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https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis [13L.illic--No. 41 65Tn CONGRESS.] [H. R. 4961.) further for the national security and defenseprovide To Act An ing the supply, and controlling the distribu conserv ion, product by encouraging the fuel. and s tion of food product entatives of the United Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Represby reason of the existThat led, assemb ss Congre in ca Ameri States of al security and nation the to al essenti ence of a state of war, it is for the supand war, the of ution prosec sful succes the for defense, an adequate assure to Navy, and Army port and maintenance of the the ate movement, facilit to and , bution distri ble equita supply and fertilizer and gas, l natura and oil fuel of foods, feeds, fuel including ery, and machin ents, s, implem utensil tools, ients, ingred zer and fertili and feeds, of foods, tion produc actual equipment required for the or locally t, to preven aries; necess called Act this in. ter fuel, hereaf ation, ous specul ng, injuri hoardi on, generally, scarcity, monopolizati manipulations, and private controls, affecting such supply, distribution, and movement; and to establish and maintain governmental purposes the control of such necessaries during the war. For suchduties , obligainstrumentalities, means, methods, powers, authorities, d, estabare create forth set after herein itions prohib tions, and authorized to lished, conferred, and prescribed. The President is al make such regulations and to issue such orders as are essenti effectively to carry out the provisions of this Act. SEC. 2. That in carrying out the purposes of this Act the President agreeis authorized to enter into any voluntary arrangements orthe serto accept es, or agenci y agenc any use ments, to create and any with ate , to cooper sation t compen withou person any of vices Govagency or person, to utilize any department or agency of the any preto as avoid so ies activit their nate to coordi and ernment, ventable loss or duplication of effort or funds. SEC. 3. That no person acting either as a voluntary or paid agent ador employee of the United States in any capacity, including an person any to pt induce attem or , induce , solicit shall ty, visory capaci or officer authorized to execute or to direct the execution of contracts on behalf of the United States to make any contract or give any order for.the furnishing to the United States of work, labor, or services, or of materials, supplies, or other property of any kindt or character, if such agent or employee has any pecuniai'y interes in r, such contract or order, or if he or any firm of which he is a membean is he which of ation or associ ny, compa stock jointation, or corpor is officer or stockholder, or in the pecuniary profits of which he shall Nor o. theret a party be shall sted, intere ctly indire or y directl other any agent or employee make, or permit any committee org, any makin in ipate partic or make, to r a is membe he which body of l, counci any to order or recommendation concerning such contract subor r membe any or , States United the of board, or commission and ordinate thereof, without making to the best of his knowledge board, l, counci such to g writin in sure te belief a full and comple disclo https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis ( 41 3 2 ( [Pun. 41.) commission, or subordinate of any and every 'pecuniary interest which he may have in such contract or order and of his interest in any firm corporation, company, or association being a party thereto. Nor shall he participate in the awarding of such contract or giving such order. Any willful violation of any of the provisions of this section shall be punishable by a fine of not more than $10,000, or by imprisonment of not more than five years, or both: Provided, That the provisions of this section shall not change, alter or repeal section forty-one of chapter three hundred and twenty-one, Thirty-fifth Statutes at Large. SEC. 4. That it is hereby made unlawful for any person willfully to destroy any necessaries for the purpose of enhancing the price or restricting the supply thereof; knowingly to commit waste or willfully to permit preventable deterioration of any necessaries in or in connection with their production, manufacture, or distribution; to hoard, as defined in section six of this Act, any necessaries; to monopolize or attempt to monopolize, either locally or generally, any necessaries; to engage in any discriminatory and unfair, or any deceptive or wasteful practice or device, or to make any unjust or unreasonable rate or charge, in handling or dealing in or with any necessaries; to conspire, combine, agree, or arrange with any other person, (a) to limit the facilities for transporting, producing, harvesting, manufacturing, supplying, storing, or dealing in any necessaries; (b) to restrict the supply of any necessaries; (c) to restrict distribution of any necessaries; (d) to prevent, limit, or lessen the manufacture or production of any necessaries in order to enhance the price thereof, or (e) to exact excessive prices for any necessaries; or to aid or abet the doing of any act made unlawful by this section. SEC. 5. That? from time to time, whenever the President shall find it essential to hcense the importation, manufacture, storage, mining, or distribution of any necessaries, in order to carry into effect any of the purposes of this Act, and shall publicly so announce, no person shall, after a date fixed in the announcement, engage in or carry on any such business specified in the announcement of importation, manufacture, storage, mining, or distribution of any necessaries as set forth in such announcement, unless he shall secure and hold a license issued pursuant to this section. The President is authorized to issue such hcenses and to prescribe regulations for the issuance of licenses and requirements for systems of accounts and auditing of accounts to be kept bliensees, submission of reports by them, with or without oath or affirmation, and the entry and inspection by the President's duly authorized agents of the places of business of licensees. Whenever the President shall find that any storage charge, commission, profit1 or practice of any licensee is unjust, or unreasonable,or discriminatory and unfair,or wasteful, and shall order such licensee, within a reasonable time fixed in the order, to discontinue the same, unless such order, which shall recite the facts found, is revoked or suspended, such licensee shall, within the time prescribed in the order, discontinue such unjust, unreasonable, discriminatory and unfair storage charge, commission, profit, or practice. The President may, in lieu of any such unjust, unreasonable, discriminatory, and unfair storage charge, commission, profit, or practice, find what is a just, reasonable, nondiscriminatory and fair storage charge, commission, profit, or practice, and in any procoed- https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Puri. 41.: 3 ing. brought in any court such order of the President shall be prima facie evidence. Any person who, without a license issued pursuant to this section, or whose license shall have been revoked, knowingly engages hi or carries on any business for which a license is required under this section, or willfully fails or refuses to discontinue any unjust, unreasonable, discriminatory and unfair storage charge, commission, profit, or practice, in accordance with the requirement of an order issued under this section, or any regulation prescribed under this section, shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine not exceeding $5,000, or by imprisonment for not more than two years, or both: Provided, That this section shall not apply to any farmer, gardener, cooperative association of farmers or gardeners, including live-stock farmers, or other persons with respect to the products of any farm, garden, or other land owned, leased, or cultivated by him, nor to any retailer with respect to the retail business actually conducted by him, nor to any common carrier, nor shall anything in this section be construed to authorize the fixing or imposition of a duty or tax upon any article imported into or exported from the United States or any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia: Provided further, That for the purposes of this Act a retailer shall be deemed to be a person, copartnership, firm, corporation, or association not engaging in the wholesale business whose gross sales do not exceed $100,000 per aimum. SEC. 6. That any person who willfully hoards any necessaries shall upon conviction thereof be fined not exceeding $5,000 or be imprisoned for not more than two