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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

[13L.illic--No. 41

65Tn CONGRESS.]

[H. R. 4961.)
further for the national security and defenseprovide
To
Act
An
ing the supply, and controlling the distribu
conserv
ion,
product
by encouraging the
fuel.
and
s
tion of food product

entatives of the United
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Represby
reason of the existThat
led,
assemb
ss
Congre
in
ca
Ameri
States of
al security and
nation
the
to
al
essenti
ence of a state of war, it is
for the supand
war,
the
of
ution
prosec
sful
succes
the
for
defense,
an adequate
assure
to
Navy,
and
Army
port and maintenance of the
the
ate
movement,
facilit
to
and
,
bution
distri
ble
equita
supply and
fertilizer
and
gas,
l
natura
and
oil
fuel
of foods, feeds, fuel including
ery, and
machin
ents,
s,
implem
utensil
tools,
ients,
ingred
zer
and fertili
and
feeds,
of
foods,
tion
produc
actual
equipment required for the
or
locally
t,
to
preven
aries;
necess
called
Act
this
in.
ter
fuel, hereaf
ation,
ous
specul
ng,
injuri
hoardi
on,
generally, scarcity, monopolizati
manipulations, and private controls, affecting such supply, distribution, and movement; and to establish and maintain governmental
purposes the
control of such necessaries during the war. For suchduties
, obligainstrumentalities, means, methods, powers, authorities,
d,
estabare
create
forth
set
after
herein
itions
prohib
tions, and
authorized to
lished, conferred, and prescribed. The President is
al
make such regulations and to issue such orders as are essenti
effectively to carry out the provisions of this Act.
SEC. 2. That in carrying out the purposes of this Act the President
agreeis authorized to enter into any voluntary arrangements orthe
serto
accept
es,
or
agenci
y
agenc
any
use
ments, to create and
any
with
ate
,
to
cooper
sation
t
compen
withou
person
any
of
vices
Govagency or person, to utilize any department or agency of the
any
preto
as
avoid
so
ies
activit
their
nate
to
coordi
and
ernment,
ventable loss or duplication of effort or funds.
SEC. 3. That no person acting either as a voluntary or paid agent
ador employee of the United States in any capacity, including an
person
any
to
pt
induce
attem
or
,
induce
,
solicit
shall
ty,
visory capaci
or officer authorized to execute or to direct the execution of contracts on behalf of the United States to make any contract or give
any order for.the furnishing to the United States of work, labor, or
services, or of materials, supplies, or other property of any kindt or
character, if such agent or employee has any pecuniai'y interes in
r,
such contract or order, or if he or any firm of which he is a membean
is
he
which
of
ation
or
associ
ny,
compa
stock
jointation,
or corpor
is
officer or stockholder, or in the pecuniary profits of which he
shall
Nor
o.
theret
a
party
be
shall
sted,
intere
ctly
indire
or
y
directl
other
any agent or employee make, or permit any committee org,
any
makin
in
ipate
partic
or
make,
to
r
a
is
membe
he
which
body of
l,
counci
any
to
order
or
recommendation concerning such contract
subor
r
membe
any
or
,
States
United
the
of
board, or commission
and
ordinate thereof, without making to the best of his knowledge
board,
l,
counci
such
to
g
writin
in
sure
te
belief a full and comple disclo


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

(
41
3

2

(

[Pun. 41.)

commission, or subordinate of any and every 'pecuniary interest
which he may have in such contract or order and of his interest in
any firm corporation, company, or association being a party thereto.
Nor shall he participate in the awarding of such contract or giving
such order. Any willful violation of any of the provisions of this
section shall be punishable by a fine of not more than $10,000, or by
imprisonment of not more than five years, or both: Provided, That
the provisions of this section shall not change, alter or repeal section
forty-one of chapter three hundred and twenty-one, Thirty-fifth
Statutes at Large.
SEC. 4. That it is hereby made unlawful for any person willfully to
destroy any necessaries for the purpose of enhancing the price or
restricting the supply thereof; knowingly to commit waste or willfully
to permit preventable deterioration of any necessaries in or in connection with their production, manufacture, or distribution; to hoard,
as defined in section six of this Act, any necessaries; to monopolize
or attempt to monopolize, either locally or generally, any necessaries;
to engage in any discriminatory and unfair, or any deceptive or
wasteful practice or device, or to make any unjust or unreasonable
rate or charge, in handling or dealing in or with any necessaries; to
conspire, combine, agree, or arrange with any other person, (a) to
limit the facilities for transporting, producing, harvesting, manufacturing, supplying, storing, or dealing in any necessaries; (b) to
restrict the supply of any necessaries; (c) to restrict distribution of
any necessaries; (d) to prevent, limit, or lessen the manufacture or
production of any necessaries in order to enhance the price thereof, or
(e) to exact excessive prices for any necessaries; or to aid or abet the
doing of any act made unlawful by this section.
SEC. 5. That? from time to time, whenever the President shall find
it essential to hcense the importation, manufacture, storage, mining,
or distribution of any necessaries, in order to carry into effect any
of the purposes of this Act, and shall publicly so announce, no person
shall, after a date fixed in the announcement, engage in or carry
on any such business specified in the announcement of importation,
manufacture, storage, mining, or distribution of any necessaries as
set forth in such announcement, unless he shall secure and hold a
license issued pursuant to this section. The President is authorized
to issue such hcenses and to prescribe regulations for the issuance of
licenses and requirements for systems of accounts and auditing of
accounts to be kept bliensees, submission of reports by them, with
or without oath or affirmation, and the entry and inspection by the
President's duly authorized agents of the places of business of
licensees. Whenever the President shall find that any storage
charge, commission, profit1 or practice of any licensee is unjust, or
unreasonable,or discriminatory and unfair,or wasteful, and shall order
such licensee, within a reasonable time fixed in the order, to discontinue the same, unless such order, which shall recite the facts found,
is revoked or suspended, such licensee shall, within the time prescribed in the order, discontinue such unjust, unreasonable, discriminatory and unfair storage charge, commission, profit, or practice. The President may, in lieu of any such unjust, unreasonable,
discriminatory, and unfair storage charge, commission, profit, or
practice, find what is a just, reasonable, nondiscriminatory and fair
storage charge, commission, profit, or practice, and in any procoed-


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Puri. 41.:

3

ing. brought in any court such order of the President shall be prima
facie evidence. Any person who, without a license issued pursuant
to this section, or whose license shall have been revoked, knowingly
engages hi or carries on any business for which a license is required
under this section, or willfully fails or refuses to discontinue any
unjust, unreasonable, discriminatory and unfair storage charge,
commission, profit, or practice, in accordance with the requirement
of an order issued under this section, or any regulation prescribed
under this section, shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a
fine not exceeding $5,000, or by imprisonment for not more than two
years, or both: Provided, That this section shall not apply to any
farmer, gardener, cooperative association of farmers or gardeners,
including live-stock farmers, or other persons with respect to the
products of any farm, garden, or other land owned, leased, or cultivated by him, nor to any retailer with respect to the retail business
actually conducted by him, nor to any common carrier, nor shall
anything in this section be construed to authorize the fixing or
imposition of a duty or tax upon any article imported into or exported from the United States or any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia: Provided further, That for the purposes of this
Act a retailer shall be deemed to be a person, copartnership, firm,
corporation, or association not engaging in the wholesale business
whose gross sales do not exceed $100,000 per aimum.
SEC. 6. That any person who willfully hoards any necessaries shall
upon conviction thereof be fined not exceeding $5,000 or be imprisoned
for not more than two years, or both. Necessaries shall be deemed
to be hoarded within the meaning of this Act when either (a) held,
contracted for, or arranged for by any person in a quantity in excess
of his reasonable requirements for use or consumption by himself
and dependents for a reasonable time; (b) held, contracted for, or
arranged for by any manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, or other
dealer in a quantity in excess of the reasonable requirements of his
business for use or sale by him for a reasonable time, or reasonably
required to furnish necessaries produced in surplus quantities seasonally throughout the period of scant or no production; or (c) withheld,
whether by possession or under any contract or arrangement, from
the market by any person for the purpose of unreasonably increasing
or diminishing the price: Provided, That this section shall not include
or relate to transactions on any exchange, board of trade, or similar
institution or place of business as described in section thirteen of this
Act that may be permitted by the President under the authority
conferred upon him by said section thirteen: Provided, however, That
any accumulating or withholding by any farmer or gardener, cooperative association of farmers or gardeners, including Five-stock farmers,
or any other person, of the products of any farm, garden, or other
land owned, leased, or cultivated by him shall not be deemed to be
hoarding within the meaning of this Act.
SEC. 7. That whenever any necessaries shall be hoarded as defined
in section six they shall be liable to he proceeded against in any
district court of the United States within the district where the same
are found and seized by a process of libel for condemnation, and if
such necessaries shall be adjudged to be hoarded they shall be disposed of by sale in such manner as to provide the most equitable
distribution thereof as the court may direct, and the proceeds


