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ST. LOUIS, MO.
FEBRUARY 1955

BLS Bulletin No. 1172-10

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

James P. Mitchell, Secretary

Aryness Joy Wickens, Acting Commissioner







Occupational Wage Survey




ST. LOUIS, MO.
F e b ru ary

195 5

B u lletin N o .

1172 - 1 0
A p r il 1955

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Aryness Joy Wickens, Acting Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

-

Price 25 cents







CONTENTS
P a ge
IN T R O D U C T IO N ____________________________________________________________________

1

TABLES:
A:

B:

O ccu p ation al e a rn in gs * A - 1 O ffice o ccu p a tion s ________________________________________________
A - 2 P r o fe s s io n a l and te ch n ica l o ccu p a tio n s _________________________
A - 3 M aintenance and p ow erp la n t o ccu p a tio n s ________________________
A - 4 C u stod ia l and m a te ria l m ov em en t o ccu p a tio n s _________________

3
6
7
8

E stablish m en t p r a c t ic e s and supplem entarywage p ro v is io n s B -1 Shift d iffe re n tia l p r o v is io n s * ____________________________________
B - 2 M inim um en tra n ce ra tes fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s _ _________
B -3 F re q u e n cy o f w age p a y m e n t ______________________________________
B -4 Scheduled w eek ly h ou rs * _________________________________________
B -5 P a id h olid a y p r o v is io n s * _________________________________________
B - 6 P a id v a ca tion s * ___________________________________________________

10
11
12
12
13
14

A P P E N D IX :

Job d e s c r ip tio n s _____________________

* N O T E : S im ila r tabulations (a ls o c o v e r in g health, in s u ra n ce , and p e n ­
sio n plans) a re a v a ila b le in the St. L o u is a re a r e p o r ts fo r January 1952,
D e c e m b e r 1952, and January 1954. The 1954 r e p o r t a ls o p ro v id e s tabu­
la tio n s o f wage stru ctu re c h a r a c t e r is t ic s , la b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g re e m e n ts ,
and o v e r tim e pay p r o v is io n s . A d ir e c t o r y in d icatin g date o f study and the
p r ic e o f the r e p o r t s , as w ell as r e p o r ts fo r oth er m a jo r a r e a s , is a v a ila ­
b le upon re q u e st.
A cu r re n t r e p o r t on o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and su p p lem en ta ry w age
p r a c t ic e s is a ls o a v a ila b le fo r the m a ch in e r y in d u strie s in the St. L ou is
a re a (January 1955). Union s c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls ,
a r e a v ailab le fo r the fo llo w in g tra d e s o r in d u s trie s : B u ild in g c o n s tr u ctio n ,
p rin tin g , lo c a l tra n sit op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s .

(iii)

16




OCCUPATIONAL WAGE

- ST. LOUIS, MO.

Int r o d u c t i o n
The St. Louis area is one of several important industrial
centers in which the Bureau of Labor Statistics has conducted
surveys of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an
areawide basis.
In each area, data are obtained by personal
visits of Bureau field agents to representative establishments
within 6 broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transporta­
tion (excluding railroads), communication, and other public util­
ities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real
estate; and services. Major industry groups excluded from these
studies are government institutions and the construction and ex­
tractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a pre­
scribed number of workers were also omitted since they furnish
insufficient employment in the occupations studied to warrant
inclusion. 1 Wherever possible, separate tabulations are pro­
*
vided for the individual broad industry divisions.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because
of the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments,
and to ensure prompt publication of results.
To obtain appro­
priate accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large
than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight.
Estimates are presented therefore as relating to all establish­
ments in the industry grouping and area, but not to those below
the minimum size studied. 2
Occupations and Earnings
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of
job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment
variation in duties within the same job (see Appendix for listing
of these descriptions). Earnings data are presented for the fol­
lowing types of occupations: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional
and technical; (c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial
and material movement.

* This report was prepared in the Bureau’s regional office
in Chicago, 111. , by Woodrow C. Linn under the direction of
George E. Votava, Regional Wage and Industrial Relations Analyst.
1 See following table for minimum size establishment cov­
ered by study.
2 An exception is made in the tabulation of minimum en­
trance rates for women office workers which relates to provisions
in establishments actually studied.




( i)

Data are shown for full-time workers, i. e. , those hired
to work a full-time schedule for the given occupational classifi­
cation. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for
work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bo­
nuses are also excluded, but cost- of-living bonuses and incentive
earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported, as for
office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half-hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest 50 cents.
Occupational employment estimates refer to the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not to the
number actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational
structure among establishments, the estimates of occupational
employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occupational structure do not materially
affect the accuracy of the earnings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary
Wage Provisions
Information is also presented on selected establishment
practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to office and
plant workers.
The term, ’’office workers” , as used in this
bulletin includes all office clerical employees and excludes ad­
ministrative, executive, professional, and technical personnel.
’’Plant workers” include working foremen and ail nonsupervisory
workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice
functions. Administrative, executive, professional, and technical
employees, and force account construction employees who are
utilized as a separate work force are excluded. Cafeteria workers
and routemen are excluded in manufacturing industries but are
included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing industries.
Shift-differential data are limited to manufacturing in­
dustries.
This information is presented both in terms of (a)
establishment p olicy3 and (b) effective provisions for workers

3
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it
met either of the following conditions:
(l) Operated late shifts
at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts.

2

actually employed on extra shifts at the time of the survey.
Tabulations relating to establishment policy are presented in
terms of total plant worker employment; estimates in the second
tabulation relate only to those workers actually employed on the
specified shift.
Supplementary practices, other than minimum entrance
rates for women office workers, and shift differentials, are
treated statistically on the basis that these are provided to all
workers employed in offices or plant departments that observe
the practice in question. 4 Because of varying eligibility re­
4 Scheduled weekly hours for office workers (first section
of table B-4) are presented in terms of the proportion of women
office workers employed in offices with the indicated weekly hours
for women workers.

quirements, the proportion actually receiving the specific benefits
may be smaller.
Moreover, a practice was considered as ap­
plicable to ail office or plant workers in an establishment if it
applied to a majority of such workers.
Because of rounding,
sums of individual items in these tabulations do not necessarily
equal totals.
The summary of vacation plans is limited to formal
arrangements, excluding informal plans whereby time off with
pay is granted at the discretion of the employer or the super­
visor.
Separate estimates are provided according to employer
practice in computing vacation payments, such as time payments,
percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts.
However, in
the tabulations of vacation allowances by years of service, pay­
ments not on a time basis were converted; for example, a payment
of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equivalent
of 1 week's pay.

E sta b lis h m en ts and W o rk e rs W ithin S co p e o f S u rv e y and N u m b er S tudied in St. L o u is , M o. , 1 b y M a jo r In d u stry D iv is io n , F e b r u a r y 1955

In d u stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s ____________________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________ „ __________________________
T r a n s p o rta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a ilr o a d s ),
c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s 4
W h olesa le tra d e ______________ _____________________________
R e ta il tra d e 5 _______________________________________________
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te ------------------------------S e r v ic e s 8 ___________________________________________________

M inim um s iz e
e s ta b lis h m e n t
in s c o p e o f
s tu d y 2

N u m b er o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W ithin
scop e o f
stu dy

S tudied

923

229

3 1 1 ,4 0 0

5 1 ,8 0 0

212, 000

1 7 2 ,9 9 0

101
~

430
493

107
122

2 1 0 ,6 0 0
1 00 ,80 0

26, 300
25, 500

1 5 8 ,4 0 0
5 3 ,6 0 0

1 1 9 ,6 5 0
5 3 ,3 4 0

101
51
101
51
51

56
158
69
102
108

25
34
16
25
22

30, 200
1 9 ,2 0 0
2 0 ,5 0 0
1 6 ,7 0 0
14, 200

-

W ithin s c o p e o f stu dy
T otal 3

O ffic e

5 ,9 0 0
5, 800
(6 *
)
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
9, 200
(6 )

S tudied
P la n t

1 7 ,9 0 0
9 , 100
(6 )
7
1 ,1 0 0
( 6)

T o ta l 3

2 5 ,3 4 0
7, 390
8, 230
8, 090
4 , 290

1 The St. L o u is M e tro p o lita n A r e a (C ity o f St. L o u is , St. L o u is and St. C h a rle s C o u n tie s, M o .; and M adison and St. C la ir C o u n t ie s , 111.). T he " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu dy"
e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y . T he e s tim a t e s a r e not in ten d ed , h o w e v e r ,
to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r a r e a em p lo y m e n t in d ice s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in ce ( l ) planning o f w a ge s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the use o f e s ta b lis h m e n t
data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce o f the p a y p e r io d stu died and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith tota l em p loy m en t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m s iz e lim ita tio n . A ll outlets (w ithin the a rea ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u ch in d u s trie s as tra d e , fin a n ce ,
auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o tio n -p ic t u r e th ea ters a re c o n s id e r e d as one e s ta b lis h m e n t.
3 In clu des e x e c u t iv e , t e c h n ic a l, p r o fe s s io n a l.a n d oth e r w o r k e rs , e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e p a ra te o f f ic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
4 A ls o e x c lu d e s t a x ic a b s , and s e r v i c e s in cid en ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n in clu d e d in e a r l i e r s tu d ie s .
5 E x clu d e s d ep a rtm en t and li m i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
6 T his in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A and B ta b le s , alth ou gh c o v e r a g e w a s in s u ffic ie n t to ju s t ify s e p a ­
rate p re s e n ta tio n o f data.
7 E stim a te r e la te s to r e a l es ta te e s ta b lis h m e n ts on ly .
8 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s; r a d io b r o a d c a s tin g and t e le v is io n ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r ­
ing and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-1: Office Occupations
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings 1 fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b asis
in St. L ou is, Mo. , b y industry division , F ebruary 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Avbbaqk
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
w
orkers

s
S
t
s
t
<
$
t
$
t
s
$
*
S
$
S
$
$
S
s
$
W
eekly
W
eekly Under 37. 50 40. 00 42. 50 45.0 0 47. 50 50.00 52. 50 55.00 57. 50 60. 00 62. 50 65.00 67. 50 70.00 72. 50 75.00 80. 00 85.00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
and
37. 50
4 2.5 0 4 5 .0 0 47. 50 50.00 52. 50 55.00 57.50 60.00 62. 50 65.00 67.50 70.0 0 72. 50 75.0 0 80.00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 ovpr

Men
C le r k s, accounting, c la s s A ____________
M a n u factu rin g________________________
N onm anufacturing-------------------------------

557
350
207

39.5
39.5
39.5

$
82.00
83. 50
79.00

-

-

C le r k s, accounting, cla s s B ____________
M a n u factu rin g------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g____________________

248
123
125

39. 5
3 9.5
39.0

64. 50
65. 50
64.00

_
-

C le r k s, o rd e r ________ __________________
M a n u factu rin g________________________
Nonm anufacturing __ _______________

372
214
158

39. 5
39. 5
4 0.0

71. 50
74. 00
68. 50

_

C le r k s, p a y r o l l __________________________
M a n u factu rin g______________________

182
150

39.5
39.5

76.00
76.00

_
-

O ffice b o y s _______________________________
M a n u factu rin g________________________
Nonm anufacturing __________________

330

39. 5
4 0.0
39.5

45.00
47.00
43. 50

30

31

162
168

8
22

Tabulating-m achine op era tors _________
M a n u factu rin g________________________
N onm a n u fa ctu rin g____________________

205
136
69

40. 0
4 0.0
39.5

73.00
72. 50
73. 50

_
-

B ille r s , m achine (b illin g m achine) ____
M a n u factu rin g______________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g-------------- -------------

368
189
179

39.5
4 0.0
39.5

56.00
58. 00
54.00

B ookkeep ing-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la ss A ______ _______________________
Nonm anufacturing __________________

153

39. 0
3 9.0

62. 50

-

-

-

110

60. 00

-

-

-

39.5
4 0.0
39.5
39.5
39.0

50.
55.
47.
52.
43.

