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https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis VnII ,FIN 17DUTRY ST.R41.0774, August 1, 1918. My dear Ur. Harahan' which / trust that you have rsTarded the talks 1, 9, 15 and 19, we hut() hal asea rsply to your letters of July of w mon !n t1i41 ehipya-1n on the subject of po3sible omilo7ment ship/amis. .4111 on the stret.t Iullarsta.ni ta4. you blfo.-e yen istormins think it boot to Jo soro pral4viwtr:7 'work upon :In investiation as affeCtIv; wo,-.en. I: sten ',his is con- connoci.lon wLth ev(*h pleted we oun 4e of Any service to you in coal upon uo. un invosti,ation, I hope 'c.hat you !_11 https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis By that a,1 and able tYere,fore tiro I trust that we shall be better organiz to toll you promrtly hat part ve should tpuLe in eu,A a I_ of "O !'l(. 3a1tir ,ore fAin The Iv( rkim who wrote artio2os for the on ohlryard, Is builAinT workers, following hor rorl. in a laltinore Sun, Ba3ttmoro, Mrs. Thornr B. Pa-rison, care of the Maryland. Silloerely your, Director. Woren in Industry Service, Mr. L. C. Marshall. trergenoy Ylet Cor, oration. Philadelphia. Pennsylvania. RUSSELL SAGE FOUNDATION 130 EAST 22D STREET NEW YORK CITY July 19, 1918 Miss Mary Van Kleeck Division of Women in Industry Department of Labor Washington, D. C. Dear Miss Van Kleeck: Write to Mrs. Thomas B. Harrison, care of the Baltimore Sun, Baltimore, Maryland. She is the woman who wrote the articles on the ship building workers. https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Sincerely yours, • https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis RE ET UNITED STATES SHIPPING BOARD EMERGENCY FLEET CORPORATION PHILADELPHIA, PA, 7.:ary Van Lleek, DelJartment of Labor, -;:ashington, D. C. Lj dear Miss Van Eleek: I understand that you have had a talk wit. Lr. B. V:olfe, concerning the work of romen in shipyards, and that you have certain suppestions to make with respect to the inquiry. I shall, of course, be very plad to rnet ycur sur-o•esticrs on the matter and shall be very rlad if y(u Till include the financial coretderatiors invelved _asc. Very truly ycurs, Director of Industrial LulatiorL.. BROAD STREET https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis UNITED STATES SHIPPING BOARD EMERGENCY FLEET CORPORATION N '31:1 PHILADELPHIA, PA. July 1,1918. JUL3 1918 Miss Mary Von Kleeck, Industrial Service Section, Ordnance Departident, Washintcn, D C My dear Miss Van Kleecks It seems desirable for the Industrial Relatiors Division of the Ineri;ency ileet Corporation to institute an inquiry concerning the possibility and advisability under certain contingencies of employinc women in shipyards. While it is perhaps unlikely that any such step will need be taken, we shall be ready for it, if necessary. Car you serd us, or inform us Wlere we can obtain,a copy of your report to the Storage Committee, Council of National DeWe shall be grateful also for any suggestion, bibliographfense? ical or otherwise, Which out of your experience in investigating war work for won you may think desirable for us. We shall have available, of course, the Bulletins of the Bureau of Labor, and some material from the British Ministry of Munitions, but yau-may know of other and more elusive sources wIth reard to the work of women in the metal trades. Do /ou know any person who would be available for a detailed study of the field? Very truly yours, Director Industrial Relations. https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis STREET UNITED STATES SHIPPING BOARD EMERGENCY FLEET CORPORATION PHILADELPHIA, PA. Miss Mary Van neeck, Department of Labor, Washington, D. C. 1:y dear Lass Van laaeck: . ,erson you .Jk:14t1oned ' What is the name of thu . who had already made our conversation the other day shipyards and had, as I study of the work of women in subject? remember, made a re)ort on the Yours very sincere' / Director of Industrial https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis JEWILMING _T NW. UNITED STATES SHIPPING BOARD EMERGENCY FLEET CORPORATION WASHINGTON July 11, 1918. YA.ss mary Van Kleeck, Department of Labor, Washington, D. C. —y dear T:iss Van Kleeck: I enclose a copy of a communication vilich I have received from the Director of Passen7er Transportation and Housing of the Emergency Fleet Corporation with respect to the deficiency in labor required for operation of street cars serving shipyards. Have you suggestions concerning a solution by the use of women in this branch of worii:? Yours very sincerely, LCM:H Director of Industrial Relations. https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis July 9, 1918. MOO. TO: Dr, L. C. Marshall FROM: Mr. A. k. Taylor SUBJECT: ;EF;CIUCY IN LABOR MUM:3) FOT OPERATION OF 0Anz SERUNG SFITTAMIL smig The inereesing deficiencies in the nuMber of neitimmin and conductors required. by transportation companies to give shipyard, and other war industries, adequate transportation service, is becoming so acute that, unless the shipyards continuo to supply an increasing nuMber of shipyard workers to operate special care in the morning and evening rush periods, the transportation companies will be unable to provide the service necessary, if the production of the Shipyards is not to be interfered with by inability to pet the men to and from their work. In their barns, *hick they get, men to opera this class of labor, in and other war industries railwazr companies have extra cars in rated because they have not, nor can tk the prevailing rates of wa"es for ettstli.on with the wages paid by shipyards In addition to t under villa the transportation cure men, they are under the companies operate in their endeavo t that men working in additional disadvantage in vier of the eby either a deferred shipyards and other war industries obtot g in an "essential" industry. classification, or are classed as wo As an example, I would cite two cases in point, consisting of the Southern Division of t're Public Servioe Railway Compav, of New Jersey, Which serves the New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, Pussy & Janes plant, Gloucester, and the Powder Loading plant at Washington Park, New Jersey. At the present time, this oompany is 44 men short of the rorkinr. , force needed to provide adequate transportation. and are forced to the expedient of employing women to operate some of their cars; but even with them cannot build up their fovea to the extent required. The second case is that qf the 7iilmington & Philadelphia Traction Company and its controlled company, the SouthernPenae7ivumia Traction Company, serving the shipyards in Chester, and ordnance plants In Eddystone, and the Shipyards and other war industries in Wilmington. This company at times has as maw as ten cars lying idle in their barn in Chester, which are badly needed for war industry service, but which they cannot operate oving to the shortage of men. S.• -2- to. t https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis The Emergency Fleet Corporation is financing the purchase of 33 additional cars for service to the New York Shipbuilding plant, and the 7"useyec Janes plant in New Jersey; also 22 additional ears for serving shipyards in Chester and, unless some means is found to aid the transportation oompany in building up their motorman and conductor forces, it will be impossible to utilize these additional facilities, unless men are taken from the industries themselves for the operation of the oars. I am attaching hereto a statement showing the various shipyards at 'Which this condition exists, 74th the name of the transportation company supplying the service. In some cases, as Indicated, we have been forced to the wpedient of taking men from the shipyards to operate oars during the morning and evening rush. I have tan up with several transportation companies the desirability of their obtaining a grant of deferred classification for men within the draft age, who will operate cars on routes serving shipyards; or of ol g transportation companies serving shipyards and mini plts n. as "essential" ear industries, and it is the OINSOMSUS of op on t this would be a material help, if it did furniah the complet the labor problem, so far as getting men is concerned. I believe if ion were taken by the War Department of such nature that rtation companies supplying service to war industries a the fact that they were classed as an "essential" industry, tt men operating ears directly serving shipyards and war Induati.waxld. be classed as men working in au "essential" industry, aikrpossible, friven deferred classification on that account, ther auld be an immediate supply of platform labor thus mad* available to the street car companies, consistinr. of men both within and without the present draft age limit, under the recent "Work or Fight" ruling. I Shall greatly appreoiate -your takinr this up with the authorities, with the view of developin7 wome action that will relieve what has become a very serious situation as regards transportation of war workers to and from their work. (Signed) A. M. Taylor Di_ rector of Passenger Transportati on and Housing IBC:MS S:IUPYAZDS WEEEE SHORTAGE OF MOTOR= Alg QpIDUCTOR I 41.7115;CTING, OR IS EXPED7U TWSPOFTZIOE OF SHIPYARD TO MEMBE. BRIPYAIID New York S.B. Corporation Pusey and Jones Company Standard S. B. Company Staten Island S.B. Co Downey S. B. Company Johnson S. B. Company Federal Shipbuildiap: Co. Foundation Company STREET RWY.CO. SUPPLYING SERVICE LOCATION NO. OF CAR CREWS SUTPLIED BY SHIP. YARD 13 13 4 3 3 2 11 4 Public Service Rwy.Co. Camdan, N.J. ft It Gloucester, N.J. " Richmond Lt. & Staten Island If V. ft VS 11 11 It Pub lie Service Hwy. Co. Kearney, N. Sr. ft N Vt ft 11 11 b ShiDvards which r to allMlY_Qrsws for Lewisville, Augusta & Waterville Street Rwy. Texas Steamship Compaay The Kelly Spear Company Bath Iron Works Bethlehem S. B. Corp.,Ltd. Lord Const. Company Bethlehem Steel Company The Sun S. B. Company Chester S. B. Company Balt°. D.D. & S. B. Co. Henry Smith t Son, Inc. Bethlehem S. B. Corp.,Ltd. Laryland S. B. Compamy Bethlehem Steel Company Newport News S. B. Company Ilerrill-Stevens S.B. Co. -illyer-Sperrinp-Dunn J. 1:-. Murdock l:orey & Thomas Terry Shipbuilding Co. Moore S. B. Company lethlahom S. B. Corp.„Ltd. 7%sifie Coast S. B. Co. Atithweet Steel Company Columbia River S. Bs CO, Coast S. B. Company https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis ft Pore River, Providence, R.I. State St. Rwy. Co. Rhone Is. Co. 'Islam Point Mostar, Pa. Sou. Penna. Traction Co. Baltimore, Yd. United Rwys. & Eleo.00. Sparrons Pt. n n n n Md. V. n M n ft n If n M n n 11 n ft ft 11 Newport Lews, Va. Newport New; 6,- Hampton Hwy. Gas and Eledtric Company. Jacksonville, Fla.Jacksonville Traction Co. 11 It 11 If 11 11 VS ft Savannah, Ga. Oakland, Cal. Alameda, Cal. Bay Point, Cal. Portland, Ore. ft ft ft 18 The Savannah Eleotric Co. $ea ftemaisso Oakland Terminal Rwys. & Sea. Pao, Co. San Francisco Oakland 2erminal Trya. & Sou. Pao. Co. Oakland Antioeh & Eastern Hwy. Portland Hwy. Lt. & Power Co. ft n n VP n ft ft ft LOCATION , STREET RTY. CO. 07PLYING SERVICE Aniati-14. 11212.1PAY-A-210121 APSA_tajamalLarjEauart oars: (cont'd) Grant Smith Porter S.B. Co. Tortland, Oregon ft It Peninsula S. B. Co. ,, Willamette Iron & Steel Wiks t/ tt The Foundation Company Puget Sound Bride 7,Tredge Co,Seattle„ Waeh, tt ,, Erickson Engineering Co. J. F. Duthie S. B. Co. ,, ,, AMOB S. B. Corporation And. other yards indirectly affcsted. Tacoma, 'Yeah. Todd D.D. & Const. Co. Portland R7y. 11. & Pwr.Co. It It ,t tI It Parfet Sound Rwy. Lt. & Power Co. It ,t It tt t• 9/ It It tt It ti Yunicipal Lines & Tacoma Rwy. & Pwr. Co. And other shipyards indirectly affected. NOTE: ea shipyards there are nureroum other shipyards se are having difficultr in securing platform immedi etely menaces transpartition for In addition to the where transportatio labor but not to an shipyard worker. OBOILLW https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis • tI