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

4

!Pim. 41.:

thereof, less the legal costs and charges, shall be paid to the party
entitled thereto. The proceedings of such libel cases shall conform
as near as may be to the proceeding's in admiralty, except that either
party may demand trial by jury of any issue of fact joined in any
such case, and all such proceedings shall be at the suit of and in the
name of the United States. It shall be the duty of the United States
attorney for the proper district to institute and prosecute any such
action upon presentation to him of satisfactory evidence to sustain
the same.
SEC. 8. That any person who willfully destroys any necessaries for
the purpose of enhancing the price or restricting the supply thereof
shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined not exceeding $5,000 or imprisoned for not more than two years, or both.
SEC. 9. That any person who conspires, combines, agrees, or
arranges with any other person (a) to limit the facilities for transporting, producing, manufacturing, supplying, storing, or dealing
in any necessaries; (b) to restrict the supply of any necessaries; (c)
to restrict the distribution of any necessaries; (d) to prevent, limit,
or lessen the manufacture or productiion of any necessaries in order
to enhance the price thereof shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined
not exceeding $10,000 or be imprisoned for not more than two years,
or both.
SEC. 10. That the President is authorized, from time to time, to
requisition foods, feeds, fuels, and other supplies necessary to the
support of the Army or the maintenance of the Navy, or any other
public use connected with the common defense, and to requisition,
or otherwise provide, storage facilities for such supplies; and he shall
ascertain and pay a just compensation therefor. If the compensation so determined be not satisfactory to the person entitled to receive the same, such person shall be paid seventy-five per centum of
the amount so determined by the President, and shall be entitled to
sue the United States to recover such further sum as, added to said
seventy-five per centum will make up such amount as will be just
compensation for such necessaries or storage space, and jurisdiction
is hereby conferred on the United States District Courts to hear and
determine all such controversies: Provided, That nothing in this section, or in the section that follows, shall be construed to require any
natural person to furnish to the Government any necessaries held by
him and reasonably required for consumption or use by himself and
dependents, nor shall any person, firm, corporation, or association
be required to furnish to the Government any seed necessary for the
seeding of land owned, leased, or cultivated by them.
SEC. 11. That the President is authorized from time to time to
purchase, to store, to provide storage facilities for, and to sell for
cash at reasonable prices, wheat, flour, meal, beans, and potatoes:
Provided, That if any minimum price shall have been theretofore fixed,
pursuant to the provisions of section fourteen of this Act, then the
price paid for any such articles so purchased shall not be less than
such minimum price. Any moneys received by the United States
from or in connection with the disposal by the United States of necbe
essaries under this section may, in the discretion of the President,this
of
purposes
the
out
carrying
further
for
used as a revolving fund
section. Any balance of such moneys not used as part of such


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Pull. 41.)

5

revolving fund shall be covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous
receipts.
SEC. 12. That whenever the President shall find it necessary to
secure an adequate supply of necessaries for the support of the Army
or the maintenance of the Navy, or for any other public use connected
with the common defense, he is authorized to requisition and take
over, for use or operation by the Government, any factory, packing
house, oil pipe line, mine, or other plant, or any part thereof, in or
through which any necessaries are or may be manufactured, produced,
prepared, or mined, and to operate the same. Whenever the President shall determine that the further use or operation by the Government of any such factory, mine, or plant, or part thereof, is not
essential for the national security or defense, the same shall be restored to the person entitled to the possession thereof. The United
States shall make just compensation, to be determined by the President, for the taking over, use, occupation, and operation by the
Government of any such factory., mine, or plant, or part thereof. If
the compensation so determined be unsatisfactory to the person entitled to receive the same, such person shall be paid seventy-five per
con turn of the amount so determined by the President, and shall be
entitled to sue the United States to recover such further sum as,
added to said seventy-five per centum, will make up such amount as
will be just compensation, in the manner provided by section twentyfour, paragraph twenty, and section one hundred and forty-five of the
Judicial Code. The President is authorized to prescribe such regulations as he may deem essential for carrying out the purposes of this
section, including the operation of any such factory,,mine. or plant,
or part thereof, the purchase, sale, or other disposition of articles
used, manufactured, produced, prepared, or mined therein, and the
employment,control, and compensation of employees. Any moneys
received by the United States from or in connection with the use or
operation of any such factory, mine, or plant, or part thereof, may, in
the discretion of the President, be used as a revolving fund for the
purpose of the continued use or operation of any such factory, mine,
or plant, or part thereof, and the accounts of each such factory, mine,
plant, or part thereof, shall be kept separate and distinct. Any
balance of such moneys not used as part of such revolving fund shall
be paid into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.
SEC.13. That whenever the President finds it essentialin order to prevent undue enhancement, depression, or fluctuation of prices of, or in
order to prevent injurious speculation in, or in order to prevent unjust
market manipulation or unfair and misleading market quotations of the
prices of necessaries, hereafter in this section called evil practices, he is
authorized to prescribe such regulations governing, or may either
wholly or partly prohibit, operations, practices, and transactions at,
on, in, or under the rules of any exchange, board of trade, or similar
institution or place of business as he may find essential in order to
prevent, correct, or remove such evil practices.. .Such regulations
may require all persons coming within their provisions to keep such
records and statements of account, and may require such persons to
make such returns, verified under oath or otherwise, as will fully and
correctly disclose all transactions at, in, or on, or under the rules of
any such exchange, board of trade, or similar institution or place of


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1•0
Federal
Reserve Bank of St. Louis

6

Tim. 41.

