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LOS ANGELES, CALIF.
M A R C H 1955

BLS

Bulletin No. 1172-12

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Aryness Joy Wickens, Acting Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
LOS ANGELES, CALIF.
March

1955

Bulletin No.

1172-12
M ay

1955

U N IT E D STA TES D E P A R T M E N T O F LABOR
Jam es F. M itchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Aryness Joy Wickens, Acting Commissioner


For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.


-

Price 25 cents

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CONTENTS
Pag
IN T R O D U C T IO N _________________________________________________________________________________

1

TABLES:
A:

B:

A P E N D IX :

O ccu p ation al earn in gs * A - 1 O ffice o c c u p a t io n s ___________________________________________________________
A - Z P r o fe s s io n a l and te ch n ica l o c c u p a t io n s ___________________________________
A - 3 M aintenance and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t io n s __________________
A - 4 C u stodial and m a te r ia l m ov em en t o ccu p a tio n s ___________________________

3
7
7
9

E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en tary
w age p r o v is io n s B - 1 Shift d iffe re n tia l p r o v is io n s * ______________________________________________
B - 2 M inim um en tra n ce ra te s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ____________________
B - 3 F re q u e n cy o f w age p a y m e n t ________________________________________________
B - 4 Scheduled w eek ly h ou rs * __________________________________
B - 5 P aid h oliday p r o v is io n s * _____
B -6 P a id v a ca tion s * ___

11
12
13
13
14
15

Job d e s c r ip t io n s ___________________________________________________________________

17

*N O T E :
S im ila r tabulations (a ls o co v e rin g h ea lth , in s u ra n ce , and p en sion p la n s)
a r e a v a ila b le in the L o s A n g e le s a re a r e p o r ts fo r January 1952, F e b ru a ry 1953,
and M a rch 1954.
The 1954 r e p o r t a ls o p r o v id e s tabu lation s o f w age stru ctu re
c h a r a c t e r is t ic s , la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n ts , and o v e r tim e pay p r o v is io n s . A
d ir e c t o r y indicating date o f study and the p r ic e o f the r e p o r t s , as w e ll as r e p o r ts
fo r oth er m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila b le upon re q u e st.
C u rren t re p o rts on o ccu p a tion a l e a rn in gs and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s
in the L o s A n g eles a rea a re a ls o a v a ila b le fo r m a ch in e r y in d u strie s (January
1955), w o o d hou seh old fu rn itu re (M ay 1954), and m e n 's and b o y s ' d r e s s sh irts
(M ay 1954).
Union s c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re a v a ila b le fo r
the fo llo w in g tra d es or in d u strie s: B uilding c o n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g , lo c a l tra n sit
op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s .







OCCUPATION AL WAGE S U R V E Y ,

Int r o d u c t i o n
The Los Angeles area is one of several important indus­
trial centers in which the Bureau of Labor Statistics has con­
ducted surveys of occupational earnings and related wage bene­
fits on an areawide basis.
In each area, data are obtained by
personal visits of Bureau field agents to representative estab­
lishments within 6 broad industry divisions:
Manufacturing;
transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance,
and real estate; and services.
Major industry groups excluded
from these studies are government institutions and the construc­
tion and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than
a prescribed number of workers were also omitted since they
furnished insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion.*
1
Wherever possible, separate tabulations
are provided for the individual broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because
of the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments,
and to ensure prompt publication of results.
To obtain appro­
priate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied.
In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight.
Estimates are presented therefore as relating to all establish­
ments in the industry grouping and area, but not to those below
the minimum size studied. 2
Occupations and Earnings
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of
job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment
variation in duties within the same job (see Appendix for listing
of these descriptions).
Earnings data are presented for the fol­
lowing types of occupations:
(a) Office clerical; (b) professional
and technical; (c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial
and material movement.
* This report was prepared in the Bureau*s regional office
in San Francisco, Calif. , by William P. OfConnor under the di­
rection of John L. Dana, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations
Analyst.
1 See following table for minimum-size establishment cov­
ered by study.
An exception is made in the tabulation of minimum en­
trance rates for women office workers which relates to provision
in establishments actually studied.




LOS A N G E L E S ,

C A LIF.

Data are shown for full-time workers, i . e . , those hired
to work a full-time schedule for the given occupational classifi­
cation.
Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for
work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Nonproduction bo­
nuses are also excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses and incentive
earnings are included.
Where weekly hours are reported, as for
office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half-hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest 50 cents.
Occupational employment estimates refer to the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not to the
number actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational
structure among establishments, the estimates of occupational
employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occupational structure do not materially
affect the accuracy of the earnings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary
Wage Provisions
Information is also presented on selected establishment
practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to office and
plant workers.
The term, ’’office workers” , as used in this
bulletin includes all office clerical employees and excludes ad­
ministrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
’’Plant workers” include working foremen and all nonsupervisory
workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice
functions. Administrative, executive, professional, and technical
employees, and force account construction employees who aret
utilized as a separate work force are excluded. Cafeteria workers
and routemen are excluded in manufacturing industries but are
included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing industries.
Shift-differential data are limited to manufacturing in­
dustries.
This information is presented both in terms of (a)
establishment policy3 and (b) effective provisions for workers

3
An establishment was considered as having a policy if
met either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts
at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts.

2

actually employed on extra shifts at the time of the survey<
>
Tabulations relating to establishment policy are presented in
terms of total plant worker employment; estimates in the second
tabulation relate only to those workers actually employed on the
specified shifto
Supplementary practices, other than minimum entrance
rates for women office workers, and shift differentials, are
treated statistically on the basis that these are provided to all
workers employed in offices or plant departments that observe
the practice in question,,4 Because of varying eligibility re 4 Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section
of table B-4) are presented in terms of the proportion of women
office workers employed in offices with the indicated weekly hours
for women workers0

quirements, the proportion actually receiving the specific benefits
may be smaller,,
Moreover, a practice was considered as ap­
plicable to all office or plant workers in an establishment if it
applied to a majority of such workers.
Because of rounding,
sums of individual items in these tabulations do not necessarily
equal totals.
The summary of vacation plans is limited to formal
arrangements, excluding informal plans whereby time off with
pay is granted at the discretion of the employer or the super­
visor,
Separate estimates are provided according to employer
practice in computing vacation payments, such as time payments,
percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in
the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, pay­
ments not on a time basis were converted; for example, a payment
of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equivalent
of 1 weekfs pay.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d ie d in L o s A n g e l e s , C a l i f . , 1 b y M a j o r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , M a r c h 1955

In d u stry d iv is io n

A l l d i v i s i o n s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------- ------------------------- ----------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________________ __ ______
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
c o m m u n ic a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s 4__ ______
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________________________ _______
R e t a i l t r a d e ( e x c lu d in g d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) -----------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________ ________
S e r v i c e s ( e x c lu d in g m o t io n p i c t u r e s ) 6 ---------------------------M o t io n p i c t u r e s 71
7
6
5
4
3
2
_______________ ________
_____
________

M in im u m s i z e
e s t a b li s h m e nt
in s c o p e o f
s tu d y 2

_

W o r k e r s in . e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scope of
s tu d y

W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

S t u d ie d

S t u d ie d
T o ta l 3

O ffic e

P la n t

T ota l 3

2, 051

296

8 1 3 , 600

173, 9 0 0

5 0 6 ,9 0 0

4 1 6 ,7 4 0

101

85 0
1, 201

110
186

4 7 8 ,5 0 0
3 3 5 ,1 0 0

8 2 ,6 0 0
91, 300

3 2 1 ,2 0 0
1 8 5 ,7 0 0

2 6 0 ,2 0 0
15 6 , 5 4 0

101
51
101
51
51
51

71
39 0
217
196
302
25

21
47
27
36
43
12

7 0 , 800
5 8 ,0 0 0
8 4 ,8 0 0
5 4 ,5 0 0
50, 000
17, 000

1 6 ,1 0 0
1 6 ,3 0 0
( 5)
3 9 ,7 0 0
8, 3 0 0
2, 3 0 0

4 2 ,6 0 0
2 6 ,7 0 0
( 5)
3, 2 0 0
31 , 4 0 0
1 2 ,8 0 0

5 9 ,2 6 0
1 4 ,2 7 0
2 2 , 700
2 9 ,3 3 0
1 6 ,9 8 0
1 4 ,0 0 0

1 L o s A n g e l e s M e t r o p o li t a n A r e a ( L o s A n g e l e s a n d O r a n g e C o u n t i e s ) . T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t im a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e ­
s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n .w i t h o t h e r a r e a e m p l o y ­
m e n t i n d i c e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y p e r i o d
s t u d ie d , an d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m s i z e l im i t a t i o n . A l l o u t l e t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e ,
a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n - p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s o n e e s t a b l is h m e n t .
3 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , t e c h n i c a l , p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
4 A l s o e x c l u d e s t a x i c a b s , a n d s e r v i c e s i n c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n i n c lu d e d in e a r l i e r s t u d i e s .
5 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A a n d B t a b l e s , a lth o u g h c o v e r a g e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t t o j u s t i f y s e p a ­
ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f d a ta .
6 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; r a d i o b r o a d c a s t i n g a n d t e l e v i s i o n ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g i n e e r ­
in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
7 M o t io n p i c t u r e p r o d u c t i o n .




A : O c c u p a t io n a l Earn ing s

Table A-l: Office Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in L o s A n g e l e s , C a l i f . , b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M a r c h 1955)
Avei AGS
S ex,

o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Weekly
Under 3 5 .0 0
(Standard) $
under
35 00 3 7 . 50

S
3 7 50

$
40. 00

$
4 2.50

$
4 5 . 00

'

"

00

"
4 2 . 50

4 5 . 00

4 7 . 50

40

~

50.00

$
52.50

S
5 5.00

■

-

5 2 . 50

55.00

5 7 . 50

$

-

$
$
4 7 . 50 5 0 . 0 0

5 7 . 50

1
$
6 0 . 00 6 2 . 5 0
-

6 0 . 00

-

62.50

65.00

$
S
S
*
$
6 5 . 0 0 6 7 . 50 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 0 0
-

•
8 5.00
-

*
s
t
9 0 . 00
95.00 100.00
and

67. 50

90.00

9 5. 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5.00

1 0 0 .0 0

over

M en
C le r k s , a cco u n tin g , c la s s A •
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * -------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ------------F i n a n c e * * ---------------------------

840
5 23
317
37
147
59

4 0.0
4 0.0
39.5
4 0.0
39.5
39.5

$
8 1.50
80.00
8 4 . 00
8 6 . 00
8 3 . 00
7 6 . 00

C le r k s , a cco u n tin g , c la s s B
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ----------------------------------------

318
137
181
31

4 0.0
40. 0
40.0
40.0

6 9 . 50
6 7 . 00
71.00
6 4 . 50

C l e r k s , o r d e r ---------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g —
W h o le s a le tra d e

1, 3 8 5
366
1,0 1 9
944

40. 0
4 0.0
40. 0
40. 0

7 9 . 50
85.00
7 7 . 50
7 7 . 00

_
~

C le r k s , p a y ro ll
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g M o tio n p ic t u r e s -

348
212
136
77

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0.0
4 0 .0

81.50
7 7 . 00
8 8 . 00
9 7. 00

-

O f f i c e b o y s ----------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g W h o le s a le tra d e _
F i n a n c e * * ------------

489
1 95
294
51
1 16

3 9.5
40. 0
39.0
40. 0
39.0

5 2 . 00
5 5 . 00
5 0 . 50
51.00
4 8.00

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
M a n u fa c t u r in g •
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------P u b lic u t ilit ie s * —
W h o le s a le tra d e —
F i n a n c e * * ----------------

866
413
453
61
163
123

40. 0
4 0 .0
39.5
4 0.0
40.0
39.0

79.
78.
79.
78.
77.
77.

00
50
50
50
50
50

-

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h i n e ) M a n u fa c t u r in g ■
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g —
W h o le s a le tr a d e

907
143
764
202

40. 0
4 0.0
40. 0
40. 0

5 9 . 00
60.00
5 9 . 00
61.00

-

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e ) ■
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

129
70
59

3 9.5
40.0
39.0

6 4 . 00
6 5 . 50
6 2 . 50

-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ---------- ------------------- ---------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
W h o le s a le tr a d e

3 74
183
191
101

40. 0
40. 0
40.0
40. 0

72.00
7 3 . 00
7 1. 50
7 3 . 00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

.
-

-

3
-

1
-

2
-

3
_
3

1
_
_

2
2
_

34
15
19
_
-

1

-

-

25
19
6
3

40
15
25
6

30
20
10
5

_
-

_
-

_

38
.

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

1
1

8
4
4

-

-

-

7
7
3

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

~

-

“

-

_

_
-

_

_
-

1
1

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

14
6
8

19
12
7

-

-

86
49
37
14

38
38

40
40
40

109
19
90
90

2
_
2

-

1 69
130
39
14
10
9

148
1 02
46
1
41

19

31
22
9
_
_
8

2
2

157
111
46
1
26
10

161
96
65
2
52

38
18
20
3
10

33
9
24
5
8

63
20
43
9

-

-

-

9

35
6
29
-

49
2
47

4
4
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

2 71
50
2 21
2 21

3 82
75
307
241

231
60
171
168

80
18
62
62

123
77
46
40

68
32
36
36

43
35
8
8

45
40
5
5

67
41
26
3

90
80
10
3

36
22
14
3

27
11
16
3

22
12
10
10

8
4
4
4

48
2
46
46

20
_
20
_

3
2
1
_

.
_

.
_
_
_

2
2
_
_

_
.
_

_
.
_

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

30
7
23
_

50
13
37
8
19

74
7
67
11
15

66
30
36
11
15

59
57
2
_

58
3b
22
8
11

32
24
8
_

11
6
5
1

2
_

2

23
3
20
8
12

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
-

8
8

2
2

10
-

10
7
3
_
_

35
10
25
1
10
12

32
8
24

110
72
38
7
16
9

182
88
94
34
14
19

250
178
72
16
36
8

68
21
47
_

15
8

53
16
37
2
15
13

64
8
56
1
23
17

21
5
16
_
_

38
3
35
15

19
2
17
6

78
3
75
33

59
4
55

3
3

2
2

_

.

_
_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
5
1

4
4

3

17
17

8

1

_

.

_

.

-

3

-

8

*

1

-

-

27

83
50
33
9

52
33
19
8

96
55
41
22

32
3
29
29

23
19
4
2

2

_
_

_

-

-

4
_
4
_

-

-

4

10

55
8
47
4
28

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

■

“

_

“

“

1

"

2

2
5

12

95

36

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

12

95

"

"

'

“

107
51
56
9

222
8
214
18

81
11
70
46

105
33
72
63

47
23
24

-

36
12

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

5

6
2
4

25
25

2

20
17
3

22

-

-

1

10
-

1

.

2
_

-

-

_

.
_

24
18

!

20
20

10

W om en

S e e fo o t n o t e a t en d o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r ta tio n (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ),
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




c o m m u n ic a t io n ,

3

-

1
-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

"

~

•

■

■

"

"

-

22

-

20

and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

NOTE:

2

1

-

39
23
16

_

20
18

-

27
13

“

-

_

2
-

-

Occupational Wage Survey, Los Angeles, Calif. , March 1955
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

D a ta f o r n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g d o n o t i n c l u d e i n f o r m a t i o n f o r d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ; th e
r e m a i n d e r o f r e t a i l t r a d e i s a p p r o p r i a t e l y r e p r e s e n t e d in d a ta f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s
c o m b in e d a n d f o r n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g .
" M o t io n p i c t u r e s " r e f e r s to m o t io n p ic t u r e
p r o d u c t io n
e s t a b lis h m e n t s (G r o u p 7 81 1) a s
d e f i n e d in
th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l
C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l (1 9 4 9 e d i t i o n ) p r e p a r e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t .

