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OFFICE ■
W ORKERS
salaries
hours of work
supplementary benefits

Bulletin No. 989




OKLAHOMA CITY, OKLA.
FEBRUARY 1950
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR • BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

For sale by the Superintendent of Decuments, U. S. Government Printing Office
Washineton 25, D. C. Price 15 cents




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Maurice J. Tobin - Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague - Commissioner

i

CONTENTS

Page
Number
Introduction ......... ...................•.......•.................1
Salaries of Oklahoma City Office Workers, February 1950 .......•••.•••••••••••••••«•'•••»
Supplementary Wage Practices ............................................ *••.••••••••••••
Tables:
1.
2.
3.
h.
5•
6.
7.
8.
9•

1
1

Salaries and weekly hours of work, by industry division ......... ........
Percentage distribution, by weekly salaries ............ •.................
Scheduled weekly hours ......................... •••••••••••••••••«.••••••••
Scheduled days in workweek ..............
•••••••••»
Vacations w 1th pay ...... .................••••••.•••••..... .
Paid holidays .......... .......••••.......................................
Formal provisions for paid sicb leave ..... .............................
Nonproduction bonuses .....................................................
Insurance and pension plans ••••••................. .......................

3
6
9
9
10
10
H
12
12

Scope and method, of survey •••••••••..••••••••...... ••••••••••••.........•••••

13

Appendix A:

Appendix B:
Descriptions of occupations s t u d i e d ..... .....................

15

INTRODUCTION

Surveys of office worker salaries were conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in
more than a score of large cities during 191-8-^9 • The survey program provides for annual re surveys
in a major city in each of 5 broad geographic areas. These cities are Atlanta, Boston, Chicago,
L03 Angeles, and New York. Initial surveys will be conducted each year In another 5 important
cities. To the extent that resources permit, salary data will also be brought up-to-date in a few
cities last covered 2 or 3 yetrs earlier.

These surveys are designed to provide salary data for selected office occupations on a
cross-industry basis. Data are also obtained on supplementary benefits, such as vacations, holi­
days, sick leave, and Insurance and pension plans. Salary and related data are provided wherever
possible for individual industry divisions.

The Oklahoma City study was prepared in the Bureau’s Division of Wage Statistics by
Harry H. Hall, Regional Wage Analyst, Region III, Atlanta, Georgia. The planning and central
direction of the program was the responsibility of Toivo P. Kanninen and Louis E. Badenhoop under
the general supervision of Harry Ober, Chief of the Branch of Industry Wage Studies.







SALARIES OF OFFICE WORKERS IN OKLAHOMA CITY, OKLAHOMA, FEBRUARY 1950 l/

Salaries
Women general stenographers, numerically the most important job group among the 19 cate­
gories for which data are presented in table 1, averaged $^3.50 a week in February 1950* Pay-roll
clerks earned $1 more and accounting clerks averaged $2 less than general stenographers. An average
of $38 was recorded for clerk-typists, the fourth largest women’s group covered in the Oklahoma
City study. Average salaries in excess of $1+5 were paid to hand bookkeepers and technical stenog­
raphers. Clerks doing routine filing averaged $3^.50* or $2 more than office girls who were the
lowest-paid women workers.

Average weekly salaries of men, among 7 occupations for which data could be presented,
ranged from a high of $63 for general clerks performing a variety of non-routine duties without
direct supervision to a low of $31 for office boys. A third of the men office workers studied were
employed as accounting clerks, at an average salary of $ 52 .50 .

Women clerk-typists and general stenographers were sufficiently numerous in each of 7
broad industry divisions to permit a limited comparison of industry salary levels. Workers employed
in offices of manufacturing and wholesale trade establishments and in the crude-petroleum and
natural-gas production group were paid above average salaries.

Salary rates varied widely in individual jobs as indicated in the all-industry distribu­
tions presented in table 2. These variations are traceable to inter-industry differences in pay
levels, to differences in salary rates paid among establishments within the same industry, and to
rate differences in particular jobs within individual establishments. The range of rates among
men workers was generally greater than among women in the identical occupations. Among accounting
clerks, as an illustration, salaries of individual men ranged from $ 32.50 to more than $75* whereas
women's rates fell in.the $27.50-$59.99 range. In nearly all of the women's jobs, from three-fifths
to four-fifths of the workers were grouped within a $10 salary bracket.

SUPPLEMENTAFY WAGE PRACTICES

Work schedules
Although the 40-hour, 5-day workweek was the most common schedule in Oklahoma City of­
fices, as shown in tables 3 and k, a substantial proportion of women office workers in the retail
trade and finance, insurance, and real estate divisions worked on other schedules. Half of the
women office workers in retail trade worked a 5^-day week and nearly a fourth were on a full 6-day
schedule. Less than a fifth of these women, however, worked more than bO hours a week.

l/

See Appendix A for discussion of scope and method of study




2

Paid vacations
Formal provisions for granting vacations vith pay were reported "by nearly all establish­
ments visited. Three-fifths of the employees were in offices granting at least 1 week after 6
months of service and most employees received 2 weeks with pay after 1 year of service (table 5)»

Paid holidays
Virtually all office workers received at least 5 holidays with pay. Although the most
common practice in each industry division provided 6 paid holidays, k 5 percent of the office em­
ployees in retail trade received 7 paid holidays and 30 percent in manufacturing received 8 paid
holidays (table 6).

Paid sick leave
Nearly two-fifths of the workers were employed in offices having formal provisions for
sick leave with pay after 1 year of service. The amount of sick leave allowed annually varied from
less than 5 to over 20 days (table 7)* Sick leave granted on an informal basis is not included
in these estimates.

