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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

October 7, 1918.

':emorandum

From:

Woman in Industry service, Department of Labor

To:

War Labor Board

Subject: Application of the Worthington Puap and Machinery Company,
Hazleton, Pa. for permission to employ woaLen at night.

1.

The Office of the Secretary of War has referred the request
of this Cownany to us for recoaaendation.

2.

Has the War Labor Board information about this plant and if
so, will it be p,)- ssitie for us to have access to the data,
insofar as it bears upon the desirability of permitting a
sus-ersion of the state labor laws for a specified period?

3.

If such suspension ware granted, will it be possible for the
War Labor Board to undertake tbesupervise this plant, filing
r63gu1ar reports with the Secrest-ary of Labor, showing the
conditions affecting wauen on the night shift. This surervision is intended to insure the effective employment of
women. If a certificate is granted, it Nill be understood
that it will remain in force only so long as the required
standards, including compliance with the award of the War
Labor Board, are maintained.

MVR/ALL

Mary Van Kleeck, Director
Woan in Industry service.

•

FROWs

Apanges Branoh„ Induotrial .3ervioe ,,;(potion.
The Acting 4blef or Ordnance, tLroTh
Uorvlee Station*

AlIJ!JT:

Appliaetion of No
4orp.
to employ moms at rtirs t in toir pIztat flsolton, a.,
submitted through Philadelphia Distfiot urknanoc;

1*
The atteehod letter from the 11orth1ngton oftep
Maehinory
ties to the Oritaanoe Doparteant through
As
lienr7 Sole, to a retseet that the Urdnanee Departmont Mould take
some motion asking pecleible the emLloont of. women In thee*
8-hour shifts, ineludisg
durine hours mow probibitod
WI the Peansylvesla Labor lase* Aceordinv to tAill law semen any
net weft in fastorieS after 10 P*-0 or beiore 6 A. • The peaelgoloo that utilisation of the tall oapasity ol this
picot Will 4emeot * fore* of shieh approxtmatelr 60* will be
Mass. At the late of the epplioatieu only $OO memo mom sem
La a fore* of 25004 Wing to 1°0_1 'wanness of housing,
is and labor empOky it ic impossiblo to se*
m
Ins for the increased tares neeecooryi, lb* sempoor se,
that with the thr&s.ohift system It I* noesesory to hair* the
Shift. Mots ese woak4 so that sash ma employed now weft,
at siglit woo* out of "very throes Rotation
shifts, if a
. lamp piveysilion of the foxes sere semen, mould only be aecomp
plIghai by amploying women at night*

$e
Attention is sailed to tile report of the J-rogress
Seetion showing the urqent no.lid for inoressod proit,otion of the
preluet of this plant*
116

A

the pleat mot


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Vtive of the Amens* $raueh bas investigated
report is summarised as follows*

apeicol working ooniitione ctni tmothods

401010100$ and

up to date*

.!:Tipleyment

doporiosot nests SiMOSOMMisige and spools). &Transoms's moao

for "eleotion of semen weithers.
wric of wolen appears 10
.31 eiitetive ant not Impend pr.1 powers,
possessor?
*tooling at maehinoe the only rmOb.hok*

ariwavoup The questionof night weak in this *ease mete
(); neeomsity of amiimum shell prediction over period of the
war. If the seed frm 76" shell all, fuso ports lensede the
irtiltaatlon of ve nation's fall time espositg. with proper
arersit
et and dissipline of worisore, giant senditioso lo the
4trtcington Pte.& maohlnery Jar,* are not InfOserable to
Mot work for wenemo

II
41001.
1

40,
tions:


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Tbs oomenls Branoh -Iakeu the talowing r aorsaendam,

(a) It le nowseeery to advlso 1:',c; oolnanr tbet tho Pons.
Wigninis labor lam does not ,-eynit any ,lleflrIptiffile Or
Mr MOM irhatever. tali that Jray t.-,c) pialiney111104111
Mori et Leber & 'nductry oc,n :Aeon° wllotYor on ear
grimed esepemelon f.the lt/ with'x:i. imaialt perniesiMS
i is nospIble.
I=
VO the logieletre
(16) Attentio* bil *We. to our :013oranftom ol Ilay 24th
obeying Vat it hes boon Aeomed ivise that rovents for
Onenptiene boa elate labor lawo :mould not .4e -At0e
elsopt tor th0 Seeleterv et War. and then only ::Ster
thoirOsgh 61110000141ation orlithliuhing un urgont wed,
en. domemOhmattni the4roluotion ean be noourod in no
other vow
is) In vire of Ve feet thattY:provemenV might
be nods in the :4eth004 Of ntiliStac the force of women
imeaheme In tble Asm440 Ospoolally through Improved onp1074,ont wethodist Lilielibeir of tbe 'Omenve preneh we a
sespetent rion:11 400100.4 by it sborld be acalphod to
the plant for a long enough period to insure the moct
offeettvo ethodes for tho employment of means,
In view of the fnot C-Aut Vle proportion of semen emo
played .a oopparativrly °mall, it is reoommended
that in the Immediate tutor* moon be ample od only
i, vania labor
by Amp &atm hours permitted by the•
lsio, and ths0 on the basis of tho stilly of oohdltions
°Affecting same mode Txonoe 0 the gan Of the preceding porogrOON, the sesessity for a night shift for
wozien latoo 'be detormined4 •

(di

ahead beam 000401.11817 to permit the employ. nt of gems at might, it 1 ,t recommended tat the.
astin7 1 Go.oport,tion with the
*tato Diriv=1 1,17Ay'r o'0,1a11. ma!:s the Zoilowing
,,ion blf 0 rolorant.ti 're
14i them ebfuld be elrlfler frTorv.,
OrlAre ijorkxtrlentit
of the vAlosis Bionneh rf t
pt in numb * mg a*
ile. Be40034. of ***put *Wad be
to letermene the beet sobednie ci: JAIxe Amein the point
Of view of proettiniOS•
26 A 1.15n4; rem ahead be provided in 'Midi a new.
ishhip.: meal oan Women:04 at midnight SIM at the *Wee
oT the nti::7t shift, sine* ono of th. 0141044110110 10


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

owase

Sight work to the difficulty of seeoring& ota in the
merninr eorrespoyding to the 67 worgorwo dtnnur.
4. Transportation faeliitiev ,Taking it filsolble for
the worker* to come to work and to return home waken*
- rovidea.
j- f
nnotrm Islay or fatigne* shoula
U. lo wowan unler,-841 years oi
at 4.6ht•

should be emplopia

S. The night M141 should not ork:more than otght hems,
sod Mould hay not lege than throe quarters of an bone'
moose at mlanight, with rest poriods in the period of
sek before and after midnight,

I. light work should be etriotly limited to women eraOloyot on t)* oontraat specified.
the stankaille outlined 110enerili Order
8. In
'Jo. 15 eilned y the Oblof of °ransom ehtitild be rigtdly
ravired in ary plant haylnp a opestal exeTwtton or
night work.
r

/

„At^ )1' 4;1

M.AitT VAN
In -;harfre of ,olente BrIneh
IntnntrIfil .A3rvioo 6ection.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

octob(

emorandum

iss'eterson

Frqm:

Ailiss Van kleeck
ject:

heference to War Labor Board
Applicatiun of the Worthington Ilicp and
Machinery Com)any, Hazleton, 7. for ermission to employ women at night.