years, or both. Necessaries shall be deemed to be hoarded within the meaning of this Act when either (a) held, contracted for, or arranged for by any person in a quantity in excess of his reasonable requirements for use or consumption by himself and dependents for a reasonable time; (b) held, contracted for, or arranged for by any manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, or other dealer in a quantity in excess of the reasonable requirements of his business for use or sale by him for a reasonable time, or reasonably required to furnish necessaries produced in surplus quantities seasonally throughout the period of scant or no production; or (c) withheld, whether by possession or under any contract or arrangement, from the market by any person for the purpose of unreasonably increasing or diminishing the price: Provided, That this section shall not include or relate to transactions on any exchange, board of trade, or similar institution or place of business as described in section thirteen of this Act that may be permitted by the President under the authority conferred upon him by said section thirteen: Provided, however, That any accumulating or withholding by any farmer or gardener, cooperative association of farmers or gardeners, including Five-stock farmers, or any other person, of the products of any farm, garden, or other land owned, leased, or cultivated by him shall not be deemed to be hoarding within the meaning of this Act. SEC. 7. That whenever any necessaries shall be hoarded as defined in section six they shall be liable to he proceeded against in any district court of the United States within the district where the same are found and seized by a process of libel for condemnation, and if such necessaries shall be adjudged to be hoarded they shall be disposed of by sale in such manner as to provide the most equitable distribution thereof as the court may direct, and the proceeds https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis 4 !Pim. 41.: thereof, less the legal costs and charges, shall be paid to the party entitled thereto. The proceedings of such libel cases shall conform as near as may be to the proceeding's in admiralty, except that either party may demand trial by jury of any issue of fact joined in any such case, and all such proceedings shall be at the suit of and in the name of the United States. It shall be the duty of the United States attorney for the proper district to institute and prosecute any such action upon presentation to him of satisfactory evidence to sustain the same. SEC. 8. That any person who willfully destroys any necessaries for the purpose of enhancing the price or restricting the supply thereof shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined not exceeding $5,000 or imprisoned for not more than two years, or both. SEC. 9. That any person who conspires, combines, agrees, or arranges with any other person (a) to limit the facilities for transporting, producing, manufacturing, supplying, storing, or dealing in any necessaries; (b) to restrict the supply of any necessaries; (c) to restrict the distribution of any necessaries; (d) to prevent, limit, or lessen the manufacture or productiion of any necessaries in order to enhance the price thereof shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined not exceeding $10,000 or be imprisoned for not more than two years, or both. SEC. 10. That the President is authorized, from time to time, to requisition foods, feeds, fuels, and other supplies necessary to the support of the Army or the maintenance of the Navy, or any other public use connected with the common defense, and to requisition, or otherwise provide, storage facilities for such supplies; and he shall ascertain and pay a just compensation therefor. If the compensation so determined be not satisfactory to the person entitled to receive the same, such person shall be paid seventy-five per centum of the amount so determined by the President, and shall be entitled to sue the United States to recover such further sum as, added to said seventy-five per centum will make up such amount as will be just compensation for such necessaries or storage space, and jurisdiction is hereby conferred on the United States District Courts to hear and determine all such controversies: Provided, That nothing in this section, or in the section that follows, shall be construed to require any natural person to furnish to the Government any necessaries held by him and reasonably required for consumption or use by himself and dependents, nor shall any person, firm, corporation, or association be required to furnish to the Government any seed necessary for the seeding of land owned, leased, or cultivated by them. SEC. 11. That the President is authorized from time to time to purchase, to store, to provide storage facilities for, and to sell for cash at reasonable prices, wheat, flour, meal, beans, and potatoes: Provided, That if any minimum price shall have been theretofore fixed, pursuant to the provisions of section fourteen of this Act, then the price paid for any such articles so purchased shall not be less than such minimum price. Any moneys received by the United States from or in connection with the disposal by the United States of necbe essaries under this section may, in the discretion of the President,this of purposes the out carrying further for used as a revolving fund section. Any balance of such moneys not used as part of such https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Pull. 41.) 5 revolving fund shall be covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts. SEC. 12. That whenever the President shall find it necessary to secure an adequate supply of necessaries for the support of the Army or the maintenance of the Navy, or for any other public use connected with the common defense, he is authorized to requisition and take over, for use or operation by the Government, any factory, packing house, oil pipe line, mine, or other plant, or any part thereof, in or through which any necessaries are or may be manufactured, produced, prepared, or mined, and to operate the same. Whenever the President shall determine that the further use or operation by the Government of any such factory, mine, or plant, or part thereof, is not essential for the national security or defense, the same shall be restored to the person entitled to the possession thereof. The United States shall make just compensation, to be determined by the President, for the taking over, use, occupation, and operation by the Government of any such factory., mine, or plant, or part thereof. If the compensation so determined be unsatisfactory to the person entitled to receive the same, such person shall be paid seventy-five per con turn of the amount so determined by the President, and shall be entitled to sue the United States to recover such further sum as, added to said seventy-five per centum, will make up such amount as will be just compensation, in the manner provided by section twentyfour, paragraph twenty, and section one hundred and forty-five of the Judicial Code. The President is authorized to prescribe such regulations as he may deem essential for carrying out the purposes of this section, including the operation of any such factory,,mine. or plant, or part thereof, the purchase, sale, or other disposition of articles used, manufactured, produced, prepared, or mined therein, and the employment,control, and compensation of employees. Any moneys received by the United States from or in connection with the use or operation of any such factory, mine, or plant, or part thereof, may, in the discretion of the President, be used as a revolving fund for the purpose of the continued use or operation of any such factory, mine, or plant, or part thereof, and the accounts of each such factory, mine, plant, or part thereof, shall be kept separate and distinct. Any balance of such moneys not used as part of such revolving fund shall be paid into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts. SEC.13. That whenever the President finds it essentialin order to prevent undue enhancement, depression, or fluctuation of prices of, or in order to prevent injurious speculation in, or in order to prevent unjust market manipulation or unfair and misleading market quotations of the prices of necessaries, hereafter in this section called evil practices, he is authorized to prescribe such regulations governing, or may either wholly or partly prohibit, operations, practices, and transactions at, on, in, or under the rules of any exchange, board of trade, or similar institution or place of business as he may find essential in order to prevent, correct, or remove such evil practices.. .Such regulations may require all