View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

OFFICE H
W ORKERS
salaries
hours of work
supplementary benefits

Bulletin




No. 992

BOSTON, MASS.
JANUARY 1950
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR • BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Maurice J. Tobin - Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Ciague - Commissioner

- 1 -

CONTENTS
Page
Number
Introduction ................ ....... .... ............ ••••••••..... •••••....... ......
Salaries of Boston Office Workers, January 1950 .•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••..•
Supplementary Wage Practices ••••••••••••....... ••••••........ «•...... ••••••••••«••••••
Tables:
1.

Salaries and weekly hours of work, by industrydivision •••••••*•••••••••.•

1
1
1

3

2 , Percentage distribution, by weekly salaries•••••............ •••••••••••••••

9

3• Scheduled weekly hours
I . Scheduled days in workweek •••••••*••...... lU
f
5. Vacations with pay ....••••.... ••••.... ••*•••••••............. ••••••.••.
6 . Paid holidays .......
7* Formal provisions for paid sick leave •••••••••••••••••••••....... •.... •«
8 . Nonproduction bonuses •••••••••••••••••••••<............ .................
9* Insurance and pension plans ......... •••••••...••••••..... ...••••••••••••

If
l

13
15
16
17

17

Appendix At
Scope and method of s u r v e y ......................... ..... •.•••••••..••••«•••

18

Appendix Bt
Descriptions of occupations studied...... ...................................

20

INTRODUCTION

Surveys of office worker salaries were conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in
more than a score of large cities during 19lf8-lf9. The survey program provides for annual resurveys
in a major city in each of 5 broad geographic areas* These cities are Atlanta, Boston, Chicago,
Los Angeles, and New York. Initial surveys will'be conducted each year in another 5 important
cities* To the extent that resources permit, salary data will also be brought up-to-date in a few
cities last covered 2 or 3 years earlier.
These surveys are designed to provide salary data for selected office occupations oh a
cross-industry basis* Data are also obtained on supplementary benefits, such as vacations, holi­
days, sick leave, and insurance and pension plans. Salary and related data are provided wherever
possible for individual industry divisions.
The Boston study was prepared in the Bureau1s Division of Wage Statistics by Bernard J.
Fahres, Regional Wage Analyst, Region I, Boston, Massachusetts. The planning and central direction
of the project was the responsibility of Toivo P. Kanninen and Louis E* Badenhoop under the general
supervision of Harry Ober, Chief of the Branch of Industry Wage Studies.







SALARIES OF OFFICE WORKERS IN BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS, JANUARY 1950 1/
Salaries
Average weekly salaries of women office workers, among 23 occupational classifications sur­
veyed in Boston, ranged from $31.50 for office girls to $4# for hand bookkeepers in January 1950*
General stenographers and clerk-typists, the 2 largest groups studied, averaged $39*50 and $34*50,
respectively stable 1). Accounting clerks were paid $39 on the average; average weekly salaries in
15 of the women*s jobs differed from this figure f y $3 or less.
c
Among the nine jobs studied for which data could be presented for men, average salaries
ranged from $31*00 a week for office boys to $66.00 for hand bookkeepers. Accounting clerks, the
largest group, averaged $50 weekly and order clerks and general clerks, other important groups, av­
eraged $52.50 and $61*00, respectively.
Comparisons of average salaries paid in the various jobs - among the six broad industry
divisions and central offices covered in the survey - revealed an earnings advantage for workers emPtoyed in offic e s of manufacturing plants and in the transportation, communication, and other public
utilities group. In manufacturing, the durable-goods industries generally paid higher salaries than
the nondurable industries. 2/
Earnings of individual workers in the jobs studied ranged from less than $25, for a few
men and women in routine jobs, to nearly $100 paid to a few men general clerks and pay-roll clerks.
Pay rates varied widely in individual jobs as well, with the greatest dispersion indicated in menfs
jobs (table 2). Although rates paid to women stenographers, for example, ranged from about $25 to
$65, nearly three-fifths of these workers were grouped in the $35 to $45 earnings bracket.
Salaries of clerical workers are generally expressed in monthly or weekly terns. In order
to allow for differences in the length of the average workweek among establishments, earnings data
are also presented on an hourly basis in table 1. The earnings advantage indicated for office woricers in manufacturing, transportation, communication, and other public utilities was narrowed con­
siderably when pay level comparisons were made in terms of average hourly earnings. Office workers
in retail trade, finance, insurance, and real estate, and in central offices averaged fewer hours of
work per week than in the other industry divisions.
Average salaries for most occupations studied in Boston increased moderately between Janu­
ary 1949 and January 1950. Although the extent to which salaries changed during the period varied
from job to job, the majority rose between 50 cents and $1.50 a week.
Men generally registered
somewhat greater salary gains during this period than did women workers;

SUPPLEMENTARY WAGE PRACTICES

Work schedules
The work schedules in Boston offices in January 1950 varied by industry division and, to a
lesser extent, within each divisional grouping of establishments. A majority of the office workers
in manufacturing and wholesale trade were on a 40-hour schedule. A third of the office workers in
retail trade were also on a 40-hour week and a similar proportion worked in offices operating on a
38 3/4-hour* schedule. Women employed in central offices were divided, in the ration of 2 to 1, be­
tween a 35-hour and a 40-hour workweek (table 3)* Comparatively few women worked more than 40 hours
weekly.
Notwithstanding the degree of variation in weeklv hours of work, 95 percent of the women
office workers were employed on a 5-day week basis (table 4)*

v. See Appendix A for discussion of scope and method of study.
2/ A listing of durable and nondurable industries is provided in footnotes to the appendix table
on page IS .




- 2 -

Paid vacations
More than two-thirds of the office workers were employed in establishments that granted
vacations with pay to workers with 6 months of service# All of the 237 establishments studied in
Boston provided paid vacations, typically of 2 weeks, after a year of service# After 5 years of employment practically all workers were entitled to paid vacations of at least 2 weeks duration and a
fourth were granted vacations exceeding 2 weeks (table 5)*
Vacation practices did not vary greatly among industry groups# The most liberal provi­
sions for employees with longer service, however, applied to workers in retail trade and finance,
insurance, and real estate where more than two-fifths of the workers were eligible for more than 2
weeks vacation leave after 5 years of service#
Paid holidays
Paid holidays were universally granted except in the retail trade group where about twofifths of the office workers were employed in establishments providing no holiday pay# With the
exception of about a tenth of the workers in the service industries, all employees in all industry
groups receiving holiday pay were granted 6 or more days a year# Nearly four-fifths of all office
workers received pay for 10 or more holidays annually (table 6) #
Practices regarding the number of holidays paid for varied considerably among the indus­
try groupso Nine-tenths of the workers in finance, insurance, and real estate were granted 11 or
more days a year, while' less than a fifth of the workers employed in manufacturing received 11 or
more holidays with pay# A majority of employees in durable-goods manufacture received pay for 8 or
less holidays a year# On the other hand, 7 out of 10 in the nondurable-goods industries and 9 of
10 in transportation communication, and other public utilities were granted 9 or more paid holidays#
Paid sick leave
About a third of the workers were in offices having formal plans providing paid sick leave
after a year of service# The amount of such leave ranged from 5 to over 20 days annually, the most
common allowance being 10 days (table 2) # Workers in manufacturing and in finance, insurance, and
real estate generally fared better than those in other industry groups in terms of number of days
allowed; more than a fourth of the workers in these two groups were in offices providing 10 or more
days a year# Many workers not covered by formal sick leave arrangements were paid on an informal
basis for time lost due to sickness# This was especially true in the central office group in which
less than a tenth of the workers were employed in establishments having formal plans#
Nonproduction bonuses
About a third of- the workers were employed in offices that supplemented regular salaries
with some type of nonproduction bonus# These usually too^c the form of Christmas bonuses of yearend payments# Bonus payments were most prevalent in nondurable goods manufacture and in the trade
groups. Over half of the workers in retail trade benefited from bonus payments# They were least
common in central offices and in the transportation, communication, and public utilities group
(table 8)#
Insurance and pension plans
One or more types of insurance or pension plans financed in whole or in part by the m h >
ployers were provided in establishments accounting for over nine-tenths of the Boston office work­
ers. Life insurance plans constituted the most widespread form of benefit in seven of eight indus­
try groups studied# More than half of the office workers were employed in establishments that re­
ported retirement pension plans (table 9).
The extent and types of plans in effect varied somewhat among industry groups#
Fourfifths of the office workers employed in transportation, communication, and other public utilities,
compared with only about a third in manufacturing, wholesale trade, services, and central offices
were in establishments that reported pension plans# With theexception of the central office group,
a fourth or more of the workers in each industry division were employed in offices with health in­
surance plans#




