View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

DENVER, <30LO.
DECEM BER 1954

BLS

Bulletin No. 1172-6

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Aryness Joy Wickens, Acting Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




DENVER, COLO.
December

1954

Bulletin No. 1172-6
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Aryness Joy Wickens, Acting Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

Price 25 cents




Page
IN T R O D U C T IO N ___________________________________________________________ _____

1

TABLES:
A:

O ccupation al e a rn in g s* A - 1 O ffice o ccu p a tio n s --------------------------------------------------------------------A -Z P r o fe s s io n a l and te ch n ica l o ccu p a tio n s _____________________
A - 3 M aintenance and pow erp lan t o ccu p a tio n s -----------------------------A -4 C u stodial and m a te ria l m ov em en t o c c u p a t io n s ----------------------

co m vo r-




CONTENTS

B:

E stab lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en tary w age p r o v is io n s B - 1 Shift d iffe re n tia l p r o v is io n s * ------------------------------------------------B -2 M inim um en tra n ce ra te s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ----------B -3 F re q u e n cy o f w age p a y m e n t ----------------------------------------------------B -4 Scheduled w eek ly h ou rs * ____________________________ _________
B -5 P a id h olid a y p r o v is io n s * _____________________________________
B -6 P a id v a ca tio n s * ________________________________________________

9
10
11
11
12
13

A P P E N D IX :

Job d e s c r ip t io n s _________________________________________________

* N O T E : S im ila r tabulations (a lso co v e rin g h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p la n s) a re a v a ila b le in the D en ver a re a r e p o r ts fo r N o v e m b e r 1949, January
1951, N o v e m b e r 1951, N o v e m b e r 1952, and D e c e m b e r 1953. The 1953 r e ­
p o r t a ls o p r o v id e s tabulations o f w age stru ctu re c h a r a c t e r is t ic s , la b o r m a n agem en t a g re e m e n ts , and o v e rtim e pay p r o v is io n s . A d ir e c t o r y in d i­
catin g date o f study and the p r ic e o f the r e p o r t s , as w e ll as r e p o r t s fo r
o th e r m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon re q u e st.
A cu rren t re p o rt on o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in gs and su p p lem en ta ry w age
p r a c t ic e s is a ls o a v a ila b le fo r the m a ch in e r y in d u strie s in the D en ver a re a
(D e c e m b e r 1954). Union S c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re
a v a ila b le fo r the follow in g tra d e s o r in d u strie s: B uilding c o n s tr u c tio n ,
p rin tin g , lo c a l tra n sit op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s .

( m)

15




O C C U P A T I O N A L

W A G E

S U R V E Y

I n tr o d u c tio n

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s
W age P r o v is io n s

an d S u p p le m e n ta r y

I n fo r m a t io n is a ls o p r e s e n t e d on s e l e c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t
p r a c t ic e s an d s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fit s a s th e y r e la t e to o ffic e and
p la n t w o r k e r s .
T h e t e r m , ’ ' o f f i c e w o r k e r s ” , a s u s e d in t h is
b u lle tin in c lu d e s a ll o f f ic e c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s an d e x c lu d e s a d ­
m in is tr a tiv e ,
e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, an d te c h n ic a l p e r s o n n e l.
’’P la n t w o r k e r s ” in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n an d a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f ic e
fu n c tio n s .
A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l
e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n e m p lo y e e s w ho a re
u tiliz e d a s a s e p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d . C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s
a n d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s b u t a r e
i n c l u d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s i n n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .

E a r n in g s

O c c u p a tio n a l c la s s if i c a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f
jo b d e s c r ip t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t
v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s w i t h i n th e s a m e j o b ( s e e A p p e n d i x f o r l i s t i n g
o f th e se d e s c r ip tio n s ).
E a r n in g s d a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r th e f o l ­
l o w i n g t y p e s o f o c c u p a t i o n s : (a ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (b ) p r o f e s s i o n a l
a n d t e c h n i c a l ; ( c ) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (d ) c u s t o d i a l
an d m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.

S h if t - d if f e r e n t i a l d a ta a r e l im it e d to m a n u fa c tu r in g in ­
d u s tr ie s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o t h in t e r m s o f (a)
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y 3 a n d (b ) e f f e c t i v e p r o v i s i o n s f o r w o r k e r s

*

T h i s r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in th e B u r e a u * s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e
i n S a n F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , b y W i l l i a m P . 0 * C o n n o r u n d e r th e d i ­
r e c t io n o f J o h n L . D a n a , R e g io n a l W a g e a n d In d u s tr ia l R e la t io n s
A n a ly s t.
1 S e e fo llo w in g ta b le fo r m in im u m -s iz e e s t a b lis h m e n t c o v ­
e r e d b y stu d y .
2 A n e x c e p t i o n i s m a d e in th e t a b u l a t i o n o f m i n i m u m e n ­
t r a n c e r a t e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s w h ic h r e la t e s to p r o v i s i o n s
in e s t a b lis h m e n t s a c t u a lly s t u d ie d .




*

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e f e r to th e t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n th e s c o p e o f th e s t u d y a n d n o t t o th e
n u m b e r a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l
s t r u c t u r e a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , th e e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l
e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d
s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f t h e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t m a t e r i a l l y
a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n i n g s d a t a .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e
o f t h e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,
an d to e n s u r e p r o m p t p u b lic a tio n o f r e s u lt s .
T o o b t a in a p p r o ­
p r ia te a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e
th a n o f s m a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d ie d .
In c o m b i n i n g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t.
E s t im a t e s a r e p r e s e n t e d t h e r e fo r e a s r e la t in g to a ll e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t s i n th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a , b u t n o t t o t h o s e b e l o w
th e m i n im u m s i z e s t u d ie d . 2
and

C O L O .

D a ta a r e sh o w n fo r fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. th o s e h ir e d
t o w o r k a f u l l - t i m e s c h e d u l e f o r th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r
w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la te s h ift s .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o ­
n u s e s a r e a ls o e x c lu d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s and in c e n tiv e
e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , a s fo r
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e w o r k s c h e d u le s
(r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f - h o u r ) f o r w h ic h s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s
a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n
r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t 50 c e n t s .

T h e D e n v e r a r e a is o n e o f s e v e r a l im p o r ta n t in d u s tr ia l
c e n t e r s in w h i c h t h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s h a s c o n d u c t e d
s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d w a g e b e n e fit s on an
a r e a w id e b a s is .
In e a c h a r e a ,
d a ta a r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d a g e n ts to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e
e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith in 6 b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a ­
tio n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t il­
it i e s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l
e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s tr y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e
s t u d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t in s t it u t io n s an d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n an d e x ­
tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e ­
s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s w e r e a ls o o m itte d s in c e th e y fu r n is h
i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d to w a r r a n t
in c lu s io n . *
1
W h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e , s e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o ­
v i d e d f o r th e i n d i v i d u a l b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

O cc u p a tio n s

D E N V E R ,

3
A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v in g a p o li c y i f i
m e t e i t h e r o f th e f o l l o w i n g c o n d i t i o n s :
( l ) O p e r a t e d la t e s h ift s
a t th e t i m e o f th e s u r v e y , o r (2 ) h a d f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g
la te s h ift s .

()
i

2

a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n e x t r a s h i f t s a t th e t i m e o f t h e s u r v e y .
T a b u la t io n s r e la t in g to
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y a r e p r e s e n t e d in
t e r m s o f t o t a l p l a n t w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t ; e s t i m a t e s in t h e s e c o n d
t a b u l a t i o n r e l a t e o n l y t o t h o s e w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n th e
s p e c if i e d s h ift .
S u p p le m e n t a r y p r a c t i c e s , o th e r th a n m in im u m e n t r a n c e
ra tes fo r w om en
o ffic e w o r k e r s ,
an d s h ift d if f e r e n t ia ls ,
are
t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n th e b a s i s th a t t h e s e a r e p r o v i d e d t o a l l
w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in o f f i c e s o r p la n t d e p a r t m e n t s t h a t o b s e r v e
th e p r a c t i c e in q u e s t i o n . 4
B e c a u s e o f v a r y in g e lig ib ilit y r e ­

4 S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s fo r o f f ic e w o r k e r s ( f ir s t s e c t io n
o f t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o m e n
o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d i n o f f i c e s w it h t h e i n d i c a t e d w e e k l y h o u r s
fo r w om en w o r k e r s .

q u i r e m e n t s , th e p r o p o r t i o n a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g th e s p e c i f i c b e n e f i t s
m a y b e s m a lle r .
M o r e o v e r , a p r a c t ic e w as c o n s id e r e d as a p ­
p l i c a b l e to a l l o f f i c e o r p l a n t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t i f i t
a p p lie d to a m a jo r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s .
B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,
s u m s o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y
e q u a l to t a ls .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s is li m i t e d to f o r m a l
a r r a n g e m e n t s , e x c lu d in g i n f o r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y t i m e o f f w ith
p a y i s g r a n t e d a t th e d i s c r e t i o n o f t h e e m p l o y e r o r th e s u p e r ­
v is o r .
S e p a ra te e s t im a te s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r
p r a c t i c e in c o m p u t i n g v a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s , s u c h a s t i m e p a y m e n t s ,
p e r c e n t o f an n ual e a r n in g s , o r f la t - s u m a m o u n ts .
H o w e v e r , in
th e ta b u la t io n s o f v a c a t i o n a l l o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y ­
m e n ts n o t on a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r t e d ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t
o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u i v a l e n t
of 1 w eek ’ s pay.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y and N u m b e r Studied in D e n v e r , C o lo . , 1 b y M a jo r In d u stry D iv is io n , D e c e m b e r 1954

M in im u m -s i z e
e s ta b lis h m e n t
in s c o p e o f
stu d y 2

In d u stry d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin
scope of
study

W o r k e r s inl e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W ithin s c o p e o f stu d y

Studied
T o ta l3

O ffic e

S tu died
P la n t

T o ta l3

__

51

466

140

9 1 ,5 0 0

1 8 ,8 0 0

5 6 ,7 0 0

5 6 ,3 5 0

M a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________________________ __
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) ,
c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4 _____
W h o le s a le tr a d e _____________________________________
R e ta il tra d e __________ _____ ___________________________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te -------------------S e r v i c e s 61 _____________ _______________________________
6
5
4
3
2

51
51

154
312

46
94

3 3 ,6 0 0
5 7 ,9 0 0

4 , 100
1 4 ,7 0 0

2 5 ,0 0 0
3 1 ,7 0 0

2 1 ,0 7 0
3 5 ,2 8 0

51
51
51
51
51

37
73
112

18
15
36

1 6 ,9 0 0
8 , 600
2 1 ,1 0 0

42
48

12

13

5 ,4 0 0
5 ,9 0 0

8 , 700
(5)
1 5 ,7 0 0
(5)
( 5)

1 4 ,4 0 0
2, 510
1 3 ,9 6 0
2, 320
2 , 090

A ll d iv is io n s

__________________________________________

4, 400
(5 )
2, 500
(5)
(5)

1 The D e n v e r M e tro p o lita n A r e a (A d a m s , A r a p a h o e , D e n v e r , and J e f fe r s o n C o u n t ie s ). T h e " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu dy" e s t im a t e s sh ow n in this ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly
a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . The e s t im a t e s a r e not in ten ded, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r a r e a
e m p lo y m e n t in d ic e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e ls s in c e ( l ) p lanning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the use o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p il e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n ce o f the pay
p e r io d stu d ied and ( 2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 In c lu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m - s iz e lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (w ithin the are a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u c h in d u s t r ie s as t r a d e , fin a n c e ,
auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o t io n - p ic t u r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as one e s t a b lis h m e n t .
3 In c lu d e s e x e c u t iv e , t e c h n ic a l, p r o f e s s io n a l and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d fr o m the s e p a r a te o f fi c e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
4 A l s o e x c lu d e s t a x ic a b s , and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r t a t io n in c lu d e d in e a r l ie r s tu d ie s .
5 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A and B t a b le s , alth ou gh c o v e r a g e w as in s u ffic ie n t to j u s t if y s e p a ­
ra te p r e s e n t a t io n o f data.
6 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; r a d io b r o a d c a s t in g and te le v is io n ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r ­
ing and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A : Occupational Earnings
Table A-1: O ffice O ccu p atio n s
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a
b a s is in D e n v e r , C o l o . , b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e c e m b e r 1954)
Average

S ex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E W EEKLY EARNINGS OFT

$
$
Weekly
3 0 . 00 3 2 . 50
earnings
and
(Standard) u n d e r
3 2 . 50 3 5 .0 0

$
$
$
3 5 . 0 0 3 7 . 50 4 0 . 00

$
*
%
*
S
S
S
S
$
$
$
S
S
s
S
S
s
4 2 . 50 4 5 . 0 0 4 7 . 50 5 0 . 0 0 5 2 . 50 5 5 . 0 0 5 7 . 50 6 0 . 0 0 6 2 . 50 6 5 . 00 6 7 . 50 7 0 . 0 0 7 2 . 50 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00
■

"

“

"

3 7 .5 0

4 0. 00

4 2 . 50

45 . 00

“

~

4 7 . 50

5 0. 00

5 2 . 50

5 5 . 00

“

“

5 7 . 50

60. 00

6 2 . 50

-

~

6 5. 00

"

“

6 7 . 50

7 0. 00

7 2 . 50

75. 00

■

~

and

80. 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

over

M en
C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A _________ _______ _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________

257
100
157

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

7 3 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

6 9. 00
7 6 . 00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

"

2

1

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B __________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________

113
40
73

40. 5
40. 0
40. 5

60. 00
59. 50
6 0. 00

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

-

"

-

"

-

-

3

13
3
10

21
11
10

3
-

-

C l e r k s , o r d e r _______________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
______ __________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________

193
74

6 5 . 50
7 0. 00
6 2 . 50

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

-

"

-

-

-

-

"

4

12
5
7

13
5
8

10
1

119

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l _____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________ _________________

79
59

40. 0
40. 0

6 8. 00
6 8. 00

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

O f f i c e b o y s ____________________ _____ _________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________

122
102

40. 0
40. 0

4 2 . 50
4 2 . 50

_

1
1

15
15

34
30

27
15

8
8

8
7

3
3

16
16

69
53

39. 5
39. 5

7 0 . 50
7 1 . 50

B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) ________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
P n b lir u t ilit ie s *

136
117
54

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h i n e ) ---------------------------------------------------------------

37

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ______________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_______ ___________ _______

-

8
4
4

31
17
14

23
15
8

33
21
12

23
12
11

17
1
16

8
3
5

56
21
35

22
3
19

23
1
22

11
4
7

19
14
5

19
3
16

6
3
3

15
1
14

!

1
-

1
1

.

_

-

-

-

_

1

1

-

-

-

-

24
1
23

17
7
10

20
1

3
3

17
16
1

19
8
11

1
1

5
5

-

2f5
5
20

7
4

19

16
12
4

3

-

-

2
1

12

3

12

-

4
3

14
11

3
2

14
10

15
12

7
5

4
2

-

-

8
7

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

10
6

1
-

7
3

9
7

9
8

5
2

8
8

10
10

1
1

2
2

1
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

3

9

10
2
8

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

1
1

52. 00
5 1 . 50
5 0. 50

_

_

_

_

_

6
6
6

15
2

-

_

8
6
6

10
10

_

_

41
33
10

_

_

15
12
12

_

-

26
24
16

_

-

5
5

_

_

7
6
2

17

_

_

-

_

-

-

_

_

40. 0

5 3. 00

-

-

-

1

-

1

2

1

10

12

6

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

71
48

40. 0

6 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
6

5
4

_

-

17
10

_

-

4
1

-

-

9
7

-

-

3
3

-

-

9
7

10

6 1. 00

1
1

2

3 9 .5

9

-

-

-

-

-

c l a s s B _______________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * __________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _________________________________

403
60
343
30
55

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
4 1 .0

50.
56.
49.
54.
54.

-

-

-

16
6
10

14
8
6

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

6

15
1
6

-

-

2
18

-

-

2
2

2

-

21
2
19
9
6

7
4
3

-

38
17
21
2
7

11
5
6

-

60
1
59
7
4

-

42

67
7
60

-

8

59
1
58

-

-

42
-

15

-

8
-

45

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A __________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________ __
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * __________________________
R e ts il tra d e
........

23 5
58
177
54
55

39. 5
40. 0

6 1 . 00
6 2 . 50
6 0 . 50

_

_

_

_

_

5

15

14

-

-

12
9
3

25
2
23

17
6

5
1
4
3

18
2
16
7
1

-

-

-

6

2
1

12
7
5
4

_

-

32
16
16
12
3

1

-

30
6
24
6
9

6

-

10
7
3
2
1

7

-

2

1
1

_

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B __________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________ _________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * __________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e __________________________________

530
114
416
68
103

39. 5
40. 0

59
7
52
13

64
8
56

-

-

-

-

-

11

3
1
2

3

_

-

_

-

4 9 . 50

1

12
1

_

-

2
11

_

3

2
15

2
16
6
3

3
3

11

12
44

44
14
30

18

39. 5
40. 0
40. 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________

96
84

39. 5
39. 5

5 2. 00
5 2. 00

8
8

2
1

11
8

2
2

1

_

_

_

“

3
3

_

■

-

-

-

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e

op era tors

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

_______________

-------------------------------------------

1

W om en

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e

-

op era tors,

S ee fo o tn o te at end o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) ,




39. 5
40. 0
40. 5

00
00
00
50
00

6 6 . 00
5 2 . 50

53.
52.
53.
53.

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

00
50
00
00

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

3

-

-

2
1
1

_
_

-

-

3
3

-

_

3

_

-

-

3

-

-

_

_

-

-

2
2

-

_

_
_

-

_
_

5
_

9
36
4
1

-

-

15

14

26
2
24

_

_

5

4

5

2
22

25
1
24
1
18

36
10
26
4
8

56
10
46
10
15

53
18
35

89
23
66

9
3

8
25

13
12

5
5

13
13

15
11

12
10

-

1
3

-

7

56

2
1

_

9
3

11
2

-

_
5
5

2
1
1
1

4
4

_
-

-

_

O cc u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , D e n v e r , C o lo . , D e c e m b e r 1954
and oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B u rea u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s

T a b le A-1: O f f ic e O c c u p a t io n s - C o n t in u e d
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a
b a s is in D e n v e r , C o lo . , b y in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n , , D e c e m b e r 1954)
Average

Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

$
Weekly
3 0. 00
earnings
and
(Standard) u n d e r
3 2 . 50

$
3 2 . 50
3 5 . 00

3 5 . 00

$
3 7 . 50

3 7 . 50

4 0 . 00

4 0 . 00

$
4 2 . 50

$
4 5 . 00

$
4 7 . 50

*
$
$
5 0 . Q0 5 2 . 50 5 5 . 0 0

4 2 . 50

4 5 . 00

4 7 . 50

5 0 . 00

5 2 . 50

S
S
$
$
$
S
1
$
$
S
s
5 7 . 50 6 0 . 0 0 6 2 . 5 0 6 5 . 0 0 6 7 . 5 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 2 . 5 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0
and

5 5. 00

5 7 . 50

6 0 . 00

6 2 . 50

6 5 . 00

6 7 . 50

7 0 . 00

7 2 . 50

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

9 0 . 00

8 5. 00

over

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d
334
29
305
68

40.
40.
40.
40.

C l e r k s , o r d e r _____________ *_______________ ______
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________

154
51
103

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

5 1 . 50
50. 00
5 2. 00

.
_
_ _ _ _
C l e r k s , p a y r o l l _____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________ _______________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * __________ _____ _______
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________

244
93
151
56
34

40.
40.
40.
40.
40.

55.
56.
55.
53.
52.

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ______________________

362
70
292

39. 5
40. 0

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________

116

0
0
0
0

$
43.
48.
43.
46.

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B _________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________

5
0
5
0
5

39. 5
40. 0

50
00
00
00

_

20
2
18
5

43
1
42
6

_

91
6

57
9
48
5

24
4
20
6

51
4
47
22

24
6

5
2
3

18
-

25
3
22

6
6
-

31
7
24
4
3

91

-

2
2

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

16
6
10

_

_

_

-

50
50
00
00
00

5 1 . 50
56. 00
50. 00

6
6
3

-

-

2
2
-

4
2
2
-

-

-

-

-

1

6

2
2

2
2

29
2
27
14
8
2
6
4

-

2
2

4 9 . 50

-

-

-

-

14
14
7

50
00
00
50

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
-

4
4
1

-

18
9
9
4
2

24
-

11
5
6
6

5
2
3
3

-

21
15
6

3
3

25
13
12

18
2
16

50
20

14
1
13

29
8

31
21
10
2
3

30
24
6

-

12
7
5

2
2
-

1

-

3
1
2
1

25
3

1
1
-

4
1
3

"
_

3
2
1
-

6
6
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

105
19
86
7
7

56
26
30
8
3

74
18
56
16
5

32
10
22

35
9
26

3

9
47
3
12

66
11
55
12
3

9
1

9
4

170
38
132
25
36

117
43
74
23
4

119
45
74
q22
1

111
15
96
26

43
8

23
18
5
2

45
8
37
5

_

_

-

-

-

9
-

123
64

-

-

39. 5
40. 0
40. 5

-

11
-

-

-

9
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
3
4

20
20
1
8

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________ __________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _____ ________ _____ ________

1 ,0 6 6
267

39. 5
40. 0

00
50
00
00
00

7
-

19
6

1
9
4

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

61
26

13
7

29
4

6
6

-

31
11
20
7
1

25
14
3

14
3

-

_

_

11
3

-

-

-

35
22

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

79
20
7

87
18

-

7
1
6

97
20
77
17
15

100
13

-

20
5
15
4
1

94
15

-

9

85
35
50
12
10

-

35
9
9

-

21
1
20
4
1

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

1

5

3

7

1

5

8

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

12
12

22
-

29
-

15
3
12
1

23
2
21
3

13
2
11
1

22
8
14
4

4
2
2

3
2
1

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

22
22
21

8
5
3

-

10
10
1

15
10

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

17
12
5

13
7
6
1

71
26

31
4
27

15
7

8
-

8
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

4
-

-

-

8

8

-

-

4

-

-

-

34
3
31
16

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

2
2

4
4

1
1

12
12

1

_

5

1

_

_

-

22
15

29
4

_

_

23
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
15

_

_

_

_

_

See fo o tn o te at end o f ta b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




-

14
4
10
1

_

55
12
43
6
10

_

6 3 . 00
6 1 . 00

-

17
7
10
1

-

-

_

39. 5
39. 5

4
4
1
1

-

56

_

45
38

1
1
-

-

-

_

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ____________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

4
3
1
1

-

17
4
13
-

-

00
50
00
50
00

40. 0
41. 5

14
14
2

-

-

_

67.
69.
66.
73.
61.

00
00
50
00

36
26
10
2
3

-

_

39. 5
40. 0

52.
51.
52.
47.

-

-

1

670
166
504

40. 0
40. 0

“

_

-

_

S e c r e t a r i e s _________________ _ ____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________

264
84
180
47

-

1

14

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s _____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____ _ _______________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________ ______
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________________________

-

5

-

_

3
1

29
28

50
50
50
50

-

-

_

14
12

30
25

48.
58.
46.
45.

1
5

-

13
10

-

42. 0
40. 5

_

22
11

9
8

41. 5
40. 0

_

21
17

-

200
34
166
53

_

14
2

_

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________ _______________

-

5
-

4
1
3
3

1
1

6 2. 00

-

_

21
11
10
3

-

40. 0

-

25
4

4 2 . 00
4 1 . 50

32

6

-

20
3
17
7

40. 0
40. 0

____________________

6
6

-

23
4

17
3

5
49
19

115
94

te c h n ic a l

-

23
2
21
4

29

O f f i c e g i r l s ---------------------------- -----------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

S ten og ra p h ers,

-

-

10

1
1

39. 0
40. 0
40. 0

-

49
13
36
12

39. 5
40. 0

799
191
99

-

19
2
17
6

54

59

_

-

70
26
44
21

63
63

54.
55.
54.
54.

57.
57.
57.
57.
53.

-

21
7
8

182
35
147

9

-

9
1

K e y - p u n c h o p e r a t o r s __________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________ ________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ________ ____________

39. 5
40. 0

-

2
2
-

45
6
_

8

14
2
12

5
3
26
15
11
4
6

5

"

-

-

5
5

4
4

4
3

"

2

_

.

_

-

-

-

5

T a b le A-1: O f f ic e O c c u p a t io n s - C o n t in u e d
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a
b a s is in D e n v e r , C o l o . , b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e c e m b e r 1954)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

$0 .0 0
Weekly
and
earnings
(Standard) u n d e r
3 2 . 50

$ 2 . 50

$ 5 .0 0

r1
(Jl
o

o c c u p a tio n ,

35. 00

3 7 . 50

$ 0 .0 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 5 .0 0

$ 7 . 50

50. 00

5 2 . 5 0 * 5 5 . 0 0 *5 7. 5 0 * 6 0 . 0 0 * 6 2 . 5 0 * 6 5 . 0 0

6 7 . 50 *70. 00

4 2 . 50

4 5 . 00

4 7 . 50

5 0 .0 0

5 2 . 50

5 5 .0 0

7 0. 00

s
7 2 . 50 *75. 00 *80. 00 *85. 0 0 *90. 00

,

S ex,

?
O
o

A verage
Number
of
workers

and
5 7 . 50

6 0 .0 0

6 2 . 50

6 5 .0 0

6 7 . 50

7 2 . 50

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

over.

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d
T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------- -----------------------------

$
137
100

3 9 .5
39. 5

5 3 . 50
5 3. 00

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

9
9

18
15

8
8

20

-

15
13

27

-

19

19

11
6

11
3

5
2

T y p i s t s , c l a s s A ___________________________ —
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ________________________________

353

3 9 .5
40. 0

53.
54.
53.
53.

50
50
50
00

_

1

17

4

-

-

-

-

39
12

38
4
34
6

-

4
1

67
11
56
18

39
4

17
1

33
6
27
1

47
8

1
1

41
4
37
13

46

'

35
1

6
3

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B _____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------P u b lic u tilitie s *
_____________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______ _______________________

673
145
528

4 7 . 00
4 9 . 50
4 6 . 50

4
2
2

13

82
18
64

4 9 . 50
4 8 . 00

-

-

7

46
28
18
7
5

40
5
35
5
15

7
4
3
3

6

101
35
66
14
6

1
2

-

105
32
73
15
13

3

13

72
8
64

1

*

49
304
63

55
74

39. 5
39. 5
40.
40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0
0

_

_

-

"

23
1
22
3

9

------- 3 1
6
-

-

153

—

r
145
7
7

1
15

9
37
6

6

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

3
3

4
2
2

2
1
1

6

1

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

“

-

-

-

11

_

4

_

_

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

11

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

6

-

_

H ou rs r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a
b a s is in D e n v e r , C o l o . , b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e c e m b e r 1954)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
U nder
earnings
(Standard) $

$

$

$

$

$

$

s

$

S

$

t

$

$

S

S

S

%

S

*

$

s

55. 00 57. 50 60. 00 62. 50 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 9 0 . 00 95. 00 100.00 105. 00 110. 00 115. 00 120 . 00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140. 00
5and °
and
“
“
■
"
"
'
"
~
■
“
under
52. 50
55. 00 57. 50 6 0 .0 0 62. 50 6 5 .0 0 70. 00 75. 00 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115. 00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 1 4 0 . 0 0 o v e r

M en
$

-

29

40. 0

125. 00

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r _____________ __________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ________ _____ _______

284
122
162

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

90. 00
85. 50
93. 50

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r -----------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------

76
28
48

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

6 6 . 50
61 . 00

70. 00

5
3

34

40. 0

67. 50

2

D r a ft s m e n , l e a d e r _________________________

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

1

_

1

1

12

19
19

50
25
25

22
10
12

38
5
33

7
6
1

17
5

48
27

14

-

3
3
-

21

8
6

35
14

12

21

3
3

14
14

13
13

8

8

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

8

-

~

-

-

_
-

_
-

8

4
4

1

5

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

8

5
4

3

10

10
6

11

2
1

2
2

10

-

4

2

7
7

1

3

4

1

13

4

1

-

9

-

2

6

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

W om en
N u r s e s , in d u s tr ia l ( r e g is t e r e d ) -------------

_

1 H o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .




O cc u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , D e n v e r , C o lo . , D e c e m b e r 1954
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

A

T a b le A -3 :

M a in te n a n c e a n d P o w e rp la n t O c c u p a tio n s

(A verage hourly earnings1 fo r men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
in Denver, C olo. , by industry d ivision , D ecem ber 1954)
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S O F—

O ccu p ation and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

C a r p e n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e -------------------------M a n u factu rin g ----------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g -----------------------------------

1 13

64
49

123
92
31

183
147
36

131
92
39

1 .3 5

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .4 5

$
1 .5 0

$

1 .5 5

$
1 .6 0

$
1. 65

! . 70

t .7 5

! . 80

! . 85 i .9 0

1 .9 5

1 .0 0

1 . 05

1. 35

1 .4 0

1 .4 5

1 .5 0

1 .5 5

1 .6 0

1 .6 5

1. 70

J f 75

1 .8 0

1 .8 5

1 .9 0

1 .9 5

2 . 00

2 .0 5

7
7

3
3

2

6

_
-

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in t e n a n c e -----------------jvianuiac turin g
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s * ---------------------------------

M a c h in is ts , m a in te n a n ce -------------------------\j1
_
^
M
xvianuiacHiring
— — "■■•••
—
“• ■■

.

_

10

12

6

188

1 .7 0

1

121

1 .6 8

1 .7 2

1

1 . 73

"

6

9
9

.
"

1

-

•

-

-

_

_

.

2

~

■

32
32
"

■

Q
7

29
17

22
22

34

8

2
1

12
12

-

52
39
13
13

■

7

-

-

~

9

11
11

2

9

“

4
4
“

4
4

■

3
J
*

-

11

-

8

5

2 .0 1
2 .0 1

1 . 75

1. 75

P ip e f it t e r s , m a in ten a n ce
M anufa c tu. r ing

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

--------------------------

62

-

-

-

80

-

-

-

-

-

’

-

2. 19
7 10
fa. 17

1 Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
* Transportation (excluding ra ilroa d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.




2. 15

2 . 20

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2 . 60

24
19
5

11

11
11

5
5

10

■

7
7

14
13

11

1

3

19
19
“

10
8
2

32
18
14

8
1

4
3

6
6

7

1

53
48
5

8

13
9
4

12
12

1

7
7
-

32
32
•

-

5
5
"

-

-

-

-

"

-

■

■

2

22
22

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

9
7

7

-

-

-

3
3

j

1

5
5

-

-

"

"

“

"

18
18
"

7

9
7

93
93

40
40

23
15

58

6

1
1

-

"

6

20
20

2

~

“

2

.
-

6
6

10
10

"

-

4
4
-

-

..
■

1
1

10
10

18

11

22

4
7
b

8?
2

46

6
12
12

-

87
87

46
43

15
7

1
1

12

4

2
2

13
13

246
-

-

-

-

246
246

-

-

6

58
38

54
45

5
5

35
34

“

18
18

3
3

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

"

13
13

1
1

2
2

7
7

-

27
27

4
4

25
25

3
3

16
16

-

-

-

-

-

29

1
1

2

5

1

1

21
21

9

1
1

15
15

1

13

n vp r

13
13

■

5
5

-

8
8

1
1

2 . 16
2 . 16

86

70
(7

------------------------------------

-

2 . 11

87

-

2. 03

34

P a in t e r s , m a in ten a n ce --------------------------------

3
3

2 .0 7
-

2 . 10

-

15
15

2 .0 9

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ( m a in t e n a n c e )----M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------

$
$
2. 50 2 . 60

9
■

6

4

30
30

■

9.
-

2 . 08

30
30

6

-

•

O ile r s -----------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------------

8
8

5
5
"

6

.

173
163

-

A

12

-

M e c h a n ic s , m a i n t e n a n c e ---------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------

7
4
3

■

4

10

2 . 01
2 . 08
2 . 08

1

■

-

-

1 .6 6

67

$
$
$
S
2. 15 2 . 20 2. 30 2 .4 0

2

5

1

7

62

2 . 10

3

1

1

1 .8 2
1 .2 8

510
46
464
439

6

5

-

232

.

_

1

2 .0 3

212

5
5
~

1
1

1. 76

$

and

2 . 09

F ir e m e n , s ta tio n a r y b o i l e r -----------------------M an u factu rin g ----------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------

$

2. 14
2. 14
2. 13

E n g in e e r s , s t a tio n a r y -------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------

$
1 .3 0

$
_ 2 .1 6
2. 15
2 . 18

E le c t r ic ia n s , m a in te n a n c e -----------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------

$
$
U ndei 1 .2 0 1 .2 5
and
$
under
1 .2 0
1 .2 5 1. 30

9

33
33

7
7

4
3
1
1

21
21

19
19

1

1
1

38
37

O ccupational Wage S urvey, D en ver, C o lo . , D ecem b er 1954
U .S . DEPARTM EN T OF LABOR
Bureau o f L a b or S tatistics

T a b le A -4 :

C u sto d ia l a n d M a te ria l M o v em en t O c c u p a tio n s

(A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s 2 s tu d ie d on an a r e a
b a s i s in D e n v e r , C o l o . , b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , D e c e m b e r 1 95 4)

Average
hourly
earnings

144
108
36

$
1 .6 8
1. 80
1. 32

-

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
(m en ) -------------- ------ ----------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________
P u b lic u tilit ie s * ___________________
R e t a il tr a d e ________________________

1. 061
482
579
137
257

1. 28
1 .4 5
1. 14
1. 32
1. 04

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
(w om en ) ___________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________

228
26
202
30

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h an d lin g ___________
M a n u f a c t u r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s
__________________
R e t a il t r a d e _______ _______________

1. 542
442
1, 100
525
281

O r d e r f i l l e r s ______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________

701
208
493
137

1.
1.
1.
1.

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (m en ) ________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
----------------------------R e t a il t r a d e _________________________

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

G u a rd s ___________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

*

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (w om en )

_____________

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

%

$
U nde i 0. 85 0 .9 0
and
$
0. 85 under
.9 0
.9 5

Number
of
workers

%

$
0 .9 5

$
1 .0 0

$
1 .0 5

$
1. 10

$
1. 15

$
1 .2 0

$
1 .2 5

1 .0 0

1 .0 5

1. 10

1. 15

1 .2 0

1. 25

1 .3 0

-

1

10
10

7
7
-

3
3

1. 30

$
1. 35

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .4 5

$
$
s
$
1. 50 1. 55 1. 60 1 .6 5

1. 35

1 .4 0

1 .4 5

1. 50

1. 55

1. 60

1. 65

8
8

-

2
2
-

2
2
"

$
$
1. 70 1 .7 5

$
$
$
1. 80 1. 85 1 .9 0

1. 70

1 .7 5

1. 80

1. 85

1 .9 0

1 .9 5

2. 00

2
2

2
2

30
30
-

8
8
"

8
8
-

-

51
51
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

$
$
$
1 .9 5 2. 00 2. 05
and
2. 05

over

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

6
6

40
40
27

15
6
9
9

45
9
36
1
29

42
4
38
34

73
19
54
4
20

74
18
56
12
31

80
7
73
9
44

123
16
107
18
30

69
38
31
8
14

17
2
15
5
9

29
17
12
8
3

28
14
14
9
3

82
55
27
25
-

90
31
59
34
3

16
14
2
1

69
67
2
-

81
81
-

_
-

54
54
"

-

26
26
-

4
4
4
"

2
2
-

2
2
-

_
-

17
34
15
07

1
1
-

3
3
3

3
3
3

8
8
2

9
9
3

3
3
3

13
3
10
10

136
2
134
-

7
1
6
6

21
8
13
-

4
4
-

4
1
3
-

-

12
7
5
"

3
3
-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

1. 55
1. 57
1. 54
1. 64
1 .4 8

13
13
13

2
2
2

1
1
1

4
4
4

4
1
3
3

12
2
10
9

20
6
14
12

38
22
16
4

69
2
67
6

24
3
21
8

34
21
13
1
6

44
7
37
21

92
13
79
4
4

92
66
26
2
9

49
13
36
1
9

343
146
197
179
4

139
11
128
67
33

181
22
159
6
124

317
52
265
265
-

3
3
3

2
2
-

16
10
6
6

1
1
-

42
42
-

_
-

_
-

53
58
51
37

_
“

_

_
-

_
-

21
21
21

11
11
11

7
7
7

20
20
10

23
23
2

68
48
20
15

12
12
8

24
17
7
4

35
2
33
1

16
4
12
-

19
19
-

37
10
27
3

155
8
147
1

127
7
120
50

72
67
5
4

21
1
20
"

6
6
-

1
1
-

19
18
1
-

_
-

_

-

-

7
7
-

247
148
99
39

1 .4 0
1 .4 7
1. 29
1. 17

_
"

_
-

_
-

5
5
5

27
25
2
2

11
8
3
3

9
8
1

13
13
11

21
9
12
2

17
17
5

14
5
9
-

31
17
14
1

9
8
1
-

9
2
7

7
7
-

1

12
12
9

9
9
-

5
4
1
"

16
14
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

26
26
-

6
6
-

_
-

_
-

50

1. 17

_

_

_

6

3

9

6

8

1

2

13

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

6
6
6

5
5
1

17
6
11
11

2
2
2

~

13
5
8
1

26
1
25
8

1

-

10
10
10

j

3
1
2
1

13
4
9
-

18
7
11
1

61
29
32
9

1
1
-

6
6
6

2
1
1
-

1
1
-

-

-

4
4
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
3

1
1
-

17
8
9

1
1

18
12
6

7

3
3

45
11
34

29
23
6

34
3
31

11
7
4

11
11
-

_
■

7
7
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

7

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
“

3
3

_
~

_
"

2
2

7
7

15
11
4

12
11
1

14
10
4

2

1
1

7
7

15
14
1

1
1

_
-

2

11
2
9

■

1
1

4
4

.
"

1
1
-

.
-

-

8
5
3
3

14
'14
-

1.
1.
1.
1.

3
3

R e c e iv in g c le r k s ____________ _____ ________
M a n u f a c t u r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______ ______ ________
R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------

196
59
137
64

1. 53
1. 65
1 .4 7
1. 35

-

-

3

S h ippin g c l e r k s ___________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________

188
84
104

1 .6 2
1. 65
1. 60

_
"

.
-

_
-

_
-

S h ip p in g and r e c e iv i n g c l e r k s ____ ____
M a n u fa ctu rin g _____ _________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------

95
48
47

1. 67
1. 66
1. 68

_
"

_
-

_
~

_
"

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (under IV 2 t o n s ) -----M a n u f a c t u r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________

513
130
383

1 .5 6
1. 57
1. 56

.
"

.
-

_
-

'

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m ( l 1/* to and
in c lu d in g 4 ton s) ________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________ ______
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _________________
R e t a il tr a d e ------------------------------------

818
347
471
265
78

1. 70
1. 76
1 .6 6
1. 68
1. 67

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

~

3
- ;
3 |
3

-

.
“

.
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

~

-

1

1
-

7
6
1

_
-

8
8
-

1
1

10
9
1

34
34

36
4
32

79
13
66

18
6
12

18
14
4

215
7
208

34
33
1

1
1

21
21
-

14
8
6

16

-

-

4
4
"

1
1
1

■

2
2
■

17
17
-

16
16
6

4
4
-

29
27
2
-

174
174
74
46

265
178
87
40
4

167
30
137
137

15
12
3
3
“

34
9
25
7
18

17
13
4
4
■

“

-

■

16

_
-

-

-

51
51
~

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .
O cc u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , D e n v e r , C o lo . , D e c e m b e r 1954
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R




B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

8

T a b le A -4 :

C u sto d ia l a n d M a te ria l M o v em en t O c c u p a tio n s - C o n tin u ed
(A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s 2 studied on an a r e a
b a s is in D e n v e r , C o l o . , b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e c e m b e r 1954)

O ccu p a tion and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

$
$
$
$
U nder 0. 85 0. 90 0 .9 5 1 .0 0
and
$
0. 85 under
.9 0
.9 5 1 .0 0 1 .0 5

$
1 .0 5

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1. 10 1. 15 1. 20 1. 25 1. 30 1. 35 1 .4 0 1 .4 5 1. 50 1. 55 1 .6 0 1. 65 1. 70 1. 75 1. 80 1. 85 1. 90 1 .9 5 2. 00 2. 05
and

1. 10 -It 1-5.. .1 .2 0

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h ea v y ( o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a il e r type) ____________________________
N on m an u factu rin g
_ ....
P u b lic u t ilitie s * -------------------------

287
256
181

$
1. 70
1 .6 9
1. 70

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
o th er than t r a il e r type) ________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilitie s * __________________

62
55
35

1. 70
1. 72
1. 72

-

-

-

-

-

-

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (fo r k lift ) ________ ____ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ___ ____ _____ ___

296
176
120
72

1. 66
1. 64
1 .6 9
1. 75

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

W atchm en __________________________ ____
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________________ ______
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________ ___
R e ta il t r a d e ____________ __________

190
101
89
38

1.
1.
1.
1.

3
3

7
7
1

7
1
6
6

6
6

18
3
15
7

16
11
5
3

28
35
21
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

E x clu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late s h ifts .
D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ica te d .
T r a n s p o r ta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




-

-

1 .2 5

-

1 3 0 . 1 . 35_ 1.4,0.. 1 .4 5 .L..50

-

-

17
17

-

-

1. 55

1 .6 0

1. 65

1. 70

1
1

-

76
64
60

46
46
20

1 .7 5

1 .9 0 I . 95.. 2., 0.0- -2.

1 .8 0

1. 85

13
13
5

98
93
93

13
3
3

-

Q..
5

over

19
19
-

-

_
-

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

42
42
24

-

8
7
7

2
2
2

2
2
-

-

1
1
1

-

1
1
1

_
-

-

-

-

16
16
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
3
-

2
2
-

4
4
-

42
42
-

48
28
20

38
19
19
-

52
52
-

74
74
72

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

10
10
-

_
-

6
6
-

6
1
5
1

14
12
2
2

3
3
1

27
17
10
10

21
21
-

4
3
1

2
2
1

11
4
7
3

4
4

18
15
3
3

5
5
-

15
8
7

1
1

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

9

B: Establ ishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l: Shift Differential Provisions 1
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s ----

Shift d if fe r e n t ia l

(a)
In e s t a b l is h m e n t s having
fo rm a l prov ision s fo r—
S econ d shift
w ork

T h ir d o r oth e r
‘shift w o r k

(b)
A c t u a lly w o r k i n g on—

S eco n d shift

T h ird o r oth e r
shift

T o t a l _____________________________________________________________

84 . 6

7 1 .4

1 2 .0

4 .4

With shift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l -------------------------- ----------------------------

84. 6

7 1 .4

1 2 .0

4 .4

----------------------------------- ---------------

74. 4

5 1 .5

1 1 .4

4. 1

---------------------- -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------------------------

7. 3
2 1 .4
2 .4
11 (
11. 7
9. 6
10. 1
4. 1

_
15. 5
-

1 .4
5. 0
.8
1 L
1 •9
>
.7
.7
.3

_
3. 1
-

U n i fo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r )
5 ce n ts
6 ce n ts

7 lj c e n t s _i ____________ __ _______ _^___i _^___________j_
__
_
8 ce n ts — — ------ ------ —----- — ---------------- — -— -------------- 9 ce n ts — - —-----— — ------ — — --------- — ------ ----------------- —
10 c e n ts ---------- -------------------------- — ----------------------------------12 c e n ts — ------ ——------- -------------------------- -------------------------12 1/ 2 c e n t s ------------—
—------— ---------- ------- ------- —------—
132/3 c e n ts —------ ---------- ------------------ ——— ------ -----— ---------

1 .9
5. 8
-

1 .4
10. 1
6. 7
5 .9
9. 1
2. 7

------------------------ ------

4. 1

4. 1

O ther -------------------------------------------------------------- —---------------------

6. 1

2 1 5. 8

16 c e n t s ........................—

----------------------------------------------

F ull d a y ’ s pay fo r redu ced hours —

No sh ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ---------—------- ----------- --------------- -----------

-

-

-

.4
.9
-

_
.1
.2
.6
. 1
-

-

-

. 7

.3

-

-

-

1 Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l data a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b l is h m e n t p o l i c y , and (b) w o r k e r s a c t u a ll y e m p l o y e d on late
sh ifts at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y . An e s ta b lish m e n t was c o n s i d e r e d as h avin g a p o l i c y if it m e t e it h e r o f the f o l lo w in g c o n d i ­
tions:
( l ) O p e ra t e d late sh ifts at the tim e o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g late sh ifts.
2 P r i m a r i l y p r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y f o r m o r e h ours than w o r k e d plus a cen ts o r p e r c e n t a g e d if fe r e n t ia l f o r h o u rs w o r k e d .




O ccu p a tio n a l Wage S u r v e y , D e n v e r , C o lo . , D e c e m b e r 1954
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

10

T a b le B-2: M in im u m E n t r a n c e R a te s fo r W o m e n O f f ic e W o r k e r s 1

N um ber o f establishm ents with s p e c ifie d m inim um hiring rate in—
M anufacturing
M inim um rate
(w eekly salary)

A ll
schedules

E stablishm ents s tu d ie d _________________________________

140

N onmanuf ac tur ing

B ased on standard w eekly hours 2 <f—
o

A ll
industries

46

Num ber o f establishm ents with s p e c ifie d m inim um h iring rate in—

A ll
schedules

40

XXX

94

A ll
sched ules

40

140

$30.
$32.
$35.
$37.
$40.
$42.
$45.
$47.
$50.

00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00

$ 52. 50
$ 5 5 . 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under $ 3 2 . 5 0 ______________________________ ____
under $ 3 5 . 0 0 _____________________________________
under $ 3 7 . 5 0 _____________________________________
under $ 4 0 . 0 0 _____________________________________
under $ 4 2 . 5 0 _____________________________________
under $ 4 5 . 0 0 _________________________________ _
under $ 4 7 . 5 0 _________________________________ _
under $ 5 0 . 0 0 _____________________________________
under $ 5 2 . 5 0 __________________ _____ _____ _
under $ 5 5 . 0 0 _____________________________________
o v e r ______________________ ____________

58
3

7

6
18
4
9

8
2
1

2
1
2
1
2

2
1
6
2

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

7

E stablishm ents having no s p e cifie d m inim um ________

36

1
1
0

E stablishm ents which did not em ploy
w orkers in this ca tegory

45

14

Data not available _______________________________________

1

2
0

1

1

37

31

70

1
6
6
1
1
2

,1
6

1
0

5
9

7
23

5
4

3
3

9
4
7

-

2

2
2

3
3

2
1
1

2
1
1
2
1
9
2
1

XXX

3

-

-

36

XXX

33

14

XXX

1

-

-

26

XXX

XXX

31

20
1
2
1
8
2
1

3

1
1
1
0

-

-

XXX

XXX

46

A ll
schedules

40

94

40

XXX

FOR. OTH ER INEXI’ ERIENCED CL iE RICAL WORI£ERS

FOR INE XPERIENC ED TYPISTS
E stablishm ents having a sp ecified m in im u m __________

B a se d on standard w eekly hours 2 of—

A ll
industries

XXX

Noninanuf ac tur ing

M anufacturing

1

1
1

49

2
3
8
6
14
7

3
4

2

41

2
3
8
5
1
1
4
2
4
2

-

-

-

-

XXX

26

XXX

XXX

19

XXX

XXX

XXX

1 L ow est sala ry rate fo rm a lly established fo r hiring in experien ced w ork ers fo r typing or other c le r ic a l jo b s .
2 Hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re c e iv e their regu la r stra igh t-tim e s a la rie s . Data a re presented fo r all workweeks com b in ed , and fo r the m o st com m on w orkw eek.




O ccupational Wage S urvey, D en ver, C o lo . , D e ce m b e r 1954
U. S. D E P A RTM EN T OF LA BO R
B ureau o f L a b or S tatistics

11

T a b le B-3: F r e q u e n c y of W a g e P a y m e n t
PERCENT OF OFFICE W ORKERS EM PLOYED IN—

F req u en cy o f paym ent

All
,
industries

A ll w o rk e rs _____________________________________

W eekly __________________________________________
B iw e e k ly ---- ------------------------------------------------------S e m im o n th ly _____________________________ ____
Monthly _________________________________________

35
40
A

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

10
0

10
0

1
00

100

22

30
29
39
A

9
76
15

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EM PLOYED IN—
All
industries

2

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

100

100

100

100

6
1

68

72

13
19

47
28
24

82

25
14

Finance

8
2
0

Retail trade

5

13

Includes data fo r w h olesa le trad e; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown separately.
Includes data fo r w h olesa le tra d e, re a l estate, and s e rv ice s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sepa ra tely.
A L e s s than 2. 5 p ercen t.
* T ra n sp ortation (exclu din g ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public utilities.

Table B-4: Schedqled Weekly Hours
1

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EM PLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EM PLOYED IN—

W eekly hours

All
2
industries

A ll w o rk e rs _____________________________________

J71 l
*
3/

h o u r s n r lofts

O ver 3 7 * / a i
4 0 hours

and

47, h o u r s
44 hours

O ver 4 4 and under
hours
O ver 4 8 hours
48

_ _
_

.

..

under 4 0 hours
_ __.
.. ..
______________ _____________ ___
... _

...

. . .

