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TABLE OF CONTENTS.

Page

Report by
rency
Report by
Report by
Report by
Report by
Report by
Report by
Report by
Report by
Report by

Mr. Woodbury on the Finances and Cur-.
Mr. Woodbury on the Finances
Mr. Woodbury on the Finances
Mr. Woodbury on the Finances
Mr. Woodbury on the Finances
Mr. Ewing on the Finances
Mr. Forward on the Finances
Mr. Forward on the Finances
Mr. Spencer on the Finances
Mr. Bibb on the Finances




Sept., 1837
Dec., 1837
Dec., 1838
Dec., 1839
Dec., 1840
June, 1841
Dec., 1841
Dec., 1842
Dec., 1843
Dec., 1844

1
89
175
231
351
437
461
485
597
649

DECEMBER, 1M3.

TREASURY D E P A R T M E N T , I)ece7?i6er 6, 1843.
S I R : By the act of Congress, approved May 10, 1800, it is made the
duty of the Secretary of.the Treasury '*to digest, prepare, and lay
* befbre Congress, at the commencement of every session, a report, on the
' * subject of-finance; containing estimates of thepubUc revenue arid pubUc
* expenditures, and plans fpr improving or increasing, the revenues, from
*time to time," By the act of 26th August, 1842, the fiscal year of the
Treasury.is directed to commence on the first.day of July'in each year,
beginnirig with that day in the year 1843; and it is provided that the
report and estimates required to be prepared and laid before Congress
atthe commericeiiient of each sessiori, by the Secretary ofthe Treasury,
shall be a repbrt and estimates for each- fiscal year,, commencing as
aforesaid, and terminating on. the 30th day of June in the succeeding
calendar year. In obedience to. these laws, the following report is submitted,.
The act of 1842 contemplates that estimates of the receipts and
experiditures of the fiscal year, comrnencing 1st July, 1844, should be'
furriished at the comniencement Pf.the present session of Congress.
They, have, accordingly, beenjprepared, and are herein presented.
The estimates for the current fiscal year, commencing 1st J.uly, 1843,
.were made in.December, 1842; so much in advance of the time to which
they related, t h a t they were necessarily conjectural to a great extent.
They can npw be reridered mpre exact, by a knowledge of the true
State pfthe Treasuiy at the commencement ofthe fiscal year, a n d b y a
better ,aGqua:intance with the necessities of the. various branches of the
.public servicpi AccPidirigly, the differerit Departments have been
tequested to revise, their r-espective estimates. Upon the information
thus pbtained, a corrected account of the 'actual and estiniated receipts
and expenditures ofthe current fiscal year, commericing the 1st pf July
last, has also been prepared, and is now submitted.
In order to fill the chaslnin the accourits between the 31st day of
Deceniber, 1842, arid the Ist day pf July, 1843, caused by the ehange
in the fiscal.year, and to ascertaiii the true balgince in the Treasury on



598

R E P O R T S OF T H E

[1843o

the ist of July, 1843, it becomes necessary to exhibit a statement ofthe
receipts and expenditures during that time; which is accordingly presented herein. It will be seen that the expenditures exceeded, and the
receipts fell short of, the estimates for that period. An account of the
actualreceipts and expenditures of the calendar year 1842 is also,
annexed to this report, a part of them only having been hitherto submitted to Congress, in which the expenditures will be found classed under
general, yet distinctive, heads of appropriation, so as to exhibit, briefly
and intelligibly, the subjects .to which they have been applied. It is an
abstract ofthe warrants issued to the Treasurer, pursuant to the appropriations by Congress, and paid by him. It does not embrace the trustfands or indemnities, although it does include what are usually called
outstanding warrants—which, in fact, are not outstanding, but are
merely unsettled, having been paid by the Treasurer to the parties who
presented them, by checks and drafts on the public depositories and
receivers, but which had not been returned at the time ofthe settlement
-of his accounts,' although most, if not all of tliem, had, in fact, been
paid. ,
''
The statements o f t h e receipts and expenditures for the half year
between the 1st of January and the 1st of July, 1843, and .for the tirst
quarter of the new fiscal year, are also founded upon the entries in the
books ofthe Register ofthe Treasury; and make no. distinction between
warrants settled or unsettled. These statements, therefore, show accurately the payments that have been made according tothe appropriations, by Congress, although all the evidences of those disbursements
required by the auditing officers may not have reached their offices.This mode of exhibiting the state ofthe Treasuiy has not always been
observed. The money apparently in the hands of the Treasurer has
sometimes beeri so stated as to leave the impression that itwas an available balance. The average of outstanding warrants (as they are called)
for a series of years, has been deducted' from the apparent balance,
instead pf deducting the exact ainount that remained unsettled. But
when a warrant has been issued to the Treasurer, and paid by him, the
amount is effectually disposed of, and cannot be reached by Congress,,
whether the Treasurer's account of such payment is settled or not. The
mode now pursued, therefore, is deemed the proper one to exhibit the
amount in the Treasury subject to appropriation. This explanation is
made to account for discrepancies that may appear between the statements and tables herewith presented, andthose in fbrmer reports.
These accounts and estimates presenta connected series from the 1st
ofJanuary, 1842,: to, the 1st of July,. 1845, and exhibit the ojierations of
the Treasury for the last two years, (with the exception pf the present
quarter,) its present, condition, and its future prospects. The results
deduced from thern, and the views they suggest, will now be presented
• in the order of time in respect to the different periods to which they
relate.
;;
• ' '
.
' .
RECEIPTS, EXPENDITUIIES, &C., OF 18421

According to the settlement of the Treasurer's accounts on the 1st day
ofJanuary 1842, there was in the Treasury. . . . . . . .$28,685,111 08



1843;]

SECRETARYOFTHETREASURY.

599

From which is to be deducted as not available—
Amount deposited with the S t a t e s . . . . . :$28,101,644 91
Balance of trust funds 1st of January
• 1842
...-.....:
374,521 18
2 8 ^ 6 , 1 6 6 09.
The outstanding warrants at'the close of
the year 1841 w e r e . . :
.'
Total liabilities.'..'

.$29,289,434 55

Deficiency of means to meet w a r r a n t s . . .
; .

."

. 813,268 46

........
•

$604,323 47
$29,289,434 55

Instead of any available balarice in the Treasury on the 1st of JaiiUT
ary, 1842, there was, therefbre, a deficiency to meet the outstanding
warrants of . . . . . . .
..
•,
:
..
$604,323 47
From the accompanjting statement, (A,) it appears that the receipts
into the Treasury during the year 1842, exclusive of trust funds and of
the avails of Treasury notes and loans, were
.$19,643,966 40
The expenditures of the same year, exclusive of the
sums paid on the redemption of Treasury notes, and
interest on them and on recent loans, and on account
of the old public debt, w e r e . . . : . . .
23,921,037 60
The excess ofexpenditures over revenue was
-'.
.
The amount paid on account of the old public debt,
Treasury notes, and'interest on them and on loans,
was..
....
T P supply the deficiency in the revenue, and to provide
.means for the redemption of Treasury notes*, others
were issued, and loaris obtained to the amount bf
And a.;balance was thus left in the Treasury, on the 1st
of January, .1843, (exclusive of deposites with the
States, indeiiinities, and trust funds, and deducting
outstanding warrants,) subject tb appropriation, of. . . ,

4,277,071 20
8,477,868 94
•'
14,808,735 64

1,449,472 03

RECEIPTS, EXPENDITURES, &C. OF THE FIRST SIX MONTtlS OF 1 8 4 3 .

The balance in the Treasury on the first of Janua.ry, 1843, exclusive
of deposites with. States, trust funds, and outstanding
warrants, w a , s . . . . 1
:
•'.. $1,449,472. 03 '
By the acompanying statement,. (B,), it appears that the receipts
between the 1st of January and; 1st of July, 1843, exclusive ofthe avails
of Treasury notes.and loans,, were. . :
:
$8,065,325 46
And the expenditures, exclusive of the sums paid on
account ofthe public'debt, were. '. '
10,698,390 83
Expess of expenditure over revenue.



: . . . , * . . . . . . . $2,633,065 37

^00

=

REPORTS OF T H E

^

•

p84a-

The aniount p.aid for rederaption of Treasiiry notes, and for principal
and interest on the public debt, w a s . - . . . : . . . . . . .
.$861,607 4'7
To supply the deficiency, and tp provide means fbr the '
...
redemption of Treasurynotes, others were issued, and
loans obtained to the aniount of.
;.
. 5,545,708 36
And a loan was made, under the act of March 3, 1843,
of $7,000,000, of which nearly the w'hole was
received during the quarter
:
• 6,934,000 00
Which left a balanee, on the 1st of July, 1843, of. . . . . 10,434,507 55
This lai'ge apparent balance arises from the circumstances that, while
nearly the whole proceeds ofthe seven-million loan we're paid in during
•the half-year, the amount of notes redeemed by those proceeds does not
appear in the accounts of that period, but is contained in those of t h e
riext quarter.
'
The real balance, excluding the loan and the notes subsequently
redeemed, was about......
.
$3,370,000 00
REVISED ESTIMATE OF THE RECEIPTS. AND EXPENDITURES FOR .THE FISCAL YEAR COMMENCING JULY 1, 1 8 4 3 .
"

The accpunts of the first quarter of the piesent fiscal year-—that is„
from July 1st, to September 30th, 1843—exhibit the follbwing results:
•

.

Receipts.

From c u s t o m s . . . . . .•.:..•.'.
. ' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $6,132,272 09
Sales ofpublic lands . fi . ' ; . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • .388,870: 22
MisceUaneous and incidental
26,871 43
Total revenue received-. .••........
. . . .6,548,013. 74
Residue of subscriptiori to loan of seven, inillions...
66,000 00
T o t a l . . , . . . ^ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,614,013 74
Balance in the Treasury, July 1,1843. .".
10,434,507 ,55
Totalmeans. . . : . . . .

.

'..

;

17,048,521 29

Expenditures.

' .

Civil, miscellaneous, and foreign intercourse.
$1,016,257 17
Army proper. . . . . .
'..,..'......:
858,785 15
Fortifications, ordnance, arming militia, &c.. . . .
..
610,400 90
Indian d e p a i t m e n t . . . : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : 880,171 88
• Pensions....
. . . . . . . . : . . . . . . . . . . . : . , . .::•.......-.
806,800.04
Jtaval establishment
^.
. . . . . . . . . . . . : / . - : . . . x 2,049,387 36^
Interest, &c., public debt.
. , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . :.^. ,. 95,555 48
r

Total exclusive of redeniption of T r e a s u r y notes. a n d
. i n t e r e s t . . . . . . . . . . . 1. .^
...,.......:......



6,317,357 98

JL843.J

SECRETARY OF T H E TREASURY.

601

Paid bn redemption of.Treasury nptes and i n t e r e s t . . . . $6,902,031 54
• Total payments for the quarter. . . . . . . . . : . . . . . 13,'219,389 52
Leavirig a.balance o n t h e 1st of'October, 1843, of . . . .

3,829,131 77

ESTIMATES FOR THE REMAINING THREfe.QUARTERS OF THE FISCAL YEAR.

Balance at the end of. the first quaiter, 30th September,
1843

5,829,131 77

Estimated, Receipts..
Second quarter, from customs
/ ...
. " ...
"
" lands. . . ^ . . . . . . . . .
Third quartei',> :fi'om c u s t o m s . . . . . . . . .
'' ' . .^'"
''' • l a n d s . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fpurth quartei;, from c u s t o m s . . - . . . . . . .
* ~ ."
V
^ • lands
^
....
MisceUaneous. . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . ; . . . . . . , .

$3,100,000
• 537,000..
4,6.00,000
•500,000
.3,600,000
520,000
50,000
12,907,000 00
.16,736,131 77

. Total means . . . . . . . : . . : . ...

Of the specific appropriations alieadyunlade by law applicable to the ser vice-of the. last and the Currentfiscal
year, thereremains unexpended . . . . . . . . .
.. *
.
$19,509,635 89
Of this balance there will not be •required to be expended
. d u r i n g the year, but wiU be required duriiig the next;' ' •
..
year, for the oivil list, fbreign intercourse, .and. iniseelr
. laneous .•^.........^...:....•..-..:.•.......•.... $352^387 41
, Military estabUshment.......................2,255,638 65 . •
• • .
.
2,608,026 06
And which wifl not be required, and may' ,
be carried to the surplus f u n d . . . . . . . . . . 504,940 73
3,112,966 79
Leaving of the specific appropriations which, according •
to the; data furnished by the respective Departments,
" will be required during the year.
....,•..^.•. 16,396,669 10
T o wliich is tb be added amount of permanent and indefinite appropriations which w^illbe required
. . 2,577,713 88
Additional appropriations necessaiy
289,012 96
•

•. .

•

; .

;

• .;

• $19,263,395 94

V . This sum is. compPsed of the. following items:
.
Civil list, fbreign intercourse, and misceUaneous
$4,759,037 09
Army-proper:"^:,....
2,775,528 06
Fortificatioris, Ordnance, arming militia, . & c . . . . . . . . . . . 2,674,906 91



602

R E P O R T S OF T H E

Indian department
Pensions . . . .•
'
'.
Naval establishment
Interest, &c., publicdebt..

[1843.
$1,642,482 71 . . ' .954,578 46
- . 5,053,070 76
: . 1,403,791 95

'.
-•.

•
. . ...

/
The means in the Treasury, as above stated, are
Deficiency......:

19,263,395 94
'.i. 16,736,131 77
. ^ . . $2,527,264' 1,7

Itwill be seen that a sum exceeding two millions and a half is deducted
from the appropriations already made, on the ground that it will not be
required to be paid out during the fiscal year. Being actually apprppriated by Congress, and Uable to be used even during the year, ,and
certainly within a short" time after its expiration, the undersigried has
hesitated to deduct the amount-from the expenditures; and although this
has been done in conformity with usage, this explanation is necessary to
prevent mistake. Notwithstanding, this .deduction, it will be perceived
that there will be a deficiency bf more than two million five hundred
thousand dollars. • To this deficiency must be added the aniount of such
special appropriations as Congress may make during the present session,
in addition to the appropriations for which estimates are submitted in
another report. It is a duty also to remark, thatthe credit of the Treasuiy,
the facility ofits operations, andthe necessity of guarding against unforeseen contingencies, have usually induced Congress to makeprovision.for
a small surplus. T h e r e i s nothing-in the circumstances of the present
j^ear to induce a departure from such a provident, course; and, for that
purpose, a million and a half of dollars ought to be added to the deficiency above stated. The whole amount to be provided for the service
of the present fiscal j^ear, beyond the means now existing or estiniated,
would, therefore, be about $4,000,000. .
ESTIMATE OF REVENUES AND EXPENDITURES FOR THE FISCAL. YEAR COMMENCING JULY 1, 1 8 4 4 , AND TERMINATING JUNE 3 0 , 1.845.

Revenue.
From customs.
From sales of public lands .
From miscellaneous sources.

fi.
:.

.$20,000,000 OO
• 2,250,000 .00
..........
50,000 00
$22,300,000 00

^

. •. Expenditures.

According tothe data furnished-by the different Departments, therewUl
be required the balance of former appropriation's.
$2,608,026 06
Permanent and indefinite appropriations
" 2,318,189 02
Specific appropriations for the service of the year . . . . . 21,950,844 11
• ' ' '•^' • '. • ;• •..;
•



'

'

•;''$26,877,069 19-

1843.]

S E C R E T A R Y OF T H E TREASURY.

603

This sum is composed o f t h e following items:
j '
CivU Ust, foreign intercourse, and miscellaneous objects.. $4,659,904 .98
Army proper.
3,926,096 07
Fortifications, ordnance, arming mUitia, &c...-.
•. 4,478,112 19
Indian department
:
2,330,355 14
Pensions .
..'
1,555,844 57
Naval estabUshment
. . . ' . . . 8,894,007 22
Interest; &c., on the pubhc d e b t . :
1,032,739 02
$26,877,059 19
Probable deficiency, iridependent of other specific appropriations that
may be made by Congress..
:
$4,^577,059 19
The estimate of the proceeds of the sales of public lands is founded
upon the expectation that all the Miami lands in Indiana;, or those in the
Choctaw cession of .1830 in Mississippi, will be brought into market. If
both tracts should be offered for sale, the amount from that source may
be increased $400,000. If neither should be offered, the estimated.
^ amount wiU be reduced $250,000.
'
.
The preceding estimates are made on the assuniption of; the continu-anceof the existing laws for the collection of duties on imports and tonnage, and for the sale of the public lands; and, of course, will be affected
by any changes in those laws. The fluctuations of commerce forbid
an iinplicit reliance upon any prospective calculations for a long term.
Those now presented have been made from the best infbrmation that
could be obtained, and from a comparison with the receipts of previous
years.- The large amount of eighteen millions received in 1842 from
customs is not to be wholly credited to the business of that .j^ear. It
includes $4,808,66Q 11, the amount of duties which had accrued in 1841,
and was secured by .bonds that were paid in 1842 ; and also $567,000
of Treasury notes redeemed by the coUectors in the former year, but whicb
were credited in 1842; thus leaving the actual receipts from the duties
ofthe year at less than thirteen millions. It will be perceived that there
was a decided improvement in the duties on imports during the year
1843; for during the firstthree quarters of that year the receipts exceeded thirteen millions, and, from returns already received, it is quite certain
those of the fourth quarter will amount-to morethan three millions-—making a total of more than sixteen millions for. the calendar year.
Various general considerations,, and particular^ that the stocks of imported goods were, during the last two years, nearly exhausted, induce
the belief that the revenue from this source will continue to augment
under the present laws for the next two years; but itis doubted whether
this increase will exceed three or four millioris. It is belieyed that habits
of economy, are prevailing among our'fellow-citizens, stimulated and
strengthened by the sad consequences of overtrading and a spirit of
speculation.. The disposition to husband their meins prevents )the purchase of many superfluous articles bf foreign manufacture which were
formerly in extensive use. Many fabrics which were heretofore imported,'
. and neariy all those which are necessary tb our comfort, (excepting those



604

R E P O R T S OF T H E

.

[1843>

compbsed of silk,) are. manufactured within our own bprders as w^ell,
and are furnished as cheaply, as the productions ofPthercountri.es. ; Tbis
cause has for several years gradually reduced the consumptiori of foreign
merchandise, and will contiriueto operate, and, in connection with a ri:iore
healthful economy, will materially affect the revenue. The estimates of
receipts from customs for the ensuing eighteen months have been .framed
in reference to these considerations.,
A table bas been piepared under my direction, which accompanies
this report-(G,) exhibiting the value of foreignmerchandise imported and
reexported from-1821 to 1842, and showing the value of articles cojasumed or left on hand during each year. By a comparison of this table
with another, (I,) also hereto annexed, showing the value of merdhandise
imported, and the duties accruingthereon .for each year dui'ing the sarrie
period, it will be perceived, as a general result, that the duties weie the
greatest duringthe years wheii the largest amounts of imported goods
were either consumed or left on hand. A'comparison of these for the
several years will afford a very good idea ofthe average consumption of
foreign.goods,-and the balances that must have been-left on hand'; and
will justify the conclusion that the largest amounts of duties were founded
upon the excess of importation over consumption;-—in other words, that
the regular and steady consumption of the country did nbt furnish; the
means from which those excessive revenues were derived. The inference to be drawn frbm these results" is, that we are not to expect such
amounts of duties as characterized the 5^ears 1831, 1832, 1835, 1836,
and 1839, without the existence of the same cause—-impprtations beyond
our wants. . And, indeed, a more general iriference may be drawn, that
.without the intervention of some, extraordinary causes, which there is
now no reason to anticipate, w e cannot rely upon more thari a very
moderate increase of duties from customs, bearing.a prpportion to the
.increase of population, for years to come.
With a. view to furnish the infbrmation coUected in this Department
respecting the course and fluctuations of,our foreign commerce, in a COIH
venient form for examination and reference, several very valua;ble tables
have been prepared, which are annexed to this report. Among them,,
besides those already mentioned,, is a statement of our exports of domestic
produce and of. foreign goods, distinguishing those subject to-duty fforri
those that were free ; also tables of the most important articles imported
-from those countries with which we have the most intercourse, designating
thern respectively; and also of our exports tathe same countries. There
is also a table showing the gross revenue of each year, the expenses
chargeable upori' it, and the net proceeds. AU these .erribrace the period
from 1821, when the statistical reports were first made, to. the year
1842.;. • • ".
; ' ••• ' - •
. • .
•;
.' •
The proceeds of the sales of the public lands have been estimated frorh
the best elements within reach. .The demand.fPr these lands is steady,
whileit is moderate.;; and there is no reasonto anticipate the: wild, and
excessive rage for purchases which'at one time "prevailed. If the tide of
emigration sbould take its-course towa.rds the shores of the Pacific,'it
might materially afiect the Goverriment sales of larids.. The tracts set
apart to the new States j arid located by them, being or Ukely to be iri the



1843.]!

S E C R E T A R Y OF T H E TREASURY.

605

market, will also have an influence upon the questipn. These,. and
other considerations, not pf equal magnitude, but having a bearing upon
the result,, have induced the undersigned to doubt whether the rbceipts .
from: the sales of lands will be equalto the estimates subniitted, which
have been obtained frpm the General Land Office,,and are founded upon
large, purchases being made pf tracts that will be biought into the
market.
The expenditures; for the next eighteen mpnths will be diminighed to
a considerable extent, in consequence.of the distribution of the proceeds
pfthe sales of public lands having ceased; of no approxiriations being
necessary for new purchasesof Indiari lands;, of various public b:uildiiigs
beretofore authorized .being,coinpleted.; and, it is.hoped, of the claims
of militia and volunteers being nearly satisfied: Yet, from present
appearances, it. seems certain that the deficiencies above; stated will
exist during the present and the next fiscal year. They are but continuances, of similar deficiencies which commenced immediately after the
deposites were made'with the States, arid have continued forthe last
seven years.
'
•
The. a.pcoiiipanyiiig„ table. (C) exhibits the receipts from the varibus
sources accruing between the 1st of January,. 1837, and 30th September,
1843; the expendit-ures exclusive, of payments; for principal or interest
ofthe public debt,..those made. pn.that account, and the actual balances
in- the- Treasury. .
It willbe seen that the. deficiency has been diminished during the last
three .years, having been at the.rate of seven hundred thousand dollars
less, per year duriiig that, time than .during the preceding four years.
The.average rate of revenue per aniium accruing betweeii .the 1st of
Januaryj 1.837-,,and the 31st December, 1840, was twenty-one millions
of doUars-; while that betweeii the 1st-of January, 1841, and the 30th
September, 1843,.• was eighteen million two hundred thousand dollars
per year.
.;
.
...
The accruing revenue stated in the table erribraces all the receipts
into the Treasury during, the periods referred. to, excepting those from
d.ebts and other funds existing prior to. 1837, in reference to the firstmentioned period; and with a. like exception of receipts frpm similar
funds which existed before 1841, in reference to the second period; and
excepting, in both cases,, the means derived from loans. .Und Treasury
notes. This view is taken for the purpose of ex.hibiting the actual
revenue, independent of accidental and extrinsic additions. Thus,
during the first four years the deliciency in.the ordinaiy revenue was
supplied by the balance in the Treasury on the 1st of January, 1837,
of 1,16,087,278 88, by receipts from debts and other funds existing before
the .1st Januaiy, 1837, to the amount-of $8.,576,697 63, and by-Treasury
notes. During the last two years and nine months, the deficiency was
partly supplied by the balance in the Treasury on .the 1st of January,.
1841, viz: $1,196,627 65;. b y receipts from funds. existing befbre the
last-mentioned day, to the amount of $720,723 .99; and the residue by
loans and Treasury notes. .•
It wUl be perceived, also, that the expenditures for the four years,
for aU purposes.otlier than the public debt, averaged at the rate pf twenty


606

R E P O R T S OF T H E

[1843!

eight million one hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars per year;
while those of the same character for the last two years and nine mpnths
averaged at the rate of twenty-four miUion-four hundred and forty-eight
thousand dollars per annum. The. reduction in expenditures for the
last-mentioned period was much greater than the diminution of revenue.
The pa5''nients on account of the principal and interest of the old
public debt,, and the intereston loans and Treasur}?-notes during the
last-mentio^ried period, exceed two millions; while those between' 1837
and 1840 weie less than seven hundred thousand dollars.
From the preceding'estiniates and statements, it appears that there
will be required for the service of the present fiscal 'year, beyond the
means in the Treasury.
*
.$4,000,000 00,
And for the service of the fiscal year, comniencing July
1, 1844, beyond the probable revenue at least.:
.. 4,500,000 00
$8,500,000 00
The loan of .1841 becoming due January 1,1845, amounts
to . . . . , : . . . . ;$5,672,976- 88
The balance ofthe Treasury notes which were outstanding
on the 3d March, 1843, and were not redeemed by the
last loan, aniounts "to.^.
.
1. 4:,656,387 45
With respect to the last item, the balance of unredeemed Treasury
notes, it is supposed that adequate provision for the present is made by
existing laws, Avhich au.tiiorize the funding such notes in a. ten .years'stock, or the reissue of them before the 1st of July, 1844. Some observations will be fqund in a subsequent part of this report, explanatory of
the views and course of this Department in regard to these Treasury
notes. In this place it is deemed "proper only to express the opinion that
no legislation will be .necessary to provide for this amourit of more than
four miUions and a half, other than the continuance, .by Congress, of the
provisions of the act of March 3d., 1843.
The loan made under the .act of 21st of July, 1841, is in terms
redeemable at the option.of the Government after the 1st of January,
1845; yet, it is not doubted that the understanding of the lenders at the
time was, as it alwa.ys is in. respect to loans on similar terms, that it
would be ledeemed at the specified time. In the opinion pf .the undersigned, the practice of rendering loans indefinite or uncertain as to the
times of'pa.yment, ought not to be indulged when it can possibly be
avoided. A postponement,, supposed to be temporary, from year to
year, embarrasses the operations of the Treasuiy, by the uneeita.inty of
the. demands which may be made upon it. In the present abundance
of money, it is believed that a new loan might be obtained on a ten or
fifteen years' stock, on terms ,^more favorable to the Government than
those on which that about to becoiiie due was procured. This^eourse
is'recbmmended, also, bythe consideration thatthe probable deficiency
in the revenues ofthe next fiscal year, to meet the brdinary expenditures,
willbe sufficientto call forth, all our resources without encountering
this add.itional aniount. The remaining $8,500,000 ' (the estimated '
expenditures over, the receipts of the present and next fiscal year) must "



1843.]

SECRETARY OF T H E TREASURY.

. 607

be avoided, in whole or in part, by a reduction of the public expenditures; or provision must be made to meet them, by an increase in
the revenue. Both these topics, therefore, demand consideration.
First. A reduction in the expenses ofthe Govemment.
The subjects fbr retrenchment fall peculiarly within the province of
the legislative branch ofthe Government, particularly those o f a general
character. There are some, however, which are necessarily better
known to the Departments having charge of them. It is believed that
the expense of collecting the revenue from customs may be materially
diminished by the abolition of some • collection districts, and of some
officers in other districts which have ceased to be useful, and by a more
exact regulation of the .compensation of those ofiicers who may be
retained. The subject has heretofbre been brought to the a.ttention of
Congress; and it is again respectfully .submitted to its consideration.
Any additional information that has been obtained, and the. views ofthe
Department in detail, will cheerfully be communicated to the appropriate
committees.'
.
A large and unnecessary expense is frequently incurred in- the proceedings to obtain judicial condemnation of goods of small value, which
have been seized as having been illegally imported. In one collection
district, and in a single quarter, out of forty-three cases of seizure, balances
of costs were paid bythe United States in thirty-nine of them, averaging
fifty-fbur dollars in each suit. This is probably an extreme case; but
the evil is known to be very general. 'If no claimant ventures to appear,
the conclusion.seems irresistilDle that no.defence exists. It is submitted,
therefore, whether a more prompt and economical mode of proceeding
may not be adopted, consistent with the rights of all. Congress has
made liberal provision for the remission of Ibrfeitures, where they have
been incurred without fraudulent intent, by a short and simple process,
• ^wliich saves to the applicant the cost of a trial. Itwould seem but
just that a similar principle should apply in favor of the Government.
In cases where the appraised value of the goods seized shaU be less than
'one hundred dollars, an ample public notice might be given, requiring
claimants to appear and give security for costs in case of failure; and in
default of a claim, the goods might be sold at public auction, and the
proceeds deposited in the Treasury fpr a convenient period prior to final
distribution—rto be refunded in the proper cases.
The act regulating the. amo.unt of compensation to be retained out of.
their fees by clerks of district and circuit courts when the same person
officiates in both capacities, has received a coristruction by one of the
^eircuit'-jpourts which defeats the purpose that Congress seems, to have had
in view; and requires amendment, if it be intended that.the surplus of
fees, beyond the given' amount, shall belong to the Treasury.
Considerable expense might be saved by-a modification of the-act of
June 12, 1840, which would allow the consolidation of two or more
surveying districts,-whenever the remaining surveys therein could, inthe
opinion of the Department, be completed under the surveyor generat of
one of them;, and by authori zing the discontinuance of land offices, Avhenever their expenses exceed twenty per cent, of the. annual amount of
sales, and arinexing the lands unsold to.some other pffice.
•



608

R E P O R T S OF T H E

,

[1843.

The acts niaking permanent and'indefinite apprppriations might, with
great propriety, be revised with a. view, of ascertaining whether justiceto the country, as well as economy-,'does not require the repeal of som.e
of them; or at least a limitation of the time for which they shall remain,
or pf that in which applications shall be m.ade.and. the proofs completed.
The expenses charged upon the judiciary fund.call for. examination and'
regulation, and \y ill be the subject of .a- special report.
.'•
Secondly. It becomes the duty of the, undersigned to examine^ the
remaining question presented—whether any, and what, provisions can.be
made to meet the contemplated deficiencies, or such .portion of them, as'
may exist after tlie reductions which C qngiess maj^' direct.. The ;alternatives which-suggest.themselves, a r e : direct taxation,- an' augmentation
of the p.roceeds of the sales of public lands, the. increase of-existing
duties on imports, and the imposition of duties upon-articles now free-.
It is presumed that direct taxation of real .or personal p.roperty would
not be attempted until all other resources have .faileGl. The undersigned.
has, therefbre, nothing to suggest on this subject..
It is not believed that anj^- modification of the land laws can be niade,,
by which aiiy^ permanent increase of revenue from the public domain canbe secured. Some temporary, accession might be obtained by reducing
the price of land offered for sale;; butit would be with the hazard, if not
certainty, of destroying a rich- fountain, wlibse regular and- ste'ady streani
is kept up by maiiitaining a moderate price, adapted to the circumstances
of our fellow-citizeiis, and yet not inviting.speculative investments. .Our
ultimate resource, then, must be the duties on imports. And when it is
considered how large apo.rtion"pf the expenditures of the Governinent is
caused bj^ our light-houses, by our foreign-intercourse, by our Navy,.anfJ^
other means to protect arid extend our commerce w.ith foreign nations,
and with how much more equality and equity a . tax upon the importation of foreign nierchandise operates upon all. classes, than any other
mode of rai-sing revenue, with liow much more ease it is collected, and;
how it entirety avoids, all collis.ion with .the State sovereignties respectingthe subjects of taxation, this mode bf-supptying the wants of the Goyernment will 'commend itself to favorable, corisideration.
Sufficient informatiori has not yet been obtaine.d respecting the practical operation of. the act of 26th August, 1842, establishing the existing
rates of duties on fbreign" importatioris, to authorize an a;ccura-te opinion
.of the probable results of its different provisions. The commerciar statistical statement required by law, enibrabing the returns from the 30thof September, 1842, to the 30th June, 1843, is iii course of preparation
by all the force that can be appUed to it, a n d i t is"hoped, will be laid;
before the two Houses of: Congress in the co.urse ofthe ensuing montli.
As it wiU embrace the first nine months during which the present tariff
has been in operation, it w i l l probably pontain the desired-information,
But the undersigned feels bound, to say that, from the examination of
reports he has. caused to be m a d e from the principal ports, and,from ageneral view of our commerce., after the best "consideration which he
could give to the subject, he has npt "been;able to discover-any of the
existing duties which can-be increased with any reasonable prospect bf
•augmenting the • re'venue. The: danger from this source is, that articles



1843.]

S E C R E T A R Y OF T H E TREASURY.

609

upon which high duties are levied will either be clandestinely introduced
or not imported at all. I t i s believed that to the great vigilance which
has prevailed during the past season along the coast, and on our extended
inland frontier, it is mainly owing that the fraudulent importations (which
had been -aiiticipated b}^ some) have been prevented. • The temptation,
however, should not bb carried so far that success in one enterprise will
remunerate for the Ibsses in several failures.
. .
On the other hand, looking at the subject exclusively in its bearings
upon the revenue, the undersigned is not prepared to specify any veiy
important rates of duty that wili bear reduction, unless the deficiency be
supplied by duties upon other articles, Those levied on glass, particular
kinds of iron, coal, and. sugar, are considered by many too high for
revenue purposesi Should the statistical information befbre referred to
exhibit such a result, in respect to these or any other articles, they wiU.
doubtless arrest the attention of Congress.
.
.
- ••'.-.• Assuming (what will probably be found to be the case) that nb
essential improvement of the revenue is likely to be effected, at least for
the present, by anincrease of the duties already existing, or b y a reduction of.them, it becomes necessaryto inquire wdiether anj^ articles now
free of duty can with .propriety be subjected to a moderate impost^ and
whether there are any other means of providing for the anticipated _
deficienc5^
• "
. The articles now free of duty, which present themselves, most prom-inently.as subjects of impost, are teas and coflee. In the last annual report
frpm this Department, this.source of revenue was indicated. The necessity
of resorting to it is as apparent, and .more urgent now than it was then.
The opinions of inipprters of these articles, pf merchants, and of officers
of the customs, in various. pa.rts ofthe United States,-as communicated to
this Department in pursuanceof its request, are uiianimously and decidedly
in favor of such duties, as.*''more equal and less burdensPme than any
other mode by whieh the same amount could be collected." From the
organization of the Government tp the year 1832, duties were-laid uponthese articles. In that year they were repealed, in pursuance oftherecommendation of the President, which was made, as he stated, in
consequence of the national, debt being extinguished, and the revenue
being abundant for the pubUc service. The reason for thatpolicy having
ceased, and additional revenue being indispensable for the most ecbnpmical administration of the Government, it cannot be doubted that our
fellow-citizens wiU acquiesce in the necessityw h i c h requires such an
impost as cheerfully as in any-other burdens which they- are called, to
bear for the secu;rity arid protectioii bf themselves, their" property j their ^
rights, and hberties.
*
Notwithstanding the opinions of some, I carmot doubt thatthe price of \
these ajticles would be enhanced to the eonsumer, to some extent, by the j
imposition of duties. But it may be questioned whether this effect would J
not be temporarj^ Coffee is. raised in various cpuntries, and the amount 1
produced has increased of late years rapidly. Shpuld the competition ]\
between those cpuiitries.be or become so active as to enable us to cboose \
the source of supply, the duty, may fall.upon the prpducer. In respect, |
to-teas, the opening ofthe China trade, and the exchange for them of oui? |
VOL. IV.—39.



610

R E P O R T S OF T H E

[1843.

I coarse cotton fabrics, instead of specie, as heretofore, will eriable us to
;i obtain larger supplies and at cheaper rates. But whatever may be the
^increase of price to the consumer, and whether it be permanent or tem.Hporary, it would be.fairly distributed among the whole conimunity, for
ijriearly all are consumers;- and, by a proper adjustment of the rates, it
^ would fall chiefly upon those who used teas ofthe most expensive kind.
Hence a specific duty, in reference to cost, would be most advisable. In
order to exclude a spurious article, which has sometimes forced its way
ambng us, it would be expedient to fix a mini mum, value at sixteen or
twenty cents per pound. . A duty of five cents per pound on all teas
costing twenty-five cents or under, of seven cents upon those costing
from tvventy-fiye to thirty-five cents, and thus advancing the duty according to the cost, would afford the most certain and practicable mode of
coUection, while it would be the least burdensome. With respect to
coffee, it is represented that the difference in value between the varibus
descriptions in use among us, is, not such as to render an advcilorem duty
necessary or expedient. A moderate specific duty of two cents per
pound, when brought from the,country ofits growth, in Asia,'Africa, or
America, and three cents per pound when imported from Europe, itis
believed, would be fair and moderate. Such a duty may be estim.ated
to produce at least two million five hundred thousand- dollars. Frbm.
• a duty on teas, graduated as above suggested, we may expect tp realize
about one million'five hundred thousand dollars. Much, however, will
depend upon the terms of our trade with China. It cannot be supposed
that duties to the amount of four miUions, distributed amorig riearly
eighteen millions of persons, would be seriously felt by any, even assuming
that the consumers would exclusively bear the burden,, and that it .would
not be divided between them and the producers.
^ Among the ineans of improving the revenue, the duties pn tonnage arid
.
light money, heretofbre collected, have received consideration. In 1831
these duties were repealed, except as to the vessels of those countries
that impose duties on goods ^and tonnage, discriminating between their
own vessels and ours. In respect to those "nations, counter discriminating
duties on our part still remain. • They vary in amount; but their annual
produce, on. ai\ average of the last twelve years, is about sixty thousand
dollars, although for the last year it was less than thirty thousand doUars.
It is respectfully submitted whether it would not be expedient to direct
that this duty, as^ collected, should be applied to the relief of sick and
. disabled seanien, in aid of the hospital fund. Although this ainount
would not furnish an adequate provision for this meritorious class of
citizens, yet in connection with other provisions hereinafter suggested, it
wonld, to a great-extent, relieve Congress from the. appropiiations ordinarily made to supply the deficiency in that fund.' The advantage of
such an arrangementwould be to avoid the distressing contingency of
an inability -to.meet the /cases of suffering that occur after the fund is
exhausted, and previous to an appropriation.
.. Considering the disadvantages'under which our navigation now suffers
from various causes, the undersigned is mot disposed to recommend the
restoration of the ^general tonnage duty. But it is deemed worthy of
corisideration whetber the vessels enjoying the benefits of our very expen


1843.]

SECRETARYOFTHETREASURY.

611

sive light-house establishment ought not, in justice, to contribute to its
maintenance. The light duty was repealed at the same, time with the
general tonnage duty, and, it is believed, for the same reason—^the "aibun-^
dance of revenue then existing. That reason has ceased to exist. ,, Our
revenue is not adequate to the ordinary expenses of the Government.
A duty of six cents per ton upon all vessels engaged in the foreign trade,
to be paid upon each entry into our,ports, (except that not more, than one
duty shall be required for any one month,) and a like duty annually upon
vessels engaged in the, coasting trade and fisheries, would produce on
the present tonnage about two hundred and thirty thousand dollars—-less
than one-half of the average annual expenses ofthe light-houses. The
annual duty would be so light as scarcely to be felt; and if other suggestions contained in this report, by which the interests of our navigation
may be promoted, shpuld receive favorable consideration, they will be
more than remunerated for the amount of duty now proposed.
It is worthy of consideration •\yhether the revenue niight not be improved, and the navigation of the country augmented, by the imposition
of a transit duty upon imported merchandise, on its passage from one of
our ports to the dominions of a foreign State immediately adjoining the.
United States. By the existing law, no drawback whatever is allowed
in such cases, except to foreign places to the southward or westward of
Louisiana.. The facility affbrded by the improvement of our interior
communications, and by the application of steam, for the rapid and safe
transmission pf goods from our own seaports to the British doniinions,
together with the early closing of the ports of the latter by ice, and the.
late periods at which_they open, would ordinarily induce a preference to
that mode of supply, and at particular seasons would be so advantageous
to our owri citizens as to secure a very large portion of this cariying
trade, besides giving additional employment to, our ships. The policy
which has in effect prohibited this trade, doubtless arose from the, apprehension that it might affbrd opportunities forthe illicit reintroduction into
this country ofthe goods thus exported. It was adopted at a time when
the whole amount of duties collected on merchandise, with a deduction
of one per cent., was refunded on its reexportation.
It is submitted whether the introduction ofthe just and judicious priii-^
ciple of retaining a much larger percentage of the amount of drawback,
and the imposition of duties in the colonial ports, have not changed, to a
great extent, the ground of this policy. It is not perceived what motive
of interest can exist to smuggle into this country goods which have paid
this transit charge and these duties, rather than the merchandise which,
underexisting laws, may be reexported to Halifax, and carried from
thence into the same dominions. Whatever apprehensions may exist on
this point, it is not doubted that they ma.y be removed, by adequate
guards. Among these may be suggested the designation of the ports
from which only the reexportation might be permitted, and the production of official evidence that the same goods had been received, entered,
and paid duties in the adjacent British dorniriioiis to which they were.
reexported. It cannot be doubted that such a measure would tend
greatly, to the increase of our tonnage, arid restore to our own ships a
trade, of which our own policy has, to a great extent, deprived them.



612

REPORTS OF THE

[184$.

In the last, annual report from this Depaitment, the atten tion of'Congress was invited to the warehouse system, and various communieations
fi'oiii custom-house officers and inteUigent merchants were submitted. It
is certainly worthy of inquiry whether the time during which iniported
goods ale .-.permitted to remaiii in the charge of custom-house ojEficers rnay
not be extended, so as to relieve the importers from the aidvance of the
duties which they a.re now obliged to inake before the amount is. reaUzed
by sales of the goods. The frequency of the communications betweeri
our shores and those of Great Britaiii,: and their surprising regularit}'',
have doubtless mitigated the burden of these advances upon our own
citizens, as the goods to be imported-from that country-are, in effect,
warehoused there,^ and are sliipped according.to the supposed demands
of the market. . But it may be well to inquire whether this mitigation is
not, in fact, destinctive of that portion of the importing business of our
own citizens upon which it operatbs, by transferring it tb those, upon
whom the burden falls lightly, if at all/ Possessing large capitals, and
able to comriiand money at much lower rates of interest than our own
citizens, British merchants can better afford to keep large stocks on
hand, or to advance the duties upon such as they send tous: Thesame
advantages in their favor exist also in respect to''merchandise imported
from the continent and' other parts of the world-. . In the abserice of
regular^and speedy communications, the stocks of this description must
be ordiiiarily large, and the advance of duties upon them must absorb
capital and cause a very serious inroad upon the profits of business. It
is represented that the importing trade is now chiefly in the hands of the
agents of fbreign houses. Independbnt of other consideratioiis which
will suggest themselves, the consequences to our navigation, to the building of ships, and .to the emploAmient of our own. seamen, pf giving to subjects of other countries the selection of the means of conducting commerce
with us, may be very serious. And it will riot escape intelligent legislators to inquire hpw far it is intrinsically just to deniand of one class of
our citizens the advance to the Government of a portion bf their capital,
while it is not required from any other class.. The iinpoiters are, infact,
the collectors of the duties for the Goverrinient;' and it.would seem that
very cogent rpasons of public policj'- should exist to compel them to p a j
over befbre they had collected. The general opinion to be derived' from
the corresponderice communicated to Congress in tlie report before
mentioned is, that the revenue from customs would be augniented after
the first year by tlie warehouse system, in coiisequenceof the greater
facility that would be given to importaLtions, andof-a fair and increased
conipetition, arid, consequently, a probable reductipn in prices;' that
fluctuations in the ainount of imports would be prevented; and that our
commercial marine would/be increas.ed, by rendering this country the
entrepot for merchandise destined tp other-markets.. In these views I
am inclined to repose great" confidence. The better opinion would seern.
to be, hp\yever, that the systein of warehousing should be' restricted to
prominent articles of. considerable bulk,'and paying high specific duties,
such" as wines, liquors, ^ugar, iiiblasses, ii'on, &c. "Doubtless the effect
would be to postporie the coUection of that portion of the duties-which
would accrue on the warehousbd articles. ' This temporary effect must



1843.]

S E C R E T A R Y OF T H E TREASURY.

613

be met whenever the systerri shall be adopted; and it may as well be
encountered-now as at any other time. If the consequence would be,
as anticipated, an augmentation of the. ievenue, it could nbt well happen
too spon. The temporary deficit which might be created could be provided, for by an extension of the authority to borrbw.
. The loan of seven millions, which has been previously mentioned,
was effected in pursuance of the act of March 3d, 1843. By that act,
two mbde's of providing, for the amount of.Treasury notes then outstanding were authorized: one, by a reissue of notes; the other by a loan
on a stock for not more than ten years. The notes outstanding at the
passage of the act amounted to $11,656,387 .45, of which more than
$8,000,000 fell due before the 1st of July, 1843, and the residue in the
ensuing mbnths. The hazard of a demand for moriey being created by
any sudderi revulsion, which might be produced 'by contingencies in
other countries, or by causes over which we had no control, seemed to
require that an amount equalto two-thirds of our arinual revenue should
not.be left in a condition tobe thrown upon the Treasury, and thus absorb the means of carrying on the Government. Nothing appeared to
justify the belief that theie would be such an extraordinary increase in
our revenue ..for j^ears' to eome as would be necessary-to meet such a
demand. It was, therefore, deenied advisable to put beyond the reach
of accident such a portion of this large outstandirig debt as would relieve
the Department frbm any apprehensions of inconvenience or danger frpm
the residue. The great plpiity of money, which niight be temporary,
also invited to such a course, "as at all events saving a considerable
amount of interest. The state of things actually existing as contemplated by the third section of the act referred to; a loan was accordingly
riiade, under the direction pf the President of the United States, of seven
millions of dollars,, upon a ten years' stock, bearing an interest of five
per cent, per annum,, payable semi-annually, at the rate of one hundred
and one dollars and one cent for every.hundred dollars of stock, for
nearly the whole—^a small portion having been taken on ternis still more
favorable. The persons to-whom, and; the terms on which the stock
was awarded, and the names and proposals of those whose offers were
not accepted, are given in a statement (marked E) accompanying this
report.
By the furids thus provided. Treasury nPtes bearing six per cent, interest, to the amount of seven millions, have been redeemed. There then
reinained pfthe outstanding notes, $4,656,387 45. These notes also
bore an interest of six per cent, which was considerably above the value
.of money. It seemed -a very obvibus duty to exercise the authority given
by the first section of the act of 1843, of issuing other'notes, in such
.fprm and on such terms as would promote the cprivenience of the Treasury; and avoid the dangers and expense pf remitting cPin to the public
agents fpr disbursement, and at the same time save to, the country the
greatest amount of interest. The eertain prospect: of the condition bf
the Treasury, which has been exhibited in this report, adnioiiished to
this; course, independent of all other considerations. Notwithstanding
.a;ll interest had ceased upon more than two millions Pf the outstanding
-Treasury notes, in consequerice of the notice giveri of a readiness to



614

R E P O R T S OF T H E

[1843

redeem the whole amount, yet it was perceived .that they were not pre
sented, for redemption, but were ..retained by the people for the purpose
of remittance in the transaction of their business. This fact indicatec
that the whole aniount could probably be reissued, as the outstanding
notes should be redeenied in others of a low denoniination, without any
or at a nominal interest: and that they would be received with aviditj
by the public creditors, if made, convertible into coin on deniand. Ir
this state of things, and for these reasons, it was determined, with the
sa^nction of the President, to issue notes of the denomination of fiftj
dollars, with interest at the rate of one mill per annum upon one bun
dred dollars, and to exercise the authority given by the eighth sectiono
the act of 1837, by purchasing these notes at par, whenever presentee
for that purpose at the depositories of-the Treasury in the city of Nevi
York, where two-thirds of our revenue and means are coUected anc
deposited: and to give notice of such a determination by an endorse
ment upon the notes. It was doubted whether' the bonds required bj
law to be given by collectors, or any other officers, would extend to i
responsibility for funds that might be placed in their hands to make sucl
purchases; and hence it was deemed impracticable to employ them fb'
that purpose, if it had otherwise been considered expedient.
The notes are made payable in one year, rather in conformity tc
the construction heretofore given to the act of 1837, than from" a conviction of its being required by that act. The object of the seconc
section seems to be to prevent them from running, or bearing interes
longer than a year. It is silent respecting any shorter period, apparently
with the view of leaving some discretion. The notice that they will be
purchased is endorsed on them, distinct from the bpdy of the notes; sc
that, if any extraordinary emergency should occur to produce any difficulty in their purchase, oi* for any other reason it should be deemed expedient, the endorsement may be omitted, and the notes permitted tc
circulate without intere.st, or they may be altered to specify a rate
They are riot only receivable for all public dues, but may be exchangee
for specie at par, at the custom-houses arid land offices, to the aniount o:
one half the coin the}^ may respectively have on hand. Less than twc
hundred and seventy thousand dollars of the new notes have beer
issued.
The effort had been made by a former Secretary to substitute notes
with nominal rates of interest, and also notes with the low rate of twc
per cent; but it had not succeeded, in consequence of their not being
convertible into coin on demand; fbr, as the present value of a post note
is diminished iri exact propprtion to. the time it has to run before maturity, a discount upon it can only be prevented by allowing interest equivalent to that time. The question of convertibility, therefore, was in
truth a question whether interest should or should not be' saved, as the
permitting the notes to be at a discount was not to be tolerated.
No apprehension was or is entertained of the perfect ability of the
Department to purchase all that ma}'- be presented for the purpose,
There is, and always must be, a surplus in the Treasury beyond the
immediate calls upori.it. This, with a revenue more than three times
the amount of the notes cpnstantly accruing,, wbuld be adequate, as its



1843.]

S E C R E T A R Y OF T H E TREASURY.

615
I

place could always be supplied with other notes, with or without inters
est, as circumstances required, with which a portion of the public expenditures could be met. In the possible event of a large accum.ulation,
Trea.sury notes bearing such interest as woulcl insure loans not exceeding the prescribed rate, or a resort to the authority to issue a stock, would,
either of them, be sufficient to provide the necessary funds to meet such
accumulation.
The exigencies of the Treasury elemaiided that the effort should be
made to reheve it from such a weight of interest,: especially as it would
not preclude a return to the system which invites banks to hoard Treasury notes, by allowing them an interest, while they borrow of the community, without interest, to the extent of their circulation.
. The authority given by the Constitution to *'borrow money on the
credit of the United States," in its terms comprehends every form of
loan which Cpngress may think proper to prescribe; and it is not easy
to perceive how this express and uncpalified grant of power. ca.ii be
•limited or curtailed. Certaiii it is, that the most, distinguished among
those who contend for a strict construction of the Constitution, have
given their sanction to the existence of this power, in the form of bills
of credit or Treasuiy notes.
Well-founded objections exist to borrowing, without an urgent necessity, in the form either of permanent loans or those of a temporary character. That necessity must also influence the terms and conditions of
either mode. The former, by putting off the day of payment to " a more
convenient season," removes the most effectual check to prodigality, and
offers a temptation of difficult resistance. It has, accordingly, proved the
bane of all Governments. The policy of the Treasuiy-note system,
seems to have been devised to guard against this evil by bringing the
day of payment close upon that of expenditure; and itwould seem that
the more immediate the liability to pay, the more would that policy be
promoted. The postponement even fbr a year invites to profusion, and
no check can be so effectual as instant responsibility. Every loan thus
made direct^ from.the people, is in fact made not in consideration of.
the interest agreed to be paid by the Government, but literally and solely
upon *'the credit of the United.States."
If, after such Iiotes have answered the purpose of Governmerit in promoting convenience, security, and economy in the public disbursements,
they should, in consequence of their uniform value, be kept in circulation to any considerable extent, by our fellow.-citizens, fbr their own
convenience in -maintaining internal trade-, and keeping down the fluctuations of exchange between different parts of the country, arising from
a disordered currency, it is not perceived how such a-result affords
ground for objection to a system constitutional in itself, and adopted for
legitimate and constitutional objects. ' It is submitted that ,the Government is responsible only for the use which it makes of the power to incur
a debt, and not for the use or abuse by the people of the evidences pf
that debt which it may issue.. Their'application by the conimunity tp
the purpose mentioned, is a proof that they are wanted for that purpose,
and: that "the credit of the United Staites" has taken the" place of local,
chartered, or State credit.. Those who object to such a consequence in



616

REiPORTS OF T H E

11843-

the presbrit state of our finances, which require aloan in soriie form j mustj
however, choose between the evils of that result (if they are evils) aiid
the perils of a permanent na.tionaI debt, which- must either be created
directty, or must follow at no remote period, and take up securities which
may be issued in the forni of a protracted proniise to pay; forin this, a's
ih" other cases, we are not aUowed the use pf means eiitirely free from
objection, but are compelled to select between different modes that
which is the-least objectionable.
Atall events, the small amount'of convertible Treasury notes that
may be issued under existing laws; (less than one-third of the annual
receipts, and less than one-foui'th o f t h e annual public expenditures,)
cannot create any very dangerous *^paper currency.". And it is sup-^
"posed that the objections referred; to are not so much to the issue of
such an amount as a temporary expedient, but are founded rather upon
aii apprehension that these notes w-ill be sb useful to the Governm;entj
M d so beneficial to the people, that their issue niay hereafter be carried
to -excess. It is • a fair question,- whether the danger of excess in this
mode of borrowing nioney is equal to that aiising from loaris upon
deferred time^ of paynient? While the wisdom and firmness- of Congress ought not to be distrusted in either case, yet it is worthy of obser^
vation, that the mode which • requires immediate liability to pay, fbr'nishes a guard in itself against abuse, bythe instant and infallible check
which it furnishes upon issues beyond -the means of converting, into
"eoiiK

•.

••

'.

'

A brief synopsis of the foregoing statements and suggestions, irirela^
tion tb the deficiency bf means to meet the ordinary expenses of Go"vermnent during the current and the next fiscal year may be useful. By
•extending the loain which becomes due 1st January, 1845-, its'-amount
^($5,672,976 88> may be provided for.
.^ -,
By the raising of light money, by a duty on articles now free, (partie-,
ularly tea and coffee,) and b}^ the other means suggested in tliis report,
an addition may be made to, the revenue- of between four and five mil^
iioris of dollars. Estimating this at four raiUionfive hundred thousand
dbllars, there will be left to be provided for four million five hundred
thousand dollars, and the outstanding Treasury notes amounting to a
iittle more than four million six hundred thousand doUars. These two
items, • amounting in the whole to nine miUion one hundred thou sand
"dollars, -iriight be supplied by a continuation of the act of .March 3j
1843,'(providiiig for the reissue of Treasuiy notes, with a contingent
'authority to fund-into a stock,) which is limited to the 1st of July, 1844,
and by extending.-it so as to include the anticipated deficiency of four
' inilUbn.five hundred thousand dollars, or such portioii ofit as it may be
-fbund expedient to meet in this' manner. By this, an increase of the
pbrriianent public debt may be avoided;.and any ieduction of expendi^
.tures,. or increase of revenue, that may take place will eriable the Depa^rt^
irientto redeem; a portion of this floating debt. For this reason, if for no
other, it is advisable that this portipri'pf our debt should be kept in such
a eoridition that it riiay be redeemed at pleasure. Should the discretion
as to the rate of iriterest.on the Treasurynotes to be issued be abior
^gated,br should the authority to purchase them ori.-presentationbe \vith


1843.]

S E C R E T A R Y O F : T H E TREASURY.

617

held—-which would be equivalent to a direction that interest shall be
paid at all events-r-then it will be necessary to add to the estimated deficiency for the service of. the next fiscal year at least four hundred and
fifty thousand doUars.
There are some subjects tp which it seenis a duty to invite the atteii^
tion of Congress'before closing this report
To prevent illegal importations on our sbuthwestern- frontier, as well
as to afford the proper facilities to traders who may wish to bring merchandise in that direction, itwould be -advisable that a port of entry
.should be established in that quarter. The town of Independence, in
Missouri, has been suggested as a .good position.
By the existing law, an ap.peal to the Supreme Court cannot be made
fromthe decision of a circuit court, in cases involving the. amount of
duty that may be levied on imported merchandise; because the amount
in controversy,/in the rparticular case, never' exceeds the prescribed
limit. The courtesy of the judges sometimes induces them to disagree
in form, in oreler to obtaiii the opinion of the Supreme Court. But it
frequently happens that only one judge holds the court; and it would
seem that the Government ought not to be indebted to the courtesy of
any officer for. the opportunity of correcting what may be an erroneous
constructiori of its.revenue laws. The principle which prescribes a limitation-of the value ofthe subject in controversy, in civil suits, to entitle
a party to an appeal, is believed not to be applibable to questions of
revenue, wheie the decision of a particular case may, and often does,
iiivolve hundreds of thousands of clollars; and it is submitted that, in all
such cases, the United States should have the right of appeal, of course;
but-that the costs consequent upon such a proceeding should not, in any
event, be charged upon -the opposite'party.
.
• ^ A practice has. prevailed of -allowing the compensation of clerks
employed in the custom-houses to be paid out of the revenue, in cases
where the fees were not deerried aclequate to obtain the necessary number. Believing this practice unwarranted by law, and being confirmed
in that view by the opinion of the Attorney General, it ;has been abolished. There are probably cases, however, where legislative provision,
will be necessary to procure the proper assistance to the coUectorS and
naval officers.
• "
The provision for the relief of sick and disabled seamen, is, and for
years hasbeen, wholly inadequate to its purpose. Seamen being, from
their-pursuits, usually unable to share in the general provision, fbr the
destitute, and having contributed to this' fund ;what the law demands,
claim its benefits, without knowing or referring to its amount, or to the
legal restraints upon those chargecl.with its adininistration. All effbrts
to prevent the expeiiditures exceeding the mearis provided, have heretofore been unavailing; ancl there is constantly a ^balance against the
fund, which is supplied by apprPpiiatibiis frPm the Treaisury. To
increase the aniourit demanded from them would be odious, if not onerous. By the act of March 1, 1843, the laws requiring contributions to
this fund are extended to the owners of registered vessels. It is submitted whether this principle niight not, with great propriety, be still
further extended to the Owners ""of all vessels, in the fbrm of either



618

R E P O R T S OF T H E

[1843.

monthly or yearly contributions,, graduated by the tonnage ofthe vessel.
This provision, with that already suggested, of appropriating tb the
' same piirpose the discriminating tonnage duty, would probably furnisb
the relief which humanity as well as policy dictates should be extended
to a class of men proverbially improvident, but yet identified with the
power and prosperity of the country.
The conclition of the maiine preventive service against smuggling has
been-materially improved,^ while a wholesome economy has' been preserved. Itwill be the subject of a special report. The hght-house
establishment will also be the subject ofa future communication to Congress. Reports from the Commissioner ofthe General Land Office, and
from the Solicitor of the Treasury, respecting suits and prosecutions in
behalf of the Government, will also be submitted.
' - I t affords me great pleasure to state that there has been no delinquency
or default pn the part of collectors ofthe custonis, the receivers of public
moneys, or any other officer or agent charged with the receipt or deposite
ofthe public funds. The sums which collectors and rceiveres are permitted to retain in their hands, have been limited to the very lowest
'amount the public service would allow, while they have been required
to deposite the surplus immediately in the institutions designated for
that purpose. A rigid adherence to these regulations is maintained by
means ofa constant watchfulness of their accounts. . A list ofthe depos-itories selected by the Treasury accompanies this report; The terms
on which they are employed are the same as those settled in 1833, and
promulgated in the circular, of the Seci'eta.iy of the Treasury-on the 9th
d a y o f October in that j^ear. A few of them merely receive the public
moneys on special deposite. It is but an act of justice to say that they
have faithfully fulfilled all their engagements; have transferred the funds
as required without expense to the Gcweriiment; and have promptly
met all drafts upon them.
I am unwilling tb omit the opportunity of inviting the attention of
Congress to the multitude and frequency of oaths prescribed in our
system of collecting the revenue. A custom-house oath\has become a
.by-word to describe an unmeaning ceremony, and it is doubted whether
it is felt as imposing an obhgation equal to that of a simple affirmation.'
It is not perceived why the same penalties may not be inflicted for the
wilful falsehood of a declaration in writing, which might be substituted-,
in most cases, for the irreverent invocations of the Supreme Being. A
bare allusion to the subject, it is hoped, will be sufficient to induce that
consideration ofit to which it may be entitled.
, Respectfully,
. '.
' ,,
.
J O H N C; SPENCER, Secretary ofi the Treasury. '
To the Hon.

>•

JOHN W . JONES,

.

Spealcer ofi the House ofi Representatives.




1843.]

S E C R E T A R Y OF T H E TREASURY.

619

List ofi Stateiuents and Tables accompanying the Report ofi the Secretary ofi
the Treasury.
A. Statement of duties, revenues, and public expenditures, during die
calendar year 1842.
B. Statement of duties, revenues, and public expenditures, between 1st
January and 30th June, 1843."
C. Statement of the revenue, expenditures, public debt, and balances
in the Treasury, from January 1, 1837, to September 30, 1843.
D. List ofthe general depositories ofthe Treasury, and of the banks in
which special deposites are made.
E. List of the persons to Whom the seven million loan was awarded,
with the terms, and the offers not accepted. .
F . Statement ofthe debt of the Uriited States, December 1,^1843.
G. Statement ofthe value of foreign merchandise imported, reexported,
and consumed or on hand, annually, from 1821 to 1842.
H. Statement of the value of the exports of domestic products and
manufactui'es, and of foreign nierchandise, reexported annually,
from 1821 to 1842.
'
I. Statement of the value of merchandise imported annually from 1821
to. 1842, and the gross duties accruing thereon.
.K. Statistical view ofthe commerce ofthe United States, exhibiting the
value of exports ancl imports, and the tonnage employed in the
foreign trade, from 1821 to 1842.
L. Statement exhibiting the duties on merchandise and tonnage, the
drawbacks, bounties, and expenses of collection, from 1821 to 1842.
M. Values o f t h e several articles of merchandise imported annually,
from 1821 to 1842.
To this stateinent are annexed,, as explanatory thereof, the following
tables:;
M No. 1. Showing: the various "articles included in the column
'
headed " Cottons."
M No. 2. The articles included in the column headed " Woolens."
. M No. 3. Those included in the columns of *.' Linens, and
manufactures offiax," and of''Manufactures of hemp."
M No. 4. Those included in the column ''Manufactures of
ironandsteel;"' ;
•
M No. 5. Those included in the column ".Hemp and cordage."
N. Statement of the value of articles imported, designating the countries
from which received, annually, from 1821 to 1842.
,0. Statement of domestic articles exported annualty, from 1821 to 1842,P . Statement ofthe value of articles, exported, designating the countries/
to which exported, annually, from 1821 to 1842.




[1843.

R E P O R T S OF T H E

620

A.
Statement ofi Duties, Revenues, aud Public Expenditures, during the calendar
year 1842, agreeably to ivarrants issued, exclusive ofi trust fiunds.
T h e receipts into the T r e a s u r y during the year 1842, were as
follo-ws:
F r o m customs, viz;—
During the first q u a r t e r . ;
.....
: During the second quarter
'i
During the third quarter.
.;
,
..
-During the fo.urth quarter.

p , 8 4 0 , 7 2 1 15
6,138,390-62
6.,-28i;659 18
3^,927,137 81
.$18,187,908 76
l,335j797 52
120,260 12

F r o m sales of public lands.
."
'FrommisceHaneQus and incidental S o u r c e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
-Total receipts, exclusive of loans and T r e a s u r y n o t e s . . .
Avails of T r e a s u r y notes issued under act of "February 15,
1841
Avails of T r e a s u r y notes issued under act of J a n u r y 3 1 ,
1842
Avails of T r e a s u r y notes issued under act of August 3 1 ,
1842
Avails of loans of 1841 and 1 8 4 2 . .
:

19,64'a,966 40:
1,060,206 05
7,914,644 B3
2,408,554 89
3,425,329 87
14,808,735 64

T o t a l means.

,

34,452,702 04

."

T h e expenditures for the year 18,42, exclusive of trust funds,
were, viz:
•
CIYIL LIST.
-Legislature
'
i.
.Executive...-.
Judiciary
Governments in the Territories of the United States.
Surveyors and their clerks
";...:....
Officers of the M i n t and branches.
Commissioner o f t h e P u b h c Buildings
Secretary to sign patents for public lands'. ;

1^203,,513
• 887, 615
560,!990
141 2.64
51 141
44,1077
3 000
1 , 500

16
23
.87
82
:46
55
do
00

Total civil list.

2,893,103 09

FOREIGN INTERCOURSE.
Salaries of Ministers.
'
Salaries, of Secretaries of Legation.
'Salaries of Charges d'Affaires. . . . . . . . ' . . . • . . . . . . .
Salary of Minister Resident to T u r k e y
Outfits of Ministers and Charges d'Affaires
Salary df dragoman t o . T u r k e y , and contingencies..'
Diplomatic agents in E u r o p e , attending to tobacco interest.. .^
Contingent expenses of all the missions .abroad
Expenses incurred b y the legation to M e x i c o , in r e k t i o n to
""•prisoners . .Contingent expenses of foreign interco,urse"..'....
Salary of the consuls at London,and P a r i s . . . - . . . / . . . . . . . . .
Reliefand protection of American s e a m e n . . .•.•;••• • ••-.•• • . •
Clerk hire, office rent, &,c., to American consul, L o n d o n . , . .
Intercourse with B a r b a r y P o w e r s .
Interpreters,.guards, &c., at the c o n s u l a t e s i n ' T u r k i s h dominions
Expenses of the commission under convention with M e x i c o .
Total foreign intercourse.




62,012
16,465
55,369
4,395
45,000
. •2,025
. 8,500
45,819

85
71
15
66
00
00
00
29

. 5,150
25,500
2,166
58,410
3,444
11,509

00
00
66
52
47
00

3,000 00
9,117 12
357,884-77'

1843.]

SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY.

621

A—-Continued.
MISCELLANEOUS.
Surveys ofpublic lands.
.'.'.. ..\ . . . . . . . .
Support and maintenance df light-houses, cfec!'....'.....'.'...
Marine hospital establishment.....'.'.'.'.'.'..""..... ."...'.'.•.".'.'..
Public buildings, &G. , in Washington
Furniture of the President's house"...'.'.'....,.'.."....'.'.'......
Support and maintenance of the pienitentiary.
Sixth c e n s u s . . . . . . . . ! .
..'."........
Patent, fund
.•••.•
•
''
.o.• • • •
Distribution ofthe sales of public lands*........'.'.,. .i'....'.'.'.
To meet the engagements of the Post Office Department....'.
Public buildings in towa T e r r i t o r y . ' . . . . . . . ' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing, &c., ordered by Congress."."."..'.. . ^ . . ' . . . . . . . . ' . . . . .
Building custom-houses,. &c.
'.'...'.......
Survey of the, coast of the IJnited States.
Mint establishment
Two per cent, granted to the State of Mississippi, act September 4, 1841. . . . . . . ' .
'.
Two per cent, on sale^ of-public lands in Alabama
Relief of sundry individuals.......*.'.'..."..'.'...'.'..'...'. * *.....
.
Miscellaneous claims unprpyided fdr
' . . . . . . . . .M
Exploration and =surv,ey'ofthe nqrtheasterh boundary line.. .*
insane hospital for .the District of Coluinbia'.....'.'...."..'...'.
Bridge across- Pennsylvania avenue
Removal of .th.e. statue of Washington..'...'.'.'
..*.".'. •.•,."
Purchase of ground north of theiGeneral Post Office
Erecting and lighting lamps .on Perinsylvahia aveiiu'e
'
Auxiliary watclr in the city of Washington'. -.
Expenses incidental to the issue of Treasury notes
Expenses incidental to the loans
Temporary support of lunatics ofthe District of Columbia.;.
• Three and five per cents to certain States...:".
.'
Relief of the several corporate, cities of the District of Columbia
Debentures and other charges
Additional compensation to collectors, &c.
Payment of horses, &c., lost.
Duties refunded under protest
P»-epayments for lands erroneously sold.
All other items of a misceUaneous nature

§91,664-7.8
'389,388 84
114;771 73'
164,963 56
'1,500 00
10,503 50.
190,1'36 94
47,220 00
•425,607 68
53,697 00
. 600 00
• 40,532 68
•109;560 03
87,263 00
84,782 87
144,214 33
119,207 61
407,696 33
8,290 .34
49,901 42
• 3,000 00
12,000 00
'860 00
23,243 75
1,100 00
2,.396 79
3,095 19
.4,923 19
4,000 00
70,-901 78132,724 05
.375,004 00
23,637 62
2,825 98
183,479 17
16,468 99
19,384 92
P,420,548 07

Total miscellaneous.
UNDER DIRECTION OF T H E WAR DEPARTMENT.
Army proper
Military Academy
i
Fortifications and other works of defence.
Armories, arsenals, and munitions of war
,
Harbors, roads, rivers, &c
Surveys
".....
Light-houses and marine hospitals.
...
Pensions
Indian department.
Claims of the State of Virginia
Arming and equipping the militia
..:...
.•.
Payments to militia and volunteers ofthe States and Territories
Meteorological observations at military posts
Relief of sundry individuals
'.

3,641,778 29
178,776 05
958,277 90
738,979 79
108,482 34
37,708 32
14,804 13
1,445,212 78
1,097,006 65
16,915 53
211,811 10
420,837 43
1,000 00
52,917 66
8,924,507 97

Total under direction ofthe "War Department
UNDER DIRECTION OF T H E NAVY DEPARTMENT.
Pay ahd subsistence, including medicines, &c



4,048,441 52

R E P O R T S OF T H E

622

[1843.

A^Continued.
Increase, repairs, armament, and equipment
Contingent expenses
;..........'
Navy-yards
Navy hospitals and a s y l u m . . — . . . . '
.-.'
,.;.
Magazines
i^
Survey of the coast from Appalachicola bay to the mouth of
the Mississippi
'.
:.
Charter of the steamers Splendid and Clarion, for the survey
of Nantucket shoal..
Arranging, preserving, &c., collections made by the. Explorin Expedition
'........:
Erecting the statue of Washington..
Suppression of the slave trade.
ReHef of sundry individuals
— .
Marine corps.
..^s.

3,114,473
•485,166
235,328
" 24,182
619

10
04
29
27
13

10,925 28
4,345 39
'

15,100
4,000
2,584
1,998
377,829

00
00
57
79'
32

Total under the direction of the Navy Department.

$8,324,993 70^

PUBLIC DEBT.
Paying the old public debt
Intere'st on the loans of 1841 and 1842.
Redemption of Treasury notes
Interest on Treasury notes

5,165
• 405,894
7,704,674
362,134

25
07
84
78
8,477,868 94

Total public debt..
Total expenditures.

32,398,906 54

TREASURY D E P A R T M E N T ,

'

REGISTER'S OFFICE, November 15,1843.




T - L . SMITH, Register.

1843.]

S E C R E T A R Y OF T H E TREASURY.

623

B.
Statement ofi ^Duties, Revenue, and Public Expenditures, between January l a n d
June 30, 1843, agreeably to warrants issued during said period, exclusive
ofi trust fiunds.
T h e receipts into the T r e a s u r y from J a n u a r y I to J u n e 30,
1843, were as follows:
F r o m customs, viz—
During the first q u a r t e r . . . . . . . . . ' .
During thesecond quarter.
...'...
F r o m sales of public lands

82,940,804 16
4,106,039 75
P , 0 4 6 , 8 4 3 91
897,818 11
120,663 44

1

F r o m miscellaneous and incidental sources.

8,065,325 46

Total receipts, exclusive of loans and T r e a s u r y n o t e s . . . .
Avails of T r e a s u r y notes issued under act of J a n u a r y 3 1 ,
1842
Avails of T r e a s u r y notes issued under act of August 3 1 , 1 8 4 2 .
Avails of loans of 1841 and 1842.
Avails of loan of M a r c h 3 , 1 8 4 3 . . . . / .
Total means

45,350
617,000
4,883,358
6,934,000

00
00
36
00
12,479,708 36

'

20,545,033 82

T h e expenditures from J a n u a r y 1 to J u n e 30, 1843, exclusive
of trust funds, were, viz:
CIVIL LIST.
•Legislature
.,
Executive
Judiciary....'.
Governments in the Territories of the United States
Surveyors and their c l e r k s . . . . ^
Offices o f t h e M i n t and branches
;
Gommissioner of, P u b h c Buildings.'.
'.
Secretary to sign patents for public, lands.
Total civil hst

....
,,.

335,183
440,898
287,058
79,260
r 33,309
19,050
1,419
750

92
82
04
92
93
00
44
00
1,196,931 07

...........

FOREIGN INTERCOURSE.
Salaries of Ministers.
;
Salaries of Secret&.ries of Legation
•' • • •
Salaries of Charges d'Affaires.
;.........*
Salary of Minister Resident to T u r k e y
Contingent expenses.of all the missions abroad
Salary of dragoman to T u r k e y , and contingencies
Outfit of Charge d'Affaires to Denmark
T o estabhsh the future commercial relations with C h i n a — . .
Compensation for certain diplomatic s e r v i c e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contingent expenses of foreign intercourse
.•
Salary of consul aJ, London^
y..-.
Relief and protection of American s e a m e n . .
;....'...-...
Clerk hire, office rent, &c., to American consul, L o n d o n . . . . '
Intercourse with Barbary . P o w e r s . - . . . . . . .
......'
...
Compensation to a Commissioner to the Sandwich I s l a n d s . .
E x p e n s e s incurred by the legation to M e x i c o , in relation t o
prisoners
E x t r a compensation to the late agent-for prosecuting the claim
to the Smithsonian legacy.
.
~
> ............
T o t a l foreign i n t e r c o u r s e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ' . . . ; . . .




• •.

33,507 29
7,850 00
25,325 00
• 2,765 00
23,557 37
1,952 55
4,500 00
40.000 00
15,081 49
8,000 00.
' 1,007 06
27,867.02
1,400-00
4,803 87
2,150-00
810 75
3,815 73
204,393 13

[1843.

REPORTS OF THE

624

B.—^Continued.
r

,

MISCELLANEOUS.

Surveys of public lands.
Support and maintenance of light-houses, &c.
Marine hospital ,estab lish ment..-...-...
Pubhc buildings,^&c., in Washington...
Support and maintenance of the penitentiary of the District
ofColumbia
Sixth census
.'
Patent fund
.,..
'...".. .V. V...'.'.'..
.". .Distribution of the sales of pubhc lands'.'.
.'
'..
To meet the engagements, &c., of the General Post Office
Department. . • . . . :
*..'.'. .,V.'.'.'.'.'.'.. .•.."."..'.'.."
Documentary History of the American Revolution.'..
'.
Payment of .books ordered by C p n g r e s s . . — \ . _ . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Payments to Maine and Massachiisetts under the fifth article
.' of the treaty of W a s h i n g t o n . . . . . . . . . . . ' . . . . . . . . . , . . . . , .•.,.:..
Building custom-houses, &c.
.i....
Survey of thecoast of the.United States........'...'..','."... .".V
Mint estabhshment..
Rehef of sundry.individuals....,.'.-..."..""...'....'....'.'....'..'.
MisceUanedus claims unprovided for'. .^. .^.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sales of certain, lands ceded, by Ottowa Indians
Survey and exploration qf the northeastern boundary line...
vjEr.ecting penitentiary iri Iowa T e r r i t o r y ; ; . . . . . . . . . . . . . " . . ' . . . .
Three per cent, fund to the State'of Missouri...........
Relief of the several corporate cities of the District pf Columbia
............;..,.
Debentures and other charges
.-.
....
Additional compensation to cbllectors, &G
Payment of horses, &c., lost..
.'...-.
Duties refunded under protest
Repayment for lands erroneously sold.
Insane hospital for the District ofColumbia....-.;......-...-..
Removal of the statue of W a s h i n g t o n . . . . . . ' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Auxiliary watch for tlie city of "Washing-ton..
........".
ExjDenses incidental to the issue of Treasury noteSi.
...
Expenses incidentaltoloans.........-..•.
;
•.. -..
Testing the capacity-eind usefuln,ess of-the systeni of-electro^
magnetic telegraphs ..'
..•..^....-....•....•.
Results and-account of the Exploring Expedition.
Temporary support of lunatics of the-Distr-ict of Columbia..
All other items of a miscellaneous nature.

$23,901 51
184,548 46
50,134 54
21,,698 60.,
4,500 00
26,752 14
19,925. GO
83,233 79
21,303 00
34,468 00
41,618 00.
300,OOQ; 00

^5,571 64
' 26,300 00.
33,020 00.
, 72,0.78 77
,
. '904 75
20,679 90
21,,382 05
14,400'00
10,492 31
{93,560 6;4,
2,450 00
100,923 85,
28,596 69
143,478 78
7,712 59
- 7,000 00
. 2,500 00
3,416 57
•1,581 04
11,346-79
8,000 00
5,000 00
506-00
:12,985 12

Total miscellaneous .

,4.65,964 53

UNDER DIRECTION OF T H E W A R DEPARTMENT,
Army p r o p e r . . . . ' . . . , . .
V,\.'.\ . . . ' . . . . . . .'...".'.". 1,693,2^4 73
• Military Academy.;..,;
. " . . . ; . . . . . . . .•'.'...-.•.....'...
63,;6Q5 10
Fortification's and other w^orks of d e f e n c e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . •4Q'4,08.3-78
' Armories, arsenals, ancl iTiunitions df war. * . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . .
"328,263 94Harbors, rivers, roads, &c
v...-.'... i .•.'..[..,."....,.,
104,698 68Surveys.....'.....'........
21,472.00.
Light-houses and marine hospitals........'."....'.'.".
' 4,667 04
Pensions
;
.'.'.."..;.'..', / , ' . ' . ' . . . . . . . . . .
836,277 36.
Indian department.
.. •.
V"..-..;.'.'....!; i'.,'.'."...'.".. ••\"444,.585.30
Claims of the State of "\^irginia..'.'. ."^'."....'.'...'.. .vi,., .,..,•• •
.•6,572.50
Arming, and equipping the militia.'.'.".'....... i
".\...........
. 84,540 75.
Payments to militia and..yolunteers'of St'ates an(i;TeVritGrie¥^
- 109,649 34
Relief of sundry i n d i v i d u a l s . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . " -...."..;,....
56,753 .79
Total under the direction of the War Dep art merit.-..".




.;4,158,384 31

1843.]

^ SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY.

625

B-—Continued.
UNDER DIRECTION OF T H E NAVY DEPARTMENT.
Pay and subsistence, including medicines, cfec. . . . . . . . i . . . . . $2,079,546 42
Increase, repairs, armament, and equipment
916,172 35
Contingent expenses
' 339,505 63
Nary-yards
67,055 60
Navy*hospitals and asylum
."
13,245 59.
Repairs of magazines
306 00
Pensions to invahds and widows and orphans
21,449 00
Survey of the coast from Appalachicola bay to the mouth of
the Mississippi river.
3,923 53
Survey of the harbor of Memphis, Tennessee.,.
111 12
Arranging, preserving, &c., collections made by the Exploring
Expedition
—
2,000 00
Building depot of charts
".... .-•.
3,000 00
Purchase of the use of Babbitt's anti-attrition m e t a l . . . . , . . . . .
20,000 00
Suppression of the slave trade
2,000 00
Relief of sundry individuals
1,324 76
203,077 79
Marine corps..
Total under the direction of the Navy Department.

3,672,717 79

PUBLIC DEBT.
Paying the old public debt..
[nterest on-loans of 1841, 1842, and 1843.
Redemption of Treasury notes
Interest on Treasury notes.
Total public debt..
Total expenditure.

5,224
386,187
332,788
137,406

32
88
32
95
861,607 47
$11,559,998 30

T R E A S U R Y DEPARTgyiENT,

RsmsTER's OFFICE, November 15, 1843.
.T. L. 'SMITH, JR^gister.

VOL. IV.—40,



[184a

R E P O R T S OF T H E

626

C.
Statement showing the Revenue firom Customs and other sources^ Expenditures,.
January 1, 1837, to
RECEIPTS.

Years.

Ib37
1838
1839
1840

$11,165,970
16,155,455
23,136,397
13,496,834

.-

' RECEIPT.S.

22 $6,863,556 46 $18,029,526 68 $1,878,486 77 ' $2,992,989 15f
53 3,214,183 93 19,369,639 46 4,779,671 05 12,716,820 86
10 7,261,117 94 30,397,515 04
62,838 51 ^ • 3,857,276 21
37 3,494,356 41 16,991,190 78 1,855,701 20 , 5,'589^,547 51

63,954,657 22 20,833,214. 74 84,787,871,96
/

.

Total receipts
frbm revenue,
acci'uing during Frowj debts and
From,
From duties on lands,.& ptibhc •
other funds,. From loans andl
miscel- the- year.
merchandise. lan eoussources.
• which existed Treasury n.o tes. 1
befbre 1837.

8,576,697 53 25,156,633 73

N

14,481,997 88 ' 1,470,295 12 15,952,293 00
1841
' 18,176,720 76 1,434,878 58 19,611,599 .34
1842'
To Sept. 30,
13,179,116 00
1843
1,426,028 82 14,605,144 82
$45,837,834 64 $4,331,202 52 $50,169,037 16

*680,162 55
*32,367 06

13,659,317 38
14,808,735 64

*8,194 38

12,545,708 36

$720,723 99 $41,013,761 38

* Receipts from debts and oth ea- funds which existed before 1841.

Actual balances above stated brought down
...
-.-....
In- these balances .are included .the following amounts of unavailable ^
funds, parts ofwhich, by act of March 3, 1837, were passed to the I
credit' of the Treasurer, and to the debit of the. banks where the }
>
nioney had been deposited; leaving these sums as parts of the
- balances in the Treasury.'
'
--- J

Balancein the Treasury on the 31st December, 1836, exclusive bf trust
Including the amount subsequently deposited with the States,
which being deducted from the balance, leaves an available balarice
The amount paid on account of the principal and interest of the public
December 31, 1840, was
,:
...
'.
And between January 1, 1841, and September 30, 1843, was
^-The amount paid for interest on Treasury notes during the period first
And the sum paid for interest on loans and Treasury notes between
These'payments are included in the column of * Payinents
*

TREASURY DEPARTJVXENT,

REGISTER'S OFFICE, December 1, 1843.




1843.]

S E C R E T A R Y OF T H E TREASURY.

627

C.
Public Debt, nominal and actual balances in ihe Treasury each year, firom
September 30, 1843.
*
Expenditures,
Actual bal- •
Paymerits on
exclusive of
Noniinal
ance, exclusive
payments on • account of the
balance in the of. deposites :
Total
Total receipts. account of the old debt. Treas- expenditures. Treas.ury at
,with the
debt, according ury notes, and*
'
the-end of ^a;Gh' " States, and
iriterest.
outstanding .
tq the warrants
year.
warrants.
each year.
$22,901,002
36,866,131
34,317,629
24,436,439

60 133,808,274
37 . 31,421,098
76 24,999,189
49 22,351,147

30
|21,822 9i
20 5,605,720 27
26 11,117,987 42
67 4,086,613 70

$33,830,097
37,026,818
36,117,176
26,437,761

21 .$37,327,252
47 36,891,19'6
68 • 33,157,503
37 29,963,163

69 $6,654,435
94 6,493,7.48
m • 3,235,418
46 1,196,627

73
63
76
65

118,521,203 22 112,579V769 43 20,832,144 30 133,4il,8S3 73
30,291,772 93 26,394,343 31
^4,452,702 0:4 23,921,057 60

5,69'8,380'74 32',092,724. 05 2'8,685,lll 08
•8,477,848 94 •32,398,906 54 30,521,979 44 1,449,472 03

'27,159,047 56

7,859;;i'94 49

16,920,193 33

24,77'9,3'87 82 32,901,639 18 3,829,131 77

$91,903,522 53 $67,235,594 24 $22,035,424 17 .$89,271,018 41

......

Jfole-.^—ln'^e above stateiment thctriist funds are excluded.

1837.
5,654,435 73

1838.
),493,748 63

1839.
3,235,418 78

1840.
$1,196,627.65

.1,559,S40 53

1,496,252 18

1,496,252 18

37,469 2/5

$5,094,895 20

$4,997,496 4 5 '

$1,739,16-6" 6 a

$1,159,158 40

funds and outstanding w a r r a n t s . .
.".
$45,748,463
$28,101,644 19, and $1,559,540 53 unavailable" funds,^
January 1, 1 8 3 7 , , . o f . . . . . . . . . - .
. . . . . . . . . . . . ' . . . 16,087,278
debt existiiig before 1837, between January 1,1837, and
..........•:
......
•.
:....
•
' 52,898
_........:.
32,320
mentioned was
..•.,.".....-..
589,428
January 1, 1841, and September 30, 1843, was
. . . 2,005,844
on account ofthe old debt. Treasury notes, and interest."




T. .L. SMITH, Register.

.60
88
99
08
45
69

628

.

R E P O R T S OF T H E

\

D.

.

[1843.

•- \

.List ofi General Deposite Banhs. . - ,
Cdrnmercial B a n k . . . . . . .
. . . . . . P o r t s m o u t h , New Hampshire;.
Merchants' Bank. .•...,
.Boston, Massachusetts.
Arcade .Bank, i
. . . : . . . . . . . . . . . .Providence, Rhode Islands
Farmers and Mechanics' Bank
x .Hartford,,Connecticut..
. .
Bank of C o m m e r c e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .New York.
Bank of America.
.New York.
.
Merchants' Bank
. ^ . . . . . . . . . ^. .New York. ' ..
, .,
Philadelphia Bank-. J'.fi... .fi.. . . . . .Philadelphia,; Pemisylvania, , Exchange Barik.
. . . : . : .Pittsburg,, Pennsylvania. ;
Merchants' Bank., -'-- -- -1 -- . . . , . . ' . . .Baltiniore, Maiyland. ..
Bank of B a l t i m o r e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Baltimore, Maryland,. ,
Bank of'the M e t r o p o l i s . . . . . — . . . . . .Washington, District of Columbia^
Southwestern Railroad. Bank
. .Charleston, South Garolina.
Baiilt of Xouisiana.
.•......'
'. .New Orleans, Louisiana. .'
Ohio Life-insurance and Trust Co., -.Cincirinati, Ohio. . .
Clinton. Bank of Colurnbus...........-Columbus, Ohio..
'
^ ..
Bank of Norwalk.
. . . / . . . .Norwalk, Ohio.
••
., ,
Michigan Insurance Company
. .Detroit, Michigan^
Bank of S a n d u s k y . . . . . . . j . .
. . . Sandusky, Ohio.
•

Banks in which Special Deposites are made.
American. Exchange B a n k . .
. . .New York.
Bank of Washington. ^
Washington, District of Columbia.
Bank of Potomac
Alexandria, District of Columbia.
Bankof. Virginia
-.----- -Richniond, Virginia..Exchange Bank of Vii;giriia. . . . . . . . .Norfolk, Virginia.
Planters' Bank of Georgia'.
. . . .Savannah, Georgia.
. ', ,
.Bank of Mobile. . - . : - . . . . . . . . • . . • . ; . .Mobile, Alabania.
.' -..
Union Bank o.f'Tennessee..... . . \ .Nashville, Tennessee.;
Barik of Missouri.. ; ; . ; . , - . , . : . .,-.„. ...St. .Louis, "Missouri.
.




1843.]

SECRETARY OF T H E TREASURY.

629

E.
U N I T E D STATES LOAN OF 1843.

. Statement ofi Persons to whom was awarded the Stock ofi the Loan fior seven
millions ofdollars, at five per cent, interest, payable in ten years froin July 1,
^ 1843, with the terms.
OFFERS ACCEPTED.

Names of Subscribers.

Amount.

Rate pfpre- |Rate of inter- Amount of
mium.
est. .
premium.
.

John Ward & Co.:.
Secretary of War, in trust for Indian )
tribes
,
\
Southwark Bank
Bank of Potomac.
,
Piscataqua Bank... — .^
Charles Davies, Treasurer Military )
Academy,,West Point..
/\
Daniel Parker.
Philadelphia Savings Fund Society....
Pennsylvania Company for Insurance )
on Lives and Granting. Annuities.. \

5 per cent.
$101 01
do.
101;01
do.
101 01 •
do.
101 01
do.
ioi 01
do.
101 01
do.
101 01
do;
102 37i
do.
101 55

1,498,000
50,000
200,000
40,000
30,000
16,000
10,000
100,000
56,000
$7,000,000

r

'

•

•

'.

$65,629 80
505 00
2,020 00
404 00
303 00
' 161 60
101 00
2,375 00
868 00
$72,367 40

OFFERS NOT ACCEPTED.

Patapsco Bank.
* ...
George Curtis.
John A. Stevens
J. G. Fendi
Bank of Baltimore
Horace Binney
J. G. Thayer & Brother . . . .^
Corcoran & Riggs
..'...
Franklin Haven...
Corcoran & Riggs
\..
Corcoran &, Riggs..
Bernard W . Campbell.
Massachusetts Fire and Marine Insu-)
ranee Company
)
Josiah Bradlee & Co
William Pratt
Phineas Upham
Middletown Bank
Bank of Charleston, S . C . . . . . . . .
James Camak
,
,
Bowery Savings Bank
............
Timothy C. Leeds
Provident Institution for Savings,.)
Boston
\
John W . Tredwell,.
Thomas P. Hoopes
John J . Swift
Bank of the Metropolis
Henry Toland.

$20,000
50,000
50,000
30,000
100,000
16,000
30,000
'].00,000
2,000,000
350,000
1,000,000
10,000

$101.00
5 per cent
101 00
do.
101 00
.do.
101 00
do. •
100 75do.
100 75
do.
100 75 , , . - do. .
. do.100 75
100 90
do.
100 25
do.
100 00
do.
100 00
do.

60,000

100^00

68,000
100,000
25,000
30,006
100,000
30,000
125,000. 10,000 ^
123,00020,000
10,000
10,000
500,000
1,000,000

100
.100
100
-100
100
100
100
100

00
00^
00
00
00
00
00
00

100 00

do.
do.
do.
do.-

do.
do.
dp.
do.
do. >

do.

100 00
do'.
100 00
do.
100 00
do.
"Most favor able'terms.'
5 per,cent
103 10

The two last bids were not received until after.the time for making offers had expired, arid
the arrangement had been dosed with those whose offers were accepted..




1530

R E P O R T S OF T H E

;[1843.

F.
Statement ofi the Debt ofi the United States, Decembei' 1, 1843.
1. O f t h e (old) funded debt, being unclaimed principal '
• and interest returned from the late loan offices
. . . $208,'0.09
2. Outstanding ceitificates and interest to December 31,
1798, of the (old) unfunded debt, payable on pre• sentation . . , . ' . , . . .
........:
. 24,214
3. Treasury notes issued during the late war, payablq on '
presentation..
'......,.,.
,'
4.v317
4. Certificates of Mississippi stock, payable on presenta-' - tion.
^
4,320
5. Debts of the corporate cities of the District of Colum-/
bia, assumed by the United States, yiz: •
' Of the city of Washingtoii
..'...$900,000.00
Alexandria
'.....
210,0.00. 00
Georgetown
..'210,000 00
- — — — - l.,.32O,Q0O
6. Loans, viz:
Under the act of July, 21, 1841, redeemable January. 1, 1845.'
. . . . . . : . , . ^5,672,976 88
Under the.act of April 15, 1842, redeemable January 1, 1 8 6 3 . . . . . .
: . .8,343,886 03
Under the act of March 3, 1843, redeemable July 1, 1853.1
......:
• .7-,000,000 00"
:.
: . _ : 21,016,862
7. Oatstanding Tre.asury notes:
....
Of the several issues prior to August 31,
1843
...1^3,917,725 9 2 '
Of notes issued and paid out und.er the act - - • • •
ofMarch 3 , 1 8 4 3 . . . .
: . . . . . 247,5.00 00 4,165,225

34 ^
29
44
09

00

91

.
92

TREASURY DEPARTMENT,

•

REGISTER'S O F F I C E , December 1, 1843.

T . ' L . S M r r M r Register.'
* This sum includes $98,300 in the hands of the accounting officers.




G.

" - •

Ol

A statement exhibiting the value ofi Foreign Merchandise imported, reexported, and consumed, or on^hoAid, annually, firom 1821 to
• • .
•.•--184:2, inclusive.
FOREIGN MERCHANDISE.
Years.

IMPORTED.

Free of duty. Paying duty
1821.
1822.
1823.
1824.
1825.'
1826.
. 1827.
1828.
1829.
1830.
1831.
1832:
1833.
1834.
1835.
1836.
1837.
1838.
1839.
1840.
1841.
1842.



RE-EXPORTED.

Total.

Free of duty. Paying duty.

C O N S U M E D A N D ON H A N D .

Total.

$10,082,313 $52,503,411 $62,585,724 $10,764,757 $10,537,731 $21,302,488
7,298,708 75,942,833 83,241,541 11,184,896 11,101,306 22,286,202
9,048,288 68,530,979
77,579,267
7,696,749 19,846,873 27,543,622
12,563,773 67,985,234 80,549,007 '.8,115,082 17,222,075 '25,337,157
10,947,510 85,392,565 96,340,075
9,885,840 22,704,803 32,590,643
72,406,708 84,974,477
12,567,769
5,135,108 19,404,504 24,539,612
67,628,964
ai,855,l04
79,484,068
7,785,150 15,617,986 23,403,136
12,.379,1.76 7.6,130,648 88,509,824
8,427,678 13,167,339 21,595,017
11,805,501 62,687,026 74,492,527
16,658,478
5,231,077 11,427,40]
12,746,245 58,130,675 70,876,920
2,320,317 12,067,162 14,387,479
^13,456,625 89,734,499 103,191,124
7,599,043 12,434,483 20,033,526
14,249,453 86,779,813 101,029,266
5,590,616 18,448,857 24,039,473
32,447,950 75,670,361 108,118,311
7,410,766- 12,411,969 19,822,735
68,393,180 58,128,152 126,521,332 12,433,291 10,879,520 23,312,811
71,955,249 149,895,742 12,760,840
77,940,493
7,743,655 20,504,495
92,056,481 97,923,554 189,980,035 12,513,493
9,232,867 21,746,360
69,250,031 71,739,186 140,989,217
12,448,919
9,406,043 21,854,962
60,860,005 52,857,399 113,717,404
7,986,411 - 4,466,384 12,452,795
76,401,792 85,690,340 162,092,132 1-2,486,827
5,007,698 17,494,525
57,196,204 49,945,315 107,141,519
12,384,503 • 5,805,809 18,190,312
61,926,446 127,946,177 11,240,90066,019;731
4,228,181 15,469,081
11,721,538
30,627,486 69,534,601 100,162,087
6,837,084
4,884,454

Free of duty Paying duty.

Total. -

$41,283,23.6
(1)
60;955,339
(2)
$1,351,539 $48,684,106 50,035,645
4,448,691 50,763,159 55,211,850
1,061,670 62,687,762'| . 63,749,432
7,432,661 53,002,204 60,434,865
4,069,954 52,010,978 56,0,80,932
3,951,498 62,963,309 66,914,807
6,574,424 51,249,625 57,824,049
10,425,928 46,063,513 .56,489,441
5,857,582 77,300,016 83,157,598
8,658,837 68,330,956 76,989,793
25,037,184 63,258,392 88,295,576
55,959,889. 47,248,632 103,208,531
65,179,653 64,211,594 129,391,247
79,542,988 88,690,687 168,233,675
56,801,112 62,333,143 119,134,255
52,873,594 48,391,015 101,264,609
63,914,965 80,682,642 144,597,607
44,811,701 44,139,506 88,951,207
5-4,778,831 57,698,265 112,477,096
23,790,402 64,650,147 88,440,549

00

632

[1843„

R E P O R T S OF T H E
G-—Continued. .

•

(1.) 182.1.^Imported free of duty.
^
• Dutiable..:
-.-.
.
^
Exported free of duty
. Dutiable.:.
;

..V
•......•
• ,

$10,082,313
:-... 52,503,411
$62,585,724
. . . ; . . 10,764,757 '
10,537,731
•
21,302,488

Consumed.and on h a n d . . . .
(2.) 1822.--Imported free of duty
.
- • - Dutiable
..^ •
-: , ^ .;

,

....$41,283,236

.;
...I'

Exported fi-ee of duty
-.........'....
Dutiable;.....-....
. ^' •• •

.-

$7,298,708
.'
..-75,942,833;.
—r- $83,241,541
11,184,896
11,101,306
. .
— 22 286,202

. Consumed and on hand. ..-..•. .-...^..

$60,955,339

TREASURY D E P A R T M E N T ,

'

.

^

R E G I S T E R ' S O F F I C E , November 15, 1843.

.

T . I , . SMITH, Register.

H.
. . .
,
. ^
A statement - exhibiting the value ofi the Exports ofi Domestic Produce and ^
Manufiacture, and ofi Foreign -Merchandise reexported, annually,firom1821.
to. 1842, inclusive. ',
'

Years ending Domestic proSept'mber 30_. • duce, &c.

'

.

VALUE OF E X P O R T S .

Foreign merchandise ree xported.
Free of duty.

Paying duty.

Total.

Total value of
'. exports.

$10,764,757
1821....;..^
$43,671,894
•$10,537,731
•$21,302,488
$64,974,382
1822........
49,874,079
11,184,896
11,101,306
22,286,202 • 72,160,281
1823:...;...
47,1.55,408
.7,696,749
19,8.46,873
27,543,622
74,699,030
1824.:......
;53,649,500
8,115,082
17,222,075
25,337,157 • 75,986,657
1825
66,944,745
9,885,840
22,704,803
32,590,643 « 99,535,388
1826........
53,055,710
5,1.35,108 ., -19,40.4,504
24,539,612
77,595,3221827
58,921,691
7,785,150
15,617,986
23,403,136
82,324,827
1828
50,669,669- . 8,427,678
13,167,339
21,595,017 .
72,264,686
1829........
55,700,193
5,231,077.
11,427,401
16,658,478
72,358,671
1830.....:..
59,462,029
; 2,320-,317
12,067,162
14,387,479
73,849,508
1831
61,277,057
. .7,599,043'
12,434,483.
20,033,526
81,310,583
1832........
. .63,137,470
.5,590,616. .- 18,448,857 •
24,039,473
•87,176,943
1833...;....
70,317,698
.7,410,766.
12,411,969 . 19,822,735
90,140,433
1 8 3 4 . : . . . . . . . - 81,024,162
•12,433,291
10,879,520
23,312,811
104,336,973
18,35.
101,189,082 • 12,760,840
7,743,655
20,504i495
121,693,577
1 8 3 6 . . . . . . . . . . 106,916,680
12;513,493 . : 9,232,867
'21,746,360
128,663,040 ,
1837........
95,564,414
; 12,448,919 ; . 9,406,043
21,854,962
117,419,376
1 8 3 8 . . . . . . . . . 96,033,821
7,9,86,411.
: 4,466,384
12,452,795
108,486,616
1839............ . ,103,53.3,891 • .12,486,827
. 5,007,698
17,.494,525
121,028,416
1840........
•.113,895;634 . 12;384,503•: 5;805,809
18,190,312
132,085,946
1841.........
106,382,722^
il,240,'900 -^ .4,228,181
15,469,081121,851,803
1842........
9.2,969,996
6,837,08.4
. 4,884,454
11,721,538
104,691,534
TiiEASURY D E P A R T M E N T ,

REGISTER'S'OFFICE,




'.

fi:

fi-.

iVovm&erl5, 1843.
Ov
T . L . SMITH, Register.

S E C R E T A R Y OF T H E TREASURY.

1843.]

633

I.
A statement exhibiting the value ofi Merchandise imported firom 1821 to 1842,
and also the amount ofi duties which accrued annually upon such merchandise
during the said period. •
- '
VALUE OP* IMPORTS

Gross duties on
merchandis.e.

Period.
Free of duty.
Year ending Sep^
tember 30, 1821
1822
1823
. 1824 .

$10,082,313
7,298,708
9,048,288
12,563,733

.

$52,.503,411
75,942,833
68,530,979
67,985,234

Total.

$18,475,f03 S7^^~
, $62,585,724
83,241,541
24,066,066 43
77,579,267
22,402,024 29
80,549,007 • 25,486,817 86
31,653,87150
26,083,861 97
27,948,956 57
29,951,251 90

• - 85,392,565
• 72,406,708
67,628,964
- 76,130,648

' ' 96,340,075
84,974,477
• 79,484,068
88,509,824

11,805,501
12,746,245
13,456,625
14,249,453

.6.2,687,026
58,130,675
89,734,499
. 86,779,813

74,492,527
70,876,920.
103,191,124
101,029,266

27,688,701 11
28,389,505 05
36,596,118 19.
29,341,175 6 5 -

32,447,950
68,393,180
77,940,493
92,056,481
69,250,031
• 60,860,005
76,401,792
• 57,196,204
66,019,731.
' 30,627,486

75,670,361
58,128,152
71,955,249
97,923,554
71,739,186:
52,857,399
85,690,340
49,945,315
.61,926,446
69,534,601

108,118,311
126,521,332
149,895,742
189,980,035
.140,989,217
1]3,717,404
162,092,132
107,141,519
127,946,177
100,162,087

,24,177,578 5218,960,705 96 • |
25,890,726 66
30,818,327 67
18,134,13101 •
19.,702,825 45 •
25,454,533-96
15,104,790 63 J
19,919,492 17
16,622,746 84

1825
10,9.47,510
1826
. 12,567,769
1827 • . . 11,855,104
• 1828 • • . 12,379,176
' 1829
1830
1831..
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
1840
1841
. 1842•

Paying duty.

.
.

J^ote.—^The spaces show the changes in the tariffs.
TREASURY

DEPARTiycENT,

REGISTER'S OFFICE, November 15, 1843.




T. L. SMITH, Register.

^.-r—Statistical view..ofi the Commerce ofi the United States, exhibiting, the value ofi Imports and Exports, and also the amount ofi
Tonnage employed in the fioreign trade, annually., firom 1.821 to 1842.
V A L U E OF E X P O R T S .

Y^ars ending 3Qth of September—

Domestic produce, &c.

$43,671,894
49,874,079
47,155,408
50,649,500
66,944,.745
53,055,710
58,921,691
50,669,669
55,700,193
59,462,029
61,277,057
. 63,137,470
.70,317,698
81^024,162
101,189,082
106,916,680
95,564,414
96,033,821
103,533,891
113,895,634
106,382,722
92,969,996

1821.
1822.
1823.
1824.
1825.
1826.
1827-.
1828.
1829;
1830.
1831.
1832.
1833.
1834.
1835.
.1836.
1837.
1838.
1839.
1840.
1841.
1842.

Foreign mer. chandise.

$21,302,488
22,286,202
' 27,543,622
25,337,157
32,590,643
24,539,612
23,403,136
21,595,017
16,658,478
14,.387,479
20,033,526
24,039,473
19,822,735
23,312,811
20,504,495
21,746,360
21,854,962
. 12,452,795
17,494,525
18,190,312
15,469,081
11,721,538

<Ci
CO

TONNAGE.

Total.

Value of Imports.

$64,974,382
62,585,724
72,160,281
83,241,541
^ 74,699,030
77,579,267
75,986,657
80,549,007
^ 96,340,075
99,535,388
77,595,322 . 84,974,477
79,484,068
82,324,827
88,-509,824
- 72,264,686
74,492,527
72,358,671
70,876,920
73,849,508
103,191,124
81,310,583
101,029,266
87,176,943
108,118,311
90,140,433
126,521,-332
.104,336,973
149,895,742
121,693,577
189,980,035
128,663,040
140,989,217
117,419,376
113,717,404
108,486,616
162,092,132
121,028,416
107,141,519
132,085,946
. 127,946,177
121,851,803
100,162,087
104,691,534

American vessels.
Cleared.
804,947
813,748
810,761
919,278
960,366
953,012
980,542
897,404
944,799
971,760
972,504
974,865
1,142,160
1,134,020
1,400,517
1,315,523
1,266,622
1,408,761
1,477,928
1,647,009
1,634,156
1,536,451

Entered.
. 765,098
. 787,961
775,271
850,033
880,754
942,206
918,361
868,381.
• 872,949
967,227
922,952
949,622
1,111,441
1,074,670
1,352,653
1,255,384
1,299,720
1,302,974
1,491,279
1,576,946
1,631,909
1,510,111

Foreign vessels.
Cleared.

Entered.

83,073
97,490
119,740
102,552
95,080
99,417
131,250
151,030
133,006
133,436
271,994
387,505
497,039
577,700
630,824
674,721
756,292
604,166
611,839
706,486
736,849
740,497

•

81,526
100,541
119,468
102,367
92,927
105,654
137,589
150,223
130,743
131,900
281,948
393,038
.496,705
568,052
641,310
• 680,213
765,703
592,110
624,814
712,363
736,444
732,775

TREASURY D E P A R T M E N T , " .

REGISTER'S O F F I C E , November 15, 1843.



GO

T. L. SMITH, Register.

CO

L.—Statement exhibiting theamouut ofi. duties on merchandise, tonnage, and light money, passports, and clearances; drawback
'• paid on fioreign merchandise reexported; drawback on domestic refined sugar and domestic distilled spirits; bounties on pickled
fiish exported; allowances, to'vessels eniployed in the bank and cod fisheries ; expenses ofi collection ; and the net revenue which
accrued, annually; firom 1821 to. 1842, inclusive. ^
- ^

PAYMENTS F O R

D U T I E S ON

00
CO

.

Ul

Drawback paid on
. '2
.<a

• > < ' ; Merchan.dise.

Tonnage
and light , Passports. .Gross revenue. Foreign merchandise
money.
\..XAU.JiV4,XO^ .

r.„

Domestic
refined
sugar.

o
Domestic
distilled
spirits..

Allowances Expenses of
to fishing.
Bounties.
collection
' vessels.

•p^

Net revenue.

K^KJX^X^y^KiXKJil

•

1821
1822
.1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
18-37
1838
1839
1840
1841
1842

$18^844,364
24,078,919
22,316,752
25,494,618
3i;673,608
26,093,373
27,943,989
29,946,706
27,603,078
28,382,846
36,304,342
28,270,578
21,512,753
18,124,916
.25,490,753
30,624,619
17,554,365
18,677,804
24,436,408
13,839,921
19,166,465
15,865,913

31 $98,177 60 • $9,858 00 #18,952,399 91 $2,909,212 48 $5,362 80 $36,970 61 $11,107 80
02 127,892 68 10,144 00 24,216,955 70 •2,126,140 13 1,981 68 3,189 25 10,158 30
25
89,263 10 12,573 00 22,418,588 35 ' 3,774,065 69 2,281 68 3,517 60 10,938 50
55 . 126,540 94 10,996 00 25,632,155 49 4,437,830 35 2,308 72 3,258 60 10,162 80
07 138,847 83 12,638 00 31,825,093 90 5,372,859 11 1,612 68 1,952 32 10,560 60
50 ' 150,182 43 11,716 00 26,255,271 93 6,178,886 04 2,627 57 6,561 03 13,640 40
31 145,701 76 13,124 00 28,102,815 07 4,625,253 45 ' 5,834 36 11,168 28 8,879 20 .
80 139,641 14 10,920 00 30,097,267 94 4,052,371 37 2,045 48 14,712 54 9,026 23
58 133,861 27 11,060.-00 27,747,999 85 4,160,586 70 45,092 56
9,007 69
35 130,436 06 11,356 00 28,524,638 41 4,319,400 27 84,230-48 1,035 92 9,073 10
35
67,004 49 2,250 00 36,373,596.84
4,598,785 34 63,688 65 1,290 91 13,466 20
09
49,561 40
28,320,139 49 5,272,480 43 42,840 65 3,110 00 14,392 00
36
71,729 43
—21,584,482-79 —5rl63v938"49 -347643"80 " 2;960~06 -137284"43
_
70,988 76
82
18,195,905 58 3,070,119 03 162,086 05 11,973 15 10,852 21
- •
18
81,212 87
25,571,966,05
2,445,717 38 41,172 00 14,484 28 9,536 80
48
57,048 78
30,681,668 26 2,651,757 12 83,768 60 3,010 84 6,731 80
02
52,762 10
17,607,127 12 2,436,202 39 100,642 70 4,663 52 7,360 42
13
73,785 57
18,751,589 70
1,390,010 06 145,494 30 8,589 68 5,474 3d
85,007*56
24,521,416 53 1,537,787 55 357,488 30 16,507 36 4,743 50
97
- •
04
44,536 47
13,884,4.57 51 1,326,718 26 523,263 45 26,233 88 4,953 90
54,553 25
19,221,018 91 1,186,348 30 633,536 34 40,684-42 4,760 40
66
71
28,100 59
15,894,014 30
1,293,641 43 89,447 39 31,066 89 5,629 30
-

••

TREASURY D E P A R T M E N T , R E G I S T E R ' S O F F I C E , November 15,



$181,160
149,897
176,706
208,924
198,724
215,859
206,185
239,145
261,069
197,642
200,428
219,745
2"45,182
218,218
223,784
213,091
250,181
314,149
319,858
301,629
355,140
235,613

71 $693,167 13 $15,155,418. 38
83 706,471 98 21,219,116 53
08 733,242 38 17,717,836 42
08 754,'611 31 20,215,059 63
97 851,479 62 25,387,904 60
01 840,219 71 18,997,478 17
55 867,438 08 22,378,046 15
20 889,629 29 24,890,337 83
94 975,730 23 22,296,512 73
28 1,029,682 83 22,833,573 53
39 1,183,086 13 30,312,851 22
27 1,278,674. 38 _.21,488,89.6^76
40 1,326,691 13 14,797,782 48
76 -1,264,545 37 13,458,111 01
93 1,284,997 69 21,5.52,272 97
03 1,397,469 10 "26,325,839 77
03 1,492,947 84 13,315,129 22
49 1,514,633 34 15,373,238 53
03 1,724,591 89 20,560,4.39 90
34 1,542,319 24 10,159,339 44
01 1,483,960 08 15,516,589 36
07 1,458,442 58 12,780,173 64

1843.

T. L . SMITH, Register.

>
p^

.p:i
>
Ul

a

c^
CO

'

M.

CO
.<Ci

Values ofi the principal articles ofi Merchandise imported into the United States, annually, firom 1821 to 1842.
'

ARTICLES.

,

, Years.
Cottons.

-1821..:.
1822
1823....
1824
1825....
1826....
1827....
1828;..:..
1829....
1830....
1831...:
1832....
1833....
1834......
1835....
1836....
1837....
1838....
1839..-..
1840....
1841'...,.
1842....

Woolens.

$7,437,737 ^•$7.,589,711
• 10,246,907
12,185,904
8,554,877
.8,268,038 .
.•'8,895,757
-8,386,597
12,509,516
11,392,264
8,348,034
- 8,431,974
9,316,153
8,742,701
10,996,270
8,679,.505
8,362,017.
. 6,881,489.
7,862,326
' 5,766,396
16,090,224
12,627,229
10,399,653 9i'992,424
7,660,449
. 13,262,509
10,145,181 . 11,879,328 .
15,367,585
17,834,424
17,876,087
.• 21,080,003
11,150,841
.8,500,292
6,599,330.,
11,512,920
14,908,181
18,575,945
6,504,484
9,071,184
11,75.7;036
11,001,939
9,578,515:
. 8,375,725 .




Linens and •
- manufactures. Manufactures
of hemp.
offiax.

Silks.-.

$4,486,924 ^
6,840,928.
6,718,444'
7,204,588
10,299,743.8,-327,909
6,712,015
7,686,640
7,192,698
5,932,243
11,117,946
9,248-,907
9,498,366
10,998,964
16,677,547
22,980,212
14,352,823
9,812,338
21,678,086
9,761,223
15,511,009
9,448,372
•

•

-

.

$2,564,159
4,132,747
3,803,007
. 3,873,616
• 3,887,787
2,987,026
2,65.6,786
3,239,539
. 2,842,431
3,011,280
3,790,lir
• 4,073,164
3,132,557
;5,485,389
6,472,021
9,307,493
5,544,761
3,972,098
• 7,703,065
4,614,466
6;846",807
3,659,184

$1,120,450
•1,857,328
1,497,006
1,780,199
2,134,384
2,062,728
1,883,466
2,087,318
• 1,468,4.85
.1,333,478
1,477,149
1,640,618
2,036,035
. 1,679,995
• 2,555,847
3,365,897
. 1,951,626
1,591,757,
2,096,716
1,588,155
^•,566,381
1,273,534

Manufactures
of iron ahd
steel. ^
• $1,868,529
3,155,575
2,967,121
2,831,702
3,706,416
3a86,485
3,973,587.
. 4,180,915
3,430,908
3,655,848.
4,827,833
5;,'306,245
•4,135,437.
. 4,746,621
5,351,616
7,880^869
6,526,693
3,613,286 .
6,507,510
3,184,900
4,255,960
3,572,081

Earthen, stone, Specie and Bularid China
lion.
ware. ^

.Wines.

$8,064,890
. $763,883 '
$1,873,464
- 1,164,609
', 3,369,846
• 1,864,627
1,143,415
5,097,896
1,291,542
:. 888,869
6,473,095
1,050,898
1,086,890'
6,150,765
1,826,263'
1,337,589
•6,880,966
1,781,188
1,181,047
8,151,130
1,621,035
1,554,010
7,489,741
. 1,507,533
1,337,744
7,403,612
1,569,562,
1,259,060
8,155,964
1,535,102
1,624,604
7,305',945.
1,673,058
2,024,020
5,907,504
2,387,479
1,818,187
, 7,070,368
2,269,497
• 1,591,413
17,911,632
- 2,944,388
1,697,682.
13,131,447
3,750,608
2,709,187
13,400,881
4,332,034
1,823,400
- 10,516,414 .
4,105,741
1,385,536
17,747,116
2',318,282
2,483,258
5,595,176
3,441,697
,2,010,231
8,882,813
2,209,176
1,536,450
• 4,988,633
' 2,091,411
1,557,961
4,087,016
1,271,019

.

00
CO

M—Continued.

00
CO

".

•"

': ' . . . • •

. . •.

:••

•

'-•• ARTICLES. • •

'

• -• ^

Years.
^

Spirits. •

Molasses.

.' • Teas.' ,. . . C o f f e e . . ".

Sugar.

. .Salt.

•

Spices.

Lead.

Hemp and
cordage.

•
1821....
$1,804,798
1822....
2,450,261
1 8 2 3 . . . . . - 1,791,419
1824....
2,142,620
1825..:.
3,135,210
1826....
1,587,712
1827.;...
1,651,436
1828...".
2,331,656.
1829....
1,447,914
1830....
658,9901831....
1,037,737
1832....
1,365,018
1833....
1,537,226
1834....
1,319,245
1835....
1,632,681
1 8 3 6 . . . . . 1,917,381
1837....
.1,470,802
1838....
1,476,918,
1839....
2,222,426
1840....
1,592,564'
1841
1,743,237
1842.'-...
886,866

$1,719,227 .
2,398,355
. 2,634,222
2,413,643
2,547,715. ,
•..• 2,838,728,
• 2,-818,982^ -2,788,471 •
1,484,104
995,776
, .2,432,488
2,524i281
2,867,986
2,989,020
. 3,074,172 4,077,312 ' .
3,444,701
. •• 3,865,285
4,364,234
- 2,910,791
2,628,519
1,942,575

-$1,32^,636
$4,489^9705,552,649
• 1,860,777
• 7,098,119
2,361,245
--5,437,029
2,786;252 •
• 5,250,828
3,728,935
4,159,558
3,752,281
. 4,464,391
1,714,882
5,192,338
2,451,197. 4,588,585
2,060,457
4,227,021
2,425,018
6,317,666
1,418,037
• 9,099,464
• 2,788,-353
•
5,484,603 . ^ 10,567,299
8,762,657
6,217,949
10,715,466
. 4,522,806
9,653,053
5,342,811
8,657,760
'5,903,054 •
• 7,640,217
• 3,497,156
2,428,419
9,744,103
• 8,546,222
5,427,010
3,466,245.
. 10,444,882
8,938,638
4,527,108"

$3,553,582
5,034,429
3,258,689
5,165,800
. 4,232,530
. 5,311,631
4,577,361
3,546,736
3,622,406
.4,630,342
4,910,877,
2,933,688
4,752,343
5,537,829
6,806,174
12,514,504
7,202,668
7,586',360
. .9,919,502
5,580,950
• 8,798,037
6,370,775

TREASURY D E P A R T M E N T , R E G I S T E R ' S O F F I C E , November 15,.




-

$609,021
.625,9.32..
740,866
613,486
589,125
677,058
535,201
• 443,469
714,618
671,979
535,138.
634,910
996,418
839,315
655,097
724,527
862,617 •
1,028,418
887,092'
1,015,426
821,495
841,572

$310,281
505,340
580,956.
655,149
• 626,039
594,568
.322,730
432,504
461,539
457,723
279,095
- . 306,013
919,493
493,932
712,638
1,018,039
847,607
438,258
839,2.36
558,939
498,879
568;636

$284,701 ' • " . $618,356
266,441
- 1,202,085
155,175
796,731
128,5,70
590,035
301,408
. 484,826
265,409
'. 636,356
303,615
698,355
305,662
1,191,441
52,146
762,239
20,395
279,743
52,410
335,572
124,632
• 987,253
60,745
624,054
183,762
. 669,307
54,112
616,341
37,521
904,103 1
•17,874.
530,080
8,766
. 597,565
20,756
716,999
19,455
786,115
3,702
742,970
523,428
353,888

1843.

"T.L.-SMITH; Register.

Ci
CO

[ism.

R E P O R T S OF T H E

638

The following Tables are annexed to Table M as explanatoiy.tbereof:
M No. 1. Showing the various articles in the column headed "Cottons."
JVI-No. 2. The articles included in the^ column "Woolens."
M No. 3. Those included in the column of "Linens and'manufactures
of flax," and .that of "Manufactures of hemp."
MNo. 4. Those included in the column " Manufactures of iron and
steel."
' .
M N o . 5 . Those included in the column " H e m p and cordage."

M No. 1.

-A"

A statement exhibiting the value ^ of Mamfiactures ofi Cotton, imported firom
1821 to 1842, inclusive.
V
MANUFACTURESOF COTTON.

^
Years.

182L......
1822
1823.
1824
1825
1826
^
1827
1828
1829
1830..;...
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835.
1836
,.
1837......
1838..>....
1839
1840
1841
.1842......

Hosiery,
Twist,.- Nankeens Articles not
from
White. . gloves, mits yarn, and
specified:,
& bindings. thread. " China.

Dyed and
colored.

$4,366,407
•5,856,763
4,899,499
5,776,210
7,709,830
5,056,725
5,316,546
,6,133,844
4,404,078
4,356,675
10,046,500
6,355,475
5,181,647
6,668,823
10,610,722
12,192,980
7,087,270
4,217,551
9,216,000
3,893,694
7,434,727
6,168,544

$2,511,405
2,951,627
2,636,813
,2,354,540
3,326,208
2,260,024
, 2,584,994
2,451,316
2,242,805
2,487,804
4,285,175
2,258,672
1,181,.512.
1,766,482
2,738,493
2,766,787
1,611,398
980,142
2,154,931
917,101
1,573,505
•1,285,894

,.»
$7,589,711
$198,783 $151,138 $361,978
433,309: •181,843
823,365'
10,246,907
314,606
103,259
600,700.
. 8,554,877
387,514
140,069- 188,633
•$48,791 8,895,757545,915.
201,549
350,,243
375,771 12,509,516 .
404,870
175,143 ' 304,980
146,292 8,348,034
439,773
263,772.
256,221
'454,847 9,316,153
640,360
344,040
388,231 1,038,479 10,996,270
586,997
173,120
542,179
,412,838 8,362,017
387,454 ' 172,785
228,233
229,375 7,862,326'
887,957
393,414
114,076
363,102 16,09;0,224
1,035,513
316,122
120,629
313,242^ 10,399,653
623,369
343,059. . 37,001
293,861 .•7,660,449
749,356
379!793
47,337
533,390 10,145,181
906,369
544,473
9,021
558,507 15,367,585
1,358,608
.555;290
28,348
974,074 17,876,087
1,2.67,267404,603
35,990
744;313 11,150,841
767,856
222,114
27,049 . 384,618 6,599,330
1,879,783
779,004
3,772
874,691 14,908,181
792,078
387,095
1,102
513,414 6,504,484
980,639 - 863,130
217
904,818 11,757,036
1,027,621
457,917
53
638,486- 9,578,515

TREASURY D E P A R T M E N T ,
R E G I S T E R ' S O F F I C E , iVb?;em&er




Total.

. . . - •

.

."*

15, 1843.''
T.L^SMn:H,Regi^er.

mmm
_

mmm^
'^

. - •^.

• :

•

^ -

' .

• M No. 2 /

CO
CO

A statement exhibiting the value ofi Manufactures ofi Wool imported into the United States firom 1821 to 1842, inclusive.

- -, ;' -'
Years.

182L.....
1822......
1823...". .";
1824..:...
1825
1826
1827
1828:.:. . . .
1829
1830......
1831
1832:.
1833........
•1834.......
1835..:...
1836......
1837
1838
•.
1839
1840......
1841
1842
.

- > . . . -

Cloths and meriiro shawls,&c.
' $5,038,255" =
8,491,935
' 5,844,068
5,202,009
5,264,562'
4,546,714
-. 4,285,413
4,315,714
3,335,994.
2,854,339
6,121,442
5,101,841
6,133,443 4,364,340
• 7,048,334
. 8,945,509
.3,015,783
5,348,928
7,361,373
4,823,138
5,042,045.
4,180,875

TREASURY

Blankets.
$434,256
• 991,147
604,896
526,023'.
891,197
527,784
.703,477
624,239
455,467
594,044
1,180,478
602,796
1,165,260
1,068,065
1,865,344
2,397,822
959,814
946,546
1,356,086
570,417
691,895
566,233

M A N U F A C T U R E S GF W O O L .

Hosiery,
Woolen and
gloves, mits ,&c. Worsted stuffs. worsted yarn.
• $198,783 •
433,309
. 314,605
317,778
369,747
• 189,993
376,927
365,339
230,986,
,133,453
325,856
260,563
463,348
^ 383,977
652,680
700,530.
" 177,092
356,965
1,037,096
506,452
471,877
375,297
-

$1,766,443
2,269,513
1,504,469
.2,1.58,680
2,277,486
1,143,166
1,382,875
1,446,146
.-1,600,622
^ 1,397,545
3,392,037
2,615,124
4,281,309
5,055,121
. 6,549,278
6,666,.312
'3,350,266
3,933,455
7,025,898
2,387,338
3,712,206
2,366,122

_
-- ^
-.
- '
-.
-

$102,719
166,517
262,515
212,706
172,462136,689
368,95S
104,738
158,224
217,611

Ul
Carpeting.

_
-.

$37,834
515,391
545,148
511,186
581,946
.323,254
201,649
421,099
557,775
. 319,592
396,868
603,084
964,655
623,101
315,353
612,607
338,501
345,488
- 242,309

Flannels and All other manu- "Total-value.
baizes. ' factures of wool.

.
-.
.-

_
-

• $7,437,737
12,185,904
• -8,268,038
$144,273
8,386,597
$1,065,609
1,008,272
11,392,264
586,823 ^
892,346
8,431,974
587,250
895,573
8,742,701
667,722
678,399
8,679,505
383,208
551,958
6,881,489
266,060
• 319,306
5,766,396
695,666
490,651
12,627,229
503,193
351,132
9,992,424
286,299
510,539
13,262,509
240,663
203,787
11,879,328
399,785
453,404
17,834,424
475,712
^ 713,757 •
21,080,003
111,249
90,525
. 8,500,292
159,979
. 315,005
11,512,920
291,373
•
522,554
18,575,945
118,715
221,885 • ^ 9,071,184
184,911
395,293
11,001,939
90,280
330,989
8,375,725

O
1

>'

p^

O
1

H
ffi

'

>
•

Ul

DEPARTMENT,

R E G I S T E R ' S O F F I C E , Noveinber'15,; 1 8 4 3 .




T . L . S M I T H . Res;ister.

CO
CO

,

M No. 3,

• •

•'

r

. ^ ...

o

Statement exhibiting the value ofi Manufiactures ofi Flax and Hemp imported into the United States firom 1821 to 1842, inclusive.
MANUFACTURES...OF FLAX.

Years; •
Linens.;'

Other manufactures of; •

Totalvalue.

$2,564,159 .'
$2,564,159 .
182L....
•'•1822...".,.
4,132,747
. 4,132,747 .
1823.....
3,803,007
3,803,'007-. .
1824..:.-°.
3,873,616.^
3,873,616
-'
1825:....
3,675-689 " • $212,098
3,887,787
. 1826..'..'.•
2,757,080229,946 - 2,987,026
1827..'.'...
2,366,115.
230,671
'2,656,786
1828......
2,514,688 -.
'724,851 •
. 3,239,539
1829.'. :V:
2;5Sl,9Ql .
260.,-530
2,842,431.
:1830...V.2,"527,778' .
483,-502
3,011,280
: 1831.....
3,163,956
626,155
3,790„111.=
.1832. .".v.
. 3,428,559 ' .
644,605 .'
4,073U64
. 1 8 3 3 . . . . . . • 2,611,840,
.520,717 " 3;i32,557
1834.'. .V.
•5,088,480
7 396,909.
5,485,389
1835...'. .' • 6,056,141 ^ ' 415,886
•6,472,021
1836......
8,803,956 •
503,537•9,307,493
18^37.... \ . - 5,077,379 • . • . 467,382
5,544,76L'
1 8 3 8 . . . . . ••.3,583,340
• 388,758
•3,972,098
1839...... - . 6,939,986~ . -763,079: - • 7,'703,0651840.-.^...
4,292,782'
321,684
'.•4,614,466
184L.-...
6,320,419
' 526,388
6,846",807
1842..... .' 3,153,805
.. 505,379
• 3,659,184.
'

-

.

:

•

-

-

-" . :.

' •

^

- • '

-• ^

MANUFACTURES OF HEMP.

Sail duck...

• Sheeting.,--, Ticklen burgs,
brown .and osnaburgs, and Cotton bagging. Other manufac. - tures of. •
burlaps.. •
•'white. <;

Total value..

$894,276"
$226,174 ..." -. ' ' .
$1,120,450
1,524,486 .
332,842
1,857,328
l;024,180
•472,8261,497,006
- .•
~
- ' . $60,618
990,017
$18,491.
• 673,735
• $37,338
1,780,199 .
•33,408
..-677,151
637,023
405,739
.
381,063
2,134,384
• 48,9.09 • • 2,062,728
.'856,4-74
274,973
470,705
411,667
60,293. • 1^883,466
,766,310/
366,913
• 336,124
353,826.
•43,052 '
.' • 678,483-•
•
408,626;352,483 .
604,674 ••
2,087,318"
52,505..
362,333
- .274,073
• 247,865
'531,709
1,468,485
133,103
317,347
69,126 .
250,237. . - 563,665 ' . '
1,333,478
122,009•470,030
18,966
351,499
514,6451,477,149
• 84,114
" • 776,191:.
87,966. .
326,027 .
366,320
1,640,618
-40,622 .
•860,323
1.58,681 • 327,518 • .^ 648,891
2,056;03521,955.
" '720,780 .
237,260
• .400,000..
.300,000
.l-,679,995
39,032
" - 828',826••: 924,036
426,942
337,011
2,555,847
662,652
" 555,141.
. 392,194
.1,•701,451
• 54,459
3,365,89.7
55,467•. 540,421.
429,251 ; ' 541,771
. 384,716
1,951,626 •
• • 683,070
325,345
362,725
173,325
47,292
1,59.1,757
- • 9.7,436 . . 2,096,716 760,199
, . -220,023;
. / 535,789
. 483,269
615,723
. 261,173^ 329,054
310,211 •
,
71,994• 1,588-,155
73,271.
904,493 •
723,678
325,167, : • • 539,772
2,566,381
516,880
^ 110,782.
. 187,006
. 421,824
37,042.
1,273,534
: -

.

'

;

,

:

,

,

.

•

-

-

•

:

•

,

;

.

•

.

'

.

•

O

o

.."'.:;.' .. ''•- : . • ^ . • • ' Sailrduck.and"sheeting not stated separate!y-until 1824..
"

TREASURY DEPARTM.ENT, REGISTER'S O F F I C E ,



00.

November 15, 1843..

T. L , SMITH, Registe.

CO

.
^

fi

^

^ .,, ,

;

^ M No.4.

.

^ ,

^

•

Statement exhibiting the value ofi Manufiactures ofi Iron an^ Steel;, emd, of Iran a/nd iSted-iimanufiaetured,.imported into the United
^
Statesfirom 1821 io 1842, inclusive.
"'' ' '
'" - " '
•
)

<!

•.MANUFACTURES OF IRON AND STEEL.

UNMANUFACTURED IRON AND STEEL.

Ul

1

^

Years.

•

Paying duties Payirig specific
/ duties."
ad valorem.

Total.

$1,630,129
$.238,400 •.
.$1,868,529
1821
1822
- 387,818 2,767,757
3,155,575
1823
398,279
2,568,842
. ;-2,967,121
. 1824
' 326,411.
2,505,291
.^2,831,702
1825
393,658 • 3,706,416
3,312,758.
^
•182^..-...
355,152 • . 3,186,485
2,831,333
1827......
448,154
3,525,433.
3,973,587
'
1828.;;v.j
, 620,933. .. 4,180,91.5
3,559,982
1829.'.'..^J
330,278
3,100,630
3,430,908
1830,..;...;
283,702"
'3,372;i46
3,655,848
1831.....
468,912 .'.
4^358,92jL .
4,827,833
1832
'608,733 •
4,697,512
5,306,245'
1833.....
773,8553,361,582
4,135,437
1834
,^56,000
4,09.0,621
4,746,621
1835......
;624,155
4,827;461 :
5,351,616
B79U65
1836
7,001,404
7,880,869
• 1,038,38^' " '6,526,69„3
1837.....
5,488;311
1838.:...
3,069,507
-543,779 '
3,613,286
1839,....
922,447 :
5,585;C)63 .: 6,507,510
i84o::..,.
2,575,229 ,609;67i -; ;\3,184,900
1841
:827,820 .:
. 3,428,140
•4V245.,96^
• 1842.....
:
i652,583 :
2,919i:49.8
.3;572,08:1

'

: B a r ; ] ron".

Manufactured
• by rolhng.

''

Manufactured
otherwise.

?ig iron.

' Old and icrap
iron.

..
, $1,213,041
•
.•
,4
-•. 1,864,868.;
l 1,891,635
'' --:
962,897:.
$483,686 ;
$3;444
224,497
1,562,146
36,513
223,2.59
1,590,350
67,004
. 347,792 •
1,323,749
46,881
441,000. . 2,141,178
93,025
119,326
1,884,049
28,811 .
:
226;336"
.1,730,375 :
25,644544,664^. ••.1,260,166
160;68l;
::701-,549:^
• 1,9219,493 ^" - 222;303;
•' 1,002,750
1,837,473 ;
217,668 .
1,187,236
1,742,883
270,325
1,050,152
1,641,359
289,779
2,131,828
1,891,2K
272,978 .
: 2,573,367:
:
. 2,017,3.46 .
422,929
:. ,1,825,121' 1,166,196 ,
319,099" :
; 3,181:,180:
•
. 2,054,094
.'285,300
• 1,707,649: 1,689,831 •
'
114,562
:
: 2,172,278:
•
: 1,614,619
223,228
: 2,053;453'
: i,04i,4;io
295,284
:

TREASURY DEPAR.TMENT, R E G I S T E R ' S O F F I C E , Novembei- 1^,



w
o

:;

1843.

S.teel.

'

• Total value.

$131,291- '$1,344,332
189,613'
2i054,481.
224,5952,116,230'
236,405:
1,686,432 .
291,515
'2yll4,671
384,235
2-26-4,848 V
310,197
2^028,619'
:
430,425
3^105^628
. 289,831
2,322,017
291,257 :
2,273,612
399,635
2y365,146
.645,510
3,498,855
$24,035
523,116
3,605,042
33,243
554,150 '
3,787,837
11,-609
576,988
3,569,587 •
2.8,224
-• 686,141. . 5,010,385
18,391 =
804,817 . " • 5,836,850
: 7,567
. ^ 487,334 ; 3,805,317 •
'
: 10,161
. 771,804 i 6,302,539 :
.: 15,749 '
528,716
: 4,056,^07
: 10,537 :
60.9,201
. 4,629,563
: 8,-207
597^317
; 3,995,671
•

•

-

'

-

,

•

o

!=3:-

:

"

X. L. SMITH, Register.

>
.GO

|£

R E P O R T S OF T H E

642

•

[1843.

•" "• M ' N o 6 :

A statement exhibiting the value ofi Hemp and Cordage imported into the
United States firom 1821 to 1842, inclusive.
H E M P AND CORDAGE.
YEARS.

Hemp.

Tarred cordage. Untarred cordage.

Total Value.

1821.

$510,489

$107,867

1822..

1,054,764

147,321

1,202,085

1823:.

674,454

122,277

' 796,731
590,035

182i..

'

485,075

104,960

1825.

^ 431,787

-42,646

$618,356

$10,393

484,826

1826.

551,757

• '77,186

7,4i3

636,356

1827..

635,854

56,162

, 6,339

698,355

1828..

1,075,243'

109,454

6,744

1,191,441

1829.

655,935

97,436

8,868

762,239

1830.,

200,338

71,291

8,114

279,743

1831..

295,706

33,522

6,344

335,572

1832..

866,865

•116,389

3,999

987,253

1833..

470,973

142,538

10,543

624,054

1834..

514,743

147,805

6,759

669,307

1835..

528,981

81,594

5,766

616,341

1836..

815,558

82,561

5,984

904,103

1837..

483,792.

34,108

12,180

530,080

1^38..

512,506

75,142

, 9,917

597,565

1839..

607,766 '

106,902

2,331

716,999

1840..

686,7^7 *

* 85,904

1841..

561,039

112,995

68,936

• 742,970

1842..

267,849

"66,548

19,491

• 353,888

TREASURY DEPARTMENT,
REGISTER'S O F F I C E ,




13,434 J

786;115

/.

iVbi'em&er 15, 1843. V
T. L. SMITH, Register.

CO

Co

Statement ofi the value ofi dftides iniported into the Uniied States y designating the countries firom which received, ctnnudUy, firom
• .' fi 1821 to 1842, inclusive'.
'
'
-

FROM

Ul

Years. ' ' ; Great Britain France and de- Spain and de- Netherlands Sweden and de- . Denmark and Portugal and
and dependen- pendencies; • pendencies i "and dep end endependencies. dependen.cies.
. pendencies.
cies. .
ciefSi •
1 8 2 1 . . . . . . . ' ^ $29,277,938
$5,900,581 - $9,653i728 ^ $2^934,272
7,059,342
12,376,841
^2j708,162
39,537,829
1822
. 6,605,343.
14,233,590 -. 2il25,587
• 34,072,578
1823...:...
8,120,763
16,577,156
2,355,525
1824
' • 32,732,340
11,835,581
9,566,237
,2,-265'j378
1 8 2 5 . . . . . . . - -42,394,812
9,623,420
2,174^181
1 8 2 6 . . . . . . ' . " 32,212,.356 - 9,588,896
9,448,562
9,100,369
. 1,722,070
33,056,374
J827
V.
10,287,505
' 8n67,546.
1,990,431
35,591,484
1828.....'.-.- •
9,616,970
6,801,374
1,617,334
1829.....V. '- 27,582,082
. 8,240,885
8,373,681
1,356,765.
1830.....-.v '.--26,804,984
14,737,585
11,701,201
1^653,031
1831
.-.' - -47,956,717
2,358,474
42,406,924 - 12,754,615 ^ - 10,863,290
1832.*.....-.'
13,962,913
13,431,207 ,
2,347,343
1 8 3 3 . . . . . . . ^ ' ^ -43,085,865
17,557,245 '. 13,527,464
2,127,886
.52,679,298
18.34.
23,362,584
15,617,140
2,90^,718
65,949,307
1 8 3 5 . . . . . V. •
19,345,690
3;861,514
1836........
86,022,915 • 37,036,235
52,289,557
22,497,-817
18,927,871
3,370,828
1837..
18,087,149
15,971,394
2,194,238
1838...;...
49,051,181
71,600,35133,234,119
19,276,795
"3,473,220
1839.......
17,908,127.
14,019,647
2,326,896
1840..
39,130,921
51,099,638
^24,187,444
16,316,303
2,440,437
1841..
17,223,39012,176,588
2,214,520
1842
38,613,043




$1^369^869
1,544,907
1,503,050
1,101,750
1,417,598
1,292,182
1,225T042

1,946,783
1,303,959
1,398,640
1,120,730
1,150,804
1,200,899
1,126,541
1,316,508
1,299,603
- 1,468,878
900,790"
1,566,142
1,275,458
1,229,641
914,1.76

China.

Hanse Towns.

• $990,165
$3,111,951
$1,999,730
' $748,423
1,578,757
2,535,406
.
881,290 " 5,242,536 "
1,981,026
1,324,532
533,635
6,511,425
2,527,830
2,110,666' / •- 601,722
. 5,618,502
2,739,526
1,539,592
733,443
7,533,115
2,816,545
2,117,164
765,203 .
7,422,186
1,638.,558
2,340,171
659,001
3,617,183
. 2,644,392
. 2,374,069
433,555
5,339,108
, 2,274,275
2,086.177
: . 687,869
4,680,847
1,873,278
,
1,671,218
471,643
3,878,141
3,493,301
1,652,216
397,550 . . 3,083,205
2,865,096
• 1,182,708
485,264
5,344,907
2,227,726
'l',166,872
555,137
7,541,570 .
3,.355,856
1,684,368
699,122
7,892,327
3,841,943
1,403,902
1,125,713
5,987,187
4,994,820
1,874,340
672,670
7,324,816
1,266,906
. 928,291
' 8,965,337
5,642,221
2,847,358
1,644,865
725,058
4,764,356
1,546,758
. 1,182,323
3,678,509- 4,849,150
2,521,493
976,678
599,894
6,640,829
1,084,321
574,841
3,985,388
2,449,964
2,274,019
584,321
347,684
4,934,645

W
o
p^

w

o

P^
>
Ul

d

as
CO

N-^Continued.
\

; , , "Years.
•

1821;.;..
;i822.'.v.
.-1-823.'.-.'.
' 1825.%-.".
1826;..-.
'1827.%-.°.
'•,i828.v;..
1829.V;.
1830.-.;'.
1831.-.';.
1832....
1833:v;.
1834
1835....
1836... .•
1837
1838....
1839....
1840....
1841
.1842....

Russia.

itaiy.:

.

FROiyi.

Hayti. v

. $1,852,199
$973,463 $2,246,257
3,307,328 . 1,562,033
2,341,817
. -2,258,777;
1,369,440
2,352,733
2,209,6'63
2,247,235
1,029,439
2,067,110
2,065,329
^1,454,022
2,617,169.
1,511,836
1,120,749
. • 2,086,077
1,013,126
,1,781,309
. -2,788,36-2 ' l,607,4i7 ; '2,163,535
•, 2,218,995. ..- 1,409,588
1,799,809
. 1,621,899
940,254 . 1,597,140
1,608,328<
1,704,264 •-• 1,580,5.78
3,251,852 .1,619,795 .2,053,3.86
2,772,550 - -•,999,134 ^ 1,7-40,058
2,595,840
1,422,063
2,113,717.
2,395,245
•1,457,977
2,347,556
- • '2,778,554 ', 1,970,246
1,828,019
2,816,116 , '1,827,181; 1,440,856
• 1,89'8,3?6
1,275,762
944,238
- 2,393,894- *• 1,182,297
1,377,989
, 2,572,427
1,252,824
1,157,200
2,817,448 • 1,151,236 - 1,809,684
1,266,997
1,350,106987,528

TREASURY D E P A R T M E N T , R E G I S T E R ' S



^

Mexico., y e n e z u e l a .
Central
New Grana- •America.
da,and Ecuador. ; ; ' <,

• •

'

$4,044,647. $1,837,050- -: $56,789204,270
- 3,916,198 .2,079,724 251,342
.. .5,^31,867:
1,550,248
204,770
4,814,258
1,484,85.6,
311,931
5,026,761
.a,255;3lo
302,833
.5,235,241 - 1,120,095;
5,16.6,745;
1,207,154 '• • 198,5:04
288,316;
4,293,954
1,439,182
267,740
1,524,622 ;
^ 5„452,818
^
170,968
1,727,188
8,066,068
.215,450
1,662,764.
9,490,446'
.1,696,650 • . 195,304
5,615,819
163,402
1,567,345 .
*5V654,002
155,614
1,615,249
3,500,709
192;845
2,073,§16
• 3,127,153
189,021
4,175,001 . 1,572,548
186,911
2,156,121'
• 3,284,957
124,994
1,720,5581,995,696

OFFicE;^A^a?;.m^^

•

Brazil.

.

'

• ,

Argentine & "
.Cisplatine ..
Republics..

$605,126
1,486,587
1,214,8102,074,119.
2,156,707; • $749,771
2,156,678 ' 522,769 .
• ^2,060,9711
80,0653,097,752
317,466
• 2,535,467
: ' 915,190
-. 2,4^1,460- ' 1,431,883 .
- 2,375,829; "
, 9:28,103
.'3,890,845
1,560,171
5,089,693- , •1,377,117
4,729,969
1,430,118
5,574,466'
878,618
7,210,190
1,053,503
4,991,893
1,000,002
3,191,238
1,029 ,.539
5,292,955
1,150,546
4,927,296
787,964 '
6,302,653
1,957,747
5,948,814
2,417,541

Chih. • •. Texas.

"-$229,509
.' 629,949
. 184,693
781,863
- 416,118
• 182,585
413,758
-504,623
-' 334,130
• . 787,409
• 917,095
811,497
1,180,1.56
942,095
1,186,641
1,616,859
1,230,980
'• 831,039

$163,384 '
165,718
318,116
303,847
• 395,026
480,892

15, 1843.
T . L. SMITH, Register.

GO
CO

o.

00
CO

Statement exhibiting the value ofi certain articles ofi Domestic Produce and Mariufiacture, and ofi Bullion: and Specie, exported, firom
1821 to 1842, inclusive.
•'

Yeai-s..

.. Cotton,.

.

./

: Tobacco.. ' : • Ric^.
-

^

'

-

•

, " : , .

'

•

i

•

>

'

-

Flour.'^ Pork,hogs. Beef, cat- Butter-: and Skins and
lard, &c. •tleV^hides - cheese.
furs.
.&c. '

1821.'. .$20,157,484 $5,648,962 $1,494,307 $4,298,043
1822.. .•24,035,058 ...6,222,838 1,563,482 5,103,280
1823'.., , -20,445,520 :'• 6,282,672 1,820,985 4,962;373
1824..V - 21^947,401 .. '4,855,566 .1,882,982 5,759,176
1825... . 36,846,649 •..6,115,-623 1,925,245 4,212,127
• 5,347,208 1,917,445 ^4,121,466
1826-,.. 25,025,214 1^27.. . .29;359,545 • 6,816,146 2,343,908 4,434,881
%
1828.... c 22,487V229 ; . 5-480,707 2,620,696 4,283,669
18.29:. . 26,575,311 . ; 5,185,370 2,514,370 5,000,023
29,674,883 : . 5,833,112 . 1,986,824 6;132,129
1$30..
"•.-•4,892,388 2,016,26'7 10,461,728
1831.. % : 25,289,492
1832... • 31,724,-682 ' 5,999,769 .2,152,361 4,974,121
1833.. . 36,191,105 .. ^5,755;968 . 2,774,418 5,642,602
1834.. . 49,448,402 , 6,595,305 --2,122,292 4,560,379
8,250,577 2,210,331 4,394,777
1835.. .64,661,302
18367'. 71,284,'925 •10,058,6-40 .2,-548,750 .3,572,599
•1837.. 63,240,102
5,795,647 2,309,279 2,987,269
1838.. .61,556,811 . -7,392,029 1,721,819 3,603,299
1839;.
61,238,982
-9,8-32,943 2,460,198 6,925,170
63,870,307
9,883,957 1,942,076 10,143,615
1840..
1841..
54,330,341 12,576,703 2,010,107 • 7,759,646
47,593,464
.9,540,755 1,907,387 7,37.5,356
1842..

00Fish.

Lumber.

Manufac. tureSi;

Specie andbulJion. ;

$1,354,116 ;.,$698,323 . '$190,287 $766,205 . $973,591 $1,512,808 ; $2,752,631 $10,478,059
1,357,899 - .1844,534
221,041
501,302
915,838 ' i;307,670 •3,121,030
10,810,180
1,291,322 ;. .739,461 • i.9"2,778 . 672,917 : 1,004,800 • 1,335,600 . 3,139,598
6,372,987
1,489,051 - 707,299 • -204,205
661,455 1,136,704 •1,734,586 • 4,841,383
7,014,522
1,832,679
247,787
-524,692 . 1,078,773 .. - 1,717,571
5,729,797
8,797,055
930,465
.1,892,429 - 733,430 - 207,765
582;473
924,922
5,495,130 . . 4,663,795
2,011,694
1,555,698
184,049 ' . 441,690 .• 987,-447 ;. i;697,170 -. 5,536,651
8,014,888
772,636
1,495,830 •719,961
176,354
626,235 1,066,663
5;548,354
8,243,473
1,821,-906
1,493,629 ' ,674,955
176,205
526,507
968,068 • 1,680,403 •; 5,412,320
4,924,020
1,315,245 ; .. 717,683 . 142,370 ... 641,760 .'756,677 - - 1,836,014 '5,320,980
2,178,773
1,501,644 .829,982 . 264;796 • 750,938 • 929,834 ^ 1,964,195
5,086,890
9,014,931
1,928,196 . • 774,087 -290,820
691,9,09 • 1,056,721
5,050,633
5,656,340
2,096,707
2,151,588
841,933
990,290
2,611,701
955,076 . 258,452
.2,569,493 . 6,557,080
1,796,001 : 755,219 ; -M9{),09"9 • 797S844
863,674
6,247,893
2,076,758
2,435,314
1,776,732 • 638,761 • ' 164;809 ; 759,953 1,008,534
7,694,073
6,477,775
3,323,057
'1,383',344 - 699,166
114,033 ; 653,662
96T,890
6,107,528 * 4,324,336
2,860,691
1,299,796
585,146
96,176 ' 651,908
769,840 • 3,155,990
7,136,997
5,976,249
1,312,346
148,191
636,945
819,003
3,513,'565
528,231
3,166,196 . 8,397,078
1,777,230 .. 371,646 •• 127,550
732-,087
'850,538
3;604,399
8,325,082 .8,776,743
1,894,894
210,749 1,237,789
720,164
9,873,462
8,417,014
623,373
2,926,846
2,621,537 • 904,918
504,815
993,262
751,783
3,-576,805
9,953^020
10,034,332
'2,629,403 1,212,638
388,185
598,487
"730,106
8,410,694
4,813,539
3,230,003

TREASURY D E P A R T M E N T , R E G I S T E R ' S O F F I C E ,



VALUE OF ARTICLES EXPORTED.

Novemher'15, i843.

O
pi
>
-pi

>
d
pi
«1

OS.,

T . L. SIVIITH, Register.

c^

A statement exhibiting the value ofi Domestic Produce and manufiactures exported, and the countries to which the same were exported,
..
'•
; ^
- '
annually, firom 1821 to 1842, inclusive: .,
•

Years.

T Q Great Brit- To France and To Spain' and To Netherlands To S-sveden arid To Denmark To Portugal and
ain and depen- dependencies;. dependencies. and dependen- dependencies. and dependen- dependencies.
cies..
cies.
dencies.

$2,327,882
-. |6,092,061- .- $77-7,407
1821....
$26,522,572- • . $6,474,718-' . $7,209,275
1822....
30,0^41,337- - 7,075,332
•8,438,2]2 • 5,801,639
921,434
2,434,046
1823....
27,571,060'
9.568,924
10,963,398
. :7,t67,075
-558,291
1,955,071
1824....
•28,027 ,,845 ' 10,552,304
15,367,278
8,617,389
569,4282,183,252 ^
1825....
.44,217,525"
11,891,326
, 5,921,549
•5,895,499
569,550. • 2,701,088
1 8 2 6 . . . . . 28,980,019 .12,106,429
6,687,351 : • 4,794,070
358,380
2,412,875
1827.... ^ 32,870,465
13,565,356
7,321,991
- 3,826,674
850,877 :
2,404^822..
1828.:.-.
27,020,209 ; .12,098,341 . 7,204,627
- 3,083,359
-1,106,954 ; , 3,348,167
1829..'..
28,071,08'4 - '12,-832,304
.. 6,888,094
.4,622,120
957,948
• 2,311,174
.1830
'. 31,647,881, ^ 11,806,238 .
6,049,051
-4,562,437
961,729 ,
2,014,085
1831.-... . 39,901,379 ^ . 9,882,679
5,661,420
3,096,609
540,078
2,000,793'
1832....
3.7,268,556
13,244,698
6,399,183
^6,035,466
515,140-. -. . 2,207,551 "\-.
1 8 3 3 . . . . .. 39,881,486
14,424,533
,6,506,041
3,566,361
420,069
1,839,834
1834.•:..
50,797,650 . 16,111,442
-...6,296,556
4,578,739.
494,741
J,8577114 .,
.1835;'...
60,107,134
80,335,066
.7.069,279
4,4U<053
602,593
. 1,,78P,4961836....
64,487,550
21,441,200
8,081,668
4,799,157
700,386
2,122,469
1 8 3 7 . . . . 1 61,218,813 .
20,255,346
7,604,002
•4,285,767
507,5231,640,173
1838.... h 58,843,392
. 7,684,006
. 3,772,206. ''^"
"355,85^
l,§99,927
16,252,413
1839....
68,169,082
, 18,924,413
7,724,429
2,'871,239
470,914
• 1,406,346
1840....
70,420,846
22,349,154
7,617,347
4,546,085
652,546
1,193,500
1841....
62,376,402
22,235,575
7,181,409
. •3,298,741
771,210
1,987,283
1842...:
52,306,650 - 18,738,860 • 6,323,295
4,270,770
-477,965
1,047,673




•

To China,

To Hanse
Towns. -

.$435,700
=$4,290,560
$2,132,544
427,491
'-.5,935,368
2,505,015
'246,648 . ^ 4;636,Q61 3,169,439
,518,836
•5,301,171
1,863,273
.408,160
" 5,570,515
^
3,121,033
. .. 313,553
2,566,644
2,116,697
• ; 357,270 3,864,405
3,013,185
291,614
• 1,482,802
9,995,251
. 322,911
. 1,3^4,862
3,277,160
, .'^79,799
> 742,193
2,274,880
' .29-4,383
• 1,290,835
^2,592,172
•. 296,218
1,260,522 ^ " 4,088,212
442,561
1,433,759
2,903,296
322,496
• 1,Q10,483
4,659,674
521,413.
.1,868,580
. 3,528,276
191,007
1,194,264
4,363,882
423,705
630,591
3,754,949
232,131
- 1,516,602,
3,291,645 1
^44,354
1,533,601 ' . 2,801,067 i
321,256
909,966
.4,035,964
349,113
1,200,816
4,560,716
302,964
1,444,397
4,564,513 I

P^

§•
Ul

O

N

••

00

P—Continued.

CD
05

Years.

To Russia.

To Italy.

To Hayti.

To Mexico.

'
1821....
1822....
1823....
1824.....
1825....
1826....
1827....
1828....
1829.....
1830....
1831....
1832....
1833....
1834....
1835....
1836.. .^.
1837....
1838.-...
1839....
1840.... '
1841....
1842....

$628,894 •
529,081
648,734
231,981
287,401
174,648
. 382,244
450,495 ,
386,226
416,575
462,766
582,682.
703,805
330,694
585,447
911,013
1,306,732
1,048,289
1,239,246
1,169,481
1,025,729
836,593

To Venezuela,
New Granada, To Central
America.
and Ecuador.

.
.,
$2,270,601
$1,099,667 •
1,450,184
2,119,811
•
•
1,067,905
• 2,378,782 :
• fi- '
664,348
2,365,155
.
$2,239,255
645,039
2,054,615 - $6,470,144
$99,522
530,221
1,414,494
6,281,050^ , 1,952,672
119,774
944,534
610,221
1,331,909
. 4,173,257
224,772
884,524
920,750
1,332,711
2,886,484
' 159,272
767,348
901,012975,158
2,331,151
239,854
496,990
' .740,360
823,178 • - 4,837,458
250,118
658,149
694,525
1,318,375
6,178,218
306,497
687,563
1,669,003
3,467,541 • 1,117,024
335,307
957,543
372,186
^ 1,427,963
5,408,091
575,016
795,567
493,557
1,436,952
5,265,053
184,149
1,064,016 - 183,793
285,941
1,815,812
9,029,221
829,255
664,059
1,240,039
6,041,635
189,518
1,080,109
623,677
1,011,981
3,880,323
157,663
724,739
459,893
910,255
2,164,097
243,040
750,785
438,152
1,122,559
2,787,362
216,242
919,123
1,473,185'
1,027,214
2,515,241
217,946
872,937
912,318
1,155,557
2,036,620
149,913
769,936
820,517
• 899,966
1,534,233
68,466
a.

•

.

"

•

-

••

-

To Argentine
To Brazil. and Cisplatine To Chih,
Republics.
$1,381,760 J
1,463,929
1,341,390
2,301,904
2,393,754
. $573,520
2,200,349
379,340
1,863,806
151,204
1,988,705 •
154,228
1,929,927
626,052
1,843,238
. 629,887
2,076,095
' 659,779
2,054,794
923,040
3,272,101
- 699,728
2,059,351
971,837
2,608,656
708,918
3,094,936
384,933
' 1,743,209
273,872
2,657,194
296,994
2,637,485
465,363
2,506,574
519,006
3,517,273
818,170
2,601,502
681,228

To Texas.

Ul
W

o
$921,438
1,447,498
1,702,601
2,629,402
1,421,134
1,536,114
1,368,155
1,221,119
1,463,940
1,476,355
: 941,884
937,917
1,487,799
1,370,264
1,794,553
1,728,829
1,102,988
r,639,676

>

o
»^

w
$1,007,928
1,^247,880
1,687,082
1,218,271
808,296.
406,929

H
pi
>
TO

a

TREASURY D E P A R T M E N T ,

R E G I S T E R ' S O F F I C E , November 15, 1843.




T. L. SMITH, Register.
Ci

INDEX,

A.
Alexandria city, the debt of, assumed by the Federal Government
'
273, 352, 357, 358* 371, 385, 483, 504, 630, 651
Allowances—seeFishing Vessels.
Appeal/the right of, to the Supreme Court should be allowed in cases involving an amount
of duty
....
617
Appropriations, detailed estimates of, for 1838.
. . . .123, 124
for 1840. ...
298, 299
for 1841..
.•.
,..390,391
Appropriations, in aggregate arid detail, made for 183?
.. <124 to 158
......
299 to 334
made in 1839
made in 1840'
.... . .391 to 424
Appropriations, in aggregate and detail, made by former acts of Congress—
' for the service of 1838.,
...123,158
for the service of 1839
..... '
181
for the service of 1840..
"...
298,334
for the service of 1841..
390, 424
existing, required for 1837 and former years, to be expended in 1 8 3 8 . . . , , 123,
-159 to 170
existing, required for 1839 and former years^ to be expended in 1840... . 298,
335 to 346
existing, required for 1840 and former years, to be expended in 1841
390,
425 to 436
suggestions in 1838 that prudence requires a reduction in the annual
186
which will probably be carried to the surplus fund in 1837. ,.123, 159 to 170
"
in 1839
298, 335 to 346
in 1840
390, 425 to 436
existing, not required for 1837, proposed to be applied to 1838.'. 123, 159 to 170
1839, proposed to be applied to 1840. .298, 335 to 346
1840, proposed to be applied to 1841. .390, 425 to 436
views" in 1837 in regard to the difficulty in paying the, and on the issue of
Treasury notes
,,,
..«*
7
a reduction in the* for the year 18.40 recommended, to prevent a deficit.
234
estimated amount of new, in 1 8 4 1 . . . . . . . . .
...o
358
the outstanding and unexpended in 1837, charged on the Treasury
3
the outstanding, unsatisfied at the end of the year 1837, estimated
. 91
the'outstanding, unsatisfied at the end of the year 1838, explanations as to
the
... .
<
180
the'amount'of, estimated to be uncalled for at the end of the year 1839... 235
the estimated, to be uncalled for at the end of 1840
a*
358
the amount of the, for 1837, to be applied to the service of 1838, without
reappropriation
„
91
the amount'of the, for 1838, applicable to "the service of 1839.
180
the atriount of the, for 1839, which will be applied to the service of 1840,
without reappropriation..
235
the amount of the, for 1840, which will be applied to the service of 1841,
without r e a p p r o p r i a t i o n e
*
<.
. 358




686

njTDEX.

Appropriations, the balance of, outstanding on the 1st of January and 4th of March, 1841.
a lessening of the, f<?r the service of 1841, recommended as a means to preserve a balance in the Treasury
.
beyond the estimates, views in 1837 in regard to the indefinite and the
outstanding.
,....„...„.,.. i i . 1
to pay the debt of the District of Columbia to Holland
.,..
,
Army.—Estimates, appropriations, and expenditures on account of the—see Military
Service.
Attorneys, United States, circular to, in 1837..
.....

448
361
0 1
91
36

B.
Balance in the Treasury 1st January, 1836, including trust funds. . . . . . .
88
1st January, 1837
.1, 89, 175, 605, 627
30th June, 1837...
3,441
1st January, 1838..
90, 91, 176, 178, 256, 627
1st January, 1839
175, 178, 231, 255, 256, 371, 629
1st January, 1840
.351, 371, 372, 437, 627
1st January, 1841..,
.438, 461, 462,. 605
4th of March, 1841
...
"
438, 439, 441, 486
1st of January, 1842.
, ..
.485, 598
IstofJanuary, 1843..,.,
"....'.'
487,599
1st of July, 1843
,
598, 600, 678
1st of October, 1843
,
„
601
1st of July, 1844 . .
..
667, 673, 680
nominal and actual, at the end of each year from 1837 to 1843. .626, 627
on the 31st December, 1836, exclusive of trust funds and outstanding warrants...... ...... . . . ..
.. , . , . . . . . "
627
Balances in the Treasury, views in 1837 in regard to the
• •• •
.91
views in 1838 on the policy of avoiding large.
184
unavailable
,
.178,'372, 599
Balances estimated to be in the Treasury on 31st December, 1838, and views in regard to". .93, 98
on the 1st January, 1839
177, 178
on the 31st December, 1839
.180, 232, 234
on the'31st December, 1840
234, 255, 352
on the"31st December,-1841
. .i
.:357, 358
on the 30th June, 1843
.
488
on the 30th June, 18.44
488
on the 1st July, 1845. ..
. . . . . .'.'. 669
on the 1st July, 1846
..........
^670
Balances of public money due by the late deposit banks, December 12, .1834
229
due the^United States—see Banks—see Bank United States—see
Bonds.
•
. . .449, 452
of public money subject to draft, 4th'March, 1841.
Balances, of appropriation outstanding on the 1st of January and 4th of March, 1841.
448
Bank capital, discount and issues, a cause of the financial embarrassment in 1836-57.
-30
Bank notes, not. receivable in payment of duties, &c.
,„.... u
.
.43, 47
circular from the Treasury Department in 1789, with regard to the receipt for
duties and transmission by mail of. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .....
.
53
Treasury circular in 1790, in regard to the bearing of the collection law upon
;the receivability of, for public.dues..'
..„..,.
.. . . .
54
the circulation of, in 1837.
.....
103
.the conveniences of, when equivalent to s p e c i e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
the effect of the. curtailment of the issues .of, in bringing about a resumption
of .specie payments.
..... „
. . . 190
act of. Congress of July 5, 1838, in relation to.
217
the exclusion of small, from circulation advocated in 1839..
• - . 252
Bank of the. United States, the amount of "the" bonds due by. the,
3, 234
concerning the restriction on the sale of the .bonds of the
182
the creation of a, recommended'in 1 8 4 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
447
bonds of the, outstanding and falling due to the Treasury in 1837,
1838,: 1839, 1840, and 1841. . . . . . . . . . . . . . v r „ " . " . . ' . . . .
455
receipt into the Treasury from the bonds due by the—
in 1837. , ...
;
„
90
1838
.
92, 176, 178, 256
1839.
v............
180
1840
.'..'
,.....:
351, 437
1841;.
..:
; ; . . . . . . . . . .438, 461, 462
the condition of the, in-1837.and 1 8 3 8 . . . . . . . . . . . .218, 219, 220, 221
warrants drawn on the
*.»........,...,...
61
in 1816 did not prevent revulsions-in trade, and finanpial embarrassments
368




INDEX.

687

Bank of the United States, views in 1841, in favor of-a, as a "fiscal agent-of the Government .-.
........
..........
. . . .445, 446
Banking, its conveniences, advantages to trade, &c..
.......
. . . . . . . . . . . 102
free, the preferable system of. .•„ . . . . . . .
369
Banking institutions, a reform in, suggested to the States in 1838
191
views in 1839 in regard to the condition of, generally, and the kind
of money receivable for public dues.
,. ..,
..
249
Banks, the deposit, views in 1837 in regard to the condition of, and to a settlement with
the former deposit. „ „
..
........ ... .17, 102
letter to the Executives of the States, with the postscript as to the ret/urn of the
transfers in case of <the nonpayment of the deposits by the.
..
51
Treasury circular to the deposit, discontinuing those which had .ceased to pay
specie for-their n o t e s . . ' . . . . . . . . . . . . „ , .
..
...
55
list of the deposit, discontinued under the act of June, 1836. . . . . . .
... .. ..
57
of deposit, list of, retained under the act of June, 1836,
...
58
(collectors of the customs and receivers of the public moneys made depositaries in
case of a suspension of specie, payments' by the. ,u,
...,..'...
. . . . . . . . 59
views in 1837 on the,circulation and ability of the, to resume specie payments... 103, 105
the deposits of Government funds unavailable for the service of 1838... „ . ..
.177, 178
the deposit, including the United States Bank and branches, the number and amount
of warrants drawn on the, in the year 1834.. .. .-..61
comparative condition of the, in certain particulars, in November, 1836, and in
March, May, July, and August,1837
...
. . , . , . 64
state of the accounts of the former and present, with the Treasurer of the United
State's.
.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65
statement of the condition of the former, on the 15th of August; 1837. . . . . . . . . . 70
Treasury circular of J^uly 3, 1837, to the former, urging the resumption of specie
86
p a y m e n t s . . . . . . . ....
,,-..
views in 1837 in regard to the availability of the balance of Government funds in
the coffers of the
........
91
recommendation, in 1837, that the notes of-local, specierpaying, only, be received for
lands
....
.. ..
.. .,. .. 25
views in, 1837 in regard to the, and the safekeeping of the public moneys
102
comparative statement of the condition of all the, in the United States, on and. near
the 1st of January, 1836, 1st January, 1837, and since the suspension of. specie
payments........
. . . ..
172
comparative condition of the, in fifteen States, before and since the suspension of
specie payments.
............. — . , , . . . . „ „
...........
173
the further credit.extended to the, and the ultimate and ready settlement by the, & c . . .97
views in 1838, in relation to the resumption of specie payments by the
188, 191
comparative statements of the condition of the, in the different divisions of the Union,
according to returns dated nearest January .1, 1837, and January 1, 1838. ..218, 222
views in 1839 in regard to the, in connection w;ith the safekeeping of the public
moneys.
,.. .. - , ;
245
the use of the public money by the, for discounts, unprofitable.
„...
192
concerning the system of special deposits with t h e . . . . . .
193
deposit, statement of the condition of the, on or near the 1st of November, 1838, &c. .225
losses by the .deposit, in 1834, small compared with those of 1837...
„
194
list of.general deposit, and. the amount in cash subject to draft, , in accordance to
returns received to ,1st December, 1 8 3 8 . . . . . . . . . . .
—
224
list of the late deposit, in which special deposits have been made,..&c., .and the
•amount ofspecial deposits subject to draft, 1st December, 1838
228
statement of balances due the United States, 10th November, 1834, from banks
formerly depositories of the. public money, with the credits to 'which they are
entitled for payments since that date, &c.
...
.....
. . .229
list of former deposit, which suspended specie payments, and gave bonds to. the
United States, under the act of 16th October-, 1837, and the amount of balances
due by them on said bonds on 3d December, 1838, &c... . ..
230
statement in 1839 of public moneys to the credit of Treasurer of the United States
in the two general d e p o s i t . . . . . . .
346
statement of the condition of the deposit, to the 20th November, 1-839..,
347
estimated payments into the Treasury in 1840, out of the moneys due by the former
deposit.. , . . . . . . .
.....
, , 351
available funds in the depositj in'1841. ,
....
357
"balances of the deposits with the, .prior to-the-suspension in .1837
, .451, 454
amount of .special deposits with the
., .
.....
.451, 454
debts due by the, in 1837 to ,1841, inclusive
....
455
lists of general-and special-deposit, in .1843
.•
„...
.^628
list of deposit, in 1844.
"
683
in the-District of Columbia, concerning the resumption of specie.payments by the.. 21
insolvent, Government funds in th.e,,unavailable. „ . . , . . . „ ;
91, 177, 178




688

njTDEX.

Beaver cloth, the prices of, in 1842. „ „ . „ . . « i . . .
, ..
. . . . . 508
Beef, cattle, • hides, &c., exported annually from the United States, from 1790 to 1838
inclusive, the value o f . . .
..
... . . . . .
287
statement of the |value of, exported' annually from the United'
States, from 1821 to 1842, inclusive; and of the countries to
which exported.
.
.645, 646, 647
Bibb, Secretary—see Finances.
Bonds due by the Bank of the United State's—see Bank of the United States.
Bonds for duties, concerning the payment c>f.......... , , . . „•.......
3
for duties, considerations in 1837 in regard to the postponement of the payment of..
4
circulars of the Secretary and Solicitor of the Treasury in regard to the postponement of the payment of..
. . . . I.
...........
. . . . . . . ... .33, 36
memorial of the New York merchants, in 1837, to the President, for the .stay of
the collection o f . . . . . .
. . . . . . J.
......
..
°
......
38
memorials of the Chambers of Commerce of Boston and New Orleans on the same
subject... .'
...I
. .
40,41
Treasury circulars to the Boston Chamber of Commerce and the Collector at .New
York, in regard to the kind of money receivable for, &c..... , u
,.43, 47
.memorial of the Chamber of Commerce of New York, August 28, 1837, asking
for a postponement of the payment of duty bonds
..
49
views in 1837 and 1838 in regard to1 the extension of the credit o n . , .
..
97, 190
Bounties and drawbacks, a modification of the, recommended in 1840.
..
..
....
360
on pickled fish exported, payments for, from 1821 to 1842.
, .,...
635
Bullion and specie—see Imports—see Exports.
Butter* cheese, &c., exported annually from the United States, from 1790 to 1838, inclusive, the value o f . . I
...
28 7
statement of the value of, exported annually from the United States,
from 1821 to 1842, and of the countries to which exported. .645, 646, 647
C.
Calico, imported and American, the prices of, in 1842
„„...,.-„.
508
Certificates, without interest, recommendation, in 1837, that, be issued and made receivable
v.....
for public dues., . . . . . . . .
...
..
25
Clerks, submissions for the appointment of new. „ . . . . '
. • 157
•
Clerks—see Customhouse.
Circulars—see Treasury Circulars.
Civil, diplomatic, and miscellaneous service—
estimates for 1838
- .123, 124, 138, 156, 159
estimates for 1839.
..
i ...
"
181,232
estimates for 1840
235,, 299, 331
estimates for 1841
;
.358, 390, 421, 440, 462
estimates for 1842
..
..
486
estimates for 1843
487, 601
estimates for 1844-'5.
..
..
.488,603
estimates for 1845-'6.
..
—
669
appropriations made in 1837.
..
..
124, 159
appropriations made in 1839.
.. ...
< .299, 331, 335
appropriations made in 1840
• .391, 421, 425
appropriations made in 1841
438
expenditures in 1837
'
109, 175
expenditures in 1838...!
» .. .177, 178,- 201, 256
expenditures in 1839
..
232,257, 371
expenditures in 1840 .
352, 373, 437
expenditures in 1841
.....
438, 462, 471
•expenditures in 1842
.486, 492, 620
expenditures in 1843-'4
600, 623, 678
expenditures in 1844-'5.
^ ..
668, 680
Coast Survey, the progress of the, &c
:
;.
.108, 199, 253, 675
Coffee and tea, duty on, recommended. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . -609, 616
the value <of, imported into the United States annually, from 1821 to
1842.
637
Coffee, the value of, imported into the United States from 1790 to 1838, inclusive. ..
276
Collection.of duties, statement of the expense of, annually, from -1821 to 1 8 4 2 . . . . . . . .
635
Collection law, extract from the report of the Secretary of the Treasury in 1790, touching
the bearing of the, upon the receivability of bank notes in payment of
duties..v.*.... .,.
..
•• • «•••
54
a revision of the, recommended
199
'Collector at New York, Treasury circulars-to, in 1837, in regard to the specie circular and
duty-bonds.,..'.
,
• • -33, 47
circular from the, in regard to the excessive supply of foreign
merchandise in 1842
507




INDEX.

5

Collector at Baltimore; in 1789, Treasury circular to the, in regard to the receipt and transmission by mail of bank notes
.,
53
•Collectors of the Customs, made depositaries of the public moneys received by them in
case of suspension of specie payments by the b a n k s . . .
59
to. receive Treasury drafts in payment of duties
6*8
continue to make deposits of public moneys in certain banks. 192
concerning the report of the ultimate losses qf public moneys by, 194
recommendation of collateral security from, as keepers of the
public moneys, and making any embezzlement of public
money by them a penal offence.
. . . . . . .195, 196
Treasury circulars to the, in .1838, in relation to the kind of
currency receivable in payment of public dues
215, 217
list of, and of receivers of the public moneys; having public
,moneys in their hands, on whom drafts have from time to
time been placed, and are intended to. be continued, for the
sums to the credit of the Treasury; showing, also, the balances in their hands subject to draft, conformable to returns
to December 3, 1838..
. . 227v
Treasury circular of July 14,1838, to the, 'exhorting them not
to use the public moneys for private gain, &c.
.
..
230
a reduction of, recommended in 1840.
..
..
364
Commissioner of Customs proposed in 1837 and 1838.
108, 109, 349
Compensation, the, to custom-house clerks. . .
..
617
•Commerce of the United States, views in 1839 in relation to the.
....
....
.. ..
233
the extent of the—see Imports—see Exports.
statistical view of the, from the year 1821 to 1842.
.. 634
Commerce, foreign, concerning the fluctuations in the.
, . ..
..
. ..
604
s
what constitutes .legitimate
367
•Constitutional currency—see Currency.
Cotton, over product of, and reduction of its price, cause of financial embarrassment in
1837
.28,95
the net profits of, in 1835 and 1836.
............
105
statement of the value of manufactured, imported annually into the United States
from 1790 to 1838, inclusive. ..
275
statement of the value of, exported annually from the United States from 1790 to
1838, inclusive
,,
285
statements of the value of, exported annually from the United States from 1821 to
1842, and of the countries to which exported. t .
645, 646, 647
Cottons, statements of the kinds and value of, imported into the United States annually
" from 1821 to 1842 .
636
the value of manufactures of, imported for the same periods., .
638
Credit, the Government, views in 1839 as to some stable means to preserve the
243
public, views on the necessity of permanent legislation to preserve the, against the
contingencies of a fluctuating trade.
.. .. . . . . 184
how preserved, &c., in 1840.
..
.354,355
the importance of its maintenance
..
490
views in 1844 on the importance of sustaining the public.
650
Credit, an excess of, always ends in revulsion..
367
Crockery ware, the value of, imported into the United States from 1790 to 1838 inclusive. 276
Currency, views in 1837 in regard to the constitutional, and the proper kind of, to be
received in payment of public dues, &c.
... — . . .
.21,98
Treasury circulars to -the Boston merchants and collector at New York in regard
to the kind of, to be received in payment of duties
.v.
.43, 47
circular in 1789 in regard to the kind of, receivable for duties...
......
53
kind of, in view of the collection law, in 1790 receivable in payment of public dues. 54
the, as afforded by the banks. ,.
..,„,
103
views in 1838 on the kind of, received for the public dues, &c..
.. ..
188
Treasury circulars of June 1 and July 6, 1838, to the collectors and receivers,
in relation to the kind of, to be received in payment of public dues.. . . . . .215, 217
views in 1839 on the condition of the banking institutions, and the kind of, ,
receivable for public dues
..
...
.......
249
advantages to'the, by the disuse of paper in paying public dues
—
363
Custom-house establishment, concerning t h e . . . . . . . , .. .. . . . . .
253^
bonds—-see Bonds.
clerks, practice of allowing compensation out of the revenue where the fees
are inadequate, &c., abolished.. ,
..
.. ..
617'
officers, concerning the restriction on the increase o f . . . . . . . . . . . . .
673
revision of the pay of, recommended in 1837...
.. - .
.109, 199
364
reduction of, recommended in 1840
responses of the various, of the United States, to Treasury circular
of November 24,1842, in regard to the warehouse system. .530 to 595'
VOL. I V . — 4 4 .




690

njTDEX.

Customs, Commissioner of, proposed in 1838 and 1837..".
....
. . . . . . . . . . .108,199, 34$
Customs, receipts from, estimated for, and ascertained—
In 1836.,
..
183 7
2, 90, 175
183 8
'
92, 176, 178, 256
1839.
...
.180,231,371
184 0
234, 351, 437
184 1
357, 438, 439, 440, 456, 461, 462
184 2
442, 456, 463, 485, 620, 6,03
1843-' 4
456, 487, 488, 600, 623, 667, 678, 680
1844-' 5
602, 667, 678
1845-'6..
669
Customs, receipts from, from 1st January, 1816, to 31st December, 1836, inclusive. .,
459
from 1st January, 1837, to 31st December, 1840.
..
460
from 1st January, 1837, to 30th September, 1843
627
a change of duties recommended in 1841, and an increased revenue therefrom... 442
estimate of the amount which will be. received from, in the last Quarter of 1841,
and each of the two succeeding years, under a modification of the tariff,. — .. 466
views in regard to the receipts from, in 1842.
..
..
..
.463, 603
estimated receipts from—see Estimates.
D.
Defalcations,, report in 1838 of the probable losses of the'public funds by receivers and collectors.
..
., . . . . . .
194
concerning the list of officers reported as standing on the books of the Treasury, 12th October, 1837, as defaulters.
.. ,
..
.. 195
collateral security from collectors and receivers -and other depositaries, and
attachment of penalty to prevent.. . . . . . .
..
195, 196
concerning checks and securities and penal enactments against.
, , .252, 363
the losses by individual
. ..
. . ..
.r..366, 444
the, by banks, as keepers of thp public moneys
.—
......
445
congratulations in 1843 that there are no, by officers of the Government.. .
618
Deficiency in the Treasury, apprehended.
..
..
... .
3
apprehended at the close of the year 1840, the amount o f . . .. 234
views in 1839 on some permanent safeguards to prevent, & c . . 243
concerning a provident fund to meet a
. 252
a modification of the tariff recommended in 1840 to prevent a. 362.
to be provided for in 1842, and views in regard t h e r e t o . . . . . . . . 439,
440, 462, 463 , 464, 469
amount of, 31st December, 1842, and views in regard thereto, 487,488
amount of, on the 1st January, 1842
...
.. . . .
598
probable, at the end of the fiscal year 1843-'4.
.'. 602
probable, at the end of the fiscal year 1844-'5.
..,
603
the, how supplied.
./
,
. 605
views in 1843 as to provisions for meeting, in the revenue-.
608
Deposit act of 23d June, 1836, an act to modify the.
217
Deposits, of the public moneys with the banks, views in 1837 and 1838 in regard t o . , . 10, 17, 192
letter to the Executives of the States, with the' postscript as to the return of the
transfers in case of non-payment of t h e . . . . . , . . '
.....
..
.
51
Treasury circular discontinuing the, to such banks as had suspended specie payments
..
55
unavoidable
91,177, .178, 357, 372, 627
with the banks, considerations in relation to a system of special. .
193
with the States, in 1837
,
..."
..
„ . 1.1, 3, 30
considerations touching obstacles in the way of transferring the last instalment
of, to the. States. ..
..
5
views in 1837in regard to the extent and availability of the, &c
...
90, 97
unavailable for the service of 1838
.. . .
.177, 178
the Secretary does not anticipate that there will be any surplus inNthe Treasury
1st January, 1839, to deposit under the act of June, 1836.. ... —
181
the obligation to deposit with the States any surplus, not a debt due the States, 181
further views in 1839, on the impracticability of making available the, and the
legislation of Congress on the subject
:
184
concerning the.
..
....
253
the aggregate amount of
..
. .. u . 627
. (For further information and views in regard to, see Banks—see Public Moneys.)
.'Deposits, public,.interest on, from 1837 to 1841
..
455,
Deposits in the Mint—see Mint.
Depositories, views in 1837 on the propriety of appointing general. .. . .. . . . . . . . 107
general, under the act of 4th July, 1840
^ ..
.449, 452
selection of certain, in 1844.
674




INDEX.

691

Diplomatic service—see Foreign Intercourse.
Disbursing officers, views in 1840 in regard to, &c
363
Discounts, the use.of the public moneys for, unprofitable and injurious to the banks and
borrowers.. ..
,, ......
...,„, 192
District of Columbia, amount of debts of the cities of the, assumed by the Federal Government. 179
payments on the, and remarks in regard to the debt of
273,
352, 353, 357, 358, 371, 385, 483, 504, 630, 651
•
32
Documents, list of, appended to the Secretary's report in 1837
Domestic produce and manufacture, value of annual exports of, from 1821 to 1843 inclusive. 632
views in 1840 on the exports of, for a series of years. 355
statement of the value of the annual exports of, from
1821.to 1842.. .
....
634
> statements of the value of certain articles of, exported
annually from 1821 to 1842, and exhibiting the countries to which they were exported..
., .645, 646, 637
value of exports of, in 1844
683
exports of, from 1834 to 1840, the value of, 15 per cent.
added
...
457
statement of +he value of, reexported annually from
1821 to 1842
.631, 632, 645, 646, 647
exports of, from 1790 to 1838.
.285, 287
See Exports.
Donations for local objects should be forborne, recommendation in 1838 that.. .,.
187
Drafts in hands of disbursing officers saleable for specie alone.
363
Drawback paid on foreign merchandise, domestic refined sugar, and domestic distilled
spirits, annually, from 1821 to 1842. ,.
635
Drawback, the inequalities of the, on sugar and molasses, and necessity of legal provisions
to correct..
., ...
. 442
a retention of a larger percentage of, recommended .
. ..
611
Drawbacks, views in 1840, concerning..
.354, 360
Dues, the money receivable for—see/Public Dues.
Duties, the amount of, collected annually—see Revenue—see Receipts—see Imports—see
Public Dues.
the bonds for—see Bonds.
views in 1837, concerning the extension of credit on
..
97
the receipts from, in 1838, and the estimated, for 1839.
183
how estimated
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
under protest, concerning the mode of keeping and repaying..
200
a modified duty of 20 per cent; ad valorem, recommended in 1841.
442
increase of, recommended in 1841
...,
..
, 469
the decline in the importations in 1842, not attributable to the system of duties.
490
the largest importation under the highest rate of
.. 604
any change in the .rate of, not likely to improve the revenue. ...... , . , . . . , . . 6 0 9
609, 616
•on tea and coffee urged
on tonnage and light money recommended to be applied to hospital purposes.. .610, 616
transit, on imported merchandise, &c., suggested.
,
.611,616
the amount of, on merchandise from 1837 to 1843.
626
the amount of, collected on foreign .merchandise from 1821 to 1842.
631
amount of, which accrued annually upon imported merchandise, from 1821 to 1842. 633
statement of the amount of, on merchandise, tonnage,'' light money, passports, &c.,
annually from 1821 to 1842 inclusive . .
635
expense, of collection annually from 1821 to 1842 inclusive
635
statement of, ad valorem and specific, upon manufactures of iron and steel imported
into the United States annually from 1821 to 1842 inclusive
641
their effect upon importations and the prices' of merchandise, &c
662
the average yield of, &c., under the act of 1842.
671
of articles imported during the nine months ending 30th June, 1843, the duty on
which exceeded 35 per cent, on the average wholesale market value of such
articles.... ..
681
gross, which accrued in the fiscal year 1844.
683
Duty, the value of merchandise imported from 1834 to 1839, both inclusive, free of, paying
aa volorem, and paying specific
274
E.
Embarrassments—see Financial.
Estimates of receipts into the Treasury from all sources and of all expenditure for all
objects—
for 1837
2,3,90
for 1838 .
92, 93, 123, 124, 176, 177, 178
for 1839
180, 181, 231, 232
for 1840
234, 235,298,299,351, 352




692

njTDEX.

Estimates of receipts into the Treasury from all sources and of all -expe'ndittlre for alf
o bj ects<— Continued.
for 1841. ..
.....
357, 358, .390, 391, 439, 440, 456 * 462
for 1842.
.. .. ..
,,.,......;.,.:...
442,463,485,486,598
for 1843
..
„.......
487, 599
for 1843-'4. / .
..' .. '
..487, 488, 600, 601
for 1844-'5. . . , , ,
,..
..602,667,668for 1845-'6. . , .
.,.,..
66$
explanatory remarks in 1837 on the, for 1838,
99, 101, 123, 124
f . . . . . . ,.„
explanations in 1838 of the, for 1839, and suggestions on the mode of meeting fluctuations
......
-182
in them, .
of 1839, .on an economical basis.
*«.. / . . . . . . 185views in 1839 in regard to the estimates of receipts for 1840
.....
.235, 236explanations in 1839 of the estimates as to th.e expenditures and of some further reductions in them..
237
viejvs in 1840, in regard to the, for 1841. ,.
.....
356, 357
explanations in 1841, of the, for 1842. .,„ ..
463,487,358,359.390, 442
.views in 1842 of the estimate of 1843...,..........
.. .
488
views in 1843 of the estimates .of 1844-'5.
..
......
.„..,..,..
603
views in 1844 of the estimates of 1845-'6
. . . . . . ... . . „ . . . „
670
of appropriations, in aggregate and detail, for 1838.
123,. 124
of appropriations for 1840. . . .
..
...
.235, 298,- 299
of appropriations for 1 8 4 1 . . . . .
.:
......
.358, 390, 391
statements .under the act of May 1, 1820, accompanying the a n n u a l . . . . . . . . .159, 335, 425
of the duties on the average value of imports, from the 30th of September, 1834 to 1840
inclusive
. . . ... . ...
....................................
. . . . . 4§8
Ewing, Thomas, Secretary of the Treasury-^see Finances.
Exchanges, domestic and.foreign, views in 1838.on the good.condition of the... .„,
. .190, 191
Expenditures of the Government for all objects, estimated for and ascertained, in aggregate
and in detail, in—
,89
1836.. ..
lOOU
..
..
u
..Go'
183 7
90, 109, 175
183 8
..
...
93,177,178,201,256
183 9
180,181,232,257,371
18.40
:
235, 352,373, 437
1841. . . . .
...
.358,.438, 439,440, 448, 462, 471, 599
184 2
....
, , .,
463, .486, 492, 599, 620
1843
..
.487, 599, 623
1843-'4.
„
..
.. ..
.48, 600., 601, 667, 678
1844-'5 i
...
.'..
.... '
.603,668,680
1845--6 .
. ...
669
Expenditures, views in 1837 in regard to the estimates of, for 183.8.
. . . . . . 9 4 , 101
and revenue for 1837, further explanation as to the effect upon them by laws
passed at the special session in 1837.
. . . . . . . . . . 96
prediction in 1837 that on certain contingencies the, can be re.d.uce.d to
$17,000,00.0., .and views why former predictions of reduction were not realized
....
"
./
101
views in 1838 in regard to the fluctuations-in the.
.182, 184, 185
yiews in 1838 on a reduction of the annual to meet the diminished revenue
apprehended in consequence of the gradual reductions in the tariff,.... .185, 187
views, in 1839 why the expenditures in 1,840; will be les.s.than those of the
previous year, and why they should not be more than $18,000,000
237,
238,252
general yiews in 1839 in regard to the causes of increase in the. ..... . . . . 239
considerations in 1839 as to some permanent safeguard under fluctuations in
receipts and.
,..
.,-......
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .242, 252
proposition for a reduction of.
„. 252
general views in 1840 in regard to, and for a reduction of t h e . . . . . . . . . . . , 366
exceeded .the r.ev.enu.e, and how, and the necessity of early regulation to prevent a further augmentation..,, ,.. , , . . . . . . . . . . „ „ . . . . . . , „ „.. . . „. . . .441, 442
excess of, oyer revenues,in 1842. ....
599
views in 1843 in regard to a diminution .of the. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 605
views in 1844 against extravagance in
.. .. 662
average rate of, for certain years, exclusive of the public debt.
605
exclusive of trust funds, loans, and Treasury notes, from 1816 to 1836, and
from 1st January, 1837, .to 30th D.ecember, 1840
.459,460
average annual expenditures from 1816 to' 1836, and from 1836 to 1840. .459, 460
excess of average annual expenditure for current expenses orver receipts
460
.statement of the'annual expenditures pn all accounts, from January 1, 1837,
s to. September. 30, 1843*.
627




INDEX.

693

.Expenditures, an account of the principal and interest of the public debt existing before
1837, between January 1, 1837, and September 30", 1843, and for interest
....
626, 627
on loans and Treasury notes from 1831 to 1843.
see Miscellaneous Expenditures—see Treasury Notes—see Estimates—see Public
Debt—see Naval Service—see Foreign Intercourse.
for the Jlrmy, see Military Service.
Expenses' of Governm-ent, views in 1843 in regard to a reduction in the.. . " . . . . . . „ , . . , 607
of collecting the revenue—see Collection.
see' Expenditures.
Explosions—see Steam-boilers.
Exports, in 1837, ascertained and estimated, and views in regard to'.
94
statement'of the value of, during the years ending 30th September, 1836—'37.,.... 171
value of, during the commercial year ending September 30,1838.
181, 214
value' of, during the commercial year ending 30th September, 1839, and views in
relation to the amount, &,c.} of.
,
233
•statement of the value- of imports and, during the years 1834, 1835, 1836, 1837,
1838, and 1839.
'
...
274
•statement of the value of annual, domestic arid foreign, from the United States,
from 1790 to 1838 inclusive. A
•
'
285
statement exhibiting the States from which the annual, from 1790 to 1838 were
made', send the value' of, from each State, &c..
287
countries to which the annual,'from the United States were made from 1790 to
1838 inclusive, and the annual value of, to each c o u n t r y . . . « ,
291
views in 1839 in regard to past imports and, of the United States
. . . . . . 294
iiri 1840, the amount and peculiarities of, showing an excess over the imports. . 354
views in 1840 on the, of domestic products for a series of years
.355
statement exhibiting the value of imports and, annually, from 1791 to 1840 inclusive,
and the excess in either case for the same period
. 387
value of, and imports during each presidency, from Mr. Monroe's second term to
Mr. Van Buren's, inclusive.
..
..
..
388
of bullion and specie during the year ending 30th September', 1838
224
of bvllion and specie annually from 1790 to" 1838. . , . . :
286
average value of, for six years, &c., &c
.,, , . .
. . . . . 456
o f domestic' and foreign produce from-1834 to 1840, the value of 15 per cent, added. 457
value of,- during the" year ending 30th September, 184&
505
value of foreign merchandise exported annually from 1821 to 1841.
506
statement of the value of, of domestic produce and manufacture, and" of foreign
merchandise reexported- annually, from 1821 to 1842.......
631, 632
•statistical view of the commerce-of the United States, exhibiting the value of imports and, annually,, from 1821 to 1842
'
634
•statements-of the-value-of certain articles of domestic produce and manufacture,
and of bullion and f^pecie exported annually, from 1821 to 1842 inclusive, and
the countries to* which exported..
645, 646, 647
statement exhibiting the value of, during the year ending 30th June, 1844...,
683
F.
Fees, the surplus, of clerks of district and circuit courts, concerning.,
..
607
Finances, in 1837; reports' of Mr. Woodbury on the state of the Government
.1, 89
1838; report of Mr.' Woodbury on the state of the
175
1839, report of Mr. Woodbury on the state of the.. .
.. ...
231
1840, report of Mr. Woodbury on the state of the
' . . , . , 351
1841, report of Mr. Ewing on the state- of the.
.. . . .. ..
437
1841, report of Mr. Forward on the state of the.
.., ..
;. .. .. .. 461
1842, report of Mr. Forward on the state of the". .
*
485
1843-^4, report of'Mr. Spencer on the state of the. .
597
1844-'5, report of Mr. Bibb on the state of the.
..
649
of the Government, 'recommendation in 1837 of certain legal provisions for the
1 pro'p'er'administration of the...
..
"
.
. . . .. . . , . . 107
touching the recommendation of permanent measures to meet any fluctuation in
the;,;
'
183
Financial embarrassment, views in 1837 and 1&38 in regard to some general causes of,
and remedies for. , , . . . . . . . . .
,..-...
. . . .28,184
the excess of importation of foreign merchandise' over the exports one great cause o f . . . . . .
, . ..
233
legislation recommended in 1840 to prevent
355
Financial operations of the Government, general views in 1840 in regard to the. ..
365
Fiscal year, alteration in the, proposed.
.,
. . . .
.199, 349
the change in the
....
. . . . 597
Fish; exported annually from-the United States from 1790 to 1825, inclusive,.the value of. 286
exported annually from the United- States, from 1821- to 1842, inclusive, the value of.. 645
Fishing vessels, allowances to, annually, from 1821 to 1842. . . . . . . . .
635




694

njTDEX.

Flannel, American, the price of, in 1 8 4 2 . . . . . .
...... — , , .
^ SOS1
Flax and hemp, statement of the value of manufactures of, imported into the United States
annually, from^l821 to 1842, inclusive
640
Flax—see Linens.
Flour, exported annually from the. United States from 1790 to 1838,. inclusive, the value of. 286
statement of the value of, exported annually from the United States, from 1821 to
1842, and of the countries to which exported.
..
,
,....645, 646, 647.
Fluctuation in receipts and expenditures—see Finances.
Foreign intercourse, estimates for 1838 for.
..
.123, 144, 156, 159, 177
181, 232
estimates for 1839 for.
estimates for 1840 for
298, 235, 322, 332
estimates for 1841 for
358, 390, 413, 422, 440, 462
estimates for 1842 for.
„
..
486
estimates for 1843 for
i.487, 601
estimates for 1844-'5 for
488, 603.
estimates forJ^S-'G for
669'
appropriations made in 1837 for.,
..
• -144, 159'
appropriations made in 1839 for. ...' ... :
299, 322, 335;
appropriations made in 1840 for. „. ..... ... .. . . . . . . . . . . . . ,
.413, 42£
appropriations made in 1841 f o r . . . . . . . .
438;
expenditures in 1837-on account'of.
..
. . . . . . . . 109, 175expenditures in 1838 on account of
178, 201, 256-'
,
.232, 257, 371
expenditures in 1839 on account of. . ..
expenditures in 184.0 on. account of.
..............
352, 373, 437
expenditures in 1841 on account of.
..
.
462, 471
expenditures in 1842 on account of. .........
... u . . . . . . . . . .486, 492, 620
expenditures in 1843-'4 on account of.
. ...600, 623, 678
expenditures in 184.4-'5 on account o f . . . . . ;
....
.668, 680
Fortifications,, a reduction of appropriations for, recommended in 1838.,
—
.. • 187
estimates for 1838 for
148
estimates for 1839 for
A
181, 232
sestimates for 1840 for
..
..
235, 298, 326
estimates for 1841 for.
.358, 390., 416, 440, 462
estimates for 1842 for
486
estimates for 1843 f o r . . . . . . . .
..
..
'
487,601
estimates for 1844-'5 for.
..
.488, 60$
estimates for 1845-'6 for
...
'..
.........
. . . . . . . . 670'
appropriations made in 1837 for..
~
....148, 164
appropriations made in 1839 for
,..;...
..
326, 339'
appropriations made in 1840 for.
. . . . . „ . - . . .......
.. .417, 429"
appropriations made in 1841 for
; .. ..
. . . .
.. . .438, 439s
expenditures in 1837 forV
.. ,.
..
.....
175
expenditures in 1838 for
.177, 202, 25G
expenditures in 1839' for.
..'.232, 258, 371
expenditures in 1840 for.
.352, 374, 437
expenditures in 1841 f o r . . .
-.. .438, 462, 472
expenditures.in 1842for.. . .
..
..486, 492, 621
expenditures in 1843-'4 for
'
„ r.
624, 679
expenditures in 1844-'5 for.
..
..
.. .....
..
.668,^680
Forward, Walter, Secretary of the Treasury—see Finances.
France, the sixth instalment due from, to the United States, paid...
... ..
199'
the interest on the first four instalments of the indemnity d u e b y . . . ......
..
253*
Funds—see Trust Funds.
public, unavailable..
»
.91, 177, 178, 372, 62T
G.
General Land Office, concerning t h e . . . . . ..
253
the operations of the, in 1840, concerning
. ..
364
the operations- of the—see Public Lands.
Georgetown, the debt of, assumed b y the Federal Government...
-179, 273, 385payments on said debt—see District of Columbia.
Grain and flour, views in 1837 touching the price of, their value, and the- quantity
imported and exported, and their bearing upon the national finances and the stability of
trade
.,
...
95
Great Britain, the warehouse system of—see Warehouse system.
H.
Harbors and rivers, the improvement of—
estimates for 1838
estimates for 1839.
estimates for 1840.




A

148
181,232, 371
235,, 298

INDEX.

695

Harbors and rivers, the improvement of—Continued:
appropriations for 1837
..
.—
.148, 164
appropriations for 1839
..
..
..
..
339
appropriations for 1840
..
,..
. . .. 432
appropriations for 1841. . , . „ „
.,
439
expenditures in 1837.. .. .,
.
175
•expenditures in 1838
.187, 202, 256
expenditures in 1839
232, 258
expenditures in 1840.
;
..
.352, 374
expenditures in 1842 . . .
..
621
expenditui-es in 1843-'4
, ..
.624, 679
Hemp, the value of, imported into the United States from 1790 to 1800, inclusive.
277
clean Russia, the price of, in 1842.,,
507
imported into the United States annually, from 1821 to 1842, the value of manufactures of
o.....'.
,
..
..
636
and cordage imported into the United' States annually from 1821 to 1842, statements
of the value of.
637,642
and flax, statement of the value of manufactures of, imported into the United States
annually from 1821 to 1842
640
Holland, remarks in 1837 in regard to the outstanding appropriation under the act of May
20, 1836, to pay the debt due by the District of Columbia.
91
the debt due—see District of Columbia.
Home market, the creation of a, recommended in 1841.
..
,. . . . . . .
468
Home valuation under the tariff of 1833
..
465
I.
Importations of foreign goods, the excessive, a cause of financial embarrassments in J 837.
29
how affected by the expansions and contractions of the currency
...
., . ..
236
Imports^ the value of, in 1837, and views in regard to the diminution of.
94
views, in 1837, in "regard to the fluctuations in, caused by restrictive legislation, &c. 100
statement of the value of, during the years ending 30th September, 1836 and
1837:
171
the value of, during the commercial year ending 30th September, 1838. . . . ..182, 214
the value of the, during the commercial year ending 30th September, 1839, and
views in relation to the amount, &c.,, of
— .......
, , .. „ „ . .
233
the effects of the excess of, over the exports, treated of.
.,
233
.statement exhibiting the value of, and exports during the years 1834, 1835, 1836,
1837, 1838, and 1839.
274
statement of the quantity-, kind, and value of imports into the United States, from
the 1st October, 1789., to the, 30th September, 1838, and the value of those
retained in the country.;.. ..«,
....
.
„275
•statement showing from what countries the imports into the United States, from
1790 to 1838, inclusive, were derived, and into what States they were entered,
and the value in each case.
..
. . . . <.
278, 281
views in 1839 in regard to the past, and exports.
........
..
.,
294
in 1840, the amount and peculiarities of, &c.,
...
.354, 367
statement of the annual value of, and exports, from 1791 to 1840, inclusive, and
...
387
the excess of imports and of exports annually, for the same period.
value of exports and, during each presidency, from Mr. Monroe's second term
to Mr. Van Buren's, inclusive.
..
..
..
..
..
..,;
..
388
average value of, for six years..
...
„
.,
, .. 456
from 1834 to 1840, and value thereof.
....
457
estimate of duties on the average value of, from 1834 to 1840, inclusive.
458
of bullion and specie from 182i to 1842
..
, .636, 645
•of bullion and specie during the year ending 30th September, 1838.
224
of bullion'and specie from 1790 to 1838. ..
277
of bullion and specie from 1834 to 1840
., 458
the decline in the, in 1842, not attributable to our system of duties
490
the value of, during the years ending 30th September, 1840, 1841, and 1842.
505
statements of the value of foreign merchandise imported , &c., annually, from 1821
to 1843, and the amount of duties accruing thereon
....
..
.631,633
statistical view of the commerce of the United States,- exhibiting the value of exports
and., annually, from 1821.to 1842. . . . ' . .
, ..
.,
......
634'
statements of the value of the principal articles of merchandise imported into the
United States annually, from 1821 to 1842.
636, 637
statements exhibiting the value of manufactures of cotton and wool, flax and
hemp, iron and steel, hemp and cordage^imported from 1821 to 1842, inclusive, 638,
639, 640, 641, 642
statement of the'value of articles imported into the United States, designating the
countries from which received, annually, from 1821 to 1842, inclusive
643, 644




696

njTDEX.

Imports, statement of articles imported during nine months ending June, 1843, the duty on
which exceeded thirty-fiye per cent, on the average wholesale market value of
... . .
.,.
681
such articles.
...
statement of the value of, and exports during the year ending 30th June, 1844... 683
Indemnities—see France—see Naples.
Independent Treasury, views in 1837 and 1838 in favor of an. , . . . .
10, 106, 198
views in 1838 in regard to the operations of the. .,
,-...
192
views in 1840 in regard to the operations of the
362
views in 1841 against the, and against individual custodians of the
public moneys, and in favor of the repeal of the
..
444
Indian affairs,, remarks in 1840 in regard to.
....
366
Inscriptions, Spanish, concerning the payment of. , . .
......
108
Insolvent banks, Government funds unavailable in the—see Banks.
Insolvent debtors, extension of the acts of Congress for the relief of, proposed
. . . 350
: Internal improvements by the Federal Government, reductions in appropriations for,
recommended
..
..
..
.......
187
Intercourse—see Foreign Intercourse.
Iron and steel, the value of, imported, into the United States from 1790 to 1838 inclusive... 276
imported into the United States annually from 1821 to 1842, the value of
manufactures of.
..
,
......
..
. . . . o 636
manufactured and unmanufactured, statement of the value of, imported into
the "United States annually from 1821 to 1842. „•„.,...;.,.•
641
Russia, bar, the price of, in 1842.
'
..,,....,.
507
Judicial condemnation of goods, the expanse of
..
..
... 607
L.
Land laws, as to any modification of the.
.. „
608"
Lands, public, receipts from the sale of, &c.—see Public Lands—-see General Land Office.
Lead,.imported into the United States annually from. 1821 to 1842, the value of
637
the value of, imported into the United States from 1790 to 1838 inclusive.
277
Linens, the value of, imported into the United States from 1790 to 1838 inclusive..
277
and the manufactures of flax, imported into the United States annually from 1821
to 1842, the'value of. . ...
636
Light money—see Tonnage and.
Light-house establishment, recommendation in 1838 of a reduction of appropriations for. ..186, 187
concerning the.
..
. .. •'.
...
253
Light-houses, on a part of the1 Atlantic coast, concerning proper sites for
......
108
concerning.
...
..•„„..
199
Loans, to supply the Treasury—see Treasury Notes.
per acts of 21st July, 1841," of 15th April, 1842, and of 3d of March, 1843, receipts
from, estimated and actual, in 1841. ..
461, 470
in 1842
.485, 486, 491, 599, 620
in 1843
. .487, 600, 623
in 1843-'4...
.... .
667, 678
statement of receipts from, from January 1, 1837, to September 30, 1843. .
626
expenditures on account of the, of 1841, 1842, and 1843—
in 1841
462, 482, 627
in 1842
. .486, 502, 599, 622, 627
in 1843...
487, 600, 625, 627
in 1843—'4
. . „ . . \ . .488, 602, 627, 680
in 1844-'5
.. .603, 627, 668, 680
in 1845-'6
..
670
statement in 1842 of the amo.unt due on the-, of 1841-'2, the, former redeemable 1st
January, 1844, and the latter the 1st of January, 1863. . . .
504
statement of the payments from January 3, 1837, to September 30-, 1843^ and of
interest on account of the. ,.
., — . . .626, 627
statement of persons, to whom was awarded the loan of 1843, the terms of acceptance, &c., and of the offers not.accepted, &c.
.. ..
629
statement, December 1, 1843, of amount of outstanding., ..
..
630
statements in 1844 of the indebtedness of the United States on account of. .652, 676, 677
recommended in 1841. . . . .
.....
,,
., . > ..•
*..
,. , .443, 444
views as to the anticipated receipts from, in- 1842'
463
to make the late loan available, an extension of time-recommended. . .-. . . .
464
concerning the.
..
,,..,.,
..
489
a new loan recommended in 1843 to meet a deficit. „ „
606
considerations in. 1843 in regard, to the loan authorized by the act of March, 1843.. 613
views in 1844.in regard to the interest on the-, and the payment of the.
.660, 661
Losses, of the public money, views in 1839 in regard'to.
. . . . . ...246, 247
Lumber^ exported annually from,the United States from 1790 to 1838 inclusive, the value
of286
exported annually, from the United States from 1821 to 1842 inclusive; the value of. 645




INDEX.

697

M.
Manufacture, domestic, statement of the value of the annual exports of, from 1821 to 18'42. 632
Manufactures, the value of certain, imported into the United States annually from 1821 to
1842. . . . . . . . .
..... . . , , . . . .
...
,, ,.
636
statements exhibiting the value of, of cotton and wool, flax and hemp, iron
and steel, hemp and-cordage,^ imported from 1821 to 1842 inclusive....... 638,
239, 640, 641, 642
statement of the value of* imported into the United States as-above, annually,
from 1821 to 1842, and the countries fronrwhence received., . . .
.643, 644
statements exhibiting the value of certain articles of domestic produce and,
exported annually from the United States from 1821 to 1842, and the
countries to which exported.,..
o.-... ;o . . .
645, 646, 647
the value of, exported-annually from the United States from 1821 to 1842. 645
statement of the value ofj exported annually from the United States from
1789 to 1838 i n c l u s i v e , , , . - , . , . - . - . . •
285
Marine hospitals, concerning places most suitable for...- „ • . . . . . . . . .
. ,..
108
Marine Corps, appropriations and expenditures for the-^see Naval Service—see Estimates
—see Expenditures.
Merchandise, for the annual imports and exports of-^see Imports-^Exports.
statement of the kind and value of imports of, from'the 1st October, 1789, to
the 30th of September,- 1828, and the countries5 from whence derived., .275, 279
statement of the exports of, for the same period.
..-.-.-.„ ..- „ .. 287
foreign, the value-ofj exported annually from 1821 to 1841.
.,
* 506
a redundant supply of foreign, in the United State's before the enactment of
the tariff of'1842, and the prices of certain....
.•
......
507
foreign,-imported and reexported, the amountof duties on, from 1837 to 1843. 626
foreign, statements of the' value- of, imported, reexported, and consumed or
on hand, annually, from 1821 to 1842
631, 632
statement of the value of, imported from 1821 to 1842, and-the gross duties
1
from 1821'to 1842
633
foreign, statement of the value of the annual exports of, from 1821 to-1842. 634
foreign, drawbacks paid on, annually, from 1821 to 1842. ,. .,
...
. . . 635
statements exhibiting the value of the principal articles of, imported annually
into the United States from 1821 to 1842 inclusive, and showing the countries from whence received .
.636, 638, 639,^640, 641, 642, 643, 644
statements exhibiting the value of certain articles of domestic produce and
manufacture, and bullion and specie, exported annually from the United
States from. 1821 to 1842 inclusive, and the countries to which exported..*. 645,
646, 647
statement of articles imported in nine months of 1843, at a rate of duty averaging 35 per cent
,, .. .......
i.*.. I. ..
;
681
the value and kind of, imported and exported. . . .
........ *
Military service, including, fortifications, armories, arsenals,, ordnance, Indian affairs, revolutionary and military pensions, and internal improvements—
estimates for 1838
*.
.123, 146, 156, ,164 178
estimates for 1839
' ... ......
181,232
estimates for 1840.
,
.235,-298, 323, 333
estimates for. 1841.
358, 390, 397, 414, 423, 440, 462
estimates for 1842
•
486
estimates for 1843
=
.;
..
.487, 601
estimates for 1844-'5
.. ,
..
.488,603
estimates for 1845-'6
670
appropriations made in 1837. ..
^
146, 164
appropriations made in 1839
..
...
.323,339
appropriations made in 1840
........ .,
.. .414, 429
appropriations made in 1841. .
...
..
.438, 439
expenditures in 1837
.111,175
expenditures in 1838.
177, 178, 202'
expenditures in 1839
.!
..
..
.. . . . .232, 258, 371
expenditures in 1840.
.352,374,437
expenditures in 1841. .....
.-".4:39, 462, 472'
expenditures in 1842...
...
486, 493, 621
expenditures in 1843-'4. ,
„ .600, 601, 624, 679
expenditures in 1 8 4 4 - ' 5 . . . . . . . . . .
-...
....
.668, 680
Militia service, &c.—see Expenditures—see Estimates.
Mint, the amount of deposits in the, and considerations in regard to.
.-.
,
2, 177
concerning the. . . . . . . ..-.. . . .
.-.I.
199, 253
deposits in the. under the act of June 23', 1836, and January 18^, 1837 ..
.91, 451, 454
views' in 1837 on the--propriety of imposing the duty of a general depository on the., 107'
recommendation" of legal penalties' in case of embezzlement of any of the public
funds in the.
. . . . . . . 1 9 5 , 196




69S

INDEX.

Mint, amount of special deposits in the, and subject to draft 1st December, 1838....... • 228
Mint certificates, recommendation in 1837 that the, be receivable in payment of public dues.
26
Miscellaneous serviceestimates for 1838
123, 144, 156, 159, 178
estimates for 1839
181, 232
estimates for 1840.
•
•
235, 298, 318, 331
estimates for 1841. , .
.. ..
.358, 390, 410, 422, 440, 462
estimates for 1842
:
..
486
estimates for 1843-'4
487, 601
estimates for 1844-'5
.488, 602, 603
estimates for 1845-'6.
669
expenditures in 1837
109, 175
expenditures in 1838
, ,'
177, 178, 201, 256
expenditures in 1839.
232, 257, 371
expenditures in 1840.*.
352, 373, 437
expenditures in 1841
.438, 462, 471
expenditures in 1842
..
.486, 492, 620
expenditures in 1843-'4
.600, 624, 678
expenditures in 1844-'5
668, 680
appropriations made in 1837.
....
•
144,159
appropriations made in 1839. , ..
/.,„,,..
...
.299, 318, 335
appropriations made in 1840
..
..
. . . .410, 425
appropriations made in 1841.
. ..
.. . . . . .
438
Miscellaneous sources, receipts from—see Receipts.
Molasses, the value of, imported'into the United States annually from 1790 to 1838 inclusive. 276
the value of, imported into the United States annually from 1821 to 1842.. . . . . . 637
Moneys of the Government, the safe-keeping of—see Public Money.
N.
Naples, the fifth instalment of indemnity due by, paid.
the sixth instalment due by, paid. . .... . . . .
another indemnity paid.. ,
Naval service, including the Marine Corps—
estimates for 1838. \ .
estimates for 1839
.
estimates for 1840
estimates for 1841.
estimates for 1842. ... , , „ . .
,..
..
estimates for 1843
;
estimates for 1844-'5
estimates for 1845-'6
expenditures in 1837
expenditures in 1838

...........

..
•

123, 153, 157, 168, 178
181,232
235, 298, 329, 333
358, 390, 418, 423, 440, 462
..'.-.486
..
.487,602
488, 603
670
120, 176
.177, 178, 202, 256

V

expenditures in 1839
expenditures in 1840
expenditures in 1841. ..
'
expenditures in 1842.
expenditures in 1843-'4. ; , . . ,
expenditures in 1844-'5
appropriations for 1837. .
appropriations for 1839
appropriations for 1840
..
appropriations made in 1841.
Navigating interests in 1840 prosperous.

..

199
253
364

...

""
:
..,.,...,...
i
..
......

1...
..
...

...;..
„...,

..

..

.232, 270, 371
.352, 383, 437
438, 462, 480
486, 501, 621
600, 625, 680
668
152, 169
328, 344
..
.418,435
.
. ...438
. .355

P.
Passports, duties on, annually, from 1821 to 1842
, „...
.63^
Patent Office, concerning the money to the credit of.
..
....
3
Pension grants, the expense of, views in 1838 on the propriety of avoiding an increase of,
during the gradual reduction of the tariff
)
..
188
Pork, hogs, &6., exported annually from the United States from 1790 to 1838 inclusive,
the value of.
.. 286
statement of <the-value of, exported.annually from the United States from
1821 to 1842, and of the countries to which exported. ,. , .645, 646, 647
Port of entrv, at Independence, the establishment of a, recommended.
..
.617
Post-Office Department, concerning the money to the credit of
.. ..
....
3
Preemption and graduation laws, the passage of, recommended in 1839.
252
Premiums offered and accepted for the stock of the United States loan in 1843. ..
..
629
President of the United States, memorials in 1837 of merchants, Chamber of Commerce,&c.,
for a recision of the specie circular, and for a stay on the payment of duty bonds.. .38, 40, 41
Produce—see Domestic Produce.




INDEX.

699

Public debt of the United States, expenditures, estimated for and actual, for payments on
account of the funded and unfunded, in—
1837
.2, 90, 92, 111, 176, 178
1838.
...
.177,178,202,256,272
1839
..
,,
.
...181,232,272,371
1840/
352,384,385,437
1841.
357,358,438,441,462,482
1842.' ..
486, 502, 599, 622
1843...
..
'
487,625
1843-'4
/.
*
.488, 600, 602, 680
1844-' 5
603, 652, 668, 680
1845-1'6. '
670
Public debt, principal and interest on the old, undischarged—
in 1836
'
..
..
92
in 1837.
...
179
in 1238
272
in 1839,'
.385
in 1840
<
.
483
in 1842. .
..
..
504
in 1843. ...;
630
in 1844.,..
676, 677
concerning the extinguishment of the. .
187
views in 1837,in regard to the foreign, of the United States.
95
views in 1840 in regard to t h e . . . ,
..
..
353
on account of the cities of Washington, Alexandria, and Georgetown, and payments of interest thereon,., .179, 273, 352, 357, 358, 371, 385, 483, 504, 630, 651
statement of the old and new, December 1, 1843., . . .
630
statement, of the old>and new, July 1 and December 1, 1844
, ..651, 676, 677
expenditures for debt and.interest, exclusive of payments arising from loans and
Treasury notes, from 1st January, 1816, to 31st December, '1836
- .459, 460
views in 1841 on the means of providing for the, and in favor of funding the.. 440,
441,443
amount paid from 1816 to 1837
..
441
when paid, and how much paid.,
..
.. ..
'* 606
statement and views in 1844-'5 in regard to the
.652, 653
statements of payments on account of the old, funded and unfunded since—
1st December, 1836
92
1st December, 1837. ,
..
178
1st December, 1838. ,,
.. 272
1st December, 1839. . . .
385
1st December, 1840.
..483
payments of principal and interest of the old, between January 1, 1837, and
December 31, 1840, and between January 1, 184J, and September 30,
1843
'
...
.626,627
statement of payments on account of the old, Treasury notes and interest, from
January 1, 1837, to September 30, 1843.
627
in 1790, foreign and domestic.
.. . . ; .
654
on account of the Revolution. ,
654
in 1800
654
iri 1810
154
in 1816.
;.,.
. 654
in. 1820.
654
in 1830
654
in 1835.
..
655
interest paid on the, from 1789 to 1835
655
new, incurred in 1841-'2, and '3, and for payments of principal and interest
thereon—see^Loans—see Treasury Notes.
see Revolutionary Debt.
considerations in 1844 as to the existing .security for payment of interest and
ultimate redemption of the principal of the
.
.,
657
Public dues, views in 1837 on the kind of money receivable for, &c.
. ,
..
.21, 43, 47
bank notes made receivable in 1789, for.
...
....
53
Treasury circular in 1790, in regard to the bearing of the collection law on
the receivability of bank notes in payment of.
..
. .
54
Treasury drafts tp be received in payment o f . . . . „ . .
,.,',.
68
views in 1838 on the kind of currency received for the
...
188
Treasury circulars of June 1 and July 6, 183&, to the collectors and receivers in relation to the kind of currency to be received in payment of... .215, 217
views in 1839 on the condition of the banking institutions generally and.
the kind of money receivable for. ..
..
.. . 249
Public credit—see Credit.




700

njTDEX.

Public lands, receipts from the sales of, estimated for and ascertained—
in 1836.
"
89
in 1837 ,
2,90, 175
in 1838
..
..
92, 176, 178, 256
in 1839.
.180, 231, 371
in 1840.
234,351, 437
in 1841.
.. ..
..
357,438,439,440,461,462
in 1842.
485, 620
in 1843...
..
487, 488, 600, 623, 667, 678, 680
in 1844-'5
..
.602, 668, 678
in 1845-'6
.
669
receipts from the sales of, from 1st January, 1816, to 31st December, 1836. 459
:st December, 1840.
receipts from the sales of, from 1st January, 1837,- to 31
460'
receipts from the' sales of, from 1st January, 1837, to September 30, 1843. 627
views in' 1837 iir regard to the'fluctuations* in the receipts from, and on the
estimates for' the' future". ,,
.„ .......
, 9 9
. . 107
recommendations to receive payments in' advance for.,..;
views in 1839 in regard to the"fluctuation's"inthe sales of, &c., and how the
Government finances are affected thereby
. . . . 242
views in regard to the estimate of sales of, in 1839..
182, 183
views' as to the receipts from, in 1842
..
..
.. . 463
views in 1843, in regard to'the sales of the;
.
'
604
considerations in 1844 in regard to and the revenues to be derived from the, 656
concerning the
.
253
Public moneys, unavailable in 1837, 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841
.. .91, 177, 178, 357, 372, 627
views in 1837 on the safekeeping, of the...
„ . . . . . . .10, 102, 107
circular, May 12, 1837, directing the collectors of customs and receivers
of, to collect and safely keep the, in case of a suspension by the banks.
59
extract from the Treasury report in 1790 as to a new class of officers to
keep and transfer the.. . —
60
statements showing the condition of the, in the former and present banks
of deposit and Mint in August, 1837
....
.64, 65
under'the opinion of the Attorney General, and by order of the President,
the, to be deposited with specie-paying banks, and with other bainks, on
...,,
68
condition of approved security for a prompt return in kind, &c.
views in 1837 in regard to- the banks and safekeeping of t h e . . . . . . .
102
practicability of keeping the, independent of the bank's as fiscal agents..106,107
the use of the, for discounts' by the banks' unprofitable, & c —
,. 192
views in 1838 on the manner of keeping the, and changes proposed. . . . t 192
collateral security for the safekeeping of the, recommended. . . . . . ..194, 195
recommendation that the embezzlement of the, be made a penal offence.., 196
see Banks.
amount subject to draft in' certain general deposit banks the 1st December,
. 1838...
.. ..
....
224
list of •collectors of customs and receivers of, having moneys'in their hands
subject to draft, conformable to returns to December 3, 1838.
227
list of late deposit banks in which special deposits have been made, and
the amount of special deposits'subject to draft 1st December, 1838... . 228
statement of balances of, due th'e United- States on the 10th November,
1834, from banks formerly depositaries of the "public money, with the
credits to which they are entitled for payments since that date.
229
list of certain banks which suspended specie payments, and balances due
by them on* 3d December, 1838, on bonds given under the act of 16th
October,-18-37
....
230
Treasury circular of July 14', 1838, in regard to the'safekeeping of the, and
exhorting the depositaries not to- employ it for private advantage, &c
230
views in 1839 on the manner of keeping, the, and the proper guards
1
against losses.
....
.,
.. . . . . . . . .
.,.,
..
244
statement of the, available for general purposes 1st"January, 1839..,
255
statement in 1839 of, in the two general deposit banks.. ..
.. .. .. 346
available in 1841 in the deposit banks. .
,.....357
opinions in 1840 that the mode established by Congress for the*safekeeping
of the, has answered' well, &c.
..
'. . . . I . . . . 362
views in 1841 in regard to keeping and disbursing the, adverse to the independent Treasury
. . . ... . .
444
subject to draft;,, in 184T, in the hands of the Treasury agents, enumerated.
., . .,
..
..,, , . . . ,,. . . . . . . . . ..
.449,452
R.
Receipts into the.Treasury, from all sources-, as estimated for, and ascertained—
in 1836.
-




89

INDEX.

701

Receipts into the Treasury, from all sources, as estimated for, and ascertainedr--Co?i*wi'wed.
in 1837.
2,90,175
in 1838
92, 176, 178, 256
in 1839
.180,231,371
in 1840.
.. ...
.234, 351,.437
in 1841.
.357, 438, 439, 440, 456, .461, 470, 599
in 1842.
..
.463, 485, 491, 5.99, 620, 603
in 1843.....
'..487, 599, 623
in 1843-'4.
.488, 600, 601, 667, 678
in 1844-'5.,
.602, 667, 680
in 1845-'6.
... v . . . . ,...,.
'
669
views in 1837 in regard to the estimated, for 1838
93, 99
-views in 183.9 in regard to the estimates of, for 1840, and on
some permanent safeguard under fluctuation in expenditure^
and
„ ...
.236,242
explanatory views in regard to the estimates of, for 1839. .182, 183
views on the necessity of guards to preserve.the public faith
against the fluctuations in the..
,
184, 185
explanatory views in regard to the estimates of, for 1840...
236
as to the probable deficit in the, for 1837..
...
5
as to the effect of legislation of the special session in 1837 upon
the, of the current y e a r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
96
the entries on the books of the Register do not always show
the true dates of the.
. . . .
.,. . ., 441
explanation of the, of 1842.. 1. ..
.......
..... . . . .
• •.. 603
the average rate of, for several years, deficiency in, &c... - .
605
exclusive'of the trust funds, Treasury notes, and loans, from
1st January, 1816, to 31st December, 1836.
459
average annual receipts from 1816 to 1836, and from 1837 to
1840
.....
.459, 460
excess of average annual, over expenditures for current expenses from 1816 to 1836. . . . .
..
.,
459
exclusive of trust funds, loans, and Treasury notes, &c. from
1st January, 1837, to 31st December, 1840
..
460
statement of the, from customs,, lands, and miscellaneous sources,
from debts and other funds existing prior to 1837, and from
loans and Treasury nbtes annually, from January 1,1837, to
September 30, 1.843
626
from the bonds due by the United States Bank—see Bank of
the United States.
from public lands—see Public Lands.
from customs—see Customs.
from loans—see Treasury Notes—see Loans—'See Estimates.
Receivers of the Public Moneys, made depositaries of the public Moneys in case of a suspension of specie payments by the banks.
59
to receive Treasury drafts in payment for public lands. ... 68
views in 1837 on the propriety of .making, general depositaries .,
• . .
107
continue to make deposits of public moneys in certain banks 192
losses of public moneys by, concerning.
..
.,
. . 194
recommendation of collateral security from? as keepers of the
public moneys, and making any embezzlement by them a
penal offence
195, 196
Treasury circulars in 1838 to the, in relation to the kind of
currency receivable for lands, &c
.215, 217
list of, having public moneys in their hands, on whom drafts
have been placed, &c., and the balance in their hands subject to draft conformable to returns to Dec. 3,. 1838
227
Treasury circular of July 14, 1838, in regard to the safekeeping of the public money, and exhorting them, in the
absence of legislation, to vigilance, and against the use of
the public, moneys to private advantage, &c
230
Receivers General and Treasurers, view;? in. 1840 in regard to
362
ReeXportationis, value of foreign merchandise reexported annually from 1821 to 1842
631,
'
.
632, 635
Reserved funds in the Treasury in 1837.
—
.,
.
1
Retrenchment in the expenditures, views in 1838 on the necessity of, and the proper
objects of,,
•
186
Retrenchment recommended—see Expenses-^-see Expenditures.
Revenue, the Surplus—see Suiyl'us—see Deposits with the States.
considerations in 1837 in regard to the the causes of fluctuations in the.. •••«».• 0 95




702

njTDEX.

Revenue, and expenditures in 1837, further explanations as to the, and the effect upon them
by laws passed at the special session in 1837..
....
96
views in 1837 on the propriety of vesting-authority to issue Treasury notes to
supply any deficiency in the
...
107
views in 1838 on the fluctuations in the, and the reductions in the, under a reduced tariff.
.... ,
.. .183, 184, 185
causes which would operate to diminish the, in 1840, from customs
, . . , 236
fluctuations in commercial prosperity, the crops, the banking policy, and credit
systems of foreign nations, affect the . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . 242
considerations in 1840 in regard to the, for 1841. ..
. . ....
• • 359
the best modeof avoiding inequality between the anticipated receipts and expenditures in 1841 and 1842.
.',360
general views in 1840 in regard to the, and the causes of fluctuation in the, &c.. 365
the amount which the, exceeded the expenditures from 1816 to 1837
441
estimate of the amount of, which will be received from customs in part of 1841,
1842, and 1843, under a modification of the revenue laws
—
. . . . 456
received from the 1st of January, .1816, to 31st December, 1836, inclusive, exclusive of loans, Treasury notes, and trust funds.
..
459
received from 1st of January, 1837, to 31st December, 1840, exclusive of trust
funds, loans, and Treasury notes, from other than ordinary sources of income.. 460
from customs and'other sources, from January 1, 1837, to September 30, 1843.. 626
gross and net, from imports of foreign merchandise, from tonnage and light
money, passports, and clearances, from 1821 to 1842 inclusive..
635
outstanding and falling due to the Treasury, arising from other sources than that
of the ordinary revenue, which were paid between the 1st January, 1837, and
4th March 1841
•..
.'..,.. 455
on the importance of adequate provisions of.
,
..
.. .. 490
considerations in 1844 in regard to the resources of the United States as to.
. 656
an augmentation of the, deemed in 1841 to be necessary...
..
469
the probable augmentation of the, in 1844 and 1845 under the tariff of 1842...
603
the average rate of revenue for certain years and the' actual, independent of extrinsic additions, and how the deficiencies have been supplied.. ... . . ..
.. 605
views in 1843 as to provisions to meet deficiencies in the, and the best means of
improving the, &c
...
, .608,610,616
concerning the svstem of collecting the..,
,.
..
618
the yield under the act of 1842.
.664, 671
Revenue laws—see Tariff.
Revenues, amount of, estimated and ascertained—
for 1836.
..
89
for 1837
:
2,90, 109, 175for 1838.
..
..
92,176,178,256
for 1839
180,231,255,371
• for 1840
'
234, 351, 352, 372, 437
for 1841
357, 438, 439, 456, 461, 462, 470
for 1842
440, 456, 463, 485, 491, 598, 599, 620
for 1843 and 1843-'4
487, 488, 599, 600, 601, 623, 678
for 1844-'5
'
.602, 667, 668, 678, 680
for 1845-'6
669
Revolutionary debt, the amount of the . . '
.....
. . . . . . . . . 654
Rice, exported annually from the United States from 1790 to 1838 inclusive, the value of. 286
statement of the value of, exported annually from the United States from 1821 to
1842, inclusive, and of the countries to which exported
.. „
.. 645
S.
Salt, the value of, imported into the United States annually from 1790 to 1835 inclusive.. 276
the value of, imported into the United States annually from 1821 to 1842
637
Saltpetre, refined, the price of, in 1 8 4 2 . . . . .
,.
„
.. . 507
•Satinets-, American, the prices of, in 1842. ,
...
........
..
.. ..
508
617
Seamen, sick and disabled, considerations in 1843 in regard to relief t o . . . .
Security, collateral, for the safekeeping of the public funds recommended in 1838. . .194, 195
Sheetings, Russia, the price of, in 1842.
—
. . ..
507
Silks, the value of, imported into the United States from 1790 to 1838, inclusive. .. ., . . . 276
imported into the United States annually from 1821 to 1842, the value of. . . , , . .
636
Sinking fund, the excess of revenue above expenditures is the only real,
. 653
the, by which the revolutionary and other public debts were paid, the operations o f —
....
. . . . ,,
...
656
recommended in 1844 to anticipate the payments of the stock under the acts
of 1842 and 1843, the mode of providing,. &c
. . . . .659, 664
Skins and furs, exported annually from the United States from 1790 to 1838 inclusive, the
value of
287
the value of, exported annually from 1821 to 1842. .. . . . ..
.
645




INDEX.

703

Smithsonian legacy, invested, &c.
199
Smuggling, marine preventive service a g a i n s t . . . . . . . . . . . . .
618
Solicitor of the Treasury, circular of the, in M a y , 1837, to the United States attorneys in
regard to the collection of duty bonds."
. . . . ... - . . . . . X ... ,
36
Special deposits of public moneys have been made, list of the late deposit banks in which. 222
list of banks in which are made.
.. ., ..
628
Specie and bullion, imported and exported in 1837 and 1838.
..
224
value of, imported into the United States from 1790 to 1838 inclusive.
277
value of, imported from 1834 to 1840.
458
imported into the United States, annually, from 1821 to 1842, value of. 636,
exported annually from 1821 to 1842, and the countries to which exported, value of.
...,.„
.645, 646, 647
"exported annually from 1790 to 1838.
.280, 287
Specie basis for circulation, an enlargement of the, recommended in 1839..
253
Specie in the United States in 1814 and 1837, the periods of suspension by the banks, the
amount of.
...
,..
... ....
,... ..
188
Specie, views in 1837 in regard to imports and exports of,..the bearing upon trade, &C.20,104,105
statement exhibiting the value of bullion and, imported and exported during the
year ending 30th September, 1838.
224
statement of the, and bullion exported annually from the United States from 1790 to
1838 inclusive.
.'
286
annual imports and exports of—see Imports—see Exports.
Specie circulation, the advantages o f . . .
. . . . . . . . . 363
Specie payments by the former deposit banks, views in 1837 in regard to the resumption of. .18,20
banks which had suspended, discontinued as depositories.. .. .
55
Treasury circular of July 3, 1837, to the banks in regard to, and urging
the resumption of
86
views in 1837 on the ability, &c., of the deposit banks at different points
to sustain
...
.'. . . .
103,105
views in 1838 in relation to the resumption of, by the banks. . .. . .188, 191
see Banks for further views in regard to.
Specie circular, memorials of the New York and other merchants in 1837, and the Chambers of Commerce for the recision of the. . . . . . . . . . .
38, 40, 41
from the Secretary of the Treasury, asserting the constitutional duties of that
department in regard to the collection of duties in specie, and against the
recision of t h e . . .
,
43
Spices, imported into the United States annually from 1821 to 1842, the value of
637
the value of, imported into the United States from 1790 to 1838 inclusive
277
Spirits, the value of,.imported into the United Stktes from 1790 to 1838 inclusive.
. . . . . 275
domestic distilled, drawback paid on, annually, from 1821 to 1842.
..
.. " 635
allowance for natural waste, under the British warehouse system
,,..
521
imported into the United States annually from 1821 to 1842, the value of.
..,. ,
637
Spencer, John C., Secretary of the Treasury—see Finances.
Steamboilers, and the best methods of preventing explosions, concerning experiments to
test the strength of.
....
..
,,
108
a promised collection of facts in regard to explosions of
..
199
Steamboats, promised statistics, &c., o f . .
,1
..
, 199
States, the deposits with the—see Deposits.
Stocks, lists of persons to whom the loan of the United States was awarded in 1843, and
the amounts awarded.
.;
. ..
..
629
the marketable value of
.
, . 653
sinking fund recommended to anticipate the payments of the, under the acts of
1843 and 1844.
....
659
statement of the gain on the purchase o f the stock of 1841, in anticipation of its
redemption on the 1st of January, 1845
633
Steel—see Iron.
Submissions, recapitulation of, for 1838.. u
.....
157
Sugar, the value of, imported into the United States from 1790 to 1838 inclusive.
,.
277
domestic refined, drawback paid annually, from 1821 to 1842, o n . . .
...
,..
635
imported into the United States ^annually from 1821 to 1842, the value of. . . .
637
Surplus in the Treasury, not anticipated during the year 1839, for deposit with the States. 181
the existing, temporary and fallacious in its character, &c...
184
views in 1838 on the good policy of avoiding large. . . . . . .
1851
Surplus fund, amounts of appropriations which maybe carried to the, at the end of—
183 7
..
..
•
91, 123, 159, 170
183 8
„-..
180
183 9
..
.235, 298, 335
1840.
..."
.,
.,
358,390, 425
Surveying districts, concerning a consolidation of
607
Survey—see Coast Survey.
Swartwout, Samuel, collector at New York, Treasury circulars to, in 1837
33, 49




704

njTDEX.

T,
Tariff, prediction in 1838 of a diminished revenue consequent upon a reduced, & c . . . . « . « 186
.
. >.
••<
252
a reduction of the, recommended in 1839.
a modification of the act of 1833 recommended in 1840, to prevent or supply any .
deficit, instead of a resort to loans or issue of Treasury notes
.361, 362
the high, of 1824 did not prevent low prices and bankruptcies
368
a modification to .20 per cent, ad valorem recommended in 1841...
442
estimate of the amount which will be received from customs for certain periods,
under a modification of the.
.. . . . . . . .
456
views in 1841 on a readjustment of the, and an increase of the, recommended. .464, 469
views in 1842 in regard to the operations of t h e . . . . ,
. . . . 489
views of the collector of the customs at New York on the
.•« . . .
. . . . . 507
views in 1843 in regard to the operations of the new.
608
a review and reformation of the act of 1842 recommended in 1844
665
views in regard to the operations of the act of 1842. , i.
. .. .. .. . .671, 672, 673
Taxes, the value of, &c.
„„...,
,.
..
..
661
Tea and coffee, duty on, recommended in 1843. . . . .
..«,...
..609, 616
Teas, the value of, imported into the United States from 1790 to 1838 inclusive.,.... . . . . 275
imported into the United States annually from 1821 to 1842, the value of.
...
637
Telegraphs, concerning a system of.
...........................
108
Tobacco, statement of the value of, exported annually from the United States from 1790 to
1838 inclusive.
.. '
...
285
statements of the .value of, exported annually from the United States from 1821
to 1842 inclusive, and the countries to which'exported.,
.645, 646, 647
Tonnage, and light moneys, concerning the duties on....
,...
.....
610
statement of the amount of the, employed in the foreign trade annually from
'1821 to 1842
634
recommendation in 1844 of a change in the mode of ascertaining.
. 672
Trade, -views in 1837 in regard to the fluctuation and revulsions in
95
Treasurer's statement in regard to the condition of the public moneys on deposit with the
banks and Mint, in August, 1837...
.....
64, 65
Treasurers—see Receivers General.
Treasury, the condition of the—see Finances^see Deficiency—see Balances.
in regard to the mode of exhibiting the state of the.
598
Treasury circulars, in 1837
.33, 36, 43, 47, 51, 55, 59, 68, 86
in 1789 and 1790
53, 54
in 1838...
215,217, 230
in 1842
.....
530
Treasury Department, concerning the laws relating to the....
674
proposition for a reorganization of t h e . . . . . . . . . ..,, .108, 199, 252, 349
Treasury drafts, views of Hamilton in 1790 in regard to.
. 54
circular of the Secretary of the Treasury, May 17, 1837, to collectors of
customs and receivers of public money-to receive, in payment of public
dues..
. ..
68
Treasury notes, the issue and receipts into the Treasury, estimated and ascertained, of—
in 1837.
90,17.5,179
in 1838
..,
.92, 176, 178, 179, 256
in 1839
273,371
in 1840
351, 386, 437
in 1841.
357, 438, 439, 440, 461, 470
in 1842...
439,463,485,491,599, 620
in 1843-'4.
..
.
487, 600, 623, 678
in 1844-'5.
...
,..
....
667
the reimbursement and redemption of, estimated and actual—
in 1837
I l l , 179
in 1838
93, 177, 178, 179., 202, 232, 256
in 1839
180, 181, 231, 232, 272, 273, 371
in 1840
234, 352, 384, 386, 437
in 1841
„
35.7, 358, 438, 462, 482
in 1842
:.
.439, 463, 486, 487, 502, 599, 622
in 1843-'4
487, 488, 600, 601, 625, 668, 680
in 1844-'5. ..
680
payments on account of, issued during the late war, amounts payable, &c. 92,
179, 272, 273, 385, 483, 630, 651
outstanding in 1841 ..
. •..... •
484
outstanding in 1842
.... • 504
outstanding in 1843
630
outstanding in 1844.
.652, 676, 677
amount paid' for interest on, from 1837 to 1843
. . . • .626, 627
statement in relation to the issue and redemption of, in 1837 and 1838..,« 179




INDEX.

705

Treasury notes, statement of the issue and redemption of, from the 1st of January to the
20th of November, 1839..
.
273
statement in relation to the issue and redemption of, from 1st of January
to the 30th November, 1840..
386
statement in 1841 of the, issued and redeemable, and balances of outstanding
. .. \
,,.. .. . .. . ,
484
views in 1837 on the issue of, to meet the wants of Government.. . . 7, 9
views in 1837 on the necessity of the further issue of, and on the means
to redeem those payable, & c . . ..
—
97, 98, 101
views in 1838 on the outstanding, and the advantages in the power to
issue, to preserve the public faith, & c . , . . . . .
182, 185
views in 1839 concerning the emission and redemption of.
232.
views in 1840 in regard to the outstanding..
353
views in 1841 against the issue of, to supply the Treasury
. ' . . . . . , 443
views on the propriety of vesting the power to issue, in case of deficits in
the receipts. .. . . . .
.107
an issue of, recommended in 1841, to supply the Treasury
. . . 462
a reissue of, recommended. . ......
. .
.464, 489
the payment of interest on, proposed in 1842, to keep them out
489
considerations in 1843 in regard to the unredeemed, and reissue of .. .606, 613
Trade, recommendations in 1838 of permanent legislation to preserve the finances of Government against the fluctuations in
184
freedom of, recommended in 1839.
........
252
with the British Provinces and West Indies, concerning.
..
253
the natural laws of, cannot be violated without financial evils
367
Trust funds, included in the balances in the Treasury in 1836 and 1837
,.
91
1838
256
expenditures on account of, in 1838.
256
receipts and expenditures on account of, in 1839.
.. 371
receipts and expenditures in 1840
372
balance of, in 1842
599
U.
Unavailable funds—see Balances in the Treasury.
V,
Value of imports and exports—see Imports—see Exports—see Merchandise.
Vessels engaged in the whale fisheries, &c., concerning the papers and registry of

350

W
Warehousing ports in Great Britain, list of, and of goods that may be warehoused in each..524,527
Warehouse system, extension of the, recommended in 1837.
..
.. ..
.. .5, 107
views in 1841 concerning a
490
act 3 and 4 William IV, of 28th August, 1233, regulating the, of Great
Britain. . .
508*
list of the principal articles of foreign merchandise remaining in warehouse, under the locks of the Crown, in the London, Liverpool,
Bristol, and Hull, in January, 1832 and 1833.
,.
524
circular from the Treasury Department, and responses thereto by the
custom-house officers and Chambers of Commerce, in regard to the... 530,
531 to 595
considerations in 1843 in regard to the.,,
. . 613
Warrants, statement of the number and amount of, drawn on the United States Bank and
branches, and the other banks which were depositories of the public money
in the year 1834.
...
. 61
drawn on the banks and Mint in August, 1837, and not paid
"
65
Wares, earthen, stone, and China, imported into the United States annually from 1821 to
1842, the value of.
..
..
636
Washington city, the debt of, assumed by the Government
179,
273, 352, 357, 358, 371, 385, 483, 504, 630, 651
Weights and measures, concerning the standard of..
.. .108, 253
concerning the progress in the manufacture of...
.. .. 199^
Wine, loss for natural waste under the British warehouse system
.,
521
Wines, the value of, imported into the United States from 1790 to 1838 inclusive. . .
275
imported into the United States annually from 1821 to 1842, the value of.
. . . . 636
recommendation in 1844 that the duty on, be changed to an ad valorem. „.......
66
VOL. I Y . — 4 5 .




706

njTDEX.

Woodbury, Secretary—slee'Fmarichs;
'Woolens-, the" value of ? imported into the United1 Staifes'from; 1790 to 1838 inclusive
imported'into:" the United States annually frbm: l$21 : to 1842, the value of.
"Worsted linings,' the prices'of; in 1 8 4 2 ; . . . . . ... . V . . . .
. ..;
i.




275
636
508


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