persons coming within their provisions to keep such records and statements of account, and may require such persons to make such returns, verified under oath or otherwise, as will fully and correctly disclose all transactions at, in, or on, or under the rules of any such exchange, board of trade, or similar institution or place of https://fraser.stlouisfed.org 1•0 Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis 6 Tim. 41. business, including the making, execution, settlement, and fulfillment thereof. He may also require all persons acting in the capacity of a clearing house, clearing association, or similar institution, for the purpose of clearing, settling, or adjusting transactions at, in, or on, or under the rules of any such exchange, board of trade, or similar institution or place of business, to keep such records and to make such returns as will fully and correctly- disclose all facts in their possession relating to such transactions, and he may appoint agents to conduct the investigations necessary to enforce the provisions of this section and all rules and regulations made by him in pursuance thereof, and may fix and pay the compensation of such agents. Any person who willfully violates any regulation made pursuant to this section, or who knowingly engages in any operation, practice, or transaction prohibited pursuant to this section, or who willfully aids or abets any such violation or any such prohibited operation, practice, or transaction, shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine not exceeding $10,000 or by imprisonment for not more than four years, or both. SEC. 14. That whenever the President shall find that an emergency exists requiring stimulation of the production of wheat and that it is essential that the producers of wheat, produced within the United States, shall have the benefits of the guaranty provided for in this section, he is authorized, from time to time, seasonably and as far in advance of seeding time as practicable, to determine and fix and to give public notice of what, under specified conditions, is a reasonable guaranteed price for wheat, in order to assure such producers a reasonable profit. The President shall thereupon fix such guaranteed price for each of the official grain standards for wheat as established under the United States grain standards Act, approved August eleventh, nineteen hundred and sixteen. The President shall from time to time establish and promulgate such regulations as he shall deem wise in connection with such guaranteed prices, and in particular governing conditions of delivery and payment, and differences in price for the several standard grades in the principal primary markets of the United States, adopting number one northern spring or its equivalent at the principal interior primary markets as the basis. Thereupon, the Government of the United States hereby guarantees every producer of wheat produced within the United States, that, upon compliance by him with the regulations prescribed, he shall receive for any wheat produced in reliance upon this guarantee within the period, not exceeding eighteen months, prescribed in the notice, a price not less than the guaranteed price therefor as fixed pursuant to this section. In such regulations the President shall prescribe the terms and conditions upon which any such producer shall be entitled to the benefits of such guaranty. The guaranteed prices for the several standard grades of wheat for the crop of nineteen hundred and eighteen, shall be based upon number one northern spring or its equivalent at not less than $2 per bushel at the principal interior primary markets. This guaranty shall not be dependent upon the action of the President under the first part of this section, but is hereby made absolute and shall be binding until May first, nineteen hundred and nineteen. When the President finds that the importation into the United States of any wheat produced outside of the United States materially enhances or it; likely materially to enhance the liabilities of the Linited https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis I PuB. 41). 7 States under guaranties of prices therefor made pursuant to this section, and ascertains what rate of duty, added to the then existing rate of.duty on wheat and to the value of wheat at the time of importation, would be sufficient to bring the price thereof at which imported up to the price fixed therefor pursuant to the foregoing provisions of this section, he shall proclaim such facts, and thereafter there shall be levied, collected, and paid upon wheat when imported in addition to the then existing rate of duty, the rate of duty so ascertained; but in no case shall any such rate of duty be fixed at an amount which will effect a reduction of the rate of duty upon wheat under any then existing tariff law of the United States. For the purpose of making any guaranteed price effective under this section, or whenever he deems it essential in order to protect the Government of the United States against material enhancement of its liabilities arising out of any guaranty under this section, the President is authorized also, in his discretion, to purchase any wheat for which a guaranteed price shall be fixed under this section, and to hold, transport, or store it, or to sell, dispose of, and deliver the same to any citizen of the United States or to any Government engaged in war with any country with which the Government of the United States is or may be at war or to use the same as supplies for any department or agency of the Government of the United States. Any moneys received by the United States from or in connection with the sale or disposal of wheat under this section may, in the discretion of the President, be used as a revolving fund for further carrying out the purposes of this section. Any balance of such moneys not used as part of such revolving fund shall he covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts. SEQ. 15. That from and after thirty days from the date of the approval of this Act no foods, fruits, food materials, or feeds shall be used in the production of distilled spirits for beverage purposes: Provided, That under such rules, regulations, and bonds as the President may prescribe, such materials may be used in the production of distilled spirits exclusively for other than beverage purposes, or for the fortification of pure sweet wines as defined by the Act entitled "An Act to increase the revenue, and for other purposes," approved September eighth, nineteen hundred and sixteen. Nor shall there be imported into the United States any distilled spirits. Whenever the President shall find that limitation, regulation, or prohibition of the use of foods, fruits, food materials, or feeds in the production of malt or vinous liquors for beverage purposes, or that reduction of the alcoholic content of any such malt or vinous liquor, is essential, in order to assure an adequate and continuous supply of food, or that the national security and defense will be subserved thereby, lit, is authorized, from time to time, to prescribe and give public notice of the extent of the limitation, regulation, prohibition, or reduction so necessitated. Whenever such notice shall have been given and shall remain unreyoked no person shall, after a reasonable time prescribed in such notice, use any foods, fruits, food materials, or feeds in the production of malt or vinous liquors, or import any such liquors except under license issued by. the President and in . mod by him governing compliance with rules and regulations tleterffi the production and importation of such liquors and the alcoholic content thereof. Any person who willfully violates the provisions https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis 8 t Pita. 41.1 of this section, or who shall use any foods, fruits, food materials, or feeds in the production of malt or vinous liquors, or who shall import any such liquors, without first obtaining a license so to do when a license is required under this section, or who shall violate any rule or regulation made under this section, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding $5,000, or by imprisonment for not more than two years, or both: Provided further, That nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize the licensing of the manufacture of vinous or malt liquors in any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, or any civil subdivision thereof, where the manufacture of such vinous or malt liquor is prohibited. SEC. 16. That the President is authorized and directed to commandeer any or all distilled spirits in bond or in stock at the date of the approval of this Act for redistillation, in so far as such redistillation may be