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Ad C fOLbe_12_ 2. DC. tv.."2.‘(JAL:RAVI-L._ Ltd-ir> U1.1.4(> LETTER MAIL DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY WASHINGTON.D. C. OFFICIAL BUSINESS )qe-ro /IJ (fut4 (AJGLAJ PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE TO AVIJ;D PAYMENT OF FOOTAGE, $300 'MOW" 4 4 1 1 ( '` • / Ptc z wto r; i PAid M ENT OF LABOR JUL 7 *1920' Director of Nero Economics f r — - /7 -r--ZT • ct (-4 (I PL17 -- • 4 August 17, 1920. L. Henry S. lantin„tou Aseociate Ultra. The Uhristlaa 'ilorAez 10 Fifth ATOMS Tow Yor:i' City. • r n: Basixabling •;,;(:yoir inquli7 about best Awe for your yo.Ang friena Demurer= for hi3 ocluoution T. think Is vcr, /11 'Jo yo11 :Jr hi:11 `,.c liam,..iten ean. 7)t • ttaace. lie s1iou.1.1 write at =co to the 2.)r. .111. Gregg. It tJit be wall also to inquire at 1..irr.1.2.11. about ei4th grails *.-..r./rk; al:Jo at the Bl rionto-mi hig; *oriel:quota D.J., :ad. at •Jargui.:.oflo e,DUktinere, i. The Sordent owt 3ohool is q stata relrol v1th goal equiwent eat I am aura Irxie Met. It !z i Pc -1 under a camwoteut marl sad. zigtv.. be the Feat 01see .71r 'Lta fc:1- two or throe yir:rs if be la latablo to ..;ot in44i Beeplion. eir: ot111 oonuootet iurt-tine with %Ili) Do , Lrtmout of labor aal .a:.eiciaz hale 71sehin7t,:i. it /That ter other plans w1.11 be Z an not able i; say. I lha3.1 ha „loeci to accept your invitation for an exticle in "The ahriatia,n Worker" lout shall send 071 90Me thl OC as that I can get tins to prepare some matter about Negro workars. With many corlial greetinTs, I a..= H/111,0 156 THE CRISIS ADVERTISER HERE IS YOUR OPPORTUNITY TO SECURE A WOODVILLE COUNTRY ESTArr, CONSISTING OF 10 OR 20 ACRES OR MORE FOR PER ONLY $3250 ACRE VERY EASY TERMS Special advertising discounts to those who act quickly Free Lot With Each 10-Acre Tract! We have only a limited number of Woodville estates for sale, making quick action necessary. People from all over the country will want these estates, which means that they will all be sold within a short time. Get yours before it's too late. Send for booklet containing full details. IT'S FREE. Address THE SWAN - ARENSON REALTY & DEVELOPMENT CO. 19 SOUTH LA SALLE STREET ir I CHICAGO, ILL. 1 THE SWAN-ARENSON REALTY & DEVELOPMENT CO., CHICAGO, ILL. Date 192 GENTLEMEN :—Please send me full particulars about your Woodville offer without any obligation to me. 1 Name I 1 Address 1 I I I I I Town State I __ _J Mention THE CRISIS. 4 • 155 THE CRISIS ADVERTISER Cleota J. Collins Lyric Soprano "Judging from the appearance of a large number of music lovers, her sweet lyric voice held them spellbound. She was applauded again and again after each number."— Boston Chronicle. Address: 156 HAMILTON AVENUE, COLUMBUS, OHIO E. ALDAMA JACKSON Art Graduate of Institute of Musical Organist-Director of Music of St. Marks M: E. Church; Concert Accompanist; Piano, Voice, Theory, Instruction, Conducting, Coaching. Harmony taught from beginning to completion. Private or correspondence. Geothius system. Studio: 185 W. 185th St., New York, N. Y. Telephone Morningside 1708. They Played For The Crowned Heads of Europe— They Are Now Playing For You! HE'LL FIGHTERS 369TH BAND, INC. HELL FIGHTERS 369TH ORCHESTRA Composed of the some musicians that made this band the actuation of Europe during the "WORLD WAR." ENGAGEMENTS SOLICITED eno Mikell, Conductor Lieut. F' W. Woodruff Chlsurn. Secretary .los. W. Grey, Mgr. treet, New York, N. Y. 176 West JOSEPHINE A.JUNIUS SPECIAL CONTRALTO -sow is the ioss.--.1 ot a Contralto voice, lovely in qualit), which she uses artistically."()scar Sacriger. AVAILABLE FOR CONCERTS New York, N. Y. 74 W. 142nd Street, $1.50 The CRISIS one year The BROWNIES' BOOK one year - 1.50 One year's subscription to each if ordered $2.50 together SONGS Clarence Cameron White Violinist Recitals, Concerts, Instruction Studio: 616 Columbus Avenue Boston, Mass. That the Whole Country Is Whistling! "I'VE COME BACK To YOU." wonderful ballad. "I AN YOU FORGET," being featured by leading stage artists. "SHELL SHOCK SHAKY' on U. S. piano records. "lN A GARDEN," sentimental "YOU SHO KNOW HOW TO STRUT YOUR STUFF," ittaz melody. '25 cents per copy, or will mail the five numbers to you for only $1. Address Hell Fighters 369th Band, 176 W. 135th St., New York, N. Y. MUSIC FOR CONCERT AND HOME PICKANINNY 30c ROSE A Wonderful Lullaby which will add to any repertoire Now You An Egyptian Intermezzo for Piano Study IT'S YOUR 30c THAT THING CALLED SPHINX, by J. Berni Barbour 30c Can Learn All About It 30c MOVE NOW Sung by Bert Williams on Columbia Record No. 2778-A MAUVOLEYENE WALTZ 30c A Sweet, Flowing Movement by Frerfk M. Bryan THINKING OF THEE Another Beautiful Concert Number BEAUTIFUL LAND 30c by 11. 11. Roc OF DREAMS 15c A Wonderful Ballad with a Heart Throb LOVIN' BLUES 15c SAXOPHONE BLUES 15c A Typical Blues Song Hear It On Eiaerson Records I WONDER IF YOUR LOVING HEART STILL PINES FOR ME 15c EV'RYTHING IS GOING UP 15c A Song for All Lovers, Beautiful Music 15c REMEMBER AND BE CAREFUL More Truth Than Poetry Advice from a Mother to Her Child THINK OF CHASING ME LITTLE DADDY As great a favorite as "A Good Man Is Hard to Find" BLIND MAN'S BLUES THE BLUES by Al. Piantadosi 15c Easy to Play and Long Remembered 15c 15c The Funniest Song Ever Written All of these songs may be had from your music dealer or direct from the publishers. Y, .itr. INN 1.54EvrooRy: Inc., . PACE & HANDY MUSIC CO., Mention THE CRISIS. 4111 SKIDMORE-RIEHLE LAND COMPANY ql1CCESSORS TO SKID INIC)F? E LAND Co. FARM Or TIMBER LANDS r MARINETTE,WiS. September 10,1920 0ir,7r , 1*Juwylc Mr. Geo. E. Haynes, Dir. Negro Economics, Department of Labor, Washington, D.C. OE Dear Sir: Fr) EOEIV1 JO INAL8WJAO 03A1333U Under separate cover we are sending you copies of our literature, which will rive you a very good idea of the country we are operating in. We have carried on a successful colonization business for the past twenty years, and our County has grown in an agricultural way greatly in that time. We have found by all odds thet the most successful way of meeting the various problems that have come up, has been through cooperative effort. We have always shaped these movements in such a way that they were laid down on business principles. I will cite two instances which will probably illustrate the way we have handled our problems. In 1915, State reports gave Marinette County a credit of 250,000 per year for dairy output; in 1917 the same report gave us a credit of ,:,1,000,000 yearly output, and today the output is nearly . 2,000,000 annually. We have here a natural grass country and we can grow very excellent corn for ensilage purposes. Corn, clover and cows look very good to us. A silo campaign was inaugur ated, aided by our local agricultural school, which built forms for the making of a solid concrete silo and loaned them to the farmers free of charge and where necessary, helped and directed them in the construction. This silo campaign was given a lot of publicity and many of the silo manufacturers put men in the field to sell their product. The result of this silo campaign has been the constru ction of nearly twelve -hundred silos in this County. Along with this campaign, there was one started urging the purchase of more and better cattle. In order to help matters out, local business men lent their names to a guarantee, which guarantee was used by three Trustees in endorsing farmers' notes for the purchase of livestock. The farmer was then given an opportunity to buy cattle and pay for them on a basis of about half of what the cow produced per month, and was given three years' time on each animal if they desired it, with interest at 6,% The guarant ee on the back of the farmers' notes made it absolutely good at any Bank in the County. That this plan was a good one is shown by the fact that thirty carloads of cattle were bought and deliver ed to farmers uhder it, and the guarantors will not have to make good a single penny, as all of the notes have been well taken care of. This cattle buying plan is still in vogue here, although in a little different form, and will in all probability finance one-hun dred to G.E.H.-#2 out3-hundred fifty of these cattle purchases this year. Marinette County has been riven credit for several years past for the clearing of approximately three-thousand acres of new land each year. About a year ago it was thought that Marinette County was not clearing enough land and that much more could be done. Therefore, an Association was formed which has over one -thousand members, ninety percent of whom are the farmers and new settlers in the County, called the Marinette County Land Clearing Association. This Association immediatP1V sought the cooperation of the Department of Land Clearing, College of Engineering, University of V;isconsin, and were assured of their entire support. The DuPont Powder Company, who have been working for some years in connection with the Department of Engineering, offered their assistance, which was gladly accepted. A plan of campaign was mapped out and a goal set at clearing eighteenthousand acres in 1920, or six times as much as had ever been cleared before in any one year. The Association hired the best land clearing engineer they could find, and equipped him with an office, automobile and other paraphernalia that he wanted. All during the winter, school-house meetings were held throughout the County; some fifty or more. At these meetings land clearing problems were discussed and speakers were equipped with both moving and still pictures to illustrate their points. Also, at these meetings, orders were solicited for dynamite, the members of the Association being able to purchase dynamite at the carload rate, which made a saving of between fifteen and twenty percent for them. As a result of this campaign, we have already passed the eighteen -thousand acre mark in newly cleared land, and there is still sixty or ninety days for this work to go on. Normally, the sales of land clearing explosives in Marinette County were about one carload a year; fourteen carloads have been placed so far this year. Besides the explosives, of course there is other equipment such as stump pullers, pilers, etc. think these two instances will perhaps give you an idea of the methods used in this County for building up our farming community. These methods have proven very satisfactory. Yours very truly, SKIDMORE-RIEHLE LAND COMPANY By y0 fLL Secy. FtS-EM DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY WASHINGTON JUMB 17, 1919 ccrrIDLInTIAL Y....LMBANDUM : From: To: Subject: 1. His Assistant The Director of Negro Economics Advisory Departmental Pelationshin regarding Negro matters The functioiv of the Department of Labor in "fostering, promoting and developing the welfare of wage earners of the United States, improving their working conditions and advancing their opportunities for Atu„d profitable (trent" have been well understood by - rivate,public The interests of wage earners,—pavoiousismipy a-°/ -"" f--11-6 -4M-i-iTdrTITft"ft,-.60404040p, have been mrli=t3=177 safeg rdedicand every oppor, 04 44.4 tunity and assistance 4lft2=b41 given the Department of Labor in carrying out the duties imposed unon it by Congress. When the secretary of Labor, in furthering the effectiveness of his powers, created the Division of .Le.ro Economic 'there was lateptly establipied a means of 24 .4., .,---.,/ e.,--iceA_,....;.„, IL, ..e.,/-, e ,,,-—e---./.--, _ t.,.,,/ ex largelOhe sc _e of which and the jurisdiction of which are Itmdpitad I say "latently" because I a! s doubteitia-t-hat=mmak attention/\has been given to the following qkatad. P• power of the Secretary of Labor: L.18. -m , c, 4 9 ,a,a, J4-Aeo4 “ "Re Secretary (cof Labor) 1aet1 / 4autherity --t o* call upon other departments ofA1 ,12 . 1;9zernment for statistical data and the results obtained by thera"WiirrQ collate, arrange and publish such statistical C. AXAOLVx - tS", Page two information obtained in such manner as to him may seem wise 7 . 4 .af-4 -4-12°"'"" L 7 "The Secretary of Labor jel=itive-rialett-attad-eitrembett-ao inestigate and report to Congress 41a-Plan of coordination of the activities, duties ann powers of the office of the Secretary of Labor with the activities, duties and powers of the present bureaus, commissions and departments, so far as they relate to Labor and its conditions, in order to harm niz rnd unify such activities, duties and powers, with a view to A. egislation to further define the duties and powers of the DeDartment tof Labor, ..(1 toce skIc ti:1, vestVati ns and repor s to the Pres ent or b' ngre s as y b requiV bylthem r whi he m nkes po t ann lly y, and t e wor of h Cong ss upon artm nt o Labor." From the above it is very apparent that the scope of the jurisdiction and authority of the Secretary of Labor have in no sense reached the plane which Coagress had in mind when it created the Department of Labor. It is obvious that a wide span was left vacant aver which the Department of Labor may, and should, leap in fostering and promoting the welfare of wage earners. 2. Congressional intentions always determine the Latitude of interpret- ing the acts of Congress. Nothing else so specifically and so effectively describes statutes, edicts, acts, etc., for the Law has always reasoned that the animus of a man, be he bound by moral duty or by legislative authority, speaks for him in those things Which he does. 3. When the Division of Negro Economics was created it functioned ef- fectively within the several bureaus and divisions of the Department of Labor. earners. It grasred single-handed the problems of thousands of Negro wageAt the end of one year it was but a mere infant in assisting the Department of Labor through a tryin war emergency period in which there figured the interests of a few thousand Negroes, particularly migrants. Page three In no way has the Division of Negro Economics touched the normal situation, for a normal situation has not yet existed since its advent. 3. Throngh the Negro Workers' Advisory Committees have come to light ways and means of touching the community life of a very small portion of one-tenth of the total population of the United States. The feature of the committees has been, as you know, their volunteer character. 4. linking up the interests of Negro citizenship, through the Division of Negro Economics, to the Secretary of Labor, and from him to Congress and to the rresident of the United States, is 0plainly possible that a mere hint to you in this regard is all that is necessary. Assuming, from the intentions of Congress that even the Department of Labor "is yet but an infant" department and that through it the Secretary of Labor should have access to data and results obtained by other departments of the Government, and should "investigate and report to Congress a plan of coordination," etc., "in order to harmonize and unify such activities and duties," and assuming that each and every division and bureau of the Executive Departments (as well as commissions, boards, etc.) has the intention of functioning 100 por cent in its duties to American citizenship, I respectfully recommend: (a) That the attention of the Secretary of Labor be specifically called to the existence of every community, county, and state Negro Workers' Advisory Committee, with the view of realizing that through these committees and through hundreds of others which can be easily set up, he can effectively enlarge upon his duties in "calling upon other departments of the Government for * * * 'data and results." Page four (b) That it be sae:gested to the secretary of Labor that he can more effectively than ever before "investigate and report to Congress a plan of coordination," etc., ""with a view to additional legislation to further define the duties and powers of the Department of Labor," etc. (0) That it be sugested to the Secretary of Labor that by virtue of his aforesaid powers and authority he transmit, through the chief executives of each department, to each bureau chief and the chairmen of commissions and boards, and report on the results of the Negro rW)norics work calling to their attention the utility of the field organization of Negro Economics to those bureaus, commissions and boards in carrying out their duties relating to Labor, through this department. (d) That the Secretary of Labor call upon each bureau chief, through his executive head, for a frank statement of any m:nner in which this service could properly be of assistance to such bureau or division. 5. The destinies of 10 million Negroes are at bar in a way never before seen. The shift of the economic status, loyalty and citizenship of 10 million Locroes is more noticeable than ever before. Some conditions, not mentioned herein but with which you are well familiar, are becoming intensified every day. The philosoplv of self-preservation is upon us. Should not every resource be invoked to insure eeace, good will and justice to Americans, white and. black? Respectf kp/el Assistant to the Director of regro Economics 111.111.111.mM11111. -.1111111r .1111 _4* DEPARTMENT OF LABOR •••• ri„AitA4- No.205 Ed. 3-22-18--300,000 All TOMAHAWK LAND COMPANY LANDS IN Parts of Oneida, Lincoln, Langlade and Price Counties. SCALE: I-2 INCH=I MILE. LANDS COLORED YELLOW FOR SALE BY TOMAHAWK LAND COMPANY TOMAHAWK, WIS. 4 3 2 7 6 5 EXPLANATIONS • SETTLERS ell SCHOOL HOUSES CHURCHES WAGON ROADS •••.=.RAILROADS T FARMERS TELEPHONE RURAL DELIVERY ROADS ON STATE HIGHWAY • SYSTEM 0 TELEPHONE 9 a INEENNIIIIIORMOINONME 1111111111111111111111110111109111111111MIMM 111111111111111MUNTIRIN 'NE MEM 1115 wan .... a r i risri woe& . 1111111111115.011111111111111111111111 MEM= MEW IRINIIIII ME • hi 1 NI m N1111111111111111111111114111a 111 111111110111111 : ElMilliiititruie '- AgreZMripII MEM raktive NI NI xi la • • '• • i • relita • -• ai r ' V• Di. : : P ' , &A PrAllif 21.11111115 lall ME 115 III 111111111111111 IIIIII1 linLinaiii MI 11111111,410, Nall11111111111119“ - killIMPAINILMILII II tu) poireilommi--II 4,61 re JEFF ES 10 T T. T IT T T T 4 !• oni -g Niggie „.4.1 (I) roe T. ! ..a.re. r • • • • •1• • I • • rowso i- lia 4.. ima Imo 10 IN UM 1 AIM Allrin 111011M1111 . lig ERMA Ufgrailb. 1171111%11 sormmukimrivinummt minur Titir-gpiii sir immummuginne,e ._ 1011r1111111111111111111W 111111111tWil 1111 .11iiik 11)Nialliluitiorm it i' II WAIIIIIIIIIII , Lit le2111 111111111111, Illowarilbrmadjaiii •• •„, 111. Mad d! "-I III '11 1.Illirdirr6rwq"; MEE* II HELSEA 2 3 4 .....-...migipigniMMAIWNIMMIRIMP.111110111011.1.11W 5 6 7 9 Tomahawk Land Settlement Plan We assist the settler to make a farm from cut-over lands. Labor and material up to $500 advanced for house, barn and well. We rent teams, farm tools, stump pullers, etc., on community basis at actual cost. Visit our central farm and see the implements and tools we have for rent. When settler can supply feed, money advanced for cow, pig and chickens. Pay nient3 extended over a period af 23 years. We try to have house and barn built before settler moves on land. Stump-pullers furnished are of latest design, with all necessary hooks. cables, chains and Settler can clear 10 acres a year, and have 30 acres under cultivation in 3 years. PAYMENTS—When we make advances for house, barn, cow, etc., we expect a first payment of $250.00 per 40 acres. If a man is not in a position to pay $250.00 in cash at the time of purchase, he should tell us just what he can do. To actual settlers who do not desire advances, the first payment on land can be at $10.00 per 40 acres. After the first payment, no further cash payments asked for 3 years, if settler moves on land and makes improvements averaging $10.00 per 40 acres per month, over advances. Payment for land, buildings and rental charges distributed over 20-year period, 6'; interest. Rental charges and supplies advanced limited to $25 per acre of land put into cultivation. SOILS—A variety of barns. PRODUCTS—Dairy products stand first. Our county produced $1,500,000 of dairy products in 1918. Clovers and grasses grow remarkably well. Lands are in the well known "Clover Belt." Pastures keep green throughout the summer. Best soil in the State for potatoes. Potatoes are considered the cash crop. Oats, rye, roots and vegetables give high yields. WATER Clear, pure, cold. CLIMATE--Invigorating and healthful. The winters are free from the winds and blizzards of the prairies. RAINFALL The average yearly rainfall is about 34 inches, which is as high as in any locality throughout the State. MARKETS—Chicago, Milwaukee, Minneapolis and St. Paul are all tributary; 12 hours ride to Chicago. RAILROADS—Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Ry. (Wisconsin Valley), "Soo Line," Marinette, Tomahawk and Western R. R. ("our railroad"). GOOD ROADS--There are 764 miles of public highways in the county. GOOD SCHOOLS—The county has 85 schools. Population of county 21,100. RURAL TELEPHONES- Lines go in three directions from Tomahawk. Work during winter months can usually be obtained nearby in logging camps, or with those getting out cordwood, pulpwood, poles, ties, etc. We have been here since 1888 and have seen men start with less than $500 and become successful farmers today, worth $5,000 to $20,000. We know that the farmer who works wins. We have never foreclosed a settler's land contract. "We help the man who helps himself." WRITE TO US. TOMAHAWK LAND COMPANY TOMAHAWK, WISCONSIN 4-20-1M-9 FARMLA ATTENTION T ill k.L..ii. It NATIONAL FARMERS CO-OPERATIVE ASSOCI TION Sends to Northern Markets THREE EXPERTS Seeking &dvantages for patrons. They will secure for the Association best of prices on Watermelons in Car-load Lots duriug July and August Wire connections with the Association to be established. To Facilitate Trade. We solicit your Trade and assure the Best Results on small commission. Write or wire— NATIONAL FARMERS CO- OPERATIVE ASSOCIATION • 509 West Broad Street AUTHORIZED CAPITAL, $100,000 INCORPORATED UNDER LAWS OF GA. Officers an d Directors S. P. CAMPBELL, President, Midville, Ga. R. C. REESE, Vice-President, Millen, Ga. E. A. WILLIAMS, Sect-Treas., Savannah, Ga. J. H. LANE, Vice-President, Munnerlyn, Ga. B. W.PIERCE, 11,alcyondale, Ga. S. Wilson,Savannah, Ga. Leroy Hudson, Keysville, Ga. J. W. Holley, Albany, Ga. P. A. Pettis, Omaha, Ga. P. Weaver, Waynesboro, Ga. W. A. Bell, Atlanta, Ga. C. Cuthbert, Springfield, Ga. N. J. Walkeri, Millen, Ga. Eddie Davis, Wadley, Ga. J. C. Fisher, Savannah, Ga. September 18, 1920. 