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Ut)42__ LA530c) po L 1 C 1 ,abs )it

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Ow !votes


February 11, 1919.

Present: Mr. Frankfurter, Chairman
Mr. He
Dr. Wilcox
Ur. Densmore
Miss Van Kleeok
Mr. Gaus, Secretary.


Mr. Frankfurter announced his resignation as Assistant to

the Secretary of Labor and as Chairman of the War Labor Policies Board,
and that the Secretary of Labor had directed that the Board be terminated
by May.
There was a general discussion of the necessity for the oontinuing of an inter-departmental board to coordinate the work of the various
labor adjus trnent agenclee of th e government


Mr. ROMIG was chosen as temporary chairman of the Board.


It was decided that a meeting should be held on Friday', February

14th at 10 A. M. to discuss the advisability of some organization to
carry on the work of the Board.

The tenporary chairman appointed Mr. Wilcox and Mr. Densmore

as a Committee to prepare resolutions regarding Kr. Frankfurter's
servioes to the War Labor Policies Board for the signatures of the

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

The meeting was adjourned at 11:15 A. M.

J. M. (haus. Secretary.

February 14, 1919.

Presents Mr. Howe, Chairman
Mr. King
Mr. Christie
Mr. Wilcox
Mr. Ehrmann
Mr. Diamond
Mr. Densmore
Miss Van Kleedk
J. M. Gams, Secretary.

Mr. Densmore resented resolutions concerning Mr. frankfurter's services to the War Labor Policies Board for the committee
previously instructed to prepare such resolutions. It vas moved by


Diamond and seconded by Mr. Christie that these resolutions be

adopted. The motion vas voted unanimously.
The Chairman asked Mr. Diamond to ascertain frcm the
officials of the A. F. of L. that their attitude vould be toaard the
establishment of an inter-departmental board to yhich labor could state
its program and desires.
The Chairman also requested Mtss Van Kleeck to do the same
for the women's trade unions.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

It vas decided to hold another meeting on Friday, February 21.
The meting adjourned at 11:30 A. M.
J. M. Gaus

procedure and the
The attached statement explains the
be issued by the Board
reasons for it, and it is suggested that it
at this time.
conferences have
In working out the plan here suggested,
an lemon in Indust4
been held with representatives of the Committee
National Defense, the
and the Woman's Committee of the Council of
, the War Later Board,
Labor Division of the War Industries Board
ially its legislative comthe American Federation of Labor, espec
of the Department of Labor,
mittee, the Council an Women in Industry
appointed by the WOman in
the Committee on Aasardous Occupations
Health Service, the Army,
Industry Service, (representing the Public
Pennsylvania Board of
the Navy and the Bureau of Standards), the
es the National
Labor and Industry, the Ational Consumers' Leagu
American Association for Labor
Women's Trade Union :Alava* and the

Although le he net asked for official endor

t of these conby any of these groups, we belie,' that tie resul
the problem which we
ferences, is an understanding on their part of
are facing.

It has been clear in all the conferences that

for women should not
agencies are much concerned that night work
it is fully demonstrated.
be permitted except where the necessity for
will depend wholly
The effectiveness of the plan proposed
has therefore been
upon its administration, and careful attention
given to this problem.

In general the procedure will be that re.0

of the Seeretary of
:tests for permits will be sent to the office
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

ty for granting
War or the Secretary of the Navy, and the necessi
will be determined
the permit from the point of view of production
by the department concerned.

The Women in Industry Service will be

conditions under
charged with responsibility for determining the
at night and
which a given plant will be permitted to employ women
Will Guise an investigation to be made in advance of the
of the permit.

At the time when the permit is granted the WOmen

l agency to
in Industry Service will designate an appropriate officia
supervise the night shift for women during the period of tHe permit
and will receive regular reports regarding the conditions of employment in leach plant holding a permit.
0Onferences have been Ileld with the ler Department and
with the Navy regarding the organization of staffs of women inspectors in connection with those departments to carry on the necessary administrative procedure for the granting of permits.

A WOments

Branch is already organised in the Ordnance Department and is fairly
well equipped to handle the work in plants working on contracts for
that department, altilou6- the staff mast be enlarged.


can probably be made for inspections through the existing forces
in the taaartermasterle Department, and plans are under way for
other divisions of the war Apartment.

The Navy prefers to have

the admini:trative lurk dons by the Wbman in Industry Service and
will therefore appoint a staff of inspectors for plants working on
contracts for the Navy on nomination of the '41oman in Industry Ser-
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

vice, detailing them for daty in that Service.

lb plans have yet

been made for administration of the plan in plants under the jurisdiction of the Food Administration or the U. S. Shipping Board, or
other federal departments, as the imediate problems brought to our
attention concern the Mr Department and the Navy.
To administer the plan properly, and to review the recommendations of the investigating forces in the various departments
will require a larger staff than is possible under the present
appropriation of the Woman in Industry Service.

If the War Labor

Policies Board approves the plan, therefore, it will be essential
to provide the necessary funds for increasing the field force of
the Woman in Industry Service.

An effective plan and the machinery

for carrying it out during the present emergency &timid have permanent
and advantageous results in the establishments of standards for labor
legislation as well as in the protection of standards already attained.
General standards includinc the limitation of the nib.t
shift to eight hours and rigid appliance of the principle of aqua
pay for equal work will be required of all plants holding permits,
a-rzi in oath plant specific conditions will be set in advance of
recommending the permit.

These conditions will cover such matters

as the ages of the women employed at nicht, rotation of shifts,
transportation facilities, installation of canteens, adequate
supervision, facilities for health, comfort and safety and the
selection and training of women workers.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

States now having unequivocal laws prohibiting the employment of women at nicht in factories are as follows:
Delaware, Indiana, Kansas, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Bre York,
Pennsylvania and Wisconsin.


The War labor Policies Board is asked, therefOre, to vote

upon the plan outlined in the attached statement, and to endorse the
administrative procedure suggested4 including the need for larger
funds for the WOman in Industry Service to mike the plan effective.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Respectfully submitted,

Mary Van Kleeck, Director,
':oman in Industry Service of the
U. S. Department of Labor.