business, including the making, execution, settlement, and fulfillment
thereof. He may also require all persons acting in the capacity of a
clearing house, clearing association, or similar institution, for the
purpose of clearing, settling, or adjusting transactions at, in, or on, or
under the rules of any such exchange, board of trade, or similar institution or place of business, to keep such records and to make such
returns as will fully and correctly- disclose all facts in their possession
relating to such transactions, and he may appoint agents to conduct
the investigations necessary to enforce the provisions of this section
and all rules and regulations made by him in pursuance thereof, and
may fix and pay the compensation of such agents. Any person who
willfully violates any regulation made pursuant to this section, or who
knowingly engages in any operation, practice, or transaction prohibited pursuant to this section, or who willfully aids or abets any
such violation or any such prohibited operation, practice, or transaction, shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine not exceeding $10,000 or by imprisonment for not more than four years, or both.
SEC. 14. That whenever the President shall find that an emergency exists requiring stimulation of the production of wheat and
that it is essential that the producers of wheat, produced within
the United States, shall have the benefits of the guaranty provided
for in this section, he is authorized, from time to time, seasonably
and as far in advance of seeding time as practicable, to determine
and fix and to give public notice of what, under specified conditions,
is a reasonable guaranteed price for wheat, in order to assure such
producers a reasonable profit. The President shall thereupon fix
such guaranteed price for each of the official grain standards for
wheat as established under the United States grain standards Act,
approved August eleventh, nineteen hundred and sixteen. The
President shall from time to time establish and promulgate such
regulations as he shall deem wise in connection with such guaranteed
prices, and in particular governing conditions of delivery and payment, and differences in price for the several standard grades in the
principal primary markets of the United States, adopting number
one northern spring or its equivalent at the principal interior primary
markets as the basis. Thereupon, the Government of the United
States hereby guarantees every producer of wheat produced within
the United States, that, upon compliance by him with the regulations prescribed, he shall receive for any wheat produced in reliance
upon this guarantee within the period, not exceeding eighteen
months, prescribed in the notice, a price not less than the guaranteed price therefor as fixed pursuant to this section. In such regulations the President shall prescribe the terms and conditions upon
which any such producer shall be entitled to the benefits of such
guaranty. The guaranteed prices for the several standard grades of
wheat for the crop of nineteen hundred and eighteen, shall be based
upon number one northern spring or its equivalent at not less than
$2 per bushel at the principal interior primary markets. This guaranty shall not be dependent upon the action of the President under
the first part of this section, but is hereby made absolute and shall
be binding until May first, nineteen hundred and nineteen. When
the President finds that the importation into the United States of
any wheat produced outside of the United States materially enhances or it; likely materially to enhance the liabilities of the Linited


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I PuB. 41).

7

States under guaranties of prices therefor made pursuant to this
section, and ascertains what rate of duty, added to the then existing
rate of.duty on wheat and to the value of wheat at the time of importation, would be sufficient to bring the price thereof at which imported up to the price fixed therefor pursuant to the foregoing provisions of this section, he shall proclaim such facts, and thereafter
there shall be levied, collected, and paid upon wheat when imported
in addition to the then existing rate of duty, the rate of duty so
ascertained; but in no case shall any such rate of duty be fixed at
an amount which will effect a reduction of the rate of duty upon
wheat under any then existing tariff law of the United States. For
the purpose of making any guaranteed price effective under this
section, or whenever he deems it essential in order to protect the
Government of the United States against material enhancement of
its liabilities arising out of any guaranty under this section, the
President is authorized also, in his discretion, to purchase any wheat
for which a guaranteed price shall be fixed under this section, and to
hold, transport, or store it, or to sell, dispose of, and deliver the same
to any citizen of the United States or to any Government engaged
in war with any country with which the Government of the United
States is or may be at war or to use the same as supplies for any
department or agency of the Government of the United States.
Any moneys received by the United States from or in connection
with the sale or disposal of wheat under this section may, in the
discretion of the President, be used as a revolving fund for further
carrying out the purposes of this section. Any balance of such
moneys not used as part of such revolving fund shall he covered
into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.
SEQ. 15. That from and after thirty days from the date of the
approval of this Act no foods, fruits, food materials, or feeds shall
be used in the production of distilled spirits for beverage purposes:
Provided, That under such rules, regulations, and bonds as the
President may prescribe, such materials may be used in the production of distilled spirits exclusively for other than beverage purposes,
or for the fortification of pure sweet wines as defined by the Act
entitled "An Act to increase the revenue, and for other purposes,"
approved September eighth, nineteen hundred and sixteen. Nor
shall there be imported into the United States any distilled spirits.
Whenever the President shall find that limitation, regulation, or
prohibition of the use of foods, fruits, food materials, or feeds in the
production of malt or vinous liquors for beverage purposes, or that
reduction of the alcoholic content of any such malt or vinous liquor,
is essential, in order to assure an adequate and continuous supply of
food, or that the national security and defense will be subserved
thereby, lit, is authorized, from time to time, to prescribe and give
public notice of the extent of the limitation, regulation, prohibition,
or reduction so necessitated. Whenever such notice shall have been
given and shall remain unreyoked no person shall, after a reasonable
time prescribed in such notice, use any foods, fruits, food materials,
or feeds in the production of malt or vinous liquors, or import any
such liquors except under license issued by. the President and in
. mod by him governing
compliance with rules and regulations tleterffi
the production and importation of such liquors and the alcoholic
content thereof. Any person who willfully violates the provisions


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

8

t Pita. 41.1

of this section, or who shall use any foods, fruits, food materials, or
feeds in the production of malt or vinous liquors, or who shall import
any such liquors, without first obtaining a license so to do when a
license is required under this section, or who shall violate any rule
or regulation made under this section, shall be punished by a fine not
exceeding $5,000, or by imprisonment for not more than two years,
or both: Provided further, That nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize the licensing of the manufacture of vinous or
malt liquors in any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, or
any civil subdivision thereof, where the manufacture of such vinous
or malt liquor is prohibited.
SEC. 16. That the President is authorized and directed to commandeer any or all distilled spirits in bond or in stock at the date of
the approval of this Act for redistillation, in so far as such redistillation may be necessary to meet the requirements of the Government
in the manufacture of munitions and other military and hospital supplies, or in so far as such redistillation would dispense with the necessity of utilizing products and materials suitable for foods and feeds
in the future manufacture of distilled spirits for the purposes herein
enumerated. The President shall determine and pay a just compensation for the distilled spirits so commandeered; and if the compensation so determined be not satisfactory to the person entitled to
receive the same, such person shall be paid seventy-five per centum
of the amount so determined by the President and shall be entitled
to sue the United States to recover such further sum as, added to
said seventy-five per centum, will make up such amount as will be
just compensation for such spirits, in the manner provided by section
twenty-four, paragraph twenty, and section one hundred and fortyfive of the Judicial Code.
SEC. 17. That every person who willfully assaults, resists, impedes,
or interferes with any officer, employee, or agent of the United States;
in the execution of any duty authorized to be performed by or pursuant to this Act shall upon conviction thereof be fined not exceeding
$1,000 or be imprisoned for not more than one year, or both.
SEC. 18. That the sum of $2,500,000 is hereby appropriated, out
of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to be
available until June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and eighteen, for the
payment of such rent, the expense, including postage, of such printing and publications, the purchase of such material and equipment,
and the employment of such persons and means, in the city of Washington and elsewhere, as the President may deem essential.
SEC. 19. That for the purposes of this Act the sum of $150,000,000
is hereby appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to be available during the time this Act is in effect:
Provided, That no part of this appropriation shall be expended for
the purposes described in the preceding section: Provided .further,
That itemized statements covering all purchases and disbursements
under this and the preceding section shall be filed with the Secretary
of the Senate and the Clerk of the House of Representatives on or
before the twenty-fifth day of each month after the taking effect of
this Act, covering the business of the preceding month, and said
statements shall he subject to public inspection.
SEC. 20. That the employment of any person under the provisions
of this Act shall not exempt any such person from military service


