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F.D. 12A.3 93



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Washington, D. C., October 21, 1921.

My dear Mr. Mayor:

The following are brief accounts of some of the different methods that are
being used in different cities to meet the unemployment emergency.
They are
foruarded to you in the hope that they may contain suggestions that will be
helpful to you in handling your local problems.
Very truly yours,




A suggestion that is being followed in Schenectady is this: encourage the
citizens of the city during the Fall clear-up to give this work to the unemployed.
For example, many people in Schenectady are in the habit of pitching in and doing
their own cleaning up of yards, etc. It is suggested to these people that instead of doing this work themselves, wherever it is financially possible they
give this work to the ether more unfortunate brethren.
"We are so situated," writes Mayor George P. Lunn, "that it will be necessary in addition to providing all the work possible to hand out relief. We have
thousands of people out of employment who are good substantial, dependable
citizens. In more prosperous times these people have contributed toward the
prosperity of the city, and have, of course, been a factor in the business
success of our merchants. It is no more than right that at this time of
industrial crisis these people should be considered as assets of the community
even though tenporarily they are out of employment. The people who have
benefitted by the purchasing power of these men and women now unemployed should
in turn do everything in their power to lighten the present heavy load. What
we need is the spirit of sincere cooperation. We need it in the City, in the
State and in the Yation. Surely this great nation of ours which manifested
such a triumphant spirit of unity during the war can be depended upon to bring
into being again that same inspiring unity so that we can conquer our internal
foe called unemployment."


Aedo, Ohio.
The Committee on Recreation of the Mayor's Unemployment Committee is an
addition to the program of the National Conference. Its function is to provide
free recreation throughout the winter for those who are unemployed or who are
only employed part time. This is looked upon in Toledo as an important feature
in maintaining public morale through a period when there is bound to be considerable idleness along with inability to pay for entertainment.
Portland, Me.

On the work of building two school houses most all of the money is spent
The method of securing money for these things is as follows:
for labor alone.
As it is approaching the end of the year, it is possible to tell by reference
to the city Budget just what departments will have a surplus. These surpluses
would ordinarily lapse into the sinking fund but this year transfers are being
made from tho well-off departments and in order to secure funds for relief work.


Hon. George L. .Baker, Mayor, writes: 'RATe are operating with two or three
distinct ends in view. The first is to provide employment to our own people.
The second is to prevent employers from taking advantage of conditions and
cutting wages, thereby profiting from the misfortunes of others. The third
is to make it unnecessary for persons to 'mooch' on the streets and the fourth
is to prevent the opening of public soup kitchens.

"Under this plan, the Mayor is made General Director of the work with the
responsibility of supervising the entire system in and about the departments.
Under him he has four directors, the first has charge of the task of causing
public bodies including the state, county and city high-ways, school board,
port, dock commissions and other government agencies to arrange their public
work improvement program so that as much work as possible may be done during
the winter months. The second Director has charge of the Industrial Activities
and is encouraging industries to do as much construction work as possible this
winter. He is also urging home owners to create employment in the 'Clean-up-Spruce-up' Campaign in order to give employment to as many men with dependents
as possible. The third Director has charge of securing employment for women and
already has three agencies working on the rehabilitation of clothing, etc. These
will be combined and enlarged for the benefit of women workers, and also for
families unable to buy new clothing.
"For the benefit of such of the floating population as insisted upon coming
to Portland a yard for the production of cord wood for fuel is being set up in
an abandoned shipyard where men will be given a nominal amount of work in return
for bed and meals. The wood produced will be sold for the maintenance of the
yard. For the general relief of the needy this same department is promoting a
program of conservation of food stuffs such as vegetables, fruit and other foods
to be obtained and stored for distribution to the needy.

-3'The municipal rock pile for prisoners will also be operated for the
benefit of 'pan-handlers' and 'moochers.' This rock pile and also the unemployment conditions are being advertised throughout the Yorthwest with the
idea of preventing an influx of men who if they cave would only add to Portland's problem and not benefit themselves in any way.
"In putting this plan into operation the fullest cooperation was first
obtained between business and industrial interests of Portland, organized
labor, government agencies and the press."
Springfield, Mass.

Hon. EdTin F. Leonard, Mayor, writes: "We have created a central bureau
to register the unemployed. Each case is investigated and work given to the
most urgent cases, those with dependents. During the year the city has done
about $1,000,000 more than usual in public improvements which is giving
splendid results. is, five hour a day job is given to needy cases on public
jobs at forty cents an hour. This is $12 per week, a wage so small that a
man is compelled to seek a better job. Besides five hours is about all the
average man unaccustomed to shovelling can stand. They have the remainder of
The city is appropriating $5,000 to $10,000
the day to look for other work.
a month to pay for this kind of work by the unemployed. This plan has also
been used in Hartford, Connecticut, with good results."
Muskegon, Mich.

"During the winter of 1920-1921, this
Hon. Paul Beardsley, 7:ayor, writes:
city adopted the plan which has been approved by the recent Conference on Unemployment, i.e., of constituting our City Welfare Department an employment
agency and using on City jobs those actually in need, selecting first of course
men with families to care for. We also started and have carried forward more
public improvements than we would have under other circumstances. We insist
upon male applicants for assistance working and also use our Employment Bureau
to find work for both male and female applicants. We have loaned money to those
temporarily out of employment, taking their notes, and are pleased to say, that
these loans are being repaid, proving our contention that the men applying for
same were perfectly honest and willing to work but merely unfortunate in not
being able to find employment."
Cleveland, Ohio.

Recommendations of the president's Unemployment Conference for
Community Organization and Lotion Taken on Each one by
Mayor William S. iitzgerald's Unemployment Committee
The Mayor's Committee should try to harmonize the operations of all the
different agencies which are trying to relieve the situation, so as to avoid
clashing and wasted effort.


The secretary was instructed to prepare a list of agencies in Cleveland
which are trying to relieve the unemployment situation and to request each to
tell the Mayor's Committee what they are doing and to ask them to co-operate
with the Mayor's Committee in its effort to harmonize the operations of all
agencies in the field. It is the sense of the Mayor's Committee that all
existing agencies be co-ordinated and such other agencies as may be necessary,
should be formed.
The facts of the extent and distribution of unemployment should be in
the possession of the Committee, and Should be made available to the public.
All organizations gathering statistics on unemployment are requested to
furnish copies of their information to the secretary of the Mayor's Committee
so that a comprehensive set of statistics may be prepared for the entire
Statistics were presented by the State-City Free Employment Bureau
and representatives of the Chamber of Commerce and of the Federation of Labor
declared that they have data which will be furnished to the Committee.
Secretary of the Cleveland Federation of Labor agreed to make a general survey
of unemployment 'among union labor. It was thought that the surveys of the
State-City Free Employment Bureau and of the Chamber of Commerce would complete
the data by furnishing statistics of unemployment among non-union labor.
Each locality should have a public employment bureau.
It was agreed that the State-City Free Employment Bureau, which is supported
jointly by the state, the city, and the Welfare Federation, is doing all that
is possible under this suggestion. The Committee favors extending the services
of this bureau as much as possible.
The Mayor's Committee should try to get the whole community behind the
effort to speed up the construction of public improvements. In a period like
this there should be the greatest activity in putting up new schools and other
needed public buildings,'and in necessary repairs and improvements in streets,
bridges, sewerage, public Utilities, parks, and other municipal works.
It was reported that the city is constructing all public improvements for
which money is available and that the Board of Education had sold $5,000,000
worth of bonds for building and that plans and specifications were coning
through daily so that the school building program will be under way at the
earliest possible time. The secretary was instructed to find out the true
condition of the Public Library building and of County bridge and road construction. Mr. John G. Dunes presented a written recommendation that the
Committee approve the exemption from taxation of newly built workingmen's homes
during the period of the depression, for a period to be fixed by the Committee.
This was referred to a subcommittee.
Every effort should be made to provide real work by stimulating industry.
Meanwhile, each industry should be urged as far as possible to keep together its
own force by giving at least part time employment.


It was reported that the Federation of Labor had asked contractors to put
Om at work part time and that in that way 90% of the men in building industries
are now employed. It was reported that the Employment Managers Group of the
Chamber of Commerce are considering two or three plans to rotate working forces
and that some industries are trying out one or the other of these plans.
Committee went on record approving recommendation "5" and instructed the secretary to gather information as to the extent to 'which short time employment is
practiced and to bring this recommendation to the attention of employers.
In these every
In some cities "Spruce-up" campaigns have proved good.
one is urged to do at once whatever is needed in the line of sprucing up his
property. This applies both to public and private owners of property, to small
householders and flat renters as well as to large companies, hotels, theatres,
It should be made clear to all that money spent in this way, stimulating
the regular activities of industry, will help to reduce unemployment far more
than any .other aid.

This recommendation was approved and the Committee went on record requesting
the Mayor to send out letters through the State-City Free Employment Bureau
urging everyone to do necessary repairs rt once.

Y. It is important to strengthen and increase the resources of the local
family welfare agencies which are best prepared for effective service, and to
give them vigorous supoort in order that they may deal promptly and adequately.
with the needs of families and individuals. The burden of meeting these needs
should be borne not by a selected few but by many. Provision should be made
for maintaining the usual facilities for the homeless, and for the relief of
poverty arising from sickness, from widowhood, from mental or physical handicaps,
in order that these may not be a complicating factor in the problem of unemployCities that have municipal lodging houses or other adequate provision for
the homeless man find that this makes possible differentiating the two problem
of the resident and floating unemployed, and enforcing regulations against
vagrancy and begging.
It was reporteu that c146,260 has been appropriated this year for outdcor
relief or three tires the ordinary appropriation. It was also reported that the
Azsociated Charities had extended its capacity for lodging the poor from 100 to
500 beds for this year. Mayor Fitzgerald urged that the Committee support the
Community Fund campaign in its drive for relief this fall to the fullest extent
and the Committee unanimously agreed to his request.
Consideration should be Tiven to the practicability of keeping Children
in school as long as possible in order that they may rot compete for the insufficient number of jobs ad also that they may profit by additional schooling
and the postponement of the beginning of wage earning.
It may be
to give scholarships to minors beyond the compulsory school age, and the public
schools have provided special vocational training for them so that the period of
unemployment may be used to equip them for better positions.

The Director of Vocational Guidance of the Board of Education reported that
a new state law had gone into effect on August 26th providing that work permits
may be issued only to children sixteen years of age or over and that if children
between the ages of sixteen and eighteen are out of work, no work permit can be
She said that every effort is being
issued to them and they must sta.- in school.


.made to round up all juveniles who are illegally employed in compliance with
this law.
The Committee went on record requesting the Board of Education to
co-operate as much as possible in keeping children at school as long as possible
in order that they be not. employed on Work needed for adults.
It must always be remembered that an unemployed person needs work,
first and last, and that the community should relax no effort to find work for
him,. regarding other aid only as a temporary measure to be superseded at the
earliest possible moment by work. The community should be able to handle the
situation in such a way as to make bread lines unnecessary. Each community
should remember that hunger and want must be relieved, and it should always
be prepared to take whatever measures may be needed to prevent bunion suffering.

The Committee heartily approves of recommendation "9" and will bend every
effort to comply with it.
In order to do effective work it was decided that the
secretary's office must be augmented and an organization set up to secure information and act upon it. Such organizations as the Chamber of Commerce, the Chamber
of Industry, the Advertising Club, and the Automobile Club are to be asked to
furnish temporary secretarial and clerical help to carry out this program.
Hartford, Conn.

Hon. Newton C. Brainard, Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Emergency
Unemployment Committee of Hartford citizens writes:
"The features of the work here are as follows;

The appointment of an Emergency Unemployment Committee by the Chamber
The membership includes representatives
of Commerce at the request of the Mayor.
of all the social and leading civic organizations, with an executive committee
in active control.
The committee serves RESID:RTS OF HARTFORD.
Preference is given to those with families and children in the schools9
or to those with dependents, and to ex-soldiers.

Registration is made with full information as to previous employment,
with such incidental information as naturally arise--citizen, length of time in
country, etc. (In more than 30 cases it was quite naturally learned.. tha-La child
would soon be born and all were referred to the Babies' clinic and received

Four types of jobs were procured;
Permanent--these are casual--factory, farm, watchman, etc.

Temporary jobs from the city--at half day $1.75 for five hours-grading in parks, schools, construction of aviation field;
total appropriation, $37,500.00.
'Pick-up' jobs--the result of the work of a telephone committee.
of women who solicit jobs--cleaning, painting, window wash7
ing, etc.

-7 -

'Emergency' jobs--the work supplied by semipublic institutions e.g. Hartford Hospital, St. Francis Hospital,
Old People's Home; the pay coming from a citizen fund
raised by appeal through letters--amount to about
"Nearly 3,000 jobs have been furnished in these ways since May 1.
"We have found that 3,700 men have been registered; 24.9% were born in
the U. S.; 50% have resided here over 5 years; 9% have resided in the U. S.
less than 6 months; 7% have resided in the U. S. 6 months to I year; 67% are
married men.

"We have found that 4,098 children in the schools of Hartford are affected
by their parents' lack of employment.
"We have founC considerable misunderstanding of the situation in that many
people thought only 'foreigners' were out of work; that only bums and unemployable were out of work; that most of them were men with high wages who squandered
their wages.
"The conference at Washington with the publicity attached has been of help
locally in making plain that the situation is serious--that it affects the whole
country and that it le important that SOMETHING should be done."
Dayton, Ohio.

Mayor Switzer's Committee on the Unemployment Situation believed that in
order to secure the maximum support of all organizations interested, a pooling
f interests was necessary. To that end a general city commission was selected,
composed of one representative each from the City Commission, the County Commission, the Board of Education, the Chamber of Commerce, the Community Service,
and all civic organizations engaged in relief or employment, or who expected
to undertake any of t1-is work this fall and winter.
For legal reasons, an Executive Committee composed of a representative from
each of the first five major functions was selected by the General Commission
and has organized by the election of a permanent Chairman and Secretary. This
Executive Committee is representative of all the people. It will appoint
necessary sub-committees from the members of the General Commission.
The present Associated Charities will function as the Central Relief Registration Bureau. This together with the Bureau of Free Legal Aid and the Division
of Health consisting of medical and nursing service, food inspection and sanita.tion,achool examirations and laboratory vhich are already a part of the City
Welfare Department, will, it is hoped, cause the employment and relief situation
in Dayton to be well centralized and controlled.


The general relief ,.7ork will function (1) as to single men and transients;
(2) family care and (3) school children. If necessary a possible central
purchasing control will be maintained through the office of the City's Purchasing

ro cash '1,11 be distributed for the purchase of food in Layton. In all
cases of necessity, groceries will be ordered and paid for, but in cases where
labor can be obtained in return, this will be demanded. The labor will be used
on public work.
The City Government has already issued one-half million dollars with which
to continue public work. ro jobs will be given to transients or to anyone not a
citizen of Dayton.



October 27, 1921.

My dear Mr. Mayor:

The inclosed letter from the Director-General of the
United States Employment Service is self-explanatory.


is sent to you so that you may be informed as to just what
help the Federal Government can give to your city in case
you have, or wish to start, a public employment office.
Very truly yours,


(4) In any state in which no employment system exists, sufficient
funds to employ a trained worker through the emergency period is to
be granted to the municipalities operating and financing an employment office satisfactorily.
If any municipality which has or contemplates establishing
an employment office, desires to cooperate along the lines here outlined,
it is requested that they communicate with the Director General, U. S.
Employment Service, Washington, D. C., for the purpose of establishing
There is enclosed a list giving the
direct cooperation in this work.
names and addresses of the heads of the State Employment Services, who
are also the Federal Representatives in the respective states.

Francis I. Jones,
Director General.


October 259 1921.

of the

Oliver (Sr.Exam.):
John D. Patty
T. A. Wilson
John P. McLaughlin
: Carl DeLochte
: Hon. WM. S. Hyde
Joseph H. Odell
Robt. Livingston(Supt,
H. M. Stanley
W. C. Lowman
Thomas Riley
A. L. Urick
J. H. Crawford
:V1 C. Hanna
: Henry Cucullu
E. Leroy Sweetser
: Perry J. Ward
Hon, J. S, Williams
H. M. Quinn
WM, H. Lewis
: Frank A. Kennedy
Lewis T. Bryant
New Jersey
Henry D. Sayer
New York
North Carolina
M. L. Shipman
J, N. Hagan
North Dakota
Geo. F. Miles

Dist. of Col.

H. E.


















Rhode Island
South Dakota

: Claude E. Connally
W. H. Fitzgerald
Geo. H, Webb
Chas. Nteaffree
: Marvin Duncan
E J, Conway
W. C. Carpenter
R. D. Knutson






335 City Hall
121 N. 2nd Ave.
129 A State Capitol
933 Mission St.
305 Customs Blg,
State Capitol
6th & Market Sts.
1410 Penna Ave.
318 State Capitol :
116 N, Dearborn St:
State House
114 Court House
State House
Capitol Big.
626 Maison Blanche:
469 State House
306 Owens Blg.
612 Bremer Arcade
City Hall
11 N. 7th St
State House
State House
120 East 28th St. :
State Dept, Big.
Capitol Big.
Old Hartman Hotel
Building :
State Capitol
501 Court House
57 Weybosset St.
















Oklahoma City
Sioux Falls
: Dallas
: Richmond
: Madison


Chamber of Corn.

106 City Hall
5 City Hall
326 Federal Blg.
State Capitol

Little Rock
San Francisco
Des Moines
New Orleans
St. Paul
St. Louis
New York City



October 259 1921.


Colonel Arthur Woods,
Chairman, Committee on Civic and Emergency Measures,
President's Conference on Unemployment,
Department of Commerce,
Washington, D. C.
My dear Colonel Woods:

I have your letter of October 21st suggesting that the Conference on Unemployment send to the Mayors of all cities of over 209000
population, a brief statement of what the U. S. Employment Service could
do to help in case they should start local employment bureaus.

A-recent conference with a number of state employment officials and others interested in public employment activities, adopted the
following plan of cooperation for the Federal Employment Service in connection with emergency employment bureaus:

In any state in which an employment system now exists or may be
established, all Federal empAyment work should be carried on through
the State Official responsible for the supervision of public employment work within such state; by making available for all cooperative
offices, however,financed, the franking privilege and also blanks aridstandard forms.
Furthermore the Federal Government should make
available office equipment, where such equipment is now the property
of the EmploYment Service and is reasonably accessible.
In any state in which no State Employment System exists or may be
created, the Federal Employment Service, in the discretion of the Director General, should be expected to assist in establishing any office in any locality which will satisfactorily finance the undertakAng, maintain responsible standards of work, and cooperate with other
offices; such assistance to be limited to trained guidance in installing the office, in addition to the franking privilege, blanks,
forms, etc.
In the event -that4congress grants the appropriation of 400,000
for emergency empl.wment purposes, which was recommended by the President's C-onference on unemployment, the Federal Employment Service
abload make available, through the State official, a limited amount
pf money for the purpose of employing only competent workers in any
new offices which the local community or the state may finance and
support satisfactorily.



November 2, 3_921.


My dear Mr. Mayor;

Inclosed is %,epopy of the recommendations

of the Sub-Committee on Employment Bureaus of the President's
Conference on Unemployment.

It is sent to you in the hope that

it may be found useful in the work of finding jobs for people
needing work in your city.
Very truly yours,



Washington, D.C., November 4,


My dear Mr. Mayor:

On October 21, I sent you brief accounts of methods used in several cities
to meet the unemployment emerency.
In the hope that the experiences of other


communities may be of further help in handling your local problems, I am sending 3',-)11
today a short story of Detroit's problem, and the plans used to solve it, al 0

outline of the plans in use in Poughkeepsie, N. Y Milwaukee, and Seattle.
Very truly yours,

Detroit, Mich.

Reports of the Employers Association of Detroit, March 13, 1920, showed that
79 factories included in its membership employed 200,765 workers, or what amounted
to about two-thirds of the working population of the city.
In September, 1920, this
nuMber averaged 180,000.
Then reduction, through the effect of a vanishing market,
began, slowly at first, then so rapidly that in December, for the week of December
29, 1920, these same factories reported only 25,339 wage earners.

This represented almost a complete cessation of industry, but from that point
reconstruction was gradual until the high point of 118,497 was reached in May, 1921.
On September 29, 1921, the Employers' Association reported 115,975 wage earners on
their pay rolls.
If these figures may 1e used as a basis for the entire working
population, it means that from-a. total working force of approximately 300,000,
Detroit diminished in December, 1920, to 38,000 and has recovered now to approximately

Detroit did not require to be prodded into action by long lines of hungry men
and :women besieging the City Hall for aid. Through the courage and foresight of the
City Government, the problem of unemployment relief was handled quietly and promptly.
Through an open letter addressed to all members of the Board of Commerce and
other employers, various methods of taking care of the unemployed which have since
been indorsed by the President's Conference were suggested by Mayor Couzens.
included the rotation of pay roll, cutting down of hours and working days in order
to take care of the largest number of men, and preference given men with dependents
and those with established records.


Public works offered another field for employment although there was considerable feeling on the part of the unthinking that because the industrial depression
most of these construction projects should be postponed until prices had been reduced.
Some decided courage on the part of the Mayor and Common Council was necessv.
to speed up instead of postponing these construction projects.

A clearing house for city employment was established by a meeting of the heads
of all city departments called by the Mayor. During the first two months after
October, 1920, 12,000 men registered for work and during the first year 38,000
applied for employment.
During the first year of this employment bureau, nearly
16,000 men/placed in paying jobs of which 12,000 were on city work.

Relief for the unemployed was begun in November, 1920, and the pressure of
applications for assistance grew steadily as the situation became more severs. A
large proportion of the wage earners had been sufficiently thritty during high wages
and prosperity to have accumulated savings to tide them over but as the unemployment
period lengthened more and more jobless were forced upon the city for assistance.
To handle this job it became necessary in January to divide the city into five districts with five separate offices and a large number of investigators. Further
appropriations for relief were obtained in 1921.
Up to to-day the Common Council
has appropriated emergency funds to the extent of $1,750,000 for relief of the unemployed; 32,000 families have applied for assistance and relief given approximately
22,000 families.
During March nearly 13,000 individual families of unemployed were
assisted at a,cost of over $300,000. During Septerdber the number of families dropped to 4,186 at a cost of $120,000.


All of this relief work
done through regular application and investigation
of each with the issue to worthy families of food orders on stores in the city for
supplies. The relieved in each case is asked to register and take work as can be
Medical relief is furnished in the same way, all of the different relief
activities being coordinated and functioning together and in harmony. Each man
relieved is asked to refund the money advanced to him when he can and forms and
records prepared to keep track of these agreements.

Relief for unattached men has been provided by means of a lodging house and
The City
restaurant known as the City Barracks with capacity for 285 lodgings.
Barracks furnished, while in operation, 2,000 meals, twice a day.
It was closed in
Also private
June and will be reopened should the need again present itself.
restaurants were organized by ex-service men and labor unions for which the city
provided provisions.
The system of registration and follow up prevented duplication
of feeding.
Detroit has not solved its unemployment situation.
On October 27, it was
estimated there were 'between fifty and seventy-five thousand unemployed. But Detroit
believes that it has satisfactorily provided for the problem of unemployment relief
and the needs of the destitute among the jobless and their dependent families. As a
whole the plan of unemployment relief has met with the approval of employers, of
labor, of the unemployed, and-Paaxpayer,
By rotation of jobs in private industry,
by extension of public work, by judicious placing of needy men at .public work, by
concentration of relief activities under one organization, by a dignified plan of
assistance and by work tests, tie hardships of unemployment have been palliated.
The city government can not prevent unemployment. That is a problem of economic
management, but it can and it should alleviate, as wisely as possible, suffering
among those of its citizens who are involunatrily jobless.


Milwaukee, Wis.

The principle points on which the Milwaukee plan is based and is now working
appear in the recommendations of the committee named by the Mayor and the Associati
of Commerce.
This organization was at work before the ?residents Conference adjourned and the following paragraphs are taken from the committee's report.
"The committeels first thought was of employment rather than the question of
relief for the unemployed.
This is the more optimistic side of the situation ana
more conducive to return to normal times.
"With this in view; Ne turned first to public works and a careful survey shows
many projects can be started almost immediately. This will insure much employment.
Milwaukee is fortunate in being so placed that much public work can be started with
little delay. The county and city authorities are evidently anxious to cooperate.
Some Obstacles present themselves and these are noted in our report. Efforts
should be made to eliminate these as we feel nothing Should be allowed to stand in
the vay of progress under present conditions.
We urge that all questions pending
under the zoning and city planning acts be expeditiously settled as far as possible.
Delays may hold up work that might be immediately undertaken. In no case should
advantage be taken of the present situation to put over anything that would, after
the emergency has passed, be detrimental to the city.
This is a matter that should
be handled with great care.

"Your committee has made a survey of private building enterprises in contemplation or have been started and for some reason have not progressed. We propose that
investigation of each project be made in an endeavor to (1) find out why it
is not going ahead; (2) see if aid can not be offered which will facilitate matters.
By this we hope that much private building will be carried along this fall and winter,
After a thorough investigation the committee does not hesitate to recommend that now
is the time to start building.
There is every indication that present costs are
lower than they will be next spring.
"Householders and owners of buildings of all kinds should undertake at once
It has been suggested that a campaign
to this end be inaugurated by all civic organizations, possibly the proclaiming of
October as "improvement month"- might tend to induce people to have this work done
repairs, minor improvements, paintin,7.7,


"To determine whether employers should adopt part time employment-that
have more employes on the payroll but work each emnloyee fewer hours or days - a
questionnaire has been sent to each industrial group asking for facts on this and
other employment sUbjects.
"The committee had referred to it two suggestions that certain firms were short
of working capital and if this could be remedied more people could be employed.
are unable to find any concern or employer that has been unable to get funds, where
credit was justified, and we believe that there is nolii-mthe conference can do that
is not being done by the banks in the city.

0 co




"Many suggestions have been made that elaborate plans for the registration
of the unemployed Should be undertaken by the Association of Commerce and the
city authorities. The committee considers any new registration would be a
duplication ofsffort. We recommend extension of the activities of the State
employment bureau to permit a more comprehensive registration of job seekers
and employers. Te recommend that the Association of Commerce issue a circular
letter to its membership explaining the facilities of the state employment
bureau and urging its use. We recommend a publicity campaign in the local
press so all those who are seeking employment will appear in person to register
at the State free employment bureau. Also all employers in need of workers
will register at the bureau.
"The committee feels that the worst service the general public can render
in the present situation is to reduce their normal expenditures and withdraw
from the market. Excessive retrenchment at this time should be avoided. The
public should continue spending on the usual scale, avoiding excessive luxuries."
Seattle, Wash.

From the recommendations of Mayor Caldwell's Committee of Unemployment,
which were the basis of the Seattle plan, the following paragraphs are quoted:
We would respectfully suggest that you should lodge full power in a strong
and able executive committee of, say, six members, of which you should be the
Each other member Should be chairman of a subcommittee, the size and
personnel of which should be left to his or her judgment. The division of
activities to be decided by the executive committees.
"In general
in other cities,
promoting public
centralizing all

the work of this couimittee, like the work of a similar committees
would divide itself somewhat as follows: (1) Subcommittee for
works; (2) subcommittee for promoting employment in industry;
for centralizing all measures of relief among unemployable;
for assisting women to find employment; (5) subcommittee for
employment agency activities.

