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OFFICE ■
W ORKERS
salaries
hours of work
supplementary benefits

Bulletin No. 1002




LOS ANGELES, CALIF.
MARCH 1950
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR • BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




-

i

-

CONTENTS

Page
Number
Introduction...... •....................................................................
Salaries of Los Angeles Office Workers, March 1950 ••••.•••••••......... ............... •
Work schedules.................... ........... .................. ........ ..........

i
1
1

Tables:
1*
2.
3*
4*
5*

Salaries and weekly hours of work, by industry division........ ..........
Salaries and weekly hours of work in motion-picture production.... ...... .
Percentage distribution, by weekly salaries .............................
Scheduled weekly hours •••••»................ ......... •••••••••••..••.••.•
Scheduled days in w o z kw ee k.... ........................ .............. .

2

$

9
34
14

Appendix A*
Scope and method of survey • • • .... ................................... ••••••••

15

Appendix B:
Descriptions of occupations s t u d ie d.... ....................... ..............

17

INTRODUCTION

Surveys of office worker salaries were conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in
more than a score of large cities during 1943-49. The survey program provides for annual resurveys
in a major city in each of 5 broad geographic areas* These cities are Atlanta, Boston, Chicago,
Los Angeles, and New York. Intial surveys will be conducted each year in another 5 important
cities* To the extent that resources permit, salary data will also be brought up-to-date in a few
cities last covered 2 or 3 years earlier*

survey

The present
for Los Angeles provides salary data for selected office occupations
on a cross-industry basis* Since the 1949 Los Angeles study provided data on supplementary bene­
fits, such as vacations, holidays, sick leave, and insurance and pension plans, this information
has been omitted from the present survey (see Appendix A) * Salary data are provided wherever pos­
sible for individual industry divisions*
The Los Angeles study was prepared in the Bureau*s Division of Wage Statistics by John
L* Dana, Regional Wage Analyst, Region V, San Francisco, Calif. The planning and central direction
of the program was the responsibility of Toivo P* Kanninen and Louis E* Badenhoop under the general
supervision of Harry Ober, Chief of the Branch of Industry Wage Studies.







SALARIES OF OFFICE WORKERS IN LOS ANGELES, CALIF., MARCH 1950

Salaries
Weekly salaries of about 4-6,000 office workers employed in 22 job categories are pre­
sented in this report# The jobs studied accounted for more than a third of the total office employment in industries within the scope of the Bureau*s survey# 1/ In terms of training and ex­
perience involved, the jobs studied ranged from office girl or cleik assigned to routine typing or
filing work to bookkeeper# Women outnumbered men in nearly all of the jobs studied and accounted
for five-sixths of the aggregate employment in these jobs#
Average weekly salaries of women office workers in 12 of the 22 job categories studied
were at the $47-452 level in March 1950# General stenographers, the largest group in office work,
averaged $50#50 as did accounting clerks# Switchboard operators and key-punch operators averaged
$50 and $47, respectively# Average weekly salaries above $60 were recorded for secretaries ($60*50)
and hand Tx>okkeepers ($64*00) # Class B typists averaged $3## or $2 a week more than Class B file
clerks, the lowest-paid job group in the survey (table 1)#
Among routine office jobs, average salaries were about the same for men and women# In
jobs involving acquisition of skills or knowledge of office procedures, however, men held a salaiy
advantage of $10 or more a week# Among 8 classifications of men office workers, average salaries
ranged from $39 for office boys to $76#50 for hand bookkeepers# Accounting clerks and order clerks,
the 2 largest job groups, averaged $62 and $65*50#
Salary levels varied among the six broad industry divisions covered in the study with
the greatest earnings advantage indicated for office workers employed in the service industry di­
vision, largely dominated by motion-picture production# A comparison of average pay levels in the
motion-picture production industry, presented in table 2, with occupational averages for all indus­
tries combined indicated a salary advantage for workers in this industry amounting to $13 or more
a week in all except the office-boy category# Higher-than-average salaries were also paid in most
jobs in wholesale trade and in offices of manufacturing establishments# Lower weekly salaries in
the finance, insurance, and real estate group were at least partly offset by average weekly hours
of work that were below the general level for the community as a whole#
These inter-industry differences in pay levels, together with pay differences among es­
tablishments in the same industry as well as rate variations reported in individual establishments,
tend to account for the dispersion of salary rates in individual occupations as shown in table 3*
Among all industries as a group, the highest and lowest salaries paid in a majority of the jobs
differed by $40 or more# The salary range of the middle 50 percent of the workers in an earnings
array, however, amounted to $10 or less in half of the womenfs jobs# The dispersion of rates in
men,s jobs was substantially greater#
Salaries in Los Angeles offices were, in general, slightly higher in March 1950 than in
January 1949, when a similar Bureau study was made# Average weekly pay for most of the jobs in­
creased from 2 to 5 percent during this L^-month period#
Work schedules
About five-sixths of the women office workers in Los Angeles were scheduled to work a
40-hour week in March 1950# Shorter schedules, generally 37
hours a week, were in effect for
a fourth of the women office workers in the service industries and in the finance, insurance, and
real estate division# Less than 3 percent of the women worked more than 40 hours (table 4) •

1/2

A 5-day workweek was scheduled for virtually all women office workers in four of the six
industry divisions# As shown in table 5, about a fifth of the workers in retail trade were required
to work 5 1/2 days and a third of the office workers in the finance, insurance, and real estate
group worked at least 5
days a week#

1/2

1/

See Appendix A for discussion of scope and method of study,




2

TABIE 1 #— Salaries 1 / and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Los Angeles, Calif*, by industry division, March 1950

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
Average number
Weekly
Weekly
of
salary scheduled
workers
hours

Hourly
rate

Median
2/
weekly
salary

Salary range
of roiddle
50 percent
of workers

$75.00
71.00
75.00
69.00
85.00

$64.00
65.00
64.00
65.50
80.50

Men

Lj

............
Bookkeepers, hand
Manufacturing
Durable goods ...........
Nondurable goods ........
Wholesale trade .............
Retail trade, except
department s t o r e s .....
Finance, insurance, and
real estate ...............

696
223
125
98
175

$76.50
72.50
73.00
72.00
84.00

40.0
40.5
40.5
40.5

40.0

$1.91
1.79
1.80
1.78
2.10

54

88.50

43.5

2.03

85.00

80.50 -

97.00

112

68.00

40.0

1.70

63.50

57.50 -

69.00

119
55

50.00
54.50

40.5
40.0

1.23
1.36

55.00
55.00

44.00 55.00 -

55.50
55.50

38

42.00

40.0

1.05

42.50

37.00 -

45.00

2,119
1,068
760
308
326

62.00
61.00
60.00
63.00
57.50

39.5
40.5
41.0
39.5
40.0

1.57
1.51
1.46
1.59
1.44

60.00
60.00
60.00
59.50
57.50

54.00
55.00
56.00
55.00
47.50

-

69.00
65.50
64.50
71.00
66.00

95

73.50

4 2.0

1.75

74.50

65.00 -

86.50

168

48.50

39.5

1.23

49.50

42.50 -

54.00

80
382

57.50
72.50

40.0
36.5

1.44
1.99

56.00
70.00

52.00 62.50 -

63.50
80.00

811
291
179

62.00
64.00
58.00

40.5
40.0
40.0

1.53
1.60
1.45

60.00
65.00
58.00

52.00 54.00 54.00 -

72.00
72.00
60.00

164
55

54.00
75.00

38.0
40.5

1.42
1.35

48.50
76.50

45.00 69.50 -

66.00
81.50

1,456
309
1,068

65.50
61.50
67.00

40.0
40.0

1.64
1.54
1.68

63.50
61.00
64.00

57.00 52.00 57.50 -

74.00
69.00
75.00

Clerks, pay roll
.............
Manufacturing.......... .
Durable goods ...... .
Nondurable goods •,•••••••
Retail trade, except
department stores .........
Services .................

