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EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT

JAMES T.WEETE & CO.

CIONAL CYCLOPEDIA.

70 FTFTI-1 AVE. NEW -Y-ORA

optAIIERICANIMOGRAPPLY

IThvember 29, 1924.

Benjlmin Strong,
15 Nassau treet,
New York City.
T.)ear Sir:

A biography of you is to be prepared for the
National Cyclopedia of American Biography, and, as certain
facts of your life and work are attainable only at your
hands, we are writing for the information indicated on the
enclosed questionnaire.
We are including your biography in a carefully
selected group of prominent American Bankers. By describing
the work of these men, we aim to present an account of the
banking industry in this country, in terms of biography.
For this purpose it is necessary for us to have
complete details of your work, of what you have accomplished
in your special line. A description of the present capacity
of your bank and its special features gives value to an
article of this kind.
We shall greatly .appreciate your assistance in
helping us to compile an accurate and complete biography.

Yours very truly,
Geor e Derby,

M.

Managing Editor.

Decorber 9, 1924.

r. George Derby,
an agi ng Editor,
Tho Netionet Cyclopedia of "imerican Biography,
70 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y.

My dear Sir:
On Nc,vember 29, 1924 you wrote asking for informetion eoneerning Mr. Berijsm5a Strong, to enable you to compile an ccurate and compete biogrephy of him for inclusion in The Netional. Cyclopedia.. of American
Biography, with those of other prominent American Bankers.

The following outline will, I believe, give you such information as *111 be required for this purpooe:
Benjamin Strong wae born in rldakill-on-Hudeon,
(now Beacon) Dutchelie County, New York, on December

22, len.

Hie father, Benjamin Stron, (Born Nov. 1834,
died Nov. 8, 1915: lee graduated from Columbia in 1854.

He was a railroad officer, interested in baking, and
retired about 65 years of ege. Wee an seeociate of eer
Morri,e.,Ke Jesupel

- is mother, Adeline Torrey Schenck, wee the
daughter of Rev. Dr. William Edward Schenck of the

A

r

Presbyterian Board of Publication, Philedelphie.
Benjamin Strong attended the Montclair (N. J.)
High LIceool, but did not ,greduete. He attended no
college, but in June 1918 tee awereled the honorary
degree of L.L.D. by Princeton University.
At the age of 18, before graduating from hieh
echool, he eterted as e clerk la the old bF.,nk-iee firm
of John Paton and Compeny, which had succeeded the
firm of Jesup, Paton and Company, originally Morris

K. Jeeup and Company, - in the 70e and 80e one of the
leading firms of banicere in New York, which has now
diseppeared with the d.euth and retirmeet of partnere.

ifier-feth.erewas essocieted withMorris X--. Jesup, .'. the

f
'

eoideheed of the firm, in verioue railroad matter e in
which he was interested, Benjamin Strong Sr. looking
after most of his business and becoming one of his
executore upon his death.
After ebout nine yett:Te with that firm and its
successor, Cuyler Morgan and Company, he accepted a

junior office (ftesistant secretary) with the Atlantic

A-

National Cyclopedia of American Biography

12.9. 24

Truet Company, one of the older and more coneervative trust

all business.
Subsequently beceme
secretary.
When that company consolidated with the Metropolitan

companies with a

Trust ComRany in 1902, Benjamin Strong beceme eecretery of

the latter through the consolidation.
*

After a year he became secretary of the Bzinkere Trust
Commpady, which had then just been organized. In the course

of the ten or eleven years following, he was a director
and member of the executive committee of that company,

becoming leter vice president, and, finally, president,
upon the retirement of E. C. Converse, at the end of 1913.
At that time Benjamin Strong was e director in various
railroads and corporations, including Rock Island, Seaboard

.

Air Line, General Electric Company, Internationel Paper

Compeny, American Light and Traction Company, Commonwealth
Power Company, Astor Trust Company, Commercial Truet

Company of Philadelphia, International Agricultural Corporation, international 1.otor Company, Foundetion Company,
Electric Bond and Share Company, Utah 'eower and Light
Cumoeny, etc-.

He ecVptedethe position of Governor of the Federal
Reserve benk, of New York Prior to its orgenieetion in

October 1914

Prior to that time he hed engaged in various
activitiaa growing out of the outbreak of the war, especially in handling shipmente of sold to Wrope by the

U.S.S. lenneeeee, wnieh waa arranged by a committee of
which Benjamin strong was cheirmen; and later in handling
a. fund of $100,000,000 of gold for the purpose of meeting
foreign obilgatione of VO41011E3 kinds in dealing with the
foreign exchange market.
The yeere 1914 to 1917 were spent in building up the
orgenikation of the Federal Reeerve Bank of New York, ex-

cept during a period of about a year of illness spent in
te Weet.
in 1917, upon declaration of war, Benjemin etrong
beceme chairmen of the Liberty Loan Committee of the

Second Federal Reserve District, consisting of the following:
Benj. Strong, Jemee o. Alexander, George F. Baker,

Allen B. Forbes, Waiter E. Frew, Gates W. McGarreh,
J. P. Morgen, Seward Prosser, Charles H. Sabin, Jacob H.
Schiff, Frank a Vanderlip, Martin Vogel, Albert H. Wiggint.
George W. Davidson, William Woodwre; r--44iii- iibili-cibitt-1 man

of the Capital Issues e;ommittee of thg Second Federal Reserve District; as well se various other orgenizetione
connected with war finance.

Accepting this office necessitated his retirement
from all other business activities of any character.
( He was ineligible for military service and his
war record consists entirely of that associated with
Government finance.

In 1918 Benjamin Strong received the cross of

.

National Cyclopedia of American Biography

12.9.24.

Chevalier of the Legion of Honor from the French Goverment.
Benjamin Strong is member of the following el ub s:

Century
Down Town Association
Metropolitan, New York
Metropolitt:11,
National Golf Links: of' Ameni

Links
Links Golf Club
Piping.Roz.,..k. Club

Congressional Country Club, Washington

lie is aLso a member of the following &Blei tionet

Chmber of Commerce, State of New York,
Interaetion41 Member of Com" .:rce,
Merchants Association of 14,iw Y.ork,
Cl,amber of Commerce of the U. 5.,
American Chilmber of ,,ommerce, Paris,
French-American Climber of Commerce, N.Y.

lioneet ballot Ascociation,

Ametricn,n Acderny of Political and
:',soci.P1 Science,

American StstIsticr-,1 Ac8Ccit.tion,
Afficirioara Vu sews of Natur,1 History,
tetta1e6111 Society of the French
Le&ion of Honor,

,

Economic Club of N. Y.,

Frince Amcrice Society,
Japan Society,
N.Y. Botanical Society,

N.Y. 7oo1o;ic1 Society,
,

Pau American Society of U.S.
American Geographical Foe.
Lcaguc. of Foreign Born Citizens
Dutchoec County Socisty
-.nkerL, Forum

Bond Club

.1terietn Institute of Banking

Very truly yours,

Secretary to
Mr. Benj. Strong.
in the fall, of 1907 Benjemin Strong we appointed chair-mon
of e committee which made examintione of the trust companies
which encountered difficulties during the prinip.t,nc:, vowing out of that work he was brought into contact with a group

of 1.-p.takers -cting in an unofficial c,pacity to .vise Senator
A.V rich during the propention of the cm-called Aldrich Plan.

438./thW.

National. Cyclopedia. of American Biography

12.9,24.

Chevalier of the Legion of Honor from the French Government.
Benjamin Strong ie e member of the following, clubs:

Century
Down Town Association
Metropolitan, New York.
Metropol ttLn, W eh tag ton

Linke

Line Golf Club

National Golf Linke of America.

Piping, hook Club
Congressional Country Club, Washington

He ie also a momber of the following associations,

Chr:mber of Commerce, State of New York,

Interritional Chamber of
Merchants Association of

Commorce,

New York,

Chamber of Commerce of th e U. S.,

Economic Club of N. Y.,
France America
1 parl Society,

N.Y. Egotanical Society,
N.Y. 7oo1oi'ic'q Society,
French-American Chamber of Commerce, N.Y., Pan 4.aerican Society of U.S.
ltif,knest ballot Aseociatic.)n.,
American Geographical Soc.
Americttn Acdemy of Political and
cguc of 7ornign Born Citizens
Science,
Dutchesc County Society
American Chamber of i,oreme roe, Pa,rie,

Are rican Stt1.stical Association,

.American Museum of Netur.4 History,

American Society of the French
Legion of Honor,

bank rL Forum
Bond Club

Attericl.r. Institute of Banking

Very truly pure,

Secretary to

tr. Benj. etrong.
In the fall. of 1207 Benjemin Strong ,he,E4 t.pointed chai man
of a committee which made exorinations of the trust companies
which encountered difficulties during the panip.ano., growing out of .that work he wau brought into contact with a group
of bankers acting in an unofficitil cf..pacity to AV i 8 e Senator
A Urich during the preparbtion of the co-called Aldrich Plan.
28.1thie
*

EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT
THE ATIONAL CYCLOPEDIA
OF AMERICAN SIOGRAPFIY

JAMES T.vviilr 84 CO.
70 FIFTR AVE. NEW YORK

Aug. 1, 1925

Mr. W. Randolph Durgess
33 Liberty Street
New York City
Dear Sir:

You wrote us under date of February 5th that you were assembling bicgraphical data to enable us to prepare for this Cyclopedia an account of the life and career of your friend, Benamin Strong, Governor of the Federal Reserve Bank.
In reorganizing this department we have come across your letter and, on
searching our files, find that the information has to date never
been received.
I am calling this matter to your attention because we are
anxious to include an account of Governor Strong's life in the
forthcoming volume of this Cyclopedia and should, accordingly,
appreciate it if you would send me the information requested on
the enclosed questionnaire at your earliest convenience.
Yours truly

40!
MC.

