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The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  tq t 8i TJty  1  VIM, IN INDUSTRY S7RVICE Jul- 24, 1913.  VFMORANDUY 'Or:  Mr. ir.,nkfurter, Chaimar, l*Ar Labor Policies Board  From:  Miss Van Kleeck Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Subjects Proposed Policies Board of Women in Industry Service. The Secretary of tabor in urging the establishment of a , olnen in Industry Service has staed that "it will maintran close Contact with all the work of the department on this special subject and will aluo oocrdinabe ano ccntrol such v,erk in all other derartments." In the outline of its duties sent out by the office of the Secretary expected to "keep informed it is further stEciAad th4.t t?;15 service will t insofar as they Departmen the of divisions several the of or1 of the tha on all divisins irrth advise to and induetry to in wonen relate tal with all ns governmen connectio useful establish such ',THE; and "to w.,ancies •rith voluntary and slbject this oi departments and divisions and societies." It is our desire to be of the greatest roosible service to the other divisions in any work which they may do for women in industrmr, and also to work out with them a well arranged program for dealinT with these critical and important problems. To this end we have proposed, as you k-ow, to establish a women in Industry Policies Board, which shall hold periodic, meet4.ngs for exchange of inforration as a baste for developinl comprehensive plans for woren in industry in all the services. This will include representAtives from every eivision, Birsau, and Service of the Derartr'ent of Labor and from Industrial Servtce Sec 4 iors in other departments. -e are also considering the desirability of inviting the Women's Committee and the Committee on Women in Industry of the Council of National Defense to send represent tives in order t1:-.2t -e may hear up in this board the activities of the voluntary agencies interested in women's work. Have we the arproval of the Secretary of Labor in the establisiment of such a board, and if so is it desirable that we should a proceed at once to ask the head of each division and bureau to name representative to act in this natter.  Director, Women in Industry Service.  lormr Tr '7)11V7't July 24, lib IILIVORAVDM For Vre Frankfurter, Chaiman Var Labor Policies Boari Trots Wise Van Itleack Subject:  Request *sr an early appointment with Wr. rrarkfurtere T should be alad if A mi7ht have an opportunty t ut the relations betreen the 'loner in , h you soo,, e.',  Industry Service and the "7orAm's Committee and the Committee on Wcmen in Industry of the C(,urei) of' 'acna7 De7Erce, td I as anxiouv. to be prepared to deal wieel7 wIt'n the Cem!rittee on 7iamen ir Industry in a conference or July 31st, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Director, Women in Industry Service. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  IN  INDUSTRY SPRVICE July 24, P18.  rman, War Labor Policies Board, MEMORANDUM FOR MR. FRANKFURTER, Chai From Miss Van Klefbck. be attached extract fror a letter from Miss League, brings Ur, the questior Pauline loldmark, National Consumers' effice Department. of our ww-king relations with the Post  As it  ation and co-operation, seems to me an important matter of co-ordin re taking any action, PerI am bringing it to ycur attention befo initiate a plan of bars you will thin l- it the occasion to co-peratin ce the Post Offi between the Toren In Industry Service and Department.  Director, 'omen in Industry Service.  DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY WASHINGTON  WAR LABOR POLICIES BOARD July 15, 1918  Dear Miss Van Kleeck: The Secretary has a - pointed Yrs. Mrgretta Neale of New York as head of the Woman's Division of the Employment Service.  That you write of Miss Co -  makes  me wonder whether there is not some place here in which we could use her. That was an altogether admirable way in which you Outlined the initial problems of women in industry the Board. on Friday b,-;fore  Cordially yours,  s Viss Mary Vqn Kleeck. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY WASHINGTON  TAR LABOR POLICIES BOARD July i, i918  My dear  Mi33 Van  Klesck:  I hope it will not throw too much of a burden upon you to have prepared for me 2 oo_ekly progross report 'of the work of your Division.  I should like this to be  *-1.9  brief  gs is consistent with giving a picture of the work of  y  ur  Division, week by we-k, so that I may have a. closer knoidedge of the relition of your work to the other fields of the Ttr Labor AdministrRtion.  