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MEMPHIS, TENN.
FEBRUARY 1955

BLS

Bulletin No. 1172-9

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Aryness Joy Wickens, Acting Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




MEMPHIS, TENN.
February

1955

BuUetin No. 1172-9
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Aryness Joy Wickens, Acting Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

Price 20 cents

IN T R O D U C T IO N ___________________________________________________________________

I

TABLES:
O ccu p a tion a l ea rn in gs * A - 1 O ffice o ccu p a tio n s ______________________________
A - 2 P r o fe s s io n a l and te ch n ica l o ccu p a tion s _______
A - 3 M aintenance and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t io n s _____
A - 4 C u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t occu p a tion s

B:

E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry wage p r o v is io n s B - l Shift d iffe r e n tia l p r o v is io n s * ___________________________________
B - 2 M inim um en tra n ce ra te s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e rs ___________
B -3 F re q u e n cy o f w age p a y m e n t ________________________________
B - 4 S ch edu led w eek ly hou rs * _______________________________________
B - 5 P a id h olid a y p r o v is io n s * _______________________________________
B - 6 P a id v a ca tio n s * __________________________________________________

A P P E N D IX :

Job d e s c r ip tio n s ______ _____________________________________________

*N O T E : S im ila r tabu lation s (a ls o c o v e r in g health, in s u ra n ce ,
and p en sion plans) a re a v a ila b le in the M em phis a re a r e p o r t s
fo r N o v e m b e r 1951, January 1953, and January 1954. The 1954
r e p o r t a lso p ro v id e s tabu lation s o f w age stru ctu re c h a r a c t e r ­
is t ic s , la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n ts , and o v e rtim e pay p r o v i­
s io n s . A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g date o f study and the p r ic e o f the
r e p o r t s , as w e ll as r e p o r ts fo r oth er m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le
upon r e q u e s t.
Union s c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re a ls o
a v a ila b le fo r the fo llo w in g tra d e s o r in d u strie s: B u ildin g c o n ­
s tru c tio n , p rin tin g , lo c a l tra n sit op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o ­
to r tr u c k d r iv e r s .
ii

vO

A:

co in




Page

9
10
11
11
12
13

15

OCCUPATIONAL

WAGE

SURVEY

TENN.

*

Data a r e sh ow n fo r fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ire d
to w o r k a fu ll-t im e sch e d u le fo r the giv en o ccu p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e p r e m iu m pay f o r o vertim e and fo r
w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s . N on p rod u ction b o ­
n u se s a r e a ls o e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s and in cen tive
e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h ere w e e k ly h o u rs a r e r e p o r te d , as fo r
o ff ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the w ork sch ed u les
(ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf-h o u r ) f o r w h ich s tr a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s
a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th ese o ccu p a tio n s have b e e n
ro u n d ed to the n e a r e s t 50 c e n ts .

Introduction
The M e m p h is a r e a is on e o f s e v e r a l im p o rta n t in d u s tr ia l
c e n t e r s in w h ich the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s has co n d u c te d
s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la te d w age b e n e fits on
an a r e a w id e b a s i s .
In e a c h a r e a , data a re ob ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l
v is it s o f B u r e a u fie ld a gen ts to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in 6 b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o r ta tio n
(e x c lu d in g r a il r o a d s ) , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ;
w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ;
and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in d u s tr y g rou p s e x clu d e d f r o m th e se stu d ie s
a r e g o v e r n m e n t in s titu tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e
in d u s t r ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m ­
b e r o f w o r k e r s w e r e a ls o o m itte d s in c e they fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n . *
1
W h e r e v e r p o s s ib l e , s e p a r a te tab u la tion s a r e p r o v id e d f o r the
in d iv id u a l b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e f e r to the total in
a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the stu dy and not to the
n u m b er a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in occu p a tio n a l
s tr u c tu r e am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f occu p a tio n a l
e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lish m e n ts stu died
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do not m a te r ia lly
a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a rn in g s d ata.

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cte d on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e
o f the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ,
and to e n s u r e p r o m p t p u b lic a tio n o f r e s u lts .
T o ob ta in a p p r o ­
p r ia t e a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r tio n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied . In c o m b in in g the d ata,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t.
E s tim a te s a r e p r e s e n t e d t h e r e fo r e as re la tin g to a ll e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in the in d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a , but not to th o se b e lo w
the m in im u m s iz e s tu d ie d . 2

E sta b lish m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry
W age P r o v is io n s
In fo r m a tio n is a ls o p r e s e n te d on s e le c t e d e sta b lish m en t
p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits as th ey r e la te to o ffic e and
p lan t w o r k e r s .
The t e r m , n o ff ic e w o r k e r s ” , as used in this
b u lle tin in c lu d e s a ll o ff ic e c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s and e x clu d e s a d ­
m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l p e r s o n n e l.
"P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m e n and tr a in e e s ) en ga g ed in n o n o ffic e
fu n c tio n s . A d m in is t r a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te ch n ica l
e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e a cco u n t c o n s tr u c tio n e m p lo y e e s who a re
u tiliz e d as a se p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d . C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s
and ro u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s trie s but a re
in clu d e d as plant w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .

O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
O ccu p a tio n a l c la s s ifi c a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f
jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a cco u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t
v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in the sa m e jo b (s e e A p p e n d ix f o r lis tin g
o f th e se d e s c r ip t io n s ) . E a rn in g s data a re p r e s e n te d fo r the f o l ­
lo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a tio n s : (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l
and t e c h n ic a l; (c) m a in te n a n ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l
and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t.

S h ift-d iffe r e n t ia l data a r e lim it e d to m a n u fa ctu rin g in ­
d u s t r ie s .
T h is in fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d b oth in te r m s o f (a)
e s ta b lis h m e n t p o l i c y 3 and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r o v is io n s fo r w o r k e r s

* T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u re a u 1s r e g io n a l o ff ic e
in A tla n ta , G a. , b y B e r n a r d J. F a h r e s under the d ir e c t io n
o f L o u is B . W o y ty c h , R e g io n a l W age and In d u stria l R e la tio n s
A n a ly s t.
1 S ee fo llo w in g ta b le fo r m in im u m -s iz e e s ta b lis h m e n t c o v ­
e r e d b y stu d y.
2 A n e x c e p t io n is m a d e in the tabu lation o f m in im u m e n ­
tr a n c e r a te s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s w h ich r e la t e s to p r o v is io n s
in e s ta b lis h m e n ts a c tu a lly stu d ied .




MEMPHIS,

3
A n e s ta b lis h m e n t was c o n s id e r e d as h avin g a p o lic y if it
m e t e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g c o n d itio n s :
( l ) O p era ted late sh ifts
at the tim e o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g
la te s h ift s .
(1)

2

a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on e x tr a sh ifts at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
T abu lation s re la tin g to e s ta b lis h m e n t p o lic y a r e p r e s e n te d in
te rm s o f tota l plant w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t; e s tim a te s in the s e c o n d
tabu lation r e la t e on ly to th o se w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the
s p e c ifie d sh ift.
S u p p le m e n ta ry p r a c t i c e s , o th e r than m in im u m e n tra n ce
ra tes fo r w o m e n o ff ic e w o r k e r s , and sh ift d iffe r e n t ia ls , a r e
tre a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is that th e se a r e p r o v id e d to a ll
w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o f f ic e s o r plan t d e p a rtm e n ts that o b s e r v e
the p r a c t ic e in q u e s tio n . 4 B e c a u s e o f v a ry in g e lig ib ilit y r e ­

4 S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs fo r o ff ic e w o r k e r s (f ir s t s e c tio n
o f table B -4 ) a r e p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w o m e n
o ffic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o ff ic e s w ith the in d ica te d w e e k ly h o u rs
fo r w om en w o r k e r s .

q u ir e m e n ts , the p r o p o r tio n a c tu a lly r e c e iv i n g the s p e c if ic b e n e fit s
m a y b e s m a lle r .
M o r e o v e r , a p r a c t i c e w as c o n s id e r e d as a p ­
p lic a b le to a ll o ff ic e o r plant w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t if it
a p p lie d to a m a jo r ity o f su ch w o r k e r s .
B e c a u s e o f rou n d in g ,
su m s o f in d ivid u a l ite m s in th ese ta b u la tion s do n o t n e c e s s a r i l y
eq u a l to ta ls .
The su m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p la n s is lim it e d to fo r m a l
a r r a n g e m e n ts , e x clu d in g in fo r m a l p lan s w h e r e b y tim e o f f w ith
pay is gra n ted at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r o r the s u p e r ­
v is o r .
S ep a ra te e s tim a te s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r
p r a c t ic e in com p u tin g v a ca tio n p a y m e n ts , s u ch as tim e p a y m e n ts,
p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , o r f l a t - s u m a m o u n ts.
H o w e v e r , in
the ta b u la tion s o f v a ca tio n a llo w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y ­
m en ts not on a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r t e d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m en t
o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the e q u iv a le n t
o f 1 w eek*s pay.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d ie d in M e m p h i s , T e n n . , 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , F e b r u a r y 1 95 5

M in im u m s i z e
e s t a b l is h m e n t
in s c o p e o f
s tu d y 2

In d u stry d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scope of
stu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

S t u d ie d

S t u d ie d
T o ta l3

O ffic e

P la n t

T o ta l3

_

51

409

132

7 5 ,8 0 0

1 0 ,9 0 0

5 3 ,6 0 0

4 3 ,7 3 0

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ________ _____ ______________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
c o m m u n ic a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s 4 __________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e __ __________________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ____________________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ____________________
S e r v i c e s 51 _____________________________________________________
5
4
3
2

51
51

157
252

50
82

3 7 ,0 0 0
3 8 ,8 0 0

3, 000
7 , 900

2 9 ,1 0 0
2 4 ,5 0 0

2 1 ,5 5 0
2 2 ,1 8 0

51
51
51
51
51

38
77
78
26
33

17
21
22
12
10

6 , 900
8, 300
1 3 ,3 0 0
3 ,7 0 0
6 , 600

894
*
*
*

4 , 421
*
*
❖
*

A ll d i v i s i o n s

___

_

.....................

*

5,
3,
8,
2,
3,

210
020
440
510
000

1 T h e M e m p h is M e t r o p o li t a n A r e a (S h e lb y C o u n ty ). T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in th is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d
c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . T h e e s t im a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t i n d i c e s to m e a s u r e e m ­
p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m s i z e l im i t a t i o n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e ,
a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , an d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d as o n e e s t a b l is h m e n t .
3 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , t e c h n i c a l , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e an d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
4 A l s o e x c l u d e s t a x i c a b s , a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n i n c lu d e d in e a r l i e r s t u d i e s .
5 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; r a d i o b r o a d c a s t i n g a n d t e l e v i s i o n ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g i n e e r ­
in g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
* T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in the S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t to j u s t i f y s e p a ­
ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f d a ta .