ORGE D

le

Y, Managing;;,..

!u..,7.7u:t 5, 1g25.

Mr. George Derby,

Managing Editc.r, Nttionai
70 Fifth Avenue, New York.

Dear Mr. Derby:

1 hav

jueL rsceivr:d your 'letter of ,ugust 1.

sui.se:,,1 that G,,- .nor tong'

biegrmplay trad ion

forwara to you

before thie, since I pre re acapJ material a number
aria turned it over to him tcverify.

1 haa

months ago

Governor :,trong ie now in

Europe and I Lm ,..fraid that the final transmission of the informa-

tion to you :i1i have to await his return this

utumn.

I shalt

bring it 4:0 his attention as soon as ne is agAn in thie country.
Very truly yours,

Randolph 3urgess

September 19, 192b.

Mr. George Derby,
mag,in, Editor, The Matione.1 Cyclopedia
of American Biography,
TO Fifth Avenue, New York.

bear Sir:
Dr. Burgeee Lau handed your letter of August 1
to Governor Stiong, 'Tato aeke me to uend you the enclosed

biographical data for ,inich you asked somc time ago.

It is,

chiefly, just a rearrangement of what waS earlier furnished
you, and the delay hae been caused by several long ;Absences

H.nd the pressure of other amttere on Mr. Strong's time.
Very truly yours,

Secretary to Mr. Benj. Strong.

Eno.

The name Benjamin
Benjamin

New York.

Strong has for wily years been known in financial

Strong's great grandfather,

Benjamin Strong, began business

life ae a clerk of Alexander Hamilton when the United States Treasury was opened,
and later was an organizer, vice
for Savings.

president and

president of the Seamen's Institution

His father, Benjamin Strong, (born November, 1834 - died November 8,

1915) wes graduated from Columbia College in 1854, and was a railroad officer interested in banking, who retired at about sixty-five.

With Morris K. Jesup, he was

interested in various railroad matters, Benjamin Strong, Sr. looking after much of

one of his

Mr. Jeeup's business and becoming

executors

upon his death.

Adeline

Torrey

Schenck, the mother of Benj. Strong, is the daughter of the late Reverend Dr. William
Edward Schenck of the Presbyterian Board of Publication, Philadelphia.
Their eon, Benj. Strong, wes born in Fiehkill-on-Hudeon (now Beacon)
Dutchess County, N. Y., on December 22, 1872.
High School, but did not graduate.

Princeton University

his work in

awarded

He attended the

He attended no

college,

Montclair (N.J.)

though, in June, 1918,

to him the honorary degree of L.L.D.

in

recognition of

war finance.

When Benj. Strong was 18 years of age, he started work as a clerk in the old
banking firm of John Peton & Co., which had succeeded the firm of Jesup, Paton & Co.,
originally Morris K. Jesup & Co., - in the 70's and 80's one of the leading firms of

bankers in New York, which has now disappeared with the death and retirement of
partners.

Cuyler

Following about 9 years of service pith that firm and its

Morgan & Co., he became

E.

junior officer (assistant secretary) of the Atlentic

Trust Company, one of the older and more
business.

successor,

conservative

trust companies with a small

Subsequently, he became secretary of that company, and, in 1902, when the

Atlantic and the Metropolitan Trust Companies were consolidated, Benj. Strong became
secretary of the latter.

In 1903 the Bankere Trust Company

IVES

formed ES one of the

forward looking New York banking institutions, and Benj. Strong was made secretary.

-2-

Strong wes made chairman of

When the 1907 panic burst on New York, Benj.

an informal examining

committee organized by the larger

interests to make

companies affected in connection with efforte to extend

examinations of the trust
financial aid.

financial

The work of the committee played an important part in dealing with

a serious crisis, which might have become disastrous,

and

in

bringing

stability in

the financial situation.

Benj. Strong's

activity in

1907 brought

him into close

contact with a group

of bankers who were acting in an unofficial capacity to advise Senator Aldrich jr
the preparation of his plan which looked toward banking reform.
In the course of

about 11 yeere, Benj.

Strong held successive executive

offices in the Bankers Trust Company until he became vice president, and, finally, in
1913, on the retirement of E. C. Converse,

larged his activities and connections in
director in a number of railroads and

Air Line, General

president.

verioue

During that time he had en-

directions, so that he

was then a

corporations, including Rock Island, Seaboard

Electric Company, International Paper Company, American Light and

'fraction Company, Commonwealth Power Company, Astor Trust Company, Commercial Trust
Company of Philadelphia, International Agricultural Corporation,

International

Power and Light

Company, Foundation Company, Electric Bond and Share Company, Utah

Company, etc.

In addition to

these,

the

turbance of that

period.

He was the chairman of

shipment of gold to Europe by the U.

out of

the financial dis-

a committee which

E. S. Tennessee.

arranged the

He also had much to do with

handling a fund of $100,000,000 of gold for the purpose of meeting foreign
of various kinds and

in dealing with the foreign exchange

War conditions led to

found

outbreak of the World War in 1914

Mr. Strong engaged in various important activities arising

Motor

obligations

market.

the decision to put into operation earlier than had

been planned the new Federal Reserve System,

which eventuated from plans originally

undertaken by Senator Aldrich for banking stability and reform.

The governorship

Melt York Federal Reeerve Bank was accepted by Benj. Strong in October 1914,

C as a patriotic service.

It entailed the surrender of all of his other bueineue

activities, but presented the opportunity to effectively aid in the program of banking
reform in which he had long been intereeted, and in the difficult tasks of finance
under war conditions.

Entrance into the war by the United States put upon the new Federal Peserve
System an herculean teak, and many unexpected problems not contempleted by the framers

of the Act, which it net most successfully.

The performtnce of the New York bank

under the guidance of Benj. Strong is well known, but it is yet too aeon to say just
how much of the success of the Treasury's war program and, indeed, the more severe

strain of the post-war demands on the country's banking system, can be accredited to
.Benj. Strong's guidance of the New York Federal Reserve Bank and to his influence in

the larger policies of the Federal Reserve System.

His efforta have now been turned

to the less conspicuous but more permanent, activities of the System in which the
Federal Reserve Bank of New York plays 60 large,a part.

While ineligible for active military service, his war record associated with
government finance is ooaspicuous.

In edition to the recognition Princeton University

accorded him, the French Government made him a Chevalker of the Legion of Honor in

1918, and the Montenegran Goverment also decorated him.

Benj. Strong is still actively engaged in matters of finance 66 the seventh
,generation in the Strong family is beginning to enter that field. Both of his eons,
Benj. Strong, Jr. and Philip G. Strong, have now entered the banking world in New York.

s-

)

EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT

THE NATIONAL CYCLOPEDIA OF AMERICAN BIOGRAPHY
The Foremost Biographical Authority in the United States
C- Me Address: Joie, N. Y.
I Chelsea 8135
Cheleen 8138

70 Fift1.1 Avenue, New York

JAMES T. WHITE & CO.
Publiehere

April 26, 1926.

WHEN REPLING, PLEASE REFER TO NO.

Miss hi. S. Bleeder,
Secretary to Mr. Benjamin Strong,
33 Liberty Street,
New York City.

Des/ Madam:-

Mr. W. H. Malia, of our Editorial Staff, h. turned over to us your letter
of the 24th witE the corrected biography of ml- Benjamin Strong for THE NATIONAL
CYCLOPEDIA. OF AMERICAN BIOGRAPHY, and we appre ciate very much the coriection
and revision of the article.
We regret to learn that Mr. Strong is n6vintsreisted in the portrait feature of
the Cyclopedia. and feel that this must be becsals, 3 he does not fully apprecir..te
the importance of the publication and of the portrait feature. We are taking
the liberty of enclosing a pamphlet on 4-..4. value 6f tta7gcrtrait feature of the
l'- ad it he will
CyblOpedia and feelconfident t1 at if he will take occasion to
appreciate that his portrait shoould appear in this work, now so geDeraliy conceded to be this Nation's pprtfait (iallery, containing some 25,000 a'Jthentio
portraits of America's disting uie.hed men in all lines cf activity and incillding
most of the leading financiers of \the country.

We can quite readily understand thot Mr. Strong has no desire to exploit himself
through the publication of his port.rait but this is far from the undesirable
publicity to which he quite properly objects. He will also appreciate that
a work of this character must have financial cooperation other than that accorded
through its subscription last.
.

'

We are hoping therefore/ /for Mr. Strong's further consideration and know that
Mr. Melia would appreciate an opporturd.ty to explain this feature of the wo4:to him in person.
Very truly yoJrz,

jgas
FBK.LM

T. WHITE & C.

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THE NATIONAL CYCLOPEDIA OF AMERICAN BIOGRAPHY
A Partial List of Contributing, Nominating and Advisory Editors Who Have Assisted in the Past or Whe
Now
Assisting the Editorial Department in Selecting Names, Procuring Material and Preparing Biograpluels.
*ADAMS, Charles Kendall, LL.D.
Author and President of Cornell University.
*ADAMS, Franklin G.
Secretary Kansas Historical Society.
ADDISON, Daniel Dulany, B.D., Brookline, Mass.
All Saints Church.
ALDRICH, Charles, A.M.. Des Moines, Ia.
Curator Historical Department of Iowa.
A.NDREWS, E. Benjamin, D.D. Ph.D., LL.D..

Chancellor of University of Nebraska.
ilapittv, Col. Isaac W. Historian of Georgia and
Edna., of "Atlanta Constitution."
*BACON, Edwin 11., A.M., Author, Boston.
BABNWELI Joseph W., Charleston, S. C.
Secretary Historieal Society of South Carolina.
*BA.Rfa, Albert J., of tile "Pittsburgh Post."
BAXTER, Jas. Phinney, AM., Litt.D., Portland. Me,
President Maine Historical Society.
BEER, William, New Orleans, La. Librarian Howard Memorial Library.
BENJAMIN, Marcus, Ph.D.,LL.D, Washington.D.C.
Editor and Author.
*BIRD, Frederic M. Clergyman and Hymnologist.
BLAKE, Hon. Henry N., Milton. Mass, E.,-Chief
Justice, Montana.
*BLAKE, Lillie Devereaux. Lecturer and Author.
BOUTON, Miss Emily S. Contributor to Toledo
"Blade." Author. Lecturer.
'BOWKER, Richard R., New York. Editor of "Publishers Weekly," "The Library Journal."
*BRADLEY, William 0., Lancaster, Ky. Governor
and U. S. Senator.
BROPHY, Truman W., M.D., D.D.S., LL.D, Dean
Chicago College of Dental Surgery,
BROWN, John H. Historical Writer.
BROWNING, Eliza 0., Indianapolis, hid. Librarian.
Public Library.
BURTON, Clarence M.,A.M., Detrolt,Mich. Attorney.
President Michigan Pioneer & Historical Society,
BURTON, Rt. Rev, Lewis W., A.M., D.D., P. E.
Bishop, Lexington, Ky.
*BYERS, William N., Denver. President State Historical Society.
CAL VERT, Thomas E., Portland, Me. Of the "East-

ern Argus."
*CAPERS, Rt. Rev, Ellison C. P. E. Bishop of
South Carolina.
*CASTLE, Henry A., A.M., St. Paul, Mimi. Lawyer
and Author.
CATCHINGS, Hon. Thomas C., Vicksburg, Miss
Lawyer and Congressman.
*CHAMPLIN, Hon. John W., G Tud Rapide, mica.
Attorney and ex-Chief Juetina af Micaaga.
CHAUVENET, Regis, LL.D.,
cam cam. EaPresident Colorado School of altaes.
CHEERY, John Vence. Poet and
aibraiatai Newberry Library, Chicago.
*CLARKE, Richard H., LL.D. Ex-President New
York Catholic Proteevory.
CLEAVES, Henry B. Lawyer and Governor of Maine
*Bp'rPriNt'ii j., A.M. Ph.D., Easton,Pa. Author
and Pr°f'ssor Lafayette College.
*COHEN, -,.endes, Engineer and Secretary Maryland
..,l'Orical Society.
"1.,OLEMAN, nt. Rev. Leighton, D.D., LL.D., P. E.
Bishop of Delaware.
CONRAD, Henry C., Georgetown, Del. Jurist; Secretary Historical Society.
CRAIGHEAD, Erwin, LL.D. Mobile, Ala. Editor
"Mobile Register."
*CROES, J. James R. President American Society
.Civil Engineers.
BARNEY, Charles W. Ph.D., LL.D. President University of
DALTON. Mary L., St. Louis, Mo. Librarian Hisatouri Historical Society.
DAVff, Mrs. M. E. M., New Orleans, La. Author.
DAY. Jeaaes R., S.T.D., D.D., LL.D. Chancellor
Syracuse raniversity.
*DEMING, Clareame. Author.
*DUDLEY, Rt. Rea Thomas U., A.M., D.D., LL.D.
P. E. Bishop of KenfaiekY.
DUNN, Jacob P. B.S., liaalanapolis, Ind. Author
and Sec'y. Indiana, Historieval Society.
DUNNING, Albert E., D.D.. Botiaaa. Editorial staff
"The Congregationalist."
*DURRETT, Col. Reuben T. Lawyer andaalistorian
of Kentucky.
*OGLE, William H. Historian of Pennsylvaniti:a.
PALLOWS, Samuel, D.D., LL.D., Chicago. Ill.- -Author and Bishop Reformed Episcopal Church.
FAUNCE, William H. P., A.M., D.D. President
Brown University.
FERRIN, Austin W., NewYork. Editor of "Moody's
Magazine," and Financial Authority.
*FIEW, Henry Martyn, D.D. Editor "New York
Evangelist."
GAILOR, Rt. Rev. Thomas Frank, D.D., S.T.D.
Author and P. E. Bishop of Tennessee.
*GARRETT, William R., A.M., Ph.D. Historian,
Peabody Institute, Tennessee.
*GILMAN, Daniel Cott. LL.D. President Johns Hopkins University.
GILMOR, Hon. Robert. Judge of the Supreme
Bench a Baltimore.
GLEED, Hon. Charles S., Topeka, Kansas. Author
and Attorney.
GORDON, Armistead C., Staunton, Va. Lawyer
and Author.
GRAVES, Gen. John C., Buffalo. N. Y. Lawyer
and Merchant.
GREEN, Samuel S.. A.M., Worcester, Mass. Author
and Librarian Emeritus Public Library.
*Deceased

GREENE, Charles Lyman, M.D., H. Paul, Minn.
GRIFFITH, Jefferson D., M.D.. aaansas City, Mo.
GUNSAULUS, Frank W.. AM.. D.D., Chicago.
Author and President Armour Institute.
HAINER, Hon. Bayard T., B.S., Perry, Okla. Associate Justice Supreme Court.
*HALE, Edward Everett, D.D., L L.D. Author, Chap..
lain U. S. Senate.
HAMILTON, Hon. Peter ,T Ea. t Joan, Porto Rico.
Judge and Historia n.
HARDEN, William, S.a.,,,,I. h. Ga.': -..., Librarian
Georgia Historical Society.
---.
*HARRIS, Joel Chandler (LinCtle Remus). Atiihn,
*HARRIS, Hon. William T. A um, and U. S. Commissioner of Education.
HART, Samuel, D.D., D.C.I. ... LL.D., Middletown,
Conn. Dean Berkeley Div! -nit, School.
MILD, Frederick H., Chica g o, III. Ex-Librarian
Chicago Public Library.
HOBAN, Rt. Rev. Michael .aor Scranton, pa.
HOLLAND, William .1., P.,
burgh, Pa. Director C-itc'r3aDeglaDia'Du's'eLumLID.' PittsHaltaMER, Prof. :James K, , Ph.D., LL.D. Historian
and Lnaerian alinnearcaats Library,
HOWE, Daama Walt, Indianapolis, Ind. Judge,
,
Author. President a.;
imam, aagreas'r a. '"ytian a, Historical Society.
author and Editor Howe's
"Mora hly Globe,"
tchlson, Kan.
HOWELL, Clark, A' tlanta, Ga. Editor Atlanta
"Constitution."
INGERSOLL, Luthe
His,

.

torian and Biogrr raA Los Angeles, Cal,

INGRAHAM, Darby:H FL. , Portland, Me. Lawyer.
JEWELL. Marshall .3 'P"er'

Of the Bismarck "Tribune."
North Dakota.
*JOHNSTON, Col. : I. Stoddard. Editor and Historian
of lamtucky.
KEEN, Gregory-la, AM',LL.Da, Philadelphia, Pa.
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KELLOGG, haa., kcal Society or Penn.
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KENYON, Jame s B., Litt. Association. City. Poet
D., New York
and Biograph
KING, Miss G
,
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KNIGHT, Prof,
AM.. Ph
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0. Author
k'311i°.
KOBItE, GL1:4:ProfessorrC' New YorkState University.
City. Author
av, A.M.,
e 1,Jeets.
K°NKLE' 3urton, Alva., Ph.D. Legal Author and
Historian.
Mitaana.
ii_tatoeian aad Editor "Magazine
of American iiistory."
*LARNED, Josephus N. Author and Llbrairian.
LAWRENCE, William Ma D.D. Professor, Col".
University.
LEONARD, William Andrew, D.D. Auth and P.
E. Bishop of Ohio.
LEWIS, Daniel, A.M.' M.D., Ph.D., LI,. D. Editor

"Medical Review of Reviews."
LINDSAY. James H., Gainesvilte, Tex., Banker,
LOCKE Robinson, Toledo, Ohio. Jouli.maist, proprietor "Toledo. Blade."
LOGAN, Mrs. John A., Washington, D. C. Editor
and Author.
*LORE, Hon. Charles B. Chief Justica and p,,
Delaware Historical Society.
*McCLURE, Col. Alexander K., LL.D. acm.aiist
Philadelphia.
*MacCRACKEN, Henry Ma D.Da 1,1.0 Emeritus
Chancellor, University of City '4 Now York.
*McCRADY, Gen. Edward, LLD.. D.c;.L. Lawyer
and Pres. South Carolina Histericai society.
*MeGEE, W. J. Ethnologist Bunea of American
Ethnology.
*McLAREN, William E., A.M., S.T.D., D.C.L. P.E.
Bishop of Chicago.
MaeLENNAN, Frank P., B.S.. 'M.S., Topeka, Kan.
Editor of "Topeka State
MeNEAL, Thomas A., Topeka, Kan. Editor "Mall
and Breeze."
MATHEWS, Joseph H., M.D.( Association.
Ex-Pres. American Medina, LLD. Louisville,Ky.
MATTESON, Eon. Charles, LL.D.. Ex-Chief Justice
of Rhode Island.
MAYES, Edward, LL.D., Jackson, Miss. Author,
Educator and Lawyer.
MEEHAN, Thomas it-.,
N. Y. City. Editorial
Staff "America."
MOOREHEAD, F. G.. Dr. Moines, lawa. an tita

staff of the "Regieter.Theodore

LtD., S.T.D.,

C

LL.D..

Davenport, Ta. P. E. Bath,
Hon. Marcos F., Galveston, Tex. Attorney-

('A.'irondack"Murray). Author.
MYERS, Philip ". N. a.:`,
L.H.D., LL.D..
Cincinnati, 0. Ilia toria,t
Educator.
NEVIN, Theodcia W.,
,,irgb, Pa. Author and
Editor aPittsburgi,
NELSON, Rt. RP,.k., D.D., Atlanta, Ga.
P. E. Bishop qf
NICCOLLS, Samue, .1., f 6., LL.D., St. Louis, Mo.
Clergyman and Author
NORTON, Frank H. Editor and Author; staff
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*PACKARD, Alptteus S., LL.D., Scientist, Brown
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PAYNF.,, Wilhi,, M., LL.D.. Chicago, Ill. Author.
Associate Eddtor "Dial."
* 1 VI UatlikAi Vs' ,
s

;

PECKHAM, Stephen la, New York. Chem',
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*PENNYPACKER, Hon. Samuel W., LL.D. President
Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
POOLE, Murray E. Ithaca, N. Y.
*QUINBY, Theodore E., Detroit, Mich. Detroit Free
Press.
RANDALL, Emilius, 0., Ph.D., LL.B., LL.M.. Columbus, 0. Supreme Court Reporter.
RAWLIG, Francis, LL.B., Philadelphia, Ex-Pres,
American Bar Association.
RICE, Wallace, Chicago, Ill. Author, Editor.
*RICHARDSON, Francis H., Atlanta, Ga. Editor
"Atlanta Journal."
eRa.pATH, John Clark, LL.D. Historian.
B.

F., PD., LL.D., Birmingham, Ala.

aici.gaimat, and Educator.

ROBINSON, aaaank T. Art Editor, "Boston Post."

slum, George M., bt Angeles, Cal. Formerly staff
"Cincinnati Times-Sia'l.ROSEWATER, Victor, A.,Ph.B. Ph.D., Omaha,
Neb. Editor "Omaha Bee."
ROWE, Robert R., New York City. Author. formerly staff "New York World."

*RUNCIE, Mrs. Constance F., Author and Courtfaral.
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*SANBORN, Franklin B. Concord, Mass. Journalist
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*SCHARF, Col. J. Thomas. Historian of Delaware.
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SLOCUM, William F.
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*SMITH, Hon. Charles Emory, of the "Philadelphia
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SMITH, Charles W., Seattle, Wash, Librarian,
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SMITH, Zachary F. Author snd Historian of Kentucky.
,P.,Eu
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Ex-President Case School of Applied Science.
*START, Hon. Charles M., St. Paul, Mimi. Chief
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STEARNS, Frank P., Tufts College, Mass. Author.
*STINESS, Hon. John H., AM., LL.D., Chief Justice
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*SWANK, Ja les M., Philadelphia, Pa. Vice-Pros.
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TURNER, Hon. George, Spokane, Wash. Lawyer
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TYLER, Lyon 0., M.A., LL.D.. Historian and Pres.
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F,ecratary Minnesota Historical Society.
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Librarian, Public Library.
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Author anti. Educator.
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rt.ititty, N. C.
Author, Historian la' C. lattrealaa-Education.
*WEIDEMEYER,
Write,
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St. `cilia "Pioneer
FL, a
WHITEHEAD, nt.
.1.1,,.,0;."...17.15.; S.T.D.,
LL.D., Pittsburgh, Pa. P. N. 134qhfiv.
WIGHT. William W , LL.B.. ,LtIsga'n.atn, .Wis.

*Wr,

Author and Librarian, Law Library.
WILSON, George W., Jacksonville, Fla., Of the
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*WINCHELL, Alexander. Scientist.
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WISSER, John P., Brigadier-General and ex-Editor
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*WOOLWORTH, James M., LL.D., L.H.D., D.C.L.,
Omaha, Neb. Ex-Pres, American Bar Association.
WORTHINGTON, Rev, Edward W., A.M., Cleveland. 0. Rector Grace Church.
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War Dept.
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Wells II.R
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N.

William a Burt'is, head of Burns International
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York.

Central Railroad;
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S.
New York City.
A. J. Dittenhoefer, lawyer. Nee, York City.
Col, Henry A. Dupont, capitalist, Wimington, Del.
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chaAriesEGdinoDna,wiensv.enextocr,o.wpet:t Orange, N. J.
as

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rency, Chicago, Ill,

Thomas Ewing, lawyer; ex-Commiasioner of Patents.

Hon. George W. Petrel/11d, Pres, Inte\enationai Time
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1.47.(t.fi,

political reformer,

iiast "range.

7ilay Frick, financier, New York.
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Me,

Hon. gibprt H. Gary, U. S. Steel Corporation, New
York CitY,

Hon. Jamas A. Gary, ex-Postmaster General, Baltimore, bld
Hon. Hamp,Ion Gary. lawyer, Department of State,
lioWnasLeinnongato:t.

GC;egerich,

Justice N. Y. Supreme

Court.

KingasLCain, Gillette, Inventor Safety Razor, Boston.
Mass,

Daniel Guggenileim, financier, New York.
George F. Hanunond, architect, Cleveland, 0.

Hon. Joan E. Hartridge, lawyer, Jacksonville, Fla_
J. C. Hartzell, H. E. Bishop, Cincinnati, 0.
BHishjop HAebinz,rainn:inctlicahn, ,Her,biettrsbCuirtgyh, Upt:h.

A. Hecicscher, merchant, .New York City.
Hon. Edward Hersky7, lawyer and ex-mayor, Helena,
Mont,

Rev, Dr. Newell Daaight Hillis, Plymouth Church.
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etplirtosridteariattl acrihtacaCgoon_Estditisuotnionca.'

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J. G. Johnson, lawyer. r,-,1,,AY. Kane.
Charter School,
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Jones,
RiPehhaiiraddeMlp.hiJao

-,dence, it.r.

Dr. Jules Jordan, mu ;lei
John C. Juhring.

B. Leggett &

Co., New York.
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E. W. Kimball, lawyer, Litt

a/tcl

philanthropist,

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Edward Lauterbach, lawyer, Now York City.

New York.

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Dr. James C. Mackenzie, director Mackenzie School,
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Kaufman Mandell, merchant, New York City.
Hon. Lee Mantle, ex-U. S. senator, Butte, Mont
Bradley Martin, capitalist, New York City.

Rev. Dr. Frederic R. Me- elm poet and essayist,
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Hot:871'ra Chandler Chr isiY. artist, Ohio.
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Robert

R. A. Long, lumber merchant, Kansas City, Mo.
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road, New Haven, Comm.n

Herman A. Met., manufacturer, ex-Comptroller,
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Frank Moss, lawyer, New York.
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De Lancey Nicoll, lawyer, New York City.
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Eibridge G. Snow, President The Home Insurance
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Theodore Sutro, lawyer, New York.

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etAi

EDITORIAL DEPARTMEN
IA/4/144'7
flONAL CYCLOPEDIA
OF AMERICAN BIOGRAPHY

JAMES T. WHITE & CO.

IHE.

70 FIFTH AVE. NEW YORIC

Attended to'
Mr. Benjamin Strong,
33 Liberty Street,
New York City.
Dear Sir:

FEB 5- 1925

December'

1924.

_a

W. R. B.

aci510/1

The information regarding your life and work for a
biography of you, to be published in this Cyclopedia,
is here and I wish to thank you for your courteous
attention in this matter.
In preparing this biography with the facts which you
so kindly sent tome, I find that further details in
connection with your work are necessary for an article
of this kind.

I have

your statement that the years from 1914 to 1917
spent in building up the organization of the
Could you expand
Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
this statement somewhat by giving a few of your important activities and their results in this connection/
I should also like, if possible, further details of the
work undertaken by sgroup of bankers who advised
Senator Aldrich during the preparation of the so-called
"Aldrich Plan". By including these details, this
article attains historical significance from an educational point of view.

were

The Cyclopedia is not a "Who's Who" in that its biographies range from 500 to 1,000 words in length, always
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EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT

JAMES T.VVHITE & CO.
70 FIFTH AVE. NEW VORK

THE NATIONAL CYCLOPEDIA
OF AMERICAN BIOGRAPHY

Mr. Benjamin Strong

-2-

December 13, 1924.

Thank you for the attention you have already shown in

this matter and for the courtesy of these additional
details.
Yours very truly,
W. H. Mackay

Editor.
WHM:MGH

Februt,ry 5,

Yr. V. LI.

1W.2.5.

ACAckay,

V-Aional Cyclopedia, of ,mari-bn Biography,
70 Fifth ;vk2,nue, New York.

Dear Sir:

In further reply to your letter of Cecember 13 to
Governor Ltrong, let me say that acverner Strong has asked me
to tork over the mt.terial neceissary to supplement somewhat the
biographical Oat& sent you come time ago.

This work is in

preparation and I hops to send it to you vithin the course of
the next week cr ac.
Very truly yours,

11,

25.

Dominating personal characteristics.

INFORMATION FOR

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Name of earliest paternal American ancestor; his residence previous to coming to America; the date of his
landing, and where he settled.

.1

THE NATIONAL CYCLOPEDIA OF
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AMERICAN BIOGRAPHY

oril

bat at gitilutsIs

lo sliesta

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naai

Lam s (xi H (a)

JAMES T. WHITE & CO., PUBLISHERS, NEW YORK ttotilstuto'i

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Give direct line of descent from that ancestor arranged by generations:
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Name in full, spelling out the middle one.

/0 ssiab

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bas saotimsvai

,ttaisieuta a H (b)

ii 'to 9ugolain9 9,Tig

and his wife

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If a biography has been published, state where and when.
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E,d'eta0 9Idalon lo

.wal lo arroilasup
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'f

.R9'fry-b,

and his wife

4th

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Place and exact date of birth.
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total salusiriaq svig

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Father's name in full; dates of his birth and death; his occupation and any notable facts of his career.
5th

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tt.sitidcti 70 IIII0i1B91991

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lo esrast

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snoitslov

tbthf ha lo 2907811

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Address

From the President, New York Genealogical and Biographical Societp, New York."Mr. McAllister has kindly brought me the Prospectus volume of your magnificent work, and I feel like expressing my deep appreciation of your great and monumental publication. The
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11.

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1OITAMF1091011

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If a military or a naval man, give particulars of company!, regiment, etc.; engagements participated Ai
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aid 10 91sh

aoia3in.t. oi

at

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$59

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d sisdw bus ,gaibasi

If in a manufacturing or mercantile business, give the history of its development during the subject's
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.iiusdi 3(0) 3n1115qa ,IIIJ iii 5atai1

b5scialla

r.110ii1113113

asdw bsbulanl tawie STS ad/'
's

.1

If a musician, artist or sculptor, give catalogue of important works, dates of production and some
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bobulani ai aibagulat-0 s'

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15.

o'nil bithovi0

wol,i

."72

Political and civil positions held, with term of offices.

16.

If a scientist, give particular lines of researches and investigations, with results achieved.

ua

orb to 31aq sIdassanialbiii dr loc esa dcmcw, laoss.d.555th fir4WCaT041)
hatred ad at smainmasab sldaion itsd.t dihr maims/ noisiaseali. o assbarnitTh Jai( A .sbia
t.a.a.vaa .sgag ernutoY suivagano0' baa

Public positions of honor and responsibility, with dates.

r.

If a physician or dentist, give account of practice and details of specialties.

... bn2

If a lawyer or a judge, give titles of notable cases conducted or tried, involving new or unique
questions of law.

4: 1

(h) If an architect or engineer, give list of important commissions or contracts with description of special
features.

tiii to sti.i sidsiou tots biz imilaqusoo aid ; disab bas dflid aid /a &slat'

17.

51C

Membership in clubs with offices held in any of them and dates.
is! Eili bisa.

di

t nisalsa e`isillsq.
18.

id lo scasa bus Au! lai 501BR n'bifica

Membership in learned and other societies with offices held in any of them and dates.

Honorary degrees, decorations, medals and awards, with year conferred.
11w aid has..
Religious affiliations and activities.

asiis aaasilo9 baa alootbab.33aubs oasilW

Rid bus

ri38

Favorite recreations or hobbies.

.'aruo m boilsosa epssgsb Elfla ,noiiaubam lo slab ,83.1loo

';'1f1

12.

153S

r

11,ft

9man syig ,s3subsig sgsllos a II

1iw Rid bus..

.1'

When and where married. Wife's maiden name. Name, residence and vocation of her father.. (If married
more than once, give same facts of each case, with date of wife's death.)

rtuniw ciAw bus ustivr rrffW

.8

bsiqusss ssais scroiiieoq nO

.Q

yirri ,barlailqm000s

Mention noteworthy incidents in business or professional career.
ignado

Full names of all children with vocations and addresses of those who grew to maturity.
married daughters' husbands.

Names of

bsdainsul siati
svi g asRilcusias masthead ledic tliiw bslosactos I/

.01

24.

If deceased, exact date and place of death.

..........

:A

From VICTOR H. PALTSITS, Chief of Division of American History, New York Public Library."I am free to say that I have known
members of your staff who were engaged in research with respect to persons whose biographies they were writing. I was always impressed
by their persistence and care in this work, and I know that your volumes have the merit of indispensable reference works among members of
the library profession. We look upon your undertaking as sound and legitimate, which is saying much in these days, when so many rank
annuals are put out on the basis of you scratch my back and I shall scratch yours.'"

your National Cyclopedia of American Biography from its beginning and, as a librarian, have been brought into direct contact with

From the "Wilmington News.""The published volumes of the National Cyclopedia of American Biography make it evident that for the
first time this country is to have a reference book which will not confine itself to a repetition of names that are to be found in all cyclopedi.,
but one which will be adequate, and which will place within reach authentic information in regard to the important and active men in all parts
of the United States. This country has long needed a biographical dictionary of precisely the comprehensive quality which this work possesses.
and we are very much' mistaken if the publishers in preparing this work have not surpassed any existing work of this kind."

1s,I ;IiiI

I

Ai,

,

110

EST

INcT

NED 1873

ATE° 1902

JAMES T. WHITE & CO.
PUBLISHERS
70 FIFTH AVENUE

NEW YORK

IN REPLYING REFER TO No.

January 6, 3926

Mr. Berjamin Strong,
33 Liberty St.,
New York City.

