Banking Emergency of 1933

During February and early March, 1933, banks throughout the country were experiencing difficulties, and many were forced to either close or operate under restrictions. Two of the most notable actions taken in response to the situation were the national bank holiday, enacted on March 6, 1933, and the passage of the Emergency Banking Relief Act (also known as the Emergency Banking Act) on March 9, 1933. Banking Act of 1933 (also known as the Glass-Steagall Act) was passed later that year to establish the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and introduce various banking reforms.

Sort by: Date / Title       Showing Items: 1 - 25 of 74      
Show:
Banking Holiday of 1933

Banking Holiday of 1933


Go to Publication

Description:
These documents were sent by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis to 8th District banks. Additional national documents on the Bank Holiday of 1933 are available. Search Banking Emergency of 1933.

Citation:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, ([year]), Banking Holiday of 1933, [issue title/date], accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=486

Authors:

Topics:

Related Publications:

Availability: 1933 to 1933
Authors: Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Box 1, Folder 3: 1933, Closed Banks

Box 1, Folder 3: 1933, Closed Banks


View Issue

Description:
Memoranda regarding the widespread closure of banks during the Great Depression.

Date:
1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Winfield W. Riefler Papers

Citation:
Riefler, Winfield W., 1933, Box 1, Folder 3: 1933, Closed Banks, from Winfield W. Riefler Papers, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_riefler_1_03.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Riefler, Winfield W.

Box 2158, Folder 1: Banking Holiday (Feb-Mar. 9, 1933)

Box 2158, Folder 1: Banking Holiday (Feb-Mar. 9, 1933)


View Issue

Description:
Correspondence and other documents leading up to the declaration of the banking holiday, including legislation, Treasury regulations, and letters from President Hoover.

Date:
1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Hoover, Herbert and United States. Dept. of the Treasury, 1933, Box 2158, Folder 1: Banking Holiday (Feb-Mar. 9, 1933), from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2158_01.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Hoover, Herbert, United States. Dept. of the Treasury

Box 2158, Folder 2: Banking Holiday (Mar 10 1933 - 1939)

Box 2158, Folder 2: Banking Holiday (Mar 10 1933 - 1939)


View Issue

Description:
Documents, regulation, and correspondence primarily regarding foreign exchange and export of gold in 1933.

Date:
1933-1939,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945 and United States. Dept. of the Treasury, 1939, Box 2158, Folder 2: Banking Holiday (Mar 10 1933 - 1939), from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2158_02.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1939
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945, United States. Dept. of the Treasury

Box 2158, Folder 3: Control of Call Loan Rates

Box 2158, Folder 3: Control of Call Loan Rates


View Issue

Description:
Pamphlet on the Stock Clearing Corporation of the New York Stock Exchange and a US Senate publication "Rates of Interest on Collateral Call Loans."

Date:
[1920],

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
United States. Congress. Senate, 1920, Box 2158, Folder 3: Control of Call Loan Rates, from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2158_03.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1920
Authors: United States. Congress. Senate

Box 2158, Folder 4: Call Loan Rates

Box 2158, Folder 4: Call Loan Rates


View Issue

Description:
Correspondence including that between the Board and Senator Carl Hayden regarding the rates of call loans.

Date:
1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), 1933, Box 2158, Folder 4: Call Loan Rates, from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2158_04.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)

Box 2158, Folder 5: Control of Call Loan Rates

Box 2158, Folder 5: Control of Call Loan Rates


View Issue

Description:
Documents and correspondence regarding the regulation of call loan rates, 1920.

Date:
1920,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Federal Reserve Bank of New York, United States. Congress. Senate and United States. Dept. of the Treasury, 1920, Box 2158, Folder 5: Control of Call Loan Rates, from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2158_05.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1920
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Federal Reserve Bank of New York, United States. Congress. Senate, United States. Dept. of the Treasury

Box 2158, Folder 6: Customers Rates on Small Loans Survey 5/11/33

Box 2158, Folder 6: Customers Rates on Small Loans Survey 5/11/33


View Issue

Description:
Data and forms compiled from all Federal Reserve Banks on the interest rates charged by member banks on small loans in May 1928 and May 1933.

