View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

OFFICE ■
WORKERS
salaries
hours of work
supplementary benefits

Bulletin No. 990




M IL W A U K E E , W IS C .
JANUARY 1950
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR • BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office
Washington 25, D. C. Price 15 cents




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Maurice J. Tobin - Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague - Commissioner

- i -

CONTENTS

Pag©

Number
Introduction ............. ..................... •.... .................... ..... ..... ••
Salaries of Milwaukee Office Workers, January 1950 .......
•••••
Supplementary Wage Practices.... ..... .............. ..... ..... .................. .
Tables:
1.
2.
3•
I
t.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Salaries and weekly hours of work, by industry division •.••••••••••••••••••
Percentage distribution, by weekly salaries.............••••••...........
Scheduled weekly hours ••••••••••••••••••••...... .
Scheduled days in workw ee k......... ..... .......... ................ •••••
Vacations with pay ••••••••......
•••••••
Paid holidays ....................................................... .
Formal, provisions for paid sick leave ........ •••••••••••...... ...... .
Nonproduction b o n u s e s ...... ................ ............ ................
Insurance and pension plans ••••••••••••••........ ••••••••••••.•••••••••««•#

1
1
2

3
7
11
11
12
12

13
1^
1^

Appendix A:
Scope and method of survey •••••••••••....... ••••..... ......... ••••••••••••••

15

Appendix B:
Descriptions of occupations studied

......... ........ •••••••••........

17

INTRODUCTION

Surveys of office worker salaries were conducted by the Bureau of labor Statistics in
more than a score of large cities during 19^8-49. The survey program provides for annual resurveys
in a major city in each of 5 broad geographic areas. These cities are Atlanta, Boston, Chicago,
Los Angeles, and New York. Initial surveys will be conducted each year in another 5 important
cities. To the extent that resources permit, salary data will also be brought up-to-date in a few
cities last covered 2 or 3 years earlier.
These surveys are designed to provide salary data for selected office occupations on a
cross-industry basis. Data are also obtained on supplementary benefits, such as vacations, holi­
days, sick leave, and insurance and pension plans. Salary and related data are provided wherever
possible for individual industry divisions.
The Milwaukee study was prepared in the Bureau* s Division of Wage Statistics by George
E. Votava, Regional Wage Analyst, Region IV, Chicago, Illinois. The planning and central direction
of the program was the responsibility of Toivo P. Kanninen and Louis E. Badenhoop under the general
supervision of Harry Ober, Chief of the Branch of Industry Wage Studies.







SALARIES OF OFFICE WORKERS IN MHWAUKEE, WISCONSIN, JANUARY 1950 l/

Salaries
Average weekly salaries of women general stenographers and clerk-typists, the 2 largest
groups of women clerical workers among 22 occupations studied in Milwaukee, were $^2 and $36.50,
respectively, in January 1950. The next largest group, women accounting clerks, averaged $^2 weekly.
Although weekly salary levels of women varied from $31 far office girls to $55 for hand bookkeepers,
averages for 16 of the occupational classifications fell within the $ 35-$^5 bracket (table 1 ).
Men were employed in much smaller numbers than were women in the occupations studied*
Among 6 occupations, salary levels of men varied from $33 a week for office boys to $66 for hand
bookkeepers. They were employed in larger numbers, however, as general clerks, accounting clerks,
and order clerks with average salaries grouped at the $ 5^-$56 level.
No single industry group among the 6 broad divisions represented in the study had the
highest salary levels in all occupations. However, in 3 divisions (manufacturing; wholesale trade;
and transportation, communication, and other public utilities), women's salaries were above the
all-industry level in most of the Jobs permitting comparisons.
Although
a concentration of
the 22 women's Job
class; 70 percent

salary rates varied widely in individual occupations, as indicated in table 2,
rates within narrow limits was noted, particularly among women's Jobs. In 17 of
categories, a third or more of the Individual rates were grouped within a $5 pay
of the office girls, for example, were paid between $27*50 and $ 32.50 a week.

In addition to weekly salaries, earnings data are presented on an hourly basis in table
1 to allow for differences in the length of the average workweek. The usual practice, however, is
to express salaries of clerical workers in amounts earned monthly or weekly. Due to a lower-thanaverage number of weekly hours worked in the finance, insurance, and real estate division, hourly
averages exceeded or compared favorably with the all-industry hourly averages in contrast to the
rate position indicated for this division when comparisons were made on a weekly salary basis.
Salary levels in Milwaukee offices were considerably higher in January 1950 than in the
corresponding month of 19^8, the date of a previous Bureau survey. In women's Jobs, the averages
were generally from $3 to $5 above earlier levels. A few men's Jobs showed somewhat greater in­
creases.
Unionization
Of the office employees falling within the scope of the survey, about a fourth are rep­
resented by labor organizations. Union membership is concentrated, however, in several of the
industry divisions— notably, finance, insurance, and real estate, and in transportation, conmmnication, and other public utilities. The latter industry group is almost completely organized. 2/
In the finance, insurance, and real estate division, slightly more than two-fifths of the workers
were enployed under terms of collective bargaining agreements. A comparison of salaries in this
division in union and nonunion establishments indicates that the relationship between salary rate
levels in these 2 establishment groups is not consistent as to either amount or direction among
the individual occupations.
In the remaining industry divisions, unionization, to the extent that it exists, is
typically found in the larger firms. It must be recognized that many factors interact to determine
wage levels and their internal composition in a firm, industry, or community, and that isolation
of the specific influence of any one factor is difficult.

1 / See Appendix A for discussion of scope and method of study.
2/ As a matter of policy, the Bureau does not present data separately by unionization, method
of wage payment, or other characteristics unless the smaller industry segment (for example, union
or nonunion firms, as the case may be) contains at least 25 percent of the employment.




