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OFFICE H
W O R K ER S
salaries
hours of work
supplementary benefits

Bulletin No. 995




C H IC A G O , ILL.
FEBRUARY 1950
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR • BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office
Washington 25, D. C. - Price 20 cents




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Maurice J. Tobin - Secretory
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague - Commissioner

i

Contents

Page
Number
Introduction............. ................. .............. •*........................
Salaries of Chicago Office Workers, February 1950 ....... ............................
Supplementary Wage Practices ••••••••........... ................... ..............

i
1
2

Tables:
1.
2.
3.
^.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Salaries and weekly hours of work, by industry di v i s io n..... ..........
Percentage distribution, by weekly salaries ....... ...................
Scheduled weekly hours ..... ............ ..............................
Scheduled days in w o r k w e e k ................................ ....... ....
Vacations with pay
............... .................................
Paid holidays ..........••••.... ..... ......................•........ .
Formal provisions for paid sick leave
Nonproduction bonuses ....... ..... ......................••••.•••••••••
Insurance and pension plans ..............................•.......

3
30
.
35
.
35
.
36
.
36
.
17
18
18

Scope and method of s u r v e y ....................... .........................

19

Appendix A:

Appendix B:
Descriptions of occupations s tu d i e d ...... .................................

21

INTRODUCTION

Surveys of office worker salaries were conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics
in more, than a score of large cities during 19 *8 - 49 . The survey program provides for annual
4 *resurveys in a major city in each of 5 broad geographic areas. These cities are Atlanta,
Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York. Initial surveys will be conducted each year in
another 5 important cities. To the extent that resources permit, salary data will also be
brought up-to-date in a few cities last covered 2 or 3 years earlier.
These surveys are designed to provide salary data for selected office occupations on
a cross-industry basis. Data are also obtained on supplementary benefits, such as vacations,
holidays, sick leave, and insurance and pension plans. Salary and related data are provided
wherever possible for individual industry divisions.
The Chicago study was prepared in the Bureau’s Division of Wage Statistics by George
E. Votava, Regional Wage Analyst, Region IV, Chicago 6, Illinois. The planning and central
direction of the project was the responsibility of Toivo P. Kanninen and Louis E. Badenhoop
under the general supervision of Harry Ober, Chief of the Branch of Industry Wage Studies.







SALARIES OF OFFICE WORKERS IN CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, FEBRUARY 1950 1/

Salaries
Average weekly salaries of women office workers in 13 of 23 job categories surveyed
in Chicago fell in the $^5-$50 pay "bracket in February 1950* Among the numerically important
occupational groups at this salary level were general stenographers ($^8 .5 0 ) and accounting
clerks ($46). Clerk-typists, second to stenographers in numbers employed, averaged $41.50 a
week* Clerks doing routine filing were paid $37*50, on the average, or $1 a week more than
office girls, the lowest-paid job group in the survey. Women in 3 jobs averaged more than $50
with the highest average salary ($5 8 ) recorded for hand bookkeepers (table 1 ).
Among 14 classifications of men office workers, average salaries ranged freon $67 for
hand bookkeepers to $ 36.50 for office boys. Accounting clerks and order clerks, the 2 largest
job groups, averaged $58 and $60. A comparison of average salaries paid to men and women en­
gaged in similar work indicated that pay levels were about the same in routine jobs; among
jobs involving acquisition of skills and knowledge of office procedures, however, men held a
salary advantage of $5 or more a week.
Salary levels varied among the 6 broad industry divisions covered in the study with
the greatest earnings advantage indicated for office workers employed in the transportation,
communication, and other public utilities group. Higher-than-average salaries were also paid
in most jobs in wholesale trade and in offices of manufacturing establishments producing dur­
able goods.
Although salaries for clerical workers are generally expressed in monthly or weekly
terms, the Bureau converted the salaries to hourly rates to allow for differences in the length
of the workweek. Due to the smaller number of hours of work averaged by office workers in the
finance, insurance, and real estate industries, hourly earnings in this division compare more
favorably with all-industry averages than was indicated in the examination of weekly salaries.
Thus, although women general stenographers in this particular industry group averaged $46.50,
or $2 less than the average for all industries combined, average hourly earnings ($1.24) were
identical in both groupings.
Salary rates varied widely in individual occupations with the greatest dispersion
indicated in men 1s Jobs (table 2). These variations are traceable to inter-industry differences
in pay levels, to differences in salary rates paid among establishments in the same industry,
and to rate differences reported in individual establishments. Although the lowest and highest
salaries recorded in individual jobs typically differed by $30 or mere, the rates for a sub­
stantial proportion of the workers were grouped about the average. In the case of women general
stenographers, for example, rates fbrmore than half of the workers fell in the $^5-$55 bracket.
Salaries in Chicago offices were slightly higher in February 1950 than in the same
month of 1949. The average increase for all women workers studied was less than 2 percent
over the year period.

l/

See Appendix A for discussion of scope and method of survey.




SUPPLEMENTARY W A G E PRACTICES

Work schedules
The work schedule in the Chicago offices varied considerably among industries; how­
ever, the to-hour, 5-day workweek was by far the most common (tables 3 and k ). Only about 1
percent of women office workers were scheduled to work more than to hours. In the finance,
insurance, and real estate division, a tenth of the workers were on a 35 -hour workweek and
nearly three-fourths were scheduled to work less than tO hours. Nearly two-fifths of the women
office workers in the service industries also worked on schedules of less than to hours.
Paid vacations
Virtually all establishments visited reported formal provisions for paid vacations
for office workers. Three-fifths of the workers were in offices granting at least one week
after 6 months of service, and four-fifths of the total office force was concentrated in es­
’
tablishments that provided two weeks of paid vacation after a year of service (table 5 )«
Paid holidays
Chicago office workers, with few exceptions, received 6 or more paid holidays a year.
The most liberal policies were reported in the finance, insurance, and real estate division in
which nearly ^0 percent of the workers received 11 paid holidays (table 6 ).
Paid sick leave
A fifth of the workers were employed in offices having formal provisions for sick
leave with pay after 6 months of service. The proportion eligible for sick leave increased
somewhat after a year of service (table 7 )* The number of days granted annually varied from
less than 5 days to more than 20 days.
Sick leave granted on an informal basis as reported by many employers is not included
in these estimates.
Nonproduction bonuses
Many enployers in Chicago supplemented the basic pay of office workers with a non­
production bonus, in nearly all cases in the form of a Christmas or year-end payment. The
practice varied greatly among the industry divisions surveyed as indicated in table 8 . The
proportion of office workers employed in establishments granting Christmas or year-end bonuses
ranged from a tenth in transportation, communication, and other public utilities to a half in
finance, insurance, and real estate. Profit-sharing plans were also reported by a few estab­
lishments in most of the industry divisions.
Insurance and pension plans
Establishments employing nine-tenths of the Chicago office workers provided some
type of insurance or pension plan for which the firms paid at least part of the premiums. The
proportion of office workers employed in establishments reporting life insurance plans ranged
from two-thirds in the service Industries to over nine-tenths in manufacturing and the trans­
portation, communication, and other public utilities division (table 9 ).
Retirement pension plans were reported by establishments accounting for more than
half of the office workers. Measured in terms of employment, such plans had the greatest
coverage in the transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




3
TABLE 1.— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Chicago, 111., by industry division, February 1950

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
Hourly
scheduled
rate
hours

weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

$45*00 - $58.00
44.00 - 58.00

Median
2 /

Men
Billers, machine (billing
machine) 4 / ...................
Wholesale trade .............
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..

227
1U

$50.00
48.50

40.0
40.5

$1.25
1.20

$49.50
46.00

81

52.50

40.0

1.31

50.00

48.00 -

58.00

1,313
434
187
247
225
45

67.00
76.00
70.00
80.50
65.50
67.00

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
a.5

1.70
1.90
1.75
2.04
1.64
1.61

65.00
70.00
69.00
76.50
60.00
65.00

57.50
66.50
65.00
66.50
52.50
55.00

-

74.50
81.00
79.00
95.00
75.00
75.00

517

59.00

39.0

1.51

57.50

51.50 -

66.00

r?

71.50
70.00

39.5
39.0

1.81
1.79

62.00
72.50

62.00 63.00 -

79.50
75.00

45.50
59.00

37.5
40.0

1.21
1.48

44.00
54.00

40.00 - 48.00

28

45.00 -

71.50

177

42.00

36.5

1.15

a . 50

38.00 -

46.50

3,587
1,862
1,171
691
720
212

58.00
60.00
59.50
61.50
58.50
59.50

39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5

40.0

1.47
1.52
1.49
1.58
1.48
1.49

57.50
60.00
59.00
62.00
5-3.00
60.00

50.00
52.50
53.00
51.50
49.50
51.50

-

65.00
67.00
66.00
69.50
65.00
64.50

472

50.50

38.5

1.31

50.00

42.50 -

59.50

205
116

57.50
52.00

39.5
39.0

1.46
1.33

56.00
50.50

50.00 44.00 -

64.50
58.00

Clerks, file, class A ............