TABLE 1.— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Boston, Mass., by industry division, January 1950

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 7j

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

Hourly
rate

Median
2/
weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

$59.50
64.00
58.00
57.50

Men
250
40
45
28

166.00
72.00
60.50
58.00

38.5
40.0
40.0
39.0

$1.70
1.80
1.52
1.49

$66.00
75.50
60.00
60.00

108

67.50

37.5

1.80

66.00

59.50 -

76.50

57

39.00

3&.0

1.02

40.00

32.00 -

40.00

Clerks* accounting U
1,093
Manufacturing ..............
205
Durable g o o d s ....... .
125
80
Nondurable goods
Wholesale trade .............
273
Retail trade ................
40
Finance, insurance, and
real estate ...............
433
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .
61
78
Central offices ..•••••......

50.00
57.00
58.50
55.00
46.00
42.00

38.5
39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
37.5

1.30
l.U
1.47
1.40
1.15
1.12

47.00
57.00
58.50
56.50
43.00
40.00

a . 50
48.50
49.50
47.00
38.00
37.50

-

58.00
64.50
64.50
64.00
52.00

40.00

48.50

37.5

1.29

45.00

40.50 -

56.00

55.00
54.50

38.0
36.0

1.44
1.50

60.50
55.00

50.00 45.00 -

62.50
62.50

Clerks, file^ class B 4 / .........
Finance, insurance, and
real estate ...............

100

31.00

37.5

.82

30.00

29.50 -

31.00

78

31.00

37.0

.84

30.00

28.00 -

31.00

Clerks, general U ...............
Manufacturing ...............
Wholesale trade •••••........

276
75
44

61.00
66.50
60.50

39.0
40.0
41.0

1.56
1.67
1.48

63.50
64.50
52.00

50.00 60.50 52.00 -

70.00
71.50
76.00

Clerks* order 4/ ........ ........
Manufacturing ...............
Wholesale trade .............
Central offices ............ .

439
41
296
33

52.50
64.00
48.00
54.00

39.0
40.0
40.0

36.0

1.34
1.61
1.21
1.50

50.00
69.00
47.00
56.50

44.00
54.00
40.50
43.50

-

60.00
72.00
53.00
64.50

Clerks, pay roll V ........... .
Manufacturing ....... .......

122
71

57.50
62.00

39.0
40.0

1.46
1.55

59.50
60.00

50.00 56.00

63.50
64.00

Clerk-tvnists...................

80

34.50

40.0

.86

29.00

29.00 -

38.50

31.00

39.0
39.5

30.00
36.50

32.00
37.00
41.00
37.00

30.00

30.00 30.00 30.50 30.00 30.00 30.00 -

Bookkeepers| hqn^ V ..........
Manufacturing ...............
Wholesale trade •••••........
Retail trade ................
.Finance, insurance, and
real estate............ .
Bookkeening-machine operators.
claaa B .......................

Office b o y s .... ......... .......
Manufacturing .............. .
Durable goods ............
Nondurable goods .........
Wholesale trade .............
Retail trade ..... •••••••••..
Finance, insurance, and
real estate ••• •...........
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .
Services
Central offices ............ .
See footnotes at end of table




- $76.50
- 79.00
- 60.00
- 61.00

36.00

40.0

34.00
30.50

30.00

39.5
39.5
39.5

.80
.86
.90
.86
.77
.77

256

30.50

37.5

.82

30.00

28.50 -

31.50

45
146
29

33.50
30.50

39.0
39.0
37.0

.86
.78
.81

34.00

30.00
30.00

30.00 28.00 -

35.00
30.00
30.00

964
153
18
135
275
60

34.50

30.00

36.00
36.50

30.00

30.00

30.00
31.00

TABLE 1. — Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Boston, Mass., by industry division, January 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

Hourly
rate

Median
1/
weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

$33.00
32.00
34.00
30.00

Women
Billers, machine (billing
machine) ......................
Manufacturing ................
Wholesale trade .......... .
Retail trade ...... ..........
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ................ ..
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..
Services ....................
Central offices ........ .
Billers, machine (bookkeeping
machined 4 / ..............*....
Retail t r a d e .... .
Finance, insurance, and real
e s t a t e ....................
Bookkeeoers. hand U ........... .
Manufacturing ................
Durable goods .......... .
Nondurable g o o d s ...... .
Wholesale trade ........... .
Retail trade .................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ••••••••........ .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..
Services ................... .
Bookkeeoing-machine operator s•
class A 4 / ....... .............
Manufacturing ........... ..
Retail trade ........ ..... .
Bookkeening-machine operators.
class B U .....................
Manufacturing
Durable goods ••••••...... .
Nondurable goods ..........
Wholesale trade •••••••••.....
Retail trade
Finance, insurance, and real
estate .... ................

See footnotes at end of table.




936
218
251
228

$36.00

$0.92
.94
.91
.85

$35.00

33.00

39.0
39.0
40.5
39.0

122

37.00

38.5

.96

38.00

32.00 -

39.50

33
a
43

39.50
40.50

42.0
39.0
35.5

.94
1.04
1.07

38.00
38.00
38.50

36.00 35.00 33.00 -

44.00
48.50
42.00

311
112

38.50
35.50

38.0
39.0

1.02
.91

38.00
34.00

33.00 32.00 -

43.00
39.00

37.00

36.5

1.01

37.00

32.50 -

39.00

819
210
83
127
112
123

48.00
50.00
51.50
48.50
49.00
47.50

38.0
38.0
38.0
38.5
38.5
39.5

1.27
1.30
1.36
1.27
1.2S
1.20

47.00
50.00
51.00
48.00
45.00
48.50

43.00
45.00
46.50
45.00
43.00
45.00

-

53.00
52.00
52.50
50.00
50.00
53.00

107

44.00

36.0

1.22

40.00

39.00 -

50.00

35
219

54.00
47.50

40.0
37.0

1.35
1.2S

52.50
45.00

47.00 40.00 -

60.00
55.00

24-6
134
39

47.50
47.50
45.50

38.5
38.5
38.5

1.23
1.24
1.18

47.50
50.00
48.50

41.50 41.50 42.00 -

52.00
52.00
51.00

2,096
210
51
159
533
265

37.00
39.00
40.50
38.50
35.00

38.5
38.5
38.0
39.0
39.5
39.0

.96
1.03
1.04
1.03
.97
.90

37.00
39.00
39.00
38.50
38.00
35.00

34.00
36.00
39.00
36.00
35.00
33.00

1,002

36.00

38.0

.95

36.00

33.00 -

102

36.50
36.50

38.00

,

40.00

35.50
35.00
35.00

- $39.00
- 41.00
- 38.00
- 35.00

- 40.00
- 42.50
- 40.50
- 43.00
- 40.50
- 39.00
38.50

TABLE 1.— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Boston, Mass., by industry division, January 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

Median
3/
weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

38.0
39.5
39.0

$0.98
1.02
1.03
1.02
.98
.SB

$37.00
39.00
41.00
37.00
38.00
34.00

$35.00
35.00
38.00
35.00
35.00
30.50

Hourly
rate

Women - Continued
Calculating-machine operators
(Comptometer type) ......... .
Manufacturing.... ...... .
Durable goods ....... .
Nondurable g o o d s .... .
Wholesale trade ...... ......
Retail trade ............ .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ....................
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .
Services.... ...... .
Central offices ..... .
Calculating-machine operators
(other than Comptometer type)4/
Manufacturing ................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ....... ........... .

