View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

PORTLAND, OREG.
A P R IL 1955

BLS Bulletin No. 1172-16

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary



BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Aryness Joy Wickens, Acting Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




PORTLAND, OREG.
A p ril

195 5

BuUetin No.

1172-16
June 1955

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

James P. Mitchell, Secretary

(c

BUREAU O F LAB O R S T A T ISTIC S

^

Aryness Joy Wicken*. Acting Commis*ioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

jjj|jjjjjjj^

M jS

g
j
J
y

^ S S tn g y

Price 25 cents







CONTENTS
Page
IN TRO DU CTIO N _________________________________________________________________

1

TABLES:
A:

B:

A P P E N D IX :

O ccu pation al e a rn in g s * A - 1:
O ffice o ccu p a tio n s _________________________________________
A - 2:
P r o fe s s io n a l and te ch n ica l o c c u p a t io n s _________________
A - 3:
M aintenance and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t io n s _______________
A -4 :
C u stod ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s ________

3
5
6
7

E stablish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en tary
wage p r o v is io n s B -l:
Shift d iffe re n tia l p r o v is io n s * ____________________________
B -2 :
M inim um en tra n ce ra te s f o r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ____
B -3 :
F re q u e n cy o f w age p a y m e n t ______________________________
B -4 ;
Scheduled w eek ly h o u rs * _________________________________
B -5 ;
P aid h olid a y p r o v i s i o n s * _________________________________
B -6 :
P aid v a c a t io n s * _____________________________________________

9
10
11
11
12
13

Job d e s c r ip t io n s __________________________________________________

15

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu lation s (a lso co v e r in g health , in s u ra n ce , and p e n sio n p la n s)
a r e a v a ila b le in the P o rtla n d a re a r e p o r t s fo r June 1951, S ep tem b er 1952, and
S e p te m b e r 1953.
The 1953 r e p o r t a ls o p r o v id e s tabu lation s o f w age stru ctu re
c h a r a c t e r is t ic s , la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n ts , and o v e rtim e pay p r o v is io n s .
A d ir e c t o r y indicating date o f study and the p r ic e o f the r e p o r t s , a s w e ll as
r e p o r t s fo r oth er m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon re q u e st.
A cu rre n t re p o rt on o ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and su p p lem en tary w age p r a c t ic e s
is a ls o a v a ila b le fo r the m a ch in e ry in d u strie s in the P ortla n d a re a (D e ce m b e r
1954). Union s c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re a v a ila b le fo r the
fo llo w in g tra d e s o r in d u strie s: B uilding co n s tr u ctio n , p rin tin g , lo c a l tra n sit
o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u ck d r iv e r s .
(iii)




OCCUPATIONAL W
AGE SURVEY, PORTLAND, OREG.

Introduction
The P ortla n d , Oregon area is one o f se v e ra l im portant
in d u strial ce n te r s in which the Bureau o f L abor Statistics has
con du cted su rvey s o f occupational earnings and rela ted wage
b en efits on an area w id e b a s is .
In each a re a , data a re obtained
by p e rs o n a l v is its o f Bureau field agents to rep resen ta tiv e e s ­
tablish m en ts within 6 broad industry d ivision s: M anufacturing;
tran sportation (exclu din g ra ilro a d s), com m unication, and other
public u tilities; w h olesa le trade; retail trade; finance, insu ran ce,
and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s .
M ajor industry groups excluded
fr o m th ese studies a re governm ent institutions and the c o n s tr u c­
tion and ex tra ctiv e in d u stries.
E stablishm ents having few er than
a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w ork ers w ere a lso om itted sin ce they
furn ish ed in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occu pations studied to
w arrant in c lu s io n .*
1
W h erever p ossib le , separate tabulations
a re p rov id ed fo r the individual broad industry d iv isio n s.
T h ese su rvey s are conducted on a sam ple b a sis because
o f the u n n ecessa ry co s t involved in surveying a ll establish m en ts,
and to en su re p rom pt publication o f re s u lts.
To obtain a p p ro ­
p riate a c c u r a c y at m inim um co s t, a greater p rop ortion o f large
than o f sm all establish m en ts is studied.
In com bining the data,
h ow ever, a ll establish m en ts are given their appropriate w eight.
E stim a tes a re p resen ted th erefore as relating to all e sta b lish ­
m ents in the industry grouping and area, but not to those below
the m in im u m siz e s tu d ie d .2
O ccu pation s and E arnings
O ccupational cla ss ifica tio n is based on a un iform set o f
jo b d e sc rip tio n s design ed to take account o f interestablish m en t
va ria tion in duties within the sam e job (see Appendix fo r listing
o f th ese d e s c r ip tio n s ).
Earnings data are p resen ted fo r the f o l­
low ing types o f occu p a tion s: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l;
(b) p ro fe ssio n a l
and tech n ica l; (c ) m aintenance and powerplant; and (d) cu stodial
and m a te ria l m ovem en t.

Occupational em ploym ent estim ates r e fe r to the total in
all estab lish m en ts within the scop e o f the study and not to the
num ber actually su rveyed. B ecau se o f d iffe r e n ce s in occupational
stru ctu re among estab lish m en ts, the estim ates o f occupational
em ploym en t obtained fr o m the sam ple o f establishm ents studied
s e rv e only to indicate the rela tiv e im portan ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese d iffe re n ce s in occu pation al structure do not m a terially
a ffe ct the a ccu r a c y o f the earnings data.
E stablish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary
Wage P r o v is io n s
Inform ation is a lso p resen ted on s e le cte d establishm ent
p r a c tic e s and supplem entary benefits as they relate to o ffice and
plant w o r k e r s .
The te rm , ’’o ffic e w o r k e r s 1 , as used in this
1
bulletin inclu des all o ffic e c le r ic a l em p loy ees and exclu des ad­
m in istra tiv e , execu tiv e, p ro fe ss io n a l, and tech n ica l p erson n el.
’ ’P lant w o r k e r s ” include working fo re m e n and a ll n on su p ervisory
w o rk e rs (including leadm en and tra in e e s) engaged in n on office
fu n ction s. A dm in istrative, execu tiv e, p ro fe ss io n a l, and techn ical
e m p lo y e e s, and fo r c e account con stru ction em p loyees who are
u tilized as a separate w ork fo r c e are exclu d ed. C afeteria w ork ers
and route m en a re exclu ded in m anufacturing industries but are
included as plant w o rk e rs in nonm anufacturing in d u stries.
S h ift-d ifferen tia l data are lim ited to manufacturing in­
d u s tr ie s .
This inform ation is p resen ted both in term s o f (a)
establish m en t p o li c y 3 and (b) e ffe ctiv e p ro v isio n s fo r w ork ers

* This re p o r t was p rep ared in the Bureau*s region al office
in San F r a n c is c o , C a l i f ., by W illiam P . 0 !Connor under the d i­
r e ctio n o f John L . Dana, R egional Wage and Industrial R elations
A n alyst.
1 See follow in g table for m in im u m -size establishm ent c o v ­
e re d by study.
2 An ex cep tion is made in the tabulation o f m inim um en ­
tran ce ra tes fo r w om en o ffice w ork ers which re la te s to p ro v isio n s
in estab lish m en ts actu ally studied.




Data a re shown fo r fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs , i . e . , those h ired
to w ork a fu ll-tim e schedule fo r the given occupational c la s s ifi­
ca tion .
E arnings data exclude prem iu m pay fo r overtim e and fo r
w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late sh ifts.
N onproduction b o ­
n u ses a re a lso exclu ded, but c o s t -o f-liv in g bonuses and incentive
earn in gs a re included.
W here w eekly hours a re rep orted , as fo r
o ffic e c le r ic a l o ccu p a tion s, re fe r e n c e is to the w ork schedules
(rounded to the n ea rest h a lf-h o u r )fo r which stra ig h t-tim e sa la ries
are paid; avera ge w eekly earnings fo r these occu pations have been
rounded to the n ea rest 50 cen ts.

3
An establishm ent was co n s id e re d as having a p o licy if it
m et either o f the follow in g con dition s: ( l ) Operated late shifts
at the tim e o f the su rvey, o r (2) had fo rm a l p ro v isio n s cov erin g
late sh ifts.
(1)

2

a c t u a l ly e m p lo y e d o n e x t r a s h ift s a t th e t i m e o f th e s u r v e y .
T a b u la t io n s r e la t in g to e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l i c y a r e p r e s e n t e d in
t e r m s o f to t a l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t ; e s t i m a t e s in th e s e c o n d
ta b u la tio n r e la t e o n ly to t h o s e w o r k e r s a c t u a l ly e m p l o y e d o n th e
s p e c i f i e d s h ift .
S u p p le m e n ta r y p r a c t i c e s , o t h e r th a n m in im u m e n t r a n c e
r a te s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ,
a n d s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s , a r e
t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n th e b a s i s th at t h e s e a r e p r o v i d e d t o a l l
w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o f f i c e s o r p la n t d e p a r t m e n t s th a t o b s e r v e
th e p r a c t i c e in q u e s t i o n . 4
B e c a u s e o f v a r y in g e l i g i b i l i t y r e ­

4 S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s ( f i r s t s e c t i o n
o f ta b le B - 4 ) a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o m e n
o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o f f i c e s w ith th e in d ic a t e d w e e k ly h o u r s
fo r w om en w o r k e r s .

q u i r e m e n t s , th e p r o p o r t i o n a c t u a lly r e c e i v i n g th e s p e c i f i c b e n e f it s
m a y b e s m a lle r .
M o r e o v e r , a p r a c tic e w as c o n s id e r e d a s a p ­
p l i c a b l e to a ll o f f i c e o r p la n t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t i f it
a p p lie d t o a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s .
B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,
s u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in t h e s e t a b u la t io n s d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y
eq u a l to t a ls .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s i s l i m i t e d to f o r m a l
a r r a n g e m e n t s , e x c lu d in g i n f o r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y t i m e o f f w ith
p a y i s g r a n t e d a t th e d i s c r e t i o n o f th e e m p l o y e r o r th e s u p e r ­
v is o r .
S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c c o r d i n g t o e m p l o y e r
p r a c t i c e in c o m p u t in g v a c a t io n p a y m e n t s , s u c h a s t im e p a y m e n t s ,
p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s , o r f l a t - s u m a m o u n t s .
H o w e v e r , in
th e t a b u la t io n s o f v a c a t io n a l lo w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y ­
m e n t s n o t o n a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d ;1 f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t
o f 2 p e r c e n t o f an n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u iv a le n t
o f 1 w eek*s pay.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d ie d in P o r t l a n d , O r e g . ,* b y M a jo r In d u s t r y D iv i s io n , A p r i l 1 95 5

M in im u m s i z e
e s t a b l is h m e n t
in s c o p e o f
s tu d y 2

In d u stry d iv is io n

A l l d i v i s i o n s _____________________

__ _____

__ __ __ __ __ __

M a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
c o m m u n ic a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s 4 _
W h o l e s a le t r a d e
______
______
R e t a il t r a d e ______________________________________________________
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e
S e r v ic e s 6
........... .
.......

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scope of
stu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

S t u d ie d

S tu d ie d
T o t a l 34

O ffic e

P la n t

T ota l 3

51

508

144

9 7 ,0 0 0

1 6 ,7 0 0

6 5 ,5 0 0

5 3 ,5 5 0

51
51

203
305

60
84

4 5 ,8 0 0
5 1 ,2 0 0

3 , 500
1 3 ,1 0 0

3 7 ,4 0 0
2 8 ,2 0 0

2 3 ,5 8 0
2 9 ,9 7 0

51
51
51
51
51

51
90
84
37
43

20
19
23
9
13

1 4 ,9 0 0
9 ,3 0 0
1 6 ,9 0 0
5 ,6 0 0
4 ,5 0 0

7 ,4 0 0
(5)
1 3 ,'1 0 0

1 1 ,5 1 0
3 , lbO
1 0 ,7 4 0
2 ,8 7 0
1 ,6 9 0

3 ,0 0 0
(5)
2 , 100
(5)
(5)

(?)
(5 )

1 P o r t l a n d M e t r o p o li t a n A r e a ( C l a c k a m a s , M u lt n o m a h , a n d W a s h in g t o n C o u n t ie s , O r e g . ; a n d C l a r k C o u n t y , W a s h in g t o n ).
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s
s h o w n in th is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
The e s t im a t e s a r e n ot in te n d e d , h o w ­
e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y m e n t i n d i c e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f
e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m s i z e l im i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e ,
f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s o n e e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , t e c h n i c a l , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
A l s o e x c l u d e s t a x i c a b s , a n d s e r v i c e s i n c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n i n c lu d e d in e a r l i e r s t u d i e s .
T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a lth o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t t o j u s t i f y
s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f d a ta .
H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; r a d i o b r o a d c a s t i n g a n d t e l e v i s i o n ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g i ­
n e e r in g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A : Occupational Earnings
Table A-l: Office Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in P o r t la n d , O r e g . , b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , A p r i l 1955)
Average

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G S T R A I G H T -T I M E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF-

$

N u m b er

of

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

W eekly

W eek ly

(Standard)

(Standard)

U nder

7
7
$
$
$
$
3 7 . 50 ;40 . 00 4 2 . 50 4 5 . 0 0 4 7 . 50 5 0 . 0 0
S n 8
and °
”
"
i *
37 . 50 4 0 . 0 0 4 2 . 50 4 5 . 0 0 4 7 . 50 5 0 . 0 0 152. 50

7

[s

5
52 . 50 | 5 . 0 0
“
j
55 . 00 !57. 50

3

|

$
57 .50

100
46
54

40 .0
4 0 .5
39.5

$
82 . 50
8 3 . 50
81 .50

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s B -----------------------

.42

40 .0

71.00

M a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------

236
44
192

40 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

76. 50
89 . 0G
73. 50

-

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l -----------------------------------------------

32

40. C

78 . 0 0

_

O ff ic e b o y s -------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------

76
43

4 0 .0
40 .0

4 6 . 50
47 .50

3

-

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

.

_

_

-

-

-

,

-

i

-

i

!

-

j

1

-

3 !

-

-

!

-

-

'

-

-

3

!

i

-

|

-

|

-

_

!

_

j

1

2

i
!

-

-

1

i

2

|

1

|

3

!

15
15

10 1

|

T a o u la tin g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s --------------------N ^ m a n u fa c t u r i n g -------------------------------------

56
37

40 .0
40 .0

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

|
;

_

_

:

'

-

14
3

8
3

5
_

80 .00
82.00

11
9

_
I

“

■

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e ---------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------

40 .0
40 .0
40 .0

55 . 50
53.50
61.00

_
_ !

_

_

-

-

-

3
3
l

16
16
-

!
i

68
61

40 .0
4 0 .0

53.00
52.50

t
i

-

50
31

_

5
5

-4 0. 0
40 .0

66 . 50
66 . 50

-

-

1

1

9
8

2

_

■

-

-

~

i

5 !

4

!
1

,

2

25
25
2

i

4
4
4

1
1
1

1

$
1
85 . 00
i
9
I 0 .00

$
*
90 .00 9 5 .00
and
j 195.00 o v e r

1

i

i

1

i

2

1

-

|

-

2

!

2

1

i
!

1

1

53

j

-

-

8

i

4

j

20

8
4
4

:...

-

20
_

;

16
8

2

i

5

i

10

!

9
1

8

_

8
4

53
_

i

_

_

"

28
18
10

i

11

i
!

11
8
3

14

8

20 !
6 :
14

_

16
2

!

!

12

-

59
10
49

4

|

i
!

4

1
|

8
5
3

9
6
3

24
13
11

4

2

7 i
6 ;

j

5

!

i

-

2
2

i
!

j

13
5

|

-

j

-

-

-

4
2

1

3
1

■

4
2

5

4
3

3

4

1

-

-

10

10
10

5

j
!

-

3

1

;

1

12
12

3
3

|

2

“

5

i

1
-

4

8
8

!
■
i

-

8

!
1
I

1

1
1

j

1

_

;

I

■

:

i
_

-

_

|
102
81
32

13
10

-

_

I
"

2

9
9

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h i n e ) -----------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ------------------------------------

1

1
$
75 . 00 ;80 . 00
j
8 0 . 0 0 185. 00

$

i

i

-

;

|
*

1

i

-

-

$
I
:s
1
$
1
6 5 . 0 0 !6 7. 50 j7 0 . 0 0 > . 50
72
I “
“
•
j
i
6 2 . 5 0 !6 5 . 0 0 | . 50 7 0 . 0 0 I72. 50 |75.0 0
67

60 .00
!

M en
C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s A ----------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------- -----------------------

$
6 0 . 0 0 ;6 2 . 5 0

$

-

15
15

4
4

19
12

1
1

-

-

12
4

!
I
!
|

3
3

i

9.. j
5 i
5 |

18
10
10

*

2
2

4
4

4
3

-

:

1
1
i

-

3
2
2

1
-

-

-

1
-

!"

i

i
i

-

-

!

-

-

-

i

j

I
l
l

_
_

1
i
1

!
-

>

-

~ '

4
4

;

-

|

-

3 o o k k e e p in g -m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ,
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------

-

-

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B -----------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e -------------------------------------------

486
55
43 1
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
40 .0

52.50
59.00
51 .50
55.00

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s A ----------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------

182
57
125

40 .0
4 0 .0
40 .0

72. 50
71.00
73 .50

-

-

-

-

-

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s B ----------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------P u b li c u t ilit ie s * ---------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e -------------------------------------------

.. 4 9 9
141
358
46
131

40 .0
40 .0
4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0

58 .00
57 . 50
58 . 50
65.50
54 .00

i
_

8
_

1
_

i

1
-

i

8
8

5
4
1
-

1

1

33
2
31
12

24
2
22
7

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A -----------------------------------N om n an u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------

41
41

39.5
39.5

60.00
60 .00

.

_

-

-

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------- ----------

243
53
190

39 .5
40 .0
39.5

46.50
52 .00
45.00

_
_

■

-

H

;
!
|

10
5

3
1

2

11

-

-

;

i

:

1

-

i
|

i

_

_

21

23
23

-

-

-

*

_

_

_

_

21
-

-

33
-

56

33

56

-

-

58
1
57
5

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

55
4

36
3
33
«

70
12
58
4

59
17
42
11

37
17
20
2

3
3

2
2

13
3
10

33
17
16
1
8

54
12
42
1
26

36
16
20
4

1

6
6

3
3

"

8
8

3
2
1

2
1

_
-

2
2

8
8

-

1
1

7
1
6
5

63
26
37
15

54
13
41
1
20

69
28
41

1
1

8
8

11
11

35
6
29

12
2
10

17
8
9

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

17
_

36
.

29

11
_

17

36

29

49
15
34

21
11
10

11

55

-

b

13

j
;

1
9
6
3

'
!

i

16
3
13

20
1
19

-

2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

30

2
2

____ 2 _
5
4

-

1

13

1

!

13
33
7
26
14
11

24
10
14

1

13
8
5
!
j

!

1
|

3
27
23
2
21
14

2

-

6
3
3

!
i

33
-

_
-

i
j

1

_
-

i
i

'

1

33

i
i

1

_
-

1
-

-

1

1
_
-

|
!

!

!

17
10
7

j

'
;

3
3
-

6

j

-

39
15
24

-

|

-

1

i
j
!

-

20 J____ =
1 !
19 j
-

1
I

_

_
1
j
|

i
i

|

i

1

‘

-

-

:

i

!
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

!
i

S e e f o o tn o te at en d o f t a b le .
O c c u p a t io n a l W age S u r v e y , P o r tla n d , O r e g . , A p r il 19 5 5
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R




B u re a u o f l a b o r S t a t is tic s

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in P o r t la n d , O r e g . , b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , A p r i l 1955)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G S T R A I G H T -T I M E W E E K L Y E A R N I N G S O F —

W eek ly
hours
(Standard)

W eek ly
earnings
(Standard)

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
If
!$
|$
is
S
!s
$
$
;$
$
IS
4 0 .0 0 1 4 2 . 50 4 5 . 00 4 7 . 50 50. 00 5 2 . 50 ; 55. 00 ; 57. 50 6 0 .0 0 6 2 .5 0 65. 00 - 6 7 . 50 |70 . 00 j 7 2 .5 0 $7 5 .0 0 | 8 0 .0 0 !$ 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 1 9 5 .0 0
8
! .
, 1 and
j
4 2 . 5 0 ) 4 5 . 0 0 4.7, 5.0 5 Q.-QH 52. 50 I 55. 00 157. 50.1.60. 00 j 62. 50 ! 65. 00 6l
2,_50_L70j_00_!_72_._50 { 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 : 8 5 . 0 0 i9 0 . 00 9 5 .0 0
over

o
o
r-

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

,$
!$
U n d e r i 3 5 . QOI 3 7 .5 0
i and j
*
junder |
3 5 . 00) -^7_ SQj 4 0 . 00

W om en - C on tin u ed
|
C l e r k s , o r d e r ------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------------ ----------------------C l e r k s , p a y r o l l -----------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s * ----------------------------------R e t a il tr a d e -----------------------------------------C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------R e t a il tr a d e -----------------------------------------D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(m im e o g r a p h o r d i t t o ) --------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------

104
31
73
283
108
175
49
66
490
135
355
129

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

-

5 7 .0 0
5 7 .0 0

1

_
-

_
-

-

-

2
2
2

-

1
_
1
1

1
1
1

6 2 .5 0
6 3 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
67 . 50
56. 50
5 7 .5 0
58. 50
5 7 .0 0
! 5 6 .5 0

-

1
1
_

4
_
4
2

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 1 .5 0
5 0 .0 0

-

-

3
3

K e y -p u n c h o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------

255
60
195

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 7 .0 0
5 7 .0 0
5 7 .0 0

1
1

2
_
2

6
_
6

7
7

O ff ic e g i r l s ------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------

135
27
108

-3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

4 2 .0 0
4 5 .0 0
4 1 .0 0

6
1
5

16
2
14

21
2
19

39
1

S e c r e t a r i e s ------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s * ----------------------------------R e t a il tra d e ------------------------------------------

482
159
323
82
58

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 2 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
6 3 .5 0

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

-

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g --------- —------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ----------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------------

896
246
650
99
56

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39. 5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 8 .5 0
6 0 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
5 0 .5 0

5
_
5
_
5

-

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ---------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ----------------------------------R e t a il tra d e -----------------------------------------

183
168
38
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

5 2 .5 0
5 2 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
4 8 .0 0

_

_
.

_
.

-

-

-

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s - r e c e p t i o n i s t s -------M a n u fa ctu rin g -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ------------------------------------------

252
98
154
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

5 5 .0 0
5 7 .0 0
5 3 .5 0
4 7 .0 0

6
6

-

2
2
-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ----------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------

44

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 8 .5 0
5 7 .0 0

2
2

-

-

_

6

-

1
1

5
5
_
5

40

29
2
27
6

40
i

14

_
!
i

10

I
i
i

5
5
l
3

1
;

15
8
7
22
3
19
1
5

18 | . 50
10 ! 16
3 | 34
3

i
1

21 ! 43
15 1 2 7
6 i 16
1
i
4 | 12
120
13
107
9
1 ! 72
i

29
20

i
i
1
i
j
!
i
1
j

1
|
|

36
8
28

21 ;
6 .

26
13

!

1
1
-

3
2
1

-

8
3
5
1
-

7
2
5
5

46
5
41
9

97
34
63
1
1

44
1
43
13
5

8
8
_
2

18
18
2
4

41
40
2
5

29
11
18
11

26
15
11
1

38

5
1
4

2 ;
2

_
-

_
_

_

4
4
-

4
1
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

8
_
8
_
8

41
41
_
8

37
9
28
1
4

22
22
.
1

15
15
.
9

13

12

13

-

-

12
5

_

2

4

2

4

5 1
5

2
2

16 ! i o
2
11
5 1
8
12

3
9

L
!

!
1

15 1 13
2 |
2 |
-

!
i
i
i

14 ;

3

'

2

|

27 !
16
11 j
3
6
1
15 i
10 !
5 !
5
1

3
34
15
19

!
i
!
]

6
5
1

9
5 j
4 j

-

j
i

*
13
4
9

|

_
!

|

25

!
1 !
24 1

i
l
-

I
-

8
5
3
l

.
i
1
4
j--------~
|

i
"

|

15

-

31
3
28
2
1

i
i
;
1

5

,
-

l
i
I
;
!
1
i
|

4
-

9
7
2
2
20
2
18
-

j

j

i

;
j

-

_
-

6

7
1
6

-

-

_
-

_
- !

-

-

33
13
20
3

!

55

i

25
30
7
1

45
10
35
14
-

18
9
9
1

22
8
14
-

5
5
5

4
4
4

6
6
6

1
1
1

-

*

-

4
4
-

5
4
1

2
2
-

“

-

-

-

3
1

3
3

3
2

2

123
29
94
13
7

69
20
49
12
6

63
14
49
8
2

24
16
4
4

15
10
7

6
5
1

5
5
5

"

-

13
13
1
1

-

26
9
17
17

11
4
7

30
1020

19
12
7

-

-

25
9
16
1

L .21
14
7

-

13
2
11
1

2

6

4

2

_

'

'

!

1

-

!

-

118
50
68
19
-

i

-

-

_ i

_

■

_
_

_

*

76
36
40
IS
2

100
32
68
8
-

i

_
_

i

;

_
-

41
5
36
15
-

1
1
i
1

i

!

|

50
8
42
5
4

39
18
21
4
3

_

2
1
-

-

2
12

_

!

1 .... 2

14

1
1
!
|

45
11
34
8
1°

\

-

.

i

1
1

6

!

i
j

2 !
1 '
1
1

!

_
_
-

i
i
!
,

_
-

_
-

8
8
1

ii
li
7
.1

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

_
_
_

_

-

-

14
4
10
10
-

_
-

j
|

24
9
15
8
~

5
_
5
2
-

i

19
6
13
8

|

42 !
10
32 •
27 !
5

18
10
4

1 1
1 :
20 i
5

i
i

41
16
25
2
7

!

4
_
4

3

55
12
43
3
18

2

2 !

3

5
9

3
3

3

S ee fo o tn o te a t en d o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .

|
1

5 !

4
1
3

38
6
32

12

12

50 J 46
i 19
34 j 27
12 |
7

1
1
;
r
,
!
j

|
io
5

1

28
12
16

I
1

13
4
9
1
5

i
1
1

3
3

j
i
1

l

j
!

25 ;
4 !
21
2
13

36
7
29

3 !
-

8
2
6

8
8

i
i
!
!

9
2
7

5
4

i
i

1
!

L
i
|

3
3

3
3

'



2
_
2

1
1
_
1

1

38
33

27

4
4

1

-

!
i

-

-

_

1

1

1
;

_
-

!
i
!

S
!

.
;

-

_
“

!

;

-

!

!

22

I

-

!

1
1

-

i
i

-

1
1

i

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s i s
in P o r t l a n d , O r e g , , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A p r i l 195 5)
N U M B E R O P W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G S T R A I G H T -T I M E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F —

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

N u m b er
of
workers

W eekly
hours
(Standard)

W eek ly
earnings
(Standard)

$
U nder 3 5 .0 0
an d
$
3 5 .0 0 under
3 7 .5 0

IT

ir

i
!$
$
■
$
$
$
Is
;$
$
$
| s
i s
It
i 37.. 5 0 140., 00 j 42 .,50 145.,00 47..5 0 50.,0 0 52.,50 |55.,00 57,,50 j 60.,00 ,62.,5 0 65 .,00 '6 7 ..5 0 7 0 .,00
i
|
j
1
i
!
1
i
1 *
*
i
!
i
1 40..0 0 42.,5 0 1 4 5 .,0 0 1 4 7 .,50 50..00 152.,5 0 i 55,,00 157,,50 60 , L l& L ,_50ji>5.uGQ00
JJL

1
$
$
72.,50 75 .,0 0
;
■
*75,, 00 8 0 . on

is
$
80.,00 85.,00 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0
and
i
'
9
Ifts.
1 0 ,,00 > 5 .0 0 o v e r

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d

$

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l ____________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _______________

JJL.
53
119

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

5 5 .0 0
59.- 50
5 3 .5 0

T y p is t s , c l a s s A ___________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _______________

2b6
45
221

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

5 7 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
5 6 .0 0

T y p is t s , c l a s s B ______
M a n u f a c t u r in g ______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g __
P u b li c u t i l i t i e s * .
R e t a il tr a d e _____

562
126
436
79
95

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 0 .0 0
5 3 .5 0
4 8 .5 0
5 4 .5 0
4 5 .0 0

16 1 22
5
17

22 I

10
12

4

-

|

-

j

-

;

14

_

14
_
12

!
1
j

11

-

! 32
s
j 32

1

j

1

4

35
1
34
2
16

12
12

82
11
71
6
13

4

33
4
29
4

19 !
- i
19

-

-

j

;

71
13
58
6
8

28 i 36
3 1
7
2 5 ; 29
|

137
40
97
| 27

i
!
i

,
i

!

!
1
*

10

25

16

1
6

!
1
!

14
4

27
6
21

:
i
:

31
8
23

1 27
6
21

35

:

16
3
13
3
4

17
6
11
1

30
18
12
10
2

30
li
19
8
2

59
3
56

15
20
1
4

9
3 1
6

5
3
2

;
;
;

2 !
2 j

_
_

17
4
13
13

2

;

_

_
_

j
|

!

i
i

2
-

i
!

I
!
>

1
i

-

_
_

i

_

_

!

I

_

_
_ .

-

.

• i
|

j

H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r ie s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d t o th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .

Table A -2: Professional and Technical O ccupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s i s
in P o r t l a n d , O r e g . , b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , A p r i l 1 95 5)
N U M B E R O P W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G S T R A I G H T -T I M E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O P—

A verag e

i ---------------

$
b
:$
7 0 .0 0 7 2 .5 0 7 5 .0 0 |8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0

7 2 .5 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 00 .00 1 0 5 .0 0 lllO .0 0 115.00

o

O
r-

5 5 .0 0
and
under
5 7 .5 0 6 0 .0 0 6 2 .5 0 6 5 , 0 0 6 7 .5 0

o

W eek ly
earnings
(Standard)

$
$
5 7 .5 0 6 0 .0 0 6 2 . 5 0 6 5 .0 0

©

W eekly
hours
(Standard)

IT)

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
workers

Is

$
$
|
s
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 U 0 5 .0 0 110.00

M en
D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r
M a n u fa c tu r i n g ___________________________
D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r
M a n u fa c tu r in g

„ „

113
104

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
9 4 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

-

-

-

39
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 6 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

14
12

14
13

33
29

2
2

3
1

1
1

3
-

7
7

12
11

9
5

2
2

-

4
3

5
4

5
4

2
2

5
3

1
1

4
3

1
1

15
15

"

22
22

-

7
7

5
5

-

-

|
W om en
N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) _________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_




1
36
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 0 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

1

8
8

"
'

i

! ------ T T
l
_ '

'
i

2

i

6
3
3

i
1

'
__________

i

H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r ie s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d t o th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , P o r t la n d , O r e g . , A p r i l 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is tic s

_

_

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in P o r t la n d , O r e g . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A p r i l 1955)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A I G H T -T I M E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S O F —

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

$
U nder 1 .4 5
and
$
1 .4 5 u n d e r
1. 50 1 .5 5

Average
hourly
earnings

160
114
46
25

$
2.
2.
2.
2.

E l e c t r ic i a n s , m a in te n a n c e __________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________

283
257
26

2. 38
2 .3 5
2. 61

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y ____________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________

254
200
54

2. 25
2. z 6
2. 21

F ir e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r ______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________

134
126

2. 03
2. 02

-

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n c e __________
M a n u fa ctu rin g

236
200

1. 94
1 .9 3

«.

M aohinfi-tnnl o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m _ . _
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________

43
43

214
191

2 .3 5
2 .3 6

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n c e ) —
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________ —
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ____________________

544
105
439
347

2. 23
2 .2 3
2. 24
2. 25

M e c h a n ic s , m a i n t e n a n c e __________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________

376
351
25

2. 26
2. 27
2. 20

M illw r ig h ts _________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________

151
151

2. 29
2. 29

O il e r s
_
_ .
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________

99
91

1. 93
1 .9 0

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n c e
__
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________ __________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
____________________

108
76
32

2 .3 2
2 .3 2
2. 33

P i p e f it t e r s , m a in te n a n c e ____________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________

89
83
30
30

$
1. 65

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .7 5

$
1. 80

$
1 .8 5

$
1 .9 0

$
1 .9 5

$
2. 00

$
2. 05

$
$
$
$
$
$
2. 10 2. 15 2. 20 2. 25 2. 30 2 . 3 5

1 .6 0

1. 65

1 .7 0

1 .7 5

1. 80

1. 85

1 .9 0

1 .9 5

2 . 00

2. 05

2. 10

2. 15

2. 29
2 .3 1

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s ___________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________

$
1. 60

2. 28
2. 28

M a c h in is ts , m a in te n a n c e _________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________ -

$
1. 55

2. 50
2. 50

C a r p e n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e _________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
--------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _________________________

1
*

38
34
47
30

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

_

_

_

-

16
16

”

10
10

■

1
1

8
8

_

6
4
2
2

2
_

2
2

2
1
1

4
4
“

12
8
4

_

2 . 25

2 .3 0

2. 35

2. 4 0

14
14

24
12
12
12

18
18
-

16
15
1
1

7
7
■

47
47
"

52
52
"

76
76
”

-

$
2 .4 5

$
$
|i-------- $
2. 50 2. 60 |2. 70 2. 80

2 .4 5

2. 50

2. 60

4
4
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

~

"

"

“

"

”

1
1
"

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_
-

2
2

_
-

40
40

-

12
12

43
9
34

3
3
-

89
69
20

36
36
-

-

„

9
9

_

_

2
2

_

8
8

29
28

34
34

18
18

10
10

5
-

4
4

4
4

i

-

|

-

.
_

8
8

2
2

10
10

12
12

7
7

34
34

70
70

25
_

27
23

9
7

2

13
12

17
15

_
.

_
_

_
_

6

_

6

-

19
19

6
6

12
12

-

_

-

-

1
-

5
4
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

8
8

"

12
9

10
-

3
3

23
23

67
6l

48
48

6
6

_

_
-

_
“

_
~

~

“

_
-

1
1
1

"

8
8
"

_
-

_
"

10
10
1

_
-

13
5
8
8

87
87
37

4
4
1

370
77
293
275

26
12
14
14

6
3
3
3

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

2
2

40
40
-

6
6
-

9
7
2

12
12
-

19
'8
11

4
4
-

24
24
-

97
97
-

24
18
6

84
84
-

_

18
18

_

2
2

_

10
10

59
59

62
62

12
12

2
1

1
1
-

9

4

9

4

4
4

4

2

"

-

_

4
4

6
6

_

_

_

_
-

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

_

1
1

6
6

_

-

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

“

-

-

-

31
31

2
-

2

18
18

-

12
12

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

| 12

16
16
-

!

6
6
-

-

_

-

-

-

_

.
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

22
22

4
-

8
8

2
2

.2 _

10

9
-

10
7

_
-

_
"

•

36
36
-

2
2

7
7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
8
11

_

_

_

-

-

-

4
4
-

8
8
-

18
16

2

33
33
"

2
2
*
*

-

-

19
19

37
37

23
23

-

-

-

_

_

24
24

_

1 _—
—

21
14
7

_

-

6
6

12

-

26
26
*

1 18

_ ■
-

-

_

7
-

22
19
3
-

i 26
'
8

-

and
over

2

_
-

_

4
4
-

2
2
“

_

_

-

1

-

’

8
8

_

_

8
_

1 ‘
2 . 7 0 12. 80

_

-

5
5

_

-

2
-

_

-

4
4

_

-

.

Excludes prem iu m pay for overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
Transportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilities.




..

2. 20

$
2 .4 0

_

_

_

j

[
|
!

3
3

-

1
-

1

-

-

-

_

_

O ccupational W age Su rvey, Portland, O r e g ., A p ril 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B ureau of Labor S tatistics

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s 2 s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in P o r t la n d , O r e g . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A p r i l 1955)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G S T R A I G H T -T I M E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S O F —

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

$
T ------- 3
[»
[*
U n d e r jl. 00 !1 .0 5 1. 10 1. 15 1. 20
$
i and ! 1 .0 0 !under;
______ I.LQ5.i 1 ,1 .0 - L 15 i . 2 0 _ 1 .2 5

$
1 .2 5

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .3 5

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .4 5

$
$
1 .5 0 ! 1. 55
i
i

$
1. 60

$
1. 65

$
1 .7 0

$
|
$
S
1
is
1
*
1 .7 5 ! 1. 80 1. 85 1 .9 0 1 .9 5

1 .3 0

1 ,3 5

1- 40

1. 45

1 .5 0

1. 55

1. 60

1 .6 5

1 .7 0

1 .7 5

1. 80

2
2

14
14

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_ i

— |

10

4

_

_

_

_

_

14

4

_

_

_ i

81
63
18
5

21
15
6
5

16
16
■

57
15
42
2

43
43
-

166
143
23

4
1
3

4
4
-

-

1
1
-

-

_
_

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

22
22
-

1
1
1
-

_
_
-

-

128
128
71

$
1. 09
1 .0 9
1 .0 4

G u a r d s _______________________________________

32

1 .7 9

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(m e n ) -----------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________ __ __
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________
R e t a il t r a d e __________________________

1 ,0 4 3
474
569
206

1 .4 9
1 .6 2
1 .3 7
1 .3 3

20
20
6

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , an d c l e a n e r s
(w o m e n ) ____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________

135
115

1 .3 0
1 .2 9

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ____________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ------ -------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________
P u b li c u t ilit ie s * _____________________
___________ _____________
R e ta il tra d e

1 ,0 9 7
424
673
237
120

1. 85
1. 84
1. 85
1 .9 6
1. 64

O r d e r f i l l e r s __________ ________ _____________
M a n u f a c t u r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------- -------- ---------------R e t a il t r a d e .................................. ............

793
155
638
175

1.
1.
1.
1.

P a c k e r s , s h i p p i n g ----------------------------------- --M a n u f a c t u r in g -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ----------------------------------

384
78
306

1. 77
1 .7 1
1 .7 8

"

“

R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ___________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _______________ _________

122
36
86
42

1 .8 8
2. 02
1. 83
1 .7 8

_

_

-

-

-

S h ip p in g c l e r k s _____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
--------------------------------

141
66
75

1 .9 3
1 .9 3
1 .9 3

S h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s .....................
M a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________
R e t a il t r a d e ____________ _____ ________

148
65
83
35

1 .9 5
1 .9 2
1 .9 8
1. 88

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d e r I V 2 t o n s ) ___
M a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g „ — .................................

112
83
29

1 .8 8
1 .9 0
1. 85

41
^41
28

18
18

32
32
32

’

1
1
1

-

10
10
10

-

8
8

and
i over

|

5
“

20
20
6

23
23
"

28
12
16
16

18
18
15

59
59
28

151
2
149
54

62
4
58
17

84
29
55
38

141
118
23
8

39
24
15
6

6
6

-

1

7
7

28
28

39
30

17
9

2
2

16
16

6
6

-

1

2
2

_

-

-

-

6
6

1
-

4
2

_
-

_
-

i
1

2
2

5
5

_
-

_
-

4
4

14
14

5
5

25
14
11

“

-

2

5

-

-

-

14

5

-

18
12
6
_
6

22
14
8
_
8

41
25
16
_
16

60
34
26
_
5

237
16
221
_
38

207
168
39
_

“

9
2
7
1
6

9

100
26
74
68
6

1

1

1

-

-

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

2
2

-

-

2
2

-

20
6
14
4

10
10
-

6
6
6

1
1
1

14
14
14

236
44
192
-

254
254
69

1
1

3
3

1
1

6
6
-

2
2

_

_

12
12
-

3
3

3
2
1

_

_

-

4
4

-

-

10
10
-

158
34
124

1

-

-

3
-

3
2
1
1

1
1
1

4
4
4

2
2
2

6
6
6

5

_

-

I

2

2

3
-

|
!

-

-

-

-

3
-

3
3

-

1
1

18
14
4

I

i
-

-

-

_
-

|

j
|

-

!
!

•

-

-

i
|

_
-

"

”

1
1

-

4
4
-

5

-

i
j

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

_
_

4
_
4

_
_

_
_

-

_
_

5
5
5
5

-

-

-

_

_
_

_
_

-

_
_

6
6

_
_

See footnotes at end of tab le.
r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilities.

_

j

-

_

64
17
47
15
-

38
38
_

-

168
30
138
138
-

-

54
40
14
14
-

34
1
33
24

38
6
32
21

76
73
3
3

62
5
57
24

11
11
-

24
20
4
2

168
4
164

3
3

5
5
-

_
-

5
5
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

-

-

27
4
23
17

39
2
37
2

3
3

6
6

-

27
5
22

10
6
4

15
15
-

_
_

6
6

_
“

-

6
2
4

_

-

-

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

7
7
-

1
1
-

-

-

15
10
5
5

-

-

-

-

33
4
29

16
16
"

5
3
2

15
5
10

2
2

15
13
2

_

21
7
14
7

21
4
17
11

2
2
-

47
19
28

i
!

-

12

!
i

18
18

12
12

25
24
1

23
16
7

“
2
2
-

!
1 j
1 m
- i
_
7
6
1

i
8 ] 14
!
!
2
3 | 12
!
- 1 _
j

_

i
_
•
;

i

I

i
* Transportation (excluding



i
is
i2. 40

i

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(w o m e n ) —__________________________________
N o r im a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________
R e t a il tr a d e __________________________

85
94
83
83

1. 85 j 1- 90

$
is
($
li-------- !
2 .0 0 j 2. 10 2 .2 0 ;2. 30
j
i “
I
12.30 12.40
1. 95 !2. 00 2. 10

Occupational W age Survey, Portland, O r e g ., Ap ril 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF LABO R
Bureau of Labor Statistics

Table A-4:

Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations - Continued 1

( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s 2 s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
in P o r t la n d , O r e g . , b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A p r i l 1955)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A I G H T -T I M E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S O F —

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m ( lV a t o and
in c lu d in g 4 ton s)
________________________
iMng
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ____________________
R e t a il tr a d e
________________________
T r u c k d riv e r s , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a il e r type)
__ ...
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________
N onm a n u fac tu r in g
____________________

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

$
$
$
U n der 1 .0 0 1. 05 1. 10
and
$
1 .0 0 u n d e r
1 .0 5 1 .1 0 1. 15

1. 15

1 .2 0

1 .2 5

1 .3 0

1 .3 5

1 .4 0

1 .4 5

1. 50

$
1. 55

1 .2 0

1 .2 5

1 .3 0

1 .3 5

1 .4 0

1 -4 5

1 .5 0

1 .5 5

1 .6 0

$

$

$

2. 10

77 6
Ci
749
699
50

234
57
177

32

12
12

30
14
16

226
226
223

99
46
53

$

1 .7 0

1 .7 5

$
$
1. 80 1 .8 5

$
1 .9 0

1. 65

1 .7 0

1 .7 5

1. 80

1. 85

1. 90

1. 95

12

_

74
O
c

12

-

72
72

2. 18
2. 20
2. 15

i
i

$

51
23
28
28

|

24
24

2 . 20

2 . 20

2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

2 . 30

I

2 .4 0

and
over

1 99
68
31
-

_
-

s

*

-

_

-

30
71
Lx
9
9

-

92

-

-

-

178
92
86

88
82
6

72
5
67

4

4

10
10

28
8
20

4

I
|

-

“

23
23
-

i

T r u c k d riv e r s , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s,
o th e r than t r a i l e r t y p e ) ______ _________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________ _____________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ____________________

385
82
303
231

2. 04
2. 17
2. 00
1 .9 6

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( fo r k lift ) _______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________

30 8
210
98

1 .9 4
1 .9 3
1 .9 5

W a tch m en
.....
...
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________
R
e
t’ra ad p i l
t

247
182
65
26

1.
1.
1.
1.

59
63
47
30

_
-

1

1

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

_

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

_
-

“

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

18

-

8
8

24
24

12
12

70
27
43

60
35
25

80
80

37
37

3
3

34
34

_

-

-

-

18

1

7

.
.

6

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

7
7

-

6

-

1
1

13
12
1

35
27
8
8

5
4
1

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la t e s h ift s .
2 D ata lim it e d t o m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
3 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o ll o w s : 8 at $ 0 . 80 to $ 0. 85; 6 at $ 0 . 85 t o $ 0 . 90 ; 11 at $ 0. 90 t o $ 0. 95;
* A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 2 . 50 to $ 2 . 60.
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .




2 . 00

$

1 .6 5

$

1 .9 8

1 .9 6
2. 01

$
$
2 . 00 2 . 10

$

10

$

1 .6 0

10

$

-

2 . 00
2 . 15

459
240
219

$

1 .9 5

32

$

1 .2 8 6
198
1, 088
808
142

$

$

14
5
9
7

15
9
6

11
11

23
23

-

-

16 at $ 0. 95 t o $ 1.

-

1

-

7
4
3

-

1
1

6
6

1

-

-

_
'
-

31
10
21
2

i

4

i
i

16
16
-

-

-

29
14
15

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

_

9

6: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l: Shift Differential Provisions 1
1
P e r c e n t o f m anu facturing plant w o r k e r s —
(b)

(a)

In esta b lish m en ts having
fo r m a l p r o v is io n s fo r —

T o t a l ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

8 9 .4

W ith sh ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l-------------------------------------------------------

81. 1

U n iform cen ts (per h o u r )----------------------------------------------------

55. 7

3 c e n t s -------------------- --------------------------------------------------------4 c e n t s --------------------- ----------------- -------------------------------------

T h ird o r oth er
sh ift w o rk

S econd sh ift

T h ird o r other
shift

cn

S econd sh ift
w ork

A ctu a lly w ork in g on—

00

Shift d iffe re n tia l

1 7 .4

9 .0

8 3 .2

1 5 .0

8 .5

4 7 .4

12. 1

7 .1

_

6 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------l l!z c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

2 .5
. 7
G 7
O f
*
20. 5
.
4 .0

9 ce n ts ---------------------------------------------------------------------------1 0 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 0 and under 15 c e n t s ----------------------------------------- 15 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

.5
13. 1
2. 7
3 .0

•L
o.
1 6 .8
1.2
3 .3
1 J
£,» -2
6.6
4 .4
1 2 .3

U n iform p e rc e n ta g e -----------------------------------------------------------

4 .3

1 0 p e r c e n t ----------------------------------------------------------------------15 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------------------------------

4 .3
•

F u ll d a y ’ s p a y fo r redu ced h o u r s -------------------------------------F u ll d a y ! s p a y fo r redu ced h ou rs plus cents
d if f e r ential — — — — —-----------------------------------------------------O ther -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2.2
1 5 .4
3 .5

N o sh ift p a y d iffe r e n tia l ----------------------------------------------------------

8 .3

2 .5

.5
.3
Q
•7

_
-

. 1
2 .4
1.0
1.1

2.8
.4
5
l! 3
.3
1.8

4 .9

.5

. 1

3 .4
1 .5

.5
~

. 1
~

5 .9

.2

.6

1 9 .2
5 .9

1. 7
.5

.3
.4

2 .4

.5

4. 7
.
1. 1

1 Shift d iffe r e n tia l data a re p resen ted in te rm s o f (a) esta b lish m en t p o lic y , and (b) w o r k e r s a ctu a lly em p loy ed on late
sh ifts at the tim e o f the su rv e y . An establish m en t was c o n s id e r e d as having a p o lic y if it m et eith er o f the fo llo w in g c o n d i­
tio n s: ( l ) O p era ted late shifts at the tim e o f the su rv e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g late sh ifts .




O ccu p ation al W age S u rv ey , P ortla n d , Or eg . , A p r il 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B ureau o f L a b or S ta tistics

10

Table B-2: Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers 1
N u m b e r o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m h i r i n g r a t e in

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m r a t e
(w e e k ly s a la r y )

B a s e d o n s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d .

144

60

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

XXX

F O R IN E X P E R IE N C E D

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ___________

61

21

_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________

4
2
3
20

_

$32.
$ 35.
$37.
$40.
$42.
$45.
$47.
$50.
$52.
$55.
$57.

50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$35.
$ 37.
$40.
$42.
$45.
$47.
$50.
$52.
$55.
$57.
$60.

00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s w it h s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m h i r in g r a t e in —

21

84

M a n u fa c t u r in g

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

XXX

144

T Y P IS T S

XXX

33

58

20

20

38

34

3
2
3
9
3
4
1
3
4
1

1

1

4
3
6
7
4
4
1
7
1
1

3
3
6
4
4
4
1
7
1
1

9
8
2
6
4
2
1

-

-

_________

40

15

XXX

25

XXX

E s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h i s c a t e g o r y
_______________________________________________

42

24

XXX

18

D a t a n o t a v a i l a b l e ________________________________________________

1

XXX

1

-

-

-

3
6
2
1
3
1
1
2

3
6
2
1
3
1
1
2

-

-

39

14

XXX

25

XXX

XXX

46

26

XXX

20

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

1

XXX

L o w e s t s a la r y ra te fo r m a l ly e s t a b lis h e d f o r h ir in g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s f o r ty p in g o r o th e r c l e r i c a l jo b s .
H o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r i e s .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d ,




84

4
2
3
12
4
5
1
4
4
1

8
5
3
1
2
1
1

1
2

XXX

40

40

8
5
3
1
2
1
1

E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m in im u m

60

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

F O R O T H E R IN E X P E R IE N C E D C L E R IC A L W O R K E R S

5
3
6
10
10
6
2
10
2
2
2

-

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on s ta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—

a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n w o r k w e e k s .

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , P o r t la n d , O r e g . , A p r i l 1 9 5 5
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tics

11

Table B-3i Frequency of W age Payment
PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
F re q u e n cy o f paym ent
An
industries 1
*

A ll w o r k e r s

__

_

_

_ _

_

Finance

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

17
13
59
12

B i w e e k l y ______ __ ______ __ __ __ __ __ __
____
S e m i m o n t h l y __
_________
____
M o n t h l y _______ ____ ______ ___ _______________ ____________ ____
O t h e r i n t e r v a l s ___________________________________________

1

Retail trade

All
2
industries

100

w

A
*

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

36
13
41
10
A

15
40
42
3

40
3
54
3

43
26
29
3

53
31
11
5

15
39
47
_

38
3
59
_

A

A

A

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

sh ow n s e p a r a te ly .

Table B-4: Scheduled Weekly Hours
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

W e e k ly h o u r s
All
,
industries c

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________________
U n d e r 37V2 h o u r s
__
3 7 V2 h o u r s _______ _
O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s
4 0 h o u r s __
_
O ver 40 h ou rs _

_ .
_

.... _
_ .... . „

__
_

_
...

_ ___________
..........

100

9
6
84
A

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

100

100

5
.

A
A
96

95

A

A

Retail trade

Finance

100

_

3
94
4

All
industries 3

100

100

4
A
A
94
A

7
A
92

i ----------------------------1
3

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 2 .5 p e r c e n t .

*

T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a ilr o a d s ),

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

100

100

_
_

100

A
!

95
4

i ----------------------------

D a ta r e la t e to w o m e n w o r k e r s o n ly .

A

Manufacturing




c o m m u n ic a t io n ,

a n d o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .

sh ow n s e p a r a te ly .

_
, , Ir
„
,
,
_
„„„
O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y , P o r t la n d , O r e g . , A p r il 1955
U . S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

12

Table B-5: Paid Holiday Provisions 1
PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Item

A ll w o rk e r s

_ _ _ _ _

All
2
industries

_ _ _ _ _

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

All
3
industries

Finance

Public
utilities *

Manufacturing

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
-

100
-

A
51
34
14
A

A
72
25
A
-

99
-

85
A
A
A
54
23
4
-

83
3
A
48
30
A
-

85
-

29
-

98
98
_
-

31
33
21
-

92
8
84
-

A

A

15

17

15

8

N u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g p a i d
h o lid a y s _
_ ____
__ __ __ ______ __________ ___
2 days .
_,
_
_ _ _
3 days
5 d a y s ___ _
__ _
_
_ _______
6 days _
__
7 d a y s _______ __ __ __ ______ __ __ ______ ___
8 d a y s _______ _ _______ __ ._ ______________ ___
10 d a y s _________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g n o p a id h o lid a y s
____ _ _ __ __ ___________ _

A

32
38

P r o v is io n s fo r h o lid a y s o c c u r r in g
on n on w ork d a ys4
W ith p r o v i s i o n s f o r h o l id a y s f a llin g o n
S a tu rd a y
_
__
____
A n o t h e r d a y o f f w i t h p a y ______ ____ __ __ ___
E x t r a d a y ’ s p a y ______________________________________
O p tio n o f a n o th e r d a y o f f o r e x t r a
d a y 's p a y _ __ __________ ______ ______ __ _
P r o v i s i o n s d i f f e r f o r v a r i o u s h o l i d a y s ______
O t h e r p r o v i s i o n s __ __ ______ __ __ __ _______
S a tu rd a y is a s c h e d u le d w o r k d a y f o r a ll
w ork ers
_ _
__
_
_____
_____
N o p r o v is io n s (o r n o p a y ) fo r h o lid a y s
fa llin g o n S a tu rd a y _
________
W ith p r o v i s i o n s f o r h o l id a y s f a llin g o n
S u n d a y _____________ ________ ________________ __________ ___
A n o t h e r d a y o f f w i t h p a y _________________________
E x t r a d a y 's p a y ___ ___________________ ___________
O p tio n o f a n o th e r d a y o f f o r e x t r a
d a v ’ s p a y _________ __ __________ __ __ _______
P r o v i s i o n s d i f f e r f o r v a r i o u s h o l i d a y s ______
O t h e r p r o v i s i o n s _______ _
______ __ __ __ ___
S unday is a sc h e d u le d w o r k d a y fo r a ll
w ork ers
....
............. ..
N o p r o v is io n s (o r n o p a y ) fo r h o lid a y s
fa llin g o n S u n d ay
_
. ....
W ith p r o v i s i o n s f o r h o l id a y s f a ilin g
d u r in g v a c a t io n
__
_____
A n o t h e r d a y o f f w it h p a y
E x t r a d a y 's p a y
_
O p tio n o f a n o th e r d a y o f f o r e x t r a
d a y 's p a y
P r o v i s i o n s d i f f e r f o r v a r i o u s h o l i d a y s ______
O t h e r p r o v i s i o n s ___________________________________
N o p r o v is io n s (o r n o p a y ) fo r h o lid a y s
fa llin g d u r in g v a c a t io n

40
25
11

31
22
9

72
38
27

59
43
16

58
25
32

56
20
36

73
33
36

59
39
20

3
-

-

7
-

-

A
-

-

4
-

-

3

A

A

6

3

-

-

15

57

67

27

32

24

27

12

17

99
99
A

99
99
-

99
• 97
3

98
98
-

82
68
13

81
62
19

85
67
15

84
78
5

-

-

-

-

4
-

-

!!

A

-

A

A

A

-

-

-

-

1
F
1
1

A

A

-

!

77
66
4

78
69
7

95
69
9

74
43
7

75
43
25

79
41
34

21

ol
39
16

7

17

-

3
-

8
-

5
-

12
-

6
-

-

-

-

25
-

-

-

-

22

22

5

23

9

3

-

i
I

8

85
i
;
|
!

52

-

31

1 Estimates include only full-day holidays provided annually.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and rea l estate; and s e rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown, separately.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade; real estate, and serv ices in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Lim ited to p rovisions in establishm ents having a form al policy applying when holidays occu r on nonworkdays; some o f the estim ates would be slightly higher if p ra ctice s determ ined inform ally
as the situation o ccu rs were included.
A L ess than 2 .5 percent*
Occupational Wage Survey, Portland, O r e g ., A p ril 1955
*

T r a n sp o rta tio n (ex clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

13

Table B-6:

Paid Vacations

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
V a c a tio n p o lic y

All
industries

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________________

Public
utilities*

Manufacturing

Retail trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
All 2
industries

Finance

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100

100
100

100
100
-

100
100

99
95
5

99
91
9

100
100
_

100
100
_

A

A

A
85
A
12
A

A
86
A
8
3

68
_

98

32
_

A

-

-

-

47
14
37

54
24
19

28
_

30
70
_
_
-

M ETH O D O F PA YM EN T
W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s -------------------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t -----------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t -------------------- •
-----------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s ------------------------------------------------------

AM O UNT
A fte r

O F V A C A T IO N P A Y

A fte r 2 y e a r s

1
O
2
O
3
O

5 y ears

3
29
_

_

_

60
_

82
_

to

58
10

36
_

18
«

-

4

-

13
4
79
A
A
A

8
6
75
_

18
A
77

A
A
94
A
A
A

A
A




_

A

3

-

4

"

-

-

-

A
4
84

.

_

-

96

13
17
68
-

_

10

-

100
-

-

4

-

-

-

_

_

_

29

_

.
_

50
_

100
_
-

17

A

3

100
_

-

-

-

A
96
A
A

_

96

90
_

96
-

A
A
A

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le .
T r a n s p o r ta tio n

10

72
_
_

A
94
A
3

.

_

100
_
_

100
_

of s e r v ic e

w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------

*

12
_
88
_
_

o f s e r v ic e

w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------A fte r

1
2
O
3
O

3 y ears

A
37
_

of se r v ic e

w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------A fte r

-

1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e

L e s s t h a n 1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------

1
O
2
O
3
O

-

10

100

c o m m u n ic a t io n ,

-

4

O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,

(e x c lu d in g r a ilr o a d s ),

-

a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .

P o r t la n d ,

O r e g . , A p r il 19*5
U .S .

DEPARTM EN T OF LABOR
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

NOTE:

In th e t a b u l a t i o n s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e " , s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e
o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .

14

Table B-6:

Paid Vacations - Continued
PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN —

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
V a c a tio n p o lic y

All
industries1

A l l w o r k e r s , -----------------------------------------------------------------

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Retail trade

All
,
industries*

Finance

100

100

100

100

100

84
A
14
A

82

63

100

18

33
4

*

90
A
8

Manufacturing

100

Public
utilities*

Retail trade

100

100

69

100

- C o n tin u e d

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

A

1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------ -----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------A fte r

15 y e a r s

_

_

_

A
90
A

_

31

-

_

of s e r v ic e

1
2
O
3
O
4

w e e k ________________________________________________________
w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------- ---------v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------w e e k s a n d o v e r -------------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
O
3
O
4

w e e k ________________________________________________________
w e e k s --------------------------------------------------— --------- -—— —
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------w e e k s a n d o v e r -----------------------------------------------------------------

_
38
A
60
A
A

_
47
3
51

_
-

_

.

24

57

_

A
59
A
38

_

72
4

43

_

_

-

-

A
59
A
37

_
-

_
33

72

67

28

_

_

_
-

„
-

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

A fte r 25 y e a r s
1
2
O
3
O

4

_

_

_

37
3
56

24

57

A
66

43

42

A
3

72
4

A
52
A
44

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

30

37

24

57

72

57

72

12
_
30

A
52
A
43

33

54
A
15

A
56
A
37

67

_

30

_

-

4

7

i
__________________ I
2

A

_
33

72

-

_

67

? 8

of s e r v ic e

w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 weeks -------------------------------w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------w e e k s a n d o v e r -------------------------------------------------------

A
*

A
56

-

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 2 . 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a il r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




!

-

!
i
sh ow n s e p a r a te ly .

-

A

9

I
I
j

-

19

15

APPENDIX: JOB DESCRIPTIONS

T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g j o b d e s c r ip t i o n s f o r the B u r e a u ’ s w a g e s u r v e y s is to
a s s i s t its f ie ld s t a ff in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r
a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s an d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t
an d f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is is e s s e n t ia l in o r d e r to p e r m i t th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e
r a t e s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and
in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ili t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u ’ s jo b d e s c r ip t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i ­
c a n tly f r o m th o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In
a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u ’ s f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s a r e in s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w o r k ­
in g s u p e r v i s o r s , a p p r e n t i c e s , l e a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , t r a i n e e s , h a n d ic a p p e d w o r k e r s ,
p a r t -t im e ,
t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

Office
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and in v o i c e s o n a m a c h in e o th e r
than an o r d i n a r y o r e i e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r . M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s
a s to b i llin g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in ­
c id e n t a l to b illin g o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s ,
m a c h in e , a r e c l a s s i f i e d by ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o l l o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) - U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g
m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E llio t t F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h
a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g an d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and
i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ’ p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d
o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e t c .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n
o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d is c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s an d e n t r y o f
n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n ot b e c o m p u t e d o n the
b i llin g m a c h in e , a n d to t a ls w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e d
b y m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b e r o f
c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d an d is o fte n d o n e on a
fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) - U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e (S u n d s tra n d , E llio t t F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h
m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ’
b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le o p e r a t io n .
G e n e r a l ly
i n v o l v e s th e s im u lt a n e o u s e n tr y o f fig u r e s on c u s to m e r s '* le d g e r
record .
T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s f ig u r e s on a
n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s an d c o m p u te s and u s u a lly p r in t s a u t o ­
m a t i c a l l y th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s .
D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n ifo r m an d s t a n d a r d ty p e s o f
s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l lio t t
F i s h e r , S u n d s tr a n d , B u r r o u g h s , N a tio n a l C a sh R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w it h ­
ou t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .




OPERATOR

- C on tin u ed

C l a s s A - K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f
an d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s and f a m ilia r i t y w ith
the s t r u c t u r e o f the p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e te r­
m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s an d d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d i t ite m s
to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d
r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , an d o t h e r r e c o r d s b y h an d.
C la s s B - K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s
o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir i n g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ’ a c c o u n t s (n ot in c lu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
u n d e r b i l l e r , m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in ­
v e n to ry c o n t r o l, e tc .
M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r ia l
b a la n c e s an d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r the a c c o u n tin g d e p a r tm e n t.
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A - U n d er g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t ­
a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r k e e p in g o n e o r m o r e s e c t io n s o f a c o m ­
p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to on e p h a s e o f an e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t ’ s b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .
W o r k in v o lv e s p o s tin g and b a la n c in g
s u b s id i a r y l e d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c ­
c o u n ts p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g an d c o d in g in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith
p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n ; r e q u ir e s ju d g m e n t and e x p e r ie n c e
in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s ig n a t io n s and a l lo c a t i o n s .
M a y a s s i s t in
p r e p a r in g , a d ju s t in g , a n d c l o s i n g jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ; m a y d ir e c t c la s s
B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .
C la s s B - U n d er s u p e r v i s io n , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s s u c h a s p o s t in g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s ,
a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ;
r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; p o s t in g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n t r o lle d
by g e n e ra l le d g e r s .
T h is j o b d o e s n ot r e q u ir e a k n o w le d g e o f
a c c o u n t in g an d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s bu t is fou n d in o f f i c e s in
w h ic h the m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t in g w o r k is s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c ­
tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .

16

CLERK,

FILE

C la ss A - R e s p o n s ib le fo r m aintain in g an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y ste m .
C la s s ifie s and in d e x e s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o r o th e r m a te r ia l;
m ay a ls o file this m a t e r ia l.
M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es
in con ju n ction w ith file s o r s u p e r v is e o th e rs in filin g and lo ca tin g
m a te ria l in the f i le s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c le r i c a l d u ties.
C la ss B - P e r fo r m s rou tin e filin g , u su a lly o f m a t e r ia l that
has a lrea d y b een c la s s ifie d , o r lo c a t e s o r a s s is t s in lo ca tin g m a ­
te r ia l in the fi le s . M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c le r i c a l d u ties.
C L E R K , ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s * o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y
m a il, p h one, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any co m b in a tio n o f the
fo llo w in g : Quoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m aking out an o r d e r sh eet
listin g the item s to m ak e up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and qu antities
o f ite m s on o r d e r sh eet; d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c tiv e d e ­
p artm en ts to be fille d .
M ay ch e c k with c r e d it d ep a rtm en t to d e t e r ­
m ine c r e d it rating o f c u s to m e r , a ck n ow led g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m
c u s to m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to se e that th ey h ave been fille d , k eep
file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e ck shipping in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l
orders.
CLERK ,

K E Y -P U N C H O P E R A T O R
U nder g e n e ra l su p e r v isio n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b ilit ie s , r e c o r d s accou ntin g and s ta t is tic a l data on tabulating c a r d s
b y punching a s e r ie s o f h o le s in the c a r d s in a s p e c ifie d s e q u e n ce ,
using an a lp h a b e tica l o r a n u m e rica l k e y -p u n ch m a c h in e , fo llo w in g
w ritte n in fo rm a tio n on r e c o r d s .
M ay d u p lica te c a r d s by u sin g the
d u plicatin g d e v ic e attached to m a ch in e .
K eep s fi le s o f punch c a r d s .
M ay v e r if y own w o rk o r w o rk o f o th e r s .
O F F IC E BOY OR GIRL
P e r fo r m s v a rio u s routine d u ties su ch as running e r r a n d s ,
op era tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ch in es such as s e a le r s o r m a i le r s , open in g
and d istrib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
SECRETARY
P e r fo r m s s e c r e t a r ia l and c le r i c a l d u ties fo r a s u p e r io r in an
a d m in istra tiv e o r ex ecu tiv e p o s itio n .
D u ties in clu d e m ak in g a p p oin t­
m en ts fo r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p eop le co m in g in to o f f ic e ; a n sw erin g
and m akin g phone c a lls ; handling p e r s o n a l and im p o rta n t o r c o n fi­
den tial m a il, and w ritin g rou tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on own in itia tiv e ;
taking d icta tio n (w here tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e is not u sed ) e ith e r in
shorthand o r b y stenotype o r s im ila r m a c h in e , and tr a n s c r ib in g d ic ta ­
tion o r the r e c o r d e d in fo rm a tio n re p r o d u c e d on a tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e .
M ay p r e p a r e sp e c ia l r e p o r ts o r m e m o ra n d a fo r in fo r m a tio n o f s u p e r io r .

PAYROLL
S T E N O G R A P H E R , G E N E RA L

C om putes w a g es o f com p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s ­
s a r y data on the p a y r o ll sh e e ts .
D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s *
earn in gs b a sed on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; p ostin g c a lc u la te d data
on p a y ro ll sh eet, show ing in fo rm a tio n su ch as w o r k e r ’ s n a m e, w ork in g
d a y s, tim e , ra te , d ed u ction s fo r in s u r a n c e , and tota l w a g es due.
M ay
m ake out pay ch e ck s and a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m aking up and d is ­
tributing pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a ca lcu la tin g m a ch in e .

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in shorthand o r by stenotype o r s im ila r m a c h in e , in v olv in g a
n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y , and to tr a n s c r ib e th is d icta tio n on a ty p e ­
w r it e r .
M a y a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y .
M a y a ls o set up and k eep
file s in o r d e r , k eep sim p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D o e s not in clu d e tr a n ­
s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w ork (s e e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r ).

C O M P TO M E T E R O P E R A T O R

S T E N O G R A P H E R , TECH N ICAL

P r im a r y duty is to o p e ra te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th e ­
m a tica l com p u ta tion s.
T his jo b is not to b e co n fu se d with that o f
s ta tistica l o r oth er type o f c le r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e freq u en t u se o f
a C om p tom eter bu t, in w h ich , u se o f this m a ch in e is in cid en ta l to
p e r fo r m a n c e o f oth er d u tie s.

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in shorthand o r b y stenotype o r s im ila r m a c h in e , in v olv in g a
v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s in le g a l b r ie f s o r
r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h and to t r a n s c r ib e th is d icta tion on a
ty p e w r ite r .
M ay a lsb type fr o m w ritten c o p y .
M a y a ls o se t up and
k eep file s in o r d e r , k eep sim p le r e c o r d s , e t c .
D o e s not in clu d e
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o rk .

D U P LIC A TIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM EOG RAPH OR D IT T O )
SW ITCH B O A R D O PE R A TO R
Under g e n e ra l s u p e r v is io n and with no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit ie s , r e p r o d u c e s m u ltip le c o p ie s o f ty p ew ritten o r handw riting
m a tte r, using a m im e o g ra p h o r ditto m a ch in e .
M ak es n e c e s s a r y a d ­
ju stm en t such as fo r ink and p a p e r fe e d cou n ter and c y lin d e r sp e e d .
Is not r e q u ire d to p re p a r e s te n c il o r ditto m a s t e r .
M ay keep file o f
u sed s te n cils o r ditto m a s t e r s .
M a y s o r t , c o lla te , and staple c o m ­
p leted m a te r ia l.



O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s itio n telep h on e sw itch b o a rd .
D uties in v o lv e handling in co m in g , ou tg o in g , and in tra p la n t o r o ff ic e
c a ll s .
M a y r e c o r d to ll c a lls and take m e s s a g e s .
M ay g iv e in f o r ­
m a tion to p e r s o n s who c a ll in , o r o c c a s io n a lly take telep h on e o r d e r s .
F o r w o r k e r s w ho a ls o a c t as r e c e p tio n is ts s e e s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p tio n is t.

17

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C HINE O P E R A T O R ,

SW ITCH B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
tion
type
T his
tim e

In a d d ition to p e r fo r m in g duties o f o p e r a to r , on a sin g le p o s i ­
o r m o n it o r -t y p e sw itch b o a rd , a cts as r e c e p tio n is t and m a y a ls o
o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r i c a l w ork as p a rt o f r e g u la r d u ties.
typing o r c le r i c a l w o rk m a y take the m a jo r p a rt o f this w o r k e r *s
w h ile at s w itch b o a rd .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A CHINE O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s m a ch in e that a u tom a tica lly a n a ly z e s and tra n sla te s
in fo rm a tio n p u nch ed in g rou p s o f tabulating c a r d s and p rin ts t r a n s ­
la ted data on fo r m s o r a ccou ntin g r e c o r d s ; se ts o r a d ju sts m a ch in e ;
d oes s im p le w ir in g o f p lu g b oa rd s a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r a c t ic e
o r d ia g r a m s ; p la c e s c a r d s to be tabulated in fe e d m a g a zin e and sta rts
m a ch in e .
M a y file c a r d s a fte r they a re tabulated. M a y , in a d d itio n ,
o p e ra te a u x ilia r y m a c h in e s .

in clu d e d .
A w o r k e r who take.-, d icta tion in shorthand or by stenotype
o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s ifie d as a ste n o g ra p h e r, g e n e ra l.
T Y P IS T
U ses a ty p e w rite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a riou s m a te ria l or to
m ak e out b ills a fte r ca lcu la tio n s have been m ade by another p e rso n .
M ay do c le r i c a l w ork in volvin g little s p e c ia l tra in in g, such as k e e p ­
ing sim p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r ts o r sortin g and d is ­
tribu tin g in co m in g m a il.
C la ss A - P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo l l ow ing:
Typing
m a te r ia l in fin al fo r m fr o m v e r y rou gh and in v olv ed draft; c o p y ­
ing fr o m p la in o r c o r r e c t e d co p y in w hich th ere is a frequ en t
and v a r ie d u se o f te ch n ica l and unusual w o rd s
o r fro m fo r e ig n language co p y ; com b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m se v e ra l s o u r c e s ,
or
planning layout o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l tables to m aintain uni­
fo r m ity and b a la n ce in sp a cin g ; typing ta b les fr o m rou<rh draft in
fin a l fo r m .
M ay type rou tin e fo rm le t t e r s , varyin g details to
suit c ir c u m s ta n c e s .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e d icta tion in v olv in g a n o r m a l
rou tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m tra n s c r ib in g m ach in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o
type fr o m w r itte n c o p y and do sim p le c le r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s tr a n ­
s c r ib in g d icta tio n in v olv in g a v a r ie d te ch n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u ­
la r y su ch a s le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not

Professional

DRAFTSM AN ,

JUNIOR

(A s s is ta n t d ra ftsm a n )
D ra w s to s c a le units o r p a rts o f draw ings p r e p a r e d b y d r a ft s ­
m an o r o th e r s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m a n u fa ctu rin g p u r ­
p oses.
U se s v a r io u s ty p es o f draftin g to o ls as r e q u ir e d .
M ay p r e ­
p a re d ra w in g s fr o m s im p le plans o r s k e tc h e s , o r p e r fo r m o th e r duties
under d ir e c t io n o f a d ra ftsm a n .
DRAFTSM AN ,

LEADER

P la n s and d ir e c t s a c tiv itie s o f one o r m o r e d r a ftsm e n in
p re p a r a tio n o f w o rk in g p lan s and d eta il draw ings fr o m rough o r p r e ­
lim in a r y sk e tc h e s fo r e n g in e e rin g , c o n s tr u c tio n , o r m an u fa ctu rin g
p u rp oses.
D u ties in v o lv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g :
In te rp re tin g
b lu e p r in ts , s k e tc h e s , and w ritten o r v e r b a l o r d e r s ; d e te rm in in g w o r k
p r o c e d u r e s ; a s s ig n in g du ties to su b ord in a tes and in sp e ctin g th e ir w o r k ;
p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt p r o b le m s .
M ay a s s is t su b ord in a tes during



G E N E R A L - Continued

C la ss 3 - P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typing
fr o m r e la t iv e ly c le a r o r typed d ra fts ; routine typing o f fo rm s,
in su ra n ce p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; settin g up sim p le standard ta b u la tion s, o r
cop y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b les a lre a d y set up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

and

Technical

DRAFTSM AN ,

L E A D ER - C ontinued

e m e r g e n c ie s o r as a re g u la r a s sig n m e n t, o r p e r fo r m re la te d duties
o f a s u p e r v is o r y o r a d m in istra tiv e n atu re.
D R A F T S M A N , SENIOR
P r e p a r e s w ork in g p lan s and d eta il draw ings fr o m n o te s,
rou gh o r d e ta ile d sk etch es fo r e n g in e e rin g , co n s tru ctio n , o r m anu­
fa ctu rin g p u r p o s e s .
D uties in v olv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g :
P r e p a r in g w ork in g p la n s, d etail d raw in gs , m a p s , c r o s s - s e c t io n s f e t e . ,
to s c a le b y u se o f d raftin g in stru m e n ts ; m aking en g in eerin g com p u ta­
tion s su ch as th ose in v o lv e d in stren gth o f m a t e r ia ls , b ea m s and
t r u s s e s ; v e r ify in g c o m p le te d w o r k , ch eck in g d im e n sio n s , m a te ria ls
to be u s e d , and qu an tities; w ritin g s p e c ific a tio n s ; m aking adju stm ents
o r ch a n ges in draw ings o r s p e c ific a tio n s .
M ay ink in lin es and le tte rs
on p e n c il d ra w in g s, p r e p a r e d etail units o f co m p le te d ra w in g s, o r
tr a c e d ra w in g s.
W ork is fre q u e n tly in a s p e c ia liz e d fie ld such as
a r c h ite c t u r a l, e le c t r ic a l, m e c h a n ic a l, o r stru ctu ra l draftin g.

18

NURSE, IN DUSTRIAL (R E G IS T E R E D )

N U RSE, IN DUSTRIAL (R E G IS T E R E D ) - C ontin ued

A r e g is t e r e d n u rs e who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e to ill o r in ju re d
e m p lo y e e s or oth er p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e ill o r su ffe r an a c c id e n t on
the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r oth er e sta b lish m e n t.
D uties in v o lv e a
com b in ation o f the fo llo w in g : G iving fir s t aid to the ill o r in ju re d ;
attending to su bsequ ent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s * in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s
o f patients trea ted ; p re p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r ts fo r co m p e n sa tio n o r
oth er p u rp o s e s ; con d u ctin g p h y s ic a l ex a m in a tion s and health ev a lu a tion s
o f ap p licants and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s
in volvin g health ed u ca tion , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tion o f plant

e n v iro n m e n t, or other a c tiv itie s
sa fety o f a ll p e rso n n e l.

Maintenance

a ffe ctin g

the

h ea lth , w e lfa r e ,

and

TRACER
C o p ie s plans and draw ings p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s , by p la cin g
tr a c in g clo th o r paper o v e r drawing and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
U ses T -s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , and oth er d raftin g t o o ls .
M ay p r e p a r e
sim p le d ra w in gs and do sim p le le tte rin g .

and

Powerplant

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN TEN AN CE

E N G IN EE R , STATIO N AR Y

P e r fo r m s the ca r p e n tr y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and
m aintain in g ood r e p a ir bu ildin g w o o d w o rk and eq u ipm en t su ch as bins,
c r ib s , c o u n te rs , b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s ,
and trim m ade o f w ood in an e s ta b lish m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f
the fo llo w in g : Planning and layin g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w ­
in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ; using a v a r ie ty o f ca rp e n te r* s
h a n d tools, p orta b le p o w e r t o o l s , and stan dard m e a s u rin g in stru m e n ts ;
m aking standard shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g to d im e n sio n s o f w o rk ;
se le ctin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f
the m aintenan ce ca rp e n te r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed train in g and e x p e r ie n c e
u su a lly a cq u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tr a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e .

O p e ra te s and m aintains and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e ra tio n
o f sta tio n a ry engines and equipm ent (m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r ic a l) to su p ­
p ly the e sta b lish m e n t in w hich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h eat, r e f r i g e r a ­
tio n , o r a ir -c o n d itio n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O p eratin g and m ain tain in g
equ ipm en t such as steam en g in es, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o ­
t o r s , tu r b in e s , ventilating and r e fr ig e r a tin g e q u ip m en t, stea m b o ile r s
and b o i l e r - f e d w ater pum ps; m aking equ ip m en t r e p a ir s ; k eep in g a
r e c o r d o f op era tion o f m a c h in e ry , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu el c o n s u m p ­
tion .
M ay a ls o su p e rv ise th ese o p e ra tio n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e rs
in e sta b lish m e n ts em p loyin g m o r e than one e n g in e e r a re e x c lu d e d .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN TE N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic a l trade fu n ction s su ch as the
in sta lla tion , m a in ten a n ce, o r r e p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the g e n e ra tin g ,
d istrib u tio n , or u tiliza tio n o f e le c t r ic e n e rg y in an e sta b lish m e n t.
W ork in v olv es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In stallin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f
a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l equ ipm en t such as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s ,
sw itch b o a rd s, c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating u n its,
c c iduit s y s te m s , o r oth er tr a n s m is s io n equ ipm en t; w ork in g fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , d ra w in g s, la y o u t, o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo ca tin g and d ia g ­
n osin g trou b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y s te m o r eq u ipm en t; w ork in g stan d ard
com pu tation s rela tin g to lo a d re q u ir e m e n ts o f w irin g o r e le c t r ic a l
equipm ent; using a v a r ie ty o f e le c tr ic ia n * s h and tools and m e a su r in g
and testin g in stru m en ts.
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten a n ce
e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c ­
q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .



F IR E M A N ,

ST ATIO N AR Y

DOILER

F ir e s sta tion a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e sta b lish m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d with heat, p o w e r , or stea m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e b y hand
o r o p e r a te s a m e ch a n ica l s to k e r, g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; ch e ck s w ater
and sa fety v a lv e s .
M ay c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a irin g b o i l e r r o o m equ ip m en t.
H ELPER,

TR A D E S, M AINTEN AN CE

A s s is t * one or m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce
t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific or g e n e ra l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such
as k eepin g a w o rk e r supplied with m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ; clea n in g w o r k ­
ing a r e a , m a ch in e , and equipm ent; a s s is tin g w o r k e r b y h old in g m a ­
te r ia ls o r to o ls ; p e rfo rm in g other u n s k ille d ta sk s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u r ­
n eym an .
The kind o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s
fr o m tra d e to trade:
In som e tra d e s the h e lp e r is co n fin e d to su p ­
p ly in g , liftin g , and holding m a te ria ls and to o ls and clea n in g w ork in g
a r e a s ; and in oth ers he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e
o p e r a tio n s , o r p a rts o f a trad e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s
on a fu ll-tim e b a s is .

19

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c ia liz e s in the op era tion o f one or m o r e ty p e s o f m a ch in e
t o o l s , su ch as jig b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l o r su r fa c e g r in d e r s , engine
la th e s , o r m illin g m a ch in e s in the co n stru ctio n o f m a c h in e -s h o p to o ls,
g a u g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P lanning and p e r fo r m in g d ifficu lt m achining o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g
ite m s re q u irin g c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ;
u sin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; se le c tin g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g and o p e ra tio n seq u en ce; m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju st­
m en ts during o p e r a tio n to a ch ie v e re q u isite to le r a n c e s o r d im e n sio n s .
M a y be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls need d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o ls ,
and to s e le c t p r o p e r co o la n ts and cutting and lu b rica tin g o ils .
F or
c r o s s -i n d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -to o l o p e r a to r s , t o o lr o o m ,
in to o l and die jo b b in g shops a re ex clu d ed fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n .

M E C H A N IC , M AINTEN AN CE

R e p a ir s m a ch in e ry o r m e ch a n ica l equipm ent o f an e s ta b lis h ­
m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam ining m ach in es
and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to d ia gn ose s o u r c e o f tro u b le ; dism antling
o r p a r tly dism an tlin g m a ch in es and p e r fo r m in g r e p a irs that m ain ly
in v o lv e the u se o f h and tools in scra p in g and fitting p a rts ; rep la cin g
b ro k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts with ite m s obtain ed fr o m sto ck ; o rd e rin g the
p ro d u ctio n o f a r e p la ce m e n t p a rt b y a m a ch in e shop o r sending o f
the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p rep a rin g w ritten
s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p rod u ction o f p a rts o rd e re d
fr o m m a ch in e shop; re a s s e m b lin g m a ch in e s ; and m aking a ll n e c e s s a r y
a d ju stm en ts fo r o p e ra tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f a m aintenance
m e ch a n ic r e q u ir e s rou nded train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a cq u ired
through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip or equ ivalen t trainin g and e x p e rie n ce .
E x clu d e d fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duties
in v olv e settin g up o r adju sting m a ch in e s.

M A C H IN IST, M A IN TEN AN CE
M IL L W R IG H T
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s
o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent op era ted in an e sta b lish m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten in s t r u c ­
tion s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and laying out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a ­
r ie t y o f m a c h in i s t s h a n d tools and p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts;
settin g up and o p e ra tin g standard m ach in e t o o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l
p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking standard shop com p u ta tion s r e la t ­
ing to d im e n sio n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , fe e d s and sp eed s o f m a ch in in g ;
k n ow led g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r tie s o f the co m m o n m e ta ls ; se le c tin g
stan d ard m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and equipm ent r e q u ire d fo r h is w o rk ; fitting
and a ss e m b lin g p a r ts in to m e ch a n ica l equipm ent.
In g e n e r a l, the
m a c h in i s t s w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e shop p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice sh ip o r
eq u iv alen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In sta lls new m a ch in e s o r h eavy equ ipm en t and d ism an tles and
in sta lls m a ch in e s o r h eavy equ ipm en t when ch anges in the plant la y ­
out a re r e q u ir e d .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and
laying out o f the w o rk ; in terp retin g b lu ep rin ts or other s p e c ific a tio n s ;
using a v a r ie t y o f h a ndtools and rig g in g ; m aking standard shop c o m ­
putations re la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth o f m a t e r ia ls , and ce n te rs o f
g ra v ity ; alin in g and balan cin g o f equ ipm en t; s e le ctin g standard t o o l s ,
eq u ip m en t, and p a rts to be u.-ed; in sta llin g and m aintaining in good
o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent such as d riv e s and sp eed r e ­
d u cers.
In g e n e r a l, the m illw rig h t *s w o rk n o r m a lly re q u ire s a rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ­
tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

OILER
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M AIN TE N A N C E )

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f
an e sta b lish m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in in g
au tom otiv e equ ip m en t to diagn ose s o u r c e o f tro u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equ ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in volve the use o f su ch handto o ls as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r ills ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m e n t in d is ­
a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; re p la cin g b ro k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts f r o m
s to c k ; grin d in g and ad ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a sse m b lin g and in sta llin g the
v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts;
alining w h e e ls , ad ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts, or tightening b od y b o lt s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the a u tom otive m e ch a n ic r e q u ir e s rou nded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e ­
ship or eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .



L u b r ic a te s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e , the m ovin g p a rts or w earin g
s u r fa c e s o f m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent o f an esta b lish m en t.
P A IN T E R , M A IN TEN AN CE
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu re s o f an
e s ta b lish m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g :
Know ledge of su rfa ce
p e c u lia r itie s and typ es o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d ifferen t a p p lica tion s;
p re p a rin g su r fa c e fo r painting b y rem ov in g old fin ish o r by p lacin g
putty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; applying paint with spray
gun o r b ru sh .
M ay m ix c o l o r s , o il s , white le a d , and oth er paint
in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m ain ten an ce p a in ter r e q u ir e s rounded train in g and ex­
p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iv a ­
len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

20

P IP E F IT T E R ,

M AIN TEN AN CE

S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER,

In stalls o r r e p a ir s w a te r, stea m , g a s, o r oth er ty p e s o f pip e
and p ip efittin g s in an esta b lish m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l ­
lo w in g : L aying out o f w o rk and m e a su rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f pip e
fr o m draw in gs o r oth er w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s
o f pipe to c o r r e c t len gth s with c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a ce ty le n e
to rch o r p ip e -cu ttin g m a ch in e ; th read in g p ip e w ith s to ck s and d ie s ;
bending pipe by h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s; a s s e m b lin g
pipe with cou p lin g s and fasten in g pip e to h a n g e rs; m aking stan dard
shop com p u tation s rela tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f p ip e r e ­
q u ired ; m aking stan dard te s ts to d e te rm in e w h eth er fin ish e d p ip e s m e e t
s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e ra l, the w ork o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fitte r
r e q u ir e s rounded train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a
fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W o rk e rs
p r im a r ily en gaged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g building sa n itation o r
heating sy stem s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLU M BER,

M AIN TEN AN CE

K eep s the plum bing s y s te m of an e sta b lish m e n t in g ood o r d e r .
W ork in v o lv e s:
K now ledge o f san itary c o d e s r e g a rd in g in sta lla tio n o f
vents and tra p s in plum bing s y s te m ; in sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g p ip e s and
fix tu re s ; opening c lo g g e d d ra in s with a p lu n g er o r p lu m b er*s snake.
In gen era l, the w ork o f the m aintenan ce p lu m b e r r e q u ir e s rou nded
trainin g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e ­
ship or equ ivalen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L

WORKER,

M AINTEN AN CE

F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m aintain s in g ood r e p a ir the s h e e tm etal equipm ent and fix tu r e s (su ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s, g r e a s e p an s,
sh e lv e s, lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n tila to r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m e ta l r o o fin g )
o f an e sta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning

Custodial

ELEVATOR OPE RA TO R ,

and

T r a n s p o r ts p a s s e n g e r s betw een fl o o r s o f an o ffic e b u ild in g,
apartm ent h o u s e , dep artm en t s to r e , h otel o r s im ila r e s ta b lish m e n t.
W o rk e rs who o p era te e le v a t o r s in co n ju n ctio n with o th e r d u tie s such
a s th ose o f s ta r te r s and ja n it o r s a r e e x clu d e d .
GUARD
P e r fo r m s routine p o lic e d u ties, e ith e r at fix e d p o st o r on
to u r, m aintaining o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d es gatem en who a r e station ed at gate and c h e ck on id en tity o f
e m p lo y e e s and oth er p e r s o n s en terin g .



and la y in g out a ll ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten a n ce w ork fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , m o d e ls , or oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; settin g up and op era tin g a ll
a v a ila b le ty p es of s h e e t-m e ta l-w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a rie ty o f
h and tools in cutting, bending, fo r m in g , sh apin g, fittin g , and a s s e m ­
b lin g; in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s a s r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o rk o f the m aintenance sh e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou nd ed tra in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a cq u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice sh ip o r
equ ivalen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L AND DIE M AK ER
(D ie m a k e r; jig m a k e r; to o lm a k e r ;

fix tu re m a k e r ;

gauge m a k e r)

C o n stru cts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e - shop t o o ls , ga u g es, ji g s , f i x ­
tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s , punching and oth er m e t a l-fo r m in g w o r k .
W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g and la y in g out o f w o rk
fr o m m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts, d ra w in gs, o r oth e r o r a l and w ritten s p e c if i­
ca tio n s; ursing a v a riety o f to o l and d ie m a k er*s h a n d tools and p r e c is i o n
m e a su rin g in stru m en ts; u nderstanding o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
co m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; setting up and o p e ra tin g o f m a ch in e t o o ls
and re la te d equipm ent; m aking n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g
to d im e n sio n s o f w ork , sp e e d s, fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a ch in e s ; h e a ttrea tin g o f m etal p a rts during fa b r ic a tio n a s w e ll a s o f fin ish e d t o o ls
and d ie s to a ch ie v e re q u ire d q u a litie s; w ork in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fitting and a sse m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w ­
a n c e s ; se le c tin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls ,
t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In
g e n e r a l, the to o l and die m ak er*s w o r k r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tra in in g
in m a ch in e -sh o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a
fo r m a l a p p re n tice sh ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , t o o l and d ie m a k e r s
in to o l and d ie job b in g shops a re e x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

Material

PASSEN GER

M AIN TEN AN CE - C ontin ued

Movement

JA N ITO R ,

PORTER,

OR C L E A N E R

(S w eep er; ch arw om an ; ja n it r e s s ).
C lea n s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly co n d itio n fa c t o r y w ork in g
a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s, o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f ic e , a p a rtm en t h o u s e ,
o r c o m m e r c ia l o r oth er e sta b lish m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n
o f the fo llo w in g : Sw eeping, m op p in g o»r s c ru b b in g , and p o lish in g f l o o r s ;
re m o v in g ch ip s, tra sh , and oth er r e fu s e ; du stin g equ ip m en t, fu rn itu re ,
o r fix tu r e s ; p olish in g m eta l fix tu re s o r t r im m in g s ; p ro v id in g su p p lies
and m in o r m aintenance s e r v ic e s ; clea n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e r s , and
restroom s.
W ork ers who s p e c ia liz e in w in dow w ash in g a r e e x clu d e d .

21

LABORER,

M A T E R IA L HANDLING

(L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r; h andler and sta c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; tr u c k e r ;
sto ck m a n o r s to c k h e lp e r ; w a reh ou sem a n o r w a re h o u se h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a reh ou se, m a n u fa ctu rin g p lan t,
s t o r e , o r oth er e s ta b lis h m e n t w h ose duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f
the fo llo w in g :
L oa d in g and unloading v a riou s m a te r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tr u ck s , o r oth er tra n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ;
u n p ack in g, s h e lv in g , o r p la cin g m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r
s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; tr a n s p o r tin g m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y hand tru ck ,
c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L o n g sh o re m e n , who loa d and u nload ships a r e
e x clu d e d .

SHIPPING AND R E C EIV IN G C L E R K - C ontinued
oth er r e c o r d s ; ch e ck in g f o r s h o rta g e s and r e je c tin g dam aged g ood s;
rou tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep artm en ts; m aintaining
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i le s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s ;
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
O R D E R F IL L E R
(O rd e r p ic k e r ; s to c k s e le c t o r ; w a reh ou se stock m a n )
F ills sh ip p in g o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish e d good s fr o m
s to r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e with s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s ,
cu s to m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r in str u c tio n s . M ay, in a d d ition to fillin g
o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s fille d o r om itted , keep r e c o r d s o f o u t­
goin g o r d e r s , r e q u is itio n
ad d ition al sto c k , o r r e p o r t s h o rt su p p lies
to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m oth er rela ted d u ties.
PACKER,

SHIPPING

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u cts fo r shipm ent o r sto r a g e b y p la cin g
them in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific op e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d being
d ependen t upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n um ber o f units to be p a ck e d , the
type o f co n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m ethod o f sh ipm en t. W o rk r e q u ir e s
the p la c in g o f ite m s in shipping con ta in ers and m a y in v o lv e one o r
m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f v a rio u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r
to v e r if y con ten t; s e le c t io n of a p p ro p ria te type and s iz e o f co n ta in e r;
in s e rtin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; u sin g e x c e ls io r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to
p re v e n t b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e; c lo s in g and sea lin g c o n ta in e r; applyin g
la b e ls o r en terin g id en tify in g data on c o n ta in e r.
P a c k e r s who a ls o
m a k e w ood en b o x e s o r c r a te s a re e x clu d ed .

SH IPPING AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r shipm ent, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e ­
s p o n s ib le f o r in c o m in g sh ipm en t o f m e rch a n d ise o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
Shipping w o r k in v o lv e s : A k n ow ledge o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
t i c e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f tra n sp orta tion and r a te s ; and p r e ­
p a rin g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s sh ip p ed , m aking up b ills o f la d in g , p o s t ­
ing w eigh t and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and keeping a file o f sh ippin g r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s i s t in p re p a rin g the m e r c h a n d ise f o r sh ip m en t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o lv e s : V e rify in g o r d ire ctin g o th e rs in v e r ify in g
the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m en ts a g a in st b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r



D r iv e s a tr u c k w ithin a city o r in d u stria l a re a to tra n sp ort
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ip m en t, o r m en betw een v a riou s types of
e sta b lish m e n ts su ch a s :
M an ufactu rin g p la n ts, freig h t d ep ots, w a r e ­
h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e ta il e sta b lish m e n ts, o r betw een re ta il e s ta b ­
lish m en ts and c u s t o m e r s ’ h ou ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M ay a ls o
loa d o r u nload tru ck w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s , m ak e m in or m ech a n ica l
r e p a ir s , and keep tru ck in good w ork in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r -t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x clu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , tr u c k d r iv e r s a re c la s s ifie d by s iz e
and type o f eq u ipm en t, as fo llo w s :
(T r a c t o r - t r a il e r should be rated
on the b a s is o f t r a ile r c a p a city . )
T r u c k d r iv e r , ligh t (under 1l/z to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m ( 1 V2 to and In clu d in g 4 tons)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 ton s, t r a ile r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s, oth er than t r a ile r type)

TRU CKER,

POW ER

O p era tes a m an u ally c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - or e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d
tru ck o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o rt g o o d s and m a te r ia ls of a ll kinds about
a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plan t, o r oth er esta b lish m en t.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by type o f
tru ck , as fo llo w s :
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift)
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (oth er than fo r k l ift )

W A TC H M A N
M ak es rou nds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te ctin g p ro p e r ty
a g a in st f i r e , th eft, and ille g a l en try .
U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

1955 O

348624


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102