T a b le A -l: O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s - Contin u ed
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and e arn in gs1 fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
in L o s A n geles, C a lif. , by industry d ivision , M arch 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF -

A verage

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , a n d

in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
(Standard)

Weekly U n d e r
earnings
(Standard) $
3 5 . 00

$
3 7 . 50 4 0 . 0 0

4 2 . 50 4 5 . 0 0

4 7 . 50

$
S
s
$
$
s
i
$
$
$
s
$
t
$
$
5 0 . 0 0 5 2 . 50 5 5 . 0 0 5 7 . 50 60 . 00 6 2 . 50 6 5 . 0 0 6 7 . 5 0 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 100.00

4 7 . 50

50. 00

5 2 . 50

$

$

$

3 5 . 00
and
U n der
3 7 . 50 4 0 . 0 0

4 2 . 50 4 5 . 0 0

$

5 5 .0 0

5 7 . 50

6 0 .0 0

6 2 . 50 6 5 . 0 0

6 7 . 50

7 0 .0 0

7 5. 00

8 0 .0 0

8 5 . 00

90 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 100.00

and
over

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B __________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______ ______________
F i n a n c e * * ............................................ ..................
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) _______________________________ __

$
55.
67.
53.
'6 2 .
51.

2 ,9 8 3
497
2 ,4 8 6
209
1 ,9 8 9

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

96

40. 0

5 8 .0 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A ................................
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ............................. ................
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
F i n a n c e * * ------- ---------------------------------------S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) _______ ______________________
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s _________________________

1 ,6 9 6
935
761
98
80
192

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
39. 0

73.
73.
74.
75.
77.
68 .

1 95
56

39. 5
40. 0

7 1 . 50
9 5 .0 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________
F i n a n c e * * -----------------------------------------------S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) ________________________________

2 ,9 7 8
1 , 1 89
1 ,7 8 9
344
363
685

39.
40.
39.
40.
40.
39.

60.
62.
59.
67.

114

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A _________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________ __________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______________________
F i n a n c e * * _______________________________

335
157
178

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ----------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ------------- ----------------------F i n a n c e * * ------------------------------------------------

2, 787
845
1 ,9 4 2
114
259
1, 291

C l e r k s , o r d e r ___________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ___________________________

876
355
521
1 80

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ______________________________ _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ ____________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------------------------------------F i n a n c e * * ----------------------------------------------------S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) .................................................. ..............

61
88

5
0
5
0
0
0

50
00
50
00
50

50
50
00
00
50
00

50
50
50
50

-

2
-

-

-

2

12

-

12

-

2

12

50

2

16
11

-

6
6

-

6
6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

2

465

288

1

"

2

21

17

23

10

1

18

-

-

-

1

'

-

■

■

_

3

2

_

30

119
57
62

274
148

104
47
57

41
5
36

20

-

-

7

20

-

9

-

2

2

24

50

16

-

24
15

-

-

4

2
12

21

469
283
186
47
23
13

119
74
45

1

316
242
74
31
3

7

-

113
54
59

4
-

34
5

17
4

13
5

-

251

1

11

532

314

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

-

-

-

10
20
1

-

3

2

-

16

79
15
64
3
7
32

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

*

-

-

18

9

8

30

46

121

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

9

8

-

46
-

121

-

30
-

8
22

2

1

44

117

-

-

52. 00

18

9

8

38. 5

5 9 . 50

-

-

-

-

-

-

39.
40.
39.
39.
38.

6 3 . 50
6 7 . 50
6 0 . 00

62.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

9
9
-

3
3
-

5 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

9

2

39. 0
4 0 .0
39. 0
40. 0
40. 0
38. 5

4 9 . 00
5 7 . 50
4 5 . 50
5 7 . 50
5 3 .0 0
4 2 . 00

1 57

132

191

255

351
23
328
13

40.
40.
40.
39.

3

1 18
25
93
9
7
69

-

_
-

_

-

5
5
-

-

-

100

12

47
53
23

3
17
13

-

2

-

103

-

“

10

124
3
32
57

4

7 1 .0 0

29
-

166

-

39. 5

21

169
146
23

-

146

8
6

1 70
138
32
17
4
9

-

-

30
14

-

11
12

245
186
59
14
32
13

_

-

15

-

111

-

-

12

-

210
86

-

-

-

16

4
-

192
26

-

-

-

61

6

-

-

21
21

16

3
17

6 5 . 50
66 . 0 0
7 0 . 50

6 7. 00
69 . 0 0
6 4 .0 0
66 . 0 0
60 . 0 0

6
2

26
8
2
6

_

592
570
94
79
73

73
18
55

23
47
87

401
165
236
184

65
4

252

151
98
53
13

_

110
86
10

7
7

_

_

1 96

202

235
105
130
18
76

12

_

-

513

261

10

-

20

66.00

.

4 00
198

24
4

158

-

1 34
44
90
14
23
36

6

2

_

195
70
1 25

68
168
16

13
9
4
4

1 30

-

236

23

1 57

.

23
59
81

4

40
71
4
47

181
97
84
4
3

12

22
99
29
70

39

-

9
9

10

-

33

22
16
6

-

-

20

-

-

4

20

34
13

1 15

21

55

7

12

6

91
19

112

6

7

18

85
84

15

1

13

-

-

1

-

-

1

6

11
8
'

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

9

5

2

1

-

“

44

12

31

21

-

2

11

10
8

2

-

26

-

12

-

12
6
2

19
5
4

21

1

14

-

4

18
9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

I ll
60
51

1 25
71
54
4

17

57
40
17
17

65
34
31
31

33
3
30
30

38

36

20

-

18

36

16

-

-

-

1 35
77
58

104
48
56

91
54
37

34

6
6

22
22

11

5

67
29
38
4
4

62

2

118
70
48
18
9

16

11
1 24
64

8
9
9

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

4

6

9

4

12

10

10

8

9
4

"

~

■

1

5

26

2

17

7

10

24

1

1

20

-

80
32

3

16

3
30

60

84
55
29
3

52
96

30
3
27
3
14

2

2

_

34

-

68 . 0 0

16

21

-

19

-

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

-

7

57

“

22

2 47

-

-

24

-

5

-

-

-

19

15

-

30
7
23
5
18

-

10

-

14

10

191

_

-

-

22

-

_

-

-

8

-

26

-

-

38
3
35
19

132

229

-

-

4

-

13

126

6

-

5

-

20

-

211

28
5

14
7

-

73

157

8
212

56

-

35
77

314
57
257

8

3

86

-

-

'

S ee fo o t n o t e at en d o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n ‘(e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ,
** F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




16

68
66
2
1

251

-

■

32

86

100
86

-

-

-

60

1 49
63

380

-

-

116

67
43
23

229
38
191
60

-

_

-

110

214
43
171
9
139

20

62.00

0
0
0
5

325

-

-

1
3 81

-

5
0
0
5
5

5 33

50

-

20

382

2 51

394
42
352
31
269

-

1, 1 6 2

20

-

50

60

1

12
6
1

8

7

28
34

-

2

-

12

-

-

-

“

18

12

■

2

_

-

2

32
3

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

9

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and ea rn in gs 1 fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area ba sis
in L o s A n geles, C a lif. , by industry d iv isio n , M arch 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARN INGS OF

Avebaob
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

a n d in d u s t r y

d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
*
3 7 . 50 4 0 . 0 0

Weekly

Weekly
earnings U n d e r
(Standard) (Standard) $
3 5 .0 0

* 5 s flP
under
3 7 . 50 4 0 . 0 0

$
$
4 2 . 50 4 5 .0 0

4 2 . 50 4 5 . 0 0

4 7 . 50

s
s
s
$
$
$
$
S
s
$
s
s
%
$
$
$
4 7 . 5 0 5 0 . 0 0 5 2 . 5 0 5 5 . 0 0 5 7 . 5 0 6 0 . 0 0 6 2 . 5 0 6 5 . 0 0 6 7 . 50 7 0 . 0 0 7 5 . 0 0 8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0
5 0 .0 0

5 2 . 50

5 5 .0 0

5 7 . 50 6 0 . 0 0

6 2 . 50

6 5 .0 0

6 7 . 50

7 0 .0 0

7 5 . 00

8 0. 00

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

and
over

9 5 . 0 0 100. 0 0

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d

C o m p to m e te r o p e r a to r s
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_____________________ _
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _________________ _
_
_
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _ ____________________
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o tio n
p i c t u r e s ) _______________________________
D u p lic a tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( m i m e o g r a p h o r d i t t o ) ______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________ ___________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _____________________
K e y -p u n ch o p e r a to r s
__________________ ___
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________ __________ „
_
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________ ___________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______________________
F i n a n c e * * ----------------------------------------------O ffic e g ir ls
_ _
_
_ _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ ______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______________________
F i n a n c e * * _ __________ _______________

2 ,0 5 0
646
1 ,4 0 4
86
742

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
6 5 . 50
6 6 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
5 9 . 50
6 4 . 50

_

.

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

88

3 9 .5

5 8 .0 0

"

-

-

230

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

5 7 . 50
6 0 . 00
5 4 .0 0
5 6 . 50

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

_

_

_

-

-

-

4
-

10
-

4
-

10
-

-

4

5

129
101
30
1 ,8 6 9
783
1 ,0 8 6
1 70
299
313
864
329
535
85
289

39. 5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 5 .0 0
6 8 . 50
6 3 . 00
6 8 .0 0
6 4 . 00
5 6 . 50

-

4 8 . 50
5 4 .0 0
4 5 .0 0
4 9 . 50
4 2 . 00

19
10
9
-

13
-

9

13
13

73
10
63
8
55

_

_

_

-

-

S e c r e t a r i e s ________
__________ __ _
_
M a n u fa c t u r in g _
_________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_______________________
P u b lic u tilitie s *
W h o le s a le tr a d e
_
F i n a n c e __________________________________
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o tio n
p i c t u r e s ) _______________________________
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ___ ________ ___________

6 ,9 3 4
3 ,4 0 4
3 , 5 30
359
842
1 ,2 4 2

39. 5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 6 . 00
7 6 . 00
7 6 .0 0
8 0 . 00
7 5 . 50
7 0 . 50

-

4 91
374

38. 5
4 0 .0

7 5 .0 0
9 2 . 00

-

-

-

-

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l _____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________ _______ __________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______________________
F in a n c e * * _
_ _
_
_
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o tio n
p i c t u r e s ) __
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s _________________________

7 ,9 1 8
3 ,4 1 6
4 , 502
423
701
2 ,1 4 5

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

64.
67.
62.
64.
64.
59.

_

_

724
278

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 2 . 50
7 7 . 50

S te n o g ra p h e r s, te ch n ica l
XXj*n n f a r t u r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________ __ ___
F i n a n c e * * ------------------------------------------------

426
257
1 69
54

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
38. 5

7 6 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
6 4 . 00

50
00
50
50
50
50

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

"
_

.

_

86
10
76
2
65

164
20
144
20
78

_

10
10
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

48
15
33
11
15

113
47
66
4
37

197
19
178
13
85

155
44
111
9
61

352
108
244
4
138

159
46
1 13
4
43

1 27
66
61
4
50

124
74
50
6
30

356
180
176
9
139

201
45
156
4
127

163
163
3
-

-

1

10

41

“

26

6

-

1

3

-

-

25
25
6

20
1
19
11

14
5
9
-

18
14
4

32
16
16

20
20
-

7
4
3
3

6
6
6

2
2

-

-

-

48
43
5
2

5
2
3

-

29
24
5
1

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

26
26
4
16
1 23
30
93
11
44
1
1
1

29
1
28
2
4
21

1 03
16
87
3
18
59

1 30
16
114
1
32
42

144
37
107
11
17
48

83
7
76
17
28
15

“
192
56
136
16
31
46

146
64
82
13
43
13

1
171
119
52
11
16
16

221
142
79
13
14
28
_

347
257
90
32
41

2
2
-

■
202
45
157
51
49

-

1
1

-

-

4
4
-

-

~
50
19
31
2

_

1
1
-

6
6
-

-

■

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

~

7
3
4
2

_

_

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

76
24
52
13
10

58
33
25
4
4

29
5
24
7
11

32
22
10
8

58
54
4
-

58
55
3
-

67
53
14
10

1
1
-

-

"

-

-

-

4
4
-

25
10
15
-

31
31
-

4

14

30
30
10
5

6
23

150
11
139
4
20
92

182
14
1 68
3
34
95

426
104
322
8
58
1 80

393
1 46
247
1°
61
142

778
441
337
19
68
133

1150
732
418
58
144
163

1596
912
684
118
209
181

983
646
337
46
75
94

4 41
197
244
37
70
47

434
116
318
26
15
55

88
44
44
6
26
5

212
21
191
24
46
9

-

1

-

j

9
-

2

19

24

59

31

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

72
9

43
4

74
28

60
29

33
52

33
1 63

2
5

28
84

4
-

23
-

12
-

89
-

104
-

12
-

4

22

11

89
7
16
51

104
17
2
76

246
18
228
17
18
152

520
1 06
414
23
59
266

757
213
544
31
46
327

1239
575
664
38
1 03
395

858
356
502
34
82
241

896
448
448
35
89
1 59

878
513
365
38
142
125

1077
705
372
109
52
100

651
378
273
47
72
28

130
43
87
1
-

43
19
24
1
-

68
28
40
-

_

23
-

323
14
309
27
18
188

_

4
-

-

-

-

1

1

15

7

71

41

58

-

-

-

-

49
39

28
22

55
31

18
93

35
40

9
12

9
31

-

-

87
2

-

-

110
8

1 30

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

16
12
4
4

30
20
10
10

57
21
36
4

69
61
8
1

48
35
13

94
78
16

1

-

9
6
3
2

17

-

28
12
16
14

19

-

13
12
1

15

-

-

-

-

17

1

10

See footnote at end of table.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities,
** Finance, insurance, and real estate.




”

36
36
11
13

-

3
3

17
17
4
4

-

-

-

15
3

19
16

10

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
in L o s A n g e l e s , C a lif. , b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , M a r c h 1955)
N U M BER OF W O RK ERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E W EEKLY E A RN IN G S OF

A verage

Sex,

o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

I s . 00 37. 50
Weekly
TTn
earnings
and
(Standard) $
under
3 5 . 00 3 7. 50 4 0 . 0 0

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

s

50. 00

5 2 . 50

5 5 .0 0

5 7 .5 0

6 7 . 50

70. 00

75. 00

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

S

4 7 . 50

$
6 5 .0 0

t

4 5 . 00

S
6 2 .5 0

s

4 2 .5 0

$
6 0 . 00

S

40. 00

4 2 .5 0

4 5 .0 0

4 7 . 50

5 0 .0 0

5 2 . 50

5 5 .0 0

5 7 . 50

6 0 .0 0

6 2 .5 0

6 5 .0 0

67. 50

7 0 .0 0

75. 00

8 0 .0 0

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

%
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0
and

over

W o m e n - C o n tin u e d
$

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
M a n u fa c tu r in g ■
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * --------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e --------------------------F i n a n c e * * ------S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) ---------------------------------M o tio n p ic t u r e s
----------------------

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s M a n u fa c tu r in g —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g P u b lic u t ilit ie s * W h o le s a le tr a d e
F in a n c e * *
S e r v ic e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) ---------------------------------

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
M a n u fa c tu r in g —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
F in a n c e * *
--------

T r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
gen era l
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g —
W h o le s a le t r a d e ■
F i n a n c e * * --------------

123
25

161
33

92

98

128

11 1
36
75

12
19
18

9
13
33

29
24

11

21

19

14

25

29

15

8

1

-

1

138
73
65
-

266
154
112
-

220
120
100

146
61
85

107

_

108
33
75
-

35

-

-

4
19

2 78

39. 5

6 1 .5 0
54. 00

-

-

-

2

3

47

9
26

53

383

40. 0

5 1 .5 0

.

_

_______

71

60

28

16

41

46

109

39. 5

76. 00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 ,6 0 4
778
826

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

6 1 .5 0
6 2 .0 0

_

_

10

_

52

4 0 .0

6 8 .5 0

_
-

29
22
7

_

_

2

12
5
7
_

282
158

40. 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

39. 0

64. 00
5 5 .0 0

45
1
44
_

100
47

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

2

7

31

4
24

19
31

26
7

57
30

1
50
6

177

40. 0

5 8 .0 0

25

13

32

13

32

22

316

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

73. 50
7 3 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

1
_

9
_

12
6
6

23
8
15

25

136
180
66

1

13

545
86

39. 0
40. 0

459
87

39. 0

63
10
53

40. 0

459

4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

1 ,2 0 9
192
152

277

3 9 .5

39. 5
38. 5

6 1 .0 0
6 7 . 50
5 8 . 50
6 6 .5 0

_
_
.

_

_

_

_
_
-

_
_

6 1 .5 0

58. 00
5 7. 00
5 8 .5 0
6 0 . 00
5 5 .0 0

73
_

63
_

79
-

52
_

115
2

73
_

63
_

79
_

52

-

_

-

113
1
6

10

1

53

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

1

"

”

■

~

“

■

“

1

_

-

_
.

.
_

_
_

1
_

41

-

9
_

12

_

1
_

12
_

"

9

1

12

41
4
37

61
5
56

_

9
_

83
21
62

9
.

23
_

86
_

9
_

23

86

-

145
46

117
25

117
22
95
4
10
35

1 ,6 6 8

9
53

9
47

9

49
22
27
10
16

3
47

17

99
19
36
17
20
7

73
34

100

271

49
51
32
12
3

168
103

1

-

-

-

-

•

_

14

4

_

_

_

_

.

4

19

44

19

2

4

"

191
73
118

102
56

72
17
55

32
8
24

26
25
1

.

_

-

33

16
14

-

-

14

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

1

2

-

-

-

-

68

36

3
-

19

5

25

48
37

7

13
55

-

-

3

5

24

1

19
2

24
24

6
6

-

-

-

-

4

43
16

10
15
5

39
16

21
15

23
13

6
4

71
18
53

57
-

39
10

29
-

57

19
16

21
20

29
8

29
10

9

68
2

46

108
45

25

2
-

4
-

-

63
-

19
-

2
-

4
-

-

10

-

-

-

-

11

fc

11
1

6
1
1

2
2
-

_

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

"

“

"

~

2, 514

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B ------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----P u b lic u t ilit ie s * —
W h o le s a le tr a d e —
F in a n c e * *
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p i c t u r e s ) ----------------------------------

5, 539
1 ,9 0 8
3, 631

3 9 .5
40. 0
3 9 .5

6 0 . 50
_
_

40. 0
3 9 .0

66. 50
56. 00
6 0 . 50
5 3 .5 0

.
_
.

-

_
_
-

_

“

-

-

9

23

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

5 2 .5 0
5 8 . 50

22
_

36

35
_

384

508

5

4 9 . 50
57. 50
55. 00

22
_

36

317
3 72

39. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0

35
_
_

3 79
2
_

29
479

2 ,2 1 6

38. 5

4 7 . 50

9

36

27

■

8

1, 1 4 8
1 ,3 6 6
246
903

462

3 9 .0

4 7 . 00

_

13

_
_

_

143
12
131
2

12
241
10

301
41
260
55

80

100

212

171

726
68

537
32
505

68 7
266
421

224

13
60

_

658
61

4

38

39
38

320

354

459

360

57

115

67

50

253

536

180
36
144

2 79

223

223

177

106

438

21

22

2

28

.

.

15 9
12 0

79
144

171
52

124
53

70
36

-

-

-

-

57
80

11
34

12
18

3

11
4

2
2

28

29
83

8
13
6

11

29
87

397
41
26

-

3

2

1

■

■

~

489
198

435
275
160

314
216

252
197

29

23
16
7

16
45
87

18
36

55
33
7

204
150
54

40

98

311
221
90
62
27

39
6

-

-

34

7

-

-

“

'

T y p i s t s , c l a s s A ------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g —
W h o le s a le tr a d e —
F i n a n c e * * ----------------

'

291
17
68

2 62

312
17
43
171

63

63

26

90

1 H ou rs r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th ese w e e k ly h o u r s .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n '( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




11

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

“

-

-

-

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings 1 fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
in L os A n ge le s, C alif. , by industry d iv isio n , M arch 1955)
Averaob
Sex, occu pation , and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

NU M B ER OF W O RK ER S RECE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E W EEKLY E A RN ING S OF

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

Is
9
9
$
s
s
t
$
1
$
$
S
$
S
9
$
$
9
$
$
150.00 *155.00
Under 62. 50 65. 00 67. 50 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 1 0 0 .0 0 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 $
and
and
$
under
62. 50 65. 00 67. 50 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 1 10 .0 0 115.00 1 2 0 .0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 over

M en
40. 0

124. 5.0

-

-

-

-

-

3

6

-

11

-

6

3

12

6

-

15

15

2

10

10

11

D ra ftsm en , s e n i o r ------------------------------------- 1,448
M anufacturing — ---------------------------------- 1,320
128
N onm anufacturing __ — ----------------------55
P u blic u tilities * — ----------------- —

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

95.
94.
100.
96.

00
50
50
50

_
-

1

2

62

56
48

117

157
155

91
72
19
13

101

5
7

99

12
12

30
28

1

-

-

“

-

-

2

1

_
"

21
21

20

15
15
-

18
17

2
2

173
155
18
5

12

8
1

167
137
30
23

91
71

2

309
302
7
4

485
392
93

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

79.
76.
92.
80.

50
50
50
50

9

50
48

60

19

15

55

10

5

9
7

36

4

8
6
2
2

36

2
2

107
107
-

1

15
-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

126
101

122

20

2
2

_

-

_

-

_

_

-

17

2
2

1

119

25

3

3

'

"

"

'

'

'

$

$
2 .8 0

D ra ftsm en , lea d er _ ______________

_____

D ra ftsm en , ju n io r --------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------ — — —
N onm anufacturing __ ---------------------------P u blic u tilities * __ _______________

115

26

-

-

1
1

2
2

13
13
-

25

25

59
3

2

48
46

21

20

83
77

7

2

4

5

6

4

-

2

-

4

9

5
5

10

23

111
6
1

2

-

5

W om en
N u r s e s, industrial ( r e g is t e r e d ) ---------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------N onm anufacturing __ __ __ __ -------------

479
408
71

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

80. 50
81. 00
77. 00

-

65
56
9

20
3 .

-

9

10

87
80
7

6
6

"

1

*

1
1

1
"

'

‘

H ours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their regular s tra ig h t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co r re s p o n d to these w eekly hours.
T ran sp ortation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilities.
NOTE: Data fo r nonm anufacturing do not include inform ation fo r departm ent s to r e s; the
rem ain der o f retail trade is app ropriately re p re se n te d in data fo r all industries
com bin ed and fo r nonm anufacturing.
"M otion p ic tu r e s " r e fe r s to m otion pictu re
production establishm ents (Group 7811) as defined in the Standard Industrial
C la ssifica tio n Manual (1949 edition) p rep ared by the Bureau o f the Budget.

Table A-3:

M aintenance and Powerplant O ccup atio n s

1

(A verage hourly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis
in L o s A n ge le s, C a lif. , by industry d iv isio n , M arch 1955)

Number
of
workers

O ccupation and industry division

C a rp en ters, m aintenance ....
M anufacturing
_. ................... _
Nonm anufactur ing
P u b lic u tilities*
.
M otion p ictu res
E le c tr ic ia n s , m aintenance
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
P u b lir u tilities*
M otion p ictu res

____

1,074
779
295
69
57
___

2,036
1 ,6 8 6

350
112
162

Average
hourly
earnings

$
2.30
2 .2 5
2 .4 4
2.28
2.89
2.42
2.37
2.67
2 .4 4
2.89

NUM BER OF W O RK ERS RECEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY EARN ING S OF—

$

$
s
$ ,
Under 1.55 1 .6 0 *1.65 1.70 1.75
and
$
under
1.55
1 .6 0 1.65 1.70 1.75 1.80

$
1.85

1.85

1.90

S

1.90

$
1.95

1.95 2 . 0 0

2 .0 0

$
$
$
2 .0 5 2 . 1 0 2 .1 5

2 .0 5

2

S

_

-

-

_

-

_

24
24

54
23
31

89
80
9

8

2

6

47
46

79
65
14

$

2 .2 0

$
2 .2 5

s

2 .3 0

2 .3 5

$
2.4 0

$

$

2.4 5

$

2 .5 0 *2.60 2.70

2 .2 5

2.30

2 .3 5

2 .4 0

2 .45

2 .50

2 .6 0

2 .70

2.80

2 .9 0

138
127

148
137

126

24

28

43

22

37

60

6

11

38
32

20
8

20

11
2

151
128
23

5
17

16
21

60

20

1

101

160

101

153
7

98
3

337
336

151
143

136

98
3

364
362
2

1
1

8
8

75
73

42
39
3

32
32
-

231
33
198

. 10 2 .1 5 2 . 2 0

7
4
3
1

_

76
63
13
3

47
38
9

58
56

88

18

23

57
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

3
3
3

1

2

2

1

147
117
30
26

61

2.9 0

$
3.00
and

3.00

over

_

_

$

I
-

-

_

40
40
_

_

162

See footn otes at end o f table.
* T ran sp ortation (exclud ing r a ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.




1.80

s

O ccupational Wage Survey, L os A n geles, Calif. , M arch 1955
U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics

NOTE:

Data fo r nonm anufacturing do not include inform ation fo r departm ent s to r e s; the
rem ain der o f retail trade is app ropriately re p resen ted in data fo r a ll industries
com bin ed and fo r nonm anufacturing.
"M otion p ic tu r e s " r e fe r s to m otion p ictu re
production establishm ents (Group 7811) as defined in the Standard Industrial
C la ssifica tio n Manual (1949 edition) p rep a red by the Bureau o f the Budget.

Table A-3: Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations - Continued
(A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
in L o s A n g e l e s , C a l i f . , b y in d u str y d iv is io n , M a r c h 1955)
NUM BER OF W ORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E HOURLY EARN ING S OF—
Number

Average

workers

Occupation and industry division

earnings

of

H elpers, trades, m aintenance 1__________
2

$
2 .3 4
2 .3 5
2 .3 3
2.31

.

118

S ervices (excluding m otion
p ictu res) .....

806
547
259
73

2.2 6

-

150
91

Engineers, stationary . _ _
_ ...
M anufacturing
................
__
Nonmanufacturing _ ........

1 .7 5

1.95

_
_

_
_

_
_

1.80 1 .8 5

1 .9 0

$
1.95 i . o o

1 .0 5

2 .1 0

1 .1 5 1 . 2 0

1.80

Under 1 .5 5 1 .6 0 1 .6 5 $
1.70
and
$
1.55 under
1.60 1.65 1.70 1.75

1.85

1.95

2 .0 0

2 .0 5

2 .1 0

2.15

2 .2 0

_
_

_
_

4
_
4

1.90

9
_
9

8
2
6

1
1

11
1
10

_

36
3
33

-

-

22

102
86

62
40

117

li>

22

17

-

61

141
132
9

2

49

-

284
284

89
89

105
105

2
2

112

28
28
_
-

255
230
25
25

61
61
_
-

19
5
14
_
14

20

10

17
17
_
_

_
_

7
7
_

51
41

30

71

2

16

66

2

19
15
4

68
12

14

5

1
1

10

878
837
41

5
5

30
30

102
102

256
256

107
107

164
164

145
145

12
12

38
27

18
18
_
-

12

9

136
133
3
-

497
496

11

50
50
_
-

143
131

_

1
1

117
41
76
18

135
72
63
33
-

166
63
103
25
50

814
162
652
602
19

88

183
183
_
-

255
244

430
417
13

203

232
232
.

22
22

20
20

1
1

872
668

2 .2 2
2 .2 0

204
54

2 .2 1

P ip efitters, m aintenance ________________
Manufacturing

588
488

2 .3 3
2 .38

P lu m bers, maintenance .. ..
Manufacturing

276
229

2 .3 3
2.27

23
21

14
5

191
170

2 .40
2.3 5

17
17

2,622
__ ___ 2 ,6 1 3

2 .5 5
2 .5 4

_
_
_

_
_
-

.
_
-

.
- j
- 1

.

_ !

_

_
.
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

-

28
23
5
4

3

35

1
2

22

_

13
5

90
26
64

-

53
53
-

96
92
4
4

43
17
26
26

.

.

.

_

_
-

10

2

8

-

_

_

2

8

_

_

56
54

24
24
-

.
.
-

.
_
-

12

34

-_
_
-

11
11

.
_
-

.

4
4

32
32 1

.

_

_
-

- |
-

_
_
-

_
_

12
12

i

2
2

_

. |

60
60
_
-

133
132

84
84

25
24

6

11

_

-

4

60
50
L
Q

P a in ters, m aintenance __________________
Manufacturing
...
....
.............
N onm anufacturing_____________________
Public u tilitie s *

_
_

4
_
4
_

-

-

3
3

1.85
1.85

.

20

-

-

429
426

.

_
_
_
_

.

10

-

-

10

_
_
-

_
_

33
23

b

O ilers _____ ______________ ________ ___
Manufacturing _
_
_ ...

_

_
-

ov er

10

27
27
_

14
14

2.3 6
2 .35

_
_ .
!
_

_
-

100

3.00

26
26
.

34
25
9

20

262
251

-

_
-

427
246
181

2 .9 0

33
_
33

8
6
2

13
13

2. 17
2. 17

.
-

32
9
23

2 .8 0

8

2

2 .5 0

31
4
27

31

1,859
1,718
141
98

16

_

16

60
59

11

-

37
28
9

5

48
48

136
128
8
1

_
_
124

169
8

161
154
69
30
39
16

.

8

2

.

6

12
12

56

11
8

_

168

62
26
15
6

8

35
33

54
. 54

68
68

13
13

.

_

12
12

-

-

-

-

88
66
22

49
23
26

76
57
19

10

103
9
9

_

_

20

10

_
18

_
-

_

34
31
3

16
16
_

60
60

17
17

21
10

_

_

_

.

10
10

16
16
_

34
34
_
-

91
36
55
-

_
_

-

33
_
33
_
-

_
_
_
-

.
.

_
.

_
_

_
_

*

-

-

-

8
8

-

_

_

-

2

_

2

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

144
144
-

21

9
7

38
30

6

-

2

8
6
2

22

15

2
2

8

22

8
6
2

.
.

80
77

269

1
1

38
38

10

16
16

6
8

44
42

53
53

66
66

43

21
21

12
12

20
20

4
4

3
3

9

26
26

57
57

151
151

131
131

444
444

173
173

1243
1243

111

1
1

60
42
18
5

1

8

89
53
36
32

1

85

6

3
3

47
47

16
16

5
5

21
21

13
11

2
2

7
7

6

3

12
12

2
2

20
20

13

3

2
2

Excludes prem iu m pay for o v e rtim e , and for w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
E stim ates are not com parable with those in e a r lie r studies due to d iffe re n ce s in the m ethod o f cla ssify in g certa in occupational groups.
* T ransportation (excluding ra ilr o a d s ), com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s.




117
56

1

M echanics, maintenance _ _.............
_
Manufacturing
. __ ___ .
N onm anufacturing_____________________
W holesale trade
.
_ ...

1
2

34
25
9

-

2.27
2 .2 5
2.28
2.27
2.27

„

2 .7 0

3
3

1,760
502
1,258

T ool and die m akers
Manufacturing _ ___________

2 .6 0

10

M echanics, autom otive (m a in ten a n ce)___
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public u tilitie s * __________________
W holesale trade

Sheet-m etal w o rk e rs , maintenance _____
Manufactur ing

2 .4 5

2

2 .4 3
2.42
2.56
2 .4 0

_ . ...

26
26

1 .8 6

2.26

2 .4 0

2 .3 5

10
10

1,501
1,375
126
47

________

2.3 0

9

M achinists, maintenance
Manufacturing .........
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilitie s *
... _

____ ____
......

$
$
s
$
$
2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .00
and

58
13

2 .3 4
2 .3 4

M illwrights ______
Manufacturing

$
2 .5 0

4

16

2 .0 1

2 .2 1
2 .2 1

186
181
5

$
$
2 .4 0 2 .4 5

7

-

1

, 1,302
1 302

143

12
12

2 .3 5

3
3

-

1.90
1.91

868

29
17

2

1,946
1 545
401

M achine-tool o p era tors , toolroom ___

38
18
20

2.25

$
$
2.2 5 2 .3 0

43

3
7
7

269

9

4

6
8

3
3

.

2
2

9

32

22
22

18

1

191
191

17
17

26
26

j

6
8

129
120

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s 2 s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in L o s A n g e l e s , C a lif. , b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M a r c h 1955)

OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
s
$
1.60 1.65 1.70 1.75 1.80 1.85 1.90 1.95 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50
and
T.65 1.70 1.75 1.80 1.85 1.90 1.95 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 over

NUM BER OF WORKERS R E CEIVING ST R A IG H T-TIM E HOURLY EARN ING S

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Guards
_
._
M anufacturing „ __ ________ „ __ __
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g____ ___________
M otion p ictu res
J an itors, p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
(m en) _
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g_____________________
P u b lic u tilities * ___________________
W holesale trade ___________________
F inance * * ___________________________
S e r v ic e s (exclud ing m otion
p i c t u r e s ) ___ _ ____
_ ________
M otion p ictu res ____________________
J an itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e r s
(wom en)
M a n u fa ctu rin g ____,_____________________
N onm anufacturing
Finanrft
M otion p ictu res

Num
ber
of
workers

2,678
2,056
622
293

$
&
S
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly Under 1.05 1 .1 0 1.15 1 .2 0 §1.2 5 1.30 1.35 1.40 1.45 1.50
earnings
and
$
1.05 under
_1 .H L L. 15 1 . 2 Q 1 .2 5 JLH L 1.35 1.40 1.45 1.50 1.55
$
1 .8 6
6
21
62
75
19
_
_
_
_
_
1.87
5
9
19
69
1.85
6
14
12
6
43
1.99

10,051
4 ,9 3 3
5, 118
519
349
98 3

1.51
1.62
1.41
1.58
1.58
1.24

1,964
220

2 ,2 0 0

344
1,856
649
122

134
23

197
54
143
16

9

35

10

2
21

14
99

12

8

2

12

593

40

25

45
18

69

47

14

499

581

130

87

4
_

27 3
27 3
3

1.31
1.71

107

172

1.27
1.56

158
158

1 .2 2

3133

1.84
1.84
1.84
1.90
1.85

9
_
9

L a b o r e r s , m a teria l h an d lin g______ ____
M anufacturing ...
. ..
_.
...... . .
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u b lic u tilities *
W holesale t r a d e ____________________

8,576
3,979
4, 597

O rd er fille r s
_ _
M anufacturing
N on m an u factu rin g_____________________
W holesale trade

3, 128
516

1 .8 8

1,478

1.83

-

1,367
515
852
829

1.73
1.73
1.73
1.73

. |
-

P a c k e r s , shipping (w om en) _____________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________

333
313

1 .6 1
1 .6 1

R eceivin g c le r k s
_
_ _
M anufacturing
....
Nonm anufacturing ____________________
W holesale trade

1,246
626
620

1.92
1.90
1.94

312

Shipping c l e r k s ____ _____________________
M anufacturing
... ...
.....
N onm anufacturing
W holesale t r a d e ____________________

914
456
458
414

.
_

169
169

P a c k e r s , shipping (m en)
M anufacturing
__
.
..
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g_____________________
W holesale trade
___

*
\

1,722

344
143
201

110

-

3
3

-

-

-

_

1 .8 6

-

33
5
28

12

36

-

-

22

14

12

14

74
65
9

15
1

491
396
95
38

1

-L tQ
J

!

105
100

5

1

16
6

669
546
123
14
35
7

19

35

31

85
29
56

764
675
89

74
70
4

145
128
17
17

147
129
18
-

136
92
44
4

176
158
18
-

471
409
62
-

873
458
415
73
18

1012

225
171
54

248
202

283
156
19

46

2

2

1

95
218

45

10

34
_

1303
102 0

411
601
54
26
_

1

17
-

9

_

-

-

-

122

-

101

289
203

1
2

18

75

1139
466
673
3
71

8 37

36

407
270
137
3
60

123
3

100

56

144

34

22

68

66
2

66
66

34
34

76
76

64
64

12

82
19
1

86
2

42
42
.

*

-

10
10

11
11

12

_

20
20

8

_

-

12

8

_

_

-

-

_

_

_
-

.
-

_
_

.

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

12

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

3
9

8
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2191
58 5 822
252 1369
17
4
235
584

1053
349
704
489
107

307
13
294
51
94

569
103
466
417
30

576
392
184
.
96

342
90
252
_

116

322
322
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

214
67
147
147

476
40
436
350

148
148
138

621
18
603

206

343
91
252
174
165
26
139
136

176
176
-

109
108
96

_
-

17
17
-

103
55
48
47 1

113
77
36
32

140
13
127
35

47

74 !
42
32 j
32

97

40
7
33
30

127

12

14

6

-

36

.

_

26

62

48

21

-

-

51
51

79
71

_

67
64
3

48

147
18
129

100
100

86

310
272

2

6

28
28

71
71

396

7
-

12

-

667
660

10

36
_

30
15
15
14

17
17

57
57
-

1.55

14

4

-

26
26

62

48
16

3
18
18

120

22

4

3
3
-

20

102

74

21

16
4
-

33
69
69

11

13

70
27
43
43

41
33

8
8

98
74
24
24

36
26

63
63

10
10

8
8

418
46
372
372

_

_

9
-

3
3

29
29

45
45

170
170

66
66

3

18
5
13
-

20

28
24
4

46
19
27
27

30
30

67
67
-

28
12

65
54

101
68

16
16

11
11

33

4

12

4
4

33
33

5
5

12
12

-

-

-

55
52
3
3

80
72 j

4
4

3
3
3

71
48
23

210

62
54
54

197

106

8

-

-

-

_
- !
- i
- :

.

-

_
-

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
.

_
-

.
-

.
-

13

_
-

_
-

22

-

-

-

-

1

13

-

-

1 .8 8

-

-

- !

4

22
8

2 .0 2

.

_

_

_ i

1.95
2.09
2.09

-

-

“

"

NOTE:

533
397
136
58
52

1

-

“

61
37
24

-

10

14

7
7

.

-

31
27
4

;
!
!
|

1

i

See footn otes at end o f table.
* T ran sp ortation (excluding ra ilro a d s), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
** F inan ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.




25

228 1021
5
3
223 1018
215
144

1.77

2 ,6 1 2

988

839
148
691
35

1200

-

1. 14
1.71

72
72
31

1225
25

368
152
216

79
_
79
-

342
342
_
145

111

$
1

4

1

-

i
}

-

_

_

-

■

-

-

~

20
20

24

2

*

-

-

~

i

377
168
209

8
8

16

'1
|

6

1

j

20

77

7
7

O ccupational Wage Survey, L os A n geles, C a lif., M arch 1955
U .S . DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau o f Labor Statistics

Data fo r nonm anufacturing do not include inform ation fo r departm ent s to r e s; the
rem ain der o f retail trade is app ropriately rep resen ted in data fo r all industries
com bin ed and for nonm anufacturing. "M otion p ic tu re s " r e fe r s to m otion pictu re
production establishm ents (Group 7811) as defined in the Standard Industrial
C la ssifica tio n Manual (1949 edition) prepared by the Bureau o f the Budget.

-

-

-

-

-

197
7

106
90

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

13
13
-

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

206
84

28

122

18
8

89
51
38
36

123
54
69
-

95
23
72
64

76
53
23
9

20

-

68

59
57

10

-

5
3

1
1

2
2

13

108

12
1
1

-

17
17

108
108

“

1

10

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued
(A verage hourly earnings 1 fo r s e le cte d occupations 23 studied on an area basis
*
in L os A n ge le s, C a lif., by industry division , M arch 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ______________
M a n u f a c t u r in g
_ . N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________

Number
of

497
283
214

Average
hourly
earnings

$
1 .9 7
1 .9 7
1 .9 6

T r u c k d r i v e r s , l i g h t ( u n d e r l V z t o n s ) ____
M a n u f a c t u r in g __________________
_________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
__
_____
W h o le s a le t r a d e _
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s .......
.
..
_

1 ,8 1 0
571
1 ,2 3 9
420
1 10

1 .9 1
1 .7 9
1 .9 7
1 .9 4
2 .3 0

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m ( I V 2 to a n d
in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
_
. _ _
M a n u f a c t u r in g _ _
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _
_ _
W h o le s a le tr a d e
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ________________ __ _

4 ,4 2 7
1 ,3 6 6
3 ,0 6 1
1 ,8 2 0
807
94

2 .0 3
2 .0 8
2 .0 1
1 .9 7
2 .0 3
2 .3 0

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
tr a ile r ty p e )
______________________________ _
M a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________ __
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * ______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e
_ _ ....
M o t i o n p i c t u r e s ___________ _
_ .

2 ,7 7 9
916
1 ,8 6 3
773
379
57

2 . 15
2 .1 7
2 . 14
2 .0 2
2 .1 8
2 .3 0

$
$
U n d e r 1 .0 5 1 .1 0
and
$
1 .0 5 u n d e r
1 .1 5
1 .1 0

$
$
S
$
s
s
$
%
%
$
$
$
$
1 .4 0
1 .4 5
1 .5 0
1 .5 5
1 .6 0 1 .6 5 1 .7 0 1 .7 5
1 .8 0 1 . 8 5
1 .9 0
1 .9 5 2 .0 0

1 .1 5

$
1 .2 0

s
1 .2 5

$
1 .3 0

1 .3 5

1 .2 0

1 .2 5

1 .3 0

1 .3 5

1 .4 0

1 .4 5

1 .5 0

1 .5 5

1 .6 0

1 .6 5

1 .7 0

1 .7 5

1 .8 0

1 .8 5

-

-

13
13

-

-

-

21
21

-

“

~

"

2
2

-

“

39
23
16

38
38

s

2 .1 0

$

$
$
2 .2 0 2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .5 0

over

and
1 .9 0

1 .9 5

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

81
63
18

98
98

73
24
49

103
30
73

10
10

4
4

~

80
53
27
8

88
66
22
22

257
30
227
-

272
34
238
234

169
5
164
n o

|

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

~

-

“

'

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

19
18

3
3
-

-

3
3
-

-

■

■

1
1
-

70
63
7
-

-

24
21
3
-

119
119
116

26
24
2
-

51
45
6
4

"

■

19
-

"

~

"

~

■

60
50
10
-

1 43
79
64
12

1

5
5

I
349 i
35 1
314
3

73
66
7
3

-

"

_

.

-

-

10
10

■

-

-

■

~

"

~

*

-

1 86
92
94
88

160
70
90
5
85

2225
194
2031
1683
303

5 76
165
411
129
84

532
476
56
40

437
282
155
-

164
164
162

6
6
-

.
-

"

■

30
21
9

-

_
-

.
-

-

-

-

~

-

-

_
-

"

-

-

-

~

"

-

-

-

44
44

-

36

-

34
25
9
3
-

~

*

“

24
24
-

9
“

53
17
36

"

“

"

"

~

*

-

■

94

"

“

■

-

54
54

15
15

27
1
26
26

31
23
8
8

329
329
287
22

810
194
616
486
76

268
131
137
4

534
90
444
173
57

359
88
271
70

296
264
32
-

12
12
-

“

-

39
4
35
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

-

~

~

"

“

-

"

■

~

■

"

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

-

1 53
153

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
24
24

3
3
-

256
64
1 92
-

232
129
103
60

224
224
1 80

477
90
387
278
61

84
66
18
-

24
24

- !

14
14

-

38
38

79
79

264
263
1
1

177
1 33

222
125
97

288
288
-

67

“

829
455
374
220
18

157
48
1 09
2

314
27
287
135

92
88

-

278
206
72
-

244
8

20

.

■

-

-

-

-

_ 1

-

■

"

i
T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
o t h e r t h a n t r a i l e r t y p e ) ___________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ _______ ________
W h o le s a le tr a d e
...__ _
_ _

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (fo r k lift) _
M a n u f a c t u r in g ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________ _________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s * _______________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __
_
__ _

1 ,5 1 2
5 29
983
5 42
61

2 . 10
2 .0 1
2 . 15
2 . 18
2 .3 0

2 ,7 9 9
1 ,8 1 1
988
234
255

-

_
-

-

i

-

-

-

|

1 .9 8
1 .9 3
2 .0 8
2 .0 3
2 .0 8

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( o t h e r t h a n f o r k l i f t ) __
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________
__ _________

763
481

1 ,0 5 2
702
3 50

1 .5 0
1 .5 3
1 .4 5

-

-

15
15

1 .9 3
1 .8 1

W a t c h m e n ________ _____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
__________________ _

_

120
65
55

-

13
13

3
-

3

28
10
18

45
45

84
42
42

89
86

22
18

3

4

71
60
11

84

48
36

_

23
23

44
13
29

“

20
20

27
27

25
25

162
142

26
26

139
133

62
62

23
23

21
20
1

138
126
12

64
60

14
10

28
25
3

44

28
28

-

4

1 05
60
45

44

4

!

E xcludes prem iu m pay for o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
Data lim ited to men w ork ers except w here otherw ise indicated.
W ork ers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 1 at $ 0. 95 to $ 1; 132 at $ 1 to $ 1. 05.
* T ran sportation (excluding ra ilr o a d s ), com m u nication, and other public u tilities.




.
■

2
-

-

2

4

-

.

-

49

1
1
2
3

■

4

49

-




11

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
T a b le B-l: Shift D ifferen tial P ro visio n s 1
P ercen t of m anufacturing plant w o rk e rs—
(a)
In establishm ents having
fo rm a l p ro v isio n s fo r —

Shift differen tial

Second shift
w ork

Total

9 4 .5

With shift pay differential

.....

71z
/

18.7

3.2

8 2.7

18.7

3.2

2 2 .8

15. 7

1. 5

_

.2

.

_

.6

_

1.7
.3
5

.7
A

_

.1
.3
. 1
A
.1
.1

1.3
6. 3
8. 1
2. 1
3 2.2
-

3.5
1.7
-

8.

_
........ ....
_ ___

3.2
. 1
.5

1 .2

-

9 .6

_

.7
8. 1
2 .3
.4
4 .9

7 .5

1 .2

4. 5

U niform percentage

_

.7

19.4
.5
2 .2

1. 5
-

.6

.1

_

3 .6
3.4
.5

-

5. 1

.5
-

A
.1
~

2 .6

2 .9

.2

.1

2. 5

-

Full day1s pay fo r reduced hours

_ ..

Full pay fo r reduced hours,
plus cents differential _ _ _

... .... _
_

_ . ...

4 1 .4

.4

3.7

2. 1

.7

2 .5

Paid lunch p eriod, plus cents differen tial

No shift pay differential

T h ird o r other
shift

7 3 .6

4 cents
5 cents _ _
............
6 cents _________________ _
7 or
cents ______________________________________
8 cents _____________
9 cents
10 c e n t s ____________ ____
12 cents
. .
13. 13*/^. o r I 3 V4 cents
_ _
_
15 c e n t s _____________________________
O ver 15 cents

Other _ _

82 .7

Second shift

9 4 .5

U niform cents (per hour)

5 percen t
7 V> percen t
10 percen t
12 percent

T h ird o r other
shift w ork

(b)
A ctually w orking on—

6 .0

.5

1 .0

.4
A

_... ............

1
Shift differential data are presen ted in te rm s of (a) establishm ent p o lic y , and (b) w ork ers actually em ployed on late
shifts at the tim e of the survey. An establishm ent was con sid ered as having a p o licy if it met either of the follow ing conditions:
( l) Operated late shifts at the tim e o f the survey, o r (2) had fo rm a l p ro v isio n s coverin g late shifts.
A L e ss than 0. 05 p ercent.

O ccupational Wage Survey, L o s A n geles, C a lif. , M arch 1955
U .S . DEPARTM EN T OF LABO R
Bureau of Labor Statistics

12

Table B-2: Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers 1
N um ber o f e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith s p e c ifie d m in im u m h ir in g rate

N u m ber o f e sta b lis h m e n ts with s p e c ifie d m in im u m h irin g rate

B a s e d on standard w e e k ly h o u r s 2 o f—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s
A ll
s ch e d u le s

E sta b lish m e n ts studied ______________

__

296

40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

110

XXX

186

37 V2

XXX

B a s e d on stan dard w e e k ly h o u r s 2 of—

A ll
in du stries
A ll
sch e d u le s

40

XXX

296

110

40

XXX

A ll
s c h e d u le s

186

37 ll z

XX X

40

XXX

F<DR O TH ER INISX PE R IE N C E D C L E R IC A L W ORKERS

F O R IN E X P E R [ENCED T Y P IS I’ S

E sta b lish m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d
m in im u m ___ _________________________

N on m an u factu rin g

M anufacturin g

N onm an u factu rin g

M anufacturin g
M in im um rate
(w eekly s a la r y )

_

164

70

66

94

10

77

163

70

66

93

8

78

under $ 35. 00 ____________
under $ 37. 50 ____________
under $ 4 0 . 00 ______
under $ 4 2 .5 0
___________
under $ 4 5 . 00 ____________
under $ 4 7 . 50 ____________
under $ 50. 00 ____________
under $ 5 2 . 50 ____________
under $ 55. 00 ____________
under $ 57. 50 ____________
und er $ 60. 00 ____________
under $ 62. 50 ____________
under $ 65. 00 ____________
under $ 67. 50 ____________
under $ 70. 00 ____________
o v e r _______________________

1
2
6
15
21
25
17
25
8
13
9
7
8
4
3

1
2
3
5
11
9
17
6
7
6
1
1
1

1
2
3
5
10
9
16
4
7
6
1
1
1

-

-

1
2
12
17
19
22
16
20
13
11
11
5
5
7
2

1
2
5
8
5
9
14
9
8
6
1
1
1

1
2
5
8
5
8
13
7
8
6
1
1
1

2
10
12
11
17
7
6
4
3
5
5
4
6
1

-

2
4
12
16
14
8
8
2
6
3
6
7
4
2

1
4
8
11
11
7
6
1
6
3
6
7
4
2.

1
8
9
7
13
7
6
3
3
5
5
4
~
6
1

_

65

18

XX X

47

XX X

XXX

68

18

XXX

50

XXX

------

66

22

XXX

44

XXX

XXX

64

22

XXX

42

XXX

XXX

In form ation not a v a ila b le ________________

1

XXX

XXX

XX X

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

$ 32. 50
$ 35. 00
$ 37. 50
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 47. 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 60. 00
$ 62. 50
$ 65. 00
$ 67. 50
$ 70. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

E sta b lish m en ts having no
s p e c ifie d m in im u m ___________________
E sta b lish m en ts w hich did not
em ploy w o r k e r s in this
c a t e g o r y ---------------- -------------------------

1

3
3
2
1
1
-

-

1

2
2
2
2
-

•
'

XX X

1 L ow est sa la r y rate fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d f o r h irin g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s f o r typing o r o th e r c l e r i c a l jo b s .
2 H ou rs r e fle c t the w ork w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s . Data a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll w o rk w eek s co m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n w o rk w e e k s .




O ccu p ation a l W age S u r v e y , L o s A n g e le s , C a lif. , M a r c h 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

13

Table B-3: Frequency of Wage Payment
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E

W ORKERS EM PLOYED

IN -

F r e q u e n c y o f paym en t
A ll
!
in d u stries

A ll w o r k e r s

_

^

W e e k l y .......... .. ......................... ................................. ............
B iw e e k ly _ __ _ _ _____________________________ _ _
S em im on th ly
M o n t h l y __ _ _ _______________ ____________________
O t h e r __ ________________ _ _ ________ ___________________________________

100

41
21

36
A

M a n u fa ctu rin g

100

P u b lic
u tilitie s

*

100

100

A
80
19

68
6

24
A

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

22
26

51
A

_

PE R C EN T OF PLAN T
S e r v ic e s
( e x c lu d in g
m o tio n
p ic t u r e s )

F in a n ce * *

100

100

7
31
59
3

31
A
68

A

ia o tio n

pictures 2

A ll
3
in d u strie s

100

100

100

72

M a n u f a c tu r in g

100

-

20

_

8
_

W h o le s a le
trade

100

IN —

S e r v ic e s
( e x clu d in g
m o t io n
p ic tu r e s )

M o t io n

pictures 2

100

100

8

_

100

50

55

100

73
19

85
13
A

_

W ORKERS EM PLOYED

P u b lic
u tilitie s *

29

_

21

_

8

33

_

_
_
_

4

A

1 In clu d es data fo r r e t a il tra d e (e x ce p t departm ent stores) in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 L im ite d to e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r im a r ily engaged in the p ro d u ctio n o f m o tio n p ic tu r e s (G roup 7811) as d efin ed in the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual (1949 e d itio n ) p r e p a r e d by the Bureau
the B u dget.
3 In clu d es data f o r r e t a il tra d e (e x ce p t departm ent s to r e s ) and r e a l e sta te in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
A L e s s than 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o rta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
** F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .

of

Table B-4: Scheduled Weekly Hours
P E R C E N T O F O F F I C E W O R K E R S 1E M P L O Y E D

IN —

W eek ly h o u rs
A ll
2
in d u stries

A l l w o r k e r s __ __ _

35 h o u r s —
...
^
O v er 35 and under 37% h o u r s
..............
371 h o u r s __ ___
/*
__
O v e r 3 1 l/t and u n d er 40 h ou rs
40 h ou rs _
___ ......................
42 h o u rs - __ _____ __ __ __ __ __ ____________
44 h ou rs _ _ _ _ _ _ _
..........
O ver 44 and un d er 48 h o u r s
_ . _
48 h o u rs __ __ __ __ „ „ __ ________ __
O ver 48 h o u rs _

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic
u tilitie s

*

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

F in a n c e

100

100

100

100

100

A
A
7
4
86
_
A
A
_

_
A
A
97
_
A
A
_

_
_
_
100
_
_
_
_

A
A
6
90
_
A
A
_

3
20
12
65

**

PERCEN T

Servioes
( excluding
motion
pictures)

100

9

_
_
_
_

22
9
58
_
A
A

Motion ,
pictures 3

A ll
4
in d u strie s

M a n u fa ct u r in g

100

100

100

_
_
_
100

A
A
A
90
A
A
A
4
A

3
_
89
A
A
A
3
A

_
_
_
_

_

OF

P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

P u b lic 5
u tilitie s

100

_
_

*

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

100

_
_

_
97

A
91

_

3
3
A

_
3

S e r v ic e s
(e x c lu d in g
moll o n ,
p ic tu r e s )

100

A
A
77

_
_

A
12
6

M o tio n
p ic tu r e s 3

100

_
_

_
94

_
_
6

1 Data r e la te to w om en w o r k e r s only.
3 In clu d es data f o r r e t a il tra d e (e x ce p t departm ent s to r e s) in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L im ite d to e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r im a r ily engaged in the p r o d u ctio n o f m o tio n p ic tu r e s (G roup 7811) as d efin ed in the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual (1949 e d ition ) p r e p a r e d by the B ureau o f
the B udget.
s In clu d es data f o r r e t a il tra d e (e x ce p t departm ent s t o r e s ) and r e a l esta te in a dd ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
E s tim a te s d iffe r su b s ta n tia lly fr o m those in p r e v io u s s tu d ie s , due to the e x c lu s io n o f ta x ic a b c o m p a n ie s fr o m the s c o p e o f a re a w id e stu d ies (s e e s c o p e t a b le , page 2, footn ote 4).
A L e s s than 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
* T r a n s p o rta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
O ccu p a tion a l W age S u rv ey , L o s A n g e le s , C a lif. , M a rch 1955
 c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
* * F in a n
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F LABO R
Bureau o f L a b or S tatistics
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

14

Table B-5: Paid Holiday Provisions 1
PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—
Item

A ll w o rk e rs

-----------------------------------------------------------

All 2
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities *

W
holesale
trade

Finance **

Services
( excluding
motion
pictures )

Motion _
pictures

All
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities *

W
holesale
trade

.Services
( excluding
motion
pictures)

Motion 3
pictures

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
A
A
64
13
17
A
A
4

100
A
A
84
10
5
-

100
_
14
6
80
A
-

100
47
34
19
-

100
49
10
17
7
17

100
-

100
100
-

94
A
A
A
65
16
11
A
-

98
A
A
A
79
11
6
-

93
20
8
64
-

96
52
28
16
-

72
5
A
57
5
A
A
-

100
“
100
"
~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

A

7

4

28

~

51
42
7

79
68
8

17
4
12

44
30
7

13
13
-

30
20
10

3
3

68
39
25

79
51
23

27
7
18

54
29
15

60
10
50

100
100

A
A
A

A
A
A

-

3
A
A

-

-

-

3
A

4
“
A

A
-

8
~
3

"
"
-

~
~
■

A

A

-

A

A

A

-

6

A

A

A

A

■

49

21

83

56

86

68

97

21

17

64

40

10

99
97
A

100
97
3

100
93
7

97
96
A

100
100
-

96
96
-

100
100
-

92
86
5

97
94
4

93
84
6

96
84
10

67
63
5

100
100
"

-

-

-

-

-

-

■
-

A
“
-

"
“
"

A
~

A

“

~

“

"
”
"

A

-

-

-

-

A

~

”

"

■

N u m ber o f paid h olid a y s
W ork ers in es ta b lis h m en ts p r o v id in g paid
h olid ays ---------------------------------------------------------------2 days ---------------------------------------------------------------4 days ---------------------------------------------------------------5 days ___ - __ ______ ___________ _______________
6 days ---------------------------------------------------------------7 days ---------------------------------------------------------------8 days ---------------------------------------------------------------9 days -----------------------------------------------------------------10 days --------------------------------------------------------------11 days --------------------------------------------------------------W ork ers in esta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g no paid
h olid ays ----------------------------------------------------------------

59
31
7
4
-

-

5

P r o v is io n s f o r h olid a y s o c c u r r in g
on n onw ork days 4
With p r o v is io n s f o r h olid a ys fa llin g on
S a tu r d a y ---------------------------------------------------------------A n oth er day o ff w ith pay -------- •
----------------------E xtra d a y 's pay ----------------------------------------------Option o f an oth er day o ff o r ex tra
d a y 's p a y ------------------------------------------------------P r o v is io n s d iffe r fo r v a r io u s h o lid a ys --------Other p r o v is io n s --------------------------------------------Saturday is a sch ed u led w ork d a y f o r all
w o rk e rs ---------------------------------------------------------------No p r o v is io n s (or no pay) f o r h olid a y s
fa llin g on S a t u r d a y ---------------------------------------------W ith p r o v is io n s f o r h olid a ys fa llin g on
Sunday ------------------------------------------------------------------A n oth er day o ff w ith pay --------------------------------E xtra d a y 's p a y ----------------------------------------------Option o f a n oth er day o ff o r e xtra
d a y 's p a y ---------------------------------------------------------P r o v is io n s d iffe r fo r v a r io u s h o lid a y s ------Other p r o v is io n s ---------------------------------------------Sunday is a sch ed u led w o r k day f o r all
w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------------No p r o v is io n s (or no p a y) f o r h olid a y s
fa llin g on Sunday -----------------------------------------------W ith p r o v is io n s f o r h olid a ys fa llin g
during v a c a tio n ----------------------------------- -------------A n oth er day o ff w ith pay —---------------------------E xtra d a y 's p a y ----------------------------------------------Option o f a n oth er day o ff o r extra
d a y 's p a y -------------------------------------------------------P r o v is io n s d iffe r f o r v a r io u s h o lid a y s --------Other p r o v is io n s ---------------------------------------------No p r o v is io n s (or no pay) f o r h olid a ys
fa llin g during v a c a t i o n -------------- -------------------------

A

-

-

-

A

A

3

3

'

A

A

~

'

100
100
-

87
38
37

92
28
51

93
70
6

93
63
22

52
25
4

100
100
-

■
-

12
"
A

13
"
'

17
“
“

8
~
“

17

“
“
■

7

7

3

9 r»
2U

87
53
27

97
33
54

100
80
4

89
74
6

60
60
-

85
76
A

8
A

10
-

16
-

10
-

-

3
5

13

3

11

40

15

5

~
6

■

'
1 E s tim a te s in clu d e on ly fu ll-d a y h o lid a ys p r o v id e d ann ually.
2 Inclu des data f o r r e ta il tra d e (e x ce p t depa rtm en t s t o r e s ) in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
. . . .
,,
_
. .. .
\
, .
_
3 L im ited to e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r im a r ily engaged in the p r o d u c tio n o f m o tio n p ic tu r e s (G roup 7811) as defin ed in the Standard Industrial C la s s ific a t io n M anual (1949 e d itio n ) p r e p a r e d by the B u rea u
o f the Budget.
4 In clu des data f o r r e t a il tra d e (e x ce p t d ep a rtm en t s t o r e s ) and r e a l estate in ad d ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
5 E s tim a te d iffe r s s u b s ta n tia lly fr o m that in p r e v io u s stu d ie s , due to the e x c lu s io n o f ta x ica b co m p a n ie s fro m the s co p e o f are a w id e studies (se e s c o p e ta b le, p a ge 2, footn ote 4 ;.
6 L im ite d to p r o v is io n s in e sta b lis h m e n ts having a fo r m a l p o l ic y app lying when h o lid a y s o c c u r on n on w ork d ays; s o m e of the e s tim a te s w ould be s lig h tly h ig h e r if p r a c t ic e s d e te r m in e d in fo r m a lly as
the situ ation o c c u r s w e re in clu d e d .
„
.
.
,
^
A L e s s than 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
O ccu p ation a l W age S u r v e y , L os A n g e le s , C a lif. , M a r c h 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
Digitized for*FRASERrta tio n (exclu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilit ie s .
T ra n sp o
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s
** F in a n ce , in s u
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

15

Table B-6: Paid Vacations
P E R C E N T OF O F FIC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

V a ca tio n p o lic y

1

Public
utilities ❖

Wholesale
trade

Motion
pictures 2

An
i
industries

Manufacturing

100

A ll w o r k e r s

Finance * *

P E R C E N T OF P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Services
(excluding
motion
pictures )

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
91
9

100
83
17

100
93
7

100
100

100
100

-

-

100
95
5

-

-

-

-

11

93

A

A

79
7
_

5
_
_
_

34
3
64
_
_
_

99
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

A
U

industries

1

5
*

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

, Serrioee
(excluding
motion
pictures )

j

Motion 2
pictures *

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
85
15

99
82
17

100
79
21

100
92
8

96
96

93
79
14

100

_

-

A

-

4

7

68

60
_
28

3
_

81
7
13
_
_
_

M ETHOD O F PA YM E N T
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s
L e n g t h -o f-t im e paym en t ____________________
P e r c e n t a g e paym en t __ _____ __________ .
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s ________ ________________________________

-

-

_

100
-

AM O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_ ........ _
..
...
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w eek s
O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s
......
_
3 w eek s
O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w eek s and o v e r
_

21
A
74
A
3
_
A

A

A

23
72
_
_
_
4

_
_
100
_
_
_

19

_
100
_
_
_

-

58
4
34

54
5
38

A
A
A
A

A

-

-

-

A

23
6
66

29
8
58
A

30
3
64
_
_

31

A
A
A
A

9
7
84
_
_

-

-

-

8
5
82

10
7
77

4
7
89

8

14

88

74

_

_

A
A

A

26
_
_
_

4
A

_
100
_
_
_

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
4

3

9

4

A

A

A

A

92

88

A

A

3
_

7
-

90
_
_
_

94
_
_
_

_
_
100
_
_
_

A

-

-

-

-

A
A

A
A

_

A

_

A

_

A

_

_

_

_

92

87

98

99

96

94

100

A

A

_

_

_

_

_

A

A

_

6

10

_

_

4

3

5

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

4

-

A
A

_

A

-

-

-

A
A

1 w eek
O v er 1 and under 2 w eek s
_
.......
2 w eek s
. . ...... . ..
O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s
3 w eek s ___________________________________________
O v er 3 and under 4 w eek s
4 w eek s and o v e r
....... _
...

4
5
89

91

A

78
_
_
_
4

-

3
_

_

.

A

56
.
4
A
A

_
100
_

_

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________ __ ___________ _____ ________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s
.... .. .. .
2 w eek s
O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s
_ ... _
3 w eek s
_.
_ ___
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s
4 w eek s and o v e r

-

-

A

_

A

_

A

.

A

_

_

_

_

A
A

A

_

90

88

98

100

88

A

A

_

_

A

7

11

11

_

87
3
8

_

_

_
_

91
5
4

83

A

94
3
3
_

_

_

_

_
_

_

4

.

100

.
_
_

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v er 1 and under
2 w eek s
O v er 2 and under
3 w eek s ___
O v er 3 and under
4 w eek s and o v e r

__
2 w eek s ______________________
3 w eek s
_
4 w eeks

_ ..
... _
........................

.

6

A

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o rta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a ilr o a d s ), co m m u n ica tio n , and other p u b lic u tilitie s ,
** F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




N OTE:

4

A
A

_

_

'

A

_

.

A
_

A
A

6

_
_

82

A
A

_
_
_
_

100

'

3

O ccu p a tion a l W age S u rv ey , L o s A n g e le s , C a lif. , M a rch 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F LA BO R
B u rea u o f L a b or S ta tistics

In the tabulations o f v a ca tio n a llo w a n c e s by y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym en ts o th er than "len gth o f t im e " ,
such as p e rce n ta g e o f annual e a rn in g s o r fla t -s u m p a y m e n ts, w e r e c o n v e r te d to an equ ivalen t tim e
b a s is ; for e x a m p le , a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.

16

Table B-6: Paid Vacations - Continued
P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E

W ORKERS EM PLOYED

V a ca tion p o lic y
A ll
in d u s trie s

A ll w o r k e r s ___

_____ „

__

— —

----------

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

IN —

PERCEN T OF PLAN T W O RK ERS EM PLOYED

Services
(excluding
p is t e .)

IN —

Services
Motion
pictures a

A ll
3
in d u strie s

P u b lic
u tilitie s *

W h o le s a le
trad e

Motion

M a n u fa ct u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s *

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

A
80
3
17
A

A
80

A
95
A
3
“

A
80
3
17
-

73
10
17
-

A
76
18
4

.
100
-

A
80
A
14
A
A

A
80
A
16
-

9
78
5
7
-

A
65
A
27
-

6
79
5
A
3

_
100
■

A
19
A
80

A
30

A
40
A
54
A
A

A
29
A
64
4

9
13
A
76
-

A
32
62
-

6
73
11
A
3

100
-

A
38
A
54
A
A

A
29
A
64

9
5
A
84
-

A
31

6
73
11
A

A
38
A
50
A
6

A
29
A
60

1
3
*

F in a n ce * *

M a n u fa ctu r in g

pictures J ,

p ic tu r e s

AM O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y - C ontinued

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

2 w eek s ____ _____ _____ __
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _ __
3 w eeks _________________ ______
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s __
4 w eeks and o v e r ____ _____ _

__ _
__ _ __
—
_
__ __ __
__
__

—
__
—
__
__

_
„
—
—
_

-

20
~

"

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

Under 2 w e e k s ____________ _________________________
2 w eek s _______ __ _____
__ ------- __ __ __
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s
________________ ___
3 w eeks _____________________ ___ ___ ______ ___ _____
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s _______________________
4 w eeks and o v e r _________________________________

A
30
A
64
3
A

A
15
_

77
7

-

-

69

.
49
5
42

A
52
42

-

-

-

A

“

4

4

A
26

15

_
100
-

■

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

Under 2 w eek s ____________________________________
2 w eeks ____ ___________________ _ _ _ _ ------------ — ---------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ____________________________________
3 w eek s
___
__
________ ______
—
— -------- —
—
—
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s
____ _ _
__
________
4 w eeks and o v e r ____________ _ _ ________ _ _ ________ _ _

A
20
A
71
3
5

A
14
-

77
7
A

A
9
A
90
"

.

A
52

_
100

-

-

-

-

73

68

42

-

-

-

-

-

A

17

4

A
23

13

A
52

-

4
A

-

61
A

-

100
-

3

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

U nder 2 w eek s _____ ________ ________ _ _ ________ _ _ -------2 w eeks _____ ____________________ _____ ____ — --- -----------------------O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s
____
__
________ _____
3 w eek s ______ _ _ _____________ — — „
-----------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s _ _ _ _____
__
-------4 w eeks and o v e r __________ ________ — _______ _ _ --------

A
19
A
63
3
14

A
14
_

71

7
7

A
9
A
67
-

23

-

58
-

18

-

-

_
100
-

63

25

-

-

-

-

24

21

9
5
A
69

A
26
-

61

4

-

-

5

15

7

6
73

_
100

-

-

11
A

-

-

3

1 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Lim ited to establishm ents p rim arily engaged in the production of m otion pictures (Group 7811) as defined in the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual (1949 edition) prepared by the Bureau
o f the Budget.
3 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) and real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
A L ess than 2 .5 percent.
* Transportation (excluding ra ilroa ds), com m unication, and other public utilities.
** F inance, insurance, and real estate.




17

APPENDIX:

JOB

DESCRIPTIONS

The p rim ary purpose of preparing jo b d e scrip tion s fo r the B ureau’ s wage surveys is to
a ss is t its field staff in cla ss ify in g into appropriate occupations w ork ers who are em ployed under
a variety of payroll titles and differen t w ork arrangem ents fr o m establishm ent to establishm ent
and fro m area to area.
This is essen tia l in o rd e r to perm it the grouping o f occupational wage
rates representing com parable job content.
B ecause of this em phasis on interestablishm ent and
in terarea com parability o f occupational content, the B ureau’ s job d escrip tion s m ay d iffer sig n ifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those prepared fo r other pu rp oses.
In
applying these job d escrip tion s, the B ureau’ s field rep resen tatives are instru cted to exclude w ork ­
ing su p e rv iso rs, apprentices, le a rn e rs, beg in n ers, tra in ees, handicapped w o rk e rs, p a rt-tim e,
tem porary, and probationary w ork ers.
Of f i c e
B IL L E R , MACHINE
P re p a re s statem ents, b ills , and in voices on a machine other
than an ord in ary or e lectrom a tic typew riter. May also keep r e co rd s
as to b illin gs o r shipping charges or p erform other c le r ic a l work in ­
cidental to b illin g operations.
F or wage study p u rp oses, b ille r s ,
m achine, are c la s s ifie d by type of m achine, as follow s:
B ille r , m achine (billing machine) - Uses a sp ecia l billing
m achine ( Moon Hopkins, E lliott F ish er, B urroughs, etc. , which
are com bination typing and adding m achines) to p rep are b ills and
in v oices fro m c u s to m e r s ’ purchase o r d e r s , internally prepared
o r d e r s , shipping m em oranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of p red eterm in ed discounts and shipping ch arges and entry of
n e c e s s a r y exten sion s, which may or may not be computed on the
b illin g m achine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated
by m achine.
The operation usually involves a large num ber of
ca rb on co p ie s o f the b ill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold m achine.
B ille r , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) - Uses a bookkeeping
m achine (Sundstrand, E lliott F ish er, Remington Rand, etc. , which
m ay o r m ay not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare cu sto m e r s’
b ills as part o f the accounts receivable operation.
G enerally
in volves the sim ultaneous entry of figures on cu s to m e r s ’ led ger
record .
The m achine autom atically accum ulates figu res on a
num ber o f v e rtica l colum ns and computes and usually prints auto­
m a tica lly the debit o r cred it balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge o f bookkeeping. W orks fro m uniform and standard types of
sa les and cre d it slip s.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E lliott
F ish e r, Sundstrand, B urrou gh s, National Cash R e g iste r, with o r with­
out a typ ew riter keyboard) to keep a re co rd of bu sin ess tran sactions.



BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
C la ss A - Keeps a set of re co rd s requiring a knowledge of
and exp erien ce in beLsic bookkeeping p rin cip les and fam iliarity with
the stru ctu re o f the p articular accounting system used. D eter­
m ines prop er re c o r d s and distribution of debit and cred it items
to be used in each phase o f the w ork. May prepare consolidated
re p o rts, balance sheets, and other re co rd s by hand.
C la ss B - Keeps a r e c o r d o f one or m ore phases or sections
of a set of r e co rd s usually requiring little knowledge of basic b ook ­
keeping.
P hases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
c u s to m e r s ’ accounts friot including a sim ple type o f billing d escribed
under b ille r , m achine), co st distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory co n tro l, etc. May ch eck or a ssist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare con trol sheets fo r the accounting department.
CLERK , ACCOUNTING
C la ss A - Under general d irection of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has resp on sib ility fo r keeping one or m ore sections of a c o m ­
plete set of books or re c o r d s relating to one phase o f an establish ­
m ent’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
su bsidiary led g er or led gers such as accounts receivable or a c ­
counts payable; examining and coding in voices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requ ires judgment and experience
in making p rop er assignations and allocation s.
May a ssist in
preparin g, adjusting, and closin g journal en tries; may d irect cla ss
B accounting c le r k s .
C lass B - Under su pervision , p erform s one or m ore routine
accounting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers,
accounts payable v ou ch ers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
recon cilin g bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers con trolled
by general le d g e rs.
This job does not requ ire a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping p rin cip les but is found in offices in
which the m ore routine accounting w ork is subdivided on a func­
tional b a sis among severa l w ork ers.

18

CLERK,

F IL E

K E Y -P U N C H

C la s s A - R e s p o n s ib le fo r m a in tain in g an e s ta b lis h e d filin g
s y s te m . C la s s ifie s and in d ex es c o r r e s p o n d e n c e o r oth er m a te r ia l;
m ay a ls o file this m a te r ia l.
M ay keep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s types
in co n ju n ctio n w ith file s o r s u p e r v is e o th e rs in filin g and lo c a tin g
m a te r ia l in the file s .
M ay p e r fo r m in cid en ta l c l e r i c a l d u ties.
C la s s B - P e r fo r m s rou tin e filin g , u su a lly o f m a te r ia l that
has a lr e a d y b een c la s s ifie d , o r lo c a t e s o r a s s is t s in lo c a tin g m a ­
te r ia l in the f ile s . M ay p e r fo r m in cid e n ta l c l e r i c a l d u ties.

CLERK,

PAYROLL

C om pu tes w ag es o f c om p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s ­
s a ry data on the p a y r o ll sh e e ts .
D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s 1
earn ings b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u ctio n r e c o r d s ; p ostin g c a lc u la te d data
on p a y r o ll sh eet, sh ow in g in fo rm a tio n su ch as w o r k e r 's n a m e, w ork in g
da ys, tim e , r a te , d ed u ction s fo r in s u r a n ce , and total w ages due.
M ay
m ake out pay c h e ck s and a s s is t p a y m a ste r in m akin g up and d i s t r i ­
buting pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay use a c a lc u la tin g m a ch in e.
COM PTOM ETER

U nder g en era l su p e r v is io n and w ith n o s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b ilit ie s , r e c o r d s accou n tin g and s t a t is t ic a l data on tabu latin g c a r d s
by punching a s e r ie s o f h oles in the c a r d s in a s p e c ifie d s e q u e n c e ,
using an alp h a betica l o r a n u m e ric a l k e y -p u n ch m a ch in e , fo llo w in g
w ritten in fo rm a tio n on r e c o r d s .
M ay d u p lica te c a r d s b y u sin g the
du p lica tin g d e v ic e attached to m a ch in e.
K eep s file s o f punch c a r d s .
M ay v e r ify ow n w ork o r w o rk o f o th e r s .
O F F IC E

BOY

OR G IRL

P e r fo r m s v a riou s routine d u ties su ch as running e r r a n d s ,
o p era tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ch in es su ch as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , open in g
and d is trib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s 1 o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y
m a il, phone, or p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any c o m b in a tio n o f the
fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m akin g out an o r d e r sh eet
listin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; c h e ck in g p r ic e s and qu an tities
o f ite m s on o r d e r sh eet; d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c t iv e d e ­
partm en ts to be fille d .
M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d it d ep a rtm en t to d e t e r ­
m ine c r e d it ratin g o f c u s to m e r , a ck n ow led ge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m
c u s to m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that they have b e e n fille d , keep
file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k sh ipping in v o ic e s with o r ig in a l
ord ers.
CLERK,

OPERATOR

OPERATOR

P r im a r y duty is to o p e ra te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th e ­
m a tica l co m p u ta tio n s.
This jo b is not to be c o n fu s e d w ith that o f
sta tis tica l o r oth er type o f c le r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e freq u en t use of
a C o m p to m e te r but, in w h ich , use o f this m a ch in e is in cid en ta l to
p e r fo r m a n c e o f oth er d u ties.

SE CRE TARY
P e r fo r m s s e c r e t a r ia l and c l e r i c a l d u ties fo r a s u p e r io r in an
a d m in istra tiv e or ex e cu tiv e p o s itio n .
D u ties in clu d e m a k in g a p p o in t­
m ents fo r s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p eop le c o m in g in to o f f ic e ; a n sw e rin g
and m aking phone c a lls ; handling p e r s o n a l and im p o rta n t o r c o n f i­
den tial m a il, and w ritin g routine c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on ow n in itia tiv e ;
taking d ic ta tio n (w here tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e is not used) e ith e r in
shorthand o r b y stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e , and tr a n s c r ib in g d ic t a ­
tion o r the r e c o r d e d in fo rm a tio n r e p r o d u c e d on a tr a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e .
M ay p r e p a r e s p e cia l r e p o r ts or m e m o ra n d a f o r in fo r m a tio n o f s u p e r io r .
ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

G EN E R A L

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in shorthand or b y stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v o lv in g a
n o rm a l rou tin e v o ca b u la r y , and to t r a n s c r ib e this d ic ta tio n on a ty p e ­
w r it e r .
M ay a lso type fr o m w ritten c o p y .
M ay a ls o s e t up and k eep
file s in o r d e r , keep sim p le r e c o r d s , e tc .
D o e s not include tr a n ­
s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o rk (se e tr ans c r ib in g - m a ch in e ope r a t o r ).
STENOGRAPH ER,

TEC H N ICA L

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tio n fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in shorthand or by stenotyp e o r s im ila r m a ch in e , in v o lv in g a
v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as in le g a l b r ie f s o r
r e p o r t s on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h and to t r a n s c r ib e th is d ic ta tio n on a
ty p e w r ite r .
May a lso type fr o m w ritte n c o p y .
M ay a ls o set up and
keep file s in o r d e r , keep sim p le r e c o r d s , e tc .
D oes not in clu d e
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w ork .

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM E O G R A P H OR D IT T O )
SW ITCH BO AR D
Under g e n e ra l s u p e r v is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit ie s , r e p r o d u c e s m u ltiple c o p ie s o f ty p ew ritten o r h andw riting
m a tter, using a m im e o g ra p h or ditto m a ch in e.
M akes n e c e s s a r y a d ­
ju stm en t su ch as fo r ink and p a p er fe e d c o u n te r and c y lin d e r sp eed .
Is not r e q u ire d to p r e p a r e s t e n c il or ditto m a s t e r .
M ay keep file o f
u sed s te n c ils o r ditto m a s t e r s .
M ay s o r t, c o lla t e , and stap le c o m ­
pleted m a te r ia l.




OPERATOR

O p era tes a s in g le - or m u lt ip le -p o s it io n telep h on e sw itch b o a rd .
D uties in v o lv e handling in co m in g , ou tg o in g , and in tra p la n t o r o ffic e
c a lls .
M ay r e c o r d toll c a lls and take m e s s a g e s .
M ay g iv e i n f o r ­
m a tion to p e r s o n s who c a ll in, or o c c a s io n a lly take telep h on e o r d e r s .
F o r w o r k e r s who a lso act as r e c e p t io n is t s see sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r r e c e p t io n is t .

19

S W IT C H B O A R D

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T

In a d d itio n to p e r f o r m in g
tio n

or

ty p e

m o n it o r -ty p e

or

p e rfo r m

T h is ty p in g
tim e

or

w h ile

d u tie s

s w itc h b o a r d ,

r o u tin e

of o p e ra to r,

a c ts

c le r ic a l

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E

as

w ork

as

c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e

on

r e c e p tio n is t
part

m a jo r

of

a s in g le p o s i ­

in c lu d e d .

and

or

m ay

r e g u la r

part of

a ls o

A

s im ila r

w o rk er w ho

m a c h in e

ta k e s

G EN ER AL

d ic ta tio n

c la s s ifie d

as

in

- C o n tin u e d

sh o rth a n d o r

a ste n o g ra p h e r,

by

ste n o ty p e

g e n e r a l.

d u tie s.

th is w o r k e r * s

T Y P IS T

a t s w itc h b o a r d .
U ses
m ake

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E

M ay

OPERATOR

O p era tes
in fo r m a tio n

m a c h in e

punched

la te d

d a ta

does

a u to m a tic a lly

groups

or

a c c o u n tin g

record s;

w ir in g

s im p le

in

fo r m s

of

p lu g b o a r d s

o r d ia g r a m s ;

p la c e s

card s

M a y file

of

a n a ly z e s

a c c o r d in g

on

m a c h in e .

th a t

to b e

cards

ta b u la tin g

cards
se ts

t a b u l a t e d in

a fte r th e y

to

and

or

and

t r a n s la t e s

p r in ts

a d ju s ts

ty p e w r ite r
a fte r

c le r ic a l

w ork

in v o lv in g

record s,

C la s s

p r a c tic e

m a te r ia l

filin g

sta rts

A

in g

fro m

and

in a d d itio n ,

-

c o p ie s

have

of

been

little

record s

P e rfo r m s

in f in a l f o r m
p la in

or

v a r ie d

u se

of

la n g u a g e

copy;

p la n n in g

la y o u t

fo r m ity
O PERATO R,

m ake

v a r io u s

m ade

s p e c ia l
and

by

m a te r ia l
a n o th e r

tr a in in g ,

re p o rts

or

su ch

or

as

s o r tin g

to

p erson .
keep­

and

d is ­

tr ib u tin g in c o m in g m a i l .

a u x ilia r y m a c h in e s .

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E

to

c a lc u la tio n s

tra n s­

fe e d m a g a z in e an d
M ay,

a

b ills

s im p le

m a c h in e ;

e s ta b lis h e d

a r e ta b u la te d .

out
do

in g

o p e ra te

is

O PER ATO R ,

GENERAL

fin a l

and

or

in

and

in

th e re

w ords

is

to

fr e q u e n t
fo r e ig n -

sou rces,
m a in ta in

fr o m

le tte r s ,

copy­

a

fr o m

or

ta b le s

T y p in g

d r a ft;

several

ty p in g ta b le s
fo rm

fo llo w in g :

in v o lv e d

fro m

s ta tis tic a l

r o u tin e

th e

w h ic h

u n u su al

s p a c in g ;

ty p e

and

m a te r ia l

c o m p lic a te d

M ay

of

copy

te c h n ic a l

c o m b in in g
of

m ore
rough

very

c o rre cte d

b a la n c e

fo r m .

one

fro m

or
u n i­

r o u g h d r a ft

v a r y in g

d e ta ils

in
to

su it c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
P r im a r y
r o u tin e
ty p e

fro m

s c r ib in g
la r y

d u ty

v o c a b u la r y
w r itte n

copy

d ic ta tio n

su ch

as

is

to

fr o m

and

do

in v o lv in g

le g a l

tr a n s c r ib e

d ic ta tio n

tr a n s c r ib in g
a

b r ie fs

or

m a c h in e

s im p le

c le r ic a l w o rk .

v a r ie d te c h n ic a l
re p o rts

in v o lv in g
record s.

on

or

a

W orkers

s p e c ia liz e d

s c ie n tific

norm al

M ay

research

a ls o

in s u r a n c e
c o p y in g

not

a n d

d r a fts m a n )

D raw s
or

p oses.

to s c a le

o th e rs

fo r

U ses

p a r e d ra w in g s
under

v a r io u s
fr o m

d ir e c tio n

u n its

or p a rts

ty p e s

s im p le

of

o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d

c o n s tr u c tio n ,
d r a ftin g

p la n s

or

to o ls

sk e tc h e s,

or
as

by

or p e rfo r m

c le a r

one

or

p o lic ie s , e tc ;

or

ty p e d

m ore

a lr e a d y

M ay

P la n s
lim in a r y

of

pu r­

a

LEAD ER
or

as

s u p e r v is o r y

D R AFTSM AN ,

o th e r d u tie s

o f a d r a fts m a n .

and

a

or

r e g u la r

sk e tc h e s

fo r

D u tie s

in v o lv e

p u rp oses.
b lu e p r in ts ,

proced u res;
p e r fo r m in g

a c tiv itie s

sk e tc h e s,
a ssig n in g
m ore

a

of

d e ta il

e n g in e e r in g ,
or

one

of

verbal

d u tie s to s u b o r d in a t e s
p r o b le m s .

or

d r a w in g s

m ore
fro m

c o n s tr u c tio n ,

c o m b in a tio n

a n d w r itte n

d iffic u lt




and

M ay

th e

or

d r a fts m e n
rou gh

ord ers;

or

in

pre­

m a n u fa c tu r in g

fo llo w in g :

In te r p r e tin g

d e te r m in in g

w ork

and in s p e c tin g th e ir w o rk ;
a s s is t

s u b o r d in a te s

fo rm s,

sta n d a rd

set

a ssig n m e n t,

a d m in is tr a tiv e

up

of

ta b u la tio n s ,

or

and sp a c e d p r o p e r ly .

or

p e r fo r m

r e la te d

d u tie s

n a tu re .

S E N IO R
w o r k in g

d e ta ile d

sk e tc h e s

or

p la n s
fo r

d e ta il

pu rp oses.

w o r k in g p la n s , d e ta il d r a w in g s ,

d u r in g

s c a le

tio n s

by

such

tru sse s;
to b e

as

of

u sed ,

changes

on

p e n c il

d r a ftin g

th o se

v e r ify in g

or

tra c e

u se

D u tie s

and

e n g in e e r in g ,

P r e p a r in g

d ir e c ts

T y p in g

ty p in g

- C o n tin u e d

P rep ares
rough

LEAD ER

w o r k in g p la n s

fo llo w in g :

pre­

to
p re p a ra tio n

th e

r o u tin e

s e ttin g up s im p le

c o m p le x ta b le s

fa c tu r in g
D R AFTSM AN ,

of

d r a fts ;

d r a fts ­

m a n u fa c tu r in g
re q u ir e d .

P e r fo r m s

T e c h n i c a l

e m e r g e n c ie s

e n g in e e r in g ,

-

m ore

D R AFTSM AN ,

of
m an

B

r e la tiv e ly

vocabu­

J U N IO R

(A s s is ta n t

fro m

are

P r o f e s s i o n a l

D R AFTSM AN ,

C la s s

tra n ­

and

in v o lv e d

q u a n titie s ;

d r a w in g s,

a r c h ite c tu r a l,

or

e le c tr ic a l,

c o m b in a tio n

in

is

fr e q u e n tly

of

c h e c k in g

m e c h a n ic a l,

or

th e

m a te r ia ls ,

m anu­

fo llo w in g :
e tc . ,

of
a

beam s

d im e n s io n s ,

M a y in k

u n its
in

o?

n o te s,

or

c r o s s -s e c tio n s ,

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

d e ta il

fro m

m a k in g e n g in e e r in g c o m p u ta ­

stre n g th

w ork ,

w r itin g

m aps,

s p e c ific a tio n s .

prepare

W ork

a

in s tr u m e n ts ;

c o m p le te d

in d r a w in g s

d r a w in g s.

in v o lv e

d r a w in g s

c o n s tr u c tio n ,

and

m a te r ia ls

m a k in g a d ju s tm e n ts
in l i n e s

c o m p le te

s p e c ia liz e d

and le tte r s

d ra w in g s,

or

fie ld

as

s tr u c tu r a l d r a ftin g .

su ch

20

NURSE,

IN D U S T R IA L
A

r e g is t e r e d n u r s e w ho g iv e s n u r s in g

e m p lo y e e s
th e

NURSE,

(R E G IS T E R E D )

or

o th e r

p r e m is e s

c o m b in a tio n

of
of

a

person s
fa c to r y

th e

w ho b e co m e

or

o th e r

fo llo w in g :

ill

fir s t

a id

of

a c c id e n t

p r e p a r in g

a p p lic a n ts

in v o lv in g

and

e m p lo y e e s ;

h e a lth

and

e d u c a tio n ,

a c c id e n t

th e

c o m p e n sa tio n

th e

and c a r r y in g

p r e v e n tio n ,

d u tie s

out p r o g r a m s

e v a lu a tio n

n ecessary

to

of

p la n t

c o n stru c t

m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t
c r ib s ,
and

co u n ters,

trim

m ade

th e f o l l o w i n g :
in g s ,

of w ood

m a k in g

p o r ta b le

s e le c tin g

m a te r ia ls

out

of

in s tr u c tio n s ;
and

n e c e s s a r y fo r

th r o u g h

W ork

C o p ie s
tr a c in g
U ses

c lo th

u sin g

th e

a

v a r ie ty

of

in s tr u m e n ts ;

d im e n s io n s

In

w ork.

g e n e r a l,

tr a in in g

fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip

tio n ,

or

of

c a r p e n t e r 's

to

rou n d ed

m ost

d raw ­

of

th e

and

w ork;

w ork

of

e x p e r ie n c e

e q u iv a le n t

or

to rs,
and

in s ta lla tio n ,

m a in te n a n c e ,

d is tr ib u tio n ,
W ork
a

or

in v o lv e s

v a r ie ty

of

m ost

p r in ts,

e q u ip m e n t;
and

te s tin g

e le c tr ic ia n
q u ir e d

r e p a ir

of

of

fo llo w in g :
c ir c u it
or

o th e r

su ch

r e la tin g
a

to

r e q u ir e s

th ro u g h

a

lo a d

v a r ie ty

in s tr u m e n ts .

e x p e r ie n c e .




of
In

rou n d ed

fo r m a l

as

in
or

r e p a ir in g

of

g e n e r a l,

th e

tr a in in g

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

of

w ir in g

w a te r

a ls o

and
or

or

and

o p e r a te s
s a fe ty

room

o th e rs,
w ith

by

pen

to o ls .

p la c in g

or

p e n c il.

M ay

prepare

a ls o

s u p e r v is e

W ork

in v o lv e s :
a ir

m a k in g

m a c h in e r y ,

p ow er,

O p e r a tin g an d

e q u ip m e n t

m ore

th a n

ste a m

m o­

b o ile r s

k e e p in g

a

and

fu e l

con su m p ­

or

H ead

one

su p­

m a in ta in in g

r e p a ir s ;

te m p era tu re ,

to

r e fr ig e r a ­

g e n e ra to rs,

e q u ip m e n t,

th e se o p e r a tio n s .

e m p lo y in g

h ea t,

com p ressors,

and r e fr ig e r a t in g

p u m p s;
of

w ith

th e o p e r a t i o n

e le c tr ic a l)

c h ie f

e n g in e e r s

are

e x c lu d e d .

e n g in e e r

a

B O IL E R

sta tio n a r y b o ile r s
h eat,

pow er,

m e c h a n ic a l

v a lv e s .

or

to f u r n i s h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in
ste a m .

sto k e r,

M ay

c le a n ,

F eeds

gas,
o il,

or

or

o il

fu e ls

to

b u rn er;

a ssist

in

fir e

w h ic h

by

checks

r e p a ir in g

hand
w a te r

b o ile r -

e q u ip m e n t.

H ELPER ,

and

TRADES,

M A IN T E N A N C E

of
A s s is ts

or

th e

s k ille d

in g a r e a ,
m a c h in e , an d e q u ip m e n t;
a s s i s t i n g w o r k e r b y h o ld in g m a ­
t e r ia ls o r t o o ls ; p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d t a s k s a s d ir e c te d b y jo u r ­

e le c tr ic a l

neym an.
fro m

The

tra d e

u s u a lly

ac­

areas;

e q u iv a le n t

tr a in in g

and

o p e r a tio n s ,
on

a

to

liftin g ,
and

in
or

fu ll-tim e

k in d

of

w ith

g e n e r a l d u tie s

m a in te n a n c e

d ia g ­

s u p p lie d

or

in

a s k e e p in g

a w ork er

s p e c ific

w orkers

b lu e ­

m e a su r in g

p e r fo r m in g

m ore

tra d e s,

sta n d a rd

by

one

u n its ,

e x p e rie n c e

th e

and m a y

e n g in e s,

s u p e r v is e

w ith

p ly in g ,

of

d r a ftin g

w h ic h e m p l o y e d

S T A T IO N A R Y

m a in te n a n c e

w ork

in

ste a m

o p e r a tio n

M ay

tra n sfo rm e rs,

w o r k in g

h a n d to o ls

th e

any

h e a tin g

lo c a tin g

o r e q u ip m e n t;

r e q u ir e m e n ts

and

g e n e r a tin g ,

w o rk in g fr o m

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

e l e c t r i c i a n 's

as

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

m o to rs,

e q u ip m e n t;

su ch

th e

an

g e n e ra to rs,

b reak ers,

in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m

u sin g

en ergy
In s ta llin g

tr a n s m is s io n

la y o u t,

e q u ip m e n t fo r

e le c tr ic

e q u ip m e n t

o r o th e r

d ra w in g s,
tr o u b le

c o m p u ta tio n s

th e

c o n tr o lle r s ,

c o n d u it s y s t e m s ,
n o s in g

of

e le c tr ic a l

s w itc h b o a r d s ,

or

u tiliz a tio n

fu n c tio n s

by

tr a c in g

an d e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r

v e n t ila t in g

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

and
tra d e

and

o th e r

an d m a in ta in s

as

b o ile r -fe d

tio n .
in

such

tu r b in e s ,

record

or

e le c tr ic a l

w e lfa r e ,

tr a in ­

M A IN T E N A N C E

of

p repared

d r a w in g
and

a ir -c o n d itio n in g .

e q u ip m e n t

F ir e s

v a r ie ty

h e a lth ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

e s ta b lis h m e n t

e m p lo y e d

a

d ra w in g s

over

com p ass,

s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s

p ly th e

b lu e p r in ts ,

and

paper

O p e ra tes
of

F IR E M A N ,

P e r fo r m s

th e

d r a w in g s an d do s im p le le t t e r in g .

and

in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N S ,

a ffe c tin g

P o w e r p l a n t

c a s in g s ,

sta ir s ,

p la n s

or

T -s q u a r e ,

s im p le

nd

as b in s ,

in v o lv e s

w ork fr o m

r e la tin g

r e q u ir e s

a

flo o r s ,

su ch

sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g

c o m p u ta tio n s

ca rp en ter

u s u a lly a c q u ir e d

doors,

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

p o w er to o ls ,

sh op

m a in te n a n c e

an

an d la y in g

verb al

sta n d a rd

p a r titio n s ,

in

P la n n in g

m o d e ls , o r

h a n d to o ls ,

th e

ben ch es,

a c tiv itie s

TR ACER

E N G IN E E R ,

ca rp en try

o th e r

C o n tin u e d

s a fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

or

an d h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r fo r m s

or

-

records

M a i n t e n a n c e

CAR PEN TER ,

e n v ir o n m e n t,

(R E G IS T E R E D )

i n v o l v e _a
in ju r e d ;

fo r

ill

on

or

re p o rts

p la n n in g

o r in ju r e d
a c c id e n t

D u tie s

to

o th e r p u r p o s e s ; c o n d u c tin g p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s
of

ill
an

i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g

o f e m p lo y e e s

tre a te d ;

to

su ffe r

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

G iv in g

a t t e n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g
p a tie n ts

s e r v ic e
or

IN D U S T R IA L

m a te r ia ls

and to o ls ;

w o r k th e h e lp e r

is

tra d e :

In

th e

h e lp e r

and

h o ld in g

and

to o ls

o th e rs he
p a rts
b a s is .

of

som e
is
a

tra d e s

m a te r ia ls
p e r m itte d
tra d e

th a t

to
are

of le s s e r

p e r m it t e d to

p e r fo r m

su ch
w ork ­

v a r ie s

is

c o n fin e d

to

and

p e rfo r m
a ls o

s k ill,

c le a n in g

c le a n in g

w o r k in g

s p e c ia liz e d

p e rfo r m e d

by

su p ­

m a c h in e
w orkers

21

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools,
gauges, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy;
using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators , toolroom,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written
specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered
fr om machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary
adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instruc­
tions ai^d specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting
standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machineshop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, busses, motortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source ol trouble; disassembling
equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in dis­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the
various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.



MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com­
putations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed re­
ducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment. Work involves the following; Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

22

P IP E F IT T E R ,

I n s t a lls
and

o r r e p a ir s

p ip e fittin g s

lo w in g :
fro m

in

L a y in g

o f p ip e

to

or

b e n d in g

an

out

d r a w in g s

to rch

or

of

by

w ith

sh op

c o u p lin g s

and

In

rou n ded

h e a tin g

or

to

g e n e r a l,

tr a in in g

fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip
p r im a r ily

engaged

sy ste m s

c h is e l

or

in

are

or

o th e r ty p e s

p o w e r -d r iv e n
p ip e

to

p ressu res,

p r in ts ,

of

p ip e
s iz e s

h a n d to o ls

v a r io u s

or

o x y a c e ty le n e

sto c k s

m a c h in e s ;

h an gers;
flo w ,

and

d ie s ;

sta n d a rd

s iz e

p ip e

of

b lin g ;

W ORKER,

a ll

m o d e ls ,
ty p e s
in

ty p es

or
of

b e n d in g ,

e x p e r ie n c e

e q u iv a le n t

a r tic le s

m a c h in e s ;
s h a p in g ,

as

fo r m a l

a

th e

and

w ork

of

e x p e r ie n c e

th e

m a in te n a n c e

u s u a lly

th ro u g h

e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

in s ta llin g

and

r e p a ir in g

b u ild in g

TO O L

p ip e fitte r

a c q u ir e d

W orkers

s a n ita tio n

AN D

sy ste m

o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t in g o o d

W o rk in v o lv e s :

K n o w le d g e o f s a n it a r y c o d e s
in

g e n e r a l,

p lu m b in g
c lo g g e d

th e

w ork

of

sy ste m ;

D IE

or

e q u iv a le n t

or

d r a in s
th e

tr a in in g

d ie s

m o d e ls ,

jig

m ak er;

to o lm a k e r ;

fix tu r e

r e g a r d in g

w ith

a

p lu n g e r

m a in te n a n c e

and

in s ta lla tio n

or

p l u m b e r 's

p lu m b e r
a

r e q u ir e s

fo rm a l

of
and

fo r g in g s ,

sn a k e.
rou n d ed

a p p r e n tic e ­

and

r e la te d

tr e a tin g o f
d ie s

fittin g

F a b r ic a te s ,
e q u ip m e n t

s h e lv e s ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

of an

in s ta lls ,

an d fix tu r e s

lo c k e r s ,

ta n k s,

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

in

an d m a in ta in s
(s u c h

as

v e n t ila t o r s ,

W o r k in v o lv e s

in g o o d

m a c h in e
c h u te s,

m ost

of

r e p a ir

gu ard s,
d u c ts,

th e

th e

m eta l

fo llo w in g :

a c h ie v e

th e

c lu d e s

m a in ta in in g
g a te m e n

e m p lo y e e s

and

m ak er)

order,
w ho

o th e r




are

u s in g

d u tie s,

arm s

sta tio n e d

person s

e ith e r

o r fo r c e
at

e n te rin g .

g a te

at

w h ere
and

fix e d
on

r e q u ir e d
of

q u a litie s ;

p a rts

to

to o lr o o m

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

and

or

and

r e q u ir e s
u s u a lly

tr a in in g

an d p r e c is io n
p r o p e r tie s
m a c h in e

c lo s e

and

a

of

to o ls

r e la tin g
h ea t-

fin is h e d

to o ls

to le r a n c e s ;

to le r a n c e s

to o ls ,

p r a c tic e

e q u iv a le n t

to

of

w ork

s p e c ifi­

o f m a c h in e s ;
as

w o r k in g

w ork

of

fix ­

w ork.

of

c o m p u ta tio n s

w e ll

p r e s c r ib e d

m a k e r 's

w o rk in g

to o lin g

as

out

w r itte n

h a n d to o ls

sh o p

m a te r ia ls ,

d ie

la y in g

o p e r a tin g

and

fa b r ic a tio n

and

in

and

jig s ,

and

a llo w ­

p rocesses.
rounded

a c q u ir e d

In

tr a in in g

th ro u g h

a

e x p e r ie n c e .

p an s,

P la n n in g

an d

post

or

n ecessary.

check

d u r in g

gau ges,

m e t a l-fo r m in g

and

th e

n ecessary

and

sh op

up

fe e d s,

a p p r o p r ia te

to o l

For
to o l

M a t e r i a l

c r o s s -in d u s tr y w age
d ie

id e n tity

jo b b in g

sh op s

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

are

e x c lu d e d

to o l a n d d ie m a k e r s

fro m

th is- c la s s i fi c a t io n .

M o v e m e n t

PO RTER,

(S w e e p e r;
p o lic e

se ttin g

of

m a k in g

a s s e m b lin g

s e le c tin g

J A N IT O R ,

r o u tin e

to o ls ,

o th e r o r a l and

sp eed s,

of w ork,

m e ta l p a rts

m a c h in e

r o o fin g )

GUARD

to u r,

gauge

sh e e t-

grease

C u s t o d i a l

P e r fo r m s

m aker;

o th e r

P la n n in g
or

u n d e r s ta n d in g

a llo y s ;

e q u ip m e n t;

to

and

and

fo rm a l
m eta l

p u n c h in g , a n d

d ra w in g s,

in str u m e n ts;

to d im e n s io n s
and

e x p e r ie n c e .

b lu e p r in ts ,

c o m m o n m e t a ls

g e n e r a l,
W ORKER,

fg r

u s in g a v a r ie t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's

m e a su r in g

an ces;
S H E E T -M E T A L

or

M AKER

(D ie m a k e r ;

ord er.

in s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g p ip e s

tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h
s h ip

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

e x p e r ie n c e .

W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w i n g :

ven ts
In

th e

tr a in in g

e x c lu d e d .

th e p lu m b in g

o p e n in g

g e n e r a l,

rounded

or

c a tio n s ;

fix tu r e s ;

of

a ssem ­

a

M A IN T E N A N C E

tra p s

a il

re­

fro m

and

b lu e ­

v a r ie ty

and

In

r e q u ir e s

th ro u g h

a

fittin g ,

a c q u ir e d

and

fro m

o p e r a tin g

u sin g

r e q u ir e d .

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p

K eeps

and

to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t

tu r e s
PLU M BER ,

w ork

up

s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r

u s u a lly

tr a in in g

C o n tin u e d

se ttin g

fo r m in g ,

s h e e t-m e ta l

-

m a in te n a n c e

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

s h e e t-m e ta l-w o r k in g

c u ttin g ,

in s ta llin g

M A IN T E N A N C E

o f s h e e t-m e ta l

o th e r

w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e
and

a s s e m b lin g

m a k in g

and

out

a v a ila b le

c u ttin g
w ith

an d la y in g

th e f o l ­

p o s itio n

ham m er

p ip e

o f p ip e

m o st of

to lo c a t e

and

th r e a d in g

fa ste n in g

r e la tin g

gas,

W o r k in v o lv e s

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

w ith

m a c h in e ;

sta n d a rd te s ts

s p e c ific a tio n s .

ste a m ,

m e a su r in g

w r itte n

le n g th s

c o m p u ta tio n s

re q u ir e s

and

h a n d -d r iv e n

p ip e

q u ir e d ; m a k in g

w ork

o th e r

correct

w a te r,

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

p ip e -c u ttin g
p ip e

S H E E T -M E T A L

M A IN T E N A N C E

OR

CLEAN ER

charw om an ;

ja n itr e s s )

on
C le a n s

In ­
of

areas
or

and

and

keeps

w ash room s,

c o m m e r c ia l or

or

in

an

o r d e r ly

p r e m is e s

o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.

of

an

c o n d itio n

fa c to ry

o ffic e ,

a p a rtm e n t

D u tie s

in v o lv e

a

w o r k in g
h ou se,

c o m b in a tio n

23

J A N IT O R ,

P O R TE R ,

OR

CLEAN ER

o f th e fo llo w in g :

tra sh ,

c h ip s ,

o r fix tu r e s ;
and

p o lis h in g

m in o r

re stro o m s.

s c r u b b in g ,

an d o th e r r e fu s e ;

m e t a l fix tu r e s

m a in te n a n c e
W ork ers

S H IP P IN G

C o n tin u e d

m o p p in g 0 £

S w e e p in g ,

r e m o v in g

-

s e r v ic e s ;

or

e q u ip m e n t,

tr im m in g s ;

c le a n in g

w ho s p e c ia liz e

an d p o lis h in g f lo o r s ;

d u stin g

p r o v id in g

la v a to r ie s ,

in w i n d o w

fu r n itu r e ,
s u p p lie s

sh ow ers,

w a sh in g

are

and

e x c lu d e d .

p a r in g
M ay

d ir e c t

R e c e iv in g
th e

M A T E R IA L

(L o a d e r

and

A
sto re ,

w ork er

or

o th e r

th e f o llo w i n g :
d is e

on

or

car,

h a n d le r

h e lp e r ;

e m p lo y e d

L o a d in g

s h e lv in g ,

sta c k e r;

in

a

d u tie s

cars,

or

tru c k s,

p la c in g

o r w h e e lb a r r o w .

or

a ssist

m a te r ia ls

record s;

c h e c k in g

m a te r ia ls

or

w h o lo a d

and

R e c e iv in g

and

in

proper

sh ip s

D r iv e s

F ills
sto re d
ord ers
g o in g

s h ip p in g

m e r c h a n d is e

c u sto m e rs’

to

h ou ses,

P A C K E R ,

and

in

s h ip p in g

dependent upon
ty p e
th e

of

to

of

la b e ls
m ake

or

a d d itio n a l

p e r fo r m

th e

o th e r

M ay,

o m itte d ,
sto c k ,

r e la te d

or

lo a d

fin is h e d

goods

on

in

fo llo w in g :

b reak age

sh ort

s lip s ,
of

o u t­

s u p p lie s

d u tie s.

or

w ooden

or

r e c e iv in g

a

tru ck

su ch

and

r e p a ir s ,

ty p e
th e

c ity

AN D

and

m eth o d

s h ip p in g
of

dam age;
or

u sin g

c lo s in g

cra te s

and

o f v a r io u s

a p p r o p r ia te

in c o n t a i n e r ;

d a ta
are

p e r fo r m e d
to b e

of

S h ip p in g
tic e s ,

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

in d u s tr ia l

h ou ses

w ith o r

d riv e rs

are

or

p la n ts ,

of

tr a ile r

to

tra n sp o rt
ty p es

fr e ig h t d e p o ts,

o r b e tw e e n

p la c e s

of

w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,

r e ta il

b u s in e s s .

m ake

ord er.

m in o r

of

w are­
e sta b ­

M ay

a ls o

m e c h a n ic a l

D r iv e r -s a le s m e n

and

e x c lu d e d .

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
as

area

tr u c k d r iv e r s

fo llo w s :

are

c la s s ifie d b y

(T r a c to r -tr a ile r

s h o u ld

be

s iz e
ra te d

c a p a c ity . )

it e m s

ty p e

W ork

m ay
of

and

sto c k

s iz e

s e a lin g

one
in

(o v e r

4

to n s,

tr a ile r

T r u c k d r iv e r ,

heavy

(o v e r

4

to n s,

o th e r

TRU CK ER,

(l12
/

to

tru ck
a

or

tra cto r

w areh ou se,

a
to

m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d
tra n sp o rt

m a n u fa c tu r in g

goods
p la n t,

For

a ls o
tru c k ,

as

w ork

in v o lv e s :

ro u te s,

a v a ila b le

A

k n o w le d g e

m eans

of

or

m e r c h a n d ise
of

s h ip p in g

tr a n s p o r ta tio n

in c lu d in g

4

to n s)

ty p e )
th a n

tr a ile r

ty p e)

g a s o lin e -

and
or

o r e le c tr ic -p o w e r e d

m a te r ia ls

o th e r

of

a ll

k in d s

about

e s ta b lis h m e n t.

w age

stu d y

p u rp oses,

r e c e iv e s

and

or

p roced u res,
and

ra te s;

and

re­

are

c la s s ifie d

by

ty p e

of

pow er

(fo r k lift)

pow er

(o th e r

th a n

fo r k lift)

W ATCH M AN

m a te r ia ls .

o th e r

is

w ork ers

fo llo w s :

T ru cker,
s h ip m e n t,

of

and

a p p ly in g
w ho

CLERK

s h ip m e n ts

to

POW ER

O p e ra tes

order

m a te r ia l

P ack ers

heavy

or

o f c o n ta in e r ;

c o n ta in e r ;

c o n ta in e r .

r e q u ir e s

in v o lv e

m e d iu m

T r u c k d r iv e r ,

th e

e x c lu d e d .

m e r c h a n d is e fo r

in c o m in g




or

M a n u fa c tu r in g

e q u ip m e n t,

b a s is

b e in g

packed,

e x c e ls io r o r o th e r
and

on

u n its

o f s h ip m e n t.

c o n ta in e r s

K n o w le d g e

R E C E IV IN G

P rep ares
s p o n s ib le fo r

m a in ta in in g

o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r io u s

a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g

F o r w age
on

a

T ru ck er,
S H IP P IN G

or

good s;

c le r k

e q u ip m e n t,

cu sto m e rs’

o v e r -th e -r o a d

and

w ith in

as:

u n lo a d tr u c k

s to r a g e b y p la c in g

o p e r a tio n s

and n u m b er o f

id e n tify in g

boxes

s h ip m e n t o r

th e s p e c i f i c

s iz e ,

s e le c tio n

e n te r in g

w orkers

T ru c k d riv e r,

e m p lo y e d ,

ite m

dam aged

p ro p e r d e p a rtm e n ts;

w h o le s a le an d r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s ,

to f ill in g

record s

report

fr o m

s a le s

in a d d it io n

keep

r e je c tin g

v e r ify in g

in v o ic e s ,

Truckdriver, light (under l l/z tons)

ty p e ,

e n c lo s u r e s

or

fille d

fo r

s p e c ific a tio n s

fin is h e d p r o d u c ts fo r

c o n te n t;

in s e r tin g
preven t

of

th e

v e r ify

ite m s

c o n ta in e r s ,

c o n ta in e r

p la c in g

m ore

orders
w ith

la d in g ,

sh ip m e n t.
in

file s .

m e r c h a n d is e ,

lis h m e n ts

sto c k m a n )

S H IP P IN G

P rep ares
th e m

tr a n sfe r

accordan ce

r e q u is itio n

s u p e r v is o r ,

w areh ou se

o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s .

in d ic a tin g

ord ers,

or

in

ord ers,

and

s e le c to r ;

and

fo r

o th e rs

T R U C K D R IV E R

are

F IL L E R
sto c k

to

of

p o st­

c le r k

S h ip p in g

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

p ic k e r ;

b ills

sh o rta g e s

m a te r ia ls

m e r c h a n d ise
d ir e c tin g

a g a in s t

o f la d in g ,

o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .

d e v ic e s ;

m a te r ia ls ,

(O rd e r

or

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

m erch an-

u n lo a d

b ills

c le r ic

o r m e r c h a n d ise b y hand tru c k ,

L on gsh orem en ,

w age

S h ip p in g

tr a n s p o r tin g

m e r c h a n d is e

th e

fo r

or
and

m a k in g up

an d k e e p in g a f ile

V e r ify in g

sh ip m e n ts

record s

For

p la n t,

m ore

e x c lu d e d .
ORDER

of

of

or

and

sh ip p e d ,

C o n tin u e d

p r e p a r in g

in v o lv e s :

c o rre c tn e ss

h e lp e r )

m a n u fa c tu r in g
one

in

-

tru c k e r ;

w areh ou se

in v o lv e

o r o th e r

tr a n s p o r tin g m a te r ia ls

s h e lv e r ;

or

w areh ou se,

w h ose

an d u n lo a d in g v a r io u s

fr e ig h t

lo c a tio n ;

and

w areh ou sem an

e s ta b lis h m e n t

fro m

u n p a c k in g ,
sto ra g e

sto c k

th e g o o d s

r o u tin g m e r c h a n d i s e

H A N D L IN G

u n lo a d e r ;

or

of

C LER K

s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,

w ork

n ecessary
sto c k m a n

R E C E IV IN G

records

in g w e i g h t a n d

o th e r
LABO R ER ,

AND

M akes

p rac­
p re-

a g a in s t

fir e ,

rounds

th e ft,

and

of p r e m is e s
ille g a l

p e r i o d i c a l l y in

p r o te c tin g p r o p e r ty

e n try .
•A U. S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F FICE : 1955 0

—346451


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102