1,909
836
170
666
361
439

fi33.00
39.50
41.50
39.00
39.00
34.50

161

35.50

38.0

.93

34.50

30.50 -

38.50

63

41.50
40.00
40.50

38.5

1.07

3 8 .0

1 .0 6

40.00
39.00

37.2

1.09

38.00

37.50 37.00 37.00 -

43.00
43.00
45.00

36.00
38.50

3 8 .0

.95

40.00

38.5

1 .0 0

37.00
37.50

30.00 -

47

35.00 -

43.00,

60

37.00-

37.0

1 .0 0

37.00

35.00 -

38.50

1 .0 1

1.05

38.00
a . 00

1 .1 0

44.00

34.00 35.00 39.50 -

43.00
45.00
48.50
43.00

36.00

38.5
39.5
40.0
38.5
39.5
38.5

895

38.00

37.0

1 .0 2

240

39.0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1.18
1.03

31
IS

2a

38.5
38.5

uo.o

Clerks1 accounting ..............
Manufacturing ..... ...... ...
Durable goods ............
Nondurable goods
Whole sale t r a d e ..... .......
Retail trade ......................................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ............. .....
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities •
Services .................. .
Central offices ......... .

3,2 0 6

39.00

677
347
330
.717
392

4 1.0 0

233
52

46.50
39.00
49.00

Clerks, file, class A *4/ ........
Manufacturing
Finance, insurance, and real
estate • • • • • .... • • • • ......
Services ....... ....... .
Central offices .............

401
55

40.00

3 8 .0

44.50
39.50
38.50

Clerks, file, class B . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manufacturing ...............
Durable goods ........... ..
Nondurable goods .........
Wholesale trade .............
Retail trade ................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ....................
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .
Services ............. .
Central offices...........
See footnotes at end of table




44.00
38.00

37.00

.98
.94
.94

36.00
36.00

- $40.50
- 43.00
- 44.00
- 43.00
- 40.00
- 37.50

3 1.0 0 -

35.00

33.00-- ^ 40.00
39.00
3 1.0 0 -

37.00

33.00 -

a . 50

4 5 .5 0

42 .00 35.00 43.00 -

5 1.0 0
40 .00

1 .2 8

37.00
44.50

1.05
1.14

37.00

35.00 -

39.0

4 1 .0 0

40.00 -

43.00
52.50

1.05
.97
1.07

37.00
38.50

35.00 34.00 33.00 -

42.50
44.50

.83
.91
.94
.85
.79
.78

3 1.0 0
36.00

30.00 32.00 -

38.50
32.00
30.00

34.00 30.00 30.00 -

36 .00

30.00

29.00 -

'3 1.0 0

57.00

4 2 .0 0

234
82
19

40.00

37.5
39.5
37.5

2,380
226

32.00
36.00

38.5
39.5

161
65
216
89

37.50
33.00
31.50

4 0 .0

30.00

39.0
40.0
38.0

1,244

3 1.0 0

38.0

.82

30.00

29.00 -

32.00

35
534
36

•34.50
32.00
34.00

38.5
38.5

.89
.83
.94

34.00
32.00

31.00 30.00 30.00 -

36.50
34.00
36.00

36.0

36.00

31.00

33.50
39.50
41.00
33.00

-

6

-

TABLE 1,-— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Boston, Mass., by industry division, January 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

$47.00

39.0

9A

48.50
51.50

82
29

45.00
45.50

38.5
38.5
38.5
38.5

24.5

45.00

Median
weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

$1.21
1.26
1.34
1.16
1.17

$48.50
50.00
50.50
44.00
45.00

$42.50 - $51.50
44.00 - 51.00
50.00 - 53.50
40.00 - 50.00
44.50 - 47.00

38.5

1.16

45.00

34.00 -

52.00

Hourly
rate

2/

Women - Continued
Clerks, general Lj ...............
Manufacturing ................
Durable goods .......... .
Nondurable goods .••*••••••.
Retail trade ........ .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate .......... .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..

982
176

306

49.50

39.0

1.27

49.00

47.00 -

52.50

Clerks, order 4/ .................
Manufacturing................
Durable g o o d s ...... .
Nondurable goods •••••••••.•
Wholesale trade
..........
Retail trade

649
187
70
117
305
102

39.50
40.50
41.50
40.00
39.00
33.00

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5

.99
1.03
1.05
1.02
.99
.84

39.00
40.00
39.00
40.50
40.00
32.50

35.00
35.00
35.00
34.00
35.00
31.00

-

43.00
45.00
47.50
45.00
42.00
35.50

Clerks, pay roli 4/ ..............
Manufacturing ................
Durable goods ............ .
Nondurable goods ..........
Wholesale trade .......... .
Retail trade ..... ...........
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ............. .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..
Services .•••••••.... ........

1,642
1,000
352

41.50
a . 50
44.00
39.50
47.5C

1.07
1.05
1.11
1.02
1.18
.99

41.00

38.00

39.0
39.0
39.5
39.0
40.5
38.5

41.00
44.00
40.00
42.00
39.00

36.00
-36.00
43.00
35.00
38.50
34.00

-

46.00
45.00
47.00
43.00
60.00
43.00

96

40.50

37.0

1.10

39.50

37.00 -

47.00

126
56

45.50
43.50

39.0
39.0

1.17
1.11

45.00
37.50

42.00 36.50 -

49.50
50.00

Clerk-typists 4/ ...... ..........
Manufacturing ............... .
Durable goods ••••••«•••••••
Nondurable goods •••••••••••
Wholesale trade •••••••••••••••
Retail t r a d e ........ ........
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ............ ....... .
Services ............ ..... .

4,079
991
572
419
694
274

34.50
36.50
37.50
35.00
35.00
32.00

38.0
38.5
38.5
39.0
39.5
40.5

.91
.94
.97
.90
.90
.80

34.00
36.00
38.00
35.00
34.50

30.00

1,591
301

33.50
33.50

37.0
37.5

542
130
110
20
91
68

31.50
35.00
35.00
34.00
31.50
29.00

191

29.50

Office girls 4/ ......... -.......
Manufacturing
Durable goods
Nondurable goods ..........
Wholesale trade ..... ....... .
Retail trade ................ .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ......... .

See footnotes at end of table




648
116
239

32.00

32.00
31.00
32.00
31.00
30.00

-

38.00
40.00
41.50
37.00
39.00
33.00

.90
.90

32.50
33.00

30.00
30.00

-

35.00
35.00

38.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
38.0

.82
.88
.89
.85
.80
.77

30.00
33.50
34.00
33.50
30.00
29.00

28.00
32.00
32.00
30.50

30.00 28.00 -

32.00
40.50
41.00
37.00
32.00
30.00

37.0

.79

28.50

28.00 -

31.00

TABLE 1.— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Boston, Mass,, by industry division, January 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

Hourly
rate

Median
2/ *
weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

$35.00
$42.00
38.00 - 47.00
41.00 - 47.00
36.50 - 45.00
37.00 - 43.00
38.00
33.00'

Women - Continued
5,207
1,086
604
482
1,031
456

$39.50
43.00
44.00
42.00
a .00
35.00

38.0
39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0
37.5

$1.04
1.10
1.12
1.08
1.04
.93

$38.50
44.00
45.00
40.00

1,466

36.50

37.0

.98

34.50

33.50

39.00

233
697
23S

44.50
39.50
42.50

38.5
38.0
36.5

1.15
1.04
1.17

44.00
38.50
42.00

a .00 _
35.00 38.00 -

48.50
44.00
47.00

Stenographers, technical l / .......
\
Manufacturing ................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ............. .
Services .................. .

190
72

45.00
44.00

38.0
38.5

1.17
1.15

44.50
42.50

.
42.00 . 47.50
40.50 - 48.00

25
82

41.50
45.00

37.0
38.5

1.12
1.17

42.50
45.00

39.00
42.50 -

44.00
47.00

Switchboard operators 4/ ..... ....
Manufacturing........ .
Durable g o o d s .... .
Nondurable goods ..... .
Wholesale t r a d e ...... .......
Retail trade ................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ..... ....... .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .
.
Services .....................

860
126
56
70
154
190

39.50
45.50
45.00
46.00
36.00
37.00

38.5
39.5
40.5
39.0
39.5
39.0

1.02
1.15
1.12
1.18
.91
.95

38.50
45.50
45.50
45.00
35.00
35.00

35.00
40.00 41.00 40.00 31.00 33.00 -

43.50
50.00
49.50
54.00
37.00
42.00

289

40.00

37.5

1.07

40.00

36.00

43.00

47
39

43.50
34.00

39.5
39.0

1.10
.87

46.00
33.00

35.00 _
30.00 -

48.50
33.00

952

39.0
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
38.5

.98
.97

37.00
36.00

.96

3 6 .0 0

.98
.95
.88

36.00
36.00
35.00

34.00
34.50 34.00 35. 0 0 30-.00 30. 0 0 -

41.50

71

38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
37.50
34.00

94
161

39.00
40.00

37.5
38.0

1.04
1.05

41.00
40.00

Stenographers. general...........
Manufacturing ................
Durable goods .............
Nondurable goods ..........
Wholesale t r a d e ..... ........
Retail trade .................
Finance, insurance, and real
e s t a t e ..... ..... ........ .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .•
Services .................... .
Central offices......... .

Switchboard operatorreceptionists U •••••••••......
Manufacturing ...... .........
Durable goods ........... .
Nondurable g o o d s ..... .
Wholesale trade .... .........
Retail trade ........... .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate .............. .
Services .....................

See footnotes at end of table.

886873 0
 - 50 -2


296
94
202
292

40.00
35.00

40.00

38.00
44.50
40.00
36.00

m
•36.00 m 42.50
35.00 — 42.00

TABLE 1.— Salaries \J and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Boston, Mass., by industry division, January 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2j

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

Median
weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

40.0
40.0
39.0

$0.93
.98
1.07
.89
.94

$37.00
39.00
40.00
35.00
35.00

$33.50
35.00
39.00
30.00
35.00

.99
1.01
1.09

Hourly
rate

1/

Women - Continued
Transcribinrj-machine operators,
general l j ...... ........ ......
Manufacturing ................
Durable goods .............
Nondurable goods ......... .
Wholesale trade ..... ........
Finance, insurance, and real
estate .............. .
Services.... ...... ..... .
Central offices ..............

83A
227
117
no

55

$37.50
39.00
42.50
35.50
37.00
37.00
33.00

33.5

40.0

- $41.00
- 41.00
- 47.00
-

40.00

-

38.00

37.00
33.00
39.50

32.50
35.00 35.00 -

a . 00

378
91
26

40.00

37.5
37.5
37.0

89

39.00

39.5

.99

37.00

34.00 -

42.50

Typists, class A Lj ..............
Manufacturing .... ...........
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ................... .
Services

434
154

41.00
a .50

38.5
39.5

1.06
1.05

40.50
43.00

36.00 _
38.00 -

45.00
45.00

140
73

40.00
40.00

37.5
33.0

1.07
1.05

39.00
33.00

36.00
36.00 -

45.00
44.00

Typists, <?3,ass B 4/ ..............
Manufacturing.... .... ......
Durable goods ........ .
Nondurable goods
Wholesale trade ..............
Retail trade ...... •••••••••••
Finance, insurance, and real
estate .................... .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..
Services •••••••••..... ......

2,647
306
186
120
244
57

32.50
37.00
40.00
33.00
35.50
35.00

38.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

.85
.94

38.0

.85
.88
.92

32.00
37.00
a . 00
31.00
35.00
35.00

30.00 _
33.50 36.00 30.00 33.00 31.00 -

35.00
43.00
43.00
35.00
37.00
37.00

1,509

31.50

37.5

.34

31.00

29.50

33,00

39
477

33.50
31.50

39.0
40.0

.98
.79

37.50

30.00

33.50
30.00 —

44.50
32.00

Transcribeng-machine operators.
technical .....................

40.0

.99

40.50
46.00

1/ Excludes pay for overtime.
2/ The study covered representative manufacturing and retail trade establishments and trans­
portation (except railroads), communication, heat, light and power companies with over 100 workers;
and establishments with more than 25 workers in wholesale trade, finance, real estate, insurance,
and selected service industries (business service; such professional services as engineering,
architectural, accounting, auditing, and bookkeeping firms; motion pictures; and nonprofit member­
ship organizations). "Central offices" includes central administrative offices or general offices
of all industries except finance, insurance, and real estate.
jj/ Value above and below which half of workers* salaries fell.
l j Includes data for industry divisions not shown separately.




- 9 -

TABLE 2.— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries ] /
in Boston, Mass*, January 1950

Weekly salaries

Percent of men
Bookkeep­
Book­
ingClerks, Clerks,
Clerks, Clerks,
keepers, machine
account­ file,
general order
hand
operators,
class B
ing
class B

#20,00 ■ $22*49 #•••••••••••••«•
#22.50 - $24.99 ...............

-

#25.00
$27.50
$30.00
$32.50
#35.00

« $27*4-9
•
- $29.99
- $32.49
- $34.99
- $37.49

.•*•«•••«•••••••
...............
...............
...............
...............

-

$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
#45.00
$47.50

•
-

$39.99
$42.49
$44.99
$47.49
$49.99

................
...............
...............
...............
...............

2.8
2.4
1.2
-

#50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00

-

$52.49
#54.99
#57.49
$59.99
$62.49

...............
...............
...............
...............
...............

$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
#72.50

-

$64.99
$67.49
$69.99
$72.49
$74.99

$75.00
$80.00
$85.00
$90.00
$95.00

-

$79.99
$84.99
$89.99
#94.99
$99.99

-

-

-

Clerks,
pay roll

-

-

-

_

0.2
—
.2
2.3

_
0.8
.8
4.1

21*0
5.3
19.3
-

0.7
6.0
1.7
4.0

1.0
46.0
40.0
6.0
2.0

_
-

38.6
—
3.5

7.2
11.6
11.9
7.8
3.}

2.0
1.0
2.0
-

8.0
.4
7.6
2.9

5.0
-15.7
7.3
9.9
2.5

.8
5.8
11.5

11.6
18.0

7.0

8.1
2.7
6.9
6.1
4.8

—
•
-

18.5
2.2
3.6
1.4
5.1

10.9
12.3
5.9
2.3
3.4

12.3
3.3
4.9
24.6
4.9

...............
...............
...............
...............
.............. .

2.4
12.0
6.4
3.6
.4

5.3
—
-

5.2
3.1
.9
1.6
1.3

—
-

6.9
16.0
2.5
1.8
2.2

.7
8.7
1.1
7.1
-

6*6
1.6
1.6
—
-

...............
............ .
...............
...............
...... ........

16.0
14.8
.4
_
-

-

1.6
3.4
—
.1
-

—
—
-

14.5
2.9
1.4
1.4
.7

3.6
.9
—
-

13.1
—
3.3

T o t a l ..... *........

100*0

5.6
2.0
•A

Estimated number of workers ***« . 250
Average weekly salary 1J ...*«*«

See footnote at end of table*




$66.00

100*0
57
$39.00

_

mm

—

-

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

1,093

100

276

439

122

$52.50

#57.50

#50.00

$31.00

$61.00

TABLE 2.— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries 1 /
in Boston, Mass., January 1950 - Continued

Percent of men Weekly salaries

Clerktypists

$20.00 « $22.49
•
$22.50 ■ $24.99 «••••«•••••••

Office
boya

Percent of women Billers,
Bookkeep­ Bookkeep*
Billers,
machine
Book­
ingingmachine
(book­ keepers, machine
machine
(billing
hand
keeping
operators, operators,
machine)
machine)
class A
class B

7.5

0*2

1*1

7.5

2.4
24.2

3.2
2.9
15*2
9.6
33.1

-

-

-

-

18.4
10.0
13.5

«
•
1.2
•4
3.7

3.7
5.3

0.4
4.6
12.8
12.5
24.2

-

11.1
12.6
5.1
2.8
1.8

14*8
9.3
9.0
9.0
4.8

8.2
4.6
17.7
14.8
8.1

3.7
17.9
3.7
15.8
6.9

20.3
13.9
5.9
1.2
2.0

14.4
6.3
7.9
2.1
3.9

22.3
10.6
9.7
•4

2.0
.2
-

$25.00
$27.50
$30.00
$32.50
$35.00

-

$27.49
$29.99
$32.49
$34.99
$37.49

............
............
............
............
............

$37.50
$ 40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50

-

$39.99
$42.49
$44.99
$47.49
$49.99

............
............
............
............
............

21.4
10*0
2.5
2*5
2.5

$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00

-

$52.49
$54.99
$57.49
$59.99
$62.49

............
............
...... .....
............
............

1.2
1.2
_
1.2

-

*9
*6
-

1.9
3.2
-

$62.50
$65.00
$67*50
$70*00
$72*50

—
—
—

$64.99
$67.49
$69*99
$72*4-9
$74*99

............
............
•••••••••••*•
**•••••••••**
•••••••••*••*

1.2
-

«
.
-

—

—

3.3
1.0
2.2
.2

—
—

-

$75*00
$80*00
$85*00
$90*00
$95*00

—
•
—
-

$79*99
$84*99
$89*99
$94*99
$99.99

••••••••••**•
•••••*••••••*
••••••••••••*
•*•••••••••«•
............

-

-

-

-

-

—
-

-

37.5

3.8
-

Total *•••*••••***

100*0

Estimated number of workers *

80

Average weekly salary ! / ••••

$34.50

See footnote at end of table.




51.6
5.4
11.2
3.2
.8

1.0

6 .1

-

100*0

100.0

100.0

964

936

311

$31.00

$36.00

$38.50

mm

-

100*0

100.0

819

246

$48.00

$47.50

—

100.0

2,096
$37.00

11 -

TABLE 2.— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries 1 /
in Boston, Mass*, January 1950 - Continued

Percent of women CalculatingCalculatingmachine
Clerks, Clerks, Clerks,
machine
operators
file, Clerks,
account­ file,
operators
(other than
class A class B general
(Comptometer
ing
Comptometer
type)
_ type)

Weekly salaries ] J

$20.00 - $22.4.9.....................
$22.50 - $24.99 .....................

_

—

-

-

0.3

-

0.2

-

8.8
.6
1.9
1.9
11.8
9.0
13.6
14.0

$25.00
$27.50
$30.00
$32.50
$35.00

-

$27.49
$29.99
$32.49
$34.99
$37.49

.....................
.....................
.....................
...................
...................

1.3
3.2
9.4
10*2
28.6

15.0
4.6
6.7
3.3
27.4

.4
4.5
11.5
10.7
20.3

4.8
17.5
23*7

1.0
29.2
40.3
12.1
10.2

$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50

-

$39.99
$42.49
$44.99
$47.49
$49.99

.....................
................. .
.....................
.....................
.....................

15.5
11.7
8*9
5.6
1.5

14.5
14.1
9.1
3.7
-

9.7
15.3
7.4
7.1
5.1

8*2
15.7
5.2
3.5
4.2

2.6
3.2
.6
.6
-

$50.00 - $52.49 .....................
$52.50 - $54.99 .......................
$55.00 - $57.49 .....................
$57.50 - $59.99 ........................ .
$60.00 - $62.49 .....................

2*0
.5
1.1
.3

.8
•4

3.3
1.9
1.4
.3
.5

7.8
1.2
2*0
1.2

$62.50 - $64.99 .....................
$65.00 - $67.49 .....................
$67.50 - $69.99 .....................
$70.00 - $72.49 ............................
$72.50 - $74.99 ............................
$75.00 $80.00 $85.00 $90.00 $95.00 -

$79.99 ............................
$84.99 ............................
$89.99 ................. ..........
$94.99 ........... ................
$99.99 .... ................
Total

*•*••••**••••«••••••••

Estimated number of workers
Average weekly salary 3/

*•»•*•••••

.«••*•.••••.*

See footnote at end of table,




-

-

.4
-

-

-

-

19.3
4.5
6.9
4.8
•3

.2

-

-

.1
2.5

-

.1
-

-

-

.1

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

—

-

—

mm

.1

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100.0

100.0

100*0

1,909

241

3,206

$38,00

$36.00

$39.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100.0

100*0

100.0

401

2,380

982

$40*00 $32.00

$47.00

TABLE 2.— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries i j
in Boston, Mass., January 1950 - Continued

Percent of women Weekly salaries 3/

$20.00 - $22.49 .....................
$22.50 - $24.99 ....................

Clerks,
order

Clerks,
pay roll

Clerktypists

Office
girls

Stenog­
Stenog­
raphers, raphers,
general technical

-

-

0.3

0.7

-

-

$25.00
$27.50
$30.00
$32.50
$35.00

-

$27.49
$29.99
$32.49
$34.99
$37.49

....................
....................
....................
....................
.....................

0.9
.8
8.0
10.3
22.8

0.6
.7
8.8
6.6
12.3

2.0
11.5
26.0
16.5
15.8

4.2
28.8
43.2
9.8
3.8

1.0
2.8
6.4
12.7
17.6

_
0.5
.5
1.6

$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50

-

$39.99
$42.49
$44.99
$47.49
$49.99

.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................

10.2
18.8
14.5
3.5
3.5

8.4
18.8
12.1
16.0
4.1

10.0
10.3
3.7
2.1
.8

2.6
6.3
.6
-

13.6
16.6
8.9
10.3
2.8

5.8
21.1
21.1
24.7
13.7

$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00

-

052.49
$54.99
$57.49
059.99
062.49

.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................

2.2
1.4
2.2
.3
.5

2.9
2.5
2.6
1.2
1.4

.9
.1

-

—
-

4.3
1.1
1.2
.5
-

6.3
.5
4.2
—
-

$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50

-

$64.99
$67.49
$69.99
$72.49
$74.99

....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................

.1
-

.4
.1
—
.1
.2

—
-

—
-

.2
-

-

$75.00
$80.00
$85.00
$90.00
$95.00

-

$79.99
$84.99
$89.99
$94.99
$99.99

.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................

-

.1
.1
-

~

_

-

-

-

-

—
—
-

—
-

T o t a l ....... ............
Estimated number of workers
Average 1
weekly salary ]/

See footnote at end of table*




100.0

100.0

100.0

649

1,642

4,079

$39.50

$41.50

$34.50

100.0

100.0

100.0

542

5,207

190

$31.50

$39.50

$45.00

- 13 -

TABLE 2.— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries j/
in Boston, Mass., January 1950 - Continued

Weekly salaries 1 /

$20.00 - $22.49 .....................
$22.50 - $ 2 4 . 9 9 .....................

Percent of women TranTranSwitch­
Switch­
scribingscribingboard
board
machine Typists, Typists,
operatormachine
opera­
reception­ operators, operators, class A class B
tors
general
technical
ists

1.2

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
23.7
37.4
14.8
11.0
5.7
3.1
3.3
.5
.5

$25.00
$27.50
$30.00
$32.50
$35.00

-

$27.49
$29.99
$32.49
$34.99
$37.49

.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
....................

.6
11.0
9.9
22.3

0.4
16.0
11.9
24.4

1.9
14.6
19.2
16.4

11.2
24.7
22.5

_
_
1.6
10.4
19.8

$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50

-

$39.99
$42.49
$44.99
$47.49
$49.99

.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................

10.5
17.1
6.2
6.5
6.2

11.2
14.3
6.4
6.9
3.0

15.2
15.2
6.4
7.4
.9

14.6
5.6
7.9
1.1

15.0
12.2
11.5
• 22.1
2.1

$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00

-

$52.49
$54.99
$57.49
$59.99
$62.49

.....................
.....................
....................
.....................
....................

4.5
1.6
1.9
.2

2.2
.6
1.5
1.1

.4
2.4

$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50

-

$64.99
$67.49
$69.99
$72.49
$74.99

.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................

.2
.1
-

.1
-

$75.00
$80.00
$85.00
$90.00
$95.00

-

$79.99
$84.99
$89.99
$94.99
$99.99

.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................
.....................

-

Total .....................
Estimated number of workers
Average weekly salary 1/ ••.••••••««••

2/ Excludes pay for overtime,




-

-

-

-

-

2.1
1.6
1.1
.5
-

-

-

-

—

-

12.4
-

-

-

m
m

-

-

—

—
-

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

100.0

100.0

100.0

860

952

834

$39.50

$38.50

$37.50

-

100.0

-

100.0

100.0

89

434

2,647

$39.00

$41.00

$32.50

TABLE 3*— Scheduled weekly hours of women in Boston offices, January 1950

Weekly hours

All
indus­
tries

Percent of workers €
snnloved in offices in - .
Manufactur i-ng____
Transpor­
Finance, tation,
All
Whole­
insur­ communi­
Non­
Retail
Central
manu­ Durable
sale
cation, Services
ance,
durable
trade
offices
fac­
trade
and other
and real
goods
goods
turing
public
estate
utilities

All offices employing women «•«.