Nonproduction bonuses
Many employers in Oklahoma City supplemented the basic pay of office workers with a non­
production bonus, typically in the form of a Christmas or year-end payment. The practice varied
greatly among the industries studied as indicated in table 8. The proportion of office workers
employed in establishments granting Christmas or year-end bonuses, for example, ranged from 1 per­
cent in transportation, communication, and other public utilities to 58 percent in wholesale trade.
Profit-sharing plans were also reported in nearly all divisions but were most common in the ser­
vice industries.

Insurance and pension plans
Establishments employing seven-eighths of the Oklahoma City office workers provided some
type of insurance or pension plan for which the firms paid at least part of the premiums. Threefourths of the workers benefited from plans providing life insurance (table 9)«

Retirement pension plans were reported by establishments accounting for nearly two-thirds
of the office workers. Among individual industry divisions, the proportion of office workers in
establishments with such plans ranged from slightly less than half in wholesale trade to nearly
nine-tenths in transportation, ccmmunication, and other public utilities.




-

3

-

TABLE 1.— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Oklahoma City, Okla., by industry division, February 1950

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

IMedian
Hourly
rate

2/
weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

Men
Bookkeepers, hand U .............
Wholesale trade ..............

80

$ 60.00

57.00

4 1 .5
4 1 .5

$ 1 .4 5

40

1 .3 7

$ 56.00

54.50

$ 52.00 - $65.50
52.00 - 60.50

Bookkeeoiner-machine operators.
gl^ss B ....... ..............

48

43.00

4 1.0

1.05

41.50

37.00 -

46.00

Clerks, accounting 4/ ............
Finance, insurance, and real
estate .....................
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..
Crude-petroleum and natural-gas
production .................

299

52.50

4 1.0

1.28

52.00

46.00 -

58.50

31

47.00

40.5

1.16

49.50

41.50 -

52.00

35

54.00

4 1 .5

1.30

49.50

47.00 -

59.50

57

61.00

40.5

1.51

62.00

52.50 -

67.50

Clerks, general 4/ ...............
Wholesale trade ..............

210
69

63 .OO

4 1.0
4 1.0

1.54
1.43

62.50
57.50

49.50 -

58.50

74.00
71.50

Clerks, order i j ..... ............
Manufacturing .................
Wholesale t r a d e ....... ......

108
30
78

53.00
52.00
53.50

4 1 .5
40.5
42.0

1.28
1.28
1.27

53.00
50.50
53.50

41.00 41.50 -

63.50
63.50
63.50

Clerks, pay roll .................

32

57.00

43.0

1.33

55.00

48.50 -

66.00

Office boys 4/ ....... ......... .
Manufacturing........ .......

95
46

31.0 0

39.0
38.0

.79
.79

31.0 0
30.00

30.00 29.50 -

32.00

30.00

134
52

39.50
43.00

40.5
4 1.0

.98
1.05

39.00
40.00

34.00 39.00 -

43.00
49.50

60
25

50.00
48.50

42.0
4 2.5

1.19
l.U

49.00
49.50

44.00 42.00 -

54.50
52.00

150
52

39.00
39.00

40.5
42.0

.96
.93

38.00
38.00

35.00 35.00 -

41.50
43.00

45

38.50

37 .5

1.03

38.00

37.00 -

40.50

326
62
116
88

43.00
42.00
45.00
39.00

40.5
40.0
40.0
4 1 .5

1.06
1.05
1.13
.94

4 1.5 0
42.00
45.00

39.00
39.00
40.50
35.00

47.00
45.00
50.50
40.50

48.00 41.50 -

32.50

Women
Billers, machine (billing
machine} 4/ ....... ..... .
Wholesale trade
Bookkeepers, hand U ..............
Wholesale trade ••.••••••••••••
Bookkeeping-machine operators.
class B 4 / ................. ....
Wholesale t r a d e ............. .
Finance, insurance, and real
e s t a t e ............. .
Calculating-machine operators.
(Comptometer type) U ..... .
Manufacturing ................
Wholesale trade ...............
Retail trade .................

See footnotes at end of table




38.50

-

TABLE 1.— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Oklahoma City, Okla., by industry division, February 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

Median
Hourly
rate

2/
weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

Women - Continued
Clerks, ^cqounting 4/ .............
Manufacturing................
Retail trade ......... .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ............ .
Services •...•••••••••••••....

323
55
53

$41.50
44.00
43.00

40.0
40.0
40.5

$1.0 4

$42.00

1 .1 0
1.0 6

45.00
44.00

27
30

38.50
40.00

39.0
39.0

.99
1.0 3

a . 50

32.50 32.50 -

44.00
46.00

Clerks, file, class A .............

34

44.00

40.0

1 .1 0

42.50

37.00 -

48.50

Clerks, file, class B j j ...... .
Wholesale trade ............ • •
Finance, insurance, and real
estate .............. .

128
30

34.50
38.50

39.5
4 1.0

.87
.94

33.00
38.50

32*00 34.00 -

36.50
40.50

56

32.50

38.5

.84

32.50

30.00 -

34.50

Clerks, general j j ...............
Wholesale trade ...............

150
48

45.00

40.0
40.5

1.13
1.04

44.00
42.00

37.50 -

42.00

34.50 -

50.50
48.00

Clerks, order U ................ .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ......... ..........