Date:
May 1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.). Division of Research and Statistics, 1933, Box 2158, Folder 6: Customers Rates on Small Loans Survey 5/11/33, from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2158_06.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.). Division of Research and Statistics

Box 2159, Folder 1: Banking Holiday (Jan 1940-1952)

Box 2159, Folder 1: Banking Holiday (Jan 1940-1952)


View Issue

Description:
Documents chronicling post-WWII revision of 1933 banking regulations; discussion of Treasury licensing of individual banks for participation in FRS.

Date:
1940-1952,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco and United States. Dept. of the Treasury, 1952, Box 2159, Folder 1: Banking Holiday (Jan 1940-1952), from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2159_01.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1952
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, United States. Dept. of the Treasury

Box 2159, Folder 2: Banking Holiday, pocket

Box 2159, Folder 2: Banking Holiday, pocket


View Issue

Date:
1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945, United States. Dept. of the Treasury and Woodin, William H. (William Hartman), 1868-1934, 1933, Box 2159, Folder 2: Banking Holiday, pocket, from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2159_02.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945, United States. Dept. of the Treasury, Woodin, William H. (William Hartman), 1868-1934

Box 2159, Folder 3: Circulars FRBanks, Banking Holiday

Box 2159, Folder 3: Circulars FRBanks, Banking Holiday


View Issue

Description:
Circulars related to the Banking Holiday issued by the Federal Reserve Banks of Boston and New York

Date:
1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and Federal Reserve Bank of New York, 1933, Box 2159, Folder 3: Circulars FRBanks, Banking Holiday, from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2159_03.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Box 2159, Folder 4: Circulars FRBanks, Banking Holiday

Box 2159, Folder 4: Circulars FRBanks, Banking Holiday


View Issue

Description:
Circulars related to the Banking Holiday issued by the Federal Reserve banks of Philadelphia, Cleveland, and Richmond

Date:
1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia and Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, 1933, Box 2159, Folder 4: Circulars FRBanks, Banking Holiday, from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2159_04.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond

Box 2159, Folder 5: Circulars FRBanks, Banking Holiday

Box 2159, Folder 5: Circulars FRBanks, Banking Holiday


View Issue

Description:
Circulars related to the Banking Holiday issued by the Federal Reserve Banks of Atlanta and Chicago

Date:
1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta and Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, 1933, Box 2159, Folder 5: Circulars FRBanks, Banking Holiday, from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2159_05.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

Box 2160, Folder 1: Gold Withdrawals, Banking Holiday

Box 2160, Folder 1: Gold Withdrawals, Banking Holiday


View Issue

Description:
Documents on gold hoarding and policies to prevent it.

Date:
1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Federal Reserve Bank of New York, United States. Dept. of State and United States. Dept. of the Treasury, 1933, Box 2160, Folder 1: Gold Withdrawals, Banking Holiday, from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2160_01.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Federal Reserve Bank of New York, United States. Dept. of State, United States. Dept. of the Treasury

Box 2160, Folder 2: Circulars FRBanks, Banking Holiday

Box 2160, Folder 2: Circulars FRBanks, Banking Holiday


View Issue

Description:
Circulars from the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis regarding the banking holiday.

Date:
1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, 1933, Box 2160, Folder 2: Circulars FRBanks, Banking Holiday, from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2160_02.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Box 2160, Folder 3: Circulars FRBanks, Banking Holiday

Box 2160, Folder 3: Circulars FRBanks, Banking Holiday


View Issue

Description:
Circulars including regulations and lists of banks permitted to resume operations after the banking holiday.

Date:
1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco and Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, 1933, Box 2160, Folder 3: Circulars FRBanks, Banking Holiday, from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2160_03.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Box 2160, Folder 4: Treasury regulations released to press, Banking Holiday

Box 2160, Folder 4: Treasury regulations released to press, Banking Holiday


View Issue

Description:
Regulations governing operations of banks in 1933 after the holiday.