I should like it to be the e tablished  thing that the2e reports should reach ma every Monday. L;incerf)ly yours, ••••••••••••••••••••••iin.i.  Miss Mary Van Kleeck. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  July 15, 1918.  Memorandum for Miss Van Kleeck: I know you are thinking about the following subjects. I hope you will give me a chance to talk with you about them as soon as you have had a chance to work things out. I.  The establishment of contacts with women adminis—  trators in the bureaus of the other war divisions of the Department of Labor.  Possibly this contact aught to take tne form of a  regular meeting of such administrators, including Miss Lathrop. 2.  Establishment of contacts with women administrators  in the industrial services of the other del,)artmeats of the Govern— ment. 3.  Establishment of contacts wit  the administration  of matters affecting woman in industry in the various states. 4.  Establishment of regular means of cooperaAon with  5.  Establishment of regular means of cooperation with  workers.  employers. 6.  The education of the public generally on matters  affecting women in industry. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Felix Frankfurter.  •  DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY WASHINGTON  Ju.y 15,1918. WAT, LAJA ?ui,ICIES BOARD  ivy dear Miss Van Kleeck: At a meeting of the War Labor Policies Bo.trd held on July 12,1918 the attached ciluse  aling with the :)bservunce of state and local laws  was formally ar proved and adopted.  A motion was also passed directing  me to call this clause to the attention of the members of the Board with the relaest that they take steps to see that this clause is immediately included in all contracts hereafter let by their respective d apartments. The other proposed clauses have not been formall*dopted 'DA this clause was formally adopted and the decision of the Board was that it should be put into effect immediately. Cordially yours,  cutive Secretary  Miss Mary Van Kleeck, Ordnance Dept., 6th and B. Sts., Tashington, D.C. GLB:GKG Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY WASHINGTON  !;1 LABOR POLICIES BOARD.  July 29, 1918.  My dear Miss Van Kleeck: Enclosed please find copy of self-explanatory letter mailed Ju y 26, 1918, to all Commissioners of Gonciliqtion. This is one step taken at the instigation of the board, and part of the generul endeavor to co-ordinbte the adjustment agencies of the various departments of the government.  Cordially yours,  Encl. Ex cutive Secretary.  'Aso tiv,.ry Van Kleeck, Chief Noman's Div. Women in Ind. Curay bid., 8th & U street, Room 604. Washington, D. C. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY WASHINGTON  Commissioner of Conciliation, Dear Sir: In order to facilitate the adjustment of labor disputes involving employers and employees engaged in war industries, it is very important that all mediatorial agencies of the Government work in harmony and cooperation. To that end it is desired that when a Conciliator is assigned to an industrial dispute in which either the War or Navy Department has a representative on the ground or contemplates the assignment of one, the Conciliator, in order to avoid duplication of effort and complications that may follow unless there is concerted action, should in all cases confer with the representative assigned by the War or Navy Department and endeavor by close cooperation to facilitate an adjustment in the interest of uninterrupted production of These instructions should also apply to necessary war materials. cases in which the Shipping Board, the Railroad Administration or the War Industries Board is concerned. In turn it may be stated that the foregoing instructions will be taken up with the other Departments and divisions of the Government concerned in order that they may direct their representatives to cooperate with the Commissioners of Conciliation of this Department. We would also request that when assigned to a case and you find it involves an industry affecting any of the aforesaid Departments, no representative of which has as yet arrived on the ground, you immediately communicate with the Department of Labor 30 that we may effect complete cooperation at this end. Respectfully yours,  Director, Labor Adjustment Service.  2 Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY WASHINGTON  WAR LABOR POLICIES BOARD  July 27, 1918.  My dear Miss Van Kleeck: In order to clarify the provision concerning the employment of child labor, the enclosed contract ",...