386
260
186
74

66.50
60.50
58.50
65.50

1.64
1.51
1.44
1.66

65.00
58.00
56.50
71.00

55.50
52.00
50.50
58.00

-

76.00
70.50
65.00
72.00

26
72

78.00
85.50

44.5

40.0

1.75
2.14

82.50
88.00

82.50 80.00 -

84.50
91.00

Clerk-typists ...................

122

50.50

40.0

1.26

52.50

48.00 -

53.00

Bookkeeping-machine operators.
class B 4/ ....................
Manufacturing ...........
Finance, insurance, and
real estate ••.............
Clerks, accounting ...........,...
Manufacturing........... .,,,
Durable goods ...........
Nondurable goods
Wholesale trade
Retail trade, except
department stores .........
Finance, insurance, and
real estate ... •.......... •
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities •
Services ....................

Lj

Clerks, general
..............
Manufacturing.... ..... .
Wholesale trade ............ .
Finance, insurance, and
real e s t a t e .............. .
Services...... .........

Lj

Clerks, order
....... .........
Manufacturing ...............
Wholesale t r a d e ...... .......

lj

See footnotes at end of table,




'

40.0
40.5

40.0
40.5
39.5

- $85.00
- 80.50
- 84.00
- 71.50
- 89.00

TABLE 1 #— Salaries 1 / and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Los Angeles, Calif*, by industry division, March 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
number
of
workers

Average
Weekly
salary

Weekly
scheduled
hours

weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

$39.X
42.00
48.X
40.50
40.50

$34.50
38.X
42.00
36.50
39.00

Median
Hourly
rate

2/

Men - Continued

Lj

..................
Office boys
Manufacturing ...............
Durable goods ...........
Nondurable goods • •......
Wholesale t r a d e .... .........
Finance, insurance, and
real estate ...............
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities •
Services *.«•••••••*•••*.....

40.0

- $42 .X
- 43.X
- 50.00
- 43.X
- 42.X

761
146
43
103
115

$39.00
42.00
46.50
40.00
41.00

40.0
40.0

$0.98
1.05
1.16
l.X
1.03

234

37.00

39.5

.94

37.00

34.50 -

39.X

86
171

39.50
38.X

39.0

1.01
.95

34.50
37.50

32.50 31.00 -

43.50
40.00

508
178
121
57
212

48.00
46.50
46.00
47.50
49.50

40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

1.20
1.16
1.15
1.20
1.24

46.00
48.50
46.00
48.50
44.00

42.00
39.00
39.00
48.00
42.X

-

53.00
50.X
52.00
50.00
55.00

155
43

47.00
51.00

40.0

1.16
1.28

47.00
50.X

42.X 48.00 -

50.00
50.X

43

45.00

41.5

1.08

43.00

42.50 -

45.00

769
248
137
111
192

64.00
65.50
69.00
61.00
65.00

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.5

1.60
1.64
1.73
1.53
1.60

60.50
64.00
64.00
60.00
60.50

53.00
58.00
63.50
54.00
50.00

-

70.00
73.50
75.00
70.00
81.00

54

60.50

40.5

1.49

61.50

50.X -

63.50

104

63.50

39.5

1.61

60.X

46.00 -

69.X

63

55.00
67.00

40.5
39.5

1.36
1.70

55.X
69.00

46.00 55.X -

64.00

76
209

57.50
61.00
58.00
64.00
56.50

40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0

40.0

1.441.54
1.45
1.64
1.41

57.50
58.X
53.50
64.50
54.00

51.00
53.00
52.00
58.00
51.00

-

63.50
65.00
70.00
65.X
63.50

59

51.50

39.5

1.30

48.50

48.50 -

57.50

40.0
40.0

40.0

Women
Billers* machine (billing
machine) V ...................
Manufacturing ................
Durable goods ..... *....
Nondurable goods ........
Wholesale trade .......... •••
Billers, machine (bookkeeping
machine)
•••*......... *.....
Manufacturing.......... *. *. •
Retail trade, except
department stores ........ .

U

Bookkeepers* hand ...............
Manufacturing............. .
Durable goods ...........
Nondurable goods ........
Wholesale trade .............
Retail trade, except
department stores •••••*••••
Finance, insurance, and
real estate ...............
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities •
Services ...............*.....
BookkeeoingHnachine operators •
class A
......... ..........
Manufacturing ••••••••*•••••••
Durable goods ••••••••••••
Nondurable goods ........
Wholesale trade .......... .
Finance, insurance, and
real estate ...............

U

See footnotes at end of table*




108

478

168
92

40.5

70.00

4

TABLE 1*— Salaries i j and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Los Angeles, Calif*, by industry division, March 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weddy
scheduled
hours

weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

$45.50
50.00
47.50
55.00
55.50

$41.50
44.00
41.50
47.50
48.00

Median
Hourly
rate

2/

Women - Continued
Bookkeeping-machine operators.
class B
*...................
Manufacturing............. .
Durable goods .......... .
Nondurable goods ........
Wholesale trade .............
Retail trade, except
department stores ..... ..
Finance, insurance, and
real estate ................

ij

Calculating-machine operators
(Comptometer type)
...... .
Manufacturing...... ........
Durable goods *..........
Nondurable goods ...... ..
Wholesale t r a d e ....... .
Retail trade, except
department stores
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities •
Services .....................
Clerks, accounting ...............
Manufacturing .............. .
Durable g o o d s ..... ......
Nondurable goods *.......
Wholesale trade •••••••••••.••
Retail trade, except
department s t o r e s ........ .
Finance, insurance, and
real estate ...............
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities •
Services ....................

U

Clerks, file, class A
••••••«••
Manufacturing *..............
Wholesale trade .............
Retail trade, except
department stores .........
Finance, insurance, and
real estate .............. .