necessary to meet the requirements of the Government in the manufacture of munitions and other military and hospital supplies, or in so far as such redistillation would dispense with the necessity of utilizing products and materials suitable for foods and feeds in the future manufacture of distilled spirits for the purposes herein enumerated. The President shall determine and pay a just compensation for the distilled spirits so commandeered; and if the compensation so determined be not satisfactory to the person entitled to receive the same, such person shall be paid seventy-five per centum of the amount so determined by the President and shall be entitled to sue the United States to recover such further sum as, added to said seventy-five per centum, will make up such amount as will be just compensation for such spirits, in the manner provided by section twenty-four, paragraph twenty, and section one hundred and fortyfive of the Judicial Code. SEC. 17. That every person who willfully assaults, resists, impedes, or interferes with any officer, employee, or agent of the United States; in the execution of any duty authorized to be performed by or pursuant to this Act shall upon conviction thereof be fined not exceeding $1,000 or be imprisoned for not more than one year, or both. SEC. 18. That the sum of $2,500,000 is hereby appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to be available until June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and eighteen, for the payment of such rent, the expense, including postage, of such printing and publications, the purchase of such material and equipment, and the employment of such persons and means, in the city of Washington and elsewhere, as the President may deem essential. SEC. 19. That for the purposes of this Act the sum of $150,000,000 is hereby appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to be available during the time this Act is in effect: Provided, That no part of this appropriation shall be expended for the purposes described in the preceding section: Provided .further, That itemized statements covering all purchases and disbursements under this and the preceding section shall be filed with the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the House of Representatives on or before the twenty-fifth day of each month after the taking effect of this Act, covering the business of the preceding month, and said statements shall he subject to public inspection. SEC. 20. That the employment of any person under the provisions of this Act shall not exempt any such person from military service https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis 1Pvil. 41.1 9 under the provisions of the selective draft law approved May eighteenth, nineteen hundred and seventeen. SEC. 21. The President shall cause a detaileu report to be made to the Congress on the first day of January each year of all proceedings had under this Act during the year preceding. Such report shall, hi addition to other matters, contain an account of all persons appointed or employed, the salary or compensation paid or allowed each, the aggregate amount of the different kinds of property purchased or requisitioned, the use and disposition made of such property, and a statement of all receipts, payments, and expenditures, together with a statement showing the general character, and estimated value of all property then on hand, and the aggregate amount and character of all claims against the United States growing out of this Act. SEC. 22. That if any clause, sentence, paragraph, or part of this Act shall for any reason be adjudged by any court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, such judgment shall not affect, impair, or invalidate the remainder thereof, but shall be confined in its operation to the clause, sentence, paragraph, or part thereof, directly involved in the controversy in which such judgment shall have been rendered. SEC. 23. That words used in this Act shall be construed to import the plural or th singular, as the case demands. The word "person," wherever used in this Act, shall include individuals, partnerships, associations, and corporations. When construing and enforcing the provisions of this Act, the act, omission, or failure of any official, agent, or other person acting for or employed by any partnership. association, or corporation within the scope of his employment or office shall, in every case, also be deemed the act, omission, or failure of such partnership, association, or corporation as well as that of the person. SEC. 24. That the provisions of this Act shah cease to be in effect when the existing state of war between the United States and Germany shall have terminated, and .the fact and date of such termination shall be ascertained and proclaimed by the President; but the termination of this Act shall not affect any act done,. or any right or obligation accruing or accrued, or any suit or proceeding had or commenced in any civil case before the said termination pursuant to this Act; but all rights and liabilities under this Act arising before its tet mination shall ctaitinue and may be enforced in the same manner as if the Act had not terminated. Any offense committed and all penalties, forfeitures, or liabilities incurred prior to such termination may be prosecuted or punished in the same manner and with the same effect as if this Act had not been terminated. SEC.'25. That the President of the United States shall be, and he is hereby, authorized and empowered, whenever and wherever in his judgment necessary for the .efficient prosecution of the war, to fix the price of coal and coke, wherever and whenever sold, either by producer or dealer, to establish rules for the regulation of and to regulate the method of production, sale, shipment, distribution, apportionment, or storage thereof among dealers and consumers, domestic or foreign: said authority and power may be exercised by him in each case through the agency of the Federal Trade Commission during the war or for such part of said time as in his judgment may be necessary. That if, in the opinion of the President, any such producer or dealer fails or neglects to conform to such prices or regulations, or https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis I - 10 [Pos. 41.] regulations and control to conduct his business efficiently under the in a manner prejudicial it cts condu of the President as aforesaid, or y authorized and hereb is dent Presi the then st, intere to the public over the plant, take and ition empowered in every such case to requis such .producer to ging belon of there ces tenan appur business, and all same to be the cause or te opera to or dealer as a going concern, and may direct he as y agenc such gh throu and er mann operated in such as in his time said of part such for during the period of the war or sary. neces be judgment may and appurteThat any producer or dealer whose plant, business, President the by over or d taken itione requis been nances shall have g the durin of use there the for on shall be paid a just compensati aforeas t over or aken d itione requis be may same period that the to be fixed said, which compensation the President shall fix or cause . ssion Commi Trade by the Federal g over or That if the prices so fixed, or if, in the case of the takin or dealer cer produ such of any ess busin or mines the requisitioning of of this sions provi the by the compensation therefor as determined ve recei to ed entitl ns or perso n perso the to Act be not satisfactory m of the centu per ve ty-fi paid be seven shall n perso such same, the United States amount so determined, and shall be entitled to sue the ve per centum, ty-fi to said seven added as, sum er furth such er to recov the manin on nsati just compe be will as nt will make up such amou section and y, raph twent parag r, y-fou twent on secti by ded ner provi Code. al Judici the of one hundred and forty-five s or busiWhile operating or causing.to be operated any such plant s as he ation regul such ibe prescr to ness, the President is authorized on nsati compe and ol, contr , yment emplo the for ial may deem essent same. the ct of the employees necessary to condu of the opinion Or if the President of the United States shall beon defense, and comm the that he can thereby better provide for the efficient prosewhenever,in his judgment,it shall be necessary forand empowered to rized cution of the war, then he is hereby autho in any special either coke, and coal of require any or all producers d States, to Unite area or in any special coal fields, or in the entire agency to an gh throu s State d Unite the sell their products only to the resale ate regul y to be designated by the President, such agencf, ish rules t,o establ and thereo prices of such coal and coke, and the ction, of produ ds metho the ate regul to and of for the regulation g amon of ge there stora or ent, tionm shipment, distribution, appor nt payme to make and n, foreig or tic domes mers, dealers and consu producers thereof, or to the of the purchase price thereof to the payment. said to ed entitl y person or persons legall the agency so designated from e notic after days n fiftee n withi That its, output is to be so or his, that coke and to any producer of coal described, such prore nbefo herei purchased by the United States as product upon his own account said of ents ducer shall cease shipm orders received and unfilled or and shall transmit to such agency allexten t to which shipments have exact the partially unfilled, showing ents shall be made only shipm all been made thereon, and thereafter President, and therethe by nated desig on authority of the agency cts except to the produ said of after no such producer shall sell any i agency alone , said the and y, agenc United States through such https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis [Pus.41. 1 11 hereby authorized and empowered to purchase during the continuance of the requirement the output of.such producers. That the prices to be paid for such products so purchased shall be based upon a fair and just profit over and above the cost of production, including proper maintenance and depletion charges, the reasonableness of such profits and cost of production to be determined by the Federal Trade Commission, and if the prices fixed by the said commission of any such product purchased by the United States as hereinbefore described be unsatisfactory to the person or persons entitled to the same, such persln or persons shall be paid seventy-five per centum of the amount so determined, and shall be entitled to sue the United States to recover such further sum as, added to said seventy-five per centum, will make up such amount as will be just compensation in the manner provided by section twenty-four, paragraPh twenty, and section one hundred and forty-five of the Judicial CodA... such products so sold to the United States shall be sold by the United States at such uniform prices, quality considered, as may be practicable and as may be determined by said agency to be just and fair. Any moneys received by the United States for the sale of any such coal and coke may, in the discretion of the President, be used as a revolving fund for further carrying out the purposes of this section. Any moneys not so used shall 130 covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts. That when directed by the President, the Federal Trade Commission is hereby required to proceed to make full inquiry, giving such notice as it may deem practicable, into the cost of producing_ under reasonably efficient management at the various places of production the following commodities, to wit, coal and coke. The books, correspondence, records and papers in any way referring to transactions of any kind relating' to the mining, production, sale, or distribution of all mine operators or other persons whose coal and coke have or may become subject to this section, and the books, correspondence, records, and papers of any person applying for the purchase of coal and coke from the United States shall at times be subject to inspection by the said agency, and such person or persons shall promptly furnish said agency any data or information relating to the business of such person or persons which said agency may call for, and said agency is hereby authorized to procure the infcirmation in reference to the business of such coal-mine operators and producers of coke and customers therefor in the manner provided. for in sections six and nine of the Act of Congress approved September twenty-sixth, nineteen hundred and fourteen, entitled "An Act to create a Federal Trade Commission, to define its powers and duties, and for other purposes," and said agency is hereby authorized and empowered to exercise all the powers granted to the Federal Trade Commission by said Act for the carrying out of the purposes of this section. Having completed its inquiry respecting any commodity in any locality, it shall, if the President has decided to fix the prices at which any such commodity shall be sold by producers and dealers generally, fix and publish maxi,inum prices for both producers of and dealers in any such commodity, which maximum prices shall be observed https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis v 12 MITB.41.1 by all producers and dealers until further action thereon i3 taken by the commission. In fixing maximum prices for producers the commission shall allow maintethe cost of production, including the expense of operation,just and nance, depreciation, and depletion, and shall add thereto a reasonable profit. In fixing such prices for dealers, the commission shall allow the. cost to the dealer and shall add thereto a just and reasonable sum for his profit in the transaction. The maximum prices so fixed and published shall not be construed good as invalidating any contract in which prices are fixed, made inprices um of maxim tion and publica shment, establi faith, prior to the by the commission. Whoever shall, with knowledge that the prices of any such commodity have been fixed as herein provided, ask, demand, or receive a higher price, or whoever shall, with knowledge that the regulations have been prescribed as herein provided, violate or refuse to conform to any of the same, shall, upon conviction, be punished by fine of not more than $5,000, or by imprisonment for not more than two years, or both. Each independent transaction shall constitute a separate offense. Nothing in this section shall be construed as restricting or modifying in any manner the right the Government of the United States may have in its own behalf or in behalf of any other Government at war with Germany to purchase, requisition, or take over any such commodities for the equipment, maintenance, or support of armed forces at any price or upon any terms that may be agreed upon or otherwise lawfully determined. SEC. 26. That any person carrying on or employed in commerce in the among the several States, or with foreign nations, or with or article any in States United the Territories or other possessions of suitable for human food, fuel, or other necessaries of life, who, either of a in his individual capacity or as an officer, agent, or employeeed in employ or on g carryin ship partner a of member corporation or make such trade, shall store, acquire, or hold, or who shall destroy orsupply away with any such article for the purpose of limiting the in such thereof to the public or affecting the market price thereof commerce, whether temporarily or otherwise, shall be deemed guilty by a fine of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished than two more not for onment impris by of not more than $5,000 or farmer, any by holding or storing any That d; Provide both: years, or gardner, or other person of the products of any farm, garden, or other land cultivated by him shall not be deemed to be a storing or holding and within the meaning of this Act: Provided further, That farmers a s of societie or es, exchang other and tive coopera fruit growers, similar character shall not be included within the provisions ofedthis to section: Provided further, That this section shall not be constru such any by article such any of ating accumul or holding the t prohibi of person in a quantity not in excess of the reasonable requirements rebly y reasona quantit a in or time ble reasona a for s his busines ies seasonquired to furnish said articles produced in surplus quantit g conNothin ion. product no or scant of period the out ally through entitled Act the repeal to ed constru tained in this section shall be https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis 13 "An Act to protect trade and commerce against unlawful restraints and monopolies," approved July second, eighteen hundred ..nd ninety, commonly known as the Sherman Antitrust Act. SEC. 27. That the President is authorized to procure, or aid in procuring, such stocks of nitrate of soda as he may determine to be necessary, and find available, for increasing agricultural production during the calendar years nineteen hundred and seventeen and eighteen, and to dispose of the same for cash at cost, including all expenses connected therewith. For carrying out the purposes of this section, there is hereby appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, available immediately and until expended, the sum of $10,000,000, or so much thereof as may be necessary, and the President is authorized to make such regulations, and to use such means and agencies of the Government, as, in his discretion, he may deem best. The proceeds arising from the disposition of the nitrate of soda shall go into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts. Approved, August 10, 1917. https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis C ;443 _ e ;\.%/1•A' H UNITED.5TATE5__FOOD ADMINISTRATION WASHINGTON, D. C. December 21, 1918. IN YOUR REPLY REFER TO 33-H/warn Miss Mary Van Kleeck, Director, Woman in Industry Service, U.S.Department of Labor, Washington, D. C. Dear Miss Van Kleeck:I have your letter of December 20th enclosing a copy of the standards governing the employment of' women in industry which I am glad to see you intend to urge upon employers as well as upon the Federal and State Governments in peace as well as in war. I have no list to fUrnish you of employers or others to whom copies should be sent. The Food Administration's lists of firms are hardly arranged in a way which would enable these lists to be furnished, since, as you know, we have no direct government contracts. It might be possible to have copies sent to the canning industries if you desire to take th3 =Ater up with Mr. John R. Munn, head of the Canning Division, Ats you know ran severing my connection wi th the Food Administration. Sincere2,y yours, U..FOOD ADMINI MAT'01; By ... 3 Representative on War Labor Policies Board. https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis T37 e. * 37rf; December 14, 1918. Haskell, Aixinistration, AIShington, D. 0. MI dear 'Lir. BeSisals a collectiol/ the Ilsan In lninstry Serwiee is mahinc ous indastrie.1 of phetessnifte showing Mien emeisei in vari anent bistorieal perm a ng preesissee, for the purpose Of fumi h women were mbic in oellOotion of the various types of vest easaged during the var. ograyits ot we should like very nosh to get some yliot at work them ing , show was" envloyed in theilarying industry wafer o in ed also interest in the various prosesees. • -3 are , dorroom h the various oolsoJ.nies, Itch as liuma vat dose such have you IX sitssiss, rest rooms, anti recreation work. should we e ure thes phstelplaphs, or win tell us 'Macre we eau proc or nt matit infar sfinalate it, aad LC you could give us some shep eammittooll le, tsea ulge the pfintSi data on the sdbjeet of , also that etc" me should like to have lste eollsetion of WO ithould also like to have a easo , ant olU %roework era1 4ult sohotosvaphs showbiz. AIwen in agri that direction. in us elve can eiate saw father as3istanco you Si-Amwely rears. ,103.02= V. VOula ID Industry Sorvioe. e U. S. FOOD ADMINISTRATION 3 Washington, D. C. for RELEASE DEC 19 191i • • I • • • . EDITORS: S • * • t • • • • • • • • This timely story is sent . . in exclusive text to farm journals . and is released upon receipt. • 1 WOMEN Aa CREAll TESTERS As a means of increasing the Nations supply of labor George E. Haskell, dairy specialist of the Food Admini stration staff, has suggested the more general employment of women as cream tester s. There are at least 10,000 cream receiving stations in the United States, according to Mr, Haskell, at which cream is pur* chased, sampled, tested and then shipped to churning centers for manufacture into butter. Women have to some extent assisted their husbands as cream station operators and in states requiring such operators to be licensed, a small percentage of women have success-. fully passed fhe technical tests and been grante licens d es, When cOnvenient platforms are arranged for loading and unloading cans Of cream —ith a minimum of lifting, the work is not physic ally difficult 4 "Women are well qualified for the painstaking rork of sampling and testing", declares Mr. Haskell, "and only a short traini ng is necessary to make them proficient. The substitution of women as cream station operators, especially in the smaller stations, seems in harmony rith the Nation's need, as it will release several thousand men for farming and war industries." https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis .r7r/ UNITED STATES FOOD ADMINISTRATION WASHINGTON, D. C. December 21, 1918 IN YOUR REPLY REFER TO 35-B13-1/WL, Helena V. Williams, U. S. Department in Labor, Woman in Industry Service, Washington, D. C. Dear Diadam: Your favor of Decemb-ir 13th, addrJesei to Mr. requesting photJgraphs of woman in agriHaskell, E. Geo, been rJferrad to this Division for has work cultural attantijn. We are enclosing narewitn 5 photographs takan in France and England, which we trust will be of value to ysa. Unforcunately we have no information specifically relating to woman in the dairy intastry. It is po,isible that the U. S. Department of Agricultura may be able to assist you in this matter and we suggast that you address them. Very truly yours, MTTT.73 STATES FOOD ADMIN'ISTRATIV By icu1tifri Enclosures: 5 photographs. ati V Loce,Jber 1918. 2r. Gees E. Coffin, Jr., ;:is FOOd Athniniutration, ashingtou, D. 0.0 deer 71r. Coffin: Thu vorly interesti and ,ngland. you for OM* letter of Decenber 21st enc1osin6 five oultura1 workers of =MCC rahs of wor4on The ';oman in Industry Service desires to use these Ifnotervphs from time to time in exhibits showinc the various processes well ts the conditions in which vow were engaged durini. the wnr under mbich they worked; and to illustrte !asolzine and newspaper articles on this subject. The names of firns will not be LlentiOned in any case. If we do not hear from you l'Iurthor, we udll ussuae Wet -7,1 may use the pioturee sent to us for Lhis purpos. you ricultnre I am also oommunioatInc with the ).)axt,lont of Vac enLAE:edi dairyin industry, as worne? rd1ne :botocru:ohs of InAC '3Sted., Yours mincorokr, lelena IC Alliama, aan in Inauetry Jervioe. liVW sin) https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis NOT TRANSFERABLE No. G UNITED STATES OF AMERICA OFFICE OF UNITED STATES FOOD ADMINISTRATOR LICENSE LICENSE IS HEREBY GRANTED TO of in accordance with the proclamations of the to engage in and carry on business in foods and feeds such business, under an Act of Congress President and the regulations prescribed by him, relating to and defense by encouraging the producsecurity national the for further entitled "An Act to provide products and fuel," approved August food of on distributi ng the tion, conserving the supply, and controlli 10, 1917, or any amendments thereof. or for a limited or unlimited This license is subject at any time to revocation, in whole or in part, the licensee, of any of the of or employee period, for violation by the. licensee, or by any officer, agent ns now or hereafter in force. provisions of said Act or any amendment thereof, or of said regulatio Food Administrator, or his The licensee is required, whenever called upon by the United States g his business in such detail as representative, to furnish information and to make reports concernin shall as facilitate the verification of inforbusiness his of records such shall be prescribed, and shall keep and accounts of the licensee are at records books, property, all mation contained in said reports; and or his duly accredited agent ator Food Administr States United all times subject to the inspection of the or representative. States This license is based upon the statements in licensee's application, on file with the United new name, or corporate Food Administration, Washington, D. C. All changes, such as change in firm ly. place of business, or changes in or additions to activities, must be reported immediate Dated Form Bb-0540 https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis United States Food Administrator Form Bb-603. UNITED STATES FOOD ADMINISTRATION (Leave blank.) WASHINGTON, D. C. LICENSE DIVISION (Leave blank.) 1102 ta Date Place all your present Food Administration license numbers with their serial letters here: APPLICATION FOR LICENSE EXCEPT FOR BAKERS AND FISHERMEN 1E6— FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS EXACTLY Please use typewriter 1. Name under which business is conducted 2. (State whether applicant is an individual, corporation, partnership, or association. If a corporation, state under what laws organized.) 3. Address (Number and street.) (City or town.) (County.) (State.) 4. Name of owner if applicant is an individual 5. Gross sales for calendar year 1917, approximately $ Hereby applies for license as manufacturer or distributor (or both)of foods and feeds as indicated on the following pages. NOTE.