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1713 White hell Ave«,
Decatur) Illinois

Mr. Marriner S. Eccles
Chairman, Federal Reserve Board
Washington, D. C.
Dear Sir:
If my memory is correct, the last time an increase was made
in the member bankrs reserve requirements in the Federal Reserve, after
about six or eight months there was such a contraction of credit that
we -were thrown into a business tailspin and it "will happen again just
as sure as you put the plan into practice, if passed by Congress*
Being in your position you only see statistics and figures
that appear possibly alarming, but to look behind those statistics
and find out the realness of them is another thing* Does the governm­
ent need support for it's bonds and must interest rates be increased?
How much better off the government will be if business continues at
the present level and the hugh taxes continue to roll in than it will
be by a contraction of business and higher interest rates, you know
better than I know.
With more natural wealth in our country now, it is only
natural that all statistical figures should be greater and when we are
speaking in terms of billions and considering an increase of over
t0% in comparison with 1939 then the figures become alarming, but are
There are many, many small businesses that are not in a good
financial position today, and if they are no longer permitted to
borrow mcney from the banks they will be forced to close, yet some of
them will survive if permitted to work out their problems, and the
number one problem for all business today is the rising costs of doing
business* Wait another year or two and natural causes, that is,
supply and demand will have worked to clear up the causes of anxiety
to predominent today, in the form of an overexpansion of credit in
certain lines, then the decline.will be slow, no protracted effects
will be felt and no one will/a^great concern, but i§ the government
sets off a decline by manttpidiations of the Federal Reserve then there
will be a great many unhappy people, who vete, and won't forget*
Being no banker, nor business man, nor politician either,
my only interest in writing you is to let you know that this boom
will wear off gradually without any outside controls, and natural
wearing is alwayB much better for the greater portion of our popul­

Yours truly,

December 15, 1947*

Mr. Lyman J. JJavis, Jr.,
1718 »ihitch ell Avenue,
Decatur, Illinois.
Dear Mr. Davis:
I read with interest your undated letter which I
infer relates to the board's special reserve proposal. It
is not clear whether you have seen tjie statements that I
made, before the Joint Committee on the Economic Report in
Wiich'I set forth the background of this proposal, there­
fore I am enclosing copies of my statements of November
and December 10, 1947* I wpuld like particularly to call
your attention to the fact' referred to on page
of my
statement of December 10 that the Federal advisory Council
(composed of twelvfe leading bankers from all banks of the
United States) in .December 1940. joined with the presidents
of the twelve Federal Keserve Banks and the Board of Governors
in 1a recommendation to the Congress' of a plan for raising
Reserve requirements which Would have o^en more onerous and
drastic than the one currently Under consideration.
whatever may De the final decision as to the kind
of program that /(ill best meet the' present situation, I
believe that there is a growing and. healthy appreciation of
the necessity for a constructive viewpoint rather than a
wholly passive attitude. The instinctive preference for
both waiting "another year or two" and relying upon "natural
causes" has contributed to the severity of booms and busts
and I am sure that many people feel that v;e c,annot safely
refrain f*ont doing something about the situation
Sincerely yours,

M. S. Eccles,


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