Date:
1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) and United States. Dept. of the Treasury, 1933, Box 2160, Folder 4: Treasury regulations released to press, Banking Holiday, from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2160_04.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), United States. Dept. of the Treasury

Box 2160, Folder 5: Treasury regulations not released to press, Banking Holiday

Box 2160, Folder 5: Treasury regulations not released to press, Banking Holiday


View Issue

Description:
Treasury regulations including exemption of Federal Reserve Banks from banking restrictions.

Date:
1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) and United States. Dept. of the Treasury, 1933, Box 2160, Folder 5: Treasury regulations not released to press, Banking Holiday, from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2160_05.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), United States. Dept. of the Treasury

Box 2160, Folder 6: Interpretations of Treasury regulations, Banking Holiday

Box 2160, Folder 6: Interpretations of Treasury regulations, Banking Holiday


View Issue

Description:
Interpretations of Treasury regulations.

Date:
1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) and United States. Dept. of the Treasury, 1933, Box 2160, Folder 6: Interpretations of Treasury regulations, Banking Holiday, from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2160_06.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), United States. Dept. of the Treasury

Box 2160, Folder 7: Press releases, Banking Holiday

Box 2160, Folder 7: Press releases, Banking Holiday


View Issue

Description:
Public statements from Treasury regarding the holiday.

Date:
1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) and United States. Dept. of the Treasury, 1933, Box 2160, Folder 7: Press releases, Banking Holiday, from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2160_07.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), United States. Dept. of the Treasury

Box 2161, Folder 1: Miscellaneous telegrams, Banking Holiday

Box 2161, Folder 1: Miscellaneous telegrams, Banking Holiday


View Issue

Description:
Correspondence requesting clarifications on bank restrictions and policy of the Treasury department from individual Federal Reserve Banks to the Board of Governors.

Date:
1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) and United States. Dept. of the Treasury, 1933, Box 2161, Folder 1: Miscellaneous telegrams, Banking Holiday, from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2161_01.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), United States. Dept. of the Treasury

Box 2161, Folder 2: Licensed Member Banks 3/29/33

Box 2161, Folder 2: Licensed Member Banks 3/29/33


View Issue

Description:
Publication: National and state bank members of the federal reserve system which have been licensed and are open on an unrestricted basis, as of the close of business March 29, 1933.

Date:
1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
United States. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, 1933, Box 2161, Folder 2: Licensed Member Banks 3/29/33, from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2161_02.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: United States. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency

Box 2161, Folder 3: Licensed Banks (1935-1938), Banking Holiday

Box 2161, Folder 3: Licensed Banks (1935-1938), Banking Holiday


View Issue

Description:
Lists and correspondence regarding licensed and unlicensed banks.

Date:
1935-1938,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 1938, Box 2161, Folder 3: Licensed Banks (1935-1938), Banking Holiday, from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2161_03.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1938
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston

Box 2161, Folder 4: Licensed Banks, Banking Holiday (Part 1)

Box 2161, Folder 4: Licensed Banks, Banking Holiday (Part 1)


View Issue

Description:
Discussion of Federal Reserve Banks' reporting of member and nonmember bank openings, closings, and successions

Date:
1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond and United States. Dept. of the Treasury, 1933, Box 2161, Folder 4: Licensed Banks, Banking Holiday (Part 1), from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2161_04.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, United States. Dept. of the Treasury

Box 2161, Folder 5: Licensed Banks, Banking Holiday (Part 2)

Box 2161, Folder 5: Licensed Banks, Banking Holiday (Part 2)


View Issue

Description:
Discussion of Federal Reserve Banks' reporting of member and nonmember bank openings, closings, and successions

Date:
1933,

Source:
National Archives at College Park, MD

Collection:
Records of the Federal Reserve System

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, United States. Dept. of the Treasury and United States. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, 1933, Box 2161, Folder 5: Licensed Banks, Banking Holiday (Part 2), from Records of the Federal Reserve System, accessed Apr 19, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/nara/nara_rg082_e02_b2161_05.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, United States. Dept. of the Treasury, United States. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency



Show All (74)