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

35 hours ........
Over 35 and under 3 7 ^ hours ...»
37§- h o u r s ................. ....
Over 3 7 £ and under 40 hours ....
40 hours •••«•••••••...... ..
Over 40 and under 44- hours .....
44 hours ............ .
43 hours ......... ..... .

7.9
17.8
16.5
18.3
37.1
.3
1.6
.5

7.8
U.9
9.2
66.4.

11.6
3.1
1.3
80.5
_
3.5
-

4.2

0.9
3.4
17.3
10.0
61.4
.4
6.6
-

5.0
14.9
5.0
37.2
32.6
1.7
3.6
-

9.9
36.9
15.1
24.9
13.2

1.5
.5
48.7
5.2
43.4

8.7
13.7
18.2
9*7
44.2

64*6
4.3

M
.7

5.5

-

1.7
—

25.9
16.6
53.3
_
-

-

_
31.1

-

TABLE A.— Scheduled days in workweek of women in Boston offices, January 1950

Percent
Manufactureihr
Days in week

All offices employing women ....
5 days ........... ............
5 £ days ....... .
6 days .......... .
Other ......... ••••..... .




All
indus­
tries

All
manu­
fac­
turing

>f workers employed in offices in Transpor­
Finance, tation,
insur­ communi­
Whole­
Central
Retail
Non­
ance,
Durable
cation,' Services offices
sale
trade
durable trade
and real and other
goods
goods
estate
public
utilities

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

94.8
3.9
.1
1.2

92.9
7.1
—

95.2
4.8
—

90.7
9.3
”

91.0
7.3
1.7

93.7
6.0
.3

98.6
1.4
-

98.5
.3
.7

84.3
3.0
12.7

lo o .a

.5

•
•

-

15

-

TABLE 5.— Vacations with pay in Boston offices, January 1950

Percent of workers emoloyed in offices in Ma nufactur: ns
Transpor­
Finance, tation,
All
All
whole­
insur­ communi­
manu­ durable Non­
Retail
Central
indus­
sale
ance,
cation, Services
fac­
goods durable
trade
offices
tries
and real and other
goods trade
turing
estate
public ,
utilities

Vacation policy

All offices studied .................

100.0

100.0

100,0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

63.9
3.4,
34.5
2.7
23.0
.3
31.1

67.7
2.3
47.2
11.0
7.2
32.3

68.0
4.3
44.1
17.1
2.5
32.0

67.4
50.7
4.4
12.3
32.6

69.6
4.9
57.3
7.4
30.4

64.9
_
64.0
#o
35.1

75.3
2.9
15.4
56.7
.3
24.7

44.7
16.1
27.5
1.1
55.3

62.4
38.8
5.7
14.5
3.4
37.6

56.9
_
39.6
11.9
5.4
43.1

1 year of service
Offices with paid vacations..... .
1 week ............. ...........
2 weeks ........................
Over 2 weeks ..................
Offices with no paid vacations..... J

100.0 100.0
7.2
6.3
84.1
90.2
8.7
3.5
- ’

100.0
1.6
91.7
6.7
-

100.0
11.4
88.6
-

100.0
11.7
88.3
_
-

100.0
21.9
78.1
-

100.0
84.4
15.6
-

100.0
17.4
82.6
-

100.0
15.1
67.1
17.8
-

100.0
10.5
81.1
8.4
-

2 years of seryice
Offices with paid vacations .........
1 w e e k ............... .........
2 weeks ............. ........
Over 2 weeks .............. .
Offices with no paid vacations .......

100.0
2.0
87.5
10.5
-

100.0
4.9
91.6
3.5.
-

100.0
1.6
91.7
6.7

100.0
8.5
91.5
-

100.0
3.2
96.8
-

100.0
100.0
-

100.0
81.1
18.9
-

100.0
.5
99.5
-

100.0
9.5
67.6
22.9
-

100.0
91.6
8.4
-

5 years of service
Offices with paid vacations .........
1 week ...... ...... .
2 weeks .......... .............
...........
Over 2 weeks
Offices with no paid vacations ......
*

100.0
1.6
72.1
26.3
-

100.0
2.9
88.9
8.2
-

100.0
1.6
91.7
6.7
-

100.0
56.3
43.7
-

100.0
100.0
-

100.0
9.5
66.3
24.2
-

100.0
87.4
12.6
-

6 months of service
Offices with paid vacations ..........
Under 1 w e e k ........ ........
1 w e e k ............ ...........
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks .......... .........
Over 2 weeks ..... ........
Offices with no paid vacations .......

-

100.0
4.3
85.9
9.8
-

100.0
3.2
96.8
-

100.0
58.9
41.1
-

-

-

TABLE 6,— Paid holidays in Boston offices, January 1950
Percent of workers enrolo ad in ofi[*ices in 'r
Transpor­
Finance, tation,
All
All
insur­ communi­
Non­
Whole­
Central
indus­ manu­ Fntrable durable sale Retail ance,
cation, Services offices
fac­
goods
tries
goods trade trade and real and other
turing
estate
public
utilities

Minufacturins
s

Number of paid holidays

All offices studied
.....
Offices providing paid holidays *
Number of holidays:
1 to 5 ......................
6 ...........................

7 .....................................................
b ................ .....................................
8 .....................................................
...................................................
9 .....................................................
7

1 0 ...........................

io£ ...................................................
1 1 .....................................................
n i ............................................... ..
12 or 12i .........................................
13 or more ......................................
Offices providing no paid holidays . . .




100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

96.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

59.4

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

—
-

.6
3.7
3.1
1.0
4*6
.5
4.4
20.6
.1
53.8

.2
1.7
1.7
4.0

—
18.0
10.9
5.4
8.2

-

25.5
4.2
10.3
14.5

.9

9.9

-

40.8

14.0
22.7

-

-

-

16.5

3.8

30.4

.5
1.3,

-

-

9.5

-

2.5
11.9

1.6
7.8

1.0

-

1.0

-

-

-

-

46.4
1.2

24.9

86.0

35.5

32.2

39.3

-

-

1.8
13.7
36.9

-

7.2
32.1

-

—
2.3
2.9

1.4

17.9

1.0

2.7

—

-

-

-

—

.2
3.3

15.6 .

-

40.6

3.6

1.0
—

3.9
54.4

—

4.9

13.2

-

-

21.8
2.7
13.6

3.0
4.1
40.4

15.3

—

TABLE 7.--Formal provisions for paid sick leave in Boston offices, January 1950

Percent of workers employed in offices in -

Provisions for paid sick leave

Transpor­
Finance, tation,
All
Whole­
Non­
All
insur­ communi­
Durable
Retail
Centra!
indus­ manu­
durable sale
ance,
cation, Services
goods
office;
trade
fac­
tries
goods trade
and real and other
turing
estate
public
utilities

100 .0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.(

35.0

36.7

.7
3.2
2.4
1.4
.5

11.3
13.3
2.3
3.1
1.7

42.1
10.1
13.5
4.3
5.9
3.3

30.8

7.7
2.4
1.3

12.7
18.1
-

36.6
4.3
10.2
5.3
3.6
1.3
7.2
4.7
-

21.4
5.1
13.7
2.6
-

39.0
7.0
1.6
11.6
16.3
2.5
-

25.5
9.4
14.1
1.2
.8

37.7
12.5
4.9
2.4
2.9
9.9
3.4
1.7

7.:
3.<
4.
:
-

65.0

63.3

57.9

69.2

63.4

73.6

61.0

74.5

62.3

92.’

35.0
4.1
1.9
1.3
.5
8.6
1.9
2.1
1.0

36.7
10.7
13.9
3.1
4.0

42.1
10.1
18.5
5.9
7.6

30.3
11.3
19.5
-

36.6
4.3
10.1
2.9
3.6
1.3
4.9
9.5
-

21.4
.9
3.3
4.2
8.0
-

39.0
.4
1.6
18.2
16.3
2.5
-

25.5
6.2
15.6
1.7
2.0

37.7
12.5
4.9
2.4
9.9
2.9
3.4
1.7

7.
3.‘
4.
-

65.0

63.3

57.9

69.2

63.4

73.6

61.0

74.5

62.3

92.'

Offices with formal provisions
for paid sick leave «................ .
5 days ................ ...... .
6 days ••••••••...... .
7 - 3 - 9 days •••••••........ .....
10 days •••••••»•••••••........ .
104 - 1 1 days ............. .
12 days •.....».... ......... .
15 - 15j days ......................
20 days ...... ..... .............. .
Over 20 days ••••••••.*..... .

36.4
36.7
4.1
10.7
1.6
1.3
16.0
9.2
•4
8.4
3.5 . 2.7
5.4
4.6
5.2

42.1
10.1
14.1
IO .3
7.6

30.8

36.6

U.3
18.2
-

35.6
.3
5.2
-

37.7
12.5
4.9
2.4
9.9
-

12 .2

3*4
4.6

7.:
3#
4.
:
_
_

23.3

39.0
.4
1.6
11.5
16.3
6.7
2.5
-

25.5
6.2
7.1
-

1.3

4.3
10.2
2.9
3.6
1.3
4.9
2.5
6.9

Offices with no formal provisions
for paid sick leave • •••«.... .

63.6

57.9

69.2

63.4

64.4

61.0

74.5

62.3

All offices studied ......... ..........
1 year of service
Offices with formal provisions for
paid sick leave •••••••••...... ......
5 days «........... ...... ........
6 days ........... ................
7 - 3 - 9 days ................. .•
10 days .......... .................
l j j - 11 days •••.......... ........
Oj
12 days ••..•••••••••....... .......
15 - 15j days .................... .
20 days .......... ............
Over 20 days ................. .....
Offices with no formal provisions
for paid sick leave ..................

10 .4

2 years of service
Offices with formal provisions
for paid sick leave ..••.•••...... ..
5 days ......................... ...
6 days ............ .......... ....
7 - 3 - 9 days ................ ..
10 days •••.•.•••••••.............. .
104 - 11 days ••••••••............. .
12 days .......... .......... .
15 - 154 days ......................
20 days ••••»••••••••••.... .
Over 20 days ........... ..........
Offices with no formal provisions
for paid sick l e a v e ....... .

13 .6

-

5 years of service




63.3

.1
-

5.7
-

-

9 2 .1

17

TABLE 8.— Nonproduction bonuses in Boston offices, January 1950

Type of bonus

Percent of worlcers emtDloved Ln offices in Transpor­
Manufacturing
Finance, tation,
All
All
Non­ Whole­
insur­ communi­
Central
manu­ Durable
Retail
indus­
durable sale
cation, Services
ance,
offices
goods
trade
fac­
tries
goods trade
and real and other
turing
estate
public
utilities

All offices studied ................ ..

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Offices with nonproduction
bonuses "iJ .......... ..............

35.2

36.8

28.2

46.2

46.0

51.6

32.4

12.6

31.3

18.6

Christmas or year-end ..... ......
Profit-sharing............ .
O t h e r ....................... .

28.1
2.1
5.8

30.0

16.1
5.4
6.7

46.2
6.1
1.9

42.0
2.4
1.6

37.4

5.7
4.4

14.4

23.3
1.6
7.5

12.6
-

31.3
-

11.7
6.9

Offices with no nonproduction
bonuses ............................

64.8

63.2

71.8

53.8

54.0

48.4

67.6

87.4

68.7

81.4

iJ

-

Unduplicated total.

TABLE 9.— Insurance and pension plans in Boston offices, January 1950

Type of plan

All offices studied ..................
Offices with insurance or pension
plans X/ ............ .............
Life insurance
Health insurance ...............
Retirement pension ..............
Other ...... ............. ••••••
Offices with no insurance or pension
plans

1/

Unduplicated total,




Percent of workers employed in offices in Transpor­
Manufacturing
Finance, tation,
All
All
Non­ Whole­
insur­ communi­
manu­ Durable
Retail
Central
indus­
durable sale
ance,
cation, Services
fac­
goods
trade
offices
tries
goods trade
and real and other
turing
public
estate
utilities

lOQ^P ...100*0,,-., -100,0
.

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

91.6

92.0

97.5

85.9

80.6

92.1

97.3

78.1
34.9
53.2
60.1

79.7
48.2
36.8
62.8

86.3
55.6
38.6
63.4

72.6
40.0
34.9
62.0

64.8
30.5
33.0
49.5

77.1
49.7
42.9
55.5

8.4

8.0

2.5

U.1

19.4

7.9

100.0

100.0

90.6

78.3

86.8

91.9
26.6
68.6
72.2

42.2
44.4
82.6
36.9

45.1
26.8
33.8
28.6

81.8
4.9
35.8
41.9

2.7

9.4

21.7

13.2

.

18

-

APPENDIX A

Scope and Method of Survey
The information presented in this “
bulletin was collected by visits of field representa­
tives of the Bureau to representative offices in the city surveyed. In classifying workers “ oc­
by
cupation, uniform job descriptions were used; they are presented in Appendix B.

No attempt was made to study all office occupations and, in general, the jobs surveyed
were those that are found in a large proportion of offices and that involve duties that are more
or less uniform from firm to firm. The jobs studied are more representative of the salaries of
women than of men office workers.
The study covered six broad industry divisions (andcentral offices) and in each division
only establishments above a certain size were studied. Office employment in smaller establishments
was not considered sufficiently great to warrant Inclusion of such establishments in the survey.
A greater proportion of large than of small establishments was studied in order to maximize the
proportion of office workers that could be surveyed with available resources. Each group of estab­
lishments of a certain size, however, was given only its proper influence on the information pre­
sented. The industries included in the study together with the minimum size of establishments and
the number of establishments surveyed are summarized below.
Establishments and workers in major industry divisions in Boston, and number
studied by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, January 1950

Item

Minimum
Number of
size of
establishments
establish­
Estimated
ment
Studied
total
1/

Employment

Estimated
total
2/

In establishments
studied
Office
Total

Industry division
All divisions.... ....... .

Manufacturing..... ••.••••••••
Durable goods 3/ ..........
Nondurable goods k/ .......
Wholesale trade •••••••••••••••
Retail trade ......... .......
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ........ .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities 5/
Services 6/ .••••••••••••••••••
Central offices

1,748

34
42
39

358,700
168,800
65,700
103,100
37,300
60,400

148,510
63,330
37,100
26,230
7,660

30,600

38,760
7,520
5,130
2,390
2,220
4,530

237
52
18

101
26
101

456
150
306
492
167

26

321

4o

43,100

18,770

17,480

101

66
222
24

20
29
15

31,000
16,300
1,800

21,440
5,210
1,500

4,300

1,748
110
179
627

237
63
36
78

358,700
158,000
61,300
100,500
38,900

148,510
119,630
13,030

101

101

26
26

1,560
1,150

Size of establishment
All size groups ..................

501 and over
251 - 500 ....................
101-250 ...................
26 - 100 ....................
l/

832

60

12,980
2,870

38,760

29,960
2,730
4,510

1,560

Number of plant and office workers.

2/ Plant and office employment in the Boston Metropolitan Area (as defined by the Bureau of the
Budget).
3/ Metalworking; lumber, furniture, and other wood products; stone, clay and glass products;
professional, scientific and controlling instruments; optical goods; watches and clocks; and mis­
cellaneous manufacturing.
k/ Food and kindred products; tobacco; textiles; apparel and other finished products made from
fabrics; paper and paper products; printing and publishing; chemicals; products of petroleum and
coal; rubber products; and leather and leather products.
5/ Excludes railroads.
6/ Business service; such professional services as engineering, architectural,
accounting,
auditing and bookkeeping firms; motion pictures; and nonprofit membership organizations.



The information on weekly salaries excludes overtime pay and nonproduction bonuses hut
includes incentive earnings. The veekly hours data refer to the work schedules for which these
salaries are paid. Hourly rates were obtained by dividing these weekly salaries by scheduled hours.
The number of workers presented refers to the estimated total employed in all establishments with­
in the scope of the study and not to the number actually surveyed.

Data are shown only for full-time workers, defined as those who are hired
establishments full-time schedule for the occupational classification.

to work the

Information on wage practices refers to all office workers except in the tabulations of
scheduled weekly hours and days in workweek for women workers. It is presented in terms of the
proportion of workers employed in offices with the practice in question. Because of eligibility
requirements, the proportion actually receiving the benefits in question may be smaller.

The summary of vacation and sick leave plans is limited to formal arrangements and ex­
cludes informal plans whereby time off with pay may be granted at the discretion of the employer
or other supervisor. Sick leave plans are further limited to those providing full pay for at least
some amount of time off and exclude health insurance even though paid for by employers.

In evaluating information on variations in salaries with size of establishment,
in the
few cities in which the coverage Justifies such a summary,
it should be remembered that this fac­
tor may be related to others. There is frequently an important relationship between size and in­
dustrial classification in the broad industry groups used in these surveys.




20

APPENDIX B

Descriptions of Occupations Studied

The primary purpose of the Bureau’s job descriptions is to assist its
field staff in classifying workers who are employed under a variety of pay-roll
titles and different work arrangements from office to office and from area to
area, into appropriate occupations* This is essential in order to permit the
grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Be­
cause of this emphasis on interoffice and interarea comparability of occupation­
al content, the Bureau’s job descriptions differ significantly from those in
use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In view
of these special characteristics of the Bureau’s job descriptions, their adop­
tion without modification by any single establishment or for any other purpose
than that indicated herein is not recommended. Where office workers regularly
perform duties classified in more than one occupation, they are generally clas­
sified according to the most skilled or responsible duties that are a regular
part of their job and that are significant in determining their value to the
firm.

BILLER, MACHINE
A worker who prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an
ordinary typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work incidental to billing operations. Should be designated as working on billing
machine or bookkeeping machine as described below.
Billing Machine - A worker who uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of nec­
essary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which
are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of car­
bon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fan-fold machine.
Bookkeeping Machine - A worker who uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare cus­
tomers’ bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally Involves the simultaneous
entry of figures on a customer’s ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates figures
on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard
types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPER, HAND
A worker who keeps a set of bool® for recording business transactions and whose work in­
volves most of the following: posting and balancirijg subsidiary ledgers, cash books or journals,
journalizing transactions where judgment is involved as to accounts affected; posting general
ledger; and taking trial balances. May also prepare accounting statements and bills; may direct
work of assistants or accounting clerks.




BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE' OPERATOR
A worker who operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
strand, Burroughs, National Cash Register) to keep a record of business transactions.

Sund-

Class A - A worker who uses a bookkeeping machine with or without a typewriter key­
board to keep a set of records of business transactions usually requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the structure of the particular
accounting system used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and
other records by hand.
Class B - A worker who uses a bookkeeping machine with or without a typewriter key­
board to keep a record ofone or more phases or sections of a set of recdrds pertaining to busi­
ness transactions usually requiring some knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections
include accounts payable, pay-roll, customers1 accounts (not including simple type of billing
described under Biller, Machine), cost distributions, expense distributions, inventory control,
etc. In addition, may check or assist in preparation of trial balances and prepare control
sheets for the accounting department.

CAIGULATING-MAC5INE OPERATOR
A worker whose primary function consists of operating a calculating
form mathematical computations other than addition exclusively.

machine to per­

Comptometer type
Other than Comptometer type

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
A worker who performs one or more accounting operations such as preparing simple jour­
nal vouchers, accounts payable vouchers; coding Invoices or vouchers with proper accounting dis­
tributions; entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling bank accounts; posting and bal­
ancing subsidiary ledgers controlled by general ledger, e.g., accounts receivable, accounts
payable, stock records, voucher journal. May assist in preparing journal entries. For workers
whose duties include handling the general ledger or a set of books, see Bookkeeper, Hand.

CLERK, FILE,
Class A - A worker who is responsible for maintaining an established filing system
and classifies and Indexes correspondence or other material; may also file this material. May
keep records of various types in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and lo­
cating material in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - A worker who performs routine filing, usually of material that has already
been classified, or locates or assists in locating material in files. May perform incidental
clerical duties.

CLERK, GENERAL
A worker who is typically required to perform a variety of office operations. This
requirement may arise as a result of Impracticability of specialization in a small office or
because versatility is essential in meeting peak requirements in larger offices.
The work
generally involves the use of independent judgment in tending to a pattern of office work from
day to day, as well as knowledge relating to phases of office work that occur only occasionally.
For example, the range of operations performed may entail all or some combination of the fol­
lowing: answering correspondence, preparing bills and invoices, posting to various records,
preparing pay rolls, filing, etc. May also operate various office machines and type as the
work requires.
(See Clerk-Typist.)




22

CIiKHK, ORDER
A worker who receives customers1 orders for material or merchandise hy mail, phone,
or personally and whose duties involve any combination of the following: quoting prices to cus­
tomers, making out an order sheet listing the items to make up the order, checking prices and
quantities of items on order sheet, distributing order sheets to respective departments to he
filled. May also check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer, acknowl­
edge receipt of orders from customers, follow-up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAY-ROLL
A worker who confutes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the
pay-roll sheets and whose duties involve: calculating worker’ earnings based on time or produc­
s
tion records; posting calculated data on pay-roll sheet, showing information such as worker’s
name, working days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. In addition, may
make out pay checks and assist the paymaster in making up and distributing the pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
CLERK-TYPIST
A worker who does clerical work requiring little special training but the performance
of which requires the use of a typewriter for a major portion of the time and whose work in­
volves typing letters, reports, and other matter from rough draft or corrected copy and one or
more of the following; keeping simple records; filing records and reports; making out bills;
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR l/
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities, records account­
ing and statistical data on tabulating cards by punching a series of holes in the cards in a
specified sequence, using a numerical key-punch machine, following written information on rec­
ords. May be required to duplica^e cards by using the duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files on punched cards. May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR

GIRL

A worker who performs a variety of routine duties such as running errands;
minor office machines,
such as sealers or mailers; opening and distributing mail,
minor clerical work.
(Bonded messengers are excluded from this classification.)

operating
and other

SECRETARY l/
A worker who performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an adminis­
trative or executive position and whose duties involve the following: making appointments for
superior; receiving people coming into office; . answering and making phone calls; handling per­
sonal and important or confidential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation, either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine (except where tran­
scribing machine is used), and transcribing dictation or the recorded information reproduced on
a transcribing machine. In addition, may prepare special reports or memoranda for Information
of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
A worker whose primary function is to take dictation from one or more persons, either
in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine,
involving a normal routine vocabulary, and to

l/

Not surveyed in all cities




-

23

-

STENCXSRAPHER # GENERAL - Continued
transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See
Transcribing-Machine Operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
A worker whose primary function is to take dictation from one or more persons, either
in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine,
involving a varied technical or specialized
vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research and to transcribe this
dictation on a typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in
order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See Transcribing Machine Operator.)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
A worker who operates a single or multiple position telephone switchboard, and whose
duties involve: handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office calls. In addition, may
record toll calls and take messages. As a minor part of duties, may give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers who also do typing or
other stenographic work or act as receptionists, see Switchboard Operator-Receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
A worker who in addition to performing, duties of operator, on a single position or
monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and/or performs typing or other routine clerical
work as part of regular duties. This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this
worker*s time while at switchboard.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
A worker whpse primary function is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcrib ing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do single
clerical work. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a Stenographer, General.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, TECHNICAL
A worker whose primary function is to transcribe dictation involving a varied tech­
nical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research from
transcrib ing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work. A
worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine is classified as a
Stenographer, Technical.
TYPIST
A worker who uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make out bills
after calculations have been made by another person. May operate a teletype machine.
Class A - A worker who performs one or more of the following: typing material in
final form from very rough and involved draft; copying from plain or corrected copy in which
$here is a frequent and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreign language copy;
combining material from several sources; or planning lay-out of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spewing; typing tables from rough draft in final form.
May also type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B - A worker who performs one or more of the following: typing from relatively
clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; setting up simple
standard tabulations, or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.




# U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 0 — 1950


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102