"Thissexecutive committee in recognizing and assuming this public responsibilit
should discriminate sharply between our own citizens and those of other communities.
In this connection we recommend that you establish a system of registration and
investigation, a form of clearing house, in order to eliminate duplication of
effort and to stabilize the activities of the various organizations engaged in
this class of work.
If possible, we believe the Public Etployment Bureau the
logical agency to handle this matter.

Statistics of unemployment are confessedly inaccurate. We believe that the
centralization into a common clearing house of all organizations performing this
particular class of work will at least, as far as the city of Seattle is concerned, enable us to have an intelligent understanding of the actual number
needing work.

"This Clearing House shuald regularly have published the natbers dependent
upon them for employment, that the community may be apprised of its responsibility,
ITo recommend that public construction such as is possible to be performed
during the winter months, as sewers, water mains, grading, building, park work,
an paving be advanced. That contracts be entered into for all pending improvements. We have mild winters in the city of Seattle and such public work should
be done in this season of the year. If the cessation of work during the winter
months means that large bodies of men will be thrown out of work and possibly
become a public charge, the economy in cost does not appear evident as viewed
from the standpoint of the pUblic.
"We recommend that private work of all kinds, such as construction of homes
and buildings, advancing repairs and alterations contemplated, clearing lands,
care of yards, heavy housework, be performed daring the winter months. Your
subcommittee on industries should make this in part its division of labor.
"We recommend that all agencies of every character, be enlisted in a concentrated, intensive movement for the purchase of Northwest Products. The increase
in the purchase of all lines of merchandise locally manufactured will add many
men and women to our pay rolls and materially reduce the condition of unemployment.
It will farther encourage manufacturers and industries from other sections to
locate in this City and State.

-Me believe that employers can materially relieve the unemployment situation
by one of the following suggestions:
(1) Part time work, throu
rotation of jobs; (2) as far as possible, manufacturing for stock; (j) taking
advantage of the present opportunity to do as much plant construction, repairs,
and cleaning up as is possible.
"The first of these suggestions will probably be resented by both employer
and employee at first. Yet it folms a considerable part of every report on unemployment received by your committee and should not be turned down until given
careful consideration.
"We condemn bread lines and soup kitchens as unnecessary, undiscriminating,
and debasing. We realize that in times of industrial depression there came intc)
the community a horde of men from other locations who are attracted on the
assumption that conditions will be found better here then the place they leave.

-6"'We, therefore, recommend that all encouragement poseible be given to the
proposed wood yard to be inaugurated by the Millionaire ClUb. We belie-4e that
this institutim should be operated with a view to meeting the problem of the

single man, the transient, and the unekilleakez. win the hope of esablihing
the following objects: To have a place to whch our citizens can send the man

appealing either on the street or at private residenees, where if he is willing
tD work, he will be placed in the position tt,'p,.i.rehase wholesome food, sanitary
accommodations and a place to sleep through the efforts of his labor and thereby
maintain his self respect and independence.
"Some reflections of a general character may not be out of order.
citizens Should have it called forcibly to their attention that cash without work
is of doubtful value; that preference must always be givea to men of a family;
that relatives Should recognize the duties of kinship; that Churches, lodges and
benevolent and philanthropic agencies generally be asked and expected to care for
their own; that employers be urged to recognize their obligations to pat the
principles of humanity to the fore, retaining as many men with families, ana
continuing to keep their factories running as long as possible; that employers
likewise approach the winter not in a state of panie, complaint 02 suspicien.
Landlord should be urged to leniency with honest leaseeheiders; tra _desmen
should discourage reckless buying and extend credits whea necessary and possible;
householders should be encouraged to cleanup arid repair. Let us not say there is
no work until every vacant lot in our city is freed of unsightly material; women
should be encouraged to enter houses as maids at more reasonable price levels."

-o -


November 22, 1921.


My dear Mr. Mayor:

IN 511E-


Inclosed is a corrected copy of the report of the

Subcommittee on Employment Bureaus of the President's Conference on Unemployment, which I hope may be found useful in
the work of finding jobs for people needing work in your city.

Please substitute this report for the incorrect copy sent you
under date of November 2.

Yours very truly,

Chairman, Committee on Civic and
Emergency Measures,
President's Conference on Unemployment.




December 2, 1921


Mr. Benjamin Strong, Governor
Federal Reserve Bank
New York, New York
My dear Sir:

In acting as a clearinghouse of information, we
are gratified to note the large increase in public building,
and public works generally, during the latter part of 1921.
The example of the Federal Reserve Banks in proceeding with
their ne&essary construction seems to have been contagious.


7111 you be kind enough to inform us when the
contract for your Reserve Bank building was let, its present
approximate pRrcentage of completion, and whether the work
is being, and will be, actively prosecuted during the Tinter


The .normal seasonal recession in man: lines during
January, February, and March superimposed upon a period of
unemployment of considerable duration urges the Conference to
encourage other public authorities in the belief that a small
increase in general construction now, which might ordinarily
be deferred until spring or summer, would be of great assitance In stabilizing industry and employment.

Very truly yours,


Committee on Civic and Emergency Measures





December 6, 1921.


My dear Mr. Mayor:
We are sending to you under separate cover a copy of Collier's

Weekly for December 10th which contains an article yry Mr. Whiting
Williams on the work of the President's Unemploy6ent Conference.

Mr. Williams seems to be particularly well qualified to write such

an article in view of his work as a day laborer, an account of

which he gives in his book "What's on
that you will be interested to see


he Worker's Mind."

I feel

article and hope that it

may be helpful to you in the wor/yin your city of trying to meet
the situation created by the

usual amount of unemplo

Yours very truly,

Chairman, Committee on Civic and
Emergency Measures,
President's Conference on Unemployment.





December 7, 1921.

Benjamin Strong,
Member President's Conference on Unemployment,
15 Nassau St.,
New York, N.Y.

My dear Mr. Strong:

We thought you would be interested to see the inclosed
report which has come to us describing the effort that is being
made in England to form a definite organization of the unemployed.

This is a confirmation of the reports we have had that in England


the responsibility has been put squarely on the Government to maintain people who are unemployed.

The situation created from this

seems to be growing worse and worse.

/ Very truly



Chairman, Committee on Civic
and Emergency Measures,
President's Conference on Unemployment,

1 incl.


November 18, 1921.

There has been formed in England a National Administrative Council of
Unemployed, which seems to be a definite organization made up of the unemployed
Some idea of its activities can be got from the following instructions which
were sent out to all committees for the "week of national agitation":
"All Unemployed Committees are to make definite arrangements
that the deputatiens anti demonstrations on Thursday, October 13th,
should be simultaneauslyat the hour of 3.00 p. m.
"No Committees must allow their efforts to relax after Thursday,
but rather, if possible, they should increase the agitation, not being
content with more assurances or meet half-way proposals by the Local
Authorities, but cut for the main essential and definite object
"Don't attempt to stand on ceremony with' these people, if they
are antagonistic, refuse to see you, or may be on holidays, just give
them to understand that you. mean business. The time and day for
It is now three years after
constitutional action has long past.
the Armistice and our numbers are still increasing. IT IS NOT THE
to be said that the clergy are the only people who believe in and
Let us get a little ofthe Vint Laughland
developed in our action, there will be no doubt then whatever as
to the presence of the unemployed.

The London unemployed, in the last report that is available, were stated
to be planning to make attacks on Town Halls and Public Libraries for the
purpose of obtaining wintr quarters. The London District Council of the
National Administrative Council of Unemployed has also discussed further action
on the lines suggested by Cant and Elsburv to their members who are of the
opinion that demanstrations in mass ihauld be discontinued, proposing as an
alternative that each district should supply 20 or 30 resolute men and make
raids and pester the police in different localities as frequently as possible.
Cant says that this can be done but that in the case of mobs such as those that
assembled on October 4th the majority run away in a time of crisis.
Plans have been laid to move on the homes of people, the report being
"There are many big houses in the 7est End where the present occupier, who wear.
a very high cellar, is used to orlering his meals of green peas and etc. will
be surprised one day to find another man in his place at the table who will not
These will all enter the
leave the table until he has been given his food.
houses at a given signal and will leave at a given signal and if the police
are sent fore-well, a lot of damage can be done in a house of that description.'

- 2 Reports from all over England inaicate progress in the organization of
the unemployed and many committees have affiliated to the National Administrative
Council of Unemployed. "Out of work" had a circulation in October of 51,000,
The last issue, before the report was sent to this Country, contains the
following poem:

"To My Comrades on the Stones
"You are hungry, so am I.
Food we must have or else we die!
Now I've a plan we all can make Here it is--LET'S GO AND TAKE.

"There are houses and cafes swell and good
Full of good drink and full of good food There's Lockhartts, the Ritz, what's in
a name?
If we go and fill up, where is the shame?

"Letts have no valence, no hot air re only want to get our share.
So we'll take a seat and order the stuff
And we'll give lem our thanks when we've
had enough.
"Try it to-day--follow the plan;
Be ordered and disciplined every man.
You were taught in the Army to answer the call So stick all together boys, then we shan't fall.

"Walk into the show, sit down on a chair
And order the bast of mine host's fare;
But when we've finished--keep to the plan,
To the sound of the whistle walk out like one
"You've no need to starve whilst the food's
in the 1=4,nd,

You have fought for it, bled for it,
followed the band,
Don't let good stuff rot on the shelves,
'Tis the workers' own product; and we need
it ourselves.

"You fought just like heroes
Now fight Big Money till it
They smashed a few heads in
Sc fill up and get your own

in the Great Tar rolls on the floor;
rhitehall one week back, so to speak.

Arthur E. Titlay."

-3To show something of the organization of this Council, on September 22nd the
London District Council of Unemployed adopted the following constitution:

"That Area Councils be formed to cover the following areas:-

Camberwell, Battersea, Clapham, Deptford, Greenwich, Southwark,
Lambeth, Lewisham.
Bethnal Green, Hackney, Bow, Poplar, Shoreditch, Stepney.
Tottenham, Eimonton, Hornsey, Wood Green, Ponders End.
St. Pancras, Islington, Finsbury, Paddington.
(e)- Walthamstow, Stratford, Chingford, Test Ham, East Ham.
Erith, Dartford, Crayford, Bexley Heath, Woolwich.
Willesden, Hendon, Acton, Chiswick, Hounslow.
"Each Area Council shall he composed of representatives of Committees
in each Area, elected on the basis of one representative for every 500 members
or part thereof.

(3) "Each Area Council shall appoint a Secretary, Organizer, and such other
officials as may be necessary.

(4) "The London District Council shall be composed of the Chairman of each
Committee, and ONE delegate for every 500 members or part thereof from each


Washington, D.C., December 7, 1921.

My dear Mr. Mayor:

From time to time brief accounts of effective methods used in
various cities to meet the present unemployment emergency have been
sent to you with the idea that you might find them useful in supplementing your own efforts along these lines
Much that is encouraging
has reached our Committee, and I take pleasure in passing it along
with the idea that it may contain suggestions of value to you in the
work of reducin..; unemployment in your community.

Very truly yours,

Atlanta, Ca.

Acting on one of the suggestione of the Presidents Conference
on Unemployment, W.H. Johnson, City Warden, has formed a plan to increase the housinz facilities of the city and at the same time to
reduce the nnmber of unemployed. Mr, johnscn plans a "500 Club" whose
members will each pledge themselves to build a dwellin; for rental
purposes at a reasonable rent.
He believes that this will mean the
erection of 500 small homes in Atlanta before the end of the year and
work for hundreds of jobless men as well as the restoration of normal
renting prices.
_. _


Some of the things done by the Committee on Unemployment appointed by Mayor Peters are:
All Boston =Probers of the Associated Industries of Massachusetts
requested to stretch their list of empinyees by as many man and womon
as possible if for no more than two or three. Same request made of every
member of the Boston Chamber of Commerce.

When vacancies in the employment list have been reported, the
Unemployment Committee has urged that they be fillee_ frim the American
Legion or the State Employment list giving preference always to the most
meritorious cases.
The State Civil Service Commissioner urged to give preference
to the most deserving cases in selecting names of eligibles from his certified lists,

-2Advertisements printed in all Boston papers and messages
circulated through the Publishers Association calling attention to
the location of employment bureaus, askingemployers to increase
their number of men, asking builders to start mnstruction work
and asking citizens to start repair work now.
Advocation of the passage of a Building Tax Exemption Bill,
similar to that in effect in New York.
-Advocation of the immediate placement of contracts now ready
for work in the Public Works Department.

The use of slicis in allmoving picture houses, urging people
who know of jobs to notify the Mayorts Employment Committee and calling,the attention of employers and individual citizens to the fact that
if each one would create a job for a man out of work now there would
be very little or no unemployment in Boston.
Rock Island, Ill.

In conjunction with the Mayor's organization of city officials
and city organizations working on the unemployment situation, the
Chamber of Commerce writes that it is "doing something no other city
is doing, that is conducting a campaign with a view of forcing employtent." Cards have been issued to any citizen taking a pledge to employ one man a week or a period of
weeks at the rate of
Another blank on
cents per hour for a minimum day of
he pledge is left for filling in the character of the work. These
pledge cards when filled in and signed are returned to the Rock Island
Welfare Association and Illinois Free 4loyment Bureau who find the
men and send them to the jobs.
New Brunswick, N.J.

Mayor J.J. Morrison writes that his Committee has selected a Field
Man, whose duties are to loot over the entire ,;ity in an effort to find
where work may be obtained ftr men willingto do such jobs as cleaning off
'lots, general repairs, house cleaning, painting, etc., that may give work
for a few hours a day.
Trenton, N.J.


Mayor F.W. Donnolleyts Committee has selected an executive group
composed of one member from 3ach organization in town working on the
This Committee is now engaged on a survey to deunemployment relief.
termine the number of unemployed and the classification of the same
according to their training and fitness for the relative branches of work.
This survey will be an extensive one and after it is completed the Committee
is confident that it will have the unemployment question bettered to a
perceptible degree.

- 3 -

East Orange, N.J.

Mayor C.H. Martens writes that his city is purely a residential one
and that it is handling individual cases of unemployment in a personal
way as they come up. The city has, however, recently prepared a classified
list of the unemployed and is urging the citizens to have such necessary
work as the cleaning up of yards and cellars, painting of buildings and
general repair work done at the present time in order to give such work as
East Orange is going to
possible to' those of the unemployed who want it.
st,rt a drive for the "Special sales idea" for the purpose of finding an
outlet for goods and thereby hoping to create a demand for labor in the
factories when:, the goods are icadp.
New Britain, Conn.

The City Government, during the past winter, took a census by a
filling out of questionaires, classified and indexed the applicants,
and established a city labor bureau which is still functioning and doing
Also, it acted as
good wok on the present problem of the unemployed.
a clearing house with the city charity department and different local
organizations, as the Red Cross, Charity Organizations, Boy Scouts,
the Soldiers7 Service Bureau and others, ascertainine what people were
Out of mirk and those who required aid and investigated the applicants1
circumstances as thoroughly as practical, also solicited information
from all the manufacturing employment offices, business houses and individuals regarding openings for those who were looking for employment.
It embraced
This office was put into operation about the first of May.
in its operation all city departments, such as, Water, Parks, Street,
Sewer and Building Departments for Schools, in securing places for people
who are out of work, as well as availing itself of all other chances.
A Service Bureau was also established to aid ex-service men in
securing assistance for themselves and family, as well as employment
when possible.
Only a small part of those who solicited work could be employed at
one time, so a weekly or semi-monthly shift wae made in order that there
should be a frequent change for nearly everyone except those whom it Was
found necessary from the experience of the foreman to keep in directing
the rest. This system has been in operation for nearly six months and
It affords
on the whole has proved as satisfactory as could be expected.
only temporary relief but it inspires confidence in the unemployed that
the local authorities are doing everything possible to supply their wants
and that they have their welfare at heart. 'The city authorities enlarged as far as possible work of a public character outside of the normal
or regular work and with that completed, in the process of construction




4 -

and further provided for, have authorized expenditures for the sum of
nearly $1,350,000 for the current year, in excess of the normal yearly
In thus furnishing work, care is taken to employ residents of the
place in preference to aliens or residents of other localities and when
these apply they are advised to return to their homes and be taken care
of there...
The city also has been to the expense of deporting quite a
number of foreigners who cax..-.0 in within the -last few months with the

expectation of securinggwork but instead became public charges.
In furnishing employment the most needy were employed and people
who had property and money were not furnished work:
As it became
apparent that many people with property were in nearly as bad straits
as those who did not have any, as in many instances they depended on
the workers for their incomes by rents, etc., arrangements were made
for these people to work out taxes that they owed the city, and in
some instances aided otherwise, and people with no property also had an
opportunity of working out taxes for others, part of the earnings
applying that way, so that thousands of dollars were turned into the
city treasury.
Quincy, Illinois.

Mayor OfBrien's Committee on Unemployment has taken the position
that the return of business industry to normal will be slow, owing to
conditions in foreign countries and has planned construction work of
a continuous character instead'of simply providing for the present
emergency only.
As a basis for action the Mayor's Committee has mapped
out work to be obtained for those needing work as follows:


Street Car Company,--Extension, repairs.
Gas Co.---Extensions, repaire.

Water Works CommissionExtensions.
Sewer connections, open sewers, covering, drainage.
Telephone Co.---Setting poles, wires.
Electric Light Co.---Setting poles, extending wires.
Telegraph Co.--- Setting poles, extending wires.
Filling ponds.
Fire Hydrants, setting.
Macadam for streetsStreet pavements actual or preparation.
Repairing sidewalks.

- 5

Park and Boulerard Association work.
State road work.
Soldiers i Home work.
Levee repairing.

Railroads--- Cutting hills, improvements, track extensions.
FactoriesDivision of time, ocoassional earoloyment, repairs.
Stores---Division of time, added help occasional employment,
window. washing, removing rubbish.
Public Utilities---Improvehients, repairs, added help.

Digging cellars, felling dead trees, cleaning allays, removing
rubbish, loading cars, cleaning cars.

IndividualsHome work, cleaning lawns, odd jobs, cleaning barn
lots, washing w:ndows, removing snow from sidewalks, keeping street
crossings passable.

Davenport, Iowa
In the organization of the greater Davenport Committee, a special
committee of three citizens, will keep an eye on public works improvement to see that money provided, through a bond issup for unemployment
relief, in used wisely.
This Committee consists of a citizen designated by the Chamber
of Commerce, another designated by the Labor Organization, and a third
selected by the other two,
Most of the work, including the seven projects underway in this
City, is cf a type which will necessitate considerable labor and only
a small portion of the money will go for materials.
If weather conditions
permit, it is hoped that these projects, straighteninz of a creek, the
erection of a nataScrium and the opening o.f.a numbef of streets, will
provide work for about five hundred men.
Cambridge, Mass.

Mayor E.W. Quinn reT)orts that the unemployment situation in the
City is bad.
Cambridge has endeavored for th3 past seven or eight
months to relieve the situation by giving men five dey4 employment
each month, the Civil Service rules in the State being' suspended for
that purpose.

In addition to this, the Mayor has endeavored in every way possible
to secure employment from manufacturers and others but; he report's,
that he is not having much success.

New York City
Commissioner Bird S. Coler of the industrial Aid Bureau in
writing of the or,;anization of the Employment Division says,
The City of New York has been divided topographically into
sections Which are assigned to the various field workers or procurement agents, and they in turn stay within these districts
and visit the various large employers therein. Procurement work
is also done by the registrars at the desks with employers already
known to them Whom they continually call by telephone when they have
persons of the type usually requested by such employers.
These calls
average about 250 a dey."
Everett, Mass.

Mayor Christopher Harrison, commenting on the Civil Service
regulations with respect to the unemployment situation, writes:
The difficulty we have found here in an attempt to give work to
the real needy is due to the rules of the State Civil Service Board,
requiring that each one be treated alike whether heads of families
or single men. When application is made to the Civil Service Board,
a certain number of names of elieibles for employment are submitted
to the Public Works Department, includin.7. single and married men.
"MY opinion of the Civil Service Laws is one of commendation in this
respect, - that it relieves the officials of cities of responsibilities
and the influence of politicians.
On the other hand, I have found that
many incompetent men have been placed upon the payrolls of the City and
after a trial they were found to be utter failures, and I refer to
classified labor. Just what the trouble is, I am unable to decide
but from the point of a professional man and Civil Ene-inaer, it does
seem as though the examinations held are not in control of competent
men with the proper fitness for the duty."
Springfield, Mass.


Kigit 114°'

Honorable Edwin F. -Leonard, Mayor, Springfield, Mass,eiewrites further
of the work of his city's unemployment committee, as follows:
"We have created an Unemployment Committee composed of prominent
men representing manufacturers and merchants, the labor unions, private
charitable organizations and others. They Itave sent our letters to all
manufacturers and merchants and all employers urging them to give work
to as many as possible even tho short hours. This committee is working
with the Free Employment and ether bureaus coordinating, report the most
Our Soliders Relief Commissio#er
necessitous cases to a central bureau.
volunteered to serve. All these cases and those received by the city for
Each case is investigated by
work or assistance are card indexed by him.
the Union Relief Association, a private chatitable association, who also
volunteered to investigate cases; They have a lot of trained investigators.
The worthy cases are reported back to the Soldiers Relief Commissioner.
The applicant if found worthy is given a card to the Superintendent of
Parks or Street Department who place him on a job at 40O per hour, five
hours per day or $12 per week."



New London, Conn.

Under direction of the Cum4.tity Service Committee, the Department
of Public Welfare and the Mayor's Unemployment Committee a plan has been
worked out whereby entertainments have been arranged in a local theatre by
local talent including the Salvation Army Band, vaudeville numbers, etc.
The Committee have tickets printed to sell at 15,s' each for this entertainment.
Each unemployed man is given 10 tickets to sell and he has to report back and pay for the tickets before he receives another ten. Of the
total sales made, each married man is given 50% and the unmarried men
33-1/3%. Before the date of the entertainment, the men have usually sold
out the house, earned on an average of $3. or $4. and been given an enjoyable and pleasant afternoon at the entertainment.








Washington, D. C., December 17, 1921.
My dear Mr. Mayor:
Better reports on the unemployment situation reach us, but this by no moans
Hard times and
must be taken as indicative that we may rest from our labors:
bad weather are both aheaa of us, and while conditions are Lzproved there are
centers where much remains to be done. In passing along to you these reports
from selected cities, we ask you please to ta4e them as suggestions which might
Point to the solution of your own particular problem ana to assure you that the
President's Conference on Unemployment feels that to hold on to the advantage
already gained will require much earnest and workmanlike effort for the next
three months on the part of us all.
Very truly yours,

Aurora, Ill.

Mayor Charles H. Greene reports the appointment of a representative committee
of citizens for the unemployment emergency. He wi.ites as follows:
"7e have sent a letter to the clergy of the city, and are now preparing a
We have adopted for our slogan: "Let's
stmilar letter to all lodges of the city.
Put Aurora's Idle To Work.
Have It Done-NOW." Merc-hants and advertisers are
being solicited by the advertisinF: representative of one of our loading newspapers,
to insert this slogan at soma point in every ad they run, for the coming three
months, Which we believe will be the worst we have to combat in the una::nloyment
situation. This slogan appeared Sunday in about twenty ads.

"We also have delegated me::bers of our Committee to mention this Committee
and its object before the various lodges, at their next meeting. This is not
only true of the lodges but of the Kiwanis Cl'b and other organizations prominent
in our city.
"One of our members is working on a letter which di.11 be sent to all manufacturers of the city. We will request the manager of the Aurora Theatres Company,
today, to give us a slide, free, bearinq our slogan, to be run in all theatres of
the city, and feel confident our request will be granted. Needless to say, all
members are doing their utmost to interest all their business associates in this
laudable movement. Our main plea, as you will see, is to appeal to everyone to
'dig up' an odd job here and there, anything to help the men who are out of work."


Bayonne, H. J.

Following is an excerpt from the report of Mayor W. Homer Axford of
Bayonne, N. J.:
"I originally appointed a committee of 100 known as the Mayor's General
Cmheittee. This committee was made up of the heads of all local industries,
clergymen, business men, and the heads of charitable organizations. This
Committee on Unumnloyment,
general committee was subdivided as follows
Committee on Relief Organizations, Committee on Registration for Relief, Committee
on Reduction of Living Cost, Committee on Reduction of rents.
"Meetings were held and the situation discussed from all angles with the
result that an Emplozalnt Bureau was established with offices at the City Hall.
each case.
A competent clerk was put in charge and a comnlate record is made
Every person seeking employment registers at this office. Letters are sent to
the different industries advising them of this bureau and requesting that if
they nava any positions open to notify this bureau. When any of the industries
need .Eutvhelp or if any of the committee knov of any employment that is to be
had the clerk in charge of the bureau is notified and he in turn makes a search
of his records and selects from them the person e!ho he thinks could best fill
the position and most deserving. He then notifies this applicant and sends him
with a card to the employer showing by whom he is sent. This card ie then returned by the employer to our bureau advising us whether the person eent to him
was employed or not and our records completed accordingly. As the result of this
work a large number have received employment and many needy families have boon
taken care of by the Relief Committee."


Bristol, Conn.

J. Fray Douglass, Secretary of the Janufacturers1 Association of Hartford,
County, Connetticut, reports as follows:
measu7es taken to meat the unemployment situation, the Mayor
1-77.'3rsmcy Unemployment Relief ConnAttee which is attempting to
relieve the situation eomewhat by having all unemployed men and women registered
at this office.

appointed an


"Then for people :Lo may have od,L jobs, such as cleaning yards, carting
ashes, beatin-, carpets, cleaning house etc., they notify me ana I see that a man
or woman is sent. 7e feel there is a great deal of this kind of work that could
be done and are trying to bring the man and job together. A committee of women
are helpin;. out by canvassing from house to house to bring the need of such work
before the people and urging them to send in their wants."


Mayor Joseph F. Dutton writes as follows:
"The City of Bristol has experienced the same industrial depression as other
New England cities. Early in the summer it was realized that many people would
need small amounts of money and yet they had not asked for charity and should
not be placed on the pauper list of Bristol. As at experiment One Thousand
($1000) Dollars was set aside for the Relief Fund.
It was paid out in small sums,
the average being $7 each, although a very few received over $20. The borrowers
signed a note in favor of the city to the effect that if the same was not paid
within reasonable time the borrowers would finally be classed in the pauper list.
It worked well.
Numerous people were benefited and a few have already returned
the loan to the city.
Of coarse the great majority have not, but they expect
to and it keeps them off the pauper list and they retain their self respect.
"An emergency relief committee has been appointed by Mayor and City Council.
The committee is efficient.
It is working through a central employment agency
of its own to help secure work.
It also works to prevent duplication of charitable gifts endeavoring to distribute charity in proper manner and to make sure
that none suffer.
"The Chamfer of Commerce has cooperated with city officials throughout and
some of its members are also serving on the Emergency Relief Committee.
"There is also a Manufacturers Association as well as a Foremen's Club and
both these organizations are working in harmony with the relief committee.
"The City of Bristol has a large high school building under course of conAbout 200 men are employed on it.


"The street department has kept large force of men at work. It maintains
a three day shift and new men are being continually added. A card index is
maintained. The street department has spent $35,000 for additional work to
keep unemployed at work.
"Our city has population of 20,600 and every hind of public improvement
has been started to keep men at work.
"One Hundred Thousand Dollars has been spent on new fire eciuipment, of
which $65,000 was spent for houses, labor and work.

"The conditions here are somewhat better. More men are gradually getting
a fox days work although the approach of cold weather with short time in the
factories works for hardship. 7e are all working together in Bristol."




The Manufacturers Committee of Mayor Couzenst Unemployment Conference at a
recent meeting decided to comuunicatia with all local manufacturing concerns and
to make the following suggestions to them for relieving the present uneaployment

That preference should be given to former employees with dependents, the
degree of preference being based on the need of assistance.
That in employing women, the order of preference should be widows with dependents, married women with dependents, single women with dependents.
That enplcyers should shorten hours rather than discharge men if the
necessity requires lower production.

That employers manufacture for stock as largely as possible.
That employers arrange to have such odd jobs, repairs, rearrangement of
machinery, etc. done during the present winter.
Houghton, Mich.

President R. H. Shields, Houghton, Mich., reports as follows:
"Replying to your letter of December 6 relative to what is being done here
in Houghton to relieve the unemployed situation, would say that during the season
just closed employment was given to practically all the unemployed on the highways of the county, which relieved the situation greatly.
"All those who can give work to any one unemployed are reluested to do so.
Quite a few find emoloynent in the lumber camps during the winter season.
"The Houghton Chapter of the Red Cross is caring for the needy ex-service
men as far as their funds 'permit. In addition to this the Salvation Army collects clothing for the needyeamd distributes the same. The women of the town
are organized into sewing circles and make wearing apparel for the poor and
each member of one organization contrdbutes two articles, new at stated periods,
such as shoes, stockings, rubbers, etc."


Houston, Texas.

Mayor Oscar F. Holcomb
of Houston, Texas, reports the appointment of a
committee on unemployment as recommended by the President's Conference. This
committee has communicated with employevs generally to secure as much co-operation as possible and re:juested them to reauire applicants for positions to present the card of the free employment service maintained by the city, thereby
getting as full registration as possible ;af the unemployed. Mayor Holcomb


"The Committee approved the proposals of the Mayor and City Council to
provide public work during the winter months at a low rate of pay.
The amount
fixed was one dollar and twinty-fire cents (0..25) per day. It was intended by
this arrangement to make it possible for everyone desiring work to be doing
and earning something. In case this was not found to be a living wage, it made
it easier to supplement from the relief funds than if the men were doing nothing.
It was considered inadvisable to pay a higher rate for the reason that Mexicans
would be attracted in great numbers to the city, which would defeat the plan.
This work was started about two weeks ago and the number of laborers varies between two and six hundred. The good workers are drawn out as 4uickly as possible
by the Minicipaa Service and placed in regular positions at standard rates.
Those who refuse the work are taken by the police as vagrants.
"The plan is working very well. A labor reserve is maintained, from which
eaployers are daily drawing out considerable numbers. The hoboes are discovering
that this is alosed season for them in this part of Texas."
Portland, Oreg.

The Mayor's Conmittee of Portland, Oregon, has secured the Northwestern
Steel Ship Yards and has ecuipped this place for the floating unemployed. They
are housed and fed, and e,irn their board by working in the wood yard run there.
A barber shot, bath and launtry are run in connection with the plant, which is
planned to house all of the uneaployed that may be in the city during the winter.
Able-bodied men who refuse to work for the small sum that each costs the city A shoe shop is also planned
are sent to the rock pile and taken care of there.
Clothes and underwear are also patched and put in
where shoes will be repaired.
good shape. Married men have first call.
To keep this burden from falling on the taxpayers, the committee secures
discarded clothing and waste materials of all kinds and sells them in order
that the situation may be handled without taxation or drawing on any of the
city funds.

-SSyracuse, N. Y.

The Secretary of Mayor Farmer's General Committee writes:
" We are particularly fortunate in Syracuse in having a well equipped,
centrally located, and properly manned Employment Office which had been functionLag for about six years. 7 The State Industrial Commissioner very promptly offered
the services of this office in any way that it could be of assistance. The
Committee, therefore, unanimously designated the State EMploymat Office as the
Clearing House for all employment work, and the office has been most successful
in carrying out this work..

"We have received the utmost cooperation from Chamber of Commerce, the
Manufacturers Association, the Social Organizations, such as the Rotary, Kiwanis,
and Optimistic Clubs, as well as from several women's organizations.
"The Chairman of the Committee has also appointed a Publicity Committee,
and thru the efforts of this Publicity Committee, we have every bit of news publicity, that any newspaper could give an organization. All three of our daily
papers are backing the proposition, and show every day on the news page, a box
containing the list of openings for botn men and women which are on file at the
Clearing House.
"Through this ' Ommitteels efforts, a letter has been sent to each minister
in the district, outlining the work, and enclosing a copy of the resolutions,
and the ministers have been talking about the situation in their sermons on
Sunday. Every retail and 'wholesale concern has also had a personal letter urging
them to mPhe known their wants, whenever they need any type of worker thrtLthe
Clearing House. The manufacturers of the city are only hiring their workers
though the Clearing House, as a result of a personal letter, which was sent to
each manufacturer by the Chairman of the Colnidttee.
The householders and real
estate people, contractors and material dealers have all been appealed to, to do
every bit of repair work and bpilding, which has been put off, or is to be done
in thernear'future, at once, and this appeal has mat with a generous response.
The-municipality is going ahead with every bit of work, as far as possible."

Waterloo, Ia.

The_ city of Waterloo, Iowa, has approached the problem of providing relief
for unemployment in a most workmanlike manner, and, as a result, the situation
is very satisfactory. As a basis for its campaign it has adopted the slogan
"Give l% Of Your Monthly .Income." This is followed by letters to clergymen,
farmers, business men, and manufacturers, and cards have goneout with telephone
bills, gas bills and bank statements. Card indexes have been made of applicants
for jobs and employers who :need men. E. F. Ma,cDonough, General Chairman of the
Waterloo Relief and EMplovment Commission, has written to 1,!r. Hoover as follows:

"The plans and purposes of the commission which is organized according to
the suggestion of President Haraing's committee on unemployudent may be explained



Coordination---All agencies are coordinated and operated on a uniform plan
to obtain the best results with the least duplication of effort.
"Employment---A special colmittee is constantly searching for additional
employment possibilities, in fact civic improvements are being initiated by this
group in order to furnish additional employment.

"Relief---Is given to those who sham a willingness to work (provided they are
physically able) on the civic projects initiated by the employment committee,
Those physically unable are given direct relief.
"Finance---The plan for obtainiiiv funds with which to furnish relief is by
the process of inviting contributions from those who are still on jobs.
"Subscription blanks are furnished each ei:ployer and responsibility is placed
on him to secure the equivalent of one per cent of a month's wages or income from
each person connected with the establishment.".

The following circular has been sent to all employers in Waterloo:

"Heramith the subscription blank which you have anticipated for several days.
This method of raising a fund for Relief and Employment activities in Waterloo
should appeal to you since you are expected to be responsible for your awn establishment only.
"We make the following terse suggestions as to

thods of handling.

"As head of your establishment assume responsibility for this subscription list.

"Start the list byentering your own subscriPion.
"See that all your'associates and employees understand tnis community
spirited plan by which those who are lucky. and have jobs give one Per cent of their
monthly income to help take cAre of the unemployed and their faTilies.

"Four :antte Speakers may be

ad by telephoning 4300.

"Have every employee participate.

:.Tost of them are waiting for the


"Sand us your chock before November fifth for the total amount subscribed in your establishment. Collect from your employees at your pleasure.

"Honor rolls of establishr,lents participating
be published.

"Do you remeLler that, "Keep the HaLu

onu hundl-ds per cent will

Fires BurriinOSpirit which helped

us to be a sympathetic though determined people during the war?
that on this subscription. You will got results.

Try so._-e of

."This plan is so sir:pie and requires so little of you, the co=lission is
satisfied that you will not fail in returning an early one hundred per cant


COMearleC7E ON CI V.C;

t*att. ngton, D. C., December 19, 1!:)21.
My dear Mr. Mayor:

The New York World has started a campaign with the1oii,

For a Christmas

Give a j31)


The suggestion was the result of an extended inaleiintoethe unemployment
situation and the response was, to quote The World, °both' immediate and heartening."'
A letter was sent to a selected list ef New York business men. By return
11 firms supplied positions for the heads of l familiesalmost 100 persons.
These jobs represent a weekly cash overturn of about $45O, or $25 weekly to each
of these families.


Nineteen other employers have offered 134 other Christmas gift jobs, and'
await suitable candidates to fill them.
Two paragraphs from the letter sent by The Irorld


"The World, in its tarn, will undertake to bring to your employment
manager the heads of families in question, certificated as to their
worthiness by some established agency like the New York Community
Service, the Brooklyn lareau of Charities, the Hudson Guild or the
Salvation Army. They will be classified, so that if yaa can, for
illustration, use a billing clerk a driver will not be sent for your
"With Christmas only a week away, you can get action quickest by teleto The World, asking for the Christmas Placement Bureau, and
giving full data covering the job, or jobs you've decided to give away
just because of the season and the need. As acceptable nandidates are
installed in the eighteen positions already offered. The World will
take pleasure in adding the names of other firms to the list given above."


The world acts merely as a clearing house and proposes only one condition,-that every candidate must be actually bread winner, for a group of dependents
and that he or she must be in genuine need ef employment.
This is merely a swegestion to you, Mr. Mayor, with the idea that the plan
may be passed along to newspapers in your community who might be willing to
co-operate with ou in your efforts to take care :if your own needy workers.
It is almost-too late to try the plan for Christmas, but why not give a thought
to similar action for New Years q Yoa will find most newspapers very cordial
in any such holiday campaign, and your Committee, might use this idea with

Very truly yours,


rlashington, D.C., December _37,3.9;31.

My dear Mr. Mayor:


With the holiday season now wound up there is bound to be a drop in employment because thousands of people taken on as extra helpers during the Christmas
rush will now be let go by retailers everywhere.
In addition, cold weather is
-upon us and outdoor activities will be curtailed to the minimum. So, we are
almost certain to find that our efforts to get work for the jobless All have
to be redoubled.
This does not mean that the situation has not been bettered,
for good judges seem to feel that the improvement in the industrial situation
which has been marked in the country for the past few months will continue.
As time goes on, however, and as winter causes extra expense, more and more of
those who have been out of work for many months will come to the end of their
resources and have to be taken care of. For many this will be the second
winter without a job.
All of us, therefore, will have to be eternally vigilant
if we are not to take a backward step in this nation-wide campaign to relieve
unemployment and distress.
I am sending you some interesting excerpts from letters received, with
idea that perhal,s they may be useful to you in casting up the situation for
your own comunanity.

Very truly yours,

Akron, 0.

E. A. Zeisloft, Director of Public Service, Akron, Ohio, has something
to say about out-of-door work in the winter, in this
We have been awarding contracts practically every week for the past
six weeks. This work is being pushed as rapidly as possible in order to
give employment to as many men as we can during the winter months.


"We experience very little
in this section with cold weather
interfering with sewer construction, and are usually able to build sewers
during the winter months."


-2Chicago, Ill.

The outgrowth of a meeting in Chicago, was the formation of a permanent
organization, the Chicago Conference of Unemployment, of which Willoughby G.
Walling was elected Chairman, and Abraham Bowers, Secretary, An Executive
Committee was appointed to investigate conditions and map out a program of
The Committee cf Social Agencies, W. S....Reynolds, Chairman, turned in
some recommendations which were approved and a Procurement Bureau was
established for which funds were secured from the Industrial Club and the
Commercial Club of Chicago, through the efforts of Mr. Walling. The money
was sufficient to maintain four experienced employment solicitors, supplemented
by one clerk, and three additional solicitors furnished by the Department of
Labor of Illinois.
Chas. J. Boyd, General Superintendent of the Illinois Free Employment
Offices, writes as follows:
"Other activities for procurement of opportunities was the announcement
made in all of the churches in Chicago and suburbs calling attention to the
unemployment situation, with particular stress upon the advisability of
having contemplated work done during this crisis of unemployment.
"TO secure necessary publicity, Mr. Victor Lawson of the Chicago Daily
News assigned a special representative to our Service, not for the purpose of
gathering news for his own paper but to furnish seecial articles on unemployment to the newspapers in Chicago and vicinity.
"A visit was paid to the Chief of the Fire Department for the purpose
of interesting him in a house to house canvass under the direction of his
twenty-three battalion chiefs to compel householders to remove from their
premises, as a fire prevention measure, all combustible material and refuse.
This campaign is resulting in the creation of many short time jobs.
'The Woman's City Club. of Chicago under the leadership of Mrs. Joseph T.
Bowen, volunteered the services of that organization in procuring work for the
unemployed, and the city has been divided into thirty-five districts, each
in charge of a woman chairman, who devotes specified hours each day to the
procuring of jobs through their membership.

"All orders received through these various sources are placed with the
Illinois Free Employment Offices, co-operating with the U. S. Emnloyment
Sereice and are immediately distributed to our various placement divisions
for the selection of suitable applicants to fill same.
"Preference in employment is given to the married ex-service man and the
married residents of Chicago with dependents.
"All of the above co-operative efforts have been given wide publicity
through Mr. Beardsley assigned for this purpose by the Chicago Daily News,
as above stated."


-3'Dallas, Tax.

In the City of Dallas, Taxers, J. W. Everman, Supervisor of Public Utilities,
had a census taken of the entire population to ascertain their Church affiliations.
Out of a population of about 190,000 "only a few over a hundred"
disclaimed any faith whatsoever.

Mr. Everman writes:
"While this census was being taken, each householder
was asked if some special job of work, painting, carpentering, gardening or
cleaning up yard could be furnished the unemployed, and a record was kept of
the replies, with addresses, etc., and a large huabar of days of work secured in
this way, which are being distributed to the most needy.

"Our Mayor, who is working heart and soul in this, the same as he does
in all other work beneficial for Dallas, appointed a strong committee of
prominent man representing the various impoitant industries, business,
manufacturing, railroads, utilities, etc. and this committee meets twice a
week regularly, and is also subject to call, and is accomplishing a
great deal.
"The railroads, who always closely work with the Dallas authorities,
are accomplishing a lot, as they are putting on all the new work they can,
and increasing forces wherever possible.

"Our Mayor also appointed a coimittee on employment by the farmers,
the appointment including successful farmers who have been working in the
interest of Dallas County for years, and they are having their regular
meetings and accomplishing a great deal in the way of securing employment
for a number of applicants."
Fort Wayne, Ind.

From H. E. Bodine, Secretary of the Chamber of Commerce of Fort Wayne,
Ind., come the following:

"We published advertisments in the newspapers and asked those who wtre
not employed to send in blank'.
Between 250 and 300 blanks came in. These
were turned over to the employment agency and quite a number of them were
given positions by local industries and in other ways the situation was
temporarily relieved."

-4Kearny, N.J.

Fifty per cant of the applicants for employment in Kearny, N. J., have
been placed in steady positions, and a few more in temporary jobs, according
to a latter received from Montague A..Clark, Chairman of the Mayor's Emergency
"In Kearney we have established an employment bureau at the town hall
under the guidance of an Emergency Committee consisting of the employment
or personnel directors of the six largest industrial plants in the town.
"We have appointed a Superintendent of the Bureau, a local man who
was appointed primarily for the knowledge of the citizens of the town, of
the industries and their demands, rather than any ability to scientifically
place the human element in employment, This latter phase has been handled
by the advisory committees who have endeavored to train the superintendent
in the science of efficient selection and placement.
"The office is open for applicants from 9 A.M. until 1 P.M., and from 2
until 5 the superintedent covers the entire town with the help of various
municipal officers who have automobiles in an endeavor to secure positions
for the unemployed. He visits the construction of b'iildirgs, streets, etc.
the industrial plants, railroad shops, packing industries, etc. offering
the co-operation of the Bureau and seeking to learn precisely the calibre of
employees most desirable.
"We have also issued a letter to all employers in the town
garage owners, storekeepers, restaurateurs, and a large sention
best residential districts, who have odd jobs for furnace tender
clean around the house, etc., by the day or evening as the case

of the
man, to
may be.

"We have also advertised in the two local papers on several succeeding
weeks in a good display ad that employers should apply to the Municipal
Labor Bureau and that the unemployed should also register there. Such
expenses as have been incurred, and these are very small, have been borne
by unexpended appropriations for civic improvements."

Charles M. Babcock, State Highway: Commissioner of Minnesota, who
resigned as Regional Director of the President's Unemployment Conference to
devote his undivided attention to Minnesota's winter highway work, wires a
most interesting account of his State's program as designed to relieve
idleness and to spread needed betterment.

He say: "Minnesota winter highway worir. comprises gravel surfacing,
material distribution, rock crushing and heavy excavating. .Half our program
has been contracted for at 1917 prices, or $2,500,000. It covers 300 miles
of graveling, 50 miles of grading to finish April 1; also 50 miles of paving.
On a team basis, it is estimated jobs for 8500 men are now being filled.
Sled hauling and frozen routes are big advantages, and competition is now
keen for winter contracts."

It is pointed out that if Minnesota, whose average winter temperatures
are as low as any state in the Union, can do highway construction in the
winter months, than other states, wIth moderate effort, could Fo even
farther with any well considered prograo in order to provide work for the
Montclair, N.J.

Mayor Howard F. McConnell writes as follows:

"W6 established a Municipal Employment Agency under the direction of the
Mayor, and up to the present time we have been successful in placing about eighty
per cent of the applicants for employment.
We do not anticipate any s
difficulty in taking care of this situation during the balance of the winter.
"The two big women's clubs, all the churches and several other smaller
organizations have united in a canvass for employment. They are asking
every citizen to arrange to give some man a days' work now and then at
anything, and we feel with this co-operation the matter will be arranged
satisfactorily for all concerned."
New York City.

There are now 103 social agencies cooperating in relief work for the
unemployed in New York City. A central bureau of registration is being
formed amongst these agencies, which will act as a clearing house and will
allow one bureau to take up a case where the other leaves off. It also
aims to prevent professional beggars and loafers from taking advantage of
this situation to obtain food and clothing.
Pittsburgh, Pa.

Mayor E. V. Babcock says that public improvements, on account of the
foresight of city officials, are running 100% or 200% above normal.
He writes:
"The imrovements were well under way at the beginning of
this calendar year and were running at high speed during the following months
when unemployment was intense. To this, more than any one thing, we attribute
the success in keeping men at work. The contractors and employers were
requested to keep one or two men in each family on the payroll rather than more,
if there were more in the families, and to hire, to a large extent, those
living here and who had dependents on them.

"We have not advertised the fact that we did not have to resort to bread
lines because we did not want to attract unemployed labor from other points to
this city. Labor was reasonable in price, especially common labor, and
materials plentiful and reasonably low, all of which augured to the general
good of the cause.
"In addition to this, the citizens themselves became interested and I
think to quite an appreciable extent spent money that they would not have
otherwise spent had they not fully realized that there was dire need of-work.".


Poughkeepske, N.Y.

H.W,Dudd, Secretary of the Roughkaapse Oha'nber of
the following:

Commerce, has

iut forwar0,

"There is one suggestion I wolild like to make which I think should be
carried out by the City of New York or other large centers where unemployment
is of a considerable amount at this time
Wu find here through our Police
Department large numbers of men heading toward the bigger cities with the
idea of securing emplo,liment, and we are doing all that is possible in this
city to persuade them to go back to the town from which they have come. If
the City of New York would issue posters or notices of some sort to be posted
in cities adjacent thereto advising men not to come there for employment, I
Believe that we might be able to s,eer a large number back not only to the
town from which they have Come, hut to the farms where seasonable occupation
is using a large number, corn husking being a seasonable occupation, at this
I offer this simply as a suggestion to your Committee."

J. H. Hallstrom, Mayor of Rockford, Illinois, states that his city has
been very successful with its system which is, in brief, as follows:
"We have gone still further and perfected an organisation in each ward
of the city. We have two aldermen representing each ward, and they texa:Inamed
chairmen of the ward committees.
The ward ccmmittees have in turn organized
precinct committees, and are at the present time endeavoring to place a member
of this committee in charge of each city block.
"These committees are making a thorough canvass of the entire city,
collecting clothing, food supplies and other necessities.
result will depend entirely.on the effcrts, and I think I am justified in
stating that no stone is being left unturned.
"To nay mind the idea of ward oommittees is important, because through
such committees it is possible to obtain all the information needed and also
much needed supplies.. ..It also is more of a neighborhood affair; the members
of the committees work in the ward Where they live, thus saving a great deal
of time in going from place to ulace. It also creates something like
competition between the different sections of the city, thus. stimulating
interest in the work."

Of cour

Schenectady, N.Y.

There has been received from C. Hall Roosevelt, Chairman of the Executive
Committee of the Schenectady Unemployment Committee, an interesting report
of the activities of this Co,imittee. Among others suggestions it contains:
"The municipality has resuonded to an appeal for assistance by bond issues
designed to take care of public improvements, such as park work, wherever such
work had been contemplated as part of the civic development for the next
two years.
"Through a publicity campaign the existing charitable organizations
ax work.
have been accelerated in their re
"Furthermore, through a direct appeal to the citizens, potential employers
are being exhorted to place men and 'women at work whom they would not employ
as a matter of regular necessity, but in lieu of a charitable contribution
they are being asked to make work, -even though it might not be efficient.
"Daily reports from the Unemploymsnt Office are published in the
papers, reading as follows:Total unemployed registered to date
Total ,number employed an emergency
Public Works
Total number employed on private jobs
located through the Unemployment





"In co-operation with the Committee our City officials are intending to
enforce rigidly such ordinances as shoe removal on city walks within six hours
of the cessation of snow storms, which shall be done under city supervision
and charged on tax bills.
"On all public or private work we have found it very easy to obtain
contributions of tool and trucks or building material from the merchants
as their share in the unemuloyment campaign, whereas all cash contributions
and bond issues are limited to wages.
"There has been no general canvass for funds, and all publicity to data
has been in the form of soliciting jobs."


St. Paul, Minn.

A letter has been sent out to employers of labor in the State of Minnesota
and several other Northwestern States, to urge that building operations be not
held up any longer, and to convince builders and employers that prices of
building material have reached the low level, and that there is no further
reason for longer delay in contemplated construction work.
In order to help worthy people who are out of employment, a Church has
been secured and a new branch of the St. Paul Goodwill Industries has been
put into operation. This is being financed by the Community Chest, and is the
first move in an extensive campaign to increase tha scope of charitable
work there.
The Goodwill Industries solicit clothes, shoes, furniture, and other
articles which are repaired and then sold, the proceeds going to pay wages to
people who work part time, and in this way it is possible to secure labor
without interfering with the unionst standard of wages.
Wichita, Kans.

Mayor Wallace C. Kent, Wichita, Kansas, reports encouragingly as follows:
"7e have been holding up some of our public work awaiting the situation
which now exists in the employment of labor. We are now commencing to do
some of this public work and we are dividing the work among the resident heads
of the families of the city, dividing the work up so that each man will be
supplied a few days work each weak."





D. C., January 7, 1922.

My dear Mr. Mayor:
AG a result of these brief bulletins a large number of valuable suggestions
have come in from widely scattered localities, showing how intelligently and
helpfully certain communities have attacked their own problems of unemployment.
Unfortunately, as soon as one situation is cleared up, another looms on the
horizon, for as winter weather becomes more severe, outdoor employment becomes
less and less, so that the man who has work this week may find himself jobless
Spring is a good three months ahead of us, and until then we must
next week.
So, if
relax no effort that could help to provide work or relieve distress.
you can find anything in the following suggestions which may be of use to you,
we shall be very glad to hear from you or your representative, as to just what
has been accomplished and how.

Very truly yours,



A bond issue of $490,000 war authorized by the City Council of Toledo, Ohio,
The Toledo City Journal has the following to say concerning
on October 10, last.
the results:
"The first gang of men employed with those funds was put to work on
They worked until October 31st when an entirely new gang was
October 15th.
There was some variation in the time employed because additional men
The payroll for the first
were hired from time to time during the two weeks.
names and the total of the checks for that period was about
shift contained 375
The wage paid to these men is at the rate of 50 cents per hour.
These men were paid
'A second shift was hired from November let to 15th.
off this week. They numbered 1,090 and they received an aggregate pay amounting
to $42,426.35.
On the l'a-th of this month, last Wednesday, SOO new man were
employed for a two-weeks' shift.
"The men who have been employed have been drawn from two principal sources;
namely, the list of men registered with the emergency placement office through
the engine houses, and the men who have applied for poor relief and Who have been
found by the Social Service Federation to be badly in need of employment.

"On Wednesday of this week, a total of 2,300 men had registered at the engine
Of this total 1,175 had been given jobs, chiefly temporary, and almost
Of this nuMber some 250 had registered as skilled workers
entirely in city work.
and the remainder as unskilled.

- 2 -

"The work that has been undertaken hao been chiefly such as could be done
by unskilled labor without spending Large sums on materials and supplies.
"The work was undertaken at this time of course in order to relieve in
some degree, the unemployment situation. It was recognized, however, that work
should be chosen which would yield the greatest permanent results as well as
judged from this point of view
giving employment to the greatest number of men.
the work appears to have been well chosen."
ATLANTA, Georgia.

Each member of the Employers Association has agreed to take on from 1 to
5 more employees to relieve the unemployment situation. This step alone will
give employment to about 1,000 of the jobless.

The City Commissioners of Birmingham, Ala., have secured a large building,
equipped it with heating apparatus and supplied a large number of cots for
people who have no place to sleep.
On the following morning those
slept there during the night can bathe and get breakfast, and wherever it is
possible the city furnishes employment sufficient to compensate for the lodging
and bieakfast so furnished. The Sa2vation Army, with its limited equipment,
takes care of as many as possible each night and tarnishes them with breakfast
the following morning, and it, too, requires that the person so furnished shall
The Red Cross
do a small amount of work to compensate for the accommodations.
and several of the churdhes are doing everything possible to relieve those in
immediate distress, and in every instance where it is possible to secure a job,
if even only temporary, that is dons.

The American Legion has just recently opened up a soup kitchen and temporary
sleeping quarters for ex-service men, and those at the head of this undertaking
say that they will take care of all ex-service men out of employment, and will
undertake to secure emp:loyment for them in order that they may not become a
burden to the city and community.
CHARLESTON, South Carolina.
Governor Coeper, ef South Carolina,ha.s made the Young Menls Board of Trade
the official organization for Charleston. J. Gilmore Smith, Secretary, reports
that it has obtained employment for more than 1,200 men. An authorized report
reads in part:

"From the record on file in the secretary's office it is disclosed that
1,123 of these men were ex-service men. Every day from 30 to 40 men apply at
the board of trade .for employment and practically all of them are veterans,
though young men, of the late world war. Ex-service men have begun to look upon
the Young Mn'es Board of Trade as their benefactor and in seeking positions they
naturally appeal to this organization.



"There have been many cases where ex-service men have been down and out
and upon applying to the board of trai:e for help in obtaining jobs, have
also been given immediate assistance, the secretary's office obtaining sleeping quarters for them at the Salvation Army, the city mission and other
charitable organizations, and also supplying them with meals until such time
as the organization Could place them in good jobs, that being accomplished
within a few weeks."

CHICAGO, Illinois.

The Prepared Roofing Association of Chicago has started a campaign to
relieve unemployment by means of odd jobs. This is an outline of how work is
being created by means of this campaign:
Fix up your back fence.

Build the sleeping porch you have been talking about.
Cover your splintery floors with hardwood or maple flooring.