A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-1: Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n an a r e a b a s i s
in M e m p h is , T e n n 0 , b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , F e b r u a r y 19 5 5 )
Average
S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
Weekly U nder 3 0 . 0 0
Weekly
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard)
3 0 .0 0 u nd er
3 2 .5 0

$
3 2 .5 0

$
3 5 .0 0

$
3 7 .5 0

$
4 0 .0 0

$
4 2 .5 0

l
4 5 .0 0

s
$
$
4 7 .5 0 5 0 .0 0 5 2 .5 0

3 5 .0 0

3 7 .5 0

4 0 .0 0

4 2 .5 0

4 5 .0 0

4 7 .5 0

5 0 .0 0

5 2 .5 0

5 5 .0 0

$
$
5 5 .0 0 5 7 .5 0

%

$
6 2 .5 0

%
6 5 .0 0

$
s
s
$
7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0

%

6 0 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

S
9 5 .0 0
and

5 7 .5 0

6 2 .5 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

over

6 0 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

M en

152
63
89

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
7 9 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

-

-

~

"

88
73

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 1 .0 0
6 0 .5 0

-

"

-

110
91

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 3 .0 0
6 2 .0 0

-

“

-

31

4 0 .0

6 9 .5 0

72
51

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 2 .5 0
4 2 .0 0

-

13
13

8
4

9
8

3
3

8
6

9
2

51
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 2 .0 0
7 0 .5 0 -

-

*

-

-

-

-

2
2

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g
m a c h in e )
M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________

76
37
39

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 9 .0 0
5 1 .0 0
4 7 .5 0

_

_

_

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

3

6
4
2

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e ) _ .
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
___

40
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 4 .5 0
4 4 .5 0

1
1

_
-

2
2

3
3

1
1

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A _________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
____________

68
26
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 0 .0 0
5 8 .5 0
6 0 .5 0

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B
....
.
_
_ .
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________

434
70
364

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 6 .5 0
5 3 .5 0
4 5 .0 0

_
"

3
3

5
2
3

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s A
___________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________

206
67
139

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5

6 0 .5 0
6 3 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

-

-

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s A
M a n u fa c tu r in g •
____ _______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r ing

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s B
N o n m a n u fa c tu r ing

_
_

C l e r k s , o r d e r __________________________________
.....
.......... _
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

C l e r k s , p a y r o ll

O f f ic e b o y s
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
N o n m a n u fa c tu r ing

._ .

_
_

_ ......

_

4
4

7
7

-

5
5

10
8

-

3
2

-

1
1

3
3

3
3

1

-

-

~

-

1
1

1

-

~

_

17
3
14

3
2
1

6
3
3

13
5
8

10
7
3

25
14
11

8
2
6

17
8
9

34
*15
3 19

7
7

7
6

9
7

4
3

5
3

4
2

9
8

2

-

-

3
3

4
4

1
1

9
6

12
10

8
8

11
10

17
17

9
7

13
8

1
-

11
7

"

-

2
2

1

5
4
1

2
2

10

2

2

6

4

1

1

8
8

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

5
3

2

2

-

-

5
4

9
4

9
3

7
3

1
1

4
4

1
1

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

"

-

-

■

-

“

-

3

-

-

-

“

14
14

10
9

-

-

8
7

-

-

4
3

7
1
6

14
6
8

11
10
1

14
5
9

9
9

4
4

10
8

1
1

1
1

_

-

3
3

2

-

12
5
7

3
3

2

3
-

1

1

2
-

-

1
1

2

-

4
4

_
-

-

~

7
7

_

6
6

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

11
4
7

9
5
4

15
5
10

10
10

21
21

-

"

1
1

W om en

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e .




-

-

-

~

“

8
2
6

30
30

44
44

58
10
48

66
7
59

93
2
91

50
8
42

10
5
5

12
2
10

16
5
11

5
5

4
4

2

6

-

-

6

2
1
1

20
8
12

21
5
16

13
2
11

18
2
16

13
6
7

2

-

-

~

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

7
7

4
4

_
-

_
-

-

“

-

7
6
1

4
3
1

_
-

_
-

-

-

1
1

5
5

_
-

"

-

17
4
13

26
8
18

25
12
13

10
9
1

4

1
1

3
3

-

1
1

-

-

-

4

O c c u p a t io n a l W age S u r v e y , M e m p h is , T en n . , F e b r u a r y 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is tic s

Table A-l: Office O ccupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in M e m p h is , T e n n . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , F e b r u a r y 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

$
$
U n der 3 0 .0 0 3 2 .5 0
Weekly
Weekly
hours
earnings
$
(Standard) (Standard) 3 0 .0 0 u n d e r
3 2 .5 0 3 5 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
l
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
3 5 .0 0 3 7 .5 0 4 0 .0 0 4 2 .5 0 4 5 .0 0 4 7 .5 0 5 0 .0 0 5 2 .5 0 5 5 .0 0 5 7 .5 0 6 0 .0 0 6 2 .5 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0
and
“
“
“
“
"
“
~
■
"
~
“
“
"
3 7 .5 0

4 0 .0 0

4 2 .5 0 4 5 .0 0 4 7 .5 0

5 0 .0 0

5 2 .5 0 5 5 .0 0

5 7 .5 0 6 0 .0 0

6 2 .5 0 6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

over

Women - Continued
588
87
501

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

$
4 7 .5 0
5 3 .0 0
4 6 .5 0

C lerk s, file , cla ss A
Manufacturing ___
Nonmanufactur ing

63
27
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 7 .0 0
4 6 .5 0
4 7 .5 0

C lerk s, file , cla ss B
M a n u factu rin g___
Nonmanufacturing

298
38
260

4 0 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .5

C le rk s, ord er ______
M a n u fa ctu rin g___
Nonmanufactur ing

100
48
52

C lerk s, p ayroll _____
M a n u fa ctu rin g___
Nonmanufactur ing
C om ptom eter op era tors __________________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

C le rk s, accounting, cla s s B _
_
Manufacturing _______________
Nonmanufacturing ___________

6
6

4
_
4

4
_
4

19
19

60
_
60

84
7
77

61
10
51

99
99

45
10
35

49
21
28

20
5
15

56
14
42

21
7
14

37
4
33

9
3
6

4
3
1

6
2
4

_

_

_

4
4

1
_
1

9
2
7

1
_
1

3
2
1

4
_
4

1
_
1

2
2
-

_

-

5
_
5

_

-

5
4
1

2
2

-

24
10
14

.

-

2
1
1

-

-

-

3 9 .0 0
4 3 .5 0
3 8 .5 0

12
_
12

31

66
4
62

55

15
_
15

17
6
11

15

8

11
3

7

1
7

23
_
23

8

1
_
1

1
_
1

3
_
3

2

8

47

37
5
32

-

1
1
-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 9 .5 0
5 0 .0 0
4 9 .0 0

9
_

_

_

8

-

1

1?
6
12

6
1
5

14
5
9

12
11
1

7
1

1
1

-

5
_
5

4
4

-

14
4
10

8

_

-

~

“

7
_
7

-

202
105
97

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5

5 3 .0 0
5 5 .5 0
5 0 .5 0

1
_
1

4
_
4

_

18
12
6

20
12

12
4

7
7

8

8

8

23
16
7

_

8

9
2
7

34
26

2

9
_
9

17
9

-

11
11

8

270
71
199

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

4 8 .0 0
5 5 .0 0
4 5 .0 0

_

9
_
9

14
_
14

22
_
22

12
_
12

38
12
26

16
6
10

20
2
18

24
7
17

34
2
32

26
9
17

17
5
12

7
6
1

K ey-punch op era tors
Manufacturing ___
Nonmanufactur ing

94
39
55

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 0 .5 0
5 3 .0 0
4 8 .5 0

4
_
4

2
_
2

2
2

3
2
1

4
_
4

11
6
5

12
4

-

6
4
2

13
4
9

1
7

3
1
2 .

O ffice g ir ls _________
Nonm anufacturing

99
79

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 8 .5 0
3 9 .5 0

1
1

15
15

7
3

24
22

19
13

16
16

4
2

8

7

2
-

-

2
-

S e cre ta rie s ___________
M anufacturing ____
N onm anufacturing .
P ublic u tilities*

530
149
381
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 0 .5 0
6 4 .5 0
5 8 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

10

17

6

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

10

17

6

-

-

-

-

"

-

36
4
32
5

41
12
29
1

45
9
36
1

31

-

Stenographers, gen eral
M a n u fa ctu rin g______
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g__

602
246
356

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 1 .5 0
5 4 .5 0
4 9 .0 0

4

3

17

19

-

-

-

-

-

"

4

3

17

19

36
14
22

54
18
36

67
15
52

70
28
42

Switchboard op era tors
Nonm anufacturing

113
102

4 2 .0
4 2 .5

4 0 .0 0
3 8 .5 0

13
4 13

11
11

18
18

5
5

10

15
15

12
12

9
7

4
3

-

_

31

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .
♦ T r a n s p o r ta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .




8

3
1

8

8

-

7
7

2

1
1

1
1
-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
_
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

1
_
1

1
1
-

-

3
3

-

14
10
4

-

6
2
4

4
3
1

7
7

11
3

1
1

7
7

_

1
1

_

_

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
6
9

8

8

8

5
3

2
_
2

1
1
-

1
-

-

“

-

-

-

55
17
38
2

52
18
34

44
9
35

-

29
4
25
1

26
15
11
1

43
23
20
10

15

23
2

56
14
42
3

85
32
53

60
32
28

33
17
16

34
14
20

56
30
26

23
19
4

29
18
11

5
5

2
1
1

4
2
2

4
4

3

2
2

3

_
-

-

4
4

8

_

2
_
2

-

8

1
_
1

_

5

8

1

8

7

_

1
1

'

_
1

8

_

1
7

-

-

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

5

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in M e m p h is , T e n n . , b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , " F e b r u a r y 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Avekaqe
S ex,

oc cu p a tio n ,

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

6
s
$
*
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly U nder 3 0 . 00 3 2 . 50 3 5 . 00 3 7 . 50 4 0 . 00 4 2 . 50 4 5 . 00 4 7 . 50 5 0 . 00 5 2 . 50 5 5 . 00 5 7 . 50 6 0 . 00 6 2 . 50 6 5 . 00
Weekly
earnings
hours
and
(Standard! (Standard) $
u nd er
3 0 . 0 0 3 2 . 50 3 5 . 00 3 7 . 50 4 0 . 00 4 2 . 50 4 5 . 00 4 7 . 50 5 0 . 00 5 2 . 50 5 5 . 00 5 7 . 50 6 0 . 00 6 2 . 50 6 5 . 00 7 0 . 00

s

*
$
s
$
$
7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00 9 5 . 00
and
75, . 00 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00 9 5 . 00 o v e r

70, . 00

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d

M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________

172
76
96

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
4 8 .0 0
5 1 .5 0
4 5 .0 0

T r a n s c r i b i n g -m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_ _ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________

154
58
96

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 7 .5 0
4 7 .5 0
4 7 .5 0

T y p is ts , c la s s A
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

222
50
172

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 8 .0 0
4 7 .0 0
4 8 .5 0

50 3
115
38 8

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 0 .5 0
4 2 .5 0
4 0 .0 0

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ____

_

.... .
.............

