m in g

p e r s o n a l

tr a n s c r ib in g

sten otyp e

d u ties

D u tie s

p e o p le

h a n d lin g

(w h ere

b y

an d

p o s itio n .

ca lls;

and

total

in

n a m e ,

ca lcu la tin g

data

w o rk in g

of

in

oth er

eith e r

in

n o r m a l

due.

up

M a y

in

d ic ta ­

m a c h in e .

o f s u p e r io r .

G E N E R A L

d is ­

file s

du ty

sh orth an d

ro u tin e

w r ite r .

and

w a g e s

m a k in g

P r im a r y

w o r k e r s 1

M ay

in

a ls o

jo b

c le r k ,

w h ich ,

a

C o m p to m e te r

is

n ot

to

w h ich

u se

o f

be

m a y
th is

to

p e r fo r m

co n fu s e d
in v olv e

m a th e ­

w ith

type

of

e ith e r

u se

of

v a r ie d

in cid e n ta l

to

freq u en t

m a ch in e

is

d u ties.

in

tech n ica l

r e p o r ts

on

du ty

file s

O P E R A T O R

(M IM E O G R A P H

O R

g e n e ra l

r e p r o d u c e s

u sin g

a

su ch

o r

m u ltip le

m im e o g r a p h

as

r e q u ir e d
s te n cils

s u p e r v is io n

fo r

to

in k

an d

p r e p a r e

d itto

m a te r ia l.




or

c o p ie s
d itto

p a p er

ste n cil

m a s t e r s .

and

w ith
o f

n o

fe e d
o r

M a y

cou n ter

d itto
s o r t,

or

M a k e s
an d

m a s t e r .
c o lla te ,

h a n d w ritin g

cy lin d e r

and

tr a n s c r ib e
c o p y .

r e c o r d s ,

(see

fr o m

on e

s im ila r
th is

M a y

e tc .

o r

m o r e

m a c h in e ,
d icta tion
a ls o

D o e s

set
n ot

tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e

p e r s o n s ,

in v o lv in g
on

up

a

an d

in clu d e

a

ty p e ­
k e e p
tr a n ­

o p e r a to r ).

is

to

b y

take

o r d e r ,

type

an d

fr o m

k eep

o r

s im p le

to

fr o m

on e

s im ila r

v o c a b u la r y

r e s e a r c h

a ls o

d icta tio n

sten oty p e

su ch

as

tr a n s c r ib e

w ritte n

co p y .

r e c o r d s ,

o r

m o r e

m a c h in e ,
in

le g a l

th is

M a y

e tc.

p e r s o n s ,

in v o lv in g
b r ie fs

d icta tion
a ls o

D o e s

set

on

up

n ot

a
o r
a

an d

in clu d e

w o r k .

O P E R A T O R

r e s p o n ­

n e c e s s a r y

M a y

o r

D IT T O )

s u p e r v is o r y

ty p ew ritten

m a c h in e .

to

w ritte n

s p e c ia liz e d

s cie n tific

in

and

fr o m

o r

or

M a y

d icta tio n

T E C H N IC A L

sh orth an d

ty p e w rite r .

take

sten oty p e

s im p le

w o rk

P r im a r y

that

to

b y

k eep

s c r ib in g -m a c h in e

m a c h in e .

is

or

v o ca b u la ry ,

o r d e r ,

S W IT C H B O A R D
U n der

Is

d u tie s

m a il,

S T E N O G R A P H E R ,

o p e ra te

T h is

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E

u se d

ro u tin e

su ch

tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e

ju stm e n t

file s

fo llo w in g

b y

o th e r s .

m a c h in e s

d icta tion

k e e p

m a tte r,

m a c h in e ,
c a r d s

c a r d s

s e q u e n c e ,

n e c e s ­

c a lcu la te d

w o r k e r ^

p a y m a s te r

u se

and

O P E R A T O R

P r im a r y

p e r fo r m a n c e

D u tie s

in fo rm a tio n

e n v e lo p e s .