'illSOGNSIN CCIAllizAT lam Claire, as. Oman, alirafj: IA. Kuehl, Sipoy. Gentlemen: Thank you so taaoh for c.lie Information o cel .4.4izaect in ;Le litdratare sent lee about effort s to buil.t up flizta ooactuitiall. Very truly yours, Director of Negro &monde 3. mAtia 3st,tessber 18, 192o. TO:.01,RW J.1; • JTT, Tomahawk, 41s. Gentian:1.s ATIiTLJt Lr. R.R. ia!lls. Thank you so much for the information Gouts1ne4 In the °Insular, anl lettfir seat ms about your sale of land,. IND* truly yours, DIreator of gegro Lounum1e.s. RAnic 1 SPECIAL ILLUSTRATED VICTOR IAND. OPPORTUNITY EDITION WHEN TO COME WHERE TO GO Customers often ask us, "When is the best time to come?" Our answer is "Any time." We are one of the biggest land development organizations in the country and our work goes on winter and summer. More than a third of our sales are made during the winter. Our many years of honorable land merchandising has given us a reputation which we are proud of, and with this r:cord many oeople purchase land here even when there is snow on the ground. The real thing to keep in mind is tnis: Land values are increasing faster here than probably almost any other place in America. It takes a long time for $200 per acre land to double in price but $25 per acre land can double in price almost over night Under these circumstances the time to come to look over our land is "NOW"—right now—before prices are higher. They will never be lower and they may be higher very soon. The time to come is right away. We know this will serve your interest best. No matter when you come you can talk to settlers from your home state, who are now living here, and learn not only what success they have had in one year, but in two, four, six or ten years. We await your visit. Skidmore Land Co., Marinette, Wis. I istration in .4 1TE, WISCONSIN WORLD'S GREATEST LAND MOVEMENT Are you a prophet? We are not prophets, but our success has been built by known; a movement that in a few year; looking ahead and acting in accordan 3e with what common sense told us must land values from almost nothing to mill •e?„. come to pass. Anyone could do as well. Fifteen years ago we took over tracts conclude that even as the present totaling 300,000 acres of land in Mann -ette County, Wisconsin. All the "wise world, the land movement which histo land men" in America scoffed at us. They were busy exploiting the semi-arid est land movement in the history cf th 3 -, plains of the far west, and they didn't nink the lands of Upper Wisconsin that such will be the case. Where will t).ee would appeal to successful farmers. Mlst cf those "wise land men" are bank- lands? The plains suitable for rapid 86.1t.le practically all taken up. Uncle Sam's hci rupt today because they spent their all in trying to colonize lands which lacked c.,d. The bulk of the best lands avail sufficient moisture to make farming pos sible. Against that record you find the must be found in the former timber la Skidmore Land Co. successful, you fin J. the attention of the entire country who are best informed know that thes' centered on the former timber lands of the upper Lakes region, you find two consin. What, then, will be the .7a,lue hundred to three hundred of the count ry's best farmers from states like Illi- war—of these rich clover, grain and Ii nois and Iowa taking up homes in Mar Inette county every year, you find the test located county in Upper Wiscoinio best parts of Upper Wisconsin develop'ng with remarkable rapidity as one of remarkably low figures as $10 to 1.'30 p er the world's greatest livestock areas. Was our judgment good? Decide forl that such lands, under the stimulation cf yourself. Now let us look ahead again! We repeat we are not prophets, but • will be selling at $50, $75 or possibly e 7er we want you to look ahead a few years, just as we did fifteen years ago. His- I the best farms in Illinois and Iowa will tory records the fact that the world's greatest land movements have all oc- prices as high as $500 per acre. Will i loo lands in the better parts of Upper Wis curred immediately after the world's g reatest wars. War weariness has always ands of improved farms having a ready turned men to quieter lives—mainly to the farm. You recall what took place be selling at prices as high as $100 per acre at the close of the civil war—the greatest land movement America has ever prophets. But we have great faith n the 1.. "Where are your lands, and where will we go to see them?" These are questions which we are asked every day. We are glad to answer fully. You can leave your home town on any train which will get you into Chicago about 8:45 p. m. and arrive at either our Wausaukee. or Marinette offices the following morning. It is better to go directly tO Wausaukee for you will then be nearer to the better lands, and will save time and expense. To reach Wausaukee take the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Ry. from Chicago. You can easily find our office and hotel at Wausaukee. It is just east and north a block from the depot. A photograph of the building appears in another part of this edition. To reach Marinette take the Chicago &. Northwestern from Chicago. Write, or wire us at our expense, before you start, and we will have men and autos ready to show you the land when you arrive. Railroad fare both ways is free to purchasers. Remember—we are opening at this time new tracts totaling 80,000 acres; much of it the best land we have ever opened; and those who come first will of course have first choice of the best selections. Prices $10 to $35 per acre. Terms can be arranged to suit your circumstances. Address all correspondence to Skidmore Land Co., Marinette, Wis. LAKELY FOLLOW CLOSE OF WAR the middle west and sent store for Marinette county. We most sincerely believe that this is by all odds .:Jore.!.. Isn't it reasonable to one of the best occasions to make a land investment in the right place which in the history of the we have ever known. If your common sense tells you this reasoning is good, follow, will be the great- you have the opportunity now to select land from some big new tracts which sen.v would indicate we are opening in Marinette county—la nds which we consider as good or better soldiers go to get good than any we have ever been able to place on the markets. We claim for Mari,:.:::.-•occessful agriculture are nette county that it is the most progressive county in Upper Wisconsin, has a are just about exhaust- longer growing season, and in the main, better lands. That was our judgment Hgreatest land movement when We took over great tracts of lan d in Marinette county after having care•••';per lakes recrion. Those fully looked over practically every other locality in Upper Wisconsin. Time .111 be found in Upper Wis- I-a stained our judgment because development has come more rapidly, and year or two afteT. tle iui,vaues are greater today in Mann elle county than in most other localities. fi of Marinette Countyi th ,eAcause we bought these lands years a go at a low price, we can sell them at a DU can buy oday,.at .sikch\ON4.price. We cannot help but feel th at you are overlooking one of the truly • it out mkt markable opportunities of your life if you fail to immediately look Marl- of relks n .4)g of thousan etlerer tte county over and if you find it as we have represented—which we know 'acre? If we m not you will—secure a tract of this rich do ver land and be in a position to take the after the war be se ii t at , profit which must almost certainly accrue at once and more particularly expected then fdr th new when the war is over. If you live any where in the middle west you can leave e already there are hous- your home today and be walking over these lands tomorrow. We ask you only -.o of $75 to $150 per acre, to , to come and see—then the lands will speak for themselves. Write, or wire we said before, we are not at our expense and let us know when we may expect you. 4.able development Which is in I SKIDMORE LAND CO., Marinette, Wis. DAIRYING BEST AGRICULTURAL AUTHORITIES OF STATF, iRA I ATr DON'T LOCATE ULM L MARINETTE OPPORTUNITY IN WHERE LAND IS COUNTY ON HER LEADERSH IP I" .VELOPM WISCONSI ENT OF UPPER N NOT VALUABLE SCORE OF YEARS MILLION DOLLAR DAIRY DAY CELEBRATION BRINGS TO FRONT THE 1. ,AT MARINETTE COUNTY IS FAR IN THE LEAD IN DEVEL- SUPPLY OF FOOD LESSENING EACH YEAR WH!LE TREMENDOUS INCREASE IN POPULATION IS CERTAIN. OPMENT AND ALL ACTIVITIES CONNECTED WITH SETTLEMENT ASSISTANT HEAD OF WISCONSIN COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, A' PRAISE OF FARM SUCCESS ATTAINED IN MARINETTE COUNTv FAVOR OF THIS SPLNDID DEMONSTRATION AND CELEBP" i. T.T.Yr HOMESEEKERS, REAL) - THIS s :Ie.:1'4E WHO HAS TO WORK FOR • " ;FIVLS I E DAIRYING FARMING OPPORTUNITY IN MARINETTE COUNTY. ray- QUESTION RIGHT LOCATION OF Fa WISCONSIN—U. S. SENATOR LENROOT, PROF. OTIS, IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN ANY OTHER ONE CONSID'OR OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURIST SPEAK IN WARM ERATION, SAYS BULLETIN. 'OR EVERETT SAYS: "WE CANNOT SAY ENOUGH IN WORK U""G ON IN THAT SP PMI" Co''NT Y. "'"EST IN FIGHT eter • GENT THOUGHTiUL AND ) '1' R01 (Note—The following article is reprinted verbatim from The Wisconsin Agriculturist of March 30, 1918. It was written by State Senator C. H. Everett, editor of The Agriculturist, who is one of Wisconsin's foremost agricultural authorities. Born on a farm in Wisconsin, and continuing in that work nearly forty years, he is today regarded as a man who knows agriculture and farm land development activities throughout Wisconsin more intimately than almost any other person. The past twenty years of his life have. been devoted to farm journalism—giving to the people of his state the farm experience acquired during his lifetime. Recently Senator Everett was honored by Wisconsin •University when a special degree. in recognition of his Services to agriculture in Wisconsin was conferred upon him. As will be noted in the accompanying article,. Senator Everett was one of the speakers at Marinette County's recent great Million Dollar Dairy Day celebration.) 44, spouse which he received from the "Your ruaudience was marked indeed, for he - ion today witile. was cheered again and i.sgain and the ' Jid progress. 'You har audience arose and remained stand- proud of havng read: ing, and cheered him for several Dollar mark in th,_ moments. dairy pro.duct3. This At the conclusion of the splendid prosperity to your inn dinner, the crowd was conveyed to a your county but it a large opera house of the city and the have set an example; audience that entered that building demonstrated that no exceeded one thousand in number. sin has possibilities I The speakers of the afternoon were passed, and that wherk Prof. D. H. Otis, assistant dean of the else his best thought a, Wisconsin College of Agriculture; ors upon the northem .) 'J L' , YOUR WORK Wi;..L RETURNS IN INCREASED VALUE. ,ra- On the itheei Laiu,61 of soil fertility ana'"producers. In this, you have been aplen- he warned the farmers in Marinette remarkably successful." against carelessness and in 1) be County He also complimented the bankers Million thoughtlessness in this respect. He for the satisfactory methods in vogue The question of vita; oart of Upper :tion of told them they possessed at this time in Marinette County in assisting the ty means I a virgin soil, that fertility was being farmers along business lines and the Wisconsin you may locate in is jest ,y and to , derived from the dairy industry but co-operation that exists between the as important as the difference between locating a store like Marshall that you that in other counties and in other banker and farmers. you have I states, it has been found difficult to Professor Otis very truthfully said Field's in Chicago or a town of 1,000 Wiscon- I maintain soil fertility. that in looking forward to the future, population. Location nas more to do with the re unsur- I Referring to the growth of alfalfa, Marinette County will continue in the will exer- Professor Otis said: "Marinette Coun- front rank so long as her individual , market value of a farm in Upper Wisbest lab- , ty has made a start in the production farmers will put their shoulders to consin than any other one condition. the lat- ! of this wonderful plant. Alfalfa is the wheel and by their united efforts There are localities in Upper Wiscondo what they can to advance the sci- sin where, because of lack of transence and art of agriculture. He con- portation facilities, too much swampy cluded by saying: "If Marinette lama, or some other cause, there canCounty becomes satisfied to rest on not be much change in land values what she has already accomplished, it for many years to come. There are will not be long before some other other localities where values are not only strong and based on accomii northern county will come to the plished farming results and climate, front and she will be a back numbut where values are showing very ber." marked increases each season. Why earmers Succeed. The following bulletin was written Very marked success has been attained by many farmers of that splen- originally for our salesmen. We did county. First, for the reason that wanted them to know exactly why The Million Dollar Dairy Day celesoil of Marinette County is fer- land values are advancing faster in the bration held in Marinette on Wednesand that a good class of settlers Marinette County than any other Uptile, day of last week was one of the largbeen secured for that section of per Wisconsin locality. There were have est and most enthusiastic meetings men who are thinkers, men so many requests made by our salesstate, the of farmers that we have ever attendout at the meetings as they turn who ed . in Wisconsin. The war may be over before this did last week in large numbers, and During the year Landology victory 1909, Marinette edition of who pay the closest attention to what reaches you, but that does not ap- County farmers sold $70,000 worth of is told them by practical men who are On pages 5 and 6 of this edimilk • in 1915 they sold $255,000 pear probable at this time. We beasked from time to time to appear betion you will find a coupon form worth and in 1917 they sold $1,054,to discuss and them, with lieve to the utmost in the fullest them fore which we will be glad to have you 175 worth of dairy products. all the perplexing problems of agrisupport of our country in these fill out and mail to us. If you have increase great This in dairy culture. prodays of her supreme effort to prenot received our great land fact duction in one of the foremost northWhile at the convention, we met serve liberty for herself and for book, a bound volume of 80 pages, ern counties created so much enthusone of the two Augustine brothers, this coupon will bring th e world. No matter what your you a copy. iasm among the farmers of the counwho are conducting a farm of 100 We want you to come and visit us circumstances are, buy Liberty business the men and of ty Marinette acres in Marinette County. They are NOW, because we know you will bonds of each issue. Do not only that it was deemed proper to celegrowing alfalfa and sweet clover and save money by doing so, but if you your bit, but your utmost. If you brate the event by bringing to the city carry on a three-year rotation which cannot start for Marinette county desire, we will take Liberty bonds of Marinette the farmers of the councarries clover over the farm once in on the morrow, turn to the coupon at par and accrued interest as payty. three years. pages, fill out both sides of the ment on Marinette county lands. They induced their father some co-operation existing in that The blank and mail to us. We will But whether you apply the bonds time ago to purchase two grade Holcounty between the business men of then immediately send you free of to land purchases or not, buy bonds steins and they now have in their the city and the farmers is most excharge a copy of of our book, and support your country in every herd two-year-old heifers that procellent. A general good feeling preLANDOLOGY DE LUXE. This possible way to the very limit of duce twenty-five pounds of butter per vails. Farmers are ready at any and work is a text book of the land your ability. It is your duty and expect heifers They these to month. into enter any kind of all times to situation, and no matter where privilege. thirty produced years at pounds three the business with agreement men of you are planning on locating, you old. the city whereby mutual benefit is ought to read it from cover to have They in herd their twenty work upon this problem, report that derived, and especially benefit to the cover. pure bred females and the $1,000 De the food value in the milk of a good . farming communities, for the busiLion Kol Hengerveld bull. These dairy cow in one year is equal to the ness man understands that his prosboys are young and full of enthusiasm men, however, to have copies of this food value in the bodies of five steers perity depends upon that of the farmand they will surely make their mark bulletin mailed to their customers, ers in the surrounding territory. weighing 1100 pounds each. in the dairy field, and we shall hear that we decided all prospective cusProf. Washburn states that the The business men of Marinette from them again in the future. tomers might be interested and conEight hundred Farmers and Dusines.s Men Di 27,761 pounds of milk produced by provided a splendid dinner which was Passing Cows County Marinette of In our address, we received the sequently the bulletin is reproduced the Duchess Skylark Ormsby cow given to 600 Marinette County farm$1,000,000 Mark • ib most marked attention which was in full herewith: had the same food value as two and ers in the splendid modern high very greatly appreciated and we were "To Skidmore Land Co. Representaone-half tons of wheat flour. At 15 school building in that city. The farmHon. Irving L. Lenroot, United States ter will respond gene, congratulated warmly at the conclutives and Customers: . bushels to the acre, eight acres of ers were transported to the high We can- too valuable a crop not to be grown senator from Wisconsin, and the edi- I not praise too highly, "When you make a sale of land to practically every farm in the sion of the meeting for having said land would be required to produce an school building by street cars and upon that work tor of The Wisconsin Agriculturist. you have done in y many things of interest to farmers, a customer in Marinette County, do county. it county. It requires thought, skill and equivalent amount of human food as automobiles, free service being supProfessor Otis was first on the pro- ; stands as a memoth'. and especially to dairy farmers. you contract to deliver to him anythis one cow produced in a year. • an object patience in order to grow it. The replied by the Chamber of Commerce. gram and spoke in We dwelt as usual upon the import- thing that he would not get in buying part as follows: !lesson and tha who11Prof. Erf of the Ohio Station esti- The farmers of the county were not te rejoices sults, however, justify the effort. If • ance of the good sire, of good breed- land at approximately the same price ; with you because 0" mates that a dairy cow produces as allowed to spend a cent for anything Prof. Otis' Address. • r achieve- Marinette County is to continue to ing, of dairy type and dairy conform- in other localities in upper Wiscon, much food during her life time as and they certainly appreciated not be a leader in the production of dairy "Until recently, the largest devel- me nts. give ation; upon good feeding; on the sin? Have you ever thought this 17 steers. "With success and , only the generosity of the business opment of the Wisconsin dairy indusr achieve- products, it will be necessary to the growing of crops adapted to the pro- over? It's mighty important! attention to and thought The meat from one cow will sup- men of the city, but they appreciat- try has been in the southern counties. ments, come also ad: careful sponsibili"For one thing, you are deliverieg forage." duction of milk. valuable ply a sufficient amount of beef in a ed to the fullest extent the speeches We have all recognized, however, this of production ties. If MariLette s to conthat We set forth as clearly as we know him land in a county which has a poration for two soldiers for a year, that were made by those on the pro- northern Wisconsin is naturally an tinue to progress in ;lee as she Touching upon live stock as import- hoW, the difference between the dairy pulation of 40,000 people. Few other While the milk from one good average gram. ideal dairy section and it is with as in the past, s • ',.ot at this ant to farmers, Professor Otis said: form mild the beef form. The loss to localities in upper Wisconsin are so ; rest time upon Cm will supply an equivalent value was br:1 held o'clock, at 12 much gratitude that we witness the The dinner reality, your Million Dol- the dairy farmer in attempting to do well populated, and everyone knows for twenty soldiers for a year. following which the audience was ad- splendid development that is taking the struggle fci: egrk• aural achieve- "A large factor in the products, is business with scrub cow—with that population of the right kind has production of dairy Look Into the Future. dressed by Burt Williams who is the place in the newer counties in the ments has just q)eq, . and there is lar live stock that you have in the cow that makes some milk and more to do with farm land value thrn The late J. J. Hill of the Great Revenue Collector for the western north and we are more than pleased much more ahead IS which must the good your county, thanks to the efforts of some beef of her feed; and to the any other one condition. Northern Railroad, when discussing district of Wisconsin. Mr. Williams to note the splendid lead that Mari- be accomplished." fl There is Value in Location. your leaders and your progressive loss that a farmer milking that kind the food supply of the future, predict• - is a splendid orator and his address nette County is taking in this (levelKeep the SO.,- Fertile. "Next, you are delivering a real farmers who have been able to se- of a cow sustains because of feeding was largely on patriotism. The re- opment of northern Wisconsin. Continued on page 3, column 2. Professor Otis dv Continued on page 3, column 5. Continued on page 2, column 1. at length up- cure for your county some of the best Republished from Eulletin No, 2, Dept. of Educational Service, James Manufacturing Company . The history of civilized nations shows that the cow, a