40

51.00

39.0

1.31

49.00

47.00 -

54.50

Clerks, file, class B .... .......

116

38.50

39.5

.97

37.00

34.50 -

42.00

1,827
770
579
550
65

58.00
57.50
57.00
58.00
54.50
60.50

39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.0
39.5

1.47
1.44
1.43
1.45
1.40
1.53

56.50
56.50
56.50
57.50
54.00
64.00

50.00
51.00
51.00
51.00
46.00
55.00

-

64.50
63.50
63.50
64.50
59.50
64.50

137

60.00

39.5

1.52

59.00

51.50 -

71.50

261
44

65.50
54.00

39.5
39.0

1.66
1.38

67.00
52.00

57.00 40.00 -

75.50
63.50

Bookkeepers, hand ............... .
Manufacturing ...............
Durable goods ............
Nondurable goods ..........
Wholesale trade ......... .
Retail trade .................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate................ .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..
Services
Bookkeenins^-machine operator s.
class B 4 / ....................
Wholesale trade .............
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ....................
Clerks, accounting..... ....... .
Manufacturing.... .
Durable goods ............
Nondurable goods ..........
Wholesale trade ........ .
Retail trade ........... .....
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ................... .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..
Services •••••••.............

Clerks. general.......... ......
Manufacturing ...............
Durable goods ............
Nondurable goods.... ••••••
Wholesale trade ••••.•••......
Retail trade ••••••••••.......
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ....................
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..
Services ....................

See footnotes at end of table




55

2a

191

40.0

TABLE 1.— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Chicago, 111., by industry division, February 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

Hourly
rate

Median
y
weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

Men - Continued
2,028
606
431
175
1,257

$60.00
61.00
63.50
55.00
60.50

40.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.5

$1.50
1.54
1.61
1.39
1.49

$62.00
61.00
62.00
55.50
62.00

$52.50
54.00
57.50
51.50
52.00

Clerks, pay roll L/ ............
Manufacturing........
Durable goods ............
Nondurable goods .........
Wholesale trade .......... .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .
Services ................. .

761
574
176
98
71

57.00
56.00
56.00
55.50
54.00

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

1.44
1.40
1.42
1.39
1.38

55.50
55.00
55.00
57.50
53.00

50.50
50.50
49.50
52.50
49.00

-

61.00
59.00
59.00
58.00
58.00

36
33

61.00
65.50

39.5
39.0

1.54
1.68

63.50
65.00

50.00 57.50 -

70.50
81.00

Clerk-typists 4/ ...............
Wholesale trade ............
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .

303
147

45.50
47.00

39.5
40.5

1.15
1.16

44.00
44.00

42.50 42.50 -

48.50
51.00

30

50.50

39.5

1.28

52.00

43.50 -

55.00

Office b o y s ....................
Manufacturing
Durable g o od s.......... .
Nondurable goods .........
Wholesale trade •••••••••....
Retail trade ...............
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ...................
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .
Services ......... ..... .

1,581
542
257
285
230
108

36.50
37.00
38.50
36.00
37.00
38.00

39.0
39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5

.94
.95
.97
.92
.94
.96

36.00
37.00
38.00
35.00
37.00
37.00

33.50
34.00
34.50
34.00
32.50
35.00

-

39.50
39.50
41.50
38.00
40.50
40.00

271

36.50

38.5

.95

35.50

34.50 -

39.00

142
288

36.50
34.50

39.5
39.5

.92
.87

37.00
34.50

33.50 30.00 -

39.50
36.00

Stenographers. general 4/ .......
Wholesale trade............

133
113

55.00
55.00

40.5
40.5

1.36
1.36

53.00
53.00

50.00 48.00 -

60.00
60.00

Typists, class A ...............

48

49.50

40.0

1.24

50.00

46.00 -

52.00

Tvoists. class B 4 / ............
Wholesale trade ............

30
26

40.50
40.50

40.5
41.0

1.00
.99

41.00
40.50

39.50 39.50 -

a . 50
41.50

1,876
717
513
204
644
224

46.50
46.50
47.50
44.00
47.50
44.00

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

1.18
1.18
1.19
1.11
1.20
1.13

45.50
45.00
46.00
44.00
46.00
44.50

42.50
43.50
44.00
40.00
43.50
39.00

-

50.00
49.50
50.00
46.00
51.00
47.00

162

43.50

37.5

1.16

43.00

40.00 -

46.50

95
34

51.00
50.00

40.0
39.0

1.28
1.28

51.00
50.00

49.00 47.50 -

56.00
51.00

Clerks, order 4/ ...............
Manufacturing ......... .....
Durable goods ...........
Nondurable g o ods.... .
Wholesale trade .............

40.0

- $66.50
- 66.50
- 69.50
- 60.00
- 67.00

Women
Billers, machine (billing machine)
Manufacturing ..............
Durable goods ............
Nondurable g o od s.... . ••••
Wholesale trade............
Retail trade ................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ......... ........ .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .
Services ...................
See footnotes at end of table.




40.0

TABLE 1.— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Chicago, 111., by industry division, February 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 7J

Median
2/
weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

$1.15
1.16
1.06

$44.50
44.00
42.50

$42.00 - $4. .00
9
42.00 - 48.50
40.00 - 45.00

39.0
40.0
40.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

1.49
1.54
1.54
1.52
1.56
1.35

56.00
59.00
57.50
60.00
55.00
52.50

50.00
57.50
57.50
57.50
50.00
50.00

-

61.50
65.00
61.50
65.00
65.00
56.00

54.50
57.50

38.0
39.0

1.43
1.47

50.50
57.50

47.00 52.50 -

58.00
62.50

621
252
154
98
169
105

54.50
53.00
54.00
52.50
56.50
48.50

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.5
39.5

1.38
1.34
1.37
1.33
1.40
1.23

53.00
53.00
53.00
50.00
57.50
49.00

50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
52.00
42.50

-

58.00
56.00
56.00
55.00
60.00
51.00

70

63.00

39.0

1.62

57.50

50.00 -

77.00

2,778
1,030
527
503
426
210

44.50
45.50
43.50
47.50
47.00
45.00

38.5
39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
39.5

1.16
1.15
1.09
1.22
1.18
1.14

45.00
46.00
44.50
47.00
47.00
45.00

40.50
43.50
40.00
45.00
43.50
42.00

-

48.00
49.00
48.00
50.00
51.00
47.50

1,014
59

42.50
46.00

37.5
39.0

1.13
1.18

42.50
45.00

39.00 40.00 -

46.50
45.00

4,211
1,677
785
892
735
1,084

47.50
48.50
49.50
47.00
48.50
46.00

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
39.5

1.20
1.21
1.25
1.18
1.24
1.16

47.00
48.00
49.50
47.00
48.50
45.00

43.00
45.00
46.00
43.00
45.00
40.00

-

51.00
52.00
53.00
51.50
53.00
50.00

146

42.00

38.5

1.09

40.50

38.00 -

44.50

123
446

50.00
45.50

39.5
39.5

1.27
1.15

50.00
45.00

47.00 42.00 -

53.00
49.00

Estimated
number
of
workers

Average Weekly
Hourly
scheduled
rate
hours

Weekly
salary

453
47
184

$45.00
4. .00
6
42.00

39.0
39.5
39.5

1,192
340
200
140
237
127

58.00
61.50
62.50
60.00
61.50
54.00

375
91

Women - Continued
Billers, machine (bookkeeping
machine £ / ............ .......
Wholesale trade ...... ..... .
Retail trade ••.••••••••••••••«

Bookkeepers, hand V ............
Manufacturing......... .
Durable goods ........... .
Nondurable goods ........ ..
Wholesale trade ..............
Retail trade .................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ..... ...............
Services......... .

Bookkeeping-machine operators r
class A 4 / ••............ .....
Manufacturing •••••••••••••.•••
Durable goods..... .
Nondurable goods ..........
Wholesale trade ......... ....
Retail trade .................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ........... .

Bookkeeping-machine operators.
class B 4/ ....................
Manufacturing ........... .
Durable goods.... .
Nondurable goods •••••••••••
Wholesale trade ...... ••••••••
Retail trade ........ .......
Finance, insurance, and real
estate •.....•.............
Services .................. .

Calculating-machine operators
(Comptometer type) ...... ..... .
Manufacturing ...............
Durable goods............
Nondurable goods...... . •••
Wholesale trade ••••••........
Retail trade............... .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..
Services ................ .