or

e m p lo y e e s

p ro d u ctio n

d ed u ction s

ch e ck s

C O M P T O M E T E R

sta tis tica l

co m p a n y

s h e e ts.
o r

s h o w in g

ra te ,
p a y

o f

p a y r o ll

b a s e d

trib u tin g

a

s p e c ifie d

d u p lica te
K eep s

r e s p o n s i­

ta b u la tin g

P A Y R O L L

ea rn in g s

m a tic a l

o f

a

k e y -p u n c h

M a y

m a c h in e .

w o rk

v a rio u s

S T E N O G R A P H E R ,

d a y s,

n u m e r ica l

o ffice

o r

m a il,

sh orth a n d

C om p u te s

m a k e

or

s u p e rio r;

m a k in g

tio n

on

in

c a r d s

on

G IR L

P e r fo r m s
a d m in istra tiv e

and

b e e n

m in o r

M a y

s a ry

the

in

to

s u p e r v is o r y

data

r e c o r d s .

atta ch ed

n o

S E C R E T A R Y

fr o m

o r d e r s .

C L E R K ,

a

w ith

sh eet

o r d e r s

o f

in v o ice s

or
on

w o rk

d istrib u tin g

q u a n titie s

d ep a rtm en t

h a v e

h o le s

an d

s ta tis tica l

b y

r e s p e c tiv e

r e c e ip t

and

m a ­

O R D E R
R e c e iv e s

of

a lp h a b e tica l

P e r fo r m s
C L E R K ,

s u p e r v is io n

a ccou n tin g

in fo rm a tio n

d u p lica tin g

has

O P E R A T O R

k eep
sta p le

a d ­

O p era tes
D u tie s

sp e e d .

c a lls .

file

m a tio n

of

c o m ­

F o r

in v o lv e
M a y
to

re ce p tio n is t.

s in g le -

r e c o r d

p e r s o n s

w o r k e r s

a

h a n d lin g

w h o

to ll

w h o
a ls o

o r

m u ltip le -p o s itio n

in c o m in g ,
ca lls

ca ll
a ct

an d

in ,
as

o r

ou tg o in g ,
take

te le p h o n e

an d

m e s s a g e s .

o c c a s io n a lly

r e c e p tio n is ts

s e e

s w itch b o a rd .

in tra p la n t

take

M a y

o r

g iv e

te le p h o n e

s w itc h b o a r d

o ffic e
in fo r ­

o r d e r s .

o p e r a t o r -

21

S W IT C H B O A R D

In
tio n

o r

type

a d d itio n

to

p e r fo r m in g

m o n ito r -ty p e

o r

p e r fo r m

T h is

ty p in g

tim e

o r

w h ile

d u ties

s w itc h b o a r d ,

ro u tin e

c le r ic a l

at

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

c le r ic a l

w o r k

m a y

of

a cts
w o rk

take

o p e r a to r ,

as
as

the

on

a

re ce p tio n is t
part

m a jo r

of

s in g le

and

re g u la r

p a rt

o f

p o s i­

m a y

th is

a ls o

in clu d e d .
o r

A

s im ila r

w o r k e r

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

O p e ra te s

s im p le

o r

on

o p e r a te

a u to m a tica lly

g r o u p s

o f

a n a ly z e s

ta b u la tin g

fo r m s

o r

a cco u n tin g

r e c o r d s ;

w irin g

o f

p lu g b o a rd s

ca rd s

a c c o r d in g

d ia g r a m s ;

m a c h in e .

in

that

p la c e s

M a y

file

c a r d s

to

c a r d s

a u x ilia ry

b e

ta b u la ted

a fte r

th ey

out

M a y

O P E R A T O R

m a c h in e

p u n ch ed

d o e s

a re

sets

in

an d

o r

to

and

tra n sla te s

p rin ts

a d ju sts

m a g a z in e

ta b u la ted .