_

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B _________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________

1 H ou rs r e fle c t
2 W ork ers w ere
3 W ork ers w ere
4 W ork ers w ere

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

20

-

-

-

9
9

6

-

-

-

-

-

'

_

9

2

32
6
26

11
8
3

18
8
10

15
5
10

24
18
6

9
9

32
4
28

8
2
6

13
10
3

14
2
12

20
9
11

10
10

-

20
4
16

_

20

37
21
16

16
I
15

24
4
20

18
6
12

113
36
77

35
5
30

48
15
33

27
12
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

2

16
2
14

3

31

49

95
29
66

62
5
57

-

3

-

-

31

49

12
8
4

11
5
6

6
— 5—
-

3

2
2

12

-

3
2
1

-

12

8
4
4

29
9
20

31

18

-

-

1
1

_

_

18

7
2
5

1
1

31

11
2
9

-

-

-

10
4
6

14

6

3

5
1
4

_

1
_
1

.

-

8

-

-

6

6

-

3

3
-

-

4
3
1

-

_

-

-

1

1

-

-

1

1

1
_
1

1
_
1

_

_

-

-

-

_

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_

-

_

.
_

1
_

_

_

_

'

_

1

the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r ie s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 4 at $95 to $ 1 0 0 ; 9 at $10 0 to $ 1 0 5 ; 2 at $ 1 0 5 to $ 1 1 0 .
d is t r ib u t e d a s f o ll o w s : 7 at $ 100 to $ 105; 7 at $ 105 to $ 110; 5 at $ 1 1 0 to $ 1 1 5 .
a ll at $ 2 7 .5 0 t o $ 3 0 .

Table A-2*- Professional and Technical Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in M e m p h is , T e n n ., b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , F e b r u a r y 1955)
A ve r a ge

Sex,

occu p ation ,

and

in d u stry

d iv ision

Nu mb e r
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G S T R A I G H T - T I M E W E E K L Y E A R N I N G S OF

Weekly
U nder
earnings
(Standard) $
4 7 .5 0

$
4 7 .5 0
and
under

$
50 .0 0

$

$

$

$

5 2 .5 0

5 5 .0 0

5 7 .5 0

60.00

6Q . , Q Q

6 2 .5 0

$

$

$

$

$

6 2 .5 0

6 5 .0 0

6 7 .5 0

7 0 .0 0

7 2 .5 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

l
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

6 7 .5 0

7 0 .0 0

7 2 .5 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

s

$

s

9 5 .0 0

100.00 1 0 5 . 0 0 110.00 1 1 5 . 0 0 120.00

$

$

100.00

105.00

110.00 1 1 5 . 0 0 120.00 1 2 5 . 0 0

“

5 Q . Q H - 5 2 _ , ^ L 5 1 , Q-Q- . 5 1 , 5 1 L

$

"

“

M en

$
D ra ftsm en ,

sen ior

___________________________________

M a n u fa ctu rin g
D ra ftsm en ,

_

j u n i o r ______________

____________

M a n u fa ctu rin g

.

_
_

_

___

. _

7

_

_

_

_

2
2

71

4 0 .0

9 1 .0 0

66

_

4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0

_

64

4 0 .0

6 4 .5 0

7

4 0 .0

66.00

2

55

_

33

4 0 .0

27

4 0 .0

_
_

1

1

-

4

-

2

4

_

16

-

7

15

15

_

7

14

8

10
8

13

4

2

5

4

5

11

3

i

5

4

5

8

1
1

_

4

10

4

3

4

2

3

9

4

2

3

10
10

6
6

4

4

4

4

_

_

.

_

1
1

1
1

3
_

3

_

1
1

_

.

W om en
N u rse s,

in d u strial

M a n u fa c t u r in g

( r e g i s t e r e d ) ---------------------

_____________________________________

68.00
69.00

i

_

3

1 H o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r ie s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .




O c c u p a t io n a l W age S u r v e y , M e m p h is , T e n n ., F e b r u a r y 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s

6

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in M e m p h is , T e n n . , b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , F e b r u a r y 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

$
U n der 0. 80 0. 85
and
$
3. 80 u n d er
. 85
. 90

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n c e _________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________

118
54
64

$
1. 84
1. 72
1 .9 4

E l e c t r ic i a n s , m a in te n a n c e _______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________

146
130

2. 12
2. 17

_

E n g in e e r s , s ta tio n a r y ____________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________ _______________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
_ _ .

119
66
53

1 .9 4
1 .9 6
1. 92

_
-

_

1

0. 90

$
0. 95

$
1. 00

$
1. 05

$
1. 10

$
1. 15

$
1. 20

$
1. 25

$
$
$
1. 30 1. 35 1. 40

. 95

1. 00

1. 05

1. 10

1. 15

1. 20

1. 25

1. 30

1. 35

1 .4 0

%

$
%
$
$ /
1. 45 1. 50 1. 55 1. 60

$
$
$
1. 70 1. 80 1. 90

$
$
$
$
$
2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40

1. 50

1. 55

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

1. 90

2. 00

7. 10

7. 7.0

30

7. 40

nve r

3
3

11
3
8

2
2
-

6
4
2

6
1
5

7
6
1

2
2

5
5
“

7
3
4

9
7
2

25
2
23

6
1
5

4
2

9
8

72
72

2
1

17
*1 5

8
5
3

2
2
-

21
19
2

2
2

22
5
3 17

4
4

1
1

_

-

3
3

and
1 .4 5

"

1

-

6

“

“

1

-

2
2
"

15
14
1

4
4
~

“

_

_

_

3

1

_

_

_

.

_

2
2

3
2

_

_

-

-

2
2

3
2

4
3

12
10

12
11

3
3
-

4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

7
7

13
8
5

4
4
"

13
13
-

5
5

_

_

-

-

6

1

.

1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

2
2
-

5
5

5
5
-

_

_

_

_

4
4

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
-

14
1

-

F ir e m e n , s ta tio n a r y b o i l e r ______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________

155
142

1. 14
1. 14

-

~

9
9

28
27

57
52

1
-

15
14

-

"

-

-

3
-

21
20

5
5

2
2

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n c e __________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________
P u b lic u tilit ie s *
_

228
134
94

1. 19
1. 20
1. 17

1
1

9
1
8
-

17
14
3
-

22
21

25
14

8
5

13
10

21
12

35
34

8
4

8
2

10
9

1
1

11
6

3
1

3
1

9

1
1

4

1.43

12
5
7
-

12
2
10

31

11 .
11
-

6
6

-

M a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m ______
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________

71
65

2. 04
2. 07

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n c e _________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________

171
167

2. 09
2. 09

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ( m a in t e n a n c e )__
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ____________________

311
48
263
184

1. 70
1 .6 6
1. 71
1. 75

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n c e _________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________

466
417
49

1. 89
1.93
1. 56

M illw r ig h ts _________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________________

212
212
74
70

1 .6 8
1. 74

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n c e
_______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________

115
64
51

1. 80
1. 85
1. 74

P i p e f it t e r s , m a in te n a n c e _________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________

122
122

2. 12
2. 12

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s ______________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___ ______________________

49
49

_

_

-

-

_
■ -

_
-

-

_
-

_

4

_

-

-

-

4

1

*

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

13
13

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
1

5
5

4
4

6
6

7
7

21
21

18
18

2
2

_

_

_
-

4

13
2
11

4

4

_

-

-

4

■

-

15
10
5

3
3

5
5

4
4

2
2

10
10

19
16

21
21

“

16
16

73
73

8
8

7
7

18

18
4
14
8

46
12
34
22

11

15
1
14
13

26
5
21
13

57
1
56
42

56
3
53
52

13
3
10
8

4
2
2
1

8
3
5

3
2
1
-

_
-

10
10
"
14
14

-

18
15

-

11
10

.

-

.

-

-

-

_
-

.

-

“

-

-

-

6
2
4

*

-

4
4
*

“

4
-

_

-

4
4

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

3
3

5
5

_

_

_

_

_

3

_

_

1

4

_

_

“

3

“

1

4

~

_

“

”

-

_

“

“

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 Excludes p r e m i u m p a y fo r ov e rtim e a n d fo r w ork on w eeken ds, h olid a ys, and late sh ifts.
2 W orkers w ere d istributed as fo llo w s: 7 at $ 2 .4 0 to $ 2. 50; 8 at $ 2 . 50 to $ 2. 60.
as fo llo w s: 6 at $ 2. 50 to $ 2 . 60; 10 at $ 2 . 60 to $ 2 . 70; 1 at $ 3. 10 to $3. 20.
r a ilr o a d s ), com m u n ica tion , and other public u tilities.

-

'

16
10
6

6
6
~

17
14
3

41
31
10

36
32
4

15
11
4

65
58
7

17
13
4

8
8
-

86
86
■

7
7
-

128
125
3

_
-

11
11

_
-

2, 17
2. 17

w ere distrib u ted
s W orkers
* T ransportation
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ (excluding
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

-

_

"

3
2

1.95
1 .95

O il e r s _______________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________________

-

_
-

1
1

2

_

-

.

12
12

17
17

_

_

"

7
7

10
10

16
16

48
48

4
4

9
9

58
58

6
6

-

2
2

-

1
1

4
4

2
2

19
19

3
3

2
2

19
19

5
3
2

9
2
7

9
1
8

18
17
1

7
7

12
12

3
3

'

'

7
7
-

3
1
2

2
2

.

_

.

-

-

-

2
2

8
8

5
5

j
1

5
5

_

-

.

-

-

_

_
-

'

1
1

'

- 32_ ___2 _
32
2
9
9

10
10

-

1

_

_

1

-

-

8
8
~

15
15

6
3
3

2
2

59
59

1
1

9
9

3
3

15
15

11
11

-

_

O ccup ation al W age S urvey, M em p his, T e n n ., F e b ru a ry 1955
U .S . DE P A RT M EN T OF LA BO R
B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tistics

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s 2 s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in M e m p h is , T erm . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , F e b r u a r y 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and ind u stry d iv isio n

Guards ---------------------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------J a n ito r s, p o r t e r s , and c le a n e rs
(m en) --------------------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -------------------------------------N onm anufacturing --------------------------------

J a n ito rs, p o r t e r s , and cle a n e rs
(wom en) --------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------N onm anufacturing --------------------------------

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

$
1 .56
1 .60

159
135

1.00
1 . 18

1.339
623
716
97

.8 4
.9 9

8 . 60 8 . 65
Undei

?>.

70

8.

70

.