See footnotes at end of table.




40.0

TABLE 1.— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Chicago, 111., by industry division, February 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
Hourly
scheduled
rate
hours

Median
2/
weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

$45.00
47.00
45.00

$40.00 - $49.50
45.00 - 50.00
40.00 - 52.00
43.00 - 64.50

Women - Continued
Calculating-machine operators
(other than Comptometer type) U
Manufacturing...............
Wholesale trade .............
Retail trade.... ........ .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate.... ................
Services ................... .

U 6
106
85
77

$45.50
47.00
45.50
50.50

1 5
429

43.50
a . 50

6,636
2,016

49.00

1,291
725
1,205
1,304

47.50
45.50
44.50

40.0

1,282

39.5
39.0
40.5

40.0

$1.15

1.21
1.12
1.26

51.00

1.13
1.04

44.00

40.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

1.16
1.24
1.27

45.00
48.50
49.50

38.5

42.00

40.00 - 46.50
40.00 - 43.00

1.20

46.00

39.5

1.14
1.13

44.50
45.00

40.00 42.50 44.00 40.00 40.00 40.00 -

43.00

38.0

1.13

41.50

38.50 -

46.50

288
541

50.50
48.00

39.0
38.5

1.29
1.25

50.50
46.00

44.00 41.00 -

54.50
50.00

Clerks, file, class A ..... .
Manufacturing.............. .
Durable go o d s ..... .......
Nondurable goods .........
Wholesale trade ..............
Retail trade .................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ................... .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .
.
Services ............. .......

1,144
383
259
124263
187

44.50
48.00
49.50
45.50
44.50
38.00

39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

1.14
1.22
1.25
1.15
1.11
.96

44.00
48.00
48.00
46.50
45.00
38.50

40.00
43.00
44.00
42.50
40.50
35.00

-

48.00
52.00
52.00
48.50
47.00

214

44.50

38.0

1.17

44.00

42.00 -

47.00

43
54

50.00
43.50

39.0
38.5

1.28
1.13

48.00
40.00

44.00 40.00 -

55.00
44.00

Clerks, file, class B .......... .
Manufacturing ...............
Durable goods ............
Nondurable goods ..........
Wholesale trade .............
Retail trade .................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate....................
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .•
Services ...•••••............

4,122
1,213
686
527
587
386

37.50
39.00
39.00
38.50
38.00
36.50

39.0
39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.5

.96

34.50 36.00 36.50 36.00 35.00 34.00 -

40.00
41.00

.95
.92

37.00
38.00
38.00
38.00
38.00
35.50

1,519

35.50

38.0

.93

35.00

32.50 -

37.50

167
250

a . 00
36.00

39.5
38.5

1.04
.94

41.00

36.50 34.00 -

43.00
39.50

Clerks. accounting ...............
Manufacturing.........
Durable goods ............
Nondurable goods
Whole sale trade.... .........
Retail trade .................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ....................
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..
Services ....................

See footnotes at end of table.




46.00
50.00

.99
.99

.99

35.00

50.00
54.00
54.50
51.50
50.00
48.00

39.50

41.00
41.50
40.00
39.50

TABLE 1.— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Chicago, 111., by industry division, February 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
Hourly
scheduled rate
hours

Median

3/
weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

Women - Continued

362

$49.00
43.50
49.00
47.50
51.00
47.00

39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

$1.24
i.a
1.23
1.20
1.2S
1.19

$43.00
43.00
43.50
46.00
49.00
43.00

290

43.50

33.5

1.26

47.00

44.00 -

52.00

467
131

50.00
52.50

39.5
37.0

1.27
1.42

43.50
49.50

45.00 40.00 -

55.50
67.50

Clerks. order 4 / ........
Manufacturing ..... •••••.....
Durable goods ...... ..... .
Nondurable goods ..........
Wholesale trade .......... ••••
Retail trade •••••••••........
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ............. ..... .

2,197
906
274
632
464
639

43.00
43.00
43.50
41.00
46.00
39.00

39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
39.5

1.09
1.09
1.21
1.05
1.15
.99

42.00
42.00
45.00
40.00
44.50
37.50

39.00 38.00 42.50 36.50 40.00 37.00 -

46.50
46.50
52.00
44.00
49.00
40.00

160

46.00

37.0

1.24

46.00

44.00 -

49.50

Clerks, pay roll ................
Manufacturing
Durable goods ...... ......
Nondurable goods ..........
Whole sale trade .......... .
Retail trade .................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ••••...... ..........
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ••
Services ..•••••••..... ......

2,742
1,781
1,115
666
242
364

49.00
43.50
43.50
49.00
49.00

39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

1.24
1.23
1.21

1.20

44.00
44.00
43.00
45.00
44.00
43.00

-

53.50
53.50
53.50
53.00
53.00

48.00

40.0
40.0

48.50
43.00
48.00
43.50
48.50
46.00

114

50.00

33.0

1.32

50.50

44.50 -

54.50

171
70

54.50

56.00

39.5
39.0

1.33
1.44

55.00
50.50

49.50 50.00 -

60.00

Clerk-tvnists.... ...... ....... .
Manufacturing ................
Durable goods ........ ..
Nondurable goods ..... .. •••
Wholesale trade •••••••••••••••
Retail trade .................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ........ •••••.......
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ••
Services .......... .

8,391
3,023
1,662
1,361
1,343
1,034

39.0
39.5

40.50
a . 50
43.00
40.50

37.50 - 44.50
39.00 - 45.00
40.00 - 47.00
38.00 - 44.00
33.00 - 44.00

37.50

36.00 -

41.00

Clerks. general ..................
Manufacturing............
Durable goods ............
Nondurable goods .........
Wholesale trade ..............
Retail trade ............... .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ...... ..... ........
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..
Services...... ........... .

3,104
1,436
962
524
31S

See footnotes at end of table.

889110 0 - 50 - 2




41.50
42.50
43.50

1.26
1.23

$44.00
44.00
44.50
42.50
43.00
38.00

- $53.00
- 52.00
- 52.00
- 53.00
- 55.00
- 52.00

51.00

57.50

39.00

40.0
40.0

1.06
1.08
1.09
1.05
1.04
.98

2,251

40.50

37.5

1.08

40.00

36.50 -

43.50

165
575

46.00

40.0

42.50

39.0

1.15
1.09

45.00
40.50

41.00 37.50 -

46.00

41.00
a . 50

40.0
39.0

40.00

51.50

TABLE 1. — Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Chicago, 111., by industry division, February 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
Hourly
scheduled
rate
hours

Median
y
weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

Women - Continued
$32.00
34.50
34.00
34.50
32.00
35.00

- $40.00
- 40.50
- 42.50
- 39.50
- 41.00
- a . 00

Office girls ....................
Manufacturing......... .....
Durable goods ............ .
Nondurable goods ........ ..
Wholesale trade........... .
Retail trade .......... ......
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ••••••........ ••••••
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..
Services.... .

1,319
U9
193
226
170
132

$36.50
37.50
38.50
37.00
37.00
37.00

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.5

$0.92
.95
.97
.95
.93
.94

$36.00
37.00
38.00
37.00

393

34.00

39.0

.87

32.00

31.00 -

37.00

118
87

39.50
37.50

40.0
39.5

.99
.95

40.00
37.00

37.00 34.50 -

a . 00
38.50

Stenographers, general ...........
Manufacturing ....... .
Durable goods
Nondurable goods ••••••••••.
Wholesale trade •••••••••••••••
Retail trade .................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate................ .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ••
Services •••••••••.... .

12,702
5,108
2,825
2,283
2,158
837

48.50
49.50
49.00
50.00
49.00
45.50

39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

1.24
1.2$
1.24
1.27
1.23
1.15

47.50
48.00
48.00
49.00
48.50
45.00

44.00
44.50
44.50
44.50
45.00
42.00

-

52.50
53.50
52.50
55.00
52.00
48.00

2,728

46.50

37.5

1.24

46.00

42.50 -

51.00

557
1,3H

51.50
49.50

39.0
39.0

1.32
1.27

50.50
48.50

46*00 45.00 -

55.50
52.50

Stenographers, technical 4/ .....
Manufacturing •••••••••••••••••
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ........ ........... .
Services ....................

1,117
705

54.50
55.50

39.0
39.5

1.40
1.41

53.00
54.00

49.50 50.00 -

59.00
61.50

160
150

52.00
50.00

37.5
38.5

1.39
1.30

51.50

50.00

49.50 46.00 -

55.50
54.00

Switchboard operators ............
Manufacturing .•••••••........
Durable goods ............
Nondurable goods .........
Wholesale trade ..............
Retail trade ....;........,•••
Finance, insurance, and real
estate .............. ......
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..
Services •••••••••••••••......

