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BUFFALO, N. Y.
(ERIE AND NIAGARA COUNTIES)
SEPTEMBER 1954

BLS Bulletin No. 1172-1

U NITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
James P. Mitchell, Secretary




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Aryness Joy Wickens, Acting Commissioner




Page
INTRODUCTION

1

TABLES:
A:

Occupational earnings * A - l O ffice occupations ____________________________
A -2 P ro fe ssio n a l and technical occupations ______
A - 3 Maintenance and powerplant occupations _____
A -4 Custodial and m aterial m ovem ent occupations _____

B: Establishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary wage
provisions B - l Shift differen tial p rovision s * _______________________
B -2 Minimum entrance rates fo r wom en o ffice
w orkers _____________________________________________
B -3
Frequency of wage p a y m e n t__________________________
B -4 Scheduled weekly hours * _______________________ _____
B -5 Paid holiday p rovision s * ____________________________
B -6
Paid vacations * ____________________________________
APPENDIX:

Job description s _______________________________________

oO v£> r -




C ONTENTS

9

11
12
13
13
14
15
17

* NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations (a lso cov erin g health, in surance, and
pension plans) are available in the B uffalo area rep orts fo r January
1950, January 1952, and A p ril 1953. A d ire cto ry indicating date o f
study and the price of the re p o rts , as w ell as reports fo r other m ajor
a rea s, is available upon request.
A curren t report on occupational earnings and supplem entary
wage p ra ctices is a lso available for the m achinery in dustries in the
B uffalo area (September 1954). Union s ca le s , indicative o f p re v a il­
ing pay le v e ls , are available fo r the follow ing trades o r in dustries:
Building construction, printing, lo ca l transit operating em p loyees,
and m otortruck d riv e rs.
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C.

Price 25 cents




OCCU PATIONAL

WAGE

SURVEY

Introduction
T h e B u f f a l o a r e a i s o n e o f s e v e r a l im p o r t a n t in d u s t r ia l
c e n t e r s in w h ic h th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s h a s c o n d u c t e d
s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s a n d r e la t e d w a g e b e n e f it s o n an
a r e a -w id e b a s is .
In e a c h a r e a , d a ta a r e o b t a in e d b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d a g e n ts to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s
w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a ­
t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l ­
i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l
e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e
s t u d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t in s t it u t io n s a n d the c o n s t r u c t i o n an d e x ­
t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e ­
s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s w e r e a l s o o m it t e d s i n c e th e y fu r n is h
in s u f f i c i e n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d to w a r r a n t
i n c l u s i o n . * W h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e , s e p a r a t e t a b u la t io n s a r e p r o ­
1
v id e d f o r th e in d iv id u a l b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d o n a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e
o f th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s ,
a n d t o e n s u r e p r o m p t p u b lic a t io n o f r e s u lt s .
T o o b t a in a p p r o ­
p r i a t e a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e
th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s i s s t u d ie d .
In c o m b in in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t .
E s t i m a t e s a r e p r e s e n t e d t h e r e f o r e a s r e la t in g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g a n d a r e a , but n o t to t h o s e b e l o w
th e m i n im u m s i z e s t u d i e d . 2
O c c u p a t i o n s a n d E a r n in g s
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d o n a u n if o r m s e t o f
j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t
v a r ia t io n in d u t ie s w ith in th e s a m e j o b (s e e A p p e n d ix f o r lis t i n g
o f t h e s e d e s c r i p t i o n s ) . E a r n in g s d a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r th e f o l ­
lo w in g t y p e s o f o c c u p a t io n s :
(a ) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (b ) p r o f e s s i o n a l
a n d t e c h n i c a l ; ( c ) m a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t ; a n d (d) c u s t o d ia l
and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t.

* T h is r e p o r t w a s p r e p a r e d in th e B u r e a u * s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e
in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , b y F r e d e r i c k W . M u e lle r u n d e r th e d i r e c ­
t io n o f P a u l E . W a r w ic k , R e g io n a l W a g e and I n d u s t r ia l R e l a t i o n s
A n a ly s t.
1 S e e f o l l o w i n g t a b le f o r m i n i m u m - s i z e e s t a b lis h m e n t c o v ­
e r e d b y s tu d y .
2 A n e x c e p t i o n i s m a d e in th e ta b u la tio n o f m in im u m e n ­
t r a n c e r a t e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s w h ic h r e l a t e s t o p r o v i s i o n s
in e s t a b lis h m e n t s a c t u a l ly s tu d ie d .




(i)

B U F F A L O ,

N.

Y .*

D a ta a r e sh o w n f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d
t o w o r k a f u l l - t i m e s c h e d u le f o r th e g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i ­
c a t i o n . E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r
w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d la t e s h if t s . N o n p r o d u c t io n b o ­
n u s e s a r e a l s o e x c lu d e d , bu t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s a n d in c e n t iv e
e a r n in g s a r e in c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s t o th e w o r k s c h e d u le s
(r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f - h o u r ) f o r w h ic h s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s
a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n
r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t 50 c e n t s .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e f e r t o th e to t a l in
a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y an d n o t to the
n u m b e r a c t u a l ly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l
e m p lo y m e n t o b t a in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e r e l a t i v e im p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s stu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t m a t e r ia l ly
a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n in g s d a ta .

E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s a n d S u p p le m e n t a r y
W age P r o v is io n s
I n fo r m a t i o n i s a l s o p r e s e n t e d o n s e l e c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t
p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s a s th e y r e la t e t o o f f i c e an d
p la n t w o r k e r s .
T h e t e r m , " o f f i c e w o r k e r s " , a s u s e d in th is
b u lle t in in c l u d e s a l l o f f i c e c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s a n d e x c lu d e s a d ­
m in is tr a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l p e r s o n n e l.
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n a n d a l l n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e
f u n c t io n s . A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n ic a l
e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n e m p lo y e e s w ho a re
u t i l i z e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d . C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s
a n d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s but a r e
in c lu d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r ie s .
S h i f t - d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta a r e l i m i t e d to m a n u fa c tu r in g in ­
d u s tr ie s .
T h is in f o r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d b o t h in t e r m s o f (a)
e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l i c y 3 a n d (b ) e f f e c t i v e p r o v i s i o n s f o r w o r k e r s

3
A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v in g a p o l i c y i f it
m e t e it h e r o f th e f o l l o w i n g c o n d i t io n s ,
( l ) O p e r a t e d la te s h ifts
a t th e t i m e o f th e s u r v e y , o r (2 ) h a d f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r in g
la t e s h if t s .

2

a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d o n e x t r a s h ift s a t th e t i m e o f th e s u r v e y .
T a b u la t io n s r e la t in g t o e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l i c y a r e p r e s e n t e d in
t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t ; e s t im a t e s in th e s e c o n d
ta b u la tio n r e l a t e o n ly t o t h o s e w o r k e r s a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d o n th e
s p e c i f i e d s h ift .
S u p p le m e n t a r y p r a c t i c e s , o t h e r th an m in im u m e n t r a n c e
r a t e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , a n d s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s , a r e
t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n th e b a s i s th a t t h e s e a r e p r o v i d e d t o a l l
w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in o f f i c e s o r p la n t d e p a r t m e n t s th a t o b s e r v e
th e p r a c t i c e in q u e s t i o n . 4
B e c a u s e o f v a r y in g e l i g i b i l i t y r e ­

4 S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s ( f i r s t s e c t i o n
o f t a b le B - 4 ) a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o m e n
o f f i c e w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in o f f i c e s w ith th e in d ic a t e d w e e k ly h o u r s
fo r w om en w o rk e r s .

q u ir e m e n t s , the p r o p o r t i o n a c t u a l ly r e c e i v i n g th e s p e c i f i c b e n e f it s
m a y b e s m a lle r .
M o r e o v e r , a p r a c t ic e w a s c o n s id e r e d a s a p ­
p l i c a b l e t o a ll o f f i c e o r p la n t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b lis h m e n t i f it
a p p lie d t o a m a jo r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s .
B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,
s u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in t h e s e t a b u la t io n s d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y
eq u a l to t a ls .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p la n s i s l i m i t e d t o f o r m a l
a r r a n g e m e n t s , e x c lu d in g i n f o r m a l p la n s w h e r e b y t im e o f f w ith
p a y i s g r a n t e d a t th e d i s c r e t i o n o f th e e m p l o y e r o r th e s u p e r ­
v is o r .
S e p a r a te e s t im a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c c o r d i n g t o e m p l o y e r
p r a c t i c e in c o m p u tin g v a c a t io n p a y m e n t s , s u c h a s t i m e p a y m e n t s ,
p e r c e n t o f an n u a l e a r n in g s , o r f l a t - s u m a m o u n t s .
H o w e v e r , in
th e ta b u la t io n s o f v a c a t io n a l l o w a n c e s b y y e a r s o f s e r v i c e , p a y ­
m e n ts n ot on a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r t e d ; fo r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t
o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u iv a le n t
o f 1 w eekl s pay.

Establishments and Workers Within Scope of Survey and Number Studied in Buffalo, N. Y . , 1 by Major Industry Division, September 1954
Minimum size
establishment
in scope of
study 2

Industry division

All divisions _
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
Total3

Office

Plant

Total3

51

------. ...

_ ....
... _

_
. _
Transportation (excluding railroads),

_

_

c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 4
W h o le s a le tr a d e
...
R e ta il tr a d e
... .

Finance, insurance, and real e s t a t e _____________
.....
_______
_

S e r v ic e s 4

Number of establishments
Within
scope of
study
772

224

254.200

31,100

182,400

162.090

51
51

418
354

130
94

185,400
68,800

18,900
12,200

137,000
45,400

123,710
38,380

51
51
51
51
51

66
70
126
36
56

25
16
24
12
17

15,900
7, 100
29,400
7,300
9, 100

2,300
(!)
(*)

to

10,500
(5)
(*)
(*)

12,500
2,580
14,890
3,660
4,750

1 The Buffalo Metropolitan Area (Erie and Niagara Counties). The "workers within scope o f study” estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the
size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other area employment indices to
measure employment trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the pay period studied, and{2) small
establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum size limitation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto
repair service, and motion-picture theaters are considered as one establishment.
3 Includes executive, technical, professional and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
4 Also excludes taxicabs, and services incidental to water transportation included in earlier studies.
9 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A and B tables, although coverage was insufficient to justify sep­
arate presentation of data.
6 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; radio broadcasting and television; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineer­
ing and architectural services.




A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-1: Office Occupations
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings 1 for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
in Buffalo (Erie and N iagara Counties), N . Y . , by industry division, Septem ber 1954)

*

Average
Sex, occu p ation , and industry d iv ision

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Men

52
114
35

39.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.5
3 9.0
3 9.0

*
«
P
8 1.5 0
8 5.0 0
8 5.0 0
8 7.0 0
7 2.5 0
7 7.5 0

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

C le r k s, a ccou ntin g, c la s s B _____________
M anufacturing _ _ _
__
_ __
E rie C o u n t y ________________________

158
124
112

39.5
3 9.5
39.5

7 4.5 0
7 7.0 0
7 7.5 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

C le r k s, o rd e r _____________________________
M anufacturing _
E rie County _

232
164
162

4 0 .0
3 9.5
3 9.5

8 0 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

C le r k s, p a y r o l l ___________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________
E rie C o u n t y _________________________

128
126
108

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 6 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

_

_

_

-

-

O ffice b o ys ________________________________
M anufacturing _________________________
E rie C o u n t y _________________________

85
60
45

3 9.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0

46 50
4 6 .5 0
45.5 0

2
2
2

T abulating-m ach in e o p e ra to rs __________

50

39.5

7 4 .0 0

B ille r s , m achine (b illin g m ach in e)
M a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________
E rie Qounty
_
N iagara C ou n ty _____________________
N onm anufacturing
_ _
_____

219
127
82
45
92

39.5
3 9.5
4 0.0
3 9.0
3 9.0

50.50
55.50
55.00
56.00
4 4.0 0

B ille rs , m achine (bookkeeping
m ach in e) __ __
_
_ ............ _ ...
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g_____________________

96
77

3 9.0
3 9.0

B ook k eep in g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s A ______
.
_ F . , ______
M anufacturing _________________________
E rie County
_ .
N iagara County ____________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

176
99
74
25
77

B ook k eep in g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B
M anufacturing
E rie County
N iagara County _ _ _ _ _
__ _ _ _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g_____________________

-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

2
-

1
-

_
_
11
-

5
5
2

_
-

1
-

_
-

_
-

4
4
4

4
4
4

13
5
5

2
2
2

15
5
5

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
2

4
_
-

13
5
5

_
-

_
-

_

_

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_

-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_

3
_
-

4
4
4

5
4
4

21
15
11

8
5
5

6
6
1

3
2
1

14
6
6

3
3
3

2
2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

_
_
_
-

1
_
_
_
1

6
_
_
6

12
_
_
12

43
8
_
8
35

19
5
4
1
14

5
4
2
2
1

22
20
20
_
2

14
12
8
4
2

19
9
8
1
10

52.00
4 9.5 0

_

_

-

-

2
2

13
13

5
5

6
3

4
4

4
4

23
23

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 8.5

59.00
6 5 .0 0
6 5.5 0
6 2.0 0
51.00

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

1
_
_
1

24
8
_
8
16

11
_
11

5
5

11
_
_
_
11

482
100
67
33
382

3 9.0
3 9.0
3 9.0
3 9.0
3 9.5

45.5 0
56.00
54.00
59.50
42.5 0

_
_
_
-

2
2

70
2
2
68

128
128

64
_
64

16
_
_
16

32
14
14
18

347
190
143

3 9.0
3 9.5
3 9.0
4 0 .0
39.0

66.0 0
6 9.0 0
6 9 .0 0
6 8.5 0
6 3.0 0

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

C le r k s , accou ntin g, c la s s A
— ________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------E rie County _
_ _
N iagara C ou n ty _____________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________:_______
P u b lic u tilities*

387
273
221

\

1
s
$
W
eekly Under 32.50 § 5 .0 0 ? 7 .5 0 4 0 .0 0 4 2 .5 0 4 5.0 0 4 7 .5 0 50.00 52.50 5 5.0 0 5 7.50 lo .O O 6 2 .5 0 6 5 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 *80.00 ^ 5 .0 0 *90.00 *95.00
W
eekly
hours
earnings
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
32.50 under
35.00 3 7.5 0 4 0 .0 0 4 2 .5 0 4 5 .0 0 4 7 .5 0 50.00 52.5 0 55.00 5 7.5 0 6 0 .0 0 6 2 .5 0 6 5 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0.0 0 95.0 0 over

6 2 .0 0

-

2

T
T
~

12
2

14
9
9
_
5
-

27
4
14
1

47
36
25
11
11
4

12
12
11

13
10
9

8
5
1

17
15
14

23
17
14

12
12
10

1
1
1

7
7
7

3 26
25
25

23
13
13

19
15
15

12
12
12

6
6
6

16
16
16

16
8
8

11
3
3

35
27
26

26
18
17

4 49
39
39

2
2
-

1
1
-

5
5
5

1
1
1

11
11
5

7
7
5

19
19
17

14 *
14
13

16
16
12

7
7
7

s45
43
43

7
7
2

_

_

-

3
_

-•

-

_
_
-

_

-

4
4
4

2

5

3

8

2

26
18
8
10
8

7
7
5
2
-

21
21
17
4
-

4
4
2
2
-

6
6
1
5
-

2
-

15
12

6
5

_
-

3
2

_

12
_
_
12

_
_
_
_
-

8
7
7
_
1

1
1

19
11
11
8

30
18
14
4
12

46
7
6
1
39

9
4
4
5

26
13
6
7
13

12
7
1
6
5

3
-

14

5

5

5

_

_

_

_

1

5

3

18
12
1
11
6

9

-

6
1
1

4

1

11

11

8

------ 3- ----- 3
3
3
8
5
4
-

—

18
r~
6

_

45

83
T F “
44
11
28
16

51
46
36
10
5
4

45 2 46
¥T"
35
33
6
10
4
3
1
1

.

