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OFFICE H
W ORKERS
salaries
hours of work
supplementary benefits

Bulletin




No. 9S6

ATLANTA, GA.
JANUARY 1950
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR • BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Maurice J. Tobin - Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague - Commissioner

Contents
Page
Number
Introduction •••••••••••••••... ................ ................ .
Salaries of Atlanta Office Workers, January 1950 ••••••••......•••••...............
Supplementary Wage Practices ..................... 1

i
1

Tables:
1.
2.
3*
i.
5*
6.
7.
8.
9*

Salaries and weekly hours of work, by industry division...... .
Percentage distribution, by weekly salaries ......... •........•••••••
Scheduled weekly hours ........ ..•.•••••*••.............. .•••••••••
Scheduled days in workweek ••»••••.••••••••••••.... ........ ........
Vacations with pay ••••••••... .............. ♦........... .
Paid holidays ........................ .......................
Formal provisions for paid .sick leave ........... .
Nonproduction bonuses
Insurance and pension plans •••••••••••..... .

3
7
11
11
12
12
13
l£
Ik

Appendix A:
Scope and method of survey..................... ............... .

15

Appendix B:
Descriptions of occupations studied ........ ................ 17

INTRODUCTION
Surveys of office worker salaries were conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in
more than a score of large cities during 19^8-^9. The survey program provides fbr annual resurveys
in a major city in each of 5 broad geographic areas. These cities are Atlanta, Boston, Chicago,
Los Angeles, and New York. Initial surveys will be conducted each year in another 5 important
cities. To the extent that resources permit, salary data will also be brought up-to-date in a few
cities last covered 2 or 3 years earlier.
These surveys are designed to provide salary data for selected office occupations on a
cross-industry basis. Data are also obtained on supplementary benefits, such as vacations, holi­
days, sick leave, and Insurance and pension plans. Salary and related data are provided wherever
possible for individual industry divisions.
The Atlanta study was prepared in the Bureau's Division of Wage Statistics by Harry H.
Hall, Regional Wage Analyst, Region III, Atlanta, Georgia. The planning and central direction of
the project was the responsibility of Tovlo P. KSannlnen and Louis £• Badenhoop under the general
supervision of Harry Ober, Chief of the Branch of Industry Wage Studies.







S A U R I E S OF OFFICE WORKERS IE ATLAHTA, GEORGIA, JANUARY 1950 1/

Salaries
Average weekly salaries of women general stenographers and accounting clerks, numerically
the most important job groups among more than a score of office Jobs studied, were $44 and $43,
respectively, in January 1950. Clerk-typists and general clerks, the next largest job groups in
Atlanta offices, were paid $38 and $42 on the average. The highest-paid women workers, hand book­
keepers, averaged $50. Weekly salaries of office girls, routine file clerks, and class B typists
were grouped at the $33-$34 level (table 1 )
.
Men accounting clerks and general clerks, the largest groups among the 8 men's job cate­
gories far which information could be shown, averaged $52.50 and $51.50 on an all-industry basis.
Men bookkeepers (hand) were paid $65, $15 above the pay level indicated for women in this occupa­
tion. Office boys, the lowest-paid men's job group, averaged $34.50.
Comparison of average salaries paid in the various jobs among the 6 broad industry divi­
sions revealed an earnings advantage for workers employed in offices of manufacturing and whole­
sale trade establishments. Typically, however, the job averages in these divisions exceeded the
all-Industry averages by $3 or less and lower-than-average salaries were paid in several occupa­
tions.
Earnings of individual workers in the jobs studied ranged from less than $25, for a few
women in routine Jobs, to more than $100 paid to a few men workers. Pay rates varied widely in
individual Jobs as well, with the greatest dispersion indicated in men's Jobs. In more than half
of the women's jobs, two-thirds or more of the workers had weekly salaries varying by less than
$10 (table 2 )
.
Although salaries
terms, the Bureau converted
the workweek. On an hourly
and exceeded $1 in half the

for clerical workers are generally expressed in monthly or weekly
the salaries to hourly rates to allow for differences in the length of
basis, occupational averages for women ranged from 84 cents to $1.26
jobs. Hourly averages for men's Jobe ranged from 87 cents to $1.58.

Salaries in Atlanta offices were somewhat higher in January 1950 than in the same month
of 1949. In a majority of the women's Jobs, averages were from $1 to $2.50 above earlier levels.
Men's salaries had increased by slightly larger amounts.

SUPPIEMEHTAEY WAGS PRACTICES
Work schedules
The work schedules in Atlanta offices in January 1950 resembled those in effect at the
time of the Bureau's previous study in 1949* The 40-hour week was the most common schedule in
Atlanta offices; it covered three out of five women. Most of the remaining women were on schedules
of less than 40 hours. Women in transportation, communication, and other public utilities and in
the finance, insurance, and real estate groups generally worked the shortest hours of any groups
studied (table 3). Seven-eighths of the office workers were employed on a 5-day week basis and
most of the remainder worked 5J days (table 4).

l/ See Appendix A for discussion of scope and method of survey




Paid vacations
All establishments visited reported formal provisions for paid vacations for office
workers. Over half of the employee* were In offices granting paid vacations of at least 1 week
after 6 months of service, and all received a week or more after employment of 1 year* Vacations
of 2-weeks' duration, after 1 year's service, were In force for three-fourths of the workers, and
over 90 percent of the employees received similar benefits after 2 years of service (table 5)»
Paid holidays
All but a negligible number of Atlanta office workers received paid holidays* Over 95
percent of the workers received at least 5 paid holidays annually* Nearly 30 percent were In
offices granting 6 paid holidays a year; over 20 percent were compensated for a greater number--up
to and Including 12 days a year (table 6).
Paid sick leave
A fourth of the workers were employed In offices having formal provisions for sick leave
with pay after 6 months of service* Time allowances varied from 3 to over 20 dajB; leave provisions
In manufacturing and wholesale trade were somewhat more liberal than in other Industry divisions
(table 7).
Nongproduotlon bonuses
Over a third of the workers were In offices that supplemented basic pay with a nonpro­
duction bonus* In a vast majority of Instances, the bonus was a Christmas or year-end payment*
Bonus payments were most prevalent In retail trade; offices accounting for over 90 percent of the
employees In this group had earn type of bonus plan (table 8)*
Insurance and pension plans
Establishments employing about 90 percent of Atlanta office workers provided some type
of Insurance or pension plan for which the firms paid at least part of the premiums* Life Insur­
ance provisions were the most prevalent of the various types reported (table 9)*
There was considerable difference among the Industries In the proportion of employment
In offices with various Insurance and pension benefits* Life Insurance, for example, was less
common In transportation, cosmnmlcatlon, and other public utilities than In other Industries, but
over 90 percent of the office workers were entitled to retirement pension plans* Less than half
of the workers In manufacturing were In offices having retirement pension plans but three-fourths
were in offices with hospitalisation plans and nine-tenths were In offices with life Insurance
plans*