1,550
463
302

39.0
39.5
39.5
39.0

1.18
1.22

169
277

46.00
48.00
48.50
46.50
45.00
44.00

40.0

1.19
1.13
1.10

45.00
47.00
47.00
46.00
43.00
42.00

41.00
42.50
42.50
41.00
41.00
39.00

-

50.00
52.00
52.50
50.00
46.50
47.00

369

45.00

38.0

1.18

43.50

40.00 -

47.00

156
116

50.50
43.50

39.5
39.5

1.28
1.10

51.00
42.50

43.50 40.00 -

58.00
46.50

2,139
1,044
591
453
464
129

45.50
44.50
45.00
44.00
46.50
46.50

39.5
39.5
40.0
38.5
39.5
39.5

1.15
1.13
1.13
1.14
1.18
1.18

44.50
44.00
44.00
45.00
45.00
44.50

40.00
40.50
40.50
40.00
42.00
42.50

-

48.50
47.50
49.50
47.00
50.00
48.00

143
192

41.00
44.50

37.5
39.5

1.09
1.13

40.50
44.00

38.00 40.00 -

44.50
47.00

Switchboard operatorreceptionists 4 / ..... ••••••.•••
Manufacturing .......... .
Durable goods ...... .
Nondurable goods ..........
Wholesale trade ..... ........
Retail trade............... .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ••••••••••••••.... .
Services ............ ....... .
See footnotes at end of table.



161

40.0

1.23

36.00
35.00

TABLE 1.— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Chicago, 111,, by industry division, February 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
scheduled Hourly
rate
hours

Median

3/
weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

Women - Continued
Transcribing-machine onerators.
general 4 / ................. ...
Manufacturing ...............
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Wholesale trade ......... .
Retail trade ....... ........ .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ........... .
Services.............. .....
Transcribing-machine operators,
technical .....................

1,521
549
340
209
258
90

$45.00
46.00
47.00
44*00
44.00
44.00

500
108

U

39.0
40.0
39.5

$40.50
42.00
45.00
40.00
40.00
42.00

- $48.00
- 50.00
- 50.00
- 47.00
- 47.50
- 48.00

3?. 5
39.5

$1.15
1.15
1.19
1.10
1.11
1.11

$44.50
45.00
47.00
42.00
42.50
44.50

44.00
44.00

38.5
40.0

1.14
1.10

44.00
44.00

40.50 40.00 -

46.50
46.00

48.50

38.5

1.26

49.50

43.50 -

52.00

268
171

47.00
48.00
48.00
46.50
47.50
44.50

39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

1.21
1.22
1.22
1.18
1.19
1.13

47.00
47.50
47.50
45.00
47.00
44.50

43.50
44.00
46.00
40.00
44.50
41.00

—
-

49.50
50.50
50.50
51.00
50.50
48.00

231

46.00

38.0

1.21

46.00

42.50 -

49.00

40.0

Typii#.ta., .slags. ..A................
Manufacturing ................
Durable goods ............
Nondurable goods .........
Wholesale trade .............
Retail trade ....... ........ .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate .............. ......
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..
Services ..................

1,813
792
658

81
267

49.00
45.00

38.0
39.0

1.29
1.15

48.00
45.00

40.00 - 55.00
a . 50 -

48.50

Typists, class B ................
Manufacturing ................
Durable goods .......... .
Nondurable goods
Wholesale trade
Retail trade ........... .....
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ..................
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..
Services ........... .

5,459
1,089
681
408
598
711

40.50
42.50
43.50
a . 50

1.04
1.06
1.09
1.04
1.04
.98

40.00
41.50
43.00

39.00

39.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

40.00
38.00

37.00 40.00-40.00 38.00 38.00 35.00 -

43.50
47.00
47.00
44.00
44.50
42.00

2,205

39.00

38.0

1.03

39.00

36.50 -

41.50

251
605

43.50
40.00

39.5
39.0

1.10
1.03

43.00

40.00

40.00 - 44.50

i/

13U

a . 50

40.00

37.50 -

42.00

Excludes pay for overtime,

2J The study covered representative manufacturing and retail trade establishments and trans­
portation (except railroads), communication, heat, light and power companies with over 100 workers;
and establishments with more than 50 workers in wholesale trade, finance, real estate, insurance,
and selected service industries (business service; such professional services as engineering,
architectural, accounting, auditing, and bookkeeping firms; motion pictures; and nonprofit member­
ship organizations).
2j Value above and below which half of workers* salaries fell.
jj Includes data for industry divisions not shown separately.




10

TABLE 2*— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries 1 /
in Chicago, 111*, February 1950

Weekly salaries 1 /

$20*00 » $22*4*9 •••••••••••••••••
#22.50 - #24.99 ..............

Perceni of men
t
Bookkeep­
Billers,
Clerks, Clerks,
ingmachine Book­
Clerks, Clerks,
(billing keepers, machine account­ file, general order
class B
hand
ing
machine)
°5E«T"

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_
_

_
_
-

_

$25*00
#27.50
#30.00
$32*50
#35.00

—
—
-

$27*49
#29.99
#32.49
$34*99
#37.49

•••••••••••«•••*•
..............
..............
*•••••«•••••••••*
..............

—
8.8

♦37.50
#40.00
#42.50
#45.00
$47.50

-

#39.99
#42.49
#44.99
#47.49
#49.99

..............
..............
..............
..............
..............

$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00

-

$52.49
#54.99
#57.49
$59.99
$62.49

#62.50
#65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50

-

$64.99
$67.49
$69.99
$72.49
$74.99

-

—
0.8
.8

0.3
.3
1.5

9.5
19.0
30a

0.4
.5

0.1

5.7
.9
5.3
18.6
11.0

1.5
.7
2.2
3.9

19.9
18.7
17.0
16.2
2.1

1.1
3.9
5.1
6.1
6.2

8.6
8.6
7.8
9.5
6.0

.8
3.7
2.8
9.6
6.5

5J0
1.7
6.6
2.5

..............
..............
..............
..............
.............

15.9
2.2
4.8
7.9
16.7

7.9
4.3
4.0
9.5
6.2

7.5
.8
10.8

20.3
3.5

-

8.6
9.5
8.0

.9

9.7
9.2
9.7
8.3
7.1

8.9
5.0
5.2
11.1
12.2

.............
..............
..............
..............
..............

2*2
-

7.8
9.1
7.5
5.5
5.1

_
.8
2.1
-

9.1
7.3
4.8
3.7
2.1

_
-

9.0
4.3
4.4
2.3
2.8

10.8
9.3
4.3
4.3
2.5

8.3
6.2
2.2
.9
3.1
4.1

m
m

-

2*1
-

3.6
2.6
.7
1.5
.1
.1

-

6.3
1.2
.5
.6
.1
.2

8.3
.3
1.7
.2

$75.00 - #79.99 ..............
#80.00 - #84.99 ..............
#85.00 - $89.99 ..............
#90.00 - #94.99 ..............
$95.00 - #99.99 ..............
$100*00 and over ••*••••••••••••*

—

•A

Total *.............

100,0

100*0

100*0

100.0

100*0

100*0

100*0

Estimated number of workers *•••*

227

1,313

2a

3,587

116

1,827

2,028

Average weekly salary 3/ ••••••••

$50.00

#67.00

$45.50

$58.00

See footnote at end of table,




#38.50 $58.00 $60.00

11 -

TABLE 2.— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries
in Chicago, 111., February 1950 - Continued

Percent of men

Percent of women Billers, Billers,
machine Book­
Clerks, Clerks Office Stenog­ machine
(book­ keepers,
pay roll typists boys raphers, (billing keeping hand
general machine)
machine)

Weekly salaries 2 /

#20.00 • $22*4-9 •••••••*•••••••••••*
#22.50 ■ $24*99 *••••••••*••••••••••

-

_
_
0.3
9.2

3.2
15.4
21.5
24.2

-

a
.

$27*49
#29.99
#32.49
#34.99
#37.49

••••«•*•••••«••*••••
................
................
................
................

.
.
0.9

#37.50
#40.00
#42.50
#45.00
#47.50

-

#39.99
#42.49
#44.99
#47.49
#49.99

................
................
................
................
................

2.9
6*7
2*9
8*8

7.3
5.6
35.6
33.9
4.0

12.7
11.8
6.5
3.1
.9

#50.00
#52.50
#55.00
#57.50
#60.00

-

#52.49
#54.99
$57.49
$59.99
$62.49

................
................
................
................
................