Delivered memorandum from J7,iss Van Kleeck to
War Labor Board to Miss Obenauer.

1.

•:
2.

(a)

The War Labor Board has no information in
rerrpnce to the w orthington 'um p and
achinery Company located at Hazleton, ?enn.
The War _Libor 3oard has made an investigation
of this company's Plant at Buffalo and the
experience of the War Labor Board has been that
when one comany Aant comes before the hoard
other -4.-ints soon foUow.

If the Hazleton, Pennsylvania, plant 'Aould come
before the War Labor Board notice will De c)rwarded
to M iss Van neeck.

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
WOMAN IN INDUSTRY SERVICE
WASHINGTON

,ctober 7, '918.
Memorandum

From:

Miss Peterson

To:

Miss Van Kleeck

Subject:

_Reference to War Labor Board
Application of the Worthin6ton
0.11(1
Machinery Company, Hazleton, Pa. for )ermission to em-joy Toren at ni:ht.

1.

The Office of the Secretary of H.r has referred
the request of this Company for recompiendation.

2.

H.,s the "Tar Labor Board information about this plant
and if so, will it be ,ossible for us to have access
to the data, insofar as it bears up ,n the deir9bility
of ermitting a suspension of the st?te labor laws for
a specified period?

3.

If such suspension were granted, will it be ,ossible
for the Tar Labor Board to undertake to supervise this
Ant, filing regular ret orts with the Secretary of
Labor, showing the conditions arfecting women on the
night shift. Ibis sumervision is intended to insure
the effective employment of women. If a certificate
is granted, it will be understood that it will remain
in force only so long as the required standards, in=
cluding compliance with the award of the War Labor
'3oard are umaintained.

,Vic/ALL


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Mary Van Kleeck, LirectDr
Woman in Industry Service.

CC: Dr.

3rickor
- ice Louise Carnaell,
vn, --1
Ise (L' iobort •
,

; taid.olt.tout
•

ot±ton

'
011.111.

44.

41
,

L11) u'4 740Athinery
.ftto7.1ti)r, - Pro

,
to not iTes.

Gartleren:-

Your favor of
tii*Ith has been
: petition Which you aro
received with attached copy (7);sending to the aocretary of

note your request Ill this petition that
"That portion, of the ivinneylwania State labor law restrictthe employment of temales to the hours between eta.
ten Y. U. be autopendod for the duration of the :, vanarxx)
eantracts.." and in this connection, desire to say that, we
emu* Stilend Oltar present labor lows nor do ye door,. it
.advisable -o do so, Parthertoroa I art Of the opinior
the oar Department does not wish 12t3 to suspend our 3m.vic
making the general emplowient or vcsion at night possible.
.;,he secretary of Vxtr, however, in considering a plan whervby a nbcrtioterm permit can be lacued where Um neoeccW,
actual); °Mate ter the emplolfhent at women atter ton
contrary to tho preideitalle tat our Perewavtillia 14r:1i1c
La V/•
•

o believe reit tin roadili appreciate tho
difference betwoon tilo automaton of cur laws nnd the
ing of v. tillort-tom I.,orrtits authorising eortain etwArIittl
induArioc to employ valon at niglok•

manking
tion

7041 tor w1in
OU Vitt we will bo

WI

copy 4
. 1. the peti-

c;111.(1to 00
rate in
tho .adjustmont or tho difficulty i3tcD at 1-rosont confronts
yous I mr.lallis
tiI4 tittP, Urine

,

P/I4T


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Ot II

k

sit7t3 it)11(111•

AU communications should be accompanied by carbon copy and addressed to

WAR DEPARTMENT

OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF ORDNANCE

To insure prompt attention,
in replying refer to

PRODUCTION DIVISION
WASHINGTON

No.
Attention of

September 24, 1918.
—58-15

From

•

Chief of Ordnance.

To

•

Secretary of War.

Subject

Re; Request of Worthington Pump & Machinery
Corporation for exemption from State La

•=••==

It is requested that application be made
1.
through the state Department of Labor requesting an
exemption in the case of the Worthington Pump & Machinery
Corporation from operation of the state law Which prohibits
the employment of women on night work between the hours of
10 p. m. and 6 a. m.

2.
A complete report on the matter is
attached herewith.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

C. C. WILLIAMS,
Major General, U. S.
Chief of Ordnance.e

411
•
Col

Jamieson,
A•
S• —
el, OrcIn • - U.
—
Production Division.

September 24, 1918.

-7orom

•
.

Chief of Ordnance.

To

:

SecretLry of War.

Subject

Ile; Request of ;lorthington Pump & Uachinery
Corporntion for exemption from State Laws.

It is requested thrt application be made
1.
through the state Denartmont of Labor requesting an
exemption in the case of the ivorthington Pump & Madhinery
corporation from operation of the state law which prohibits
the employmInt of women on night work between the hours of
10 p. a, and 6 a. a.

A complete report on the mictter is
2.
attached herewith.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

C. C. WILIAL!.MS,
Major General, U.
Chief of Ordnance.
By:
C. O. Jamieson,
Colonel, Ordnance, U. L. A.
Production Division.

September 24, 1918.

Prom

: Chief of Ordnanoe.

To

:

Subject

.
. Re, Request of '6orthington Pump & Machinery
Corpov:tion for exemption from State Laws.

Secretary of War.

It it requested thet appliovtion be nade
1.
through the state Lepartmest of Labor requesting an
osmaption in the ease of the Worthington Pump 6 Machinery
3erporation from operation of the state law Iihich prohibits
the emplejmosat of woman on night work between the hours of
lop, a. and 6 a. 116

A °owlet* report on the mattor is
2.
attached herewith.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

C. C. WILLIAS,
Major General, U. 1",.
Chief of Ordnanoe.

By:
C. C. Jamieson,
Colonel, Ordnance, U. •A.
Produotion Division.

j

optember PA, 1918.

4srom

: Chief of Ordnance.

To

Seeretnry of War.

Subject

Re: Request of ;,orthington Pump & Machinery
Corporation for exemption from State Lawn.

It ie requested thmt appliostion be made
1.
state
beporialmit of Labor requesting an
through the
exemption in the gas* of the iforthipitom Pump & Machinery
2orporntion from operation of the stets low whioh prohibits
the omploymlnt of mown on ntcht work between the hours of
10 p. M. end 6 a. 144

A complete report on the matter is
2.
attached herewith.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

C. C. WILLI°W,
'Wow leneral, U. . •
Chief of Ordnance.
By:
C. C. Jmniemen,
Colonel, Ordnance, U. 1. A.
Production Divieien.