--Distributors should check on page 2,manufacturers on pages 3 and 4. If you are both manufacturer and distributor check under both classifications. Do not check as distributor if you sell only goods of your own manufacture. https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis (BE SURE TO SIGN YOUR APPLICATION ON PAGE 6) 2 DISTRIBUTORS. .as many groups as necessary to cover ALL your business Includes importers, exporters, and all domestic distributors. CheckIf you are simply selling goods of your own manufacture. as a DISTRIBUTOR of food or feed commodities. Do not check HERE of the commodities in this group, check here CROUP I. GENERAL FOOD COMMODITIES.—If you deal in ANY Canned salmon. Powdered milk. Hominy. Wheat flour. Canned sardines. Canned beef. Cornstarch. flour. Rye Dried prunes. Canned pork. Corn syrup. Corn flour. Dried peaches. Canned mutton. Glucose. Barley flour. Dried apples. Canned peas. Cerealene flakes. Rice flour. Dried raisins. Canned dried beans. Cleaned rice. Mixed flour. Sugar. Canned tomatoes. Dried beans. Oatmeal. Syrups. Canned corn. Dried peas. Rolled oats. Canned hominy. Molasses. Condensed milk. Corn meal. Evaporated milk. Corn grits. you deal in fresh fruits or vegetables, check here GROUP II. FRESH FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.—If in car lotsfrom pointsof production, of GROUP III. CAR-LOT SHIPPERS OF POTATOES.—If you are a shipper potatoes check here. LI in which you deal: GROUP IV. DAIRY PRODUCTS.—Check each of the following commodities Fluid milk Cheese _ Butter LII in which you deal: GROUP V. POULTRY AND EGGS.—Check each of the following commodities Eggs _ Poultry Li or oils, check here__ GROUP VI. FATS AND OILS.—If you deal in vegetable or animal fats Li H eck each of the following commodities which GROUP VII. COTTON SEED, PEANUTS, PALM KERNELS, COPRA.—Ch you store or in which you deal: Palm kernels.. Cotton seed r I Copra Farmers' stock peanuts If you are a (realer or elevator operator, or both, GROUP VIII. GRAINS(WHEAT, RYE, CORN, OATS, BARLEY.)— check accordingly. NOTE.—If you deal in grain as a feed dealer only do not check here but in Group IX. Grain dealer LII Elevator or warehouse operator.. feeding stuffs, check here GROUP IX. FEEDS AND FEEDING STUFFS.—If you store or deal in feeds or r7 for the handling of beans, check here. GROUP X. BEANS (Elevator Operators).—If you operate an elevator or warehouse ROUP XI. FRESH AND FROZEN FISH.—If you deal in fresh or frozen fish, check here GROUP XII. MEATS.—If you deal in fresh or cured beef, pork, or mutton, check here H GROUP XIII. ROUGH RICE.—If you store or deal in rough rice, check here check here GROUP X IV. GREEN COFFEE.—If you are an importer, jobber, broker, or roaster of green coffee, GROUP XV. MALT.—If you store malt or are a dealer in malt, check here_ , check here GROUP XVI. SEEDS.—If you are dealing as a seedsman in any of the licensed food commodities GROUP XVII. COLD-STORAGE WAREHOUSEMEN. Public ei-704 https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Private Combined public and private 3 MANUFACTURERS. (INCLUDING MILLERS, MIXERS, AND PACKERS.) NOTE.—Check as many squares as necessary to cover ALL your business as a MANUFACTURER Of food or feed commodities. GROUP I. MILLERS OF FLOUR AND OTHER FOOD PRODUCTS. Do you conduct an independent jobbing department for the marketing of any part of your product? Wheat flour miller LI Rye flour miller Ti Barley miller _ (Answer "Yes" or "No.") Rice flour miller Cornmeal (food) miller Corn flour miller Grits and hominy(food) miller[ Oatmeal, rolled oats, or oat flour miller. Rice miller.. GROUP II. FEED MILLERS AND MANUFACTURERS OF FEEDS AND FEEDING STUFFS. NOTE.—If you manufacture feed only as a by-product of the milling of food products, DO NOT CHECK IN THIS GROUP. Manufacturer or mixer of commercial feeds_ Feed grinder or miller _ GROUP III. MANUFACTURERS OF WHEAT OR RYE BREAKFAST CEREALS; ALIMENTARY PASTES. Wheat or rye breakfast cereal manufacturer Alimentary paste manufacturer GROUP IV. SELF-RISING OR PANCAKE FLOUR MANUFACTURER GROUP V. CANNERS. [ Dried-bean canner Salmon canner Pea canner Hominy canner Tuna canner _ *Tomato canner Sardine canner Corn canner EJ *Includes tomato pulp, paste, and puree. GROUP VI. MANUFACTURERS OF TOMATO PRODUCTS. Manufacturer Li of tomato catsup Manufacturer of other tomato products GROUP VII. MILK MANUFACTURERS. Evaporated milk _ Condensed milk Powdered milk GROUP VIII. DRIED-FRUIT PACKERS. Dried prunes Dried peaches___ Dried apples Dried raisins GROUP IX. PACKER OF CURED SALMON -- GROUP X. FRESH-FRUIT PACKER GROUP XI. PACKER OF FRESH, CANNED,OR CURED BEEF, PORK,OR MUTTON—LARD MANUFACTURERS GROUP XII. MANUFACTURERS OF SUGAR, SYRUPS, MOLASSES. Cane-sugar manufacturer Cane-sugar refiner.. C1-764 https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis I Beet-sugar manufacturer Molasses manufacturer [ r Syrup manufacturer Syrup mixer _ L 4 MANUFACTURERS—Continued GROUP XIII. MANUFACTURER OF CORNSTARCH, CORN OIL, OR GLUCOSE GROUP XIV. CRUSHER OF OLEAGINOUS MATERIALS __________________________________________________________________________________ j GROUP XV. MANUFACTURERS OF COOKING FATS AND OLEOMARGARINE—REFINERS OF VEGETABLE AND ANIMAL FATS AND OILS. Manufacturer of lard substitutes or cooking fats ____ LII Refiner of vegetable or animal fats and oils Manufacturer of oleomargarine or other butter substitutes. GROUP XVI. COTTON GINNER GROUP XVII. BUTTER AND CHEESE MANUFACTURERS. Butter manufacturer L Cheese manufacturer GROUP XVIII. MALTSTER GROUP XIX. NEAR-BEER MANUFACTURER LI GROUP XX. PEANUT SHELLER OR CLEANER Li GROUP XXI. FROZEN, DRIED, AND DESICCATED EGGS. Freezer of Eggs 1 GROUP XXII. CEREALENE FLAKES MANUFACTURER e 1-764 https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis I Manufacturer of dried or desiccated eggs 5 After checking your activities on pages 2-4, please describe here your business in your own language as completely as possible. - In the spaces provided below give the following information: (1) If a corporation, give names and addresses of corporate officers and their official titles. (2) If a partnership, give names and addresses of the members of the partnership. (3) If an association, give names and addresses of officers or managing agents. If the business is conducted by an individual only, these spaces need not be filled in. https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Name__________________ Address Name Address Name__________________________________________________________________________ Address _________ 6 On this page describe separately (use a separate section each time) all the places where you carry on business. If the spaces provided for the listing of your places of business are insufficient, give the additional information on plain white paper, sign and return attached to this application. A. 1. Location (County.) (Town.) (Number and street.) 2. Describe plant ("Office," "Mill," "Elevator," "('old-storage Warehouse," etc.) years, 3. Length of time in business at this point months 5. Rated capacity (bbls. per 24 hours) 4. Storage capacity (bushels) (Applies only to flour and meal wills.) (Applies only to grain elevators or warehouses.) B. I. Location (Town.) (Number and street.) 2. Describe plant _ (County.) (State.) ("Office," "Mill," "Elevator," "Cold-storage Warehouse," etc.) months. years, 3. Length of time in business at this point 5. Rated capacity (bbls. per 24 hours) 4. Storage capacity (bushels) (Applies only to flour and meal mills.) (Applies only to grain elevators or warehouses.) C. 1. Location (County.) (Town.) (Number and street.) 2. Describe plant (State.) ("Office," "Mill," "Elevator,""Cold-storage Warehouse," etc.) months. years, 3. Length of time in business at this point 5. Rated capacity (bbls. per 24 hours) 4. Storage capacity (bushels) (Applies only to flour and meal mills.) (Applies only to grain elevators or warehouses.) The statements and representations regarding the business of the applicant, as set forth in this application, are, to the best knowledge and belief of the applicant, true and correct. (Do not use typewriter for signature) https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Sign here By Look over your application carefully before you return it BE SURE IT IS COMPLETE 7 PERSONS, FIRMS, CORPORATIONS, AND ASSOCIATIONS SUBJECT TO LICENSE. July 27, 1918. The President has from time to time issued proclamations requiring different classes of food manufacturers and handlers to take out licenses. A copy of the proclamation referring to any particular business will be furnished on request. Operation without a license or after a license is revoked subjects the offender to a fine not exceeding $5,000, or to imprisonment not exceeding two years, or both. All persons, firms, corporations and associations are subject to license who are— (1) Engaged in the business of operating cold-storage warehouses (a cold-storage warehouse being defined as any place artificially or mechanically cooled to or below a temperature of 45° above zero Fahrenheit in which food commodities are placed and held for 30 days or more). NOTE.