natural food making machine, has been forcing the animal which is consumed for its meat, from its old place among the people. This same process is now going on In the United States; the beef animal is giving way to the dairy cow. Why this should be so, is readily seen when we come to realize that of all farm animals, a good dairy cow Is the greatest producer of human foods. From 100 units of digestible fdod consumed, 29% will be recovered in the milk of the average dairy cow; but only 14% will be returned by the steer in the form of edible flesh. Why Dairy Farming Pays Best. Prof. Haecker of the Minnesota Experiment Station and Prof. Eckles of ' the Missouri Station, after years of Buy Liberty Bonds Free Copy of a Great Land Book PAGE TWO LANDOLOGY Victory ,p,letunity Edition—LANDOLOGY LANDOLOGY—VictoA• I 'Buckwheat Is An Humble Crop But It Is a Good Friend to the New Settler Who Want; to Clear Land Late in the Spring Build Your Farm Home in "America's Real Clover-land." OERTTIVERMENT ss)APER TELLS OF LAND SETTLEalARINETTE CO., • ties LOVER is the basis of all farming prosperity in Upper Wisconsin, and is a crop which the settler can be practically as Sure of as he Can of the rain and sunshine. There has been an increase in the clover acreage since 1909 of 150,000 acres. Marinette County alone now annually produces 25,000 acres of clover and timothy hay. The acreage is increasing rapidly every year. All farmers know that a locality which produces clover in great quantities is capable of re-fertilization. In other words, by the proper rotation of crops the soil is guaranteed against running-out. -Wisconsin has always farmed in the right way, C DON'T LOCATE WHERE LAND IS NOT VALUABLE Continued from page 1, column 7. value in location which is unlike any other upper Wisconsin district. "'How so?' you may ask. Thia is how: What constitutes practically the northern and western boundaries of Marinette County are two chains of high hills. From these chains of hills the land slopes south and east into a great valley; in fact into a double valley for Marinette County, as a whole, that is, she has engaged in dairy farming and the proper rotation of crops to a large extent. Clover !ap!,1 has always been the backbone of all farming h. ohe Wisconsin. There is hardly an acre of land in !Maatinett,, ' County where clover cannot be made to produc,.. ! winning crops. It seems. to be a natural plaht , ant) of the soil. It is always cut twice each seaso:.., and produces from two and one-half to five toh!!ti xdrd in two cuttings. In many years it will produeol three tons to the acre in the first. cutting. ,t You know the value of a clover country, and you are open to conviction we will be glad show you that Marinette County is ''America Real Clover-land." Come and see for yourself. !I - the land. This warmth is not absorbed quickly nor is it given off quickly. Fall days arrive and the effect this body of water has on the growing season again becomes apparent. The atmosphere of the land becomes colder than the atmosphere of the sea. The sea air rushes) in and neutralizes the colder breath of the land. Many early fall frosts which have done tremendous damage to corn and other crops in southern Wisconsin, northern Illinois and Iowa have been escaped in Marinette County because of this beneficial effect of Lake Michigan and Green Bay on our climate. "Let's go further in our pursuit of You Can Make a Good Living and Splendid Profits Growing Strawberries in Marinette County. • have done so far for the war and sfib' be able to keep right on growing and r developing this remarkable agrieultural and business community. "In this little talk we have tried te • bring home to you, as we have doles- fro many times before, the knowledea, that Marinette County is a differeei community than other upper Wisconal r cle sin localitiea. We started here sooner and consequently we have advanced farther. • 100 We know there are good lands in e'en other parts of upper Wisconsin, ana ; A, we will be the last people to ever say ; h as anything to the contrary, but we know cat there are special reasons why nacre than three times as many settkrs have been locating in Marinette Connty every year for the past ten yeass,i It. as in any other part of upper Wistron-; frant sin. We know also that if you carry . 000. this message to the people of you: Pla locality in all its force of truth that -haisc ten times as many settlers will take I ovens up their abode here this year as in1 An. any past year. Let the Truth be Known. Better lands at fairer prices in a better location were never offered to si homeseekers, farmers, townspeople or investors. It is your serious war-time "e duty to carry this message to the peepie seeking farm homes or legitima1e, ; secure farm-land investments." MEEP AND BEEF !N HETTE ' at Figures on Farm ait in Recent Years. valuation of property increased i00state's to $3,600,000,000. grown airces have to $600,000,000. a increased settlees NV CI' parts of the state. of iineccupied areas is .11s isopreciated. ‘;:f carn has increased P. northern counties it ..iigreed seed grains iucees sed by 500,000. rodr.iles of public road Buckwheat is an humble crop, and there are farmers who say they would not raise it. However, the farmer who locates in Marinette County and has the right spirit, wants to devote his efforts to whatever will serve his purpose best. Buckwheat is a great subduer of new land. The new settler can clear land late in the spring, sow buckwheat as late as July 10, and it will produce a bumper crop worth about $50 per acre. This scene, taken in the Athelstane district in Marinette County in 1917, shows a field of this crop on 0 ing activities than most adjoining states. , "When it came to choosing my lowr c ell ataiiocn e in iWairsicnoentste in, County andoet only y because of the soil and location, but because I was convinced that the An Illinois man who recently pur- county is the most progressive of the chased 240 acres of land from the newer farming localities in Upper Skidmore Co. in Marinette County Wisconsin, and because the improvesaid: ments put on the land here appear to "I came to Wisconsin because I , give it a much greater increase in VIE WESTERN SHEEP MEN TO TRY VIMeNSIN 0 new land. To the left is seen some stumps removed in the spring from the land on which the buckwheat was sown. On the right are seen the new barn and other buildings of the settler. This little three-acre patch of buckwheat on a piece of land which was not cleared until June 15, 1917, brought this settler about $160. COMES IIERE BECAUSE ARE pRofiREssivE • ASSOCIATION ADVANCEMENT WESTERN BEFORE LAYS FLOCKMASTERS RESOURCES OF WISCONSIN. LANDS, GRASSES, Perk Production Fits hi Well With GRAINS Dairy Farming in Narinette County cliseso have increased 1,000 pounds to 380,000,- WISCONSIN DAIRY INDUSTRY OF AS CITED $190,000,000 IS STATE'S PROOF OF SHEEP the manufacture of conFARMING SUCCESS. vapor ed milk have inn.imatien to fifty-three. haae increased from Extracts front the address of W. G. with 45 per cent of Bissel, president of the Wisconsin Ada rmeas. vancement Association, before the Na,crew-ed from 17,000 tional Wool Growers Association at Salt seres. Lake City in January, 1918. at land in cultivated After a thorough inspection of the Ised moae than S10,000 Wisconsin country Frank J. Hagenlast censu§. barth, president of the National Wool enes1 et the cut-over Growers' Association, informed us ii tat; northern part of that we had the finest grazing land in seen romarkable. Rapid the United States, if not in the world, tht.se lands is taking and we agreed with him. He told us I sheep feeding en- that in these darkening days of stress -a. The sheep help and struggle of our nation that it. the blreatsrass was fan esoaeaaie crime that n singae •• . ' • ) s Strawberries are a special cash crop which any person, who will grow them intelligently, can make money with in Marinette County. They do unusually well on the types of soil to be found here. The editor of LANDOLOGY took this picture in a strawberry patch near Wausaukee in 1917. There is something about the combination of soil, climate, etc., which gives the strawberry of Marinette County a splendid flavor, and unusual size. Some of the berries shown in the scene above were more than half the size of a teacup. There is a big canning plant at the twin cities of Marinette and Menominee, which will pay you the market price, or higher than the market price, for all the strawberries you can deliver. Frank Wood, one of ,Marinette County's older settlers, and a member of the Marinette County Experiment Association, has been producing from three to five acres of strawberries every year. He receives gross returns of $300 to $600 per acre from this crop. He considers it one of the best cash crop opportunities in Marinette County. -,-cori him. We, . t Wisseisin (1,), :,,211 him the maghEicen4i;.tips of grains ea/ SI:Irs Prtylucei6 and grasses we produce, but he imA visit to the Busby-Taft farm of (t.erint; .1'LTht area mediately came back at us with the 2100 acres in Marinette County wiii beet Wis- remark that the greatest crop that reves1 the possibilities of sheep pro- aul4P2' ' state could easily take he had seen so far in Wisconsin was duction. These men have 650 west- '1unsin' the' leading sugar beet , the moss growing on our own backs ern ewes, and plan to run 4,000 sheep rank a-• tes of the anion if the that prevented us from seeing the psoduci.. on their ranch. ifidustry, developed. Not only. splendid opportunity that lay before "Sheep production is a paying proeselld sin produce all of the US. position in this country," says Mr. al. aa e sal by its people and Action was immediately taken, and Busby. "Conditions are practically liec lions of dollars at home before he left Wisconsin he had the ideal.. The climate is favorable, the this to aa .ted among the farmers satisfaction of witnessing the birth grasses cannot be. excelled, and are bus, men of the state, but it of a sheep and wool company with a moreover there is an abundance of woe ld flirla other -states with capital of $200,000, and I am pleased good water available. We raise a t.0.1: tid millions to its to report to you that today this comgreat sufficiency of corn silage, cloy- sugar at trade la as." An average yield is pany has a inundation band of 5,000 er- hay and root crops to feed our aa„at 1.2 '6 to die acre. breeding ewes on their ranch in upsheen. The grass is so good that no large quantity of sugar per 'Wisconsin, comfortably housed. in feed is ever necessary. except in the beet, is.. 'chitty being productd in modern sheep sheds with sufficient winter." Masineth! nit) y. They are market- Wisconsin clover on hand to carry An ekample of the possibilities of ed at t7' $1,000,000 sugar beet them through the winter, and I am beef production on the grass lands plant tw and -in the Menominee also glad to say to you that since that of this section is had in the exper- River hi the cities of Marinette, time four other great corporations ience of T. C. Jones, who brought a Wis., 1.1 miinee. Mich. In the are being organized for a similar load of beef cattle from Chicago. year l!t1 rice paid by this sugar work and will be going in full blast These steers on grass alone made a' factory per ton, which on an the coming summer. So, sir, your daily gain of beteer than three , average tion of 12 tons per efforts in Wisconsin have not been pounds. Ott the land which these acre ws an a gross return of in vain. cattle pastured, the clover was so .$12i .ae In many cases yields We have been 'informed that you abundant that the steers could not of t tans per acre are corn- shepherds of the west are being raptrample it down. men. idly deprived of your range lands` and [Not,: Is the valley of the Peshtigo and Men- the question of whether we deliver to ominee rivers, two of the greatest a customer, when he buys land in streams in the upper American lake Marinette County, anything he could not get in other parts of upper Wisregion. "Winds from the north and west consin. "Yes, we believe we do deliver still are broken by these two chains of hills, providing us with an effective more: We deliver land in a farming barrier against occasional Medicine community where farming is not an Hat and Lake Superior brands of experiment, but where the man who will work and has a reasonable spring and fall weather. !amount of means to do with can be "Elevation has more to do with the practically pertain of success. length of growing season than dis"Your customer knows the differequator. from I the tance north or south between any proposed business Marinette County's location in a val- ence venture and what is known as a 'goconsidlay, the elevation of which is ing business.' Marinette County is, erably lower than other parts of up- from the standpoint of farming and per Wisconsin therefore tends to give i faom every standpoint, a 'going us a marked advantage in the length The man who buys land busine.' in of growing season. In reality it gives Marinette County buys his future us a farming climate comparable to home in a locality where all such desouthern Wisconsin, northern Illinois velopments as railroads, churches, and northern Iowa. What this differschools, highways and number of proence in elevation means can easily be gressive .farmers are just about ten realized by the fact that 100 miles due years ahead of the average locality in west from Marinette County there are practically always killing frosts thir- upper Wisconsin. "Perhaps this can best be apprety or forty days earlier in the fall ciated through our war record to date, than in Marinette County, and usual(July, 1918). Marinette County, ly thirty days later in the spring than since the first Liberty Bond campaign in Marinette County. Our usual growin June, 1917, has bought $2,500,000 ing season is forty to sixty days longworth of Liberty Bonds, an Oversubthan the average upper Wisconsin scription of 100 per cent. We have locality. taken $350,000 in Thrift Stamps; subA Great Inland Sea. scribed $25,000 to the war Y. M. C. A.; "What other value in location do $30,000 to the Red Cross; $5,000 to we deliver, that cannot be delivered the Knights of Columbus army canelsewhere in upper Wisconsin, when tonment work; $500 for Smileage we sell land to a customer? The an- books; sent five special War Y. M. swer is just as important as the mat- C. A. workers into service, ten proter of elevation! We deliver a loca- fessional nurses and Red Cross work- , tion in a county which has a great ers and 2000 stalwart young men into &land sea to the north, east and the U. S. Army and Navy. south. The effect of this inland sea What Figures Mean. on the growing climate can best be "Could any locality which is still realized when it is known that the greatest commercial cherry-producing an experiment in farming put its region in the world bas been devel- shoulder so powerfully to the wheel oped on the Door Peninsula of Wis- of war support? Search the records consin, twenty-two miles across Green of other parts of upper Wisconsin and Bay to the east of Marinette County. decide whether we speak the truth. Land in the cherry district sells at You will also find Marinette County's great and sturdy resources have made , $200 to $900 per acre. "This' great inland sea in effect It possible for us to do more than holds back the growth of vegetation many older and more populous counThis is a scene taken on a farm !clover sae.. )13 Wasstil from $30 to near Phillipsburg. It was new land $60 p,er tier° in the spring until after the danger ties in 'Wisconsin and other states. tlaee, second cutting, "In spite of sending During 2000 men and two years ago. The picture shows i and wil: els( sIM.-"tycm tiro to three of killing frosts has passed. into the $3,000,000 war for freedom the second cutting of clover for the I tons of la's. : -a the first cuttings the summer this big body of water, , which has a depth of eighty to one I in one year Marinette County's farm- season of 1917. A part of this secIn addare; etraws left after hundred feet in many places, gradual- ing and business life has hardly been ond cutting is being left for seed. the clover S is hulled makes valuly absorbs warmth from the sun and scratched. We can triple all that we Marinette County lands Will yield a able food to oung stock, and the Clover Seed Crop Wort ;50 per Acre Taken From This Field After Fir "filth:lg.:of Clover Yielded 2 -2 T Iiay Per Acre. s.- turning under of the clover sod provides the fertility for a greater crop of corn, potatoes, or sugar beets the following year. Marinette County can truly be said to be "America's greatest clover-land." Front the Literary Digest of May 18, 1918. We have in this country much unimproved land. In these days, when more food is needed for the world, why not put some of this land to work? If food is to win the war, that Is, if the ultimate victory is to rest with the side that can feed its population and its troops the longest, then the problem of land improvement is of the highest importance. A landclearing demonstration recently held under the auspices of the University of Wisconsin is described in The Du Pont Magazine. Wisconsin has recently adopted legislation to facilitate land-clearing, and this is doubtless a most favorable opportunity, the writer thinks, to put land into tillable condition. "The war in Europe is playing havoc with farming over there. Millions of acres of Europe's farm-lands are idle, and probably will remain idle for years after the conclusion of the conflict. This condition puts it up to America to produce food enough for all, and she can do it because she has the land, provided every acre of it is cultivated and forced to maximum production. The acres of cut-over land that now occupy parts of our country should be included in the cultivated areas. "Think of what it would mean if the unimproved land in this country were put to work producing crops. Beneath the stumps is concealed a gold mine, and there is more profit to be derived fromathe mining of farms than from the mining of mountains. The ground occupied by one average stump will produce from twenty-five to fifty cents worth of food per year. "The cost of clearing land must be paid but once, whereas the profit derived from it will go steadily on through generations. Cleared land is virgin soil which for years after the clearing and 'taming' will yield bumper crops, with minimum expense for fertilization. Expenditures for landclearing are permanent investments that will be returned many times over in profitable crops. ta "In Wisconsin there are still thousands of acres of very fertile cut-over land. With its usual commendable enterprise, the university set about to ing at this school take courses see what could be done to get more of this land cleared and under cultiva- making it possible for them to tion, and in the spring of 1916, before teach elementary work in agriculthe United States had entered the ture. As a result in every rural war, sent out an agricultural engineer school in Marinette County agrito locate points for large public landclearing demonstrations. The univer- cultural subjects are taught. This sity itself organized a demonstration work has been carried to a crew and obtained the co-operation of point which has attracted nothree railroads operating in the state tice throughout entire the to run trains over their roads with a view to showing the settlers how to country. Already it has proved t n be the most effective way clear their land. "The state I •gisloture of 'V Iseo e keeping boys and of it interest a. maeu by,the unidemonstrations, recently versity's passed a law making it easier for settlers and owners of stump-land in Wisconsin to buy dynamite or stumppulling equipment with which to clear. Under certain conditions, the state will place orders for dynamite, usually purchased in carload lots, in Continued from page 1, column 1. order to get the lowest price, and permit the settlers to pay the state treas- ed that by 1950 there will be a wheat urer in easy installments and under shortage of 400 million bushels. Dean Davenport of Illinois calcuconditions which they can easily meet lates that by the end of the present for the dynamite they- use. "Actuated partially by the same mo- century there will be about 1200 miltives, the congress of the United lion people in this country, against States enacted laws under which the 111,000,000 today. ea ebdatalain ate ni e were orgbanksz and t e 1an eaawnkye land The Outlook. these many is the basic strength of then This, sbankslocalities,rfor farmers industry—that population is dairy the funds with which to clear and other- rapidly increasing—that food producwise improve their farms and operate tion yearly becomes more difficult them more extensively. and expensive,—that milk is one of "Probably no more favorable opfoods—that the cow produces no,dnfe inel the best thi lasam satn utm rctkmaleeala qtua portunity more of food in the form of milk far tbe present flraeenrsdaea.tn mesuchvaeard p abundantly and economically than it The unprecedented form of grain food- can be produced in the abnormally high and pro- or meat. products Keeping in mind that in normal fitable prices offers the chance to get times the United States produces onwill that land-clearing for money the ly dairy products enough for its own probably never come again. t:]. t our population is growing C..." "Even the fuel shortage helps land- much more rapidly than the producclearing, for in some cases it is new tion of milk—that the relative supply possible to sell stump-wood for as of food in the form of wheat and costs." clearing much as the DAIRYING BEST OPPORTUNITY IN • SCORE OF YEARS Marinette County's clover pas- I can produce hogs on land which can tures, the skim milk from the dairy I be bought at $20 to $30 per acre, inherds, and with corn or peas for fin- ; stead of on land costing $150 to $300 ishing, provide the background for per acre. In the picture above you the profitable production of pork. see Mr. Race, a well-to-do Marinette Pork production never offered • County farmer, who is combining greater profits than it does today, and dairying and pork production profitit never offered greater profits any- ably. where than in a locality, where you — — think your state is more active in co- I value than in other localities. operating with its new settlers, and convinced of the fact that you in showing them how to farm the considerably longer growing lands the best way. I