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1Pvil. 41.1

9

under the provisions of the selective draft law approved May eighteenth, nineteen hundred and seventeen.
SEC. 21. The President shall cause a detaileu report to be made to
the Congress on the first day of January each year of all proceedings
had under this Act during the year preceding. Such report shall, hi
addition to other matters, contain an account of all persons appointed
or employed, the salary or compensation paid or allowed each, the
aggregate amount of the different kinds of property purchased or
requisitioned, the use and disposition made of such property, and a
statement of all receipts, payments, and expenditures, together with
a statement showing the general character, and estimated value of
all property then on hand, and the aggregate amount and character
of all claims against the United States growing out of this Act.
SEC. 22. That if any clause, sentence, paragraph, or part of this
Act shall for any reason be adjudged by any court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, such judgment shall not affect, impair, or invalidate the remainder thereof, but shall be confined in its operation
to the clause, sentence, paragraph, or part thereof, directly involved
in the controversy in which such judgment shall have been rendered.
SEC. 23. That words used in this Act shall be construed to import
the plural or th singular, as the case demands. The word "person,"
wherever used in this Act, shall include individuals, partnerships,
associations, and corporations. When construing and enforcing the
provisions of this Act, the act, omission, or failure of any official,
agent, or other person acting for or employed by any partnership.
association, or corporation within the scope of his employment or
office shall, in every case, also be deemed the act, omission, or failure
of such partnership, association, or corporation as well as that of the
person.
SEC. 24. That the provisions of this Act shah cease to be in effect
when the existing state of war between the United States and Germany shall have terminated, and .the fact and date of such termination shall be ascertained and proclaimed by the President; but the
termination of this Act shall not affect any act done,. or any right or
obligation accruing or accrued, or any suit or proceeding had or commenced in any civil case before the said termination pursuant to this
Act; but all rights and liabilities under this Act arising before its tet mination shall ctaitinue and may be enforced in the same manner as
if the Act had not terminated. Any offense committed and all
penalties, forfeitures, or liabilities incurred prior to such termination
may be prosecuted or punished in the same manner and with the
same effect as if this Act had not been terminated.
SEC.'25. That the President of the United States shall be, and he is
hereby, authorized and empowered, whenever and wherever in his
judgment necessary for the .efficient prosecution of the war, to fix the
price of coal and coke, wherever and whenever sold, either by producer
or dealer, to establish rules for the regulation of and to regulate the
method of production, sale, shipment, distribution, apportionment,
or storage thereof among dealers and consumers, domestic or foreign:
said authority and power may be exercised by him in each case
through the agency of the Federal Trade Commission during the war
or for such part of said time as in his judgment may be necessary.
That if, in the opinion of the President, any such producer or
dealer fails or neglects to conform to such prices or regulations, or


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

I

-

10

[Pos. 41.]

regulations and control
to conduct his business efficiently under the in
a manner prejudicial
it
cts
condu
of the President as aforesaid, or
y authorized and
hereb
is
dent
Presi
the
then
st,
intere
to the public
over the plant,
take
and
ition
empowered in every such case to requis
such .producer
to
ging
belon
of
there
ces
tenan
appur
business, and all
same to be
the
cause
or
te
opera
to
or dealer as a going concern, and
may direct
he
as
y
agenc
such
gh
throu
and
er
mann
operated in such
as in his
time
said
of
part
such
for
during the period of the war or
sary.
neces
be
judgment may
and appurteThat any producer or dealer whose plant, business,
President
the
by
over
or
d
taken
itione
requis
been
nances shall have
g the
durin
of
use
there
the
for
on
shall be paid a just compensati
aforeas
t
over
or
aken
d
itione
requis
be
may
same
period that the
to be fixed
said, which compensation the President shall fix or cause
.
ssion
Commi
Trade
by the Federal
g over or
That if the prices so fixed, or if, in the case of the takin
or dealer
cer
produ
such
of
any
ess
busin
or
mines
the
requisitioning of
of this
sions
provi
the
by
the compensation therefor as determined
ve
recei
to
ed
entitl
ns
or
perso
n
perso
the
to
Act be not satisfactory
m of the
centu
per
ve
ty-fi
paid
be
seven
shall
n
perso
such
same,
the
United States
amount so determined, and shall be entitled to sue the ve
per centum,
ty-fi
to
said
seven
added
as,
sum
er
furth
such
er
to recov
the manin
on
nsati
just
compe
be
will
as
nt
will make up such amou
section
and
y,
raph
twent
parag
r,
y-fou
twent
on
secti
by
ded
ner provi
Code.
al
Judici
the
of
one hundred and forty-five
s or busiWhile operating or causing.to be operated any such plant
s as he
ation
regul
such
ibe
prescr
to
ness, the President is authorized
on
nsati
compe
and
ol,
contr
,
yment
emplo
the
for
ial
may deem essent
same.
the
ct
of the employees necessary to condu
of the opinion
Or if the President of the United States shall beon defense, and
comm
the
that he can thereby better provide for
the efficient prosewhenever,in his judgment,it shall be necessary forand
empowered to
rized
cution of the war, then he is hereby autho
in any special
either
coke,
and
coal
of
require any or all producers
d States, to
Unite
area or in any special coal fields, or in the entire
agency to
an
gh
throu
s
State
d
Unite
the
sell their products only to
the resale
ate
regul
y to
be designated by the President, such agencf,
ish rules
t,o
establ
and
thereo
prices
of such coal and coke, and the
ction,
of
produ
ds
metho
the
ate
regul
to
and
of
for the regulation
g
amon
of
ge
there
stora
or
ent,
tionm
shipment, distribution, appor
nt
payme
to
make
and
n,
foreig
or
tic
domes
mers,
dealers and consu
producers thereof, or to the
of the purchase price thereof to the
payment.
said
to
ed
entitl
y
person or persons legall
the agency so designated
from
e
notic
after
days
n
fiftee
n
withi
That
its, output is to be so
or
his,
that
coke
and
to any producer of coal
described, such prore
nbefo
herei
purchased by the United States as product upon his own account
said
of
ents
ducer shall cease shipm
orders received and unfilled or
and shall transmit to such agency allexten
t to which shipments have
exact
the
partially unfilled, showing
ents shall be made only
shipm
all
been made thereon, and thereafter
President, and therethe
by
nated
desig
on authority of the agency
cts except to the
produ
said
of
after no such producer shall sell any
i
agency alone ,
said
the
and
y,
agenc
United States through such


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[Pus.41.

1

11

hereby authorized and empowered to purchase during the continuance of the requirement the output of.such producers.
That the prices to be paid for such products so purchased shall be
based upon a fair and just profit over and above the cost of production, including proper maintenance and depletion charges, the reasonableness of such profits and cost of production to be determined
by the Federal Trade Commission, and if the prices fixed by the said
commission of any such product purchased by the United States as
hereinbefore described be unsatisfactory to the person or persons
entitled to the same, such persln or persons shall be paid seventy-five
per centum of the amount so determined, and shall be entitled to
sue the United States to recover such further sum as, added to said
seventy-five per centum, will make up such amount as will be just
compensation in the manner provided by section twenty-four, paragraPh twenty, and section one hundred and forty-five of the Judicial
CodA... such products so sold to the United States shall be sold by the
United States at such uniform prices, quality considered, as may be
practicable and as may be determined by said agency to be just and
fair.
Any moneys received by the United States for the sale of any such
coal and coke may, in the discretion of the President, be used as a
revolving fund for further carrying out the purposes of this section.
Any moneys not so used shall 130 covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.
That when directed by the President, the Federal Trade Commission is hereby required to proceed to make full inquiry, giving such
notice as it may deem practicable, into the cost of producing_ under
reasonably efficient management at the various places of production
the following commodities, to wit, coal and coke.
The books, correspondence, records and papers in any way referring
to transactions of any kind relating'
to the mining, production, sale,
or distribution of all mine operators or other persons whose coal and
coke have or may become subject to this section, and the books, correspondence, records, and papers of any person applying for the
purchase of coal and coke from the United States shall at
times
be subject to inspection by the said agency, and such person or
persons shall promptly furnish said agency any data or information
relating to the business of such person or persons which said agency
may call for, and said agency is hereby authorized to procure the
infcirmation in reference to the business of such coal-mine operators
and producers of coke and customers therefor in the manner provided.
for in sections six and nine of the Act of Congress approved September twenty-sixth, nineteen hundred and fourteen, entitled "An Act
to create a Federal Trade Commission, to define its powers and duties,
and for other purposes," and said agency is hereby authorized and
empowered to exercise all the powers granted to the Federal Trade
Commission by said Act for the carrying out of the purposes of this
section.
Having completed its inquiry respecting any commodity in any
locality, it shall, if the President has decided to fix the prices at which
any such commodity shall be sold by producers and dealers generally,
fix and publish maxi,inum prices for both producers of and dealers
in any such commodity, which maximum prices shall be observed