75

.

and
1 .6 0 under
.65

“

-

-

100

24
24

26
26

30
30

-

. 74
.9 3

131
-

.68

452
104^
348
65

4 131

26
26

3
3

8
-

8

94

L a b o r e r s , m a te ria l handling ----------------------------------------------------M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing --------------------------------P u b lic u tilitie s* — --------------------------

3 .2 1 6
1, 730
1 ,486
512

O rd er fille r s ---------------------------------------------M anufacturing
------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------

674
153
521
439
235
204

1. 13
1 .1 6

60
192
126

1.51
1 .7 4
1.39

Shipping c le r k s ----------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------

234
109
125

1.49
1 .47
1.51

Shipping and re c e iv in g c le r k s -----------------M anufacturing --------------------------------------— ---------N onm anufacturing
----------------------------------------

136

233
34
199

1.00

1.05

1 .1 0

1. 15 1.2 0

1

10

80

-

167
32
135

132
45
87

85

.9 0

.9 5

-

.

1
1

1
1

P a c k e r s , shipping (w om en) ---------------------

1 .1 4
1.19

1 .1 0
1.2 0

71

167
125
42

119
20
99
25

47

22
25

3

21

12
59

6

12
-

1

12

86
50
_

3

9

13

1

1

2

7

1

1

4

1

1

6
2

7

4

4

3

3
3

5
4

1
1

10

-

3

1

55

16
10

57

2

“

-

1

1

"

2

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

“

3

22

102
-

-

4

16

4

1

10
-

2

10

21

5
-

21

5

17
4
13

9
9

53
4
49

41

9

2

1
8

9

1

"

1

2
2

-

39

8
8

16

-

1

9

17
17

39
39

9
4
5

28
28

14

2
12

12

10

5
7

3
7

16
16
"

4
3

1

$

$

$

1.90 2.00 2 . 10

20

18

7
13

16

18
15
3

3

38

6
2

3

26

1

-

2

26

4
4

-

2

8

4
4

7

10
10
"

-

_
_

_
_

_
>
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

1

79
78

_

1

1

1

1

-

-

4
_
4
-

_

10
10

42
42

-

64
63

1

_
_
_

23
23
_

_

10
10

_
_

_

75
37
38
-

283
78
205
205

80
80
_
-

42
14
28

54
54

3
3
"

26
19
7

10
10

23
_
23

2
2

1

3

-

3

-

-

-

6

-

10
3
7

10
1
9

2

4
4
■

24
18

2

39
13
26

27
27
“

6

-

35
7
28

4
4

7
7
-

26
26
-

1
1
-

19
9

15

7
5

5

2

10

13
3

2

8

10

2

2
2

6
5

5
5

1

22
12
10

10
10

“

“

6
20

-

6
2

4
4

-

30

10
8
2

2

8

-

2

4
4

3
3

-

-

9

2

2 . 10 over

18
18

-

2
1

13
5

3

9

-

1.90 2.00

6
-

6

3
3

4

-

16

12

21

1

-

6

6
6

See footn otes at end of table
* T ra n sp ortation (exclu din g r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other p u b lic u tilitie s.




29
15
14

26

6

107
70
37
-

25
13

-

30
16
14
“

1

37
33
4

48
35
13

-

123

20

2
2

5
4

58
36

3
7

-

60
40

2
2

36
15

76
32
44

32

11
21

-

21

48
4
44

10

-

4

-

9

129

6

-

58
41
17

4

251
149

10

-

-

77
38
39

169
119
50
-

14
4

-

2
2

170
149

153
56
97
-

10

-

30
30
-

183
148
35
-

388
140
248
45

1

1. 70 1.80

19
17

240
188
52
-

17

-

-

30

20
10

1 .6 0

18
15

2
2

15
15

17
5

1 .5 0

8
8

3
3

-

22
2
20

36

1.45

2

1
1

-

-

22

22
2
20
20

9
9
-

3

316
233
83
64

57

1 .40

7
5

-

-

2

1 .35

1

119
15
104
80

-

.9 3
1 .13
.90

1 .3 0

61
60

53
7
46
-

449
154
295
117

1

21

-

4

5

67
35
23

4
-

6

5

102

11

1 .2 5

1

55
18
37
13

6

~

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1 .3 0 1.35 1 .4 0 $
1.45 1 .5 0 1 .60 1. 70 1.80

-

-

-

1 .2 5

3
3

12

1.20

66

6
2

63
36
27

67
36
31

22

5

13

12

12

-

1.15

1.10

1 .1 0

9

-

1.59
1.59
1.60

T r u c k d r iv e r s , light (under l 1^ * 0118) -----M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------->-

$

2

.9 5

R e ce iv in g cle r k s
------------------------------------M anufacturing
-------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------

$
1 .0 5

2

1 .1 6

P a c k e r s , shipping ( m e n ) --------------------------M anufacturing
------------------------------------N onm anufacturing --------------------------------

i.oo

and
.

-

3 100

$
$
1 .1 5 1.2 0

75 8. 80 8 . 85 8.90 8 .9 5

3

“

1

9

1

-

-

1

1

-

6

10

9

2

26

16
10
6

3

10

4
4

2
2

9

-

■

8
1

-

-

-

!

1

4

O ccupational Wage S urvey, M em phis, T e n n ., F eb ru a ry 1955
U .S . DEPARTM EN T OF LABOR
Bureau o f L abor Statistics

8

Table A-4:

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued

(A vera g e hou rly e a rn in g s1 f o r s e le c te d occu p a tio n s23 studied on an area b asis
5
4
in M em phis, Tenn. , by industry d iv isio n , F e b ru a ry 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry d iv ision

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
Average Under 0. 60 $ .6 5 $ 70 $ 75 0. 80 0 .8 5
0.
0
0.
hourly
earnings $
and
). 60 under
.8 5
.6 5
. 75
. 80
. 70
.9 0

T ru ck d riv e rs, m edium ( 1V2 to and
including 4 ton s)________________________
M anu factu ring________________________
N onm anufacturing-----------------------------Public utilities * __________________

941
212
729
287

$
1.33
1. 29
1. 34
1 .69

T ru ck d riv e rs, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra ile r type) ___________________________
M anu factu ring________________________
N onm anufacturing___________________

180
72
108

L oo

! . 05 1 .1 0

1 .1 5

1 .2 0

1 .2 5 1 .3 0

L35

\.4Q

s
$
$
$
$
$
1
1 .45 i . . 50 $ . 60 1. 70 1 .8 0 1 .90 2 .0 0 2. 10
and

-,-35 1 .0 0

1 .0 5

1 .1 0

1.15

1.20

1.25

1 .3 0

1.35

1 .4 0

1 .4 5

1 .5 0

1,. 60

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

4
4
"

2
2
"

3
3

7
4
3
-

7
7
5

15
15
"

125
15
110

40
4
36

116
14
102
■

88
32
56
*
*

25
10
15

32
20
12
"

23
23
~

6
6
"

1
1
"

7
5
2
“

3
3
"

16
2
14
2

9
9
"

83
59
24
3

316
316
274

4
4
"

3
1
2
2

6
6
1

*

1 .4 8
1 .4 5
1. 50

-

"

-

“

“

-

~

“

”

17
2
15

-

2
2
“

12
12

8
8
-

2
2
”

20
20
"

2
2

"

23
2
21

21
21
"

45
(>
39

5
2
3

7
7

"

15
15

1
-

.
"

_
■

.

t

12
M
9

23
23

71
71

61
19
42

27
12
15

10
7
3

28
28
"

29
27
2

33
32
1

9
1
8

24
23
1

11
11
~

6
6

2
2
•

24
22
2

32
20
12

57
57

-

23
23
-

4
4
~

52
31
21
17

61
35
26
14

19
8
11
1

36
26
10

_

14
12
2

4
4

4
1
3

13
13
-

4
4
-

9
9
-

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T ru ck e rs , pow er (forklift) _____________
M anu factu ring________________________
N onm anufacturing_________ ________

486
297
189

1. 32
1.49
1. 06

Watchmen _______________________________
M anu factu ring________________________
N onm anufacturing-----------------------------Public utilities * __________________

345
192
153
53

.9 3
1. 03
. 81
. 84

21

_

-

-

-

7

8

5 21

.

”

“

7

8

-

-

55
18
37
21

- ~
21
14
7

-

-

-

-

14
14
-

.
-

-

E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r ov ertim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holid a ys, and late sh ifts.
Data lim ited to m en w ork ers excep t w here oth erw ise indicated.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 59 at $ 0 . 40 to $ 0 . 45; 20 at $ 0 . 45 to $0. 50;16 at $0. 50 to $ 0 . 55; 5at $ 0 . 55 to $ 0. 60.
W orkers w ere d istributed as fo llo w s: 12 at $ 0 . 25 to $ 0. 30; 8 at $0. 30 to $ 0 . 35; 50 at $0. 40 to $ 0 . 45;9 at$ 0. 45 to $0. 50; 33 at $0. 50 to $ 0. 55; 19 at $ 0 . 55 to $ 0 . 60.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 9 at $ 0 .4 5 to $ 0 .5 0 ; 8 at $ 0 .5 0 to $ 0 .5 5 ; 4 at $ 0 .5 5 to $ 0 .6 0 .
T ransportation (exclu din g r a ilr o a d s ), com m u n ica tion , and other public u tilities.




2 . 10 o v e r

“

.
-

1
2
3
4
5
*

$
0 .9 5

0 .9 0

3
3
-

1

_




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-1: Shift Differential Provisions'
P e rce n t o f m anufacturing plant w orkers-

Shift differen tial

(a)
In establisnm ents having
fo rm a l p ro v is io n s fo r—
Second shift
w ork

T o t a l ................................... ........................................... .........................

68. 5

T hird or other
shift w ork

(b)
A ctu a lly w ording on—

Second shift

T hird o r other
shift

6 1 .6

11. 6

6. 0

With shift pay d ifferential __________________________________

5 8 .4

5 4 .4

10.4

5. 1

U niform cents (per hour) __________________________ _____

42. 6

39. 7

8. 3

4. 7

12.
3.
15.
1.
2.

11.0

3.
.
2.
.

2. 4

3 cents ________________________________________________
4 cents _________________________________________________
5 cents ________________ ________________________________
6 cents ___ __ -------------------------------------------------------------7 cents -------------------------------------------------------------------------8 cents _______________________ ________________________
9 cents ___________________ ________________________ _
10 cents _______________________________________________
11 c e n t s -------- -------------------------------- ------- ---------------12 c e n t s ------------------- --------------------------------------------------Over 12 cents _________________________________________

3
6
4
3
6

-

11.6
2 .2
-

7
3
3
3

.

-

.7
1

.
.