7.0
10*3
16.1
15.8
3.5

7.6
2.3
2.6
8.3
3.3

.5
.1
-

#62.50
#65.00
#67.50
#70.00
#72.50

- #64.99 ................
- $67.49 ................
- #69.99 ................
$72.49 .....................................................................................
* $74*99

1.1

6.2
3.7
1.1
2.0
.8

100.0

••...«••

Average weekly salaiy 2 /
See footnote at end of table,




761
$57.00

15.0
9.8

5.2
15.9
24.2
16.6
5.0

0.4
3.0
2.5
8.0
8.5

19.5
17.3
2.3
2.3
15.0

14.3
5.7
2.9
1.4
1.5

15.7
1.0
1.7
2.1
3.1

15.1
5.5
10.9
13.0
9.2

.6
.1
.1
1.1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3.4
5.5
2.4
2.5
.9

-

2.5
3.1

..

-

a
a

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100.0 100.0

....................................................................................

Estimated number of workers

a
.

5.5
14.7
18.5
19.7
10,8

-

-

.1

-

0.8
3.1
5.6

-

3.0
7.5
8.3

a
.

0.2
.8
2.1

-

-

a
.
#75.00 - $79.99 ................
5.3
3.7
#80.00 - $84.99 ................
#85.00 ~ $89.99 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.1
#90.00 - #94.99 .....................................................................................
.1
#95.00 - $99.99 .....................................................................................
$100*00 and over . . ....................•••*•••••••• -

-

a
.

-

_

a
.

-

#25.00
#27.50
#30.00
#32.50
#35.00

Total

i j

303 1,581

100.0
133

#45.50 $36.50 #55.00

100.0

.8
2.8

100.0

100.0

1,876

483

1,192

#46.50

#45.00

#58.00

TABLE 2*— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries
in Chicago, 111*, February 1950 - Continued

Weekly salaries 1 /

Percent of women Bookkeep­ Bookkeejv- Calculating- Calculatingmachine
ingingClerks, Clerks,
machine
operators
machine
machine
operators
account­ file,
(other than
operators, operators, (Comptometer
class A
ing
Comptometer
class A
class B
type)
_ /<ype)

♦20.00 - $22.4.9.............
#22.50 — #24*99 ••••••••••*••♦••

-

-

♦25.00
$27.50
$30.00
♦32.50
$35.00

-

$27.49
$29.99
$32.49
$34.99
$37.49

.............
.............
.............
.............
.............

.
.
-

1*7
6*1
2.7

$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
♦45.00
$47.50

-

$39.99
$42.49
$44.99
$47.49
$49.99

.............
.............
.............
.............
.............

3.2
3.5
5.5
6.1

$50.00
$52.50
♦55.00
$57.50
$60.00

-

$52.49
$54.99
$57.49
$59.99
$62.49

.............
.............
.............
.............
.............

26.8
7.4
14.7
14.3
8.4

$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50

-

$64.99
$67.49
$69.99
$72.49
$74.99

.............
.............
.............
.............
.............

4.8
1.6
.5
-

-

$75.00 ■ $79.99 ♦•••••••••••••••
$80.00 - $84.99 .............
$85.00 - $89.99 .............
$90.00 - $94.99 .............
#95*00 — #99*99 ••••••*•••*•••••
#100*00 and over ........ .

1.6
-

—
-

1 .6

-

Total .............

100*0

100*0

Estimated number of workers *••*

621

2,778

Average weekly salary j/ *•••***

♦54.50

♦44.50

See footnotes at end of table.




1 /

-

-

-

-

0.2
*9
2.1

—
0.9
1.1
3.6

0.4
2.2
5.2

1.0
1.7
6.3

8.4
11*6
17.3
21*5
12.9

5*0
14.0
12.0
17.6
14*8

7.0
20.9
11.2
23.7
8.3

10.0
17.4
10.8
14.7
10.2

8.7
21*1
17.3
14.1
11*0

11*3
3*5
2*2
*6
*1

15.1
6.5
6.2
1*5
1.0

11.4
4.9
1.6
-

11.6
5.3
3.6
3.2
1.2

9.5
2*1
2.4
1.5
2.4

.1

3.0
*1
(2 /)

—

5.4
-

1.4
1.2
1.0
.1
.3

.3
.3
.3
—

-

-

-

-

-

-

.2
-

(SO
-

(SO

-

-

100*0

100*0

100.0

4,211

446

6,636

1,144

♦47.50

$45.50

$46.00

♦44.50

100.0

- 13 -

TABLE 2.— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries
in Chicago, 111., February 1950 - Continued

Weekly salaries 2 /

$20.00 • $22.4-9 ..•••••«•••« «•••••••«.
$22.50 - $24.99 ..................

Percent of w unen c
Clerks,
Clerks, Clerks, Clerks, Clerk- Office Stenog­
file, general order
pay roll typists girls raphers,
class B
general
-

-

-

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

mm

-

-

-

4.5
21.3
14.9
21.2

(20
(20
0.4
1.5

12.3
14.5
6.9
3.0
1.1

2.8
9.8
14.4
19.3
13.5

.1

13.0
8.7
6.3
4.0
2.7

$25.00
$27.50
$30.00
$32.50
$35.00

-

$27.49
$29.99
$32.49
$34.99
$37.49

..................
................. .
..................
..................
..................

1.2
11.6
16.0
25.4

0.1
1.0
2.2

1.8
4.0
16.8

0.1
2.0

0.1
1.1
5.5
14.4

$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50

-

$39.99
$42.49
$44.99
$47.49
$49.99

..................
..................
..................
..................
..................

18.5
18.2
4.9
3.2
.5

5.5
9.6
13.2
16.8
13.2

16.8
15.3
12.3
11.9
6.9

3.8
11.9
8.4
16.0
12.5

15.9
25.3
13.6
10.9
5.8

$50.00 - $52.49 ................................
$52.50 - $54.99 ................................
$55.00 - $57.49 ..................
$57.50 - $59.99 ..................
$60.00 - $62.49 ................................

•A

.i
(20
(20

10.3
9.7
6.2
2.0
3.7

7.2
1.8
.3
1.5
2.0

14.4
10.7
7.7
3.6
4.8

3.9
1.6
1.0
.5
.1

2.8
.5
1.4
.1
.7

.2
.5
.1
.1

2.1
.6
.2

.2
(20
.1

$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50

-

$64.99
$67.49
$69.99
$72.49
$74.99

-

................................
................................
................................

-

(20

................................

-

............................. .

-

$75.00 - $79.99 ................................
$80.00 - $84.99 ................................
$85.00 - $89.99 ..................
$90.00 - $94.99 ..................
$95#00 — $99*99 •••••••••••••••••••••*
$100*00 and over ............

-

.8
-

.1

-

—
-

.1
—

.5
—
-

-

Total ..... •••••••*•«•••.

100*0

100.0

100*0

Estimated number of workers ••••••••..

4,122

3,104

2,197

Average weekly salary^ ..•••••••••..

$37.50 $49.00

See footnotes at end of table*




2 /

mm

_

•2
—
-

mm

—

—

mm

.1

-

-

-

—
-

1.0
(20
.1
(20
100.0

—
-

100.0 100.0

-

1.3
1.0
.7
.1
.2
.1
.2
—
—
100.0

2,742

8,391 1,319 12,702

$43.00 $49.00

$41.50 $36.50 $48.50

- Ik -

TABLE 2.— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries 3/
in Chicago, 111,, February 1950 - Continued

Weekly salaries i j

$20.00 - $22.4-9........
$22.50 - $24.99 ........

Percent of women TranTranSwitch­
Stenog­ Switch­ board
scribing- scribing- Typists, Typists,
machine class A
raphers, board operator- machine
class B
technical opera­ reception­ operators, operators,
tors
ists
general technical
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

$25,00
$27.50
$30.00
$32.50
$35.00

-

$27* > ••••«•••••
49
$29.99 ........
$32 . ........
4.9
$34.99 ........
$37.49 ........

$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50

-

$39.99
$42.49
$44.99
$47.49
$49.99

........
........
........
........
........

.5
4.1
10.6
11.9

$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00

-

$52.49
$54.99
$57.49
$59.99
$62.49

........
........
........
........
........

$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50

-

$64.99
$67.49
$69.99
$72.49
$74.99

-

-

-

-

-

-

1.7

0.4
1.3
6.9
17.3

« .

_

-

0,1

-

1.0
.5
2.3

0.5
.8
1.8

0.1
.8
2.3

2.3

0,2

11.3
18,4
16.0
16.9
6.1

9.0
24.3
14.0
16.3
12.3

10.7
23.0
17.4
15.2
11.5

13.6
13.6
13.6
15.9

3.4
12.6
18.2
22.0
17.5

18.2
25.2
15.9
7.3
3.8

18.5
14.7
11.7
4.3
11.5

8.7
5.6
4.2
3.2
2.1

7.6
4.3
5.1
1.1
.6

10.1
3.2
4.3
.8
.2

29.6
4.5
2.3
2.3

11.6
6.5
3.0
1.7
1.4

2.7
.5
.3
.1
.1

........
........
........
........
........

2.7
2.3
4.5
1.3
.6

2.0
.7

.8
1.5
(SO

.2
.1
.1
-

.3

(2 /)

$75.00 - $79.99 ........
$80.00 - $84.99 ........
$85.00 - $89.99 ........
$90.00 - $94.99 ..........
$95.00 - $99.99 ........
$100,00 and 0ver

.5
.1

Total ........
Estimated number of
workers ........ .....

.1
.7

-

-

-

« .

2.3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.1

-

—

_

.1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100,0

1,117

Average weekly salary ] / . , $54.50
3/ Excludes pay for overtime,
7 j Less than 0,05 of 1 percent,




-

-

100,0

100,0

-

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

44

1,813

5,459

$47.00

$40.50

1,550

2,139

1,521

$46.00

$45.50

$45.00

$48.50

- 15 -

I

TABLE 3.— Scheduled weekly hours of women in Chicago offices, February 1950

*
CO

oved ir offices in Transpor­
Finance, tation,
All
Non­ Whole­
insur­ communi­
All
Retail
manu­ Durable
cation, Services
ance,
indus­
durable sale
trade
fac­
goods
and real and other
goods trade
tries
turing
estate
public
utilities
Percent of work*

Mar ufacturi ng

Weekly hours

All offices employing w o m e n ...... ..
35 h o u r s ..... .................
Over 35 and under 375’ hours ....
3 7 i h o u r s ......................
Over 377 and under 40 hours ....
40 hour 8 ..... .................
Over 40 and under 44 h o u r s ....
44 hours .......................
Over 44 and under 48 h o u r s ....

3.8
5.1

10.0
12.4
67.4
.3
.7
.3

2.9
11.5
9.4
75.3
.4
.5
—

100.0

100.0

100.0

1QQ .0

100.0

100.0

100.0

2.7

L0Q*0 _ 3,
00,0

1.3

3.9
21.7
4.1
70.3

1.1

-

10.1
16.8

5.4

2.2

5.2
8.3
77.1

5.5

15.4

4.8

.8

30.6

1.8

8.5
3.7
10.3
15.9

27.1

.6

_

-

91.3
.4

.9
—

-

4.0

.2

-

86.5
1.5

—

1.6

.5

—

4.5
13.0
78.8

_

61.6

-

_
-

“

—

TABLE 4*~-Scheduled days in workweek of women in Chicago offices, February 1950

Days in week

Percent of work*srs employed in offices
Manufacturing
Finance,
All
All
Non­ Whole­
insur­
manu­ Durable
Retail
durable sale
indus­
ance,
fac­
goods
trade
tries
and real
goods trade
turing
estate

All offices employing women .........

100.0

5 d a y s .........................

95.1

5 b d a y s ...................... ..

6 days .........................
Other ................... •••••••




in Transpor­
tation,
communi­
cation, Services
and other
public
utilities

1Q0,0 , 100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

96.8

98.2
.9
.9

92.3
5.6
1.3

97.5
.9

91.0
1.4

98.3
1.5
-

7.6

.2

93.8
3.1
3.1

97.4

2.1

1.8

.3
2.5

-

.8

2.4
-

.8

.8

.6
1.0

TABLE 5.— Vacations with pay in Chicago offices, February 1950
Percent of workers employed in offices jn Transpor­
—
Manufacturing
Finance, tation,
All
All
Non­ Whole­
insur­ communi­
manu­ Durable
Retail
indus­
durable sale
ance,
cation, Services
fac­
goods
trade
and real and other
tries
goods trade
turing
estate
public
utilities

Vacation policy

All offices studied ........ .

100*0... 100.0

100.0

100.0

.JLPO^Q

100.0

65.6

22.7
.9
21.8

78.3

6 months service
Offices with paid vacations ...... .
Under 1 week •••••••••••••....
1 week ........................
2 w e e k s ....... ....... ........
Offices with no paid vacations .....

61.3
.7
56.8
3.8
38.7

61.5
1.6
56.9
3.0
38.5

65.2
.8
62.0
2.4
34.8

55.2
2.9
48.3
4.0
44.8

62.5
3.1
34.4

77.3

1 year of service
Offices with paid vacations ..••••••
1 week .... ........... ........
2 weeks ...... ............. .
3 weeks ........ ...............
Offices with no paid vacations .....

99.8
20.0
79.7
.1
.2

99.6
19.1
80.5
-

99.4
21.0
78.4

100.0
15.9
84.1
-

100.0
20.3
79.7
_

100.0
65.6
34.4
-

.4

.6

2 years of service
Offices with paid vacations .......
1 week
Over 1 and -under 2 weeks ••••••
2 weeks .......................
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ••••••
3 weeks .......................
Offices with no paid vacations ....

99.8
5.1
.2
94.0
.1
.4
.2

99.6
7.2

99.4
7.8
~
91.0
.6
•
.6

100.0
6.0
91.8
2.2
-

100.0
7.2
2.1
90.7

5 years of service
Offices with paid vacations •••..•••
1 w e e k ..... ......«•••••••••••
2 w e e k s ...... ................
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ......
3 w e e k s .......................
Offices with no paid vacations .....

99.8
.8
91.1
4.3
3.6
.2

99.6
-

99.4
97.5
1.9
.6

100.0
91.8
8.2
-

100.0
.7
96.3
3.0
•
-

-

91.2
.4
.8
.4

95.4
1.2
3.0
.4

...

100.0

-

-

-

-

68.8
9.5
21.7

99.9
6.5
93.4
-

.1

-

-

-

54.6
54.6
45.4

100.0
3.0
97.0
-

65.5
.
.
65.1
.4
34.5

99.9
14.6
84.5
.8
.1

100.0
6.3
93.7
-

99.9
.9
99.0
.1

100.0
1.4
98.6
-

99.9
7.5
»
91.6
.
.
.8
.1

100.0
.5
95.2
_

99.9
.9
79.8
14.5
4.7
.1

100.0
1.2
98.8
_
-

99.9
4.2
85.0
10.7
.1

4.3
-

TABLE 6.— Paid holidays in Chicago offices, February 1950

Number of paid holidays

All offices studied .............. .
Offices providing paid holidays ....
Number of holidays t
1 to 5 .....................

6 .....................
6i .........................
7,..........................
7 i .... ................. .
8,........ .............
s b ......... ...............

1 0 ........ .......
l i .........................
Offices providing no paid holidays .




•H

I

Percent of work<3rs euro]
Marlufacturinsr

offices in Transpor­
Finance, tation,
All
All
Non­ Whole­
insur­ communi­
Retail
manu­ Durable
cation, Services
durable sale
indus­
ance,
fac­
goods
trade
and real and other
tries
goods trade
turing
public
estate
utilities

2oo,o

100.0_

100.0 100.0

100.0 100.0

100.0

100.0

100^0_

100.0 100.0

100.0

100.0

98.0

99.5

99.2

99.4

98.8

.2
63.4
1.9
10.4
2.8
4.9
1.1
4.5

.4
89.1

.7
98.7

-

-

-

-

-

«

72.8

83.7

96.8

22.9

_

_

.
.

8.3

12.8
1.2

3.2

62.5
4.8
22.9

-

•
-

-

-

•5
.3

.8

—
.6

12.6
6.3
7.6
11.0
8.0
4.7
8.4
2.3

9.5
.5

3.1
-

6.6

-

_

17.7
—
-

1.2

-

—
-

-

-

•
—

2.3

-

39.1
-

_

46.5

•

7.0
—
-

—
.8

-

2.0

30.6

TABLE 7.— Formal provisions for paid sick leave in Chicago offices;
February 1950

Provisions for paid sick leave

A11 offices studied
6 months of service
Offices with formal provisions for
paid sick l e a v e ..................
Under 5 d a y s ...................
5 d a y s ......
5b days ........................
6 d a y s .... ............ ........
7 days ......... ...............
7 b days ........................
9 days ...................... .
10 d a y s ...... .......... .
12 days .................... .
15 d a y s ....... ............. ..
20 days ...................... .
Over 20 days ............. ••••••
Offices with no formal provisions
for paid sick l e a v e ..... ••••••••«

Percent of worl:ers emjDloved in offices in Transpor­
Manufacturing
Finance, tation,
All
All
Non­ Whole­
insur­ communi­
Retail
manu­ Durable
ance,
durable sale
cation, Services
indus­
fac­
trade
goods
and real and other
goods trade
tries
turing
estate
public
utilities
22Q*o__ 100.0

100^0,

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

23.9
10.0
2.5
4.1
»
—
•
6.6
.7

11.7
7.5
2.1
.9
—
•
1.2

26.4
3.4
8.5
_
3.6
—
1.5
4.9
3.5
-

9.9
2.9
6.0

.209,0 .
.