M a y ,

trib u tin g

C la ss

an d

sta rts

in g
and

a d d itio n ,

fr o m
v a r ie d

fo rm ity
G E N E R A L

fin a l

P r im a r y

fr o m

s c r ib in g
la r y

duty

w ritte n

as

is

to

fr o m

an d

d o

in v o lv in g

le g a l

tr a n s c r ib e

d icta tion

tr a n s c r ib in g

c o p y

d icta tion

su ch

b r ie fs

a

sim p le
v a r ie d

o r

m a ch in e
c le r ic a l

te ch n ica l

r e p o r ts

on

in v o lv in g

a

r e c o r d s .

D R A F T S M A N ,

w ork .
or

W o r k e r s

s p e c ia liz e d

s cie n tific

p o s e s .
p a r e
u n d er

U ses

d ra w in g s

s c a le

fo r

v a r io u s
fr o m
o f

u n its

o r

p a rts

e n g in e e r in g ,
ty p es

s im p le
a

o f

of

d ra w in g s

co n s tru ctio n ,

C la ss
fr o m

v o c a b u ­

r e s e a r c h

d ra ftin g

p la n s

o r

p r e p a r e d

o r

a re

b y

as

r e q u ire d .

s k e tch e s,

o r

p e r fo r m

lim in a r y

o f

M a y
oth er

p u r ­

co p y in g

a n d

and

d ir e c ts

a

fo r

in v o lv e

p r o c e d u r e s ;
p e r fo r m in g

s k e tc h e s ,
a s s ig n in g
m o r e

and

a

of

d eta il

e n g in e e r in g ,

w ritte n
to

o r

one

o f

v e rb a l

su b o rd in a te s

p r o b le m s .

or

d ra w in g s

m o r e
fro m

c o n s tru ctio n ,

co m b in a tio n

d u ties

d ifficu lt




an d

M a y

the

o r

in

p r e ­

In te rp re tin g

d e te rm in in g

in s p e ctin g

a s s is t

o r

m a n u fa ctu rin g

fo llo w in g :

o r d e r s ;
and

d ra fts m e n
rou g h

th eir

su b ord in a tes

o r

m a te ria l

by

an oth er

tra in in g ,

re p o r ts

of

rou g h

or

su ch

or

to

p e rs o n .
as

s o rtin g

an d

the

k e e p ­

and

in v o lv e d
th ere

u n u su al

w o rd s

fr o m

sta tistica l

in

sp a cin g ;
ro u tin e

fo llo w in g :

and
w h ich

in

m a te r ia l

type

M a y

m o r e

c o p y

c o m p lic a te d

b a la n ce

B

-

P e r fo r m s
c le a r

p o lic ie s ,

m o r e

on e

o r

e t c . ;

c o m p le x

L E A D E R

o r

as

s u p e r v is o r y

D R A F T S M A N ,

d is ­

is

or

ta b les

ta b les

fo r m

le tte r s ,

a

c o p y ­

freq u en t

fr o m

to

T y p in g

d ra ft;

s e v e r a l

ty p in g

o r

ty p ed

m o r e

o f

d ra fts;

s e ttin g

ta b le s

a

o r

-

fo re ig n -

s o u r c e s ,
m a in ta in

fro m

rou gh

v a ry in g

or
u n i­

d ra ft

d e ta ils

in
to

up

s im p le

a lr e a d y

the

fo llo w in g :

ro u tin e

set

ty p in g

stan d ard
up

and

T y p in g

of

fo r m s ,

ta b u la tion s,

sp a ce d

or

p r o p e r ly .

C on tin u ed

re g u la r

a s s ig n m e n t,

a d m in istra tiv e

o r

p e r fo r m

re la te d

d u ties

n a tu re.

SE N IO R

P r e p a r e s
rou g h

a ctiv itie s

p la n s

v a rio u s

m a d e

s p e c ia l
an d

v e r y

te ch n ica l

o f

w o rk in g

d e ta ile d

s k e tch e s

o r

p u r p o s e s .