1
A
1. 3

-

-

1. 8

1.4
2. 5
7. 0
1. 2
1.0
1. 8

1. 1

A

U niform percen tage _______________________________________________________

14. 3

13. 2

2. 1

5 p ercen t _________________________________________________________________
6 p ercen t _____________________________ ________________________________
7l/z p ercen t _ --------------------------- __ _________________ _____
10 p ercen t _________________________________________________________________

5. 8
1. 2

-

2. 5
3. 1
-

_

7. 3

1 .2
4. 7
7. 3

_________________________________

1. 5
10. 1

7. 2

.4

_

. 1
. 2
1. 8

. 4

1. 2

.9

1. 5

No shift pay d ifferential -------------------------------------------------------

1
.5

Full d ay's pay for reduced hours

-

1
Shift differential data a re p resen ted in te rm s o f (a) establishm ent p o lic y , and (b) w o rk e rs actually em p loyed on late
shifts at the tim e of the su rvey. An establishm ent was co n sid e re d as having a p o lic y if it m et eith er o f the follow ing con di tons: (1) Operated late shifts at the tim e o f the su rv e y, or (2) had fo rm a l p ro v is io n s co v e rin g late shifts.
A L ess than 0. 05 p ercen t.
O ccupational Wage Survey, M em p h is, Tenn. , F eb ru a ry 1955
U. S. DE PA RTM EN T OF LABOR
Bureau o f L abor Statistics

10

1

Table B-2: Minim um Entrance Rates for W o m e n Office W o rk e rs
N um ber o f establishm ents with s p e c ifie d m inim um h iring rate in—
M anufacturing
M inim um rate
(weekly sala ry )

A ll
schedules

E stablishm ents s tu d ie d __________________

132

N onmanufa c tu r ing

B ased on standard w eekly hours 2 o f

A ll
industries

50

40

XXX

E
f o r i n : XPERIENCED
E stablishm ents having a s p e c ifie d
m inimum ___ ______________________________
$ 2 5 .0 0
$ 2 7 .5 0
$ 3 0 .0 0
$ 3 2 .5 0
$35. 00
$ 3 7 .5 0
$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
over

57

21

_

82

,

B ased on standard w eek ly hou rs 2 o f

A ll
industries

A ll
schedules

40

XXX

132

TYPISTS

50

40

A ll
sch ed u les

XXX

82

36

29

63

24

1
2
8
5
4
3
7
1
2
1

1
2
7
4
4
3
3

1
3
10
9
7
6
13
1
5
4
2
2

_

_

_

3
3
1
-

3
2
1
-

-

-

3
2
, 1
-

3
2

E stablishm ents having no sp e c ifie d
m inim um ----------------- __ ------- ---------------

21

E stablishm ents w hich did not em ploy
w ork ers in this c a t e g o r y ________:_________

53

-

-

2
1
2
1
9

2
1
2
1
9

40

XXX

FOIt OTHER INEXP ERIEN CED C L ERIC A L WOR1XERS

_

1
2
10
6
6
4
16
1
5
3
1
2

1

A ll
schedules

N onm anufacturing

M anufacturing

20

$ 2 7 .5 0 ______________
$ 3 0 .0 0 ______________
$ 3 2 .5 0 ______________
$ 3 5 .0 0 ______________
$37. 50 ___ __ ______
$ 4 0 .0 0 ______________
$ 4 2 .5 0 ______________
$ 4 5 .0 0 _____________
$ 4 7 .5 0 ______________
$ 5 0 .0 0 ______________
$ 5 2 .5 0 ______________
____ __ __ _______ _

Data not a v a ila b le .__________________ ______

Num ber o f establishm ents with s p e c ifie d m in im u m hiring rate in—

-

2
1

23

_

_

2
3
2
1
9

2
3
2
1
9

39

33

1
3
8
6
5
5
4
1
2
1
1
2

1
2
8
5
5
4
2
_

2
1
1
2

-

-

-

-

2

2

7

XXX

14

XXX

27

9

XXX

18

XXX

22

XXX

31

XXX

41

17

XXX

24

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

1

* L ow est sa la ry rate fo rm a lly esta b lish ed fo r hirin g in ex p erien ced w o rk e rs fo r typing o r other c l e r ic a l jo b s .
Hours re fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em p loy ees re c e iv e their reg u la r stra igh t-tim e s a la r ie s . Data a re p resen ted fo r all w orkweeks com bin ed , and fo r the m o st co m m o n w orkw eek re p o rte d .




O ccupational W age S u rv ey, M em p his, Tenn. , F e b ru a ry 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F LA BO R
B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tistics

11

Table B-3: Frequency of W a g e Payment
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

F req u en cy o f paym ent
A ll industries*

M an u factu rin g

Pu blio utilities *

A ll industries 1
2

M an u factu rin g

P ublic utilities *

A ll w o r k e rs -----------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

W eekly
__________________________________________
B iw e e k ly ---------------------------- --------------------------------S e m im o n th ly ______________ _____________________
M o n th ly ___ ______________________________________

36
25
38
A

58
10
30
A

50
45
5

89

6

99
A

5

-

57
22
21

1
2
A
*

Includes data fo r w h olesa le tra d e; reta il trade; finance, in su ra n ce , and re a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sepa ra tely.
Includes data fo r w h olesa le tra d e , retail tra d e, rea l esta te, and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sepa ra tely.
L e s s than 2. 5 p e rce n t.
T ra n sp orta tion (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.

Table B-4:

Scheduled W eekly Hours

P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O RKERS^ E M P L O Y E D IN —

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll industries 2

A ll w o rk e rs

—

__

______________________

__________________

3 7 V a h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 7 l/ 2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s
_ ---------------------- --------------4 0 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s _____
— _________
4 4 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 4 1/ * h o u r s
____________________ ______ _____________________
4 5 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 5 a n d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------4 8 h o u r 8 ________________________________________________________
O v e r 4 8 h o u r s _________________________________________________

1
2
3
A
*

100
6
3
76
4

6

A
A
A
A

M anufacturing

100
A
-

91

6

Pu b lic utilities *

100

A ll industries 3

100

61

A

-

-

20

62

A

-

3
3

-

-

-

A

4

-

-

-

M anufacturing

100

Public utilities *

100

A
-

-

73

73
_

13

A
-

_

-

-

4

19

-

_

A

8
A
16
5

15
5

8

Data rela te to w om en w o r k e r s only.
Includes data fo r w h olesa le tra d e; reta il trad e; finance, in su ra n ce, and re a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown s ep a ra tely.
Includes data fo r w h olesa le tra d e, reta il tra d e, rea l esta te, and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sepa ra tely.
L e s s than 2. 5 p e rce n t.
T ra n sp orta tion (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
O ccupational Wage S urvey, M em phis, Tenn. , F eb ru a ry 1955
U. S. DEPARTM EN T OF LABOR
Bureau o f L abor Statistics




12

Table B-5: Paid Holiday Provisions 1
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —

PE R C E N T OF PL A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Item

A ll w o rk e rs ___________________________

*

M an u factu rin g

100

100

99
A
4
48
22
10
3
A
12

100
A
7
33
41
12
5
A
_

All industries 3

M an u factu rin g

P u blic u tilities5
!'

100

100

100

100

99

84
A
10
32
34
5
A

88

92

8
21
50

A

A ll in d u stries2

16

12

8

47
20
27

83
36
4

P u blic utilities

Number o f paid holidays
W orkers in establishm ents providing paid
holidays
L e s s than 4 days
4 days _ _ _
___
5 days
.... .
6 days
_ ______
_
7 days ____
8 days ___
9 days
10 days
W orkers in establishm ent providing no paid
holidays
. .

A

_
15
74
10
_
_

7

23
68
A

A

_

P ro v isio n s for holidays o cc u rrin g
on non w orkd ays4
With p rov ision s fo r holidays falling on
Saturday
Another dav off with pay
E xtra day’ s pay
Option o f another day o ff or extra
clay’ s pay __________________
P ro v isio n s d iffer fo r va riou s holidays ____
Other p r o v is io n s __________________
Saturday is a scheduled w orkday for all
w o rk e rs ________
No p ro v isio n s (or no pay) for holidays
falling on Saturday
With p rov ision s for holidays falling on
Sunday _______________________
Another day o ff with pay
_ _
_
Extra day’ s pay .
Option o f another day o ff or extra
day’ s p a y _______________________
P ro v isio n s d iffer fo r va riou s h o l i d a y s ____
Other p rov ision s
Sunday is a scheduled w orkday fo r all
w o rk e rs ___________________
No p ro v isio n s (or no pay) for holidays
falling on Sunday________________
With p rov ision s for holidays falling
during vacation
Another day o ff with pay
Extra day’ s p a y _____ ____
Option o f another day o ff or extra
day’ s pay __ ____________
P ro v isio n s d iffer fo r va riou s h o l i d a y s ____
Other p rov ision s
___________
No p ro v isio n s (or no pay) for holidays
falling during vacation
..

43
35
7

58
37
21

89
63
9

39
19
17

A

_
_
_

17

3
_

_

_

_

43

_

28

5

A

30

19

28

37

8

15

22

9

85
82
A

91
86
5

97
89

76
67
5

80
72
8

83
45

A

8
_
_

3

.

_
_
_

_

-

_

38

_

_

A

14

9

A

8

8

9

65
53

6

87
50
18

92
74
9

66
45
16

78
44
27

68
57
6

6

19

9

5

7

5

_

_

18

10

24

_

34

_
13

_
7

_
_

1 E stim ates include only fu ll-d a y holidays p rov id ed annually.
2 Includes data fo r w h olesa le trad e; reta il trade; finance, in su ra n ce, and re a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those.industry d ivision s shown sep a ra te ly .
3 Includes data fo r w h olesa le tra d e, reta il tra d e, rea l esta te, and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown separately.
4 L im ited to p rov ision s in establishm ents having a fo rm a l p o lic y applying when holidays o c c u r on nonw orkdays; som e o f the estim ates would be slig h tly h igh er i f p r a c t ic e s d eterm in ed in fo rm a lly
as the situation o c c u r s w ere included.
A L ess than 2. 5 p ercen t.
O ccupational Wage S u rv ey, M em phis, Tenn. , F e b ru a ry 1955
* T ransportation (exclu din g ra ilro a d s ), com m u n ica tion , and other public u tilitie s.
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F LA BO R
B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tistics




13

Table B-6: Paid Vacations
PERCEN T OF OFFICE W ORKERS EM PLOYED IN —

P ERCEN T OF PLANT W ORKERS EM PLOYED IN—

V acation p o lic y
AH industries1

A ll w o r k e rs

_____________________________________

Manufacturing

100

100

100

97
3

Public utilities *

All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities *

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
-

98
86
12

99
78
21

100

96
4

-

-

-

-

-

■

-

“

A

A

A
81
A
13
-

_
92
A
3
_

M ETHOD OF PA YM E N T
W o rk e rs in esta b lish m en ts p rov id in g
paid va ca tion s 3 -------------------------------------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent -------------------------------P e rce n ta g e p a y m e n t _________________________
F la t-s u m paym ent -----------------------------------------Other _________________________________________
W o rk e rs in esta b lish m en ts p rov id in g no
paid v a ca tion s ----------------------------------------------------

-

-

“

100
-

AMOUNT OF VACATION P A Y
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e

_

_

36
_
62
A
-

69
_
29
A

15
A
84
A
A

20
_
79
A
-

28
71
A

_
6
A
92
A
A
A

_

_

5
_
92
A
A

A
_
98

_
36
_
63

U nder 1 w eek ___________________________________
1 w eek _ _____________________________ ____________
O v er 1 and under 2 w eeks ______________________
2 w eek s _________ _______________________________
O v er 2 and under 3 w eeks ______________________
4 w eek s _____ _____
__ _____ ______________

A

A

-

_
69
_
23
_
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

_

U nder 1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k _______ ____________________________________
O v er 1 and under 2 w eeks ______________________
2 w eek s ----------------------------- ------------------ __ __ __
O v er 2 and under 3 w eeks _____ ____ ________
4 w eeks ____________ — _____________________ ___

A
67

_

27
_
-

84
5
10
_
-

A
41
9
48

50
15
34

3

_
36
_
64
_
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ____ ____ _________________________
1 w e e k ______________ _____________________ ____
O v er 1 and under 2 w eeks
2 w eeks ------------------- -------------------------------------- --O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s _______________ __ __
3 w eek s --------- — ------- ------------ __ ___________
4 w eek s ____________ ____________________________

See footn otes at end of ta b le.
* T ra n sp ortation (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.




