View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

(()  , or -e5 Pio Ode.t)c   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  PI 1 5c V44) gt- eV-ziz (-0 7w9 LdAtk 0.86r) J  L r,(2ç 1?Crie-re-  1-K0144tAda..,7 4 ttiLd  tt4.4AWitUrreili  ilhatA„).,  MAIM  NM  ‘ k2/44,  Of SIMART /0 110002/SIAL iiA04totitt laic MORAL ifiAniliga  To relic treskterters iss40 essinisat %sr Senor Polieise Board: The Goomittoe 04 Relation of Allitorly to Iodostriol moompovort to S taking up the *motions implied in *Onion voloott000l tovioios door.. not is my odeinistretivo or sae with* immosity, boat solely "pith tho vim et torsolatiog Wider sod roomosodatioso as to eserdimatims osietimg siemelos,  or the srastias  mor ammo &weld that booms meeeessfy, All et this is  dirested Ward vadorimis if posaisio# *ems eseietemao to the traimims mod Dilution Wyllie* of tho Labor apperbmsebe shift is ehargod sith this meet  Imputes% *ad dittioalt avoids" embed torso,smtivitiee• es to the re4era1 ilseed car voighlonal Wootton tobigh is dhempei mitb the doty et giving saes. flail rOlosellitotton truiniog to tho disabled awe rotermed from the ~vise  sod is :lee earl/tog as 4~4 vooatiosel trukoiles. As lase stated to the °Metal Bulletin of 101008$ 14. 19114 * Oesciitio it Leber. Advisory Oemmieeiem of the Gasmen of Mottemoi $etemee, if shish Mr, Semmel tempers ts obeirmem, there is * OW,OkOrtnol, Of stilled kWh emd those lona skilled *Meld be trained assets till skilled SOW, mei Om  iiu.  Ow  seed* tor  oeld be trebled to Isle the plows et theme  minim' op, Is the verb reimirisg the Mika, degrees ef ekilli sed t001114 be 01,441,41 *odor prow ewe and ocrtiftesdftisas The Gomoitboo om Rotation of military too Smdmeirial Iftwasior is.  is the pesus. softer, sameermed primarily vith way AMA trsimimi. as di0410001Mho5 Erse wok treisime ee is oemdMelei maw the direction if the Osemittoe as ilikaattes amd ipseial Training tibidig reporter to Os samonil Wan,   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  out  leitg-tas. Atolls for tXto to:00044 needs el tite Aron trainee  tho  ebteinted lw the aenolittee OR  nen ira the fooroine to skiptlopant tt*  filamoificAtion ervii Potruminak *Mott raport* to th4 Atattsetk ihousrAl. erlyilthrl  tortpritfkistotro  rAntag, ohm 14 to ot4rdistatod with Oust moo* of  th* *bow* mentioned Otawittost ond 1Pa'io4.14, witJ the 001,4040 rmAustriA tho Orditentto Depokrtionati eith 14* rovIoat 1.4 Of  WA. A0„4044414t  certifyillg  Airleoth Softies of 0.14 Wile  MA. 71,,4 tmduttriO0 Abor4  04001,41 014  %hot Siardom  optiti,ttaw 1.04ri 4lat 44,•11,-A Ihrimegtti Notion,  tear gourio.alg  waretoo,un  rrtio goitintias arrimmumnia otteseto•  er ore pireesting  imaok ott otiviliortk trelninfg own  StillitWILIMaitattrL,,,LTIV441,;t4- 4.. 0,L.1.110..SaelaztiAtattlaistl  with  flltu*L21  litd etin of AvALst 11,•1  tho Off  . Anoord'ing 114 the statesontit la4.4/4043  Ininatrial Us:131,1u *ray  act iri.tto froositiointi edinotion I* stifteral. It has covhstAlVoimi  irTA-1.4ias  *0404  tv0  MO  tleation  training* the t1441,rtiAta  .4e444tatIone throughorta th.0 oetuot  ttr tus Aot  Irir  the eateblisikeent of  t tenoltel  towhee.* for grooki ilutjtset,ss. Arty ohs...  44010tAno* prtrridivi for in this (tot   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  th, 441;boniutor* two)  .  ti110 ~raw. Otitis' to, ebtain the tistansi&I  mitt, t000kt tho provisiern of the Ant mad  civet* & nat. Word to ootforal; to *4-1.1 (tc, bo  *met *K4  part mkfr. this salaries et to4i4horo  or.„':-3**  soriava turo.1,tratle, industrici *rA hang :Er Li t  oeorifrermilag with branait  I vat ot aOtt0,  *tr.:roved riesuory  to eeet.rezoits %with thia  testi  swidremooki gouritiom wanntroletuterto  aotalida*Litiatiltitr...Ztte aro.-  A4)&1Airtis  etiento4e offort ara &mar1Iri  vri:A 14446 14%.404.  *Ton'IVO• labor. ** for irit anal yot  ti*Oti  the &  T4.44orld Zourd, soli oust iitegkoo"0 plane  tof tho rattor4.1 Doikr4) oho'NtrAe fewnetly *at freentien&I tollinet4ion  - 3 It proposes to ' ,Amy eat, mad mast oontribute an aunt at mootow oloAd to quit contributed by the Yederftl Board under tha Act; sn4 the edmeatlen is to he 4ven Ls schools or slusseo under publts supervision or euntrul ( but thaw ray La tInIss. such supmrvision or control at private plants), the State or -witty provillag the plant ami squitusat.  The oia4060 glietAg InstrMo*  _n to thew, ohs haw* not sallarod oplorasat, suet astsibit ovate -Mao :uanths per yew sad net loos thatt.  y upen jp.or we, but Ws anyb  adifiod to  afoot loval arosisi the Schools or elsoses for pi/Stotts* lastirset Ion tor workers yr  teertitok ruin of age, vas bare enteral 10.:on staplopasnt o most be for not  Isom this 144 brays of olasameasa Lastraotioa per yeses and thare war be arming tadiastrial sdbools. She looloral loan Vqp.Its that, at the aloes of it• timbal yowl siding Ova* Wit Dili The 46 ata4 have *114444•4 the seep arsties.e6sesee-4 : -— ease. Instkipmbailding UV* 114101 eatillbU"ad UNA 11 states, Tossiter training slassos have been ostablishoti In 46 states. 11/010noi in argirtCutivirs hors boas sot up in 41 tastes. In trate aid latu.strisl sahjeets In39 states. The following shows the mother of seheolo In laid& sourisea ais ororattor, In suss of the States, bat thy are Is others also Airtaallocol liassambasettA itio York Pannitrlvastia Califernis. DiAlasse Mosisolppl  Mime  bode mad  11111101m.... SS 69 12 37 34  69 6  131 14  al  3  1  Also, the 003sith.gosts Mot*, SpitpreVai hm. V, 1910, shtsh Is iNsrt• lak  as the evaosttonal Ishatilitation At*, vests in the Podoral law& the  of tavalehlag * worse of vseettenel rehabilitation t4 emery disabled poreen attar disobsarapoi tires the milltarr or weal fore**, is entitled to saupeasatt under the *at •f Motobar flo 147 meading the Wet Risk Insursame   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  11*  °•:,,.!  on4 414 1.4 is144114.0 1st Ch* *1 Intun of that 70Martil Boor4, to r*ww04, !A C4r, 4r ttit rohaVOlt;Ittor, onah mon receive* oonthly  tomftiNkt/-r. Dbringth* Oerwci ,o Ch* t  ' 1 74 ,  Ift*uranco  r  •  A‘t,  wwwAnt (, 41 At$  Pirflinitt 14 voll otiki  it* -And  nomprittar;  4014  Th0 liNtige  rish40,1Y1.1:,,A44 ;-.0.rons,  Alb* t  r  ro 4r  Mg. et t  'Att.  1.44n41, for  mihs wa44  Ube *now satiter na  An  AA Can inglibti  fkionta  rovib4* for Uwe Aneopant  or Aboda,,,.s  ,4114X  Avg, lr ropri4tod,  inotruc.tor , ‘r4:ersi1 ing *velum  ;WY  and  hatI cr. rot I.', hi,00 urstalmA otettrisse  dierttliftri mans t  Olt eid s tar tote flow  titot rjrit  4 suren  I-44W** 010 041*tamit sin4 A114,44n44  Aiak taimagnaite ast  41h1 t tot rKi  4414  b* fontit I *4 under the 'Isr at  lokinhavve 14 tn* Arfwktor; on4 Lw tho eft** of  04tIlatod mon Amin (11.441,Armid, hia tArAIL  noliontssur:„/  sot manth ' for 'Liu  ,'icntht?'  t,noki  43  y raitAbii ttoted  4,0t IOWA thOti  1,,ri  si  forltpuivw,  th,7, volsw,s,vnita trstirtifir  rftrorkrie  ong, , .1) 1 pAtAt::.  r,.1tt  twv b *trig  *torropAirtt ,tiffarion eta in  anomly t fratiroistar As ire  livildr ft*Psietirf, WW1  of Cia 1**Ston en tnimatr141 training of time Commit of Uttsnai, Damns*, mmA  st Uks Ommodites  lannotton aral 3poostAt  Ibutiossa eibusettost ter tho  Ain, 1.0a. newt* er17, thts tatrw. LW,  asA of Oa Oerpo  Lb*  end atter•wir irivoirsaintes, this bits.  *I tk* Veriera1 abar4 or lbestimmed among/on looth la its prommt fork  to c4irkAiratioll AU the sivorol stakes msd ALso to Ito rOhObilitatton molk. Of mune.  basediat* Isomposity  matte. MA so, plot diartivid, tar tbek purr*** aibm&A  opitioakto  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  tail  rovidiO get tha vat raysfire.  ft*  be so hue* tok to Iwo  aool sow. PAIIMINSIAna admix of  latitilighlrill 4014  kba tadiesSiblim  in eider not it  :;. .rwrIdo  1%t1.13! (IN • n1700-41  get t  ("utec 011:4,444,  .S314v$r-v ,,d in t,..11$  tmestor ao - -7 be p***01.0 ter the it rmanoopoister smilable tor weft vett  The, r,visrAl loori. for " tional ZADooettoot is the WI edating %wow *Lek we ivlis fat% *rived a/Atm atia  a  Koos enitable ter eftirrque eat any  trotistud. It is dharge4  oselpirdietotoo esoostiestal  the lap with the  enty it vtevtddinst SNP the voseStond vM itatios at titarbitat soioktars orki *Wore, as4 it kik& alreses eetatlished, its t:sehardia, Aft& is new sorking it the stat as tt,  .4rorotion %IVA the 144o* thessooliree„ tor gieneral vesoctionoi  agineatt',on or *Wilmer gee training contuated Istiar the ettrestion it the Todar4 bard hos the 04sroottego thst it is, to on *INA oslismat osollsotoitliy the dates sat thei local oossrusities, ma this oiseset fon to solo the training Aar* or  4ftiVgatam4AN  AVVaar  an* more, genarmill Marts& thon it tt *aro ossilitotoci  44POO*44 OVAVAllAy trat04 41141111Atan,  or A4re lett te hiappliall may tit isolated, firokroblogly the itstimattlso  46,rtia11y Toil in oast* lottolittioo, but not gonarea170 histot by the 41roatibell  daimatistit by eehoelos • in Prillos* Plants, bat thfir rOlkar* earl  ma.  -rehmitettl, pronerly And o,.dfrostiively b, serrlati on Ups otiose i! to knave first. smi. from/to tire, 'bore tbo. •ohorto4e of laireir agioste, be awl diet Mat tor law Ike *aro stooltad.. The tr Using iyork asot otivitAkoly Of course, no tro.lnino;  oamilas644 litth the sposttio soofie tit its.. ?hove eresifis hootts as now knovom. in port $ to the Isdhotrts3 Iroiflowth Division is the office of this Atijaliont Clonord s in port is the /Fir bilustrties loss*, isitA, in parts to the 0,011,1101syrient Sorirloo, Mao lest moot swig alroody he. an ispesbm list of the asti11.4 requirommito tor ovirtimmt olass000 if 0111.4 Ister tot vo.rifv•ig Ae4ttt.. mitt   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  for it* ago toseimmitt= ,Maamehmates for o talaing  inelbswg0 Urn is Wog  avita Vho Imeresold i\nd PmrtaraIPtIM4,mo4 to this warA It is to ssearsillo ottotints vontrese iffta" toftstriests 3,047d smut its atigtotital Diroctants ISM tams ser trains lists esat flonti SAO* LON att48144 mthilicl Plead it.67 taw for wee time inp 1,1m -halt neitlii be ;,tovimed. ries„ to a Vie orator a tatrodoaing lemon iseriter3 into ',Uo indoot eater sm. low Anarsa plan offlisAar sagislit theist kat proset. mot, of aeou.„41, of sat only t.ho auesse AiSertett. ANA tais inv,114110 & sonoitterez ion tbtut , rates of pay, **** 16146 *ewes ow do bet itIona of hourt, shift* fignitablo tronetertation end laming tastlit.iss  ii tor sotrospatiosis„ essowinit that non sat gem* lialuk boon vrdnak  eftt.  *As natter  rLt istuittione.  