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O F T I C E O r THF. C H A I R M A N

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February 2, 1966,

My dear M r. President:
Knowing as I do the many pressing matters demanding your
attention, especially in recent days, 1 appreciate very much indeed
the generous time you gave me last night for a frank discussion of
F ederal R eserve Board problems, most particularly that concerning
the choice of a new member of the Board to succeed Vice Chairman
Canby Balderston.
A s I indicated to you, despite our difficulties it has been for
me a privilege to work with you during the past two years, and I am
no less now than two years ago earnestly desirous of aiding in the
achievement of your goals, since they are, I feel, the proper goals of
us all. Yet I must confess that, as I begin to think back over our talk,
I become m ore and more discouraged with the prospects as I see them*
In my view, as I tried to make clear, it would do honor not only
to a very fine man but also to yourself if you should appoint to the Board
such an outstandingly able and qualified a man as Atherton Bean of
Minneapolis. 1 find it hard to think of any appointment that would be
more widely hailed, or more merited, than that of a man who has,
though still a comparatively youthful 55, distinguished himself over
the years as a student, at Carleton College and later as a Rhodes
Scholar at Oxford; as an industrialist, risen to President and,
presently, Chairman of the Board of the International Milling Company
of Minneapolis; and as a devotee of the public good, through service
both on boards of educational institutions and of the F ederal Reserve
Bank of the Minneapolis district. I feel that I owe it to him, as w ell
as to you, to point out that he is too big, too fine a man for anyone to
think of him as "m y" man, or yours, or anyone e ls e 's --s u re ly a point
of integrity that stands in his favor, as I'm sure you will be foremost
in recognising.
Nevertheless, I understand the many considerations you must



A s to Andrew 'Brimmer, my only objection would be to the
appointment at this time of another economist, when already each of
the last three new appointees in succession has been an economist,
and appointment now o£ a fourth would mean constitution of a m ajority
of the Board from the membership of a single profession. To the


public criticism that could be anticipated on grounds of imbalance of
that character--criticism almost sure to be compounded if the new
appointee also is drawn from the ranks of the Administration~-there
would undoubtedly be added, as I am persuaded by complaints I have
endured on earlier occasions, criticism that you had ignored the
provision of law, in Section 10 of the Federal R eserve Act, that
"In selecting the members of the Board. e President shall have
due regard to a fair representation of the financial, agricultural,
industrial, and commercial interests. . . of the country." The con­
sequence of this, I fear, would be the creation of widespread doubts
within and without the System that would damage confidence and
gravely impair the ability of the Federal Reserve to c arry out
functions of vital importance to the economy and the government
Let me add, emphatically, that the objection I have set out
does not extend to Andy B rim m er personally: in his work as an
economist on the research staff of the Federal R eserve Bank of New
York in the 1955-58 period, before he went on to become an assist­
ant professor of economics at Michigan Sta.te University and more
recently the University of Pennsylvania, he perform ed with consider­
able credit to himself; indeed I should be most pleased to have his
services as an economist again today, if that were possible, in a top
position on our staff. Furtherm ore, I expect that, as he gains added
stature from his work as Assistant Secretary of Commerce that could
carry him to still greater responsibilities, he may at some later time —
especially as he is only 39 years old now— becoma universally recog­
nized as indisputably qualified for appointment to the R eserve Board
or an even higher post.
In considering the appointment of a successor to Governor
Balderston, however, the question that presents itself to you is an
immediate one: Who, in the light of his present qualifications, is
the best man that can possibly be obtained for service on the Board
of Governors of the Federal R eserve System, in the light of its needs
for men of ability, integrity, and a diversity of experience?
To me, it seems highly unlikely that there can be found a better
qualified man than Atherton Bean, whose appointment would, I believe,
enhance the stature of the Board, establish the integrity of the Federal
R eserve System, and assure continued confidence in its work, both at
home and abroad.
It may be, of course, that you will wish to nominate another, as
it is unquestionably your right and privilege to do. In that event, I
would wish no more than that you give consideration to the matters I
have sought to set out, both in our discussion and in this letter, and


that the man you choose w ill--lik e Atherton Bean--have every qualifica­
tion you would want not only in a Member of the Board, but also its
Once again, you have been more than generous in the time you
have given me and the many courtesies you have shown me* Before
the final decision is made, if it is convenient I would like to have one
more opportunity to review matters with you*
F aithfully your s f

C& M
Wm. McC. Martin, J r.

The President,
The White House.

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102