think Wiscon- ; here than in other localities sin is more progressive in its farm- lupper part of Wisconsin." • • I was have a season in the that you have today an excess of Your president told us that it was sheep over and above your ability to , an economic crime for us to allow graze and care for. At least, that you I our lands to lie idle. By the same have reached the zenith of your busi- ' token, I am going to say to you that ness, and that henceforward the in- it is an economic crime for you to ductry is apt to decrease rather than , send your surplus breeding ewes to increase. At least you will have a ! the shambles when you can send steady job to hold your own. I them to Wisconsin. Wisconsin is distinctively a grazing • The most solemn duty that constate. Our landed area is 56,000 fronts every man and every citizen square miles, that is, about one-third today is to assist in winning the war. the size of Montana, oneshalf the size Wisconsin wants to do her bit. We of Wyoming and about two-thirds the are not here to urge the sale of lands; size of Utah. We have a human po- I we are not here to deluge you with pulation of two and one-half million, landman literature,—we have not a —but the item that will interest you piece with us as big as a postage most is that we have a dairy cow stamp, but co-operating with the Agripopulation of 1,750,000 head. We are • cultural Department of our state govthe greatest dairy state in the Union. ernment, we have brought with us an We manufacture one-half of all the exhibit of the grains, clovers and cheese made in the United States and • grasses grown in upper Wisconsin. lead all other states in the production • They are on exhibit in the next room of butter. When reduced to dollars • and we earnestly invite an inspection and cents, the dairy products of the Ion your part. state of Wisconsin for the year 1917 With feverish haste we are prepar will amount to the enormous sum of • ing to send to the trenches on the one hundred and fifty million dollars. other side an army of two million Editor's Note--(Isigures since made men. How many more God only public by the Wisconsin Dairy Com- I knows, but enough—enough to crush mission show that the dairy products Kaiserism forever from the face of of Wisconsin for the year 1917 the earth. Wisconsin is sending her brought $190,235.814). I simply cite full quota and doing her full part. these things that you may know that , I am giving that which is nearest we are not entire- strangers to the and dearest on, earth to me—my only livestock industry. boy,—a manly young man, and at this We have made a start in the sheep I• hour he is on his way to the other and wool industry. but it is only a side. Hundreds of others within the beginning. The elements that con- sound of my voice are doing the tribute to make Wisconsin the great I same. I am not complaining—you est dairy state in the Union, if pro- are not complaining. On the conperly directed, will make it the great- trary, we thank God he gave us such est sissep and wool producing state boys, with the courage and bravery in the Union. We have eight hun- that they will give their lives, if need dred banks and trust companies, with be, that democracy may live. To resources of six hundred million dol- care for them will demand sacrifice lars. Much of this capital is seeking on the part of all. It matters little investment, and preferably at home. whether you and I have a cotton shirt We are near the great markets; we to wear or none at all, but the boys have the grazing lands and we have that we are sending "over there" the capital. You have the sheep and must be provided with wool to wear we "know how," and if your young and meat to eat. men are obliged to leave your own And, as we approach these econa "vine and fig tree" and seek new inic questions, let us do it not with fields of operations, we wish to ex- an eye only to the almighty dollar, tend to you a whole-hearted invitatiois but in that spirit of sacrifice that will to come to Wisconsin. 'win the war. PAGE THREE UNIVERSITY HAS Marinette County's Great 1100 e Agricultural School Leaves MANUFACTURE No Stone Unturned in lic iping New Settlers to Make Good WOOL IN ADDITION LAND CLEARING DEPARTMENT TO PRODUCING IT Marinette Count y • Agricultural and Training School has completed ten years of work in connection with the development of Marinette Csaaty, and the training pf the young people on the farms. It has more than proved its usefulness to the farmers and new settlers. Not only is it a home agricultural and training school for the sons and daughters of our farmers and settlers, but the instructors and field men of this school are carrying on a wonderfully important work in helping the new settlers to get started at'the right forms of farming, in growing better grains and other crops, in stocking their founts with the livestock best suited to their farming operations, ,'s Journal. Springireh 12, 1918. seseening the settlelands of Upper Wis• is there an increased coming • reesteaders f Illinois, Iowa and ,estors with plentiful ,,esing large tracts of •0 raise sheep. The ads of acres in couninela e for sheen ranchmean that the next coumore settlement k ill Upper Wisconsin en.: is ten years. About a fifty families from in the Middle ,IeS. based land in thelall eying into Marinette present time. VIEW OF iiSiN'S WEALTH pportunity'Edition—LANDOLOGY and out in improving livestock of all kinds throughcow) y. the Agriculture in Schools. The scene above shows the main building of the school at Marinette. One of the other scenes shOws a class of Marinette county country girls in domestic science. The school is equipped for practical work in cooking, sewing, etc., as well as for training girl students for teaching in the public schools. The -third scene shows agricultural students testing milk with a Babcock tester. The agricultural departments of the school are organized and equipped equally as well as the domestic science and training school departments. All girls who receive their training for teach., • By a contributor to the Feb'y, 1918, Edition of the American Sheep Breeder. We have heard of late and will continue to hear more and more of the possibilities of developing the cutover timber lands of Upper Wisconsin into a great sheep and wool growing section. Nature has equipped northern Wisconsin with a climate and soil which make for great productiveness of grasses, clovers and grains. No better sheep country exists anywhere and great strides are being made toward getting large bands of sheep there. Three great possibilities present themselves as a result of getting these unused lands into sheep grazing: First. There will develop a vast sheep business—a profitable one in itself. Second. Sheep are great land clearers. As time goes by the land on which these sheep have grazed will be in fine condition for agriculture. Third. The two arguments stated above are familiar to everyone who has been reading up on sheep raising in northern Wisconsin, but one great possibility, as full of promise as the agricultural .development, is that of the building up of woolen mills, knitting mills and factories producing manufactured goods of all kinds with wool and sheep skin as their raw material. There is no sense in shipping the raw wool to the east and back to Wisconsin in manufactured goods, when in the heart of the future wool producing section of Wisconsin there are communities with plenty of labor, plenty of water power and plenty ot raw material. U. S. SENATOR LENROOT VISITS OUR COUNTY girls on the farm. It has made better home life and better community life in the settlements in Marinette County, and it has made it a good place to raise your boys and girls. The school, however, does not limit its work to the tra'ning of the young. The field men are out practically every day of the week conferring with the „Rimers iimie fields and he' ings ne7 houses, etc. work of this field men at perts of the cousin visit very freque7 thing withi the lieW sei and *to earr c•peratior ,97eate: , JO(II school • tion to the !ichool, the iltural exy of Wise County do everyT to help ing right farmir,g to tile, Other Helps for Settlers. One of the State Experimental farms is located in Marinette County at Crivitz. Besides the very important work of demonstrating tit,- most successful forms of fining for Marinette County lands, a pnre-bred Holstein sirkept at this station for the lienefit of the syttlers in lief; .11;t- ;Yed entr.:, Speaks at Dairy Celebration and Pee. diets Great Future for Upper Wisconsin. l'xtract from an article in the WISCON. SIN FARMER of March 28, 1918, in regard to the "MILLION DOLLAR DAIRY DAY" celebration held at Marinette, Wisconsin, in the Spring of 1918. dairy farming, and who are not United States Senator Lenroot is all able to own pure-bred sires. a native of Upper Wisconsin. In his If you locate in Marinette address he referred to the speech recently delivered in Congress by him County, and have an average touching upon the development of amount of means to start with, Upper Wisconsin. In this address at he said that the soil of and will at yourself of the Washington ismca onsyinfaw liacemfotrhte rm oulpdrapdru y many sources from which you can tUim iveesi'aW s secure the knowledge for the acre. on an average as land in the western homestead areas. right forms of farming, you Cd-i1 Marinette County's great dairy ceTie pre.ct iea 1 1 y t ertain_o_t_S_11..eee_...7. t.;!: . 1:1370a ; ,rn r i, 7t,.a...ch le ve: tilh ,: :40.p:::, lo t,r; 1 , meat which '!it closed was, he sre'' , on-. or and possibilities ot the nerthern that county and the editor is always area of Wiscons.ln as a center for the most kindly received by the farmers economical production of food. In that section of the state. We have been invited to attend all of CHICAGO DISTRICT, WHICH IS MARKET DISTRICT OF MARItheir annual picnics and received an NETTE COUNTY, SURPASSinvitation last week to be present ES ANY OTHER MARKET. again with them at their next annual Continued from page 1, column 6. picnic to be held at Peshtigo. Front Wisconsin Agricultural Experdher expensive feed, a part of which . meet Station Bulletin No. 290. she uses in making cheap cow beef There are twice as many people in that the farmer cannot get pay for unless he kills the cow. The healthfulness of Upper Wis- the Chicago territory (Wisconsin, We are very anxious that the dairy consin is testified to by both state Michigan, Illinois, Iowa and Indiana) farmers shall come to understand the . and government statistics. There is as there are in the entire Dominion value of the distinct dairy type cow— no more healthy region anywhere in of Canada, and more than live in the following 15 states combined: Calia cow bred to produce milk only from Uncle Sam's domain. Government statistics show that fornia, Montana, Oregon, Washington, the feed that she consumes because feed produced upon the farm has a the average yield of all farm products Idaho, New Mexico, Arizona, Coloramarket value worth a certain amount are greater in Upper Wisconsin than do, Wyoming, North Dakota, South of cash in the home market. The in the Middle Western states of the Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri cow which consumes it is the farm- high-priced land. This is a remark- and Oklahoma. Realize also that the Upper Wiser's machine for manufacturing that able fact. Pure water is a characterfeed into milk, and the better the ma- istic of Upper Wisconsin.—From Mil- conSin home markets have been proschine the more milk she will make waukee, Wis., Journal, April 8, 1918. perous for generations and will continue to be prosperous. This is no from the feeds that she consumes. America's greatest farm progress war time boom. Conditions in the This is a very great question and very important to men who milk during the next decade will unques- Chicago territory are rooted in the cows. We want to see them under- tionably take place in upper Wiscon- soils, dependable rainfall, location and natural resources. stand the problem and to cease \fool- sin, we believe. ing away time and expensive feed with a cow machine that cannot make proper use of it because she has not been bred for that kind of work. ^ beef is steadily declining a nore and more the consuming public is learning the food values of milk and milk products—that throughout the war Em•ope will continue to straw heavily on us for dairy products— that after the war Europe will continue to need our dairy products and particularly our dairy cattle—it seems quite clear that no type of farming has such a bright future as dairying. He is then, a true friend of the farmer who studies this situation carefuly and makes known these fasts to farmers who have not yet awakened to the opportunity. What the Foregoing Means to You. There is tremendous significance in the foregoing to anyone who is now carrying on any form of farming, and who is interested, even in the remotest way, in engaging in farming. It means that there it an opportunity for thousands of people to turn to dairy fsrming with the almost certain result of splendid returns. Supposin a you do decide to engage in dairying, where is the best locality? You 'well know that rich grass pastures, clover hay, and corn silage make up the cheapest ration for milch cows. Naturally, to make the most at dairying, you would want to locate where such feeds can be raised infallibly every year, and where they can be produced in the ga prenaateest quantities at the least ex- TS S?:dOUS s come. For the year aput of the county was This is for milk and milk ails; it does not iticlude ti cattle sold from the liesa: for beef, and the fertili0 al to the land. The county .as thirty-six cheese factories e.iimeries, and is shipping gre atities of milk and cream to tee, the copper and iron minime ••3 to the north and to other a a Five to ten new cheese fail ire being established every yeia estimated that for 1918 dai .'ducts sold from Marinette connt bringno less than $1,500.000. county has 750 silos and new o, so being built at the rate of 200 Marinette coe s all the foundation laid for mai dairy business of $25;000, Jr the sale of high grade and • red dairy stock to the extent of 0,000 per year. You can step rig • o this situation and by putting y tue and a little capital into the lauds of Marinette counts' on yourself a farm home wc 'the way from $5,000 to $25,(n, tithe same time have a good liv yourseN and family in a goe. ,gressive American community • Breeding up Herds. Let Us Fre V hat We Say. We have talked very seriously to Investigate! i't say "It's all Marinette County farmer audiences right to say Or lags in the paper, before on this subject and we were but I know it Get on a told last week by farmers who have a." You nattirally would not choose train and vi Suede county. listened to us before that they have $200 per acre land in Iowa or Illinois Come and let. t to you EVERY been influenced by what we have said as the place where you could make WORD WE S. n't buy land if and that they have come to see the the greatest profits at dairying, and we can't prove • trip won't cost importance of dairy type's and that yet great profits at that form of farm- you more than $30, and if you they are breeding up through the use ing are being made every day even do decide to 7 1 we will pay of pure bred sires just as fast as possible. on lands priced as 'high as $250 per your fare. It was very gratifying to us to , acre, and when a large part of the ' -We don't saa •sinette county of, feed must be purchased, because clov- fers you °ppm : therefore you know that the hard work that we should buy lane er is not an assured crop. .cc." We do say have been doing for many years in What profits are not possible then instead, "We k • Slarinette county this direction is bearing fruit here when dairying is conducted on lands offers you oppc .•.Itityi therefore we and there all over the state. We are , which can be bought at $25 per aerie, want you to cc s end see for your- glad to know that farmers believe r,t, you here in Mar- in us, that they pay attention to what , plus the fact that these lands are not self. We don't • surpassed for dairy farthing by lands inette county N ...1 us unless you do we say and feel that we are in earnanywhere in the country. 'see opportunits J;ead of you, bet the est in our effort to help them to help ,.e - is to look tUese themselvevs. We also talked about way to make Are You Earnest, Sincere? whi eere are still good soil fertility, about alfalfa and other over lands , t We • too h f the bat-gait' pries matters of interest to farmers. •0 great opportunity awaiting progres- selections to b Senator Lenroot was the last speakes. sive, earnest, ambitious people who on the program and made a very er of acres emends of eel could We will come to Marinette county with a Ty year without earnest and loyal appeal. He was moderate amount of means and de- land to people lands over: every very enthusiastically received by an velop lands on a dairy farming or gen- them looking audience of a thousand people who eral livestock plan. You don't need day people wta . buy land on that riably advise them arose in their seats and cheered him to start with a fine pure-bred herd. plan. But we ..for themselves, to for several moments. Start with a few good grades and to come and In the evening a banquet was ten•. they are buying build up your herd as the land is de- make certain Senator Lenroot and the editor veloped. If you will use common good land ' :- right price and in dered Could we make a of The Wisconsin Agriculturist by the sense—just plain every-day common ! the right .aci. Scandinavian Club of Marinette. A sense—you are practieally certain of fairer proposi Don't contin o be one of those splendid repast was served by the success, and at the same time the that there is "no ladies, after which- the Club was adkeeping of dairy cattle on your land ,.).,Pilelcui.)tetintietytkleeftenind dressed by Mr. Lenroot and the writModern high-powered land clearing will help to develop it and to increase rld is still full of or. , its value every year. devices are 'desirable for those who Settlers. of Class Splendid , To judge the future of dairying in opportunities. can afford them, but the settler With of the greatest of 11\dilig : s:dTak'' h)e : tpiwl11(;l: flecoh The day was one that will long be Marinette county, you should be fa- IsPtolue miller with the results in recent these oppoi:ai :es at this time is remembered by all who were in at- only small means can get results just years. In 1909 the total output of dairying cia It t:lover lands of Mari- tendance, and especially by the farm- , as effectually, although a little slowissionsin. Come and ers of Marinette County. We cannot er, with the "one-man stump puller." dairy products in the county was only nette county, say enough in favor of this splendid $70,000. The county then had one see! There is no stump too large for this demonstration and celebration of the , cheese one and creamery facsturdy, little machine, and every $1,000, splendid Potato that in on going Crop. work probably were good 75 There tory. Potatoes . he biggest cash crap county, and of the feeling that exists year hundreds of acres of land are silos in the county. By 1915 the total dairy output had risen to $255,- in Marillette V:isconsin and in among the people of the county. They cleared with it in Upper Wisconsin. 000, the county hail seven cheese fac- 1917 the Lim s sew hree-quatters are all loyal, earnest, sincere, intern- I The cost of this machine is less than the cost of a horse. Used energetitories and creameries, and about 350 of a minion 'It.. The crop was gent, thoughtful and prosperous. worth rear', The farmers of Marinette County cally by its owner, it will clear silos. 000.--The Chica, go Daily DI'l) Note This Tremendous Growth. urnel, March 11, are readers of agricultural papers. We enough land in the spring and fall With that start the period of tre- 1918. have a great many subscribers in of any one year to pay for itself a CONGP'VIOLATE MARINETTE ON LEADERSHIP IN NEW DEVELOPMENT A LAND OF GOOD HEALTH "ONE-MAN STUMP PULLER" SOLVES CLEARING PROBLEM FOR SETTLERS OF SMALLER MEANS _ red You Clover Can and Buy Allah Good rake Alfalfa ManLands nette at CountyCounty $25 a Great per Stork , L. Acre Le Country -------- 4 great many times. There are no hid .eii mysteries about land clearing processes. In recent years land clearing operations have been reduced to a simple procedure which anyone can follow who is willing to work. Over 100,000 acres of land are being cleared and put into crops every year in Upper Wisconsin. You can estimate for yourself how long it will be before the greatest opportunities in the best carts of the country will have passed. There is still time to get a splendid tract of land at a very reasonable price if you do not delay, too long. LANDOLOGY—Victory and Opp unity Edition—LANDOLOGY PAGE FOUR LANDOLOGY—Victory and Op't; PAGE FIVE Edition—LANDOLOGY , 111111•10.••• Special Victory and Opportunity Edition of LANDOLOGY Edited and Published by the Skidmore Land Co., Marinette, Wis. , 11.MANIVININ , 414.0.41 ',FINN. .041414 Making $100 per Acre Land From $23 f r Acre Land With the Aid of a Tractor ts,4ress,e414.41144•04\1041,11.41,01,4,74,04.44,.. THE LAND OF KNOWN QUANTITIES FORDSON TRACTOR MAY MEAN NEW DAY IN FARMING HENRY FORD'S MARVELOUS NEW MACHINE MAKES ITS APPEARANCE IN MARINETTE COUNTY. The editor of LANDOLOGY had occasion in August, 1918, to witness a By the Editor of Landology demonstration of several of the Fordson trectors. We wonder if you have Ten to fifteen years ago farm'seen these marvelous little machines in operation? ers and city people from the middle west were rushing to the A Revolution in Farming. Has it occurred to you what a resemi-arid wheat lands of the far markable effect they may have on the west. They went like a herd of settlement of upper Wisconsin within Few asked stampeded cattle. itire next year or two? For instance, themselves "Where are we going, I suppose that there were 10,000 of these and why?" It was enough that I machines put into operation in Marinette county. Thousands of addition. on every hand they saw hundreds al acres of land would be cleared, all of others going. The goal, they crops would be handled and cultivated reasoned, must be worth the and harvested better and at less exstake or so many people would penSe than ever before. not seek it. The FordsoX tractor is new and we of course do not know what its future It is not necessary for us to rewill be. It will sell now at a price in view the outcome. The history of the neighborhood of $850, and will the years following this great probably sell at a somewhat lower price after the war. This is about the land movement to the far west is cost of two teams of averagely good now pretty well known to all midhorses. The tractor will probadle western people. Today we bly do the work of four teams and it wonder how it could have been will eat only •When it is working. It possible that literally thousands will last the working life time of the average horse or longer. of people should have rushed to Its initial cost would in most cases lands hundreds of miles from be absorbed in one season. It is as markets, often fifty and sixty simple of operation as a Ford car; shipping miles from railroad in fact it is nothing but a larger Ford ear without the body, and geared points, and lacking in schools, lower. roads, towns, neighbors and pracWill It Double Land Values? tically all the conditions that It is our sincere belief that this marmake up a habitable area. Lackvelous little machine will revolution. ing, moreover, in many years ize farming in America and we do not sufficient rainfall to make possiknow of any place where it will have ble a crop, and in the odd years The scene.