TABLE 1.— Salaries

1/

and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Atlanta, Ga., by industry division, January 1950

Median
weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

#1.04

$42.50

$40.50 - $44.50

42.5

1.00

a . 00

39.50 -

42.00

a .o
45.5

1.58
1.22

65.00
54.50

54.50 54.50 -

72.00
62.00

63.00

39.0

1.61

69.00

46.00 -

80.50

105
170

52.50
52.50
57.00

39.5
40.5

40.0

1.33
1.30
1.44

52.00
53.00
56.50

44.00 44.50 46.00 -

59.50
60.50
60.00

81

44.50

38.5

1.15

44.50

34.50 -

50.50

54

53.00

38.0

1.38

51.50

42.50 -

64.50

Clerks, general 4/ ................
Manufacturing .......... .......
Wholesale trade ........... .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..

318
51
170

51.50
48.00
52.50

40.0
40.5

40.0

1.28
1.18
1.31

50.00
44.50
50.00

41.50 39.50 40.50 -

57.50
56.00
58.00

40

50.50

39.5

1.28

50.50

41.50 -

61.50

Clerks, order 4/ ..................
Wholesale t r a d e .......... .

122
83

53.00
53.50

40.5
40.0

1.32
1.34

52.00
52.00

a . 50

42.50 -

59.00
65.00

Clerks, pay roll 4 / ............ .
Manufacturing ................

58
39

50.00
47.50

40.5
40.5

1.23
1.16

48.50
46.50

44.00 43.50 -

59.00
53.50

Office boys 4/ ...................
Wholesale trade ...............
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ......................

167
50

34.50
34.50

39.5
40.0

.37
.87

34.00
34.50

30.00 31.50 -

39.00
39.50

37

31.00

38.5

.80

30.50

30.00 -

32.50

Stenographers, general ............

32

47.50

40.0

1.18

45.50

40.00 -

50.50

312
49
195

39.50
43.00
38.00

40.0
39.5
40.5

.99
1.08

.94

39.50
40.50
37.00

37.00 38.50 34.50 -

40.50
46.00
40.00

32

45.00

39.0

1.16

42.50

40.50 -

48.00

31

37.50

39.0

.96

37.50

35.00 -

40.00

Sex, occupation, and industry
division

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

57

143.00

41.5

28

42.50

106
26

65.00
56.00

30

Hourly
rate

2/

Men
Billers, machine (billing ........
machine) 4 / ................. .............
Transportation, conmiunication,
and other public utilities ..
Bookkeepers, hand 4 / .... .........
Wholesale trade ...............
Finance, insurance, and real
e s t a t e .... .
Clerks, accounting
........... .
Manufacturing
Wholesale trade .............. .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate .................... .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..

Women
Billers, machine (billing
machine) i j ................ .
Manufacturing .......
Wholesale t r a d e ............ .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..
Billers, machine bookkeeping
machine) ...................... ..

See footnotes at end of table.




TABLE 1.— Salaries \J and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Atlanta, Ga., by industry division, January 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

Median

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

Hourly
rate

y
weekly
salary

$48.50 $42.50 50.00
44.00 -

$52.00
52.00

Women - Continued
Bookkeepers, hand 4/ ..............
Wholesale trade ...............
Finance, insurance, and real
estate .................. .
Bookkeeping-machine operators.
class A 4 / .................
Wholesale trade ..............
Bookkeeping-machine operator s.
class B 4 / ....... ..............
Manufacturing........... .
Wholesale t r a d e ..... .
S e r v i c e s ..... ................
Calculating-machine operators
(Comptometer type) Lj ........
’...
Manufacturing......... .......
Whole sale trade ............ ..
Retail trade ..................
Finance, insurance, and real
e s t a t e ..... ................

65

$50.00
51.00

39.5
39.5

$1.26
1.29

49

46.50

39.0

1.19

45.00

42.50 -

48.50

142

45.50
44.50

41.0
42.0

1.10
1.06

43.50

40.00 40.00 -

48.50

39.00
40.50

40.0
40.0

38.00
40.00

a . 50
42.50

40.0

.97
1.02
1.04
1.06

a . 50
41.50

38.00 40.00 39.50 -

178

96
300

55
59
30

39.5

43.50

35.50

48.50
a . 50
44.00

42.50
47.00

152
193

43.00
44.50
44.00
42.00

40.0
40.5
40.5

40.0

1.07
1.11
1.09
1.05

41.00
44.00
a . 50
40.50

38.00 40.00 39.CO 38.00 -

46.00
50.50
48.50
44.50

a

38.50

38.0

1.01

38.00

34.50 -

41.50

110
29
60

39.50

40.5

a .5

40.00
44.00

41.50

40.0

.98
1.09
.92

35.50 33.50 -

a . 50

45.50
37.00

Clerks, accounting Lj .............
Manufacturing ................
Wholesale trade .......... .
Retail t r a d e .............. .
Finance, insurance, and real
e s t a t e .... ................ .
Services ......................

1,042
91
174
73

43.00
46.50
44.50
41.00

39.0
39.5
40.5
40.0

1.10
1.18

40.50
44.00

47.50

1.02

42.00
39.00

37.00 42.00 40.00 -

36.00 -

44.00

201

S3

39.50
45.00

38.5
40.0

1.02
1.13

37.50
46.50

35.00 38.00 -

44.50
50.50

Clerks, file, class A Lj . ........
Wholesale trade ............. .
Finance, insurance, and real
e s t a t e .... .................

138
52

40.50
41.00

39.5
40.0

1.03
1.02

40.00
40.00

37.50 37.00 -

42.50
43.00

44

40.00

38.5

1.04

a . 00

37.00 -

42.50

Clerks, file, class B 4 / .........
Manufacturing .................
Wholesale t r a d e ..... .........
Retail t r a d e ...... .
Finance, insurance, and real
e s t a t e ...... ............

498
28
59
72

33.50
34.00
38.00
32.50

39.0
39.5
39.5
40.0

.86
.86
.96
.82

3 2.5 0
3 2.5 0
36.50
33.00

30.00

31.00 31.00 -

36.00
37.00
42.00
36.00

252

32.00

38.5

.83

3 1.0 0

29.00 -

34.50

Calculating-machine operators
(other than Comptometer type) 4/
Manufacturing ...... ..........
Wholesale trade ............ .

See footnotes at end of table.




475

63

1.10

38.00

-

32.00 -

49.50

40.00
52.00
49.50

TABLE 1.— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Atlanta, Ga., by industry division, January 1950 - Continued

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 7 j

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

Median
Hourly
rate

2/

weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

Women - Continued

40.0
40.0

H5

$42.00
45.00
40.00
41.00

132

41.0
40.5

$1.04
1.13
.98
1.02

$ 40.50
44.00
40.00

40.00

38.5

1.0.3

38.00

35.00 -

44.00

57

48.50

39.0

1.25

46.00

40.50 -

59.50

Clerks. order 4/ ............. ....
Manufacturing ...............
Retail trade .................

187
37
67

42.50
43.50
35.50

39.5
39.0
39.5

1.08
1.11
.91

42.50
42.50
36.00

36.50 36.00 30.00 -

48.00
45.00
39.00

Clerks, nay roll U ..............
Manufacturing ................ .
Wholesale t r a d e ......... .
Retail trade ............ .
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..

254
97
29
50

45.00
45.50
51.50
43.00

39.5
39.5
41.0
40.0

1.14
1.15
1.26
1.07

43.50
44.00
51.00
42.50

39.00 39.00 43.00 40.00 -

50.00
50.50
55.00
48.00

56

44.00

37.5

1.17

40.50

39.00 -

46.50

Clerk-typists 4 / .... .............
Manufacturing .................
Wholesale trade .............. .
Retail trade ............. .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ......................
S e r v i c e s ..... ................

792
106
237
95

38.00
40.50
37.50
36.00

39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0

.96
1.01
.93
.90

37.00
40.00
38.00

36.00

34.50
35*00
34.50
35.00

-

40.50
44.00
40.50
38.00

191
77

37.50
35.00

39.0
40.0

.96
.87

37.00
35.00

34.50 33.50 -

40.50
37.00

Office girls 4/ •.................
Wholesale trade ••••••••••••.••
Finance, insurance, and real
estate •••••••••.... ........

131
30

33.00
34.00

39.5
40.5

.84

.84

32.00
34.50

30.50 30.00 -

35.00
38.00

36

32.50

38.5

.85

31.00

29.50 -

40.50

Stenographers, general 4/ ...... .
Manufacturing ............ .
Wholesale t r a d e .... .........
Retail trade ...........
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ............. .........
Services ............ .........

1,732
254
533
222

44.00
46.00
44.50
42.50

39.5
39.5
40.5
40.0

1.11
1.09
1.06

42.50
45.00
42.00
42.00

39.00
40.50
38.00
38.00

-

48.00
50.50
50.50
46.00

384
152

44.00
42.00

39.0
40.5

1.14
1.04

44.00
a . 50

40.50 37.50 -

48.00
44.50

Switchboard operators 4/ ------___
Wholesale trade .... ..........
Retail trade ................. .

156
58
43

39.50
39.00
36.00

40.0
40.0
40.0

1.00
.98
.91

38.00
37.00
36.00

35.50 33.00 33.50 -

41.50
41.50
38.00

Clerks. general 4/
Manufacturing .............
Wholesale t r a d e .... .
Retail t r a d e ..... ..........
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ................ •••••
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities ..

719
107

See footnotes at end of table.




264

1.16

40.00

$36.50
39.00
37.00
35.00

- $45.50
- 51.50
- 42.50
- 48.00

TABLE 1.— Salaries 1/ and weekly scheduled hours of work for selected office occupations in
Atlanta, Ga., by industry division, January 1950 - Continued

Median
Hourlyrate

y
weekly
salary

Salary range
of middle
50 percent
of workers

10 .9 7

39.0

.95
.98

$37.00
37.00
37.00

$34.00 - $40 .50
37.00 - 39.50
33.00 - 43.0 0

37.50
39.50

3 3 .0
40.0

.98
.99

35.50
39.00

32.50 34.00 -

227
53

a . 50
50.00

3 8 .5
40.0

1.07
1.25

40.50
43.00

37.00 - U .0 0
43.50 - 58.00

143

33.50

38.0

1.02

38.00

36.50

-

40.50

Typists, class A 4 / ............ .
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ••••••••............. .

125

41.50

39.0

1.06

40.50

38.50

-

43.00

57

39.50

3 8 .5

1.08

39.00

37.00 -

40.50

Typists, class B U ................
Finance, insurance, and real
estate ...................... .

474

34.00

3 8 .5

.88

34.00

31.00 -

36.00

280

34.00

38.0

.89

33.50

31.00 -

35.50

Sex, occupation, and industry
division 2/

Average Weekly
scheduled
hours

Estimated
number
of
workers

Weekly
salary

183
43
50

$38.50
38.50
33.00

3 9 .5

44
29

Women - Continued
Switchboard operatorreceptionists 4 / .................
Manufacturing ..................
Wholesale trade .......... .
Finance, insurance, and real
e state ........
Services .....................
Transcribins-machine operators,
general U .......................
Wholesale trade ••••••.........
Finance, insurance, and real
estate

4.0.5

4 1.5 0
4 3.50

1/ Excludes pay for overtime.
2/ The study covered representative manufacturing and retail trade establishments and trans­
portation (except railroads), communication, heat, light and power companies, with over 100
workers* and establishments with more than 25 workers in wholesale trade, finance, real estate,
insurance, and selected service industries (business service; such professional services as
engineering, architectural, accounting, auditing, and bookkeeping firms; motion pictures; and
nonprofit organizations).
2/ Value above and below which half of workers* salaries fell.
t j Includes data for industry divisions not shown separately.




TABLE 2.— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries
in Atlanta, Ga,, January 1950

1/

Percent of men -

Weekly salaries ij

$20.00 « $22.49 ••••••••••••••••••••
•
♦22.50 - ♦24.99 ...............

Billers,
Clerks,
machine BoobClerks, Clerks, Clerks, Office
(billing keepers, account­ general order pay roll boys
hand
ing
machine)
-

-

-

-

-

-

1.8

5.3
5.3
3.5

4.7

0.2
3.0
3.7
1.6

0.3
1.3
9.8

—
4.1

5.2
6.9
—
-

3.6
17.4
20.3
15.5
7.8

♦25.00 ♦27.50 ♦30.00 ♦32.50 ♦35.00 -

$27.49 ...............
$29.99 ...............
$32.49 ...............
♦34.99 ...............
$37.49...............

♦37.50
♦40.00
♦42.50
♦45.00
♦47.50

-

$39.99
$42.49
♦44.99
$47.49
$49.99

...............
...............
...............
...............
...............

5.3
43.9
14.0
7.0
3.5

_
5.7
3.8

4.6
6.4
10.3
7.1
5.5

6.3
12.0
7.5
8.8
4.1

4.1
11.5
5.8
6.6
4.1

24.1
10.3
17.2

♦50.00
♦52.50
♦55.00
♦57.50
$60.00

-

$52.49
$54.99
$57.49
$59.99
$62.49

...............
...............
...............
...............
...............

3.5
1.7
—
7.0

•9
12.3
3.8
2.8
6.6

8.9
4.6
11.5
11.2
4.6

11.6
4.7
7.2
9.1
3.5

20.5
8.2
4.9
6.6
4.9

3.5
6.9
—
1.7
13.8

♦62.50 $65.00 $67.50 $70.00 $72.50 -

$64.99
$67.49
$69.99
$72.49
$74.99

...............
...............
...............
...............
...............

-

8.5
12.3
14.1
2.8

3.4
3.2
4.8
.7
.9

2.8
.6
2.8
1.6
-

1.6
5.7
8.2
-

5.2
-

-

-

3.8
7.5
4.7
5.7
-

.7
.7
—
.5
1.4
.5

1.6
1.9
1.3
.6
.6

1.6
1.6
- •
-

1.7
3.5
-

_
-

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

106

436

318

122

♦75.00 - $79.99 ...............
$80.00 - $84.99 ................
$85.00 - $89.99 ...............
$90*00 — $94*99
$95*00 ■ $99*99 •••••••••••••••••••*
$100*00 and over *•••••••••••... .
Total ................
Estimated number of workers ..•••..«

100.0
57

Average weekly salary 2/ *••••*••«•• ♦43.00 |
>65.00
See footnote at end of table.

881383 0 - 50 - 2




>52.50

—

-

_

♦51.50 ♦53.00

100.0
58

18.0
10.8
2.4
—
2.4
—
—

-

100.0
167

♦50.00 ♦34.50

TABUS 2.— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries
in Atlanta, Ga., January 1950 - Continued

Weekly salaries 3/

Percent of women Bookkeep­ Bookkeep­ Calculating- CalculatingBillers, Book­
machine
machine
ingingmachine keepers, machine
operators
machine
operators
[billing hand
operators, operators, (Comptometer (other than
machine)
Comptometer
class B
class A
type)
type)

$ 20.00 - $ 22.49 ............
$22.50 - $24.99 ............

-

-

-

-

_
1.4
.7

0.3
4.4
13.0
20.0

•
1.1
4.6
13.5

0.9
7.3
10.0
16.4

5 .6

12.3
23.2
9.7
7.6
9.7

14.6
32.7
3.6
1.8
10.9

4.6
3*1
1.5
.4
1.9

1.8

—
—
—

............
..*.*.....««•

1 2 .8
15.1

—
1.7
-

$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50

— $39*99 .**..**•**.««
« $42.49 ••••••••#•#••
$44*99
— $47*49 •••••••••••••
— $49*99 *•**«••**«**.

17.0
23.2
2.9
5.1
1.6

14.0
15.2
11.2
3.4

13.4
25.4
14.1
12.0
9.1

22.0
25.0
7.7
4.3

^>50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00

—
—
—
—

$52.49
$54*99
$57*49
$59.99
$62.49

...******«*.«
.*..«**.«..*.
.«••«••••••*.
............
.*•***•••••..

2.9
3.5
1.6
.7

25.3
li7
3.4
.6
5.0

16.2
.7
5.6
-

1.3
.7

$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50

—
—
—
—

$64.99
$ 67.49
$69.99
$72.49
$74*99

«*.»•*«*****.
.*••*«•••*«**
............
•«•**••*.....

.3
•
-

6.2
.6

............
«*••»*.»•**•«

5.18
3.2

Estimated number of workers .
Average weekly salary

1/

1.0

-

.3
-

—
—
-

1.3
-

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1.1
4.5
-

1.4
-

•-

-

100.0

100.0

100.0

100 .0

100.0

100.0

312

178

142

300

475

no

-

#39.50

See footnote at end of table.




-

-

$75.00 - $79.99 ............
$30.00 — $34.99 .*••**..*.«..
$35.00 — $39.99 .*•***•*.*•*.
$90.00 - $94.99 ...........
$95.00 • $99.99 .*.**•««•*•*•
$100.00 and over ............
T o t a l ......... .

-

m
m

$25.00
$27*50
$30.00
$32.50
$35#00

$27.49
$29•99
$32*4-9
$34.99
$37.49

\/

$50.00

$45.50

$39.00

$43.00

-

$39.50

TABLE 2.— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries 3/
in Atlanta, Ga., January 1950 - Continued

’Weekly salaries j/

$20.00 - $22.4-9................
$22.50 - $24.99 ................

Percent of women Clerks, Clerks, Clerks, Clerks, Clerks, Clerks, Clerkaccount­ file,
file
general order pay roll typists
class A class B
ing

-

-

0 .8

-

-

-

0 .1

1 .8
23.9
23.1
16.7
18.7

_

-

.6
5.1
5.8
17.8

2 .7
4.3
5.3
6 .4
7.0

.4
.8
1.6
11.4

.1
1 .9
7 .8
21.0
19.8

6.4
4.2
.8
1 .0
.4

14.6
17.5
11.3
7.2
4.7

. 9 .1
13.4
20.3
5.9
7.5

13.8
15.4
16.5
7.5
6.7

17.2
16.0
8.2
3.3
.7

.8
.2

5.3
5.3
1 .6
5.9
-

10.6
3.9
3.9
1.6
2.7

1.3
1.3
.3
.5
.5

.
.
-

.8
1.2

$25.00
$27.50
$30.00
$32.50
$35.00

-

$27.49
$29.99
$32.49
$34.99
$37.49

................
................
.................
............... .
................

1.7
8.7
15.2

2.9
2.9
14.5
4.4

$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50

-

$39.99
$42.49
$44.99
$47.49
$49.99

................
................
................
................
................

14.4
17.2
11.5
5.7
7.8

17.4
25.U
19.6
6.5
1.4

$50.00 $52.50 $55.00 $57.50'$60.00 -

$52.49
$54.99
$57.49
$59.99
$62.49

................
................
................
................

7.1
3.2
2.2
1.3
2.6

2.2
1.4

....................

$62.50 - $64.99 ............ .....
$65.00 - $67.49 ................
$67.50 - $69.99 ................
$70.00 - $72.49 ........... .........
$72.50 - $74.99 ....................
$75.00 - $79.99 ....................
$80.00 - $84.99 ....................
$85.00 - $89.99 .................. .
$90.00 - $94.99 ................
$95.00 - $99.99 ....................
$100*00 and over ••••••••••••••••••..
Total ....................
Estimated number of workers •••••••••
Average weekly salary

^

............

See footnote at end of table.




.8
.3
-

.1
.1

-

-

7.4
2.4
1.3
1.7
1.7

-

-

.4
.4
.1

1.4

-

-

-

.8

.4
-

-

.8
-

-

_

.1
-

-

-

100.0

100.0

100.0

1042

138

498

-

100.0
719

$43.00 $40.50 $33.50 $42.00

-

m
m

.4

-

-

100.0

100.0

100.0

187

254

792

$42.50 $45.00

$38.00

- 10 -

TABLE 2*— Percentage distribution of workers in selected office occupations by weekly salaries 3/
in Atlanta, Ga#, January 1950 - Continued

Percent of women -

Switch­ Switch­
board
Office Stenog­ board operatorraphers, opera­
girls general
reception­
tors
ists

Weekly salaries 3/

120.00 - $22.49 .... .......
$22.50 - $24.99 ...........

Transcribing- Typists, Typists,
machine
operators, class A class B
general

2.3
“

-

-

-

-

-

0.6

$25.00
$27.50
$30.00
$32.50
$35.00

-

$27.49
$29.99
$32.49
$34.99
$37.49

...........
...........
...........
...........
...........

16.8
33.6
19.8
11.4

•
•
0.3
1.9
5.0
8.8

1.3
9.0
9.6
21.8

3.8
9.3
16.4
23.0

0.9
1.3
7.1
17.2

_
_
2.4
19.2

1.9
9.3
27.0
22.6
19.8

$37.50
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50

-

$39.99
$42.49
$44.99
$47.49
$49.99

...........
..... ......
...........
...........
...........

9.2
4.6
2.3
_
-

10.1
18.9
17.6
10.0
6.3

21.8
12.8
7.0
3.2
3.8

12.6
14.8
2.7
14.2
-

19.4
18.5
15.4
7.5
.9

12.0
32.8
16.0
6.4
5.6

7.4
8.9
1.1
.8
-

$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00

-

$52.49
$54.99
$57.49
$59.99
$62.49

.........................
........................
........................
...........
........................

—
—
-

10.0
4.3
2.0
.9
.4

2.6
3.2
1.3
_
1.3

1.1

1.6
—
-

3.5
1.3
_
3.5
2.6

1.6
3.2
.8

.2

$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50

-

$64.99
$67.49
$69.99
$72.49
$74.99

...........
.........................
........................
........................
........................

—
—
-

1.5
.6
.3
.2
.3

—
—
1.3

.5
—
—
-

.9
—
—
-

_
—
—
-

—
-

—
-

—
-

—
—
—
_
-

—
—
—
•
»
-

$75.00 ~ $79.99 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
■
$80.00 - $84.99 ...........
$85*00 —$89.99
$90*00 —$94.99
$95.00 — $99.99 ..*.**.*..*..*.
$100.00 and over .*•••••••••••*
Total ...........
Estimated

—
—
100*0

number of workers ... 131

Average weekly salary ij ♦..**. $33.00

1/

Excludes pay for overtime,




.5
.1
—
-

.4
mm
mm
mm

100.0

100*0

100*0

100.0

100.0

100.0

1,732

156

183

227

125

474

$38.50

$41.50

$41.50

$34.00

$44.00 $39.50

TABLE 3 •--Scheduled weekly hours of women in Atlanta offices, January 1950

Weekly hours

Percent of worlters ennDloved in offices in
Transpor­
tation,
Finance,
All
Manu­ Whole­
communi­
Retail insurance,
indus­ factur­ sale
cation, Services
trade
and real
ing
and other
tries
trade
estate
public
utilities

All offices employing women .....

100.0

100.0

100.0

35 hours ••••••••••••....... ....
Over 35 and under 37§- hours .....
3 - - hours
7J
Over 37^- and under 4-0 hours .....
40 h o u r s ........... •••••••••••.
Over 40 and under 44* hours .....
44 hours ••.••••........ ........
Over 44 and under 48 hours .....
IS hours •••••••••••..•••.*.....
Over 48 hours ••••••••••••••••••.

4.3
4.5
11.8
12.1
61.6
..7
4.5
.1
.1
.3

1.2
10.6
2.3
80.2
3.5
1.4
.8

1.6
1.4
5.5

-

-

78.3
.8
11.1
1.3

100.0

-

9.9
86.1
1.7
1.8

100.0

100.0

100.0

3.2
14.7
4.1
37.4
40.6

19.3

2.6

-

-

-

.5
—

-

—

-

63.3
-

-

14.7

87.8
-

-

2.7
—

9.6
-

TABLE 4.— Scheduled days in workweek of women in Atlanta offices, January 1950

Days in week

All offices employing w o m e n .....
5 days ••••••••••••••............
....... ................. .
6 days ............... ............
Other ••......... .
.

5% days




Percent of work:ers employed in offices in
Transpor­
tation,
Finance,
All
Manu­ Whole­
communi­
Retail insurance,
indus­ factur­ sale
cation, Services
and real
trade
tries
ing
trade
and other
estate
public
utilities
100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

88.1
10.9
.2
.8

92.3
7.7
—

84.3
15.7
-

93.8
4.3
1.9
—

85.3
11.7
3.0

97.3
2.7

82.1
17.9

-

-

—

—

- 12 -

TABLE 5.— Vacations with pay in Atlanta offices, January 1950

Vacation policy

All

offices studied .............

Percent of workers emr>loved in offices in Transpor­
tation,
Finance,
communi­
Manu­ Whole­
w Ail
insurance,
Retail
cation, Services
"indus­ factur­ sale
and real
trade
and other
ing
trade
tries
estate
public
utilities
100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

56.4
.3
48.3
4.0
3.3
43.6

58.1
3.2
42.3
12.3
.3
4L.9

43.2
33.1
5.8
4.3
56.8

47.2
47.2
52.8

67.1
52.2
4.9
10.0
32.9

48.4
48.4
51.6

70.4
70.4
29.6

100.0
22.9
.2
75.7
1.2
-

100.0
32.4
67.6
-

100.0
14.9
85.1
-

100.0
52.3
47.7
-

100.0
3.0
92.7
4.3
-

100.0
52.8
1.7
45.5
-

100.0
14.0
86.0
-

100.0
4.7
.2
85.7
9.4
-

100.0
8.8
1.4
77.3
12.5
-

100.0
7.0
91.0
2.0
-

100.0
.5
68.6
30.9
-

100.0
3.0
85.4
11.6
-

100.0
1.8
98.2
-

100.0
8.5
88.3
3.2
-

6 months of service
Offices with paid vacations .....
Under 1 week ................
1 week ......................
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ....
2 weeks .................... .
Over 2 weeks ...............
Offices with no paid vacations ...

-

1 year of service
Offices with paid vacations .....
1 w e e k .............. .
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ....
2 weeks .....................
Over 2 weeks ........... .
Offices with no paid vacations ...

-

5 years of service
Offices with paid v a c a t i o n s.... .
1 week .....................
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ....
2 weeks ......... ...........
Over 2 weeks ...............
Offices with no paid vacations ...
Information not available ..••••••

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

TABLE 6.— Paid holidays in Atlanta offices, January 1950

Number of paid holidays

Percent of workers emi>loyed in offices in _
Transpor­
tation,
Finance, communi­
All
Manu­ Whole­
Retail insurance,
indus­ factur­ sale
cation, Services
and real and other
tries
trade trade
ing
estate
public
utilities

All offices studied .............

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Offices providing paid holidays ..

98.9

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

92.1

Number of holidays:
1 .......................
4 .......................
5 .......................
5
......................
6 .................... .
6
......................
7 .......................
8 .......................
9 .......................
12 ............... ........
Offices providing no paid holidays

.5
1.8
35.5
10.9
28.1
.8
11.6
5.0
4.1
•6
1.1

5.0

28.3
47.1
24.6
-

.5
21.7
57.8
20.0

4.2
40.7
7.2
1.9
2.9
18.7
7.6
14.7
2.1

41.4
52.5
6.1
-

3.5
39.2
10.8
17.7
_
_
20.9

£
£




a .2
1.9
50.9
~
1.0
-

_
-

-

7.9

- 13 -

Table 7*— Formal provisions for paid sick leave in Atlanta offices, January 1950

Provisions for paid sick leave

All offices studied ..........

Percent of workers employed in offices in Transpor­
Finance, tation,
All
Manu­ Whole­ Retail insurance, communi­
indus­ factur­ sale
trade and real cation, Services
trade
ing
tries
estate and other
public
utilities
100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

26.1
.9
5.5
3.8
4.8
3.5
1*2
-

27.3
1.5
H.O
2.5
9*3
-

30.4
3.2
3.9
23.3
-

18.8
5.4
1.8
1.7
9.9
-

34.9
11.0
5.7
4.4
9.7
4.1
-

6.8
2.6
4.2
-

25.0
5.3
5.0
6.S
5.4
2.5
-

Offices with no formal provisions
for paid sick leave

73.9

72.7

69.6

81.2

65.1

93.2

75.0

1 year of service
Offices with formal provisions
for paid sick leave
3 days ................. .
5 days .......... ..........»
6 days ................. .
10 days ............ ••••••••
12 days
15 days
IS days
20 days ................. .
Over 20 days ..............
Information not available .........

28.6
4.6
2.5
6.6
5.7
.8
8.4
-

27.3
H.O
4.0
9.3
-

33 .a

19.6
2.7
5.4
9.8
1.7
-

6.S
4.2
2.6
-

37.2
11.9
5.0
12.4

-

34.9
4.3
8.1
15.4
3.0
4.1
-

Offices with no formal provisions
for paid sick leave ........

71.4

72.7

66.2

80.4

65.1

93.2

62.S

39.1
7.4
1.8
7.7

27.3'
H.O
4.0
-

33.8

44.8
- '
9.8
7.1
25.2
-

34.9
12.4
5.7
3.0
13.8
-

62.8
36.7
2.6

37.2
5.3
5.0
15.5
5.4

23.5
-

6.0
—

55.2

65.1

37.2

62.S

6 months of service
Offices with formal provisions
for paid sick l e a v e ....... .....
3 days
5 d a y s .... .................
6 days ••••••••••...... .....
10 days
12 days ............•••••••••
15 days ......... •••••••.•••
IS days •••••.•••••••••••••••
20 days ...... ..............
Over 20 days ••••••••••••••••
Information not available ........

5 years of service
Offices with formal provisions
for paid sick leave .••••••••••..
3 days ..... ...............
5 days ••••••••••••••••••••••
6 days .................
10 days .................... .
12 days
15 days
IS days
20 days •••••••••••••••••••••
Over 20 days •••.••••••••••••
Information not available ••••••.••
Offices with no formal provisions
for paid sick leave




6.4

3.6
-

.8

-

3.2
3.9
26.7
-

3.2
3.9
-

-

17.8
-

9.3
-

26.7
-

60.9

72.7

66.2

—

2.7

-

5.4
2.5
-

-

- 14 -

Table 8 #— Nonproduction bonuses in Atlanta offices, January 1950

Type of bonus

Percent of workers employed in offices in Transpor­
tation,
Finance,
All
Manu­ Whole­
communi­
Retail insurance,
indus­ factur­ sale
cation, Services
trade and real
trade
ing
and other
tries
estate
public
utilities

100.0 100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

7.9

47.0

5.1
2.8

47.0

-

23.7
2.5
19.3
4.0

22.9

-

-

-

76.3

92.1

53.0

All offices studied ••••••••••••••

100.0

100.0

Offices with nonproduction
bonuses 2/
.... .
Attendance ••••••••••••••••••
Christmas or year-end .......
Profit-sharing ••••••••»•••«•
Other ............... .......

35.6
.7
32.3
3.2

38.1

27.3

91.9

_

-

_

38.1

91.9

8.1

Offices with no nonproduction
bonuses .............

2/

4.3

-

19.3
8.0
6.4

64.4

61.9

72.7

_

Unduplicated total®

Table 9®— Insurance and pension plans in Atlanta offices, January 1950

ffices in mm
Transpor­
tation,
Finance,
All
Marnv- Whole­ Retail
communi­
insurance,
indus­ factur- sale
cation, Services
trade and real
tries
ing
trade
and other
estate
public
utilities
Percent of workers employed in

Type of plan

A2JL offices s t u d i e d ..... .
Offices with insurance or pension
plans 3/ ........ ............. .
Life insurance .......... ..
Health insurance ........... .
Retirement pension
Hospitalization
Offices with no insurance or
pension plans

ij

Unduplicated total,




100.0

100.0

100.0

98.1
88.3
3.0
92.1
56.8

95.1
93.2
7.1
64.7
64.9

98.9
49.0
36.7
91.9
13.8

63.2
63.2
11.9
17.3
32.5

1.9

4.9

1.1

36.8

100.0 100.0

100.0

100,0

90.5
80.0
16.7
55.5
48.4

91.1
91.1
31.2
42.1
76.0

91.6
82.0
21.0
30.9
39.7

9.5

8.9

8.4

- 15 -

APPENDIX A
Scope and Method of Survey
The Information presented in this bulletin v&s collected by visits of field representa­
tives of the Bureau to representative offices in the city surveyed. In classifying workers by oc­
cupation, uniform Job descriptions were used; they are presented in Appendix B.
No attempt was made to study all office occupations and, in general, the Jobs surveyed
were those that are found in a large proportion of offices and that Involve duties that are more
or less uniform from firm to firm. The Jobs studied are more representative of the salaries of
women than of men office workers.
The study covered six broad industry divisions and in each division only establishments
above a certain size were studied. Office employment in smaller establishments was not considered
sufficiently great to warrant inclusion of such establishments in the survey. A greater proportion
of large than of small establishments was studied in order to maximize the proportion of office
workers that could be surveyed with available resources. Each group of establishments of a certain
size, however, was given only its proper influence on the information presented. The industries
included in the study together with the minimum size of establishments and the number of establish­
ments surveyed are summarized below.
Establishments and workers in major Industry divisions in Atlanta, and number
studied by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, January 1950

Item

Minimum
Number of
establishments
size of
establish­ Estimated
Studied
ment
vObaX
1/

Employment
Estimated In establishments
studied
toted
Total
Office
2/

Industry division
All divisions ........ ........
Manufacturing... .........
Wholesale trade ........•••••
Retail trade..... .........
Finance, Insurance, and real
estate .................
Transportation, communication,
and other public utilities
Services kf .............

101
26
101

511
97
222
40

137
33
29
18

86,700
32,800
16,700
15,300

51,880
20,060
4,490
ll,2lt0

13,730
1,900
1,590
2,270

26

78

22

6,800

3,120

3,120

101
26

17
57

ut
21

n,6oo
3,500

11,290
1,680

3,170
1,680

511
2
11
17
*5
»

137
2
n
1^
30
32
2t
l
2t
l

86,700
5,700
18,000
12,lt00
15,600
21,200
6,900
6,900

51,880
5,690
18,040
10,180
10,430
5,040
1,610
890

13,730
1,660
2,630
1,670
4,100
1,820
1,170
680

Size of establishment
All size groups.......... ..
2501 and over..... ........
1001 - 2500 ..............
501 - 1000 ..............
251 - 500 ...............
101 - 250 .............. .
51 - 100 ...............
2 6 - 50 ................

i4o

103
193

l/ Number of plant and office workers.
2/ Plant and office employment in the Atlanta Metropolitan Area (Cobb, DeKalb, and Fulton
Counties).
3/ Excludes railroads.
t/ Business service; such professional services as engineering, architectural, accounting,
auditing, and bookkeeping firms; motion pictures; and nonprofit membership organizations.




- 16 -

The Information on weekly salaries excludes overtime pay and nonproduction bonuses but
includes Incentive earnings. The weekly hours data refer to the work schedules for which these
salaries are paid. Hourly rates were obtained by dividing these weekly salaries by scheduled hours.
The number of workers presented refers to the estimated total employed in all establishments with­
in the scope of the study and not to the number actually surveyed.
Bata are shown only for full-time workers, defined as those who are hired to work the
establishments full-time schedule for the occupational classification.
Information on wage practices refers to all office workers except in the tabulations of
scheduled weekly hours and days In workweek for women workers. It is presented In terms of the
proportion of workers employed In offices with the practice In question. Because of eligibility
requirements, the proportion actually receiving the benefits In question may be smaller.
The summary of vacation and sick leave plans Is limited to formal arrangements and ex­
cludes informal plans whereby time off with pay may be granted at the discretion of the employer
or other supervisor. Sick leave plans are further limited to those providing full pay for at least
soma amount of time off and exclude health Insurance even though paid for by employers.
In evaluating information on variations in salaries with else of establishment, in the
few cities In which the coverage Justifies such a summary, it should be remembered that this fac­
tor may be related to others. There is frequently an Important relationship between size and in­
dustrial classification in the broad industry groups used in these surveys.




- IT -

APPENDIX B

Doscriptlong of Occupations Studied

The p r i m r y purpose of the Bureau’s Job descriptions Is to assist Its
field staff In classifying workers who are employed under a variety of pay-roll
titles and different work arrangements from office to office and from area to
area, Into appropriate occupations* This Is essential In order to permit the
grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content* Be ­
cause of this emphasis on Interoffice and Interarea comparability of occupation­
al content, the Bureau's Job descriptions differ significantly from those in
use In Individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In view
of these special characteristics of the Bureau's job descriptions, their adop­
tion without modification by any single establishment or for any other purpose
than that Indicated herein Is not recommended* Where office workers regularly
perform duties classified In more than one occupation, they are generally clas­
sified according to the most skilled or responsible duties that are a regular
part of their Job and that are significant In determining their value to the
firm.

BIXIZR, MACHINE
A worker who prepares statements, bills, and Invoices on a machine other than an
ordinary typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work Incidental to billing operations* Should be designated as working on billing
machine or bookkeeping machine as described below*
Billing Machine - A worker who uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
Fisher, Burroughs, etc*, which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
Invoices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memoranda, etc*
Usually Involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges and entry of nec­
essary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which
are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually Involves a large number of car­
bon copies of the bill being prepared and Is often done on a fan-fold machine*
Bookkeeping Machine - A worker who uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
Fisher, Remington Rand, etc,, which may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare cus­
tomers* hills as part of the accounts receivable operation* Generally involves the simultaneous
entry of figures an a customer's ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates figures
on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances* Does not Involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard
types of sales and credit slips*
BOOKKEEPER, HAND
A worker who keeps a set of books for recording business transactions and whose work in­
volves most of the following: posting and balancing subsidiary ledgers, cash books or Journals,
journalising transactions where Judgment is involved as to accounts affected; posting general
ledger; and taking trial balances* May also prepare accounting statements and bills; may direct
work of assistants or accounting clerks*




- 18 -

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
A worker who operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
strand, Burroughs, National Cash Register) to keep a record of business transactions.

Sund-

Class A - A worker who uses a bookkeeping machine with or without a typewriter key­
board to keep a set of records of business transactions usually requiring a knowledge of and
experience In basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the structure of the particular
accounting system used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items
to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and
other records by hand.
Class B - A worker who uses a bookkeeping machine with or without a typewriter key­
board to keep a record of one or more phases or sections of a set of records pertaining to busi­
ness transactions usually requiring seme knowledge of basic bookkeeping* Phases or sections
include accounts payable, pay-roll, customers* accounts (not including simple type of billing
described under Biller, Machine), cost distributions, expense distributions, inventory control,
etc. In addition, may check or assist in preparation of trial balances and prepare control
sheets for the accounting department.

CALCULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
A worker whose primary function consists of operating a calculating
form mathematical computations other than addition exclusively.

machine to per­

Comptometer type
Other than Comptometer type
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
A worker who performs cos cr more accounting operations such as preparing simple jour­
nal vouchers, accounts payable vouchers; coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting dis­
tributions; entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling bank accounts; posting and bal­
ancing subsidiary ledgers controlled by general ledger, e.g., accounts receivable, accounts
payable, stock records, voucher journal. May assist in preparing journal entries. For workers
whose duties include handling the general ledger or a set of books, see Bookkeeper, Band,
CLERK, FILE

Class A - A worker who is responsible fen* maintaining an established filing system
and classifies and indexes correspondence or other material; may also file this material. May
keep records of various types in conjunction with files or supervise others in filing and lo­
cating material in the files. May perform incidental clerical duties.

Class B - A worker who performs routine filing, usually of material that has already
been classified, or locates or assists in locating material in files* May perform incidental
clerical duties,

CIJfiRKj,.,
A worker who is typically required to perform a variety of office operations. This
requirement may arise as a result of impracticability of specialisation in a small office or
because versatility is essential in meeting peak requirements in larger offices.
The work




- 19 -

CLERK, GENERAL - Continued
generally involves the use of independent Judgment in tending to a pattern of office work from
day to day, as well as knowledge relating to phases of office work that occur only occasionally.
For example, the range of operations performed may entail all or seme combination of the fol­
lowing: answering ccorrespondence, preparing hills and invoices, posting to various records,
preparing pay foils, filing, etc. May also operate various office machines and type as the
work requires. (See Clerk-Typist.)
CLERK, ORDER
A worker who receives customers' orders for material or merchandise hy mall, phone,
or personally and whose duties involve any combination of the following: quoting prices to cus­
tomers, making out an order sheet listing the items to make up the order, checking prices and
quantities of items on order sheet, distributing order sheets to respective departments to he
filled. May also check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer, acknowl­
edge receipt of orders from customers, follow-up orders to see that they have been filled, keep
file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAY-ROLL
A worker who computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the
pay-roll sheets and whose duties involve: calculating worker's earnings based on time or produc­
tion records; posting calculated data on pay-roll sheet, showing information such as worker's
name, working days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. In addition, may
make out pay checks and assist the paymaster in making up and distributing the pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

CLERK-TYPIST
A worker who does clerical work requiring little special training but the performance
of which requires the u b o of a *typewriter for a major portion of the time and whose work in­
volves typing letters, reports, and other matter from rough draft or corrected copy and one or
more of the following: keeping simple records; filing records and reports; making out bills;
sorting and distributing Incoming mall.
KEY-PUNCH OPERATOR l/
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities, records account­
ing and statistical data on tabulating cards by punching a series of holes in the cards in a
specified sequence, using a numerical key-punch machine, following written information on rec­
ords. May be required to duplicate cards by using the duplicating device attached to machine.
Keeps files on punched cards. May verify own work or work of others.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
A worker who performs a variety of routine duties such as running errands;
minor office machines, such as sealers or mailers; opening and distributing mail,
minor clerical work. (Bonded messengers are excluded from this classification.)

operating
and other

SECRETARY l/
A worker who performs secretarial and clerical duties far a superior in an adminis­
trative or executive position and whose duties involve the following: making appointments for
superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making phone calls; handling per­
sonal and important or confidential mall, and writing routine correspondence on cwn initiative;
taking dictation, either in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine (escept where tran­
scribing machine is used), and transcribing dictation or the recorded information reproduced on
a transcribing machine. In addition, may prepare special reports or memoranda for information
of superior.

1/

Hot surveyed in all cities




- 20 -

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
A worker whose primary function is to take dictation from one or more persons, either
In shorthand or "by stenotype or similar machine, involving a normal routine vocabulary, and to
transcribe this dictation on a typewriter. Hay also type from written copy. May also set up and
keep files in order, keep simple records, etc. Roes not Include transcrlblng-machine work. (See
Transcrlbing-Machlne Operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, TECHNICAL
A worker whose primary function is to take dictation from one or more persons, either
in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine, involving a varied technical or specialised
vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research and to transcribe this
dictation on a typewriter. May also type from written copy. May also set up and keep files in
order, keep simple records, etc. Roes not include transcrlblng-machine work. (SeeTranscribingMachine Operator.)
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
A worker who operates a single or multiple position telephone switchboard, and whose
duties involve: handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office calls. In addition, may
record toll calls and take messages. As a minor part of duties, may give information to per­
sons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers who also do typing or
other stenographic work or act as receptionists, see Switchboard Operator-Receptionist.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
A worker who in addition to performing duties of operator, on a single position or
monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and/or performs typing or other routine clerical
work as part of regular duties. This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this
worker98 time while at switchboard.
TRARSCRIBIHG-MACHIKE OPERATOR, GEHERAL
A worker whose primary function is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcrlblng-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple
clerical work. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a Stenographer, General.
TRAHSCRIBIHG-MACHIHE OPERATOR, TECHNICAL
A worker whose primary function is to transcribe dictation Involving a varied tech­
nical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research from
transcrlblng-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work. A
worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by stenotype or similar machine is classified as a
Stenographer, Technical.
TYPIST
A worker who uses a typewriter to make copies of various material cr to make out bills
after calculations have been made by another person. May operate a teletype machine.
Class A - A worker who performs one or more of the following: typing material in
final form from very rough and involved draft; copying from plain or corrected copy in which
there is a frequent and varied use of technical and unusual words or from foreign language copy;
combining material from several sources; or planning lay-out of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing; typing tables from rough draft in final form.
May also type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B - A worker who performs one or more of the following: typing tram, relatively
clear or typed drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; setting up simple
standard tabulations, or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.




☆

U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1950 O - 881383


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102