P r e p a rin g

D u tie s

b lu e p r in ts ,

sten otype

T e c h n i c a l

d u tie s

L E A D E R

s k e tch e s

p u r p o s e s .

b y

p r e ­

d r a fts m a n .

w o rk in g

one

fr o m

co m b in in g

re la tiv e ly

in su ra n ce

not

w o rk in g

to
P la n s

of

b e e n

little

c o r r e c t e d

o f

fa ctu rin g

p r e p a r a tio n

or

g en era l.

d r a fts ­

m a n u fa ctu rin g

to o ls

fo r m
o r

u se

and

e m e r g e n c ie s

to

c o p ie s

h ave

r e c o r d s

P e r fo r m s

p la in

D R A F T S M A N ,

d ir e c tio n

D R A F T S M A N ,

sh orth an d

c ir c u m s ta n c e s .

a ls o
tr a n ­

of
D ra w s

-

fin a l

la you t

d ra fts m a n )

o th ers

m a k e

in v o lv in g
filin g

co p y ;

JU N IO R

(A s s ista n t

o r

in

ste n o g ra p h e r,

n o r m a l

M a y

P r o f e s s i o n a l

m a n

a

m a il.

fo r m .

su it

v o c a b u la r y

A
in

la n g u a g e

O P E R A T O R ,

w o rk

in co m in g

to

c a lcu la tio n s

r e c o r d s ,

m a te r ia l

m a c h in e s .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

typ e

as

tr a n s ­

p r a c tic e

in

ty p e w rite r
a fter

c le r ic a l

sim p le

m a ch in e ;

e s ta b lis h e d

fe e d

do

a

b ills

p la n n in g

ro u tin e

d icta tion

C on tin u ed

T Y P IS T

in g

data

ta k es

c la s s ifie d

-

s w itc h b o a r d .
U ses

in fo r m a tio n

is

G E N E R A L

d u ties.

w o r k e r ’s

m a k e

la ted

w h o

m a ch in e

O P E R A T O R ,

w o rk
w o rk ;
d u rin g

s c a le

tio n s

b y

su ch

tr u s s e s ;
to

be

o f

as

u se d ,

ch a n g es

on

p e n cil

and
in

D u tie s

p la n s ,

d ra w in g s,

d ra w in g s.

a r c h ite c tu r a l,

in v o lv e d

q u a n titie s;
or

is

e le c t r ic a l,

a

in

w ritin g

m a p s ,
m a k in g

stren gth

w o r k ,

d ra w in g s

of

ch e ck in g

fre q u e n tly
m e c h a n ic a l,

M a y

u n its
in
o r

a

o f

of

o r

the

n otes,
m a n u ­

fo llo w in g :

c r o s s -s e c t io n s ,
en g in eerin g

m a te r ia ls ,

in k

m a k in g
in

s p e c ia liz e d
stru ctu ra l

,

and

m a te ria ls

a d ju stm en ts

lin e s

co m p le te

etc.

co m p u ta ­

b e a m s

d im e n s io n s,

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

d eta il

fr o m

co n s tru ctio n ,

co m b in a tio n

d ra w in g s ,

s p e c ific a tio n s .

p r e p a r e

W o rk

d eta il

in stru m e n ts;

c o m p le te d

d ra w in g s

and

e n g in e e rin g ,

in v o lv e

d eta il

d ra ftin g

th ose

v e rify in g

o r

tr a c e

u se

p la n s
fo r

and

letters

d ra w in g s ,
fie ld

d ra ftin g .

su ch

or
as

22

N U RS E ,

NURSE,

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G I S T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e to i l l o r i n ju r e d
e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e il l o r s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t on
the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e sta b lish m en t®
D u ties in v o lv e a
c o m b i n a t io n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id to the i l l o r in ju r e d ;
attending to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s 1 i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a tients t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r
oth e r p u r p o s e s ; c o n d u c t in g p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t io n s and h e a lth e v a lu a t i o n s
o f a p p lica n ts and e m p l o y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s
in v o lv in g h ea lth e d u c a t io n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a t i o n o f plant

Maintenance

CARPENTER,

M AIN TEN AN CE

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and
m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t su ch as b i n s ,
c r ib s , cou n ters, b e n c h e s , p a rtitio n s, d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s ,
and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in volves m o st of
the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w ­
in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ’s
h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ;
m a k in g sta n d a rd sh op c o m p u t a t i o n s r e la t in g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ;
s e le c t in g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f
the m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e
u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n ­
ing and e x p e r i e n c e .