NOTE:

_

_
15
_
85

-

-

-

_

-

A

-

_

A

Occupational Wage S urvey, M em phis, Tenn. , F eb ru a ry 1955
U. S. DEPARTM EN T OF LABOR
Bureau o f L abor S tatistics

In the tabulations o f va ca tion allow an ces by y e a rs o f s e r v ic e , paym ents other than "length o f t im e " ,
such as percen tage o f annual earnings o r fla t-s u m p a ym en ts, w e re co n ve rte d to an equivalent tim e
b a s is; fo r e x a m p le, a paym ent o f 2 p ercen t o f annual earnings was c o n sid e re d as 1 w e e k 's pay.

14

Table B-6: Paid Vqcations1 Continued
3
2
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —
V a c a tio n

All industries *

_________________________________________________

A ll w o r k e r s

AM O UNT

O F V A C A T IO N

A fte r 5 y e a r s
1
2
O
3
4

1
2
O
3
O
4

PA Y

10 y e a r s

A fte r

15 y e a r s

Public utilities *

All industries 2

M anufacturing

Public u tilitie s*

100

100

100

_

15
80

14
82

A
A

A
A

100
-

■

~

-

100

100

A
94

A
94

A
3

A
4

94
5

A

-

A

A
86
4
6

A
89

_
85

15
77

A
A

-

A
53
4
38
A
A

A
60
_
37
A
“

A
42
A
53
A
A

A
40
A
40
A
17

100

o f s e r v ic e

_

o f se r v ic e

w e e k __________________________________________________________
w e e k s ________________________________________________________
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------w e e k s ________________________________________________________
v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________________________
w e e k s ________________________________________________________

1 w e e k _______ _

M anufacturing

- C o n tin u e d

w e e k __________________________________________________________
w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------w e e k s ________________________________________________________
w e e k s ________________________________________________________

A fte r

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

p o lic y

14

_
90

_

-

8

8

A
4

82
A
A

A

-

-

-

-

7

"

"

■

10

o f se r v ic e

____________________________________________

2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s __ _________________________________________

_
15
76

15
48
A
34

-

-

9

"

A
50
47
A
A

_
15
76
-

15
45

A
50
41
A
7

_
15
76

14
46
A
38
■

_
24

14
41
A
43
"

_
24
76
“

14
41
A
40
3

_
24
76

-

76
~

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _______ ______________________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ______ ________________
3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________

A
36
-

9

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __
_
3 w e e k s ------------------------- ----------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s __ ___________________
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________

15
41
A
36
f

9

-

5

-

1 Includes data fo r w h olesa le trade; reta il trad e; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown s e p a ra te ly.
2 Includes data fo r w h olesale trade; reta il tra d e; rea l esta te; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown separately.
3 Includes p rop ortion s of w ork ers in establishm ents which did not p rov id e vacations until after 2 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e , as fo llo w s: O ffice w o r k e rs — a ll in d u s trie s, 1 p e rce n t; pu blic u tilitie s , 1 p e rce n t.
Plant w ork ers— all in d u stries, 3 p ercen t; m an ufacturing, 2 p ercen t; public u tilitie s, 8 p ercen t.
A L ess than 2. 5 p ercen t.
* Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m u n ica tion , and other public u tilitie s.




APPEND IX:

JOB

DESCRIPTIONS

15

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u ^ w a g e s u r v e y s is to
a s s i s t its f i e l d s t a ff in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r
a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t it le s an d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t
a n d f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is is e s s e n t ia l in o r d e r to p e r m i t th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e
r a t e s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and
i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ili t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u ! s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i ­
c a n t ly f r o m th o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In
a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u * s f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s a r e i n s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k ­
in g s u p e r v i s o r s , a p p r e n t i c e s , l e a r n e r s , b e g i n n e r s , t r a i n e e s , h a n d ic a p p e d w o r k e r s , p a r t - t i m e ,
t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

Off i c e
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s o n a m a c h in e o th e r
th an an o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s
a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k i n ­
c i d e n t a l to b i l l i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s ,
m a c h i n e , a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , as f o l l o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) - U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g
m a c h in e (M o o n t l o p k in s , E llio t t F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h
a r e c o m b i n a t io n ty p in g an d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s an d
i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s 1 p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m , e t c . U s u a lly in v o l v e s a p p lic a t io n
o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d is c o u n t s an d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s a n d e n t r y o f
n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n ot b e c o m p u t e d on th e
b i l l i n g m a c h in e , a n d t o t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e d
b y m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f
c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d is o ft e n d o n e o n a
f a n f o ld m a c h i n e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) - U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e (S u n d s t r a n d , E l lio t t F i s h e r , R e m in g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h
m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s *
b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a l ly
in v o l v e s th e s im u lt a n e o u s e n tr y o f f ig u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s 1 le d g e r
record .
T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s f i g u r e s on a
n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u t e s and u s u a ll y p r in t s a u t o ­
m a t i c a l l y th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s . D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f b o o k k e e p i n g . W o r k s f r o m u n ifo r m a n d s t a n d a r d ty p e s o f
s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l lio t t
F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s , N a tio n a l C a sh R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w it h ­
ou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s .




OPERATOR -

C o n tin u e d

C la s s A - K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f
an d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith
th e s t r u c t u r e o f the p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e te r­
m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r ib u t i o n o f d e b it and c r e d i t it e m s
to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k . M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d
r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , a n d o t h e r r e c o r d s b y h a n d .
C la s s B - K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s
o f a s e t oF r e c o r d s u s u a ll y r e q u ir i n g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o l l ,
c u s t o m e r s * a c c o u n t s (n ot in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d
u n d e r b i l l e r , m a c h in e ) , c o s t d is t r ib u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n ,
in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l
b a la n c e s an d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n tin g d e p a r t m e n t.
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A - U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t ­
a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r k e e p in g o n e o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m ­
p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to on e p h a s e o f an e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o r k in v o l v e s p o s t in g an d b a la n c in g
s u b s id i a r y le d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c ­
c o u n ts p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith
p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t i o n ; r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t an d e x p e r i e n c e
in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t io n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s .
M a y a s s i s t in
p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t in g , a n d c l o s i n g jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ; m a y d i r e c t c l a s s
B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .
C la s s B - U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u tin e
a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s s u c h a s p o s t in g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s ,
a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ;
r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; p o s t in g s u b s id i a r y le d g e r s c o n t r o ll e d
by g en era l le d g e r s .
T h is jo b d o e s n ot r e q u ir e a k n o w le d g e o f
a c c o u n t in g an d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s bu t is fou n d in o f f i c e s in
w h ic h th e m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t in g w o r k is s u b d iv id e d on a f u n c ­
t io n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

16

CLERK,

F IL E

K E Y -P U N C H

C la s s A - R e s p o n s ib le f o r m a in ta in in g an e s t a b lis h e d f ili n g
s y s t e m . C l a s s i f i e s an d in d e x e s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o r o t h e r m a t e r ia l ;
m a y a l s o f i l e th is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s
in c o n ju n c t io n w ith f i l e s o r s u p e r v i s e o t h e r s in f i l i n g an d lo c a t in g
m a t e r i a l in th e f i l e s .
M a y p e r f o r m in c id e n t a l c l e r i c a l d u t ie s .
C la s s B - P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f i l i n g , u s u a ll y o f m a t e r i a l th at
h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d , o r l o c a t e s o r a s s i s t s in lo c a t in g m a t e ­
r i a l in th e f i l e s .
M a y p e r f o r m in c id e n t a l c l e r i c a l d u t ie s .
CLERK,

U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s io n a n d w ith n o s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t i e s , r e c o r d s a c c o u n t in g a n d s t a t i s t i c a l d a ta on ta b u la tin g c a r d s
b y p u n c h in g a s e r i e s o f h o le s in th e c a r d s in a s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e ,
u s in g an a lp h a b e t ic a l o r a n u m e r i c a l k e y - p u n c h m a c h in e , f o l l o w i n g
w r it t e n in fo r m a t io n on r e c o r d s .
M a y d u p lic a t e c a r d s b y u s in g th e
d u p lic a t in g d e v ic e a t ta c h e d to m a c h in e .
K eep s file s o f pu n ch c a r d s .
M a y v e r i f y ow n w o r k o r w o r k o f o t h e r s .

O F F IC E

B O Y O R G IR L

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s * o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y
m a il, p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u tie s in v o l v e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e
f o llo w in g :
Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g ou t an o r d e r s h e e t
lis t i n g the it e m s to m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s an d q u a n titie s
o f it e m s on o r d e r s h e e t ; d is t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t ­
m e n ts to b e f i l l e d .
M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m in e
c r e d i t r a tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s ­
t o m e r s , f o l l o w up o r d e r s to s e e th at th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e
o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

OPERATOR

PAYROLL

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s ­
s a r y data on the p a y r o l l s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o l v e :
C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r * s
e a r n in g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; p o s t in g c a lc u l a t e d d a ta
on p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n fo r m a t io n s u c h a s w o r k e r ’ s n a m e , w o r k ­
in g d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c t io n s f o r in s u r a n c e , an d t o t a l w a g e s d u e .
M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s and a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up an d d i s ­
tr ib u tin g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u l a t i n g m a c h in e .
COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty is to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e ­
m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t io n s .
T h is jo b is n ot to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f
s t a t is t ic a l o r o t h e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y in v o lv e f r e q u e n t u s e o f
a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f th is m a c h in e is in c id e n t a l to
p e r f o r m a n c e o f o t h e r d u t ie s .
D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR

(M IM E O G R A P H O R D I T T O )

U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n a n d w ith n o s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t i e s , r e p r o d u c e s ryiu ltiple c o p i e s o f t y p e w r it t e n o r h a n d w r itin g
m a t t e r , u s in g a m i m e o g r a p h o r d it t o m a c h in e .
M akes n e c e s s a r y
a d ju s tm e n t s u c h a s f o r in k a n d p a p e r f e e d c o u n t e r an d c y l i n d e r s p e e d .
Is n ot r e q u ir e d to p r e p a r e s t e n c i l o r d itto m a s t e r . M a y k e e p f i l e o f
u s e d s t e n c ils o r d itto m a s t e r s .
M a y s o r t , c o l l a t e , a n d s t a p le c o m ­
p le t e d m a t e r ia l .