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

v

12

MITB.41.1

by all producers and dealers until further action thereon i3 taken by
the commission.
In fixing maximum prices for producers the commission shall allow
maintethe cost of production, including the expense of operation,just
and
nance, depreciation, and depletion, and shall add thereto a
reasonable profit.
In fixing such prices for dealers, the commission shall allow the.
cost to the dealer and shall add thereto a just and reasonable sum for
his profit in the transaction.
The maximum prices so fixed and published shall not be construed
good
as invalidating any contract in which prices are fixed, made inprices
um
of
maxim
tion
and
publica
shment,
establi
faith, prior to the
by the commission.
Whoever shall, with knowledge that the prices of any such commodity have been fixed as herein provided, ask, demand, or receive
a higher price, or whoever shall, with knowledge that the regulations
have been prescribed as herein provided, violate or refuse to conform
to any of the same, shall, upon conviction, be punished by fine of
not more than $5,000, or by imprisonment for not more than two
years, or both. Each independent transaction shall constitute a
separate offense.
Nothing in this section shall be construed as restricting or modifying in any manner the right the Government of the United States
may have in its own behalf or in behalf of any other Government
at war with Germany to purchase, requisition, or take over any such
commodities for the equipment, maintenance, or support of armed
forces at any price or upon any terms that may be agreed upon or
otherwise lawfully determined.
SEC. 26. That any person carrying on or employed in commerce
in the
among the several States, or with foreign nations, or with or article
any
in
States
United
the
Territories or other possessions of
suitable for human food, fuel, or other necessaries of life, who, either
of a
in his individual capacity or as an officer, agent, or employeeed
in
employ
or
on
g
carryin
ship
partner
a
of
member
corporation or
make
such trade, shall store, acquire, or hold, or who shall destroy orsupply
away with any such article for the purpose of limiting the in such
thereof to the public or affecting the market price thereof
commerce, whether temporarily or otherwise, shall be deemed guilty
by a fine
of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished than
two
more
not
for
onment
impris
by
of not more than $5,000 or
farmer,
any
by
holding
or
storing
any
That
d;
Provide
both:
years, or
gardner, or other person of the products of any farm, garden, or other
land cultivated by him shall not be deemed to be a storing or holding
and
within the meaning of this Act: Provided further, That farmers
a
s
of
societie
or
es,
exchang
other
and
tive
coopera
fruit growers,
similar character shall not be included within the provisions ofedthis
to
section: Provided further, That this section shall not be constru such
any
by
article
such
any
of
ating
accumul
or
holding
the
t
prohibi
of
person in a quantity not in excess of the reasonable requirements
rebly
y
reasona
quantit
a
in
or
time
ble
reasona
a
for
s
his busines
ies seasonquired to furnish said articles produced in surplus quantit
g conNothin
ion.
product
no
or
scant
of
period
the
out
ally through
entitled
Act
the
repeal
to
ed
constru
tained in this section shall be


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

13
"An Act to protect trade and commerce against unlawful restraints
and monopolies," approved July second, eighteen hundred ..nd ninety,
commonly known as the Sherman Antitrust Act.
SEC. 27. That the President is authorized to procure, or aid in
procuring, such stocks of nitrate of soda as he may determine to be
necessary, and find available, for increasing agricultural production
during the calendar years nineteen hundred and seventeen and eighteen, and to dispose of the same for cash at cost, including all expenses connected therewith. For carrying out the purposes of this
section, there is hereby appropriated, out of any moneys in the
Treasury not otherwise appropriated, available immediately and until
expended, the sum of $10,000,000, or so much thereof as may be
necessary, and the President is authorized to make such regulations,
and to use such means and agencies of the Government, as, in his
discretion, he may deem best. The proceeds arising from the disposition of the nitrate of soda shall go into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.
Approved, August 10, 1917.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

C
;443
_
e

;\.%/1•A'

H

UNITED.5TATE5__FOOD ADMINISTRATION
WASHINGTON, D. C.

December 21, 1918.
IN YOUR REPLY REFER TO

33-H/warn

Miss Mary Van Kleeck,
Director, Woman in Industry Service,
U.S.Department of Labor,
Washington, D. C.
Dear Miss Van Kleeck:I have your letter of December 20th enclosing a copy of the
standards governing the employment of' women in industry which
I am glad to see you intend to urge upon employers as well as
upon the Federal and State Governments in peace as well as in
war.
I have no list to fUrnish you of employers or others to whom
copies should be sent. The Food Administration's lists of
firms are hardly arranged in a way which would enable these
lists to be furnished, since, as you know, we have no direct
government contracts. It might be possible to have copies
sent to the canning industries if you desire to take th3 =Ater up with Mr. John R. Munn, head of the Canning Division,
Ats you know ran severing my connection wi th the Food Administration.
Sincere2,y yours,
U..FOOD ADMINI MAT'01;
By ...

3

Representative on War Labor Policies Board.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

T37 e.

*
37rf;

December 14, 1918.
Haskell,
Aixinistration,
AIShington, D. 0.
MI dear 'Lir. BeSisals
a collectiol/
the Ilsan In lninstry Serwiee is mahinc
ous indastrie.1
of phetessnifte showing Mien emeisei in vari
anent bistorieal
perm
a
ng
preesissee, for the purpose Of fumi
h women were
mbic
in
oellOotion of the various types of vest
easaged during the var.
ograyits ot
we should like very nosh to get some yliot
at work
them
ing
, show
was" envloyed in theilarying industry
wafer o
in
ed
also interest
in the various prosesees. • -3 are
, dorroom
h
the various oolsoJ.nies, Itch as liuma
vat dose
such
have
you
IX
sitssiss, rest rooms, anti recreation work.
should
we
e
ure thes
phstelplaphs, or win tell us 'Macre we eau proc
or
nt
matit
infar
sfinalate it, aad LC you could give us some
shep eammittooll
le,
tsea
ulge
the
pfintSi data on the sdbjeet of
,
also
that
etc" me should like to have
lste eollsetion of
WO ithould also like to have a easo
, ant olU %roework
era1
4ult
sohotosvaphs showbiz. AIwen in agri
that direction.
in
us
elve
can
eiate saw father as3istanco you
Si-Amwely rears.

,103.02= V.
VOula ID Industry Sorvioe.

e

U. S. FOOD ADMINISTRATION

3

Washington, D. C.
for RELEASE

DEC 19 191i
•

•

I

•

•

•

. EDITORS:

S

•

*

•

t

•

•

•

•

•

•

•

•

This timely story is sent .

. in exclusive text to farm journals
. and is released upon receipt.
•

1

WOMEN

Aa

CREAll TESTERS

As a means of increasing the Nations supply of labor
George
E. Haskell, dairy specialist of the Food Admini
stration staff, has
suggested the more general employment of women as cream tester
s.
There are at least 10,000 cream receiving stations in the
United States, according to Mr, Haskell, at which cream
is pur*
chased, sampled, tested and then shipped to churning centers
for
manufacture into butter.

Women have to some extent assisted their

husbands as cream station operators and in states requiring
such
operators to be licensed, a small percentage of women have
success-.
fully passed fhe technical tests and been grante licens
d
es,

When

cOnvenient platforms are arranged for loading and unloading
cans
Of cream —ith a minimum of lifting, the work is not physic
ally
difficult 4
"Women are well qualified for the painstaking rork of
sampling
and testing", declares Mr. Haskell, "and only a short traini
ng
is necessary to make them proficient.