E LECTRICIAN ,

M A IN TEN AN CE

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s su ch as the
in s t a l la t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r the g e n e r a t i n g ,
d is t r ib u t io n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : In sta llin g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f
a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s ,
s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h ea tin g
units,
con duit s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k i n g f r o m b l u e ­
p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , la y o u t , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d i a g ­
n o sin g t r o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k i n g s ta n d a r d
c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l
eq u ip m en t; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ’ s h a n d t o o ls and m e a s u r i n g
and te stin g i n s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c ­
q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and
ex p erien ce.



IN D U S T R IA L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) -

e n v ir o n m e n t , o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s
s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l .

C o n t in u e d

affectin g

the

h e a lth ,

w elfa re,

and

TRACER
C o p i e s p la n s and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s , b y p l a c i n g
t r a c i n g clo th o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w i n g and t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
U s e s T - s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , and o t h e r d r a ft i n g t o o l s .
M ay prepare
s i m p l e d ra w in g s and do s i m p l e l e t t e r i n g .

nd

Powerplant

ENGINEER,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s and m a in t a in s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n
o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p ­
p ly the e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t , r e f r i g e r a ­
tion, o r a ir-co n d itio n in g .
W o r k i n v o l v e s : O p e r a t in g and m a i n t a in in g
e q u ip m e n t such as s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o ­
t o r s , t u r b i n e s , ve n tila tin g and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s
and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; k e e p in g a
r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p ­
tion. M ay a ls o su p erv ise these o p e r a tio n s . Head o r c h ie f e n g in e e rs
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than on e e n g i n e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

STATION AR Y B O IL ER

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n i s h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h
e m p l o y e d with h e a t, p o w e r , o r s t e a m .
F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y hand
or op erates a m ech a n ica l sto k e r, g a s, or oil b u rn e r; ch eck s w a ter
and s a fe t y v a l v e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m eq u ip m e n t.
HELPER,

TRADES,

M A IN TEN AN CE

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e
t r a d e s , by p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u ch
a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c le a n i n g w o r k ­
ing a r e a , m a c h i n e , and e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g w o r k e r b y h o ld in g m a ­
t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k i l l e d ta s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y j o u r ­
n e y m a n . The k in d o f w o r k the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s
f r o m tra d e to tr a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s the h e l p e r is c o n f i n e d to s u p ­
p l y i n g , liftin g , and h old in g m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s and c le a n i n g w o r k i n g
a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e
o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s
on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .

23
M A C H IN E -TO O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c i a l i z e s in the o p e r a t i o n o f one o r m o r e ty p e s o f m a c h i n e
t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s , c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e
l a t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s in the c o n s t r u c t i o n o f m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in i n g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g
i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d se tu p s o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t ­
m e n t s d u rin g o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d i m e n s i o n s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , to d r e s s t o o l s ,
a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s and cutting and l u b r i c a t in g o i l s .
For
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m ,
in t o o l and d ie jo b b i n g s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

M A CH IN IST,

M E CH A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h ­
m ent.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E xa m in in g m a c h in e s
and m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d ism a n tlin g
o r p a r t l y d is m a n t lin g m a c h i n e s an d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y
in v o l v e the u s e o f h a n d t o o ls in s c r a p i n g and fitting p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r i n g the
p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h i n e shop o r sending o f
the m a c h i n e to a m a c h i n e sh op f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w ritte n
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p r o d u c t i o n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d
f r o m m a c h i n e shop; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k in g a ll n e c e s s a r y
a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n ce
m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d
t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
E x c l u d e d f r o m this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duties
in v o l v e settin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h i n e s .