Lay a mosaic tile in your bathroom over your old flooring now
very cheap.
It will not cost much to wall off a play-room in the attic for the
little folks.
You can make an extra room in the attic with wall board and give your
maid and yourselves more freedom.
A lot of plaster, cement work and roofing can go on in the winter

COLUMBIA, South Carolina.

After making a study of the recommendations from the President's Conference
on Unemployment, the Mayor's Committee drew up a series of 19 recommendations
which were publiShed in the local press and distributed freely to employers.
The City Council appropriated money for the municipal registration office to
take care of the men out of work, while the Young Women's Christian Association
looked cat for the women. A letter from V. C. Dibble, Secretary-Treasurer,
Columbia Builders Exchange, reads in part as follows:
"The YMCA, YWCA, Red Cross Service Station, and Builders Exchange were
designated registration offices, and citizens were called on to get in touch
with them.
Publicity was given through the newspapers to the recommendations
of the emergency committee as to repairs, renovations, remodeling, cleaning,
and other odd jobs.
The ministry was appealed to through interviews with the
Chairman, published in the papers, to urge their congregations to co-operate
with the committee."

'A successful feature of the Committee's campaign is the posting every
of new building permits SO that men out of work can consult them and apply
for jobs with the least possible loss of time. As a result of all these
efforts of the Mayor's Committee, the situation is reported as "not acute."
Mayor C. L. Barewald of Davenport, Iowa,. writes:

The City of Davenport issued a bond issue of N475,000. This money is
Same is giving
being used to make permanent improvements throughout the city.
These men are alternated every two
work at the present time to about 4OG men.
weeks, so up to date we have furnished work to approximately 1,320 men."
DETROIT, Michigan.

Regional Director Ferry K. Heath, whose district includes the State of
Michigan, writes that about 7,000 colored men came to Detroit during the
automobile boom following the armistice, and adds:
"Any of them who desire can obtain free transportation back to the South.
Any person unemployed in Detroit can obtain sufficient groceries, coal or other
necessities from the City Unemployment Bureau and pay for same by three or four
days work each week on various municipal projects. The rest of the time they
are supposed to look for permanent emplormlent."
EAST ST. LOUIS, Illinois.

Mayor M. M. Stephens encloses an interesting circular which was sent to
every employer in East St. Louis by the Emergency Committee on Unemployment.
Headvarters were established at the city hall and it was announced that no
salaries would be paid or cash collected for expenses. With the circular
went a postal card of which the following is a copy:





Women, White, on
Women, Colored, on
Men, White, on
Men, Colored, on
Duplicate this request each week until further notice?





An excerpt from the circliar reads:

Tel. No.


- 5 "We appeal to every merchant in the City of East St. Louis to give
amplowmant to either a man or a. . iiman at :,.east one day each week during tha
wintot mor4hs. Te believe that you oDuld use either a ran or woman in addition
to your regular help in the capacity of general clean-up in and around your
establishment. This will give employment to Lany men and women who have a family
to support.

"We will try to select either a man or woman, as per your request, who
will give to you value received.
"Remember, every day's work that you give to the unemployed you are helping
to provide food and clothing for the little ones at home, and in return you are
receiving a day's work.
"Please fill 0-it the enclosed card and put one cent on same, or call
headquarters. Teams and wagons will be furnished you by headquarters at a
reasonable price for hauling ashes, rubbish, etc."

KANSAS CITY, Missouri.

Recently Kansas City put on a charity drive at which time approximately
This money
$290,000 was subscribed for the various Charities in Kansas City.
is handled by the Chamber of Commerce and has been available since December 1.
It is distributed by the Chamber of Commerce among the various charitable
organizations, such as the Salvation Army, Helping Hand, Red Cross and other
similar organizations.
LOS ANGELES, California.

The Mayor's Committee on Unemployment, appointed in conformity with the
request of the President's Unemployment Conference, is actively at work, and
have sent out 7,500 letters to the firms and industries in California who employ
The Public
labor, asking their assistance in placing more men in industry.
Employment Bureau of the State of California, the principal medium through
which they are working, reports a substantial and gratifying response to this
appeal. Besides these letters, a bulletin has been sent out to 2,000 ranchers,
advertisements are being ran in the newspapers, appeals are flashed on the
screen in moving picture shows, and 4-minnte speakers are appearing before all
public assemblages and meetings, explaining the unemployment situation, and
urging the placing of the unemployed.
Authorization for the appointment of 275 new police in Los Angeles has been
This will, of course, help residents and citizens of Los Angeles, but
will not relieve the conditions of transients. However, the Mayor and Chief

of Police have announced that the resident clause will be waived in favor of
ex-service men who are applicants for audh appointments.
MUSKEGON, Michigan.

This city was farsighted enough to prepare for the present depression, as
City Manager Ellison writes:
"One year ago to-day the City of Muskegon called a meeting of all the
charitable organizations, civic clubs, etc. to work out, a plan to care for the
unemployed. At this meeting it was decided to put on a drive to create work, to

- 6 sell public work to our local citizens, and thereby create as much work as
At the same time, investigators were employed by the Welfare Department of the City, to investigate each case, and an employment department was
Each applicant for employment was carefully investigated, and if found
worthy and in need, was given preference on the list. Those Who had some money,
or could care for themselves, were not placed on the available list.
effort was made to employ just enough in each family to care for that family.
Religion, politics, etc., were entirely eliminated.
"The city was very successful in selling a considerable amount of public
work, and co-operation from the public at large was better than expected.
However, before we got our machinery in operation, by March 1, we had on our
list approximately four hundred faMilies for which we were caring.. The list
has gradually decreased to less than one hundred at the present time."
PHILADELPHIA, Pennsylvania.

The Engineer's Club, acting in co-operation with the Industrial Relations
Committee of the Chamber of Commerce of Philade3phia, and the Mayor's Unemployment Committee, has started a campaign urging its members to proceed at
once with such work as they have in contemplation, with the idea that business
can be revived on a reasonably safe economic basis, thus relieving the existing
unemployment. It has made the following recommendations to its members:
That contracts for new work which is in contemplation for next year
be let at once, wherever possible, and that contractors be requested to place
orders for materials and supplies at the earliest possible moment, in order.
that the manufactarers of such materials and supplies may proceed with their
production daring the winter.
That the bankers of the city be urged to co-operate to the greatest
possible extent with those having work in contemplation, to the end that
financing may be arranged expeiitiously.
That the Mayor and Councils be commended for their activity in promoting public works, but that the Committee believes still farther advantage
can be gained toward permanent improvement by prompt advancement of the great
city projects for which funds have been made available, or appropriated, such
as the bridge, the new system of subways, the program of schoolhouse building,
the art gallery and similar public improvements, the South Philadelphia improvements, etc.
That as a basis of relieving the unemployment crisis, as well as from
patriotic motives, the Sesqui-Centennial be put at once into the condition of
practical promotion by the selection of a site, the appointment of the necessary
preliminary personnel, and the preparingof definite Plans for the project.
That those in charge of both private and public work use special
endeavor to so arrange their projects that, as far as possible, work upon them
can be prosecuted through the cold months.

. ITTSFIELD, Massachusetts.

Robert G. Nash, Manager of the Employment Bureau conducted under the
local Chamber of Commerce, started the registration of applicants on
September 12, and he now writes as follows:
"Since the opening of the office a progress chart has been plotted weekly,
showing the totals of the number of jobs received, the number of men referred to
positions, the number of positions filled and the number of men registered. In
this way we were able to note the effect of each of our effee-ts along this line,
such as, advertising in the local newspapers, talks before local clubs and so on.
These carves show that our efficiency increased at a regular rate until the first
of November, from which time the efficiency carve, While sttial increasing, is at
a much lower rate than before that date.
This fact is accounted for because of
the number of men we were able to place during the months of September and
October at garden work, assisting in house cleaning and Painting jobs.
November 1, the work which we have found has been raostly of a temporary nature.

"Some of the methods by which we have attempted to produce work has been
as follows: (1) Talks before the Kiwanis and Rotary Clubs, explaining the
situation, (2) Letters were sent to all the merchants in the business section,
explaining the fact that we had made a special file of those applicants who
have had. experience clerking in stores. These letters were sent out as special
delivery letters and were delivered by boy scouts. (3) Newspaper publicity
was obtained also through editorials."

PONTIAC, Michigan!
The following is an excerpt from a report of the Civic Employment Bureau:
"We are carrying on a continuous campaign through the local newspaper,
urging the citizens of Pontiac to make every effort to provide cbne days' work
for a needy man or woman.

This coming week we are making a general survey, using the school houses
as registration marters, in hopes of reaching the greatest number of unemployed,
in order to get some ideaas to what the situation is."
Four thousand letters reading as follows have been sent out:
TO THE HOME FOLKS OF PONTIAC:If you had no money--not even enough for tomorrow's
If you had no fuelnot even coal to keep your home
If you had no job of any sort, and hadn't had for a

meals for your family-warm tonight-long time-GAVE YOU A

There are men in PontiA: to-day in that predicament. They are men who
never knew want before.
They don't whimper or whine, but they are getting
desperate when they see their families facing suffering.

They want work--any kind of honest work, that will oring in money enough
to buy food.
It may be only a few hours' labor at odd jobs.
It may be cleaning a basement; or may be removing ashes; it may be painting
a floor; it may be any of the hundred odd jobs that need doing around most
To the home owner it means a few dollars spent on nscessary i.rqp.-oycments
Look around. Note what you have that needs doing.
Call up the CIVIC
A good man will be sent,--a worthy,
EMPLOYMENT BUREAU and tell what you need.
respectable man with children. A MAN WILL BE SENT WHO NEEDS THAT JOB.

You can help mightily.
PROVIDENCE, Rhode Island.

The Providonce Committee on Unemployment of IWnich Luther D. BurliGglizw
is alairman, after having a police censas taken ct the city, is sending out
literature constantly, keeping in touch with all employers, not only in Providence,
but in nearby cities.
A letter is sent to every person who takes out a building
permit, from which the following is an extract:
"We write to urge that if your operations are not already under way you will
take this favorable opportunity to make a start, in order to give employment to
some of the many men who are out of work and who express themselves as ready to
do anything for which they may be fitted, and at a reasonable wage.

"These applicants include laborers--skilled mechanicshandy men--etc. and
they need work badly.

"If your work is being done through contractors will you not ask them if
they cannot add some to their force by giving work to some of the unemployed?
The providing of such work at this time would in many cases mean keeping families
together and preventing their becoming a charge upon the community.
We believe
it would also give you efficient help under more favorable conditions than may
exist next spring, when the rush of building will be on.7

Another form letter has been sent to citizens generally, asking them to look
up odd jabs in their stores or plants.
Posters have been put um calling
attention to the odd-job campaign for which the Committee can furnish jobless







With reference to the work being done by the Mormon Church in Utah, the
following report has been received:
"At the Presiding Bishop's Office there is an employment department and
applicants are assisted to obtain employment regardless of creed or color.
This is operated without any expense whatever to the applicants. A large nuMber
of persons, both men and women, are helped to obtain employment through the
influence of the Church and the Presiding Bishop's Office. The authorities
of this Church, both general and local, are using every effort to furnish
employment. Every Bishop in the Church and especially in the State of Utah,
has been urged to interest himself, not only in finding employment but to make
There are in the
employment and to use his local influence for this purpose.
neighborhood of five hundred wards in Utah, presided over by a Bishopric of
three men, and these men are instructed to do what they can to ameliorate the
unemployment situation in his own vicinity. These same organizations are taking
care of distribution. There are no members of the Church absolutely wanting
for food, clthing and shelter. In every one of the 500 units there is a Relief
Society composed of mature women of that vicinity, who visit from house to house
regularly once a month to relieve poverty, especially among women and children.
This includes non-Mormons as well as Mormons. There is no distinction in their
work because of the religious belief of the people, but any person found to be
in distress is helped. The person does not have to apply to a center, but
the condition is discovered by the visiting of the Relief Society women from
house to house."

PUTAYEi Washington.
Work will begin in Ftbruary on a t50,000 sewer for Spokane, which will
give work to a good deal of skilled labor, as A. D. Butler, City Engineer,
"The work was brought about, to a large extent, to aid the unemployment
The Climatic conditions would not be unfavorable
to the construction of such a sewer in this territory."

in this locality.

SPRINGFIELD, Massachusetts.

Arthur E. Ball, of The Springfield Republican and Daily News writes as
"We are planning to run an advertising campaign appealing to the
employers to cope with unemployment. We plan to run some display advertisements
to take care of the publicity end of it and to give away 'Situation wanted'
advertisements to those out of work for a period of two months."

... 10 _

STOCKTON, California.

According to the Reverend Harley H. Gill, Pastor of the First Congregational Church of Stockit7on, Califernia, the Emergency Committee appointed by
the Mayor
as accomplished some things worth while." In an interesting letter
the Reverend Mr. Gill says:
"re have a very large number of transient laborers passing through
Stockton on their way from the east to the milder climate of California.
Committee has brought together the Salvation Army and the city recreation commission, who together have taken over an old athletic club and have fitted it
up in a thoroughly efficient manner.
Lounging rooms with light, warmth, reading
matter and glmeo are piovided by the recreation Commission. A lodglng and
eating house with shower baths and places for men to wash their clothes, mend
their shoes, Shave, etc. is being maintained by the Salvation Army.
"The men are limited to two days' residence at the place unless they are
ill and employment is provided co that each man works two hours for one day's
accoamodatien. Arrangements are made whereby the Associated Charities help
to take care of those who are physically unable to work.
"The committee has established six points of registration for unemployed
residents of Stuokton. More than one hundred registrations have thus far
been received many of which reveal critical situations in families. A public
appropriation has been made for a secretary for the committee who will devote
himself to publicity and who will conduct a clearing house for employers and
applicants for positions."

-O -


Washington, D. C., January 27, 1922.

My dear Mr. Mayor:

Reports to this office from widely scattered lodalities indicate that the
falling off in engloyment has not been so great as most people had anticiiated.
Ig general business conditions keep along about the same until qpring,
doubtless the situation will depend largely upcn the severity cf the winter.
There is no doubt but that the manner in which cities throughout the country
generally have organized to meet the emergency, has had and will continue to have
a very strong and mitigating effect. If it had not been for this potent factor,
those best fitted to know are inclined to think that there would have been, before now, many serious situations.
Very truly yours,


ATLANTA, Georgia.

James Morton, Executive Secretary of the Christian Council, Atlanta, Georgia,
"The sub-committee on Publicity secured a half-page ad in all three of our
papers (one issue) carrying a statement of the situation and urging the public
to create work for the unemployed, reporting such jubs to headquarters at the
City Hall for men, and at the YA.C.A. for women.
"A letter was gotten aUt to all of the pastors, and immediate results were
shosim the 'following week in jobs reported to headquarters, and in the beginning
of building operations by a local land company.
loynant Creation Committee secured an agreement from the local
Railway CoMpany to temporarily waive the injunction against the city in order
that the City might go ahead with paving certain streets.

"The Committee an Temporary EMployment got out a letter to the pastors
Urging the appointment of a lie committee in each congregation.
"They are working on Dlans for a central sewing roora, to be fitted out in
machines where those having sewing to be done may bring it and those women out
of employment who can do this class of work may find employment.

"We are now working out the details for a central loan fund to tide over
those who are deserving."



BUFFALO, New York.
The city empl oyls.en t agency for re turned soldiers, established after the war,

has been converted into a permanen.t industrial aid bureau for the benefit of
citizens, now being used as a clearing-house for the unemployed. It placed.
9,000 last year.
Buffalo expects to put 1,000 at ,.vork by reason of an appropriation of $100,00C
to be expended in public work, now before the City Council. The plan is, if the
appropriation is passed, to have the unemoloyed engaged in work three days a week.

COLUMBIA, South Carolina.

The following is an excerpt from the report covering three months work of the
city employment bureau of Colusbia, sent by W. T. Willingham, its manager :
"We have telephoned. and talked nersonally to more than two hundred business
These calls netted less
men since this office opened, trying to locate work.
than one dozen prospects at the time, but have resulted in many calls on us by
these men since and in this way we have been able to give work to carpenters, brick
masons, painters, plasterers, laborers and a few retail clerks. We have given
both white and colored men notes to different jobs :::roceeding in the city.
of these have _reported _work obtained, others have made no report and have not
We have put slides
registered again.
Doubtless some of these men obtained work.
into the theatres and. have kest up with the building permits and new enternrises
of the city.
We have apnealed to the ministers of the city for their cooneration.
Very fortunately we have only had to send less than a dozen -ones-alloyed men to the
Doubtless most appeals for
Columbia Associated Charities for immediate help.
immediate relief are made direct to the Associated Charities."

Irvin E. Deer, Executive Secretary for the Council of Churches in Dayton,
Ohio, has written a letter to the Reverend Worth M. Tinny, of New York City, of
the National Federation of Churches, describing the work. at Dayton, of which the
following s an extract:


".An unemployment Can.lissi on has been organized in Dayton, on which the following organizations are represented: The City Commission, the County Cosmissioners,
the Board of Education, the State-City Free Eszoloyment Bureau; the Bureau of
Community Service, the Council of Churches, and other civic organizations and
It is the desire and puns o se Of this commi s si on to pool the entire reagencies.
sources and centralize the administration in handling the tines:ploy:sent situation.
Subcommittees have been anointed; one to give its attention exclusively to the
securing of jobs, for after all, the fundarsental solution of the problen is to
secure jobs for those who are unemployed.. Another committee will look after the
This work will be done -oretty largely through the Associated
relief of families.
A coiasittee to have in charge the school child' en suffering from malnutrition is headed by the Superintendent of Public Instruction. According to the,
law in Ohio, it is not only -,::ermissible, 7-,ut mandatory, that the Board of Education


Another committee has in
see that children underfed are properly cared for.
This committee will use
charge the particular work of caring for the transients.
The chairman of this odbthe Salvation Army as headquarters for this work.
committee is Mr. Claude Burnett, who is the re:presentative of the Council of
Churches an the Unemployment Cemisaiaa. We are pleased that the churches have
been able to take such an active and useful part in these plans.
"Several individual churches have placed in their budget certain money to
be used during the coming winter for the relief of those families in their membership who may need assistance. Our great rroblem is to have such individual churches
cooperate cordially with our agencies in the city through the use of our confidential

The Mayor of Fort Dodge, A.E.Scott, writes as follows:
"A number of miners who were out of work have been worlting abandoned coal
mines, of Which there are a num.ber in the civinity.
As a result we see quite a
flurry in the coal business which I believe has done a great deal to reduce the
price of coal.
These men are making a living and getting quite a large amapt of
coal on the market."
HUDSOY, New York.

The following plan of activity comes from L.
Hudson Chamber of Ceauerce, at the re.luest of Mayor Galster:

S. Dougherty, Secretary of

PUBLICITY. Activity throu,h the newspx-ers and rosters, etc., to
the neonle of the community to the seriousness of the situation and to lay the
foundation for a drive for funds if such may be necessary.
we 'could also carry on the S....:ruce-IFD campaign advised by Col. roods.

SURVEY. Tnio committee will immediately get definite figures from industries
and others employing labor concerning their normal employment, the :percentage now
emriDloyed, and the nossibility for increase or decrease in emploTlent figures
during the ne:ct four months. The canaittee should then be in a 'position to rerort
showing the 2robable trend during the winter for increase or decrease in e7',Ioy,-ment and we can make arrangements to meet the situation if it should arise.

EMPLOYM*T. The committee to endeavor to secure a list of all onenings and to
The ca'_ittee
will then endeavor to Place men in these various jobs to the best advantage of
those so 21aced, ani to the cemunity as a whole.
list men who are or may be in need of el:.;:loy.;ent thror-;la the winter.

1.7111Agna6 The committee to raise cash or credit funds to relieve distress
if it is thaught necessary for such action.

RELIEF This cam: ittee to ::ass an any reriest for relief which may be received
and to prepare from time to time to give funds and other relief where needed.



-4MASON CITY.., Iowa.

The Mayor of Mason City, Iowa, A. H. Beecher, writes as follows:
"Over 200 men have registered for work at the Chamber of Commerce Employment
Bureau and there have been listed with them 164 jobs during the three months of
its operation. Ninety per cent of these jobs have been of short duration, but
have nevertheless helped to relieve a bad situation. EMployers of labor have
been asked and do, list their requirements with the Chamber of Commerce who
furnish men who have made their homes in Mason City for some time and who have
In that way they get the right men rather than giving the
families to sunport.
job to floaters or someone who it not deserving.
"Another thing which we de here which has a bearing an unemployment is the
formation of a confidential exchange through which information relati7e to all
In this manner the relief agencies of the
relief and charity work is Cleared.
city are enabled to do their work with the minimum of dunlication and waste.


"It has been found that in a city which did not have a confidential exchange
or similar organization that charitable and relief agencies are often times workThey
ing at cross purposes and that A large amount of their work is duplicated.
are thus handicapped and their funds are depleted more rapidly than they should be."
PORTLAND, Oregon..

as follows:

President of the Eastern andWestern Lumber Company, writes


"We are at the peak load of unemployment and, while the wood yard is Weing
care of a certain character of cases, family men are pretty well up against it.
"The Oregonian" is carrying on a very able campaign to induce home owners to
furnish employment, and the director of the Unemployment Bureau says that the
appeal met with instant response and over 1E0 men were sent out that weredirectly
attributable to this article.. "The Oregonian" is carrying an a daily 'campaign
and I have written the editor, expressing my appreciation of his action."
PROVIDENCE. Rhode Island.

Luther D. Burlinghame, Chairman of the Providence Committee on Unemployment,
has sent out a follow-up letter addressed to employers, in connection with
registration of men who have been on one job for more than two years.
letter is as follows:
"The registration of the unemployed taken at this office since October 39th,
1921, shows the names of some of your former being out of work,
The attached liet is for your reference.
according to our records.

"This Committee is fully aware that Considerable effort is being made by
employers to assist in reducing the number of unemployed, and it does not exeoct
the impossible to be attempted, but we are faced with a condition that may produce
acute suffering.





"The purpose of this letter is to remind you that the services of one or
more of your old. employes with whem you are acquainted. are available, should you
find, it nossibie to add. to your nresent force.
"Feeling sure that you will assist to the fullest extent possible by providing work where it is now lacking; we remains
"Yours very truly,"

Luther D. BurlInghame, Chairman

The following card has been sent to every emplc,yer in the city:


cum TTEE


27 Westminster Street
Telephone Union 1969..

Men qualified in every trade are registered. for work.
Their former cocirpat:.on is known, and. their fathily

conditions are fully investigated.
This Committee. is co-operating with most of the local
business and social organizations to reduce uner.rployment,
but it should. /mow of EVERY vacant job in order to do the
MOST good.

(File for Future Reference)

This card is interesting, for it gives an idea of the difficulties under
-which public employment bureaus have to work, because of lack of Conf±dence in them
of employers.
The card distributed by this Providence conmittee e74],afilzes that
-their men are qualified to work, that their foimer occu,9ation is lmowns and their
.fairdly conditions fully investigated.


This is just what would tend. to reassure the em,?loyer as to his natural misgiving.
He feels that there is
the part of a public
einployment office to make good
picking its men, whereas the private ems;loyment
in business by its success in

succeeds or fails



The Ways and Means C =Li t


no particular incentive on

te e,

Illinois, has submitted. an

of the Corn-al t tee on Municipal Unempl ,.,yrcent ,

exhaustive re.9ort to Ma,Vor P ,L O'Brien.

its most novel features is the plan to

build .5.') homes at cos'r.;,



employment not only to hundreds of men. directly, but indirectly to many others.
In brief it

is as


The proposition is to erect in this city fifty homes, of five rooms



the- actnal cost of construe ti on,

Plans have been prepared by five of the architects in this city who
are coeope,rating.

Each archir,ec;; will rrepare alteInative plans, ona for a house of brick, one
of contxete and. one of frame construction.

A purchaser of a home may have the choice of either of fifteen
plans or designs.

The architect who may have prepared the plan selected will supervise the
erection of the home,
There will be no extras, no deviation, no competitive bids.
Everything required will be provided for in the price named., according to the
style or plan the buyer selects,
The price to be established will be on the basis of actual cost of const,tuction.
Nothing like it has ever been offered in this c.ty. ...The builders, various
craftsmen and architects have uniteci in proposing to erect these fifty homes at

The low price will induce purchasers.
Lab or will find employment. Un.empl ayman t will largely be relieved.
will be able to keep up their establishments.

New homes, greatly needed, will be supplied.
and other enterprises will follow.

Builder s

The entire city will benefit,


A novel means of providing work is reported by Mayor C.,
Who writes:


0:yens, of Red Oak,

"In reply to yours of the 10th asking statements as to condition of unemployment in Red oak, Iowa, will repert that the county has opened a stem) cie,arry for
the purpose of securing stone to be used for baffles in ditches along graderl dirt
roads and aprons at ends of culberts.- This rock is being hauled te the lee-tins
-where it will be used in the spring thus getting away from the probabily o2 bad.
soft roads later and at the same rime providing work for those who de ri3I, have
anything to do at this time and. TIC doubt would have appealed to the coun or for aid
if thi s work had. not been provided. "


Mayor C.

Clarence Neslen, of Salt Lake City, writes the following:

"Besides having many of our local -men with families out of employmant,we
have a great many transients to be looked after; many going out to the coast and
returning therefrom.
We are caring for them through (dui- municipal wood yard.
"From the railroads, we have secured great quantities of old lumber and old
ties; from the telephone and electric light companies, old discarded poles; and
from other sources, we have secured quantities of wood, including trees..
material has been hauled to a convenient place in our city, to which point we
send men who are applying for temporary relief. We furnish them the necessary
equipment and shelter and. they saw and chop the wood and bail it, for a consideration of 25 cents an hour.
They do not receive the money, but are given a credit
slip for lodging at different cheap rooming houses and meal tickets at moderate
.oriced eating establishments.
"The kindling wood which is cut by the men is sold to the public and delivered
by the city organization.
The city furnishes also the foreman at the wood yard
and stands all incidental expenses.
Uar Charity Organization Society has thus far
furnished the wages for the men.
They are, however, at the end of their funds and
if we continue the wood yard, the city will have to meet this item, subtrauting
from it, of course: the amount we receive from the sale of wood.
"Through the press, we are urging our good citizens to furnish a day, or
.eart of a day's work to the unemeloyed - work around their basements or in their
yards, painting, or repairing, or cleaning up. The citizens are asked to report
their needs to the employment department, which organization is charged with gettin7
the unemployed and the.employer together."
SAVANNAH, Georgia,

From Savannah, Georgia, canes the following, from James T. Roche, in Charge
of unemployment work there:
91 are much obliged for the summaries recently received en What is being done
in other parts of the country.

"We have not been idle here.
Our men's committee is busily at work having
appointed sub-committecs to deal with certain phases of the unemuloyment situation.
A committee of thirty-six of the city!s most prominent women are now canvassing
property holders, businessmen, and heads of industries asking jobs for those who
are out of work and turning the responses in to the cityls employment bureau.

"At a full meeting of our Emergency Committee held yesterday in the Board of
Trade roams, Mayor Stewart was present and announced that he .was taking steps to
float 4 $300,000 bond issue and that this project would be submitted to the voters
of the city within the next ten days.
The members of the emergency comittee who
were present expressed unanimously the view that the situation was too grave to be
handled by any relief committee, no matter how efficitn."

-8WILLIA9FORT, Pennsylvania.