- shows a.; on a: farm near Crivitz,1 power of the tractor. The deep, wide furrow, cut with a quicker or more extensive effect on The great "iron horse" walks over the face of the under land yalues than in localities like Marwhen there was enough rainfall 4cw land. In the distance this huge breaking plow, buries the small brush land in Marinette County and transforms a beautiful but Marinette County, brea County. not inette will it that effectually so for a crop, lacking the highways it smothers and sod the Attildings. The man who can afford one of these unproductive woods into a smiling homestead yielding you can see the setller'q that market and the railroads to bother when the land has been seeded. machines and will take up 40, 80, 160, The tractor has inva4 bumper crops from then on until the end' of time. -,. Alarinette County for keeps, ' crop at a profit. The tractor shown in this scene has been used every 320 or any acreage of land in Mariatm- to operate tractors they It is the way of progress. It is the conversion of the For those who havseason for three years on a 400 acre tract of new land nette county, large or small, and will They remember now, these peok•' of prove much to og and putting new land to east of Crivitz, and already about 200 acres have been farm with just an average amount of incentive The man. of needs the to was it as earth ple who responded to the lure of good judgment, cannot help but make fni.lw the great breaking plows put into crops. The farm supports a splendid herd of ;cod distance and the unknown, that this great work is the urge within every normal human the uses of the and have in a few years a farm w used to necessary which be can not is Ctor, it blooded dairy cattle, and the lan(i, which was bought at worth $100 per acre from land which they knew little or nothing of the being to do something worth while to provide for himself iots, etc., before the break- about $25 per acre, could not be purchased today at $75 lie can buy today at $20 to $30 per average annual rainfall of the and those dependent upon him, and to hand down to pos- remove many of ti acre. ing is done—the brea throws them out under the per acre. districts to which they went, they terity a worthy work well done. The Dreamers Are Winners. knew nothing of markets, schools, Have you lost the ability to dream? highways or railroads—they simWe used to laugh at ,the dreamers, )0, $10,000 or melts are springing up, and one sources you banks and bankers' associations, ! a farm ply knew that the far west was a hundred and Now we know that it is the dreamers value, in $15,000 of increase the associations, where you -testing those to learn cow of of can learn all there is to being boomed as a great wheat f today who are the winners of to. testimonial of while it probably will not be before you in- settlers' organizatiOns which bet- i,leave b Inorrow. If you cannot dream what country, hundreds of others were Upper Wisconsin .or in making speolocular, will in all probability ,iou might be able to do with a FordYou can know tef social conditions for .the new-' your w going, the fever va s spreading vest one cent. ,- on tractor on a quarter eection of do. com.tur---.-of R, liundred anJ one s' land ot me411 •Lthe doubling and treb!ing thou .....,* three are whether iria,rke'.,s they rushed to 't as if gold t ai ver land in Marinette te •i .`v. you, have • :,.: 4 .> • - - tLsnr..tt you nese! to reaha • e' of a gon in are practically at your door. You arne by a community'such as } It this Bushels in One Year—Larger success in anything you iney try to The lure that moved them was we sinceret4hree or five years. to. You can make a, dream of a farm can learn whether there are no Marinette county in helping new'mon sens Acreage in Wheat. Lacking as old as mankind. achy until the 'mine here in Marinkte county come ,iart now and go to our office Front schools, or plenty of schools and settlers to make the most of their ly urge 3 Milwauk•ee Journal of June 11, :rue, now if you will follow up your knowledge of real conditions, it Il o'' opportuni- and hotel at ldoor to ti learn whether opportunity. can you ones; Wausaukee,' Wis., 'good in .1913 lay dreams with good hustling Amer. was easy to believe almost any-Tlie Land of Marinette County, on the main Yes, Marinette county is, in ty has dc highways do not exist or whether activity. Madison, Wis.—The spring wheat thing that might be said or imag0 s." In Known Mariknown quanof land line of the C., M. & St. P. rail- acreage in Wisconsin Upper Wisconsin has highways truth, "The Come to Marinette county before has inbeen ined of the "golden west." tore a longer way from Chicago. Youiwill find which as a whole are the equal or tities." It does not hold out to nette cola, . '11 of the best lands in the best local. enchantment. lends Distance more nrogres- one of our field men there at all creased 128 per cent over 1917, or a 'ties have been taken by others who better than. highways in many you the lure of a fortune in one grow- Hg s.' total increase of 187,000 acres, makSeeing others on all sides of them eeognized 'a good thing before you . 'ger population, times. We will have autos ready older settled localities; you can year; neither does it hide from sive people: ing 333,000 acres planted to spring rushing to this supposed "land of d faster increas- t .1 learn whether the people already you a pitfall like thousands stum- better mark, theland wifhrni wheat in the state this year, com- did. promise" they became excited are bringing in charge, and your full railroad living and farming in a locality bled into in the far west such as ing land v,, pared to 146,000 acres harvested in and convinced themselves they ',her of settlers, ale 0,1 NI a3,s like Marinette county are ignor- three Or four years of absolutely the greatest e allowed , 1917. The total acreage of spring would lose out if they took droughts. of. the eatest because day : t. of opportuncrops you decide to make a purchase. ant and unprogressive or whether no and winter wheat in Wisconsin this the time to investigate before quickly. Often year is estimated at 398,000 acres, they are of the best quality of cit- You know absolutely that a coin- ities will p Opportunity-may have knocked they followed the crowd. compared to 239,000 acres in 1917. • land' customers often at your door in izenship under the sun and pos- plete crop failure never happened there are tw the past; it This makes the largest acreage in This little page of history has sibly more progressive than the in the history of the state of Wis- thy lay. One coung e,re may knock often again, .but wheat for the state since 1905, when not been written to deter people neighbors in the locality where consin. ,be, cannot forrienataas si 474,000 acres was again this may be opportunity's reported. The con-ants and needs from going to far western lands. you now live—all of this and Marinette county does- hold out ever sa tidy last and greatest call to you. Will • dition of spring wheat June 1 is 96 per cent compared to 90 per cent ieekers. Ile good and bad points concern- more you can learn by simply to you the promise of a good farm of so many . you act? June 1 last year and a ten-year aver,pportunity here There is ing those lands are well known to availing yourself of the informa- home if you are willing to work age, of 93 per cent. Based on the of the word. We most people now, and the great tion which is to be had from any to secure such a home; a gradual in the best : June 1 condition, a total production From a C. 4- N. W. By. ie market. at this FOURTEEN CA RLOA DS of 6,46.0,000 bushels is expected, comtide of settlers has dwindled to number of sources. and substantial increase in the are placing . It wculd be unfair to the homeseeker pared to 3,095,000 bushels harvested s of land which almost nothing. OF WESTERN CATTLE Then you can learn—if you value of your land; a climate in time 80,000 o interest him in the Wisconsin cutI . "fore shown to a But we are sure the reader is a care to—of the county agents, the which men and animals are We have lieu PUT LANDS HERE, The total production of winter Iver lands without giving him some - land was man of reason and we want to ap- county agricultural schools, the healthy and vigorous; a land of land custe:., wheat is forecast at 1,090,000 bushels. 'flea of the disadvantages as well as .:•ket for various From Marinette (Wis.) Eagle-Slur The total estimated production of Il he advantages. peal to his reason by drawing a helpful neighborhood agricultur- plenty of sunshine and good peo- held from I of , wheat for the state is estimated at eases because You have read something of the pe. comparison between the rush to al meetings held in the rural pie, a wealth of beauty and con- reasons—in May 20, 1918. 7.550,0000 bushels, compared to suliar advantages which upper Wie were ctructing these far western lands ten or school houses, the co-operative I cut in the sparkling brooks, the we roads Fourteen carloads of western Ari- 5,329,000 harvested last year. -ensin offers to the man who wants .qse there were zona cattle, numbering upwards of Reportsbushels fifteen years ago and the move- plans of buying livestock, the placid lakes and the green slopes, through it ; I from several thousand in- 'arm and a home for a little money. rights, etc. But 500 head, past through Marinette' dividual farms scattered throughout nese 'advantages are real and they ment to the former timber lands credit plan of furnishing settlers and finally, the certainty to those unexpired lisp to new lands in the state indicated that over two you land front last Friday enroute Ire of Upper Wisconsin which is in with grain, grass and potato seed, who do not shy at labor, of a good today we can this vicinity. They were on their way farmers out of three are growing ve little short of wonderful. In fact, believe in all sincerity, that there not ly the for and self been which living coma family, clubs, progress at this time. takclearing land of community to "get at" the green pastures in! wheat this year. comnared to less 's no place in America that can offer VHS and settle- this locality. by potence for declining years, and en; land W For the purposes of this editor- of special credits extended than one out of tht•ee in 1917. more advantages to the man who ial let us call the far west—as it eants to create a home than are offer. od by upper Wisconsin. But let us was fifteen years ago—"The land 'Ake a look at the other side of the of unknown quantities." For all picture. the settler knew it might have lie l'h?at are the drawbacks? Are they becould he where been a place very large and are there many of come rich in one season or it The first drawback, the last drawmight have been a place where hock and elle only real drawback is drought or lack of markets would lumps and uncleared underbrush. sooner or later make him a pauNo man should come to upper WisUpcall us let this Against per. -onsin if he, expects to build a home and a successful farm without using per Wisconsin "The land of both his head and his hands. But no known quantities." man who wants a real opportunity, Then let us answer the queswho i5 not afraid work, o tion "Why is Upper Wisconsin villing to a d big reor fn wards, should let the drawback of the land of Known Quantities?" etumps and uncleare,d lands keep him an It is a question you ought to be away from upper Wisconsin. greatly interested in, if you are After all, perhaps these stumps are thinking of getting land in Wisnot a drawback! Perhaps they are the real reason for the opportunity that is consin or elsewhere. offered you today. For land that is as Upper Wisconsin is "the land fertile as is tibia in upper Wisconsin of Known Quantities" because it —land that will grow crops unexcelled is only about a night's ride from anywhere in a climate as healthful as it the earth affords; where grasses and your home and you can visit forage crops grow almost without efand see exactly for yourself what fort; where the dairy Cow is almost an others from your own state have automatic machine to transmute the six or four two, accomplished in wealth of the soil into money in the bank; where every possible market fayears; because you can learn cility is right next door, and. railway through the United States or transportation is of the best—lands Wisconsin state government the like these would sell at prices beyond any average annual rainfall the reach of any but the capitalist, if the stumps and the uncleared underlocality in the state, the average brush were not there. annual production of any crop, These lands when cleared become of number the dairy output, the the equal in productivity of the $250 head of livestock, the average and $300 an acre lands of Illinois, and You can buy them now uncleared at value of each and the profit from et $15 to $30 an acre. You can buy these any class of livestock in any lohave • low fertile ever the on traveled than thru an exclusive- cheap lands, add your labor, your fore.w how to farm, anywhere A group of new settlers' barns built the settlers are making money. Most ern stan.--s, cality. priced lands of Marinette County, ly wheat country, or any one-crop fi value of good Wisconsin. You will agree they must 1country, you will better appreciate thought and your genius and create a spring of 1918. of them are good American farmers they knee-e land 1917 of fall the in farm worth in a few years. from now Moreover, you can learn exley Imow that be making money to put up such im- what improvements like these indi- ten times what you pay for the these from southern Wisconsin, Illinois, lilt )I'01,-,S911,_91 actly the nature of the soil and When you see buildings like land better provements as these farms. If you cate. today. ay in us that Iowa, Indiana and other middle west- goui impre•• what it is best adapted to. From going up, you will agree with WISCONSiN RAISES 7,000,000 BUSHELS OF WHEAT IN 1918 I WAS STUMPS THAT KEPT THIS LAND FOR YOU •nor "HINTS TO SETTLERS" FROM WISCONSIN "U" The Wisconsin Agricultural Experiment Station of the University of Wisconsin has just issued a new official bulletin entitled "Hints for Settlers." The following statements are taken from this bulletin: Wisconsin is surrounded by good markets. The state has a desirable climate. Generally speaking it is not good policy to rent where land is cheap. Desirable places to rent may be hard to find. It is difficult to get ahead very fast on the land belonging to someone else. Other things being equal it will be of advantage for the settler to locate In a region where cow-testing associations prevail or are being created. He may have only a few cows, but those in his possession at this stage are worth more to him than a whole herd to the fellow who has his land fully paid for and developed, and has money out at interest. (Marinette County already has three official cowtesting associations and a fourth is being organized). Pork Production. The greatest increase in pork production in Wisconsin has occured in upper Wisconsin. Corn has increased 160.000 acres since 1910. The call of the market is for the rapidly grown porker. In its production there is the greatest profit. Such pigs to dress 180 to 200 pounds should go on the market at eight months. Feeds to do this are possible in upper Wisconsin. The point to be considered at this time is that pork making is profitable for the farmers of that region. Peas—A Winning Crop. Wisconsin produces a variety of cash crops—canning peas, sugar beets, tobacco, and clover seed. The growing of canning peas makes an important agricultural industry, about 80,000 acres in the state being devoted to this crop. For, growing peas there ig probably no locality better than upper Wisconsin. It is safe. It yields well. The labor iteni is slight. It is a crop requiring no cultivation other than the preparation of the soil. While field peas are of practical value in feeding stock, there is also a good profit in growing them for seed. The average cost of growing and harvesting the crop, exclusive of seed is about $9 per acre. An average yield is 20 bushels of seed. With tne possible exception of roots, there are few crops more valuable than field peas to the man who is opening up a farm and establishing a dairy herd. Clover Seed. Clover seed is one of the most valWisconsin, Illiuable cash crops. nois and Ohio are the leading produc..?rs of clover seed. The ceases credits Wisconsin with more seed then any ! • ROOT CROPS ARE OF GREAT VALUE TO NEW SETTLER GRAIN FOR DEMAND WITH ABROAD, FEEDING VALUE OF ROOT CROPS IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN EVER BEFORE. ON NEW LAND FLOURISH -MARINETTE COUNTY PROVIDE HOMESEEKERS WITH FEED TO WINTER STOCK FIRST SEASON. From the Wisconsin Farmer, May 30, 1918. High in available energy according to the dry matter they contain, large in yields to the acre, low in seed cost, and easy to grow, turnips and rutabagas are a boon to Wisconsin farmers in many sections of the state. To reinforce corn silage and other crops sown for succulent feed the root family is exceptionally valuable. In upper Wisconsin many a settler has found his crop of roots to be his best winter friend, in that the root crop, properly stored in pits, enabled him to keep his stock thrifty and productive without the extra expense of building a silo—something which the settler badly wants, but often cannot afford in his first season. Root crops are called "watered concentrates" by the men who make a specialty of animal feeding. Stulies by certain experimenters in Denmark and at Cornell, New York, lead to the conclusion that for the dairy cow a pound of dry matter in roots has the same feeding value as a pound of dry matter in grain, such Wing AS corn, oats, wheat and barley. and Savage state that mangels can 'eplace half the grain ordinarily fed n a ration of grain, mixed hay, and ;nage without reducing the yield of milk and butter. Good for Swine. When it comes to swine rations— here is is where Wisconsin farmers need the root crop most of all. Roots not only add great variety to the ration, but reduce the amount of grain concentrates required. The bulkiness of roots are of great benefit to brood sows in winter. In fact, it is an unwise swine breeder who will neglect to sow succulent root crops this summer for later hog feeding. "Settlers, Grow Roots." working with the Its scale, and still the business has only I ciation is already article above from the WisconThe leading growers in putting out brandut commenced. pure-bred brand- sin Farmer is supplemented by stateas well as goods, ed 11 poThe further development of the ,meetc. mar seeteahdtoa t„rpm ed aiants ny the University of Wit 30II. tato industry in the next five or six I Potatoes ill help you to win yield a, high as 23 'ars will mean fortunes fol a groat inette County, Wis- tin. Mangels will 'y More who can see the vast pos- consin per acre, green weight; rut sugar tuns like 38 crops to cash Otiler , ;ales of special-marketing of this whIeh , beets, beans, peas and strawberries thagas 2e to 25 tons, and turnips ft.' a y no the same teese crops • ta pres&e. will also help. Nene of 16 to 24 tcna, The t'-'t of n* :ea -tree •;)• • • c,/ potatoe • par-' e't ' ; qu:tion"ees not exceed $6. e. f The ttlie.ea „ area ticipate in the return from MariPo tatoes, as every9123 knows, try, and the ca, Marinette County County's $1,000,000 crop of po- root crop and the great adaptability nette but help cannot ,i). 1,1'11(A.(II' Chose $1,000.000 worth of p tatoes for 1919 is up to you. If you a pro- reae the Lee e fit if Liqi,y- use good busi- want to share in it, we sincerely if the CU in Upper Wisconsin for Potato production h; urge you to make a selection of land potatoes is already known far and now, because with every hour that is wide. With the call during the war ticked off by the clock of time, the for great shipments of grain abroad, number of the best farming opportunsoils of Upper Wisities remaining in upper Wisconsin is :he ability of the diminishing, and the cost is increas- consin to produce enormous root ing. It means a substantial and very crops, which will to a large extent real saying to buy while good, lowtake the place of grain rations, is priced land is still available. something that any prospective land purchaser should consider well. Upper counties. This crop is proving A circular from Wisconsin Univeritself to be peculiarly adapted to roots cut northern Wisconsin conditions, and 3ity states that these big it is the most important cash crop 'eed bills to a large extent. for most of• the new settlers. Several "They are Nature's silo," says this of the upper counties are establish- ,circular, "and will act as food for the ing a splendid reputation in the production of seed potatoes for the 3ettlers' stock fOr the first winter. An southern trade." icre of roots will winter your stock. The seed potatoes mentioned above 3ow root crops in the new clearing, for the southern trade are largely settler Triumphs. Erick Mickelson, one of )r among the stumps. Every potamight seed some of while growers roots grow known can the well in Marinette County, has taken lot have land suitable for corn the toes IS MAGAZINE LAND THIS OF EDITION THE COMPLETE the first prize on Trfumph potatoes at irst season. An acre of roots will the famous Wisconein state show years. feed ten cows through the winfour help past each year for the 1 The acreage of peas grown in Wis- :en Roots will help the settler keep consin for canning is 43,680. The more cows, and make more money. This is a substantially bound book fit for any library, no advertisacreage for the United States in the is it ' but BOOK." FACT "LAND the it call We etc. cover, on ing will make year was 108,748, so that about More cows and more roots 'same SITUATION. LAND THE OF machinery. BOOK TEXT THE is by It more than that. Practically all labor in connection with potato pr, ,4fon es now done 1 40% of the acreage of peas grown in you money while you are clearing WHERE land the of illustrations It contains over 200 half-tone everyone knows America are produced in Wisconsin. your farm." per acre land will yield three times mise of the future-eel- qthe fact of ' ness judgment. As FARMERS GROW RICH. It is a book that you will be proud to own sold in In addition to the peas grown in Wisfruits, wrapped specially absolutely settlers book this an you tha:t profit today. .Year in and • the amount of net and show your neighbors. We will send The University pamphlet states dou- consin for canning, there were 53,408 nearly tternand cartons, branded , west tear 'llatddle sign, pace, this on asked land from other states in acre of corn on $200 per acre free if you will answer the questions fruits. acres of dry, field and seed peas :urther, "that roots will yield 300 to unbranded of price the ble their of enclosed. find will you are (iarning the full e, will show in Illinois or Iowa. out and send to us in the self-addressed envelope 100 bushels per acre, that they do op of pota- The same condition can be brought grown. Net prolite of as high as $50 per land. with one season and in I Speaking of corn the report shows sspecially well on new land; that the industry, potato the in about I made been acre, after deducting all items of cost, toes. Many fortunes' lee rd the pota- fact that day is not far distant, for great gains in acreage in Upper Wis- cost for seed is low, varying from have time and again been realized by those who Growers' Asso- cousin. It says, "A remarkable on new lands in Marinette County by to raising business c'''Orn extensive the Wisconsin Potato five they require no Icrease has taken place in the acreage 51.50 to $6 per acre; ------ _ _ planted to corn since 1909, due no cxpensive tools; the cool nights and doubt to the general appreciation of elentitude of moisture together with ' the value of silage. The greatest in- :he Upper Wisconsin climate are ideal have occurred in the northThis places you under no obligation. ern and northeastern counties. A 'or the production of this crop; they be noted in Ire relished by all stock; are as diabove says, "The number of milk little correlation will .3.e00 Many people considering the purRye Wisconsin has certain counties between the in- testible as grain and act as a tonic Do you wish to buy for a home or for investment? of state the in cows • , S.000 chase of land in Upper Wisconsin Clover and 'I imoi I; acreage and the it constantly increased since the last crease in the corn •i "''' 140 dairy :or all farm stock; they provide wilithink they would be locating in a Alfalfa How many acres of land do you wish to buy? Estimates based on asses- increase in the number of census. , :e0 wild new country. Upper Wisconsin ' Beans 1 sors' reports for 1917 show. an in- cows. The acreage of 'corn in dis- er succulence and take the place of , What amount of money have you now or expect to have soon, to pay 5.400 Is still young in its development, but Potatoes crease of two per cent over the num- trict No. 3 has more than doubled." the settlers' silo the first winter. large areas are much better develthe northeastern Pound for pound with the water out 4C her of dairy cattle on farms a year (District No. 3 is down on a purchase? ,159.e.70 , oped than most people think. The Total section of Wisconsin which includes most The cows. these at 1,784,570 look or and ago, come that. could you liows which 5— they are as valuable as grain. Roots When is the earliest date on i increase of the acreage in cultivated The report furthe : County.) 13,000 striking increases occur in the north- Marinette crops in Wisconsin has been 770.000 there were fipproxi':.:elRlY vill cut your grain feeding one-half, counties." ern in County., lands? iacres since the 1910 census. This dairy cows in leiarin,i.-t that further keep your stock in just as good says Ind statement The stateforegoing the three Remember, acres 1917, or about one cow;-e e -ery I means an average of 110,000 this there has been an increase of about ments and figures are not ours, condition. Roots keep breeding-stock to Add e Have you any real estate that you must sell before you purchase? county ; per year. A large part of this new people in the and 47% in .the number of milk cows in property, in prime condition." acreage represents the land cleared the young stock and 1‘; i cattle, If so, give on a special sheet detailed particulars of this the district which includes Marinette but are taken from - U. S. official head, 000 any. if 25 approximae. mortgage, of amount and price cash including lowest ! and put into crops in Upper Wiscon- there are Tremendous Crops. ever an that and 1910, the since reporting 14, County No. bulletin is the land ' , Inyat the : sin in the past seven years. cattle in Marinett('' Do you own any land at the present time and if so, where increasing number of good breed- Wisconsin Agricultural statistics We do not believe there is any 1 of xclusive present time. Thle ',. Our Crop Acreage. other fartit frig sheep are being shipped into Up- for 1917. The bulletin was writ- 'ocality in any part of the country Bulletin No. 14 of the U. S. Depart- hogs, AdditionhalorCser:13, situated? ' • per Wisconsin "where, with plenty ment of. Agriculture, giving statis- livestock. 1, of pasture, forage, good drainage and ten by W. F. Callander, U. S. offi- where you can get such tremendous cages. tics for 1917, presents the acreage of dry winters, sheep raising promises cial crop reporter. Come to Mar- Tops of maneels, rutabagas red 'e does above The acreage of cra various cultivated crops in Marinette nips, with such lIttle effort or cost become an important industry. to areasi large inette County and see for yourCounty. We believe these figures not take into considera Do you live on this land or rent it? Wisconsin Leads. Eastern Upper is you can in Marinette County. What crops,' root will help you to realize that in pur- planted to sugar bet In speaking of potatoes, the report self. as and turrue? others? means to the settler is very imthis or would yourself mange's. you as county such for our in either land chasing land sold ever largest Have you straw- says the crop in 1917 was the be buying land in a community where nips, peas, small fruitg: oh as portant. It helps to provide him with of Wisconsin with the history the in raspberries, blackberries 'successful farming has for many berries, of What is your business? exceptionally good feed for the first devoted to exception of 1914 when a crop years been a proven success, and currants, etc., and Sr million bushels was harthirty-seven , ds..Neither winter for dairy cows, beef cattle, or, the all in? cherry practically interested apple and have you you where are farming Libby, McNeill & Libby Co. of ChiWhat form of t the hun- • vested. The average yield for the advantages that you might have in does it take into ace was 114 bushels, cago, who operate a salting station sheep, or hogs. In Great Britain all 1917 in state entire clover cared beef cattle producers make extensive any older settled community in Amer- i dreds of acres of ricl! .nette Remarks County.; while the average yield in district No. at Crivitz, are paying the farmers a tuerm paesm sisints Aa,/;,.:, ebelrandth ica. From the following statement I R cucumbers northeastern size small the on bonus use of root crops. the includes which one cOunty ; 3, you will find the official Government , Wisconsin. section of Wisconsin. in which Mari- bought during the season. of 1917. The great production of root crops of Ci.,iii,:„'. acreage aloneMarinelte the ' regarding figures . for the year , nette County is located, produced an This is on account of the present in- in Marinette County in 1917 made it The area of wheal; various crops in Marinette County The NAME pickles. these of acre. value the to creased bushels 144 of 1918 was just about4!crable what it ; average for 1917: state. average in any checks are in the hands of Postmas- possible for many of the farmers to the highest y was a gaecreef500 acres was in 1917. The ,.fare Corn TOWN ter Duquaine who is handing them sell a large part of their grain crops, IC section acreage ' : ; trinled.. 13,500 age lifae been Oats interesting to note," says the to farmers as they are called for.— and still have a great sufficiency of 44 is has also "It been . beet: and 350 alfalfa, peas Winter Wheat STREET NO. or RFD ta the Crivitz Advocate, Marinette County, tatseeee in re ., antreadpidteinpce t,e"tyllie rg ea ro p 900 largely increased. ., the best feed for their stock, Spring Wheat March 1, 1918. 61 ;' acreage report quoted official 1,600 The same DATE Barley our settlers the are not alwae good profits, acre of tie, ly certal. be sue' by a • wir •) LANDOLOGY-DELUXE FILL IN, DETACH ON THIS LINE, AND MAIL TO SKIDMORE LAND CO., MARINETTE, WIS. of SETT'IR MAKING GOO DSTART. •441.4•MI.10.4.0.4"..`".?"4"--11.PO4.. ' Throughout the country the pre- are of the opinion that this crop is eminence of upper Wisconsin in the handled largely by hand labor. This production of great crops of pure- is not true. The farmers of Maribred, quality potatoes is now well nette County handle t.h.ir potato known. All farmers in Marinette crop with modern machinery just the County raise at least a certain acre- same way as they hande a Corn crop. Planters. diggers,- graders and moage of potatoes as ae cash crop. In quite a number of instances, dern storage warehouses have tak —e business Dien have taken over tests the ham* labor out HI the•putatoe _ oda n of 1111(1 fo);„ fl:Pre../4 other ..,Ltet.b. • Recent reports intitc-,,to engaging in the business of potato I A .1 `areat Cash Crop. a total yield of 215.000 bushels worth production. When they handle, this about $1,500,000. Added to this is the fact wte'ifti crop as a business, rotating with On many farms in the cut-over clover, yields of 150 to 400 bushels anyone will admit that an acre of country the settler will be surprised are annually obtained.' potatoes in upper Wisconsin on $25 at the income from bolts, posts, logs, Figures prepared by the United bark and kilnwood. department, [The bulletin referred to above States crop reporting price of potacites the products made of different show that the average five years back woods found on the lands on which toes in Wisconsin for bushel. Potatoes per 50c been has Wisconupper in located are settlers produced profitably sin. They are: cheese boxes, han- can always be a price as high as bring they when staves, pails, 1 hoops, dles, heading, of normal yield, years in fact 50c—in chair parts, trucks, tubs, vehicle potatoes at 25c in profit good is there cots, baskets, veneers, parts, lumber, bushel. crates, cribs, railway shims, Apiarists' I to 35c per The larger scene above shows a supplies, piling, berry crates, excelsior, ironing boards, broom handles, farm where potato culture is a busispokes, ties, shingle, grain doors, ness. In 1917 the yield on this farm pulp, agricultural implements, hubs, was 420 bushels per acre. One of the other scenes well illustrates the posts and fuel] modern handling of the potato crop machinery. with put can settler new the No stock Many Illinois and Iowa farmers on his place will pay better dividends than sheep, rightly understood and think they would not want to grow this crop extensively because they rightly handled. or.2 Compare to One-Cr )Country's Buildings )IE FORTUNES FOR MANY PEOPLE,BUT POTATOES IN UPPER WISCONSIN HAVE STILL BIGGER FORTUNES WI; RESULT WHEN POTATOES ORANGES. ARE MARKETED , The five minutes you spend in answering these quesminutes you ever tions may be the most valuable knock Opportunity's spent in your life, if you know when you hear it. 59,370 Acres in Crops in ounty During 19171creases • BONUS TO PICKLE GROWERS 1 LANDOLOGY-Victory LANDOLOGY Vi ctory and Opport, Jrtunity Edition-LANDOLOGY PAGE SEVE Edition-LANDOLOGY SOME SHEEP FACTS WORTH KNOWING ##~44141•IMIVNIFSIM#W.O.M.VINP4PO4•414. P....## DAIRY PROFITS SHEEP PAY AS FOR BEGINNERS WELL AS COWS Ten Thousand -People Honor Marine ,ually Turn Out at Picnic to ninty's New Settlers., UPPER WISCONSIN COMING TO RESCUE TO AVERT BEEF FAMINE IN THE U. S. Beef Caffle Market Expert Tells Why Upper Wisconsin Farmers Can Now Produce Beef With Greater Profit Than Ever Before-Market no Longer Calls for Highly Finished Beef Cattle-Present Conditions Greatly Favor Production of Beef in Localities Like Marinette County. VERY GOOD RETURNS ARE POS. THAT IS STATEMENT OF ONE OF GREATEST 1 WISCONSIN'S SIBLE TO MAN OF AVERAGE BREEDERS-TIME IS RIPE MEANS AS WELL AS TO TO START NOW. SETTLERS OF LARGER MEANS. [NOTE-The following article was When people who are considering written by Frank Kleinheivz, who is' locating in Marinette county read of himself one of America's.greatest breedsettlers here receiving monthly milk ers of sheep, and is also the author of checks of $100 to $250 they often say, many books on the subject of sheep. Mr. "Oh, yes, that may be true of people Kleinheinz is the sheep expert of the who have thousands of dollars to in- University of Wisconsin, and has made vest in high-priced dairy cattle, but it an intimate study of what Wisconsin does not mean much to a man of has to offer to the sheep man. The article below is reprinted from the Oct. average means." That people who make statements 6, 1.917, Edition of the Milwaukee Jourlike the foregoing are misinformed is nal.] best proven by some figures obtained All feel proud that Wisconsin is from a new settlement district in considered the greatest dairy state in where • Marinette county practically the union. none of the farmers has been on the A prominent aheepman, in addressMost of ing years. land more than five a large farmer audience recently, land them began developing the new said that sheep need a little more intwo or three years ago. None of telligent care than some of thee other these parties had large or unlimited classet of livestock, but when farmers funds to begin with. ;in Wisconsin have familiarized themIt will be well worth your time to 'selves with the proper care of sheep, look over the following statement just as the man with the dairy cow, of milk receipts received by new set- and the woman with the chickens tlers in a representative new set- have done, sheep husbandry can be tlement district in Marinette county: carried on, not only more extensively, but also with much greater success and profit. Sheep should again be raised on e tc•c: our Wisconsin farms. One of the tea directors of a county farm says that ' a° last year a net profit of a little 451 more than $2,000 was realized on 150 $ 13,34 3 7 8 40 14.97 breeding ewes. The land used was 3 2 4 67.21 rough and cost $20 an acre. This 6 10 18 22 10) 29.52 man, after figuring the cost of the 5 20 10 40 46.32 7 20 20 80 43.70 flock, feed and labor, said he had de8 20 25 80 35.88 rived from the sheep a much higher 5 30 SO 20 62.72 net profit than from any other class ,6 10 8 25 80 5 30.99 25 21) 80 42.95 of livestock. Another farmer, on a 7 20 20 80 7 43.05 section of high-priced land purchased 10 ea 80 5 27.47 twenty-four common grade ewes in 5 15 40 2 9 49.27 40 40 120 23.00 1914. These netted him $234 in a 40 4 15 80 14.72 year for lambs and wool. He said 2Q 3 40 5 2 8 44.62 their entire feed had been pasture 80 3 5 60 5 40 3 13.15 during the grass season and clover 7 80 20 20 42.74 25 3 80 20 37.67 hay in winter. No grain or other feed g. 20 10 13.06 was used. He was trying to buy more 40 20 80 20 30 116.06 sheep and said he was getting far 4 15 4 40 20 22.05 GO 30 60 249.81 more profit from his sheep than from 240 160 6 0 29.05 his cattle and hogs. 50 10 20 8 8a 48.83 Althougei steep atave greatly ad10 59 8 80 41.12 25 8 5 35.44 vanced in price, a man can start a 40 10 15 4 240 00.40 flock with a reasonable amount of 20 10 46 7 38.70 20 120 35 7 3 40.45 money. In the fall, perhaps, is the 23 4U 15 5 24.16 best time to purchase. At this time 13 40 20 5 39.21 the western range men dispose of 10 55 38 6 2 40.41 their surplus breeding ewes, and one As you probably know, Marinette can get a small flock of from fifteen county has a Co-operative Cow Buy- to twenty-five head without making ers' Association, which makes it pos- a large investment. Sheep multiply sible for settlers to get good dairy fast and by the use of a good, purecattle on deferred payments, paying bred ram, of any of the leading mutThe Marinette County New S $3 to $5 per month per head, with in- ton breeds, a fine flock will soon be terest at six per cent. Hundreds of established. A ram in many cases nection with the &velopment gr our settlers have beeome established can be used by two farmers on small people pre.§(..r.: over 10,O(' in successful dairy farming throught flocks in one or two breeding seasons, oyounds. areshw ram. 'he of lowering cost the thereby he aid of this cow-buying plan. The A Jiv taar cf ti )P It will pay farmers to think ,'ee matone opportunity is open to you ter ov ceedefu'Iv. They w:i! rnade to be one of the great,est institutirlis in eon'isconsin. At the last picnic the number of iced in the fields adjacent to the picnic .!aces where groups of autos were parked. thir nionic and those attending it are 71300n5i7 ne.^:fie. who }-Ave tiko THE PROBLEM THE REMEDY Written by Arthur W. Large and published in May, 1918 edition of "Cut-Over Lands. The English-speaking nations have dalways been the greatest beef eaters in the world and they have also reached the highest plane of civilization and have developed the capacity for the science of government unexcelled by any people, ancient or modern. Many deep thinkers hay! connected the heavy meat ea ng habits of the AngloSaxon races with their wonderful achievements. The United States is facing a beef famine. We must immensely increase our beef production or else change our meat-eating habits. If we are compelled to give up our regular meat allowance over a long period of time, deep thinkers expect to see a weakened race. We are American people, and must have what we need. Therefore, the beef production must be increased. Published in June 16, 1918, edition of the Chicago Daily Drovers' Journal. Beef cattle are finding their way into upper Wisconsin. Heretofore the dairy cow held sway because of the quick turnover; but conditions are so favorable for producers of shortfed and half-fat cattle that farmers in this section are taking to the steer to utilize some of the luxuriant grass which otherwise would go to waste. Clover. Alfalfa and Silage. With the clover and alfalfa, which are very plentiful, and silage, a good grade of market cattle is being made at a small cost. Farmers who have taken to beef production declare that, even though feeding cattle may be high, their land is cheap, and the production cost is lower than any place in the socalled corn belt, thus enabling them to make a handsome profit. Heretofore beef cattle haven't been made in large numbers because of the demand for finished stuff. Not having sufficient corn to put on the finish, these men stayed out of the business. They could make cattle up to the point where the finishing process commences, very cheap, but the final weight cost too much. Conditions Favor Beef Making. radically Conditions have changed, so that this situation has been eliminated, and the market calls for the kind of beef that farmers in upper Wisconsin have been able to make with a profit. Men from Iowa and Illinois who are now farming in that territory have gone back to their first love-making beefso that the production of market cattle will show a big inMoreover, crease this year. men who have never produced beef are entering the game, on account of its fitting so well with their scheme of farming, and it enables them to eliminate waste. Pork Production Increasing. t Pork peocluetme L retie for 1918 too. The 13 to pigs has attracted farmers' at tention, and with clover paaa ture and barley and oats good pork can be made very cheaply. While this is going on, dairy production is increasing, too. There is plenty of feed for all kinds of stock in that locality, and the entrance of the farmers into beef production is merely a step to eliminate waste as far as possible, and at the same time make their land more profitable. Beef Supply Decreasing. For the past seventeen years there has been a constant decrease in the number of beef cattle in the United States. There has been an actual decrease in the total number of beef cattle. This means that the per capita production of beef has been greatly diminished. The United States Census for 1910 reports the total number of beef cattle slaughtered that year as 21.981,637, and it is doubtful if any larger number is being slaughtered at the present time. This would mean that our actual beef supply per capita amounted to only one-fifth of a beef per annum. This covers only our domestic consumption and does not take into consideration the enormous demands now being made upon this country for beef from Europe. The facts are that prior to the European war we were rapidly becoming a great beef cattle importing country. For example, in 1914 we imported 868,368 head of beef cattle, not to mention an immense ••'amount oa dressed and canned eaef ti,-4.j the Argenline. During the same year, 1914, we exported only 18,376 head, and these were chiefly high-class breeding stock. , r• • utill Wu....Ine, • handle • • • tioektiiiiOperi. Ire want ..to. Wct 1:-.11cW 11 Le business of growing Wisc. .in t you will find the iight class t.,C pure bred Oa Ins and seeds is not td, vihicit "I;!„ere, ttAnks county, a so much of its new settlers • Rapidly Increas;ng Values. being. shouted 13 the skies, but neverthat it devot)2s klis great annual ey.,, them. by theless is being carries' forward The development work done steadily by one of the greatest of oar new settlers Marinette Celine:a Many great organizations, the Wis- Wisconsin, the success of their ef- ca-MINIPMINIVPAININNWINV^.