All communications should be accompanied by carbon copy and addressed to

WAR DEPARTMENT

OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF ORDNANCE

To insure prompt attention,
m replying refer to

PRODUCTION DIVISION
WASHINGTON

No. _
Attention of

3-6845

r-nch, Ir(9.71Ftr4,-]
• -1
, •,

Machinery Corp.:- Recruest
Jorthin7ton Pump
for Permission to ErTiloy jomen between the
in theft
of 1(T' P.]:. and 6
L.azleton, P.

1.

Attached hereto is reT.,.- ..est for silsoension of st-te labor
laws filed throu7h the Phildelphia District Ordnance
office by the .iorthin7ton Iunr & 1.1chinery Corp. of
Hazleton, Pa.

2.

The .omen's 3ranch of the Philndel- in Ordnance Office
hns Tone over the c-se c-refully. Yiiss Cornell 7-isit
tembor 11th in co - -n,7- -rith Mis.; Sie er4the nl-nt on
Infu2try.
-rf the Pennsyir:ni Dt,. of 1...1)or


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

ttortiol is c-lled to the followin
the situ-tion:

slient facts

4

The rlant is ensP-red in m king 75.
llosive shell, fmd boosters n.L.'dpters, w;,ic;.0
neee-1 in the Ordnance pr
Opervtions are carried on in three d-nour chift:
two shifts rotatino! weekly, on which women L-re
neri-nent, on which ,'en only are
nloye(5;
Shorta-e of -Iale labor in the vicini
en2:ej.
.is rlrecdy 0 handic!T to production, and the co
pany is coufro:,ted wit- the necessity of fu-rther
exrandin7 its '7orkinrr force.
thJ:t women n-Jst be e7'
The 121.71 of the
.7loyed 9n ni-7ht L.u ] nttsin Taximum rroac
a--, r)eFrs to be nubstr.ntiEted by all evienc
jt

•

s Oi

That te
4--

•Giie h ove

.o -iits

Dep rtment
4-1-, in

1; e ,vo -t- i.en I

.5r

oh

neces:ary steps
r‘r,

mission to employ women over 18 years of age between
the hours of 10 P.. and 6 A.M., in order to allow the
operation of the three 8-hour shifts rotating weekly.
(b)


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

That such permission be dependent in the establishment
of the following conditions at the plant.
1.

Installaticn of woman supervisor who shall have
full backing of the management and the confidence
of the workers.

2.

Provision of safeguards from the usual drawbacks
accompanying a night .shift which shall be acceptable to the Women's Branch; these to include serving of hot drinks on night shift;adequLite transportation to outlying distriOts; and extension of
toilet facilities with the increase of numbers employed.
NOTE:- In par.17 and 18 of the petition filed
by the company( see attached copy) it is stated
that the company will "oblignte itself to make
proper provision for access to plant an return
therefrom ------ and all roper provision in the
way of matrons etc.------ a
- s to afford every reasonable safeguard for such women" (employed on night
shift).

3.

That a representative of the Women's
Industrial Service Section, Ordnance
assigned to insure and assist in the
of these recommendations, working in
with supervisor of women.

Branch of the
Department,be
establishment
cooperation

--(a.le-k. -1/(4
GLAI•LA . 2.E
7 LL
Director ,Women's Branch
Industrial Service Section

ALL COMMUNICATIONS SHOULD RE ACCOMPANIED DY CARDON COPY AND ADDRESSED TO

RS/mla
4`. .
?1918

WAR DEPARTMENT
TO INSURE PROMPT ATTENTION
IN REPLYING REFER TO

OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF ORDNANCE
WASHINGTON

NO.
ATTENTION OF

f;TRIPPED BY

Septargiber 16, 1918.

From:

Estimates & Requirements

To:

Production .Division,
Industrial service 6ection,
Woman's Branch,
(Attention Miss ;2.e.ra M. Teed).

Subject:

Status of Contracts held by Worthington Pump & Mach. CO.

ivision.

1.
In compliance with your request of September 14, herewith is attached status of contracts held by Worthington Pump
& Machinery Co.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Odus C. Homey,
Brig. Gen., Ord.
By.
Sanfo
0

ompffbn,
Dept., U.

rô F31-

•

•

•

•

•

•


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

•

•

P-e-e-p4vdm.e-d.
116

cHns

P.THITIST N P

Sheet 1.

J5 104 H.E.
Fork ing,
12:12Lesi

(1) 1,900,000

(2)

750,000

Contract Promises

Date

ALI:12....

11/13/17

Mar.
75,000

175,000

275,000

JuneJu1
500,000
350,000

Auk/.
525,000

12/31/17

Dec.
25,000

Jan,
75,000

Feb.
125,000

MR.r.
125,000

Apr.
125,000

125,000

June
150,000

For-4inza

,
IliatLiseLsajjAr‘,21
-

A..9..t_u_ ,a.i..p........

(1) To 9/1/18 1,775,000

141,710

750,000

259,322

(2) To 9/1/18

Coapiled By:


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Progress Section,
Estimates and Reciuire:Lents
Sep t aL-le r 16, 1918.

Estilated Delive_a_
Sept.
85,127

0

Oct.
75,000

Nov.
100,000

Dec.
100,000

0

0

0

After Dec.
17172
1710

Sheet 2.

1V.ACHWIX 75._ WM H. E.
Ordered.

2,575,000

Promised Del.
To 911118
2,575,000

Actual Del.
Sept.
125,000

2514,561

Oct.
150,
000

Estirrated Deliveries
Nov.
Dec.
175,000
200,000

Af6er Dec.
1,Tit
"5-7
1 3

DIACHINING_.75 MA! GAS MU-IL

75,000

To 91111g
75,000

0

28,g37

0

0

0

0

MUM.
Po rginics and Machining_
Total
Ordered

293.&•

2,650,000

67g,032

Compiled By:

Actual Del.
Machining

2$31398

Po'

Balance to be Delivered
Mach in

1,971,96$

2566,602

Progress Section,
Estinates and Requirements Division,
September 16, 191$.

r,ttN
•


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Sheet j.

)300STER & ADAPT)ER MARK III

Date

Ordered
5,000,000

a1/18

Contract Promises
A
Ju
Jur
.11.21.
Apr.
fr0.000 600,000 600,000 Y07000 Zbo,000 "gboo ,000

Pramisd Del.
To 9/1[18

Actvsl

5,000,000

775,600

CoLpiled By:


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Sgt.

375,000

Progress Section,
Estiilates & Reauirements Division,
Septeater 16, 191S.

Sept.

Goo ,

Ilt)ziatecl. Deliveries
Nov.
Oct.
600,000

750,000

Oct.
:000
M.

Dec.

750,000

Nov.
200,000

After Dec.

1,7249)400

ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT
OFFICE OF ORDNANCE DISTRICT CHIEF
1710 MARKET STREET
PHILADELPHIA. PA.

—2-roduction

DIVISION

ELM:JNR
September 16th, 1918.

TO INSURE PROMPT ATTENTION
!N REPLYING REFER TO•

NO.
ATTENTION OF

V.ajor R.A.Greene.
Office.
Phila. District Ordnance Production

From:

Col. C. C. Jamieson,
Chief of Production Division,
7th & B Streets, Washington, D.C.

To:

Hazleton, Pa.
Worthington Pump & Machinery Corporation,

Subject:

by the Worthington
1. Enclosed herewith is a formal application
ion to work women
permiss
for
Pa.
n,
Pump & Machinery Corporation, Hazleto
file:
ng
followi
the
is
Attached thereto
on night shifts.
a.

at the
Indorsement by Capt. Henry Soss, Production Officer

plant.
Army Inspector of Ordrance
b. Indorsement by Capt. R. E. Bryant,
at the plant.
G.

Supplemental letter from Capt. Henry Soso.

d.

Supplemental letter from Capt. Bryant.

of the Inspection
e. Supplemental letter from Major F. N. Masters,
Division, Phila. District Ordnance Office.
f. Recommendation by Miss Cornell of the Women's Branch, Industrial
Service Section, Production Division, Phila. District Ordnance Office.
g. Recommendation by __ajor
District Or/ins-Ince Office.

1::.Schwartz, Inspection Manager, Phila.

tion
2. This Production Division thomughly indorses the applica
that
s
ry
and
request
Corporation,
made by the Worthington Pump & Machine
the
d
secretary of
by
it
have
approve
to
power
your
in
ing
everyth
you do
War.


https://fraser.stlouisfed.org
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

•
Col. C. C. Jamieson

-2-

Sept. 16, 1918.

3. Appreciating the extremely urgent need for 75 mim complete
roluos, we have given no small proportion of our time, as a Production
Office, in striving to increase the output of boosters and adapters at
Vie believe we have made every effort possible to obtain
this plant.
adequate results without having women on night shifts, and we are convinced that the scarcity of labor and the dissatisfaction and restlessness caused by operating with a -9ermanent night shift of men render
further attempts in this direction useless.
4. Vire therefore have cone to the decision that the Whole question
resolves itself into whether Washington does or does not consider the
problem of producing 75 mini ammunition of sufficiently vital importance
to warrant the suspension of the Penna. State Labor Law restricting the
employment of females between the hours of 6 a.m. and 10 p.m.

T,Ettmet

Encs.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

R. A. GREENE,
Major, Ord.. Dept. U.S.A.
Production ilanager.

WORTHINGTON PUMP AND MACHINERY CORPORATION
BRANCH OFFICES:
MAIN

OFFICES:
H 5 BROADWAY NEW YORK

H AZ LETON WORKS

WO R K S;

HAZLETON, PA.

WORTHINGTON

BLAKE AND KNOWLES
DEANE

SNOW-HOLLY

ATLANTA

LOS ANGELES

BIRMINGHAM

MINNEAPOLIS

BOSTON

NEW ORLEANS

BUFFALO

OMAHA

CHICAGO

PHILADELPHIA

CINCINNATI

PITTSBURGH

CLEVELAND

ST. PAUL

DENVER

ST. LOUIS

DETROIT

SALT LAKE CITY
SAN FRANCISCO
SEATTLE
TULSA

EL PASO

POWER AND MINING MACHINERY
HAZLETON

LAIDLAW

INGECO ENGINE

September 12, 1918.

HOUSTON
KANSAS CITY
WAS

Sir:
1.
We would respectfully petition that that
portion of the Pennsylvania State Labor Law restricting the employment of females to the hours between
6 A.M. and 10 P.M. be suspended for the duration of
the Ordnance contracts at the plant of the Worthington
Pump and Machinery Corporation, Hazleton works, Hazleton,
Pa., thus permitting the employment of women on each of
three 8-hour shifts interchanging weekly.
The following data and information are
2.
submitted for your consideration:
This plant is employed exclusively on the
3.
following work:
Army Ordnance Contract G 1743-967A covering
750,000 - 75 Mild Common Steel Shell
Army Ordnance Contract G 925-502A covering
1,900,000 - 75 Min Common Steel Shell
Army Ordnance Contract G 524-314A covering
5,000,000 - Adapters
Navy Department Contract 652 covering
290,000 - 6-Pdr. Common Projectiles
Navy Department Contract 652 covering
165,000 - 3-Pdr. Common Projectiles
The plant has no other product beyond this.
Production of this plant is necessarily in
4.
Operations are laid
the highest degree repetitive.
out in regular sequence, and a constant and even supply


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

2

of material from each operation is necessary to the
maintenance of constant and even output of the succeeding operation.
The work is carried on in th--o
8-hour shifts, one-half hour of each shift being allowed for lunch and rest; the actual working period
of each shift being 7-1/2 hours.
5.
We are operating at present with women to
as great an extent as possible on two of the three
shifts; namely, 6 A.M. to 2 P.M. shift and 2 P.M. to
10 P.M. shift.
These shifts swing or interchange
each week.
The third shift, from 10 P.Y. to 6
is necessarily composed solely of men.
Consequently,
these men form a constant night shift and receive a 10% bonus for so doing.
6.
As a result of this condition employment
on this shift is particularly undesirable.
Consequently, under the present condition it is an impossibility to maintain this night shift on a parity
as to productiveness with the other two shifts on
which women can be employed, and this condition while
bad now will become increasingly difficult with the
further necessary increase on the other two shifts
accompanying larger production.
7.
The under-manned night shift is already
a marked handicap on the other two shifts, and the
continuous and even supply of material from one
operation to the next suffers daily interruption
with the result of increased unbalancing of the
work done on the other two shifts, greatly reducing
the efficiency of the two shifts on which women are
already employed.
8.
It should also be kept in mind that the
turnover of labor, which we are constantly endeavoring to reduce, is much more marked among male employes than among female employes. (See Appendix B).
9.
Attention is called to the fact that this
Company has been operating in close harmony with the
wishes and recommendations of the Philadelphia Ordnance Office, and with results in production which
are evident from the following comparison:


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

3
111•1111=

10.
We have increased our production from an
average of about 4,000 shells per week during May, 1918,
to our present production of 31,000 per week, both figures being the quantities accepted by Government inspection.
11.
The capacity of the plant with three fully
manned shifts is estimated at 120,000 per week.
/he
present production is approaching the maximum which can
be reached under the present labor limitations.
12.
For the past five weeks this plant has been
making a very strenuous effort, in co-operation with the
Philadelphia Ordnance Office and with the Federal Employment Service, to augment its force.
These efforts have
been partially successful, but, as shown by statistics of
available labor in Appendix A, this plant is located disadvantageously as to the supply of male labor, altho the
available supply of female labor offers considerable promise.
13.
The feature in the situation which makes the
supply of male labor particularly difficult to obtain is
the fact that the plant is located in the center of a
mining region, and in view of the urgent necessity of
avoiding any crippling of mining production in any way,
this plant has been consistently endeavoring to avoid
the employment of any men engaged in mining.
This
attitude on the part of the Company cuts it off from the
great liquid source of male labor supply in this region.
14.
If permission were given for the employment
of women between the hours of 10 P.M. and 6 A.M., such
permission would result in a very rapid recruiting of the
present night shift to the same strength as the two other
shifts, and would release, for such of certain operations
of our work on which male labor is essential, a considerable surplus of labor now employed on our present night
shift for which female labor could be immediately substituted.
15.
We are now employing about 4,400 people. To
reach the full production of this plant a force of approximately 6,000 people, divided equally into three shifts,
will be necessary,
A further increase in the present
morning and afternoon shifts would result in an insignificant increase in production, unless the night shift is
also increased, which is going to be a matter of very
great difficulty, if not impossible, if restricted to men.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

4

16.
It should be kept in mind that every effort
has been made to organize this plant in such a way as
to make the employment of women as safe and agreeable
to them as is humanly possible.
An excellent dispensary and hospital are maintained, in charge of a
physician, and conducted by five trained nurses; two
nurses being constantly on duty at night.
17.
The Company would obligate itself to make
proper provision for access to the plant and return
therefrom, altho the hours of such access and return
on the part of the night shift would remain identical
with the present hours on the 2 P.M. to 10 P.M. shift
in going off work, and the 6 A.M. to 2 P.M. shift in
coming on to work.
18.
All proper provision would be made in the
way of matrons for properly looking after women employed on night shift, as is now done in the case of
the two day shifts on which women are employed, and
we think it can be said without any luestion that the
night shift would be so conducted, in the event of the
employment of women thereon, as to afford every reasonable safeguard and protection for such women.
19.
To sum the situation up, permission to
employ female labor any 8 hours in 24 would result
in -(a)

Considerable augmentation of force.

(b) Greatly increased efficiency of such
force, due to more perfect balancing of shifts and
reduction of labor turnover.
(o) As a combination of the above two factors,
a marked increase in production.
(d) Utilization of a fairly good supply of
unemployed local female labor as against the necessity
of artificial and undesirable transfer of male labor
from other districts to this district.
This alternative is both uneconomic and inefficient.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

5

(e)
A very desirable relief of the existing
marked shortage of labor in this district, both
for mines and for this industry.

Respectfully submitted,
WORTHINGTON PUMP AND MACHINERY CORPORATION
HAZLETON WORKS

LCKAJAA--C-A-A-"To:

The Honorable Secretary of War,
Washington, D.C.


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APPENDIX A.

The following figures as to labor supply
in this district are submitted herewith:
A rough census of the total population of
Haaeton, West Hazleton, Freeland, lacAdoo, Jeanes7ille,
Audenried, Jeddo, Harwood, Uonyngham, in fact all places
adjacent to either trolley service or a bus service
from which labor can be drawn for use in our plant, shows
approximately 65,000 men, women and children.
Of this
65,000 there are about 20,000 able-bodied workmen, and
about 15,000 able-bodied women over 21 years of ago.
In other words, the total working population of the
district Which is available for our use is about 35,000
men and women.
Regarding the men:
A rough statement of
their allocation is as per the following:
Workmen in the Anthracite coal mines
Workmen in other factories in Haaeton
Workmen in our own factory
Men farming, in stores, and in
miscellaneous commercial pursuits

41= MO NO

IMO MO

12,000
1,600
3,400
3,000
20,000

As regards women, their allocation is
approximately as follows:
Women employed in other factories
in Hazleton
Women employed in our own factory
Women employed in miscellaneous
com-ercial work in Haaeton
Women unemployed

=ID OW IMP

.1E1 ••• OWN

.111/ MED

3,000
1,000
4,000
7 000
000

2o obtain capacity in the production of
ammunition from our factory, which is as you know devoted exclusively to Army and Navy projectile work,we
estimate that approximately 6,000 employes will be required.
We now have in our factory 1,000 women and
3,400 men, or a total of 4,400 employes.
This is about
three-quarters of our ultimate requirement, and it is
necessary for us to obtain over 1,500 more employes
during the next six weeks or two months.

1


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An examination of tile allocation of available workmen in this district shows that there are at
present no men unemployed.
If we were to increase •
our force by 1,500 men it would be necessary to rob the
Anthracite coal mines and other essential industries.
It is not possible for us to obtain this number of male
employes from non-essential industries in this district.
Approximately 2,000 workmen have been removed from this
district and employed by such concerns as the Bethlehem
Steel Company, Eddystone Ammunition Corporation, and
We, in planning our working force
many others.
figured largely on these 2,000 men, but now that they
are gone some other means to gain an adequate working
force must be considered.
Of course, we can take
no labor away from the coal companies.
de could take
labor away from the other factories in this city, but
we are largely dependent upon many of these other
factories for supplies and supplemental macnine work.
It seems impracticable to import male labor
from other districts.
It is impossible to house them
in sufficient quantity to make it worth while, and
further, the i,Tortation of labor from outside districts,
which may or may not be employed in essential industries,
is contradictory to the national program of employment.
On the other hand, there are nearly 7,000
able-bodied women 21 years of age or over in this
territory who are unemployed..
If we were permitted
concession allowing women to work any 8 hours during
the 24, our entire additional 1,500 employes could be
women.
This will not disturb the balance of any
industry in the district, since it would simply mean
employing women who are not now working.

APPENDIX B

Vie submit as follows employment figures
from week ending July 20, 1918 to date:
Week
Ending
July 20
" 27
.,.ug• 3
TT
10
n 17
11
24
" 31
Sept. 7

Men Employed
3,276
3,327
3,336
3,305
3,325
3,391
3,434
3,475
*

Weekly
Voluntary
Q,uits (")
3.3
4.7
3.4
3.9
3.4
3.3
4.8
4.8

Women Employed
935
943
938
951
940
923
936
956

Weekly
Voluntary
quits (5)
1.4
1.5
1.9
1.9
2.3 *
3.4 *
3.1 *
3.2*

2he increased percentage of quits in these
four cases is the result of teachers and
pupils returning to school.

It will be noted that in spite of the
as represented by percentage of
turnover
our
that
fact
voluntary quits is low both for men coad women, nevertheless owing to the exteme difficulty of obtaining
men the building up of our force has been slow. During
this period we have exercised every effort, thru the
Federal Employment Service, to build up this force.
We have not tried particularly as yet to build up our
force of women, since the figures as shown are about
as near as we can go in the employment of women until
the night shift is made more effective.
It should also be noted that altho the
percentage of voluntary quits among men is comparatively
low most of these quits occurred on the night 'force, the
percentage of night force turnover alone being three to
four times the figures given.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

-1A

Worthington Pump and Mach. Corp., Hazleton, Pa.
Sept. 11, 1918.
1st Ind.
From Henry Boss, Capt. Ord. Dept. U.S.A., Worthington Pump
and Mach. Corp., Hazleton, Pa., Sept. 11, 1918. To the Secretary
of Wax' through the District Ordnance Office, Philadelphia, Pa.
The writer has carefully gone over the matter of em1.
ploying women to work any eight (8) hours out of the twenty-four
(24) for a period not to exceed fifty-four (54) hours per week.
2.
The Plant is running on three (3) shifts, two (2) of
which rotate and on which women are now successfully employed,
while a permanent shift of men is being operated at night.
The writer finds tnut women are well able to replace
3.
men on the majority of operations in this plant and produce
satisfactory workmanship. Since putting women on various operations, the Company has been able to utilize men formally working
on the aforesaid operations, for work which women are unable to
do.
Since Mr. Goodnan has taken over the management of the
4.
Worthinzton Pump and Mach. Corp., Hazleton, Pa., production has
increased on both adapters, boosters and shells 100%. The
writer feels that Mr. Goodman has shown such excellent results that
he is absolutely worthy of the full backing of the War Department
in obtaining dispensations for which he asks.
It is recommended that the petition submitted by the
5.
Worthington Pump ex. Mach. Corp., hazleton, Pa. be acted upon favorably.

HENRY iOS
Capt. rd. Dept. U.S.A.
Production Officer.
2nd Ind.
From Army Inspector of Ordnance, Worthington Pump and Mach.
Corp., Hazleton, Pa., Sept. 11, 1418. To the Secretary of War
through the District Ordnance Office, 1710 Market St., Philadelphla, Pa.
The above petition has been pone over carefully by the
1.
writer and its statements verified. From personal observation,
believe the employment of women in this Plant throughut the twentyfour (24) hours is necessary to secure the maximum output at the
earliest possible time.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

2
Worthington Pup and Mach. Corp., Hazleton, Pa.
Sept. 11, 1918.
To the Secretary of War through the District Ordnance Ofc'ice, Philadelphia, Pa.
2nd Ind.
2.
Believe this petition is especially worthy of atte,ition in
view of the admirable record made by the new management during the
past two months. On the 75 M/M Shell, the quality has so improved
that our daily rejections has been decreased from 40% to less than
5%, in addition to which there has been a large increase in production. This improvement in quality and increase in quantity is still
continuing, but it is evident that the maximum production under the
present labor limitations will be less than 50,000 per week; whereas,
with equal shifts of maximum size, the plant apparently can produce
120,000 per week.
3.
It is, therefore, recommended that the petition of the Worthington Pump & Mach. Corp., Hazleton, Pa. be granted.

R. E BRIAJIT
Capt. Ord. Dept. U.S.A.
Army Inspector of Ordnance.
REB:.&A


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Ad
ADDRESS REPLY TO

OLIR FILE.

TELEPHONE No.

,
1 10.

WAR DEPARTMENT

YOUR FiLE No.

ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT
INSPECTION

DIVISION

OFFICE AT

Hazleton, Pa.
PLEASE MAKE REPLIES IN DUPLICATE'
AND REFER TO OUR FILE NUMBER

DATE

Sept. 12, 1918.

FROM:

Army Insp. of Ord. Worthington Pump & Mach.Corp.

TO:

Miss Louise Cornell, Philadelphia, Pa.

Subject:

IMPROVED QUALITY OF 75mm.SHELL SUBMITTED TO INSPECTION

Supporting figures given in my 2nd. Ind. to
1.
Worthington Company's request for suspension of law restricting powers for female labor, submit the following.
Mr. Goodman, new Manager of the plant, succeeded Mr. Jennings the early part of July. The last
week in June the number of shell accepted was 14,570,
quantity returned to the company as faulty was 5,868, or
approximately 40%. For the last week in August, corresponding figures were 25,827 accepted, and 1,321 returned,
or approximately 5%.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

R.E.BRYANT.
Capt. Ord. Dept. U.S.A.
Army Insp. of Ord.

ADDRESS REPLY TO

OUR FILE

No.

TELEPHONE No.

WAR DEPARTMENT

YOUR FILE NO.

ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT
INSPECTION
OFFICE

DIVISION
AT

Hazleton, Pa.
PLEASE MAKE REPLIES IN DUPLICATE

AND REFER TO OUR FILE NUMBER

DAME

Sept. 12, 1918.

FROM:

Henry Soss, Capt. Ord. Dept. U.S.A.

TO:

Miss .louise Cornell, Philadelphia, Pa.

Subject:

INCREASED PRODUCTION AT THE WORTHINGTON PLANT.

Mr. Goodman, new Manager of this plant,
1.
took up his duties about the 15th of July. The writer
finds that for the week ending July 13th production on
75mm. shell was 16,985 and on Mark III adapters and
boosters 28,975, whereas, the production for the week
ending yesterday, Sept. 11th. was 30,994 75mm. shell,
and 56,500 MarE III adapters and boosters, or very
nearly LAY') increase in both items.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

HENRY
Capt.
Produ

S
d. Dept. U.S.A.
ion Officer.

COPY
ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT
OFFICE OF ORDNANCE DISTRICT CHIEF
1710 MARKET STREET
PHILADELPHIA, PA.

.719./'.7 t.TCITIOF

DIVISION

.
- 0 INSURE PROMPT ATTENTION
IN REPLYING REFER TO:

NO.
ATTENTION

September 12, 1918.

OF

FROM:

Louise Cornell, Women's Branch.

TO:

Major Greene, Production Chief.

SUBJECT:

Petition of Worthington Pump & Machinery Corp. for
permission to employ women between the hours of 10
P.M. and 6 A.M. at Hazleton, Pa.

1.
I visited the Hazleton Plant of the Worthington Pump and
Machinery Corporation on September 11th, ncoomnanied by a representative of the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industries.
2.
With Mr. Goodman, Mr. Miller, Mr. Tyler, Captain Soss and
Captain Bryant the question of the necessity of employing women at
night was gone over carefully. A second visit through the plant was
made at 10 P. M. at the time of changing shift.
I am of the opinion that shortage of labor has affected pro3.
duction at this plant, and that the need for seriously considering permitting the employment of women at night is at hand. The work is suited
to women, and hours, wages and working conditions favorable. It is believed that n rotating night shift for women could, with proper supervision, be established here without encountering many of the drawbacks
usually accompanying such a shift.
4.
It is my recommendation, therefore, that the petition from the
Worthington Corroration, which will probably reach your office on September 13th, be referred with your indorsement to the Secretary of War,
through the Industrial Service Section.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

LOUISE CORNTLL
Women's Branch

ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT

OFFICE OF ORDNANCE DISTRICT CHIEF
1710 MARKET STREET
PHILADELPHIA, PA.

Pr.)7,":,TIO1C

DIVISION

TO INSURE PROMPT ATTENTION
IN REPLYING REFER TO:

September 14, 1918.
NO.
ATTENTION

OF

FROM:

Louise Cornell, Women's Branch, Philadelphia District.

TO:

Clara Tead Acting Director, Women's Branch, Ordnance Office,
through Philadelphia Production Office.
Worthington Pump & Machinery Corp., Hazleton, Pa.: Request for
permission to employ women between the hours of 10 P.M. and
6 A.M.

SUBJECT:

1.

Visit to Plant, September 11, 1918.
Following conference with Major Greene, Major Schwartz, and Major
Masters, Cornell visited plant September 11th, accompanied by
Siebert of the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industries.
Second visit same date, at 10 P.M.

2.

Persons Interviewed
Mr. William Goodman, General Manager
Mt. Tyler, Assistant Manager
Mr. Miller, Employment
Miss Marcum, Matron
Capt. Soss, Ordnance Production Officer
Capt. Bryant, Army Inspector of Ordnance

3.

Statement of the Case
Plant now operating on three 8-hour shifts: 2 day shifts, interchanging weekly, 30% women; night shift permanent, 1/3 the size of day
shifts, and composed of men only. Turnover on night shift estimated
twice as high as on the day shifts, in spite of 10% bonus. Lack of
housing facilities in town limits number of workmen who can be imported.
70% the estimated proportion of male employees under 31 years of age.
Necessity of increasing present force by 1600 to fully man 3 shifts.
Extent of possible employment of women on 2 shifts said to have been
reached without throwing out the balance of the production.

4.

Salient Facts Relating to Employment Management


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a. No. Employed: 4400; men 3400, women 1000.
b. Hours: 6 A.M. to 2 P.M.; 2 P.M. to 10 P.M.; 10 P.M. to 6 A.M.
lunch period,
hour.


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2.

c. Shifts:-2 day shifts, 500 women on each,rotating week
ly.
sight shift,500 men,no rotation,
Operators must report for work 5 minutes
ahead of
time,relieving worker at machine without
need of
turning off power. Change of shift accompli
shed
in orderly fashion.
Production on each shift depends larg
ely on output of preaeeding shift. Present might shif
t is
distributed to bring up law points
in production.
It is stated by the management that unti
l night
shift is well balanced,little can be
done to increase production on the other shifts.
d.Wages

Premium based on production. See
report May 3,1918)
Women- 27i-30O per hour
Men - 3*-350 " "
Piece rate after minimum producti
on is reached.
It was inferred by the management that
hour rate
for men and women would be made
equal in 3 rotating shifts could be effected.

e.Bmployment Methods: *Centralized
department procures and
hires all workers.Permitted by
the Employment
Service to send out scouts,but
not to advertise.
Foremen have right of discharge,
-no transfers.
Weekly report filed by this depa
rtment indicated
slaw increase in force,and comparat
ively low
voluntary turnover.
No Ilaysical examination required
.
No woman to employ women.
f.Welfare Department: A "Welfare
"man is employed to conduct
recreatiototo. Has little bear
ing on problems of
handling men,or production.
g.Supervisor of women: Head matr
on woman under 30.Little experience. Has little support of manageme
nt or workers.
Situation in this plant demands woma
n of high caliber,
who shall receive backing of the mana
gement,and can
inspire workers with confidence. Mr.Goodm
an recognizes this,and has asked the Wome
n's Branch to suggest
the right person.
h.General working conditions:
(See report of May 3,1918)
Conditions in plant excellent.liachines
equipped with
compressed air devices,and well guarded.
Lighting good
by day.and at night general and
local lighting makes
shop bright. No lunch roam ,but plan
s exist for the

3.
building of a separate cafeteria.All available space is occupied
at present.Shop canteens might be arranged as a temPorary measure.
Looker rooms for women- 2 women to one looker.
Toilet facilities-permit the employment of 500 girls per shift.
i.Transportation:- Motor busses are run by Company to bring girls
who live beyond trolly or train routesailling to increase this
service as necessary.and will provide means to take home any
girl who has to go home in the middle of the night.
As 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. shift comes to work,and leaves work at the
hour the previous shift leaves,and the following comes on,it
is not supposed that difficulties in transportation will be encountered if women are employed at night.
j.Labor supply:-Local employment bureau said to report plenty of men
available in New York,-but that their transportation must be
paid,and the rate for New York laborers-464.(3740d is Hazleton
rate) Little success has been met in holding men thus brought
from a distance. Mines, and other was industries have exhausted
stable local supply of male labir.
Plant Employment department reports that it has from 1000-1500
women applicants registered.
5.Summary;
That plant conditions can be made favorable to the employment of
women or night shift,-notably by installing a woman supervisor of
unusual capacity,and by establishing shop canteens where hot drinks
can be secured. Work in plamtwell suited to woman. Evidence obtained
indicates that labor shortage is already a factor limiting production.
Recent change in management has been accompanied with favorable results
reflected in production and shop organization.
6.Recommendations
a. That the Women's Brandh,Ordnance,take the necessary steps to secure
for the Worthington Pump and Machinery Company permission to
employ women at night in the interests of maximum production
of necessary warmaterials.
b.That such permission be dependent of the establishment of the
following co ditions at the plant:
(1)Installation of woman supervisor who shall have full
backing of the management and the confidence of the
workera.
(2)Establishment of safeguards for the ordinary drawbacks
accompanying a night shift which shall be acceptible
to the Women's Branch:these to include,-provision for
serving hot drinks,adequate transportation to outlying parts,
extension of toilet facilities with the increase of numbers
•
employed.

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4.

earliest possible attention
o.That such action receive the
of the Women's Branch.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

itAA isz_ et)
Laaise Cornell
Women's Branch
Philadelphia District.

•

ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT

OFFICE OF ORDNANCE DISTRICT CHIEF
rno

MARKET STREET

PHILADELPHIA, PA

TALSPECtrION
TO INSURE PROMPT ATTENTI
ON
IN REPLYING REFER TO

DIVISION
September 13, 1918

NO.4o.o..laa. Worthington
ATTENTION OF

MAJOR F.M.MASTERS.

From:-

Major F. M. Masters.

To:-

Mr. J. C. Jones, District Chief.

Thru:

Major W. M. Schwartz, Inspection Manager.

Subject:

USE OF WOMEN ON NIGHT SHIFT AT WORTHINGTON
PUMP AND MACHINWJRY CORPORATION.

1. Concerning the applic7tion of the
Worth
Pump and Machinery Corpor tion for the setting aside ington
of the
state laws in connection with the employment of
women between
the hours of ten P. M. and six A. M., in reviewing
the c ,se as
presented by the Worthington Pump and Machinery
Corporation,
certain statements made therein would condemn the
c se on its
own tstimony, without some further explanation.
2. They state that the total number of
employees
required in the plant will be about six thousand,
- th,..-t they
now have employed four thous;:nd four hundred, and
with this
number of employees, which is two-thirds of the
total number
rt4uired to fully man the plant, their production
is less
than fifty per cent.
3. In further explanation of this condi
tion, a detailed statement of conditions as they have
existed up to the
present time at the plant should be given
consideration.
4. The government has invested in thts plant about
a million and a half dollars in buildings and
equipment. In
laying out the plant, the equipment was order
ed before the
plans were completed, with the result that it of.
s not properly
tooled and balanced in all of its operations. The origi
nal
plans were to make forgings from the raw rounds, and
machine
them into finished shells of the seventy-five m/m size, in
addition to the making of adapters and boosters, :ark III,
and machining of navy shells. When the plant was first
equipped, the forge shop ir.4.s not in operation, and they were
supplied with rou.?.11 forgings from other forge plants. These
forgings require machining both inside
and outside. Many thou
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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

-2Mr. J. C. Jones

September 13/18

sands of these forgings were shipped to the plant, and a great
many of them are still in process of machining in the plant.
However, these will all be finished within the next few days.
When these are completed, then the shop will take up active
production on the forgings which they are now making in their
own plant, which are made by the French cold-drawn process, and
do not require machining on the inside.
5. The estimated possible production of the plant is
based upon the machining of the French type forgings, and not on
the forgings with which they have been supplied. Furthermore, due
to a lack of sufficient heat treating capacity, which condition
has now been remedied, the plant w-s limited in its production,
up to date owing to this operation. This unbalanced condition in
the plant has piled up many thousands of shells in a_ partially
machined condition, ahead of the various operations.
This will
shortly start to balance itself and start n uniform flow of the product, provided they can balance the shifts and fully men the heat
treating, sand-blasting, and forge shop Operations, on which men
only can be employed.
6. Furthermore in the production figures given in
the petition, they have made no mention of the navy shells, which
are being produced in considerable quantity, and of course, this
product uses a large number of the employees.
7. Furthermore, their labor up to the present time
might all have been classed as unskilled labor. It was necessary
to teach the women how to handle the machines and perform the
various operations. They are only now becoming efficient, and it
is only of very recent date that any of the operators have made
their piece rates to any large extent.
8. In addition to this, the former management was
open to considerable criticism in their attitude towards the work,
and a large amount of defective material produced. It became necessary a short time ago to make a careful survey and study of the
entire plant, with a view to remedying all errors in the machining
olx.-.ratipno, as well as the organization, so as to eliminate the
large number of defectives, speed up the operations, and get up
to production.
P. The new management has cooperated heartily in every
respect,has made recommended changes, with the rasult that the number of rejections is greatly reduced, as certified to by Captain
Bryant in his statement, and the production is rapidly increasing.
10. Furthermore, there is one other item which should
be considered, and that is the lack of power in the operation of
the plant. Due to insufficient power supply, the plant is sometimes closed down .s many as ten to twenty times a day. This,


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

-3Mr J

C. Jones

PAND-312 P. D.
September 13/18

of course, seriously hinders the operations on a machining job, when the lathes stop in the midst of a cut, it is nearly always
necssry to re-set the tools, and frequently re-grind s.,me.
11. This condition has just recently been Laker u .
k
by the Plant Facilities Section of the Production Division, acting on recommendation and taking steps to provide additional
power supply, which will halp solve many of their problems when
it is installHd.
12. The writer has made a ver- careful study of
all the conditions at the plant, has been in close touch with
all of its operations wid difficulties, and at the present time
believes that the only possible solution to increPse production
is that of addition.al labor supply, and the only available labor supply seems to be the employment of additional women, working them twenty-four hours per day.
13. The -uestion might be raised of why not fully
man two shifts, but this does not seem advisable, when there
is such a tremendous pressure being brought to bear for the increased production of adapters and boosters, and by t
king the othEr
step, it will be possible to put this plant on full
production
rind secure one hundred per cent. of its capacity, rather
than
put on tNo full shifts, which would naturally give you
less
than
? two-thirds production in the plant.
14. For the above stated rea6ons, it is urged
the petition of the Worthington Pump and Machinery Corpora that
tion
be given favorable consideration.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

F.M.MASTERS,
VIAJOR ORD.DEPT.O.S.A.
FEAD--PROJFCTILE & TRENCH-WARFARE :IATERIbl ,
SFCTION.

ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT

WMS.GT.

OFFICE OF ORDNANCE DISTRICT CHIEF
1710 MARKET STREET
PHILADELPHIA

INSPECTION

PA

DIVISION

TO INSURE PROMPT ATTENTION
IN REPLYING REFER TO ,

N. 230 Worthington

PAI\1D

September 12, 1918

ATTENTION OF

AJQR W.M.SCHWARTZ.

From:

Inspection h.anager,
Phila.Ord.District,
District Chief,
Phila.Ord.Dist.

Subject:

USE OF WOMEN ON NIGHT SHIFT AT WORTHINGTON
PUMP PND MACHINERY CORPOBATION.

1. It is recommended that the request of the
Worthington Pump and Lachinery Corporation, Hazleton, Penns,
for permission to work women on the night shifts be approved.
2. The need for 75 m/m complete rounds is very
great. This ammunition is principally now being furnished
from surplus stores by the French, and this Office is advised by the French Commission that these stores will be
depleted around the first of October, and after that date,
it will be necessary for the United States to furnish its
own seventy-five m/m ammunition.
3. The factor which is now restricting its output is the production of boosters and adapters. These items are among those being produced by the Worthington Pump
It is believed that the placand Machinery Corporation.
night
shift
the
on
women
would bring about a very
ing of
and
production,
in
will thus help out this
great increase
situation.
serious
4. Every effort has been made by the Worthington
Pump and giachinery Corporation, by the Production Officer,
Captain Soss, .who is stationed at the plant, and by Captain
Bryant, Army Inspector of Ordnance, to produce results without having women on the night shift, but they have found
that it is impossible for them to maintain a good balance,
and an even flow of material thruout the plant, without
placing women on the night shift,
5. It is pointed out that a request was made for
authority to work women on the night shift several months

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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

-2PAND-230 Worthington
District Chief

September 12

ago, and had the authority been granted at that time, the
women would now have been all broken in on the work and
trained, and it is believed that the plant would be on a
very much larger production basis than at the present time.
6. A great deal of time and thought has been
given this subject by the Worthington Pump and Machinery
Corporation, and by the representatives of the Ordnance
Department, on the ground, who know more about the situation than anyone else, and also by the Philadelphia District
Office, and all are in absolute unit in the belief that
it is essential that this plant be given authority to work
the women on the night shift - otherwise, production will
continue to be restricted, and will materially affect the
shipment of seventy-five m/m ammunition to France.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

THE PHILADELPHIA DISTRICT OFFICE.
1717
50
W.M.SCHWARTZ.
MAJOR ORD.DEPT.U.S.A.
INSPECTION MANAGER.