—A person renting a room or rooms in a cold-storage warehouse is subject to license as a cold-storage warehouseman if the lessor has no control over the goods stored therein. Staple Commodities —Importers, Manufacturers, Distributors. (2) Engaged in the business of importing, manufacturing (including milling, mixing, or packing), or distributing: Wheat. Rye. Barley. Rice (including brewer's rice and rice screenings). Corn (including snap corn; excluding pop corn). Oats. Wheat flour (including graham flour, whole wheat flour, gluten flour). Rye flour. Corn flour. Barley flour. Rice flour. Mixed flours that consist chiefly of one or more licensed flours, namely, wheat, rye, barley, corn, or rice flour. Oatmeal, rolled oats, and oat flour. Corn grits, corn meal, and corealene flakes. Hominy (including canned hominy). Starch from corn, corn syrup or glucose, corn oil, corn sugar, grape sugar. Dried beans (including dried lima beans, soya beans, pinto beans, velvet beans; excluding castor beans). Pea seed or dried peas. Cotton seed. Cottonseed oil, cottonseed cake, cottonseed meal, cottonseed hulls. Peanut oil, peanuts, peanut meal. (For the present manufacturers and distributors of salted peanuts, roasted peanuts, or blanched peanuts, and manufacturers and distributors of confectionery containing peanuts, will not be required to obtain licenses.) Oleomargarine, lard, lard substitutes, oleo oil, or cooking fats (including butterine, cocoanut oil butter, nut oil for cooking, edible tallow). Milk, butter, or cheese (including buttermilk, whey butter and cottage cheese). Condensed,evaporated,or powdered milk(excluding malted milk). Frech, canned, or cured beef, pork, or mutton (including veal, lamb, ham, canned corn beef, chipped beef, dried beef, sliced bacon, whether in containers or not; excluding the distribution of beef juice, bologna, canned chili meat, corn beef hash, deviled ham, lunCheon tongue, min& meat, potted meats, sausage, scrapple, tripe, veal loaf). Poultry or eggs, fresh or frozen (including dried egg albumen or dried yolk, and canned eggs). Fresh or frozen fish. Fresh fruits or vegetables (including Irish or sweet potatoes, lemons, oranges, berries). Canned peas. Canned dried beans (including canned pork and beans and chili con came with beans). Canned tomatoes (including tomato paste, pulp, or puree). Canned corn (including canned hulled corn and canned hominy). Canned salmon or sardines (domestic or foreign). Dried prunes, apples, peaches. Dried raisins (excluding dried black grapes and currants). Soya bean oil, soya bean meal, palm oil, palm kernels, palm kernel oil, copra, and copra oil. Sugar, syrups, or molasses (including raw, refined, clarified, plantation washed, and open-kettle sugar: sugar of milk; sorghum syrup; and excluding beverage or medicinal syrups and rock candy syrup). Malt. Staple Commodities —Storing. (3) Engaged in the business of storing: Wheat. Rye. Corn. Oats. Barley. Beans. Rice. Cotton seed. Cottonseed cake. Cottonseed meal. Cottonseed hulls. Peanut meal. Malt. (Brewers of malt liquor who do not malt their own grain do not require a license for storing malt.) commodities mentioned in section (2) or section (3) on an exchange or hoard of trade or similar institution as defined NOTE.—Those dealing in any of the by section 13 of the act of Aug. 10, 1917, are not subject to license to the extent of their dealings on such exchange or 1 oard of trade. https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis 8 Feeds. (4) Engaged in the business of— (a) Importing, storing, distributing, or manufacturing (including mixing and processing of all kinds) any commercial mixed feeds (including dairy feeds, horse, and mule feeds, stock feeds, hog feeds, and poultry feeds). (b) Manufacturing feeds from any of the fallowing commodities or importing, storing, or distributing any of the following commodities asfeeds orfeed ingredients: Peas. Millet. Buckwheat. Milo. Spelt. Kaffir. Lentils. Cane seed. Feterita. Tankage. Baled hay. Malt sprouts. Sunflower seed. Linseed-oil cake. Broom corn. Dried distillers' grains. Linseed-oil meal. Baled straw. Dried brewers' grains. Cottonseed cake. Grain and seed screenings. Dried yeast grains. Cottonseed meal. Animal or fish products or byBaled alfalfa. Cottonseed hulls. products. Beans. Emmen (c) Importing, manufacturing, storing, or distributing as feed any product or by-product of any of the following commodities: Copra. Sorghum grains. Shelled corn. Palm nut. Rice. Ear corn. Palm kernel. Grain and seed screenings. Barley. Sugar beets. Soya beans. Oats. Alfalfa. Velvet beans. Wheat. Straw. Hay. Rye. Peas. Sugar cane. Peanuts. Buckwheat. Salt-water Fishermen. (5) Engaged as salt-water fishermen, whether fishing independently or on shares, at any period of the year in the commercial distribution, including catching and selling, of any and all varieties of salt-water fish, including menhaden, and of shellfish and crustaceans. NOTE.—A license is required to catch crawfish, crabs, scallops, clams, mussels, oyst3rs, shrimps, and lobsters, but is not required to catch turtles, terrapin or whales. Salmon fishermen are required to operate under license. Bakers. (6) Engaged in the manufacture for sale of cake, crackers, biscuits, pastry or bread in any form, or other bakery products, whose consumption of flour, meals, and substitutes in the aggregate is 3 barrels or more per month on an average throughout the year. Miscellaneous Food Commodities—Manufacturers. (including packing): manufacturing of (7) Engaged in the business Near beer. Alimentary paste. Mild-cured, hard-cured, salted, dried, smoked, Breakfast cereals and other products derived pickled or otherwise preserved salmon. from wheat or rye, Canned tuna. Tomato soup, tomato catsup, or other tomato products. Green Coffee—Importers and Distributors. or distributing green coffee. importing of business the in (8) Engaged following classes were subjected to license: Persons,etc., importing green coffee, whether or not they roast it before disposing of it. Wholesalers, jobbers, roasters, and all others who buy or otherwise deal in green coffee, whether or not they roast it before disposing of it. Retailers who buy or otherwise deal in green coffee, Whether or not they roast it before disposing of it, whose total gross sales of all food or feed commodities 3xceed $100,000 a year. Brokers. sales of food or feed commodities In other words, all persons, firms, corporations and associations who import, and all others (except retailers whose gross Jo not exceed $100,000 a year), who buy or otherwise deal in or handle green coffee, are required to obtain a license. NOTE.—The Special Exceptions. The following persons, firms, corporations, and associations are excepted from having licenses: (a) Those doing a strictly retail business whose gross annual sales of all food commodities do not exceed $100,000 are not subject to license on their retail activities. to make N OTE.—A retailer (i. e., a person whose business is selling food commodities to individual consumers) is not required to obtain a license in order feed commo'ales to hotels, restaurants, boarding house,hospitals,schools, and other large consumers of similar character, unless his total gross sales of food and year. a $100.000 exceed etc., restaurants, hotels, Sties to both indil idual consumers auu (b) Common carriers as to the operations necessary to the business of common carriers. (c) Farmers, gardeners, co-operative associations of farmers or gardeners, including live-stock farmers, and other persons, with •espect to the products of any farm, garden, or other land owned, leased, or cultivated by them. (d) Canners of peas, dried beans, corn, tomatoes, salmon, or sardines whose grass production does not exceed 500 cases per tnnum, and all home canners and bona fide boys' and girls' canning clubs recognized by the Departments of Agriculture of the 3everal States in the United States. (e) Manufacturers of maple syrup, maple sugar, or maple compounds. (f) Ginners, buyers, ag'ents, dealers, or other handlers of cotton seed who do not handle more than 20 tons of cotton seed between eptember 1 and August 31 in any given year. determining whether such person is subject to license by NOTE.—Cotton and that a person receives as rent or otherwise from a tenant must be included in reason of his dealintz in or handling more than 20 tons of cotton seed a year. (g) Persons slaughtering, packing, and distributing fresh, canned or cured beef, pork or mutton, whose gross sales of such ,!oramodities do not exceed $100,000 per annum. https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Ilk-1( W https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis