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November 30, 1954.

MEMORANDUM FOR MR. ECCLES:
The so-called "Economy Act", as amended by
Title IV of the Act making appropriations for the
Treasury and Post Office Departments for the fiscal
year ending June 50, 1934, defines the term "executive agency" as meaning any commission, independent
establishment, board, bureau, division, service, or
office in the executive branch of the Government and
with a certain exception includes the executive departments. It empowers the President to transfer the
whole or any part of any executive agency and/or the
functions thereof to the jurisdiction and control of
any other executive agency; to consolidate the functions vested in any executive agency; to abolish the
whole or any part of any executive agency and/or the
functions thereof; and to designate and fix the name
and functions of any consolidated activity or executive
agency and the title, power and duties of its executive
head*

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The exception as to executive departments is
that the President shall not have the authority under
this title to abolish or transfer an executive department and/or all the functions thereof.
The Act provides that whenever the Bresident
makes an executive order under this title such executive
order shall be submitted to the Congress while in session
and shall not become effective until after the expiration
of sixty calendar days after such transmission unless
Congress shall by law provide for an earlier effective
date of such executive order. There are a number of
other incidental provisions but the foregoing is sufficient to give you the high points of the President's authority and the limitations thereon.

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