•••••••••••  clause was amended at the meeting of the Board on July 26th by inserting the words "Provided, that" in the fourth line. Would you please take appropriate steps to see that this amendment is duly noted by the contracting officers of your department. I f Cordially,  XeC  Enclosure. Miss Mary Van Kleeck, Ouray Building, Eighth and G Streets, Washington, D. C.  ive Secre a .  As Ar-ended July 26, 17312.  LOS An R7STRICTIONS RnATIVE TO LABOR:  All worl: recluired in carrying  ance with the la-is of out this contract shall be performed in full co=li such labor is performthe State, Territory or District of Columbia, -there in the performance of this ed; provided, that the contractor shall not er:ploy minor undor the ae of fourtern years or permit any contract any :-inor 8 hours in any one betwnen the aze of 14 and 16 years to work more than :, or after 7 p.m. day, z_loi.e than six days in any one wool:, or beforo 6a411person Nor shall the contractor directly or indirectly =ploy any ed undergoiz been impos sentence of imprisoniLmt at hard labor vi.hich :_ay have by a court of any State, Territory, or municipality, havin  criinal juris-  United States may diction, Provided, hawser, that the President of the the e...,ployment by executive order, iedify this provision with respect to which such labor of convict labor and provide the terms and conditions upon may be employed. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  contracts This provision shall be of thc essence of tho  • DEPARTMENT OF LABOR WAR LABOR POLICIES BOARD. July 27th, 1918  LET110  Miss Van Kleedk, To: From: MX. Bell, In re: MX Donald Riley unable to serve on coffimittee. Referring :to you for attention the attached letter from MX. Donald Riley, in which he states that he will not be able to serve on the cammittee on the employment of women in chemical industries. Encl. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  I)"•5•2 1).1  e  itgielima-  N.Ord.6  IN REPLY ADDRESS  BUREAU OF ORDNANCE, NAVY DEPARTMENT AND REFER TO  BUREAU OF ORDNANCE  (R2)-0 SLZ. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  NAVY DEPARTMENT  NO  WASHINGTON, D. C.  Sir:I reA-ret to inform you that by direction of the Chief of Bureau I must decline service as member of the special committee appointed to advise the Division of Women in Industry regarding the possible employment of women in the chemical industries of Niagara Falls. It is considered that my present duties would disallow such service. Very truly yours,  Lieut. Comdr. U.S.F.R.F. Mr. Felix Frankfurter, Chairman, War Labor Policies Board, Department of Labor, Washington, D.C.  )tv  "(TEN  rr l'a:STRv J  0, 7,  MFMRANDUM Fcr  - Labor Policies Board Mr. Frunkfurtere Charnam rat  From:  Miss Van Kuck  of Miss CoPfe Subject: Poesible Ilse of services Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  s to secure Miss Major R. H. rtitchell hope Cop,) to take charge  wort in the of an Important section of his  on. Bureau of Aircraft Producti  out If this plan is not carried  cially Co ;p to join our stlff, espe I have in mind asking Mien e Derartments of Labor. to work out our relations with Stat of J1137 15th, I should In rely to your letter the rossibility of her being be glad also tr discuss with you cies of the work of the War Labor Poli r,latel to some other aspect Board.  Director, romer in Industry Service.  DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY WAR LABOR POLICIES BOARD WASHINGTON  January 15, 1916. •  Vail Kleck: This is to remind  u that the ::ar Labor Policies  3oard will meet on Friday, January 17th, at 10 A. M. at 1607 H .3treet. Cordially yours,  Miss Mary Van Kleeck, Southern Building, H Street, 15th Washington, D. C. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Execut ye Secretary.  BEFORE THE NAT/ONAL WAR TABOR BOARD. ......... rintraiiiii4talbee  In the employment U.11 conductors Natione.1 War 1.4bor B4Aird employeeo and tneDetroit  erasme0.  matter of the tight*, of women to secure and retain on electric railways, and as affected br award of the renuered in the arbitration of difficulties between United Railway, July Biet, IeJR.  lhe Women eonductors, Aseociation, convisting of *omen employed ee oonducLors on the netroit United Pei3wey, !leirt In:  That, o;:in to the neoesaity, i-re! r7rf. etiJ' .er eveAlable ty to eporate suilicien1 nuteber of care to accomodate the public, opportuni e. W ee throen open to thee to beoomu condoc+er  That, ainoe Soptinbor 191, 390 'o.en euulified themvelves and sere given *permit Cards" by theaesociation and have assumed their duties .11 conduction) or the rotroit United Rdi14ay; thet no oreoeition to their empleyaade 4nti4 end month el December wiien fifteen women were refused permit e.ent cards y the Amalo.Amated Aeeociation of Street and Electric Reileeey Nployss of America, end notice elven that all women must be off the cere by January 1s), 1919.  