25.8
3.3
3.7
6.5
_
9.1
.7
2.5

10.2
5.9
1.7
2.6
-

.6

20.0
4.3
2.3
4.1
6.3
1.4
1.6

79.5

80.0

74.2

89.8

76.1

88.3

73.6

90.1

76.6

28.8
.7
6.1
.3
3.1

36.4
7.2
2.2
•
10.7
-

31.7
•
8.7

30.7

12.4
2.8
.8
5.0
•

28.4

4.2

5.1

2.6

2.1

1.3
5.2

6.6
1.8

28.0
1.4
2.5
3.4
_
3.2
4.8
3.6
6.4
1.7
1.0

26.4
10.0
1.0
-

1.1

34.7
7.7
2.0
.2
1.6
9.0
-

20.5
3.2
4.7
.3

4.6
.4
.4
1.2
4.1
.7
.2

.1

-

-

1.0
-

-

-

•

-

1.0

-

23.4
3.7
13.5
3.8
2.4
•
•
—

-

2.JSEE at gPTYfaa
Offices with formal provisions
for paid sick leave ........... .
Under 5 days ••••••••••........
5 days •••.••••••••........ .
5b days ...................... .
6 days •••••...••••••......... .
7 dayii .........................
9 days ........................ .
10 days •••••••••...............
11 d a y s .................. ••••••
12 days ........................
13 - 18 days .......... ••••«.•••
20 days ........................
Over 20 d a y s ..................
Offices with no formal provisions
for paid sick l e a v e ......... ..
5 years of service
Offices with formal provisions
for paid sick leave ••••••.... ....
Under 5 days ........•••••*••••.
5 days
........ .........
5 b days ................
6 days ...................... .
7 days .........................
9 days ..........•••••••••••••..
10 d a y s ...... ............... .
12 d a y s ........... ......... .
15 - 18 days ...................
20 days ....<>••••.••••••••.....
Over 20 days ...................

.1
1.0
5.6

1.5
.5
4.4

9.5
2.5
6.5
•
-

5.9

8.0

.4

.5

7.7

.7

3.0
1.5

2.6

3.7
4.2

71.2

65.3

63.6

68.3

32.9
.3
4.4
.3
3.5
.1

37.0
3.6
-

38.8

33.9
1.5

.6

1.6
5.1

2.0
.2

5.7
2.2
-

-

-

.5
4.4

3.0

2.4
_

1.2
.2
-

4.8
3.1
»

6.0

10.0

-

8.1

-

-

-

87.6

72.0

73.6

71.6

30.7

37.6

28.0

9.5

2.5
4.8

30.7
9.3
•
-

28.6

2.8
.8

1.0

.
.
3.8

2.5
6.5
-

5.0
.7

-

-

1.8
1.6

1.3
7.8
11.3

68.7

1.2

.8

2.6
2.2
21.5

2.5

3.4
12.2

7.4
4.0
7.6
11.9

8.9

5.1
21.8

6.4
1.7
9.2

Offices with no formal provisions
for paid sick leave ...............

67.0

63.0

61.2

66.1

69.3

62.4

72.0

Information not available •••••••••••

.1

-

-

-




1.3
-

69.3

3.5
5.6
15.4

2.9
2.9
2.3

-

7.7
2.8
-

-

1.2
.2

-

-

.6

7.0
-

2.8

6.1
4.8
4.1
-

71.4
-

-

18

-

TABLE 8,— Nonproduction bonuses in Chicago offices, February 1950

Type of bonus

s
Percent of woi•kers eiroloyed in office> in Transpor­
Manufacturing
Finance, tation,
All
insur­ communi­
Non­ Whole­
All
Retail
Durable
cation, Services
ance,
indus­ manu­
durable sale
trade
goods
and real and other
fac­
tries
goods trade
public
estate
turing
utilities

All offices studied ................

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Offices with nonproduction
bonuses 2 / .......................

40.8

42.9

44.3

40.5

50.8

15.9

55.1

9.7

41.4

Christmas or y e a r - e n d ........
Profit-sharing ........
Other ............ •••••••••••..

35.8
4.5
2.2

34.7
7.6
2.1

35.6
7.8
3.0

33.2
7.2
.6

43.0
7.0
2.4

15.6
.3

50.9
1.7
4.3

9.7
-

40.5
5.8
.9

59.2

57.1

55.7

59.5

49.2

84.1

44.9

90.3

58.6

Offices with no nonproduction
bonuses .......... ............. .

Unduplicated total.

1 /

TABLE 9.— Insurance and pension plans in Chicago offices, February 1950

Type of plan

Percent of vrorkers employed in off!ces in Manufacturing
Transpor­
Finance, tation,
All
All
Non­ Whole­
insur­ communi­
manu­ Durable
Retail
ance,
durable sale
cation, Services
indus­ fac­
trade
goods
and real and other
tries turing
goods trade
estate
public
utilities

All offices studied........ .

100.0 100.0

Offices with insurance or pension
plans 2 / ....... ••••••........

90.8

Life insurance.............
Health insurance ........... .
Retirement pension ...... •••••
Other .................. .

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

96.2

97.5

94.1

89.8

78.7

92.5

98.6

72.2

82.1
35.6
55.0
66.9

91.3
45.7
60.0
76.0

95.3
61.5
57.3
87.3

84.7
18.9
64.4
56.8

78.5
49.1
79.5

74.2
25.4
44.7
64.9

74.0
19.9
58.4
55.6

98.4
60.5
78.9
62.1

65.5
19.7
23.8
49.2

Offices with no insurance
or pension plans ...............

9.2

3.8

2.5

5.9

10.2

21.3

7.4

1.4

27.8

Information not available ....... .

(2/)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1/
%/

Unduplicated total.
Less than 0.05 of 1 percent




40.8

.1

- 19 -

APPENDIX A

Scope and Method of Survey
The Information presented in this "bulletin was collected " y visits of field representa­
b
tives of the Bureau to representative offices in the city surveyed. In classifying workers ty oc­
cupation, uniform job descriptions were used; they are presented in Appendix B.
No attempt was made to study all office occupations and, in general, the jobs surveyed
were those that are found in a large proportion of offices and that involve duties that are more
or less uniform from firm to firm.. The jobs studied are more representative of the salaries of
women than of men office workers.
The study covered six broad industry divisions and in each division only establishments
above a certain size were studied. Office employment in smaller establishments was not considered
sufficiently great to warrant inclusion of such establishments in the survey'. A greater proportion
of large than of small establishments was studied in order to maximize the proportion of office
workers that could be surveyed with available resources. Each group of establishments of a certain
size, however, was given only its proper influence on the information presented. The industries
included in the study* together with the minimum size of establishments and the number of establish­
ments surveyed are summarized below.

Establishments and workers in major industry divisions in Chicago, and number
studied by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, February 1950

Item

Minimum
Number of
size of
establishments
establish­
Estimated
ment
Studied
total
1/

Employment
Estimated
total
2/

In establishments
studied
Total
Office

Industry division
All divisions ...................
Manufac tur ing ................
Durable goods 3/ ..........
Nondurable goods b j ......
Wholesale trade ..............
Retail trade ...... .......
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ..... .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities 5/
Services 6 / •••••••••••......

101
101
101
51
101

2,692
1,263
725
538
562
189

360
112

51
101

51

396,980
182,610
115,630
67,010
15,200

51

901,200
530,100
3 2 7 ,1*00
202,700
70,600
127,1*00

8 3 ,9 5 0

101,550
32,870
20,830
12,010
5,560
18,070

335

5^

5 6 ,3 0 0

2 5 ,7 2 0

21,060

109
231

35
18

8 7 ,7 0 0

7 1 ,6 1 0

29,100

12,860

11,380
6,610

2,692
329

360

13b

9 0 1 ,2 0 0
5 3 9 ,0 0 0

65

^7
60

Size of establishment
All size groups ..............
5 0 1 and over .................

251 - 500 ..................
101 - 250 ..................
51 - 100 ....................

396,980

101,550
83,220
9,820

331

75

127,100

3 5 1 ,3 3 0
2 6 ,0 7 0

1,283

102

189,900

16,380

6,810

699

19

1 1 ,9 0 0

3 ,2 0 0

1,700

l/ Number of plant and office workers.
2/ Plant and office employment in Cook County.
3/ Metalworking; lumber, furniture, and other wood products; stone, clay and glass products;
professional, scientific and controlling instruments; optical goods; watches and clocks; and mis­
cellaneous manufacturing.
it/ Food and kindred products; tobacco; textiles; apparel and other finished products made from
faorics; paper and paper products; printing and publishing; chemicals; products of petroleum and
coal rubber products; and leather and leather products.
5/ Excludes railroads.
6/ Business service; such professional services as engineering, architectural, accounting,
Digitized auditing, and bookkeeping firms; motion pictures; and nonprofit membership organizations.
for FRASER


20

The information on weekly salaries excludes overtime pay and nonproduction bonuses but
includes incentive earnings. The weekly hours data refer to the work schedules for which these
salaries axe paid. Hourly rates were obtained by dividing these weekly salaries by scheduled hairs.
The number of workers presented refers to the estimated total employed in all establishments with­
in the scope of the study and not to the number actually surveyed.

Data are shown only for full-time workers, defined as those who are hired
establishment’s full-time schedule for the occupational classification.

to work the

Information on wage practices refers to all office workers except in the tabulations of
scheduled weekly hours and days in workweek for women workers. It is presented in terms of the
proportion of workers employed in offices with the practice in question. Because of eligibility
requirements, the proportion actually receiving the benefits in question may be smaller.

The summary of vacation and sick leave plans is limited to formal arrangements and ex­
cludes informal plans whereby time off with pay may be granted at the discretion of the employer
or other supervisor. Sick leave plans are further limited to those providing full pay for at least
some amount of time off and exclude health insurance even though paid for by employers.

In evaluating information on variations in salaries with size of establishment, in the
few cities in which the coverage Justifies such a summary, it should be remembered that this fac­
tor may be related to others. There is frequently an important relationship between size and in­
dustrial classification in the broad industry groups used in these surveys.




- 21

APPENDIX B

Descriptions of Occupations Studied

The primary purpose of the Bureau’s Job descriptions is to assist its
field staff in classifying workers who are employed under a variety of pay-roll
titles and different work arrangements from office to office and from area to
area, into appropriate occupations. This is essential in order to permit the
grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable Job content. Be­
cause of this emphasis on interoffice and interarea comparability of occupation­
al content, the Bureau’s Job descriptions differ significantly from those in
use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In view
of these special characteristics of the Bureau’s Job descriptions, their adop­
tion without modification by any single establishment or for any other purpose
than that indicated herein is not recommended. Where office workers regularly
perform duties classified in more than one occupation, they are generally clas­
sified according to the most skilled or responsible duties that are a regular
part of their Job and that are significant in determining their value to the
firm.

BILLERf MACHINE
A worker who prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an
ordinary typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work incidental to billing operations. Should be designated as working on billing
machine or bookkeeping machine as described below.
Billing Machine - A worker who uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices fl’ customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
am
Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of nec­
essary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which
are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of car­
bon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fan-fold machine.
Bookkeeping Machine - A worker who uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare cus­
tomers’ bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simultaneous
entry of figures on a customer’s ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates figures
on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works fjrom uniform and standard
types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPER, HAND
A worker who keeps a set of books for recording business transactions and whose work in­
volves most of the following: posting and balancing subsidiary ledgers, cash books or Journals,
Journalizing transactions where Judgment is involved as to accounts affected; posting general
ledger; and taking trial balances. May also prepare accounting statements and bills; may direct
work of assistants or accounting clerks.




22

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
A worker who operates a "bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
strand, Burroughs, National Cash Register) to keep a record of "business transactions.

Sund-

Class A - A worker who uses a "bookkeeping machine with or without a typewriter keyhoard to keep a set of records of business transactions usually requiring a knowledge of and
experience in "basic hookkeeping principles and familiarity with the structure of the particular
accounting system used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and
other records by hand.
Class B - A worker who uses a bookkeeping machine with or without a typewriter key­
board to keep a record cf one or more phases or sections of a set of records pertaining to busi­
ness transactions usually requiring same knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections
include accounts payable, pay-roll, customers1 accounts (not including simple type of billing
described under Biller, Machine), cost distributions, expense distributions, inventory control,
etc. In addition, may check or assist in preparation of trial balances and prepare control
sheets for the accounting department.
CALCULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
A worker whose primary function consists of operating a calculating
form mathematical computations other than addition exclusively.

machine to per­

Comptometer type
Other than Comptometer type
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
A worker who performs one cr more accounting operations such as preparing simple Jour­
nal vouchers, accounts payable vouchers; coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting dis­
tributions; entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling bank accounts; posting and bal­
ancing subsidiary ledgers controlled by general ledger, e.g., accounts receivable, accounts
payable, stock records, voucher Journal. May assist in preparing Journal entries. For workers
whose duties include handling the general ledger or a set of books, see Bookkeeper, Hand.
CLERK, FILE
Class A - A worker who is responsible for maintaining an established filing system
and classifies and indexes correspondence or other material; may also file this material. May
keep records of various types in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and lo­
cating material in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - A worker who performs routine filing, usually of material that has already
been classified, or locates or assists in locating material in files. May perform incidental
clerical duties.
CLERK, GENERAL
A worker who is typically required to perform a variety of office operations. This
requirement may arise as a result of impracticability of specialization in a small office or
because versatility is essential in meeting peak requirements in larger offices.
The work
generally involves the use of independent Judgment in tending to a pattern of office work from
day to day, as well as knowledge relating to phases of office work that occur only occasionally.
For example, the range of operations performed may entail all or some combination of the fol­
lowing: answering correspondence, preparing bills and invoices, posting to various records,
preparing pay rolls, filing, etc. May also operate various office machines and type as the
work requires. (See Clerk-Typist.)




- 23 -

CLERK, ORDER
A worker who receives customers * orders for material or merchandise by mail, phone,
or personally and whose duties involve any combination of the following; quoting prices to cus­
tomers, making out an order sheet listing the items to make up the order, checking prices «and
quantities of items on order sheet, distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May also check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer, ackncwledge receipt of orders from customers, follow-up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAY-ROLL
A worker who computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the
pay-roll sheets and whose duties involve: calculating worker's earnings based on time or produc­
tion records; posting calculated data on pay-roll sheet, showing information such as worker's
name, working days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. In addition, may
make out pay checks and assist the paymaster in making up and distributing the pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
CLERK-TYPIST
A worker who does clerical work requiring little special training but the performance
of which requires the use of a typewriter far a major portion of the time and whose work in­
volves typing letters, reports, and other matter from rough draft or corrected copy and one or
more of the following: keeping simple records; filing records and reports; making out bills;
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR l/
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities, records account­
ing and statistical data on tabulating cards by punching a series of holes in the cards in a
specified sequence, using a numerical key-punch machine, following written information on rec­
ords. May be required to duplicate cards by using the duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files on punched cards. May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
A worker who performs a variety of routine duties such as running errands;
minor office machines, such as sealers or mailers; opening and distributing mail,
minor clerical work. (Bonded messengers are excluded from this classification.)

operating
and other

SECBETAKY l/
A worker who performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an adminis­
trative or executive position and whose duties involve the following: making appointments for
superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making phone calls; handling per­
sonal and important or confidential mail, and writing routing correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation, either In shorthand or by ate notype or similar machine (except where tran­
scribing machine is used), and transcribing dictation or the recorded information reproduced on
a transcribing machine. In addition, may prepare special reports or memoranda for information
of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
A worker whose primary function is to take dictation from one or more persons, either
in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a normal routine vocabulary, and to

l/

Not surveyed in all cities




STMOGRAPiUHh, GENERAL - Continued
transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See
Transcribing-Machine Operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
A worker whose primary function is to take dictation from one or more persons, either
in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied technical or specialized
vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research and to transcribe this
dictation on a typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in
order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See TranscrlbingMachlne Operator.)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
A worker who operates a single or multiple position telephone switchboard, and whose
duties involve: handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office calls. In addition, may
record toll calls and take messages. As a minor part of duties, may give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers who also do typing or
other stenographic work or act as receptionists, see Switchboard Operator-Receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
A worker who in addition to performing duties of operator, on a single position or
monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and/or performs typing or other routine clerical
work as part of regular duties. This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this
worker*s time while at switchboard.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
A worker whose primary function is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple
clerical work. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a Stenographer, General.
TRANSCRIB ING-MACHINE OPERATOR, TECHNICAL
A worker whose primary function is to transcribe dictation involving a varied tech­
nical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research from
transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work. A
worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine is classified as a
Stenographer, Technical.
TYPIST
A worker who uses a typewriter to make copies of various material ar to make out bills
after calculations have been made by another person. May operate a teletype machine.
Class A - A worker who performs one or more of the following t typing material in
final form from very rough and involved draft; copying from plain or corrected copy in which
there is a frequent and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreign language copy;
combining material from several sources; or planning lay-out of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in final form.
May also type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B - A worker who performs one or more of the following: typing from relatively
clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; setting up simple
standard tabulations, or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.




U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : O — 1950-


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102