See footnotes at end of table




14-7
165
502

$47.00
51.00
47.50
54.50
54.00

40.0
40.0

$1.18
1.29
1.19
1.38
1.35

62

49.00

40.5

1.21

48.50

46.00 -

53.00

760

40.50

40.0

1.01

a . 50

38.00 -

42.50

1,987
653
238
415
738

51.50
50.00
48.00
51.50
51.00

40.0
40.5
40.0
40.5

40.0

1.29
1.23
1.20
1.27
1.28

49.50
48.00
47.00
50.50
49.50

46.00
44.00
45.00
43.00
46.00

317

54.50

40.5

1.35

55.00

46.00 -

63.50

164
93

49.00
55.50

40.0
33.0

1.23
1.46

48.00
57.50

42.00 48.00 -

55.00
62.00

3,859
1,013
700
313
840

50.50
52.50
52.00
54.50
52.50

39.5
40.0

40.0
39.5
40.5

1.28
1.31
1.30
1.38
1.30

48.50
53.50
52.00
54.00
52.00

43.50
46.50
47.00
46.00
45.00

-

56.00
57.00
56.50
60.50
57.50

418

46.50

40.5

1.15

46.00

40.00 -

52.00

732

42.50

39.0

1.09

42.50

40.50 -

45.00

351
505

49.00
60.00

40.0
38.0

1.23
1.58

48.00
55.00

43.00 45.00 -

54.00
69.00

516
123
107

45.00
47.50
45.50

40.0
40.0
40.0

1.13
1.19
1.14

44.00
46.00
46.00

40.50 42.00 41.50 -

47.00
56.00
50.00

28

43.00

40.5

1.06

47.00

3 1.0 0 -

54.00

185

41.50

39.5

1.05

41.50

38.50 -

44.00

1,687

312

40.0
39.5
39.5

- $53.00
- 55.50
- 50.00
- 62.00
- 57.50

- •57.50
- 55.00
- 52.00
- 58.50
- 53.00

TABLE 1#— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Los Angeles, Calif*, by industry division, March 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
number
of
workers

Average Weekly
Weekly
scheduled
salary
hours

Median
Hourly
rate

weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

$31.00 - $39.00
40.00 - 46.00
37.00 - 40.00

2/

Women - Continued

43.00
39.00

39.0
40.0
40.0

$ 0.92
1.08
.98

$ 35.00
44.00
38.50

32

4 1.5 0

4 1 .5

1.00

38.00

35.00 -

52.00

1,3 4 5
94

33.00

38.5
39.0

.86
1.01

32.50
37.00

30.00 31.50 -

35.50
42.50

3,863
1,377
1,243
134
850

48.00
51.00
51.00
53.00
49.00

39.5
40.0

40.0
40.0

1.22
1.28
1.28
1.31
1.23

47.50
52.00
52.00
52.50
46.00

42.00
48.00
48.00
47.50
46.00

-

54.00
56.00
56.00
57.50
50.00

92

46.00

40.0

1.15

46.00

32.00 -

60.00

1,0 3 3

40.50

37.5

1.08

39.00

37.00 -

44.00

253
258

53.50
52.00

40.5
39.0

1.32
1.33

54.00
52.00

47.00 44.00 -

59.00
57.50

Clerks, order
......... •••••••
Manufacturing....... ...... .
Wholesale trade .............

585
85
279

51.50
54.50
54.00

41.5
40.0
40.0

1.24
1.36
1.35

50.00
56.CO
53.00

46.50 46.00 48.50 -

56.50
60.00
58.00

Clerks, nay roll ................
Manufacturing...... ........
Durable goods ...........
Nondurable goods ........
Wholesale t r a d e .... ........
Retail trade, except
department stores .........
Finance, insurance, and
real estate ................
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities *
Services ................... .

1,145
461
270
191
209

53.50
53.50
50.00
58.00
53.00

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.5

1.34
1.34
1.25
1.45
1.31

52.00
52.50
52.00
63.00
52.00

46.00
44.00
42.50
51.00
48.50

-

60.00
63.00
54.00
66.00
57.50

114

53.50

40.5

1.32

52.00

46.00 -

61.50

63

49.50

39.5

1.25

46.00

45.00 -

52.00

137
161

51.50
58.00

40.5
40.0

1.27
1.45

51.00
46.00

46.00 43.00 -

56.00
71.00

Clerk-tyoists ...................
Manufacturing ................
Durable goods ......... .
Nondurable goods ........
Wholesale trade .............
Retail trade, except
department stores ........ .
Finance, insurance, and
real estate ...............
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities •
Services ..................

3,699
1,199
908
291
636

44.50
47.50
47.50
47.50
43.50

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.5

1.11
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.07

44.00
47.50
47.00
47.50
44.00

40.00
44.00
44.00
41.00
40.00

-

48.00
51.00
50.00
51.00
47.00

103

42.50

40 .C

1.06

40.50

38.00 -

45.00

1,201

41.00

39.5

1.04

40.50

38.00 -

44.00

268
292

43.50
51.50

40.0
40.0

1.09
1.29

40.50
50.00

37.00 43.50 -

48.50
59.00

Clerks, file, class B 4 / ...... .
Manufacturing ...............
Wholesale trade .............
Retail trade, except
department stores .........
Finance, insurance, and
real e s t a t e .............. .
Services .............. .
Clerks, general ................ .
Manufacturing ...............
Durable goods .......... .
Nondurable goods ........
Wholesale trade •••••........
Retail trade, except
department stores .........
Finance, insurance, and
real e s t a t e .......... •••••
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities •
Services............... •••••

U

See footnotes at end of table*




2 ,214 .
240
255

$36.00

39.50

40.5

40.0

40.0

TABLE 1.— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Los Angeles, Calif., by industry division, March 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division

2j

Women

-

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Avera.ee Weekly
scheduled
hours

Median
Hourly
rate

weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

#41.50
46.50
46.50
50.00
46.00

1/

Continued

ij

Key-punch operators
..........
Manufacturing ................
Durable goods ......................
Nondurable goods ........
Wholesale trade ••.•••••••••••
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ............................ .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .
S e rv ices .......................... ..

1,346
364
321
43
176

#47.00
51.50
50.50
59.00
47.50

40.0
40.0
40.0
39.0
40.0

#1.18
1.29
1.26
1.51
1.19

§46.00
50.00
50.00
60.00
46.00

374

a.oo

39.5

1.04

40.50

38.00 -

44.00

50
339

51.00
47.00

40.0
39.5

1.28
1.19

50.50
42.50

49.00 a . 50 -

53.50
56.50

Office girls .....................
Manufacturing......... ......
Wholesale trade .............
Retail trade, except depart­
ment s t o r e s ........ ...... .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ..... ...............
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .
Services .............................

607
122
92

38.50
42.50
41.50

40.0
40.0
41.0

.96
1.06
1.01

37.00
42.00
40.00

33.50 40.00 37.00 -

43.00
46.00
48.50

46

3 6 .0 0

39.5

.91

33.50

31.00 -

38.00

188

34.50

39.5

.87

33.50

31.00

-

35.50

96
63

42.50
35.50

40.0
39.5

1.06
.90

40.00
33.00

37.00 31.50 -

47.00
37.50

3,977
1,412
1,007
405
602

60.50
60.00
58.50
64.00
57.50

40.0
4 0 .0
40.0
3 9 .5
40.5

1.51
1.50
1.46
1.62
1.42

57.50
53.00
57.00
62.00
54.00

52.00 55.00 54.00 58.00 52.00 -

67.00
62.00
62.00
68.00
61.50

97

62.50

40.0

1.56

63.50

57.00 -

67.00

711

55.00

39.5

1.39

53.00

50.50

-

57.50

439
716

57.00
71.00

40.0
39.5

1.43
1.80

54.00
71.00

48.50 63.00 -

63.50
78.50

6,283
1,669
1,182
487
1,052

50.50
51.50
51.00
52.50
49.50

4 0 .0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.5

1.26
1.29
1.28
1.31
1.22

49.50
51.00
50.50
52.00
4 3 .0 0

45.00 48.00 48.00 48.00 46.00 -

54.00
54.00
54.00
56.00
52.00

312

51.00

4 0.5

1.26

50.50

45.00

-

56.00

1,833

45.50

3 9 .5

1.15

45.00

42.00

-

48.50

517
900

49.00
59.50

40.5
39.0

1.21
1.53

49.00
60.00

42.50 52.50 -

56.00
66.00

Secretaries ...............................
Manufacturing ................
Durable goods .................
Nondurable goods ..•••••••
Wholesale trade ....................
Retail trade, except depart­
ment stores ......................
Finance, insurance., and real
estate .............................
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .
Services ....................
Stenographers. g e n e r a l........ .
Manufacturing ...............
Durable goods ................
Nondurable goods ............
Wholesale trade ....................
Retail trade, except depart­
ment stores ......................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate .............................
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .
Services ..............................

See footnotes at end of table




- #51.50
- 56.00
- 55.50
- 62.50
- 48.50

TABLE 1.— Sal series 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Los Angeles, Calif., by industry division, March 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

Median

i/

Hourly
rate

weekly
salary

348.50
54.00
54.00
51.00
48.00

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

Women - Continued
Switchboard operators ...........
Manufacturing...... .........
Durable goods ......................
Nondurable goods ........
Wholesale trade .............
Retail trade, except depart­
ment stores ...............
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ....................
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .
Services ....................
Switchboard operatorreceptionists 4/ ..............
Manufacturing ...............
Durable goods ............
Nondurable goods .........
Whole sale trade ............
Retail trade, except depart­
ment stores ...... .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ....................
Services ....................
Transcribing-machine operators,
general 4 / ....................
Wholesale trade .............
Finance, insurance, and real
e s t a t e ....... .............

ij

Typists, class A
.... .........
Manufacturing ................
Wholesale trade ..............
Services .............. ......

....

Typists, class B 4/
.........
Wholesale trade ..............
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ....................
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .

1/

1,150
307
112
195
183

$50.00
51.50
52.00
51.50
51.00

40.0
40.0

31..27
1.29
1.30
1.29
1.28

58

4-6.50

41.0

1.13

45.00

40.00 -

53.50

229

44.00

39.0

1.13

43.00

41.50 -

46.00

184
189

47.00
56.50

40.0
37.5

1.18
1.51

46.00
59.50

44.00 50.00 -

52.00
66.00

1,473
500
291
209
480

47.50
48.00
47.00
49.00
50.00

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.5

1.19
1.20
1.18
1.23
1.23

47.00
49.50
48.00
50.00
48.00

42.50
44.00
42.50
45.00
46.00

-

52.00
52.00
49.50
52.00
53.00

112

47.00

40.5

1.16

46.00

40.50 -

52.00

212
153

40.50
48.00

39.5
40.0

1.03
1.20

40.50
46.00

37.00 44.00 -

44.00
56.00

572
159

47.00
49.50

40.0
40.5

1.18
1.22

47.00
49.50

42.50 48.50 -

49.50
50.00

251

44.50

39.0

1.14

43.00

39.00 -

46.00

944
221
90
127

44.00
48.00
46.50
51.00

39.0
40.0

1.13
1.20

37.00
46.50
43.00
46.00

-

48.50
50.00
48.50
60.00

1,490
263

39.5

40.0
40.0

344.00
45.50
48.00
45.00
44.00

- $55.50
- 55.50
- 54.00
- 55.50
- 61.00

41.0

1.13

40.0

1.28

44.00
48.00
48.00
48.50

38.00
42.50

39.0
40.0

.97
1.06

37.00
43.50

34.50 41.50 -

42.00
45.00

757

35.00

38.0

.92

34.50

32.50 -

37.00

267

40.00

39.5

1.01

38.00

36.00 -

43.00

Excludes pay for overtime.
2/ The study covered representative manufacturing and retail trade establishments (except
department stores) and transportation (except railroads), communication, heat, light and power
companies with over 100 workers; and establishments with more than 25 workers in wholesale trade,
finance, real estate, insurance and selected service industries (business service, such professional
services as engineering, architectural, accounting, auditing and bookkeeping firms; motion pictures;
and nonprofit membership organizations).
Value above and below which half of workers* salaries fell.
Includes data for industry divisions not shown separately.

2/
lj

896935 0

-

50 - 2




TABLE 2.— Salaries l/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
motion-^picture production in Los Angeles, Calif., March 195°

Sex and occupation

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

51

$82.50
75-50

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

Median
Hourly
rate

s/
weekly
salary

i+o.o

$2 .0 6

$ 83.00

1+0.5
1+ .0
0
1+0 .0

1.8 6
2 .1 3
1 .0 2

76.00
88.00
1+
0.00

1+ .0
0
1+0.0
1+0 .0
1+ .0
0

1.8 8
1 .5 1
1 .51+
1.9 0
1 .6 2
1 .5 s

76.50
60.00
b3.00

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

Men
Clerks, accounting......... .
Clerks, g e n e r a l ..............
Clerks, pay r o l l .............
Office boys ..................

1+2
65
7+
*

8 5.50
1+ .5 0
0

$ 72.50
72.00
80.00
37.50

- $ 88.00
- 79.00
- 9 1.0 0
- 1+5.50

Women
Clerks, accounting.... .
Clerk-typists ................
Key-punch operators ...........
Secretaries ..................
Stenographers, general .......
Switchboard operators....... .

1/
2/

55
76
5b
337
392
82

75.50

60.00
6 1.5 0
76.00
65.00
63.50

1+0.0
1+0.0

Excludes pay for overtime.
Value above and below which half of workers1 salaries fell.




76.50
66.00
63.50

68.00 56.00 53.50 7 1.0 0 56.00 60.00 -

83 .OO
67.50
65.50
81.50
69.50
66.00

TABLE

3.—

Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations By weekly salaries l /
in Los Angeles, Calif., March 1950

J

Weekly salaries 1

Book­
keepers,
hand

$25.00
$ 27.50
$ 30.00
$ 32.50
$ 35.00

-

$27.4 9
$29.99
$ 32.49
$ 34.99
$ 37.49

.................
.................
.................
.................
.................

—

* 37.50
$40.00
$ 112.50
$45.00
$1*7. «=
o

-

$ 39.99 .................
$ 4 2 . 4 9 .................
$ 4 4 .9 9 .................
$4 7 . 4 9 .................
$1*9.99 .................

-

$ 50.00
$ 52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$ 60.00

-

$5 2 .1* 9 .................
$54.99 .................
$57.1 9 .................
*
$59.99 .................
$ 62 .1*9 .................

0 .7
1 .0
1 .3
5 .3
5 .9

$ 62.50
$ 65.00
$ 67.50
$70.00
$72.50

-

$61*. 9 9 .................
$ 67 .1*9 .................
$69.99 .................
$72 .1* 9 .................
$71* 9 9 .................
.

1 1.2
7 .8

$ 75.00 - $ 79.99 .................
$80.00 - $8l*.99.................
$ 85.00 - $89.99 .................
$ 90.00 - $91* 9 9 .................
.
$95.oo - $99.99 .................
$100.00 and over ................

**•3
3-7
7.9
5.0

1 3 .6
19.9
3

A

2 .2

6.8

Percent of : en m
Bookkeep­
Clerks,
ingClerks,
account­
machine
general
operators,
ing
class B

-

5 .0
3^
1 .7
5 .9
1 8 .5
1.7
3.^
8.U

16 .8
29.3
5.9
—
-

-

0 .2
.2
3.0
4.8
4.1
3.6
3.8
7.8
11.5

0.2

Clerks,
order

Clerks,
pay roll

—

—

-

-

.k
k.2
2.1
6.k

O.k
.5

1 .6
1 .6

6 .2

1 .6

s.5

8.U
k.6

u .b

9.8

9.8

1 0 .2

8.k

2.8
10.1
6.7

5.5

3.9

7.9

6.0

10.3
8.1
3-1
8.2
1.7

k .l

5.7

13.3
2.1
s. 6
3.9
7.8

4.7
5-7

4.2
2.9
4.1
1.7
1.4
(2 /)

7.2

3.6
8.8
3.3

5.5
6.2

H.3
7.3
1.8
.2
.1
—

3.
3.9
4 .7
1.8
1.0

1 .0
—

.3
1 5 .6
1.3

2 .3
1 0 .1
8 .0
1 .8
1 .8
1.3

Total .................

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Estimated number of workers .....

696

1 19

2.119

811

1.4 5 6

386

$ 50.00

$ 62.00

Average weekly salary 1 / ........

See footnotes




at

end of table.

$ 76.50

$ 62.00

$ 65.50

$ 66.50

- 10 -

TABLE

3.— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries
in Los Angeles, Calif., March 1S50 - Continued

Percent of men - f
Weekly salaries 1 /

Clerktypists

$ 25.00
$ 2 7.5 0
$30.00
$32.50
$ 35.00

-

$ 2 7 .1* 9 ..................
$29.99 ..................
$ 32 .1* 9 ..................
$3^.99 ..................
$37.^9 ..................

$37.50
$1*
0.00
$1* .5 0
2
$ 1* 0
5.0
$1*7.50

-

$39.99 ..................
$42.1*9..................
$1** 9 9 ..................
1.
$1* .1* 9 ..................
7
$1*9.99..................

$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$ 60.00

-

$ 52 .1* 9 ..................
$5^.99 ..................
$57.1*9..................
$59.99 ..................
$ 62 .1* 9 ..................

28.7
19.7
7.U
l*.9

$ 62.50
$ 65.00
$ 67.50
$70.00
$72.50

-

$61*. 9 9 ..................
$ 67 .1* 9 ..................
$69.99 ..................
$72.1*9..................
$7>*. 9 9 ..................

1 .6

$75.0 0 - $79.99 ..................
$80.00 - $8l*.99..................
$ 85.00 - $89.99 ..................
$90.00 - $ 91* 99 ..................
.
$95.00 - $99.99 ..................
$100*00 and o v e r ................ .

Percent <f women o
killers,
Bookkeep­
Billers,
Book­
ingmachine
machine
Office I
(book­
keepers , machine
boys I (billing keeping
hand
operators,
1machine) machine )
class A

1 2 .0
15.1
13.3
ll*.6
l*.9
9-8

2 3 .2

0 .1*
I.

1*
1 .9

ii i*
*.
ii* 9
.

n*.3

9 .7
20 .7
7 .7
1 0 .3

1 .3
.7
1 0 .5

0 .1*
3 .1

9.3
3.9
2.5

15 .3
10 .6
5 .1

3 .0

II.
2 .2
8 .1
6 .3
3 .0

8 2 5 .9
1 .9

1 .0
5 .5

1.9
2.6

10.7
.1
6.2
5.2
1 .6
*

1U.9
8.2
.6
5.0
1.0

.6

8 .2
ll*.8

2 .6

1.5
1.9

.7

.8
.7

.1
.7

.1

1 .9
.6

1*.2
6.8
7.1*
3.H
7.9
10.8

7.0
•3
5.9

8.6

2 3 .0
12.6

1*9
1 6 .5
.8

.1
mm

*.3

10 0 .0

100*0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Estimated number of workers .......

12 2

761

508

15 5

769

1*78

Average weekly salary 1 / .........

$ 50.50

$ 39.00

$1*8.00

$ 1*
7.00

$61*. 00

Total ..................

See footnotes at end of table




1/

$5 7.5 0

1/

TABLE 3.— -Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries
in Los Angeles, Calif., Marcr. 1950 - Continued

Weekly salaries 1/

$ 25.00
$ 27.50
$ 30.00
$32.50
$ 35.00

-

$2 7 .1+9 .................
$29.99 .................
$ 32 .1+ 9 .................
$ 3 M 9 .................
$37.1+9 .................

$37.50
$+0.00
$1+
2.50
$1+ 0
5.0
$1+ .5 0
7

-

$ 50.00
$ 52.50
$55.00
$ 57.50
$ 60.00
$ 62.50
$ 65.00
$67.50
$ 70.00
$72.50

Percent of women Bookkeep­ CalculatingClerks,
Clerks,
machine
ingoperators
machine
account­
file,
ing
operators, (Comptometer
class A
class B
type)

-

Clerks,
file,
class B

-

-

-

0.6
6.9
3 .0

1 .3
2 .5

2 .3

1 6 .5
1 9 .9

1.3

3.2

7 .1

1 6 .9

$39.99 .................
$42.^9 .................
$ + + 9 9 .................
ii.
$1+ .1+ 9 .................
7
$1+ . 9 9 .................
9

8.7
11+.7

b .i

1 .2

6.8
26 .3

1 1.0

1 5 .2
10 .6

1 2 .9
19 .0

7.1+

n.9

3 .1
10 .9
11+.2
1 1 .1+
1+.1+

-

$52 .1+ 9 .................
$5l+- 9 9 .................
$57.1+9.................
$59.99 .................
$ 62 .1+ 9 .................

6.8
1+.0

n .b

6.9
5.5
2.7

6 .2

-

$61+. 9 9 .................
$ 67 .1+ 9 .................
$69.99 ............... .
$72.1+9.................
$7^.99 .................

1+.9

1 1 .8

$75.00 - $79.99 .................
$80.00 - $Si+ . 9 9 .................
$ 85.00 - $89.99 .................
$ 90.00 - $ 91+ 9 9 .................
.
$ 95 .oo - $99.99 .................
$100 .0 0 and over ................

1 .8
.1

7.S

10 .9

3.^

1+.7
1 1 .1+

7.5

.9

.6

-

-

.1
.1

-

-

-

-

6.6
2 .2
2.5
3.9
2.3

1 .0

!3.2

18.2
11+.9

1 .6
7.8
2.7
7-8

1 .2

9.3
1+.S+
3.8
2.5
.9

1 .0
.1
.2

.9

•3

.6

(2 /)
-

-

-

.2

.b

-

.5

.8

.8

-

-

.9

1-3
(2 /)
-

Clerks,
general

-

0.9
3 .6
. 5 .7
7 .2
7 .7
9.0
1 5 .2
7 .2
1 3 .0
7 .5
1 0 .3
8 .6
1 .0
2 .1
.5

.2
.2
-

.2
.1
(2 D

-

-

Total .................

10 0 .0

10 0 .0

10 0 .0

10 0 .0

10 0 .0

10 0 .0

Estimated number of w o r k e r s .....

1.6 8 7

1.9 3 7

3.359

516

2,2ll+

3.863

Average weekly salary 1 / ........

$ 1+
7.00

$ 5 1.5 0

$ 50.50

$1+5.00

$ 36.00

$1+
8.00

See footnotes at end of table.




TABLE

3.—

Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries
in Los Angeles, Calif., March 1950 ~ Continued

1/

Percent of women Weekly salaries 1/

Clerks,
order

$ 25.00
$27.50
$30.00
$ 32.50
$35.00

-

$ 27 .1+9
$29.99
$ 32 .1+9
$3^.99
$37.1+9

$37.50
$110.00
$1+2.50
$U5.oo
$>+7.50

-

$39.99 .................
$42.1+9.................
$i+i+.99.................
$i+7.i+9 .................
$ ^ 9 . 9 9 .................

$ 50.00
$ 52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$ 60.00

-

$ 52 .1+ 9 .................
$ 5^.99 .................
$57.1+9.................
$59.99 .................
$ 62 .1+9 .................

15.1+
12.3
8.2

$ 62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50

-

$6U . 99 .................
$ 67 .1 ) 9 .................
$69.99 ..................
$72.1+9.................
$7i+. 9 9 .................

.................
.................
.................
.................
.................

$75.00 - $79.99 .................
$80.00 - $8l).99.................
$ 35.00 - $ 89.99 .................
$ 90.00 - $9l+.99.................
$95.00 - $99.99 ..................
$100.00 and over ................

—
P..1

•3

Clerks,
pay roll

Clerktypists

_
_
_

1+.5

1 .8

8 .3

.+
i

-

9.7
17.5

7 .2

6 .3

9.1+
13.7
7.0

1 6 .4
1 3 .2
11.8

ii+. 3

7.7

10 .1

3 .0

.9

7.1
2.5
3-9

11.1
—

1 2 .5

-

_

0 .5

1+.4
12.3
i)-,2

Key-punch
operators

3 .9
7 .1
7 .2

Office
girls

Secre­
taries

2 .8
1 9 .5
1 6 .2
1 6 .0

_

6.1+
13.2
6.1+
8.2

-

6 .1

0 .5
1 .7
3 .9
3 .6

2.0
2.8
.8

8.9
5.2
3-9
5.6
1.1

1.3
1.8
•5
1.6
—

1 6 .i
+
9 .5
1 1 .1
1 1 .2
8 .7

8.5
6.2
2.6
1.1
—

.2
.+
1
.8
•3

1 *?
2.4
.2
.1
.6

—

6 .1

2.6
.1
.9
.5
.1
-

.1
—

•3
—
.1
-

—
—
—
—

5.9
3-2
1.9
1.0
.1
.1

12.3
!3.*
14.6
11.8

2.8
6.6
3.5

2 .2

Total .................

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Estimated number of workers .....

585

i.ii+5

3.699

1 ,31+6

607

3.977

$ 53.50

$ ) + 50
13.

$1+7.00

Average weekly salary 1 / ........

See footnotes at end of table.




$ 5 1.5 0

$ 38.50

$ 60.50

TABLE

3*— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries 1 /
in Los .Angeles, Calif., March 1950 - Continued

Weekly salaries

l]

$ 25.00
$27.50
$ 30.00
$ 32.50
$ 35.00

-

$27.49 ..................
$29.99 ..................
$ 32 .1* 9 ..................
$ 31* 99 ..................
.
$ 37.^9 ..................

$ 37.50
$40.00
$1* .5 0
2
$ 1*
5.60
$1* .5 0
7

-

$"59.99..................
$42.1*9..................
$1)1*.99 ..................
$ 4 7 . 4 9 ..................
$1*9.99..................

$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$ 60.00

-

$52.1*9..................
$ 51* 9 9 ..................
.
$57.1*9..................
$59-99 ..................
$ 62 .1* 9 ..................

$62.50
$ 65.00
$ 67.50
$70.00
$ 72.50

-

$61*. 9 9 ..................
$ 67 .1* 9 ..................
$69.99 ..................
$72.1*9..................
$7l*. 9 9 ..................

Stenog­
raphers,
general

Percent of women Switch­
Tran­
Switch­
board
scrib ingboard
Typists,
operator- machine
class A
opera­
reception­ operators,
tors
ists
general

0.1
.2

-

-

-

1 .4

3.8
1 .9

2 .1
2 5 .1

7 .5
7 .7
19 .0
1 6 .1
1 9 .3

1 2 .8
5 .5

1 5 .8
4 .5
4 .0
7 .1
1 .2

1 1.5
4 .2
.7

10.4
3.0
2.5
.4

2 .2
.7
.2

—

—

•3
3.5
—
—

.4
—
-

—
—
-

—
—
—
—

.5

0 .7

-

1.1

2.5

5.8

2.1
8.7

4.1
9.7
17.5
14.8
5.3

4 .1
1 2 .9
9.6
16 .9
1 3 .6

7.1*
8.4
12.5
3-1
4.3
4.4
2.1

1 3 .0
14.5
12.5

ik.Z
7.9
7.4

6 .1
3.1
2.1
2.4
1.5
.2
.2

-

2 .5
.3

■

i*.5
—

8.8
10.0
15.7

2 .6

Typists,
class B

2 .7
15.1
14.5
21.1
10.7
13.8
14.0
5.2
1.0
•9
.4
.2
—

-

.1

.6

.3
•
•

.4
—

$75.00 - $79.99 ..................
$80.00 - $84.99 ..................
$85.00 - $89.99 ..................
$90.00 - $94.99 ..................
$95.00 - $99.99 ..................
$100.00 and o v e r .................

1.6

Total ..................

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

10 0 .0

100.0

Estimated number of w o r k e r s ......

6,283

1 ,1 5 0

1.1*73

572

944

1,1*90

Average weekly salary 1 / .........

$50.50

$50.00

$47.50

-

k .
.
1/

2j

Excludes pay for overtime.
Less than 0.05 of 1 percent.




$47.00

.1
—
—
—

$44.00

—
—
—
—
—

$ 38.00

- 1U -

TBE
AL

U.— Scheduled

weekly hours of w en in Los Angeles offices, March 1950
om
TercenF^7^wor!cer^l ^ToyeT"Tn^TfTce^Tn"^1
^

Manufacturing
Weekly hours

All
indus­
tries

All
N
on­
m
anu­ Durable
durable
goods
fac­
goods
turing

Whole­
sale
trade

All offices employing women.......................

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Under 35 hours ......................................
3 5 hours ..................................................
3 7 i hours................................................
Over 37-J and under UO hours..............
Uo hours..................................................
U hours ..................................................
U
Over U and under US hours................
U
U hours ..................................................
S

0.5
2.5
8.9
1.3
sU.i

0.1
^•9
.6
93-1
1.3

0.2
.S
99.0
-

•
•
17.2

•
•
-

1/

2 .U

.3
(1/)

O .U

Retail
Finance,
trade,
insur­
except
ance,
depart­
and real
ment
estate
stores

Transpor­
tation,
com uni­
m
cation, Services
and other
public
u tilities

100.0

100.0

1.6
-

7.3
16.9
3-2

3 .9

5.9
.2
IS .6

7 2 .6

92. u

7^.7

-

-

78.2

9 3 .9

77.8

U .6

5.7

100.0
_
-

1 U .6

_

100.0

.6

3.*

6.0

_

0 .3

Less than 0.05 of 1 percent.

T B E 5 . —Scheduled days in workw
AL
eek of w en in Los Angeles offices, March 1950
om
Percent of workers employed in offices in -

Manufacturing
Days in w
eek

All offices employing w en .......................
om

5 days

.....................................................

5 days....................................................
i
6 days ......................................................




Retail Finance,
trade,
insur­
except
depart­ ance,
and real
ment
estate
stores

Transpor­
tation,
com uni­
m
cation, Services
and other
public
u tilities

All
indus­
tries

All
N
on­
m
anu­ Durable durable
goods
fac­
goods
turing

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

85.3

98.7
1.3

100.0
-

95-U
U.6

9U 3
.
5.7

79.3
20.7

6U
.9

96.2

6.6

3.5
•3

9 3 .5
6.5

9.3

Whole­
sale
trade

28.5

- 15 APPENDIX A
Scope and Method of Survey
The information presented in this bulletin was collected by visits of field represents^
tives of the Bureau to representative offices in the city surveyed# In classifying workers by oc­
cupation, uniform job descriptions were used; they are presented in Appendix B#
No attempt was made to study all office occupations and, in general, the jobs surveyed
were those that are found in a large proportion of offices and that involve duties that are more
or less uniform from firm to firm# The jobs studied are more representative of the salaries of
women than of men office workers#
The study covered six broad industry divisions and in each division only establishments
above a certain size were studied# Office employment in smaller establishments was not considered
sufficiently great to warrant inclusion of such establishments in the survey# A greater proportion
of large than of small establishments was studied in order to maximize the proportion of office
workers that could be surveyed with available resources. Each group of establishments of a certain
size, however, was given only its proper influence on the information presented# The industries
included in the study together with the minimum size of establishments and the number of establish­
ments surveyed are summarized below#
Establishments and workers in major industry divisions in Los Angeles, and number
studied by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, March 1950
Minimum
size of
establish­
ment
i/

Item

Numb*?r of
establdLshments
Estimated
total

Studied

Employment
Estimated
total
2/

In establlsshments
studifi
d
Office
Total

Industry division
All divisions ..................
Manufacturing ................
Durable goods 2/ ..........
Nondurable goods
.......
Wholesale trade ..............
Retail trade, except
department stores ..........
Finance, insurance, and
real estate ................
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities 2/
Services
........ ........ .

y

y

515,800
147,400
87,800
65,100

203,070
78,430
60,170
18,260
12,910

53,510
17,690
14,930
2,760
2,540

30

59,300

20,540

1,500

337

34

46,300

16,610

13,990

70
334-

26
37

67,100
42,800

51,060
23,520

11,940
5,850

2,>11
25
49
100
202
726
1,209

229
17
29
33
47
60
43

515,800
140,200
72,600
69,700
69,900
112,000
51,400

203,070
107,100
44,220
23,060
17,280
9,310
2,100

53,510
28,110
12,540
4,590
4,760
2,430
1,080

101
101
101
26

2,311
561
284277
844

229
56
32
24
46

101

165

26
101
26

235,200

Size of establishment
All size g r o u p s .... ...........
2,501 and over ...............
1,001 - 2,500 ................
501 - 1,000 ................
251 - 500 ..................
101 - 250 ..................
26 - 100 ..................

1/ Number of plant and office workers.
2/ Plant and office employment in the Los Angeles Metropolitan Area (Los Angeles and Orange
Counties)#
2/ Metalworking; lumber, furniture, and other wood products; stone, clay, and glass products;
professional, scientific and controlling instruments; optical goods; watches and clocks; and mis­
cellaneous manufacturing#
Food and kindred products; tobacco; textiles; apparel and other finished products made from
fabrics; paper and paper products; printing and publishing; chemicals; products of petroleum and
coal; rubber products; and leather and leather products.

ij

5/

Excludes railroads.
Business service; such professional services as engineering, architectural, accounting,
auditing, and bookkeeping firms; motion pictures; and nonprofit membership organizations.



- 16 -

The information on weekly salaries excludes overtime pay and nonproduction bonuses but
includes incentive earnings* The weekly hours data refer to the work schedules for which these
salaries are paid* Hourly rates were obtained by dividing these weekly salaries by scheduled hours*
The number of workers presented refers to the estimated total employed in all establishments with­
in the scope of the study and not to the number actually surveyed*

Data are shown only for full-time workers, defined as those who are hired
establishment(s full-time schedule for the occupational classification*

to work the

In evaluating information on variations in salaries with size of establishment, in the
few cities in which the coverage justifies such a summary, it should be remembered that this fac­
tor may be related to others* There is frequently an important relationship between size and in­
dustrial classification in the broad industry groups used in these surveys*

Information on work schedules refers to women office workers and is presented in terms
of the proportion of women workers employed in offices with the practice in question*

Information on employer policies relating to paid vacations, paid sick leave, paid holi­
days, insurance and pension plans, and nonproduction bonuses was obtained in last year*s study in
Los Angeles and was, therefore, not collected in the more recent survey* Summaries of the supple­
mental benefits provided in this city in January 1949 appear in a report entitled nSalaries of
Office Workers in Large Cities, 1949,w Bulletin No* 960-1, issued by the U*S* Department of Labor*
Copies of Bulletin No* 960-1 are for sale, at 20 cents, by the Superintendent of Documents, U* S*
Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D* C.




17
APPENDIX B

Descriptions of Occupations Studied

The primary purpose of the Bureau*s job descriptions is to assist its
field staff in classifying workers who are employed under a variety of pay-roll
titles and different work arrangements from office to office and from area to
area, into appropriate occupations. This is essential in order to permit the
grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Be­
cause of this emphasis on interoffice and interarea comparability of occupation­
al content, the Bureau*s job descriptions differ significantly from those in
use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In view
of these special characteristics of the Bureau's Job descriptions, their adop­
tion without modification by any single establishment or for any other purpose
than that indicated herein is not recommended. Where office workers regularly
perform duties classified in more than one occupation, they are generally clas­
sified according to the most skilled or responsible duties that are a regular
part of their Job and that are significant in determining their value to the
firm.

A worker who prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an
ordinary typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work incidental to billing operations. Should be designated as working on billing
machine or bookkeeping machine as described below.
Billing Machine - A worker who uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of nec­
essary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which
are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually Involves a large number of car­
bon copies of the bill being prepared and Is often done on a fan-fold machine.
Bookkeeping Machine - A worker who uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which nay or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare cus­
tomers* bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simultaneous
entry of figures on a customer*s ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates figures
on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard
types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPER, HAND
A worker who keeps a set of books for recording business transactions and whose work in­
volves most of the following: posting and balancing subsidiary ledgers, cash books or Journals,
journalizing transactions where judgment Is involved as to accounts affected; posting general
ledger; and taking trial balances. May also prepare accounting statements and bills; may direct
work of assistants or accounting clerks.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

A worker who operates a hookkeeping machine (Bemington Band, Elliott Fisher,
strand, Burroughs, National Cash Beglster) to keep a record of business transactions.

Sund-

Class A - A worker who uses a hookkeeping machine with or without a typewriter keyhoard to keep a set of records of business transactions usually requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the structure of the particular
accounting system used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and
other records by hand.
Class B - A worker who uses a bookkeeping machine with or without a typewriter key­
board to keep a record of one or more phases or sections of a set of records pertaining to busi­
ness transactions usually requiring some knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections
include accounts payable, pay-roll, customers' accounts (not including simple type of billing
described under Biller, Machine), cost distributions, expense distributions, inventory control,
etc. In addition, may check or assist in preparation of trial balances and prepare control
sheets for the accounting department.
CAICUIAT1HG-MACHINE OPERATOR
A worker whose primary function consists of operating a calculating
form mathematical computations other than addition exclusively.

machine to per­

Comptometer type
Other than Comptometer type
CIZRK, ACCOUNTING,
A worker who performs one cr more accounting operations such as preparing simple Jour­
nal vouchers, accounts payable vouchers; coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting dis­
tributions; entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling bank accounts; posting and bal­
ancing subsidiary ledgers controlled by general ledger, e.g., accounts receivable, accounts
payable, stock records, voucher Journal. May assist in preparing Journal entries. For workers
whose duties include handling the general ledger or a set of books, see Bookkeeper, Hand.
CIERK, FILE
Class A - A worker who is responsible for maintaining an established filing system
and classifies and indexes correspondence or other material; may also file this material. May
keep records of various types in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and lo­
cating material in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - A worker who performs routine filing, usually of material that has already
been classified, or locates or assists in locating material in files. May perform incidental
clerical duties.
CIERK, GENERAL
A worker who is typically required to perform a variety of office operations. This
requirement may arise as a result of impracticability of specialization in a small office or
because versatility is essential in meeting peak requirements in larger offices.
The work
generally involves the use of independent Judgment in tending to a pattern of office work from
day to day, as well as knowledge relating to phases of office work that occur only occasionally.
For example, the range of operations performed may entail all or some combination of the fol­
lowing: answering correspondence, preparing bills and invoices, posting to various records,
preparing pay rolls, filing, etc. May also operate various office machines and type as the
work requires. (See Clerk-Typist.)




19
CLERK, ORDER
A worker vho receives customers* orders for material or merchandise “ mail, phone,
by
or personally and whose duties involve any combination of the following? quoting prices to cus­
tomers, making out an order sheet listing the items to make up the order, checking prices and
quantities of items on order sheet, distributing order sheetB to respective departments to be
filled. May also check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer, acknowl­
edge receipt of orders from customers, follow-up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAY-ROLL
A worker who computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the
pay-roll sheets and whose duties involve: calculating worker's earnings based on time or produc­
tion records; posting calculated data on pay-roll sheet, showing information such as worker*s
name, working days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. In addition, may
make out pay checks and assist the paymaster in making up and distributing the pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
CLERK-TYPIST
A worker who does clerical work requiring little special training but the performance
of which requires the use of a typewriter far a major portion of the time and whose work in­
volves typing letters, reports, and other matter from rough draft or corrected copy and one or
more of the following: keeping simple records; filing records and reports; making out bills;
sorting and distributing incoming mall.
KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR l/
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities, records account­
ing and statistical data on tabulating cards by punching a series of holes in the cards in a
specified sequence, using a numerical key-punch machine, following written information on rec­
ords. May be required to duplicate cards by using the duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files on punched cards. May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
A worker who performs a variety of routine duties such as running errands;
minor office machines, suoh as sealers or mailers; opening and distributing mall,
minor clerical work. (Bonded messengers are excluded from this classification.)

operating
and other

SECBETABY l/
A worker who performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an adminis­
trative or executive position and whose duties involve the following: making appointments for
superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making phone calls; handling per­
sonal and Important or confidential mall, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation, either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine (except where tran­
scribing machine is used), and transcribing dictation or the recorded information reproduced on
a transcribing machine. In addition, may prepare special reports or memoranda for information
of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
A worker whose primary function is to take dictation from one or more persons, either
in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a normal routine vocabulary, and to

1/

Hot surveyed in all cities




20
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL - Continued
transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See
Transcribing-Machine Operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
A worker whose primary function is to take dictation from one or mare persons, either
in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied technical or specialized
vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research and to transcribe this
dictation on a typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in
order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See TranscrlblngMachlne Operator.)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
A worker who operates a single or multiple position telephone switchboard, and whose
duties involve: handling incoming, outgoing, and Intraplant or office calls. In addition, may
record toll calls and take messages. As a minor part of duties, may give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers who also do typing or
other stenographic work or act as receptionists, see Switchboard Operator-Receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
A worker who in addition to performing duties of operator, on a single position or
monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and/or performs typing or other routine clerical
work as part of regular duties. This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this
worker*s time while at switchboard.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
A worker whose primary function is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple
clerical work. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a Stenographer, General.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, TECHNICAL
A worker whose primary function is to transcribe dictation involving a varied tech­
nical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research from
transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work. A
worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine is classified as a
Stenographer, Technical.
TYPIST
A worker who uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make out bills
after calculations have been made by another person. May operate a teletype machine.
Class A - A worker who performs one or more of the following: typing material in
final form from very rough and involved draft; copying from plain or corrected copy in which
there is a frequent and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreign language copy;
combining material from several sources; or planning lay-out of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in final form.
May also type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B - A worker who performs one or more of the following: typing from relatively
clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; setting up simple
standard tabulations, or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.




U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : O — 1950










UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Maurice J. Tobin - Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague - Commissioner


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102