The substitution of women

as cream station operators, especially in the smaller
stations,
seems in harmony rith the Nation's need, as it will release
several thousand men for farming and war industries."


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

.r7r/
UNITED STATES FOOD ADMINISTRATION
WASHINGTON, D. C.

December 21, 1918
IN YOUR REPLY REFER TO

35-B13-1/WL,

Helena V. Williams,
U. S. Department in Labor,
Woman in Industry Service,
Washington, D. C.

Dear Diadam:
Your favor of Decemb-ir 13th, addrJesei to Mr.
requesting photJgraphs of woman in agriHaskell,
E.
Geo,
been rJferrad to this Division for
has
work
cultural
attantijn.
We are enclosing narewitn 5 photographs takan in
France and England, which we trust will be of value to ysa.
Unforcunately we have no information specifically relating
to woman in the dairy intastry. It is po,isible that the
U. S. Department of Agricultura may be able to assist you
in this matter and we suggast that you address them.
Very truly yours,
MTTT.73 STATES FOOD ADMIN'ISTRATIV
By
icu1tifri

Enclosures:
5 photographs.

ati

V

Loce,Jber

1918.

2r. Gees E. Coffin, Jr.,
;:is FOOd Athniniutration,
ashingtou, D. 0.0
deer 71r. Coffin:
Thu
vorly interesti
and ,ngland.

you for OM* letter of Decenber 21st enc1osin6 five
oultura1 workers of =MCC
rahs of wor4on

The ';oman in Industry Service desires to use these Ifnotervphs from time to time in exhibits showinc the various processes
well ts the conditions
in which vow were engaged durini. the wnr
under mbich they worked; and to illustrte !asolzine and newspaper
articles on this subject. The names of firns will not be LlentiOned
in any case.
If we do not hear from you l'Iurthor, we udll ussuae Wet
-7,1 may use the pioturee sent to us for Lhis purpos.

you

ricultnre
I am also oommunioatInc with the ).)axt,lont of
Vac
enLAE:edi
dairyin
industry,
as
worne?
rd1ne :botocru:ohs of
InAC '3Sted.,
Yours mincorokr,

lelena IC Alliama,
aan in Inauetry Jervioe.
liVW sin)


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

NOT TRANSFERABLE
No. G

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
OFFICE OF

UNITED STATES FOOD ADMINISTRATOR

LICENSE
LICENSE IS HEREBY GRANTED TO

of
in accordance with the proclamations of the
to engage in and carry on business in foods and feeds
such business, under an Act of Congress
President and the regulations prescribed by him, relating to
and defense by encouraging the producsecurity
national
the
for
further
entitled "An Act to provide
products and fuel," approved August
food
of
on
distributi
ng
the
tion, conserving the supply, and controlli
10, 1917, or any amendments thereof.
or for a limited or unlimited
This license is subject at any time to revocation, in whole or in part,
the licensee, of any of the
of
or
employee
period, for violation by the. licensee, or by any officer, agent
ns now or hereafter in force.
provisions of said Act or any amendment thereof, or of said regulatio
Food Administrator, or his
The licensee is required, whenever called upon by the United States
g his business in such detail as
representative, to furnish information and to make reports concernin
shall
as
facilitate the verification of inforbusiness
his
of
records
such
shall be prescribed, and shall keep
and
accounts of the licensee are at
records
books,
property,
all
mation contained in said reports; and
or his duly accredited agent
ator
Food
Administr
States
United
all times subject to the inspection of the
or representative.
States
This license is based upon the statements in licensee's application, on file with the United
new
name,
or
corporate
Food Administration, Washington, D. C. All changes, such as change in firm
ly.
place of business, or changes in or additions to activities, must be reported immediate
Dated

Form Bb-0540


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

United States Food Administrator

Form Bb-603.

UNITED STATES FOOD ADMINISTRATION
(Leave blank.)

WASHINGTON, D. C.

LICENSE DIVISION

(Leave blank.)

1102 ta Date
Place all your present Food Administration license
numbers with their serial letters here:

APPLICATION FOR LICENSE
EXCEPT FOR BAKERS AND FISHERMEN

1E6— FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS EXACTLY
Please

use typewriter

1. Name under which business is conducted
2.

(State whether applicant is an individual, corporation, partnership, or association. If a corporation, state under what laws organized.)

3. Address

(Number and street.)

(City or town.)

(County.)

(State.)

4. Name of owner if applicant is an individual
5. Gross sales for calendar year 1917, approximately $

Hereby applies for license as manufacturer or distributor (or both)of foods and feeds as indicated
on the following pages.
NOTE.--Distributors should check on page 2,manufacturers on pages 3 and 4. If you are both manufacturer and distributor
check under both classifications. Do not check as distributor if you sell only goods of your own manufacture.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

(BE SURE TO SIGN YOUR APPLICATION ON PAGE 6)

2

DISTRIBUTORS.
.as many groups as necessary to cover ALL your business
Includes importers, exporters, and all domestic distributors. CheckIf you are simply selling goods of your own manufacture.
as a DISTRIBUTOR of food or feed commodities. Do not check HERE
of the commodities in this group, check here
CROUP I. GENERAL FOOD COMMODITIES.—If you deal in ANY
Canned salmon.
Powdered milk.
Hominy.
Wheat flour.
Canned sardines.
Canned beef.
Cornstarch.
flour.
Rye
Dried prunes.
Canned pork.
Corn syrup.
Corn flour.
Dried peaches.
Canned mutton.
Glucose.
Barley flour.
Dried apples.
Canned peas.
Cerealene flakes.
Rice flour.
Dried raisins.
Canned dried beans.
Cleaned rice.
Mixed flour.
Sugar.
Canned tomatoes.
Dried beans.
Oatmeal.
Syrups.
Canned corn.
Dried peas.
Rolled oats.
Canned hominy.
Molasses.
Condensed milk.
Corn meal.
Evaporated milk.
Corn grits.
you deal in fresh fruits or vegetables, check here
GROUP II. FRESH FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.—If
in car lotsfrom pointsof production,
of
GROUP III. CAR-LOT SHIPPERS OF POTATOES.—If you are a shipper potatoes
check here.

LI

in which you deal:
GROUP IV. DAIRY PRODUCTS.—Check each of the following commodities
Fluid milk
Cheese _
Butter

LII

in which you deal:
GROUP V. POULTRY AND EGGS.—Check each of the following commodities
Eggs _
Poultry

Li

or oils, check here__
GROUP VI. FATS AND OILS.—If you deal in vegetable or animal fats

Li
H

eck each of the following commodities which
GROUP VII. COTTON SEED, PEANUTS, PALM KERNELS, COPRA.—Ch
you store or in which you deal:
Palm kernels..
Cotton seed
r I
Copra

Farmers' stock peanuts

If you are a (realer or elevator operator, or both,
GROUP VIII. GRAINS(WHEAT, RYE, CORN, OATS, BARLEY.)—
check accordingly.
NOTE.—If you deal in grain as a feed dealer only do not check here but in Group IX.
Grain dealer

LII

Elevator or warehouse operator..

feeding stuffs, check here
GROUP IX. FEEDS AND FEEDING STUFFS.—If you store or deal in feeds or

r7

for the handling of beans, check here.
GROUP X. BEANS (Elevator Operators).—If you operate an elevator or warehouse
ROUP XI. FRESH AND FROZEN FISH.—If you deal in fresh or frozen fish, check here
GROUP XII. MEATS.—If you deal in fresh or cured beef, pork, or mutton, check here

H

GROUP XIII. ROUGH RICE.—If you store or deal in rough rice, check here
check here
GROUP X IV. GREEN COFFEE.—If you are an importer, jobber, broker, or roaster of green coffee,
GROUP XV. MALT.—If you store malt or are a dealer in malt, check here_
, check here
GROUP XVI. SEEDS.—If you are dealing as a seedsman in any of the licensed food commodities
GROUP XVII. COLD-STORAGE WAREHOUSEMEN.
Public
ei-704


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Private

Combined public and private

3

MANUFACTURERS.
(INCLUDING MILLERS, MIXERS, AND PACKERS.)
NOTE.—Check as many squares as

necessary to cover ALL your business as a MANUFACTURER

Of

food

or feed

commodities.