Albert H. Standish, Chair am of the UnarnloTaent Canittee in Williamm)ort,
Pennsylvaaia, writes:

"The greatest result has been obtained by our co-onerating with the different
agencies including the ministerial association end publicity an the part of the

newspanors in reference to giving a day's work to the unemnloyed.

"We have adopted about seven slogans, such as 1Give a Job to the Jobless,'
'Find a day's Work for the Unemployed, 'If You Have a Job, Help the Other Fellow
Get One,' etc., which have been given -i-xof;incnt publicity in our daily pr.-pors, and
the Merchant's Association membership have also included one of these slogmno in
their daily and weekly advertisement.

"The postal cards which have lately been distributed have been the yleans of


calling the conditions to the attention of the people and have resulted in placing
quite a few persons. We are still obtaining returns from these each day.
"At this tLue we are contmnlating an organized effort on the part of our
camAittee together with city officials of finding ways and means of raising
sufficient money to carry on the which can be put in progress during
the cold weeks."


Washington, D. C. F-truary 7, 1922.

My dearlr. Mayor:

Of late we have been receiving many reports from various
com=unities as to how they extend relief to the unemployed. This particular
bulletin is largely made up of different methods used to achieve the same
result - the tiding over of jobless men and their dependents through the
winter season, or until home industries can start up and normal local employment resumed.
I trust that some of these sucgestions may be of value to
you in your work in your own locality.
Very truly yours,


ALLRPTOWN, Pennsylvania.

Mayor H. W. Gross, of Allentown, says in part:
"The city is continuing all public work on sewers and the like regardless
of weather conditions and we expect very shortly to leave several new contracts
The manufacturers of our
to relieve, if possible, the strained conditions.
city are aiding us in every way possible by nortening their shifts and in
that way creating positions even thoughthey are not working full time.
have made a special appeal to the merchants and '::anufacturers to get under way
any repair work which thdy may have had in rdna for the Spring, especially the
remodeling of store fronts which has aided the building trades. We also have
a movement on foot for the building of new homes 'in order to give more employment.
Quite a nuriter of our citizens have assureL us that they will join in
this movement.

"In adaition to the unemploye we are receivin constant complaints from
workers whose wages have been reduce±, who insist that the living costs exe not
bein reduce a in proportion. Th,-; city officials are investigating the pricas
of all the necessities of life, especially bread, in an effort to help the


BUFFALO, New York.
Froif George C. Hillman, Secretary of the Department of Public Affairs of
Buffalo, comes the following:

"In order to help out the unemployment situation, the City of Buffalo, has
durin the month of January, 1922, appropriated the sum of $200,000, of which
$50,000 is to be expended for clearing the streets of snow and other obstructions
This will provide
and $150,000 for necessary repairs to various city buildings..
work for.a limited number of artisans.
"In addition to this, the city has several kinds of relief for needy persons,
such as hospital care, health center or physician's services, aged people in
homes. We have also what we call the budget system of,providin weekly paq;-,-4#t
to KiideJs Isaviri:, small children, and are found worthy of,havins these smallIthemr-

selves rather than receive grocery orders or the like from our Weltare DepartWe also issue orders, in the case that requires it, for groceries, for
shoes, for coal, for rent, and in addition to that, we frequently have donations
made of clothing and various other necessities, which we distribute as judiciously as possible.

"Last week, through the medium of the pUblic school pupils, each donating
a small amount of potatoes, onions, apples and other necessary food products,
the Welfare Department was able to distribute 1,200 bags to those dependent upon
the city for aid".
BUTTE. Montana.

From Wm. B. Daly, Assistant Manager of Mines, comes the following:
"During the early fall, the Butte Relief Association was incorporated for
the purpose of taking care of any needy families and single men who were still
living in the Butte District. This Association appointed what has been termed
the Administration Committee, of which the writer is Chairman, for the purposes
of carrying out this work.
"A drive to secure funds took place On November 8-9-10, 1921, during which
an-proximately $25,000 per month was subscribed by individuals who now reside
The 4oining companin Butte and by a few others who formerly resided in Butte.
ies thereupon subscribed $1.50 for every dollar subscribed by the individuals.
This made our total subscriptions well above $60,000 per month. Relief as
extended by the Administration Committee, consisting of groceries, meats, fuel,
wearing apparel, employment, housing and sickness, to a total of 2,500 families.
A restaurant was also established under the management of the Salvation Army
for taking care of single men who were without funds, and the expenses thereof
were paid by this Administration Committee. The meals granted by the Salvation
Army management were two -meals per day, consisting of good beef stew with several
kinds of vegetables, bread and butter, and coffee".



Helen W. Hanchette, Assistant General Secretary of the Associated Charities
of Cleveland, says:
"We feel that one of the greatest achivements in the community program has
been a lack of harmful publicity which would create applications from our own
residents due to panic and draw to Cleveland people from other cities who would
be dependent upon us".
DALLAS, Texas.

The following are excerpts from the report entitled "Meeting the Unemployment Situation; Dallas" by Alecia I. Brown, Director of Public Welfare, Dallas:
"Carrying out the recommendation of the National Unemployment Conference,
Mayor Aldredge has appointed a committee to act under the direction of the department of public welfare in the consideration of all phases of the unemployment
situation in Dallas.
Like the National Conference the committee has stated thats
its object will be,
to inquire into the volume of needed employment,' the distribution of unemployment, to make recommendations as 100 measures that can properly
be. taken in co-ordinated speeding up of emoloyment by industries and public bodies
during the next winter, and in addition, a broad study of economic measures
desirable to ameliorate the unemployment situation and give impetus to the recovery
of business and commerce to normal'.
"At its first meeting the committee recommended that all men who are residents
And it further
of Dallas and who have families to support be given the preference.
recommended that necessary public works be conetrugted at this time when their
felt, however, that
construction will simplify the unemployment situation.
since the Employment Bureau's function was to bring togeVaer the' unemployed men
and the employers seeking laborers, the question of wages did not come within the
scope of the committee's authority. All members of the committee were desirous of
stimulating any type of work which would create enployment for men. The Mayor
the White
Pointed out that the City was building the City and County Hospital
Rock filtration plant, and the garbage incinerators, while continuing its street
improvement work., The committee was informed of 411 road work going forward or
Steps were taken to urge railr,ead officials to complete their
being considered,
plans and begin operations on all improvements which have been projected.
were sent to housewives asking that gardens be spaded up and windows washed.
on the Physicians' Building and the erection of the Athletic Club has been stimuIt is probable that nothing within recent years has done so much to clarify
the thought of the city on the unemployment problem as has this committee.
represents a long atep towards an intelligent grappling with the employment question, and has done much to correct the irregularity of employment in Dallas and
the inadequacy of our employment machinery.



Employment means buying power, haying power means consumption, consumption
means production, and production in turn means employment. Employment is the
starting point in the everlasting circle that makes prosperity.

'Live and let livel is our slogan; and while the cohndttee feels that
little can be gained as long as farm production in Texas remains as at present
because of drouths and other unfavorable circumstances, we still hope that
through newspaper publicity, through education, and through keeping the public
informed of the unemployment situation, we will be able to secure employment for
the greatest possible number of Dallas residents".

ERIE, Pennsylvania,

The Sub-Committee On Information and Program of the Mayor's Committee on
Unemployment of Erie, among other recommendations, have put forward these:
"Any industries which are running full time, or practically full time,
with a smaller force than they usually employ, should, if it does not materially
increase their costs, call back their old employees and work all on a part time
A great many plants of the city are doing this, which has helped considerably in relieving the unemployment situation.
"Stores which are handling-Erie-made products should make a particular
effort to push the sale of these articles so that the factories concerned may
The people,
increase the production of these products, thus employing more men.
through newspaper advertising, could be induced at the present time to give
preference to Erie-made products, providing they are as reasonable as other
articles of the same quality".
EVANSTON, Illinois.

What has been done in Evanston is summed 11D by the Rev. James M. Stifler,
Chairman of the Unemployment Committee, as follows:
"Evanston is a suburban residential city with only a little manufactuging.
The skilled labor is being placed by appeals through press. Housewives are
responding to appeals through press and churches and clubs, to anticipate spring
The city secured prepayment from the street railway company of its
annual license fee and set gangs of unskilled labor to work taking down conThe wood is sawed in four
demned trees, of which there were 1300 to be removed.
foot lengths and left on the parkway and sold through the Associated Charities
Satisfactory headway is being
for a small amount to those who will cart it away.
An active campaign to stimulate work was conducted by sending a letter to
every member of the Chamber of Commerce and by distributing dodgers on blotters
throughout the city. The distribution was made by suitable persons among the


On the blotter is the following list of odd jobs suggested:

Take out ashes from base of chimney
Clean the basement.
Whitewash the basement.
Clean and wax hardwood floors
Mend and polish furniture
Repair steps, front or back
Ealsomining ceilings and rooms
Decorate one room
Wash the windows
Can you use a tailor pressing up your clothes?
Tidy up the yard
Saw up wood.
FORT SMITH, Arkansas.

Mayor Fagan Bourland, of Fort Smith, writes:
"We have begun all classes of public works, such as repaving our worn out
paved streets and paving streets that have not been paved here before. We have
also started laying water and sewer mains so as to extend these systems where needed.
"We also inaugurated a rOck pile on which we are working a great marv men.
The men break up large stones in smaller pieces so as can be used to mix with
cement and sand to improve our streets. We are paying $1.50 a square yard for
this kind of labon. We find this a very good way to keep our unemployed laborers
It enables them to make allying. We don't encourage them, though, to
keep up this kind of work. It is only temporarily, until they can find something
GALESBURG, Illinois.

Mayor Henry G. Hawkinson of Galesburg says:
"We carried a bond issue for the extension of water mains amounting to
$100,000, which We are more than thankful for; it gave us a piece of relief that
had we not had it, I am sure that the suffering would of been quite serious
and would of been very expensive to the tax-payers, caring for the dependent


"We have, however, continued the work through the winter every day that
was possible and put into the homes of those working people some $12,000 in
salaries during the past three months.
"We are housing and feeding the traveling, destitute ten by providing lodging and brealrfast and such other necessary meals, throuh the local Salvation
Army, being paid for by popular subscription through the people and our churches."



GLOUCESTER, Massachusetts.

Mayor Percy W. Wheeler, of Gloucester, whites:

"I do not think Gloucester has been so seriously affected by nneuployaent
as some other cities. in Massachusetss. We have around our water basins large
acreages of :oolaid on which there is a great amount of stand.in7,; dead rood.
We have offered $4.00 a cord for the cuttin;.: of thislvood. A great zany of our
uneu.ployed have been assisted that way, and the harvestin et our ice the last
three weeks has employed three or four hundred more. Of course, our Poor Departaent iz finding an increase in expense, as I presume the POCT Departments in all
cities are".

JANA, Ohio.
C. A. Bingham, City Manager cf Liza, writes as follows:
"We are doing all possible to relieve the 3ituation in Liza. At the present
time the city is working over one hundred men a day on what is known as grocery
slips; that is, the men work two or three days ec,..enlvw:;L and receive in return
orders on grocery stores for groceries. Of corlre the heLtf:Ls
faidlies only
are given this privilege.
1,ta't! mork in the city and
tA 44ication of a million

"We are also starting every possible piece Qt
are just about to complete final legal ste.i;,'s

dollar disposal plant and intercepting serer".


Ben D. Brichhouse, L' ayor of Little Bock, writ44 as follows:
"Beg to state that we are re-organiztng fi4le o'naritable organizations; we
every relirAous and civic boy to col1ect a T.,:ontaly subscription for
a coal:on fund, and a representat17e from each organization is a zeMber of the
%-,zecutive CoriAttee of fifteen
Board of Directors of the General Carity,with
to directly handle the affairs.

are asking

"In regard to homes, we have izocured a nuriber of portable houses, which
are very comfortable, placing them. on vacant property to be used for the unfortunate during these strenuous times."



Frank V. Guthrie, Mayor of Logansport, writes:

We have an organization for the purpose of raising funds by popular sub..
scription in which fraternal orders and churches have loined. We also receive
donations of food, especially tomatoes, beans,. meats, etc., for the purpose of
making soup. The responses to this fund have been very liberal.
"The secretary, who is secretary of the City Board of Health, and other
officers of that department have supervision over the distribution of food and
the Salvation Army, under such supervision, prepares meals to be served to the
people who are hungry. Such public work as can be done is being performed at
this time, thus giving employment to a limited number of persons".

"The following illuminating letter from Kenyon Riddle, City Manager of
Middletown, Ohio, is reprinted in full as an example of what a forehanded community
can do:

"The City of Middletown, through its Chamber of Commerce, and City Government, anticipated considerable unemployment and about a year ago began to organize
to take care of the situation. The important feature of the policy determined bye
these institutions was to provide necessary work for all able-bodied men and
women who were permanent residents of Mid.dletown and Consideration was given to
families so that there would be at least sufficient income to make a family selfsustaining.

"In order to create the necessary work, the it Coamissioners undertook
all of the essential work possible, making an effort to de work of such a nature
The Chadher of
that the maximum of labor for a given cost would be involved.
Commerce also put into effect a campaign to encourage and stimulate building and
work of all kinds on the part of individuals and priltAte concerns.
"In order to have a complete and detailed record of the permanent residents
of Middletown, and that the most deserving ones might be given preference, the
Chamber of Commerce installed a Free Empoloyment Bureau and put a trained and
competent man in charge. The work being created and the Employment Bureau as an
agency to connect labor with such work, there remained those persons incapable
of earning, and, inasmuch as the Red Cross is also a department of the Chamber
of Commerce, these people were charges upon that organization. There also remained those persons who were physically able to perform work: and who had others.
dependent upon them, but were unwilling to work.. lasuch cases, the deserving
dependents were taken over by the Red Cross and the unwilling workers were put
under arrest and sent to the workhouse.
"It is a fact that the methods followed here have almost entirely solved
the unemployment situation, and there are today no able-bodied persons being
cared for by charity. They are either working or serving time in the workhouse.
"I claim that if the people of any community through such agencies as the
Chamber of Commerce, and with the support of City Government, will undertake to
solve the problems of humanity, and enough of such communities will carry out
this work effectively, untimately there would be no considerable amount of
suffering in the whole nation. Probably the best suggestion offered at the




President's Conference an Unemployment was that each community feel the responsibility of taking care of its own people, and it would then be only necessary for the National Government to advise and assist in the uniformity of
such work.

"For this year, in Midd]etown, the following public and semi-public work
is in process:
"Public work amounting to $400,000; new hotel building,
$500,000: for schools, $700,000: new Y.M.C.A. and Community
Building, $700,000".
PITTSFITPLD, Massachusetts.

Robert G. North, Manager of the Pittsfield Chamber of Commerce, and member
of the Advisory Coamittee of the President's Conference on Unemployment, writes
as follows:
"Since my last report to you this section of the country was visited by a
severe sleet storm.
This storm so dareaged many of the trees on cour watershed
as to make it necessary to haf,e, the thee s removed entirely in order to prevent
forest fires. Since the city has no available fund with which to do the chopping of this wood we have arrange:1 with the Board of Public Works to sell the

cord wood through the employent office with the understanding that the Board
of Public Works will superintend the cutting and delivery of the cord wood,
In this
emnloying on this work the most needy cases who apply at this office.
way we exneet by rotating the men to care for all who are in dire need.
"We have arranged with the Board of Public Works for the loan of six
snow shovels which we keep in this offiee. We have advertised that we have a
'flying shovel squadrons one of which any citizen can have to clean their
sidewalk by telephene this office. Through this means we have been able to
give a few men a little work."
1. -ayor Carroll S. Chaplin, of Portland, encloses the following excerpts
from a report of the Associated Charities:

"There are numerous private relief-giving societies which, to a certain
extent, register their cases in the Confidential Exchange kept by the Associated
Charities and through this work out plans together.
The Associated Charities
has about 10,000 registrations and 500 case records. This society does reconstructive work with fam.r.ies and tries to 3)ut them on their feet so that they
will not have to continue dependent. All cases of need coming to them are provided for either through the public agencies, the other private relief-giving
By a working
societies or from their awn fundo specially raised for the purpose.
agreeent between the Overseers of the Poor aatt, the Associated Charities, families
whose need is chronic or will continue for a long perio are referred to the former; where the need is temporary or can be removed by sunervision or the working
out of a plan the Associated Charities takes charge.



"In the present industrial. crisis it is felt that need caused wholly by
uneaQloyment - (that is, where the family has good standards and has never
before applied for assistance) - should not subject the family to pauperization
by referring than to the Overseers of the Poor.
Last year, therefor
as an emergency measure, placed with the Associated Charities, $1500 to be used
in giving help to families of this. type. The community responded also to the
In addition to giving
appeal for extra funds, so that the need has been met.
relief, social work has been done with every family, health problems have been
worked out, guidance in domestic difficulties given.

"The Associated Charities listens to every man's story, tries to return him
to his hone or friends or place of settlement. Failing this, if he is a superior type of aan, it :;ives assistance until he can be provided for in some other
satisfactory :way.
If he is Caiftless - a drafter who patently is making the
unemployment situation an excuse for roaming - we refuse any assistance further
than a meal.
"We i ntend and expect to care for families in their homes, avoid bread
lines and soup kitchens and thlis to preserve the standards of family life and
prevent any break-down in health or morale beoausc of need consequent on unemployment."
POTTT:TILLF, Pennsv]vantl.

Dr. J. 0. Bearstler, Superintendent of Public Safety, writes as follows:
"In answer to your letter of the 24th instant would say that as far as
possible, this City through a Society named the King's Daughters and the Salvation Army and Red Cross Societies have taken care of all really d'estitute in
this City.
"Further the merchants of the city have been called as well as every householder to look about their premises to see what can be done to give some worthy
person work as cleaning, repairing, etc. Our moving pictures have been instructed to recall to their patrons the question of the unemployed person and many
lodges and organizations have had what we termed four minute speakers to address
them on this saject.
"The newspapers have taken this matter up and are calling every citizen to
look around and provide empicymnt where found.
"The situation in this regton is much better than in most communities but
we are always keeping the abject befere the people.




ISLAND, Illinois.

Mayor H. M. Schriver, of Rock Island, reports as follows:
"Our local Coecdttee have made every effort in the world to stimulate
employ-ment of labor, We have had numbers of our citizens employing one can
one day a week, simply making work for him, to prevent him from becoming an
object of charity. I have had the railroad companies ship me many carloads of
discarded ties and old lumber of no further use to them, gratis, which has been
distributed among the poor for fuel by means of municipal trucks".

WILLIAMPORT, Pennsylvania.
What has been done in Williamsport is succinctly told in the following
newspaper account of the work of the State EMployment Office in that city:



"Other activities of this office have consisted of personal interviews with
employers of labor in this city and with questionnaires, telephone calls, besides
writiag letters to every employer in this district offering the -services of the
office and assurine than of our prompt and careful attention to all requests for
help received from them which comPrises the following counties: Lycomdng, Union,
Montour, NorthuMberland, Sullivan, Potter, Bradford, Snyder, Tioga, Cameron and
Also interviewing laborers making applications. The lepresentative
council connected with the office has held meetings regularly every month during
the year and have discussed about all phases of the labor situation, among them
seasonable industries, seasonable trades and occupations and many other reports.
By their kindly advice and counsel they have been a great help to this office.
The mayor's emergency unemployment committee was organized October 20, 1921. The
committee has done excellent work in helping to provide work for the unemployed.
The first plan was the extraordinary publicity in the newspapers explaining all
phases of the subject and by placing a coupon in all daily pad. Sunday papers for
those who had odd jobs to fill out and return to the state employment office.The 12,000 franked postal cards were sent out, but it is too early to give results.
The committee have other plans for the near future to help the situation
The state employmen't office has acted as the clearing house and had done
all correspondence and other'detail work for this committee".

A letter from Youngstown reads:
"Our Mayor's Comiiittee on Employment is at the present time functioning in
a most efficient way, through the efforts of the Committee, Municipal bonds were
sold and through the money provided in this wqy, work was provided in the city
parks for men with families. The men were divided into two groups and worked
in two weeks' shifts.
One group went on as the other came off.

"They have also as a committee interviewed the heads of the steel mills
of the Youngstown District and as a result, it has been agreed that the mills
will take back their family men in two weeks' shifts, as far as possible.

"Of course, this has not entirely alleviated the situation but we are glad
to say that it has decreased the suffering by at least fifty per cent and that
we have had the co-operation of the ehu,che,the labor unions and the business
and professional men in carrying on this programme.
"At the present time, our greatest problem is the single uneaployed man,
but we .are considering this qw.:i74.ition from every angle and feel sure before long,

we will be able to take care of our single men as effectively as we have the
family ran".


Washington, D,C,February 17, 1922.
MY dear mr, mayor:

American cities have gone through unemployment experiences of varied kinds, oftentimes distressing. With midwinter upon us, many are in the midst of the most trying
conditions. The able-bodied kan with a family dependent upon him who has lost his employment and the jobless man who has no home, furnish the two most serious aspects of
the problem.
January, February, and March are the acute months of the year in both cases, Bitterness and depression follow a too long drawn-out cessation of work, with its atterldant loss of income, Home standards fall, and the physical well-being of men, women,
and children is put in peril.
Happily, hundreds of communities have forestalled such a calamdty, Many ar e reporting to this office how a workable plan has been evolved, A selection of th ese
fellows, with the idea that they may be useful in your own local problem.




BETHLEHEM, Pennsylvania.

Two stores have been organized by the Chamber of Commerce to collect and di stribute food, coal, and clothing, which is raised by direct contribution of those articles, or by liquidating at stores orders made out by subscribers for supplies chargeable to their accounts at v,holesale cost. The Family Welfare Association coope rates
with these stores to follow up requests to see that gifts are merited,
A $2,500,000 hill-to-hill bridge is partly under way, and when the work is in full
swing, which is expected within a fari months, from 1,000 to 2,000 men will be a died
to the 350 now employed.
In the recent storm, everyone who wanted to shovel snow got at least two days work,

Mortimer Fleishhacker, Regional Director, has made an exhausted investigati on of
unemployment conditions in the State of California and reports an encouraging situaHe writes:

"I requested the Oakland theatres, in the name of the President's Conference on
Unemployment, to allow Four-Minute speakers to appeal to their audience to render aid
in solving the unemployment question in the City of Oakland.

- 2 -

C).<3.. " We have followed the plans outlined at the Conference in Washington, and have
net with the Uhanimous support of the various organizations throughout the State.

"Building, both public and private, has received marked_ impetus due to our camIn Southpaign, the State and municipalities having cooperated with us in every way.
We find
ern California road work has materially relieved the unemployment situation.
that in every department-Agricultural, Construction, state Highway, and Railroad work which has been of incalculable help has been financed and startdd for the first
time during the winter months.

-Lne general situation is encouraging and I have reasonable assurance that the
whole :Problem will be kept well in hand and that within sixty days the question will
It has
be that of procuring workers for the job, rather than jobs for the workers.
been very gratifying to me as I have found that the problem solved itself when the
employers were brought to a realization of the situation through the able campaign
conducted by the various citizens' committee and municipal bureaus."
CAMDEN, New Jersey,

The following is a portion of a report from the BureauofrCharities1 to Mayor
Charles H. Ellis of Camden
"Realizing the great distress prevalent among the unemployed, who in a large
measure are now orare about to become Charges upon the rcity, this bureau deemed it
essential to make strenuous efforts at once to give the unemployed man one or two days
work per week during the next two months thereby giving assistance to the many.

"First, the Bureau aroused the Industrial and Civic interest
as to the acutene
of the situation, we then held a meeting at the Bureau which resulted in an immediate
call by the chamber of commerce, reconvening their "Unemployment Commdttee" out of
Which various Industries immediately placed many of our men, one large corporation
offering to place all former Employees of good standing, others taking a certain numer
of half time for two months, another firm requiring thirty labourers for two weeks
accepted OUX proposition of taking ninety men for two days each per week, using only
Bureau of Charity men. Another far reaching result attained was that the Aanufacturer
will first consider Camden residents, second married men or other men having dependents, third, that of placing men from the Bureau of Charities.
"Another method being pursued and producing immediate results is that of having
well known women volunteering their services, going out in teams of two in an automobile, calling wherever they shall choose to find short timed jobs, asking the
Aanufacturer,$ to start an Idle Department as far as it is possible for them to do so;
this effort is expected to produce good results, and keep the Bureau of Charities
from handing to the able bodied man a food order making a pauper of him causing loss
of self respect instead we hope to hand him a day's work."
CHARLESTON, South Carolina.

Secretary J.Gilmore smith of the young men's Board of Trade, Which is the official
bureau of Charleston for the unemployed, is quoted in a local newspaper as follows:

- 3 -

"It would demand too much space for us to go into details about the way we go after
jobs, but briefly let me say that every morning my assistant secretary and I make a
round of telephone calls, for several hours, coverjng a list of about twenty-five
emPloyers of labor, including stores, factories and private and public enterprises of
all sorts. The persistance of these calls day by day, is one of the most effective
Means to make people realize that they should create for the unemployed all the work
they possibly can,
The daily list of jobs, secured in this way range S from six to
fifteen a day, some days more."

Cleveland, Ohio, Recreation council reports on a plan partly recreational in
character which came throu01 the suggestion of one of the managers of one big manufacturing plant of this city.
It is to open the cafeteria of the plant as a recreation
room from nine in the morning until late afternoon or evening for the use, not only
of their employees, which are at present small in number because of the reduction of
work., but also for the use of former employees, so that they may come to this cafeteria
and use it as a social room, playing games, reading newspapers, and so on, thus being
available for any calls for employment which may be routed here from the central
employment agency.

M4yor H. W. Cowles, of Clinton, reports as follows:
"The city of Clinton has been very fortunate in this respect as we have not found
it necessary to take any special action in the matter to take care of the situation
due in a great measure to the varied class of industries located here, and again to
the action of the city council during the winter of 1920-21 in providing for extensive
improvements which were carried on throuFji the summer and late fall of the year 1921.
"Subway construction has been under way during the entire winter beginning in
City council has plans
Novemeber. The ice harvest is taking care of 300 to 400 men.
for sewer construction to begin at an early date.
"In conclusion, I muld say that 1 am of the opinion that the most enviable
position that Clinton holds today is due to the splendid foresight exhibited by the
Unemployment has been
business interests and its city
at the proper time.
Practically unknown except temporarily."


Mayor John Ankeney writes:
"We are building sewers, Quarrying stones, grading streets and in general doing
everything we can do at this season, preparatory to the opening of spring weather.
All who will work can get it."



4 -

LO7ELL, Massachusetts.
Cornelius F. Cronin, Director of the Civic di;mployment Bureau of Lowell, reports:

"The method employed in Lowell for the care of those people was the establishment
of an Employment Bureau and the naming of a committee on employment, consisting of mill
agents and business men of Lowell and vicinity, Which committee also acts asa committee
on temporary relief. Under their direction a tad day was held, which netted a goodly
sum, sufficient to take care of all who may need immediate relief."
Jchn W. Hallowell, Chairman, Massachusetts Committee to Promote Work, writes as
"Through the efforts of Governor Cox, an emergency appropriation of $50,000 has
been authorized by the State Legislature, which amount shall be expended for the purpose of 'clearing the forests of the Metropolitan parks District' injured by the ice
storm of a month or so ago. The $50,000 will be administered by a 'Special Commission
composed of the Chairman of the Metropolitan District Commission, the Chairman of the
Massachesetts Committee to Promote Work, the Commander of the Massachusetts Department
of the American Legion, the Commissioner of Public Welfare, and the Commissioner of
Conservation', and this Commission is 'given full authority to make rules and regulations as to employment, to fix wages, and otherwise to direct and carry on the work"

WORX0D, Ohio.
Mayor Louis H. Nolte, of Norwood, Ohio, writes:
"We have in our City Hall a department of social service and public welfare, called
the "Norwood Community Service Leag ue."
This organization takes care of the unemployment situation gratis. They are very closely affiliated with the large manufacturing
plants and as their director was also the director of the Red Cross work they are in
touch with every man, woman and Child in Norwood, through the schools, Churches, factories, city officials and through the homes. Every citizen of Norwoed so far as we

mow is a volunteer worker of this organization.
"We have urged each of the factories to take on as many men as they can; have had
the house wives give work such as cleaning basements, walls, etc. to every man they
These men receive 3 a day.
"We have reported to each church the men who have applied to us for aid from their
congregation, they in turn assist by having these men employed among their own members.
"Our factories have been more than generous and have at times given work to men
When we knew their se-vices were not needed, We feel that our unemployment situation
here is pretty thoroughly taken care of and the factories assure us that with the
opening of spring weather the chance of permanent jobs for every one will be very



OKLAHOYR CITY, 6klahoma.

- 5 -

Mihn Donnelly, Commissioner of Accounting and Finance of Oklahoma City, writes
the following:
I/During the war a very large number of married women were prevailed upon to lay
down their household dutiee and take up employment of various kinds.
Oftentimes husband and wife would 'go employed in the same institution at large salaries, There has.
been an effort to adjust this matter by requesting employers to make investigation to
ascertain whether or not the efficiency of their institution could be retained and
single women given the preference, especially where technical knowledge is not required.

"A church census has been taken with the view to ascertaining hdW zany members of
each church would be willing to create odd jobs around their homes for the purpose of
giving men employment and this has been moderately successful.
"We are dividing the city into districts with the view of having the members of
the Fire Department require certain districts to be cleaned up and all rubbishi trash
and combustible material to be hauled away, Which will provide Short time jobs for a
number of man."

If. Budd, Secretary of the Poughkeepsie Chamber of Commerce writes that the
Poughkeepsie Plan for the Relief of Unemployment Conditions has practically eliminated
any distress in the city. He says:

"The Poughkeepsie Plan for the Relief of Unemployment Conditions was put into
effect the Piddle of October in this City and by the functioning of the same we have
practically eliminated any distress in the City as far as we know.
"Unemployment is not now apparent on the surface and the professional pan-handler
or charity seeker has been eliminated and either forced to move from the City or been
put to work, While the demands on our charitable organizations due to employment have
been bigger than in ,Dreviousyears for same time, still the amount of actual relief
given in the aggregate has been -less due to the cutting out of duplication as the
clearing house system, Which we have adopted, has worked perfectly.
"We ran in one of our largest department stores in this city a "Made-in-Soughkeepsie" sale at which all manufacturers sent their products to this st6re where the same
were sold at cost.
Tn addition to this, we issued posters headed 'Patronizea
Poughkeepsie and Promote Prosperity./

"Poughkeepsie has solved its problem and is now about to enter upon a period of
stdble propperity, the like of which she has not had for some years past."
(NOTE:-The leaflet describing the Poughkeepsie Plan was sent to all mayors and other
public officials who are an the list to receive this bulletin.
Should further copies
of the Poughkeepsie Plan be desired, they will be promptly forwarded on application to
Colonel Arthur Woods, Room 214, Coerce Building, Washington, D. C.)




6 -


Albert RL Flannery, Secretary to Mayor Clarence D. Van Zandt, writes that the
administration's policy is as follows;
"To urge, to the fullest extent possible, carrying on public improvements to a
afford the greatest possible measure of employment;
To have the adminstration work in harmony with the Community Conference Board,
upon which the city has a representative, in devising plans to substitute steady for
seasonal employment;
And, to furnish relief through the medium of the Department of Charities and
Corrections in cooperation with various and unofficial philanthropic and social weltare organizations."
SAGINAW, Michigan,

Don W, Lobdell, Secretary of the Employers Association of Saginaw Valley, Mich.,
reports conditions as follows, at the request of Mayor B. N. Mercer;
"If the case is a city case or a case that is interpreted as coming by law under
the jurisdiction of the city of Saginaw, the city departments render all possible aid
to the destitute persons by furnishing fuel, provisions, medicines, etc. If there
are any wage earners or persons physically, able to work in the family, these persons
are given employment through the city unemployment bureau operated in the employment
office of the Employers' Association of Saginaw Valley. Persons Who do not come under
the jurisdicticn of the law as being dependents upon the city government for aid are
taken care of through the county fund and given the same attention as if they were
city residents.
However, there are some cases of persons who have moved to Saginaw
from other sections of the state or from other states of the union who under no construction of the law can be classed as wards of either the county or city and in this
case, the Saginaw Welfare League, a local welfare organization, provides those persons
with the same help as we have stated above as given by the city.
"In all cases, we endeavor-to immediately place applicants for charity at work
and in ninety-nine cases out of a hundred, have been able to do so through the operation of our local aity unemployment bureau."

Schenectady has put the city firemen to work canvassing to determine the exact
conditions. Seventy thousand dollars have been used up by furnishing employment in
the parks during the winter months. Ninety percent of this went for wages. More
money is needed and the budget committee is meeting this week to determine the amount.
The city has a fine system of aiding families in distress and even advance money When
peOple are about to be dispossessed, The General Electric plant also has established
a relief plan to help its old employees Who are unemployed at present.


the creeks be cleaned out right away
The city engineer has suggested that
and a committee of alderman is making a study of the situation.



8 -

"We have had the most severe weather we have had in years, and through these
agencies we have been able te take aare of all calls.
WORCESTER, Massachusetts.

From Gerhard Becker, Almoner, Board of Overseers of the Poor of Worcester, comes
the following:
to say in compliance with yourrrequest, that the City of Worcester is
providing for destitute f&milies and individuals hrallith this department, primarily,
in aceordanee with the Massachasetts Support, Families are cared for in their
own homes by the furnishing of cash, food, fuel, clothing, medicine, and lin numerous
instances where the families are to be evicted, Sc are assuming the payment of rent.
17e are giving aid to some families amountino: to as mrooh as $30 a week. At the present
time we are aiding over 000 families every week:at an expense of over 825,000 a month.

"Individuals are beinr- cared for prirarily in our almshouse, but in some oases
where only a small allowaroe is necessary we grant a little cash each week, but these
are exceptional cases, Those having a legal settlement in some other city or town are
furnished transportation to their place of settlement.

"Soldiers and their dependents are as a rule provided for out of the Soldier!s
'relief fund.

"There are instances where we find it necessary to start people up in housekeeping
secondhand furniture and aiding them in procuring aotenement. No family
found to be in distress is ever refused relief."

by purchasing

Leroy A. Manchester, member of the Advisory Committee, reports as follows, concerning a drive to raise $100,000 for relief of the destitute
"The churches furnished suffis'.ent teams for the work and in the afternoon, between the hours of two and six olcloclt,:, The entire city was covered by house-to-house
canvas.. All theatres and placas of public amusement closed voluntarily from two to
Something over $121,000 was rajsed in this way, The officers of the Cosairunity
Corporation advise that this fund, together with other funds which are available, will
be sufficient to last until March 1st,
Thereafter, we will have to make other and
further provisions for the destitute.

"The next questions was how to distribute to best advantage the available jobs
among those out of work, Our Committee did not assume that it could create employment.
Its influenceomikht in some degree and in some places stimulate employment,
but its greateat usefulness is in aiding the equitable distribution of available jobs.
"The steel mills are the largest employers.
They all agxeed to cooperate by first
taking care of their own men, so far as possible, ands secondly, giving pr6ference to
those registered in filling new jobs. This co-operation has assisted very greatly.


Two experts are to be appointed to checkup on all business and private houses
in the city. It is the plan to as-ls. the owners to "spruce up" at once in °Hob to
make jobs.


How the City of Wilmington
as follows:

solved its problem is described by Mayor

LeRoy Harvey,

"Replying to your letter of January 23,
beg to say that Wilmington is meeting
the strain of unemployment by coordinatin9: the work i); papc44agrent charitable organizations into one Emergency Relief Fund CotimittoehaS-Colledted to date about $70,000,
and is distributing the money to the difforenct agencies as they need it.

su-_gporting a lodging house where homeless men can be put up and given
We are also giving employment to men whoare heads of families, in cleaning
and grading certain tracts of the Cityts parks that have been owned by the city
some tine, but never before developed.
"We are




"In addition the city is building a new harbor and a now library at a cost of
$3,000,000, both of which projects give employment to hundreds of men when the weather
"We find the communications from you that tell what other cities are doing most
helpful, and hope thal. you will continue sending us this information."

WILMI=ON, North Carolina,
Mayor James H

Cowan, of Wilmington,

writes as follows:

"The city has just undertaken an extensive street building programme, issuing
$200,000 in street improvement bonds, with the idea of increasing this after Jilin° 1,
in order both to advance the city in the way of permanent paving and to give employOne of the large contr4ctors, working under the bond issue, is at work:and the
other will begin work this week. The resumption of operations by the many fertilizer
plants around Wilmington, within the next 2ew weeks, will also provide additional
VTINSTONiSAIEM, North Carolina.

James G, Hanes, Mayor of Winston,Salem, writes:
"We have an organized Associated Charity in this city which takes care of our
homeless, destitute and sick:people. They furnish clothing, the city furnished medical aid and attention, and where necessary the sick: aro taken to our hospital which
is mned and ran by the city, where about eight percent of the patients are charity
patients. Wood and coal are furnished by the Associated Charity as well as clothing,
This-organization is supported by our entire citizenship and is contributed to
also by the city in our yearly appropriation. There are, of course, a number of
chronic cases which are taken care of by churches and institutions.

- 9 -

"A sub-committee was then created to confer with the various departments of the
city, to assure as much public work as could properly be done.
This r
additional bond issues, and City Council so re-adjusted its financial program as to
provide the neddssary funds for a maximum of this hind of work. By this means many
people have been given employment by the city, who otherwise would have had nothing
to do,

"Efforts have also been made to induce people, generally, who have work to be
done about their homes, or elsewbore, to give it through the Committee. All public
agencies, having power given them by law to administerrzelidf, have co-operated in
a way to avoid duplication and make the funds available go as far as possible."



A004, Washingto4 D. C., Februnry 27, 1922.

My dear Mr. Mayor:


Early in the present period of Uki*playment the American people caught the
no magical cure could be
idea that this was not a matter for legislation,
looked for, that the emergency had to be met by the neighborly, helpful dealing
of one,with another, by everyone's making an effort to provide as soon as possible,
all the necessary work that he could, by everyone's holding out a helping hand.
It has been the realization of this situat.j.on by the people of the country and
their acting upon it in definite and sound ways, that has kept the emergency from
causing far more suffering than it has.
Perhaps you may find a helpful idea or two in some of the methods and means
which certain communities have adopted.
Very truly yours,


ABINGDON, Illinois.


Contracts have been
miles of street paving, to furnish employment
to a considerable number of men, and Mayor G. K. Slough writes that the town is
working on other similar projects.
BALTIMORE, Maryland.

A new feature is the establishment of an "Odd Job Bureau", its purpose being
to cooperate with the Municipal Ehployment Bureau in Baltimore and to
in the procurement of small jobs.
This work will be under the auspices of the
American Rescue Workers, 722 West Baltimore Street.
CI-IESTM, Pennsylvania.

Mayor William T. Ramsey reports:

"Our Committee, which is headed by Mr. John G. Pew of the Sun ShipbVilding
Company, succef5-sful1y carried on a drive for funds to care for the unemployed
insofar as supplying food, fuel and clothing in the absence of work.. It collected
:80,000, which is sufficient to care for all of our people."


Goerge D. Crabbs, Chairman of the Mayors Unemployment Committee, reports as
followd, concerning Cincinnati:

We personally visited the editors of out Cincinnati papers immediately upon
being appointed by the Mayor, and through this effort secured full sympathy of the
press and wide publicity based upon information supplied by the Committee from
time to time,
In addition thereto the papers agreed to run the Registration Blanks
and Job Blanks for several weeks, and through this source we secured complete new
registration of about 1,500 unemployed.

We co-operated with end moved the State City Free Labor Exchange into adequate quarters without cost, increased the personnel of the Exchange that it
might function Properly and placedthe.whole operation under the supervision of
one-of our Committee.

Through appropriate comittees we interviewed City and County officials,
Board of Education and those in chage of all large construction jobs to hasten
all work- contemplated.
We hold meetings with large employers of labor, we urged
the State Highway Comalss:.oner to immediately release three important road contracts in our Cii,y and County and in all these efforts we met with satisfactory

We have canducted a speaking campaign before clUbs, churches, organizations
and business groups:
The federated Improvement Associati6n of theeCity made a
special effort in a house-to-house canvass to secure odd jobs.
Through the large industrial corporations, we secured their employment
managers to give one day per week in our Labor Exchange, to assist in telephoning
all possible employers of labor and interviewing in person large construction

Placed large posters in all the inTortant buildings throughout the city,
calling attention to the serious unemployment situation confronting the Mayor's
ut \

We have co-operated with all the organizations in the city and have tried
to tie up all efforts with proper publicity.
"I am gratified to say that the conditions of unemployment in our city have
been greatly inproved and we are hoping to solve the preblem in a large measure
by the first of April."


Charles J. Bennett, the State Highway Commissioner, writes:
"This Department has made a concerted effort to meet the President's desires
in the matter of getting contracts under way as early as possible. We advertised
for bids early in the year for quite an extensive program of work, and while it
was not possible to award the contracts immediately, arrangements were made whereby the preliminary work has been carried on soffar as is possible during the bad

"We are receiving bids for 27 miles of construction which will probably be
started immediately.
In addition to this, every possible effort is being made
by the contractors, themselves, to keep the work going as fast as-possible during
At times, of course,
the winter months to take care of the unemployment situation.
there must be a let-down on account of fbe disagreeable weather, but on the whale,



the amount of work under way this wintevexceeds that of any previous winter in
my experienee. While this,of course, does not have any great effect on the actual
unemployment situation in this section so far as the avoraze person can see it, I
have not doub', that the work done by the differear67,,?te Eighway Departments in
this vicinity is doing mach to alleviate the serious conditions which prevail."


The Mayor has communicated with representative citizens and business firms
and is getting from them financial and material assistance to relieve the poor
and unemployed.
He also authorized a campaign, setting a day aside to sell tags
on the streets for the benefit of the unemployed, and has further attempted to
relieve the situation by opening a free employment agency in his own office, requesting the unemployed to apoly for work to h1. Firw of this city notify his
Grocery stores and fuel dealers have
employment office whenever in need of help.
the assistance of the Mayor, authorizing him to draw on their supplies
tcms to
free of charge for the benefit of the poor in the city.
HMEPSTOWN, Mary] and.

A community chest organization was formed by the representatives from twentysix local organizations who in joint session elected a Board of Directors and
The object of the community chest was for the purpose of supplying
sufficient funds to the various welfare and other organizations of Hagerstown for
their yearly budget, thereby preventing the constant solicitation of each and
every organization.



To do this the people of Hagerstown and vininity were asked to subscribe
$36,000, and the beneficiary organizations were required to submit a detailed
budget based upon receipts and expenditures for the past two years and their proThese budgets were vary carefully studied by the Budget
posed program for 1922.
Committee of the community chest, and after certain adjustments were made the
amounts given below were approved as being the actual needs of the respective
agencies for the year's activities;
County Health Association
CountcyBoys' and Girls' Clubs
Day Nursery
Kings Daughters
Orphans Home
Playground & Recreational AssIn.
Red Cross
Salvation Army
Emergency Fund





To quote a report:

"3t can readily be seen by the above explained community chest proposition
and its cartfully worked out budget plan, that Hagerstown is away ahead of most
of the larger cities of this country in caring for its destitute cases, and Emmet
W. Gans, Chairman of the executive committee, and President of the Chamber of
Commerce of Hagerstown. contributed largely to the success of this movement by
bringing to the heneficiarSi organization the various cooperating societies of
business associations and clubs in the raising of this money. Amount subscribed
for stated purposes, $36,074."
JOHNSTOWN, Pennsylvania.

The Cambria Steel has a welfare department that is making personal investigation of every case that 'comes to its notice and tries to place men wherever
In cne recent report out of 56 cases investigated and helped, all but
19 of the men were placed at work. The mill officials had asked the charity
organizations to report any cases of need to the company that involved any of
their former employees. The Cambria Steel Company employe 70 per cent of the male
labor of Johnstown.


NORFOLK, Virginia
Albert L. Roper, Mayor of Norfolk, Va., writes as follows:
"The city administration has made every effort to put on as large a program
as possible of public inprovements, not only because those public improvements
are always needed, but very largely because of our desire to employ as many men
as possible, and also to stimulate private individuals in their 'own businesses.
We are building approximately $1,500,000 in schools; are spending between $500,000
and $1,000,000 in streetimprovements; are engaged in the construction of a
$5,000,000 addition to our water supply; and have just authorized an expenditure
This is why I expect,
of $5,000,000 for municipal terminals and grain elevator.
with so mph confidence, improved conditions in Norfolk."

A report from Pensacola reads:

"The local labor situation has been greatly relieved during the past few
monteinahs by the erection of three handsome public school buildings, and many men are
nowlempioyea in extra number of municipal paving contracts. Work will shortly
begin, on an extensive scale on a nwber of road and bridge contracts in the
vicinity of Pensacola, built by Federal, Stat3 and County aid, It is proposed to
spend several hundred thousand dollars.
"In short there appears to be employment here for people who are willing to
take the inevitalae reduction in wages."

The City Cauncil has provided for public work to be begun within the next
few weeks, which will employ several hundred laborers. A contract has also been
let for the erection of a Country Club at Petersburg to cost $150,000, and as
soon as work on this building is started, which will probably be within the
next month, the number of unemployed in Petersburg will be considerably reduced.

A committee of citzens-was appointed by the Mayor in accordance with the
recommendation of the President's Conference, which committee has been co-operating with the various local organizations and City Council in providing work
for the unemployed.
No additions to the ranks of the unemployed are in prospect at the present
time, but, on the other hand, the building of roads and other public work provided for, which will begin in the near future, it is believed, will take care
of nearly all the unemployed in that city.




Mayor Carroll S. Chaplin, writes:
"Our City Council on February 16 appropriated the sum of $10,000 to be expended by the Coomissioner cf Public Works for the employment of labor on sudh
emergency public work as is available at this time of year. This public work
consists of preparing stone for the stone crusher, and the cleaning of gutters
ama removal of ice in prpparttilon for the spring thaw.
"In employing this labor the Commissioner of 'Public Works is to select such
residents of the city, preferably citions, as have dependents, and as are certified to him in writing by the representatives of the Mayor's Committee on Unemployment, it being required that all applicants for jobs under this special
appropriation register with the Mayor's Committee.

"The transient unemployed are being cared for by the Salvation Army and
If they meet this test they are further assisted
to them the work test is applied.
otherwise, not.
"I believe that the unemployment situation here is improving and that with
the coming cf spring and the commencing of several proposed building operations,
conditions will fast return to normalcy."
SAVANNAH, Georgia.

From J. T. Roche, a member cf the Advisory Committee on Unemployment of
Savannah, Ga., comes the following:
"Savannah's plan of 'One day's income for the man with a job to help the
man without a job' has brought very satisfactory results. We have how a good
emergency fund to take dare of the needy for some weeks to come. The Finance
Committee of business men took charge of the soliciting with the excption of
women with incomes, who were handled by a women's committee. Contributions are
still coming in and the Finance Committee's Report will be sent to you in due
"The, Investigation and Disbursement Committee, also made up of the city's
leading business men, is now busy extending relief to people in need of the bare
necEnsitYes of life. I became convinced early in the game that the business men
must be brought into close touch with the conditions in order to Obtain satisfactory results. At every hour of the day these men take their turn at a big
desk in the Board of Trade roams, applicants for relief are passed upon by them
and relief extended at once where the applicants appear to be derierving
work with the Social Service Federation, the Red Cross and the Salvation Army
all of which were Chort of funds and food, clothing and fuel are promptly supplied
by them to needy people without distinction of race or creed.

"Everything considered the results are most gratifying and I can say with
truth that there is not in this city today a man, woman or child lacking for the
necessities of life and there is a more general desire an the part of the public
to aid in solving the problem of unemployment."



The Mayor is closely co-operating with the Waterloo Relief and EMployment
Commission and has ordered civic improvementy for the purpose of giving employment. Each day about 50 men report to w.,m1c under the Mayor's plan, for which
sork they do not receive money but a days ration for a family,
In the meantime
efforts are being made to find more permanent work for these unemployed, and
these permanent positions are given to the people that are working on the sustenance plan.
The railroad comranies within the last few dws relieved the
situation to a great extent by employing many of the city's unemployed to unload
coal, which they are shipping into Waterloo for storas,e.
WILEINGToN, Delaware
Quite a number of citizens are donating considerable sviris of money to certain departments of the city, or to certain businesses, to be used in furnishing
;Prk for the unemployed. One case in particular is Where a citizen had given .,
$2,000 a month, to the Park Comm5ssion to furnish work for men engaged in cleaning up and improving park conditions during the winte:.?.

The newspapers are giving/publicity to the situation and endeavoring to run
daily stories abcut unemployment.
YAKIMA, Washington.
A community chest drive has been inaugurated, amounting to (b18,000.
has been pro-rated among the following organizations, viz: The American Red Cross.
Boy Scouts,
Y.M.C.A., Associated Charities,-end the Near East Relief
(Russia); they in turn, have donated sums from $1 to ci:200 to be used in assisting
the unemployed.
On January 17, the city established an Tmployment Bureau, Which
is mow listed as the "U.S. Employment Bureau".
Since its- o-oening 75 married men
have been employed at short jobs. The county is handling about 80 families who
are in need of charity. Conditions are far better than a month ago, and if the
cold weather moderates, all of the unemployed in Yakima will be engaged in street
work and irrigation work; also carpenters and plasterers will be in demand.

There is no anxiety felt in this District as to the unemployment situation.
YONKERS, New 7.0r1r.
The local employment bureau is planning to start a drive for 15,000 hours of
work. The Y. M. C. A. and the Knights of Columbus will furnish canvasses fcr
three weeks.
The Public Wor15Debartment givem.employment to the most needy cases.




March 3, 1922.

My dear Mr. Mayor:

The information contained in this Bulletin has all been sant to you before, in
previous issues.
It has, however, been classified -only under the names of the
cities from which the information had been received.
We have felt that you might find it useful, for more convenient reference, to
have this same material classified by subject also.
So we are herewith sending it'
to yo la under the heads:
Stimulating Work; Public Workp;Rotation in Jobs; Odd Jobs;
Public Belief; Registration of the Jobless.
These are by no'means a tithe of what has been accomplished, but they are given
as samples from widely separated communities with sharply contrasting situations of
varying types of complexity. They are sent to you in the hope that they may either
suggest a way of easing your own local situation, or at least give you an idea of the
ing_nulty of our people in meeting a crisis Which might have been much worse had not
civic resourcefulness and local pride come to the rescue.
Yours very truly,

Chairman, Committee on
Civic and Emergency Measures.

To recapitulate all the plans adopted by various cities to stimulate employment
is beyond tha limitations of space.
However, boiled down and given in skeleton outline are some of the more successful ideas of creating and finding employment for
the jobless citizens of a community:
Employment superintendent visits the construction of buildings, streets, etc.,
the industrial plants, railroad Shops, packing industries, etc., offering the cooperation of tha Bureau and seeking to learn precisely the calibre of employees most
(Kearny, N. J.)


Winter highway work comprising gravel surfacing, materlIal distribution, rock
crushing and heavy excavating. Half the program has boon contracted for at 1917
prices, or S2,500,000.(Minn3sota)
City officials enforce rigidly such ordinances as snow 'removal on city walks
within six hours of the cessation of snow storms, which is done under city supervision and charged on tax bills.
( Schnectady, Y. Y.)

500 citizens have formod a club, whose members each pledge themselves to build
a dwelling for rontal purposes at a reasonable figure. (Atlanta, Ga.)
Members of the Associated Industries of Massachusetts request employars to
their list of employees by as many men and women as possibla if for no more
than two or three.
(Boston, Mass.)


Arrangamants made for people to work out taxes they owe the city, and in some
instances aided otherwise, and paopla with no property had opportunity of working
out taxes for others.
(New Britain, Conn.)
Straightening of a crock, erection of a natatorium and the opening of a number
(Davenport, Iowa)
of straats, to provide work for about five hundred men.

Remodeling of store fronts.


(Allentown, Pap)

sale of home town products.

(Erie, Fa.)

(Fort Smith,
Starting a rock pile for uromployed.
Cutting standing dead wood.
(Gloucester, Mass.)


Furnishing a 'flying snow ahoval squadron' on telephone calls.(Pittsfield,
Working abandoned coal minas (Fort Dodge, Iowa)
Building 50 homes at cost. (Quincy, Ill.)

a stone quarry.

(fled Oak, Iowa)

Maintaining a reserve labor gang for outside work, (Houston, Texas.)
Employing worthy

applJeanta on municipal


13, /,.

the hour.

(Springfield, Maas)

Getting up entertainments, titikets for which unemployed can sell on comission.
(New London, Cann.)
Establishing "Odd Job Bureau." (Various cities)


An. advertising campaign appealing to the employers to cope with unemployment.
We give away "Situation Wanted" advertisements to those out of work for a period
of two months.
(Springfield, Mass.)

A plan of "One days income for the man with a job to help the man without a
job" has brought e. very satisfactory results. We have now a good emergency fund to
take care of the needy for some weeks to come.
(Savannah, Ga.)
Of course, one of the obvious means of remedying local unemployment conditions
has been by means of public projects either speeded up in winter Dr inaugurated out
of season, or by means of creating new projects solely for the purpose of giving
work to the city's unemployed. Some accomplishments have been:


A bond. issue of $490000 was authorized by the City Council on October 10th
The first gang of men employed with those funds was put to work on October
They worked until October 31 when an entirely new gang was employed, (Toledo,



The city issued a bond
This money is being used to make
of $475,000.
permanent improvements through the city.
Same is giving work at pras-ent to about
400 men. These men are alternated every to weeks, so UD to date we have furnished
work to approximately 1,320 men.
(Davenport, Iowa,)

Work has begun on a $360,000 sewer, which will give employment to a good deal
of skilled labor,
(Spokane, Wash.)
Audit was made to determine what funds it could designate for public works,
and finding that $163,000 could be made immediately available, it commenced work
on parks and streets with a constantly increasing payroll of deserving man, which
now-aggrogates above 1200.
(Indianapolis, Ind.)
We carried a bond issue for the extension of water mains amounting to $100,000,
which we are more than thankful for; it gave us a piece of relief.

Public work amounting to $400,000; now hotel building, $500,000; for schools,
$700,000; mew Y. M. C. A, and Community Building, $700,000. (Middletown,
Municipal bonds were sold and through the money provided in this way, work was
(Youngstown, Ohio)
provided La-the city parks for man with families.
The city is building a new harbor and a new library at a cost of $3,000,000,
both of which projects give employment to hundreds of man when the weather permits.
(Wilmington, Del.)


An extensive street building programme has been undertqken by the city..issuing
$200,000 in street improvement bonds, with the idea of increasing this after June
1, in order both to advance the city in the way of permanent paving and to give
(Wilmington, N. Ce)

The local labor situation has been greatly relieved during the past few months
by the eroction of three handsome public school buildings, and many men are now
being employed in extra number of mtnicipal paving contracts. Work will shortly
begin or an extensive scale on a norther of road and bridge contracts in the kicinity
It is proposed to spend
of Pensacola, built by Federal, State and County aid,
(Pensacola, Fla,)
several hundred thousand dollars.
Our City Council on February 16 ap,xcpriated the sum of $10,000 to be expended
by the Commissioner of Public Works for the employment of labor on such emergency
This public work consists of
public work as is available at this time of-yaar.
preparing store for the stone crusher, and the cleaning af gutters and removal of
ice An preparation for the spring thaw.
(Portland, Me,)
City Government has issued half-million dollars to continue public workiand
jobs will be given to citizens.
(Dayton, Ohio.)
Small untamoloynent due to large activities on public wor'..s.
;Allentown, Pa.)

Two new bond

loans passod to .stimulate buiness.

$250,000 worth of bonds will be sold during January for the construction of
(Hazleton, Fa.)
sewers and street paving which will be in operation during 1922.
$2,000,000 for public works has been authorized in Los Angeles County. Money
(Los Angeles, Cal.)
to be spent on state -highways, and other piablic improvements.
City floating a
(Savannah, Ga.)

$300,000 bond issue

to provide work for the unemployed.

The city opened a munic'pal wood yard where the unemployed can obtain jobs.
The municipal wood yard duos not pay as high wages as the usual scale in Boise,
but a number of grocers have pledged themselves to supply groceries at cost to the
men on this release work, thereby making the wages paid serve as much an the
regular wage scale would.
(Boise, Idaho.)
Bonds have been issued for city improvements to give work to the utleml)loyed.
(Shreveport, La.)

Public works in the amount of $250,000 started. Mayor to tai oa np with 2=vard
of Estimates an appropriation of $1000000 for use faruemergoncy labor" (Baltimore,


Advertising during present month for $4,000.000 of public sewer work in tunnel.
Also keeping men on city payroll repairing sidewalks, etc., which work, ordinarily,
(Detroit, Mich.)
would be done away with at the approach of winter.
.Appropriated funds for extensive paving, water main and sower construction
giving -employment to a greatenumber - giving each man one week's work out of every
(Hamtramck, Mich.)
$4,300,000 bond issue being voted on to provide good water,

(Saginaw, Mich.)

Under an emergency clause in the ch6rter, the city is authorized to borrow
The money to
$100,000 for the purpose of giving employment to men with families.
be used for the building of sewers, repair of bridges, r3moval of snow, etc.
(St. Paul, Minn.)
Bond issues being made to take care of public improvements, and relieve the
unemployment situation.
(Schenectady, N. Y.)
The rotation of workers in the same job was one of the strongest recommendations in the President's Conference on Unemployment. Two and even three shifts on
the same work is not uncommon Where the emergency is great. A few ideas:
Any industries which are running full time, or practically full time, with a
smaller force than they usually employ, should, if it doss not mat3rially increase
their costs, call back their old employees and work all on a part time basis. A
great many plants of the city are doing thisr which has helped considerably in relieving the unemployment situation.
(Erie, Pa.)
Work was provided in the city parks for men with families.
ided into two gro72ps and worked in two weeks' shifts. One group
other came off,
The Mayor's Committee has also interviewed the heads of the
Youngstown District and as a result, it has been agreed that the
back their family men in two weeks' shifts, as far as possible.

The men were divwent on as the
steel mills of the
mills will take
(Youngstown, Ohio.)

Contractors and employers were requested to keep one or two man in each family
on the payroll rather than more, if there wore more in the families, and to hire,
to a large extent, those living here and who had dependents on them. (Pittsburgh,

The street department has kept large force of men at work. It maintains a
three day shift and new men are being continually added. A card index is maintained.
The street department has spent $65,000 for additional work to keep unemployed at
(Bristol, Conn.)


Railroad shops will be closed
of other forcea regulated in order
arrangement all employes will bear
was formerly the practice, thstead
ment to carry the entire burden as
ville, Ky.)

on certain days each week and the working hours
to bring about the desired result. By this
their proportion of the decreased earnings, as
of throwing sc.e of their fellows out of employrequired under the national agreement. (Louis-

The first gang of man employed with those funds was put to work on October 15t1.
They worked until October 31st when an entirely new gang was emplpyed Thera was
some variation in the tire employed because additional men were hired.from time to
time during the two weeks. The payroll for the first shift contained 85 names and
The wage paid to these
the total of the checks for that period was about $36,030.
men is at the rate of 50 cents uer hour.
These man were paid off
A second shift was hired from November 1st to 15th.
this week. They numbered 1,090 and they received an aggregate pay amounting to
On the 16th of this month; last Wednesday, 6007:an were employed for
a two-weeks' shift.
(Toledo, Ohio.)

The city has endeavored for the past seven or eight months to relieve the
situation by giving men five days' employaent each month, the Civil Service rules
in the State being suspended for that purpose.
(Cambridge, Mass.)
Many a municipality has solved its local problem by way of the "Odd Job" campaign.
Numerous employment committees have sought out and created various means of
temporary employment, and, have made the suggestions by posters, blotters, telephone,
cards, dodgers, and through the public press.
Some are

Spade the garden.

Fix up that back fence.
Byild a sleeping porch,
Cover your splintery floors with hardwood.
Tile the bathroom.

Wall off a play-room in the attic.

Do your plastering and cementing this winter -- not next spring.
Take out ashes from the chimney.
Clean the basement.

Whitewash the cellar.


Mend and polish furniture.
Wax hardwood floors.
Repair the steps.
Kalsomine rooms.
Decorate the parlor.
Wash the windows.
Have your clothes pressed.
Tidy up the yard.
Saw wood into kindlings.
Paint the auto.

Where everything also fails, it is the community's obligation to care for its
own when willing would-be workers nave reached the point of destitution and are
suffering from hunger, cold and all the evils that follow. The generosity of the
American people is proverbial, and they have not failed their less fortunate fellow
citizens in the emergency which has confronted so many communities when times are
slack and jobs are few. Some expedients:


Community Chest of $500,000 raised, which includes an item of $50,000 for emergency fund for unemployed.
(New Haven, Conn.)
Small suns of money advanced to persons who give a personal note in fauor of
the city for the repayment of same. This keeps borrowers from being put on the
pauper list, and persons retain their self respect in that way.- (Hartford, Conn.)
$290,000 raised in Charity Drive which is being distributed to charitable organizations.
(Kansas City, Mo.)
Finance Committee of Chamber of Commerce will loan up to $100 to any man of
good and reputable character and accept his note for a period of 90 days at a reasonable rate of interest. Interest is charged to make up any loss which might COMB
from failure to pay.
(Poughkeepsie, N. Y,)
City Council appropriated $10,000 for Mayor's Unemployment Committee.
(Cincinnati, Ohio)


When able bodied parsons appli3d for relief they were required to perform
labor in the Service Department;. received necessaries of life in return. (Lima,
City Council, out of its general fund, turned over $50,000 to the Central
Association to be expanded in relief for the needy, sick and unemployed. Applicants were asked to sign note and funds advanced are expected to be repaid as
soon as employment is secured, either in part or in full. (Racine, Wis.)
The Community Chest Organization raised its quota of $3,500,000 in one week's
time, and is condident that enough more would be forthcoming in emergency to prevent extensive suffering in the city. (Cleveland, Ohio)
Appropriated $69,609 for groceries and other neeessities of life, and gave
relief to 1,113 families.
$86,000 was the mount expended during the year for relief of the unemployed.
(Buffalo, N. Y.)
City appropriated $80,000 for relief.

(St. Louis, Mo.)

UP to October 21, 1921, the Common Council appropriated emergency funds of
$1,750,.000 for relief of the unemployed. This money was loaned, as necessity arose,
It is estimatet that
to applicants for relief, mostly because of unemployment.
about orla4ourth of 'the relief given is being returned in work performed for the
(Detroit, Michigan.)
We have an organization for the purpose of raising funds by popular subscrip
We also receive donations
tion in which fraternal orders and churches have joined.
of food, especially tomatoes, beans, meats, etc., for the purpose of making soup.
(Logansport, Ind.)
The responses to this fund have been very liberal.

We have had numbers of our citizens employing one man one day a week simply
making work for him, to prevent him from becoming an object of charity.
Island, Ill.)
At the present time the city is working over 100 men a day, on what is known as
grocery slips, that is the man work two or three days each week and receive in reOf course the heads of families only
turn orders on grocery stores for groceries.
are given this privilege.
(Lima, Ohio.)
A drive to SOCUTe funds during Which approximately $25,000 per month was subscribed $1.50 for every dollar subscribed by the individuals. This made our total
Relief was extended by the Adminissubscriptions well above $60,000 per month.
tration -Committee, consisting of groceries, meats, fuel, wearing apparel, employ(Butte, Mont.)
ment, housing and sickness to a total of 2,500 families.

In regard to homes, we have procured a number of portable houses, which are
very comfortable, placing them on vacant property to ba used for the unfortunate
(Little Rock, Ark.)
during these strenuous times.


-oeasure, placed with the Associated Charities, $1,500
The city, as an emerge
to be used in giving help to families,
The Associated Charities listens to every mants. story, tries to returni-thim to
his homeNpr friends or place of settlement, Failing thia'i. if he is a superior type
of man, it gives assistance until he can be provided forsin'.some other satisfactory
If he is shiftless - a drafter who patently is making the unemployment situation an excuse for roaming - we refuse any assistance further than a meal.(Portland,


We have also what we call the budget system of providing weekly payment to
widows haring small children, and are found worthy of having these small sums themselves rather than receive grocery order's or the like from our Welfare Department.
Le also issue orders, in the case that requires it, for groceries, for chaes, for
coal, for rent, and in addition to that, we frequently have donations made of clothing and various other necessities, Which we distribute as judiciously as possible.
Last week, through the medium of the public school pupils, each donating a
small amount of potatoes, onions, apples and other necessary food products, the Welfare Department was able to distribue 1,200 bags to those dependent upon the city
for aid.(Buffalo, N. Y.)
In well ordered campaigns to provide employment or relief for the jobless a
system of registration is necessarily of prime importance. How to reach the unemployed; hew to single out the man ,41.10 needs a job from the one who would rather not
work if possible, is a real problem solved by registration and investigation. How
sample communities have achieved this:
A total of 2,800 man were registered at the engine houses.

(Akron, Ohio)

The City Council appropriated money for the municipal registration office to
take care of the man out of -Isork while the Yourg Women's Christian Association
looked cut for the women. The Y,M.C.A., Red Cross Service Station,and Builders
Exchange were designated registration offices, and citizens were called on to get
in touch with them.
(Columbia, S. C.)
The coradttee has established six points cr registration for unemployed resiA public
More than one hundred r,egistrations have thus far been received.
appropriation has been made for a secretary for the counittee who will devote himself to publicity and who will conduct a clearing house for employers and applicants
for positions.
(Stockton, Gal.)


The papers agreed to run the Registration Blanks and Job Blanks for several
weeks, and through this source We secured complete new registration of about ;500
(Cincinnati, Ohio)


An employment bureau was established with offices at the city hall. A competent clerk was put in charge and a coeplete record is made in each case. Every person seeking employment registers at this office. Letters are sent to the different
industries advising that of this bureau and requesting that if they have any positions open to notify this bureau.
(Bayonne, N. J.).
The Mayor has appointed an Emergency Unemployment Relief Committee which is
attempting to reJleve the situation somewhat by having all unemployed men and women
register at this office.
(Bristol, Conn.)
The committee has comerunicated with emnloyars generally to secure as much cooperation as possible and requested them to require applicants for positions to
present the card of the free employment service maintained by the city, thereby
(Houston, Texas)
getting afull registration as possible of the unemployed.

The Committee unanimously designated the State Employment Office as the Clearing House for all employment wbrk, and the office has been most successful in carrying oui7 this work. Every retail and wholesale concernhas also had a personal
latter -urging them to make known their wants, whenever they need any type of worker
through the Clearing House. The manufacturers of the city are only hiring their
workers through the Clearing House, as a result of a personal letter, Which was
(Syracuse, N. Y.)
sent to each manufaturer by the Chairman of the Committee.
We published advertisements in the newspapers and asked those who were not
These were turned
employed to send in blanks. Between 250 and 300 blanks came in.
over to the era ploytent agency and quite a number of them were given positions by
local industries E111d in other ways the situation was temporarily relieved.
Wayne, Ind.)
We have advertised in the two local papers on several succeeding weeks in a
good display ad that emoloyers should apply to the Municipal labor Bureau and that
the unemployed should also register there.
Such expenses as have been incurred,
and these are very small, have been borne by unexpended appropriations for civic
(Kearny, N. ,J.)
We established

a Municipal Employment

Agency under the direction of the Mayor,

and up to the present time we have been aufcessful in.-placing about eighty par
of the applicants for employnent,
(Montclair, N. J.)



There are now 103 social agencies co-operating in relief work for the- unemployA central bureau of registration is being formed amongst these agencies, which
will act as a clearing house and will allow one bureau to take up a case where the
other leaves off. (Ii-xm York, N. Y.)


The city has established a r3gistration bureau for the unemployed in my office.
as Superintendent of Buildings, Where the mon can register and the people of the
city who want work done an call in and we can furnish such man as they may require,
We also published a blank form, in our local papers, asking the people to fill in
and return to us. We also took the matter up with the various clergymen of each
church, asking them to announce from the pulpit the location of the Registration
(Highland, Park, Michigan)
The committee is responsible for the card indexing of the unemployed, and the
cards will show the actual needs of men, how much work they have had during the
season, and all details, thereby giving work to those who are most tn need of it.
This work isbeing done by the City Labor Bureau. This committee also planned that
all charity work should be done by the Social Service Bureau as a clearing house,
and all employment agencies have been asked to use the City Labor Bureau as a clearing bouso
(Spokane, Wash.)
Registration of the unemployed has been accomplished through the fire stations
and the City Welfare Department has secured an appropriation of $20,000 for relief
Rotation has been used in all city work and in most plants, and several
clubs have pledged each member to give employment to some one during the winter.
(Toltde, Ohio.)



TihE4Agton, n.c,, riarch 7, 1922.

MAR 15 iJ22

My dear Mr. Mayor:

From all reports, the next few weeks will be
oong tijios trying of the presttmber of families and inent unemployment emergency. As winter nears its end,
dividuals who reach the end of their resources is bound to increase, no matter how
hopeful the prospect of seasonal employment after spring is fairly under way. This is
the time when every possible measure that is at all practicable to relieve the situation should be adopted.



There is every reason to hope thAt the worst is over, and at no time has the situation been as bad as all indications pointed last autumn. The gratifying repponse
of so many comaxmities to the appeal to their sense of municipal responsibility has
solved many a local problem, and anything: which cities and towns can do in advancing
public projects to give even temporary employment, will be of double advantage and
assistance right now. There may be an idea in reports from selected localities which

Very truly yours,


ASHEVILLE, North oarolina
From Mayor Gallatin 71oberts comes the following:
1,17e have a free employment agency in operation here and many unemployed have been
placed in various positions, we have not suffered on account of the financial depression as many other sections of thd country. The city is spending $600,000 on new
school buildings at this time, and we contemplate street paving and sewer work, which
will employ many men during the coming spring, summer and fall."


The local Municipal Employment Bureau Sports that during the past week 106 posiof which number 62 were with the
tions were secured for those making application
city and 44 in private industries; almost all of the latter, class were of a permanent


It is estimated that when the $33,000,000 public improvement program is in full
blast locally, about 10,000 to 12,000 men will be employed, including those hired by
Approximately 6,000 skilled and unskilled laborers and mechanics will be
given work by the \later Department, Highways Department, Electrical Department, Park
It is thought that when this work is well under way, early in
and Harbor Boards, etc.
the $pring,the local unemployment situation will be materially benefited thereby.

- 2

CLARKSBURG, West Virginia
The following report ccmes from

City Manager H. G. Otis:

"Our local unemployment situaticnsis rapidly improving, due to the reopening of
several factories which have been closed for some months.
"As a munici_ lity we are rushing a large amount of pdblic work in the wap of
paVing and sewering, that wadld otherwise be postponed. -antil next year, in order to
create jobs for laborers."


From Columbus, Georgia, comes the following report of J. H. Dimon:
"We have an employment bureau established, registering all unemployed, securing
work for those who seem to want work. For those that are in distress we are providing comforts through the Family Welfare Bureau.
"We are doing this in a business-like way and trying to handle the situation without being imposed upon. As the season advances, we look for better conditions and
hope that the situation in our district will not prove serious. We do not think it

Mayor A. B. Ellison, of Johnson City, writes:
"A year ago we initiated a public improvement program calling for the construction
of school buildings, the improvement of-school grounds, the -caving of streets and the
laying of sewer lines. Of course, no work has been undertaken that was not regarded
as of great public importance, but it was timed to meet just such a situation as the
recommendations of the President2s Conference on unemployment. The carrying out of
these plans not only furnishe4 employment to a great number of people during the year
just closed but seems to have had a psychic effect on private enterprise and 1921 was
the banner building year in the history of the city.
"We are now planning for the current year further street and other public
and are hopeful that all local labor demands for employment may be provided

LYNN, Massachusetts
From the Committee on Lccal Relief comes the following:
"Every employer ih Lynn is asked to secure the agreement of his employees to contribute one per cent of their weekly wage for the next ten weeks. The employers
themselves will of course contribute; if their workers do.

-3 "It is the purpose of the Cumeittee to wcrek directly through the existing lecal
charitable agencies in carrying out this geeeat preg2em, Applications for relief will
be made directly to these bodies who will give Immediate relief and all bills will
then be paid through the Exeeutive Ccmmittee.

"The Cemmittee is anxious that it &cold be understood clearly that there is no
element of eharity in this emergency relief. It is a nei.shborly service an the part
of the erytf,re cc=.anity to help the famllies who have a Ibit of hard luck'. No money
will be gieTen to applicants who require relief. Food and provisions, as needed, will
be provie.ed.

"There will be no overhead costs, as all services in this work will be contributed without charge
Every penny received by the Committee will be devoted entirely
to the relief of the needy."

MACON. Gecrgia
The Chamber of Commerce is composed of practically every business man in Macon,
and they are co-operating in every way Possible.
list of unemployment which has
been compiled by the Secretary of the Chamber new stands at 268, and all the industries and those in position to give employment are co-operating with the Chamber of
CLIImeree by alleting or proportioning employment among the unemployed, in order that
all people out of employment may make enough "to keep the wolf from the door."


None of the unemedoyed is suffering for the lack of food, clothing or shelter.
In isolated cases that ha.pben to reach the point of the necessity for public aid, the
Chamber of Ccmmerce or one of the Charities, immediately gees to the assistance, and
continues to aid until the applicants can sustain themselves, but cases of this
kind are negligible.


W. Hallowell, Chairman, Massachusetts Ccmmittee to Pronote Work, writes as


"The most constructive piece of work:, relating to unenVoyment, which has been
done by the State of Massachusetts, is the placing of 500 men at work in the Middlesex Eells and in the woods at Piverside to clean up the damage done to the trees by
the disastrous ice storm. Both of these localities are within the Metropolitan Parks

"We started 200 men at work onMemhLy, February 6th, and increased this number to
500 a week later. By checking up applicants for the work, we are able to determine
the men in greatest need and with the largest number of dependents.
"About 70 per cent of the 500 men given employment, as outlined above, are exservice men, and an encouraging feature of the lAihole proposition is that the work is
being zealously and well done, which means that the State is ree-eiving good valve in
return for the expenditure of its funds.
The psychological effect an the unemployment situation in and near Boston is excellent."

NEWBURGH, New Yorii-

So far, the course followed has been to us3 the daily newspapers of the city.
Every day, coupons are!:printed in the press to be filled cat by applicants for work
and other coupons, offering amployment.
The Y-W.C.A. and Y.MC,A. have emloloyment bureaus ana cooperate with the churches
an eealoloyment business, usually combined with some

and the business firms which do
real estate agency.

OAMAND 'California

A citizens' General Culkaittee, sponsored by civic organizations, has taken charge
relief work and is endeavoring to create employment. Through the action of this
ccmmittee, the Board of Supervisors appropriated $35,060 for road and street work. A
zunicipal empleyment bureau was opened where deserving men might register for this
hind of work.

In addition, the munici:pality has opened a wood yard to take care of the single
Adjoining the wood yard is a four-story building where the city has

unemployed men.

provided accommodations for 200 man a night.

Single men without homes are permitted

to stay there for three days and got three meals a day. In return for this they cut
wood which is in turn sold hy the city to deserving destitute families, at cost.

Churches, schools, fraternal organizations and local business men in Oakland have
been contrteuting money ema supplies regularly for the relief of destitute families,
and this, in addition to the regular relief work of the Salvation Army, has done much
to ease ccnditiens,
OMAHA, Nebraska

James C. Dahlman, Mayor, reports as follows:

"Ile have, in connection with car municipal government, a Welfare Board, which cmprohends everything that the name implies. This board has been co-operating with our
various civic organizations engaged in like activities, viz: the Associated Charities,
Volunteers of America, Salvation Army, and the Colored Welfare Association.
"Ctaha has had considerable public work going on throughout the past several
months, and all of this that could possibly be done in the cold weather, was centinued, in the effort to afford amployment to a number .of men. Our city is issuing a

million-dollar sewer and public improvement bonds; $100,000 of park bonds, and $50,000

of fire bonds. In addition to all this, we nave in course of construction in Omaha
one of the finest high-school buildings in the country; this is a three-million dollar
contract. Work on this building has gone on practically uninterruptedly for the past

several months, thereby furnishing employment to hundreds of men who would otherwise
have bean idle. To emphasize the spirit of hopefulness detaining here, we had a
"Building Show ':feeh", which had for its object the hastening of building operations
by those Who were anticipating such ivbx.


"Ctaha was

one of the several large cities that had the strike situation to conweatTered the ordeal satisfactend with; but to our great amazement and
torily, and although o had 5,e00 ren and .,:craeri "eu" in this strike,: things are beginning to adjust thamseives in fine shape. By April 1st, when all our pdblic work
will start, we shall be "out of the woods" for the season."

Many of the mills are net running full time, but are keeping all their workers aa
part time. Some are running both day and night.


In order to relieve =employment, the city has appropriated $7.5,000 for river
work along the Sacramento River and the county is pushing its road work as fast as
This work was on the regular Spring program but it was started a little
earlier than it would ordinarily have been.
Sacramento's building inspector has also
been doing considerable to relieve unarolcyment by getting private construction started, and in his last report to the City Manager, it was noted that building permits in
Sacramento are already greater this year than last.

The Chief of Police in Sacramento rerorts that there was less crime in Sacramento
during the month of January of this year than in any similar period for the past eight

A recent survey of the situation in San Francisco finds conditions considerably
improved. Unara:elo:Iment is being reduced throughout the San Francisco Bay district as
the result of an investigation of employment, undertaken in co-operation with employers and social agencies tc -orovide work for the unemployed.

A thnrough canvass of all employers, state, municipal and private in the district
is now going forward under the direction of A.B.C. Dohrmann, vice-president of the
Mayer 's unemplw/ment committee, Its Score extends down the peninsula to San Jose,
east to Vallejo and the intervening territory.
Every employer of men and women in the entire district is being urged to provide
some temporary employment for the unaml:cyed.

The camcaign for one day's incase for the unemployed has thus far netted $9,300
and contributions arc still coring in. This is the emergency fund for providing food,
fuel and clothing for the needyl'
The rent problem is being handled by a special acmmittee which has devoted its
efforts principally to seeing that there are no evictions for failure to pay rent.
They are working with real estate agents.

-6 r) The municipal woodyard is now handling transients, for wham also a lunch-counter
htrd been established and all of these who wish to chop wood can earn feed and lodging.

TORRINGTON, Connecticut
H. G. Ellis, Warden, reports:
of caring
"The town officials, through the Selectmen, are charged with the duty
for the destitute of town and borough. This care takes the form of issuing orders
for food, fuel and medical attendance and the payment of rent.

"During the past year the town and boraugh have cc-operated in the emergency, the
borough providing work an streets; and sanitary sewers and furnishing the necessary
materials and teaming therefor, with the town paying for the labor bills.
"In addition, the Maria Seymour Brooker Memorial, a charitable institution endowed as to plant but operating by public subscription, has cared for a large number of
destitute cases. The Volunteers of America have also cared for a similar number.
"The coMbination of these agencies hat,: been effective in properly caring for the
destitute of Torrington."

WILMINGTON, North Carolina
Mayor James H. Cowan writes as follows:
"The city recently awarded street work to the amount of approximately $200,000,
so that same of this unemployment might be curtailed.

Mayor Slater of Zanesville, Ohio, writes:

"Our ladies went out on the streets and sold small tags to the citizens for any
sum that the people cared to contribute, and the sum of $2621.25 was realized. Thit
was 131aced in charge of a treasurer, at one of oar local banks, and relief is being
extended to individuals, through the following charitable organizations of our city:
the Benevolent Society; the Mary and Martha Society; the Humana Society; the Wamenls
Relief Corps; the Salvation Army."

0 Qt






Washington, D.C., March 17, 1322.



dear Mr. Mayer:


Spring is fairly upon us now ;nd in the next few weeks we shall see just how
Fortunately, the
far the promise of a r.?liovod employment situation is to go.
outimistic admitted it might be, and the
winter has not been as serious as even the
unprecedented amount of outdoor work and public projects carried on in spite of
advorso climatio conditions has certainly helnod the situation very materially.
addition, thero seems to bo a slight fallina off in the number of applicants for work
at the amoloymont bureaus, coupled ';ith a corresponding increase in the nuober of
unomfoloyod for whom work is found by those saro bureaus. Some hopeful reports are
inci-oded in the following slimmary.
very truly yours,


New York

The following are e::tracts

from a lott3r written by Mayor Hackett of Albany,

Now York:

"The city officials of Albany havo boon very ,;ctivo in furnishing jobs for the
jobless, ,during the last few weeks, and will continue to be more active in the next
few weeks to come.
At the session of the Common Council held last night, I rocommended that an
appropriation of 43,000 be made, to be placed in the hands of tho Coamissioner of
Public V;orks, to give employment to about 200 men, in cleaning our streets, etc.,
for the next few weeks to assist the unomployment conditions.
"I am quite sure that the conditions in Albany will be very much im:orovod
Vie are hastening the plans for the immodiate ro-pavemont of Second Avenue,
Clinton Lvenuo, and unper Central Avenue. We are also hastening the necessary -oro-

ceedure for the building of a number of schools, which are needed in the city of
Albany, as well as some other contourplated imnroveolents.
"In my nosition as bank president, I know that as soon as the frost is out of
the ground, the building of a thousand new houses or mon) will be started.
"These additional improvements, and the building of now homes will, I feel
certain, fdrnish enough work to give employment to those who are now unomalloyed


The following comnrehensive report shows how the American Legion has met the
problem of the jobless ex-soldier:
from October 10, 1°21, to March 1, 1922:
1434 men registered.

704 permanent jobs secured; (by permanent jobs we mean they were considered
permanent at time men wore sent out. Conditions beyond the control of
this bureau may have changed their status.)
907 temporary jobs secured,

(same lasted but an hour; others several weeks.)

107 men assisted financially.
112 men were provided with beds through the co-operation of the Gibbons
Service Club and the Salvation Army.
56 were given medical attention through the co-operation of the Veteran's Bureau.
165 were given clothes.
4201 noon-day lunches served.

A Christmas dinner and entertainment was nrovided for the unemployed and their

A New Year's dinner was given to the men.
Total cost of oteration for 20 weeks, $1060.55.
Average weekly cost of operation has never exceeded $50 per week, not including
special Christmas and New Year's dinners.
No salaries except stenograrher and cook at $10 each per week.
Chairman who devotes practically his full time without 'Pay.

Managed by

rork has been financed entirely by Committee with the exception of $225 which
was pledged by Posts and the Department.
We have opened a Rest Room for men waiting for work and serve hot lunch at
If conditions become so serious that it is necessary to open dormitories,
we have a room available; also cots and blankets and can meet the emergency in
12 hours.

Our work is being carried on knde.oendent of any ether employment bureau.

We estimate that there ara about 15,000 unemployed ex-service mew,in
this number from 9,000 to ;0,000 are in Baltimore.

and of



It has been also announced that Baltimore is on the verge of a building boom
Which will go far toward settling the unemployment situation. Private and public
construction plans for the spring and summer call for the expenditure of at least
The figures
$1,000,000 a week, more than half of which will be paid out in wages.
in Jauuary for the city of Baltimore show an increase of 118 per cent over last
year in building construction as compared with 49 per cent for the balance of the

Frank X. Schwab, Mayor of Buffalo, writes to the Regional Director for New York:
"For your information I will advise you that at the beginning of the year the
City Council appropriated $150,000 for emergency repairs on public buildings, all
of this work being done by the unemployed, under direction of the Department of
Public Buildings; also $50,000,:mas appropriated to bo distributed by the Department
of Public Welfare for direct relief to the unemployed.

"In addition to this, food collections were taken in the public and parochial
schools and the city markets, Which resulted in a considerable amount of food being
collected, which was distributed by the Fire Department .1,0 the Department of Public

"In addition to this, the Council now has under consideration an additional
appropriation of $98,000 for repairs to public buildings.
"This has relieved the unemployment situation to a considerable extant locally."
Mayor George E. Gaao writes as follows:
"Our Chamber of Commerce, Rotary Club, Lions Club, and churches have all
taken lap the labor question, and a great many have been employed by their efforts.
I will say that we are having no trouble whatever in keeping our unemployad at work.
We are doing considerable civic improvements, such as building roads, parks, and
things of that nature, and our labor hare has been well taken care of."
KINGSPORT, Tennessee
This interesting letter from Mayor J. W. Dobyns, together with copies of
telegrams sent and received, shows how one exceutive solved his local problem:
"Following the suggestion of our good President in relieving the unemployment
conditions here and elsewhere, a canvass of the present and contemplated work at
Kingsport was made with the result it was ascertained that Mr. George Eastmantof
Rochester, N.Y., through his Company, the Tennessee Eastman Corporation, contemplated
building some houses. The Vice-President and General Manager of this Company, 'Mr,
P.3.70.1cox, was visiting his home office at Rochester at the time this matter was
under consideration at Kingsport.
I am attaching copy of telegram
and Mr. Eastman's reply, to whom Mr. Wilcox referred it. After authorization of the
work by Mr. Eastman, plans were effected for a most attractive and comfortable housing
development, with all modern conveniences, provision for play grounds and other things
that make homes out of houses, and the work was started.




In the meantime, a very considerable number of laborers and mechanics have
been e mployed, directly and indirectly, in connection with this development, giving
many p eople an opportunity to work, which they sorely needed- I heard from the
Manage r of this Company yesterday that these houses were about completed and would
be rea dy for occupancy next month.

After all, there were three things in it that seem worthy of attention; The
splend id initiative of the President in bringing attention to the opportunity for
the st ady of conditions in every community to see what could be found that would
the local disposition to take advantage of it; and, last but not least, men
like M r. George Eastman who would respond to the needs of the people for work.

I hate readwith much interest your report dated March 3rd, outlining the
activi ties of other communities."

(Copy of Telegram)
Mr. P.S.Thilcox,

Care Eastman Kodak Company,
Rochester, N.Y.

Following suggestions of Presidents unemployment conference have been considering
with many interested citizens hero problem of finding work for unemployed people.
Have understood you are considering building considerable group of houses.
you do so without detriment to your interests such an enterprise started now would
be of great help and would be greatly appreciated by citizens of our city.
have been successful in getting some little work started but your enterprise would
help more than anything. Best wishes to Mr. Eastman,
J.T.Dobyns, Mayor
(Copy of Telegram)

J-,-Ines W. Dobyns, Mayor,
Kingsport, Tennessee.
With an earnest desire to meet the wishes expressed in your telegram of the sixth
shall be glad to cooperate with your efforts to find employment for people of
Kings port who are out of work consequently have instructed Mr. Wilcox to proceed
with housing program if they can be built within the estimated prices.
George Eastre,n



During the early part of 1920, the Mayor called a meeting of all the charitable
organizations, civic clubs, etc., to work out a plan to care for the unemployed, and
to institute a drive to create municipal work, and stimulate local employment. As
a result, a committee was appointed, and an employment derartment organized, in
connection with trained investigators, functioning in connection with the Welfare

Each applicant for work was carefully investigated, and the more needy, and
7Yorthy placed at the top of the list of those available.

This plan has been carried forward throughout the stress of the unemployment
situation, and during the year approximately $40,000 has been devoted to caring for
dependent families, which have gradually decreased from 400 families to about150,at
the present time.

NEW YORE, New York
The Boy Scouts of New York have started on a canvass of the 5 boroughsof the
city to hunt for =possible openings for jobless men. Using the:macleinery of the
regular Scout organization, the city will be combed by boroughs, each Scout working
in conjunction with his own troop and under the direction of his troop leader.
The slogan which the Scouts have adopted for this campaign is a conversion of
the famous Scout by-word, r,A. good deed a day" to "11. good job a day," Employers who
have openings in their working forces will be asked upon location by the Scouts to
communicate immediately by telephone, Franklin 1510, with the Employment Bureau at
129 Worth Street. The boys will endeavor to povularize this number so that 1lEranklin
1510" will suggest immediately to men who want help the place where they can get it.

NORFOLK, Virginia
From Norfolk, Virginia, comes the following report:
The number of seamen unemployed has materially decreased in the last month or
six weeks and there seem to be but few of them now a care to the city, An indication
of this is that the soup line at the Union Mission averages 30 now, against an
average upwards of 100 about a month back.
F. Ashburner, the City Manager, has energetically puthed public works and
about $10,000,000 is available for improving and ezztending docks, terminals, schools,
A good deal of work should be done on State roads and an effort has been made

to hasten it.

The common labor prob3emdoes not seem to be uarticularly serious, partly because the chemical plants opening up now take on a goed many men and partly because
the farms in the neighboring country constitute an extensive but not particularly
remunerative resource for employment.
PEORIA, Illinois

It one time in 1921 there wore some 7,000 out of regular employment. The
How. situation has cleared considerably since thenand poseible 3,000 are now idle.
ever, most of these have been able to find some work of an irregular ,nature, but
Th2ee organizations, the Association of Commerce, the Merenough t o keep going.
chantls Association and the Associated Charities, each made surveys at different
times during the year and their verdict each time was that the situation did not
warrant large organized effort; that the need was being met by the proper agencies.
No nbread-linen as yet, Some plants are working full-time and some part-time.
large farm machinery plants. are still closed, and it maybe some time before they



PITTSBURG, Pennsylvania
Mayor William Magee plans to have the city itself do as much of the proposed
street improvement as possible, and thus furnish employment to Pittsburg workmen.
Often, when this work is let to contractors, outside labor, which may be cheaper, is.
brought in and the saving added to the profits of the contract.
It is proposed that the city departments provide the necessary superintendents
and section bosses and employ residents of Pittsburg, who will be glad of the
opportunity to do such work,

The money from bond issue will then be put into circulation in a way and at a
time when it will do the most good to the people of the city.


Each person who is at present employed, is asked to donate One days salary
for the unemployed, and nearly every one called upon is willingly complying with
this reauest. The first collection amounted to about $12,000,a part of which has
not yet been spent.
The parties requesting assistance do not receive money, but
orders for certain articles considered necessary in each individual case. These
orders are presented to local merchants, and thc bills in turn are paid from this
When the money is exhausted, another vollection will be taken.

W. E. Freemaa: Mayor of Springfield, sends the following:
"The city is building several sewers and doing quite a lot of street improvement; building three junior high schools at a cost of $600,000; a normal school,
$250,000 mosque.temple, $345,000. Our citizens here make up a sum of money each
fall, say $25,000, to take care of the worthy needy."

Charles /3

Braun, Secretary and Manager of the Waco Chamber of Commerce, reports:

"We do not believe there are now over 300 or 350 men out of ermeloyment in Waco.
Most of them seem to be getting by, though in some cases I think the people are very
hard up, but in the majority of cases they seem to be able- to make ends meet somehow.

"About the 10th of December the Mayor called a conference of representatives
from the various civic organizations and an unemployment committee was formed. The
Waco Chamber of Commerce was selected as headquarters where the unemployed could
register for work and where the employer could find men who need the work. One of
the local newspapers, the News Tribune, featured this very extensively for a number
of days and gave the emPloyment bureau splendid co-operation. As a result Of this
agency 650 men have been registered and practically 400 of them have been placed in
employment, though cf this number some were Placed in temporary jobs only

"Most of the unemployed were unskilled labor.
Catuenters and the various building crafts have been kept busy in Waco all through the fall and winter, as there are
a large number of small houses and bungalows being: erected.
There seems to be some
unemployment among skilled labor such as auto mechanics, certain railroad men, etc.
We have placed 75 men at Orange, a number at Mexia, and probably 50 or 60 at
Trinidad, Texas.
In other words, when it became known that we had this agency,
people looking for men callad on us in order to get the workers they needed."

WEEELING, rest Virginia

It is reported that there is no =use for destitution because civic organizations will take care of the native, the City Mission will care for the transient and
a State fund will care for ex-service men. Panhandling was stopped on the streets
They distributed a large number of
by a scheme inaugurated by the City Mission
single real tickets and placed them in the hands of reputable citizens in mang
business hcusus throughout the business section. When a man asked for assistance he
was offered a meal ticket.
Street begging stopped quickly.

-o0o -



My dear Mr. Mayor:



.,'..Atishington, D.

C., March 27,-1922.


More encouraging repo7As have, ben received during the past ten days, not
only as to the improvement in
-tcondions, but also in the more organized
methods adopted by various c
solve their own problems, and to meet
the new situations brought aboUt

Your attention is especially invited to the work done by the churches of
which mention is c:ade in the reports from several cities. This is a successful
line of endeavor, apparently, and is worth considering in your own community.

The upward trend, while not great, still continues to hold, with the number
of jobs available slightly increased, coupled with a corresponding decrease in
the number of applicants, -- a most hopeful sign.
Very truly yours,

ATLANTA, Georgia.

The Christian Council, in actively handling the situation, has created many
jobs by means of a church oampa',gn and has established a community work room for
needy women. This latter is functioning excellently.

The Council

has an ambitious program for a permanent organization to handle
and working conditions in general -- an organization
which can be expanded or contracted to meet conditions as they arise.
also plan to extend this organization to the State.
emloloyment, unemployment,

AUBURN, New York
A. J. Lauer, Chairman of the Etployers

Association of Auburn, reports as


"The Employers' Association is using every effort to place men and women
and are succeeding in a great measuxC.
,"The city officials are about to place a force of men on street department

"I am pleased to say that a good feeling seems to exist at this writing.

BELOIT, Wisconsin


J. A, Janvrin, Mayor of Beloit, writes as follows;

"Our shops, although not busy, have been running right along.
surplus labor has been directed to other channels.

The idle

The city has gone ahead with improvements such as paving, sewers and bridges,
We have a
and by dividing the Work, has been able to take care of most of it
fine organization to look after those who are poor and dependent, and are now over
the worst and on the un-grade.
"Much now building is under way and projected."
A. M. Wilson, City Manager of Colorado Springs, writes:

"I believe the unemployment situation in Colorado Springs is improving and
that it will gradually continue to do so.
"We are in the midst of a $1,000,000 paving program, work on which will be
resumed just as soon as the weather will permit; plans are about completed for a
municipal auditorium, work on which should be started soon; the number of building
permits being issued is on the increase and there are a number of building projects
being contemplated."

COLUMBIA, South Carolina
W. L. Dillingham, of the City Employment Bureau, writes as follows:
"A good many unemployed people of Columbia have just become educated to the
fact that the City Council,
on the request of the Mayor's Committee on unemployment, has openad an employment bureau for the purpose of helping the unemployed
residents of Columbia to locate work. Therefore, we continue to tegister some men
and women each day whom we have not registered before. We have had more than 300
business men, housewives, etc. call on us for help from our lists and many of
these have called on us several times. The public generally is now calling on us
for all the help they are able to use. During the month of February past we
registered 131 persons; of this number we secured work for 109."

LINCOLN, Nebraska
Frank C. Zehrung, Mayor of Lincoln, writes:
"On April 10, the State of Nebraska expects to let the foundation contract
for the new capitol building at Lincoln, for which the State has appropriated
$5,000,000, and it will take at least five years to build. The city is enlarging
its water and light department both as to building and capacity, at an expense of
more than $200,000. This includes material, labor, power and the extension of
the water and light lines.
"The street department will in a few weeks start its paving and sewer work,
of which a considerable amount has been signed for. Lincoln and the County will
start work soon on a sewerage disposal plant which will represent an outlay of
around $200,000.
The County will build a number of miles of government-aided road.



LINCOLN, Nebraska (continued)

"The School Board is building at this time three schools to cost more than
$1,000,000 and we have just fin: thed one that cost nearly $600,000.
"The State and government employment offices report less applications last
month for work than any month this winter and there is a general feeling,Aat the
worst is over.
The fact that the farmers are receiving more for theirAogs and
other products has made thamfeel much better and we are all very hopeful that
hard times are a thing of the past, and that the next few years will be ones of
great prosperity."


With an acute housing shortage still existing, particularly in the ordinary type of dwelling at a moderate rental, building 'continues apparantly at
an increased pace.
Great harbor improvements to be undertaken shortly which will require
large numbers of man and much other public work to start soon. The great new
It is specifimunicipal staditm is indicated as a source of work for mqny.
Retail trade is said to be
cally dec,leelsed there is a shortage of plasterers.
very good for this time of the year.



The following has been received from Mansfield:
"The Manufacturers Club is vary much interested in being the placement
bureau for the city so far as it can, and urges the Salvation Army; the Humane
Society and the churches to refer dill cases of unemployment to it, The club
urges merchants and manufacturers to let it know whenever they have vacancies.
"It is not placing flOatere. It urges all plants to get in touch with the
Manufacturers Club when they-contemplate taking an man or when they have laid off
men, and it tries to place the men who ordinarily have regular employment. It
wishes to keep in Mansfield the men Who have been regular wage earners there and
to discourage men who pass through the city looking for food or jobs."

NASHVILLE, Tennessee
Felix Z. Wilson, Mayor of Nashville, writes:
"With our city power plant to be rebuilt, and a mammoth building program
in all lines in prospect with settled weather, it is my belief the unemployment
situation will ba reduced to a minimum.
"Certainly by April 15th, 1922, the employment situation should be normal."



/EV/ YORK CITY, New York

The New York Federation of Churches has launchod a-drive, beginning with
an "Unemployment Sunday", on March 12, One thousand Protestant clergymen ware
appealed to by letter and bulletin, which will be repeated from time to time
as new situations arise or new facts develop.
Charles Stolzla got up the first bulletin, which contains a wealth of information for clergyman and church people who are engaging in the drive.
It contains a series of 12 proposals to be presented by the minister to
his congrogation, on how to gat work, starting out with the "Be a good neighbor"
plan, whereby individuals or families will beca:Le responsible for certain others
who are in distross,
It also contains quotations for "Unomploy:.aont Sunday", facts about unemployment in New York City, a list of printod material available, an article on the
causes of unemployment, unemployment "Don'ts" for employers and a list of books
on unemployment.

The bulletin is vary complete and workablo, and contains many suggestions for
similar campaigns in other cities.

The advantage of setting up a reserve fund in good times for expenditure on
public works during periods of unemployment is illustrated by the action of the
Emergency Public Works Commission of Pennsylvania. At a meeting of the Commission
at Harrisburg on March 14, its members, consisting of the Governor, the Commissioner
of Labor and Industry, the State Treasurer, and the Auditor General, appropriated
money for public works which will immediately be undertaken. This reserve fund
was sat aside by the Legislature of 1917 with the stipulation that it shaald not
A part of the
be expended except during the period of extraordinary unemployment.
fund is now to be expended on the development of the State Park in Harrisburg, and
will give employment largely to unskilled labor.
Otto T. Mallal-y, who represents Pennsylvania with the President's Conference
on Unemployment, -says:

"If all the states and cities had similar reserve funds set aside and now ready
for use, the number of unemployed would be greatly reduced, and the wages that they
would receive would create a purchasing power and demand for many commodities which
in turn would necessitate the employment of other groups. Z. study of the effect
of such a nation-wide policy and practicable stops in preparation for a future
unomployemont period, will be a part of the work oftha Committee of the Conference
now under way,'!





Rhoda Island

The Providence Committee on Unemployment has hit upon a novel idea in the
following poster which is put up in the local employment office and elsewhere:
Everything possible is being done to provide emergency wort in
addition to what is regularly required.
Many are providing work who do not report it to this office, $o
keep up your own efforts to find employment.
it down and wait for something to turn up.
PUEBLO, Colorado
John M. Jackson, President of the City Council of Pueblo, sends the following
"Plans have been made and submitted for flood protection for the City and
County of Pueblo, for the purpose of protecting the city against floods, such as
Before taking up these plans, however, it is necessary that
accured June 3, last.
a session of the legislature be called to adopt a law so that these improvements
may be carried out. We are expecting the Governor to make a cd11 for special
session vary soon. If this law is adopted and the improvements Made it will call
for the expenditure of $3,000,000 to $5,000,000 and, of course, such an improvement
would furnish labor for a great many people.
"About $1,000,000 of paving is contemplated for this coming summer. We are
now beginning work on one of the distficts and, of course, this will help the
On the whole I think the outlook is encouraging and that we will
gradually gat 'back to normal conditions."
ROANOKE, Virginia

W. W. Boxley, Mayor of Roanoke, send the following report:
"Here in the city we are doing every piece of work we possibly can to give
men employment, stinting every department so as to enable us to acquire this money,
The railroads are beginning to start up some construction and maintenance
work that will take some man, and I think by April 1st this will be greatly increased.

"All of the operations which are carried on by individuals and corporations
are apparently working everybody that they can, and in this way I feel that our
I beunemployed condition has been very much improved in the last thirty days.
lieve in sixty days more, unless something takes place to give us a setback, that
all of our people will be at work."

SEATTLE, Washington
As an indication of the improvement of the unemployment situation in the Seattl
district the following facts aro- cited:
Construction work at the Puget Sound Navy Yard will furnish employment to
thousands because of the contract just awarded by the Government to the J. A.
The contract is for a sea wall at the
McEachern Company of Seattle for $1,000,000.
Navy Yard, which will require a year to build.
Two thousand dollars a day has lgeon added to the payroll of the Harbor Island
yard of the Todd Drydock through contracts for the repair and reconditioning of
vessels at that yard.

One hundred and thirty-six mills of the West Coast Lumbermen's Association
for the week ending February 13, cut 79,154,189 feat of lumber. The sales were

only 10,000,000 ftless than the output/
Labor conditions in Centralia, Wadhington, and vicinity are improved. There
are less men on the market and wages seem to be rising a little. Gradually industry is normalizing. All the local mills are running full-handed. Most of the
railroad men are ot steady runs again.
Settlement of the Hongkong strike has given shipping from Seattle to that
port new lif. The Admiral lino resumed booking cargo full blast from Seattle
Other transpacific
and other Sound centers this morning direct to Hongkong.
steamship lines are also preparing to book, and from present indications in a
week or ten days the old-time movement of cargo from the Sound to the Oriental
port will begin regaining its old volume. As a result of the strike, direct
booking of cargo from Seattle and other North Coast ports to Hongkong was reduced to small volume.-

SHEBOYGAN, Wisconsin

Herman Schuelke, Mayor of Sheboygan, writes the following:
"As soon as the season open t we will put to work about all the unemployed
who are satisfied to work.'

"Our program for this year will be fully as big if not bigger than last year.
We are going to build 4 lot of streets, sewers, gas, and water mains. We have
also entered into contract for a new bridge, Which will cost the city $210,000 and
also a second unit to our new High School which will cost $300,000. Outside of
that there will be quite a number of big buildings put up and lot of good residences.
So the future for this season looks even better than last year.
"I personally have urged all these improvements in streets, and water works,
just to give employment."




The following report is made by
of Toledo:


Commission of Publicity and Efficiency

Toladots 1922 program to relieve the unemployment situation has been started
with the recent authorization by the Council-of a $100,000 bond issue for park
and boulevard work. Welfare Director Newcomber has prepared a year's program
that will require the expenditure of $350,000 for this kind of work. He plans to
do most of this work through direct employment of labor.
TUCSON, Arizona
The following comes from the Industrial Bureau of Tuscon:
"While socae lines of wark have not been done as in normal times, other work
has started so that our city people have been able to shift intotthis.,

"Tucsonls public and semi-public construction has been great enough to take
care of the local employment situation, and plans for the summer and fall are
sufficient to keep unemployment to the point of satisfaction for these times of

WHEELING) West Virginia
T. F. Thoner, Mayor of Wheeling reports the following:
"The city of Wheeling is preparing to submit a bond issue to the citizens
for their ratification in the sum-of $2,000,000 for the purpose of building a
filtration plant and improving our water system generally. af approved by the
voters, work will begin at an early date. It is estimated that it will rdquire
all of two years from the -Lite work is started until it is finally completed.
"The County is also preparing to open a now thoroughfare or outlet from the
city into the country whfch will cost in the neighborhood of $180,000.
"The State Road Commission are arranging to repave several miles of the
national road running thrungh Ohio County. Contracts amounting to approximately
$150,000 have been let up to the present time.
"Contracts have been let for a number of large business buildings, as well
as .a considerable number of residences, work on which will be started very soon.
"The city is planning to do between $350,000 and $400,000 work of paving in
addition to all of the foregoing.
"I have every reason to feel that the worst is over."


Suggestions for Possible Jobs

Cleai ,Aars, attics, closets and areas
Paint walls, outside and inside

Paint woodwork
Polish floors or furniture
Attend to carpentry jobs from cellar to roof
Have doors adjusted
Have windows tightened
Have carpets beaten and cleaned
Attend to plumbing jobs
Attend to papering and calcimining
Catalogue the library
Mend library books
Have mattresses mended or re-made
Inventory household goods
Clean garage
Polish brass-work and silverware
Repair awnings
Upholster furniture
Mend carpets and rugs
Repair transom fixtures
Repair window shades
Repair light fixtures
Clean flues and plumbing traps
Whitewash cellar and coal bins
Cut and chop dead wood and boxes for kindling
Make garden and lawn improvements
Build garage and playhouse for children
Wash windows and mirrors
Vacuum clean rugs and draperies

Arrange old files
Classify or catalogue old material on the shelves or in the
Check up accumulation of reports

Have the auditing done
Have the carpets taken out and cleaned
Re-arrange partitions
Have the furniture polished
Do that circularizing campaign
Copy records, tabulate and classify past experience
Make up new list of old customers

Take inventory of stock
Have the cellar cleaned
Remove packing cases
Paint the woodwork
Build extra shelves
Have your accounts audited
Get out circulars to your customers
Attend to cellar elevator
Have the sidewalk work done
,Do neighborhood sample distributing
Inspect your property now and do not leave it entirely to
your agents
Attend to the plumbing and painting
Have the cellars waterproofed
Clean walls and ceilings
Attend to papering and calcimining
Repair and clean areas
Repair woodwork
Clean chimneys
Repair sidewalk
Paint outside walls
Repair roofs
Make garden and lawn improvements
Issued by the Committee on Unemployment, The New York
Federation of Churches, Room 9018, One Madison Avenue,
New York City. Telephone Gramercy 2077

Name of Firm or Individual
Place where work is to be done

Man or Woman wanted
Kind of work
When job begins
Probable length of job
be paid

When filled out send this card to your pastor

 Committee on Unemployment, The New York Federation of Churches,
Issued by the
Room 9018, Madison Avenue, New York City. Telephone Gramercy 2077
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis


Further details and printed matter concerning the suggestions contained in this folder will be sent upon request,
but letters of inquiry should state specifically the points
concerning which information is desired.

1Promote the "Be a Good Neighbor" plan
whereby individuals or families will become responsible for certain other individuals or families
who are in distress, furnishing such assistance as

may be needed, or seeing to it that such assistance is received through other individuals or


2Push in the community the plan to "Give
a Man a Day's Work" by suggesting through
printed cards and other methods of publicity old
jobs which might be given to the unemployed by
housekeepers, office managers, storekeepers, landlords and others.

3Hire, with the co-operation of the neighbors on various blocks, men to keep sidewalks
and area clean, each neighbor paying approximately 50 cents per week for this service, arrangements being made through the local church
whereby the men shall be given brooms and such
other utensils as may be necessary.

4Urge upon employers of labor in the church

their religious duty to help find Work for the
men and women affiliated with the church.

5Get in touch with needy people through
the public school.

There will be an increasing

tendency this winter to take children out of

school and send them to work because their fathers have lost their jobs. The unemployment
committees or members of the staff should work
in close co-operation with the public schools in
order to help avoid such action, which cannot but

result in great harm to children of our city.
Scholarship funds for such children might be


I will 1%03 a needy family
individual or see that somebody

ei* does



Name Mrs.


Kind or extent of assistance I will give

I do not object to being known to the person or per-

sons assisted and will not deal directly with them.

I prefer to co-operate with the following church

agency in dealing with the person or persons

I am affiliated with the following church

Issued by the Committee on Unemployment,
The New York Federation of Churches, Room 9018,
One Madison Avenue, New York City
Telephone Gramercy 2077

0* Ai 17. W

Washinton, D.C., April 17, 1922.
My dear Mr. Mayor:
Among the outstanding features of the work in New York
City has been the employment drive of the New York Federation
of Churches.

The leaders of this movement planned an "Unemployment
Sunday;" they aroused the clergy and the employers in their
conregations; they distributed bulletins and printed
literature freely; and they so created sentiment that an
appreciable change has been made in the situation.
The New York Federation of Churches has kindly contributed enough of this printed literature (with the exception of its bulletin, now unfortunately out of print)
for this office to distribute samples to all recipients of
the matter sent out by The Presidentts Conference on Unem-


The enclosed cards are forwarded to you with the idea
that they may be useful to the churches in your own community.

In case you desire the printed bulletin there are
enough on hand to fill a limited number of requests.

Very truly yours,

Tho Wisconsin Industrial Commission, through Fred M. Wilcox, Chairman, reports
that during January and February a campaign to advertise the employment offices
among the farmers was carried out. Circular letters wore sent to over 3,000 farmers. Letters wore written
county agents. Newspaper stories were sent
to the country papers and several agricultural papers. Charts showing the farm
labor activities of the Commission were exhibited in connection with the Farmers'
Course at the University in January, and the superintendents of the offices attended many farmers t institutes and had opportunity to explain the service which the
offices can render.

to all the

In January, places were found for 173 applicants out of 319, and in February,
221 out of 421.



Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102