P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s ,
o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g
an d d is t r ib u t in g m a i l , an d o th e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

SECRETARY

P e r f o r m s s e c r e t a r i a l a n d c l e r i c a l d u tie s f o r a s u p e r i o r in an
a d m in is t r a t iv e o r e x e c u t iv e p o s i t i o n . D u t ie s in c lu d e m a k in g a p p o in t ­
m e n t s f o r s u p e r i o r ; r e c e i v i n g p e o p l e c o m i n g in to o f f i c e ; a n s w e r in g
a n d m a k in g p h on e c a l l s ; h a n d lin g p e r s o n a l a n d im p o r t a n t o r c o n f i ­
d e n tia l m a i l , an d w r it in g r o u t in e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o n o w n in it i a t iv e ;
ta k in g d ic t a t io n (w h e r e t r a n s c r i b i n g m ?(.ch in e is n o t u s e d ) e it h e r in
s h o r th a n d o r b y s t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e , a n d t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a ­
tio n o r th e r e c o r d e d in fo r m a t io n r e p r o d u c e d o n a t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e .
M a y p r e p a r e s p e c ia l r e p o r t s o r m e m o r a n d a f o r i n f o r m a t io n o f s u p e r i o r .

STEN O G RAPH ER,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y du ty is to ta k e d ic t a t io n f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e it h e r in s h o r th a n d o r b y s t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g a
n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y , an d to t r a n s c r i b e th is d ic t a t io n o n a t y p e ­
w r i t e r . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d k e e p
f i l e s in o r d e r , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c l u d e t r a n ­
s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k (s e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c b i n e o p e r a t o r ) .

STENOGRAPHER,

T E C H N IC A L

P r i m a r y du ty is to ta k e d ic t a t io n f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e it h e r in s h o r th a n d o r b y s t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g a
v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r
r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a n d t o t r a n s c r i b e th is d ic t a t io n on a
t y p e w r i t e r . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y .
M a y a ls o s e t up and
k e e p f i l e s in o r d e r , k eep s i m p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o rk .

17

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

T R A N S C R IB I N G -M A C H IN E

O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d .
D u tie s i n v o l v e h a n d lin g i n c o m in g , o u tg o in g , an d in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e
c a lls .
M a y r e c o r d t o l l c a l l s an d ta k e m e s s a g e s .
M a y g iv e i n f o r ­
m a t io n t o p e r s o n s w h o c a l l in , o r o c c a s i o n a l l y ta k e t e le p h o n e o r d e r s .
F o r w o r k e r s w h o a l s o a c t a s r e c e p t io n is t s s e e s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r r e c e p tio n is t.

ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y and d o s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o r k . W o r k e r s t r a n ­
s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u ­
l a r y s u c h a s l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t
in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w h o ta k e s d ic t a t io n in sh o r th a n d o r b y s t e n o t y p e
o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.

OPERATOR,

GENERAL -

C on tin u ed

T Y P IS T
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r , on a s in g le p o s i ­
t io n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w it c h b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o
ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u la r d u t ie s . T h is
ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e the m a j o r p a r t o f t h i s w o r k e r !s t im e
w h ile a t s w it c h b o a r d .

U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia l o r to
m a k e ou t b i l l s a f t e r c a lc u l a t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n .
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g l it t le s p e c i a l t r a in in g , s u c h a s k e e p ­
in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f ili n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s o r s o r t in g and d i s t r i b ­
u tin g in c o m in g m a i l .
C l a s s A - P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
T y p in g
m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m f r o m v e r y r o u g h an d in v o lv e d d r a ft; c o p y ­
in g f r o m p la in o r c o r r e c t e d c o p y in w h ic h t h e r e is a fr e q u e n t an d
v a r i e d u s e o f t e c h n ic a l a n d u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f r o m f o r e i g n - l a n ­
g u a g e c o p y ; c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s , o r p la n ­
n in g la y o u t o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y
an d b a la n c e in s p a c in g ; ty p in g t a b le s f r o m r o u g h d r a ft in fin a l
fo rm .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils to su it
c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s m a c h in e th at a u t o m a t ic a lly a n a ly z e s an d t r a n s l a t e s
in f o r m a t io n p u n c h e d in g r o u p s o f ta b u la tin g c a r d s an d p r in t s t r a n s ­
la t e d d a ta on f o r m s o r a c c o u n t in g r e c o r d s ; s e t s o r a d ju s t s m a c h in e ;
d o e s s i m p l e w ir i n g o f p lu g b o a r d s a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b lis h e d p r a c t i c e o r
d i a g r a m s ; p l a c e s c a r d s to b e ta b u la te d in f e e d m a g a z in e a n d s t a r t s
m a c h in e . M a y f i l e c a r d s a f t e r th e y a r e ta b u la te d . M a y , in a d d it io n ,
o p e r a te a u x ilia r y m a c h in e s .
T R A N S C R IB I N G -M A C H IN E

r o u t in e

P r i m a r y d u ty is
v o c a b u la r y fr o m

OPERATOR,

GENERAL

t o t r a n s c r i b e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l
t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o

P rofession a l

DRAFTSM AN,

J U N IO R

( A s s is t a n t d r a f t s m a n )

D r a w s to s c a l e u n its o r p a r t s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y d r a f t s ­
m a n o r o t h e r s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , o r m a n u fa c t u r in g p u r ­
poses.
U s e s v a r i o u s t y p e s o f d r a ftin g t o o l s as r e q u i r e d . M a y p r e ­
p a r e d r a w in g s f r o m s i m p l e p la n s o r s k e t c h e s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r d u tie s
u n d e r d i r e c t i o n o f a d r a ft s m a n .




C la s s B - P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g :
T y p in g
f r o m r e l a t i v e l y c l e a r o r ty p e d d r a ft s ; r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s ,
in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c '.; s e t t in g up s i m p le s ta n d a r d ta b u la tio n s , o r
c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b le s a l r e a d y s e t u p and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

and

Technical

DRAFTSM AN,

LEADER

P la n s a n d d i r e c t s a c t i v i t i e s o f on e o r m o r e d r a ft s m e n in p r e p ­
a r a t io n o f w o r k in g p la n s and d e t a il d r a w in g s f r o m r o u g h o r p r e l i m i n a r y
s k e t c h e s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t i o n , o r m a n u fa c tu r in g p u r p o s e s .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g ;
I n te r p r e t in g b l u e ­
p r i n t s , s k e t c h e s , a n d w r it t e n o r v e r b a l o r d e r s ; d e t e r m in in g w o r k p r o ­
c e d u r e s ; a s s ig n in g d u tie s to s u b o r d in a t e s a n d in s p e c t in g t h e ir w o r k ;
p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d if f i c u lt p r o b l e m s . M a y a s s i s t s u b o r d in a t e s d u rin g
e m e r g e n c i e s o r a s a r e g u la r a s s i g n m e n t , o r p e r f o r m r e la t e d d u tie s
o f a s u p e r v i s o r y o r a d m in is t r a t iv e n a t u r e .

18

D R A F T S M A N , S E N IO R

N URSE,

P r e p a r e s w o r k in g p la n s an d d e t a il d r a w in g s f r o m n o t e s ,
r o u g h o r d e t a ile d s k e t c h e s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , o r m a n u ­
fa c t u r in g p u r p o s e s .
D u t ie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P r e p a r in g w o r k in g p la n s , d e t a il d r a w in g s , m a p s , c r o s s - s e c t i o n s , e t c . ,
to s c a l e b y u s e o f d r a ft in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g e n g in e e r in g c o m p u t a ­
t io n s su ch a s t h o s e in v o lv e d in s t r e n g th o f m a t e r i a l s , b e a m s , a n d
t r u s s e s ; v e r if y in g c o m p le t e d w o r k , c h e c k in g d im e n s io n s , m a t e r i a l s to
b e u s e d , and q u a n t it ie s ; w r it in g s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; m a k in g a d ju s t m e n t s o r
c h a n g e s in d r a w in g s o r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
M a y in k in l i n e s an d l e t t e r s
on p e n c i l d r a w in g s , p r e p a r e d e t a il u n its o f c o m p le t e d r a w in g s , o r
t r a c e d r a w in g s .
W o rk i s fr e q u e n t ly in a s p e c i a l i z e d f i e l d s u c h a s
a r c h it e c t u r a l , e l e c t r i c a l , m e c h a n ic a l, o r s t r u c t u r a l d r a ft in g .

th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u t ie s in v o l v e <
1
c o m b in a t io n o f the f o llo w in g ;
G iv in g f i r s t a id to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ;
a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e 's i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; c o n d u c tin g p h y s ic a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a lu a t io n s
o f a p p lic a n t s and e m p lo y e e s ; an d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y i n g o u t p r o g r a m s
in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t
e n v ir o n m e n t , o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d
s a fe t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

N URSE,

C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s , b y p la c i n g
t r a c in g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r d r a w in g a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
U s e s T - s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , an d o t h e r d r a ft in g t o o l s .
M ay p r e p a r e
s i m p le d r a w in g s an d d o s im p le l e t t e r i n g .