~.44,0414, POP.ANT.4,4 0,7•41., 41111 , , P4`4,1 , .04 consin Experiment Association. forts in dairying and other forms of Not only have we markets in the . farming, the increase in population, states, but in all other continents opening of new roads, schools, Wisconsin seed corn, rye, oats and churches, etc., brings about a conbarley are known.-Wisconsin Agri- stant increase in land values. Land culturist, Nov. 17, 1917. sold five years at $18 per acre was sold the other day as a partly imThe state of Wisconsin has 177,127 proved farm at $100 per acre. Land • da farms, average 119 acres, 1,329,540 which can be purchased at from $20 4 , PMINANNON.4 0 , 4%.d. , 0 , eseaasaeseseessessa farm population, 1,675,000 dairy cows, to $25 per acre today is worth $50 to The scene shown in the picture was , root. eree k.ncl other winter feeds for , per acre. In other words, by the 1,313,000 other cattle, 2,142,000 swine, $80 per acre as soon as the settler judicious use of $400 of capital and 644,000 sheep, 712,000 horses, 3,000 has buildings on it and a reasonable taken in the early spring of 1918 at ' stock. the farm of Earl Johnson in the Waumules, amount of clearing. He alse -a.:1 a garden which provid- his own efforts, Mr. Johnson has saukee district. MI' Johnson former- ed ';. of the family's winter made a good living, built up a splenlargf 41e,.t ly resided in Vermilion County, Illi- food. TS.. dels feed he raised made did herd of grade dairy cattle, purnois. It possW him to winter a couple chased or raised six good horses, had People Interested in getting land in 'good dal .;.,s and a team of horses. a good living for his family, has Marinette County often ask the ques- He deal are land in the fall and bought 160 acres more of land, and tion, What can an average man with has bee/ eatinuing to develop his has tripled the value of his land hold; ings in three years. average experience and ability, and iplace eei s.1:'a:'fie. 1 Nothing that we might say could with an average amount of capital ex- 1 In the 'a'S:;,.- of 1918 he bought 160 ' more forcibly tell the story of what pect to accomplish on a good tract of acres mc land ad.oining the ,• any average man, who is willing to Marinette County land?" It is a fair eighty wa!SaaShe purchased in 1915. question, and one that would natural- The fun( :q•eli which he purchased 1 work and who has average means, can do on the good farming lands of ly arise in the mind of any person this new rier section were earned thinking of locating in Upper Wiscon- from the t t eFghty which he bought, Marinette County, Wisconsin. Make sin. It can best be answered by the ; because It ever had any funds from a trip here and have a talk with Mr. , s story of what Mr. Johnson has done I any sourct xcept the $4a0 with which Johnson. Ask him whether or not every word of this story is true. He F here. he began velopment operations on is only one of many concerning whom r What an Average Man Did. his origin: eighty. the same story could be written. He was a renter In Illindis. In JanIn the Ater Of 1917-18 Mr. John- • uary 1915 he purchased an 80-acre son wintet20 head of cattle and six tract of land in the upper central part horses )?. 1 :,i the feed for this stock WHERE CLOVER REALLY of Marinette County.' After he had being raiHaAon his original eighty GROWS LIKE A WEED made the first payment (one-third of acres of l td. He is located not far the purchase price) on his land Mr. from the ..,, ese factory, and his dairy , Speaking of Upper Wisconsin, L. Johneon had approximately $400 to herd brim ithini a monthly return of 1 F. Graber, alfalfa expert of the Unibegin development operations. He from i;d10( t!,? $150. His farming ef- versity of Wisconsin, says: "Where 0 began clearing land just as early in ' forte ha \ tSeen devoted largely to ; clover grows like a weed and is the spring of 1915 as possible. The', dairying, s 11.,speeial cash crops, such , cheaply and easily established withfirst year he built a small house and , as potato, ! 1'edear beets, cucumbers,'out lime or inoculation or other spebarn. The barn is shown in the ac- beans a • ,')as. In ;he fall of 1917 cial treatment, alfalfa should not be companying illustration. He also he built ?v silo, which is shown too greatly emphasized." 1 .ti. cleared nearly 40 acres of land. Mr. Graber truly says that Upper ,e above. in the Thirteen acres were devoted to po- Holds . I...1 -i'at $75 Per Acre Now. Wisconsin is a locality where "Clover n paid $25 per acre for :grows like a weed." Alfalfa productatoes. This crop of potatoes on new ; Mr. Jo'. land brought him $58 per acre, or a • his land,s e was asked recently at tion is spreading rapidly in Marinette We like to tell the story of the ; To the left you see the cultivated total of $760. The balance of the 40 what pra . a held his land at the county, but it is true that with our He said it was not for ; bountiful clover crops, raised with acres, which he had cleared in the present ti: farming opportunities in Marinette • crops-corn and potatoes, the next were for sale, he would lalmost no trouble, many farmers re' step in the: development of the land spring, was devoted to corn for sil- sale, but !: County, Wisconsin, by means of phoa price of lees than $75 fuse to pay much attention to alfalfa. after the stumps have been removed. age, peas And oats mixed for hay, not consid tographs. We know that when you The potatoes are a cash crop, providvisit us and see the places shown in ing the farmer with funds for continthese photographs you will know we uing the development of his land, and have told the truth, and nothing but the corn and hay provide winter feed the truth. We.. know further that for his stock. The photograph, in fact, shows a nothing, can show true conditions in Upper Wisconsin so well as photo- rational, sensible and well-balanced graphs taken right on the lands plan of development and farming which are being developed at the such as has been followed in the best districts of Wisconsin where lands topresent time. The scene above, taken not far day are worth all the way from $150 4 from Pembine in the upper central to $250 per acre. The man who will come to Maripart of Marinette County, tells the whole story of the development of nette County, and follow a plan of Marinette County. In the background farming just as shown in this picture Is seen rather heavily wooded land. -it is nothing fanciful; but just a In the cutting of the trees and brush plain everyday matter-of-fact plan of there not only is a lot of valuable sensible farming-will make good cord-wood, but many other merchant- with a double "o", will have a good able wood products, such as box-wood, living all his days and will leave to pulp-wood, posts, bark for tanning, his family a farm which will be a monument to his foresight and eneretc. In the foreground to the right is gy. This opportunity in Marinette Counseen the next step in preparing this land for agriculture. The trees and ty will not always be open-in fact brush have been removed, but not the day is now nearer when the best the stumps. Clover and blue-grass opportunities will be over than most -tea*eass dase have been sown, and the land is now people realize. To the man wanting a splendid pasture. Some dairy cat- the best land at rock-bottom prices, tle, which will turn this pasture into we can only say "the early bird catch- Starting with 80 acres and $400 of operatin: captt(l 1315 this fornaT Illinois renter now has 240 acres, a herd of 20 money, are also seen in the picture. es the worm." dairy cattle, Six lust's, a s.!, ana about 30 acres of cleared la ad. Former Vermilion Coumy, lois, Renter Proves What Settlers I With Average Means Can On Marinette Canty's New Lands World Facing a Beef Famine. The world is facing a great beef famine and only increased production can solve the problem. Beef is certain to go higher and higher. It is only the strong arm of the Government that keeps beef prices down to what they are today, although they are the highest ever known. CO-OPERATIVE BUYING HELPS OUR SETTLERS THIS SCENE SHOWS YOU ?RACTICALLY EVERY STEP IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW LAAD INTO RICH PASTURES AND CULTIVATED FIELDS CID CD X;I• •#00,41,11,114,004.0"."4"......."41,041,4•4,M14^.. Companies with capital of over $3,000,000 to handle sheep on the lands in upper Wisconsin have already been organized. Most of these !companies are already developing ;their land and several have from 1000 Ito 5000 sheep on their ranches at this time. Over 120,000,000 animals in Europe have been slaughtered thus far during the war, 56,000,000 of which were sheep. In all of the warring countries with the exception of America, England, Russia and Australia sheep have been practically wiped out, or so greatly depleted as to amount to wiping them out. In America, England, Russia and Australia there has been a great decrease in sheep. This means there cannot help but be a great shortage of wool throughout the war and for many years thereafter, because the number of sheep that have been slaughtered cannot be made up for many years to come. This cannot help but mean high prices for mato% and wool and good profits to the producers of these commodities. There were only about 30,000,000 shearing sheep in the United States this spring. This means a wool clip not to exceed 200,000,000 pounds and we need 750,000,000 pounds if we are to adequately equip and clothe our army and navy to protect them fro'm _Lag the cold. Twenty per cent of all the sheep in the far western sheep states will have to be slaughtered. This is the estimate of practical men who are acquainted with the situation. Why? Because the Homesteaders' Act has I in the past six or eight months taken over 50,000,000 acres of land-some of it the best grazing land for sheep in the country. They can be saved 1by placing them on the former timber i lands of upper Wisconsin. Sheep kill the brush and at the same time produce profitable mutton and wool. Investigate sheep! When fenced in on moderately sized or small tracts and frequently changed from place to place they perform service of great value in bringing the new farm one step nearer its cultivated condition, and they do this at a profit. I Small Grains Produce Great Crops in Marinette County paid a There is a $5 a day job awaiting price now being hire tlie extea Little Willy, Little Johnny, or any ,1 ble to time melee as la of your children, in a sugar beet field ; same than or, potatoe in Marinette County, Wisconsin. Any profits other .,peeial c boy twelve to sixteen years old, help- , ly any he a great ing his father to raise sugar beets in1 will always years there some in timel his make can County, Marinette tion, and this causes worth $5 per day. certain extent ia the Opportunity. Guaranteed A no dame Sugar beet growing in Marinette 1 is absolutely queer os County, Wisconsin, has always been ' production wear, and the farm it sua el ecxaesehpctiroonpa opportunity, d er h reuants a t e lwar the hut tion now in existence. segar Deets :e17 the crop. OX3STS provide s downright- guaranteed crop Under the stimalue of a price of $1.0 :•; ,..ne we ha' an. per ton for sugar beets-the highest. , sugar factories Marinette C ever paid in the history of Americaand the need for America to grow its ; duce from 12 to 24 on. own sugar during the war, Marinette 'per acre. This means County is this year growing three of $120 to $240 per 1 times as large a quantity of sugar 1price of $10' per ton. beets as ever before. In 1919 the 1 sugar beets yield less acreage will undoubtedly be tripled years, but it is Very I know that there never again. You well know the present critical ure of this crop-even sugar situation. Sugar beets will, no poorest years it will p doubt, take their place along side of tons per acre. Extra Help Pre the potato as one of the greatest cash Where a certain aces crops of Marinette County. Because ore (Usti of the fact that raising sugar beets tracted in any requires more intensive labor, such manufacturing compans teas as thinning, etc., many farmers in the special labor at a • past have been averse to growing this duringhe time that gis crop. But with the new price for this needed. The seed is credit ha+ crop it is time, however, that all farm- farmers on a interest. S1 ers awaken to the truth, that the high charge for CD CD CD CV .t.za• DC -% `•< 13 O'0 ,, 0 (7,1 0 ase CD FO. c:0,) 7. ) ‘•: DJ < CI- 0 W CD = VI CD 3 C W. DC 0 CD V) cr Zzo• C:1 .Zo, Cc) L-91 g C't cTh El. a0 (3 CT C.#3 .-3 e 3'. 3 C, ODD CDCCD .40 ho a a 13 a. a. was Qyz -51 3 = CD. 0 c. E.a r+ 3 9/ 13 C tr Cr CD _. c 0 (;),1 I. pond- d the crop is necessary as in the case of 'es ' potatoes; in other words, you send the crop to the factory just as it is dug with the exception that the tops lle t soffc,k dthese tops make excaerecnut stock feed. Sugar beets are wonderfully free of veather hazards. Frost does not illIre them. They pierce deep ire - 1.he iii and open up tiny fissures • tebide moisture and fertilit. ow a nd make the ground .„;ounty growl, .11 ry;otesri.m to b ,h 10 ; C*9 ii a. 4, 0et- a) ' 5-1 fml X 3 5 The accompanying scenes show fields of wheat, barley, rye and oats on the Lubke farm. Wausaukee district, Marinette County. Note the length and size of the 1i d f heat and the thickness of With the great growth of dairying thing that if Marinettehad a great d in Marinette County there has come a ors have corresponding growth in the areas the past in dairy farmir comi devoted to corn, potatoes, small almost as nothing to the of There opportunities crops. other and grains, has also been a gratifying growth in Prof. Kroege's statemm the production of pork, mutton, wool, the present situation, a rem etc. What this grosath has been is herewith. He is you believe we and this in well shown by other articles word every read fully LANDOLOGY. of special edition says: Which Will You Choose? The Dairy St However, the wonderful future of Months ago, it -ai• ,.• Marinette in industry dairying tAe 28 millions of cattli-d lcd start slaughtered by ,the mitit County, with the splendid r. which it already has, must not be Europe. This is five 1 than there are dairy ci believe We anyone. by overlooked ' United States tons.. no informed person will challenge the At first when, war le statement that dairying on a good slaughtered beef animals for some time pest tract of land in Upper Wisconsin of- but slaughtering the d; been profers one of the safest and surest ' as well. fit investments in the country 'today. i The United States •Ps Everyone has heard of fly-by-night in- • Agriculture says: "In Rai of dairy cattle have been vestments, from which not one out of for meat during the last return. any realize would a hundred . "The continental dair i Compare such an investment against imported much of the' :the war. The war Inc the great and ever-growing dairying reduction of such shipn. ' you and Wisconsin, Upper of success "There wasn't enoughhuna ' nage to be spared for 11 find ninety-nine farmers out of guns dred making very big profits on small centrates, because and human food were tle investments. Which investment will itary needs. you choose? "At the same time, Oh There are few better money-mak- , civilian populations bad meat. ing combinations in the farming "So dairy cattle were I dairy and clover than world better ply this demand, and b cows. The greatest living farm au- wasn't feed enough to thorities are all agreed on this state- alive. "As the war continue f ment. Prof. Kroege, who spoke at ditions may be expecte( i the Marinette County, (Wisconsin) more acute and the slauE all of these grain crops. You can Picnic recently, has peen dairy cattle to inc-f see by the buildings in the back- New Settlers' Because of thi.; slamh some dairy informawith is us this that the furnished of ecene ground lower , animals abroad, the des tremendland a new farm-it was unimproved tion which we believe is country for butter ana only a (:1w years ago. ously important. It proves for one condensed milk has groi THESE ARE THE OFFICES OF THE SKIDMORE LAND CO. These two views show the offices of the Skidmore Land Company Wisconsin, and at Marinette. The view above shows Wausaukee, at the Wausaukee office and hotel of the company and the view below is the Marinette office. are html,' sugar lands valued at $200 per acre. °n there state that it is their ararnaers ts greatest cash crop. The manager of rn the local factory says that Marinette ne County lands will produce, acre for fs . acre, as much or more than these ler 1$200 per acre lands. If sugar beet to • raising is highly profitable on lands all-, worth $200 per acre, you can figure ery- out the profits which can be made on 10 lands bought at from $20 to $30 per acre. Don't Delay Too Long. con-, You most certainly ought to get a agar tract of Marinette County land right vide nova and get at least five acres of it nice (ready to grow sugar beets in'1919. If p is you don't, you will be passing up one } the of the greatest price guarantee cash no , crop opportunities ever offered in this g of ;country. lt -1 GOOD LIVING AND SNUG FORTUNE-I f ANY AMBITIOUS ' V1ING IN MARINETTE FAMILY WHO ENGAGES IN DA1 COUNTY, WISCONSIN---OUTLOI eAS NEVER SO PROMISING 0 The production of sheep in the United States has fallen off by 14,000,000 since 1900. This has been. due to shortage of range in the far west, because of the Homesteaders' Act, unusually dry weather in that part of the country and exceptionally severe winters. The mutton and wool from that number of sheep would this year be worth $150,000,000. From 2,200,000,000 to 2,700,000,000 pounds of wool are needed annually for the armies at war. CD cr I, • Geo. W. McKerrow, Wisconsin's greatest sheep breeder and recognized as an authority among sheep experts all over the world says that Upper Wisconsin is one of the best sheep localities he knows of. He has a large sheep farm in southern Wisconsin and a sheep farm in upper Wisconsin. He states that he has already been successful with his sheep in southern Wisconsin but that his greatest success has come on the upper Wisconsin ranch. The land in upper Wisconsin, Mr. McKerrow says, costs him less, produces greater crops of clover and other sheep feed, -provides better pasture land, the sheep are healthier and make better gains, aad have heavier and better fleeces. Mr. McKerrow believes that no man of ability with an adequate amount of capital can fail in handling sheep in upper Wisconsin. He believes further that exceptionally good profits will be the reward of such a man. DC S3UIUU •,': CD THERE IS A $5.00 PER DAY JOB ER EVERYONE IN THE FAMILY RAISING SUGAR BEETS IN MAR"):4ETTE COUNTY, WISCONSIN WISCONSIN FARM PAPER TELLS OF CO-OPERATIVE LIVESTOCK BUYING IN MARINETTE CO. -Front the Wisconsin Farmer, March 28, 1918. Marinette County owes its present security as a dairy center to several things, foremost of which are co-operation between farmers and townspeople, and the natural advantages which the region possesses. Livestock buying on a co-operative plan between farmers and local banks is a special feature worth noting, as it has contributed in no small measure to the progress here. Four banks at Marinette, and local banks at Peshtigo. Coleman, Pound, Crivitz, and Wausaukee are joined in the credit movement along this line. The plan has been in successful operation for a number of years and already over forty carloads of purebred dairy cattle of Holstein and Guernsey breeds have been imported in this way. Like the American Army, Cows and Clover Are An Unbeatable Proposition. THIS LINE, AND MAIL TO SKIDMORE LAND CO., MARINETTE, WIS. AGE SIX At our Wausaukee headquarters we have clean light rooms and good wholesome cooking, all of which can be had at a very moderate price. The company's headquarters are just two blocks northeast of the Milwaukee road depot, at which you alight when you arrive in Wausaukee. y farm- , and bounds,-and continues to grow! Nor will this demand for our dairy : products abruptly cease with the --; bael; !coming of peace. the , When war ends, foreign nations purposes and Part ee • can buy grain for seed ' after the first crop has been raised, , be able largely to take care of themselves as regards grain. There will ceeert be a great decline in the foreign demand for American grain a year or two after the war ends. t But not so with dairying. It takes a long time to develop dairy herds and a still longer time to so increase the number of .herds as to supply the • -orld's needs. Europe will look to 'he United States for dairy products after this war ends. ODS mare for years It means too, that when'war ends, in the there will be a tremendous need stock with Elrepe abroad for dairy breeding farming over eipally which to start dairy countrieg. Its; a again in the devastated Our headquarter in Marinette are two blocks east of the NorthThe hundreds of thousands of dairy nimals herds destroyed-millions of dairy west ern and Milwaukee road depots, on the same side of the street. replaced, and the one - We will be glad to welcome you at our offices at either Wausaucent of cows-must be million s great market where this stock may kee Marinette., Ordinarily it is best to go directly to our offices States. United ghtered be obtained will be the Wausaukee because you call save time and will be nearer to the at of This gives to the dairy farmers years. ,:antiles America the greatest opportunity better class of lands which are open for settlement today. All corthat has ever come to them. respondence should be addressed to our Marinette, Wis., offices. e Can You Recognize Truth When You Labboeura See it? an tonItois said that all farming is more ad conpowder or less, of a gamble-the farmer' must .ut rail- gamble en the weather, market pricevery year. Dairy farming ice and es, etc., e ntore in a locality' Like Marinette county comes as near to taking the "gamble" to supof "gambling" as anything could. there out them Clover, corn silage and good pastures are assured every year-at least there has never been a year as )000ME3 county when these of m. yet in Marinette with those essen---and feeds failed of da.ry tials and a supply of root crops, on this also have never failed in upper 'se and which )y leaps Wisconsin, you are as certain of sue• cess at dairying as it is possible to in the history of this country, and with every indication that these pricbe certain of anything. es must continue to climb for severYou Must Not Overlook This! al years, is it any wonder that we We have taken up a lot of space in say, time and time again-"Come to discussions of dairy farming opporMarinette county, Wisconsin, and tunities in Marinette county, because make a good living and snug fortune we do not want to make the mistake at dairy farming." of having you overlook the exceptional circumstances in the dairy industry today. No farmer who used Marinette County Farming Towns are good common sense and had a reaGrowing Fast. sonable amount of capital ever failed On October first the Crivitz post cde was advanced from fourth to oilru at dairy farming in Marinette county. ovffi due to the increasing With the price of dairy products third class, me of business handled.-Crivitz much higher today than ever before I Advocate, Oct. 12, 1917, OGY LA VICTORY AND OPPORTUNITY EDITION VICTORY AND OPPORTUNITY• EDITION NEW PROFITS IN THE OLDEST LIVESTOC 4INDUSTRYIN THE HISTORY OF THE WORLD ' the former timber lands of the Great Lakes region in the search for good cheap grass lands on which to raise the mutton and wool urgently required by the American army and people. Largest and quickest profits in the sheep industry are possible in a locality like Marinette County, Wiscon, sin, where corn silage as well as clover and root crops for winter feed can be produced in great quantities at very low cost. Sheep grazed on the slopes outside of Jerusalem in Biblical times but never before in the history of livestock farming has the production of mutton and wool offered such an attractive margin of profit as at the present time. The United States Department of Agriculture, National Wool Growers' Association, National Sheep and Wool Bureau of America, and many other organizations are turning their attention to HACENBARTH SAYS BEST LIVESTOCK REGION IN WORLD -NOTED WESTERN LIVESTOCK MAN MAKES INSPECTION OF LAND HERE AND STARTS GREAT SHEEP MOVEMENT. NEW LIVESTOCK EMPiRE SAYS NATURE FAVORED FORMER TIMBER LANDS OF UPPER LAKES REGION FOR LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION. tore it is an assured asset and the carrying out of the plans for which this favored section was created. The time is ripe now. Ycur proposition is now one arithmetic. You of simple know of the range shortage today in the far west. You know that the stock must be taken to some new and suitable fields. You know that you have a large acreage available for this great purpose. Yours is the best available area for quick and definite results. Is not the answer a simple one? Stock is hunting a place to go.• Here is a place hunting for stock. One man can take care of 1,000 sheep allowing for extra work during the lambing season. Sheep raising, I repeat, is a safe investment and staple industry under efficient management. YOU HAVE THE GREATEST LIVE-STOCK COUNTRY IN THE UNITED STATES IF NOT IN THE WORLD. Sheep are better than cattle as an investment. The returns from sheep are two to one over cattle on any area suitable to both. Sheep are more easily handled. They furnish two crops, to-wit: wool and meat. If I were twenty years younger I would like nothing bettee than to come here and show you what I could do. Our business was an $18,000 proposition when I was younger. Today it is a $3,000,000 affair. I could do even better here. There is today in this country a shortage of from 60 to 70 per cent ,of wool needed for home consumption under normal, not wm r condition-, We could pro. all we --- ------. ,!,4 ivar.45 :•^4,4 hornThe $85,000,0e0 e pay annieey to Argentina and AW3i traliz. ew wool beionee in the pocketuook of the United states. Stock raising in the far west has decreased 35 per cent due. to the shortage of range and the Homesteaders' law AND HAS MADE FOR YOU THE GREATEST OPPORTUNITY WHICH EVER CAME TO ANY SECTION OF THE UNITED STATES. , In the far west every live-sto,:k man knows Frank J. Hagenbarth. Mr. Hagenbarth is not so well known in the middle west and the east but he is becoming better known in the middle west through his appearance before various Chambers of Commerce, development associations, etc., in his efforts to call the attention of the country to the possibilities of the upper Great Lakes region for sheep and cattle production. A Man of Wide Experience. Mr. Hagenbarth is a striking and forceful figure. Beginning life as a western ranch hand, with no capital whatever, he has built up a fortune of several million dollars in the livestock business. He iF at present, president of tht, Nrt tional Wool Growers' Association. whiph includes the biggest sheep ranchers in Amer!ea. In addition to cos own privats? live-stock interests, and his position as president of a very powerful livestock association, he is assisting the United States Department of Agriculture in bringing about a greater production of mutton and wool in this country. . The fact that Mr. Hagenbarth on his judgment of lands and live-stock has made a fortune for himself, and is regarded by the Unitea. States Department of Agriculture as an authority in the sheep business, makes Mr. When Mr. Hagenbarth left here he Hagenbarth's opinions well worth returned to the west and advised considering. It was the privilege of the editor sheep and cattle men there to look of LANDOLOGY to hear Mr. Hagen- over the Upper Great Lakes grass barth speak on two different occa- lands as he had done. He told them sions concerning the possibilities of he was sure he had discovered the the former timber lands of the Upper right place for the expansion of the Great Lakes region for sheep and cat- sheep and cattle industry. tle production. Mr. Hagenbarth beMr. Hagenbarth's work has already fore giving the second address had borne fruit. Several ranch outfits Upper Wisconsin and spent a week in of 2,000 to 12.000 head of sheep and other parts of the upper Lakes region, others of 1,000 to 9,000 head of cattle carefully looking over the lands be- have already been moved to Upper fore giving his opinion of their worth Wisconsin and other localities in the for profitable live-stock production. upper Lake region. One ranch outfit The address which he subsequently of 12,000 sheep, herders, ponies and interest runabout cars for use in herding, etc., delivered created great throughout' the country and is re- was moved all in one train consisting garded as the basis on which 100,000 of 43 cars. sheep and cattle from western states This is simply the forerunner of a have already been moved to the for- great new live-stock business for the mer timber lands in the upper Lakes former timber lands of this locality. country. We wish that every reader Numerous other live-stock men of far j of Landology might have been pres- western and middle western states ent to hear Mr. Hagenbarth's address have already made purchases of land delivered just afteP he had spent a here and will establish ranches soon. week carefully looking over lands in We want the live-stock men of the this part of the country, but lacking great middle western states such as that, we are going to present some southern Wisconsin, southern Michiof his most interesting statements, as gan, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Iowa follows: to realize the importance of what Mr. You have the best country on Hagenbarth discovered here. There • earth fpr live-stock and grazing. are many exceptionally good locations It is a well known fact that the and openings for men with a fair the raised in are best sheep amount of capital who would like to colder countries and that they handle from 100 to 1,000 head of Sheep produce the best wool. sheep or cattle. Such men by able and cattle deteriorate in the management and industrious work warmer countries and that is can not only make very nice profits, why Texas and other southern on livestock here, but by their livestates send their young farther stock farming operations they will be north to be invigorated and fatdoubling and tripling the value of tened. their land. One of your fourteen months Marinette •County, Wisconsin, we old steers would weigh from most sincerely believe has more to 1400 to 1500 pounds against a offer in location, increase in value of weight for a similar steer of land as it is improved, supply of win1100 pounds in Texas. Nature ter feed, nearness to markets, popudesigned this upper country for lation, length of growing season, abillive-stock and favored it in a ity to raise ripened corn and silage way it favored no other section corn, and longer pasture season than country. our of other localities. We leave it to your If at the beginning of the judgment. new sheep and cattle movement There is a place here for the stockone-half and you put in one man who wants to handle 5,000 to half acre on only sheep to the 100,000 head and for the man who of your available land with catwould like to handle 100 to 5,000 head. tle in the low-lying lands, which We believe when you come to Mariare ideal for that purpose, you nette County and learn of the progrescan easily take care of 8,000,000 sive farming and ranching life going sheep and 1,000,000 head of caton here, and of the opportunities tle. I am as sure this can be awaiting you, you will agree with us done as I am that I am here. that "MARINETTE COUNTY IS THE BELIEVE SINCERELY I PLACE." THESE FIGURES CAN BE DOUBLED. This sounds big What McKerrow Says. and it is big. George W. McKerrow, Wisconsin's You can add $150,000,000 to greatest sheep farmer and one of the the assets of your people in recognized sheep experts of the world, this locality and $100,000,000 to says: "Use good sires, feed well, keep the gross earnings of the land. right at the business and sheep will Isn't that a stake worth going see you through. There is room in after? Wisconsin for hundreds of thousands Under today's conditions this more good sheep." Is a patriotic duty. For the fu- 1 tons hay 2.46 bought March 5, 1917 36.88 1 ton hay bought 11.30 March 27, 1917 1 car hay, April 6, 1917. 29,240 lbs., CONSTANT SHIPMENT OF SHEEP 147.29 at '$12.60 th the Editor of AND CATTLE FROM FAR WEST56.13 CONSERVATIVE FIGURES SHOW Corn ERN AND OTHER POINTS TO 47.64 Oats ndology. NET PROFIT PER HEAD OF 26.40 UPPER LAKES REGION. Bran $6.43 FIRST YEAR. 5.00 Salt cong in Upper WisFrom Marinette (Wis.) Eagle-Star, 40.00 Roots, 10 tons WISCONSIN RANCHER SAYS $20 . July 10, 1918. for me?" .ccmsnai 2.18 Accessories PER ACRE LAND PAYS HIM THIS READ CAREFULLY hr. Last night a train of 17 cars loaded . You m care 2 Summer _G.; yourself that $40 PER ACRE AT SHEEP six weeks for with sheep and the necessary horses question ,5 minute. We STATEMENT IN THIS ARTICLE IS months at $0.25 12.50 775.32 FARMING. and men to care for them arrived. t your answer in the want you . A COMMON SENSE GUIDE TO This noon a train of 14 cars arrived indepet:Jd :rrients quoted in RECEIPTS DETERMINE SHEEP POSover the Northwestern. HELP TO CLEAR eieee publications, LAND Wool, 1066 lbs., at these ita SIBILITIES. Thoasands of head • of sheep and 586.30 $0.55 nd eleleeriative opinions cattle are now grazing upon lands in ANOTHER SHEEP Wool, 161 / 2 lbs., at MAN SAYS ,feert agricultural offithis vicinity. Cloverland is the cat- g t;10111,: (Note-The figures presented in this $0.50 8.12 wl:a are in a posiSHEEP COME NEARER PRODUCtie and sheep country of the United "I'S article are taken from an article pub- Rams sold, 5 120.00 ING AS PER ESTIMATE THAN States. ihe opportunities of lished in the -May, 1918, edition of the Old ewes and wethhi e OTHER FARMING HE TRIED. American Sheep Breeder.) ers sold, 88 488.60 ee are always pre,Upper 5.60 Opportunities for the development 1 lamb "v,rhat the other SAYS SHEEP ARE ferret] .,A not "What we say." of sheep raising and the grazing indusFront Nov. 8, 1917, Edition of the GREAT OPPORTUNITY fell " 1,208.62 as e you abide by try in Upper Wisconsin are exceptionti tWe Wisconsin Farmer. (EsManure value oti,er fellow." We al. Very few people have awakened to Believes no Better Livestock Oppor-thi i eotp 4 In connection with the campaign at one'or opinion be- the situation as yet.' Some have dis- timated flight tunity Exists Today-Well Suited now in progress to produce more lands in Upper covered the wonderful possibilities half) 99 tons .... 198.40 ; cause to Upper Wisconsin. 5.32 1,412.34 sheep in Upper Wisconsin, the Wis; iW econ,, • 1,..et cannot question ' of this phase of agriculture and have Lamb consin Farmer has the privilege to Reprint of a letter which appeared in tee man who has no proven its success. The experimentthe the' um' ', the Oct. 25, 1917, Edition of Value of flock after selling the publish some information on this subTi'' ions quoted are al days to prove it a good thing are land t.) • ject furnished by F. J. Hogoboom, Wisconsin Farmer. about gone. The proposition today is above 95: /11 pablications. from in manager of the 0. B. Parhan & ComTo the Editor-Wisconsin is one of eeeemeanying articles to scatter the good news and get Breeding ewes, 125, pany sheep ranch in Upper Wiscon$ 875.00 ,s with a open mind.! more people interested. There are at $7.00 the most patriotic states in the Union. • sin, which throws some light on the he skeptics who spend hundreds of acres of good undevel- Ewe lambs, 32 at But we could give more aid if more ,;7''• cost of going into the sheep business: 224.00 Ill sn ying "'Taint oped land in Marinette County, Wis- $7.00 , sheep were raised. We need all the "A good two year old ewe will pay 75.00 tinec clie poor because ; consin, ready to grow luxuriant pas- Rams, 2 20 per cent interest on $50 and I am wool that we can get so that Uncle 1917 spring in•t3rIL,1 tures, clovers, roots, small grains and brains to selling them for $15. Our sheep crease on lambs, Sam can clothe our soldier boys is silage suitable for sheep success. 545.00 $1,719.00 sheared $5 worth .of wool this year good warm, woolen clothing. Th'.. We do not charge The usefulness of sheep in land 109, at $5.00 and they have lambs at side that are -?,lp them to better stand e you over the lands clearing has been extensively proven, Interest on investworth from $10 to $12 each and I w •:. conditions to which they v: ,i,y. Don't buy land if and they are in use for this purpose ment, $3,266.00, at 195.96 have some that weigh $15 worth and U-. eected. 'mditions as re-pre- on many farms every year, as well 6% they are running on $20 land and RESULTS from the, profit no hesitancy in as for their economy in wool and mutwhen it gets all grazed over well it 1,412.00 ,tri=•;nt, because .g.e ton production. Total receipts eee ie no animal the' will carry four ewes and their Iambs -eeen Theee', The following is an annual report Increased valuation 653.00 itiOnS as Kew; . to qv: acre aniI. at that state ?..2r, tend creaeeezdhe tr,eeility ef the ----repretientgA. ef the slie.T industry on a typical Upwill pay $40 per acre per annum, and can be, kept on pasture tin Total receipts it wruld per Wisconsin farm from July 1, as to land clearing there is nothing stock Will not, eat. With wooree II you things that; 1916, to July 1, 1917: TOTAL COSTS that can beat them. 775.32 fifty cents to one dollar per pourm Feed, care, etc ver were Value. rnis-1 Investment Sheep as Land Clearers. 971.28 and the high price el lambs at fifteen ee ::oot, as you visited Number of breedIncreased valuation 195.96 to twenty cents per pound it is certy. That would destroy ing ewes, 116 ....$ 696.00 "We have been here three years $1,094.06 and we have about 800 acres cut off tainly an easy way of getting money. y: , e and you would • not Number of wethNet profit .... $6.43 and the sheep have kept it sprouted I think if there were more sheep kept te g laud. . We know it is , ers and culls. 49. 245.00 Net profit per head on the farms there would be less no 'noyour confidence in ' Number of rams. 5 125.00 In looking over the above report, so perfectly that the roots are enor; sending home to "Dad" for money. yoti of the oppor- Valuation of buildone will notice that, in order to make tirely dead and anyone can come and Third, especially in upper Wiscon- tea' yeu in Marinette . ing this profit on the investment, the see for themselves and need not take 1,200.00 sin they should be raised. Good cut-, cc': , we ask is that you Land pastured, 40 present valuation was not placed on my word for it. I figure that 500 sheep over land can be bought from fifteen cone .for yourself. If you de- acres (estimated) 14,000.00 $3,266.00 the estimate value of the flock left. are equal to a $40 man and keep the to twenty dollars per acre; rutabagas cicb,' ' here--as we believe Instead, they were valued at what man mowing brush all summer and and carrots can be raised to perfec-Iyou: railroad fare both they are worth under ordinary condi- when the sheep get through the brush COSTS tion, yielding six hundred to one wa:„ allowed by us. tions to show that, with average pric- is killed. In this manner a man can Care through winthousand bushels per acre. Clover :eons, ambitious, knowl- ter 11 es, sheep are good money makers. handle northern Wisconsin land and / 2 hour per will yield from three to five tons per . edge )1orneecekers are coming ! day at $0.25 None of the above sheep would be make money besides clearing his 67.50 acre. This will make an excellent evevel'he 'so' w-it-alls and the , Extra cost of lAor sold at the figures given in the esti- land. We have made money every •• not (:.,roing. The cour- at lambing time winter ration, while in the summer won: mate, as market prices were then al- summer here on this ranch and I sup15.00 they will graze and help their °wile, ago.. iie are build-, Cost of shearing most double that amount. 18.00 pose we have as rough a ranch as develop this new fertile land. I be- mug :- ortimes here. The 15 tons hay bought The net profit shown above is ex- you will find anywhere in the state." neve there is no better opportunity Hee . .,Jrici the weaklings will December, 1916 of the value of the sheep clusive 196.75 • G. M. Mashek, residing about sixty for the young man of today than to urve , will always be , 7.36 ' tons barn, which was in the nature of a miles from Marinette, Wisconsin, hay raise sheep and open up a farm in knee ; permaneft improvement, but its en- claims that new cut-over lands ...taklings. Which bought January clee, upper Wisconsin. .• to? tire cost was deducted from the first will support two or three ewes 31, 1917 92.75 season's gross profits, and still the and their lambs per acre and that afnet profit was a very desirable one. ter it has been pastured for several Years it will carry five or six sheep Iper acre. He places the cost INDIANA MEN START of winter feed in the average Upper ' Wisconsin country at from $2 to $2.50 BIG SHEEP RANCH per head and says that lambs turned IN MARINETTE COUNTY off clover pastures from cut-over lands will sell at the Chicago stockFrom the Wou.saulree (Wis.) Independ- yards as grain-fed lambs. Mr. Mashek advises starting with western ent, May 11, 1918. ewes and says that sheep will develop Island Lake The Sheep,Co. of Waninto better quality in the second and saukee is the name of a company re- third year. In fact, sheep in the cently incorporated for the purpose Great Lakes countries are always betof developing a sheep ranch north of ter two or three years after the origthis village where the company has inal flock is brought from the West. purchased 725 acres from the SkidDisease Disappears. more Land Co. At a meeting held a' Mr. Mashek had trouble with stomfew days ago the following were elected officers, of the company: J. W. ach worms in his herd of sheep imShank, president: T. Wm. Hart, vice- ported to Wisconsin, but he says that president; Corry M. Shank, secre- the best proof he can have that the The three officers cut-over lands are free from this tary-treasurer. comprise the board of directors of disease is that about six months later the disease had entirely disappeared. the company. The ranch will be in active charge The impression that the old timber of Mr. and Mrs. Shank who came lands of Wisconsin are exceedingly here from Indiana. A large acreage cold in winter is erroneous. Those is being cleared and buildings are to who have expetimented with sheep be erected on the place during the both in Wisconsin and the western summer. The first sheep will be range country find that the losses brought to the ranch in tha fall, the are much less in Wisconsin. The size of the flock depending on the sheep make their best gains on grass in Wisconsin after the first amount of feed raised this season. Several hundred acres of the land frost and until there is two or three is covered with grass suitable for pas- inches of snow on the ground. Furthturing a large number of sheep and ermore, this snow preserves the pasthe plan is to enclose the entire tract ture and makes early feed in the spring. Before engaging in farming with woven wire fencing. The tract purchased takes in Grass in Wisconsin Mr. Mashek worked out lake, about two miles north of Wau- a set of figures indicating what the sauk'ee, and extends into Island lake, food production on various lines in fact the upper boundary line reach- should be and he says his hopes and es far enough north to include the profits came nearer being realized island from which the lake derived in the sheep business than any other form of farming, he evet attempted. its name. A dam is to be built at the head of the stream w,hich feeds the lake and WHAT WESTERN MAN a power plant constructed to supply SAYS OF WISCONSIN electric current for operating the farm machinery and lighting the buildings. K. 0. Kohler of the state of WashThe men back of the project have ington handled a considerable numhad experience in sheep raising on an ber of sheep -in Upper Wisconsin a extensive scale and are confident of number of years ago. In an article in developing a great and profitable in- the May, 1918 edition of the National dustry in Marinette County. Wool Grower he says: "I never saw a place that grew betSheep Increase Fast. ter red-clover than northern WisconMary had a little lamb, sin, and I prefer it to alfalfa for She gave it every care; sheep feed. There is a world -of feed And after several years or so going to waste in that section which Thirty-two were there. will eventually be utilized." TWO TRAINS LOADED WITH SHEEP ARRIVE •FARING YOUR ITUNITY 170 SHEEP SHOW PROFIT OF $1,094 • WESTERN SHEEP A ON THE 2,100 ACRE IN MARINET wane...mom- LCONSIN PURE-BRED RAMS OF THE BUSBY-TAFT CO. irfilf, WISCONSIN TWO EXPERIENCED SHEEP MEN TELL OF POSSIBILITIES