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SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, CALIF.
JANUARY 1955

BLS

Bulletin No. 1172-7

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Aryness Joy Wickens, Acting Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, CALIF.
January

1955

B u l l e t i n N o . 1 1 7 2 -7
U NITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Aryness Joy Wickens, Acting Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

Price 20 cents

C ON T E N T S
Page

INTRODUCTION _______________________ - _________________________________________

1

TABLES:
A:

B:

A P P E N D IX :




O ccu p ation al ea rn in gs * A - 1 O ffic e o ccu p a tio n s ____________________________________________
A -2
P r o fe s s io n a l and te ch n ica l o c c u p a t io n s _____________________
A - 3 M aintenance and p ow erp lan t o c c u p a t io n s ___________________
A -4
C u stod ia l and m a te ria l m ov em en t o c c u p a t io n s ____________

3
6
7
8

E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en tary wage p r o v is io n s B - 1 Shift d iffe re n tia l p r o v is io n s * _______________________________
B -2
M inim um en tra n ce ra te s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ______
B -3
F re q u e n cy o f w age paym ent _________________________________
B -4
Sch edu led w eek ly h o u r s * ____________________________________
B -5
P a id h olida y p r o v i s i o n s * ____________________________________
B -6
P a id v a c a tio n s * ______________________________________________

10
11
12
12
13
14

Job d e s c r ip tio n s ___________________________________________________

16

* N OTE:
S im ila r tabu lation s (a ls o c o v e r in g health, in su ra n ce,
and p e n sio n p lan s) a re a v a ila b le in the San F ra n c is co -O a k la n d
a re a r e p o r ts fo r January o f ea ch y e a r , sin ce 1950.
The 1954
r e p o r t a ls o p r o v id e s tabu lation s o f w age stru ctu re c h a r a c t e r ­
is t ic s , la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n ts , and o v e rtim e pay p r o v i­
s io n s . A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g date of study and the p r ic e o f the
r e p o r t s , a s w e ll as r e p o r t s fo r oth er m a jo r a re a s , is a v a ila b le
upon re q u e st.
A cu r re n t r e p o r t on o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in gs and sup p lem en tary
w age p r a c t ic e s is a ls o a v a ila b le fo r the m a ch in e ry in d u stries in
the San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d a re a (D e ce m b e r 1954). Union s c a le s ,
in d ica tiv e o f p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re a v a ila b le fo r the fo llo w ­
ing tra d e s o r in d u strie s:
B u ildin g co n s tru ctio n , prin tin g, lo c a l
tra n sit op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u ck d r iv e r s .

OCCUPATIONAL

WAGE

SAN

SURVEY

Introduction

CALIF.

D ata a r e sh o w n fo r f u ll - t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e . th o se h ir e d
to w o r k a f u ll - t i m e s c h e d u le f o r the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n .
E a r n in g s d ata e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p ay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r
w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
N o n p ro d u ctio n b o ­
n u s e s a r e a ls o e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s and in ce n tiv e
e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h ere w e e k ly h o u rs a r e r e p o r t e d , as fo r
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the w o r k s c h e d u le s
(r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf-h o u r ) f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s
a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e se o c c u p a tio n s h ave b e e n
r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t 50 c e n t s .

T h e San F r a n c i.s c o -O a y .a n d a r e a is one o f s e v e r a l i m p o r ­
tant in d u s t r ia l c e n t e r s in w h ich the B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s
has c o n d u c t e d s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d w a ge
b e n e fit s on an a r e a w id e b a s is .
In e a c h a r e a , data a r e o b ta in e d
b y p e r s o n a l v is i t s o f B u r e a u fie ld a g en ts to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in 6 b r o a d in d u s try d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa ctu rin g ;
t r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a il r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r
p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e ,
and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r in d u str y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d
f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t in s titu tio n s and the c o n s t r u c ­
tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g fe w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s w e r e a ls o o m itte d s in c e th e y
fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d to w a r ­
ra n t in c lu s io n . * W h e r e v e r p o s s ib l e , s e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e
1
p r o v id e d f o r the in d iv id u a l b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e f e r to the to ta l in
a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the stu d y and not to the
n u m b e r a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l
s t r u c t u r e a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l
e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e the r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e s e d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot m a t e r ia lly
a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s d ata.

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e
o f the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s ,
and to e n s u r e p r o m p t p u b lic a tio n o f r e s u lt s .
T o o b ta in a p p r o ­
p r ia t e a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g the d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t.
E s t im a t e s a r e p r e s e n t e d t h e r e fo r e as r e la tin g to a ll e s t a b l is h ­
m e n ts in the in d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a , but n ot to th o s e b e lo w
the m in im u m s iz e s tu d ie d . 2

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s
W age P r o v is i o n s

and S u p p le m e n ta ry

I n fo r m a t io n is a ls o p r e s e n te d on s e le c t e d e s ta b lis h m e n t
p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fit s as th ey r e la t e to o f f ic e and
plant w o r k e r s . T he t e r m , " o f f i c e w o r k e r s " , as u sed in
th is
b u lle tin in c lu d e s a ll o f f ic e c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s and e x c lu d e s a d ­
m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l p e r s o n n e l.
"P la n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e
fu n c tio n s . A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ic a l
e m p l o y e e s , and f o r c e a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t io n e m p lo y e e s w ho a r e
u tiliz e d as a s e p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d . C a fe t e r ia w o r k e r s
and r o u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s but a r e
in c lu d e d as plan t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s .

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
O c c u p a tio n a l c la s s if i c a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f
jo b d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a c c o u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t
v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e jo b (s e e A p p e n d ix f o r lis t in g
o f th e s e d e s c r i p t i o n s ) . E a rn in g s data a r e p r e s e n te d f o r the f o l ­
lo w in g ty p e s o f o c c u p a t io n s : (a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l
and t e c h n ic a l; (c) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t; and (d) c u s t o d ia l
and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t .

* T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e
in San F r a n c i s c o , C a lif . , b y W illia m P . O 'C o n n o r u n d er the
d ir e c t io n o f Joh n L . D an a, R e g io n a l W age and In d u s tr ia l R e ­
la t io n s A n a ly s t.
1 S ee fo llo w in g ta b le f o r m in im u m -s iz e e s ta b lis h m e n t c o v ­
e r e d b y stu d y .
A n e x c e p t io n is m ade in the ta b u la tion o f m in im u m e n ­
t r a n c e r a te s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s w h ich r e la t e s to p r o v is io n s
in e s t a b lis h m e n t s a c tu a lly stu d ied .




F R A N C ISC O - O A K L A N D ,

S h ift - d iff e r e n t ia l data a r e lim it e d to m a n u fa ctu rin g in ­
d u s t r ie s .
T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d b o th in te r m s of (a)
e s ta b lis h m e n t p o l i c y 3 and (b) e ff e c t iv e p r o v i s i o n s f o r w o r k e r s

3
A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h avin g a p o lic y if it
m e t e it h e r o f the fo llo w in g c o n d it io n s :
( l ) O p e r a te d la te sh ifts
at the tim e o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g
la te s h ift s .
(1)

2

a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on e x tr a sh ifts at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
T abu lation s r e la tin g to e s ta b lis h m e n t p o lic y a r e p r e s e n te d in
te r m s o f tota l plant w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t; e s tim a te s in the s e c o n d
tabu lation re la te on ly to th o se w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the
s p e c ifie d sh ift.
S u p p lem en ta ry p r a c t i c e s , o th e r than m in im u m e n tra n ce
ra te s fo r w om en o ff ic e w o r k e r s , and sh ift d iffe r e n t ia ls , a r e
tre a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is that th e se a r e p r o v id e d to a ll
w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o ff ic e s o r plant d ep a rtm e n ts that o b s e r v e
the p r a c t ic e in q u e s t io n .4* B e c a u s e o f v a ry in g e lig ib ilit y r e ­

4 S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u rs fo r o ff ic e w o r k e r s (f ir s t s e c tio n
o f table B -4 ) a re p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f the p r o p o r tio n o f w om en
o ff ic e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o ff ic e s w ith the in d ica te d w e e k ly h o u rs
fo r w om en w o r k e r s .

q u ir e m e n ts , the p r o p o r tio n a ctu a lly r e c e iv in g the s p e c if ic b e n e fits
m ay be s m a lle r .
M o r e o v e r , a p r a c t ic e w as c o n s id e r e d as a p ­
p lic a b le to a ll o ffic e or plant w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t if it
a p p lie d to a m a jo r ity o f su ch w o r k e r s .
B e c a u s e o f rou n d in g ,
su m s o f in dividual item s in th ese ta b u la tion s d o n ot n e c e s s a r il y
equal to ta ls.
.The su m m a ry o f v a ca tio n p lan s is lim it e d to fo r m a l
a r r a n g e m e n ts , e x clu d in g in fo rm a l p lan s w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith
pay is g ra n ted at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r or the s u p e r ­
v is o r .
S ep a ra te e stim a te s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r
p r a c t ic e in com p u tin g v a ca tio n p a y m en ts, su ch as tim e p a y m e n ts,
p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , o r fla t -s u m a m o u n ts.
H o w e v e r , in
the ta b u la tion s o f v a ca tio n a llo w a n ce s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y ­
m ents not on a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r te d ; fo r e x a m p le , a p aym en t
of 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in g s was c o n s id e r e d as the eq u iv a len t
o f 1 w eek*s pay.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y an d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , 1 b y M a jo r In d u s t r y D iv i s io n ,

M in im u m s i z e
e s t a b l is h m e n t
in s c o p e o f
s tu d y 2

In d u stry d iv is io n

A ll d i v i s i o n s

......... ........

_

..

............

M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
c o m m u n ic a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4 _____________
W h o le s a le t r a d e .... . ........ .....
R e t a il t r a d e .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e . . ...
S e r v ic e s 6

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W ith in
scope of
s tu d y

J a n u a r y 1955

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
T ota l 3

O ff ic e

P la n t

T o ta l 3

1148

248

3 1 7 ,2 0 0

8 2 ,2 0 0

1 7 6 ,2 0 0

1 6 2 ,3 4 0

-

358
790

81
167

1 2 7 ,5 0 0
1 8 9 ,7 0 0

2 2 ,9 0 0
5 9 ,3 0 0

8 6 ,9 0 0
8 9 ,3 0 0

5 9 ,2 0 0
1 0 3 ,1 4 0

101
51
101
51
51

69
2 52
129
175
165

28
34
48
33
24

5 5 ,6 0 0
3 2 ,9 0 0
4 2 ,4 0 0
3 7 ,3 0 0
2 1 ,5 0 0

2 9 ,8 0 0
1 2 ,3 0 0
3 1 ,2 0 0
5
1 ,9 0 0

4 6 ,0 4 0
6 ,7 4 0
2 6 ,2 3 0
1 7 ,2 9 0
6 ,8 4 0

101

8 ,8 0 0
1 1 ,8 0 0
6 ,1 0 0
2 8 ,9 0 0
(7 1
)
5
4
3
*

C
)

1 San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d M e t r o p o li t a n A r e a ( A la m e d a , C o n tr a C o s t a , M a r in , San F r a n c i s c o , San M a t e o , and S o la n o C o u n t ie s ). T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t im a t e s
sh ow n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e an d c o m p o s i t i o n o f the l a b o r f o r c e i n c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . T h e e s t im a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e
a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r a r e a e m p lo y m e n t i n d i c e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s the u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t da ta c o m ­
p i le d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
I n c lu d e s a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith to t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m s i z e l im i t a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e ,
au to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , an d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s o n e e s t a b l is h m e n t .
3 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , t e c h n i c a l , p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e o f f i c e and p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
A l s o e x c l u d e s t a x i c a b s , an d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n in c lu d e d in e a r l i e r s t u d ie s .
5 E s t im a t e r e l a t e s to r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s o n ly .
H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; r a d i o b r o a d c a s t i n g an d t e l e v i s i o n ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f it m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g i n e e r ­
ing and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in the S e r ie s A an d B t a b l e s , a lth o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s i n s u f f i c ie n t to j u s t i f y s e p a ­
r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta .

4




3

A:

Occupational Earnings

Table

A-l: Offipe Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w ee k ly hours and e a rn in g s 1 fo r s e le c te d o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
in San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a lif . , b y in d u stry d iv is io n , Janu ary 1 9 5 5 )
A verage
Number
of
workers

N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G S T R A I G H T - T I M E W E E K L Y E A R N I N G S O F

lender

<
4 0 .0 0

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

4 0 .0 0

6 2 .5 0

6 5 .0 0

6 7 .5 0

S
7 0 .0 0

S
7 2 .5 0

6 2 .5 0

6 5 .0 0

6 7 .5 0

7 0 .0 0

72 .5 0

7 5 .0 0

4 7 .5 0

$
5 0 .0 0

%
5 2 .5 0

S
5 5 .0 0

$
5 7 .5 0

t
6 0 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 2 .5 0

5 5 .0 0

5 7 .5 0

6 0 .0 0

»

and
under

4 2 .5 0

4 5 .0 0

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

%
4 5 .0 0

4 7 .5 0

S

S

S

7 5 .0 0

*
80 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

S
$
8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

$

9 5 .0 0

S
%
9 5 . 0C 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0

and
over

100.0C 1 0 5 .0 0

M en
C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s A
M a n u fa ctu rin g ____ ________,__________ __
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
W h o le s a le tr a d e
F in a n c e * *

792

3 9 .5

$
8 1 .0 0

403

3 9 .5

8 2 .5 0

389

3 9 .5

7 9 .5 0

101

3 9 .0

8 3 .0 0

187

4 0 .0

7 7 .5 0

_
_

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

67

3 8 .0

8 2 .0 0

-

-

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c la s s B _____________
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
W h o le s a le tr a d e ____________________
F in a n c e * *
_

451

3 9 .5

6 8 ,5 0

_

_

7 2 .5 0

C le r k s , o r d e r
M a n u fa ctu rin g
_
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
W h o le s a le tr a d e

_

_

_
_

-

-

2

_

_

.

.....

O ffic e b o y s _____
. . . . ............. ........
M a n u fa ctu rin g
_
_ .._ .
_
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
_ ...... .......
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
. _ _
W h o le s a le tr a d e ___________________
F in a n c e * *
.
_ .................. .
.
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ___________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
F in a n c e * * _ .. . .
_ ... .

29

22

53

16

12

12

-------21

17

86

88

149
90

84

9
20

20
n r

30

&

26

12

7

13

112

68

59

58

l6
_

12

28

2

7

20

6

11

42

3

67

46

23

6

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

_

3
3

_

3

7

_

14

14

14

198

156

-

-

-

-

2

6

-

2

15

11

23

26

56

14

75

37

17

26

46

44

5

13

17

_

8

50

5

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 6 .5 0

4 0 .0

6 5 . 50

_

_

116

3 8 .5

6 1 .5 0

-

-

3 9 .5

8 3 .0 0

_

3 9 .5

8 3 .5 0

4 0 .0

83 .0 0

_
-

388

4 0 .0

8 3 . 50

-

-

-

-

-

134

3 9 .0

81 .5 0

.

_

1

_

1

-

-

.
-

-

44

125

67

_
_

-

2

34

12

_

-

-

-

10

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

16

1

7

4

34

25

49

_

_

14

17

8

3

18

8

46

_

2

4

18

27

-

-

4

1

17

1

2

-

17

10

14

-

-

-

-

17

10

6

3

_

.

1

2

6

12

6

-

1

-

-

-

2

6

-

-

-

2

_
_
-

,

_

_
-

_

-

-

-

91

57

4

23

27

4

12

68

30

_

22

25

-

22

3

7

6
6

6

_

37
_

-

15

8

-

-

-

-

15

11

31

19

113

181

92

4

12

-

54

51

50

7

19

59

130

42

19

19
15

59

123

26

63

1

14

14

18

35

8

8 8 .5 0
74 .0 0

-

32

3 9 .5

7 6 .5 0

-

-

533

3 9 .0

5 0 .0 0

4

10

125

76

42

13

13

176

4 0 .0

5 0 .0 0

-

-

20

31

37

44

20

10

-

-

3 8 .5

5 0 .5 0

4
_

10

24

94

30

81

56

9
33

5

357

8

7

3
-

14
_

-

1

_

22

_

3 9 .5

4

1

_

7

12

3

3 9 .0

_

_

24

4

37

69

_

_
-

14

58

22
15

13

1

_

65

4

—

4

142

4 9 .5 0

215

-

439

C l e r k s , p a y r o ll
. ...
_ . _
_.
M a n u fa ctu rin g
...
.
. .....
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _... _
_
_
_
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ____________________

11

_
_

14

699
260

__

_

-

309
77

2

_

-

34

_
-

-

_
_
-

-

_
"

_
-

1

34

-

-

-

-

8

11

26

8

1

7

12

6

1

14

6

7

-

-

-

1

13

4

7

-

2

1

9
4

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

14

-

|
1

40

3 9 .5

5 1 .5 0

-

-

26

10
-

2

3 9 .5

1
-

11

89

26

20

14

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

149

3 8 .0

4 9 .5 0

4

6

-

58

8

23

28

15

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

-

-

1
-

_

82

20

96

64

52

7

-

-

-

17

3

12

2

15

31

12

11

4

-

-

-

5

14

60

27

70

18

23

65

52

41

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

1

-

4

3

8

8

20

3
_

_

_

_

54

13

44

11

17

41

25

21

"

-

-

-

.

.

_

_

.

_

110

3 9 .5

7 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

37 9

3 9 .0

7 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

48

3 9 .5

7 9 .5 0

-

_

-

-

-

-

1
-

246

3 8 .5

7 1 .5 0

-

-

"

-

-

-

1

-

5

14

540

3 9 .5

6 0 .0 0

_

_

.

12

25

34

52

80

113

85

43

33

23

_

2

13

7

15

3

.

187

3 9 .5

6 5 . 50

-

-

-

-

1

2

1

4

26

58

24

31

4

-

2

13

7

14

-

-

-

353

3 9 .5

5 7 .0 0

-

-

-

12

24

32

51

76

87

27

2

19

-

-

-

-

1

3

-

-

-

71

3 8 .0

5 7 .5 0

"

-

-

*

-

12

12

6

21

7

19
13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

162

4 0 .0

59 . 50

-

.

-

-

-

-

14

68

34

11

9

1

11

10

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

_

157

4 0 .0

5 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

68

34

11

9

1

10

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

123

4 0 .0

5 9 .5 0

-

-

-

'

-

10

48

32

9

9

1

4

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

202

3 9 .0

6 9 .5 0

_

_

_

6

_

5

_

41

21

52

4

8

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

6

1

13

9

20

-

8

_

_

_

_

136

3 9 .0

6 7 .5 0

-

-

6

-

5

-

3

19
14

9
12

14
_

1

7 3 . 50

19
-

7

3 9 .0

3
-

21

66

1

14

-

28

12

32

4

-

-

-

-

-

31

4

489

3 9 .0

7 3 .5 0

.

5

14

77

30

38

_

.

3
3

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h i n e ) ______
M a n u fa ctu rin g .... ..
.. _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
W h o le s a le tr a d e
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e )
. ____
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
R e t a il tra d e
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s A
..
....
. ...........
M a n u fa ctu rin g
.. .
.
. ....
N on m a n u fa ctu r ing _____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _ _________________

80

3 8 .5

-

6 9 .5 0

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
** F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




12

7

12

_

O cc u p a tio n a l W age S u rv ey , San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a lif. , Jan uary 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

4

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu died on an a r e a b a s is
in San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a lif. , by in d u stry d iv is io n , Jan uary 1955)
Average
S ex , o ccu p ation , and in d u str y d iv isio n

Number
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Under l o . o o 4 2 . 5 0 1 5 . 0 0
Weekly
Weekly
earnings
hours
and
(Standard) (Standard)
l o . o o under
4 2 . 5 Q 4 5 ,0 0 , 4 7 . 5 0

4 7 .5 0

5 0 .0 0

1 2 .5 0

5 5 .0 0

5 7 .5 0

6 0 .0 0

6 2 .5 0

S
6 5 .0 0

6 7 .5 0

7 0 .0 0

7 2 .5 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 . 0 0 * 9 0 .0 0 * 9 5 .0 0 f o o .o o t 0 5 . 0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 2 .5 0

5 5 .0 0

5 7 .5 0

6 0 .0 0

6 2 .5 0

6 5 .0 0

6 7 .5 0

7 0 .0 0

7 2 .5 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

and
9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0

over

W om e n - C ontinu ed

B o o k k e ep in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B _____________ ____ ____ ___________ _
_
M an ufactu ring
N on m an ufactu ring
______
W h o le sa le tra d e ______________________
R e ta il tra d e ____________________________
F in a n c e **

1 .5 5 8
231
1 ,3 2 7
25 8
113
90 6

3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
5 7 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
5 6 .0 0
6 1 . 50
6 0 . OtT
5 3 . 50

C le r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s A
M an u factu rin g
_
N on m an ufactu ring
_
_ ......
.. .
W h o le sa le tra d e ______________________
R e ta il trade
F in a n c e **

1 .4 2 8
194
1 ,2 3 4
292
95
155

3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

7 1 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
7 0 . 50
7 5. 50
6 9 .0 0
6 4 . 50

C le r k s , accou ntin g, c la s s B ______________
M an ufactu ring
N on m an ufactu ring
P u b lic u tilit ie s *
W h o lesa le trade ______________________
R e ta il t r a d e ____________________________
F in a n c e * * _____ ____ w ________ ___

2 .2 4 3
40 0
1 ,8 4 3
244
424
351
733

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

5 9 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
5 7 .5 0
6 6 .0 0
6 3 .0 0
5 6 .0 0
5 3 .0 0

C le r k s , f ile , c la s s A
M an u factu rin g
_ _
N on m an ufactu ring _______________________
P u b lic u tilit ie s * ______________________
F in a n c e * * ____________________ __________

396
99
297
58
142

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

6 2 .0 0
6 5 . 50
6 0 . 50
6 9 .0 0
5 7 .5 0

-

C le r k s , file , c la s s B ....
M an ufactu ring ____________________________
N on m an ufactu ring _______________________
P u b lic u tilit ie s * ______________________
W h o le sa le tra d e
R e ta il trade ___________________________
F in a n c e * *

2 .2 2 1
160
2 ,0 6 1
21 3
247
81
1 ,3 6 5

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

4 8 .0 0
159
5 6 .0 0
4 7 .5 0
159
5 5 . 50
2
_
4 9 .0 0
_
5 0 .5 0
4 5 . 0 0 2 157

C le r k s , or d e r
M an ufactu ring
. ... ........... . _
N on m an ufactu ring _________________ _____
W h o le sa le tra d e ....................................
R e ta il tra d e _________________________ _

30 3
127
176
107
69

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 6 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
6 5 . 50
7 2 .5 0
5 5 .0 0

.

__
,
.
... .
C le r k s , p a y r o ll
M an ufactu ring ____________________ ______
N on m an ufactu ring _______________________
P u b lic u tilit ie s * ______________________
W h o le sa le tra d e ______________________
R e ta il tra de ___________________________
F in a n c e * * ,

965
47 0
495
65
191
115
100

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

6 8 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
7 0 . 50
6 2 . 50
6 5 .0 0

_

_
-

-

-

_
_
_
_

.
_
_

_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_

26

136
136
14
122

80
1
79
11
68

168
11
157
7
6
144

216
4
212
13
3
188

229
26
203
31
13
147

11
11
_
11

16
16
_
_
16

13
13
-

29
29
5
8

24
1
23
_

-

8
8
_
_
8

42
42
_
2
40

57
2
55
_
.
6
49

144
1
143
12
_
6
125

77
3
74
7
14
8
43

302
18
284
25
3
86
145

222
18
204
14
34
72
69

124
12
112
26

_
-

9
9
9

23

-

16
16
16

23
18

10
10
6
3

397
1
396
_
17
368

317
5
312
2
53
9
21 5

35 4
16
338
24
51
2
21 3

221
4
217
44
29
27
106

_

_
-

.

-

27
1
26

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

3

9
1
8
8

1
1
-

-

-

3
_
-

See foo tn o te s at end o f ta b le .
* T ra n sp o rta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
** F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




164
242
7 .
58
157
184
16
74
31
17
104
78

98
21
77
42
10
22

37
13
24
6
7
5

53
28
25
18
5
2

27
27
21
6

33
22
11
7
4

45
36
9
9
_

_
_
_

3
3
_

_
_
_

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

129
5
124
17
8

97
19
78
64
5
4

60
12
48
26
3
17

59
28
31
_
_

1
1
1

.
-

.

_

-

-

-

_

1
1

.

31
7
24
11

90
1
89
_
19
12

105
10
95
38
10
7

81
5
76
21
7
12

160
33
127
17
16
34

246
14
232
14
8
-

-

26 8
59
209
95
13
15

23
63

244
59
18 5
33
34
78
36

29 4
47
247
19
96
38
88

235
40
195
9
120
14
23

92
11
81
9
34
10
20

144
37
107
7
63
6
29

31
30
1
_
_
1

39
29
10
5
3
_
2

18
9
9
9
_
_

69
69
69
_
_

-

108
83
25
_
23
1
1

-

-

48
16
32
7
4

30
30
2
4

48
10
38
4
33

62
26
36
23

24
8
16
4
12

33
2
31
8
6

9
9
7
2

6
1
5
5

25
14
11
-

-

-

31
19
12
1
9

8
3
5
3

191
17
174
14
32
30
98

182
25
157
13
29
4
111

163
32
131
31
17
3
80

75
23
52
29
6
_

47
18
29
11
6
4
8

75
6
69
23
2

4
4
4
-

2
2
2
-

34
13
21
14
7
-

_

_
-

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11
_
11

4
4
4

46
10
36
36

20
2
18
12
6

7
7
6

40
21
19
12
7

51
39
12
12

_

21
14
7
7

12
12
12

14
8
6
6

26
9
17
17

-

-

-

-

-

30
17
13
9
4

-

-

_

6

8
6

93
37
56

76
46
30

77

33

3

3

11

5

2

6

5

4

15

3

3

24
16

17
32
10

35

56
16
15

33

1
_

96
35
61
1
48
11
1

45
25
20

1
1

105
58
47
4
J9
9
11

58
25

2

139
70
69

89

2

67
20
47
4

88

4

70
23
47

-

-

-

■

_
1

-

22

9

1

4

11

-

-

6

3

14

7

1
2

. _

-

_
-

_
_

-

-

_
_
_

_
_

.
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

14
14
14

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

.
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

8
6
2
2

8
_
8
8

1
1
_
_

2
_
2
2

2
_
2
2

-

-

-

-

9

3

_
_

6

21

14

3
3

2

3

2

_

23

2

_

_
_
_

-

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_

5

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a lif. , b y in d u s try d iv is io n , Jan u ary 1955)
Avei
S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
$
W
eekly
Weekly Under 4 0 .0 0 4 2 .5 0 4 5 .0 0 4 7 .5 0
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
4 0 .0 0 under
,4 2 .5 0 4 5 .0 0 4 7 .5 0 5 0 .0 0

5 0 .0 0 5 2 .5 0
52. 50 5 5 .0 0

S
t
%
•
»
1
*
S
$
$
s
5 5 .0 0 5 7 .5 0 60. 00 6 2 .5 0 6 5 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 7 0 .0 0 7 2 .5 0 75. 00 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00
and
5 7 .5 0 6 0 .0 0 6 2 .5 0 6 5 .0 0 67. 50 7 0 .0 0 7 2 .5 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00

W om en - C on tin u e d
C om p tom eter o p e r a to r s
M a n u fa ctu rin g
_ ......... .
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _____________________
R e t a il tr a d e .
.................
_
F in a n c e * *
.... .
_.

1 .8 6 5
559
1, 306
86
648
464
74

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

«
P
6 3 .0 0
6 4 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
6 3 .0 0
6 1 .0 0
5 5 .5 0

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(m im e o g r a p h o r d itto )
M a n u fa ctu rin g
^ ..................
.
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ____ ____________ _____

212
105
107

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

5 7 .0 0
5 8 .5 0
5 5 .5 0

K e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s ______________________
M a n u fa ctu r ing __________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ______________________
F in a n c e * * _____________________ '______

1. 509
304
1 ,2 0 5
139
141
831

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

6 0 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
5 9 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
5 7 .0 0

O ffic e g i r ls
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _____________________
F in a n c e * *

465
197
268
71
151

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

S e c r e t a r ie s __________________________________ 3 .3 8 5
M a n u fa ctu rin g
.
_
1 ,0 5 3
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________ 2 ,3 3 2
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _____________________
243
W h o le s a le tr a d e ____________________
583
R e ta il tr a d e _________________________
209
F in a n c e * *
1 ,0 1 0
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ____________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _____________________
R e ta il tr a d e __________________________
F in a n c e * *
. . ___ ____ _

_
_
-

_
_
-

-

-

_
-

1
1
-

.
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

-

4 9 .5 0
5 3 .0 0
4 6 .5 0
4 6 .5 0
4 5 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

74. 00
7 9 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
73. 50
6 9 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

3 ,6 6 1
1,27 6
2 ,3 8 5
418
398
157
1, 131

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

6 5 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
6 3 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
6 6 .5 0
6 3 .0 0
6 2 .5 0

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s _____________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________ _______________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _ .
... ...
R e ta il tr a d e __________________________
F in a n c e * *

942
178
764
96
104
160
187

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

5 9 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
5 7 .5 0
6 3 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
5 6 .0 0
5 9 .5 0

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s
M a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
W h o le s a le tr a d e _____________________
R e ta il tr a d e __________________________
F in a n c e * *

697
252
445
198
60
120

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

5 9 .5 0
6 2 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
5 6 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
5 8 .0 0

!

.
-

83
12
71
_
12
24
25

95
26
69
4
32
31
2

233
93
140
7
41
86
4

200
46
154
4
65
60
15

332
57
275
17
167
83
8

222
102
120
16
58
37
9

230
59
171
6
113
50
-

175
34
141
8
52
73
-

61
27
34
3
19
12
-

34
21
13
6
5
1
-

147
75
72
1
64
6
-

10
6
4
4
.
_

-

26
26
1
13
1
11

_
-

4
2
2

23
10
13

29
29

26
4
22

38
33
5

32
20
12

24
19
5

7
7

13
5
8

5
4
1

6
4
2

2
2
-

1
1
-

19

-

19
_
_
17

60
1
59
_
3
56

58
1
57
_
_
57

101
16
85
3
3
78

143
21
122
6
3
109

147
40
107
8
7
76

256
60
196
15
10
170

221
51
170
11
36
94

147
39
108
14
12
72

99
17
82
7
1
59

78
3
75
2
19
43

46
17
29
16
13
-

30
15
15
12
3
-

17
_
17
_
17

22
_
22
_
20

66
8
58
21
32

88
20
68
28
29

93
38
55
17
28

60
42
18
1
15

46
36
10
_
6

19
4
15
4
4

30
29
1
_

7
3
4
_

11
11
-

_
_

3
3
-

1
1
_

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
.

_
_

_
-

_
_
-

-

-

20
20
_
.
_
16

23
23
_
3
2
18

85
8
77
7
14
9
47

155
17
138
10
10
7
71

295
40
255
11
69
24
64

263
27
236
11
44
40
125

229
63
166
28
26
18
92

297
67
230
24
79
21
76

227
73
154
16
55
22
55

227
60
167
23
15
15
90

546
219
327
48
89
27
131

412
172
240
20
106
7
99

298
136
162
15
45
13
67

131
71
60
10
17
3
27

97
58
39
17
5
5

28
11
17
6
1
9

36
31
5
3

-

16
16
_
_
_
16

_

1
_
1
_
_
1

34
1
33
2
_
2
14

55
2
53
12
7
21

133
8
125
26
10
4
59

151
13
138
22
13
10
67

254
51
203
32
16
11
67

335
47
288
58
21
35
146

522
140
382
57
70
11
231

424
146
278
43
49
34
140

395
159
236
32
34
12
130

310
122
188
23
30
9
105

303
137
166
25
64
11
62

189
86
103
26
19
9
41

394
282
112
17
47
6
33

100
59
41
16
9
3
12

56
19
37
27
9
_
1

4
4
_
_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
.

_
-

-

1
_
1
_
_
_
1

-

-

-

*

1

_

8

18

23

218

108
17
91
11
26
14
28

90
6
84
8
24
22
28

92
6
86
20
9
19
36

50
17
33
6
5
6
8

62
21
41
3
17
4
17

36
11
25
2

58
41
17
3
12

38
23
15
12
2

47
16
31
12
3
6
10

11
11

7
7

„
_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

.
_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

52
15
37
14
8
3

103
48
55
17
8
27

65
32
33
24
6
3

80
40
40
22
1
11

56
16
40
20
1
19

47
19
28

8
8

.

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

_

-

_
-

_
_

-

_

_

-

_

1

-

8

13
5

19
3

7
13

75
2
73
11
6
46
10

35
1
34
21

91
4
87
56
12
17

92
47
45
20
9
3

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

8

18

_

-

-

23
1

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

_

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
12

See fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
** F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




7
7
_
7
-

-

13

-

218
7
_

-

4
19

-

7
12

-

10
1
9
9
_

_
_
_
_
.

•
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

1
.
1

_
.

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

95
14
81
45
31
'

8
8
_
_

1
1
_
_

_
_
.

_
_
_
_

_
.

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
_

_
_
-

_

_
-

_

.
_

_
-

-

-

_

1

-

25
1
24
3
7

15
11
4
-

15
10
5
1

-

_

-

-

-

-

■

-

_

_
_

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

i

;

.
2

_

_
_

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings 1 fo r s e le cte d o ccu p ation s studied on an area b a sis
in San F r a n cis c o -O a k la n d , C a lif. , by industry d iv isio n , January 1955)
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

W om en

-

Number
of
workers

S
S
$
s
$
S
s
$
S
S
$
>
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
Under 40. 00 42. 50 45. 00 47. 50 50. 00 52. 50 55. 00 57. 50 60. 00 62. 50 65. 00 67. 50 70. 00 72. 50 75. 00 80. 00 85. , 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00
and
and
t o . 0 0 under
42. 00 45. 00 47. 50 50. 00 52. 50 55. 00 57. 50 60. 00 62. 50 65. 00 67. 50 70. 00 72. 50 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90., 00 95. 00 100. 00 105.00 o v e r
$

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

Continued
*
P

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s _ __ -----M anufacturing
_____________________
N onm anufacturing _____________________
Pu blic utilities * ___________________
Finance * * ____________________________________

386
120
266
77
141

39.
40.
39.
40.
38.

5
0
0
0
5

70.
69.
70.
77.
66.

T r a n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ,
general ___________________________ _____ ___________
M anufacturing _________________________
Nonm anufacturing _ __ ------------------- __
W holesale trade ____ _ _ _ ________
Finance ** _________________________

828
257
571
155
381

39.
39.
38.
39.
38.

0
5
5
0
5

61.
63.
59.
61.
59.

0
5
0
0
0
0

60.
64.
58.
64.
61.
56.

52. 00
57. 00
51.00
53. 00
54. 00
54. 00
49. 00

T yp ists, c la s s A ___________ ____________
M anufacturing _ _ __ _. _ __ _________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g----------------------- -----Pu blic u tilities* _______ ___________
W holesale trade ___________ _____
F inan ce** _ _ _ _ _ _
__
_ ______

1, 819
458
1, 361
185
934

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
39.

T y p is ts , c la s s B _________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _____ _ __ ______________
N onm anufacturing _____________________
Pu blic u tilities* __________________
W holesale t r a d e _______ ___ __
R etail trade ---------- -----------------------Finan ce** __________________________

2, 771
508
2, 263
118
403
112
1,466

39.
39.
39.
39.
40.
39.
38.

1
2
*
**

168

1

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

6

-

00
50
50
50
50
50

0
5
0
5
0
5
5

_

00
50
50
50
00

_

-

00
50
00
50
50

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

10

19

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

10

19

_

_

-

-

-

3

-

9

19

20

56

88

57
9
48
-

46
112
3
109
13

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

20

56

_

_

88
2
_

_

-

-

20

56

86

89

18

93

171
2
169
1

392
33
359
7
34
8
306

481
40
441
25
49
10
269

442
65
377
19
76
30
232

-

-

18
1

93
-

-

-

-

-

-

93

-

17

168

-

-5
1
54
17
35
217
20
197
10

6

28
14
14

-

-

6

14

35
16
19
1
18

101
20
81
28
51

157
38
119
26
82

106
34
72
8
56

68
34
34
6
14

42
1
41
2
27

64
9
55
5
42

25
14
11
2
6

15
7
8
3
3

131
67
64
28
36

85
29
56
42
10

51
25
26

16
13
3

15
12
3
3
-

-

-

3

21

206
35
171
25
30
108

268
10
198
15
35
134

219
82
137
10
42
82

149
86
63
5
22
25

119
46
73
17
14
37

52
30
22
6

170

204
30
174
20
40
108

420
95
325
30
86
29
178

292
64
228
18
71
9
130

167
62
105
5
32
17
48

111
45
66
6
41
5
11

45
27
18
6
8
2
2

25
10
15

63
21
42

50
43
7

-

-

16

35
24
11
8
2
1

8
8

2
1
1

35
6
29
29

_

_

_

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

5

-

-

_

1

5
3
2

1

1

-

5

2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

5

_

72
32
40
36

-

-

_

-

_

-

2
1

_

-

-

_

-

_
_

_

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

_

_

_

2
_

_

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

■

“

"

-

-

2

4
2
3

7

2

27
3
24
14
9

-

-

29
6
23
13
2

“

H ours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir re g u la r str a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the earnings c o r re s p o n d to these w eekly h o u rs .
W orkers w ere d istrib u ted as fo llo w s : 63 at $ 32. 50 to $ 35; 42 at $ 35 to $ 3 7 .5 0 ; 52 at $ 3 7 .5 0 to $40 .
T ran sp ortation (exclud ing r a ilr o a d s ), com m u n ica tion , and other public u tilitie s .
F in an ce, in su ra n ce, and re a l e sta te .

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(A vera ge str a ig h t-tim e w eekly h ou rs and ea rn in gs 1 fo r s e le cte d occu p a tio n s studied on an a re a b a sis
in San F r a n cis c o -O a k la n d , C a lif. , by industry d iv isio n , January 1955
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF -

A verage

Sex, occupation, and in du stry d iv iso n

Number
of
workers

s
$
$
$
t
$
$
$
$
S
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
47. 50 50. 00 52. 50 55. 00 57. 50 60. 00 62. 50 65. 00 67. 50 70. 00 72. 50 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 L10. 00 115. 00 120.00 125. 00
and
and
under
50. 00 52. 50 55. 00 57. 50 60. 00 62. 50 65. 00 67. 50 70. 00 72. 50 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 n o . oo 115. 00 120.00 125.00 o y e r
$

Weekly | Weekly
earningB
hours
(Standard) |(Standard)

$

Men
<
fc
«P

D ra ftsm en , s e n i o r ____ _____________ _____
M anufacturing ____________ ____________
N onm anufacturing ----------------- -----------

538
405
133

40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0

90. 50
88. 00
97. 50

_
~

_

_

_

-

-

-

D ra ftsm en , junior -----------------------------------M anufacturing _________________________
N onm anufacturing _____________________

146
92
54

40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0

78. 00
77. 50
79. 00

13
13
~

_
-

127
104

40. 0
40. 0

76. 50
77. 00

_

_

-

-

-

13
13
~

_
-

13
13
-

29
26
3

2

10
10
~

_
“

2
2

2
1
1

_
~

1
1
"

2
2

2
-

_

_

_

"

3
3

5
5

1
1

29
29
"
9
2 n
7

'

23
22
1

18
18
“

95
78
17

105
81
24

99
47
52

54
41
13

2
2
“

15
6
9

39
14
25

31
22
9

19
19

1
1

'

"

9
4

14
9

21
20

14
13

9
9

-

1
■

1
1

'

15
15
■

28
11
17

10
7
3

3

1

2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

1

_

W om en
N u rs e s, industrial (re g is te r e d ) __ ---------M anufacturing
----------------------------------

18
17

30
23

1
1

“

_

_

_

_

“

"

_

_

1 Hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e their r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the earnings c o r r e s p o n d to these w eekly h ou rs.




O ccupational Wage Su rvey, San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a lif. , January 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b or S ta tistics

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau o f Labor s t a t is t ic s
Washington 25, D. C.

jG G KLhaB
—a

occupational wage survey,

CaLU* « U N aRx 195s
a B

(ELS B ulletin No. 1172-7)

E R R A T A

Correct d istribu tion s of t o o l and d ie makers according to average hourly earnings in
Table A-3, Page 7 , are as fo llo w s:

Number o f workers receivin g straight-tim e
Occupation and industry
d ivision
•

Number ■ Average
j
°f
; hourly
|
[workers
earnings
i

i[
Tool and die m a k ers................
! 791
'
Manufacturing ............. .......... .. ! 791

x x ■j

$2 .4 0
$2 .3 5
and
under
2 .4 0 'f 2 .4 5

; $2.45
j
|
i 2 .5 0

v

: $2.50

2 .6 5

2
2

2
2

;1

1

ii

32.70

i
1
|

-

2.60
i

i

32.65

*60

i

281
281 '

i

1

2.70
'
455
455

~
~

!

2 .3 0

i
!

. ,2.80
!
5

_3 2 _ .. j
33

i

i

2,9 0

j
!

18
18

i
_________ l

Issued A p ril, 1955
LS55-29/+7



j




7

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 fo r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in San F r a n c is e o -O a k la n d , C a lif. , b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , Jan uary 1955)
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A I G H T -T I M E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S 0 F -

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

Average
hourly
earnings

$
$
Ih d e r 1 .6 0 1 .6 5
and
$
1.60 under
1 .6 5 1 .7 0

$
1 .7 0

8
1 .7 5

$
1 .8 0

8
1 .8 5

$
1 .9 0

$
1 .9 5

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .0 5

$
$
$
2 . 10 2 . 15 2 .2 0

1 .7 5

1 .8 0

1 .8 5

1 .9 0

1 .9 5

2 .0 0

2 .0 5

2 .1 0

2 .1 5

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *

443
253
190
39

$
2 .4 8
2 .4 1
2 .5 7
2 .3 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

E l e c t r ic i a n s , m a in te n a n ce
M a n u fa ctu rin g ______ __ __ __ __ ___

713
549

2 .4 0
2 .4 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y
...........
M a n u fa ctu rin g .... ....
...
...
.. ....
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ........ .
_ ..... .............
R e ta il tr a d e
i_ .
r

496
184
312
78

2 .2 8
2 .4 3
2. 19
2 .3 0

_

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

F ir e m e n , s ta tio n a r y b o i le r
M a n u fa ctu rin g

_______________
.......

146
113

2 .0 9
2. 14

1
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

20
-

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n c e ________ .__
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________

1 .259
1 ,0 5 0

1 .9 9
2 .0 1

3
-

4
-

11
8

9
5

116
92

M a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m ______
M a n u fa ctu rin g
..
...
_ ._ .
_

184
179

2 .3 3
2 .3 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n c e ................ . ..........
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________________

1 .356
1 ,2 6 5

2 .4 0
2 .4 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n c e )
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ______________________

904
100
804
651

2 .4 5
2 .4 4
2 .4 5
2 .4 5

-

1 --------

-

-

-

-

-

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n c e
M a n u fa ctu rin g .....
_ .... ..................
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _______________________

887
790
97

2 .3 1
2 .3 1
2 .3 1

.

_

_

_
-

M illw r ig h t s
M a n u fa ctu rin g

_ .........

226
226

2 .3 0
2 .3 0

__________

182
136

1 .9 5
1 .9 3

366
184
182
26

2 .3 4
2 .3 3
2 .3 5
2 .2 3

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

46

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

46

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

385
360

2 .4 0
2 .3 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

59

2 .3 9

.

_

O il e r s ________ __
M a n u fa ctu rin g

...

________

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n c e _
.
...
M a n u fa ctu rin g
...
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
. __
_
.
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
P i p e f it t e r s , m a in te n a n c e ._
M a n u fa ctu rin g
.................. .

_

_

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a in te n a n c e ______
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s ________________ _______
M a n u fa ctu rin g
_ _
,_____

791 _
791

_
-

-

_

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

|

-

11
-

14
4

70
70

31
29

57
51

255
251

121
8

41
41

28
22

16
16

-

-

12
12

35
33

1
1

33
1
32
6 .

48
48
1

26
24
2
2

38
11
27
2

88
46
42
31

8
7
1
1

34
19
15
13

14
8
6
6

14
8
6
1

19
19
1

44
44
-

7
5
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

43
42

_

6
5

15
8

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

6
6

_

-

2
2

_

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

783
783

39
21

48
48

14
14

6

1
1

1
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

-

152
152

6
6

_

-

15
15

-

5
-

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

36
36

15
10

442
442

465
385

180
179

12
9

79
78

18
18

76
76

16
16

1
1

4
4

_

-

10
10

2
2
"

2
2
2

13
13
3

3
2
1
1

32
19
13
7

56
56
56

40
27
13
1

238
238
229

108
16
92
34

379
16
363
310

26
18
8
8

-

-

-

-

10
10

40
34
6

197
175
22

32
30
2

237
220
17

99
59
40

12
12
-

20
20
-

64
64
-

4
4

2

_

-

-

-

2

-

1
1
“

_

-

46
46

-

52
44
8

-

-

3
3

-

12
12

134
134

29
29

28
28

17
17

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

_

5
5

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

5

-

-

-

-

-

5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

15
15

-

34
11
23
11

3
3

3
3

23
20

9
9

_

37
13

122
12

41
41

15
3

-

-

4
4

-

-

_

_

1
1

_

-

1
-

-

-

-

16
16
-

3
3

52
52
-

-

2 .6 5
2 .6 5

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




8
8
-

14
14
1

-

9
-----5“
3
3

-

-

-

1
1

-

40
22

32
4

20
20

3
3

1
1
-

15
4
11
1

-

-

_

_

-

over

7
7
-

56
56
-

27
27

3. 10

9
9
-

1
1
-

-

3 .0 0

_
-

18
18
-

24
24

2 .9 0

120
34
86
-

2
1

-

2 .8 0

22
20
2
1

14
10

26
26

2 .7 0

29
24
5
4

2
-

-

2 .6 0

7
7
4

-

5
5

2 .5 0

5
4
1
-

3
-

-

2 .4 5

102
95
7
2

6
2
4
2

-

2 .4 0

37
24
13
13

22
10
12
-

-

2 .3 5

9
3
6
6

13
13
-

-

2 .3 0

28
27
1
-

-

-

2 .2 5

8
4
4
4

2
2
-

_

2 .2 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S ,
2 .2 5 2 .3 0 2 .3 5 2 .4 0 2 .4 5 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3. 10
and

-

-

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

26
25
1
1

25
10
15
3

29
4
25
13

8
3
5
5

23
21
2
1

94
89
5

4
4

2

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

76
11
65
-

1
1

3
3

-

21
21

9
7

65
60

235
221

10
10

5
5

10
10

7
7

-

.

3

5

4

6

17

3

1

2
2

281
281

455
455

33
33

-

20

2
2

5
5

-

18
18

-

O cc u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a lif. , Jan uary 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

8

Table A-4: Custodial and Mqterial Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s 2 stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a lif. , by in d u s try d iv is io n , J an u ary 1955)
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S O F —

O ccu p a tion and in d u stry d iv is io n

of
workers

hourly
earnings

G uards
_
_
M an u factu rin g
_
__ ___
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________
F in a n ce * * ____
_

540
295
245
93

$
1 .7 2
1 .8 8
1 .5 3
1 .6 2

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
(m e n ) _______
M an u factu rin g ___________ _______________
N on m anufacturing
P u b lic u tilit ie s * ____________________
W h oles a le trad e
................................
R etail tra d e ________________________
F i n a n c e * * ______________________ _____

4 .8 4 5
1 ,4 6 5
3 ,3 8 0
476
137
438
712

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
(w o m e n )
_
___
_ _ ..
M an u factu rin g
_
_ ....
N onm an u factu rin g
P u b lic u tilit ie s * ___________________
R e ta il tra d e
F in a n ce * *

$
$
U nder 1 25 1 .3 0
and
$
1 .2 5 under
1 30 1 .3 5

$
1 .3 5

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .4 5

$
1 .5 0

-

1 .4 5

*
1 .5 0

1 .5 5

1 .4 0

-

-

1 .7 5

-

1 .8 0

-

1 .8 5

1 .9 0

1 .9 5

2 .0 0

2 .0 5

-

-

2 . 10

2 .1 5

-

2 .2 0

2 .2 5

2 . 30

2 .4 0

2L 50 _2_,i o

over

20
12
8
6

34
22
12
10

8
8
7

6
6
6

88
79
9
9

39
36
3
2

55
49
6
5

61
61
-

10
10
-

-

4
4
-

11
11
-

8
8
_

_
_

_
_

-

_
-

_
-

1

29
29
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
.
18
15
2
1

258
_
258
14
20
-

91
6
85
37
3
14
-

60
_
60
26
18
4

164
46
118
57
_
6
-

124
16
108
17
14
68
1

1363
145
1218
37
17
24
688

431
39
392
16
6
211
9

674
48
626
142
21
14
4

315
302
13
5
3
2
3

407
245
162
93
7
2

326
221
105
35
5
-

168
117
51
2
24
14
-

59
38
21
17
-

195
195
_

4
_
4
4
_
-

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

14
_
14
_
14
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

-

41
36
5
_
5
-

4
4
_
_
_

-

10
_
10
10
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
4
3

11
11
1
-

43
43
3
_

24
6
18
5
-

130
8
122
97

44
44
42
2

16
15
1
1
-

15
11
4
-

5
4
1
-

13
11
2
-

_
-

3
3
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
5
-

_
-

-

254
7
247
3
5
188

22
9
13
3
-

-

35
5
30
24
1

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
1
1

1
_
1
1
-

31
30
1
1
-

31
12
19
7
10
2

8
8
6
2
-

240
230
10
3
7
-

112
63
49
23
14
12

696
555
141
73
47
21

2258
1178
1080
79
929
72

360
69
291
274
17

527
172
355
145
210

389
104
285
178
20
85

140
36
104
100
4
-

32
32
20
12

171
171
147
8
16

20
20
20

_
_
-

609
436
173
60
70
43

_
-

_
-

.
-

-

-

-

8

36

1

41
38
3
_
3

83
12
71
70
1

8
1
7
7
-

114
114
-

732
107
625
529
95

297
58
239
238
1

126
11
115
89
23

55
7
48
30
18

177
3
174
168
-

54

17

10

_

_

11
9
2

_
-

8
8
-

500
231
269
239
30

36
14
22
22
-

63
46
17
9
8

12
12

-

81
75
6

-

8
1
7
7
-

30

_

_

_
-

119
7
112
11
_
1
-

648
83
565
47
68
288

1 .5 3
1 .6 6
1.51
1 .4 3
1 .5 4
1 .5 3

21
4
17
4
12
-

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________
N on m anufactur ing
P u b lic u tilit ie s *
W h oles a le tra d e
..
_ _
R e ta il tra d e
___

5 .6 2 7
2 ,8 8 5
2 ,7 4 2
677
1 ,5 5 2
511

1 .9 4
1 .9 2
1 .9 6
2 .0 3
1.91
2 .0 1

O rd e r f il l e r s ______________________________
M an u factu rin g
_ . ________
_.
N on m an u factu rin g
W h oles a le trad e
R e ta il tra d e ________________________

1 .9 3 0
511
1 ,4 1 9
1 ,2 3 0
179

1 .9 3
1 .9 8
1.91
1.91
1 .9 0

P a c k e r s , shipping (m en ) _________________
M an u factu rin g _________________________
N on m an u factu rin g
___
W h o le s a le trade
R e ta il trad e

750
396
354
277
77

1 .8 5
1 .8 6
1 .8 4
1 .8 7
1 .7 3

P a c k e r s , shipping (w o m e n ) ______________
..... .
M an u factu rin g
N on m an u factu rin g _____________________
R e ta il tra d e
. .
_
_

985
883
102
72

1 .4 7
1 .4 6
1 .5 5
1 .4 3

R e c e iv in g c le r k s
M an u factu rin g
... ...
___
N on m an u factu rin g
. . .
W h o le s a le trad e ____________________
R e ta il tra d e
... _ _
. _

469
251
218
133
78

1.9 7
1 .9 8
1 .9 7
1 .9 7
1 .9 7

Shipping c le r k s
M an u factu rin g
N onm an u factu rin g ... .
W h o le s a le trad e

460
256
204
161

2 .0 6
2. 10
2 .0 1
1 .9 9

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

.

.

-

_

_

.
_
_

_

14
14
_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

.
_

_
_

3

3

_

_

-

3

3

_

_

_

3

20

3

-

9

199
153
46
46

2

-

-

-

-

-

3

5
5
5

68
63
5
5

354
351
3
3

9
7
2
2

_

1 .7 0

$
$
$
2 . 40 2. 50 2 .6 0
and
-

15
15
10

1 .6 4
1 .77
1 .5 8
1 .58
1.77
1 .6 0
1 .5 8

-

9
9

-

8
3
5

36
28
8

1
_
1

2
_
2
2

20
20

3
3

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

_

-

2
2

-

_

-

-

-

_
-

17
14
3

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

_

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

6

14
14

_

_

_

.

-

295
295

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

30
-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

40
23
17

17
13
4

129
83
46
45
-

50
32
18
10
7

52
35
17
13
4

16
3
13

10

5

2

1

-

-

3
3

_

-

-

-

10

5

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

9

5

2

-

-

1
1
-

80
64
16
14

27
17
10
10

82
31
51
43

10
3
7

22
18
4

24
9
15
6

1

8
5
3
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

1

_

9

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

9

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

129
55
74
64
10

53
39
14
14

•106
29
77
72

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

9

-

16

_

.

.

.

.

_

1

_

_

_

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

1

9
7
2

_

-

54
54
-

155
146
9
9

2

_

See fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le .
* T r a n s p o rta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
* * F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




1 .6 5

2 .3 0

136
3
133
5

-

_
............. .... .

1 .6 0

$

7
7
6

1
1

.

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
1 .5 5 1 .6 0 1 .6 5 1 .7 0 1 .7 5 1 .8 0 1 .8 5 1 .9 0 1 .9 5 2 .0 0 2 .0 5 2 . 10 2 . 15 2 .2 0 2 .2 5

b
6
6

2
2
2

_ ..

$

•

-

1

-

_

1
-

1
1

-

_

33
33
-

O ccu p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a lif. , J a n u a ry 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

9

Table A-4: Custodial and Material,Movement Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s 2 stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a lif. , b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , J an u ary 1955)

Number
of
workers

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k s _
M a n u fa ctu rin g
............
_ _
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
W h o le s a le t r a d e ..
____ _
R e ta il tr a d e _
.... ___ _

.

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d e r 1 V2 t o n s ) ____
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t i li t ie s *
_ ..
_ ....
W h o le s a le tr a d e
_ _

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m ( 1 V2 to and
in clu d in g 4 t o n s )
____ _
___ _
. . _
M a n u fa ctu rin g _.
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
_
........
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
W h o le s a le tr a d e _____________________
R e t a il tr a d e _________________________

Average
hourly
earnings

603
271
332
222
94

$
2 .0 9
2 .0 4
2. 12
2 .1 9
2 .0 0

578
199
379
144
112

2 .1 5
2 .3 1
2 .0 7
2 .0 2
2 .0 9

1 .8 7 9
374
1 ,5 0 5
916
291
298

2 .1 9
2 .2 9
2 .1 7
2 .1 3
2 .1 3
2 .3 2

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .4 5

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .5 5

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
s
$
S
$
$
1 .6 0 1 .6 5 1 .7 0 1 .7 5 1 .8 0 1 .8 5 *1.90 $ .9 5 *2.00 *2.05 2. 10 *2. 15
1

1 .4 5

$
$
$
Under 1 .2 5 1. 30 1 .3 5
and
$
1 .25 under
1 .3 0 1 .3 5 1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .5 5

1 .6 0

1 .6 5

1 .7 0

1 .7 5

1 .8 0

1 .8 5

1 .9 0

1 .9 5

2 .0 0

2 .0 5

2 . 10

2 .1 5

2
2
2

5
3
2
2

-

14
7
7
4

147
107
40
20
20

70
45
25
3
20

13
8
5
_
4

88
30
58
58
-

16
16
4
-

5
5
-

4
4
-

-

16
16
2
14

-

"

42
42
40
2

44
15
29
1
28

52
18
34
23
6

_
_
-

1
1
1
-

_
-

2
2
2
-

2
2
-

"

-

-

19
19
5
14
-

"

18
3
15
15
-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

“

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

3
3
3
-

-

-

18
18

63
37
26
15

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

*

"

-

“

-

-

-

-

8
8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

4
4
4
-

5
5
5
-

_
_
_

2
2
2
-

4
4
4
-

_
_

5
5
5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

\.20

*2.25 ^ .3 0

^ .4 0

$
2 .5 0 \ . 60
and

2 .2 0

2 .2 5

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

over

21
3
18
10

80
6
74
57
17

35
21
14
14
-

14
_
14
14
-

70
7
63
56
7

34
34
_

_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

118
44
74
60
6

129
8
121
14
28

21
15
6
-

-

1
1
_

1
1
_

94
94
_

5
_
5
_

-

-

-

-

30
30
_
28

-

-

144
28
116
68
48
-

108
31
77
60
17
-

533
116
417
348
63
6

408
408
256
36
116

79
37
42
_
42
-

251
32
219
156
56
7

9
4
5
_
5

149
149
_
149

117
117
_
_

19
4
15
_
15

“

_
-

-

20
20
20

84
43
41
-

409
45
364
268

274
13
261
254

47
6
41
-

-

"

11
11
"

-

-

4
4
4
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

81
37
44
44

252
8
244
180
62

101
16
85
37
48

_
-

_
-

-

44
12
32
20
12

4
4
-

-

215
77
138
12
126

-

-

-

359
294
65

91
84
7

25
15
10

5
5

22
22
-

27
24
3

90

116
102
14

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

270
214
56
40
14

50

5

14

-

-

-

2
2

30
20

48
48

48
48

18
18

71
56
15
1

28
14
14
12

23
21
2
2

7
7
1

1
1
1

-

i
T r u c k d r i v e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a il e r ty p e ) _______________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *

845
118
727
542

2 .2 9
2 .2 3
2 .3 0
2 .3 1

-

_
-

-

-

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 ton s,
o th e r than t r a il e r t y p e ) __________ _______
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
.
.

711
154
557
263
292

2 .2 1
2 .1 9
2 .2 1
2 .2 3
2 .2 0

_
-

_
_
_

_
-

"

-

-

_ j
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

12

I
1
1

2
2
2
"

3
3
3

-

-

.

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( fo r k l i ft ) _______________
M a n u fa ctu rin g
_ _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 * _
W h o le s a le tr a d e ..
...

1 .0 4 4
794
250
130
86

2 .0 4
2 .0 2
2 .0 9
2 .1 5
2 .0 3

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o th e r than f o r k l i f t ) ___
M a n u fa ctu rin g
___

243
198

1 .9 5
1 .9 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
-

4
-

-

W a tch m en _______________________ __________
M a n u f a c t u r in g _________ ______________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e

619
288
331
57

1 .6 2
1 .6 8
1 .58
1 .6 5

27
7
20
9

1
1

16
8
8

13
13

54
47
7

3
3
-

34
34
14

172
13
159

31
12
19

40
39
1

29
27
2

1
2
3
*
**

-

-

-

- !

"

-

-

20
20
-

-

17
17
-

-

-

-

-

-

'

-

3

90
90
-

7

-

-

-

34
26

11
11

-

-

-

4
4
-

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
D ata l im it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t h e r w is e in d ica te d .
E s t im a t e s d i ff e r s u b s ta n tia lly f r o m th o se in p r e v io u s stu d ie s, due to the e x c lu s io n o f s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to t r a n s p o r t a t io n f r o m the s c o p e o f the a r e a w id e stu d ie s (s e e s c o p e ta b le , page 2, footn ote 4 ).
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




10




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l: Shift Differential P rovisions 1
Percent of manufacturing plant w ork ers—

Shift differential

(a)
In establishm ents having
form al provisions for—
Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

(b)
A ctually working on—

Second shift

Third or other
shift

Total _________________________________________________

89. 6

88. 6

15. 0

5. 3

With shift pay differential ________________________

89. 6

88. 6

15. 0

5. 3

Uniform cents (per hour) _____________________

4 0. 3

33. 3

8. 7

4. 5

4 cents _______________________________________
5 cents _______________________________________
6 cents _______________________________ ________
7 cents _______________________________________
8 cents _______________________________________
9 cents _______________________________________
10 cents ______________________________________
12 cents ______________________________________
12 y 2 cents ------------- ------------------------------------- 1 3 , 13 V3 , 13 y a c e n t s --------------------------------14 cents ______________________________________
15 cents ______________________________________
23 or 25 cents _______________________________

1. 5
6 .9
15. 1
1. 0
1. 6
7. 7
5. 5
1. 1

1 .0
2 .4
5. 6
6. 7
8 .6
1 .9
. 5
1. 0
3. 5
2. 1

.4
1. 0
2 .9
. 1
2. 0
2. 0
.4
-

_
. 1
. 6
1. 0
. 5
1. 2
A
. 2
. 8

2. 4

A

A

-

U niform percentage ___________________________

20. 0

20. 0

5 percent ____________________________________
p e r c e n t __________________________________
10 percent ___________________________________
1 5 p e r c e n t ___________________________________

6. 2
13. 8
-

4. 5
3. 6
12. 0

. 1
2.3
-

F ull d ay 's pay for reduced h o u rs____________
Othe r 2 ___________________________________________

2. 3
2 6 .9

1. 3
33. 9

.2
3. 6

-

-

-

-

-

7 l/z

No shift pay d iffe r e n tia l__________________________

-

-

. 8

1 Shift differential data are presented in term s of (a) establishm ent policy, and (b) w ork ers actually em ployed on late
shifts at the time of the survey.
An establishm ent was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following condi­
tions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering late sh ifts.
2 Includes such combination plans as a c e n ts-p e r-h o u r or percentage differential plus a paid lunch period ; full d ay's pay
for reduced hours plus a flat sum ; and full day's pay for reduced hours plus a c e n ts-p e r-h o u r or percentage differential.
A L e s s than 0. 05 percent.
Occupational Wage Survey, San F ra n cisco-O ak la n d C a lif. , January 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
Bureau of Labor S tatistics

11

Table B-2* Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office W orkers 1
N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith s p e c i f i e d m in im u m h i r in g r a t e in —
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m r a t e
(w e e k ly s a la r y )

A ll
s c h e d u le s

248

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

M a n u fa c t u r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d ie d __ __________

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h s p e c i f i e d m in im u m h ir in g r a t e in —

81

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

XXX

167

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

37V 2

3 8 3/ 4

XXX

XXX

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

XXX

248

F O R IN E X P E R I E N C E D T Y P I S T S

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d
m in im u m __________ ___________________
$30.
$32.
$ 3 5.
$37.
$40.
$42.
$45.
$47.
$ 50.
$52.
$55.
$ 57.
$60.
$62.
$65.
$67.

00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50

an d
and
an d
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
an d
and
and
an d
an d

u n d e r $ 3 2 . 50 _______
u n d e r $ 3 5 . 00 _______
u n d e r $ 3 7 . 50 _______
u n d e r $ 4 0 . 00 _______
u n d e r $ 4 2 . 50 _______
u n d e r $ 4 5 . 00 _______
u n d e r $ 4 7 . 50 _______
u n d e r $ 5 0 . 00 _______
u n d e r $ 5 2 . 50 _______
u n d e r $ 5 5 . 00 __________
u n d e r $ 5 7 . 50 _______
u n d e r $ 6 0 . 00 _______
u n d e r $ 6 2 . 50 __________
u n d e r $ 6 5 . 00 __________
u n d e r $ 6 7 . 50 _______
o v e r __________________________

46

39

69

7

8

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

2
4
8

1
4
7
3
5
8
3
5
1
1
1

1
1
1
11
11
12
8
10
4
1
2
3

1

-

-

4
1
1

1
2
3

3
6

-

-

7

5

5
10
3
6
1
1
1

-

81

46

XXX

167

37 lh

3 8 3/ .

XXX

XXX

40

78

9

8

51

_

_

_

-

1
1

_

-

1
1
4
7
4
4
9
6
1
1

1
1
2
4
11
13
12
7
12
4
2
5

2
2

-

-

1

-

-

4
2
5
2
2

-

-

-

-

4

3
3

-

-

-

-

8

1

-

-

-

-

WORKERS

48

4

1
-

XXX

1
1
2
5
13
17
21
13
16
14
9

3
1
2
3

8

40

126

1
2
4
9
6
4
10
7
2
1
1

-

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

F O R O T H E R IN E X P E : r i e n c e d c :L E R I C A L

115

1
1
1
13
15
20
13
15
14
4
8
4
5
1

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 of—

7

1
1
3
1
1
-

-

-

1

-

-

2

4
9
7
5

1
2
1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o
s p e c i f i e d m in im u m _________________

60

14

XXX

46

XXX

XXX

XXX

63

13

XXX

50

XXX

XXX

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t
e m p l o y w o r k e r s in t h is
c a t e g o r y ----------------------------------------

71

20

XXX

51

XXX

XXX

XXX

57

19

XXX

38

XXX

XXX

XXX

___________

2

1

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

2

1

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

In fo rm a tio n not a v a ila b le

1
2

L o w e s t s a l a r y r a t e f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d f o r h i r in g i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t y p in g o r o t h e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s . D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n w o r k w e e k s .




O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , S a n F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y 1955
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

12

Table B-3*. Frequency of Wage Payment
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------------PERCEN T

OF

O F F IC E

W ORKERS

EM PLOYED

IN —

PERCEN T

OF

PLAN T

W O RK ERS

EM PLOYED

IN —

F req u en cy o f paym ent
A ll
1
i n d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

P u b lic
u t ili t ie s *

R e ta il tra d e

F in a n ce * *

S e r v ic e s

A ll
2
in d u s t r ie s

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s *

M a n u fa ct u r in g

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il tra d e

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W e e k ly _______________________________________________
B i w e e k l y ______________________________________________
S e m i m o n t h l y _________________________________________

11
18
71

24
A
74

7
63
30

10
7
83

29
15
56

A
22
78

61
25
14

75
20
5

28
72
A

78
A
19

S e r v ic e s

61
11
28

1
2
A
*
**

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s than 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .

Table B-4: Scheduled Weekly Hours
PERCEN T

W eek ly hou rs

A ll

w o rk e rs ______________________________________

3 5 hours
and under -- ----------------------------------------36V4 hours ______ _____________ _________________
O v er 36V4 and under 3 1 12z h ou rs ______________
l
37V2 hours ----------- ------ -----------------------------------------O ver 37V2 and under 3 8 V4 h o u r s ______________
3 8 3 / 4 hours _______________________________________
4 0 hours __________________________________________
O ver 4 0 h ou rs ___________________ _______________

1
2
3
A
*
**

All
industries*

Manufacturing

OF

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

I N -

PERCEN T

Finance**

Services

AH
3
industries

Manufacturing

PLAN T

Public
utilities*

W O RK ERS

EM PLOYED

Wholesale
trade

A

-

100

-

8

-

A
3

-

-

A
A
-

-

-

A
A
-

-

-

8
-

5
-

11
-

11
-

A
-

-

A
82

-

A

-

A

-

87
A

87

95
4

98

3

9

5

6

-

11

11

A
7

66

73

83

A

95

A
14
14
21
45

Services

A

-

100

A
A
4

Retail trade

100

100

3
3

IN —

100

100

100

D ata r e la t e to w o m e n w o r k e r s o n l y .
O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , S a n F r a n c i s c o - O a k i a n d , C a l i f . ,
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th an 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .




OF

100

100

A

W O RK ER^ EM PLOYED

Wholesale
trade

100

100

A
10

O F F IC E

-

13
-

84
3

J a n u a r y 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

13

Table B-5: Paid Holiday Provisions

i

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

_

A
H
industries 2
__

_ _ _ _ _ _

100

M
anufacturing

100

Public
utilities *
100

W
holesale
trade
100

Retail trade

100

Finahce **

100

N u m ber o f pa id h o lid a y s
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g paid
h o lid a y s
_
_
_
2 days
_ _
_____
__ _ ____ _ __
3 d a y s ___________ _ ______________________________
5 d a ys
_
_____________ ________
6 d a y s _______
_____ _____
7 days . . . . .
8 d a ys ____ ____________________ ____ __ ___
9 d a ys __________________________________________
10 days
._ _
11 days
_ __ _
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g no
pa id h o lid a y s

All
industries

Services

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100
3
7
27
63
_
_
_

100
.
3
65
32
_
_
-

Services

98
15
A
A
66
14
_
_
_

i
100
A
A
12
53
17
3
3
12

100
18
60
21
A
A
-

100
3
25
66
6
-

100
A
A
8
83
8
-

100
16
32
4
6
7
34

95
3
A
5
13
49
25
A
-

93
3
_
18
53
19
-

-

-

100
A
89
7
A
-

-

-

5

7

A

P r o v is io n s f o r h o lid a y s o c c u r r in g
on n o n w o r k d a y s 4
W ith p r o v is io n s f o r h o lid a y s fa llin g on
Satur day __________________________________________
A n oth er day o f f w ith p a y _____________________
E x tra days pay
...
... .
O ption o f an oth er day o f f o r e x tr a
d a y 's pay ______________________ ___ ________
P r o v i s io n s d iffe r f o r v a r io u s h o l i d a y s _____
O ther p r o v i s i o n s _______________________________
Saturday is a s c h e d u le d w o rk d a y fo r a ll
w ork ers
. ,
... ,
J , . ,
M
No p r o v is io n s (o r no p a y ) fo r h o lid a y s
fa llin g on S a t u r d a y ______________________________
W ith p r o v is io n s fo r h o lid a y s fa llin g on
Sunday ________ _______ _______________________ _
A n oth er day o f f w ith pay
......... _ _ ...
E x tr a d a y 's pay
—
. . .
O ption o f a n oth er day o f f o r e x tr a
d a y 's pay
_ _
.
. _ _ __
P r o v i s io n s d iffe r fo r v a r io u s h o l i d a y s _____
O ther p r o v is io n s
Sunday is a s c h e d u le d w o rk day fo r a ll
w o r k e r s __________________________________________
No p r o v is io n s (o r no p a y ) f o r h o lid a y s
fa llin g on Sunday
W ith p r o v is io n s f o r h o lid a y s fa llin g
du rin g v a c a tio n __________________________________
A n oth er day o f f w ith pay
_ .... . __
E x tra d a y 's pay
_
_
O ption o f an oth er day o f f o r e x tra
d a y 's p a y ______________________________________
P r o v i s io n s d iffe r fo r v a r io u s h o l i d a y s _____
O ther p r o v is io n s ______________________________
No p r o v is io n s (o r no p a y ) fo r h o lid a y s
fa llin g during v a c a tio n
_ _ _ _ _

16
12
4

38
27
9

11
5
6

15
15
-

21
17
3

-

41
18
18

58
25
25

31
6
24

22
22
_

21
10
8

A
A

A
A

-

-

A
-

-

3
A

5
A

A
-

_
_

A
_
A

3

-

A

-

38

-

9

A

4

_

37

81

62

89

85

41

100

46

34

65

78

40

96
96
A

92
92
-

100
99
A

97
97
_

99
99
_

97
97
-

88
84
A

91
87
A

100
96
4

97
97
_

83
81
_

A
_
_

A
_

-

_
_

_

-

A
A

3
_
-

_

_
_

_
A

-

-

-

-

-

A

A

-

4

8

3

A

3

6

A

83
76

88
72
12

85
79
A

95
87
-

71
71
-

81
60
14

83
49
25

4

91
91

-

-

_

3

15

96
94
A

69

89
74
A

60
5

A
-

3

-

4

-

9
-

-

8
-

9
-

-

4

-

-

13
_
_

17

12

9

15

5

29

14

11

4

31

9

1 E s tim a te s in clu d e o n ly fu ll-d a y h o lid a y s p ro v id e d annually.
In clu d es data fo r s e r v ic e s in a d d ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
In clu d es data f o r r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L im ite d to p r o v is io n s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts having a fo r m a l p o lic y app lyin g w hen h o lid a y s o c c u r o n n o n w o r k d a y s; s o m e o f the e s tim a te s w ould be s lig h tly h igh er if p r a c t ic e s d e te r m in e d in fo r m a lly as
the situ ation o c c u r s w e r e in clu d e d .
y
A L e s s than 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
*
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
O ccu p a tio n a l Wage S u rv ey , San F r a n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a li f ., January 1955
* * F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R
B u rea u o f L a b or S ta tistics




14

Table B-6:

Paid Vacations

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
V a ca tio n p o lic y

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

All
industries 1

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

_
_

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
p r o v id in g p a id v a c a t i o n s _ _________ _____ __
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t _______________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ____________________________
____ ___
.. _
O th er

100
99
A

100
98
A

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
89
11

100
78
22

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

■

'

A ll w o r k e r s

__

__ _________

__ __ _________

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance**

Services

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

M ETHOD O F P A YM E N T

'

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
...
...
. ............... .
................. .
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
.... ......... ............. ....
2 w eeks
...
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 weeks
..
. _
. . .

18
_
82
A

8
_
92
_

59
39
A

21
79
-

66
34
-

_
100
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A
A
99
A
-

.

.

_
100
_

5
93
A

100
-

100
-

100
-

-

-

-

-

_
97
A
3

_
_
92
_
8

_
98
A
-

_
_
100
-

_
100
-

_

_

92
_
8

82
A
16

94
A
5

64
8
25
A
A

57
16
25
A

64
_
21
15

69
31
_

78
22
_

-

-

-

18
26
48
_
8

4
81
15

6
A
94
_

6
94
_

-

12
14
68
A
4

-

-

-

_
98
A

6
4
83
A
5

11
7
73
10

_
85
15

_

_

A
99
_

A
98
_

-

-

-

.

A
90
3
7

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
I w e e k _____________________________ _____________ __
O ver 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
______________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________ _________
____
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
...
. ..
3 w eeks
............ .. . ... .... . ...
..... .... ...

_

_

.

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ....
O ver 1 and
2 w eeks .
O v e r 2 an d
3 w eeks

...................... ....
..............
under 2 w eek s
._ .......... .
under 3 w ee k s
_
...
... _ ...

_
.. .
. . .

_ ..

-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________ _____
2 w e e k s ...................................
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s
3 w eeks
..................... .
4 w e e k s an d o v e r
_ _

.

87
5
_

__

___

7

.

84
14
A

_

_

_

_

90

84
15
A

99
A
_

92
_
8

-

10

A

See f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
** F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




.

94
A
5

NOTE:

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y 195 5
U.S. D E PA R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

In th e t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n a l l o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th an " le n g t h o f t i m e " ,
s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t t im e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .

15

Table B-6:

Paid Vacations - Continued

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN

V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s

AH
industries

. . . . . . .

.

.

100

*

M anufacturing

100

P u b lic
utilities

100

*

W holesale
trade

100

R etail trade

100

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

F in a n ce

100

**

A ll
industries

Services

2

M an u fa cturin g

P u b lic
u tilities

^

W holesale
trade

R etail trade

100

100

100

100

100

A
86
3
11
A

84
_
16

90
A
9

88
_
12

-

84
15
A
A

A
38
A
59
A

39
_
59
A

6
15
78
A

29
_
71

49
_
51

"

~

38
61
A

6
15
78
A

29
_
71

49
_
51

7

A
37
A
60
A

“

■

10
_
68
21

36
A
52
9

38
_
50
13

6
15
78
A

28
_

46
_
45
9

i
j

A M O U N T O F V A C A T I O N P A Y - C o n tin u e d

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ________________________________________________
2 w eeks
......
....
____
___ _ ..
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
4 w eek s and o v e r . .
_ . ................ .......

77
4
19
A

80
_
20
~

82
A
15
A

90
A
8

93
7

67
10
23

~

~

-

35
A
63
A

26
_
74

13
A
84
A

24
_
76

41
_
59

49
5
46

~

"

“

21
A
76

23

24
_
76

41
_
59

13

77
A

13
A
84
A

22
_
68
10

13
A
80
5

24
_
60
16

~

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w eek _
2 w eeks
_
..
O v er 2 and un d er 3 w ee k s
3 w eeks
___ _
_
4 w e e k s and o v e r
....

_ .... . ... .....
_
___ ... _ .
_ ...

~

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w eek
. ... _ _
2 w eeks
_ .
...
........r. ___ ,
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
4 w e e k s a n d o v e r ____________________________________

3

-

~

_

-

80

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w eek
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w eeks
.
4 w e e k s and o v e r
_
_ __ _

1
2

A
19
A

66
14

41
_
46
13

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

than 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
A L ess
* T ra n sp ort
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

67
6

16

APPENDIX:

JOB

DESCRIPTIONS

The p r im a r y p u r p o se o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip t io n s fo r the B u r e a u fs w age s u r v e y s .i s to
a s s is t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p ro p ria te o ccu p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a re e m p lo y e d u n d er
a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e sta b lish m en t to e s ta b lis h m e n t
and fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is is e s s e n tia l in o r d e r to p e r m it the grou pin g o f o ccu p a tio n a l w age
ra te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t.
B e ca u se o f th is em p h a sis on in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and
in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c c u p a tio n a l co n te n t, the B u r e a u ’ s job d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ifi­
ca n tly fr o m th o se in u se in in d ivid u a l e sta b lish m e n ts o r th ose p r e p a r e d fo r oth er p u r p o s e s .
In
applyin g th ese jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u r e a u ’ s fie ld r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s a re in stru cte d to e x clu d e w o r k ­
ing s u p e r v is o r s , a p p r e n t ic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , t r a in e e s , h and icap ped w o r k e r s , p a r t -t im e ,
te m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

Of f i ce
B IL L E R ,

M ACHINE

P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b il ls , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e oth er
than an o r d in a ry o r e le c t r o m a t ic ty p e w r ite r . M ay a ls o k eep r e c o r d s
as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m oth er c le r i c a l w o rk in ­
cid en tal to b illin g o p e r a tio n s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s ,
m a ch in e , a re c la s s ifie d by type o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :
B ille r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) - U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g
m ach in e (M oon H o p k in s, E llio tt F is h e r , B u rro u g h s, e t c . , w h ich
a re com b in a tion typing and adding m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b ills and
in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s 1 p u rch a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , shipping m e m o r a n d a , e tc . U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lica tio n
o f p r e d e te r m in e d d isco u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s and e n try o f
n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m a y o r m a y not be com p u ted on the
b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la te d
by m a ch in e .
The o p e r a tio n u su a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f
ca rb o n c o p ie s o f the b ill bein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a
fa n fold m a ch in e .
B ill e r , m a ch in e (book k eep in g m a c h in e ) - U se s a b o ok k eep in g
m a ch in e (Sundstrand, E llio tt F is h e r , R em in gton R and, e tc . , w h ich
m ay o r m a y not have ty p e w r ite r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s 1
b ills as p a rt o f the a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a lly
in v o lv e s the sim u lta n eou s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ’ le d g e r
record.
The m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a cc u m u la te s fig u r e s on a
n u m ber o f v e r t ic a l co lu m n s and co m p u te s and u su a lly p rin ts a u to ­
m a tic a lly the debit o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a k n o w l­
edge o f b o ok k ee p in g .
W ork s fr o m u n ifo rm and sta n d a rd ty p e s o f
sa le s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a b ook k eep in g m a ch in e (R em in g ton R and, E llio tt
F is h e r , Sundstrand, B u r r o u g h s , N ation al C ash R e g is t e r , w ith o r w ith ­
out a ty p e w rite r k ey b o a rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .



B O O K K E EPIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R - C ontin u ed
C la ss A - K eeps a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u irin g a k n ow led g e o f
and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s and fa m ilia r it y w ith
the stru ctu re o f the p a r tic u la r a cco u n tin g s y s te m u s e d .
D eter­
m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d ebit and c r e d it ite m s
to b e u sed in ea ch phase o f the w o r k .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d
r e p o r t s , b a la n ce sh e e ts , and oth er r e c o r d s by hand.
C la ss B - K eeps a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a se s o r s e c tio n s
o f a set o f r e c o r d s u su ally r e q u irin g little k n ow led g e o f b a s ic b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
P h a se s o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a cco u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s to m e r s 1 a cco u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le typ e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
under b il le r , m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n se d is trib u tio n , in ­
v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e tc . M ay c h e c k o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l
b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh e e ts f o r the a ccou n tin g d ep a rtm en t.
C L E R K , ACCOUNTING
C la ss A - U nder g e n e ra l d ir e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t­
ant, has r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r k eep in g one o r m o r e s e c tio n s o f a c o m ­
p le te set o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s re la tin g to one p h ase o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t ’ s b u sin e ss tr a n s a c tio n s .
W ork in v o lv e s p ostin g and b a la n cin g
s u b s id ia r y le d g e r o r le d g e r s su ch as a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c ­
cou n ts p a y a b le; exam ining and co d in g in v o ic e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith
p r o p e r -a c c o u n tin g d istrib u tio n ; r e q u ir e s ju d g m en t and e x p e r ie n c e
in m aking p r o p e r a ssig n a tio n s and a llo c a t io n s .
M ay a s s is t in
p r e p a r in g , a d ju stin g , and c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ; m a y d ir e c t c la s s
B a ccou n tin g c le r k s .
C la ss B - Under s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e
accou n tin g o p e ra tio n s su ch a s p o stin g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s ,
a cco u n ts p ayable v o u c h e r s , e n terin g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r r e g is t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a cco u n ts; p o stin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n t r o lle d
b y g e n e ra l le d g e r s .
T his jo b d o e s not r e q u ir e a k n ow led ge o f
accou n tin g and b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s but is found in o f f ic e s in
w h ich the m o r e rou tin e a ccou n tin g w o r k is su b d iv id e d on a fu n c ­
tio n a l b a s is am ong s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

17

CLERK,

K E Y -P U N C H O P E R A T O R

F IL E

C la s s A - R e s p o n s ib le fo r m aintaining an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s te m .
C la s s if ie s and in d ex es c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o r oth er m a t e r ia l;
m a y a ls o file th is m a t e r ia l.
M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es
in co n ju n ctio n w ith file s o r s u p e r v is e o th e rs in filin g and lo ca tin g
m a t e r ia l in the f i l e s .
M ay p e r fo r m in ciden ta l c l e r i c a l d u ties.
C la s s B - P e r fo r m s rou tin e filin g , u su a lly o f m a t e r ia l that
has a lr e a d y b e e n c la s s if i e d , o r lo c a te s o r a s s is ts in lo ca tin g m a ­
te r ia l in the f i l e s . M a y p e r fo r m in cid en ta l c le r i c a l d u ties.
CLERK,

OR D E R

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s 1 o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y
m a il, p h on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any co m b in a tio n o f the
fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r i c e s to c u s to m e r s ; m aking out an o r d e r sh eet
lis tin g the ite m s to m a k e up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and qu antities
o f it e m s on o r d e r s h e e t; d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c tiv e d e ­
p a rtm e n ts to be fille d .
M a y ch e ck with c r e d it d ep a rtm en t to d e t e r ­
m in e c r e d it ratin g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n ow led ge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m
c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to see that they have b e e n fille d , k eep
file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch e ck shipping in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l
ord ers.

CLERK,

U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and with no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b il it i e s , r e c o r d s a ccou n tin g and s ta tis tic a l data on tabulating ca rd s
b y punching a s e r ie s o f h o le s in the c a r d s in a s p e c ifie d seq u en ce,
using an a lp h a b e tica l o r a n u m e r ic a l k e y -p u n ch m a ch in e , follow in g
w ritten in fo r m a tio n on r e c o r d s .
M ay d u plicate ca rd s by using the
du plicatin g d e v ic e a tta ch ed to m a ch in e .
K eep s file s o f punch c a r d s .
M ay v e r if y own w o r k o r w o rk o f o th e r s .
O F F IC E BO Y OR G IR L
P e r fo r m s v a r io u s rou tin e duties su ch as running e r r a n d s ,
op era tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ch in e s su ch as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening
and d istrib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c l e r i c a l w ork .
SECRETARY
P e r fo r m s s e c r e t a r ia l and c le r i c a l duties fo r a su p e r io r in an
a d m in istr a tiv e o r e x e c u tiv e p o s itio n .
D uties in clu d e m aking appoin t­
m en ts fo r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p eop le com in g into o ffic e ; an sw erin g
and m akin g phone c a lls ; handling p e r s o n a l and im p ortan t o r c o n fi­
den tial m a il, and w ritin g rou tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on own in itia tiv e;
taking d icta tio n (w h ere tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e is not u sed ) eith er in
shorthand o r b y sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , and tr a n s crib in g d icta ­
tion o r the r e c o r d e d in fo rm a tio n re p r o d u c e d on a tra n s crib in g m a ch in e.
M ay p r e p a r e s p e c ia l r e p o r ts o r m e m o ra n d a fo r in fo rm a tio n o f s u p e r io r .

PAYROLL
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

C om p u tes w a g e s o f com p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s ­
s a r y data on the p a y r o ll s h e e ts .
D uties in v o lv e: C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s 1
e a rn in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u ctio n r e c o r d s ; p ostin g c a lc u la te d data
on p a y r o ll sh e e t, sh ow ing in fo r m a tio n such as w o rk e r* s n a m e , w ork in g
d a y s , t im e , r a te , d e d u ctio n s fo r in s u r a n c e , and total w a g e s due.
M ay
m ak e out p a y c h e ck s and a s s is t p a y m a ste r in m aking up and d is ­
trib u tin g p ay e n v e lo p e s .
M a y u se a ca lcu la tin g m a c h in e .

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in sh orth an d o r b y sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in volvin g a
n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y , and to tr a n s c r ib e th is d ictation on a ty p e ­
w r it e r .
M a y a ls o type fr o m w ritte n co p y .
M ay a ls o set up and k eep
file s in o r d e r , k eep sim p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D oes not in clu d e tra n ­
s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k (se e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r ).

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

STENO GRAPH ER,

P r im a r y duty is to o p e ra te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th e ­
m a t ic a l c o m p u ta tio n s .
T h is jo b is not to be co n fu se d with that o f
s ta t is tic a l o r oth e r type o f c le r k , w hich m a y in v olv e freq u en t u se o f
a C o m p to m e te r bu t, in w h ic h , u se o f this m a ch in e is in cid e n ta l to
p e r fo r m a n c e o f oth e r d u tie s .

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in sh orth an d o r b y sten otyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in volvin g a
v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as in le g a l b r ie fs or
r e p o r ts on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h and to t r a n s c r ib e th is d ictation on a
ty p e w r ite r .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten co p y .
M ay a ls o set up and
k eep file s in o r d e r , k eep sim p le r e c o r d s , e tc .
D oes not in clude
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k .

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

T E C H N IC A L

(M IM EOG RAPH OR D IT T O )
SW ITCH B O A R D O P E R A T O R

U n der g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and with no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n ­
s ib i li t ie s , r e p r o d u c e s m u ltip le c o p ie s o f typ ew ritten o r handw riting
m a t te r , u sin g a m im e o g r a p h o r ditto m a ch in e .
M akes n e c e s s a r y a d ­
ju stm e n t su ch as fo r ink and p a p er fe e d cou n ter and c y lin d e r sp e e d .
Is not r e q u ir e d to p r e p a r e s te n c il o r ditto m a s te r .
M ay k eep file o f
u s e d s te n c ils o r ditto m a s t e r s .
M ay s o r t , c o lla te , and staple c o m ­
p le te d m a t e r ia l.



O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s itio n telep hon e sw itch b oa rd .
D uties in v o lv e handling in co m in g , ou tg oin g, and intraplant or o ffic e
c a ll s .
M ay r e c o r d to ll c a lls and take m e s s a g e s .
M ay give in fo r ­
m a tion to p e r s o n s w ho c a ll in , o r o c c a s io n a lly take telep h on e o r d e r s .
F o r w o r k e r s who a ls o a c t as r e c e p tio n is ts see sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p tio n is t.

18

TRAN SC RIB IN G -M A CH IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L - C ontin ued

SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
tion
type
T his
tim e

In ad d ition to p e r fo r m in g duties o f o p e r a to r , on a sin g le p o s i ­
o r m o n it o r -ty p e s w itch b o a rd , a cts as r e c e p tio n is t and m a y a ls o
o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r i c a l w o rk as p a rt o f r e g u la r d u tie s.
typing or c le r i c a l w o r k m a y take the m a jo r p a rt o f this w o r k e r ls
w hile at sw itch b o a rd .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes m a ch in e that a u to m a tic a lly a n a ly z e s and tr a n sla te s
in form a tion punched in g ro u p s o f tabulating c a r d s and p rin ts tr a n s ­
la ted data on fo r m s o r accou n tin g r e c o r d s ; s e ts o r ad ju sts m a ch in e ;
d oes sim p le w irin g o f p lu g b o a rd s a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r a c t ic e
o r d ia g ra m s ; p la c e s c a r d s to be tabu lated in fe e d m a g a z in e and sta rts
m a ch in e.
M ay file c a r d s a fte r they a r e tabu lated. M a y , in a d d itio n ,
op era te a u x ilia ry m a c h in e s .