- 2 -

SUFPIEMENTARY WAGE PRACTICES

Work schedules
Approximately four-fifths of the women office workers in Milwaukee were scheduled to
work a 40-hour week in January 1950 (table 3). About a tenth had weekly schedules of 37i hours.
In manufacturing industries, services, and in transportation, communication, and other public
utilities, schedules other than 1+ hours were rarely reported, whereas in finance, insurance, and
0
real estate offices, less than half the workers were on a io-hour week and nearly a third on a
37‘ -hour week. Schedules longer than 1 0 hours covered the highest proportion of workers In whole­
1
+
sale trade with about a fourth of the women office workers on schedules exceeding 1+ hours.
0
A 5-day workweek was typical for women office workers in Milwaukee, although a substan­
tial proportion employed In wholesale and retail trade establishments were required to work at
least 5^ days (table 1
+).
Paid vacations
Nearly half of the office workers covered by the study were employed by firms that granted
paid vacations (typically a week) after 6 months of service. Workers with a year of service, al­
most without exception, were eligible for vacations with pay, although the proportion of workers
granted 1 and 2 weeks was about equal (table 5)* The length of vacations allowed varied consid­
erably by industry. Workers with a year of service generally received 1 week in transportation,
communication, and other public utilities, whereas the usual practice was to allow 2 weeks after
the same length of service in finance, insurance, and real estate offices. After 5 years of ser­
vice, vacations of 2 weeks or longer were provided by practically all firms in each industry.
Paid holidays
Six or more paid holidays were received annually by all but a negligible number of office
employees in Milwaukee (table 6 ). Those entitled to more than 6 holidays with pay represented a
majority only in the finance, insurance, and real estate division; three-fifths of these workers
received at least 8 holidays, and a fourth received 10 or more.
Paid sick leave
About 30 percent of the Milwaukee office workers were employed in establishments that
had formal arrangements for paid sick leave after service of 1 year. Offices in the transportation,
conmunlcatlon, and other public utilities group had the greatest proportion of employees covered
by formal sick leave provisions (table 7). The amount of leave allowed varied from less than 5 bo
over 20 days under the variety of formal plans reported.
Nonproduction bonuses
Nearly two-fifths of the office workers in the study were employed by establishments that
paid nonproduction bonuses. Among all industries, the proportion of office workers in firms that
paid such bonuses varied from 28 percent in manufacturing industries to 68 percent in retail trade
(table 8). Bonuses paid at Christmas or year-end were by far the most prevalent, although estab­
lishments paying this type of bonus in the transportation, coumunication, and other public utili­
ties group generally also paid a profit-sharing bonus.
Insurance and pension plans
Milwaukee firms that paid all or part of the cost of some type of insurance or pension
plan covering their employees, accounted for more than 9 of ©very 10 office workers studied. The
most prevalent type of plan reported provided life insurance.
Establishments reporting retirement pension plans (in addition to Federal old age and
survivors insurance) employed approximately half the office workers studied. The proportion of
office workers in establishments with such plans varied from 26 percent in service industries to
88 percent in transportation, communication, and other public utilities (table 9).




TABLE 1.— Salaries J/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Milwaukee, Wis., by industry division, January 1950

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

Hourly
rate

Median
2/
weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

$ 57.00 - $74.50
60.00 - 72.00

m
hand 4/ ............
Manufacturing ...............

96
36

$66.00
65.50

41.0
41.5

$1.61
1.58

$61.50
60.00

Clarks. accounting U ..... .....
Manufacturing
Wholesale trade ............ .

391
251
75

54.00

54.50
56.00

40.0
40.0
41.0

1.35
1.36
1.37

52.00
52.50
54.00

45.50 45.00 50.50 -

62.00
62.00
62.00

.S3Lgg£a*-ss>asrqi U ..............
Manufacturing .......... ..
Wholesale trade «#.... .

365
228
105

56.00
59.00
51.00

40.0
40.0
40.0

1.40
1.48
1.28

55.50
59.00
47.00

46.00 48.50 42.50 -

65.50
68.50
59.50

Clerka. order y ................
Manufacturing ...............
Wholesale trade •..... .

235
104
90

54.50
57.00
54.00

40.0
40.0
40.5

1.36
1.43
1.33

55.50
57.50
55.50

45.50 46.00 46.00 -

63.50
66.50
63.50

Clerks, nay roll U -........ .
Manufacturing «............ .

161
148

47.50
46.50

40.0
40.0

1.19
1.16

46.00
46.00

38.00 38.00 -

56.50
55.50

Clerk-typists ...................

33

40.50

40.0

1.01

37.00

34.50 -

46.50

164
97

33.00
33.00

40.0
40.0

.83
.83

33.50
33.50

31.00 32.00 -

34.00
38.00

Billers, machine (billing
lacking) u .... ..............
Manufacturing ••••••••••••..••
Wholesale t r a d e ....... .

227
89
98

! 38.50
38.00
38.50

41.0
40.5
41.5

.94
.94
.93

38.50
38.00
38.50

34.00 34.00 34.00 -

40.50
40.00
42.00

Billers, machine (bookkeeping
machine) U ....................
Retail t r a d e ....... ...... . •

78
44

38.50
34.50

40.0
40.0

.96
.86

39.00
32.00

32.00 30.00 -

45.00
39.00

Bookkeeners. hand U ............
Manufacturing .............. .
Wholesale trade .............
Services .... ......... .

203
58
64
27

55.00
56.50
53.00
59.50

40.0
39.5
40.5
40.5

1.38
1.43
1.31
1.47

53.00
57.50
52.00
58.00

46.00
46.00
50.00
51.50

-

62.00
67.00
55.00
66.00

168
122

48.00
48.00

40.0
40.0

1.20
1.20

48.50
48.50

45.00 45.00 -

50.00

25

44.00

38.5

1.14

45.00

39.00 -

45.50

Office boys U ....... .
Manufacturing ......... .
Women

Bookkeeping-machine operators.
class A U ...... ............ .
Manufacturing
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ............. .

See footnotes at end of table.




50.00

TABLE 1.— Salaries 2/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Milwaukee, Wis., ty industry division, January 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

$35.50
37.50
41.00
34.50

Median
Hourly
rate

2/

Women - Continued
Bookke eu ing-mach ine onerator s.
Slass B y ...................
Manufacturing ........... ...•
Wholesale t r a d e ......... .
Retail t r a d e ......... ......
Finance, insurance, and real
estate

- $44.00
- 45.50
- 44.50
- 46.50

491
161
78
29

$40.00
41.50
43.50
41.00

40.5
40.0
41.5

40.0

$0.99
1.04
1.05
1.03

$40.50
40.50
43.50
40.50

211

37.00

41.0

.90

37.00

33.00 -

42.00

894
425
139
164

40.00

39.5

41.00
42.00
38.50

40.0
40.5
38.0

1.01
1.03
1.04
1.01

40.00
41.00
a .00
38.00

36.00
38.00
36.50
35.00

-

43.00
44.00
47.00
42.00

101

37.00

40.5

.91

35.00

33.00 -

40.00

122
72
34

35.50
34.00
35.00

40.0
40.0
40.0

.89
.85
.88

35.00
32.50
35.00

32.00

32.00 32.00 -

36.00

Clerks, accounting U .......... .
Manufacturing *.... .
Wholesale trade «,««.........
Retail trade
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ....................
Services............ .......