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G I S T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e to i l l o r in ju r e d
e m p lo y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r an a c c id e n t on

Maintenance

CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t an d
m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b in s ,
c r ib s , c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t itio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s i n g s ,
and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f
the f o llo w in g : P la n n in g an d la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r in t s , d r a w ­
in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t io n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's
h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , an d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ;
m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ;
s e l e c t in g m a t e r ia l s n e c e s s a r y f o r fh e w o r k . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f
the m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n ­
in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c t io n s s u c h a s th e
in s t a lla t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t in g ,
d is t r ib u t io n , o r u t ili z a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g a n y o f a
v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t i u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s ,
s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s ,




IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D ) -

C o n tin u e d

TRACER

nd

Powerplant

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

-

C o n tin u e d

c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m b l u e ­
p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t, o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g a n d d i a g ­
n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d
c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w ir i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l
e q u ip m e n t ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 1s h a n d t o o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g
a n d t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a ll y a c q u i r e d
th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n
o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p ­
p ly th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t , r e f r i g e r a ­
t io n , o r a i r - c o n d i t i o n i n g . W o r k i n v o l v e s :
O p e r a t in g a n d m a in t a in in g
e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o ­
t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n t ila t in g an d r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s
an d b o i l e r - f e d w a te r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; k e e p in g a
r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p ­
tio n . M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e se o p e r a t io n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g in e e r s
in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n o n e e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d

19

F IR E M A N ,

S T A T I O N A R Y B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h the e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r , o r s t e a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y h an d
o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s, or o il b u r n e r ; c h e c k s w a ter
an d s a f e t y v a l v e s .
M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
HELPER,

TRADES,

M A IN T E N A N C E

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i lle d m a in te n a n c e
t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h
a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia l s and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k ­
in g a r e a , m a c h in e , an d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g w o r k e r b y h o ld in g m a ­
t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y j o u r ­
n e y m a n . T h e k in d o f w o r k th e h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s
fr o m tra d e to tra d e ;
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to s u p ­
p ly in g , l if t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r ia l s and t o o ls and c le a n in g w o r k in g
a r e a s ; an d in o t h e r s h e is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e
o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a tr a d e that a r e a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s
on a fu ll-tim e b a s is .
M A C H I N E -T O O L

OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e ty p e s o f m a c h in e
t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s , c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e
la t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h in e s in th e c o n s t r u c t io n o f m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d ie s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g an d p e r f o r m i n g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g
it e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p l i c a t e d se tu p s o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g an d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s
d u r in g o p e r a t io n t o a c h ie v e r e q u is i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y
b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h en t o o ls n e e d d r e s s i n g , to d r e s s t o o l s ,
an d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s and c u ttin g and lu b r ic a t i n g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l ­
r o o m in t o o l an d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s
o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; I n t e r p r e t in g w r it t e n i n s t r u c ­
t io n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a ­
r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t s h a n d to o ls ’an d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ;
s e t t in g up an d o p e r a t in g s ta n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l
p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t ­
in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , fe e d s and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ;
k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e l e c t i n g
s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , an d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o r k ; f i t ­
tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t . In g e n e r a l, th e
m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u ir e s a r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h i n e s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a ll y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .




M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E

(M A IN T E N A N C E )

R e p a ir s a u t o m o b il e s , b u s s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , an d t r a c t o r s o f
an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
E x a m in in g
a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
e q u ip m e n t an d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th at in v o lv e the u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s ­
a s s e m b li n g o r fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r t s f r o m
s t o c k ; g r in d in g an d a d ju s tin g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g an d in s t a llin g th e
v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e an d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n t s ;
a lin in g w h e e l s , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o t iv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d
t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e ­
sh ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m en t.
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s
an d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is m a n t lin g
o r p a r t l y d is m a n t lin g m a c h in e s an d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a ir s th at m a in ly
in v o lv e th e u s e o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p in g an d fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b t a in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g the
p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh op o r s e n d in g o f
th e m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r in g w r it te n
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p r o d u c t io n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d
f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a l l n e c e s s a r y
a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
in v o lv e s e t tin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
In s t a lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t and d is m a n t le s and
in s t a ll s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t l a y ­
ou t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and
la y in g ou t o f the w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls -a n d r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d sh op c o m ­
p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f
g r a v it y ; a lin in g and b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t in g s ta n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u ip m e n t and p a r t s to b e u s e d ; in s t a llin g an d m a in ta in in g in g o o d
o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r iv e s an d s p e e d r e ­
d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a r o u n d ­
ed t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R

s u r fa c e s

L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o i l o r g r e a s e , th e m o v in g p a r t s
o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b lis h m e n t .

o r w e a r in g

20

P A IN T E R ,

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in ts a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a ll s , w o o d w o r k , an d f i x t u r e s o f an
e sta b lis h m e n t,,
W o r k in v o l v e s th e fo llo w in g :
K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e
p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d ty p e s o? p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ;
p r e p a r in g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p la c i n g
p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s an d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y
gun o r b r u s h .
M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ? w h ite le a d , an d o th e r p a in t
in g r e d ie n t s to o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f the m a in t e n a n c e p a in t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x ­
p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

In s t a lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f p ip e
and p ip e fit t in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w ­
in g : L a y in g ou t o f w o r k an d m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m
d r a w in g s o r o t h e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l an d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r
p ip e -c u t t in g m a c h in e ; th r e a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s an d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e
b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w ith c o u ­
p lin g s and fa s t e n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u t a ­
tio n s r e la t in g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , an d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; m a k in g
sta n d a r d te s ts to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f in is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a ­
t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p ip e fi t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W ork ers p r i­
m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g a n d r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n o r h e a t ­
in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r .
W o r k in v o l v e s ; K n o w le d g e o f s a n it a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g in s t a lla t io n o f
v e n ts and tr a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g p ip e s and
f ix t u r e s ; o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a in s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r T s n a k e .
s
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a ll y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e ­
sh ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

Custodial

and

GUARD

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a ll s , an d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t m e t a l e q u ip m e n t an d f ix t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s ,
s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o f i n g )
o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g
an d la y in g ou t a l l ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e ­
p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g up an d o p e r a t in g a l l
a v a i la b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l - w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f
h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , fit t in g , a n d a s s e m ­
b lin g ; in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d .
In g e n e r a l, th e
w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ;

jig m a k e r;

to o lm a k e r ;

fix tu r e m a k e r; gau ge m a k e r)

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a ir s m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s , j i g s , f i x ­
t u r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g i n g s , p u n ch in g a n d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g an d la y in g ou t o f w o r k
f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f t o o l an d d ie m a k e r ls h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls and a l l o y s ; s e t tin g up an d o p e r a t in g o f m a c h in e t o o l s
a n d r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g
to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o l in g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n a s w e l l a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s
an d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l it i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fit t in g an d a s s e m b li n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s an d a l l o w a n c e s ;
s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l,
the t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r ls w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h i n e sh o p an d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r s
in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

M aterial

M ovement

J A N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR C L E A N E R

(S w e e p e r ; c h a r w o m a n ; ja n i t r e s s )
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t ie s , e it h e r a t f i x e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s g a te m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te and c h e c k on id e n t it y o f
e m p lo y e e s and o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .




C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d i t io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s
an d w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m ­
m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u tie s in v o l v e a c o m b i n a t io n o f th e

21

J A N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR CLEANER

-

C on tin u ed

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

fo l l o w i n g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e ­
m o v in g c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e ,
o r f i x t u r e s ; p o li s h in g m e t a l f ix t u r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v i d in g s u p p lie s
an d m i n o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , an d
r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .
LABORER,

C o n tin u e d

M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g th e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t .
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s :
V e r if y in g o r d ir e c t in g o t h e r s in v e r if y in g
th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r
r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s an d r e je c t i n g d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u tin g
m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d f i l e s .

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r and s t a c k e r ;
s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e lp e r ; w a r e h o u s e m a n o r

s h e lv e r ; tr u ck e r ;
w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t,
s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o l v e on e o r m o r e o f
th e f o l l o w i n g : L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s an d m e r c h a n ­
d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ;
u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g m a t e r ia l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r
s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r ia l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e b y h and t r u c k ,
c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w » L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d an d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RD ER F IL L E R
(O r d e r p ic k e r ;

s to c k s e le c to r ; w areh ou se

stock m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p , c u s t o m e r
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d itio n to f i l l i n g o r d e r s an d
in d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s ,
r e q u i s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k , o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r ,
an d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u tie s .
PACKER,

-

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e ­
s p o n s ib l e f o r in c o m in g s h ip m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s :
A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i la b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n an d r a t e s ; an d p r e ­
p a r in g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t ­
in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and k e e p in g a f i l e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s .




are

c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s ;

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g an d " r e c e iv in g c l e r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c i t y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f
e s t a b lis h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t s , f r e ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e ­
h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s an d c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s .
M ay a lso
lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n ic a l
r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n an d
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e
a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t , a s f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on
th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y ) .
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g
th e m in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g
d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , an d n u m b e r o f u n its to b e p a c k e d , the
ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p l o y e d , an d m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o r k r e q u ir e s
th e p la c i n g o f i t e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e on e o r
m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r
t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e a n d s i z e o f c o n t a in e r ;
i n s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to
p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a lin g c o n t a in e r ; a p p ly in g
la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n t ify in g data on c o n t a in e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o
m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

w ork ers

lig h t (u n d e r 1V2 t o n s )
m e d iu m ( IV 2 t o an d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r - ty p e )

Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER,

POW ER

O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d
t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s an d m a t e r ia l s o f a ll k in d s a b ou t
a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .

tru ck ,

F o r w a g e s tu d y
as fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

pow er
pow er

p u rp oses,

w ork ers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f

(fo r k l if t )
(o th e r than f o r k l i f t )

W ATCHM AN

M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y
a g a in s t f i r e , th e ft, a n d i l l e g a l e n t r y .
'A' U. S . G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E

: 1955 O - -

339206




F o r the con v e n ie n ce o f u s e r s o f B LS data, c o p ie s o f b u lle tin s m a y a ls o b e p u rch a s e d fr o m the
fo llo w in g s a le s o f f ic e s :

U. S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics
341 Ninth A ven u e
N ew Y o rk 1, N. Y.

U. S. D ep artm en t o f L a b o r
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics
105 W est A d a m s S treet
C h ica g o 3, 111,

U. S. D ep artm en t o f L a b or
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics
630 S an som e S treet
San F r a n c is c o 11, C a lif.

O ccu p a tio n a l w age su rv e y s a re b ein g con d u cted in 17 m a jo r la b o r m a rk e ts during late 1954 and
e a r ly 1955. B u lletin s fo r the follow in g a r e a s a r e now a v a ila b le and m a y be p u rch a s e d fr o m the S u per­
intendent o f D o cu m e n ts, G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashin gton 25, D. C. , o r fr o m any o f the re g io n a l
s a le s o f f ic e s lis t e d a b ov e.

L a b o r M a rk et
B u ffa lo , N . Y.
C le v e la n d , Ohio
D a lla s , T e x .
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a.
M in n e a p o lis -S t. P a u l,
M inn.
D e n v e r , C o lo .
San F r a n c is c o O akland, C a lif.
N e w a r k -J e r s e y
C ity , N. J.
M e m p h is , Tenn.




S u rvey P e r io d

B LS B u lletin
N um ber

P r ic e

S e p te m b e r 1954
O c to b e r 1954
S e p te m b e r 1954
N o v e m b e r 1954

1172-1
1 1 72-2
1172-3
1 1 72 -4

25
25
20
25

N o v e m b e r 1954
D e c e m b e r 1954

1172-5
1172-6

20 cen ts
25 cen ts

January 1955

1172-7

20 cen ts

D e c e m b e r 1954
F e b ru a ry 1955

1 1 72-8
1172-9

20 cen ts
20 cen ts

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102