T R A N SC RIB IN G -M A CH IN E O P E R A T O R ,

in clu d e d .
A w o r k e r who takes d icta tio n in sh orth an d o r b y sten otyp e
o r s im ila r m ach in e is c la s s ifie d as a s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.
T Y P IS T
U ses a ty p e w rite r to m ak e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia l o r to
m ake out b ills a fte r c a lcu la tio n s have b e e n m a d e by a n oth er p e r s o n .
M ay do c le r i c a l w o rk in volvin g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , su ch as k e e p ­
ing sim p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s o r so rtin g and d is ­
tribu tin g in com in g m a il.
C la ss A - P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T ypin g
m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo r m fr o m v e r y rou gh and in v o lv e d d ra ft; c o p y ­
ing fr o m plain o r c o r r e c t e d co p y in w h ich th e re is a freq u en t
and v a r ie d u se o f te ch n ica l and unusual w o r d s
o r fr o m fo r e ig n language co p y ; com bin in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ,
or
planning layout o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t is tic a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n i­
fo r m ity and b a la n ce in sp a cin g ; typin g ta b le s fr o m rou gh d ra ft in
fin a l fo r m .
M ay type rou tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to
suit c ir c u m s ta n c e s .

GENERAL

P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d icta tio n in v olv in g a n o rm a l
routine v o c a b u la r y fr o m tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o
type fro m w ritten c o p y and do sim p le c le r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s tr a n ­
s crib in g d icta tion in volvin g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u ­
la r y such as le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not

Professional

DR A F T S M A N ,

JUNIOR

(A ssista n t d ra ftsm a n )
D raw s to s c a le units o r p a rts o f d ra w in gs p r e p a r e d b y d r a ft s ­
m an or oth ers fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m an u fa ctu rin g p u r ­
p oses.
U ses v a rio u s ty p es o f d raftin g to o ls as r e q u ir e d .
M ay p r e ­
p are d raw ings fr o m sim p le plan s o r s k e tc h e s , o r p e r fo r m oth er duties
under d ir e c tio n o f a d ra ftsm a n .
DRAFTSM AN ,

LE A D E R

P lan s and d ir e c t s a c tiv itie s o f one o r m o r e d ra ftsm e n in
p re p a ra tio n o f w ork in g plans and d eta il d ra w in gs fr o m rou gh o r p r e ­
lim in a ry sk etch es fo r e n g in e e r in g ,
c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u fa ctu rin g
pu rposes.
D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
In terp retin g
b lu e p rin ts , s k e tc h e s , and w ritten o r v e r b a l o r d e r s ; d e te rm in in g w o r k
p r o c e d u r e s ; a ssig n in g duties to su b o rd in a te s and in sp e ctin g th e ir w o rk ;
p e rfo rm in g m o r e d iffic u lt p r o b le m s .
M ay a s s is t su b o rd in a te s during



C la ss B - P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T ypin g
fr o m r e la tiv e ly c le a r o r ty p ed d r a fts ; rou tin e typing o f fo r m s ,
in su ra n ce p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; settin g up s im p le sta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s , o r
cop y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y set up and s p a ce d p r o p e r ly .

and

Technical

DRAFTSM AN ,

LE A D E R - C ontinued

e m e r g e n c ie s o r as a r e g u la r a s s ig n m e n t, o r p e r fo r m
o f a s u p e r v is o r y o r a d m in istra tiv e n a tu re.
DRAFTSM AN ,

r e la te d du ties

SENIOR

P r e p a r e s w ork in g p lan s and d eta il d ra w in g s fr o m n o te s ,
rou gh o r d eta iled sk etch es fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u ­
fa ctu rin g p u r p o s e s .
D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
P r e p a r in g w ork in g p la n s, d etail d r a w in g s , m a p s , c r o s s - s e c t i o n s , e t c . ,
to s c a le b y use o f draftin g in s tru m e n ts ; m ak in g e n g in e e rin g co m p u ta ­
tion s su ch as th ose in v olv ed in stren gth o f m a t e r ia ls , b e a m s and
t r u s s e s ; v e rify in g c o m p le te d w o r k , ch e ck in g d im e n s io n s , m a t e r ia ls
to be u s e d , and qu an tities; w ritin g s p e c ific a t io n s ; m aking a d ju stm en ts
o r ch a n ges in d raw ings o r s p e c ific a t io n s .
M a y ink in lin e s and le t te r s
on p e n c il d ra w in g s, p r e p a re d eta il units o f c o m p le te d ra w in g s , o r
tr a c e d ra w in g s.
W ork is fre q u e n tly in a s p e c ia liz e d fie ld su ch as
a r c h ite c t u r a l, e le c t r ic a l, m e c h a n ic a l, o r s tr u c tu r a l d ra ftin g.

19

N U RSE ,

N U RSE, IN D U STRIAL (R E G IS T E R E D ) - C ontinued

IN D U ST R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g is t e r e d n u rs e who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e to ill o r in ju re d
e m p lo y e e s or oth er p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e ill o r su ffe r an a c c id e n t on
the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r oth er e sta b lish m en t.
D uties in v o lv e a
c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iving fir s t aid to the ill o r in ju re d ;
attending to su b seq u en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s * in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s
o f p atien ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c cid e n t r e p o r ts fo r co m p e n sa tio n or
o th er p u r p o s e s ; con d u ctin g p h y s ic a l ex a m in a tion s and health ev a lu a tion s
o f a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s
in v olv in g h ealth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p re v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant

Maintenance

CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and
m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w ood w ork and equ ipm en t su ch as bins,
c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s ,
and t r im m a d e o f w o o d in an e sta b lish m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f
the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g and la yin g out o f w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w ­
in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ; using a v a r ie ty o f ca rp e n te r* s
h a n d to o ls , p o rta b le p o w e r t o o l s , and standard m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts ;
m ak in g sta n d a rd shop co m p u ta tio n s rela tin g to d im e n sio n s o f w o rk ;
s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f
the m a in ten a n ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rou nd ed trainin g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice sh ip o r e q u iv a len t tr a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l trade fu n ction s su ch as the
in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the g e n e ra tin g ,
d is tr ib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e rg y in an e s ta b lish m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Installing or r e p a ir in g any o f
a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t such as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s ,
s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating u n its,
con d u it s y s t e m s , o r oth e r t r a n s m is s io n equ ipm en t; w ork in g fr o m b lu e ­
p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t, o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo ca tin g and d ia g ­
n o sin g tro u b le in the e le c t r i c a l sy ste m or equipm ent; w o rk in g stan d ard
co m p u ta tion s re la tin g to lo a d re q u ir e m e n ts o f w irin g o r e le c t r ic a l
e q u ip m en t; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n ’ s handtools and m e a su r in g
and testin g in s tru m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c ­
q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip or eq u ivalen t tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .



e n v iro n m e n t, or oth er a c tiv itie s
sa fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

a ffe ctin g

the

h ea lth , w e lfa r e ,

and

TRACER
C o p ie s p lan s and d raw in gs p r e p a r e d by o th e r s , by p la cin g
tr a c in g clo th o r p a p e r o v e r draw ing and tra cin g with pen o r p e n cil
U ses T -s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , and oth er d raftin g to o ls .
M ay p re p a re
sim p le d ra w in g s and do sim p le le tte r in g .

and

Powerplant

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e ra te s and m a in tain s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the op era tion
o f sta tio n a ry e n g in es and equ ip m en t (m e ch a n ica l o r e le c t r ic a l) to sup­
p ly the e sta b lish m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d with p o w e r , h eat, r e f r i g e r a ­
tio n , o r a ir -c o n d itio n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O peratin g and m aintaining
equ ipm en t such as stea m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s , m o ­
t o r s , tu r b in e s , v en tila tin g and r e fr ig e r a tin g eq u ip m en t, steam b o ile r s
and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r p u m p s; m aking equ ipm en t r e p a ir s ; keepin g a
r e c o r d o f o p e ra tio n o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu el co n su m p ­
tion .
M ay a ls o s u p e r v is e th ese o p e ra tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in eers
in e sta b lish m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one en g in e e r a re e x clu d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

B O ILER

F ir e s sta tio n a ry b o il e r s to fu rn ish the esta b lish m en t in w hich
e m p lo y e d w ith h ea t, p o w e r , o r stea m .
F e e d s fu els to fir e by hand
or o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l stok,er, g a s , o r oil b u rn e r; ch e ck s w ater
and sa fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a irin g b o il e r r o o m eq u ip m en t.
HELPER,

T R A D E S , M A IN TE N A N C E

A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m aintenan ce
tr a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c if ic o r g e n e r a l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, such
as keep in g a w o r k e r su p p lied with m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ; clean in g w o r k ­
ing a r e a , m a c h in e , and eq u ip m en t; a s s is tin g w o r k e r by holding m a ­
te r ia ls or to o ls ; p e r fo r m in g oth er u n s k ille d task s as d ir e c te d by jo u r ­
n eym an .
The kind o f w o r k the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s
fr o m tra d e to trade:
In s o m e , tra d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to su p­
p ly in g , liftin g , and h old in g m a t e r ia ls and to o ls and clean in g w ork in g
a r e a s ; and in o th e rs he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m ach in e
o p e r a tio n s , o r p a r ts o f a tra d e that a re a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s
on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .

20

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine
tools, such as jig b o re rs, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jig s, fixtures, or dies.
Work involves most of the following:
Planning and perform ing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes , m achine-tool operators , toolroom ,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for m ajor repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling m achines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are w orkers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of m ach in ists handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
m achinists work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment' and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com ­
putations relating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard to o ls ,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed r e ­
ducers.
In general, the millwright *s work norm ally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, busses, m otortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves m ost of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts fro m
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assem blies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining w heels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.



Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush. May mix co lo rs , o ils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency.
In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

21

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE - Continued

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment.
Work involves most of the fo l­
lowing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to co r r e c t lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressu res, flow, and size of pipe r e ­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Workers
prim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.

and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blue­
prints, m odels, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber *s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F abricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lock ers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

and

GUARD
P erform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.
In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
em ployees and other persons entering.



TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other m etal-forming work.
Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and processes. In
general, the tool and die maker*s work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartment house,
or com m ercial or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination

22

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER - Continued

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued

of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restroom s.
W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, p ost­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a fp«^ of shipping record s.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or m ore of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and m erchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting m aterials or merchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
custom ers' orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going ord ers, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations perform ed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is r e ­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other m aterials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ra c­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre


For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
m aterials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants , freight depots , w are­
houses , wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and custom ers' houses or places of business. May also
load or unload truck with or without helper s , make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order.
D river-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (T ra ctor-tra iler should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity. )
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

light (under 1V2 tons)
medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-p ow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, w orkers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than fork lift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
f t U. S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : 1955 O —

336581

F o r the co n v e n ie n ce
the fo llo w in g sa le s o f f ic e s :

U .S . D ep a rtm e n t o f L a b o r
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tistics
341 Ninth A ven u e
N ew Y o r k 1, No Y.

o f u s e r s o f B LS data, c o p ie s o f b u lle tin s m ay a ls o be p u rch a se d fr o m

U .S . D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics
105 W est A d a m s S tre e t
C h ica g o 3, 111.

U .S . D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics
630 S a n som e S treet
San F r a n c is c o 11, C a lif.

O ccu p a tio n a l w age su rv e y s a re b ein g co n d u cte d in 17 m a jo r la b o r m a rk e ts during late 1954
and e a r ly 1955* B u lletin s fo r the fo llo w in g a re a s a re now a v a ila b le and m ay be p u rch a s e d fr o m
the
S u p erin ten d en t o f D ocu m en ts, G ov ern m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashin gton 25, D . C . , o r fr o m any of
the r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s lis te d a b o v e .

L a b o r M ark et
B u ffa lo , N . Y .
C le v e la n d , O hio
D a lla s , T e x .
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .
M in n e a p o lis -S t. P au l,
Mirnio
D e n v e r , C o lo .
San F r a n c i s c o O akland, C a lif.




S u rvey P e r io d

B LS B u lle tin
N u m b er

S ep tem b er 1954
O cto b e r 1954
S ep tem b er 1954
N o v e m b e r 1954

1172-1
1 1 7 2 -2
1 1 72-3
1 1 7 2 -4

25
25
20
25

N o v e m b e r 1954
D e c e m b e r 1954

1 1 7 2 -5
1 1 72 -6

20 cen ts
25 cen ts

1 1 72-7

20 cents

January 1955

P r ic e
cents
cents
cen ts
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102