M A IN T E N A N C E
M IL L W R IG H T

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and new p a r ts in m a k in g r e p a i r s
o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : In te rp re tin g w r i t t e n i n s t r u c ­
t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; pla n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a ­
r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t s h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ;
s e tt in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e t a l
p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t ­
ing to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s and s p e e d s o f m a c h in i n g ;
k n o w l e d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g
s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ; fitting
a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l , the
m a c h i n i s t s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tra in in g in m a c h i n e sh o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

In s ta lls new m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t and d is m a n t le s and
in s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in the plant l a y ­
out a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Planning and
la y in g out o f the w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b lu e p r i n t s o r oth e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u sin g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls and r i g g i n g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop c o m ­
p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g th o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f
g r a v i t y ; alin in g and b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g sta n d a rd t o o l s ,
e q u ip m e n t , and p a r t s to b e u s e d ; in s t a l li n g and m a inta in in g in g o o d
o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su ch a s d r i v e s and s p e e d r e ­
d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ^ w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a rou n d ed
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

O IL E R

M E CH A N IC , A U T O M O TIV E

(M A IN T E N A N C E )

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f
an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g
a u t o m o t i v e e q u ip m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g
e q u ip m e n t and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that in v o lv e the u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s ­
a s s e m b l i n g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m
s t o c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and in s t a l li n g the
v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ;
a li n in g w h e e l s , a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s and li g h t s , o r tightening b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the a u t o m o t iv e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
tr a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e ­
ship o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .



su rfaces

L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e , the m o v i n g p a rts o r w e a r i n g
o f m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .

P AIN TER ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and fi x t u r e s o f an
e sta b lish m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s the fo l l o w i n g :
K n ow led g e o f s u r f a c e
p e c u l i a r i t i e s and ty p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d if f e r e n t a p p li c a t io n s ;
p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in ting b y r e m o v i n g o l d fin is h o r b y p la c in g
putty o r f i l l e r in n ail h o l e s and i n t e r s t i c e s ; a p p ly in g paint with s p r a y
gun o r b r u s h .
M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite l e a d , and o th e r paint
i n g r e d i e n t s to obtain p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , the
w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p a in t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tra inin g and e x ­
p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a ­
len t tra in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

24

P IP E F IT T E R ,

S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER,

M AIN TEN AN CE

In sta lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f p ip e
and p ip e fittin g s in an e sta b lish m en t® W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l ­
l o w i n g : L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e
f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cutting v a r i o u s s i z e s
o f pipe to c o r r e c t len g th s w ith c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e
t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e ; t h r e a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d i e s ;
bending pipe b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
pipe with c o u p lin g s and fa s t e n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d
shop c o m p u ta ti o n s r e la t in g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f p ip e r e ­
q u ir e d ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e th e r f i n i s h e d p i p e s m e e t
sp ecifica tion s.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tra in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a
f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s
p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g and r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g sa n ita t io n o r
heating s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T EN AN CE

K e e p s the p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r .
W o r k i n v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g in s t a l l a t i o n o f
v en ts and t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s ta llin g o r r e p a i r i n g p i p e s and
fi x t u r e s ; op e n in g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r ^ sn a k e .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p l u m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
tra in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e ­
ship o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER,

M A IN TEN AN CE

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a i n t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r the s h e e t m e t a l eq u ip m e n t and f i x t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h i n e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s ,
s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f i n g )
o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g

C u s t o dial

ELEVATOR

OPERATOR,

and

T r a n s p o r t s p a s s e n g e r s b e t w e e n f l o o r s o f an o f f i c e b u il d i n g ,
a p a r tm e n t h o u s e , d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e , h o t e l o r s i m i l a r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k e r s w h o o p e r a t e e l e v a t o r s in c o n ju n c t i o n w ith o t h e r d u tie s su ch
as th o se o f s t a r t e r s and j a n i t o r s a r e e x c l u d e d .
GUARD
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r at f i x e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a in t a in in g o r d e r ,
u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . In ­
c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at gate and c h e c k on id e n tity o f
e m p l o y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .



-

C o n tin u e d

and la y in g out a ll ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e ­
p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g a ll
a v a il a b le ty p es o f s h e e t - m e t a l - w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f
h a n d t o o ls in cu ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f ittin g , and a s s e m ­
b li n g ; in sta llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d .
In g e n e r a l , the
w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a i n i n g
and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t tra inin g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
( D i e m a k e r ; ji g

m aker; toolm aker;

fixture

m a k e r; gauge

m aker)

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x ­
t u r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g i n g s , p u n ch in g and o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k
f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l and w r i t t e n s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ; settin g up and o p e r a t i n g o f m a c h i n e t o o l s
and r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e la t in g
to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , an d t o o l in g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u rin g f a b r i c a t i o n a s w e l l a s o f f i n i s h e d t o o l s
and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k i n g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fitting and a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a l l o w ­
a n c e s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s .
In
g e n e r a l , the t o o l and die m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g
in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a
f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

in t o o l

Material

PASSENGER

M A IN T E N A N C E

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t o o l and die m a k e r s
and die jo b b in g s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

Movement

JA N ITO R ,

PORTER,

OR C L E A N E R

(S w e e p e r ; c h a r w o m a n ; j a n i t r e s s )
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g
a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e ,
o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b i n a t i o n
o f the f o l l o w i n g : S w e e p in g , m o p p i n g o r s c r u b b i n g , and p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ;
r e m o v i n g c h i p s , t r a s h , and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u stin g e q u i p m e n t , f u r n i t u r e ,
o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p l i e s
and m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; c l e a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and
r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w i n d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .

25
LABORER,

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K - C on tin u ed

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r and u n l o a d e r ; h a n d l e r and s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ;
s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e h o u s e m a n or w a r e h o u s e h e l p e r )

o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d g o o d s ;
r o u tin g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; m a in ta in in g
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t,
s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t w h o s e duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f
the f o l l o w i n g : L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n ­
d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ;
u n p a c k i n g , s h e l v i n g , o r p l a c i n g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r
s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e b y hand t r u c k ,
c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho l o a d and u n lo a d sh ip s a r e
ex clu d ed .

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

R eceivin g cle r k
Shipping c l e r k
Shipping and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

TRU CK D R IVE R
ORDER

FIL LE R

(O rd er p ic k e r ;

stock s e le c t o r ; warehouse

stockm an)

F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fi n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m
s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e with s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s ,
c u s t o m e r s 1 o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d itio n to f illin g
o r d e r s and in d ic a t in g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t­
g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i s i t i o n a d d it i o n a l s t o c k , o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s
to s u p e r v i s o r , an d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u tie s .

PACKER,

D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s ty p es o f
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s su ch a s : M a n u f a c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e i g h t d e p o t s , w a r e ­
h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e and r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t s and c u s t o m e r s 1 h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s .
M ay also
l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith ou t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l
r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r . D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r -t h e - r o a d d riv e rs are e x clu d ed .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s iz e
and ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t , as f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh ou ld be r a te d
on the b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y . )

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r sh ip m en t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c i n g
t h e m in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g
d e p e n d e n t u p on the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to b e p a c k e d , the
ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t « W o r k r e q u i r e s
the p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o lv e one o r
m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r
to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e type and s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ;
i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to
p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a lin g c o n t a i n e r ; a p p ly in g
l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n t i fy in g data on c o n t a i n e r .
P a c k e r s who a lso
m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

T r u c k d r iv e r (com b in a tion o f s iz e s lis te d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d er \ l/z ton s")
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m (I V 2 to and in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , heavy (over 4 ton s, tr a ile r type)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r than t r a i l e r t y p e )

TRUCKER,

O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d
t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r i a l s o f a ll kinds about
a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K
truck,
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e ­
s p o n s i b l e f o r i n c o m i n g s h ip m e n t o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
S hipping w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n and r a t e s ; and p r e ­
p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b il ls o f la d i n g , p o s t ­
ing w e i g h t and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and k e e p in g a file o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t .
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d ir e c t in g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g
the c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h i p m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r



POWER

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y type o f
as fo llo w s:
Trucker,
Trucker,

pow er (forklift)
p o w e r (o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

WATCHMAN
M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g p r o p e r t y
a g a in s t f i r e , th e ft, and i l l e g a l e n t r y .
☆

U. S . G O VERNM EN T PR IN TIN G OFFICE

: 1956 O — 3 7 1 3 1 3


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102