Met, eccordine to findilice ef thie Renoraele Boarki, Au mede to contained ih Locket f4;,, Hit iv understuod that ht) opeuvition shall be the employ:Lent of women ***** if necessit7 arieee.0 Re maintain that the necessity did arise and utile exists; that nerd are not a suffioient number of care ir operetton et the pre:sent timafter to accomodate the betroit pubis; that these wocen ausumed their position p for rolAwrehi freployer, their of requeut the et , s firut present ng themeelve given evil) ane fee n initiatio required the pLeid we, univn; that they did in oeold permit c&rdf, .141d the promise th..t, dftor twiration of ninity dela, the; uties their erase per! y faithfull have tney be admiLted ant° the union; that . and ere recLiving equel zoteensetion with tneir brot' r e-eloteee -4. That they eat eith ro orroeitier fror th- Amaketed Iii until it apparent Assoclatien o, Serest and iiestria Railway Eeployees of Amorica et the tire that over;* ly occurred to , fev of !to memberso that tFe "-ear par been these woelen cemeonced work az conductors, over twelve hundred men who had in en)teted ey Tr , e oither draftea or In theserviee of tho Detroit Unitee employ eervice overseas ; others f r reacone best knave to themselves, left the xi of the Detroit Vetted Peilway el•d foune employment oith ehip-buildine former positiens munition concern; the soldiers have not returned to eemano their  Under the terns of award 68 contained in Docket 132, fore* during which award took effect June let, 1918, gams wam tP continue in Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  ice, nO the war, and while astual hostilities have abated owing to the armist majority treaty of pease hove been sign.*; few soldiers have returned and the of those who have returned %re not uveilable for employment. 4?he award elm) provided that "either porty may reeopen the ing February came before aebitratcrs t ”riolo cf six months' interval, beeine ary.* 1st, 1919, for such adjustment as changmd conditions may rendor necess  We a,Aiin t114t tho action taen by tho oenin aaoociation of notice that /ell Eamon be off thecars in r*fusing ieralt code aod the zieing by JauwAry 14t, is io violation of the award; that this is a matter referable —; Woman Conductors. Acaociation as oell aa the to ai.olioa‘ore Oefore ohom ';1, Union or tho compony might a[pear. The neceoulo;. 4!110:1 fcroed, or at loaet invited, tee,tio women tie:7 hve into service on street reilways voos met by them in a herolo 40. oo ,1'(3 continuing to ;,‘01.1,‘ LQ0,i soreloo 0.VO4 famine Ai.ny of thoxl woNon ara supporting familieu, oore Inrge y. countr while their husokondo, LAthoro or Orothors arc* in tho smrvico of their their fore Moroto Department. Many haws reoeived the fotal weenie from the War tho rootaurant, ond private as wages suoh from el suoplit needs aooe boon sceettly home or tho place beatod thecountor might afford. Michigan Thoon roman have the same vote ao man in tim State of oie reupos and that fact waa deterolined the fifth limy of 30Nembc.x, 1918.; thoir have they oervice of Loo Steto io ego-1 to that of troir boothers; the r —nethe their eork *oil, ooA, oogardleta ao to ilit' to .11monstrated they are tar io tiVt/A ur oot, if they were zood enouj to oeroo daring the war, ie oveo. war toe good enough to continue in serorico after  might The aoArd pruviaeu a Ina' to !eltorAlqd tliffioultios t;!.,A by the Amalgallated • arive octwocn eoployer and employee but it 'nee been ignored a arc a otrike Assoeiation of Street and Eleotric Railway aployome of Americ d cars are tied hundre throe tYrrooteoeO if the woioon Itre not discharged, though 0ri., o.nd otal00 of Oirth ca up in thebarno at tho proaent tiee in 4ccoitnt energy thoir and time their though these women who aro now employed havo giVen ao bevy. Ilvrt %nci :o ‘0 co in meirving the pt4lic 4;411e, havo .AccuireO they which upon wage a oarn omployed lonu, enoughto oake it poesible For them to . Nonnor ol)le o roopoct ndente Can Bayport thonoelveo co their Wø believe that the union is in contempt, but we also corbined tk; aituxLen of believe that t414 or ards phip—y in .o previously engagod thommeIves with demand.) of profiteers wl. that ever, ho trot o' !'orot.otfo7. thc Or—ft. Tvoo munition piontot to is as vote her whore tney sore raising the question of tile rizhts of womonin a State to fact...a the, good as the vote of ony onion tan. An *•1.eo o' ,loo ton and follow it as long as whether or not sho 11:;:w tla right to sbooii hr 'ccup.L chiArttcter should sho rill. 11 holieve the tiono has come then rootrictions of thie a singlo occupation be raroved, ir ouch rostrictione actually taiut. 716 }nor of not do not know any barring the entrance of man if he chootlee to engage in it, and cticne concerning htr rcasenable reason why a woman should be handicapped by restri choice of amployment mernly b000muc she io !roman. VIERETORT, re , as women conductors and os citizene of a t our plea for State wherein two uharc equal resooneibilitieo with men, subjoc for an award in ask and Board, equal consideration with men before this Honorable to cintinue to us ting pereit d, which all restrictions on account of sex be remove such employente are 0.1.;rote as corductors and oertithr- other 'corer to unlify and wee ss, distre ment. We have served on street cars while pur country was in arily volunt we until contend that we axe good enouoh to continue in that service retire. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  1918. Respectfully submitted this 12th day of December, WOMEN CONDUCTORS, ASSOCIATION  Py  DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY WASHINGTON  wrE'N IN INDUSTRY SERVICE July 24, l'18.  Labor Policies Board, MEMORAMUM FOR MR. FRANKFURTER, Chairran, War From Miss Van Kleeck. Miss The attached extract fror a letter from e, brings up the questio,Pauline Goldmark, National Consumers' Leagu e Department. of our working relations with th4 Post Offic  As it  ion and co-operation, seems tc me an important matter of co-ordinat g any action. I am bringing it to your attention before takin  Per-  ate a plan of co-operahaps you will think it the occasion to initi ce and the Post Office tion between the Woren in Industry Servi Department. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  .[ Director, Women in Industry Service.  REPRESENTING EMPLOYERS  REPRESENTI NG LAB01  LOYALL A. OSBORNE C. E. MICHAEL W. H. VAN DERVOORT H. H. RICE ALTERNATR B. L. WORDEN C. A. CROCKER ALTERNATE F.C. HOOD JOHN F PERKINS. AL TERNATH  WILLIAM 14. TAFT  FRANK P WALSH  JOINT CHAIRMEN  FREDERIC N. JUDSON  WM. HARMAN BLACK  VICE CHAIRMEN  W. JETT LAUCK, SECRETARY  FRANK J. HAYES ADAM WILKINSON. AL TPR kTg W. L. HUTCHESON T. M. GUERIN. ALTERNATE THOMAS J. SAVAGE WM. H. JOHNSTON. AL I ERNATi2 VICTOR A. OLANDER MATTHEW woLL ALTERNATE T. A. RICKERT JOHN J. MANNING. ALTER .1AT3  NATIONAL WAR LABOR .BOARD  V  WASH I NGTON  Proclamation by the President of the United States. l Functions, powers, and duties of the Board. Principles and policies to govern relations between workers and employers. Method of presenting complaints and procedure of Board. Resolution passed by Board, July 31, 1918  NATIONAL WAR LABOR BOARD. PROCLAMATION BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. Whereas in January, nineteen hundred and eighteen, the Secretary of Labor, upon the nomination of the president of the American Federation of Labor and the president of the National Industrial Conference Board, appointed a War Labor Conference Board for the purpose of devising for the period of the war a method of labor adjustment which would be acceptable to employers and employees; and Whereas said board has made a report recommending the creation for the period of the war of a National War Labor Board with the same number of members as, and to be selected by the same agencies that created, the War Labor Conference Board, whose duty it shall be to adjust labor disputes; in the manner specified, and in accordance with certain conditions set forth in the said report; and Whereas the Secretary of Labor has, in accordance with the recommendation contained in the report of said War Labor Conference Board dated March 29, 1918, appointed as members of the National War Labor Board lion. William Howard Taft and lion. Frank P. Walsh, representatives of the general public of the United States; Messrs. Loyal' A. Osborne, L. F. Loree, W. 11. Van Dervoort, C. a Michael, and B. L. Worden, representatives of the employers of the United States; and Messrs. Frank J. Hayes, William L. Hutcheson, William If. Johnston, Victor A. Olander, and T. A. Rickert, representatives of the employees of the United States: Now, therefore, 1, Woonnow WILSON", President of the United States of America, do hereby approve and affirm the said appointments and make due proclamation thereof and of the following for the information and guidance of all concerned: The powers, functions, and duties of the National War Labor Board shall be to settle by mediation and conciliation controversies arising between employers and workers in fields of production necessary for the effective conduct of the war, or in other fields of national activity, delays and obstructions in which might, in the opinion of the National Board, affect detrimentally such production; to provide, by direct appointment, or otherwise, for committees or boards Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  81T02 —1S  2 to sit in various parts of the country where controversies arise and secure settlement by local mediation and conciliation) and to summon the parties to controversies for hearing and action by the National Board in event of failure to secure settlement by mediation and conciliation. The principles to be observed and the methods to be followed by the National Board in exercising such powers and functions and performing such duties shall be those specified in the said report of the War Labor Conference Board dated March 29, 1918, a complete copy of which is hereunto appended. The National Board shall refuse to take cognizance of a controversy between employer and workers in'any field of industrial or other activity where there is by agreement or Federal law a means of settlement which has not been coked. And I do hereby urge upon all employers and employees within the United States the necessity of utilizing the means and methods thus provided for the adjustment of all industrial disputes, and request that during the pendency of mediation or arbitration through the said means and methods, there shall be no discontinuance of industrial operations which would result in curtailment of the production of war necessities. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done in the District of Columbia, this eighth day of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and eighteen, and of the independence of the United States the one hundred and forty-second. WooDRO W WILSON. [SEAL.] By the President: ROBERT LANSING, Secretary of State.  FUNCTIONS, POWERS, AND DUTIES OF THE BOARD. The functions and powers of the National War Labor Board are as follows: fro bring about a settlement, by mediation and conciliation, of every controversy arising between employers and workers in the field of production necessary for the effective conduct of the war. To do the same thing in similar controversies in other fields of national activity, delays and obstructions in which nay, in the opinion of the National Board, affect detrimentally such production. To provide such machinery, by direct appointment or otherwise, for the selection of committees or boards to sit in various parts of the country where controversies arise, to secure settlement by local mediation and conciliation. To summon the parties to the controversy for hearing and action by the National Board in case of failure to secure settlement by local mediation and conciliation. lithe sincere and determined effort of the National Board shall fail to bring about a voluntary settlement and the members of the board shall be unable unanimously to agree upon a decision, then and in that case and only as a last resort an umpire appointed in the manner provided in the next paragraph shall hear and finally decide the controversy under simple rules of procedure prescribed by the National Board. The members of the National Board shall choose the umpire by unanimous vote. Failing such choice, the name of the umpire shall be drawn by lot from a list of ten suitable and disinterested persons to be nominated for the purpose by the President of the United States. The National Board shall hold its regular meetings in the city of Washington, with power to meet at any other place convenient for the board and the occasion. The National Board may alter its methods and practice in settlement of controversies hereunder from time to time as experience may suggest. The National Board shall refuse to take cognizance of a controversy between employer and workers in any field of industrial or other activity where there is by agreement or Federal law a means of settlement which has not been invoked. The place of each member of the National Board unavoidably detained from attending one or more of its sessions may be filled by a substitute to be named by such member as his regular substitute. The substitute shall have the same representative character as his principal. The National Board shall have power to appoint a secretary and to create such other clerical organization under it as may be in its judgment necessary for the discharge of its duties. The National Board may apply to the Secretary of Labor for authority to use the machinery of the Department in its work of conciliation and mediation. The action of the National Board may be invoked, in respect to controversies within its jurisdiction, by the Sricretary of Labor or by either side in a controversy or its duly authorized representative. The board, after summary consideration, may refuse further hearing if the case is not of such character or importance as to justify it. In the appointment of committees of its own members to act for the board in general or local matters, and ia the creation of local committees, the employers and the workers shall be equally represented. The representatives of the public in the board shall preside alternately at successive sessions of the board or as • agreed upon. The board in its mediating and conciliatory action, and the umpire in his consideration of a controversy, Ehnl1 governed by the following principles:  W Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  3 PRINCIPLES AND POLICIES TO GOVERN RELATIONS BETWEEN WORKERS AND EMPLOYERS IN WAR INDUSTRIES FOR THE DURATION OF THE WAR. There should be no strikes or lockouts during the war.  ISTING ONDITIONS. In establishments where the union shop exists the same shall continue, and the union standards as to wages, hours of labor, and other conditions of employment shall be maintained. In establishments where union and nonunion men and women now work together and the employer meets only with employees or representatives engaged in said establishments, the continuance of such conditions shall not be deemed a grievance. This declaration, however, is not intended in any manner to deny the right or discourage the practice of the formation of labor unions or the joining of the same by the workers in said establishments, as guaranteed in the preceding section, nor to prevent the War Labor Board from urging or any umpire from granting, under the machinery herein provided, improvement of their situation in the matter of wages, hours of labor, or other conditions as shall be found desirable from time to time. Established safeguards and regulations for the protection of the health and safety of workers shall not be relaxed. WOMEN IN INDUSTRY. If it shall become necessary to employ women on work ordinarily performed by men, they must be allowed equal pay for equal work and must not be allotted tasks disproportionate to their strength. HOURS OF LABOR. The basic eight-hour day is recognized as applying in all cases in which existing law requires it. In all other cases the question of hours of labor shall be settled with due regard to governmental necessities and the welfare, health, and proper comfort of the workers. MAXIMUM PRODUCTION. The maximum production of all war industries should be maintained and methods of work and operation on the part of employers or workers which operate to delay or limit production, or which have a tendency to artificially increase the cost thereof, should be discouraged. MOBILIZATION OF LABOR. For the purpose of mobilizing the labor supply with a view to its rapid and effective distribution, a permanent list of the numbers of skilled and o;her workers available in different parts of the country shall be kept on file by the Department of Labor, the information to be constantly furnished1. By the trade-unions. 2. By State employment bureaus and Federal agencies of like character. 3. By the managers and operators of industrial establishments throughout the country. These agencies shall be given opportunity to aid in the distribution of labor as necessity demands. CUSTOM OF LOCALITIES. In fixing wages, hours, and conditions of labor, regard should always be had to the labor standards, wage scales, and other conditions prevailing in the localities affected. THE LIVING WAGE. 1. The right of all workers, including common laborers, to a living wage is hereby declared. 2. In fixing wages, minimum rates of pay shall be established which will insure the subsistence of the worker and his family in health and reasonable comfort. METHOD OF PRESENTING COMPLAINTS AND PROCEDURE OF BOARD. Any person desiring to bring before the National War Labor Board an issue between employer and employees, of which the board has cognizance, shall deliver to the secretary of the board a written statement, signed by him, with his proper post-office address at his home and in Washington. The statement shall contain a brief description of the grievance and the names of the persons or corporations against whom he complains, with their post-office address. Where an employer and employees both desire to submit a controversy to the board they shall sign a short joint statement of the issue between them, with their respective post-office addresses, and request the action of the board. They shall deliver this signed statement to the secretary of the board. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  4 All documents in controversies in which the Secretary of Labor invokes the action of the board shall be delivered to the secretary of the board. Such complaints,submissions,and references by the Secretary of Labor shall be received by the secretary of the board and filed in his office, and indorsed with the date of filing. •• f 11 ce l i s su missi is and references, and  (ni p oyees SD e, siii (e appointed to act for the board, the members to be name( )y ie join c i. . of the respective groups of the board. These members shall be called a section of the board, and shall hear aml adjust cases assigned to them. If they can not effect any adjustment, they shall summarize and analyze the facts and present the same to the board with their recomniendations. The National Board may appoint permanent local committees in any city or district to act in cases therein arising. In the selection of such local committees, recommendations will be received by the National Board from associations of employers and from the central labor body of the city or district and other properly interested groups. Sections of the board are authorized to appoint temporary local committees where permanent local committees have not been appointed by the board. A it rrnAmr:, • When the board, after due effort of its own, through sections, local committees, or otherwise. finds it impossible to settle a controversy, the board shall then sit as a board of arbitration, decide the controversy, and make an award. if it can reach a unanimous conclusion. If it can not do this, then it shall select an umpire, as provided, who shall sit with the board, review the issues, and render his award. COORDINATION OF THE WORK OF EXISTING BOARDS. To comply with the direction of the President in his proclamation of April 8, 1918, constituting the National War Labor Board, this board will hear appeals in the following cases: Where the principles established by the President in such proclamation have been violated. Where an award made by a board has not been put into effect by employers, or where the employees have refused o accept or abide by such award. To determine questions of jurisdiction as between Government boards. Appeals will not be heard by the National War Labor Board from the decisions of regularly constituted boards of appeal, nor from any other board to revise findings of fact.  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY NATIONAL WAR LABOR BOARD JULY 31, 1918. Resolved, That the National War Labor Board deems it an appropriate time to invite the attention of employers and workers alike to the wisdom of composing their differences in accord with the principles governing the National War Labor Board, which were approved and promulgated by the President in his proclamation of April 8, 1918; That this war is not only a war of arms, but also a war of workshops; a competition in the quantitative production and distribution of munitions and war supplies, a contest in industrial resourcefulness and energy; That the period of the war is not a normal period of industrial expansion from which the employer should expect unusual profits or the employees abnormal wages; that it is an interregnum in which industry is pursued only for common cause and common ends; That capital should have only such reasonable returns as will assure its use for the world's and Nation's cause. while the physical well-being of labor and its physical and mental effectiveness in a comfort reasonable in view of the exigencies of the war should likewise be assured; That this board should be careful in its conclusions not to make orders in this interregnum, based on approved views of progress in normal times, which, under war conditions, might seriously impair the present economic structure of our country; That the declaration of our principles as to the living wage and an established minimum should be construed in the light of these considerations: That for the present the board or its sections should consider and decide each case involving these principles on its particular facts and reserve any definite rule of decision until its judgments have been sufficiently numerous and their operation sufficiently clear to make generalization safe. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  WASHINGTON : GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 19IR