51

97

116
24
92
14

-

-

_
-

_
-

13
13

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

_

_
-

_
-

2
2

58
26
32

56
27
29

41
13
28

27
19

23

8

10

_
-

_
-

3

5
5
-

_

6

-

-

-

6

8

_
-

27
7

28
7

19
7

8

20
6

17

-

-

14

9

20

21

12

20
22

-

-

-

-

10
10

15
14

103

126
6o

8

2
1

-

-

-

-

“

2

_
-

11

29

4
7

12

10

17

3
7

9
5
4

1
12

1
1

_

11

5

12

-

2

-

13

27
16

-

6
1

18
-------5“

12

31
26
5

48
16
32

5

44
23

3

18

22
10

6
12

23
15

22

32

2
1

33
15
18

55
17
38

49
31
18

115
85
27

14
14
-

6
6

27
15

16

-

12

34

15
14

29

1

17

59
45
14

18
15

33
19

36
33

21

12
22

12

72
53
19

82
45
37

53
36
17

4

13
3

-

12

10

1

1

1

16
2

2

8
8

3

14

19
17

-

2
1

6

4
4

11
10
_
-

1

31

21
10
1

-

5

5

7
5

_

_

-

-

4
4

2
2

19
19

50
40

16

13
7

7

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

1

_

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
5
5 ----- 6
"

25

16

14

n r~

n

17
F5

-

-

4

6

2
1
1

1

-

48

54
38

1

11

5

13
9

10
3

8

8
3
------ 5“ — 3

—

—

----

7
r~

5
4

15

4

5

2

30

22
8

23
14
9

26
6
20

14
14
-

6
1

22
21

28

34

14
13

18
l6

24
— ZT"
3

32
25
7

6

------5“

22

4
4
-

14

11

7
11
9 — 9— ------ T ~
13
3
2

-

2
2

37
30
7

1

_

7

-

1
6

W om en

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs,
cla s s B ________________________________
M a n u factu rin g________________________
Nonm anufacturing _________________
W holesale trade __________________
F inance ** ________________________

1,074
334
740

212
429

626

00
50
50
50
50

C le r k s , accounting, cla ss A ____________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing __ _______________
P ublic utilities * ___________________

299
327
45

39. 5
40. 0
39.5
4 0.0

1, 804
593
1 , 211
182
213
343

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
39.5
40. 0
38. 5

316
197
119
77

39.5
4 0.0
39.0
39.0

2
116
12

_
40

52. 50
55. 00
51.00
57.00
55.00
46. 00

C le r k s, file , c la ss A -------- -----------------M a n u factu rin g________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g------------------------------Finance * * ---------------------------------------

118

-

57

68. 00
68.00
68. 50

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s B -----------------M a n u factu rin g________________________
Nonm anufacturing __________________
P ublic utilities * ----------------------------W holesale trade __________________
Finane e * * ----------------- ------------------

57

-

51
9
42

57.00
57. 50
55. 50
52. 00

74. 50

104

_
-

_
-

_
-

66

147

100

1

32
-

12
85
4
74

56

8

8

4

62
-

10

137

2
1

-

-

4

50

58

_
"

_
“

6
-

6
6

26
74

1
7
36

21

16

6
6

13
9

16
18
17” — r r -

107
46

105
57
48
33
3

42
30
-

22

20
12
8

34
4
30

65
33
32
3

82
17
52

66

61

39

2

25
32

"

7
7
-

30
13
17
-

15
15
-

192
74
118
4
18
52

151
53
98
7
14
49

269
45
224
31
76
52

62
7
5

2

20
5
- ----- T
5
13
5
12

~

30
16
14
14

9
9

-

62
20

2

205
148
162
82 ... u ... -----§5~"
77
123
82
17
27
40
15
32
11
4
33
3

22

29

""20

22
11
11

19
16
3

—

57
47
“ T r ­—
io
22
4
8
11

T T

9

54
32
18
-

92
46
46
9

12
1

46
TZ
14
“

22
12
8
“
47
— 24“
23
45
26
19
5
-

1
33
— 3?r
3

See footnotes at end o f table.
* T ransportation (exclu din g ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public utilities.
** F inance, insurance, and re a l estate.




N OTE:

Data f o r n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g do not in c lu d e in fo r m a t io n f o r d e p a rtm e n t and
l im i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s ; the r e m a in d e r o f r e t a il tra d e is a p p r o p r ia t e ly
r e p r e s e n t e d in data f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d and f o r n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g .

1
1
-

11
10 ----- j —

2
-

2

65
17
48
7

95
---- 71“
24
5

57

37
18
19
13

16

41
24
4
4

2
2
2

3
3
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

1

-

3

-

-

1

3
-

5
5

4
3

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

_
-

70
25
45

19

4
3

7

45
15
30

2
2

5

1

6

10

11

14
7
7

10

2
-

-

68

33
23

25
43
5
52

12

40

10

9

2

6

1
8

"

-

-

9

-

2
1
1

"

"

1
8
6

_

-

-

2

12

1
1

-

_
-

3
7

3

1

-

-

-

3
-

1
-

3
-

"

_
-

3

2
2

_
-

_
-

“

■

“

1
1
_

2
1
“

5

2

-

_
-

1
1

-

_
-

-

O cc u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , St. L o u is , M o ., F e b r u a r y 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings 1 fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
in St. L ou is, Mo. , b y industry d ivision , February 1955)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours'
(Standard)

Women - Continued

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

S
$
S
s
«
t
$
s
t
S
$
s
1
S
s
$
*
%
$
S
Under 37. 50 4 0.0 0 42. 50 45. 00 47. 50 50.00 52. 50 55. 00 57.50 60. 00 62. 50 65. 00 67. 50 70. 00 72. 50 75. 00 80.00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100. 00
and
$
and
37. 50 under
40. 00 42. 50 45.0 0 47. 50 50. 00 52. 50 55.00 57. 50 60. 00 62. 50 65.00 67. 50 7 0.0 0 72. 50 7 5.0 0 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.0 0 100.00 o ve r

C le rk s, file, c la ss B ___________________
Manufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing____________________
Public utilities * _________________
W holesale trade __________________
Finance * * ________________________

1.075
373
702
89
170
343

39. 5
4 0.0
39.0
40. 0
40. 0
38. 5

$
43. 50 2 206
48
45. 00
42. 50 158
48, 00
46. 00
22
97
40. 50

C lerk s, ord er ___________________________
M anufacturing________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________

507

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

52. 50
53. 00
52. 50

258
128
69

4 0.0
40. 0
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

56.
54.
61.
62.
63.

Com ptom eter op era tors ________________
M anufacturing________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
W holesale trade __________________

1. 167
718
449
179

40. 0
40. 0
39. 5
3 9.5

56.
56.
56.
54.

50
50
50
50

Duplicating-m achine op era tors
(m im eograph or ditto) -------------------------Manufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing____________________

193
115
78

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

50. 00
49. 50
50. 50

Key-punch o p era tors __________________
M anufacturing________________________
N onm anufacturing____________________
Public utilities * ---------------------------Finance ** ________________________

720
340
380
94

39. 5
40. 0
39.0
40. 0
38. 5

54.
53.
54.
61.
50.

00
50
50
50
50

32
27
5
5

7
5

O ffice girls _____________________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing____________________

266

39.5
4 0.0
3 9.0

46. 50
4 8.00
43. 00

39

21

C lerk s, p a y r o l l _________________________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public utilities * _________________
W holesale trade ________________________

268
239
876

618

168
183
83

S ecreta ries _____________________________
M anufacturing________________________
N onm anufacturing____________________
Public utilities * _________________
W holesale trade __________________
Finance ** _ _____________________

2.470
1,325
1, 145

1
1

122

33
89
-

11
69

131
60
71
9

59
163
19
30
91

26
26
50

8
2
8

-

-

6

8
6
2

25

45
28
17
3

81
43
38
28

72
43
29

15

00
00
50
50
50
50

272
342

Stenographers, general ______________ __
M anufacturing -------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing____________________
Public utilities * _________________
W holesale trade
_ _ _
_
Finance ** ________________________

3. 096
1,508
1, 588
309
503
460

39. 5
4 0.0
3 9.5
40. 0
39.5
39.0

56. 50
57. 00
55.50
61. 50
56.00
51. 50

Stenographers, technical _______________
Manufacturing -------------------------------------

299
252

4 0.0
4 0 .0

4

7
5

2

"

11
7
4

8
1

15
5

11

10

4

3

30

61. 50

61.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

_

13

1

-

-

-

44
27
17

42

6

37

9
7

15
3

_

-

-

19

2

-

-

2
1

-

12

12
12

-

5

2
1

2
1
1

-

1
1

3
3

1

20
10
10

-

1

101

54
13
41

10

67
34

104
70
34

_
■

_
~

_
-

16

7
3
3

4
4
“

8

13
5

"

"

-

-

“

_
-

_
-

-

17

39
32
7

34
27
7

13
13
-

56
13
43

66
11

112

6

55

1

25

139
34
105

221

292
158
134
17
33
51

420
164
256
31
98
77

336
147
189
36
76
49

4
3

11
11

26

See footnotes at end o f table.
* T ransportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public utilities,
** Finance, insurance, and real estate.

-

36
15

76
69
7

1
10

10

_

3

81
56
25

63
49
14
7

52
36

30

.