GROUP I. MILLERS OF FLOUR AND OTHER FOOD PRODUCTS.
Do you conduct an independent jobbing department for the marketing of any part of your product?
Wheat flour miller

LI

Rye flour miller

Ti

Barley miller _

(Answer "Yes" or "No.")

Rice flour miller

Cornmeal (food) miller

Corn flour miller

Grits and hominy(food) miller[

Oatmeal, rolled oats, or oat flour
miller.

Rice miller..

GROUP II. FEED MILLERS AND MANUFACTURERS OF FEEDS AND FEEDING STUFFS.
NOTE.—If you manufacture feed only as a by-product of the milling of food products, DO NOT CHECK IN THIS GROUP.
Manufacturer or mixer of commercial feeds_

Feed grinder or miller _

GROUP III. MANUFACTURERS OF WHEAT OR RYE BREAKFAST CEREALS; ALIMENTARY PASTES.
Wheat or rye breakfast cereal manufacturer

Alimentary paste manufacturer

GROUP IV. SELF-RISING OR PANCAKE FLOUR MANUFACTURER
GROUP V. CANNERS.

[

Dried-bean canner

Salmon canner

Pea canner

Hominy canner

Tuna canner _

*Tomato canner

Sardine canner

Corn canner

EJ

*Includes tomato pulp, paste, and puree.

GROUP VI. MANUFACTURERS OF TOMATO PRODUCTS.
Manufacturer

Li

of tomato catsup

Manufacturer of other tomato products

GROUP VII. MILK MANUFACTURERS.
Evaporated milk _

Condensed milk

Powdered milk

GROUP VIII. DRIED-FRUIT PACKERS.
Dried prunes

Dried peaches___

Dried apples

Dried raisins

GROUP IX. PACKER OF CURED SALMON

--

GROUP X. FRESH-FRUIT PACKER

GROUP XI. PACKER OF FRESH, CANNED,OR CURED BEEF, PORK,OR MUTTON—LARD MANUFACTURERS
GROUP XII. MANUFACTURERS OF SUGAR, SYRUPS, MOLASSES.
Cane-sugar manufacturer
Cane-sugar refiner..
C1-764


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

I

Beet-sugar manufacturer
Molasses manufacturer

[
r

Syrup manufacturer
Syrup mixer _

L

4
MANUFACTURERS—Continued
GROUP XIII. MANUFACTURER OF CORNSTARCH, CORN OIL, OR GLUCOSE
GROUP XIV. CRUSHER OF OLEAGINOUS MATERIALS __________________________________________________________________________________ j
GROUP XV. MANUFACTURERS OF COOKING FATS AND OLEOMARGARINE—REFINERS OF VEGETABLE AND
ANIMAL FATS AND OILS.
Manufacturer of lard substitutes or cooking fats ____

LII

Refiner of vegetable or animal fats and oils
Manufacturer of oleomargarine or other butter substitutes.

GROUP XVI. COTTON GINNER

GROUP XVII. BUTTER AND CHEESE MANUFACTURERS.
Butter manufacturer

L

Cheese manufacturer

GROUP XVIII. MALTSTER

GROUP XIX. NEAR-BEER MANUFACTURER

LI

GROUP XX. PEANUT SHELLER OR CLEANER

Li

GROUP XXI. FROZEN, DRIED, AND DESICCATED EGGS.
Freezer of Eggs

1

GROUP XXII. CEREALENE FLAKES MANUFACTURER
e 1-764


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

I

Manufacturer of dried or desiccated eggs

5
After checking your activities on pages 2-4, please describe here your business in your own language
as completely as possible.

-

In the spaces provided below give the following information:
(1) If a corporation, give names and addresses of corporate officers and their official titles.
(2) If a partnership, give names and addresses of the members of the partnership.
(3) If an association, give names and addresses of officers or managing agents.
If the business is conducted by an individual only, these spaces need not be filled in.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Name__________________

Address

Name

Address
Name__________________________________________________________________________

Address

_________

6
On this page describe separately (use a separate section each time) all the places where you carry
on business.
If the spaces provided for the listing of your places of business are insufficient, give the additional
information on plain white paper, sign and return attached to this application.
A.
1. Location

(County.)

(Town.)

(Number and street.)

2. Describe plant

("Office," "Mill," "Elevator," "('old-storage Warehouse," etc.)

years,

3. Length of time in business at this point

months

5. Rated capacity (bbls. per 24 hours)

4. Storage capacity (bushels)

(Applies only to flour and meal wills.)

(Applies only to grain elevators or warehouses.)

B.
I. Location

(Town.)

(Number and street.)

2. Describe plant _

(County.)

(State.)

("Office," "Mill," "Elevator," "Cold-storage Warehouse," etc.)

months.

years,

3. Length of time in business at this point

5. Rated capacity (bbls. per 24 hours)

4. Storage capacity (bushels)

(Applies only to flour and meal mills.)

(Applies only to grain elevators or warehouses.)

C.
1. Location

(County.)

(Town.)

(Number and street.)

2. Describe plant

(State.)

("Office," "Mill," "Elevator,""Cold-storage Warehouse," etc.)

months.

years,

3. Length of time in business at this point

5. Rated capacity (bbls. per 24 hours)

4. Storage capacity (bushels)

(Applies only to flour and meal mills.)

(Applies only to grain elevators or warehouses.)

The statements and representations regarding the business of the applicant, as set forth in this
application, are, to the best knowledge and belief of the applicant, true and correct.

(Do not use typewriter for signature)


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Sign here

By
Look over your application carefully before you return it
BE SURE IT IS COMPLETE

7

PERSONS, FIRMS, CORPORATIONS, AND ASSOCIATIONS SUBJECT TO LICENSE.

July 27, 1918.
The President has from time to time issued proclamations requiring different classes of food manufacturers and handlers to
take out licenses.
A copy of the proclamation referring to any particular business will be furnished on request. Operation without a license
or after a license is revoked subjects the offender to a fine not exceeding $5,000, or to imprisonment not exceeding two years,
or both.
All persons, firms, corporations and associations are subject to license who are—
(1) Engaged in the business of operating cold-storage warehouses (a cold-storage warehouse being defined as any place artificially or mechanically cooled to or below a temperature of 45° above zero Fahrenheit in which food commodities are placed and
held for 30 days or more).
NOTE.—A person renting a room or rooms in a cold-storage warehouse is subject to license as a cold-storage warehouseman if the lessor has no control
over the goods stored therein.

Staple Commodities —Importers, Manufacturers, Distributors.
(2) Engaged in the business of importing, manufacturing (including milling, mixing, or packing), or distributing:
Wheat.
Rye.
Barley.
Rice (including brewer's rice and rice screenings).
Corn (including snap corn; excluding pop corn).
Oats.
Wheat flour (including graham flour, whole wheat
flour, gluten flour).
Rye flour.
Corn flour.
Barley flour.
Rice flour.
Mixed flours that consist chiefly of one or more
licensed flours, namely, wheat, rye, barley,
corn, or rice flour.
Oatmeal, rolled oats, and oat flour.
Corn grits, corn meal, and corealene flakes.
Hominy (including canned hominy).
Starch from corn, corn syrup or glucose, corn oil,
corn sugar, grape sugar.
Dried beans (including dried lima beans, soya
beans, pinto beans, velvet beans; excluding
castor beans).
Pea seed or dried peas.
Cotton seed.
Cottonseed oil, cottonseed cake, cottonseed meal,
cottonseed hulls.
Peanut oil, peanuts, peanut meal. (For the present
manufacturers and distributors of salted peanuts,
roasted peanuts, or blanched peanuts, and
manufacturers and distributors of confectionery
containing peanuts, will not be required to obtain
licenses.)
Oleomargarine, lard, lard substitutes, oleo oil, or
cooking fats (including butterine, cocoanut oil
butter, nut oil for cooking, edible tallow).

Milk, butter, or cheese (including buttermilk,
whey butter and cottage cheese).
Condensed,evaporated,or powdered milk(excluding
malted milk).
Frech, canned, or cured beef, pork, or mutton (including veal, lamb, ham, canned corn beef, chipped beef, dried beef, sliced bacon, whether in
containers or not; excluding the distribution of
beef juice, bologna, canned chili meat, corn beef
hash, deviled ham, lunCheon tongue, min& meat,
potted meats, sausage, scrapple, tripe, veal loaf).
Poultry or eggs, fresh or frozen (including dried
egg albumen or dried yolk, and canned eggs).
Fresh or frozen fish.
Fresh fruits or vegetables (including Irish or sweet
potatoes, lemons, oranges, berries).
Canned peas.
Canned dried beans (including canned pork and
beans and chili con came with beans).
Canned tomatoes (including tomato paste, pulp,
or puree).
Canned corn (including canned hulled corn and
canned hominy).
Canned salmon or sardines (domestic or foreign).
Dried prunes, apples, peaches.
Dried raisins (excluding dried black grapes and
currants).
Soya bean oil, soya bean meal, palm oil, palm
kernels, palm kernel oil, copra, and copra oil.
Sugar, syrups, or molasses (including raw, refined,
clarified, plantation washed, and open-kettle
sugar: sugar of milk; sorghum syrup; and excluding beverage or medicinal syrups and rock candy
syrup).
Malt.

Staple Commodities —Storing.
(3) Engaged in the business of storing:
Wheat.
Rye.
Corn.
Oats.
Barley.

Beans.
Rice.
Cotton seed.
Cottonseed cake.
Cottonseed meal.

Cottonseed hulls.
Peanut meal.
Malt. (Brewers of malt liquor who
do not malt their own grain do not
require a license for storing malt.)

commodities mentioned in section (2) or section (3) on an exchange or hoard of trade or similar institution as defined
NOTE.—Those dealing in any of the
by section 13 of the act of Aug. 10, 1917, are not subject to license to the extent of their dealings on such exchange or 1 oard of trade.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

8
Feeds.
(4) Engaged in the business of—
(a) Importing, storing, distributing, or manufacturing (including mixing and processing of all kinds) any commercial mixed
feeds (including dairy feeds, horse, and mule feeds, stock feeds, hog feeds, and poultry feeds).
(b) Manufacturing feeds from any of the fallowing commodities or importing, storing, or distributing any of the following
commodities asfeeds orfeed ingredients:
Peas.
Millet.
Buckwheat.
Milo.
Spelt.
Kaffir.
Lentils.
Cane seed.
Feterita.
Tankage.
Baled hay.
Malt sprouts.
Sunflower seed.
Linseed-oil cake.
Broom corn.
Dried distillers' grains.
Linseed-oil meal.
Baled straw.
Dried brewers' grains.
Cottonseed cake.
Grain and seed screenings.
Dried yeast grains.
Cottonseed meal.
Animal or fish products or byBaled alfalfa.
Cottonseed hulls.
products.
Beans.
Emmen
(c) Importing, manufacturing, storing, or distributing as feed any product or by-product of any of the following commodities:
Copra.
Sorghum grains.
Shelled corn.
Palm nut.
Rice.
Ear corn.
Palm kernel.
Grain and seed screenings.
Barley.
Sugar beets.
Soya beans.
Oats.
Alfalfa.
Velvet beans.
Wheat.
Straw.
Hay.
Rye.
Peas.
Sugar cane.
Peanuts.
Buckwheat.
Salt-water Fishermen.
(5) Engaged as salt-water fishermen, whether fishing independently or on shares, at any period of the year in the commercial
distribution, including catching and selling, of any and all varieties of salt-water fish, including menhaden, and of shellfish and
crustaceans.
NOTE.—A license is required to catch crawfish, crabs, scallops, clams, mussels, oyst3rs, shrimps, and lobsters, but is not required to catch turtles, terrapin
or whales. Salmon fishermen are required to operate under license.

Bakers.
(6) Engaged in the manufacture for sale of cake, crackers, biscuits, pastry or bread in any form, or other bakery products,
whose consumption of flour, meals, and substitutes in the aggregate is 3 barrels or more per month on an average throughout the
year.
Miscellaneous Food Commodities—Manufacturers.
(including packing):
manufacturing
of
(7) Engaged in the business
Near beer.
Alimentary paste.
Mild-cured, hard-cured, salted, dried, smoked,
Breakfast cereals and other products derived
pickled or otherwise preserved salmon.
from wheat or rye,
Canned tuna.
Tomato soup, tomato catsup, or other tomato
products.
Green Coffee—Importers and Distributors.
or distributing green coffee.
importing
of
business
the
in
(8) Engaged
following classes were subjected to license:
Persons,etc., importing green coffee, whether or not they roast it before disposing of it.
Wholesalers, jobbers, roasters, and all others who buy or otherwise deal in green coffee, whether or not they roast it before disposing of it.
Retailers who buy or otherwise deal in green coffee, Whether or not they roast it before disposing of it, whose total gross sales of all food or feed commodities
3xceed $100,000 a year.
Brokers.
sales of food or feed commodities
In other words, all persons, firms, corporations and associations who import, and all others (except retailers whose gross
Jo not exceed $100,000 a year), who buy or otherwise deal in or handle green coffee, are required to obtain a license.
NOTE.—The

Special Exceptions.
The following persons, firms, corporations, and associations are excepted from having licenses:
(a) Those doing a strictly retail business whose gross annual sales of all food commodities do not exceed $100,000 are not subject to license on their retail activities.

to make
N OTE.—A retailer (i. e., a person whose business is selling food commodities to individual consumers) is not required to obtain a license in order
feed commo'ales to hotels, restaurants, boarding house,hospitals,schools, and other large consumers of similar character, unless his total gross sales of food and
year.
a
$100.000
exceed
etc.,
restaurants,
hotels,
Sties to both indil idual consumers auu

(b) Common carriers as to the operations necessary to the business of common carriers.
(c) Farmers, gardeners, co-operative associations of farmers or gardeners, including live-stock farmers, and other persons, with
•espect to the products of any farm, garden, or other land owned, leased, or cultivated by them.
(d) Canners of peas, dried beans, corn, tomatoes, salmon, or sardines whose grass production does not exceed 500 cases per
tnnum, and all home canners and bona fide boys' and girls' canning clubs recognized by the Departments of Agriculture of the
3everal States in the United States.
(e) Manufacturers of maple syrup, maple sugar, or maple compounds.
(f) Ginners, buyers, ag'ents, dealers, or other handlers of cotton seed who do not handle more than 20 tons of cotton seed between
eptember 1 and August 31 in any given year.
determining whether such person is subject to license by
NOTE.—Cotton and that a person receives as rent or otherwise from a tenant must be included in
reason of his dealintz in or handling more than 20 tons of cotton seed a year.

(g) Persons slaughtering, packing, and distributing fresh, canned or cured beef, pork or mutton, whose gross sales of such
,!oramodities do not exceed $100,000 per annum.


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Ilk-1(
W


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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis