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DALLAS, TEX.
SEPTEMBER 1954

BLS Bulletin No. 1172-3










CONTENTS
Page

INTRODUC T IO N _________________________________________________

1

TABLES:
A:

O ccu p ation al e a rn in g s * A - 1 O ffice o c c u p a t io n s ----------------------------------------------A - 2 P r o fe s s io n a l and te ch n ica l o ccu p a tio n s ----------A - 3 M aintenance and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t io n s ----------A -4
C u stod ial and m a te ria l m ov em en t
o c c u p a t io n s _____________________________________

B:

A P P E N D IX :

3
6
7
8

E stab lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en tary
wage p r o v is io n s B - 1 Shift d iffe r e n tia l p r o v is io n s * ---------------------------B -2
M inim um en tra n ce ra te s fo r w om en o ffic e
w o r k e r s __________________________________________
B - 3 F re q u e n cy o f wage p a y m e n t--------------------------------B -4 Scheduled w eek ly h o u rs * ----------------------------------B -5 P aid h olid a y p r o v is io n s * -----------------------------------B -6 P a id v a ca tio n s * __________________________________

10

12
12
13
14

Job d e s c r ip t io n s _____________________

16

* N OTE: S im ila r ta bu lation s (a ls o c o v e r in g health, in s u ra n ce ,
and p e n sio n p la n s) a r e a v a ila b le in the D a lla s a re a r e p o r ts
fo r June 1951, A ugust 1952, and S ep tem b er 1953.
The 1953
r e p o r t a ls o p ro v id e s tabu lation s o f w age stru ctu re c h a r a c t e r is t ic s ,
la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n ts , and o v e rtim e pay p r o v is io n s . A
d ir e c t o r y in dicatin g date o f study and the p r ic e o f the r e p o r t s , as
w e ll a s re p o r ts fo r oth er m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon re q u e st.
A cu rre n t r e p o r t on o ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and su p p lem en tary
w age p r a c t ic e s is a ls o a v a ila b le fo r the m a ch in e ry in d u strie s
in the D a lla s a re a (O cto b e r 1954).
Union s c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f
p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re a v a ila b le fo r the fo llo w in g tra d e s o r
in d u strie s: B uilding co n s tr u ctio n , p rin tin g , lo c a l tra n sit op era tin g
e m p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u ck d r iv e r s .
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

Price 20 cents




OCCUPATIONAL

WAGE

SURVEY

Introduction
The D alla s a re a is one o f sev era l im portant industrial
ce n te rs in w hich the B ureau of L abor Sta tistics has conducted
su rv ey s of occu p a tion a l earn in gs and related wage ben efits on an
a re a -w id e b a s is .
In ea ch a re a , data are obtained by p erson a l
v is its o f B ureau fie ld agents to represen tative establishm ents
within six b ro a d in du stry d iv isio n s: M anufacturing; tra n sp orta ­
tion (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u n ication , and other pu blic u til­
itie s ; w h olesa le tra d e; r e ta il trade; finance, insu ran ce, and rea l
estate; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r industry groups excluded fr o m these
studies a re govern m en t institutions and the con stru ction and e x ­
tra ctiv e in d u strie s.
E stab lish m en ts having few er than a p r e ­
s c r ib e d num ber o f w o r k e rs w ere a lso om itted since they furnish
in su fficien t em ploym en t in the occupations studied to w arrant
in clu sio n . * W h erev er p o s s ib le , separate tabulations are p r o ­
1
vided fo r the individual b ro a d industry d iv ision s.
T h ese su rv ey s a re conducted on a sam ple b a sis becau se
of the u n n e ce ssa ry c o s t in volved in surveying all establish m en ts,
and to en su re p rom p t p u b lica tion of re su lts.
T o obtain a p p ro­
p riate a c c u r a c y at m in im u m co st, a g rea ter p rop ortion of la rg e
than of sm a ll e sta b lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data,
h ow ev er, a ll esta b lish m en ts a re given their appropriate w eight.
E stim a te s a re p re s e n te d th e re fo re as relating to all e sta b lish ­
m ents in the in du stry grouping and a rea , but not to those below
the m in im u m siz e s tu d ie d .2
O ccupation s and E arn in gs
O ccu pation al c la s s ific a tio n is based on a u n iform set of
jo b d e s c rip tio n s d esig n ed to take account of in terestablish m en t
v ariation in duties w ithin the same jo b (see Appendix fo r listing
o f these d e s c r ip tio n s ). E arnings data are presen ted fo r the f o l ­
low ing ty p es o f occu p a tio n s: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p ro fe s s io n a l
and te ch n ica l; (c ) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (d) custodial
and m a te ria l m ov em en t.
* T h is r e p o rt w as p re p a re d in the Bureau*s reg ion a l o ffice
in Atlanta, Ga. , by B e rn a rd J. F a h res under the d ire ctio n of
L ou is B . W oytych, R eg ion a l Wage and Industrial R elations A nalyst.
1 See follow in g table fo r m in im u m -siz e establishm ent c o v ­
e re d by study.
2 An ex ce p tio n is m ade in the tabulation o f m inim um en­
tra n ce ra tes fo r w om en o ffic e w o rk e rs which rela tes to p ro v isio n s
in estab lish m en ts a ctu ally studied.



( 1)

DALLAS,

TEX. *

Data a re shown fo r fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs, i . e . those hired
to w ork a fu ll-tim e schedule fo r the given occupational c la s s ifi­
cation.
E arnings data exclude p rem iu m pay fo r overtim e and
nightw ork.
N onproduction bonuses a re a lso excluded, but c o s to f-liv in g bonuses and incentive earnings are included.
Where
w eek ly hours a re rep orted , as fo r o ffice c le r ic a l occupations,
r e fe r e n c e is to the w ork sch ed ules (rounded to the n earest halfhour) fo r w hich stra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s are paid; average w eekly
earnings fo r these occu pation s have been rounded to the n earest
50 cen ts.
O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes r e fe r to the total in
a ll estab lish m en ts within the scop e of the study and not to the
num ber actually su rveyed. B ecau se of d iffe re n ce s in occupational
stru ctu re am ong estab lish m en ts, the estim ates of occupational
em ploym ent obtained fr o m the sam ple of establishm ents studied
serv e only to indicate the rela tiv e im p ortan ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in occu pation al structure do not m ateria lly
a ffe ct the a cc u r a c y o f the earnings data.
E stablish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary
Wage P r o v is io n s
Inform ation is a lso p resen ted on se le cte d establishm ent
p r a c tic e s and supplem entary b en efits as they relate to o ffice and
plant w o r k e rs .
The te rm , '‘o ffice w o r k e r s ", as used in this
bulletin in cludes a ll o ffice c le r ic a l em p loy ees and exclu d es ad­
m in istra tiv e, execu tive, p ro fe s s io n a l, and tech n ica l p erson n el.
"P la n t w o r k e r s " include w orking fo re m e n and a ll n on su p ervisory
w o rk e rs (including leadm en and tra in e e s) engaged in n on office
fu n ction s. A d m in istra tiv e, ex ecu tiv e, p r o fe s s io n a l, and tech n ical
e m p lo y e e s, and fo r c e account con stru ction em p loy ees who are
u tilized as a separate w ork fo r c e are exclu d ed. C afeteria w ork ers
and routem en a re excluded in m anufacturing industries but are
included as plant w o rk e rs in nonm anufacturing in du stries.
S h ift-d ifferen tia l data a re lim ited to m anufacturing in ­
d u s trie s .
This in form ation is p resen ted both in term s of (a)
establish m en t p o l i c y 3 and (b) e ffectiv e p ro v is io n s fo r w ork ers

3
An establishm ent w as co n sid e re d as having a p o licy if it
m et either of the follow in g conditions:
( l ) O perated late shifts
at the tim e o f the su rvey, o r (2) had fo rm a l p ro v isio n s cov erin g
late sh ifts.

z
actu ally e m p loy ed on extra sh ifts at the tim e o f the su rv ey .
Tabulations relatin g to esta b lish m en t p o lic y a re p re s e n te d in
term s o f total plant w o rk e r em ploym en t; e stim a te s in the secon d
tabulation re la te only to th ose w o r k e r s a ctu a lly em p loy ed on the
s p e cifie d shift.
Supplem entary p r a c t ic e s , oth er than m inim um entrance
ra tes fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , and shift d iffe re n tia ls , are
treated s ta tis tica lly on the b a s is that th ese a re p ro v id e d to all
w o rk e rs e m p lo y e d in o ffic e s o r plant dep artm en ts that o b s e rv e
the p r a c t ic e in q u e s tio n .4 B e ca u se o f v aryin g e lig ib ility r e ­
4 Scheduled w eek ly h ou rs fo r o ffic e w o r k e rs (firs t section
o f table B -4 ) a re p re s e n te d in te r m s o f the p ro p o rtio n of w om en
o ffice w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o ffic e s with the in d icated w eek ly h ou rs
fo r w om en 'w o r k e r s .

q u irem en ts, the p ro p o rtio n a ctu a lly re c e iv in g the s p e c ific b en efits
m ay be sm a lle r.
M o r e o v e r , a p r a c t ic e w as c o n s id e r e d a s ap­
p lica b le to a ll o ffic e o r plant w o r k e r s in an esta b lish m en t if it
app lied to a m a jo rity o f such w o r k e r s .
B eca u se o f rounding,
sum s o f individual item s in th ese tabulations do not n e c e s s a r ily
equal tota ls.
The sum m ary of v a ca tion plans is lim ite d to fo r m a l
a rra n g em en ts, excluding in fo rm a l p lan s w h ereby tim e o ff with
pay is granted at the d is c r e tio n of the e m p lo y e r o r the su p e r­
v is o r .
Separate estim a tes a r e p ro v id e d a cc o r d in g to e m p lo y e r
p r a c tic e in com puting vacation p a y m en ts, such as tim e pay m en ts,
p e rce n t of annual earn in gs, o r fla t -s u m am ou n ts.
H ow ev er, in
the tabulations of vacation a llo w a n ce s by y e a r s of s e r v ic e , p a y ­
m ents not on a tim e b a s is w ere co n v e rte d ; fo r ex a m p le, a paym ent
o f two p e rcen t o f annual earn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d as the equivalent
o f one w eek1s pay.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d ie d in D a ll a s ,

In d u stry d iv is io n

M in im u m s i z e
e s t a b l is h m e n t
in s c o p e o f
stu d y 2

T e x . , 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , S e p t e m b e r 1954

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scop e of
s tu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

S t u d ie d

S tu d ie d
T o ta l 3

O ffic e

P la n t

T ota l 3

A l l d i v i s i o n s _____________________________________________________

51

685

171

1 4 9 ,4 0 0

3 2 ,9 0 0

9 0 ,1 0 0

8 5 ,3 6 0

M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
_ _ ........
... _
... ...............
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
c o m m u n ic a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4
W h o le s a le t r a d e
R e t a i l t r a d e ...
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ______ ______________
S e r v i c e s 7 .... . ___
„ ....................................

51
51

229
456

53
118

6 5 ,6 0 0
8 3 ,8 0 0

7 ,9 0 0
2 5 ,0 0 0

4 6 ,2 0 0
4 3 ,9 0 0

4 0 ,9 5 0
4 4 ,4 1 0

51
51
51
51
51

45
113
132
93
73

22
21
33
26
16

1 9 ,1 0 0
1 1 ,3 0 0
2 6 ,2 0 0
1 7 ,1 0 0
10, 100

1 0 ,8 0 0

3 , 100
1 1 ,8 0 0
(5 )

1 6 ,0 9 0
2 ,7 4 0
1 5 ,5 2 0
7 ,5 0 0
2 ,5 6 0

5 , 000

(5)
*

( 5)
2 0 ,3 0 0
6
1 ,2 0 0

( 5)

1
T h e D a lla s M e t r o p o li t a n A r e a ( D a l l a s C o u n t y ). T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n o n t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d
c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t i n d i c e s t o m e a s u r e e m ­
p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b ­
l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m s i z e l im i t a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e ,
au to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , an d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s o n e e s t a b l is h m e n t .
3 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , t e c h n i c a l , p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
4 A l s o e x c l u d e s t a x i c a b s , and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n i n c lu d e d in e a r l i e r s t u d i e s .
5 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a lt h o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t to j u s t i f y s e p ­
a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta .
6 E s t i m a t e r e l a t e s to r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s o n l y .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; r a d i o b r o a d c a s t i n g a n d t e l e v i s i o n ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g i ­
n e e r in g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A: Occupatipnal Earnings
Table A-l: Office Occupations
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu died on an a r e a b a s is
in D a lla s , T e x . , by in d u stry d iv is io n , S e p te m b e r 1954)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME 1 WEEKLY EARN][NG8 OF-

A verage

S ex , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

N umber
of
workers

$

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

$

$

Weekly
U n d e r 30. 00 3 2 . 50
earnings
(Standard) $
3 0 . 00 u n d e r
3 ? . e;n 3 5 . 0 0

$

$

$

$

35. 00

3 7 . 50

4 0 . 00

4 2 .5 0

4 5 . 00

S
$
S
S
$
*
S
*
s
s
$
$
S
f
4 7 . 50 5 0 . 00 5 2 . 5 0 5 5 . 00 5 7 . 50 6 0 . 00 6 5 . 0 0 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .00

3 7 .5 0

4 0 . 00

4 2 .5 0

4 5 . 00

4 7 . 50

5 0 . 00

and
5 2 .5 0

5 5. 00

57. 50

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5. 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 00 .00

over

M en
C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A
M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________
P u b lic u tilit ie s * _______
F in a n ce ** ______________

654
209
445
158
86

40. 0
39.5
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

$
7 9 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
7 5.5 0
7 7.0 0
6 4. 50
6 3 . 00
6 7.5 0
5 8 .0 0
5 6 . 00
5 8 .0 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s B _
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________
P u b lic u tilit ie s * ______
F in a n ce * * ______________

294
14 5
14 9
65
35

39.5
39.5
4 0.0
40. 0
40. 0

C l e r k s , o r d e r ________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _

247
42
205

4 0.0
3 9.5
40. 0

6 4.0 0
6 9.5 0
6 2 .5 0

C le r k s , p a y r o l l ______
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _

78
36
42

39. 5
3 9.5
40. 0

7 2 .0 0
74. 50
7 0 . 00

O ffic e b o y s ______________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _
_
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * .
F in a n ce ** _______

198
38
160
29
94

3 9.5
40. 0
3 9.5
40. 0
39. 5

4 1 .0 0
4 2 .0 0
4 1 . 00
4 3 .0 0
4 0 . 00

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .
M a n u fa c tu r in g ________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___________
P u b lic u tilit ie s * _________
F in a n ce ** ________________

198
66
13 2
42
87

40. 0
4 0.0
40. 0
40. 0
39.5

6 6 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
6 3 .5 0
6 6.5 0
6 2 .0 0

12

3

6

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

3

6

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

3

6

3

_

_

5

1

4

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

8
2
6

-

15
1
14
13
1

16

_

4
4

13
4

-

1
1

-

37
25
12
8
4

12

10
7
3

7
2
5

35
-

21

35

21

2

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

12

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

28

-

32
5
27
2

-

-

2
26
10
4

-

16
11
2
26
10
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

6

24

13
4

24
2
22
6
14

38
12
26
2
23

35
6
29
5
14

11
4
7
2
5

15
5
10
4
3

15
2
13
1
11

8

5

5

2

-

-

-

-

8

5
1

5
1

2
2

-

-

-

-

24
3
14

9

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

6

3

_

10

9

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

■

3

6

3
2
1

-

9
4
5

24
4
20

-

-

-

6

2
4

-

“

10
1
8

67
1
66
32
20

70
22
48
31
5

101
41
60
19
5

77
14
63
20
9

63
22
41
22
5

66
29
37
14
1

31
6
25
10
10

82
55
27
3
9

35
32
3
1

11
11

4
4

■ 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

66
-

13
5
8

7
-

9
9

9

7

-

9

5
3
2

16
2
14

7
3
4

11
2
9

6
5
1

2
-

-

2

1
1

-

_

66

2
3

27
13
14
4

*46
17

63

-

-

4
4

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

4
4

-

_
-

-

4

-

_

6
6

24

6
3
3

28

2
2

1
1

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

*

56
14
42
14
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
6
22
10
11

38
14
24
3
21

27
16
11
11

25
17
8
5
3

19
10
9
2
6

6
3
3
3

_

14
14

'

j

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~
'

'

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) .
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________________
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e ) _______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________
R e ta il t r a d e _______________

189
33
1 56

87
73

39.5
39. 0
40. 0

5 0 . 00
5 6 . 00
4 9 . 00

49

40. 5
41. 0
41. 0

5 0 .5 0
5 0 . 00
4 8 . 00

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s A _____________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________
R e ta il t r a d e __________________

194
25
16 9
27

40. 0
3 9.5
40. 0
41. 0

5 7 .0 0
5 9 .5 0
5 7 . 00
5 6 . 00

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B _____________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________
R e ta il t r a d e __________________
F in a n ce ** ___________________

514
63
451
79
257

40.
40.
40.
40.
40.

4 8 . 00
5 5 . 00
4 7 .0 0
4 8 . 50
4 6 .5 0

5
0
5
5
0

29
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

29

13
7
6

29

24

5

-

-

-

29

24

5

21
1
20

5
-

5

12
8
4

2
2
2

11
11
4

9
4
3

28
25
17

14
13
13

2

13

~

-

22
2

19

~

25
3
22
15

22

2

19
3
16

63
1
62
14
41

139
8
1 31
16
68

74
4
70
17
44

56
12
44
3
28

34
13
21

4
4

-

-

8

4

-

1
1
1

2
2
2

6
6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

29
3
24

-

"

29

56
1
55
9
26

-

11

4

1
1
1

-

11

-

13

-

24
16
8

13

2

-

-

13

1
1

2

1
-

-

2

-

5
3

3
3

“

■

~

“

23
4

32
2
30
2

28

14
1
13

10
3
7

"

“

19
3
16
7
5

31
12
19
10

-

-

9
19
8

-

-

■

.

-

-

-

_

.

_

.

-

-

-

-

“

■

~

■

-

“

6
6

-

-

-

.

_

_

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

■

“

_

_

_

_

.

..

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

_

9

'

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
** F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




O ccu p a tion a l W age S u rv e y , D a lla s , T e x . , S ep tem b er 1954
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tics

Table A-l: O ffice O ccupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s 1 fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
in D a lla s , T e x . , by in d u stry d iv is io n , S e p te m b e r 1954)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Number
of
workers

3 7 .5 0

$
4 0 . 00

$
4 2 .5 0

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
Under
earnings
(Standard) $

S
s
S
$
*
*
4 5 . 0 0 4 7 . 5 0 5 0 . 00 5 2 . 50 5 5 . 00 5 7 . 5 0

4 0 . 00

4 2.5 0

4 5.0 0

4 7 , 50

s
3 2 .5 0

$
35. 00

$

^

Sex, occu p a tion , and in d u stry d iv is io n

*
30. 00
and

3 5 .0 0

3 7 .5 0

5

50. 00

5 2.5 0

5 5 .0 0

5 7 . 50

6 0 .0 0

S
1
6 0 . 00 6 5 . 0 0

s
K
S
S
7 0 . 00 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 0 0

s
S
S
9 5 . 00 1 0 0 . 0 0
9 0 . 00
and

6 5 . 00

7 5. 00

9 5 . 0 ( 1 ,1QIL 0 0

7 0.0 0

8 0 . 00

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

W om en - C on tinued

14 2

40. 0
3 9.5
40. 5
42. 0
40. 0

$
6 2 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
60. 50
6 0. 00
4 7 .0 0

C le r k s , a ccou n tin g , c la s s B ___
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________
P u b lic u t ilitie s * _________
R e ta il t r a d e _______________
F in a n c' ** ________________

829
265
564
171
68
126

40.
40.
40.
40.
40.
40.

5
0
5
0
5
0

5 3 .0 0
5 6. 00
5 2 .0 0
5 9. 00
4 3 . 00
4 5 . 00

C le r k s , file , c la s s A ___________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________
F in an ce ** ________________

349
288
254

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

4 9 .5 0
4 7 .5 0
4 7 .5 0

C le r k s , file , c la s s B ___________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________
P u b lic u t ilitie s * _________
R eta il t r a d e _______________
F in an ce ** ________________

938
31
907
91
57
624

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
4 0.0
40. 0
40. 0

3 9.5 0
4 9.5 0
3 9 .0 0
4 4 . 50
38. 00
38. 00

C le r k s , o r d e r ____________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________
R eta il t r a d e ________________

232
59
17 3
66

39. 0
38. 0
3 9.5
3 8.5

4 9 .5 0
5 7.5 0
4 7 . 00
4 1 . 00

-

2
2

-

2

10
10

C le r k s , p a y r o l l __________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________
R eta il t r a d e _______________
F in a n ce ** ________________

511
15 4
357
49
70

40. 0
3 9.5
40. 0
3 9.5
40. 0

57. 00
5 6 .5 0
5 7. 50
5 5. 00
6 0.5 0

.
-

_

_

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________
R e ta il t r a d e _______________
F in a n ce ** ________________

652
504
204
53

4 0.0
3 9 .5
3 9.5
40. 0

55. 50
5 3 .5 0
5 2 . 00
5 1 .5 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

D u p lica tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s .
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________

59
27

40. 0
40. 0

5 0. 00
4 7 .5 0

_

_

_

_

K e y -p u n ch o p e r a t o r s ___________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________
P u b lic u t ilitie s * _________
F in a n ce ** ________________

490
89
401
10 4

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

51.
59.
49.
55.
46.

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
3 9.5

4 0 .5 0
50. 00
3 9 . 00
4 0. 50
38. 50

C le r k s , a ccou n tin g , c la s s A __
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________
R eta il t r a d e _______________
F in a n ce ** ________________

472
11 3

O ffic e g ir ls ______________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________
P u b lic u tilit ie s * _________
F in a n ce ** ________________

359
61

249
284
37
247
40
153

"

00
00
00
00
50

-

-

-

-

32
-

41
-

25
-

12
-

9
-

15
-

-

-

-

-

-

32
-

41
-

25
-

12
-

9
6
3

15
7
8
39
16
23
7
4

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

18
-

3
-

15
-

4

18
-

3
-

12
6

3
-

15
2
3
10

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

87

1 17

180
2
178
10

-

4
-

-

_

-

-

-

87

117
4
15

10
67

2

96

147

10

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

57
27
30

86
28
58
41
-

119
43
76
55
1
5

10
2
8
-

4
4

32
5
27
11

56
34
22
-

47
12
35
2

52
12
40
-

10
10
-

-

-

-

3
3
-

1
1

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

-

_

_

2

32

41

23

12

59
9
50
8
8
28

40
20
20
2
2
12

65
15
50
-

62
9
53
11
1

95
43
52
8
8
8

6

9
10
1

3

101
40
61
26
3
6

"

-

-

-

"

-

-

46
46
44

28
28

49
46
42

51
48
44

24
23
23

36
34
31

29
20
14

10
5
5

26
25
25

43
8
7

-

6
5

1

_
-

_
-

_

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

1 68

62

54
4
50
2
14
28

18
4
14

19
2

6

10

10

3

3

-

-

3

168
10
12
136

201
7
194
20
2
98

17
12

6
6

10
6

7
5

1
4

-

-

-

3
"

3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

19

13

52

-

22
2

16

-

15
10
5
1

27
16

12

1
-

16
3
13

3
3

11
2

11
9
2
-

"

_
-

_
-

_
-

62
17
45
5
1

38
13
25
1
1

47
21
26
7
11

59
15
44

78
10
68

12
8

20

24
20
4
1
1

25
3
22
2
8

66
60
26

69
47

37
25
17
1

108
56
24
4

76
47
4

17

9

.

1

"

1
1

1
1

42
24
18
13
3

12
4
8
1
6

10
8

2
2
-

7
7

-

-

19
13

19

13
13
38
17

3
59
13

1
45

11
11
9
4

-

2
13

2

3
3

2

50
9

20
2

14
3

47
12
35
5
7

37
14
23
1
3

43
11
32
8

112
97

13

-

1
1

21
4

4
1

1

-

~

-

5
5
3

3

16
16
7
6

21
21
11
1

68
68
26

3

52
50
27
7

19

19
4

2

7
7

12
4

10

7

-

7
5

-

-

48

39

75
10
65
14
36

52
4
48
20

31
10
21
10

22

9

-

6
4

_
-

1

3

-

9

39
8

-

-

-

-

_

3

15

11

14

35

-

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

11

14

35

48

-

-

-

-

2

3

15

11

14

35

36

39
8
27

61
9
52
14
32

16
1
15
1
8

18

90

22

19

4

-

2

90
8
63

11
11

2

18
6
11

6

17

2
2

7

7
9

14
7
7
1

8

-

56
1
55

24

2
4

2
4

3

1

8

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .
* T ra n sp o rta tio n (ex clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s
** F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




71
30
41
16

-

-

-

40
15
25
8
17

48
5
43
2
8
27

11
9

_

28
3
25
11
6

43

24

3

2
2

39
19
20
18

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

_
-

-

1

5

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

5

-

-

_

2

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1

.

_

_

_

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

Table A-l: Office O ccupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s 1 fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
in D a lla s , T e x . , by in d u stry d iv is io n , S e p te m b e r 1954)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME! WEEKLY EARN![NGS OF-

Average
S ex, o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

%

l

8
8
1
S
8
$
t
1
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
W
eekly U nder 30. 00 32. 50 35. 00 3 7 .5 0 40. 00 42. 50 45. 00 4 7 .5 0 50. 00 52. 50 55. 00 57. 50 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00
W
eekly
earnings
and
hours
and
(Standard) (Standard) t o . 00 under
.Y Z
32. 50 35. 00 3 7 .5 0 40. 00 4 2 .5 0 4 5 .0 0 47. 50 50. 00 5 2 .5 0 5 5 .0 0 57. 50 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 8 5 .0 0 9-0,-0D- 95. 00 i o a o o .. .Q ..S —

W om en - C on tin u ed
S e c r e t a r ie s __________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e ___________________________
F in a n ce ** ____________________________

1. 377
349
1, 028
167
130
444

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5

$
6 7 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
66. 50
69. 50
6 5 .5 0
68. 50

S te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l _________ __________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _____________________
R e ta il t r a d e ___________________________
F in a n ce **
. .
___ .

1. 853
698.
1, 155
382
103
316

40.
40.
40.
40.
40.
40.

58.
63.
55.
55.
51.
53.

..... .................
S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s
M a n u fa ctu rin g
.
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
_
....
R e ta il t r a d e ___________________________
F in a n ce * *
. ..
... _

334
54
280
33
64
72

4 1 .5
40. 0
42. 0
40. 0
40. 0
39. 5

48. 50
58. 50
4 6 .5 0
5 2 .0 0
42. 00
54. 00

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s
M a n u fa ctu rin g . . .
.....
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
_
P u b lic u tilit ie s * _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e ___________________________
F in a n ce ** ____________________________

351
114
237
30
42
57

40. 0
3 9 .5
40. 5
40. 0
42. 0
40. 0

50.
50.
50.
52.
46.
49.

83
59
31

40. 0
40. 0
39 .5

6 2 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l _____________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
. .............. . .
F in a n ce * * ___________________________ _

377
350
276

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

4 9 .5 0
4 9 .5 0
49. 00

T y p is t s , c la s s A
......... _ ___ _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s *
___________________
F in a n ce ** .
..... _

838
760
110
390

40.
40.
40.
40 .

50. 50
4 9 .0 0
52. 00
48. 50

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
N on m an u factu rin g . ..... _ ._
F in a n ce **
_r
...

.

...

T y p is t s , c la s s B
..........................
M a n u fa ctu rin g ..
. ... .....
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ...
P u b lic u tilit ie s * _ _____
_
R e ta il t r a d e ___________________________
F in a n ce ** _

1, 637
442
1, 195
105
141
701

40.
40.
40.
40.
41.
40.

0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

00
00
00
00
50
50

00
50
00
00
00
50

4 5 .0 0
52. 00
42. 50
44. 50
44. 50
41. 00

.

_

_

-

“

3
3
3

-

_
-

20
20
20

38
38
19
15
4

-

-

30
30
12
-

9
1
8
8
-

_
-

3
3
-

7
7
-

-

-

-

3

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

_

18
18
8

101
23
78
8
10
11

30
7
23
3
4
-

96
23
73
12
11
12

94
22
72
8
14
35

253
74
179
28
30
87

260
52
208
31
22
123

157
35
122
17
8
48

161
50
111
32
9
52

111
34
77
23
7
45

19
7
12
1
1
3

37
11
26
9
10

12
7
5
4
1
-

11
4
7
4

51
1
50
3
9
7

i02
21
81
22
8
7

97
23
74
29
8
30

101
21
80
37
7
17

165
40
125
31
8
40

151
25
126
56
5
40

148
21
127
48
9
43

155
54
101
33
3
45

372
196
176
48
25
54

219
121
98
49
6
9

175
131
44
5
-

33
26
7
2
"

25
17
8
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

35
35
9
-

39
39
2
5
1

16
4
12
2
8
2

27
27
5
1
13

24
6
18
2
8
5

56
3
53
5
9
20

21
2
19
8
4
5

17
6
11
4
7

14
3
11
2
9

25
18
7
3
2

16
6
10
8

4
4
-

1
1
-

.
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

5
5
-

17
2
15
2
2
11

3
3
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

.
_

_

-

-

31
9
22
6

-

_

_

_

8
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

1
4

-

5

19
4
15
9
3
"

27
12
15

-

82
32
50
8
10

20
20
5

“■

61
20
41
3
8
-

14
14
-

-

27
2
25
5
12
8

35
9
26

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

26
22
14

19
13
8

7
3
2

-

_

_

-

7
2
1

-

-

4
2
-

_

-

6
6
6

1
1

-

2
2
-

1

-

8
8
-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
8

8
8
8

18
18
18

33
26
26

36
36
25

40
31
25

27
25
11

63
61
52

47
43
40

32
30
20

30
30
28

23
23
9

6
6
1

1

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

5
5
5

9
9
2
-

-

3
3
3

1
1
1
-

-

-

_

97
97

95
95
20
70

151
151
11
81

106
106
14
71

97
95
11
49

73
72
24
43

50
48
14
21

34
34
4
12

89
33
8
16

23
10
4
“

4

1
1
1 '
-

-

3
3

-

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

8

16

_

30

-

1
19

-

30

-

83

-

-

83
-

-

I

6
72

99
-

99
7
9
61

173
3
170
2
7
154

358
40
318
36
27
178

237
65
172
22
23
88

168
42
126
18
16
67

106
37
69
6
13
26

104
44
60
6
31
19

42
7
35
2
-

10

31
15
16
2
8
6

121
1 10
11
2

77
75
2
2

-

_

.

6
6

.

-

-

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

■

-

-

1

-

~

H o u r s r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u t e d a s f o llo w s : 11 at $ 100 to $ 105; 10 at $ 105 to $ 110; 14 at $ 110 to $ 120; 11 at $ 120 and o v e r .
3 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o llo w s : 3 at $ 100 to $ 105; 3 at $ 110 to $ 115.
*
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
** F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .

-

-

8
4
4

-

'




-

-

'

_

“

_

"

Table A-2: Professional apd Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in gs 1 fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s studied on an a re a b a s is
in D a lla s , T e x . , b y in d u stry d iv is io n , S e p tem ber 1954)
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF -

A verage

Sex, occu p a tion , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
Under 47. 50 50. 00 52. 50 55. 00 57. 50 60. 00 62. 50 65. 00 67. 50 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 105. 00 n o . oo 115. 00 120.00 125.00
and
$
and
47. 50 under 52. 50 5 5 .0 0 57. 50 60. 00 62. 50 65. 00 67. 50 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00 105. 00 110. 00 115. 00 120 .00 125. 00 o v e r
50. 00
$

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

$

$

$

$

$

Men

___

47

D ra ftsm en , s e n io r __ ____
____ _____ __
M anufacturing __ _ ______ _________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____ ______ ________
P u b lic u tilitie s * ___■
____ _
______

325
192
133
43

D ra ftsm en , l e a d e r ________ __________

D ra ftsm en , ju n io r _________ ___________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____ __________ ____
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________
P u blic u tilitie s * _ _____________ ____

184
137
47
27

4 1 .0

40.
40.
41.
40.

40.
40.
40.
40.

5
0
5
0

0
0
5
0

83.
80.
87.
67.

58.
58.
55.
50.

00
00
00
50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

“

00
15
50
6
50
9
50 3 9

8
5
3
3

23
19
4
4

17
11
6
6

8

4

7
-

-

-

7
7

8
8

4
1

27
16
11
5

4
4
~

45
39
6

8
2
6
6

15
15
-

10
1
9
5

11
7
4
4

15
9
6

'

'

11
11
-

"

6
5

4
1

59
52

7
3

2 10

2

5

2
2

15
1
14

-

18
3
15

-

'

'

'

"

_

_

-

-

1

? 0 3 .5 0

13

7

2

2

3

51
42
9
1

56
50
6
2

19
11
8
2

21
11
10
4

17
5
12

18
4
14

.
-

.
-

.

.

-

-

-

"

'

"

'

'

5
5

3
3

2

3
1
2

1
1
-

-

“

~

“

~

~

_
-

1
1

-

■

-

W om en

N u r s e s, in d u stria l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) --------------M anufacturin g — ----------------------------------

1
2
3
*

61
43

H ours r e fl e c t the w ork w e e k fo r w h ich
W o r k e r s w e re d is trib u te d as f o llo w s :
W o r k e r s w e re d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :
T r a n sp o rta tio n (ex clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) ,




40. 0
40. 0

70. 50
72. 00

1

1

7
4

7
7

2
1

4
3

5
3

7
6

8
4

1
1

e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th ese w eek ly h o u r s .
5 at $125 to $ 1 3 0 ; 2 at $13 5 to $ 1 4 0 ; 1 at $ 14 0 to $1 4 5 ; 2 at $ 1 6 0 to $ 1 6 5 .
2 at $ 4 2 . 50 to $ 4 5 ; 7 at $ 4 5 to $ 4 7 . 50.
c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
O cc u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , D a lla s , T e x . , S e p te m b e r 1954
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

Table A-3:

Maintenance apd Powerplant Occupations

(A v e ra g e h o u rly e a rn in gs 1 fo r m en in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
in D a lla s , T e x . , by in d u stry d iv is io n , S e p te m b e r 1954)
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S OF—
Average
hourly
earnings

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e _____________
M an u factu rin g _______________________
N on m an u factu rin g ___________________

$

1. 10

1. 15
Under and
$
under
1 . 10 1. 15 1 . 20

1 . 20

1. 25

1. 30

1. 35

1 .4 0

1. 45

1. 50

1 . 60

1. 65

1. 70

1. 75

1. 80

1. 85

1. 90

1.9 5

2 . 20

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

1. 25

1. 30

1. 35

1^40

1. 45

1. 50

1. 55

1. 60 j 1. 65

1. 70

1. 75

1. 80

1. 85

1 .9 0

1*
*.21

2 . 00

2. 30

2. 40

2. 50

and
2. 60 o v e r

$
1. 98

79
93

E le c t r ic ia n s , m a in ten a n ce ____________
M an u factu rin g _______________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _____________ _____

180
55

E n g in e e r s , sta tio n a r y _____ ____________
M an u factu rin g _______________________
N on m an u factu rin g ___________________

132
160

2. 60

14

~ . 06
2
1. 91

16

2 . 10
2 . 15

46
1. 88
1. 64

F ir e m e n , sta tio n a r y b o i le r ___________
M an u factu rin g _______________________

268

M a c h in is ts , m a in ten a n ce -------------------M an u factu rin g _______________________

116
91

M e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e (m a in te n a n ce )
M an u factu rin g _______________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________
P u b lic u t i li t ie s * -------------------------R e ta il trad e ----------------------------------

605
98
507
417
76

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

M e c h a n ic s , m a in ten a n ce ---------------------M an u factu rin g ----------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g -----------------------------

491
412
79

1. 94
1. 98
1. 71

O ile r s ___________________________________
M an u factu rin g -----------------------------------

79

1. 62
1. 63

P a in t e r s , m a in ten a n ce -------------- ------ --M an u factu rin g _______________________
N on m an u factu rin g ------------------- ---------

72
96

18

62

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m ain ten an ce _______
M an u factu rin g _______________________
N on m an u factu rin g ___________________

20

1. 89
2. 03
1. 78

1 . 66

169
99

1 .4 5
1. 43

80
80
81
85
56

1

39

33
25
8

96

39
140
124
16

60

~nr

“IT

P lu m b e r s , m a in ten a n ce ----------------------T o o l and die m a k e r s ----------------------------M an u factu rin g _______________________

1
2
3
4
*

E x clu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r
W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d
W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d
W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d
T r a n s p o r ta tio n (e x c lu d in g




o v e r t im e and n igh tw ork .
as f o llo w s : 17 at $2. 60 to $ 2 . 70; 3 at $2. 70 to $ 2 . 80;
as fo llo w s : 2 at $ 0 . 90 to $ 0 . 95; 6 at $ 1 .0 5 to $ 1 .1 0 .
as fo llo w s : 6 at $ 0 .9 0 to $ 0 .9 5 ; 5 at $1 to $ 1 .0 5 .
r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er public u t ilitie s .

130

1 at $ 2 . 80 to $ 2 . 90; 1 at $3 to $ 3 . 10.

O ccu p a tion a l W age S u r v e y , D a lla s , T ex . , S ep tem ber 1954
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R
B u rea u of L a b o r S ta tistics

8

Table A-4:

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in gs 1 f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s 2 studied on an a r e a b a s is
in D a lla s , T e x . , by in d u s try d iv is io n , S e p te m b e r 1954)
NUMBER OF WORK!:rs receiving1 STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

G uards ------------------------------------ -----------------M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________ ____________
F i n a n c e * * ------------------ ---------------------

317
238
79
61

J a n itors , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s (m en) --------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________
N on m anufacturing __------- -------------- -----P u blic u tilitie s * ___________________
R etail trad e ________________________
Financ e * * __________________________

Average
hourly
earnings

$
1
1
1
1

$
0. 90

$
0. 95

$
1. 00

$
1. 05

$
$
$
$
$
$
$•
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1. 10 1. 15 1. 20 1. 25 1. 30 1. 35 1. 40 1. 45 1. 50 1. 55 1. 60 1. 65 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10

. 95

1. 00

1. 05

1. 10

1. 15

1. 20

1. 25

1. 30

1. 35

1. 40

1. 45

1. 50

1. 55

1. 60

1. 65

1. 70

1. 80

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

-

-

■

6
6
6

2
2
2

*

7
7
7

12
7
5
5

53
27
26
8

2
2
2

7
7
-

14
11
3
3

4
1
3
3

7
7
“

5
1
4
4

25
5
20
20

“

47
46
1
1

83
83
■

24
24
"

-

19
19
“

35
32
3
3
-

59
53
6
-

123
123
-

“

-

"

49
49
■

-

“

83
83
~

2
2
-

9
9
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

“

1
1
I
“

“

■

99
73
26
23
-

97
67
30
30
-

111
47
64
64
-

167
26
141
138
-

86
80
6
-

20
20
-

112
112
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
"

7
7
■

1
1
-

2
2
1

46
46
-

$
$
$
s
U nder 0. 70 0. 75 0. 80 0. 85
and
$
0. 70
. 75
. 80
.9 0
. 85

and

63
72
36
39

"

“

"

-

2, 863
1, 141
1 ,7 2 2
365
475
380

1 06
1 30
90
1 18
84
84

290
290
3 65
“

71
3
68
_
50
"

417
29
388
5
100
255

137
16
121
8
72
22

90
7
83
6
50
12

96
31
65
37
14

145
39
106
38
13
30

205
82
123
9
33
20

113
26
87
48
10
3

120
60
60
28
5
■

320
285
35
15
10
2

220
93
127
106
10
11

72
26
46
12
17
6

55
32
23
7
2
5

83
6
77
66
1
■

30
17
13
13
-

13
13
-

"

_

37
36
1
1
"

J a n itors, p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s (w om en) ______________________
M anufacturin g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________________
P u blic u tilitie s * ----------------------------R etail trade ....................... .......... .........
F in an ce ** __________________________

536
110
426
101
178
105

79
1.,0 6
, 72
1. 04
. 62
68

229
229
4 151
5 38

14
14
14
“

71
7
64
10
4
48

16
16
2
3
11

34
20
14
6
8

8
6
2
2
-

28
2
2
-

4
4
-

24
1
23
23
-

1
1
-

-

-

3
3
-

■

~

"

“

-

-

"

17
3
14
14
~

8
4
4
4
-

"

65
22
43
43
■

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l handling ___________
M anufacturing _______ _______________
N on m an u factu rin g ____________________
P u b lic u tilitie s * ________ __________
R etail t r a d e _____ __________________

2, 821
1, 172
1 ,6 4 9
688
592

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

23
37
13
26
02

4
4
4

4
4
4

31
7
24
24

114
114
9
41

248
9
239
84
119

289
55
234
52
143

210
68
142
101
31

203
78
125
56
15

105
22
83
12
26

98
71
27
3
9

118
38
80
15
23

173
143
30
14
16

92
30
62
7
47

209
151
58
10
27

84
15
69
3
49

66
50
9
1

81
10
71
58
13

O rd er f il l e r s
----------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ............. ............................ .
N on m anufacturing ______ ____________
R etail t r a d e ............ ............... ................

890
259
631
177

1.
1.
1.
1.

27
53
16
35

-

"

“

-

66
7

17
17
“

28
3
25
■

44
7
37
10

106
106
22

111
6
105
8

69
69
8

57
7
50
7

23
7
16
-

11
5
6
6

23
15
8
-

17
14
3
3

63
20
43
40

35
13
22
22

89
32
57
43

60
59
1
1

33
33
-

38
38
~

P a c k e r s , shipping _______________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________
N on m anufacturing ____________________
R etail trade ________ ____ ___________

406
198
208
40

1. 23
1. 37
1. 10
99

5
5
5

14
14
“

10

"

10
10

'9
7
2
2

18
8
10
4

7
7
1

40
7
33
4

62
2
60
2

52
21
31
3

8
1
7
1

-

-

7
4
3
3

6
3
3
3

47
38
9
1

3
2
1
1

27
27

.
-

28
28
-

27
27
-

14
14
-

7
7
-

'

'

R e c e iv in g c le r k s _______________________
M anufacturin g _______________________
N onm anufacturing _______ ____ ________
R etail t r a d e ________________________

254
124
130
54

1.
1.
1.
1.

53
81
26
22

-

-

2
2

-

2
2
2

15
15
15

-

17
17
9

7
7
1

5
1
4
2

8
8
1

12
12
1

23
8
15
4

1
1
1

12
2
10
2

-

-

21
11
10
2

10
4
6

Shipping c le r k s ______ ___________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ............... ......................

234
130
104

1. 54
1.
1. 38

-

-

-

-

6
6

13
13

-

7
7

4
4

6
3
3

23
9
14

29
9
20

37
22
15

4
44

4
4

T
E

-

-

-

~

- 66
i---------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .
*
T ra n sp o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u tilitie s
** F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




26

"

16

2
2

'

over

"

~

"

13
7
6
5

5
5
5

26
21
5
3

26
23
3

26
5
21

-

27
25
2

10
10

-

-

~

1
1
-

'
29
29

7
5
2

O cc u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , D a lla s , T e x . , S e p te m b e r 1954
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

Table A-4:

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued

(A v e ra g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s 1 l o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s 2 stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
in D a lla s , T e x . , by in d u stry d iv is io n , S e p te m b e r 1954)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
of
w
orkers

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv isio n

38 7
169
218
144
55

Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k s ________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________
P u b lic u tilitie s * __________________
R e ta il tra d e ________________________

T r u c k d r iv e r s , ligh t
(un der
tons) ________________________
M an u factu rin g _______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________ _____ ___
R e ta il t r a d e ___ ______ _____________

hourly
earnings

_

$
1.5 3
1. 60
1. 48
1. 56
1. 15

309
91
21 8
76

1.
1.
1.
1.

934

$
$
$
$
$
0 . 70 0 .7 5 0 . 80 0 . 85 0 . 9 0
Under and
under
$
0 . 70
. 75
. 80
.9 0
. 85
.9 5

$
0. 95
1 .0 0

1 .0 5

1. 10

1. 15

1. 20

1. 25

1. 30

1. 35

1. 40

1 .4 5

1. 50

1. 55

1. 60

1. 65

1. 70

1. 80

1. 90

2.. 00

2. 10

17
17
6
11

22
22
6
16

11
6
5
3
“

8
8
6
2

8
2
6
6

29
8
21
21

12
9
3
3

15
15
_

15
15
_

32
32
_

21
7
14
6

2

23
18
5
5

81
19
62
62

30
10
20
20

27
27

2
2

-

15
15
3
12

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

4
1
3
1
2

23
22
1
-

37
8
29
16

20
20
1

57
18
39
1

15
9
6
6

8
5
3
3

20
6
14
4

4
4
4

14
14
11

2
2
1

7
7
7

15
5
10
10

9
9
-

4
4
-

_
_

4
4
_

_
_
_

-

-

52
1
51
-

-

-

“

6
_
6
6

57

12
5
7

18
8
10
3

18
6
12
2

20
9
11
11

15
2
13
4

31
14
17
17

70
43
27
21

151
19
132
132

232
32
200
200

11
3
8

13
4
9
-

2
2
_

.
_
_

-

68
11
57
39

9
5
4

-

16
6
10
3

2
2
-

■

65
1
64
26

-

-

87
16
71

7
7

11
4
7

15
15

3
3

7
7

27
15
12

1
1

9
9
“

1
1
~

4
4

32
32

4
4

22
22
“

54
24
30

26
13
13

6
6

*

56
56

-

3
_
3

78
6 78

19
19
3

32
8
24
_

-

_

11
8
3
3

39
33
6
6

22
10
12
12

24
13
11
11

6
1
5
5

30
18
12
12

43
43
_

3
_
3
3

-

30
30
_

41
9
32
6

23
23
_

58
35
23
23

41
33
8
8

_
_

30
30
.

9
9
-

2
2

-

1
1

~

19
3

10

7

-

6
6

10

6

4

7
7

10
2

46
14

21
21

_

“

"

3
3

29
21
8

8
2
6

11
2
9

16
7
9
-

23
21
2
1
1

6
1
5

5
5
-

6
6
-

-

-

_

-

-

$
1. 00
-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

"

-

5

1

32
26
35
35

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
6

-

"

6
6
-

-

-

7
7

44
44

13
1
12

60
2
58
12

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m
( 1 V 2 to and in clu d ing 4 tons) ________
M a n u fa c tu r in g __________ _____ ________
N o n m an u factu rin g __________________
P u b lic u tilitie s * ____________ ______

736
470

1 .4 3
1. 49
1. 41
1. 58

-

-

-

■

“

'

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h eavy (o v e r
4 to n s, t r a ile r type) ______ ______ ____
M a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________

45 3
110
343

1 .4 9
1 .5 3
1. 47

-

-

-

-

"

“

'

"

T r u c k e r s , p ow er (fo rk lift) ____________
M an u factu rin g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________
P n h lir u tilitie s *

47 0
303
167
95

1 .4 8
1. 56
1. 34
1. 43

_

_

-

_

-

_

6
6

_

3
3
3

T r u c k e r s , p ow er (other
than fo r k lift) _____________________________
M an u factu rin g _________________________

161
59

1. 60
1. 77

-

-

-

-

6

-

3

-

■

“

“

'

"

"

"

~

W a tch m e n ----- -------- ------------------------------------M an ufactu ring _________________________
N on m an u factu rin g ____________________
P u b lic u tilitie s * __________________
R e ta il tra d e _______________________

276
136
140
34
53

1.
1.
.
1.
1.

33
18
15

8

-

-

51
31
20

4
4
-

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
*

TW~

06
16
96
11
06

26
7 26
-

4

-

-

3
12

“

8

2
2

-

3
1

-

1
1
-

-

$
1. 05

ti
34

22
12
10

2
4

$
1. 10
-

4
4
1

$
1. 15
-

14
1
13
13

$
1. 20

2
6

$
1. 25
-

-

2
4

$
1. 30
-

2
7

$
1. 35
-

■

"

9

7
6
1
1

$
1. 45
-

-

E x clu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and n igh tw ork .
D ata lim it e d to m en w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o th e r w is e in d ica te d .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as fo llo w s : 7 at $ 0 .4 0 to $ 0 .4 5 ; 16 at $ 0 .6 0 to $ 0 .6 5 ; 42 at $ 0 .6 5 to $ 0 . 7 0 .
W o r k e r s w e re d is tr ib u t e d as fo llo w s : 14 at $ 0 .4 5 to $ 0 .5 0 ; 32 at $ 0 .5 0 to $ 0 .5 5 ; 21 at $ 0 .5 5 to $ 0 .6 0 to $ 0 .6 5 ; 29 at $ 0 .6 5 to $ 0 .7 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 35 at $ 0 .5 0 to $ 0 .5 5 ; 3 at $ 0 .5 5 to $ 0 . 6 0 .
W o r k e r s w e re d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 78 at $ 2 .2 0 to $ 2 . 3 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is tr ib u te d a s f o llo w s : 6 at $ 0 .4 0 to $ 0 .4 5 ; 11 at $ 0 .5 5 to $ 0 .6 0 ; 9 at$ 0 .6 0 to $ 0 . 6 5 .
T r a n s p o rta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




$
1. 40

1
1
-

-

$
$
$
1. 50 1. 55 1. 60
-

-

_

-

3
2

$
1. 65
-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

$ •
1. 70
-

1
1
-

$
$
1. 80 1..9 0
-

-

-

-

-

s
$
2. 00 2. 10
-

_
_

and
over

9
9
-

10




B:

Establishment Practices and .Supplementary Wage

Provisions

Table B-l: Shift Differential Provisions 1
P e r c e n t o f m an ufacturin g plant w o r k e r s —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

(a)
In e sta b lis h m e n ts having
f o r m a l p r o v is io n s fo r —
S econd shift
w ork

T h ird o r other
sh ift w ork

(b)
A c tu a lly w ork ing on—

Second shift

1 7 .4

T h ir d or other
shift

T o ta l ____________________________________________________

78. 2

66. 5

With shift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l __________________________

74. 8

65. 6

1 6 .7

3 .2

U n ifo r m c en ts (per h o u r ) _______________________

68. 5

3 0 .4

1 4 .4

2. 1

3 c en ts
___
___ . ...... ...
5 c en ts ___________________________________________
6 c en ts _________________________________________
7 c en ts ___________________________________________
7 1lz c e n t6 ________________________________________
9 c e n t s _________________________________________
10 c e n t s __________________________________________
12 c e n t s ________________________________________
O v e r 12 cen ts ________________________________
U n iform p e r c e n t a g e ____________________________
5 percen t
7 l/z p e r c e n t ____________________________________
Other 2 _______________________________________________

No shift pay d iffe r e n tia l ____________________________

7 .5
2. 1

3. 2

-

2. 1
14. 0
1. 1
4. 0
3 .2
20. 8
20. 3
31.0

.5
1 4 .2
3. 1
3. 0

.7
2. 1
. 1
1 .0
.5
2. 3
7. 1
.6

6 .3

4. 8

2. 3

.2

6 .3
-

4. 8

2 .3

.2

-

.9

.7

t

3 .4

-

3 0 .4

.9

.4
.5
-

. 1
.3
.2
.6

1 Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f (a) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o lic y , and (b) w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on late
sh ifts at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as having a p o lic y if it m et e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g
c o n d itio n s : ( l ) O p e ra te d late sh ifts at the tim e o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g late s h ifts .
2 F u ll d a y ’ s pay fo r r e d u c e d h o u r s , and e ith e r
ce n ts o r 10 ce n ts p e r h o u r,
t L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
O ccu p a tio n a l Wage S u rvey, D a lla s , T e x . , S e p te m b e r 1954
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s

lllz

Table B-2‘ Minimum Entrance Rates for W om en Office W orkers
N u m ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith s p e c ifie d m in im u m h irin g rate in—
M anufacturin g
M in im u m rate
(w eekly s a la r y in d o lla r s )

A ll
s ch e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d .

171

53

M anufacturin g

N onm an u factu rin g

B a s e d on standard w ee k ly h o u r s 2 o f

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

N u m ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith s p e c ifie d m in im u m h irin g rate in—

40

XXX

A ll
s ch e d u le s

118

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
sch e d u le s

40

XXX

40

XXX

A ll
sch e d u le s

118

40

XXX

FO R O T H E R IN E X E R IE N G E D C L E R IC A L W ORKERS

F O R IN E X P E R IE N C E D T Y PIST S
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m _________

53

171

N onm anufacturing

B a s e d on standard w eek ly h o u r s 2 of

67

57

4
9

8

69

18

17

51

44

89

22

_
4
6
13
5
25
7
7
1
1

_

_

-

-

3
7
3
4

-

-

-

_
4
6
8
4
16
3
2
1

4
10
12
14
10
17
8
8
3
3

.
1
2

3
7
3
3

_
4
6
10
5
18
4
3
1

1
4
3
5
1
3

-

“

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m _______

26

10

XXX

16

XXX

23

10

XXX

13

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y ____ —

75

25

XXX

50

XXX

58

21

XXX

37

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

1

XXX

2 7 .5 0
30. 00
3 2 .5 0
35. 00
3 7 .5 0
4 0 . 00
4 2 .5 0
4 5 . 00
4 7 .5 0
50 . 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
an d
and
an d

unde r
under
unde r
u nd er
u nd er
u nd er
under
u nd er
u nd er
over_
_

30. 00 ............. ......... ............. .
3 2 . 5 0 ____________________________
3 5 . 0 0 ____________________________
3 7 . 5 0 ____________________________
4 0 . 00
_ .........................
4 2 . 5 0 ____________________________
4 5 .0 0
....
... ______ _
4 7 .5 0 _______
______ ________
50. 0 0 ____________________________

Data not a v a ila b le ___

1

1

1

XXX

-

1

L o w e st s a la r y rate f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d fo r h irin g in exp erien ced w o r k e r s fo r typing or other c le r ic a l jo b s .
H o u rs r e f le c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir regu lar s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s .




2

21
-

1
2
2
1
4
3
4
1
3

3

10

8

12

10

9
13
5
3
2

7
12

4
3
2

O ccu p a tion a l W age S u rvey, D a lla s , T e x ; , S ep tem b er 1954
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b or S ta tistics

12

Table B-3*. Frequency of W age Payment
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

F r e q u e n c y o f paym en t

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________________________

W e e k l y __________________ __________________________
B iw e e k ly __________________________________________
S e m im o n th ly _____________________________________

1
2
j"
*
**

All
j
industries

M anufacturing

Public
utilities v

Retail trade

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Finance * *

All
2
industries

M anufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

21
26
53

39
4
58

10
45
44

44
24
31

t
39
61

76
11
13

88
7
5

55
13
32

62
14
24

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly ,
L e s s than 2 .5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .

Table B-4: Scheduled Weekly Hours
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

W eekly h o u rs
All
industries

A ll w o r k e r s ________________________________________

3 7 V h o u r s and under ____________________________
2
O v er 3 7 V 2 and u nd er 40 h o u r s __________________
40 h ou rs _________________________________________
O v er 40 and tinder 44 h o u r s _____________________
4 4 'h ou rs __________________ _______________ ______
O v er 44 and u nd er 48 h o u r s _____ ____________
48 h ou rs ___________________________________________
O v er 48 and under 50 h o u r s ____________________
50 h o u r s ___________________________________________
O v er 50 h o u rs _ _________________________________

1
2
3
|
*
**

100

2

M anufacturing

100

3

3

10
75

92

3

6

t
t
-

-

t
t
t
-

Public
utilities

*

Retail trade

100

100

3

7
12
59
10
10

-

89
3
3

t
t
-

t

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Finance

100

t

24
74

t
t
-

-

-

-

-

**

All
3
industries

100

M anufacturing

100

t

t

3
57
5
7
8
12

-

78

t
3
3

Data r e la te to w o m e n w o i.c e r s o n ly .
O cc u p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y , D a lla s , T e x . , S e p te m b e r 1954
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e and s e r v ic e s in ad d itio n to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in ad d ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




t
5
7

t
-

3

t

Public
utilities

*

Retail trade

100

100

62

12
30
8
10
8
27
-

-

14

t

3
17
3

-

5

U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta t is tic s

13

Table B-5:

Paid Holiday Provisions

P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —

Item

A l l w o r k e r s __________

___

All
,
industries *

_______________________________

M anufacturing

Public
u tilities*

R etail trade

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Finance * *

All
3
industries

M anufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

86
6
15
22
26
17

93

85

85

-

100
3
49
28
21

100

t
5

t
7
21
40
23

-

t

t

-

-

-

14

7

15

15

59
59

52
34
15

76
59
17

61
21
14

16
4
12

N u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g p a id
h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________________________
L e s s than 4 d a y s _______ _______________________
4 d a y s ____________________________________________
5 d a y s _____________________________________________________________
6 d a y s _____________________________________________________________
7 d a y s ____________________________________________________.________
8 d a y s _____________________________________________________________
O v e r 8 d a y s _____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g no p a id
h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________________________

t

9
35
25
18
3
9

13
40
40

t

t

17
37
42
3
-

-

-

t

59
8

t
5
26

3
15
28
40

7

45
25
7
-

t

t

-

62
48
8

82
78
4

76
23
17

6

-

36

-

-

3

-

26

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

P r o v i s i o n s f o r h o lid a y s o c c u r r i n g
on n o n w o r k d a y s 4
W ith p r o v i s i o n s f o r h o lid a y s f a llin g on
S a tu r d a y _____________________________________________________________
A n o th e r d a y o ff w ith p a y _______________________________
E x tr a d a y 's p a y ______________________________________________
O p tion o f a n o t h e r day o f f o r e x t r a
d a y 's p a y _____________________________________________________
P r o v i s i o n s d i f f e r f o r v a r io u s h o l i d a y s ________
O th er p r o v i s i o n s ___________________________________________
S atu rd a y i s a s c h e d u le d w o r k d a y f o r a ll
w o r k e r s _____________________________________________________________
N o p r o v i s io n s (o r n o p a y ) f o r h o lid a y s
f a llin g on S a t u r d a y ___________________________________________
W ith p r o v i s io n s f o r h o lid a y s f a llin g on
S u n d a y _______________________________________________________________
A n o th e r day o ff w ith p a y ______________________
E x tr a d a y 's p a y _________________________________
O p tion o f a n o th e r day o f f o r e x t r a
d a y 's p a y _____________________________________________________
P r o v i s i o n s d i f f e r f o r v a r io u s h o lid a y s „
O th er p r o v i s i o n s _____________________________ ...
Sunday i s a s c h e d u le d w o r k d a y f o r a ll
w o r k e r s __ _______________________________________
N o p r o v i s io n s (o r no p a y ) f o r h o lid a y s
f a llin g o n S u n d a y _________________________________
W ith p r o v i s io n s f o r h o lid a y s fa llin g
d u r in g v a c a t i o n ___________________________________
A n o th e r day o ff w ith p a y ______________________
E x tr a d a y 's p a y --------------------------------------------------O p tion o f a n o th e r day o f f o r e x t r a
d a y ’ 3 p a y ______________________________________
P r o v i s i o n s d i ff e r f o r v a r io u s h o lid a v s
O th er p r o v i s io n s ______________________ __________
N o p r o v i s i o n s (o r no p a y ) f o r h o lid a y s
fa llin g d u r in g v a c a t io n __________________________

44
14
30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

5

7

39

22

25

9

15

58

20

12

1
7

18

19

9

8

9

10

92
92

96
94

100
100

97
97

93
93

t

t

-

89
83
6

74
74

-

80
76
4

85
85

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

-

t

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

3

-

3

7

6

4

53
45
7

60
36
24

85
81

58
52

37
37

52
33
17

61
29
32

74
65
5

37
29

-

t

-

4

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

63

34

32

11

48

-

-

-

t
t
-

-

-

-

15

42

46

39

t

t

4

t

1 E s t im a t e s in c lu d e o n ly f u ll - d a y h o lid a y s p r o v id e d an n u a lly.
2 I n c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 I n c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 L im it e d to p r o v i s i o n s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s having a fo r m a l p o l ic y a p p lyin g w hen h o lid a y s o c c u r on n o n w o rk d a y s ; so m e o f the e s t im a t e s w o u ld be s lig h tly h ig h e r i f p r a c t i c e s d e t e r m in e d in fo r m a lly
a s the situ a tio n o c c u r s w e r e in c lu d e d .
t L e s s than 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
O cc u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , D a lla s , T e x . , S e p te m b e r 1954
*
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
* * F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is tic s




14

Table B-6:

Pqid Vacations

P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D I N —

V a c a tio n p o l ic y

A ll w o r k e r s

A ll
.
industries 1

____________________ __________________________________

M anufacturing

Public
utilities *

R etail trade

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Finance * *

AH
industries A

M anufacturing

Public
utilities *

R etail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
100
"

99
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

94
91
3

97
91
6

100
100
-

90
90
-

t

f

-

"

-

6

3

-

10

99
35
65
-

100
54
46
-

99
84
15
-

100
6
94
-

93
77
16

t

97
88
9
-

94
61
33
-

89
71
18
-

t

-

t

-

7

3

6

11

99
10

99
10

100
13

88

89
-

87
-

100
18
6
76
-

100
100
-

94
46
6
41

t

97
61
4
32
-

100
38
62
-

90
27
10
53
-

t

-

-

■

6

3

-

10

99
7

99
5

100
14

93
-

84
-

100
100
-

94
22
6
66

t

97
20
7
70
-

100
20
80
-

90
23

92

100
3
97
-

M E T H O D OF P A Y M E N T
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g p a id
v a c a tio n s _________________________________________________________
L e n g t h -o f - t im e p a y m e n t ______________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g no p a id
v a c a t i o n s __________________________ _____________ _______ __________
A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y
A fte r

1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g p a id
v a c a t i o n s __________________________________________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ____________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g no p a id
v a c a t i o n s __________________________________________

99
33
66

t
t

A f t e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g p a id
v a c a tio n s __________________________________________
1 w e e k _________ _________ _______________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ____________________
2 w e e k s .... ____ _______________ ____________ ___
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w ee k s ------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g no pa id
v a c a t i o n s _________________________________________

t
t
t

t

t

A f t e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g p a id
v a c a t i o n s ___ _______________________________________________________
1 w e e k _________ _ _______________________ _ ....____________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _____ ____ _________________
2 w e e k s ---------------------- ---------------------- ------- -- -----------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _ _____ ________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g no p a id
v a c a t i o n s ____ _____________________________________________________

t
t

t

t

t

t

"

“

■

6

3

99
3
?
94

99
3
96

100

100
9
90
-

100
97
-

94
12

97
10

t

3

“

t

66
10

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g p a id
v a c a t io n s ________________________________________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 ana und er 2 w e e k s ________________ —
2 w e e k s __________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ____________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g no pa id
v a c a t i o n s _________________ ________________________

t
t

t

!

t
t
t

t

98
-

t
t
t

t
t

78

84

6

3

-

See f o o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .
O c c u p a t io n a l W age S u r v e y , D a lla s , T e x . , S e p t e m b e r 1954
*
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




NOTE:

In the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s by y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n ts o th e r than " le n g th o f t i m e " , su c h
a s p e r c e n t a g e o f annual e a r n in g s o r f la t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e re c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r
e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .

100
4
96
-

90
14
74
-

t

10

U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s

15

Table B-6:

Paid Vacations - Continued

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
V a c a tio n p o lic y

A ll w ork ers

All
i
industries

____________________________________________

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Finance * *

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99
3
92

100
100

100
4
94

94
11
81

97
10
85

100
3
97

90
8
79

f
4

-

-

t

t
t

t

-

100
85
9
6

-

■

6

3

100
4
63

100
45

94
11
49

97
10
42

- C on tin u ed

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g p aid
v a c a t i o n s ______________________________________________
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s ___ ___________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g no p a id
v a c a t i o n s ______________________________________________

t
89
4
4
t

t

99

t
50

99
3
36
61

t

t

99
t
43
t
54

99
3
36
61

t

t

99
t
41

99
3
36

t
45
11

-

-

49
12

75

t

t

-

-

-

3
10

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g p a id
v a c a t i o n s _______________________________________________
1 w e e k ________________________________ ________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g no p a id
v a c a t i o n s _______________________________________________

t
47

100
42

100
3
39

90
8
67

-

-

-

-

-

33

55

t
34

-

58

45

58

15

-

“

6

3

"

10

100
*26
74

100
4
55
41

100
42
58

94
11
46
t
37

97
10
42
45

100
3
30
67

90
8
60
22

■

_

6

3

■

10

100

100
4
52

94
11
44

100
3
19
78
-

90
8
55

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g p a id
v a c a t i o n s ______________________________________________
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
2 w eeks
________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g no p a id
v a c a tio n s ______________________________________________

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g p a id
v a c a t i o n s ______________________________________________
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________ ________
4 w e e k s and o v e r __________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g no p a id
v a c a t i o n s ______________________________________________

-

25

-

15
29

43
15

f
34
5

97
10
42
41
4

“

“

6

3

100
-

42

-

-

1 I n c lu d e s d ata f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 I n c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly ,
t L e s s than 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
*
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
* * F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .




-

15
12
10

16

APPENDIX:

JOB

DESCRIPTIONS

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to
assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on inter establishment and
interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude w ork­
ing su pervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped w orkers, part-tim e,
tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

O ff i c e
BILLER, MACHINE
P repares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerica l work in­
cidental to billing operations.
F or wage study purposes, b illers,
machine, are classified by type of machine, as follow s:
B iller, machine (billing machine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon tiopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which
are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from cu stom ers1 purchase ord ers, internally prepared
orders, shipping memorandum, etc. Usually involves application
of predeterm ined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping m achine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott F isher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on cu stom ers1 ledger
record.
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
m atically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash R egister, with or with­
out a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of record s requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
D eter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand.
Class B - Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections
of a set oF records usually requiring little knowledge of basic
bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution,
inventory control,etc. May check or a ssist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, lias responsibility for keeping one or m ore sections of a co m ­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c ­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerk s.
Class B - Under supervision, perform s one or m ore routine
accounting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the m ore routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several w ork ers.

17

CLERK, FILE
Class A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system . C lassifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
m aterial in the file s .
May perform incidental clerica l duties.
Class B - P erform s routine filing, usually of m aterial that
has already been cla ssified , or locates or assists in locating m ate­
rial in the file s .
May perform incidental clerica l duties.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a num erical key-punch machine, following
written information on record s.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers* orders for material or m erchandise by
m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
follow ing: Quoting p rices to custom ers; making out an order sheet
listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of items on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective depart­
ments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine
credit rating of custom er, acknowledge receipt of orders from cu s­
tom ers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep file
of orders received , and check shipping invoices with original ord ers.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating worker*s
earnings based on time or production records; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such as worker*s name, w ork­
ing days, tim e, rate, deductions fo r insurance, and total wages due.
May make out pay checks and assist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
P rim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk , which may involve frequent use of
a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
perform ance of other duties.

P erform s various routine duties such as running errands,
operating minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing m ail, and other minor cle rica l work.
SECRETARY
P erform s secretarial and cle rica l duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; ■ aceiving people coming into office; answering
*
and making phone calls; handling personal and important or con fi­
dential m ail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to take dictation from one or m ore persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
w riter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in order, keep simple record s, etc.
Does not include tran­
scribing-m achine work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL

Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwriting
m atter, using a m im eograph or ditto machine.
Makes necessary
adjustment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto m aster. May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m a sters.
May sort, collate, and staple co m ­
pleted m aterial.

P rim ary duty is to take dictation from one or m ore persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple re cord s, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-m achine work.




18

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls.
May record toll calls and take m essages.
May give in for­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone ord ers.
For w orkers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

type from written copy and do sim ple cle rica l work. W orkers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not
included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator, on a single p o s i­
tion or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
type or perform routine cle rica l work as part of regular duties. This
typing or c le rica l work may take the m ajor part of this worker rs time
while at switchboard.

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing record s and reports or sorting and d istrib­
uting incoming mail.
Class A - Perform s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; cop y ­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent and
varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreig n -la n ­
guage copy; combining m aterial from several sou rces, or plan­
ning layout of com plicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity
and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in final
form . May type routine form letters, varying details to suit
circum stances.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on form s or accounting records; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice or
diagrams; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine. May file cards after they are tabulated. May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

Class B - P erform s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of form s,
insurance p olicies, etc'. ; setting up simple standard tabulations, or
copying m ore complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine record s.
May also

Professional

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR

(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing pur­
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May p re ­
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties
under direction of a draftsman.




and

Technical

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or m ore draftsmen in p rep ­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or prelim inary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Interpreting blue­
prints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work p r o ­
cedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
perform ing m ore difficult problem s. May a ssist subordinates during
em ergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.

19

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

P repares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, etc.,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computa­
tions such as those involved in strength of m aterials, beams and
tru sses; verifying com pleted work, checking dimensions, m aterials to
be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments or
changes in drawings or specifications.
May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, e le ctrica l, m echanical, or structural drafting.

the prem ises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attending to subsequent dressing of em ployee's injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carrying out program s
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant
environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and
safety of all personnel.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
Uses T-square, com pass, and other drafting tools. May prepare
simple drawings and do simple lettering.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on

Maintenance

TRACER

and

Powerplant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE - Continued

P erform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins ,
crib s, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casin gs,
and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost of
the follow ing: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints ] draw­
in gs, m odels, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenterrs
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting m aterials n ecessa ry fo r the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.

conduit system s, or other transm ission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the electrica l system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electrician rs handtools and measuring
and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
P erform s a variety of electrica l trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a
variety of e lectrica l equipment such as generators, transform ers,
switchboards, con tro lle rs, circu it breakers, m otors, heating units,



ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrig era ­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com p ressors, generators, m o­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and b o ile r-fe d water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing m ore than one engineer are excluded.

20

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing b oile rroom equipment.

Repairs automobiles, busses, m otortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves m ost of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, d rills, or specialized equipment in d is ­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making n ecessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automo^'ve mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.

HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or m ore workers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by perform ing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning w ork­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding m a­
terials or tools; perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by jo u r­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also perform ed by workers
on a full-tim e basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine
tools, such as jig b orers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of m achine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and perform ing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjustments
during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May
be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools.,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-in du stry wage study purposes, m achine-tool operators, tool­
room in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning arid la y in g out of work; using a va­
riety of m achinist's handtools “
and prcv ision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard m a c h in e tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fit­
ting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist's work norm ally requires a rounded training in m achineshop practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.




MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for m ajor repairs; preparing written
specifications for m ajor repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassem bling machines; and making all n ecessary
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are w orkers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay ­
out are required. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop co m ­
putations relating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transm ission equipment such as drives and speed r e ­
ducers. In general, the m illw right's work norm ally requires a round­
ed training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience,
OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

21

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment,,
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or fille r in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush. May m ix c o lo rs , oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper co lo r or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

F abricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lock ers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing)
of an establishment. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and laying out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blue­
prints, m odels, or other specifications; setting up and operating all
available types of sheet-m etal-w orking machines; using a variety of
handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem ­
bling; installing sheet-m etal articles as required. In general, the
work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe
and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the follow ­
ing: Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from
drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe
to c o rre ct lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or
pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe
by hand-driven or pow er-driven machines; assembling pipe with cou ­
plings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computa­
tions relating to p re ssu re s, flow , and size of pipe required; making
standard tests to determ ine whether finished pipes meet sp ecifica ­
tions.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
W orkers p r i­
m arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heat­
ing system s are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber*s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.

Custodial

and

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gauge maker)
Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gauges, jig s, fix ­
tures or dies for forgings, punching and other m etal-form ing work.
Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out of work
from m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecifi­
cations; using a variety of tool and die maker*s handtools and precision
measuring instruments; understanding of the working properties of
common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools
and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating
to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances;
selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and p ro ce ss e s.
In general,
the tool and die maker*s work requires a rounded training in machineshop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Material

GUARD

Movement

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)

P erform s routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on
tour, maintaining ord er, using arm s or force where necessary.
Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and- check on id en tity~ f
em ployees and other persons entering.



Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartment house, or co m ­
m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the

22

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER - Continued

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK - Continued

following: Sweeping, mopping jor scrubbing, and polishing floors; r e ­
moving chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture,
or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trim m ings; providing supplies
and m inor maintenance services; cleaning lavatories, showers, and
restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

May direct or assist in preparing the m erchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying
the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other
records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing
merchandise or materials to proper departments; maintaining n e ce s­
sary records and files.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
For wage study purposes, w orkers are classified as follow s;
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker;
stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant,
store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or m ore of
the follow ing: Loading and unloading various materials and m erchan­
dise on or from freight ca rs, trucks, or other transporting devices;
unpacking, shelving, or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper
storage location; transporting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck,
car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slip, customer
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to fillirfg orders and
indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor,
and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations perform ed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or
m ore of the follow ing: Knowledge of various items of stock in order
to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container;
inserting enclosures in container; using ex celsior or other m aterial to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; applying
labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also
make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

Receiving clerk
Shipping cleric
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
m aterials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of
establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, w are­
houses, wholesale and retail establishments or between retail estab­
lishments and cu stom ers1 houses or places of business.
May also
load or unload truck with or without helpers, make m inor m echanical
repairs, and keep truck in good working ord er.
D river-sa lesm en and
over-th e-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (T ra ctor-tra iler should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity).
Truckdriver, light (under l 1 tons)
/^
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-p ow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about
a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, w orkers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipment, or receives and is r e ­
sponsible for incoming shipments of m erchandise or other m aterials.
Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ra c­
tice s ^ r o u te s , available means of transportation and rates; and p re ­
paring records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, post­
ing weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping record s.



Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of p rem ises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆

U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1955 O—

326393

F o r the convenience of u sers o f BLS data, co p ie s o f bulletins m ay a lso be purchased fr o m
the follow in g sales o ffice s ?

B ureau o f L a b or Statistics
341 Ninth Avenue
New Y ork 1, N. Y.

B ureau o f L abor S tatistics
105 W est Adam s S treet
C h icago 3, 111.

B ureau o f L abor Statistics
630 Sansom e S treet
San F r a n c is c o 11, C alif.

O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 17 m a jo r la b or m arkets during late 1954
and e a r ly 1955. B ulletins fo r the follow in g areas are now available and m ay be pu rchased fro m
the Superintendent o f Docum ents, Governm ent P rinting O ffice , W ashington 25, D. C . , or fro m
any o f the region a l sales office s liste d above.

L abor M arket
B u ffalo, N. Y.
C levelan d , Ohio
D allas, T ex.




Survey P e rio d
Septem ber 1954
O ctober 1954
S eptem ber 1954

BLS B ulletin
Number
1172-1
1172-2
1172-3

P r ic e
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102