79

36.00

40.0

.90

34.00

33.00 -

39.00

43

36.00

39.5

.91

35.00

33.50 -

39.50

Clerks, nav roll U
Manufacturing

80
18

44.50
46.00

40.5
40.5

1.10
1.14

42.00
44.50

39.00 43.00 -

47.50
50.00

285
18
71
26

38.00
39.50
40.50
39.50

40.5
4 1 .5
42.0
a .5

.94
.95
.96
.95

37.00
39.00
39.00
40.00

33.50
37.00
33.00
34.00

-

42.50
a . 50
46.00
44.00

99

35.50

40.0

.89

34.50

30.00 -

39.50

20
30

37.50
36.00

40.5
39 .5

.93
.91

38.50
34.50

35.00 34.50 -

40.50
39.00

21

42.00

40.0

1.05

40.50

38.50 -

45.00

34

32.50

40.0

.81

31.00

30.00 -

36.50

683
124
170
59

43.50
44.00
45.00
40.50

40.5
40.5
40.5
40.5

1.07
1.09
1.00

43.50
44.00
46.00
40.50

39.00
41.00
42.50
36.00

-

48.00
46.00
49.50
46.00

no

40.00

39 .5

1.01

40.50

34.50 -

44.00

n 9

42.00
41.00

40.5
39 .5

1.04
1.04

41.50
39.00

38.00 -

28

37.00 -

46.00
45.00

73

49.00

40.0

1.23

48.00

48.00 -

50.50

..............

Clerk-tvoists .................. .
Manufacturing ............
Wholesale trade ...............
Retail t r a d e ......... ..... .
Finance, insurance, and real
e s t a t e ......... •••••.... .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ••
Services ................ ..
Crude-petroleum and natural-gas
production.......... ......
Office g i r l s ..... ............
Stenographers, general ............
Manufacturing
Wholesale trade •••.••••••••••••
Retail trade •••••••••••••••••••
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ................. •••••
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities
Ser vi c e s .... .......... .
Crude-petroleum and natural-gas
production

See footnotes at end of table.



i.n

39.00

$37.50 - $46.00
40.00 - 47.00
40.00 - 46.00

TABLE 1 #— Salaries j/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Oklahoma City, Okla., by industry division, February 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 7 j

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

$46.00 - $52.50

Median
Hourly
rate

2 /

Women - Continued
Stenographers, technical ........

31

$51.00

40.5

$1.2 6

$52.00

Switchboard operators ..... .

97

43.00

40.0

1.08

42.50

39.00 -

47.00

Switchboard operatorreceptionists U ........... .
Manufacturing ................
Wholesale trade

112
17
46

38.50
40.00
38.50

41.0
41.0
42.0

.94
.98
.92

37.00
37.50
37.50

33.50 35.00 35.00 -

44.00
44.50
42.00

Transcribing-machine operators.
general U ........ ............
Wholesale trade .............

57
32

40.50
38.00

41.0
41.5

.99
.92

40.50
39.00

37.00 35.50 -

41.50
40.50

Typists, class A .................

92

42.50

40.5

1.05

43.00

37.50 -

46.00

Typists, class B i j ..............
Wholesale trade .............

90
28

36.00
33.50

40.5

.89
.80

34.50
33.00

32.00 30.50 -

39.00
37.50

42.0

1/ Excludes pay for overtime.
2/ The study covered representative manufacturing and retail trade establishments and trans­
portation (except railroads), communication, heat,light and power companies with over 100 workers;
and establishments with more than 25 workers in crude-petroleum and natural-gas production, whole­
sale trade, finance, real estate, insurance and selected service industries (business service;
such professional services as engineering, architectural, accounting, auditing, and bookkeeping
firms; motion pictures; and nonprofit membership organizations).
2/ Value above and below which half of workers’ salaries fell.
Includes data for industry divisions not shown separately.




TABLE 2.— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries 3/
in Oklahoma City, Okla*, February 1950

Weekly salaries 3/

Book
Clerks,
Clerks, Clerks, Office
keepers, account-.
general order
boys
hand
ing

$20.00 - $22.49 ...............
$22.50 - $24.99 ...............

-

$25.00
$27.50
$30.00
$32.50
$35.00

- $27«49
»
- $29.99 ...............
— $32*4-9
- $34.99 ...............
- $37.49 ...............

—
—
—
-

$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50

-

$39.99
$42.49
$44.99
$47.49
$49.99

...............
...............
.............. .
...............
...............

$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00

-

$52.49
$54.99
$57.49
$59.99
$62.49

$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50

-

$75.00
$80.00
$85*00
$90*00
$95.00

—
•
-

-

-

m
m

_
-

1.7
4.0

5.0
2.5
2.5
1.3

...............
...............
....... ........
...............
...............

$64.99
$67.49
$69.99
$72.49
$74.99

.......... .
...............
...............
...............
..... ..........

$79.99
$84.99
$89*99
$94*99
$99.99

...............
...............
••••••••••*•••••
•••••••••••••••*
...............

T o t a l .......
Estimated number of workers ####
Average w e d d y salary 3/ *•*....

See footnote at end of table.




Percent
Billers,
machine
(billing
machine)

I
«
H
O

Percent of men -

Book
keepers,
hand

-

10.5

-

-

—
1.0

—
1.9
5*6

13.7
54.8
10.5
6.3

7.5
6.7
15.7
12.7

~
3.3

6.0
5.0
5.4
11.4
12.0

2.4
8.1
8.6
5.7

11.9
9.3
9.3
—
6.5

2.1
2.1
—
-

13.4
15.7
10.4
5.2
4.5

5.0
5.0
16.7
11.7
13.3

22.4
8.8
10.0
8.7
6.3

8.0
12.0
7.7
5.4
4.3

5.2
2.9
4.3
8.9
1.0

2.8
11.9

—

16.7
6.7

-

-

5.6
3.7

-

3.7
1.5
—
3.0
-

7.4
1.3
7.4
1.3
3.8

3.7
3.7
3.0
4.0
1.7

8.1
2.9
3.3
4.8
11.3

12.9
9.3
4.6
1.9

-

-

1.7
3.3
-

5.0
3.8

6.7
8.6
5.2
1.0
-

2.8
-

-

-

—

-

-

2.5

_
1.0
-

-

-

-

-

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

299

210

108

95

$53.00

$31.00

-

80
$ 60.00

$52.50

$63.00

100.0

100 .0
134
$39.50

-

3.3
13.3

100.0

60
$50.00

TABLE 2.— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries l/
in Oklahoma City, Okla., February 1950 - Continued

Bookkeej>- Calculatinging
machine
Clerks, Clerks
Clerks, Clerks, Clerks,
account-i file
machine
operators
general order pay roll
operators, (Comptometer
class B
ing
class B
type)

Weekly salaries 1/

$20.00 — $22.49 ••••••••••••••
$22.50 — $24.99 *••«•••«*•••••

-

-

-

2.5
8.3

6 .4

13.6
3.4
4.6

-

$25*00
$27*50
$30.00
$32.50
$35*00

—
—
—

$27*49 *•«•••«•*••••*
$29*99 #*••••••••••*•
$32.-49.............
$34.99 .............
$37*49 ••••••••♦•••••

10.0
23.9

$37*50
$40*00
$42.50
$45*00
$47.50

—
—
—
—
-

$39*99
$42.49
$44*99
$47*49
$49*99

#•••«•••••***•
••••••••••••*«
•••••••*•••**•
•••••••••*•••*
.............

22.7
18*0
6*7
10.0
2.0

13.5
22.7
12.9
13.2
4.3

13.6
13.6
14.6
20.2
6.2

$50.00 • $52.49
$52.50 — $54*99
$55*00 •• $57*49
$57.50 — $59*99
$60.00 — $62.49

•••••••••*••♦•

1.3

•••*•**••*••••

—

4.3
.9

-

•*••••••••••*•

-

-

-

$62.50 — $64*99
$65*00 — $67*49
$67 • 50 — $ 69 *99
$70.00 — $72.49
$72*50 — $74*99
$75*00
$80.00
$85*00
$90.00
$95*00

—
—
—
•
—

$79*99
$84*99
$89*99
$94*99
$99*99
Total

m

1
3
1

0

Percent

2 .7
2 .7

2 .8

*••••••••••***

-

•••••«••••••••

-

10.4
1.8
2.5
.3
1.2

*••••••**•*••*

-

-

-

••••••«•••••**

—

—

—

••*•••**••••**

mm

-

-

••••••••••*•••

-

-

-

11.7
4.7
-

3.9

2.2

-

-

-

m
m

*••••••«••••**

14.1
18.8
33.5
13.3

-

—
—

10 .0
1 3 .3
10.0
9 .3
1 1.3
1 0 .7
8 .7
14.0
4 .7
1 .3
4.0

-

-

-

—

16.5
40.5
13.9

3 .8
1 .3
6 .3

6.3
17.7
3.8

17.4
26.2
7.5
11.2
11.2

_
-

2.5
-

-

1*3

3.8

-

-

-

-

3.8

-

-

-

-

—

2.0

-

5.0

-

-

-

-

•

-

—

—

«*

«.

.7

••**•*•*•*••••

-

-

-

-

-

-

••••*••**«•••*

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

****••**•**••*

-

-

-

-

-

-

•*••••••••••••

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.*

••***•••••••**

•••••*•••*••••

Estimated number of workers
Average weekly salary 1/

..

.....

See footnote at end of table.
883523 O —50----- 2




100.0

100.0

100*0

100.0

100.0

150

326

323

128

150

$39.00

$43.00

$41.50

$34.50

$45.00

«•

100.0
79
$36.00

—

100.0
80
$44.50

TABLE 2,— Percentage distribution of wsrkers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries 2j
in Oklahoma City, Okla,, February 1950 - Continued

Weekly salaries

Percent of women Switch­
TranSwitch­
board
scribingStenog­
board
Typists,
Clerkmachine
operatorclass A
typists raphers, opera­
operators,
reception­
general
tors
general
ists