-

21
10
1
6

3

52

-

71
25
46
15
14

9
35

18

-

15

21

78
143
14

20
66
3

1

-

-

12

11

43
69
-

22
10
12
16

5

1

58
40
18
7

49

26

11

6

11

3

4

3

35
24

13
5

1
2

1

_

147
69
78

246
TB
131
17
54
32

233
150
83

20

21

164
114
50
13
34
■

128
73
55

42

319
227
92
7
46

50
43

58
54

32
29

35
31

-

252
153
99

187
30
47
78

_

16
5

-

389

202

16

20
20

“

18
41

20

5

14

21

81
63
18
13

13
3

13
47

11

31
13
14

12

48

-

4

-

43
23
4

2

“

-

21

-

10
21

-

6

8

-

10

_

2
2

8

40

1
12
2

1

_

2

-

5

-

_

59
18
41
9

3

-

-

_

8

-

-

-

1

70

1

-

-

1

-

-

"

13

66

2

-

-

-

-

-

4

88

-

-

-

31

5

_
-

12
12

85
32
53

10

-

_

-

-

-

1
2

12

2
2

_

-

31
16
15

7

49

-

-

-

5

_

-

-

8
8

1

2
-

9

23

45
27
18

155
94

-

_
-

8
2
6

30
l6
14

12
12

159
99

_
-

5
5

-

68

24

13

65
7
58
5

-

24
17
7

30

5

1

19

27
17

5
5
-

_
-

32

38
25
13

1

_
-

5
4

6

8

-

-

14
9
5

-

4
14

5
-

61

_

28

13

58
35
23
14

18
18

60

16

11

18
-

38
30

110

34
14

134
89
45
14

19
19
-

11

21

37
14
23
5
9

29

45
27
18

1

-

10

59
48

8

-

15
9

8

11

00

-

-

124

8
8

6

-

25

-

6

3

20

94
76
18
14

00

15
7

2

7

4

2
1

20
8

98
75
23
5

31
23

22

39
30
9

46

2
2

-

28
22

28
24
4

79
44
35
7

39
16
23

13
13
-

70.
71.
68.
76.
68.
59.




26

54
29
25

8
16

39.5
40. 0
39.5
40. 0
39. 5
39.0

226

130
32
98
30
36

44
19
25

50
50
50

24

222

-

1

6
16
45

5

143
67

6
25
9

20
25

8

7
5

3
-

2
2

3
3
-

-

~

51

18

21

12
6
6

9
3

23
"

30
23

~

5

2

3
-

5
“

_

_

_

-

■

-

-

1

~

181
'1 W

~

61
8
22

26

14

5

113
40
73
41
19

78
33
45

52
15

12

30

10

30
30

2

1

1
1
206
~ I*5 “

6

13

-

6

■

210

-

16
21

-

6
—

r ~

146
lOO
46
19

2

-

-

350
18?
163
56
49
34

247
8S

39
13

4

82
28
54
26
“

4
4

4
3

22
2
37
28
9
4

1

-

162

60

12
5

26
18
-

2

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

♦
-

_

_

_

“

-

*

“

78
52
26

84
32
52
3

16

43
37

2
1

4

2
-

-

-

21
2
2
4

1

3
-

-

1
1

8

3
5
5
~

_

13
3

6
1

_

.

■

-

-

_

Table A-l: Office Occupations - Continued
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hoars and earnings 1 fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
2
in St. L ou is, Mo. , by industry division , F eb ru a ry 1955)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E WEEKLY EARNINGS 0 F -

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

S
S
*
S
S
$
s
i
*
s
S
*
s
s
$
$
S
f
S
$
$
W
eekly
W
eekly
67. 50 70. 00 72. 50 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00
earnings Under 37. 5,0 40. 00 42. 50 45.0 0 47. 50 50. 00 52. 50 55.00 57. 50 60. 00 62. 50 65. 00
hours
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
under
37. 50 40. 00 42. 50 45. 00 47. 50 50. 00 52. 50 55. 00 57. 50 60. 00 62. 50 65.00 67. 50 70. 00 72. 50 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90.00 95. 00 100.00 over

W omen - Continued
Sw itchboard op era tors
_ __ -----------------M a n u factu rin g____________ ____ _____
N onm anufacturing______________________
Finance ** __________________________

411
121
290
81

41. 5
4 0 .0
4 2 .0
3 9.5

«
P
53. 00
&0.00
50. 50
48. 50

"

10
10
10

24
24
9

5
2
3
3

120
11
109
9

36
8
28
20

49
9
40
22

18
7
11
2

23
13
10
1

25
7
18
1

21
16
5
-

20
l5
5
”

21
8
13
-

10
8
2
2

12
4
8
-

Sw itchboard o p e ra to r-re ce p tio n is ts -------M anu factu ring---------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g----------------------- -------

603
300
303

4 0.0
4 0.0
40. 0

53.00
53.00
52. 50

15
15

10
10

27
12
15

22
22

81
47
34

34
21
13

157
78
79

58
48
10

29
15
14

55
41
14

31
17
14

17
3
14

35
2
33

14
14
-

3
1
2

Tabulating-m achine op era tors ___________
M a n u factu rin g__________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g---------------------------------P ublic u tilities * __ _______________

183
92
91
47

39. 5
39.5
39. 5
4 0.0

67. 50
64. 00
71. 00
79.00

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

5
5
“

4
2
2
-

'

8
5
3
1

8
3
5
2

13
9
4
3

9
2
7
2

14
13
1
-

26
21
5
1

17
3
14
5

9
6
3
2

T ra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p era tors,
g e n e r a l___________________________________
M a n u factu rin g----------------------- __ _____
N onm anufacturing______________________

576
334
242

39. 5
40. 0
39.5

52.00
52. 50
51. 50

10
10
-

4
4

23
9
14

66
24
42

55
21
34

64
47
17

126
78
48

48
30
18

47
40
7

36
22
14

50
31
19

13
5
8

5
3
2

T yp ists, c la s s A _____ ________ ____ __
M a n u factu rin g__________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g______________________

741
428
313

39.5
4 0 .0
3 9.0

56. 50
57. 50
55. 50

6
6

4
2
2

4
4

15
8
7

48
14
34

54
23
31

76
39
37

83
49
34

118
64
54

98
80
18

88
59
29

66
58
8

18
8
10

T y p is ts , c la s s B __________________________
M a n u factu rin g---------------------------------------N onm a n u fa ctu rin g______________________
P u b lic utilities * ___________________
W holesale trade ____________________
F inance ** -------------- -------------------------

2. 508
1,181
1,327
148
375
499

39.5
4 0 .0
39.0
39.5
40. 0
38. 5

47. 50
48. 50
47.00
54. 00
51. 50
42. 00

129
22
107

141
44
97

338
113
225
13
24
142

350
137
213
10
39
92

418
235
183
40
45
58

268
151
117
7
55
27

303
173
130
12
69
13

192
148
44
4
16
6

96
67
29
3
19
4

39
7
32
28
1
"

50
8
42
41
“

1
2
*
**

_

-

-

4
83

9
70

_

80
83
29 “ 4T
54
34
4
9
31
20
2
2

~

H ours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees receiv e their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these weekly hours.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 100 at $30 to $32. 50; 26 at $32. 50 to $35; 80 at $35 to $37. 50.
T ransportation (excluding r a ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public utilities.
F inance, in surance, and rea l estate.




7
4
3
2

1
1
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

_
-

7
3
4
3

15
15
-

17
4
13
3

9
2
7
7

2
2
-

13
13
13

12
4
8

13
10
3

~

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

14
9
5

32
3
29

11
6
5

5
5
-

1
1
-

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1
~

"

9
8
1

5

14

_

1

-

-

-

-

5
5
"

14
13
1
~

-

-

-

1
1
"

_

-

5
5
5

~

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

"

6

Table A-2*- Professional and Technical Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings 1 fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
in St. L ou is, Mo. , by industry d ivision , February 1955)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G S T R A I G H T - T I M E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F

Av e r a g e

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings
(Standard)

t
%
%
1
t
Under 50. 00 52. 50 55. 00 57. 50 l o . 00 62. 50 65. 00 67. 50 70.00 72. 50 75. 00 80.00 85.00 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115. 0C *120.00 *125.00
and
$
and
50. 00 under
52. 50 55.00 57. 50 60.00 62,50
■ -5.Q 70.00 72. 50 75.00 80.00 85.00 9 0 .0 0 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 o v e r
fe.7A -

Men
Draftsm en, s e n i o r ______________________
M anufacturing________________________

629
526

39. 5
39. 5

$
93.00
91. 50

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

Draftsm en, junior ______________________
M anufacturing-------------------------------------

314
214

39. 5
40. 0

73.00
68. 50

9
9

4

20
15

17
17

8
6

29
19

20
19

—

r

19
17

208
188

40. 0
40. 0

68. 50
68. 50

-

_

5
5

8

26
24

25
24

13
12-

20
— r r

19

7

9

17
17
7

6

6

17
i?

33

— rr

18
n r-

63
-------- S T -

21
l6

35

20
■ TS—
“

34

68
—

v

r

95
~

---------S i -

16
13

116
95

11
19
10 — 5

54
40

45
42

22
21

9

32
~

_

_

_

4

~

■

*

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

39
3>
<

20
19

6
5
_

39
12
_

"

W omen
N u rses, industrial (reg istered ) ------------M anufacturing________________________

20

— W

3
1

9
----- 7“

3
3

_

_

1 Hours r e fle c t the workw eek fo r which em ployees re c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sala ries and the earnings corresp on d to these weekly hours .




NOTE: Data fo r nonmanufacturing do not include inform ation fo r department and
lim ite d -p rice va riety s to r e s ; the rem ainder o f reta il trade is appropriately
rep resented in data for all industries com bin ed and for nonmanufacturing.

O ccupational Wage Survey, St. L o u is, Mo. , F eb ru a ry 1955
U. S. DE PA RTM EN T OF LABO R
B ureau o f L a b or S tatistics

Table A-3*. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
in St. L o u is , M o. , b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , F e b r u a r y 1955}
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O cc u p a tio n an d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n

C a r p e n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e _________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------- ----------------------

Number
of
workers

619
575

Average
hourly
earnings

$
2 .2 7
2. 25

$
$
$
$
U nder 1 .5 5 1 . 60 1 .6 5 1. 70
and
$
1. 55 under
1 . 60 1. 65 1. 70 1 .7 5

$
1. 75

$

1 . 80

5
5

-

-

-

5
5

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

-

-

2
2

2. 30

2. 35

2. 40

2 .4 5

2. 50

2 . 60

2. 70

2 . 80

2 .9 0

5

32
28

11
11

31
30

58
58

24
24

60

22
2T

32

105

21

101

42
42

4
4

56
56

43
43

"

"

18
18

_

_

1

-

100
100

3
-

7
4

1
1

24
24

8
8

19

15
15

10
10

20
16

11

38
14

27
27

94
94

23

7

21
20

26

-

26

11

11
11

39
39

_
"

5
5
"

17
13
4

31
29

22
20
2

24
24

88
88

12
12

11
8

9
9

68
68

8
8

-

3

~

-

47

47
33
14

_

3

18
14
4

_

-

20
8
12

48

20

"

"

143
143

138
81
57

255
249

36
34

111

15

24
24

70
70

558
558

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

_

-

10
10

_

-

24
24

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

58
53

10

6

51
32
19

10
10

9
9

17
17

34
34

44
44

52
52

19
18

13
13

148
148

52
50

_

59
59

51
51

84
84

94
94

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

6

4

22

2

10
8
2

5
5
-

H e lp e r s , t r a d e s , m a in te n a n c e __________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _______________________

1 ,7 0 4
1, 547
157

1 .9 3
1 .9 4
1. 84

51
39

26

37
36

155
153

1

2

M a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m ____ _
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________ ______ ________ ___

704
701

2. 25
2. 25

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

18
18

.