1,083
339
154
116

42.00
41.50
43.50
38.00

40.0
40.0
40.5
39.5

1.05
1.04
1.07
.96

41.00
40.00
43.00
38.50

37.00
36.50
39.00
34.00

-

47.00
46.00
45.00
42.50

240
30

40.00
42.00

39.5
40.5

1.01
1.04

39.00
40.00

34.00 36.50 -

46.00

Clerks, file, class A U ........
Manufacturing.... ........ ..

120
67

41.50
42.50

40.0
40.0

1.04
1.06

41.00
42.00

38.00 39.00 -

44.50
45.50

Clerks, file, class B U .........
Manufacturing ........... ....
Wholesale trade .............
Retail t r a d e ..... .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ................... .

806
344
84
70

33.50
33.50
34.00
30.00

40.0
40.0
40.5
40.0

.84
.84
.84
.75

33.50
33.00
34.00
30.00

30.00 31.00 30.00 28.00 -

36.00
34.50
37.00
32.00

202

33.00

39.5

.84

33.50

30.00 -

34.50

Clerks, general U ..............
Manufacturing ............ .
Wholesale trade .............
Finance, insurance, and real
estate
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .

438
173
101

44.50
45.50
42.00

39.0
40.0
40.5

1.14
1.14
1.04

44.00
44.00
a . 50

40.00 41.00 36.50 -

48.00

79

43.00

36.5

1.18

42.00

36.00 -

51.00

33

50.00

40.0

1.25

53.00

47.00 -

54.00

Calculating-machine onerators
(Cemutome ter type) (J ....... .
Manufacturing ...............
Wholesale trade ....... .....
Retail trade *•••••••••••••••»
Finance, insurance, and real
estate
.................
Calculating-machine ooerators
(other than Comotome ter tyne) U
Manufacturing •••••••••••»••••
Retail trade .............. ..

See footnotes at end of table.




38.50
38.00

51.00

47.00
44.50

TABLE 1*— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Milwaukee, Wis., by industry division, January 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
number
of
workers

weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
$0 percent
of workers

Median
Weekly
salary

Weekly
scheduled
hours

Hourly
rate

2/

Women - Continued
CJr9rf 8t prefer y ................
t
Manufacturing
Wholesale trade ...... .
Retail trade ••••••••»••••••••

308
112
68
73

$41.00
40.00
43.00
34.50

40.0
40.0
41.0
40.0

$1.03
1.00
1.0$
.86

$40.00
39.00
44.00
33.50

$34.50
34.50
39.50
32.00

Clerks, pay roll £ / .............
Manufacturing.... ......... .
Wholesale trade .............
Retail trade ............. .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities •

521
362

42
40

43.00
42.00
45.50
40.00

40.0
40.0
41.5
39.5

1.08
1.0$
1.10
1.01

41.50
41.50
37.00
40.00

36.50
36.50
35.00
37.50

-

46.50
46.00
52.00
42.00

65

46.50

40.0

1.16

45.50

42.00 -

52.00

Clerk-typists ...................
Manufacturing ............ .
Wholesale trade ....... .
Retail trade .............. .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate •••••••••••••••••••••
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .
Services .......

1,713
953
132
125

36.50
37.50
37.00
33.00

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

.92
.94
.83

36.00
37.00
37.00
32.00

32.50
34.50
33.00
30.00

-

40.00
41.50
39.50
35.00

382

35.00

39.0

.90

34.50

31.50 -

37.00

78

43

36.00
36.50

40.0
40.0

.90
.91

34.50
37.00

32.00 32.50 -

40.00
39.50

.................
Office girls
Manufacturing ...............
Wholesale trade ••••........ .

186
84
25

31.00
30.00
35.00

39.5
39.5
40.0

.78
.76
.88

31.00
29.50
34.00

29.50 29.50 32.00 -

32.00
32.00
37.00

StenosraDhers. general......... .
Manufacturing.......... ..
Wholesale trade ••••••••••••••
Retail trade ..••••..... ..
Finance, insurance, and real
e s t a t e .....
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities .
Services........ .... .

2,326
1,282
361
100

42.00
42.50
43.50
39.00

40.0
40.0
40.5
39.5

1.0$
1.06
1.07
.99

41.50
41.50
41.50
38.00

38.00
38.00
39.50
34.50

-

46.00
46.50
46.00
42.00

389

40.00

39.0

1.03

38.00

34.00 -

44.00

95
99

44.50
41.50

40.0
40.0

1.11
1.04

44.50
40.00

40.00 38.00 -

49.00
45.00

Stenographers, technical
.....
Manufacturing ...... ........

149
80

46.50
48.50

39.5

40.0

1.18
1.21

45.50
47.50

41.00 42.50 -

52.00
54.00

Switchboard oDerators U ........
Manufacturing ....... .......
Wholesale trade ........... ..
Retail trade .............. .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities •

192
73
26
47

40.50
44.00
42.00
34.50

40.0
40.0
40.5
40.0

1.01
1.10
1.04
.86

39.00
42.50
38.00
34.00

35.50
38.00
36.00
30.00

-

45.50
48.00
49.50
37.50

29

41.00

40.5

1.01

39.00

35.50 -

45.50

See footnotes at end of table.




.9U

- $47.00
- 44.00
- 47.00
- 36.00

TABLE l.— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Milwaukee, Wis., by industry division, January 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 7J

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

Median
Hourly
rate

weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

39*5

$37.00
37.00
37.00

$33.00 - $40.00
32.00 - 40.50
35.50 - 39.50

36.50
34.50

32.00

31.00 -

40.00

36.00

36.50 -

42.00

2/

Women - Continued
Switchboard operatorreceptionists 1 J ......... .
Manufacturing....... .
Wholesale trade .............
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ........... ........
Services ....................
Transcribing-machine operators,
general U ...... ......... .
Manufacturing........... .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ....................

40.0

377
171
87

$37.50
37.00

41.0

$0.94
.96
.90

60

37.00
34.50

39.0

40.0

.95

35

38.00

.86

37.00

39.00
40.50

39.5

.99

38.50

164

40.0

1.01

40.00

82

36.50

38.5

.95

36.00

32.00 -

40.50

Typists, class A 4/ ........ ..
Manufacturing...............
Finance, insurance, and real
estate •••••••.............

227
109

40.50
43.00

40.0
40.0

1.01
1.08

41.00
43.00

35.50 39.00 -

44.50
47.00

81

37.00

39.5

.94

36.50

32.50 -

42.00

Typistst cl,ass B i j .............
Manufacturing ......... .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ..... •••••••.......

674
292

34.50
34.50

39.5
39.5

.87
.87

33.50
34.00

31.00 31.00 -

37.00
37.00

280

33.50

39.5

.85

32.50

31.00

36.00

275

-

43.00

1/ Excludes pay for overtime.
2/ The study covered representative manufacturing and retail trade establishments and trans­
portation (except railroads), communication, heat, light and power companies with over 100
workers; and establishments with more than 25 workers in wholesale trade, finance, real estate,
insurance and selected service industries (business service; such professional services as
engineering, architectural, accounting, auditing, and bookkeeping firms; motion pictures; and
nonprofit membership organizations).
2 / Value above and below which half of workers* salaries fell.
i j
Includes data for industry divisions not shown separately.




TABLE 2.— Percentage distribution of vrorkers in selected office occupations, by weekly salaries 3/
in Milwaukee, Wis., January 1950

Weekly salaries 1/

$20,00 - $22.49 ...................
$22.50 - $24.99 ............. .....

Book­
keepers,
hand

-

Clerks,
account­
ing

Clerks,
general

Clerks,
order

Clerks,
pay roll

Office
boys

-

-

-

-

4.9
-

m
m

$25.00
$27.50
$30.00
$32.50
$35.00

-

$27.49
$29.99
$32.49
$34.99
$37.49

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

—
•
-

2.3
2.0
1.5

—
—
—
0.8

1.3

5.0
_
6.2
11.2

.6
10.4
28.7
32.9
3.0

$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50

-

$39.99
$42.49
$44.99
$47.49
$49.99

...................
...................
...................
...... ............
...................

—
—
x.o
5.2

4.3
5.1
6.6
10.0
6.9

4.4
3.3
8.5
15.0
3.6

10.2
8.0
4.7
9.3
6.0

11.2
6.2
2.5
13.0
3.1

17.1
2.4
-

$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00

-

$52.49
$54.99
$57.49
$59.99
$62.49

...................
...................
...................
...................
....... ...........

6.3
—
13.5
9.4
14.5

12.1
4.9
8.4
5.4
7.4

9.9
2.2
8.5
8.5
3.3

6.4
2.6
8.0
8.0
6.8

6.2
5.6
6.8
5.6
10.6

_
-

$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50

-

$64.99
$67.49
$69.99
$72.49
$74.99

...................
...................
...................
...................
...................

7.3
1.0
2.1
11.5
4.2

4.9
5.6
.8
2.3
1.8

4.9
6.6
9.3
7.4
.8

10.2
2.6
6.4
1.7
3.0

2.5
3.1
.6
-

—
-

$75.00 - $79.99 ...................
$80.00 - $84.99 ...................
$85.00 - $89.99 ...................
$90.00 - $94.99 ...................
$95.00 - $99.99 ...................
$100.00 and over ............... .

10.4
6.3
4.2

.5
1.4
1.1

1.3
.9
2.6

.6
-

—

3.8
2.6
1.0
.3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—
-

Total .................... 100.0
Estimated number of workers ••••..••
Average weekly salary 3/

See footnote at end of table*

883522 0 — 50----- 2




96
$66.00

100.0
391
$54.00

100.0
365
$56.00

100.0
235
$54.50

-

-

100.0

100.0

161

164

$47.50

$33.00

- 8 -

TABLE 2*— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations, by weekly salaries
in Milwaukee, Wis*, January 1950 - Continued

Weekly salaries 3/

$20.00 - $22.49 .................
$22*50 • $24*99 •••••••♦••••••••••

Billers,
machine
(billing
machine)

Percent of women Billers,
Bookkeep­ Bookkeep­ CalculatingBook-­
machine
machine
ingingkeepers, machine
machine
(book­
operators
hand
operators, operators, (Comptometer
keeping
machine)
class A
class B
type)
mm

-

_

-

-

mm

-

-

$25.00
$27.50
$30.00
$32.50
$35.00

-

$27.49
$29.99
$32.49
$34.99
$37.49

.................
.................
.................
.................
.................

0.4
2.6
25.1
9.3

14.1
14.1
5.1
9.0

_
_
5.9

0.6

_
5.3
3.1
12*8
13.0

—
1.5
3.9
9#7
16*2

$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50

-

$39.99
$42.49
$44.99
$47.49
$49.99

.................
.................
.................
.................
.................

26.6
19.8
8*8
3.5
-

9.0
6.4
25.6
7.7
9.0

3.9
1.0
8.9
6.4
4.4

6*0
4.2
12*5
20*2
29.0

12.6
21*2
11.8
10.0
4.7

13.0
26*3
11*4
8.8
2.9

$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00

-

$52.49
$54.99
$57.49
$59.99
$62.49

.................
.................
.................
.......... ......
.................

3.5
.4
-

—
mm

-

18.7
11.3
1.5
9.4
3.9

11.9
6*0
4.2
4.2
.6

2*9
2.4
.2
-

3.7
2.3
.3
-

$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50

-

$64.99
$67.49
$69.99
$72.49
$74.99

.................
.................
.................
........ -.......
.................

.6
—

mm

-

3.9
6*4
1.5
1.5

_

-

—

—

$75.00 - $79.99 .................
$80.00 - $84.99 .................
$85.00 - $89.99 .................
$90.00 - $94.99 .................
$95.00 - $99.99 .................
$100*00 and over **•••••.... .....

-

—
-

8.4
2*5
.5
-

—
-

—
-

-

T o t a l .............. ..

_

100.0

Estimated number of workers ***•«•

227

Average weekly salary ]/ *••••••••

$38.50

See footnote




at end of table,

100*0
78
$38.50

100*0

100*0

100*0

100*0

203

168

491

894

$55.00

$48.00

$40.00

$40.00

TABIE 2*— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations, by weekly salaries 3/
in Milwaukee, Wis*, January 1950 - Continued

Weekly salaries

$20.00 • $22*4-9 •*•••••••
•
$22.50 ■ $24*99 •••••••*•

Percent of women Calculatingmachine
Clerks, Clerks, Clerks,
operators
account­ file,
file, Clerks, Clerks, Clerks, Clerb(other than
general. order pay roll typists
class A class B
ing
Comptometer
type)

-

-

-

m
m

1.7
15.5
28.7
25.2
18.4

0.2
.2
1.8
6.4
9.1

1.3
3.6
9.7

25.8
21.7
9.2
.8

6.8
2.1
.4
.7
.4

.6

5.0
4.2
—
.8
-

.1
—
—
-

.2
.1
.3
-

-

-

-

-

•
»
-

-

-

_

5.8
5.0
12.5

#25.00
#27.50
#30.00
#32.50
#35.00

* $27*4-9
“
— $29*99
" $32*49
•
- #34.99
— $37*49

*••••••••
•••••••••
•••*•••*•
........
•••••••••

0.8
13.1
17.2
25.6

3.1
7.1
8.3
7.9

#37.50
# 40.00
#42.50
#45.00
#47.50

— $39*99
• $42*49
*
- $44.99
• $47.49
*
— $49*99

••••«••*•
•••*•••••
........
••••*••••
**•••••*•

18.0
4.9
.8
4.1
.8

14.9
13.2
13.4
8.0
6.3

#50.00
$52*49 ••••«•••*
#52.50
$54*99 •••••••••
#55.00 — $57*49 •••••••••
#57.50 “ $59*99 *•••*••••
*
#60.00 * $62*49 ••••«••«•
•

.8
•
•
.8

#62.50
$64*99
#65.00 — $ 67*49
#67.50 — $69*99
#70.00 * $72*49
•
#72.50. — $74*99

—
-

••••*•*«•
•*•••••*•
*••••••••
•••••••••
*••••«•**

#75.00 — $79*99 *••••••••
#80.00 — $84*99 *••••••••
#85.00 • $89*99 ••••••••*
#90.00 - $94.99 ....... *
#95.00 - $99.99 ........
$100*00 and over ********
Tc>tal.............
Estimatied number of
workcars *.... .
Average3 weekly salary 3/

13.1

—
,
-

1.7
1.9
8.3

0.2
5.0
19.2

15.7

17.2
20.2

16.0
21.3
13.0
5.0

7.8
10.4
11.4
6.2
2.3

11.3
16.4
12.7
9.4
2.9

12.1
13.1
9.3
2.2
.9

5.5
7.1
1.8
3.4
1.4

9.4
10.4
—
-

10.4
1.7
2.5
.8
1.5

.1
.3
.2
—

2.1
—
-

.6
-

.8
.6
.2
.4
-

-

.2
.6
-

5.7

-

-

-

—
-

100*0

100*0

100*0

100*0

100*0

100*0

122

1,083

120

806

438

308

521

#35.50

$42.00

$41.50 $33.50

-

16.5
10.4

100.0

See footnote at end of table*




8.0
5.5
2.8
.3

9.2

-

$44*50

$41.00

$43.00

-

-

100*0

1,713
$36.50

TABLE 2.— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries 2/
in Milwaukee, Wis., January 1950 - Continued

Weekly salaries 3/

$20.00 - $22.4.9 .....
$22.50 - $24.99
$25.00
$27.50
$30.00
$32.50
$35.00

-

$27.49
$29.99
$32.49
$34.99
$37.49

$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50

-

$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50

Percenti of women TranSwitch­ Switch­
Stenog­
Stenog­
board
scribingboard
Office
Typists, Typists,
raphers, raphers, opera­ operatormachine
girls
class A class B
general technical tors
reception­ operators,
ists
gAnoral
5.4
-

mm

-

-

-

0.1
12.2
29.5
22.3

-

_
12.8
11.5
8.8

15.6
19.3
14.5
10.1
6.1

10.7
22.2
15.4
15.4
6.7

18.2
5.2
11.5
13.0
6.8

14.1
11.7
3.2
3.4
3.2

9.8
24.7
9.5
5.8
4.4

10.1
15.4
17.2
7.9
3.5

8.3
7.9
1.3
3.1
-

-

4.7
3.2
1.4
1.4
.7

6.7
9.4
6.7
4.7
.7

2.1
5.2
1.0
1.0

1.9
.5
1.1
1.1
-

.4
1.8
♦4

11.5
.9
.4
—
-

-

~
-

.1
.1
—
-

.7
.7
-

.5
-

-

-

—
-

-

.1
-

—
-

_
-

M
-

«
•
-

-

-

.....
«••••
.....

$39.99
$42.49
$44.99
$47.49
$49.99

.....
•••••
•••••
•••••
•••••

2.7
4.3
-

-

$52.49
$54.99
$57.49
$59.99
$62.49

... ..
•••••
«... *
.....
•••••

-

$64.99
$67.49
$69.99
$72.49
$74.99

•••••
•••••
.....
•••••

mm

«

-

Total ....,

100.0

Estimated number of
workers ••••••••••.

186

$31.00

100.0

100.0

2,326

149

192

$42.00

$46.50

$40.50

100.0

Excludes pay for overtime,




-

—
8.7
10.5
24.0

—
-

Average weekly
salary ]/*••*

-

2.4
19.8
12.2
25.4

0.5
3.7
7.7
10.8

$75.00 - $79.99 .....
$80.00 - $84.99 •••••
$85.00 - $89.99 •••••
$90.00 - $94.99
$95.00 - $99.99 • ••••
$100*00 and over

mm

1.6
.5
7.3
6.8
19.3

.5
32.8
37.1
14.0
3.2

••••«

-

100.0

377

$37.50

100.0

275

$39.00

100.0

15.3

100.0

227

674

$40.50

$34.50

TABLE 3 #— ■
Scheduled weekly hours for women in Milwaukee offices, January 1950

Weekly hours

All offices employing women .......

35

hours .................. .
Over 35 and under 37J h o u r s ......
-3 - - hours .................. .
7g
Over 37^- and under 40 h o u r s ......
40 h o u r s ....................... .
Over 40 and under 44 h o u r s .......
44 hours ........ ................
Over 44 and under 48 h o u r s ...... .

Percent of workers employed in offices in Transpor­
tation,
Finance,
All
Manu­ Whole­
communi­
indus­ factur­ sale Retail insurance, cation, Services
and real and other
tries
trade trade
ing
estate
public
utilities

100.0

100.0 100.0 100.0

100.0

8.3

.8

9.7

2.6
80.5
2.3
2.9
.3

100.0

1.2

0.9

4«4

1.8
2.6

94.6

70.8

-

.2

-

.8
—

13.8
11.0
—

-

3.0

6.2
78.1
-

4.4
—

3.1

32.0
8.8
45.8
4.0
5.1

100.0
-

-

-

-

-

96.0
4.0

5.7
88.9
3.6

1.6
.2

TABLE A.— Scheduled days in workweek of women in Milwaukee offices, January 1950

Days in week

Percent of wor cers employed in offices in Transpor­
tation,
Finance,
Manu­ Whole­
All
communi­
Retail insurance,
indus­ factur­ sale
cation, Services
and real
trade
ing
tries
trade
and other
estate
public
utilities

All offices employing women .......

100.0

5 d a y s ..........................
5| days .........................
6 d a y s ...... ....................

93.6
5.0
.9
.5

Other ............................




100.0 100.0 100.0
97.0
3.0
*
•

74.0

26.0
-

87.3
3.4

6.6

2.7

100.0

100.0

100.0

96.6

94.4

1.7
1.7
—

1.6

92.9
7.1

-

-

4.0

—

12

TABLE 5#— Vacations with pay in Milwaukee offices, January 1950

Percent of workers employed in offices in-Transpor­
tation,
Finance,
communi­
All
Manu­ Whole­
Retail insurance*
cation, Services
indus­ factur­ sale
and real
trade
and other
trade
ing
tries
estate
public
utilities

Vacation policy

100.0

All offices studied ....... ..

6*months

48.9
3.6
43.4

51.1

49.1
5.9
41.8
1.4
50.9

99.8

99.7

100.0 100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

0 .$

81.8
4.2
52.5
24.3

of service

Offices with paid vacations ....
Under 1 w e e k .............
1 week ........ ........ .
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ..
2 weeks ..................
3 weeks •.................
Offices with no paid vacations .

1

100.0

1.0
.9

a/)

40.2

71.6

56.5

-

-

-

-

40.2

71.6
28.4

55.6
.9
43.5

.5
99.5

100.0 100.0
42.0 46.9

100.0

100.0
92.8

-

59.8

.8

18.2

vear of service

Offices with paid vacations ....
1 w e e k ................
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ..
2 weeks ............... .
3 weeks ..................
Offices with no paid vacations •

51.0

.2
48.6

a /)
.2

64.2
—
35.5

—

58.0

53.1

7.5
—
92.$

2.2
5.0

-

-

-

-

-

.3

-

-

-

-

100.0
9.5

.8

88.9
.8
-

5 years of service
Offices with paid vacations ....
1 w e e k ..................
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ..
2 w e e k s ..............••••
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ..
3 weeks ..................
1/

100.0
1.8
.7

96.1
1.2

100.0 100.0 100.0
2.5

1.2

96.3
-

.2

3.3
96.7
—

.5
-

96.0
3.5

100.0
95.2
4.8
—

100.0

100.0
2.0

100.0

90.1

—

—

7.1

.8

Less than 0.05 of 1 percent.
TABLE

6.—

Paid holidays in Milwaukee offices, January 1950

Number of paid holidays

All offices studied ...........
Offices providing paid holidays
Number of holidays:
1 to 5 ................
6 .....................
Q ......... ..........
7 ....................
8 ....................
....................
9 .....................
9 k ....................
10 ....................
11 ....................
n i ....................
Offices providing no paid
holidays ......................
1/ Less than 0.05 of 1 percent.



Percent of wor ters employed in offices in
Transpor­
tation,
Finance, communi­
All
Manu­ Whole­
indus­ factur­ sale Retail insurance, cation, Services
and real and other
tries
ing
trade trade
estate
public
utilities
100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

99.4

100.0

93.4

100.0

100.0

99.7

99.0

98.8
.6
.6
—
-

76.6
14.7
1.2
.9
-

97.6
2.4
—
-

_
22.4
11.0
3.4
9.9
15.9
9.7
2.6
20.1
3.5
1.5

74.2
25.5
_

.8
87.0
7.6
3.6

-

-

-

6.6

—

—

a/)

80.9
2.1
4.1
2.4
2.9
1.8
.5
3.8
.6
.3

.6

-

.3

1.0

- 13 TABLE 7.— Formal provisions for paid sick leave in Milwaukee offices, January 1950

Provisions for paid sick leave

All offices studied ...............

6

Percent of workers enroleyed in oi'fices in •
Transpor­
tation,
Finance,
All
communi­
Manu­ Whole­
Retail insurance, cation, Services
indus­ factur­ sale
and real
trade
and other
trade
tries
ing
estate
public
utilities

100.0

100.0 100.0 100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

24.3
14.3
3.4
2.9
.4
3.3
-

47.5
47.5
-

7.6
7.6

73.1

52.5

92.4

months of service

Offices with formal provisions for
paid sick leave ................
Under 5 days .................
5 days .....................
6 days ...................
7 days ......... ....... ..
10 days ......................
12 days ......................
15 days ••.•••••••............
20 d a y s ..... ......... ......
Offices with no formal provisions
for paid sick leave .............
Information not available •••••••••

1

18.2
3.7

13.5
-

10.6
1.2

12.2
-

24.2
6.5
5.2

9.8
7.8

6.1

2.0
-

.5
i.i

1.0

.3

.3
-

6.4
-

81.3

86.5

75.8

.2
.6

-

-

27.9
1.7

23.9

13.4

15.0

43.4
4.0
5.2

1.2

13.8
10.9
9.5

.5

90.2
-

2.6

-

-

year of service

Offices with formal provisions for
paid sick leave ................ .
Under 5 days ................
5 d a y s ..... ................
6 days ....... •..... . ......
7 days ..... .i........ .....
10 d a y s ......................
11 days ......................
12 days .....................•
20 days .•••.•••••••....... ...
Over 20 days .................
Offices with no formal provisions
for paid sick l e a v e ...... .

.3
1.3

2.4
4.4
.3
-

71.6

76.1

56.6

Information not available.... «...

.5

-

-

1.7
1.9
5.7
.9

1.0

.6

26.5
16.7
7.8
-

2.0
73.5
-

24.3
-

6.8
2.9
2.7
4.8
3.8
3.3
73.1
2.6

68.1
2.2

-

7.6
7.6
-

31.9

92.4

-

-

45.3
-

20.6

5 years of service
Offices with formal provisions for
paid sick leave ...... ..........
Under 5 days ................
5 days ......... ............
6 days .....................
7 days ........... ..........
9 days .....................
10 days .....................
12 days .....................
15 days ............... .....
Over 20 days ........... .

30.0
♦8

46.8

31.7
-

3.8

23.9
.6
8.6
.2
2.4
10.5
.3
1.3
-

Offices with no formal provisions
for paid sick leave ....... .....

69.5

76.1

53.2

68.3

Information not available ........

.5

-

-

-




11.4
1.1
1.9
.8
8.4
1.0
.8

-

7.6
-

8.1

-

7.6

73.1

9.8

92.4

24.3
-

4.0
5.2
13.8
6.4
-

16.6
2.0
-

2.9
2.7
3.8
-

17.4

13.1

6.8

2.6

90.2
2.2
67.4
-

20.6

-

- Ik -

TABLE 8.— Nonproduction bonuses in Milwaukee offices, January 1950

Type of bonus

All offices studied ............. .

Percent >f workeirs emp].oved in >ffices in
Trans­
Finance, porta­
insur­
All
Manu­ Whole­
tion,
Retail ance,
indus­ factur­ sale
communi­ Services
trade and real
ing
trade
tries
cation,
estate and other
public
utilities

100.0 100.0

100.0

47.1
47.1

-

67.4
63.4
4.0
3.9

7.2

43.0
43.0
40.4
-

47.0
47.0
9.1
9.1

37.0

32.6

52.9

57.0

53.0

Offices with nonproduction
bonuses 1/ .......... ...........
Christmas or year-end .......
Profit-sliaring
Other .......... ...... ......

37.9
35.7
4.9
3.2

28.1

63.0

25.3

56.9

Offices with no nonproduction
bonuses......... ........... .

62,1

71.9

u

2.0
2.2

100.0

100.0

100.0 100.0

6.1

-

Unduplicated total#

TABLE 9.---Insurance and pension plans in Milwaukee offices, January 1950

Type of plan

All offices studied ..............
Offices with insurance
or pension plans i / ..........
Life insurance ..............
Health insurance ............
Retirement pension ..........
O t h e r ...................
Offices with no insurance
or pension p l a n s .... ......... ..

1/

Unduplicated total




Percent >f workers e r l
n o Loved in offices in Trans­
Finance, porta­
All
Manu­ Whole­
tion,
insur­
indus­ factur­ sale Retail ance,
communi­ Services
trade
ing
trade
tries
and real cation,
estate and other
public
utilities

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

100,0

100,0

100.0

93.0
81.5
41.4

96.9
96.9

94.0
88.5

22.6
88.0
22.6

10.6

3,1

6.0

82.9
59.0
20.9
35.4
42.1

77.0
51.4

65.1

95.0
89.5
57.3
45.4
80.5

46.4
29.3

93.7
66.7
12.3
63.7
51.3

7.0

5.0

17.1

23.0

6.3

50.2

42.2

25.9
64.5

- 15 -

APPENDIX A

Scope and Method of Survey
The information presented in this bulletin was collected by visits of field representa­
tives of the Bureau to representative offices in the city surveyed. In classifying workers by oc­
cupation, uniform Job descriptions were used; they are presented in Appendix B.
No attempt was made to study all office occupations and, in general, the Jobs surveyed
were those that are found in a large proportion of offices and that involve duties that are more
or less uniform from firm to firm. The Jobs studied are more representative of the salaries of
women than of men office workers.
The study covered six broad industry divisions and in each division only establishments
above a certain size were studied. Office employment in smaller establishments was not considered
sufficiently great to warrant inclusion of such establishments in the survey. A greater proportion
of large than of small establishments was studied in order to maximize the proportion of office
workers that could be surveyed with available resources. Each group of establishments of a certain
size, however, was given only its proper influence on the information presented. The industries
Included in the study together with the minimum size of establishments and the number of establish­
ments surveyed are summarized below.

Establishments and workers in major industry divisions in Milwaukee, and number
studied by the Bureau of labor Statistics, January 1950

Item

Number of
Minimum
size of
establishments
establish­
Estimated Studied
ment
total
1/

Employment
Estimated
total
2/

In establishments
studied
Office
Total

Industry division
All divisions ...................
Manufacturing............ .
Wholesale trade ........... .
Retail trade ............. ...»
Finance, insurance, and real
estate .....................
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities 3/
Services hj .......... .......

125,250
87,500
2,700
1*4,750

23,800
1*
4,250
870
1,580

k2

21

188,600
136,100
8,800
18,700

26

90

24
1

7,500

14,610

*4,180

101
26

17
56

12
22

15,000
2,500

1*4,390

2,330
590

619
73
*7
4
191

175
148

188,600
130,800
16,000
29,200
12,600

125,250
107,680

101
26
101

619
231
183

175
64
*
32

1,300

Size of establishment
All size groups ............. .
501 and over ....... ....... .
251 - 500 ....................
101 - 250 ....................
26 - 100 ....................

l/
2/
3/

308

23
in
63

8,1*40
6,350

3,080

23,800
19,030
1,810
1,300
1,660

Number of plant and office workers.
Plant and office employment in the Milwaukee Metropolitan Area (Milwaukee County).
Excludes railroads.
±/ Business service; such professional services as engineering, architectural, accounting,
auditing, and bookkeeping firms; motion pictures; and nonprofit membership organizations.




-

16

-

The information on weekly salaries excludes overtime pay and nonproduction "bonuses "but
includes incentive earnings. The weekly hours data refer to the work schedules for which these
salaries are paid. Hourly rates were obtained by dividing these weekly salaries by scheduled hours.
The number of workers presented refers to the estimated total employed in all establishments with­
in the scope of the study and not to the number actually surveyed.

Data are shown only for full-time workers, defined as those who are hired
establishments full-time schedule for the occupational classification.

to work the

Information on wage practices refers to all office workers except in the tabulations of
scheduled weekly hours and days in workweek for women workers. It is presented in terms of the
proportion of workers employed in offices with the practice in question. Because of eligibility
requirements, the proportion actually receiving the benefits in question nay be smaller.

The summary of vacation and sick leave plans is limited to formal arrangements and ex­
cludes informal, plans whereby time off with pay may be granted at the discretion of the employer
or other supervisor. Sick leave plans are further limited to those providing full pay for at least
some amount of time off and exclude health insurance even though paid for by employers.

In evaluating information on variations in salaries with size of establishment, in the
few cities in which the coverage justifies such a summary, it should be remembered that this fac­
tor may be related to others. There is frequently an Important relationship between size and in­
dustrial classification in the broad industry groups used in these surveys.




- IT -

APPENDIX B

Descriptions of Occupations Studied

The primary purpose of the Bureau*s job descriptions is to assist its
field staff in classifying workers who are employed under a variety of pay-roll
titles and different work arrangements from office to office and from area to
area, into appropriate occupations. This is essential in order to permit the
grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Be­
cause of this emphasis on interoffice and interarea comparability of occupation­
al content, the Bureau*s job descriptions differ significantly from those in
use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In view
of these special characteristics of the Bureau’s job descriptions, their adop­
tion without modification by any single establishment or for any other purpose
than that indicated herein is not recommended. Where office workers regularly
perform duties classified in more than one occupation, they are generally clas­
sified according to the most skilled or responsible duties that are a regular
part of their job and that are significant in determining their value to the
firm.

B1JLLER , MACHINE
A worker who prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an
ordinary typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work incidental to billing operations. Should be designated as working on billing
machine or bookkeeping machine as described below.
Billing Machine - A worker who uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
Invoices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of nec­
essary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which
are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually Involves a large number of car­
bon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fan-fold machine.
Bookkeeping Machine - A worker who uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare cus­
tomers* bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simultaneous
entry of figures on a customer’s ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates figures
on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard
types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPER, HAND
A worker who keeps a set of books for recording business transactions and whose work in­
volves most of the following: posting and balancing subsidiary ledgers, cash books or journals,
journalizing transactions where judgment is involved as to accounts affected; posting general
ledger; and taking trial balances. May also prepare accounting statements and bills; may direct
work of assistants or accounting clerks.




- 18 -

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
A worker who operates a Bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
strand, Burroughs, National Cash Register) to keep a record of ‘
business transactions.

Sund-

Class A - A worker who uses a Bookkeeping machine with or without a typewriter key­
board to keep a set of records of Business transactions usually requiring a knowledge of and
esqperience in Basic Bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the structure of the particular
accounting system used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to Be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, Balance sheets, and
other records By hand.
Class B - A worker who uses a Bookkeeping machine with or without a typewriter key­
board to keep a record cf one or more phases or sections of a set of records pertaining to Busi­
ness transactions usually requiring some knowledge of Basic Bookkeeping. Phases or sections
include accounts payable, pay-roll, customers * accounts (not including simple type of Billing
described under Biller, Machine), cost distributions, expense distributions, inventory control,
etc. In addition, may check or assist in preparation of trial Balances and prepare control
sheets for the accounting department.
CALCULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
A worker whose primary function consists of operating a calculating
form mathematical computations other than addition exclusively.

machine to per­

Comptometer type
Other than Comptometer type
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
A worker who performs one or more accounting operations such as preparing simple Jour­
nal vouchers, accounts payable vouchers; coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting dis­
tributions; entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling Bank accounts; posting and Bal­
ancing subsidiary ledgers controlled By general ledger, e.g., accounts receivable, accounts
payable, stock records, voucher Journal. May assist in preparing Journal entries. For workers
whose duties include handling the general ledger or a set of Books, see Bookkeeper, Hand.
CLERK, FILE
Class A - A worker who is responsible for maintaining an established filing system
and classifies and indexes correspondence or other material; may also file this material. May
keep records of various types in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and lo­
cating material in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.
Class B - A worker who performs routine filing, usually of material that has already
Been classified, or locates or assists in locating material in files. May perform incidental
clerical duties.
CLERK, GENERAL
A worker who is typically required to perform a variety of office operations. This
requirement may arise as a result of impracticability of specialization in a small office or
Because versatility is essential in meeting peak requirements in larger offices.
The work
generally involves the use of independent Judgment in tending to a pattern of office work from
day to day, as well as knowledge relating to phases of office work that occur only occasionally.
For example, the range of operations performed may entail all or some combination of the fol­
lowing: answering correspondence, preparing Bills and invoices, posting to various records,
preparing pay rolls, filing, etc. May also operate various office machines and type as the
work requires.
(See Clerk-Typist.)




- 19 -

CLERK, ORDER
A worker who receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail, phone,
or personally and whose duties involve any combination of the following; quoting prices to cus­
tomers, making out an order sheet listing the items to make up the order, checking prices and
quantities of items on order sheet, distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May also check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer, acknowl­
edge receipt of orders from customers, follow-up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAY-ROLL
A worker who computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the
pay-roll sheets and whose duties involve: calculating worker*s earnings based on time or produc­
tion records; posting calculated data on pay-roll sheet, shoving information such as worker*s
name, working days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. In addition, may
make out pay checks and assist the paymaster in making up and distributing the pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
CLERK-TYPIST
A worker who does clerical work requiring little special training but the performance
of which requires the use of a typewriter for a major portion of the time and whose work in­
volves typing letters, reports, and other matter from rough draft or corrected copy and one or
more of the following: keeping simple records; filing records and reports; making out bills;
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR l/
Under general supervision*and with no supervisory responsibilities, records account­
ing and statistical data on tabulating cards by punching a series of holes in the cards in a
specified sequence, using a numerical key-punch machine, following written information on rec­
ords. May be required to duplicate cards by using the duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files on punched cards. May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
A worker who performs a variety of routine duties such as running errands;
minor office machines,
such as sealers or mailers; opening and distributing mail,
minor clerical work.
(Bonded messengers are excluded from this classification.)

operating
and other

SECRETARY l/
A worker who performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an adminis­
trative or executive position and whose duties involve the following: making appointments for
superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making phone calls; handling per­
sonal and important or confidential mall, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation, either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine (except where tran­
scribing machine is used), and transcribing dictation or the recorded information reproduced on
a transcribing machine. In addition, may prepare special reports or memoranda for information
of superior.
STfflOCGRAFHER, GENERAL
A worker whose primary function is to take dictation from one or more persons, either
in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine,
involving a normal routine vocabulary, and to

l/

Not surveyed in all cities




20

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL - Continued
transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc. Poes not include transcribing-machine work. (See
Transcribing-Machine Operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
A worker whose primary function is to take dictation from one or mare persons, either
in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine,
involving a varied technical or specialized
vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research and to transcribe this
dictation on a typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in
order, keep simple records, etc. Poes not include transcribing-machine work. (See TranscriblngMachine Operator.)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
A worker who operates a single or multiple position telephone switchboard, and whose
duties involve: handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office calls. In addition, may
record toll calls and take messages. As a minor part of duties, may give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers who also do typing or
other stenographic work or act as receptionists, see Switchboard Operator-Receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
A worker who in addition to performing duties of operator, on a single position or
monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and/or performs typing or other routine clerical
work as part of regular duties. This typing or clerical work nay take the major part of this
worker’s time while at switchboard,
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
A worker whose primary function is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple
clerical work. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine Is
classified as a Stenographer, General.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR,, TECHNICAL
A worker whose primary function is to transcribe dictation involving a varied tech­
nical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research from
transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work. A
worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine is classified as a
Stenographer, Technical.
TYPIST
A worker who uses a typewriter .to make copies of various material or to make out bills
after calculations have been made by another person. May operate a teletype machine.
Class A - A worker who performs one or more of the following: typing material in
final form from very rough and Involved draft; copying from plain or corrected copy in which
there is a frequent and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreign language copy;
combining material from several sources; or planning lay-out of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing;
typing tables from rough draft In final form.
May also type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B - A worker who performs one or more of the following: typing from relatively
clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; setting up simple
standard tabulations, or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.




☆

U. S. G O V E R N M E N T PR IN T IN G OFFICE : 0 — 1950


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102