100
8
6
80

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities *

Retail trade

1
00

100

100

5
89

_
91

A

A

A
19
72

A

4
48

hours -------------__
_ ___ __

5

5

4

A
A

A

A

A
A

_
_

_
_

Finance

All
3
industries

100
3

68
8

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

6

_

85

_

3
3

A

A

4
3

1
2

_
_

49
27

_

A
19
3

67

8
6
2
0

_

1 Data relate to w om en w ork ers only.
* Includes data f o r w h olesa le trad e; fin a n ce, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown separately.
3 Includes data fo r w h olesa le tra d e, re a l estate, and s e rv ice s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown separately.
A L e s s than 2. 5 p ercen t.
* T ra n sp ortation (exclu din g r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public utilities.
Occupational Wage Survey, D enver, C o lo . , D ecem b er 1954
U. S. DEPARTM EN T OF LABOR
Bureau o f L abor Statistics




12

T a b le B-5: P a id H o lid a y P ro v isio n s 1
PERCEN T

O F O F F IC E

W ORKERS EM PLOYED

IN —

PERCEN T

OF PLAN T

W ORKERS

EM PLOYED

IN —

Item
A ll
2
in d u s tr ie s ^

A ll w ork ers

-------------------------------------------------- ----------

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic .
u tilitie s *

R e ta il tra d e

F in a n c e

A ll
,
in d u s tr ie s ■
*

M a n u fa c t u r in g

Public
utilities

*

R e ta il tra d e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
A
50
36
11

100
84
9
7

100
18
43
39

99
A
93
4
-

87
A
68
10
9

91
72
9
10

92
31
31
29

89
A
87
-

_

_

_

N u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g p a id
h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------- — ----------------5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s ---------------------------- —-----------------------—--------7 d a y s ------------- ----------------------------------------------------8 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------- —----10 d a ys ----------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g n o p a id
h o l i d a y s -------------------- --------------- -----------------------------

A

_

-

_

_

A

-

-

A

13

9

8

11

26
20
3

43
27
11

19
17
-

31
24
6

25
11
11

40
13
26

26
22
-

7
7
-

A
A

A
5

A
-

-

A
A

A
-

5
-

-

8

5

6

31

27

5

18

74

66
A

50
A

75
-

37
-

34
A

43
3

48
-

8
-

98
98

98
98
-

100
99

95
95
-

84
82

87
86

A

A

92
87
-

82
80
-

-

A
-

-

A

-

A

-

-

A

-

-

-

-

A

A

-

5

A
A

-

-

4
-

A
A

3

-

A

A
86
68
12

94
86
3

92
85
7

79

55

83
39
28

90
74

16

6
-

6

4
-

-

8
-

15
"
"

9

-

-

-

18
A

12
A

6
-

7

7

6
3

A

9

P r o v i s io n s f o r h o lid a y s o c c u r r i n g
on n o n w o r k d a y s 4
W ith p r o v i s io n s f o r h o lid a y s fa llin g on
S a t u r d a y ------------------------------------------------------------------A n o th e r day o f f w ith p a y ---------------------------------E x tr a d a y 's p a y ------------------------------------------------O p tion o f a n o th e r d a y o ff o r e x t r a
d a y 's p a y ----------------------------------- ----------------------P r o v i s io n s d iff e r f o r v a r io u s h o l i d a y s --------O th er p r o v i s io n s ----------------------------------------------S a tu rd a y is a s c h e d u le d w o r k d a y f o r a ll
w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------N o p r o v i s io n s (or no p a y ) f o r h o lid a y s
fa llin g on S a t u r d a y ------------------------------------------------In fo r m a t io n not a v a i l a b l e --------------------------------------W ith p r o v i s io n s f o r h o lid a y s fa llin g on
S u n d a y --------------------- -------------- —-------------------- ———A n o th e r day o f f w ith p a y ---------------------------------E x tr a d a y 's p a y -------------------------------------------------O p tion o f a n o th e r d a y o f f o r e x tr a
d a y ’ s p a y ---------------------------------------------------------P r o v i s io n s d i ff e r f o r v a r io u s h o l id a y s ------- —
O th er p r o v i s io n s ----------------------------------------------S un day is a s c h e d u le d w o r k d a y f o r a ll
w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------N o p r o v i s io n (o r no p a y ) f o r h o lid a y s
fa llin g on Sunday -------------------------------------------------In fo r m a t io n not a v a i l a b l e --------------------------------------W ith p r o v i s io n s f o r h o lid a y s fa llin g
d u r in g v a c a t io n --------------------------------------------------A n o th e r d a y o f f w ith p a y ---------------------------------E x tr a d a y 's p a y ---------------------------- --------------------O p tion o f a n o th e r d a y o ff o r e x tr a
d a y 's p a y --------------------- ------ ----------------------- -----P r o v i s io n s d i ff e r f o r v a r io u s h o l i d a y s --------O th er p r o v i s i o n s ------------- —------------------------------N o p r o v i s io n (o r no p a y ) f o r h o lid a y s
f a llin g d u rin g v a c a t i o n -------------- ------------- ----------I n fo rm a tio n not a v a i l a b l e -------------- ---------- -------------

-

A

81
70

5

-

-

A

5

7

-

-

79

73
7

1 E s t im a t e s in c lu d e o n ly f u ll - d a y h o lid a y s p r o v id e d a n n u a lly .
2 In clu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a te ly .
4 L im it e d to p r o v i s io n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g a f o r m a l p o l i c y a p p ly in g w h e n h o lid a y s o c c u r on n o n w o r k da ys; s o m e o f the e s t im a t e s w o u ld b e s lig h t ly h ig h e r if p r a c t ic e s d e t e r m in e d in fo r m a l l y
a s the s itu a tio n o c c u r s w e r e in c lu d e d .
A
s
5
cen
O c c u p a t io n a l W age S u r v e y , D e n v e r , C o lo . , D e c e m b e r 1954
 L e a s sthant a2t.io np e rx c lutd. in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
* T r n por
(e
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

13

T a b le B-6

P a id V a c a t io n s

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
V a c a tio n p o l i c y

A ll w o rk e rs

------ —-----------------------— --------——--------—

All
industries1

100

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Finance

All 2
industries

10
0

10
0

1
00

100

10
0

100
100

99
99

99
96
4

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

98
96
A

M ETHOD OF P A Y M E N T
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
p r o v id in g p a id v a c a t i o n s ------ -------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ---------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
p r o v id in g n o p a id v a c a t i o n s -------------------------------

99
99
A

97
3

-

-

93
7

A

-

-

A

A

-

-

A

39
_
59
A
A
-

30
.
65
4
A
-

50

71
-

80
A

50
.

29

85
3
13

71
29

79

-

-

13
A
80
3
4
-

14
A
78
4
A
-

A
98
.
.
-

5
-

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k ---------------------------- -------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------ -----------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s —---------------------------------3 w e e k s —---------- ------------ --------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------

18

-

19

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

A

-

-

-

53
3
42
A
A

71
4
23
3
-

18
76
-

41
57
-

26
3
69
A
A

37
3
56
3
-

90
-

4
91
A
A
A

_
95
5
-

A fte r 2 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k — --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----- -------------------------------------------- ---------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s - - ---------------------------------3 w e e k s — ——--------------------------------------- ------------ ---------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------

20
66
14
-

6

A fte r 3 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k ---------------—------------------------------- ----------------------O v e r 1 and voider 2 w e e k s -------------------- ---------------2 w e e k s ------------------- ---------------- ----------------------------------

88

8
_
86

O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------- ----------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------

3
4
-

4
A
-

A
98
-

-

6
80
14
-

4

6

13
84
-

A fte r 5 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k — ---------------- ---------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s — -------------------------------------------------------------------

A
89

O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------- : -------------3 w e e k s -------- -— -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------

4
■

6

_

_

93
5
A
“

100
.

A
78
-

19
“

_

100
-

5
87
-

5
“

‘

See footnotes at end of tab le.
Occupational W age Survey, Denver, C olo. , D ecem ber 1954
* Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilities.
U .S . D E P A R TM E N T OF LABOR




Bureau of Labor Statistics

N O TE:

In the tabulations by years of se rv ice , paym ents other than "le n g t h -o f -t im e ", such as percent­
age of annual earnings or fla t-s u m paym ents, w ere converted to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; for
exam ple, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek 's pay.

14

Table B-6: Paid Vqcations - Continued
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N -

V acation p olicy

A ll w ork ers ______________________________ ______

All
.
industries1

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities *

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EM PLO YED IN—

Finance

All
2
industries

100

100

100

100

100

A
79
4
14

81
5
14

3 98

A
78

A

5

-

-

-

-

A

"

”

14

4
86
A
7
A
~

.

27

14

A
26

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

_

84
3
12

99

5
87

-

-

AMOUNT OF VACATION PA Y - Continued
A fter 10 yea rs o f s e rv ice
1 w e e k __________________________________________
2 weeks ________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ________ ________ ______
3 w e e k s , _____________________ ________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 weeks ____________________________
4 weeks and over _________________________________________

-

-

5

-

A
-

-

-

“

"

5
49

A fter 15 yea rs o f s e rv ice
1 week ________ ________________________________________________
2 weeks ______________________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ______________________ ___
3 w eeks _________________ _____ ___________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 weeks and o v e r _________________________________________

A
28
A
68

-

-

69

86

57

-

-

-

-

A

”

"

14

4
42
A
52
A
-

_

4

.

.

36
A
62

30
70

-

-

-

-

43
-

“

"

A fter 20 yea rs of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________________
2 weeks ______________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 weeks ____________________________
3 weeks ______________________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ____________________________
4 weeks and over _________________________________________

A
26
A
67
A

_

.

5

14

A
27

4

27

42

36

30

49

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

68
A

86

56

52
A

61
3

70

43

-

-

”

~

5
49

.

-

-

14

4
"

‘

4
41

_

14

A
27

_

27
4

36

30

-

-

-

-

-

-

56
-

86

33
-

70

26
-

14

13

43
A
10

51

-

A fter 25 yea rs of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
2 weeks ________________________________________
Over 2 and unde^ 3 weeks ____________________________
...... .
3 weeks
O ver 3 and under 4 weeks ____________________________
4 weeks and over __________________________ _____

A
23
A
61

-

38

1 In c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 I n c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 E s t im a t e s in the r e p o r t f o r D e c e m b e r 1953 w e r e i n c o r r e c t l y r e p o r t e d a s 61 p e r c e n t at 2 w e e k s an d 39 p e r c e n t at 3 w e e k s . A l l w e r e at 2 w e e k s .
A L e s s than 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




3

11

-

17

15

APPENDIX:

JOB

DESCRIPTIONS

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and
interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude work­
ing supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped workers, part-tim e,
temporary, and probationary workers.

Office

BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work in­
cidental to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows:
B iller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from custom ers' purchase orders, internally prepared
orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not Have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers'
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
m atically the debit or credit balances.
Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.



BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
Deter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or ac­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, performs one or more routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several workers.

16

CLERK,

FILE

Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system. Classifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this material.
May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
material in the files.
May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - Performs routine filing, usually of material that
has already been classified, or locates or assists in locating ma­
terial in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.
CLERK,

ORDER

Receives customers 1 orders for material or merchandise by
mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from
customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original
orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker*s name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May
make out pay checks and assist paymaster in making up and d istri­
buting pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a numerical key-punch machine, following
written information on records.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position.
Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
writer.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include transcribing-machine work (see transcribing-machine operator).

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER,

TECHNICAL

Prim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
performance of other duties.

Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-machine work.

DUPLICATING- MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwriting
matter, using a mimeograph or ditto machine.
Makes necessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto master.
May keep file of
used stencils or ditto masters. May sort, collate, and staple com­
pleted material.




Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take .m essages.
May give infor­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

17

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on forms or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine.
May file cards after they are tabulated.
May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR,

included.
A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing records and reports or sorting and distrib­
uting incoming mail.
C lass A - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; copy­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreignlanguage copy; combining material from several sources, or
planning layout of complicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
formity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form.
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circumstances.

GENERAL

Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine records.
May also
type from written copy and do simple clerical work.
Workers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DRAFTSMAN,

JUNIOR

(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May pre­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.
DRAFTSMAN,

LEADER

Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or pre­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during



Class B - Performs one or more of the following: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms,
insurance policies, etc. ; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

a nd

Technical

DRAFTSMAN,

LEADER - Continued

emergencies or as a regular assignment,
of a supervisory or administrative nature.

or perform related duties

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following;
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc. ,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions, materials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on
the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attendingto subsequent dressing of employees 1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

CARPENTER,

MAINTENANCE

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made of wood in an establishment.
Work involves most of
the following: Planning and laying out of work from bluep rint s, draw ings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting materials necessary for the work.
In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

ELECTRICIAN,

MAINTENANCE

Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers,
switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units,
conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician's handtools and measuring
and testing instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.



affecting the health, welfare,

and

TRACER
Copies
tracing cloth or
Uses T-square,
simple drawings

and

plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
compass, and other drafting tools.
May
prepare
and do simple lettering.

Powerplant

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, mo­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER,

TRADES, MAINTENANCE

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning work­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding ma­
terials or tools; performing other unskilled tasks as directed by jour­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade; In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers
on a full-time basis.

19

M ACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy:
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of m ach in ists handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment.
In general, the
m ach inists work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the m illwright^ work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, busses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.




Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishm ent.. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency.
In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

20

PIPEFITTER,

SH EET-M ETAL WORKER,

MAINTENANCE

and laying out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blue­
prints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-metal articles as required.
In general, the
work of the maintenence sheet-metal worker requires rounded training
and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment,,
Work involves most of the fol­
lowing; Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe
from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes
of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene
torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies;
bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard
shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe r e ­
quired; making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet
specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers
primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or
heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER,

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Diemaker; jig maker; toolmaker;

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves; Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber1s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.
MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, greese pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Planning

Custodial

and

fixture maker;

gauge maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gauges, jigs, fix ­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other m etal-forming work.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die m akerl s handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow­
ances; selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and processes.
In
general, the tool and die m ak e rs work requires a rounded training
in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a
formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MAINTENANCE

SH EET-M ETAL WORKER,

MAINTENANCE - Continued

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

GUARD

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER,

OR CLEA N ER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.
In­
cludes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of
employees and other persons entering.



Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working
areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house,
or commercial or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination

21

JANITOR,

PORTER,

OR C LE A N E R - Continued

of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors;
removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies
and minor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restrooms.
Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER,

MATERIAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of
the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchan­
dise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper
storage location; transporting materials or merchandise by handtruck,
car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER F IL L E R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from
stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips,
custom ers 1 orders, or other instructions.
May, in addition to filling
orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of out­
going orders, requisition additional stock, or report short supplies
to supervisor, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment.
Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C LE R K
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is re­
sponsible for incoming shipment of merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures, prac­
tices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and pre


SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK"- Continued
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments ‘ against bills of lading, invoices, or
other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods;
routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining
necessary records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows;
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
m aterials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, ware­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail estab­
lishments and customers* houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working order.
Driver-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows; (Tractor-trailer should be rated
on the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

light (under 1V2 tons)
medium (lVz to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)
WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1955 O - 334174




F o r the convenience of users
the following sales offices:

U. S. D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r
B u r e a u of L a b o r Statistics
341 Ninth A v e n u e
N e w Y o r k 1, N. Y.

of B L S

data

copies of bulletins m a y

U. S. D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r
B u r e a u of L a b o r Statistics
105 W e s t A d a m s Street
C h icago 3, III.

also

be p u r c h a s e d f r o m

U. S. D e p a r t m e n t of Labor,
B u r e a u of L a b o r Statistics
630 S a n s o m e Street
-S a n F r a n c i s c o 11, Calif.

Occupational w a g e surveys are being conducted in 17 m a j o r labor m a r k e t s during late 1954
a n d early 1955.
Bulletins for the following areas are n o w available a n d m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the Superintendent of D o c u m e n t s , G o v e r n m e n t Printing Office, W a s h i n g t o n 25, D. C. , or f r o m
a n y of the regional sales offices listed above.

Labor Market
Buffalo, N. Y.
Cleveland, Ohio
Dallas, Tex.
Philadelphia, Pa.
Minneapolis-St. Paul,
Minn.
D e n v e r , Colo.
San FranciscoOakland, Calif.
N e w a r k - J e r s e y City,
N . J,
M e m p h i s , Tenn.




Survey Period

B L S Bulletin
Number

S e p t e m b e r 1954
O c t ober 1954
S e p t e m b e r 1954
N o v e m b e r 1954

1172-1
1172-2
1172-3
1172-4

25
25
20
25

N o v e m b e r 1954
D e c e m b e r 1954

1172-5
1172-6

20 cents
25 cents

J a n u a r y 1955

1172-7

20 cents

D e c e m b e r 1954
F e b r u a r y 1955

1172-8
1172-9

20 cents
20 cents

Price
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102