1•141Isior thaw itik fakitidge  as mar conbilthilo  4.406) IMAM  imomrtaiiiminq,  least  thy me Uwe bob* itati4 ia offoottitelz as  Ibis* in beth at tbiar imps emoolao or heisig aoplo7.4 soot be pravidiat tor. ihrplopsmot irierviao the U. eisitastl!, is eithis the aeops at this plots at AIM it Omen to the imiostries, as it siraposes to with rsterftes to the otfeetime vas of the esseliso to amply labor to only those pleats wad* auks to frairPlawitat the workers limo thy mire*,Imre. Bei Om* *Pasta Pa" • dool4 be sidaptoi lossasometlea i4th the liar ouk at the aphopamot Mt IMO to be roskortrias kW* i2 Airestaa tomtit following iv the nun tralarat SSP the ismituotrieo. thee sue" lt isiiiierstsoct thM, t,he rogiiikthIll.In *NM piammorille iag digpertespit, oommtlieturer 1111.4.rbw MO or oar* peraellol soot osiftsin a train centromets,igicluutos are thms the 7/eakisk aliaistry of ihnitionosimpolion„ in Its a oemaihok oind3met reqpiiromott. Itirthar, it is vaisreteett   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  rnra,  in  It  4041104 Mt employ chsViata presorlhat perestikades of titiArt4 esabsott provisiase at this s Otttie toosimeo the t  11.1011. aillablattIr4.0 Ore  r-  that  446 mh•ariater will  114  ov  reflabi to be seseeetter, if the  3itakiatil4110 /1071&  ~sited. la this water ationc Ow un.. horatiaatter ea the basis of oansferiecte * net rat Aar of t.forttloing mil Dlrose .of the Cermittete but oleo A4th W. Clayton, emir WWII= th. several ambers , Mos iles ifloesis„ Dirsstor ter of the livisieet ef TrateInit eat Abair* ethers of the U. 11. larstlesseet Ilervioe, aft= in teoleetry *aryl**, Mrs, ligaiie lea this (holoittope if tits Mr. litnalow of the Iftirilarel roimorimilo ls4 *be. 4210, t the, Di,i*MI* at Traladag gait riallttea brakedia ttio the laciratelos Sun owl tire Wit taw ciwa TI.2.Ihrlor-orm Sorel**, to the the tatoniation new in thole poesessies as bleatirila r106" aitalien orol sematitiest sad id* this rip rfith the prose* shortediee of Woe la the iser the oal that the islitair sew iseuktielely aelleirel learn tor Irsoatimit 111/Matima to 1o4gemattlas, with the Aatiss amass* tor trabelog moo isgelpgroxisa iema plums where the ebittese add*. aling Om lbws of the mole is the istr ifiesbilag out at ether Maas swy be Joao WS 4004, vottbout isattioli to: the .4faiuk4 be egotism* MI alaiotaa orag isst ^ of theassigato Ass, the ebtalisbit of gagli ttem to taw Lebo Ile Ash the Wicior4 116:44 tram Larzy ataftwirst if firaptibule gelisalos akar tits Ilmo 1  a. aisi ars soug  ghigh 11111.0 irest 1.41410***y t4O Sedtt  latiantriat Ilasilolag of the cemeekil  i of ?minims ma Illtkoliest, is 11/4tlegoa Wm.he ogattami by As Diviatos gral be4 ffir abosiummiti iihimasma *raw to simplaint the wait of Oka Ibmi of training he those imetaseeo owl aloe is *raw to prortito fel" thoortort areetsee ioablo for fitting sash aim* red sere ilikeerolare ~see am be appl le tholes* tealeami, pereies for special see /seek met rotosirteg s sore 7 "'"--A.Aat k a Maple Sot the Irtivlsies et Ihneleing eat althetkies aerealis 7141AA'als sough *ltb malloolgo for imp*/ eloo4y sod agootattlyis aseliholo of the Petharal bard toe W the sitivitieo god  L   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  040.  lbcetiatel  *ti.  M.rith the lasittee on lidmeedieme sad apeelei traiaias  ant the Corps &thetas, mei with the Seesion or trutootriol Trsluta& of the Chemeil of ITAttieaLl DeIMMO, IA foliar tolukt the varies& lines of training ow be oeerdisetied, sad 0o) with the U. S.libplaysent Servien and with the War industries Board sad it. eertifying officer nut the tedestrial ifterien* Seeties of the office of the kijutent Gaseral„ sad with the District offices V' the Ordemen Department, In orever th4 the floods for miens cissees of workers in the vexing. allimatitios Sig eesetently be haves elm tho training week ece sefeetively be directed toward meettag the specific asodei tout (e) iwith the Maw 1st raduetry Serviee if ths DONMOM of Woes eat the Illbastie Seetien of the U. S. Ihiplepestst Service, in order thAt the rectnisa. mats of toemon weritore air be seeertedited ali Ma. 4. 11164  the Division of training erA Dihstien, inaeoperaties with  r44guetAlf UM. 441.4ift:tt.  the eeeemeirailiemests-See44meriemoloiessoihebeveg, seoertsin for kilast eineees of leek wow air effectively sad preperir be soplared,  t the arrows for their  tr"intn: them* tha Poderal Beard for ItxcaIiensil Warsatiaft and the *vestibule sehools*. 5. Tha t the Division of !mining sad Dibstiest. in ofseporeltiest with the U. So lissigneidt Service, the glikr ladastries least sad the Tederal 'sera AxteAkti4., tiamel l'entalas, abtemd to the Acatag in the indlsetriceof tho for icei weasel %he ;. ase bees tatelool, said MI*"iv the Ion* dyes to Ora to ite of to 000 this& %bar me ),eing omp1o7e4 affiettfely mn4 improper ourromeolings. bk ire  ter ae oenceras sows; thio aim diseld hadiets in ceeparstlea viith the  Owen in Soiettior Serwlion sad the Stiking Gouttit Use genus., afA4 wittk the NUNS  inspoctets of the Ihmi lepoisiarA eat the lbw limpavisaits if ma  ilasperiesig arc 4.010411.  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  444.  or, 3. That this ler industries board. through notional Instructors /,,, '.':'o .A1 t 0 ',tot' , A ye'j, ; or,k4 ,t 11A H. AJo,4),A 00041C 41abor in the assortaisimg" in ***perste only Otherebet sot I, 7-ey 'iirti'riii;,;:i laptios upon the ia. a essupations sod sommunities, but aim vrious dustries tho nesessity et adeptisg or sooporsting is vosational training either through Ostoels established by the joint lotion of the legal sea'sr through mitt*** end the Moral hoard of %Rational &Wootton "vestibule *shoals" in their ova plant.; cad impress upon them else the assessity of intredusing mosso workors and the establishment at tonditisse suitable for their employmont.to #?,,•  I') i  1;110  /  This Committoe iollevos that the teragting plea has the advan. tops that it may imegatelv be put Late West, that it utilises existiag ogeneios and rioquiroo the treaties of as sow *mos and that it provides met  only for isteasiwo vsr teeming but also ter trainiag at a more 'ornament ant thorough eharnfter.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  •  T7NTATIVE MEMORANDUM ON PRICE CONTROL  The interest of the Mir Labor Pclicies Board in price stabilization grrias out of to tict that failure to stabilize prices results in (1) iniustri-a unrest ard (2) renders difficult the stanlIrdization of wages!is to (1)  Industrial Unrest Thc balief th,11, winufc,uL.Lsers and producers are making excessive  profits has been founi to result in unrest and dissatisfaction among the worker. Tlie British Commissioa on Industrial Unrest :.pointed in 1917 found that food prices and profiteering were the two main causes of unrest in Great Britain and that tne actual Increase in the cost of living did not apTear to be so important a factor in the workers' mind as tae beli trat profiteering existed. In a memorIndum Crum Robert P. Skinner, American Consul Gqfleral at London, to Secretary L3n4ing, ':.ated September 7, 1917, is foaad the followl0g.  ;ht he reriarked that "It mi4!  drastic control of prices  exercised witqin the last few days grew out of tie investigltion of numerous labor difficalties tIlr0:44hout the caantry.  The general opinion  of authorities seems to be that tne original causes of these difficulties is t:le upw rd move .lot of prices of necessities of life, and especially the o,rofitenring of Tidilemen." The Division of Conciliation of tne United State's Department of Labor in its report for the week ending August 10, said, that strikes were most numerous in t e plces where cot of living was te (lighest. TnAustrial Unrest - The Report of the Commissioner, July, 1917 -   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Collated and Epitomized by Sir William C.,ance.  The Report of the Federal Trade Co—Ission on Profiteering and subtLitLed to the Report of the TreAsury Department on Corporate Earnin6s 1918 has conthe Senate in response to the Senate Resolution of June 1, vinced a very lArge public that prices are unnecessarily high and that and of the the manuf cturer Is profiteering at tie cost of the government general public. Attached is a statement  (Exhibit A) prepared from the Treasury  Report giving the Aghest, lo -set anl average net earnings in the most important iniustries afCecting cost of living. ed The demand of the labor press that profiteering be controll of prices finds its justifil'Aion in these reports and in the analysis made by t%ie Bureau of Labor Statistics. A tabular statement prepared by t - is Bureau showing variations in the wholesale prices of food, cloth and clothin, fuel  light,  of focd stuffs ani household furnishings and changes in the retail prices since January, 1917, is attached figures is illuminating.  (Exhibit B).  An analysis of these  From the index numbers it Nill be noted that  tie wxlesale prics of food stuffs mere at t,leir hi?-,h,.)st point in May, 1917, but the retail prices of the same articles have advanced 10% since that date.  Prices of fuel and light &Ave fluctuated around the price  of January, 1917.  Cloth and clothing have soarei in price doring t .e  last yE,!ar and a half, the figures somin.:, a 44% increase in July, 1218, over Why, 1917.  Household furnishing goods rose in price during 1917,  but seem to have reached a taGporAry level in January, 1918.  The Retail rice* prepared for the comparable.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  These  other commoliti s are not  -.3-  es that the government facts the worker knows as a purchaser and conclud and to the workers to is failing in an important obligation to itself stabilize prices.  Relation to Waco, Standardization nt as to The value of price stabilization for securing agreeme At present anticipation on the part of manu-  standard .'zags is obvious.  production will be facturers that the cost of labor and/taw material in their demands all possible much higher, leads each to attempt to cover in and imaginary increqses.  Rising prices al- pear to t'qe worker and to the  for an increase in public as a legitimate reason for continual demands wages.  Re-adjustifient of wage staadarAs will be necessary as crlditions  for re-adjustments will change but if prices are not critrolled demands the efforts of t-le Board be so fre uent as to reAer largely ineffective at standardization.  In the words of Lord Rhondda "if prices in relation  c, and social - on to wages are too high the factors - moral, economi prosecution of the war depends, become sources cf danger to  which  the nation.  Dis,louragement, loss of working power, and enmity toward  the state may all result." * The Trade Union Congress of Great Britain meeting in annual the Govconvention, passed a res;dutirm by vneral asseut urging upon the purchase ernment t'As "necessity of immediate steps being taken for eering of by tie Government, of all essential food stuffs, the command for "waste, ships, the cortrolling of freights and all home products."  Interview with Lord Rhondda sent to the New York Tribune, July nod Administration Library. ILM.S. 16, 1917.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  advances are of no service if the Goat of living rises so continuously.n A similar but loss drastic resolution was passed by the Conference of Lepreaentati e, of the International Labor Organizations or a., June, 1q17." Cand  Hoe_t  :iaLscQ2AuvPx-Lsivja_Assash_ta The Commissioner of Labor Statistics in a letter of August 29th to the President calls attention to the possibility and usefulness of price cont:ol  s exemplifed by the deevease in Vile weoleeale erice of  food and the stabilization of the price of fuel, as compared with the great increase in the price of cloth and clothing.  He urges upon the  Preaident the appointment of u Clothing and Testile Administrator to deal with the 'latter situation. The adviability of sup orting tee recoimendation of Dr. Meeker resolves itself into a question of increasing the number of price fixing agencies.  