Dear

May we ask your attention again to our
letter of last Dec. 11th in which we requested an
appointment to review preliminary proof of sketch
of your career, prepared for the NATIONAL CYCLOPEDIA
Since we are to publish this
OF AMERICAN BIOGRAPHY.
permanent record and distribute it in public libraries
and in journalistic and educational institutions throughout the country, it is in our mutual interest that it be
cyclopedically correct and as effective as the facts
warrant.
Kindly advise just as soon as convenient and
oblige,

Yours very truly,

(AI
INHM:JR

Associate Editor

NATIONAL CYCLOPEDIA OF
CURRENT VOLUME A
The form of this new volume inaugurates a needed change in the development of
the Cyclopedia as a continuing series, and has been adopted as a solution to the re-

current problem of keeping up to date the records of living persons in a permanent work
of reference. The biographies in this volume are restricted to those of living people,
and by means of a specially devised detachable form of binder they can be revised and
enlarged as necessary.
In accordance with the established editorial policy, the contemporary biographies
in this new Volume contain a wide range of miscellaneous information, constituting

a guide to current history to the extent to which the official or professional work of
the subjects is identified with events of the time. The book begins with the biography
of President Coolidge, followed by those of his cabinet officers and of the members of
the Harding and Wilson administrations. Ranging -in length from two to four pages, the
cabinet biographies present a resume of the career and achievements of each official,
and, 'having been examined and verified in every detail, may be accepted as authentic
records of the events to which the subjects' careers are related. Those of Herbert C.
Hoover (p. 16), Bainbridge Colby (p. 33) and Col. House (p. 55) are the first authoritative accounts of their careers.
A conspicuous feature of the Volume is the large number of biographies of leading
American participants in the World War. With the details of a great variety of war-

time activities radiating from the individual at his point of contact with them, such
a compilation, cross-indexed for easy reference, constitutes a comprehensive and unique

chronicle of America's share in the world conflict from the personal standpoint that
will be of the utmost value to the future student and historian. The four-page biography
of General Pershing (p. 434) outlines the accomplishments of the American expeditionary

forces as a whole, while their more sectional exploits, such as those of army corps,
divisions and brigades, appear in the biographies of the leading commanders who
served under him. The military biographies include those of the army corps commanders, Generals Hunter Liggett (p. 498), Charles P. Summerall (p. 150), Robert L.
Bullard (p. 294), William M. Wright (p. 440), George W. Read (p. 537), and Omar
Bundy (p. 558); the two chiefs of staff of the war period, Generals Tasker H. Bliss
(p. 274); and Peyton C. March (p. 543); General William M. Black, chief of engineers
(P. 489); Surgeon General Merritte W. Ireland (p. 220); Colonel William N. Haskell,
chief of the American Relief Commission in Russia (p. 372); General George 0. Squier,
chief of the Signal Corps (p. 383); General Enoch H. Crowder, Judge Advocate General
in charge of the draft, (p. 455); Gen. Samuel McRoberts, chief of the Ordnance Procurement Division (p. 290); Gen. William L. Kenly, Director of Military Aeronautics
(p. 233); Gen. Edward M. Lewis (p. 568); Gen. John F. O'Ryan (p. 61); Gen. Joseph
T. Dickman (p. 79); Admiral William S. Sims, commander of naval operations in Europe
(p. 192); Admiral Joseph Strauss, in charge of the mine barrage of North Sea (p. 225);
Admiral Mark M. Bristol, U. S. Commissioner to Turkey (p. 63), and Gen. James G-.
Harbord (p. 281), chief of the Services of Supply.
The Biography of Bernard M. Baruch, (p. 57), contains a survey of the War Industries Board, its purpose, organization, and operations, while its ramifications are
treated in the biography of leading divisional officials, such as Alexander Legge, ViceChairman of the Board (p. 379); Robert S. Brookings, Price Fixing Committee (p. 179);
Charles H. McDowell, Chemicals Division (p. 121); Richard L. Humphtey, Building
Materials Division (p. 539); Leland L. Summers, Explosives and Chemicals Division

(p. 128); Edward P. Parker, Priorities Commission (p. 538); Hugh Frayne, Labor
Division (P. 276); George N. Peek, Finished Products Division (p. 518); J. Leonard

Replogle, Steel Supply Division (p. 433), etc.
Other civilians with war service records are E. N. Hurley, U. S. Shipping ,Board
(p. 60); Harry A. Garfield, Fuel Administrator (P. 102); Livingston Farrand (P. 117)
and Ernest P. Bicknell (p. 130), American Red Cross; Charles M. Schwab, Emergency

Fleet Corporation (p. 238); Elbert J. Hall (p. 110) and Jesse G. Vincent (p. 111);

Liberty Motor; John L. Mott, Y.M.C.A War Work (p. 235); Van H. Manning, War Gas
Production (p. 316); Walter S. Gifford (p. 535) and Grosvenor B. Clarkson, directors
of the U. S. Council of National Defense (p. 580); John M. Browning, inventor of the
Browning Machine Gun (p. 306); Charles L. Pack, National War Garden Commission
(p. 408); Newcomb K. Chaney, Improved Gas Masks (p. 95); Robert N. Yerkes,
Originator of the Army Intelligence Tests (p. 109); Harry Milo Adams, Inland Traffic
Service (p. 23) and Charles G. Abbott, Improvements in Searchlights (p. 366).
The list of government and state officials and legislators include the leading candidates for office in the presidential election of 1924 in addition to Pres. Coolidge (p. 1),
namely, John W. Davis (p. 25); Robert M. LaFollette (p. 354); Charles G. Dawes
(p. 508); Gov. Charles W. Bryan of Nebraska (p. 520) and Sen. purton K. Wheeler
(p. 542); U. S. Senators Henry Cabot Lodge (p. 262); Medi11 McCormick (p. 181); Jas.
E. Watson (p. 409); Duncan IJ. Fletcher (p. 330); Oscar W. Underwood (p. 550); George

W. Pepper (p. 469); James Couzens (p. 216); Edwin F. Ladd (p. 65); Augustus 0.
Stanley (p. 422), Governors Alfred E. Smith of New York (p. 405); Albert C. Ritchie

44f 141071:and (p. 74); ex-Gov. Walter R. Stubbs of Kansas (p. 431), and Ex-Gov. Oliver

H. Shoup of Colorado; William P. G. Harding, former governor of the Federal Reserve

Board (P. 368) and Frank L. Polk (p. 417) and Norman H. Davis (p. 314), former
under secretaries of state.
In the group of diplomatic biographies are those of Brand Whitlock, minister to
Belgium (p. 545); Hugh Gibson, first minister to Poland (p. 419) and his successor,

Alfred J. Pearson (p. 188); Joseph C. Grew, minister to Switzerland (p. 412), and James
W. Gerard, ambassador to Germany (p. 169).
The present day authors are: Amy Lowell (p. 69); Sherwood Anderson (p. 68);
Booth Tarkington (p. 84); Witter Bynner (p. 175); James Branch Cabe11 (p. 245); Carl
Sandborg -(p. 258); Willa Cather (p. 538); Vachel Lindsay (p. 547); Edgar Lee Masters
(p. 552); Wm. Lyon Phelps (p. 376); Alice Duer Miller (p. 378); Herman Hagedorn
(p. 247); Arthur Guiterman (p. 300); Gamaliel Bradford (p. 308); Louis Untermyer
(p. 381); John G. Neihardt (p. 544); Robert Frost (p. 574); Henry K. Webster (p. 387);
Coningsby Dawson (p. 394); Marguerite Wilkinson (P. 318), Christopher Morley

(p. 567); Frederick H. Koch (p. 361); Eugene O'Neill (p. 443); Paul Elmer More

(p. 400); Michael Monahan (p. 413) and Herbert A. Gibbons (p. 492).
Other names embracing various fields of activity are the leading inventors of the
radio and wireless telegraphy: Harry P. Davis (p. 71) ; Ernest F. W. Alexanderson (p. 87);
James H. Rogers (p. 98); Charles R. Underhill (p. 134); George 0. Squier (P. 383).
Exaniples of the Cyclopedia's personal chapters of industrial history are the lives
of Edward L. Doheny (p. 500), embodying the growth of the petroleum industry in
California and Mexico, Charles A. Coffin with an account of the General Electric Co.
(p. 390); Owen D. Young of the Radio Corporation of America (p. 81); Charles M.
Schwab and the Bethlehem Steel Co. (p. 238); the account of the New York Merchants'

Association, the world's largest organization of business men, in the biography of
Solomon C. Mead, its secretary (p. 142); T. Coleman Dupont, of the DuPont Powder
Works (p. 311); Will I. Ohmer, of the Associated Motor Industries (p. 350); Alex. J.
Porter of the Shredded Wheat Co. (p. 446); John Bassett Moore, the U. S. member
of the Permanent Court of International Justice (p. 72); Robert A. Milliken, the first
to isolate an electron, for which he received the Nobel Prize (p. 268); Judge Walton
.1. Wood, first Public Defender in the United States (p. 444); Annette A. Adams,
Assistant U. S. Attorney General (p. 370); Robert H. Goddard, who made rocket experiments to reach high altitudes (p. 154); Arthur P. Davis, reclamation of arid and
swamp lands (p. 148); Maud Wood Park, first President of the National League of

Woman Voters (p. 527); Warren H. Manning, landscape architect (p. 592); Capt. Albert
C. Read, the first aviator to fly across the Atlantic (p. 496); Edward W. Bok, former

editor of the "Ladies Home Journal" (p. 325); Howard Elliott, chairman Northern
Pacific R. R. (p. 203); Paul P. Harris, founder of the Rotary Club movement (p. 598);
Oris P. Van Sweringen, financier (p. 540); Adolph Ochs, head of the New York
"Times" (p. 77); William D. Foulke, president of the Civil Service Reform League
(p. 71); John C. Merriam, president of Carnegie Institution (p. 485); Katherine Bement
Davis, sociologist (p. 586); Kenesaw Mountain Landis (p. 22); George G. Barnard
(p. 67); W. Clark Noble (p. 454); Daniel C. French (p. 460); and Lorado Taft (p. 461)
sculptors; Arthur C. Townley, of the Non-partisan League (p. 515); Marc Klaw and
'Abraham L. Erlanger, theatrical producers (p. 427-428); Charles Urban, motion pictures
(p. 487) and Elsie Janis, actress (p. 561).

The scholastic biographies are notable for those of Prof. John Dewey, whose

philosophic theories are outlined in a 1700 word article (p. 548); Alexander Meiklejohn,
ex-president of Amherst College (p. 406); Ernest M. Hopkins, President of Dartmouth

College (p..119); Ellen Pendleton, President of Wellesley (p. 190); John C. Jones,
President of the University of Missouri (p. 212); Frank P. Graves, President of the
University of the State of New York (p. 273); William A. Neilson, President of Smith
College (p: 286); and William A. Wirt, organizer of the Gary method of education
(p. 138).

Notable representatives of the medical profession include a number of the army
surgeons; the Mayo brothers, heads of the famous hospital and clinic in Rochester,
Minn., (p. 331); Dr. Richard C. Cabot (p. 223); Dr. Samuel T. Darling, pathologist
(p. 90); Dr. Richard P. Strong, authority on tropical diseases (p. 93); Dr. Carlos F.
MacDonald, psychiatrist (p. 163); Dr. William S. Bainbridge, cancer specialist (p. 241).

The bench and bar are represented by John M. Clarke, formerly of the U. S.
Supreme Court and head of the Non-partisan Association for the League of Nations
(p. 248); Pierce Butler and James C. McReynolds (p. 42) of the U. S. Supreme Court
and many of the present Chief Justices of the highest state courts.
As in the preceding volumes, a carefully prepared Portrait is included to serve as

There are nearly 600 of these likenesses
largely reproduced from original photographs and printed by one of the foremost exponents of artistic printing in the United States.
A personal index of this current volume will include the names of all living subjects to be found in the other volumes of the Cyclopedia. The index will be revised
in toto with every periodical revision of the book.
Bound in Library Buckram, price $15.00.
.a..taW
,go(1 .W
JAMES T. WHITE & CO., PUBLISMERS

a fitting complement of almost every life story.

70 FIFTH AVENUE

NEW.YORK

TELEPHONES

E TrAr 'SHED 1873

CHELSEA

.)...A.TED 1902

JAMES T. WHITE & CO.

CABLE ADDRESS

"JOIST" NEW YORK

PUBLISHERS
70 FIFTH AVENUE

NEW YORK

IN REPLYING REFER TO No.

December 11, 1925

Mr. Benjsmin Strong,
32 Liberty St.,
New York City.
Dear

The sketch of your career, from data
which was sent some time ago at our request, is
now prepared for the NATIONAL, CYCLOPEDIA OF AVERIWe wish to review the preliminary
CAN BIOGRAPHY.
proof with you and to discuss the matter of a portrait to accompany and complete the biography. We
do not like to send these biographies by mail, as
an interview invariably enables us to improve the
context.

Will you kindly make an appointment at
your early convenience and oblige,
Yours very truly,

Ck-e-2Ct

THM:JR

,

'Mt

Associate

Editor

:113355

itti

L

t.,Lti

I/

41 t,

OF ANIERICAN BIOGRAPHY

CURRENT VOLUME A
The form of this new volume inaugurates a needed change in the development of
the Cyclopedia as a continuing series, and has been adopted as a solution to the re-

current problem of keeping up to date the records of living persons in a permanent work
of reference. The biographies in this volume are restricted to those of living people,
and by means of a specially devised detachable form of binder they can be revised and
enlarged as necessary.
In accordance with the established editorial policy, the contemporary biographies

in this new Volume contain a wide range of miscellaneous information, constituting
a guide to current history to the extent to which the official or professional work of
the subjects is identified with events of the time. The book begins with the biography
of President Coolidge, followed by those of his cabinet officers and of the members of
the Harding and Wilson administrations. Ranging in length from two to four pages, the
cabinet biographies present a resume of the career and achievements of each official,
and, having been examined and verified in every detail, may be accepted as authentic
records of the events to which the subjects' careers are related. Those of Herbert C.
Hoover (p. 16), bainbridge Colby (p. 33) and Col. House (p. 55) are the first authoritative accounts of their careers.
A conspicuous feature of the Volume is the large number of biographies of leading
American participants in the World War. With the details of a great variety of wartime activities radiating from the individual at his point of contact with them, such
a compilation, cross-indexed for easy reference, constitutes a comprehensive and unique

chronicle of America's share in the world conflict from the personal standpoint that
will be of the utmost value to the future student and historian. The four-page biography
of General Pershing (p. 434) outlines the accomplishments of the American expeditionary

forces as a whole, while their more sectional exploits, such as those of army corps,
divisions and brigades, appear in the biographies of the leading commanders who
served under him. The military biographies include those of the army corps commanders, Generals Hunter Liggett (p. 498), Charles P. Summerall (p. 150), Robert L.
Bullard (p. 294), William M. Wright (P. 440); George W. Read (P. 537), and Omar
Bundy (p. 558); the two chiefs of staff of the war period, Generals Tasker H. Bliss
(p. 274); and Peyton C. March (p. 543); General William M. Black, chief of engineers
(P. 489); Surgeon General Merritte W. Ireland (p. 220); Colonel William N. Haskell,

chief of the American Relief Commission in Russia (p. 372); General George 0. Squier,
chief of the Signal Corps (p. 383); General Enoch H. Crowder, Judge Advocate General
in charge of the draft, (p. 455); Gen. Samuel McRoberts, chief of the Ordnance Procurement Division (p. 290); Gen. William L. Kenly, Director of Military Aeronautics
(P. 233); Gen. Edward M. Lewis (p. 568); Gen. John F. O'Ryan (p. 61); Gen. Joseph
T. Dickman (P. 79); Admiral William S. Sims, commander of naval operations in Europe
(p. 192); Admiral Joseph Strauss, in charge of the mine barrage of North Sea (p. 225);
Admiral Mark M. Bristol, U. S. Commissioner to Turkey (p. 63), and Gen. James G.
Harbord (p. 281), chief of the Services of Supply.
The Biography of Bernard M. Baruch, (p. 57), contains a survey of the War Industries Board, its purpose, organization, and operations, while its ramifications are
treated in the biography of leading divisional officials, such as Alexander Legge, ViceChairman of the Board (p. 379); Robert S. Brookings, Price Fixing Committee (p. 179);
Charles H. McDowell, Chemicals Division (p. 121); Richard L. Humphrey, Building
Materials Division (p. 539); Leland L. Summers, Explosives and Chemicals Division

(p. 128); Edward P. Parker, Priorities Commission (p. 538); Hugh Frayne, Labor
Division (p. 276); George N. Peek, Finished Products Division (p. 518); J. Leonard
Replogle, Steel Supply Division (p. 433), etc.
Other civilians with war service records are E. N. Hurley, U. S. Shipping Board
(P. 60); Harry A. Garfield, Fuel Administrator (p. 102): Livingston Farrand (p. 117)
and Ernest P. Bicknell (p. 130), American Red Cross; Charles M. Schwab, Emergency
Fleet Corporation (p. 238); Elbert J. Hall (p. 110) and Jesse G. Vincent (p. 111);
Liberty Motor; John L. Mott, Y.M.C.A War Work (p. 235); Van H. Manning, War Gas
Production (p. 316); Walter S. Gifford (p. 535) and Grosvenor B. Clarkson, directors
of the U. S. Council of National Defense (p. 580); John M. Browning, inventor of the
Browning Machine Gun (p. 306); Charles L. Pack, National War Garden Commission
(p. 408); Newcomb K. Chaney, Improved Gas Masks (p. 95); Robert N. Yerkes,
Originator of the Army Intelligence Tests (p. 109); Harry Milo Adams, Inland Traffic
Service (p. 23) and Charles G. Abbott, Improvements tp Searchlights (p. 366).
The list of government and state officials and legislators include the leading candidates for office in the presidential election of 1924 in addition to Pres. Coolidge (p. 1),
namely, John W. Davis (p. 25); RObert M. LaFollette (p. 354): Charles G. Dawes
(p. 508); Gov. Charles W. Bryan of Nebraska (p. 520) and Sen. Burton K. Wheeler
(p. 542); U. S. Senators Henry Cabot Lodge (p. 262); Medill McCormick (p. 181); Jas.

E. Watson (p. 409); Duncan U. Fletcher (p. 330); Oscar W. Underwood (p. 550); George

W. Pepper (p. 469); James Couzens (p. 216); Edwin F. Ladd (p. 65); Augustus 0.
Stanley (p. 422), Governors Alfred E. Smith of New York (p. 405); Albert C. Ritchie
of Maryland (p. 74); ex-Gov. Walter R. Stubbs of Kansas (p. 431), and Ex-Gov. Oliver

44

H. Shoup of Colorado; William P. G. Harding, fcrmer governor of the Federal Reserve

Board (p. 368) and Frank L. Polk (p. 417) and Norman H. Davis (p. 314), former

under secretaries of state.
In the group of diplomatic biographies are those of Brand Whitlock, minister to
Belgium (p. 545); Hugh Gibson, first minister to Poland (p. 419) and his successor,
Alfred J. Pearson (p. 188); Joseph C. Grew, minister to Switzerland (p. 412), and James
W. Gerard, ambassador to Germany (p. 169).
The present day authors are: Amy Lowell (p. 69); Sherwood Anderson (p. 68);
Booth Tarkington (p. 84); Witter Bynner (p. 175); James Branch Cabe11 (p. 245); Carl
Sandborg (p. 258); Willa Cather (p. 538); Vachel Lindsay (p. 547); Edgar Lee Masters
(p. 552); Wm. Lyon Phelps (p. 376); Alice Duer Miller (p. 378); Herman Hagedorn
(p. 247); Arthur Guiterman (p. 300); Gamaliel Bradford (p. 308); Louis Untermyer
(p. 381); John G. Neihardt (p. 544); Robert Frost (p. 574); Henry K. Webster (p. 387);
Coningsby Dawson (p. 394); Marguerite Wilkinson (p. 318), Christopher Morley

(p. 567); Frederick H. Koch (p. 361); Eugene O'Neill (p. 443); Paul Elmer More

(p. 400); Michael Monahan (p. 413) and Herbert A. Gibbons (p. 492).
Other names embracing various fields of activity are the leading inventors of the
radio and wireless telegraphy: Harry P. Davis (p. 71); Ernest F. W. Alexanderson (p. 87);

James H. Rogers (p. 98); Charles R. Underhill (p. 134); George 0. Squier (p. 383).
Examples of the Cyclopedia's personal chapters of industrial history are the lives
of Edward L. Doheny (p. 500), embodying the growth of the petroleum industry in
California and Mexico, Charles A. Coffin with an account of the General Electric Co.
(p. 390); Owen D. Young of the Radio Corporation of America (p. 81); Charles M.
Schwab and the Bethlehem Steel Co. (p. 238); the account of the New York Merchants'

Association, the world's largest organization of business men, in the biography of
Solomon C. Mead, its secretary (P. 142); T. Coleman Dupont, of the DuPont Powder
Works (p. 311); Will I. Ohmer, of the Associated Motor Industries (p. 350); Alex. J.
Porter of the Shredded Wheat Co. (p. 446); John Bassett Moore, the U. S. member
of the Permanent Court of International Justice (p. 72); Robert A. Milliken, the first
to isolate an electron, for which he received the Nobel Prize (p. 268); Judge Walton
J. Wood, first Public Defender in the United States (p. 444); Annette A. Adams,
Assistant U. S. Attorney General (p. 370); Robert H. Goddard, who made rocket experiments to reach high altitudes (p. 154); Arthur P. Davis, reclamation of arid and
swamp lands (p. 148); Maud Wood Park, first President of the National League of

Woman Voters (p. 527); Warren H. Manning, landscape architect (p. 592); Capt. Albert
C. Read, the first aviator to fly across the Atlantic (p. 496); Edward W. Bok, former

editor of the "Ladies Home Journal" (p. 325); Howard Elliott, chairman Northern
Pacific R. R. (p. 203); Paul P. Harris, founder of the Rotary Club movement (p. 598);
Oris P. Van Sweringen, financier (p. 540); Adolph Ochs, head of the New York
"Times" (p. 77); William D. Foulke, president of the Civil Service Reform League
(p. 71); John C. Merriam, president of Carnegie Institution (p. 485); Katherine Bement
Davis, sociologist (p. 586); Kenesaw Mountain Landis (p. 22); George G. Barnard
(p. 67); W. Clark Noble (p. 454); Daniel C. French (p. 460); and Lorado Taft (p. 461)
sculptors; Arthur C. Townley, of the Non-partisan League (p. 514); Marc Klaw and
Abraham L. Erlanger, theatrical producers (p. 427-428); Charles Urban, motion pictures
(p. 487) and Elsie Janis, actress (p. 561).
The scholastic biographies are notable for those, of Prof. John Dewey, whose
philosophic theories are outlined in a 1700 word article (p. 548); Alexander Meiklejohn,
ex-president of Amherst College (p. 406); Ernest M. Hopkins, President of Dartmouth
College (p. 119); Ellen Pendleton, President of Wellesley (p. 190); John C. Jones,
President of the University of Missouri (p. 212); Frank P. Graves, President of the
University of the State of New York (p. 273); William A. Neilson, President of Smith
College (p. 286); and William A. Wirt, organizer of the Gary method of education
(p. 138).
Notable representatives of the medical profession include a number of the army
surgeons; the Mayo brothers, heads of the famous hospital and clinic in Rochester,
Minn., (P. 331); Dr. Richard C. Cabot (p. 223); Dr. Samuel T. Darling, pathologist
(p. 90); Dr. Richard P. Strong, authority on tropical diseases (p. 93); Dr. Carlos F.
MacDonald, psychiatrist (p. 163); Dr. William S. Bainbridge, cancer specialist (p. 241).

The bench and ,bar are represented by John M. Clarke, formerly of the U. S.
Supreme Court and head of the Non-partisan Association for the League of Nations
(p. 248); Pierce Butler and James C. McReynolds (p. 42) of the U. S. Supreme Court
and many of the present Chief Justices of the highest state courts.
As in the preceding volumes, a carefully prepared Portrait is included to serve as

a fitting complement of almost every life story. There are nearly 600 of these likenesses

largely reproduced from original photographs and printed by one of the foremost exponents of artistic printing in the United States.
A personal index of this current volume will include the names of all living subjects to be found in the other volumes of the Cyclopedia. The index will be revised
in toto with every periodical revision of the book.
Bound in Library Buckram, price $15,00.
JAMES T. WHITE & CO., PUBLISHERS
NEW YORK
70 FIFTH AVENUE
-

EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT

,.ONAL CYCLOPEDIA
OF !AMERICANBIOGRAPHY

THE

JAMES T.WHIrt. & CO.
70 FIFTII AVE. NEW VOR-FC

April 15, 1926
Liss L. S. Bleeker,
Secy to Ur. Benjamin Strong,
33 Liberty St.,
New York City.

Dear Madam:-

May we ask again that you urge on Governor Strong's attention
the sketch of his career which we prepared for THE NATIONAL
I left the manuscript
CYCLOPEDIA OF AEERICAN BIOGRAPHY.
with you the middle of last January, but it is more than a
year since tie first exchanged correspondence on this subject.
Since then we issued one volume and we would like to get the
biography in form for a forthcoming volume, now pretty well
compiled, and which will be one of the most important of our
series of twenty-one volumes.
Kindly advise and oblige,
Yours very truly,

.

WHL:JR

Adz,,

Associate Editor:.

Lk

EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT
JAMES T.WHITE & CO.

THE NATIONAL CYCLOPEDIA
OF AMERICAN BIOGRAPHY

70 FIFTH AVE. NEW 'YORK

Sept emberj 30, 1925.

Mr. Benjamin Strong,

33 LibeAy
New York City.
Dear Sir:-

The information rigarding your life and work
for this Cyclopedia has begin received and we wish to
thank you for your courteous attention in this matter.
These data, w4(11 what we have in our files,
will enable us to prepare an outline biography, the proof
of which will be submitted to you for correction or for
any addition that may/be necessary before publication.

This CyclqPedia is the standard biographical
authority of this cpuntry and contains a full list of
prominent represenatives of your state. It is enjoying
an extensive salelamong those who need it, chiefly the
libraries, newspaper offices, schools and colleges.

Pleaseibe assured that there is no obligation
or expense on ypur part for the furnishing of this
material and neither are you expected to purchase the
There its a charge, however, to cover the expense
books.
of a portrait /illustration, if wanted, but this is in no
sense obligatpry.
Yours very t

MC:AS

Ade'GE DER:A, Managing Edit

1


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102