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

_

.

_
-

2

2

14

_

2
2

2
2

19
19

21
21

38
38

40
40

37
37

-

■

~

51
36
15
15

74
72

121
121

_

.

_

“

27
27
-

20
20

2
2

13
9
4
4

~

”

■

”

_
"

182
182

92
92

30
30

_

_

_

_

_

_

4

226

-

-

-

80
78

86

2

198

78

-

94
92

2
2

8
8

2
2

2
2

4
4

73
73

10
10

8
8

15
11

13
13

2

1
1

37
37

-

■

200

79
79
-

20
20

-

“

63
63
-

33
28
5

19
16

-

“

40

27
27
-

5

-

*

2
1

-

16

-

264
264

37
37

21

1
1

2
2

-

52
49
3 !

-

10
10

5
5

7
3

29
25

77
77

17
17

10

_
-

6

-

-

_
-

35

11

10
10

_
-

42
9
33
24

2

-

_
-

5
4

51

6

-

-

_
-

7
5

3
-

38
38

87
87

_

20

18
18

4
4

16

274
247
27
6
226

12

260

“

120

431
392

2. 29
2. 27

4
-

P i p e f it t e r s , m a in te n a n c e ------ --------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------------------

1. 123
1 ,0 5 7

2 . 39
2 . 39

_

_

-

-

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e --------M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________

242
239

2. 37
2. 37

_

-

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
_____________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------

1 , 21 1
1 ,2 1 1

2. 52
2. 52

1

-

10
10

18 1
18

8

in

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

50
50

21

1

-

“

*

1
1

8
8

3
3

18
18

33
33

8
8

17
15

8
8

39
33

25
25

34
30

64
64

2
2

8
8

36
36

22
22

15
15

1
1

7
7

22
22

30
30

8
8

28
2d

39
46

56
56

67
67

149
149

104
lo 4

92
27

369
669

53
53

10
10

_

_

-

-

3
3

22
22

7
4

3
3

25
25

3
3

14
14

47
47

15
15

28
28

19
19

3
3

6
30
30 -------T

48
48

22
22

36
36

41
41

222
222

326
326

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

-

"

-

16
'

'

'

'

16

16

"

1

-

16

‘

-

4

8

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n c e ------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------

_

8
8

71
28
43
43

12
11

-

15
l4

14
4

270

2

2
2

37

-

_

_
-

79

5

-

_

■

255
255

1
1

17

_
-

-

259

_

-

6
6

133
130

-

2

-

86
86

38
38

-

_

92
92

114
114

2

36
33

192
118

95
92

.

-

-

45
45

-

-

1

-

5

37
25

-

16
26

23

47
44

-

3

-

16

34
34

2. 27
2. 27

2
2

13
23

15
15

8

_

-

36
14

2.
2.
2.
2.

24

119
69

2. 09
2 .0 9
2 . 08

2.
2.
2.
2.

$6 ~

over

258
192

508
391
117

-

42
42

3 .0 0

39
39

F i r e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r _______________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _________ ______________

1 .9 9
1 .9 9

2. 25

154
143

2
2

475
455

2 . 20

297
297

-

O il e r s
.. _
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------

2 . 10 1Z. 15

148
148

-

709
709

2 .0 5

39
39

-

M illw r ig h ts __________________________________
M a n u iftciu rin g

2 .0 0

99
97

-

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n c e _______________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________ —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ____________________

1 .9 5

37
37

10

1 .3 3 7
1 ,2 5 7
80
41

1 .9 0

94
92

2. 37
2. 40

664
99
565
518

1. 85

$
$
$
$
$
s ,
2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2 .9 0 3. 00

64
62

411
345

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e (m a in te n a n c e ) __
M a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------- ---------P u b lic u t ilit ie s * _________________________

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2. 05 2 . 10 2 . 15 2 . 20 2. 25 2. 30 2. 35 2. 40 2 .4 5

33
31

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y -------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------

2 .4 1
2 .4 2

2. 00

11

2. 35
2. 34

1 .4 4 0
1, 344

s

35
34

1 ,5 7 0
1 ,4 2 6

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n c e --------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------------

$
1 .9 5

-

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n c e ________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___________________________

12

$
1 .9 0

and

-

26

$
1 . 80 1 .8 5

_
-

"

_

_

"

“

263
263

83
83

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

185
185

43
43

-

_
'

'

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
O cc u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , St. L o u is , M o . , F e b r u a r y 1955
T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
___________________________________ ___________________________________ ______________________________ B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s




NOTE: Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for department and
lim ited-price variety stores; the remainder of retail trade is appropriately
represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

8

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s 1 f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s a s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s in
S t . L o u is , M o . , b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , F e b r u a r y 1 9 5 5 )
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N I N G S O F —
O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is i o n

Number
of
workers

G u a r d s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g _ ______ ___________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
_______ _________________
F in a n c e * * _ _ _ _
_
_

883
796
87
80

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d c le a n e r s
( m e n ) _____________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________ __ _______________

\
4 .6 2 1
3 ,0 2 1
1,6 0 0
224

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __________ _____ __
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * __________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _____ ____________
F in a n ce * * ____ _____ ____________

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
( w o m e n ) __ _______________________ _____
'M a n u fa c t u r i n g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * ____ ____________
F in a n ce ** __ _____ __ „ ________

Average
hourly
earnings

1 .-/4
1. 78
1. 32
1. 30

1 . 36

221

1.4 9
1 . 12
1. 52
1. 32

391

.9 9

1 . 100
320
780
92
480

1. 0 8
1. 2 8
1 . 00
1. 2 8

0 . 85
and
under

$
0. 85

$

$

$
Under

.9 0

-

1 .6 0

1. 65

1. 70

1 .7 5

1.

80

1 .8 5

1.9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10

2 . 20

.9 5

1 .0 0

1.0 5

1 . 10

1. 15

1 .2 0

1.2 5

1.3 0

1.3 5

1.4 0

1.4 5

1. 50

1. 55

1.6 0

1. 65

1.7 0

1.7 5

1.

1. 85

1.9 0

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 .2 0

over

18
f in

25
n r

91

5
----------5 "

87
87

39
39

26
26

-

-

and

2

3

1

1

4

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

205
30
17 5

116

18 9
75
114

15 9
16
14 3

2
20

20

64

58

21

30

94

8

11

18

34

-

10 9

11

10
8

456
4
452

1

451

6
6

24

_

_

24

-

-

-

-

"

-

9

_

6 ,0 4 4
4 ,3 6 1
1 ,6 8 3
535

O r d e r f i l l e r s ________ ___________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------- N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e ___________________

2 ,5 6 1

1. 73

1,2 5 9
1,3 0 2
830

1 .6 9
1. 77
1. 77

”

8
8

1 .4 2 9
1,0 0 9
420
34 2

1.6 5
1. 6 1
1. 73
1. 73

10
10

5
5

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

469
360

26

31

11

47
47

5
5

P a c k e r s , shipping ( w o m e n ) __
M a n u fa ctu rin g _ _ _ _ _

_________

1.

9

i

1

-

-

11
11

1
1

7
7

7
7

284
256
28
4

524
430
94
38
13

278
273
5

207

2
2

-

58
—

V

T

-

306
285

11
11

364
323
41
14
24

-

-

-

-

21

40

22

18
3

39

18
4
4

36
64
7

15

8

22

12

10

5

19

12
2

5
4

68

48
48

33
33

_

41
16
25
24

20
20

_

6
6

18 2
25

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

780

802
648
15 4
85

332
269
63
28
25

396
361
35

220

577
56
547
18 2
13 6

586
273
3 13
205
75

331

2 10
160

22

299
32
23

19 9
18 9

9

85
14
71
46

802
371
431
3 15

-

-

13
7

25
25

5
5

112
62

39
23

42

50
36

16

"

14 3
10 3
40
38

4

42
42

9
4
5
5

_

_

4 16
3 12
10 4

1

1

_

4

58

1

8

1
21

273
2 17
56
3

10

98

49

22

26

16

54
54

23
15

13 1
12 7
4

17 5
73

16 6

10 2

19 9

10 2

10 1

“

30

64
61

75

55
36

9

17 1
16 4
7

8

-

12

_

18
18

-

-

7
7
-

28

1
1
-

39
39
-

25
25
-

-

-

-

12 1
12 1

27
27

72

35
35
-

24
24

-

-

-

6
6

12
16
16

-

7
7

-

6
6

_
_

_
_

_
_

“

"

73

66

5
4

36

20

_
_

-

10

I 24
!

_
-

2

15 7
14 7

■

_
_

-

350
3 16
34

■

_

-

117

'

4
4

_
_
_

10 1

'

-

_
_

51
42
9

8
8

-

1
1

8

-

-

_

5
3

-

-

2

14 1
80
61

4

_

-

7
• 3
4

4
4

-

-

2
2

-

-

38
29
9

2

_

12
12

-

119
114
5

_

-

-

“

2

-

16
16

“

_

-

8
8

_

_

4
4

20
20

-

18

3

-

-

16
16

99
99

-

-

6
8
8

i

85
82
3

-

-

8

12 2

56
23
33

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

"

16

-

5

_

_

18 0

~

20

1
1

16

-

6
6

-

20
12
8

-

234
36
IF - 1 5 T

15

21
6

9
59
46

_

95

79
43
36
3

11

1

80

12 9
51
41

11
1

-

W

2

440
397
43
17
24

~

9

“

100

6

30
3TT

6
6

68

9

62

I T " ” “5 5 “

11
11

49
19
5

57
7
50

25

54

2

51

1. 27

P a c k e r s , shipping ( m e n ) _________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ______ __ _________
W h o le s a le tr a d e — ________________

-

11

-

19
35
7
23

80
23
57
5

_

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l han dlin g _ ________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * __________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e ___________________

749

11

14

3

!
i

10
2
8
8

4
4

3
3

-

;

$

1 .5 5

16
76

-

$

%

1.5 0

-

10
10

$

$

1 .4 5

8

1. 67
1. 65
1. 70
1. 8 0
1. 6 2

$

1 .4 0

10 8

_

$

$

S

1.3 5

-

-

$

$

1 . 30

-

>

$

$

1 .2 5

224

.9 8

$

$

1 .2 0

-

414 3

$

1. 15

92
18
74

6

$

1 . 10

2
2

10

$

1 . 05

234

299
71
3228

S

1 .0 0

4
4

”

$

$

0 .9 5

4
-

-

$

0 .9 0

664
96

2
88

19
16

30
17

69

1

1

30

34

55

270
16 4
10 6
74

2 11

40

94
94
-

92

14 4
72
72
25

9
46
16

258
19 4
64
33

12 8
70
58
52

71
31
40
40

300

18 0
40

10
30
28

17
19 4

66

50

17
5

_

_

5

5

13

25

10
2
8

5

12

3

8

1

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

32

37
_

73
60
13

21

66

63
23
40

84
58
26

26

39
27

85
73

32

15

9
23

24

26

12

10

!
R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s ________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g
______ ______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __

____________________
______ __ „
___

591
376
2 15
12 7

1.8 4
1. 83
1. 84
1 . 80

.
_

-

_
”

_
_

_
_
“

_
_

6
6
_

2
2

19
_
_

19
_

_
“

—

_

20
4
16
16

25
15

10
10

29
3
“

37
23

12

6
6

~

12
12

2
“

________
S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b le .
*
T r a n s p o r t a t io n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) ,
* * F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .




c o m m u n ic a t io n ,

O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y ,
a n d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

S t.

L o u is ,

M o. , F e b ru a ry

19 5 5
U . S. D E P A R T M E N T

O F

LA B O R
B u reau

NOTE: Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for department and limitedprice variety stores; the remainder of retail trade is appropriately represented
in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s

9

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations - Continued
( A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s 1 f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s 23 s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
5
4
S t. L o u is , M o . , b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , F e b r u a r y 19 5 5

in

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

S hipping c l e r k s _
M a n u fa ctu rin g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

__

_

______________________

Number
of
workers

392
273
119
72

Average
hourly
earnings

$
$
$
$
0 .8 5 0 .9 0 0 .9 5 1 . 0 0
U nder and
$
under
0 . 80
.? 5 1 . 0 0 1 .0 5
.9 0

$
$
1 .0 5 1 . 1 0

$
$
s
$
$
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1 .1 5 1 . 2 0 1 .2 5 1 .3 0 1 .3 5 1 .4 0 1 .4 5 1 .5 0 1 .5 5 1 .6 0 1 .6 5 1 .7 0 1 .7 5 1 .8 0 1 .8 5 1 .9 0 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0
and

1 . 10

1 .1 5

1 .2 0

1 .2 5

1 .3 0

1 .3 5

$
1 .8 7
1 .8 5
1 .9 3

1 .4 0

1 .4 5

3
1
----- j — ----- 3—

l.,5Q

8
— 8

435
254
181
76

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d er l l 2 t o n s ) ____
/
M a n u fa ctu rin g
........................
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _ __ _
_
_ __

335
193
142

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m (1 Va to and
in c lu d in g 4 t o n s ) ___
_ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________
_
P u b lic u t i li t ie s * __________________ _
W h o le s a le tr a d e

1 .2 5 2
545
707
369
230

2 .0 2
2. l2

1 . 12 2

150
972
567

2 .0 8
2 .1 4
2 .0 7
2 .0 8

1 .3 1 6
1, 137
179

1.8 1
1 .8 0
1 .8 5

283
272

1 .5 5 4
931
623
64

1 .3 4
1 .5 2
1 .0 8
1 .4 2

W a tch m en ___________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
__________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______ __ __ „ ___
P u b lic u t i li t ie s * ____________________

1 .8 3
1 .7 9
1 .8 7

6

-

-

-

-

-

*

E x c lu d e s p
D a ta r e la t e
W o rk e rs w
W o rk e rs w
W o rk e rs w
T ra n sp o rta

r e m iu m p a y f o
to m e n w o r k e
e r e d is t r ib u t e d
e r e d is t r ib u t e d
e r e d is t r ib u t e d
t i o n ( e x c lu d in g




-

-

-

-

-

“ ~ r~
-

39
33
6

3
3

-

25
<S5“
-

9
5
4

1 .8 6

1 .9 3
1 .7 8

1 .9 5
1 .9 6
1 .9 7

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

1
1

-

-

6

6

-

3
3

12

14

-

-

10

12

4

2

2

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

3
3
3

6

-

' -

6

-

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

-

-

44
44

T i

11

— 5“
5

-

13
13

21

13

4
17
17

11
2

-

■

4
3
-

~ n

-

1

-

-

-

7
b

5
4

28
“ 27

1
1

1
1

1
1

18
~T8
_

7
7
_

L

12

-

-

-

-

-

61
61

13

45
45

41
31

272
272

8

5

45
45
2

11

97

-

12

11

85
4

69
69
5

228

14

10

12
2

|218
1

114
59
55

-

66

57
9

36
7
29
18

|

r o v e r t im e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la t e s h if t s .
r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
a s f o llo w s :
7 8 a t $ 0 . 7 0 to $ 0 . 7 5 ; 4 1 a t $ 0 . 7 5 to $ 0 . 8 0 ; 10 9 a t $ 0 . 8 0 to $ 0 . 8 5 .
a s f o llo w s :
2 4 a t $ 0 . 7 0 to $ 0 . 7 5 ; 6 1 a t $ 0 . 7 5 to $ 0 . 8 0 ; 5 8 a t $ 0 . 8 0 to $ 0 . 8 5 .
a s f o llo w s :
2 2 a t $ 2 . 2 0 to $ 2 . 2 5 ; 1 1 a t $ 2 . 2 5 to $ 2 . 3 0 ; 2 0 0 a t $ 2 . 4 5 a n d o v e r .
r a il r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l it ie s .

23

66

110

6

63
3

96
14
5

17

2

39
38

83
7l

1

12

10

7
7

!
i

1
2
3
4
5

55

20

17
3

1

1 .8 0
1 .8 0

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o th e r than f o r k li f t )
Man u fA rtur ing

21
~T T ~

8

1 .8 6

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( fo r k l i ft )
______________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
____________________ ___
Nnnm flnn rtn rin jr

----- j—

1 ,7 5

2 .0 0

S h ippin g and r e c e iv i n g c le r k s
M a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________ _______
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________

T r u c k d riv e r s , h eavy (o v e r 4 ton s,
t r a i l e r t y p e ) ______________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b lic u t i li t ie s *

1-1.55. .1 . 6 .Q
.

14
14

78
78

44
42

100

115
105
T O T - TO?
12
6

1

2

96
4

1 .8 0

31
“ 78“
13
g

2
2

33
14
19
19

12
11
1

64
64

70
" W
24

36
~Z3

12
12

5
7

9
9
-

-

98
95
3

105
60
45

33
33

44
40

5
3

12

-

1 .8 5

55
51
4
1
1

18

1 .9 0 JLJUL z n o . 2 . 2 0

36
14
22
A
*2

30

20

30
3

3
— 3“
-

45
“ T9

29

6

-

23
9
14

113
“ TO
103
34

116
11

61

25

30
30

17
17
-

49
49

124

-

18

172
5b

8
1

7
(

96
76

79
35
44

28
15
13
11

6

5”
-

42
33
9
Q
O

22

18
4
4

44
42
2

9
—

98
74
24

*233

24

7

72
4

741

101

11

730
537

59
42
30

}52
50

68

189
135
54

140
140

32
32

58

2

426
“ 18
388
292
94

31
31

30
30

27
23

92
82

47
47

10
1

-

66

5

18

3

-

1

5
5

6
12
12

3

*

59
35
24

87
36
51
-

8
10

-

1

41
17
24
7%
LO

n v& r

-

_

226

7

102

7?
75
4

10
10

23
20

-

3
3

-

10




B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l: Shift Differential Provisions 1
P e rce n t of manufacturing plant w ork ers—
(a )
I n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
f o r m a l p r o v is io n s f o r —

S h if t d if f e r e n t ia l

S e c o n d s h ift
w o rk

T o t a l __________

____________

_____

______________________ _

„

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h if t w o rk

(b )
A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n —

S e c o n d s h ift

88. 2

84. 5

15 . 2

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

7. 1

_______________________

88.2

84. 5

15 . 2

7. 1

______________________________________

6 1. 8

5 1. 7

11. 7

6 .4

U n d e r 5 c e n ts
____________ _____ _______ ___________ „
5 c e n t s ______________________ _________________________________
6 c e n t s __ ___________ _____________________________ _______
7 o r 7 l / z c e n t s __ ________
______ __________________
8 c e n t s _ _________ _____________
_________ ___ _______
9 c e n t s ________________________ _____________ ___ _________
10 c e n t s _______ ________________________________________
12 c e n t s -------------------- _ ___________________ __ _____________
1 2 l /a c e n t s
_______________ ______ ________ _____________
_______________ ___________________________ ____ _
15 ce n ts
O v e r 1 5 ce n ts
_______________________
_____ ____ „

3. 2
15 . 5
9. 3
6. 5
. 3
5. 8
18 . 8
_
. 3
1. 2
.9

W i t h s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _______________
U n if o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r)

U n if o r m p e r c e n t a g e

_________

_______________

__________

_

4 p e r c e n t _____________________________ __
_______________
5 p e r c e n t _______________________________________________________
7 l / z
p e r c e n t _________ ________________________________________
8 p e r c e n t _______________________________________________________
10 p e r c e n t ________________________________ _______________
1 5 p e r c e n t ____ _________ ___________________________________
F u l l d a y ' s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s _ _________
_______
O t h e r * ________ ___________ __
_______________________ _
_
N o s h ift p a y d if f e r e n t ia l

. .. . . .

-

. 3

.8

-

2 .9

2.6

2 .2

1.9
2. 3
10 .7
2 1 .4
4 .4
. 8
5. 3

2.0

1.4

..1
. 3
3 .7
. 1
. 3

.
-

1

.9
. 3
.4
1. 1

2 .2
.4
A
.9
•

22 . 6

1 6 .7

.7
5
5 .9
7. 5

. 3

1.2

.
.

1.0

. 3
.3

1

_

.9
5 .6
.4
8 .9

8.

_

1.0

1. 0
2. 8
"

1 5 .1
"

3 .0

-

.8
.6

. 3

1
1

"
_
.4

"

Shift differential data are presented in term s o f (a) establishm ent p o lic y , and (b) w ork ers actually em ployed on late shifts
at the tim e o f the survey. An establishm ent was con sid ered as having a p o licy if it met either of the follow ing conditions: (l) Op­
erated late shifts at the tim e o f the survey, o r (2) had form al p rovision s co ve rin g late shifts.
Includes such com bination plans as a ce n ts -p e r-h o u r o r percentage differential plus a paid lunch period; full d ay's pay
fo r reduced hours plus a flat sum ; and full day's pay fo r reduced hours plus a c e n ts -p e r-h o u r or percentage differential.
A L e s s than 0. 05 percent.
O ccupational Wage Survey, St. L ou is, Mo. , F eb ru ary 1955
U .S. D EPARTM ENT OF LABO R
Bureau o f L a bor S tatistics

1

Table B-2* Minimum Entrance Rates for Women Office Workers 1
N um ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith s p e c ifie d m in im u m h ir in g ra te in—

B a s e d on stan d ard w e e k ly h o u rs 2 o f-

A ll
in d u strie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts s t u d i e d ______ __ __ ___________________

229

M anufacturin g

N onm anu f a c tur ing

M anufacturin g
M in im u m r a te
(w e e k ly s a la r y )

107

40

XXX

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith s p e c ifie d m in im u m h irin g rate in—

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

122

XXX

A ll
in d u s tr ie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

37j /2

XXX

229

F O R IN E X P E R IE N CE D TYPI£>TS
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having a s p e c i fi e d m in im u m _______________
$ 3 0 .0 0
$ 3 2 . 50
$ 3 5 . 00
$ 3 7 . 50
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 50. 00
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 5 . 00
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 60. 0 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

un d er
under
un d er
u nd er
u n d er
u n d er
un d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
under
over

$ 3 2 . 50 _____ ________ ____ _____
$ 3 5 . 00 _________________________________
$ 3 7 . 50 _________________________________
$ 4 0 . 00 _________________________________
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00 _________________________________
$ 4 7 . 50 _____ ____ __________ __________
$ 5 0 . 00 ............ ................................................
$ 5 2 . 50 _________________________________
$ 5 5 .0 0
________ __ ________________
$ 5 7 . 50 ____________ _____ ___________
$ 6 0 .0 0
____ _____________ ___________
__ __ _______________ ________________

132

66

63

4
8
10
12
41
19
15
10
5
4
1

_

_

3
1
5
21
12
9
8
4
2
1

2
1
4
21
12
9
7
4
2
1

-

-

1

66

107

40

XXX

A ll
s c h e d u le s

122

40

37V2

XXX

XXX

FC)R O T H E R n EXPERIEN<CEB CLER K CA L WORK]ERS
51

6

4
5
9
7
20
7
6
2
1
2

4
4
4
5
16
6
5
2
1
2

.

-

-

-

-

1
2

1
1

-

-

2

N onm anufacturing

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h ou rs 2 o f -

145

66

63

79

60

.

3
3
4
20
16
6
7
3
2
1
1
-

2
3
3
20
16
6
6
3
2
1
1
-

8
6
15
7
21
7
6
3
1
2

8
4
9
4
16
6
5
3
1
2

-

8
9
18
11
41
23
12
10
4
4
1
3
1

.

1
2
1
1
1
-

6

2
1
1
1
1
-

-

-

_

2
1

2
-

-

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g no s p e c ifie d m i n i m u m ____ __

67

35

XXX

32

XXX

XXX

70

36

XXX

34

XXX

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ic h d id n o t e m p lo y
w o r k e r s in th is c a t e g o r y _ _________________________________

29

6

XXX

23

XXX

XXX

13

5

XXX

8

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

D ata not a v a ila b le __ ____________

_____________________

1

'

1 L o w e s t s a la r y ra te f o r m a l l y e s ta b lis h e d f o r h ir in g in e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s f o r typing o r o th e r c l e r i c a l j o b s .
2 H ou rs r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a l a r ie s . D ata a r e p re s e n te d f o r a ll w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n w ork w eek s r e p o r te d .




O ccu p a tion a l W age S u r v e y , St. L o u is , M o. , F e b ru a r y 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b or S ta tis tics

12

Table B-3: Frequency of Wage Payment
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

F r e q u e n c y o f paym en t

A ll w o rk e rs ________________________________________
W eekly _____________ ______ _______________________
B iw e e k ly __ _____ ____________________________ ___
S e m im o n t h ly ________________________________________
M onthly --------------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
A
*
**

AH
.
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities*

Wholesale
trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Finance * *

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public A
utilities

*

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

37
12
50
A

32
12
55
A

64
25
11

57
43

13
13
73

82
15
3

83
17
-

81
19
A

93
3
4

In clu d es data f o r r e ta il tra d e (e x c e p t d e p a rtm e n t and l im i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie t y s to r e s ), and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
In clu d es data f o r r e t a il tra d e (e x c e p t d ep a rtm e n t and l im i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s ) , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 2. 5 p e r c e n t.
T ra n sp o rta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t ilitie s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .

Table B-4: Scheduled Weekly Hours
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS1 EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

W eek ly hou rs
All
2
industries

A ll w o rk e rs

Under 3 7 1 /?. h ou rs __
3 7 V 2 h ou rs _______________________________________
O ver 3 7 V 2 and under 4 0 h ou rs _________________
4 0 hours __________________________________________
O ver 4 0 and under 4 8 h ou rs ____________________
4 8 hours __________________________________________ _______

1
3
A
*
**

100

Manufacturing

100

Public
utilities *

100

A

5

3

A
A

3
7
4
85

94

A

-

A

92

A

Wholesale
trade

100

3
5

A
91
-

Finance * *

100

6
23
15
56
-

AH
,
industries

Manufacturing

100

100

A

Public
utilities*

100

A

Wholesale
trade

100

A

4

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

87
3
5

90

98
-

92
7

A
A

A

D ata r e la te to w om en w o r k e r s on ly.
In clu d es data f o r r e t a il tra d e (e x c e p t d e p a rtm e n t and l im i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie ty s to re s), and s e r v ic e s in ad d ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
In clu d es data fo r r e t a il tra d e (e x c e p t d e p a rtm e n t and l im i t e d -p r i c e v a r ie ty s t o r e s ) , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
T r a n s p o rta tio n (e x clu d in g r a ilr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u tilitie s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




O ccu p a tion a l W age S u r v e y , St. L o u is , M o. , F e b r u a r y 1955
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

13

Table B-5: Paid Holiday Provisions
PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Item

All
2
industries

A ll w o r k e r s _______________________________________

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Finance#*

AH
industries 3

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
A
39
34
24
A

100

100

97
4
48
35

100
3
50
37

10

98
15
15
36
32

100

A
14
49
35
-

98
39
57
A

100

3
46
40

-

-

N u m b er o f pa id h o lid a y s
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g paid
h o lid a y s __________________________________________
5 d a y s __________________________________________
6 d a ys --------------------------------------------- ----------------------- ---7 d a ys __________________________________________
8 d a y s __________________________________________
11 d a ys __ _____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g no
pa id h o lid a y s
____________________________

___

11
-

A

-

3
17
4
73
3

A

10
“

5
34
60
A
-

A

3

P r o v i s io n s f o r h o lid a y s o c c u r in g
on n on w ork d a y s 4
W ith p r o v is io n s f o r h o lid a y s fa llin g on
S atu rd a y ____________ ____________________________ _
A n o th e r day o f f w ith p a y ___________________
E x tr a d a y 's p a y -----------------------------------------------O p tion o f a n oth er day o f f o r e x tr a
d a y 's pay ____________________________________
P r o v i s io n s d iff e r f o r v a r io u s h o lid a y s
O th er p r o v is io n s _____________________________
S atu rda y is a s c h e d u le d w o rk d a y f o r a ll
w o r k e r s __________________________________________
N o p r o v is io n s (o r no pay) f o r h o lid a y s
fa llin g on S a t u r d a y ____ _______________________
W ith p r o v is io n s f o r h o lid a y s fa llin g on
Sunday ------------------------------------------------------------------A n oth er d a y o f f w ith pay ____________________
E x tra d a y 's p a y _______________________________
O ption o f an oth er day o f f o r e x tr a
d a y ’ s pay ____________________________________
P r o v i s io n s d iff e r f o r v a r io u s h o lid a y s _____
O th er p r o v is io n s _____________________________
N o p r o v is io n s ( o r n o pay) f o r h o lid a y s
fa llin g on Sunday _______________________________
W ith p r o v is io n s f o r h o lid a y s fa llin g
d u rin g v a c a tio n -------------------------------------------------A n o th e r day o f f w ith p a y ____________________
E x tra d a y 's p a y _______________________________
O ption o f an oth er day o f f o r e x tr a
d a y 's pay ________________________________ __
P r o v is io n s d i ff e r f o r v a r io u s h o lid a y s _____
O th er p r o v is io n s ___________ _____________ __
N o p r o v is io n s ( o r no pay) f o r h o lid a y s
fa llin g du rin g v a c a t i o n --------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

53
29

12

54
37

1
1

68

87
14
33

47
27
17

29
18
-

76

80
15

55

61

93
14
54

17
43

A
A

-

11

A
A
A

A
A

25
-

5
3

6

6

4
A

3
-

41
-

-

16

A

A

-

-

3

A

A

-

-

46

46

13

50

68

20

20

4

32

95
93
A

92
89
A

100

92
91
-

100
100

91
80

96

87
85
-

A
A

A

-

5

8

79
58
13
4
A
4

20

-

10

9

98
79
19

A
-

-

A
-

-

_

A
_

-

5

*

6

4

-

13

77
55
13

95
69
23

84
50
17

70

84
29
44

88
24
52

98
53
38

21

A

8

A

A

-

16

7
A
3

9
3

A

3
17

23

5

13

30

13

12

A

12

98
A

-

62
-

8

86

5

88
42

6

E s tim a te s in clu d e o n ly f u ll - d a y h o lid a ys p ro v id e d annually.
In clu d es data f o r r e t a il tra d e (e x c e p t depa rtm en t and l im it e d -p r ic e v a r ie t y s t o r e s ) , and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
In clu d es data f o r r e t a il tra d e (e x c e p t depa rtm en t and lim it e d -p r ic e v a r ie t y s t o r e s ) , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n show n s e p a r a te ly .
L im it e d to p r o v is io n s in e sta b lis h m e n ts having a fo r m a l p o lic y app lying w hen h o lid a y s o c c u r on n o n w o rk d a y s ; s o m e o f the e s tim a te s w ou ld b e s lig h tly h ig h e r i f p r a c t ic e s d e te r m in e d in fo r m ­
a lly as the situ a tio n o c c u r s w e r e in c lu d e d .
j
A L e s s than 2. 5 p e r c e n t .
O ccu p a tion a l W age S u r v e y , St. L o u is , M o ., F e b ru a r y 1955
* T r a n s p o rta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R
* * F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tics




14

Table B-6:

Paid Vacations

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All
j
industries

A ll w o r k e r s .

Manufacturing

Public
utilities v

* holesale
trade

Finance**

AH
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities *

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
-

99
99
-

100
100

100
100

100
100

-

-

99
93
6

99
91
7

100
99

-

95
95
-

-

-

A

A

-

-

~

“

A

A

“

5

A

83

-

A

99
-

13

86
3
9

A
A

A

66
34
-

63
27
6

A

~

"

61
11
24

68
15
14

13
87

A
A

A

-

34
A
54
6

35
5
56

42
6
48

100

A
A

A

-

M ETH O D O F P A Y M E N T
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s __________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym en t ____________
P e r c e n t a g e p aym ent _________________
O ther _________________________________
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s ______________________

-

-

A

A

29

81

A

25
3
72
-

19
-

28
68
4

~

”

-

~

“

11
85

12
3
81

7
93

99

A
A

-

-

15
81
4

4

“

“

-

A

A M O U N T O F V A C A T IO N P A Y
A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ______________
2 w eeks ___________________________________
O ver 2 and und er 3 w eek s ______________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________

A
69

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ______________
2 w eeks ___________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________
3 w eeks ___________________________________

A

A

-

-

3

"

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ______________
2 w eek s ___________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s --------------------3 w eek s ___________________________________

6

A

8

A

_

_

_

-

91

88

100

A

-

-

95
4

3

4

“

94
6

93

95

100

A

-

-

-

3

7
A
81
6
"

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
A

Under 2 w eek s ___________________________
2 w eeks ___________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________
3 w eeks ________________________ *
*__________

5

5

96
4

"

83
6
10

A

95

95

A
A

A

1 00
-

90
6

3
■

A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
A

U nder 2 w eeks _
_
2 w eeks __________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s
3 w eek s ____________________

78
3
19

84

68

A
16

-

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .
* T ra n sp o rta tio n (e x c lu d in g r a i lr o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t ilitie s .
** F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .




NOTE:

32

92
4
4

72
14
14

84

A
13

A
89
A
8

55
-

45

88
6
A

O ccu p a tion a l W age S u r v e y , St. L o u is , M o. , F e b r u a r y 19
U. S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s

In the tabu lation s o f v a c a tio n a llo w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v ic e , paym en ts oth er than "le n g th o f t im e " ,
su ch as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a rn in g s o r fla t -s u m p a y m e n ts, w e r e c o n v e r te d to an equ ivalen t tim e
b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a p aym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.

15

Table B-6:

Paid Vacations - Continued

PERCENT OP OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED I N -

V acation p olicy

A ll w o r k e r s ___ ______________________________

A
U ,
industries

100

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities *

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100

_
19

_
8

-

-

77
4

92
-

18

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

All 2
industries

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities *

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

_
41
4
55
-

24
_
70
6

A
19
A
78
-

A
14
A
84
'

_
4
_
96
-

35
6
55
-

41
4
55
-

_
24
68
9

A
’.9
A
76
A
3

L
14
80
A,
3 '

_
A
_
96
A

35
6
55
_
-

39
4
48
9

_
19
_
67
14

A
19
A
69
A
9

A
14
A
76
A
8

_
A
_
71
_
27

33
6
52
4

Finance **

AMOUNT OF VACATION PAY - Continued
A fter 15 years o f se rv ice
Under 2 weeks
__ -----------------------------------------2 weeks _ _______ ____________ _____________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ____________________
3 weeks ___ _________________________________
4 weeks and o v e r _____________________________

-

23
A
74
3

_

A fter 20 years o f s e rv ice
Under 2 weeks
____________________________ _
2 weeks _
_
_ _ __..
__________________
O ver 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks _ ___ _____ _____ ________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ________________ „
4 weeks and over . . .
.
__
______ __ _

_
22
A
72

75

_
6
_
92

-

-

-

5

7

A

_
21
A
66

18
72

_
6
_
64

-

_

A fter 25 yea rs o f s e rv ice
Under 2 weeks ________________________________
2 w e e k s ____ ____ ___________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ____________________
3 weeks ..... ................. ............. __ ____ ____ __
O ver 3 and under 4 weeks
_____ _________
__ ---------------------------------4 weeks and over

-

-

-

12

9

30

1 Includes data for retail trade (except department and limited-price variety stores), and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
* Includes data for retail trade (except department and limited-price variety stores), real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
A Less than 2. 5 percent.
* Transportation (excluding railroads), communication, and other public utilities.
** Finance, insurance, and real estate.




_

16

APPENDIX: JOB DESCRIPTIONS

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to
a ssist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under
a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment
and from area to area.
This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage
rates representing com parable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishm ent and
interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ signifi­
cantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude w ork­
ing su pervisors, apprentices, learn ers, beginners, trainees, handicapped w ork ers, p art-tim e,
tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

Office

BILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records
as to billings or shipping charges or perform other cle rica l work in­
cidental to billing operations.
F or wage study purposes, b ille rs,
machine, are cla ssified by type of m achine, as follow s:
B iller, machine (billing m achine) - Uses a special billing
machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott F ish er, Burroughs, etc. , which
are combination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and
invoices from cu stom ers' purchase o rd e rs, internally prepared
ord ers, shipping mem oranda, etc.
Usually involves application
of predeterm ined discounts and shipping charges and entry of
necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the
billing m achine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by m achine.
The operation usually involves a large number of
carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a
fanfold machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping m achine) - Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott F ish er, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare cu stom ers'
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation.
Generally
involves the simultaneous entry of figures on custom ers* ledger
record .
The machine automatically accumulates figures on a
number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints auto­
m atically the debit or credit balances.
Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of
sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash R egister, with or with­
Digitized fora typewriter keyboard) to keep a re co rd of business transactions.
out FRASER


BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR - Continued
Class A - Keeps a set of record s requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used.
D eter­
mines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated
reports, balance sheets, and other record s by hand.
Class B - Keeps a re co rd of one or m ore phases or sections
of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under b iller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A - Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or m ore sections of a com ­
plete set of books or record s relating to one phase of an establish­
m ent's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or a c ­
counts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with
proper accounting distribution; requires judgment and experience
in making proper assignations and allocations.
May assist in
preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; may direct class
B accounting clerks.
Class B - Under supervision, perform s one or m ore routine
accounting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers,
accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; posting subsidiary ledgers controlled
by general ledgers.
This job does not require a knowledge of
accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in
which the m ore routine accounting work is subdivided on a func­
tional basis among several w ork ers.

17

CLERK, FILE
C lass A - Responsible for maintaining an established filing
system . C la ssifies and indexes correspondence or other material;
may also file this m aterial.
May keep records of various types
in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and locating
m aterial in the file s .
May perform incidental clerica l duties.
C lass B - P erform s routine filing, usually of material that
has already been cla ssifie d , or locates or assists in locating m a­
terial in the file s . May perform incidental clerica l duties.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu stom ers1 orders for material or m erchandise by
m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the
follow ing: Quoting p rices to custom ers; making out an order sheet
listing the item s to make up the order; checking prices and quantities
of item s on order sheet; distributing order sheets to respective de­
partments to be filled.
May check with credit department to deter­
mine credit rating of custom er, acknowledge receipt of orders from
cu stom ers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received , and check shipping invoices with original
ord ers.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production record s; posting calculated data
on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such as worker*s name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions fo r insurance, and total wages due. May
make out pay checks and a ssist paymaster in making up and d istri­
buting pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, records accounting and statistical data on tabulating cards
by punching a series of holes in the cards in a specified sequence,
using an alphabetical or a num erical key-punch machine, following
written inform ation on re co rd s.
May duplicate cards by using the
duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files of punch cards.
May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
P erform s various routine duties such as running errands,
operating m inor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening
and distributing m ail, and other minor cle rica l work.
SECRETARY
P erform s secretarial and cle rica l duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position.
Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering
and making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confi­
dential m ail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in
shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, and transcribing dicta­
tion or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine.
May prepare special reports or memoranda for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

P rim ary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
norm al routine vocabulary, and to transcribe this dictation on a type­
w riter.
May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep
files in ord er, keep simple record s, etc.
Does not include tran­
scribing-m achine work (see transcribing-m achine operator).

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

STENOGRAPHER,

P rim a ry duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of
statistical or other type of clerk , which may involve frequent use of
a Com ptom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to
perform ance of other duties.

P rim ary duty is to take dictation from one or m ore persons,
either in shorthand or by stenotype or sim ilar machine, involving a
varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and to transcribe this dictation on a
typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple record s, etc.
Does not include
transcribing-m achine work.

TECHNICAL

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory respon­
sib ilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwriting
m atter, using a m im eograph or ditto machine.
Makes n ecessary ad­
justment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare stencil or ditto m aster.
May keep file of
used stencils or ditto m a s t e r s .’ May sort, collate, and staple co m ­
pleted m aterial.



SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
ca lls.
May record toll calls and take m essages.
May give in for­
mation to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders.
For workers who also a.ct as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

18

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL - Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
tion
type
This
time

In addition to perform ing duties of operator, on a single p osi­
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also
or perform routine cle rica l work as part of regular duties.
typing or cle rica l work may take the m ajor part of this, w orkerts
while at switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates machine that automatically analyzes and translates
information punched in groups of tabulating cards and prints trans­
lated data on form s or accounting record s; sets or adjusts machine;
does simple wiring of plugboards according to established practice
or diagram s; places cards to be tabulated in feed magazine and starts
machine.
May file cards after they are tabulated.
May, in addition,
operate auxiliary machines.

included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype
or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May do clerica l work involving little special training, such as keep­
ing simple records, filing record s and reports or sorting and d istrib ­
uting incoming mail.
Class A - Perform s one or m ore o f the follow ing: Typing
material in final form from very rough and involved draft; cop y ­
ing from plain or corrected copy in which there is a frequent
and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreign language copy; combining m aterial from several sou rces, or
planning layout of com plicated statistical tables to maintain uni­
form ity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in
final form .
May type routine form letters, varying details to
suit circum stances.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal
routine vocabulary from transcribing machine record s.
May also
type from written copy and do simple c le rica l work.
W orkers tran­
scribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabu­
lary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not

Professional

DR AF TS MAN, JUNIOR

Technical

em ergencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties
of a supervisory or administrative nature.
prepared by drafts­
manufacturing pur­
required. May p re ­
perform other duties

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
Plans and directs activities of one or m ore draftsmen in
preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or p re­
liminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting
blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work
procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work;
performing m ore difficult problem s. May assist subordinates during



and

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER - Continued

(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
man or others for engineering, construction, or
poses.
Uses various types of drafting tools as
pare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
under direction of a draftsman.

Class B - P erform s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing
from relatively clear or typed drafts; routine typing of form s,
insurance policies, etc. ; setting up sim ple standard tabulations, or
copying m ore com plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, c r o s s -s e c tio n s , e t c .,
to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering com puta­
tions such as those involved in strength of m aterials, beams and
trusses; verifying completed work, checking dim ensions, m aterials
to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; making adjustments
or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters
on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of com plete drawings, or
trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as
architectural, electrical, m echanical, or structural drafting.

19

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) - Continued

A reg istered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or suffer an accident on
the p rem ises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a
combination o f the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill or injured;
attendingto subsequent dressing of em ployees1 injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carrying out program s
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant

environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare,
safety of all personnel.

Maintenance

and

TRACER
Copies
tracing cloth or
Uses T -square,
simple drawings

and

plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
com pass, and other drafting tools. May prepare
and do simple lettering.

P o w e r plant

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

ENGINEER, STATIONARY

P e rfo rm s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and
maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins,
crib s, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings,
and trim made o f wood in an establishment.
Work involves most of
the follow ing: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's
handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;
making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work;
selecting m aterials n ecessa ry for the work. In general, the work of
the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience
usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experien ce.

Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrig e ra ­
tion, or air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air com p ressors, generators, m o­
tors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers
and b o ile r-fe d water pumps; making equipment repairs; keeping a
record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consump­
tion. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers
in establishments employing m ore than one engineer are excluded.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
P e rfo rm s a variety o f electrica l trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating,
distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work involves m ost o f the following: Installing or repairing any of
a variety of e le ctrica l equipment such as generators, transform ers,
switchboards, con tro lle rs, circu it breakers, m otors, heating units,
conduit system s, or other transm ission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layout, or other specifications; locating and diag­
nosing trouble in the e le ctrica l system or equipment; working standard
computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical
equipment; using a variety of electricia n 's handtools and measuring
and testing instrum ents.
In general, the work of the maintenance
electrician requ ires rounded training and experience usually a c ­
quired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.



FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand
or operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing b oilerroom equipment.
HELPER, TRADES, MAINTENANCE
A ssists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance
trades, by perform ing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such
as keeping a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning w ork­
ing area, machine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding m a­
terials or tools; perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by jo u r­
neyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies
from trade to trade; In some trades the helper is confined to sup­
plying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working
areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine
operations, or parts of a trade that are also perform ed by workers
on a full-tim e basis.

20

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE

Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine
tools, such as jig b o re rs, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine
lathes, or milling machines in the construction of m achine-shop tools,
gauges, jig s, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost of the follow ing:
Planning and perform ing difficult machining operations; processing
items requiring com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy:
using a variety of precision m easuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling and operation sequence; making necessary adjust­
ments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools,
and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-indu stry wage study purposes, m achine-tool o p era tors, toolroom ,
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establish­
ment.
Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Examining machines
and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling
or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that mainly
involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the
production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of
the machine to a machine shop for m ajor repairs; preparing written
specifications for m ajor repairs or for the production of parts ordered
from machine shop; reassem bling m achines; and making all n ecessa ry
adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of a maintenance
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are w orkers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting m achines.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
MILLWRIGHT
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs
of metal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishment.
Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Interpreting written instruc­
tions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a va­
riety of m achinist^ handtools and precision measuring instruments;
setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal
parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to dimensions of w ork, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining;
knowledge of the working properties of the common m etals; selecting
standard m a teria ls, parts, and equipment required for his work; fitting
and assembling parts into mechanical equipment.
In general, the
m ach in ists work norm ally requires a rounded training in m achineshop practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant lay­
out are required. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications;
using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop co m ­
putations relating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of
gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; installing and maintaining in good
order power transm ission equipment such as drives and speed r e ­
ducers. In general, the millwright*s w ork norm ally requires a rounded
training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs autom obiles, busses, m otortrucks, and tractors of
an establishment.
Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Examining
automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling
equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches, gauges, d rills, or specialized equipment in d is­
assembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from
stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing the
various assem blies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments;
alining w heels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprentice­
ship or equivalent training and experience.



Lubricates, with oil or g rease, the moving parts or wearing
surfaces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an
establishment.
Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface
peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications;
preparing surface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing
putty or filler in nail holes and in terstices; applying paint with spray
gun or brush.
May mix c o lo rs , o ils , white lead, and other paint
ingredients to obtain proper co lo r or consistency.
In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.

21

P IP E F IT T E R ,

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e
a n d p i p e fi t t i n g s in a n e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g :
L a y in g ou t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o lo c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e
f r o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s
o f p ip e t o c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e
t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e ; t h r e a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ;
b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p l in g s a n d fa s t e n in g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d
s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g t o p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , an d s i z e o f p ip e r e ­
q u i r e d ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e t h e r f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t
s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e fi t t e r
r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a
f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
W ork ers
p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a ll in g a n d r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n o r
h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .

PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
K n o w le d g e o f s a n it a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g i n s t a ll a t i o n o f
v e n t s a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g p ip e s a n d
f i x t u r e s ; o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a in s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r ^ s n a k e .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e ­
s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s ,
s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n tila to r s , ch u te s, d u cts, m e ta l r o o fin g )
o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g

Custodial

and

GUARD




-

C o n tin u e d

a n d la y in g ou t a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e ­
p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t tin g up and o p e r a t in g a ll
a v a i la b le t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l - w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f
h a n d t o o ls in c u t t in g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , fit t in g , a n d a s s e m ­
b l in g ; in s t a ll in g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d .
In g e n e r a l , the
w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g
a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a ll y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
( D ie m a k e r ;

ji g m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ;

fix t u r e m a k e r ;

gauge m a k e r)

C o n stru c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o l s , g a u g e s, ji g s , f ix ­
t u r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g i n g s , p u n c h in g a n d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g a n d
la y in g ou t o f w o r k
f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i ­
c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r ’ s h a n d t o o ls an d p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t tin g up a n d o p e r a t in g o f m a c h in e t o o ls
a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g
t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o l in g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n a s w e ll a s o f fin is h e d t o o l s
a n d d ie s t o a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s an d a l l o w ­
a n c e s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r i a l s ,
t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s .
In
g e n e r a l , th e t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r ,s w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in in g
in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a ll y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a
f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t o o l and d ie m a k e r s
in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

M aterial

J A N IT O R ,

M ovem ent

PORTER,

(S w e e p e r;
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t ie s , e it h e r at f i x e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a in t a in in g o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In ­
c l u d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at g a te a n d c h e c k on id e n t it y o f
e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .

M A IN T E N A N C E

OR

CLEANER

ch a rw o m a n ; ja n itr e s s )

C le a n s an d k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d i t io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g
a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r tm e n t h o u s e ,
o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u t ie s in v o l v e a c o m b in a t io n

22

J A N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR C L E A N E R

-

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

C o n tin u e d

o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o li s h in g f l o o r s ;
r e m o v in g c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , fu r n it u r e ,
o r f i x t u r e s ; p o li s h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d in g s u p p lie s
a n d m i n o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , a n d
restroom s
W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .
LABORERS,

M A T E R IA L

(L o a d e r and
stock m a n o r

H A N D L IN G

u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ;
sto ck h e lp e r ; w a re h o u se m a n o r

ORDER

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ;

stock

s e le c to r ; w areh ou se

stock m an )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m
s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s ,
c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n t o fill in g
o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t in g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t ­
g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k , o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s
to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .PACKER,

F or w age

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e ­
s p o n s ib l e f o r in c o m in g s h ip m e n t o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i la b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a n d r a t e s ; a n d p r e -




stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g an d r e c e i v i n g

w ork ers are

c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t
m a t e r i a l s , . m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f
e s t a b lis h m e n t s s u c h a s :
M a n u fa c t u r in g p l a n t s , f r e i g h t d e p o t s , w a r e ­
h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e an d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s an d c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s .
M ay a ls o
lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l
r e p a i r s , an d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e
a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t , a s f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d
o n th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y . )
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d riv e r ,

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c i n g
th e m in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g
d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f u n its t o b e p a c k e d , th e
ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s
th e p la c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s a n d m a y in v o l v e o n e o r
m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r
to v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e a n d s i z e o f c o n t a in e r ;
in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o
p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a lin g c o n t a in e r ; a p p ly in g
la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n t ify in g d a ta on c o n t a in e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o
m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

C o n t in u e d

p a r in g r e c o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t ­
in g w e ig h t an d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , a n d k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t .
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s :
V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g
th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g ,
in v o ic e s , or
o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d g o o d s ;
r o u t in g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; m a in t a in in g
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

s h e lv e r ;
tru ck er;
w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t,
s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f
th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d m e r c h a n ­
d is e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ;
u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c i n g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r
s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d tr u c k ,
c a r , or w h e e lb a r r o w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

-

TRU CKER,

lig h t (u n d e r IV2 t o n s )
m e d iu m (1V2 t o a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a ile r ty p e )
h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r t y p e )

POW ER

O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d
t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s a n d m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t
a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .

tru ck ,

F or w age
a s fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

w ork ers

are

c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e

of

p o w e r (fo r k lift)
p o w e r (o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )

W ATCHM AN
M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g p r o p e r t y
a g a in s t f i r e , t h e ft , a n d i l l e g a l e n t r y .
☆

U. S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O F F IC E : 1955 O __ 342906

F or the convenience of u sers o f BLS data, co p ie s o f bulletins m ay also be purchased from
the follow in g sales o ffice s :
U .S . D epartm ent o f Labor
Bureau o f L abor S tatistics
341 Ninth Avenue
New Y ork 1, N. Y .

U .S . Departm ent o f L abor
Bureau of L abor Statistics
105 W est Adam s Street
C hicago 3, 111.

Uo S. D epartm ent o f Labor
B ureau o f L abor Statistics
630 Sansom e Street
San F r a n c is c o 11, C alif.

O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 17 m a jor la bor m arkets during late 1954
and e a r ly 1955.
Bulletins for the follow ing a reas are now available and m ay be pu rch ased fro m the
Superintendent o f Docum ents, Governm ent P rinting O ffice , W ashington 25, D. C. , or fro m any o f
the reg ion a l sales o ffic e s listed above.

L abor M arket
B uffalo, N. Y.
C leveland, Ohio
D allas, T ex.
P hiladelphia, P a.
M in n eapolis-S t. Paul,
Minn.
D en ver, C olo.
San F r a n c is c o Oakland, C alif.
N e w a rk -J e rse y City,
N. J.
M em phis, Tenn.
St. L ou is, M o.




Survey P e rio d

BLS Bulletin
Number

Septem ber 1954
O ctober 1954
Septem ber 1954
N ovem ber 1954

1172-1
1172-2
1172-3
1172-4

25
25
20
25

N ovem ber 1954
D ecem ber 1954

1172-5
1172-6

20 cents
25 cents

January 1955

1172-7

20 cents

D ecem b er 1954
F ebru ary 1955
F ebru ary 1955

1172-8
1172-9
1172-10

20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

P r ic e
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102