Such an ateinistrator could not be appointed witnout legis-  lative action, and if further power to control prices is to be granted by Congress, it might be advisable to give that power tg a sinele agency or at leest to an agency noe in existence, rateer than to create a new one te control a limited number o  ccmmoditiee.  Whether price stabilization sa.1 be accomplished by lieiting profits, by restricting or prohibitin  particular operatiaes, or by  taking over p.rt of the mechinery of distribution, can hest be decided by tne a4encies entrusted  vith the poeer of control.  49th Annual Report of the Trad Union Congress, Ehgla.d, September 7, 1917. *5  6th Annual Report of tne Labor Organizations in Canada, 1917. lished by the Deeartment of Labor. Oanada, June, 1917.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Pub-  -5-  It is for us to call their attention to the close relationship existing between price stabilization and wage stabiliation and leave to them the determination of the methods to be pursued.  In view of the urgency of the situation it is recommended that tion : tqe War Labor Policies Board adopt the following resolu   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  WHEREAS the War Labor Policies Board has approved, the policy of wage stabilization and WHEREAS the full success of this policy is dependent upon price stabilization and the elimination of profiteering and WHEREAS neither price stabilization nor the elimination of profiteering is a fully accomplished fact. THEREFQRE BE IT RESOLVED that the War Industries Board and the Food Administration be urged to take such measures as in their judgment would be necessary tc stabilize prices of food, cloths and clothing and household furnishing goods, and to eliminate profiteering.  •  Exhibit A  MANUFACTTRI'`JG Cotton  Hignest 32.05  Lowest 16.01  Simple Average ZL.85  Wool and Worsted  91.53  9.60  41.72  Gr-,.y and Brown Un finished Sneeting  1;:5.32  15.05  3;2.43  68.92  5.80  Silk Natural and Artifialal  19.58  Garinents  277.0G  4.39  28.89  Hosiery and Knit Goole  144.26  7.48  30.16  House Furnishing Goods  40.48  5.80  19.59  158.98  6.58  27.63  Mixed Farming  112.44  15.02  30.68  Grain Growing  41.08  1.56  17.92  121.67  i."f5  29.94  265.81  15.13  30.48  Dewtment Stores  104.70  c.?8  25.51  Jobbers *  165.88  6.49  33.93  Roots and Shoes  AGRICULTURE  Fruit ..und VegetAle GrowinF FOOD PRFP.P_RATIONS Flour,Feed and Grist ',tills  TRADING  Ln aosiery and knit goods, garolent manufacturing, flaar, feed and grist mills, department stores, and jobbers, the average is for ninety firm taken at random.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  A  I Exhibit B  4  d c °thing, household Index numbers of wholesale price of foci, c1oh prices of fnod in the l retai of furnishing goods, fuel nnd 1ihting, ani 1918. July, United States from January 1, 1917, to May or Taken from unpublished reports of the Bureau of Labor Statista aid t-43 Monthly Labor Review for July, 1918.  (1913  u  100)  (Thp initials W= Wholesalq:_R 7 Ilctal),) : Houcehold : Fuel and : Food : Cloths : furnishing : lic7htin7 ing Cloth : Year and Month: goods • W W :.. , : : W Yi : : : 1917 : 170 : 128 : 161 : 150 : January 178 : 129 • . 162 : 160 : February 181 : 129 163 , : 1 61 : MArch 178 : 151 169 • . : 182 : April 187 . 151 ' 173 : : 191 : May 193 : . 18? 162 179 : . June . 183 . : 165 . 18? 180 . July 159 : 165 193 • • 180 . . August . 155 : 165 : 193 . 179 : Sept.e.hr . . 165 143 : 191 . 183 . October : 175 : 151 302 . • /84 . November : 175 • . 153 206 • • 185 . . December . . 1918 January Febru,iry March. April May June July   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  : : : : : : . • :  . . : ; : : : : : : : : .  Food :  R 128 133 133 145 151 152 146 149 153 157 155 157  : : . • : : • . : : : . : • •  :  :  •• 188 18? 178 179 178 180 185  : : • . • . : : : :  209 213 220 230 234 243 249  : : • . • • : . • : . .....?..._  188 188 188 188 188  : : : : :  169 171 171 170 171  : : : : . . : .  160 151 154 154 158 162 167  : : : : : : : :  NATIONAL WAR LABOR BOARD WILLIAM H. TAFT - FRANK P. WALSH Joint Chairmen  REPRESENTING EMPLOYERS  LOYALL A. OSBORNE C. E. MICHAEL W. H. VAN DERVOORT   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  FRANK J HAYES W. L. HUTCHESON THOMAS J. SAVAGE VICTOR A. OLANDER  B. L. WORDEN F. C. HOOD  REPRESENTING LABOR  W. JETT LAUCK, SECRETARY  Proclamation of the President of the United States Creating the National War Labor Board  Its Functions and Powers Principles Governing Industry Method of Presenting Complaints and Procedure  WASHINGTON 1918  T. A. RICKERT   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  A PROCLAMATION Whereas in January, nineteen hundred and eighteen, the Secretary of Labor, upon the nomination of the president of the American Federation of Labor and the president of the Industrial Conference Board, appointed a War Labor Conference Board for the purpose National of devising for the period of the war a method of labor adjustment which would be acceptable to employers and employees; and Whereas said board has made a report recommending the creation for the period of the of a National War Labor Board with the same number of members as, and to be selected by war the same agencies that created, the War Labor Conference Board, whose duty it shall be to adjust labor disputes in the manner specified, and in accordance with certain conditions set forth in the said report; and Whereas the Secretary of Labor has, in accordance with the recommendation contained in the report of said War Labor Conference Board dated March es, 1918, appointed as members of National War Labor Board Hon. William Howard Taft and Hon. Frank P. Walsh, representa the of the general public of the United States; Messrs. Loyal! A. Osborne, L. F. Loree, W. H.tives Van Dervoort, C. E. Michael, and B. L. Worden, representatives of the employers of the United States; and Messrs. Frank J. Hayes, William L. Hutcheson, William H. Johnston, Victor A. Olander, and T. A. Rickert, representatives of the employees of the United States: Now,therefore,I, WOODROW WILSON,President of the United States of America, do hereby approve and affirm the said appointments and make due proclamation thereof and of the following for the information and guidance of all concerned: The powers,functions, and duties of the National War Labor Board shall be to settle by mediation and conciliation controversies arising between employers and workers in fields of productio n necessary for the effective conduct of the war, or in other fields of national activity, delays and obstructions in which might, in the opinion of the National Board, affect detrimentally such production; to provide, by direct appointment, or.otherwise, for committees or boards to sit in various parts of the country where controversies arise and secure settlement by local mediation and conciliation; and to summon the parties to controversies for hearing and action by the National Board in event of failure to secure settlement by mediation and conciliation. The principles to be observed and the methods to be followed by the National Board in ing such powers and functions and performing such duties shall be those specified in the saidexercisreport of the War Labor Conference Board dated March 29, 1918, a complete copy of which is hereunto appended. The National Board shall refuse to take cognizance of a controversy between employer and workers in any field of industrial or other activity where there is by agreement or Federal law a means of settlement which has not been invoked. And I do hereby urge upon all employers and employees within the United States the necessity of utilizing the means and methods thus provided for the adjustment of all industrial disputes, and request that during the pendency of mediation or arbitration through the said means and methods, there shall be no discontinuance of industrial operations which would result in curtailment of the production of war necessities. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done in the District of Columbia, this eighth day of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred an4 eighteen, and of the independence of the United States the one hundred and forty-second. [SEAL.] WOODROW WILSON. By the President: ROBERT LANSING, Secretary of State.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  3   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  FUNCTIONS, POWERS AND DUTIES OF THE BOARD The functions and powers of the National War Labor Board are as follows: To bring about a settlement, by mediation and conciliation, of every controversy arising between employers and workers in the field of production necessary for the effective conduct of the war. To do the same thing in similar controversies in other fields of nationa obstructions in which may, in the opinion of the National Board, affect l activity, delays and detrimentally such production. To provide such machinery, by direct appointment or otherwise, for the selection of committees or boards to sit in various parts of the country where controve rsies arise, to secure settlement by local mediation and conciliation. To summon the parties to the controversy for hearing and action by the National Board in case of failure to secure settlement by local mediation and conciliation. If the sincere and determined effort of the National Board shall fail to bring about a voluntary settlement and the members of the board shall be unable unanimously sion, then and in that case and only as a last resort an umpire appointed in to agree upon a decithe manner provided in the next paragraph shall hear and finally decide the controversy under simple rules of procedure prescribed by the National Board. The members of the National Board shall choose the umpire by unanimous vote. Failing such choice, the name of the umpire shall be drawn by lot from a list of ten suitable ested persons to be nominated for the purpose by the President of the United States. and disinterThe National Board shall hold its regular meetings in the city of Washington, with power to meet at any other place convenient for the board and the occasion. The National Board may alter its methods and practice in settlement of controversies hereunder from time to time as experience may suggest. The National Board shall refuse to take cognizance of a controversy between employer and workers in any field of industrial or other activity where there is by agreeme nt or Federal law a means of settlement which has not been invoked. The place of each member of the National Board unavoidably detained from more of its sessions may be filled by a substitute to be named by such member attending one or as his regular substitute. The substitute shall have the same representative character as his principa The National Board shall have power to appoint a secretary and to create suchl. other clerical organization under it as may be in its judgment necessary for the discharge of its The National Board may apply to the Secretary of Labor for authority to useduties. the machinery of the Department in its work of conciliation and mediation. the action National Board may be invoked, in respect to controversies of The within its jurisdiction, by the Secretary of Labor or by either side in a controversy or its duly authori zed representative. The board, after summary consideration, may refuse further hearing if the case is not of such character or importance as to justify it. In the appointment of committees of its own members to act for the board matters, and in the creation of local committees, the employers and the workersin general or local shall be equally represented. The representatives of the public in the board shall preside alternately at successi ve sessions of the board or as agreed upon.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  5   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  PRINCIPLES AND POLICIES TO GOVERN RELATIONS BETWEEN WORKERS AND EMPLOYERS IN WAR INDUSTRIES FOR THE DURATION OF THE WAR  THERE SHOULD BE NO STRIKES OR LOCKOUTS DURING THE WAR RIGHT TO ORGANIZE. The right of workers to organize in trade-unions and to bargain collectively through chosen representatives is recognized and affirmed. This right shall not be denied, abridged, or interfered with by the employers in any manner whatsoever. The right of employers to organize in associations of groups and to bargain collectively through chosen representatives is recognized and affirmed. This right shall not be denied, abridged, or interfered with by the workers in any manner whatsoever. Employers should not discharge workers for membership in trade-unions, nor for legitimate trade-union activities. The workers, in the exercise of their right to organize, shall not use coercive measures of any kind to induce persons to join their organizations nor to induce employers to bargain or deal therewith. EXISTING CONDITIONS. In establishments where the union shop exists the same shall continue, and the union standards as to wages, hours of labor, and other conditions of employment shall be maintained. In establishments where union and nonunion men and women now work together and the employer meets only with employees or representatives engaged in said establishments, the continuance of such conditions shall not be deemed a grievance. This declaration, however, is not intended in any manner to deny the right or discourage the practice of the formation of labor unions or the joining of the same by the workers i n said establishments, as guaranteed in the last paragraph, nor to prevent the War Labor Board from urging or any umpire from granting, under the machinery herein provided, improvement of their situation in the matter of wages, hours of labor, or other conditions as shall be found desirable from time to time. Established safeguards and regulations for the protection of the health and safety of workers shall not be relaxed. WOMEN IN INDUSTRY. If it shall become necessary to employ women on work ordinarily performed by men, they must be allowed equal pay for equal work and must not be allotted tasks disproportionate to their strength. HOURS OF LABOR. The basic eight-hour day is recognized as applying in all cases in which existing law requires it. In all other cases the question of hours of labor shall be settled with due regard to governmental necessities and the welfare, health, and proper comfort of the workers. MAXIMUM PRODUCTION. The maximum production of all war industries should be maintained and methods of work and operation on the part of employers or workers which operate to delay or limit production, or which have a tendency to artificially increase the cost thereof, should be discouraged. MOBILIZATION OF LABOR. For the purpose of mobilizing the labor supply with a view to its rapid and effective distribution, a permanent list of the number of skilled and other workers available in different parts of the   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  7   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  nation shall be kept on file by the Department of Labor, the information to be constantly furnished1. By the trade-unions. 2. By State employment bureaus and Federal agencies of like character. 3. By the managers and operators of industrial establishments throughout the country. These agencies shall be given opportunity to aid in the distribution of labor as necessity demands. CUSTOM OF LOCALITIES. In fixing wages, hours, and conditions of labor, regard should always be had to the labor standards, wage scales, and other conditions prevailing in the localities affected. THE LIVING WAGE. 1. The right of all workers, including common laborers, to a living wage is hereby declared. 2. In fixing wages, minimum rates of pay shall be established which will insure the subsistence of the worker and his family in health and reasonable comfort.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  9   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  METHOD OF PRESENTING COMPLAINTS AND PROCEDURE Any person desiring to bring before the National War Labor Board an issue between employer and employees, of which the board has cognizance, shall deliver to the secretary of the board a written statement, signed by him, with his proper post-office address at his home and in Washington. The statement shall contain a brief description of the grievance and the names of the persons or corporations against whom he complains, with their post-office address. Where an employer and employees both desire to submit a controversy to the board, shall sign a short joint statement of the issue between them, with their respective post-officethey addresses, and request the action of the board. They shall deliver this signed statement to the secretary of the board. Controversies in which the Secretary of Labor invokes the action of the board, together with the documents transmitted by him, shall be delivered to the secretary of the board. Such complaints, submissions, and references by the Secretary of Labor shall be received by the secretary of the board and filed in his office, and indorsed with the date of filing. The secretary of the board shall keep one docket for the filing of all complaints, submissions, and references, and shall number them on the docket in the order in which they are received and filed. Thereafter the cases shall be referred to by such number. Where the complaint or submission filed shall show clearly that another board than this has primary jurisdiction therein, the secretary is authorized to direct the proper reference, and to advise the party or parties initiating the proceeding of such reference. At the next session of the board the secretary shall advise the board of his disposition thereof. The secretary of the board shall digest all cases presented and bring them to the prompt attention of the board for its action. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOARD FOR HEARINGS AND ADJUSTMENT  Two members of the board, one from the employers' side and one from the employees' side, shall be appointed to act for the board in respect to every local controversy, the members to be named by the joint chairmen at the instance of the respective groups of the board. These members shall be called a section of the board, and shall hear and adjust cases assigned to them. If they cannot effect any adjustment, they shall summarize and analyze the facts and present the same to the board with their recommendations. The National Board may appoint permanent local committees in any city or district to act in cases therein arising. In the selection of such local committees, recommendations will be received by the National Board from associations of employers and from the central labor body of the city or district and other properly interested groups. Sections of the board are authorized to appoint temporary local committees where permanent local committees have not been appointed by the board. ARBITRATION  When the board, after due effort of its own, through sections, local committees, or otherwise, finds it impossible to settle a controversy, the board shall then sit as a board of arbitration, decide the controversy, and make an award, if it can reach a unanimous conclusion. If it cannot do this, then it shall select an umpire, as provided, who shall sit with the board, review the issues, and render his award. COORDINATION OF THE WORK OF EXISTING BOARDS  To comply with the direction of the President in his proclamation of April 8, 1918, constituting this National War Labor Board, it will hear appeals in the following cases: Where the principles established by him in such proclamation have been violated. Where an award made by a board has not been put into effect by employers, or where the employees have refused to accept or abide by such award. To determine questions of jurisdiction as between Government boards. Appeals will not be heard by the National War Labor Board from the decisions of regularly constituted boards of appeal, nor from any other board to revise findings of fact   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  11  REPRESENTING EMPLOYERS  REPRESENTING LABOR  LOYALL A. OSBORNE P. F. SULLIVAN. ALTERNATE C. E. MICHAEL J. W. MARSH, ALTERNATE W. H. VAN DERVOORT H. H. RICE. ALTERNATE C. A. CROCKER HAROLD 0. SMITH, ALTERNATE B. L. WORDEN  WILLIAM H. TAFT  BASIL M. MANLY  JOINT CHAIRMEN  FREDERICK N. JUDSON  WM. HARMAN BLACK  VICE CHAIRMEN  W. JETT LAUCK,  SECRETARY  FRANK J. HAYES ADAM WILKINSON, ALTERNATE W. L. HUTCHESON T. M. GUERIN, ALTERNATE WM. H. JOHNSTON FRED HEWITT. ALTERNATE VICTOR A. OLANDER MATTHEW WOLL, ALTERNATE T. A. RICKERT JOHN J. MANNING, ALTERNATE  NATIONAL WAR LABOR BOARD WASH I NGTON  PRINCIPLES and  RULES OF PROCEDURE   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  WASHINGTON GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 1919  CONTENTS. Page.  ed States Proclamation by the President of the Unit d Boar the of s Functions, powers, and dutie between workers and employers Principles and policies to govern relations 1918 31, Resolution adopted by Board July 1918 Statement for the public December 5, dure: Proce of Board (as adopted May 13, 191 Method of presenting complaints and procedure 17, 1918) mber Further rules of procedure(as adopted Dece etc sary, Complaint neces Form of complaint against employees Form of complaint against employers Joint submission Appeals from other awards Notice to respondent. Answer by respondent Hearings and reports Awards and administration Umpires (2)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  3 4 4 5 6 7 7 8,11 8 10 11, 13 12 12 13 14 15 16  NATIONAL WAR LABOR BOARD. PRINCIPLES. PROCLAMATION BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. Whereas in January, nineteen hundred and eighteen, the Secretary of Labor, upon the nomination of the president of the American Federation of Labor and the president of the National Industrial Conference Board, appointed a War Labor Conference Board for the purpose of devising for the period of the war a method of labor adjustment which would be acceptable to employers and employees; and Whereas said board has made a report recommending the creation for the period of the war of a National War Labor Board with the same number of members as. and to be selected by the same agencies that created, the War Labor Conference Board, whose duty it shall he to adjust labor disputes in the manner specified, and in accordance with certain conditions set forth in the said report; and Whereas the Secretary of Labor has, in