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

7

9

3

4

11
11
5
6
-

3
2
2
_
1

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

11
4

_
-

_

-

2
-

_

-

-

-

27
27
26
1
-

10
6
4
2
4

8
8
8
-

20
16
16
16
12
6
4 • 10
4
-

_
_

3
_

_

_
_
_

-

3

-

-

8
7
6
1
1

12
12
12
-

5
2
1
1
3

8
7
_
7
1

12
5
1
4
7

_

_
_
_

5

28
14
12

44
10
6

35
18
14

32
24
22

_

2

4

4

9

14

34

17

53
18
17
1
3*

31
23
20
3
8

_

4

W om en

C le r k s, accou ntin g, c la s s A
M anufacturing
... .
E rie C o u n t y ________________________
N iagara County ____________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

47

157

-

2

8

_
-

.

_

_

_
_
_
_

1
1
1

1
1
1

_

_

_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

48
42
28
14
6

11
9
6
3
2

10
6

2
2

5

2
1
1

1

_

2

4

1

-

_

_

S ee f o o tn o te s at e n d o f t a b l e .
O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y , B u ffa lo (E r i e and N ia g a r a C o u n t ie s ), N . Y . , S e p te m b e r 1954
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R




B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is tic s

4

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(A vera g e straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings 1 fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis
in B uffalo (E rie and N iagara C ounties), N. Y. , by industry division , Septem ber 1954)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
w
orkers

%
5
.0
0

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

V o . 00 V 5 .0 0
h . 5 0 §5. 00 1 7 .5 0 l o . o o 1 2 .5 0 I s . 00 1 7 .5 0 l o . o o 1>2.50 l s . 0 0 1 7 .5 0 l o . o o 1 2 .5 0 1 5 .0 0 *67.50 V o . 00 V 5 .0 0 1 0 .0 0
W
eekly
W
eekly
earnings Under and
hours
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
under
3 2 .5 0 35.00 37.5 0 4 0 .0 0 4 2 .5 0 4 5.0 0 4 7 .5 0 50.00 52.50 55.00 57.50 6 0.0 0 6 2 .5 0 6 5 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0.0 0 9 5 .0 0
over

Women - Continued
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B _____________
Manufacturing _________________________
_______ _____________
E rie County
Niagara County _________ ____„____
N on m anufacturing_____
__ _________
Public u tilities* ___________________

7 36
363
265
98
373
37

3 9.0
3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9.5
3 8.5
3 8 .5

$
51.50
56.5 0
55.00
59.5 0
4 7 .0 0
6 1 .5 0

_
-

2
2
-

48
20
20
28
-

52
5
5
47
-

53
9
7
2
44
-

68
8
8
60
2

80
30
28
2
50
-

66
31
22
9
35
9

65
37
22
15
28
2

41
24
14
10
17
-

57
37
27
10
20
-

44
40
33
7
4
-

36
23
17
6
13
8

19
18
14
4
1
1

19
19
10
9
-

27
13
5
8
14
5

38
34
23
11
4
4

12
8
3
5
4
4

9
7
7
2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

C lerk s, file , c la s s A ___________________
Manufacturing _______________________ _
E rie County ________ ____ ______
Nonmanufacturing ____ ________

148
76
43
72

3 9.0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8.0

5 3.50
6 2 .5 0
5 4.50
44. 50

_
-

6
6

6
6

19
19

4
4

12
8
8
4

13
2
1
11

16
9
9
7

8
8

6
5
5
1

1
1
1
-

9
$
9
■

9
7
5
2

3
3
■

■

4
1
1
3

6
6
2
-

25
25
2
~

1
1

_
"

_
~

_
~

C lerk s, file , cla s s B ____________________
M anufacturing _________________________
E rie C o u n t y ________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

394
228
132
166

3 9.0
3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 8.5

4 6 .5 0
53.0 0
4 6 .0 0
38.0 0

18
18

35
35

46
46

16
4
1
12

50
34
32
16

67
47
45
20

28
13
6
15

24
24
20
-

10
10
10
-

9
9
9
-

10
9
8
1

1
1

3
3
1
-

1
1
-

73
71
2

3
3
-

-

.
-

_
-

-

_
-

.
-

C lerks, pa yroll _ _______
M anufacturing _________________________
E rie County
N iagara County ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ____
P ublic u tilities* ___________________

525
394
307
87
131
29

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

58.0 0
59.5 0
6 0 .0 0
59.00
53.00
6 0 .5 0

1
1
-

-

_
-

5
5
-

43
21
19
2
22
2

7
4
4
3
1

17
13
11
2
4
-

48
39
29
10
9
-

80
46
27
19
34
7

44
36
28
8
8
3

47
36
33
3
11
4

18
16
15
1
2
-

36
30
21
9
6
-

35
29
20
9
6
4

36
28
26
2
8
-

21
21
13
8
-

28
26
19
7
2
2

25
25
18
7
-

17
7
7
10
6

15
15
15
-

1
1
1
-

1
1
1
-

________
C om ptom eter o p era tors
M anufacturing _________________________
E rie County ________________________
N onm anufacturing _ __________________

617
349
286
268

3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9.5

53.5 0
57.00
57.50
4 8.5 0

_
-

4
4

4
2
2

32
1
31

35
5
30

38
22
9
16

50
10
7
40

69
35
32
34

108
60
53
48

40
31
31
9

37
14
9
23

44
40
38
4

50
40
34
10

30
23
22
7

8

46
38
27
8

3
3
3
-

4
4
4
-

1
1
1
"

*

_

4
2

14
14
12
-

D uplicating-m achine o p e ra to rs
(m im eograph or ditto)
_
_
Manufacturing _________________________
E rie County ________________ _______

71
59
56

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 7 .5 0
4 9 .0 0
4 9 .0 0

_
"

_
-

_
-

12
2
2

10
10
8

2
2
2

13
12
12

13
13
13

2
2
2

8
8
8

1
1

6
5
5

2
2
1

-

.
“

2
2
2

~

_
~

_
■

_
-

-

“

K ey-punch o p era tors
_
Manufacturing _ ___________ ____ ___
E rie County ________________________
N onm a n u fa ctu rin g_____________________
P ublic u tilities*

307
196
148
111
35

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9.0

54.0 0
56.00
55.5 0
50.5 0
6 0 .5 0

9
_
9
-

6
_
6
-

6
1
1
5
-

19
5
5
14
-

22
17
17
5
3

18
8
8
10
2

36
29
17
7
3

32
21
12
11
2

36
20
14
16
2

17
17
15
-

8
6
4
2
-

27

_
-

22
4
3

18
12
12
6
6

21
9
8
12
11

17
16
10
1
-

5
4
1
1
1

9
8
2
1
i

1
1
1

-

-

-

O ffice g ir ls _______________________________
Manufacturing
_______ _ _ __
E rie County
_
N iagara County ____________________
N onm anufacturing ________________

191
106
72
34
85

3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39 0

4 2.0 0
4 4.0 0
4 4 .5 0
4 4 .0 0
39.00

17
3
3
14

22
4
4

11
6
3
3
5

36
29
23
6
7

18
13
8
5
5

21
7
4
3
14

20
12
8
4
8

13
12
8
4
1

1
1
1
-

2
1
1
1

2
2
1
1
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

4
4
3
1
-

_
-

18

24
12
8
4
12

S e c r e t a r ie s ____ _ _______
_ __
M a n u factu rin g_________________________
E rie County ________________________
Niagara County ____
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g_____________________
P ublic u t i l i t i e s * ____

1.088
734
471
263
354
78

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9.0
3 8 .5

6 9 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

_
-

_
_
-

_
_

2
2
2

5
_
_

6
2
2

28
8
1
7
20

21
12
9
3
9

49
17
17

33
15
9
6
18

38
17
17

61
29
18
11
32
1

88
55
37
18
33
1

77
51
24
27
26
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

4

S ee f o o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n (e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




-

32
4

1

-

21

_
-

i
i

6

_

_

-

-

77
65
55
10
12
4

77
70
42
28
7
2

~ j

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—
-

-

-

-

-

-

205
158
87
71
47
28

65
53
29
24
12
3

61
27
16
11
34
18

35
31
19
12
4
2

19
17
6
11
2
1

141
105
81
24
36
13

Table A-1: Office Occupations - Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings 1 for se le cte d occu p ation s studied on an a re a b a sis
in B uffalo (E rie and N iagara C ounties), N. Y .,b y industry d ivisio n , Septem ber 1954)
Avesagb
Sex, occu p ation , and industry d iv ision

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

1
s
$
s
S
l
W
eekly
W
eekly Under ^ 2.5 0 ^ 5 .0 0 V 7 .5 0 *40.00 *42.50 *45.00 *47.50 *50.00 *52.50 *55. 00 *57.50 *60.00 *62.50 *65.00 *67.50 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0.0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5.00
hours
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
and
32.50 under
3 5 .Q 3 7.5 0 4 0 .0 0 4 2 .5 0 4 5 .0 0 4 7 .5 0 50.0 0 52.5 0 55.0 0 57.5 0 6 0 .0 0 6 2 .5 0 6 5 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0.0 0 9 5.0 0 over
Q

W om en - Continued
$
58.50

S ten ogra p h ers, gen era l __________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________
E rie C o u n t y ________________________
N iagara County ____________________
________
N onm anufacturing
P u b lic u tilities*

1.657
1, 174
853
321
483
97

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.0
3 8.0

3
3
-

8
8
-

40
4
4
36
-

21
11
11
10
-

61
33
16
17
28
-

58
14
7
7
44
-

115
42
28
14
73
7

66
46
35
11
20
1

156

6 0.0 0
6 3.0 0
51.50
6 1.0 0

80
17
59
10

98
71
58
13
27
8

171
146
122
24
25
6

128
90
71
19
38
8

147
"126
96
30
21
7

S ten ogra p h ers, tech n ical
___
M anufacturing
N iagara County ____________________

91
50
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 6.0 0
6 6.5 0
6 8.5 0

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

5
4
2

3
2
2

6
2
-

3
_
-

13
4
3

11
6
6

11
8
2

15
12
8

9
2
2

11
6
5

4
4
4

_

_

_

-

-

-

S w itchboard o p e ra to rs
M anufacturing __
E rie County ________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g .............. ..

282
114
74
168

3 9.5
4 0.0
4 0 .0
3 9.5

55.50
4 3.5 0
6 1.5 0
50.00

-

5
5

11
11

7
_
7

29
3
_
26

26
2
2
24

10
4
4
6

23
2
_
21

16
10
10
6

19
2
1
17

5
5
5
-

12
8
4
4

28
11
10
17

12
11
9
1

28
14
14
14

7
5
5
2

35
32
7
3

7
3
3
4

2
2
_

_
_

_
_

_

-

-

-

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ____
M anufacturing
E rie County
N iagara County ____________________
N onm anufacturing

517
256
69
192

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.0
3 9 .5

52.00
53.50
53.50
53.00
49.5 0

2
•_
_
2

15
8
8
7

10
7
2
5
3

58
30
30

55
28
20
8
27

45
33
17
16
12

90
51
35
16
39

30
26
22
4
4

67
31
25
6
36

27
18
17
1
9

28
25
23
2
3

12
11
8
3
1

19
15
14
1
4

5
5
3
2
-

28
23
20
3
5

4
4
2
2
-

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

28

22
10
10
12

-

-

-

-

T a b ulating-m ach in e op e ra to rs __________
M anufacturing ____
E rie C o u n t y _________ __ __
N iagara County ____________________
N onm anufacturing
___
_

128
78
47
31
50

3 9.5
4 0 .0
4 0.0
4 0 .0
3 8.5

6 3.5 0
6 7.5 0
6 6.5 0
6 8.5 0
58.00

2
_
_
2

2
_
_
2

1
_
_
1

3
_
_
3

5
1
1
4

6
4
3
1
2

6
4
4
_
2

12
8
4
4
4

3
3
1
2
-

10
6
5
1
4

12
6
5
1
6

8
3
3
5

24
19
2
17
5

11
9
9
_
2

11
8
7
1
3

3
1
_
1
2

5
5
2
3
-

1
1
1
-

-

T ra n s crib in g -m a ch in e o p e ra to rs ,
g en era l ___________ _____
_ _
M anufacturing
____
__ __ _____
E rie County __________ _____
___
N iagara C ou n ty_____________________
Nonm anufactur ing ____________________

211
161
132
29
50

3 9.0
3 9.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 8.0

52.50
54.00
54.00
52.50
4 7.5 0

-

7
7
5
2
-

2
1
_
1
1

13
13
12
1
-

2
2
2
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

T yp ists, c la s s A
__ _
__
_ _
_
M anufacturing _____
E rie County
___
, _
N onm anufacturing ____________________

501
354
193
147

3 ?. 5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8.5

57.00
60.5 0
6 0.5 0
4 8.5 0

8
8
8
-

7
7
7
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

1.221
775
442
333
446
72

39.0
3 9.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9.0

48.5 0
52.50
50.00
56.50
41.50
45.5 0

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

'

'

T yp ists, c la s s B „
M anufacturing
E rie County
___
. , __
N iagara County _
__ ____
N onm anufacturing
P u b lic u tilities* ____________________

6 1.0 0

-

-

-

130
78
97
118 ” — 55“ “ T 5
88
50
51
30
14
6
12
32
22
11
30
9

154
99
52“ k l'46
72
38
10
108
17
8
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

1

5

-

-

-

_
_

_
_
5

6
1
1
_
5

_
_
-

36
27
19
8
9

13
4
2
2
9

23
16
15
1
7

43
39
32
7
4

18
17
16
1
1

10
10
6
4
*

7
6
6
1

17
11
11

-

_
1

6

8
7
5
2
1

_
_
-

_
_
-

16
_
_
16

24
8
_
16

13
2
_
11

31
19
1
12

51
17
7
34

14
10
8
4

38
35
29
3

23
12
8
11

13
13
13
-

41
38
33
3

65
30
20
35

30
28
26
2

16
16
12
-

101
101
11
-

10
10
10

19
_

35
_

_

_

19

35

119
55
47
19
53
5

139
59
44
15
80
28

158
103
75
28
55
22

88
84
55
29
4

138
96
59
37
42
7

68
63
28
35
5

58
57
50
7
1

20
19
14
5
1
1

41
53
23
10
8

18
16
13
3
2
2

146
145
8
137
1
1

1
1
1

_

102
13
10
3
89
6

4
4
4

_

67
l£
11
5
51

-

-

-

_

_

_

3
4
5
*




_

_

_
_
_
~

'

H ours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em p loy ees r e c e iv e their regular stra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co r re s p o n d to these w eekly h o u rs.
W o rk e rs w ere d istrib u ted as fo llo w s : 15 at $95 to $100; 20 at $100 to $105; 6 at $105 to $110; 2 at $110 to $11 5 ; 3 at $145 to $15 0 .
W o rk e rs w ere d istrib u ted as fo llo w s : 4 at $95 to $100; 22 at $100 to $ 10 5 .
W o rk e rs w ere d istrib u ted as fo llo w s : 25 at $95 to $100; 13 at $100 to $105; 4 at $105 to $110; 1 at $110 to $115; 1 at $120 to $125; 5 at $125 to $ 1 3 0 .
W o rk e rs w ere d istrib u ted as fo llo w s : 11 at $95 to $100; 34 at $100 to $105.
T ransp ortation (exclu din g r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.

_

13
8
15 — 8
8
12
_
1
_
_
-

6
------ 5“
6
_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_

■

6

Table A-2: Professional and Technical Occupations
(A vera g e straigh t*tim e w eekly hours and earnings 1 f o r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis
in B uffalo (E rie and N iagara C ounties), N. Y . , by industry division , S eptem ber 1954)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d iv ision

Number

of

Weekly
Weekly
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING 8TRAIGHT-TIM E W EEK LY EARNINGS OF -

$
i
$
S
$
S
4 5 .0 0 50.0 0 *55. 00 6 0.0 0 65.0 0 70.00 75. 00 80. 00 85.00 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105.00 no.oo L15. 00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00
and
and
under
5 0.0 0 5 5 .0 0 60.0 0 6 5.0 0 70.0 0 75.00 8 0.0 0 85.0 0 9 0 .00_ 9 5.0 0 100.00 105.00 110. 00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 o v e r

Men
D raftsm en, le a d er -------------------------------------Manufa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------E rie C o u n ty --------------------------------------D raftsm en, se n ior — --------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------E rie C o u n ty --------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ---------------------------------

862
777
494
85

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

99
88
81

D raftsm en, j u n i o r --------------------------------------M a n u factu rin g---------------------------------------E rie C o u n ty ---------------------------------------

467
424
320

_

$
123.00
126.00
126.00

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 6.0 0
9 5 .0 0
88. 50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

74.0 0
75.00
73.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

“

-

“
16
14
14

28
5

i

2

2
l

-

-

2
'

1

10

6
6
4

4
4
2

8
8
6

6
6
6

16
16
16

2
2
2

8
8
8

66
63
30
3

30
28
22
2

10
10
8
”

21
21
12
“

14
14
11
"

2
2
2
a
.

8
6
8

-

-

2
2
2

1
1
1

7
7
7

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

*

.
-

“

6
6
6

6
6
6

16
5
5

2
2
2

14
9
9
5

35
21
15
14

20
16
15
4

83
76
42
7

123
119
95
4

150
134
86
16

141
115
59
26

136
132
71
4

-

7
7
7
_
36
34
30

83
83
72

65
59
55

95
87
75

66
66
38

44
44
16

22
22
9

2
2
2

13
9
7
2

43
43
34
9

47
47
34
13

45
41
25
16

41
40
27
13

18
18
5
13

8
8
3
5

5
5
3
2

u
u

8
8
8

-

-

‘

W omen
N u rses, industrial (re g is te re d ) --------------M a n u fa ctu rin g---------------------------------------E rie County -----------------------------------------------------N iagara County --------------------------------------------

226
213
138
75

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

75.50
76.00
74.50
79.00

-

1

_____ L
1
-

_
-

-

“

-

-

-

1

1 Hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em p loy ees re c e iv e their reg u la r s tra igh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings corre sp o n d to these w eekly hou rs.




Occupational Wage Survey, B uffalo (E rie and N iagara C ou n ties), N. Y. j S eptem b er 1954
U .S . D E PA RTM EN T OF LABOR
B ureau o f L a b or S tatistics

Table A-3: Maintenance apd Powerplant Occupations
(A verage hourly earnings 1 fo r m en in s e le c te d occu p ation s studied on an a re a b a s is in
B uffalo (E rie and N iagara C ounties), N . Y . , by industry d ivisio n , S eptem ber 1954)

454
n rr*
279
87
88

C a rp e n te rs, m aintenance _______________
M anufacturing _______________________
E r ie County ________________________
N iagara C o u n t y ___________________________
N onm anufacturing
_
E le c tr ic ia n s , m a in te n a n ce ____________________
M anufacturing __
_
E rie County _______________________
N iagara C ou n ty____________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g____________________

1,375
1, $1 6

Average
hourly
earnings

$
2. 19
2 .21
2 .2 0
2 .2 4
2. 10

......Z .,2 3

\
.S
3

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

4
-

1 .5 5

i.6 0

1 .6 5

1 .7 0 V 7 3 $
1.80 $
1.85 ^ .9 0 V 9 5

1.60

1.65

1 .70

1.75

1.80

1.85

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .0 5

6

6

14

-

-

12
12
12

6
2
2

4

-

18
17
17

12
12
8
4

2
-

■

2

32
31
24
7
1

50
47
47

32
6

4

4

6

6

.

"

4

1

1

1

-

-

5
4
4

10
9
9

1

1

1

1

14
14
14

38
27
12
15
11

17

35
25
25

-

-

17

10

37
37
37
•

■

4

.
-

-

1
-

7

-

1
1
1

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10
10

-

-

-

-

-

1

4

7

-

15

2

21

964
352
59
33

E n g in e e rs, stationary ________________
M anufacturing _____________________ ___
E rie C o u n t y ------------------------------------N iagara County ___________________
N onm anufacturing _________________

646
489
340
149
157

2 .11
2. 17
2. 17
2. 18
1.93

“

F ire m e n , station ary b o i l e r ___________ _
M anu factu ring_______________________ _
E rie County ___ _____________ ____
N iagara C o u n t y ____________________
N onm anufacturing __________________ _

657
533
300
233
124

1.84
1.91
1.92
1.89
1.55

31
2
2
29

1

H e lp e rs, tra d e s, m a in te n a n ce __________
M anufacturing _____________________ _
______________________
E rie County
N iagara County
_________________
N onm anufacturing
___ __ _ _
P u b lic u tilities * _______________

1, 370
1,2^2
1,015
247
108
94

1.87
1.89
1.91
1.84
1.66
1.67

25
14
14

13
4
4

M a ch in e -to o l o p e ra to rs , t o o lr o o m _____
M anufacturing
..
E rie County ________________________

657
657
625
975
.660
310

2 .2 8
2.
2 .2 6
2 .3 3

493
148
115
33
345
300

2.07
2. 17
2. 16
2 .2 1
2 .0 3
2 .0 3

-

2 .2 9
2 .2 9
2.29

M a ch in ists, m aintenance
M anufacturing _________________________
E rie County ________________________
N iagara C o u n ty -------------------------------M ech a n ics, a utom otive (m aintenance)____
M anufacturing
___________________
E rie County
_____ _
N iagara C o u n ty ________________ __
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u b lic u tilities * ___________________

—

4

1.95

19
18
17
1
1

14

_

2.29
2 .3 0
2 .2 6
2. 16
2 .4 0

\
.S
0

%
.
•

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVIN G STRAIGH T-TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

1.50
^ .4 0 $
1.45 ?
Under
and
$
under
1.35
1.40 1.45 1.50 1.55

-

-

0
0

Number
of
workers

ro"

O ccupation and industry d iv ision

1 . 10

15

2. 10 2. 15 2 .2 0

20 ^ .2 5 ^ .3 0 1 .3 5 ^ .4 0 ^ .4 5 $ .5 0 $ .6 0
2
2

2 .2 5

2 .3 0

2 .3 5

2 .4 0

2 .4 5

62
60
28
32
2

32
32
13
19
*

94
93
86
7
1

21
21
21

113
113
58
55

41
28
22
6
13

24
21
16
5
3

15
14
6
8
1

36
36
31
5

70
67
48
19
3

152
.147
91
56
5

51
51
39
12

164
161
117
44
3

126
126
54
72

-

94
93
28
65
1

-

-

-

26

88
88
71
17
“

42
25
11
14
17

45
25
14
11
20

55
54
36
18
1

72
72
19
53
~

40
40
28
12
“

31
18
17
1
13

17
17
9
8
-

17
17

9
9
9
-

1
1
1

9
9
9
-

-

y
-

3

6

4

"

4

-

-

11
7

9
7

-

15

2

21

13
13
5
8

i?
19
11
8
■

32
28
28
4

44
24
4
20
20

22
3
3
19

50
34
11
23
16

61
31
22
9
30

21
16
12
4
5

26
26
16
10

27
27
16
11

30
30
7
23

41
41
23
18

68
68
35
33

28
28
1
27

75
79
67
8

20
20
8
12

17

12
12
12
-

_

28
27
27
1
1

12
7
6
1
5
5

52
48
28
20
4
4

102
92
64
28
10
10

60
50
37
13
10
8

154
122
89
33
32
32

214
189
160
29
25
20

25
24
17
7
1

120
120
52
68

70
70
26
44

356
356
352
4

5959
59

38
38
38

34
34
34

8
8
8

-

9
9
8

1
-

“

9
9
9

50
50
50

46
46
25

43
43
39

41
41
40

92
92
92

~
.

-

-

-

-

~

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

--

_

_

_

“

8
8
8

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

12
12

360

53
W

346
14

26
-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

33
33
33

54
54
54

43
43
43

83
83
83

129
129
127

22
22
22

3
3
'

117
117
117
“

30
30
3
27

53
53
29
24

155
155
96
59

28
28
28
■

47
47
33
14

94
94
47
47

13
3
3

30
1
1

22
9
9

177
35
35

64
3
3

49
13
6
7
36
36

28
26
16
10
2
2

5
5
5
-

30
19
3
16
11

5
5
5
-

40
24
24

-

5
5
5

13
11

142
123

61
56

-

-

138
138
50
88

29
29

-

-

41
41
34
7

10
7

_ _
-

_

58
58
34
24

1
1

45 25
45 “ 25“ “
45 17
8
-

-

60
58
43
15

1

-

15
15
15

94
94
94
“

-

22

17
17
17

9
9
9

30
27
27
“

-

-

y
n

27

3
3
1
2

9

-

-

-

7
7
4
3

-

9
7

_

-

22
-

12
12
12

-

12
-

-

and
2. 50 2 .6 0 o v e r

-

16
16

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

S e e f o o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .
O c c u p a t io n a l W age S u r v e y , B u ffa lo ( E r i e an d N ia g a r a C o u n t ie s ), N. Y . , S e p t e m b e r 1954
*
T r a n s p o r t a t io n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R




B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is tic s

8

Table A-3: Maintenance and Poyerplant Occupations - Continued
(A verage hou rly earnings 1fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an area b asis in
B uffalo (E rie and N iagara C ounties), N. Y . , by industry d ivision , Septem ber 1954)1
3
2
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E H OURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry d iv ision

Number
of
workers

Average Under $ 35 f . 40
1.
hourly
and
earnings $
under
1
1.40 1.45
$

M echanics, m ain ten an ce_________________
M anufacturing______________________ _
E rie C o u n t y ___
_
_
N iagara C o u n ty _____________________

1 , 581_
1, 547
1,277
270

2 .2 5
2 .2 6
2 28
2 16

M illw rights _______________________________
M anufacturing__________________________
E rie County ________________________
N iagara C o u n ty _____________________

1,037
1, 037
673
364

2 28
2 13”
2 . 32
2 . 21

O i l e r s _____________________________________
Manufacturing___________ _________ ___
E rie County _____________________
Niagara C ou n ty_____________________

584
552
410
142

P a in ters, m ain ten an ce__________________
Manufacturing ________________________
E rie County
---------------------------------N iagara C o u n ty _____________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________

380
279
138
141

.
~
_
-

1.45

$
1.50

$
1.55

$ ,
1.60

8 ,
1.65

$
1 . 70

$
1.75

! . 80 ! . 85

1.90

1.95

2 .0 0

2. 05 2 . 1 0

1. 50

1.55

1.60

1.65

1.70

1 . 75

1.80

1.85

1.90

1.95

2.0 0

2 .0 5

2 . 10

.
“

.
_

_

.
“

"

■

~

_
-

_
-

-

1
1
1

_
-

.
-

-

91

14

9

1 . 93
1 . 97
1 . 80

8
8

8

.
-

.
-

101

2 . 02
2 . 13
2 . 12
2 . 14
1 . 73

~

"

P ip e fitte rs, m aintenance ________________
M anufacturing ______________________
E rie County _______________________
Niagara C o u n ty ____________________

676
674
356
318

2 . 24
2 . 23
2 . 24
2 . 23

.
- !
~

Sheet-m etal w o r k e rs , m aintenance ____
M anufacturing ________________________
E rie County _______________________
N iagara C o u n ty ____________________

244
23$
180
59

2 . 31
2 . 32
2 . 34
2 . 24

1 . 108
1 , 108

.

2

2 . 43
2 . 43
2. 44

T ool and die m akers _____________________
Manufacturing ________________________
E rie County ________________________

1
2
3
*

934

9
9
9
"

6
2
1
1

-

15
15

-

1

_
-

.
-

5
-

"

■

.
"

_
-

32
32
7
25

17
7
7
-

22

17
17
-

29
29
29
-

-

-

-

-

7
7
7

33
33
33

5
5
5

43
33

52
49
39

37
37

66
66

8

10

29

52
14

61

2. 15 2 . 2 0

2 .2 5

92
90
42
48

145
145
103
42

143
143
131

85
85
32
53

63
63

1

72
72
25
47

15
15

28
28

11

10

171
171
171

-

8
8
8

4

32
30

49
49

20
10
2

2

86
86

52
44

8

84

8

2

37
37
33
4

20
20

43
43
32
11

19

99

104
104
104
*

52
52
52
"

-

43

107
107
58
49

170
170

20

120
120
21

12

-

6

5
5

8
8
8

19
19
18

41
35
4
31

3

35

“

■

3

1

"

"

6

2

_
“

.
-

4
4
4
“

9
9
4
5

.
~

11
11
11
■

5
5
5
"

12
12

32
32

106

3

24
24
17
7

11
21

54
52

19
19
14
5

_

3
3
3

4

10

13

3
2
1

7
7

12
12
~

22
22

15
15

13
9

7

7

9
9
9

8

14

”

14
14
14

6
6

38
38

15
15

26

12

64
64
61

66
66
43

.
"

3
“

"

i

■

“

~

“

"

“

2
1

~
7
7

7

9

~

21
8

13

2

2

106

102
68

_

_

14

.
■

and
over

77
77
77
-

11
11

37

2 .6 0

369
369
369
-

3
3
3

5

2 .5 0

2 .4 5

105
99
55
44

5
5
5

3
-

2 .4 0

52
52
45
7

38
3
3

37
-

1 . 60

135
135
89
46

21
12

14

4
4

2 .5 0

61
61
28
33

56
56
47
9

12

1 .4 5

2. 30 2 .3 5

3

-

-

1. 30 ! . 35 1 .4 0

18
23

1 .2 5

1

-

E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r ov ertim e and fo r w ork on w eeken ds, h olid a ys, and late shifts.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 146 at $ 2. 60 to $ 2. 70.
W orkers w ere d istributed as fo llo w s: 138 at $ 2. 60 to $ 2 . 70; 8 at $2. 90 to $3; 4 at $3. 40 to $3. 50.
T ransportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.




15
15
15
“

1. 15 1 . 2 0

.

“

136
136
133
3

2
2
2

-

15 2146
15 146
15 146
~
-

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

46
44
5
39

15
15
15
“

13
13
13
-

6
6
6

1
1
1

8
8
8

47
“

3
3
3
”

“

~

-

89
89
31
58

135
133
39
94

24
24

140
140
69
71

32
32
32

~

16
16
16
■

18
18
18
■

.
*

21
21

24
24
8
16

51
51
41

7
7
7

10
10
10

39
39
39

13
13
13

10

■

2

22
2

106
82
82 ” ToT
106
49

73
73
63

5
5

'

246 3 150
239
239 ” 2 ? r 150
157
246
150

9

Table A-4: Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage hourly earnings 1 fo r se le cte d occup ations 2 studied on an a rea b a s is in
B uffalo (E rie and N iagara C ounties), N . Y . , by industry d ivision , Septem ber 1954)

$
$
0 .8 0 0 .85
Under and
$
under
0 .8 0
.85
.90

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

E rie County ____________________ ^
___
N iagara C o u n t y _____________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g_____________________

1.065
l 012
732
280
53

2 .6 4 9
2 ,0 7 2
1,440
632
577
97

1.53
1.64
1.62
1.69
1 .14
1.48

76
_
3 76
-

12
_
12
-

J a n ito rs, p o r t e r s , and cle a n e rs
(w om en ) ______________ ________ ________
M anufacturing _______________________ _
E rie County
_
^
„
N iagara County ____________________
N onm anufacturing _______ ____ ________

1.107
346
244
102
761

1.15
1.46
1.45
1.51
1.01

133
_
_
4 133

29

L a b o r e r s , m ateria l handling
M anufacturing _________________________
E rie County ___ _________________ ___
N iagara County _______ _____________
N onm anufacturing _ ____
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s * ___«.___________ ___

6 .2 7 4
5 ,0 1 3
3 ,9 3 3
1,080
1,261
343

1.70
1.73
1.74
1.69
1.58
1.73

29
_
_
29

O rd er fille r s __________________________ ___
M anufacturing _________________________
E rie County __ ________ __ _____
N iagara County ____________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________ ______

585
403
368
35
182

1.71
1.71
1.71
1.72
1.70

P a c k e r s , shipping (m en ) _________ ______
M anufacturing _____
E rie County ________________________
N iagara County _ ______

731
702
549
153

1.87
1.89
1.80
2 .2 2

P a c k e r s , shipping (w om en) . . . __ ___ _____
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________
E rie County ________________________

354
266
181

1,33
1.41
1.51

R e ce iv in g cle r k s _________________________
Manufartur ing
E rie County ________________________
N iagara County _____
____
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________

338
260
216
44
78

1.77
1.84
1.84
1.86
1.53

Shipping c l e r k s __ . .
____ __ __
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________
E rie C o u n t y _____ __ _ ___
N iagara County _____________________

224
195
160
35

$
$
1 .0 0 1.05

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
*
$
$
S
t
$
1.10 1. 15 1.20 1.25 1 .30 1.35 1.40 1 .45 1.50 1.55 1.60 1 .6 5 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2. 10 2 .2 0

.9 5 1.00

1 .0 5 1. 10

1.15 1.20

$
1.83
1.84
1.82
1.88
1.75

J a n ito rs, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs
( m e n )__ ________ __ ___ __________ ___ ______
M anufacturing
_
_______ ____ __
E rie County
_
___
’_
N iagara C o u n t y __ ________________
Nonm anufactur inp ___
P u b lic u t ilit ie s * __________ __________

$
$
0 .9 0 0 .9 5

1.86
1.89
1.85
2.07

O ccupation and ind ustry d iv ision

Guards _ __ _________

________________

1

1 .35 1.40

1

1 .45 1 .50

1 .5 5 1.60

3
3
3

1?
19
19

3
3
3
-

1 .65 1 .70

1.80

1 .9 0 2 .0 0

2. 10 2 .2 0 2 .3 0

23
33
_
_
_
_
23
33
- .
-

52
34
19
15
18

241
229
174
55
12

240
240
212
28
-

329
310
173
137
19

41
41
2
39
-

57
57
57
_
-

23

139

16
16
16
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
>
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

56
96
55
1
_

63
9
9
_
54
-

-

2
2
2
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

66
39
31
8
27
4

55
36
31
5
19
5

86
61
59
2
25
2

106
96
*96
10
4

134
122
108
14
12
10

109
88
85
3
21
19

309
307
254
53
2
2

285
238
179
59
47
31

188
187
' 72
115
1
-

555
547
289
258
8
6

167
167
65
102
_
-

39
39
8
31
*

33
33
22
11
-

9
8
2
6

31
31
22
9
-

51
43
30
13
8

49
49
25
24
-

35
33
33
_
2

6
6
6
_
-

_
_
_

158
146
97
49
12
-

349
322
292
30
27
21

569
550
413
137
19
7

423
366
259
107
57
8

555
371
272
99
184
8

914 1122
428 1029
210
708
218
321
486
93
24
249

849
845
824
21
4
-

441
419
410
9
22
22

3
3
3
-

32
32
21
11
-

7
7
7
-

23
23
16
7
-

155
80
80
_
75

173
127
114
13
46

70
54
52
2
16

16
_
_
_
16

139

72
12
10
2
60
-

45
_
45
-

54
16
8
8
38
-

23
9

77
1
1
_
76
5

101
101

84
_
_
84

23
23

105
22
18
4
83

13
7
7
_
6

16
11
11
_
5

81
24
24
57

181
1
_
1
180

66
21
21
_
45

12
8
8
_
4

10
10
7
3
-

22
_
_
22

62
_
_

7
_
7

130
110
102
8
20

82
46
56
_
26

33
16
8
8
17

22
14
14
8

64
22
6
16
42
4

136
119
101
18
17
-

79
14
_

!

3

2

1

_

7

_

1

l

25
14
6
8
11

57

62

13
_
13

_

.

8

_

_

-

_

_

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

45
40
40

27
27
27

_
_
29

5

-

2
-

_
-

10
10
10

!
-

_
_

1
-

23
15
15

11
' 6
6

40
40
40

18
18
12
6

44
44
28
16

51
51
50
1

99
99
82
17

139
118
21

154
154
133
21

15
15
14
1

28
28
7
21

19
18
2

36
36
36

56
8
-

4

15
15
15

_

_

-

-

-

-

16
16
4

14
14
5

1
1
1

51
51
51

57
57
57

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.

1

_

21
7
6
1
14

6
1
1
5

23
22
22
-

9
4
4
5

16
16
16
-

22
20
17
3
2

81
59
54
5
22

42
35
21
14
7

65
65
54
11
-

8
g
5
3
-

7

-

-

4

19
18
18

.

2
2
2

3
3
3

42
38
38

43
36
21
15

30
25
21
4

34
34
26
8

9
9
9

10
10
9
1

12
12
5
7

7

-

1

.
-

1
-

2
.

2
-

1
-

3
-

3
-

14
10
10

13

6

23

-

-

16

-

-

-

24
24
-

10

_

-

-

-

"

10

-

5

-

5

_
_

8

“

-

-

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

2

5

9
i

_

_

1

3

_

12
16
29
-

139
136
3
_
-

_
_
-

8
8
6
2
-

1

-

26

93

1

over

2?
29
29
-

1

19
_
19
-

2 .3 0
and

49
47
41
6
2

1

S ee fo o tn o te s at e n d o f t a b le .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n ( e x c lu d in g r a i l r o a d s ) , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s .




1 .25 1.30

$

-

2

1

-

-

-

-

1

8
8
8

1

-

13
8
1
7
5

_

1

1

_
-

12
8
8

-

1
-

-

9 *74
74
9
33
1
8 4 41

_
-

-

7

7
_

I

O ccupational Wage S urvey, B uffalo (E rie and N iagara C ounties), N. Y . , Septem ber 1954
U .S . DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
Bureau o f L abor Statistics

1
0

Table A-4: Custodial and Material ^Movement Occupations - Continued
(A vera g e hou rly earnings 1 fo r s e le cte d occu p ation s 2 studied on an area b asis in
B uffalo (E rie and N iagara C ou n ties), N. Y . , by industry d ivision , Septem ber 1954)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OP—

Occupation and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

Under 0 .8 0 0 .8 5
and
$
0 .8 0 under
.8 5
.9 0

$

0 .9 0 0 .9 5

$ .0 0 i .0 5
1

$ . 10 5 .1 5
1

$
1.20 1 .2 5

$1 .3 0 5 . 3 5

.9 5 1.00

1 .0 5 1. 10

1 .15 1.20

1.25 1.30

1 .3 5 1.40

$

Shipping and re ce iv in g cle rk s __________
M a n u factu rin g________________________
E rie County _______________________
N iagara County ___________________
Nonmanufacturing _
__ __ __ _____

223
164
134
30
59

1.82
1.86
1.88
1 .7 4
1.73

T ru ck d riv e rs, light (under lV2 ton s) ___
M a n u factu rin g________________________

235
133"
LO
O
102

1.76
1.93
1, 9 2
1.93
1.55

E rie C o u n ty ________________________
Niagara C o u n t y ___________________
N onm anufacturing____________________
Public utilities* __________________

1.312
354
250
104
958
705

1.78
1 .8 4
1.87
1.77
1.76
1.78

T ru ck d riv e rs, heavy (ov er 4 tons,
tra ile r t y p e )__________________ __________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P ublic u tilities* ___________________

784
596
484

1 .9 0

T ru ck d riv e rs, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra ile r t y p e ) ________________
Manufacturing ________________________

320
182
1.043
981
749
232
62

T ru ck e rs, power (other than fo r k ­
lift) _____________________________________
Manufacturing
__________________
E rie County _______________ ______ _
Niagara C o u n t y __ _________________

400
399
311

2

3

1

1.45

N iagara County ___________________
N onm anufacturing____________________
T ru ck d riv e rs, m edium ( l % to and
including 4 t o n s ) _______________________
M a n n fa rtiirin g

Watchmen ________________________________
M a n u factu rin g________________________
E rie County _ _________________ _
Niagara C o u n t y ___________________
Nonmanufacturing _ ______ ____
P ublic utilities* ___________________

1
2
3
4
5
*
*

33

88

685
49T “
315
181
189
37

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
-

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

5
5
6

3
2
2
1

-

14
10
10
4

23
20
10
10
3

47
41
33
8
6

72
53
53
_
19

10
*
1
2
7

12
11
11
1

-

3
-

31
10
10

23
15

53
51
43

18
18

-

4
11
8

8
2

13

358
332

518
40
40
478
372

124
71
42
29
53

107
107
82

410
403
402

141
-

-

212
92

238
217
182
35
21

n

-

8
1

4

-

1

1
1

17
10
10

23
23

_
-

6
-

20

_

_

-

-

_

20

_

-

-

-

6

-

7

3

-

1
1

8
$

51
34
18
16
17

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

20

_

-

_

-

_

-

_

3

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

13
10
10

3

_

-

14
2
1

-

1
12

8
7

24
23

7

9

-

14

1

1

_

_

_
3

42
18
18
24

_

1.8 8

1.82

1.8 6
1.8 6
1.8 8

27
27

_

-

-

_

1.82
1.79

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

8

l
!
4
4
4

1.91
1.91
1.91
1 .9 3
1.46
1 .5 4
1 .5 0
1 .63
1 .2 5
1.56

_

3
-

_
_
3

12

8

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

12

8

_
-

_

22
22
14

19
-

_
_
19

78
58
58
20

10
4
4
_
6

7

18

-

-

_
_
7

_
18

23
15
3
12
8

10
6
6

4

24
19
19
5

4
-

4

2
2
2

42
34
24
10

48
40
15
25

8

8

3

over

1 .8 0

4
-

-

2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0

1.70

l

-

^ .3 0
and

1 .6 5

9
$

-

10 £. 20

1.60

1.50 1.55

1.87
1.85

T ru ck e rs, power (fo rk lift) ______________
Manufacturing __________
___________
E rie C o u n ty ________________________
N iagara County ___________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

1

1 .4 0 *1 . 4 5 1 .5 0 1 .5 5 1 .6 0 1 .6 5 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 *2,00

20
20
20
-

-

49
3o
30
19
5

27
27
21
6

21
21
21

68

46
37
9
22
22

46
46
25
21

17
17
17

1

53
3
11

26
16

5

25
25
13
12

1

1
1

44
44
22
22
-

21

_

5

7
7
7
-

4
4
2
2
-

26
26

-

_

26

_
-

-

-

14
14
14
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

9
9
-

71
69
-

_
-

27
27

9
9

30
27

15
-

179
138
65
73
41

274
274
204
70
-

112
112
106

38
38
37
1
-

32
32
32
-

30
30
30
_
-

24
23
20
3

116
116
74
42

122
122
88

18
18
12

_
_

34

6

58
58
58
-

-

17
17
14
3

82
80
16
64
2
2

40
40
27
13

43
43
43
_

.
_
_

-

_
_

387
29
13
16

_

-

1

-

-

99
99

78
21

-

46
8

6

-

-

_
-

_
_
_

_

_
_

_

_

_

E xcludes prem iu m pay for ov ertim e and for w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late sh ifts,
Data lim ited to m en w ork ers excep t where oth erw ise indicated.
W orkers w ere d istributed as follow s: 18 at $ 0 .6 5 to $ 0 .7 0 ; 58 at $ 0 .7 5 to $ 0 .8 0 .
W orkers w ere d istributed as fo llo w s: 9 at $ 0 .7 0 to $ 0 .7 5 ; 124 at $ 0 .7 5 to $ 0 .8 0 .
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 35 at $2.30 to $ 2 .4 0 ;3 at $ 2.40 to $ 2 .5 0 ;l at $ 2 .6 0 to $2.70; 10 at $2.80 to $ 2 .9 0 ;la t $2.90 to $3; 19 at $3.30 t o $ 3 .4 0 ;l a t $3.70 to $3.80; l at $3.80
to $ 3 .9 0 ; 3at $3.90 to $ 4 .
W orkers w ere d istributed as fo llo w s: 4 at $2.30 to $ 2 .4 0 ;l at $ 2.4 0 to $2.50; 1 at $ 2.6 0 to $2.70; 10 at $2.80 to $2.90;1 at $2.90 to $ 3 ; 19at $3.30 to $3.40; lat $3.70
to $3.80; 1 at $3.80 to $3.90; 3 a t $3.90 to $ 4 .
T ransportation (excluding r a ilr o a d s ), com m u n ica tion , and other public u tilitie s.




1
1

B: Establishment Practices and , upplementary Wage Provisions
S
Table B-1: Shift Differential Provisions 1
P ercen t of m anufacturing plant w orkers—
(a)
In establishm en ts having
fo rm a l p ro vision s for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

(b)
Actu ally working on—

Third or other
shift work

Second shift

T h ird or other
shift

1 8 .5

5 .0

9 0 .0

8 6 .4

With shift pay d iffe r e n t ia l______________________________________

8 8 .8

86. 1

1 8 .3

5 .0

U n iform cents (per h o u r )___________________________________

6 1 .8

5 1 .7

1 0 .4

2 .8

Under 5 cents
____
......
5 c e n t s __ ___ ____ _____ ______ __ ______ ____ __ ________ ___
6 c e n t s _____________________________________________________
7 o r 7 ^ cents ____________________________________________
8 or 8*4 cents ____________________________________________
9 cents _____________________________________________________
________
_
___
______
10 c e n t s ___
O ver 10 and under 15 c e n t s _____________________________
15 c e n t s ____________________________________________________
O ver 15 c e n t s _____________________________________________

2 .7
9 .2
1 6 .8
1 1 .7
.9
1 .9
8. 1
3 .6
5. 1
1 .7

2 .4
.3
1 0 .0
1 .6
17. 1
1 2 .2
5 .6
.7
1 .9

.6
1 .0
1 .4
2 .5
. 1
.4
1 .2
.8
2 .2
.2

.2
A
.5
. 1
.9
.3
.4
.2

2 3 .7

2 3 .7

7 .2

1 .3

5 p e r c e n t _______________________ _________________________
7 o r 7 lh p e r c e n t__________________________________________
8 p e rcen t______________________________
________
9 p e r c e n t _____
__
__
_ _
10 p e r c e n t _________________
_______
____
15 p ercen t ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 5 .5
.6
.6
7 .0
"

.7
1 3 .5
1 .0
.6
7 .7
.2

4 .9
. 1
A

A
.4
. 1
.8
“

O th e r 2 ______________________________________ _________ _________

3 .3

1 0 .7

.6

.9

.3

.2

. 1

U n iform p e r c e n t a g e _________________________________________

No shift pay d iffe re n tia l_________________________________________

1. 1

I
I

2. 1

1 Shift differential data are presented in term s of (a) establishm ent p o licy , and (b) w ork ers actually em ployed on late
shifts at the tim e of the survey. An establishm ent w as con sidered as having a po licy if it m et either o f the following condi­
tions:
( l ) O perated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had form al p ro vision s covering late sh ifts.
2 Includes such provision s as full pay for reduced hours and full pay fo r reduced hours plus a cents
or percentage
differen tial.
A L e s s than 0. 05 percent.




Occupational W age Survey, B uffalo (E rie and N iagara C ounties), N . Y . , Septem ber 1954
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F LA BO R
Bureau of Labor S tatistics

1
2

Table B-2? M inim um Entrance Rates for W om en O ffice W o rke rs
N um ber of establishm en ts with specified m inim um hiring rate in—
Manufacturing
M inim um rate
(weekly salary)

Nonmanufacturing

A ll
schedules

E stablishm ents stu d ied____________________________

224

40

A ll
schedules

130

XXX

94

37^

XXX

124
9

6
25
12
22
11
20
5

87
3
18
8

18

75
2
16
6
15

A ll
schedules

40

XXX

224

37
9
3
7
4
4
2
3
3
-

11
2
3
2
1
1
-

2

2

8

5

17
5
5
1
3

16
5
3
1
3

Establish m ents having no specified
m in im u m ______________ ___________________________

39

18

XXX

21

XXX

Establishm ents which did not em ploy
w orkers in this c a te g o ry _________________________

59

24

XXX

35

XXX

2

1

XXX

1

Data not a v a ila b le -----------------------------------------------------

1

130

40

XXX

A ll
schedules

94

37

XXX

40

XXX

FO R OTHER INEXPERIEMICED C LE R IC A L W ORKER S

9

8

B ased on standard w eekly hours 2 of—

A ll
industries'

FOR. INEXPER IE1JCED TYPIST S

E stablishm ents having a specified
m in im u m ___________________________________________
$ 27. 50 and under $ 3 0 .0 0 __
_ _
$ 3 0 .0 0 and under $ 3 2 .5 0 _
$ 32. 50 and under $ 35. 0 0 ______________________
$ 35. 00 and under $ 37. 5 0 ______________________
$ 37. 50 and under $ 4 0 . 0 0 ______________________
$ 4 0 . 00 and under $ 4 2 . 5 0 ______________________
$ 4 2 .5 0 and under $ 4 5 . 0 0 ______________________
$ 4 5 . 00 and under $ 4 7 . 5 0 ______________________
$ 47. 50 and under $ 5 0 . 0 0 ______________________
$ 50. 00 and under $ 5 2 . 5 0 ______________________
$ 52. 50 and under $ 55. 0 0 ______________________
$ 5 5 . 00 and o v e r _________________________________

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

B ased on standard w eekly hours 2 of—

A ll
indu stries

Num ber of establishm en ts with sp ecified m inim um hiring rate in—

XXX

1

22
11
12
4
6
1

71
1
1
11
6
19
10
11
4
5
1

2

2

2

XXX

43

21

XXX

22

XXX

50

27

XXX
XXX

19
4
3
4
2
1
3
2
-

XXX

129
2
12

6
19
13
31
15
15
4
9

2

81
1
2
12
8

1

48
2
11
4
7
5
9

4
3
3
~

11
1
1
3
3
2
1
~

28
7
2
4
5
4
1
3
2
-

XXX

XXX

23

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

1 L ow est sa la ry rate fo rm a lly esta b lish ed fo r h iring in ex p erien ced w o rk e rs fo r typing o r other c le r ic a l jo b s .
2 H ours re fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich e m p loy ees r e c e iv e th eir reg u la r s tra igh t-tim e s a la r ie s .




Occupational Wage Survey, B uffalo (E rie and N iagara C ou n ties), N. Y . , S eptem ber 1954
U .S . DE PA RTM EN T OF L A BO R
B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tistics

Table B-3: Frequency of W a g e Payment
P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

Frequency of paym ent
A ll industries 3

A ll w orkers

________________________________________

W eekly ....................................................................................
Biw eekly
___________________________________________
S e m im o n th ly _______________________________________
M onthly ______________________________________________

P u blic u tilitie s *

M an u factu rin g

A ll industries 2

M anufacturing

P ublic utilities *

100

100

100

100

100

58
17

56
11

96
A

97

31

4

99
A
A

99

24

100

A

-

3

A

A

A

1 Includes data for w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real e state; and se rv ic e s in addition to those industry divisions shown sep arately.
2 Includes data for w holesale trad e , retail trad e, real estate, and se rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown sep arately.
A L e s s than 2. 5 percent.
* Transportation (excluding r a ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilities.

Table B-4:

Scheduled W eekly Hours1
3
2
P ERCENT OF P LA N T W ORKERS E M PLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF OFFICE W ORKERS1EM PLOYED IN —

W eekly hours

A ll w ork ers

-----------------------------------------------------------

Under 37
hours
_______ ______ ___________
3 7 1 hours
h
_______________ ____________________ _
O ver 37 lk and under 40 hours - ------------------40 h o u r s ------------------------------------- --------------------------O ver 40 and under 45 hours
_______________
45 hours
____________ _________________________
48 hours and over
_____________

1
2
3
A
*

All industries2

Manufacturing

100

100

5
19
4
71
A
A

A
8
7
83
A
_

Public utilities*

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities*

100

100

106

100

4

A
3
A
84
4
3
3

A
A
A
94
A
A
A

77

66
_

30
_
_

-

21

A

Data relate to w om en w ork e rs only.
Includes data for w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and re a l e sta te; and s e rv ic e s in addition to those industry divisions shown sep arately.
Includes data for w holesale tra d e , retail trad e, real estate, and s e rv ic e s in addition to those industry divisions shown sep arately.
L e s s than 2 . 5 percent.
T ransportation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Occupational Wage Survey, Buffalo (Erie and N iagara C ounties), N . Y . , Septem ber 1954
U .S . D E P A R TM E N T OF LA BO R
Bureau of Labor Statistics




14

Table B-5: Paid Holiday Provisions

i

PERCENT OP OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

Item
All industries 2

A ll w ork ers _____________ ________

___ ____

M
anufacturing

Public utilities *

All industries^

M
anufacturing

Public utilities *

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
54
24
4
A
3
12
A

99
63
33
4
A
-

99
20
3
17
23
37
-

96
A
66
23
4
A
A
A
-

98
64
30
4
A
-

99
45
3
10
18
23
-

A

A

A

4

A

A

53
24
25

62
26
30

82
41
37

77
17
57

87
17
67

64
31
33

3
A
-

5
A
-

4
-

A
A
A

3
A
A

A
-

5

A

A

11

3

6

42

38

16

9

8

29

97
94
3

97
94
3

99
97
-

95
91
4

98
93
5

99
97
-

A
-

-

A
-

A
A

-

A
-

A

A

-

A

A

77
52
19

85
53
26

97
66
3

85
27
52

88
22
61

99
46
32

6
A

7
-

6
A
A

6
-

21

-

28
A

11

10

A

Number o f paid holidays
W orkers in establishm ents providing paid
holidays ____________ _________________________
__ ____ ______ _________
L e ss than 6 days
6 d a y s ________________________________________
7 days ____________ __ ____ ___________ __
8 d a y s _________________________ ___
9 d a y s __ _______________ ______ ___ ____ ______
10 days __________________________________ —
11 days ________________ ______________________
12 d a y s ____ _________________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing no paid
holidays
__ ____
__
____ __ __
P ro v isio n s for holidays o cc u rrin g
on nonw ork days 1
4
3
2
With p ro v ision s for holidays falling on
Saturday _
____
___
_
_________
Another day o ff with pay ___________________
Extra d a y's pay
_________ ________ __ __
Option o f another day o ff o r extra
d ay's pay __________________________________
P ro v isio n s d iffer fo r va riou s h o lid a y s ____
Other p ro v is ion s ___________________________
Saturday is a scheduled w orkday for all
w ork ers _ ____ ____ ________ ____ _____________
No p rov ision s (or no pay) for holidays
falling on Saturday _____________ ___ ___ __ __
With p rov ision s fo r holidays falling on
Sunday _ ----------------- --------------------------------- —
Another day o ff with pay _
________ __ __
Extra d a y's pay ____________________________
Option o f another day o ff or extra
day's pay
___ r
______ ..„_„_____ . .
r
.
___ r
P ro v isio n s d iffer for va riou s h o lid a y s ____
Other p ro v is ion s ____________________________
No p ro v isio n s (or no pay) fo r holidays
falling on Sunday _
__ __ ________ _______
With p rov ision s fo r holidays falling
during v a c a t i o n __ __
_
Another day o ff with pay
____ _ __ ____
E xtra d a y's pay
.
___ __ _
_
Option o f another day o ff o r extra
d ay's pay
__
P ro v isio n s d iffer for va riou s h o lid a y s ____
Other p ro v ision s
No p rov ision s (or no pay) for holidays
falling during vacation
..........................

22

-

15

-

1 E stim ates include only fu ll-d a y holidays p rov id ed annually.
2 Includes data for w h olesa le tra d e; reta il tra d e; finance, in su ra n ce, and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sep a ra te ly .
3 Includes data for w h olesale tra d e, reta il tra d e, rea l estate, and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown separately.
4 L im ited to p rov is ion s in establishm ents having a form a l p o lic y applying when holidays o cc u r on nonw ork d ays; som e o f the estim ates would be slig h tly higher if p r a c t ic e s determ in ed in fo rm a lly
as the situation o c c u r s w ere included.
A L e s s than 2 .5 p ercen t.
O ccupational Wage Survey, Buffalo (E rie and N iagara C ou n ties), N. Y . , Septem ber 1954
* T ransp ortation (excluding r a ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
U .S . D E PA RTM EN T O F LABO R
B ureau o f L a b or S tatistics




15

Table B-6:

Pqid V acation s

P E R C E N T O F O F F IC E W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

P E R C E N T O F P L A N T W O R K E R S E M P L O Y E D IN —

V acation p o lic y
A ll industries 1

A ll w o r k e rs _____________________________

__

M an u factu rin g

P u blic utilities *

A ll industries 2

M anufacturing

P u blic utilities *

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99

_

100
99

100
100

100
91
9

100
87
12

100
99

M ETHOD OF PA YM E N T
W ork ers in esta b lish m en ts
p rov id in g paid v a c a t io n s ___ _ ______ _ _ _
L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t ___________________ _
P e rcen ta g e paym ent ____________________
F lat-sxim paym ent -----------------------------------------------------------_____________
O th e r ---------------------------------------- ------- _ _

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A

A

•

A

A

A

22
A
77

19

-

-

AMOUNT OF VACATION PA Y
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
_

Under 1 w eek ____________________________________________________
1 w eek ____ ________ _ _ _
________ ______ _____
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ________________________________
2 w eeks _______________________ _ _ _________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________________ —

A

81

30
3
67

82
4
14

-

-

A

-

_

85
4
11
A

_

51
5
44
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

_

Under 1 w eek
__________ ____
_____
_
_
_
1 w eek
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks
____
2 w eeks
__ __ __________________ _ ________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks _____________________
3 w eeks
_____________ ____
_ ____ _____

11
A
87
A
A

_
12
A
88

_

-

_

A

A

49
18
31
A
A

6

91
A

_

52
21
27
A

-

11
40
48
A

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek
____ _ _ _ _ _
1 w eek __ __________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w eeks
___
_ _
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks __
3 w eeks
_ _______
„
__

_

3
A
94
A
A

4
A
95

A
3
95

-

A

A

A

_

_

_

95
A
3
A

98

_

A
24
16
57
A
A

27
18
55
A

A
35
63

_

A

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
Ovbr 1 and under 2 w eek s _
2 w e e k s __ __
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w eeks
___________
____ •
4 w eeks and o v e r

_

A

_

98
A
A

A
A
91
3
4
A

'

See footnotes at end o f ta b le.
* T ra n sp ortation (exclu din g r a ilr o a d s ), com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.




NOTE:

A
A
95
3
A

„
_

94
4
A
'

O ccupational Wage S urvey, B uffalo (E rie and N iagara C ou n ties), N. Y. , Septem ber 1954
U. S. DEPARTM EN T OF LABOR
Bureau o f L a b or Statistics

In the tabulations o f vacation a llow an ces by y e a rs o f s e r v ic e , paym ents other than "length o f t im e " ,
such as p ercentage o f annual earnings o r fla t-s u m p aym ents, w e re con verted to an equivalent tim e
b a s is; fo r exam ple, a paym ent o f 2 p e rce n t o f annual earnings was co n sid e re d as 1 w e e k 's pay.

1
6

Table B-6

Paid Vacations - Continued

PERCENT OF OFFICE WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

V acation p o lic y

A ll w ork ers

------------------------------------------------------

All industries1

M
anufacturing

|

Public utilities*

PERCENT OF PLANT WORKERS EMPLOYED IN—

All industries*

M
anufacturing

Public utilities *

100

100

100

100

100

100

A
_
77
3
19
A

A
_
78
3
18

_
93
A
6
”

A
A
77
7
14
A

A
A
78
9
11

75
4
20

A
A
16

A
A
10

AMOUNT OF VACATION P A Y - Continued
A fte r 10 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 week
_
_
_
___ ___ ___
O ver i and under 2 w eeks ._
2 weeks ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ____________________
3 weeks ______ __ ___ ___ _____________
4 w eeks and o v e r -------------------------------------------------

_

'
A fter 15 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 week ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ______________________
2 weeks ____ ______________________ ___________ ___
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
----------------------------3 weeks _____________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks --------------------------- 4 weeks and o v e r ________________________________

A
22
A
76

A
12

_

88

16
83

A
A

-

A

A

A

A

_
9

A

A

-

80

88

86

A
A

A

4

A
A

A
A

A fte r 20 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________________________________________ ___
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ---------------------------------2 weeks ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ____________ ______
3 weeks ________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks ______________________
4 weeks and o v e r ____________________________ —

20

9

A

A

78

87

_
9
86

~

A
4

A
A

4
“

_

A

A

_

A
14
A
69
A
14

A
7
A
75
A
15

14
.
85

A

A

76
A

90
-

4

A

A

A

-

-

-

17
A
63
A
20

8
A
77

14

A

15

8

A fte r 25 y ea rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks __________________- _
_
2 weeks __________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks ____________________
3 weeks __________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ______________________
4 weeks and o v e r ________________________________

-

14

_

85
A

^ Includes data fo r w h olesa le trad e; reta il tra d e; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and re a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown se p a ra te ly .
Includes data fo r w h olesa le tra d e, reta il tra d e, rea l esta te, and s e r v ic e s in addition to those industry d ivision s shown separately.
A L e s s than 2. 5 p ercen t.
* T ransp ortation (excluding ra ilro a d s ), com m unication, and other p ublic u tilitie s.




-

9
-

86
4

17

APPEN D IX:

JOB

D ESCRIPTIO N S

The p r im a r y p u rp ose o f p re p a rin g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u reau ’ s w age su rv e y s is to
a s s is t its fie ld staff in cla ss ify in g into a p p rop ria te occu p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e em p lo y e d under
a v a rie ty o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe re n t w ork a rra n gem en ts fr o m estab lish m en t to estab lish m en t
and fr o m a rea to a re a .
T h is is e s se n tia l in o r d e r to p e rm it the grouping o f o ccu p a tion a l wage
ra te s rep resen tin g com p a ra b le jo b con tent.
B e ca u se o f th is e m p h a sis on inter estab lish m en t and
in te ra re a com p a ra b ility of o ccu p a tion a l con tent, the B u rea u 1s jo b d e s c rip tio n s m ay d iffe r s ig n ifi­
can tly fr o m th ose in use in individual e sta b lish m e n ts o r th ose p re p a r e d f o r oth er p u r p o s e s .
In
applyin g th ese jo b d e s c rip tio n s , the B u reau ’ s fie ld re p r e se n ta tiv e s a r e in stru cte d to exclu d e w o r k ­
ing s u p e r v is o r s , a p p re n tice s, le a r n e r s , b e g in n e rs, tr a in e e s , handicapped w o r k e r s , p a r t-t im e ,
te m p o r a r y , and p rob ation ary w o r k e r s .

O ffice
B IL L E R ,

MACHINE

P r e p a r e s sta tem en ts, b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m ach ine oth er
than an ord in a ry o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w rite r. May a ls o keep r e c o r d s
a s to b illin g s o r shipping ch a r g e s o r p e r fo r m other c le r ic a l w ork in ­
cid en tal to b illin g o p e r a tio n s .
F o r wage study p u r p o s e s , b ille r s ,
m a ch in e, a re c la s s if ie d by type o f m ach ine, as fo llo w s :
B ille r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e) - U ses a sp e c ia l b illin g
m a ch in e (M oon H opkins, E lliott F is h e r , B u rrou g h s, e t c . , w hich
a re com b in a tion typing and adding m a ch in es) to p re p a r e b ills and
in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ’ p u rch a se o r d e r s , in tern a lly p re p a r e d
o r d e r s , shipping m em ora n d a , e tc .
U sually in v o lv e s ap p lica tion
o f p re d e te rm in e d d iscou n ts and shipping ch a rg e s and entry o f
n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m ay o r m ay not be com pu ted on the
b illin g m a ch in e, and tota ls which a re a u tom atica lly accu m u lated
b y m a ch in e.
The o p e ra tio n u sually in v olv e s a la r g e num ber o f
ca rb o n c o p ie s o f the b ill bein g p re p a re d and is often done on a
fa n fold m a ch in e.
B ille r , m a ch in e (bookkeeping m a ch in e) - U ses a bookkeepin g
m ach in e (Sundstrand, E llio tt F is h e r , R em ington Rand, e tc ., w hich
m ay o r m ay not have ty p e w r ite r k eyb oard ) to p re p a re c u s to m e r s ’
b ills a s p a rt o f the a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p era tion .
G en erally
in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eou s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ’ le d g e r
record .
The m a ch in e a u tom atica lly a ccu m u lates fig u r e s on a
n u m ber o f v e r t ic a l colu m n s and com pu tes and u sually p rin ts auto­
m a tic a lly the d ebit o r c r e d it b a la n ce s . D oes not in v olv e a k n ow l­
edge o f b ook k eep in g . W ork s fr o m u n iform and standard typ es o f
s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K EE PIN G -M AC H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a b ook k eep in g m achine (Rem ington Rand, E llio tt
F is h e r , Sundstrand, B u rro u g h s, N ational C ash R e g is te r , with o r w ith­
out a ty p e w rite r k e y b o a r d ) to keep a r e c o r d o f b u sin ess tr a n s a ctio n s .



BOOKK EEPIN G -M ACH IN E O P E R A TO R - C ontinued
C la s s A - K eeps a set o f r e c o r d s req u irin g a know ledge of
and e x p e rie n ce in b a s ic bookk eepin g p r in c ip le s and fa m ilia rity with
the stru ctu re o f the p a r tic u la r a ccou n tin g system u sed .
D e te r ­
m in es p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d istrib u tio n o f debit and cr e d it item s
to be u sed in e a ch phase o f the w o rk . May p re p a r e co n so lid a te d
r e p o r ts , balan ce sh eets, and oth er r e c o r d s by hand.
C la s s B - K eep s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h ases o r s e ctio n s
o f a set o f r e c o r d s u sually req u irin g little know ledge o f b a s ic b o o k ­
keepin g.
P h a se s o r s e ctio n s inclu de a ccou n ts p aya b le, p a y r o ll,
c u s to m e r s ’ a cco u n ts (not including a sim p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
under b ille r , m a ch in e), c o s t d istrib u tion , expen se d istrib u tion , in ­
ven tory c o n tr o l, e tc . M ay ch e ck o r a s s is t in p rep aration o f tr ia l
b a la n ce s and p r e p a r e co n tro l sheets fo r the accounting departm ent.
C L E R K , ACCOUNTING
C la s s A - Under ge n e ra l d ir e ctio n o f a b ook k eep er o r a cco u n t­
ant, has r e s p o n s ib ility fo r k eepin g one o r m o r e section s o f a c o m ­
p le te set o f b ook s o r r e c o r d s rela tin g to one phase o f an e s ta b lis h ­
m en t’ s b u sin e ss tr a n s a ctio n s . W ork in v o lv e s postin g and balancing
su b sid ia ry le d g e r o r le d g e r s such as a ccou n ts re c e iv a b le o r a c ­
counts p a y a b le; exam ining and cod in g in v o ic e s o r v ou ch ers with
p r o p e r a ccou n tin g d istrib u tion ; re q u ir e s judgm ent and e x p e rie n ce
in m aking p r o p e r a ssig n a tion s and a llo ca tio n s .
May a s s is t in
p re p a rin g , a dju stin g, and c lo s in g jo u rn a l e n trie s ; m ay d ir e ct c la s s
B accou n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B - Under s u p e rv isio n , p e r fo r m s one or m o re routine
a ccou n tin g o p e ra tio n s such as p ostin g sim p le jou rn a l v o u ch e rs,
a ccou n ts payable v o u ch e rs , en terin g v o u ch e rs in vou ch er r e g is te r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a cco u n ts; p ostin g su b sid ia ry le d g e r s co n tro lle d
by gen eral le d g e r s .
T h is jo b d o e s not re q u ire a know ledge of
a ccou n tin g and bookk eepin g p r in c ip le s but is found in o ffic e s in
w hich the m o r e routine a ccou n tin g w ork is subdivided on a fu n c­
tion al b a s is am ong s e v e ra l w o r k e r s .

18

C L E R K , F IL E
C la s s A - R e sp o n sib le fo r m aintaining an esta b lish e d filin g
sy ste m . C la s s ifie s and in d exes co r re s p o n d e n ce o r other m a te ria l;
m ay a ls o file this m a te ria l.
May keep r e c o r d s o f va rio u s types
in con ju n ction with file s or s u p e rv is e oth ers in filin g and loca tin g
m a teria l in the file s .
May p e r fo r m in cid en tal c l e r i c a l d uties.
C la s s B - P e r fo r m s routine filin g , usually o f m a te ria l that
has a lrea d y b een c la s s ifie d , o r lo ca te s o r a s s is ts in lo ca tin g m a ­
te ria l in the file s . May p e r fo r m in cid en tal c l e r i c a l du ties.
C L E R K , ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s 1 o r d e r s fo r m a te ria l o r m erch a n d ise b y
m a il, phone, o r p e rs o n a lly .
D uties in v olv e any com bin ation o f the
fo llow in g : Quoting p r ic e s to c u s to m e r s ; m aking out an o r d e r sheet
listin g the item s to m ake up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and quantities
o f item s on o r d e r sh eet; d istrib u tin g o r d e r sheets to r e s p e c tiv e d e ­
partm ents to be fille d .
May ch e ck with cr e d it departm ent to d e te r ­
m ine c r e d it rating of cu s to m e r , acknow ledge re c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m
cu s to m e r s , fo llo w up o rd e r s to see that they have b een fille d , keep
file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch e ck shipping in v o ic e s with o rig in a l
ord ers.
CLERK, PA Y R O LL
C om putes w ages o f com pan y e m p loy ees and en ters the n e c e s ­
sa ry data on the p a y ro ll sh eets. Duties in v olv e: C alcu latin g w o r k e r s 1
earnings b a sed on tim e o r p rod u ction r e c o r d s ; p ostin g ca lcu la te d data
on p a yroll sheet, showing in form a tion su ch as w orker*s n am e, w orking
days, tim e, ra te, dedu ction s fo r in su ra n ce, and total w ages due. May
make out pay ch eck s and a s s is t p aym aster in m aking up and d is t r i­
buting pay e n v elop es.
May use a ca lcu la tin g m ach ine.

K E Y -P U N C H O P E R A TO R
Under gen eral s u p e rv is io n and w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b ilitie s , r e c o r d s accounting and s ta tis tic a l data on tabulating ca rd s
by punching a s e r ie s o f h oles in the c a rd s in a s p e c ifie d seq u en ce,
using an alphabetical o r a n u m e r ic a l k e y -p u n ch m a ch in e, follow in g
w ritten in form ation on r e c o r d s .
M ay d u p licate ca r d s b y using the
duplicatin g d e v ice attached to m a ch in e.
K eep s file s o f punch c a r d s .
May v e r ify own w ork o r w ork o f o th e rs .
O F FIC E BOY OR GIRL
P e r fo r m s variou s rou tin e d uties su ch as running e rr a n d s ,
op eratin g m in or o ffic e m a ch in es su ch as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening
and distributin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c l e r i c a l w ork .
SE C R E T A R Y
P e r fo r m s s e c r e ta r ia l and c l e r i c a l duties fo r a s u p e r io r in an
adm in istrative o r execu tive p o sitio n .
D uties in clu d e m aking appoin t­
m ents fo r su p e r io r ; re c e iv in g p eop le co m in g into o ffic e ; an sw erin g
and m aking phone c a lls ; handling p e rs o n a l and im portan t o r c o n fi­
dential m a il, and w riting rou tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on own in itia tive;
taking dictation (w here tr a n s cr ib in g m a ch in e is n ot used) eith er in
shorthand or by stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e , and tr a n s cr ib in g d ic ta ­
tion o r the r e c o rd e d in form a tion re p r o d u c e d on a tr a n s cr ib in g m a ch in e.
May p re p a re s p e cia l re p o rts o r m e m o ra n d a f o r in fo rm a tio n o f s u p e r io r .
STEN OGRAPH ER,

GEN ERAL

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tio n fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
either in shorthand or b y sten otype o r s im ila r m a ch in e, in v olv in g a
n o rm a l routine v o ca b u la ry , and to tr a n s c r ib e this d icta tion on a ty p e ­
w r ite r .
May a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y .
M ay a ls o set up and keep
file s in o r d e r , keep sim p le r e c o r d s , e tc .
D oes not inclu de tra n ­
scrib in g -m a ch in e w ork (se e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r ).

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

S TEN OGRAPH ER,

TEC HNIC A L

P r im a r y duty is to op era te a C om p tom ete r to p e r fo r m m ath e­
m a tical com pu tation s.
This job is not to be con fu sed with that of
sta tistica l or other type o f c le r k , w hich m ay in volve frequen t use o f
a C om p tom eter but, in w hich, use o f this m achine is inciden tal to
p e rfo rm a n ce o f oth er duties.

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tio n fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s ,
eith er in shorthand o r by stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e, in v olv in g a
v a rie d tech n ical o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry su ch as in le g a l b r ie fs o r
re p o r ts on s cie n tific r e s e a r c h and to tr a n s c r ib e this d ictation on a
ty p e w rite r. May a lso type fr o m w ritten c o p y . M ay a ls o set up and
keep file s in o r d e r , keep s im p le r e c o r d s , e tc .
D oes not inclu d e
tra n s crib in g -m a ch in e w ork.

DU PLICATIN G -M ACH IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM EOGRAPH OR DITTO)
SW ITCHBOARD O P E R A TO R
Under gen era l s u p e rv is io n and with no s u p e r v is o r y re s p o n ­
s ib ilitie s , rep ro d u ce s m u ltiple co p ie s o f typew ritten o r handwriting
m a tter, using a m im eog ra p h o r ditto m a ch in e.
Makes n e c e s s a r y ad ­
justm ent such as fo r ink and paper feed cou n ter and cy lin d e r speed .
Is not re q u ired to p rep a re ste n cil o r ditto m a ste r.
May keep file o f
used sten cils or ditto m a s te r s .
May s o r t, c o lla te , and staple c o m ­
pleted m a teria l.



O perates a sin g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n teleph on e sw itch b oa rd .
D uties involve handling in co m in g , ou tgoin g, and intraplant o r o ffic e
c a lls .
May r e c o r d toll c a lls and take m e s s a g e s .
M ay give in fo r ­
m ation to person s who ca ll in , o r o c c a s io n a lly take telephone o r d e r s .
F o r w o rk e rs who a ls o act as r e c e p tio n is ts s e e sw itch b oa rd o p e r a to r re c e p tio n ist.

19

TRANSCRIBIN G-M ACHINE O P E R A T O R ,

SW ITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
tion
type
This
tim e

In a ddition to p e r fo r m in g duties of o p e ra to r, on a sin gle p o s i­
o r m o n ito r-ty p e sw itch b o a rd , acts as re ce p tio n ist and m ay a ls o
o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c l e r i c a l w ork as part o f re g u la r d u tie s.
typing o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y take the m a jo r part o f this w o r k e r ^
w h ile at sw itch b oa rd .

TAB U LA TIN G - MAC HINE O P E R A T O R
O p era tes m a ch in e that au tom atica lly analyzes and tra n sla tes
in fo rm a tio n punched in grou p s o f tabulating ca rd s and p rints tr a n s ­
la te d data on fo r m s o r accou n tin g r e c o r d s ; sets o r adjusts m ach ine;
d oes sim p le w irin g o f p lu gb oard s a cco r d in g to e sta b lish e d p r a c tic e
o r d ia g ra m s ; p la ce s ca r d s to be tabulated in fee d m agazin e and starts
m a ch in e.
M ay file ca r d s a fte r they a re tabulated.
May, in addition,
o p e ra te a u x ilia ry m a ch in es.
TR A N SCR IB IN G -M A C HINE O P E R A T O R ,

in clu d ed.
A w o r k e r who takes d ictation in shorthand o r by stenotype
o r s im ila r m achine is c la s s ifie d as a sten ogra p h er, gen eral.
TY PIST
U ses a ty p e w rite r to m ake co p ie s o f va riou s m a terial o r to
m ake out b ills a fte r ca lcu la tio n s have b een m ade by another p erson .
M ay do c l e r i c a l w ork in volvin g little s p e c ia l train in g, such as k e e p ­
ing sim p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and re p o rts o r sortin g and d is t r ib ­
uting in com in g m a il.
C la s s A - P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the follow in g: Typing
m a te ria l in final fo r m fr o m v e r y rough and involved draft; c o p y ­
ing fr o m plain or c o r r e c t e d co p y in w hich th ere is a frequent
and v a rie d use o f te ch n ica l and unusual w ord s o r fr o m fo r e ig n language co p y ; com bin in g m a te ria l fr o m s e v e ra l s o u r c e s , o r
planning layout o f co m p lic a te d s ta tis tica l tables to m aintain uni­
fo r m ity and balan ce in sp a cin g; typing tables fr o m rough draft in
final fo r m .
May type routine fo r m le tte r s , varying details to
suit c ir c u m s ta n c e s .

GENERAL

P r im a r y duty is to tr a n s c r ib e dictation in volvin g a n o rm a l
rou tin e v o c a b u la ry f r o m tra n s cr ib in g m ach ine r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o
type fr o m w ritten c o p y and d o sim p le c le r ic a l w ork.
W o rk e rs tra n ­
s cr ib in g d icta tion in v olv in g a v a rie d te c h n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d voca b u ­
la r y su ch as le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts on s cie n tific r e s e a r c h a re not

P rofessional

D R A FT SM A N ,

JUNIOR

(A ssista n t draftsm an )
D raw s to s c a le units o r parts o f draw ings p re p a re d b y d r a fts ­
m an o r o th ers fo r e n g in e e rin g , co n stru ctio n , o r m anufacturing p u r­
p oses.
U ses v a rio u s types o f draftin g tools as re q u ire d . May p r e ­
p are draw in gs fr o m s im p le plans o r sk etch es, o r p e r fo r m oth er duties
under d ir e c tio n o f a d ra ftsm a n .
D R A FT SM A N ,

LEADER

P lan s and d ir e c ts a c tiv itie s o f one o r m o re d ra ftsm en in
p re p a ra tio n o f w ork in g plans and detail draw ings fr o m rough o r p r e ­
lim in a r y sk etch es fo r e n g in eerin g , co n stru ctio n , o r m anufacturing
p u r p o s e s . D uties in v olv e a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : In terpretin g
b lu e p rin ts, s k e tch e s , and w ritten o r v erb a l o r d e r s ; d eterm in in g w ork
p r o c e d u r e s ; a ssig n in g duties to su bordin ates and in sp ectin g th eir w ork;
p e rfo rm in g m o r e d ifficu lt p r o b le m s . May a s s is t su bordin ates during



GENERAL, - Continued

C la s s B - P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the follow in g: Typing
fr o m re la tiv e ly c le a r o r typed d ra fts ; routine typing o f fo r m s ,
in su ra n ce p o lic ie s , e tc . ; setting up sim p le standard tabulations, o r
cop yin g m o r e co m p le x ta b les a lre a d y set up and spaced p ro p e rly .

and

Technical

D R A FT SM A N , L E A D E R - C ontinued
e m e r g e n cie s o r as a re g u la r assig n m en t,
o f a s u p e r v is o r y o r a d m in istrative nature.

o r p e r fo r m rela ted duties

D R A FT SM A N , SENIOR
P r e p a r e s w orkin g plans and detail draw ings fr o m n otes,
rough o r d etailed sketch es fo r e n gin eerin g , co n stru ctio n , o r m anu­
factu rin g p u rp o se s .
D uties in v olv e a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g :
P re p a rin g w orkin g plan s, detail d ra w in g s, m a ps, c r o s s - s e c t i o n s , e t c .,
to s ca le by use o f drafting in stru m en ts; m aking en gin eering com pu ta ­
tions such as th ose in v olv ed in strength o f m a te ria ls , beam s and
tr u s s e s ; v e rify in g co m p le te d w ork , ch eck in g d im en sion s, m a teria ls
to b e used, and quan tities; w ritin g s p e c ific a tio n s ; making adjustm ents
o r changes in draw ings o r s p e c ific a tio n s . May ink in lin es and le tte rs
on p e n cil d ra w in g s, p re p a re d etail units o f com p lete draw in gs, o r
tr a c e d ra w in gs.
W ork is freq u en tly in a s p e c ia liz e d fie ld such as
a rch ite ctu ra l, e le c t r ic a l, m e ch a n ica l, o r stru ctu ra l drafting.

20

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL, (R E G ISTE R ED )

NURSE,

A r e g is te r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e to ill o r in ju red
e m p loy ees or other p e rs o n s who b e co m e ill o r su ffer an a ccid en t on
the p r e m is e s o f a fa c to r y o r oth er estab lish m en t.
D uties in volve a
com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : G iving fir s t aid to the ill o r in ju red ;
attendingto subsequent d re s sin g o f e m p lo y e e s 1 in ju rie s ; keeping r e c o r d s
o f patients trea ted ; p rep a rin g a ccid en t r e p o r ts fo r com p en sa tion o r
other p u rp oses; conducting p h y sica l exam inations and health evaluations
o f applicants and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a rr y in g out p ro g ra m s
involving health education , a ccid e n t p reven tion , evalu ation o f plant

environ m en t, o r other a ctiv itie s
safety o f all p e rso n n e l.

Maint enanc e

C A R P E N TE R ,

M AINTENANCE

P e r fo r m s the ca rp e n try duties n e c e s s a r y to co n stru ct and
m aintain in g ood re p a ir building w ood w ork and equipm ent such as b in s,
c r ib s , co u n ters, b e n ch e s, p a rtition s, d o o r s , flo o r s , s ta ir s , ca s in g s ,
and tr im m ade o f w ood in an estab lish m en t.
W ork in v olv es m o st o f
the fo llo w in g : Planning and layin g out o f w ork fr o m b lu ep rin ts, d ra w ings, m o d e ls , or v e r b a l in stru ctio n s; using a v a rie ty o f c a rp e n te rf s
handtools, p orta ble p ow er to o ls , and standard m ea su rin g in stru m en ts;
making standard shop com pu tation s rela tin g to d im en sion s o f w ork;
selectin g m a te ria ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk .
In g e n e ra l, the w ork o f
the m aintenance ca rp en ter re q u ir e s rounded train in g and e x p e rie n ce
usually a cq u ire d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equivalent tr a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e .

E LE C TR IC IA N , M AINTENANCE
P e r fo r m s a v a rie ty o f e le c t r ic a l trad e fun ctions such as the
installation , m ain ten ance, o r re p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the gen eratin g,
d istrib u tion , or u tiliza tion o f e le c t r ic en erg y in an estab lish m en t.
W ork in v olv es m ost o f the follow in g : Installing o r re p a irin g any o f
a va rie ty o f e le c t r ic a l equipm ent such as g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s ,
sw itch boa rd s, c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to r s , heating units,
conduit s y s te m s , o r oth er tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent; w orkin g fr o m b lu e ­
p rin ts, d raw in gs, layou t, o r oth er s p e c ific a tio n s ; lo ca tin g and d ia g ­
nosing trou b le in the e le c t r ic a l sy s te m o r equipm ent; w orkin g standard
com putations rela tin g to load req u irem en ts o f w irin g o r e le c t r ic a l
equipm ent; using a v a rie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n ^ handtools and m ea su rin g
and testing in stru m en ts.
In g e n e ra l, the w ork o f the m aintenance
e le c tr ic ia n re q u ir e s rou n ded train in g and e x p e rie n ce u sually a c ­
qu ired through a fo rm a l a p p ren ticesh ip or equivalent train in g and
e x p e rie n ce .



INDUSTRIAL (R E G ISTE R E D ) - C ontinued
a ffe ctin g

the

health, w e lfa r e ,

and

TRACER
C opies
tra cin g cloth o r
U ses T -s q u a r e ,
s im p le draw ings

nd

plans and d ra w in gs p re p a r e d by o th e r s , by p la cin g
paper o v e r draw in g and tr a c in g with pen o r p e n c il.
co m p a s s , and oth er d ra ftin g t o o ls .
M ay
p re p a r e
and do sim p le le tte rin g .

Powerplant

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e ra tio n
o f station ary engines and equipm ent (m e ch a n ica l o r e le c t r ic a l) to sup­
ply the establish m en t in w hich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r, heat, r e f r ig e r a ­
tion , o r a ir-co n d itio n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s: O p eratin g and m aintaining
equipm ent such as steam e n g in es, a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s , m o ­
t o r s , tu rb in es, ventilating and r e fr ig e r a t in g equipm en t, ste a m b o ile r s
and b o ile r - fe d w ater pum ps; m aking equipm ent r e p a ir s ; keeping a
r e c o r d o f operation o f m a ch in e ry , te m p e ra tu re , and fu el co n s u m p ­
tion . M ay a lso su p ervise th ese o p e ra tio n s . Head o r c h ie f e n g in e e rs
in estab lish m en ts em ployin g m o r e than one e n gin eer a re e xclu d ed .
FIRE M AN , STATIONARY B O IL E R
F ir e s station ary b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e sta b lish m en t in w h ich
e m p loy ed with heat, p o w e r, o r stea m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e by hand
o r o p e ra te s a m ech a n ica l s to k e r, g a s , o r o il b u rn e r; ch e ck s w ater
and safety v a lv e s .
M ay cle a n , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a ir in g b o il e r ro o m equipm ent.
H ELPER,

TRADES, M AIN TEN AN CE

A s s is ts one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the sk ille d m ain ten ance
tr a d e s , by p e rfo rm in g s p e c ific o r g e n e ra l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, such
as keeping a w ork er supplied w ith m a te r ia ls and t o o ls ; clea n in g w o r k ­
ing a re a , m ach ine, and equipm ent; a s s is tin g w o r k e r by h olding m a ­
t e r ia ls o r to o ls ; p e rfo rm in g oth er u n sk ille d ta sk s as d ir e c te d by jo u r ­
neym an. The kind o f w o rk the h e lp e r is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s
fr o m trade to trad e; In som e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is co n fin e d to sup­
p lyin g, liftin g, and holding m a te r ia ls and t o o ls and clea n in g w orkin g
a re a s ; and in oth ers he is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e
o p e ra tio n s, o r p arts o f a tra d e that a r e a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s
on a fu ll-tim e b a s is .

21

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c ia liz e s in the op era tion o f one o r m o r e typ es o f m ach ine
t o o ls , su ch as jig b o r e r s , c y lin d r ic a l o r su rfa ce g r in d e r s , engine
la th e s , o r m illin g m a ch in es in the con stru ction o f m a ch in e -s h o p tools,
g a u g e s, ji g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W ork in v olv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and p e r fo r m in g d ifficu lt m achining op e ra tio n s; p r o c e s s in g
ite m s re q u irin g c o m p lic a te d setups o r a high d e g re e o f a ccu r a c y :
u sing a v a r ie ty o f p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts; s e le ctin g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , toolin g and o p e ra tio n sequ en ce; m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju st­
m en ts during op e ra tio n to a ch ie v e req u isite to le ra n ce s o r d im e n sio n s.
M ay be re q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls need d re s sin g , to d r e s s t o o ls ,
and to s e le c t p r o p e r co o la n ts and cutting and lu b rica tin g o ils .
For
c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , m a ch in e -to o l o p e r a to r s , to o lr o o m ,
in to o l and die job b in g sh ops a re exclu d ed fro m this c la s s ific a tio n .

M ECH AN IC, MAINTENANCE
R e p a irs m a ch in e ry o r m e ch a n ica l equipm ent o f an e s ta b lish ­
m ent.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Exam ining m achines
and m e ch a n ica l equipm ent to diagn ose s o u rce o f trou b le; dism antling
o r p a rtly dism antling m a ch in es and p e rfo rm in g re p a irs that m ainly
in volve the use o f handtools in scra p in g and fitting p a rts; rep lacin g
b rok en o r d e fe ctiv e p a rts with ite m s obtain ed fr o m stock ; ord erin g the
p ro d u ctio n o f a re p la ce m e n t p a rt b y a m ach ine shop o r sending o f
the m a ch in e to a m ach in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; prep arin g w ritten
s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r re p a ir s o r fo r the p rod u ction o f parts o rd e r e d
fr o m m a ch in e shop; re a s se m b lin g m a ch in e s; and m aking a ll n e ce s s a r y
adju stm en ts fo r op era tion .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m aintenance
m e ch a n ic re q u ir e s rounded train in g and e x p e rie n ce usually a cq u ired
through a fo rm a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equivalent train in g and e x p e rie n ce .
E xclu d ed fr o m this c la s s ific a tio n a re w o r k e r s w h ose p rim a r y duties
in volve setting up o r adjusting m a ch in e s.

M ACH IN IST, M A IN TEN AN CE
M ILLW RIGH T
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new parts in m aking re p a ir s
o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent op era ted in an estab lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting w ritten in s tr u c ­
tion s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and laying out o f w o rk ; u sing a v a ­
r ie ty o f m a c h in is t^ h an d tools and p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts;
setting up and op era tin g stan dard m ach ine to o ls; shaping o f m eta l
p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking standard shop com putations r e la t­
ing to d im en sion s o f w o r k , to o lin g , feed s and speeds o f m ach inin g;
k n ow ledge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r tie s o f the com m on m e ta ls ; se le ctin g
stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and equipm ent re q u ire d fo r h is w o rk ; fitting
and a ss e m b lin g p a rts into m e ch a n ica l equipm ent.
In g e n e r a l, the
m a c h in is t s w ork n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded training in m a ch in e shop p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo rm a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r
eq uivalen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

In stalls new m a ch in es o r h eavy equipm ent and dism antles and
in sta lls m a ch in es o r h eavy equipm ent when changes in the plant la y ­
out a re re q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the follow in g : Planning and
laying out o f the w o rk ; in terp retin g b lu ep rin ts o r oth er s p e cifica tio n s ;
using a v a rie ty o f h andtools and rig g in g ; m aking standard shop c o m ­
putations rela tin g to s t r e s s e s , strength o f m a te r ia ls , and cen ters o f
gra v ity ; alining and balan cin g o f equipm ent; s e le ctin g standard to o ls ,
equipm ent, and p a rts to be u sed ; in sta llin g and m aintaining in good
o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent such as d riv e s and speed r e ­
d u c e rs . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t^ w o rk n o rm a lly re q u ire s a rounded
train in g and e x p e rie n ce in the trad e a cq u ire d through a fo rm a l appren­
tice s h ip o r equivalent train in g and e x p e rie n ce .
OILER

M E C H AN IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M AINTENANCE)
R e p a irs a u to m o b ile s , b u s s e s , m o to r tru c k s , and t r a c to r s o f
an esta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam ining
a u tom otiv e equipm ent to d ia gn ose s o u rce o f tro u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g
equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in volve the u se o f such handto o ls a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i ll s , o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is ­
a ss e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r ts ; re p la cin g b rok en o r d efectiv e p a rts fr o m
sto ck ; grin d in g and a dju stin g v a lv e s ; re a ssem b lin g and in sta llin g the
v a rio u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts;
alining w h e e ls , a dju stin g b ra k e s and lig h ts, o r tightening b od y b o lts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the autom otive m ech a n ic r e q u ir e s rounded
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a cq u ire d through a fo rm a l a p p re n tice ­
ship o r equivalent train in g and e x p e rie n ce .



L u b r ic a te s , with o il o r g r e a s e , the m ovin g parts o r w earing
s u rfa c e s o f m e ch a n ica l equipm ent o f an establish m en t.
P A IN T E R , M AINTENANCE
P aints and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w ood w ork , and fixtu res o f an
esta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s the fo llow in g : K now ledge o f su rface
p e c u lia r itie s and types o f paint re q u ir e d fo r d ifferen t app lication s;
p rep a rin g s u rfa ce fo r painting by rem ov in g o ld fin ish o r by placing
putty o r f ille r in n ail h o le s and in t e r s tic e s ; applying paint with spray
gun o r b ru sh .
M ay m ix c o l o r s , o i ls , white le a d , and other paint
in gred ien ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r co n s is te n c y .
In g e n e ra l, the
w o rk o f the m aintenance p ain ter re q u ir e s rounded training and e x ­
p e rie n c e u su a lly a cq u ire d through a fo r m a l ap p ren ticesh ip o r equiva­
lent training and e x p e rie n ce .

22

P IP E F IT T E R ,

S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER,

MAIN TEN ANC E

and layin g out all types o f s h e e t-m e ta l m ain ten an ce w o rk fr o m b lu e ­
p rin ts, m o d e ls , o r other s p e c ific a t io n s ; settin g up and op era tin g a ll
a vaila b le types o f s h e e t-m e ta l-w o rk in g m a ch in e s ; using a v a rie ty o f
handtools in cutting, bending, fo rm in g , shaping, fittin g, and a s s e m ­
b lin g; in stallin g sh e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e ra l, the
w ork o f the m aintenence s h e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n ded train in g
and e x p e rie n ce usually a cq u ire d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tice sh ip o r
equivalent training and e x p e rie n ce .

In stalls o r re p a ir s w a ter, steam , ga s, or oth er types o f pipe
and pipefittings in an esta b lish m en t.
W ork in v olv es m o s t o f the f o l ­
low ing; Laying out o f w ork and m ea su rin g to lo ca te p o sitio n o f pipe
fr o m draw ings o r oth er w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a rio u s s iz e s
o f pipe to c o r r e c t lengths with c h is e l and h am m er o r o xy a cetylen e
to rch o r p ip e-cu ttin g m ach in e; threading pipe with sto ck s and d ie s ;
bending pipe b y h a n d -d riven o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a ch in es; a sse m b lin g
pipe with cou p lin gs and fasten in g pipe to h an g ers; m aking standard
shop com putations rela tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe r e ­
quired ; m aking standard tests to d eterm in e w hether fin ish ed p ip es m eet
s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g en e ra l, the w ork o f the m aintenance p ip e fitte r
re q u ire s rounded training and e x p e rie n ce u sually a cq u ire d through a
fo rm a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equivalent train in g and e x p e rie n ce . W o rk e rs
p rim a r ily engaged in in sta llin g and rep a irin g building sanitation o r
heating system s a re ex clu d ed .
PLU M B ER ,

TO OL AND DIE M AKER
(D iem ak er; jig m a k er;

Keeps the plum bing s y s te m o f an establish m en t in good o r d e r .
W ork in v o lv es: K now ledge o f san itary co d e s reg a rd in g in sta lla tion o f
vents and traps in plum bing sy ste m ; in stallin g o r rep a irin g p ip es and
fix tu re s; opening clo g g e d drain s with a plunger o r p lu m b e rIs snake.
In gen eral, the w ork o f the m aintenance p lu m b er r e q u ir e s rounded
training and e x p e rie n ce usually a cq u ire d through a fo rm a l a p p re n tice ­
ship o r equivalent training and e x p e rie n ce .
M AINTENANCE

F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m aintains in good re p a ir the s h e e tm etal equipm ent and fix tu res (su ch as m ach ine gu a rd s, g r e e s e pans,
sh e lv e s, lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n tila to r s, ch u tes, d u cts, m etal roofin g)
o f an estab lish m en t.
W ork in v olv es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning

C ustodial

and

to o lm a k e r;

fix tu re m a k e r;

gauge m aker)

C on stru cts and re p a ir s m a ch in e -s h o p to o ls , ga u ges, ji g s , f i x ­
tu res o r dies fo r fo rg in g s , punching and o th er m e ta l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W ork in v olv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g : P lanning and layin g out o f w o rk
fr o m m o d e ls , blu ep rint s , dr a w in gs, o r oth er o r a l and w ritten s p e c if i ­
ca tio n s; using a v a rie ty o f to o l and d ie m aker*s h an dtools and p r e c is io n
m ea su rin g instru m en ts; understanding o f the w ork in g p r o p e r tie s o f
co m m o n m etals and a llo y s ; setting up and op era tin g o f m a ch in e to o ls
and re la te d equipm ent; m aking n e c e s s a r y shop com pu ta tion s re la tin g
to d im en sion s o f w ork , sp e e d s, fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a ch in e s ; h ea ttreatin g o f m etal parts during fa b r ic a tio n as w e ll as o f fin ish e d to o ls
and d ie s to a ch ieve re q u ire d q u a litie s; w ork in g to c l o s e to le r a n c e s ;
fitting and assem b lin g o f p arts to p r e s c r ib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w ­
a n ce s; s e le ctin g a pp rop riate m a te r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In
g e n e ra l, the to o l and die m aker*s w o r k r e q u ir e s a rounded train in g
in m a ch in e -sh o p and to o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a cq u ire d th rou gh a
fo rm a l app ren ticesh ip o r equivalen t train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

MAINTENANCE

S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER,

M AIN TEN AN CE - C ontinued

F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , to o l and d ie m a k e rs
in to o l and die jobbin g shops a re e x clu d e d f r o m this c la s s ific a t io n .

M aterial

GUARD

Movement

JAN ITOR, P O R T E R ,

OR C L E A N E R

(S w eeper; charw om an; ja n itr e s s )
P e r fo r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u ties, eith er at fix e d p o st o r on
tou r, m aintaining o r d e r , using a rm s o r f o r c e w here n e c e s s a r y .
In­
clu des gatem en who a re station ed at gate and ch e ck on iden tity o f
em p loy ees and other p e rs o n s entering^



C leans and keeps in an o r d e r ly co n d itio n fa c to r y w orkin g
a re a s and w a sh ro o m s, o r p r e m is e s o f an o f fic e , a partm en t h ou se,
o r c o m m e r c ia l o r other e sta b lish m e n t.
D u ties in v o lv e a com b in a tion

23

JAN ITO R, P O R T E R ,

OR C L E A N E R - Continued

o f the fo llow in g : S w eeping, m oppin g o r scru b b in g, and p olish in g f lo o r s ;
re m o v in g ch ip s , tra s h , and oth er re fu s e ; dusting equipm ent, fu rn itu re,
o r fix tu r e s ; p olish in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r trim m in gs; p rovid in g su pp lies
and m in o r m ain ten ance s e r v i c e s ; cleanin g la v a to r ie s , s h o w e rs , and
re stro o m s.
W o rk e rs who s p e c ia liz e in window washing a re exclu d ed.
LABORER,

M A T E R IA L HANDLING

SHIPPING AND RECEIVIN G C L E R K - C ontinued
parin g r e c o r d s o f the good s shipped, m aking up b ills o f lading, p o s t­
ing w eight and shipping c h a r g e s , and keepin g a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p re p a rin g the m erch a n d ise fo r shipm ent.
R e ce iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e rify in g o r d ir e ctin g oth ers in verify in g
the c o r r e c t n e s s o f shipm ents again st b ills o f lading, in v o ic e s , o r
oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r sh orta ges and r e je c tin g dam aged good s;
routing m e rch a n d is e o r m a te ria ls to p r o p e r departm ents; maintaining
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

(L o a d e r and u n loa d er; h an dler and sta ck e r; s h e lv e r ; tr u c k e r;
stock m a n o r s to ck h e lp e r; w arehousem an or w a reh ou se h elper)
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a reh ou se, m anufacturing plant,
s to r e , o r oth er ^establishm ent w hose duties involve one o r m o r e , o f
the fo llo w in g : L oa d in g and unloading va riou s m a te ria ls and m e rch a n ­
d ise on o r f r o m fre ig h t c a r s , tru ck s, o r other tran sportin g d e v ic e s ;
unpacking, sh elvin g, o r p la cin g m a te ria ls o r m e rch a n d ise in p r o p e r
sto ra g e lo c a tio n ; tra n sp ortin g m a te ria ls o r m erch a n d ise b y h an dtru ck ,
c a r , o r w h e e lb a rro w .
L on g sh orem en , who load and unload ships a re
e x c lu d e d .
O R D E R F IL L E R
(O rd e r p ic k e r ; s to c k s e le c t o r ; w areh ou se stockm an)
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish ed goods fro m
s to re d m e r ch a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e with sp e cifica tio n s on sa le s s lip s ,
cu sto m e rs* o r d e r s , o r oth er in s tru ctio n s.
May, in addition to fillin g
o r d e r s and in d ica tin g item s fille d o r om itted , keep r e c o r d s o f ou t­
going o r d e r s , re q u is itio n addition al stock , or re p o rt sh o rt su pplies
to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m oth er rela ted duties.

F o r w age study p u r p o se s , w o r k e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
R e ce iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and, "re ce iv in g c le r k
TRU CK DRIVER
D riv e s a tru ck within a c ity o r in d u stria l a rea to tran sport
m a te r ia ls , m e rch a n d is e , equipm ent, o r m en betw een va riou s types of
estab lish m en ts su ch as: M anufacturing p lan ts, fre ig h t d ep ots, w a re ­
h o u se s , w h olesa le and re ta il esta b lish m e n ts, o r betw een reta il e sta b ­
lish m en ts and cu sto m e rs* h ou ses o r p la ce s o f b u s in e s s .
May a lso
lo a d o r unload tru ck with o r without h e lp e r s , m ake m in or m ech a n ical
r e p a ir s , and keep tru ck in good w orkin g o r d e r .
D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x clu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o se s , tr u c k d r iv e rs a re c la s s ifie d b y s iz e
and type o f equipm ent, as fo llo w s : ( T r a c t o r - t r a ile r should be rated
on the b a s is o f tr a ile r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

P A C K E R , SHIPPING
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed p rod u cts fo r shipm ent or s to ra g e b y p la cin g
them in shipping co n ta in e r s , the s p e c ific operation s p e rfo rm e d bein g
dependent upon the typ e, s iz e , and num ber o f units to be p acked, the
type o f co n ta in er e m p lo y e d , and m ethod of shipm ent.
W ork re q u ire s
the p la cin g o f ite m s in shipping con ta in ers and m ay in v olv e one o r
m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : K now ledge o f va riou s item s o f sto ck in o r d e r
to v e r ify con ten t; s e le c tio n o f a pp rop riate type and s iz e o f con ta in er;
in se rtin g e n c lo s u r e s in co n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r o r oth er m a te ria l to
p reven t b rea k a ge o r d am age; c lo s in g and sealin g con ta in er; applying
la b e ls o r en terin g id en tify in g data on con ta in er.
F a ck e r s who a ls o
m ake w ood en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a re exclu ded.
SHIPPING AND R E CE IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r ch a n d is e f o r shipm ent, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e ­
sp o n sib le fo r in com in g shipm ent of m erch a n d ise o r oth er m a te ria ls .
Shipping w ork in v o lv e s : A know ledge o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c ­
t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m ean s o f tran sportation and ra te s ; and p r e 


light (under 1 V2 tons)
m ed iu m ( l A to and inclu din g 4 tons)
/a
heavy (o v e r 4 ton s, t r a ile r type)
heavy (o v e r 4 ton s, oth er than tr a ile r type)

TR U CK ER , PO W ER
O perates a m anually co n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c tr ic -p o w e r e d
tru ck o r tr a c to r to tra n sp o rt goods and m a te ria ls o f all kinds about
a w a re h o u se , m anufacturing plant, o r oth er estab lish m en t.
truck,

F o r wage study p u r p o se s , w o rk e rs a re c la s s ifie d b y type of
as fo llo w s :
T r u ck e r,
T r u ck e r,

pow er (fork lift)
p ow er (oth er than fork lift)

W ATCHM AN
M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p rotectin g p ro p e rty
against f ir e , theft, and ille g a l en try.
* * U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1955

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328595




F o r the conven ience o f u sers o f BLS data, co p ie s o f bulletins m ay a lso b e purchased fro m
the follow in g sales o ffic e s ;

U .S . D epartm ent o f L abor
B ureau o f L a b or Statistics
341 Ninth Avenue
New Y ork 1, N. Y.

U .S . D epartm ent o f L abor
B ureau o f L a b or S tatistics
105 W est A dam s S treet
C h ica go 3, 111.

U .S . D epartm ent o f L abor
B ureau o f L a b or S tatistics
630 Sansom e Street
San F r a n c is c o 11, C a lif.

O ccupational wage surveys are being conducted in 17 m a jo r la b o r m arkets during late 1954
and e a r ly 1955. B ulletins fo r the follow in g a re a s are now available and m ay be pu rchased .fro m
the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, G overnm ent P rinting O ffice , W ashington 25, D. C . , o r fro m
any o f the region a l sales office s liste d above.

L a b o r M arket

Survey P e rio d

BLS B ulletin
N um ber

P r ic e

B u ffalo, N. Y.
C levelan d , Ohio
D a lla s, T ex.

Septem ber 1954
O ctober 1954
Septem ber 1954

1172-1
1172-2
1172-3

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents




☆

U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING O FFICE: 1954

O—

330855


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102