2 /

$20*00 « $22*49 «••••••••••*
■
$22*50 — $24*99 *••••••*••••

-

-

-

8*8
10*5

1 .0
1 .0
7.0
8 .3

2 .1
1.0
4 .1
6 .2

2.7
7*1
8*0
14*3
19.6

7.0
7.0
14.0

9.8
15.2

5.6
29.9
20*0
5*6

11.6

1 3 .4
20.7
1 4 .5
1 4 .4
1 3 .4

11.6
3*6
22*3
3.6
-

14 .0
40.3
7.0
1 .8
1 .8

4.3
16*3
22.8
14.1
12.0

15*6
11*1
10.0
2.2

8.2
1.0

3*6
2*7
-

1 .8
1 .8

2*2
2.2
1.1

—
—

-

-

*9

3 .5

-

-

$25.00
$27*50
$30*00
$32*50
$35*00

—
—
—
—

$27.49
$29*99
$32*49
$34*99
$37*49

......... .
•••*••••••••
*••••••••••*
*•••••••••••
••••••••••••

$37*50
$40*00
$42*50
$45*00
$47*50

—
—
—
—
—

$39*99
$42*49
$44*99
$47*49
$49*99

*•*•••*••••*
••••••••••••
•*••••••••••
•*•••••••••*
•••*••••••••

7.7
13*3
9*5
8.4
2*1

$50*00
$52*50
$55*00
$57*50
$60*00

—
—
—
—
—

$52*49
$54*99
$57*49
$59*99
$62*49

••••••••••••
••**•*•***••
•••••••••••*
•*••••••»••*
•••••••*••••

1*1
—
—
2.8
-

7.5
2.5
.3
2.5
.3

$62*50
$65*00
$ 67 •50
$70*00
$72*50

—
—
—
—
—

$64*99
$67*49
$ 69 *99
$72*49
$74*99

••••••••••••
••••••••••••
••••••••••••
*••••••••**•
••••••••••••

«
.
—
-

.1
.1
—
-

$75.00
$80*00
$85*00
$90*00
$95*00

—
—
—
—

$79*99
$84*99
$89*99
$94*99
$99*99

.......... .
••••*••••••*
•••••*••••••
•••••*•*•••*
•••••••*••••

—
-

-

T o t a l ..... *****
Estimated number of workers
Average weekly salary

] /

**

22 .5
1 3 .3

-

16 .1
13.2

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

lsO

-

m
m

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

m
m

100.0

100*0

285

683

$38.00

$43.50

Excludes pay for overtime*




n.6
16.9

-

Typists,
class B

100*0
97
$43.00

100*0

-

100*0

100*0

100*0

112

57

92

90

$38.50

$40.50

$42.50

$ 36.00

-

9

-

TABLE 3#— Scheduled weekly hours of women in Oklahoma City offices, February 1950

Weekly hours

All offices employing women ..
35 h o u r s .... ............
37£ hours .............
Over 37^ and under 40 hours
40 hours ••• .............. .
Over 40 and under 44 hours
44 hours ...................
Over 44 and under 48 hours
48 h o u r s ................ .
Over 48 hours ............

Percent of workers employed in offices in Trans­
Finance, porta­
All
Crude-pe­
Manu­ Whole­ Retail insur­
tion,
ance, and comniunlr Serv­ troleum and
indus­ factur­ sale
trade
ing
real
tries
trade
cation, ices natural-gas
production
estate and other
public
utilities
100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

2.0
1.4
6.7
80.9
1.3
6.3
1.1
.2
.1

90.3
1.2
5.3
3.2
—

_
80.5

51.8
30.7
9.6
5.8
.7

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

28*4
70.6
1.0
-

0.9
98.8

9.4

-

16.0
3.0
.5
—

-

-

-

5 .1
84.1
.7

94.8

.6

5.0

-

-

-

.1

.2
—

1.4

-

—

-

.3
—

TABLE 4«— Scheduled days in workweek of women in Oklahoma City offices, February 1950

Days in week

Percent of workers employed in offices in Trans­
Finance, porta­
All
Manu­ Whole­ Retail insur­
Crude-pe­
tion,
indus­ factur­ sale
trade ance, and comnunj- Serv­ troleum and
tries
ing
trade
real
cation, ices natural-gas
estate and other
production
public
utilities

All offices employing women .. . 100.0

5 days .....................
5h days ...................
6 days




...... ••••

70.2
20.4
9.4

100.0
87.3
11.9
.8

100.0

100.0

100.0

80.6

25.9
50.6
23.5

18.9
.5

100.0

ioo»&

41.7

89.1

28.7
29.6

10.8
.1

80,6
11.7
7.7

100.0
98.8
1.2

TABLE 5.— Vacations with pay in Oklahoma City offices, February 1950

Vacation policy

All offices studied .........

Percemi of workers employed in office ? in - _______
Trans­
porta­
CrudeFinance, tion,
petroleum
All
Manu­ Whole­
insur­ communi­
and
Ser­
Retail
indus­ factur­ sale
ance, and cation,
trade
vices naturaltries
ing
trade
real
gas pro­
and other
estate public
duction
utilities
100.0

100.0

61.1
56.1
4.1
.9
33.9

48.0
45.9

99.2
29.3
.4
69.4
.1
.3

100.0
8.5
91.5
-

100.0 100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

7.9
7.2

84.6
81.5

67.5
67.5
32.5

71.5
69.3
2.2
28.5

100.0
1.5

88.4
9.6

6 months of service
Offices with paid vacations ...
1 w e e k ...... ..........
Over 1 and under 2 weeks .
2 weeks ...............
Offices with no paid vacations

-

-

.7
92.1

3.1
15.4

85.5
80.9
4.6
14.5

100.0 100.0
48.1 42.9
3.4
53.7
51.3
.6
-

100.0
6.8

100.0
45.9

-

-

93.2
-

54.1
_
-

98.5
-

78.8
11.6

99.2
13.1
1.1
84.9
.1
.8

100.0 100.0 100.0
7.6
42.9
14.3
3.4
56.5
82.3
92.4
—
—
.6
-

100.0
—
100.0
-

100.0
.1
3.2
96.7
-

100.0
1.5

88.4
9.6

9875
—
-

7878
—
11.6

99.2
11.3
87.1
.8
.8

100.0
—
100.0
-

100.0 100.0
10.9
40.5
82.6
58.9
.6
6.5
—
-

100.0
100.0
-

100.0
.1
99.9

100.0

88.4
9.6
78.8
11.6

-

2.1
52.0

41.3
29.1
12.2
-

58.7

-

1 rear of service
Offices with paid vacations ...
1 w e e k ....... .........
Over 1 and under 2 weeks .
2 weeks... ...........
Over 2 weeks ...........
Offices with no paid vacations

-

2 years of service
Offices with paid vacations ...
1 week ................
Over 1 and under 2 weeks .
2 weeks .......... ••••••
Over 2 weeks ........ .
Offices with no paid vacations
5 years of service
Offices with paid vacations ...
1 w e e k ................
2 weeks ................
Over 2 weeks ........ ..
Offices with no paid vacations

-

-

—

100.0
-

TABLE 6.— Paid holidays in Oklahoma City offices, February 1950

Number of paid holidays

All offices studied....... .
Offices providing paid
holidays ................
Number of holidays:
1 .................
2 .................
2 r •••••............
i
3 ...... ..........
4 .................
5 .................
6 .................
7 .................
7 * ................
8 .................
Offices providing no paid
holidays .......... .




Percemt of workers emoloyed in officesj in Trans­
Crudeporta­
Finance,
tion,
petroleum
All
Manu­ Whole­
insur­
and
communi­ Ser­
Retail
indus­ factur­ sale
ance, and cation, vices naturaltrade
tries
real
trade
ing
and other
gas pro­
estate
public
duction
utilities
100.0

100.0 100.0 100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0 100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

99.4

99.9

100.0

.8
.1

_
7.7

.8
.9
5.7
62.3
20.4
1.9
6.6
.1

-

6.5
55.4
—
30.4

—
—

2.0
10.3
86.1
1.6
-

—

-

.7
3.4
—
3.4
47.4
45.1
-

—
.4
6.9
49.9
31.0
_
11.8

.1
—
54.1
37.4
8.4
-

—

—

—

—
-

11.6
—
-

—

—

79.4
20.6

5.8
11.6
68.2
2.2
-

—

.6

11

TABLE 7.— Formal provisions for paid sick leave in Oklahoma City offices, February 1950

1

Provisions for paid sick leave

Perceiit of workers employed in offices in Trans­
Crudeporta­
Finance,
tion,
petroleum
All
Manu­ Whole­
insur­
Retail
communi­ Ser­
and
indus­ factur­ sale
ance, and
trade
cation, vices naturaltries
real
ing
trade
and other
*as pro­
estate
public
duction
utilities

All offices studied ..........

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

47.3
35.7
5.9
5.7
-

45.8
40.8
5.0
-

34.3
32.1
2.2
-

100.0

52.7

54.2

65.7

7.3
7.3

48.3
35.6
7.0
5.7

45.8
10.8
35.0
-

83.2
9.0
12.2
56.2
5.8
-

6 months of service
Offices with formal provisions
for paid sick leave .........
Under 5 days .............
5 d a y s ..................
6 days ..................
10 days ....... ...........
12 days ..................
Over 20 d a y s ..... ........
Offices with no formal provisions for paid sick leave ..

18.6
.5
4.3
8.8
2.2
1.3
1.5

-

13.5
2.3
.4
1.9
2.7
6.2

-

-

81.4

100.0

86.5

38.1
.5
12.8
.7
.9
•4
6.9
1.4
8.2
2.0
4.3

30.4
30.4
-

61.4
2.3
36.5
2.9
1.9
5.4
6.1
6.3

61.9

69.6

38.6

100.0

92.7

51.7

54.2

16.8

39.8
.5
.7
.7
.7
6.4
•4
1.4
8.2
8.9
11.9

30.4
30.4
-

61.4
2.3
.4
2.9
5.4
1.9
6.1
36.2
6.2

16.3
16.3

7.3
7.3

48.3
35.6
12.7

45.8
5.0
10.8
30.0

83.2
9.0
10.0
24.1
40.1

60.2

69.6

38.6

S3.7

92.7

51.7

54.2

16.8

100.0

1 vear of service
Offices with formal provisions
for paid s^ck l e a v e .........
Under 5 days ............
5 days ..................
6 days ..... ..... .
7 d a y s .... .........
8 days ...... ..........
10 d a y s ....... ...........
12 days ..................
15 d a y s .... ..............
20 days ..................
Over 20 days ..............
Offices with no formal pro­
visions for paid sick leave ..

-

5 years of service
Offices with formal provisions
for p * d sick leave ..........
a*
Under 5 days ........... .
5 days ..................
6 days .......... ........
7 d a y s ..... . ............
10 days ..................
11 days .......... .
12 days ................. .
15 days ..... .............
20 days .......... ........
Over 20 days ....... .
Offices with no formal pro­
visions for paid sick leave ..




12

TABLE 8.— Honproduction bonuses in Oklahoma City offices, February 1950

Type of bonus

Percent of office workers employed in o
:*fices in Transpor­
CrudeFinance, tation,
petroleum
All
Manu­ Whole­
insur­ communi­ Serv­
and
indus­ factur­ sale Retail ance, and cation, ices
naturaltrade
tries
ing
trade
real
and other
gas
estate
public
production
utilities

All offices studies .........

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Offices with nonproduction
bonuses 1/ ...............
Christinas or year-end ...
Profit-sharing .........
Other ................. .

43.6
27.6
10.3
5.7

32.1
12.9
11.6
7.6

61.7
57.5
4.2
-

82.1
39.1
43.0

52.3
27.0
25.3
-

3.0
1.2
1.8
-

74.6
24.2
50.4
-

30.0
23.4
.8
5.8

Offices with no nonproduction
b o n u s e s .......... .

56.4

67.9

38.3

17.9

47.7

97.0

25.4

70.0

1/

Unduplicated total*

TABLE 9.— Insurance and pension plans in Oklahoma City offices, February 1950

Type of plan

Percent of workers employed in offices in
Transpor­
CrudeFinance, tation,
Serv­ petroleum
All
insur­ communi­
Manu­ Whole­
ices
Retail
and
indus­ factur­ sale
ance, and cation,
trade
naturaland other
real
tries
trade
ing
gas
public
estate
production
utilities

All offices studied .........

100.0

Offices with insurance or
pension plans 1/ ........ ..
Life insurance ..... .
Health insurance ........
Retirement pension ......
Hospitalization ........
O t h e r ..... .

87.3
75.3
23.3
64.0
60.1
-

Offices with no insurance or
pension plans ..............

12.7

1/

Unduplicated total




100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

80.9
75.8
44.4
59.6
70.9
-

77.6
72.2
21.0
56.9
42.1
-

99.9
67.5
16.4
88.9
61.9
-

90.4
89.4
43.7
50.6
44.2
-

86.8
75.2
4.2
72.5
55.4
-

19.1

22.4

.1

9.6

13.2

100.0

100.0

79.9
77.2
12.5
65.3
59.S
-

89.3
82.0
28.9
47.3
74.7
-

20.1

10.7

13

APPENDIX A

Scope and Method of Survey
The information presented in this bulletin was collected by visits cf field representa­
tives of the Bureau to representative offices in the city surveyed. In classifying workers by oc­
cupation, uniform Job descriptions were used; they are presented in Appendix B.
No attempt was made to study all office occupations and, in general, the Jobs surveyed
were those that are found in a large proportion of offices and that involve duties that are more
or less uniform from firm to firm. The Jobs studied are more representative of the salaries of
women than of men office workers.
The study covered seven broad industry divisions and In each division only establishments
above a certain size were studied. Office employment in smaller establishments was not considered
sufficiently great to warrant inclusion of such establishments In the survey. A greater proportion
of large than of small establishments was studied In order to maximize the proportion of office
workers that could be surveyed with available resources. Each group of establishments of a certain
size, however, was given only its proper influence on the information presented. The Industries
Included in the study together with the minimum size of establishments and the number cf establish­
ments surveyed are summarized below.

Establishments and workers In major industry divisions in Oklahoma City, and number
studied by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, February 1990

Item

Number of
Minimum
establishments
size of
establish­
Estimated
Studied
ment
total
.
1/

Employment
Estimated
total
2/

In establishments
studled
Office
Total

Industry division
All divisions ...................
Manufacturing .................
Wholesale trade ...............
Be tail trade ...............
Finance, insurance, and real
estate .......... ..........
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities 3 /
Services b / ...............
Crude-petroleum and natural-gas
production ..................

37,700
8,1*00

27

6,500

22,330
5,230
1,770

12

6,700

2,290

6,320
720
630
370

53

22

3,600

2,310

1,330

101
26

15
18

11
11

8,300
2,300

7,1*00

1,920

2 ,1*00
320

26

18

12

1,900

1,1*10

530

256
1*
1
11
79
152

109
11
7

37,700
15,200

22,330

6,320
2,760
1*60
1,960
1 ,11*0

256
25
99

109
1U

28

26

10 1
26
101

Size cf establishment
All size g r o u p s .... ...........
501 and o v e r ..... ....... .
291 - 500 .................. .
10 1 - 250 ....................
26 - 1 0 0 ................ .

bO

51

3,600
12,300
6,600

11,700
2,170

6,100
2,360

l/ Number of plant and office workers.
2/ Plant and office employment In the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area (Oklahoma County).
3 / Excludes railroads.
f/ Business service; such professional services as engineering, architectural, accounting,
auditing, and bockkeeping firms; motion pictures; and nonprofit membership organizations.




- lh -

The information on weekly salaries excludes overtime pay and nonproduction bonuses but
includes incentive earnings. The weekly hours data refer to the work schedules for which these
salaries are paid. Hourly rates were obtained by dividing these weekly salaries by scheduled hours.
The number of workers presented refers to the estimated total employed in all establishments with­
in the scope of the study and not to the number actually surveyed.

Data are shown only for full-time workers, defined as those who are hired
establishments full-time schedule for the occupational classification.

to work the

Information on wage practices refers to all office workers except in the tabulations of
scheduled weekly hours and days in workweek for women workers. It is presented in terms of the
proportion of workers employed in offices with the practice in question. Because of eligibility
requirements, the proportion actually receiving the benefits in question may be smaller.

The summary of vacation and sick leave plans is limited to formal arrangements and ex­
cludes informal-plans whereby time off with pay may be granted at the discretion of the employer
or other supervisor. Sick leave plans are further limited to those providing full pay for at least
some amount of time off and exclude health insurance even though paid for by employers.

In evaluating Information on variations in salaries with size of establishment, in the
few cities in which the coverage Justifies such a summary, it should be remembered that this fac­
tor may be related to others. There Is frequently an important relationship between size and in­
dustrial classification in the broad industry groups used in these surveys.




-

15

-

APPENDIX B

Descriptions of Occupations Studied.

The primary purpose of the Bureau's job descriptions is to assist its
field staff in classifying workers who are employed under a variety of pay-roll
titles and different work arrangements from office to office and from area to
area, into appropriate occupations. This is essential in order to permit the
grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Be­
cause of this emphasis on interoffice and interarea comparability of occupation­
al content, the Bureau’s job descriptions differ significantly from those in
U3e in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In view
of these special characteristics of the Bureau’s job descriptions, their adop­
tion without modification by any single establishment or for any other purpose
than that indicated herein Is not recommended. Where office workers regularly
perform duties classified in more than one occupation, they are generally clas­
sified according to the most skilled or responsible duties that are a regular
part of their job and that are significant In determining their value to the
firm.

BILLER, MACHINE
A worker who prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an
ordinary typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work incidental to billing operations. Should be designated as working on billing
machine or bookkeoping machine as described below.
Billing Machine - A worker who uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers1 purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memoranda, etc.
Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of nec­
essary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which
are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of car­
bon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fan-fold machine.
Bookkeeping Machine - A worker who uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare cus­
tomers* bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally Involves the simultaneous
entry of figures on a customer’s ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates figures
on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard
types of sales and credit slips.
B O O K K E E P E R , HAND'

A worker who keep3 a set of books far recording business transactions and whose work in­
volves most, of the following: posting and balancing subsidiary ledgers, cash books or journals,
journalizing transactions where judgment Is involved as to accounts affected; posting general
ledger; and taking trial balances. May also prepare accounting statements and bills; may direct
work of assistants or accounting clerks.




16 -

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
A worker who operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
strand, Burroughs, National Cash Register) to keep a record of "business transactions.

Sund-

Class A - A worker who uses a bookkeeping machine with or without a typewriter key­
board to keep a set of records of business transactions usually requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the structure of the particular
accounting system used. Petermines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and
other records by hand.
Class B - A worker who uses a bookkeeping machine with or without a typewriter key­
board to keep a record of one or more phases or sections of a set of records pertaining to busi­
ness transactions usually requiring some knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections
include accounts payable, pay-roll, customers* accounts (not including simple type of billing
described under Biller, Machine), cost distributions, expense distributions, inventory control,
etc. In addition, may check or assist in preparation of trial balances and prepare control
sheets for the accounting department.
CALCULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
A worker whose primary function consists of operating a calculating
form mathematical computations other than addition exclusively.

machine to per­

Comptometer type
Other than Comptometer type
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
A worker who performs one or more accounting operations such as preparing simple jour­
nal vouchers, accounts payable vouchers; coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting dis­
tributions; entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling bank accounts; posting and bal­
ancing subsidiary ledgers controlled by general ledger, e.g., accounts receivable, accounts
payable, stock records, voucher journal. May assist in preparing journal entries. For workers
whose duties include handling the general ledger or a set of books, see Bookkeeper, Hand.
CLERK, FILE
Class A - A worker who is responsible for maintaining an established filing system
and classifies and indexes correspondence or other material; may also file this material. May
keep records of various types in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and lo­
cating material in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.
01as3 B - A worker who performs routine filing, usually of material that has already
been classified, or locates or assists in locating material in files. May perform incidental
clerical duties.
CLERK, GENERAL

A worker who is typically required to perform a variety of office operations. This
requirement may arise as a result of impracticability of specialization in a small office or
because versatility is essential in meeting peak requirements in larger offices.
The work
generally involves the use of independent judgment in tending to a pattern of office work from
day to day, as well as knowledge relating to phases of office work that occur only occasionally.
For example, the range of operations performed may entail all or some combination of the fol­
lowing: answering correspondence, preparing bills and invoices, posting to various records,
preparing pay rolls, filing, etc. May also operate various office machines and type as the
work requires. (See Clerk-Typist.)




17 -

CLERK, ORDER
A worker who receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail, phone,
or personally and whose duties involve any combination of the following: quoting prices to cus­
tomers, making out an order sheet listing the items to make up the order, checking prices and
quantities of items on order sheet, distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May also check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer, acknowl­
edge receipt of orders from customers, follow-up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAY-ROLL
A worker who computes wages of company enployees and enters the necessary data on the
pay-roll sheets and whose duties involve: calculating worker's earnings based on time or produc­
tion records; posting calculated data on pay-roll sheet, showing information such as worker's
name, working days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. In addition, may
make out pay checks and assist the paymaster in making up and distributing the pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
CLERK-TYTIST
A worker who does clerical work requiring little special training but the performance
of which requires the use of a typewriter for a major portion of the time and whose work in­
volves typing letters, reports, and other matter from rough draft or corrected copy and one or
more of the following? keeping simple records; filing records and reports; making out bills;
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR if
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities, records account­
ing and statistical data on tabulating cards by punching a series of holes in the cards in a
specified sequence, using a numerical key-punoh machine, following written information on rec­
ords, May be required to duplicate cards by using the duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files on punched cards. May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
A worker who performs a variety of routine duties such as running errands;
minor office machines, such as sealers or mailers; opening and distributing mail,
minor clerical work. (Bonded messengers are excluded from this classification.)

operating
and other

SECRETARY if
A worker who performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior In an adminis­
trative or executive position and whose duties involve the following: making appointments for
superior; receiving people coming Into office; answering and making phone calls; handling per­
sonal and important or confidential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative;
taking dictation, either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine (except where tran­
scribing machine is used), and transcribing dictation or the recorded Information reproduced on
a transcribing machine. In addition, may prepare special reports or memoranda for information
of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
A worker whose primary function is to take dictation from one or more persons, either
in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a normal routine vocabulary, and to

l/

Not surveyed in all cities




- 18 -

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL - Continued
transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See
Transcribing-Machine Operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
A worker whose primary function is to take dictation from one or more persons, either
in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied technical or specialized
vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research and to transcribe this
dictation on a typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in
order, keep simple records, etc. Poes not include transcribing-machine work. (See TranscribingMachine Operator.)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
A worker who operates a single or multiple position telephone switchboard, and whose
duties involve: handling incpming, outgoing, and intraplant or office cedis. In addition, may
record toll calls and take messages. As a minor part of duties, may give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers who also do typing or
other stenographic work or act as receptionists, see Switchboard Operator-Receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
A worker who in addition to performing duties of operator, on a single position or
monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and/or performs typing or other routine clerical
work as part of regular duties. This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this
worker*s time while at switchboard.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
A worker whose primary function is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple
clerical work. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a Stenographer, General.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, TECHNICAL
A worker whose primary function is to transcribe dictation involving a varied tech­
nical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research from
transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work.
A
worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine is classified as a
Stenographer, Technical.
TYPIST
A worker who uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make out bills
after calculations have been made by another person. May operate a teletype machine.
Class A - A worker who performs one or more of the following: typing material in
final form from very rough and involved draft; copying from plain or corrected copy in which
there is a frequent and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreign language copy;
combining material from several sources; or planning lay-out of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in final form.
May also type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B - A worker who performs one or more of the following: typing from relatively
clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms, Insurance policies, etc.; setting up simple
standard tabulations, or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.




A U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 0 — 1950


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102