accordance with the recommendation contained in the report of said War Labor Conference Board dated-March 29, 1918, appointed as members of the National War Labor Board Hon. William Howard Taft and Hon. Frank P. Walsh, representatives of the general public of the United States; Messrs. Loyal! A. Osborne, I,. F. Loree, W. H. Van Dervoort, C. E. Michael, and B. L. Worden, representatives of the employers of the United States;and Messrs. Frank J. Hayes, William L. Hutcheson, William H. Johnston:Victor A. Olander, and T. A. Rickert, representatives of the employees of the United States: Now, therefore, I, WOODROW WILSON, President of the United States of America, do hereby approve and affirm the said appointments and make due proclamation thereof and of the following for the information and guidance of all concerned: The powers, functions, and duties of the National War Labor Board shall be to settle by mediation and conciliation controversies arising between employers and workers in fields of production necessary for the effective conduct of the war, or in other fields of national activity, delays and obstructions in which might, in the opinion of the National Board,affect detrimentally such production;to provide, by indirect appointment,or otherwise,for committees or boards to sit in various parts of the country where controversies arise and secure settlement by local mediation and conciliation; and to summon the parties to controversies for hearing and action by the National Board in event of failure to secure settlement by mediation and conciliation. The principles to be observed and the methods to be followed by the National Board in exercising such powers and functions and performing such duties shall be those specified in the said report of the War Labor Conference Board dated March 29, 1918, a complete copy of which is hereunto appended.' The National Board shall refuse to take cognizance of a controversy between employer and workers in any field of industrial or other activity where there is by agreement or Federal law a means of settlement which has not been invoked. And I do hereby urge upon all employers and employees within the United States the necessity of utilizing the means and methods thus provided for the adjustment of all industrial disputes, and request that during the pendency of mediation or arbitration through the said means and methods,there shall be no discontinuance of industrial operations which would result in curtailment of the production of war necessities. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done in the District of Columbia, this eighth day of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and eighteen, and of the independence of the United States the one hundred and forty-second. [SEAL.] WOODROW WILSON. By the President: ROBERT LANSING, Secretary of State. • 1 Not printed herewith. 97523°-19   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  (3)  4.  FUNCTIONS, POWERS, AND DUTIES OF THE BOARD. Board are as follows: The functions and powers of the National War Labor ion, of every controversy arising between employers and conciliat and n mediatio by t, sAtlemen a about To bring of the war. conduct effective the for y necessar workers in the field of production of national activity, delays and obstructions in which fields other in sies controver similar in thing same To do the tally such production. may, in the opinion of the National Board, affect detrimen otherwise, for the selection of committees or boards to sit or ment appoint direct by y, machiner To provide such secure settlement by local mediation and conciliation. to arise, sies in various parts of the country where controver action by the National Board in case of failure to secure and hearing for rsy controve the to To summon the parties ion. settlement by local mediation and conciliat shall fail to bring about a voluntary settlement and the If the sincere and determined effort of the National Board a decision, then and .in that case and only as a last upon agree to members of the board shall be unable unanimously h shall hear and finally decide the controversy paragrap next the in provided manner the in resort an umpire appointed Board. National under simple rules of procedure prescribed by the the umpire by unanimous vote. Failing such choice, the name The members ofthe National Board shall choose and disinterested persons to be nominated for the purpose suitable ten of the umpire shall be drawn by lot from a list of States. by the President of the United in the city of Washington, with power to meet at any other The National Board shall hold its regular meetings occasion. the place convenient for the board and practice in settlement of controversies hereunder from time to The National Board may alter its methods and time as experience may suggest. ce of a controversy between employer and workers in any field The National Board shall refuse to take cognizan t or Federal law a means of settlement which has not been agreemen by is there of industrial or other activity where invoked. unavoidably detained from attending one or more of its sessions The place of each member of the National Board as his regular substitute. The substitute shall have the member such by named be to e substitut may be filled by a • . same representative character as his principal and to create such other clerical organization under The National Board shall have power to appoint a secretary duties, of its it as may be in its judgment necessary for the discharge for authority to use the machinery of the Department The National Board may apply to the Secretary of Labor n. mediatio and ion conciliat of in its work to controversies within its jurisdiction, by the SecreThe action of the National Board may be invoked, in respect ed representative. The board, after summary authoriz duly its or rsy a in controve side either by tary of Labor or r or importance as to justify it. characte such of not is if case the hearing consideration, may refuse further in general or local matters, and in the board the for act to members of own its es committe of ment In the appoint ted. represen equally be shall creation of local committees, the employers and the workers e seisions of the board or as successiv at ly alternate preside shall in the board public the of The representatives agreed upon. umpire in his consideration of a controversy, shall be The board in its mediating and conciliatory action, and the governed by the following principles:  BETWEEN WORKERS AND PRINCIPLES AND POLICIES TO. GOVERN RELATIONS ION OF THE WAR. DURAT EMPLOYERS IN WAR INDUSTRIES FOR THE There should be no strikes or lockouts during the war. RIGHT TO ORGANIZE. collectively through chosen representatives is The right of workers to organize in trade-unions and to bargain interfered with by the employers in any manner recognized and affirmed. This right shall not be denied, abridged, or whatsoever. collectively through chosen representaThe right of employers to organize in associations or groups and to bargain interfered with by the workers in any or , abridged denied, be not tives is recognized and affirmed. This right shall manner whatsoever. ons, nor for legitimate trade-union activities. Employers should not discharge workers for membership in trade-uni coercive measures of any kind to induce use not should to organize, right of their The workers, in the exercise therewith. deal or persons to join their organizations nor to induce employers to bargain EXISTING CONDITIONS. , and the union standards as to wages, In establishments where the union shop exists the same shall continue ed. maintain be shall ent hours of labor, and other conditions of employm   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  5 In establishments where union and nonunion men and women now work together and the employer meets only with employees or representatives engaged in said establishments, the continuance of such conditions shall not be deemed a grievance. This declaration, however, is not intended in any manner to deny the right or discourage the practice of the formation of labor unions or the joining of the same by the workers in said establishments, as guaranteed in the preceding section, nor to prevent the War Labor Board from urging or any umpire from granting, under the machinery herein provided, improvement of their situation in the matter of wages, hours of labor, or other con ditions as shall be found desirable from time to time. Established safeguards and regulations for the. protection of the health and safety of workers shall not be relaxed. WOMEN IN INDUSTRY. If it shall become necessary to employ women on work ordinarily performed by men, they must be allowed equal pay for equal work and must not be allotted tasks disproportionate to their strength. HOURS OF LABOR. The basic eight-hour day is recognized as applying in all cases in which existing law requires it. In all other cases the question of hours of labor shall be settled with due regard to governmental necessities and the welfare, health, and proper comfort of the workers, MAXIMUM PRODUCTION. The maximum production of all war industries should be maintained and methods of work and operation on the part of employers or workers which operate to delay or limit production, or which have a tendency to artificially increase the cost thereof, should be discouraged. MOBILIZATION OF LABOR. For the purpose of mobilizing the labor supply with a view to its rapid and effective distribution, a permanent list of the numbers of skilled and other workers available in different parts of the country shall be kept on file by the Department of Labor, the information to be constantly furnished1. By the trade-unions. 2. By State employment bureaus and Federal agencies of like character. 3. By the managers and operators of industrial establishments throughout the country. These agencies shall be given opportunity to aid in the distribution of labor as necessity demands. CusTom OF LOCALITIES. In fixing wages, hours, and conditions of labor, regard should always be had to the labor standards. wage scales, and other conditions prevailing in the localities affected. THE LIVING WAGE. 1. The right of all workers, including common laborers, to a living wage is hereby declared. 2. In fixing wages, minimum rates of pay shall be established which will insure the subsistence of the worker and his family in health and reasonable comfort.  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY NATIONAL WAR LABOR BOARD JULY 31, 1918. Resolved, That the National War Labor Board deems it an appropriate time to invite the attention of employers and workers alike to the wisdom of composing their differences in accord with the principles governing the National War Labor Board, which were approved and promulgated by the President in his proclamation of April 8, 1918; That this war is not only a war of arms, but also a war of workshops; a competition in the quantitativ e production and distribution of munitions and war supplies, a contest in industrial resourcefulness and energy; That the period of the war is not a normal period of industrial expansion from which the employer should expect unusual profits or the employees abnormal wages; that it is an interregnum in which industry is pursued only for common cause and common ends; That capital should have only such reasonable returns as will assure its use for the world's and Nation's cause, while the physical well-being of labor and its physical and mental effectiveness in a comfort reasonable in view of the exigencies of the war should likewise be assured; That this board should be careful in its conclusions not to make orders in this interregnum, based on approved views of progress in normal times, which, under war conditions, might seriously impair the present economic structure of our country; That the declaration of our principles as to the living wage and an established minimum should be construed in the light of these considerations; That for the present the board or its sections should consider and decide each case involving these principles on its particular facts and reserve any definite rule of decision until its judgments have been sufficiently numerous and their operation sufficiently clear to make generalization safe.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  6 STATEMENT FOR THE PUBLIC DECEMBER 5, 1918. of the armistice, and the withdrawal of the In order to meet the changed conditions resulting from the signing War Labor Board, after conference National the country, the of Federal Government's control over the industries will it act only in such cases as are jointly future the in that providing order an made has Labor, of with the Secretary forth industrial controversies, will • setting 5, December after filed submitted to it for arbitration. All complaints n Bureau. Failing settlement and Conciliatio Mediation its by action for t Departmen Labor the therefore be referred to Board only the cases in which both parties volunin such cases the Secretary of Labor will refer back to the War Labor Labor Board and agree to abide by its decision. All tarily submit the issues to the jurisdiction of the National War the past. in been cases now before the Board will be handled as they have   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  PROCEDURE. METHOD OF PRESENTING COMPLAINTS AND PROCEDURE OF BOARD. (AS ADOPTED BY THE BOARD ON MAY 13, 1918.) DOCKET. The secretary of the Board shall keep one docket for the filing of all complaints, submissions, and references, and shall number them on the docket in the order in which they are received and filed. Thereafter the cases shall be referred to by such numbers. REFERENCES. Where the complaint or submission fled shall show clearly that another board than this has primary jurisdiction therein, the secretary is authorized to direct the proper reference, and to advise the party or parties initiating the proceeding of such reference. At the next session of the Board the secretary shall advise the Board of his disposition thereof. ORGANIZATION OF THE BOARD FOR HEARINGS AND ADJUSTMENT. In respect to every local controversy, two members of the Board, one from the employers' side and one from the employees' side, shall be appointed to act for the Board, the members to be named by the joint chairmen at the instance of the respective groups of the Board. These members shall be called a Section of the Board, and shall hear and adjust cases assigned to them. If they can not effect any adjustment, they shall summarize and analyze the facts and present the same to the Board with their recommendations. The National Board may appoint permanent local committees in any city or district to act in cases therein arising. In the selection of such local committees, recommendations will be received by the National Board from associations of employers and from the central labor body of the city or district and other properly interested groups. Sections of the Board are authorized to appoint temporary local committees where permanent local committees have not been appointed by the Board. ARBITRATION. When the Board, after due effort of its own, through Sections, local committees, or otherwise, finds it impossible to settle a controversy, the Board shall then sit as a board of arbitration, decide the controversy, and make an award, if it can reach a unanimous conclusion. If it can not do this, then it shall select an umpire, as provided, who shall sit with the Board, review the issues, and render his award. COORDINATION OF THE WORK OF EXISTING BOARDS. To comply with the direction of the President in his proclamation of April 8, 1918, constituting the National War Labor Board, this Board will hear appeals in the following cases: Where the principles established by the President in such proclamation have been violated. Where an award made by a board has not been put into effect by employers, or where the employees have refused to accept or abide by such award. To determine questions of jurisdiction as between Government boards. Appeals will not be heard by the National War Labor Board from the decisions of regularly constituted boards of appeal, nor from any other board to revise findings of fact.  FURTHER RULES OF PROCEDURE. (AS AMENDED FROM TIME TO TIME UP TO AND INCLUDING JANUARY 15, 1919.) The first and indispensable step to be taken in order that the Board shall be able to settle industrial disputes is that the parties to the disputes shall have notice that the Board intends to hear the dispute and what the dispute is. They must know, further, when and where the hearing is to be held so as to have reasonable opportunity to present their evidence and to argue their cases. The following rules of procedure are adopted as a simple method of bringing the parties before the Board and enabling them to know the exact issues in the dispute and to obtain a hearing thereon.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  (7)  COMPLAINT NECESSARY TO JURISDICTION. Any person deeming himself aggrieved by another in an industrial dispute within the cognizance of the Board may invoke its jurisdiction, filing a complaint against that other. It can not be done otherwise. WHO MAY BE COMPLAINANTS. When the complaint is made on behalf of employees against an employer, it shall be filed by three employees for and on behalf of all claiming the same grievances. If the grievance alleged is unjust discharge, those discharged may file the complaint as recent employees of the respondent. If the shop is one in which the employer contracts with a union, the union may file a complaint against the employer, but it shall associate with it as party complainants and signers of the complaint at least three employees of the respondent as in other cases. When the complaint is made on behalf of an employer, he shall sign the complaint. If he is a member of an employers' association having a contract with a union, which is the subject matter of, or affects, the controversy, he may join with him as party complainant such employers' association and may name as respondents not more than three of his employees, present or recent, as representatives of all, and the union with whom the contract was made. COMPLAINT SHALL COVER ONLY DISPUTES BETWEEN ONE EMPLOYER AND HIS EMPLOYEES. No complaint shall cover more than the disputes between employees and their employer in one shop or series of shops owned by the same employer. Should the same dispute develop in different shops owned by different employers, the cases may, with consent of the parties, be united for the purpose of taking evidence and for hearings, but separate complaints must be filed and docketed, separate summons be issued and served, and all further steps taken in each separate case and separate conclusions reached and separate awards or recommendations made. CONTENTS OF COMPLAINT. The complaint shall be in a form approved by the Board and shall be a written petition to the Board for its aid in the just settlement of a dispute between employer and employees. It shall set forth the name and post-office address of the party or parties complainant and the party or parties respondent. It shall set forth in brief narrative form the facts and circumstances of dispute, and close with a prayer for that action by the Board to which the complaining party or parties believe themselves entitled under the principles of the Board and which will afford a just remedy. If the party filing the complaint is a corporation, or a union, the signature of the president, vice president, treasurer, or secretary thereof shall be sufficient. FORM OF COMPLAINT AGAINST EMPLOYEES. Every complaint filed by an employer against employees or a union shall he in the form following: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. NATIONAL WAR LABOR BOARD.  Complainant. No.  V. Respondent. ORIGINAL COMPLAINT. (By employers.)  1. We the undersigned make this complaint to your Honorable Board and hereby specifically agree to he bound by such recommendations or award as your Honorable Board may make in the premises, in accordance with the principles and procedure of the Board. 2. We hereby complain because: (State in narrative form the grievances,relating to—)  (I. Wages. b. Hours. c. Discrimination.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  9 d. Violations of existing agreements; or of governmentally fixed wage scale. e. Actual or threatened strikes. f. Coercive measures to induce employees to join union, or to induce employer to deal with a union. g. Curtailing maximum production. h. Any other violations of the principles of the National War Labor Board. 3. We seek the following relief: 4. We make the attached questionnaire a part of this complaint.  Dated  (Complaining employer or his duly authorized representatives sign on above lines.)  (On second page of 4-page folio.)  Questionnaire, accompanying and made a part of original complaint of employer. The Board will take no action upon the complaint unless every question herein is answered. 5. Give name and address of all complainants. Answer. • 6. How many employees do you employ? Answer. Male. Female. 7. What employers' association do you represent, Answer. if any? That is, when, where, and how were you authorized to unite said association with you in this complaint? 8. How many and what classes of employees are Answer. affected by this complaint? 9. State just how the business affects the conduct Answer. of the war. 10. Have you a contract with your employees? Answer. 11. If so, attach a copy of such contract or contracts Answer. to this complaint. 12. Have your grievances been presented to the Answer. employees? 13. If so, when and how? Answer. 14. What steps have been taken to adjust the griev- Answer. ances complained of? 15. What was the result? Answer. 16. Do you know that the National War Labor Board Answer. will refuse to take jurisdiction of any controversy where there is by agreement or Federal law a means of settlement which has not been invoked? 17. Name and address of the respondents. Answer. In witness whereof, we, the signers of the foregoing complaint, state that the facts in said complaint and questionnaire set forth are true to the best of our knowledge and belief.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  10 FORM OF COMPLAINT AGAINST EMPLOYERS. or by a union in cases where a unim may be the comEvery complaint filed by employees against employers, " form: following the in be plainant, shall UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. NATIONAL WAR LABOR BOARD. Complainant. No.  V. Respondent. ORIGINAL COMPLAINT. (By employees.)  employees of the respondent, on 1. We, the undersigned, being at least three employees or recent having like grievances, make this complaint to behalf of ourselves and all others similarly situated and to bound by such recommendations or award your Honorable Board, and we hereby specifically agree be ce with the principles and procedure of as your Honorable Board may make,in the premises, in accordan the Board. 2. We hereby complain because: (State in narrative form the grievances relating to—)  a. Wages. b. Hours. c. Discrimination. d. Violations of existing agreements. e. Actual or threatened lockout. f. Collective bargaining. g. Working conditions. h. Any other violations of the principles of the National War Labor Board. 3. We seek the following relief: 4. We make the attached questionnaire a part of this complaint. Signed at   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  , State of  , on the .... day of  , 19...  (Complaining employees or their duly authorized representatives sign on above lines.)  11 (On second page of 4-page olio.)  Questionnaire, accompanying and made a part of original complaint of employees. (The Board will take no action upon the complaint unless every question herein is answered. If you can not answer definitely, say "I don't know.") 5. Give names and addresses of all complainants. Answer. 6. State occupation and length of service of each complainant. Answer. Male. 7. How many employees do you represent? Female. 8. By what authority do you represent them; that Answer. is, when, where,and how were you appointed? 9. How many and what classes of employees are Answer. affected? 10. State just how the business affects the conduct Answer. of the war. Answer. 11. Have you a contract with your employer? 12. If so, attach a copy of such contract or contracts to this complaint. 13. Have your grievances and requests been pre- Answer. sented to the employer?. Answer. 14. If so, when and how? 15. What steps have been taken to adjust the Answer. grievances complained of? Answer. 16. What was the result? 17. From what date do you ask that the decision of Answer. the Board take effect, and why? 18. Do you know that the National War Labor Answer. Board will refuse to take jurisdiction of any controversy where there is by agreement or Federal law a means of settlement which has not been invoked? Answer. 19. Name and address of the employer. In witness whereof we, the signers of the foregoing complaint, state that the facts in said complaint and questionnaire set forth are true to the best of our knowledge and belief.  IMPERFECT COMPLAINT. Communications seeking settlement of industrial disputes by the Board which do not substantially comply with hereinbefore set forth shall be returned by the Director of Procedure to those signing them. He shall inclose forms the a blank form of formal complaint, a copy of these Rules of Procedure, a copy of the principles of the Board, and a copy of the President's proclamation. COMPLAINTS IN CASES OF REFERENCES OF DISPUTES TO BOARD BY THE SECRETARY OF LABOR OR OTHER DEPARTMENT OF THE GOVERNMENT. When an alleged controversy is referred to the Board by the Secretary of Labor, or other governmental department adjustment agency, the Director of Procedure shall require a formal complaint to be filed as herein provided, Federal or and the case shall then proceed as though the complaint had originally been made to the Board. COMPLAINTS IN JOINT SUBMISSIONS.  •  In cases of joint submission, including those referred from other departments or Federal adjustment agencies, complaints must be filed as in other cases by one of the parties against the other, for the purpose of setting out clearly and succinctly the issues in dispute. The Director of Procedure may presume in such cases, in the absence of information to the contrary, that the original complaining parties are the employees and notify them to file a complaint in the proper form.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  12 APPEALS FROM AWARDS OF OTHER GOVERNMENT BOARDS. In cases where appeals from department adjustments and arbitrations are within the jurisdiction of the Board, or are brought within it by reference from the head of any department, the officer or tribunal from whose decision appeal is taken shall prepare the record of the hearing before him, including all the evidence considered by him and the statements of claim by the parties, together with his award and his reasons therefor, and transmit the same to the Secretary of the Board, together with the letter of reference by the head of department, if any. The Director of Procedure shall place the appeal as a case upon the docket under its proper number and file the record, award, and reference in its appropriate place, entitling the same with the names of the parties complainant and respondent and marking the Dept." In case of appeals no formal complaint on the appeal by either party need be filed. same "Appeal from As soon as the appeal is filed, a notice should issue by registered mail to all parties advising them of the pendency of the appeal, and that they must be ready for a hearing before the Board, or a Section thereof, at a day fixed at least seven days after the sending of such notice. In cases of emergency the Board, or the Standing Committee, may direct the Secretary to notify the parties by telegram to appear sooner, if practicable. NOTICE TO ISSUE. Upon every complaint filed in form as herein prescribed, a notice shall issue informing the respondent that the complainants have filed a complaint against him, with a copy of the complaint, copy of these Rules of Procedure, copy of the President's proclamation, and blank form for his answer, inclosed. The notice shall direct him to file an answer within seven days after service, and shall be in form approved by the Board. FORM OF NOTICE. The form of the notice which is hereby approved shall be as follows: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. NATIONAL WAR LABOR BOARD.  Docket No To. Respondent. 1 has filed a complaint against you, a copy of which is hereto You are hereby notified that attached. Your answer upon the inclosed form should be filed within seven days from receipt hereof. In case of your failure to file an answer, the Board may, as a board of mediation, in accordance with its rules of procedure, set a date for hearing, make its findings and decision as to what in its judgment is a fair and equitable adjustment of the dispute. DONE UNDER AND BY AUTHORITY Of the proclamation of the President of the United States of America, duly issued the eighth day of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and eighteen. WITNESS THE HANDS Of the Joint Chairmen of said National War Labor Board at the City of WashingA. D. 191.. ton, D. C., this .... day of Wm. F. TAFT, BASIL M. MANLY, Joint Chairmen. Countersigned: 191.. Service accepted this....day of SERVICE OF NOTICE. The service of notice may be made by mailing it by registered mail, with a copy of the complaint, blank for answer, copy of proclamation of the President of April 8, 1918, and copy of Rules of Procedure of Board, to the postoffice address of the respondents as given in the complaint, and the register receipt shall be retained in the office of the Secretary and filed with papers as evidence of proper service. Where service should be made with greater dispatch,• an examiner or any other employee of the Board may serve the same upon the respondents. A return by him of such service, at the usual place of business or residence of the respondents, or upon them personally, shall constitute a sufficient service, and shall be evidenced by the certificate of the server, signed by him with his official designation. A service may be made by any notary public, by a sheriff or marshal or his deputies, who shall make a due return of such service. If the respondent will accept service in writing, this shall dispense with the necessity of further proof, and the written acceptance shall be filed with the papers in the case and noted on the docket. Every return of service shall state the day and hour of service, and if the service is not personal,the place at which a copy of the notice and copy of the complaint were left.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  13 NOTICE AND SERVICE IN CASES OF JOINT SUBMISSION AND REFERENCES TO DEPARTMENTS. As already indicated, complaints must be filed in cases of joint submission and in cases referred to the Board by governmental departments, or Federal adjustment agencies, and upon such complaints notice shall issue and be served as in other cases. ANSWERS. A respondent duly served or waiving service as above shall answer the complaint within seven days after receiving the same, by mailing within this time an answer conforming to the following form: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: NATIONAL WAR LABOR BOARD. Complainant. No V.  Dated Respondent. RESPONDENT'S ANSWER. Now comes the respondent named in the above-entitled case and answering the complaint, says: A. admits 1 The respondent {denies that the National War Labor Board has jurisdiction over the matters set forth in the complaint. (If jurisdiction is denied, state reasons why.)  B. radmits) The respondent s d„iesi that the business done at the plant affects the conduct of the war. C. The respondent answers to the merits of the various allegations set forth in the complaint and questionnaire, admitting or denying the same seriatim, as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. S. 9. 10. Etc   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  14 D. The responaent sets torth new matter of defense, as follows: E. The respondent submits this controversy to the National War Labor Board as an arbitrator,in accordance with its principles and procedure, and hereby agrees to be bound by its award on the following issues: Respectfully submitted. (Duly authorized agent sign above.)  EFFECT OF FAILURE TO ANSWER. Should the respondent file no answer, or should he decline to accept arbitration by the Board upon one or more issues raised,the case shall proceed and a hearing be had upon the evidence of the complainant only, if the respondent does not choose to produce evidence on his behalf, or upon the evidence introduced by both sides. The mere producing of evidence by a respondent on the issues shall not be regarded as a submission to arbitration by the Board. NOTICE OF HEARINGS. All parties shall be given at least seven days' notice of the time and place of any hearing. The person serving or giving such notice shall make return in writing of the method of notification. HEARINGS. At all hearings before the full Board, before a Section of the Board, or before examiners appointed to hear the case, evidence may be introduced by oral testimony of witnesses or by depositions. Should the Board, Section, or examiners deem cross-examination necessary in case of deposition, the deponent should be summoned for the purpose and the deposition not considered as evidence until such cross-examination has been had. All testimony of witnesses shall be taken under oath or affirmation. Examiners, Sections of the Board, and the full Board shall have • power to administer such oaths or affirmation. HEARINGS BY EXAMINERS. The hearing by the examiner shall be conducted in accordance with the proper course of judicial proceedings. the evidence, The evidence for the complainant shall be presented, then the evidence for the respondent, and then in courts, common-law prevailing evidence of rules the shall be as follow as may near examiner The rebuttal. if any,in with such departures therefrom as in his discretion may seem to be necessary in the cause of speedy justice. The examiner shall require witnesses to confine their testimony to statements of facts within their personal knowledge. But to The examiner may exercise the authority to exclude evidence palpably incompetent or irrelevant the issue. the examiner by ruling other or evidence of exclusion such to exceptions may his save ruling the party aggrieved by such person necessary who is not by a writing filed with the examiner. Should the examiner deem the evidence of any tion. cross-examina permit and him, examine person, such summon called by either party, he may CONTINUANCES. The hearing, due notice of which has been given both sides, shall proceed until the case is closed. Should either a showing of due diligence, it party desire a continuance on the ground of inability to produce witnesses, and make necessary to procure the evireasonably be may as time the to such grant of examiner discretion the shall be within War Labor Board should be dence. It is of the utmost importance, however, that cases brought before the National sparingly exercised. When be should hearings or to cases this discretion continue therefore promptly decided, and fix a time the evidence has been all submitted, the examiner shall hear argument, and, if desired by the parties, may in which to submit briefs. REPORT OF THE EXAMINER. the Upon the conclusion of the hearing before him the examiner shall make a digest of the evidence and submit shall He be. may case the as Board or Section the to or any findings conclusions, making without same forthwith, but of the evidence, attach thereto a copy of the complaint, proof of service, joint submission, answer, and a full transcript may have the case tho considering Board or Section the in that his order ruling to taken arguments, and exceptions entire record before it.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  V.  15 ACTION UPON EXCEPTIONS TO EXAMINER'S RULINGS. In cases where exceptions have been taken to the examiner's rulings, the Section or Board may in its discretion grant a hearing upon said exceptions and act thereon. ACTION BY THE SECTION. If the form of the submission shall be to the members of the Section as arbitrators to make a final award, the Section, if the members are in agreement, shall proceed to make such an award without reference to the Board. The administration of such awards shall be the same as in awards of the full Board. When a case has been assigned to a Section and the parties in interest shall have agreed that the decision of the Section shall be the decision in the case, then the Section shall proceed and make its findings, and if the Section can not agree the case shall go to the full Board. REPORT OF THE SECTION. In all other cases submitted to a Section and in which they have reached an agreement, a report shall be made of their findings and conclusion to the Board for its action. ACTION OF THE BOARD. Upon the presentation of a report by a Section the Board shall consider the same and approve or reject it. DISAGREEMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE SECTION. If the members of the Section can not agree upon a report, each shall make his individual report and the Bard shall consider the case on both reports and take such action as it may deem wise. DIFFERENCE OF OPINION IN THE BOARD. In cases in which the parties have submitted to the full jurisdiction of the Board and the Board is not unanimous in its findings and conclusions as to a just award, the name of an umpire shall be agreed upon by unanimous vote, or failing that, shall be drawn by lot from a list of names furnished by the President to the Board in accord with the rules of procedure approved by the President in his proclamation of April 8, 1918. In cases in which the parties defendant do not submit to the full jurisdiction of the Board, or to its jurisdiction to make an award, the principles of the procedure of the Board do not require an umpire and in such a case the action of the Board shall be determined by a majority vote and the recommendation of the Board made accordingly. The finding and recommendation shall be published with such a dissent of the minority as may be presented to the Board. In case the Board divides evenly, the case shall stand as undecided. •  AWARDS.  The Section shall report in full the form of the award which it recommends for adoption. If it shall seem to the Section that the evidence before it is not sufficiently specific to enable it to dispose of all the issues, it.may dispose of part and postpone the rest for a further action. An award may provide for the appointment of an administrator, when it covers the settlement of complicated matters, and if it does provide for such administrator he is authorized to interpret and apply the award as between the parties when they disagree as to its meaning and application. ADMINISTRATORS' RULINGS AND APPEALS THEREFROM. Administrators authorized to interpret and apply the award shall make their decisions in writing and serve copies thereof on the parties. Should either party feel aggrieved by the Administrator's decision, he may appeal to the Board, and the appeal shall be heard by the Section which acted in the case, and the decision of the Section on such appeal shall be reported to and acted upon by the Board. Pending the appeal from the decision of the Administrator, his decision shall be enforced, exceptin cases where it involves directly or indirectly the payment of wages. In such cases, the filing of the appeal with the Administrator or Board shall operate as a stay. The Administrator shall prepare the record for appeal in such cases with the utmost dispatch and forward it to the Chief Administrator for immediate submission to the Section which acted in the case. The appeal shall be heard by the Section as soon as possible. REHEARINGS. A motion to the Board for a rehearing must be made within 30 days after the recommendation or the award of notice upon the parties. The motion for rehearing shall set out the grounds for the same specifically and service and may be granted either because the award was beyond the jurisdiction of the Board, or because of a palpable mistake in the finding of fact, or in the application of the principles of the Board, or because of newly-discovered evidence which might change the decision of the Board. On motion for a rehearing the parties may not, as a matter of course, have an   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  16 oral hearing. The party moving the rehearing shall file a brief with his motion setting forth, with reasonable elaboration, the reasons relied upon. If the motion is based on newly-discovered evidence, it must appear that the evidence i. not merely cumulative and that the party seeking the rehearing could not have produced the evidence by the exercise of due diligence at the time of the original hearing. NOTICE OF AWARDS AND RECOMMENDATIONS. Immediately upon the making of awards or final recommendations, they shall be copied and a copy certified by the Secretary shall be sent by registered mail to each of the parties and the receipt therefor shall be filed with the papers and noted on the docket. PROCEEI)INGS BEFORE AN•UMPIRE. The Umpire shall be notified of his selection and a time fixed for his hearing. In proceedings before Umpires, the presmtations shall be limited as follows: Each side shall delegate not more than two members to present the case to the Umpire, and each side shall be limited in its oral presentation to one hour. The Umpire, however, may extend the time of hearing if in his judgment a longer time is required to make him fully familiar with the case. ACTION UPON DECISION OF UMPIRE. The decision of the Umpire shall be regarded as th.e award of tbe Board, and notice of it served upon the parties as in other cases. The decision of the Umpire shall be made public only after it has been read and certified to by the Standing Comraittee or by the Board in full session. NOTE.—The above procedure may be changed from time to time by a majority vote of the Board.—Approvel January 30, 1919.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  S  WAR LABOR POLE;I_S BOARD OOMMITT..3_]S  May  Committee on Cantral R)cruitina  " Standardi7ation •  ▪  of Wag s & Coml. of Livinz,  " C.IntrmAi7ation of DO. Statistics  11  ,-, tf 4:  •  . . ..  If  H  7:3.7ht, Hour St-tut3F .  •  Pay r9  •  May r9  • •  " lf,Ar Badg.:,s .  "  . . . . . . . . . Jun,) 7  • • " Dilution & intinim7 . . . Living of Gtonditions . ... " Fixin Ratil Pri.-,4,  •  •. .  .  • .  . Jun• ri • . Juna 14 . July 1 9  Znforamnt of Str,t3 L!!. bor Laws in Work don) cn Gov.A..nm)nt Contra.2ts .  •  , U. S. " Proposad Announcamlnts of tht, •  inE of So 2,SpeciM.1 CommittIa on Ditl,il y Works Factor e Privat  •  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  mpl. Sr. •  to Draft Lagislation on Workm)n's Comp nsation • • • for War Work  July 19 July  " Ralation of Military to Industrill Man Po1,3r. ()  May !-9 kay  • •  " Gov. Contract Clnu-,3s Affectin7 In. R31. " :,x - ymption of Sk1lli Laborarp  n  .  6  July r3  Aug. "  i-)rs to 9  MEMBFRS OF WAR LABOR pous's BOARD  Felix Frankfurter, Chairman War 1,31,0r Pon:APIs Board 1607 H Street N. W. Washington, D. C. G. I. Christie, Department of Agriculture 224 - 12th Street, Washington, D. C. Charles Piez, Emervency Fleet Corporation 140 N. Broad Street Philadelphia, Pa. HoNard Coonley, Emergency Fleet Corporation C/o M. L. Cook, Room 1010 1319 F. Street Washington, D. C. Dr. L. C. Marshall 1311 Massachusett3 Avenue C/o Prof. Seager, Washington, D. C.  or  Emergency Fleet Corporation Philadelphia, Pa. 140 N. Broad Street  or  Fmergency Fleet corporation 140 N. Broad Street Philadel:hia, Pa.  W. J. Diamoni, Room 107 Gordon Hotel Washington,D. C. Franklin Roosevelt Navy Department, Room 276, Stte War and Navy Building Washington, D. C. L. McH. Howe State, War and Navy Building Washington, D. C. I. Tyler Railroad Administraticn Interstate Commerce Buil!ing, Room 1028 Washington, D. C. Robert P. Buda Shipping Board 1319 P. Street Washing',on, D. C.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Dr. E. M. Hopkins, Pr2Eident Dartmouth College Hanover, New Paztpshire Major F. W. Tully, Room 293, War Department Washington, D. C. Stanley King, War DeartfLant, Room 235 State, War and Navy Building Washington, P. C. Hugh Frayne War InAustrias Board, Council of Natonal Defense 17th and D. Streets Washington, D. C. Miss Maty Van Kleeck Southern Building 15th and H. Street Washington, D. C. Charles Piez, Drergency Fleet Corporation ) ) 140 Y. Broad Street, Philadelphia, Pa. ) BIL B, Hammond Fond Administration, Room 1 19th and D. Streets Washington, P. C.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Duplination liven on first page.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis